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2005 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

60425

Table 7.67A Smokeless Tobacco Brands Used Most Often During the Past Month among Past Month Smokeless Tobacco Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Smokeless Tobacco Brand1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Beech-Nut 209   201   5   4   21   29   182   169  
Bruton 8   *   *   *   *   *   8   *  
Copenhagen 1,553   1,681   110   90   312   316   1,132   1,275  
Day's Work 5   95   0   2   2   0   3   93  
Dental 17   47   *   *   *   *   17   47  
Grizzly2 --   930   --   103   --   213   --   615  
Hawken 45   44   0   0   9   10   35   34  
Kodiak 521 352   31   12   168 98   322   241  
Levi Garrett 476   290   38   20   51   46   387   225  
Longhorn 15 55   *   2   2   7   13 45  
Red Man 403   416   28   37   77   78   298   302  
Red Seal2 --   315   --   19   --   57   --   240  
Skoal 2,167   2,159   204   163   655   660   1,308   1,336  
Taylor's Pride 50   61   7   4   5   2   38   55  
Timber Wolf 400   355   37   22   76   69   287   264  
All Other Brands 676   516   39   29   77 36   560   452  
Unknown 85   118   16   18   20   43   49   57  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Smokeless Tobacco brands listed alphabetically are the reported 15 brands used most often among the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. population aged 12 or older in 2005; however, these are not necessarily the 15 brands used most often among the subgroups shown in this table.
2 These 2004 estimates are denoted by a "--" because the indicated brand names were reported as an other-specify in 2004 but were listed as response options in the 2005 questionnaire; thus, the 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60425

Table 7.67B Smokeless Tobacco Brands Used Most Often During the Past Month among Past Month Smokeless Tobacco Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Smokeless Tobacco Brand1 Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
Beech-Nut 2.9   2.6   0.9   0.7   1.4   1.7   3.6   3.1  
Bruton 0.1   *   *   *   *   *   0.2   *  
Copenhagen 21.7   21.9   19.2   17.2   19.7   19.0   22.7   23.2  
Day's Work 0.1   1.2   0.0   0.3   0.1   0.0   0.1   1.7  
Dental 0.2   0.6   *   *   *   *   0.3   0.9  
Grizzly2 --   12.1   --   19.6   --   12.8   --   11.2  
Hawken 0.6   0.6   0.1   0.0   0.6   0.6   0.7   0.6  
Kodiak 7.3 4.6   5.4   2.4   10.6 5.9   6.5   4.4  
Levi Garrett 6.6   3.8   6.6   3.7   3.2   2.8   7.7   4.1  
Longhorn 0.2 0.7   *   0.4   0.1   0.4   0.3   0.8  
Red Man 5.6   5.4   4.9   7.0   4.9   4.7   6.0   5.5  
Red Seal2 --   4.1   --   3.6   --   3.4   --   4.4  
Skoal 30.3   28.1   35.7   31.2   41.2   39.7   26.2   24.3  
Taylor's Pride 0.7   0.8   1.2   0.7   0.3   0.1   0.8   1.0  
Timber Wolf 5.6   4.6   6.5   4.1   4.8   4.2   5.7   4.8  
All Other Brands 9.4   6.7   6.8   5.6   4.9 2.1   11.2   8.2  
Unknown 1.2   1.5   2.9   3.5   1.2   2.6   1.0   1.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Smokeless Tobacco brands listed alphabetically are the reported 15 brands used most often among the civilian, noninstitutionalized U.S. population aged 12 or older in 2005; however, these are not necessarily the 15 brands used most often among the subgroups shown in this table.
2 These 2004 estimates are denoted by a "--" because the indicated brand names were reported as an other-specify in 2004 but were listed as response options in the 2005 questionnaire; thus, the 2004 and 2005 estimates are not comparable.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60410

Table 7.68A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 6,300   5,963   105   97   6,152   5,836  
     Marijuana and Hashish 4,575   4,272   86   71   4,452   4,179  
     Cocaine 601   652   8   7   587   640  
          Crack 116   167   1   2   115   165  
     Heroin 34   38   1   3   32   35  
     Hallucinogens 354 274   6   6   344 263  
          LSD 35   29   0   3   35   26  
          PCP 15   9   2   *   14   8  
          Ecstasy 223 156   4   3   217 150  
     Inhalants 131   125   1   2   130   121  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 2,329   2,348   30   33   2,285   2,302  
          Pain Relievers 1,630   1,674   21   29   1,596   1,634  
               OxyContin® --   126   --   1   --   124  
          Tranquilizers 692   678   5   6   684   668  
          Stimulants 492   520   7   3   483   513  
               Methamphetamine 207   230   1   1   205   228  
          Sedatives 124   101   2   1   123   100  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 2,961   2,929   35   40   2,907   2,872  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available. a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.68B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 10.2   9.6   4.3   3.9   10.4   9.9  
     Marijuana and Hashish 7.4 6.9   3.5   2.8   7.6   7.1  
     Cocaine 1.0   1.1   0.3   0.3   1.0   1.1  
          Crack 0.2   0.3   0.0   0.1   0.2   0.3  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 0.6 0.4   0.3   0.2   0.6 0.4  
          LSD 0.1   0.0   0.0   0.1   0.1   0.0  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.1   *   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.4 0.3   0.1   0.1   0.4 0.3  
     Inhalants 0.2   0.2   0.0   0.1   0.2   0.2  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 3.8   3.8   1.2   1.3   3.9   3.9  
          Pain Relievers 2.6   2.7   0.9   1.2   2.7   2.8  
               OxyContin® --   0.2   --   0.1   --   0.2  
          Tranquilizers 1.1   1.1   0.2   0.3   1.2   1.1  
          Stimulants 0.8   0.8   0.3   0.1   0.8   0.9  
               Methamphetamine 0.3   0.4   0.0   0.1   0.3   0.4  
          Sedatives 0.2   0.2   0.1   0.0   0.2   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.8   4.7   1.4   1.6   4.9   4.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available. a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.69A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 6,300   5,963   105   97   6,152   5,836  
AGE            
     15-17 994 908   12   9   975 884  
     18-25 2,573   2,499   71   63   2,476   2,425  
     26-44 2,733   2,556   22   24   2,701   2,526  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5,632 5,220   90   82   5,502 5,110  
          White 4,534 4,185   62   58   4,447 4,105  
          Black or African American 780   750   24   22   746   723  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 60   50   *   *   59   49  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 24   *   *   *   23   *  
          Asian 131 80   *   *   128   79  
          Two or More Races 102   129   *   *   99   127  
     Hispanic or Latino 668   743   15   15   651   725  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   54   50   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   31   26   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   18   21   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.69B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 10.2   9.6   4.3   3.9   10.4   9.9  
AGE            
     15-17 16.5 14.8   12.8   12.3   16.5 14.7  
     18-25 16.4   15.5   7.5   7.0   16.9   16.1  
     26-44 6.8   6.4   1.6   1.6   7.0   6.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10.8 10.0   4.7   4.1   11.0 10.2  
          White 11.4   10.7   4.4   3.9   11.6   10.9  
          Black or African American 9.5   8.8   8.0   6.8   9.4   8.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15.4   12.9   *   *   16.3   13.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12.6   *   *   *   12.8   *  
          Asian 4.3 2.5   *   *   4.4 2.6  
          Two or More Races 15.4   19.5   *   *   15.9   19.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 7.2   7.7   3.0   3.0   7.4   7.9  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   7.7   7.0   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   3.2   3.2   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   2.3   2.3   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.70A Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 4,575   4,272   86   71   4,452   4,179  
AGE            
     15-17 724   679   9   8   709   662  
     18-25 2,086 1,937   60   45   2,004   1,883  
     26-44 1,765   1,657   17   18   1,739   1,634  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,171 3,818   74   60   4,061 3,738  
          White 3,374 3,074   52   46   3,299 3,013  
          Black or African American 594   547   18   12   565   531  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 44   40   *   *   43   39  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10   9   *   *   10   9  
          Asian 78   57   *   *   74   57  
          Two or More Races 72   90   *   *   70   89  
     Hispanic or Latino 404   454   11   11   391   441  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   43   36   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   25   22   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   16   13   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.70B Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 7.4 6.9   3.5   2.8   7.6   7.1  
AGE            
     15-17 12.0   11.0   9.5   10.7   12.0   11.0  
     18-25 13.3 12.0   6.3   4.9   13.7 12.5  
     26-44 4.4   4.2   1.2   1.2   4.5   4.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8.0 7.3   3.9   3.0   8.1 7.5  
          White 8.5   7.8   3.7   3.1   8.6   8.0  
          Black or African American 7.2   6.4   6.2   3.8   7.1   6.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11.3   10.3   *   *   12.0   10.4  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5.2   4.3   *   *   5.4   4.3  
          Asian 2.5   1.8   *   *   2.6   1.9  
          Two or More Races 11.0   13.7   *   *   11.2   13.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 4.3   4.7   2.2   2.2   4.5   4.8  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   6.1   5.0   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   2.5   2.6   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   2.1   1.5   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.71A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 19,288   18,627   459   423   18,707   18,124  
     Cigarettes 18,655   17,948   438   413   18,110   17,455  
     Smokeless Tobacco 184   184   7   4   178   179  
     Cigars 1,876   1,926   35   28   1,815   1,889  
     Pipe Tobacco 160   206   8   3   152   203  
ALCOHOL 31,647   31,824   238   300   31,246   31,376  
     Binge Alcohol Use3 13,849   13,939   99   96   13,676   13,782  
          Heavy Alcohol Use3 3,166   3,158   16   18   3,140   3,132  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.71B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 31.3 30.1   18.9   17.0   31.7 30.7  
     Cigarettes 30.2 29.0   18.0   16.6   30.7 29.6  
     Smokeless Tobacco 0.3   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.3   0.3  
     Cigars 3.0   3.1   1.4   1.1   3.1   3.2  
     Pipe Tobacco 0.3   0.3   0.3   0.1   0.3   0.3  
ALCOHOL 51.3   51.4   9.8   12.1   53.0   53.1  
     Binge Alcohol Use3 22.4   22.5   4.1   3.9   23.2   23.3  
          Heavy Alcohol Use3 5.1   5.1   0.7   0.7   5.3   5.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.72A Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 18,655   17,948   438   413   18,110   17,455  
AGE            
     15-17 1,257 1,149   25   17   1,223 1,117  
     18-25 5,739   5,675   263   240   5,433   5,400  
     26-44 11,659   11,123   149   157   11,454   10,939  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16,915 16,050   403   377   16,420 15,606  
          White 14,035 13,241   356   319   13,604 12,868  
          Black or African American 1,994   2,030   28 48   1,953   1,972  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 191   156   *   *   187   152  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 69   *   *   *   67   *  
          Asian 372   289   *   *   368   286  
          Two or More Races 253   262   *   *   241   257  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,740   1,898   35   36   1,690   1,849  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   155   170   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   150 105   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   130   126   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.72B Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 30.2 29.0   18.0   16.6   30.7 29.6  
AGE            
     15-17 20.9 18.7   25.9   22.3   20.7 18.5  
     18-25 36.7 35.3   27.8   26.4   37.2 35.8  
     26-44 29.1   28.1   10.8   10.4   29.8   28.8  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 32.3 30.8   21.0   19.0   32.7 31.3  
          White 35.2 33.8   25.0   21.5   35.6 34.3  
          Black or African American 24.2   23.8   9.3   15.0   24.7   24.2  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 49.2   40.6   *   *   52.0   40.6  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 36.5   *   *   *   36.7   *  
          Asian 12.2   9.1   *   *   12.8   9.5  
          Two or More Races 38.4   39.6   *   *   38.6   40.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 18.7   19.5   6.8   7.2   19.3   20.2  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   22.0   23.7   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   15.5   12.9   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   17.3   13.7   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.73A Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 31,647   31,824   238   300   31,246   31,376  
AGE            
     15-17 1,717   1,699   14   10   1,694   1,672  
     18-25 8,722 8,963   100   88   8,577   8,826  
     26-44 21,208   21,163   124 202   20,975   20,879  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 28,113   28,192   194 266   27,783   27,801  
          White 23,042   23,095   154   204   22,802   22,790  
          Black or African American 3,384   3,453   19 43   3,336   3,388  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 194   170   *   *   186   169  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 78   *   *   *   77   *  
          Asian 1,063   994   *   *   1,036   983  
          Two or More Races 352   400   *   *   346   397  
     Hispanic or Latino 3,534   3,632   44   34   3,464   3,575  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   138   147   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   59   84   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   35   61   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.73B Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 51.3   51.4   9.8   12.1   53.0   53.1  
AGE            
     15-17 28.5   27.6   14.5   13.9   28.7   27.7  
     18-25 55.7   55.7   10.5   9.7   58.7   58.5  
     26-44 53.0   53.4   8.9 13.5   54.6   55.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 53.7   54.1   10.1 13.4   55.3   55.7  
          White 57.8   58.9   10.8   13.8   59.6   60.7  
          Black or African American 41.0   40.5   6.4 13.4   42.2   41.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 49.8   44.3   *   *   51.7   45.0  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 40.9   *   *   *   42.1   *  
          Asian 34.9   31.2   *   *   36.0   32.4  
          Two or More Races 53.3   60.5   *   *   55.6   61.8  
     Hispanic or Latino 37.9   37.4   8.6   6.8   39.6   39.1  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   19.6   20.6   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   6.1   10.2   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   4.7   6.7   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.74A Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 13,849   13,939   99   96   13,676   13,782  
AGE            
     15-17 999   1,023   7   6   985   1,003  
     18-25 4,968   5,162   46   45   4,893   5,089  
     26-44 7,882   7,754   46   45   7,798   7,690  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12,194   12,178   84   78   12,050   12,051  
          White 10,065   10,002   57   47   9,975   9,915  
          Black or African American 1,513   1,485   9 28   1,481   1,447  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 134   121   *   *   126   120  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 274   345   *   *   263   344  
          Two or More Races 156   179   *   *   154   177  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,655   1,761   15   19   1,626   1,732  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   77   54   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   13   21   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   5   15   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

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Table 7.74B Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 22.4   22.5   4.1   3.9   23.2   23.3  
AGE            
     15-17 16.6   16.6   7.0   8.4   16.7   16.6  
     18-25 31.7   32.1   4.8   4.9   33.5   33.8  
     26-44 19.7   19.6   3.3   3.0   20.3   20.3  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 23.3   23.3   4.4   3.9   24.0   24.1  
          White 25.3   25.5   4.0   3.2   26.1   26.4  
          Black or African American 18.3   17.4   3.0 8.8   18.7   17.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 34.3   31.6   *   *   35.1   32.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.0   10.8   *   *   9.1   11.3  
          Two or More Races 23.7   27.1   *   *   24.7   27.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 17.8   18.1   2.9   3.7   18.6   18.9  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   10.9   7.5   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   1.4   2.6   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   0.7   1.6   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.75A Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 3,166   3,158   16   18   3,140   3,132  
AGE            
     15-17 218   216   0   2   216   211  
     18-25 1,380   1,418   7   7   1,365   1,408  
     26-44 1,568   1,524   9   9   1,559   1,513  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,945   2,904   15   13   2,924   2,883  
          White 2,568   2,552   11   12   2,553   2,533  
          Black or African American 237   235   1   1   233   234  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 27   21   *   *   25   21  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12   10   *   *   11   10  
          Asian 66   40   *   *   66   40  
          Two or More Races 36   45   *   *   35   44  
     Hispanic or Latino 221   254   1   *   217   249  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   12   12   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   *   6   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   1   1   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60410

Table 7.75B Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002-2003 and 2004-2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005 2002-2003 2004-2005
TOTAL 5.1   5.1   0.7   0.7   5.3   5.3  
AGE            
     15-17 3.6   3.5   0.1   2.9   3.7   3.5  
     18-25 8.8   8.8   0.7   0.8   9.3   9.3  
     26-44 3.9   3.8   0.6   0.6   4.1   4.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.6   5.6   0.8   0.7   5.8   5.8  
          White 6.4   6.5   0.8   0.8   6.7   6.8  
          Black or African American 2.9   2.8   0.5   0.3   2.9   2.9  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.8   5.6   *   *   7.0   5.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 6.2   4.7   *   *   6.1   4.7  
          Asian 2.2   1.3   *   *   2.3   1.3  
          Two or More Races 5.4   6.8   *   *   5.6   6.9  
     Hispanic or Latino 2.4   2.6   0.2   *   2.5   2.7  
TRIMESTER2            
     First N/A   N/A   1.6   1.7   N/A   N/A  
     Second N/A   N/A   *   0.7   N/A   N/A  
     Third N/A   N/A   0.1   0.1   N/A   N/A  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005.

