Skip To Content

Go to the Table Of Contents

Click for DHHS Home Page
Click for the SAMHSA Home Page
Click for the OAS Drug Abuse Statistics Home Page
Click for What's New
Click for Recent Reports and Highlights Click for Information by Topic Click for OAS Data Systems and more Pubs Click for Data on Specific Drugs of Use Click for Short Reports and Facts Click for Frequently Asked Questions Click for Publications Click to send OAS Comments, Questions and Requests Click for OAS Home Page Click for Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Home Page Click to Search Our Site

2001 State Estimates of Substance Use

Appendix B: Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance

30130

Table B.1 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 6.69       10.32       17.29       4.39      
Alabama 5.77 (4.76 6.93) 9.48 (7.65 11.57) 15.21 (12.47 18.29) 3.69 (2.67 4.96)
Alaska 9.22 (7.78 10.82) 11.81 (9.74 14.15) 21.94 (18.67 25.49) 6.04 (4.45 7.99)
Arizona 6.69 (5.57 7.94) 11.13 (9.12 13.40) 16.07 (13.45 18.98) 4.35 (3.18 5.78)
Arkansas 6.69 (5.66 7.86) 11.40 (9.50 13.53) 18.27 (15.55 21.25) 4.08 (3.01 5.38)
California 8.16 (7.39 8.98) 11.06 (10.02 12.17) 17.45 (15.96 19.02) 6.04 (5.12 7.06)
Colorado 9.24 (7.88 10.76) 13.50 (11.21 16.07) 25.42 (21.93 29.16) 5.79 (4.32 7.57)
Connecticut 7.50 (6.28 8.87) 13.23 (10.99 15.74) 23.09 (19.62 26.86) 4.61 (3.35 6.17)
Delaware 7.62 (6.40 8.98) 12.09 (9.99 14.46) 21.90 (18.85 25.19) 4.76 (3.47 6.35)
District of Columbia 8.12 (6.67 9.78) 10.36 (8.32 12.70) 19.21 (16.14 22.59) 6.07 (4.48 8.00)
Florida 6.03 (5.37 6.74) 9.87 (8.69 11.16) 15.98 (14.43 17.63) 4.21 (3.47 5.05)
Georgia 6.13 (5.05 7.37) 8.28 (6.69 10.10) 15.72 (13.02 18.75) 4.12 (2.98 5.54)
Hawaii 7.45 (5.98 9.14) 11.79 (9.42 14.52) 19.08 (15.68 22.86) 5.11 (3.54 7.11)
Idaho 5.36 (4.42 6.42) 8.04 (6.37 9.98) 13.37 (10.89 16.18) 3.23 (2.31 4.39)
Illinois 7.17 (6.47 7.92) 10.79 (9.58 12.10) 18.88 (17.25 20.59) 4.65 (3.87 5.55)
Indiana 5.23 (4.27 6.33) 9.03 (7.35 10.94) 14.02 (11.46 16.91) 3.17 (2.22 4.38)
Iowa 4.47 (3.67 5.39) 7.67 (6.09 9.51) 13.17 (10.77 15.88) 2.49 (1.73 3.46)
Kansas 6.08 (5.08 7.19) 11.17 (9.04 13.60) 17.10 (14.20 20.33) 3.30 (2.35 4.48)
Kentucky 6.67 (5.59 7.89) 11.86 (9.83 14.15) 18.16 (15.38 21.21) 4.01 (2.90 5.38)
Louisiana 6.66 (5.55 7.92) 10.22 (8.33 12.37) 16.61 (13.97 19.54) 4.10 (2.96 5.54)
Maine 8.38 (7.13 9.77) 13.98 (11.64 16.59) 26.44 (22.90 30.23) 4.99 (3.70 6.55)
Maryland 6.20 (5.17 7.37) 10.69 (8.77 12.85) 17.42 (14.70 20.42) 3.93 (2.88 5.23)
Massachusetts 10.73 (9.14 12.48) 14.38 (12.08 16.94) 25.69 (22.24 29.37) 8.06 (6.29 10.12)
Michigan 7.48 (6.83 8.16) 12.12 (10.96 13.36) 19.90 (18.33 21.54) 4.72 (3.99 5.55)
Minnesota 6.57 (5.51 7.77) 11.70 (9.57 14.12) 18.41 (15.51 21.60) 3.69 (2.66 4.99)
Mississippi 5.65 (4.68 6.76) 8.89 (7.14 10.90) 15.39 (12.77 18.32) 3.28 (2.33 4.48)
Missouri 5.67 (4.72 6.76) 9.94 (8.09 12.06) 15.07 (12.52 17.91) 3.47 (2.52 4.65)
Montana 6.26 (5.26 7.38) 12.95 (10.60 15.61) 18.40 (15.65 21.40) 3.17 (2.21 4.40)
Nebraska 4.63 (3.78 5.60) 8.98 (7.22 11.00) 12.43 (10.01 15.18) 2.53 (1.75 3.53)
Nevada 7.27 (6.04 8.65) 12.00 (9.83 14.45) 17.60 (14.33 21.26) 5.04 (3.79 6.55)
New Hampshire 8.02 (6.81 9.38) 14.00 (11.79 16.45) 25.47 (21.92 29.28) 4.58 (3.36 6.07)
New Jersey 5.79 (4.81 6.89) 8.84 (7.21 10.71) 18.76 (15.80 22.01) 3.54 (2.55 4.76)
New Mexico 7.46 (6.24 8.84) 13.53 (11.13 16.23) 15.97 (13.37 18.86) 4.88 (3.58 6.48)
New York 6.79 (6.12 7.51) 9.57 (8.48 10.75) 19.32 (17.70 21.01) 4.48 (3.73 5.33)
North Carolina 7.89 (6.60 9.34) 9.97 (8.20 11.99) 18.47 (15.55 21.68) 5.94 (4.51 7.67)
North Dakota 4.11 (3.33 5.01) 8.60 (6.81 10.68) 12.12 (9.78 14.79) 1.88 (1.22 2.77)
Ohio 5.92 (5.35 6.53) 9.47 (8.41 10.61) 16.72 (15.29 18.24) 3.60 (2.99 4.31)
Oklahoma 5.40 (4.44 6.49) 9.88 (7.92 12.13) 13.41 (10.89 16.27) 3.29 (2.34 4.49)
Oregon 8.73 (7.40 10.21) 12.11 (9.95 14.55) 23.50 (20.23 27.02) 5.89 (4.45 7.63)
Pennsylvania 5.93 (5.34 6.56) 9.68 (8.66 10.78) 16.63 (15.16 18.17) 3.86 (3.21 4.60)
Rhode Island 8.19 (6.90 9.62) 12.98 (10.66 15.59) 23.96 (20.56 27.62) 5.24 (3.88 6.91)
South Carolina 5.70 (4.68 6.86) 9.12 (7.32 11.19) 15.00 (12.48 17.82) 3.71 (2.65 5.04)
South Dakota 4.45 (3.65 5.36) 8.85 (7.06 10.93) 11.81 (9.55 14.40) 2.33 (1.60 3.27)
Tennessee 6.17 (5.07 7.42) 10.42 (8.47 12.65) 15.44 (12.66 18.56) 4.10 (2.97 5.49)
Texas 5.31 (4.77 5.90) 8.80 (7.83 9.86) 13.67 (12.34 15.08) 3.10 (2.50 3.80)
Utah 4.97 (3.99 6.10) 6.85 (5.27 8.73) 10.58 (8.43 13.07) 2.94 (1.93 4.27)
Vermont 10.50 (9.00 12.16) 15.99 (13.52 18.71) 31.75 (28.09 35.59) 6.37 (4.71 8.40)
Virginia 5.54 (4.60 6.60) 8.48 (6.92 10.27) 16.14 (13.31 19.29) 3.46 (2.53 4.62)
Washington 7.73 (6.44 9.20) 11.44 (9.48 13.63) 18.79 (15.90 21.96) 5.36 (3.97 7.05)
West Virginia 5.03 (4.12 6.07) 10.13 (8.26 12.26) 14.91 (12.26 17.90) 2.85 (2.01 3.93)
Wisconsin 6.30 (5.29 7.43) 10.08 (8.34 12.05) 16.84 (14.07 19.90) 3.91 (2.89 5.17)
Wyoming 5.70 (4.74 6.78) 10.01 (8.07 12.24) 15.79 (13.14 18.75) 3.04 (2.13 4.19)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.2 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 5.09       7.64       14.59       3.13      
Alabama 4.17 (3.33 5.15) 5.98 (4.54 7.71) 12.09 (9.67 14.86) 2.58 (1.78 3.62)
Alaska 7.09 (5.96 8.37) 9.88 (7.99 12.04) 19.06 (16.12 22.29) 4.04 (2.87 5.50)
Arizona 4.57 (3.68 5.61) 7.39 (5.78 9.28) 12.25 (10.02 14.79) 2.78 (1.91 3.91)
Arkansas 4.97 (4.07 5.99) 7.22 (5.70 8.99) 14.50 (12.03 17.26) 3.03 (2.14 4.16)
California 5.96 (5.32 6.66) 8.16 (7.25 9.14) 14.45 (13.05 15.95) 4.09 (3.35 4.94)
Colorado 7.43 (6.24 8.77) 10.96 (8.88 13.32) 21.32 (18.15 24.76) 4.49 (3.25 6.02)
Connecticut 6.26 (5.17 7.49) 10.76 (8.74 13.06) 20.73 (17.26 24.55) 3.68 (2.60 5.04)
Delaware 6.38 (5.29 7.62) 9.56 (7.67 11.73) 19.22 (16.27 22.45) 3.92 (2.83 5.28)
District of Columbia 5.92 (4.75 7.28) 7.37 (5.63 9.44) 14.86 (12.13 17.92) 4.30 (3.05 5.88)
Florida 4.70 (4.13 5.31) 7.46 (6.47 8.54) 13.11 (11.72 14.60) 3.21 (2.58 3.95)
Georgia 4.61 (3.72 5.64) 5.41 (4.17 6.90) 13.02 (10.63 15.73) 3.00 (2.11 4.13)
Hawaii 5.82 (4.53 7.35) 9.32 (7.10 11.96) 15.11 (12.05 18.59) 3.95 (2.60 5.74)
Idaho 4.37 (3.53 5.34) 6.07 (4.65 7.77) 11.94 (9.62 14.59) 2.49 (1.70 3.52)
Illinois 5.60 (5.04 6.21) 8.27 (7.25 9.39) 16.81 (15.32 18.37) 3.31 (2.70 4.00)
Indiana 3.92 (3.15 4.81) 7.23 (5.66 9.07) 11.41 (9.19 13.96) 2.16 (1.47 3.06)
Iowa 3.49 (2.78 4.31) 5.44 (4.10 7.06) 11.57 (9.33 14.12) 1.79 (1.18 2.60)
Kansas 4.66 (3.82 5.63) 8.01 (6.24 10.08) 14.39 (11.74 17.37) 2.38 (1.64 3.34)
Kentucky 4.96 (4.10 5.94) 8.99 (7.19 11.05) 14.10 (11.67 16.81) 2.85 (2.03 3.88)
Louisiana 3.82 (3.08 4.68) 5.81 (4.44 7.45) 11.41 (9.17 13.99) 1.98 (1.30 2.89)
Maine 7.13 (6.04 8.35) 11.12 (9.09 13.43) 23.53 (20.24 27.07) 4.20 (3.10 5.54)
Maryland 4.69 (3.78 5.75) 7.79 (6.16 9.70) 14.39 (11.91 17.17) 2.83 (1.94 3.98)
Massachusetts 8.86 (7.44 10.45) 12.59 (10.29 15.18) 24.85 (21.50 28.44) 6.03 (4.49 7.89)
Michigan 6.01 (5.44 6.62) 9.40 (8.34 10.55) 17.45 (15.88 19.11) 3.60 (2.98 4.30)
Minnesota 5.33 (4.42 6.36) 8.77 (6.96 10.85) 16.44 (13.73 19.45) 2.84 (1.99 3.92)
Mississippi 3.83 (3.08 4.70) 5.55 (4.21 7.15) 12.18 (9.73 14.99) 1.96 (1.33 2.79)
Missouri 4.42 (3.61 5.35) 7.31 (5.70 9.21) 12.96 (10.58 15.65) 2.55 (1.80 3.52)
Montana 5.11 (4.23 6.10) 9.32 (7.38 11.58) 16.39 (13.78 19.27) 2.53 (1.72 3.58)
Nebraska 3.69 (2.96 4.53) 6.68 (5.13 8.53) 10.59 (8.29 13.27) 1.96 (1.31 2.82)
Nevada 5.17 (4.21 6.28) 9.32 (7.31 11.68) 14.16 (11.40 17.30) 3.23 (2.30 4.40)
New Hampshire 6.97 (5.86 8.21) 11.79 (9.67 14.19) 22.01 (18.52 25.81) 4.04 (2.97 5.37)
New Jersey 4.43 (3.60 5.39) 6.04 (4.75 7.56) 15.43 (12.72 18.46) 2.65 (1.83 3.69)
New Mexico 5.97 (4.89 7.20) 11.59 (9.30 14.21) 14.11 (11.55 17.00) 3.53 (2.45 4.90)
New York 5.27 (4.74 5.83) 7.42 (6.46 8.46) 17.46 (15.91 19.08) 3.09 (2.51 3.75)
North Carolina 5.80 (4.73 7.04) 6.67 (5.20 8.39) 15.80 (13.15 18.74) 4.11 (2.98 5.52)
North Dakota 3.31 (2.64 4.09) 6.36 (4.85 8.16) 10.34 (8.19 12.83) 1.48 (0.94 2.22)
Ohio 4.61 (4.14 5.11) 6.99 (6.11 7.95) 14.43 (13.12 15.82) 2.62 (2.12 3.20)
Oklahoma 3.55 (2.80 4.43) 6.46 (4.83 8.43) 9.67 (7.59 12.09) 2.02 (1.35 2.90)
Oregon 7.19 (5.98 8.56) 9.07 (7.22 11.21) 20.43 (17.31 23.83) 4.80 (3.51 6.38)
Pennsylvania 4.76 (4.26 5.30) 7.37 (6.47 8.34) 14.95 (13.57 16.41) 2.92 (2.38 3.54)
Rhode Island 6.78 (5.65 8.07) 10.29 (8.22 12.68) 21.53 (18.29 25.05) 4.16 (3.01 5.59)
South Carolina 4.10 (3.31 5.03) 6.59 (5.12 8.32) 12.48 (10.20 15.06) 2.39 (1.63 3.39)
South Dakota 3.69 (2.95 4.56) 6.83 (5.22 8.74) 10.46 (8.19 13.12) 1.88 (1.25 2.72)
Tennessee 4.78 (3.87 5.83) 7.67 (6.05 9.55) 13.18 (10.68 16.01) 3.02 (2.13 4.16)
Texas 3.63 (3.21 4.09) 6.09 (5.25 7.02) 10.30 (9.12 11.58) 1.91 (1.47 2.44)
Utah 3.51 (2.76 4.39) 5.00 (3.65 6.66) 8.07 (6.22 10.26) 1.87 (1.17 2.84)
Vermont 9.06 (7.77 10.49) 13.20 (10.94 15.73) 28.56 (25.29 32.01) 5.39 (4.01 7.08)
Virginia 4.28 (3.49 5.20) 5.76 (4.44 7.34) 13.46 (10.88 16.39) 2.63 (1.87 3.59)
Washington 5.95 (4.86 7.19) 9.56 (7.75 11.63) 15.69 (12.89 18.83) 3.81 (2.71 5.18)
West Virginia 3.96 (3.16 4.90) 7.03 (5.50 8.82) 11.91 (9.58 14.58) 2.33 (1.57 3.32)
Wisconsin 4.95 (4.11 5.91) 7.80 (6.22 9.64) 15.21 (12.64 18.06) 2.75 (1.96 3.74)
Wyoming 4.35 (3.56 5.26) 7.63 (5.93 9.64) 12.54 (10.20 15.20) 2.23 (1.53 3.12)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.3 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 42.90       36.78       28.46       46.19      
Alabama 50.98 (47.49 54.46) 43.43 (39.70 47.22) 35.95 (32.00 40.04) 54.52 (50.20 58.79)
Alaska 35.81 (33.00 38.69) 31.16 (27.67 34.82) 21.74 (18.68 25.04) 39.66 (36.00 43.40)
Arizona 43.24 (40.13 46.40) 33.76 (30.27 37.37) 29.45 (26.10 32.98) 47.12 (43.17 51.09)
Arkansas 48.69 (45.50 51.88) 39.97 (36.43 43.59) 31.77 (28.14 35.58) 52.77 (48.83 56.69)
California 40.98 (39.29 42.69) 34.61 (32.89 36.35) 31.45 (29.64 33.30) 43.64 (41.46 45.84)
Colorado 34.23 (31.13 37.44) 28.42 (25.15 31.86) 20.56 (17.50 23.89) 37.47 (33.58 41.48)
Connecticut 34.71 (31.77 37.74) 29.09 (25.94 32.39) 20.94 (17.84 24.32) 37.34 (33.76 41.02)
Delaware 36.87 (33.86 39.96) 32.52 (29.18 36.00) 25.25 (22.07 28.64) 39.29 (35.59 43.08)
District of Columbia 38.56 (35.27 41.92) 33.78 (29.94 37.79) 23.08 (19.99 26.40) 41.61 (37.59 45.71)
Florida 47.30 (45.46 49.14) 41.42 (39.36 43.51) 34.42 (32.38 36.50) 49.76 (47.49 52.04)
Georgia 44.96 (41.73 48.22) 36.01 (32.83 39.27) 28.84 (25.38 32.49) 49.10 (45.01 53.19)
Hawaii 39.69 (36.19 43.27) 31.15 (27.36 35.14) 24.93 (21.13 29.04) 43.03 (38.73 47.40)
Idaho 43.30 (40.48 46.15) 40.11 (36.58 43.73) 28.95 (25.58 32.51) 46.85 (43.20 50.52)
Illinois 42.45 (40.79 44.11) 37.53 (35.60 39.49) 27.94 (26.14 29.79) 45.62 (43.51 47.74)
Indiana 44.62 (41.43 47.85) 40.53 (37.01 44.12) 28.42 (24.84 32.20) 48.02 (44.07 52.00)
Iowa 46.42 (43.25 49.62) 43.55 (39.91 47.24) 31.54 (28.10 35.14) 49.45 (45.49 53.42)
Kansas 43.24 (40.10 46.41) 37.66 (33.98 41.45) 24.45 (21.09 28.06) 47.51 (43.52 51.52)
