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120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.1 – Illicit Drug Use in Past Month and Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Illicit Drug Use
in Past Month
Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana
in Past Month
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 10.25   (9.51 - 11.04) 3.89 (3.44 - 4.40)
Region 1R 17.39 (13.59 - 21.98) 5.31 (3.54 - 7.88)
Region 2R 10.66   (8.35 - 13.51) 4.48 (3.00 - 6.63)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 11.73   (9.07 - 15.04) 3.68 (2.44 - 5.52)
Region 4R 10.00   (7.62 - 13.01) 3.60 (2.38 - 5.42)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 17.22 (12.94 - 22.54) 5.45 (3.36 - 8.73)
Region 6 (Santa Clara)   8.23   (6.24 - 10.78) 2.74 (1.83 - 4.10)
Region 7R (Contra Costa)   9.85   (7.46 - 12.91) 3.47 (2.27 - 5.29)
Region 8R (Alameda) 10.98   (8.59 - 13.95) 3.49 (2.31 - 5.26)
Region 9R (San Mateo)   8.70   (6.44 - 11.67) 2.90 (1.87 - 4.48)
Region 10 13.17 (10.39 - 16.56) 5.31 (3.50 - 7.99)
Region 11 (Los Angeles)   9.57   (8.52 - 10.72) 3.78 (3.16 - 4.53)
LA SPA 1 and 5 11.31   (8.57 - 14.80) 3.84 (2.51 - 5.81)
LA SPA 2   8.98   (6.95 - 11.52) 3.96 (2.71 - 5.75)
LA SPA 3   7.92   (6.18 - 10.10) 3.39 (2.31 - 4.96)
LA SPA 4 10.61   (8.16 - 13.70) 3.88 (2.55 - 5.86)
LA SPA 6   9.64   (7.44 - 12.40) 3.79 (2.62 - 5.46)
LA SPA 7   8.12   (6.26 - 10.46) 3.52 (2.40 - 5.14)
LA SPA 8 11.46   (8.92 - 14.62) 4.10 (2.69 - 6.21)
Region 12R   9.22   (6.95 - 12.14) 3.75 (2.52 - 5.55)
Region 13 and 19R 10.23   (8.26 - 12.61) 3.84 (2.72 - 5.40)
Region 13 (Riverside) 10.49   (8.38 - 13.05) 3.86 (2.67 - 5.55)
Region 19R (Imperial)   6.95 (5.08 - 9.44) 3.58 (2.39 - 5.31)
Region 14 (Orange)   8.22   (6.68 - 10.08) 3.23 (2.31 - 4.51)
Region 15R (Fresno)   9.17   (6.88 - 12.12) 3.70 (2.55 - 5.33)
Region 16R (San Diego) 11.58   (9.60 - 13.91) 4.93 (3.68 - 6.58)
Region 17R   8.83   (6.96 - 11.14) 4.02 (2.83 - 5.70)
Region 18R (San Bernardino)   8.49   (6.74 - 10.65) 3.76 (2.70 - 5.22)
Region 20R   9.44   (7.15 - 12.38) 3.51 (2.36 - 5.18)
Region 21R 12.63   (9.74 - 16.22) 3.89 (2.59 - 5.79)
120620