60411

Table 7.76A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 4,433   4,539   1,626   1,726   2,807   2,813  
     Marijuana and Hashish 3,709   3,808   1,395   1,479   2,315   2,329  
     Cocaine 482   541   155   185   327   355  
          Crack 57   81   9   8   48   73  
     Heroin 31   39   8   7   23   32  
     Hallucinogens 355   396   122   153   233   243  
          LSD 66   52   15   13   51   39  
          PCP 17   11   4   2   13   9  
          Ecstasy 157   199   42   70   115   128  
     Inhalants 109   117   49   46   60   71  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 1,425   1,393   457   495   968   898  
          Pain Relievers 1,090   1,040   332   342   758   697  
               OxyContin® 112   102   40   30   72   73  
          Tranquilizers 401   428   111   144   290   284  
          Stimulants 366   319   147   146   219   173  
               Methamphetamine 137   140   12 42   125   98  
          Sedatives 37   44   13   12   24   32  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,884   1,954   602   693   1,282   1,261  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.76B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 21.5   21.6   20.2   21.2   22.3   21.8  
     Marijuana and Hashish 18.0   18.1   17.3   18.2   18.4   18.1  
     Cocaine 2.3   2.6   1.9   2.3   2.6   2.8  
          Crack 0.3   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.4   0.6  
     Heroin 0.1   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.3  
     Hallucinogens 1.7   1.9   1.5   1.9   1.9   1.9  
          LSD 0.3   0.2   0.2   0.2   0.4   0.3  
          PCP 0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.1   0.1  
          Ecstasy 0.8   0.9   0.5   0.9   0.9   1.0  
     Inhalants 0.5   0.6   0.6   0.6   0.5   0.6  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 6.9   6.6   5.7   6.1   7.7   7.0  
          Pain Relievers 5.3   4.9   4.1   4.2   6.0   5.4  
               OxyContin® 0.5   0.5   0.5   0.4   0.6   0.6  
          Tranquilizers 1.9   2.0   1.4   1.8   2.3   2.2  
          Stimulants 1.8   1.5   1.8   1.8   1.7   1.3  
               Methamphetamine 0.7   0.7   0.2 0.5   1.0   0.8  
          Sedatives 0.2   0.2   0.2   0.2   0.2   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 9.1   9.3   7.5   8.5   10.2   9.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.77A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 2,646   2,791   884   1,000   1,761   1,791  
     Marijuana and Hashish 2,306   2,435   804   889   1,503   1,547  
     Cocaine 288   304   93   97   194   207  
          Crack 34   37   5   2   30   35  
     Heroin 20   18   5   5   15   13  
     Hallucinogens 250   264   85   105   164   158  
          LSD 55   32   10   11   45   21  
          PCP 14   10   3   2   12   8  
          Ecstasy 97   115   22   44   75   71  
     Inhalants 79   77   37   25   42   52  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 750   796   218   252   532   544  
          Pain Relievers 576   609   151   169   425   441  
               OxyContin® 60   68   23   19   38   49  
          Tranquilizers 196   224   55   76   141   149  
          Stimulants 176   155   79   68   97   87  
               Methamphetamine 67   78   6   27   61   51  
          Sedatives 18   23   7   5   11   19  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,064   1,137   313   373   750   764  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.77B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 25.2   26.1   23.6   26.3   26.1   26.0  
     Marijuana and Hashish 21.9   22.8   21.5   23.4   22.2   22.5  
     Cocaine 2.7   2.8   2.5   2.6   2.9   3.0  
          Crack 0.3   0.3   0.1   0.0   0.4   0.5  
     Heroin 0.2   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.2  
     Hallucinogens 2.4   2.5   2.3   2.8   2.4   2.3  
          LSD 0.5   0.3   0.3   0.3   0.7   0.3  
          PCP 0.1   0.1   0.1   0.0   0.2   0.1  
          Ecstasy 0.9   1.1   0.6   1.1   1.1   1.0  
     Inhalants 0.8   0.7   1.0   0.7   0.6   0.8  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 7.1   7.4   5.8   6.6   7.9   7.9  
          Pain Relievers 5.5   5.7   4.0   4.4   6.3   6.4  
               OxyContin® 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.5   0.6   0.7  
          Tranquilizers 1.9   2.1   1.5   2.0   2.1   2.2  
          Stimulants 1.7   1.4   2.1   1.8   1.4   1.3  
               Methamphetamine 0.6   0.7   0.2   0.7   0.9   0.7  
          Sedatives 0.2   0.2   0.2   0.1   0.2   0.3  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 10.1   10.6   8.4   9.8   11.1   11.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.78A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 1,788   1,748   741   726   1,046   1,022  
     Marijuana and Hashish 1,403   1,373   591   591   812   782  
     Cocaine 195   237   62   88   133   149  
          Crack 23   44   4   6   19   38  
     Heroin 11   21   3   2   7   19  
     Hallucinogens 105   132   36   47   69   85  
          LSD 11   21   5   2   6   18  
          PCP 2   1   1   *   2   1  
          Ecstasy 60   84   20   27   40   57  
     Inhalants 30   40   12   21   18   19  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 675   597   239   243   436   354  
          Pain Relievers 514   430   181   174   333 257  
               OxyContin® 52   34   17   10   34   24  
          Tranquilizers 204   204   55   69   149   135  
          Stimulants 189   165   67   79   122   86  
               Methamphetamine 70   62   6   15   64   47  
          Sedatives 18   21   6   7   12   13  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 821   817   289   320   532   497  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.78B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 17.7   16.9   17.2   16.8   18.0   17.0  
     Marijuana and Hashish 13.9   13.3   13.7   13.7   14.0   13.0  
     Cocaine 1.9   2.3   1.4   2.0   2.3   2.5  
          Crack 0.2   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.3   0.6  
     Heroin 0.1   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.3  
     Hallucinogens 1.0   1.3   0.8   1.1   1.2   1.4  
          LSD 0.1   0.2   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.3  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.0   *   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.6   0.8   0.5   0.6   0.7   1.0  
     Inhalants 0.3   0.4   0.3   0.5   0.3   0.3  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 6.7   5.8   5.5   5.6   7.5 5.9  
          Pain Relievers 5.1a   4.2   4.2   4.0   5.7 4.3  
               OxyContin® 0.5   0.3   0.4   0.2   0.6   0.4  
          Tranquilizers 2.0   2.0   1.3   1.6   2.6   2.2  
          Stimulants 1.9   1.6   1.6   1.8   2.1   1.4  
               Methamphetamine 0.7   0.6   0.1   0.3   1.1   0.8  
          Sedatives 0.2   0.2   0.1   0.2   0.2   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 8.1   7.9   6.7   7.4   9.2   8.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.79A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4,433   4,539   1,626   1,726   2,807   2,813  
AGE            
     18 974   934   309   298   665   637  
     19 897   970   388   410   509   560  
     20 851   990   362   426   489   564  
     21 885   832   328   347   558   485  
     22 826   813   239   244   587   569  
GENDER            
     Male 2,646   2,791   884   1,000   1,761   1,791  
     Female 1,788   1,748   741   726   1,046   1,022  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,830   3,902   1,463   1,546   2,367   2,356  
          White 3,075   3,145   1,228   1,314   1,847   1,831  
          Black or African American 532   556   154   144   378   411  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   33   *   *   *   29  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 84   77   55   55   28   22  
          Two or More Races 82   74   18   *   63   44  
     Hispanic or Latino 603   637   162   180   441   458  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.79B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 21.5   21.6   20.2   21.2   22.3   21.8  
AGE            
     18 21.2   20.5   19.2   20.0   22.3   20.7  
     19 22.8   22.6   20.1   20.4   25.3   24.5  
     20 21.3   24.1   20.3   22.5   22.1   25.6  
     21 21.7   20.7   20.4   21.4   22.6   20.2  
     22 20.5   20.0   21.1   21.9   20.3   19.3  
GENDER            
     Male 25.2   26.1   23.6   26.3   26.1   26.0  
     Female 17.7   16.9   17.2   16.8   18.0   17.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22.5   22.5   20.3   21.2   24.1   23.4  
          White 23.8   24.2   22.1   23.3   25.2   24.9  
          Black or African American 19.1   19.1   16.7   16.2   20.3   20.4  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   25.0   *   *   *   30.4  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 9.5   8.0   9.2   9.2   10.2   6.1  
          Two or More Races 33.3   30.8   25.4   *   36.5   31.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 16.7   17.2   19.2   21.4   16.0   16.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.80A Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,709   3,808   1,395   1,479   2,315   2,329  
AGE            
     18 790   797   256   255   534   541  
     19 748   805   343   355   405   450  
     20 744   854   321   365   423   489  
     21 736   662   274   290   463   372  
     22 692   691   201   214   490   477  
GENDER            
     Male 2,306   2,435   804   889   1,503   1,547  
     Female 1,403   1,373   591   591   812   782  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,280   3,301   1,261   1,323   2,019   1,978  
          White 2,627   2,636   1,066   1,120   1,561   1,516  
          Black or African American 468   499   137   130   331   369  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 57   60   36   43   21   17  
          Two or More Races 73   62   15   *   58   36  
     Hispanic or Latino 429   507   133   157   296   351  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.80B Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18.0   18.1   17.3   18.2   18.4   18.1  
AGE            
     18 17.2   17.4   15.9   17.2   17.9   17.6  
     19 19.0   18.7   17.8   17.6   20.1   19.7  
     20 18.6   20.8   18.0   19.3   19.1   22.2  
     21 18.0   16.5   17.0   17.9   18.7   15.5  
     22 17.2   17.0   17.8   19.2   17.0   16.2  
GENDER            
     Male 21.9   22.8   21.5   23.4   22.2   22.5  
     Female 13.9   13.3   13.7   13.7   14.0   13.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 19.3   19.0   17.5   18.1   20.6   19.7  
          White 20.4   20.3   19.2   19.8   21.3   20.6  
          Black or African American 16.8   17.2   14.8   14.6   17.8   18.3  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 6.5   6.2   6.1   7.3   7.4   4.6  
          Two or More Races 29.9   25.8   20.6   *   33.7   25.0  
     Hispanic or Latino 11.9   13.7   15.7   18.6   10.7   12.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.81A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 9,151   9,212   2,962   3,086   6,188   6,124  
     Cigarettes 8,074   7,999   2,458   2,486   5,616   5,512  
     Smokeless Tobacco 1,044   1,129   430   403   614a   726  
     Cigars 2,870   2,771   961   1,045   1,909   1,726  
     Pipe Tobacco 301   373   99   134   201   239  
ALCOHOL 12,025   12,100   5,025   5,235   6,999   6,863  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 8,451   8,581   3,497   3,640   4,954   4,940  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 3,200   3,256   1,502   1,583   1,698   1,673  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.81B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 44.4   43.8   36.8   38.0   49.3   47.5  
     Cigarettes 39.2   38.0   30.5   30.6   44.7   42.7  
     Smokeless Tobacco 5.1   5.4   5.3   5.0   4.9   5.6  
     Cigars 13.9   13.2   11.9   12.8   15.2b   13.4  
     Pipe Tobacco 1.5   1.8   1.2   1.6   1.6   1.8  
ALCOHOL 58.3   57.5   62.4   64.4   55.7a   53.2  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 41.0   40.8   43.4   44.8   39.4   38.3  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 15.5   15.5   18.6   19.5   13.5   13.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.82A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 5,399   5,450   1,646   1,766   3,753   3,682  
     Cigarettes 4,512   4,441   1,233   1,271   3,279   3,168  
     Smokeless Tobacco 1,003   1,068   416   377   587   692  
     Cigars 2,228   2,151   723   790   1,505   1,361  
     Pipe Tobacco 263   287   96   90   167   197  
ALCOHOL 6,521   6,601   2,441   2,570   4,079   4,029  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 5,154   5,262   1,924   2,004   3,230   3,256  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 2,229   2,243   978   1,026   1,251   1,217  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.82B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 51.4   51.0   43.9   46.4   55.5   53.5  
     Cigarettes 42.9   41.5   32.9   33.4   48.5   46.0  
     Smokeless Tobacco 9.5   10.0   11.1   9.9   8.7   10.1  
     Cigars 21.2   20.1   19.3   20.8   22.3a   19.8  
     Pipe Tobacco 2.5   2.7   2.6   2.4   2.5   2.9  
ALCOHOL 62.1   61.7   65.1   67.6   60.3   58.6  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 49.0   49.2   51.4   52.7   47.8   47.3  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 21.2   21.0   26.1   27.0   18.5   17.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.83A Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 3,752   3,762   1,316   1,320   2,436   2,442  
     Cigarettes 3,562   3,558   1,225   1,214   2,337   2,344  
     Smokeless Tobacco 41   61   14   27   27   35  
     Cigars 642   620   237   255   404   365  
     Pipe Tobacco 37 85   3 44   34   41  
ALCOHOL 5,504   5,499   2,584   2,665   2,920   2,834  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 3,296   3,320   1,573   1,636   1,723   1,683  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 971   1,012   524   557   446   456  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.83B Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 37.1   36.4   30.5   30.5   42.0   40.6  
     Cigarettes 35.2   34.4   28.4   28.1   40.3   39.0  
     Smokeless Tobacco 0.4   0.6   0.3   0.6   0.5   0.6  
     Cigars 6.3   6.0   5.5   5.9   7.0   6.1  
     Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.8   0.1 1.0   0.6   0.7  
ALCOHOL 54.4   53.2   59.9   61.6   50.3a   47.1  
     Binge Alcohol Use4 32.6   32.1   36.5   37.8   29.7   28.0  
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 9.6   9.8   12.2   12.9   7.7   7.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.84A Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8,074   7,999   2,458   2,486   5,616   5,512  
AGE            
     18 1,597   1,462   436   413   1,161   1,047  
     19 1,464   1,534   513   490   951   1,044  
     20 1,608   1,633   600   613   1,008   1,020  
     21 1,680   1,673   523   590   1,157   1,083  
     22 1,725   1,697   387   380   1,338   1,317  
GENDER            
     Male 4,512   4,441   1,233   1,271   3,279   3,168  
     Female 3,562   3,558   1,225   1,214   2,337   2,344  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 6,892   6,822   2,217   2,210   4,675   4,611  
          White 5,758   5,665   1,939   1,933   3,820   3,730  
          Black or African American 762   756   145   130   617   627  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 54   63   *   *   48   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 183   209   104   106   79   103  
          Two or More Races 106   97   17   *   88   65  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,182   1,177   242   276   941   901  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.84B Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 39.2   38.0   30.5   30.6   44.7   42.7  
AGE            
     18 34.8   32.0   27.1   27.8   38.9 34.0  
     19 37.2   35.7   26.6   24.4   47.3   45.7  
     20 40.3   39.8   33.7   32.3   45.6   46.3  
     21 41.2   41.6   32.5   36.3   46.8   45.2  
     22 42.9   41.8   34.1   34.0   46.4   44.8  
GENDER            
     Male 42.9   41.5   32.9   33.4   48.5   46.0  
     Female 35.2   34.4   28.4   28.1   40.3   39.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 40.5   39.3   30.7   30.3   47.7   45.9  
          White 44.6   43.5   34.9   34.2   52.0   50.6  
          Black or African American 27.4   26.0   15.7   14.5   33.2   31.1  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 44.1   48.2   *   *   53.4   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 20.8   21.7   17.3   17.9   28.2   27.9  
          Two or More Races 43.1   40.6   24.3   *   51.0   45.6  
     Hispanic or Latino 32.8   31.8   28.5   32.9   34.1   31.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.85A Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 12,025   12,100   5,025   5,235   6,999   6,863  
AGE            
     18 2,130   2,026   852   777   1,278   1,247  
     19 2,027   2,235   1,037   1,167   990   1,067  
     20 2,246   2,367   1,108   1,223   1,139   1,144  
     21 2,846   2,788   1,189   1,233   1,657   1,555  
     22 2,776   2,684   840   835   1,934   1,850  
GENDER            
     Male 6,521   6,601   2,441   2,570   4,079   4,029  
     Female 5,504   5,499   2,584   2,665   2,920   2,834  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10,303   10,326   4,576   4,745   5,726   5,579  
          White 8,467   8,491   3,858   4,009   4,607   4,480  
          Black or African American 1,244   1,204   434   402   810   802  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   62   *   *   49   51  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 336   403   222   260   114   143  
          Two or More Races 158   135   *   *   119   82  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,722   1,774   449   490   1,273   1,284  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.85B Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 58.3   57.5   62.4   64.4   55.7 53.2  
AGE            
     18 46.3   44.4   52.9   52.2   42.8   40.5  
     19 51.5   52.1   53.8   58.1   49.3   46.7  
     20 56.3   57.6   62.2   64.5   51.5   51.9  
     21 69.8   69.4   73.9   76.0   67.1   64.9  
     22 69.1   66.2   74.1   74.8   67.1 62.9  
GENDER            
     Male 62.1   61.7   65.1   67.6   60.3   58.6  
     Female 54.4   53.2   59.9   61.6   50.3 47.1  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 60.5   59.6   63.5   65.1   58.4 55.5  
          White 65.6   65.2   69.4   71.0   62.7   60.8  
          Black or African American 44.7   41.4   47.0   45.1   43.6   39.8  
          American Indian or Alaska Native *   47.4   *   *   55.1   53.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 38.2   41.9   37.1   43.8   40.7   38.9  
          Two or More Races 64.5   56.4   *   *   69.0   57.2  
     Hispanic or Latino 47.8   47.9   53.0   58.3   46.2   45.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.86A Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8,451   8,581   3,497   3,640   4,954   4,940  
AGE            
     18 1,522   1,408   594   528   928   879  
     19 1,472   1,636   738   816   734   820  
     20 1,610   1,640   806   833   804   807  
     21 1,965   2,006   813   896   1,152   1,110  
     22 1,882   1,891   546   567   1,335   1,324  
GENDER            
     Male 5,154   5,262   1,924   2,004   3,230   3,256  
     Female 3,296   3,320   1,573   1,636   1,723   1,683  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,190   7,284   3,181   3,319   4,008   3,964  
          White 6,178   6,243   2,837   2,939   3,341   3,302  
          Black or African American 652   638   194   174   458   464  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 47   51   *   *   41   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 178   234   105   156   *   78  
          Two or More Races 109   99   *   *   78   61  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,261   1,297   316   321   945   976  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.86B Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 41.0   40.8   43.4   44.8   39.4   38.3  
AGE            
     18 33.1   30.8   36.9   35.5   31.1   28.5  
     19 37.4   38.1   38.3   40.6   36.5   35.9  
     20 40.3   39.9   45.3   43.9   36.4   36.6  
     21 48.2   49.9   50.6   55.2   46.6   46.4  
     22 46.8   46.6   48.2   50.8   46.3   45.0  
GENDER            
     Male 49.0   49.2   51.4   52.7   47.8   47.3  
     Female 32.6   32.1   36.5   37.8   29.7   28.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 42.3   42.0   44.1   45.5   40.9   39.5  
          White 47.9   48.0   51.1   52.0   45.5   44.8  
          Black or African American 23.4   21.9   21.0   19.5   24.6   23.0  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 38.0   38.7   *   *   45.2   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 20.2   24.3   17.5   26.3   *   21.1  
          Two or More Races 44.3   41.3   *   *   45.3   42.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 35.0   35.0   37.3   38.2   34.3   34.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.87A Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3,200   3,256   1,502   1,583   1,698   1,673  
AGE            
     18 507   486   213   225   295   260  
     19 548   601   310   367   238   235  
     20 649   597   377   332   271   266  
     21 781   794   357   403   425   391  
     22 715   777   246   256   469   521  
GENDER            
     Male 2,229   2,243   978   1,026   1,251   1,217  
     Female 971   1,012   524   557   446   456  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,870   2,886   1,411   1,470   1,459   1,416  
          White 2,602   2,615   1,315   1,357   1,287   1,259  
          Black or African American 146   136   48   42   98   94  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 13   *   *   *   10   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 50   69   32   50   18   19  
          Two or More Races 49   38   *   *   *   20  
     Hispanic or Latino 331   370   92   113   239   257  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60411

