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2001 State Estimates of Substance Use

Appendix A: Tables of Change Between the 1999-2000 and the 2000-2001 Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance



Table A.1 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 9.79a 10.32 0.023 16.01a 17.29 0.000 4.17 4.39 0.216 6.28a 6.69 0.006
Alabama 9.62 9.48 0.919 14.43 15.21 0.671 3.29 3.69 0.546 5.38 5.77 0.522
Alaska 10.67 11.81 0.417 19.90 21.94 0.348 6.26 6.04 0.837 8.80 9.22 0.627
Arizona 11.03 11.13 0.948 13.60 16.07 0.190 4.04 4.35 0.695 6.10 6.69 0.403
Arkansas 10.79 11.40 0.677 13.79a 18.27 0.009 3.31 4.08 0.245 5.44a 6.69 0.039
California 10.44 11.06 0.383 15.82 17.45 0.127 5.74 6.04 0.658 7.62 8.16 0.322
Colorado 12.96 13.50 0.751 23.91 25.42 0.557 5.71 5.79 0.944 8.86 9.24 0.686
Connecticut 12.56 13.23 0.684 19.34 23.09 0.132 4.91 4.61 0.739 7.26 7.50 0.782
Delaware 14.25 12.09 0.198 22.98 21.90 0.627 5.38 4.76 0.503 8.45 7.62 0.318
District of Columbia 9.39 10.36 0.515 16.87 19.21 0.255 5.02 6.07 0.316 7.05 8.12 0.238
Florida 8.99 9.87 0.293 15.30 15.98 0.528 4.31 4.21 0.852 5.92 6.03 0.811
Georgia 8.82 8.28 0.634 15.09 15.72 0.731 4.35 4.12 0.775 6.28 6.13 0.844
Hawaii 11.34 11.79 0.792 18.77 19.08 0.900 5.53 5.11 0.699 7.67 7.45 0.808
Idaho 7.96 8.04 0.949 13.08 13.37 0.856 3.35 3.23 0.853 5.37 5.36 0.973
Illinois 10.52 10.79 0.742 16.41a 18.88 0.033 3.94 4.65 0.195 6.27b 7.17 0.054
Indiana 9.40 9.03 0.769 15.76 14.02 0.339 3.75 3.17 0.398 5.93 5.23 0.265
Iowa 6.92 7.67 0.503 12.45 13.17 0.662 2.50 2.49 0.982 4.28 4.47 0.684
Kansas 9.20 11.17 0.175 14.22 17.10 0.149 2.90 3.30 0.514 5.12 6.08 0.111
Kentucky 10.05 11.86 0.207 16.19 18.16 0.287 3.54 4.01 0.522 5.87 6.67 0.220
Louisiana 10.18 10.22 0.976 15.04 16.61 0.404 3.67 4.10 0.529 6.09 6.66 0.368
Maine 11.69 13.98 0.154 22.77 26.44 0.130 3.95 4.99 0.221 6.88a 8.38 0.046
Maryland 10.44 10.69 0.867 15.37 17.42 0.307 3.63 3.93 0.669 5.69 6.20 0.430
Massachusetts 14.58 14.38 0.912 25.76 25.69 0.976 8.82 8.06 0.573 11.35 10.73 0.586
Michigan 10.60b 12.12 0.068 18.53 19.90 0.241 4.41 4.72 0.541 6.89 7.48 0.185
Minnesota 11.03 11.70 0.659 16.74 18.41 0.396 3.34 3.69 0.617 5.97 6.57 0.363
Mississippi 8.48 8.89 0.747 14.22 15.39 0.509 2.98 3.28 0.620 5.21 5.65 0.432
Missouri 8.23 9.94 0.190 15.53 15.07 0.808 3.13 3.47 0.573 5.27 5.67 0.479
Montana 13.42 12.95 0.789 17.08 18.40 0.489 3.48 3.17 0.632 6.32 6.26 0.920
Nebraska 7.66 8.98 0.275 12.83 12.43 0.804 2.48 2.53 0.914 4.47 4.63 0.749
Nevada 11.80 12.00 0.904 16.95 17.60 0.764 5.55 5.04 0.590 7.49 7.27 0.792
New Hampshire 12.68 14.00 0.412 19.76a 25.47 0.016 3.73 4.58 0.278 6.55a 8.02 0.039
New Jersey 9.40 8.84 0.645 17.92 18.76 0.692 4.00 3.54 0.502 6.13 5.79 0.595
New Mexico 11.83 13.53 0.289 16.12 15.97 0.938 4.67 4.88 0.817 7.13 7.46 0.674
New York 8.77 9.57 0.330 17.07b 19.32 0.071 3.63 4.48 0.113 5.79a 6.79 0.028
North Carolina 9.64 9.97 0.791 16.83 18.47 0.405 4.70 5.94 0.188 6.68 7.89 0.137
North Dakota 8.75 8.60 0.907 11.35 12.12 0.634 2.11 1.88 0.573 4.19 4.11 0.846
Ohio 8.57 9.47 0.238 15.91 16.72 0.437 3.46 3.60 0.744 5.60 5.92 0.414
Oklahoma 8.69 9.88 0.420 11.34 13.41 0.215 3.32 3.29 0.963 4.99 5.40 0.526
Oregon 12.37 12.11 0.870 19.98 23.50 0.118 4.94 5.89 0.341 7.52 8.73 0.167
Pennsylvania 8.26b 9.68 0.053 15.39 16.63 0.249 4.13 3.86 0.593 5.85 5.93 0.857
Rhode Island 12.64 12.98 0.843 24.46 23.96 0.842 5.19 5.24 0.954 8.12 8.19 0.932
South Carolina 8.72 9.12 0.760 13.72 15.00 0.476 3.30 3.71 0.532 5.15 5.70 0.352
South Dakota 8.51 8.85 0.791 12.57 11.81 0.630 2.68 2.33 0.479 4.75 4.45 0.525
Tennessee 9.49 10.42 0.507 14.83 15.44 0.748 4.02 4.10 0.920 5.94 6.17 0.734
Texas 9.04 8.80 0.736 12.78 13.67 0.352 2.61 3.10 0.200 4.86 5.31 0.180
Utah 6.46 6.85 0.726 9.84 10.58 0.606 3.35 2.94 0.589 5.01 4.97 0.943
Vermont 13.61 15.99 0.165 26.98b 31.75 0.073 4.87 6.37 0.184 8.50a 10.50 0.037
Virginia 7.26 8.48 0.277 13.76 16.14 0.234 3.11 3.46 0.583 4.82 5.54 0.234
Washington 11.19 11.44 0.865 17.05 18.79 0.378 5.46 5.36 0.914 7.51 7.73 0.787
West Virginia 10.60 10.13 0.741 14.89 14.91 0.989 2.38 2.85 0.374 4.69 5.03 0.516
Wisconsin 10.63 10.08 0.667 18.19 16.84 0.479 4.12 3.91 0.762 6.68 6.30 0.549
Wyoming 9.07 10.01 0.488 15.41 15.79 0.834 3.24 3.04 0.736 5.67 5.70 0.962
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001



Table A.2 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 7.24b 7.64 0.063 13.69a 14.59 0.003 2.97 3.13 0.307 4.80a 5.09 0.023
Alabama 6.40 5.98 0.689 11.18 12.09 0.562 2.27 2.58 0.524 3.84 4.17 0.479
Alaska 8.65 9.88 0.343 17.35 19.06 0.405 3.76 4.04 0.713 6.35 7.09 0.281
Arizona 7.48 7.39 0.934 11.40 12.25 0.592 2.89 2.78 0.860 4.53 4.57 0.940
Arkansas 7.09 7.22 0.907 10.00a 14.50 0.004 2.43 3.03 0.270 3.89a 4.97 0.033
California 7.50 8.16 0.286 13.49 14.45 0.323 4.02 4.09 0.901 5.69 5.96 0.529
Colorado 10.80 10.96 0.919 20.49 21.32 0.701 5.21 4.49 0.433 7.80 7.43 0.647
Connecticut 9.99 10.76 0.598 17.05 20.73 0.127 3.57 3.68 0.884 5.70 6.26 0.419
Delaware 11.89b 9.56 0.099 20.81 19.22 0.466 4.48 3.92 0.481 7.24 6.38 0.234
District of Columbia 7.25 7.37 0.931 12.48 14.86 0.190 3.69 4.30 0.474 5.23 5.92 0.341
Florida 6.63 7.46 0.230 13.11 13.11 0.995 3.40 3.21 0.698 4.74 4.70 0.909
Georgia 5.89 5.41 0.579 12.01 13.02 0.530 2.91 3.00 0.888 4.45 4.61 0.776
Hawaii 8.72 9.32 0.701 14.35 15.11 0.731 4.48 3.95 0.610 6.07 5.82 0.784
Idaho 5.99 6.07 0.935 11.12 11.94 0.593 2.36 2.49 0.778 4.12 4.37 0.608
Illinois 8.13 8.27 0.847 14.25a 16.81 0.013 2.67 3.31 0.106 4.77a 5.60 0.018
Indiana 7.48 7.23 0.821 12.26 11.41 0.564 2.65 2.16 0.310 4.43 3.92 0.272
Iowa 4.94 5.44 0.593 9.43 11.57 0.150 1.34 1.79 0.218 2.79b 3.49 0.069
Kansas 6.82 8.01 0.297 12.00 14.39 0.156 1.74 2.38 0.141 3.68a 4.66 0.029
Kentucky 6.79a 8.99 0.050 12.71 14.10 0.390 2.41 2.85 0.389 4.21 4.96 0.125
Louisiana 6.07 5.81 0.784 11.19 11.41 0.885 1.89 1.98 0.835 3.74 3.82 0.844
Maine 9.25 11.12 0.179 20.31 23.53 0.160 3.42 4.20 0.284 5.95b 7.13 0.071
Maryland 8.25 7.79 0.709 13.23 14.39 0.493 2.66 2.83 0.773 4.46 4.69 0.655
Massachusetts 12.35 12.59 0.887 24.81 24.85 0.988 6.28 6.03 0.825 9.03 8.86 0.863
Michigan 7.94b 9.40 0.053 16.61 17.45 0.460 3.49 3.60 0.801 5.66 6.01 0.368
Minnesota 9.13 8.77 0.778 15.08 16.44 0.454 2.27 2.84 0.277 4.73 5.33 0.250
Mississippi 5.28 5.55 0.773 10.67 12.18 0.335 1.40 1.96 0.126 3.16b 3.83 0.083
Missouri 6.55 7.31 0.474 13.62 12.96 0.704 2.45 2.55 0.837 4.33 4.42 0.852
Montana 9.26 9.32 0.965 15.05 16.39 0.448 2.55 2.53 0.966 4.89 5.11 0.688
Nebraska 6.17 6.68 0.636 11.54 10.59 0.549 1.57 1.96 0.294 3.45 3.69 0.546
Nevada 9.54 9.32 0.878 13.73 14.16 0.823 3.54 3.23 0.633 5.31 5.17 0.812
New Hampshire 10.73 11.79 0.492 18.74 22.01 0.177 3.39 4.04 0.331 5.96 6.97 0.131
