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2003 National Survey on Drug Use & Health:  Detailed Tables

40715

Table 7.58A Specialty Cigarette (Bidis and Cloves) Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 27,811 27,851 5,444b 4,531 2,617b 1,940
AGE
     12–17 1,746b 1,115 826b 509 380b 228
     18–25 9,451a 8,896 2,658b 2,115 1,185b 927
     26 or Older 16,615 17,840 1,959 1,907 1,052 785
GENDER
     Male 15,375 15,419 3,165b 2,491 1,571b 1,160
     Female 12,436 12,432 2,279 2,040 1,046b 780
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 25,233 25,258 4,761b 3,988 2,185b 1,694
          White 20,684 20,398 3,784b 3,140 1,646b 1,287
          Black or African American 3,087 3,063 715 593 398 294
          American Indian or Alaska Native 207 151 36a 12 18 6
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 101 87 14 14 8 10
          Asian 779 948 128 142 72 48
          Two or More Races 375b 612 84 87 43 50
     Hispanic or Latino 2,578 2,593 682 543 432a 246
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Specialty Cigarettes include bidi cigarettes and clove cigarettes. Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread. Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.58B Specialty Cigarette (Bidis and Cloves) Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 11.8 11.7 2.3b 1.9 1.1b 0.8
AGE
     12–17 7.1b 4.5 3.3b 2.0 1.5b 0.9
     18–25 30.5b 28.0 8.6b 6.7 3.8b 2.9
     26 or Older 9.3 9.9 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.4
GENDER
     Male 13.5 13.4 2.8b 2.2 1.4b 1.0
     Female 10.2 10.1 1.9 1.7 0.9b 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2 12.2 2.3b 1.9 1.1b 0.8
          White 12.5 12.3 2.3b 1.9 1.0b 0.8
          Black or African American 11.5 11.2 2.7 2.2 1.5 1.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 14.0 12.0 2.4a 1.0 1.2 0.5
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12.4 17.7 1.7 2.8 0.9 2.0
          Asian 8.6 9.7 1.4 1.5 0.8 0.5
          Two or More Races 14.9b 23.8 3.4 3.4 1.7 1.9
     Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.7 2.3 1.8 1.5b 0.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Specialty Cigarettes include bidi cigarettes and clove cigarettes. Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread. Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.59A Bidi Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 12,154 11,463 2,166b 1,394 1,087b 579
AGE
     12–17 1,068b 536 402b 181 191b 71
     18–25 5,358b 4,837 967b 671 378b 271
     26 or Older 5,728 6,091 796 542 518a 237
GENDER
     Male 7,437 7,420 1,373b 941 712a 448
     Female 4,717a 4,043 793b 453 374b 131
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10,704 9,975 1,861b 1,169 902b 470
          White 7,313b 6,382 1,176b 679 557b 256
          Black or African American 2,593 2,643 597 386 315 189
          American Indian or Alaska Native 88 59 17 8 4 3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 60 36 6 * 2 *
          Asian 487 618 43 68 13 7
          Two or More Races 162 237 21 22 11 9
     Hispanic or Latino 1,449 1,488 304 225 185 109
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.59B Bidi Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 5.2 4.8 0.9b 0.6 0.5b 0.2
AGE
     12–17 4.3b 2.1 1.6b 0.7 0.8b 0.3
     18–25 17.3b 15.2 3.1b 2.1 1.2b 0.9
     26 or Older 3.2 3.4 0.4 0.3 0.3a 0.1
GENDER
     Male 6.5 6.5 1.2b 0.8 0.6a 0.4
     Female 3.9b 3.3 0.7b 0.4 0.3b 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.2 4.8 0.9b 0.6 0.4b 0.2
          White 4.4b 3.8 0.7b 0.4 0.3b 0.2
          Black or African American 9.7 9.6 2.2 1.4 1.2 0.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.0 4.7 1.2 0.6 0.3 0.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.4 7.4 0.8 * 0.3 *
          Asian 5.4 6.3 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.1
          Two or More Races 6.5 9.2 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.3
     Hispanic or Latino 5.0 5.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.60A Clove Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 21,414 22,162 3,910 3,602 1,704 1,460
AGE
     12–17 1,027b 739 533b 385 231 181
     18–25 7,054 6,772 2,022b 1,686 871a 717
     26 or Older 13,333a 14,651 1,354 1,531 601 562
GENDER
     Male 11,436 11,705 2,159 1,868 952 786
     Female 9,978 10,457 1,751 1,734 752 675
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 19,685 20,354 3,460 3,244 1,432 1,301
          White 17,772 18,048 3,053 2,759 1,210 1,092
          Black or African American 964 1,045 205 314 104 120
          American Indian or Alaska Native 139 126 20a 5 14 3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 59 69 10 14 7 *
          Asian 456 553 101 82 59 40
          Two or More Races 295b 513 70 69 37 41
     Hispanic or Latino 1,730 1,808 450 359 272 159
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.60B Clove Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic TIME PERIOD
Lifetime Past Year Past Month
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 9.1 9.3 1.7 1.5 0.7 0.6
AGE
     12–17 4.1b 3.0 2.2b 1.5 0.9 0.7
     18–25 22.7a 21.3 6.5b 5.3 2.8a 2.3
     26 or Older 7.4 8.1 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3
GENDER
     Male 10.1 10.2 1.9 1.6 0.8 0.7
     Female 8.2 8.5 1.4 1.4 0.6 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9.6 9.8 1.7 1.6 0.7 0.6
          White 10.7 10.9 1.8 1.7 0.7 0.7
          Black or African American 3.6 3.8 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.4
          American Indian or Alaska Native 9.4 10.0 1.4a 0.4 0.9 0.2
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.3 14.0 1.2 2.8 0.9 *
          Asian 5.0 5.7 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.4
          Two or More Races 11.7b 19.9 2.8 2.7 1.5 1.6
     Hispanic or Latino 5.9 6.1 1.5 1.2 0.9a 0.5
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.61A Specialty Cigarette (Bidis and Cloves) Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and Past Month Cigarette Smoking Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Smoking Status/Specialty Cigarette Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE SMOKERS
     Any Specialty 2,057b 1,557 261b 171 978b 763 817 623
          Bidis 728b 417 102b 44 269 209 357 164
          Cloves 1,458 1,213 192a 140 761a 609 505 463
NOT PAST MONTH CIGARETTE SMOKERS
     Any Specialty 560 383 119b 57 207 163 235 162
          Bidis 359a 162 89b 27 109a 62 161 73
          Cloves 246 248 39 41 110 108 96 98
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Specialty Cigarettes include bidi cigarettes and clove cigarettes. Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread. Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.61B Specialty Cigarette (Bidis and Cloves) Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and Past Month Cigarette Smoking Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Smoking Status/Specialty Cigarette Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE SMOKERS
     Any Specialty 3.4b 2.6 8.1b 5.6 7.7b 6.0 1.8 1.4
          Bidis 1.2b 0.7 3.2b 1.4 2.1 1.6 0.8 0.4
          Cloves 2.4 2.0 6.0 4.6 6.0b 4.8 1.1 1.0
NOT PAST MONTH CIGARETTE SMOKERS
     Any Specialty 0.3 0.2 0.6b 0.3 1.1 0.9 0.2 0.1
          Bidis 0.2a 0.1 0.4b 0.1 0.6a 0.3 0.1 0.1
          Cloves 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Specialty Cigarettes include bidi cigarettes and clove cigarettes. Bidi cigarettes are small, brown cigarettes from India consisting of tobacco wrapped in a leaf and tied with a thread. Clove cigarettes contain both tobacco and clove flavoring.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.62A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 6,300 105 6,152
     Marijuana and Hashish 4,575 86 4,452
     Cocaine 601 8 587
          Crack 116 1 115
     Heroin 34 1 32
     Hallucinogens 354 6 344
          LSD 35 0 35
          PCP 15 2 14
          Ecstasy 223 4 217
     Inhalants 131 1 130
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 2,329 30 2,285
          Pain Relievers 1,630 21 1,596
          Tranquilizers 692 5 684
          Stimulants 492 7 483
               Methamphetamine 207 1 205
          Sedatives 124 2 123
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 2,961 35 2,907
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.62B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 10.2 4.3 10.4
     Marijuana and Hashish 7.4 3.5 7.6
     Cocaine 1.0 0.3 1.0
          Crack 0.2 0.0 0.2
     Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1
     Hallucinogens 0.6 0.3 0.6
          LSD 0.1 0.0 0.1
          PCP 0.0 0.1 0.0
          Ecstasy 0.4 0.1 0.4
     Inhalants 0.2 0.0 0.2
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 3.8 1.2 3.9
          Pain Relievers 2.6 0.9 2.7
          Tranquilizers 1.1 0.2 1.2
          Stimulants 0.8 0.3 0.8
               Methamphetamine 0.3 0.0 0.3
          Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.2
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.8 1.4 4.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.63A Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 6,300 105 6,152
AGE
     15–17 994 12 975
     18–25 2,573 71 2,476
     26–44 2,733 22 2,701
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5,632 90 5,502
          White 4,534 62 4,447
          Black or African American 780 24 746
          American Indian or Alaska Native 60 * 59
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 24 * 23
          Asian 131 * 128
          Two or More Races 102 * 99
     Hispanic or Latino 668 15 651
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 54 N/A
     Second N/A 31 N/A
     Third N/A 18 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.63B Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 10.2 4.3 10.4
AGE
     15–17 16.5 12.8 16.5
     18–25 16.4 7.5 16.9
     26–44 6.8 1.6 7.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10.8 4.7 11.0
          White 11.4 4.4 11.6
          Black or African American 9.5 8.0 9.4
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15.4 * 16.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12.6 * 12.8
          Asian 4.3 * 4.4
          Two or More Races 15.4 * 15.9
     Hispanic or Latino 7.2 3.0 7.4
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 7.7 N/A
     Second N/A 3.2 N/A
     Third N/A 2.3 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.64A Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 4,575 86 4,452
AGE
     15–17 724 9 709
     18–25 2,086 60 2,004
     26–44 1,765 17 1,739
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4,171 74 4,061
          White 3,374 52 3,299
          Black or African American 594 18 565
          American Indian or Alaska Native 44 * 43
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10 * 10
          Asian 78 * 74
          Two or More Races 72 * 70
     Hispanic or Latino 404 11 391
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 43 N/A
     Second N/A 25 N/A
     Third N/A 16 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.64B Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 7.4 3.5 7.6
AGE
     15–17 12.0 9.5 12.0
     18–25 13.3 6.3 13.7
     26–44 4.4 1.2 4.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 8.0 3.9 8.1
          White 8.5 3.7 8.6
          Black or African American 7.2 6.2 7.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 11.3 * 12.0
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5.2 * 5.4
          Asian 2.5 * 2.6
          Two or More Races 11.0 * 11.2
     Hispanic or Latino 4.3 2.2 4.5
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 6.1 N/A
     Second N/A 2.5 N/A
     Third N/A 2.1 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.65A Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
