2011-2012
National Surveys on Drug Use and Health: Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands)
(50 States and the District of Columbia)

131024
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 23,159 (22,494 - 23,841) 2,449 (2,361 - 2,541) 7,367 (7,167 - 7,571) 13,343 (12,733 - 13,979) 20,710 (20,052 - 21,385)
Northeast 4,415 (4,176 - 4,669) 421 (393 - 452) 1,448 (1,385 - 1,513) 2,546 (2,330 - 2,780) 3,993 (3,761 - 4,241)
Midwest 4,842 (4,629 - 5,060) 514 (486 - 543) 1,525 (1,465 - 1,586) 2,803 (2,618 - 2,998) 4,328 (4,121 - 4,540)
South 7,319 (6,990 - 7,663) 840 (795 - 888) 2,411 (2,320 - 2,505) 4,068 (3,780 - 4,376) 6,479 (6,158 - 6,815)
West 6,584 (6,239 - 6,944) 674 (627 - 724) 1,983 (1,890 - 2,079) 3,927 (3,611 - 4,268) 5,910 (5,572 - 6,264)
Alabama 308 (260 - 366) 35 (28 - 42) 94   (80 - 110) 180 (140 - 230) 274 (227 - 329)
Alaska 80 (70 - 93) 6 (5 - 8) 21 (19 - 24) 53 (43 - 64) 74 (63 - 86)
Arizona 509 (429 - 603) 61 (50 - 75) 147 (125 - 171) 301 (236 - 384) 448 (372 - 538)
Arkansas 182 (153 - 218) 22 (17 - 27) 56 (47 - 65) 105   (81 - 136) 161 (133 - 195)
California 3,437 (3,161 - 3,736) 353 (315 - 394) 1,078 (1,001 - 1,160) 2,006 (1,757 - 2,287) 3,084 (2,814 - 3,378)
Colorado 518 (441 - 604) 52 (43 - 63) 166 (145 - 188) 300 (236 - 380) 466 (392 - 550)
Connecticut 290 (246 - 341) 30 (25 - 37) 95   (83 - 109) 165 (128 - 212) 260 (217 - 310)
Delaware 71 (61 - 84) 8 (7 - 10) 23 (20 - 27) 40 (31 - 50) 63 (53 - 75)
District of Columbia 73 (63 - 85) 4 (3 - 5) 26 (23 - 29) 43 (34 - 53) 69 (59 - 80)
Florida 1,352 (1,227 - 1,489) 126 (112 - 141) 416 (384 - 451) 810 (698 - 938) 1,226 (1,104 - 1,361)
Georgia 593 (499 - 704) 80 (65 - 98) 201 (170 - 237) 312 (240 - 406) 513 (425 - 619)
Hawaii 109   (92 - 129) 11   (9 - 14) 31 (26 - 36) 67 (52 - 86) 98   (81 - 117)
Idaho 92   (76 - 110) 13 (10 - 15) 28 (23 - 34) 51 (39 - 67) 79 (65 - 97)
Illinois 931 (846 - 1,023) 92   (82 - 104) 311 (288 - 336) 527 (454 - 611) 838 (757 - 928)
Indiana 457 (384 - 542) 48 (39 - 60) 149 (128 - 173) 260 (201 - 334) 409 (340 - 491)
Iowa 190 (158 - 226) 21 (17 - 25) 66 (55 - 77) 103   (79 - 134) 169 (139 - 204)
Kansas 127 (103 - 155) 17 (14 - 22) 43 (36 - 53) 66 (48 - 91) 109   (87 - 137)
Kentucky 259 (219 - 308) 27 (22 - 33) 88   (75 - 103) 145 (112 - 186) 233 (194 - 279)
Louisiana 260 (221 - 305) 28 (23 - 34) 84 (72 - 98) 148 (116 - 187) 232 (195 - 276)
Maine 114   (96 - 134) 10   (9 - 13) 31 (27 - 36) 72 (57 - 91) 103   (86 - 124)
Maryland 356 (298 - 425) 42 (34 - 52) 121 (103 - 141) 193 (148 - 252) 314 (259 - 380)
Massachusetts 616 (527 - 717) 61 (51 - 72) 209 (184 - 237) 345 (271 - 438) 555 (469 - 655)
Michigan 905 (833 - 982) 95   (85 - 106) 261 (243 - 280) 549 (483 - 622) 810 (740 - 885)
Minnesota 369 (309 - 438) 40 (33 - 49) 109   (92 - 130) 219 (172 - 278) 329 (272 - 396)
Mississippi 188 (158 - 222) 23 (19 - 28) 61 (52 - 71) 104   (80 - 135) 165 (137 - 198)
Missouri 372 (312 - 441) 46 (37 - 56) 127 (108 - 149) 199 (152 - 258) 326 (270 - 392)
Montana 97   (84 - 111) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (26 - 34) 58 (47 - 71) 88   (75 - 102)
Nebraska 102   (84 - 121) 12 (10 - 15) 34 (29 - 41) 55 (42 - 72) 90   (73 - 108)
Nevada 250 (208 - 299) 25 (20 - 30) 65 (55 - 77) 160 (125 - 204) 225 (185 - 273)
New Hampshire 117 (100 - 136) 12 (10 - 14) 40 (35 - 45) 65 (51 - 82) 105   (89 - 123)
New Jersey 592 (492 - 711) 65 (52 - 81) 201 (172 - 232) 326 (246 - 431) 527 (432 - 641)
New Mexico 192 (163 - 225) 23 (19 - 27) 55 (48 - 64) 114   (89 - 145) 169 (141 - 201)
New York 1,603 (1,459 - 1,761) 138 (122 - 156) 528 (489 - 570) 937    (808 - 1,084) 1,465 (1,324 - 1,620)
North Carolina 626 (524 - 743) 73 (60 - 89) 221 (188 - 258) 332 (253 - 432) 553 (456 - 666)
North Dakota 36 (29 - 43) 3 (3 - 4) 15 (12 - 18) 18 (13 - 24) 32 (26 - 40)
Ohio 917 (845 - 996) 91   (82 - 102) 272 (251 - 293) 554 (489 - 628) 826 (755 - 903)
Oklahoma 258 (215 - 309) 28 (23 - 35) 75 (63 - 88) 155 (120 - 201) 230 (189 - 279)
Oregon 454 (392 - 524) 34 (28 - 41) 114 (100 - 128) 306 (250 - 372) 420 (359 - 489)
Pennsylvania 867 (784 - 959) 86 (76 - 97) 275 (252 - 300) 506 (433 - 591) 782 (700 - 872)
Rhode Island 140 (122 - 159) 12 (10 - 14) 44 (39 - 48) 84   (69 - 103) 128 (111 - 147)
South Carolina 345 (292 - 406) 36 (30 - 44) 110   (95 - 126) 199 (157 - 253) 309 (258 - 368)
South Dakota 47 (39 - 57) 5 (4 - 6) 14 (11 - 16) 29 (22 - 37) 42 (34 - 52)
Tennessee 381 (318 - 455) 43 (34 - 53) 123 (105 - 144) 215 (165 - 279) 338 (278 - 410)
Texas 1,457 (1,315 - 1,613) 203 (180 - 229) 494 (449 - 542) 760 (642 - 899) 1,254 (1,118 - 1,406)
Utah 132 (109 - 160) 18 (14 - 23) 47 (38 - 58) 67 (50 - 89) 114   (92 - 140)
Vermont 77 (67 - 87) 7 (6 - 8) 24 (22 - 27) 45 (37 - 55) 70 (60 - 80)
Virginia 499 (419 - 594) 53 (43 - 65) 179 (152 - 209) 267 (205 - 347) 446 (370 - 538)
Washington 680 (586 - 786) 64 (54 - 76) 191 (168 - 215) 425 (343 - 523) 615 (524 - 720)
West Virginia 110   (93 - 130) 11   (9 - 14) 40 (34 - 45) 59 (45 - 78) 99   (82 - 118)
Wisconsin 391 (326 - 466) 44 (36 - 54) 123 (105 - 144) 224 (172 - 289) 347 (286 - 420)
Wyoming 33 (27 - 40) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (8 - 11) 20 (15 - 26) 30 (24 - 36)
131024
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 30,627 (29,874 - 31,395) 3,458 (3,354 - 3,566) 10,721 (10,478 - 10,966) 16,448 (15,782 - 17,138) 27,169 (26,428 - 27,926)
Northeast 6,080 (5,808 - 6,367) 617 (583 - 652) 2,183 (2,107 - 2,261) 3,280 (3,037 - 3,542) 5,464 (5,199 - 5,743)
Midwest 6,422 (6,168 - 6,682) 718 (685 - 752) 2,275 (2,207 - 2,345) 3,429 (3,210 - 3,659) 5,704 (5,458 - 5,956)
South 9,671   (9,285 - 10,072) 1,170 (1,112 - 1,230) 3,524 (3,409 - 3,641) 4,977 (4,651 - 5,325) 8,501 (8,134 - 8,884)
West 8,453 (8,070 - 8,850) 954    (897 - 1,013) 2,738 (2,632 - 2,847) 4,761 (4,416 - 5,130) 7,499 (7,127 - 7,887)
Alabama 362 (311 - 420) 42 (35 - 50) 126 (111 - 143) 193 (153 - 243) 320 (272 - 376)
Alaska 111   (97 - 125) 10   (9 - 12) 31 (28 - 34) 69 (57 - 83) 100   (87 - 115)
Arizona 627 (536 - 732) 77 (65 - 92) 207 (184 - 232) 343 (268 - 436) 550 (464 - 650)
Arkansas 227 (193 - 266) 29 (24 - 34) 80 (70 - 90) 119   (91 - 154) 198 (166 - 236)
California 4,379 (4,080 - 4,699) 509 (464 - 559) 1,483 (1,396 - 1,573) 2,387 (2,120 - 2,683) 3,870 (3,580 - 4,182)
Colorado 686 (601 - 779) 70 (60 - 82) 219 (199 - 240) 397 (324 - 484) 616 (534 - 706)
Connecticut 413 (360 - 472) 47 (40 - 55) 144 (130 - 158) 221 (177 - 275) 365 (315 - 423)
Delaware 107   (94 - 122) 12 (10 - 13) 39 (36 - 43) 56 (46 - 69) 96   (83 - 110)
District of Columbia 107   (95 - 119) 5 (5 - 6) 41 (37 - 44) 60 (50 - 72) 101   (90 - 114)
Florida 1,800 (1,650 - 1,963) 179 (162 - 198) 614 (579 - 651) 1,006    (871 - 1,160) 1,620 (1,475 - 1,780)
Georgia 778 (665 - 908) 103   (87 - 123) 283 (248 - 322) 391 (303 - 502) 675 (568 - 799)
Hawaii 150 (129 - 173) 16 (14 - 19) 44 (39 - 49) 90   (73 - 111) 134 (114 - 156)
Idaho 123 (105 - 144) 18 (15 - 21) 42 (36 - 47) 63 (49 - 81) 105   (88 - 125)
Illinois 1,217 (1,124 - 1,317) 134 (122 - 148) 451 (424 - 478) 631 (550 - 724) 1,082    (992 - 1,181)
Indiana 580 (499 - 672) 64 (54 - 77) 214 (191 - 238) 302 (237 - 383) 516 (439 - 604)
Iowa 263 (226 - 305) 30 (26 - 36) 101   (89 - 114) 131 (102 - 168) 233 (198 - 273)
Kansas 195 (165 - 230) 27 (23 - 33) 77 (67 - 88) 91   (68 - 121) 168 (140 - 201)
Kentucky 342 (295 - 396) 40 (34 - 47) 122 (108 - 138) 179 (141 - 227) 302 (257 - 354)
Louisiana 367 (318 - 421) 39 (33 - 46) 129 (115 - 145) 198 (158 - 247) 327 (281 - 380)
Maine 163 (142 - 187) 15 (13 - 18) 47 (42 - 52) 101   (82 - 124) 148 (127 - 172)
Maryland 512 (442 - 593) 64 (54 - 76) 209 (188 - 231) 239 (184 - 309) 448 (381 - 525)
Massachusetts 868 (763 - 985) 88   (77 - 101) 311 (284 - 340) 468 (379 - 576) 780 (678 - 894)
Michigan 1,152 (1,071 - 1,239) 122 (111 - 134) 378 (358 - 399) 652 (578 - 734) 1,030    (951 - 1,115)
Minnesota 527 (456 - 605) 58 (49 - 68) 193 (171 - 216) 276 (220 - 345) 469 (402 - 544)
Mississippi 224 (191 - 262) 28 (23 - 33) 83 (73 - 94) 113   (88 - 146) 197 (166 - 233)
Missouri 511 (443 - 588) 63 (54 - 74) 187 (166 - 209) 261 (207 - 328) 448 (384 - 522)
Montana 135 (119 - 152) 14 (12 - 16) 41 (37 - 45) 80 (66 - 95) 121 (105 - 137)
Nebraska 139 (119 - 161) 18 (15 - 21) 53 (47 - 60) 68 (53 - 86) 121 (103 - 142)
Nevada 326 (276 - 384) 37 (31 - 44) 90   (80 - 102) 199 (156 - 251) 289 (241 - 344)
New Hampshire 165 (145 - 188) 18 (16 - 21) 59 (54 - 64) 88   (71 - 109) 147 (127 - 169)
New Jersey 770 (658 - 899) 94   (79 - 111) 296 (265 - 329) 380 (291 - 494) 676 (570 - 799)
New Mexico 245 (213 - 281) 33 (28 - 38) 75 (67 - 83) 138 (111 - 171) 213 (182 - 247)
New York 2,226 (2,062 - 2,401) 204 (185 - 226) 782 (738 - 827) 1,239 (1,092 - 1,404) 2,021 (1,862 - 2,193)
North Carolina 825 (707 - 956) 104   (87 - 123) 316 (280 - 354) 405 (315 - 518) 721 (610 - 846)
North Dakota 55 (47 - 64) 6 (5 - 7) 25 (22 - 28) 25 (19 - 32) 50 (42 - 58)
Ohio 1,221 (1,132 - 1,315) 131 (119 - 144) 393 (370 - 416) 697 (618 - 785) 1,090 (1,003 - 1,183)
Oklahoma 322 (275 - 375) 38 (31 - 45) 108   (95 - 122) 176 (138 - 224) 284 (240 - 335)
Oregon 573 (504 - 647) 49 (42 - 57) 155 (141 - 170) 368 (308 - 439) 524 (457 - 597)
Pennsylvania 1,198 (1,105 - 1,298) 124 (112 - 138) 449 (420 - 478) 624 (544 - 716) 1,073    (983 - 1,172)
Rhode Island 174 (155 - 195) 16 (13 - 18) 61 (56 - 66) 98   (81 - 117) 159 (140 - 179)
South Carolina 447 (387 - 513) 49 (42 - 58) 158 (142 - 174) 240 (191 - 300) 397 (340 - 461)
South Dakota 68 (57 - 79) 8 (6 - 9) 24 (21 - 27) 36 (28 - 46) 60 (50 - 71)
Tennessee 476 (406 - 556) 56 (47 - 67) 170 (149 - 192) 250 (196 - 318) 420 (354 - 496)
Texas 1,929 (1,776 - 2,095) 279 (252 - 309) 720 (669 - 773) 930    (804 - 1,075) 1,650 (1,505 - 1,809)
Utah 169 (143 - 199) 27 (22 - 33) 68 (58 - 79) 74 (56 - 98) 142 (118 - 170)
Vermont 105   (93 - 117) 10   (9 - 11) 34 (31 - 37) 60 (50 - 72) 95   (84 - 107)
Virginia 690 (598 - 795) 85   (72 - 100) 269 (239 - 301) 336 (265 - 425) 605 (518 - 706)
Washington 878 (771 - 997) 87   (75 - 101) 267 (242 - 292) 524 (431 - 635) 791 (687 - 907)
West Virginia 158 (136 - 181) 17 (15 - 20) 56 (51 - 62) 84   (66 - 106) 140 (120 - 164)
Wisconsin 494 (424 - 575) 56 (47 - 67) 181 (161 - 202) 258 (201 - 328) 438 (371 - 515)
Wyoming 51 (44 - 59) 6 (5 - 7) 17 (15 - 19) 28 (22 - 35) 45 (39 - 53)
131024
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 18,463 (17,880 - 19,063) 1,884 (1,805 - 1,965) 6,505 (6,315 - 6,700) 10,074   (9,544 - 10,632) 16,580 (16,005 - 17,173)
Northeast 3,630 (3,427 - 3,847) 343 (318 - 370) 1,310 (1,250 - 1,372) 1,978 (1,797 - 2,176) 3,288 (3,089 - 3,501)
Midwest 3,828 (3,639 - 4,023) 396 (372 - 421) 1,362 (1,305 - 1,422) 2,070 (1,909 - 2,241) 3,432 (3,249 - 3,622)
South 5,580 (5,287 - 5,890) 617 (578 - 660) 2,076 (1,989 - 2,166) 2,887 (2,633 - 3,165) 4,963 (4,678 - 5,266)
West 5,424 (5,106 - 5,759) 527 (486 - 572) 1,757 (1,663 - 1,855) 3,140 (2,856 - 3,450) 4,897 (4,585 - 5,227)
Alabama 203 (167 - 245) 22 (17 - 27) 77 (65 - 91) 104   (78 - 139) 181 (147 - 222)
Alaska 74 (64 - 87) 6 (5 - 7) 20 (17 - 23) 48 (39 - 60) 68 (58 - 80)
Arizona 384 (313 - 470) 45 (36 - 55) 122 (102 - 145) 217 (161 - 292) 339 (271 - 423)
Arkansas 128 (104 - 158) 14 (11 - 18) 47 (39 - 55) 67 (48 - 93) 114   (91 - 143)
California 2,836 (2,585 - 3,111) 279 (246 - 315) 963    (886 - 1,044) 1,595 (1,375 - 1,848) 2,558 (2,312 - 2,827)
Colorado 440 (372 - 518) 42 (34 - 51) 149 (131 - 169) 250 (193 - 320) 399 (333 - 474)
Connecticut 255 (213 - 304) 25 (20 - 31) 88   (76 - 101) 142 (108 - 186) 230 (190 - 277)
Delaware 57 (48 - 68) 7 (5 - 8) 21 (18 - 25) 29 (22 - 38) 50 (42 - 61)
District of Columbia 56 (48 - 66) 3 (2 - 4) 24 (21 - 27) 30 (23 - 38) 53 (45 - 63)
Florida 1,080    (968 - 1,206) 97   (85 - 111) 373 (343 - 404) 611 (511 - 729) 983    (873 - 1,107)
Georgia 476 (394 - 574) 59 (48 - 74) 181 (151 - 214) 236 (175 - 317) 416 (339 - 511)
Hawaii 85   (70 - 103) 9   (8 - 12) 25 (21 - 29) 51 (38 - 66) 76 (61 - 93)
Idaho 68 (55 - 84) 9   (7 - 11) 23 (19 - 27) 36 (26 - 50) 59 (47 - 75)
Illinois 750 (676 - 830) 73 (64 - 84) 283 (260 - 307) 394 (331 - 468) 676 (605 - 756)
Indiana 334 (273 - 407) 34 (27 - 43) 123 (103 - 145) 177 (131 - 238) 300 (242 - 370)
Iowa 155 (127 - 188) 16 (13 - 20) 58 (49 - 69) 81   (60 - 109) 139 (113 - 171)
Kansas 95   (74 - 120) 13 (10 - 17) 36 (29 - 45) 45 (31 - 66) 82   (63 - 106)
Kentucky 203 (168 - 245) 21 (16 - 26) 80 (68 - 93) 102   (75 - 138) 182 (149 - 223)
Louisiana 172 (143 - 208) 18 (15 - 23) 68 (58 - 80) 86   (63 - 115) 154 (126 - 188)
Maine 96   (80 - 115) 9   (7 - 10) 29 (25 - 34) 58 (44 - 75) 87   (71 - 106)
Maryland 284 (233 - 344) 35 (28 - 43) 110   (93 - 130) 139 (101 - 190) 249 (201 - 307)
Massachusetts 527 (448 - 620) 52 (43 - 63) 198 (173 - 225) 277 (212 - 359) 475 (398 - 565)
Michigan 738 (676 - 806) 72 (65 - 81) 243 (226 - 261) 423 (366 - 487) 666 (604 - 733)
Minnesota 281 (229 - 342) 31 (25 - 39) 100   (84 - 119) 150 (111 - 200) 250 (201 - 309)
Mississippi 140 (115 - 169) 16 (13 - 20) 53 (45 - 63) 71 (53 - 95) 124 (101 - 153)
Missouri 296 (242 - 361) 35 (28 - 43) 114   (96 - 135) 147 (108 - 201) 261 (211 - 323)
Montana 88   (75 - 103) 7 (6 - 9) 28 (25 - 32) 52 (41 - 66) 81 (68 - 95)
Nebraska 83   (68 - 101) 10   (8 - 12) 30 (26 - 36) 43 (32 - 58) 74 (59 - 91)
Nevada 189 (152 - 234) 19 (15 - 24) 57 (47 - 68) 113   (83 - 153) 170 (134 - 214)
New Hampshire 95   (80 - 111) 10   (8 - 12) 37 (32 - 42) 48 (36 - 63) 85   (71 - 101)
New Jersey 448 (364 - 551) 49 (38 - 62) 169 (142 - 199) 231 (166 - 319) 399 (319 - 498)
New Mexico 155 (130 - 185) 17 (13 - 21) 48 (41 - 56) 90   (69 - 117) 139 (115 - 167)
New York 1,358 (1,226 - 1,504) 116 (102 - 132) 479 (442 - 517) 763 (648 - 897) 1,242 (1,113 - 1,385)
North Carolina 518 (427 - 624) 58 (47 - 72) 198 (168 - 231) 262 (193 - 354) 460 (373 - 562)
North Dakota 29 (24 - 36) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (11 - 16) 13   (9 - 19) 26 (21 - 33)
Ohio 709 (642 - 783) 70 (62 - 79) 237 (217 - 257) 402 (343 - 471) 639 (573 - 712)
Oklahoma 186 (151 - 229) 19 (15 - 24) 60 (49 - 72) 107   (79 - 145) 167 (133 - 209)
Oregon 399 (340 - 466) 29 (24 - 35) 106   (93 - 120) 264 (212 - 326) 370 (312 - 436)
Pennsylvania 666 (596 - 743) 66 (58 - 76) 247 (224 - 271) 353 (294 - 423) 599 (532 - 676)
Rhode Island 116 (100 - 135) 10   (8 - 12) 40 (35 - 45) 67 (53 - 83) 107   (91 - 125)
South Carolina 280 (232 - 335) 26 (21 - 32) 99   (84 - 115) 155 (117 - 204) 254 (208 - 308)
South Dakota 39 (32 - 48) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (10 - 15) 22 (16 - 30) 35 (28 - 43)
Tennessee 289 (236 - 353) 30 (24 - 38) 101   (83 - 120) 158 (118 - 212) 259 (208 - 321)
Texas 1,056    (947 - 1,177) 143 (125 - 164) 402 (362 - 445) 511 (423 - 616) 913    (809 - 1,030)
Utah 97   (77 - 121) 14 (11 - 18) 36 (28 - 45) 47 (33 - 67) 83   (65 - 106)
Vermont 70 (60 - 80) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (22 - 27) 39 (31 - 49) 64 (54 - 74)
Virginia 370 (304 - 451) 41 (33 - 51) 151 (127 - 178) 178 (130 - 244) 330 (266 - 407)
Washington 582 (496 - 681) 50 (41 - 61) 173 (151 - 195) 360 (284 - 453) 532 (448 - 630)
West Virginia 83   (68 - 101) 9   (7 - 11) 33 (29 - 38) 41 (30 - 57) 74 (60 - 92)
Wisconsin 320 (262 - 390) 35 (28 - 44) 112   (95 - 132) 172 (127 - 232) 285 (229 - 352)
Wyoming 27 (22 - 33) 3 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 16 (12 - 22) 24 (19 - 30)
131024
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 81,246 (79,792 - 82,607) 6,743 (6,603 - 6,884) 5,984 (5,803 - 6,169) 68,520 (67,142 - 69,902) 74,503 (73,059 - 75,848)
Northeast 13,913 (13,418 - 14,396) 1,049 (1,004 - 1,096) 911 (859 - 965) 11,953 (11,484 - 12,430) 12,864 (12,375 - 13,340)
Midwest 16,480 (16,044 - 16,902) 1,501 (1,456 - 1,548) 1,193 (1,143 - 1,245) 13,785 (13,377 - 14,200) 14,978 (14,549 - 15,393)