New Jersey 6.81 6.04 0.407 14.88 15.43 0.771 2.86 2.65 0.701 4.63 4.43 0.710
New Mexico 9.52 11.59 0.173 15.15 14.11 0.583 3.60 3.53 0.925 5.93 5.97 0.955
New York 6.83 7.42 0.410 15.79 17.46 0.137 2.42b 3.09 0.091 4.50a 5.27 0.031
North Carolina 6.51 6.67 0.875 14.35 15.80 0.387 3.98 4.11 0.872 5.50 5.80 0.667
North Dakota 6.80 6.36 0.693 10.16 10.34 0.898 1.27 1.48 0.511 3.17 3.31 0.705
Ohio 6.44 6.99 0.377 13.77 14.43 0.489 2.41 2.62 0.546 4.30 4.61 0.322
Oklahoma 5.66 6.46 0.475 8.39 9.67 0.338 1.68 2.02 0.420 3.02 3.55 0.205
Oregon 9.39 9.07 0.811 17.68 20.43 0.203 4.40 4.80 0.646 6.53 7.19 0.389
Pennsylvania 6.46 7.37 0.161 13.96 14.95 0.341 2.81 2.92 0.776 4.47 4.76 0.387
Rhode Island 10.35 10.29 0.972 21.79 21.53 0.914 4.70 4.16 0.490 7.20 6.78 0.568
South Carolina 6.54 6.59 0.962 12.49 12.48 0.996 2.33 2.39 0.901 4.02 4.10 0.862
South Dakota 6.50 6.83 0.770 11.37 10.46 0.574 1.85 1.88 0.946 3.73 3.69 0.921
Tennessee 6.57 7.67 0.317 11.23 13.18 0.223 2.88 3.02 0.793 4.31 4.78 0.351
Texas 5.92 6.09 0.785 10.34 10.30 0.964 1.56 1.91 0.220 3.36 3.63 0.307
Utah 4.85 5.00 0.880 7.44 8.07 0.619 1.58 1.87 0.535 3.15 3.51 0.416
Vermont 10.62 13.20 0.103 24.60 28.56 0.101 4.05 5.39 0.130 7.26a 9.06 0.025
Virginia 5.82 5.76 0.951 12.50 13.46 0.596 2.60 2.63 0.966 4.13 4.28 0.764
Washington 8.70 9.56 0.498 14.28 15.69 0.444 3.80 3.81 0.989 5.62 5.95 0.628
West Virginia 7.32 7.03 0.794 10.67 11.91 0.421 1.90 2.33 0.348 3.49 3.96 0.286
Wisconsin 8.08 7.80 0.804 16.60 15.21 0.455 2.86 2.75 0.836 5.24 4.95 0.584
Wyoming 7.42 7.63 0.852 12.99 12.54 0.783 2.26 2.23 0.952 4.40 4.35 0.918
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.3 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 37.83a 36.78 0.006 29.53a 28.46 0.007 47.49a 46.19 0.006 44.16a 42.90 0.001
Alabama 43.37 43.43 0.981 33.20 35.95 0.294 56.32 54.52 0.544 52.00 50.98 0.666
Alaska 31.80 31.16 0.793 19.96 21.74 0.414 34.99b 39.66 0.073 32.40b 35.81 0.084
Arizona 36.47 33.76 0.278 31.34 29.45 0.436 48.91 47.12 0.537 45.18 43.24 0.391
Arkansas 41.89 39.97 0.441 32.34 31.77 0.814 52.69 52.77 0.976 48.94 48.69 0.907
California 35.52 34.61 0.436 32.84 31.45 0.288 43.67 43.64 0.986 41.30 40.98 0.800
Colorado 27.20 28.42 0.592 20.28 20.56 0.898 34.44 37.47 0.283 31.82 34.23 0.274
Connecticut 29.99 29.09 0.709 24.41 20.94 0.153 42.16b 37.34 0.076 39.00b 34.71 0.055
Delaware 34.47 32.52 0.407 26.83 25.25 0.491 41.83 39.29 0.333 39.24 36.87 0.265
District of Columbia 37.70 33.78 0.149 27.34b 23.08 0.066 48.39a 41.61 0.015 44.48a 38.56 0.009
Florida 42.89 41.42 0.339 35.36 34.42 0.518 49.81 49.76 0.978 47.62 47.30 0.817
Georgia 38.18 36.01 0.321 31.24 28.84 0.338 51.35 49.10 0.434 47.24 44.96 0.313
Hawaii 37.08a 31.15 0.033 29.41 24.93 0.115 43.15 43.03 0.968 40.92 39.69 0.612
Idaho 41.45 40.11 0.600 31.22 28.95 0.324 46.43 46.85 0.873 43.53 43.30 0.911
Illinois 38.32 37.53 0.573 29.48 27.94 0.256 46.03 45.62 0.808 43.04 42.45 0.650
Indiana 41.69 40.53 0.621 28.50 28.42 0.973 49.34 48.02 0.628 45.77 44.62 0.594
Iowa 44.18 43.55 0.804 31.93 31.54 0.874 47.44 49.45 0.475 45.04 46.42 0.538
Kansas 37.46 37.66 0.936 27.24 24.45 0.234 47.09 47.51 0.882 43.36 43.24 0.955
Kentucky 41.30 40.42 0.729 30.32 30.65 0.881 55.07 52.40 0.328 50.42 48.31 0.335
Louisiana 41.89 38.84 0.203 32.14 31.25 0.716 57.27b 52.82 0.092 51.80b 48.01 0.066
Maine 33.87 30.16 0.121 21.13a 16.57 0.039 41.24 38.63 0.278 38.20 35.22 0.130
Maryland 36.67 33.73 0.245 28.57 25.97 0.270 42.40 41.81 0.833 40.20 39.12 0.636
Massachusetts 29.17 26.91 0.336 18.22 16.86 0.511 38.55 36.03 0.376 35.27 32.91 0.303
Michigan 36.79 35.57 0.384 26.21 24.66 0.241 44.59 44.84 0.879 41.38 41.24 0.912
Minnesota 36.54 37.50 0.691 25.89 23.99 0.400 42.60 42.86 0.921 39.71 39.72 0.996
Mississippi 45.66 48.03 0.368 37.99 41.28 0.226 59.29 57.45 0.533 54.70 54.07 0.782
Missouri 41.06 39.59 0.562 26.96 28.27 0.575 49.73 47.59 0.439 45.87 44.22 0.450
Montana 33.37 35.33 0.419 24.65 24.65 1.000 42.68 45.06 0.359 39.34 41.29 0.344
Nebraska 40.26 39.11 0.659 27.33 27.47 0.951 46.79 44.72 0.420 43.40 41.70 0.400
Nevada 33.06 32.82 0.926 28.14 26.79 0.598 41.05 43.49 0.375 38.77 40.39 0.468
New Hampshire 29.48 27.51 0.398 18.57 19.60 0.648 36.12 35.59 0.836 33.36 32.86 0.808
New Jersey 36.16 36.77 0.785 28.19 26.74 0.566 47.17 45.64 0.582 43.93 42.63 0.564
New Mexico 30.92 29.33 0.508 29.56 27.52 0.443 43.42 43.90 0.857 39.99 39.88 0.955
New York 35.78 33.52 0.120 27.06 26.54 0.697 51.19a 46.86 0.013 46.69a 43.07 0.008
North Carolina 38.78 37.48 0.562 26.47 23.72 0.210 47.48 45.86 0.549 44.04 42.29 0.419
North Dakota 40.07 37.99 0.387 29.61b 25.05 0.052 48.17 50.48 0.372 44.60 45.41 0.687
Ohio 38.58 36.97 0.247 27.27 26.22 0.424 47.54a 43.56 0.008 43.98a 40.62 0.005
Oklahoma 42.76 40.34 0.386 36.34 35.56 0.774 51.05 51.24 0.948 48.16 47.90 0.911
Oregon 32.07 31.60 0.849 20.00 19.89 0.961 36.87 35.87 0.729 34.32 33.43 0.703
Pennsylvania 38.69 38.42 0.842 27.29 26.68 0.643 50.13 48.81 0.425 46.34 45.20 0.382
Rhode Island 32.43 30.23 0.383 19.33 18.30 0.632 41.61 42.33 0.787 38.17 38.33 0.942
South Carolina 41.27 40.79 0.855 36.24 34.94 0.614 52.43 49.29 0.252 49.28 46.60 0.223
South Dakota 38.34 36.97 0.583 27.99 28.91 0.704 48.07 44.84 0.225 44.11 41.63 0.234
Tennessee 38.86 38.75 0.966 30.68 27.64 0.236 52.19 48.90 0.232 48.12 45.19 0.183
Texas 41.29 40.86 0.746 35.25 34.36 0.513 54.14 53.18 0.568 49.86 48.99 0.491
Utah 44.61 41.43 0.214 36.51 35.82 0.780 50.67 48.23 0.373 47.15 44.88 0.253
Vermont 24.76 23.78 0.652 18.64a 14.48 0.032 32.03 30.93 0.646 29.62 28.16 0.440
Virginia 39.28 37.59 0.453 27.71 26.45 0.621 47.10 44.85 0.399 43.95 41.84 0.326
Washington 32.16 32.68 0.815 25.59 23.82 0.430 39.10 38.14 0.743 36.69 35.72 0.675
West Virginia 40.52 39.89 0.796 29.80 29.21 0.808 52.18 52.25 0.979 48.33 48.23 0.963
Wisconsin 33.32 34.60 0.566 23.75 22.84 0.680 41.10 41.45 0.896 37.97 38.24 0.898
Wyoming 36.80 36.24 0.820 28.13 26.32 0.438 44.48 43.52 0.725 41.23 40.18 0.612
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.4 Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 6.08 6.25 0.226 5.47 5.70 0.249 0.12 0.14 0.538 1.52a 1.59 0.050
Alabama 5.19 5.35 0.830 5.35 5.44 0.920 0.10 0.12 0.743 1.28 1.33 0.703
Alaska 7.29 7.05 0.789 6.48 6.92 0.719 0.17 0.14 0.678 2.32 2.28 0.865
Arizona 8.16 6.83 0.149 4.69 4.71 0.976 0.13 0.14 0.944 1.82 1.64 0.358
Arkansas 5.75 6.32 0.463 4.58 5.59 0.236 0.10 0.13 0.549 1.32 1.53 0.166
California 5.57 6.17 0.130 4.50 4.58 0.880 0.14 0.15 0.859 1.46 1.59 0.171
Colorado 7.68 7.57 0.915 7.03 6.12 0.455 0.15 0.18 0.694 2.01 1.95 0.792
Connecticut 6.83 7.11 0.763 6.47 7.03 0.649 0.13 0.14 0.880 1.59 1.68 0.653