ANY TOBACCO2 19,288 459 18,707
     Cigarettes 18,655 438 18,110
     Smokeless Tobacco 184 7 178
     Cigars 1,876 35 1,815
     Pipe Tobacco 160 8 152
ALCOHOL 31,647 238 31,246
     Binge Alcohol Use3 13,849 99 13,676
          Heavy Alcohol Use3 3,166 16 3,140
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.65B Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
ANY TOBACCO2 31.3 18.9 31.7
     Cigarettes 30.2 18.0 30.7
     Smokeless Tobacco 0.3 0.3 0.3
     Cigars 3.0 1.4 3.1
     Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.3 0.3
ALCOHOL 51.3 9.8 53.0
     Binge Alcohol Use3 22.4 4.1 23.2
          Heavy Alcohol Use3 5.1 0.7 5.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.66A Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 18,655 438 18,110
AGE
     15–17 1,257 25 1,223
     18–25 5,739 263 5,433
     26–44 11,659 149 11,454
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16,915 403 16,420
          White 14,035 356 13,604
          Black or African American 1,994 28 1,953
          American Indian or Alaska Native 191 * 187
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 69 * 67
          Asian 372 * 368
          Two or More Races 253 * 241
     Hispanic or Latino 1,740 35 1,690
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 155 N/A
     Second N/A 150 N/A
     Third N/A 130 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.66B Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 30.2 18.0 30.7
AGE
     15–17 20.9 25.9 20.7
     18–25 36.7 27.8 37.2
     26–44 29.1 10.8 29.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 32.3 21.0 32.7
          White 35.2 25.0 35.6
          Black or African American 24.2 9.3 24.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 49.2 * 52.0
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 36.5 * 36.7
          Asian 12.2 * 12.8
          Two or More Races 38.4 * 38.6
     Hispanic or Latino 18.7 6.8 19.3
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 22.0 N/A
     Second N/A 15.5 N/A
     Third N/A 17.3 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.67A Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 31,647 238 31,246
AGE
     15–17 1,717 14 1,694
     18–25 8,722 100 8,577
     26–44 21,208 124 20,975
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 28,113 194 27,783
          White 23,042 154 22,802
          Black or African American 3,384 19 3,336
          American Indian or Alaska Native 194 * 186
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 78 * 77
          Asian 1,063 * 1,036
          Two or More Races 352 * 346
     Hispanic or Latino 3,534 44 3,464
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 138 N/A
     Second N/A 59 N/A
     Third N/A 35 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.67B Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 51.3 9.8 53.0
AGE
     15–17 28.5 14.5 28.7
     18–25 55.7 10.5 58.7
     26–44 53.0 8.9 54.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 53.7 10.1 55.3
          White 57.8 10.8 59.6
          Black or African American 41.0 6.4 42.2
          American Indian or Alaska Native 49.8 * 51.7
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 40.9 * 42.1
          Asian 34.9 * 36.0
          Two or More Races 53.3 * 55.6
     Hispanic or Latino 37.9 8.6 39.6
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 19.6 N/A
     Second N/A 6.1 N/A
     Third N/A 4.7 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.68A Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 13,849 99 13,676
AGE
     15–17 999 7 985
     18–25 4,968 46 4,893
     26–44 7,882 46 7,798
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 12,194 84 12,050
          White 10,065 57 9,975
          Black or African American 1,513 9 1,481
          American Indian or Alaska Native 134 * 126
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
          Asian 274 * 263
          Two or More Races 156 * 154
     Hispanic or Latino 1,655 15 1,626
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 77 N/A
     Second N/A 13 N/A
     Third N/A 5 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.68B Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 22.4 4.1 23.2
AGE
     15–17 16.6 7.0 16.7
     18–25 31.7 4.8 33.5
     26–44 19.7 3.3 20.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 23.3 4.4 24.0
          White 25.3 4.0 26.1
          Black or African American 18.3 3.0 18.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native 34.3 * 35.1
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
          Asian 9.0 * 9.1
          Two or More Races 23.7 * 24.7
     Hispanic or Latino 17.8 2.9 18.6
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 10.9 N/A
     Second N/A 1.4 N/A
     Third N/A 0.7 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.69A Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 3,166 16 3,140
AGE
     15–17 218 0 216
     18–25 1,380 7 1,365
     26–44 1,568 9 1,559
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,945 15 2,924
          White 2,568 11 2,553
          Black or African American 237 1 233
          American Indian or Alaska Native 27 * 25
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12 * 11
          Asian 66 * 66
          Two or More Races 36 * 35
     Hispanic or Latino 221 1 217
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 12 N/A
     Second N/A * N/A
     Third N/A 1 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.69B Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
TOTAL 5.1 0.7 5.3
AGE
     15–17 3.6 0.1 3.7
     18–25 8.8 0.7 9.3
     26–44 3.9 0.6 4.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 5.6 0.8 5.8
          White 6.4 0.8 6.7
          Black or African American 2.9 0.5 2.9
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.8 * 7.0
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 6.2 * 6.1
          Asian 2.2 * 2.3
          Two or More Races 5.4 * 5.6
     Hispanic or Latino 2.4 0.2 2.5
TRIMESTER2
     First N/A 1.6 N/A
     Second N/A * N/A
     Third N/A 0.1 N/A
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.70A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 4,425 4,520 1,590 1,690 2,835 2,830
     Marijuana and Hashish 3,821 3,858 1,388 1,451 2,433 2,407
     Cocaine 417 459 154 166 263 293
          Crack 32 39 8 3 24 37
     Heroin 29 18 1 0 28 17
     Hallucinogens 458 413 177 144 281 269
          LSD 27a 59 11 29 16 31
          PCP 7a 27 2 1 4a 26
          Ecstasy 271b 167 87a 50 184a 116
     Inhalants 117 95 39 47 78 48
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 1,211 1,316 429 456 782 861
          Pain Relievers 923 1,041 312 343 611 698
          Tranquilizers 346 347 110 101 236 246
          Stimulants 288 259 125 104 163 155
               Methamphetamine 100 96 15 4 85 91
          Sedatives 33 31 6 7 26 23
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,756 1,842 615 683 1,142 1,159
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.70B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 21.7 22.1 20.7 21.4 22.4 22.5
     Marijuana and Hashish 18.8 18.9 18.0 18.4 19.2 19.1
     Cocaine 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.3
          Crack 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1
     Hallucinogens 2.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.2 2.1
          LSD 0.1a 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2
          PCP 0.0a 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0a 0.2
          Ecstasy 1.3b 0.8 1.1a 0.6 1.5a 0.9
     Inhalants 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 5.9 6.4 5.6 5.8 6.2 6.8
          Pain Relievers 4.5 5.1 4.1 4.4 4.8 5.5
          Tranquilizers 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.9 2.0
          Stimulants 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.2
               Methamphetamine 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.7
          Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 8.6 9.0 8.0 8.7 9.0 9.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.71A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 2,603 2,702 848 923 1,755 1,779
     Marijuana and Hashish 2,284 2,370 755 810 1,529 1,561
     Cocaine 269 294 106 87 163 207
          Crack 26 31 8 3 18 29
     Heroin 23 8 1 * 21 8
     Hallucinogens 290 289 112 100 178 189
          LSD 9b 49 * 23 9 26
          PCP 3a 23 * 1 3 21
          Ecstasy 172b 88 56a 26 116b 62
     Inhalants 80 69 29 31 51 38
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 647 755 199 242 448 513
          Pain Relievers 511 594 133 187 379 406
          Tranquilizers 192 188 61 56 131 132
          Stimulants 151 166 68 53 82 113
               Methamphetamine 54 74 12a 1 42 72
          Sedatives 21 19 3 1 18 18
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,007 1,111 326 384 681 728
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.71B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male Undergraduates Other Males Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 25.2 26.2 23.4 25.5 26.2 26.5
     Marijuana and Hashish 22.1 22.9 20.8 22.4 22.9 23.2
     Cocaine 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.4 3.1
          Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4
     Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.0 * 0.3 0.1
     Hallucinogens 2.8 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.7 2.8
          LSD 0.1b 0.5 * 0.6 0.1 0.4
          PCP 0.0a 0.2 * 0.0 0.1 0.3
          Ecstasy 1.7b 0.9 1.5a 0.7 1.7b 0.9
     Inhalants 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.6
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 6.3 7.3 5.5 6.7 6.7 7.6
          Pain Relievers 5.0 5.7 3.7 5.2 5.7 6.1
          Tranquilizers 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.5 2.0 2.0
          Stimulants 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.2 1.7
               Methamphetamine 0.5 0.7 0.3a 0.0 0.6 1.1
          Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.3
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 9.8 10.8 9.0 10.6 10.2 10.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.72A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 1,822 1,818 742 767 1,080 1,051
     Marijuana and Hashish 1,537 1,488 633 641 904 847
     Cocaine 148 164 48 79 100 85
          Crack 6 8 * * 6 8
     Heroin 6 10 * 0 6 10
     Hallucinogens 168 124 65 44 103 80
          LSD 17 10 11 5 6 5
          PCP 3 5 2 * 1 5
          Ecstasy 98 79 31 24 67 54
     Inhalants 37 26 10 16 27a 10
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 564 561 230 213 334 348
          Pain Relievers 412 447 179 156 232 291
          Tranquilizers 155 159 49 45 105 114
          Stimulants 137a 93 57 51 80a 42
               Methamphetamine 46a 22 3 3 43a 19
          Sedatives 12 11 4 6 8 5
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 749 731 289 300 460 431
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.72B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 18.1 17.9 18.3 18.0 18.1 17.9
     Marijuana and Hashish 15.3 14.7 15.6 15.0 15.1 14.5
     Cocaine 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.5
          Crack 0.1 0.1 * * 0.1 0.1
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 * 0.0 0.1 0.2
     Hallucinogens 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.0 1.7 1.4
          LSD 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1
          PCP 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 0.1
          Ecstasy 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.6 1.1 0.9
     Inhalants 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.0 5.6 5.9
          Pain Relievers 4.1 4.4 4.4 3.6 3.9a 5.0
          Tranquilizers 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.0 1.8 2.0
