2010-2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands)
(50 States and the District of Columbia)

Revised Mental Illness Estimates: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has been publishing State estimates of the prevalence (both percentages and estimated counts) of past year serious mental illness (SMI) and any mental illness (AMI) among adults aged 18 or older since the release of the 2008-2009 State small area estimation (SAE) report. Estimates were based on a model developed in 2008. In 2013, SAMHSA developed a more accurate model for the 2012 data. This revised model incorporates the NSDUH respondent's age and indicators of past year suicide thoughts and depression, along with the variables that were specified in the 2008 model (Kessler-6 [K6] questions on psychological distress and an abbreviated set of questions on impairment in carrying out activities from the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule [WHODAS]), leading to more accurate estimates of SMI and AMI. The SMI and AMI tables in this document include estimates that have been revised based on the new model. Additionally, note that the 2010-2011 small area estimates for these two measures were produced using an updated 2010 sample weight (i.e., one that used 2010 population counts based on the 2010 census rather than the 2000 census in the poststratification adjustment) and updated SAE model predictors for both 2010 and 2011. Other mental health measures in these tables, such as major depressive episode (MDE) and serious thoughts of suicide, were not affected. For further information on the revised model, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx. For the further details on the revised weight and predictors used for these 2010-2011 SMI and AMI small area estimates, see the "2010-2011 NSDUH: Guide to State Tables and Summary of Small Area Estimation Methodology" at http://www.samhsa.gov/data/NSDUH/2k11State/NSDUHsae2011/Index.aspx.

121013
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 22,553 (21,889 - 23,231) 2,495 (2,399 - 2,594) 7,348 (7,148 - 7,553) 12,709 (12,119 - 13,323) 20,057 (19,406 - 20,726)
Northeast 4,334 (4,105 - 4,579) 446 (417 - 476) 1,433 (1,357 - 1,512) 2,455 (2,247 - 2,682) 3,888 (3,666 - 4,128)
Midwest 4,672 (4,465 - 4,883) 514 (488 - 542) 1,548 (1,474 - 1,624) 2,610 (2,421 - 2,810) 4,158 (3,957 - 4,364)
South 7,246 (6,934 - 7,570) 837 (792 - 885) 2,405 (2,281 - 2,534) 4,004 (3,716 - 4,313) 6,408 (6,107 - 6,725)
West 6,301 (5,965 - 6,650) 698 (652 - 747) 1,963 (1,855 - 2,075) 3,640 (3,338 - 3,966) 5,603 (5,276 - 5,944)
Alabama 299 (250 - 357) 35 (29 - 42) 91   (76 - 108) 173 (133 - 223) 264 (217 - 320)
Alaska 77 (65 - 90) 7 (5 - 8) 21 (18 - 25) 49 (39 - 61) 70 (59 - 83)
Arizona 509 (423 - 608) 61 (50 - 74) 140 (118 - 166) 307 (238 - 395) 448 (367 - 543)
Arkansas 182 (151 - 219) 22 (18 - 26) 56 (47 - 66) 105   (80 - 137) 160 (131 - 196)
California 3,213 (2,950 - 3,497) 380 (344 - 420) 1,044   (962 - 1,132) 1,789 (1,560 - 2,048) 2,833 (2,578 - 3,110)
Colorado 559 (480 - 648) 51 (43 - 61) 171 (150 - 192) 337 (270 - 418) 507 (432 - 594)
Connecticut 271 (229 - 321) 30 (25 - 36) 91   (78 - 106) 150 (116 - 194) 242 (201 - 290)
Delaware 67 (57 - 80) 8 (6 - 9) 24 (20 - 27) 36 (27 - 47) 59 (49 - 71)
District of Columbia 71 (61 - 83) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (20 - 27) 43 (34 - 55) 67 (56 - 78)
Florida 1,320 (1,201 - 1,452) 123 (110 - 138) 401 (366 - 438) 796 (687 - 920) 1,197 (1,080 - 1,327)
Georgia 517 (429 - 622) 72 (59 - 86) 181 (151 - 216) 264 (198 - 350) 445 (362 - 545)
Hawaii 95   (79 - 114) 10   (8 - 12) 27 (23 - 32) 58 (45 - 75) 85   (69 - 103)
Idaho 118   (99 - 140) 14 (11 - 17) 34 (28 - 40) 71 (55 - 90) 104   (86 - 126)
Illinois 910 (831 - 996) 102   (91 - 115) 318 (292 - 345) 490 (422 - 568) 808 (731 - 891)
Indiana 479 (402 - 567) 49 (40 - 59) 159 (136 - 184) 271 (210 - 349) 430 (357 - 516)
Iowa 161 (135 - 192) 20 (17 - 25) 62 (52 - 73) 79   (60 - 105) 141 (116 - 170)
Kansas 155 (128 - 188) 19 (16 - 24) 56 (46 - 67) 80   (60 - 107) 136 (110 - 167)
Kentucky 249 (206 - 299) 29 (24 - 35) 82 (68 - 97) 139 (105 - 181) 220 (180 - 269)
Louisiana 251 (212 - 297) 30 (25 - 36) 89   (76 - 104) 132 (101 - 172) 221 (184 - 265)
Maine 109   (92 - 128) 10   (8 - 12) 34 (30 - 39) 64 (51 - 82) 99   (83 - 118)
Maryland 355 (296 - 423) 40 (33 - 49) 125 (106 - 147) 189 (144 - 246) 314 (259 - 380)
Massachusetts 647 (558 - 748) 64 (54 - 75) 231 (203 - 260) 352 (278 - 444) 583 (497 - 682)
Michigan 889 (815 - 970) 89 (81 - 99) 256 (237 - 276) 543 (475 - 620) 800 (727 - 879)
Minnesota 362 (304 - 429) 39 (32 - 47) 124 (106 - 144) 199 (154 - 257) 323 (268 - 388)
Mississippi 195 (165 - 230) 24 (20 - 28) 63 (53 - 74) 108   (84 - 139) 171 (142 - 205)
Missouri 362 (304 - 431) 44 (36 - 52) 135 (115 - 157) 184 (139 - 242) 319 (263 - 385)
Montana 100   (86 - 115) 9   (8 - 11) 30 (27 - 34) 60 (49 - 74) 90   (78 - 105)
Nebraska 99   (82 - 120) 11   (9 - 14) 34 (29 - 41) 53 (40 - 71) 88   (71 - 108)
Nevada 218 (181 - 262) 25 (20 - 30) 62 (52 - 72) 131 (100 - 171) 193 (158 - 236)
New Hampshire 124 (105 - 145) 13 (11 - 16) 44 (39 - 49) 67 (52 - 86) 111   (93 - 131)
New Jersey 584 (491 - 694) 70 (58 - 85) 190 (161 - 223) 323 (250 - 416) 514 (426 - 619)
New Mexico 177 (150 - 208) 20 (17 - 24) 56 (49 - 65) 100   (78 - 128) 157 (131 - 187)
New York 1,525 (1,383 - 1,680) 152 (135 - 171) 488 (447 - 532) 885   (761 - 1,027) 1,373 (1,236 - 1,524)
North Carolina 692 (586 - 812) 76 (64 - 90) 244 (211 - 281) 371 (288 - 477) 616 (515 - 732)
North Dakota 31 (25 - 37) 3 (3 - 4) 12 (10 - 15) 15 (11 - 21) 27 (22 - 34)
Ohio 815 (743 - 895) 90   (81 - 101) 259 (239 - 281) 466 (401 - 540) 725 (655 - 803)
Oklahoma 274 (230 - 325) 30 (25 - 36) 82 (69 - 97) 162 (126 - 207) 244 (202 - 293)
Oregon 425 (363 - 496) 37 (31 - 43) 117 (102 - 132) 271 (218 - 336) 388 (328 - 458)
Pennsylvania 862 (783 - 949) 89   (79 - 101) 284 (259 - 312) 489 (420 - 568) 773 (696 - 859)
Rhode Island 130 (112 - 150) 11   (9 - 12) 45 (40 - 50) 75 (59 - 94) 120 (102 - 139)
South Carolina 282 (236 - 337) 31 (26 - 38) 90   (76 - 106) 161 (124 - 208) 251 (207 - 304)
South Dakota 40 (32 - 49) 5 (4 - 6) 13 (11 - 16) 21 (16 - 29) 35 (27 - 44)
Tennessee 402 (334 - 482) 44 (37 - 53) 126 (106 - 148) 232 (177 - 303) 358 (293 - 435)
Texas 1,442 (1,309 - 1,586) 198 (176 - 223) 501 (453 - 552) 743 (632 - 871) 1,243 (1,116 - 1,382)
Utah 108   (88 - 133) 15 (12 - 20) 39 (31 - 50) 54 (40 - 73) 93   (74 - 116)
Vermont 83 (72 - 94) 7 (6 - 8) 26 (23 - 29) 50 (40 - 60) 76 (65 - 87)
Virginia 523 (441 - 620) 57 (48 - 69) 185 (158 - 217) 281 (216 - 363) 466 (387 - 560)
Washington 670 (576 - 778) 65 (55 - 77) 211 (185 - 239) 394 (315 - 492) 605 (514 - 710)
West Virginia 125 (105 - 150) 13 (11 - 16) 42 (36 - 48) 70 (53 - 92) 112   (92 - 136)
Wisconsin 369 (306 - 444) 42 (34 - 50) 120 (101 - 141) 208 (158 - 272) 327 (267 - 400)
Wyoming 33 (27 - 39) 4 (3 - 4) 10   (9 - 13) 19 (14 - 24) 29 (24 - 35)
121013
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 29,523 (28,752 - 30,306) 3,484 (3,369 - 3,601) 10,385 (10,143 - 10,630) 15,654 (14,991 - 16,339) 26,039 (25,289 - 26,803)
Northeast 5,858 (5,609 - 6,122) 629 (594 - 665) 2,072 (1,993 - 2,151) 3,158 (2,935 - 3,397) 5,230 (4,986 - 5,488)
Midwest 6,110 (5,884 - 6,337) 701 (667 - 735) 2,229 (2,151 - 2,309) 3,180 (2,980 - 3,389) 5,409 (5,191 - 5,630)
South 9,377 (9,032 - 9,735) 1,165 (1,113 - 1,219) 3,373 (3,247 - 3,503) 4,839 (4,527 - 5,171) 8,212 (7,876 - 8,562)
West 8,178 (7,794 - 8,574) 989   (933 - 1,048) 2,711 (2,595 - 2,829) 4,478 (4,129 - 4,850) 7,188 (6,813 - 7,577)
Alabama 355 (305 - 414) 43 (36 - 51) 120 (103 - 138) 192 (152 - 242) 312 (264 - 368)
Alaska 99   (87 - 113) 10   (9 - 12) 31 (28 - 35) 58 (47 - 71) 89   (77 - 102)
Arizona 619 (526 - 724) 85 (72 - 99) 195 (170 - 223) 339 (264 - 434) 535 (447 - 635)
Arkansas 222 (188 - 261) 27 (23 - 32) 75 (66 - 86) 119   (92 - 154) 194 (163 - 232)
California 4,304 (3,992 - 4,637) 530 (485 - 578) 1,435 (1,343 - 1,531) 2,339 (2,062 - 2,649) 3,774 (3,471 - 4,101)
Colorado 677 (595 - 768) 74 (63 - 86) 231 (209 - 254) 372 (303 - 454) 603 (525 - 690)
Connecticut 399 (347 - 459) 47 (40 - 55) 138 (123 - 154) 214 (171 - 268) 353 (302 - 410)
Delaware 99   (86 - 113) 11 (10 - 13) 36 (32 - 40) 52 (41 - 64) 88   (76 - 101)
District of Columbia 97   (86 - 110) 6 (5 - 7) 34 (30 - 37) 58 (48 - 69) 91   (80 - 104)
Florida 1,742 (1,609 - 1,888) 187 (171 - 205) 595 (557 - 635) 960   (840 - 1,095) 1,555 (1,425 - 1,699)
Georgia 752 (648 - 871) 103   (88 - 122) 267 (232 - 304) 382 (300 - 483) 648 (550 - 763)
Hawaii 129 (110 - 149) 14 (12 - 17) 39 (34 - 45) 75 (60 - 94) 114   (97 - 134)
Idaho 145 (124 - 169) 19 (16 - 22) 45 (40 - 52) 81   (63 - 103) 126 (106 - 150)
Illinois 1,213 (1,124 - 1,308) 138 (125 - 153) 451 (422 - 481) 623 (547 - 710) 1,074   (989 - 1,167)
Indiana 548 (471 - 637) 60 (51 - 71) 207 (182 - 234) 281 (219 - 359) 488 (414 - 574)
Iowa 250 (216 - 288) 31 (26 - 36) 98   (86 - 111) 121   (95 - 154) 219 (187 - 256)
Kansas 221 (188 - 259) 30 (25 - 36) 88   (76 - 100) 103   (78 - 134) 190 (160 - 226)
Kentucky 315 (269 - 369) 41 (34 - 49) 109   (94 - 125) 166 (130 - 212) 275 (231 - 325)
Louisiana 317 (271 - 369) 40 (34 - 47) 116 (101 - 131) 161 (125 - 208) 277 (233 - 328)
Maine 160 (140 - 183) 15 (13 - 18) 49 (44 - 54) 96   (79 - 117) 145 (126 - 167)
Maryland 477 (409 - 556) 60 (50 - 71) 194 (171 - 219) 223 (170 - 293) 418 (353 - 494)
Massachusetts 891   (786 - 1,006) 90   (79 - 104) 323 (293 - 354) 477 (389 - 582) 800 (699 - 914)
Michigan 1,095 (1,018 - 1,178) 117 (106 - 128) 367 (346 - 388) 612 (541 - 690) 979   (903 - 1,060)
Minnesota 483 (416 - 556) 55 (47 - 65) 186 (164 - 209) 242 (190 - 307) 428 (365 - 499)
Mississippi 233 (201 - 270) 30 (25 - 35) 81 (71 - 93) 122   (97 - 154) 204 (173 - 239)
Missouri 500 (430 - 581) 62 (53 - 73) 181 (159 - 205) 257 (201 - 328) 438 (371 - 516)
Montana 135 (120 - 152) 15 (13 - 17) 43 (39 - 47) 78 (65 - 93) 121 (106 - 137)
Nebraska 137 (117 - 160) 16 (13 - 19) 53 (46 - 61) 68 (52 - 88) 121 (102 - 143)
Nevada 280 (240 - 327) 37 (31 - 44) 87 (75 - 99) 157 (123 - 198) 243 (205 - 288)
New Hampshire 159 (139 - 181) 19 (16 - 22) 59 (54 - 64) 81   (65 - 102) 140 (121 - 161)
New Jersey 786 (682 - 905) 101   (86 - 118) 276 (245 - 310) 409 (324 - 514) 685 (586 - 799)
New Mexico 222 (193 - 254) 31 (27 - 36) 77 (68 - 86) 114 (90 - 143) 191 (163 - 222)
New York 2,047 (1,890 - 2,215) 208 (188 - 229) 701 (658 - 746) 1,137   (999 - 1,293) 1,839 (1,686 - 2,004)
North Carolina 871   (753 - 1,001) 106   (90 - 123) 332 (294 - 372) 433 (340 - 550) 765 (654 - 891)
North Dakota 49 (43 - 57) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (20 - 26) 21 (16 - 28) 44 (38 - 51)
Ohio 1,103 (1,021 - 1,192) 125 (113 - 137) 383 (360 - 406) 595 (522 - 678) 978   (898 - 1,066)
Oklahoma 308 (263 - 360) 40 (34 - 48) 105   (90 - 121) 163 (127 - 208) 267 (225 - 317)
Oregon 519 (456 - 590) 54 (47 - 62) 161 (145 - 178) 305 (250 - 369) 466 (404 - 535)
Pennsylvania 1,156 (1,062 - 1,258) 124 (112 - 138) 432 (402 - 463) 599 (519 - 691) 1,031   (940 - 1,131)
Rhode Island 160 (141 - 180) 15 (12 - 17) 59 (53 - 64) 87   (71 - 105) 145 (127 - 165)
South Carolina 406 (349 - 470) 48 (41 - 56) 138 (122 - 155) 220 (174 - 277) 358 (304 - 419)
South Dakota 56 (47 - 66) 7 (6 - 9) 22 (19 - 26) 26 (20 - 35) 48 (40 - 58)
Tennessee 495 (419 - 582) 57 (48 - 68) 166 (144 - 190) 272 (211 - 348) 438 (365 - 522)