Kentucky 48.31 (45.07 51.56) 40.42 (36.86 44.06) 30.65 (27.40 34.04) 52.40 (48.34 56.43)
Louisiana 48.01 (45.00 51.03) 38.84 (35.34 42.43) 31.25 (27.73 34.94) 52.82 (48.98 56.63)
Maine 35.22 (32.39 38.12) 30.16 (26.76 33.72) 16.57 (13.62 19.86) 38.63 (35.19 42.15)
Maryland 39.12 (35.92 42.40) 33.73 (30.33 37.26) 25.97 (22.93 29.20) 41.81 (37.87 45.82)
Massachusetts 32.91 (29.83 36.10) 26.91 (23.73 30.27) 16.86 (14.09 19.92) 36.03 (32.27 39.92)
Michigan 41.24 (39.54 42.95) 35.57 (33.66 37.51) 24.66 (22.95 26.44) 44.84 (42.71 46.99)
Minnesota 39.72 (36.66 42.83) 37.50 (34.05 41.05) 23.99 (20.85 27.35) 42.86 (38.99 46.79)
Mississippi 54.07 (50.67 57.44) 48.03 (44.08 52.01) 41.28 (37.23 45.43) 57.45 (53.13 61.69)
Missouri 44.22 (41.07 47.40) 39.59 (36.02 43.25) 28.27 (24.89 31.85) 47.59 (43.67 51.53)
Montana 41.29 (38.22 44.41) 35.33 (31.75 39.04) 24.65 (21.73 27.76) 45.06 (41.23 48.92)
Nebraska 41.70 (38.76 44.69) 39.11 (35.36 42.97) 27.47 (24.14 31.00) 44.72 (41.02 48.47)
Nevada 40.39 (37.32 43.51) 32.82 (29.05 36.77) 26.79 (23.29 30.51) 43.49 (39.75 47.29)
New Hampshire 32.86 (29.83 35.99) 27.51 (24.40 30.80) 19.60 (16.49 23.01) 35.59 (31.88 39.43)
New Jersey 42.63 (39.55 45.75) 36.77 (33.74 39.89) 26.74 (23.29 30.43) 45.64 (41.88 49.44)
New Mexico 39.88 (36.81 43.00) 29.33 (25.89 32.96) 27.52 (24.00 31.26) 43.90 (40.02 47.84)
New York 43.07 (41.31 44.84) 33.52 (31.67 35.41) 26.54 (24.73 28.41) 46.86 (44.65 49.08)
North Carolina 42.29 (39.25 45.38) 37.48 (34.19 40.85) 23.72 (20.56 27.12) 45.86 (42.07 49.69)
North Dakota 45.41 (42.44 48.40) 37.99 (34.62 41.43) 25.05 (21.80 28.52) 50.48 (46.69 54.26)
Ohio 40.62 (39.01 42.25) 36.97 (35.09 38.89) 26.22 (24.44 28.05) 43.56 (41.51 45.62)
Oklahoma 47.90 (44.73 51.07) 40.34 (36.36 44.41) 35.56 (31.51 39.78) 51.24 (47.26 55.22)
Oregon 33.43 (30.15 36.85) 31.60 (28.11 35.26) 19.89 (16.91 23.14) 35.87 (31.84 40.06)
Pennsylvania 45.20 (43.46 46.94) 38.42 (36.56 40.30) 26.68 (24.88 28.54) 48.81 (46.63 50.99)
Rhode Island 38.33 (35.14 41.59) 30.23 (26.81 33.81) 18.30 (15.35 21.55) 42.33 (38.41 46.33)
South Carolina 46.60 (43.37 49.85) 40.79 (37.07 44.59) 34.94 (31.19 38.84) 49.29 (45.30 53.28)
South Dakota 41.63 (38.61 44.70) 36.97 (33.45 40.60) 28.91 (25.54 32.45) 44.84 (41.00 48.73)
Tennessee 45.19 (41.95 48.45) 38.75 (35.13 42.46) 27.64 (24.00 31.52) 48.90 (44.93 52.89)
Texas 48.99 (47.28 50.70) 40.86 (38.97 42.77) 34.36 (32.48 36.29) 53.18 (50.94 55.42)
Utah 44.88 (41.84 47.94) 41.43 (37.52 45.42) 35.82 (32.19 39.59) 48.23 (44.12 52.35)
Vermont 28.16 (25.42 31.03) 23.78 (20.80 26.97) 14.48 (12.05 17.18) 30.93 (27.52 34.51)
Virginia 41.84 (38.86 44.86) 37.59 (34.41 40.85) 26.45 (23.02 30.11) 44.85 (41.18 48.56)
Washington 35.72 (32.55 38.98) 32.68 (29.44 36.05) 23.82 (20.57 27.31) 38.14 (34.20 42.20)
West Virginia 48.23 (45.16 51.31) 39.89 (36.49 43.35) 29.21 (25.74 32.87) 52.25 (48.46 56.02)
Wisconsin 38.24 (35.18 41.37) 34.60 (31.28 38.04) 22.84 (19.76 26.16) 41.45 (37.60 45.38)
Wyoming 40.18 (37.25 43.15) 36.24 (32.67 39.92) 26.32 (22.88 29.98) 43.52 (39.81 47.29)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.4 Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.59       6.25       5.70       0.14      
Alabama 1.33 (1.12 1.59) 5.35 (4.28 6.66) 5.44 (4.14 7.11) 0.12 (0.07 0.21)
Alaska 2.28 (1.91 2.72) 7.05 (5.66 8.74) 6.92 (5.22 9.12) 0.14 (0.08 0.26)
Arizona 1.64 (1.37 1.96) 6.83 (5.51 8.43) 4.71 (3.55 6.23) 0.14 (0.07 0.26)
Arkansas 1.53 (1.29 1.81) 6.32 (5.15 7.74) 5.59 (4.28 7.27) 0.13 (0.07 0.24)
California 1.59 (1.44 1.77) 6.17 (5.52 6.90) 4.58 (3.84 5.45) 0.15 (0.09 0.25)
Colorado 1.95 (1.61 2.36) 7.57 (6.13 9.31) 6.12 (4.45 8.35) 0.18 (0.09 0.35)
Connecticut 1.68 (1.41 2.00) 7.11 (5.76 8.76) 7.03 (5.27 9.33) 0.14 (0.07 0.27)
Delaware 2.12 (1.78 2.52) 8.66 (7.05 10.59) 7.98 (6.11 10.37) 0.16 (0.09 0.29)
District of Columbia 1.62 (1.33 1.98) 5.76 (4.49 7.37) 6.97 (5.34 9.06) 0.22 (0.10 0.50)
Florida 1.32 (1.18 1.47) 6.46 (5.70 7.31) 4.73 (3.96 5.63) 0.12 (0.07 0.19)
Georgia 1.44 (1.20 1.72) 5.10 (4.13 6.28) 4.99 (3.78 6.56) 0.15 (0.08 0.29)
Hawaii 1.62 (1.34 1.95) 7.62 (6.06 9.53) 5.99 (4.37 8.15) 0.08 (0.04 0.19)
Idaho 1.68 (1.39 2.01) 5.56 (4.45 6.94) 5.26 (3.95 6.97) 0.14 (0.08 0.26)
Illinois 1.76 (1.59 1.94) 6.75 (6.01 7.57) 6.57 (5.62 7.66) 0.15 (0.09 0.23)
Indiana 1.48 (1.25 1.76) 6.17 (5.04 7.54) 5.18 (3.89 6.88) 0.14 (0.08 0.24)
Iowa 1.31 (1.10 1.57) 5.02 (3.97 6.33) 5.08 (3.92 6.56) 0.11 (0.06 0.21)
Kansas 1.78 (1.48 2.14) 6.49 (5.17 8.13) 6.29 (4.82 8.18) 0.14 (0.07 0.25)
Kentucky 1.69 (1.44 1.99) 7.33 (6.01 8.91) 6.34 (4.91 8.15) 0.16 (0.08 0.31)
Louisiana 1.48 (1.24 1.77) 5.31 (4.23 6.64) 5.02 (3.80 6.60) 0.14 (0.08 0.26)
Maine 1.71 (1.44 2.03) 6.47 (5.22 8.00) 8.52 (6.49 11.10) 0.14 (0.07 0.25)
Maryland 1.56 (1.31 1.86) 6.23 (5.03 7.71) 6.27 (4.86 8.07) 0.14 (0.08 0.25)
Massachusetts 2.07 (1.75 2.46) 8.30 (6.84 10.05) 8.65 (6.60 11.27) 0.16 (0.09 0.29)
Michigan 1.88 (1.70 2.08) 6.98 (6.24 7.80) 7.18 (6.18 8.34) 0.16 (0.10 0.26)
Minnesota 2.10 (1.78 2.49) 7.21 (5.87 8.82) 7.82 (6.15 9.90) 0.15 (0.08 0.29)
Mississippi 1.50 (1.25 1.80) 5.40 (4.31 6.74) 5.13 (3.90 6.71) 0.17 (0.09 0.35)
Missouri 1.67 (1.40 1.98) 6.67 (5.40 8.21) 6.28 (4.84 8.12) 0.13 (0.07 0.24)
Montana 1.85 (1.56 2.19) 7.20 (5.79 8.93) 7.76 (6.06 9.90) 0.12 (0.06 0.24)
Nebraska 1.75 (1.47 2.07) 6.29 (5.07 7.78) 6.56 (5.08 8.42) 0.13 (0.07 0.24)
Nevada 1.84 (1.52 2.22) 7.90 (6.31 9.84) 6.54 (4.82 8.83) 0.14 (0.08 0.27)
New Hampshire 2.01 (1.68 2.40) 7.29 (5.94 8.92) 8.33 (6.28 10.98) 0.16 (0.09 0.29)
New Jersey 1.38 (1.17 1.64) 5.52 (4.56 6.66) 6.22 (4.75 8.12) 0.13 (0.07 0.24)
New Mexico 2.13 (1.77 2.55) 8.80 (7.09 10.87) 5.99 (4.44 8.03) 0.15 (0.07 0.31)
New York 1.49 (1.34 1.65) 6.01 (5.34 6.75) 5.90 (5.05 6.88) 0.15 (0.09 0.24)
North Carolina 1.62 (1.36 1.93) 6.05 (4.90 7.45) 6.83 (5.19 8.94) 0.14 (0.08 0.26)
North Dakota 1.99 (1.68 2.35) 7.37 (6.03 8.98) 7.49 (5.82 9.60) 0.12 (0.06 0.22)
Ohio 1.58 (1.43 1.75) 6.24 (5.56 6.99) 6.01 (5.15 7.00) 0.12 (0.08 0.20)
Oklahoma 1.68 (1.41 2.00) 7.04 (5.62 8.80) 5.39 (4.14 6.97) 0.13 (0.07 0.23)
Oregon 1.68 (1.41 2.00) 6.61 (5.30 8.22) 6.28 (4.78 8.21) 0.15 (0.08 0.27)
Pennsylvania 1.42 (1.29 1.56) 5.87 (5.19 6.62) 6.18 (5.36 7.11) 0.12 (0.07 0.19)
Rhode Island 1.82 (1.53 2.17) 7.52 (6.08 9.27) 7.26 (5.53 9.48) 0.17 (0.09 0.33)
South Carolina 1.61 (1.35 1.91) 6.68 (5.44 8.19) 5.85 (4.49 7.60) 0.14 (0.08 0.26)
South Dakota 1.54 (1.30 1.82) 6.07 (4.91 7.49) 4.90 (3.75 6.40) 0.11 (0.06 0.20)
Tennessee 1.53 (1.28 1.84) 6.36 (5.15 7.84) 5.85 (4.40 7.74) 0.14 (0.08 0.24)
Texas 1.47 (1.32 1.63) 5.22 (4.59 5.92) 4.77 (4.06 5.59) 0.14 (0.08 0.24)
Utah 1.62 (1.32 1.98) 4.71 (3.64 6.07) 3.93 (2.97 5.18) 0.14 (0.07 0.28)
Vermont 2.70 (2.29 3.18) 9.37 (7.77 11.26) 10.30 (8.05 13.09) 0.21 (0.10 0.42)
Virginia 1.40 (1.16 1.69) 4.86 (3.90 6.05) 5.73 (4.31 7.58) 0.15 (0.08 0.28)
Washington 1.81 (1.52 2.16) 6.93 (5.63 8.49) 6.35 (4.82 8.31) 0.14 (0.07 0.26)
West Virginia 1.29 (1.09 1.52) 6.43 (5.23 7.90) 4.88 (3.69 6.42) 0.11 (0.06 0.21)
Wisconsin 1.78 (1.50 2.11) 6.68 (5.47 8.13) 6.11 (4.68 7.94) 0.16 (0.08 0.30)
Wyoming 1.97 (1.65 2.35) 6.97 (5.60 8.64) 6.71 (5.10 8.79) 0.13 (0.07 0.25)
NOTE: Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above employ a Taylor linearization combining the hierarchical Bayes posterior variances for the two marijuana use/never use prevalences. Because these two prevalences were estimated independently, the hierarchical Bayes solutions did not provide the between prevalence correlations required to complete the linearization. For this purpose, simple Pearson's correlations between the two prevalences were calculated by age group across the 50 States and the District of Columbia.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.5 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.85       4.76       6.86       1.91      
Alabama 2.70 (2.09 3.42) 5.04 (3.80 6.54) 6.91 (5.21 8.95) 1.68 (1.08 2.49)
Alaska 2.96 (2.31 3.73) 4.13 (3.00 5.54) 7.32 (5.47 9.55) 1.82 (1.16 2.72)
Arizona 3.44 (2.73 4.26) 5.93 (4.52 7.62) 7.91 (6.09 10.06) 2.27 (1.54 3.23)
Arkansas 3.16 (2.50 3.94) 6.14 (4.77 7.76) 8.09 (6.26 10.25) 1.91 (1.23 2.83)
California 3.47 (2.98 4.01) 4.90 (4.21 5.67) 7.07 (6.06 8.19) 2.60 (2.02 3.29)
Colorado 3.42 (2.74 4.21) 5.49 (4.18 7.06) 9.63 (7.58 12.00) 2.03 (1.35 2.92)
Connecticut 2.86 (2.25 3.59) 5.98 (4.54 7.69) 7.52 (5.69 9.73) 1.82 (1.20 2.65)
Delaware 2.93 (2.31 3.67) 5.08 (3.92 6.46) 7.74 (6.01 9.80) 1.88 (1.24 2.74)
District of Columbia 3.45 (2.58 4.51) 4.23 (3.03 5.73) 7.08 (5.22 9.36) 2.77 (1.81 4.04)
Florida 2.44 (2.07 2.86) 4.33 (3.60 5.17) 7.16 (6.08 8.37) 1.57 (1.18 2.06)
Georgia 2.70 (2.10 3.43) 4.56 (3.48 5.85) 6.30 (4.77 8.15) 1.80 (1.17 2.65)
Hawaii 2.69 (2.00 3.54) 5.15 (3.75 6.87) 6.96 (5.06 9.30) 1.73 (1.02 2.73)
Idaho 2.21 (1.66 2.88) 3.97 (2.88 5.32) 5.08 (3.64 6.88) 1.32 (0.78 2.08)
Illinois 2.89 (2.48 3.36) 4.25 (3.55 5.03) 6.16 (5.22 7.22) 2.14 (1.66 2.73)
Indiana 2.55 (2.00 3.22) 4.53 (3.43 5.86) 6.44 (4.82 8.39) 1.60 (1.04 2.36)
Iowa 2.05 (1.53 2.69) 4.08 (3.00 5.41) 4.98 (3.62 6.66) 1.25 (0.74 1.99)
Kansas 2.90 (2.25 3.68) 4.92 (3.69 6.43) 6.39 (4.80 8.30) 1.97 (1.29 2.87)
Kentucky 2.83 (2.23 3.52) 4.82 (3.67 6.21) 7.28 (5.63 9.23) 1.80 (1.19 2.60)
Louisiana 3.57 (2.82 4.45) 6.15 (4.63 7.99) 8.14 (6.29 10.34) 2.25 (1.48 3.27)
Maine 2.89 (2.32 3.56) 5.73 (4.40 7.32) 8.86 (6.90 11.17) 1.65 (1.08 2.40)
Maryland 2.62 (2.05 3.31) 4.91 (3.73 6.32) 6.46 (4.90 8.33) 1.75 (1.15 2.54)
Massachusetts 3.55 (2.75 4.51) 5.12 (3.84 6.67) 7.90 (6.01 10.14) 2.72 (1.84 3.86)
Michigan 2.73 (2.36 3.15) 5.05 (4.30 5.88) 6.78 (5.80 7.87) 1.72 (1.31 2.23)
Minnesota 2.68 (2.11 3.35) 4.79 (3.65 6.17) 6.84 (5.22 8.78) 1.62 (1.05 2.39)
Mississippi 2.69 (2.12 3.38) 4.76 (3.53 6.27) 6.57 (4.96 8.52) 1.63 (1.05 2.41)
Missouri 2.28 (1.73 2.94) 4.61 (3.45 6.01) 5.29 (3.84 7.09) 1.43 (0.89 2.19)
Montana 2.67 (2.10 3.33) 5.58 (4.24 7.19) 6.91 (5.30 8.83) 1.51 (0.96 2.24)
Nebraska 2.05 (1.50 2.72) 3.91 (2.80 5.29) 4.86 (3.47 6.60) 1.25 (0.72 2.02)
Nevada 3.24 (2.48 4.17) 5.64 (4.19 7.42) 7.62 (5.60 10.09) 2.25 (1.47 3.29)
New Hampshire 3.32 (2.63 4.14) 6.31 (4.92 7.95) 9.50 (7.31 12.08) 1.98 (1.30 2.90)
New Jersey 2.46 (1.91 3.10) 4.37 (3.39 5.53) 6.75 (5.09 8.75) 1.60 (1.03 2.37)
New Mexico 2.75 (2.13 3.49) 4.48 (3.32 5.90) 5.86 (4.34 7.71) 1.89 (1.24 2.75)
New York 2.80 (2.37 3.28) 3.74 (3.06 4.53) 6.48 (5.50 7.56) 2.10 (1.61 2.69)
North Carolina 2.88 (2.25 3.64) 5.25 (4.05 6.68) 6.43 (4.78 8.43) 2.01 (1.33 2.91)
North Dakota 2.16 (1.60 2.84) 4.28 (3.12 5.72) 5.02 (3.65 6.72) 1.28 (0.73 2.09)
Ohio 2.51 (2.15 2.91) 4.59 (3.90 5.37) 6.31 (5.39 7.32) 1.58 (1.19 2.06)
Oklahoma 2.97 (2.30 3.78) 5.28 (3.91 6.95) 7.03 (5.30 9.11) 1.90 (1.22 2.82)
Oregon 3.15 (2.49 3.93) 5.18 (3.95 6.67) 8.10 (6.26 10.27) 2.09 (1.39 3.00)
Pennsylvania 2.73 (2.34 3.16) 4.70 (4.00 5.47) 7.20 (6.21 8.28) 1.81 (1.39 2.32)
Rhode Island 3.00 (2.35 3.77) 5.44 (4.08 7.08) 8.53 (6.47 10.99) 1.87 (1.21 2.76)
South Carolina 2.69 (2.09 3.40) 4.40 (3.30 5.73) 6.61 (5.05 8.48) 1.82 (1.19 2.66)
