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2000 State Estimates of Substance Use & Mental Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Appendix A: Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance

20429
Table A.1 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 13,968       2,280       4,598       7,091      
Alabama 196 (158 - 238) 36 (28 - 44) 69 (57 - 82) 92 (63 - 130)
Alaska 43 (36 - 50) 7 (5 - 8) 14 (12 - 16) 22 (17 - 29)
Arizona 233 (189 - 283) 47 (39 - 57) 69 (56 - 84) 116 (81 - 161)
Arkansas 117 (97 - 139) 24 (20 - 30) 38 (32 - 45) 54 (39 - 74)
California 1,954 (1,746 - 2,179) 295 (270 - 322) 550 (498 - 604) 1,109 (916 - 1,329)
Colorado 300 (248 - 357) 46 (37 - 56) 106 (90 - 124) 147 (106 - 199)
Connecticut 196 (160 - 238) 32 (26 - 39) 59 (48 - 71) 105 (75 - 143)
Delaware 53 (44 - 63) 9 (8 - 11) 18 (15 - 21) 26 (19 - 35)
District of Columbia 30 (25 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 10 (8 - 11) 16 (12 - 22)
Florida 745 (656 - 842) 105 (92 - 120) 207 (186 - 229) 433 (352 - 527)
Georgia 396 (318 - 484) 59 (49 - 72) 129 (106 - 155) 208 (144 - 289)
Hawaii 75 (60 - 91) 11 (9 - 13) 22 (18 - 26) 42 (29 - 58)
Idaho 58 (47 - 69) 10 (8 - 13) 21 (17 - 26) 26 (18 - 36)
Illinois 612 (547 - 681) 105 (94 - 117) 213 (192 - 235) 294 (237 - 359)
Indiana 293 (242 - 350) 48 (39 - 59) 104 (87 - 123) 141 (101 - 191)
Iowa 102 (83 - 124) 17 (14 - 22) 39 (32 - 48) 45 (31 - 64)
Kansas 110 (90 - 133) 22 (18 - 27) 41 (33 - 50) 47 (32 - 66)
Kentucky 192 (159 - 229) 33 (27 - 40) 70 (59 - 83) 89 (62 - 123)
Louisiana 216 (179 - 258) 43 (35 - 52) 78 (64 - 93) 96 (67 - 133)
Maine 72 (61 - 84) 12 (10 - 15) 28 (23 - 32) 32 (23 - 44)
Maryland 242 (196 - 296) 44 (35 - 54) 77 (63 - 93) 121 (83 - 170)
Massachusetts 581 (480 - 692) 73 (60 - 87) 155 (132 - 180) 353 (265 - 459)
Michigan 545 (491 - 603) 88 (79 - 98) 191 (173 - 209) 266 (220 - 319)
Minnesota 236 (195 - 280) 48 (39 - 58) 89 (74 - 105) 99 (69 - 139)
Mississippi 118 (97 - 141) 22 (17 - 28) 46 (38 - 55) 50 (34 - 71)
Missouri 239 (194 - 288) 39 (31 - 49) 92 (75 - 110) 108 (75 - 150)
Montana 49 (41 - 57) 11 (9 - 14) 17 (14 - 20) 20 (14 - 28)
Nebraska 61 (50 - 75) 12 (9 - 15) 24 (19 - 29) 25 (17 - 37)
Nevada 114 (92 - 139) 17 (14 - 21) 30 (25 - 37) 66 (48 - 89)
New Hampshire 66 (55 - 77) 13 (11 - 16) 23 (19 - 28) 29 (21 - 39)
New Jersey 410 (339 - 491) 59 (49 - 70) 140 (116 - 166) 212 (153 - 286)
New Mexico 105 (87 - 126) 21 (17 - 25) 34 (28 - 40) 51 (37 - 69)
New York 855 (754 - 966) 129 (112 - 147) 310 (278 - 344) 417 (328 - 521)
North Carolina 422 (345 - 510) 62 (51 - 74) 130 (110 - 152) 230 (165 - 312)
North Dakota 22 (18 - 27) 5 (4 - 7) 9 (7 - 11) 8 (5 - 12)
Ohio 520 (464 - 580) 82 (72 - 92) 192 (174 - 211) 246 (200 - 301)
Oklahoma 137 (108 - 170) 27 (21 - 34) 41 (33 - 50) 69 (46 - 98)
Oregon 212 (174 - 253) 34 (28 - 41) 70 (59 - 82) 108 (76 - 147)
Pennsylvania 591 (519 - 669) 81 (72 - 92) 182 (163 - 201) 328 (264 - 401)
Rhode Island 67 (56 - 79) 11 (8 - 13) 23 (19 - 27) 33 (24 - 44)
South Carolina 160 (130 - 196) 28 (23 - 35) 53 (43 - 64) 79 (55 - 111)
South Dakota 29 (24 - 35) 6 (5 - 8) 11 (9 - 13) 12 (8 - 17)
Tennessee 275 (224 - 332) 44 (35 - 54) 88 (72 - 106) 143 (102 - 195)
Texas 774 (691 - 863) 169 (151 - 189) 299 (269 - 331) 306 (240 - 385)
Utah 85 (69 - 103) 16 (12 - 20) 32 (25 - 39) 38 (25 - 54)
Vermont 43 (36 - 51) 7 (6 - 9) 17 (14 - 19) 19 (13 - 26)
Virginia 271 (218 - 332) 41 (32 - 50) 94 (76 - 116) 136 (93 - 191)
Washington 356 (291 - 431) 54 (45 - 65) 102 (86 - 120) 200 (144 - 270)
West Virginia 73 (60 - 88) 15 (12 - 18) 29 (24 - 35) 29 (19 - 41)
Wisconsin 293 (246 - 343) 51 (42 - 60) 106 (90 - 124) 136 (100 - 180)
Wyoming 24 (20 - 29) 4 (4 - 5) 9 (8 - 11) 10 (7 - 14)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.2 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 6.28       9.79       16.01       4.17      
Alabama 5.38 (4.36 - 6.56) 9.62 (7.61 - 11.95) 14.43 (11.95 - 17.20) 3.29 (2.24 - 4.64)
Alaska 8.80 (7.45 - 10.31) 10.67 (8.73 - 12.86) 19.90 (16.88 - 23.20) 6.26 (4.73 - 8.10)
Arizona 6.10 (4.95 - 7.41) 11.03 (9.00 - 13.35) 13.60 (10.98 - 16.59) 4.04 (2.81 - 5.60)
Arkansas 5.44 (4.53 - 6.46) 10.79 (8.71 - 13.18) 13.79 (11.59 - 16.23) 3.31 (2.37 - 4.49)
California 7.62 (6.81 - 8.50) 10.44 (9.55 - 11.38) 15.82 (14.34 - 17.39) 5.74 (4.74 - 6.88)
Colorado 8.86 (7.35 - 10.57) 12.96 (10.47 - 15.78) 23.91 (20.33 - 27.79) 5.71 (4.10 - 7.72)
Connecticut 7.26 (5.92 - 8.81) 12.56 (10.16 - 15.29) 19.34 (15.78 - 23.33) 4.91 (3.50 - 6.67)
Delaware 8.45 (7.06 - 10.01) 14.25 (11.83 - 16.96) 22.98 (19.65 - 26.58) 5.38 (3.87 - 7.27)
District of Columbia 7.05 (5.79 - 8.49) 9.39 (7.30 - 11.85) 16.87 (14.10 - 19.94) 5.02 (3.65 - 6.73)
Florida 5.92 (5.21 - 6.69) 8.99 (7.84 - 10.24) 15.30 (13.75 - 16.95) 4.31 (3.50 - 5.23)
Georgia 6.28 (5.05 - 7.69) 8.82 (7.24 - 10.62) 15.09 (12.38 - 18.15) 4.35 (3.03 - 6.05)
Hawaii 7.67 (6.17 - 9.40) 11.34 (9.07 - 13.94) 18.77 (15.36 - 22.58) 5.53 (3.87 - 7.64)
Idaho 5.37 (4.44 - 6.44) 7.96 (6.34 - 9.85) 13.08 (10.76 - 15.69) 3.35 (2.36 - 4.60)
Illinois 6.27 (5.61 - 6.99) 10.52 (9.38 - 11.74) 16.41 (14.80 - 18.13) 3.94 (3.19 - 4.82)
Indiana 5.93 (4.91 - 7.09) 9.40 (7.60 - 11.46) 15.76 (13.23 - 18.56) 3.75 (2.68 - 5.08)
Iowa 4.28 (3.48 - 5.19) 6.92 (5.40 - 8.72) 12.45 (10.15 - 15.06) 2.50 (1.71 - 3.52)
Kansas 5.12 (4.17 - 6.22) 9.20 (7.31 - 11.39) 14.22 (11.52 - 17.28) 2.90 (1.99 - 4.09)
Kentucky 5.87 (4.87 - 7.00) 10.05 (8.16 - 12.21) 16.19 (13.62 - 19.04) 3.54 (2.49 - 4.88)
Louisiana 6.09 (5.05 - 7.27) 10.18 (8.32 - 12.29) 15.04 (12.44 - 17.95) 3.67 (2.55 - 5.10)
Maine 6.88 (5.82 - 8.07) 11.69 (9.59 - 14.06) 22.77 (19.23 - 26.63) 3.95 (2.84 - 5.33)
Maryland 5.69 (4.60 - 6.95) 10.44 (8.32 - 12.90) 15.37 (12.55 - 18.54) 3.63 (2.50 - 5.09)
Massachusetts 11.35 (9.40 - 13.55) 14.58 (12.09 - 17.35) 25.76 (21.90 - 29.93) 8.82 (6.61 - 11.47)
Michigan 6.89 (6.22 - 7.62) 10.60 (9.47 - 11.81) 18.53 (16.80 - 20.35) 4.41 (3.65 - 5.27)
Minnesota 5.97 (4.96 - 7.12) 11.03 (9.01 - 13.33) 16.74 (13.98 - 19.79) 3.34 (2.31 - 4.67)
Mississippi 5.21 (4.29 - 6.25) 8.48 (6.67 - 10.61) 14.22 (11.76 - 16.97) 2.98 (2.01 - 4.24)
Missouri 5.27 (4.31 - 6.38) 8.23 (6.50 - 10.23) 15.53 (12.70 - 18.71) 3.13 (2.18 - 4.35)
Montana 6.32 (5.31 - 7.46) 13.42 (11.01 - 16.14) 17.08 (14.47 - 19.96) 3.48 (2.45 - 4.77)
Nebraska 4.47 (3.61 - 5.46) 7.66 (6.02 - 9.58) 12.83 (10.37 - 15.63) 2.48 (1.65 - 3.56)
Nevada 7.49 (6.06 - 9.13) 11.80 (9.52 - 14.40) 16.95 (13.89 - 20.38) 5.55 (4.00 - 7.46)
New Hampshire 6.55 (5.50 - 7.74) 12.68 (10.44 - 15.21) 19.76 (16.35 - 23.53) 3.73 (2.69 - 5.02)
New Jersey 6.13 (5.06 - 7.33) 9.40 (7.77 - 11.24) 17.92 (14.87 - 21.30) 4.00 (2.88 - 5.40)
New Mexico 7.13 (5.91 - 8.51) 11.83 (9.72 - 14.21) 16.12 (13.26 - 19.33) 4.67 (3.36 - 6.31)
New York 5.79 (5.10 - 6.54) 8.77 (7.62 - 10.04) 17.07 (15.32 - 18.94) 3.63 (2.86 - 4.53)
North Carolina 6.68 (5.46 - 8.07) 9.64 (7.97 - 11.54) 16.83 (14.21 - 19.72) 4.70 (3.37 - 6.36)
North Dakota 4.19 (3.43 - 5.07) 8.75 (6.98 - 10.81) 11.35 (9.22 - 13.79) 2.11 (1.39 - 3.07)
Ohio 5.60 (5.00 - 6.25) 8.57 (7.55 - 9.67) 15.91 (14.43 - 17.48) 3.46 (2.80 - 4.23)
Oklahoma 4.99 (3.96 - 6.20) 8.69 (6.71 - 11.02) 11.34 (9.15 - 13.86) 3.32 (2.22 - 4.77)
Oregon 7.52 (6.19 - 9.03) 12.37 (10.10 - 14.94) 19.98 (16.91 - 23.33) 4.94 (3.50 - 6.73)
Pennsylvania 5.85 (5.14 - 6.62) 8.26 (7.27 - 9.34) 15.39 (13.80 - 17.08) 4.13 (3.33 - 5.05)
Rhode Island 8.12 (6.80 - 9.60) 12.64 (10.22 - 15.40) 24.46 (20.75 - 28.49) 5.19 (3.81 - 6.88)
South Carolina 5.15 (4.16 - 6.28) 8.72 (6.97 - 10.74) 13.72 (11.15 - 16.64) 3.30 (2.29 - 4.60)
South Dakota 4.75 (3.93 - 5.69) 8.51 (6.83 - 10.45) 12.57 (10.25 - 15.21) 2.68 (1.86 - 3.72)
Tennessee 5.94 (4.85 - 7.18) 9.49 (7.59 - 11.68) 14.83 (12.19 - 17.80) 4.02 (2.86 - 5.47)
Texas 4.86 (4.34 - 5.42) 9.04 (8.06 - 10.10) 12.78 (11.49 - 14.16) 2.61 (2.04 - 3.28)
Utah 5.01 (4.08 - 6.09) 6.46 (4.97 - 8.24) 9.84 (7.86 - 12.14) 3.35 (2.25 - 4.79)
Vermont 8.50 (7.13 - 10.04) 13.61 (11.30 - 16.20) 26.98 (23.21 - 31.01) 4.87 (3.41 - 6.71)
Virginia 4.82 (3.87 - 5.92) 7.26 (5.76 - 9.01) 13.76 (11.05 - 16.86) 3.11 (2.13 - 4.38)
Washington 7.51 (6.14 - 9.07) 11.19 (9.23 - 13.40) 17.05 (14.33 - 20.05) 5.46 (3.93 - 7.37)
West Virginia 4.69 (3.86 - 5.64) 10.60 (8.55 - 12.94) 14.89 (12.26 - 17.84) 2.38 (1.60 - 3.42)
Wisconsin 6.68 (5.63 - 7.86) 10.63 (8.82 - 12.66) 18.19 (15.36 - 21.30) 4.12 (3.03 - 5.46)
Wyoming 5.67 (4.70 - 6.77) 9.07 (7.27 - 11.15) 15.41 (12.79 - 18.34) 3.24 (2.27 - 4.48)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.3 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 10,675       1,687       3,932       5,056      
Alabama 140 (108 - 177) 24 (18 - 30) 53 (43 - 65) 63 (40 - 96)
Alaska 31 (25 - 37) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 14) 13 (9 - 19)
Arizona 173 (134 - 219) 32 (25 - 40) 58 (46 - 72) 83 (53 - 124)
Arkansas 84 (66 - 105) 16 (12 - 20) 28 (23 - 34) 40 (26 - 58)
California 1,459 (1,285 - 1,648) 212 (190 - 236) 469 (422 - 519) 778 (624 - 957)
Colorado 264 (214 - 320) 39 (31 - 47) 91 (77 - 106) 134 (92 - 188)
Connecticut 154 (122 - 192) 26 (20 - 32) 52 (42 - 64) 76 (51 - 109)
Delaware 45 (37 - 55) 8 (6 - 9) 16 (14 - 19) 22 (15 - 31)
District of Columbia 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 12 (8 - 17)
Florida 597 (514 - 688) 77 (67 - 90) 177 (158 - 198) 342 (268 - 430)
Georgia 281 (218 - 354) 40 (32 - 49) 102 (83 - 125) 139 (90 - 205)
Hawaii 59 (45 - 75) 8 (6 - 11) 17 (13 - 21) 34 (22 - 50)
Idaho 44 (35 - 54) 8 (6 - 10) 18 (15 - 22) 18 (12 - 27)
Illinois 465 (411 - 524) 81 (71 - 92) 185 (166 - 205) 199 (155 - 252)
Indiana 219 (175 - 270) 38 (30 - 48) 81 (67 - 97) 100 (66 - 145)
Iowa 67 (52 - 84) 12 (9 - 16) 30 (23 - 37) 24 (15 - 38)
Kansas 79 (63 - 98) 16 (13 - 21) 35 (28 - 42) 28 (18 - 43)
Kentucky 138 (111 - 169) 22 (18 - 28) 55 (45 - 66) 61 (40 - 88)
Louisiana 133 (106 - 164) 25 (20 - 32) 58 (47 - 70) 50 (32 - 74)
Maine 62 (51 - 75) 10 (8 - 12) 25 (21 - 29) 28 (19 - 39)
Maryland 190 (149 - 238) 35 (27 - 43) 67 (54 - 81) 89 (56 - 133)
Massachusetts 463 (377 - 557) 62 (50 - 75) 150 (128 - 173) 252 (180 - 341)
Michigan 448 (397 - 503) 66 (58 - 75) 171 (154 - 188) 211 (168 - 261)
Minnesota 187 (152 - 225) 39 (32 - 49) 80 (67 - 95) 68 (43 - 100)
Mississippi 72 (57 - 88) 14 (10 - 18) 34 (28 - 42) 23 (14 - 37)
Missouri 196 (155 - 242) 31 (24 - 40) 80 (65 - 98) 85 (55 - 124)
Montana 38 (31 - 45) 8 (6 - 10) 15 (12 - 18) 15 (10 - 22)
Nebraska 47 (38 - 59) 10 (7 - 12) 22 (17 - 27) 16 (10 - 25)
Nevada 81 (64 - 100) 14 (11 - 17) 25 (20 - 30) 42 (29 - 60)
New Hampshire 60 (49 - 72) 11 (9 - 14) 22 (18 - 27) 26 (18 - 37)
New Jersey 310 (247 - 383) 43 (34 - 52) 116 (95 - 140) 151 (102 - 216)
New Mexico 88 (71 - 107) 17 (13 - 20) 32 (26 - 38) 39 (26 - 57)
New York 665 (580 - 759) 100 (85 - 117) 287 (256 - 319) 278 (209 - 363)
North Carolina 347 (273 - 434) 42 (33 - 52) 111 (92 - 132) 195 (132 - 276)
North Dakota 17 (13 - 21) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 10) 5 (3 - 8)
Ohio 399 (352 - 451) 61 (53 - 71) 166 (150 - 183) 172 (133 - 218)
Oklahoma 83 (63 - 106) 17 (13 - 23) 31 (24 - 38) 35 (21 - 55)
Oregon 184 (147 - 225) 26 (21 - 32) 62 (52 - 73) 96 (66 - 135)
Pennsylvania 451 (395 - 513) 64 (55 - 73) 165 (147 - 183) 223 (174 - 281)
Rhode Island 59 (48 - 71) 9 (7 - 11) 20 (17 - 24) 30 (22 - 41)
South Carolina 125 (97 - 158) 21 (16 - 27) 48 (38 - 59) 56 (35 - 84)
South Dakota 23 (18 - 29) 5 (4 - 6) 10 (8 - 12) 8 (5 - 13)
Tennessee 200 (157 - 248) 30 (23 - 39) 67 (54 - 81) 103 (69 - 147)
Texas 536 (467 - 611) 111 (96 - 128) 242 (214 - 271) 183 (132 - 248)
Utah 54 (41 - 68) 12 (9 - 16) 24 (18 - 30) 18 (10 - 29)
Vermont 37 (31 - 44) 6 (5 - 7) 15 (13 - 18) 16 (11 - 22)
Virginia 232 (180 - 294) 33 (25 - 41) 86 (69 - 106) 114 (74 - 167)
Washington 267 (211 - 332) 42 (34 - 52) 85 (71 - 102) 139 (93 - 200)
West Virginia 54 (42 - 68) 10 (8 - 13) 21 (17 - 26) 23 (14 - 35)
Wisconsin 230 (189 - 273) 39 (31 - 47) 97 (81 - 114) 94 (65 - 132)
Wyoming 19 (15 - 23) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 10) 7 (4 - 11)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.4 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 4.80       7.24       13.69       2.97      
Alabama 3.84 (2.98 - 4.87) 6.40 (4.88 - 8.21) 11.18 (8.99 - 13.69) 2.27 (1.42 - 3.43)
Alaska 6.35 (5.22 - 7.65) 8.65 (6.90 - 10.68) 17.35 (14.47 - 20.53) 3.76 (2.58 - 5.28)
Arizona 4.53 (3.51 - 5.75) 7.48 (5.91 - 9.32) 11.40 (9.04 - 14.12) 2.89 (1.84 - 4.30)
Arkansas 3.89 (3.06 - 4.87) 7.09 (5.55 - 8.89) 10.00 (8.12 - 12.13) 2.43 (1.59 - 3.56)
California 5.69 (5.01 - 6.43) 7.50 (6.72 - 8.33) 13.49 (12.15 - 14.92) 4.02 (3.23 - 4.95)
Colorado 7.80 (6.34 - 9.47) 10.80 (8.63 - 13.30) 20.49 (17.38 - 23.88) 5.21 (3.58 - 7.28)
Connecticut 5.70 (4.51 - 7.10) 9.99 (7.88 - 12.44) 17.05 (13.70 - 20.84) 3.57 (2.39 - 5.12)
Delaware 7.24 (5.90 - 8.77) 11.89 (9.76 - 14.30) 20.81 (17.71 - 24.19) 4.48 (3.04 - 6.35)
District of Columbia 5.23 (4.07 - 6.61) 7.25 (5.31 - 9.63) 12.48 (10.01 - 15.30) 3.69 (2.44 - 5.34)
Florida 4.74 (4.09 - 5.47) 6.63 (5.70 - 7.66) 13.11 (11.69 - 14.65) 3.40 (2.66 - 4.27)
Georgia 4.45 (3.47 - 5.63) 5.89 (4.72 - 7.25) 12.01 (9.70 - 14.63) 2.91 (1.88 - 4.30)
Hawaii 6.07 (4.65 - 7.75) 8.72 (6.73 - 11.07) 14.35 (11.35 - 17.79) 4.48 (2.91 - 6.56)
Idaho 4.12 (3.29 - 5.08) 5.99 (4.64 - 7.59) 11.12 (9.01 - 13.51) 2.36 (1.53 - 3.46)
Illinois 4.77 (4.22 - 5.37) 8.13 (7.11 - 9.24) 14.25 (12.79 - 15.79) 2.67 (2.08 - 3.38)
Indiana 4.43 (3.54 - 5.47) 7.48 (5.91 - 9.32) 12.26 (10.09 - 14.72) 2.65 (1.74 - 3.85)
Iowa 2.79 (2.16 - 3.53) 4.94 (3.65 - 6.53) 9.43 (7.40 - 11.80) 1.34 (0.80 - 2.10)
Kansas 3.68 (2.94 - 4.55) 6.82 (5.29 - 8.64) 12.00 (9.70 - 14.61) 1.74 (1.09 - 2.65)
Kentucky 4.21 (3.39 - 5.17) 6.79 (5.36 - 8.47) 12.71 (10.47 - 15.24) 2.41 (1.60 - 3.49)
Louisiana 3.74 (2.99 - 4.61) 6.07 (4.72 - 7.67) 11.19 (9.04 - 13.65) 1.89 (1.21 - 2.83)
Maine 5.95 (4.88 - 7.16) 9.25 (7.39 - 11.40) 20.31 (17.01 - 23.92) 3.42 (2.35 - 4.80)
Maryland 4.46 (3.50 - 5.58) 8.25 (6.50 - 10.30) 13.23 (10.76 - 16.02) 2.66 (1.68 - 3.99)
Massachusetts 9.03 (7.39 - 10.90) 12.35 (10.01 - 15.02) 24.81 (21.21 - 28.69) 6.28 (4.49 - 8.52)
Michigan 5.66 (5.02 - 6.36) 7.94 (6.92 - 9.05) 16.61 (15.01 - 18.30) 3.49 (2.78 - 4.32)
Minnesota 4.73 (3.87 - 5.72) 9.13 (7.31 - 11.24) 15.08 (12.56 - 17.89) 2.27 (1.46 - 3.36)
Mississippi 3.16 (2.52 - 3.91) 5.28 (3.97 - 6.88) 10.67 (8.61 - 13.03) 1.40 (0.84 - 2.19)
Missouri 4.33 (3.44 - 5.37) 6.55 (5.06 - 8.32) 13.62 (10.95 - 16.66) 2.45 (1.60 - 3.59)
Montana 4.89 (4.01 - 5.90) 9.26 (7.34 - 11.49) 15.05 (12.63 - 17.73) 2.55 (1.68 - 3.71)
Nebraska 3.45 (2.74 - 4.28) 6.17 (4.69 - 7.94) 11.54 (9.22 - 14.22) 1.57 (0.97 - 2.41)
Nevada 5.31 (4.21 - 6.61) 9.54 (7.55 - 11.85) 13.73 (10.93 - 16.95) 3.54 (2.39 - 5.02)
New Hampshire 5.96 (4.86 - 7.23) 10.73 (8.61 - 13.17) 18.74 (15.36 - 22.52) 3.39 (2.32 - 4.77)
New Jersey 4.63 (3.69 - 5.72) 6.81 (5.46 - 8.37) 14.88 (12.14 - 17.96) 2.86 (1.93 - 4.08)
New Mexico 5.93 (4.78 - 7.26) 9.52 (7.58 - 11.77) 15.15 (12.42 - 18.21) 3.60 (2.40 - 5.18)
New York 4.50 (3.93 - 5.14) 6.83 (5.82 - 7.96) 15.79 (14.11 - 17.59) 2.42 (1.82 - 3.16)
North Carolina 5.50 (4.33 - 6.87) 6.51 (5.16 - 8.08) 14.35 (11.88 - 17.11) 3.98 (2.71 - 5.63)
North Dakota 3.17 (2.53 - 3.92) 6.80 (5.25 - 8.64) 10.16 (8.13 - 12.50) 1.27 (0.73 - 2.05)
Ohio 4.30 (3.79 - 4.86) 6.44 (5.55 - 7.41) 13.77 (12.42 - 15.21) 2.41 (1.87 - 3.07)
Oklahoma 3.02 (2.31 - 3.88) 5.66 (4.21 - 7.41) 8.39 (6.58 - 10.50) 1.68 (1.01 - 2.64)
Oregon 6.53 (5.23 - 8.03) 9.39 (7.48 - 11.61) 17.68 (14.76 - 20.90) 4.40 (3.02 - 6.18)
Pennsylvania 4.47 (3.91 - 5.08) 6.46 (5.58 - 7.43) 13.96 (12.48 - 15.55) 2.81 (2.19 - 3.54)
Rhode Island 7.20 (5.88 - 8.71) 10.35 (8.16 - 12.88) 21.79 (18.36 - 25.52) 4.70 (3.35 - 6.41)
South Carolina 4.02 (3.13 - 5.07) 6.54 (5.05 - 8.30) 12.49 (9.97 - 15.38) 2.33 (1.48 - 3.50)
South Dakota 3.73 (2.96 - 4.64) 6.50 (5.05 - 8.22) 11.37 (9.03 - 14.06) 1.85 (1.17 - 2.79)
Tennessee 4.31 (3.40 - 5.37) 6.57 (5.05 - 8.37) 11.23 (9.05 - 13.73) 2.88 (1.94 - 4.11)
Texas 3.36 (2.93 - 3.83) 5.92 (5.12 - 6.82) 10.34 (9.16 - 11.60) 1.56 (1.12 - 2.11)
Utah 3.15 (2.44 - 3.99) 4.85 (3.58 - 6.41) 7.44 (5.73 - 9.47) 1.58 (0.91 - 2.56)
Vermont 7.26 (6.09 - 8.58) 10.62 (8.63 - 12.89) 24.60 (21.10 - 28.36) 4.05 (2.88 - 5.53)
Virginia 4.13 (3.20 - 5.24) 5.82 (4.50 - 7.39) 12.50 (9.99 - 15.39) 2.60 (1.69 - 3.83)
Washington 5.62 (4.45 - 6.99) 8.70 (7.00 - 10.64) 14.28 (11.81 - 17.05) 3.80 (2.53 - 5.47)
West Virginia 3.49 (2.74 - 4.37) 7.32 (5.71 - 9.22) 10.67 (8.56 - 13.11) 1.90 (1.17 - 2.92)
Wisconsin 5.24 (4.33 - 6.27) 8.08 (6.59 - 9.77) 16.60 (13.88 - 19.61) 2.86 (1.96 - 4.01)
Wyoming 4.40 (3.53 - 5.42) 7.42 (5.82 - 9.29) 12.99 (10.63 - 15.65) 2.26 (1.43 - 3.39)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.5 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 98,119       8,809       8,483       80,827      
Alabama 1,890 (1,756 - 2,026) 161 (146 - 175) 158 (141 - 175) 1,572 (1,442 - 1,699)
Alaska 158 (143 - 173) 20 (18 - 22) 14 (12 - 16) 124 (110 - 138)
Arizona 1,724 (1,585 - 1,864) 157 (142 - 172) 159 (140 - 178) 1,409 (1,275 - 1,543)
Arkansas 1,050 (981 - 1,120) 94 (86 - 103) 90 (81 - 100) 866 (799 - 932)
California 10,586 (10,084 - 11,094) 1,005 (961 - 1,048) 1,141 (1,076 - 1,208) 8,440 (7,950 - 8,936)
Colorado 1,074 (961 - 1,193) 97 (85 - 109) 90 (76 - 105) 887 (778 - 1,000)
Connecticut 1,052 (951 - 1,155) 77 (67 - 86) 75 (63 - 88) 901 (804 - 999)
Delaware 245 (225 - 266) 22 (20 - 24) 21 (18 - 23) 203 (183 - 222)
District of Columbia 189 (174 - 204) 16 (15 - 18) 16 (14 - 17) 157 (143 - 171)
Florida 5,993 (5,730 - 6,257) 501 (476 - 527) 478 (448 - 507) 5,014 (4,756 - 5,272)
Georgia 2,974 (2,751 - 3,201) 257 (237 - 278) 266 (236 - 299) 2,450 (2,231 - 2,668)
Hawaii 398 (364 - 432) 35 (32 - 39) 34 (29 - 39) 328 (296 - 362)
Idaho 465 (433 - 498) 54 (49 - 58) 51 (45 - 56) 361 (330 - 392)
Illinois 4,195 (4,004 - 4,389) 383 (363 - 402) 382 (357 - 408) 3,431 (3,242 - 3,620)
Indiana 2,256 (2,084 - 2,431) 213 (197 - 231) 188 (167 - 211) 1,854 (1,689 - 2,020)
Iowa 1,074 (996 - 1,153) 111 (102 - 120) 101 (90 - 113) 862 (788 - 938)
Kansas 930 (857 - 1,005) 90 (82 - 99) 79 (69 - 89) 761 (690 - 832)
Kentucky 1,651 (1,543 - 1,760) 136 (124 - 148) 132 (119 - 145) 1,383 (1,279 - 1,487)
Louisiana 1,840 (1,725 - 1,955) 176 (162 - 190) 166 (148 - 184) 1,498 (1,388 - 1,606)
Maine 399 (369 - 430) 35 (31 - 39) 26 (22 - 30) 338 (309 - 368)
Maryland 1,713 (1,564 - 1,864) 153 (138 - 169) 144 (126 - 163) 1,415 (1,273 - 1,560)
Massachusetts 1,799 (1,617 - 1,991) 146 (128 - 164) 110 (91 - 130) 1,544 (1,366 - 1,727)
Michigan 3,271 (3,127 - 3,416) 306 (290 - 323) 270 (250 - 290) 2,695 (2,554 - 2,837)
Minnesota 1,561 (1,440 - 1,687) 158 (143 - 173) 137 (121 - 155) 1,266 (1,150 - 1,384)
Mississippi 1,236 (1,158 - 1,313) 119 (109 - 128) 123 (111 - 135) 995 (920 - 1,068)
Missouri 2,070 (1,914 - 2,229) 195 (178 - 213) 159 (139 - 180) 1,715 (1,565 - 1,866)
Montana 303 (279 - 327) 28 (25 - 31) 24 (21 - 28) 250 (228 - 273)
Nebraska 595 (552 - 638) 62 (56 - 68) 51 (45 - 58) 481 (441 - 522)
Nevada 588 (535 - 642) 48 (43 - 53) 50 (44 - 58) 490 (439 - 542)
New Hampshire 334 (304 - 365) 31 (27 - 34) 22 (18 - 26) 281 (252 - 311)
New Jersey 2,941 (2,708 - 3,177) 226 (206 - 247) 220 (191 - 250) 2,495 (2,268 - 2,724)
New Mexico 590 (545 - 636) 54 (48 - 60) 62 (54 - 70) 475 (432 - 518)
New York 6,898 (6,573 - 7,224) 525 (493 - 557) 491 (455 - 529) 5,882 (5,563 - 6,199)
North Carolina 2,779 (2,563 - 3,000) 250 (231 - 270) 204 (180 - 230) 2,326 (2,115 - 2,537)
North Dakota 238 (221 - 255) 25 (23 - 27) 23 (20 - 25) 190 (174 - 206)
Ohio 4,080 (3,907 - 4,255) 368 (348 - 387) 329 (306 - 352) 3,384 (3,213 - 3,555)
Oklahoma 1,316 (1,216 - 1,418) 131 (119 - 144) 132 (119 - 146) 1,053 (956 - 1,149)
Oregon 962 (861 - 1,068) 89 (79 - 98) 70 (59 - 82) 803 (705 - 905)
Pennsylvania 4,683 (4,473 - 4,894) 381 (362 - 401) 322 (300 - 345) 3,979 (3,773 - 4,186)
Rhode Island 313 (287 - 339) 27 (24 - 30) 18 (15 - 21) 267 (243 - 293)
South Carolina 1,533 (1,424 - 1,643) 134 (122 - 146) 139 (125 - 154) 1,260 (1,155 - 1,364)
South Dakota 271 (252 - 291) 28 (26 - 31) 24 (21 - 27) 219 (200 - 237)
Tennessee 2,224 (2,063 - 2,388) 179 (162 - 197) 182 (161 - 204) 1,863 (1,705 - 2,020)
Texas 7,943 (7,644 - 8,243) 772 (737 - 807) 825 (779 - 871) 6,347 (6,053 - 6,638)
Utah 798 (750 - 848) 110 (102 - 119) 117 (106 - 128) 571 (527 - 616)
Vermont 151 (136 - 166) 14 (12 - 15) 12 (10 - 14) 126 (112 - 140)
Virginia 2,468 (2,282 - 2,657) 219 (201 - 238) 190 (165 - 217) 2,058 (1,880 - 2,238)
Washington 1,742 (1,569 - 1,920) 156 (141 - 172) 153 (134 - 173) 1,432 (1,264 - 1,605)
West Virginia 749 (703 - 798) 58 (52 - 63) 59 (52 - 65) 633 (588 - 678)
Wisconsin 1,653 (1,515 - 1,798) 159 (145 - 173) 139 (121 - 158) 1,355 (1,221 - 1,493)
Wyoming 174 (160 - 188) 18 (16 - 20) 17 (15 - 19) 139 (126 - 152)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.6 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 44.16       37.83       29.53       47.49      
Alabama 52.00 (48.28 - 55.71) 43.37 (39.48 - 47.32) 33.20 (29.64 - 36.90) 56.32 (51.68 - 60.88)
Alaska 32.40 (29.43 - 35.48) 31.80 (28.39 - 35.36) 19.96 (16.94 - 23.25) 34.99 (31.13 - 38.99)
Arizona 45.18 (41.54 - 48.85) 36.47 (32.97 - 40.08) 31.34 (27.64 - 35.23) 48.91 (44.26 - 53.56)
Arkansas 48.94 (45.71 - 52.18) 41.89 (38.22 - 45.63) 32.34 (29.00 - 35.83) 52.69 (48.62 - 56.72)
California 41.30 (39.34 - 43.28) 35.52 (33.99 - 37.07) 32.84 (30.95 - 34.76) 43.67 (41.13 - 46.23)
Colorado 31.82 (28.46 - 35.33) 27.20 (23.89 - 30.70) 20.28 (17.13 - 23.73) 34.44 (30.22 - 38.85)
Connecticut 39.00 (35.27 - 42.83) 29.99 (26.32 - 33.86) 24.41 (20.51 - 28.64) 42.16 (37.64 - 46.78)
Delaware 39.24 (36.03 - 42.53) 34.47 (31.03 - 38.03) 26.83 (23.54 - 30.32) 41.83 (37.89 - 45.86)
District of Columbia 44.48 (41.05 - 47.95) 37.70 (33.70 - 41.83) 27.34 (24.08 - 30.78) 48.39 (44.16 - 52.63)
Florida 47.62 (45.52 - 49.71) 42.89 (40.69 - 45.12) 35.36 (33.20 - 37.57) 49.81 (47.24 - 52.37)
Georgia 47.24 (43.68 - 50.82) 38.18 (35.19 - 41.24) 31.24 (27.64 - 35.01) 51.35 (46.76 - 55.92)
Hawaii 40.92 (37.42 - 44.49) 37.08 (33.20 - 41.09) 29.41 (25.24 - 33.86) 43.15 (38.86 - 47.51)
Idaho 43.53 (40.48 - 46.61) 41.45 (37.87 - 45.10) 31.22 (27.90 - 34.70) 46.43 (42.50 - 50.39)
Illinois 43.04 (41.07 - 45.02) 38.32 (36.37 - 40.30) 29.48 (27.53 - 31.48) 46.03 (43.50 - 48.57)
Indiana 45.77 (42.27 - 49.30) 41.69 (38.40 - 45.04) 28.50 (25.31 - 31.85) 49.34 (44.93 - 53.74)
Iowa 45.04 (41.77 - 48.35) 44.18 (40.59 - 47.82) 31.93 (28.31 - 35.72) 47.44 (43.33 - 51.57)
Kansas 43.36 (39.92 - 46.84) 37.46 (33.92 - 41.10) 27.24 (23.82 - 30.87) 47.09 (42.73 - 51.49)
Kentucky 50.42 (47.11 - 53.72) 41.30 (37.73 - 44.95) 30.32 (27.28 - 33.48) 55.07 (50.90 - 59.19)
Louisiana 51.80 (48.56 - 55.03) 41.89 (38.57 - 45.27) 32.14 (28.71 - 35.71) 57.27 (53.07 - 61.39)
Maine 38.20 (35.31 - 41.14) 33.87 (30.50 - 37.37) 21.13 (17.92 - 24.62) 41.24 (37.73 - 44.82)
Maryland 40.20 (36.71 - 43.76) 36.67 (33.06 - 40.38) 28.57 (25.08 - 32.25) 42.40 (38.14 - 46.75)
Massachusetts 35.27 (31.67 - 39.00) 29.17 (25.72 - 32.81) 18.22 (15.16 - 21.61) 38.55 (34.12 - 43.12)
Michigan 41.38 (39.56 - 43.22) 36.79 (34.84 - 38.78) 26.21 (24.30 - 28.19) 44.59 (42.26 - 46.94)
Minnesota 39.71 (36.60 - 42.87) 36.54 (33.06 - 40.14) 25.89 (22.79 - 29.18) 42.60 (38.70 - 46.57)
Mississippi 54.70 (51.25 - 58.11) 45.66 (41.93 - 49.42) 37.99 (34.36 - 41.72) 59.29 (54.81 - 63.65)
Missouri 45.87 (42.40 - 49.37) 41.06 (37.44 - 44.74) 26.96 (23.54 - 30.60) 49.73 (45.37 - 54.09)
Montana 39.34 (36.27 - 42.48) 33.37 (29.85 - 37.03) 24.65 (21.52 - 27.99) 42.68 (38.87 - 46.56)
Nebraska 43.40 (40.29 - 46.54) 40.26 (36.51 - 44.09) 27.33 (23.91 - 30.95) 46.79 (42.86 - 50.75)
Nevada 38.77 (35.26 - 42.36) 33.06 (29.38 - 36.90) 28.14 (24.34 - 32.19) 41.05 (36.79 - 45.42)
New Hampshire 33.36 (30.34 - 36.48) 29.48 (26.13 - 33.02) 18.57 (15.37 - 22.12) 36.12 (32.41 - 39.95)
New Jersey 43.93 (40.45 - 47.45) 36.16 (32.95 - 39.48) 28.19 (24.53 - 32.08) 47.17 (42.87 - 51.50)
New Mexico 39.99 (36.91 - 43.13) 30.92 (27.57 - 34.44) 29.56 (25.70 - 33.65) 43.42 (39.49 - 47.42)
New York 46.69 (44.50 - 48.90) 35.78 (33.63 - 37.97) 27.06 (25.05 - 29.15) 51.19 (48.42 - 53.95)
North Carolina 44.04 (40.60 - 47.52) 38.78 (35.78 - 41.85) 26.47 (23.34 - 29.79) 47.48 (43.19 - 51.81)
North Dakota 44.60 (41.40 - 47.84) 40.07 (36.55 - 43.68) 29.61 (26.41 - 32.97) 48.17 (44.08 - 52.28)
Ohio 43.98 (42.12 - 45.86) 38.58 (36.56 - 40.62) 27.27 (25.42 - 29.18) 47.54 (45.14 - 49.94)
Oklahoma 48.16 (44.47 - 51.86) 42.76 (38.68 - 46.91) 36.34 (32.74 - 40.05) 51.05 (46.37 - 55.71)
Oregon 34.32 (30.70 - 38.07) 32.07 (28.74 - 35.55) 20.00 (16.97 - 23.31) 36.87 (32.37 - 41.54)
Pennsylvania 46.34 (44.27 - 48.43) 38.69 (36.76 - 40.65) 27.29 (25.42 - 29.23) 50.13 (47.53 - 52.73)
Rhode Island 38.17 (35.02 - 41.40) 32.43 (28.73 - 36.29) 19.33 (16.12 - 22.88) 41.61 (37.78 - 45.53)
South Carolina 49.28 (45.77 - 52.80) 41.27 (37.60 - 45.01) 36.24 (32.53 - 40.08) 52.43 (48.07 - 56.77)
South Dakota 44.11 (40.92 - 47.33) 38.34 (34.80 - 41.96) 27.99 (24.59 - 31.60) 48.07 (44.02 - 52.13)
Tennessee 48.12 (44.62 - 51.64) 38.86 (35.12 - 42.69) 30.68 (27.18 - 34.35) 52.19 (47.77 - 56.58)
Texas 49.86 (47.98 - 51.74) 41.29 (39.41 - 43.18) 35.25 (33.32 - 37.22) 54.14 (51.64 - 56.63)
Utah 47.15 (44.26 - 50.05) 44.61 (41.07 - 48.19) 36.51 (33.13 - 39.99) 50.67 (46.73 - 54.61)
Vermont 29.62 (26.78 - 32.59) 24.76 (21.67 - 28.06) 18.64 (15.60 - 22.00) 32.03 (28.49 - 35.73)
Virginia 43.95 (40.63 - 47.31) 39.28 (36.01 - 42.62) 27.71 (24.07 - 31.57) 47.10 (43.02 - 51.21)
Washington 36.69 (33.04 - 40.45) 32.16 (29.06 - 35.38) 25.59 (22.42 - 28.95) 39.10 (34.52 - 43.83)
West Virginia 48.33 (45.27 - 51.39) 40.52 (36.83 - 44.29) 29.80 (26.45 - 33.32) 52.18 (48.46 - 55.90)
Wisconsin 37.97 (34.76 - 41.25) 33.32 (30.38 - 36.37) 23.75 (20.69 - 27.04) 41.10 (37.02 - 45.27)
Wyoming 41.23 (38.00 - 44.52) 36.80 (33.31 - 40.39) 28.13 (24.71 - 31.75) 44.48 (40.35 - 48.66)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.7 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2,268       1,230       898       139      
Alabama 34 (29 - 39) 17 (13 - 21) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 4)
Alaska 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Arizona 45 (39 - 52) 29 (24 - 35) 13 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 4)
Arkansas 21 (18 - 24) 11 (9 - 14) 8 (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2)
California 246 (226 - 267) 135 (123 - 148) 93 (79 - 109) 17 (11 - 26)
Colorado 38 (32 - 44) 22 (18 - 27) 14 (10 - 18) 2 (1 - 4)
Connecticut 26 (22 - 30) 15 (12 - 18) 10 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 3)
Delaware 7 (6 - 8) 4 (4 - 5) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
District of Columbia 4 (4 - 5) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (1 - 2) 0 (0 - 1)
Florida 105 (95 - 115) 59 (53 - 67) 38 (32 - 44) 7 (4 - 12)
Georgia 65 (56 - 74) 33 (28 - 39) 28 (22 - 35) 4 (2 - 7)
Hawaii 10 (8 - 11) 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Idaho 11 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1)
Illinois 99 (90 - 108) 53 (47 - 60) 40 (34 - 46) 6 (4 - 9)
Indiana 49 (42 - 56) 26 (22 - 32) 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 5)
Iowa 26 (22 - 29) 14 (11 - 17) 10 (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 3)
Kansas 25 (22 - 29) 13 (11 - 16) 11 (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 2)
Kentucky 37 (32 - 42) 19 (16 - 23) 16 (13 - 19) 2 (1 - 4)
Louisiana 36 (31 - 42) 20 (17 - 25) 13 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 4)
Maine 11 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 6) 1 (0 - 1)
Maryland 42 (36 - 48) 21 (17 - 26) 18 (14 - 22) 3 (1 - 4)
Massachusetts 60 (51 - 68) 36 (30 - 43) 20 (15 - 26) 3 (2 - 6)
Michigan 92 (84 - 101) 51 (46 - 57) 36 (31 - 42) 5 (3 - 8)
Minnesota 48 (42 - 55) 24 (20 - 28) 22 (18 - 27) 2 (1 - 4)
Mississippi 25 (21 - 29) 12 (10 - 15) 11 (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 3)
Missouri 46 (40 - 53) 25 (20 - 30) 19 (15 - 24) 3 (1 - 4)
Montana 9 (8 - 10) 5 (4 - 6) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Nebraska 15 (13 - 17) 8 (6 - 10) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 1)
Nevada 15 (13 - 17) 9 (7 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 2)
New Hampshire 11 (10 - 13) 7 (5 - 8) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
New Jersey 64 (55 - 74) 31 (25 - 37) 29 (22 - 37) 5 (2 - 8)
New Mexico 18 (15 - 21) 11 (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 2)
New York 144 (130 - 159) 73 (65 - 83) 62 (52 - 72) 9 (6 - 14)
North Carolina 65 (56 - 74) 38 (32 - 44) 23 (18 - 29) 4 (2 - 7)
North Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Ohio 94 (85 - 102) 50 (44 - 56) 39 (33 - 45) 5 (3 - 8)
Oklahoma 28 (24 - 33) 17 (14 - 21) 9 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 3)
Oregon 28 (24 - 33) 15 (12 - 18) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 3)
Pennsylvania 92 (83 - 101) 46 (41 - 52) 40 (34 - 46) 6 (3 - 9)
Rhode Island 9 (8 - 10) 5 (4 - 6) 3 (2 - 4) 1 (0 - 1)
South Carolina 32 (27 - 37) 18 (15 - 22) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Tennessee 47 (40 - 54) 26 (21 - 31) 19 (14 - 24) 3 (2 - 5)
Texas 168 (153 - 184) 90 (81 - 101) 67 (58 - 78) 10 (6 - 16)
Utah 20 (17 - 24) 10 (8 - 13) 9 (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 2)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Virginia 53 (45 - 61) 26 (21 - 31) 23 (18 - 30) 4 (2 - 7)
Washington 49 (43 - 57) 28 (23 - 33) 18 (14 - 23) 3 (2 - 5)
West Virginia 14 (12 - 17) 8 (6 - 9) 6 (5 - 7) 1 (0 - 2)
Wisconsin 53 (46 - 60) 30 (26 - 35) 20 (16 - 25) 3 (1 - 6)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 3 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 2) 0 (0 - 0)