South 33,699 (32,952 - 34,414) 2,787 (2,708 - 2,868) 2,494 (2,398 - 2,592) 28,418 (27,719 - 29,120) 30,912 (30,174 - 31,615)
West 17,154 (16,538 - 17,757) 1,405 (1,340 - 1,473) 1,386 (1,304 - 1,471) 14,364 (13,781 - 14,956) 15,749 (15,142 - 16,342)
Alabama 1,541 (1,423 - 1,660) 137 (124 - 151) 110   (96 - 126) 1,293 (1,181 - 1,408) 1,403 (1,288 - 1,520)
Alaska 118 (103 - 134) 13 (11 - 15) 10   (9 - 12) 95   (81 - 110) 105   (91 - 121)
Arizona 1,536 (1,375 - 1,705) 135 (117 - 154) 117   (99 - 138) 1,284 (1,134 - 1,444) 1,401 (1,244 - 1,566)
Arkansas 880 (801 - 962) 75 (67 - 84) 59 (51 - 69) 746 (670 - 824) 805 (727 - 884)
California 9,431 (8,928 - 9,936) 697 (644 - 753) 792 (724 - 865) 7,943 (7,465 - 8,435) 8,734 (8,238 - 9,232)
Colorado 1,019    (905 - 1,142) 86 (74 - 98) 65 (54 - 79) 868 (760 - 984) 933    (822 - 1,053)
Connecticut 781 (696 - 870) 67 (58 - 77) 46 (38 - 55) 668 (588 - 754) 714 (631 - 801)
Delaware 229 (207 - 253) 15 (13 - 18) 15 (13 - 18) 199 (178 - 221) 214 (192 - 237)
District of Columbia 136 (121 - 153) 6 (6 - 8) 12 (10 - 15) 118 (103 - 134) 130 (114 - 146)
Florida 5,709 (5,434 - 5,983) 384 (361 - 409) 388 (359 - 420) 4,937 (4,672 - 5,207) 5,325 (5,052 - 5,596)
Georgia 2,860 (2,611 - 3,116) 272 (245 - 302) 225 (193 - 260) 2,363 (2,130 - 2,605) 2,588 (2,345 - 2,837)
Hawaii 325 (292 - 359) 23 (20 - 27) 20 (17 - 24) 281 (250 - 314) 301 (269 - 335)
Idaho 377 (340 - 416) 38 (34 - 42) 31 (26 - 36) 308 (273 - 346) 339 (303 - 378)
Illinois 3,367 (3,199 - 3,535) 298 (280 - 317) 241 (221 - 262) 2,828 (2,667 - 2,993) 3,069 (2,903 - 3,234)
Indiana 1,616 (1,461 - 1,779) 150 (133 - 169) 123 (106 - 143) 1,342 (1,197 - 1,496) 1,466 (1,315 - 1,624)
Iowa 784 (709 - 862) 77 (69 - 85) 58 (49 - 68) 649 (579 - 724) 707 (634 - 784)
Kansas 683 (614 - 755) 70 (62 - 78) 63 (54 - 73) 550 (486 - 618) 613 (547 - 683)
Kentucky 1,269 (1,159 - 1,380) 117 (105 - 130) 97   (84 - 112) 1,054    (951 - 1,162) 1,151 (1,044 - 1,261)
Louisiana 1,459 (1,358 - 1,562) 124 (112 - 136) 117 (103 - 133) 1,218 (1,122 - 1,316) 1,335 (1,236 - 1,435)
Maine 246 (214 - 280) 23 (20 - 26) 15 (12 - 18) 208 (178 - 241) 223 (193 - 257)
Maryland 1,559 (1,413 - 1,711) 117 (103 - 132) 111   (94 - 130) 1,331 (1,194 - 1,476) 1,442 (1,299 - 1,591)
Massachusetts 1,291 (1,142 - 1,449) 98   (86 - 112) 82 (68 - 99) 1,110    (970 - 1,263) 1,192 (1,047 - 1,348)
Michigan 2,172 (2,050 - 2,295) 202 (189 - 216) 148 (134 - 162) 1,823 (1,705 - 1,945) 1,970 (1,850 - 2,092)
Minnesota 1,273 (1,145 - 1,409) 115 (102 - 130) 80 (66 - 96) 1,078    (957 - 1,206) 1,158 (1,034 - 1,290)
Mississippi 956    (881 - 1,032) 90 (81 - 98) 89   (78 - 100) 778 (707 - 850) 866 (793 - 941)
Missouri 1,579 (1,437 - 1,726) 129 (114 - 144) 113   (97 - 132) 1,337 (1,203 - 1,477) 1,450 (1,312 - 1,594)
Montana 211 (189 - 235) 18 (16 - 20) 14 (11 - 16) 180 (158 - 203) 194 (171 - 217)
Nebraska 450 (406 - 496) 44 (39 - 49) 36 (31 - 43) 369 (328 - 413) 406 (363 - 451)
Nevada 636 (565 - 712) 50 (43 - 59) 43 (36 - 52) 543 (476 - 614) 586 (517 - 659)
New Hampshire 257 (227 - 290) 21 (18 - 24) 13 (11 - 16) 223 (194 - 255) 236 (206 - 269)
New Jersey 2,494 (2,251 - 2,746) 183 (160 - 209) 128 (107 - 153) 2,183 (1,953 - 2,423) 2,311 (2,074 - 2,556)
New Mexico 514 (463 - 567) 42 (37 - 48) 37 (32 - 44) 435 (387 - 485) 472 (423 - 524)
New York 5,168 (4,871 - 5,467) 369 (343 - 396) 375 (341 - 412) 4,424 (4,139 - 4,717) 4,799 (4,506 - 5,093)
North Carolina 2,604 (2,369 - 2,852) 206 (182 - 232) 178 (151 - 208) 2,220 (1,998 - 2,453) 2,398 (2,169 - 2,638)
North Dakota 184 (167 - 201) 16 (14 - 18) 16 (14 - 19) 151 (136 - 168) 167 (151 - 184)
Ohio 2,788 (2,643 - 2,933) 249 (233 - 265) 197 (181 - 214) 2,342 (2,202 - 2,486) 2,539 (2,396 - 2,682)
Oklahoma 968    (875 - 1,065) 90   (80 - 102) 86   (73 - 100) 792 (705 - 885) 878 (787 - 973)
Oregon 707 (624 - 797) 64 (56 - 73) 55 (45 - 66) 589 (510 - 675) 643 (562 - 731)
Pennsylvania 3,338 (3,167 - 3,510) 262 (244 - 280) 229 (208 - 251) 2,848 (2,683 - 3,018) 3,077 (2,907 - 3,247)
Rhode Island 214 (188 - 241) 16 (13 - 18) 15 (12 - 18) 183 (159 - 209) 198 (173 - 225)
South Carolina 1,345 (1,229 - 1,465) 104   (93 - 116) 94   (81 - 109) 1,147 (1,037 - 1,261) 1,241 (1,128 - 1,358)
South Dakota 205 (186 - 224) 20 (18 - 22) 17 (15 - 20) 167 (150 - 186) 185 (167 - 204)
Tennessee 1,894 (1,740 - 2,052) 159 (142 - 177) 131 (113 - 152) 1,604 (1,457 - 1,757) 1,735 (1,584 - 1,891)
Texas 7,789 (7,458 - 8,117) 698 (656 - 740) 603 (555 - 653) 6,489 (6,172 - 6,810) 7,091 (6,763 - 7,416)
Utah 822 (762 - 883) 107   (97 - 117) 91   (79 - 105) 624 (569 - 681) 715 (658 - 774)
Vermont 125 (111 - 141) 11   (9 - 12) 8 (6 - 9) 106   (93 - 122) 114 (100 - 130)
Virginia 1,936 (1,739 - 2,142) 152 (135 - 172) 142 (120 - 168) 1,641 (1,456 - 1,838) 1,783 (1,592 - 1,985)
Washington 1,313 (1,158 - 1,480) 119 (104 - 136) 99   (84 - 117) 1,094    (949 - 1,254) 1,194 (1,042 - 1,357)
West Virginia 564 (517 - 612) 39 (35 - 44) 37 (32 - 42) 488 (443 - 534) 524 (478 - 572)
Wisconsin 1,379 (1,235 - 1,532) 131 (117 - 147) 99   (85 - 115) 1,149 (1,013 - 1,295) 1,248 (1,107 - 1,397)
Wyoming 145 (132 - 160) 14 (13 - 16) 11   (9 - 13) 121 (108 - 134) 131 (118 - 145)
131024
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 2,882 (2,776 - 2,992) 1,309 (1,262 - 1,357) 1,359 (1,294 - 1,426) 214 (168 - 272) 1,573 (1,482 - 1,669)
Northeast 535 (502 - 571) 227 (211 - 243) 265 (244 - 287) 44 (30 - 64) 309 (281 - 340)
Midwest 612 (580 - 646) 284 (269 - 300) 285 (266 - 306) 43 (30 - 61) 328 (301 - 358)
South 993    (937 - 1,052) 462 (437 - 488) 461 (429 - 495) 70   (48 - 102) 531 (485 - 582)
West 741 (693 - 793) 336 (313 - 362) 348 (318 - 380) 57 (39 - 84) 405 (366 - 448)
Alabama 39 (33 - 45) 18 (15 - 22) 18 (15 - 23) 2 (1 - 4) 21 (17 - 26)
Alaska 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 4)
Arizona 59 (51 - 69) 28 (23 - 34) 26 (20 - 33) 5 (3 - 9) 31 (25 - 39)
Arkansas 23 (20 - 27) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 3) 13 (10 - 16)
California 419 (382 - 460) 183 (163 - 205) 203 (178 - 231) 32 (20 - 52) 235 (206 - 270)
Colorado 48 (42 - 56) 24 (20 - 28) 21 (17 - 26) 4 (2 - 7) 25 (20 - 31)
Connecticut 34 (30 - 40) 16 (13 - 20) 16 (12 - 19) 3 (1 - 4) 18 (15 - 22)
Delaware 9   (8 - 11) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
District of Columbia 8   (7 - 10) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 7)
Florida 155 (140 - 172) 69 (61 - 78) 73 (64 - 84) 13   (8 - 21) 86   (74 - 100)
Georgia 85 (73 - 99) 42 (34 - 50) 38 (30 - 48) 6   (3 - 10) 43 (34 - 55)
Hawaii 12 (10 - 14) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 9)
Idaho 13 (11 - 16) 7 (6 - 8) 6 (5 - 7) 1 (0 - 2) 7 (5 - 8)
Illinois 116 (106 - 128) 53 (48 - 60) 54 (47 - 62) 9   (6 - 15) 63 (55 - 73)
Indiana 59 (51 - 69) 27 (22 - 33) 28 (23 - 35) 4 (2 - 7) 32 (26 - 39)
Iowa 28 (24 - 33) 13 (11 - 15) 14 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 3) 15 (12 - 19)
Kansas 26 (23 - 31) 12 (10 - 14) 13 (10 - 16) 2 (1 - 3) 15 (12 - 18)
Kentucky 32 (28 - 38) 17 (14 - 20) 13 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 5) 16 (12 - 20)
Louisiana 38 (32 - 44) 15 (12 - 19) 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 7) 23 (18 - 28)
Maine 12 (10 - 13) 5 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
Maryland 53 (45 - 62) 25 (21 - 30) 23 (18 - 30) 5 (3 - 8) 28 (22 - 35)
Massachusetts 77 (67 - 89) 31 (26 - 37) 40 (32 - 50) 6   (3 - 10) 46 (38 - 56)
Michigan 97   (89 - 106) 45 (41 - 50) 46 (40 - 52) 6   (4 - 10) 52 (45 - 59)
Minnesota 47 (40 - 54) 22 (18 - 26) 21 (17 - 27) 4 (2 - 7) 25 (20 - 31)
Mississippi 23 (20 - 27) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 16)
Missouri 53 (45 - 61) 25 (21 - 30) 24 (19 - 30) 4 (2 - 7) 28 (22 - 34)
Montana 10   (9 - 12) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Nebraska 17 (14 - 19) 7 (6 - 9) 8   (7 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11)
Nevada 27 (23 - 32) 13 (10 - 16) 12 (10 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (11 - 18)
New Hampshire 14 (12 - 16) 7 (5 - 8) 7 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 2) 8 (6 - 9)
New Jersey 83 (71 - 96) 39 (32 - 47) 37 (30 - 46) 7   (4 - 12) 44 (35 - 54)
New Mexico 20 (17 - 23) 11   (9 - 13) 8   (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 12)
New York 183 (166 - 202) 74 (66 - 84) 91   (79 - 104) 18 (11 - 29) 109   (94 - 126)
North Carolina 80 (68 - 93) 39 (32 - 48) 35 (28 - 44) 5   (3 - 10) 41 (32 - 51)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Ohio 108   (99 - 118) 52 (46 - 57) 49 (43 - 56) 7   (5 - 12) 56 (49 - 65)
Oklahoma 31 (26 - 36) 15 (13 - 19) 14 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 4) 16 (12 - 20)
Oregon 36 (31 - 42) 15 (13 - 19) 18 (14 - 22) 3 (2 - 5) 21 (17 - 26)
Pennsylvania 115 (104 - 126) 46 (41 - 52) 61 (53 - 70) 8   (5 - 13) 69 (60 - 79)
Rhode Island 12 (10 - 14) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (5 - 7) 1 (0 - 2) 7 (5 - 8)
South Carolina 39 (33 - 45) 20 (16 - 24) 17 (13 - 21) 3 (1 - 5) 20 (16 - 24)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 4)
Tennessee 51 (43 - 59) 25 (21 - 31) 22 (17 - 28) 4 (2 - 7) 26 (20 - 32)
Texas 236 (214 - 261) 108   (95 - 122) 114 (100 - 130) 14   (8 - 25) 128 (112 - 148)
Utah 22 (19 - 27) 11   (8 - 13) 10   (8 - 14) 1 (1 - 3) 12   (9 - 15)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4)
Virginia 74 (64 - 86) 33 (28 - 40) 36 (28 - 45) 5 (3 - 9) 41 (33 - 51)
Washington 63 (54 - 73) 29 (24 - 36) 29 (23 - 35) 5 (3 - 9) 34 (27 - 41)
West Virginia 16 (14 - 18) 8 (7 - 9) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 10)
Wisconsin 48 (41 - 56) 22 (18 - 27) 22 (17 - 28) 4 (2 - 7) 25 (20 - 32)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 5) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (2 - 3)
131024
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 8,452 (8,057 - 8,865) 972    (914 - 1,034) 2,410 (2,289 - 2,536) 5,070 (4,720 - 5,445) 7,480 (7,093 - 7,887)
Northeast 1,489 (1,358 - 1,633) 146 (130 - 164) 435 (400 - 474) 907    (793 - 1,037) 1,343 (1,216 - 1,482)
Midwest 1,785 (1,663 - 1,915) 206 (189 - 224) 510 (476 - 546) 1,070    (962 - 1,188) 1,580 (1,462 - 1,706)
South 3,030 (2,827 - 3,246) 361 (331 - 393) 865 (810 - 923) 1,804 (1,626 - 2,002) 2,669 (2,473 - 2,880)
West 2,148 (1,960 - 2,353) 259 (231 - 292) 600 (547 - 657) 1,289 (1,126 - 1,475) 1,889 (1,709 - 2,086)
Alabama 150 (121 - 186) 18 (13 - 24) 40 (32 - 50) 93   (69 - 125) 132 (105 - 167)
Alaska 19 (15 - 24) 2 (1 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 11   (8 - 15) 17 (13 - 22)
Arizona 197 (152 - 254) 25 (18 - 33) 48 (37 - 63) 124   (88 - 174) 172 (130 - 227)
Arkansas 93   (73 - 117) 12   (9 - 15) 25 (20 - 32) 55 (40 - 77) 81   (63 - 104)
California 1,095    (947 - 1,264) 140 (117 - 168) 316 (273 - 365) 638 (515 - 791) 954    (815 - 1,118)
Colorado 154 (121 - 195) 16 (12 - 22) 45 (35 - 57) 93   (66 - 129) 138 (107 - 177)
Connecticut 88   (68 - 114) 9   (6 - 13) 28 (22 - 36) 51 (36 - 74) 79   (60 - 104)
Delaware 29 (22 - 37) 3 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 11) 17 (12 - 24) 26 (20 - 34)
District of Columbia 24 (19 - 31) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (12 - 23) 23 (18 - 29)
Florida 477 (412 - 552) 51 (42 - 60) 131 (114 - 151) 296 (240 - 363) 427 (364 - 499)
Georgia 240 (190 - 304) 33 (25 - 44) 67 (52 - 88) 140 (100 - 194) 207 (160 - 268)
Hawaii 40 (31 - 52) 4 (3 - 6) 11   (8 - 13) 26 (18 - 36) 36 (27 - 47)
Idaho 44 (35 - 55) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 26 (19 - 36) 39 (30 - 49)
Illinois 317 (274 - 367) 35 (29 - 43) 89   (76 - 103) 193 (157 - 238) 282 (241 - 330)
Indiana 213 (169 - 268) 22 (17 - 29) 65 (52 - 81) 126   (91 - 174) 191 (149 - 244)
Iowa 67 (52 - 87) 8   (6 - 11) 21 (16 - 28) 38 (26 - 54) 59 (45 - 78)
Kansas 66 (51 - 86) 9   (7 - 13) 18 (13 - 24) 39 (27 - 56) 57 (43 - 76)
Kentucky 112   (88 - 142) 11   (8 - 15) 34 (27 - 42) 67 (48 - 93) 101   (78 - 129)
Louisiana 130 (104 - 161) 14 (11 - 19) 36 (29 - 46) 79   (59 - 106) 115   (91 - 145)
Maine 36 (28 - 47) 3 (2 - 4) 11   (9 - 14) 22 (16 - 31) 33 (26 - 43)
Maryland 131 (100 - 171) 14 (10 - 20) 38 (29 - 49) 78   (54 - 114) 116   (87 - 155)
Massachusetts 184 (146 - 231) 19 (15 - 25) 55 (43 - 70) 109   (79 - 151) 165 (129 - 210)
Michigan 301 (261 - 347) 37 (31 - 44) 77 (67 - 88) 187 (152 - 229) 263 (225 - 308)
Minnesota 130 (101 - 166) 15 (11 - 20) 37 (28 - 48) 78   (56 - 108) 115   (88 - 149)
Mississippi 84   (66 - 106) 10   (8 - 14) 21 (16 - 27) 52 (38 - 71) 73 (57 - 94)
Missouri 144 (113 - 183) 17 (13 - 24) 44 (34 - 56) 83   (59 - 116) 126   (97 - 164)
Montana 27 (22 - 34) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 16 (11 - 22) 24 (19 - 31)
Nebraska 40 (31 - 52) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 16) 23 (16 - 33) 35 (27 - 46)
Nevada 79   (60 - 103) 9   (6 - 12) 18 (14 - 24) 52 (37 - 73) 70 (53 - 93)
New Hampshire 39 (32 - 49) 4 (3 - 5) 14 (11 - 17) 22 (16 - 30) 35 (28 - 45)
New Jersey 241 (188 - 310) 27 (20 - 36) 67 (52 - 86) 148 (105 - 206) 214 (164 - 280)
New Mexico 65 (50 - 85) 9   (7 - 12) 14 (11 - 18) 42 (30 - 59) 56 (42 - 74)
New York 497 (421 - 588) 43 (34 - 54) 149 (128 - 173) 306 (241 - 388) 455 (381 - 542)
North Carolina 229 (180 - 291) 26 (19 - 35) 68 (53 - 87) 135   (96 - 189) 203 (157 - 262)
North Dakota 14 (10 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 11) 12   (9 - 16)
Ohio 338 (295 - 388) 37 (31 - 44) 94   (82 - 108) 207 (170 - 252) 301 (260 - 349)
Oklahoma 114   (90 - 145) 12   (9 - 17) 29 (23 - 38) 72 (53 - 99) 102   (79 - 131)
Oregon 125   (99 - 158) 11   (8 - 15) 36 (28 - 45) 78   (57 - 106) 114   (89 - 145)
Pennsylvania 340 (293 - 395) 36 (30 - 43) 93   (80 - 108) 211 (170 - 262) 304 (258 - 357)
Rhode Island 42 (33 - 53) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 16) 26 (19 - 37) 39 (30 - 50)
South Carolina 134 (105 - 169) 14 (11 - 19) 37 (29 - 46) 83   (60 - 114) 119   (92 - 153)
South Dakota 19 (14 - 25) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 12   (8 - 17) 17 (13 - 22)
Tennessee 183 (146 - 228) 21 (16 - 28) 56 (44 - 71) 105   (77 - 143) 161 (127 - 204)
Texas 651 (565 - 749) 94   (79 - 113) 186 (160 - 217) 370 (300 - 456) 556 (476 - 650)
Utah 69 (54 - 87) 8   (6 - 11) 23 (17 - 30) 38 (28 - 53) 61 (47 - 78)
Vermont 20 (16 - 25) 2 (1 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 17) 18 (14 - 23)
Virginia 201 (159 - 255) 21 (15 - 28) 63 (50 - 79) 118   (85 - 164) 181 (140 - 232)
Washington 222 (175 - 279) 24 (18 - 31) 60 (48 - 74) 138 (100 - 191) 198 (154 - 254)
West Virginia 49 (39 - 61) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (13 - 20) 28 (20 - 39) 45 (35 - 56)
Wisconsin 136 (107 - 173) 16 (12 - 22) 43 (33 - 55) 78   (55 - 108) 120   (93 - 155)
Wyoming 12   (9 - 16) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (5 - 11) 11   (8 - 14)
131024
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 4,264 (4,002 - 4,542) 204 (178 - 235) 1,582 (1,483 - 1,687) 2,478 (2,241 - 2,739) 4,059 (3,799 - 4,337)
Northeast 913    (818 - 1,019) 32 (26 - 39) 329 (297 - 366) 551 (467 - 650) 881 (786 - 987)
Midwest 797 (715 - 889) 38 (31 - 46) 273 (248 - 301) 486 (414 - 571) 759 (679 - 849)
South 1,427 (1,294 - 1,573) 74 (62 - 88) 505 (463 - 550) 848 (731 - 983) 1,353 (1,222 - 1,498)
West 1,127    (998 - 1,273) 61 (49 - 76) 474 (425 - 530) 592 (482 - 726) 1,066    (939 - 1,210)
Alabama 48 (34 - 68) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (10 - 20) 31 (19 - 50) 45 (31 - 66)
Alaska 10   (7 - 13) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 8) 9   (7 - 13)
Arizona 108   (80 - 145) 5 (3 - 8) 40 (30 - 54) 62 (40 - 95) 102   (75 - 140)
Arkansas 32 (23 - 45) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (7 - 14) 20 (13 - 32) 31 (22 - 43)
California 595 (495 - 714) 34 (25 - 47) 256 (216 - 302) 305 (224 - 415) 561 (463 - 679)