Delaware 8.32 8.66 0.733 7.01 7.98 0.451 0.13 0.16 0.708 1.90 2.12 0.304
District of Columbia 5.54 5.76 0.794 5.28 6.97 0.102 0.13 0.22 0.297 1.48 1.62 0.452
Florida 5.76 6.46 0.160 4.67 4.73 0.911 0.11 0.12 0.865 1.21 1.32 0.231
Georgia 5.61 5.10 0.442 5.47 4.99 0.594 0.13 0.15 0.661 1.50 1.44 0.670
Hawaii 7.63 7.62 0.992 5.50 5.99 0.674 0.11 0.08 0.650 1.65 1.62 0.866
Idaho 4.91 5.56 0.351 5.39 5.26 0.889 0.13 0.14 0.864 1.58 1.68 0.582
Illinois 6.17 6.75 0.226 5.61 6.57 0.127 0.12 0.15 0.625 1.56b 1.76 0.069
Indiana 5.88 6.17 0.695 5.27 5.18 0.919 0.12 0.14 0.820 1.44 1.48 0.782
Iowa 6.17 5.02 0.149 5.24 5.08 0.851 0.11 0.11 0.974 1.47 1.31 0.288
Kansas 6.17 6.49 0.695 6.54 6.29 0.822 0.12 0.14 0.709 1.68 1.78 0.567
Kentucky 6.74 7.33 0.478 6.46 6.34 0.909 0.12 0.16 0.449 1.62 1.69 0.641
Louisiana 5.51 5.31 0.777 4.26 5.02 0.362 0.12 0.14 0.739 1.39 1.48 0.575
Maine 7.12 6.47 0.462 8.07 8.52 0.751 0.11 0.14 0.683 1.74 1.71 0.880
Maryland 5.92 6.23 0.693 6.14 6.27 0.895 0.12 0.14 0.773 1.52 1.56 0.806
Massachusetts 8.75 8.30 0.661 7.55 8.65 0.418 0.15 0.16 0.953 2.03 2.07 0.836
Michigan 7.10 6.98 0.815 6.90 7.18 0.690 0.13 0.16 0.458 1.83 1.88 0.665
Minnesota 6.42 7.21 0.350 7.63 7.82 0.873 0.13 0.15 0.747 1.91 2.10 0.367
Mississippi 5.26 5.40 0.852 5.32 5.13 0.825 0.12 0.17 0.379 1.49 1.50 0.966
Missouri 5.85 6.67 0.313 5.91 6.28 0.709 0.11 0.13 0.695 1.51 1.67 0.360
Montana 7.33 7.20 0.888 6.58 7.76 0.280 0.12 0.12 0.917 1.73 1.85 0.524
Nebraska 5.71 6.29 0.461 5.48 6.56 0.266 0.11 0.13 0.634 1.51 1.75 0.170
Nevada 7.63 7.90 0.786 5.47 6.54 0.330 0.13 0.14 0.837 1.66 1.84 0.347
New Hampshire 7.52 7.29 0.799 7.49 8.33 0.559 0.13 0.16 0.685 1.92 2.01 0.657
New Jersey 5.50 5.52 0.981 6.45 6.22 0.836 0.13 0.13 0.931 1.39 1.38 0.951
New Mexico 7.66 8.80 0.262 5.99 5.99 0.999 0.14 0.15 0.922 1.99 2.13 0.527
New York 5.64 6.01 0.420 5.93 5.90 0.966 0.12 0.15 0.491 1.43 1.49 0.544
North Carolina 6.67 6.05 0.434 5.35 6.83 0.149 0.12 0.14 0.659 1.50 1.62 0.431
North Dakota 7.31 7.37 0.941 6.53 7.49 0.373 0.10 0.12 0.726 1.89 1.99 0.622
Ohio 5.94 6.24 0.541 5.91 6.01 0.872 0.10 0.12 0.570 1.49 1.58 0.367
Oklahoma 6.58 7.04 0.619 4.14 5.39 0.123 0.12 0.13 0.944 1.47 1.68 0.241
Oregon 6.50 6.61 0.894 7.10 6.28 0.479 0.15 0.15 0.995 1.70 1.68 0.915
Pennsylvania 5.32 5.87 0.204 5.85 6.18 0.559 0.10 0.12 0.750 1.32 1.42 0.258
Rhode Island 7.34 7.52 0.849 6.57 7.26 0.571 0.13 0.17 0.557 1.69 1.82 0.488
South Carolina 6.43 6.68 0.764 4.95 5.85 0.332 0.12 0.14 0.669 1.47 1.61 0.424
South Dakota 6.16 6.07 0.914 5.43 4.90 0.544 0.10 0.11 0.880 1.60 1.54 0.677
Tennessee 6.34 6.36 0.978 5.46 5.85 0.681 0.12 0.14 0.840 1.49 1.53 0.789
Texas 5.49 5.22 0.504 4.55 4.77 0.656 0.13 0.14 0.790 1.47 1.47 0.935
Utah 4.67 4.71 0.965 3.88 3.93 0.947 0.14 0.14 0.947 1.60 1.62 0.924
Vermont 8.30 9.37 0.282 8.22 10.30 0.161 0.15 0.21 0.413 2.25b 2.70 0.073
Virginia 5.09 4.86 0.740 5.68 5.73 0.961 0.13 0.15 0.744 1.40 1.40 0.970
Washington 6.78 6.93 0.860 5.17 6.35 0.238 0.13 0.14 0.877 1.61 1.81 0.277
West Virginia 6.27 6.43 0.845 4.98 4.88 0.906 0.10 0.11 0.738 1.28 1.29 0.941
Wisconsin 7.34 6.68 0.416 6.46 6.11 0.742 0.15 0.16 0.910 1.88 1.78 0.585
Wyoming 6.51 6.97 0.596 6.18 6.71 0.615 0.12 0.13 0.836 1.83 1.97 0.482
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average Annual Rate={(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used Marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used Marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.5 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 4.54 4.76 0.202 5.96a 6.86 0.000 1.86 1.91 0.687 2.67b 2.85 0.070
Alabama 5.10 5.04 0.942 6.70 6.91 0.858 1.62 1.68 0.892 2.63 2.70 0.865
Alaska 3.88 4.13 0.767 6.49 7.32 0.535 2.37 1.82 0.359 3.16 2.96 0.698
Arizona 5.17 5.93 0.442 5.76b 7.91 0.079 2.32 2.27 0.928 3.10 3.44 0.482
Arkansas 5.56 6.14 0.569 5.95b 8.09 0.068 1.59 1.91 0.468 2.56 3.16 0.128
California 4.46 4.90 0.345 5.88b 7.07 0.089 2.32 2.60 0.498 3.04 3.47 0.209
Colorado 5.11 5.49 0.702 9.20 9.63 0.774 1.84 2.03 0.683 3.15 3.42 0.532
Connecticut 5.39 5.98 0.590 6.45 7.52 0.412 2.01 1.82 0.716 2.83 2.86 0.944
Delaware 4.99 5.08 0.920 7.97 7.74 0.863 2.05 1.88 0.743 3.08 2.93 0.741
District of Columbia 4.33 4.23 0.910 6.21 7.08 0.499 2.52 2.77 0.728 3.20 3.45 0.674
Florida 4.39 4.33 0.922 6.84 7.16 0.683 1.66 1.57 0.768 2.47 2.44 0.923
Georgia 4.61 4.56 0.946 6.63 6.30 0.786 1.80 1.80 0.998 2.75 2.70 0.909
Hawaii 4.90 5.15 0.820 5.74 6.96 0.365 1.64 1.73 0.862 2.44 2.69 0.595
Idaho 4.09 3.97 0.879 5.02 5.08 0.953 1.46 1.32 0.705 2.32 2.21 0.755
Illinois 4.00 4.25 0.620 4.81a 6.16 0.039 1.98 2.14 0.662 2.57 2.89 0.270
Indiana 4.83 4.53 0.707 6.65 6.44 0.851 1.62 1.60 0.964 2.62 2.55 0.854
Iowa 4.08 4.08 0.994 4.92 4.98 0.954 1.43 1.25 0.635 2.17 2.05 0.718
Kansas 3.84 4.92 0.221 5.34 6.39 0.355 1.82 1.97 0.767 2.52 2.90 0.360
Kentucky 5.05 4.82 0.797 6.71 7.28 0.631 1.97 1.80 0.707 2.91 2.83 0.848
Louisiana 5.95 6.15 0.853 6.78 8.14 0.300 1.80 2.25 0.405 3.01 3.57 0.227
Maine 5.29 5.73 0.664 8.20 8.86 0.650 1.54 1.65 0.790 2.67 2.89 0.565
Maryland 4.02 4.91 0.296 5.15 6.46 0.209 1.75 1.75 0.995 2.38 2.62 0.520
Massachusetts 4.67 5.12 0.630 6.87 7.90 0.451 2.76 2.72 0.951 3.42 3.55 0.817
Michigan 4.68 5.05 0.502 6.11 6.78 0.348 1.83 1.72 0.728 2.69 2.73 0.863
Minnesota 4.03 4.79 0.329 5.65 6.84 0.271 1.73 1.62 0.803 2.51 2.68 0.638
Mississippi 3.98 4.76 0.368 6.06 6.57 0.643 1.56 1.63 0.876 2.48 2.69 0.564
Missouri 3.54 4.61 0.198 4.35 5.29 0.340 1.60 1.43 0.693 2.16 2.28 0.755
Montana 6.19 5.58 0.567 5.57 6.91 0.218 1.47 1.51 0.935 2.52 2.67 0.678
Nebraska 3.85 3.91 0.943 4.68 4.86 0.858 1.50 1.25 0.535 2.20 2.05 0.679
Nevada 5.38 5.64 0.805 6.53 7.62 0.431 2.45 2.25 0.741 3.21 3.24 0.947
New Hampshire 5.58 6.31 0.465 7.30 9.50 0.159 1.58 1.98 0.400 2.67 3.32 0.138
New Jersey 4.50 4.37 0.863 5.50 6.75 0.268 1.83 1.60 0.605 2.50 2.46 0.899
New Mexico 4.83 4.48 0.693 5.81 5.86 0.961 1.94 1.89 0.906 2.83 2.75 0.854
New York 3.58 3.74 0.744 5.17b 6.48 0.073 1.87 2.10 0.525 2.44 2.80 0.253
North Carolina 5.05 5.25 0.815 6.12 6.43 0.787 1.73 2.01 0.535 2.60 2.88 0.466
North Dakota 3.99 4.28 0.728 4.41 5.02 0.516 1.42 1.28 0.742 2.14 2.16 0.958
Ohio 4.51 4.59 0.867 6.08 6.31 0.728 1.71 1.58 0.665 2.57 2.51 0.824
Oklahoma 4.19 5.28 0.255 6.09 7.03 0.414 2.11 1.90 0.698 2.87 2.97 0.817
Oregon 5.33 5.18 0.874 7.14 8.10 0.443 2.01 2.09 0.887 2.97 3.15 0.689
Pennsylvania 4.29 4.70 0.431 5.86b 7.20 0.064 1.89 1.81 0.821 2.59 2.73 0.626
Rhode Island 5.14 5.44 0.771 7.30 8.53 0.394 1.81 1.87 0.900 2.77 3.00 0.588
South Carolina 4.20 4.40 0.805 5.35 6.61 0.235 1.60 1.82 0.616 2.33 2.69 0.333
South Dakota 4.21 4.10 0.892 5.16 5.48 0.765 1.34 1.15 0.590 2.21 2.12 0.770