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Table 5.2 – Marijuana Use in Past Month, Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Month
Average Annual Rate of
First Use of Marijuana1
Perceptions of Great
Risk of Smoking Marijuana
Once a Month
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use. The prediction intervals for Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana use a simultaneous solution for First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group-specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California   8.05 (7.39 - 8.76) 2.14 (1.98 - 2.31) 32.81 (31.44 - 34.22)
Region 1R 13.99 (10.68 - 18.11) 2.77 (2.13 - 3.59) 27.45 (22.73 - 32.73)
Region 2R   8.24   (6.32 - 10.69) 2.31 (1.84 - 2.91) 24.86 (20.66 - 29.60)
Region 3R (Sacramento)   9.44   (7.22 - 12.24) 2.34 (1.84 - 2.97) 28.69 (24.04 - 33.83)
Region 4R   8.18   (6.19 - 10.73) 2.65 (2.09 - 3.35) 25.49 (21.26 - 30.23)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 12.71   (9.55 - 16.72) 1.90 (1.45 - 2.48) 23.90 (19.07 - 29.51)
Region 6 (Santa Clara)   6.68 (5.07 - 8.76) 1.79 (1.43 - 2.22) 32.99 (28.44 - 37.89)
Region 7R (Contra Costa)   8.61   (6.39 - 11.49) 2.31 (1.82 - 2.94) 31.11 (25.96 - 36.77)
Region 8R (Alameda)   9.08   (7.06 - 11.61) 2.42 (1.96 - 2.99) 27.90 (23.41 - 32.88)
Region 9R (San Mateo)   7.19 (5.25 - 9.76) 2.23 (1.73 - 2.87) 29.24 (24.07 - 35.01)
Region 10 10.85   (8.47 - 13.79) 3.20 (2.59 - 3.94) 27.03 (22.71 - 31.83)
Region 11 (Los Angeles)   7.21 (6.35 - 8.18) 1.82 (1.64 - 2.03) 35.40 (33.35 - 37.51)
LA SPA 1 and 5   9.04   (6.77 - 11.98) 2.31 (1.79 - 2.96) 27.94 (23.09 - 33.36)
LA SPA 2   6.84 (5.28 - 8.83) 1.85 (1.52 - 2.24) 34.18 (29.89 - 38.75)
LA SPA 3   5.93 (4.53 - 7.72) 1.65 (1.35 - 2.02) 38.89 (34.49 - 43.48)
LA SPA 4   7.88   (5.94 - 10.39) 1.51 (1.20 - 1.89) 37.26 (32.31 - 42.50)
LA SPA 6   7.20 (5.37 - 9.60) 2.03 (1.61 - 2.57) 38.38 (33.42 - 43.59)
LA SPA 7   6.39 (4.82 - 8.43) 1.97 (1.58 - 2.44) 37.54 (32.84 - 42.49)
LA SPA 8   8.14   (6.16 - 10.69) 1.72 (1.38 - 2.15) 32.95 (28.37 - 37.88)
Region 12R   7.75   (5.60 - 10.63) 2.68 (2.08 - 3.44) 32.86 (27.77 - 38.39)
Region 13 and 19R   8.05   (6.36 - 10.14) 2.06 (1.68 - 2.52) 37.03 (33.01 - 41.24)
Region 13 (Riverside)   8.26   (6.46 - 10.50) 2.11 (1.70 - 2.61) 36.27 (32.00 - 40.77)
Region 19R (Imperial)   5.40 (3.89 - 7.46) 1.51 (1.18 - 1.94) 46.81 (41.05 - 52.65)
Region 14 (Orange)   6.49 (5.23 - 8.02) 1.76 (1.47 - 2.11) 34.37 (30.81 - 38.12)
Region 15R (Fresno)   7.09 (5.24 - 9.51) 2.00 (1.57 - 2.55) 39.51 (34.39 - 44.87)
Region 16R (San Diego)   8.85   (7.20 - 10.82) 2.20 (1.83 - 2.63) 28.85 (25.41 - 32.54)
Region 17R   6.78 (5.23 - 8.74) 2.37 (1.94 - 2.88) 39.28 (34.85 - 43.88)
Region 18R (San Bernardino)   6.13 (4.72 - 7.94) 2.54 (2.10 - 3.05) 37.83 (33.70 - 42.14)
Region 20R   7.95   (5.97 - 10.51) 2.22 (1.76 - 2.80) 37.93 (32.56 - 43.61)
Region 21R 11.03   (8.34 - 14.45) 2.68 (2.08 - 3.45) 29.18 (24.46 - 34.40)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.3 – Marijuana Use in Past Year, Cocaine Use in Past Year, and Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Marijuana Use
in Past Year
Cocaine Use
in Past Year
Nonmedical Use of Pain
Relievers in Past Year
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 13.46 (12.67 - 14.29) 2.18 (1.87 - 2.53) 5.02 (4.53 - 5.57)
Region 1R 22.67 (18.54 - 27.42) 3.12 (2.19 - 4.44) 6.58 (5.06 - 8.52)
Region 2R 15.02 (12.39 - 18.08) 2.49 (1.76 - 3.51) 6.38 (4.94 - 8.21)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 16.19 (13.15 - 19.77) 2.30 (1.55 - 3.40) 5.90 (4.52 - 7.66)
Region 4R 14.42 (11.60 - 17.79) 2.24 (1.54 - 3.24) 5.49 (4.21 - 7.15)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 23.12 (18.66 - 28.26) 3.92 (2.56 - 5.95) 5.33 (3.91 - 7.23)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 10.48   (8.36 - 13.07) 1.60 (1.09 - 2.34) 3.78 (2.85 - 5.01)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 14.12 (11.17 - 17.71) 1.90 (1.29 - 2.79) 4.56 (3.43 - 6.03)
Region 8R (Alameda) 15.32 (12.61 - 18.49) 2.29 (1.58 - 3.30) 5.00 (3.76 - 6.61)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 12.30   (9.71 - 15.47) 1.70 (1.13 - 2.55) 4.15 (3.08 - 5.58)
Region 10 16.42 (13.60 - 19.70) 2.66 (1.86 - 3.81) 6.01 (4.61 - 7.82)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 12.50 (11.36 - 13.74) 2.08 (1.71 - 2.53) 4.48 (3.92 - 5.12)