Colorado 102   (78 - 133) 4 (3 - 7) 49 (38 - 63) 49 (30 - 77) 98   (74 - 129)
Connecticut 58 (44 - 76) 2 (2 - 4) 25 (19 - 32) 31 (20 - 48) 56 (42 - 74)
Delaware 14 (11 - 19) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 9   (6 - 13) 14 (10 - 19)
District of Columbia 16 (12 - 22) 0 (0 - 0) 5 (4 - 6) 11   (8 - 17) 16 (12 - 22)
Florida 278 (228 - 340) 9   (6 - 13) 104   (88 - 123) 165 (122 - 223) 269 (219 - 331)
Georgia 125   (91 - 171) 5 (3 - 8) 36 (25 - 50) 84   (56 - 126) 120   (86 - 166)
Hawaii 19 (14 - 26) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (8 - 19) 18 (13 - 25)
Idaho 16 (11 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 9) 9   (5 - 14) 15 (10 - 21)
Illinois 191 (156 - 234) 8   (6 - 11) 58 (48 - 71) 125   (94 - 165) 183 (148 - 226)
Indiana 67 (48 - 93) 4 (3 - 7) 25 (18 - 34) 38 (24 - 61) 63 (45 - 88)
Iowa 29 (21 - 41) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (8 - 16) 16 (10 - 27) 28 (20 - 39)
Kansas 31 (22 - 43) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (8 - 16) 18 (11 - 28) 29 (21 - 41)
Kentucky 51 (37 - 70) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (13 - 24) 31 (20 - 49) 49 (35 - 68)
Louisiana 60 (45 - 81) 2 (1 - 4) 18 (13 - 24) 40 (28 - 59) 58 (43 - 79)
Maine 20 (15 - 27) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 9) 12   (8 - 18) 19 (14 - 26)
Maryland 65 (46 - 93) 3 (2 - 4) 22 (16 - 30) 41 (25 - 68) 63 (43 - 91)
Massachusetts 104 (77 - 140) 5 (3 - 7) 42 (31 - 57) 57 (37 - 89) 99   (73 - 136)
Michigan 112 (90 - 140) 6 (5 - 9) 39 (32 - 47) 67 (47 - 94) 106   (83 - 134)
Minnesota 59 (42 - 82) 3 (2 - 4) 21 (15 - 29) 36 (22 - 57) 56 (40 - 80)
Mississippi 33 (23 - 46) 2 (1 - 3) 8   (6 - 12) 23 (15 - 35) 31 (21 - 44)
Missouri 63 (45 - 88) 3 (2 - 6) 22 (16 - 31) 37 (23 - 60) 59 (42 - 84)
Montana 13 (10 - 18) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 8) 6   (4 - 10) 12   (9 - 17)
Nebraska 22 (16 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 12) 12   (7 - 18) 20 (15 - 27)
Nevada 31 (23 - 43) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (8 - 18) 17 (11 - 27) 29 (21 - 41)
New Hampshire 22 (17 - 29) 1 (1 - 1) 10   (8 - 13) 11   (7 - 17) 21 (16 - 28)
New Jersey 138 (102 - 187) 5 (3 - 8) 47 (34 - 63) 86   (57 - 131) 133   (97 - 182)
New Mexico 35 (26 - 48) 2 (1 - 3) 13 (10 - 17) 20 (13 - 32) 33 (24 - 46)
New York 348 (290 - 417) 11   (8 - 15) 126 (106 - 149) 211 (160 - 277) 337 (279 - 406)
North Carolina 125   (91 - 172) 6   (4 - 10) 44 (33 - 59) 75   (48 - 117) 119   (85 - 165)
North Dakota 7   (5 - 10) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (2 - 6) 7 (5 - 9)
Ohio 147 (119 - 182) 6 (4 - 8) 46 (38 - 56) 95   (71 - 128) 142 (114 - 176)
Oklahoma 40 (28 - 56) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (10 - 20) 23 (14 - 38) 38 (26 - 54)
Oregon 64 (49 - 84) 3 (2 - 5) 28 (21 - 36) 33 (21 - 51) 61 (46 - 81)
Pennsylvania 187 (152 - 231) 6 (4 - 9) 58 (48 - 71) 123   (92 - 165) 181 (146 - 225)
Rhode Island 23 (17 - 31) 1 (0 - 1) 9   (7 - 12) 14   (9 - 21) 23 (17 - 31)
South Carolina 66 (48 - 90) 2 (1 - 4) 19 (14 - 25) 45 (29 - 68) 63 (46 - 88)
South Dakota 7 (5 - 9) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (2 - 6) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 74   (54 - 101) 4 (2 - 6) 24 (18 - 33) 46 (30 - 71) 70 (51 - 97)
Texas 288 (236 - 351) 25 (19 - 35) 123 (102 - 149) 139   (99 - 195) 262 (211 - 325)
Utah 37 (28 - 49) 2 (1 - 3) 15 (11 - 21) 20 (13 - 30) 35 (26 - 47)
Vermont 11   (9 - 15) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 9) 11   (8 - 14)
Virginia 86   (63 - 118) 4 (2 - 6) 32 (23 - 44) 50 (32 - 79) 82   (59 - 114)
Washington 91   (68 - 122) 4 (3 - 7) 36 (27 - 48) 51 (33 - 78) 87   (64 - 118)
West Virginia 25 (18 - 33) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 12) 14   (9 - 22) 23 (17 - 32)
Wisconsin 63 (45 - 87) 3 (2 - 5) 24 (17 - 33) 36 (22 - 58) 60 (42 - 84)
Wyoming 6 (5 - 9) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 8)
131024
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 11,816 (11,357 - 12,293) 1,408 (1,342 - 1,477) 3,430 (3,298 - 3,567) 6,978 (6,555 - 7,426) 10,408   (9,958 - 10,877)
Northeast 1,945 (1,809 - 2,091) 205 (186 - 225) 567 (528 - 610) 1,173 (1,054 - 1,305) 1,740 (1,609 - 1,883)
Midwest 2,567 (2,426 - 2,715) 307 (286 - 329) 759 (718 - 802) 1,501 (1,378 - 1,635) 2,260 (2,123 - 2,405)
South 4,309 (4,076 - 4,556) 526 (491 - 562) 1,234 (1,167 - 1,304) 2,550 (2,343 - 2,774) 3,784 (3,557 - 4,025)
West 2,995 (2,779 - 3,226) 372 (338 - 408) 870 (806 - 938) 1,754 (1,565 - 1,965) 2,623 (2,414 - 2,849)
Alabama 209 (173 - 251) 28 (22 - 35) 57 (47 - 68) 124   (96 - 161) 181 (148 - 222)
Alaska 29 (24 - 35) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 16 (12 - 21) 25 (21 - 31)
Arizona 287 (235 - 351) 41 (32 - 53) 82   (66 - 102) 164 (123 - 218) 246 (197 - 307)
Arkansas 141 (116 - 171) 20 (16 - 24) 41 (34 - 49) 81   (60 - 107) 122   (98 - 150)
California 1,502 (1,331 - 1,695) 181 (155 - 211) 437 (387 - 494) 884    (737 - 1,060) 1,322 (1,157 - 1,510)
Colorado 214 (176 - 257) 28 (22 - 36) 68 (56 - 82) 117   (89 - 154) 185 (151 - 226)
Connecticut 118   (95 - 146) 13 (10 - 17) 34 (27 - 42) 71 (53 - 95) 105   (84 - 132)
Delaware 41 (34 - 50) 4 (3 - 6) 13 (10 - 15) 24 (19 - 32) 37 (30 - 46)
District of Columbia 24 (19 - 30) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 15 (11 - 20) 23 (18 - 28)
Florida 627 (550 - 715) 67 (58 - 79) 163 (143 - 185) 396 (329 - 477) 559 (485 - 645)
Georgia 329 (268 - 404) 43 (34 - 56) 96   (77 - 120) 190 (143 - 251) 286 (229 - 356)
Hawaii 49 (39 - 61) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 17) 29 (21 - 40) 43 (34 - 54)
Idaho 67 (55 - 81) 9   (7 - 11) 20 (16 - 25) 38 (29 - 49) 58 (47 - 71)
Illinois 443 (391 - 501) 52 (44 - 61) 135 (119 - 153) 256 (213 - 307) 391 (342 - 447)
Indiana 303 (252 - 364) 37 (29 - 47) 98   (81 - 118) 168 (128 - 219) 266 (218 - 324)
Iowa 95   (77 - 117) 11   (8 - 15) 33 (26 - 41) 51 (37 - 69) 84   (67 - 105)
Kansas 95   (77 - 118) 13 (10 - 17) 28 (22 - 35) 54 (40 - 72) 82   (65 - 103)
Kentucky 161 (134 - 195) 18 (14 - 24) 48 (39 - 58) 95   (74 - 123) 143 (117 - 175)
Louisiana 175 (147 - 208) 22 (17 - 27) 52 (42 - 62) 102   (80 - 130) 153 (127 - 185)
Maine 51 (41 - 62) 5 (4 - 6) 14 (12 - 17) 32 (24 - 42) 46 (37 - 57)
Maryland 190 (153 - 236) 20 (15 - 26) 52 (42 - 66) 118   (88 - 158) 171 (135 - 215)
Massachusetts 220 (180 - 270) 23 (17 - 29) 69 (56 - 85) 129   (97 - 170) 198 (159 - 245)
Michigan 422 (378 - 471) 54 (47 - 62) 118 (106 - 132) 249 (211 - 294) 367 (325 - 415)
Minnesota 183 (148 - 225) 22 (17 - 29) 52 (41 - 65) 109   (82 - 144) 161 (128 - 200)
Mississippi 119 (100 - 142) 16 (13 - 20) 36 (30 - 44) 67 (52 - 87) 103   (85 - 125)
Missouri 227 (188 - 274) 27 (21 - 34) 70 (57 - 85) 130   (99 - 169) 200 (163 - 245)
Montana 40 (33 - 48) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 22 (17 - 30) 35 (28 - 43)
Nebraska 60 (49 - 73) 7 (5 - 9) 18 (15 - 22) 35 (26 - 46) 53 (43 - 65)
Nevada 121   (96 - 150) 14 (11 - 18) 32 (26 - 40) 74   (55 - 100) 107   (84 - 135)
New Hampshire 50 (42 - 61) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (13 - 19) 28 (22 - 37) 44 (36 - 54)
New Jersey 334 (271 - 410) 37 (28 - 49) 96   (77 - 119) 200 (151 - 265) 297 (238 - 369)
New Mexico 92   (75 - 112) 14 (11 - 18) 25 (20 - 31) 53 (39 - 70) 78 (62 - 97)
New York 663 (584 - 753) 60 (50 - 72) 186 (163 - 212) 417 (349 - 498) 603 (527 - 691)
North Carolina 367 (299 - 449) 43 (33 - 56) 105   (85 - 129) 219 (166 - 289) 324 (261 - 402)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (9 - 15) 19 (15 - 24)
Ohio 481 (430 - 538) 54 (47 - 62) 134 (120 - 149) 293 (249 - 344) 427 (378 - 482)
Oklahoma 162 (133 - 196) 21 (17 - 27) 46 (37 - 57) 94   (72 - 123) 140 (113 - 173)
Oregon 187 (156 - 225) 20 (16 - 25) 56 (47 - 68) 111   (86 - 144) 168 (138 - 204)
Pennsylvania 436 (385 - 495) 54 (46 - 63) 127 (112 - 145) 255 (211 - 308) 382 (332 - 440)
Rhode Island 47 (38 - 57) 4 (3 - 6) 15 (13 - 19) 27 (21 - 35) 43 (35 - 52)
South Carolina 195 (162 - 235) 24 (19 - 31) 55 (45 - 67) 116   (90 - 150) 171 (140 - 209)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 14 (11 - 19) 22 (18 - 28)
Tennessee 272 (224 - 329) 33 (26 - 42) 83   (68 - 100) 156 (119 - 204) 239 (194 - 293)
Texas 938    (838 - 1,049) 127 (109 - 147) 268 (237 - 304) 543 (458 - 642) 811 (716 - 919)
Utah 96   (78 - 118) 12   (9 - 16) 32 (26 - 40) 52 (39 - 70) 84   (68 - 105)
Vermont 25 (21 - 30) 3 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 11) 14 (10 - 18) 23 (18 - 27)
Virginia 288 (236 - 352) 30 (23 - 39) 91   (74 - 111) 167 (126 - 221) 258 (209 - 319)
Washington 290 (239 - 352) 36 (28 - 45) 75 (61 - 92) 179 (138 - 233) 254 (206 - 313)
West Virginia 70 (58 - 84) 8   (6 - 10) 21 (18 - 26) 41 (31 - 53) 62 (51 - 76)
Wisconsin 213 (172 - 262) 24 (19 - 31) 57 (46 - 71) 132   (99 - 174) 189 (150 - 236)
Wyoming 20 (17 - 25) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 18 (15 - 23)
131024
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 134,447 (133,024 - 135,862) 3,272 (3,169 - 3,377) 20,821 (20,554 - 21,086) 110,354 (108,980 - 111,718) 131,175 (129,762 - 132,577)
Northeast 26,958 (26,467 - 27,444) 673 (634 - 714) 4,041 (3,965 - 4,116) 22,244 (21,767 - 22,716) 26,285 (25,795 - 26,770)
Midwest 30,371 (29,917 - 30,830) 714 (681 - 748) 4,678 (4,606 - 4,748) 24,980 (24,537 - 25,423) 29,658 (29,204 - 30,112)
South 46,393 (45,656 - 47,122) 1,118 (1,066 - 1,173) 7,309 (7,193 - 7,424) 37,965 (37,254 - 38,666) 45,274 (44,539 - 45,999)
West 30,724 (30,089 - 31,363) 766 (715 - 820) 4,794 (4,689 - 4,897) 25,165 (24,542 - 25,788) 29,958 (29,322 - 30,595)
Alabama 1,727 (1,610 - 1,845) 44 (37 - 52) 283 (263 - 303) 1,400 (1,288 - 1,514) 1,683 (1,566 - 1,801)
Alaska 312 (294 - 330) 8   (7 - 10) 48 (45 - 51) 256 (239 - 273) 304 (286 - 322)
Arizona 2,707 (2,527 - 2,887) 70 (58 - 84) 405 (376 - 433) 2,232 (2,061 - 2,401) 2,637 (2,457 - 2,815)
Arkansas 975    (896 - 1,057) 29 (24 - 34) 161 (149 - 173) 786 (710 - 863) 947    (867 - 1,027)
California 15,499 (14,976 - 16,019) 413 (371 - 459) 2,557 (2,468 - 2,645) 12,529 (12,015 - 13,040) 15,086 (14,563 - 15,606)
Colorado 2,499 (2,368 - 2,631) 53 (45 - 63) 379 (359 - 398) 2,067 (1,939 - 2,190) 2,446 (2,313 - 2,574)
Connecticut 1,867 (1,773 - 1,959) 51 (43 - 60) 255 (241 - 268) 1,561 (1,470 - 1,648) 1,816 (1,722 - 1,906)
Delaware 400 (376 - 424) 10   (8 - 11) 65 (60 - 68) 326 (302 - 349) 390 (366 - 414)
District of Columbia 345 (328 - 362) 5 (4 - 6) 73 (69 - 76) 268 (251 - 284) 340 (323 - 357)
Florida 8,435 (8,154 - 8,715) 172 (155 - 190) 1,164 (1,125 - 1,202) 7,100 (6,825 - 7,372) 8,263 (7,984 - 8,541)
Georgia 3,730 (3,485 - 3,976) 90   (74 - 107) 572 (531 - 613) 3,068 (2,833 - 3,302) 3,640 (3,397 - 3,883)
Hawaii 572 (533 - 610) 12 (10 - 15) 79 (73 - 84) 480 (443 - 517) 559 (521 - 597)
Idaho 627 (587 - 669) 16 (13 - 19) 83 (76 - 90) 529 (489 - 568) 612 (571 - 652)
Illinois 5,909 (5,728 - 6,088) 139 (126 - 153) 893 (866 - 920) 4,877 (4,700 - 5,051) 5,770 (5,590 - 5,948)
Indiana 2,752 (2,574 - 2,930) 61 (50 - 73) 451 (424 - 478) 2,240 (2,069 - 2,408) 2,691 (2,512 - 2,867)
Iowa 1,437 (1,352 - 1,520) 35 (30 - 41) 232 (219 - 245) 1,169 (1,087 - 1,248) 1,401 (1,316 - 1,484)
Kansas 1,182 (1,106 - 1,259) 28 (23 - 33) 193 (181 - 205) 962    (888 - 1,034) 1,155 (1,078 - 1,230)
Kentucky 1,603 (1,491 - 1,718) 37 (31 - 44) 258 (240 - 275) 1,308 (1,199 - 1,418) 1,566 (1,453 - 1,679)
Louisiana 1,852 (1,747 - 1,957) 49 (42 - 57) 310 (291 - 327) 1,493 (1,393 - 1,593) 1,803 (1,698 - 1,907)
Maine 618 (579 - 657) 12 (10 - 14) 81 (76 - 86) 525 (487 - 562) 606 (567 - 645)
Maryland 2,838 (2,681 - 2,992) 67 (57 - 79) 415 (392 - 437) 2,356 (2,205 - 2,501) 2,771 (2,614 - 2,922)
Massachusetts 3,578 (3,400 - 3,750) 77 (66 - 89) 533 (505 - 559) 2,969 (2,797 - 3,130) 3,501 (3,322 - 3,671)
Michigan 4,463 (4,324 - 4,601) 109   (98 - 120) 684 (664 - 704) 3,670 (3,536 - 3,803) 4,355 (4,217 - 4,491)
Minnesota 2,607 (2,462 - 2,751) 56 (47 - 66) 367 (343 - 389) 2,185 (2,045 - 2,318) 2,551 (2,405 - 2,692)
Mississippi 994    (922 - 1,068) 32 (27 - 38) 182 (169 - 194) 780 (711 - 851) 962    (890 - 1,035)
Missouri 2,532 (2,373 - 2,692) 61 (52 - 72) 396 (371 - 421) 2,075 (1,922 - 2,226) 2,472 (2,312 - 2,629)
Montana 505 (479 - 530) 11 (10 - 13) 74 (70 - 78) 419 (395 - 443) 493 (468 - 518)
Nebraska 809 (761 - 858) 17 (14 - 20) 131 (123 - 138) 661 (615 - 707) 792 (743 - 839)
Nevada 1,194 (1,112 - 1,275) 30 (24 - 37) 168 (156 - 180) 996    (917 - 1,072) 1,164 (1,082 - 1,244)
New Hampshire 711 (676 - 745) 15 (13 - 17) 102   (97 - 107) 594 (560 - 626) 696 (661 - 730)
New Jersey 4,178 (3,920 - 4,431) 124 (105 - 146) 556 (519 - 590) 3,499 (3,248 - 3,740) 4,054 (3,795 - 4,305)
New Mexico 797 (742 - 852) 21 (18 - 26) 126 (117 - 135) 649 (597 - 701) 775 (721 - 830)
New York 9,144 (8,846 - 9,438) 244 (222 - 269) 1,461 (1,416 - 1,505) 7,438 (7,147 - 7,725) 8,899 (8,603 - 9,192)
North Carolina 3,785 (3,536 - 4,036) 95   (79 - 112) 619 (580 - 657) 3,071 (2,832 - 3,311) 3,690 (3,440 - 3,938)
North Dakota 338 (320 - 355) 6 (5 - 8) 65 (62 - 68) 266 (249 - 283) 331 (314 - 349)
Ohio 5,046 (4,890 - 5,200) 127 (115 - 139) 777 (753 - 800) 4,143 (3,992 - 4,292) 4,919 (4,764 - 5,073)
Oklahoma 1,427 (1,327 - 1,527) 32 (27 - 39) 238 (221 - 255) 1,156 (1,062 - 1,251) 1,394 (1,295 - 1,493)
Oregon 1,936 (1,833 - 2,037) 36 (31 - 43) 254 (238 - 269) 1,646 (1,546 - 1,741) 1,899 (1,796 - 1,999)
Pennsylvania 5,977 (5,797 - 6,155) 130 (117 - 143) 904 (874 - 933) 4,944 (4,769 - 5,116) 5,848 (5,668 - 6,025)
Rhode Island 567 (539 - 594) 12 (10 - 14) 97   (93 - 102) 457 (430 - 482) 554 (526 - 581)
South Carolina 1,950 (1,826 - 2,075) 44 (36 - 52) 311 (292 - 330) 1,596 (1,477 - 1,713) 1,907 (1,782 - 2,029)
South Dakota 385 (365 - 405) 9   (8 - 11) 62 (58 - 65) 314 (295 - 332) 376 (356 - 395)
Tennessee 2,090 (1,925 - 2,260) 51 (42 - 62) 340 (314 - 366) 1,699 (1,541 - 1,861) 2,039 (1,874 - 2,207)
Texas 9,962   (9,612 - 10,311) 270 (243 - 299) 1,652 (1,594 - 1,709) 8,040 (7,702 - 8,377) 9,692   (9,343 - 10,039)
Utah 650 (590 - 714) 20 (15 - 26) 121 (107 - 137) 509 (451 - 570) 630 (570 - 693)
Vermont 317 (299 - 334) 8 (7 - 9) 52 (49 - 54) 257 (240 - 274) 309 (291 - 326)
Virginia 3,690 (3,477 - 3,899) 75 (63 - 89) 562 (527 - 596) 3,052 (2,848 - 3,251) 3,614 (3,401 - 3,822)
Washington 3,176 (2,996 - 3,354) 68 (57 - 81) 461 (435 - 485) 2,647 (2,472 - 2,816) 3,108 (2,927 - 3,283)
West Virginia 591 (541 - 643) 18 (15 - 21) 106   (99 - 113) 467 (419 - 517) 573 (523 - 624)
Wisconsin 2,911 (2,752 - 3,066) 67 (57 - 79) 426 (404 - 447) 2,418 (2,263 - 2,565) 2,844 (2,684 - 2,996)
Wyoming 250 (235 - 265) 6 (5 - 7) 39 (37 - 42) 205 (191 - 219) 244 (229 - 259)
131024
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 59,015 (57,936 - 60,104) 1,824 (1,752 - 1,900) 13,657 (13,381 - 13,935) 43,533 (42,522 - 44,558) 57,191 (56,109 - 58,283)
Northeast 11,589 (11,205 - 11,982) 352 (327 - 378) 2,746 (2,666 - 2,826) 8,491 (8,131 - 8,862) 11,237 (10,856 - 11,628)
Midwest 14,066 (13,690 - 14,449) 413 (390 - 438) 3,239 (3,162 - 3,316) 10,414 (10,062 - 10,775) 13,652 (13,277 - 14,033)
South 20,571 (19,956 - 21,196) 637 (599 - 677) 4,622 (4,495 - 4,751) 15,312 (14,739 - 15,896) 19,934 (19,323 - 20,554)
West 12,789 (12,317 - 13,275) 422 (387 - 460) 3,051 (2,941 - 3,162) 9,316 (8,868 - 9,782) 12,367 (11,896 - 12,852)
Alabama 800 (714 - 894) 27 (23 - 33) 165 (148 - 183) 608 (528 - 697) 773 (687 - 866)
Alaska 135 (122 - 150) 4 (3 - 5) 33 (30 - 36) 99   (86 - 112) 131 (118 - 146)
Arizona 1,160 (1,032 - 1,300) 37 (29 - 45) 269 (241 - 298) 855 (738 - 985) 1,124    (996 - 1,262)
Arkansas 494 (439 - 553) 18 (15 - 21) 106   (95 - 117) 370 (319 - 427) 476 (421 - 535)
California 6,486 (6,108 - 6,882) 221 (194 - 252) 1,583 (1,494 - 1,675) 4,682 (4,322 - 5,063) 6,265 (5,888 - 6,661)
