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2001 State Estimates of Substance Use

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Appendix C: State-by-State Model-Based Tables

States  (each has 2 tables of data)

A   B      E     G   H   I   J   K       N   O   P   Q     S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

A

30120

ALABAMA

Table C.1 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Alabama, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 210 34 73 103
     Past Month Marijuana Use 152 22 58 72
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
98 18 33 47
     Past Year Cocaine Use 55 5 20 29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,853 158 172 1,524
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 19 26 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,346 55 239 1,053
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 665 38 151 477
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,822 169 197 1,456
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,121 61 201 859
     Past Month Cigarette Use 907 49 172 686
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,508 223 304 1,982
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 40 6 17 16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 65 12 27 26
     Alcohol Dependence 87 8 23 56
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 187 19 56 112
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 223 27 67 129
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 59 12 26 22
     Serious Mental Illness7 2427 -- 54 188
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ALABAMA

Table C.2 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Alabama, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.77 9.48 15.21 3.69
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.17 5.98 12.09 2.58
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.70 5.04 6.91 1.68
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.50 1.47 4.16 1.05
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
50.98 43.43 35.95 54.52
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.33 5.35 5.44 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.02 15.14 49.89 37.65
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.29 10.43 31.51 17.05
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
50.11 46.64 41.13 52.09
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.82 16.71 42.08 30.72
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.95 13.62 35.88 24.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.98 61.41 63.45 70.90
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.09 1.67 3.65 0.58
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.79 3.43 5.58 0.94
     Alcohol Dependence 2.39 2.15 4.81 2.00
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.14 5.24 11.62 4.02
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.13 7.41 13.96 4.63
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.63 3.32 5.37 0.77
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.407 -- 11.25 6.74
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ALASKA

Table C.3 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Alaska, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 45 8 16 21
     Past Month Marijuana Use 34 6 14 14
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
14 3 5 6
     Past Year Cocaine Use 11 1 4 5
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
174 20 16 138
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 5 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 240 10 41 188
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 98 6 26 66
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
218 26 27 165
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 149 13 35 101
     Past Month Cigarette Use 117 10 31 76
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
337 40 48 249
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 7 2 3 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 12 3 5 4
     Alcohol Dependence 13 2 4 7
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 34 4 12 18
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 38 6 14 19
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 11 3 4 4
     Serious Mental Illness7 297 -- 8 21
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ALASKA

Table C.4 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Alaska, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.22 11.81 21.94 6.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.09 9.88 19.06 4.04
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.96 4.13 7.32 1.82
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.18 1.72 5.70 1.51
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
35.81 31.16 21.74 39.66
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.28 7.05 6.92 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.40 16.00 55.98 54.17
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.19 9.83 35.42 18.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.83 39.87 36.88 47.43
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.73 19.64 47.88 29.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.12 15.32 42.43 21.85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.28 62.23 64.89 71.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.43 2.53 3.98 0.69
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.49 4.53 6.93 1.18
     Alcohol Dependence 2.69 2.86 5.18 2.13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.00 6.42 16.24 5.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.90 8.60 18.54 5.52
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.23 4.63 5.88 1.02
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.057 -- 10.70 6.23
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ARIZONA

Table C.5 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Arizona, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 262 49 85 128
     Past Month Marijuana Use 179 33 65 82
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
135 26 42 67
     Past Year Cocaine Use 91 13 35 43
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,694 149 155 1,390
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 59 30 25 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,951 76 287 1,588
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 843 49 192 602
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,768 184 195 1,389
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,090 58 212 819
     Past Month Cigarette Use 904 53 194 657
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,799 286 351 2,163
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 63 12 21 30
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 101 24 31 46
     Alcohol Dependence 100 11 25 64
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 233 25 68 140
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 288 37 83 167
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 88 22 28 38
     Serious Mental Illness7 2897 -- 65 224
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ARIZONA

Table C.6 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Arizona, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.69 11.13 16.07 4.35
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.57 7.39 12.25 2.78
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.44 5.93 7.91 2.27
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 2.97 6.61 1.47
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
43.24 33.76 29.45 47.12
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.64 6.83 4.71 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.80 17.27 54.54 53.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.52 11.20 36.38 20.41
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.12 41.76 36.93 47.08
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.81 13.24 40.20 27.77
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.07 12.02 36.82 22.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.45 64.87 66.62 73.29
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.61 2.67 3.99 1.02
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.58 5.52 5.79 1.57
     Alcohol Dependence 2.55 2.47 4.78 2.16
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.94 5.69 12.87 4.73
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.34 8.50 15.78 5.67
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.25 4.95 5.35 1.30
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.197 -- 12.02 7.50
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ARKANSAS

Table C.7 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Arkansas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 143 25 51 67
     Past Month Marijuana Use 106 16 41 50
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
68 14 23 31
     Past Year Cocaine Use 34 3 12 18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,041 89 89 863
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 14 16 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 805 38 138 629
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 410 25 98 288
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,048 99 101 848
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 716 41 132 542
     Past Month Cigarette Use 599 33 110 456
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,418 138 172 1,108
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 31 5 12 14
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 53 11 21 20
     Alcohol Dependence 50 5 16 29
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 113 13 36 64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 141 19 46 75
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 45 10 21 14
     Serious Mental Illness7 1567 -- 36 121
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ARKANSAS

Table C.8 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Arkansas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.69 11.40 18.27 4.08
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.97 7.22 14.50 3.03
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.16 6.14 8.09 1.91
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.58 1.49 4.40 1.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
48.69 39.97 31.77 52.77
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.53 6.32 5.59 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.61 16.89 48.97 38.48
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.17 11.15 34.76 17.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.99 44.32 36.01 51.85
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.45 18.21 47.11 33.18
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.99 14.64 39.16 27.89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.30 61.95 61.32 67.75
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.45 2.24 4.26 0.87
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.47 5.02 7.58 1.25
     Alcohol Dependence 2.33 2.18 5.54 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.28 5.96 12.82 3.89
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.56 8.54 16.42 4.61
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.09 4.49 7.35 0.86
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.247 -- 12.62 7.48
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

C

30120

CALIFORNIA

Table C.9 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in California, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 2,159 312 642 1,205
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,578 231 531 816
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
918 138 260 520
     Past Year Cocaine Use 536 56 194 287
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
10,847 977 1,156 8,713
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 373 174 168 30
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 12,579 419 1,953 10,207
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 5,067 261 1,190 3,615
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
13,652 1,290 1,573 10,788
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 6,275 279 1,215 4,782
     Past Month Cigarette Use 5,637 246 1,099 4,292
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
19,863 1,889 2,659 15,315
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 548 85 170 293
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 779 154 254 371
     Alcohol Dependence 696 50 180 466
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,583 140 453 990
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2,007 228 585 1,195
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 708 147 240 321
     Serious Mental Illness7 1,7427 -- 372 1,369
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

CALIFORNIA

Table C.10 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in California, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.16 11.06 17.45 6.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.96 8.16 14.45 4.09
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.47 4.90 7.07 2.60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.02 1.97 5.27 1.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
40.98 34.61 31.45 43.64
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.59 6.17 4.58 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.53 14.83 53.14 51.12
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.14 9.24 32.38 18.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
51.58 45.68 42.80 54.03
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 23.71 9.87 33.05 23.95
     Past Month Cigarette Use 21.30 8.71 29.90 21.49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
75.05 66.88 72.32 76.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.07 3.01 4.62 1.47
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.94 5.46 6.90 1.86
     Alcohol Dependence 2.63 1.75 4.90 2.33
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.98 4.96 12.31 4.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.58 8.06 15.90 5.98
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.68 5.22 6.52 1.61
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.147 -- 9.70 6.66
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

COLORADO

Table C.11 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Colorado, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 316 49 117 150
     Past Month Marijuana Use 254 40 98 116
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
117 20 44 53
     Past Year Cocaine Use 95 8 41 46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,170 103 94 972
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 60 28 28 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,981 73 301 1,607
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 752 46 210 496
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,449 145 135 1,169
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,019 67 231 720
     Past Month Cigarette Use 827 56 208 562
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,342 231 273 1,838
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 57 11 24 23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 89 21 33 36
     Alcohol Dependence 87 7 27 53
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 231 24 81 126
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 273 34 94 144
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 84 19 31 35
     Serious Mental Illness7 2157 -- 54 161
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

COLORADO

Table C.12 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Colorado, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.24 13.50 25.42 5.79
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.43 10.96 21.32 4.49
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.42 5.49 9.63 2.03
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.79 2.22 9.01 1.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
34.23 28.42 20.56 37.47
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.95 7.57 6.12 0.18
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.98 20.16 65.67 61.93
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.02 12.67 45.81 19.13
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.40 39.69 29.48 45.06
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.81 18.50 50.38 27.76
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.20 15.50 45.46 21.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.55 63.48 59.58 70.85
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.67 2.97 5.14 0.88
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.62 5.73 7.19 1.38
     Alcohol Dependence 2.54 2.01 5.87 2.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.75 6.49 17.70 4.86
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.98 9.32 20.60 5.56
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.47 5.16 6.70 1.34
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.047 -- 11.64 6.22
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