South Dakota 2.12 (1.58 2.78) 4.10 (2.95 5.53) 5.48 (3.98 7.35) 1.15 (0.65 1.89)
Tennessee 2.93 (2.25 3.75) 5.87 (4.47 7.55) 6.56 (4.87 8.62) 1.96 (1.27 2.89)
Texas 2.72 (2.37 3.10) 4.64 (3.96 5.41) 7.00 (6.05 8.03) 1.57 (1.18 2.03)
Utah 2.75 (2.13 3.49) 3.80 (2.72 5.14) 5.45 (4.02 7.20) 1.75 (1.08 2.69)
Vermont 3.59 (2.89 4.41) 5.61 (4.30 7.19) 10.51 (8.43 12.89) 2.22 (1.49 3.17)
Virginia 2.57 (2.01 3.24) 4.33 (3.31 5.54) 7.07 (5.31 9.20) 1.62 (1.06 2.37)
Washington 2.94 (2.33 3.66) 4.79 (3.68 6.11) 7.73 (5.98 9.80) 1.87 (1.24 2.72)
West Virginia 2.69 (2.12 3.36) 5.32 (4.07 6.82) 6.58 (4.97 8.51) 1.76 (1.18 2.52)
Wisconsin 2.74 (2.12 3.47) 4.26 (3.21 5.52) 5.71 (4.25 7.49) 2.00 (1.32 2.90)
Wyoming 2.57 (2.02 3.23) 4.77 (3.57 6.24) 6.78 (5.08 8.85) 1.40 (0.88 2.11)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.6 Percentages Reporting Past Year Use of Cocaine, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.70       1.60       5.01       1.15      
Alabama 1.50 (1.03 2.11) 1.47 (0.93 2.20) 4.16 (2.97 5.65) 1.05 (0.58 1.76)
Alaska 2.18 (1.58 2.93) 1.72 (1.08 2.61) 5.70 (4.24 7.49) 1.51 (0.88 2.42)
Arizona 2.33 (1.70 3.11) 2.97 (1.97 4.30) 6.61 (5.00 8.55) 1.47 (0.84 2.38)
Arkansas 1.58 (1.14 2.14) 1.49 (0.98 2.16) 4.40 (3.28 5.77) 1.11 (0.65 1.77)
California 2.02 (1.66 2.44) 1.97 (1.54 2.48) 5.27 (4.47 6.16) 1.44 (1.03 1.95)
Colorado 2.79 (2.06 3.70) 2.22 (1.44 3.26) 9.01 (6.87 11.56) 1.78 (1.03 2.84)
Connecticut 1.76 (1.26 2.40) 1.72 (1.12 2.52) 5.35 (3.91 7.14) 1.27 (0.76 1.99)
Delaware 2.20 (1.55 3.01) 1.28 (0.80 1.94) 6.19 (4.64 8.07) 1.67 (0.98 2.66)
District of Columbia 2.62 (1.75 3.76) 0.73 (0.41 1.20) 4.66 (3.39 6.24) 2.49 (1.49 3.90)
Florida 1.46 (1.17 1.81) 1.39 (1.03 1.83) 4.63 (3.84 5.52) 1.04 (0.72 1.45)
Georgia 1.72 (1.22 2.36) 1.32 (0.83 1.98) 4.91 (3.62 6.50) 1.21 (0.69 1.96)
Hawaii 1.23 (0.82 1.78) 1.69 (1.02 2.63) 3.79 (2.53 5.44) 0.78 (0.39 1.39)
Idaho 1.30 (0.92 1.78) 1.74 (1.09 2.62) 3.58 (2.50 4.95) 0.75 (0.40 1.28)
Illinois 1.83 (1.48 2.23) 1.13 (0.80 1.55) 5.05 (4.21 6.00) 1.36 (0.97 1.86)
Indiana 1.46 (1.06 1.96) 1.69 (1.11 2.45) 4.87 (3.59 6.44) 0.84 (0.47 1.39)
Iowa 1.38 (0.98 1.87) 1.54 (0.99 2.28) 4.23 (3.04 5.71) 0.85 (0.48 1.40)
Kansas 1.59 (1.14 2.17) 1.37 (0.85 2.10) 4.86 (3.56 6.46) 1.02 (0.59 1.66)
Kentucky 1.81 (1.35 2.37) 1.49 (0.95 2.24) 5.88 (4.44 7.61) 1.15 (0.70 1.77)
Louisiana 1.64 (1.13 2.31) 1.37 (0.87 2.05) 3.91 (2.81 5.29) 1.23 (0.69 2.03)
Maine 1.42 (1.01 1.92) 2.01 (1.32 2.93) 4.78 (3.38 6.54) 0.84 (0.48 1.38)
Maryland 1.41 (0.98 1.96) 1.29 (0.82 1.93) 3.86 (2.81 5.17) 1.06 (0.61 1.70)
Massachusetts 2.33 (1.63 3.21) 1.72 (1.11 2.56) 6.45 (4.85 8.39) 1.79 (1.05 2.84)
Michigan 1.36 (1.10 1.66) 1.34 (0.99 1.77) 4.60 (3.85 5.46) 0.81 (0.54 1.17)
Minnesota 1.97 (1.45 2.61) 1.93 (1.27 2.79) 6.16 (4.64 7.99) 1.23 (0.72 1.96)
Mississippi 1.31 (0.88 1.88) 0.91 (0.53 1.46) 3.92 (2.71 5.46) 0.87 (0.44 1.55)
Missouri 1.23 (0.85 1.72) 1.40 (0.88 2.13) 3.82 (2.72 5.21) 0.77 (0.40 1.33)
Montana 1.76 (1.30 2.32) 1.97 (1.31 2.86) 5.90 (4.50 7.58) 1.01 (0.57 1.65)
Nebraska 1.27 (0.88 1.79) 1.40 (0.84 2.19) 3.81 (2.68 5.25) 0.78 (0.42 1.34)
Nevada 2.16 (1.52 2.98) 2.33 (1.49 3.47) 5.93 (4.26 8.00) 1.55 (0.92 2.45)
New Hampshire 1.80 (1.32 2.39) 1.92 (1.27 2.79) 6.20 (4.60 8.15) 1.12 (0.67 1.76)
New Jersey 1.31 (0.89 1.86) 1.07 (0.66 1.64) 4.64 (3.35 6.25) 0.86 (0.45 1.49)
New Mexico 2.79 (2.03 3.74) 3.27 (2.19 4.70) 7.25 (5.37 9.52) 1.87 (1.06 3.04)
New York 1.65 (1.35 2.01) 1.26 (0.93 1.68) 5.01 (4.16 5.97) 1.18 (0.85 1.60)
North Carolina 1.55 (1.11 2.11) 1.29 (0.85 1.87) 4.49 (3.27 6.00) 1.12 (0.67 1.76)
North Dakota 1.59 (1.17 2.12) 1.75 (1.15 2.56) 5.02 (3.69 6.65) 0.91 (0.52 1.46)
Ohio 1.35 (1.08 1.67) 1.11 (0.80 1.52) 4.28 (3.55 5.12) 0.89 (0.60 1.27)
Oklahoma 1.28 (0.88 1.79) 1.44 (0.89 2.20) 3.59 (2.52 4.95) 0.83 (0.45 1.42)
Oregon 1.57 (1.14 2.11) 1.58 (1.02 2.33) 5.17 (3.83 6.82) 0.98 (0.57 1.58)
Pennsylvania 1.64 (1.36 1.97) 1.45 (1.11 1.87) 5.23 (4.41 6.14) 1.14 (0.83 1.52)
Rhode Island 1.71 (1.24 2.31) 1.44 (0.90 2.19) 6.12 (4.57 8.01) 1.10 (0.65 1.75)
South Carolina 1.60 (1.12 2.22) 1.26 (0.81 1.87) 4.80 (3.53 6.37) 1.12 (0.62 1.86)
South Dakota 1.40 (1.02 1.86) 1.79 (1.15 2.64) 4.56 (3.31 6.10) 0.72 (0.39 1.23)
Tennessee 1.47 (1.01 2.06) 1.66 (1.07 2.45) 3.99 (2.81 5.50) 1.03 (0.58 1.70)
Texas 1.93 (1.61 2.30) 2.27 (1.76 2.89) 5.59 (4.74 6.55) 1.15 (0.80 1.59)
Utah 1.43 (1.01 1.96) 1.46 (0.88 2.28) 3.45 (2.39 4.82) 0.83 (0.45 1.42)
Vermont 2.13 (1.59 2.80) 1.58 (1.00 2.38) 7.52 (5.80 9.56) 1.35 (0.80 2.13)
Virginia 1.52 (1.09 2.05) 1.11 (0.68 1.73) 5.00 (3.70 6.58) 1.01 (0.59 1.61)
Washington 1.59 (1.14 2.14) 1.91 (1.26 2.78) 4.60 (3.34 6.17) 1.03 (0.59 1.67)
West Virginia 1.35 (0.94 1.88) 1.47 (0.94 2.18) 4.23 (3.06 5.69) 0.88 (0.49 1.46)
Wisconsin 1.68 (1.24 2.22) 1.62 (1.06 2.36) 5.06 (3.72 6.72) 1.09 (0.66 1.71)
Wyoming 1.52 (1.09 2.07) 1.57 (0.99 2.36) 4.70 (3.40 6.32) 0.88 (0.48 1.50)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.7 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Alcohol, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 47.59       16.83       57.48       50.10      
Alabama 37.02 (33.80 40.33) 15.14 (12.79 17.74) 49.89 (45.86 53.92) 37.65 (33.65 41.79)
Alaska 49.40 (46.48 52.33) 16.00 (13.50 18.77) 55.98 (52.10 59.81) 54.17 (50.36 57.95)
Arizona 49.80 (46.42 53.19) 17.27 (14.72 20.06) 54.54 (50.79 58.25) 53.81 (49.47 58.11)
Arkansas 37.61 (34.67 40.63) 16.89 (14.48 19.53) 48.97 (45.06 52.89) 38.48 (34.82 42.24)
California 47.53 (45.91 49.14) 14.83 (13.61 16.11) 53.14 (50.98 55.28) 51.12 (49.03 53.21)
Colorado 57.98 (54.90 61.01) 20.16 (17.31 23.25) 65.67 (61.83 69.37) 61.93 (58.05 65.69)
Connecticut 59.63 (56.53 62.68) 21.79 (18.96 24.83) 68.09 (64.28 71.73) 63.16 (59.37 66.83)
Delaware 55.06 (51.84 58.24) 18.43 (15.75 21.35) 62.63 (58.95 66.21) 58.50 (54.50 62.43)
District of Columbia 50.19 (46.76 53.61) 13.51 (11.14 16.18) 61.55 (57.96 65.06) 52.33 (48.10 56.53)
Florida 48.13 (46.32 49.95) 15.85 (14.40 17.37) 53.50 (51.29 55.70) 51.23 (49.01 53.45)
Georgia 42.58 (39.34 45.87) 15.13 (12.90 17.58) 51.81 (47.83 55.77) 44.80 (40.75 48.91)
Hawaii 43.50 (40.22 46.81) 16.70 (13.94 19.77) 56.46 (52.13 60.72) 44.76 (40.76 48.81)
Idaho 41.72 (38.79 44.69) 14.77 (12.48 17.30) 51.43 (47.43 55.42) 44.08 (40.28 47.94)
Illinois 51.32 (49.62 53.02) 18.61 (17.14 20.16) 60.70 (58.76 62.61) 54.14 (51.96 56.30)
Indiana 41.62 (38.37 44.92) 13.35 (11.16 15.78) 52.19 (48.22 56.14) 43.63 (39.55 47.77)
Iowa 50.15 (47.01 53.30) 17.22 (14.74 19.93) 67.03 (63.33 70.58) 51.76 (47.78 55.71)
Kansas 48.25 (45.11 51.39) 17.91 (15.26 20.81) 62.09 (58.11 65.96) 50.18 (46.25 54.11)
Kentucky 35.88 (32.87 38.97) 17.05 (14.45 19.90) 51.58 (47.75 55.41) 35.61 (31.87 39.48)
Louisiana 45.67 (42.55 48.81) 19.55 (16.70 22.65) 57.11 (53.17 60.97) 47.42 (43.42 51.45)
Maine 54.34 (51.29 57.36) 19.99 (17.29 22.91) 67.31 (63.40 71.05) 56.79 (53.05 60.48)
Maryland 48.03 (44.70 51.37) 18.30 (15.59 21.25) 59.60 (55.73 63.39) 50.12 (45.96 54.27)
Massachusetts 60.12 (56.97 63.21) 22.71 (19.71 25.93) 74.24 (70.77 77.50) 62.61 (58.69 66.42)
Michigan 50.17 (48.51 51.82) 17.74 (16.28 19.28) 64.08 (62.07 66.06) 52.36 (50.25 54.47)
Minnesota 58.36 (55.29 61.39) 19.81 (17.13 22.72) 70.12 (66.47 73.58) 61.94 (58.06 65.71)
Mississippi 32.60 (29.59 35.71) 12.75 (10.62 15.13) 46.26 (42.34 50.21) 32.98 (29.17 36.96)
Missouri 46.66 (43.40 49.93) 18.01 (15.41 20.84) 59.72 (55.98 63.38) 48.42 (44.31 52.55)
Montana 54.10 (51.04 57.14) 19.68 (16.81 22.79) 64.40 (60.70 67.97) 57.32 (53.49 61.08)
Nebraska 54.05 (50.97 57.10) 21.54 (18.67 24.62) 68.59 (64.88 72.14) 56.22 (52.32 60.06)
Nevada 52.98 (49.72 56.22) 19.63 (16.59 22.95) 60.40 (56.01 64.67) 56.19 (52.22 60.10)
New Hampshire 60.20 (56.98 63.36) 22.60 (19.69 25.72) 68.36 (64.48 72.05) 64.13 (60.13 67.98)
New Jersey 53.44 (50.23 56.63) 17.65 (15.31 20.19) 61.14 (57.36 64.82) 56.72 (52.82 60.56)
New Mexico 48.10 (45.09 51.13) 17.96 (15.32 20.84) 55.12 (50.93 59.26) 51.57 (47.72 55.40)
New York 48.90 (47.16 50.64) 17.64 (16.17 19.19) 60.52 (58.43 62.58) 51.01 (48.84 53.19)
North Carolina 38.42 (35.45 41.46) 13.57 (11.43 15.93) 50.91 (47.04 54.77) 39.77 (36.11 43.52)
North Dakota 57.36 (54.33 60.35) 24.72 (21.58 28.08) 75.47 (72.01 78.70) 58.81 (54.90 62.65)
Ohio 47.23 (45.60 48.87) 16.36 (15.01 17.78) 60.69 (58.70 62.65) 49.14 (47.07 51.21)
Oklahoma 37.83 (34.76 40.98) 15.68 (13.10 18.54) 53.07 (48.91 57.20) 38.32 (34.51 42.25)
Oregon 49.16 (45.79 52.54) 15.18 (12.78 17.83) 58.42 (54.60 62.17) 52.00 (47.82 56.16)
Pennsylvania 50.11 (48.47 51.74) 17.57 (16.15 19.07) 62.03 (60.09 63.95) 52.44 (50.40 54.47)
Rhode Island 58.00 (54.69 61.26) 18.69 (15.86 21.77) 67.14 (63.38 70.74) 61.77 (57.69 65.73)
South Carolina 40.50 (37.34 43.71) 14.96 (12.70 17.46) 51.69 (47.93 55.44) 42.00 (38.07 46.00)
South Dakota 52.14 (49.08 55.19) 19.02 (16.28 22.01) 68.21 (64.39 71.85) 54.26 (50.29 58.19)
Tennessee 35.90 (32.79 39.11) 13.26 (11.06 15.73) 47.75 (43.60 51.92) 36.86 (33.03 40.81)
Texas 44.20 (42.46 45.94) 17.62 (16.16 19.16) 54.98 (52.99 56.96) 46.19 (43.92 48.48)
Utah 28.91 (26.12 31.83) 10.36 (8.12 12.96) 32.39 (28.88 36.05) 31.74 (27.90 35.78)
Vermont 61.58 (58.60 64.49) 21.56 (18.73 24.61) 69.96 (66.51 73.25) 65.67 (61.95 69.25)
Virginia 47.02 (43.92 50.15) 12.39 (10.26 14.78) 56.83 (52.69 60.91) 49.87 (46.04 53.71)
Washington 50.03 (46.74 53.33) 16.16 (13.83 18.70) 55.61 (51.78 59.39) 53.72 (49.59 57.81)
West Virginia 36.45 (33.57 39.41) 17.00 (14.46 19.79) 51.57 (47.60 55.53) 36.29 (32.77 39.91)
Wisconsin 59.84 (56.78 62.85) 20.67 (17.96 23.59) 69.37 (65.74 72.84) 63.80 (59.90 67.56)
Wyoming 53.34 (50.21 56.44) 20.48 (17.53 23.70) 63.80 (59.95 67.52) 56.36 (52.37 60.29)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.8 Percentages Reporting Past Month Binge Alcohol Use, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 20.58       10.53       38.12       18.97      
Alabama 18.29 (16.11 20.64) 10.43 (8.54 12.58) 31.51 (27.88 35.33) 17.05 (14.48 19.88)
Alaska 20.19 (18.03 22.50) 9.83 (7.95 11.97) 35.42 (31.64 39.35) 18.88 (16.17 21.83)
Arizona 21.52 (19.11 24.09) 11.20 (9.17 13.49) 36.38 (32.74 40.14) 20.41 (17.44 23.63)
Arkansas 19.17 (17.09 21.38) 11.15 (9.25 13.29) 34.76 (31.14 38.52) 17.59 (15.14 20.25)
California 19.14 (17.93 20.40) 9.24 (8.29 10.27) 32.38 (30.45 34.36) 18.11 (16.60 19.68)
Colorado 22.02 (19.69 24.49) 12.67 (10.59 15.00) 45.81 (41.80 49.85) 19.13 (16.35 22.16)
Connecticut 22.28 (19.93 24.78) 14.62 (12.23 17.28) 46.41 (42.15 50.71) 19.87 (17.12 22.84)
Delaware 21.51 (19.26 23.89) 10.74 (8.85 12.87) 40.35 (36.70 44.09) 19.86 (17.19 22.76)
District of Columbia 21.96 (19.42 24.67) 7.29 (5.69 9.17) 39.02 (35.31 42.83) 20.77 (17.78 24.03)
Florida 18.78 (17.51 20.10) 9.12 (8.01 10.33) 33.29 (31.29 35.33) 17.94 (16.41 19.55)
Georgia 19.84 (17.54 22.29) 8.80 (7.13 10.72) 33.60 (29.91 37.45) 18.94 (16.17 21.96)
Hawaii 18.71 (16.38 21.21) 10.71 (8.56 13.19) 34.64 (30.73 38.72) 17.21 (14.48 20.22)