NOTE: Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months / 2.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.8 Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.52       6.08       5.47       0.12      
Alabama 1.28 (1.08 - 1.51) 5.19 (4.09 - 6.56) 5.35 (4.18 - 6.81) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.20)
Alaska 2.32 (1.96 - 2.74) 7.29 (5.96 - 8.89) 6.48 (4.95 - 8.46) 0.17 (0.09 - 0.32)
Arizona 1.82 (1.54 - 2.15) 8.16 (6.69 - 9.92) 4.69 (3.53 - 6.19) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.25)
Arkansas 1.32 (1.12 - 1.55) 5.75 (4.65 - 7.09) 4.58 (3.58 - 5.84) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.19)
California 1.46 (1.33 - 1.61) 5.57 (5.05 - 6.15) 4.50 (3.83 - 5.29) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.22)
Colorado 2.01 (1.69 - 2.40) 7.68 (6.19 - 9.47) 7.03 (5.34 - 9.20) 0.15 (0.08 - 0.29)
Connecticut 1.59 (1.32 - 1.92) 6.83 (5.45 - 8.53) 6.47 (4.84 - 8.60) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.25)
Delaware 1.90 (1.61 - 2.24) 8.32 (6.83 - 10.10) 7.01 (5.33 - 9.17) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.25)
District of Columbia 1.48 (1.24 - 1.77) 5.54 (4.34 - 7.05) 5.28 (4.06 - 6.83) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.26)
Florida 1.21 (1.09 - 1.34) 5.76 (5.06 - 6.55) 4.67 (3.96 - 5.50) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.18)
Georgia 1.50 (1.28 - 1.76) 5.61 (4.67 - 6.71) 5.47 (4.25 - 7.00) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.23)
Hawaii 1.65 (1.38 - 1.97) 7.63 (6.16 - 9.41) 5.50 (4.01 - 7.50) 0.11 (0.04 - 0.26)
Idaho 1.58 (1.33 - 1.87) 4.91 (3.93 - 6.11) 5.39 (4.20 - 6.88) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.24)
Illinois 1.56 (1.41 - 1.73) 6.17 (5.45 - 6.97) 5.61 (4.80 - 6.55) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.20)
Indiana 1.44 (1.23 - 1.69) 5.88 (4.82 - 7.15) 5.27 (4.11 - 6.74) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.23)
Iowa 1.47 (1.26 - 1.73) 6.17 (5.03 - 7.56) 5.24 (4.11 - 6.66) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.22)
Kansas 1.68 (1.42 - 1.98) 6.17 (4.96 - 7.64) 6.54 (5.12 - 8.32) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.22)
Kentucky 1.62 (1.39 - 1.89) 6.74 (5.52 - 8.21) 6.46 (5.15 - 8.06) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.23)
Louisiana 1.39 (1.18 - 1.65) 5.51 (4.49 - 6.75) 4.26 (3.25 - 5.55) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.22)
Maine 1.74 (1.47 - 2.05) 7.12 (5.81 - 8.70) 8.07 (6.17 - 10.48) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.22)
Maryland 1.52 (1.28 - 1.81) 5.92 (4.77 - 7.32) 6.14 (4.80 - 7.84) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.23)
Massachusetts 2.03 (1.71 - 2.41) 8.75 (7.17 - 10.65) 7.55 (5.73 - 9.88) 0.15 (0.08 - 0.29)
Michigan 1.83 (1.66 - 2.03) 7.10 (6.31 - 7.98) 6.90 (5.88 - 8.07) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
Minnesota 1.91 (1.63 - 2.24) 6.42 (5.24 - 7.84) 7.63 (6.05 - 9.59) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.25)
Mississippi 1.49 (1.27 - 1.76) 5.26 (4.22 - 6.54) 5.32 (4.22 - 6.69) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.22)
Missouri 1.51 (1.28 - 1.79) 5.85 (4.76 - 7.17) 5.91 (4.60 - 7.56) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.21)
Montana 1.73 (1.48 - 2.03) 7.33 (5.98 - 8.96) 6.58 (5.17 - 8.34) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.24)
Nebraska 1.51 (1.29 - 1.77) 5.71 (4.63 - 7.03) 5.48 (4.29 - 6.98) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.20)
Nevada 1.66 (1.39 - 1.98) 7.63 (6.18 - 9.37) 5.47 (4.07 - 7.32) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.26)
New Hampshire 1.92 (1.62 - 2.27) 7.52 (6.16 - 9.15) 7.49 (5.65 - 9.88) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.24)
New Jersey 1.39 (1.18 - 1.64) 5.50 (4.53 - 6.67) 6.45 (4.96 - 8.33) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.24)
New Mexico 1.99 (1.68 - 2.35) 7.66 (6.24 - 9.37) 5.99 (4.54 - 7.86) 0.14 (0.07 - 0.27)
New York 1.43 (1.28 - 1.59) 5.64 (4.94 - 6.44) 5.93 (5.01 - 7.00) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
North Carolina 1.50 (1.28 - 1.75) 6.67 (5.59 - 7.94) 5.35 (4.16 - 6.86) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.22)
North Dakota 1.89 (1.64 - 2.19) 7.31 (6.04 - 8.81) 6.53 (5.21 - 8.17) 0.10 (0.05 - 0.20)
Ohio 1.49 (1.35 - 1.65) 5.94 (5.25 - 6.72) 5.91 (5.09 - 6.86) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Oklahoma 1.47 (1.24 - 1.76) 6.58 (5.26 - 8.20) 4.14 (3.16 - 5.41) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.23)
Oregon 1.70 (1.42 - 2.03) 6.50 (5.27 - 7.99) 7.10 (5.48 - 9.14) 0.15 (0.07 - 0.29)
Pennsylvania 1.32 (1.19 - 1.46) 5.32 (4.71 - 5.99) 5.85 (5.03 - 6.79) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.18)
Rhode Island 1.69 (1.43 - 1.99) 7.34 (5.95 - 9.03) 6.57 (5.01 - 8.56) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.26)
South Carolina 1.47 (1.25 - 1.74) 6.43 (5.24 - 7.87) 4.95 (3.82 - 6.39) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.24)
South Dakota 1.60 (1.37 - 1.88) 6.16 (5.02 - 7.53) 5.43 (4.22 - 6.96) 0.10 (0.05 - 0.19)
Tennessee 1.49 (1.26 - 1.76) 6.34 (5.17 - 7.76) 5.46 (4.22 - 7.03) 0.12 (0.06 - 0.24)
Texas 1.47 (1.33 - 1.63) 5.49 (4.88 - 6.18) 4.55 (3.89 - 5.30) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.20)
Utah 1.60 (1.34 - 1.91) 4.67 (3.71 - 5.87) 3.88 (3.00 - 5.02) 0.14 (0.07 - 0.27)
Vermont 2.25 (1.91 - 2.66) 8.30 (6.89 - 9.98) 8.22 (6.33 - 10.61) 0.15 (0.07 - 0.29)
Virginia 1.40 (1.17 - 1.66) 5.09 (4.15 - 6.23) 5.68 (4.35 - 7.39) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.25)
Washington 1.61 (1.37 - 1.90) 6.78 (5.58 - 8.21) 5.17 (3.99 - 6.66) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.24)
West Virginia 1.28 (1.09 - 1.50) 6.27 (5.10 - 7.70) 4.98 (3.86 - 6.41) 0.10 (0.05 - 0.19)
Wisconsin 1.88 (1.61 - 2.19) 7.34 (6.15 - 8.74) 6.46 (5.03 - 8.28) 0.15 (0.06 - 0.37)
Wyoming 1.83 (1.56 - 2.14) 6.51 (5.33 - 7.94) 6.18 (4.84 - 7.86) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.23)

NOTE: Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months) / [(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]} / 2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.

NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above employ a Taylor linearization combining the hierarchical Bayes posterior variances for the two marijuana use/never use prevalences. Because these two prevalences were estimated independently, the hierarchical Bayes solutions did not provide the between prevalence correlations required to complete the linearization. For this purpose, simple Pearson's correlations between the two prevalences were calculated by age group across the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.9 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 5,935       1,058       1,713       3,164      
Alabama 96 (75 - 120) 19 (14 - 25) 32 (24 - 41) 45 (29 - 68)
Alaska 15 (12 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 8 (5 - 13)
Arizona 118 (91 - 150) 22 (17 - 29) 29 (21 - 39) 67 (44 - 98)
Arkansas 55 (43 - 69) 13 (9 - 16) 17 (13 - 21) 26 (17 - 38)
California 778 (654 - 918) 126 (110 - 144) 204 (172 - 240) 448 (336 - 585)
Colorado 106 (85 - 131) 18 (14 - 24) 41 (32 - 52) 47 (31 - 69)
Connecticut 76 (59 - 98) 14 (10 - 18) 20 (14 - 27) 43 (28 - 64)
Delaware 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 10 (6 - 15)
District of Columbia 14 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (5 - 12)
Florida 311 (261 - 368) 51 (43 - 61) 92 (78 - 109) 167 (122 - 223)
Georgia 174 (136 - 218) 31 (24 - 39) 57 (42 - 75) 86 (55 - 129)
Hawaii 24 (18 - 31) 5 (3 - 6) 7 (5 - 9) 12 (8 - 19)
Idaho 25 (19 - 31) 5 (4 - 7) 8 (6 - 11) 11 (7 - 17)
Illinois 250 (209 - 296) 40 (33 - 48) 62 (51 - 75) 148 (110 - 194)
Indiana 130 (103 - 160) 25 (19 - 32) 44 (34 - 56) 61 (39 - 90)
Iowa 52 (40 - 65) 10 (8 - 13) 16 (11 - 21) 26 (17 - 39)
Kansas 54 (42 - 69) 9 (7 - 13) 15 (11 - 21) 29 (19 - 44)
Kentucky 95 (76 - 118) 17 (13 - 22) 29 (22 - 38) 50 (33 - 71)
Louisiana 107 (86 - 132) 25 (19 - 32) 35 (26 - 45) 47 (30 - 70)
Maine 28 (22 - 35) 5 (4 - 7) 10 (8 - 13) 13 (8 - 19)
Maryland 101 (77 - 130) 17 (12 - 22) 26 (19 - 34) 58 (37 - 87)
Massachusetts 175 (133 - 225) 23 (17 - 31) 41 (30 - 55) 110 (72 - 161)
Michigan 213 (183 - 246) 39 (33 - 46) 63 (53 - 74) 111 (84 - 143)
Minnesota 99 (77 - 124) 17 (13 - 23) 30 (22 - 39) 51 (33 - 76)
Mississippi 56 (44 - 70) 10 (7 - 14) 20 (15 - 25) 26 (17 - 39)
Missouri 98 (72 - 129) 17 (12 - 23) 26 (18 - 35) 55 (34 - 86)
Montana 19 (15 - 24) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 7) 9 (6 - 13)
Nebraska 30 (23 - 39) 6 (4 - 8) 9 (6 - 12) 15 (10 - 23)
Nevada 49 (37 - 63) 8 (6 - 10) 12 (8 - 16) 29 (19 - 44)
New Hampshire 27 (21 - 33) 6 (4 - 8) 9 (6 - 12) 12 (8 - 18)
New Jersey 168 (130 - 212) 28 (22 - 36) 43 (32 - 57) 97 (64 - 140)
New Mexico 42 (33 - 52) 8 (6 - 11) 12 (9 - 16) 21 (14 - 30)
New York 361 (298 - 433) 53 (43 - 64) 94 (77 - 114) 214 (157 - 286)
North Carolina 164 (132 - 202) 33 (25 - 41) 47 (36 - 60) 85 (57 - 121)
North Dakota 11 (9 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (3 - 9)
Ohio 238 (204 - 276) 43 (36 - 51) 73 (63 - 85) 122 (92 - 158)
Oklahoma 78 (61 - 100) 13 (9 - 17) 22 (17 - 29) 43 (28 - 64)
Oregon 84 (65 - 104) 15 (11 - 19) 25 (19 - 32) 44 (28 - 65)
Pennsylvania 261 (220 - 308) 42 (35 - 50) 69 (58 - 81) 150 (112 - 197)
Rhode Island 23 (18 - 29) 4 (3 - 6) 7 (5 - 9) 12 (8 - 17)
South Carolina 73 (57 - 91) 14 (10 - 18) 21 (15 - 27) 38 (25 - 56)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (3 - 6) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 123 (98 - 152) 25 (19 - 32) 36 (27 - 47) 62 (41 - 90)
Texas 409 (356 - 466) 96 (82 - 111) 132 (113 - 153) 181 (137 - 235)
Utah 51 (40 - 64) 9 (7 - 12) 17 (13 - 22) 25 (16 - 37)
Vermont 15 (13 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 7 (4 - 10)
Virginia 113 (85 - 147) 19 (14 - 25) 33 (24 - 46) 61 (38 - 93)
Washington 136 (109 - 168) 25 (19 - 32) 44 (34 - 56) 68 (44 - 99)
West Virginia 40 (32 - 48) 8 (6 - 10) 14 (11 - 17) 18 (12 - 26)
Wisconsin 125 (99 - 155) 22 (17 - 29) 35 (26 - 45) 69 (46 - 98)
Wyoming 11 (9 - 14) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 8)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.10 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.67       4.54       5.96       1.86       
Alabama 2.63 (2.07 - 3.30) 5.10 (3.79 - 6.70) 6.70 (5.07 - 8.66) 1.62 (1.03 - 2.42)
Alaska 3.16 (2.39 - 4.08) 3.88 (2.77 - 5.29) 6.49 (4.76 - 8.60) 2.37 (1.47 - 3.61)
Arizona 3.10 (2.39 - 3.94) 5.17 (3.86 - 6.77) 5.76 (4.23 - 7.64) 2.32 (1.51 - 3.40)
Arkansas 2.56 (2.02 - 3.19) 5.56 (4.22 - 7.18) 5.95 (4.50 - 7.69) 1.59 (1.03 - 2.33)
California 3.04 (2.55 - 3.58) 4.46 (3.88 - 5.09) 5.88 (4.95 - 6.91) 2.32 (1.74 - 3.02)
Colorado 3.15 (2.53 - 3.87) 5.11 (3.79 - 6.73) 9.20 (7.10 - 11.68) 1.84 (1.20 - 2.68)
Connecticut 2.83 (2.17 - 3.62) 5.39 (3.98 - 7.12) 6.45 (4.65 - 8.68) 2.01 (1.29 - 2.98)
Delaware 3.08 (2.41 - 3.86) 4.99 (3.73 - 6.52) 7.97 (6.08 - 10.24) 2.05 (1.34 - 3.01)
District of Columbia 3.20 (2.45 - 4.11) 4.33 (3.07 - 5.92) 6.21 (4.59 - 8.19) 2.52 (1.67 - 3.66)
Florida 2.47 (2.07 - 2.92) 4.39 (3.65 - 5.22) 6.84 (5.76 - 8.04) 1.66 (1.22 - 2.21)
Georgia 2.75 (2.15 - 3.46) 4.61 (3.58 - 5.84) 6.63 (4.89 - 8.76) 1.80 (1.15 - 2.70)
Hawaii 2.44 (1.85 - 3.16) 4.90 (3.55 - 6.59) 5.74 (4.03 - 7.90) 1.64 (1.00 - 2.53)
Idaho 2.32 (1.82 - 2.90) 4.09 (3.06 - 5.34) 5.02 (3.68 - 6.67) 1.46 (0.94 - 2.16)
Illinois 2.57 (2.15 - 3.04) 4.00 (3.30 - 4.79) 4.81 (3.97 - 5.76) 1.98 (1.48 - 2.60)
Indiana 2.62 (2.09 - 3.25) 4.83 (3.72 - 6.15) 6.65 (5.16 - 8.42) 1.62 (1.05 - 2.39)
Iowa 2.17 (1.70 - 2.74) 4.08 (3.02 - 5.38) 4.92 (3.59 - 6.56) 1.43 (0.92 - 2.13)
Kansas 2.52 (1.94 - 3.22) 3.84 (2.72 - 5.25) 5.34 (3.90 - 7.12) 1.82 (1.16 - 2.71)
Kentucky 2.91 (2.32 - 3.59) 5.05 (3.82 - 6.54) 6.71 (5.09 - 8.64) 1.97 (1.32 - 2.82)
Louisiana 3.01 (2.42 - 3.71) 5.95 (4.56 - 7.61) 6.78 (5.10 - 8.79) 1.80 (1.15 - 2.68)
Maine 2.67 (2.14 - 3.30) 5.29 (3.94 - 6.93) 8.20 (6.20 - 10.60) 1.54 (0.98 - 2.30)
Maryland 2.38 (1.82 - 3.05) 4.02 (2.96 - 5.33) 5.15 (3.80 - 6.81) 1.75 (1.12 - 2.61)
Massachusetts 3.42 (2.60 - 4.41) 4.67 (3.43 - 6.19) 6.87 (5.06 - 9.08) 2.76 (1.81 - 4.02)
Michigan 2.69 (2.31 - 3.11) 4.68 (3.94 - 5.51) 6.11 (5.14 - 7.20) 1.83 (1.39 - 2.37)
Minnesota 2.51 (1.95 - 3.16) 4.03 (3.03 - 5.25) 5.65 (4.23 - 7.39) 1.73 (1.12 - 2.56)
Mississippi 2.48 (1.96 - 3.09) 3.98 (2.89 - 5.35) 6.06 (4.57 - 7.84) 1.56 (1.01 - 2.31)
Missouri 2.16 (1.60 - 2.85) 3.54 (2.56 - 4.77) 4.35 (3.06 - 5.97) 1.60 (0.98 - 2.48)
Montana 2.52 (2.01 - 3.11) 6.19 (4.66 - 8.04) 5.57 (4.15 - 7.29) 1.47 (0.95 - 2.18)
Nebraska 2.20 (1.68 - 2.81) 3.85 (2.74 - 5.23) 4.68 (3.30 - 6.41) 1.50 (0.95 - 2.24)
Nevada 3.21 (2.41 - 4.17) 5.38 (3.94 - 7.16) 6.53 (4.70 - 8.79) 2.45 (1.55 - 3.66)
New Hampshire 2.67 (2.12 - 3.33) 5.58 (4.20 - 7.25) 7.30 (5.30 - 9.77) 1.58 (1.03 - 2.33)
New Jersey 2.50 (1.94 - 3.17) 4.50 (3.49 - 5.70) 5.50 (4.05 - 7.28) 1.83 (1.21 - 2.64)
New Mexico 2.83 (2.26 - 3.50) 4.83 (3.60 - 6.33) 5.81 (4.25 - 7.72) 1.94 (1.31 - 2.77)
New York 2.44 (2.02 - 2.93) 3.58 (2.92 - 4.35) 5.17 (4.23 - 6.25) 1.87 (1.37 - 2.49)
North Carolina 2.60 (2.08 - 3.20) 5.05 (3.92 - 6.38) 6.12 (4.69 - 7.83) 1.73 (1.16 - 2.47)
North Dakota 2.14 (1.64 - 2.74) 3.99 (2.91 - 5.33) 4.41 (3.20 - 5.91) 1.42 (0.88 - 2.16)
Ohio 2.57 (2.20 - 2.97) 4.51 (3.78 - 5.33) 6.08 (5.20 - 7.05) 1.71 (1.29 - 2.23)
Oklahoma 2.87 (2.22 - 3.64) 4.19 (3.03 - 5.64) 6.09 (4.63 - 7.84) 2.11 (1.36 - 3.11)
Oregon 2.97 (2.33 - 3.72) 5.33 (4.05 - 6.86) 7.14 (5.46 - 9.13) 2.01 (1.30 - 2.96)
Pennsylvania 2.59 (2.17 - 3.05) 4.29 (3.57 - 5.11) 5.86 (4.93 - 6.90) 1.89 (1.41 - 2.48)
Rhode Island 2.77 (2.17 - 3.48) 5.14 (3.79 - 6.80) 7.30 (5.40 - 9.62) 1.81 (1.17 - 2.68)
South Carolina 2.33 (1.83 - 2.92) 4.20 (3.09 - 5.56) 5.35 (3.92 - 7.10) 1.60 (1.04 - 2.35)
South Dakota 2.21 (1.75 - 2.75) 4.21 (3.10 - 5.58) 5.16 (3.74 - 6.91) 1.34 (0.85 - 2.00)
Tennessee 2.65 (2.11 - 3.29) 5.45 (4.13 - 7.03) 6.06 (4.53 - 7.91) 1.73 (1.14 - 2.53)
Texas 2.56 (2.24 - 2.93) 5.11 (4.40 - 5.91) 5.63 (4.81 - 6.55) 1.55 (1.17 - 2.00)
Utah 3.01 (2.38 - 3.76) 3.64 (2.63 - 4.90) 5.27 (3.91 - 6.92) 2.25 (1.45 - 3.32)
Vermont 3.03 (2.46 - 3.68) 5.22 (3.95 - 6.76) 9.71 (7.47 - 12.34) 1.67 (1.09 - 2.45)
Virginia 2.01 (1.52 - 2.61) 3.35 (2.42 - 4.51) 4.85 (3.43 - 6.63) 1.40 (0.87 - 2.12)
Washington 2.87 (2.30 - 3.53) 5.10 (3.91 - 6.51) 7.34 (5.68 - 9.30) 1.84 (1.20 - 2.70)
West Virginia 2.55 (2.06 - 3.12) 5.66 (4.30 - 7.30) 7.00 (5.41 - 8.88) 1.48 (0.97 - 2.17)
Wisconsin 2.87 (2.27 - 3.57) 4.66 (3.56 - 5.99) 5.94 (4.45 - 7.74) 2.08 (1.41 - 2.96)
Wyoming 2.64 (2.11 - 3.27) 4.52 (3.41 - 5.88) 6.25 (4.70 - 8.10) 1.65 (1.07 - 2.43)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.11 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Year Users of Cocaine, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 3,658       389       1,358       1,910      
Alabama 64 (45 - 89) 6 (4 - 9) 20 (14 - 26) 39 (22 - 62)
Alaska 11 (8 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (4 - 10)
Arizona 81 (60 - 105) 14 (9 - 19) 30 (22 - 40) 37 (22 - 58)
Arkansas 32 (24 - 43) 3 (2 - 5) 10 (8 - 14) 19 (12 - 29)
California 443 (365 - 533) 57 (46 - 69) 162 (137 - 192) 224 (159 - 308)
Colorado 83 (62 - 108) 9 (6 - 13) 39 (29 - 50) 35 (21 - 56)
Connecticut 41 (29 - 56) 4 (2 - 6) 14 (9 - 19) 23 (14 - 37)
Delaware 16 (11 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 6) 10 (6 - 16)
District of Columbia 9 (6 - 12) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 9)
Florida 213 (172 - 260) 18 (14 - 24) 72 (60 - 85) 123 (87 - 169)
Georgia 113 (81 - 152) 8 (5 - 12) 41 (30 - 55) 64 (39 - 99)
Hawaii 18 (11 - 26) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 12 (6 - 20)
Idaho 14 (10 - 19) 2 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 8) 6 (4 - 10)
Illinois 147 (120 - 179) 13 (9 - 17) 54 (44 - 65) 81 (58 - 110)
Indiana 71 (52 - 94) 8 (5 - 12) 30 (22 - 40) 32 (18 - 53)
Iowa 32 (24 - 42) 4 (2 - 5) 13 (9 - 17) 15 (9 - 24)
Kansas 32 (23 - 43) 3 (2 - 5) 13 (9 - 17) 16 (9 - 26)
Kentucky 54 (41 - 71) 5 (3 - 7) 22 (16 - 29) 28 (18 - 42)
Louisiana 61 (45 - 81) 5 (3 - 7) 21 (15 - 28) 35 (22 - 54)
Maine 14 (10 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (3 - 7) 7 (4 - 11)
Maryland 55 (39 - 75) 6 (4 - 9) 19 (14 - 26) 30 (17 - 48)
Massachusetts 105 (75 - 143) 8 (5 - 12) 39 (28 - 52) 58 (34 - 93)
Michigan 122 (100 - 147) 11 (8 - 14) 48 (40 - 58) 63 (45 - 86)
Minnesota 65 (48 - 84) 9 (6 - 13) 26 (19 - 34) 30 (18 - 46)
Mississippi 34 (24 - 47) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (9 - 17) 19 (10 - 31)
Missouri 59 (42 - 79) 6 (4 - 9) 23 (16 - 31) 30 (18 - 48)
Montana 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 8)
Nebraska 20 (14 - 26) 2 (1 - 3) 8 (6 - 11) 9 (5 - 14)
Nevada 32 (23 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (7 - 13) 20 (11 - 31)
New Hampshire 14 (11 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 6 (4 - 8) 6 (4 - 10)
New Jersey 98 (71 - 133) 8 (5 - 12) 37 (26 - 49) 54 (32 - 85)
New Mexico 41 (31 - 53) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (11 - 20) 20 (12 - 31)
New York 221 (178 - 270) 20 (15 - 27) 74 (60 - 91) 126 (89 - 173)
North Carolina 100 (74 - 133) 9 (6 - 13) 32 (24 - 43) 59 (37 - 89)
North Dakota 7 (5 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 5)
Ohio 140 (114 - 171) 11 (8 - 15) 55 (46 - 65) 75 (52 - 104)
Oklahoma 40 (29 - 55) 4 (3 - 6) 14 (10 - 19) 22 (13 - 36)
Oregon 42 (31 - 56) 5 (3 - 7) 16 (12 - 22) 21 (13 - 33)
Pennsylvania 145 (118 - 175) 13 (10 - 18) 52 (43 - 62) 80 (57 - 108)
Rhode Island 14 (10 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 7 (4 - 11)
South Carolina 51 (36 - 69) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (12 - 22) 30 (18 - 47)
South Dakota 10 (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6)
Tennessee 84 (59 - 115) 8 (5 - 11) 23 (16 - 32) 53 (32 - 83)
Texas 310 (262 - 365) 48 (38 - 59) 134 (113 - 156) 129 (89 - 179)
Utah 25 (19 - 33) 4 (3 - 6) 11 (8 - 15) 10 (6 - 16)
Vermont 9 (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6)
Virginia 84 (62 - 111) 7 (5 - 11) 33 (24 - 44) 44 (27 - 68)
Washington 71 (51 - 95) 10 (7 - 14) 26 (19 - 35) 35 (20 - 56)
West Virginia 20 (15 - 27) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 10) 10 (6 - 16)
Wisconsin 76 (57 - 97) 9 (6 - 13) 32 (24 - 42) 35 (22 - 53)
Wyoming 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 4)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.12 Percentages Reporting Past Year Use of Cocaine, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.64       1.67       4.73       1.12      
Alabama 1.76 (1.23 - 2.44) 1.54 (0.97 - 2.31) 4.17 (3.04 - 5.57) 1.38 (0.79 - 2.24)
Alaska 2.20 (1.59 - 2.95) 1.62 (1.01 - 2.47) 5.17 (3.84 - 6.80) 1.71 (1.02 - 2.69)
Arizona 2.11 (1.58 - 2.75) 3.15 (2.18 - 4.41) 5.98 (4.41 - 7.89) 1.27 (0.75 - 2.02)
Arkansas 1.51 (1.10 - 2.02) 1.44 (0.92 - 2.15) 3.72 (2.74 - 4.92) 1.15 (0.71 - 1.76)
California 1.73 (1.43 - 2.08) 2.00 (1.64 - 2.43) 4.67 (3.93 - 5.51) 1.16 (0.82 - 1.59)
Colorado 2.45 (1.85 - 3.19) 2.42 (1.58 - 3.55) 8.73 (6.55 - 11.35) 1.38 (0.82 - 2.18)
Connecticut 1.51 (1.06 - 2.07) 1.55 (0.96 - 2.37) 4.43 (3.04 - 6.21) 1.08 (0.64 - 1.71)
Delaware 2.48 (1.72 - 3.47) 1.62 (0.99 - 2.49) 6.10 (4.47 - 8.10) 2.02 (1.16 - 3.28)
District of Columbia 2.08 (1.46 - 2.88) 0.89 (0.51 - 1.45) 4.12 (2.94 - 5.61) 1.88 (1.16 - 2.89)
Florida 1.69 (1.37 - 2.07) 1.58 (1.18 - 2.06) 5.31 (4.41 - 6.33) 1.22 (0.86 - 1.68)
Georgia 1.79 (1.29 - 2.41) 1.20 (0.80 - 1.73) 4.80 (3.47 - 6.46) 1.33 (0.81 - 2.07)
Hawaii 1.81 (1.17 - 2.66) 1.61 (0.95 - 2.56) 3.72 (2.46 - 5.38) 1.54 (0.82 - 2.62)
Idaho 1.33 (0.98 - 1.77) 1.86 (1.20 - 2.75) 3.51 (2.45 - 4.85) 0.79 (0.46 - 1.27)
Illinois 1.51 (1.23 - 1.83) 1.28 (0.95 - 1.68) 4.13 (3.37 - 5.01) 1.08 (0.78 - 1.47)
Indiana 1.43 (1.05 - 1.90) 1.64 (1.07 - 2.40) 4.61 (3.38 - 6.11) 0.85 (0.48 - 1.41)
Iowa 1.33 (0.99 - 1.74) 1.44 (0.92 - 2.15) 4.07 (2.94 - 5.49) 0.83 (0.50 - 1.30)
Kansas 1.48 (1.06 - 2.00) 1.22 (0.73 - 1.94) 4.41 (3.19 - 5.92) 0.99 (0.57 - 1.62)
Kentucky 1.66 (1.24 - 2.17) 1.45 (0.91 - 2.18) 4.99 (3.66 - 6.63) 1.12 (0.70 - 1.68)
Louisiana 1.71 (1.25 - 2.29) 1.17 (0.76 - 1.72) 4.05 (2.94 - 5.44) 1.34 (0.82 - 2.06)
Maine 1.31 (0.97 - 1.74) 1.92 (1.23 - 2.86) 4.06 (2.85 - 5.59) 0.83 (0.51 - 1.28)
Maryland 1.29 (0.91 - 1.77) 1.35 (0.85 - 2.04) 3.80 (2.68 - 5.23) 0.90 (0.52 - 1.45)
Massachusetts 2.06 (1.47 - 2.79) 1.63 (1.03 - 2.45) 6.44 (4.68 - 8.61) 1.46 (0.86 - 2.32)
Michigan 1.54 (1.26 - 1.86) 1.27 (0.93 - 1.68) 4.68 (3.87 - 5.60) 1.04 (0.74 - 1.42)
Minnesota 1.64 (1.23 - 2.13) 2.02 (1.35 - 2.91) 4.88 (3.62 - 6.43) 1.01 (0.62 - 1.56)
Mississippi 1.49 (1.05 - 2.07) 1.06 (0.66 - 1.63) 3.84 (2.76 - 5.20) 1.11 (0.62 - 1.85)
Missouri 1.30 (0.94 - 1.75) 1.27 (0.77 - 1.96) 3.84 (2.72 - 5.26) 0.87 (0.51 - 1.39)
Montana 1.54 (1.16 - 2.01) 2.28 (1.50 - 3.33) 4.95 (3.71 - 6.45) 0.86 (0.50 - 1.37)
Nebraska 1.43 (1.05 - 1.90) 1.46 (0.90 - 2.25) 4.42 (3.18 - 5.96) 0.88 (0.52 - 1.40)
Nevada 2.14 (1.50 - 2.95) 2.10 (1.38 - 3.06) 5.53 (3.98 - 7.46) 1.64 (0.95 - 2.63)
New Hampshire 1.40 (1.05 - 1.83) 1.82 (1.18 - 2.69) 4.99 (3.57 - 6.77) 0.80 (0.48 - 1.25)
New Jersey 1.47 (1.05 - 1.98) 1.27 (0.82 - 1.89) 4.71 (3.40 - 6.34) 1.01 (0.60 - 1.61)
New Mexico 2.77 (2.09 - 3.61) 3.19 (2.16 - 4.53) 7.33 (5.44 - 9.62) 1.84 (1.10 - 2.88)
New York 1.49 (1.20 - 1.83) 1.38 (1.01 - 1.84) 4.10 (3.29 - 5.04) 1.10 (0.78 - 1.51)
North Carolina 1.59 (1.17 - 2.11) 1.41 (0.93 - 2.05) 4.19 (3.05 - 5.59) 1.20 (0.75 - 1.83)
North Dakota 1.31 (0.97 - 1.73) 1.62 (1.02 - 2.44) 3.91 (2.85 - 5.22) 0.77 (0.44 - 1.25)
Ohio 1.51 (1.23 - 1.85) 1.16 (0.83 - 1.58) 4.53 (3.78 - 5.37) 1.05 (0.73 - 1.46)
Oklahoma 1.47 (1.04 - 2.01) 1.39 (0.87 - 2.11) 3.77 (2.68 - 5.14) 1.08 (0.62 - 1.74)
Oregon 1.51 (1.11 - 1.99) 1.83 (1.19 - 2.68) 4.65 (3.41 - 6.18) 0.97 (0.58 - 1.51)
Pennsylvania 1.43 (1.17 - 1.74) 1.37 (1.02 - 1.80) 4.37 (3.61 - 5.23) 1.00 (0.72 - 1.36)
Rhode Island 1.69 (1.24 - 2.25) 1.47 (0.91 - 2.24) 5.96 (4.30 - 8.01) 1.11 (0.66 - 1.73)
South Carolina 1.63 (1.17 - 2.21) 1.31 (0.84 - 1.95) 4.20 (3.01 - 5.69) 1.26 (0.76 - 1.96)
South Dakota 1.56 (1.17 - 2.03) 2.20 (1.43 - 3.24) 4.63 (3.34 - 6.24) 0.87 (0.51 - 1.39)
Tennessee 1.81 (1.28 - 2.49) 1.67 (1.07 - 2.49) 3.89 (2.74 - 5.35) 1.49 (0.90 - 2.31)
Texas 1.95 (1.64 - 2.29) 2.56 (2.05 - 3.16) 5.72 (4.85 - 6.69) 1.10 (0.76 - 1.53)
Utah 1.48 (1.11 - 1.94) 1.68 (1.08 - 2.50) 3.42 (2.44 - 4.66) 0.90 (0.52 - 1.45)
Vermont 1.77 (1.32 - 2.32) 1.77 (1.14 - 2.62) 6.36 (4.74 - 8.32) 1.05 (0.62 - 1.66)
Virginia 1.49 (1.10 - 1.98) 1.30 (0.84 - 1.93) 4.77 (3.47 - 6.40) 1.00 (0.61 - 1.56)
Washington 1.49 (1.08 - 2.00) 2.02 (1.35 - 2.90) 4.35 (3.11 - 5.91) 0.95 (0.54 - 1.54)
West Virginia 1.30 (0.96 - 1.72) 1.62 (1.04 - 2.40) 3.81 (2.75 - 5.14) 0.86 (0.52 - 1.34)
Wisconsin 1.73 (1.32 - 2.23) 1.82 (1.21 - 2.62) 5.50 (4.11 - 7.18) 1.06 (0.67 - 1.61)
Wyoming 1.53 (1.15 - 1.99) 1.68 (1.10 - 2.46) 4.68 (3.43 - 6.23) 0.89 (0.53 - 1.40)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.13 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Alcohol, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 102,758       3,819       16,318       82,621      
Alabama 1,341 (1,210 - 1,475) 54 (45 - 63) 238 (221 - 256) 1,049 (924 - 1,179)
Alaska 258 (243 - 272) 10 (9 - 12) 41 (38 - 44) 206 (192 - 220)
Arizona 1,769 (1,597 - 1,943) 73 (63 - 85) 278 (258 - 299) 1,418 (1,249 - 1,587)
Arkansas 758 (691 - 827) 39 (33 - 46) 129 (119 - 139) 590 (527 - 656)
California 11,917 (11,439 - 12,398) 440 (410 - 471) 1,783 (1,713 - 1,852) 9,695 (9,225 - 10,164)
Colorado 1,975 (1,854 - 2,095) 72 (61 - 83) 303 (285 - 320) 1,601 (1,484 - 1,714)
Connecticut 1,510 (1,412 - 1,608) 53 (45 - 61) 205 (192 - 218) 1,252 (1,157 - 1,345)
Delaware 328 (307 - 349) 11 (10 - 13) 47 (44 - 50) 270 (249 - 290)
District of Columbia 191 (177 - 205) 5 (4 - 6) 31 (29 - 33) 154 (141 - 168)
Florida 5,799 (5,541 - 6,058) 168 (151 - 186) 736 (708 - 764) 4,895 (4,640 - 5,150)
Georgia 2,722 (2,502 - 2,947) 102 (88 - 116) 445 (410 - 479) 2,176 (1,964 - 2,390)
Hawaii 421 (389 - 452) 16 (13 - 19) 63 (57 - 68) 342 (312 - 372)
Idaho 444 (413 - 475) 18 (16 - 22) 77 (71 - 83) 348 (319 - 378)
Illinois 4,938 (4,743 - 5,133) 180 (165 - 196) 789 (762 - 816) 3,969 (3,778 - 4,159)
Indiana 1,957 (1,796 - 2,121) 69 (58 - 81) 361 (337 - 385) 1,526 (1,370 - 1,686)
Iowa 1,230 (1,147 - 1,315) 48 (42 - 56) 222 (210 - 233) 960 (879 - 1,041)
Kansas 1,019 (945 - 1,093) 39 (33 - 46) 173 (161 - 185) 807 (736 - 878)
Kentucky 1,128 (1,023 - 1,235) 48 (41 - 57) 230 (214 - 246) 849 (750 - 953)
Louisiana 1,558 (1,444 - 1,674) 82 (70 - 94) 299 (280 - 318) 1,177 (1,069 - 1,287)
Maine 521 (490 - 553) 20 (17 - 23) 79 (74 - 84) 422 (392 - 452)
Maryland 2,097 (1,939 - 2,256) 66 (56 - 77) 292 (272 - 313) 1,739 (1,584 - 1,893)
Massachusetts 3,079 (2,898 - 3,260) 110 (95 - 125) 432 (408 - 455) 2,537 (2,360 - 2,708)
Michigan 3,714 (3,566 - 3,864) 139 (127 - 152) 635 (612 - 657) 2,941 (2,796 - 3,085)
Minnesota 2,115 (1,986 - 2,244) 82 (70 - 94) 373 (355 - 390) 1,660 (1,536 - 1,782)
Mississippi 675 (603 - 749) 35 (29 - 42) 140 (129 - 152) 499 (432 - 571)
Missouri 2,024 (1,862 - 2,187) 76 (65 - 89) 347 (323 - 371) 1,600 (1,443 - 1,758)
Montana 425 (401 - 450) 19 (16 - 21) 64 (60 - 67) 343 (320 - 366)
Nebraska 718 (675 - 761) 29 (25 - 34) 134 (127 - 140) 555 (514 - 595)
Nevada 798 (741 - 854) 26 (22 - 30) 103 (95 - 111) 669 (615 - 723)
New Hampshire 573 (541 - 604) 22 (19 - 25) 80 (75 - 84) 471 (440 - 501)
New Jersey 3,446 (3,222 - 3,670) 111 (96 - 126) 460 (428 - 490) 2,876 (2,657 - 3,092)
New Mexico 751 (707 - 795) 32 (28 - 37) 121 (112 - 130) 598 (556 - 639)
New York 7,314 (7,024 - 7,604) 252 (229 - 276) 1,097 (1,053 - 1,139) 5,965 (5,678 - 6,252)
North Carolina 2,336 (2,134 - 2,544) 83 (71 - 97) 407 (377 - 436) 1,846 (1,651 - 2,048)
North Dakota 303 (285 - 320) 16 (14 - 18) 58 (56 - 61) 228 (211 - 245)
Ohio 4,221 (4,047 - 4,396) 151 (137 - 165) 711 (687 - 735) 3,359 (3,189 - 3,531)
Oklahoma 1,001 (907 - 1,098) 44 (37 - 53) 186 (173 - 200) 770 (679 - 865)
Oregon 1,387 (1,288 - 1,489) 44 (37 - 51) 207 (193 - 220) 1,137 (1,039 - 1,234)
Pennsylvania 4,924 (4,734 - 5,116) 156 (143 - 170) 713 (689 - 738) 4,055 (3,868 - 4,243)
Rhode Island 435 (407 - 463) 15 (12 - 17) 61 (57 - 65) 359 (332 - 386)
South Carolina 1,117 (1,015 - 1,223) 43 (36 - 51) 181 (166 - 197) 893 (795 - 994)
South Dakota 312 (291 - 333) 15 (13 - 17) 60 (57 - 63) 237 (217 - 257)
Tennessee 1,564 (1,410 - 1,723) 60 (50 - 72) 266 (242 - 290) 1,238 (1,090 - 1,392)
Texas 6,857 (6,558 - 7,158) 331 (305 - 359) 1,278 (1,230 - 1,326) 5,247 (4,957 - 5,540)
Utah 475 (430 - 523) 26 (21 - 32) 105 (94 - 115) 344 (302 - 389)
Vermont 287 (272 - 303) 11 (9 - 12) 42 (40 - 44) 235 (220 - 250)
Virginia 2,581 (2,384 - 2,780) 68 (57 - 81) 397 (368 - 426) 2,115 (1,924 - 2,307)
Washington 2,233 (2,055 - 2,412) 73 (63 - 85) 303 (279 - 326) 1,857 (1,683 - 2,031)
West Virginia 508 (463 - 554) 23 (19 - 27) 94 (87 - 102) 390 (348 - 435)
Wisconsin 2,493 (2,348 - 2,638) 102 (90 - 115) 402 (381 - 423) 1,988 (1,846 - 2,126)
Wyoming 212 (198 - 226) 10 (9 - 12) 39 (36 - 41) 163 (150 - 176)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.14 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Alcohol, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 46.25       16.40       56.81       48.55      
Alabama 36.87 (33.28 - 40.57) 14.46 (12.09 - 17.10) 50.18 (46.47 - 53.88) 37.59 (33.09 - 42.25)
Alaska 52.87 (49.86 - 55.88) 16.57 (14.14 - 19.23) 58.13 (54.06 - 62.11) 58.22 (54.22 - 62.13)
Arizona 46.36 (41.85 - 50.92) 17.06 (14.62 - 19.73) 54.95 (50.85 - 59.00) 49.22 (43.36 - 55.10)
Arkansas 35.32 (32.20 - 38.52) 17.34 (14.71 - 20.23) 46.23 (42.66 - 49.82) 35.92 (32.07 - 39.91)
California 46.49 (44.62 - 48.37) 15.56 (14.50 - 16.67) 51.28 (49.27 - 53.29) 50.15 (47.72 - 52.58)
Colorado 58.51 (54.92 - 62.04) 20.08 (17.20 - 23.21) 68.16 (64.18 - 71.96) 62.15 (57.61 - 66.54)
Connecticut 56.01 (52.36 - 59.61) 20.58 (17.48 - 23.95) 67.17 (62.76 - 71.37) 58.61 (54.17 - 62.96)
Delaware 52.46 (49.10 - 55.81) 17.82 (15.21 - 20.68) 60.83 (56.92 - 64.64) 55.69 (51.48 - 59.85)
District of Columbia 44.90 (41.64 - 48.20) 12.19 (9.82 - 14.89) 54.78 (50.81 - 58.70) 47.55 (43.42 - 51.70)
Florida 46.08 (44.03 - 48.14) 14.37 (12.96 - 15.88) 54.52 (52.46 - 56.56) 48.63 (46.10 - 51.16)
Georgia 43.23 (39.72 - 46.80) 15.08 (13.07 - 17.27) 52.12 (48.10 - 56.13) 45.60 (41.17 - 50.09)
Hawaii 43.28 (40.07 - 46.53) 16.83 (14.12 - 19.82) 54.25 (49.57 - 58.88) 44.93 (40.98 - 48.93)
Idaho 41.54 (38.65 - 44.46) 14.26 (12.00 - 16.76) 47.38 (43.66 - 51.13) 44.83 (41.04 - 48.66)
Illinois 50.66 (48.66 - 52.66) 18.05 (16.57 - 19.59) 60.88 (58.76 - 62.98) 53.25 (50.69 - 55.80)
Indiana 39.69 (36.43 - 43.01) 13.54 (11.41 - 15.91) 54.63 (50.93 - 58.30) 40.62 (36.47 - 44.88)
Iowa 51.60 (48.08 - 55.11) 19.31 (16.60 - 22.24) 70.01 (66.33 - 73.50) 52.82 (48.35 - 57.25)
Kansas 47.48 (44.04 - 50.94) 16.15 (13.51 - 19.07) 59.84 (55.77 - 63.81) 49.92 (45.53 - 54.32)
Kentucky 34.41 (31.24 - 37.70) 14.65 (12.37 - 17.17) 52.98 (49.27 - 56.66) 33.81 (29.85 - 37.95)
Louisiana 43.88 (40.66 - 47.13) 19.44 (16.73 - 22.37) 57.94 (54.30 - 61.53) 44.99 (40.84 - 49.20)
Maine 49.90 (46.88 - 52.92) 19.42 (16.70 - 22.36) 64.98 (60.86 - 68.95) 51.49 (47.82 - 55.15)
Maryland 49.23 (45.51 - 52.95) 15.70 (13.33 - 18.29) 58.01 (53.93 - 62.01) 52.11 (47.47 - 56.72)
Massachusetts 60.33 (56.75 - 63.83) 21.94 (18.99 - 25.13) 71.74 (67.72 - 75.51) 63.35 (58.92 - 67.62)
Michigan 46.99 (45.11 - 48.87) 16.70 (15.27 - 18.21) 61.71 (59.52 - 63.88) 48.65 (46.26 - 51.05)
Minnesota 53.76 (50.47 - 57.03) 18.88 (16.31 - 21.66) 70.30 (66.85 - 73.59) 55.86 (51.68 - 59.97)
Mississippi 29.83 (26.68 - 33.12) 13.50 (11.20 - 16.09) 43.48 (39.84 - 47.18) 29.75 (25.73 - 34.02)
Missouri 44.81 (41.23 - 48.44) 16.06 (13.63 - 18.73) 58.94 (54.81 - 62.97) 46.37 (41.84 - 50.95)
Montana 55.32 (52.16 - 58.44) 22.00 (19.10 - 25.12) 64.31 (60.65 - 67.84) 58.61 (54.64 - 62.51)
Nebraska 52.44 (49.29 - 55.57) 19.03 (16.25 - 22.07) 71.32 (67.60 - 74.85) 53.95 (49.95 - 57.91)
Nevada 52.62 (48.88 - 56.33) 17.89 (15.14 - 20.92) 57.53 (53.01 - 61.96) 56.10 (51.53 - 60.60)
New Hampshire 57.23 (54.02 - 60.39) 21.15 (18.17 - 24.38) 67.38 (63.27 - 71.30) 60.50 (56.54 - 64.37)
New Jersey 51.47 (48.12 - 54.82) 17.69 (15.43 - 20.15) 58.95 (54.91 - 62.90) 54.36 (50.23 - 58.45)
New Mexico 50.92 (47.91 - 53.92) 18.60 (15.91 - 21.53) 58.00 (53.73 - 62.19) 54.71 (50.88 - 58.49)
New York 49.51 (47.54 - 51.48) 17.18 (15.62 - 18.82) 60.39 (58.01 - 62.73) 51.92 (49.42 - 54.41)
North Carolina 37.01 (33.81 - 40.29) 12.93 (10.96 - 15.12) 52.77 (48.96 - 56.56) 37.69 (33.70 - 41.81)
North Dakota 56.69 (53.38 - 59.96) 26.21 (23.13 - 29.48) 76.27 (72.84 - 79.46) 57.75 (53.46 - 61.95)
Ohio 45.50 (43.63 - 47.38) 15.81 (14.41 - 17.30) 58.97 (56.97 - 60.95) 47.20 (44.80 - 49.60)
Oklahoma 36.62 (33.18 - 40.17) 14.46 (12.05 - 17.16) 51.18 (47.41 - 54.94) 37.35 (32.93 - 41.92)
Oregon 49.48 (45.90 - 53.07) 15.88 (13.44 - 18.58) 58.92 (54.95 - 62.80) 52.17 (47.68 - 56.64)
Pennsylvania 48.74 (46.85 - 50.63) 15.79 (14.46 - 17.20) 60.47 (58.37 - 62.54) 51.09 (48.72 - 53.45)
Rhode Island 53.10 (49.70 - 56.48) 17.65 (14.92 - 20.65) 65.13 (61.00 - 69.10) 55.89 (51.72 - 60.01)
South Carolina 35.89 (32.60 - 39.29) 13.31 (11.09 - 15.80) 47.07 (43.06 - 51.10) 37.15 (33.07 - 41.36)
South Dakota 50.66 (47.28 - 54.03) 20.02 (17.24 - 23.04) 69.60 (66.01 - 73.01) 52.00 (47.64 - 56.35)
Tennessee 33.81 (30.49 - 37.25) 13.10 (10.91 - 15.55) 44.79 (40.79 - 48.84) 34.67 (30.52 - 39.00)
Texas 43.04 (41.16 - 44.93) 17.70 (16.29 - 19.18) 54.66 (52.61 - 56.70) 44.76 (42.29 - 47.26)
Utah 28.07 (25.39 - 30.87) 10.62 (8.61 - 12.92) 32.66 (29.42 - 36.04) 30.55 (26.79 - 34.51)
Vermont 56.50 (53.40 - 59.56) 19.63 (16.98 - 22.49) 67.87 (64.01 - 71.55) 59.79 (55.92 - 63.57)
Virginia 45.96 (42.45 - 49.50) 12.24 (10.25 - 14.47) 57.91 (53.68 - 62.04) 48.40 (44.02 - 52.80)
Washington 47.03 (43.29 - 50.80) 15.10 (12.87 - 17.55) 50.60 (46.69 - 54.50) 50.69 (45.94 - 55.44)
West Virginia 32.70 (29.82 - 35.68) 16.03 (13.60 - 18.69) 48.09 (44.19 - 52.01) 32.18 (28.67 - 35.84)
Wisconsin 57.24 (53.88 - 60.54) 21.46 (18.90 - 24.19) 68.92 (65.25 - 72.42) 60.29 (55.99 - 64.47)
Wyoming 50.22 (46.91 - 53.54) 21.00 (18.16 - 24.06) 63.32 (59.36 - 67.16) 52.28 (48.03 - 56.51)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.15 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Users, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 45,349       2,387       10,850       32,112      
Alabama 657 (572 - 748) 37 (29 - 45) 148 (132 - 164) 472 (395 - 558)
Alaska 105 (94 - 116) 7 (6 - 8) 27 (24 - 30) 71 (61 - 82)
Arizona 786 (695 - 882) 49 (40 - 59) 179 (160 - 199) 558 (475 - 649)
Arkansas 406 (360 - 455) 27 (22 - 32) 93 (84 - 102) 286 (245 - 331)
California 4,913 (4,581 - 5,258) 259 (235 - 284) 1,108 (1,044 - 1,173) 3,546 (3,230 - 3,880)
Colorado 777 (690 - 868) 45 (37 - 54) 205 (186 - 224) 526 (449 - 610)
Connecticut 575 (509 - 647) 35 (28 - 42) 141 (126 - 155) 400 (339 - 467)
Delaware 140 (126 - 156) 7 (6 - 9) 33 (30 - 36) 100 (86 - 114)
District of Columbia 80 (71 - 90) 3 (2 - 4) 18 (16 - 20) 59 (50 - 68)
Florida 2,334 (2,162 - 2,513) 99 (86 - 112) 467 (438 - 496) 1,769 (1,602 - 1,945)
Georgia 1,284 (1,132 - 1,446) 63 (52 - 74) 282 (252 - 314) 940 (801 - 1,091)
Hawaii 197 (173 - 222) 11 (9 - 13) 39 (34 - 44) 147 (125 - 171)
Idaho 199 (178 - 222) 13 (11 - 16) 51 (46 - 57) 135 (116 - 156)
Illinois 2,238 (2,101 - 2,379) 113 (101 - 125) 546 (520 - 573) 1,579 (1,448 - 1,715)
Indiana 915 (812 - 1,024) 47 (39 - 58) 237 (215 - 260) 631 (537 - 734)
Iowa 568 (512 - 627) 31 (26 - 37) 156 (144 - 168) 381 (330 - 436)
Kansas 436 (388 - 486) 24 (19 - 30) 118 (107 - 130) 294 (251 - 340)
Kentucky 632 (562 - 706) 34 (28 - 41) 169 (154 - 184) 429 (365 - 499)
Louisiana 828 (741 - 921) 48 (39 - 57) 204 (185 - 224) 576 (496 - 663)
Maine 223 (201 - 246) 12 (10 - 15) 52 (47 - 57) 158 (138 - 180)
Maryland 738 (643 - 841) 37 (30 - 45) 165 (147 - 183) 537 (450 - 633)
Massachusetts 1,305 (1,161 - 1,455) 70 (58 - 83) 315 (288 - 341) 921 (790 - 1,062)
Michigan 1,690 (1,590 - 1,792) 90 (81 - 101) 426 (404 - 449) 1,173 (1,079 - 1,271)
Minnesota 912 (820 - 1,007) 54 (45 - 64) 266 (246 - 286) 592 (509 - 682)
Mississippi 379 (331 - 430) 22 (17 - 27) 89 (79 - 100) 268 (224 - 316)
Missouri 911 (807 - 1,020) 50 (40 - 60) 231 (208 - 254) 630 (536 - 734)
Montana 182 (165 - 200) 12 (10 - 14) 46 (42 - 49) 124 (108 - 141)
Nebraska 326 (296 - 358) 20 (16 - 24) 91 (84 - 99) 215 (187 - 244)
Nevada 357 (316 - 401) 18 (14 - 21) 69 (61 - 77) 270 (233 - 311)
New Hampshire 207 (186 - 229) 13 (11 - 15) 53 (48 - 58) 142 (123 - 162)
New Jersey 1,397 (1,232 - 1,574) 66 (55 - 78) 293 (262 - 325) 1,038 (885 - 1,204)
New Mexico 348 (314 - 383) 21 (17 - 25) 85 (77 - 94) 242 (212 - 274)
New York 2,990 (2,781 - 3,207) 147 (129 - 166) 713 (673 - 754) 2,130 (1,933 - 2,338)
North Carolina 1,064 (932 - 1,206) 54 (45 - 65) 255 (229 - 283) 754 (633 - 889)
North Dakota 155 (141 - 169) 11 (10 - 13) 44 (41 - 47) 100 (87 - 113)
Ohio 2,033 (1,911 - 2,159) 98 (87 - 110) 501 (477 - 525) 1,434 (1,318 - 1,554)
Oklahoma 490 (433 - 551) 30 (24 - 37) 128 (116 - 141) 332 (280 - 389)
Oregon 527 (464 - 595) 26 (21 - 32) 130 (117 - 143) 371 (313 - 435)
Pennsylvania 2,193 (2,061 - 2,329) 97 (86 - 110) 499 (474 - 524) 1,597 (1,471 - 1,728)
Rhode Island 182 (163 - 202) 9 (7 - 11) 44 (40 - 48) 129 (112 - 148)
South Carolina 576 (506 - 651) 30 (24 - 36) 123 (110 - 137) 423 (358 - 493)
South Dakota 158 (144 - 173) 11 (9 - 13) 43 (40 - 47) 104 (91 - 118)
Tennessee 775 (678 - 879) 37 (30 - 46) 186 (164 - 209) 552 (465 - 648)
Texas 3,380 (3,172 - 3,596) 206 (186 - 227) 836 (791 - 881) 2,339 (2,142 - 2,545)
Utah 233 (202 - 267) 17 (13 - 21) 73 (64 - 83) 143 (117 - 173)
Vermont 113 (101 - 125) 6 (5 - 8) 30 (27 - 32) 76 (66 - 87)
Virginia 1,037 (912 - 1,170) 39 (31 - 48) 262 (234 - 292) 735 (621 - 861)
Washington 843 (741 - 953) 46 (38 - 55) 192 (171 - 213) 606 (510 - 711)
West Virginia 276 (247 - 307) 17 (14 - 20) 69 (62 - 77) 190 (164 - 219)
Wisconsin 1,176 (1,071 - 1,283) 64 (54 - 74) 289 (267 - 312) 823 (727 - 924)
Wyoming 104 (94 - 115) 7 (6 - 9) 29 (27 - 31) 68 (59 - 77)