Tennessee 5.45 5.87 0.681 6.06 6.56 0.672 1.73 1.96 0.629 2.65 2.93 0.506
Texas 5.11 4.64 0.359 5.63a 7.00 0.037 1.55 1.57 0.941 2.56 2.72 0.502
Utah 3.64 3.80 0.841 5.27 5.45 0.861 2.25 1.75 0.384 3.01 2.75 0.559
Vermont 5.22 5.61 0.691 9.71 10.51 0.611 1.67 2.22 0.248 3.03 3.59 0.196
Virginia 3.35 4.33 0.175 4.85b 7.07 0.058 1.40 1.62 0.567 2.01 2.57 0.120
Washington 5.10 4.79 0.721 7.34 7.73 0.754 1.84 1.87 0.949 2.87 2.94 0.867
West Virginia 5.66 5.32 0.723 7.00 6.58 0.713 1.48 1.76 0.498 2.55 2.69 0.711
Wisconsin 4.66 4.26 0.611 5.94 5.71 0.837 2.08 2.00 0.869 2.87 2.74 0.750
Wyoming 4.52 4.77 0.765 6.25 6.78 0.650 1.65 1.40 0.537 2.64 2.57 0.847
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.6 Percentages Reporting Past Year Use of Cocaine, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 1.67 1.60 0.522 4.73 5.01 0.139 1.12 1.15 0.805 1.64 1.70 0.510
Alabama 1.54 1.47 0.860 4.17 4.16 0.989 1.38 1.05 0.383 1.76 1.50 0.421
Alaska 1.62 1.72 0.835 5.17 5.70 0.597 1.71 1.51 0.689 2.20 2.18 0.960
Arizona 3.15 2.97 0.805 5.98 6.61 0.595 1.27 1.47 0.622 2.11 2.33 0.552
Arkansas 1.44 1.49 0.903 3.72 4.40 0.372 1.15 1.11 0.905 1.51 1.58 0.799
California 2.00 1.97 0.916 4.67 5.27 0.298 1.16 1.44 0.286 1.73 2.02 0.169
Colorado 2.42 2.22 0.743 8.73 9.01 0.858 1.38 1.78 0.371 2.45 2.79 0.414
Connecticut 1.55 1.72 0.709 4.43 5.35 0.374 1.08 1.27 0.582 1.51 1.76 0.401
Delaware 1.62 1.28 0.396 6.10 6.19 0.936 2.02 1.67 0.522 2.48 2.20 0.532
District of Columbia 0.89 0.73 0.511 4.12 4.66 0.550 1.88 2.49 0.340 2.08 2.62 0.291
Florida 1.58 1.39 0.505 5.31 4.63 0.284 1.22 1.04 0.461 1.69 1.46 0.289
Georgia 1.20 1.32 0.718 4.80 4.91 0.911 1.33 1.21 0.735 1.79 1.72 0.839
Hawaii 1.61 1.69 0.875 3.72 3.79 0.946 1.54b 0.78 0.077 1.81 1.23 0.117
Idaho 1.86 1.74 0.797 3.51 3.58 0.921 0.79 0.75 0.841 1.33 1.30 0.880
Illinois 1.28 1.13 0.543 4.13 5.05 0.130 1.08 1.36 0.282 1.51 1.83 0.150
Indiana 1.64 1.69 0.906 4.61 4.87 0.771 0.85 0.84 0.942 1.43 1.46 0.904
Iowa 1.44 1.54 0.790 4.07 4.23 0.853 0.83 0.85 0.945 1.33 1.38 0.820
Kansas 1.22 1.37 0.687 4.41 4.86 0.619 0.99 1.02 0.921 1.48 1.59 0.684
Kentucky 1.45 1.49 0.902 4.99 5.88 0.383 1.12 1.15 0.917 1.66 1.81 0.607
Louisiana 1.17 1.37 0.555 4.05 3.91 0.862 1.34 1.23 0.782 1.71 1.64 0.836
Maine 1.92 2.01 0.868 4.06 4.78 0.448 0.83 0.84 0.971 1.31 1.42 0.656
Maryland 1.35 1.29 0.851 3.80 3.86 0.939 0.90 1.06 0.569 1.29 1.41 0.617
Massachusetts 1.63 1.72 0.835 6.44 6.45 0.991 1.46 1.79 0.436 2.06 2.33 0.470
Michigan 1.27 1.34 0.764 4.68 4.60 0.899 1.04 0.81 0.244 1.54 1.36 0.296
Minnesota 2.02 1.93 0.849 4.88 6.16 0.205 1.01 1.23 0.477 1.64 1.97 0.250
Mississippi 1.06 0.91 0.594 3.84 3.92 0.931 1.11 0.87 0.433 1.49 1.31 0.500
Missouri 1.27 1.40 0.715 3.84 3.82 0.979 0.87 0.77 0.648 1.30 1.23 0.761
Montana 2.28 1.97 0.560 4.95 5.90 0.327 0.86 1.01 0.602 1.54 1.76 0.425
Nebraska 1.46 1.40 0.878 4.42 3.81 0.496 0.88 0.78 0.693 1.43 1.27 0.508
Nevada 2.10 2.33 0.669 5.53 5.93 0.733 1.64 1.55 0.867 2.14 2.16 0.966
New Hampshire 1.82 1.92 0.837 4.99 6.20 0.283 0.80 1.12 0.222 1.40 1.80 0.130
New Jersey 1.27 1.07 0.519 4.71 4.64 0.940 1.01 0.86 0.601 1.47 1.31 0.556
New Mexico 3.19 3.27 0.919 7.33 7.25 0.953 1.84 1.87 0.960 2.77 2.79 0.970
New York 1.38 1.26 0.655 4.10 5.01 0.138 1.10 1.18 0.732 1.49 1.65 0.435
North Carolina 1.41 1.29 0.714 4.19 4.49 0.723 1.20 1.12 0.808 1.59 1.55 0.900
North Dakota 1.62 1.75 0.761 3.91 5.02 0.203 0.77 0.91 0.544 1.31 1.59 0.202
Ohio 1.16 1.11 0.851 4.53 4.28 0.650 1.05 0.89 0.465 1.51 1.35 0.398
Oklahoma 1.39 1.44 0.913 3.77 3.59 0.807 1.08 0.83 0.402 1.47 1.28 0.440
Oregon 1.83 1.58 0.569 4.65 5.17 0.572 0.97 0.98 0.961 1.51 1.57 0.816
Pennsylvania 1.37 1.45 0.743 4.37 5.23 0.130 1.00 1.14 0.543 1.43 1.64 0.265
Rhode Island 1.47 1.44 0.947 5.96 6.12 0.893 1.11 1.10 0.984 1.69 1.71 0.940
South Carolina 1.31 1.26 0.878 4.20 4.80 0.505 1.26 1.12 0.683 1.63 1.60 0.928
South Dakota 2.20 1.79 0.427 4.63 4.56 0.935 0.87 0.72 0.503 1.56 1.40 0.503
Tennessee 1.67 1.66 0.973 3.89 3.99 0.903 1.49 1.03 0.216 1.81 1.47 0.293
Texas 2.56 2.27 0.458 5.72 5.59 0.844 1.10 1.15 0.845 1.95 1.93 0.940
Utah 1.68 1.46 0.622 3.42 3.45 0.964 0.90 0.83 0.806 1.48 1.43 0.829
Vermont 1.77 1.58 0.670 6.36 7.52 0.341 1.05 1.35 0.364 1.77 2.13 0.250
Virginia 1.30 1.11 0.566 4.77 5.00 0.809 1.00 1.01 0.980 1.49 1.52 0.930
Washington 2.02 1.91 0.827 4.35 4.60 0.782 0.95 1.03 0.774 1.49 1.59 0.714
West Virginia 1.62 1.47 0.706 3.81 4.23 0.596 0.86 0.88 0.950 1.30 1.35 0.821
Wisconsin 1.82 1.62 0.656 5.50 5.06 0.660 1.06 1.09 0.918 1.73 1.68 0.839
Wyoming 1.68 1.57 0.797 4.68 4.70 0.985 0.89 0.88 0.988 1.53 1.52 0.981
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.7 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Alcohol, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 16.40 16.83 0.143 56.81 57.48 0.121 48.55a 50.10 0.002 46.25a 47.59 0.000
Alabama 14.46 15.14 0.680 50.18 49.89 0.914 37.59 37.65 0.981 36.87 37.02 0.946
Alaska 16.57 16.00 0.753 58.13 55.98 0.431 58.22 54.17 0.119 52.87b 49.40 0.077
Arizona 17.06 17.27 0.907 54.95 54.54 0.872 49.22 53.81 0.184 46.36 49.80 0.193
Arkansas 17.34 16.89 0.796 46.23 48.97 0.274 35.92 38.48 0.307 35.32 37.61 0.251
California 15.56 14.83 0.360 51.28 53.14 0.202 50.15 51.12 0.540 46.49 47.53 0.394
Colorado 20.08 20.16 0.967 68.16 65.67 0.331 62.15 61.93 0.935 58.51 57.98 0.805
Connecticut 20.58 21.79 0.563 67.17 68.09 0.731 58.61b 63.16 0.088 56.01b 59.63 0.095
Delaware 17.82 18.43 0.745 60.83 62.63 0.472 55.69 58.50 0.300 52.46 55.06 0.231
District of Columbia 12.19 13.51 0.412 54.78a 61.55 0.009 47.55b 52.33 0.095 44.90a 50.19 0.020
Florida 14.37 15.85 0.147 54.52 53.50 0.490 48.63 51.23 0.116 46.08 48.13 0.127
Georgia 15.08 15.13 0.975 52.12 51.81 0.908 45.60 44.80 0.764 43.23 42.58 0.756
Hawaii 16.83 16.70 0.950 54.25 56.46 0.472 44.93 44.76 0.949 43.28 43.50 0.921
Idaho 14.26 14.77 0.744 47.38 51.43 0.119 44.83 44.08 0.767 41.54 41.72 0.925
Illinois 18.05 18.61 0.590 60.88 60.70 0.893 53.25 54.14 0.593 50.66 51.32 0.607
Indiana 13.54 13.35 0.898 54.63 52.19 0.344 40.62 43.63 0.264 39.69 41.62 0.357
Iowa 19.31 17.22 0.246 70.01 67.03 0.219 52.82 51.76 0.711 51.60 50.15 0.520
Kansas 16.15 17.91 0.346 59.84 62.09 0.409 49.92 50.18 0.927 47.48 48.25 0.728
Kentucky 14.65 17.05 0.164 52.98 51.58 0.590 33.81 35.61 0.497 34.41 35.88 0.485
Louisiana 19.44 19.55 0.954 57.94 57.11 0.744 44.99 47.42 0.381 43.88 45.67 0.399
Maine 19.42 19.99 0.762 64.98 67.31 0.379 51.49a 56.79 0.031 49.90a 54.34 0.025
Maryland 15.70 18.30 0.148 58.01 59.60 0.557 52.11 50.12 0.489 49.23 48.03 0.603
Massachusetts 21.94 22.71 0.726 71.74 74.24 0.303 63.35 62.61 0.786 60.33 60.12 0.924
Michigan 16.70 17.74 0.311 61.71 64.08 0.108 48.65a 52.36 0.015 46.99a 50.17 0.008