CONNECTICUT

Table C.13 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Connecticut, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 204 35 70 99
     Past Month Marijuana Use 170 29 62 79
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
78 16 23 39
     Past Year Cocaine Use 48 5 16 27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
942 78 63 801
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 43 19 21 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,618 58 205 1,354
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 605 39 140 426
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,162 108 104 950
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 763 49 142 572
     Past Month Cigarette Use 681 46 132 503
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,896 168 188 1,540
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 52 9 16 27
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 74 17 24 33
     Alcohol Dependence 64 6 17 42
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 176 17 49 110
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 230 27 66 137
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 62 14 21 26
     Serious Mental Illness7 1457 -- 35 110
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

CONNECTICUT

Table C.14 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Connecticut, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.50 13.23 23.09 4.61
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.26 10.76 20.73 3.68
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.86 5.98 7.52 1.82
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.72 5.35 1.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
34.71 29.09 20.94 37.34
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.68 7.11 7.03 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.63 21.79 68.09 63.16
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.28 14.62 46.41 19.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.83 40.40 34.52 44.29
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.13 18.45 47.02 26.69
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.10 17.24 43.99 23.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.89 62.63 62.50 71.83
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 3.26 5.45 1.27
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.74 6.53 8.00 1.53
     Alcohol Dependence 2.37 2.17 5.59 1.95
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.50 6.43 16.25 5.14
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.46 9.90 21.86 6.41
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.28 5.40 7.09 1.21
     Serious Mental Illness7 5.927 -- 11.99 5.09
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

D

30120

DELAWARE

Table C.15 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Delaware, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 48 8 17 23
     Past Month Marijuana Use 40 6 15 19
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
19 3 6 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 1 5 8
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
233 20 20 193
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 5 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 348 12 49 287
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 136 7 32 97
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
279 26 27 226
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 186 11 37 139
     Past Month Cigarette Use 161 10 34 118
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
444 39 51 353
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 12 2 4 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 3 6 8
     Alcohol Dependence 15 1 4 10
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 38 3 11 24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 47 5 14 28
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 13 3 5 5
     Serious Mental Illness7 397 -- 10 29
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

DELAWARE

Table C.16 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Delaware, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.62 12.09 21.90 4.76
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.38 9.56 19.22 3.92
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.93 5.08 7.74 1.88
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.20 1.28 6.19 1.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
36.87 32.52 25.25 39.29
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.12 8.66 7.98 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.06 18.43 62.63 58.50
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.51 10.74 40.35 19.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.19 41.19 34.76 46.08
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.47 17.42 46.55 28.27
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.49 15.36 42.48 24.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.22 62.09 65.27 72.05
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.85 2.52 5.29 1.22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.56 4.84 7.08 1.55
     Alcohol Dependence 2.42 1.92 4.82 2.10
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.04 4.78 13.59 5.00
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.44 8.20 17.12 5.80
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.98 4.54 5.93 1.02
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.787 -- 12.42 5.88
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table C.17 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in District of Columbia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 34 4 10 20
     Past Month Marijuana Use 25 3 8 14
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
15 2 4 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 11 0 3 8
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
164 12 13 139
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 2 4 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 213 5 34 175
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 93 3 21 69
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
219 18 23 178
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 122 4 21 97
     Past Month Cigarette Use 107 3 19 85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
306 23 40 242
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 8 1 3 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11 1 3 6
     Alcohol Dependence 15 0 3 11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 32 1 9 22
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 38 2 10 26
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 9 1 3 5
     Serious Mental Illness7 287 -- 5 23
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table C.18 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in District of Columbia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.12 10.36 19.21 6.07
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.92 7.37 14.86 4.30
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.45 4.23 7.08 2.77
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.62 0.73 4.66 2.49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
38.56 33.78 23.08 41.61
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.62 5.76 6.97 0.22
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.19 13.51 61.55 52.33
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.96 7.29 39.02 20.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
51.52 50.48 41.46 53.28
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.79 11.27 38.96 29.04
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.23 9.21 34.40 25.48
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.06 64.96 73.95 72.53
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 2.03 4.90 1.41
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.53 3.87 6.08 1.80
     Alcohol Dependence 3.43 1.33 4.92 3.42
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.55 4.07 15.64 6.61
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.07 6.66 19.22 7.67
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.14 3.82 5.73 1.37
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.977 -- 10.01 6.53
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

F

30120

FLORIDA

Table C.19 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Florida, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 771 119 223 428
     Past Month Marijuana Use 600 90 183 327
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
312 52 100 160
     Past Year Cocaine Use 187 17 65 106
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
6,048 501 480 5,067
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 156 78 66 12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 6,154 192 746 5,216
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,401 110 464 1,826
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,334 554 590 5,189
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,664 158 574 2,931
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,126 136 505 2,485
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
9,140 825 944 7,371
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 157 24 60 73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 241 47 91 104
     Alcohol Dependence 288 17 64 207
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 700 48 173 479
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 836 77 219 540
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 216 43 83 90
     Serious Mental Illness7 7937 -- 169 624
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

FLORIDA

Table C.20 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Florida, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.03 9.87 15.98 4.21
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.70 7.46 13.11 3.21
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.44 4.33 7.16 1.57
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.46 1.39 4.63 1.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
47.30 41.42 34.42 49.76
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.32 6.46 4.73 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.13 15.85 53.50 51.23
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.78 9.12 33.29 17.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
49.54 45.82 42.33 50.97
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.65 13.08 41.14 28.79
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.44 11.21 36.18 24.41
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.48 68.21 67.64 72.40
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.23 1.98 4.27 0.72
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.89 3.87 6.49 1.02
     Alcohol Dependence 2.25 1.43 4.56 2.03
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.47 3.95 12.39 4.71
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.54 6.38 15.69 5.31
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.69 3.56 5.92 0.89
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.817 -- 11.91 6.11
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

G

30120

GEORGIA

Table C.21 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Georgia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 394 57 136 200
     Past Month Marijuana Use 296 37 113 146
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
174 31 55 88
     Past Year Cocaine Use 110 9 43 59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,883 248 250 2,385
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 86 35 43 7
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,730 104 450 2,177
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,272 61 292 920
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,169 330 347 2,492
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,063 102 372 1,589
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,587 83 317 1,187
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
4,522 444 570 3,509
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 75 12 29 35
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 128 24 48 55
     Alcohol Dependence 150 9 38 103
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 310 25 99 187
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 386 41 121 224
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 113 24 46 43
     Serious Mental Illness7 5007 -- 109 391
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

GEORGIA

Table C.22 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Georgia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.13 8.28 15.72 4.12
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.61 5.41 13.02 3.00
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.70 4.56 6.30 1.80
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.72 1.32 4.91 1.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
44.96 36.01 28.84 49.10
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.44 5.10 4.99 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 42.58 15.13 51.81 44.80
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.84 8.80 33.60 18.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
49.42 47.99 40.00 51.30
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.16 14.86 42.80 32.71
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.74 12.06 36.53 24.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.51 64.53 65.63 72.23
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.17 1.72 3.32 0.71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.99 3.54 5.51 1.14
     Alcohol Dependence 2.34 1.35 4.41 2.11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.84 3.59 11.37 3.85
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.01 5.95 13.95 4.60
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.77 3.43 5.34 0.89
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.667 -- 12.46 7.98
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

H

30120

HAWAII

Table C.23 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Hawaii, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 71 11 22 38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 55 9 18 29
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
26 5 8 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 12 2 4 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
378 28 29 321
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 7 7 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 414 15 66 333
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 178 10 40 128
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
416 41 37 338
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 218 12 45 161
     Past Month Cigarette Use 198 10 45 142
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
654 58 76 519
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 13 3 4 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 19 5 7 8
     Alcohol Dependence 21 2 6 12
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 55 6 19 31
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 65 9 21 35
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 17 5 6 7
     Serious Mental Illness7 437 -- 13 31
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

HAWAII

Table C.24 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Hawaii, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.45 11.79 19.08 5.11
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.82 9.32 15.11 3.95
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.69 5.15 6.96 1.73
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.23 1.69 3.79 0.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
39.69 31.15 24.93 43.03
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.62 7.62 5.99 0.08
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 43.50 16.70 56.46 44.76
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.71 10.71 34.64 17.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.66 44.44 32.26 45.34
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 22.85 12.99 38.81 21.58
     Past Month Cigarette Use 20.74 11.51 39.16 19.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.69 64.03 65.90 69.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.35 2.90 3.62 0.80
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.03 5.39 5.80 1.04
     Alcohol Dependence 2.17 2.10 5.57 1.65
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.82 6.89 16.08 4.10
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.78 9.72 17.68 4.72
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.81 5.39 4.89 0.89
     Serious Mental Illness7 5.127 -- 10.74 4.21
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

I

30120

IDAHO

Table C.25 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Idaho, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 57 10 22 25
     Past Month Marijuana Use 46 8 20 19
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
23 5 8 10
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 2 6 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
459 51 47 361
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 17 7 9 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 443 19 84 340
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 208 14 59 135
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
476 54 56 366
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 301 17 67 217
     Past Month Cigarette Use 244 14 59 171
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
732 87 106 539
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 14 3 7 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 22 6 10 7
     Alcohol Dependence 27 3 10 15
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 60 7 24 30
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 70 10 27 33
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 21 5 10 6
     Serious Mental Illness7 747 -- 22 53
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