Table 7.87B Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18-222
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 15.5   15.5   18.6   19.5   13.5   13.0  
AGE            
     18 11.0   10.6   13.2   15.2   9.9   8.5  
     19 13.9   14.0   16.1   18.2   11.8   10.3  
     20 16.3   14.5   21.2   17.5   12.3   12.1  
     21 19.2   19.8   22.2   24.8   17.2   16.3  
     22 17.8   19.2   21.7   22.9   16.3   17.7  
GENDER            
     Male 21.2   21.0   26.1   27.0   18.5   17.7  
     Female 9.6   9.8   12.2   12.9   7.7   7.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16.9   16.6   19.6   20.2   14.9   14.1  
          White 20.2   20.1   23.7   24.0   17.5   17.1  
          Black or African American 5.2   4.7   5.2   4.8   5.3   4.6  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.3   *   *   *   11.2   *  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 5.7   7.1   5.3   8.4   6.4   5.1  
          Two or More Races 19.8   15.8   *   *   *   14.3  
     Hispanic or Latino 9.2   10.0   10.8   13.4   8.7   9.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.88A Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,647   10,502   32,492   31,705   34,785   34,176  
12 6   4   4   3   7   6  
13 18   14   12   22   21   27  
14 37   29   44   33   61   42  
15 99   81   105   80   129   97  
16 270   219   278   222   378   310  
17 482   447   556 473   681   622  
18 625   591   741   736   930   893  
19 612   638   857   868   986   1,038  
20 577   640   928   960   1,046   1,119  
21 614   574   1,201   1,118   1,324   1,241  
22 574   624   1,201   1,181   1,327   1,282  
23 449   532   1,053 1,218   1,120 1,306  
24 437   397   1,063   944   1,139   1,021  
25 395   369   1,027   985   1,094   1,038  
26-29 1,418   1,189   3,698   3,508   3,914   3,763  
30-34 991   1,035   3,616   3,368   3,782   3,622  
35-39 868   798   3,549   3,335   3,769   3,579  
40-44 963   921   4,235   3,947   4,457   4,163  
45-49 631   674   3,153   3,028   3,311   3,145  
50-54 407   464   2,285   2,515   2,369   2,600  
55-59 125   185   1,337   1,476   1,391   1,527  
60-64 5   28   710   653   710   653  
65 or Older 43   50   840   1,032   840   1,082  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.88B Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4.4   4.3   13.5   13.0   14.5   14.1  
12 0.2   0.1   0.1   0.1   0.2   0.1  
13 0.4   0.3   0.3   0.5   0.5   0.6  
14 0.8   0.7   1.0   0.8   1.4   1.0  
15 2.3   1.9   2.4   1.8   3.0   2.2  
16 6.6 5.1   6.8 5.2   9.2 7.2  
17 11.9   10.9   13.7 11.5   16.7   15.1  
18 13.6   12.9   16.1   16.1   20.2   19.6  
19 15.5   14.9   21.8   20.2   25.0   24.2  
20 14.5   15.6   23.3   23.4   26.2   27.2  
21 15.1   14.3   29.4   27.8   32.4   30.9  
22 14.3   15.4   29.9   29.1   33.0   31.6  
23 11.4   13.7   26.8 31.3   28.5 33.6  
24 10.8   10.7   26.3   25.4   28.1   27.5  
25 11.0   9.6   28.5   25.6   30.4 27.0  
26-29 9.2   7.7   24.1   22.6   25.5   24.2  
30-34 5.0   5.4   18.4   17.4   19.3   18.7  
35-39 4.1   4.0   16.9   16.7   18.0   17.9  
40-44 4.2   3.9   18.7   16.9   19.7   17.8  
45-49 2.9   3.1   14.7   13.8   15.4   14.3  
50-54 2.1   2.4   11.8   12.8   12.2   13.2  
55-59 0.8   1.1   8.2   8.6   8.5   8.9  
60-64 0.0   0.2   5.7   4.9   5.7   4.9  
65 or Older 0.1   0.1   2.4   2.9   2.4   3.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.89A Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10,647   10,502   32,492   31,705   34,785   34,176  
AGE            
     12-17 912 795   998 833   1,276 1,103  
     18-25 4,284   4,364   8,071   8,010   8,965   8,938  
     26 or Older 5,451   5,343   23,422   22,862   24,544   24,135  
GENDER            
     Male 7,241   7,056   20,861   20,181   22,308   21,677  
     Female 3,406   3,446   11,631   11,524   12,477   12,499  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9,599   9,514   29,419   28,799   31,517   31,063  
          White 8,102   7,927   25,745   25,330   27,518   27,141  
          Black or African American 963   1,148   2,455   2,148   2,628   2,440  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 84   110   170   191   192   227  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   34   *   133   *   146  
          Asian 164   122   629   709   686   752  
          Two or More Races 186   174   293   288   339   357  
     Hispanic or Latino 1,048   988   3,073   2,905   3,268   3,113  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.89B Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4.4   4.3   13.5   13.0   14.5   14.1  
AGE            
     12-17 3.6 3.1   4.0 3.3   5.1 4.3  
     18-25 13.3   13.4   25.1   24.7   27.8   27.5  
     26 or Older 3.0   2.9   12.8   12.3   13.4   13.0  
GENDER            
     Male 6.2   6.0   17.9   17.1   19.2   18.4  
     Female 2.7   2.8   9.4   9.2   10.1   10.0  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4.6   4.5   14.0   13.6   15.0   14.7  
          White 4.9   4.7   15.4   15.1   16.5   16.2  
          Black or African American 3.4   4.0   8.8   7.5   9.4   8.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.5   8.7   13.1   15.1   14.8   17.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   4.8   *   18.8   *   20.7  
          Asian 1.6   1.2   6.3   7.0   6.9   7.4  
          Two or More Races 7.3   6.7   11.4   11.0   13.3   13.7  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.4   3.1   9.9   9.0   10.5   9.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.90A Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 9,735   9,707   31,493   30,872   33,509   33,073  
GENDER            
     Male 6,720   6,597   20,297   19,735   21,588   21,067  
     Female 3,014   3,110   11,197   11,137   11,921   12,006  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8,820   8,839   28,579   28,091   30,422   30,121  
          White 7,441   7,350   25,005   24,700   26,571   26,319  
          Black or African American 896   1,077   2,389   2,097   2,542   2,353  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 75   102   164   184   180   217  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   32   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 149   120   617   704   668   747  
          Two or More Races 160   158   278   274   307   340  
     Hispanic or Latino 914   868   2,914   2,780   3,086   2,952  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 1,632   1,575   3,295 2,729   3,636   3,267  
     High School Graduate 3,085   3,232   8,394   8,262   9,101   9,078  
     Some College 3,088   3,136   9,245   9,516   9,890   10,101  
     College Graduate 1,929   1,765   10,560   10,365   10,882   10,627  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 5,825   5,880   22,568   21,886   23,551   23,065  
     Part-Time 1,748   1,877   4,280   4,521   4,673   4,918  
     Unemployed 826   714   1,341   1,106   1,524   1,308  
     Other1 1,335   1,236   3,305   3,359   3,761   3,783  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.90B Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4.5   4.5   14.6   14.2   15.6   15.2  
GENDER            
     Male 6.5   6.3   19.6   18.8   20.8   20.1  
     Female 2.7   2.8   10.0   9.9   10.7   10.6  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4.7   4.6   15.2   14.8   16.1   15.8  
          White 4.9   4.8   16.5   16.2   17.5   17.3  
          Black or African American 3.7   4.4   9.9   8.5   10.5   9.5  
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.6   9.2   14.5   16.7   15.9   19.7  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   5.2   *   *   *   *  
          Asian 1.7   1.3   6.9   7.8   7.5   8.2  
          Two or More Races 7.5   7.2   13.1   12.4   14.5   15.4  
     Hispanic or Latino 3.4   3.1   10.9   10.0   11.5   10.6  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 4.5   4.4   9.0 7.6   10.0   9.2  
     High School Graduate 4.5   4.7   12.3   12.1   13.4   13.2  
     Some College 5.6   5.7   16.9   17.2   18.1   18.3  
     College Graduate 3.4   3.0   18.9   17.7   19.5   18.2  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
     Full-Time 4.9   4.9   19.0   18.2   19.8   19.1  
     Part-Time 6.3   6.6   15.5   15.9   17.0   17.3  
     Unemployed 11.2   9.4   18.2 14.5   20.7   17.2  
     Other1 2.2   2.0   5.4   5.5   6.1   6.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.91A Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 9,735   9,707   31,493   30,872   33,509   33,073  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 1,655   1,752   5,693   5,529   6,082   5,877  
          New England 529   566   1,856   1,847   1,956   1,956  
          Middle Atlantic 1,126   1,186   3,836   3,682   4,126   3,921  
     Midwest 2,308   2,302   8,979   8,663   9,395   9,108  
          East North Central 1,654   1,562   5,972   5,824   6,276   6,142  
          West North Central 654   740   3,006   2,839   3,120   2,966  
     South 3,386   3,195   10,173   10,223   10,769   10,939  
          South Atlantic 1,837   1,763   5,091   5,477   5,439   5,933  
          East South Central 595   485   1,548   1,530   1,642   1,644  
          West South Central 954   947   3,534   3,216   3,688   3,362  
     West 2,385   2,459   6,649   6,457   7,263   7,150  
          Mountain 723   717   2,147   2,051   2,305   2,235  
          Pacific 1,662   1,743   4,502   4,406   4,958   4,915  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 5,003   5,319   17,155   16,244   18,128   17,450  
     Small Metro 3,405   3,092   10,027   9,978   10,750   10,691  
          250K – 1 Mil. Pop. 2,309   2,114   6,599   6,757   7,098   7,275  
          < 250K Pop. 1,096   978   3,428   3,221   3,652   3,416  
     Nonmetro 1,327   1,297   4,312   4,649   4,631   4,933  
          Urbanized 711   597   1,997   1,990   2,160   2,134  
          Less Urbanized 500   577   1,876   2,185   2,018   2,290  
          Completely Rural 116   123   438   474   453   510  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60414