Idaho 19.62 (17.57 21.79) 10.75 (8.84 12.92) 36.24 (32.59 40.01) 17.57 (15.10 20.26)
Illinois 24.07 (22.71 25.46) 11.42 (10.28 12.65) 42.66 (40.69 44.65) 22.57 (20.88 24.31)
Indiana 18.99 (16.83 21.29) 8.25 (6.65 10.09) 33.71 (30.05 37.52) 17.87 (15.27 20.72)
Iowa 21.94 (19.76 24.25) 11.64 (9.71 13.79) 46.62 (42.84 50.44) 19.01 (16.40 21.84)
Kansas 19.94 (17.81 22.21) 10.54 (8.65 12.68) 41.59 (37.71 45.55) 17.36 (14.83 20.11)
Kentucky 18.26 (16.31 20.34) 11.27 (9.19 13.63) 36.84 (33.36 40.42) 15.95 (13.63 18.49)
Louisiana 22.27 (19.96 24.72) 11.28 (9.28 13.53) 37.94 (34.33 41.66) 20.82 (17.99 23.87)
Maine 22.65 (20.46 24.95) 12.84 (10.72 15.22) 46.25 (42.18 50.36) 20.40 (17.84 23.14)
Maryland 19.54 (17.34 21.89) 10.57 (8.72 12.65) 37.09 (33.56 40.72) 18.04 (15.43 20.90)
Massachusetts 25.90 (23.38 28.55) 13.74 (11.55 16.16) 52.55 (48.65 56.43) 23.44 (20.44 26.66)
Michigan 21.93 (20.68 23.23) 12.23 (11.01 13.54) 43.78 (41.79 45.79) 19.60 (18.03 21.24)
Minnesota 24.05 (21.77 26.44) 12.59 (10.48 14.97) 48.48 (44.44 52.54) 21.36 (18.60 24.33)
Mississippi 18.27 (16.09 20.60) 8.73 (7.00 10.73) 30.46 (27.04 34.06) 17.36 (14.71 20.27)
Missouri 19.97 (17.81 22.27) 12.02 (9.85 14.48) 38.80 (35.13 42.56) 17.86 (15.28 20.67)
Montana 23.21 (21.02 25.52) 12.86 (10.69 15.29) 46.99 (43.27 50.75) 20.58 (17.93 23.43)
Nebraska 22.80 (20.62 25.09) 13.68 (11.44 16.17) 47.26 (43.34 51.21) 19.63 (17.02 22.46)
Nevada 23.75 (21.21 26.44) 12.92 (10.62 15.52) 41.77 (37.60 46.02) 22.36 (19.39 25.57)
New Hampshire 21.85 (19.57 24.26) 12.90 (10.82 15.21) 46.01 (41.90 50.16) 19.43 (16.76 22.33)
New Jersey 21.32 (19.02 23.75) 10.92 (9.24 12.80) 39.07 (35.33 42.92) 20.02 (17.31 22.96)
New Mexico 22.68 (20.42 25.06) 13.31 (11.07 15.81) 40.01 (36.09 44.03) 20.87 (18.12 23.84)
New York 19.67 (18.41 20.98) 10.37 (9.28 11.54) 39.89 (37.83 41.98) 17.67 (16.15 19.28)
North Carolina 17.02 (15.06 19.13) 8.51 (6.92 10.33) 32.29 (28.72 36.03) 15.75 (13.43 18.28)
North Dakota 29.04 (26.52 31.67) 17.88 (15.09 20.95) 59.31 (55.39 63.15) 24.88 (21.79 28.18)
Ohio 21.71 (20.50 22.96) 10.64 (9.49 11.88) 43.10 (41.14 45.08) 19.59 (18.09 21.15)
Oklahoma 18.33 (16.27 20.54) 10.41 (8.47 12.61) 36.78 (33.19 40.48) 16.15 (13.72 18.83)
Oregon 18.14 (16.04 20.40) 9.57 (7.75 11.66) 37.24 (33.59 41.00) 16.13 (13.67 18.83)
Pennsylvania 22.31 (21.05 23.60) 11.08 (9.93 12.31) 43.61 (41.61 45.61) 20.55 (19.02 22.15)
Rhode Island 24.18 (21.72 26.77) 12.10 (9.90 14.58) 46.27 (42.27 50.30) 22.50 (19.58 25.63)
South Carolina 19.67 (17.49 21.98) 9.48 (7.69 11.54) 34.20 (30.65 37.89) 18.60 (15.98 21.45)
South Dakota 24.48 (22.17 26.91) 13.37 (11.08 15.93) 46.82 (42.96 50.71) 21.91 (19.10 24.92)
Tennessee 16.01 (13.95 18.25) 8.11 (6.50 9.96) 29.29 (25.58 33.23) 14.84 (12.45 17.49)
Texas 21.54 (20.22 22.90) 10.63 (9.55 11.79) 36.77 (34.88 38.68) 20.20 (18.53 21.95)
Utah 14.19 (12.23 16.34) 7.02 (5.20 9.24) 23.09 (19.88 26.56) 13.08 (10.60 15.90)
Vermont 23.19 (21.03 25.46) 13.15 (11.03 15.53) 48.21 (44.52 51.91) 20.57 (17.99 23.34)
Virginia 17.78 (15.71 19.99) 7.55 (6.11 9.20) 33.26 (29.51 37.16) 16.60 (14.18 19.26)
Washington 18.88 (16.83 21.08) 10.20 (8.40 12.23) 35.45 (31.75 39.28) 17.27 (14.80 19.96)
West Virginia 18.20 (16.22 20.32) 11.75 (9.70 14.05) 37.71 (34.03 41.51) 15.82 (13.52 18.35)
Wisconsin 28.34 (25.85 30.92) 13.11 (10.99 15.47) 49.95 (46.10 53.79) 26.75 (23.64 30.03)
Wyoming 24.08 (21.74 26.53) 13.67 (11.33 16.30) 45.30 (41.35 49.29) 21.50 (18.67 24.54)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.9 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 46.56       43.05       36.82       48.69      
Alabama 50.11 (46.79 53.43) 46.64 (43.01 50.29) 41.13 (37.31 45.04) 52.09 (47.97 56.19)
Alaska 44.83 (41.90 47.79) 39.87 (36.22 43.60) 36.88 (33.06 40.84) 47.43 (43.64 51.24)
Arizona 45.12 (41.97 48.29) 41.76 (38.37 45.21) 36.93 (33.29 40.68) 47.08 (43.14 51.05)
Arkansas 48.99 (46.11 51.88) 44.32 (40.86 47.83) 36.01 (32.29 39.87) 51.85 (48.28 55.40)
California 51.58 (49.95 53.20) 45.68 (43.87 47.50) 42.80 (40.79 44.83) 54.03 (51.92 56.13)
Colorado 42.40 (39.27 45.57) 39.69 (36.14 43.32) 29.48 (25.88 33.27) 45.06 (41.14 49.02)
Connecticut 42.83 (39.82 45.87) 40.40 (36.80 44.07) 34.52 (30.77 38.43) 44.29 (40.65 47.97)
Delaware 44.19 (41.16 47.25) 41.19 (37.66 44.80) 34.76 (31.30 38.34) 46.08 (42.36 49.83)
District of Columbia 51.52 (48.27 54.76) 50.48 (46.46 54.50) 41.46 (37.63 45.38) 53.28 (49.33 57.20)
Florida 49.54 (47.74 51.34) 45.82 (43.62 48.02) 42.33 (40.11 44.57) 50.97 (48.77 53.16)
Georgia 49.42 (46.29 52.55) 47.99 (44.69 51.31) 40.00 (36.39 43.69) 51.30 (47.34 55.25)
Hawaii 43.66 (40.21 47.16) 44.44 (40.53 48.41) 32.26 (28.39 36.33) 45.34 (41.13 49.60)
Idaho 44.82 (41.93 47.74) 42.27 (38.73 45.87) 34.19 (30.72 37.79) 47.48 (43.79 51.18)
Illinois 44.19 (42.55 45.83) 42.29 (40.38 44.22) 34.19 (32.26 36.17) 46.17 (44.10 48.25)
Indiana 44.23 (41.15 47.34) 41.86 (38.47 45.31) 34.79 (31.27 38.43) 46.20 (42.36 50.08)
Iowa 41.15 (38.13 44.21) 40.06 (36.56 43.63) 27.90 (24.66 31.32) 43.64 (39.85 47.48)
Kansas 41.67 (38.53 44.85) 40.01 (36.21 43.90) 30.61 (26.96 34.45) 43.94 (40.07 47.87)
Kentucky 46.96 (43.87 50.07) 42.90 (39.48 46.37) 32.61 (29.23 36.13) 49.98 (46.08 53.87)
Louisiana 47.64 (44.68 50.61) 44.28 (40.72 47.88) 40.94 (37.39 44.57) 49.51 (45.74 53.29)
Maine 42.96 (40.12 45.83) 36.23 (32.92 39.65) 31.06 (27.52 34.78) 45.58 (42.12 49.07)
Maryland 46.62 (43.54 49.71) 43.20 (39.81 46.64) 39.57 (35.99 43.23) 48.13 (44.36 51.90)
Massachusetts 38.61 (35.52 41.78) 35.52 (32.17 38.99) 28.25 (24.78 31.93) 40.53 (36.73 44.41)
Michigan 44.86 (43.27 46.47) 41.03 (39.16 42.91) 34.30 (32.39 36.25) 47.19 (45.15 49.24)
Minnesota 42.23 (39.26 45.25) 41.90 (38.27 45.59) 30.34 (26.91 33.94) 44.41 (40.70 48.17)
Mississippi 51.04 (47.98 54.09) 48.74 (45.06 52.44) 46.63 (42.85 50.43) 52.24 (48.33 56.12)
Missouri 42.16 (39.07 45.30) 37.86 (34.42 41.40) 32.14 (28.74 35.69) 44.48 (40.60 48.40)
Montana 40.15 (37.27 43.09) 37.04 (33.52 40.67) 27.88 (24.73 31.20) 42.74 (39.13 46.40)
Nebraska 38.96 (36.09 41.90) 35.55 (32.05 39.17) 28.48 (25.20 31.94) 41.42 (37.80 45.10)
Nevada 45.19 (42.14 48.27) 41.51 (37.66 45.43) 39.39 (35.21 43.68) 46.57 (42.90 50.28)
New Hampshire 38.77 (35.76 41.84) 35.65 (32.39 39.02) 25.43 (21.91 29.20) 41.20 (37.50 44.98)
New Jersey 48.01 (44.90 51.14) 43.01 (39.88 46.18) 35.50 (31.67 39.48) 50.43 (46.64 54.22)
New Mexico 49.62 (46.68 52.57) 40.39 (36.81 44.04) 37.63 (33.78 41.60) 53.37 (49.63 57.09)
New York 48.41 (46.76 50.06) 45.05 (43.07 47.04) 37.15 (35.18 39.16) 50.60 (48.53 52.67)
North Carolina 47.30 (44.29 50.33) 44.20 (40.85 47.59) 39.20 (35.45 43.05) 48.99 (45.28 52.71)
North Dakota 37.21 (34.28 40.21) 36.38 (32.99 39.88) 26.36 (23.04 29.90) 39.44 (35.73 43.23)
Ohio 42.74 (41.19 44.30) 41.72 (39.82 43.65) 32.58 (30.71 34.49) 44.60 (42.65 46.57)
Oklahoma 48.31 (45.27 51.36) 41.10 (37.32 44.96) 38.65 (34.67 42.74) 51.12 (47.30 54.92)
Oregon 43.25 (40.07 46.48) 40.98 (37.35 44.69) 30.82 (27.52 34.27) 45.56 (41.61 49.55)
Pennsylvania 41.89 (40.26 43.54) 41.84 (39.96 43.74) 31.03 (29.26 32.85) 43.52 (41.48 45.57)
Rhode Island 42.86 (39.86 45.91) 42.07 (38.47 45.73) 31.88 (28.32 35.59) 44.58 (40.93 48.28)
South Carolina 47.93 (44.74 51.14) 45.74 (42.10 49.42) 40.97 (37.30 44.71) 49.37 (45.44 53.30)
South Dakota 36.73 (33.82 39.71) 35.35 (31.80 39.03) 25.42 (22.16 28.89) 39.14 (35.46 42.92)
Tennessee 51.96 (48.48 55.43) 46.73 (43.00 50.49) 39.10 (35.15 43.15) 54.75 (50.47 58.98)
Texas 49.12 (47.32 50.93) 43.85 (41.90 45.82) 40.60 (38.58 42.65) 51.65 (49.29 54.01)
Utah 50.36 (47.34 53.37) 47.72 (43.64 51.82) 45.29 (41.48 49.14) 52.38 (48.28 56.46)
Vermont 39.83 (37.08 42.62) 35.03 (31.68 38.49) 28.83 (25.66 32.16) 42.23 (38.82 45.68)
Virginia 47.58 (44.50 50.68) 45.22 (41.93 48.55) 35.84 (32.14 39.67) 49.76 (46.00 53.53)
Washington 46.68 (43.56 49.83) 39.53 (36.12 43.02) 35.22 (31.63 38.94) 49.60 (45.68 53.52)
West Virginia 45.32 (42.39 48.28) 41.08 (37.64 44.60) 33.36 (29.85 37.02) 47.73 (44.18 51.30)
Wisconsin 39.47 (36.38 42.63) 37.63 (34.33 41.03) 29.65 (26.34 33.12) 41.45 (37.56 45.41)
Wyoming 42.29 (39.31 45.31) 36.74 (33.01 40.58) 30.09 (26.49 33.87) 45.56 (41.81 49.35)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.10 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Tobacco Product, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 29.38       15.37       43.36       28.91      
Alabama 30.82 (27.85 33.91) 16.71 (14.18 19.49) 42.08 (38.07 46.18) 30.72 (27.04 34.60)
Alaska 30.73 (28.06 33.49) 19.64 (16.83 22.70) 47.88 (43.94 51.84) 29.13 (25.74 32.70)
Arizona 27.81 (25.06 30.68) 13.24 (10.94 15.81) 40.20 (36.66 43.82) 27.77 (24.32 31.43)
Arkansas 33.45 (30.67 36.31) 18.21 (15.72 20.91) 47.11 (43.21 51.05) 33.18 (29.71 36.78)
California 23.71 (22.33 25.13) 9.87 (8.85 10.95) 33.05 (31.17 34.96) 23.95 (22.17 25.79)
Colorado 29.81 (27.14 32.58) 18.50 (15.64 21.63) 50.38 (46.53 54.22) 27.76 (24.50 31.20)
Connecticut 28.13 (25.43 30.95) 18.45 (15.67 21.48) 47.02 (42.95 51.12) 26.69 (23.45 30.13)
Delaware 29.47 (26.85 32.19) 17.42 (14.79 20.31) 46.55 (42.88 50.24) 28.27 (25.06 31.65)
District of Columbia 28.79 (25.83 31.89) 11.27 (8.94 13.96) 38.96 (35.08 42.94) 29.04 (25.48 32.80)
Florida 28.65 (27.09 30.25) 13.08 (11.72 14.52) 41.14 (39.05 43.25) 28.79 (26.90 30.74)
Georgia 32.16 (29.36 35.07) 14.86 (12.62 17.32) 42.80 (39.04 46.63) 32.71 (29.20 36.36)
Hawaii 22.85 (20.44 25.41) 12.99 (10.57 15.73) 38.81 (34.53 43.22) 21.58 (18.69 24.69)
Idaho 28.33 (25.83 30.94) 13.00 (10.69 15.61) 41.17 (37.47 44.95) 28.14 (24.97 31.48)
Illinois 31.40 (29.89 32.94) 16.42 (15.03 17.89) 47.86 (45.87 49.86) 30.58 (28.67 32.54)
Indiana 32.94 (30.22 35.75) 17.60 (15.14 20.28) 46.61 (42.89 50.36) 32.64 (29.26 36.17)
Iowa 30.44 (27.73 33.26) 16.56 (14.07 19.31) 48.68 (44.92 52.44) 29.15 (25.82 32.66)
Kansas 31.22 (28.52 34.02) 16.57 (13.85 19.58) 46.07 (42.15 50.03) 30.66 (27.28 34.19)
Kentucky 38.72 (35.77 41.72) 25.53 (22.33 28.93) 54.65 (51.00 58.27) 37.67 (34.04 41.41)
Louisiana 35.00 (32.15 37.92) 16.63 (14.06 19.45) 44.69 (41.09 48.33) 35.90 (32.26 39.66)
Maine 29.46 (26.86 32.16) 16.54 (13.91 19.43) 48.49 (44.43 52.56) 28.29 (25.18 31.56)
Maryland 27.62 (24.89 30.47) 15.56 (13.18 18.18) 41.52 (38.00 45.11) 27.07 (23.79 30.54)
Massachusetts 26.35 (23.87 28.95) 15.65 (13.31 18.23) 45.53 (41.62 49.47) 24.81 (21.85 27.96)
Michigan 31.29 (29.83 32.77) 17.04 (15.56 18.60) 48.84 (46.72 50.96) 30.32 (28.48 32.20)
Minnesota 30.50 (27.91 33.19) 19.77 (16.91 22.88) 49.24 (45.45 53.05) 28.73 (25.53 32.10)
Mississippi 33.80 (30.89 36.81) 16.46 (13.98 19.19) 42.97 (39.22 46.78) 34.66 (31.02 38.45)
Missouri 33.17 (30.39 36.04) 17.16 (14.52 20.05) 49.05 (45.19 52.92) 32.69 (29.28 36.24)
Montana 30.72 (28.10 33.43) 18.70 (15.87 21.81) 49.56 (45.97 53.16) 29.19 (25.95 32.59)
Nebraska 31.28 (28.79 33.86) 18.10 (15.41 21.04) 50.73 (46.93 54.51) 29.66 (26.55 32.91)
Nevada 32.76 (29.94 35.69) 15.86 (13.13 18.92) 45.81 (41.59 50.07) 32.95 (29.51 36.52)