Texas 1,872 (1,723 - 2,033) 270 (244 - 299) 697 (646 - 749) 905   (779 - 1,051) 1,602 (1,458 - 1,758)
Utah 154 (130 - 182) 25 (20 - 31) 68 (57 - 81) 61 (45 - 83) 129 (107 - 156)
Vermont 101   (90 - 114) 9   (8 - 11) 35 (32 - 38) 57 (47 - 69) 92   (81 - 104)
Virginia 654 (564 - 758) 78 (66 - 92) 255 (225 - 288) 321 (251 - 410) 576 (490 - 676)
Washington 850 (746 - 965) 91   (78 - 106) 281 (254 - 309) 478 (389 - 583) 759 (659 - 870)
West Virginia 162 (139 - 187) 18 (15 - 21) 55 (48 - 61) 89   (70 - 113) 144 (122 - 169)
Wisconsin 454 (388 - 529) 54 (46 - 64) 170 (148 - 194) 230 (178 - 295) 400 (337 - 473)
Wyoming 44 (38 - 51) 5 (5 - 6) 17 (15 - 19) 22 (17 - 28) 39 (33 - 45)
121013
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,741 (17,163 - 18,334) 1,885 (1,799 - 1,974) 6,419 (6,228 - 6,614) 9,437 (8,931 - 9,968) 15,856 (15,290 - 16,439)
Northeast 3,478 (3,286 - 3,683) 362 (336 - 389) 1,297 (1,227 - 1,371) 1,819 (1,650 - 2,004) 3,116 (2,931 - 3,316)
Midwest 3,674 (3,498 - 3,855) 383 (359 - 409) 1,346 (1,277 - 1,416) 1,946 (1,793 - 2,110) 3,291 (3,121 - 3,467)
South 5,480 (5,204 - 5,771) 604 (564 - 645) 2,053 (1,942 - 2,169) 2,823 (2,577 - 3,093) 4,876 (4,609 - 5,160)
West 5,109 (4,813 - 5,419) 537 (494 - 583) 1,723 (1,624 - 1,827) 2,849 (2,584 - 3,139) 4,572 (4,284 - 4,875)
Alabama 205 (168 - 249) 24 (19 - 30) 73 (61 - 88) 107 (80 - 144) 181 (146 - 223)
Alaska 64 (54 - 76) 5 (4 - 7) 20 (17 - 23) 39 (31 - 50) 59 (49 - 70)
Arizona 375 (304 - 461) 44 (35 - 56) 120   (99 - 143) 211 (156 - 285) 331 (264 - 412)
Arkansas 122   (98 - 151) 14 (11 - 18) 43 (36 - 52) 65 (47 - 89) 108   (85 - 136)
California 2,642 (2,408 - 2,895) 295 (261 - 334) 921   (843 - 1,004) 1,425 (1,223 - 1,658) 2,346 (2,121 - 2,593)
Colorado 458 (389 - 537) 42 (34 - 51) 153 (133 - 174) 264 (207 - 334) 416 (351 - 493)
Connecticut 216 (180 - 260) 25 (20 - 31) 82 (70 - 96) 109   (82 - 146) 191 (157 - 233)
Delaware 52 (44 - 62) 6 (4 - 7) 21 (18 - 24) 26 (20 - 34) 47 (39 - 56)
District of Columbia 59 (50 - 69) 3 (3 - 4) 21 (18 - 25) 34 (26 - 44) 55 (46 - 65)
Florida 1,009   (904 - 1,127) 92   (81 - 106) 358 (326 - 394) 558 (468 - 664) 917   (815 - 1,032)
Georgia 394 (320 - 484) 53 (42 - 67) 153 (125 - 185) 188 (136 - 260) 341 (272 - 426)
Hawaii 75 (61 - 91) 8   (6 - 10) 23 (20 - 28) 44 (33 - 58) 67 (54 - 83)
Idaho 90   (74 - 109) 10   (8 - 13) 27 (23 - 33) 53 (40 - 69) 80 (65 - 98)
Illinois 731 (662 - 806) 80 (70 - 92) 279 (255 - 303) 372 (314 - 439) 650 (584 - 723)
Indiana 347 (287 - 420) 35 (27 - 44) 132 (112 - 155) 181 (135 - 242) 313 (255 - 382)
Iowa 131 (107 - 159) 14 (11 - 18) 55 (45 - 65) 62 (45 - 85) 116   (94 - 143)
Kansas 126 (102 - 155) 15 (11 - 18) 47 (39 - 57) 64 (46 - 87) 111   (89 - 139)
Kentucky 182 (149 - 223) 21 (17 - 27) 69 (58 - 83) 91   (67 - 124) 161 (130 - 199)
Louisiana 179 (146 - 218) 20 (16 - 25) 71 (59 - 85) 88   (64 - 120) 159 (128 - 196)
Maine 91   (77 - 108) 9   (7 - 11) 31 (27 - 35) 51 (39 - 67) 82 (69 - 99)
Maryland 266 (218 - 324) 28 (21 - 36) 110   (92 - 131) 128   (94 - 174) 238 (193 - 293)
Massachusetts 558 (477 - 651) 56 (46 - 67) 217 (190 - 245) 285 (220 - 368) 502 (425 - 592)
Michigan 720 (655 - 791) 67 (59 - 76) 230 (212 - 249) 423 (365 - 489) 653 (590 - 722)
Minnesota 284 (236 - 340) 29 (23 - 36) 109   (92 - 127) 147 (111 - 194) 256 (210 - 309)
Mississippi 141 (117 - 171) 16 (12 - 20) 51 (42 - 61) 75   (56 - 100) 126 (102 - 154)
Missouri 300 (247 - 362) 35 (28 - 43) 120 (101 - 141) 145 (106 - 198) 265 (216 - 325)
Montana 85 (73 - 99) 8 (6 - 9) 27 (24 - 31) 51 (40 - 63) 78 (66 - 91)
Nebraska 83   (67 - 101) 9   (7 - 11) 29 (24 - 35) 45 (33 - 60) 74 (59 - 92)
Nevada 168 (135 - 208) 18 (14 - 23) 54 (45 - 63) 96   (71 - 130) 150 (119 - 187)
New Hampshire 98   (83 - 115) 12   (9 - 14) 38 (34 - 43) 48 (36 - 64) 86   (72 - 103)
New Jersey 469 (393 - 559) 56 (45 - 70) 170 (143 - 200) 243 (185 - 318) 412 (341 - 499)
New Mexico 138 (116 - 164) 15 (12 - 19) 48 (41 - 56) 75 (57 - 98) 123 (102 - 148)
New York 1,214 (1,103 - 1,337) 120 (106 - 137) 439 (403 - 478) 654 (558 - 766) 1,094   (986 - 1,213)
North Carolina 573 (476 - 687) 59 (48 - 73) 220 (188 - 256) 294 (221 - 391) 514 (421 - 624)
North Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 2 (2 - 3) 11   (9 - 13) 12   (9 - 17) 23 (18 - 29)
Ohio 620 (561 - 687) 66 (58 - 75) 223 (205 - 243) 331 (279 - 393) 555 (497 - 619)
Oklahoma 200 (162 - 245) 21 (17 - 27) 64 (53 - 78) 114   (85 - 153) 178 (143 - 222)
Oregon 356 (302 - 419) 30 (24 - 36) 104   (91 - 119) 222 (175 - 280) 326 (274 - 387)
Pennsylvania 654 (588 - 727) 69 (60 - 79) 253 (230 - 279) 331 (278 - 395) 585 (522 - 656)
Rhode Island 107   (92 - 124) 9   (7 - 11) 42 (37 - 47) 56 (44 - 71) 98   (83 - 115)
South Carolina 226 (186 - 273) 22 (18 - 28) 80 (67 - 95) 124   (93 - 163) 204 (166 - 248)
South Dakota 34 (27 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 15) 18 (13 - 25) 30 (23 - 38)
Tennessee 287 (234 - 350) 31 (24 - 39) 101   (83 - 122) 156 (116 - 208) 256 (206 - 317)
Texas 1,103   (987 - 1,231) 139 (120 - 160) 423 (381 - 469) 542 (447 - 655) 965   (854 - 1,088)
Utah 78 (60 - 99) 10   (7 - 13) 31 (24 - 40) 37 (26 - 54) 68 (52 - 88)
Vermont 71 (61 - 82) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (22 - 28) 40 (32 - 49) 65 (55 - 75)
Virginia 389 (320 - 471) 44 (35 - 54) 158 (132 - 187) 187 (138 - 253) 345 (281 - 423)
Washington 556 (475 - 650) 50 (41 - 61) 186 (163 - 211) 321 (253 - 405) 506 (428 - 597)
West Virginia 93   (77 - 113) 10   (8 - 12) 37 (32 - 43) 46 (34 - 63) 84   (68 - 102)
Wisconsin 274 (221 - 338) 28 (22 - 36) 99   (81 - 119) 146 (107 - 199) 245 (195 - 307)
Wyoming 23 (19 - 29) 2 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 11) 12   (9 - 17) 21 (17 - 27)
121013
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 82,620 (81,219 - 84,029) 7,048 (6,906 - 7,192) 6,253 (6,068 - 6,444) 69,318 (67,962 - 70,683) 75,572 (74,186 - 76,967)
Northeast 14,299 (13,827 - 14,774) 1,075 (1,028 - 1,123) 961   (906 - 1,018) 12,263 (11,809 - 12,723) 13,224 (12,759 - 13,694)
Midwest 17,264 (16,854 - 17,683) 1,580 (1,531 - 1,629) 1,263 (1,209 - 1,319) 14,422 (14,030 - 14,820) 15,684 (15,280 - 16,098)
South 33,939 (33,214 - 34,668) 2,881 (2,798 - 2,966) 2,634 (2,536 - 2,735) 28,424 (27,729 - 29,121) 31,058 (30,345 - 31,774)
West 17,118 (16,501 - 17,748) 1,512 (1,442 - 1,585) 1,396 (1,312 - 1,484) 14,209 (13,616 - 14,816) 15,605 (14,998 - 16,227)
Alabama 1,512 (1,391 - 1,637) 146 (132 - 160) 130 (114 - 148) 1,237 (1,122 - 1,355) 1,367 (1,247 - 1,490)
Alaska 125 (110 - 142) 15 (13 - 17) 10   (8 - 13) 100   (86 - 116) 111   (96 - 127)
Arizona 1,597 (1,432 - 1,774) 139 (120 - 161) 125 (105 - 147) 1,333 (1,178 - 1,497) 1,458 (1,297 - 1,631)
Arkansas 836 (762 - 913) 77 (68 - 86) 63 (54 - 72) 697 (627 - 768) 759 (687 - 834)
California 9,371 (8,868 - 9,888) 772 (715 - 831) 800 (732 - 873) 7,799 (7,316 - 8,298) 8,599 (8,104 - 9,109)
Colorado 876 (775 - 986) 82 (69 - 96) 61 (50 - 74) 733 (639 - 837) 794 (696 - 901)
Connecticut 868 (775 - 966) 60 (50 - 71) 50 (41 - 60) 758 (671 - 851) 808 (717 - 904)
Delaware 222 (201 - 245) 18 (16 - 21) 15 (12 - 17) 190 (170 - 211) 204 (184 - 226)
District of Columbia 134 (119 - 151) 7 (6 - 8) 12 (10 - 15) 115 (100 - 130) 127 (111 - 143)
Florida 6,127 (5,860 - 6,398) 415 (391 - 441) 387 (356 - 420) 5,325 (5,064 - 5,590) 5,712 (5,445 - 5,982)
Georgia 2,761 (2,521 - 3,010) 265 (235 - 297) 238 (205 - 275) 2,258 (2,035 - 2,490) 2,496 (2,263 - 2,739)
Hawaii 332 (300 - 367) 23 (20 - 27) 21 (18 - 25) 288 (257 - 321) 309 (277 - 343)
Idaho 388 (352 - 427) 40 (36 - 45) 33 (28 - 39) 315 (280 - 351) 348 (312 - 386)
Illinois 3,405 (3,235 - 3,578) 303 (283 - 323) 254 (233 - 276) 2,848 (2,685 - 3,016) 3,102 (2,935 - 3,273)
Indiana 1,709 (1,550 - 1,876) 167 (148 - 188) 131 (113 - 153) 1,410 (1,261 - 1,567) 1,542 (1,387 - 1,704)
Iowa 868 (792 - 949) 79 (71 - 88) 67 (57 - 78) 722 (650 - 797) 789 (714 - 868)
Kansas 729 (663 - 799) 68 (60 - 77) 57 (48 - 66) 605 (543 - 670) 661 (596 - 729)
Kentucky 1,347 (1,230 - 1,468) 130 (116 - 144) 114   (99 - 130) 1,103   (993 - 1,218) 1,217 (1,103 - 1,336)
Louisiana 1,512 (1,403 - 1,624) 129 (117 - 142) 132 (118 - 148) 1,251 (1,146 - 1,357) 1,383 (1,276 - 1,493)
Maine 273 (242 - 307) 23 (20 - 27) 16 (13 - 19) 234 (204 - 266) 250 (220 - 283)
Maryland 1,560 (1,412 - 1,715) 119 (103 - 135) 105   (89 - 123) 1,336 (1,197 - 1,482) 1,441 (1,296 - 1,593)
Massachusetts 1,356 (1,202 - 1,522) 101   (87 - 116) 94   (77 - 113) 1,161 (1,015 - 1,319) 1,255 (1,104 - 1,418)
Michigan 2,368 (2,243 - 2,497) 213 (199 - 228) 166 (151 - 182) 1,990 (1,869 - 2,114) 2,155 (2,032 - 2,282)
Minnesota 1,264 (1,145 - 1,390) 121 (107 - 137) 86   (73 - 102) 1,056   (945 - 1,175) 1,142 (1,027 - 1,266)
Mississippi 1,000   (928 - 1,074) 101   (91 - 111) 92   (81 - 104) 807 (740 - 875) 899 (829 - 971)
Missouri 1,624 (1,479 - 1,776) 130 (114 - 148) 125 (107 - 146) 1,368 (1,232 - 1,510) 1,493 (1,352 - 1,642)
Montana 201 (181 - 223) 17 (15 - 19) 14 (11 - 16) 171 (152 - 191) 184 (165 - 206)
Nebraska 478 (435 - 525) 48 (43 - 54) 38 (33 - 44) 392 (351 - 435) 430 (387 - 476)
Nevada 618 (551 - 689) 54 (46 - 64) 42 (35 - 50) 522 (460 - 588) 564 (500 - 632)
New Hampshire 262 (231 - 296) 21 (18 - 25) 14 (11 - 17) 227 (197 - 259) 241 (211 - 274)
New Jersey 2,407 (2,183 - 2,641) 182 (158 - 207) 133 (111 - 158) 2,092 (1,879 - 2,315) 2,225 (2,006 - 2,455)
New Mexico 557 (507 - 610) 42 (36 - 48) 39 (33 - 45) 477 (429 - 527) 516 (466 - 567)
New York 5,347 (5,066 - 5,635) 393 (364 - 423) 395 (361 - 432) 4,559 (4,290 - 4,835) 4,954 (4,678 - 5,237)
North Carolina 2,467 (2,235 - 2,714) 201 (176 - 229) 179 (153 - 208) 2,087 (1,869 - 2,317) 2,266 (2,040 - 2,505)
North Dakota 189 (173 - 205) 17 (15 - 19) 19 (16 - 21) 153 (138 - 168) 171 (156 - 188)
Ohio 3,018 (2,866 - 3,174) 272 (255 - 290) 202 (186 - 218) 2,545 (2,397 - 2,696) 2,746 (2,596 - 2,900)
Oklahoma 1,071   (978 - 1,168) 95   (84 - 107) 86   (74 - 100) 890 (803 - 979) 976   (885 - 1,070)
Oregon 689 (606 - 780) 67 (58 - 76) 48 (40 - 58) 575 (496 - 661) 622 (541 - 712)
Pennsylvania 3,425 (3,249 - 3,604) 266 (247 - 286) 236 (215 - 260) 2,922 (2,754 - 3,096) 3,159 (2,986 - 3,336)
Rhode Island 233 (207 - 261) 17 (15 - 20) 15 (12 - 18) 201 (177 - 228) 216 (191 - 244)
South Carolina 1,422 (1,309 - 1,540) 106   (94 - 119) 103   (89 - 118) 1,214 (1,106 - 1,325) 1,317 (1,205 - 1,432)
South Dakota 222 (203 - 243) 21 (19 - 24) 18 (15 - 21) 183 (164 - 202) 201 (182 - 222)
Tennessee 1,810 (1,652 - 1,977) 153 (136 - 172) 129 (111 - 149) 1,527 (1,378 - 1,683) 1,656 (1,502 - 1,820)
Texas 7,525 (7,186 - 7,869) 720 (678 - 764) 646 (598 - 697) 6,158 (5,833 - 6,489) 6,805 (6,471 - 7,144)
Utah 858 (793 - 924) 115 (104 - 127) 102   (89 - 115) 641 (582 - 702) 742 (680 - 807)
Vermont 128 (114 - 144) 11 (10 - 13) 8   (7 - 10) 109   (95 - 123) 117 (103 - 132)
Virginia 2,054 (1,858 - 2,260) 156 (138 - 177) 165 (141 - 192) 1,732 (1,548 - 1,926) 1,897 (1,705 - 2,100)
Washington 1,357 (1,203 - 1,523) 131 (114 - 149) 90   (75 - 108) 1,135   (991 - 1,293) 1,226 (1,076 - 1,389)
West Virginia 578 (529 - 629) 43 (38 - 48) 39 (33 - 44) 497 (450 - 545) 535 (488 - 585)
Wisconsin 1,390 (1,251 - 1,537) 139 (122 - 156) 100   (85 - 117) 1,151 (1,021 - 1,290) 1,251 (1,116 - 1,396)
Wyoming 148 (134 - 162) 15 (14 - 17) 12 (10 - 14) 121 (108 - 134) 133 (119 - 147)
121013
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 2,829 (2,728 - 2,934) 1,316 (1,268 - 1,367) 1,309 (1,244 - 1,377) 204 (161 - 258) 1,513 (1,426 - 1,604)