          Stimulants 1.4a 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.3a 0.7
               Methamphetamine 0.5a 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.7a 0.3
          Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7.5 7.2 7.1 7.0 7.7 7.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.73A Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4,425 4,520 1,590 1,690 2,835 2,830
AGE
     18 974 1,042 303 279 671 763
     19 913 914 384 430 528 484
     20 910 967 375 415 536 552
     21 877 812 313 314 564 498
     22 751 786 215 252 536 533
GENDER
     Male 2,603 2,702 848 923 1,755 1,779
     Female 1,822 1,818 742 767 1,080 1,051
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,866 3,907 1,501 1,540 2,364 2,367
          White 3,151 3,125 1,287 1,270 1,864 1,855
          Black or African American 509 546 137 167 371 379
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 79 110 50 69 29 41
          Two or More Races 81 75 17 * 64 51
     Hispanic or Latino 560 613 89a 150 470 463
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.73B Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 21.7 22.1 20.7 21.4 22.4 22.5
AGE
     18 22.3 22.6 22.0 18.9 22.5 24.3
     19 22.3 23.5 20.3 22.6 24.1 24.4
     20 22.8 24.0 21.3 23.8 23.9 24.2
     21 21.7 20.7 20.1 20.2 22.6 21.1
     22 19.4 19.6 19.4 20.8 19.4 19.0
GENDER
     Male 25.2 26.2 23.4 25.5 26.2 26.5
     Female 18.1 17.9 18.3 18.0 18.1 17.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 22.9 23.0 21.5 21.8 24.0 23.9
          White 24.6 24.6 23.8 23.5 25.2 25.3
          Black or African American 18.5 18.9 14.8 17.3 20.4 19.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 9.7 12.5 9.9 12.8 9.5 12.2
          Two or More Races 29.8 30.3 18.6 * 35.8 35.2
     Hispanic or Latino 15.9 17.5 12.6 18.3 16.7 17.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.74A Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,821 3,858 1,388 1,451 2,433 2,407
AGE
     18 836 897 260 237 576 660
     19 807 795 347 375 460 421
     20 791 799 324 355 467 444
     21 743 699 263 281 480 418
     22 644 668 194 203 450 464
GENDER
     Male 2,284 2,370 755 810 1,529 1,561
     Female 1,537 1,488 633 641 904 847
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 3,405 3,396 1,318 1,349 2,087 2,047
          White 2,787 2,701 1,130 1,110 1,657 1,591
          Black or African American 437 496 122 156 315 339
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 68 91 42 58 26 34
          Two or More Races 75 67 17 * 58 47
     Hispanic or Latino 415 461 70 101 346 360
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.74B Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18.8 18.9 18.0 18.4 19.2 19.1
AGE
     18 19.2 19.5 18.9 16.1 19.3 21.1
     19 19.7 20.5 18.3 19.7 21.0 21.2
     20 19.8 19.8 18.4 20.4 20.8 19.4
     21 18.4 17.8 16.9 18.0 19.3 17.7
     22 16.7 16.6 17.6 16.8 16.3 16.6
GENDER
     Male 22.1 22.9 20.8 22.4 22.9 23.2
     Female 15.3 14.7 15.6 15.0 15.1 14.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 20.2 20.0 18.9 19.1 21.2 20.7
          White 21.8 21.2 20.9 20.5 22.5 21.7
          Black or African American 15.9 17.2 13.1 16.2 17.3 17.7
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 8.4 10.4 8.2 10.6 8.6 10.0
          Two or More Races 27.7 27.2 18.6 * 32.5 32.5
     Hispanic or Latino 11.8 13.1 9.9 12.3 12.3 13.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.75A Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 9,293 9,103 2,954 2,874 6,335 6,228
     Cigarettes 8,313 8,166 2,509 2,476 5,802 5,689
     Smokeless Tobacco 1,014 949 409b 298 605 651
     Cigars 2,471 2,556 852 826 1,618 1,731
     Pipe Tobacco 249 212 73 73 176 139
ALCOHOL 11,808 11,987 4,931 5,115 6,877 6,868
     Binge Alcohol Use4 8,348 8,292 3,417 3,429 4,930 4,862
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 3,141 3,078 1,446 1,389 1,695 1,690
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.75B Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 45.6 44.5 38.4 36.4 50.0 49.5
     Cigarettes 40.8 39.9 32.6 31.4 45.8 45.3
     Smokeless Tobacco 5.0 4.6 5.3b 3.8 4.8 5.2
     Cigars 12.1 12.5 11.1 10.5 12.8 13.8
     Pipe Tobacco 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.1
ALCOHOL 58.0 58.6 64.1 64.9 54.3 54.6
     Binge Alcohol Use4 41.0 40.5 44.4 43.5 38.9 38.7
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 15.4 15.0 18.8 17.6 13.4 13.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.76A Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male
Undergraduates
Other Males Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 5,358 5,260 1,587 1,502 3,769 3,757
     Cigarettes 4,516 4,515 1,208 1,185 3,308 3,330
     Smokeless Tobacco 977 901 389b 275 588 625
     Cigars 1,881 1,953 610 625 1,269 1,328
     Pipe Tobacco 190 165 58 50 131 115
ALCOHOL 6,364 6,507 2,370 2,477 3,994 4,030
     Binge Alcohol Use4 4,988 5,044 1,820 1,866 3,168 3,178
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 2,139 2,148 919 862 1,220 1,286
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.76B Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male
Undergraduates
Other Males Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 51.9 50.9 43.7 41.5 56.4 56.0
     Cigarettes 43.8 43.7 33.3 32.8 49.5 49.6
     Smokeless Tobacco 9.5 8.7 10.7b 7.6 8.8 9.3
     Cigars 18.2 18.9 16.8 17.3 19.0 19.8
     Pipe Tobacco 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.4 2.0 1.7
ALCOHOL 61.7 63.0 65.2 68.5 59.7 60.0
     Binge Alcohol Use4 48.3 48.8 50.1 51.6 47.4 47.3
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 20.7 20.8 25.3 23.8 18.2 19.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.77A Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged
18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 3,934 3,843 1,367 1,372 2,566 2,471
     Cigarettes 3,797 3,651 1,301 1,292 2,494 2,359
     Smokeless Tobacco 37 49 20 23 17 26
     Cigars 591 603 242 201 349 402
     Pipe Tobacco 59 47 14 23 45 24
ALCOHOL 5,444 5,480 2,561 2,638 2,883 2,839
     Binge Alcohol Use4 3,359 3,248 1,597 1,563 1,762 1,685
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 1,002 931 527 527 475 404
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.77B Tobacco and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female Undergraduates Other Females Aged
18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY TOBACCO3 39.2 37.9 33.7 32.1 42.9 42.2
     Cigarettes 37.8 36.0 32.0 30.3 41.7 40.3
     Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4
     Cigars 5.9 6.0 6.0 4.7 5.8 6.9
     Pipe Tobacco 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4
ALCOHOL 54.2 54.1 63.1 61.8 48.2 48.5
     Binge Alcohol Use4 33.5 32.1 39.3 36.6 29.5 28.8
          Heavy Alcohol Use4 10.0 9.2 13.0 12.3 7.9 6.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.78A Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 8,313 8,166 2,509 2,476 5,802 5,689
AGE
     18 1,560 1,551 400 372 1,160 1,179
     19 1,580 1,445 583 583 996a 862
     20 1,671 1,775 589 606 1,081 1,169
     21 1,870a 1,647 560 528 1,310a 1,119
     22 1,632 1,749 377 388 1,255 1,361
GENDER
     Male 4,516 4,515 1,208 1,185 3,308 3,330
     Female 3,797 3,651 1,301 1,292 2,494 2,359
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,214 6,956 2,336 2,254 4,877 4,702
          White 6,004 5,740 2,018 1,939 3,985 3,800
          Black or African American 739 785 149 152 590 632
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 225 226 123 115 102 112
          Two or More Races 142 105 * * 105 75
     Hispanic or Latino 1,098 1,210 173 223 925 987
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.78B Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 40.8 39.9 32.6 31.4 45.8 45.3
AGE
     18 35.8 33.7 29.0 25.3 38.9 37.6
     19 38.7 37.2 30.8 30.7 45.5 43.4
     20 41.8 44.1 33.5 34.8 48.3 51.2
     21 46.2a 42.0 36.0 33.9 52.6a 47.3
     22 42.2 43.5 34.0 32.0 45.5 48.5
GENDER
     Male 43.8 43.7 33.3 32.8 49.5 49.6
     Female 37.8 36.0 32.0 30.3 41.7 40.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 42.8a 41.0 33.4 31.9 49.5 47.6
          White 46.9 45.1 37.3 35.9 54.0 51.9
          Black or African American 26.9 27.2 16.0 15.7 32.4 33.0
          American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 27.9 25.8 24.3 21.2 33.9 33.2
          Two or More Races 52.4 42.6 * * 59.3 52.1
     Hispanic or Latino 31.2 34.5 24.5 27.1 32.9 36.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.79A Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 11,808 11,987 4,931 5,115 6,877 6,868
AGE
     18 2,022 2,012 740 753 1,283 1,259
     19 2,108 2,038 1,077 1,110 1,031 927
     20 2,218 2,401 1,072 1,143 1,145 1,257
     21 2,871 2,734 1,232 1,216 1,639 1,515
     22 2,589 2,803 810 892 1,780 1,910
GENDER
     Male 6,364 6,507 2,370 2,477 3,994 4,030
     Female 5,444 5,480 2,561 2,638 2,883 2,839
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 10,111 10,265 4,502 4,650 5,609 5,612
          White 8,268 8,356 3,748 3,836 4,520 4,517
          Black or African American 1,192 1,219 429 444 763 775
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 63 * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 345 408 226 269 119 139
          Two or More Races 175 160 * * 107 87
     Hispanic or Latino 1,697 1,722 428 464 1,268 1,256
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.79B Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 58.0 58.6 64.1 64.9 54.3 54.6
AGE
     18 46.3 43.7 53.6 51.1 43.0 40.2
     19 51.6 52.4 56.8 58.5 47.1 46.7
     20 55.5a 59.6 61.1 65.6 51.1 55.0
     21 70.9 69.7 79.2 78.0 65.8 64.1
     22 67.0 69.8 73.1 73.6 64.5 68.1
GENDER
     Male 61.7 63.0 65.2 68.5 59.7 60.0
     Female 54.2 54.1 63.1 61.8 48.2 48.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 60.0 60.6 64.4 65.8 56.9 56.8
          White 64.6 65.7 69.3 71.0 61.2 61.7
          Black or African American 43.4 42.2 46.1 45.9 42.0 40.4
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 56.8 * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 42.7 46.5 44.6 49.8 39.5 41.4
          Two or More Races 64.5 64.7 * * 60.2 60.2
     Hispanic or Latino 48.2 49.1 60.7 56.4 45.1 46.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.80A Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 8,348 8,292 3,417 3,429 4,930 4,862
AGE
     18 1,421 1,454 520 532 901 921
     19 1,564 1,412 789 721 775 690
     20 1,549 1,666 721 762 828 904
     21 2,031 1,876 869 803 1,162 1,072
     22 1,783 1,886 519 611 1,264 1,275
GENDER
     Male 4,988 5,044 1,820 1,866 3,168 3,178
     Female 3,359 3,248 1,597 1,563 1,762 1,685
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 7,125 7,085 3,151 3,125 3,974 3,959
          White 6,047 6,022 2,741 2,741 3,306 3,280
          Black or African American 650 635 202 184 448 452
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 51 * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 198 238 133 144 65 94
          Two or More Races 128a 90 * * 78 55
     Hispanic or Latino 1,222 1,208 266 303 956 903
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.80B Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 41.0 40.5 44.4 43.5 38.9 38.7
AGE
     18 32.6 31.5 37.7 36.1 30.2 29.4
     19 38.3 36.3 41.6 37.9 35.4 34.7
     20 38.7 41.4 41.0 43.7 37.0 39.6
     21 50.2 47.8 55.8 51.5 46.6 45.4
     22 46.1 47.0 46.9 50.4 45.8 45.5
GENDER
     Male 48.3 48.8 50.1 51.6 47.4 47.3
     Female 33.5 32.1 39.3 36.6 29.5 28.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 42.3 41.8 45.1 44.2 40.3 40.0
          White 47.3 47.3 50.7 50.7 44.8 44.8
          Black or African American 23.7 22.0 21.7 19.0 24.7 23.6
          American Indian or Alaska Native * 45.7 * * * *