Table 7.91B Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Illicit Drugs Alcohol Illicit Drugs or Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 4.5   4.5   14.6   14.2   15.6   15.2  
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
     Northeast 4.0   4.3   13.9   13.5   14.8   14.3  
          New England 4.9   5.2   17.2   17.1   18.2   18.1  
          Middle Atlantic 3.7   3.9   12.7   12.2   13.7   12.9  
     Midwest 4.8   4.7   18.5   17.7   19.4   18.6  
          East North Central 4.9   4.6   17.6   17.1   18.5   18.0  
          West North Central 4.5   5.0   20.6   19.2   21.4   20.1  
     South 4.4   4.1   13.2   13.0   14.0   13.9  
          South Atlantic 4.5   4.3   12.5   13.2   13.4   14.3  
          East South Central 4.6   3.7   12.0   11.7   12.7   12.6  
          West South Central 4.0   3.9   15.0   13.4   15.6   14.0  
     West 4.9   5.0   13.7   13.1   14.9   14.5  
          Mountain 5.1   4.9   15.1   14.0   16.2   15.2  
          Pacific 4.8   5.0   13.1   12.7   14.4   14.2  
COUNTY TYPE            
     Large Metro 4.4   4.5   14.9   13.8   15.8   14.9  
     Small Metro 5.3   4.8   15.7   15.6   16.8   16.7  
          250K – 1 Mil. Pop. 5.5   5.0   15.7   15.9   16.9   17.1  
          < 250K Pop. 5.0   4.5   15.6   15.0   16.7   15.9  
     Nonmetro 3.7   3.6   11.9   12.8   12.7   13.6  
          Urbanized 4.7   4.3   13.3   14.4   14.4   15.5  
          Less Urbanized 2.8   3.2   10.3   12.0   11.1   12.5  
          Completely Rural 3.6   2.9   13.7   11.1   14.2   12.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.92A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 16,397   17,209   1,239   1,367   15,127   15,767  
     Marijuana and Hashish 12,667   12,896   982   1,061   11,665   11,777  
     Cocaine 1,895   2,255   294   326   1,599   1,913  
          Crack 451   657   115   116   336 541  
     Heroin 151   121   64 16   76   96  
     Hallucinogens 719   883   99   161   614   710  
          LSD 103   72   15   11   88   56  
          PCP 37   31   5   13   33   14  
          Ecstasy 373   428   62   90   310   336  
     Inhalants 325   298   30   20   293   276  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 5,093   5,567   450   413   4,629   5,134  
          Pain Relievers 3,653   3,972   327   320   3,315   3,641  
               OxyContin® 260   299   39   41   220   255  
          Tranquilizers 1,455   1,657   130   124   1,321   1,518  
          Stimulants 1,011   896   109   98   897   793  
               Methamphetamine 526   446   82   78   442   364  
          Sedatives 239   245   20   10   218   235  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 6,920 7,710   699   678   6,194 7,005  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.92B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 7.6   7.9   26.2   29.2   7.2   7.4  
     Marijuana and Hashish 5.9   5.9   20.8   22.7   5.6   5.5  
     Cocaine 0.9   1.0   6.2   6.9   0.8   0.9  
          Crack 0.2   0.3   2.4   2.5   0.2 0.3  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   1.3 0.3   0.0   0.0  
     Hallucinogens 0.3   0.4   2.1   3.4   0.3   0.3  
          LSD 0.0   0.0   0.3   0.2   0.0   0.0  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.1   0.3   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.2   0.2   1.3   1.9   0.1   0.2  
     Inhalants 0.2   0.1   0.6   0.4   0.1   0.1  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 2.4   2.6   9.5   8.8   2.2   2.4  
          Pain Relievers 1.7   1.8   6.9   6.8   1.6   1.7  
               OxyContin® 0.1   0.1   0.8   0.9   0.1   0.1  
          Tranquilizers 0.7   0.8   2.7   2.7   0.6   0.7  
          Stimulants 0.5   0.4   2.3   2.1   0.4   0.4  
               Methamphetamine 0.2   0.2   1.7   1.7   0.2   0.2  
          Sedatives 0.1   0.1   0.4   0.2   0.1   0.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 3.2   3.5   14.8   14.5   2.9 3.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.93A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 14,774   15,068   1,184   1,249   13,559   13,778  
     Marijuana and Hashish 11,585   11,508   944   981   10,620   10,503  
     Cocaine 1,770   2,032   294   324   1,474   1,692  
          Crack 403   558   115   115   288 443  
     Heroin 149   121   64 16   74   96  
     Hallucinogens 719   772   99   120   614   640  
          LSD 103   72   15   11   88   56  
          PCP 37   31   5   13   33   14  
          Ecstasy 373   422   62   84   310   336  
     Inhalants 285   255   30   20   253   233  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 4,641   4,828   433   399   4,194   4,409  
          Pain Relievers 3,349   3,455   309   312   3,029   3,133  
               OxyContin® 260   298   39   39   220   255  
          Tranquilizers 1,382   1,414   130   124   1,248   1,276  
          Stimulants 945   877   109   92   831   780  
               Methamphetamine 492   440   82   71   408   364  
          Sedatives 183   221   20   10   162   211  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 6,309   6,721   681   628   5,601   6,066  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.93B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS2 11.2   11.4   27.9   29.9   10.6   10.8  
     Marijuana and Hashish 8.8   8.7   22.3   23.5   8.3   8.2  
     Cocaine 1.3   1.5   6.9   7.8   1.2   1.3  
          Crack 0.3   0.4   2.7   2.7   0.2 0.3  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   1.5 0.4   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 0.5   0.6   2.3   2.9   0.5   0.5  
          LSD 0.1   0.1   0.3   0.3   0.1   0.0  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.1   0.3   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.3   0.3   1.5   2.0   0.2   0.3  
     Inhalants 0.2   0.2   0.7   0.5   0.2   0.2  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3 3.5   3.6   10.2   9.6   3.3   3.4  
          Pain Relievers 2.5   2.6   7.3   7.5   2.4   2.4  
               OxyContin® 0.2   0.2   0.9   0.9   0.2   0.2  
          Tranquilizers 1.0   1.1   3.1   3.0   1.0   1.0  
          Stimulants 0.7   0.7   2.6   2.2   0.7   0.6  
               Methamphetamine 0.4   0.3   1.9   1.7   0.3   0.3  
          Sedatives 0.1   0.2   0.5   0.2   0.1   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.8   5.1   16.1   15.0   4.4   4.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.94A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 16,397   17,209   1,239   1,367   15,127   15,767  
AGE            
     18-49 14,774   15,068   1,184   1,249   13,559   13,778  
          18-25 6,239   6,543   614   734   5,614   5,798  
          26-34 3,866   3,851   288   205   3,570   3,618  
          35-49 4,670   4,674   283   310   4,375   4,362  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 10,132   10,768   944   1,005   9,167   9,692  
          Male 18-49 9,206   9,425   889   887   8,296   8,502  
     Female 18 or Older 6,265   6,441   295   362   5,961   6,075  
          Female 18-49 5,568   5,643   295   362   5,263   5,276  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.94B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.6   7.9   26.2   29.2   7.2   7.4  
AGE            
     18-49 11.2   11.4   27.9   29.9   10.6   10.8  
          18-25 19.4   20.1   34.9   39.9   18.5   19.0  
          26-34 11.1   11.0   26.0   19.8   10.6   10.7  
          35-49 7.2   7.2   20.6   23.8   6.9   6.8  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 9.8   10.3   27.5   29.3   9.2   9.6  
          Male 18-49 14.0   14.3   28.8   30.0   13.3   13.6  
     Female 18 or Older 5.6   5.7   22.7   28.7   5.4   5.5  
          Female 18-49 8.3   8.4   25.6   29.8   8.0   8.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.95A Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,951   5,647   855   772   5,077   4,861  
AGE            
     18-49 5,544   5,197   846   752   4,679   4,431  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   407   436   2,269   2,288  
          26-34 1,390   1,129   187   131   1,203   988  
          35-49 1,469   1,339   251   185   1,208   1,154  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 3,921   3,557   614   499   3,290   3,045  
          Male 18-49 3,671   3,295   604   479   3,049   2,802  
     Female 18 or Older 2,030   2,089   241   273   1,788   1,816  
          Female 18-49 1,873   1,902   241   273   1,630   1,628  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.95B Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.8   2.6   18.1   16.5   2.4   2.3  
AGE            
     18-49 4.2   3.9   20.0   18.0   3.7   3.5  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   23.1   23.7   7.5   7.5  
          26-34 4.0   3.2   16.9   12.7   3.6   2.9  
          35-49 2.3   2.1   18.3   14.2   1.9   1.8  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 3.8   3.4   17.9   14.6   3.3   3.0  
          Male 18-49 5.6   5.0   19.6   16.2   4.9   4.5  
     Female 18 or Older 1.8   1.9   18.5   21.6   1.6   1.6  
          Female 18-49 2.8   2.8   20.9   22.5   2.5   2.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.96A Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,278   20,180   1,822   1,741   18,425   18,404  
AGE            
     18-49 17,462   17,167   1,755   1,629   15,677   15,503  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   773   859   6,048   6,201  
          26-34 4,599   4,322   441   330   4,157   3,975  
          35-49 6,023   5,777   540   440   5,472   5,327  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 13,664   13,195   1,422   1,252   12,217   11,910  
          Male 18-49 11,678   11,037   1,354   1,149   10,298   9,856  
     Female 18 or Older 6,614   6,985   400   489   6,208   6,494  
          Female 18-49 5,785   6,130   400   480   5,379   5,648  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.96B Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.4   9.3   38.5   37.2   8.8   8.7  
AGE            
     18-49 13.2   12.9   41.4   39.0   12.3   12.1  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   44.0   46.6   19.9   20.3  
          26-34 13.1   12.4   39.9   32.1   12.3   11.8  
          35-49 9.2   8.9   39.4   33.8   8.6   8.3  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 13.2   12.6   41.5   36.5   12.2   11.8  
          Male 18-49 17.8   16.8   43.9   38.8   16.6   15.7  
     Female 18 or Older 5.9   6.2   30.8   38.9   5.6   5.8  
          Female 18-49 8.7   9.2   34.7   39.6   8.2   8.6  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.97A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 16,397   17,209   374   412   16,001   16,733  
     Marijuana and Hashish 12,667   12,896   274   290   12,382   12,558  
     Cocaine 1,895   2,255   121   97   1,773 2,142  
          Crack 451   657   44   51   407   605  
     Heroin 151   121   32   5   118   106  
     Hallucinogens 719   883   34   74   680   798  
          LSD 103   72   4   1   99   67  
          PCP 37   31   3   *   33   19  
          Ecstasy 373   428   24   34   348   392  
     Inhalants 325   298   11   9   313   288  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 5,093   5,567   133   155   4,945   5,394  
          Pain Relievers 3,653   3,972   85   133   3,557   3,830  
               OxyContin® 260   299   8   20   250   276  
          Tranquilizers 1,455   1,657   32   63   1,421   1,581  
          Stimulants 1,011   896   27   25   981   866  
               Methamphetamine 526   446   27   20   498   422  
          Sedatives 239   245   12   11   227   234  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 6,920 7,710   248   243   6,655 7,442  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.97B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 7.6   7.9   25.3   26.3   7.5   7.7  
     Marijuana and Hashish 5.9   5.9   18.6   18.5   5.8   5.8  
     Cocaine 0.9   1.0   8.2   6.2   0.8   1.0  
          Crack 0.2   0.3   3.0   3.3   0.2   0.3  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   2.1   0.3   0.1   0.0  
     Hallucinogens 0.3   0.4   2.3   4.7   0.3   0.4  
          LSD 0.0   0.0   0.3   0.1   0.0   0.0  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.2   *   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.2   0.2   1.6   2.2   0.2   0.2  
     Inhalants 0.2   0.1   0.7   0.6   0.1   0.1  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 2.4   2.6   9.0   9.9   2.3   2.5  
          Pain Relievers 1.7   1.8   5.7   8.5   1.7   1.8  
               OxyContin® 0.1   0.1   0.6   1.3   0.1   0.1  
          Tranquilizers 0.7   0.8   2.1   4.0   0.7   0.7  
          Stimulants 0.5   0.4   1.8   1.6   0.5   0.4  
               Methamphetamine 0.2   0.2   1.8   1.3   0.2   0.2  
          Sedatives 0.1   0.1   0.8   0.7   0.1   0.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 3.2   3.5   16.8   15.6   3.1   3.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.98A Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 14,774   15,068   357   349   14,396   14,688  
     Marijuana and Hashish 11,585   11,508   274   264   11,300   11,230  
     Cocaine 1,770   2,032   121   95   1,648   1,921  
          Crack 403   558   44   50   359   508  
     Heroin 149   121   32   5   116   106  
     Hallucinogens 719   772   34   33   680   729  
          LSD 103   72   4   1   99   67  
          PCP 37   31   3   *   33   19  
          Ecstasy 373   422   24   28   348   392  
     Inhalants 285   255   11   9   273   244  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 4,641   4,828   116   149   4,510   4,661  
          Pain Relievers 3,349   3,455   67   127   3,271   3,320  
               OxyContin® 260   298   8   20   250   275  
          Tranquilizers 1,382   1,414   32   63   1,348   1,338  
          Stimulants 945   877   27   25   915   848  
               Methamphetamine 492   440   27   20   464   416  
          Sedatives 183   221   12   11   171   210  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 6,309   6,721   231   201   6,062   6,495  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.98B Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS3 11.2   11.4   26.3   26.3   11.0   11.2  
     Marijuana and Hashish 8.8   8.7   20.2   19.9   8.6   8.6  
     Cocaine 1.3   1.5   8.9   7.2   1.3   1.5  
          Crack 0.3   0.4   3.3   3.8   0.3   0.4  
     Heroin 0.1   0.1   2.3   0.4   0.1   0.1  
     Hallucinogens 0.5   0.6   2.5   2.5   0.5   0.6  
          LSD 0.1   0.1   0.3   0.1   0.1   0.1  
          PCP 0.0   0.0   0.2   *   0.0   0.0  
          Ecstasy 0.3   0.3   1.8   2.1   0.3   0.3  
     Inhalants 0.2   0.2   0.8   0.7   0.2   0.2  
     Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4 3.5   3.6   8.6   11.2   3.5   3.6  
          Pain Relievers 2.5   2.6   5.0 9.6   2.5   2.5  
               OxyContin® 0.2   0.2   0.6   1.5   0.2   0.2  
          Tranquilizers 1.0   1.1   2.3   4.8   1.0   1.0  
          Stimulants 0.7   0.7   2.0   1.9   0.7   0.6  
               Methamphetamine 0.4   0.3   2.0   1.5   0.4   0.3  
          Sedatives 0.1   0.2   0.9   0.8   0.1   0.2  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 4.8   5.1   17.0   15.2   4.6   5.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.99A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 16,397   17,209   374   412   16,001   16,733  
AGE            
     18-49 14,774   15,068   357   349   14,396   14,688  
          18-25 6,239   6,543   177   177   6,049   6,353  
          26-34 3,866   3,851   *   *   3,808   3,779  
          35-49 4,670   4,674   *   *   4,539   4,557  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 10,132   10,768   340   311   9,781   10,397  
          Male 18-49 9,206   9,425   322   248   8,873   9,151  
     Female 18 or Older 6,265   6,441   *   *   6,220   6,336  
          Female 18-49 5,568   5,643   *   *   5,523   5,537  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.99B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.6   7.9   25.3   26.3   7.5   7.7  
AGE            
     18-49 11.2   11.4   26.3   26.3   11.0   11.2  
          18-25 19.4   20.1   35.0   37.2   19.1   19.9  
          26-34 11.1   11.0   *   *   11.0   11.0  
          35-49 7.2   7.2   *   *   7.0   7.0  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 9.8   10.3   27.1   25.2   9.6   10.0  
          Male 18-49 14.0   14.3   28.5   24.0   13.8   14.2  
     Female 18 or Older 5.6   5.7   *   *   5.6   5.6  
          Female 18-49 8.3   8.4   *   *   8.3   8.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.100A Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,951   5,647   262   276   5,680   5,356  
AGE            
     18-49 5,544   5,197   262   275   5,273   4,908  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   123   131   2,554   2,593  
          26-34 1,390   1,129   *   *   1,340   1,065  
          35-49 1,469   1,339   *   *   1,380   1,250  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 3,921   3,557   231   199   3,684   3,346  
          Male 18-49 3,671   3,295   231   197   3,435   3,084  
     Female 18 or Older 2,030   2,089   *   *   1,996   2,011  
          Female 18-49 1,873   1,902   *   *   1,839   1,823  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.100B Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.8   2.6   17.7   17.7   2.7   2.5  
AGE            
     18-49 4.2   3.9   19.4   20.7   4.0   3.7  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   24.3   27.5   8.1   8.1  
          26-34 4.0   3.2   *   *   3.9   3.1  
          35-49 2.3   2.1   *   *   2.1   1.9  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 3.8   3.4   18.4   16.1   3.6   3.2  
          Male 18-49 5.6   5.0   20.4   19.1   5.3   4.8  
     Female 18 or Older 1.8   1.9   *   *   1.8   1.8  
          Female 18-49 2.8   2.8   *   *   2.8   2.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.101A Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,278   20,180   603   527   19,653   19,629  
AGE            
     18-49 17,462   17,167   565   480   16,876   16,662  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   235   209   6,586   6,852  
          26-34 4,599   4,322   *   *   4,507   4,184  
          35-49 6,023   5,777   *   *   5,784   5,626  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 13,664   13,195   531   419   13,116   12,753  
          Male 18-49 11,678   11,037   493   373   11,168   10,642  
     Female 18 or Older 6,614   6,985   *   *   6,537   6,875  
          Female 18-49 5,785   6,130   *   *   5,708   6,020  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60417