Minnesota 18.88 19.81 0.606 70.30 70.12 0.938 55.86a 61.94 0.021 53.76a 58.36 0.026
Mississippi 13.50 12.75 0.639 43.48 46.26 0.291 29.75 32.98 0.221 29.83 32.60 0.173
Missouri 16.06 18.01 0.271 58.94 59.72 0.773 46.37 48.42 0.462 44.81 46.66 0.403
Montana 22.00 19.68 0.252 64.31 64.40 0.971 58.61 57.32 0.606 55.32 54.10 0.543
Nebraska 19.03 21.54 0.207 71.32 68.59 0.269 53.95 56.22 0.388 52.44 54.05 0.430
Nevada 17.89 19.63 0.399 57.53 60.40 0.310 56.10 56.19 0.973 52.62 52.98 0.869
New Hampshire 21.15 22.60 0.487 67.38 68.36 0.715 60.50 64.13 0.175 57.23 60.20 0.166
New Jersey 17.69 17.65 0.979 58.95 61.14 0.402 54.36 56.72 0.382 51.47 53.44 0.369
New Mexico 18.60 17.96 0.731 58.00 55.12 0.328 54.71 51.57 0.222 50.92 48.10 0.162
New York 17.18 17.64 0.668 60.39 60.52 0.930 51.92 51.01 0.571 49.51 48.90 0.629
North Carolina 12.93 13.57 0.669 52.77 50.91 0.470 37.69 39.77 0.411 37.01 38.42 0.480
North Dakota 26.21 24.72 0.494 76.27 75.47 0.722 57.75 58.81 0.702 56.69 57.36 0.756
Ohio 15.81 16.36 0.582 58.97 60.69 0.207 47.20 49.14 0.221 45.50 47.23 0.163
Oklahoma 14.46 15.68 0.483 51.18 53.07 0.489 37.35 38.32 0.724 36.62 37.83 0.576
Oregon 15.88 15.18 0.680 58.92 58.42 0.847 52.17 52.00 0.950 49.48 49.16 0.885
Pennsylvania 15.79b 17.57 0.072 60.47 62.03 0.262 51.09 52.44 0.380 48.74 50.11 0.265
Rhode Island 17.65 18.69 0.590 65.13 67.14 0.445 55.89a 61.77 0.036 53.10a 58.00 0.031
South Carolina 13.31 14.96 0.302 47.07b 51.69 0.077 37.15b 42.00 0.063 35.89a 40.50 0.028
South Dakota 20.02 19.02 0.601 69.60 68.21 0.575 52.00 54.26 0.429 50.66 52.14 0.497
Tennessee 13.10 13.26 0.916 44.79 47.75 0.272 34.67 36.86 0.412 33.81 35.90 0.325
Texas 17.70 17.62 0.942 54.66 54.98 0.824 44.76 46.19 0.375 43.04 44.20 0.340
Utah 10.62 10.36 0.869 32.66 32.39 0.907 30.55 31.74 0.659 28.07 28.91 0.657
Vermont 19.63 21.56 0.321 67.87 69.96 0.389 59.79a 65.67 0.019 56.50a 61.58 0.011
Virginia 12.24 12.39 0.918 57.91 56.83 0.700 48.40 49.87 0.598 45.96 47.02 0.635
Washington 15.10 16.16 0.525 50.60b 55.61 0.059 50.69 53.72 0.307 47.03 50.03 0.199
West Virginia 16.03 17.00 0.571 48.09 51.57 0.198 32.18b 36.29 0.089 32.70b 36.45 0.055
Wisconsin 21.46 20.67 0.674 68.92 69.37 0.849 60.29 63.80 0.189 57.24 59.84 0.214
Wyoming 21.00 20.48 0.798 63.32 63.80 0.855 52.28 56.36 0.137 50.22 53.34 0.142
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.8 Percentages Reporting Past Month Binge Alcohol Use, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 10.25 10.53 0.234 37.78 38.12 0.412 18.87 18.97 0.769 20.41 20.58 0.526
Alabama 9.89 10.43 0.698 31.10 31.51 0.864 16.92 17.05 0.939 18.05 18.29 0.866
Alaska 10.86 9.83 0.462 38.35 35.42 0.266 20.00 18.88 0.549 21.49 20.19 0.375
Arizona 11.41 11.20 0.881 35.28 36.38 0.673 19.37 20.41 0.604 20.59 21.52 0.559
Arkansas 11.93 11.15 0.568 33.37 34.76 0.560 17.43 17.59 0.924 18.91 19.17 0.852
California 9.15 9.24 0.883 31.87 32.38 0.700 18.35 18.11 0.824 19.16 19.14 0.979
Colorado 12.61 12.67 0.970 46.17 45.81 0.894 20.44 19.13 0.500 22.99 22.02 0.539
Connecticut 13.57 14.62 0.537 46.02 46.41 0.900 18.73 19.87 0.550 21.34 22.28 0.557
Delaware 11.10 10.74 0.791 42.95 40.35 0.331 20.63 19.86 0.679 22.40 21.51 0.556
District of Columbia 6.90 7.29 0.735 32.36a 39.02 0.008 18.09 20.77 0.172 18.86b 21.96 0.053
Florida 8.44 9.12 0.377 34.55 33.29 0.386 17.57 17.94 0.740 18.54 18.78 0.796
Georgia 9.31 8.80 0.669 33.06 33.60 0.830 19.69 18.94 0.695 20.39 19.84 0.723
Hawaii 11.27 10.71 0.725 33.76 34.64 0.756 19.29 17.21 0.291 20.22 18.71 0.350
Idaho 10.07 10.75 0.603 31.66b 36.24 0.060 17.36 17.57 0.904 18.65 19.62 0.469
Illinois 11.31 11.42 0.891 42.15 42.66 0.716 21.18 22.57 0.266 22.96 24.07 0.259
Indiana 9.26 8.25 0.394 35.89 33.71 0.380 16.79 17.87 0.540 18.55 18.99 0.758
Iowa 12.38 11.64 0.592 49.27 46.62 0.301 20.96 19.01 0.308 23.82 21.94 0.225
Kansas 9.99 10.54 0.690 40.90 41.59 0.793 18.17 17.36 0.638 20.30 19.94 0.798
Kentucky 10.37 11.27 0.530 38.85 36.84 0.398 17.08 15.95 0.497 19.28 18.26 0.456
Louisiana 11.33 11.28 0.971 39.57 37.94 0.512 22.03 20.82 0.550 23.32 22.27 0.507
Maine 12.02 12.84 0.575 43.11 46.25 0.256 19.25 20.40 0.508 21.29 22.65 0.346
Maryland 8.76 10.57 0.165 32.69b 37.09 0.074 16.09 18.04 0.274 17.33 19.54 0.137
Massachusetts 14.01 13.74 0.869 52.18 52.55 0.894 23.00 23.44 0.840 25.54 25.90 0.836
Michigan 10.85 12.23 0.112 41.43 43.78 0.116 19.41 19.60 0.860 21.37 21.93 0.512
Minnesota 12.42 12.59 0.909 50.16 48.48 0.540 19.92 21.36 0.461 23.15 24.05 0.569
Mississippi 8.44 8.73 0.821 27.72 30.46 0.232 15.96 17.36 0.449 16.76 18.27 0.299
Missouri 10.45 12.02 0.291 39.10 38.80 0.904 18.27 17.86 0.821 20.15 19.97 0.904
Montana 14.48 12.86 0.307 46.20 46.99 0.760 21.16 20.58 0.747 23.64 23.21 0.768
Nebraska 12.83 13.68 0.607 48.79 47.26 0.575 20.87 19.63 0.491 23.80 22.80 0.490
Nevada 12.25 12.92 0.679 38.55 41.77 0.294 22.66 22.36 0.887 23.55 23.75 0.907
New Hampshire 12.25 12.90 0.660 44.41 46.01 0.575 18.20 19.43 0.484 20.68 21.85 0.419
New Jersey 10.60 10.92 0.797 37.62 39.07 0.590 19.61 20.02 0.834 20.87 21.32 0.784
New Mexico 12.00 13.31 0.400 40.69 40.01 0.807 22.11 20.87 0.514 23.54 22.68 0.570
New York 10.01 10.37 0.662 39.28 39.89 0.691 18.54 17.67 0.451 20.24 19.67 0.542
North Carolina 8.39 8.51 0.912 33.12 32.29 0.730 15.40 15.75 0.832 16.85 17.02 0.895
North Dakota 18.12 17.88 0.903 58.11 59.31 0.645 25.25 24.88 0.868 29.06 29.04 0.991
Ohio 10.26 10.64 0.655 41.59 43.10 0.282 20.14 19.59 0.616 21.91 21.71 0.822
Oklahoma 9.82 10.41 0.670 35.25 36.78 0.547 16.08 16.15 0.965 17.93 18.33 0.766
Oregon 9.57 9.57 0.999 36.95 37.24 0.907 17.04 16.13 0.608 18.78 18.14 0.661
Pennsylvania 9.87 11.08 0.147 42.28 43.61 0.367 20.11 20.55 0.685 21.70 22.31 0.493
Rhode Island 10.98 12.10 0.460 47.26 46.27 0.723 20.07 22.50 0.216 22.24 24.18 0.226
South Carolina 9.24 9.48 0.843 32.03 34.20 0.358 17.59 18.60 0.585 18.50 19.67 0.436
South Dakota 14.41 13.37 0.533 49.80 46.82 0.262 22.94 21.91 0.593 25.67 24.48 0.435
Tennessee 8.10 8.11 0.994 31.37 29.29 0.422 15.46 14.84 0.697 16.75 16.01 0.580
Texas 11.01 10.63 0.628 35.73 36.77 0.444 19.95 20.20 0.833 21.22 21.54 0.722
Utah 6.71 7.02 0.804 22.87 23.09 0.919 12.69 13.08 0.810 13.73 14.19 0.694
Vermont 11.58 13.15 0.296 48.29 48.21 0.975 19.44 20.57 0.522 22.13 23.19 0.461
Virginia 6.97 7.55 0.582 38.23b 33.26 0.081 16.82 16.60 0.900 18.46 17.78 0.631
Washington 9.38 10.20 0.510 32.02 35.45 0.165 16.54 17.27 0.681 17.76 18.88 0.433
West Virginia 11.65 11.75 0.948 35.31 37.71 0.343 15.70 15.82 0.936 17.78 18.20 0.744
Wisconsin 13.39 13.11 0.851 49.57 49.95 0.882 24.95 26.75 0.390 26.95 28.34 0.402
Wyoming 14.90 13.67 0.484 47.65 45.30 0.380 21.73 21.50 0.908 24.66 24.08 0.712