Northeast 517 (486 - 551) 234 (219 - 250) 247 (227 - 268) 36 (25 - 52) 283 (258 - 311)
Midwest 594 (564 - 626) 276 (261 - 291) 279 (260 - 300) 39 (28 - 56) 319 (293 - 346)
South 968   (916 - 1,024) 449 (425 - 473) 451 (419 - 484) 69 (49 - 98) 520 (476 - 567)
West 749 (701 - 801) 358 (334 - 383) 332 (303 - 364) 59 (40 - 87) 391 (352 - 435)
Alabama 35 (30 - 42) 16 (13 - 19) 17 (13 - 21) 3 (1 - 5) 20 (15 - 25)
Alaska 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Arizona 61 (52 - 72) 30 (24 - 36) 27 (21 - 34) 4 (2 - 8) 32 (25 - 39)
Arkansas 22 (18 - 26) 10   (8 - 12) 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (9 - 15)
California 417 (378 - 461) 195 (176 - 216) 187 (163 - 215) 35 (21 - 60) 222 (191 - 260)
Colorado 53 (46 - 62) 28 (23 - 33) 22 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 6) 26 (21 - 32)
Connecticut 33 (28 - 39) 16 (13 - 19) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 4) 17 (14 - 21)
Delaware 9   (7 - 10) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (4 - 6)
District of Columbia 7 (6 - 9) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Florida 152 (137 - 169) 67 (59 - 75) 73 (64 - 84) 13   (8 - 21) 86 (74 - 99)
Georgia 82 (70 - 98) 43 (35 - 52) 34 (26 - 44) 6   (3 - 11) 40 (31 - 51)
Hawaii 11 (9 - 14) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
Idaho 14 (12 - 17) 7 (6 - 8) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 2) 7 (6 - 9)
Illinois 116 (105 - 128) 54 (48 - 60) 54 (47 - 62) 8   (5 - 13) 63 (54 - 72)
Indiana 60 (52 - 71) 27 (22 - 33) 30 (24 - 37) 4 (2 - 7) 33 (27 - 41)
Iowa 28 (23 - 32) 12 (10 - 14) 14 (11 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 16 (13 - 19)
Kansas 27 (23 - 32) 13 (10 - 16) 12   (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 14 (11 - 18)
Kentucky 33 (28 - 40) 17 (14 - 20) 14 (11 - 18) 3 (1 - 5) 17 (13 - 21)
Louisiana 37 (32 - 44) 17 (14 - 20) 18 (15 - 22) 3 (1 - 5) 21 (17 - 26)
Maine 11 (10 - 13) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8)
Maryland 47 (39 - 56) 23 (19 - 29) 20 (15 - 26) 3 (2 - 6) 23 (18 - 30)
Massachusetts 71 (61 - 83) 33 (28 - 39) 33 (26 - 41) 5   (3 - 10) 38 (30 - 48)
Michigan 95   (87 - 104) 44 (39 - 49) 46 (40 - 52) 6 (3 - 9) 52 (45 - 59)
Minnesota 46 (38 - 53) 22 (18 - 27) 20 (16 - 26) 3 (2 - 6) 23 (18 - 29)
Mississippi 23 (20 - 27) 11   (9 - 14) 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 15)
Missouri 47 (40 - 56) 24 (20 - 29) 19 (15 - 25) 4 (2 - 7) 23 (18 - 29)
Montana 12 (10 - 13) 5 (5 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8)
Nebraska 16 (13 - 18) 7 (5 - 8) 8   (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11)
Nevada 27 (22 - 32) 13 (10 - 16) 12   (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4) 13 (11 - 17)
New Hampshire 13 (11 - 16) 7 (6 - 8) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 8)
New Jersey 82 (70 - 97) 41 (33 - 49) 36 (28 - 45) 6   (3 - 12) 42 (33 - 53)
New Mexico 22 (19 - 25) 11   (9 - 13) 9   (7 - 11) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (9 - 13)
New York 175 (159 - 194) 77 (68 - 86) 85 (74 - 98) 13   (8 - 21) 99   (85 - 114)
North Carolina 85 (72 - 99) 40 (33 - 49) 39 (31 - 49) 5 (3 - 9) 44 (35 - 55)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 8) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Ohio 102   (93 - 112) 47 (42 - 52) 48 (42 - 55) 7   (4 - 11) 55 (48 - 63)
Oklahoma 31 (26 - 37) 15 (12 - 18) 14 (11 - 17) 3 (1 - 5) 16 (13 - 21)
Oregon 34 (29 - 40) 16 (14 - 20) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 4) 18 (14 - 22)
Pennsylvania 113 (103 - 126) 48 (42 - 53) 59 (51 - 68) 7   (4 - 12) 66 (57 - 76)
Rhode Island 11 (10 - 13) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
South Carolina 39 (33 - 45) 19 (15 - 22) 17 (14 - 22) 3 (1 - 5) 20 (16 - 25)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 9) 3 (3 - 4) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Tennessee 47 (39 - 56) 22 (18 - 27) 22 (17 - 28) 4 (2 - 7) 25 (20 - 32)
Texas 233 (212 - 257) 106   (94 - 119) 113   (98 - 129) 15   (9 - 25) 127 (111 - 147)
Utah 24 (20 - 29) 12 (10 - 15) 11   (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 16)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4)
Virginia 70 (59 - 82) 31 (26 - 37) 34 (27 - 43) 5 (3 - 9) 39 (31 - 49)
Washington 61 (52 - 72) 30 (25 - 36) 26 (21 - 33) 5 (3 - 8) 31 (25 - 39)
West Virginia 16 (13 - 18) 7 (6 - 9) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 10)
Wisconsin 44 (37 - 53) 21 (17 - 26) 20 (15 - 26) 3 (1 - 6) 23 (18 - 29)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (2 - 3)
121013
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,518 (8,143 - 8,910) 1,059 (1,000 - 1,121) 2,547 (2,429 - 2,670) 4,912 (4,571 - 5,278) 7,459 (7,090 - 7,847)
Northeast 1,560 (1,432 - 1,700) 164 (149 - 181) 459 (422 - 499) 936   (824 - 1,064) 1,396 (1,270 - 1,534)
Midwest 1,802 (1,682 - 1,929) 224 (207 - 242) 561 (524 - 600) 1,017   (912 - 1,133) 1,578 (1,460 - 1,703)
South 2,994 (2,804 - 3,195) 383 (355 - 413) 870 (815 - 929) 1,741 (1,573 - 1,925) 2,611 (2,425 - 2,810)
West 2,163 (1,976 - 2,366) 288 (257 - 322) 656 (599 - 719) 1,219 (1,061 - 1,399) 1,875 (1,695 - 2,073)
Alabama 126   (98 - 160) 17 (14 - 22) 35 (27 - 46) 73   (52 - 103) 108   (82 - 143)
Alaska 20 (16 - 26) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (8 - 17) 18 (14 - 24)
Arizona 197 (151 - 254) 28 (22 - 35) 54 (41 - 71) 115   (80 - 166) 169 (126 - 226)
Arkansas 94   (74 - 119) 12 (10 - 15) 27 (21 - 33) 55 (39 - 78) 82   (63 - 106)
California 1,083   (939 - 1,249) 159 (135 - 186) 337 (291 - 388) 588 (470 - 735) 925   (786 - 1,087)
Colorado 165 (132 - 205) 17 (13 - 22) 54 (43 - 67) 94   (68 - 129) 148 (116 - 188)
Connecticut 104   (80 - 134) 11   (8 - 14) 29 (22 - 37) 64 (45 - 91) 93   (70 - 123)
Delaware 30 (23 - 38) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 12) 17 (12 - 25) 27 (20 - 35)
District of Columbia 23 (17 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (11 - 21) 21 (16 - 28)
Florida 490 (422 - 569) 55 (48 - 65) 124 (107 - 144) 310 (251 - 384) 434 (368 - 513)
Georgia 214 (165 - 276) 30 (23 - 38) 64 (49 - 84) 120   (83 - 174) 184 (138 - 245)
Hawaii 33 (25 - 43) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 12) 20 (14 - 29) 29 (22 - 39)
Idaho 47 (37 - 59) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 17) 27 (19 - 37) 41 (31 - 53)
Illinois 326 (282 - 377) 43 (37 - 51) 106   (92 - 122) 177 (141 - 223) 283 (241 - 332)
Indiana 195 (153 - 248) 23 (18 - 29) 62 (50 - 79) 110   (76 - 157) 172 (131 - 225)
Iowa 66 (51 - 85) 10   (8 - 13) 22 (17 - 29) 34 (23 - 50) 56 (41 - 75)
Kansas 73 (58 - 91) 10   (8 - 12) 23 (17 - 29) 40 (29 - 56) 63 (49 - 81)
Kentucky 107   (84 - 137) 14 (11 - 18) 33 (26 - 43) 60 (42 - 85) 93   (71 - 123)
Louisiana 127 (102 - 158) 16 (13 - 20) 40 (33 - 50) 70 (50 - 98) 111   (87 - 141)
Maine 37 (29 - 46) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 15) 21 (15 - 29) 33 (26 - 42)
Maryland 138 (107 - 178) 17 (13 - 22) 38 (29 - 49) 84 (59 - 120) 121   (91 - 161)
Massachusetts 189 (149 - 240) 20 (16 - 25) 65 (51 - 82) 104   (73 - 148) 169 (130 - 220)
Michigan 299 (260 - 344) 36 (31 - 42) 84 (73 - 96) 179 (145 - 221) 263 (224 - 308)
Minnesota 139 (110 - 175) 16 (12 - 20) 44 (35 - 56) 79   (57 - 111) 123   (95 - 159)
Mississippi 79 (63 - 98) 11   (9 - 14) 23 (18 - 30) 44 (32 - 61) 67 (52 - 87)
Missouri 139 (109 - 176) 19 (15 - 24) 46 (36 - 59) 74   (51 - 106) 120   (92 - 157)
Montana 26 (20 - 33) 3 (3 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 15 (10 - 20) 22 (17 - 29)
Nebraska 44 (34 - 56) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (11 - 18) 25 (17 - 35) 38 (29 - 50)
Nevada 78   (60 - 101) 10   (8 - 14) 20 (16 - 27) 47 (33 - 67) 67 (50 - 90)
New Hampshire 46 (36 - 57) 4 (3 - 6) 15 (12 - 18) 26 (19 - 37) 41 (32 - 53)
New Jersey 241 (188 - 308) 27 (21 - 34) 67 (52 - 87) 146 (104 - 206) 214 (163 - 280)
New Mexico 64 (51 - 81) 9   (7 - 11) 19 (15 - 23) 37 (26 - 52) 56 (43 - 72)
New York 530 (449 - 626) 54 (45 - 64) 145 (124 - 170) 331 (261 - 419) 476 (397 - 571)
North Carolina 237 (185 - 304) 30 (24 - 38) 73 (56 - 94) 135   (95 - 192) 207 (157 - 273)
North Dakota 13   (9 - 17) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 7   (4 - 10) 11   (8 - 15)
Ohio 324 (283 - 371) 40 (34 - 46) 96   (84 - 109) 188 (153 - 230) 284 (244 - 330)
Oklahoma 123   (96 - 157) 13 (10 - 17) 36 (29 - 46) 73   (52 - 103) 110   (84 - 144)
Oregon 135 (107 - 170) 14 (11 - 18) 39 (31 - 49) 82   (58 - 113) 121   (94 - 155)
Pennsylvania 346 (299 - 401) 39 (33 - 46) 103   (89 - 120) 204 (164 - 252) 307 (261 - 361)
Rhode Island 43 (34 - 55) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (10 - 16) 27 (19 - 37) 40 (30 - 51)
South Carolina 117   (91 - 149) 14 (11 - 17) 32 (25 - 41) 71 (50 - 99) 103   (79 - 135)
South Dakota 18 (13 - 23) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 9   (6 - 14) 15 (11 - 20)
Tennessee 193 (152 - 245) 24 (19 - 30) 60 (47 - 77) 110   (78 - 154) 170 (130 - 221)
Texas 623 (540 - 718) 96   (82 - 112) 181 (156 - 210) 346 (277 - 431) 527 (447 - 621)
Utah 63 (49 - 82) 9   (7 - 12) 22 (16 - 29) 33 (22 - 48) 54 (41 - 72)
Vermont 24 (19 - 30) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 14 (10 - 19) 22 (17 - 28)
Virginia 219 (172 - 279) 23 (18 - 29) 69 (55 - 88) 127   (89 - 179) 196 (151 - 255)
Washington 238 (190 - 298) 25 (19 - 32) 72 (58 - 89) 142 (103 - 194) 214 (167 - 273)
West Virginia 54 (43 - 68) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (14 - 22) 31 (22 - 43) 48 (38 - 62)
Wisconsin 168 (133 - 212) 19 (15 - 24) 53 (42 - 67) 96   (69 - 133) 149 (115 - 193)
Wyoming 13 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (5 - 11) 11   (9 - 15)
121013
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,195 (3,947 - 4,458) 234 (208 - 264) 1,578 (1,485 - 1,678) 2,383 (2,161 - 2,626) 3,961 (3,715 - 4,223)
Northeast 895   (797 - 1,007) 40 (33 - 47) 321 (288 - 358) 535 (449 - 638) 856 (759 - 966)
Midwest 794 (712 - 884) 45 (38 - 53) 296 (266 - 330) 452 (379 - 539) 749 (669 - 837)
South 1,347 (1,213 - 1,497) 78 (67 - 91) 484 (435 - 538) 785 (663 - 930) 1,270 (1,139 - 1,416)
West 1,159 (1,028 - 1,305) 71 (58 - 87) 477 (425 - 536) 610 (501 - 743) 1,087   (959 - 1,231)
Alabama 36 (23 - 55) 2 (1 - 4) 12   (8 - 19) 21 (13 - 36) 34 (22 - 52)
Alaska 11   (8 - 15) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 6   (4 - 10) 10   (7 - 14)
Arizona 92   (65 - 130) 6 (4 - 9) 36 (26 - 50) 51 (32 - 79) 87   (61 - 123)
Arkansas 26 (18 - 37) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (6 - 13) 15   (9 - 24) 24 (16 - 35)
California 623 (519 - 746) 41 (31 - 55) 253 (211 - 302) 329 (248 - 436) 582 (480 - 703)
Colorado 105   (80 - 137) 5 (3 - 7) 50 (38 - 65) 50 (33 - 75) 100   (75 - 131)
Connecticut 57 (41 - 79) 3 (2 - 4) 21 (15 - 29) 33 (21 - 50) 54 (39 - 75)
Delaware 14 (10 - 19) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 13) 13   (9 - 18)
District of Columbia 16 (11 - 22) 0 (0 - 0) 4 (3 - 5) 12   (8 - 18) 16 (11 - 22)
Florida 255 (210 - 311) 12   (9 - 16) 93   (77 - 113) 150 (113 - 199) 243 (199 - 299)
Georgia 90   (61 - 132) 5 (3 - 8) 29 (19 - 43) 56 (35 - 90) 85   (57 - 126)
Hawaii 17 (12 - 25) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 8) 11   (7 - 18) 17 (11 - 24)
Idaho 12   (8 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 8) 5   (3 - 10) 11   (7 - 16)
Illinois 192 (159 - 233) 10   (8 - 13) 65 (54 - 80) 117   (90 - 153) 183 (150 - 222)