Colorado 972    (870 - 1,081) 28 (23 - 35) 238 (217 - 260) 705 (613 - 808) 944    (842 - 1,052)
Connecticut 777 (699 - 861) 23 (19 - 29) 174 (158 - 189) 580 (508 - 659) 754 (676 - 837)
Delaware 174 (156 - 194) 5 (4 - 6) 44 (40 - 48) 126 (109 - 144) 170 (151 - 189)
District of Columbia 176 (161 - 191) 2 (1 - 2) 50 (46 - 54) 124 (110 - 139) 174 (159 - 190)
Florida 3,439 (3,221 - 3,668) 94   (83 - 107) 707 (668 - 746) 2,639 (2,430 - 2,861) 3,345 (3,128 - 3,574)
Georgia 1,551 (1,374 - 1,745) 53 (43 - 65) 347 (308 - 389) 1,151    (991 - 1,330) 1,498 (1,322 - 1,691)
Hawaii 246 (219 - 274) 7 (5 - 8) 54 (49 - 59) 185 (161 - 212) 239 (213 - 267)
Idaho 255 (226 - 287) 10   (8 - 12) 53 (47 - 60) 192 (165 - 222) 245 (216 - 277)
Illinois 2,750 (2,601 - 2,903) 79 (70 - 90) 624 (595 - 654) 2,046 (1,906 - 2,193) 2,670 (2,523 - 2,824)
Indiana 1,292 (1,168 - 1,424) 39 (32 - 47) 315 (288 - 342) 938    (824 - 1,063) 1,253 (1,130 - 1,384)
Iowa 701 (636 - 769) 21 (17 - 25) 174 (160 - 188) 506 (446 - 570) 680 (615 - 748)
Kansas 545 (489 - 604) 18 (15 - 22) 131 (119 - 144) 395 (344 - 450) 526 (471 - 586)
Kentucky 802 (722 - 889) 25 (21 - 31) 189 (172 - 207) 587 (512 - 669) 776 (697 - 863)
Louisiana 935    (852 - 1,024) 26 (21 - 31) 199 (182 - 216) 711 (633 - 795) 909 (827 - 997)
Maine 246 (219 - 275) 7 (6 - 9) 55 (50 - 60) 184 (159 - 212) 239 (212 - 268)
Maryland 1,124 (1,006 - 1,253) 33 (27 - 41) 271 (246 - 297) 820 (712 - 940) 1,091    (973 - 1,219)
Massachusetts 1,499 (1,351 - 1,657) 42 (35 - 50) 363 (334 - 393) 1,094    (957 - 1,244) 1,457 (1,310 - 1,615)
Michigan 2,056 (1,946 - 2,171) 62 (56 - 70) 472 (451 - 493) 1,522 (1,416 - 1,633) 1,994 (1,884 - 2,108)
Minnesota 1,198 (1,085 - 1,318) 34 (28 - 40) 268 (245 - 291) 897    (792 - 1,010) 1,164 (1,051 - 1,283)
Mississippi 484 (430 - 544) 18 (15 - 22) 110   (99 - 122) 357 (306 - 413) 466 (412 - 526)
Missouri 1,155 (1,035 - 1,283) 36 (30 - 44) 258 (233 - 283) 861 (752 - 981) 1,118 (1,000 - 1,246)
Montana 214 (194 - 235) 7 (6 - 8) 51 (47 - 56) 156 (137 - 176) 207 (187 - 229)
Nebraska 363 (327 - 400) 11   (9 - 13) 86 (78 - 94) 266 (234 - 301) 352 (316 - 389)
Nevada 546 (485 - 612) 15 (12 - 19) 106   (94 - 119) 424 (368 - 486) 531 (470 - 596)
New Hampshire 271 (245 - 300) 9   (7 - 11) 70 (65 - 76) 192 (168 - 219) 263 (236 - 291)
New Jersey 1,739 (1,557 - 1,934) 62 (51 - 75) 403 (365 - 441) 1,274 (1,105 - 1,461) 1,677 (1,496 - 1,872)
New Mexico 363 (322 - 409) 13 (11 - 16) 84 (76 - 93) 267 (228 - 310) 351 (309 - 396)
New York 3,991 (3,756 - 4,235) 125 (110 - 142) 956    (908 - 1,004) 2,910 (2,689 - 3,143) 3,865 (3,632 - 4,109)
North Carolina 1,454 (1,276 - 1,649) 52 (42 - 64) 351 (312 - 393) 1,050    (891 - 1,231) 1,401 (1,225 - 1,594)
North Dakota 173 (158 - 189) 4 (3 - 4) 49 (46 - 53) 120 (107 - 135) 170 (155 - 186)
Ohio 2,330 (2,209 - 2,455) 69 (62 - 78) 529 (504 - 555) 1,731 (1,617 - 1,851) 2,261 (2,140 - 2,386)
Oklahoma 672 (598 - 752) 21 (17 - 26) 162 (146 - 178) 489 (422 - 564) 651 (578 - 731)
Oregon 734 (660 - 814) 23 (19 - 28) 162 (146 - 178) 549 (481 - 624) 711 (637 - 790)
Pennsylvania 2,673 (2,526 - 2,826) 73 (64 - 82) 618 (589 - 648) 1,982 (1,843 - 2,129) 2,600 (2,454 - 2,753)
Rhode Island 269 (245 - 295) 7 (5 - 8) 71 (66 - 77) 191 (169 - 215) 263 (238 - 288)
South Carolina 928    (835 - 1,028) 26 (21 - 31) 204 (186 - 224) 698 (612 - 792) 903    (810 - 1,001)
South Dakota 195 (178 - 212) 6 (5 - 7) 47 (44 - 51) 141 (126 - 158) 189 (172 - 206)
Tennessee 963    (852 - 1,085) 33 (26 - 40) 216 (192 - 241) 714 (614 - 828) 930    (820 - 1,051)
Texas 4,867 (4,587 - 5,160) 153 (134 - 174) 1,083 (1,024 - 1,143) 3,632 (3,367 - 3,910) 4,714 (4,436 - 5,006)
Utah 348 (305 - 394) 15 (11 - 19) 88   (76 - 102) 245 (207 - 287) 333 (291 - 379)
Vermont 124 (111 - 137) 5 (4 - 5) 36 (33 - 39) 83 (72 - 96) 119 (107 - 132)
Virginia 1,395 (1,245 - 1,559) 40 (33 - 49) 343 (308 - 379) 1,012    (874 - 1,166) 1,355 (1,205 - 1,518)
Washington 1,221 (1,094 - 1,359) 40 (33 - 48) 301 (275 - 328) 880    (763 - 1,011) 1,181 (1,055 - 1,318)
West Virginia 312 (277 - 349) 11   (9 - 14) 76 (70 - 83) 224 (193 - 259) 300 (266 - 337)
Wisconsin 1,309 (1,172 - 1,456) 34 (28 - 42) 285 (261 - 309) 990    (861 - 1,131) 1,275 (1,138 - 1,421)
Wyoming 109   (99 - 121) 3 (3 - 4) 29 (26 - 31) 77 (68 - 88) 106   (95 - 118)
131024
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 109,348 (108,027 - 110,643) 10,034   (9,880 - 10,190) 11,885 (11,648 - 12,123) 87,428 (86,162 - 88,687) 99,313   (98,003 - 100,593)
Northeast 19,189 (18,739 - 19,637) 1,657 (1,608 - 1,706) 1,947 (1,880 - 2,016) 15,585 (15,147 - 16,025) 17,532 (17,086 - 17,975)
Midwest 21,181 (20,744 - 21,617) 2,033 (1,984 - 2,082) 2,203 (2,138 - 2,269) 16,945 (16,526 - 17,366) 19,148 (18,717 - 19,577)
South 42,430 (41,679 - 43,173) 3,953 (3,867 - 4,039) 4,760 (4,650 - 4,872) 33,717 (32,995 - 34,437) 38,477 (37,734 - 39,211)
West 26,548 (25,947 - 27,143) 2,392 (2,318 - 2,467) 2,974 (2,867 - 3,084) 21,182 (20,598 - 21,762) 24,156 (23,559 - 24,745)
Alabama 1,792 (1,686 - 1,898) 164 (152 - 177) 208 (190 - 226) 1,419 (1,320 - 1,520) 1,627 (1,524 - 1,731)
Alaska 226 (210 - 242) 23 (21 - 25) 26 (24 - 30) 177 (161 - 192) 203 (187 - 219)
Arizona 2,370 (2,207 - 2,535) 217 (198 - 237) 258 (232 - 286) 1,894 (1,740 - 2,050) 2,153 (1,993 - 2,314)
Arkansas 1,022    (953 - 1,094) 94   (87 - 102) 110 (100 - 121) 818 (751 - 885) 928 (860 - 998)
California 14,478 (13,986 - 14,969) 1,296 (1,235 - 1,358) 1,689 (1,596 - 1,784) 11,494 (11,021 - 11,967) 13,182 (12,696 - 13,666)
Colorado 1,657 (1,534 - 1,784) 145 (131 - 159) 160 (142 - 179) 1,353 (1,238 - 1,470) 1,513 (1,393 - 1,636)
Connecticut 1,277 (1,186 - 1,369) 110 (100 - 121) 110   (98 - 124) 1,056    (970 - 1,144) 1,166 (1,078 - 1,256)
Delaware 311 (290 - 333) 27 (25 - 30) 35 (31 - 39) 249 (229 - 269) 284 (263 - 305)
District of Columbia 215 (200 - 231) 14 (12 - 15) 30 (27 - 34) 171 (156 - 187) 202 (186 - 218)
Florida 7,560 (7,273 - 7,847) 585 (559 - 611) 803 (765 - 842) 6,172 (5,893 - 6,452) 6,975 (6,690 - 7,260)
Georgia 3,456 (3,224 - 3,691) 358 (331 - 386) 408 (372 - 447) 2,690 (2,473 - 2,910) 3,098 (2,872 - 3,328)
Hawaii 454 (421 - 488) 39 (36 - 43) 43 (39 - 49) 371 (339 - 403) 414 (382 - 448)
Idaho 500 (465 - 537) 48 (44 - 52) 56 (50 - 62) 396 (363 - 431) 452 (417 - 488)
Illinois 4,353 (4,187 - 4,519) 428 (408 - 447) 451 (425 - 477) 3,474 (3,313 - 3,638) 3,925 (3,760 - 4,091)
Indiana 2,032 (1,883 - 2,186) 206 (188 - 225) 219 (196 - 243) 1,607 (1,466 - 1,753) 1,826 (1,679 - 1,978)
Iowa 893 (824 - 965) 84 (77 - 92) 96   (86 - 108) 713 (648 - 781) 809 (741 - 879)
Kansas 868 (801 - 937) 86 (78 - 95) 91   (80 - 101) 691 (628 - 756) 782 (716 - 849)
Kentucky 1,506 (1,403 - 1,611) 134 (123 - 145) 165 (150 - 181) 1,207 (1,109 - 1,307) 1,372 (1,271 - 1,475)
Louisiana 1,580 (1,485 - 1,676) 162 (151 - 174) 204 (188 - 221) 1,214 (1,125 - 1,305) 1,418 (1,325 - 1,512)
Maine 419 (386 - 453) 35 (32 - 38) 36 (32 - 41) 348 (316 - 380) 384 (351 - 418)
Maryland 2,126 (1,982 - 2,271) 206 (190 - 222) 223 (201 - 245) 1,697 (1,561 - 1,835) 1,920 (1,779 - 2,063)
Massachusetts 2,196 (2,037 - 2,358) 172 (157 - 187) 224 (200 - 250) 1,800 (1,650 - 1,954) 2,024 (1,868 - 2,183)
Michigan 3,294 (3,166 - 3,423) 313 (297 - 328) 345 (326 - 365) 2,636 (2,512 - 2,762) 2,982 (2,855 - 3,109)
Minnesota 1,638 (1,515 - 1,766) 140 (127 - 155) 149 (131 - 168) 1,349 (1,232 - 1,470) 1,498 (1,377 - 1,623)
Mississippi 1,113 (1,043 - 1,184) 112 (104 - 120) 137 (125 - 148) 865 (799 - 932) 1,002    (933 - 1,071)
Missouri 1,826 (1,688 - 1,969) 183 (168 - 199) 201 (180 - 223) 1,442 (1,313 - 1,576) 1,643 (1,508 - 1,783)
Montana 318 (294 - 343) 25 (23 - 27) 29 (26 - 32) 264 (241 - 288) 293 (270 - 317)
Nebraska 558 (517 - 600) 58 (53 - 63) 55 (49 - 62) 445 (407 - 485) 500 (461 - 542)
Nevada 966    (895 - 1,039) 88 (80 - 96) 103   (93 - 114) 776 (709 - 843) 879 (810 - 949)
New Hampshire 423 (392 - 456) 36 (33 - 39) 37 (33 - 41) 350 (320 - 382) 387 (356 - 419)
New Jersey 3,186 (2,964 - 3,410) 282 (258 - 307) 286 (257 - 316) 2,618 (2,406 - 2,834) 2,904 (2,686 - 3,125)
New Mexico 783 (732 - 835) 65 (59 - 71) 89 (81 - 98) 629 (580 - 678) 718 (668 - 769)
New York 7,161 (6,874 - 7,449) 607 (577 - 638) 777 (735 - 820) 5,777 (5,499 - 6,056) 6,554 (6,270 - 6,839)
North Carolina 3,490 (3,251 - 3,734) 311 (285 - 339) 370 (334 - 407) 2,809 (2,586 - 3,035) 3,179 (2,946 - 3,416)
North Dakota 203 (188 - 219) 17 (16 - 19) 25 (22 - 28) 161 (147 - 176) 186 (171 - 202)
Ohio 3,588 (3,439 - 3,739) 341 (324 - 358) 369 (348 - 391) 2,878 (2,734 - 3,025) 3,247 (3,099 - 3,397)
Oklahoma 1,341 (1,251 - 1,432) 121 (110 - 132) 166 (150 - 182) 1,054    (970 - 1,140) 1,220 (1,132 - 1,309)
Oregon 1,251 (1,161 - 1,345) 102   (93 - 112) 127 (114 - 141) 1,022    (936 - 1,111) 1,149 (1,060 - 1,241)
Pennsylvania 3,990 (3,823 - 4,158) 371 (352 - 390) 419 (392 - 446) 3,200 (3,038 - 3,365) 3,619 (3,454 - 3,785)
Rhode Island 334 (308 - 360) 29 (26 - 32) 40 (36 - 45) 265 (241 - 289) 305 (280 - 331)
South Carolina 1,653 (1,545 - 1,764) 154 (142 - 166) 177 (161 - 194) 1,322 (1,218 - 1,428) 1,499 (1,393 - 1,608)
South Dakota 243 (225 - 263) 23 (21 - 25) 25 (22 - 28) 195 (178 - 213) 220 (202 - 239)
Tennessee 2,298 (2,146 - 2,452) 214 (197 - 232) 258 (235 - 282) 1,826 (1,682 - 1,971) 2,084 (1,935 - 2,235)
Texas 9,573 (9,241 - 9,904) 991    (947 - 1,036) 1,111 (1,053 - 1,169) 7,471 (7,156 - 7,786) 8,581 (8,256 - 8,906)
Utah 1,015    (953 - 1,078) 127 (116 - 137) 146 (132 - 161) 742 (686 - 799) 888 (828 - 949)
Vermont 204 (188 - 221) 14 (13 - 16) 18 (16 - 20) 172 (156 - 187) 190 (174 - 206)
Virginia 2,766 (2,572 - 2,964) 256 (236 - 277) 298 (268 - 329) 2,213 (2,029 - 2,400) 2,510 (2,319 - 2,705)
Washington 2,362 (2,199 - 2,527) 202 (184 - 220) 231 (208 - 255) 1,929 (1,775 - 2,086) 2,160 (2,001 - 2,322)
West Virginia 627 (583 - 672) 49 (44 - 53) 58 (52 - 63) 521 (479 - 563) 578 (535 - 623)
Wisconsin 1,684 (1,547 - 1,826) 154 (139 - 169) 178 (159 - 198) 1,353 (1,221 - 1,490) 1,530 (1,396 - 1,670)
Wyoming 167 (155 - 180) 16 (14 - 17) 17 (15 - 19) 135 (123 - 147) 151 (139 - 164)
131024
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 9,475 (9,206 - 9,748) 5,964 (5,740 - 6,195)
Northeast 1,966 (1,899 - 2,034) 1,213 (1,163 - 1,265)
Midwest 2,106 (2,043 - 2,169) 1,397 (1,349 - 1,446)
South 3,142 (3,043 - 3,242) 1,978 (1,905 - 2,055)
West 2,261 (2,168 - 2,357) 1,376 (1,306 - 1,448)
Alabama 122 (108 - 136) 77 (67 - 89)
Alaska 21 (19 - 24) 14 (12 - 16)
Arizona 185 (165 - 207) 113   (99 - 129)
Arkansas 82 (73 - 92) 57 (50 - 65)
California 1,270 (1,194 - 1,349) 756 (697 - 819)
Colorado 148 (133 - 164) 87 (76 - 99)
Connecticut 137 (125 - 150) 83 (74 - 93)
Delaware 29 (26 - 32) 18 (16 - 21)
District of Columbia 25 (23 - 27) 14 (12 - 16)
Florida 517 (487 - 549) 312 (288 - 336)
Georgia 248 (219 - 279) 152 (132 - 174)
Hawaii 32 (28 - 36) 19 (17 - 22)
Idaho 41 (36 - 46) 28 (24 - 32)
Illinois 398 (377 - 421) 261 (244 - 280)
Indiana 202 (182 - 223) 137 (121 - 155)
Iowa 103   (94 - 113) 72 (64 - 81)
Kansas 88 (79 - 97) 60 (53 - 68)
Kentucky 104   (92 - 117) 76 (67 - 86)
Louisiana 135 (122 - 149) 81 (72 - 92)
Maine 37 (33 - 41) 24 (21 - 27)
Maryland 164 (147 - 182) 95   (83 - 107)
Massachusetts 244 (223 - 266) 151 (134 - 170)
Michigan 330 (312 - 349) 218 (203 - 234)
Minnesota 150 (134 - 167) 103   (90 - 118)
Mississippi 82 (73 - 92) 48 (42 - 55)
Missouri 163 (145 - 182) 105   (92 - 119)
Montana 35 (32 - 39) 23 (21 - 26)
Nebraska 57 (51 - 62) 38 (34 - 43)
Nevada 90   (79 - 101) 52 (45 - 60)
New Hampshire 63 (58 - 68) 42 (37 - 46)
New Jersey 313 (281 - 346) 198 (175 - 224)
New Mexico 55 (48 - 62) 36 (31 - 41)
New York 691 (653 - 730) 414 (385 - 444)
North Carolina 235 (209 - 263) 140 (121 - 161)
North Dakota 28 (26 - 31) 21 (18 - 23)
Ohio 378 (357 - 399) 246 (229 - 263)
Oklahoma 104   (93 - 117) 70 (61 - 79)
Oregon 109   (97 - 121) 73 (64 - 82)
Pennsylvania 417 (394 - 441) 259 (239 - 280)
Rhode Island 40 (36 - 44) 26 (23 - 29)
South Carolina 118 (105 - 131) 77 (67 - 87)
South Dakota 25 (23 - 27) 18 (16 - 20)
Tennessee 137 (119 - 156) 89   (77 - 104)
Texas 751 (706 - 797) 472 (435 - 512)
Utah 60 (51 - 70) 41 (34 - 49)
Vermont 24 (22 - 27) 16 (14 - 18)
Virginia 230 (206 - 256) 154 (135 - 174)
Washington 198 (177 - 220) 123 (107 - 139)
West Virginia 60 (54 - 67) 47 (43 - 52)
Wisconsin 184 (167 - 202) 118 (105 - 133)
Wyoming 19 (17 - 21) 13 (11 - 14)
131024
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 68,853 (67,632 - 70,104) 2,321 (2,234 - 2,411) 13,349 (13,122 - 13,578) 53,183 (52,021 - 54,377) 66,532 (65,316 - 67,777)
Northeast 12,049 (11,664 - 12,443) 403 (376 - 431) 2,335 (2,261 - 2,409) 9,312 (8,943 - 9,690) 11,646 (11,266 - 12,037)
Midwest 16,458 (16,075 - 16,844) 569 (540 - 599) 3,182 (3,107 - 3,258) 12,707 (12,334 - 13,085) 15,890 (15,507 - 16,273)
South 26,804 (26,180 - 27,450) 881 (835 - 930) 4,969 (4,848 - 5,093) 20,954 (20,342 - 21,586) 25,923 (25,300 - 26,566)
West 13,542 (13,061 - 14,038) 468 (433 - 506) 2,863 (2,759 - 2,969) 10,210   (9,751 - 10,692) 13,073 (12,598 - 13,564)
Alabama 1,286 (1,181 - 1,396) 41 (35 - 50) 235 (216 - 253) 1,010    (911 - 1,115) 1,245 (1,141 - 1,353)
Alaska 181 (165 - 198) 6 (5 - 8) 37 (34 - 41) 137 (122 - 153) 175 (158 - 191)
Arizona 1,383 (1,244 - 1,533) 43 (34 - 53) 265 (238 - 293) 1,076    (947 - 1,215) 1,341 (1,204 - 1,487)
Arkansas 764 (696 - 836) 27 (23 - 33) 135 (124 - 147) 601 (537 - 669) 737 (669 - 807)
California 6,063 (5,686 - 6,456) 207 (180 - 238) 1,377 (1,294 - 1,462) 4,479 (4,124 - 4,856) 5,855 (5,484 - 6,244)
Colorado 1,204 (1,096 - 1,317) 42 (35 - 51) 240 (219 - 261) 922    (822 - 1,028) 1,162 (1,055 - 1,273)
Connecticut 747 (674 - 825) 25 (20 - 30) 139 (126 - 153) 583 (515 - 656) 722 (650 - 799)
Delaware 213 (194 - 234) 7 (6 - 8) 41 (37 - 45) 166 (148 - 185) 206 (187 - 226)
District of Columbia 137 (123 - 151) 2 (2 - 2) 32 (29 - 36) 102   (90 - 116) 135 (121 - 149)
Florida 3,996 (3,762 - 4,242) 100   (88 - 114) 683 (647 - 721) 3,213 (2,986 - 3,451) 3,896 (3,663 - 4,141)
Georgia 2,119 (1,917 - 2,333) 85   (69 - 103) 394 (355 - 434) 1,640 (1,454 - 1,841) 2,034 (1,835 - 2,245)
Hawaii 228 (203 - 256) 8   (7 - 11) 47 (42 - 52) 173 (150 - 199) 220 (195 - 247)
Idaho 332 (298 - 369) 13 (10 - 16) 61 (55 - 68) 258 (226 - 292) 319 (285 - 355)
Illinois 2,815 (2,667 - 2,969) 90   (79 - 101) 557 (528 - 586) 2,169 (2,027 - 2,318) 2,726 (2,579 - 2,879)
Indiana 1,767 (1,621 - 1,921) 59 (49 - 72) 326 (299 - 353) 1,382 (1,246 - 1,526) 1,708 (1,564 - 1,859)
Iowa 679 (614 - 749) 25 (21 - 31) 147 (134 - 160) 506 (446 - 572) 654 (590 - 722)
Kansas 690 (629 - 753) 25 (20 - 30) 141 (129 - 153) 524 (468 - 584) 665 (606 - 728)
Kentucky 1,384 (1,279 - 1,494) 49 (41 - 59) 249 (232 - 265) 1,086    (987 - 1,190) 1,335 (1,231 - 1,443)
Louisiana 1,230 (1,139 - 1,325) 37 (30 - 44) 217 (199 - 234) 977    (890 - 1,067) 1,193 (1,103 - 1,287)
Maine 326 (295 - 358) 10   (8 - 12) 57 (53 - 62) 259 (229 - 290) 316 (286 - 348)
Maryland 1,141 (1,017 - 1,275) 35 (28 - 43) 228 (206 - 251) 878    (764 - 1,004) 1,106    (983 - 1,239)
Massachusetts 1,341 (1,198 - 1,495) 54 (45 - 65) 263 (237 - 291) 1,024    (891 - 1,169) 1,287 (1,145 - 1,440)
Michigan 2,555 (2,436 - 2,678) 88 (78 - 98) 487 (465 - 508) 1,981 (1,867 - 2,100) 2,468 (2,349 - 2,590)
Minnesota 1,195 (1,079 - 1,319) 45 (37 - 54) 251 (229 - 274) 899    (792 - 1,015) 1,150 (1,035 - 1,273)
Mississippi 858 (791 - 927) 32 (27 - 38) 156 (144 - 168) 670 (606 - 736) 826 (759 - 894)
Missouri 1,581 (1,450 - 1,718) 58 (49 - 69) 291 (267 - 315) 1,232 (1,110 - 1,360) 1,522 (1,393 - 1,657)
Montana 260 (239 - 282) 11 (10 - 13) 53 (49 - 57) 195 (175 - 216) 248 (228 - 270)
Nebraska 398 (362 - 437) 14 (12 - 18) 83 (75 - 90) 301 (268 - 338) 384 (348 - 422)
Nevada 610 (548 - 677) 20 (16 - 25) 112 (100 - 124) 478 (421 - 540) 590 (529 - 655)