New Hampshire 29.33 (26.66 32.10) 18.25 (15.62 21.12) 45.83 (41.72 49.97) 28.36 (25.17 31.72)
New Jersey 26.23 (23.72 28.84) 14.25 (12.29 16.40) 43.38 (39.70 47.11) 25.22 (22.20 28.42)
New Mexico 30.46 (27.85 33.17) 19.82 (16.82 23.09) 43.21 (39.17 47.33) 29.73 (26.47 33.16)
New York 25.41 (23.99 26.87) 13.55 (12.27 14.91) 41.02 (39.00 43.06) 24.46 (22.71 26.27)
North Carolina 32.60 (29.87 35.41) 17.64 (15.17 20.33) 47.24 (43.38 51.13) 32.28 (28.95 35.75)
North Dakota 31.11 (28.57 33.73) 23.56 (20.42 26.92) 50.59 (46.56 54.62) 28.48 (25.34 31.79)
Ohio 34.02 (32.54 35.53) 17.99 (16.48 19.58) 50.07 (48.06 52.08) 33.47 (31.58 35.41)
Oklahoma 34.56 (31.78 37.42) 18.30 (15.50 21.37) 46.62 (42.65 50.61) 34.76 (31.26 38.38)
Oregon 28.76 (26.02 31.62) 13.47 (11.12 16.11) 45.31 (41.53 49.14) 28.03 (24.69 31.55)
Pennsylvania 31.54 (30.06 33.05) 17.28 (15.91 18.72) 49.06 (47.05 51.07) 30.73 (28.89 32.62)
Rhode Island 29.72 (27.13 32.40) 15.47 (12.89 18.34) 45.91 (42.05 49.79) 29.19 (26.07 32.45)
South Carolina 31.70 (28.97 34.54) 16.09 (13.65 18.76) 41.15 (37.45 44.92) 32.19 (28.80 35.72)
South Dakota 33.33 (30.77 35.96) 21.56 (18.58 24.79) 51.03 (47.18 54.87) 31.76 (28.54 35.11)
Tennessee 33.39 (30.53 36.34) 19.17 (16.46 22.12) 47.07 (43.19 50.98) 32.96 (29.47 36.59)
Texas 27.93 (26.45 29.44) 14.31 (12.95 15.75) 38.95 (37.06 40.86) 27.85 (25.91 29.86)
Utah 18.84 (16.31 21.59) 8.69 (6.34 11.57) 27.80 (24.24 31.57) 18.33 (14.98 22.08)
Vermont 30.49 (27.98 33.10) 18.89 (16.26 21.76) 48.90 (45.37 52.43) 29.14 (26.08 32.34)
Virginia 28.44 (25.90 31.09) 13.48 (11.37 15.83) 43.22 (39.34 47.16) 27.98 (24.88 31.25)
Washington 28.66 (26.00 31.43) 14.37 (12.11 16.87) 40.21 (36.43 44.09) 28.66 (25.39 32.10)
West Virginia 37.49 (34.74 40.30) 21.36 (18.50 24.44) 54.04 (50.31 57.75) 36.71 (33.37 40.14)
Wisconsin 29.42 (26.93 32.00) 18.35 (15.82 21.10) 49.04 (45.22 52.87) 27.57 (24.51 30.80)
Wyoming 35.11 (32.39 37.90) 21.10 (18.00 24.47) 53.75 (49.68 57.78) 33.59 (30.20 37.11)
NOTE: Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.11 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 24.94       13.27       38.60       24.22      
Alabama 24.95 (22.29 27.76) 13.62 (11.35 16.15) 35.88 (32.10 39.79) 24.56 (21.30 28.05)
Alaska 24.12 (21.91 26.43) 15.32 (12.79 18.13) 42.43 (38.57 46.36) 21.85 (19.07 24.84)
Arizona 23.07 (20.62 25.66) 12.02 (9.83 14.49) 36.82 (33.17 40.58) 22.26 (19.25 25.51)
Arkansas 27.99 (25.45 30.64) 14.64 (12.30 17.23) 39.16 (35.56 42.85) 27.89 (24.74 31.21)
California 21.30 (19.90 22.74) 8.71 (7.71 9.80) 29.90 (28.00 31.86) 21.49 (19.72 23.35)
Colorado 24.20 (21.94 26.57) 15.50 (13.03 18.23) 45.46 (41.60 49.35) 21.66 (18.87 24.66)
Connecticut 25.10 (22.61 27.73) 17.24 (14.56 20.19) 43.99 (40.04 48.01) 23.44 (20.45 26.65)
Delaware 25.49 (23.03 28.08) 15.36 (12.87 18.13) 42.48 (38.73 46.30) 24.06 (21.09 27.24)
District of Columbia 25.23 (22.58 28.03) 9.21 (7.17 11.61) 34.40 (30.88 38.05) 25.48 (22.24 28.94)
Florida 24.44 (22.91 26.03) 11.21 (9.89 12.63) 36.18 (34.14 38.26) 24.41 (22.53 26.36)
Georgia 24.74 (22.19 27.43) 12.06 (10.10 14.25) 36.53 (32.97 40.21) 24.43 (21.24 27.85)
Hawaii 20.74 (18.34 23.31) 11.51 (9.21 14.14) 39.16 (34.98 43.45) 19.01 (16.15 22.14)
Idaho 23.01 (20.68 25.48) 10.97 (8.82 13.43) 36.21 (32.63 39.92) 22.20 (19.26 25.37)
Illinois 26.70 (25.25 28.19) 14.09 (12.80 15.45) 43.47 (41.37 45.59) 25.51 (23.67 27.41)
Indiana 27.36 (24.77 30.07) 14.96 (12.65 17.51) 40.02 (36.37 43.76) 26.83 (23.63 30.22)
Iowa 24.83 (22.48 27.30) 14.56 (12.12 17.27) 43.15 (39.43 46.92) 23.03 (20.13 26.12)
Kansas 24.88 (22.34 27.55) 12.98 (10.56 15.72) 38.91 (35.08 42.85) 24.06 (20.91 27.43)
Kentucky 32.49 (29.65 35.42) 22.23 (19.27 25.42) 46.88 (43.21 50.57) 31.33 (27.83 34.99)
Louisiana 29.68 (27.00 32.46) 14.17 (11.79 16.82) 40.12 (36.54 43.78) 29.98 (26.52 33.62)
Maine 26.21 (23.86 28.66) 14.11 (11.71 16.80) 45.24 (41.17 49.36) 24.93 (22.11 27.91)
Maryland 24.40 (21.91 27.02) 13.59 (11.33 16.10) 38.23 (34.84 41.71) 23.70 (20.70 26.92)
Massachusetts 23.01 (20.74 25.40) 13.96 (11.63 16.55) 41.31 (37.53 45.18) 21.40 (18.69 24.31)
Michigan 27.06 (25.71 28.44) 15.12 (13.77 16.55) 43.60 (41.60 45.62) 25.93 (24.26 27.66)
Minnesota 24.66 (22.30 27.14) 17.36 (14.71 20.28) 44.50 (40.74 48.31) 22.19 (19.28 25.32)
Mississippi 26.52 (23.81 29.37) 12.53 (10.26 15.10) 35.53 (31.96 39.23) 26.91 (23.51 30.52)
Missouri 27.65 (25.04 30.37) 14.20 (11.88 16.79) 43.14 (39.32 47.02) 26.87 (23.63 30.32)
Montana 22.95 (20.61 25.41) 15.30 (12.79 18.09) 42.26 (38.65 45.94) 20.70 (17.85 23.77)
Nebraska 24.44 (22.17 26.81) 15.70 (13.17 18.50) 44.16 (40.42 47.95) 22.09 (19.30 25.08)
Nevada 28.64 (26.00 31.40) 14.50 (11.91 17.42) 41.55 (37.38 45.82) 28.48 (25.27 31.86)
New Hampshire 25.80 (23.36 28.36) 16.41 (13.79 19.30) 43.67 (39.55 47.87) 24.40 (21.47 27.51)
New Jersey 23.13 (20.79 25.59) 12.67 (10.74 14.80) 39.08 (35.34 42.91) 22.10 (19.30 25.11)
New Mexico 25.69 (23.26 28.24) 18.59 (15.65 21.82) 39.04 (35.27 42.91) 24.28 (21.24 27.52)
New York 23.18 (21.80 24.60) 12.36 (11.11 13.70) 38.25 (36.22 40.30) 22.18 (20.47 23.96)
North Carolina 27.61 (25.11 30.23) 14.75 (12.42 17.34) 41.50 (37.85 45.22) 27.14 (24.07 30.38)
North Dakota 25.54 (23.26 27.92) 19.90 (16.90 23.17) 46.34 (42.29 50.41) 22.37 (19.60 25.34)
Ohio 29.15 (27.75 30.58) 15.24 (13.83 16.73) 43.79 (41.81 45.79) 28.55 (26.78 30.37)
Oklahoma 26.86 (24.30 29.55) 15.17 (12.58 18.05) 40.18 (36.41 44.04) 26.17 (23.01 29.52)
Oregon 23.21 (20.76 25.81) 11.83 (9.60 14.37) 39.28 (35.58 43.08) 22.05 (19.06 25.29)
Pennsylvania 26.26 (24.95 27.61) 14.80 (13.50 16.17) 42.79 (40.77 44.83) 25.24 (23.62 26.92)
Rhode Island 26.98 (24.54 29.53) 14.40 (11.91 17.18) 42.66 (38.85 46.54) 26.31 (23.36 29.43)
South Carolina 26.21 (23.62 28.92) 13.72 (11.45 16.25) 37.03 (33.44 40.73) 26.06 (22.90 29.41)
South Dakota 26.42 (24.05 28.89) 17.77 (15.02 20.80) 44.63 (40.84 48.47) 24.26 (21.30 27.41)
Tennessee 28.38 (25.74 31.13) 16.94 (14.37 19.76) 41.90 (38.06 45.81) 27.62 (24.39 31.02)
Texas 23.65 (22.24 25.11) 12.08 (10.80 13.45) 34.52 (32.60 36.47) 23.29 (21.46 25.20)
Utah 16.75 (14.37 19.34) 7.93 (5.74 10.63) 25.33 (21.83 29.10) 16.06 (12.95 19.59)
Vermont 24.62 (22.39 26.94) 16.00 (13.57 18.67) 44.22 (40.75 47.74) 22.66 (19.97 25.53)
Virginia 24.95 (22.53 27.50) 11.71 (9.82 13.82) 39.12 (35.37 42.97) 24.37 (21.43 27.50)
Washington 23.43 (20.93 26.08) 13.01 (10.83 15.44) 35.65 (31.97 39.45) 22.79 (19.71 26.09)
West Virginia 29.43 (26.87 32.10) 18.27 (15.56 21.23) 45.13 (41.38 48.91) 28.21 (25.12 31.47)
Wisconsin 24.22 (21.84 26.73) 15.85 (13.50 18.44) 43.82 (40.10 47.58) 22.00 (19.06 25.16)
Wyoming 27.23 (24.85 29.72) 16.79 (14.07 19.79) 44.97 (41.05 48.93) 25.35 (22.41 28.45)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.12 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 70.10       63.77       64.69       71.88      
Alabama 68.98 (66.18 71.69) 61.41 (57.86 64.87) 63.45 (59.79 67.01) 70.90 (67.42 74.22)
Alaska 69.28 (66.75 71.73) 62.23 (58.68 65.69) 64.89 (61.15 68.49) 71.52 (68.23 74.64)
Arizona 71.45 (68.71 74.07) 64.87 (61.40 68.24) 66.62 (63.13 69.98) 73.29 (69.83 76.55)
Arkansas 66.30 (63.51 69.02) 61.95 (58.64 65.18) 61.32 (57.62 64.94) 67.75 (64.34 71.02)
California 75.05 (73.60 76.46) 66.88 (65.21 68.53) 72.32 (70.46 74.13) 76.70 (74.84 78.49)
Colorado 68.55 (65.79 71.22) 63.48 (59.84 67.02) 59.58 (55.65 63.41) 70.85 (67.41 74.12)
Connecticut 69.89 (67.21 72.48) 62.63 (58.98 66.18) 62.50 (58.74 66.16) 71.83 (68.61 74.90)
Delaware 70.22 (67.53 72.81) 62.09 (58.57 65.52) 65.27 (61.74 68.68) 72.05 (68.77 75.16)
District of Columbia 72.06 (69.04 74.94) 64.96 (61.13 68.65) 73.95 (70.37 77.31) 72.53 (68.83 76.01)
Florida 71.48 (69.84 73.08) 68.21 (66.24 70.14) 67.64 (65.62 69.62) 72.40 (70.39 74.34)
Georgia 70.51 (67.79 73.13) 64.53 (61.27 67.70) 65.63 (62.14 69.01) 72.23 (68.83 75.44)
Hawaii 68.69 (65.55 71.71) 64.03 (60.32 67.61) 65.90 (61.87 69.77) 69.70 (65.88 73.32)
Idaho 68.99 (66.31 71.58) 68.33 (64.79 71.73) 64.87 (61.22 68.40) 69.96 (66.55 73.22)
Illinois 68.21 (66.69 69.71) 63.17 (61.24 65.07) 62.33 (60.24 64.39) 69.91 (67.98 71.80)
Indiana 67.90 (65.12 70.59) 62.65 (59.30 65.91) 61.97 (58.20 65.64) 69.66 (66.21 72.96)
Iowa 67.53 (64.87 70.11) 63.31 (59.96 66.56) 59.62 (55.89 63.28) 69.52 (66.25 72.65)
Kansas 67.74 (64.94 70.45) 60.24 (56.45 63.94) 60.78 (56.91 64.55) 70.12 (66.66 73.43)
Kentucky 64.80 (61.96 67.57) 59.97 (56.37 63.49) 57.39 (53.87 60.86) 66.72 (63.21 70.09)
Louisiana 64.87 (61.89 67.76) 60.92 (57.42 64.34) 61.91 (58.23 65.50) 66.08 (62.27 69.74)
Maine 69.19 (66.50 71.80) 63.96 (60.49 67.33) 63.66 (59.86 67.33) 70.68 (67.45 73.77)
Maryland 68.58 (65.56 71.48) 62.49 (58.98 65.91) 63.38 (59.94 66.72) 70.15 (66.43 73.67)
Massachusetts 72.28 (69.72 74.73) 65.21 (61.71 68.59) 66.80 (63.26 70.21) 73.96 (70.88 76.88)
Michigan 67.92 (66.47 69.34) 63.11 (61.27 64.93) 61.05 (59.07 63.00) 69.76 (67.92 71.55)
Minnesota 67.59 (64.89 70.21) 62.19 (58.53 65.75) 61.92 (58.29 65.45) 69.41 (66.04 72.63)
Mississippi 68.65 (65.86 71.34) 63.77 (60.10 67.32) 66.68 (63.19 70.04) 69.77 (66.22 73.15)
Missouri 68.32 (65.50 71.04) 63.19 (59.65 66.62) 61.12 (57.47 64.68) 70.27 (66.78 73.59)
Montana 70.74 (68.00 73.37) 67.30 (63.52 70.92) 63.21 (59.67 66.66) 72.55 (69.15 75.76)
Nebraska 66.30 (63.60 68.93) 59.47 (55.85 63.01) 57.87 (54.07 61.61) 68.89 (65.51 72.12)
Nevada 68.83 (66.01 71.54) 63.49 (59.61 67.25) 66.03 (61.91 69.97) 69.96 (66.57 73.19)
New Hampshire 69.01 (66.31 71.62) 62.32 (58.83 65.72) 62.92 (59.16 66.58) 70.84 (67.56 73.97)
New Jersey 74.73 (72.24 77.11) 63.41 (60.37 66.38) 66.47 (62.69 70.10) 77.32 (74.27 80.16)
New Mexico 70.09 (67.43 72.64) 63.59 (59.82 67.23) 62.95 (59.01 66.76) 72.48 (69.17 75.61)
New York 72.99 (71.50 74.44) 62.81 (60.91 64.68) 66.87 (64.94 68.76) 75.23 (73.37 77.02)
North Carolina 66.19 (63.31 69.00) 59.57 (56.13 62.95) 60.23 (56.45 63.92) 68.02 (64.48 71.41)
North Dakota 68.24 (65.59 70.80) 62.66 (59.10 66.12) 61.00 (57.28 64.63) 70.48 (67.17 73.64)
Ohio 66.04 (64.58 67.48) 61.31 (59.38 63.22) 59.06 (57.08 61.03) 67.86 (66.01 69.68)
Oklahoma 66.26 (63.29 69.15) 60.81 (56.93 64.59) 59.95 (56.05 63.75) 68.21 (64.53 71.73)
Oregon 71.27 (68.34 74.07) 68.35 (64.74 71.80) 64.74 (61.22 68.15) 72.70 (69.12 76.08)
Pennsylvania 68.04 (66.54 69.51) 61.91 (59.98 63.81) 60.53 (58.61 62.42) 69.93 (68.08 71.73)
Rhode Island 70.51 (67.80 73.11) 63.05 (59.30 66.68) 66.12 (62.42 69.68) 72.12 (68.85 75.23)
South Carolina 68.90 (66.13 71.58) 64.37 (60.74 67.88) 64.52 (60.91 68.00) 70.22 (66.75 73.53)
South Dakota 64.77 (62.04 67.43) 59.72 (56.11 63.25) 59.65 (55.76 63.45) 66.56 (63.12 69.88)
Tennessee 67.63 (64.72 70.43) 61.32 (57.45 65.10) 61.14 (57.25 64.93) 69.50 (65.94 72.90)
Texas 71.25 (69.73 72.74) 63.15 (61.24 65.02) 65.52 (63.61 67.39) 73.66 (71.68 75.58)
Utah 76.27 (73.72 78.69) 73.28 (69.60 76.73) 75.78 (72.41 78.93) 77.03 (73.55 80.26)
Vermont 70.39 (67.91 72.78) 62.02 (58.69 65.26) 63.96 (60.54 67.29) 72.55 (69.48 75.46)