Table 7.101B Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.4   9.3   40.8   33.7   9.2   9.1  
AGE            
     18-49 13.2   12.9   41.7   36.2   12.9   12.7  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   46.5   43.8   20.8   21.5  
          26-34 13.1   12.4   *   *   13.1   12.2  
          35-49 9.2   8.9   *   *   9.0   8.7  
GENDER/AGE            
     Male 18 or Older 13.2   12.6   42.4   33.9   12.8   12.3  
          Male 18-49 17.8   16.8   43.6   36.0   17.4   16.5  
     Female 18 or Older 5.9   6.2   *   *   5.9   6.1  
          Female 18-49 8.7   9.2   *   *   8.6   9.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.102A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 34,807   35,041   6,354   6,990   28,453   28,051  
          12-17 5,300 5,041   1,078   1,199   4,223 3,843  
          18-25 10,913   11,117   1,890   2,008   9,022   9,108  
          26 or Older 18,594   18,883   3,386   3,783   15,208   15,099  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 25,451   25,375   4,527   4,738   20,924   20,636  
          12-17 3,656 3,383   730   769   2,925 2,614  
          18-25 8,963   9,111   1,503   1,547   7,459   7,564  
          26 or Older 12,833   12,880   2,293   2,422   10,540   10,458  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 19,658   20,109   3,857   4,250   15,801   15,859  
          12-17 3,269   3,129   632   711   2,637 2,419  
          18-25 6,201   6,467   1,073   1,147   5,128   5,320  
          26 or Older 10,189   10,513   2,152   2,393   8,037   8,120  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.102B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 14.5   14.4   17.9   19.0   13.9   13.6  
          12-17 21.0 19.9   23.0   23.6   20.6 19.0  
          18-25 33.9   34.2   33.8   34.0   33.9   34.3  
          26 or Older 10.2   10.2   13.4   14.7   9.6   9.5  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 10.6   10.4   12.7   12.9   10.2   10.0  
          12-17 14.5 13.3   15.6   15.1   14.2 12.9  
          18-25 27.8   28.0   26.9   26.2   28.0   28.5  
          26 or Older 7.0   6.9   9.1   9.4   6.7   6.6  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 8.2   8.3   10.8   11.5   7.7   7.7  
          12-17 13.0   12.3   13.5   14.0   12.8 11.9  
          18-25 19.3   19.9   19.2   19.4   19.3   20.0  
          26 or Older 5.6   5.7   8.5   9.3   5.1   5.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.103A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 120,934 126,028   12,764 14,179   108,170   111,849  
          12-17 4,436 4,191   705   759   3,730 3,432  
          18-25 19,474   19,783   2,807   2,810   16,667   16,973  
          26 or Older 97,023 102,054   9,251 10,610   87,772   91,445  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 54,725   55,090   7,206   7,785   47,519   47,305  
          12-17 2,794 2,513   439   452   2,355 2,061  
          18-25 13,271   13,597   1,849   1,833   11,421   11,764  
          26 or Older 38,661   38,980   4,918   5,500   33,742   33,480  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 59,896   60,532   11,742 12,929   48,153   47,603  
          12-17 2,998 2,733   590   655   2,408 2,077  
          18-25 12,731   12,667   2,532   2,718   10,199   9,948  
          26 or Older 44,166   45,133   8,620   9,555   35,546   35,577  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.103B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 50.3 51.8   35.9 38.5   52.8 54.2  
          12-17 17.6 16.5   15.1   14.9   18.2 16.9  
          18-25 60.5   60.9   50.2   47.5   62.7   63.9  
          26 or Older 53.0 55.1   36.6 41.1   55.6 57.3  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 22.8   22.7   20.3   21.1   23.2   22.9  
          12-17 11.1 9.9   9.4   8.9   11.5 10.2  
          18-25 41.2   41.9   33.1   31.0   42.9   44.3  
          26 or Older 21.1   21.0   19.5   21.3   21.4   21.0  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 24.9   24.9   33.0   35.1   23.5   23.1  
          12-17 11.9 10.8   12.6   12.9   11.7 10.2  
          18-25 39.5   39.0   45.3   46.0   38.3   37.4  
          26 or Older 24.1   24.3   34.1   37.0   22.5   22.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.104A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 22,506   22,218   3,755   3,816   18,751   18,402  
          12-17 2,228 2,038   437   419   1,791 1,619  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   1,086   1,125   5,754   5,943  
          26 or Older 13,438   13,111   2,232   2,271   11,206   10,840  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 7,298   6,833   1,836   1,852   5,462   4,981  
          12-17 1,347 1,186   284   281   1,062 905  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   550   520   2,135   2,208  
          26 or Older 3,267   2,918   1,002   1,051   2,265   1,868  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 18,654   18,658   2,663   2,703   15,990   15,955  
          12-17 1,517   1,407   264   239   1,252   1,168  
          18-25 5,609   5,692   792   813   4,816   4,878  
          26 or Older 11,528   11,560   1,607   1,651   9,921   9,909  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.104B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 9.4   9.1   10.6   10.4   9.1   8.9  
          12-17 8.8 8.0   9.3   8.2   8.7   8.0  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   19.4   19.0   21.6   22.4  
          26 or Older 7.3   7.1   8.8   8.8   7.1   6.8  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 3.0   2.8   5.2   5.0   2.7 2.4  
          12-17 5.3 4.7   6.1   5.5   5.2 4.5  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   9.8   8.8   8.0   8.3  
          26 or Older 1.8   1.6   4.0   4.1   1.4 1.2  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 7.8   7.7   7.5   7.3   7.8   7.7  
          12-17 6.0   5.5   5.6   4.7   6.1   5.8  
          18-25 17.4   17.5   14.2   13.8   18.1   18.4  
          26 or Older 6.3   6.2   6.4   6.4   6.3   6.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.105A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 34,807   35,041   2,294   2,417   32,513   32,623  
          12-17 5,300 5,041   355   415   4,945 4,626  
          18-25 10,913   11,117   538   560   10,375   10,556  
          26 or Older 18,594   18,883   1,400   1,441   17,194   17,441  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 25,451   25,375   1,582   1,587   23,869   23,787  
          12-17 3,656 3,383   244   259   3,412 3,124  
          18-25 8,963   9,111   445   433   8,518   8,678  
          26 or Older 12,833   12,880   893   895   11,939   11,985  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 19,658   20,109   1,381   1,492   18,278   18,617  
          12-17 3,269   3,129   208   236   3,061   2,893  
          18-25 6,201   6,467   286   316   5,915   6,151  
          26 or Older 10,189   10,513   887   940   9,302   9,573  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.105B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 14.5   14.4   13.7   14.6   14.5   14.4  
          12-17 21.0 19.9   19.7   22.2   21.1 19.7  
          18-25 33.9   34.2   33.1   31.6   33.9   34.4  
          26 or Older 10.2   10.2   10.5   11.2   10.1   10.1  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 10.6   10.4   9.5   9.6   10.7   10.5  
          12-17 14.5 13.3   13.5   13.9   14.6 13.3  
          18-25 27.8   28.0   27.4   24.5   27.9   28.3  
          26 or Older 7.0   6.9   6.7   6.9   7.0   6.9  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 8.2   8.3   8.3   9.0   8.2   8.2  
          12-17 13.0   12.3   11.5   12.6   13.1   12.3  
          18-25 19.3   19.9   17.6   17.8   19.4   20.0  
          26 or Older 5.6   5.7   6.7   7.3   5.5   5.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.106A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 120,934 126,028   5,081 5,975   115,852 120,053  
          12-17 4,436 4,191   259   289   4,177 3,902  
          18-25 19,474   19,783   736   776   18,738   19,007  
          26 or Older 97,023 102,054   4,086 4,910   92,937 97,144  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 54,725   55,090   2,497 3,077   52,228   52,013  
          12-17 2,794 2,513   162   161   2,632 2,352  
          18-25 13,271   13,597   480   537   12,791   13,060  
          26 or Older 38,661   38,980   1,855 2,379   36,805   36,601  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 59,896   60,532   4,761   5,067   55,134   55,465  
          12-17 2,998 2,733   242   227   2,757 2,505  
          18-25 12,731   12,667   681   721   12,050   11,945  
          26 or Older 44,166   45,133   3,838   4,118   40,328   41,014  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.106B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 50.3 51.8   30.4 36.1   51.8 53.0  
          12-17 17.6 16.5   14.4   15.4   17.8 16.6  
          18-25 60.5   60.9   45.3   43.8   61.3   61.9  
          26 or Older 53.0 55.1   30.8 38.1   54.7 56.3  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 22.8   22.7   14.9 18.6   23.3   22.9  
          12-17 11.1 9.9   9.0   8.6   11.2 10.0  
          18-25 41.2   41.9   29.5   30.3   41.8   42.5  
          26 or Older 21.1   21.0   14.0 18.5   21.7   21.2  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 24.9   24.9   28.5   30.6   24.6   24.5  
          12-17 11.9 10.8   13.4   12.1   11.8 10.7  
          18-25 39.5   39.0   41.9   40.7   39.4   38.9  
          26 or Older 24.1   24.3   28.9   31.9   23.7   23.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.107A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 22,506   22,218   1,267   1,361   21,239   20,857  
          12-17 2,228 2,038   133   143   2,096 1,894  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   363   343   6,477   6,726  
          26 or Older 13,438   13,111   772   875   12,666   12,236  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 7,298   6,833   687   668   6,610   6,165  
          12-17 1,347 1,186   81   92   1,266 1,094  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   198   151   2,487   2,577  
          26 or Older 3,267   2,918   409   425   2,858   2,494  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 18,654   18,658   869   969   17,784   17,689  
          12-17 1,517   1,407   81   80   1,436   1,327  
          18-25 5,609   5,692   252   255   5,357   5,436  
          26 or Older 11,528   11,560   536   634   10,992   10,926  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.107B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 9.4   9.1   7.6   8.2   9.5   9.2  
          12-17 8.8 8.0   7.3   7.7   9.0 8.1  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   22.3   19.4   21.2   21.9  
          26 or Older 7.3   7.1   5.8   6.8   7.5   7.1  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 3.0   2.8   4.1   4.0   3.0   2.7  
          12-17 5.3 4.7   4.5   4.9   5.4 4.7  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   12.1 8.5   8.1   8.4  
          26 or Older 1.8   1.6   3.1   3.3   1.7   1.4  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 7.8   7.7   5.2   5.9   7.9   7.8  
          12-17 6.0   5.5   4.5   4.3   6.1   5.7  
          18-25 17.4   17.5   15.5   14.4   17.5   17.7  
          26 or Older 6.3   6.2   4.0   4.9   6.5   6.3  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is defined as one or more household family members having received SSI during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.108A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 34,807   35,041   4,201   4,621   30,605   30,420  
          12-17 5,300 5,041   728 854   4,572 4,187  
          18-25 10,913   11,117   1,195   1,277   9,717   9,840  
          26 or Older 18,594   18,883   2,278   2,490   16,316   16,393  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 25,451   25,375   3,059   3,144   22,392   22,230  
          12-17 3,656 3,383   496   545   3,160 2,838  
          18-25 8,963   9,111   943   978   8,020   8,134  
          26 or Older 12,833   12,880   1,620   1,621   11,213   11,259  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 19,658   20,109   2,600   2,791   17,058   17,318  
          12-17 3,269   3,129   425   503   2,844 2,627  
          18-25 6,201   6,467   683   733   5,518   5,734  
          26 or Older 10,189   10,513   1,492   1,556   8,696   8,957  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.108B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 14.5   14.4   21.0   21.8   13.9   13.7  
          12-17 21.0 19.9   23.8   23.7   20.6 19.2  
          18-25 33.9   34.2   33.1   33.6   34.0   34.3  
          26 or Older 10.2   10.2   17.1   18.1   9.6   9.6  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 10.6   10.4   15.3   14.9   10.2   10.0  
          12-17 14.5 13.3   16.2   15.2   14.3 13.0  
          18-25 27.8   28.0   26.1   25.7   28.1   28.4  
          26 or Older 7.0   6.9   12.2   11.8   6.6   6.6  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 8.2   8.3   13.0   13.2   7.7   7.8  
          12-17 13.0   12.3   13.9   14.0   12.8   12.1  
          18-25 19.3   19.9   18.9   19.3   19.3   20.0  
          26 or Older 5.6   5.7   11.2   11.3   5.1   5.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.109A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 120,934 126,028   7,026 7,758   113,908 118,270  
          12-17 4,436 4,191   453   513   3,983 3,678  
          18-25 19,474   19,783   1,789   1,760   17,685   18,023  
          26 or Older 97,023 102,054   4,784 5,485   92,239 96,569  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 54,725   55,090   4,421   4,823   50,304   50,267  
          12-17 2,794 2,513   271   310   2,523 2,203  
          18-25 13,271   13,597   1,170   1,130   12,101   12,467  
          26 or Older 38,661   38,980   2,980   3,383   35,680   35,597  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 59,896   60,532   7,812 8,606   52,084   51,926  
          12-17 2,998 2,733   384 481   2,615 2,252  
          18-25 12,731   12,667   1,724   1,903   11,008   10,764  
          26 or Older 44,166   45,133   5,705   6,222   38,462   38,910  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.109B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 50.3 51.8   35.2   36.7   51.6 53.3  
          12-17 17.6 16.5   14.8   14.3   18.0 16.9  
          18-25 60.5   60.9   49.5   46.3   61.9   62.8  
          26 or Older 53.0 55.1   36.0   39.9   54.3 56.3  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 22.8   22.7   22.1   22.8   22.8   22.6  
          12-17 11.1 9.9   8.9   8.6   11.4 10.1  
          18-25 41.2   41.9   32.4   29.7   42.3   43.5  
          26 or Older 21.1   21.0   22.4   24.6   21.0   20.7  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 24.9   24.9   39.1   40.7   23.6   23.4  
          12-17 11.9 10.8   12.5   13.4   11.8 10.4  
          18-25 39.5   39.0   47.7   50.0   38.5   37.5  
          26 or Older 24.1   24.3   42.9   45.2   22.6   22.7  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.110A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 22,506   22,218   2,459   2,431   20,047   19,788  
          12-17 2,228 2,038   283   282   1,945 1,756  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   638   682   6,202   6,386  
          26 or Older 13,438   13,111   1,538   1,467   11,899   11,645  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 7,298   6,833   1,244   1,268   6,054   5,564  
          12-17 1,347 1,186   188   182   1,159 1,004  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   327   333   2,357   2,395  
          26 or Older 3,267   2,918   729   753   2,538   2,166  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 18,654   18,658   1,738   1,687   16,916   16,971  
          12-17 1,517   1,407   171   164   1,346   1,243  
          18-25 5,609   5,692   478   470   5,131   5,222  
          26 or Older 11,528   11,560   1,089   1,054   10,439   10,506  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.110B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 9.4   9.1   12.3   11.5   9.1   8.9  
          12-17 8.8 8.0   9.3   7.8   8.8   8.1  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   17.6   17.9   21.7   22.3  
          26 or Older 7.3   7.1   11.6   10.7   7.0   6.8  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 3.0   2.8   6.2   6.0   2.7 2.5  
          12-17 5.3 4.7   6.2   5.1   5.2 4.6  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   9.1   8.8   8.2   8.3  
          26 or Older 1.8   1.6   5.5   5.5   1.5   1.3  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 7.8   7.7   8.7   8.0   7.7   7.6  
          12-17 6.0   5.5   5.6   4.6   6.1   5.7  
          18-25 17.4   17.5   13.2   12.3   18.0   18.2  
          26 or Older 6.3   6.2   8.2   7.7   6.1   6.1  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Food Stamps is defined as one or more household family members having received food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.111A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 34,807   35,041   1,645   1,786   33,162   33,255  
          12-17 5,300 5,041   333   333   4,967   4,708  
          18-25 10,913   11,117   505   598   10,408   10,519  
          26 or Older 18,594   18,883   807   855   17,787   18,028  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 25,451   25,375   1,143   1,253   24,308   24,122  
          12-17 3,656 3,383   232   214   3,424 3,170  
          18-25 8,963   9,111   414   441   8,548   8,671  
          26 or Older 12,833   12,880   497   598   12,336   12,282  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 19,658   20,109   1,041   1,007   18,618   19,103  
          12-17 3,269   3,129   207   188   3,062   2,941  
          18-25 6,201   6,467   272   343   5,928   6,124  
          26 or Older 10,189   10,513   561   476   9,627   10,038  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.111B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 14.5   14.4   23.0   25.1   14.2   14.1  
          12-17 21.0 19.9   27.8   25.4   20.7 19.6  
          18-25 33.9   34.2   33.1 39.3   33.9   34.0  
          26 or Older 10.2   10.2   18.2   20.0   10.0   10.0  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 10.6   10.4   16.0   17.6   10.4   10.2  
          12-17 14.5 13.3   19.4   16.3   14.3 13.2  
          18-25 27.8   28.0   27.1   29.0   27.9   28.0  
          26 or Older 7.0   6.9   11.2   14.0   6.9   6.8  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 8.2   8.3   14.6   14.2   8.0   8.1  
          12-17 13.0   12.3   17.3   14.4   12.7   12.2  
          18-25 19.3   19.9   17.8 22.6   19.3   19.8  
          26 or Older 5.6   5.7   12.7   11.1   5.4   5.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.112A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 120,934 126,028   2,671   2,665   118,263 123,363  
          12-17 4,436 4,191   187   169   4,249   4,023  
          18-25 19,474   19,783   748   690   18,726   19,092  
          26 or Older 97,023 102,054   1,735   1,806   95,288 100,248  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 54,725   55,090   1,488   1,605   53,237   53,485  
          12-17 2,794 2,513   110   117   2,684 2,396  
          18-25 13,271   13,597   493   455   12,778   13,142  
          26 or Older 38,661   38,980   885   1,033   37,775   37,947  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 59,896   60,532   2,612   2,796   57,284   57,736  
          12-17 2,998 2,733   167   172   2,831 2,561  
          18-25 12,731   12,667   742   796   11,990   11,871  
          26 or Older 44,166   45,133   1,703   1,828   42,463   43,305  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.112B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 50.3 51.8   37.4   37.5   50.7 52.2  
          12-17 17.6 16.5   15.6   12.9   17.7 16.7  
          18-25 60.5   60.9   49.0   45.4   61.1   61.7  
          26 or Older 53.0 55.1   39.2   42.2   53.3 55.4  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 22.8   22.7   20.8   22.6   22.8   22.7  
          12-17 11.1 9.9   9.2   9.0   11.2 10.0  
          18-25 41.2   41.9   32.3   29.9   41.7   42.4  
          26 or Older 21.1   21.0   20.0   24.1   21.1   21.0  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 24.9   24.9   36.5   39.3   24.5   24.5  
          12-17 11.9 10.8   14.0   13.1   11.8 10.7  
          18-25 39.5   39.0   48.6   52.4   39.1   38.3  
          26 or Older 24.1   24.3   38.5   42.7   23.8   23.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.113A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 22,506   22,218   968   950   21,538   21,268  
          12-17 2,228 2,038   140   104   2,088   1,934  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   307   298   6,533   6,771  
          26 or Older 13,438   13,111   521   548   12,917   12,564  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 7,298   6,833   508   517   6,790   6,316  
          12-17 1,347 1,186   94   72   1,252 1,114  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   167   162   2,517   2,566  
          26 or Older 3,267   2,918   246   283   3,020   2,635  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 18,654   18,658   690   626   17,964   18,032  
          12-17 1,517   1,407   80   53   1,437   1,354  
          18-25 5,609   5,692   226   198   5,383   5,494  
          26 or Older 11,528   11,560   384   376   11,144   11,184  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.113B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 9.4   9.1   13.5   13.4   9.2   9.0  
          12-17 8.8 8.0   11.7 7.9   8.7   8.0  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   20.1   19.6   21.3   21.9  
          26 or Older 7.3   7.1   11.8   12.8   7.2   6.9  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 3.0   2.8   7.1   7.3   2.9 2.7  
          12-17 5.3 4.7   7.9   5.5   5.2 4.6  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   11.0   10.7   8.2   8.3  
          26 or Older 1.8   1.6   5.6   6.6   1.7   1.5  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 7.8   7.7   9.7   8.8   7.7   7.6  
          12-17 6.0   5.5   6.7 4.0   6.0   5.6  
          18-25 17.4   17.5   14.8   13.0   17.6   17.7  
          26 or Older 6.3   6.2   8.7   8.8   6.2   6.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Cash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.114A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 34,807   35,041   1,848   1,980   32,959   33,060  
          12-17 5,300 5,041   308   279   4,992   4,762  
          18-25 10,913   11,117   650   726   10,263   10,391  
          26 or Older 18,594   18,883   890   975   17,704   17,907  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 25,451   25,375   1,319   1,426   24,133   23,949  
          12-17 3,656 3,383   217   193   3,439 3,191  
          18-25 8,963   9,111   505   552   8,458   8,559  
          26 or Older 12,833   12,880   597   681   12,235   12,199  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 19,658   20,109   1,158   1,151   18,500   18,959  
          12-17 3,269   3,129   171   157   3,098   2,973  
          18-25 6,201   6,467   382   416   5,818   6,051  
          26 or Older 10,189   10,513   604   578   9,584   9,935  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.114B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Drug/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS1            
     Total 14.5   14.4   21.9   21.9   14.2   14.1  
          12-17 21.0 19.9   25.2   23.7   20.8 19.7  
          18-25 33.9   34.2   34.0   37.5   33.9   34.0  
          26 or Older 10.2   10.2   16.7   16.4   10.0   10.0  
MARIJUANA            
     Total 10.6   10.4   15.6   15.8   10.4   10.2  
          12-17 14.5 13.3   17.7   16.4   14.3 13.2  
          18-25 27.8   28.0   26.4   28.6   27.9   28.0  
          26 or Older 7.0   6.9   11.2   11.5   6.9   6.8  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1            
     Total 8.2   8.3   13.7   12.7   8.0   8.1  
          12-17 13.0   12.3   14.0   13.3   12.9   12.3  
          18-25 19.3   19.9   20.0   21.5   19.2   19.8  
          26 or Older 5.6   5.7   11.4   9.8   5.4   5.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.115A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 120,934 126,028   3,552   4,037   117,382 121,992  
          12-17 4,436 4,191   198   165   4,238   4,027  
          18-25 19,474   19,783   1,025   1,003   18,449   18,780  
          26 or Older 97,023 102,054   2,329 2,869   94,695 99,185  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 54,725   55,090   2,025   2,236   52,700   52,854  
          12-17 2,794 2,513   115   109   2,679 2,404  
          18-25 13,271   13,597   642   613   12,629   12,984  
          26 or Older 38,661   38,980   1,269   1,515   37,392   37,465  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 59,896   60,532   2,944 3,414   56,952   57,118  
          12-17 2,998 2,733   163   142   2,835 2,591  
          18-25 12,731   12,667   853   903   11,878   11,764  
          26 or Older 44,166   45,133   1,928 2,369   42,238   42,764  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.115B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Month Substance/Age Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ALCOHOL            
     Total 50.3 51.8   42.0   44.6   50.6 52.1  
          12-17 17.6 16.5   16.2   14.0   17.7 16.7  
          18-25 60.5   60.9   53.7   51.9   60.9   61.5  
          26 or Older 53.0 55.1   43.8   48.4   53.3 55.3  
BINGE ALCOHOL1            
     Total 22.8   22.7   24.0   24.7   22.7   22.6  
          12-17 11.1 9.9   9.4   9.2   11.2 9.9  
          18-25 41.2   41.9   33.6   31.7   41.7   42.5  
          26 or Older 21.1   21.0   23.8   25.6   21.0   20.9  
CIGARETTES            
     Total 24.9   24.9   34.8   37.8   24.5   24.4  
          12-17 11.9 10.8   13.3   12.0   11.8 10.7  
          18-25 39.5   39.0   44.7   46.7   39.2   38.5  
          26 or Older 24.1   24.3   36.2   40.0   23.8   23.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.116A Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 22,506   22,218   1,196   1,190   21,310   21,028  
          12-17 2,228 2,038   122   94   2,106   1,944  
          18-25 6,840   7,069   409   414   6,431   6,655  
          26 or Older 13,438   13,111   664   682   12,773   12,429  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 7,298   6,833   608   559   6,690   6,274  
          12-17 1,347 1,186   76   59   1,270 1,128  
          18-25 2,684   2,728   193   204   2,492   2,525  
          26 or Older 3,267   2,918   339   296   2,928   2,622  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 18,654   18,658   835   819   17,818   17,840  
          12-17 1,517   1,407   81 48   1,436   1,358  
          18-25 5,609   5,692   308   288   5,301   5,404  
          26 or Older 11,528   11,560   447   482   11,081   11,077  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60419