Indiana 54 (36 - 80) 4 (2 - 6) 22 (15 - 33) 28 (16 - 48) 50 (33 - 75)
Iowa 25 (17 - 38) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (7 - 16) 13   (7 - 22) 23 (15 - 35)
Kansas 33 (23 - 46) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (10 - 19) 17 (10 - 26) 30 (21 - 43)
Kentucky 44 (31 - 63) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (12 - 25) 24 (15 - 38) 41 (29 - 60)
Louisiana 50 (35 - 71) 2 (1 - 3) 16 (11 - 22) 32 (20 - 50) 48 (33 - 68)
Maine 20 (15 - 27) 1 (1 - 1) 8 (6 - 10) 11   (8 - 17) 19 (14 - 26)
Maryland 73   (51 - 105) 3 (2 - 5) 23 (16 - 34) 46 (30 - 73) 70   (48 - 101)
Massachusetts 119   (88 - 161) 5 (4 - 8) 45 (33 - 60) 69   (46 - 103) 114   (83 - 155)
Michigan 122 (100 - 149) 7 (5 - 9) 46 (38 - 55) 69 (51 - 93) 115   (93 - 141)
Minnesota 56 (38 - 81) 3 (2 - 5) 21 (14 - 31) 32 (20 - 51) 53 (36 - 77)
Mississippi 34 (24 - 49) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 15) 22 (14 - 35) 32 (22 - 47)
Missouri 69 (49 - 98) 4 (3 - 6) 27 (19 - 38) 39 (24 - 61) 65 (46 - 93)
Montana 12   (8 - 16) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 9) 11   (8 - 15)
Nebraska 21 (15 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (6 - 12) 11   (7 - 17) 19 (14 - 28)
Nevada 41 (29 - 57) 2 (2 - 4) 16 (11 - 22) 23 (15 - 35) 38 (27 - 54)
New Hampshire 25 (19 - 33) 1 (1 - 2) 11   (8 - 14) 13   (9 - 19) 24 (17 - 32)
New Jersey 152 (111 - 208) 7   (5 - 10) 50 (37 - 69) 94   (63 - 141) 145 (105 - 200)
New Mexico 34 (25 - 46) 2 (2 - 4) 14 (10 - 18) 18 (12 - 27) 32 (23 - 43)
New York 303 (250 - 368) 13 (10 - 17) 106   (88 - 127) 184 (140 - 243) 290 (238 - 354)
North Carolina 128   (91 - 180) 7   (4 - 10) 45 (32 - 63) 76   (49 - 118) 121   (85 - 172)
North Dakota 5 (3 - 8) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (1 - 3) 2 (1 - 5) 5 (3 - 7)
Ohio 140 (113 - 173) 7   (6 - 10) 49 (40 - 59) 84   (62 - 113) 133 (107 - 165)
Oklahoma 38 (26 - 54) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (11 - 23) 20 (12 - 32) 35 (24 - 51)
Oregon 68 (52 - 90) 4 (3 - 5) 29 (22 - 38) 35 (24 - 52) 65 (49 - 86)
Pennsylvania 182 (148 - 225) 8   (6 - 11) 64 (52 - 79) 110   (82 - 148) 174 (140 - 217)
Rhode Island 23 (17 - 31) 1 (1 - 1) 9   (7 - 12) 13   (9 - 19) 22 (16 - 30)
South Carolina 52 (36 - 75) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (11 - 23) 34 (22 - 53) 50 (34 - 72)
South Dakota 6   (4 - 10) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 6) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 64 (44 - 94) 4 (2 - 6) 21 (14 - 32) 39 (25 - 63) 61 (41 - 89)
Texas 306 (250 - 374) 25 (19 - 33) 122 (100 - 149) 159 (116 - 216) 281 (227 - 346)
Utah 30 (21 - 43) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (10 - 20) 14   (9 - 23) 28 (19 - 40)
Vermont 15 (11 - 19) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 9) 7   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 18)
Virginia 100   (73 - 138) 5 (3 - 7) 37 (27 - 51) 58 (38 - 88) 96   (69 - 133)
Washington 109   (82 - 145) 5 (4 - 8) 44 (33 - 59) 59 (40 - 87) 103   (77 - 139)
West Virginia 22 (16 - 30) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 12) 11   (7 - 18) 20 (15 - 28)
Wisconsin 70 (50 - 98) 4 (3 - 6) 29 (20 - 40) 38 (24 - 59) 67 (47 - 94)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 8) 0 (0 - 1) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (1 - 5) 5 (3 - 8)
121013
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 11,692 (11,261 - 12,139) 1,503 (1,433 - 1,576) 3,566 (3,431 - 3,706) 6,624 (6,235 - 7,036) 10,190   (9,768 - 10,629)
Northeast 1,948 (1,811 - 2,097) 221 (202 - 241) 622 (579 - 667) 1,106   (988 - 1,238) 1,728 (1,594 - 1,874)
Midwest 2,600 (2,458 - 2,748) 336 (315 - 359) 833 (790 - 878) 1,431 (1,307 - 1,566) 2,264 (2,125 - 2,410)
South 4,110 (3,887 - 4,346) 552 (517 - 588) 1,241 (1,175 - 1,311) 2,318 (2,122 - 2,531) 3,559 (3,342 - 3,789)
West 3,034 (2,804 - 3,282) 395 (360 - 432) 871 (807 - 939) 1,768 (1,564 - 1,999) 2,639 (2,415 - 2,884)
Alabama 175 (143 - 212) 25 (20 - 31) 53 (43 - 66) 96   (72 - 128) 150 (120 - 186)
Alaska 30 (25 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 17 (13 - 22) 26 (21 - 32)
Arizona 302 (246 - 370) 43 (35 - 54) 81   (65 - 100) 179 (133 - 238) 259 (205 - 326)
Arkansas 133 (110 - 160) 18 (15 - 22) 40 (33 - 48) 74 (56 - 98) 115   (93 - 141)
California 1,436 (1,269 - 1,625) 190 (165 - 218) 405 (355 - 462) 841   (697 - 1,014) 1,247 (1,084 - 1,433)
Colorado 250 (207 - 302) 29 (23 - 36) 78 (65 - 94) 143 (108 - 189) 222 (180 - 272)
Connecticut 131 (105 - 162) 13 (11 - 17) 40 (32 - 49) 77   (57 - 104) 117   (92 - 148)
Delaware 42 (34 - 51) 4 (3 - 5) 14 (11 - 17) 24 (18 - 32) 38 (31 - 47)
District of Columbia 25 (20 - 30) 1 (1 - 2) 8 (6 - 9) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (19 - 29)
Florida 643 (567 - 729) 75 (65 - 86) 164 (142 - 188) 404 (337 - 485) 568 (494 - 654)
Georgia 301 (246 - 368) 44 (35 - 55) 94   (74 - 119) 163 (122 - 218) 257 (205 - 322)
Hawaii 42 (33 - 53) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (9 - 14) 26 (19 - 35) 37 (28 - 47)
Idaho 72 (60 - 87) 10   (8 - 12) 21 (17 - 26) 42 (32 - 54) 63 (51 - 77)
Illinois 433 (381 - 492) 55 (47 - 63) 145 (128 - 164) 233 (191 - 285) 378 (328 - 436)
Indiana 303 (249 - 367) 37 (30 - 46) 104   (86 - 125) 162 (120 - 216) 266 (214 - 328)
Iowa 92   (74 - 113) 14 (11 - 17) 32 (26 - 40) 46 (33 - 64) 78 (61 - 99)
Kansas 105   (87 - 127) 14 (12 - 18) 34 (27 - 41) 57 (43 - 75) 91   (74 - 112)
Kentucky 161 (133 - 194) 22 (18 - 28) 50 (40 - 61) 88   (67 - 116) 138 (112 - 171)
Louisiana 180 (151 - 214) 24 (19 - 29) 61 (51 - 73) 95   (73 - 124) 156 (128 - 190)
Maine 47 (38 - 58) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 18) 27 (20 - 36) 42 (33 - 52)
Maryland 186 (151 - 230) 21 (17 - 27) 57 (45 - 70) 109   (81 - 145) 165 (131 - 208)
Massachusetts 239 (196 - 291) 24 (19 - 31) 81   (66 - 100) 134 (101 - 177) 215 (173 - 266)
Michigan 424 (379 - 475) 52 (45 - 59) 129 (117 - 143) 243 (204 - 290) 372 (328 - 422)
Minnesota 202 (167 - 242) 26 (21 - 32) 66 (54 - 80) 110   (84 - 145) 176 (143 - 215)
Mississippi 106   (88 - 129) 17 (14 - 21) 32 (26 - 40) 57 (43 - 75) 89   (72 - 111)
Missouri 240 (200 - 287) 32 (26 - 39) 77 (63 - 93) 131 (100 - 170) 208 (169 - 254)
Montana 40 (33 - 48) 6 (5 - 7) 12 (10 - 14) 23 (17 - 30) 34 (28 - 42)
Nebraska 62 (51 - 76) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (16 - 24) 35 (27 - 46) 55 (44 - 68)
Nevada 123 (100 - 151) 17 (13 - 21) 33 (26 - 40) 74 (55 - 99) 107   (85 - 134)
New Hampshire 52 (43 - 62) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (15 - 21) 28 (21 - 37) 45 (37 - 56)
New Jersey 303 (248 - 371) 36 (28 - 46) 96   (78 - 117) 172 (129 - 228) 267 (215 - 332)
New Mexico 91   (75 - 111) 14 (11 - 18) 25 (20 - 31) 51 (38 - 69) 77 (61 - 96)
New York 653 (570 - 748) 70 (60 - 82) 197 (172 - 225) 386 (314 - 474) 583 (502 - 677)
North Carolina 312 (252 - 385) 46 (38 - 57) 91   (72 - 114) 175 (128 - 237) 266 (208 - 337)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 3 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 15) 19 (15 - 23)
Ohio 480 (431 - 534) 66 (58 - 75) 144 (130 - 160) 269 (227 - 319) 414 (367 - 467)
Oklahoma 157 (129 - 191) 21 (17 - 26) 47 (38 - 58) 89   (67 - 118) 136 (110 - 169)
Oregon 207 (170 - 250) 21 (17 - 26) 62 (51 - 73) 124   (94 - 163) 185 (150 - 228)
Pennsylvania 449 (398 - 506) 58 (50 - 66) 150 (131 - 170) 242 (200 - 292) 391 (342 - 448)
Rhode Island 46 (38 - 56) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (13 - 20) 26 (20 - 34) 42 (34 - 52)
South Carolina 176 (145 - 213) 21 (17 - 26) 53 (44 - 65) 102   (77 - 134) 155 (125 - 191)
South Dakota 25 (19 - 31) 4 (3 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 14 (10 - 19) 21 (16 - 27)
Tennessee 264 (219 - 318) 34 (28 - 42) 88   (72 - 106) 142 (108 - 187) 230 (186 - 282)
Texas 873 (774 - 985) 132 (114 - 152) 265 (234 - 300) 476 (392 - 578) 741 (646 - 850)
Utah 94   (77 - 115) 15 (11 - 19) 31 (24 - 39) 49 (37 - 65) 80 (64 - 99)
Vermont 28 (23 - 33) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 12) 15 (11 - 20) 25 (20 - 30)
Virginia 302 (248 - 366) 36 (29 - 45) 101   (82 - 123) 165 (124 - 218) 266 (214 - 328)
Washington 323 (268 - 390) 39 (31 - 48) 97   (81 - 117) 187 (142 - 247) 285 (231 - 349)
West Virginia 75 (62 - 90) 9   (8 - 12) 23 (19 - 28) 42 (32 - 55) 65 (53 - 80)
Wisconsin 214 (175 - 262) 27 (22 - 34) 67 (54 - 83) 120   (90 - 160) 187 (149 - 234)
Wyoming 21 (18 - 26) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 16) 19 (15 - 23)
121013
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 132,390 (130,948 - 133,810) 3,323 (3,212 - 3,436) 20,866 (20,600 - 21,129) 108,201 (106,815 - 109,564) 129,067 (127,640 - 130,470)
Northeast 26,597 (26,041 - 27,146) 676 (638 - 716) 4,053 (3,958 - 4,146) 21,868 (21,350 - 22,380) 25,921 (25,366 - 26,472)
Midwest 30,163 (29,601 - 30,730) 723 (690 - 756) 4,767 (4,667 - 4,866) 24,673 (24,155 - 25,191) 29,441 (28,873 - 30,007)
South 45,406 (44,475 - 46,324) 1,133 (1,081 - 1,186) 7,233 (7,065 - 7,400) 37,040 (36,188 - 37,876) 44,273 (43,337 - 45,192)
West 30,223 (29,505 - 30,936) 791 (741 - 844) 4,812 (4,677 - 4,946) 24,620 (23,955 - 25,278) 29,432 (28,714 - 30,142)
Alabama 1,699 (1,574 - 1,825) 44 (37 - 53) 271 (251 - 291) 1,383 (1,265 - 1,503) 1,654 (1,531 - 1,780)
Alaska 303 (283 - 322) 7 (6 - 9) 50 (46 - 53) 245 (227 - 263) 295 (276 - 314)
Arizona 2,596 (2,403 - 2,792) 68 (57 - 82) 390 (360 - 419) 2,138 (1,956 - 2,319) 2,528 (2,335 - 2,719)
Arkansas 977   (898 - 1,058) 30 (25 - 36) 156 (144 - 168) 791 (717 - 867) 947   (868 - 1,027)
California 15,285 (14,730 - 15,837) 428 (386 - 473) 2,570 (2,470 - 2,667) 12,287 (11,763 - 12,809) 14,857 (14,304 - 15,406)
Colorado 2,562 (2,428 - 2,692) 60 (50 - 71) 394 (372 - 414) 2,108 (1,981 - 2,229) 2,502 (2,369 - 2,629)
Connecticut 1,830 (1,733 - 1,925) 48 (41 - 57) 265 (251 - 279) 1,517 (1,425 - 1,604) 1,782 (1,685 - 1,874)
Delaware 409 (384 - 434) 10   (8 - 12) 65 (61 - 68) 334 (310 - 358) 399 (374 - 424)
District of Columbia 331 (313 - 349) 5 (4 - 6) 68 (65 - 71) 258 (241 - 275) 327 (308 - 344)
Florida 8,083 (7,794 - 8,370) 171 (155 - 188) 1,100 (1,057 - 1,143)  6,812 (6,534 - 7,087) 7,912 (7,623 - 8,200)
Georgia 3,689 (3,440 - 3,939) 96   (80 - 115) 579 (537 - 620) 3,014 (2,778 - 3,249) 3,592 (3,346 - 3,839)
Hawaii 521 (484 - 558) 13 (11 - 16) 82 (77 - 88) 425 (390 - 460) 508 (471 - 544)
Idaho 619 (578 - 661) 16 (14 - 20) 89 (82 - 96) 514 (475 - 553) 603 (561 - 644)
Illinois 5,857 (5,661 - 6,050) 141 (127 - 156) 926 (895 - 956) 4,790 (4,604 - 4,973) 5,716 (5,521 - 5,908)
Indiana 2,714 (2,538 - 2,889) 61 (51 - 74) 442 (413 - 470) 2,210 (2,042 - 2,376) 2,652 (2,476 - 2,825)
Iowa 1,362 (1,280 - 1,444) 38 (32 - 44) 235 (221 - 248) 1,089 (1,011 - 1,166) 1,324 (1,241 - 1,404)
Kansas 1,193 (1,117 - 1,268) 31 (26 - 36) 204 (191 - 216) 958   (888 - 1,028) 1,162 (1,087 - 1,236)
Kentucky 1,456 (1,341 - 1,576) 43 (36 - 52) 235 (216 - 254) 1,178 (1,069 - 1,291) 1,413 (1,297 - 1,531)
Louisiana 1,743 (1,633 - 1,854) 52 (44 - 60) 306 (287 - 325) 1,386 (1,281 - 1,490) 1,692 (1,581 - 1,801)
Maine 621 (582 - 659) 12 (10 - 14) 82 (77 - 87) 527 (490 - 564) 609 (570 - 647)
Maryland 2,633 (2,469 - 2,795) 57 (48 - 68) 397 (372 - 421) 2,179 (2,024 - 2,330) 2,576 (2,412 - 2,736)
Massachusetts 3,531 (3,356 - 3,700) 78 (67 - 91) 538 (509 - 566) 2,915 (2,750 - 3,071) 3,453 (3,279 - 3,619)
Michigan 4,446 (4,301 - 4,590) 104   (94 - 115) 693 (670 - 715) 3,649 (3,510 - 3,787) 4,342 (4,198 - 4,485)