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 24.5 27.2 26.2 26.7 21.7 28.0
          Two or More Races 47.1 36.7 * * 44.0 38.1
     Hispanic or Latino 34.7 34.4 37.7 36.8 34.0 33.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.81A Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 3,141 3,078 1,446 1,389 1,695 1,690
AGE
     18 490 464 186 204 305 260
     19 575 535 335 276 240 259
     20 605 647 316 323 290 324
     21 814 735 374 332 440 403
     22 656 699 236 254 420 445
GENDER
     Male 2,139 2,148 919 862 1,220 1,286
     Female 1,002 931 527 527 475 404
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 2,821 2,723 1,359 1,302 1,462 1,421
          White 2,537 2,446 1,243 1,211 1,295 1,235
          Black or African American 145 145 42 30 104 114
          American Indian or Alaska Native 15 15 * * 10 14
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 66 70 43 39 23 31
          Two or More Races 55 37 * * 28 19
     Hispanic or Latino 320 356 87 87 232 269
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.81B Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Undergraduates Other Persons Aged 18–222
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 15.4 15.0 18.8 17.6 13.4 13.4
AGE
     18 11.2 10.1 13.5 13.8 10.2 8.3
     19 14.1 13.8 17.7 14.5 11.0 13.0
     20 15.1 16.1 18.0 18.5 12.9 14.2
     21 20.1 18.7 24.0 21.3 17.7 17.1
     22 17.0 17.4 21.3 21.0 15.2 15.9
GENDER
     Male 20.7 20.8 25.3 23.8 18.2 19.1
     Female 10.0 9.2 13.0 12.3 7.9 6.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 16.7 16.1 19.4 18.4 14.8 14.4
          White 19.8 19.2 23.0 22.4 17.5 16.9
          Black or African American 5.3 5.0 4.5 3.1 5.7 6.0
          American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 13.8 * * 9.3 14.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
          Asian 8.2 8.0 8.4 7.3 7.8 9.2
          Two or More Races 20.4 15.2 * * 15.9 13.3
     Hispanic or Latino 9.1 10.1 12.3 10.5 8.3 10.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.82A Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 10,962 10,944 33,481 32,300 35,781 34,632
12 5 6 2 10 6 10
13 13 15 15 15 20 23
14 25 35 35 36 44 43
15 83 73 88 91 113 109
16 284 271 315 289 410 383
17 524 446 544 514 734 656
18 655 663 809 754 987 949
19 667 642 928 819 1,091 973
20 652 672 970 943 1,136 1,093
21 730b 571 1,313a 1,135 1,434a 1,231
22 562 581 1,194 1,187 1,272 1,289
23 534 503 1,141 1,245 1,222 1,312
24 430 462 1,045 1,032 1,111 1,114
25 332 381 861 911 918 981
26–29 1,365 1,297 3,773 3,516 3,936 3,696
30–34 1,114 1,094 4,174 3,858 4,372 4,119
35–39 1,039 933 4,222a 3,665 4,454a 3,881
40–44 916 1,075 3,757 3,853 3,981 4,047
45–49 720 585 3,168 3,047 3,362 3,187
50–54 213a 501 2,374 2,372 2,424 2,527
55–59 33 113 1,077 1,438 1,081 1,438
60–64 58 19 772 487 772 487
65 or Older 10 6 902 1,082 902 1,082
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.82B Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Categories: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Age Category DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4.7 4.6 14.2a 13.6 15.2a 14.6
12 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
13 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.5
14 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0
15 2.0 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.8 2.6
16 7.0 6.5 7.8 6.9 10.1 9.1
17 13.3a 10.9 13.8 12.6 18.6a 16.0
18 15.0 14.4 18.5 16.4 22.6 20.6
19 16.3 16.5 22.7 21.1 26.7 25.0
20 16.3 16.7 24.3 23.4 28.4 27.1
21 18.0b 14.6 32.4a 28.9 35.4a 31.4
22 14.5 14.5 30.9 29.6 32.9 32.1
23 14.0 12.6 29.9 31.1 32.1 32.8
24 12.2 12.7 29.7 28.4 31.5 30.7
25 10.0 10.5 25.9 25.1 27.6 27.0
26–29 8.9 8.8 24.7 23.8 25.8 25.0
30–34 5.6 5.4 21.0 19.1 22.0 20.4
35–39 4.7 4.5 19.2 17.5 20.2 18.5
40–44 4.2 4.7 17.1 17.0 18.1 17.8
45–49 3.4 2.7 15.0 14.2 15.9 14.9
50–54 1.1a 2.5 12.6 11.9 12.9 12.6
55–59 0.2 0.8 7.3 9.6 7.4 9.6
60–64 0.5 0.2 6.6 4.1 6.6 4.1
65 or Older 0.0 0.0 2.7 3.2 2.7 3.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.83A Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 10,962 10,944 33,481 32,300 35,781 34,632
AGE
     12–17 934 845 1,000 956 1,327 1,224
     18–25 4,562 4,475 8,262 8,025 9,170 8,943
     26 or Older 5,467 5,625 24,218 23,318 25,284 24,464
GENDER
     Male 7,206 7,534 21,407 20,930 22,696 22,456
     Female 3,757 3,410 12,074 11,370 13,085a 12,176
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9,884 9,940 30,424 29,398 32,539 31,555
          White 8,285 8,301 26,752 25,643 28,547 27,404
          Black or African American 1,219 1,131 2,586 2,414 2,828 2,685
          American Indian or Alaska Native 93 84 226 194 242 214
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 25 47 90 67 91 69
          Asian 116a 196 514 717 530 756
          Two or More Races 146 179 256 363 300a 427
     Hispanic or Latino 1,078 1,004 3,057 2,902 3,243 3,076
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.83B Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4.7 4.6 14.2a 13.6 15.2a 14.6
AGE
     12–17 3.8 3.4 4.0 3.8 5.4 4.9
     18–25 14.7 14.1 26.6a 25.3 29.6a 28.2
     26 or Older 3.0 3.1 13.5 12.9 14.1 13.5
GENDER
     Male 6.3 6.6 18.8 18.2 20.0 19.5
     Female 3.1a 2.8 9.9 9.3 10.8a 9.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4.8 4.8 14.8 14.1 15.8 15.2
          White 5.0 5.0 16.2a 15.4 17.3a 16.5
          Black or African American 4.5 4.1 9.6 8.8 10.5 9.8
          American Indian or Alaska Native 6.3 6.7 15.3 15.4 16.4 17.0
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.1a 9.7 11.1 13.6 11.2 14.1
          Asian 1.3 2.0 5.7 7.3 5.9 7.7
          Two or More Races 5.8 7.0 10.2 14.1 11.9 16.6
     Hispanic or Latino 3.7 3.4 10.5 9.7 11.2 10.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.84A Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 10,029 10,099 32,481 31,344 34,454 33,408
GENDER
     Male 6,674 7,037 20,889 20,421 21,982 21,784
     Female 3,355 3,062 11,592 10,923 12,472 11,624
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 9,060 9,184 29,541 28,558 31,367 30,474
          White 7,576 7,639 25,965 24,889 27,521 26,447
          Black or African American 1,144 1,079 2,528 2,374 2,735 2,621
          American Indian or Alaska Native 73 72 210 182 220 197
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 24 42 90 62 90 64
          Asian 110 187 502 708 519 742
          Two or More Races 132 164 245 343 283 403
     Hispanic or Latino 969 915 2,940 2,786 3,086 2,933
EDUCATION
     < High School 1,605 1,785 2,935 3,189 3,397 3,680
     High School Graduate 3,315 3,483 9,551 9,227 10,283 9,999
     Some College 3,401 3,174 10,053 9,339 10,596 9,940
     College Graduate 1,708 1,657 9,942 9,588 10,178 9,788
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 5,908 6,196 23,180b 21,477 24,265a 22,744
     Part-Time 1,937 1,898 4,315 4,841 4,719 5,211
     Unemployed 849 802 1,497 1,561 1,647 1,711
     Other1 1,335 1,203 3,489 3,464 3,822 3,741
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.84B Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4.8 4.7 15.4a 14.7 16.4 15.7
GENDER
     Male 6.6 6.9 20.7 20.0 21.8 21.3
     Female 3.1 2.8 10.6 9.9 11.4a 10.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE
     Not Hispanic or Latino 4.9 4.9 15.9 15.3 16.9 16.3
          White 5.1 5.1 17.3a 16.5 18.4 17.6
          Black or African American 4.9 4.6 10.9 10.0 11.8 11.1
          American Indian or Alaska Native 5.7 6.7 16.3 16.9 17.1 18.3
          Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.3a 10.0 12.3 14.9 12.3 15.3
          Asian 1.4 2.1 6.2 8.0 6.4 8.4
          Two or More Races 6.2 7.6 11.6 15.8 13.3 18.5
     Hispanic or Latino 3.9 3.5 11.7 10.8 12.3 11.4
EDUCATION
     < High School 4.3 4.7 7.9 8.4 9.1 9.7
     High School Graduate 4.9 5.2 14.0 13.7 15.1 14.9
     Some College 6.5 6.0 19.1 17.8 20.2 18.9
     College Graduate 3.2 3.0 18.9 17.4 19.3 17.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT
     Full-Time 5.1 5.3 19.9b 18.4 20.8b 19.4
     Part-Time 7.1 6.6 15.7 16.9 17.2 18.2
     Unemployed 11.2 9.9 19.7 19.3 21.7 21.2
     Other1 2.3 2.0 5.9 5.9 6.5 6.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Retired person, disabled person, homemaker, student, or other person not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.85A Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 10,029 10,099 32,481 31,344 34,454 33,408
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 1,842 1,924 5,769 5,351 6,127 5,804
          New England 557 753 1,925 1,734 2,038 1,874
          Middle Atlantic 1,285 1,172 3,844 3,617 4,088 3,930
     Midwest 2,468 2,403 9,342 8,855 9,774 9,316
          East North Central 1,763 1,609 6,338a 5,798 6,663a 6,110
          West North Central 705 794 3,004 3,057 3,110 3,205
     South 3,140 3,290 10,155 9,909 10,835 10,581
          South Atlantic 1,634 1,863 5,020 5,112 5,363 5,508
          East South Central 552 471 1,434 1,246 1,603 1,360
          West South Central 954 957 3,700 3,550 3,869 3,713
     West 2,578 2,481 7,215 7,229 7,719 7,707
          Mountain 746 806 2,333 2,158 2,472 2,316
          Pacific 1,832 1,675 4,882 5,071 5,248 5,391
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 5,403 5,308 17,409 16,886 18,302 17,976
     Small Metro 3,310 3,399 10,530a 9,474 11,246a 10,134
          250K – 1 Mil. Pop. 2,109 2,194 6,580 6,097 7,069 6,503
          < 250K Pop. 1,200 1,205 3,950a 3,377 4,177a 3,631
     Nonmetro 1,316 1,392 4,542 4,983 4,906 5,297
          Urbanized 544 624 2,029 2,338 2,146 2,470
          Less Urbanized 623 680 2,109 2,104 2,318 2,272
          Completely Rural 148 87 403 541 443 555
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.85B Drove Under the Influence of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Geographic Characteristic DROVE UNDER THE INFLUENCE IN PAST YEAR
Any Illicit Drug Alcohol Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 4.8 4.7 15.4a 14.7 16.4 15.7
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION
     Northeast 4.5 4.7 14.2 13.1 15.1 14.2
          New England 5.2 7.0 18.1 16.2 19.1 17.5
          Middle Atlantic 4.3 3.9 12.8 12.0 13.6 13.1
     Midwest 5.2 5.0 19.6 18.4 20.5 19.4
          East North Central 5.3 4.8 19.0a 17.2 19.9a 18.1
          West North Central 4.9 5.5 21.0 21.2 21.7 22.3
     South 4.2 4.3 13.5 13.1 14.4 14.0
          South Atlantic 4.2 4.7 12.8 12.8 13.6 13.8
          East South Central 4.3 3.7 11.3 9.8 12.6 10.7
          West South Central 4.2 4.1 16.2 15.3 16.9 16.0
     West 5.5 5.2 15.3 15.1 16.4 16.1
          Mountain 5.5 5.8 17.1 15.5 18.2 16.7
          Pacific 5.5 4.9 14.6 14.9 15.7 15.8
COUNTY TYPE1
     Large Metro 4.8 4.7 15.5 15.0 16.3 15.9
     Small Metro 5.3 5.3 17.0b 14.8 18.1b 15.8
          250K – 1 Mil. Pop. 5.2 5.2 16.2a 14.5 17.4a 15.5
          < 250K Pop. 5.6 5.5 18.4b 15.3 19.5b 16.5
     Nonmetro 3.7 3.9 12.7 13.9 13.7 14.8
          Urbanized 3.8 3.9 14.2 14.6 15.0 15.4
          Less Urbanized 3.6 4.2 12.0 13.0 13.2 14.0
          Completely Rural 3.7 2.4 10.2a 14.8 11.2 15.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates for 2002 and 2003 are based on a revised definition of county type and are not comparable with estimates by county type published in prior NSDUH reports.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.86A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 16,644 16,659 1,369 1,334 15,214 15,295
     Marijuana and Hashish 12,561 12,667 1,091 1,032 11,449 11,620
     Cocaine 1,874 2,128 283 340 1,568 1,786
          Crack 541 572 101 185 421 387
     Heroin 155 101 30 20 125 81
     Hallucinogens 941 783 106 109 817 669
          LSD 51 82 9 19 42 63
          PCP 35 35 13 7 22 28
          Ecstasy 553a 379 70 62 483a 315
     Inhalants 334 250 22 16 312 234