Table 7.116B Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Past Year Dependence or Abuse/Age1 Total  HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2            
     Total 9.4   9.1   14.1   13.2   9.2   9.0  
          12-17 8.8 8.0   10.0   7.9   8.8 8.0  
          18-25 21.2   21.8   21.4   21.4   21.2   21.8  
          26 or Older 7.3   7.1   12.5   11.5   7.2   6.9  
ILLICIT DRUGS2            
     Total 3.0   2.8   7.2   6.2   2.9   2.7  
          12-17 5.3 4.7   6.2   5.0   5.3 4.7  
          18-25 8.3   8.4   10.1   10.5   8.2   8.3  
          26 or Older 1.8   1.6   6.4   5.0   1.6   1.5  
ALCOHOL            
     Total 7.8   7.7   9.9   9.1   7.7   7.6  
          12-17 6.0   5.5   6.6 4.1   6.0   5.6  
          18-25 17.4   17.5   16.1   14.9   17.5   17.7  
          26 or Older 6.3   6.2   8.4   8.1   6.2   6.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
a Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60503

Table 7.117A Asthma in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age ASTHMA IN LIFETIME ASTHMA IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 26,946   2,834   24,111   15,293   1,478   13,815  
     12-17 4,088   322   3,766   2,454   229   2,224  
     18-25 4,415   1,038   3,377   2,231   498   1,733  
     26-34 3,947   531   3,416   2,097   275   1,822  
     35-49 6,536   595   5,942   3,521   339   3,182  
     50-64 4,515   255   4,260   2,764   91   2,672  
     65 or Older 3,444   *   3,351   2,227   *   2,182  
MALE 11,196   1,599   9,597   5,660   781   4,879  
     12-17 2,188   159   2,029   1,220   112   1,108  
     18-25 2,118   608   1,509   968   270   698  
     26-34 1,762   364   1,398   779   177   602  
     35-49 2,361   259   2,102   1,003   103   899  
     50-64 1,650   164   1,485   946   73   873  
     65 or Older 1,117   *   1,073   743   *   699  
FEMALE 15,750   1,235   14,515   9,633   697   8,936  
     12-17 1,900   163   1,737   1,234   117   1,116  
     18-25 2,297   430   1,867   1,263   228   1,036  
     26-34 2,185   167   2,018   1,318   98   1,220  
     35-49 4,176   336   3,840   2,518   235   2,283  
     50-64 2,865   *   2,774   1,817   *   1,799  
     65 or Older 2,327   *   2,278   1,483   *   1,483  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.117B Asthma in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age ASTHMA IN LIFETIME ASTHMA IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 11.2   13.0   11.1   6.4   6.8   6.3  
     12-17 16.9   16.6   16.9   10.2   11.8   10.0  
     18-25 13.9   15.0   13.6   7.0   7.2   7.0  
     26-34 11.5   12.6   11.4   6.1   6.5   6.1  
     35-49 10.1   10.5   10.1   5.5   6.0   5.4  
     50-64 9.1   10.7   9.0   5.6   3.8   5.6  
     65 or Older 9.8   *   9.7   6.4   *   6.3  
MALE 9.7   11.5   9.4   4.9   5.6   4.8  
     12-17 17.9   16.9   18.0   10.0   12.0   9.9  
     18-25 13.3   14.3   13.0   6.1   6.3   6.0  
     26-34 10.4   12.8   9.9   4.6   6.2   4.3  
     35-49 7.5   7.1   7.5   3.2   2.8   3.2  
     50-64 6.9   9.6   6.6   3.9   4.3   3.9  
     65 or Older 7.5   *   7.4   5.0   *   4.8  
FEMALE 12.7   15.6   12.5   7.8   8.8   7.7  
     12-17 15.8   16.2   15.8   10.3   11.7   10.2  
     18-25 14.4   16.1   14.1   7.9   8.5   7.8  
     26-34 12.6   12.2   12.6   7.6   7.2   7.6  
     35-49 12.7   16.6   12.4   7.7   11.6   7.4  
     50-64 11.2   *   11.1   7.1   *   7.2  
     65 or Older 11.6   *   11.4   7.4   *   7.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.118A Bronchitis in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age BRONCHITIS IN LIFETIME BRONCHITIS IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 26,577   2,487   24,090   10,468   1,020   9,448  
     12-17 2,019   159   1,860   884   84   800  
     18-25 3,067   815   2,252   1,116   344   773  
     26-34 3,511   412   3,099   1,225   131   1,094  
     35-49 7,377   559   6,818   2,579   179   2,400  
     50-64 6,878   426   6,452   3,001   196   2,806  
     65 or Older 3,725   *   3,608   1,662   *   1,576  
MALE 9,719   1,363   8,356   3,690   589   3,101  
     12-17 977   66   910   449   34   414  
     18-25 1,328   431   897   421   164   257  
     26-34 1,433   245   1,187   508   80   427  
     35-49 2,486   302   2,184   776   96   679  
     50-64 2,383   251   2,133   1,011   167   844  
     65 or Older 1,112   *   1,044   527   *   479  
FEMALE 16,858   1,125   15,734   6,778   431   6,347  
     12-17 1,042   92   950   436   50   386  
     18-25 1,740   385   1,355   696   180   516  
     26-34 2,078   166   1,912   717   51   667  
     35-49 4,891   257   4,634   1,803   82   1,721  
     50-64 4,494   *   4,320   1,991   *   1,962  
     65 or Older 2,613   *   2,564   1,136   *   1,097  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.118B Bronchitis in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age BRONCHITIS IN LIFETIME BRONCHITIS IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 11.1   11.4   11.1   4.4   4.7   4.3  
     12-17 8.3   8.2   8.4   3.7   4.3   3.6  
     18-25 9.6   11.8   9.1   3.5   5.0   3.1  
     26-34 10.2   9.7   10.3   3.6   3.1   3.6  
     35-49 11.4   9.8   11.6   4.0   3.2   4.1  
     50-64 13.8   17.8   13.6   6.0   8.2   5.9  
     65 or Older 10.6   *   10.5   4.8   *   4.6  
MALE 8.4   9.8   8.2   3.2   4.2   3.0  
     12-17 8.0   7.1   8.1   3.7   3.7   3.7  
     18-25 8.4   10.1   7.7   2.6   3.8   2.2  
     26-34 8.5   8.6   8.4   3.0   2.8   3.0  
     35-49 7.9   8.3   7.8   2.5   2.6   2.4  
     50-64 9.9   14.7   9.5   4.2   9.8   3.8  
     65 or Older 7.4   *   7.2   3.5   *   3.3  
FEMALE 13.6   14.2   13.6   5.5   5.4   5.5  
     12-17 8.7   9.2   8.6   3.6   5.0   3.5  
     18-25 10.9   14.4   10.2   4.4   6.7   3.9  
     26-34 12.0   12.2   12.0   4.1   3.7   4.2  
     35-49 14.9   12.7   15.0   5.5   4.1   5.6  
     50-64 17.5   *   17.3   7.8   *   7.9  
     65 or Older 13.0   *   12.9   5.7   *   5.5  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.119A Diabetes in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age DIABETES IN LIFETIME DIABETES IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 16,697   533   16,164   14,118   433   13,684  
     12-17 143   11   131   85   9   76  
     18-25 325   70   256   241   54   188  
     26-34 805   108   697   604   76   528  
     35-49 3,053   197   2,856   2,529   185   2,343  
     50-64 6,635   115   6,521   5,694   88   5,606  
     65 or Older 5,735   *   5,703   4,965   *   4,943  
MALE 7,587   326   7,261   6,475   295   6,180  
     12-17 59   8   51   29   8   21  
     18-25 142   45   97   103   36   67  
     26-34 286   44   242   228   27   201  
     35-49 1,531   168   1,363   1,280   164   1,117  
     50-64 3,147   56   3,091   2,721   56   2,665  
     65 or Older 2,422   *   2,417   2,114   *   2,109  
FEMALE 9,110   207   8,903   7,643   138   7,505  
     12-17 84   3   81   56   1   55  
     18-25 184   25   159   139   18   121  
     26-34 519   64   455   376   49   327  
     35-49 1,523   29   1,493   1,248   21   1,227  
     50-64 3,488   *   3,429   2,973   *   2,941  
     65 or Older 3,312   *   3,286   2,851   *   2,834  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.119B Diabetes in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age DIABETES IN LIFETIME DIABETES IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 7.0   2.4   7.4   5.9   2.0   6.3  
     12-17 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.4   0.5   0.3  
     18-25 1.0   1.0   1.0   0.8   0.8   0.8  
     26-34 2.3   2.6   2.3   1.8   1.8   1.8  
     35-49 4.7   3.5   4.9   3.9   3.3   4.0  
     50-64 13.4   4.8   13.8   11.5   3.7   11.9  
     65 or Older 16.4   *   16.6   14.2   *   14.4  
MALE 6.6   2.3   7.1   5.6   2.1   6.1  
     12-17 0.5   0.8   0.5   0.2   0.8   0.2  
     18-25 0.9   1.1   0.8   0.6   0.8   0.6  
     26-34 1.7   1.5   1.7   1.3   0.9   1.4  
     35-49 4.8   4.6   4.9   4.0   4.5   4.0  
     50-64 13.1   3.3   13.8   11.3   3.3   11.9  
     65 or Older 16.2   *   16.7   14.2   *   14.6  
FEMALE 7.4   2.6   7.7   6.2   1.7   6.5  
     12-17 0.7   0.3   0.7   0.5   0.1   0.5  
     18-25 1.2   0.9   1.2   0.9   0.7   0.9  
     26-34 3.0   4.7   2.8   2.2   3.6   2.0  
     35-49 4.6   1.5   4.8   3.8   1.1   4.0  
     50-64 13.6   *   13.7   11.6   *   11.8  
     65 or Older 16.5   *   16.5   14.2   *   14.2  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.120A Heart Disease in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age HEART DISEASE IN LIFETIME HEART DISEASE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 13,450   571   12,878   9,554   328   9,226  
     12-17 97   8   89   43   8   36  
     18-25 167   36   131   74   13   61  
     26-34 279   85   194   181   51   130  
     35-49 1,350   130   1,220   921   78   843  
     50-64 4,358   265   4,093   2,943   162   2,782  
     65 or Older 7,199   *   7,151   5,392   *   5,375  
MALE 7,488   392   7,096   5,120   224   4,896  
     12-17 47   5   43   24   5   20  
     18-25 60   13   48   20   4   17  
     26-34 103   17   85   53   5   48  
     35-49 711   74   637   476   45   431  
     50-64 2,714   236   2,478   1,727   149   1,579  
     65 or Older 3,853   *   3,805   2,819   *   2,802  
FEMALE 5,961   179   5,783   4,434   104   4,330  
     12-17 49   3   46   19   3   16  
     18-25 106   24   83   53   9   44  
     26-34 176   67   109   128   *   82  
     35-49 639   56   583   444   32   412  
     50-64 1,644   *   1,615   1,216   *   1,203  
     65 or Older 3,346   *   3,346   2,573   *   2,573  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.120B Heart Disease in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age HEART DISEASE IN LIFETIME HEART DISEASE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 5.6   2.6   5.9   4.0   1.5   4.2  
     12-17 0.4   0.4   0.4   0.2   0.4   0.2  
     18-25 0.5   0.5   0.5   0.2   0.2   0.2  
     26-34 0.8   2.0   0.6   0.5   1.2   0.4  
     35-49 2.1   2.3   2.1   1.4   1.4   1.4  
     50-64 8.8   11.1   8.7   5.9   6.8   5.9  
     65 or Older 20.6   *   20.8   15.4   *   15.6  
MALE 6.5   2.8   7.0   4.4   1.6   4.8  
     12-17 0.4   0.5   0.4   0.2   0.5   0.2  
     18-25 0.4   0.3   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.1  
     26-34 0.6   0.6   0.6   0.3   0.2   0.3  
     35-49 2.2   2.0   2.3   1.5   1.2   1.5  
     50-64 11.3   13.8   11.1   7.2   8.7   7.1  
     65 or Older 25.8   *   26.3   18.9   *   19.4  
FEMALE 4.8   2.3   5.0   3.6   1.3   3.7  
     12-17 0.4   0.3   0.4   0.2   0.3   0.1  
     18-25 0.7   0.9   0.6   0.3   0.3   0.3  
     26-34 1.0   4.9   0.7   0.7   *   0.5  
     35-49 1.9   2.7   1.9   1.4   1.6   1.3  
     50-64 6.4   *   6.5   4.7   *   4.8  
     65 or Older 16.7   *   16.8   12.8   *   12.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.121A Hepatitis in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age HEPATITIS IN LIFETIME HEPATITIS IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 3,537   384   3,153   1,107   187   919  
     12-17 38   1   36   9   0   9  
     18-25 134   46   88   53   17   36  
     26-34 311   40   271   135   25   109  
     35-49 1,193   238   955   405   110   295  
     50-64 1,282   59   1,223   391   35   356  
     65 or Older 579   *   579   113   *   113  
MALE 1,852   277   1,575   574   134   441  
     12-17 20   1   19   2   0   2  
     18-25 72   29   44   35   10   25  
     26-34 143   39   104   44   25   18  
     35-49 618   156   462   171   63   108  
     50-64 727   52   676   285   35   250  
     65 or Older 271   *   271   38   *   38  
FEMALE 1,685   108   1,577   532   54   478  
     12-17 18   *   18   7   *   7  
     18-25 62   18   45   18   7   12  
     26-34 167   1   166   91   *   91  
     35-49 575   82   493   234   47   187  
     50-64 555   *   548   106   *   106  
     65 or Older 308   *   308   76   *   76  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.121B Hepatitis in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age HEPATITIS IN LIFETIME HEPATITIS IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 1.5   1.8   1.4   0.5   0.9   0.4  
     12-17 0.2   0.1   0.2   0.0   0.0   0.0  
     18-25 0.4   0.7   0.4   0.2   0.2   0.1  
     26-34 0.9   0.9   0.9   0.4   0.6   0.4  
     35-49 1.8   4.2   1.6   0.6   1.9   0.5  
     50-64 2.6   2.5   2.6   0.8   1.5   0.8  
     65 or Older 1.7   *   1.7   0.3   *   0.3  
MALE 1.6   2.0   1.5   0.5   1.0   0.4  
     12-17 0.2   0.1   0.2   0.0   0.0   0.0  
     18-25 0.5   0.7   0.4   0.2   0.2   0.2  
     26-34 0.8   1.4   0.7   0.3   0.9   0.1  
     35-49 2.0   4.3   1.7   0.5   1.7   0.4  
     50-64 3.0   3.0   3.0   1.2   2.1   1.1  
     65 or Older 1.8   *   1.9   0.3   *   0.3  
FEMALE 1.4   1.4   1.4   0.4   0.7   0.4  
     12-17 0.1   *   0.2   0.1   *   0.1  
     18-25 0.4   0.7   0.3   0.1   0.2   0.1  