LA SPA 1 and 5 16.00 (12.69 - 19.98) 2.56 (1.72 - 3.78) 4.71 (3.56 - 6.22)
LA SPA 2 12.35 (10.21 - 14.86) 2.13 (1.49 - 3.02) 4.25 (3.27 - 5.51)
LA SPA 3 10.71   (8.70 - 13.12) 1.66 (1.14 - 2.41) 4.40 (3.34 - 5.77)
LA SPA 4 14.44 (11.60 - 17.84) 2.57 (1.76 - 3.76) 4.51 (3.41 - 5.95)
LA SPA 6 12.13   (9.63 - 15.15) 2.20 (1.49 - 3.23) 4.36 (3.35 - 5.66)
LA SPA 7 10.01   (7.94 - 12.54) 1.79 (1.22 - 2.64) 4.68 (3.61 - 6.05)
LA SPA 8 13.21 (10.59 - 16.37) 1.97 (1.35 - 2.85) 4.65 (3.50 - 6.15)
Region 12R 15.23 (11.96 - 19.19) 2.12 (1.46 - 3.08) 5.18 (3.93 - 6.82)
Region 13 and 19R 12.42 (10.33 - 14.86) 2.07 (1.46 - 2.92) 5.11 (4.01 - 6.49)
Region 13 (Riverside) 12.69 (10.46 - 15.30) 2.06 (1.43 - 2.97) 5.16 (4.01 - 6.63)
Region 19R (Imperial)   8.98   (6.84 - 11.69) 2.19 (1.49 - 3.22) 4.42 (3.29 - 5.91)
Region 14 (Orange) 10.22   (8.61 - 12.08) 1.80 (1.31 - 2.46) 4.09 (3.20 - 5.21)
Region 15R (Fresno) 12.02   (9.42 - 15.21) 2.13 (1.46 - 3.09) 5.24 (3.99 - 6.85)
Region 16R (San Diego) 13.66 (11.64 - 15.96) 2.29 (1.68 - 3.13) 5.92 (4.74 - 7.38)
Region 17R 10.33   (8.41 - 12.62) 2.29 (1.63 - 3.21) 5.12 (4.03 - 6.49)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 11.53   (9.61 - 13.77) 2.06 (1.46 - 2.90) 5.56 (4.41 - 7.01)
Region 20R 13.37 (10.68 - 16.62) 2.06 (1.42 - 2.99) 5.35 (4.11 - 6.92)
Region 21R 17.73 (14.29 - 21.78) 2.38 (1.66 - 3.42) 5.41 (4.14 - 7.03)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.4 – Alcohol Use in Past Month, Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use
in Past Month
Binge Alcohol Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great Risk
of Having Five or More Drinks of
an Alcoholic Beverage
Once or Twice a Week
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 50.20 (48.69 - 51.71) 22.33 (21.25 - 23.44) 44.15 (42.74 - 45.56)
Region 1R 55.97 (50.44 - 61.35) 26.49 (22.54 - 30.86) 37.13 (33.02 - 41.44)
Region 2R 54.71 (49.54 - 59.78) 25.87 (22.25 - 29.87) 39.48 (35.43 - 43.69)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 49.94 (44.85 - 55.02) 22.75 (19.49 - 26.37) 41.09 (37.00 - 45.32)
Region 4R 57.45 (52.48 - 62.28) 21.15 (17.86 - 24.85) 41.78 (37.80 - 45.88)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 61.21 (55.48 - 66.64) 25.85 (21.60 - 30.61) 40.16 (35.39 - 45.12)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 51.86 (47.25 - 56.45) 20.17 (17.09 - 23.65) 44.38 (40.32 - 48.53)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 55.39 (50.10 - 60.55) 21.19 (17.62 - 25.27) 44.82 (40.44 - 49.28)
Region 8R (Alameda) 53.34 (48.39 - 58.21) 20.66 (17.37 - 24.38) 43.57 (39.41 - 47.83)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 57.83 (52.32 - 63.16) 20.78 (17.28 - 24.77) 42.66 (38.22 - 47.22)
Region 10 54.33 (49.26 - 59.31) 23.50 (20.17 - 27.20) 43.90 (39.81 - 48.08)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 46.88 (44.68 - 49.09) 21.29 (19.78 - 22.88) 46.98 (45.07 - 48.91)
LA SPA 1 and 5 56.09 (50.41 - 61.62) 23.18 (19.54 - 27.27) 41.82 (37.50 - 46.28)
LA SPA 2 48.74 (44.12 - 53.38) 19.81 (16.93 - 23.03) 47.48 (43.51 - 51.48)
LA SPA 3 44.97 (40.53 - 49.49) 20.67 (17.72 - 23.96) 46.09 (42.22 - 50.01)
LA SPA 4 47.08 (42.17 - 52.04) 23.31 (19.95 - 27.04) 46.75 (42.67 - 50.86)
LA SPA 6 37.45 (32.51 - 42.67) 20.64 (17.19 - 24.56) 50.37 (46.41 - 54.32)
LA SPA 7 43.24 (38.52 - 48.09) 23.01 (19.53 - 26.91) 50.21 (46.24 - 54.17)
LA SPA 8 49.10 (44.15 - 54.07) 20.18 (16.91 - 23.90) 46.21 (42.36 - 50.11)
Region 12R 50.35 (44.56 - 56.13) 22.55 (18.92 - 26.66) 41.44 (37.13 - 45.89)
Region 13 and 19R 45.80 (41.72 - 49.93) 23.84 (20.75 - 27.23) 43.66 (40.08 - 47.32)
Region 13 (Riverside) 46.29 (41.93 - 50.71) 23.90 (20.61 - 27.53) 43.27 (39.47 - 47.16)
Region 19R (Imperial) 39.40 (34.18 - 44.88) 23.10 (19.30 - 27.38) 48.71 (44.46 - 52.97)
Region 14 (Orange) 52.83 (49.21 - 56.41) 20.49 (17.97 - 23.28) 43.65 (40.20 - 47.16)
Region 15R (Fresno) 42.61 (37.54 - 47.85) 21.68 (18.35 - 25.42) 45.85 (41.78 - 49.98)
Region 16R (San Diego) 54.34 (50.74 - 57.90) 24.89 (22.18 - 27.82) 42.37 (38.98 - 45.83)
Region 17R 45.20 (40.79 - 49.69) 23.19 (20.02 - 26.70) 45.92 (42.18 - 49.71)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 45.42 (41.36 - 49.54) 21.81 (18.96 - 24.95) 45.98 (42.46 - 49.55)