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 5,231 5,339 431 426 4,762 4,900
          Pain Relievers 3,583 3,892 258 257 3,290 3,622
          Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 120 112 1,491 1,490
          Stimulants 1,017 970 162 116 853 854
               Methamphetamine 535 538 116 90 416 449
          Sedatives 389 247 39 28 338 220
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7,356 7,432 738 722 6,558 6,694
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.86B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 7.9 7.8 28.7 28.0 7.4 7.4
     Marijuana and Hashish 6.0 6.0 22.9 21.7 5.6 5.6
     Cocaine 0.9 1.0 5.9 7.1 0.8 0.9
          Crack 0.3 0.3 2.1 3.9 0.2 0.2
     Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.6 0.4 0.1 0.0
     Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.3 0.4 0.3
          LSD 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.0
          PCP 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0
          Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 1.5 1.3 0.2a 0.2
     Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 2.5 2.5 9.0 9.0 2.3 2.4
          Pain Relievers 1.7 1.8 5.4 5.4 1.6 1.7
          Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 2.5 2.4 0.7 0.7
          Stimulants 0.5 0.5 3.4 2.4 0.4 0.4
               Methamphetamine 0.3 0.3 2.4 1.9 0.2 0.2
          Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.1
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 3.5 3.5 15.5 15.2 3.2 3.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.87A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 15,165 15,239 1,347 1,269 13,780 13,940
     Marijuana and Hashish 11,708 11,836 1,091 1,009 10,596 10,812
     Cocaine 1,782 1,946 262 294 1,497 1,651
          Crack 508 482 80 139 409 343
     Heroin 125 101 30 20 95 81
     Hallucinogens 889 783 106 109 764 669
          LSD 51 82 9 19 42 63
          PCP 35 35 13 7 22 28
          Ecstasy 500 379 70 62 430 315
     Inhalants 298 242 22 16 277 225
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 4,615 4,767 431 422 4,170 4,331
          Pain Relievers 3,175 3,518 258 257 2,906 3,249
          Tranquilizers 1,379 1,399 120 109 1,253 1,289
          Stimulants 1,004 950 162 116 839 834
               Methamphetamine 532 538 116 90 413 449
          Sedatives 309a 180 39 24 269 156
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 6,562 6,692 716 676 5,809 6,000
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.87B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG2 11.5 11.6 30.8 29.8 10.9 11.0
     Marijuana and Hashish 8.9 9.0 24.9 23.7 8.4 8.5
     Cocaine 1.4 1.5 6.0 6.9 1.2 1.3
          Crack 0.4 0.4 1.8 3.3 0.3 0.3
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.1 0.1
     Hallucinogens 0.7 0.6 2.4 2.6 0.6 0.5
          LSD 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.0
          PCP 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0
          Ecstasy 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.5 0.3 0.2
     Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic3 3.5 3.6 9.8 9.9 3.3 3.4
          Pain Relievers 2.4 2.7 5.9 6.0 2.3 2.6
          Tranquilizers 1.0 1.1 2.7 2.5 1.0 1.0
          Stimulants 0.8 0.7 3.7 2.7 0.7 0.7
               Methamphetamine 0.4 0.4 2.6 2.1 0.3 0.4
          Sedatives 0.2a 0.1 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.1
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 5.0 5.1 16.4 15.8 4.6 4.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.88A Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 16,644 16,659 1,369 1,334 15,214 15,295
AGE
     18–49 15,165 15,239 1,347 1,269 13,780 13,940
          18–25 6,264 6,435 605 682 5,650 5,746
          26–34 3,699 3,753 339 311 3,360 3,424
          35–49 5,201 5,051 403 276 4,770 4,770
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 10,126 10,006 1,109 1,023 8,983 8,954
          Male 18–49 9,300 9,172 1,088 958 8,177 8,186
     Female 18 or Older 6,518 6,653 259 311 6,231 6,340
          Female 18–49 5,865 6,067 259 311 5,603 5,754
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.88B Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.9 7.8 28.7 28.0 7.4 7.4
AGE
     18–49 11.5 11.6 30.8 29.8 10.9 11.0
          18–25 20.2 20.3 34.5 36.0 19.3 19.3
          26–34 10.5 10.7 26.4 28.0 10.0 10.1
          35–49 8.0 7.8 30.1 22.0 7.5 7.5
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 10.0 9.8 31.2 29.0 9.2 9.1
          Male 18–49 14.3 14.1 33.5 30.9 13.3 13.2
     Female 18 or Older 6.0 6.0 21.2 25.2 5.8 5.8
          Female 18–49 8.8 9.1 22.8 26.8 8.6 8.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.89A Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,740 5,548 765 890 4,958 4,655
AGE
     18–49 5,292 5,305 744 876 4,543 4,428
          18–25 2,548 2,486 343a 447 2,199 2,037
          26–34 1,233 1,247 191 191 1,041 1,056
          35–49 1,512 1,572 209 238 1,302 1,335
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 3,773 3,519 614 688 3,154 2,831
          Male 18–49 3,484 3,335 593 673 2,886 2,662
     Female 18 or Older 1,967 2,028 151 203 1,804 1,824
          Female 18–49 1,808 1,970 151 203 1,656 1,766
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.89B Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.7 2.6 16.0 18.7 2.4 2.2
AGE
     18–49 4.0 4.0 17.0 20.5 3.6 3.5
          18–25 8.2 7.8 19.5a 23.6 7.5a 6.8
          26–34 3.5 3.6 14.9 17.1 3.1 3.1
          35–49 2.3 2.4 15.6 18.9 2.0 2.1
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 3.7 3.4 17.3 19.5 3.2 2.9
          Male 18–49 5.4 5.1 18.3 21.7 4.7 4.3
     Female 18 or Older 1.8 1.8 12.4 16.4 1.7 1.7
          Female 18–49 2.7 3.0 13.3 17.5 2.5 2.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.90A Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 19,797 19,372 1,771 1,860 18,004 17,482
AGE
     18–49 17,212 16,916 1,727 1,746 15,475 15,140
          18–25 6,733 6,678 756 860 5,969 5,816
          26–34 4,636 4,585 508 445 4,127 4,129
          35–49 5,843 5,653 464 441 5,379 5,195
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 13,402 12,869 1,418 1,526 11,977 11,313
          Male 18–49 11,420 11,053 1,380 1,412 10,033 9,612
     Female 18 or Older 6,395 6,503 353 334 6,027 6,168
          Female 18–49 5,793 5,863 347 334 5,442 5,528
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.90B Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.4 9.1 37.1 39.1 8.8 8.4
AGE
     18–49 13.1 12.8 39.4 41.0 12.2 11.9
          18–25 21.7 21.0 43.0 45.4 20.4 19.5
          26–34 13.2 13.1 39.5 40.0 12.2 12.2
          35–49 9.0 8.7 34.7 35.2 8.4 8.2
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 13.3 12.6 39.9 43.3 12.3 11.5
          Male 18–49 17.6 17.0 42.5 45.5 16.3 15.5
     Female 18 or Older 5.8 5.9 28.9 27.0 5.6 5.7
          Female 18–49 8.7 8.8 30.6 28.8 8.3 8.5
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40722

Table 7.91A Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,483b 19,588 777 915 16,681b 18,626
AGE
     18–49 13,619b 14,838 672 833 12,934a 13,974
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 232b 333 3,850 4,075
          26–34 3,590 3,693 152 197 3,431 3,490
          35–49 5,944a 6,725 288 303 5,654a 6,410
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 6,041a 6,887 485 568 5,551a 6,297
          Male 18–49 4,883 5,129 448 496 4,429 4,627
     Female 18 or Older 11,442b 12,702 291 346 11,131a 12,330
          Female 18–49 8,736b 9,710 224 337 8,505a 9,347
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40722

Table 7.91B Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8.3b 9.2 16.3 19.2 8.1b 9.0
AGE
     18–49 10.4b 11.3 15.4a 19.5 10.2a 11.0
          18–25 13.2 13.9 13.2a 17.6 13.2 13.7
          26–34 10.2 10.6 11.8 17.7 10.2 10.3
          35–49 9.1a 10.3 21.5 24.1 8.9a 10.1
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 6.0a 6.7 13.7 16.1 5.7 6.4
          Male 18–49 7.5 7.9 13.8 16.0 7.2 7.5
     Female 18 or Older 10.5a 11.5 23.9 28.0 10.3a 11.3
          Female 18–49 13.1b 14.6 19.8 29.0 13.0b 14.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.92A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 16,644 16,659 522 349 16,060 16,278
     Marijuana and Hashish 12,561 12,667 397 243 12,143 12,409
     Cocaine 1,874 2,128 108 128 1,743 1,999
          Crack 541 572 64 * 457 466
     Heroin 155 101 15 12 140 89
     Hallucinogens 941 783 44 20 878 760
          LSD 51 82 * 6 51 77
          PCP 35 35 13 * 22 35
          Ecstasy 553a 379 26 10 527a 369
     Inhalants 334 250 9 * 325 250
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 5,231 5,339 191a 92 5,002 5,234
          Pain Relievers 3,583 3,892 97 61 3,450 3,818
          Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 57 34 1,555 1,570
          Stimulants 1,017 970 86 27 929 943
               Methamphetamine 535 538 56 25 476 513
          Sedatives 389 247 14 9 364 238
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7,356 7,432 295 199 7,001 7,216
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.92B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 7.9 7.8 29.1 24.3 7.7 7.7
     Marijuana and Hashish 6.0 6.0 22.1 16.9 5.8 5.9
     Cocaine 0.9 1.0 6.0 8.9 0.8 0.9
          Crack 0.3 0.3 3.6 * 0.2 0.2
     Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.9 0.8 0.1 0.0
     Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 2.5 1.4 0.4 0.4
          LSD 0.0 0.0 * 0.4 0.0 0.0
          PCP 0.0 0.0 0.7 * 0.0 0.0
          Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 1.4 0.7 0.3a 0.2
     Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.5 * 0.2 0.1
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 2.5 2.5 10.6 6.4 2.4 2.5
          Pain Relievers 1.7 1.8 5.4 4.3 1.7 1.8
          Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 3.2 2.4 0.7 0.7
          Stimulants 0.5 0.5 4.8 1.9 0.4 0.4
               Methamphetamine 0.3 0.3 3.1 1.8 0.2 0.2
          Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.1
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 3.5 3.5 16.4 13.9 3.4 3.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.93A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 15,165 15,239 501a 299 14,626 14,908
     Marijuana and Hashish 11,708 11,836 397 235 11,291 11,586
     Cocaine 1,782 1,946 87 82 1,672 1,864
          Crack 508 482 43 60 445 422
     Heroin 125 101 15 12 110 89
     Hallucinogens 889 783 44 20 826 760
          LSD 51 82 * * 51 77
          PCP 35 35 * * 22 35
          Ecstasy 500 379 26 10 474 369
     Inhalants 298 242 9 * 289 242
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 4,615 4,767 191a 88 4,410 4,665
          Pain Relievers 3,175 3,518 97 61 3,066 3,444
          Tranquilizers 1,379 1,399 57 30 1,317 1,368
          Stimulants 1,004 950 86 27 915 923
               Methamphetamine 532 538 * 25 473 513
          Sedatives 309a 180 14 6 295a 175
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 6,562 6,692 274a 153 6,252 6,522
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.93B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG3 11.5 11.6 33.2 24.6 11.3 11.4
     Marijuana and Hashish 8.9 9.0 26.3 19.3 8.7 8.9
     Cocaine 1.4 1.5 5.8 6.7 1.3 1.4
          Crack 0.4 0.4 2.8 5.0 0.3 0.3
     Heroin 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.0 0.1 0.1
     Hallucinogens 0.7 0.6 2.9 1.6 0.6 0.6
          LSD 0.0 0.1 * * 0.0 0.1
          PCP 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0
          Ecstasy 0.4 0.3 1.7 0.8 0.4 0.3
     Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.6 * 0.2 0.2
     Nonmedical Use of Any Psychotherapeutic4 3.5 3.6 12.6 7.2 3.4 3.6
          Pain Relievers 2.4 2.7 6.4 5.0 2.4 2.6
