Substate Region Estimates Categorized into Seven Groups from Lowest to Highest Estimate, by Age Group: Annual Averages Based on 2006, 2007, and 2008 NSDUHs
Table Age Group Number of
Estimates
Suppressed1
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Group 7
-- Not available.
NOTE: These scales are a companion piece to the 2006-2008 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health: Substate Age Group Tables. Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: All 383 substate regions were used to create these groups. Estimates for these 383 substate regions have been ranked from lowest to highest for each outcome and age group and divided into 7 categories. The three lowest groups (shown in blue) represent the lowest third of the estimates, with the lowest group having 17 regions, the next lowest group having 35 regions, and the next lowest group having 76 regions each (except in cases of ties where the numbers may vary a little). The three highest groups (shown in red) were created similarly. The middle group (shown in white) represents the 127 regions that fall into the middle third. The only exception to the colors were the three perception of risk outcomes, which have the highest estimates represented in blue and the lowest estimates represented in red to the reflect the inverse relationship between substance use and perception of risk of using that substance. In some cases, a group (or category) could have more or fewer substate regions because two or more substate regions had the same estimate when rounded to two decimal places. When such ties occurred at the "boundary" between two groups, all substate regions that had the same estimate were assigned to the lower group.
1 For details on the suppression criteria, see the 2006-2008 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health: Substate Age Group Tables.
2 The average annual rates for the first use of marijuana were low for the 26 or older age group and had an abbreviated range; therefore, no substate region grouping has been made for this age group.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006, 2007, and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
 
Table 1. Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 9 7.28 or lower 7.29 - 7.99 8.00 - 8.91 8.92 - 10.25 10.26 - 11.42 11.43 - 12.51 12.52 or higher
18 to 25 68 12.96 or lower 12.97 - 15.58 15.59 - 18.02 18.03 - 21.31 21.32 - 24.67 24.68 - 27.81 27.82 or higher
26 or older 6 3.52 or lower 3.53 - 4.17 4.18 - 5.04 5.05 - 6.45 6.46 - 7.80 7.81 - 9.29 9.30 or higher
18 or older 0 5.15 or lower 5.16 - 5.95 5.96 - 7.00 7.01 - 8.74 8.75 - 10.16 10.17 - 11.94 11.95 or higher
12 or older 0 5.46 or lower 5.47 - 6.16 6.17 - 7.23 7.24 - 8.85 8.86 - 10.25 10.26 - 11.89 11.90 or higher
 
Table 2. Marijuana Use in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 9.62 or lower 9.63 - 10.46 10.47 - 11.91 11.92 - 14.14 14.15 - 15.95 15.96 - 17.84 17.85 or higher
18 to 25 112 18.21 or lower 18.22 - 21.49 21.50 - 25.07 25.08 - 30.61 30.62 - 35.47 35.48 - 39.29 39.30 or higher
26 or older 5 4.07 or lower 4.08 - 4.90 4.91 - 5.78 5.79 - 7.52 7.53 - 9.30 9.31 - 10.84 10.85 or higher
18 or older 0 6.37 or lower 6.38 - 7.32 7.33 - 8.76 8.77 - 10.84 10.85 - 13.15 13.16 - 15.68 15.69 or higher
12 or older 0 6.84 or lower 6.85 - 7.66 7.67 - 9.13 9.14 - 11.14 11.15 - 13.46 13.47 - 15.72 15.73 or higher
 
Table 3. Marijuana Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 10 4.56 or lower 4.57 - 5.19 5.20 - 6.14 6.15 - 7.34 7.35 - 8.59 8.60 - 9.58 9.59 or higher
18 to 25 75 10.27 or lower 10.28 - 12.04 12.05 - 14.75 14.76 - 17.85 17.86 - 21.52 21.53 - 25.21 25.22 or higher
26 or older 8 2.45 or lower 2.46 - 2.83 2.84 - 3.34 3.35 - 4.54 4.55 - 5.87 5.88 - 7.14 7.15 or higher
18 or older 0 3.68 or lower 3.69 - 4.31 4.32 - 4.99 5.00 - 6.54 6.55 - 8.25 8.26 - 10.05 10.06 or higher
12 or older 0 3.83 or lower 3.84 - 4.44 4.45 - 5.11 5.12 - 6.60 6.61 - 8.37 8.38 - 9.98 9.99 or higher
 