Virginia 69.58 (66.91 72.15) 64.26 (61.00 67.42) 64.24 (60.32 68.02) 71.11 (67.86 74.21)
Washington 71.73 (68.92 74.42) 68.59 (65.36 71.69) 68.75 (65.05 72.27) 72.67 (69.19 75.96)
West Virginia 66.95 (64.26 69.57) 61.10 (57.52 64.59) 58.16 (54.46 61.80) 69.04 (65.78 72.17)
Wisconsin 67.99 (65.27 70.63) 61.64 (58.30 64.90) 61.56 (58.02 65.02) 70.03 (66.64 73.26)
Wyoming 65.63 (62.87 68.32) 60.15 (56.37 63.84) 58.44 (54.61 62.20) 67.91 (64.45 71.22)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.13 Percentages Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 5.74       5.20       13.80       4.45      
Alabama 5.14 (4.17 6.26) 5.24 (3.98 6.75) 11.62 (9.39 14.17) 4.02 (2.96 5.34)
Alaska 7.00 (5.87 8.27) 6.42 (4.94 8.19) 16.24 (13.47 19.32) 5.15 (3.87 6.69)
Arizona 5.94 (4.87 7.15) 5.69 (4.38 7.25) 12.87 (10.55 15.48) 4.73 (3.53 6.20)
Arkansas 5.28 (4.37 6.30) 5.96 (4.60 7.58) 12.82 (10.50 15.43) 3.89 (2.91 5.08)
California 5.98 (5.35 6.66) 4.96 (4.28 5.72) 12.31 (11.08 13.64) 4.96 (4.20 5.81)
Colorado 6.75 (5.63 8.02) 6.49 (5.03 8.23) 17.70 (14.81 20.90) 4.86 (3.63 6.35)
Connecticut 6.50 (5.35 7.81) 6.43 (5.01 8.11) 16.25 (13.51 19.30) 5.14 (3.88 6.67)
Delaware 6.04 (4.95 7.30) 4.78 (3.62 6.19) 13.59 (11.25 16.21) 5.00 (3.77 6.48)
District of Columbia 7.55 (6.00 9.35) 4.07 (2.87 5.58) 15.64 (12.88 18.73) 6.61 (4.83 8.80)
Florida 5.47 (4.78 6.23) 3.95 (3.22 4.79) 12.39 (11.00 13.88) 4.71 (3.89 5.63)
Georgia 4.84 (3.92 5.90) 3.59 (2.65 4.73) 11.37 (9.25 13.78) 3.85 (2.80 5.16)
Hawaii 5.82 (4.71 7.10) 6.89 (5.17 8.95) 16.08 (13.03 19.53) 4.10 (2.91 5.60)
Idaho 5.67 (4.71 6.75) 5.54 (4.23 7.11) 14.39 (12.00 17.06) 3.85 (2.84 5.11)
Illinois 6.48 (5.79 7.23) 4.72 (3.99 5.53) 15.15 (13.74 16.65) 5.22 (4.38 6.16)
Indiana 4.96 (4.06 6.00) 5.23 (4.03 6.66) 12.16 (9.95 14.65) 3.66 (2.69 4.87)
Iowa 6.56 (5.55 7.69) 6.80 (5.27 8.62) 17.46 (14.77 20.42) 4.60 (3.50 5.92)
Kansas 5.75 (4.74 6.90) 5.52 (4.16 7.16) 13.98 (11.49 16.79) 4.27 (3.16 5.63)
Kentucky 5.15 (4.28 6.13) 5.78 (4.41 7.41) 12.66 (10.51 15.08) 3.76 (2.83 4.91)
Louisiana 6.52 (5.40 7.78) 6.17 (4.71 7.93) 14.52 (12.09 17.24) 4.96 (3.70 6.49)
Maine 5.13 (4.26 6.12) 7.03 (5.48 8.86) 14.74 (12.08 17.73) 3.47 (2.58 4.56)
Maryland 5.76 (4.73 6.94) 5.27 (3.99 6.81) 15.10 (12.65 17.82) 4.41 (3.26 5.83)
Massachusetts 7.53 (6.25 8.97) 6.97 (5.46 8.74) 19.48 (16.41 22.86) 5.82 (4.41 7.53)
Michigan 5.96 (5.35 6.61) 5.63 (4.84 6.51) 14.97 (13.55 16.49) 4.48 (3.76 5.29)
Minnesota 6.18 (5.22 7.26) 6.37 (4.95 8.06) 16.83 (14.17 19.76) 4.24 (3.18 5.54)
Mississippi 5.73 (4.64 6.99) 4.93 (3.70 6.41) 11.60 (9.43 14.06) 4.72 (3.45 6.28)
Missouri 5.50 (4.54 6.60) 5.63 (4.32 7.20) 14.53 (12.06 17.29) 3.94 (2.92 5.19)
Montana 7.69 (6.51 9.01) 9.71 (7.61 12.17) 20.57 (17.64 23.75) 5.16 (3.87 6.72)
Nebraska 7.39 (6.23 8.69) 7.06 (5.49 8.91) 18.65 (15.90 21.66) 5.35 (4.07 6.90)
Nevada 6.12 (5.04 7.34) 6.14 (4.64 7.95) 15.14 (12.26 18.40) 4.71 (3.54 6.12)
New Hampshire 5.99 (4.98 7.14) 6.60 (5.11 8.37) 16.54 (13.69 19.72) 4.32 (3.23 5.64)
New Jersey 5.44 (4.39 6.66) 4.48 (3.45 5.71) 12.46 (10.14 15.09) 4.55 (3.34 6.03)
New Mexico 7.12 (5.91 8.50) 8.22 (6.41 10.35) 15.95 (13.18 19.03) 5.27 (3.91 6.93)
New York 5.21 (4.65 5.83) 4.18 (3.49 4.95) 14.87 (13.37 16.47) 3.83 (3.18 4.56)
North Carolina 4.16 (3.27 5.22) 3.62 (2.63 4.85) 10.51 (8.33 13.05) 3.23 (2.26 4.47)
North Dakota 8.51 (7.21 9.95) 9.15 (7.14 11.50) 24.15 (20.74 27.82) 5.39 (3.96 7.14)
Ohio 5.12 (4.57 5.72) 4.57 (3.85 5.39) 13.74 (12.43 15.14) 3.74 (3.09 4.47)
Oklahoma 5.94 (4.83 7.22) 5.10 (3.77 6.74) 13.47 (11.08 16.16) 4.70 (3.46 6.22)
Oregon 5.85 (4.75 7.11) 5.45 (4.13 7.03) 13.59 (11.25 16.21) 4.64 (3.41 6.15)
Pennsylvania 5.67 (5.07 6.32) 5.18 (4.44 6.00) 14.32 (12.96 15.75) 4.45 (3.74 5.25)
Rhode Island 6.91 (5.71 8.28) 5.79 (4.43 7.43) 17.98 (15.00 21.28) 5.43 (4.09 7.05)
South Carolina 4.72 (3.83 5.73) 4.28 (3.18 5.62) 11.24 (9.20 13.55) 3.70 (2.72 4.90)
South Dakota 7.04 (5.94 8.26) 7.00 (5.44 8.83) 17.52 (14.71 20.62) 5.01 (3.79 6.48)
Tennessee 5.21 (4.25 6.30) 5.51 (4.16 7.15) 12.52 (10.20 15.14) 3.96 (2.92 5.24)
Texas 5.90 (5.26 6.58) 5.15 (4.38 6.02) 12.79 (11.53 14.14) 4.64 (3.85 5.52)
Utah 5.01 (4.12 6.03) 4.21 (3.02 5.71) 11.09 (8.98 13.49) 3.40 (2.43 4.61)
Vermont 6.37 (5.33 7.53) 6.15 (4.74 7.83) 16.16 (13.66 18.92) 4.84 (3.67 6.24)
Virginia 4.84 (3.94 5.87) 3.83 (2.84 5.04) 13.61 (11.16 16.36) 3.56 (2.61 4.74)
Washington 6.52 (5.42 7.76) 7.35 (5.76 9.20) 14.67 (12.09 17.57) 5.03 (3.78 6.54)
West Virginia 5.24 (4.32 6.29) 6.68 (5.16 8.47) 12.70 (10.41 15.29) 3.88 (2.91 5.05)
Wisconsin 6.41 (5.40 7.53) 6.51 (5.16 8.09) 16.20 (13.57 19.12) 4.68 (3.57 6.00)
Wyoming 6.48 (5.48 7.60) 7.67 (5.92 9.74) 17.74 (14.94 20.82) 4.07 (2.99 5.41)
NOTE: Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.14 Percentages Reporting Past Year Alcohol Dependence, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.37       1.89       5.16       1.96      
Alabama 2.39 (1.83 3.06) 2.15 (1.46 3.05) 4.81 (3.45 6.50) 2.00 (1.35 2.86)
Alaska 2.69 (2.10 3.38) 2.86 (1.93 4.07) 5.18 (3.83 6.82) 2.13 (1.43 3.04)
Arizona 2.55 (1.98 3.23) 2.47 (1.65 3.55) 4.78 (3.51 6.36) 2.16 (1.47 3.05)
Arkansas 2.33 (1.83 2.91) 2.18 (1.49 3.08) 5.54 (4.10 7.30) 1.79 (1.23 2.53)
California 2.63 (2.22 3.08) 1.75 (1.38 2.19) 4.90 (4.10 5.81) 2.33 (1.83 2.93)
Colorado 2.54 (1.99 3.21) 2.01 (1.35 2.88) 5.87 (4.41 7.63) 2.03 (1.40 2.85)
Connecticut 2.37 (1.82 3.03) 2.17 (1.48 3.08) 5.59 (4.10 7.41) 1.95 (1.31 2.78)
Delaware 2.42 (1.88 3.07) 1.92 (1.28 2.76) 4.82 (3.59 6.32) 2.10 (1.46 2.93)
District of Columbia 3.43 (2.50 4.60) 1.33 (0.77 2.14) 4.92 (3.50 6.70) 3.42 (2.29 4.90)
Florida 2.25 (1.85 2.71) 1.43 (1.05 1.90) 4.56 (3.73 5.51) 2.03 (1.54 2.62)
Georgia 2.34 (1.78 3.01) 1.35 (0.88 1.98) 4.41 (3.23 5.87) 2.11 (1.43 3.00)
Hawaii 2.17 (1.61 2.86) 2.10 (1.31 3.18) 5.57 (3.98 7.55) 1.65 (1.03 2.52)
Idaho 2.55 (2.04 3.15) 2.09 (1.39 3.02) 5.94 (4.43 7.78) 1.91 (1.34 2.65)
Illinois 2.60 (2.21 3.04) 1.59 (1.21 2.06) 6.23 (5.28 7.29) 2.12 (1.64 2.68)
Indiana 2.15 (1.66 2.74) 1.66 (1.10 2.41) 4.75 (3.52 6.25) 1.77 (1.19 2.52)
Iowa 2.40 (1.92 2.95) 2.71 (1.87 3.78) 6.45 (4.94 8.27) 1.64 (1.11 2.33)
Kansas 2.15 (1.63 2.77) 1.65 (1.05 2.47) 4.72 (3.50 6.23) 1.75 (1.16 2.54)
Kentucky 2.20 (1.69 2.82) 2.28 (1.52 3.30) 4.35 (3.14 5.87) 1.81 (1.21 2.62)
Louisiana 2.85 (2.19 3.64) 2.76 (1.82 4.00) 5.83 (4.38 7.58) 2.27 (1.49 3.30)
Maine 2.22 (1.74 2.80) 3.58 (2.47 4.99) 5.38 (3.92 7.17) 1.58 (1.03 2.32)
Maryland 2.14 (1.65 2.73) 2.01 (1.32 2.94) 5.40 (4.05 7.04) 1.67 (1.09 2.45)
Massachusetts 2.49 (1.94 3.15) 2.26 (1.53 3.22) 5.22 (3.85 6.90) 2.12 (1.49 2.92)
Michigan 2.37 (2.01 2.76) 1.91 (1.48 2.43) 5.24 (4.41 6.18) 1.94 (1.52 2.44)
Minnesota 2.49 (2.01 3.05) 2.21 (1.48 3.18) 6.95 (5.28 8.95) 1.74 (1.21 2.42)
Mississippi 2.81 (2.15 3.60) 1.93 (1.26 2.84) 4.84 (3.53 6.45) 2.55 (1.75 3.59)
Missouri 2.20 (1.73 2.75) 1.92 (1.29 2.75) 5.48 (4.14 7.10) 1.68 (1.13 2.39)
Montana 2.57 (2.07 3.16) 2.62 (1.75 3.78) 7.94 (6.23 9.95) 1.63 (1.08 2.37)
Nebraska 2.53 (2.01 3.15) 2.64 (1.79 3.74) 5.76 (4.30 7.54) 1.92 (1.33 2.68)
Nevada 2.33 (1.81 2.96) 1.86 (1.20 2.74) 5.87 (4.26 7.86) 1.85 (1.25 2.63)
New Hampshire 2.28 (1.80 2.85) 2.05 (1.41 2.88) 6.16 (4.59 8.05) 1.73 (1.18 2.45)
New Jersey 2.09 (1.58 2.73) 1.37 (0.91 1.99) 3.84 (2.72 5.25) 1.93 (1.31 2.74)
New Mexico 2.84 (2.23 3.57) 2.96 (1.99 4.24) 6.12 (4.58 7.99) 2.20 (1.50 3.11)
New York 2.24 (1.89 2.63) 1.77 (1.36 2.27) 5.44 (4.58 6.41) 1.80 (1.38 2.29)
North Carolina 2.21 (1.72 2.80) 1.61 (1.05 2.36) 5.08 (3.72 6.74) 1.84 (1.25 2.60)
North Dakota 2.57 (2.06 3.16) 2.71 (1.87 3.79) 6.75 (5.09 8.76) 1.74 (1.17 2.49)
Ohio 2.17 (1.84 2.56) 1.59 (1.20 2.07) 5.42 (4.59 6.36) 1.70 (1.30 2.19)
Oklahoma 2.65 (2.05 3.37) 1.98 (1.27 2.95) 5.57 (4.16 7.28) 2.22 (1.51 3.16)
Oregon 2.59 (2.00 3.30) 2.22 (1.50 3.16) 5.49 (4.19 7.05) 2.17 (1.47 3.07)
Pennsylvania 2.29 (1.95 2.67) 1.69 (1.31 2.14) 5.34 (4.51 6.26) 1.91 (1.51 2.39)
Rhode Island 2.40 (1.87 3.02) 1.82 (1.20 2.66) 5.61 (4.21 7.31) 2.00 (1.39 2.78)
South Carolina 2.28 (1.71 2.97) 1.47 (0.92 2.22) 4.37 (3.18 5.84) 2.04 (1.37 2.92)
South Dakota 2.73 (2.21 3.34) 3.01 (2.07 4.22) 7.00 (5.33 9.00) 1.86 (1.29 2.59)
Tennessee 2.37 (1.80 3.06) 1.73 (1.13 2.54) 4.77 (3.44 6.42) 2.06 (1.39 2.94)
Texas 2.25 (1.89 2.66) 1.85 (1.42 2.35) 4.70 (3.93 5.57) 1.83 (1.38 2.36)
Utah 2.30 (1.83 2.86) 2.04 (1.36 2.95) 4.13 (3.01 5.51) 1.82 (1.24 2.58)
Vermont 2.55 (2.01 3.17) 2.10 (1.42 3.00) 6.54 (5.06 8.29) 1.97 (1.37 2.74)
Virginia 2.12 (1.67 2.67) 1.57 (1.05 2.25) 5.14 (3.80 6.76) 1.71 (1.18 2.41)
Washington 2.45 (1.92 3.07) 2.90 (2.03 4.02) 5.18 (3.82 6.84) 1.92 (1.31 2.72)
West Virginia 2.31 (1.83 2.89) 3.09 (2.15 4.29) 5.28 (3.95 6.91) 1.75 (1.20 2.46)
Wisconsin 2.18 (1.71 2.74) 2.12 (1.44 3.02) 4.95 (3.72 6.45) 1.71 (1.16 2.42)
Wyoming 2.43 (1.95 2.99) 2.54 (1.71 3.64) 6.23 (4.72 8.05) 1.66 (1.14 2.34)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.15 Percentages Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.25       4.62       6.34       1.23      
Alabama 1.79 (1.33 2.36) 3.43 (2.42 4.71) 5.58 (4.02 7.51) 0.94 (0.53 1.53)
Alaska 2.49 (1.92 3.19) 4.53 (3.25 6.13) 6.93 (5.13 9.14) 1.18 (0.66 1.93)
Arizona 2.58 (1.93 3.37) 5.52 (4.13 7.21) 5.79 (4.28 7.65) 1.57 (0.92 2.50)
Arkansas 2.47 (1.91 3.13) 5.02 (3.70 6.64) 7.58 (5.81 9.69) 1.25 (0.73 1.99)
California 2.94 (2.51 3.42) 5.46 (4.68 6.32) 6.90 (5.91 7.99) 1.86 (1.38 2.45)
Colorado 2.62 (2.02 3.34) 5.73 (4.29 7.47) 7.19 (5.40 9.34) 1.38 (0.81 2.18)
Connecticut 2.74 (2.04 3.58) 6.53 (4.98 8.39) 8.00 (6.03 10.35) 1.53 (0.87 2.50)
Delaware 2.56 (1.92 3.35) 4.84 (3.61 6.34) 7.08 (5.36 9.16) 1.55 (0.92 2.45)
District of Columbia 2.53 (1.84 3.39) 3.87 (2.71 5.33) 6.08 (4.47 8.06) 1.80 (1.08 2.82)
Florida 1.89 (1.56 2.26) 3.87 (3.14 4.72) 6.49 (5.47 7.64) 1.02 (0.69 1.44)
Georgia 1.99 (1.49 2.60) 3.54 (2.58 4.74) 5.51 (4.03 7.33) 1.14 (0.65 1.85)
Hawaii 2.03 (1.47 2.74) 5.39 (3.87 7.28) 5.80 (4.08 7.97) 1.04 (0.52 1.85)
Idaho 2.10 (1.62 2.67) 4.55 (3.31 6.08) 5.93 (4.40 7.78) 0.89 (0.49 1.49)
Illinois 2.36 (2.02 2.75) 4.05 (3.35 4.85) 7.18 (6.14 8.34) 1.30 (0.94 1.75)
Indiana 2.02 (1.56 2.59) 4.19 (3.08 5.56) 6.24 (4.68 8.13) 0.99 (0.59 1.56)
Iowa 1.43 (1.04 1.93) 3.79 (2.70 5.16) 4.22 (2.90 5.93) 0.61 (0.29 1.16)
Kansas 1.98 (1.49 2.59) 4.23 (3.04 5.74) 5.03 (3.66 6.72) 1.09 (0.62 1.77)
Kentucky 2.34 (1.81 2.97) 4.85 (3.61 6.37) 6.71 (5.10 8.63) 1.25 (0.75 1.97)
Louisiana 2.74 (2.11 3.50) 4.88 (3.59 6.47) 7.77 (5.90 10.00) 1.39 (0.80 2.25)
Maine 2.44 (1.90 3.09) 6.34 (4.74 8.27) 7.78 (5.85 10.11) 1.16 (0.66 1.88)
Maryland 2.40 (1.82 3.09) 5.39 (4.04 7.03) 7.07 (5.37 9.11) 1.30 (0.75 2.12)
Massachusetts 2.84 (2.14 3.70) 7.31 (5.57 9.39) 7.12 (5.33 9.28) 1.66 (0.97 2.65)
Michigan 2.15 (1.84 2.49) 5.33 (4.53 6.22) 6.22 (5.28 7.28) 1.01 (0.69 1.42)
Minnesota 2.34 (1.80 2.99) 4.99 (3.68 6.60) 6.61 (4.93 8.64) 1.18 (0.70 1.87)
Mississippi 2.30 (1.75 2.95) 4.18 (2.99 5.68) 6.34 (4.77 8.25) 1.23 (0.73 1.95)