New Hampshire 295 (267 - 326) 11   (9 - 14) 60 (55 - 65) 225 (198 - 253) 284 (256 - 314)
New Jersey 1,729 (1,542 - 1,932) 62 (50 - 76) 323 (290 - 357) 1,345 (1,171 - 1,535) 1,667 (1,483 - 1,867)
New Mexico 443 (399 - 491) 19 (16 - 23) 97   (89 - 106) 327 (285 - 372) 424 (380 - 471)
New York 3,974 (3,743 - 4,215) 117 (102 - 134) 797 (754 - 841) 3,060 (2,838 - 3,294) 3,857 (3,628 - 4,096)
North Carolina 2,231 (2,026 - 2,449) 71 (58 - 86) 405 (368 - 444) 1,755 (1,563 - 1,961) 2,160 (1,957 - 2,374)
North Dakota 170 (156 - 186) 6 (5 - 7) 41 (38 - 45) 123 (110 - 138) 165 (150 - 180)
Ohio 3,100 (2,962 - 3,241) 108   (97 - 119) 568 (543 - 594) 2,424 (2,291 - 2,561) 2,992 (2,856 - 3,133)
Oklahoma 1,084    (994 - 1,176) 38 (31 - 45) 198 (182 - 215) 848 (764 - 935) 1,046    (958 - 1,137)
Oregon 863 (780 - 951) 26 (21 - 32) 160 (145 - 175) 677 (600 - 760) 837 (755 - 924)
Pennsylvania 3,232 (3,080 - 3,389) 110   (98 - 123) 608 (578 - 638) 2,515 (2,367 - 2,668) 3,123 (2,971 - 3,278)
Rhode Island 251 (228 - 275) 8   (6 - 10) 54 (49 - 59) 190 (168 - 212) 243 (221 - 267)
South Carolina 1,288 (1,180 - 1,401) 44 (36 - 52) 225 (207 - 244) 1,019    (917 - 1,126) 1,244 (1,137 - 1,355)
South Dakota 214 (196 - 232) 8   (7 - 10) 44 (40 - 48) 162 (146 - 178) 206 (188 - 223)
Tennessee 1,750 (1,605 - 1,901) 58 (48 - 70) 294 (269 - 319) 1,398 (1,261 - 1,541) 1,692 (1,549 - 1,841)
Texas 5,053 (4,778 - 5,336) 183 (162 - 207) 1,043    (985 - 1,102) 3,826 (3,566 - 4,099) 4,869 (4,597 - 5,151)
Utah 416 (368 - 468) 17 (13 - 22) 91   (79 - 104) 308 (266 - 355) 399 (352 - 450)
Vermont 154 (139 - 169) 6 (5 - 7) 35 (32 - 37) 113 (100 - 127) 148 (133 - 162)
Virginia 1,685 (1,529 - 1,852) 54 (44 - 65) 337 (305 - 370) 1,295 (1,150 - 1,451) 1,632 (1,477 - 1,796)
Washington 1,406 (1,275 - 1,546) 50 (40 - 61) 291 (266 - 317) 1,065    (943 - 1,197) 1,356 (1,227 - 1,494)
West Virginia 586 (543 - 631) 20 (17 - 23) 97   (91 - 104) 469 (427 - 512) 566 (523 - 610)
Wisconsin 1,293 (1,167 - 1,426) 44 (35 - 53) 247 (225 - 269) 1,003    (886 - 1,129) 1,249 (1,126 - 1,381)
Wyoming 153 (140 - 166) 6 (5 - 7) 31 (28 - 33) 116 (104 - 128) 147 (135 - 160)
131024
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 57,165 (55,993 - 58,368) 1,786 (1,708 - 1,868) 11,247 (11,022 - 11,477) 44,131 (43,027 - 45,268) 55,379 (54,212 - 56,576)
Northeast 9,958   (9,580 - 10,348) 300 (278 - 324) 1,987 (1,911 - 2,064) 7,671 (7,301 - 8,054) 9,657   (9,283 - 10,045)
Midwest 13,650 (13,285 - 14,020) 442 (415 - 471) 2,629 (2,550 - 2,709) 10,579 (10,214 - 10,950) 13,208 (12,846 - 13,573)
South 22,230 (21,630 - 22,853) 667 (628 - 708) 4,187 (4,058 - 4,320) 17,376 (16,776 - 18,000) 21,563 (20,969 - 22,179)
West 11,327 (10,854 - 11,817) 377 (345 - 412) 2,444 (2,336 - 2,555) 8,506 (8,046 - 8,991) 10,950 (10,481 - 11,436)
Alabama 1,032    (939 - 1,132) 32 (26 - 39) 196 (177 - 216) 804 (716 - 899) 1,001    (908 - 1,099)
Alaska 147 (132 - 163) 5 (4 - 6) 31 (28 - 34) 112   (98 - 127) 143 (128 - 158)
Arizona 1,179 (1,052 - 1,316) 35 (27 - 44) 231 (205 - 259) 913    (796 - 1,042) 1,144 (1,019 - 1,280)
Arkansas 613 (553 - 678) 20 (17 - 25) 111   (99 - 122) 482 (425 - 544) 593 (533 - 657)
California 5,107 (4,738 - 5,496) 171 (146 - 200) 1,194 (1,110 - 1,282) 3,741 (3,391 - 4,121) 4,936 (4,570 - 5,322)
Colorado 966    (866 - 1,074) 31 (25 - 39) 192 (172 - 213) 743 (649 - 846) 935    (835 - 1,041)
Connecticut 614 (546 - 689) 18 (14 - 23) 123 (110 - 137) 473 (409 - 544) 596 (529 - 670)
Delaware 180 (162 - 201) 5 (4 - 7) 37 (33 - 40) 139 (121 - 158) 175 (157 - 195)
District of Columbia 115 (103 - 129) 1 (1 - 2) 27 (24 - 31) 86 (75 - 99) 114 (101 - 128)
Florida 3,404 (3,188 - 3,633) 77 (66 - 89) 570 (533 - 608) 2,758 (2,544 - 2,984) 3,327 (3,112 - 3,556)
Georgia 1,681 (1,500 - 1,877) 67 (54 - 83) 335 (295 - 377) 1,279 (1,111 - 1,465) 1,614 (1,434 - 1,809)
Hawaii 203 (178 - 230) 6 (5 - 8) 40 (35 - 45) 157 (134 - 183) 197 (172 - 224)
Idaho 275 (246 - 307) 11   (9 - 13) 51 (45 - 58) 213 (186 - 244) 265 (235 - 296)
Illinois 2,378 (2,243 - 2,519) 69 (60 - 79) 477 (450 - 506) 1,832 (1,701 - 1,969) 2,309 (2,175 - 2,449)
Indiana 1,440 (1,304 - 1,585) 46 (37 - 58) 268 (242 - 295) 1,126    (998 - 1,264) 1,394 (1,259 - 1,537)
Iowa 571 (513 - 634) 21 (17 - 26) 121 (109 - 134) 429 (375 - 488) 550 (493 - 612)
Kansas 551 (496 - 611) 18 (15 - 23) 109   (98 - 121) 424 (373 - 480) 533 (478 - 592)
Kentucky 1,168 (1,067 - 1,275) 39 (33 - 48) 208 (190 - 226) 921    (824 - 1,023) 1,129 (1,028 - 1,234)
Louisiana 1,026    (940 - 1,117) 30 (24 - 36) 187 (170 - 204) 810 (728 - 897) 997    (911 - 1,087)
Maine 283 (256 - 312) 8   (7 - 10) 48 (43 - 52) 228 (202 - 255) 275 (248 - 304)
Maryland 932    (829 - 1,044) 26 (21 - 33) 190 (169 - 213) 715 (621 - 821) 905    (804 - 1,016)
Massachusetts 1,045    (927 - 1,175) 36 (29 - 45) 218 (192 - 246) 791 (681 - 914) 1,009    (892 - 1,137)
Michigan 2,152 (2,043 - 2,265) 66 (59 - 75) 405 (384 - 427) 1,680 (1,574 - 1,792) 2,086 (1,977 - 2,198)
Minnesota 979    (878 - 1,088) 38 (30 - 46) 212 (189 - 236) 729 (637 - 831) 941    (841 - 1,048)
Mississippi 707 (642 - 776) 22 (18 - 27) 130 (118 - 143) 555 (493 - 621) 685 (620 - 753)
Missouri 1,274 (1,156 - 1,400) 45 (37 - 54) 235 (212 - 260) 994    (883 - 1,113) 1,229 (1,112 - 1,354)
Montana 205 (186 - 226) 8   (7 - 10) 43 (39 - 47) 154 (136 - 174) 197 (178 - 218)
Nebraska 333 (298 - 371) 11   (9 - 14) 67 (60 - 74) 255 (222 - 291) 322 (287 - 359)
Nevada 530 (471 - 594) 15 (12 - 20) 100   (89 - 112) 415 (359 - 475) 514 (456 - 578)
New Hampshire 230 (204 - 258) 9   (7 - 11) 49 (44 - 54) 172 (148 - 199) 221 (196 - 248)
New Jersey 1,480 (1,310 - 1,667) 48 (38 - 60) 287 (256 - 321) 1,144    (987 - 1,321) 1,432 (1,264 - 1,616)
New Mexico 377 (336 - 422) 14 (11 - 18) 79 (71 - 88) 283 (245 - 326) 363 (322 - 407)
New York 3,378 (3,156 - 3,611) 85 (73 - 99) 692 (648 - 737) 2,601 (2,387 - 2,827) 3,293 (3,072 - 3,525)
North Carolina 1,886 (1,696 - 2,090) 56 (45 - 69) 349 (312 - 388) 1,481 (1,303 - 1,676) 1,830 (1,642 - 2,032)
North Dakota 142 (128 - 157) 4 (3 - 5) 33 (30 - 37) 105   (92 - 119) 138 (124 - 153)
Ohio 2,622 (2,492 - 2,756) 80 (71 - 90) 465 (441 - 490) 2,076 (1,949 - 2,209) 2,541 (2,413 - 2,675)
Oklahoma 928    (846 - 1,013) 26 (20 - 32) 163 (147 - 180) 739 (662 - 822) 902 (821 - 987)
Oregon 700 (630 - 777) 20 (16 - 25) 132 (117 - 147) 549 (482 - 622) 680 (610 - 756)
Pennsylvania 2,614 (2,467 - 2,768) 85 (75 - 96) 500 (471 - 530) 2,029 (1,888 - 2,177) 2,529 (2,383 - 2,682)
Rhode Island 194 (174 - 216) 6 (5 - 8) 44 (40 - 49) 144 (125 - 165) 188 (168 - 210)
South Carolina 1,088    (989 - 1,193) 34 (27 - 41) 193 (175 - 212) 861 (768 - 961) 1,054    (956 - 1,157)
South Dakota 172 (156 - 189) 6 (5 - 7) 36 (32 - 39) 130 (115 - 146) 166 (150 - 183)
Tennessee 1,453 (1,318 - 1,598) 44 (36 - 54) 238 (214 - 263) 1,171 (1,043 - 1,309) 1,410 (1,275 - 1,553)
Texas 4,221 (3,962 - 4,490) 135 (117 - 156) 905 (847 - 965) 3,181 (2,934 - 3,443) 4,086 (3,830 - 4,353)
Utah 352 (308 - 400) 15 (11 - 20) 84 (72 - 98) 253 (215 - 296) 337 (294 - 384)
Vermont 120 (108 - 132) 4 (4 - 5) 26 (23 - 29) 89   (78 - 101) 115 (104 - 128)
Virginia 1,326 (1,183 - 1,481) 39 (31 - 48) 269 (238 - 302) 1,018    (887 - 1,164) 1,287 (1,146 - 1,441)
Washington 1,166 (1,044 - 1,297) 41 (33 - 51) 243 (219 - 268) 882    (768 - 1,008) 1,125 (1,004 - 1,255)
West Virginia 469 (428 - 513) 15 (12 - 18) 79 (73 - 86) 375 (336 - 417) 454 (413 - 497)
Wisconsin 1,036    (920 - 1,161) 37 (30 - 46) 200 (179 - 223) 799 (690 - 919) 999    (885 - 1,123)
Wyoming 119 (108 - 131) 4 (4 - 5) 24 (21 - 26) 91   (81 - 102) 115 (104 - 126)
131024
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 184,883 (183,671 - 186,081) 16,450 (16,298 - 16,600) 22,824 (22,614 - 23,032) 145,609 (144,421 - 146,763) 168,433 (167,226 - 169,605)
Northeast 34,652 (34,265 - 35,031) 2,847 (2,799 - 2,894) 4,150 (4,082 - 4,216) 27,655 (27,281 - 28,018) 31,805 (31,422 - 32,177)
Midwest 37,794 (37,386 - 38,201) 3,546 (3,496 - 3,595) 4,595 (4,525 - 4,665) 29,653 (29,256 - 30,044) 34,248 (33,841 - 34,650)
South 68,044 (67,443 - 68,635) 6,059 (5,978 - 6,139) 8,331 (8,217 - 8,442) 53,654 (53,073 - 54,217) 61,985 (61,391 - 62,561)
West 44,393 (43,845 - 44,929) 3,998 (3,927 - 4,069) 5,749 (5,655 - 5,840) 34,646 (34,118 - 35,154) 40,394 (39,853 - 40,917)
Alabama 2,723 (2,621 - 2,822) 242 (230 - 255) 339 (322 - 356) 2,142 (2,045 - 2,233) 2,481 (2,380 - 2,577)
Alaska 384 (368 - 399) 38 (36 - 40) 48 (45 - 51) 298 (283 - 312) 346 (331 - 361)
Arizona 3,709 (3,564 - 3,848) 343 (324 - 362) 461 (437 - 485) 2,904 (2,765 - 3,035) 3,366 (3,222 - 3,501)
Arkansas 1,623 (1,555 - 1,687) 150 (142 - 158) 195 (184 - 205) 1,277 (1,213 - 1,338) 1,473 (1,406 - 1,536)
California 23,891 (23,443 - 24,321) 2,149 (2,087 - 2,208) 3,228 (3,148 - 3,304) 18,514 (18,085 - 18,919) 21,742 (21,302 - 22,160)
Colorado 3,014 (2,908 - 3,116) 265 (251 - 278) 361 (342 - 379) 2,388 (2,287 - 2,483) 2,749 (2,645 - 2,849)
Connecticut 2,252 (2,178 - 2,321) 200 (190 - 210) 246 (234 - 258) 1,805 (1,735 - 1,870) 2,051 (1,979 - 2,118)
Delaware 566 (547 - 584) 45 (43 - 47) 70 (67 - 73) 451 (433 - 467) 521 (503 - 538)
District of Columbia 413 (401 - 425) 19 (18 - 20) 69 (66 - 72) 325 (314 - 336) 394 (382 - 405)
Florida 12,324 (12,088 - 12,551) 955 (928 - 980) 1,362 (1,325 - 1,397) 10,008   (9,779 - 10,225) 11,370 (11,136 - 11,593)
Georgia 5,688 (5,492 - 5,876) 546 (519 - 571) 720 (685 - 753) 4,423 (4,239 - 4,595) 5,143 (4,951 - 5,324)
Hawaii 820 (790 - 849) 61 (57 - 64) 96   (91 - 100) 664 (635 - 691) 760 (730 - 788)
Idaho 876 (840 - 909) 90 (86 - 95) 110 (104 - 116) 675 (642 - 707) 785 (750 - 818)
Illinois 7,550 (7,391 - 7,705) 696 (676 - 715) 919 (893 - 945) 5,936 (5,781 - 6,084) 6,855 (6,697 - 7,007)
Indiana 3,614 (3,470 - 3,753) 361 (341 - 379) 459 (434 - 483) 2,794 (2,656 - 2,925) 3,253 (3,111 - 3,389)
Iowa 1,706 (1,637 - 1,772) 163 (155 - 171) 214 (202 - 225) 1,329 (1,263 - 1,391) 1,542 (1,474 - 1,607)
Kansas 1,554 (1,492 - 1,615) 151 (142 - 159) 197 (186 - 208) 1,206 (1,146 - 1,263) 1,403 (1,341 - 1,463)
Kentucky 2,286 (2,183 - 2,385) 210 (198 - 221) 266 (250 - 281) 1,810 (1,712 - 1,904) 2,076 (1,975 - 2,174)
Louisiana 2,652 (2,564 - 2,736) 232 (220 - 243) 352 (337 - 367) 2,068 (1,983 - 2,147) 2,420 (2,333 - 2,502)
Maine 794 (762 - 824) 62 (59 - 65) 78 (74 - 82) 654 (623 - 683) 732 (700 - 762)
Maryland 3,667 (3,553 - 3,775) 310 (295 - 324) 428 (407 - 448) 2,929 (2,822 - 3,027) 3,357 (3,245 - 3,461)
Massachusetts 4,201 (4,063 - 4,332) 322 (307 - 337) 528 (503 - 552) 3,351 (3,219 - 3,472) 3,879 (3,742 - 4,006)
Michigan 5,630 (5,507 - 5,750) 529 (514 - 544) 691 (672 - 711) 4,409 (4,289 - 4,525) 5,100 (4,978 - 5,219)
Minnesota 3,066 (2,944 - 3,184) 281 (267 - 295) 352 (331 - 373) 2,433 (2,316 - 2,542) 2,785 (2,663 - 2,901)
Mississippi 1,617 (1,554 - 1,678) 152 (144 - 161) 216 (206 - 226) 1,249 (1,188 - 1,306) 1,465 (1,403 - 1,524)
Missouri 3,290 (3,157 - 3,419) 303 (286 - 318) 400 (378 - 421) 2,588 (2,461 - 2,708) 2,988 (2,857 - 3,113)
Montana 560 (537 - 582) 48 (46 - 51) 67 (63 - 71) 445 (423 - 466) 512 (489 - 533)
Nebraska 1,025    (986 - 1,063) 98   (93 - 103) 130 (123 - 137) 797 (760 - 832) 927 (889 - 964)
Nevada 1,582 (1,516 - 1,644) 142 (133 - 150) 184 (174 - 194) 1,256 (1,193 - 1,314) 1,440 (1,375 - 1,501)
New Hampshire 814 (785 - 842) 66 (63 - 69) 90 (86 - 95) 658 (630 - 684) 748 (719 - 775)
New Jersey 5,701 (5,517 - 5,872) 491 (467 - 514) 615 (586 - 642) 4,595 (4,420 - 4,754) 5,210 (5,029 - 5,376)
New Mexico 1,241 (1,198 - 1,281) 112 (106 - 117) 152 (144 - 159) 977    (937 - 1,015) 1,129 (1,087 - 1,169)
New York 12,547 (12,312 - 12,773) 1,017    (989 - 1,045) 1,594 (1,552 - 1,635) 9,936   (9,708 - 10,150) 11,530 (11,297 - 11,752)
North Carolina 5,487 (5,276 - 5,690) 496 (471 - 520) 654 (619 - 687) 4,337 (4,133 - 4,528) 4,990 (4,782 - 5,189)
North Dakota 387 (371 - 401) 33 (31 - 35) 56 (53 - 59) 298 (283 - 312) 354 (338 - 368)
Ohio 6,296 (6,150 - 6,439) 596 (579 - 613) 749 (726 - 772) 4,951 (4,808 - 5,090) 5,699 (5,554 - 5,841)
Oklahoma 2,047 (1,965 - 2,126) 185 (173 - 196) 263 (248 - 278) 1,599 (1,522 - 1,672) 1,862 (1,782 - 1,939)
Oregon 2,341 (2,259 - 2,420) 190 (181 - 200) 271 (257 - 285) 1,880 (1,801 - 1,953) 2,151 (2,070 - 2,228)
Pennsylvania 7,309 (7,149 - 7,466) 606 (587 - 625) 862 (833 - 892) 5,841 (5,686 - 5,990) 6,703 (6,544 - 6,857)
Rhode Island 649 (626 - 670) 51 (48 - 54) 89 (85 - 93) 508 (487 - 529) 598 (575 - 619)
South Carolina 2,723 (2,623 - 2,819) 226 (215 - 238) 325 (308 - 341) 2,171 (2,075 - 2,261) 2,497 (2,398 - 2,590)
South Dakota 435 (417 - 452) 42 (39 - 44) 55 (51 - 58) 338 (321 - 355) 393 (375 - 410)
Tennessee 3,528 (3,384 - 3,668) 323 (304 - 340) 431 (407 - 454) 2,774 (2,638 - 2,905) 3,206 (3,064 - 3,342)
Texas 14,799 (14,512 - 15,080) 1,464 (1,420 - 1,507) 1,937 (1,882 - 1,990) 11,399 (11,121 - 11,664) 13,335 (13,052 - 13,608)
Utah 1,607 (1,555 - 1,656) 194 (184 - 203) 250 (237 - 262) 1,163 (1,116 - 1,207) 1,413 (1,363 - 1,460)
Vermont 384 (370 - 398) 30 (28 - 32) 47 (44 - 49) 308 (294 - 320) 354 (341 - 368)
Virginia 4,856 (4,692 - 5,012) 422 (402 - 441) 588 (558 - 617) 3,846 (3,690 - 3,991) 4,434 (4,273 - 4,586)
Washington 4,047 (3,894 - 4,193) 338 (320 - 355) 481 (457 - 503) 3,229 (3,081 - 3,367) 3,710 (3,558 - 3,853)
West Virginia 1,044 (1,003 - 1,084) 82 (78 - 87) 115 (109 - 121) 847 (807 - 885) 962    (921 - 1,001)
Wisconsin 3,242 (3,107 - 3,371) 293 (278 - 309) 373 (352 - 394) 2,575 (2,448 - 2,695) 2,948 (2,816 - 3,075)
Wyoming 321 (308 - 333) 29 (28 - 30) 40 (37 - 42) 252 (240 - 263) 292 (280 - 303)
131024
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 17,193 (16,644 - 17,759) 901 (845 - 961) 4,946 (4,780 - 5,116) 11,346 (10,842 - 11,871) 16,292 (15,750 - 16,850)
Northeast 3,228 (3,026 - 3,445) 163 (147 - 181) 898 (847 - 953) 2,167 (1,978 - 2,372) 3,065 (2,865 - 3,280)
Midwest 3,900 (3,701 - 4,108) 194 (178 - 211) 1,094 (1,045 - 1,146) 2,612 (2,427 - 2,809) 3,706 (3,509 - 3,912)
South 5,703 (5,404 - 6,016) 303 (279 - 330) 1,666 (1,585 - 1,750) 3,734 (3,453 - 4,034) 5,400 (5,105 - 5,709)
West 4,362 (4,085 - 4,656) 241 (213 - 272) 1,287 (1,209 - 1,369) 2,834 (2,581 - 3,110) 4,121 (3,847 - 4,411)
Alabama 199 (164 - 240) 13 (10 - 17) 62 (51 - 73) 125   (96 - 161) 186 (152 - 227)
Alaska 49 (41 - 58) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 15) 33 (26 - 42) 46 (38 - 55)
Arizona 370 (305 - 448) 20 (16 - 27) 101   (83 - 121) 249 (194 - 318) 350 (286 - 427)
Arkansas 128 (104 - 156) 7   (6 - 10) 38 (31 - 45) 82   (63 - 108) 120   (97 - 148)
California 2,218 (2,002 - 2,455) 133 (110 - 161) 685 (621 - 754) 1,401 (1,208 - 1,622) 2,085 (1,873 - 2,320)
Colorado 340 (285 - 404) 15 (12 - 20) 100   (85 - 117) 225 (179 - 283) 325 (271 - 388)
Connecticut 232 (191 - 280) 11   (9 - 15) 60 (51 - 71) 160 (125 - 205) 220 (181 - 268)
Delaware 53 (44 - 63) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (14 - 19) 34 (27 - 44) 51 (42 - 61)
District of Columbia 63 (53 - 74) 1 (1 - 1) 17 (15 - 20) 45 (37 - 55) 62 (52 - 73)
Florida 956    (846 - 1,081) 42 (35 - 51) 258 (233 - 286) 655 (554 - 774) 914    (805 - 1,037)
Georgia 421 (343 - 515) 25 (19 - 32) 127 (104 - 153) 270 (206 - 352) 396 (320 - 489)
Hawaii 82 (68 - 98) 4 (3 - 6) 24 (21 - 29) 53 (41 - 68) 77 (64 - 93)
Idaho 86   (71 - 103) 5 (4 - 6) 25 (21 - 30) 56 (43 - 71) 81 (66 - 98)
Illinois 766 (688 - 853) 37 (31 - 44) 214 (194 - 235) 516 (445 - 597) 729 (652 - 815)
Indiana 368 (307 - 441) 19 (15 - 25) 113   (96 - 133) 236 (184 - 301) 349 (288 - 421)
Iowa 187 (156 - 224) 8   (6 - 11) 56 (47 - 67) 123   (96 - 156) 179 (148 - 216)
Kansas 144 (119 - 173) 8   (6 - 11) 42 (35 - 51) 93   (72 - 120) 136 (111 - 165)
Kentucky 192 (157 - 236) 11   (9 - 15) 55 (45 - 66) 126   (96 - 165) 181 (146 - 224)
Louisiana 247 (208 - 292) 12   (9 - 15) 73 (63 - 85) 162 (129 - 202) 235 (197 - 279)