          Tranquilizers 1.0 1.1 3.8 2.5 1.0 1.1
          Stimulants 0.8 0.7 5.7 2.2 0.7 0.7
               Methamphetamine 0.4 0.4 * 2.1 0.4 0.4
          Sedatives 0.2a 0.1 0.9 0.5 0.2a 0.1
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 5.0 5.1 18.1 12.6 4.8 5.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
4 Nonmedical use of any prescription-type pain reliever, tranquilizer, stimulant, or sedative; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.94A Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 16,644 16,659 522 349 16,060 16,278
AGE
     18–49 15,165 15,239 501a 299 14,626 14,908
          18–25 6,264 6,435 167 121 6,089 6,305
          26–34 3,699 3,753 * * 3,578 3,646
          35–49 5,201 5,051 * * 4,959 4,957
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 10,126 10,006 439 290 9,653 9,685
          Male 18–49 9,300 9,172 418a 240 8,847 8,903
     Female 18 or Older 6,518 6,653 * * 6,408 6,592
          Female 18–49 5,865 6,067 * * 5,779 6,006
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.94B Any Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.9 7.8 29.1 24.3 7.7 7.7
AGE
     18–49 11.5 11.6 33.2 24.6 11.3 11.4
          18–25 20.2 20.3 36.9 29.6 20.0 20.2
          26–34 10.5 10.7 * * 10.4 10.6
          35–49 8.0 7.8 * * 7.7 7.7
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 10.0 9.8 32.4 25.3 9.7 9.6
          Male 18–49 14.3 14.1 35.4 24.3 13.9 13.9
     Female 18 or Older 6.0 6.0 * * 5.9 6.0
          Female 18–49 8.8 9.1 * * 8.8 9.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.95A Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,740 5,548 370a 217 5,353 5,328
AGE
     18–49 5,292 5,305 313 213 4,973 5,089
          18–25 2,548 2,486 95 98 2,448 2,385
          26–34 1,233 1,247 * * 1,122 1,198
          35–49 1,512 1,572 * * 1,403 1,506
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 3,773 3,519 268 177 3,501 3,340
          Male 18–49 3,484 3,335 246 173 3,233 3,160
     Female 18 or Older 1,967 2,028 * * 1,852 1,988
          Female 18–49 1,808 1,970 * * 1,740 1,929
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.95B Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.7 2.6 20.6 15.1 2.6 2.5
AGE
     18–49 4.0 4.0 20.7 17.5 3.8 3.9
          18–25 8.2 7.8 21.0 23.7 8.0 7.6
          26–34 3.5 3.6 * * 3.2 3.5
          35–49 2.3 2.4 * * 2.2 2.3
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 3.7 3.4 19.7 15.4 3.5 3.3
          Male 18–49 5.4 5.1 20.8 17.5 5.1 4.9
     Female 18 or Older 1.8 1.8 * * 1.7 1.8
          Female 18–49 2.7 3.0 * * 2.6 2.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.96A Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 19,797 19,372 651 469 19,121 18,872
AGE
     18–49 17,212 16,916 589 461 16,615 16,424
          18–25 6,733 6,678 200 193 6,525 6,482
          26–34 4,636 4,585 * * 4,433 4,435
          35–49 5,843 5,653 * * 5,657 5,507
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 13,402 12,869 521 397 12,873 12,442
          Male 18–49 11,420 11,053 499 389 10,915 10,634
     Female 18 or Older 6,395 6,503 * * 6,249 6,430
          Female 18–49 5,793 5,863 * * 5,700 5,790
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.96B Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.4 9.1 36.2 32.6 9.2 9.0
AGE
     18–49 13.1 12.8 39.0 37.9 12.8 12.6
          18–25 21.7 21.0 44.3 47.0 21.4 20.7
          26–34 13.2 13.1 * * 12.8 12.9
          35–49 9.0 8.7 * * 8.8 8.5
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 13.3 12.6 38.4 34.6 13.0 12.3
          Male 18–49 17.6 17.0 42.2 39.3 17.2 16.6
     Female 18 or Older 5.8 5.9 * * 5.7 5.8
          Female 18–49 8.7 8.8 * * 8.6 8.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40722

Table 7.97A Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,483b 19,588 374 225 17,085b 19,332
AGE
     18–49 13,619b 14,838 300 214 13,307b 14,610
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 87 86 3,996a 4,326
          26–34 3,590 3,693 * * 3,524 3,613
          35–49 5,944a 6,725 * * 5,787b 6,672
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 6,041a 6,887 268 158 5,769a 6,707
          Male 18–49 4,883 5,129 230 146 4,648 4,977
     Female 18 or Older 11,442b 12,702 * * 11,316b 12,625
          Female 18–49 8,736b 9,710 * * 8,660b 9,633
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40722

Table 7.97B Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 8.3b 9.2 20.8 15.7 8.2b 9.2
AGE
     18–49 10.4b 11.3 19.9 17.6 10.3b 11.2
          18–25 13.2 13.9 19.3 20.9 13.1 13.8
          26–34 10.2 10.6 * * 10.2 10.5
          35–49 9.1a 10.3 * * 9.0b 10.3
GENDER/AGE
     Male 18 or Older 6.0a 6.7 19.7 13.8 5.8a 6.6
          Male 18–49 7.5 7.9 19.5 14.8 7.3 7.8
     Female 18 or Older 10.5a 11.5 * * 10.4b 11.5
          Female 18–49 13.1b 14.6 * * 13.1b 14.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.98A Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 35,132 34,993 5,857 5,772 29,275 29,220
          12–17 5,494 5,455 1,013 1,045 4,481 4,410
          18–25 11,000 10,976 1,609 1,673 9,391 9,303
          26 or Older 18,639 18,562 3,236 3,054 15,403 15,507
MARIJUANA
     Total 25,755 25,231 4,100 4,120 21,655 21,110
          12–17 3,905 3,745 703 705 3,201 3,039
          18–25 9,238 9,044 1,323 1,326 7,915 7,719
          26 or Older 12,612 12,441 2,073 2,089 10,539 10,352
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 20,423 20,305 3,711 3,393 16,712 16,912
          12–17 3,338 3,351 608 634 2,730 2,716
          18–25 6,277 6,266 914 935 5,364 5,331
          26 or Older 10,808 10,689 2,189 1,823 8,619 8,865
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.98B Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 14.9 14.7 19.2 18.0 14.3 14.2
          12–17 22.2 21.8 25.1 23.6 21.6 21.5
          18–25 35.5 34.6 33.2 32.2 35.9 35.1
          26 or Older 10.4 10.3 14.9 13.6 9.8 9.8
MARIJUANA
     Total 11.0 10.6 13.4 12.8 10.6 10.3
          12–17 15.8 15.0 17.4 15.9 15.5 14.8
          18–25 29.8a 28.5 27.3 25.6 30.2 29.1
          26 or Older 7.0 6.9 9.6 9.3 6.7 6.5
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 8.7 8.5 12.1a 10.6 8.2 8.2
          12–17 13.5 13.4 15.0 14.3 13.2 13.2
          18–25 20.2 19.7 18.8 18.0 20.5 20.1
          26 or Older 6.0 5.9 10.1a 8.1 5.5 5.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.99A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 119,820 118,965 12,020 11,766 107,800 107,199
          12–17 4,365 4,425 632 648 3,733 3,777
          18–25 18,759 19,466 2,368 2,562 16,392 16,904
          26 or Older 96,696 95,073 9,020 8,556 87,676 86,518
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 53,787 53,770 7,139 6,699 46,648 47,072
          12–17 2,641 2,658 411 409 2,230 2,249
          18–25 12,699 13,188 1,586 1,635 11,113 11,553
          26 or Older 38,447 37,924 5,142 4,655 33,305 33,269
CIGARETTES
     Total 61,136 60,434 10,811 10,962 50,325 49,472
          12–17 3,209 3,044 601 639 2,607a 2,404
          18–25 12,650 12,764 2,234 2,245 10,416 10,520
          26 or Older 45,278 44,626 7,976 8,078 37,301 36,549
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.99B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 51.0 50.1 39.3a 36.6 52.7 52.2
          12–17 17.6 17.7 15.6 14.6 18.0 18.4
          18–25 60.5 61.4 48.8 49.4 62.6 63.7
          26 or Older 53.9 52.5 41.6 38.0 55.6 54.6
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 22.9 22.6 23.4a 20.8 22.8 22.9
          12–17 10.7 10.6 10.2 9.2 10.8 10.9
          18–25 40.9 41.6 32.7 31.5 42.5 43.5
          26 or Older 21.4 21.0 23.7a 20.7 21.1 21.0
CIGARETTES
     Total 26.0 25.4 35.4 34.1 24.6 24.1
          12–17 13.0 12.2 14.9 14.4 12.6a 11.7
          18–25 40.8 40.2 46.1 43.3 39.8 39.6
          26 or Older 25.2 24.7 36.8 35.9 23.7 23.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.100A Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 22,006 21,586 3,498 3,469 18,508 18,117
          12–17 2,209 2,214 388 430 1,821 1,783
          18–25 6,733 6,678 890 881 5,843 5,797
          26 or Older 13,064 12,694 2,220 2,157 10,843 10,536
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 7,116 6,835 1,604 1,453 5,512 5,382
          12–17 1,376 1,287 291 291 1,085 996
          18–25 2,548 2,486 418 451 2,130 2,035
          26 or Older 3,192 3,062 895 710 2,297 2,351
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 18,100 17,805 2,546 2,577 15,553 15,228
          12–17 1,453 1,471 226 235 1,227 1,236
          18–25 5,477 5,462 659 637 4,818 4,825
          26 or Older 11,169 10,872 1,662 1,705 9,508 9,167
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 17,483b 19,588 3,821b 4,605 13,662a 14,984
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 814a 957 3,271 3,464
          26 or Older 13,398b 15,168 3,007a 3,648 10,391a 11,520
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.100B Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Participation in One or More Government Assistance Programs and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATED IN ONE OR MORE GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 9.4 9.1 11.4 10.8 9.0 8.8
          12–17 8.9 8.9 9.6 9.7 8.8 8.7
          18–25 21.7 21.0 18.4 17.0 22.3 21.8
          26 or Older 7.3 7.0 10.2 9.6 6.9 6.7
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 3.0 2.9 5.2 4.5 2.7 2.6
          12–17 5.6 5.1 7.2 6.6 5.2 4.8
          18–25 8.2 7.8 8.6 8.7 8.1 7.7
          26 or Older 1.8 1.7 4.1 3.2 1.5 1.5
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 7.7 7.5 8.3 8.0 7.6 7.4
          12–17 5.9 5.9 5.6 5.3 5.9 6.0
          18–25 17.7 17.2 13.6 12.3 18.4 18.2
          26 or Older 6.2 6.0 7.7 7.6 6.0 5.8
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 8.3b 9.2 14.4a 16.6 7.4a 8.1
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 13.2 13.9 16.8 18.4 12.5 13.1
          26 or Older 7.5b 8.4 13.9a 16.2 6.6a 7.3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Household participation in one or more government assistance programs during the prior calendar year is defined as one or more family members receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI), food stamps, cash, or noncash assistance. SSI provides payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Food stamps are government-issued coupons used to purchase food. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance. Noncash assistance refers to receiving assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.101A Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 35,132 34,993 2,269 2,173 32,863 32,820
          12–17 5,494 5,455 390 425 5,104 5,030
          18–25 11,000 10,976 498 532 10,502 10,444
          26 or Older 18,639 18,562 1,381 1,216 17,257 17,346
MARIJUANA
     Total 25,755 25,231 1,533 1,528 24,222 23,703
          12–17 3,905 3,745 274 275 3,631 3,469
          18–25 9,238 9,044 411 409 8,827 8,636
          26 or Older 12,612 12,441 848 844 11,764 11,597
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 20,423 20,305 1,450 1,286 18,973 19,019
          12–17 3,338 3,351 256 274 3,082 3,077
          18–25 6,277 6,266 303 323 5,974 5,943
          26 or Older 10,808 10,689 891 690 9,917 9,999
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.101B Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 14.9 14.7 14.4 14.0 15.0 14.8
          12–17 22.2 21.8 24.6 22.5 22.0 21.8
          18–25 35.5 34.6 33.1 32.3 35.6 34.7
          26 or Older 10.4 10.3 10.9 10.1 10.3 10.3
MARIJUANA
     Total 11.0 10.6 9.8 9.8 11.0 10.7
          12–17 15.8 15.0 17.3 14.6 15.7 15.0
          18–25 29.8a 28.5 27.4 24.8 29.9 28.7
          26 or Older 7.0 6.9 6.7 7.0 7.1 6.9
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 8.7 8.5 9.2 8.3 8.6 8.6
          12–17 13.5 13.4 16.1 14.5 13.3 13.3