IDAHO

Table C.26 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Idaho, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.36 8.04 13.37 3.23
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.37 6.07 11.94 2.49
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.21 3.97 5.08 1.32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.30 1.74 3.58 0.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
43.30 40.11 28.95 46.85
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.68 5.56 5.26 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 41.72 14.77 51.43 44.08
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.62 10.75 36.24 17.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.82 42.27 34.19 47.48
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.33 13.00 41.17 28.14
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.01 10.97 36.21 22.20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.99 68.33 64.87 69.96
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.31 2.23 4.04 0.59
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.10 4.55 5.93 0.89
     Alcohol Dependence 2.55 2.09 5.94 1.91
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.67 5.54 14.39 3.85
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.56 7.70 16.34 4.31
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.96 4.15 5.98 0.75
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.137 -- 13.32 7.01
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ILLINOIS

Table C.27 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Illinois, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 704 110 245 349
     Past Month Marijuana Use 551 84 218 248
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
284 43 80 161
     Past Year Cocaine Use 179 12 66 102
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
4,170 382 363 3,425
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 165 69 85 11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,041 190 788 4,064
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,364 116 554 1,694
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
4,341 431 444 3,466
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,084 167 621 2,296
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,623 143 564 1,915
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,701 643 809 5,249
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 149 24 59 66
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 232 41 93 97
     Alcohol Dependence 256 16 81 159
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 637 48 197 392
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 740 72 241 428
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 206 38 87 81
     Serious Mental Illness7 6147 -- 165 449
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

ILLINOIS

Table C.28 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Illinois, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.17 10.79 18.88 4.65
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.60 8.27 16.81 3.31
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.89 4.25 6.16 2.14
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.83 1.13 5.05 1.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
42.45 37.53 27.94 45.62
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.76 6.75 6.57 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.32 18.61 60.70 54.14
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.07 11.42 42.66 22.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.19 42.29 34.19 46.17
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.40 16.42 47.86 30.58
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.70 14.09 43.47 25.51
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.21 63.17 62.33 69.91
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.52 2.32 4.55 0.88
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.36 4.05 7.18 1.30
     Alcohol Dependence 2.60 1.59 6.23 2.12
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.48 4.72 15.15 5.22
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.54 7.03 18.57 5.70
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.10 3.76 6.72 1.08
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.947 -- 12.79 5.94
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

INDIANA

Table C.29 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Indiana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 258 46 92 119
     Past Month Marijuana Use 193 37 75 81
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
126 23 42 60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 72 9 32 31
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,199 209 187 1,803
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 71 32 34 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,051 69 344 1,638
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 936 42 222 671
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,180 215 229 1,735
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,624 91 307 1,226
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,349 77 264 1,008
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,347 322 409 2,616
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 66 11 29 27
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 100 22 41 37
     Alcohol Dependence 106 9 31 66
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 245 27 80 138
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 297 39 103 156
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 90 21 39 30
     Serious Mental Illness7 3017 -- 72 228
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

INDIANA

Table C.30 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Indiana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.23 9.03 14.02 3.17
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.92 7.23 11.41 2.16
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.55 4.53 6.44 1.60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.46 1.69 4.87 0.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
44.62 40.53 28.42 48.02
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.48 6.17 5.18 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 41.62 13.35 52.19 43.63
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.99 8.25 33.71 17.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.23 41.86 34.79 46.20
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.94 17.60 46.61 32.64
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.36 14.96 40.02 26.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.90 62.65 61.97 69.66
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.35 2.11 4.32 0.72
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.02 4.19 6.24 0.99
     Alcohol Dependence 2.15 1.66 4.75 1.77
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.96 5.23 12.16 3.66
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.03 7.53 15.59 4.15
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.82 4.04 5.86 0.81
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.847 -- 11.04 6.11
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

IOWA

Table C.31 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Iowa, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 106 19 42 45
     Past Month Marijuana Use 83 14 37 32
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
49 10 16 23
     Past Year Cocaine Use 33 4 13 15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,105 110 101 894
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 31 13 16 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,193 44 214 936
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 522 29 149 344
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
979 101 89 789
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 724 42 155 527
     Past Month Cigarette Use 591 37 138 416
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,607 160 190 1,257
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 23 6 9 8
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 34 10 13 11
     Alcohol Dependence 57 7 21 30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 156 17 56 83
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 168 22 64 82
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 32 9 13 10
     Serious Mental Illness7 1467 -- 35 111
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

IOWA

Table C.32 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Iowa, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.47 7.67 13.17 2.49
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.49 5.44 11.57 1.79
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.05 4.08 4.98 1.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.38 1.54 4.23 0.85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
46.42 43.55 31.54 49.45
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.31 5.02 5.08 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.15 17.22 67.03 51.76
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.94 11.64 46.62 19.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.15 40.06 27.90 43.64
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.44 16.56 48.68 29.15
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.83 14.56 43.15 23.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.53 63.31 59.62 69.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 0.95 2.19 2.87 0.44
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.43 3.79 4.22 0.61
     Alcohol Dependence 2.40 2.71 6.45 1.64
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.56 6.80 17.46 4.60
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.06 8.70 20.14 4.53
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.35 3.53 4.00 0.57
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.927 -- 10.97 6.20
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

K

30120

KANSAS

Table C.33 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Kansas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 132 27 51 53
     Past Month Marijuana Use 101 19 43 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
63 12 19 32
     Past Year Cocaine Use 34 3 15 17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
934 91 73 770
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 37 16 19 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,042 43 186 813
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 431 25 125 281
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
900 96 92 712
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 675 40 138 497
     Past Month Cigarette Use 538 31 117 390
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,464 145 182 1,136
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 27 5 10 12
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 43 10 15 18
     Alcohol Dependence 46 4 14 28
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 124 13 42 69
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 152 19 51 82
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 38 9 14 15
     Serious Mental Illness7 1527 -- 32 119
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

KANSAS

Table C.34 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Kansas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.08 11.17 17.10 3.30
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.66 8.01 14.39 2.38
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.90 4.92 6.39 1.97
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.59 1.37 4.86 1.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
43.24 37.66 24.45 47.51
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.78 6.49 6.29 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.25 17.91 62.09 50.18
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.94 10.54 41.59 17.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.67 40.01 30.61 43.94
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.22 16.57 46.07 30.66
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.88 12.98 38.91 24.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.74 60.24 60.78 70.12
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.24 2.13 3.38 0.72
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.98 4.23 5.03 1.09
     Alcohol Dependence 2.15 1.65 4.72 1.75
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.75 5.52 13.98 4.27
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.02 8.02 16.93 5.05
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.77 3.67 4.76 0.94
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.897 -- 10.56 7.38
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

KENTUCKY

Table C.35 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Kentucky, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 220 39 80 101
     Past Month Marijuana Use 163 29 62 72
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
93 16 32 45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 60 5 26 29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,589 133 135 1,322
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 56 24 28 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,181 56 226 898
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 601 37 162 402
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,545 141 143 1,261
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,274 84 240 950
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,069 73 206 790
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,132 197 252 1,683
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 50 8 19 23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 77 16 29 32
     Alcohol Dependence 72 7 19 46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 170 19 56 95
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 213 28 70 114
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 64 15 27 22
     Serious Mental Illness7 2667 -- 61 206
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

KENTUCKY

Table C.36 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Kentucky, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.67 11.86 18.16 4.01
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.96 8.99 14.10 2.85
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.83 4.82 7.28 1.80
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.81 1.49 5.88 1.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
48.31 40.42 30.65 52.40
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.69 7.33 6.34 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 35.88 17.05 51.58 35.61
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.26 11.27 36.84 15.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
46.96 42.90 32.61 49.98
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 38.72 25.53 54.65 37.67
     Past Month Cigarette Use 32.49 22.23 46.88 31.33
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.80 59.97 57.39 66.72
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.53 2.47 4.40 0.91
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.34 4.85 6.71 1.25
     Alcohol Dependence 2.20 2.28 4.35 1.81
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.15 5.78 12.66 3.76
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.46 8.49 15.99 4.54
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.95 4.48 6.19 0.89
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.997 -- 13.68 8.17
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

L

30120

LOUISIANA

Table C.37 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Louisiana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 236 42 87 107
     Past Month Marijuana Use 135 24 60 52
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
126 25 43 59
     Past Year Cocaine Use 58 6 21 32
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,699 158 164 1,377
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 52 22 26 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,615 80 299 1,237
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 788 46 199 543
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,686 180 215 1,291
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,238 68 234 936
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,050 58 210 782
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,295 248 325 1,723
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 63 10 26 26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 97 20 41 36
     Alcohol Dependence 101 11 31 59
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 231 25 76 129
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 282 36 93 153
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 84 18 38 29
     Serious Mental Illness7 2557 -- 72 183
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

LOUISIANA

Table C.38 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Louisiana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.66 10.22 16.61 4.10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.82 5.81 11.41 1.98
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.57 6.15 8.14 2.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.64 1.37 3.91 1.23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
48.01 38.84 31.25 52.82
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.48 5.31 5.02 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 45.67 19.55 57.11 47.42
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.27 11.28 37.94 20.82
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.64 44.28 40.94 49.51
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.00 16.63 44.69 35.90
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.68 14.17 40.12 29.98
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.87 60.92 61.91 66.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.77 2.56 4.96 1.01
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.74 4.88 7.77 1.39
     Alcohol Dependence 2.85 2.76 5.83 2.27
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.52 6.17 14.52 4.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.98 8.95 17.72 5.87
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.37 4.32 7.22 1.10
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.187 -- 13.59 7.08
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