     26-34 1.0   0.1   1.0   0.5   *   0.6  
     35-49 1.7   4.0   1.6   0.7   2.3   0.6  
     50-64 2.2   *   2.2   0.4   *   0.4  
     65 or Older 1.5   *   1.5   0.4   *   0.4  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.122A High Blood Pressure in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN LIFETIME HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 46,844   2,736   44,107   37,582   2,106   35,476  
     12-17 453   40   413   275   19   256  
     18-25 1,181   241   941   795   164   631  
     26-34 2,476   278   2,198   1,602   161   1,441  
     35-49 9,831   1,054   8,776   7,787   775   7,011  
     50-64 16,732   867   15,865   13,887   766   13,122  
     65 or Older 16,172   *   15,915   13,236   *   13,015  
MALE 21,579   1,824   19,755   16,941   1,400   15,541  
     12-17 256   18   238   155   8   148  
     18-25 583   150   432   384   99   285  
     26-34 1,417   203   1,214   914   124   789  
     35-49 5,145   679   4,466   4,007   496   3,511  
     50-64 7,753   597   7,156   6,421   509   5,912  
     65 or Older 6,426   *   6,250   5,060   *   4,897  
FEMALE 25,264   912   24,352   20,641   706   19,935  
     12-17 197   22   175   120   11   109  
     18-25 599   90   509   411   65   346  
     26-34 1,058   75   984   688   37   652  
     35-49 4,686   375   4,311   3,780   279   3,501  
     50-64 8,979   *   8,709   7,466   *   7,210  
     65 or Older 9,746   *   9,665   8,176   *   8,118  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.122B High Blood Pressure in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN LIFETIME HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 19.6   12.6   20.3   15.7   9.7   16.3  
     12-17 1.9   2.0   1.9   1.1   1.0   1.2  
     18-25 3.7   3.5   3.8   2.5   2.4   2.5  
     26-34 7.2   6.6   7.3   4.7   3.8   4.8  
     35-49 15.2   18.6   14.9   12.1   13.7   11.9  
     50-64 33.7   36.3   33.5   28.0   32.0   27.8  
     65 or Older 46.2   *   46.3   37.8   *   37.9  
MALE 18.7   13.2   19.4   14.7   10.1   15.3  
     12-17 2.1   1.9   2.1   1.3   0.8   1.3  
     18-25 3.7   3.5   3.7   2.4   2.3   2.4  
     26-34 8.4   7.1   8.6   5.4   4.4   5.6  
     35-49 16.2   18.6   15.9   12.7   13.6   12.5  
     50-64 32.2   35.0   32.0   26.7   29.9   26.5  
     65 or Older 43.0   *   43.1   33.9   *   33.8  
FEMALE 20.4   11.5   21.0   16.7   8.9   17.2  
     12-17 1.6   2.2   1.6   1.0   1.1   1.0  
     18-25 3.8   3.4   3.8   2.6   2.4   2.6  
     26-34 6.1   5.5   6.2   4.0   2.7   4.1  
     35-49 14.3   18.6   14.0   11.5   13.8   11.3  
     50-64 35.0   *   34.9   29.1   *   28.9  
     65 or Older 48.6   *   48.6   40.8   *   40.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.123A Pneumonia in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age PNEUMONIA IN LIFETIME PNEUMONIA IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 15,775   996   14,779   3,680   208   3,472  
     12-17 824   62   762   225   22   203  
     18-25 1,142   291   852   259   73   186  
     26-34 1,501   121   1,380   231   6   225  
     35-49 3,755   250   3,504   845   53   792  
     50-64 4,950   184   4,766   1,095   24   1,071  
     65 or Older 3,603   *   3,515   1,025   *   995  
MALE 6,392   570   5,822   1,413   141   1,272  
     12-17 361   23   338   104   10   94  
     18-25 498   161   338   99   38   61  
     26-34 554   69   485   87   5   82  
     35-49 1,401   141   1,260   277   34   243  
     50-64 2,065   109   1,957   415   *   391  
     65 or Older 1,513   *   1,445   430   *   401  
FEMALE 9,383   426   8,957   2,267   67   2,200  
     12-17 463   39   424   121   12   109  
     18-25 644   130   514   160   35   125  
     26-34 947   51   896   144   1   143  
     35-49 2,353   110   2,244   568   19   549  
     50-64 2,885   *   2,809   680   *   680  
     65 or Older 2,090   *   2,070   594   *   594  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.123B Pneumonia in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age PNEUMONIA IN LIFETIME PNEUMONIA IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 6.6   4.6   6.8   1.5   1.0   1.6  
     12-17 3.4   3.2   3.4   0.9   1.1   0.9  
     18-25 3.6   4.2   3.4   0.8   1.0   0.7  
     26-34 4.4   2.9   4.6   0.7   0.1   0.7  
     35-49 5.8   4.4   6.0   1.3   0.9   1.3  
     50-64 10.0   7.7   10.1   2.2   1.0   2.3  
     65 or Older 10.3   *   10.2   2.9   *   2.9  
MALE 5.5   4.1   5.7   1.2   1.0   1.3  
     12-17 3.0   2.4   3.0   0.9   1.1   0.8  
     18-25 3.1   3.8   2.9   0.6   0.9   0.5  
     26-34 3.3   2.4   3.4   0.5   0.2   0.6  
     35-49 4.4   3.9   4.5   0.9   0.9   0.9  
     50-64 8.6   6.4   8.8   1.7   *   1.8  
     65 or Older 10.1   *   10.0   2.9   *   2.8  
FEMALE 7.6   5.4   7.7   1.8   0.8   1.9  
     12-17 3.9   3.9   3.9   1.0   1.2   1.0  
     18-25 4.0   4.9   3.9   1.0   1.3   0.9  
     26-34 5.5   3.8   5.6   0.8   0.1   0.9  
     35-49 7.2   5.4   7.3   1.7   0.9   1.8  
     50-64 11.3   *   11.3   2.7   *   2.7  
     65 or Older 10.4   *   10.4   3.0   *   3.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.124A Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age STD IN LIFETIME STD IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 8,205   1,475   6,730   1,994   504   1,491  
     12-17 115   45   69   90   39   51  
     18-25 1,249   426   824   679   259   420  
     26-34 1,930   380   1,549   537   89   448  
     35-49 3,006   473   2,534   532   105   427  
     50-64 1,688   140   1,548   131   *   131  
     65 or Older 217   *   206   25   *   14  
MALE 3,026   624   2,402   569   186   383  
     12-17 22   8   14   13   7   6  
     18-25 235   117   118   133   73   60  
     26-34 605   213   392   183   57   126  
     35-49 1,245   223   1,022   210   37   173  
     50-64 752   51   701   4   *   4  
     65 or Older 167   *   156   25   *   14  
FEMALE 5,179   852   4,328   1,425   318   1,108  
     12-17 93   37   56   77   32   45  
     18-25 1,014   308   706   545   186   360  
     26-34 1,325   167   1,158   354   32   322  
     35-49 1,761   250   1,511   322   68   254  
     50-64 936   *   846   127   *   127  
     65 or Older 51   *   51   *   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
NOTE: Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) includes chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, and syphilis.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.124B Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age STD IN LIFETIME STD IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 3.4   6.8   3.1   0.8   2.3   0.7  
     12-17 0.5   2.3   0.3   0.4   2.0   0.2  
     18-25 3.9   6.1   3.3   2.1   3.7   1.7  
     26-34 5.6   9.0   5.2   1.6   2.1   1.5  
     35-49 4.7   8.3   4.3   0.8   1.9   0.7  
     50-64 3.4   5.9   3.3   0.3   *   0.3  
     65 or Older 0.6   *   0.6   0.1   *   0.0  
MALE 2.6   4.5   2.4   0.5   1.3   0.4  
     12-17 0.2   0.9   0.1   0.1   0.8   0.1  
     18-25 1.5   2.8   1.0   0.8   1.7   0.5  
     26-34 3.6   7.5   2.8   1.1   2.0   0.9  
     35-49 3.9   6.1   3.6   0.7   1.0   0.6  
     50-64 3.1   3.0   3.1   0.0   *   0.0  
     65 or Older 1.1   *   1.1   0.2   *   0.1  
FEMALE 4.2   10.7   3.7   1.2   4.0   1.0  
     12-17 0.8   3.7   0.5   0.6   3.2   0.4  
     18-25 6.4   11.5   5.3   3.4   6.9   2.7  
     26-34 7.6   12.2   7.2   2.0   2.3   2.0  
     35-49 5.4   12.4   4.9   1.0   3.4   0.8  
     50-64 3.6   *   3.4   0.5   *   0.5  
     65 or Older 0.3   *   0.3   *   *   *  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
NOTE: Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) includes chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, and syphilis.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.125A Stroke in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age STROKE IN LIFETIME STROKE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 3,339   155   3,184   1,111   65   1,046  
     12-17 31   6   25   5   0   5  
     18-25 20   8   12   4   3   *  
     26-34 68   4   64   13   *   13  
     35-49 267   40   227   64   5   59  
     50-64 1,155   88   1,067   298   56   242  
     65 or Older 1,798   *   1,788   727   *   727  
MALE 1,468   78   1,391   546   49   497  
     12-17 15   2   13   4   0   4  
     18-25 10   6   4   3   3   *  
     26-34 27   *   27   3   *   3  
     35-49 127   11   116   31   *   31  
     50-64 509   58   451   153   46   107  
     65 or Older 780   *   780   351   *   351  
FEMALE 1,871   78   1,793   565   16   549  
     12-17 16   3   13   *   *   1  
     18-25 10   1   9   *   *   *  
     26-34 41   4   37   10   *   10  
     35-49 140   30   111   33   5   28  
     50-64 645   *   616   145   *   134  
     65 or Older 1,019   *   1,009   376   *   376  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.125B Stroke in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age STROKE IN LIFETIME STROKE IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 1.4   0.7   1.5   0.5   0.3   0.5  
     12-17 0.1   0.3   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.0  
     18-25 0.1   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.0   *  
     26-34 0.2   0.1   0.2   0.0   *   0.0  
     35-49 0.4   0.7   0.4   0.1   0.1   0.1  
     50-64 2.3   3.7   2.3   0.6   2.4   0.5  
     65 or Older 5.1   *   5.2   2.1   *   2.1  
MALE 1.3   0.6   1.4   0.5   0.4   0.5  
     12-17 0.1   0.3   0.1   0.0   0.0   0.0  
     18-25 0.1   0.2   0.0   0.0   0.1   *  
     26-34 0.2   *   0.2   0.0   *   0.0  
     35-49 0.4   0.3   0.4   0.1   *   0.1  
     50-64 2.1   3.4   2.0   0.6   2.7   0.5  
     65 or Older 5.2   *   5.4   2.3   *   2.4  
FEMALE 1.5   1.0   1.5   0.5   0.2   0.5  
     12-17 0.1   0.3   0.1   *   *   0.0  
     18-25 0.1   0.0   0.1   *   *   *  
     26-34 0.2   0.3   0.2   0.1   *   0.1  
     35-49 0.4   1.5   0.4   0.1   0.2   0.1  
     50-64 2.5   *   2.5   0.6   *   0.5  
     65 or Older 5.1   *   5.1   1.9   *   1.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.126A Ulcer(s) in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2005
Gender/Age ULCER(S) IN LIFETIME ULCER(S) IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 8,974   841   8,133   2,827   223   2,604  
     12-17 200   26   174   94   16   78  
     18-25 666   175   491   342   76   267  
     26-34 1,018   156   863   398   71   327  
     35-49 2,563   284   2,279   807   45   761  
     50-64 2,467   161   2,307   603   *   588  
     65 or Older 2,059   *   2,020   583   *   583  
MALE 3,693   460   3,233   969   101   868  
     12-17 90   13   77   44   8   36  
     18-25 264   86   179   127   29   98  
     26-34 408   113   295   164   49   115  
     35-49 994   156   838   267   15   252  
     50-64 993   64   929   149   *   149  
     65 or Older 944   *   915   218   *   218  
FEMALE 5,281   381   4,900   1,858   122   1,736  
     12-17 110   13   97   50   8   42  
     18-25 402   90   312   216   47   169  
     26-34 610   43   567   234   22   212  
     35-49 1,569   128   1,441   540   31   509  
     50-64 1,475   *   1,378   454   *   439  
     65 or Older 1,115   *   1,104   365   *   365  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60503

Table 7.126B Ulcer(s) in Lifetime and Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, Gender, and Age Group: Percentages, 2005
Gender/Age ULCER(S) IN LIFETIME ULCER(S) IN PAST YEAR
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Total Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1,2
Yes No Yes No
TOTAL 3.7   3.9   3.7   1.2   1.0   1.2  
     12-17 0.8   1.3   0.8   0.4   0.8   0.4  
     18-25 2.1   2.5   2.0   1.1   1.1   1.1  
     26-34 3.0   3.7   2.9   1.2   1.7   1.1  
     35-49 4.0   5.0   3.9   1.3   0.8   1.3  
     50-64 5.0   6.7   4.9   1.2   *   1.2  
     65 or Older 5.9   *   5.9   1.7   *   1.7  
MALE 3.2   3.3   3.2   0.8   0.7   0.9  
     12-17 0.7   1.4   0.7   0.4   0.9   0.3  
     18-25 1.7   2.0   1.5   0.8   0.7   0.8  
     26-34 2.4   3.9   2.1   1.0   1.7   0.8  
     35-49 3.1   4.3   3.0   0.8   0.4   0.9  
     50-64 4.1   3.8   4.2   0.6   *   0.7  
     65 or Older 6.3   *   6.3   1.5   *   1.5  
FEMALE 4.3   4.8   4.2   1.5   1.5   1.5  
     12-17 0.9   1.3   0.9   0.4   0.8   0.4  
     18-25 2.5   3.4   2.4   1.4   1.7   1.3  
     26-34 3.5   3.1   3.5   1.3   1.6   1.3  
     35-49 4.8   6.3   4.7   1.6   1.5   1.6  
     50-64 5.8   *   5.5   1.8   *   1.8  
     65 or Older 5.6   *   5.5   1.8   *   1.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate whether a doctor or other medical professional had told them that they had any of 20 listed health conditions in their lifetime or in the past year. Respondents with unknown specific health condition information (e.g., on asthma, bronchitis, diabetes) were excluded.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005.