Maine 73 (60 - 89) 3 (2 - 4) 20 (17 - 23) 50 (39 - 64) 70 (57 - 85)
Maryland 297 (246 - 358) 15 (11 - 19) 84   (70 - 100) 198 (155 - 253) 282 (232 - 343)
Massachusetts 445 (372 - 531) 20 (16 - 25) 125 (107 - 146) 300 (237 - 378) 425 (353 - 511)
Michigan 582 (525 - 646) 31 (26 - 37) 153 (139 - 168) 398 (345 - 459) 552 (495 - 614)
Minnesota 329 (274 - 392) 16 (12 - 21) 94   (79 - 112) 218 (173 - 275) 312 (259 - 375)
Mississippi 126 (103 - 153) 8   (6 - 10) 38 (32 - 46) 80   (61 - 103) 118   (96 - 145)
Missouri 307 (254 - 371) 17 (13 - 22) 89   (74 - 105) 202 (156 - 260) 290 (238 - 354)
Montana 69 (58 - 82) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 23) 45 (36 - 57) 65 (54 - 78)
Nebraska 108   (90 - 128) 6 (4 - 7) 33 (28 - 38) 69 (55 - 88) 102   (85 - 122)
Nevada 197 (161 - 239) 9   (6 - 12) 47 (39 - 56) 141 (110 - 179) 188 (153 - 229)
New Hampshire 77 (64 - 92) 4 (3 - 5) 24 (20 - 28) 49 (38 - 62) 72 (60 - 87)
New Jersey 498 (411 - 602) 28 (21 - 38) 139 (115 - 166) 331 (256 - 425) 470 (385 - 572)
New Mexico 124 (103 - 148) 8   (6 - 10) 35 (29 - 41) 82   (64 - 104) 116   (96 - 140)
New York 1,081    (960 - 1,215) 53 (44 - 64) 292 (263 - 324) 735 (625 - 864) 1,027    (908 - 1,162)
North Carolina 388 (311 - 481) 24 (18 - 32) 118   (96 - 144) 245 (183 - 328) 363 (289 - 455)
North Dakota 50 (42 - 58) 2 (1 - 3) 18 (15 - 21) 30 (24 - 37) 48 (41 - 56)
Ohio 659 (593 - 732) 31 (26 - 37) 175 (159 - 193) 453 (392 - 523) 629 (563 - 701)
Oklahoma 252 (208 - 304) 11   (8 - 14) 63 (53 - 75) 178 (139 - 226) 241 (198 - 293)
Oregon 247 (207 - 294) 10   (8 - 13) 66 (56 - 77) 171 (136 - 214) 237 (197 - 283)
Pennsylvania 707 (635 - 788) 38 (32 - 45) 201 (181 - 223) 468 (403 - 544) 669 (598 - 750)
Rhode Island 80 (67 - 94) 3 (2 - 4) 25 (22 - 30) 51 (41 - 65) 77 (64 - 91)
South Carolina 235 (195 - 284) 13 (10 - 17) 68 (57 - 81) 154 (120 - 198) 223 (183 - 270)
South Dakota 58 (50 - 68) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (14 - 19) 40 (32 - 49) 56 (47 - 66)
Tennessee 309 (255 - 374) 17 (13 - 22) 84   (69 - 101) 209 (163 - 267) 293 (240 - 356)
Texas 1,345 (1,209 - 1,494) 80 (67 - 95) 414 (375 - 456) 852 (731 - 990) 1,265 (1,132 - 1,413)
Utah 105   (84 - 130) 7   (5 - 10) 39 (31 - 48) 59 (44 - 80) 98   (78 - 122)
Vermont 36 (30 - 44) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 15) 22 (17 - 29) 35 (28 - 42)
Virginia 403 (332 - 487) 19 (15 - 25) 123 (103 - 147) 260 (202 - 334) 384 (315 - 467)
Washington 440 (372 - 521) 22 (17 - 28) 122 (105 - 142) 296 (236 - 371) 419 (351 - 498)
West Virginia 91   (75 - 110) 5 (3 - 6) 28 (24 - 33) 58 (45 - 76) 86   (71 - 105)
Wisconsin 341 (281 - 412) 16 (12 - 21) 91   (77 - 107) 234 (182 - 300) 325 (266 - 395)
Wyoming 36 (31 - 43) 2 (1 - 2) 11   (9 - 13) 23 (19 - 29) 34 (29 - 41)
131024
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 8,192 (7,825 - 8,575) 335 (301 - 373) 2,069 (1,963 - 2,180) 5,788 (5,442 - 6,155) 7,857 (7,494 - 8,235)
Northeast 1,462 (1,339 - 1,597) 56 (48 - 65) 386 (351 - 424) 1,020    (908 - 1,146) 1,406 (1,285 - 1,539)
Midwest 1,798 (1,674 - 1,930) 73 (65 - 83) 442 (412 - 474) 1,283 (1,167 - 1,409) 1,725 (1,602 - 1,856)
South 2,782 (2,573 - 3,006) 116 (101 - 133) 664 (613 - 720) 2,001 (1,810 - 2,211) 2,665 (2,460 - 2,887)
West 2,150 (1,951 - 2,368) 90   (76 - 107) 577 (522 - 636) 1,484 (1,302 - 1,690) 2,060 (1,864 - 2,276)
Alabama 107   (83 - 136) 5 (3 - 7) 24 (19 - 32) 78   (57 - 106) 102   (79 - 131)
Alaska 21 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (10 - 18) 20 (16 - 25)
Arizona 193 (150 - 249) 8   (6 - 12) 46 (35 - 59) 139 (101 - 192) 185 (142 - 240)
Arkansas 67 (51 - 87) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (12 - 21) 48 (34 - 68) 64 (49 - 84)
California 1,102    (956 - 1,269) 48 (37 - 61) 313 (270 - 362) 742 (612 - 898) 1,054    (911 - 1,219)
Colorado 174 (136 - 221) 6 (4 - 8) 45 (36 - 57) 123   (90 - 167) 168 (131 - 215)
Connecticut 96   (74 - 124) 4 (3 - 5) 26 (20 - 34) 67 (48 - 93) 93   (71 - 120)
Delaware 24 (19 - 30) 1 (1 - 1) 8   (6 - 10) 15 (11 - 21) 23 (18 - 30)
District of Columbia 30 (24 - 38) 0 (0 - 1) 10   (8 - 12) 20 (15 - 27) 30 (24 - 37)
Florida 461 (391 - 543) 17 (13 - 21) 99   (84 - 116) 346 (281 - 425) 444 (375 - 526)
Georgia 219 (169 - 285) 9   (7 - 13) 49 (37 - 65) 161 (116 - 222) 210 (160 - 275)
Hawaii 39 (30 - 50) 2 (1 - 2) 11   (9 - 14) 26 (18 - 37) 37 (28 - 49)
Idaho 41 (31 - 53) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 12) 30 (21 - 41) 39 (30 - 51)
Illinois 361 (312 - 418) 14 (12 - 18) 92   (79 - 107) 255 (210 - 309) 347 (298 - 403)
Indiana 164 (128 - 209) 7   (5 - 10) 47 (37 - 59) 110   (79 - 153) 157 (122 - 201)
Iowa 85   (68 - 107) 3 (2 - 5) 25 (19 - 31) 58 (42 - 78) 82   (65 - 104)
Kansas 69 (53 - 89) 3 (2 - 5) 17 (13 - 23) 48 (35 - 68) 66 (50 - 86)
Kentucky 107   (82 - 140) 5 (3 - 7) 23 (18 - 30) 79   (57 - 110) 103   (78 - 134)
Louisiana 120   (96 - 150) 5 (3 - 6) 30 (24 - 38) 85   (63 - 114) 115   (91 - 145)
Maine 36 (28 - 47) 1 (1 - 2) 7   (6 - 10) 27 (20 - 38) 35 (27 - 46)
Maryland 136 (105 - 176) 5 (4 - 7) 39 (30 - 51) 92   (65 - 130) 131 (100 - 170)
Massachusetts 197 (158 - 246) 7 (5 - 9) 62 (49 - 79) 128   (95 - 174) 191 (152 - 239)
Michigan 287 (247 - 333) 12 (10 - 15) 64 (55 - 74) 211 (174 - 256) 275 (235 - 321)
Minnesota 145 (114 - 184) 6 (4 - 8) 37 (29 - 48) 102   (74 - 139) 139 (108 - 178)
Mississippi 69 (54 - 89) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (12 - 20) 51 (37 - 70) 66 (51 - 86)
Missouri 148 (114 - 192) 6 (5 - 9) 35 (27 - 46) 106   (76 - 148) 141 (108 - 185)
Montana 29 (23 - 36) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (15 - 28) 28 (22 - 35)
Nebraska 46 (37 - 58) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 17) 31 (23 - 42) 44 (35 - 56)
Nevada 89 (69 - 116) 4 (2 - 5) 22 (17 - 28) 64 (46 - 89) 86   (65 - 112)
New Hampshire 35 (27 - 45) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11) 25 (18 - 34) 34 (26 - 44)
New Jersey 208 (160 - 271) 9   (7 - 13) 57 (43 - 74) 142   (99 - 202) 199 (151 - 262)
New Mexico 55 (43 - 71) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (11 - 19) 38 (27 - 53) 53 (41 - 68)
New York 512 (433 - 605) 20 (16 - 25) 130 (110 - 153) 362 (291 - 450) 492 (414 - 585)
North Carolina 188 (141 - 250) 9   (6 - 13) 46 (34 - 61) 134   (93 - 192) 179 (133 - 240)
North Dakota 20 (16 - 25) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 9) 12   (9 - 17) 19 (15 - 24)
Ohio 302 (260 - 350) 12   (9 - 15) 67 (58 - 78) 223 (184 - 269) 290 (249 - 338)
Oklahoma 101   (78 - 130) 4 (3 - 5) 24 (18 - 31) 73   (53 - 100) 97   (75 - 125)
Oregon 127   (98 - 164) 4 (3 - 6) 28 (22 - 36) 95   (69 - 131) 123 (94 - 159)
Pennsylvania 326 (281 - 379) 12 (10 - 16) 78 (66 - 92) 236 (194 - 286) 314 (269 - 367)
Rhode Island 35 (27 - 44) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15) 22 (16 - 31) 34 (26 - 43)
South Carolina 123   (94 - 162) 5 (3 - 7) 21 (16 - 28) 97   (70 - 135) 119   (90 - 157)
South Dakota 25 (19 - 31) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (13 - 24) 24 (18 - 30)
Tennessee 154 (118 - 200) 6 (4 - 9) 32 (24 - 42) 116   (84 - 159) 147 (112 - 193)
Texas 624 (536 - 726) 30 (24 - 38) 163 (139 - 191) 430 (351 - 527) 593 (507 - 695)
Utah 57 (44 - 75) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (13 - 23) 37 (26 - 53) 54 (41 - 72)
Vermont 16 (12 - 20) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 11   (8 - 15) 15 (12 - 20)
Virginia 206 (161 - 262) 8   (6 - 11) 55 (42 - 70) 143 (104 - 196) 198 (154 - 253)
Washington 206 (163 - 260) 8   (6 - 12) 53 (42 - 67) 145 (107 - 195) 197 (155 - 250)
West Virginia 46 (36 - 59) 2 (1 - 2) 11   (8 - 14) 34 (25 - 46) 44 (34 - 57)
Wisconsin 146 (112 - 191) 6 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 41) 109   (79 - 152) 141 (107 - 185)
Wyoming 17 (14 - 21) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (8 - 15) 17 (13 - 21)
131024
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 6,921 (6,610 - 7,248) 1,076 (1,015 - 1,141) 2,640 (2,523 - 2,762) 3,205 (2,928 - 3,508) 5,845 (5,540 - 6,167)
Northeast 1,251 (1,157 - 1,355) 177 (159 - 196) 485 (446 - 528) 589 (513 - 677) 1,075    (983 - 1,175)
Midwest 1,435 (1,336 - 1,540) 218 (201 - 237) 514 (478 - 552) 703 (621 - 794) 1,217 (1,122 - 1,319)
South 2,501 (2,343 - 2,670) 371 (341 - 403) 912 (856 - 972) 1,218 (1,081 - 1,373) 2,130 (1,978 - 2,295)
West 1,734 (1,594 - 1,885) 311 (277 - 348) 729 (665 - 797) 695 (592 - 816) 1,423 (1,293 - 1,566)
Alabama 101   (82 - 126) 12   (9 - 16) 33 (26 - 42) 56 (40 - 79) 89   (70 - 113)
Alaska 15 (12 - 18) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9) 12 (10 - 15)
Arizona 153 (124 - 188) 29 (23 - 38) 50 (38 - 66) 73   (53 - 101) 123   (97 - 157)
Arkansas 69 (56 - 86) 9   (7 - 12) 27 (21 - 34) 34 (24 - 47) 60 (48 - 76)
California 926    (819 - 1,047) 169 (143 - 200) 428 (375 - 487) 329 (255 - 425) 757 (657 - 871)
Colorado 126 (103 - 152) 22 (17 - 28) 52 (41 - 65) 52 (37 - 74) 104   (82 - 130)
Connecticut 81   (66 - 100) 14 (11 - 18) 29 (23 - 37) 38 (27 - 54) 68 (53 - 86)
Delaware 22 (18 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 14) 19 (15 - 24)
District of Columbia 19 (15 - 23) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 10   (7 - 14) 17 (14 - 22)
Florida 424 (371 - 484) 59 (50 - 69) 164 (143 - 188) 201 (158 - 255) 365 (314 - 424)
Georgia 204 (166 - 251) 31 (24 - 40) 73 (57 - 94) 100   (72 - 138) 173 (137 - 218)
Hawaii 23 (19 - 28) 5 (3 - 6) 10   (7 - 12) 9   (6 - 13) 19 (14 - 24)
Idaho 30 (24 - 36) 6 (4 - 7) 11   (9 - 15) 13   (9 - 18) 24 (19 - 30)
Illinois 264 (231 - 302) 39 (33 - 47) 108 (94 - 124) 117   (91 - 149) 225 (193 - 262)
Indiana 136 (110 - 167) 20 (16 - 26) 50 (38 - 64) 66 (47 - 92) 115   (91 - 146)
Iowa 61 (49 - 75) 9   (7 - 11) 24 (18 - 31) 28 (20 - 40) 52 (41 - 66)
Kansas 56 (44 - 70) 9   (7 - 12) 19 (15 - 25) 27 (19 - 39) 46 (36 - 60)
Kentucky 95   (78 - 116) 12   (9 - 15) 34 (27 - 43) 49 (36 - 67) 84   (67 - 104)
Louisiana 98   (81 - 119) 12   (9 - 15) 35 (27 - 44) 52 (38 - 70) 86   (70 - 107)
Maine 30 (24 - 38) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 14) 15 (11 - 22) 26 (21 - 34)
Maryland 134 (109 - 164) 19 (14 - 24) 54 (43 - 68) 61 (43 - 87) 115   (92 - 145)
Massachusetts 141 (116 - 172) 24 (19 - 31) 56 (44 - 71) 61 (43 - 86) 117   (93 - 147)
Michigan 233 (202 - 267) 37 (32 - 44) 74 (64 - 85) 121   (96 - 153) 195 (166 - 229)
Minnesota 105   (85 - 130) 19 (15 - 24) 37 (28 - 48) 50 (36 - 70) 87   (68 - 110)
Mississippi 64 (51 - 79) 8   (6 - 10) 23 (18 - 29) 33 (24 - 47) 56 (44 - 71)
Missouri 131 (106 - 161) 18 (14 - 23) 47 (37 - 60) 65 (47 - 90) 113   (89 - 142)
Montana 22 (18 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 13) 19 (15 - 23)
Nebraska 36 (29 - 45) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 18 (13 - 26) 30 (23 - 39)
Nevada 60 (49 - 75) 10   (8 - 14) 23 (17 - 30) 27 (19 - 38) 50 (39 - 64)
New Hampshire 31 (26 - 38) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 16) 13   (9 - 19) 26 (21 - 33)
New Jersey 182 (151 - 221) 31 (24 - 41) 74 (59 - 94) 77   (55 - 107) 151 (121 - 188)
New Mexico 53 (43 - 65) 11   (8 - 14) 18 (14 - 24) 24 (17 - 34) 42 (33 - 54)
New York 447 (391 - 510) 54 (45 - 65) 184 (159 - 211) 209 (165 - 264) 392 (338 - 455)
North Carolina 232 (188 - 285) 34 (26 - 43) 82   (65 - 104) 116   (84 - 161) 199 (157 - 250)
North Dakota 15 (12 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 6 (5 - 9) 13 (10 - 16)
Ohio 274 (241 - 312) 36 (30 - 43) 95   (82 - 109) 143 (116 - 177) 238 (206 - 275)
Oklahoma 80   (63 - 101) 11   (8 - 15) 27 (20 - 35) 42 (30 - 60) 69 (53 - 89)
Oregon 98   (81 - 120) 15 (12 - 19) 37 (30 - 46) 46 (34 - 64) 84   (67 - 104)
Pennsylvania 294 (256 - 338) 38 (32 - 46) 100   (85 - 117) 156 (125 - 194) 256 (219 - 299)
Rhode Island 27 (23 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 13) 13   (9 - 18) 24 (19 - 30)
South Carolina 111   (91 - 136) 14 (11 - 19) 36 (28 - 46) 61 (45 - 83) 97   (77 - 121)
South Dakota 16 (13 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (6 - 12) 14 (10 - 17)
Tennessee 150 (123 - 183) 18 (13 - 23) 59 (47 - 74) 74   (54 - 101) 133 (107 - 165)
Texas 492 (430 - 564) 99   (83 - 117) 170 (145 - 200) 223 (173 - 287) 393 (334 - 463)
Utah 64 (52 - 77) 11   (8 - 14) 24 (18 - 31) 29 (21 - 40) 53 (42 - 66)
Vermont 17 (14 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (6 - 10) 7   (5 - 10) 15 (12 - 19)
Virginia 158 (129 - 193) 25 (19 - 32) 62 (48 - 80) 71 (50 - 99) 133 (106 - 167)
Washington 154 (127 - 187) 25 (20 - 33) 56 (44 - 71) 72 (52 - 99) 129 (103 - 161)
West Virginia 46 (37 - 56) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 20) 25 (18 - 34) 41 (33 - 51)
Wisconsin 108   (87 - 133) 19 (14 - 25) 37 (28 - 49) 52 (37 - 72) 89   (70 - 114)
Wyoming 11   (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (4 - 7) 9   (7 - 12)
131024
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 4,811 (4,541 - 5,097) 565 (519 - 615) 1,870 (1,770 - 1,975) 2,376 (2,139 - 2,639) 4,246 (3,982 - 4,527)
Northeast 886 (802 - 979) 90   (79 - 103) 337 (305 - 373) 458 (390 - 538) 795 (713 - 887)
Midwest 955    (875 - 1,042) 115 (102 - 128) 358 (329 - 389) 483 (418 - 558) 841 (764 - 925)
South 1,707 (1,574 - 1,851) 204 (183 - 228) 637 (590 - 687) 866 (757 - 990) 1,503 (1,375 - 1,643)
West 1,263 (1,137 - 1,402) 156 (134 - 181) 538 (483 - 598) 569 (471 - 687) 1,107    (987 - 1,241)
Alabama 66 (51 - 86) 8   (6 - 11) 24 (18 - 32) 34 (23 - 50) 58 (44 - 77)
Alaska 10   (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 11)
Arizona 115   (89 - 150) 15 (11 - 21) 42 (31 - 57) 58 (39 - 84) 100   (75 - 132)
Arkansas 46 (35 - 59) 5 (4 - 7) 17 (13 - 23) 23 (16 - 35) 40 (31 - 53)
California 677 (583 - 786) 85   (67 - 106) 311 (267 - 363) 281 (211 - 373) 592 (503 - 697)
Colorado 91   (71 - 117) 10   (7 - 13) 39 (29 - 52) 42 (29 - 62) 82   (62 - 106)
Connecticut 53 (40 - 68) 6 (5 - 9) 19 (14 - 26) 27 (18 - 40) 46 (35 - 62)
Delaware 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 8   (5 - 11) 14 (10 - 18)
District of Columbia 15 (11 - 20) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 7) 9   (6 - 13) 14 (11 - 19)
Florida 300 (256 - 352) 31 (25 - 38) 112   (95 - 131) 157 (122 - 203) 269 (227 - 319)
Georgia 131 (100 - 172) 16 (12 - 23) 48 (35 - 66) 67 (45 - 98) 115   (86 - 154)
Hawaii 18 (14 - 24) 2 (2 - 3) 7   (5 - 10) 9   (5 - 13) 16 (12 - 21)
Idaho 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 11) 9   (6 - 14) 18 (13 - 23)
Illinois 176 (149 - 207) 20 (16 - 25) 68 (57 - 81) 87   (66 - 114) 155 (130 - 186)
Indiana 90   (70 - 116) 11   (8 - 16) 35 (26 - 47) 44 (30 - 64) 79   (60 - 104)
Iowa 37 (28 - 49) 5 (3 - 6) 15 (11 - 21) 17 (11 - 26) 32 (24 - 44)
Kansas 33 (24 - 45) 5 (3 - 6) 13   (9 - 18) 16 (10 - 25) 29 (21 - 40)
Kentucky 72 (57 - 92) 7   (5 - 10) 28 (22 - 37) 37 (26 - 52) 65 (50 - 84)
Louisiana 73 (58 - 93) 8   (6 - 10) 28 (21 - 37) 38 (27 - 53) 66 (51 - 84)
Maine 20 (15 - 26) 2 (1 - 3) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (7 - 15) 18 (13 - 23)
Maryland 96   (74 - 124) 9   (6 - 12) 38 (29 - 51) 48 (33 - 70) 87   (66 - 114)
Massachusetts 108   (85 - 139) 12   (9 - 16) 43 (32 - 58) 53 (37 - 77) 97   (74 - 126)
Michigan 160 (138 - 187) 20 (16 - 24) 57 (48 - 67) 84   (66 - 107) 141 (119 - 167)
Minnesota 67 (50 - 89) 9   (6 - 12) 24 (17 - 33) 34 (23 - 51) 58 (42 - 79)
Mississippi 46 (36 - 60) 5 (4 - 7) 17 (13 - 22) 24 (16 - 35) 41 (31 - 54)
Missouri 87   (68 - 111) 10   (7 - 13) 33 (25 - 44) 44 (31 - 63) 77   (59 - 100)
Montana 17 (13 - 21) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 8   (5 - 11) 15 (11 - 19)
Nebraska 23 (17 - 30) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (6 - 12) 11   (7 - 17) 20 (14 - 26)
Nevada 46 (35 - 61) 6 (4 - 8) 17 (13 - 23) 23 (16 - 34) 40 (30 - 54)
New Hampshire 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (7 - 15) 19 (15 - 25)