Missouri 1.68 (1.26 2.19) 3.63 (2.59 4.95) 5.17 (3.79 6.87) 0.80 (0.43 1.37)
Montana 2.50 (1.96 3.14) 7.09 (5.37 9.15) 6.82 (5.22 8.72) 1.08 (0.61 1.77)
Nebraska 1.79 (1.36 2.31) 4.18 (3.04 5.60) 5.04 (3.64 6.79) 0.83 (0.47 1.37)
Nevada 2.94 (2.23 3.80) 5.81 (4.20 7.81) 7.70 (5.73 10.10) 1.83 (1.13 2.79)
New Hampshire 2.40 (1.88 3.01) 6.37 (4.88 8.13) 7.54 (5.68 9.77) 1.08 (0.63 1.72)
New Jersey 1.75 (1.30 2.31) 3.59 (2.62 4.78) 6.42 (4.73 8.48) 0.85 (0.45 1.46)
New Mexico 2.65 (2.05 3.36) 6.58 (4.95 8.54) 5.85 (4.30 7.74) 1.41 (0.85 2.21)
New York 2.50 (2.11 2.95) 3.80 (3.10 4.60) 8.25 (7.12 9.49) 1.44 (1.03 1.96)
North Carolina 1.99 (1.47 2.63) 3.60 (2.58 4.87) 5.93 (4.32 7.92) 1.15 (0.67 1.85)
North Dakota 1.57 (1.17 2.07) 4.11 (2.93 5.61) 4.25 (2.99 5.86) 0.67 (0.34 1.17)
Ohio 1.91 (1.62 2.24) 4.10 (3.42 4.86) 5.59 (4.72 6.56) 0.99 (0.69 1.37)
Oklahoma 2.25 (1.73 2.88) 4.50 (3.26 6.04) 5.91 (4.43 7.71) 1.26 (0.75 1.97)
Oregon 2.60 (2.00 3.33) 5.74 (4.29 7.49) 7.38 (5.65 9.43) 1.42 (0.84 2.27)
Pennsylvania 1.82 (1.55 2.11) 3.85 (3.20 4.60) 5.87 (5.00 6.84) 0.96 (0.69 1.29)
Rhode Island 2.04 (1.53 2.66) 4.82 (3.53 6.41) 6.60 (4.88 8.70) 1.00 (0.55 1.68)
South Carolina 1.71 (1.24 2.29) 3.93 (2.79 5.36) 4.95 (3.59 6.63) 0.88 (0.45 1.56)
South Dakota 1.65 (1.21 2.19) 3.99 (2.83 5.46) 4.72 (3.30 6.53) 0.68 (0.33 1.25)
Tennessee 2.37 (1.81 3.03) 5.36 (3.98 7.04) 6.50 (4.85 8.50) 1.30 (0.78 2.03)
Texas 2.00 (1.70 2.34) 4.79 (4.00 5.67) 5.24 (4.40 6.18) 0.92 (0.61 1.33)
Utah 2.26 (1.71 2.91) 4.12 (2.92 5.64) 4.71 (3.36 6.41) 1.15 (0.67 1.85)
Vermont 2.67 (2.06 3.41) 5.07 (3.76 6.67) 8.37 (6.55 10.49) 1.44 (0.84 2.30)
Virginia 1.63 (1.19 2.17) 3.40 (2.42 4.65) 4.90 (3.53 6.61) 0.88 (0.49 1.47)
Washington 2.78 (2.06 3.66) 5.67 (4.27 7.36) 6.33 (4.70 8.30) 1.79 (1.04 2.86)
West Virginia 1.95 (1.47 2.54) 4.85 (3.58 6.41) 5.04 (3.60 6.83) 1.12 (0.66 1.78)
Wisconsin 1.98 (1.51 2.55) 4.20 (3.07 5.59) 5.77 (4.27 7.59) 1.00 (0.57 1.62)
Wyoming 1.94 (1.47 2.51) 3.97 (2.79 5.46) 6.07 (4.46 8.06) 0.81 (0.44 1.39)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.16 Percentages Reporting Past Year Any Illicit Drug Dependence, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 1.44       2.41       4.12       0.86      
Alabama 1.09 (0.72 1.58) 1.67 (1.07 2.49) 3.65 (2.56 5.04) 0.58 (0.25 1.16)
Alaska 1.43 (1.02 1.95) 2.53 (1.72 3.58) 3.98 (2.83 5.43) 0.69 (0.34 1.25)
Arizona 1.61 (1.10 2.26) 2.67 (1.85 3.73) 3.99 (2.86 5.41) 1.02 (0.53 1.80)
Arkansas 1.45 (1.02 2.01) 2.24 (1.56 3.13) 4.26 (3.06 5.75) 0.87 (0.46 1.50)
California 2.07 (1.65 2.56) 3.01 (2.42 3.69) 4.62 (3.82 5.53) 1.47 (0.98 2.10)
Colorado 1.67 (1.21 2.25) 2.97 (2.08 4.09) 5.14 (3.75 6.86) 0.88 (0.46 1.52)
Connecticut 1.93 (1.34 2.70) 3.26 (2.26 4.53) 5.45 (3.92 7.37) 1.27 (0.68 2.17)
Delaware 1.85 (1.29 2.57) 2.52 (1.73 3.54) 5.29 (3.94 6.94) 1.22 (0.66 2.06)
District of Columbia 1.91 (1.27 2.75) 2.03 (1.33 2.97) 4.90 (3.55 6.58) 1.41 (0.75 2.42)
Florida 1.23 (0.96 1.54) 1.98 (1.52 2.54) 4.27 (3.50 5.16) 0.72 (0.46 1.08)
Georgia 1.17 (0.78 1.70) 1.72 (1.12 2.54) 3.32 (2.27 4.67) 0.71 (0.35 1.30)
Hawaii 1.35 (0.87 1.99) 2.90 (1.90 4.24) 3.62 (2.46 5.12) 0.80 (0.37 1.53)
Idaho 1.31 (0.95 1.76) 2.23 (1.50 3.20) 4.04 (2.92 5.43) 0.59 (0.30 1.04)
Illinois 1.52 (1.24 1.84) 2.32 (1.85 2.87) 4.55 (3.79 5.40) 0.88 (0.60 1.26)
Indiana 1.35 (0.95 1.84) 2.11 (1.41 3.03) 4.32 (3.15 5.78) 0.72 (0.37 1.26)
Iowa 0.95 (0.64 1.37) 2.19 (1.45 3.16) 2.87 (1.93 4.11) 0.44 (0.19 0.89)
Kansas 1.24 (0.85 1.75) 2.13 (1.42 3.07) 3.38 (2.36 4.69) 0.72 (0.35 1.30)
Kentucky 1.53 (1.09 2.08) 2.47 (1.69 3.49) 4.40 (3.20 5.88) 0.91 (0.50 1.52)
Louisiana 1.77 (1.27 2.41) 2.56 (1.76 3.60) 4.96 (3.64 6.57) 1.01 (0.53 1.75)
Maine 1.44 (1.03 1.96) 3.41 (2.38 4.71) 4.50 (3.20 6.14) 0.73 (0.38 1.29)
Maryland 1.59 (1.11 2.22) 2.67 (1.81 3.80) 4.52 (3.36 5.93) 1.01 (0.53 1.76)
Massachusetts 2.03 (1.41 2.83) 3.91 (2.72 5.44) 5.15 (3.75 6.89) 1.34 (0.73 2.26)
Michigan 1.26 (1.02 1.54) 2.79 (2.23 3.45) 3.79 (3.11 4.58) 0.61 (0.37 0.96)
Minnesota 1.27 (0.91 1.72) 2.27 (1.54 3.22) 4.06 (2.98 5.38) 0.62 (0.31 1.11)
Mississippi 1.49 (1.05 2.05) 2.29 (1.56 3.23) 4.00 (2.87 5.43) 0.89 (0.46 1.54)
Missouri 1.06 (0.72 1.51) 1.99 (1.29 2.93) 3.29 (2.30 4.55) 0.55 (0.26 1.05)
Montana 1.36 (0.98 1.84) 3.07 (2.15 4.24) 4.06 (2.95 5.44) 0.64 (0.32 1.17)
Nebraska 1.16 (0.81 1.61) 2.25 (1.49 3.27) 3.31 (2.33 4.55) 0.60 (0.29 1.11)
Nevada 1.70 (1.17 2.38) 3.08 (2.07 4.41) 4.65 (3.32 6.31) 1.06 (0.56 1.82)
New Hampshire 1.44 (1.03 1.95) 2.84 (1.94 3.99) 5.14 (3.72 6.90) 0.69 (0.35 1.23)
New Jersey 1.06 (0.72 1.50) 1.73 (1.14 2.52) 4.02 (2.88 5.46) 0.55 (0.25 1.04)
New Mexico 1.57 (1.09 2.18) 3.21 (2.22 4.48) 3.39 (2.40 4.64) 0.96 (0.50 1.67)
New York 1.56 (1.28 1.89) 2.14 (1.66 2.70) 5.09 (4.22 6.07) 0.94 (0.65 1.32)
North Carolina 1.26 (0.85 1.81) 1.92 (1.28 2.78) 3.54 (2.47 4.91) 0.81 (0.42 1.43)
North Dakota 0.92 (0.62 1.30) 1.93 (1.25 2.84) 2.73 (1.85 3.87) 0.41 (0.18 0.83)
Ohio 1.13 (0.91 1.39) 2.09 (1.63 2.64) 3.69 (3.06 4.41) 0.57 (0.35 0.87)
Oklahoma 1.35 (0.93 1.89) 2.28 (1.52 3.28) 3.80 (2.71 5.18) 0.77 (0.39 1.37)
Oregon 1.61 (1.14 2.22) 2.60 (1.78 3.66) 4.98 (3.69 6.55) 0.94 (0.50 1.62)
Pennsylvania 1.30 (1.06 1.57) 2.35 (1.87 2.91) 4.02 (3.32 4.82) 0.76 (0.52 1.07)
Rhode Island 1.30 (0.90 1.83) 2.48 (1.66 3.56) 4.58 (3.31 6.15) 0.67 (0.33 1.22)
South Carolina 1.11 (0.73 1.61) 2.00 (1.30 2.94) 3.17 (2.20 4.41) 0.65 (0.30 1.23)
South Dakota 1.06 (0.74 1.47) 2.12 (1.41 3.06) 3.26 (2.28 4.52) 0.46 (0.21 0.91)
Tennessee 1.49 (1.03 2.09) 2.67 (1.83 3.77) 4.39 (3.14 5.96) 0.86 (0.43 1.55)
Texas 1.22 (0.98 1.50) 2.24 (1.78 2.79) 3.49 (2.84 4.25) 0.60 (0.37 0.93)
Utah 1.32 (0.93 1.80) 2.13 (1.37 3.16) 3.09 (2.14 4.31) 0.63 (0.31 1.16)
Vermont 1.93 (1.40 2.58) 2.84 (1.97 3.96) 6.34 (4.84 8.14) 1.10 (0.60 1.86)
Virginia 1.04 (0.70 1.49) 1.82 (1.22 2.61) 3.40 (2.31 4.82) 0.56 (0.26 1.05)
Washington 1.82 (1.24 2.57) 3.02 (2.12 4.18) 4.26 (3.05 5.77) 1.24 (0.65 2.16)
West Virginia 1.30 (0.91 1.79) 2.69 (1.90 3.71) 3.54 (2.51 4.84) 0.78 (0.42 1.32)
Wisconsin 1.08 (0.75 1.52) 2.11 (1.44 2.98) 3.11 (2.17 4.32) 0.58 (0.29 1.06)
Wyoming 1.24 (0.88 1.70) 2.22 (1.47 3.20) 3.81 (2.71 5.19) 0.58 (0.29 1.05)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.17 Percentages Reporting Past Year Dependence or Abuse for Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 6.97       7.80       16.93       5.16      
Alabama 6.13 (5.08 7.32) 7.41 (5.86 9.21) 13.96 (11.58 16.63) 4.63 (3.46 6.04)
Alaska 7.90 (6.72 9.22) 8.60 (6.87 10.60) 18.54 (15.81 21.52) 5.52 (4.17 7.15)
Arizona 7.34 (6.15 8.69) 8.50 (6.76 10.52) 15.78 (13.22 18.63) 5.67 (4.29 7.32)
Arkansas 6.56 (5.55 7.69) 8.54 (6.84 10.49) 16.42 (13.80 19.32) 4.61 (3.52 5.90)
California 7.58 (6.86 8.35) 8.06 (7.19 9.00) 15.90 (14.45 17.43) 5.98 (5.11 6.96)
Colorado 7.98 (6.76 9.33) 9.32 (7.50 11.42) 20.60 (17.49 23.99) 5.56 (4.22 7.16)
Connecticut 8.46 (7.12 9.96) 9.90 (7.96 12.12) 21.86 (18.58 25.44) 6.41 (4.93 8.17)
Delaware 7.44 (6.26 8.77) 8.20 (6.48 10.21) 17.12 (14.51 20.00) 5.80 (4.46 7.38)
District of Columbia 9.07 (7.50 10.84) 6.66 (4.98 8.70) 19.22 (16.23 22.50) 7.67 (5.85 9.83)
Florida 6.54 (5.82 7.32) 6.38 (5.44 7.42) 15.69 (14.19 17.28) 5.31 (4.46 6.26)
Georgia 6.01 (4.95 7.22) 5.95 (4.63 7.51) 13.95 (11.61 16.57) 4.60 (3.40 6.08)
Hawaii 6.78 (5.58 8.13) 9.72 (7.63 12.17) 17.68 (14.69 20.99) 4.72 (3.44 6.31)
Idaho 6.56 (5.57 7.66) 7.70 (6.07 9.59) 16.34 (13.79 19.15) 4.31 (3.25 5.59)
Illinois 7.54 (6.82 8.30) 7.03 (6.10 8.05) 18.57 (16.98 20.23) 5.70 (4.85 6.64)
Indiana 6.03 (5.04 7.15) 7.53 (5.95 9.38) 15.59 (13.00 18.47) 4.15 (3.09 5.44)
Iowa 7.06 (6.05 8.19) 8.70 (6.97 10.70) 20.14 (17.38 23.12) 4.53 (3.44 5.83)
Kansas 7.02 (5.88 8.30) 8.02 (6.29 10.04) 16.93 (14.20 19.95) 5.05 (3.79 6.59)
Kentucky 6.46 (5.46 7.58) 8.49 (6.79 10.45) 15.99 (13.61 18.62) 4.54 (3.45 5.85)
Louisiana 7.98 (6.73 9.39) 8.95 (7.14 11.05) 17.72 (15.01 20.69) 5.87 (4.46 7.56)
Maine 6.70 (5.70 7.81) 10.02 (8.12 12.19) 19.40 (16.45 22.62) 4.39 (3.34 5.66)
Maryland 7.07 (5.94 8.34) 8.66 (6.94 10.64) 18.47 (15.89 21.26) 5.15 (3.89 6.66)
Massachusetts 9.13 (7.70 10.74) 10.23 (8.30 12.45) 23.07 (19.92 26.46) 6.93 (5.33 8.84)
Michigan 7.14 (6.50 7.84) 8.58 (7.60 9.65) 17.94 (16.47 19.48) 5.12 (4.36 5.96)
Minnesota 7.34 (6.28 8.50) 8.99 (7.20 11.06) 19.21 (16.58 22.06) 4.97 (3.82 6.33)
Mississippi 7.25 (6.07 8.59) 7.48 (5.86 9.39) 15.21 (12.65 18.07) 5.68 (4.32 7.32)
Missouri 6.61 (5.59 7.76) 8.00 (6.35 9.92) 17.35 (14.73 20.22) 4.58 (3.47 5.91)
Montana 8.60 (7.41 9.92) 11.65 (9.46 14.14) 23.09 (20.08 26.32) 5.64 (4.29 7.25)
Nebraska 8.28 (7.15 9.54) 9.34 (7.49 11.48) 21.38 (18.33 24.69) 5.70 (4.43 7.20)
Nevada 7.78 (6.60 9.09) 9.88 (7.85 12.22) 18.62 (15.56 21.99) 5.82 (4.53 7.34)
New Hampshire 7.23 (6.16 8.41) 9.43 (7.61 11.51) 19.84 (16.96 22.98) 5.03 (3.86 6.42)
New Jersey 6.28 (5.19 7.51) 6.26 (4.98 7.76) 15.86 (13.22 18.79) 4.89 (3.68 6.37)
New Mexico 8.47 (7.17 9.93) 11.47 (9.26 14.00) 18.09 (15.23 21.24) 6.17 (4.69 7.94)
New York 6.76 (6.10 7.48) 6.35 (5.44 7.35) 19.52 (17.83 21.29) 4.82 (4.05 5.68)
North Carolina 5.17 (4.18 6.31) 5.75 (4.36 7.42) 13.04 (10.68 15.70) 3.86 (2.79 5.19)
North Dakota 9.33 (8.05 10.74) 10.65 (8.54 13.08) 27.09 (23.60 30.79) 5.69 (4.30 7.37)
Ohio 6.27 (5.69 6.90) 7.07 (6.17 8.06) 16.84 (15.41 18.35) 4.37 (3.68 5.16)
Oklahoma 7.05 (5.90 8.36) 7.75 (5.98 9.84) 15.58 (13.06 18.38) 5.41 (4.10 6.98)
Oregon 7.33 (6.18 8.61) 8.77 (7.01 10.80) 18.27 (15.62 21.16) 5.36 (4.11 6.87)
Pennsylvania 6.69 (6.05 7.37) 7.11 (6.21 8.09) 17.15 (15.67 18.71) 5.08 (4.33 5.91)
Rhode Island 7.96 (6.68 9.40) 8.22 (6.42 10.33) 21.09 (18.06 24.36) 6.00 (4.56 7.71)
South Carolina 5.63 (4.65 6.76) 6.66 (5.15 8.45) 13.08 (10.87 15.55) 4.27 (3.17 5.62)
South Dakota 7.61 (6.44 8.92) 8.41 (6.70 10.38) 19.53 (16.59 22.75) 5.17 (3.89 6.72)
Tennessee 6.51 (5.46 7.69) 8.92 (7.07 11.05) 15.45 (12.96 18.21) 4.73 (3.59 6.11)
Texas 6.86 (6.17 7.61) 8.20 (7.24 9.24) 15.39 (14.02 16.84) 4.95 (4.10 5.91)
Utah 6.40 (5.38 7.55) 6.29 (4.74 8.16) 13.16 (10.90 15.69) 4.45 (3.29 5.88)
Vermont 8.07 (6.90 9.38) 8.79 (7.06 10.79) 20.28 (17.57 23.20) 6.03 (4.73 7.56)
Virginia 5.54 (4.62 6.59) 5.76 (4.44 7.32) 15.40 (12.83 18.26) 3.93 (2.94 5.14)
Washington 8.37 (7.07 9.82) 10.26 (8.35 12.43) 17.85 (15.08 20.89) 6.51 (5.02 8.28)
West Virginia 6.12 (5.15 7.20) 8.91 (7.17 10.91) 15.67 (13.05 18.59) 4.26 (3.24 5.49)
Wisconsin 7.26 (6.18 8.47) 8.38 (6.77 10.23) 18.25 (15.55 21.20) 5.18 (4.00 6.58)
Wyoming 7.38 (6.28 8.61) 9.17 (7.29 11.35) 20.25 (17.22 23.55) 4.56 (3.41 5.97)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence and Abuse are based on definitions found in the 4th ed. of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.18 Percentages Reporting Past Year Illicit Drug Treatment Gap, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 2.02       4.25       5.94       1.04      
Alabama 1.63 (1.24 2.11) 3.32 (2.34 4.56) 5.37 (3.92 7.15) 0.77 (0.46 1.23)
Alaska 2.23 (1.72 2.85) 4.63 (3.35 6.23) 5.88 (4.32 7.78) 1.02 (0.60 1.63)