          18–25 20.2 19.7 20.2 19.6 20.2 19.8
          26 or Older 6.0 5.9 7.1 5.7 5.9 5.9
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.102A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 119,820 118,965 5,711 5,127 114,109 113,838
          12–17 4,365 4,425 240 283 4,125 4,143
          18–25 18,759 19,466 708 731 18,052 18,735
          26 or Older 96,696 95,073 4,764 4,113 91,932 90,960
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 53,787 53,770 3,224 2,712 50,563 51,058
          12–17 2,641 2,658 164 175 2,477 2,484
          18–25 12,699 13,188 498 508 12,201 12,680
          26 or Older 38,447 37,924 2,562 2,030 35,885 35,894
CIGARETTES
     Total 61,136 60,434 4,854 4,693 56,282 55,741
          12–17 3,209 3,044 222 269 2,986a 2,774
          18–25 12,650 12,764 638 638 12,012 12,127
          26 or Older 45,278 44,626 3,994 3,786 41,284 40,841
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.102B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 51.0 50.1 36.4 32.9 52.0 51.3
          12–17 17.6 17.7 15.2 15.0 17.8 17.9
          18–25 60.5 61.4 47.1 44.4 61.1 62.3
          26 or Older 53.9 52.5 37.8 34.2 55.1 53.8
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 22.9 22.6 20.5 17.4 23.0 23.0
          12–17 10.7 10.6 10.4 9.3 10.7 10.7
          18–25 40.9 41.6 33.1 30.9 41.3 42.2
          26 or Older 21.4 21.0 20.3 16.9 21.5 21.2
CIGARETTES
     Total 26.0 25.4 30.9 30.1 25.6 25.1
          12–17 13.0 12.2 14.0 14.3 12.9a 12.0
          18–25 40.8 40.2 42.5 38.8 40.7 40.3
          26 or Older 25.2 24.7 31.7 31.4 24.8 24.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.103A Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 22,006 21,586 1,530 1,314 20,476 20,272
          12–17 2,209 2,214 163 162 2,046 2,052
          18–25 6,733 6,678 304 301 6,430 6,377
          26 or Older 13,064 12,694 1,063 851 12,001 11,843
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 7,116 6,835 606 540 6,510 6,294
          12–17 1,376 1,287 125 111 1,251 1,176
          18–25 2,548 2,486 154 158 2,394 2,328
          26 or Older 3,192 3,062 327 272 2,865 2,790
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 18,100 17,805 1,183 999 16,917 16,806
          12–17 1,453 1,471 100 93 1,353 1,378
          18–25 5,477 5,462 218 219 5,260 5,243
          26 or Older 11,169 10,872 865 686 10,304 10,186
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 17,483b 19,588 1,819 2,236 15,665b 17,352
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 256 297 3,829a 4,123
          26 or Older 13,398b 15,168 1,562 1,939 11,836a 13,229
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.103B Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI)
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 9.4 9.1 9.7 8.4 9.3 9.1
          12–17 8.9 8.9 10.3 8.6 8.8 8.9
          18–25 21.7 21.0 20.2 18.3 21.8 21.2
          26 or Older 7.3 7.0 8.4 7.1 7.2 7.0
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 3.0 2.9 3.9 3.5 3.0 2.8
          12–17 5.6 5.1 7.9 5.9 5.4 5.1
          18–25 8.2 7.8 10.2 9.6 8.1 7.7
          26 or Older 1.8 1.7 2.6 2.3 1.7 1.7
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 7.7 7.5 7.5 6.4 7.7 7.6
          12–17 5.9 5.9 6.3 4.9 5.8 6.0
          18–25 17.7 17.2 14.5 13.3 17.8 17.4
          26 or Older 6.2 6.0 6.9 5.7 6.2 6.0
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 8.3b 9.2 12.9a 16.3 8.0b 8.7
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 13.2 13.9 17.1 18.1 13.0 13.7
          26 or Older 7.5b 8.4 12.4a 16.1 7.1a 7.8
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) during the prior calendar year. SSI is a program that makes assistance payments to low-income, aged, blind, and disabled persons.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.104A Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 35,132 34,993 3,550 3,365 31,582 31,627
          12–17 5,494 5,455 621 662 4,873 4,793
          18–25 11,000 10,976 917 951 10,083 10,025
          26 or Older 18,639 18,562 2,011 1,753 16,627 16,809
MARIJUANA
     Total 25,755 25,231 2,440 2,382 23,315 22,849
          12–17 3,905 3,745 426 448 3,479 3,297
          18–25 9,238 9,044 749 744 8,490 8,300
          26 or Older 12,612 12,441 1,265 1,190 11,347 11,252
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 20,423 20,305 2,311 2,021 18,112 18,284
          12–17 3,338 3,351 354 386 2,983 2,965
          18–25 6,277 6,266 509 529 5,769 5,737
          26 or Older 10,808 10,689 1,448 1,106 9,360 9,583
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.104B Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 14.9 14.7 22.8a 19.9 14.4 14.3
          12–17 22.2 21.8 24.2 23.5 22.0 21.6
          18–25 35.5 34.6 32.4 30.3 35.8 35.1
          26 or Older 10.4 10.3 19.8a 16.0 9.8 9.9
MARIJUANA
     Total 11.0 10.6 15.7 14.1 10.6 10.3
          12–17 15.8 15.0 16.6 15.9 15.7 14.9
          18–25 29.8a 28.5 26.4 23.7 30.1 29.0
          26 or Older 7.0 6.9 12.4 10.9 6.7 6.6
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 8.7 8.5 14.8a 12.0 8.2 8.3
          12–17 13.5 13.4 13.8 13.7 13.4 13.4
          18–25 20.2 19.7 17.9 16.8 20.5 20.1
          26 or Older 6.0 5.9 14.2a 10.1 5.5 5.6
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.105A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 119,820 118,965 5,891 5,903 113,929 113,061
          12–17 4,365 4,425 377 380 3,988 4,045
          18–25 18,759 19,466 1,290a 1,457 17,469 18,009
          26 or Older 96,696 95,073 4,224 4,066 92,472 91,008
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 53,787 53,770 3,860 3,629 49,927 50,141
          12–17 2,641 2,658 237 231 2,404 2,427
          18–25 12,699 13,188 865 915 11,834 12,273
          26 or Older 38,447 37,924 2,758 2,483 35,689 35,441
CIGARETTES
     Total 61,136 60,434 6,295 6,663 54,841 53,772
          12–17 3,209 3,044 390 403 2,819 2,641
          18–25 12,650 12,764 1,348 1,402 11,302 11,362
          26 or Older 45,278 44,626 4,557 4,858 40,720 39,768
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.105B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 51.0 50.1 37.8 35.0 51.9 51.2
          12–17 17.6 17.7 14.7 13.5 18.0 18.2
          18–25 60.5 61.4 45.5 46.4 62.0 63.0
          26 or Older 53.9 52.5 41.5 37.2 54.7 53.5
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 22.9 22.6 24.8a 21.5 22.7 22.7
          12–17 10.7 10.6 9.2 8.2 10.8 10.9
          18–25 40.9 41.6 30.5 29.2 42.0 42.9
          26 or Older 21.4 21.0 27.1a 22.7 21.1 20.8
CIGARETTES
     Total 26.0 25.4 40.4 39.5 25.0 24.4
          12–17 13.0 12.2 15.2 14.3 12.7 11.9
          18–25 40.8 40.2 47.6 44.6 40.1 39.7
          26 or Older 25.2 24.7 44.8 44.5 24.1 23.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.106A Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 22,006 21,586 2,075 2,001 19,931 19,585
          12–17 2,209 2,214 222 274 1,987 1,940
          18–25 6,733 6,678 498 524 6,235 6,154
          26 or Older 13,064 12,694 1,355 1,203 11,709 11,491
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 7,116 6,835 1,059a 832 6,057 6,002
          12–17 1,376 1,287 171 189 1,205 1,098
          18–25 2,548 2,486 247 261 2,301 2,225
          26 or Older 3,192 3,062 641a 382 2,551 2,680
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 18,100 17,805 1,493 1,468 16,606 16,337
          12–17 1,453 1,471 128 146 1,326 1,325
          18–25 5,477 5,462 369 386 5,108 5,076
          26 or Older 11,169 10,872 997 936 10,173 9,936
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 17,483b 19,588 2,432 2,614 15,052b 16,974
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 474b 613 3,611 3,807
          26 or Older 13,398b 15,168 1,957 2,001 11,441b 13,167
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.106B Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Food Stamps and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED FOOD STAMPS
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 9.4 9.1 13.3 11.9 9.1 8.9
          12–17 8.9 8.9 8.6 9.7 9.0 8.7
          18–25 21.7 21.0 17.6 16.7 22.1 21.5
          26 or Older 7.3 7.0 13.3 11.0 6.9 6.8
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 3.0 2.9 6.8b 4.9 2.8 2.7
          12–17 5.6 5.1 6.6 6.7 5.4 5.0
          18–25 8.2 7.8 8.7 8.3 8.2 7.8
          26 or Older 1.8 1.7 6.3b 3.5 1.5 1.6
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 7.7 7.5 9.6 8.7 7.6 7.4
          12–17 5.9 5.9 5.0 5.2 6.0 6.0
          18–25 17.7 17.2 13.0 12.3 18.1 17.8
          26 or Older 6.2 6.0 9.8 8.6 6.0 5.8
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 8.3b 9.2 18.7 18.6 7.6b 8.5
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 13.2 13.9 16.7 19.5 12.8 13.3
          26 or Older 7.5b 8.4 19.2 18.3 6.8b 7.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving food stamps during the prior calendar year. The food stamp program provides government-issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.107A Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 35,132 34,993 1,666 1,604 33,466 33,389
          12–17 5,494 5,455 301 311 5,193 5,144
          18–25 11,000 10,976 472 450 10,528 10,525
          26 or Older 18,639 18,562 893 842 17,745 17,719
MARIJUANA
     Total 25,755 25,231 1,191 1,154 24,564 24,077
          12–17 3,905 3,745 194 211 3,711 3,533
          18–25 9,238 9,044 400 356 8,838 8,688
          26 or Older 12,612 12,441 596 587 12,016 11,855
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 20,423 20,305 1,040 989 19,383 19,316
          12–17 3,338 3,351 186 196 3,151 3,155
          18–25 6,277 6,266 244 237 6,034 6,028
          26 or Older 10,808 10,689 610 556 10,198 10,133
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.107B Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 14.9 14.7 26.3 22.9 14.6 14.5
          12–17 22.2 21.8 25.0 24.6 22.1 21.7
          18–25 35.5 34.6 34.7a 29.5 35.5 34.9
          26 or Older 10.4 10.3 23.7 20.1 10.1 10.0
MARIJUANA
     Total 11.0 10.6 18.8 16.5 10.7 10.4
          12–17 15.8 15.0 16.2 16.7 15.8 14.9
          18–25 29.8a 28.5 29.5a 23.3 29.8 28.8
          26 or Older 7.0 6.9 15.8 14.0 6.8 6.7
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 8.7 8.5 16.4 14.1 8.5 8.4
          12–17 13.5 13.4 15.5 15.5 13.4 13.3
          18–25 20.2 19.7 17.9 15.5 20.3 20.0
          26 or Older 6.0 5.9 16.2 13.2 5.8 5.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.108A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 119,820 118,965 2,545 2,727 117,275 116,237
          12–17 4,365 4,425 156 182 4,209 4,244
          18–25 18,759 19,466 627 721 18,133 18,745
          26 or Older 96,696 95,073 1,763 1,825 94,933 93,249
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 53,787 53,770 1,601 1,701 52,186 52,069
          12–17 2,641 2,658 105 121 2,536 2,538
          18–25 12,699 13,188 416 437 12,282 12,751
          26 or Older 38,447 37,924 1,080 1,143 37,367 36,781
CIGARETTES
     Total 61,136 60,434 2,627 2,860 58,510 57,575
          12–17 3,209 3,044 168 191 3,040 2,852
          18–25 12,650 12,764 644 709 12,006 12,055
          26 or Older 45,278 44,626 1,815 1,959 43,463 42,667
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.108B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 51.0 50.1 40.2 39.0 51.3 50.4
          12–17 17.6 17.7 13.0 14.3 17.9 17.9
          18–25 60.5 61.4 46.2 47.2 61.1 62.1
          26 or Older 53.9 52.5 46.7 43.4 54.1 52.8
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 22.9 22.6 25.3 24.3 22.8 22.6
          12–17 10.7 10.6 8.7 9.5 10.8 10.7
          18–25 40.9 41.6 30.7 28.6 41.4 42.2
          26 or Older 21.4 21.0 28.6 27.2 21.3 20.8
CIGARETTES
     Total 26.0 25.4 41.5 40.9 25.6 25.0
          12–17 13.0 12.2 14.0 15.1 12.9a 12.0