Region 20R 43.90 (38.61 - 49.34) 23.10 (19.47 - 27.19) 44.42 (40.30 - 48.62)
Region 21R 50.24 (44.81 - 55.66) 23.85 (20.11 - 28.05) 41.63 (37.51 - 45.87)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.5 – Alcohol Use in Past Month and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Use in Past Month
among Persons Aged 12 to 20
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among
Persons Aged 12 to 201
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 24.98 (23.76 - 26.25) 16.61 (15.49 - 17.79)
Region 1R 29.91 (25.48 - 34.75) 20.59 (16.97 - 24.76)
Region 2R 27.10 (23.28 - 31.30) 19.83 (16.54 - 23.58)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 23.57 (19.95 - 27.62) 16.56 (13.49 - 20.16)
Region 4R 26.74 (22.86 - 31.00) 18.35 (14.97 - 22.28)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 26.81 (22.31 - 31.84) 16.60 (13.23 - 20.62)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 22.77 (19.34 - 26.60) 16.92 (13.94 - 20.39)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 24.28 (20.46 - 28.55) 16.21 (13.03 - 19.99)
Region 8R (Alameda) 24.76 (21.31 - 28.57) 16.80 (13.91 - 20.15)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 25.26 (21.12 - 29.90) 16.93 (13.60 - 20.88)
Region 10 28.71 (24.84 - 32.92) 18.93 (15.56 - 22.84)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 23.37 (21.73 - 25.09) 15.00 (13.55 - 16.57)
LA SPA 1 and 5 27.33 (23.14 - 31.97) 17.86 (14.29 - 22.09)
LA SPA 2 23.83 (20.55 - 27.45) 15.18 (12.49 - 18.34)
LA SPA 3 24.08 (20.70 - 27.82) 15.84 (13.01 - 19.14)
LA SPA 4 22.63 (18.92 - 26.83) 14.50 (11.47 - 18.17)
LA SPA 6 20.24 (16.92 - 24.02) 12.93 (10.28 - 16.13)
LA SPA 7 23.22 (19.73 - 27.13) 15.20 (12.31 - 18.62)
LA SPA 8 22.74 (19.44 - 26.42) 13.88 (11.20 - 17.06)
Region 12R 25.84 (21.72 - 30.42) 16.05 (12.75 - 20.00)
Region 13 and 19R 24.30 (21.08 - 27.83) 16.17 (13.46 - 19.30)
Region 13 (Riverside) 24.31 (20.86 - 28.13) 16.21 (13.31 - 19.59)
Region 19R (Imperial) 24.10 (20.29 - 28.37) 15.67 (12.55 - 19.40)
Region 14 (Orange) 25.00 (22.18 - 28.05) 15.04 (12.67 - 17.75)
Region 15R (Fresno) 23.18 (19.48 - 27.36) 15.58 (12.62 - 19.08)
Region 16R (San Diego) 28.68 (25.52 - 32.06) 20.43 (17.50 - 23.71)
Region 17R 24.89 (21.46 - 28.68) 17.08 (14.20 - 20.40)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 25.12 (22.02 - 28.50) 15.43 (12.90 - 18.34)
Region 20R 24.42 (20.69 - 28.58) 15.69 (12.74 - 19.17)
Region 21R 25.61 (21.47 - 30.24) 20.01 (16.37 - 24.23)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.6 – Cigarette Use in Past Month, Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, and Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Cigarette Use
in Past Month
Tobacco Product Use
in Past Month1
Perceptions of Great Risk of
Smoking One or More Packs
of Cigarettes Per Day
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 18.89 (17.80 - 20.03) 22.14 (21.00 - 23.32) 76.16 (74.89 - 77.38)
Region 1R 24.15 (20.81 - 27.83) 29.84 (26.07 - 33.90) 72.33 (68.80 - 75.60)
Region 2R 19.88 (17.11 - 22.97) 25.58 (22.37 - 29.07) 74.32 (71.13 - 77.27)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 21.00 (18.13 - 24.19) 24.67 (21.42 - 28.24) 74.18 (70.92 - 77.20)
Region 4R 18.00 (15.31 - 21.04) 22.49 (19.41 - 25.90) 76.58 (73.56 - 79.35)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 19.67 (16.60 - 23.15) 22.90 (19.47 - 26.74) 79.40 (76.19 - 82.28)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 15.36 (13.09 - 17.93) 18.28 (15.73 - 21.14) 76.95 (73.81 - 79.82)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 15.50 (12.96 - 18.43) 19.04 (16.14 - 22.32) 77.62 (74.55 - 80.43)
Region 8R (Alameda) 17.10 (14.63 - 19.89) 20.60 (17.84 - 23.66) 77.93 (74.88 - 80.71)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 15.18 (12.63 - 18.13) 19.04 (16.07 - 22.41) 78.07 (74.87 - 80.96)
Region 10 17.98 (15.50 - 20.75) 21.50 (18.64 - 24.66) 75.91 (72.90 - 78.68)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 18.34 (16.94 - 19.84) 20.59 (19.13 - 22.13) 77.28 (75.75 - 78.74)
LA SPA 1 and 5 17.46 (14.68 - 20.63) 20.74 (17.66 - 24.19) 78.31 (75.26 - 81.08)
LA SPA 2 17.96 (15.53 - 20.68) 20.43 (17.89 - 23.23) 77.71 (74.86 - 80.33)
LA SPA 3 15.55 (13.21 - 18.22) 18.17 (15.68 - 20.96) 77.59 (74.89 - 80.07)
LA SPA 4 22.02 (19.02 - 25.35) 23.43 (20.26 - 26.93) 77.69 (74.71 - 80.42)