New Jersey 135 (105 - 174) 14 (11 - 20) 53 (39 - 71) 67 (46 - 98) 120   (92 - 158)
New Mexico 36 (28 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 18) 18 (12 - 27) 31 (23 - 41)
New York 320 (269 - 381) 30 (24 - 37) 122 (103 - 144) 169 (129 - 221) 290 (241 - 350)
North Carolina 153 (118 - 198) 17 (13 - 24) 59 (44 - 79) 77   (53 - 112) 136 (103 - 179)
North Dakota 10   (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 12)
Ohio 194 (166 - 226) 21 (18 - 26) 69 (59 - 82) 103   (82 - 130) 172 (146 - 204)
Oklahoma 50 (38 - 66) 6 (4 - 8) 18 (13 - 25) 26 (17 - 39) 44 (32 - 59)
Oregon 75 (58 - 95) 8   (6 - 10) 28 (21 - 37) 39 (27 - 56) 67 (52 - 87)
Pennsylvania 195 (163 - 232) 21 (17 - 26) 69 (57 - 83) 105   (81 - 137) 174 (144 - 210)
Rhode Island 21 (17 - 28) 2 (1 - 3) 8   (6 - 11) 11   (8 - 16) 20 (15 - 26)
South Carolina 73 (57 - 95) 8   (6 - 10) 24 (18 - 33) 41 (29 - 59) 66 (50 - 86)
South Dakota 9   (7 - 13) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 11)
Tennessee 116   (91 - 146) 12   (9 - 16) 47 (35 - 61) 57 (40 - 81) 104   (80 - 134)
Texas 308 (260 - 365) 52 (42 - 65) 110   (91 - 134) 145 (109 - 193) 256 (211 - 311)
Utah 42 (32 - 54) 5 (4 - 7) 18 (13 - 25) 18 (12 - 27) 37 (28 - 48)
Vermont 12 (10 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 5 (4 - 8) 11   (9 - 14)
Virginia 113   (87 - 146) 14 (10 - 19) 43 (31 - 58) 56 (39 - 81) 99   (74 - 131)
Washington 109   (86 - 139) 13 (10 - 17) 39 (29 - 52) 57 (40 - 81) 96   (74 - 125)
West Virginia 34 (26 - 43) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 16) 18 (12 - 26) 31 (23 - 40)
Wisconsin 70 (52 - 93) 9   (6 - 12) 26 (19 - 37) 34 (23 - 52) 61 (44 - 83)
Wyoming 7 (5 - 9) 1 (1 - 1) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 8)
131024
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 21,395 (20,790 - 22,017) 1,618 (1,542 - 1,697) 6,452 (6,268 - 6,640) 13,325 (12,776 - 13,898) 19,777 (19,181 - 20,391)
Northeast 3,943 (3,732 - 4,168) 278 (257 - 302) 1,185 (1,127 - 1,245) 2,480 (2,287 - 2,689) 3,665 (3,459 - 3,885)
Midwest 4,769 (4,560 - 4,987) 336 (314 - 359) 1,385 (1,331 - 1,441) 3,048 (2,855 - 3,254) 4,433 (4,229 - 4,647)
South 7,339 (6,991 - 7,704) 569 (531 - 609) 2,194 (2,107 - 2,284) 4,577 (4,257 - 4,919) 6,771 (6,432 - 7,127)
West 5,343 (5,053 - 5,648) 435 (397 - 476) 1,688 (1,600 - 1,779) 3,220 (2,958 - 3,503) 4,908 (4,624 - 5,206)
Alabama 259 (220 - 305) 22 (17 - 27) 79 (67 - 92) 159 (126 - 200) 238 (200 - 282)
Alaska 57 (49 - 66) 4 (3 - 5) 17 (15 - 19) 36 (29 - 45) 53 (45 - 62)
Arizona 475 (408 - 553) 40 (32 - 51) 136 (116 - 158) 299 (241 - 369) 435 (370 - 510)
Arkansas 181 (153 - 212) 14 (11 - 18) 55 (47 - 64) 112   (89 - 141) 167 (140 - 198)
California 2,709 (2,486 - 2,951) 237 (207 - 271) 919 (846 - 998) 1,553 (1,357 - 1,775) 2,472 (2,255 - 2,709)
Colorado 417 (360 - 481) 29 (23 - 36) 127 (110 - 145) 261 (212 - 320) 388 (333 - 450)
Connecticut 274 (235 - 319) 20 (16 - 25) 76 (66 - 87) 178 (144 - 219) 254 (216 - 298)
Delaware 67 (58 - 78) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (18 - 24) 42 (34 - 52) 63 (54 - 74)
District of Columbia 72 (63 - 83) 2 (2 - 3) 20 (18 - 23) 50 (41 - 60) 70 (61 - 81)
Florida 1,229 (1,107 - 1,365) 82 (72 - 95) 346 (317 - 377) 800 (689 - 929) 1,146 (1,027 - 1,280)
Georgia 564 (477 - 665) 49 (39 - 61) 178 (151 - 209) 338 (266 - 427) 516 (432 - 614)
Hawaii 89   (76 - 105) 7 (6 - 9) 29 (25 - 33) 53 (41 - 67) 82 (69 - 97)
Idaho 105   (90 - 124) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (25 - 35) 67 (53 - 83) 97   (81 - 114)
Illinois 907 (828 - 993) 62 (54 - 71) 276 (254 - 300) 569 (497 - 650) 845 (768 - 930)
Indiana 440 (377 - 512) 32 (26 - 40) 140 (121 - 160) 269 (216 - 334) 408 (347 - 478)
Iowa 219 (187 - 256) 13 (11 - 17) 68 (58 - 78) 138 (111 - 172) 206 (175 - 242)
Kansas 179 (152 - 211) 14 (11 - 18) 54 (46 - 64) 112   (89 - 140) 165 (139 - 196)
Kentucky 262 (222 - 309) 20 (16 - 25) 76 (65 - 88) 166 (132 - 209) 242 (203 - 288)
Louisiana 307 (268 - 351) 21 (17 - 26) 91   (80 - 104) 194 (160 - 234) 285 (247 - 329)
Maine 95   (80 - 112) 6 (4 - 7) 26 (22 - 30) 63 (50 - 79) 89   (75 - 106)
Maryland 376 (322 - 440) 26 (21 - 33) 120 (103 - 138) 230 (184 - 287) 350 (297 - 412)
Massachusetts 514 (442 - 596) 35 (28 - 43) 158 (138 - 181) 321 (258 - 398) 479 (409 - 560)
Michigan 725 (661 - 795) 57 (50 - 65) 191 (176 - 207) 477 (418 - 544) 668 (605 - 737)
Minnesota 401 (345 - 463) 29 (23 - 36) 118 (101 - 136) 254 (207 - 311) 372 (318 - 433)
Mississippi 171 (146 - 201) 14 (12 - 18) 50 (42 - 59) 107   (85 - 133) 157 (132 - 186)
Missouri 397 (337 - 465) 30 (24 - 37) 115   (98 - 133) 252 (201 - 314) 367 (309 - 433)
Montana 86 (74 - 99) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (22 - 29) 54 (44 - 66) 79 (68 - 92)
Nebraska 133 (113 - 154) 10   (8 - 13) 39 (33 - 44) 84   (67 - 103) 122 (104 - 143)
Nevada 225 (190 - 266) 15 (12 - 19) 57 (49 - 67) 153 (122 - 191) 210 (176 - 250)
New Hampshire 97   (83 - 113) 7 (6 - 9) 31 (26 - 35) 59 (47 - 74) 90   (76 - 106)
New Jersey 588 (499 - 691) 49 (39 - 63) 187 (161 - 217) 351 (275 - 445) 538 (453 - 638)
New Mexico 162 (138 - 188) 16 (13 - 19) 45 (39 - 52) 101   (81 - 126) 146 (124 - 172)
New York 1,343 (1,221 - 1,477) 88   (77 - 102) 399 (364 - 436) 856 (746 - 981) 1,255 (1,135 - 1,386)
North Carolina 578 (487 - 682) 46 (37 - 58) 173 (147 - 203) 358 (283 - 453) 532 (444 - 633)
North Dakota 57 (50 - 65) 3 (2 - 4) 21 (18 - 24) 33 (27 - 41) 54 (47 - 62)
Ohio 824 (752 - 902) 53 (46 - 61) 232 (213 - 252) 539 (473 - 613) 771 (700 - 848)
Oklahoma 296 (252 - 347) 19 (15 - 25) 80 (68 - 93) 197 (158 - 244) 276 (234 - 326)
Oregon 303 (262 - 350) 20 (16 - 24) 84 (73 - 96) 199 (163 - 242) 283 (243 - 329)
Pennsylvania 888 (807 - 976) 64 (55 - 74) 261 (239 - 284) 563 (490 - 647) 824 (744 - 911)
Rhode Island 95   (82 - 109) 5 (4 - 7) 31 (27 - 35) 59 (47 - 72) 89   (77 - 103)
South Carolina 312 (268 - 363) 24 (19 - 29) 88   (76 - 101) 200 (162 - 247) 289 (246 - 337)
South Dakota 67 (58 - 77) 4 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 22) 44 (36 - 53) 62 (53 - 72)
Tennessee 413 (355 - 480) 29 (23 - 37) 118 (102 - 137) 266 (215 - 327) 384 (328 - 449)
Texas 1,636 (1,492 - 1,792) 151 (132 - 173) 503 (461 - 549) 981    (854 - 1,125) 1,484 (1,346 - 1,636)
Utah 144 (121 - 170) 12   (9 - 17) 53 (43 - 63) 79   (61 - 100) 131 (109 - 156)
Vermont 51 (44 - 59) 4 (3 - 4) 17 (15 - 19) 31 (24 - 38) 48 (41 - 56)
Virginia 494 (422 - 578) 35 (28 - 44) 160 (137 - 186) 299 (238 - 374) 459 (389 - 541)
Washington 528 (460 - 606) 37 (30 - 46) 153 (133 - 175) 339 (277 - 412) 491 (424 - 567)
West Virginia 122 (103 - 142) 8   (7 - 10) 36 (31 - 41) 78 (62 - 98) 113   (96 - 134)
Wisconsin 421 (357 - 495) 28 (22 - 36) 115   (99 - 133) 278 (222 - 347) 393 (331 - 465)
Wyoming 43 (37 - 50) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (11 - 14) 28 (22 - 34) 40 (34 - 47)
131024
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 6,169 (5,871 - 6,483) 990    (931 - 1,052) 2,422 (2,310 - 2,539) 2,758 (2,494 - 3,050) 5,180 (4,889 - 5,488)
Northeast 1,103 (1,008 - 1,209) 162 (145 - 180) 431 (394 - 471) 511 (434 - 601) 941    (851 - 1,042)
Midwest 1,276 (1,181 - 1,377) 197 (180 - 215) 468 (434 - 504) 611 (533 - 699) 1,079    (989 - 1,177)
South 2,233 (2,074 - 2,404) 349 (320 - 380) 836 (781 - 896) 1,048    (917 - 1,198) 1,884 (1,733 - 2,049)
West 1,557 (1,421 - 1,706) 283 (250 - 318) 686 (625 - 753) 589 (490 - 707) 1,275 (1,149 - 1,414)
Alabama 88   (70 - 110) 12   (9 - 15) 31 (24 - 41) 45 (32 - 63) 76 (59 - 97)
Alaska 14 (11 - 17) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 8) 11   (9 - 14)
Arizona 139 (111 - 173) 28 (21 - 37) 48 (35 - 64) 63 (45 - 89) 111   (86 - 142)
Arkansas 60 (49 - 74) 8   (6 - 11) 25 (20 - 32) 27 (19 - 38) 52 (41 - 65)
California 837 (736 - 952) 154 (129 - 183) 407 (355 - 466) 276 (208 - 366) 683 (591 - 790)
Colorado 110   (89 - 134) 19 (15 - 26) 48 (37 - 61) 43 (30 - 60) 90   (72 - 113)
Connecticut 69 (55 - 85) 12   (9 - 16) 26 (20 - 33) 31 (21 - 44) 57 (44 - 72)
Delaware 18 (15 - 23) 3 (2 - 4) 7   (6 - 10) 8   (6 - 11) 16 (12 - 20)
District of Columbia 18 (15 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 10   (7 - 14) 17 (13 - 22)
Florida 375 (326 - 433) 55 (47 - 65) 148 (129 - 170) 172 (134 - 220) 320 (274 - 375)
Georgia 180 (144 - 225) 30 (23 - 39) 64 (49 - 84) 86   (61 - 121) 150 (117 - 192)
Hawaii 21 (17 - 27) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 12) 8   (5 - 12) 17 (13 - 22)
Idaho 26 (21 - 33) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (8 - 14) 11   (7 - 15) 21 (16 - 27)
Illinois 244 (212 - 280) 37 (31 - 44) 102   (88 - 118) 105   (81 - 137) 207 (178 - 242)
Indiana 119   (95 - 149) 18 (14 - 24) 42 (32 - 55) 58 (41 - 83) 100   (78 - 129)
Iowa 51 (41 - 64) 7   (6 - 10) 21 (16 - 28) 22 (15 - 32) 44 (34 - 56)
Kansas 47 (37 - 60) 8   (6 - 11) 17 (12 - 23) 22 (15 - 32) 39 (30 - 51)
Kentucky 89   (72 - 110) 11   (9 - 15) 32 (25 - 42) 45 (32 - 62) 77 (61 - 98)
Louisiana 89   (72 - 109) 12   (9 - 15) 31 (24 - 40) 46 (34 - 63) 77 (62 - 97)
Maine 25 (21 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 13) 12   (9 - 17) 22 (18 - 28)
Maryland 115   (93 - 144) 17 (13 - 23) 46 (36 - 59) 52 (37 - 74) 98   (77 - 125)
Massachusetts 125 (100 - 156) 21 (16 - 28) 49 (37 - 63) 55 (39 - 78) 104   (81 - 132)
Michigan 207 (179 - 239) 34 (29 - 41) 69 (59 - 81) 103   (81 - 132) 173 (147 - 203)
Minnesota 89   (70 - 112) 16 (12 - 21) 29 (21 - 40) 43 (30 - 62) 73 (56 - 95)
Mississippi 59 (47 - 74) 8   (6 - 10) 22 (17 - 28) 30 (21 - 42) 52 (41 - 66)
Missouri 114   (92 - 141) 16 (12 - 21) 43 (33 - 55) 55 (39 - 77) 98   (77 - 123)
Montana 20 (17 - 25) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 9   (6 - 12) 17 (14 - 21)
Nebraska 33 (26 - 41) 6 (4 - 8) 11   (8 - 14) 16 (11 - 23) 27 (21 - 35)
Nevada 53 (42 - 67) 9   (7 - 13) 20 (15 - 27) 24 (16 - 34) 44 (33 - 57)
New Hampshire 29 (23 - 35) 5 (4 - 6) 12   (9 - 15) 12   (8 - 17) 24 (19 - 30)
New Jersey 157 (126 - 196) 29 (22 - 39) 62 (47 - 80) 66 (46 - 95) 128 (100 - 163)
New Mexico 47 (38 - 58) 10   (7 - 13) 18 (14 - 23) 19 (13 - 28) 37 (29 - 48)
New York 407 (352 - 471) 51 (42 - 63) 169 (145 - 197) 186 (144 - 240) 356 (304 - 417)
North Carolina 215 (172 - 266) 31 (24 - 41) 80   (62 - 103) 103   (73 - 145) 183 (144 - 232)
North Dakota 13 (10 - 16) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 5 (4 - 8) 11   (9 - 14)
Ohio 250 (218 - 286) 34 (28 - 40) 88   (77 - 102) 128 (102 - 160) 216 (186 - 251)
Oklahoma 65 (51 - 83) 10   (7 - 14) 23 (17 - 31) 32 (23 - 47) 55 (43 - 72)
Oregon 90   (73 - 111) 13 (10 - 17) 35 (28 - 44) 42 (30 - 58) 76 (61 - 96)
Pennsylvania 253 (219 - 293) 35 (29 - 42) 87   (74 - 102) 131 (104 - 165) 218 (186 - 256)
Rhode Island 23 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (7 - 15) 20 (16 - 25)
South Carolina 97   (78 - 120) 14 (10 - 18) 33 (25 - 42) 50 (36 - 69) 83   (66 - 105)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 18) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 7   (5 - 10) 12   (9 - 15)
Tennessee 129 (104 - 160) 16 (12 - 22) 51 (40 - 66) 62 (45 - 86) 113   (90 - 142)
Texas 449 (390 - 519) 93   (78 - 111) 164 (139 - 192) 193 (148 - 251) 356 (301 - 421)
Utah 56 (45 - 69) 10   (7 - 13) 23 (17 - 30) 23 (17 - 32) 46 (37 - 58)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 9) 6 (5 - 9) 13 (11 - 17)
Virginia 145 (117 - 179) 23 (18 - 31) 57 (44 - 75) 64 (46 - 88) 121   (96 - 153)
Washington 136 (111 - 167) 22 (17 - 29) 51 (40 - 65) 63 (45 - 88) 114   (90 - 143)
West Virginia 41 (33 - 51) 4 (3 - 5) 15 (12 - 18) 23 (16 - 32) 37 (29 - 47)
Wisconsin 96   (76 - 121) 17 (12 - 22) 35 (26 - 46) 45 (31 - 65) 80   (62 - 103)
Wyoming 9   (7 - 11) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 10)
131024
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 16,359 (15,823 - 16,911) 864 (810 - 923) 4,802 (4,637 - 4,972) 10,692 (10,203 - 11,203) 15,495 (14,965 - 16,040)
Northeast 3,040 (2,845 - 3,249) 157 (141 - 175) 881 (833 - 931) 2,002 (1,823 - 2,198) 2,883 (2,691 - 3,089)
Midwest 3,728 (3,533 - 3,933) 185 (169 - 202) 1,059 (1,011 - 1,109) 2,485 (2,305 - 2,678) 3,544 (3,350 - 3,747)
South 5,509 (5,196 - 5,839) 291 (266 - 319) 1,621 (1,541 - 1,704) 3,598 (3,311 - 3,906) 5,218 (4,911 - 5,542)
West 4,081 (3,813 - 4,365) 231 (204 - 261) 1,242 (1,167 - 1,320) 2,608 (2,369 - 2,871) 3,850 (3,586 - 4,130)
Alabama 193 (155 - 239) 12   (9 - 16) 60 (50 - 72) 121   (89 - 163) 181 (144 - 227)
Alaska 46 (38 - 55) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 15) 31 (24 - 40) 44 (36 - 53)
Arizona 352 (288 - 428) 20 (15 - 26) 97   (81 - 116) 235 (181 - 303) 332 (270 - 407)
Arkansas 121   (96 - 151) 7 (5 - 9) 37 (31 - 44) 76   (56 - 104) 114   (90 - 143)
California 2,044 (1,834 - 2,275) 128 (106 - 155) 664 (603 - 730) 1,252 (1,066 - 1,468) 1,916 (1,710 - 2,145)
Colorado 317 (263 - 381) 14 (11 - 18) 92   (78 - 108) 211 (164 - 270) 303 (250 - 366)
Connecticut 215 (176 - 263) 11   (8 - 14) 58 (49 - 69) 146 (112 - 190) 204 (165 - 252)
Delaware 51 (42 - 62) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (13 - 18) 33 (25 - 43) 49 (40 - 60)
District of Columbia 60 (50 - 71) 1 (1 - 1) 17 (14 - 19) 42 (33 - 53) 59 (49 - 70)
Florida 911    (801 - 1,036) 41 (34 - 50) 249 (225 - 276) 621 (520 - 739) 870 (761 - 994)
Georgia 411 (333 - 506) 24 (18 - 31) 123 (101 - 148) 265 (199 - 351) 387 (311 - 481)
Hawaii 79 (65 - 95) 4 (3 - 6) 24 (21 - 28) 51 (39 - 66) 75 (61 - 91)
Idaho 87   (72 - 106) 5 (4 - 6) 25 (21 - 29) 58 (44 - 75) 82   (67 - 101)
Illinois 730 (651 - 818) 35 (29 - 42) 208 (189 - 228) 487 (417 - 568) 695 (617 - 782)
Indiana 357 (292 - 436) 18 (14 - 24) 109   (91 - 128) 231 (175 - 303) 339 (275 - 417)
Iowa 175 (143 - 213) 8   (6 - 10) 53 (44 - 63) 114   (88 - 148) 167 (136 - 205)
Kansas 135 (110 - 165) 8   (6 - 11) 41 (35 - 49) 86   (65 - 113) 127 (103 - 156)
Kentucky 185 (150 - 228) 11   (8 - 14) 54 (45 - 65) 120   (90 - 160) 174 (140 - 217)
Louisiana 236 (197 - 283) 11   (9 - 14) 71 (61 - 83) 154 (120 - 196) 225 (186 - 271)
Maine 66 (54 - 82) 3 (2 - 4) 19 (16 - 22) 45 (33 - 59) 63 (51 - 79)
Maryland 284 (231 - 348) 14 (11 - 19) 82 (69 - 97) 187 (142 - 246) 269 (218 - 333)
Massachusetts 410 (341 - 492) 19 (15 - 25) 121 (103 - 142) 270 (210 - 345) 391 (323 - 472)
Michigan 561 (502 - 627) 30 (26 - 36) 147 (134 - 162) 384 (330 - 446) 531 (473 - 596)
Minnesota 313 (257 - 380) 15 (12 - 20) 90   (76 - 107) 207 (159 - 268) 298 (242 - 364)
Mississippi 124 (100 - 152) 7   (6 - 10) 36 (30 - 43) 80   (61 - 106) 116   (93 - 144)
Missouri 295 (241 - 361) 17 (13 - 22) 86   (72 - 102) 193 (146 - 253) 279 (225 - 344)
Montana 63 (53 - 76) 3 (3 - 4) 18 (15 - 21) 42 (33 - 54) 60 (49 - 73)
Nebraska 102   (84 - 124) 5 (4 - 7) 31 (26 - 36) 66 (51 - 86) 97   (79 - 118)
Nevada 191 (155 - 234) 8   (6 - 12) 46 (38 - 54) 136 (104 - 177) 182 (147 - 225)
New Hampshire 74 (61 - 90) 4 (3 - 5) 23 (20 - 27) 47 (36 - 62) 70 (57 - 86)
New Jersey 453 (367 - 558) 27 (20 - 36) 137 (115 - 162) 289 (216 - 386) 426 (342 - 530)
New Mexico 118   (96 - 145) 7   (5 - 10) 32 (27 - 38) 79   (60 - 103) 111   (89 - 137)
New York 1,046    (929 - 1,178) 53 (44 - 63) 290 (262 - 320) 703 (596 - 828) 993    (877 - 1,124)
North Carolina 356 (279 - 452) 22 (17 - 30) 114   (93 - 139) 220 (158 - 305) 334 (259 - 428)
North Dakota 47 (40 - 56) 2 (1 - 2) 18 (15 - 20) 28 (22 - 36) 45 (38 - 54)
Ohio 624 (560 - 695) 29 (24 - 34) 169 (154 - 186) 426 (367 - 494) 595 (531 - 666)
Oklahoma 246 (200 - 301) 11   (8 - 14) 64 (54 - 76) 171 (130 - 222) 235 (190 - 290)
Oregon 232 (191 - 281) 10   (7 - 13) 63 (53 - 74) 160 (124 - 204) 223 (182 - 271)
Pennsylvania 667 (597 - 745) 36 (30 - 43) 196 (177 - 217) 435 (372 - 508) 631 (561 - 708)
Rhode Island 74 (62 - 88) 3 (2 - 4) 25 (21 - 29) 47 (36 - 60) 71 (59 - 85)
South Carolina 231 (188 - 283) 13 (10 - 17) 66 (55 - 77) 153 (115 - 202) 219 (176 - 270)