Minnesota 2,621 (2,482 - 2,759) 55 (46 - 65) 392 (369 - 413) 2,174 (2,042 - 2,301) 2,566 (2,426 - 2,700)
Mississippi 966   (895 - 1,039) 29 (25 - 35) 175 (162 - 188) 762 (695 - 830) 937   (866 - 1,009)
Missouri 2,475 (2,316 - 2,634) 71 (60 - 83) 399 (374 - 422) 2,005 (1,856 - 2,154) 2,404 (2,246 - 2,561)
Montana 498 (472 - 523) 13 (11 - 15) 76 (72 - 79) 410 (385 - 433) 485 (460 - 510)
Nebraska 792 (743 - 840) 18 (16 - 22) 136 (128 - 144) 637 (591 - 682) 773 (724 - 821)
Nevada 1,185 (1,104 - 1,265) 28 (23 - 34) 161 (149 - 172) 996   (920 - 1,071) 1,157 (1,076 - 1,236)
New Hampshire 695 (657 - 732) 17 (15 - 20) 104   (99 - 109) 573 (537 - 608) 677 (639 - 714)
New Jersey 4,160 (3,915 - 4,400) 118 (101 - 138) 562 (526 - 596) 3,480 (3,247 - 3,704) 4,042 (3,798 - 4,278)
New Mexico 715 (660 - 772) 21 (17 - 25) 123 (114 - 132) 571 (519 - 624) 694 (639 - 750)
New York 9,030 (8,727 - 9,328) 247 (224 - 272) 1,451 (1,403 - 1,497) 7,332 (7,041 - 7,619) 8,783 (8,480 - 9,081)
North Carolina 3,834 (3,572 - 4,097) 95   (80 - 113) 626 (586 - 666) 3,112 (2,866 - 3,357) 3,738 (3,476 - 3,997)
North Dakota 326 (309 - 344) 7 (6 - 8) 66 (62 - 69) 254 (237 - 270) 320 (302 - 337)
Ohio 5,040 (4,873 - 5,206) 125 (113 - 137) 774 (749 - 799) 4,141 (3,982 - 4,299) 4,916 (4,749 - 5,081)
Oklahoma 1,355 (1,257 - 1,454) 38 (32 - 46) 243 (225 - 260) 1,074   (983 - 1,166) 1,317 (1,219 - 1,414)
Oregon 1,947 (1,843 - 2,048) 42 (36 - 49) 264 (248 - 279) 1,641 (1,541 - 1,736) 1,905 (1,801 - 2,004)
Pennsylvania 5,851 (5,657 - 6,043) 135 (122 - 150) 902 (868 - 935) 4,814 (4,629 - 4,997) 5,716 (5,522 - 5,907)
Rhode Island 552 (521 - 582) 12 (10 - 14) 94 (90 - 99) 446 (417 - 474) 540 (509 - 569)
South Carolina 1,843 (1,716 - 1,970) 43 (36 - 52) 286 (267 - 304) 1,513 (1,393 - 1,633) 1,799 (1,673 - 1,925)
South Dakota 373 (351 - 395) 10   (9 - 12) 63 (59 - 67) 299 (278 - 319) 362 (340 - 384)
Tennessee 2,192 (2,019 - 2,369) 55 (46 - 65) 355 (328 - 382) 1,781 (1,619 - 1,947) 2,137 (1,964 - 2,311)
Texas 10,005 (9,649 - 10,361) 266 (239 - 296) 1,682 (1,618 - 1,745) 8,057 (7,715 - 8,396) 9,739 (9,383 - 10,092)
Utah 553 (491 - 620) 20 (15 - 26) 117 (102 - 133) 417 (359 - 480) 533 (471 - 600)
Vermont 327 (309 - 344) 8 (7 - 9) 55 (52 - 58) 264 (247 - 280) 319 (301 - 336)
Virginia 3,585 (3,362 - 3,804) 78 (66 - 93) 587 (554 - 619) 2,919 (2,708 - 3,124) 3,506 (3,284 - 3,722)
Washington 3,208 (3,021 - 3,391) 69 (58 - 82) 461 (432 - 488) 2,678 (2,501 - 2,849) 3,139 (2,952 - 3,320)
West Virginia 607 (557 - 659) 19 (16 - 23) 102   (95 - 109) 486 (439 - 535) 588 (538 - 639)
Wisconsin 2,965 (2,807 - 3,118) 62 (52 - 74) 438 (414 - 460) 2,465 (2,313 - 2,607) 2,903 (2,744 - 3,052)
Wyoming 231 (216 - 246) 6 (5 - 7) 37 (34 - 39) 189 (174 - 203) 225 (210 - 240)
121013
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 58,440 (57,404 - 59,485) 1,881 (1,799 - 1,966) 13,725 (13,463 - 13,988) 42,835 (41,853 - 43,829) 56,559 (55,527 - 57,600)
Northeast 11,518 (11,152 - 11,893) 381 (353 - 412) 2,673 (2,592 - 2,754) 8,464 (8,118 - 8,820) 11,137 (10,774 - 11,510)
Midwest 13,730 (13,383 - 14,082) 419 (394 - 446) 3,267 (3,190 - 3,344) 10,044   (9,713 - 10,384) 13,310 (12,965 - 13,661)
South 20,012 (19,451 - 20,581) 622 (583 - 663) 4,632 (4,508 - 4,757) 14,758 (14,220 - 15,306) 19,390 (18,832 - 19,956)
West 13,181 (12,710 - 13,662) 458 (417 - 503) 3,153 (3,040 - 3,268) 9,569   (9,122 - 10,031) 12,722 (12,255 - 13,200)
Alabama 776 (689 - 871) 25 (20 - 31) 162 (142 - 182) 589 (510 - 677) 751 (664 - 845)
Alaska 135 (122 - 150) 4 (3 - 6) 35 (31 - 38) 96   (84 - 110) 131 (117 - 146)
Arizona 1,195 (1,060 - 1,341) 39 (31 - 49) 260 (232 - 289) 897   (774 - 1,033) 1,156 (1,022 - 1,300)
Arkansas 454 (403 - 510) 17 (14 - 21) 97   (86 - 109) 340 (293 - 393) 437 (386 - 493)
California 6,743 (6,363 - 7,138) 249 (217 - 286) 1,654 (1,561 - 1,748) 4,840 (4,481 - 5,220) 6,494 (6,116 - 6,888)
Colorado 1,020   (922 - 1,125) 30 (24 - 37) 250 (227 - 273) 740 (652 - 837) 990   (893 - 1,093)
Connecticut 785 (707 - 869) 29 (23 - 36) 180 (164 - 195) 577 (505 - 655) 756 (679 - 839)
Delaware 174 (156 - 193) 6 (5 - 7) 42 (38 - 45) 127 (110 - 145) 168 (151 - 187)
District of Columbia 169 (155 - 185) 2 (2 - 3) 46 (42 - 49) 121 (107 - 136) 167 (152 - 182)
Florida 3,158 (2,956 - 3,371) 94   (82 - 106) 654 (614 - 694) 2,410 (2,219 - 2,614) 3,064 (2,864 - 3,277)
Georgia 1,540 (1,372 - 1,722) 51 (41 - 64) 376 (335 - 419) 1,112   (963 - 1,279) 1,488 (1,323 - 1,668)
Hawaii 250 (224 - 278) 8   (6 - 10) 56 (51 - 62) 186 (162 - 211) 242 (216 - 269)
Idaho 273 (243 - 306) 10   (8 - 12) 60 (53 - 67) 204 (176 - 234) 263 (234 - 296)
Illinois 2,697 (2,558 - 2,841) 84 (74 - 95) 638 (608 - 669) 1,974 (1,841 - 2,114) 2,613 (2,475 - 2,756)
Indiana 1,209 (1,084 - 1,344) 35 (28 - 44) 303 (274 - 332) 871 (759 - 995) 1,174 (1,050 - 1,307)
Iowa 670 (609 - 734) 23 (19 - 28) 176 (162 - 190) 471 (416 - 531) 647 (586 - 710)
Kansas 540 (487 - 596) 18 (15 - 23) 140 (127 - 153) 382 (334 - 434) 521 (469 - 578)
Kentucky 748 (670 - 834) 26 (21 - 32) 174 (157 - 192) 549 (476 - 629) 722 (645 - 807)
Louisiana 841 (764 - 923) 25 (21 - 31) 196 (179 - 214) 619 (548 - 697) 816 (739 - 897)
Maine 253 (227 - 282) 7 (6 - 9) 55 (50 - 61) 191 (166 - 218) 246 (220 - 275)
Maryland 1,003   (898 - 1,118) 30 (24 - 37) 245 (221 - 271) 728 (632 - 835) 974   (869 - 1,088)
Massachusetts 1,516 (1,379 - 1,661) 46 (38 - 55) 364 (334 - 393) 1,106   (979 - 1,243) 1,470 (1,334 - 1,614)
Michigan 2,100 (1,992 - 2,213) 62 (55 - 71) 480 (459 - 501) 1,558 (1,453 - 1,668) 2,038 (1,930 - 2,151)
Minnesota 1,155 (1,053 - 1,262) 35 (28 - 42) 277 (254 - 300) 843 (751 - 944) 1,120 (1,019 - 1,226)
Mississippi 459 (408 - 516) 15 (12 - 19) 108   (96 - 120) 337 (290 - 389) 444 (393 - 500)
Missouri 1,128 (1,017 - 1,246) 40 (33 - 49) 247 (223 - 273) 840 (739 - 950) 1,087   (978 - 1,205)
Montana 231 (212 - 252) 7 (6 - 9) 56 (51 - 60) 168 (150 - 188) 224 (204 - 245)
Nebraska 365 (329 - 404) 11   (9 - 13) 93   (84 - 101) 262 (229 - 297) 355 (318 - 393)
Nevada 539 (480 - 602) 17 (13 - 23) 108   (96 - 120) 413 (360 - 472) 522 (464 - 584)
New Hampshire 272 (245 - 300) 10   (8 - 12) 70 (65 - 76) 192 (167 - 219) 262 (235 - 290)
New Jersey 1,795 (1,616 - 1,987) 71 (58 - 87) 388 (352 - 426) 1,335 (1,172 - 1,514) 1,724 (1,547 - 1,914)
New Mexico 339 (302 - 380) 12   (9 - 15) 82 (74 - 91) 245 (211 - 283) 327 (290 - 368)
New York 3,891 (3,667 - 4,124) 130 (114 - 148) 910 (863 - 958) 2,850 (2,638 - 3,074) 3,761 (3,538 - 3,994)
North Carolina 1,518 (1,349 - 1,703) 49 (40 - 61) 362 (323 - 402) 1,107   (955 - 1,277) 1,469 (1,300 - 1,651)
North Dakota 169 (154 - 184) 4 (3 - 5) 49 (46 - 53) 116 (103 - 130) 165 (150 - 180)
Ohio 2,224 (2,105 - 2,348) 67 (59 - 76) 523 (500 - 546) 1,634 (1,520 - 1,755) 2,157 (2,039 - 2,281)
Oklahoma 637 (570 - 710) 20 (16 - 26) 162 (145 - 180) 455 (394 - 522) 617 (550 - 689)
Oregon 725 (651 - 805) 20 (16 - 25) 166 (150 - 182) 539 (472 - 613) 705 (632 - 784)
Pennsylvania 2,620 (2,480 - 2,766) 77 (68 - 88) 603 (572 - 634) 1,940 (1,808 - 2,079) 2,543 (2,404 - 2,688)
Rhode Island 250 (226 - 274) 7 (6 - 8) 65 (59 - 70) 178 (157 - 201) 243 (220 - 267)
South Carolina 870 (778 - 968) 22 (17 - 27) 184 (165 - 203) 664 (579 - 757) 848 (756 - 946)
South Dakota 184 (166 - 202) 6 (5 - 8) 46 (42 - 51) 131 (116 - 148) 177 (160 - 195)
Tennessee 973   (856 - 1,102) 31 (24 - 39) 222 (196 - 249) 720 (615 - 840) 942   (825 - 1,069)
Texas 4,850 (4,590 - 5,119) 151 (131 - 172) 1,136 (1,079 - 1,195) 3,563 (3,313 - 3,825) 4,699 (4,440 - 4,968)
Utah 309 (268 - 354) 14 (10 - 19) 85 (73 - 99) 210 (175 - 251) 295 (255 - 340)
Vermont 137 (124 - 150) 4 (4 - 5) 38 (35 - 41) 94   (83 - 107) 132 (120 - 145)
Virginia 1,523 (1,369 - 1,688) 46 (38 - 57) 393 (357 - 430) 1,083   (945 - 1,235) 1,476 (1,324 - 1,640)
Washington 1,318 (1,185 - 1,461) 44 (36 - 54) 317 (289 - 345) 957   (836 - 1,091) 1,274 (1,142 - 1,415)
West Virginia 319 (285 - 356) 11   (9 - 14) 75 (67 - 82) 233 (202 - 268) 308 (274 - 345)
Wisconsin 1,289 (1,164 - 1,422) 34 (28 - 42) 294 (269 - 320) 960   (845 - 1,086) 1,255 (1,130 - 1,387)
Wyoming 102   (92 - 114) 4 (3 - 5) 26 (23 - 28) 73 (64 - 83) 99   (89 - 110)
121013
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 108,820 (107,448 - 110,185) 10,007   (9,845 - 10,170) 11,669 (11,440 - 11,900) 87,145 (85,846 - 88,436) 98,814
Northeast 19,153 (18,680 - 19,626) 1,658 (1,608 - 1,708) 1,910 (1,842 - 1,979) 15,585 (15,129 - 16,043) 17,495 (17,030 - 17,961)
Midwest 21,487 (21,050 - 21,925) 2,050 (2,001 - 2,100) 2,222 (2,160 - 2,286) 17,215 (16,797 - 17,633) 19,437 (19,006 - 19,869)
South 42,105 (41,383 - 42,825) 3,881 (3,795 - 3,967) 4,646 (4,533 - 4,759) 33,578 (32,884 - 34,271) 38,224 (37,517 - 38,929)
West 26,076 (25,470 - 26,681) 2,418 (2,341 - 2,495) 2,891 (2,789 - 2,994) 20,767 (20,186 - 21,348) 23,658 (23,063 - 24,253)
Alabama 1,751 (1,635 - 1,869) 168 (155 - 181) 208 (190 - 228) 1,375 (1,267 - 1,485) 1,584 (1,471 - 1,698)
Alaska 227 (210 - 245) 23 (21 - 26) 26 (23 - 30) 177 (161 - 194) 204 (187 - 221)
Arizona 2,322 (2,147 - 2,502) 230 (209 - 252) 251 (226 - 278) 1,841 (1,677 - 2,007) 2,092 (1,923 - 2,265)
Arkansas 1,063   (987 - 1,140) 103   (95 - 112) 113 (103 - 124) 847 (775 - 919) 960   (887 - 1,034)
California 14,244 (13,739 - 14,749) 1,306 (1,241 - 1,372) 1,647 (1,559 - 1,737) 11,291 (10,811 - 11,772) 12,938 (12,444 - 13,432)
Colorado 1,558 (1,430 - 1,690) 141 (127 - 156) 155 (137 - 174) 1,262 (1,142 - 1,385) 1,417 (1,293 - 1,545)
Connecticut 1,248 (1,157 - 1,340) 108   (98 - 119) 107   (95 - 120) 1,033   (948 - 1,119) 1,140 (1,052 - 1,229)
Delaware 303 (280 - 327) 27 (25 - 30) 31 (28 - 35) 245 (224 - 267) 276 (254 - 299)
District of Columbia 216 (200 - 233) 14 (13 - 16) 27 (24 - 31) 175 (159 - 190) 202 (186 - 218)
Florida 7,552 (7,272 - 7,833) 567 (541 - 593) 762 (724 - 802) 6,223 (5,950 - 6,496) 6,986 (6,708 - 7,263)
Georgia 3,479 (3,247 - 3,715) 354 (324 - 384) 395 (358 - 433) 2,731 (2,516 - 2,949) 3,126 (2,901 - 3,354)
Hawaii 453 (418 - 488) 39 (36 - 43) 45 (40 - 50) 368 (336 - 401) 413 (380 - 447)
Idaho 475 (439 - 512) 46 (42 - 51) 54 (49 - 60) 374 (341 - 409) 429 (394 - 464)
Illinois 4,437 (4,264 - 4,612) 440 (419 - 462) 466 (440 - 493) 3,531 (3,365 - 3,699) 3,997 (3,827 - 4,168)
Indiana 2,099 (1,943 - 2,260) 207 (189 - 225) 218 (196 - 242) 1,674 (1,528 - 1,825) 1,892 (1,741 - 2,048)
Iowa 960   (885 - 1,039) 88 (80 - 97) 99   (87 - 111) 773 (702 - 846) 872 (799 - 948)
Kansas 893 (823 - 964) 85 (77 - 94) 97   (86 - 108) 710 (646 - 777) 807 (740 - 876)
Kentucky 1,523 (1,408 - 1,639) 146 (133 - 159) 169 (153 - 186) 1,207 (1,100 - 1,317) 1,377 (1,266 - 1,490)
Louisiana 1,667 (1,564 - 1,771) 166 (154 - 179) 211 (194 - 228) 1,290 (1,193 - 1,387) 1,501 (1,400 - 1,602)
Maine 430 (395 - 466) 34 (30 - 37) 37 (33 - 42) 359 (326 - 393) 397 (362 - 432)
Maryland 2,131 (1,988 - 2,277) 200 (183 - 217) 221 (199 - 243) 1,711 (1,578 - 1,846) 1,932 (1,793 - 2,072)
Massachusetts 2,254 (2,090 - 2,422) 178 (161 - 194) 222 (198 - 247) 1,855 (1,700 - 2,013) 2,076 (1,917 - 2,240)
Michigan 3,221 (3,090 - 3,353) 306 (291 - 322) 350 (331 - 370) 2,564 (2,438 - 2,692) 2,914 (2,786 - 3,044)
Minnesota 1,625 (1,501 - 1,755) 145 (131 - 159) 154 (137 - 173) 1,326 (1,209 - 1,447) 1,480 (1,359 - 1,607)
Mississippi 1,130 (1,062 - 1,199) 122 (113 - 130) 140 (129 - 152) 868 (804 - 933) 1,009   (942 - 1,076)
Missouri 1,811 (1,667 - 1,959) 175 (158 - 193) 197 (176 - 220) 1,439 (1,304 - 1,578) 1,636 (1,497 - 1,780)