M

30120

MAINE

Table C.39 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Maine, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 89 15 33 41
     Past Month Marijuana Use 76 12 29 35
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
31 6 11 14
     Past Year Cocaine Use 15 2 6 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
373 32 20 321
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 19 7 11 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 576 21 83 472
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 240 14 57 169
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
455 38 38 379
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 312 18 60 235
     Past Month Cigarette Use 278 15 56 207
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
733 68 79 587
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 15 4 6 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 26 7 10 10
     Alcohol Dependence 24 4 7 13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 54 7 18 29
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 71 11 24 36
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 24 7 9 8
     Serious Mental Illness7 787 -- 18 60
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MAINE

Table C.40 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Maine, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.38 13.98 26.44 4.99
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.13 11.12 23.53 4.20
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.89 5.73 8.86 1.65
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.42 2.01 4.78 0.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
35.22 30.16 16.57 38.63
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.71 6.47 8.52 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.34 19.99 67.31 56.79
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.65 12.84 46.25 20.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.96 36.23 31.06 45.58
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.46 16.54 48.49 28.29
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.21 14.11 45.24 24.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.19 63.96 63.66 70.68
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.44 3.41 4.50 0.73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.44 6.34 7.78 1.16
     Alcohol Dependence 2.22 3.58 5.38 1.58
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.13 7.03 14.74 3.47
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.70 10.02 19.40 4.39
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.30 6.60 7.64 0.96
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.107 -- 14.36 7.16
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MARYLAND

Table C.41 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Maryland, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 266 46 88 132
     Past Month Marijuana Use 202 34 73 95
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
113 21 33 59
     Past Year Cocaine Use 61 6 20 35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,680 146 132 1,402
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 63 27 32 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,062 79 302 1,681
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 839 46 188 605
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,002 187 200 1,614
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,186 67 210 908
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,048 59 194 795
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,944 271 321 2,353
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 68 12 23 34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 103 23 36 44
     Alcohol Dependence 92 9 27 56
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 247 23 77 148
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 304 37 94 173
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 93 21 33 39
     Serious Mental Illness7 2627 -- 58 205
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MARYLAND

Table C.42 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Maryland, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.20 10.69 17.42 3.93
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.69 7.79 14.39 2.83
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.62 4.91 6.46 1.75
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.41 1.29 3.86 1.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
39.12 33.73 25.97 41.81
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.56 6.23 6.27 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.03 18.30 59.60 50.12
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.54 10.57 37.09 18.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
46.62 43.20 39.57 48.13
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.62 15.56 41.52 27.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.40 13.59 38.23 23.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.58 62.49 63.38 70.15
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.59 2.67 4.52 1.01
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.40 5.39 7.07 1.30
     Alcohol Dependence 2.14 2.01 5.40 1.67
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.76 5.27 15.10 4.41
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.07 8.66 18.47 5.15
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.16 4.88 6.49 1.15
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.797 -- 11.45 6.09
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MASSACHUSETTS

Table C.43 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Massachusetts, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 552 72 155 326
     Past Month Marijuana Use 456 63 150 244
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
183 26 48 110
     Past Year Cocaine Use 120 9 39 72
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,692 134 102 1,456
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 100 41 52 6
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,092 113 448 2,530
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,333 69 317 947
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,986 177 171 1,638
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,356 78 275 1,003
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,184 70 250 865
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,717 325 404 2,989
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 105 20 31 54
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 146 36 43 67
     Alcohol Dependence 128 11 32 86
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 388 35 118 235
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 470 51 139 280
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 131 34 42 55
     Serious Mental Illness7 3277 -- 73 255
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MASSACHUSETTS

Table C.44 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Massachusetts, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.73 14.38 25.69 8.06
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.86 12.59 24.85 6.03
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.55 5.12 7.90 2.72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 1.72 6.45 1.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
32.91 26.91 16.86 36.03
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.07 8.30 8.65 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.12 22.71 74.24 62.61
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.90 13.74 52.55 23.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.61 35.52 28.25 40.53
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.35 15.65 45.53 24.81
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.01 13.96 41.31 21.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.28 65.21 66.80 73.96
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.03 3.91 5.15 1.34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.84 7.31 7.12 1.66
     Alcohol Dependence 2.49 2.26 5.22 2.12
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.53 6.97 19.48 5.82
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.13 10.23 23.07 6.93
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.54 6.80 6.93 1.37
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.007 -- 12.19 6.24
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MICHIGAN

Table C.45 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Michigan, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 602 105 207 290
     Past Month Marijuana Use 484 81 182 221
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
220 44 71 106
     Past Year Cocaine Use 109 12 48 50
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
3,320 307 257 2,757
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 145 60 75 10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,039 153 667 3,219
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,766 106 456 1,205
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,612 354 357 2,901
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,519 147 508 1,864
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,179 130 454 1,595
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,469 544 635 4,289
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 101 24 39 38
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 173 46 65 62
     Alcohol Dependence 190 17 55 119
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 480 49 156 275
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 575 74 187 315
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 160 43 61 56
     Serious Mental Illness7 5957 -- 135 460
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MICHIGAN

Table C.46 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Michigan, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.48 12.12 19.90 4.72
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.01 9.40 17.45 3.60
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.73 5.05 6.78 1.72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.36 1.34 4.60 0.81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
41.24 35.57 24.66 44.84
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.88 6.98 7.18 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.17 17.74 64.08 52.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.93 12.23 43.78 19.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.86 41.03 34.30 47.19
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.29 17.04 48.84 30.32
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.06 15.12 43.60 25.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.92 63.11 61.05 69.76
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.26 2.79 3.79 0.61
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.15 5.33 6.22 1.01
     Alcohol Dependence 2.37 1.91 5.24 1.94
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.96 5.63 14.97 4.48
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.14 8.58 17.94 5.12
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.99 4.99 5.89 0.91
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.157 -- 12.83 7.37
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MINNESOTA

Table C.47 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Minnesota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 262 52 99 111
     Past Month Marijuana Use 212 39 89 85
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
107 21 37 49
     Past Year Cocaine Use 78 9 33 37
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,578 167 129 1,282
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 79 32 42 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,319 88 377 1,853
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 956 56 261 639
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,678 186 163 1,329
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,212 88 265 860
     Past Month Cigarette Use 981 77 240 664
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,686 276 333 2,076
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 50 10 22 18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 93 22 36 35
     Alcohol Dependence 99 10 37 52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 246 28 91 127
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 292 40 103 149
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 89 20 35 34
     Serious Mental Illness7 2907 -- 70 220
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MINNESOTA

Table C.48 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Minnesota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.57 11.70 18.41 3.69
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.33 8.77 16.44 2.84
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.68 4.79 6.84 1.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.97 1.93 6.16 1.23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
39.72 37.50 23.99 42.86
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.10 7.21 7.82 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.36 19.81 70.12 61.94
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.05 12.59 48.48 21.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.23 41.90 30.34 44.41
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.50 19.77 49.24 28.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.66 17.36 44.50 22.19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.59 62.19 61.92 69.41
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.27 2.27 4.06 0.62
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.34 4.99 6.61 1.18
     Alcohol Dependence 2.49 2.21 6.95 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.18 6.37 16.83 4.24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.34 8.99 19.21 4.97
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.24 4.60 6.46 1.13
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.197 -- 12.98 7.33
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MISSISSIPPI

Table C.49 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Mississippi, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 128 23 50 55
     Past Month Marijuana Use 87 14 40 33
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
61 12 21 27
     Past Year Cocaine Use 30 2 13 15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,221 123 135 963
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 33 14 17 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 736 33 151 553
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 413 22 99 291
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,152 125 152 876
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 763 42 140 581
     Past Month Cigarette Use 599 32 116 451
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,550 163 217 1,170
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 34 6 13 15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 52 11 21 21
     Alcohol Dependence 64 5 16 43
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 130 13 38 79
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 164 19 50 95
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 45 11 18 16
     Serious Mental Illness7 1607 -- 43 118
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MISSISSIPPI

Table C.50 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Mississippi, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.65 8.89 15.39 3.28
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.83 5.55 12.18 1.96
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.69 4.76 6.57 1.63
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.31 0.91 3.92 0.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
54.07 48.03 41.28 57.45
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.50 5.40 5.13 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 32.60 12.75 46.26 32.98
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.27 8.73 30.46 17.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
51.04 48.74 46.63 52.24
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.80 16.46 42.97 34.66
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.52 12.53 35.53 26.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.65 63.77 66.68 69.77
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.49 2.29 4.00 0.89
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.30 4.18 6.34 1.23
     Alcohol Dependence 2.81 1.93 4.84 2.55
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.73 4.93 11.60 4.72
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.25 7.48 15.21 5.68
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.99 4.26 5.64 0.94
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.047 -- 13.01 7.06
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MISSOURI

Table C.51 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Missouri, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 257 48 90 120
     Past Month Marijuana Use 200 35 77 88
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
103 22 31 49
     Past Year Cocaine Use 56 7 23 26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,001 191 168 1,642
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 74 32 37 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,113 87 355 1,670
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 905 58 231 616
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,909 183 191 1,534
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,502 83 292 1,128
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,252 69 257 927
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,093 305 364 2,424
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 48 10 20 19
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 76 18 31 28
     Alcohol Dependence 100 9 33 58
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 250 27 86 136
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 300 39 103 158
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 69 16 29 23
     Serious Mental Illness7 2997 -- 76 223
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MISSOURI