LA SPA 6 20.53 (17.39 - 24.06) 22.06 (19.00 - 25.47) 75.80 (72.83 - 78.55)
LA SPA 7 18.44 (15.73 - 21.50) 20.36 (17.58 - 23.45) 76.22 (73.26 - 78.94)
LA SPA 8 18.40 (15.66 - 21.50) 20.59 (17.72 - 23.79) 77.09 (74.12 - 79.81)
Region 12R 20.53 (17.42 - 24.03) 24.41 (20.87 - 28.35) 74.18 (70.90 - 77.20)
Region 13 and 19R 20.42 (17.93 - 23.16) 23.87 (21.14 - 26.84) 75.14 (72.42 - 77.68)
Region 13 (Riverside) 20.49 (17.86 - 23.40) 24.01 (21.09 - 27.20) 75.21 (72.31 - 77.90)
Region 19R (Imperial) 19.49 (16.51 - 22.87) 22.11 (18.88 - 25.70) 74.27 (71.17 - 77.14)
Region 14 (Orange) 17.50 (15.30 - 19.93) 20.73 (18.41 - 23.26) 77.37 (74.83 - 79.73)
Region 15R (Fresno) 18.76 (16.03 - 21.83) 21.87 (18.79 - 25.30) 74.02 (70.96 - 76.86)
Region 16R (San Diego) 19.10 (16.85 - 21.57) 22.10 (19.57 - 24.85) 76.58 (74.00 - 78.97)
Region 17R 20.57 (17.85 - 23.59) 24.09 (21.16 - 27.30) 72.76 (69.70 - 75.62)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 21.64 (18.96 - 24.59) 25.33 (22.49 - 28.40) 74.18 (71.29 - 76.88)
Region 20R 20.23 (17.37 - 23.42) 23.74 (20.49 - 27.32) 73.78 (70.54 - 76.78)
Region 21R 21.23 (18.15 - 24.67) 24.97 (21.63 - 28.63) 75.62 (72.50 - 78.49)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.7 – Alcohol Dependence in Past Year and Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence
in Past Year
Illicit Drug Dependence
in Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 3.91 (3.45 - 4.43) 2.08 (1.80 - 2.40)
Region 1R 4.19 (3.24 - 5.41) 2.54 (1.77 - 3.65)
Region 2R 4.22 (3.25 - 5.45) 2.41 (1.71 - 3.39)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.79 (2.95 - 4.84) 2.21 (1.53 - 3.17)
Region 4R 3.77 (2.91 - 4.88) 2.34 (1.61 - 3.39)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 4.97 (3.65 - 6.72) 2.08 (1.36 - 3.16)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.44 (2.66 - 4.45) 1.68 (1.15 - 2.45)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.57 (2.75 - 4.63) 2.00 (1.36 - 2.93)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.66 (2.83 - 4.73) 1.73 (1.17 - 2.55)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 3.41 (2.58 - 4.49) 1.64 (1.08 - 2.49)
Region 10 4.29 (3.34 - 5.49) 2.74 (1.90 - 3.94)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.96 (3.40 - 4.60) 1.96 (1.62 - 2.35)
LA SPA 1 and 5 4.06 (3.12 - 5.25) 1.99 (1.35 - 2.91)
LA SPA 2 3.85 (3.00 - 4.93) 1.81 (1.28 - 2.55)
LA SPA 3 3.43 (2.68 - 4.38) 1.89 (1.33 - 2.67)
LA SPA 4 4.59 (3.55 - 5.92) 2.33 (1.57 - 3.45)
LA SPA 6 4.28 (3.32 - 5.50) 2.24 (1.55 - 3.22)
LA SPA 7 3.93 (3.05 - 5.06) 1.66 (1.15 - 2.38)
LA SPA 8 3.99 (3.05 - 5.21) 2.00 (1.37 - 2.89)
Region 12R 3.83 (2.97 - 4.92) 2.21 (1.51 - 3.22)
Region 13 and 19R 3.71 (2.96 - 4.63) 2.13 (1.53 - 2.96)
Region 13 (Riverside) 3.69 (2.92 - 4.67) 2.15 (1.51 - 3.04)
Region 19R (Imperial) 3.85 (2.99 - 4.96) 1.98 (1.36 - 2.86)
Region 14 (Orange) 3.75 (2.98 - 4.72) 1.75 (1.28 - 2.40)
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.81 (2.98 - 4.87) 2.35 (1.62 - 3.41)
Region 16R (San Diego) 4.16 (3.32 - 5.21) 2.25 (1.67 - 3.04)
Region 17R 3.87 (3.06 - 4.88) 2.54 (1.79 - 3.59)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.81 (3.03 - 4.78) 1.95 (1.42 - 2.66)
Region 20R 3.80 (2.96 - 4.87) 2.27 (1.57 - 3.25)
Region 21R 4.38 (3.41 - 5.61) 2.20 (1.53 - 3.17)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.8 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, and Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Alcohol Dependence or Abuse
in Past Year
Illicit Drug Dependence
or Abuse in Past Year1
Dependence or
Abuse of Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol in Past Year1
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95%
Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 7.92 (7.28 - 8.60) 3.11 (2.76 - 3.50)   9.64   (8.97 - 10.36)
Region 1R 9.17   (7.56 - 11.09) 3.91 (2.78 - 5.48) 11.84   (9.69 - 14.40)
Region 2R 9.41   (7.65 - 11.52) 3.48 (2.54 - 4.76) 11.58   (9.37 - 14.22)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 8.11 (6.66 - 9.84) 3.28 (2.33 - 4.59) 10.20   (8.35 - 12.40)
Region 4R 7.79 (6.37 - 9.50) 3.44 (2.43 - 4.83)   9.73   (7.85 - 12.00)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 9.25   (7.34 - 11.61) 3.10 (2.11 - 4.53) 11.39   (9.01 - 14.29)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 6.63 (5.35 - 8.18) 2.55 (1.83 - 3.55)   7.83 (6.33 - 9.63)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 7.20 (5.83 - 8.88) 3.14 (2.24 - 4.39)   9.08   (7.32 - 11.21)