Montana 300 (278 - 323) 25 (22 - 27) 27 (24 - 31) 248 (227 - 270) 275 (253 - 298)
Nebraska 548 (504 - 594) 55 (49 - 60) 56 (50 - 63) 437 (396 - 480) 493 (451 - 538)
Nevada 883 (811 - 958) 84 (75 - 94) 96   (86 - 108) 703 (636 - 772) 799 (730 - 870)
New Hampshire 439 (406 - 473) 37 (34 - 41) 38 (34 - 42) 364 (333 - 396) 402 (370 - 435)
New Jersey 3,128 (2,908 - 3,352) 275 (250 - 300) 290 (260 - 321) 2,563 (2,355 - 2,775) 2,853 (2,639 - 3,071)
New Mexico 801 (749 - 855) 70 (64 - 76) 87 (79 - 95) 645 (595 - 694) 732 (680 - 783)
New York 6,983 (6,694 - 7,275) 611 (581 - 641) 745 (704 - 788) 5,626 (5,346 - 5,909) 6,372 (6,086 - 6,661)
North Carolina 3,425 (3,197 - 3,658) 291 (265 - 317) 343 (311 - 378) 2,791 (2,575 - 3,010) 3,134 (2,912 - 3,361)
North Dakota 200 (185 - 216) 17 (15 - 19) 23 (20 - 26) 160 (146 - 175) 183 (169 - 198)
Ohio 3,766 (3,616 - 3,919) 352 (335 - 370) 360 (339 - 380) 3,054 (2,909 - 3,202) 3,414 (3,266 - 3,564)
Oklahoma 1,328 (1,236 - 1,421) 122 (111 - 133) 157 (141 - 172) 1,049   (964 - 1,135) 1,206 (1,117 - 1,296)
Oregon 1,228 (1,134 - 1,326) 102   (92 - 112) 121 (108 - 135) 1,005   (916 - 1,098) 1,127 (1,034 - 1,222)
Pennsylvania 4,122 (3,945 - 4,301) 371 (351 - 391) 414 (387 - 442) 3,336 (3,167 - 3,509) 3,751 (3,577 - 3,927)
Rhode Island 344 (315 - 373) 29 (27 - 32) 39 (34 - 43) 276 (249 - 303) 314 (287 - 342)
South Carolina 1,701 (1,588 - 1,816) 157 (144 - 170) 187 (171 - 204) 1,357 (1,249 - 1,466) 1,544 (1,434 - 1,657)
South Dakota 237 (217 - 258) 22 (19 - 24) 25 (22 - 29) 190 (172 - 209) 215 (197 - 235)
Tennessee 2,291 (2,127 - 2,459) 207 (190 - 225) 237 (214 - 261) 1,847 (1,692 - 2,004) 2,084 (1,925 - 2,247)
Texas 9,154 (8,828 - 9,481) 940 (897 - 985) 1,084 (1,029 - 1,140) 7,130 (6,814 - 7,448) 8,214 (7,894 - 8,535)
Utah 1,102 (1,035 - 1,169) 136 (125 - 147) 154 (138 - 169) 812 (751 - 873) 966   (901 - 1,031)
Vermont 205 (189 - 222) 15 (14 - 17) 18 (16 - 20) 172 (157 - 188) 190 (175 - 207)
Virginia 2,753 (2,559 - 2,950) 247 (226 - 270) 298 (269 - 329) 2,207 (2,025 - 2,393) 2,505 (2,318 - 2,696)
Washington 2,312 (2,147 - 2,481) 199 (181 - 217) 209 (188 - 232) 1,904 (1,747 - 2,064) 2,113 (1,952 - 2,278)
West Virginia 635 (590 - 681) 50 (45 - 55) 61 (55 - 67) 524 (481 - 568) 585 (541 - 630)
Wisconsin 1,690 (1,552 - 1,834) 158 (143 - 174) 178 (158 - 199) 1,355 (1,225 - 1,490) 1,532 (1,398 - 1,672)
Wyoming 170 (157 - 184) 16 (14 - 17) 18 (16 - 20) 136 (124 - 150) 154 (141 - 168)
121013
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 9,794   (9,547 - 10,045) 6,249 (6,042 - 6,462)
Northeast 1,999 (1,937 - 2,063) 1,272 (1,215 - 1,330)
Midwest 2,192 (2,134 - 2,251) 1,462 (1,412 - 1,514)
South 3,336 (3,240 - 3,434) 2,055 (1,975 - 2,136)
West 2,267 (2,180 - 2,356) 1,461 (1,386 - 1,539)
Alabama 123 (109 - 137) 74 (64 - 85)
Alaska 22 (20 - 24) 15 (14 - 17)
Arizona 185 (164 - 207) 116 (101 - 133)
Arkansas 78 (70 - 86) 49 (42 - 56)
California 1,250 (1,177 - 1,326) 808 (748 - 873)
Colorado 155 (140 - 170) 91   (80 - 103)
Connecticut 139 (127 - 151) 92   (82 - 103)
Delaware 31 (28 - 34) 20 (18 - 23)
District of Columbia 21 (19 - 23) 13 (11 - 15)
Florida 529 (499 - 560) 317 (293 - 343)
Georgia 256 (228 - 286) 151 (131 - 173)
Hawaii 36 (32 - 40) 24 (21 - 27)
Idaho 46 (41 - 51) 30 (26 - 34)
Illinois 433 (411 - 455) 290 (271 - 311)
Indiana 203 (183 - 225) 136 (120 - 153)
Iowa 108   (98 - 118) 80 (71 - 89)
Kansas 87 (79 - 97) 60 (53 - 67)
Kentucky 112 (100 - 125) 76 (67 - 86)
Louisiana 147 (134 - 161) 83 (74 - 94)
Maine 39   (35 - 43) 26 (23 - 29)
Maryland 167 (151 - 184) 97   (85 - 110)
Massachusetts 233 (214 - 253) 151 (135 - 169)
Michigan 326 (309 - 343) 217 (203 - 232)
Minnesota 164 (149 - 180) 116 (103 - 130)
Mississippi 81 (73 - 91) 46 (39 - 53)
Missouri 182 (164 - 201) 109   (96 - 125)
Montana 35 (32 - 39) 23 (21 - 26)
Nebraska 58 (52 - 64) 40 (35 - 45)
Nevada 92   (82 - 103) 62 (54 - 71)
New Hampshire 57 (53 - 62) 37 (33 - 41)
New Jersey 322 (293 - 353) 217 (193 - 244)
New Mexico 59 (53 - 66) 37 (32 - 42)
New York 703 (667 - 741) 430 (399 - 463)
North Carolina 277 (249 - 307) 158 (138 - 180)
North Dakota 26 (24 - 28) 19 (17 - 21)
Ohio 390 (371 - 410) 255 (238 - 272)
Oklahoma 105   (93 - 117) 61 (52 - 71)
Oregon 116 (106 - 127) 67 (58 - 76)
Pennsylvania 442 (418 - 467) 277 (256 - 300)
Rhode Island 40 (36 - 43) 26 (23 - 29)
South Carolina 122 (110 - 136) 74 (64 - 84)
South Dakota 26 (24 - 29) 18 (16 - 20)
Tennessee 164 (146 - 184) 106   (93 - 122)
Texas 802 (757 - 850) 514 (477 - 553)
Utah 57 (48 - 66) 44 (36 - 52)
Vermont 24 (22 - 26) 16 (14 - 18)
Virginia 267 (243 - 293) 179 (159 - 200)
Washington 196 (177 - 217) 131 (116 - 148)
West Virginia 55 (50 - 61) 38 (33 - 42)
Wisconsin 189 (172 - 208) 123 (109 - 138)
Wyoming 18 (16 - 20) 13 (11 - 15)
121013
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 68,933   (67,728 - 70,174) 2,551 (2,456 - 2,650) 13,732 (13,489 - 13,979) 52,649 (51,508 - 53,828) 66,382 (65,193 - 67,607)
Northeast 12,104 (11,657 - 12,565) 442 (413 - 473) 2,413 (2,342 - 2,486) 9,249 (8,816 - 9,695) 11,662 (11,222 - 12,117)
Midwest 16,405 (15,932 - 16,883) 616 (585 - 648) 3,319 (3,246 - 3,393) 12,470 (12,012 - 12,936) 15,789 (15,323 - 16,258)
South 26,743 (25,990 - 27,529) 957   (908 - 1,010) 5,073 (4,958 - 5,190) 20,713 (19,983 - 21,475) 25,786 (25,046 - 26,556)
West 13,680 (13,104 - 14,276) 536 (494 - 581) 2,927 (2,824 - 3,032) 10,217   (9,669 - 10,793) 13,144 (12,581 - 13,728)
Alabama 1,278 (1,168 - 1,392) 43 (36 - 51) 237 (218 - 257) 997   (895 - 1,105) 1,235 (1,126 - 1,347)
Alaska 185 (168 - 203) 7 (6 - 9) 38 (35 - 41) 139 (123 - 157) 178 (161 - 196)
Arizona 1,433 (1,277 - 1,600) 58 (47 - 71) 261 (235 - 288) 1,114   (971 - 1,270) 1,375 (1,222 - 1,538)
Arkansas 781 (712 - 853) 29 (24 - 34) 140 (129 - 151) 612 (549 - 680) 752 (685 - 822)
California 6,130 (5,710 - 6,569) 236 (204 - 272) 1,406 (1,320 - 1,495) 4,488 (4,093 - 4,911) 5,894 (5,482 - 6,328)
Colorado 1,144 (1,031 - 1,265) 47 (38 - 57) 243 (222 - 264) 855 (751 - 967) 1,098   (986 - 1,217)
Connecticut 761 (680 - 848) 29 (24 - 35) 156 (142 - 171) 575 (501 - 657) 732 (653 - 817)
Delaware 217 (197 - 238) 8 (6 - 9) 40 (36 - 44) 170 (151 - 190) 209 (190 - 230)
District of Columbia 140 (126 - 156) 2 (2 - 3) 31 (28 - 35) 107   (93 - 121) 138 (123 - 153)
Florida 4,122 (3,886 - 4,370) 118 (104 - 133) 696 (658 - 734) 3,309 (3,080 - 3,549) 4,005 (3,770 - 4,250)
Georgia 2,066 (1,861 - 2,285) 95   (78 - 115) 409 (370 - 450) 1,562 (1,374 - 1,766) 1,971 (1,770 - 2,187)
Hawaii 254 (225 - 285) 9   (7 - 11) 47 (42 - 52) 198 (171 - 228) 245 (217 - 276)
Idaho 346 (311 - 383) 15 (13 - 18) 67 (61 - 74) 263 (231 - 297) 330 (296 - 367)
Illinois 2,861 (2,705 - 3,022) 101   (90 - 114) 604 (576 - 632) 2,156 (2,008 - 2,310) 2,759 (2,606 - 2,919)
Indiana 1,594 (1,449 - 1,746) 57 (47 - 68) 319 (293 - 347) 1,218 (1,084 - 1,361) 1,537 (1,394 - 1,687)
Iowa 726 (659 - 797) 30 (25 - 36) 158 (145 - 172) 538 (476 - 604) 696 (630 - 765)
Kansas 713 (649 - 779) 29 (24 - 35) 153 (140 - 166) 531 (473 - 594) 684 (621 - 749)
Kentucky 1,339 (1,231 - 1,453) 50 (42 - 59) 232 (214 - 250) 1,057 (955 - 1,163) 1,289 (1,181 - 1,401)
Louisiana 1,134 (1,041 - 1,231) 40 (34 - 47) 214 (197 - 231) 881 (793 - 973) 1,094 (1,002 - 1,190)
Maine 330 (299 - 363) 11   (9 - 13) 59 (54 - 64) 259 (230 - 291) 319 (288 - 351)
Maryland 1,114   (993 - 1,244) 35 (28 - 43) 222 (200 - 245) 857 (745 - 979) 1,079   (960 - 1,208)
Massachusetts 1,285 (1,146 - 1,435) 54 (45 - 65) 295 (268 - 324) 935   (808 - 1,076) 1,230 (1,094 - 1,378)
Michigan 2,537 (2,409 - 2,669) 91   (82 - 101) 505 (484 - 526) 1,941 (1,819 - 2,068) 2,446 (2,320 - 2,576)
Minnesota 1,158 (1,046 - 1,275) 43 (36 - 52) 264 (244 - 285) 850 (747 - 961) 1,114 (1,004 - 1,230)
Mississippi 825 (758 - 894) 32 (27 - 38) 158 (146 - 170) 635 (573 - 700) 792 (727 - 861)
Missouri 1,674 (1,532 - 1,823) 72 (61 - 84) 308 (284 - 332) 1,295 (1,162 - 1,435) 1,602 (1,462 - 1,749)
Montana 264 (242 - 288) 12 (10 - 14) 54 (50 - 58) 198 (177 - 221) 252 (230 - 276)
Nebraska 423 (382 - 466) 17 (14 - 20) 89 (81 - 97) 317 (280 - 358) 406 (366 - 449)
Nevada 581 (515 - 652) 18 (14 - 24) 103   (93 - 115) 459 (397 - 525) 562 (497 - 632)
New Hampshire 308 (277 - 342) 14 (12 - 17) 65 (60 - 71) 229 (200 - 260) 294 (264 - 327)
New Jersey 1,922 (1,726 - 2,133) 72 (59 - 89) 360 (327 - 393) 1,490 (1,306 - 1,691) 1,850 (1,656 - 2,058)
New Mexico 434 (389 - 481) 20 (16 - 24) 96   (88 - 105) 317 (276 - 362) 414 (370 - 461)
New York 3,930 (3,688 - 4,184) 130 (114 - 148) 782 (738 - 827) 3,018 (2,786 - 3,263) 3,800 (3,560 - 4,052)
North Carolina 2,231 (2,021 - 2,452) 84   (69 - 101) 432 (394 - 471) 1,715 (1,524 - 1,920) 2,147 (1,940 - 2,364)
North Dakota 160 (145 - 175) 6 (5 - 7) 41 (38 - 44) 113 (100 - 127) 154 (139 - 169)
Ohio 3,067 (2,920 - 3,218) 118 (106 - 130) 564 (541 - 587) 2,385 (2,244 - 2,532) 2,949 (2,804 - 3,098)
Oklahoma 1,072   (978 - 1,170) 43 (36 - 51) 205 (188 - 222) 824 (737 - 915) 1,029   (937 - 1,125)
Oregon 868 (787 - 956) 29 (24 - 35) 170 (155 - 185) 670 (593 - 752) 839 (759 - 926)
Pennsylvania 3,165 (3,000 - 3,337) 116 (104 - 130) 606 (575 - 637) 2,443 (2,284 - 2,609) 3,049 (2,885 - 3,218)
Rhode Island 251 (227 - 277) 8 (7 - 10) 57 (52 - 61) 186 (164 - 210) 243 (219 - 268)
South Carolina 1,198 (1,086 - 1,316) 44 (37 - 52) 217 (199 - 235) 938   (833 - 1,049) 1,154 (1,044 - 1,270)
South Dakota 211 (191 - 230) 9   (8 - 11) 44 (40 - 48) 158 (141 - 176) 201 (183 - 221)
Tennessee 1,847 (1,689 - 2,013) 65 (55 - 77) 321 (296 - 347) 1,461 (1,313 - 1,615) 1,782 (1,625 - 1,944)
Texas 5,148 (4,854 - 5,452) 193 (171 - 218) 1,078 (1,024 - 1,133)  3,877 (3,601 - 4,167) 4,955 (4,665 - 5,255)
Utah 344 (297 - 396) 18 (14 - 24) 89 (77 - 103) 237 (196 - 285) 326 (280 - 377)
Vermont 151 (137 - 167) 6 (5 - 8) 33 (31 - 36) 112   (98 - 126) 145 (131 - 160)
Virginia 1,632 (1,470 - 1,806) 55 (45 - 67) 346 (315 - 378) 1,231 (1,084 - 1,392) 1,577 (1,418 - 1,748)
Washington 1,552 (1,400 - 1,713) 60 (50 - 73) 322 (295 - 349) 1,170 (1,031 - 1,320) 1,491 (1,343 - 1,650)
West Virginia 599 (553 - 647) 22 (19 - 26) 95   (89 - 102) 482 (437 - 528) 577 (531 - 624)
Wisconsin 1,283 (1,151 - 1,423) 43 (36 - 53) 272 (247 - 296) 968   (847 - 1,099) 1,239 (1,109 - 1,377)
Wyoming 146 (133 - 159) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (28 - 33) 110   (98 - 122) 140 (127 - 153)
121013
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 57,569 (56,464 - 58,706) 1,990 (1,905 - 2,077) 11,594 (11,359 - 11,833) 43,985 (42,947 - 45,057) 55,579 (54,488 - 56,703)
Northeast 10,278   (9,863 - 10,708) 347 (321 - 374) 2,054 (1,976 - 2,133) 7,877 (7,462 - 8,309) 9,931   (9,520 - 10,358)
Midwest 13,587 (13,156 - 14,023) 476 (449 - 505) 2,801 (2,724 - 2,879) 10,309   (9,878 - 10,749) 13,110 (12,684 - 13,540) 
South 22,255 (21,550 - 22,990) 745 (703 - 790) 4,249 (4,124 - 4,376) 17,261 (16,553 - 18,001) 21,509 (20,814 - 22,234)
West 11,450 (10,929 - 11,991) 421 (383 - 463) 2,491 (2,388 - 2,596) 8,538 (8,024 - 9,082) 11,029 (10,512 - 11,566)
Alabama 1,059    (957 - 1,167) 34 (27 - 41) 194 (176 - 214) 831 (735 - 934) 1,025   (924 - 1,132)
Alaska 156 (139 - 174) 5 (4 - 6) 33 (29 - 36) 119 (103 - 135) 151 (134 - 169)
Arizona 1,235 (1,086 - 1,399) 47 (37 - 59) 225 (200 - 252) 963   (824 - 1,118) 1,188 (1,040 - 1,350)
Arkansas 649 (582 - 721) 22 (18 - 27) 116 (105 - 128) 511 (447 - 580) 627 (560 - 699)
California 5,165 (4,783 - 5,567) 196 (167 - 229) 1,194 (1,113 - 1,278) 3,775 (3,409 - 4,173) 4,969 (4,590 - 5,371)