Table 4. First Use of Marijuana 12 to 17 9 3.82 or lower 3.83 - 4.28 4.29 - 5.14 5.15 - 6.21 6.22 - 7.23 7.24 - 8.24 8.25 or higher
18 to 25 6 4.05 or lower 4.06 - 4.91 4.92 - 5.99 6.00 - 7.43 7.44 - 8.88 8.89 - 10.42 10.43 or higher
26 or older2 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --
18 or older 8 0.63 or lower 0.64 - 0.71 0.72 - 0.86 0.87 - 1.09 1.10 - 1.33 1.34 - 1.58 1.59 or higher
12 or older 0 1.09 or lower 1.10 - 1.26 1.27 - 1.50 1.51 - 1.90 1.91 - 2.21 2.22 - 2.58 2.59 or higher
 
Table 5. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 12 to 17 32 25.52 or lower 25.53 - 28.73 28.74 - 32.61 32.62 - 36.38 36.39 - 39.89 39.90 - 42.37 42.38 or higher
18 to 25 25 14.10 or lower 14.11 - 17.51 17.52 - 21.19 21.20 - 25.12 25.13 - 28.93 28.94 - 31.65 31.66 or higher
26 or older 23 29.05 or lower 29.06 - 33.12 33.13 - 38.48 38.49 - 43.76 43.77 - 48.04 48.05 - 51.14 51.15 or higher
18 or older 3 27.11 or lower 27.12 - 30.77 30.78 - 36.10 36.11 - 40.91 40.92 - 44.96 44.97 - 48.20 48.21 or higher
12 or older 0 26.89 or lower 26.90 - 30.55 30.56 - 35.68 35.69 - 40.44 40.45 - 43.97 43.98 - 47.53 47.54 or higher
 
Table 6. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month 12 to 17 10 3.69 or lower 3.70 - 4.07 4.08 - 4.41 4.42 - 4.91 4.92 - 5.33 5.34 - 5.68 5.69 or higher
18 to 25 6 5.89 or lower 5.90 - 6.75 6.76 - 7.75 7.76 - 9.00 9.01 - 9.98 9.99 - 11.30 11.31 or higher
26 or older 15 1.66 or lower 1.67 - 2.13 2.14 - 2.46 2.47 - 2.95 2.96 - 3.36 3.37 - 3.81 3.82 or higher
18 or older 1 2.50 or lower 2.51 - 2.89 2.90 - 3.28 3.29 - 3.82 3.83 - 4.33 4.34 - 4.74 4.75 or higher
12 or older 0 2.61 or lower 2.62 - 3.02 3.03 - 3.39 3.40 - 3.93 3.94 - 4.42 4.43 - 4.84 4.85 or higher
 
Table 7. Cocaine Use in the Past Year 12 to 17 51 0.85 or lower 0.86 - 1.14 1.15 - 1.30 1.31 - 1.53 1.54 - 1.74 1.75 - 1.90 1.91 or higher
18 to 25 7 4.15 or lower 4.16 - 4.91 4.92 - 5.80 5.81 - 6.83 6.84 - 7.84 7.85 - 8.94 8.95 or higher
26 or older 38 0.88 or lower 0.89 - 1.10 1.11 - 1.40 1.41 - 1.77 1.78 - 2.24 2.25 - 2.95 2.96 or higher
18 or older 1 1.46 or lower 1.47 - 1.78 1.79 - 2.08 2.09 - 2.51 2.52 - 2.95 2.96 - 3.72 3.73 or higher
12 or older 0 1.42 or lower 1.43 - 1.73 1.74 - 2.01 2.02 - 2.41 2.42 - 2.80 2.81 - 3.54 3.55 or higher
 
Table 8. Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 4.62 or lower 4.63 - 5.39 5.40 - 6.40 6.41 - 7.52 7.53 - 8.36 8.37 - 9.18 9.19 or higher
18 to 25 8 8.15 or lower 8.16 - 9.74 9.75 - 11.48 11.49 - 13.89 13.90 - 15.59 15.60 - 17.20 17.21 or higher
26 or older 10 2.27 or lower 2.28 - 2.69 2.70 - 3.13 3.14 - 3.78 3.79 - 4.41 4.42 - 4.82 4.83 or higher
18 or older 0 3.30 or lower 3.31 - 3.77 3.78 - 4.39 4.40 - 5.22 5.23 - 5.88 5.89 - 6.60 6.61 or higher
12 or older 0 3.46 or lower 3.47 - 3.93 3.94 - 4.63 4.64 - 5.46 5.47 - 6.14 6.15 - 6.85 6.86 or higher
 