          18–25 40.8 40.2 47.4 46.4 40.5 39.9
          26 or Older 25.2 24.7 48.1 46.6 24.8 24.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.109A Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 22,006 21,586 871 977 21,135 20,609
          12–17 2,209 2,214 120 142 2,089 2,071
          18–25 6,733 6,678 234 247 6,499 6,432
          26 or Older 13,064 12,694 517 588 12,546 12,106
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 7,116 6,835 453 429 6,663 6,406
          12–17 1,376 1,287 91 101 1,285 1,186
          18–25 2,548 2,486 112 115 2,436 2,371
          26 or Older 3,192 3,062 250 214 2,942 2,848
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 18,100 17,805 589 719 17,511 17,086
          12–17 1,453 1,471 65 70 1,388 1,401
          18–25 5,477 5,462 164 175 5,314 5,287
          26 or Older 11,169 10,872 360 474 10,809 10,398
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 17,483b 19,588 940 1,073 16,543b 18,515
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 245 293 3,840a 4,127
          26 or Older 13,398b 15,168 695 780 12,703b 14,388
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.109B Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Cash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED CASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 9.4 9.1 13.8 14.0 9.2 8.9
          12–17 8.9 8.9 10.0 11.2 8.9 8.7
          18–25 21.7 21.0 17.3 16.1 21.9 21.3
          26 or Older 7.3 7.0 13.7 14.0 7.1 6.8
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 3.0 2.9 7.2 6.1 2.9 2.8
          12–17 5.6 5.1 7.6 7.9 5.5 5.0
          18–25 8.2 7.8 8.2 7.5 8.2 7.9
          26 or Older 1.8 1.7 6.6 5.1 1.7 1.6
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 7.7 7.5 9.3 10.3 7.7 7.4
          12–17 5.9 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.9 5.9
          18–25 17.7 17.2 12.0 11.5 17.9 17.5
          26 or Older 6.2 6.0 9.6 11.3 6.2 5.9
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 8.3b 9.2 18.3 18.7 8.1b 8.9
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 13.2 13.9 18.0 19.2 12.9 13.7
          26 or Older 7.5b 8.4 18.4 18.6 7.2b 8.1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving cash assistance during the prior calendar year. Cash assistance refers to receiving cash due to low income, such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), welfare, or public assistance.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.110A Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 35,132 34,993 1,729 1,844 33,403 33,148
          12–17 5,494 5,455 291 253 5,203 5,202
          18–25 11,000 10,976 583 645 10,416 10,331
          26 or Older 18,639 18,562 854 946 17,785 17,616
MARIJUANA
     Total 25,755 25,231 1,267 1,381 24,488 23,849
          12–17 3,905 3,745 199 182 3,706 3,563
          18–25 9,238 9,044 483 525 8,755 8,520
          26 or Older 12,612 12,441 585 675 12,027 11,767
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 20,423 20,305 1,031 1,055 19,392 19,251
          12–17 3,338 3,351 166 135 3,172 3,215
          18–25 6,277 6,266 311 335 5,967 5,931
          26 or Older 10,808 10,689 555 584 10,253 10,104
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.110B Any Illicit Drug Use, Marijuana Use, and Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Year Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ANY ILLICIT DRUG1
     Total 14.9 14.7 24.0 23.2 14.7 14.4
          12–17 22.2 21.8 25.0 22.3 22.1 21.8
          18–25 35.5 34.6 36.0 34.3 35.4 34.6
          26 or Older 10.4 10.3 19.4 19.1 10.2 10.0
MARIJUANA
     Total 11.0 10.6 17.6 17.3 10.7 10.4
          12–17 15.8 15.0 17.1 16.0 15.7 14.9
          18–25 29.8a 28.5 29.8 27.9 29.8 28.5
          26 or Older 7.0 6.9 13.3 13.6 6.9 6.7
ANY ILLICIT DRUG OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1
     Total 8.7 8.5 14.3 13.2 8.5 8.4
          12–17 13.5 13.4 14.2 11.9 13.4 13.5
          18–25 20.2 19.7 19.2 17.8 20.3 19.9
          26 or Older 6.0 5.9 12.6 11.8 5.9 5.7
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.111A Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 119,820 118,965 3,042 3,465 116,778 115,499
          12–17 4,365 4,425 188 170 4,177 4,255
          18–25 18,759 19,466 859b 1,059 17,900 18,407
          26 or Older 96,696 95,073 1,995 2,236 94,701 92,838
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 53,787 53,770 1,964 2,037 51,824 51,734
          12–17 2,641 2,658 118 109 2,523 2,549
          18–25 12,699 13,188 532 611 12,166 12,577
          26 or Older 38,447 37,924 1,313 1,316 37,134 36,607
CIGARETTES
     Total 61,136 60,434 2,910 3,017 58,226 57,418
          12–17 3,209 3,044 180 175 3,029 2,869
          18–25 12,650 12,764 761 847 11,889 11,917
          26 or Older 45,278 44,626 1,970 1,995 43,308 42,631
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.111B Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Past Month Drug/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
ALCOHOL
     Total 51.0 50.1 42.3 43.5 51.2 50.3
          12–17 17.6 17.7 16.1 15.0 17.7 17.8
          18–25 60.5 61.4 53.0 56.4 60.9 61.7
          26 or Older 53.9 52.5 45.2 45.2 54.1 52.7
BINGE ALCOHOL1
     Total 22.9 22.6 27.3 25.6 22.7 22.5
          12–17 10.7 10.6 10.1 9.6 10.7 10.7
          18–25 40.9 41.6 32.9 32.5 41.4 42.1
          26 or Older 21.4 21.0 29.8 26.6 21.2 20.8
CIGARETTES
     Total 26.0 25.4 40.4 37.9 25.5 25.0
          12–17 13.0 12.2 15.4 15.4 12.8a 12.0
          18–25 40.8 40.2 47.0 45.1 40.4 39.9
          26 or Older 25.2 24.7 44.7 40.3 24.8 24.2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking 5 or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.112A Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 22,006 21,586 930 1,070 21,076 20,516
          12–17 2,209 2,214 114 116 2,095 2,097
          18–25 6,733 6,678 279 328 6,454 6,350
          26 or Older 13,064 12,694 538 626 12,526 12,068
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 7,116 6,835 471 493 6,645 6,341
          12–17 1,376 1,287 84 83 1,291 1,204
          18–25 2,548 2,486 131 182 2,417 2,304
          26 or Older 3,192 3,062 256 229 2,936 2,833
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 18,100 17,805 592 744 17,508 17,061
          12–17 1,453 1,471 68 63 1,386 1,408
          18–25 5,477 5,462 199 223 5,278 5,239
          26 or Older 11,169 10,872 325 458 10,844 10,414
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 17,483b 19,588 1,003b 1,436 16,480b 18,153
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 4,085a 4,420 280b 399 3,805 4,021
          26 or Older 13,398b 15,168 722a 1,037 12,676a 14,132
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40715

Table 7.112B Substance Dependence or Abuse and Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Household Receipt of Noncash Assistance and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Dependence or Abuse/Serious Mental Illness/Age Total HOUSEHOLD RECEIVED NONCASH ASSISTANCE
Yes No
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG OR ALCOHOL1
     Total 9.4 9.1 12.9 13.4 9.2 8.9
          12–17 8.9 8.9 9.7 10.3 8.9 8.8
          18–25 21.7 21.0 17.2 17.4 22.0 21.3
          26 or Older 7.3 7.0 12.2 12.6 7.2 6.9
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ANY ILLICIT DRUG1,2
     Total 3.0 2.9 6.5 6.2 2.9 2.8
          12–17 5.6 5.1 7.2 7.3 5.5 5.0
          18–25 8.2 7.8 8.1 9.7 8.2 7.7
          26 or Older 1.8 1.7 5.8 4.6 1.7 1.6
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE FOR ALCOHOL1
     Total 7.7 7.5 8.2 9.3 7.7 7.4
          12–17 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.5 5.9 5.9
          18–25 17.7 17.2 12.3 11.9 18.0 17.6
          26 or Older 6.2 6.0 7.4 9.3 6.2 5.9
SERIOUS MENTAL ILLNESS3
     Total 8.3b 9.2 16.6a 21.0 8.1b 8.8
          12–17 -- -- -- -- -- --
          18–25 13.2 13.9 17.3a 21.2 12.9 13.5
          26 or Older 7.5b 8.4 16.4 20.9 7.2a 8.0
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: One or more household family members reported receiving noncash assistance during the prior calendar year. Noncash assistance refers to assistance due to low income, such as help getting a job, placement in an education or job training program, or help with transportation, child care, or housing.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
3 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. See Section B.4 of Appendix B of the Results from the 2003 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40730

Table 7.113A Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Past Month Cigarette Use and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2002 and 2003
Level of Alcohol Use/Cigarette Use Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 19,522 19,470 2,878 2,811 6,264 6,435 10,380 10,224
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 5,178 5,247 422 421 2,277 2,336 2,479 2,490
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 6,307 6,216 887 913 2,255 2,307 3,165 2,997
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 3,853 4,136 435 428 906 1,013 2,512 2,694
     No Alcohol Use 4,185 3,871 1,134 1,049 827 778 2,224 2,043
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 11,916 11,974 1,543 1,473 4,500 4,490 5,873 6,011
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 3,911 3,951 334 342 1,820 1,801 1,757 1,808
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 4,150 4,102 583 579 1,628 1,633 1,939 1,890
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 1,996 2,086 236 218 593 630 1,167 1,237
     No Alcohol Use 1,858 1,836 390 335 459 426 1,009 1,075
NO PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 7,606 7,496 1,335 1,338 1,764 1,945 4,507 4,213
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,267 1,296 88 79 457 535 722 682
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 2,157 2,114 304 334 627 674 1,226 1,106
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 1,856 2,050 199 210 313 383 1,345 1,457
     No Alcohol Use 2,326 2,035 744 715 368 353 1,214 968
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

40730

Table 7.113B Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use and Past Month Cigarette Use and Age Group: Percentages, 2002 and 2003
Level of Alcohol Use/Cigarette Use Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003 2002 2003
TOTAL 8.3 8.2 11.6 11.2 20.2 20.3 5.8 5.6
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 32.6 32.5 67.0 64.5 49.2 48.8 23.4 23.3
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 16.6 16.5 44.1 45.5 27.9 27.5 11.4 11.0
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 5.8 6.3 25.2 24.2 14.9 16.1 4.3 4.7
     No Alcohol Use 3.6 3.3 5.6 5.1 6.7 6.3 2.7 2.4
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 19.5 19.8 48.1 48.4 35.6 35.2 13.0 13.5
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 40.2 39.7 74.5 72.4 55.3 53.2 29.4 29.6
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 25.0 25.2 59.1 59.9 36.3 35.7 17.4 17.6
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 13.9 15.5 51.5 50.8 28.0 30.4 9.9 11.3
     No Alcohol Use 9.1 8.9 29.6 28.5 16.7 15.6 6.2 6.4
NO PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 4.4 4.2 6.2 6.1 9.6 10.3 3.4 3.1
     Heavy Alcohol Use1 20.6 20.9 48.4 43.8 34.3 38.1 15.6 14.8
     Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 10.1 9.9 29.7 32.1 17.4 17.6 7.3 6.7
     Alcohol Use But Not Binge Use1 3.6 4.0 15.7 15.7 7.9 9.1 2.9 3.2
     No Alcohol Use 2.5 2.1 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.7 1.8 1.4
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
aDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
bDifference between estimate and 2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

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