Colorado 927   (823 - 1,041) 33 (27 - 42) 201 (180 - 222) 693 (597 - 801) 894   (791 - 1,006)
Connecticut 642 (569 - 722) 23 (18 - 29) 135 (121 - 149) 485 (417 - 560) 619 (547 - 698)
Delaware 182 (163 - 203) 6 (4 - 7) 34 (31 - 38) 142 (124 - 162) 177 (157 - 198)
District of Columbia 122 (109 - 137) 2 (2 - 3) 26 (23 - 29) 95   (82 - 109) 120 (107 - 135)
Florida 3,488 (3,259 - 3,733) 94   (81 - 107) 587 (550 - 626) 2,808 (2,582 - 3,047) 3,395 (3,166 - 3,638)
Georgia 1,656 (1,461 - 1,870) 77 (62 - 96) 334 (297 - 374) 1,245 (1,066 - 1,445) 1,579 (1,386 - 1,791)
Hawaii 218 (192 - 247) 6 (5 - 8) 42 (37 - 47) 169 (145 - 197) 211 (185 - 240)
Idaho 286 (253 - 321) 12   (9 - 14) 57 (51 - 64) 217 (187 - 251) 274 (242 - 309)
Illinois 2,366 (2,217 - 2,521) 77 (67 - 88) 519 (489 - 549) 1,770 (1,628 - 1,921) 2,289 (2,142 - 2,443)
Indiana 1,349 (1,215 - 1,493) 43 (35 - 53) 273 (247 - 300) 1,033    (907 - 1,171) 1,306 (1,172 - 1,449)
Iowa 602 (540 - 668) 26 (21 - 31) 133 (121 - 147) 443 (386 - 505) 576 (515 - 641)
Kansas 553 (495 - 616) 22 (18 - 27) 122 (110 - 135) 409 (356 - 467) 531 (473 - 593)
Kentucky 1,124 (1,018 - 1,238) 39 (32 - 47) 195 (177 - 213) 890 (790 - 997) 1,085   (979 - 1,196)
Louisiana 996   (905 - 1,093) 33 (28 - 40) 186 (169 - 204) 777 (690 - 870) 963   (872 - 1,059)
Maine 284 (254 - 317) 8   (7 - 11) 51 (46 - 56) 224 (196 - 256) 276 (246 - 308)
Maryland 930   (821 - 1,049) 27 (21 - 34) 186 (164 - 210) 717 (616 - 830) 903   (795 - 1,022)
Massachusetts 1,069   (944 - 1,206) 40 (33 - 49) 250 (223 - 278) 779 (664 - 909) 1,029   (905 - 1,165)
Michigan 2,177 (2,057 - 2,300) 69 (60 - 78) 434 (413 - 455) 1,674 (1,558 - 1,796) 2,108 (1,989 - 2,232)
Minnesota 975   (870 - 1,087) 36 (29 - 45) 230 (209 - 252) 708 (613 - 814) 939   (835 - 1,049)
Mississippi 645 (583 - 710) 23 (19 - 28) 131 (119 - 143) 491 (433 - 553) 622 (560 - 687)
Missouri 1,340 (1,212 - 1,475) 55 (45 - 67) 251 (227 - 276) 1,033   (913 - 1,163) 1,285 (1,158 - 1,420)
Montana 202 (182 - 224) 9   (7 - 10) 42 (38 - 46) 152 (133 - 172) 194 (174 - 215)
Nebraska 346 (309 - 385) 13 (10 - 16) 78 (71 - 86) 254 (220 - 292) 333 (296 - 372)
Nevada 499 (439 - 565) 15 (12 - 19) 89   (79 - 100) 395 (339 - 458) 484 (425 - 550)
New Hampshire 250 (222 - 280) 11   (9 - 14) 54 (49 - 59) 185 (159 - 214) 239 (211 - 269)
New Jersey 1,675 (1,482 - 1,886) 59 (47 - 73) 307 (274 - 341) 1,309 (1,126 - 1,513) 1,616 (1,424 - 1,826)
New Mexico 353 (311 - 398) 15 (12 - 19) 81 (72 - 89) 257 (219 - 300) 338 (296 - 383)
New York 3,424 (3,204 - 3,655) 102   (88 - 117) 670 (627 - 715) 2,652 (2,438 - 2,880) 3,322 (3,104 - 3,552)
North Carolina 1,918 (1,713 - 2,140) 65 (53 - 80) 374 (336 - 414) 1,479 (1,290 - 1,686) 1,853 (1,649 - 2,072)
North Dakota 126 (112 - 140) 5 (4 - 6) 34 (30 - 37) 87   (75 - 101) 121 (107 - 135)
Ohio 2,549 (2,411 - 2,693) 89   (79 - 100) 466 (443 - 490) 1,994 (1,858 - 2,136) 2,460 (2,323 - 2,604)
Oklahoma 879 (790 - 974) 30 (24 - 37) 174 (158 - 190) 675 (592 - 765) 849 (760 - 943)
Oregon 723 (643 - 810) 22 (17 - 27) 149 (134 - 165) 552 (478 - 635) 701 (622 - 788)
Pennsylvania 2,595 (2,443 - 2,755) 92   (81 - 104) 512 (481 - 543) 1,991 (1,844 - 2,147) 2,503 (2,352 - 2,662)
Rhode Island 216 (193 - 240) 7 (5 - 8) 47 (42 - 52) 163 (141 - 186) 209 (187 - 234)
South Carolina 1,028   (923 - 1,141) 34 (28 - 42) 186 (169 - 204) 808 (709 - 915) 994   (890 - 1,105)
South Dakota 164 (146 - 183) 6 (5 - 8) 36 (32 - 39) 122 (106 - 140) 158 (140 - 176)
Tennessee 1,457 (1,304 - 1,621) 46 (37 - 56) 255 (230 - 281) 1,156 (1,013 - 1,311) 1,411 (1,258 - 1,573)
Texas 4,329 (4,051 - 4,617) 156 (135 - 179) 913 (860 - 968) 3,260 (2,995 - 3,542) 4,173 (3,898 - 4,460)
Utah 299 (255 - 346) 13 (10 - 18) 84 (72 - 98) 201 (164 - 245) 285 (243 - 332)
Vermont 122 (110 - 136) 5 (4 - 6) 28 (26 - 31) 89   (78 - 103) 118 (105 - 132)
Virginia 1,317 (1,167 - 1,481) 42 (34 - 52) 277 (247 - 309) 997   (860 - 1,151) 1,274 (1,126 - 1,437)
Washington 1,278 (1,141 - 1,427) 45 (36 - 55) 270 (244 - 297) 964   (837 - 1,104) 1,234 (1,097 - 1,381)
West Virginia 474 (431 - 521) 15 (13 - 19) 80 (73 - 86) 379 (337 - 424) 459 (415 - 505)
Wisconsin 1,041   (923 - 1,168) 36 (29 - 45) 224 (201 - 248) 781 (672 - 901) 1,005   (888 - 1,131)
Wyoming 109   (97 - 122) 5 (4 - 6) 25 (22 - 27) 80 (69 - 92) 105   (93 - 118)
121013
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 182,378 (181,203 - 183,516) 16,213 (16,064 - 16,360) 22,466 (22,252 - 22,677) 143,700 (142,554 - 144,805) 166,166 (165,002 - 167,291)
Northeast 34,424 (34,002 - 34,834) 2,873 (2,824 - 2,920) 4,065 (3,989 - 4,140) 27,486 (27,089 - 27,870) 31,551 (31,138 - 31,953)
Midwest 37,539 (37,083 - 37,989) 3,474 (3,423 - 3,525) 4,578 (4,497 - 4,659) 29,486 (29,059 - 29,906) 34,064 (33,616 - 34,507)
South 66,684 (65,996 - 67,349) 5,904 (5,824 - 5,983) 8,191 (8,060 - 8,319) 52,590 (51,952 - 53,201) 60,780 (60,105 - 61,431)
West 43,732 (43,151 - 44,292) 3,962 (3,887 - 4,035) 5,632 (5,520 - 5,741) 34,138 (33,594 - 34,659) 39,770 (39,198 - 40,320)
Alabama 2,649 (2,535 - 2,758) 231 (218 - 243) 333 (315 - 351) 2,085 (1,977 - 2,187) 2,418 (2,306 - 2,525)
Alaska 373 (355 - 390) 39 (36 - 41) 51 (48 - 54) 284 (267 - 299) 334 (317 - 351)
Arizona 3,741 (3,571 - 3,901) 353 (333 - 373) 467 (440 - 492) 2,921 (2,759 - 3,070) 3,388 (3,220 - 3,545)
Arkansas 1,688 (1,619 - 1,753) 148 (140 - 156) 195 (184 - 205) 1,345 (1,279 - 1,406) 1,540 (1,471 - 1,604)
California 23,560 (23,096 - 24,002) 2,121 (2,058 - 2,182) 3,135 (3,047 - 3,220) 18,303 (17,862 - 18,717) 21,439 (20,980 - 21,872)
Colorado 2,981 (2,862 - 3,094) 257 (242 - 270) 365 (346 - 383) 2,359 (2,246 - 2,464) 2,725 (2,607 - 2,834)
Connecticut 2,213 (2,132 - 2,290) 194 (184 - 204) 248 (235 - 261) 1,771 (1,694 - 1,841) 2,019 (1,939 - 2,093)
Delaware 556 (536 - 575) 45 (42 - 47) 66 (62 - 69) 445 (427 - 462) 511 (492 - 529)
District of Columbia 397 (383 - 411) 21 (20 - 22) 64 (61 - 67) 313 (299 - 325) 377 (362 - 390)
Florida 12,032 (11,796 - 12,258)  921 (895 - 945) 1,332 (1,293 - 1,370) 9,779 (9,550 - 9,996) 11,111 (10,877 - 11,336)
Georgia 5,528 (5,300 - 5,744) 522 (492 - 550) 711 (674 - 746) 4,296 (4,085 - 4,493) 5,006 (4,784 - 5,216)
Hawaii 756 (723 - 787) 61 (57 - 65) 88 (83 - 93) 606 (575 - 636) 695 (662 - 726)
Idaho 856 (818 - 892) 91 (86 - 95) 110 (103 - 116) 655 (620 - 688) 765 (728 - 800)
Illinois 7,501 (7,333 - 7,664) 692 (671 - 713) 910 (881 - 938) 5,899 (5,739 - 6,052) 6,809 (6,644 - 6,968)
Indiana 3,597 (3,431 - 3,754) 349 (330 - 367) 449 (424 - 473) 2,799 (2,641 - 2,947) 3,248 (3,085 - 3,402)
Iowa 1,700 (1,629 - 1,770) 149 (141 - 157) 218 (206 - 230) 1,333 (1,265 - 1,397) 1,551 (1,481 - 1,619)
Kansas 1,502 (1,433 - 1,569) 139 (130 - 147) 199 (187 - 211) 1,164 (1,099 - 1,226) 1,363 (1,296 - 1,428)
Kentucky 2,267 (2,155 - 2,375) 215 (202 - 227) 272 (255 - 288) 1,780 (1,674 - 1,882) 2,052 (1,942 - 2,159)
Louisiana 2,638 (2,542 - 2,730) 235 (223 - 246) 347 (330 - 363) 2,057 (1,965 - 2,141) 2,404 (2,308 - 2,493)
Maine 781 (748 - 813) 63 (59 - 66) 79 (74 - 83) 640 (607 - 670) 718 (685 - 750)
Maryland 3,575 (3,445 - 3,697) 301 (285 - 316) 428 (406 - 448) 2,847 (2,724 - 2,959) 3,275 (3,146 - 3,393)
Massachusetts 4,221 (4,068 - 4,362) 328 (312 - 343) 520 (495 - 544) 3,373 (3,228 - 3,504) 3,893 (3,742 - 4,032)
Michigan 5,659 (5,527 - 5,787) 532 (516 - 547) 690 (669 - 711) 4,437 (4,311 - 4,559) 5,127 (4,997 - 5,253)
Minnesota 2,988 (2,859 - 3,111) 282 (267 - 296) 347 (324 - 368) 2,359 (2,238 - 2,473) 2,706 (2,579 - 2,827)
Mississippi 1,648 (1,584 - 1,710) 154 (146 - 163) 220 (209 - 230) 1,274 (1,212 - 1,331) 1,494 (1,430 - 1,554)
Missouri 3,226 (3,078 - 3,368) 286 (269 - 302) 396 (373 - 418) 2,544 (2,404 - 2,677) 2,940 (2,794 - 3,079)
Montana 563 (541 - 584) 47 (45 - 50) 70 (66 - 73) 445 (425 - 465) 515 (493 - 536)
Nebraska 1,017   (974 - 1,059) 91 (86 - 96) 134 (127 - 141) 792 (751 - 830) 926 (884 - 967)
Nevada 1,548 (1,478 - 1,613) 143 (134 - 151) 182 (171 - 192) 1,223 (1,159 - 1,283) 1,405 (1,338 - 1,469)
New Hampshire 803 (771 - 833) 66 (62 - 69) 91 (86 - 95) 646 (616 - 674) 737 (706 - 766)
New Jersey 5,519 (5,316 - 5,708) 494 (470 - 517) 596 (564 - 626) 4,429 (4,234 - 4,605) 5,025 (4,824 - 5,210)
New Mexico 1,207 (1,158 - 1,253) 108 (102 - 113) 149 (141 - 157) 950 (904 - 992) 1,099 (1,051 - 1,144)
New York 12,597 (12,349 - 12,833) 1,037 (1,007 - 1,065) 1,552 (1,508 - 1,594) 10,008   (9,771 - 10,231) 11,560 (11,316 - 11,792)
North Carolina 5,353 (5,139 - 5,557) 495 (470 - 519) 632 (596 - 667) 4,225 (4,021 - 4,416) 4,857 (4,647 - 5,058)
North Dakota 378 (362 - 393) 32 (30 - 34) 57 (54 - 61) 289 (274 - 303) 346 (330 - 361)
Ohio 6,242 (6,082 - 6,398) 589 (570 - 607) 735 (712 - 757) 4,919 (4,764 - 5,068) 5,653 (5,496 - 5,807)
Oklahoma 2,049 (1,960 - 2,133) 177 (165 - 188) 261 (246 - 277) 1,611 (1,527 - 1,689) 1,872 (1,785 - 1,954)
Oregon 2,245 (2,151 - 2,333) 191 (181 - 200) 260 (246 - 274) 1,793 (1,704 - 1,876) 2,054 (1,961 - 2,141)
Pennsylvania 7,250 (7,081 - 7,414) 609 (589 - 628) 843 (813 - 873) 5,798 (5,635 - 5,955) 6,641 (6,474 - 6,803)
Rhode Island 658 (633 - 682) 53 (50 - 56) 90 (86 - 94) 516 (491 - 538) 606 (581 - 629)
South Carolina 2,605 (2,496 - 2,710) 218 (206 - 231) 315 (298 - 331) 2,072 (1,968 - 2,170) 2,387 (2,279 - 2,489)
South Dakota 449 (428 - 469) 41 (39 - 43) 57 (54 - 61) 350 (331 - 368) 407 (387 - 427)
Tennessee 3,471 (3,310 - 3,626) 310 (294 - 326) 400 (376 - 422) 2,760 (2,607 - 2,906) 3,160 (3,001 - 3,313)
Texas 14,446 (14,141 - 14,741) 1,416 (1,373 - 1,457) 1,905 (1,848 - 1,961) 11,125 (10,836 - 11,402) 13,030 (12,730 - 13,319)
Utah 1,605 (1,548 - 1,658) 193 (184 - 201) 250 (237 - 263) 1,161 (1,109 - 1,209) 1,412 (1,356 - 1,463)
Vermont 382 (366 - 397) 29 (27 - 31) 48 (45 - 50) 305 (291 - 319) 353 (337 - 367)
Virginia 4,723 (4,531 - 4,904) 413 (393 - 432) 597 (567 - 625) 3,714 (3,531 - 3,882) 4,310 (4,121 - 4,487)
Washington 3,982 (3,820 - 4,135) 331 (313 - 349) 464 (438 - 488) 3,187 (3,032 - 3,330) 3,650 (3,490 - 3,801)
West Virginia 1,059 (1,014 - 1,102) 83 (78 - 87) 114 (107 - 121) 862 (819 - 902) 976   (932 - 1,018)
Wisconsin 3,280 (3,142 - 3,412) 293 (277 - 308) 386 (363 - 408) 2,601 (2,470 - 2,724) 2,987 (2,851 - 3,117)
Wyoming 318 (305 - 330) 28 (26 - 29) 41 (38 - 43) 250 (237 - 261) 290 (277 - 302)
121013
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,320 (16,767 - 17,888) 1,028    (965 - 1,096) 5,139 (4,973 - 5,310) 11,152 (10,631 - 11,697) 16,291 (15,744 - 16,856)
Northeast 3,268 (3,066 - 3,485) 180 (163 - 199) 957   (902 - 1,015) 2,131 (1,945 - 2,332) 3,088 (2,889 - 3,302)
Midwest 3,897 (3,696 - 4,107) 217 (200 - 235) 1,177 (1,120 - 1,236) 2,503 (2,317 - 2,704) 3,680 (3,481 - 3,888)
South 5,692 (5,391 - 6,007) 342 (315 - 372) 1,689 (1,601 - 1,780) 3,661 (3,379 - 3,964) 5,349 (5,052 - 5,662)
West 4,463 (4,164 - 4,780) 289 (258 - 323) 1,316 (1,236 - 1,401) 2,858 (2,588 - 3,155) 4,174 (3,880 - 4,488)
Alabama 212 (172 - 261) 14 (10 - 18) 65 (54 - 78) 133 (100 - 178) 198 (159 - 247)
Alaska 44 (36 - 54) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 29 (22 - 37) 42 (34 - 51)
Arizona 436 (355 - 534) 25 (19 - 33) 114   (96 - 135) 297 (227 - 388) 411 (331 - 507)
Arkansas 127 (101 - 159) 9   (7 - 12) 36 (30 - 44) 81   (59 - 111) 117   (92 - 149)
California 2,275 (2,042 - 2,532) 164 (138 - 194) 694 (629 - 764) 1,418 (1,211 - 1,657) 2,112 (1,882 - 2,367)
Colorado 356 (296 - 426) 18 (14 - 24) 107   (92 - 123) 231 (179 - 296) 338 (280 - 407)
Connecticut 218 (178 - 265) 12   (9 - 16) 64 (55 - 75) 141 (107 - 185) 206 (167 - 252)