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. By "occasion" is meant at the same time or within a couple hours of each other.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.9 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 42.74 43.05 0.457 37.28 36.82 0.268 48.15 48.69 0.253 46.18 46.56 0.311
Alabama 45.33 46.64 0.601 37.94 41.13 0.219 48.74 52.09 0.269 46.99 50.11 0.198
Alaska 39.61 39.87 0.919 35.31 36.88 0.538 47.16 47.43 0.918 44.48 44.83 0.860
Arizona 43.66 41.76 0.449 39.02 36.93 0.416 47.73 47.08 0.824 46.11 45.12 0.664
Arkansas 43.32 44.32 0.697 36.27 36.01 0.919 51.99 51.85 0.954 49.07 48.99 0.970
California 43.74 45.68 0.108 43.66 42.80 0.542 50.81a 54.03 0.050 49.06a 51.58 0.046
Colorado 39.20 39.69 0.852 30.43 29.48 0.704 45.68 45.06 0.826 43.00 42.40 0.789
Connecticut 40.92 40.40 0.840 34.94 34.52 0.881 45.98 44.29 0.549 44.25 42.83 0.540
Delaware 41.09 41.19 0.969 36.73 34.76 0.433 47.02 46.08 0.726 45.15 44.19 0.653
District of Columbia 50.77 50.48 0.923 49.49a 41.46 0.003 57.65b 53.28 0.100 55.86a 51.52 0.045
Florida 46.90 45.82 0.485 42.72 42.33 0.800 51.62 50.97 0.682 50.23 49.54 0.597
Georgia 46.42 47.99 0.479 38.91 40.00 0.672 49.18 51.30 0.455 47.51 49.42 0.394
Hawaii 41.57 44.44 0.294 35.30 32.26 0.294 45.70 45.34 0.902 44.06 43.66 0.867
Idaho 40.98 42.27 0.611 36.30 34.19 0.385 47.10 47.48 0.885 44.73 44.82 0.964
Illinois 42.57 42.29 0.839 35.76 34.19 0.270 45.89 46.17 0.857 44.20 44.19 0.990
Indiana 41.87 41.86 0.995 35.11 34.79 0.895 44.99 46.20 0.657 43.35 44.23 0.686
Iowa 38.06 40.06 0.435 26.50 27.90 0.544 39.64 43.64 0.129 37.73 41.15 0.102
Kansas 39.82 40.01 0.944 34.91 30.61 0.102 43.84 43.94 0.970 42.19 41.67 0.813
Kentucky 45.18 42.90 0.368 34.70 32.61 0.374 53.44 49.98 0.206 50.14 46.96 0.148
Louisiana 44.84 44.28 0.819 38.68 40.94 0.375 50.26 49.51 0.785 47.94 47.64 0.888
Maine 37.91 36.23 0.481 29.64 31.06 0.569 46.04 45.58 0.853 43.35 42.96 0.848
Maryland 45.08 43.20 0.446 41.01 39.57 0.562 50.15 48.13 0.459 48.57 46.62 0.377
Massachusetts 35.25 35.52 0.908 27.84 28.25 0.869 42.27 40.53 0.537 39.91 38.61 0.568
Michigan 39.74 41.03 0.347 34.79 34.30 0.731 46.01 47.19 0.441 43.89 44.86 0.418
Minnesota 38.20 41.90 0.130 32.10 30.34 0.468 43.12 44.41 0.631 41.11 42.23 0.600
Mississippi 48.54 48.74 0.940 44.80 46.63 0.480 53.45 52.24 0.665 51.66 51.04 0.774
Missouri 40.58 37.86 0.274 30.89 32.14 0.606 45.88 44.48 0.618 43.38 42.16 0.581
Montana 36.21 37.04 0.737 29.30 27.88 0.526 41.12 42.74 0.531 39.06 40.15 0.593
Nebraska 39.56 35.55 0.105 26.93 28.48 0.508 42.98 41.42 0.544 40.40 38.96 0.473
Nevada 42.14 41.51 0.813 39.02 39.39 0.901 45.00 46.57 0.561 44.02 45.19 0.600
New Hampshire 37.91 35.65 0.346 27.33 25.43 0.453 43.79 41.20 0.314 41.24 38.77 0.231
New Jersey 41.69 43.01 0.555 37.19 35.50 0.520 47.00 50.43 0.210 45.36 48.01 0.234
New Mexico 40.47 40.39 0.976 39.12 37.63 0.596 51.51 53.37 0.470 48.46 49.62 0.565
New York 43.11 45.05 0.200 38.33 37.15 0.449 48.96 50.60 0.321 47.07 48.41 0.310
North Carolina 47.23 44.20 0.183 38.07 39.20 0.661 48.32 48.99 0.802 46.96 47.30 0.874
North Dakota 35.60 36.38 0.749 26.00 26.36 0.873 38.77 39.44 0.798 36.59 37.21 0.758
Ohio 42.55 41.72 0.554 33.06 32.58 0.728 44.36 44.60 0.875 42.71 42.74 0.980
Oklahoma 42.11 41.10 0.708 38.96 38.65 0.908 52.19 51.12 0.709 49.30 48.31 0.661
Oregon 39.53 40.98 0.572 31.18 30.82 0.878 45.38 45.56 0.950 43.06 43.25 0.933
Pennsylvania 41.46 41.84 0.784 30.79 31.03 0.857 41.80 43.52 0.279 40.48 41.89 0.261
Rhode Island 43.28 42.07 0.640 35.31 31.88 0.203 47.35 44.58 0.287 45.58 42.86 0.203
South Carolina 48.42 45.74 0.303 42.42 40.97 0.590 52.94 49.37 0.203 51.17 47.93 0.149
South Dakota 34.87 35.35 0.842 25.16 25.42 0.909 40.71 39.14 0.544 37.85 36.73 0.572
Tennessee 45.84 46.73 0.737 39.34 39.10 0.930 55.54 54.75 0.785 52.52 51.96 0.812
Texas 43.67 43.85 0.893 42.34 40.60 0.224 52.95 51.65 0.439 50.30 49.12 0.350
Utah 50.34 47.72 0.341 46.98 45.29 0.497 55.50 52.38 0.264 53.17 50.36 0.155
Vermont 35.48 35.03 0.850 26.86 28.83 0.392 42.45 42.23 0.930 39.80 39.83 0.990
Virginia 45.38 45.22 0.947 35.95 35.84 0.966 48.26 49.76 0.573 46.47 47.58 0.606
Washington 36.45 39.53 0.186 34.05 35.22 0.654 50.85 49.60 0.669 47.26 46.68 0.803
West Virginia 38.45 41.08 0.280 34.53 33.36 0.640 48.64 47.73 0.720 45.95 45.32 0.761
Wisconsin 36.99 37.63 0.781 28.28 29.65 0.547 40.37 41.45 0.674 38.41 39.47 0.597
Wyoming 36.61 36.74 0.961 29.53 30.09 0.824 42.21 45.56 0.208 39.73 42.29 0.220
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.10 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Any Tobacco Product, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 16.49a 15.37 0.000 43.75 43.36 0.369 29.22 28.91 0.460 29.76 29.38 0.238
Alabama 18.41 16.71 0.381 43.06 42.08 0.722 33.92 30.72 0.254 33.53 30.82 0.223
Alaska 19.77 19.64 0.948 47.35 47.88 0.847 30.80 29.13 0.483 31.79 30.73 0.563
Arizona 14.78 13.24 0.361 43.47 40.20 0.209 28.09 27.77 0.895 28.63 27.81 0.664
Arkansas 23.41a 18.21 0.011 44.00 47.11 0.228 35.22 33.18 0.420 35.12 33.45 0.401
California 10.36 9.87 0.488 32.64 33.05 0.768 23.97 23.95 0.988 23.64 23.71 0.951
Colorado 21.10 18.50 0.237 48.93 50.38 0.606 29.17 27.76 0.553 30.91 29.81 0.561
Connecticut 19.84 18.45 0.506 45.55 47.02 0.636 25.13 26.69 0.511 26.95 28.13 0.549
Delaware 19.96 17.42 0.196 48.24 46.55 0.526 29.61 28.27 0.567 30.91 29.47 0.445
District of Columbia 11.76 11.27 0.780 36.14 38.96 0.285 27.34 29.04 0.489 26.92 28.79 0.346
Florida 13.89 13.08 0.426 40.15 41.14 0.525 29.30 28.79 0.722 29.04 28.65 0.744
Georgia 16.88 14.86 0.202 42.69 42.80 0.966 32.45 32.71 0.917 32.17 32.16 0.997
Hawaii 13.93 12.99 0.606 40.06 38.81 0.686 24.49 21.58 0.197 25.30 22.85 0.187
Idaho 14.50 13.00 0.378 40.21 41.17 0.709 30.75 28.14 0.273 30.22 28.33 0.299
Illinois 17.84 16.42 0.162 47.38 47.86 0.742 30.19 30.58 0.788 31.21 31.40 0.871
Indiana 19.14 17.60 0.390 48.27 46.61 0.519 31.93 32.64 0.773 32.78 32.94 0.934
Iowa 18.77 16.56 0.243 51.04 48.68 0.372 30.22 29.15 0.647 31.78 30.44 0.476
Kansas 16.92 16.57 0.860 48.03 46.07 0.482 28.90 30.66 0.470 30.12 31.22 0.567
Kentucky 26.03 25.53 0.826 55.11 54.65 0.858 36.39 37.67 0.625 37.82 38.72 0.666
Louisiana 17.08 16.63 0.799 43.92 44.69 0.758 32.08 35.90 0.125 32.04 35.00 0.125
Maine 18.17 16.54 0.407 48.14 48.49 0.905 28.71 28.29 0.843 29.92 29.46 0.793
Maryland 16.32 15.56 0.680 39.11 41.52 0.349 26.83 27.07 0.920 27.25 27.62 0.850
Massachusetts 17.25 15.65 0.329 47.01 45.53 0.608 26.12 24.81 0.566 27.70 26.35 0.469
Michigan 17.40 17.04 0.740 48.98 48.84 0.921 30.81 30.32 0.719 31.76 31.29 0.662
Minnesota 21.11 19.77 0.500 52.73 49.24 0.185 30.75 28.73 0.377 32.64 30.50 0.237
Mississippi 19.64b 16.46 0.093 41.99 42.97 0.697 34.13 34.66 0.840 33.57 33.80 0.913