Region 8R (Alameda) 7.56 (6.25 - 9.12) 2.81 (2.01 - 3.93)   9.16   (7.50 - 11.15)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 7.12 (5.77 - 8.76) 2.54 (1.77 - 3.63)   8.75   (6.96 - 10.95)
Region 10 8.85   (7.32 - 10.66) 3.81 (2.78 - 5.20) 10.95   (8.92 - 13.36)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 7.70 (6.92 - 8.56) 3.00 (2.56 - 3.51)   9.30   (8.41 - 10.26)
LA SPA 1 and 5 8.22   (6.72 - 10.02) 2.92 (2.05 - 4.15)   9.65   (7.77 - 11.93)
LA SPA 2 7.51 (6.17 - 9.10) 2.80 (2.08 - 3.74)   9.07   (7.47 - 10.96)
LA SPA 3 6.83 (5.59 - 8.32) 2.96 (2.18 - 4.01)   8.20 (6.74 - 9.95)
LA SPA 4 8.44   (6.92 - 10.26) 3.31 (2.36 - 4.62) 10.54   (8.55 - 12.92)
LA SPA 6 8.03 (6.56 - 9.80) 3.07 (2.18 - 4.29)   9.35   (7.54 - 11.52)
LA SPA 7 7.92 (6.54 - 9.57) 2.76 (2.02 - 3.77)   9.37   (7.67 - 11.40)
LA SPA 8 7.68 (6.27 - 9.37) 3.26 (2.34 - 4.55)   9.58   (7.74 - 11.81)
Region 12R 7.68 (6.23 - 9.44) 3.32 (2.35 - 4.68)   9.74   (7.79 - 12.12)
Region 13 and 19R 7.87 (6.59 - 9.36) 3.02 (2.24 - 4.08)   9.63   (8.00 - 11.55)
Region 13 (Riverside) 7.87 (6.52 - 9.46) 3.03 (2.20 - 4.16)   9.66   (7.93 - 11.72)
Region 19R (Imperial) 7.84 (6.40 - 9.58) 2.92 (2.08 - 4.10)   9.31   (7.49 - 11.51)
Region 14 (Orange) 7.08 (5.96 - 8.39) 2.56 (1.94 - 3.38)   8.38 (7.02 - 9.96)
Region 15R (Fresno) 7.77 (6.29 - 9.56) 3.54 (2.53 - 4.93)   9.75   (7.90 - 11.98)
Region 16R (San Diego) 9.16   (7.75 - 10.79) 3.31 (2.54 - 4.32) 11.23   (9.48 - 13.26)
Region 17R 8.19 (6.81 - 9.81) 3.57 (2.66 - 4.79) 10.04   (8.29 - 12.12)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 7.42 (6.15 - 8.94) 3.00 (2.22 - 4.05)   8.48   (7.03 - 10.19)
Region 20R 7.83 (6.41 - 9.53) 3.12 (2.21 - 4.38)   9.49   (7.70 - 11.65)
Region 21R 8.89   (7.32 - 10.76) 3.47 (2.46 - 4.89) 10.86   (8.75 - 13.42)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.9 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year and Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for
Alcohol Use in Past Year1
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for
Illicit Drug Use in Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], or mental health centers).
2 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], or mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in the Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 7.55 (6.94 - 8.21) 2.94 (2.61 - 3.31)
Region 1R 8.67   (7.06 - 10.60) 3.94 (2.84 - 5.45)
Region 2R 9.15   (7.38 - 11.29) 3.32 (2.45 - 4.49)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 7.74 (6.31 - 9.45) 3.09 (2.22 - 4.30)
Region 4R 7.35 (5.96 - 9.02) 3.25 (2.36 - 4.45)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 8.70   (6.84 - 11.01) 3.02 (2.07 - 4.37)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 6.35 (5.08 - 7.91) 2.37 (1.73 - 3.25)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 6.83 (5.46 - 8.52) 2.75 (1.97 - 3.82)
Region 8R (Alameda) 7.12 (5.75 - 8.78) 2.65 (1.92 - 3.65)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 6.76 (5.34 - 8.52) 2.14 (1.53 - 3.00)
Region 10 8.31   (6.82 - 10.10) 3.50 (2.56 - 4.77)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 7.29 (6.55 - 8.12) 2.86 (2.43 - 3.36)
LA SPA 1 and 5 7.78 (6.22 - 9.70) 2.74 (1.92 - 3.89)
LA SPA 2 7.06 (5.76 - 8.62) 2.61 (1.94 - 3.52)
LA SPA 3 6.47 (5.27 - 7.91) 2.80 (2.06 - 3.77)
LA SPA 4 8.07 (6.52 - 9.94) 3.15 (2.27 - 4.37)
LA SPA 6 7.54 (6.07 - 9.32) 3.10 (2.20 - 4.35)
LA SPA 7 7.70 (6.25 - 9.44) 2.72 (1.97 - 3.73)
LA SPA 8 7.17 (5.79 - 8.84) 3.11 (2.26 - 4.26)
Region 12R 7.25 (5.78 - 9.06) 3.22 (2.28 - 4.53)
Region 13 and 19R 7.55 (6.25 - 9.10) 2.79 (2.08 - 3.73)
Region 13 (Riverside) 7.55 (6.18 - 9.20) 2.78 (2.03 - 3.79)
Region 19R (Imperial) 7.52 (6.05 - 9.32) 2.96 (2.10 - 4.15)
Region 14 (Orange) 6.84 (5.70 - 8.17) 2.30 (1.76 - 2.99)
Region 15R (Fresno) 7.43 (6.01 - 9.15) 3.50 (2.51 - 4.87)
Region 16R (San Diego) 8.90   (7.46 - 10.60) 3.11 (2.40 - 4.02)
Region 17R 7.75 (6.38 - 9.39) 3.60 (2.69 - 4.82)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 7.09 (5.81 - 8.63) 2.88 (2.14 - 3.86)
Region 20R 7.40 (5.98 - 9.13) 3.01 (2.13 - 4.23)
Region 21R 8.60   (6.97 - 10.56) 3.27 (2.37 - 4.49)
130923