Table C.52 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Missouri, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.67 9.94 15.07 3.47
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.42 7.31 12.96 2.55
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.28 4.61 5.29 1.43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.23 1.40 3.82 0.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
44.22 39.59 28.27 47.59
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.67 6.67 6.28 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.66 18.01 59.72 48.42
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.97 12.02 38.80 17.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.16 37.86 32.14 44.48
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.17 17.16 49.05 32.69
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.65 14.20 43.14 26.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.32 63.19 61.12 70.27
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.06 1.99 3.29 0.55
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.68 3.63 5.17 0.80
     Alcohol Dependence 2.20 1.92 5.48 1.68
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.50 5.63 14.53 3.94
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.61 8.00 17.35 4.58
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.51 3.27 4.95 0.68
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.407 -- 12.75 6.48
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MONTANA

Table C.53 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Montana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 47 11 18 18
     Past Month Marijuana Use 39 8 16 15
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
20 5 7 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 13 2 6 6
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
313 30 25 259
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 6 8 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 410 16 65 329
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 176 11 47 118
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
305 31 28 246
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 233 16 50 168
     Past Month Cigarette Use 174 13 42 119
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
537 56 63 417
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 3 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 19 6 7 6
     Alcohol Dependence 20 2 8 9
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 58 8 21 30
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 65 10 23 32
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 16 5 6 5
     Serious Mental Illness7 537 -- 13 41
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

MONTANA

Table C.54 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Montana, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.26 12.95 18.40 3.17
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.11 9.32 16.39 2.53
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.67 5.58 6.91 1.51
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.97 5.90 1.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
41.29 35.33 24.65 45.06
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.85 7.20 7.76 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.10 19.68 64.40 57.32
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.21 12.86 46.99 20.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.15 37.04 27.88 42.74
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.72 18.70 49.56 29.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 22.95 15.30 42.26 20.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.74 67.30 63.21 72.55
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.36 3.07 4.06 0.64
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.50 7.09 6.82 1.08
     Alcohol Dependence 2.57 2.62 7.94 1.63
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.69 9.71 20.57 5.16
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.60 11.65 23.09 5.64
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.12 6.23 5.99 0.85
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.117 -- 12.81 7.26
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

N

30120

NEBRASKA

Table C.55 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Nebraska, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 63 14 24 26
     Past Month Marijuana Use 51 10 20 20
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
28 6 9 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 17 2 7 8
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
570 60 52 457
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 24 10 13 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 739 33 131 575
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 312 21 90 201
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
533 55 54 423
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 428 28 97 303
     Past Month Cigarette Use 334 24 84 226
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
907 92 111 704
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 16 3 6 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 25 6 10 9
     Alcohol Dependence 35 4 11 20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 101 11 36 55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 114 14 41 58
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 22 6 9 7
     Serious Mental Illness7 907 -- 23 68
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEBRASKA

Table C.56 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Nebraska, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.63 8.98 12.43 2.53
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.69 6.68 10.59 1.96
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.05 3.91 4.86 1.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.27 1.40 3.81 0.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
41.70 39.11 27.47 44.72
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.75 6.29 6.56 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.05 21.54 68.59 56.22
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.80 13.68 47.26 19.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.96 35.55 28.48 41.42
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.28 18.10 50.73 29.66
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.44 15.70 44.16 22.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.30 59.47 57.87 68.89
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.16 2.25 3.31 0.60
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.79 4.18 5.04 0.83
     Alcohol Dependence 2.53 2.64 5.76 1.92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.39 7.06 18.65 5.35
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.28 9.34 21.38 5.70
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.62 3.63 4.81 0.73
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.477 -- 11.68 6.67
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEVADA

Table C.57 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Nevada, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 113 19 33 61
     Past Month Marijuana Use 80 15 27 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
50 9 14 27
     Past Year Cocaine Use 34 4 11 19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
628 52 50 526
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 27 12 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 824 31 114 679
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 369 20 79 270
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
703 66 74 563
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 510 25 86 398
     Past Month Cigarette Use 446 23 78 344
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,071 100 124 846
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 26 5 9 13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 46 9 15 22
     Alcohol Dependence 36 3 11 22
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 95 10 29 57
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 121 16 35 70
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 41 8 14 19
     Serious Mental Illness7 1027 -- 25 76
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEVADA

Table C.58 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Nevada, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.27 12.00 17.60 5.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.17 9.32 14.16 3.23
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.24 5.64 7.62 2.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.16 2.33 5.93 1.55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
40.39 32.82 26.79 43.49
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.84 7.90 6.54 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.98 19.63 60.40 56.19
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.75 12.92 41.77 22.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.19 41.51 39.39 46.57
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.76 15.86 45.81 32.95
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.64 14.50 41.55 28.48
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.83 63.49 66.03 69.96
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.70 3.08 4.65 1.06
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.94 5.81 7.70 1.83
     Alcohol Dependence 2.33 1.86 5.87 1.85
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.12 6.14 15.14 4.71
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.78 9.88 18.62 5.82
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.63 5.30 7.41 1.53
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.307 -- 13.21 6.35
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table C.59 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Hampshire, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 82 15 30 36
     Past Month Marijuana Use 71 13 26 32
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
34 7 11 16
     Past Year Cocaine Use 18 2 7 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
335 30 23 281
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 19 8 10 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 613 25 81 507
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 222 14 55 154
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
395 39 30 326
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 299 20 55 224
     Past Month Cigarette Use 263 18 52 193
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
703 68 75 560
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 15 3 6 5
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 24 7 9 9
     Alcohol Dependence 23 2 7 14
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 61 7 20 34
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 74 10 24 40
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 23 6 8 8
     Serious Mental Illness7 617 -- 14 47
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table C.60 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Hampshire, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.02 14.00 25.47 4.58
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.97 11.79 22.01 4.04
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.32 6.31 9.50 1.98
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.80 1.92 6.20 1.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
32.86 27.51 19.60 35.59
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.01 7.29 8.33 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 60.20 22.60 68.36 64.13
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.85 12.90 46.01 19.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.77 35.65 25.43 41.20
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.33 18.25 45.83 28.36
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.80 16.41 43.67 24.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.01 62.32 62.92 70.84
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.44 2.84 5.14 0.69
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.40 6.37 7.54 1.08
     Alcohol Dependence 2.28 2.05 6.16 1.73
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.99 6.60 16.54 4.32
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.23 9.43 19.84 5.03
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.22 5.98 6.98 0.99
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.637 -- 11.93 5.85
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW JERSEY

Table C.61 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Jersey, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 390 58 144 188
     Past Month Marijuana Use 299 39 119 141
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
166 29 52 85
     Past Year Cocaine Use 88 7 36 46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,876 240 206 2,430
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 91 36 48 7
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,606 115 470 3,021
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,438 71 301 1,066
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,240 281 273 2,686
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,770 93 334 1,343
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,560 83 301 1,177
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,043 414 511 4,117
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 71 11 31 29
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 118 23 49 45
     Alcohol Dependence 141 9 30 103
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 367 29 96 242
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 423 41 122 261
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 110 20 46 45
     Serious Mental Illness7 3897 -- 85 304
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW JERSEY

Table C.62 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Jersey, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.79 8.84 18.76 3.54
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.43 6.04 15.43 2.65
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.46 4.37 6.75 1.60
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.31 1.07 4.64 0.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
42.63 36.77 26.74 45.64
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.38 5.52 6.22 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.44 17.65 61.14 56.72
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.32 10.92 39.07 20.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.01 43.01 35.50 50.43
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.23 14.25 43.38 25.22
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.13 12.67 39.08 22.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.73 63.41 66.47 77.32
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.06 1.73 4.02 0.55
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.75 3.59 6.42 0.85
     Alcohol Dependence 2.09 1.37 3.84 1.93
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.44 4.48 12.46 4.55
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.28 6.26 15.86 4.89
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.63 2.99 5.94 0.84
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.377 -- 11.22 5.68
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW MEXICO

Table C.63 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Mexico, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 108 23 33 53
     Past Month Marijuana Use 87 20 29 38
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
40 8 12 20
     Past Year Cocaine Use 41 6 15 20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
579 50 56 473
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 29 15 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 699 31 113 555
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 329 23 82 225
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
721 69 77 575
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 443 34 89 320
     Past Month Cigarette Use 373 32 80 261
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,018 109 129 780
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 23 5 7 10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 38 11 12 15
     Alcohol Dependence 41 5 13 24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 103 14 33 57
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 123 20 37 66
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 33 10 11 12
     Serious Mental Illness7 917 -- 21 71
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW MEXICO

Table C.64 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New Mexico, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.46 13.53 15.97 4.88
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.97 11.59 14.11 3.53
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.75 4.48 5.86 1.89
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.79 3.27 7.25 1.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
39.88 29.33 27.52 43.90
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.13 8.80 5.99 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.10 17.96 55.12 51.57
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.68 13.31 40.01 20.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
49.62 40.39 37.63 53.37
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.46 19.82 43.21 29.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.69 18.59 39.04 24.28
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.09 63.59 62.95 72.48
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.57 3.21 3.39 0.96
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.65 6.58 5.85 1.41
     Alcohol Dependence 2.84 2.96 6.12 2.20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.12 8.22 15.95 5.27
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.47 11.47 18.09 6.17
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.28 5.82 5.45 1.11
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.337 -- 10.45 6.74
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW YORK