Missouri 19.38 17.16 0.253 51.99 49.05 0.286 34.92 32.69 0.377 35.50 33.17 0.252
Montana 21.63 18.70 0.159 49.56 49.56 0.998 31.87 29.19 0.252 33.02 30.72 0.217
Nebraska 15.05 18.10 0.113 49.61 50.73 0.681 29.04 29.66 0.797 30.30 31.28 0.601
Nevada 18.55 15.86 0.190 45.07 45.81 0.809 33.94 32.95 0.701 33.78 32.76 0.625
New Hampshire 17.88 18.25 0.852 45.42 45.83 0.890 28.25 28.36 0.960 29.20 29.33 0.943
New Jersey 14.70 14.25 0.763 43.38 43.38 0.999 25.00 25.22 0.923 26.18 26.23 0.980
New Mexico 18.50 19.82 0.536 46.59 43.21 0.256 28.51 29.73 0.596 29.88 30.46 0.749
New York 13.60 13.55 0.957 39.49 41.02 0.311 26.46 24.46 0.141 26.78 25.41 0.212
North Carolina 19.73 17.64 0.248 49.60 47.24 0.374 32.12 32.28 0.948 32.99 32.60 0.841
North Dakota 24.90 23.56 0.552 52.90 50.59 0.393 30.54 28.48 0.371 33.04 31.11 0.281
Ohio 18.78 17.99 0.479 51.84 50.07 0.237 33.34 33.47 0.924 34.25 34.02 0.834
Oklahoma 18.71 18.30 0.846 49.17 46.62 0.336 35.86 34.76 0.671 35.71 34.56 0.574
Oregon 17.48a 13.47 0.026 48.29 45.31 0.260 30.65 28.03 0.296 31.55 28.76 0.169
Pennsylvania 18.65 17.28 0.182 48.38 49.06 0.653 30.50 30.73 0.869 31.43 31.54 0.923
Rhode Island 15.88 15.47 0.831 41.96 45.91 0.162 30.00 29.19 0.726 29.94 29.72 0.908
South Carolina 17.77 16.09 0.354 40.10 41.15 0.693 30.41 32.19 0.475 30.29 31.70 0.478
South Dakota 23.54 21.56 0.362 51.05 51.03 0.994 28.68 31.76 0.188 31.19 33.33 0.242
Tennessee 19.99 19.17 0.692 49.04 47.07 0.490 33.13 32.96 0.943 33.84 33.39 0.817
Texas 15.54 14.31 0.203 40.03 38.95 0.427 27.74 27.85 0.939 28.12 27.93 0.860
Utah 10.57 8.69 0.278 27.48 27.80 0.898 19.73 18.33 0.541 19.86 18.84 0.529
Vermont 17.72 18.89 0.545 47.85 48.90 0.702 28.19 29.14 0.661 29.48 30.49 0.565
Virginia 14.87 13.48 0.376 44.57 43.22 0.631 26.50 27.98 0.522 27.55 28.44 0.636
Washington 15.01 14.37 0.686 37.88 40.21 0.371 29.32 28.66 0.793 28.94 28.66 0.891
West Virginia 23.14 21.36 0.412 54.45 54.04 0.874 38.48 36.71 0.461 39.08 37.49 0.415
Wisconsin 19.92 18.35 0.388 52.14 49.04 0.241 28.94 27.57 0.553 31.03 29.42 0.376
Wyoming 20.56 21.10 0.792 51.72 53.75 0.476 31.07 33.59 0.302 32.82 35.11 0.227
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Use of any Tobacco product indicates using at least once cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.11 Percentages Reporting Past Month Use of Cigarettes, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 14.15a 13.27 0.001 38.69 38.60 0.833 24.59 24.22 0.358 25.32 24.94 0.242
Alabama 15.81 13.62 0.207 35.90 35.88 0.994 26.45 24.56 0.410 26.60 24.95 0.371
Alaska 16.37 15.32 0.574 43.83 42.43 0.618 23.13 21.85 0.535 25.26 24.12 0.477
Arizona 13.95 12.02 0.239 39.60 36.82 0.315 23.04 22.26 0.729 24.21 23.07 0.524
Arkansas 18.56a 14.64 0.032 37.29 39.16 0.460 28.35 27.89 0.846 28.48 27.99 0.793
California 8.85 8.71 0.835 29.78 29.90 0.929 21.58 21.49 0.944 21.29 21.30 0.995
Colorado 17.17 15.50 0.366 44.01 45.46 0.591 23.17 21.66 0.470 25.27 24.20 0.516
Connecticut 16.63 17.24 0.765 42.18 43.99 0.546 22.40 23.44 0.635 24.11 25.10 0.583
Delaware 15.39 15.36 0.989 43.72 42.48 0.639 25.78 24.06 0.435 26.93 25.49 0.428
District of Columbia 9.90 9.21 0.653 32.42 34.40 0.436 25.28 25.48 0.928 24.66 25.23 0.752
Florida 11.30 11.21 0.920 34.96 36.18 0.411 25.23 24.41 0.567 24.98 24.44 0.645
Georgia 14.19 12.06 0.132 37.29 36.53 0.770 26.45 24.43 0.389 26.60 24.74 0.309
Hawaii 12.05 11.51 0.742 39.63 39.16 0.880 21.14 19.01 0.324 22.45 20.74 0.336
Idaho 12.64 10.97 0.291 36.28 36.21 0.979 23.14 22.20 0.661 23.87 23.01 0.600
Illinois 15.54 14.09 0.121 42.94 43.47 0.720 25.46 25.51 0.969 26.77 26.70 0.946
Indiana 16.28 14.96 0.432 41.31 40.02 0.608 26.24 26.83 0.794 27.22 27.36 0.938
Iowa 16.89 14.56 0.205 42.87 43.15 0.918 24.02 23.03 0.635 25.77 24.83 0.574
Kansas 13.66 12.98 0.692 39.62 38.91 0.801 22.97 24.06 0.628 24.16 24.88 0.689
Kentucky 22.42 22.23 0.929 47.01 46.88 0.959 31.32 31.33 0.997 32.49 32.49 0.997
Louisiana 14.92 14.17 0.663 40.05 40.12 0.978 27.21 29.98 0.250 27.63 29.68 0.269
Maine 16.72 14.11 0.148 44.67 45.24 0.846 25.23 24.93 0.876 26.64 26.21 0.787
Maryland 14.04 13.59 0.789 35.06 38.23 0.213 22.84 23.70 0.698 23.42 24.40 0.592
Massachusetts 15.49 13.96 0.375 41.33 41.31 0.996 22.84 21.40 0.486 24.29 23.01 0.451
Michigan 15.88 15.12 0.450 43.29 43.60 0.837 25.88 25.93 0.967 27.09 27.06 0.973
Minnesota 19.34 17.36 0.312 48.36 44.50 0.146 24.35 22.19 0.315 27.02 24.66 0.169
Mississippi 14.79 12.53 0.202 33.65 35.53 0.443 27.39 26.91 0.848 26.83 26.52 0.875
Missouri 15.09 14.20 0.607 45.62 43.14 0.374 28.29 26.87 0.553 29.15 27.65 0.435
Montana 17.47 15.30 0.248 41.39 42.26 0.728 22.10 20.70 0.487 24.07 22.95 0.491
Nebraska 13.91 15.70 0.328 43.01 44.16 0.674 20.90 22.09 0.556 23.14 24.44 0.429
Nevada 16.42 14.50 0.320 41.27 41.55 0.925 28.77 28.48 0.905 29.07 28.64 0.829
New Hampshire 15.76 16.41 0.725 42.35 43.67 0.666 24.15 24.40 0.905 25.43 25.80 0.824
New Jersey 12.58 12.67 0.949 39.67 39.08 0.829 22.24 22.10 0.947 23.37 23.13 0.886
New Mexico 15.80 18.59 0.169 41.19 39.04 0.439 23.73 24.28 0.795 25.26 25.69 0.797
New York 12.25 12.36 0.905 36.08 38.25 0.154 24.09 22.18 0.159 24.39 23.18 0.267
North Carolina 17.29 14.75 0.134 44.04 41.50 0.337 27.03 27.14 0.962 28.11 27.61 0.781
North Dakota 20.61 19.90 0.737 46.03 46.34 0.910 23.65 22.37 0.536 26.46 25.54 0.580
Ohio 15.89 15.24 0.527 44.87 43.79 0.450 28.18 28.55 0.781 29.09 29.15 0.952
Oklahoma 14.95 15.17 0.908 42.67 40.18 0.329 28.07 26.17 0.426 28.54 26.86 0.370
Oregon 15.03b 11.83 0.059 41.99 39.28 0.319 23.61 22.05 0.485 25.05 23.21 0.307
Pennsylvania 16.44b 14.80 0.093 41.88 42.79 0.547 25.08 25.24 0.895 26.20 26.26 0.951
Rhode Island 14.03 14.40 0.840 37.25b 42.66 0.053 26.40 26.31 0.965 26.39 26.98 0.740
South Carolina 15.49 13.72 0.317 35.46 37.03 0.548 25.54 26.06 0.827 25.72 26.21 0.798
South Dakota 18.95 17.77 0.554 44.60 44.63 0.992 22.22 24.26 0.334 24.96 26.42 0.377
Tennessee 17.15 16.94 0.911 44.38 41.90 0.373 27.02 27.62 0.802 28.24 28.38 0.944
Texas 12.59 12.08 0.564 34.67 34.52 0.914 23.26 23.29 0.980 23.68 23.65 0.981
Utah 10.05 7.93 0.203 24.75 25.33 0.812 16.91 16.06 0.699 17.39 16.75 0.677
Vermont 14.49 16.00 0.388 43.66 44.22 0.826 22.59 22.66 0.969 24.30 24.62 0.845
Virginia 13.13 11.71 0.325 38.41 39.12 0.795 22.92 24.37 0.502 23.84 24.95 0.528
Washington 13.44 13.01 0.784 34.42 35.65 0.633 23.54 22.79 0.747 23.87 23.43 0.811
West Virginia 19.90 18.27 0.430 45.55 45.13 0.872 29.34 28.21 0.617 30.51 29.43 0.563
Wisconsin 17.70 15.85 0.283 45.96 43.82 0.422 23.46 22.00 0.479 25.81 24.22 0.336
Wyoming 16.20 16.79 0.758 42.83 44.97 0.439 23.67 25.35 0.440 25.55 27.23 0.334
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.