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.16 Percentages Reporting Past Month "Binge" Alcohol Use, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 20.41       10.25       37.78       18.87      
Alabama 18.05 (15.72 - 20.56) 9.89 (7.91 - 12.18) 31.10 (27.77 - 34.58) 16.92 (14.14 - 19.99)
Alaska 21.49 (19.25 - 23.87) 10.86 (8.87 - 13.12) 38.35 (34.61 - 42.20) 20.00 (17.23 - 23.01)
Arizona 20.59 (18.23 - 23.11) 11.41 (9.42 - 13.65) 35.28 (31.50 - 39.20) 19.37 (16.49 - 22.53)
Arkansas 18.91 (16.78 - 21.18) 11.93 (9.89 - 14.23) 33.37 (30.06 - 36.80) 17.43 (14.92 - 20.17)
California 19.16 (17.87 - 20.51) 9.15 (8.30 - 10.05) 31.87 (30.03 - 33.74) 18.35 (16.71 - 20.07)
Colorado 22.99 (20.45 - 25.69) 12.61 (10.32 - 15.20) 46.17 (41.93 - 50.46) 20.44 (17.44 - 23.70)
Connecticut 21.34 (18.86 - 23.99) 13.57 (11.17 - 16.28) 46.02 (41.27 - 50.83) 18.73 (15.88 - 21.85)
Delaware 22.40 (20.06 - 24.88) 11.10 (9.06 - 13.41) 42.95 (39.05 - 46.91) 20.63 (17.85 - 23.64)
District of Columbia 18.86 (16.68 - 21.18) 6.90 (5.23 - 8.89) 32.36 (28.90 - 35.97) 18.09 (15.50 - 20.92)
Florida 18.54 (17.18 - 19.97) 8.44 (7.38 - 9.60) 34.55 (32.43 - 36.71) 17.57 (15.92 - 19.32)
Georgia 20.39 (17.98 - 22.97) 9.31 (7.78 - 11.02) 33.06 (29.48 - 36.78) 19.69 (16.78 - 22.87)
Hawaii 20.22 (17.78 - 22.85) 11.27 (9.02 - 13.85) 33.76 (29.62 - 38.10) 19.29 (16.42 - 22.43)
Idaho 18.65 (16.66 - 20.76) 10.07 (8.25 - 12.13) 31.66 (28.39 - 35.07) 17.36 (14.89 - 20.06)
Illinois 22.96 (21.56 - 24.41) 11.31 (10.16 - 12.55) 42.15 (40.12 - 44.19) 21.18 (19.43 - 23.02)
Indiana 18.55 (16.47 - 20.77) 9.26 (7.53 - 11.24) 35.89 (32.49 - 39.40) 16.79 (14.29 - 19.53)
Iowa 23.82 (21.47 - 26.29) 12.38 (10.27 - 14.74) 49.27 (45.48 - 53.08) 20.96 (18.15 - 23.99)
Kansas 20.30 (18.10 - 22.65) 9.99 (8.03 - 12.25) 40.90 (37.03 - 44.85) 18.17 (15.57 - 21.02)
Kentucky 19.28 (17.15 - 21.56) 10.37 (8.45 - 12.55) 38.85 (35.41 - 42.38) 17.08 (14.55 - 19.86)
Louisiana 23.32 (20.86 - 25.93) 11.33 (9.36 - 13.55) 39.57 (35.93 - 43.30) 22.03 (18.96 - 25.34)
Maine 21.29 (19.20 - 23.51) 12.02 (9.99 - 14.30) 43.11 (39.10 - 47.20) 19.25 (16.79 - 21.90)
Maryland 17.33 (15.10 - 19.75) 8.76 (7.05 - 10.72) 32.69 (29.14 - 36.39) 16.09 (13.48 - 18.97)
Massachusetts 25.54 (22.74 - 28.49) 14.01 (11.67 - 16.61) 52.18 (47.73 - 56.61) 23.00 (19.73 - 26.53)
Michigan 21.37 (20.12 - 22.67) 10.85 (9.70 - 12.09) 41.43 (39.26 - 43.62) 19.41 (17.86 - 21.03)
Minnesota 23.15 (20.83 - 25.59) 12.42 (10.30 - 14.80) 50.16 (46.40 - 53.92) 19.92 (17.13 - 22.95)
Mississippi 16.76 (14.65 - 19.05) 8.44 (6.67 - 10.51) 27.72 (24.58 - 31.03) 15.96 (13.36 - 18.84)
Missouri 20.15 (17.87 - 22.58) 10.45 (8.49 - 12.69) 39.10 (35.27 - 43.02) 18.27 (15.54 - 21.27)
Montana 23.64 (21.40 - 26.00) 14.48 (12.23 - 16.97) 46.20 (42.55 - 49.88) 21.16 (18.48 - 24.05)
Nebraska 23.80 (21.57 - 26.14) 12.83 (10.60 - 15.34) 48.79 (44.65 - 52.95) 20.87 (18.20 - 23.74)
Nevada 23.55 (20.81 - 26.45) 12.25 (9.97 - 14.84) 38.55 (34.05 - 43.20) 22.66 (19.50 - 26.08)
New Hampshire 20.68 (18.57 - 22.91) 12.25 (10.13 - 14.63) 44.41 (40.13 - 48.76) 18.20 (15.76 - 20.85)
New Jersey 20.87 (18.40 - 23.50) 10.60 (8.87 - 12.54) 37.62 (33.63 - 41.73) 19.61 (16.73 - 22.75)
New Mexico 23.54 (21.26 - 25.95) 12.00 (9.94 - 14.32) 40.69 (36.66 - 44.82) 22.11 (19.37 - 25.05)
New York 20.24 (18.83 - 21.71) 10.01 (8.82 - 11.30) 39.28 (37.05 - 41.55) 18.54 (16.82 - 20.35)
North Carolina 16.85 (14.76 - 19.11) 8.39 (6.92 - 10.07) 33.12 (29.67 - 36.71) 15.40 (12.93 - 18.15)
North Dakota 29.06 (26.50 - 31.73) 18.12 (15.51 - 20.97) 58.11 (54.37 - 61.77) 25.25 (22.07 - 28.64)
Ohio 21.91 (20.60 - 23.27) 10.26 (9.08 - 11.53) 41.59 (39.61 - 43.60) 20.14 (18.52 - 21.84)
Oklahoma 17.93 (15.85 - 20.15) 9.82 (7.91 - 12.00) 35.25 (31.74 - 38.87) 16.08 (13.56 - 18.85)
Oregon 18.78 (16.52 - 21.20) 9.57 (7.73 - 11.68) 36.95 (33.34 - 40.66) 17.04 (14.37 - 19.98)
Pennsylvania 21.70 (20.40 - 23.05) 9.87 (8.72 - 11.12) 42.28 (40.14 - 44.43) 20.11 (18.54 - 21.76)
Rhode Island 22.24 (19.92 - 24.68) 10.98 (8.96 - 13.28) 47.26 (42.90 - 51.65) 20.07 (17.37 - 22.99)
South Carolina 18.50 (16.26 - 20.92) 9.24 (7.49 - 11.25) 32.03 (28.50 - 35.72) 17.59 (14.92 - 20.53)
South Dakota 25.67 (23.35 - 28.10) 14.41 (12.02 - 17.07) 49.80 (45.88 - 53.71) 22.94 (20.06 - 26.02)
Tennessee 16.75 (14.66 - 19.01) 8.10 (6.43 - 10.04) 31.37 (27.70 - 35.22) 15.46 (13.02 - 18.17)
Texas 21.22 (19.91 - 22.57) 11.01 (9.95 - 12.14) 35.73 (33.82 - 37.66) 19.95 (18.27 - 21.71)
Utah 13.73 (11.90 - 15.72) 6.71 (5.18 - 8.53) 22.87 (19.93 - 26.03) 12.69 (10.33 - 15.36)
Vermont 22.13 (19.91 - 24.47) 11.58 (9.54 - 13.89) 48.29 (44.21 - 52.40) 19.44 (16.84 - 22.24)
Virginia 18.46 (16.24 - 20.84) 6.97 (5.54 - 8.64) 38.23 (34.09 - 42.50) 16.82 (14.20 - 19.71)
Washington 17.76 (15.60 - 20.07) 9.38 (7.71 - 11.26) 32.02 (28.55 - 35.64) 16.54 (13.94 - 19.41)
West Virginia 17.78 (15.90 - 19.80) 11.65 (9.58 - 14.00) 35.31 (31.70 - 39.06) 15.70 (13.52 - 18.08)
Wisconsin 26.95 (24.57 - 29.44) 13.39 (11.37 - 15.62) 49.57 (45.68 - 53.46) 24.95 (22.05 - 28.02)
Wyoming 24.66 (22.27 - 27.17) 14.90 (12.41 - 17.67) 47.65 (43.76 - 51.56) 21.73 (18.83 - 24.85)