Table C.65 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New York, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 1,010 140 351 519
     Past Month Marijuana Use 784 108 317 358
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
416 55 118 244
     Past Year Cocaine Use 246 18 91 137
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
6,408 490 482 5,436
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 212 88 107 17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 7,275 258 1,100 5,917
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,927 151 725 2,050
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
7,202 658 675 5,869
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,780 198 746 2,837
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,448 181 695 2,572
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
10,859 917 1,216 8,726
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 233 31 93 109
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 373 56 150 167
     Alcohol Dependence 333 26 99 208
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 775 61 270 444
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,006 93 355 559
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 337 50 144 143
     Serious Mental Illness7 9987 -- 214 784
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NEW YORK

Table C.66 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in New York, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.79 9.57 19.32 4.48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.27 7.42 17.46 3.09
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.80 3.74 6.48 2.10
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.65 1.26 5.01 1.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
43.07 33.52 26.54 46.86
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.49 6.01 5.90 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.90 17.64 60.52 51.01
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.67 10.37 39.89 17.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.41 45.05 37.15 50.60
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 25.41 13.55 41.02 24.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.18 12.36 38.25 22.18
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.99 62.81 66.87 75.23
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.56 2.14 5.09 0.94
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.50 3.80 8.25 1.44
     Alcohol Dependence 2.24 1.77 5.44 1.80
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.21 4.18 14.87 3.83
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.76 6.35 19.52 4.82
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.26 3.45 7.90 1.23
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.387 -- 11.83 6.69
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NORTH CAROLINA

Table C.67 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in North Carolina, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 500 65 143 292
     Past Month Marijuana Use 368 44 122 202
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
183 34 50 98
     Past Year Cocaine Use 98 8 35 55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,679 246 184 2,250
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 100 40 53 7
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,434 89 394 1,951
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,078 56 250 772
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,997 290 304 2,404
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,065 116 366 1,584
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,750 97 321 1,331
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
4,194 390 467 3,337
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 80 13 27 40
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 126 24 46 56
     Alcohol Dependence 140 11 39 90
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 264 24 81 158
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 328 38 101 189
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 110 22 41 46
     Serious Mental Illness7 4167 -- 88 329
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NORTH CAROLINA

Table C.68 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in North Carolina, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.89 9.97 18.47 5.94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.80 6.67 15.80 4.11
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.88 5.25 6.43 2.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.55 1.29 4.49 1.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
42.29 37.48 23.72 45.86
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.62 6.05 6.83 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 38.42 13.57 50.91 39.77
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.02 8.51 32.29 15.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.30 44.20 39.20 48.99
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.60 17.64 47.24 32.28
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.61 14.75 41.50 27.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.19 59.57 60.23 68.02
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.26 1.92 3.54 0.81
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.99 3.60 5.93 1.15
     Alcohol Dependence 2.21 1.61 5.08 1.84
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.16 3.62 10.51 3.23
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.17 5.75 13.04 3.86
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.73 3.40 5.35 0.94
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.377 -- 11.34 6.74
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NORTH DAKOTA

Table C.69 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in North Dakota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 22 5 9 7
     Past Month Marijuana Use 17 4 8 6
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
11 3 4 5
     Past Year Cocaine Use 8 1 4 4
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
238 23 19 196
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 4 6 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 301 15 57 229
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 152 11 45 97
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
195 22 20 153
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 163 14 38 111
     Past Month Cigarette Use 134 12 35 87
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
358 37 46 274
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 5 1 2 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8 2 3 3
     Alcohol Dependence 14 2 5 7
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 45 5 18 21
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 49 6 21 22
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 8 2 3 2
     Serious Mental Illness7 347 -- 10 25
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

NORTH DAKOTA

Table C.70 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in North Dakota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.11 8.60 12.12 1.88
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.31 6.36 10.34 1.48
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.16 4.28 5.02 1.28
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.59 1.75 5.02 0.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
45.41 37.99 25.05 50.48
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.99 7.37 7.49 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.36 24.72 75.47 58.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 29.04 17.88 59.31 24.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.21 36.38 26.36 39.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.11 23.56 50.59 28.48
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.54 19.90 46.34 22.37
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.24 62.66 61.00 70.48
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 0.92 1.93 2.73 0.41
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.57 4.11 4.25 0.67
     Alcohol Dependence 2.57 2.71 6.75 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.51 9.15 24.15 5.39
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.33 10.65 27.09 5.69
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.43 3.56 4.02 0.61
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.507 -- 12.99 6.44
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

O

30120

OHIO

Table C.71 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Ohio, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 550 91 202 257
     Past Month Marijuana Use 428 67 174 186
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
233 44 76 113
     Past Year Cocaine Use 126 11 52 63
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
3,774 357 317 3,101
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 142 60 73 9
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,388 158 733 3,498
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,017 103 520 1,394
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,971 403 393 3,175
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,161 174 604 2,383
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,708 147 529 2,032
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,135 592 713 4,831
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 105 20 45 40
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 178 40 67 71
     Alcohol Dependence 202 15 65 121
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 476 44 166 266
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 583 68 203 311
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 157 35 63 59
     Serious Mental Illness7 6357 -- 149 486
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

OHIO

Table C.72 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Ohio, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.92 9.47 16.72 3.60
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.61 6.99 14.43 2.62
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.51 4.59 6.31 1.58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.35 1.11 4.28 0.89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
40.62 36.97 26.22 43.56
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.58 6.24 6.01 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.23 16.36 60.69 49.14
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.71 10.64 43.10 19.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.74 41.72 32.58 44.60
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.02 17.99 50.07 33.47
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.15 15.24 43.79 28.55
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.04 61.31 59.06 67.86
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.13 2.09 3.69 0.57
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.91 4.10 5.59 0.99
     Alcohol Dependence 2.17 1.59 5.42 1.70
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.12 4.57 13.74 3.74
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.27 7.07 16.84 4.37
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.69 3.64 5.24 0.82
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.647 -- 12.37 6.83
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

OKLAHOMA

Table C.73 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Oklahoma, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 148 30 50 68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 97 20 36 42
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
82 16 26 39
     Past Year Cocaine Use 35 4 13 17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,313 122 133 1,058
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 44 21 20 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,037 48 199 791
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 503 32 138 333
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,324 125 145 1,055
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 948 55 174 718
     Past Month Cigarette Use 737 46 150 540
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,817 184 224 1,408
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 37 7 14 16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 62 14 22 26
     Alcohol Dependence 73 6 21 46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 163 15 50 97
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 193 23 58 112
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 51 13 21 17
     Serious Mental Illness7 2537 -- 54 199
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

OKLAHOMA

Table C.74 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Oklahoma, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.40 9.88 13.41 3.29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.55 6.46 9.67 2.02
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.97 5.28 7.03 1.90
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.28 1.44 3.59 0.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
47.90 40.34 35.56 51.24
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.68 7.04 5.39 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.83 15.68 53.07 38.32
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.33 10.41 36.78 16.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.31 41.10 38.65 51.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.56 18.30 46.62 34.76
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.86 15.17 40.18 26.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.26 60.81 59.95 68.21
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.35 2.28 3.80 0.77
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.25 4.50 5.91 1.26
     Alcohol Dependence 2.65 1.98 5.57 2.22
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.94 5.10 13.47 4.70
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.05 7.75 15.58 5.41
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.86 4.20 5.60 0.84
     Serious Mental Illness7 10.367 -- 14.10 9.66
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

OREGON

Table C.75 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Oregon, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 246 34 84 128
     Past Month Marijuana Use 203 26 73 104
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
89 15 29 45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 44 4 19 21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
939 89 71 779
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 44 19 22 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,380 43 209 1,129
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 510 27 133 350
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,215 115 110 989
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 808 38 162 608
     Past Month Cigarette Use 653 33 141 479
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,002 192 232 1,578
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 46 7 18 20
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 73 16 26 31
     Alcohol Dependence 73 6 20 47
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 165 15 49 101
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 207 25 65 116
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 64 15 24 26
     Serious Mental Illness7 1917 -- 45 146
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

OREGON

Table C.76 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Oregon, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.73 12.11 23.50 5.89
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.19 9.07 20.43 4.80
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.15 5.18 8.10 2.09
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.57 1.58 5.17 0.98
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
33.43 31.60 19.89 35.87
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.68 6.61 6.28 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 49.16 15.18 58.42 52.00
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.14 9.57 37.24 16.13
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.25 40.98 30.82 45.56
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.76 13.47 45.31 28.03
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.21 11.83 39.28 22.05
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.27 68.35 64.74 72.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.61 2.60 4.98 0.94
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.60 5.74 7.38 1.42
     Alcohol Dependence 2.59 2.22 5.49 2.17
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.85 5.45 13.59 4.64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.33 8.77 18.27 5.36
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.28 5.25 6.58 1.20
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.637 -- 12.34 6.83
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

P

30120

PENNSYLVANIA

Table C.77 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 596 96 195 305
     Past Month Marijuana Use 479 73 176 230
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
274 47 85 143
     Past Year Cocaine Use 165 14 61 90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
4,547 382 313 3,852
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 140 58 73 9
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,042 175 729 4,138
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,244 110 512 1,622
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
4,215 416 364 3,434
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,173 172 576 2,425
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,642 147 503 1,992
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,845 616 711 5,518
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 131 23 47 60
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 183 38 69 75
     Alcohol Dependence 231 17 63 151
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 571 52 168 351
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 673 71 201 401
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 163 35 65 63
     Serious Mental Illness7 6297 -- 134 495
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