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.10 – Serious Mental Illness in Past Year and Any Mental Illness in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Serious Mental Illness in Past Year1 Any Mental Illness in Past Year2
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Serious mental illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment. Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
2 Any mental illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012; SMI and AMI Estimates Revised October 2013).
California 3.21 (2.75 - 3.75) 16.80 (15.69 - 17.97)
Region 1R 3.92 (2.90 - 5.27) 19.18 (16.24 - 22.52)
Region 2R 3.89 (2.88 - 5.23) 19.08 (16.14 - 22.40)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.59 (2.65 - 4.84) 18.09 (15.20 - 21.39)
Region 4R 3.00 (2.22 - 4.03) 16.99 (14.27 - 20.11)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.23 (2.34 - 4.43) 19.23 (16.10 - 22.80)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 2.90 (2.14 - 3.91) 15.12 (12.68 - 17.93)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 2.87 (2.08 - 3.94) 15.44 (12.81 - 18.49)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.00 (2.20 - 4.07) 16.22 (13.66 - 19.15)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 2.76 (2.00 - 3.80) 15.40 (12.76 - 18.46)
Region 10 3.43 (2.54 - 4.61) 17.77 (14.92 - 21.03)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.02 (2.51 - 3.62) 16.27 (14.86 - 17.79)
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.08 (2.27 - 4.16) 16.85 (14.08 - 20.04)
LA SPA 2 3.11 (2.32 - 4.16) 17.29 (14.63 - 20.31)
LA SPA 3 2.92 (2.16 - 3.95) 14.91 (12.50 - 17.68)
LA SPA 4 3.30 (2.43 - 4.47) 17.43 (14.66 - 20.60)
LA SPA 6 2.81 (2.05 - 3.84) 15.72 (13.25 - 18.55)
LA SPA 7 2.96 (2.17 - 4.03) 15.11 (12.56 - 18.06)
LA SPA 8 2.89 (2.14 - 3.89) 16.41 (13.83 - 19.37)
Region 12R 3.54 (2.56 - 4.85) 18.87 (15.64 - 22.60)
Region 13 and 19R 3.44 (2.60 - 4.53) 16.16 (13.78 - 18.86)
Region 13 (Riverside) 3.48 (2.61 - 4.64) 16.22 (13.70 - 19.10)
Region 19R (Imperial) 2.84 (2.05 - 3.93) 15.36 (12.69 - 18.46)
Region 14 (Orange) 3.11 (2.35 - 4.10) 17.20 (14.76 - 19.95)
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.19 (2.35 - 4.31) 16.01 (13.34 - 19.09)
Region 16R (San Diego) 3.15 (2.39 - 4.13) 16.94 (14.67 - 19.48)
Region 17R 3.58 (2.65 - 4.82) 16.19 (13.71 - 19.03)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.50 (2.62 - 4.67) 17.13 (14.70 - 19.87)
Region 20R 3.49 (2.53 - 4.79) 16.07 (13.40 - 19.16)
Region 21R 3.20 (2.36 - 4.32) 17.64 (14.82 - 20.86)
120620