NOTE: "Binge" Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.17 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 102,619       9,953       10,711       81,955      
Alabama 1,709 (1,578 - 1,840) 168 (154 - 182) 180 (164 - 197) 1,360 (1,235 - 1,486)
Alaska 217 (202 - 231) 25 (23 - 27) 25 (22 - 27) 167 (154 - 181)
Arizona 1,760 (1,628 - 1,893) 187 (172 - 203) 198 (179 - 217) 1,375 (1,249 - 1,501)
Arkansas 1,053 (986 - 1,121) 97 (89 - 106) 101 (92 - 110) 854 (790 - 918)
California 12,576 (12,093 - 13,060) 1,237 (1,192 - 1,281) 1,518 (1,448 - 1,588) 9,822 (9,351 - 10,293)
Colorado 1,452 (1,335 - 1,570) 140 (127 - 153) 135 (120 - 152) 1,176 (1,066 - 1,289)
Connecticut 1,194 (1,097 - 1,291) 104 (95 - 114) 107 (94 - 121) 982 (891 - 1,074)
Delaware 282 (263 - 303) 26 (24 - 29) 28 (26 - 31) 228 (208 - 247)
District of Columbia 237 (224 - 251) 22 (20 - 24) 28 (26 - 30) 187 (174 - 200)
Florida 6,321 (6,078 - 6,565) 548 (523 - 574) 577 (548 - 606) 5,196 (4,957 - 5,434)
Georgia 2,991 (2,780 - 3,204) 313 (292 - 333) 332 (301 - 363) 2,346 (2,145 - 2,548)
Hawaii 428 (395 - 462) 40 (36 - 43) 41 (36 - 46) 348 (316 - 380)
Idaho 478 (447 - 510) 53 (49 - 58) 59 (54 - 65) 366 (337 - 396)
Illinois 4,309 (4,127 - 4,492) 425 (406 - 445) 463 (437 - 490) 3,420 (3,245 - 3,597)
Indiana 2,137 (1,980 - 2,298) 214 (197 - 232) 232 (210 - 255) 1,691 (1,539 - 1,844)
Iowa 900 (827 - 975) 95 (87 - 105) 84 (74 - 95) 721 (651 - 792)
Kansas 905 (833 - 979) 96 (87 - 105) 101 (90 - 112) 708 (640 - 777)
Kentucky 1,642 (1,534 - 1,751) 149 (137 - 161) 151 (136 - 166) 1,342 (1,239 - 1,445)
Louisiana 1,703 (1,590 - 1,816) 188 (174 - 202) 200 (182 - 218) 1,315 (1,206 - 1,424)
Maine 453 (422 - 484) 39 (36 - 43) 36 (32 - 40) 378 (348 - 407)
Maryland 2,069 (1,925 - 2,214) 189 (174 - 204) 207 (189 - 225) 1,674 (1,535 - 1,812)
Massachusetts 2,036 (1,859 - 2,220) 176 (158 - 194) 168 (146 - 191) 1,693 (1,521 - 1,868)
Michigan 3,470 (3,326 - 3,614) 331 (314 - 347) 358 (336 - 380) 2,781 (2,643 - 2,919)
Minnesota 1,617 (1,494 - 1,743) 165 (151 - 180) 170 (152 - 189) 1,282 (1,165 - 1,400)
Mississippi 1,168 (1,094 - 1,241) 126 (117 - 136) 145 (133 - 156) 897 (826 - 966)
Missouri 1,958 (1,805 - 2,114) 193 (177 - 210) 182 (161 - 204) 1,583 (1,437 - 1,730)
Montana 300 (277 - 324) 31 (28 - 34) 29 (26 - 32) 241 (219 - 263)
Nebraska 554 (512 - 596) 61 (56 - 67) 50 (44 - 57) 442 (402 - 482)
Nevada 668 (616 - 720) 61 (56 - 67) 70 (62 - 78) 537 (488 - 586)
New Hampshire 413 (382 - 444) 40 (36 - 43) 32 (28 - 37) 341 (312 - 370)
New Jersey 3,037 (2,816 - 3,259) 260 (241 - 280) 290 (261 - 320) 2,486 (2,275 - 2,700)
New Mexico 715 (670 - 760) 70 (64 - 76) 82 (73 - 90) 563 (521 - 604)
New York 6,954 (6,647 - 7,262) 632 (600 - 665) 696 (655 - 738) 5,625 (5,329 - 5,923)
North Carolina 2,964 (2,755 - 3,175) 304 (284 - 325) 293 (266 - 321) 2,366 (2,164 - 2,569)
North Dakota 195 (179 - 212) 22 (20 - 24) 20 (17 - 22) 153 (138 - 169)
Ohio 3,962 (3,795 - 4,131) 406 (386 - 425) 398 (375 - 423) 3,158 (2,995 - 3,322)
Oklahoma 1,348 (1,252 - 1,443) 129 (117 - 141) 142 (129 - 155) 1,077 (985 - 1,168)
Oregon 1,207 (1,107 - 1,311) 109 (100 - 119) 109 (97 - 122) 989 (892 - 1,087)
Pennsylvania 4,090 (3,896 - 4,286) 409 (389 - 429) 363 (340 - 387) 3,318 (3,126 - 3,512)
Rhode Island 373 (348 - 400) 36 (33 - 39) 33 (29 - 37) 304 (280 - 329)
South Carolina 1,592 (1,488 - 1,697) 157 (145 - 169) 163 (148 - 178) 1,272 (1,172 - 1,371)
South Dakota 233 (215 - 252) 26 (23 - 28) 22 (19 - 25) 185 (168 - 203)
Tennessee 2,428 (2,261 - 2,595) 211 (194 - 229) 233 (210 - 257) 1,983 (1,823 - 2,141)
Texas 8,014 (7,724 - 8,304) 817 (783 - 851) 990 (943 - 1,038) 6,207 (5,923 - 6,490)
Utah 901 (851 - 951) 125 (115 - 134) 150 (139 - 162) 626 (579 - 672)
Vermont 203 (187 - 219) 19 (18 - 21) 17 (15 - 19) 167 (152 - 182)
Virginia 2,609 (2,421 - 2,799) 253 (235 - 272) 247 (221 - 274) 2,109 (1,930 - 2,289)
Washington 2,244 (2,073 - 2,415) 177 (162 - 193) 204 (182 - 226) 1,863 (1,696 - 2,029)
West Virginia 713 (667 - 760) 55 (50 - 60) 68 (61 - 75) 590 (546 - 634)
Wisconsin 1,673 (1,543 - 1,808) 176 (162 - 191) 165 (146 - 185) 1,331 (1,207 - 1,458)
Wyoming 168 (155 - 181) 18 (16 - 20) 18 (16 - 20) 132 (119 - 144)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.18 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 46.18       42.74       37.28       48.15      
Alabama 46.99 (43.40 - 50.60) 45.33 (41.68 - 49.02) 37.94 (34.44 - 41.54) 48.74 (44.25 - 53.24)
Alaska 44.48 (41.56 - 47.43) 39.61 (36.16 - 43.14) 35.31 (31.80 - 38.94) 47.16 (43.38 - 50.97)
Arizona 46.11 (42.65 - 49.61) 43.66 (40.00 - 47.37) 39.02 (35.33 - 42.81) 47.73 (43.37 - 52.12)
Arkansas 49.07 (45.94 - 52.20) 43.32 (39.67 - 47.03) 36.27 (32.98 - 39.66) 51.99 (48.10 - 55.87)
California 49.06 (47.18 - 50.95) 43.74 (42.17 - 45.31) 43.66 (41.65 - 45.68) 50.81 (48.37 - 53.25)
Colorado 43.00 (39.54 - 46.51) 39.20 (35.55 - 42.93) 30.43 (26.89 - 34.16) 45.68 (41.37 - 50.03)
Connecticut 44.25 (40.68 - 47.86) 40.92 (37.11 - 44.81) 34.94 (30.64 - 39.43) 45.98 (41.71 - 50.28)
Delaware 45.15 (41.97 - 48.36) 41.09 (37.54 - 44.72) 36.73 (33.11 - 40.47) 47.02 (43.05 - 51.01)
District of Columbia 55.86 (52.65 - 59.03) 50.77 (46.36 - 55.17) 49.49 (45.74 - 53.24) 57.65 (53.69 - 61.54)
Florida 50.23 (48.29 - 52.16) 46.90 (44.72 - 49.10) 42.72 (40.59 - 44.86) 51.62 (49.25 - 53.99)
Georgia 47.51 (44.15 - 50.88) 46.42 (43.40 - 49.47) 38.91 (35.34 - 42.58) 49.18 (44.96 - 53.41)
Hawaii 44.06 (40.66 - 47.50) 41.57 (37.84 - 45.38) 35.30 (30.94 - 39.85) 45.70 (41.56 - 49.89)
Idaho 44.73 (41.77 - 47.72) 40.98 (37.48 - 44.54) 36.30 (32.89 - 39.82) 47.10 (43.32 - 50.91)
Illinois 44.20 (42.34 - 46.08) 42.57 (40.63 - 44.52) 35.76 (33.74 - 37.82) 45.89 (43.53 - 48.26)
Indiana 43.35 (40.15 - 46.60) 41.87 (38.53 - 45.27) 35.11 (31.74 - 38.60) 44.99 (40.96 - 49.07)
Iowa 37.73 (34.67 - 40.87) 38.06 (34.52 - 41.69) 26.50 (23.35 - 29.83) 39.64 (35.82 - 43.56)
Kansas 42.19 (38.81 - 45.63) 39.82 (36.08 - 43.66) 34.91 (31.10 - 38.87) 43.84 (39.62 - 48.12)
Kentucky 50.14 (46.82 - 53.45) 45.18 (41.64 - 48.75) 34.70 (31.28 - 38.23) 53.44 (49.32 - 57.53)
Louisiana 47.94 (44.76 - 51.13) 44.84 (41.54 - 48.17) 38.68 (35.20 - 42.26) 50.26 (46.10 - 54.42)
Maine 43.35 (40.39 - 46.35) 37.91 (34.45 - 41.47) 29.64 (26.11 - 33.37) 46.04 (42.45 - 49.67)
Maryland 48.57 (45.18 - 51.96) 45.08 (41.48 - 48.72) 41.01 (37.41 - 44.69) 50.15 (46.00 - 54.29)
Massachusetts 39.91 (36.41 - 43.48) 35.25 (31.75 - 38.86) 27.84 (24.15 - 31.76) 42.27 (37.99 - 46.64)
Michigan 43.89 (42.08 - 45.72) 39.74 (37.77 - 41.73) 34.79 (32.70 - 36.93) 46.01 (43.73 - 48.30)
Minnesota 41.11 (37.98 - 44.30) 38.20 (34.94 - 41.55) 32.10 (28.73 - 35.62) 43.12 (39.21 - 47.10)
Mississippi 51.66 (48.39 - 54.92) 48.54 (44.84 - 52.26) 44.80 (41.20 - 48.44) 53.45 (49.27 - 57.61)
Missouri 43.38 (39.98 - 46.82) 40.58 (37.09 - 44.15) 30.89 (27.29 - 34.66) 45.88 (41.64 - 50.16)
Montana 39.06 (36.07 - 42.11) 36.21 (32.70 - 39.84) 29.30 (26.05 - 32.70) 41.12 (37.36 - 44.95)
Nebraska 40.40 (37.35 - 43.52) 39.56 (36.03 - 43.18) 26.93 (23.60 - 30.47) 42.98 (39.10 - 46.93)
Nevada 44.02 (40.63 - 47.45) 42.14 (38.43 - 45.92) 39.02 (34.79 - 43.37) 45.00 (40.93 - 49.12)
New Hampshire 41.24 (38.20 - 44.32) 37.91 (34.33 - 41.60) 27.33 (23.60 - 31.31) 43.79 (40.10 - 47.53)
New Jersey 45.36 (42.07 - 48.68) 41.69 (38.63 - 44.79) 37.19 (33.43 - 41.08) 47.00 (43.00 - 51.03)
New Mexico 48.46 (45.44 - 51.49) 40.47 (36.90 - 44.11) 39.12 (35.16 - 43.18) 51.51 (47.71 - 55.30)
New York 47.07 (44.99 - 49.16) 43.11 (40.92 - 45.32) 38.33 (36.07 - 40.63) 48.96 (46.38 - 51.54)
North Carolina 46.96 (43.65 - 50.29) 47.23 (44.10 - 50.37) 38.07 (34.58 - 41.66) 48.32 (44.19 - 52.46)
North Dakota 36.59 (33.51 - 39.76) 35.60 (32.20 - 39.11) 26.00 (22.92 - 29.27) 38.77 (34.84 - 42.81)
Ohio 42.71 (40.91 - 44.53) 42.55 (40.54 - 44.57) 33.06 (31.08 - 35.08) 44.36 (42.08 - 46.67)
Oklahoma 49.30 (45.80 - 52.80) 42.11 (38.28 - 46.01) 38.96 (35.33 - 42.68) 52.19 (47.76 - 56.60)
Oregon 43.06 (39.45 - 46.71) 39.53 (36.03 - 43.12) 31.18 (27.68 - 34.85) 45.38 (40.92 - 49.90)
Pennsylvania 40.48 (38.56 - 42.42) 41.46 (39.43 - 43.50) 30.79 (28.83 - 32.81) 41.80 (39.39 - 44.24)
Rhode Island 45.58 (42.42 - 48.77) 43.28 (39.44 - 47.17) 35.31 (31.36 - 39.43) 47.35 (43.51 - 51.21)
South Carolina 51.17 (47.83 - 54.51) 48.42 (44.71 - 52.16) 42.42 (38.57 - 46.34) 52.94 (48.79 - 57.05)
South Dakota 37.85 (34.89 - 40.88) 34.87 (31.53 - 38.32) 25.16 (21.91 - 28.63) 40.71 (36.88 - 44.64)
Tennessee 52.52 (48.89 - 56.13) 45.84 (42.06 - 49.66) 39.34 (35.48 - 43.30) 55.54 (51.06 - 59.96)
Texas 50.30 (48.48 - 52.13) 43.67 (41.86 - 45.50) 42.34 (40.34 - 44.37) 52.95 (50.53 - 55.36)
Utah 53.17 (50.21 - 56.10) 50.34 (46.64 - 54.04) 46.98 (43.53 - 50.44) 55.50 (51.35 - 59.60)
Vermont 39.80 (36.71 - 42.95) 35.48 (32.22 - 38.84) 26.86 (23.45 - 30.48) 42.45 (38.61 - 46.35)
Virginia 46.47 (43.12 - 49.84) 45.38 (42.00 - 48.79) 35.95 (32.19 - 39.85) 48.26 (44.17 - 52.37)
Washington 47.26 (43.66 - 50.88) 36.45 (33.30 - 39.68) 34.05 (30.48 - 37.76) 50.85 (46.30 - 55.39)
West Virginia 45.95 (42.97 - 48.94) 38.45 (34.92 - 42.07) 34.53 (31.01 - 38.17) 48.64 (45.01 - 52.28)
Wisconsin 38.41 (35.40 - 41.48) 36.99 (33.95 - 40.11) 28.28 (25.05 - 31.69) 40.37 (36.61 - 44.22)
Wyoming 39.73 (36.64 - 42.88) 36.61 (33.24 - 40.08) 29.53 (26.16 - 33.07) 42.21 (38.31 - 46.18)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.19 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Any Tobacco Product, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 66,126       3,838       12,566       49,722      
Alabama 1,219 (1,100 - 1,343) 68 (58 - 80) 205 (187 - 222) 947 (833 - 1,066)
Alaska 155 (142 - 168) 12 (11 - 14) 33 (31 - 36) 109 (97 - 122)
Arizona 1,093 (989 - 1,201) 63 (53 - 75) 220 (200 - 240) 809 (711 - 912)
Arkansas 754 (692 - 817) 53 (45 - 60) 123 (113 - 133) 579 (520 - 640)
California 6,061 (5,674 - 6,461) 293 (268 - 320) 1,135 (1,068 - 1,203) 4,633 (4,257 - 5,025)
Colorado 1,044 (948 - 1,143) 75 (64 - 88) 217 (199 - 236) 751 (662 - 846)
Connecticut 727 (650 - 808) 51 (43 - 59) 139 (125 - 154) 537 (465 - 614)
Delaware 194 (176 - 211) 13 (11 - 15) 37 (34 - 41) 143 (127 - 160)
District of Columbia 114 (103 - 126) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (18 - 23) 89 (78 - 100)
Florida 3,654 (3,441 - 3,873) 162 (145 - 180) 542 (512 - 572) 2,950 (2,741 - 3,166)
Georgia 2,026 (1,844 - 2,215) 114 (99 - 129) 364 (332 - 397) 1,548 (1,375 - 1,729)
Hawaii 246 (220 - 273) 13 (11 - 16) 46 (41 - 52) 186 (162 - 213)
Idaho 323 (294 - 354) 19 (16 - 22) 65 (59 - 71) 239 (211 - 268)
Illinois 3,043 (2,881 - 3,208) 178 (164 - 193) 614 (586 - 642) 2,250 (2,094 - 2,411)
Indiana 1,617 (1,475 - 1,762) 98 (85 - 112) 319 (295 - 343) 1,200 (1,066 - 1,340)
Iowa 758 (695 - 823) 47 (40 - 55) 162 (150 - 174) 549 (490 - 611)
Kansas 647 (587 - 709) 41 (34 - 48) 139 (127 - 150) 467 (411 - 526)
Kentucky 1,239 (1,141 - 1,339) 86 (75 - 97) 239 (224 - 255) 914 (821 - 1,010)
Louisiana 1,138 (1,041 - 1,239) 72 (62 - 83) 227 (209 - 245) 839 (747 - 936)
Maine 313 (287 - 339) 19 (16 - 22) 58 (53 - 64) 235 (211 - 261)
Maryland 1,161 (1,045 - 1,283) 68 (58 - 80) 197 (179 - 216) 896 (785 - 1,013)
Massachusetts 1,415 (1,273 - 1,563) 86 (74 - 100) 283 (257 - 310) 1,046 (912 - 1,188)
Michigan 2,511 (2,386 - 2,638) 145 (132 - 158) 504 (481 - 526) 1,862 (1,743 - 1,984)
Minnesota 1,285 (1,179 - 1,393) 91 (79 - 104) 280 (259 - 300) 914 (814 - 1,019)
Mississippi 759 (691 - 829) 51 (44 - 59) 136 (124 - 147) 573 (509 - 639)
Missouri 1,604 (1,466 - 1,744) 92 (79 - 106) 307 (283 - 330) 1,205 (1,075 - 1,339)
Montana 254 (234 - 275) 18 (16 - 21) 49 (45 - 53) 187 (167 - 207)
Nebraska 415 (379 - 453) 23 (19 - 28) 93 (86 - 100) 299 (265 - 334)
Nevada 512 (466 - 560) 27 (23 - 32) 81 (73 - 89) 405 (360 - 451)
New Hampshire 292 (267 - 318) 19 (16 - 22) 54 (49 - 59) 220 (196 - 244)
New Jersey 1,753 (1,580 - 1,934) 92 (79 - 106) 338 (308 - 369) 1,323 (1,159 - 1,496)
New Mexico 441 (403 - 480) 32 (27 - 37) 97 (88 - 106) 312 (277 - 348)
New York 3,956 (3,708 - 4,212) 200 (179 - 222) 717 (676 - 758) 3,040 (2,802 - 3,287)
North Carolina 2,083 (1,901 - 2,270) 127 (111 - 144) 382 (353 - 411) 1,573 (1,400 - 1,755)
North Dakota 176 (162 - 191) 16 (14 - 18) 40 (37 - 43) 121 (108 - 134)
Ohio 3,177 (3,026 - 3,331) 179 (164 - 195) 625 (599 - 651) 2,373 (2,227 - 2,523)
Oklahoma 976 (893 - 1,062) 57 (48 - 67) 179 (165 - 193) 740 (661 - 822)
Oregon 885 (801 - 973) 48 (41 - 56) 169 (156 - 183) 668 (587 - 752)
Pennsylvania 3,176 (3,011 - 3,344) 184 (169 - 199) 571 (546 - 596) 2,421 (2,261 - 2,586)
Rhode Island 245 (223 - 269) 13 (11 - 16) 39 (35 - 43) 193 (171 - 215)
South Carolina 943 (852 - 1,037) 58 (49 - 67) 154 (140 - 169) 731 (644 - 822)
South Dakota 192 (176 - 208) 17 (15 - 20) 44 (41 - 48) 131 (116 - 146)
Tennessee 1,566 (1,430 - 1,704) 92 (79 - 107) 291 (267 - 315) 1,183 (1,057 - 1,314)
Texas 4,479 (4,232 - 4,733) 291 (267 - 315) 936 (890 - 983) 3,252 (3,011 - 3,502)
Utah 337 (294 - 383) 26 (20 - 33) 88 (78 - 99) 222 (184 - 265)
Vermont 150 (137 - 164) 10 (8 - 11) 30 (27 - 32) 111 (99 - 123)
Virginia 1,547 (1,399 - 1,702) 83 (71 - 96) 306 (278 - 334) 1,158 (1,018 - 1,307)
Washington 1,374 (1,231 - 1,524) 73 (62 - 85) 227 (205 - 249) 1,074 (936 - 1,220)
West Virginia 607 (562 - 651) 33 (29 - 37) 107 (100 - 114) 467 (425 - 510)
Wisconsin 1,354 (1,235 - 1,474) 95 (83 - 108) 304 (282 - 326) 954 (845 - 1,069)
Wyoming 138 (127 - 150) 10 (9 - 12) 31 (29 - 34) 97 (86 - 108)

NOTE: Any Tobacco product indicates use at least once of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.20 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Tobacco Product, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 29.76       16.49        43.75       29.22      
Alabama 33.53 (30.26 - 36.92) 18.41 (15.55 - 21.55) 43.06 (39.38 - 46.79) 33.92 (29.83 - 38.19)
Alaska 31.79 (29.15 - 34.52) 19.77 (17.03 - 22.74) 47.35 (43.36 - 51.37) 30.80 (27.44 - 34.31)
Arizona 28.63 (25.91 - 31.48) 14.78 (12.42 - 17.41) 43.47 (39.53 - 47.47) 28.09 (24.70 - 31.68)
Arkansas 35.12 (32.25 - 38.08) 23.41 (20.21 - 26.84) 44.00 (40.43 - 47.62) 35.22 (31.62 - 38.95)
California 23.64 (22.13 - 25.21) 10.36 (9.47 - 11.31) 32.64 (30.73 - 34.59) 23.97 (22.02 - 26.00)
Colorado 30.91 (28.09 - 33.85) 21.10 (17.91 - 24.57) 48.93 (44.75 - 53.12) 29.17 (25.69 - 32.85)
Connecticut 26.95 (24.09 - 29.95) 19.84 (16.75 - 23.23) 45.55 (40.73 - 50.44) 25.13 (21.77 - 28.72)
Delaware 30.91 (28.19 - 33.74) 19.96 (17.19 - 22.96) 48.24 (44.19 - 52.31) 29.61 (26.27 - 33.11)
District of Columbia 26.92 (24.22 - 29.76) 11.76 (9.32 - 14.57) 36.14 (32.49 - 39.91) 27.34 (24.03 - 30.85)
Florida 29.04 (27.34 - 30.77) 13.89 (12.44 - 15.43) 40.15 (37.94 - 42.39) 29.30 (27.23 - 31.45)
Georgia 32.17 (29.28 - 35.16) 16.88 (14.76 - 19.17) 42.69 (38.93 - 46.52) 32.45 (28.81 - 36.25)
Hawaii 25.30 (22.63 - 28.12) 13.93 (11.45 - 16.71) 40.06 (35.58 - 44.66) 24.49 (21.26 - 27.94)
Idaho 30.22 (27.49 - 33.07) 14.50 (12.13 - 17.13) 40.21 (36.55 - 43.94) 30.75 (27.20 - 34.47)
Illinois 31.21 (29.55 - 32.91) 17.84 (16.40 - 19.34) 47.38 (45.22 - 49.55) 30.19 (28.10 - 32.35)
Indiana 32.78 (29.92 - 35.74) 19.14 (16.60 - 21.89) 48.27 (44.70 - 51.85) 31.93 (28.37 - 35.65)
Iowa 31.78 (29.15 - 34.50) 18.77 (16.02 - 21.77) 51.04 (47.20 - 54.87) 30.22 (26.97 - 33.61)
Kansas 30.12 (27.34 - 33.02) 16.92 (14.14 - 20.00) 48.03 (44.07 - 52.02) 28.90 (25.41 - 32.58)
Kentucky 37.82 (34.84 - 40.87) 26.03 (22.83 - 29.43) 55.11 (51.49 - 58.69) 36.39 (32.68 - 40.23)
Louisiana 32.04 (29.30 - 34.88) 17.08 (14.69 - 19.69) 43.92 (40.41 - 47.47) 32.08 (28.56 - 35.76)
Maine 29.92 (27.50 - 32.43) 18.17 (15.45 - 21.15) 48.14 (43.90 - 52.41) 28.71 (25.79 - 31.77)
Maryland 27.25 (24.53 - 30.11) 16.32 (13.76 - 19.14) 39.11 (35.41 - 42.90) 26.83 (23.53 - 30.34)
Massachusetts 27.70 (24.92 - 30.61) 17.25 (14.77 - 19.94) 47.01 (42.65 - 51.39) 26.12 (22.78 - 29.67)
Michigan 31.76 (30.19 - 33.37) 17.40 (15.91 - 18.96) 48.98 (46.79 - 51.18) 30.81 (28.84 - 32.83)
Minnesota 32.64 (29.95 - 35.41) 21.11 (18.30 - 24.14) 52.73 (48.92 - 56.53) 30.75 (27.38 - 34.27)
Mississippi 33.57 (30.59 - 36.66) 19.64 (16.83 - 22.69) 41.99 (38.49 - 45.54) 34.13 (30.35 - 38.07)
Missouri 35.50 (32.46 - 38.63) 19.38 (16.64 - 22.36) 51.99 (47.94 - 56.02) 34.92 (31.17 - 38.82)
Montana 33.02 (30.36 - 35.75) 21.63 (18.81 - 24.65) 49.56 (45.89 - 53.23) 31.87 (28.57 - 35.31)
Nebraska 30.30 (27.66 - 33.03) 15.05 (12.52 - 17.86) 49.61 (45.63 - 53.59) 29.04 (25.79 - 32.46)
Nevada 33.78 (30.72 - 36.94) 18.55 (15.61 - 21.78) 45.07 (40.61 - 49.58) 33.94 (30.22 - 37.81)
New Hampshire 29.20 (26.67 - 31.81) 17.88 (15.26 - 20.75) 45.42 (41.17 - 49.73) 28.25 (25.23 - 31.41)
New Jersey 26.18 (23.60 - 28.89) 14.70 (12.65 - 16.95) 43.38 (39.46 - 47.36) 25.00 (21.91 - 28.29)
New Mexico 29.88 (27.35 - 32.50) 18.50 (15.69 - 21.57) 46.59 (42.32 - 50.89) 28.51 (25.32 - 31.86)
New York 26.78 (25.10 - 28.51) 13.60 (12.17 - 15.13) 39.49 (37.23 - 41.77) 26.46 (24.38 - 28.61)
North Carolina 32.99 (30.12 - 35.95) 19.73 (17.28 - 22.36) 49.60 (45.80 - 53.39) 32.12 (28.58 - 35.83)
North Dakota 33.04 (30.45 - 35.71) 24.90 (21.79 - 28.21) 52.90 (49.16 - 56.62) 30.54 (27.25 - 33.97)
Ohio 34.25 (32.62 - 35.91) 18.78 (17.20 - 20.44) 51.84 (49.70 - 53.98) 33.34 (31.28 - 35.44)
Oklahoma 35.71 (32.65 - 38.85) 18.71 (15.80 - 21.92) 49.17 (45.43 - 52.90) 35.86 (32.03 - 39.83)
Oregon 31.55 (28.54 - 34.69) 17.48 (14.93 - 20.26) 48.29 (44.49 - 52.09) 30.65 (26.96 - 34.53)
Pennsylvania 31.43 (29.80 - 33.10) 18.65 (17.14 - 20.23) 48.38 (46.26 - 50.50) 30.50 (28.48 - 32.58)
Rhode Island 29.94 (27.19 - 32.80) 15.88 (13.27 - 18.76) 41.96 (37.83 - 46.17) 30.00 (26.66 - 33.51)
South Carolina 30.29 (27.38 - 33.33) 17.77 (15.12 - 20.67) 40.10 (36.33 - 43.95) 30.41 (26.80 - 34.21)
South Dakota 31.19 (28.62 - 33.85) 23.54 (20.53 - 26.75) 51.05 (47.04 - 55.05) 28.68 (25.47 - 32.06)
Tennessee 33.84 (30.93 - 36.85) 19.99 (17.10 - 23.13) 49.04 (44.94 - 53.15) 33.13 (29.60 - 36.81)
Texas 28.12 (26.56 - 29.71) 15.54 (14.28 - 16.86) 40.03 (38.06 - 42.02) 27.74 (25.69 - 29.88)
Utah 19.86 (17.32 - 22.59) 10.57 (8.29 - 13.24) 27.48 (24.23 - 30.93) 19.73 (16.31 - 23.53)
Vermont 29.48 (26.93 - 32.13) 17.72 (15.12 - 20.57) 47.85 (43.64 - 52.08) 28.19 (25.11 - 31.44)
Virginia 27.55 (24.92 - 30.31) 14.87 (12.68 - 17.28) 44.57 (40.56 - 48.63) 26.50 (23.30 - 29.90)
Washington 28.94 (25.92 - 32.10) 15.01 (12.80 - 17.45) 37.88 (34.20 - 41.66) 29.32 (25.56 - 33.31)
West Virginia 39.08 (36.24 - 41.98) 23.14 (20.22 - 26.27) 54.45 (50.66 - 58.20) 38.48 (35.02 - 42.03)
Wisconsin 31.03 (28.35 - 33.81) 19.92 (17.42 - 22.62) 52.14 (48.34 - 55.93) 28.94 (25.62 - 32.43)
Wyoming 32.82 (30.18 - 35.54) 20.56 (17.82 - 23.52) 51.72 (47.81 - 55.63) 31.07 (27.73 - 34.57)