Arizona 2.25 (1.71 2.91) 4.95 (3.67 6.52) 5.35 (3.97 7.03) 1.30 (0.77 2.05)
Arkansas 2.09 (1.64 2.63) 4.49 (3.34 5.89) 7.35 (5.52 9.56) 0.86 (0.52 1.36)
California 2.68 (2.29 3.10) 5.22 (4.47 6.05) 6.52 (5.57 7.59) 1.61 (1.19 2.13)
Colorado 2.47 (1.88 3.17) 5.16 (3.81 6.81) 6.70 (4.98 8.78) 1.34 (0.81 2.10)
Connecticut 2.28 (1.71 2.97) 5.40 (3.97 7.15) 7.09 (5.26 9.32) 1.21 (0.72 1.92)
Delaware 1.98 (1.54 2.51) 4.54 (3.35 6.00) 5.93 (4.44 7.73) 1.02 (0.64 1.55)
District of Columbia 2.14 (1.57 2.86) 3.82 (2.64 5.34) 5.73 (4.17 7.66) 1.37 (0.83 2.14)
Florida 1.69 (1.41 2.01) 3.56 (2.89 4.33) 5.92 (4.94 7.02) 0.89 (0.62 1.22)
Georgia 1.77 (1.35 2.26) 3.43 (2.49 4.60) 5.34 (3.96 7.02) 0.89 (0.54 1.40)
Hawaii 1.81 (1.31 2.42) 5.39 (3.85 7.33) 4.89 (3.43 6.75) 0.89 (0.46 1.55)
Idaho 1.96 (1.52 2.47) 4.15 (3.03 5.55) 5.98 (4.45 7.84) 0.75 (0.44 1.19)
Illinois 2.10 (1.79 2.45) 3.76 (3.10 4.52) 6.72 (5.73 7.82) 1.08 (0.78 1.45)
Indiana 1.82 (1.42 2.30) 4.04 (2.98 5.35) 5.86 (4.31 7.76) 0.81 (0.50 1.24)
Iowa 1.35 (0.98 1.80) 3.53 (2.51 4.82) 4.00 (2.78 5.58) 0.57 (0.30 1.00)
Kansas 1.77 (1.33 2.30) 3.67 (2.52 5.16) 4.76 (3.46 6.37) 0.94 (0.55 1.48)
Kentucky 1.95 (1.54 2.44) 4.48 (3.37 5.81) 6.19 (4.70 7.98) 0.89 (0.55 1.34)
Louisiana 2.37 (1.84 3.01) 4.32 (3.15 5.76) 7.22 (5.45 9.34) 1.10 (0.65 1.73)
Maine 2.30 (1.83 2.85) 6.60 (4.98 8.56) 7.64 (5.87 9.75) 0.96 (0.58 1.50)
Maryland 2.16 (1.66 2.75) 4.88 (3.61 6.44) 6.49 (4.90 8.41) 1.15 (0.69 1.80)
Massachusetts 2.54 (1.94 3.27) 6.80 (5.13 8.82) 6.93 (5.26 8.94) 1.37 (0.82 2.14)
Michigan 1.99 (1.72 2.29) 4.99 (4.21 5.86) 5.89 (4.98 6.90) 0.91 (0.65 1.23)
Minnesota 2.24 (1.73 2.85) 4.60 (3.42 6.05) 6.46 (4.86 8.38) 1.13 (0.70 1.74)
Mississippi 1.99 (1.53 2.53) 4.26 (3.07 5.76) 5.64 (4.18 7.42) 0.94 (0.57 1.44)
Missouri 1.51 (1.12 2.00) 3.27 (2.29 4.53) 4.95 (3.61 6.61) 0.68 (0.37 1.15)
Montana 2.12 (1.67 2.65) 6.23 (4.57 8.27) 5.99 (4.56 7.71) 0.85 (0.49 1.36)
Nebraska 1.62 (1.21 2.12) 3.63 (2.55 4.99) 4.81 (3.50 6.43) 0.73 (0.41 1.18)
Nevada 2.63 (1.94 3.48) 5.30 (3.81 7.15) 7.41 (5.41 9.87) 1.53 (0.90 2.42)
New Hampshire 2.22 (1.76 2.77) 5.98 (4.53 7.72) 6.98 (5.20 9.14) 0.99 (0.61 1.51)
New Jersey 1.63 (1.21 2.14) 2.99 (2.11 4.11) 5.94 (4.33 7.92) 0.84 (0.47 1.37)
New Mexico 2.28 (1.76 2.90) 5.82 (4.24 7.76) 5.45 (3.97 7.26) 1.11 (0.67 1.73)
New York 2.26 (1.91 2.66) 3.45 (2.82 4.17) 7.90 (6.77 9.15) 1.23 (0.88 1.68)
North Carolina 1.73 (1.31 2.25) 3.40 (2.44 4.60) 5.35 (3.93 7.10) 0.94 (0.57 1.46)
North Dakota 1.43 (1.06 1.90) 3.56 (2.51 4.91) 4.02 (2.79 5.59) 0.61 (0.32 1.07)
Ohio 1.69 (1.43 1.98) 3.64 (3.00 4.37) 5.24 (4.45 6.14) 0.82 (0.58 1.13)
Oklahoma 1.86 (1.45 2.34) 4.20 (3.06 5.61) 5.60 (4.16 7.37) 0.84 (0.52 1.27)
Oregon 2.28 (1.76 2.90) 5.25 (3.90 6.88) 6.58 (5.03 8.44) 1.20 (0.73 1.86)
Pennsylvania 1.62 (1.38 1.90) 3.53 (2.92 4.22) 5.57 (4.68 6.58) 0.80 (0.57 1.09)
Rhode Island 1.86 (1.43 2.38) 4.39 (3.21 5.86) 6.31 (4.72 8.23) 0.88 (0.53 1.37)
South Carolina 1.51 (1.12 1.99) 3.76 (2.69 5.09) 4.43 (3.17 6.02) 0.74 (0.42 1.22)
South Dakota 1.48 (1.09 1.96) 3.71 (2.59 5.13) 4.35 (3.05 6.01) 0.57 (0.29 1.00)
Tennessee 2.05 (1.59 2.60) 5.04 (3.74 6.63) 5.98 (4.45 7.85) 1.01 (0.63 1.55)
Texas 1.83 (1.54 2.17) 4.32 (3.58 5.17) 4.84 (4.03 5.76) 0.85 (0.57 1.21)
Utah 1.92 (1.43 2.52) 3.33 (2.28 4.69) 4.12 (2.91 5.66) 0.98 (0.54 1.63)
Vermont 2.47 (1.92 3.13) 5.21 (3.84 6.91) 7.74 (6.00 9.80) 1.26 (0.77 1.95)
Virginia 1.53 (1.13 2.01) 3.30 (2.38 4.45) 4.71 (3.35 6.41) 0.79 (0.45 1.28)
Washington 2.41 (1.79 3.17) 4.88 (3.66 6.35) 5.97 (4.43 7.85) 1.47 (0.86 2.35)
West Virginia 1.63 (1.25 2.08) 4.42 (3.27 5.82) 4.95 (3.58 6.65) 0.77 (0.47 1.21)
Wisconsin 1.76 (1.36 2.23) 3.69 (2.67 4.97) 5.44 (4.07 7.10) 0.83 (0.51 1.30)
Wyoming 1.71 (1.29 2.22) 3.49 (2.45 4.81) 5.34 (3.90 7.11) 0.72 (0.40 1.19)
NOTE: Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.19 Estimated Numbers (in Thousands) of Persons Reporting Past Year Illicit Drug Treatment Gap, by Age Group and State: Annual Averages Based on 2000 and 2001 NHSDAs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 4,528       999       1,737       1,792      
Alabama 59 (45 77) 12 (9 17) 26 (19 34) 22 (13 34)
Alaska 11 (8 14) 3 (2 4) 4 (3 6) 4 (2 6)
Arizona 88 (67 114) 22 (16 29) 28 (21 37) 38 (23 60)
Arkansas 45 (35 56) 10 (7 13) 21 (16 27) 14 (8 22)
California 708 (606 822) 147 (126 171) 240 (205 279) 321 (237 425)
Colorado 84 (64 108) 19 (14 25) 31 (23 40) 35 (21 54)
Connecticut 62 (46 80) 14 (11 19) 21 (16 28) 26 (15 41)
Delaware 13 (10 16) 3 (2 4) 5 (4 6) 5 (3 8)
District of Columbia 9 (7 12) 1 (1 2) 3 (2 4) 5 (3 7)
Florida 216 (180 257) 43 (35 52) 83 (69 98) 90 (63 125)
Georgia 113 (87 145) 24 (17 32) 46 (34 61) 43 (26 68)
Hawaii 17 (12 23) 5 (4 7) 6 (4 8) 7 (3 12)
Idaho 21 (16 26) 5 (4 7) 10 (7 13) 6 (3 9)
Illinois 206 (176 240) 38 (32 46) 87 (74 101) 81 (59 109)
Indiana 90 (70 113) 21 (15 28) 39 (28 51) 30 (19 47)
Iowa 32 (23 43) 9 (6 12) 13 (9 18) 10 (5 18)
Kansas 38 (29 50) 9 (6 12) 14 (10 19) 15 (9 24)
Kentucky 64 (51 80) 15 (11 19) 27 (21 35) 22 (14 34)
Louisiana 84 (65 107) 18 (13 23) 38 (29 49) 29 (17 45)
Maine 24 (19 30) 7 (5 9) 9 (7 12) 8 (5 12)
Maryland 93 (71 118) 21 (16 28) 33 (25 43) 39 (23 60)
Massachusetts 131 (100 168) 34 (26 44) 42 (32 54) 55 (33 87)
Michigan 160 (138 185) 43 (36 51) 61 (52 72) 56 (40 76)
Minnesota 89 (69 113) 20 (15 27) 35 (26 45) 34 (21 52)
Mississippi 45 (35 57) 11 (8 15) 18 (14 24) 16 (10 24)
Missouri 69 (51 90) 16 (11 22) 29 (21 39) 23 (13 40)
Montana 16 (13 20) 5 (4 7) 6 (5 8) 5 (3 8)
Nebraska 22 (17 29) 6 (4 8) 9 (7 12) 7 (4 12)
Nevada 41 (30 54) 8 (6 11) 14 (10 19) 19 (11 29)
New Hampshire 23 (18 28) 6 (5 8) 8 (6 11) 8 (5 12)
New Jersey 110 (82 144) 20 (14 27) 46 (33 61) 45 (25 73)
New Mexico 33 (25 42) 10 (7 13) 11 (8 15) 12 (7 19)
New York 337 (285 396) 50 (41 61) 144 (123 166) 143 (102 195)
North Carolina 110 (83 143) 22 (16 30) 41 (30 55) 46 (28 72)
North Dakota 8 (6 10) 2 (1 3) 3 (2 4) 2 (1 4)
Ohio 157 (133 184) 35 (29 42) 63 (54 74) 59 (41 80)
Oklahoma 51 (40 64) 13 (9 17) 21 (16 28) 17 (11 26)
Oregon 64 (49 81) 15 (11 19) 24 (18 30) 26 (16 40)
Pennsylvania 163 (139 191) 35 (29 42) 65 (55 77) 63 (45 86)
Rhode Island 15 (12 20) 4 (3 5) 6 (4 8) 6 (3 9)
South Carolina 48 (36 64) 12 (9 16) 18 (13 24) 18 (10 30)
South Dakota 9 (7 12) 3 (2 4) 4 (3 5) 3 (1 4)
Tennessee 95 (73 120) 23 (17 30) 35 (26 47) 36 (22 55)
Texas 297 (250 351) 81 (67 96) 116 (96 137) 101 (68 145)
Utah 33 (24 43) 8 (5 11) 14 (10 19) 11 (6 18)
Vermont 13 (10 16) 3 (2 4) 5 (4 6) 5 (3 8)
Virginia 87 (64 114) 19 (13 25) 33 (24 45) 35 (20 56)
Washington 115 (86 152) 24 (18 32) 37 (27 49) 54 (32 86)
West Virginia 25 (19 32) 6 (5 8) 10 (7 13) 9 (6 14)
Wisconsin 77 (60 98) 18 (13 24) 32 (24 42) 28 (17 43)
Wyoming 7 (5 9) 2 (1 2) 3 (2 4) 2 (1 4)
NOTE: Illicit Drug Treatment Gap is defined as the number of persons who needed treatment in the past year but did not receive treatment in a specialty substance abuse treatment facility.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the sum of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2000 and 2001.

30130

Table B.20 Percentages Reporting Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Age Group and State: 2001 NHSDA
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
18–25 26 or Older
Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval Estimate Prediction Interval
Total1 7.41       11.77       6.66      
Alabama 7.40 (5.94 9.10) 11.25 (8.73 14.19) 6.74 (5.11 8.70)
Alaska 7.05 (5.66 8.66) 10.70 (8.35 13.45) 6.23 (4.66 8.12)
Arizona 8.19 (6.55 10.09) 12.02 (9.65 14.74) 7.50 (5.65 9.72)
Arkansas 8.24 (6.67 10.05) 12.62 (9.88 15.79) 7.48 (5.76 9.52)
California 7.14 (6.12 8.27) 9.70 (8.29 11.26) 6.66 (5.50 7.98)
Colorado 7.04 (5.72 8.56) 11.64 (9.22 14.43) 6.22 (4.74 7.98)
Connecticut 5.92 (4.80 7.21) 11.99 (9.48 14.89) 5.09 (3.88 6.55)
Delaware 6.78 (5.49 8.26) 12.42 (10.07 15.09) 5.88 (4.47 7.57)
District of Columbia 6.97 (5.43 8.79) 10.01 (7.71 12.71) 6.53 (4.83 8.59)
Florida 6.81 (5.82 7.92) 11.91 (10.16 13.84) 6.11 (5.01 7.35)
Georgia 8.66 (6.99 10.57) 12.46 (9.99 15.28) 7.98 (6.09 10.22)
Hawaii 5.12 (3.97 6.47) 10.74 (8.20 13.75) 4.21 (2.98 5.77)
Idaho 8.13 (6.60 9.88) 13.32 (10.71 16.31) 7.01 (5.25 9.14)
Illinois 6.94 (6.07 7.90) 12.79 (11.14 14.59) 5.94 (4.98 7.03)
Indiana 6.84 (5.55 8.34) 11.04 (8.53 13.99) 6.11 (4.70 7.79)
Iowa 6.92 (5.52 8.55) 10.97 (8.65 13.66) 6.20 (4.64 8.10)
Kansas 7.89 (6.23 9.82) 10.56 (8.07 13.50) 7.38 (5.47 9.70)
Kentucky 8.99 (7.26 10.97) 13.68 (11.12 16.57) 8.17 (6.25 10.44)
Louisiana 8.18 (6.71 9.85) 13.59 (11.03 16.48) 7.08 (5.43 9.04)
Maine 8.10 (6.61 9.79) 14.36 (11.61 17.49) 7.16 (5.53 9.09)
Maryland 6.79 (5.46 8.33) 11.45 (9.13 14.12) 6.09 (4.63 7.85)
Massachusetts 7.00 (5.64 8.57) 12.19 (9.65 15.12) 6.24 (4.75 8.03)
Michigan 8.15 (7.13 9.27) 12.83 (11.25 14.55) 7.37 (6.22 8.66)
Minnesota 8.19 (6.61 10.01) 12.98 (10.42 15.91) 7.33 (5.56 9.44)
Mississippi 8.04 (6.61 9.67) 13.01 (10.38 16.02) 7.06 (5.46 8.96)
Missouri 7.40 (6.00 9.02) 12.75 (10.30 15.54) 6.48 (4.92 8.35)
Montana 8.11 (6.65 9.77) 12.81 (10.35 15.61) 7.26 (5.61 9.20)
Nebraska 7.47 (6.09 9.06) 11.68 (9.27 14.47) 6.67 (5.12 8.52)
Nevada 7.30 (5.88 8.93) 13.21 (10.34 16.53) 6.35 (4.81 8.21)
New Hampshire 6.63 (5.32 8.14) 11.93 (9.52 14.71) 5.85 (4.44 7.54)
New Jersey 6.37 (5.12 7.81) 11.22 (8.84 13.99) 5.68 (4.33 7.30)
New Mexico 7.33 (5.83 9.07) 10.45 (8.13 13.17) 6.74 (5.05 8.77)
New York 7.38 (6.36 8.50) 11.83 (10.28 13.52) 6.69 (5.55 7.98)
North Carolina 7.37 (5.98 8.96) 11.34 (8.87 14.21) 6.74 (5.21 8.55)
North Dakota 7.50 (6.09 9.13) 12.99 (10.37 15.98) 6.44 (4.86 8.33)
Ohio 7.64 (6.69 8.67) 12.37 (10.81 14.06) 6.83 (5.77 8.03)
Oklahoma 10.36 (8.50 12.46) 14.10 (11.18 17.45) 9.66 (7.59 12.07)
Oregon 7.63 (6.21 9.25) 12.34 (9.85 15.20) 6.83 (5.25 8.71)
Pennsylvania 6.99 (6.04 8.04) 11.52 (10.01 13.17) 6.32 (5.27 7.49)
Rhode Island 8.11 (6.50 9.97) 13.00 (10.40 15.96) 7.38 (5.62 9.49)
South Carolina 7.33 (5.94 8.94) 11.88 (9.63 14.43) 6.55 (4.99 8.43)
South Dakota 7.16 (5.83 8.68) 11.48 (9.11 14.21) 6.30 (4.82 8.06)
Tennessee 7.97 (6.44 9.73) 12.90 (10.21 16.01) 7.16 (5.46 9.18)
Texas 7.12 (6.20 8.14) 11.36 (9.83 13.03) 6.28 (5.23 7.47)
Utah 8.30 (6.91 9.87) 12.03 (9.71 14.67) 7.16 (5.56 9.06)
Vermont 7.65 (6.25 9.24) 13.34 (10.94 16.05) 6.75 (5.20 8.59)
Virginia 7.62 (6.17 9.29) 11.35 (8.98 14.09) 7.01 (5.39 8.94)
Washington 8.25 (6.70 10.03) 12.96 (10.44 15.84) 7.43 (5.71 9.48)
West Virginia 8.35 (6.69 10.27) 12.72 (10.22 15.59) 7.64 (5.79 9.86)
Wisconsin 6.95 (5.62 8.48) 11.90 (9.53 14.62) 6.08 (4.61 7.84)
Wyoming 7.19 (5.87 8.70) 12.35 (9.90 15.15) 6.15 (4.71 7.88)
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the DSM-IV criteria and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with, or limited one or more life activities.
NOTE: Data for Serious Mental Illness (SMI) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 2001.

Go to the Table of Contents

This page was last updated on May 20, 2008.