CALIFORNIA

Table 5.11 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in Past Year and Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year in California among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs
State/Substate Region Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in
Past Year
Had at Least One Major Depressive
Episode in Past Year1
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
Estimate 95% Confidence
Interval
NOTE: For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
NOTE: Estimates along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
1 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For more details, see the "2008-2010 Substate Region Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).
California 3.47 (3.04 - 3.95) 5.97 (5.38 - 6.62)
Region 1R 4.22 (3.25 - 5.46) 7.12 (5.57 - 9.05)
Region 2R 3.82 (2.94 - 4.95) 7.19 (5.69 - 9.06)
Region 3R (Sacramento) 3.74 (2.86 - 4.89) 6.54 (5.15 - 8.27)
Region 4R 3.27 (2.51 - 4.24) 5.61 (4.34 - 7.22)
Region 5R (San Francisco) 3.55 (2.63 - 4.76) 6.55 (5.11 - 8.36)
Region 6 (Santa Clara) 3.15 (2.40 - 4.11) 5.11 (4.02 - 6.48)
Region 7R (Contra Costa) 3.27 (2.50 - 4.28) 5.48 (4.26 - 7.03)
Region 8R (Alameda) 3.41 (2.63 - 4.43) 5.57 (4.38 - 7.07)
Region 9R (San Mateo) 3.31 (2.49 - 4.38) 5.18 (3.95 - 6.78)
Region 10 4.17 (3.17 - 5.48) 6.71 (5.29 - 8.48)
Region 11 (Los Angeles) 3.36 (2.88 - 3.92) 5.76 (5.06 - 6.55)
LA SPA 1 and 5 3.57 (2.73 - 4.65) 6.08 (4.73 - 7.80)
LA SPA 2 3.51 (2.73 - 4.50) 5.91 (4.64 - 7.49)
LA SPA 3 3.26 (2.53 - 4.18) 5.33 (4.18 - 6.79)
LA SPA 4 3.37 (2.58 - 4.40) 6.23 (4.88 - 7.92)
LA SPA 6 3.45 (2.66 - 4.46) 5.47 (4.28 - 6.96)
LA SPA 7 3.20 (2.45 - 4.17) 5.52 (4.35 - 6.99)
LA SPA 8 3.22 (2.47 - 4.18) 5.84 (4.59 - 7.42)
Region 12R 3.39 (2.60 - 4.40) 6.55 (5.07 - 8.43)
Region 13 and 19R 3.37 (2.65 - 4.27) 6.25 (5.03 - 7.74)
Region 13 (Riverside) 3.39 (2.64 - 4.36) 6.33 (5.04 - 7.93)
Region 19R (Imperial) 3.04 (2.33 - 3.94) 5.12 (3.94 - 6.62)
Region 14 (Orange) 3.39 (2.66 - 4.33) 5.82 (4.68 - 7.22)
Region 15R (Fresno) 3.59 (2.74 - 4.68) 6.02 (4.70 - 7.68)
Region 16R (San Diego) 3.61 (2.82 - 4.60) 5.88 (4.75 - 7.26)
Region 17R 3.51 (2.73 - 4.49) 5.86 (4.65 - 7.35)
Region 18R (San Bernardino) 3.34 (2.58 - 4.31) 6.36 (5.07 - 7.94)
Region 20R 3.29 (2.48 - 4.34) 6.06 (4.73 - 7.72)
Region 21R 3.57 (2.73 - 4.66) 5.97 (4.72 - 7.53)

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Figure 5.1 Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.1

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.2 Marijuana Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.2

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.3 Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.3

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.4

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.5 First Use of Marijuana among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Average Annual Rates Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.5

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.6

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.7 Cocaine Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.7

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.8

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.9 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.9

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.10 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.10

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.11

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.12 Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.12

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.13 Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20 in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.13

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.14 Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.14

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.15 Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.15

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.16 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.16

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.17 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.17

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.18 Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.18

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.19 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.19

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.20 Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.20

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.21 Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.21

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.22

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.23 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.23

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.24 Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.24

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012 and October 2013).

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Figure 5.25 Any Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.25

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012 and October 2013).

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Figure 5.26 Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.26

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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Figure 5.27 Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older in California, by Substate Region: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008, 2009, and 2010 NSDUHs

Figure 5.27

NOTE: The legend's ranges were created by dividing 362 substate regions, nationally, into 7 groups based on the magnitude of their percentages. For substate region definitions, see the "2008-2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health Substate Region Definitions" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/substate2k10/toc.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008, 2009, and 2010 (Revised March 2012).

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