Table A.12 Percentages Reporting Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 1999-2000 and 2000-2001
State 12-17 18-25 26 or Older Total
1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value 1999-2000 2000-2001 p value
Total1 62.37a 63.77 0.000 63.25a 64.69 0.000 69.55a 71.88 0.000 67.99a 70.10 0.000
Alabama 61.65 61.41 0.927 61.63 63.45 0.464 69.33 70.90 0.546 67.55 68.98 0.494
Alaska 61.07 62.23 0.647 61.10 64.89 0.144 67.18b 71.52 0.068 65.52a 69.28 0.044
Arizona 63.99 64.87 0.711 63.73 66.62 0.265 71.52 73.29 0.468 69.64 71.45 0.347
Arkansas 60.40 61.95 0.529 59.77 61.32 0.531 65.84 67.75 0.423 64.49 66.30 0.346
California 66.41 66.88 0.683 72.88 72.32 0.673 73.80a 76.70 0.040 72.86a 75.05 0.045
Colorado 59.47 63.48 0.133 61.68 59.58 0.450 69.56 70.85 0.609 67.46 68.55 0.593
Connecticut 62.50 62.63 0.961 62.64 62.50 0.961 72.64 71.83 0.725 70.55 69.89 0.731
Delaware 61.15 62.09 0.710 62.59 65.27 0.276 70.17 72.05 0.438 68.32 70.22 0.337
District of Columbia 64.49 64.96 0.862 72.31 73.95 0.494 70.26 72.53 0.351 69.94 72.06 0.282
Florida 67.77 68.21 0.751 67.02 67.64 0.674 70.56 72.40 0.205 69.92 71.48 0.184
Georgia 63.85 64.53 0.755 64.22 65.63 0.560 67.68b 72.23 0.082 66.81b 70.51 0.075
Hawaii 61.94 64.03 0.429 64.76 65.90 0.691 67.15 69.70 0.367 66.35 68.69 0.308
Idaho 66.04 68.33 0.327 61.98 64.87 0.252 69.32 69.96 0.784 67.81 68.99 0.521
Illinois 61.83 63.17 0.336 61.08 62.33 0.415 68.80 69.91 0.441 67.06 68.21 0.313
Indiana 61.32 62.65 0.569 58.76 61.97 0.202 66.22 69.66 0.162 64.72 67.90 0.108
Iowa 60.68 63.31 0.275 57.06 59.62 0.324 64.24a 69.52 0.035 62.91a 67.53 0.022
Kansas 56.26 60.24 0.137 55.39a 60.78 0.049 65.77b 70.12 0.090 63.31a 67.74 0.030
Kentucky 56.60 59.97 0.178 54.02 57.39 0.163 62.52 66.72 0.107 60.80b 64.80 0.055
Louisiana 61.65 60.92 0.770 63.38 61.91 0.557 65.05 66.08 0.693 64.41 64.87 0.820
Maine 64.21 63.96 0.918 61.83 63.66 0.504 71.46 70.68 0.727 69.64 69.19 0.811
Maryland 63.04 62.49 0.824 63.98 63.38 0.812 69.86 70.15 0.911 68.49 68.58 0.968
Massachusetts 64.82 65.21 0.875 65.93 66.80 0.743 74.40 73.96 0.842 72.49 72.28 0.911
Michigan 62.33 63.11 0.572 59.02 61.05 0.190 68.52 69.76 0.382 66.64 67.92 0.252
Minnesota 59.58 62.19 0.304 57.53b 61.92 0.074 66.73 69.41 0.262 64.72 67.59 0.131
Mississippi 63.58 63.77 0.941 64.04 66.68 0.277 69.11 69.77 0.804 67.76 68.65 0.665
Missouri 61.05 63.19 0.378 58.54 61.12 0.315 67.78 70.27 0.328 65.87 68.32 0.230
Montana 61.92a 67.30 0.039 61.31 63.21 0.434 70.42 72.55 0.361 68.32 70.74 0.194
Nebraska 58.19 59.47 0.621 56.18 57.87 0.530 65.69 68.89 0.180 63.56 66.30 0.147
Nevada 58.86b 63.49 0.084 64.38 66.03 0.573 68.56 69.96 0.570 67.14 68.83 0.408
New Hampshire 61.17 62.32 0.645 61.54 62.92 0.621 68.99 70.84 0.416 67.30 69.01 0.359
New Jersey 63.95 63.41 0.803 64.35 66.47 0.409 73.69 77.32 0.107 71.69b 74.73 0.097
New Mexico 59.31b 63.59 0.093 63.21 62.95 0.923 70.53 72.48 0.394 68.17 70.09 0.293
New York 61.98 62.81 0.564 66.53 66.87 0.815 72.64b 75.23 0.074 70.83b 72.99 0.063
North Carolina 56.01 59.57 0.132 56.92 60.23 0.206 62.30a 68.02 0.038 61.01a 66.19 0.018
North Dakota 60.72 62.66 0.428 60.55 61.00 0.862 68.21 70.48 0.342 66.26 68.24 0.293
Ohio 59.37 61.31 0.164 56.82 59.06 0.122 66.06 67.86 0.209 64.18b 66.04 0.097
Oklahoma 60.75 60.81 0.984 61.36 59.95 0.592 64.67 68.21 0.195 63.79 66.26 0.254
Oregon 64.31 68.35 0.104 60.36b 64.74 0.097 68.74 72.70 0.144 67.27b 71.27 0.068
Pennsylvania 60.20 61.91 0.225 59.19 60.53 0.355 67.68 69.93 0.118 65.96b 68.04 0.074
Rhode Island 63.21 63.05 0.952 64.92 66.12 0.646 73.11 72.12 0.669 71.19 70.51 0.721
South Carolina 61.74 64.37 0.282 64.44 64.52 0.975 69.80 70.22 0.868 68.30 68.90 0.767
South Dakota 58.22 59.72 0.565 53.42a 59.65 0.022 65.37 66.56 0.617 62.85 64.77 0.303
Tennessee 57.53 61.32 0.163 60.30 61.14 0.752 68.00 69.50 0.548 65.98 67.63 0.419
Texas 62.21 63.15 0.479 63.91 65.52 0.246 71.87 73.66 0.210 69.57 71.25 0.125
Utah 71.93 73.28 0.568 75.07 75.78 0.746 76.01 77.03 0.659 75.24 76.27 0.540
Vermont 60.60 62.02 0.557 63.00 63.96 0.698 72.44 72.55 0.960 70.03 70.39 0.832
Virginia 60.87 64.26 0.143 62.74 64.24 0.586 69.08 71.11 0.403 67.49 69.58 0.293
Washington 63.34a 68.59 0.020 64.13b 68.75 0.068 69.14 72.67 0.162 67.91b 71.73 0.058
West Virginia 59.89 61.10 0.628 58.21 58.16 0.985 64.63b 69.04 0.061 63.40b 66.95 0.064
Wisconsin 60.88 61.64 0.732 57.44 61.56 0.106 66.71 70.03 0.164 64.86b 67.99 0.099
Wyoming 58.27 60.15 0.479 57.95 58.44 0.856 67.42 67.91 0.840 64.99 65.63 0.740
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2000-2001 estimate and the 1999-2000 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
1 This estimate is the weighted average of the hierarchical Bayes estimates across all States and the District of Columbia and typically is not equal to the direct sample-weighted estimate for the Nation.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 1999, 2000, and 2001.

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This page was last updated on May 20, 2008.