Table 9. Alcohol Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 10 11.62 or lower 11.63 - 13.27 13.28 - 14.80 14.81 - 17.20 17.21 - 19.16 19.17 - 20.99 21.00 or higher
18 to 25 141 47.91 or lower 47.92 - 53.06 53.07 - 58.78 58.79 - 65.93 65.94 - 70.83 70.84 - 74.46 74.47 or higher
26 or older 99 36.84 or lower 36.85 - 42.77 42.78 - 50.53 50.54 - 57.84 57.85 - 62.71 62.72 - 66.53 66.54 or higher
18 or older 41 38.51 or lower 38.52 - 44.58 44.59 - 51.86 51.87 - 58.94 58.95 - 63.80 63.81 - 67.70 67.71 or higher
12 or older 0 35.35 or lower 35.36 - 41.28 41.29 - 47.98 47.99 - 54.86 54.87 - 59.45 59.46 - 63.24 63.25 or higher
 
Table 10. Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 9 6.48 or lower 6.49 - 8.02 8.03 - 9.03 9.04 - 10.81 10.82 - 12.09 12.10 - 13.29 13.30 or higher
18 to 25 185 29.89 or lower 29.90 - 34.49 34.50 - 38.95 38.96 - 46.64 46.65 - 51.08 51.09 - 55.69 55.70 or higher
26 or older 4 17.17 or lower 17.18 - 19.06 19.07 - 20.70 20.71 - 23.33 23.34 - 25.14 25.15 - 27.31 27.32 or higher
18 or older 0 19.45 or lower 19.46 - 21.41 21.42 - 23.42 23.43 - 26.43 26.44 - 29.03 29.04 - 32.04 32.05 or higher
12 or older 0 18.14 or lower 18.15 - 20.14 20.15 - 22.04 22.05 - 24.87 24.88 - 27.46 27.47 - 30.02 30.03 or higher
 
Table 11. Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week 12 to 17 9 33.01 or lower 33.02 - 34.37 34.38 - 36.31 36.32 - 40.10 40.11 - 42.99 43.00 - 46.74 46.75 or higher
18 to 25 21 22.19 or lower 22.20 - 24.77 24.78 - 27.96 27.97 - 34.23 34.24 - 38.52 38.53 - 42.75 42.76 or higher
26 or older 4 36.27 or lower 36.28 - 38.19 38.20 - 40.39 40.40 - 44.59 44.60 - 47.67 47.68 - 51.35 51.36 or higher
18 or older 0 34.11 or lower 34.12 - 36.13 36.14 - 38.43 38.44 - 42.91 42.92 - 45.90 45.91 - 50.01 50.02 or higher
12 or older 0 34.03 or lower 34.04 - 36.03 36.04 - 38.19 38.20 - 42.47 42.48 - 45.58 45.59 - 49.50 49.51 or higher
 
Table 12. Underage Alcohol Use in the Past Month 12 to 20 0 20.00 or lower 20.01 - 23.18 23.19 - 26.13 26.14 - 30.42 30.43 - 33.61 33.62 - 37.18 37.19 or higher
 
Table 13. Underage Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month 12 to 20 0 12.75 or lower 12.76 - 14.88 14.89 - 17.04 17.05 - 20.73 20.74 - 23.83 23.84 - 26.62 26.63 or higher
 
Table 14. Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 11 7.97 or lower 7.98 - 9.59 9.60 - 11.95 11.96 - 14.66 14.67 - 16.50 16.51 - 18.53 18.54 or higher
18 to 25 89 30.77 or lower 30.78 - 37.14 37.15 - 42.71 42.72 - 48.52 48.53 - 52.42 52.43 - 55.04 55.05 or higher
26 or older 4 20.82 or lower 20.83 - 24.44 24.45 - 28.27 28.28 - 32.38 32.39 - 35.43 35.44 - 38.02 38.03 or higher
18 or older 0 22.77 or lower 22.78 - 26.61 26.62 - 30.38 30.39 - 34.58 34.59 - 37.61 37.62 - 40.11 40.12 or higher
12 or older 0 21.15 or lower 21.16 - 24.93 24.94 - 28.72 28.73 - 32.56 32.57 - 35.61 35.62 - 38.03 38.04 or higher
 