PENNSYLVANIA

Table C.78 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.93 9.68 16.63 3.86
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.76 7.37 14.95 2.92
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.73 4.70 7.20 1.81
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.64 1.45 5.23 1.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
45.20 38.42 26.68 48.81
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.42 5.87 6.18 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.11 17.57 62.03 52.44
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.31 11.08 43.61 20.55
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.89 41.84 31.03 43.52
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.54 17.28 49.06 30.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.26 14.80 42.79 25.24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.04 61.91 60.53 69.93
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.30 2.35 4.02 0.76
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.82 3.85 5.87 0.96
     Alcohol Dependence 2.29 1.69 5.34 1.91
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.67 5.18 14.32 4.45
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.69 7.11 17.15 5.08
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.62 3.53 5.57 0.80
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.997 -- 11.52 6.32
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

R

30120

RHODE ISLAND

Table C.79 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Rhode Island, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 67 11 23 34
     Past Month Marijuana Use 56 9 21 27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
25 5 8 12
     Past Year Cocaine Use 14 1 6 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
315 25 17 272
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 14 6 7 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 477 16 64 397
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 199 10 44 145
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
353 35 30 287
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 245 13 44 188
     Past Month Cigarette Use 222 12 41 169
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
580 53 63 464
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 17 4 6 6
     Alcohol Dependence 20 2 5 13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 57 5 17 35
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 66 7 20 39
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 15 4 6 6
     Serious Mental Illness7 607 -- 12 48
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

RHODE ISLAND

Table C.80 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Rhode Island, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.19 12.98 23.96 5.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.78 10.29 21.53 4.16
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.00 5.44 8.53 1.87
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.71 1.44 6.12 1.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
38.33 30.23 18.30 42.33
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.82 7.52 7.26 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.00 18.69 67.14 61.77
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.18 12.10 46.27 22.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.86 42.07 31.88 44.58
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.72 15.47 45.91 29.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.98 14.40 42.66 26.31
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.51 63.05 66.12 72.12
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.30 2.48 4.58 0.67
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.04 4.82 6.60 1.00
     Alcohol Dependence 2.40 1.82 5.61 2.00
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.91 5.79 17.98 5.43
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.96 8.22 21.09 6.00
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.86 4.39 6.31 0.88
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.117 -- 13.00 7.38
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

S

30120

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table C.81 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in South Carolina, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 182 29 61 91
     Past Month Marijuana Use 131 21 51 59
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
86 14 27 45
     Past Year Cocaine Use 51 4 20 27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,485 132 142 1,211
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 22 24 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,291 48 210 1,032
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 627 31 139 457
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,527 148 167 1,213
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,010 52 167 791
     Past Month Cigarette Use 835 44 151 640
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,196 208 263 1,725
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 35 6 13 16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 54 13 20 22
     Alcohol Dependence 73 5 18 50
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 150 14 46 91
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 180 22 53 105
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 48 12 18 18
     Serious Mental Illness7 2147 -- 51 164
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table C.82 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in South Carolina, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.70 9.12 15.00 3.71
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.10 6.59 12.48 2.39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.69 4.40 6.61 1.82
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.60 1.26 4.80 1.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
46.60 40.79 34.94 49.29
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.61 6.68 5.85 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.50 14.96 51.69 42.00
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.67 9.48 34.20 18.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.93 45.74 40.97 49.37
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.70 16.09 41.15 32.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.21 13.72 37.03 26.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.90 64.37 64.52 70.22
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.11 2.00 3.17 0.65
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.71 3.93 4.95 0.88
     Alcohol Dependence 2.28 1.47 4.37 2.04
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.72 4.28 11.24 3.70
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.63 6.66 13.08 4.27
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.51 3.76 4.43 0.74
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.337 -- 11.88 6.55
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table C.83 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in South Dakota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 27 6 10 10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 23 5 9 8
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
13 3 5 5
     Past Year Cocaine Use 9 1 4 3
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
254 27 25 202
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 4 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 318 14 60 244
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 149 10 41 99
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
224 25 22 176
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 203 15 45 143
     Past Month Cigarette Use 161 13 39 109
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
395 43 52 300
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 6 2 3 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10 3 4 3
     Alcohol Dependence 17 2 6 8
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 43 5 15 23
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 46 6 17 23
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 9 3 4 3
     Serious Mental Illness7 387 -- 10 28
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table C.84 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in South Dakota, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.45 8.85 11.81 2.33
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.69 6.83 10.46 1.88
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.12 4.10 5.48 1.15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.40 1.79 4.56 0.72
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
41.63 36.97 28.91 44.84
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.54 6.07 4.90 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.14 19.02 68.21 54.26
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.48 13.37 46.82 21.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.73 35.35 25.42 39.14
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.33 21.56 51.03 31.76
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.42 17.77 44.63 24.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
64.77 59.72 59.65 66.56
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.06 2.12 3.26 0.46
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.65 3.99 4.72 0.68
     Alcohol Dependence 2.73 3.01 7.00 1.86
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.04 7.00 17.52 5.01
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.61 8.41 19.53 5.17
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.48 3.71 4.35 0.57
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.167 -- 11.48 6.30
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

T

30120

TENNESSEE

Table C.85 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Tennessee, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 286 48 91 146
     Past Month Marijuana Use 221 35 78 108
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
136 27 39 70
     Past Year Cocaine Use 68 8 24 37
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,089 178 164 1,748
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 69 29 35 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,661 61 283 1,317
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 741 37 174 530
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,403 214 232 1,957
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,545 88 279 1,178
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,313 78 248 987
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,128 281 362 2,484
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 69 12 26 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 110 25 39 46
     Alcohol Dependence 110 8 28 74
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 241 25 74 142
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 302 41 92 169
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 95 23 35 36
     Serious Mental Illness7 3307 -- 76 254
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

TENNESSEE

Table C.86 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Tennessee, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.17 10.42 15.44 4.10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.78 7.67 13.18 3.02
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.93 5.87 6.56 1.96
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.47 1.66 3.99 1.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
45.19 38.75 27.64 48.90
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.53 6.36 5.85 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 35.90 13.26 47.75 36.86
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 16.01 8.11 29.29 14.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
51.96 46.73 39.10 54.75
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.39 19.17 47.07 32.96
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.38 16.94 41.90 27.62
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.63 61.32 61.14 69.50
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.49 2.67 4.39 0.86
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.37 5.36 6.50 1.30
     Alcohol Dependence 2.37 1.73 4.77 2.06
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.21 5.51 12.52 3.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.51 8.92 15.45 4.73
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.05 5.04 5.98 1.01
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.977 -- 12.90 7.16
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

TEXAS

Table C.87 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Texas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 861 164 326 370
     Past Month Marijuana Use 588 114 246 228
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
441 87 167 187
     Past Year Cocaine Use 313 42 134 137
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
7,935 763 821 6,352
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 228 97 114 16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 7,159 329 1,313 5,517
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,489 198 878 2,412
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
7,958 818 969 6,170
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 4,524 267 930 3,327
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,832 225 824 2,782
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
11,542 1,179 1,564 8,799
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 197 42 83 72
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 324 89 125 110
     Alcohol Dependence 365 34 112 218
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 955 96 305 554
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,112 153 367 591
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 297 81 116 101
     Serious Mental Illness7 1,0327 -- 274 758
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

TEXAS

Table C.88 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Texas, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.31 8.80 13.67 3.10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.63 6.09 10.30 1.91
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.72 4.64 7.00 1.57
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.93 2.27 5.59 1.15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
48.99 40.86 34.36 53.18
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.47 5.22 4.77 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 44.20 17.62 54.98 46.19
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.54 10.63 36.77 20.20
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
49.12 43.85 40.60 51.65
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.93 14.31 38.95 27.85
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.65 12.08 34.52 23.29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.25 63.15 65.52 73.66
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.22 2.24 3.49 0.60
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.00 4.79 5.24 0.92
     Alcohol Dependence 2.25 1.85 4.70 1.83
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.90 5.15 12.79 4.64
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.86 8.20 15.39 4.95
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.83 4.32 4.84 0.85
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.127 -- 11.36 6.28
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

U

30120

UTAH

Table C.89 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Utah, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 85 16 35 33
     Past Month Marijuana Use 60 12 27 21
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
47 9 18 20
     Past Year Cocaine Use 24 3 12 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
763 98 120 545
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 26 11 13 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 491 25 108 359
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 242 17 77 148
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
856 113 151 592
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 320 21 93 207
     Past Month Cigarette Use 285 19 85 181
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,297 173 253 870
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 22 5 10 7
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 39 10 16 13
     Alcohol Dependence 39 5 14 21
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 85 10 37 38
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 109 15 44 50
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 33 8 14 11
     Serious Mental Illness7 1217 -- 41 80
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

UTAH

Table C.90 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Utah, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 4.97 6.85 10.58 2.94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.51 5.00 8.07 1.87
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.75 3.80 5.45 1.75
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.43 1.46 3.45 0.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
44.88 41.43 35.82 48.23
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.62 4.71 3.93 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 28.91 10.36 32.39 31.74
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 14.19 7.02 23.09 13.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
50.36 47.72 45.29 52.38
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 18.84 8.69 27.80 18.33
     Past Month Cigarette Use 16.75 7.93 25.33 16.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
76.27 73.28 75.78 77.03
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.32 2.13 3.09 0.63
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.26 4.12 4.71 1.15
     Alcohol Dependence 2.30 2.04 4.13 1.82
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.01 4.21 11.09 3.40
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.40 6.29 13.16 4.45
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.92 3.33 4.12 0.98
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.307 -- 12.03 7.16
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