South Dakota 55 (45 - 65) 3 (2 - 3) 16 (13 - 18) 36 (29 - 46) 52 (43 - 63)
Tennessee 304 (247 - 374) 16 (12 - 21) 84   (70 - 100) 205 (156 - 268) 289 (232 - 358)
Texas 1,326 (1,187 - 1,480) 77 (65 - 91) 403 (364 - 445) 847 (724 - 990) 1,250 (1,113 - 1,401)
Utah 98   (78 - 123) 7   (5 - 10) 36 (29 - 44) 56 (40 - 77) 91   (72 - 116)
Vermont 34 (28 - 42) 2 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 14) 21 (16 - 28) 32 (26 - 40)
Virginia 386 (316 - 470) 18 (14 - 24) 118   (99 - 141) 249 (190 - 325) 368 (299 - 451)
Washington 418 (346 - 503) 20 (16 - 26) 121 (104 - 141) 277 (214 - 355) 398 (327 - 482)
West Virginia 86   (70 - 104) 4 (3 - 6) 28 (24 - 32) 54 (41 - 71) 82   (66 - 100)
Wisconsin 334 (271 - 410) 15 (12 - 20) 91   (77 - 107) 227 (173 - 297) 318 (256 - 394)
Wyoming 35 (29 - 41) 2 (1 - 2) 11   (9 - 12) 22 (17 - 28) 33 (27 - 40)
131024
Table 23 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Serious mental illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment. For details, see Section B of the "2011-2012 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k12State/NSDUHsae2012/Index.aspx.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012 (2011 Data – Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 9,289 (8,845 - 9,757) 1,360 (1,280 - 1,444) 7,929 (7,498 - 8,388)
Northeast 1,568 (1,428 - 1,721) 240 (217 - 265) 1,328 (1,192 - 1,479)
Midwest 2,092 (1,951 - 2,242) 315 (291 - 341) 1,776 (1,640 - 1,923)
South 3,424 (3,174 - 3,694) 475 (438 - 514) 2,949 (2,706 - 3,214)
West 2,206 (2,006 - 2,425) 330 (296 - 367) 1,876 (1,685 - 2,089)
Alabama 147 (116 - 185) 21 (17 - 26) 126   (97 - 163)
Alaska 21 (17 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 18 (14 - 23)
Arizona 220 (173 - 279) 30 (23 - 39) 190 (146 - 248)
Arkansas 111   (87 - 139) 14 (11 - 18) 96   (74 - 124)
California 1,013    (866 - 1,183) 161 (135 - 191) 852    (712 - 1,018)
Colorado 159 (125 - 200) 24 (19 - 31) 134 (103 - 175)
Connecticut 89   (69 - 113) 14 (11 - 18) 74 (56 - 98)
Delaware 26 (20 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (17 - 29)
District of Columbia 17 (13 - 22) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (10 - 18)
Florida 558 (472 - 660) 69 (58 - 82) 489 (405 - 589)
Georgia 262 (206 - 332) 42 (33 - 53) 220 (167 - 288)
Hawaii 32 (25 - 42) 5 (4 - 7) 27 (20 - 37)
Idaho 53 (42 - 68) 8   (6 - 10) 46 (35 - 60)
Illinois 309 (262 - 364) 51 (43 - 60) 258 (213 - 313)
Indiana 218 (173 - 274) 32 (26 - 40) 186 (143 - 241)
Iowa 95   (75 - 120) 15 (12 - 19) 80   (61 - 104)
Kansas 91   (71 - 115) 12   (9 - 16) 79   (60 - 102)
Kentucky 155 (121 - 197) 19 (15 - 24) 136 (103 - 178)
Louisiana 120   (94 - 153) 18 (15 - 23) 101 (77 - 134)
Maine 46 (36 - 58) 6 (5 - 8) 40 (30 - 52)
Maryland 144 (112 - 186) 22 (17 - 28) 122   (91 - 164)
Massachusetts 190 (150 - 242) 30 (23 - 38) 161 (122 - 211)
Michigan 339 (293 - 392) 54 (46 - 63) 285 (241 - 338)
Minnesota 155 (123 - 196) 25 (20 - 32) 130 (100 - 170)
Mississippi 102   (80 - 129) 13 (10 - 16) 89   (68 - 116)
Missouri 203 (162 - 254) 28 (23 - 35) 175 (136 - 225)
Montana 34 (27 - 43) 5 (4 - 6) 29 (23 - 38)
Nebraska 60 (48 - 75) 9   (7 - 12) 51 (39 - 65)
Nevada 80   (63 - 103) 12   (9 - 15) 69 (52 - 91)
New Hampshire 42 (33 - 53) 6 (5 - 7) 36 (27 - 47)
New Jersey 205 (157 - 267) 32 (25 - 41) 173 (127 - 234)
New Mexico 72 (57 - 91) 9   (7 - 12) 63 (49 - 81)
New York 540 (457 - 637) 85   (71 - 101) 456 (376 - 551)
North Carolina 283 (222 - 359) 39 (31 - 50) 243 (185 - 318)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 4 (3 - 5) 17 (13 - 22)
Ohio 404 (351 - 465) 55 (47 - 64) 349 (297 - 409)
Oklahoma 146 (115 - 184) 18 (14 - 23) 128   (98 - 165)
Oregon 137 (110 - 171) 20 (16 - 25) 117   (91 - 150)
Pennsylvania 398 (343 - 462) 59 (50 - 69) 339 (286 - 403)
Rhode Island 35 (27 - 45) 6 (4 - 7) 29 (22 - 39)
South Carolina 158 (124 - 201) 21 (16 - 26) 138 (105 - 180)
South Dakota 23 (18 - 30) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (15 - 26)
Tennessee 205 (163 - 258) 27 (21 - 34) 178 (138 - 230)
Texas 677 (573 - 798) 98   (81 - 117) 579 (481 - 697)
Utah 99   (79 - 124) 18 (14 - 23) 82   (63 - 105)
Vermont 23 (19 - 30) 3 (2 - 4) 20 (16 - 27)
Virginia 235 (186 - 297) 38 (30 - 48) 197 (150 - 258)
Washington 266 (210 - 336) 32 (25 - 41) 234 (180 - 303)
West Virginia 79 (63 - 99) 8   (7 - 11) 71 (55 - 91)
Wisconsin 173 (135 - 220) 26 (20 - 33) 147 (111 - 193)
Wyoming 18 (14 - 23) 3 (2 - 3) 15 (12 - 20)
131024
Table 24 – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Any mental illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). For details, see Section B of the "2011-2012 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k12State/NSDUHsae2012/Index.aspx.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012 (2011 Data – Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 42,546 (41,558 - 43,555) 6,565 (6,392 - 6,741) 35,981 (35,018 - 36,968)
Northeast 7,539 (7,219 - 7,871) 1,164 (1,111 - 1,219) 6,375 (6,063 - 6,699)
Midwest 9,248 (8,943 - 9,560) 1,440 (1,389 - 1,492) 7,808 (7,512 - 8,112)
South 15,704 (15,178 - 16,245) 2,255 (2,167 - 2,345) 13,449 (12,936 - 13,980)
West 10,055   (9,594 - 10,534) 1,707 (1,622 - 1,794) 8,349 (7,901 - 8,817)
Alabama 698 (619 - 785) 104   (92 - 119) 594 (518 - 678)
Alaska 97   (86 - 109) 18 (16 - 20) 79 (68 - 91)
Arizona 901    (790 - 1,024) 147 (128 - 168) 754 (648 - 874)
Arkansas 432 (380 - 489) 59 (51 - 67) 373 (323 - 429)
California 4,964 (4,604 - 5,346) 898 (827 - 972) 4,067 (3,719 - 4,440)
Colorado 694 (611 - 784) 112   (98 - 127) 582 (503 - 670)
Connecticut 457 (400 - 520) 65 (57 - 75) 392 (337 - 454)
Delaware 126 (112 - 142) 20 (17 - 23) 107   (93 - 122)
District of Columbia 99   (88 - 111) 18 (16 - 20) 81 (70 - 93)
Florida 2,509 (2,313 - 2,718) 346 (318 - 376) 2,163 (1,971 - 2,369)
Georgia 1,360 (1,203 - 1,532) 191 (165 - 220) 1,169 (1,019 - 1,335)
Hawaii 179 (157 - 204) 27 (24 - 31) 152 (131 - 176)
Idaho 235 (208 - 264) 34 (29 - 39) 201 (176 - 230)
Illinois 1,524 (1,407 - 1,649) 241 (221 - 263) 1,283 (1,170 - 1,404)
Indiana 961    (851 - 1,082) 154 (136 - 174) 807 (702 - 924)
Iowa 424 (373 - 480) 70 (61 - 80) 354 (305 - 408)
Kansas 381 (336 - 431) 60 (52 - 69) 321 (278 - 369)
Kentucky 635 (559 - 719) 87   (76 - 100) 548 (475 - 629)
Louisiana 649 (581 - 723) 94   (82 - 106) 555 (489 - 628)
Maine 210 (185 - 237) 27 (24 - 31) 183 (159 - 209)
Maryland 792 (696 - 899) 114   (99 - 130) 678 (586 - 782)
Massachusetts 893    (790 - 1,006) 152 (133 - 172) 741 (642 - 852)
Michigan 1,484 (1,388 - 1,585) 224 (208 - 241) 1,260 (1,166 - 1,358)
Minnesota 692 (605 - 789) 115 (100 - 131) 577 (494 - 671)
Mississippi 439 (390 - 493) 60 (52 - 68) 379 (331 - 432)
Missouri 855 (756 - 963) 121 (106 - 138) 734 (638 - 839)
Montana 145 (128 - 163) 22 (19 - 25) 123 (107 - 141)
Nebraska 243 (214 - 276) 38 (33 - 43) 205 (177 - 237)
Nevada 327 (284 - 376) 52 (44 - 60) 276 (234 - 323)
New Hampshire 190 (168 - 215) 27 (24 - 31) 163 (141 - 187)
New Jersey 982    (841 - 1,143) 149 (129 - 173) 833 (697 - 990)
New Mexico 300 (263 - 340) 46 (40 - 52) 254 (218 - 293)
New York 2,792 (2,589 - 3,007) 425 (391 - 460) 2,367 (2,171 - 2,577)
North Carolina 1,213 (1,053 - 1,392) 167 (143 - 194) 1,046    (894 - 1,218)
North Dakota 90   (80 - 101) 19 (17 - 22) 71 (61 - 82)
Ohio 1,709 (1,595 - 1,828) 253 (234 - 273) 1,456 (1,345 - 1,573)
Oklahoma 609 (541 - 682) 85 (74 - 97) 524 (460 - 594)
Oregon 624 (552 - 702) 92   (81 - 104) 532 (463 - 608)
Pennsylvania 1,765 (1,640 - 1,897) 279 (256 - 303) 1,486 (1,364 - 1,616)
Rhode Island 154 (136 - 173) 25 (22 - 28) 129 (111 - 148)
South Carolina 688 (606 - 780) 93   (81 - 106) 595 (516 - 684)
South Dakota 108   (95 - 122) 18 (16 - 21) 90   (77 - 104)
Tennessee 979    (867 - 1,101) 127 (110 - 146) 852 (744 - 972)
Texas 3,104 (2,879 - 3,342) 485 (445 - 529) 2,619 (2,400 - 2,853)
Utah 431 (386 - 479) 90   (78 - 102) 341 (300 - 386)
Vermont 96   (85 - 108) 15 (13 - 17) 81 (71 - 93)
Virginia 1,063    (932 - 1,207) 170 (148 - 194) 893    (768 - 1,033)
Washington 1,074    (952 - 1,207) 157 (138 - 177) 918    (800 - 1,048)
West Virginia 308 (275 - 345) 35 (31 - 40) 273 (241 - 310)
Wisconsin 778 (682 - 883) 126 (111 - 143) 651 (561 - 754)
Wyoming 84 (75 - 93) 13 (12 - 15) 70 (62 - 79)
131024
Table 25 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 8,818 (8,401 - 9,251) 2,422 (2,312 - 2,536) 6,396 (6,002 - 6,816)
Northeast 1,613 (1,480 - 1,757) 430 (398 - 464) 1,183 (1,058 - 1,323)
Midwest 1,971 (1,838 - 2,110) 540 (508 - 574) 1,431 (1,305 - 1,568)
South 3,161 (2,939 - 3,399) 846 (794 - 902) 2,315 (2,107 - 2,545)
West 2,073 (1,898 - 2,261) 606 (553 - 662) 1,467 (1,305 - 1,649)
Alabama 136 (111 - 166) 42 (34 - 52) 94   (71 - 122)
Alaska 22 (18 - 28) 7 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 21)
Arizona 193 (155 - 238) 59 (46 - 74) 134 (100 - 178)
Arkansas 95   (76 - 117) 24 (19 - 29) 71 (54 - 93)
California 1,020    (887 - 1,171) 314 (272 - 362) 706 (584 - 852)
Colorado 140 (113 - 173) 38 (30 - 47) 102   (78 - 134)
Connecticut 100   (80 - 125) 24 (19 - 30) 76   (57 - 101)
Delaware 26 (21 - 32) 7 (5 - 8) 20 (15 - 26)
District of Columbia 21 (17 - 26) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (12 - 20)
Florida 534 (459 - 620) 134 (117 - 154) 399 (329 - 484)
Georgia 253 (205 - 310) 73 (59 - 90) 180 (137 - 235)
Hawaii 39 (31 - 49) 10   (8 - 13) 29 (21 - 39)
Idaho 47 (38 - 57) 12   (9 - 15) 35 (27 - 46)
Illinois 329 (284 - 381) 89   (77 - 103) 240 (198 - 291)
Indiana 206 (169 - 251) 58 (48 - 71) 148 (113 - 192)
Iowa 91   (74 - 111) 24 (19 - 30) 67 (51 - 86)
Kansas 80 (64 - 99) 21 (17 - 26) 59 (45 - 78)
Kentucky 134 (109 - 165) 31 (25 - 39) 103   (79 - 133)
Louisiana 133 (110 - 160) 37 (30 - 45) 96   (75 - 123)
Maine 43 (35 - 53) 10   (8 - 12) 33 (25 - 43)
Maryland 152 (123 - 187) 44 (35 - 54) 108   (82 - 141)
Massachusetts 202 (163 - 248) 53 (43 - 65) 149 (113 - 195)
Michigan 332 (290 - 379) 95   (84 - 108) 236 (198 - 282)
Minnesota 145 (118 - 178) 42 (33 - 52) 103   (79 - 135)
Mississippi 85   (69 - 105) 22 (17 - 27) 63 (48 - 83)
Missouri 178 (143 - 220) 42 (34 - 52) 136 (103 - 178)
Montana 29 (24 - 36) 8   (7 - 10) 21 (16 - 27)
Nebraska 52 (42 - 63) 14 (12 - 18) 37 (28 - 48)
Nevada 77 (62 - 95) 21 (16 - 26) 56 (43 - 73)
New Hampshire 41 (33 - 52) 10   (8 - 13) 31 (23 - 41)
New Jersey 226 (180 - 283) 58 (46 - 72) 168 (126 - 225)
New Mexico 61 (49 - 75) 17 (14 - 21) 43 (33 - 57)
New York 566 (486 - 658) 155 (134 - 179) 411 (337 - 500)
North Carolina 261 (209 - 323) 66 (52 - 83) 195 (148 - 255)
North Dakota 20 (16 - 25) 7 (6 - 9) 13 (10 - 17)
Ohio 342 (298 - 392) 97   (85 - 109) 245 (204 - 294)
Oklahoma 122   (98 - 150) 31 (24 - 38) 91   (69 - 119)
Oregon 117   (95 - 143) 33 (27 - 41) 84   (64 - 109)
Pennsylvania 380 (330 - 438) 106   (92 - 121) 275 (228 - 331)
Rhode Island 33 (27 - 41) 9   (7 - 11) 24 (18 - 31)
South Carolina 134 (109 - 164) 35 (28 - 43) 99   (76 - 129)
South Dakota 23 (19 - 28) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (13 - 22)
Tennessee 170 (136 - 212) 45 (36 - 56) 125   (94 - 165)
Texas 614 (527 - 715) 164 (140 - 192) 450 (369 - 549)
Utah 88   (72 - 106) 28 (23 - 34) 60 (46 - 77)
Vermont 21 (17 - 27) 5 (4 - 7) 16 (12 - 21)
Virginia 225 (183 - 276) 72 (58 - 89) 153 (116 - 202)
Washington 224 (181 - 276) 54 (44 - 67) 169 (130 - 221)
West Virginia 68 (55 - 83) 14 (11 - 17) 54 (41 - 69)
Wisconsin 174 (140 - 216) 45 (36 - 55) 129   (97 - 171)
Wyoming 18 (15 - 22) 5 (4 - 6) 13 (10 - 17)
131024
Table 26 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2011 and 2012 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section B of the "2011-2012 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k12State/NSDUHsae2012/Index.aspx.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
Total U.S. 15,716 (15,133 - 16,322) 2,161 (2,075 - 2,249) 2,965 (2,839 - 3,095) 12,752 (12,187 - 13,343)
Northeast 2,716 (2,518 - 2,929) 339 (315 - 365) 507 (470 - 547) 2,208 (2,017 - 2,416)
Midwest 3,437 (3,244 - 3,639) 472 (446 - 499) 667 (632 - 704) 2,770 (2,583 - 2,968)
South 5,825 (5,501 - 6,168) 790 (747 - 835) 1,016    (959 - 1,076) 4,809 (4,494 - 5,146)
West 3,739 (3,457 - 4,042) 561 (520 - 604) 774 (717 - 835) 2,965 (2,697 - 3,258)
Alabama 229 (187 - 279) 33 (28 - 40) 46 (38 - 55) 183 (144 - 232)
Alaska 36 (30 - 44) 5 (4 - 6) 9   (7 - 11) 27 (21 - 35)
Arizona 331 (266 - 410) 50 (41 - 62) 62 (51 - 76) 269 (208 - 346)
Arkansas 165 (132 - 204) 21 (18 - 25) 28 (23 - 34) 137 (106 - 176)
California 1,793 (1,576 - 2,037) 289 (256 - 326) 406 (359 - 458) 1,387 (1,181 - 1,626)
Colorado 246 (199 - 304) 31 (25 - 38) 52 (42 - 62) 195 (150 - 251)
Connecticut 170 (136 - 210) 24 (20 - 29) 31 (25 - 37) 139 (107 - 179)
Delaware 46 (37 - 57) 6 (5 - 7) 9   (7 - 10) 37 (29 - 48)
District of Columbia 34 (28 - 41) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 26 (20 - 33)
Florida 858 (746 - 987) 111   (99 - 125) 144 (126 - 163) 715 (606 - 842)
Georgia 510 (417 - 621) 70 (58 - 84) 88   (72 - 106) 422 (333 - 532)
Hawaii 66 (52 - 83) 10   (8 - 12) 12 (10 - 15) 54 (41 - 71)
Idaho 89   (73 - 108) 13 (11 - 16) 17 (14 - 20) 72 (57 - 91)
Illinois 563 (491 - 644) 94   (83 - 105) 111   (98 - 125) 452 (383 - 532)
Indiana 330 (268 - 404) 41 (33 - 51) 67 (55 - 81) 263 (205 - 336)
Iowa 163 (134 - 199) 22 (18 - 26) 35 (29 - 42) 129 (101 - 164)
Kansas 141 (114 - 172) 20 (16 - 24) 28 (23 - 33) 113   (88 - 144)
Kentucky 261 (210 - 322) 32 (27 - 39) 38 (31 - 46) 223 (174 - 284)
Louisiana 230 (190 - 277) 33 (28 - 39) 40 (34 - 49) 189 (151 - 236)
Maine 77 (62 - 95) 9   (7 - 10) 12 (10 - 15) 65 (50 - 83)
Maryland 308 (247 - 383) 37 (30 - 45) 47 (38 - 58) 261 (202 - 336)
Massachusetts 318 (258 - 391) 41 (34 - 50) 60 (49 - 73) 258 (201 - 331)
Michigan 552 (490 - 620) 82 (73 - 92) 113 (101 - 126) 439 (379 - 508)
Minnesota 247 (201 - 303) 35 (29 - 43) 50 (41 - 61) 197 (154 - 251)
Mississippi 157 (128 - 192) 20 (17 - 25) 25 (21 - 31) 132 (104 - 167)
Missouri 312 (253 - 383) 36 (29 - 44) 56 (46 - 67) 256 (200 - 326)
Montana 54 (44 - 65) 7 (5 - 8) 11   (9 - 13) 43 (34 - 54)
Nebraska 88   (71 - 107) 12 (10 - 14) 18 (15 - 22) 69 (54 - 89)
Nevada 124   (99 - 156) 19 (15 - 24) 24 (19 - 29) 101   (76 - 132)
New Hampshire 74 (60 - 91) 10   (8 - 12) 13 (11 - 16) 61 (47 - 77)
New Jersey 364 (283 - 468) 53 (43 - 66) 66 (53 - 81) 299 (221 - 402)
New Mexico 131 (105 - 163) 20 (16 - 24) 21 (17 - 25) 110   (85 - 143)
New York 937    (825 - 1,062) 107   (93 - 123) 177 (155 - 201) 760 (652 - 884)
North Carolina 473 (384 - 581) 61 (50 - 75) 82   (67 - 101) 391 (306 - 498)
North Dakota 30 (24 - 37) 4 (3 - 4) 8   (7 - 10) 22 (16 - 28)
Ohio 686 (612 - 768) 83 (74 - 92) 118 (105 - 132) 568 (497 - 648)
Oklahoma 222 (179 - 274) 27 (22 - 32) 38 (31 - 46) 184 (142 - 236)
Oregon 232 (191 - 282) 30 (25 - 36) 44 (37 - 53) 188 (148 - 237)
Pennsylvania 676 (599 - 762) 84 (74 - 94) 131 (115 - 148) 545 (471 - 629)
Rhode Island 62 (51 - 77) 7 (6 - 9) 12 (10 - 14) 51 (39 - 65)
South Carolina 293 (238 - 359) 32 (27 - 39) 45 (37 - 54) 248 (195 - 314)
South Dakota 37 (31 - 45) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (7 - 10) 29 (23 - 37)
Tennessee 328 (267 - 403) 43 (35 - 52) 54 (44 - 65) 274 (216 - 348)
Texas 1,163 (1,023 - 1,321) 191 (170 - 216) 227 (200 - 257) 936    (801 - 1,091)
Utah 173 (144 - 207) 27 (23 - 33) 39 (33 - 48) 134 (107 - 166)
Vermont 39 (32 - 47) 4 (3 - 5) 7 (6 - 8) 32 (25 - 40)
Virginia 426 (349 - 517) 57 (47 - 68) 81 (67 - 98) 344 (272 - 435)
Washington 432 (352 - 527) 56 (46 - 68) 72 (59 - 86) 360 (283 - 455)
West Virginia 123 (101 - 151) 12 (10 - 14) 16 (13 - 19) 108   (86 - 135)
Wisconsin 289 (235 - 355) 39 (32 - 47) 56 (47 - 67) 233 (182 - 298)
Wyoming 32 (26 - 38) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 26 (20 - 32)

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