Table 15. Cigarette Use in the Past Month 12 to 17 9 6.37 or lower 6.38 - 7.53 7.54 - 9.62 9.63 - 11.66 11.67 - 13.11 13.12 - 14.45 14.46 or higher
18 to 25 118 26.90 or lower 26.91 - 32.26 32.27 - 36.95 36.96 - 42.14 42.15 - 45.28 45.29 - 48.20 48.21 or higher
26 or older 4 18.10 or lower 18.11 - 20.95 20.96 - 23.54 23.55 - 27.03 27.04 - 29.43 29.44 - 31.65 31.66 or higher
18 or older 0 19.80 or lower 19.81 - 22.77 22.78 - 25.54 25.55 - 29.23 29.24 - 31.58 31.59 - 33.54 33.55 or higher
12 or older 0 18.31 or lower 18.32 - 21.31 21.32 - 23.99 24.00 - 27.37 27.38 - 29.74 29.75 - 31.62 31.63 or higher
 
Table 16. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 12 to 17 9 63.73 or lower 63.74 - 65.51 65.52 - 67.15 67.16 - 69.41 69.42 - 71.21 71.22 - 72.57 72.58 or higher
18 to 25 7 61.62 or lower 61.63 - 63.65 63.66 - 66.32 66.33 - 70.11 70.12 - 73.77 73.78 - 75.81 75.82 or higher
26 or older 4 66.84 or lower 66.85 - 69.02 69.03 - 71.73 71.74 - 75.57 75.58 - 78.46 78.47 - 80.41 80.42 or higher
18 or older 0 66.25 or lower 66.26 - 68.44 68.45 - 71.01 71.02 - 74.70 74.71 - 77.64 77.65 - 79.60 79.61 or higher
12 or older 0 66.10 or lower 66.11 - 68.21 68.22 - 70.65 70.66 - 74.12 74.13 - 77.02 77.03 - 78.74 78.75 or higher
 
Table 17. Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 3.54 or lower 3.55 - 4.20 4.21 - 4.90 4.91 - 5.91 5.92 - 6.76 6.77 - 7.51 7.52 or higher
18 to 25 26 12.53 or lower 12.54 - 14.18 14.19 - 16.49 16.50 - 19.09 19.10 - 21.34 21.35 - 23.74 23.75 or higher
26 or older 4 4.83 or lower 4.84 - 5.22 5.23 - 5.83 5.84 - 6.54 6.55 - 7.20 7.21 - 7.93 7.94 or higher
18 or older 0 6.13 or lower 6.14 - 6.60 6.61 - 7.41 7.42 - 8.35 8.36 - 9.25 9.26 - 10.37 10.38 or higher
12 or older 0 5.87 or lower 5.88 - 6.39 6.40 - 7.17 7.18 - 8.10 8.11 - 8.91 8.92 - 10.03 10.04 or higher
 
Table 18. Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year 12 to 17 27 1.48 or lower 1.49 - 1.69 1.70 - 1.90 1.91 - 2.13 2.14 - 2.36 2.37 - 2.61 2.62 or higher
18 to 25 6 5.74 or lower 5.75 - 6.30 6.31 - 7.08 7.09 - 7.99 8.00 - 8.72 8.73 - 9.69 9.70 or higher
26 or older 13 2.40 or lower 2.41 - 2.54 2.55 - 2.75 2.76 - 3.10 3.11 - 3.42 3.43 - 3.82 3.83 or higher
18 or older 1 2.95 or lower 2.96 - 3.15 3.16 - 3.43 3.44 - 3.83 3.84 - 4.21 4.22 - 4.51 4.52 or higher
12 or older 0 2.85 or lower 2.86 - 3.04 3.05 - 3.28 3.29 - 3.63 3.64 - 4.00 4.01 - 4.29 4.30 or higher
 
Table 19. Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year 12 to 17 10 3.69 or lower 3.70 - 3.99 4.00 - 4.33 4.34 - 4.80 4.81 - 5.16 5.17 - 5.49 5.50 or higher
18 to 25 14 5.71 or lower 5.72 - 6.34 6.35 - 7.38 7.39 - 8.75 8.76 - 9.81 9.82 - 10.71 10.72 or higher
26 or older 30 1.07 or lower 1.08 - 1.29 1.30 - 1.52 1.53 - 1.79 1.80 - 2.10 2.11 - 2.41 2.42 or higher
18 or older 1 1.81 or lower 1.82 - 2.14 2.15 - 2.40 2.41 - 2.80 2.81 - 3.18 3.19 - 3.57 3.58 or higher
12 or older 0 2.00 or lower 2.01 - 2.35 2.36 - 2.61 2.62 - 3.00 3.01 - 3.36 3.37 - 3.72 3.73 or higher
 