V

30120

VERMONT

Table C.91 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Vermont, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 54 9 20 25
     Past Month Marijuana Use 46 7 18 21
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
18 3 7 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 11 1 5 5
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
144 13 9 122
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 5 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 315 12 44 259
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 119 7 30 81
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
204 19 18 167
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 156 10 31 115
     Past Month Cigarette Use 126 9 28 89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
360 33 40 286
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 14 3 5 6
     Alcohol Dependence 13 1 4 8
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 33 3 10 19
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 41 5 13 24
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 13 3 5 5
     Serious Mental Illness7 357 -- 8 27
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

VERMONT

Table C.92 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Vermont, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.50 15.99 31.75 6.37
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.06 13.20 28.56 5.39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
3.59 5.61 10.51 2.22
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.13 1.58 7.52 1.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
28.16 23.78 14.48 30.93
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2.70 9.37 10.30 0.21
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 61.58 21.56 69.96 65.67
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.19 13.15 48.21 20.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.83 35.03 28.83 42.23
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.49 18.89 48.90 29.14
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.62 16.00 44.22 22.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.39 62.02 63.96 72.55
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 2.84 6.34 1.10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.67 5.07 8.37 1.44
     Alcohol Dependence 2.55 2.10 6.54 1.97
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.37 6.15 16.16 4.84
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.07 8.79 20.28 6.03
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.47 5.21 7.74 1.26
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.657 -- 13.34 6.75
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

VIRGINIA

Table C.93 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Virginia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 314 48 114 152
     Past Month Marijuana Use 243 32 95 116
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
146 24 50 72
     Past Year Cocaine Use 86 6 35 44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
2,373 211 187 1,975
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 74 27 40 7
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,667 70 401 2,196
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,008 42 235 731
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,698 254 253 2,191
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,613 76 305 1,232
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,415 66 276 1,073
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,946 361 453 3,131
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 59 10 24 25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 92 19 35 39
     Alcohol Dependence 120 9 36 75
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 274 22 96 157
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 314 32 109 173
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 87 19 33 35
     Serious Mental Illness7 3917 -- 82 309
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

VIRGINIA

Table C.94 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Virginia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.54 8.48 16.14 3.46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.28 5.76 13.46 2.63
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.57 4.33 7.07 1.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.52 1.11 5.00 1.01
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
41.84 37.59 26.45 44.85
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.40 4.86 5.73 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.02 12.39 56.83 49.87
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 17.78 7.55 33.26 16.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.58 45.22 35.84 49.76
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.44 13.48 43.22 27.98
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.95 11.71 39.12 24.37
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.58 64.26 64.24 71.11
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.04 1.82 3.40 0.56
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.63 3.40 4.90 0.88
     Alcohol Dependence 2.12 1.57 5.14 1.71
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4.84 3.83 13.61 3.56
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 5.54 5.76 15.40 3.93
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.53 3.30 4.71 0.79
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.627 -- 11.35 7.01
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

W

30120

WASHINGTON

Table C.95 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Washington, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 370 57 117 196
     Past Month Marijuana Use 285 48 97 139
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
141 24 48 69
     Past Year Cocaine Use 76 10 29 38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,708 164 148 1,396
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 79 35 39 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,392 81 345 1,966
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 903 51 220 632
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,232 198 218 1,815
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,370 72 249 1,049
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,120 65 221 834
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,430 344 426 2,660
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 87 15 26 45
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 133 28 39 65
     Alcohol Dependence 117 15 32 70
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 312 37 91 184
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 400 51 111 238
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 115 24 37 54
     Serious Mental Illness7 3527 -- 82 270
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WASHINGTON

Table C.96 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Washington, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.73 11.44 18.79 5.36
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.95 9.56 15.69 3.81
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.94 4.79 7.73 1.87
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.59 1.91 4.60 1.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
35.72 32.68 23.82 38.14
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.81 6.93 6.35 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.03 16.16 55.61 53.72
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.88 10.20 35.45 17.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
46.68 39.53 35.22 49.60
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.66 14.37 40.21 28.66
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.43 13.01 35.65 22.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.73 68.59 68.75 72.67
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.82 3.02 4.26 1.24
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.78 5.67 6.33 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence 2.45 2.90 5.18 1.92
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.52 7.35 14.67 5.03
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.37 10.26 17.85 6.51
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 2.41 4.88 5.97 1.47
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.257 -- 12.96 7.43
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WEST VIRGINIA

Table C.97 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in West Virginia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 77 14 29 34
     Past Month Marijuana Use 61 10 23 28
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
41 7 13 21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 21 2 8 11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
741 56 57 628
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 20 9 9 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 560 24 100 436
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 280 16 73 190
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
696 58 65 574
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 576 30 105 441
     Past Month Cigarette Use 452 26 88 339
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,029 86 113 830
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 20 4 7 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 30 7 10 13
     Alcohol Dependence 36 4 10 21
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 81 9 25 47
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 94 13 30 51
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 25 6 10 9
     Serious Mental Illness7 1157 -- 25 91
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WEST VIRGINIA

Table C.98 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in West Virginia, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.03 10.13 14.91 2.85
     Past Month Marijuana Use 3.96 7.03 11.91 2.33
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.69 5.32 6.58 1.76
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.35 1.47 4.23 0.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
48.23 39.89 29.21 52.25
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.29 6.43 4.88 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.45 17.00 51.57 36.29
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.20 11.75 37.71 15.82
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.32 41.08 33.36 47.73
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 37.49 21.36 54.04 36.71
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.43 18.27 45.13 28.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
66.95 61.10 58.16 69.04
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.30 2.69 3.54 0.78
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.95 4.85 5.04 1.12
     Alcohol Dependence 2.31 3.09 5.28 1.75
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.24 6.68 12.70 3.88
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 6.12 8.91 15.67 4.26
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.63 4.42 4.95 0.77
     Serious Mental Illness7 8.357 -- 12.72 7.64
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WISCONSIN

Table C.99 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Wisconsin, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 277 49 99 130
     Past Month Marijuana Use 218 38 89 91
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
120 21 34 66
     Past Year Cocaine Use 74 8 30 36
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
1,673 167 134 1,372
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 73 32 36 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,619 100 408 2,112
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,242 63 293 885
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,728 182 174 1,372
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,289 89 288 913
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,062 76 257 728
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,977 297 362 2,318
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 48 10 18 19
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 87 20 34 33
     Alcohol Dependence 96 10 29 56
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 281 31 95 155
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 319 40 107 172
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 77 18 32 28
     Serious Mental Illness7 2717 -- 70 201
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WISCONSIN

Table C.100 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Wisconsin, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.30 10.08 16.84 3.91
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.95 7.80 15.21 2.75
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.74 4.26 5.71 2.00
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.68 1.62 5.06 1.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
38.24 34.60 22.84 41.45
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.78 6.68 6.11 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.84 20.67 69.37 63.80
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.34 13.11 49.95 26.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.47 37.63 29.65 41.45
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.42 18.35 49.04 27.57
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.22 15.85 43.82 22.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.99 61.64 61.56 70.03
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.08 2.11 3.11 0.58
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.98 4.20 5.77 1.00
     Alcohol Dependence 2.18 2.12 4.95 1.71
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.41 6.51 16.20 4.68
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.26 8.38 18.25 5.18
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.76 3.69 5.44 0.83
     Serious Mental Illness7 6.957 -- 11.90 6.08
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WYOMING

Table C.101 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Wyoming, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 23 5 10 9
     Past Month Marijuana Use 18 4 8 7
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
11 2 4 4
     Past Year Cocaine Use 6 1 3 3
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
165 17 16 132
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 8 3 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 219 10 38 171
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 99 6 27 65
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
174 17 18 138
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 144 10 32 102
     Past Month Cigarette Use 112 8 27 77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
270 28 35 206
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 5 1 2 2
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8 2 4 2
     Alcohol Dependence 10 1 4 5
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 27 4 11 12
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 30 4 12 14
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 7 2 3 2
     Serious Mental Illness7 257 -- 7 18
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30120

WYOMING

Table C.102 Percentages Reporting Use of Selected Drugs, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Treatment Gap, and Serious Mental Illness in Wyoming, by Age Group: 2000 and 2001
Measure Total 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 5.70 10.01 15.79 3.04
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.35 7.63 12.54 2.23
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than
          Marijuana1
2.57 4.77 6.78 1.40
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.52 1.57 4.70 0.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana
          Once a Month
40.18 36.24 26.32 43.52
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 1.97 6.97 6.71 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.34 20.48 63.80 56.36
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.08 13.67 45.30 21.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
          Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.29 36.74 30.09 45.56
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.11 21.10 53.75 33.59
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.23 16.79 44.97 25.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
          Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.63 60.15 58.44 67.91
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND
     TREATMENT
       
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.24 2.22 3.81 0.58
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1.94 3.97 6.07 0.81
     Alcohol Dependence 2.43 2.54 6.23 1.66
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.48 7.67 17.74 4.07
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.38 9.17 20.25 4.56
     Illicit Drug Treatment Gap6 1.71 3.49 5.34 0.72
     Serious Mental Illness7 7.197 -- 12.35 6.15
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
4 Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
7 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. SMI estimates are based on 2001 data only. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

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