NOTE: Any Tobacco product indicates use at least once of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.21 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Past Month Users of Cigarettes, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 56,261       3,294       11,115       41,852      
Alabama 967 (870 - 1,070) 59 (49 - 69) 171 (154 - 188) 738 (646 - 837)
Alaska 123 (112 - 135) 10 (9 - 12) 31 (28 - 34) 82 (72 - 93)
Arizona 924 (827 - 1,026) 60 (50 - 71) 201 (180 - 222) 664 (575 - 759)
Arkansas 611 (555 - 670) 42 (36 - 48) 104 (94 - 114) 466 (412 - 522)
California 5,458 (5,078 - 5,852) 250 (227 - 275) 1,035 (970 - 1,102) 4,172 (3,804 - 4,558)
Colorado 854 (772 - 939) 61 (52 - 72) 196 (178 - 213) 597 (521 - 678)
Connecticut 650 (580 - 724) 42 (35 - 50) 129 (115 - 144) 479 (414 - 549)
Delaware 169 (152 - 186) 10 (8 - 12) 34 (31 - 37) 125 (110 - 141)
District of Columbia 105 (94 - 116) 4 (3 - 5) 18 (16 - 20) 82 (72 - 93)
Florida 3,144 (2,943 - 3,351) 132 (117 - 149) 472 (443 - 501) 2,540 (2,342 - 2,744)
Georgia 1,676 (1,509 - 1,850) 96 (83 - 109) 318 (287 - 350) 1,262 (1,103 - 1,431)
Hawaii 218 (194 - 244) 11 (9 - 14) 46 (41 - 51) 161 (138 - 186)
Idaho 255 (230 - 282) 16 (14 - 20) 59 (53 - 65) 180 (157 - 205)
Illinois 2,609 (2,462 - 2,761) 155 (142 - 170) 557 (529 - 585) 1,898 (1,755 - 2,045)
Indiana 1,343 (1,217 - 1,473) 83 (71 - 97) 273 (251 - 296) 986 (867 - 1,112)
Iowa 615 (558 - 675) 42 (36 - 49) 136 (124 - 148) 437 (383 - 494)
Kansas 519 (463 - 577) 33 (27 - 39) 115 (103 - 126) 371 (320 - 426)
Kentucky 1,065 (972 - 1,161) 74 (64 - 84) 204 (189 - 220) 787 (698 - 880)
Louisiana 981 (890 - 1,077) 63 (53 - 73) 207 (189 - 225) 712 (627 - 802)
Maine 278 (254 - 303) 17 (15 - 20) 54 (49 - 59) 207 (184 - 231)
Maryland 998 (886 - 1,116) 59 (49 - 70) 177 (159 - 195) 762 (656 - 877)
Massachusetts 1,241 (1,108 - 1,380) 77 (65 - 91) 249 (224 - 274) 914 (791 - 1,048)
Michigan 2,142 (2,026 - 2,261) 132 (121 - 144) 445 (423 - 468) 1,564 (1,453 - 1,680)
Minnesota 1,064 (963 - 1,167) 84 (72 - 96) 256 (236 - 277) 724 (631 - 823)
Mississippi 607 (545 - 671) 38 (32 - 46) 109 (98 - 119) 459 (401 - 522)
Missouri 1,317 (1,185 - 1,453) 72 (60 - 85) 269 (245 - 293) 976 (854 - 1,106)
Montana 185 (168 - 203) 15 (13 - 17) 41 (37 - 45) 129 (113 - 147)
Nebraska 317 (286 - 350) 21 (18 - 26) 81 (73 - 88) 215 (187 - 245)
Nevada 441 (397 - 487) 24 (20 - 28) 74 (66 - 82) 343 (302 - 387)
New Hampshire 255 (231 - 279) 16 (14 - 19) 50 (45 - 56) 188 (166 - 211)
New Jersey 1,565 (1,402 - 1,736) 79 (67 - 92) 309 (279 - 340) 1,177 (1,022 - 1,343)
New Mexico 373 (337 - 410) 27 (23 - 32) 86 (78 - 95) 259 (227 - 294)
New York 3,603 (3,362 - 3,853) 180 (160 - 201) 655 (614 - 697) 2,768 (2,536 - 3,011)
North Carolina 1,775 (1,610 - 1,946) 111 (97 - 127) 339 (311 - 368) 1,324 (1,167 - 1,490)
North Dakota 141 (128 - 155) 13 (11 - 15) 35 (32 - 38) 93 (82 - 106)
Ohio 2,698 (2,558 - 2,841) 151 (137 - 166) 541 (516 - 565) 2,006 (1,870 - 2,146)
Oklahoma 780 (705 - 859) 46 (38 - 54) 155 (142 - 169) 579 (508 - 655)
Oregon 703 (628 - 781) 42 (35 - 49) 147 (133 - 161) 514 (444 - 589)
Pennsylvania 2,647 (2,493 - 2,805) 162 (148 - 177) 494 (469 - 520) 1,991 (1,842 - 2,146)
Rhode Island 216 (195 - 239) 12 (10 - 14) 35 (31 - 39) 170 (150 - 191)
South Carolina 801 (715 - 891) 50 (42 - 59) 136 (122 - 151) 614 (533 - 700)
South Dakota 154 (139 - 168) 14 (12 - 16) 39 (35 - 42) 101 (88 - 115)
Tennessee 1,307 (1,176 - 1,442) 79 (67 - 92) 263 (239 - 288) 964 (842 - 1,095)
Texas 3,772 (3,526 - 4,028) 236 (214 - 258) 811 (766 - 857) 2,726 (2,490 - 2,973)
Utah 295 (254 - 339) 25 (19 - 31) 79 (69 - 90) 191 (155 - 231)
Vermont 124 (112 - 136) 8 (7 - 9) 27 (25 - 30) 89 (78 - 100)
Virginia 1,339 (1,198 - 1,488) 73 (62 - 86) 264 (236 - 292) 1,002 (870 - 1,143)
Washington 1,133 (1,005 - 1,270) 65 (55 - 77) 206 (184 - 229) 862 (739 - 995)
West Virginia 474 (432 - 516) 28 (24 - 33) 89 (82 - 97) 356 (317 - 397)
Wisconsin 1,126 (1,021 - 1,234) 84 (73 - 96) 268 (246 - 291) 773 (677 - 877)
Wyoming 108 (97 - 119) 8 (7 - 9) 26 (24 - 29) 74 (64 - 84)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.22 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 25.32       14.15       38.69       24.59      
Alabama 26.60 (23.92 - 29.41) 15.81 (13.32 - 18.55) 35.90 (32.32 - 39.60) 26.45 (23.13 - 29.98)
Alaska 25.26 (22.91 - 27.72) 16.37 (13.91 - 19.06) 43.83 (39.87 - 47.84) 23.13 (20.19 - 26.27)
Arizona 24.21 (21.67 - 26.90) 13.95 (11.64 - 16.51) 39.60 (35.49 - 43.83) 23.04 (19.95 - 26.36)
Arkansas 28.48 (25.84 - 31.23) 18.56 (15.89 - 21.46) 37.29 (33.74 - 40.94) 28.35 (25.10 - 31.77)
California 21.29 (19.81 - 22.83) 8.85 (8.04 - 9.72) 29.78 (27.90 - 31.71) 21.58 (19.68 - 23.58)
Colorado 25.27 (22.86 - 27.81) 17.17 (14.49 - 20.13) 44.01 (40.08 - 48.00) 23.17 (20.22 - 26.33)
Connecticut 24.11 (21.52 - 26.85) 16.63 (13.85 - 19.72) 42.18 (37.47 - 47.00) 22.40 (19.37 - 25.68)
Delaware 26.93 (24.32 - 29.65) 15.39 (12.98 - 18.04) 43.72 (39.75 - 47.75) 25.78 (22.66 - 29.10)
District of Columbia 24.66 (22.14 - 27.32) 9.90 (7.76 - 12.41) 32.42 (28.99 - 36.00) 25.28 (22.18 - 28.57)
Florida 24.98 (23.38 - 26.63) 11.30 (9.99 - 12.73) 34.96 (32.84 - 37.13) 25.23 (23.27 - 27.27)
Georgia 26.60 (23.96 - 29.37) 14.19 (12.33 - 16.22) 37.29 (33.64 - 41.05) 26.45 (23.12 - 29.99)
Hawaii 22.45 (19.96 - 25.08) 12.05 (9.86 - 14.54) 39.63 (35.16 - 44.22) 21.14 (18.15 - 24.38)
Idaho 23.87 (21.51 - 26.34) 12.64 (10.47 - 15.06) 36.28 (32.66 - 40.01) 23.14 (20.16 - 26.33)
Illinois 26.77 (25.25 - 28.33) 15.54 (14.18 - 16.98) 42.94 (40.81 - 45.09) 25.46 (23.55 - 27.44)
Indiana 27.22 (24.68 - 29.88) 16.28 (13.92 - 18.86) 41.31 (37.91 - 44.76) 26.24 (23.08 - 29.60)
Iowa 25.77 (23.37 - 28.29) 16.89 (14.31 - 19.73) 42.87 (39.08 - 46.72) 24.02 (21.08 - 27.15)
Kansas 24.16 (21.60 - 26.88) 13.66 (11.32 - 16.29) 39.62 (35.63 - 43.71) 22.97 (19.82 - 26.37)
Kentucky 32.49 (29.66 - 35.43) 22.42 (19.45 - 25.62) 47.01 (43.48 - 50.57) 31.32 (27.79 - 35.02)
Louisiana 27.63 (25.06 - 30.32) 14.92 (12.64 - 17.44) 40.05 (36.57 - 43.61) 27.21 (23.96 - 30.65)
Maine 26.64 (24.34 - 29.04) 16.72 (14.31 - 19.37) 44.67 (40.52 - 48.88) 25.23 (22.50 - 28.12)
Maryland 23.42 (20.80 - 26.20) 14.04 (11.63 - 16.75) 35.06 (31.47 - 38.77) 22.84 (19.64 - 26.28)
Massachusetts 24.29 (21.69 - 27.03) 15.49 (13.07 - 18.17) 41.33 (37.22 - 45.53) 22.84 (19.74 - 26.16)
Michigan 27.09 (25.62 - 28.60) 15.88 (14.48 - 17.35) 43.29 (41.11 - 45.49) 25.88 (24.04 - 27.79)
Minnesota 27.02 (24.49 - 29.66) 19.34 (16.67 - 22.23) 48.36 (44.58 - 52.15) 24.35 (21.24 - 27.68)
Mississippi 26.83 (24.11 - 29.68) 14.79 (12.34 - 17.53) 33.65 (30.47 - 36.95) 27.39 (23.90 - 31.09)
Missouri 29.15 (26.25 - 32.18) 15.09 (12.64 - 17.80) 45.62 (41.57 - 49.72) 28.29 (24.75 - 32.05)
Montana 24.07 (21.79 - 26.45) 17.47 (14.92 - 20.25) 41.39 (37.81 - 45.03) 22.10 (19.33 - 25.07)
Nebraska 23.14 (20.88 - 25.54) 13.91 (11.44 - 16.68) 43.01 (39.08 - 47.00) 20.90 (18.17 - 23.84)
Nevada 29.07 (26.17 - 32.10) 16.42 (13.76 - 19.37) 41.27 (36.93 - 45.71) 28.77 (25.31 - 32.42)
New Hampshire 25.43 (23.07 - 27.90) 15.76 (13.31 - 18.46) 42.35 (37.90 - 46.89) 24.15 (21.39 - 27.08)
New Jersey 23.37 (20.94 - 25.93) 12.58 (10.68 - 14.68) 39.67 (35.81 - 43.62) 22.24 (19.31 - 25.39)
New Mexico 25.26 (22.86 - 27.78) 15.80 (13.29 - 18.58) 41.19 (37.18 - 45.28) 23.73 (20.78 - 26.88)
New York 24.39 (22.76 - 26.08) 12.25 (10.89 - 13.71) 36.08 (33.84 - 38.36) 24.09 (22.07 - 26.21)
North Carolina 28.11 (25.51 - 30.83) 17.29 (15.07 - 19.69) 44.04 (40.36 - 47.77) 27.03 (23.83 - 30.42)
North Dakota 26.46 (24.04 - 28.99) 20.61 (17.87 - 23.55) 46.03 (42.38 - 49.71) 23.65 (20.68 - 26.82)
Ohio 29.09 (27.58 - 30.63) 15.89 (14.40 - 17.46) 44.87 (42.85 - 46.90) 28.18 (26.27 - 30.15)
Oklahoma 28.54 (25.79 - 31.41) 14.95 (12.49 - 17.68) 42.67 (39.02 - 46.38) 28.07 (24.60 - 31.73)
Oregon 25.05 (22.39 - 27.85) 15.03 (12.62 - 17.69) 41.99 (38.06 - 45.98) 23.61 (20.40 - 27.05)
Pennsylvania 26.20 (24.68 - 27.76) 16.44 (15.01 - 17.95) 41.88 (39.73 - 44.06) 25.08 (23.20 - 27.03)
Rhode Island 26.39 (23.77 - 29.14) 14.03 (11.61 - 16.75) 37.25 (33.19 - 41.45) 26.40 (23.28 - 29.71)
South Carolina 25.72 (22.96 - 28.63) 15.49 (13.06 - 18.17) 35.46 (31.71 - 39.34) 25.54 (22.19 - 29.13)
South Dakota 24.96 (22.67 - 27.36) 18.95 (16.16 - 22.00) 44.60 (40.68 - 48.58) 22.22 (19.41 - 25.24)
Tennessee 28.24 (25.43 - 31.19) 17.15 (14.58 - 19.97) 44.38 (40.34 - 48.47) 27.02 (23.59 - 30.67)
Texas 23.68 (22.13 - 25.28) 12.59 (11.46 - 13.80) 34.67 (32.73 - 36.64) 23.26 (21.24 - 25.36)
Utah 17.39 (14.99 - 20.00) 10.05 (7.84 - 12.62) 24.75 (21.49 - 28.25) 16.91 (13.73 - 20.50)
Vermont 24.30 (21.95 - 26.76) 14.49 (12.16 - 17.06) 43.66 (39.69 - 47.68) 22.59 (19.78 - 25.59)
Virginia 23.84 (21.33 - 26.49) 13.13 (11.09 - 15.39) 38.41 (34.35 - 42.60) 22.92 (19.91 - 26.15)
Washington 23.87 (21.16 - 26.75) 13.44 (11.33 - 15.78) 34.42 (30.79 - 38.19) 23.54 (20.17 - 27.17)
West Virginia 30.51 (27.84 - 33.27) 19.90 (16.98 - 23.09) 45.55 (41.67 - 49.47) 29.34 (26.14 - 32.69)
Wisconsin 25.81 (23.42 - 28.31) 17.70 (15.39 - 20.21) 45.96 (42.13 - 49.82) 23.46 (20.53 - 26.59)
Wyoming 25.55 (23.10 - 28.13) 16.20 (13.81 - 18.83) 42.83 (38.89 - 46.83) 23.67 (20.66 - 26.89)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.23 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 151,075       14,524       18,169       118,381      
Alabama 2,456 (2,334 - 2,575) 228 (214 - 242) 293 (277 - 309) 1,935 (1,817 - 2,047)
Alaska 319 (305 - 333) 38 (36 - 40) 43 (40 - 46) 238 (225 - 251)
Arizona 2,657 (2,540 - 2,770) 275 (260 - 289) 323 (304 - 341) 2,060 (1,947 - 2,166)
Arkansas 1,384 (1,321 - 1,446) 136 (128 - 144) 166 (157 - 176) 1,082 (1,022 - 1,140)
California 18,677 (18,240 - 19,101) 1,878 (1,835 - 1,920) 2,533 (2,469 - 2,595) 14,265 (13,835 - 14,679)
Colorado 2,278 (2,173 - 2,379) 212 (198 - 225) 274 (257 - 291) 1,792 (1,692 - 1,886)
Connecticut 1,903 (1,823 - 1,980) 160 (150 - 169) 191 (178 - 204) 1,552 (1,476 - 1,623)
Delaware 427 (409 - 446) 39 (37 - 42) 48 (46 - 51) 340 (322 - 357)
District of Columbia 297 (284 - 309) 28 (26 - 30) 41 (39 - 43) 228 (216 - 239)
Florida 8,800 (8,570 - 9,025) 792 (768 - 816) 905 (877 - 933) 7,103 (6,876 - 7,323)
Georgia 4,207 (4,003 - 4,405) 430 (410 - 450) 548 (517 - 578) 3,229 (3,034 - 3,415)
Hawaii 645 (612 - 677) 59 (55 - 62) 75 (70 - 80) 511 (480 - 541)
Idaho 725 (696 - 754) 85 (81 - 90) 101 (95 - 107) 539 (511 - 565)
Illinois 6,537 (6,367 - 6,704) 617 (597 - 637) 792 (764 - 819) 5,128 (4,963 - 5,288)
Indiana 3,191 (3,040 - 3,339) 314 (297 - 331) 388 (366 - 410) 2,489 (2,343 - 2,628)
Iowa 1,501 (1,425 - 1,575) 152 (143 - 161) 181 (169 - 192) 1,168 (1,096 - 1,237)
Kansas 1,358 (1,292 - 1,423) 136 (126 - 145) 160 (149 - 171) 1,063 (1,000 - 1,123)
Kentucky 1,992 (1,888 - 2,094) 187 (175 - 198) 235 (220 - 250) 1,570 (1,470 - 1,668)
Louisiana 2,288 (2,182 - 2,391) 259 (245 - 272) 327 (309 - 344) 1,702 (1,601 - 1,799)
Maine 727 (699 - 754) 66 (63 - 70) 75 (70 - 80) 586 (559 - 611)
Maryland 2,918 (2,779 - 3,052) 264 (249 - 279) 323 (304 - 341) 2,332 (2,197 - 2,459)
Massachusetts 3,700 (3,550 - 3,846) 324 (306 - 341) 397 (374 - 420) 2,979 (2,835 - 3,114)
Michigan 5,268 (5,135 - 5,398) 519 (502 - 535) 607 (584 - 630) 4,142 (4,015 - 4,266)
Minnesota 2,546 (2,431 - 2,660) 257 (243 - 272) 305 (286 - 324) 1,983 (1,873 - 2,089)
Mississippi 1,531 (1,460 - 1,601) 165 (155 - 175) 207 (195 - 218) 1,159 (1,091 - 1,225)
Missouri 2,974 (2,830 - 3,114) 291 (274 - 307) 345 (323 - 367) 2,338 (2,202 - 2,468)
Montana 526 (504 - 547) 53 (50 - 56) 61 (57 - 64) 412 (391 - 432)
Nebraska 871 (830 - 911) 90 (84 - 96) 105 (98 - 112) 675 (637 - 712)
Nevada 1,018 (970 - 1,064) 85 (80 - 91) 115 (107 - 123) 818 (773 - 861)
New Hampshire 673 (645 - 701) 64 (60 - 68) 73 (68 - 78) 537 (510 - 562)
New Jersey 4,799 (4,603 - 4,987) 399 (380 - 418) 502 (473 - 529) 3,898 (3,708 - 4,077)
New Mexico 1,006 (966 - 1,044) 103 (97 - 109) 132 (124 - 140) 771 (734 - 806)
New York 10,464 (10,197 - 10,724) 909 (879 - 939) 1,208 (1,169 - 1,246) 8,347 (8,087 - 8,598)
North Carolina 3,851 (3,633 - 4,064) 361 (340 - 382) 439 (410 - 467) 3,052 (2,841 - 3,256)
North Dakota 353 (338 - 369) 38 (36 - 40) 46 (43 - 49) 269 (255 - 283)
Ohio 5,953 (5,792 - 6,112) 566 (546 - 585) 685 (661 - 709) 4,703 (4,546 - 4,855)
Oklahoma 1,744 (1,654 - 1,831) 186 (174 - 198) 223 (210 - 236) 1,334 (1,249 - 1,416)
Oregon 1,887 (1,793 - 1,978) 178 (168 - 187) 212 (198 - 225) 1,497 (1,406 - 1,584)
Pennsylvania 6,665 (6,488 - 6,838) 593 (574 - 613) 698 (673 - 724) 5,373 (5,200 - 5,541)
Rhode Island 583 (559 - 607) 53 (49 - 56) 61 (57 - 64) 470 (447 - 492)
South Carolina 2,126 (2,028 - 2,220) 200 (189 - 212) 248 (234 - 261) 1,677 (1,583 - 1,767)
South Dakota 387 (370 - 404) 43 (40 - 45) 46 (43 - 50) 298 (281 - 313)
Tennessee 3,050 (2,910 - 3,187) 265 (248 - 282) 358 (336 - 379) 2,427 (2,293 - 2,555)
Texas 11,083 (10,822 - 11,338) 1,163 (1,130 - 1,196) 1,495 (1,449 - 1,540) 8,425 (8,172 - 8,669)
Utah 1,275 (1,232 - 1,317) 178 (170 - 186) 240 (231 - 250) 857 (817 - 894)
Vermont 357 (343 - 370) 33 (31 - 35) 39 (37 - 41) 284 (271 - 297)
Virginia 3,790 (3,617 - 3,957) 340 (322 - 358) 431 (404 - 457) 3,019 (2,854 - 3,177)
Washington 3,224 (3,072 - 3,371) 308 (292 - 324) 384 (362 - 405) 2,532 (2,386 - 2,672)
West Virginia 984 (938 - 1,029) 85 (80 - 90) 114 (107 - 122) 784 (740 - 826)
Wisconsin 2,825 (2,705 - 2,945) 290 (276 - 304) 335 (314 - 356) 2,200 (2,084 - 2,311)
Wyoming 274 (262 - 286) 29 (27 - 31) 35 (33 - 38) 210 (198 - 221)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.24 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 1999 and 2000 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 67.99       62.37       63.25       69.55      
Alabama 67.55 (64.17 - 70.80) 61.65 (57.85 - 65.34) 61.63 (58.22 - 64.96) 69.33 (65.09 - 73.33)
Alaska 65.52 (62.55 - 68.39) 61.07 (57.58 - 64.48) 61.10 (57.34 - 64.76) 67.18 (63.38 - 70.82)
Arizona 69.64 (66.55 - 72.59) 63.99 (60.53 - 67.34) 63.73 (59.98 - 67.37) 71.52 (67.59 - 75.21)
Arkansas 64.49 (61.52 - 67.38) 60.40 (56.74 - 63.97) 59.77 (56.33 - 63.15) 65.84 (62.18 - 69.36)
California 72.86 (71.16 - 74.52) 66.41 (64.90 - 67.89) 72.88 (71.04 - 74.66) 73.80 (71.57 - 75.94)
Colorado 67.46 (64.36 - 70.46) 59.47 (55.67 - 63.19) 61.68 (57.81 - 65.43) 69.56 (65.71 - 73.22)
Connecticut 70.55 (67.59 - 73.39) 62.50 (58.66 - 66.23) 62.64 (58.24 - 66.90) 72.64 (69.11 - 75.97)
Delaware 68.32 (65.33 - 71.20) 61.15 (57.43 - 64.77) 62.59 (58.98 - 66.10) 70.17 (66.48 - 73.67)
District of Columbia 69.94 (66.99 - 72.78) 64.49 (60.33 - 68.49) 72.31 (68.94 - 75.50) 70.26 (66.62 - 73.72)
Florida 69.92 (68.09 - 71.71) 67.77 (65.72 - 69.77) 67.02 (64.93 - 69.07) 70.56 (68.31 - 72.75)
Georgia 66.81 (63.56 - 69.94) 63.85 (60.79 - 66.83) 64.22 (60.63 - 67.70) 67.68 (63.59 - 71.57)
Hawaii 66.35 (62.96 - 69.62) 61.94 (58.14 - 65.63) 64.76 (60.52 - 68.83) 67.15 (63.01 - 71.09)
Idaho 67.81 (65.06 - 70.47) 66.04 (62.63 - 69.34) 61.98 (58.33 - 65.53) 69.32 (65.79 - 72.68)
Illinois 67.06 (65.31 - 68.77) 61.83 (59.82 - 63.82) 61.08 (58.91 - 63.22) 68.80 (66.59 - 70.95)
Indiana 64.72 (61.65 - 67.71) 61.32 (57.98 - 64.59) 58.76 (55.39 - 62.06) 66.22 (62.36 - 69.93)
Iowa 62.91 (59.74 - 66.01) 60.68 (57.06 - 64.21) 57.06 (53.38 - 60.69) 64.24 (60.26 - 68.07)
Kansas 63.31 (60.23 - 66.32) 56.26 (52.44 - 60.03) 55.39 (51.47 - 59.27) 65.77 (61.87 - 69.51)
Kentucky 60.80 (57.63 - 63.91) 56.60 (53.05 - 60.10) 54.02 (50.54 - 57.47) 62.52 (58.53 - 66.39)
Louisiana 64.41 (61.42 - 67.31) 61.65 (58.32 - 64.90) 63.38 (59.94 - 66.72) 65.05 (61.19 - 68.77)
Maine 69.64 (66.95 - 72.23) 64.21 (60.76 - 67.56) 61.83 (57.94 - 65.61) 71.46 (68.23 - 74.54)
Maryland 68.49 (65.22 - 71.63) 63.04 (59.36 - 66.61) 63.98 (60.24 - 67.60) 69.86 (65.82 - 73.68)
Massachusetts 72.49 (69.51 - 75.32) 64.82 (61.27 - 68.26) 65.93 (62.06 - 69.65) 74.40 (70.80 - 77.77)
Michigan 66.64 (64.95 - 68.29) 62.33 (60.36 - 64.28) 59.02 (56.77 - 61.24) 68.52 (66.42 - 70.57)
Minnesota 64.72 (61.77 - 67.59) 59.58 (56.13 - 62.96) 57.53 (53.96 - 61.05) 66.73 (63.02 - 70.29)
Mississippi 67.76 (64.58 - 70.81) 63.58 (59.83 - 67.20) 64.04 (60.48 - 67.49) 69.11 (65.02 - 73.00)
Missouri 65.87 (62.68 - 68.97) 61.05 (57.54 - 64.47) 58.54 (54.82 - 62.18) 67.78 (63.82 - 71.55)
Montana 68.32 (65.46 - 71.08) 61.92 (58.33 - 65.42) 61.31 (57.83 - 64.72) 70.42 (66.84 - 73.83)
Nebraska 63.56 (60.58 - 66.46) 58.19 (54.37 - 61.93) 56.18 (52.44 - 59.88) 65.69 (61.96 - 69.29)
Nevada 67.14 (63.99 - 70.19) 58.86 (55.05 - 62.60) 64.38 (60.00 - 68.57) 68.56 (64.78 - 72.17)
New Hampshire 67.30 (64.44 - 70.06) 61.17 (57.52 - 64.73) 61.54 (57.40 - 65.56) 68.99 (65.55 - 72.28)
New Jersey 71.69 (68.76 - 74.49) 63.95 (60.88 - 66.94) 64.35 (60.69 - 67.89) 73.69 (70.08 - 77.07)
New Mexico 68.17 (65.47 - 70.78) 59.31 (55.77 - 62.78) 63.21 (59.33 - 66.96) 70.53 (67.14 - 73.75)
New York 70.83 (69.03 - 72.59) 61.98 (59.93 - 63.99) 66.53 (64.36 - 68.64) 72.64 (70.38 - 74.83)
North Carolina 61.01 (57.55 - 64.38) 56.01 (52.76 - 59.22) 56.92 (53.17 - 60.61) 62.30 (58.00 - 66.47)
North Dakota 66.26 (63.35 - 69.08) 60.72 (57.23 - 64.13) 60.55 (56.99 - 64.04) 68.21 (64.52 - 71.74)
Ohio 64.18 (62.44 - 65.88) 59.37 (57.33 - 61.40) 56.82 (54.81 - 58.81) 66.06 (63.87 - 68.21)
Oklahoma 63.79 (60.52 - 66.98) 60.75 (56.85 - 64.56) 61.36 (57.77 - 64.86) 64.67 (60.54 - 68.65)
Oregon 67.27 (63.91 - 70.51) 64.31 (60.70 - 67.80) 60.36 (56.45 - 64.17) 68.74 (64.56 - 72.70)
Pennsylvania 65.96 (64.21 - 67.68) 60.20 (58.20 - 62.17) 59.19 (57.02 - 61.33) 67.68 (65.51 - 69.81)
Rhode Island 71.19 (68.20 - 74.04) 63.21 (59.34 - 66.95) 64.92 (60.98 - 68.71) 73.11 (69.52 - 76.48)
South Carolina 68.30 (65.15 - 71.33) 61.74 (58.15 - 65.23) 64.44 (60.81 - 67.94) 69.80 (65.87 - 73.52)
South Dakota 62.85 (60.06 - 65.58) 58.22 (54.67 - 61.72) 53.42 (49.60 - 57.21) 65.37 (61.81 - 68.80)
Tennessee 65.98 (62.94 - 68.92) 57.53 (53.77 - 61.23) 60.30 (56.71 - 63.82) 68.00 (64.25 - 71.58)
Texas 69.57 (67.93 - 71.17) 62.21 (60.42 - 63.97) 63.91 (61.96 - 65.83) 71.87 (69.71 - 73.95)
Utah 75.24 (72.68 - 77.68) 71.93 (68.61 - 75.08) 75.07 (72.04 - 77.93) 76.01 (72.46 - 79.30)
Vermont 70.03 (67.29 - 72.66) 60.60 (57.06 - 64.05) 63.00 (59.29 - 66.61) 72.44 (69.08 - 75.62)
Virginia 67.49 (64.41 - 70.46) 60.87 (57.65 - 64.03) 62.74 (58.83 - 66.53) 69.08 (65.29 - 72.69)
Washington 67.91 (64.71 - 71.00) 63.34 (60.04 - 66.56) 64.13 (60.52 - 67.62) 69.14 (65.13 - 72.95)
West Virginia 63.40 (60.44 - 66.28) 59.89 (56.22 - 63.49) 58.21 (54.50 - 61.86) 64.63 (61.00 - 68.14)
Wisconsin 64.86 (62.07 - 67.58) 60.88 (57.92 - 63.78) 57.44 (53.79 - 61.03) 66.71 (63.20 - 70.09)
Wyoming 64.99 (62.02 - 67.87) 58.27 (54.58 - 61.90) 57.95 (54.15 - 61.69) 67.42 (63.68 - 70.99)

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999 and 2000.

20429
Table A.25 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 12,384       1,225       3,750       7,409      
Alabama 197 (153 - 249) 22 (16 - 31) 58 (45 - 74) 116 (79 - 165)
Alaska 34 (27 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 14) 19 (13 - 26)
Arizona 230 (178 - 291) 24 (17 - 33) 59 (44 - 76) 147 (102 - 205)
Arkansas 105 (83 - 129) 13 (10 - 18) 32 (25 - 41) 59 (41 - 82)
California 1,561 (1,328 - 1,821) 138 (117 - 162) 404 (346 - 468) 1,019 (805 - 1,271)
Colorado 216 (170 - 271) 24 (18 - 33) 72 (57 - 89) 120 (81 - 172)
Connecticut 183 (143 - 229) 19 (14 - 25) 57 (45 - 71) 107 (73 - 150)
Delaware 36 (28 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 13) 23 (16 - 31)
District of Columbia 25 (20 - 32) 2 (1 - 3) 9 (7 - 11) 15 (10 - 21)
Florida 700 (594 - 819) 49 (39 - 61) 179 (154 - 206) 472 (373 - 589)
Georgia 319 (249 - 401) 27 (19 - 36) 98 (76 - 126) 194 (133 - 272)
Hawaii 53 (40 - 67) 6 (4 - 9) 18 (14 - 24) 28 (18 - 42)
Idaho 62 (51 - 76) 8 (5 - 10) 23 (18 - 29) 32 (23 - 43)
Illinois 610 (524 - 705) 50 (40 - 61) 185 (160 - 213) 375 (297 - 466)
Indiana 257 (204 - 318) 29 (21 - 38) 86 (68 - 107) 142 (97 - 199)
Iowa 137 (110 - 169) 15 (11 - 20) 46 (35 - 57) 77 (54 - 106)
Kansas 122 (94 - 155) 13 (9 - 18) 35 (26 - 47) 74 (50 - 105)
Kentucky 168 (134 - 207) 20 (15 - 26) 54 (42 - 69) 94 (66 - 131)
Louisiana 216 (169 - 272) 21 (15 - 29) 64 (49 - 81) 131 (90 - 183)
Maine 52 (42 - 64) 9 (6 - 11) 18 (13 - 23) 25 (17 - 36)
Maryland 224 (171 - 288) 21 (15 - 28) 71 (55 - 89) 133 (87 - 194)
Massachusetts 366 (291 - 450) 37 (28 - 49) 113 (90 - 140) 215 (152 - 294)
Michigan 441 (383 - 504) 45 (37 - 55) 145 (126 - 167) 250 (200 - 309)
Minnesota 219 (175 - 269) 24 (17 - 32) 80 (64 - 99) 115 (79 - 162)
Mississippi 125 (95 - 162) 12 (8 - 17) 34 (26 - 44) 79 (53 - 115)
Missouri 237 (189 - 292) 28 (20 - 38) 85 (66 - 107) 124 (84 - 176)
Montana 54 (44 - 66) 9 (6 - 11) 18 (15 - 22) 27 (19 - 38)
Nebraska 95 (75 - 117) 11 (8 - 14) 30 (23 - 37) 54 (38 - 75)
Nevada 89 (69 - 112) 8 (6 - 11) 26 (19 - 33) 55 (38 - 77)
New Hampshire 64 (51 - 78) 8 (6 - 11) 20 (16 - 26) 36 (25 - 49)
New Jersey 326 (247 - 422) 29 (21 - 39) 79 (58 - 105) 218 (148 - 308)
New Mexico 97 (77 - 120) 14 (10 - 19) 33 (25 - 41) 50 (34 - 71)
New York 704 (597 - 824) 64 (50 - 80) 230 (197 - 266) 410 (314 - 526)
North Carolina 285 (219 - 364) 25 (17 - 34) 90 (69 - 115) 170 (112 - 246)
North Dakota 40 (32 - 48) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (13 - 20) 17 (12 - 25)
Ohio 454 (389 - 526) 44 (35 - 55) 158 (137 - 181) 252 (195 - 321)
Oklahoma 145 (112 - 185) 15 (10 - 21) 43 (33 - 55) 86 (57 - 125)
Oregon 167 (128 - 210) 17 (12 - 23) 51 (39 - 63) 99 (66 - 141)
Pennsylvania 559 (478 - 649) 50 (41 - 61) 165 (142 - 189) 344 (271 - 431)
Rhode Island 53 (41 - 65) 5 (4 - 7) 16 (13 - 20) 31 (22 - 43)
South Carolina 144 (113 - 181) 14 (10 - 19) 42 (32 - 54) 88 (61 - 123)
South Dakota 47 (38 - 57) 6 (4 - 8) 17 (13 - 21) 24 (17 - 33)
Tennessee 249 (195 - 312) 27 (19 - 37) 74 (57 - 94) 148 (103 - 207)
Texas 913 (774 - 1,068) 98 (80 - 119) 275 (235 - 318) 540 (414 - 690)
Utah 86 (67 - 107) 11 (7 - 16) 35 (26 - 46) 40 (27 - 57)
Vermont 30 (24 - 37) 4 (3 - 5) 9 (7 - 11) 18 (12 - 24)
Virginia 268 (211 - 334) 21 (15 - 28) 87 (66 - 111) 160 (112 - 221)
Washington 259 (200 - 329) 32 (24 - 43) 64 (48 - 84) 162 (110 - 229)
West Virginia 72 (57 - 90) 8 (6 - 11) 22 (16 - 28) 42 (30 - 58)
Wisconsin 264 (213 - 319) 34 (25 - 44) 92 (73 - 115) 138 (97 - 190)
Wyoming 25 (21 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 10 (8 - 12) 12 (9 - 17)