Table 20. Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year 12 to 17 22 2.00 or lower 2.01 - 2.18 2.19 - 2.35 2.36 - 2.61 2.62 - 2.84 2.85 - 3.05 3.06 or higher
18 to 25 9 4.03 or lower 4.04 - 4.37 4.38 - 5.07 5.08 - 6.03 6.04 - 6.90 6.91 - 7.58 7.59 or higher
26 or older 49 0.78 or lower 0.79 - 0.95 0.96 - 1.12 1.13 - 1.30 1.31 - 1.49 1.50 - 1.86 1.87 or higher
18 or older 1 1.29 or lower 1.30 - 1.50 1.51 - 1.71 1.72 - 1.97 1.98 - 2.28 2.29 - 2.64 2.65 or higher
12 or older 0 1.38 or lower 1.39 - 1.58 1.59 - 1.78 1.79 - 2.04 2.05 - 2.35 2.36 - 2.63 2.64 or higher
 
Table 21. Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 5.85 or lower 5.86 - 6.74 6.75 - 7.55 7.56 - 8.60 8.61 - 9.30 9.31 - 9.98 9.99 or higher
18 to 25 44 16.31 or lower 16.32 - 17.97 17.98 - 20.01 20.02 - 22.81 22.82 - 25.26 25.27 - 26.85 26.86 or higher
26 or older 4 5.65 or lower 5.66 - 6.20 6.21 - 6.77 6.78 - 7.60 7.61 - 8.21 8.22 - 9.05 9.06 or higher
18 or older 0 7.18 or lower 7.19 - 7.98 7.99 - 8.84 8.85 - 9.78 9.79 - 10.80 10.81 - 11.78 11.79 or higher
12 or older 0 7.14 or lower 7.15 - 7.89 7.90 - 8.71 8.72 - 9.64 9.65 - 10.59 10.60 - 11.61 11.62 or higher
 
Table 22. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year 12 to 17 10 3.33 or lower 3.34 - 3.66 3.67 - 4.02 4.03 - 4.43 4.44 - 4.79 4.80 - 5.19 5.20 or higher
18 to 25 12 5.25 or lower 5.26 - 5.77 5.78 - 6.79 6.80 - 8.15 8.16 - 9.11 9.12 - 10.05 10.06 or higher
26 or older 37 0.92 or lower 0.93 - 1.10 1.11 - 1.32 1.33 - 1.56 1.57 - 1.83 1.84 - 2.07 2.08 or higher
18 or older 1 1.63 or lower 1.64 - 1.87 1.88 - 2.14 2.15 - 2.53 2.54 - 2.84 2.85 - 3.17 3.18 or higher
12 or older 0 1.79 or lower 1.80 - 2.07 2.08 - 2.35 2.36 - 2.70 2.71 - 3.01 3.02 - 3.38 3.39 or higher
 
Table 23. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 3.49 or lower 3.50 - 4.12 4.13 - 4.78 4.79 - 5.60 5.61 - 6.35 6.36 - 7.00 7.01 or higher
18 to 25 17 12.27 or lower 12.28 - 13.50 13.51 - 15.77 15.78 - 18.08 18.09 - 20.67 20.68 - 22.67 22.68 or higher
26 or older 4 4.53 or lower 4.54 - 4.97 4.98 - 5.52 5.53 - 6.15 6.16 - 6.72 6.73 - 7.38 7.39 or higher
18 or older 0 5.77 or lower 5.78 - 6.27 6.28 - 7.03 7.04 - 7.89 7.90 - 8.75 8.76 - 9.86 9.87 or higher
12 or older 0 5.56 or lower 5.57 - 6.07 6.08 - 6.84 6.85 - 7.66 7.67 - 8.47 8.48 - 9.54 9.55 or higher
 
Table 24. Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year 12 to 17 9 7.21 or lower 7.22 - 7.52 7.53 - 7.96 7.97 - 8.58 8.59 - 9.03 9.04 - 9.47 9.48 or higher
18 to 25 7 7.01 or lower 7.02 - 7.53 7.54 - 8.07 8.08 - 8.77 8.78 - 9.47 9.48 - 9.97 9.98 or higher
26 or older 4 5.12 or lower 5.13 - 5.52 5.53 - 6.14 6.15 - 6.82 6.83 - 7.59 7.60 - 8.09 8.10 or higher
18 or older 0 5.46 or lower 5.47 - 5.85 5.86 - 6.44 6.45 - 7.10 7.11 - 7.84 7.85 - 8.27 8.28 or higher

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