60504

Table 7.127A No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 19,734 20,108   22,540 22,844   20,779 21,164  
RACE2            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 231   237   259   258   261   263  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  954   1,055   1,024   1,120   983   1,082  
          Asian Only 885   967   945   1,029   910   989  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   78   *   *   93  
     Black or African American 3,350   3,272   3,598   3,580   3,580   3,549  
     White 14,832 15,174   17,241 17,484   15,563 15,884  
     Two or More Races 368   370   419   402   392   385  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 3,283 3,466   3,800 3,981   3,471 3,661  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16,451   16,642   18,741   18,863   17,307   17,503  
          Black or African American 3,215   3,154   3,449   3,442   3,432   3,419  
          White 11,857   12,007   13,781   13,843   12,419   12,542  
GENDER            
     Male 10,145 10,338   11,517   11,637   10,661 10,893  
     Female 9,589 9,769   11,024 11,207   10,117   10,270  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 3,622   3,572   4,033   3,994   3,894   3,836  
     $20,000 - $49,999 6,741   6,736   7,683   7,536   7,121   7,135  
     $50,000 - $74,999 3,782   3,724   4,355   4,290   3,942   3,896  
     $75,000 or More 5,590 6,076   6,470 7,024   5,822 6,297  
REGION            
     Northeast 3,449   3,551   3,994 4,086   3,663   3,705  
     Midwest 4,390   4,422   5,098   5,089   4,622   4,657  
     South 7,262   7,243   8,178   8,187   7,603   7,635  
     West 4,633 4,892   5,270 5,482   4,891 5,167  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.127B No Illicit Drug or Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic NO PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1 Illicit Drugs1 Alcohol
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 78.3 79.3   89.4   90.1   82.4 83.5  
RACE2            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 72.8   77.3   81.7   84.1   82.3   85.9  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  87.5   90.2   94.0   95.8   90.2   92.6  
          Asian Only 88.0   90.8   94.0   96.6   90.5   92.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   93.6   *   *   89.5  
     Black or African American 84.3 81.3   90.5   88.9   90.1 88.2  
     White 76.6 78.2   89.1 90.1   80.4 81.8  
     Two or More Races 77.5 83.2   88.3   90.5   82.5   86.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 77.6   78.9   89.8   90.6   82.0   83.3  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 78.4   79.4   89.3   90.0   82.5 83.5  
          Black or African American 84.5 81.5   90.7   89.0   90.2   88.4  
          White 76.5 78.0   88.9 89.9   80.1 81.5  
GENDER            
     Male 78.8   79.8   89.4   89.9   82.8 84.1  
     Female 77.7   78.8   89.4   90.3   82.0   82.8  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 78.4   79.2   87.3   88.6   84.3   85.0  
     $20,000 - $49,999 78.6 80.5   89.6   90.0   83.1 85.2  
     $50,000 - $74,999 78.0   78.5   89.8   90.5   81.3   82.2  
     $75,000 or More 77.9   78.6   90.2   90.9   81.1   81.4  
REGION            
     Northeast 76.0   78.1   88.1 89.9   80.8   81.5  
     Midwest 77.3   78.0   89.7   89.8   81.4   82.2  
     South 80.7   79.9   90.9   90.3   84.5   84.2  
     West 77.3 80.5   87.9 90.2   81.6 85.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-10A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.128A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 2,674   2,511   1,909 1,730   2,794 2,513  
RACE3            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 58   49   36   33   42   32  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  66   49   46   24   56   39  
          Asian Only 60   36   43 16   50   33  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 5   *   3   *   *   6  
     Black or African American 376   445   257   293   198   224  
     White 2,119 1,926   1,525 1,350   2,443 2,179  
     Two or More Races 56   42   45   30   54   39  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 433   412   284   275   519   467  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,240   2,099   1,624 1,455   2,275 2,046  
          Black or African American 354   427   243   278   186   209  
          White 1,727 1,556   1,266 1,103   1,957 1,751  
GENDER            
     Male 1,360   1,313   1,037   967   1,496 1,341  
     Female 1,314   1,198   872 763   1,298   1,172  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 585   516   406   332   466   427  
     $20,000 - $49,999 890   836   632   551   915 720  
     $50,000 - $74,999 493   452   351   307   565   506  
     $75,000 or More 706   707   520   540   848   859  
REGION            
     Northeast 542   459   389   360   519   492  
     Midwest 584   577   417   389   700   641  
     South 823   878   544   566   845   832  
     West 726 597   559 415   730 548  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10B and 26-11D (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.128B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 10.6   9.9   7.6 6.8   11.1 9.9  
RACE3            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 18.3   15.9   11.3   10.9   13.4   10.4  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  6.0   4.2   4.2   2.0   5.2   3.3  
          Asian Only 6.0   3.4   4.3 1.5   5.0   3.1  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 6.4   *   3.9   *   *   6.0  
     Black or African American 9.5   11.1   6.5   7.3   5.0   5.6  
     White 10.9 9.9   7.9 7.0   12.6 11.2  
     Two or More Races 11.7   9.5   9.5   6.8   11.3   8.9  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 10.2   9.4   6.7   6.3   12.3   10.6  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10.7   10.0   7.7 6.9   10.8 9.8  
          Black or African American 9.3   11.0   6.4   7.2   4.9   5.4  
          White 11.1 10.1   8.2 7.2   12.6 11.4  
GENDER            
     Male 10.6   10.1   8.1   7.5   11.6 10.4  
     Female 10.6   9.7   7.1 6.2   10.5 9.4  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 12.7   11.4   8.8   7.4   10.1   9.5  
     $20,000 - $49,999 10.4   10.0   7.4   6.6   10.7 8.6  
     $50,000 - $74,999 10.2   9.5   7.2   6.5   11.7   10.7  
     $75,000 or More 9.8   9.1   7.2   7.0   11.8   11.1  
REGION            
     Northeast 11.9 10.1   8.6   7.9   11.4   10.8  
     Midwest 10.3   10.2   7.3   6.9   12.3   11.3  
     South 9.1   9.7   6.0   6.2   9.4   9.2  
     West 12.1 9.8   9.3 6.8   12.2 9.0  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10B and 26-11D (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.129A Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 16,397   17,209   12,667   12,896   51,931   52,577  
RACE3            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 163   189   117   138   540   644  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  369   354   245   202   1,402   1,469  
          Asian Only 255   285   156   152   1,202   1,262  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   68   *   51   *   208  
     Black or African American 2,156   2,423   1,797   1,978   5,061 5,734  
     White 13,403   13,938   10,297   10,303   44,282   44,114  
     Two or More Races 306   305   211   275   646   616  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 1,806   2,028   1,258   1,353   6,929   7,144  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 14,591   15,181   11,408   11,543   45,002   45,433  
          Black or African American 2,075   2,341   1,725   1,908   4,936   5,604  
          White 11,756   12,098   9,158   9,100   37,844   37,487  
GENDER            
     Male 10,132   10,768   8,236   8,706   34,699   34,684  
     Female 6,265   6,441   4,431   4,190   17,232   17,893  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 4,594   4,752   3,723   3,501   10,373   10,410  
     $20,000 - $49,999 5,617 6,490   4,277 4,968   18,245   18,217  
     $50,000 - $74,999 2,721   2,638   2,038   1,916   9,292   9,378  
     $75,000 or More 3,465   3,329   2,629   2,512   14,021   14,571  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 3,131   3,507   2,399   2,660   8,407   8,277  
     High School Graduate 5,344   5,868   4,057 4,621   17,144   17,221  
     Some College/College Graduate 7,922   7,834   6,211   5,615   26,381   27,079  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10C and 26-11C (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.129B Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic PAST MONTH USE
Illicit Drug Use1 Marijuana Use Binge Alcohol Use2
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 7.6   7.9   5.9   5.9   24.1   24.1  
RACE3            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 8.5   9.6   6.1   7.0   28.2   32.6  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  3.8   3.6   2.5   2.0   14.5   14.8  
          Asian Only 2.8   3.1   1.7   1.7   13.3   13.8  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   9.0   *   6.6   *   27.2  
     Black or African American 8.7   9.6   7.2   7.8   20.4   22.7  
     White 7.6   7.8   5.8   5.8   25.1   24.8  
     Two or More Races 12.4   11.7   8.6   10.6   26.2   23.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 6.7   7.3   4.7   4.9   25.9   25.8  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7.7   8.0   6.1   6.1   23.9   23.9  
          Black or African American 8.6   9.5   7.1   7.7   20.4   22.7  
          White 7.8   7.9   6.0   6.0   25.0   24.6  
GENDER            
     Male 9.8   10.3   7.9   8.3   33.5   33.0  
     Female 5.6   5.7   4.0   3.7   15.4   15.8  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 10.7   11.4   8.6   8.4   24.1   24.9  
     $20,000 - $49,999 7.2 8.6   5.5 6.6   23.4   24.0  
     $50,000 - $74,999 7.1   6.7   5.3   4.9   24.3   23.8  
     $75,000 or More 6.2   5.5   4.7   4.1   25.1   23.9  
EDUCATION            
     < High School 8.6 9.8   6.6   7.4   23.0   23.2  
     High School Graduate 7.8   8.6   6.0 6.7   25.2   25.1  
     Some College/College Graduate 7.2   6.9   5.6 4.9   23.8   23.8  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-10C and 26-11C (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
3 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.130A Inhalant Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic INHALANT USE IN PAST YEAR
2004 2005
TOTAL 1,168   1,144  
RACE1    
     American Indian or Alaska Native 18   17  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  49   28  
          Asian Only 47   20  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 2   *  
     Black or African American 107   146  
     White 966   928  
     Two or More Races 29   25  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
     Hispanic or Latino 202   195  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 967   949  
          Black or African American 98   142  
          White 783   750  
GENDER    
     Male 587   538  
     Female 581   606  
FAMILY INCOME    
     Less Than $20,000 191   180  
     $20,000 - $49,999 376   392  
     $50,000 - $74,999 258   236  
     $75,000 or More 343   336  
REGION    
     Northeast 227   207  
     Midwest 260   245  
     South 373   394  
     West 308   297  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.130B Inhalant Use in Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic INHALANT USE IN PAST YEAR
2004 2005
TOTAL 4.6   4.5  
RACE1    
     American Indian or Alaska Native 5.7   5.4  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  4.5   2.4  
          Asian Only 4.7   1.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only 2.2   *  
     Black or African American 2.7   3.6  
     White 5.0   4.8  
     Two or More Races 6.0   5.7  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE    
     Hispanic or Latino 4.8   4.4  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4.6   4.5  
          Black or African American 2.6   3.7  
          White 5.1   4.9  
GENDER    
     Male 4.6   4.2  
     Female 4.7   4.9  
FAMILY INCOME    
     Less Than $20,000 4.1   4.0  
     $20,000 - $49,999 4.4   4.7  
     $50,000 - $74,999 5.3   5.0  
     $75,000 or More 4.8   4.3  
REGION    
     Northeast 5.0   4.6  
     Midwest 4.6   4.3  
     South 4.1   4.3  
     West 5.1   4.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-15 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.131A Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 13, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic LIFETIME USE
Marijuana Use Alcohol Use Cigarette Use
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 305   279   1,410   1,294   930   823  
RACE1            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 7   12   20   *   18   25  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  *   10   43   32   20   12  
          Asian Only *   *   41   24   13   9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Black or African American 54   42   226   208   129   128  
     White 231   209   1,082   1,000   735   639  
     Two or More Races 8   7   39   29   27   20  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 63   61   258   266   131   150  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 242   218   1,152 1,027   799 673  
          Black or African American 54   42   209   206   125   116  
          White 170   152   852   756   614 518  
GENDER            
     Male 179   151   744   660   471   414  
     Female 126   128   666   633   458   409  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 99   77   305   260   231   196  
     $20,000 - $49,999 104   101   518   487   365   363  
     $50,000 - $74,999 38   45   252   236   161   136  
     $75,000 or More 64   55   335   311   173 128  
REGION            
     Northeast 45   37   263   200   137   126  
     Midwest 74 43   344   320   246 188  
     South 106   105   485   489   352   350  
     West 80   95   318   284   195   159  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-9 and 27-4 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.131B Marijuana Use, Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 13, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic LIFETIME USE
Marijuana Use Alcohol Use Cigarette Use
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 3.6   3.4   16.9   15.7   11.1   10.0  
RACE1            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 6.3   10.2   18.2   *   16.1   22.4  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  *   2.7   12.3   9.0   5.7   3.4  
          Asian Only *   *   12.7   7.4   4.1   2.9  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Black or African American 3.9   3.3   16.2   16.0   9.3   9.8  
     White 3.7   3.3   17.1   15.9   11.6 10.2  
     Two or More Races 4.6   4.0   21.2   17.1   14.9   11.5  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 4.2   3.9   17.5   17.3   8.9   9.7  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3.5   3.3   16.7   15.4   11.6 10.1  
          Black or African American 4.0   3.4   15.7   16.5   9.4   9.3  
          White 3.4   3.1   17.1   15.5   12.3 10.6  
GENDER            
     Male 4.2   3.6   17.5   15.9   11.1   10.0  
     Female 3.0   3.1   16.2   15.5   11.1   10.0  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 6.2   5.1   19.2   17.3   14.5   13.0  
     $20,000 - $49,999 3.6   3.5   17.8   17.0   12.5   12.7  
     $50,000 - $74,999 2.4   3.2   16.1   16.4   10.2   9.5  
     $75,000 or More 2.8   2.3   14.6   12.8   7.6 5.3  
REGION            
     Northeast 3.0   2.5   17.6 13.7   9.2   8.6  
     Midwest 3.9 2.3   18.2   17.6   13.0 10.3  
     South 3.5   3.6   16.1   16.7   11.7   11.9  
     West 4.0   4.7   16.1   14.2   9.9   7.9  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-9 and 27-4 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.

60504

Table 7.132A Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, Using Cocaine Once a Month, or Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic, Socioeconomic, and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004 and 2005
Demographic/Socioeconomic/Geographic Characteristic PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK
Smoke Marijuana Once a Month1 Use Cocaine Once a Month1 Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week1
2004 2005 2004 2005 2004 2005
TOTAL 8,699   8,487   12,320   12,151   9,514   9,636  
RACE2            
     American Indian or Alaska Native 109   90   154   135   133   117  
     Asian or Pacific Islander  401   436   468   507   507   591  
          Asian Only 374   397   423   451   474   538  
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only *   *   *   *   *   *  
     Black or African American 1,395   1,355   2,134   2,161   1,922   1,932  
     White 6,642   6,486   9,327   9,141   6,777   6,827  
     Two or More Races 153   119   237   206   175   169  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
     Hispanic or Latino 1,553   1,545   1,874 2,024   1,647   1,694  
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,146   6,942   10,446 10,126   7,868   7,942  
          Black or African American 1,329   1,299   2,043   2,076   1,850   1,863  
          White 5,233   5,078   7,640   7,301   5,284   5,284  
GENDER            
     Male 4,130   3,975   6,337   6,248   4,336   4,475  
     Female 4,569   4,511   5,984   5,902   5,178   5,161  
FAMILY INCOME            
     Less Than $20,000 1,609   1,534   2,265   2,279   1,912   1,917  
     $20,000 - $49,999 3,030   2,985   4,220   4,123   3,307   3,290  
     $50,000 - $74,999 1,695 1,497   2,376 2,108   1,769   1,718  
     $75,000 or More 2,366   2,471   3,460   3,641   2,527   2,711  
REGION            
     Northeast 1,391   1,378   2,131   2,107   1,655   1,650  
     Midwest 1,892   1,949   2,733   2,727   1,984   2,040  
     South 3,436 3,249   4,657   4,503   3,616   3,649  
     West 1,981   1,911   2,799   2,813   2,260   2,297  
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Numbers 26-17B, 26-17C, and 26-17A (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
aDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.