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.26 Percentages Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 5.54       5.24       12.94       4.33      
Alabama 5.39 (4.18 - 6.83) 6.02 (4.21 - 8.30) 12.25 (9.38 - 15.61) 4.15 (2.81 - 5.88)
Alaska 6.91 (5.48 - 8.58) 6.17 (4.40 - 8.37) 15.90 (12.46 - 19.85) 5.24 (3.65 - 7.26)
Arizona 5.95 (4.62 - 7.53) 5.54 (3.88 - 7.65) 11.44 (8.60 - 14.81) 5.04 (3.49 - 7.02)
Arkansas 4.84 (3.86 - 5.99) 5.95 (4.29 - 8.00) 11.52 (8.85 - 14.67) 3.58 (2.49 - 4.96)
California 6.07 (5.16 - 7.08) 4.84 (4.10 - 5.68) 11.50 (9.85 - 13.31) 5.26 (4.15 - 6.56)
Colorado 6.34 (4.98 - 7.94) 6.79 (4.92 - 9.10) 15.93 (12.67 - 19.65) 4.62 (3.10 - 6.60)
Connecticut 6.77 (5.31 - 8.49) 7.35 (5.31 - 9.86) 18.64 (14.69 - 23.13) 5.01 (3.43 - 7.03)
Delaware 5.69 (4.48 - 7.12) 4.48 (3.18 - 6.11) 13.26 (10.25 - 16.77) 4.64 (3.28 - 6.36)
District of Columbia 5.94 (4.66 - 7.44) 4.35 (2.96 - 6.15) 14.78 (11.47 - 18.63) 4.55 (3.11 - 6.41)
Florida 5.52 (4.68 - 6.45) 4.15 (3.27 - 5.17) 13.10 (11.28 - 15.09) 4.65 (3.67 - 5.81)
Georgia 5.01 (3.91 - 6.31) 3.93 (2.78 - 5.37) 11.42 (8.76 - 14.55) 4.02 (2.76 - 5.65)
Hawaii 5.40 (4.13 - 6.92) 6.43 (4.33 - 9.13) 16.02 (11.90 - 20.89) 3.67 (2.35 - 5.47)
Idaho 5.74 (4.67 - 6.98) 5.79 (4.15 - 7.83) 14.08 (11.08 - 17.55) 4.01 (2.86 - 5.47)
Illinois 6.24 (5.36 - 7.22) 4.96 (4.00 - 6.09) 14.20 (12.27 - 16.30) 5.02 (3.98 - 6.24)
Indiana 5.18 (4.12 - 6.42) 5.56 (4.01 - 7.49) 13.00 (10.25 - 16.16) 3.76 (2.58 - 5.28)
Iowa 5.74 (4.59 - 7.08) 5.92 (4.28 - 7.96) 14.27 (11.12 - 17.91) 4.22 (2.97 - 5.82)
Kansas 5.65 (4.35 - 7.19) 5.29 (3.62 - 7.44) 12.10 (8.91 - 15.93) 4.55 (3.08 - 6.45)
Kentucky 5.12 (4.09 - 6.31) 6.04 (4.42 - 8.04) 12.44 (9.60 - 15.76) 3.74 (2.61 - 5.18)
Louisiana 6.07 (4.76 - 7.63) 5.14 (3.65 - 7.01) 12.26 (9.39 - 15.63) 4.99 (3.43 - 6.99)
Maine 4.95 (3.97 - 6.10) 8.50 (6.28 - 11.18) 14.57 (11.04 - 18.72) 3.09 (2.11 - 4.35)
Maryland 5.23 (3.99 - 6.72) 4.93 (3.49 - 6.74) 13.83 (10.71 - 17.46) 3.96 (2.59 - 5.78)
Massachusetts 7.12 (5.68 - 8.80) 7.38 (5.51 - 9.65) 18.52 (14.71 - 22.84) 5.38 (3.81 - 7.35)
Michigan 5.56 (4.84 - 6.36) 5.43 (4.45 - 6.56) 14.08 (12.18 - 16.15) 4.13 (3.30 - 5.10)
Minnesota 5.52 (4.41 - 6.80) 5.48 (3.96 - 7.36) 14.87 (11.79 - 18.40) 3.86 (2.64 - 5.43)
Mississippi 5.52 (4.18 - 7.11) 4.63 (3.13 - 6.59) 10.50 (7.99 - 13.47) 4.71 (3.11 - 6.80)
Missouri 5.22 (4.16 - 6.45) 5.90 (4.26 - 7.94) 14.25 (11.08 - 17.92) 3.59 (2.43 - 5.10)
Montana 6.96 (5.64 - 8.48) 10.16 (7.51 - 13.35) 18.21 (14.82 - 22.01) 4.61 (3.18 - 6.45)
Nebraska 6.85 (5.45 - 8.49) 6.85 (4.92 - 9.25) 15.66 (12.18 - 19.68) 5.27 (3.72 - 7.22)
Nevada 5.76 (4.48 - 7.28) 5.71 (4.03 - 7.84) 13.93 (10.47 - 18.03) 4.53 (3.12 - 6.34)
New Hampshire 6.33 (5.09 - 7.78) 7.55 (5.46 - 10.14) 16.81 (12.99 - 21.23) 4.55 (3.21 - 6.24)
New Jersey 4.86 (3.68 - 6.28) 4.65 (3.36 - 6.26) 10.11 (7.43 - 13.37) 4.11 (2.80 - 5.81)
New Mexico 6.51 (5.16 - 8.08) 8.29 (6.02 - 11.06) 15.46 (11.91 - 19.59) 4.52 (3.07 - 6.40)
New York 4.76 (4.04 - 5.58) 4.33 (3.42 - 5.39) 12.60 (10.79 - 14.60) 3.57 (2.74 - 4.58)
North Carolina 4.48 (3.44 - 5.72) 3.80 (2.67 - 5.24) 11.62 (8.87 - 14.85) 3.44 (2.28 - 4.99)
North Dakota 7.37 (6.02 - 8.92) 9.41 (6.92 - 12.43) 21.16 (17.22 - 25.55) 4.40 (2.96 - 6.28)
Ohio 4.89 (4.19 - 5.66) 4.64 (3.70 - 5.75) 13.02 (11.28 - 14.92) 3.54 (2.73 - 4.50)
Oklahoma 5.28 (4.07 - 6.72) 4.95 (3.38 - 6.97) 11.81 (9.09 - 15.01) 4.17 (2.77 - 6.02)
Oregon 5.87 (4.54 - 7.44) 6.23 (4.50 - 8.37) 14.25 (11.13 - 17.86) 4.50 (3.02 - 6.43)
Pennsylvania 5.52 (4.72 - 6.41) 5.07 (4.12 - 6.16) 13.87 (11.99 - 15.93) 4.33 (3.41 - 5.42)
Rhode Island 6.40 (5.05 - 7.97) 5.96 (4.25 - 8.09) 17.15 (13.48 - 21.34) 4.89 (3.42 - 6.74)
South Carolina 4.61 (3.61 - 5.80) 4.17 (2.93 - 5.75) 10.99 (8.40 - 14.07) 3.66 (2.53 - 5.10)
South Dakota 7.52 (6.08 - 9.18) 7.89 (5.77 - 10.48) 19.13 (15.02 - 23.81) 5.28 (3.70 - 7.26)
Tennessee 5.34 (4.19 - 6.69) 5.78 (4.10 - 7.89) 12.33 (9.48 - 15.68) 4.13 (2.86 - 5.75)
Texas 5.69 (4.82 - 6.65) 5.23 (4.27 - 6.33) 11.61 (9.94 - 13.45) 4.57 (3.51 - 5.84)
Utah 4.98 (3.93 - 6.21) 4.54 (3.02 - 6.52) 10.72 (7.96 - 14.04) 3.48 (2.34 - 4.96)
Vermont 5.93 (4.76 - 7.28) 6.99 (5.14 - 9.25) 14.31 (11.34 - 17.71) 4.44 (3.12 - 6.12)
Virginia 4.74 (3.74 - 5.92) 3.71 (2.66 - 5.04) 12.60 (9.62 - 16.12) 3.64 (2.55 - 5.03)
Washington 5.41 (4.17 - 6.88) 6.67 (4.89 - 8.85) 10.64 (7.99 - 13.80) 4.39 (2.97 - 6.22)
West Virginia 4.66 (3.68 - 5.81) 5.95 (4.28 - 8.04) 11.15 (8.41 - 14.41) 3.48 (2.44 - 4.79)
Wisconsin 6.00 (4.87 - 7.29) 7.12 (5.33 - 9.28) 15.63 (12.30 - 19.45) 4.17 (2.94 - 5.73)
Wyoming 5.97 (4.86 - 7.25) 7.27 (5.25 - 9.78) 15.60 (12.28 - 19.41) 3.90 (2.71 - 5.42)

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.27 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 5,225       432       1,337       3,456      
Alabama 94 (67 - 129) 8 (5 - 13) 24 (16 - 34) 62 (37 - 97)
Alaska 13 (10 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 8 (5 - 13)
Arizona 101 (72 - 138) 11 (7 - 17) 23 (15 - 33) 67 (41 - 103)
Arkansas 48 (35 - 63) 5 (3 - 7) 14 (10 - 20) 29 (18 - 44)
California 668 (519 - 844) 50 (37 - 64) 148 (115 - 187) 470 (331 - 646)
Colorado 77 (56 - 104) 7 (4 - 11) 26 (17 - 36) 45 (26 - 71)
Connecticut 73 (50 - 103) 6 (4 - 10) 18 (12 - 26) 49 (28 - 79)
Delaware 15 (10 - 20) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (6 - 16)
District of Columbia 12 (9 - 17) 1 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (5 - 13)
Florida 288 (216 - 374) 17 (11 - 24) 57 (43 - 74) 214 (146 - 303)
Georgia 159 (110 - 222) 9 (6 - 14) 35 (23 - 50) 115 (70 - 178)
Hawaii 22 (14 - 33) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 10) 15 (7 - 26)
Idaho 28 (21 - 37) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (6 - 13) 16 (10 - 25)
Illinois 243 (193 - 301) 14 (10 - 20) 80 (63 - 99) 149 (104 - 205)
Indiana 116 (83 - 156) 9 (6 - 14) 32 (22 - 44) 75 (46 - 115)
Iowa 55 (41 - 72) 6 (3 - 8) 18 (12 - 25) 32 (20 - 48)
Kansas 50 (35 - 68) 4 (2 - 6) 13 (8 - 19) 33 (20 - 51)
Kentucky 74 (54 - 100) 8 (5 - 13) 18 (12 - 26) 48 (29 - 74)
Louisiana 103 (74 - 140) 9 (5 - 13) 25 (17 - 37) 69 (43 - 105)
Maine 22 (16 - 31) 4 (3 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 13 (7 - 21)
Maryland 87 (61 - 120) 8 (5 - 13) 22 (14 - 32) 56 (33 - 91)
Massachusetts 125 (91 - 167) 11 (7 - 17) 30 (20 - 42) 84 (53 - 126)
Michigan 171 (137 - 211) 16 (12 - 22) 49 (38 - 61) 106 (76 - 145)
Minnesota 96 (71 - 127) 7 (4 - 11) 31 (21 - 44) 58 (37 - 88)
Mississippi 71 (50 - 97) 4 (3 - 7) 16 (11 - 23) 50 (31 - 76)
Missouri 98 (70 - 132) 8 (5 - 13) 30 (21 - 43) 59 (35 - 93)
Montana 18 (14 - 24) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 9) 10 (6 - 15)
Nebraska 34 (25 - 46) 4 (2 - 6) 10 (7 - 14) 21 (13 - 32)
Nevada 34 (24 - 46) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (6 - 14) 21 (13 - 33)
New Hampshire 24 (17 - 32) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 10) 15 (9 - 23)
New Jersey 140 (94 - 200) 7 (4 - 11) 24 (15 - 36) 109 (66 - 170)
New Mexico 43 (31 - 57) 7 (4 - 10) 11 (7 - 15) 25 (15 - 39)
New York 300 (232 - 380) 24 (17 - 34) 74 (57 - 95) 202 (140 - 281)
North Carolina 145 (104 - 197) 10 (6 - 16) 40 (28 - 56) 95 (58 - 146)
North Dakota 13 (10 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 7) 7 (4 - 11)
Ohio 196 (153 - 248) 15 (10 - 21) 60 (47 - 76) 121 (83 - 172)
Oklahoma 64 (45 - 88) 6 (4 - 10) 17 (11 - 24) 40 (24 - 65)
Oregon 71 (48 - 101) 6 (4 - 10) 19 (13 - 27) 46 (26 - 75)
Pennsylvania 237 (191 - 291) 16 (11 - 21) 62 (48 - 77) 160 (116 - 214)
Rhode Island 19 (14 - 25) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 7) 12 (8 - 19)
South Carolina 74 (53 - 100) 6 (3 - 9) 17 (11 - 24) 52 (33 - 77)
South Dakota 18 (13 - 23) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 8) 9 (6 - 14)
Tennessee 115 (82 - 157) 8 (5 - 12) 27 (18 - 38) 81 (50 - 123)
Texas 361 (287 - 448) 36 (26 - 49) 98 (76 - 124) 227 (161 - 313)
Utah 34 (24 - 45) 5 (3 - 7) 9 (6 - 14) 20 (12 - 31)
Vermont 12 (9 - 16) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 5) 7 (5 - 11)
Virginia 116 (83 - 157) 8 (5 - 13) 29 (20 - 41) 79 (48 - 121)
Washington 106 (75 - 144) 14 (9 - 20) 22 (14 - 31) 70 (43 - 108)
West Virginia 34 (25 - 46) 3 (2 - 5) 9 (6 - 12) 22 (13 - 34)
Wisconsin 98 (73 - 129) 12 (8 - 17) 27 (18 - 39) 59 (37 - 89)
Wyoming 9 (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (3 - 8)

NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.28 Percentages Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.34       1.85       4.61       2.02      
Alabama 2.58 (1.82 - 3.54) 2.21 (1.32 - 3.45) 5.11 (3.46 - 7.24) 2.20 (1.32 - 3.45)
Alaska 2.74 (1.98 - 3.68) 3.24 (1.94 - 5.07) 4.50 (2.95 - 6.55) 2.29 (1.38 - 3.58)
Arizona 2.62 (1.87 - 3.56) 2.61 (1.61 - 4.00) 4.45 (2.98 - 6.36) 2.30 (1.40 - 3.54)
Arkansas 2.21 (1.62 - 2.94) 2.02 (1.25 - 3.09) 5.17 (3.57 - 7.21) 1.74 (1.07 - 2.68)
California 2.59 (2.02 - 3.28) 1.74 (1.31 - 2.26) 4.21 (3.28 - 5.32) 2.43 (1.71 - 3.34)
Colorado 2.27 (1.64 - 3.04) 1.95 (1.18 - 3.03) 5.66 (3.86 - 7.96) 1.72 (1.02 - 2.72)
Connecticut 2.70 (1.84 - 3.82) 2.40 (1.38 - 3.87) 5.80 (3.76 - 8.50) 2.30 (1.33 - 3.69)
Delaware 2.33 (1.64 - 3.20) 2.10 (1.27 - 3.27) 3.77 (2.37 - 5.70) 2.13 (1.30 - 3.27)
District of Columbia 2.90 (2.07 - 3.93) 1.55 (0.88 - 2.53) 5.22 (3.51 - 7.43) 2.66 (1.66 - 4.03)
Florida 2.27 (1.70 - 2.95) 1.40 (0.95 - 2.01) 4.16 (3.15 - 5.37) 2.11 (1.44 - 2.99)
Georgia 2.50 (1.73 - 3.50) 1.36 (0.83 - 2.09) 4.03 (2.68 - 5.80) 2.39 (1.45 - 3.71)
Hawaii 2.30 (1.49 - 3.40) 1.44 (0.78 - 2.44) 5.58 (3.44 - 8.52) 1.92 (0.98 - 3.39)
Idaho 2.60 (1.93 - 3.41) 2.18 (1.32 - 3.39) 5.47 (3.75 - 7.69) 2.07 (1.30 - 3.13)
Illinois 2.48 (1.98 - 3.08) 1.45 (1.02 - 2.01) 6.10 (4.83 - 7.59) 1.99 (1.39 - 2.75)
Indiana 2.33 (1.68 - 3.16) 1.79 (1.11 - 2.73) 4.78 (3.32 - 6.64) 1.98 (1.21 - 3.05)
Iowa 2.30 (1.71 - 3.03) 2.24 (1.40 - 3.40) 5.55 (3.81 - 7.78) 1.74 (1.09 - 2.63)
Kansas 2.31 (1.63 - 3.16) 1.60 (0.93 - 2.55) 4.42 (2.83 - 6.56) 2.03 (1.23 - 3.16)
Kentucky 2.26 (1.63 - 3.05) 2.54 (1.60 - 3.84) 4.21 (2.83 - 6.01) 1.89 (1.15 - 2.93)
Louisiana 2.90 (2.08 - 3.93) 2.08 (1.29 - 3.18) 4.90 (3.25 - 7.05) 2.64 (1.64 - 4.01)
Maine 2.14 (1.52 - 2.92) 4.02 (2.53 - 6.05) 4.72 (2.88 - 7.28) 1.53 (0.86 - 2.51)
Maryland 2.03 (1.42 - 2.81) 2.02 (1.19 - 3.19) 4.28 (2.80 - 6.25) 1.68 (0.97 - 2.72)
Massachusetts 2.44 (1.78 - 3.26) 2.20 (1.38 - 3.31) 4.88 (3.33 - 6.89) 2.10 (1.33 - 3.15)
Michigan 2.16 (1.73 - 2.67) 1.97 (1.40 - 2.68) 4.71 (3.67 - 5.95) 1.76 (1.26 - 2.39)
Minnesota 2.43 (1.81 - 3.21) 1.69 (1.02 - 2.62) 5.72 (3.88 - 8.09) 1.96 (1.23 - 2.95)
Mississippi 3.11 (2.20 - 4.26) 1.69 (0.98 - 2.72) 4.99 (3.30 - 7.21) 2.97 (1.85 - 4.51)
Missouri 2.16 (1.55 - 2.92) 1.77 (1.08 - 2.73) 5.11 (3.48 - 7.21) 1.71 (1.02 - 2.70)
Montana 2.36 (1.75 - 3.09) 2.32 (1.38 - 3.67) 6.53 (4.60 - 8.95) 1.66 (0.99 - 2.61)
Nebraska 2.50 (1.83 - 3.33) 2.33 (1.43 - 3.58) 5.40 (3.71 - 7.57) 2.00 (1.22 - 3.11)
Nevada 2.18 (1.57 - 2.95) 1.91 (1.13 - 3.02) 5.29 (3.53 - 7.60) 1.74 (1.05 - 2.73)
New Hampshire 2.36 (1.71 - 3.17) 1.95 (1.20 - 2.98) 5.72 (3.76 - 8.30) 1.89 (1.17 - 2.90)
New Jersey 2.08 (1.39 - 2.97) 1.10 (0.66 - 1.73) 3.01 (1.87 - 4.57) 2.06 (1.24 - 3.20)
New Mexico 2.86 (2.09 - 3.81) 3.85 (2.48 - 5.68) 5.07 (3.37 - 7.29) 2.28 (1.40 - 3.51)
New York 2.03 (1.57 - 2.57) 1.64 (1.14 - 2.28) 4.05 (3.10 - 5.18) 1.76 (1.22 - 2.45)
North Carolina 2.28 (1.64 - 3.09) 1.56 (0.95 - 2.41) 5.18 (3.59 - 7.20) 1.92 (1.17 - 2.96)
North Dakota 2.48 (1.85 - 3.24) 2.37 (1.50 - 3.55) 6.12 (4.29 - 8.43) 1.79 (1.09 - 2.77)
Ohio 2.11 (1.65 - 2.67) 1.55 (1.06 - 2.20) 4.97 (3.89 - 6.25) 1.70 (1.16 - 2.41)
Oklahoma 2.32 (1.63 - 3.21) 2.04 (1.19 - 3.27) 4.64 (3.12 - 6.61) 1.95 (1.14 - 3.13)
Oregon 2.52 (1.70 - 3.59) 2.31 (1.40 - 3.59) 5.42 (3.69 - 7.64) 2.09 (1.17 - 3.44)
Pennsylvania 2.34 (1.88 - 2.88) 1.57 (1.13 - 2.13) 5.19 (4.08 - 6.49) 2.01 (1.47 - 2.69)
Rhode Island 2.31 (1.69 - 3.08) 1.84 (1.10 - 2.88) 5.48 (3.66 - 7.85) 1.91 (1.20 - 2.89)
South Carolina 2.36 (1.70 - 3.19) 1.73 (1.03 - 2.71) 4.32 (2.86 - 6.26) 2.14 (1.36 - 3.20)
South Dakota 2.83 (2.14 - 3.66) 3.55 (2.15 - 5.49) 6.81 (4.66 - 9.54) 1.96 (1.22 - 2.99)
Tennessee 2.47 (1.76 - 3.37) 1.68 (0.99 - 2.66) 4.44 (2.94 - 6.43) 2.25 (1.40 - 3.42)
Texas 2.25 (1.79 - 2.79) 1.91 (1.37 - 2.60) 4.12 (3.20 - 5.23) 1.93 (1.36 - 2.65)
Utah 1.96 (1.42 - 2.63) 1.86 (1.08 - 2.97) 2.78 (1.73 - 4.21) 1.75 (1.07 - 2.70)
Vermont 2.33 (1.74 - 3.06) 2.13 (1.34 - 3.21) 5.42 (3.82 - 7.44) 1.87 (1.17 - 2.82)
Virginia 2.05 (1.47 - 2.78) 1.47 (0.93 - 2.23) 4.18 (2.84 - 5.91) 1.79 (1.10 - 2.76)
Washington 2.21 (1.58 - 3.01) 2.82 (1.80 - 4.20) 3.57 (2.35 - 5.18) 1.91 (1.17 - 2.93)
West Virginia 2.20 (1.58 - 2.97) 2.46 (1.52 - 3.76) 4.40 (2.92 - 6.36) 1.81 (1.11 - 2.80)
Wisconsin 2.24 (1.66 - 2.94) 2.50 (1.62 - 3.67) 4.65 (3.12 - 6.64) 1.78 (1.12 - 2.68)
Wyoming 2.20 (1.62 - 2.91) 2.34 (1.39 - 3.69) 4.85 (3.29 - 6.86) 1.66 (1.01 - 2.57)

NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.29 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 4,504       1,061       1,602       1,841      
Alabama 68 (51 - 88) 14 (10 - 19) 28 (20 - 38) 26 (14 - 44)
Alaska 13 (10 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8)
Arizona 111 (77 - 154) 26 (18 - 36) 30 (21 - 42) 55 (28 - 96)
Arkansas 43 (32 - 56) 11 (8 - 15) 15 (11 - 20) 17 (9 - 29)
California 621 (511 - 749) 146 (123 - 172) 177 (143 - 217) 298 (202 - 424)
Colorado 82 (61 - 109) 19 (14 - 26) 28 (20 - 38) 36 (19 - 60)
Connecticut 58 (42 - 76) 15 (11 - 20) 20 (14 - 28) 22 (12 - 38)
Delaware 14 (10 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (3 - 6) 7 (4 - 12)
District of Columbia 10 (7 - 14) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 5 (3 - 9)
Florida 226 (184 - 274) 51 (40 - 63) 82 (66 - 99) 94 (60 - 140)
Georgia 125 (92 - 166) 28 (20 - 37) 42 (29 - 57) 56 (29 - 96)
Hawaii 18 (13 - 25) 4 (3 - 6) 7 (4 - 10) 7 (3 - 14)
Idaho 21 (16 - 26) 6 (4 - 9) 8 (6 - 11) 6 (3 - 11)
Illinois 176 (146 - 211) 38 (30 - 46) 69 (55 - 85) 70 (45 - 102)
Indiana 86 (67 - 109) 20 (14 - 27) 38 (28 - 52) 28 (16 - 47)
Iowa 33 (25 - 42) 9 (7 - 13) 12 (8 - 17) 11 (6 - 19)
Kansas 40 (29 - 52) 9 (6 - 13) 14 (10 - 20) 16 (9 - 27)
Kentucky 67 (51 - 86) 14 (10 - 19) 27 (19 - 36) 27 (15 - 43)
Louisiana 77 (59 - 98) 18 (13 - 24) 31 (23 - 42) 28 (15 - 47)
Maine 20 (15 - 26) 5 (4 - 7) 7 (5 - 10) 8 (4 - 13)
Maryland 92 (68 - 121) 20 (14 - 28) 32 (23 - 43) 40 (21 - 69)
Massachusetts 125 (91 - 167) 30 (22 - 41) 39 (27 - 53) 56 (30 - 95)
Michigan 148 (122 - 176) 37 (30 - 46) 60 (48 - 74) 50 (31 - 76)
Minnesota 71 (51 - 95) 20 (14 - 27) 20 (14 - 29) 31 (16 - 53)
Mississippi 45 (34 - 57) 8 (6 - 12) 19 (14 - 26) 17 (9 - 28)
Missouri 77 (57 - 101) 18 (13 - 25) 29 (20 - 40) 30 (16 - 52)
Montana 16 (12 - 20) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 9)
Nebraska 24 (18 - 30) 6 (4 - 9) 9 (6 - 13) 8 (4 - 14)
Nevada 35 (26 - 45) 8 (6 - 11) 11 (8 - 16) 15 (9 - 25)
New Hampshire 22 (18 - 28) 7 (5 - 10) 8 (6 - 11) 7 (4 - 12)
New Jersey 119 (90 - 155) 27 (19 - 36) 45 (32 - 62) 47 (25 - 81)
New Mexico 32 (24 - 41) 9 (7 - 13) 11 (8 - 15) 11 (6 - 19)
New York 307 (251 - 371) 57 (44 - 72) 126 (102 - 154) 124 (79 - 185)
North Carolina 114 (85 - 151) 23 (16 - 31) 45 (32 - 60) 47 (25 - 82)
North Dakota 9 (7 - 11) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (1 - 5)
Ohio 173 (142 - 209) 40 (32 - 50) 66 (53 - 80) 68 (43 - 101)
Oklahoma 62 (46 - 83) 13 (9 - 19) 20 (15 - 27) 29 (16 - 48)
Oregon 68 (51 - 88) 17 (12 - 22) 23 (16 - 30) 29 (16 - 48)
Pennsylvania 181 (149 - 218) 38 (30 - 47) 75 (60 - 92) 68 (43 - 102)
Rhode Island 16 (12 - 20) 4 (3 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (3 - 11)
South Carolina 55 (41 - 73) 14 (10 - 19) 20 (14 - 28) 21 (11 - 37)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 14) 3 (2 - 5) 4 (3 - 6) 3 (2 - 6)
Tennessee 89 (68 - 114) 23 (16 - 32) 33 (23 - 44) 33 (18 - 56)
Texas 324 (266 - 391) 95 (77 - 116) 117 (93 - 145) 112 (66 - 177)
Utah 41 (31 - 51) 11 (7 - 15) 18 (12 - 25) 12 (7 - 21)
Vermont 11 (8 - 14) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 7)
Virginia 99 (73 - 130) 21 (14 - 29) 35 (25 - 48) 43 (23 - 72)
Washington 109 (76 - 150) 26 (19 - 34) 27 (18 - 38) 56 (29 - 97)
West Virginia 28 (21 - 37) 6 (4 - 9) 9 (7 - 13) 13 (7 - 21)
Wisconsin 85 (64 - 108) 25 (18 - 33) 31 (22 - 43) 29 (16 - 49)
Wyoming 8 (6 - 11) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 2 (1 - 4)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.30 Percentages Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.01       4.54       5.53       1.08      
Alabama 1.86 (1.41 - 2.40) 3.77 (2.67 - 5.16) 5.90 (4.28 - 7.91) 0.92 (0.50 - 1.55)
Alaska 2.59 (1.95 - 3.38) 4.25 (2.93 - 5.96) 7.23 (4.98 - 10.09) 1.38 (0.74 - 2.33)
Arizona 2.87 (2.00 - 3.98) 5.98 (4.21 - 8.21) 5.87 (4.09 - 8.13) 1.88 (0.97 - 3.29)
Arkansas 1.98 (1.49 - 2.58) 4.84 (3.43 - 6.61) 5.32 (3.87 - 7.11) 1.04 (0.56 - 1.76)
California 2.41 (1.98 - 2.91) 5.12 (4.30 - 6.04) 5.05 (4.08 - 6.18) 1.54 (1.04 - 2.19)
Colorado 2.42 (1.78 - 3.21) 5.33 (3.78 - 7.27) 6.10 (4.32 - 8.33) 1.38 (0.75 - 2.32)
Connecticut 2.12 (1.57 - 2.80) 5.89 (4.25 - 7.92) 6.57 (4.58 - 9.07) 1.04 (0.55 - 1.80)
Delaware 2.28 (1.62 - 3.10) 4.33 (3.02 - 6.00) 6.04 (4.29 - 8.24) 1.41 (0.74 - 2.41)
District of Columbia 2.46 (1.76 - 3.33) 4.00 (2.69 - 5.71) 5.73 (4.03 - 7.87) 1.65 (0.88 - 2.82)
Florida 1.78 (1.45 - 2.16) 4.30 (3.40 - 5.36) 5.96 (4.83 - 7.26) 0.92 (0.59 - 1.38)
Georgia 1.96 (1.44 - 2.61) 4.08 (2.94 - 5.48) 4.84 (3.41 - 6.65) 1.16 (0.61 - 1.99)
Hawaii 1.87 (1.31 - 2.60) 4.61 (3.05 - 6.66) 5.69 (3.70 - 8.33) 0.96 (0.43 - 1.85)
Idaho 1.90 (1.48 - 2.41) 4.83 (3.42 - 6.61) 5.02 (3.58 - 6.82) 0.78 (0.42 - 1.34)
Illinois 1.81 (1.49 - 2.16) 3.77 (3.02 - 4.65) 5.30 (4.25 - 6.52) 0.93 (0.61 - 1.36)
Indiana 1.74 (1.36 - 2.20) 3.85 (2.74 - 5.24) 5.76 (4.15 - 7.77) 0.75 (0.42 - 1.25)
Iowa 1.37 (1.04 - 1.78) 3.81 (2.64 - 5.30) 3.79 (2.60 - 5.33) 0.62 (0.32 - 1.07)
Kansas 1.83 (1.36 - 2.41) 3.87 (2.65 - 5.44) 4.90 (3.41 - 6.80) 0.99 (0.53 - 1.68)
Kentucky 2.04 (1.57 - 2.61) 4.26 (3.04 - 5.79) 6.10 (4.41 - 8.19) 1.05 (0.61 - 1.70)
Louisiana 2.16 (1.65 - 2.76) 4.27 (3.03 - 5.83) 6.03 (4.33 - 8.13) 1.05 (0.57 - 1.78)
Maine 1.91 (1.46 - 2.45) 5.12 (3.65 - 6.96) 5.88 (4.23 - 7.93) 0.92 (0.49 - 1.58)
Maryland 2.14 (1.59 - 2.83) 4.80 (3.41 - 6.54) 6.24 (4.51 - 8.36) 1.19 (0.62 - 2.06)
Massachusetts 2.43 (1.77 - 3.26) 6.00 (4.35 - 8.04) 6.33 (4.48 - 8.65) 1.41 (0.76 - 2.38)
Michigan 1.86 (1.55 - 2.22) 4.46 (3.59 - 5.47) 5.83 (4.66 - 7.18) 0.83 (0.52 - 1.26)
Minnesota 1.79 (1.30 - 2.41) 4.61 (3.25 - 6.34) 3.78 (2.55 - 5.37) 1.04 (0.55 - 1.79)
Mississippi 1.95 (1.48 - 2.52) 3.26 (2.24 - 4.59) 6.02 (4.34 - 8.09) 0.98 (0.54 - 1.65)
Missouri 1.70 (1.26 - 2.23) 3.83 (2.65 - 5.33) 4.84 (3.41 - 6.65) 0.87 (0.46 - 1.50)
Montana 2.02 (1.55 - 2.58) 6.14 (4.37 - 8.36) 5.15 (3.71 - 6.94) 0.90 (0.48 - 1.56)
Nebraska 1.70 (1.29 - 2.20) 4.22 (2.88 - 5.94) 4.86 (3.38 - 6.74) 0.76 (0.40 - 1.32)
Nevada 2.25 (1.69 - 2.92) 5.45 (3.81 - 7.53) 6.18 (4.32 - 8.54) 1.26 (0.72 - 2.05)
New Hampshire 2.21 (1.74 - 2.76) 6.98 (5.02 - 9.41) 6.48 (4.65 - 8.75) 0.91 (0.51 - 1.50)
New Jersey 1.78 (1.35 - 2.31) 4.22 (3.04 - 5.69) 5.81 (4.15 - 7.88) 0.89 (0.48 - 1.53)
New Mexico 2.12 (1.62 - 2.72) 5.33 (3.81 - 7.23) 5.24 (3.65 - 7.26) 1.02 (0.55 - 1.72)
New York 2.07 (1.70 - 2.51) 3.87 (3.00 - 4.91) 6.89 (5.57 - 8.42) 1.08 (0.69 - 1.61)
North Carolina 1.80 (1.33 - 2.38) 3.50 (2.47 - 4.79) 5.73 (4.13 - 7.73) 0.95 (0.50 - 1.67)
North Dakota 1.65 (1.28 - 2.09) 4.77 (3.31 - 6.64) 4.12 (2.87 - 5.72) 0.69 (0.36 - 1.21)
Ohio 1.87 (1.53 - 2.25) 4.21 (3.31 - 5.27) 5.41 (4.38 - 6.60) 0.95 (0.61 - 1.42)
Oklahoma 2.27 (1.67 - 3.02) 4.34 (2.97 - 6.12) 5.52 (4.00 - 7.40) 1.39 (0.76 - 2.34)
Oregon 2.38 (1.79 - 3.10) 6.08 (4.42 - 8.13) 6.36 (4.59 - 8.54) 1.30 (0.72 - 2.18)
Pennsylvania 1.79 (1.47 - 2.15) 3.86 (3.07 - 4.79) 6.30 (5.06 - 7.73) 0.86 (0.55 - 1.28)
Rhode Island 1.93 (1.46 - 2.49) 4.86 (3.44 - 6.65) 5.75 (4.12 - 7.78) 0.99 (0.54 - 1.67)
South Carolina 1.76 (1.30 - 2.32) 4.26 (2.95 - 5.93) 5.16 (3.54 - 7.24) 0.88 (0.46 - 1.53)
South Dakota 1.71 (1.29 - 2.21) 4.49 (3.10 - 6.28) 4.53 (3.07 - 6.43) 0.73 (0.37 - 1.30)
Tennessee 1.90 (1.46 - 2.44) 4.99 (3.53 - 6.84) 5.45 (3.88 - 7.41) 0.92 (0.50 - 1.56)
Texas 2.02 (1.66 - 2.43) 5.09 (4.12 - 6.20) 4.94 (3.92 - 6.14) 0.94 (0.56 - 1.50)
Utah 2.35 (1.81 - 2.99) 4.30 (2.99 - 5.98) 5.41 (3.73 - 7.55) 1.08 (0.59 - 1.80)
Vermont 2.10 (1.58 - 2.72) 4.98 (3.53 - 6.80) 6.59 (4.82 - 8.76) 0.98 (0.52 - 1.67)
Virginia 1.75 (1.30 - 2.30) 3.67 (2.56 - 5.08) 5.08 (3.55 - 7.01) 0.98 (0.53 - 1.65)
Washington 2.28 (1.60 - 3.14) 5.27 (3.82 - 7.07) 4.45 (3.00 - 6.35) 1.53 (0.80 - 2.64)
West Virginia 1.83 (1.35 - 2.41) 4.42 (3.12 - 6.05) 4.83 (3.38 - 6.67) 1.05 (0.59 - 1.74)
Wisconsin 1.92 (1.46 - 2.47) 5.19 (3.77 - 6.94) 5.31 (3.79 - 7.21) 0.88 (0.47 - 1.49)
Wyoming 1.96 (1.50 - 2.51) 4.37 (2.97 - 6.18) 6.21 (4.34 - 8.58) 0.76 (0.40 - 1.34)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.31 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2,869       564       1,015       1,289      
Alabama 47 (30 - 69) 7 (4 - 11) 19 (13 - 27) 21 (9 - 42)
Alaska 6 (4 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (1 - 5)
Arizona 67 (40 - 104) 12 (7 - 18) 18 (12 - 28) 37 (16 - 73)
Arkansas 26 (16 - 38) 5 (3 - 7) 8 (5 - 12) 13 (6 - 25)
California 410 (298 - 548) 87 (68 - 109) 111 (84 - 145) 211 (117 - 351)
Colorado 54 (36 - 78) 10 (6 - 16) 20 (13 - 29) 24 (11 - 44)
Connecticut 40 (26 - 59) 8 (5 - 12) 14 (9 - 20) 18 (9 - 35)
Delaware 10 (6 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 5) 5 (2 - 10)
District of Columbia 6 (4 - 9) 1 (0 - 1) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (1 - 6)
Florida 148 (109 - 197) 24 (17 - 32) 51 (39 - 64) 74 (41 - 122)
Georgia 77 (48 - 116) 14 (9 - 21) 26 (16 - 39) 37 (16 - 74)
Hawaii 11 (6 - 18) 2 (1 - 4) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (2 - 13)
Idaho 14 (10 - 19) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 9) 5 (2 - 9)
Illinois 115 (88 - 147) 23 (17 - 30) 44 (34 - 57) 48 (27 - 77)
Indiana 58 (39 - 84) 10 (6 - 16) 27 (18 - 39) 21 (8 - 44)
Iowa 23 (15 - 35) 5 (3 - 8) 9 (6 - 14) 9 (3 - 19)
Kansas 25 (16 - 36) 5 (3 - 8) 9 (6 - 14) 10 (4 - 21)
Kentucky 41 (28 - 58) 7 (5 - 11) 16 (11 - 23) 18 (9 - 33)
Louisiana 53 (35 - 76) 10 (6 - 16) 20 (13 - 29) 22 (10 - 44)
Maine 12 (8 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (3 - 7) 5 (2 - 9)
Maryland 60 (39 - 90) 12 (8 - 18) 19 (13 - 27) 30 (13 - 59)
Massachusetts 90 (57 - 134) 16 (10 - 24) 28 (18 - 40) 46 (21 - 88)
Michigan 87 (67 - 112) 20 (15 - 26) 37 (28 - 47) 31 (16 - 54)
Minnesota 46 (30 - 65) 10 (6 - 16) 16 (11 - 24) 19 (9 - 36)
Mississippi 30 (19 - 44) 5 (3 - 7) 12 (8 - 18) 13 (6 - 27)
Missouri 50 (33 - 73) 11 (7 - 17) 18 (12 - 27) 21 (9 - 42)
Montana 8 (6 - 12) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 3 (1 - 7)
Nebraska 16 (11 - 23) 3 (2 - 5) 7 (4 - 9) 6 (3 - 12)
Nevada 21 (13 - 31) 4 (2 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 10 (5 - 20)
New Hampshire 13 (9 - 17) 3 (2 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 4 (2 - 8)
New Jersey 73 (48 - 107) 13 (8 - 19) 29 (19 - 43) 31 (13 - 62)
New Mexico 19 (12 - 28) 5 (3 - 7) 5 (3 - 8) 9 (4 - 17)
New York 195 (149 - 251) 30 (22 - 41) 77 (59 - 99) 88 (52 - 139)
North Carolina 67 (41 - 102) 11 (7 - 18) 23 (15 - 35) 32 (13 - 67)
North Dakota 5 (3 - 8) 1 (1 - 2) 2 (1 - 3) 2 (1 - 4)
Ohio 102 (77 - 132) 21 (16 - 28) 42 (32 - 54) 38 (20 - 66)
Oklahoma 33 (22 - 47) 7 (4 - 10) 12 (8 - 17) 14 (7 - 28)
Oregon 38 (25 - 54) 7 (4 - 10) 15 (10 - 21) 17 (8 - 31)
Pennsylvania 128 (99 - 164) 23 (17 - 30) 47 (37 - 60) 58 (35 - 90)
Rhode Island 10 (7 - 14) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (2 - 8)
South Carolina 36 (23 - 54) 7 (4 - 11) 11 (7 - 17) 18 (7 - 35)
South Dakota 7 (5 - 10) 2 (1 - 3) 3 (2 - 4) 2 (1 - 5)
Tennessee 61 (41 - 88) 13 (9 - 20) 22 (14 - 32) 26 (12 - 50)
Texas 187 (141 - 243) 43 (32 - 57) 75 (57 - 97) 70 (36 - 123)
Utah 24 (17 - 33) 6 (4 - 9) 11 (7 - 16) 7 (3 - 13)
Vermont 8 (5 - 12) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 5) 3 (1 - 6)
Virginia 67 (43 - 98) 12 (8 - 18) 24 (16 - 35) 31 (14 - 61)
Washington 68 (41 - 106) 15 (9 - 22) 18 (11 - 28) 35 (14 - 72)
West Virginia 18 (11 - 26) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 9) 9 (4 - 16)
Wisconsin 55 (37 - 77) 14 (9 - 20) 18 (12 - 27) 23 (11 - 43)
Wyoming 5 (3 - 7) 1 (1 - 2) 2 (1 - 3) 2 (1 - 3)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.32 Percentages Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.28       2.41       3.50       0.75      
Alabama 1.28 (0.83 - 1.88) 1.90 (1.13 - 3.01) 3.98 (2.69 - 5.66) 0.74 (0.31 - 1.51)
Alaska 1.31 (0.86 - 1.89) 2.26 (1.38 - 3.47) 3.22 (2.07 - 4.77) 0.76 (0.34 - 1.47)
Arizona 1.73 (1.03 - 2.70) 2.70 (1.68 - 4.10) 3.58 (2.28 - 5.33) 1.25 (0.53 - 2.49)
Arkansas 1.18 (0.74 - 1.77) 2.01 (1.25 - 3.07) 2.95 (1.91 - 4.35) 0.77 (0.34 - 1.51)
California 1.59 (1.16 - 2.13) 3.05 (2.40 - 3.82) 3.17 (2.39 - 4.12) 1.09 (0.61 - 1.81)
Colorado 1.58 (1.06 - 2.27) 2.86 (1.74 - 4.42) 4.40 (2.90 - 6.38) 0.92 (0.44 - 1.70)
Connecticut 1.48 (0.96 - 2.18) 3.14 (2.00 - 4.68) 4.41 (2.86 - 6.47) 0.87 (0.40 - 1.62)
Delaware 1.57 (1.01 - 2.32) 2.37 (1.48 - 3.59) 4.07 (2.68 - 5.91) 1.06 (0.51 - 1.97)
District of Columbia 1.45 (0.93 - 2.16) 1.86 (1.10 - 2.94) 3.68 (2.42 - 5.35) 0.99 (0.44 - 1.92)
Florida 1.17 (0.86 - 1.55) 2.01 (1.45 - 2.72) 3.69 (2.85 - 4.70) 0.73 (0.41 - 1.20)
Georgia 1.20 (0.75 - 1.82) 2.05 (1.30 - 3.07) 3.00 (1.89 - 4.52) 0.76 (0.32 - 1.54)
Hawaii 1.16 (0.66 - 1.89) 2.47 (1.39 - 4.03) 2.64 (1.54 - 4.23) 0.77 (0.29 - 1.69)
Idaho 1.28 (0.89 - 1.79) 2.30 (1.43 - 3.50) 3.80 (2.54 - 5.45) 0.60 (0.27 - 1.15)
Illinois 1.17 (0.90 - 1.50) 2.27 (1.69 - 2.99) 3.39 (2.57 - 4.39) 0.64 (0.37 - 1.03)
Indiana 1.17 (0.78 - 1.69) 1.97 (1.19 - 3.08) 4.09 (2.73 - 5.87) 0.55 (0.22 - 1.18)
Iowa 0.97 (0.63 - 1.44) 2.14 (1.28 - 3.35) 2.89 (1.83 - 4.33) 0.48 (0.18 - 1.05)
Kansas 1.14 (0.74 - 1.67) 2.09 (1.23 - 3.32) 3.17 (2.06 - 4.66) 0.64 (0.27 - 1.28)
Kentucky 1.26 (0.86 - 1.77) 2.21 (1.38 - 3.35) 3.73 (2.51 - 5.33) 0.71 (0.35 - 1.30)
Louisiana 1.48 (0.99 - 2.13) 2.50 (1.56 - 3.79) 3.83 (2.55 - 5.52) 0.85 (0.38 - 1.67)
Maine 1.15 (0.80 - 1.59) 2.77 (1.81 - 4.05) 3.70 (2.40 - 5.45) 0.57 (0.27 - 1.05)
Maryland 1.41 (0.90 - 2.10) 2.85 (1.79 - 4.29) 3.71 (2.46 - 5.35) 0.88 (0.38 - 1.75)
Massachusetts 1.75 (1.10 - 2.62) 3.20 (2.03 - 4.79) 4.53 (2.97 - 6.61) 1.15 (0.52 - 2.21)
Michigan 1.10 (0.85 - 1.42) 2.42 (1.81 - 3.18) 3.54 (2.71 - 4.55) 0.51 (0.27 - 0.89)
Minnesota 1.15 (0.77 - 1.65) 2.40 (1.49 - 3.66) 3.05 (1.97 - 4.51) 0.63 (0.29 - 1.21)
Mississippi 1.32 (0.85 - 1.94) 1.80 (1.06 - 2.88) 3.75 (2.46 - 5.46) 0.78 (0.33 - 1.59)
Missouri 1.11 (0.72 - 1.62) 2.31 (1.44 - 3.52) 3.02 (1.96 - 4.46) 0.62 (0.27 - 1.21)
Montana 1.09 (0.74 - 1.56) 2.42 (1.52 - 3.64) 3.12 (2.05 - 4.53) 0.56 (0.25 - 1.12)
Nebraska 1.17 (0.79 - 1.67) 2.21 (1.38 - 3.37) 3.44 (2.28 - 4.99) 0.61 (0.27 - 1.19)
Nevada 1.34 (0.85 - 2.01) 2.78 (1.69 - 4.30) 3.48 (2.23 - 5.17) 0.85 (0.38 - 1.63)
New Hampshire 1.25 (0.87 - 1.74) 3.00 (1.85 - 4.60) 4.17 (2.70 - 6.12) 0.56 (0.26 - 1.07)
New Jersey 1.09 (0.71 - 1.59) 2.06 (1.33 - 3.04) 3.71 (2.42 - 5.43) 0.59 (0.25 - 1.17)
New Mexico 1.25 (0.81 - 1.85) 2.82 (1.78 - 4.23) 2.48 (1.57 - 3.72) 0.77 (0.33 - 1.54)
New York 1.32 (1.01 - 1.70) 2.05 (1.48 - 2.77) 4.23 (3.25 - 5.40) 0.76 (0.46 - 1.21)
North Carolina 1.05 (0.65 - 1.60) 1.76 (1.06 - 2.74) 3.00 (1.94 - 4.44) 0.64 (0.26 - 1.36)
North Dakota 0.98 (0.64 - 1.44) 2.16 (1.29 - 3.40) 2.66 (1.67 - 4.03) 0.47 (0.18 - 1.03)
Ohio 1.10 (0.83 - 1.42) 2.25 (1.67 - 2.98) 3.49 (2.68 - 4.46) 0.54 (0.28 - 0.93)
Oklahoma 1.20 (0.80 - 1.72) 2.17 (1.34 - 3.33) 3.19 (2.13 - 4.59) 0.70 (0.32 - 1.33)
Oregon 1.33 (0.89 - 1.90) 2.35 (1.46 - 3.60) 4.13 (2.72 - 5.98) 0.76 (0.37 - 1.40)
Pennsylvania 1.27 (0.97 - 1.62) 2.32 (1.73 - 3.04) 4.00 (3.08 - 5.09) 0.73 (0.45 - 1.13)
Rhode Island 1.23 (0.82 - 1.75) 2.22 (1.32 - 3.50) 4.42 (2.95 - 6.35) 0.63 (0.28 - 1.24)
South Carolina 1.15 (0.73 - 1.73) 2.21 (1.35 - 3.40) 2.94 (1.87 - 4.38) 0.73 (0.31 - 1.47)
South Dakota 1.10 (0.73 - 1.58) 2.35 (1.44 - 3.62) 3.05 (1.99 - 4.48) 0.53 (0.22 - 1.09)
Tennessee 1.31 (0.88 - 1.88) 2.91 (1.85 - 4.33) 3.67 (2.42 - 5.32) 0.72 (0.33 - 1.38)
Texas 1.17 (0.88 - 1.52) 2.29 (1.70 - 3.02) 3.16 (2.39 - 4.09) 0.59 (0.30 - 1.04)
Utah 1.39 (0.98 - 1.90) 2.44 (1.52 - 3.70) 3.33 (2.21 - 4.80) 0.62 (0.29 - 1.18)
Vermont 1.57 (1.05 - 2.26) 2.80 (1.80 - 4.16) 5.15 (3.40 - 7.44) 0.83 (0.37 - 1.59)
Virginia 1.18 (0.77 - 1.73) 2.10 (1.34 - 3.13) 3.47 (2.29 - 5.02) 0.70 (0.31 - 1.38)
Washington 1.42 (0.86 - 2.21) 3.04 (1.93 - 4.54) 2.95 (1.80 - 4.55) 0.95 (0.39 - 1.94)
West Virginia 1.15 (0.74 - 1.70) 2.44 (1.52 - 3.71) 2.96 (1.89 - 4.42) 0.71 (0.33 - 1.34)
Wisconsin 1.24 (0.85 - 1.75) 2.85 (1.85 - 4.19) 3.10 (2.03 - 4.53) 0.69 (0.33 - 1.29)
Wyoming 1.13 (0.77 - 1.61) 2.10 (1.27 - 3.26) 3.50 (2.29 - 5.12) 0.52 (0.23 - 1.04)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.33 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Dependence or Abuse for Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 14,701       1,806       4,479       8,416      
Alabama 231 (185 - 284) 32 (24 - 41) 69 (54 - 85) 131 (93 - 180)
Alaska 39 (31 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 16) 21 (15 - 29)
Arizona 287 (230 - 354) 35 (26 - 46) 76 (59 - 95) 176 (125 - 239)
Arkansas 130 (105 - 157) 20 (15 - 26) 40 (32 - 50) 69 (49 - 95)
California 1,895 (1,661 - 2,151) 221 (192 - 253) 509 (446 - 577) 1,166 (949 - 1,414)
Colorado 253 (207 - 305) 34 (25 - 43) 85 (69 - 104) 134 (97 - 180)
Connecticut 217 (175 - 264) 26 (19 - 34) 71 (57 - 87) 119 (85 - 163)
Delaware 44 (35 - 53) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 26 (19 - 35)
District of Columbia 30 (24 - 37) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 12) 17 (13 - 24)
Florida 818 (703 - 946) 81 (67 - 98) 213 (187 - 242) 524 (417 - 648)
Georgia 394 (309 - 492) 46 (35 - 59) 115 (89 - 144) 233 (162 - 324)
Hawaii 63 (50 - 79) 9 (6 - 12) 21 (16 - 26) 34 (23 - 48)
Idaho 71 (58 - 84) 10 (8 - 14) 26 (21 - 32) 34 (25 - 46)
Illinois 665 (582 - 754) 70 (58 - 83) 216 (189 - 245) 379 (307 - 462)
Indiana 304 (251 - 365) 41 (31 - 53) 106 (86 - 129) 157 (114 - 211)
Iowa 144 (119 - 173) 19 (14 - 25) 54 (43 - 66) 72 (52 - 96)
Kansas 145 (115 - 179) 17 (12 - 24) 43 (33 - 54) 85 (60 - 116)
Kentucky 207 (171 - 247) 28 (21 - 36) 69 (56 - 84) 110 (81 - 145)
Louisiana 267 (217 - 324) 32 (24 - 42) 81 (64 - 100) 153 (111 - 205)
Maine 64 (52 - 77) 11 (8 - 14) 21 (17 - 27) 32 (22 - 43)
Maryland 278 (222 - 342) 36 (27 - 46) 85 (68 - 104) 156 (109 - 216)
Massachusetts 424 (339 - 520) 49 (37 - 64) 131 (106 - 159) 244 (173 - 333)
Michigan 526 (465 - 592) 67 (56 - 78) 175 (154 - 198) 284 (231 - 345)
Minnesota 253 (206 - 305) 33 (24 - 43) 87 (69 - 107) 133 (96 - 179)
Mississippi 157 (124 - 196) 18 (13 - 24) 45 (35 - 56) 95 (66 - 131)
Missouri 286 (233 - 345) 39 (29 - 51) 95 (76 - 117) 152 (109 - 205)
Montana 59 (49 - 71) 9 (7 - 12) 20 (17 - 24) 30 (22 - 41)
Nebraska 104 (85 - 124) 13 (10 - 17) 36 (29 - 43) 55 (40 - 74)
Nevada 106 (86 - 128) 13 (10 - 18) 31 (25 - 39) 61 (45 - 81)
New Hampshire 71 (58 - 86) 10 (8 - 13) 22 (17 - 27) 39 (29 - 52)
New Jersey 380 (298 - 475) 41 (31 - 53) 101 (78 - 130) 237 (167 - 326)
New Mexico 118 (96 - 143) 18 (14 - 24) 39 (31 - 49) 60 (43 - 82)
New York 895 (773 - 1,030) 94 (77 - 114) 289 (253 - 328) 511 (403 - 639)
North Carolina 327 (252 - 418) 38 (27 - 52) 101 (79 - 127) 188 (124 - 272)
North Dakota 45 (37 - 53) 7 (5 - 9) 18 (15 - 22) 20 (13 - 27)
Ohio 549 (480 - 625) 68 (56 - 81) 185 (163 - 209) 296 (236 - 367)
Oklahoma 170 (133 - 214) 20 (14 - 28) 50 (39 - 63) 100 (68 - 142)
Oregon 201 (161 - 244) 24 (18 - 31) 63 (51 - 76) 114 (81 - 155)
Pennsylvania 662 (574 - 758) 67 (55 - 80) 194 (169 - 222) 400 (323 - 490)
Rhode Island 61 (49 - 74) 7 (5 - 9) 19 (15 - 23) 35 (25 - 47)
South Carolina 174 (139 - 214) 23 (17 - 31) 48 (37 - 61) 102 (73 - 139)
South Dakota 48 (40 - 58) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (14 - 21) 25 (18 - 33)
Tennessee 287 (233 - 348) 41 (30 - 54) 85 (67 - 106) 161 (116 - 216)
Texas 1,050 (910 - 1,204) 161 (136 - 188) 320 (278 - 365) 569 (444 - 717)
Utah 107 (84 - 132) 15 (11 - 21) 40 (30 - 51) 52 (35 - 73)
Vermont 37 (31 - 44) 5 (4 - 6) 12 (10 - 14) 20 (15 - 27)
Virginia 316 (252 - 391) 34 (25 - 45) 100 (78 - 125) 182 (129 - 250)
Washington 332 (261 - 416) 46 (35 - 59) 77 (58 - 100) 209 (146 - 290)
West Virginia 80 (66 - 97) 11 (8 - 14) 27 (21 - 34) 42 (30 - 57)
Wisconsin 303 (247 - 363) 44 (34 - 56) 104 (84 - 127) 155 (111 - 211)
Wyoming 29 (24 - 35) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 14) 14 (10 - 18)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

20429
Table A.34 Percentages Reporting Past Year Dependence or Abuse for Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol, by Age Group and State: 2000
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 6.58       7.73       15.45       4.92      
Alabama 6.33 (5.08 - 7.77) 8.49 (6.42 - 10.97) 14.40 (11.39 - 17.86) 4.68 (3.30 - 6.42)
Alaska 7.85 (6.35 - 9.59) 7.89 (5.77 - 10.49) 17.56 (13.84 - 21.81) 5.90 (4.18 - 8.06)
Arizona 7.43 (5.94 - 9.15) 8.14 (6.05 - 10.66) 14.74 (11.48 - 18.50) 6.03 (4.29 - 8.20)
Arkansas 5.98 (4.85 - 7.29) 8.97 (6.76 - 11.62) 14.35 (11.29 - 17.87) 4.19 (2.97 - 5.71)
California 7.36 (6.45 - 8.36) 7.74 (6.72 - 8.87) 14.48 (12.69 - 16.41) 6.02 (4.90 - 7.30)
Colorado 7.42 (6.08 - 8.95) 9.38 (7.10 - 12.10) 18.90 (15.18 - 23.08) 5.15 (3.73 - 6.92)
Connecticut 8.01 (6.46 - 9.78) 10.18 (7.58 - 13.31) 23.09 (18.45 - 28.27) 5.59 (3.97 - 7.63)
Delaware 6.89 (5.60 - 8.38) 7.89 (5.84 - 10.38) 15.59 (12.14 - 19.57) 5.37 (3.91 - 7.17)
District of Columbia 7.11 (5.72 - 8.70) 6.68 (4.67 - 9.22) 16.61 (13.23 - 20.45) 5.44 (3.91 - 7.34)
Florida 6.45 (5.54 - 7.45) 6.92 (5.68 - 8.33) 15.58 (13.65 - 17.67) 5.16 (4.11 - 6.38)
Georgia 6.19 (4.87 - 7.74) 6.78 (5.15 - 8.73) 13.29 (10.35 - 16.71) 4.85 (3.37 - 6.73)
Hawaii 6.51 (5.16 - 8.09) 9.32 (6.71 - 12.54) 17.91 (13.86 - 22.57) 4.45 (3.01 - 6.32)
Idaho 6.51 (5.38 - 7.79) 8.08 (6.11 - 10.45) 15.74 (12.59 - 19.32) 4.35 (3.14 - 5.86)
Illinois 6.80 (5.96 - 7.72) 6.99 (5.82 - 8.32) 16.52 (14.47 - 18.75) 5.08 (4.11 - 6.19)
Indiana 6.15 (5.06 - 7.38) 7.98 (6.03 - 10.31) 15.99 (12.96 - 19.40) 4.17 (3.02 - 5.60)
Iowa 6.04 (4.98 - 7.24) 7.58 (5.64 - 9.93) 16.85 (13.40 - 20.77) 3.93 (2.84 - 5.29)
Kansas 6.71 (5.33 - 8.31) 7.18 (5.07 - 9.82) 14.64 (11.34 - 18.48) 5.22 (3.70 - 7.14)
Kentucky 6.28 (5.19 - 7.51) 8.40 (6.38 - 10.82) 15.95 (12.97 - 19.29) 4.34 (3.19 - 5.76)
Louisiana 7.50 (6.09 - 9.11) 7.76 (5.82 - 10.09) 15.62 (12.38 - 19.33) 5.83 (4.23 - 7.82)
Maine 6.09 (4.98 - 7.36) 10.63 (8.04 - 13.71) 17.55 (13.81 - 21.83) 3.83 (2.71 - 5.25)
Maryland 6.48 (5.19 - 7.98) 8.51 (6.41 - 11.03) 16.70 (13.41 - 20.43) 4.67 (3.26 - 6.45)
Massachusetts 8.26 (6.62 - 10.16) 9.80 (7.39 - 12.66) 21.44 (17.30 - 26.05) 6.09 (4.31 - 8.32)
Michigan 6.64 (5.87 - 7.47) 7.99 (6.72 - 9.41) 16.97 (14.92 - 19.19) 4.69 (3.81 - 5.70)
Minnesota 6.37 (5.20 - 7.70) 7.59 (5.65 - 9.95) 16.13 (12.83 - 19.89) 4.46 (3.21 - 6.01)
Mississippi 6.92 (5.46 - 8.62) 6.89 (5.04 - 9.16) 13.81 (10.83 - 17.24) 5.62 (3.94 - 7.76)
Missouri 6.29 (5.14 - 7.61) 8.17 (6.14 - 10.62) 16.02 (12.81 - 19.66) 4.38 (3.15 - 5.93)
Montana 7.61 (6.26 - 9.15) 10.62 (7.89 - 13.91) 20.15 (16.56 - 24.14) 5.07 (3.64 - 6.86)
Nebraska 7.51 (6.17 - 9.04) 8.55 (6.33 - 11.24) 18.77 (15.07 - 22.94) 5.33 (3.86 - 7.16)
Nevada 6.84 (5.59 - 8.28) 9.11 (6.68 - 12.05) 16.98 (13.35 - 21.13) 5.04 (3.72 - 6.65)
New Hampshire 7.06 (5.79 - 8.51) 9.50 (7.15 - 12.32) 18.14 (14.29 - 22.53) 5.03 (3.67 - 6.70)
New Jersey 5.65 (4.44 - 7.07) 6.52 (4.94 - 8.41) 12.96 (9.91 - 16.55) 4.47 (3.14 - 6.15)
New Mexico 7.92 (6.45 - 9.60) 10.59 (8.01 - 13.67) 18.61 (14.64 - 23.15) 5.46 (3.90 - 7.42)
New York 6.06 (5.23 - 6.97) 6.40 (5.24 - 7.72) 15.85 (13.89 - 17.97) 4.45 (3.51 - 5.57)
North Carolina 5.14 (3.95 - 6.57) 5.87 (4.22 - 7.93) 13.03 (10.17 - 16.37) 3.81 (2.51 - 5.51)
North Dakota 8.29 (6.85 - 9.92) 10.64 (8.04 - 13.74) 23.77 (19.55 - 28.41) 4.94 (3.41 - 6.91)
Ohio 5.91 (5.16 - 6.73) 7.11 (5.89 - 8.50) 15.27 (13.43 - 17.25) 4.16 (3.31 - 5.15)
Oklahoma 6.21 (4.86 - 7.80) 6.56 (4.61 - 9.02) 13.70 (10.77 - 17.09) 4.83 (3.28 - 6.84)
Oregon 7.07 (5.70 - 8.64) 8.59 (6.46 - 11.14) 17.76 (14.38 - 21.57) 5.20 (3.70 - 7.07)
Pennsylvania 6.54 (5.67 - 7.50) 6.78 (5.62 - 8.11) 16.39 (14.28 - 18.69) 5.04 (4.06 - 6.17)
Rhode Island 7.36 (5.94 - 9.01) 8.24 (6.08 - 10.87) 19.85 (15.78 - 24.45) 5.43 (3.87 - 7.38)
South Carolina 5.55 (4.44 - 6.83) 7.20 (5.32 - 9.51) 12.56 (9.68 - 15.93) 4.21 (3.01 - 5.73)
South Dakota 7.79 (6.39 - 9.38) 8.39 (6.23 - 11.01) 19.72 (15.85 - 24.07) 5.44 (3.95 - 7.29)
Tennessee 6.14 (4.99 - 7.47) 8.85 (6.52 - 11.67) 14.18 (11.13 - 17.70) 4.47 (3.23 - 6.02)
Texas 6.54 (5.67 - 7.50) 8.56 (7.25 - 10.02) 13.51 (11.74 - 15.44) 4.82 (3.76 - 6.07)
Utah 6.21 (4.92 - 7.72) 6.18 (4.36 - 8.47) 12.24 (9.25 - 15.79) 4.53 (3.11 - 6.37)
Vermont 7.24 (6.01 - 8.64) 8.92 (6.82 - 11.41) 18.58 (15.15 - 22.43) 5.20 (3.83 - 6.87)
Virginia 5.60 (4.46 - 6.91) 6.05 (4.47 - 8.00) 14.44 (11.24 - 18.15) 4.15 (2.93 - 5.69)
Washington 6.94 (5.45 - 8.69) 9.44 (7.18 - 12.13) 12.68 (9.50 - 16.45) 5.67 (3.95 - 7.85)
West Virginia 5.16 (4.23 - 6.24) 7.80 (5.81 - 10.22) 14.05 (10.97 - 17.61) 3.45 (2.48 - 4.67)
Wisconsin 6.89 (5.65 - 8.31) 9.22 (7.11 - 11.70) 17.66 (14.21 - 21.55) 4.69 (3.36 - 6.36)
Wyoming 6.75 (5.53 - 8.14) 8.24 (6.06 - 10.90) 18.16 (14.42 - 22.40) 4.30 (3.05 - 5.86)

NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.

NOTE: Dependence or Abuse is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).

NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.

1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.

Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000.

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This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.