Delaware 46 (37 - 57) 3 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 16) 30 (22 - 39) 44 (35 - 54)
District of Columbia 57 (47 - 68) 1 (1 - 2) 16 (14 - 19) 39 (31 - 49) 56 (46 - 66)
Florida 936   (828 - 1,059) 52 (44 - 62) 254 (228 - 283) 630 (532 - 744) 884   (777 - 1,006)
Georgia 446 (359 - 552) 32 (24 - 41) 137 (114 - 163) 278 (205 - 374) 414 (330 - 519)
Hawaii 85   (69 - 105) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (20 - 27) 58 (44 - 76) 81   (65 - 100)
Idaho 94   (77 - 114) 6 (5 - 8) 27 (23 - 32) 60 (46 - 79) 88   (71 - 108)
Illinois 734 (657 - 818) 41 (35 - 49) 235 (215 - 257) 457 (389 - 537) 692 (617 - 776)
Indiana 370 (300 - 454) 20 (15 - 26) 114   (96 - 135) 235 (177 - 312) 350 (282 - 433)
Iowa 196 (163 - 234) 10   (8 - 13) 66 (56 - 77) 120   (93 - 155) 186 (154 - 224)
Kansas 166 (137 - 201) 10   (8 - 13) 53 (44 - 62) 103   (79 - 134) 155 (127 - 190)
Kentucky 172 (136 - 216) 12   (9 - 16) 52 (42 - 63) 108   (78 - 148) 159 (125 - 203)
Louisiana 233 (192 - 281) 12   (9 - 15) 71 (61 - 83) 150 (115 - 195) 221 (181 - 269)
Maine 61 (49 - 76) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (16 - 23) 38 (28 - 52) 57 (46 - 72)
Maryland 246 (196 - 308) 14 (10 - 18) 78 (65 - 95) 154 (112 - 211) 232 (184 - 294)
Massachusetts 471 (393 - 563) 24 (19 - 31) 145 (125 - 168) 301 (234 - 386) 447 (370 - 538)
Michigan 593 (531 - 663) 33 (28 - 38) 164 (149 - 179) 397 (339 - 464) 561 (499 - 630)
Minnesota 339 (281 - 408) 18 (14 - 23) 104   (89 - 121) 218 (168 - 281) 322 (264 - 390)
Mississippi 133 (108 - 164) 9   (7 - 12) 40 (33 - 48) 85   (63 - 113) 125 (100 - 155)
Missouri 276 (222 - 341) 20 (15 - 26) 89   (75 - 106) 166 (121 - 227) 256 (203 - 321)
Montana 70 (59 - 83) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (18 - 25) 45 (35 - 57) 66 (55 - 79)
Nebraska 94   (77 - 115) 5 (4 - 7) 33 (28 - 38) 56 (42 - 75) 89   (72 - 109)
Nevada 197 (161 - 240) 10   (7 - 13) 48 (41 - 56) 139 (106 - 180) 187 (151 - 230)
New Hampshire 76 (62 - 93) 5 (4 - 6) 24 (21 - 28) 47 (35 - 63) 71 (57 - 88)
New Jersey 476 (389 - 582) 29 (23 - 38) 129 (108 - 153) 318 (243 - 413) 447 (361 - 551)
New Mexico 117   (96 - 142) 8   (6 - 10) 36 (30 - 42) 73 (56 - 96) 109   (89 - 134)
New York 1,091 (970 - 1,227) 61 (51 - 72) 320 (288 - 355) 710 (601 - 837) 1,030   (911 - 1,164)
North Carolina 431 (347 - 534) 30 (23 - 38) 131 (109 - 158) 271 (201 - 364) 402 (319 - 503)
North Dakota 49 (41 - 57) 2 (2 - 3) 19 (17 - 22) 28 (21 - 35) 47 (39 - 55)
Ohio 696 (623 - 778) 37 (31 - 43) 188 (172 - 206) 472 (404 - 549) 660 (587 - 741)
Oklahoma 218 (177 - 267) 11   (9 - 15) 59 (49 - 71) 147 (112 - 192) 206 (166 - 255)
Oregon 252 (207 - 306) 12   (9 - 15) 65 (55 - 77) 175 (135 - 225) 240 (196 - 294)
Pennsylvania 755 (676 - 843) 40 (34 - 47) 217 (195 - 240) 499 (427 - 582) 715 (637 - 803)
Rhode Island 82 (68 - 98) 3 (3 - 4) 25 (21 - 29) 53 (41 - 68) 78 (65 - 94)
South Carolina 249 (203 - 304) 14 (11 - 18) 65 (54 - 77) 170 (130 - 221) 235 (190 - 289)
South Dakota 59 (49 - 71) 4 (3 - 5) 17 (14 - 20) 39 (31 - 49) 56 (46 - 67)
Tennessee 323 (263 - 395) 18 (14 - 24) 91   (76 - 108) 214 (163 - 279) 304 (245 - 376)
Texas 1,328 (1,184 - 1,487) 82 (68 - 97) 408 (368 - 450) 838 (710 - 988) 1,246 (1,105 - 1,404)
Utah 100   (79 - 126) 10   (7 - 13) 38 (30 - 47) 53 (37 - 75) 91   (70 - 116)
Vermont 39 (32 - 47) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 16) 23 (17 - 31) 37 (30 - 45)
Virginia 454 (375 - 548) 26 (20 - 33) 144 (123 - 167) 284 (218 - 369) 428 (351 - 521)
Washington 403 (333 - 486) 23 (18 - 30) 120 (103 - 139) 260 (200 - 336) 380 (311 - 462)
West Virginia 83   (67 - 102) 5 (4 - 7) 28 (24 - 33) 50 (37 - 68) 78 (62 - 97)
Wisconsin 324 (263 - 398) 16 (12 - 22) 95   (79 - 114) 212 (161 - 280) 308 (248 - 381)
Wyoming 33 (28 - 40) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (9 - 12) 21 (16 - 27) 31 (26 - 38)
121013
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,049 (7,662 - 8,453) 383 (347 - 424) 2,141 (2,034 - 2,252) 5,525 (5,158 - 5,916) 7,665 (7,282 - 8,067)
Northeast 1,484 (1,354 - 1,627) 65 (56 - 76) 376 (343 - 413) 1,043   (923 - 1,178) 1,419 (1,291 - 1,560)
Midwest 1,792 (1,665 - 1,927) 83 (73 - 94) 494 (460 - 529) 1,215 (1,098 - 1,344) 1,709 (1,583 - 1,843)
South 2,614 (2,409 - 2,837) 127 (110 - 145) 689 (636 - 746) 1,799 (1,610 - 2,010) 2,488 (2,285 - 2,708)
West 2,159 (1,950 - 2,387) 109   (92 - 129) 582 (528 - 642) 1,468 (1,277 - 1,686) 2,050 (1,844 - 2,276)
Alabama 104   (80 - 135) 5 (3 - 7) 27 (20 - 36) 72   (51 - 101) 99   (75 - 130)
Alaska 21 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 19) 20 (15 - 25)
Arizona 205 (155 - 271) 9   (6 - 13) 50 (38 - 65) 146 (102 - 208) 196 (147 - 261)
Arkansas 66 (50 - 87) 4 (3 - 6) 18 (13 - 23) 44 (31 - 63) 62 (47 - 83)
California 1,131   (972 - 1,314) 61 (48 - 78) 311 (267 - 360) 759 (615 - 936) 1,070   (913 - 1,252)
Colorado 170 (132 - 218) 7   (5 - 10) 47 (37 - 60) 115   (83 - 159) 162 (125 - 210)
Connecticut 90   (68 - 117) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (18 - 30) 62 (44 - 87) 85   (65 - 112)
Delaware 21 (15 - 27) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 14   (9 - 20) 19 (14 - 26)
District of Columbia 31 (24 - 39) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (17 - 31) 30 (24 - 39)
Florida 450 (378 - 536) 20 (16 - 25) 103   (87 - 122) 327 (261 - 408) 430 (359 - 515)
Georgia 211 (158 - 279) 11   (8 - 16) 53 (39 - 71) 146 (102 - 210) 199 (148 - 267)
Hawaii 40 (31 - 53) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 13) 29 (20 - 41) 39 (29 - 51)
Idaho 45 (35 - 59) 2 (2 - 3) 12 (10 - 16) 31 (22 - 43) 43 (33 - 57)
Illinois 366 (315 - 424) 17 (13 - 21) 110   (95 - 126) 239 (193 - 296) 349 (299 - 407)
Indiana 164 (128 - 210) 8   (6 - 11) 51 (40 - 65) 105   (75 - 147) 156 (121 - 201)
Iowa 90   (71 - 114) 4 (3 - 6) 29 (23 - 37) 57 (41 - 78) 86   (67 - 109)
Kansas 71 (55 - 92) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (17 - 29) 45 (32 - 63) 67 (52 - 87)
Kentucky 87   (64 - 117) 5 (3 - 7) 23 (17 - 31) 59 (40 - 87) 82   (60 - 112)
Louisiana 106   (83 - 136) 5 (4 - 7) 28 (22 - 35) 74   (53 - 102) 101   (78 - 131)
Maine 29 (21 - 39) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 21 (14 - 30) 28 (20 - 38)
Maryland 115   (83 - 158) 5 (3 - 8) 31 (23 - 42) 79   (52 - 120) 110   (79 - 152)
Massachusetts 213 (167 - 272) 9   (6 - 13) 64 (50 - 81) 140 (101 - 194) 204 (159 - 262)
Michigan 300 (256 - 350) 12 (10 - 15) 66 (57 - 77) 221 (180 - 270) 287 (244 - 338)
Minnesota 157 (122 - 203) 7   (5 - 10) 45 (35 - 57) 105   (75 - 148) 150 (115 - 195)
Mississippi 66 (51 - 87) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (14 - 24) 45 (32 - 63) 63 (48 - 83)
Missouri 131 (100 - 170) 7   (5 - 10) 37 (28 - 48) 86   (61 - 123) 123   (93 - 163)
Montana 27 (22 - 35) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 11) 18 (13 - 25) 26 (20 - 33)
Nebraska 37 (27 - 49) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (9 - 15) 23 (16 - 35) 35 (25 - 47)
Nevada 82 (63 - 108) 4 (3 - 6) 21 (16 - 28) 57 (40 - 81) 79   (59 - 104)
New Hampshire 33 (25 - 43) 2 (1 - 2) 8   (6 - 10) 23 (17 - 33) 31 (24 - 41)
New Jersey 209 (158 - 275) 11   (7 - 15) 46 (34 - 61) 152 (107 - 214) 198 (148 - 264)
New Mexico 58 (46 - 74) 3 (2 - 5) 18 (14 - 23) 38 (27 - 52) 55 (43 - 71)
New York 526 (446 - 620) 22 (18 - 29) 135 (115 - 159) 369 (296 - 459) 504 (424 - 597)
North Carolina 184 (137 - 247) 10   (7 - 14) 47 (35 - 64) 127   (87 - 185) 174 (128 - 237)
North Dakota 23 (18 - 28) 1 (1 - 1) 8   (6 - 10) 14 (10 - 19) 22 (17 - 28)
Ohio 297 (254 - 347) 13 (10 - 16) 72 (62 - 84) 212 (173 - 259) 284 (242 - 334)
Oklahoma 80   (61 - 106) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (19 - 32) 52 (36 - 75) 76   (57 - 101)
Oregon 120   (93 - 154) 5 (3 - 7) 27 (21 - 35) 88   (64 - 120) 115   (89 - 149)
Pennsylvania 336 (284 - 397) 13 (10 - 17) 79 (66 - 95) 243 (196 - 301) 323 (271 - 383)
Rhode Island 32 (24 - 41) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 12) 21 (15 - 29) 30 (23 - 39)
South Carolina 120   (91 - 159) 5 (3 - 7) 24 (18 - 32) 91   (65 - 128) 115   (86 - 154)
South Dakota 25 (19 - 32) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 16 (12 - 23) 23 (18 - 30)
Tennessee 147 (111 - 195) 7   (5 - 10) 36 (27 - 47) 104   (73 - 150) 140 (104 - 187)
Texas 586 (496 - 691) 30 (24 - 39) 171 (145 - 201) 384 (306 - 482) 556 (468 - 659)
Utah 54 (41 - 71) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (14 - 25) 32 (22 - 46) 51 (38 - 67)
Vermont 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 11   (8 - 16) 16 (13 - 21)
Virginia 199 (154 - 257) 9   (7 - 13) 60 (47 - 77) 130   (91 - 184) 190 (146 - 248)
Washington 190 (148 - 243) 9   (7 - 13) 49 (39 - 63) 131   (95 - 181) 180 (139 - 233)
West Virginia 41 (31 - 54) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (9 - 15) 27 (19 - 39) 39 (29 - 52)
Wisconsin 131   (97 - 176) 6 (4 - 9) 34 (25 - 45) 91   (62 - 133) 125   (92 - 169)
Wyoming 15 (12 - 19) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (7 - 14) 14 (11 - 19)
121013
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,837 (6,528 - 7,162) 1,155 (1,093 - 1,221) 2,625 (2,510 - 2,746) 3,057 (2,793 - 3,344) 5,682 (5,385 - 5,995)
Northeast 1,253 (1,161 - 1,354) 195 (176 - 216) 489 (450 - 532) 568 (493 - 655) 1,058   (970 - 1,154)
Midwest 1,417 (1,328 - 1,511) 237 (218 - 257) 540 (505 - 576) 641 (566 - 724) 1,180 (1,096 - 1,270)
South 2,425 (2,270 - 2,590) 396 (365 - 429) 893 (834 - 957) 1,135 (1,004 - 1,283) 2,029 (1,880 - 2,189)
West 1,743 (1,604 - 1,892) 327 (293 - 365) 703 (642 - 769) 712 (603 - 842) 1,415 (1,284 - 1,560)
Alabama 94   (76 - 117) 15 (12 - 20) 35 (27 - 45) 44 (31 - 63) 79   (62 - 101)
Alaska 15 (12 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (4 - 8) 6 (4 - 9) 12   (9 - 15)
Arizona 165 (132 - 206) 32 (24 - 43) 57 (44 - 73) 76   (52 - 111) 133 (102 - 171)
Arkansas 61 (50 - 76) 10   (8 - 14) 21 (17 - 27) 29 (21 - 41) 51 (40 - 64)
California 926   (820 - 1,046) 180 (153 - 211) 386 (337 - 442) 360 (279 - 462) 746 (646 - 862)
Colorado 124 (103 - 149) 21 (16 - 28) 57 (46 - 70) 47 (33 - 67) 103   (84 - 127)
Connecticut 80   (65 - 100) 13 (10 - 18) 29 (23 - 38) 38 (27 - 54) 67 (53 - 86)
Delaware 21 (17 - 25) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (7 - 14) 17 (14 - 22)
District of Columbia 18 (14 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 10   (7 - 15) 17 (13 - 21)
Florida 411 (359 - 472) 59 (50 - 70) 155 (134 - 179) 197 (155 - 252) 353 (303 - 411)
Georgia 189 (151 - 237) 33 (25 - 45) 68 (52 - 88) 88   (61 - 126) 156 (121 - 201)
Hawaii 23 (18 - 28) 4 (3 - 6) 8 (6 - 10) 11   (7 - 16) 18 (14 - 24)
Idaho 33 (27 - 41) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 15 (10 - 21) 27 (22 - 35)
Illinois 274 (240 - 313) 43 (36 - 52) 115 (100 - 132) 116   (89 - 150) 231 (199 - 268)
Indiana 130 (104 - 162) 20 (15 - 27) 51 (39 - 65) 59 (41 - 86) 110   (85 - 141)
Iowa 56 (45 - 70) 10   (8 - 14) 22 (17 - 29) 24 (17 - 35) 46 (36 - 59)
Kansas 59 (49 - 72) 10   (8 - 14) 24 (19 - 31) 25 (17 - 35) 49 (39 - 61)
Kentucky 91   (74 - 111) 16 (12 - 21) 33 (25 - 42) 42 (30 - 58) 75 (59 - 94)
Louisiana 88   (72 - 109) 14 (11 - 19) 31 (24 - 40) 43 (30 - 61) 74 (58 - 94)
Maine 25 (20 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 14) 11   (7 - 15) 22 (17 - 27)
Maryland 125 (102 - 154) 19 (14 - 25) 49 (39 - 63) 57 (40 - 80) 106   (84 - 134)
Massachusetts 155 (126 - 190) 30 (23 - 39) 61 (47 - 77) 64 (44 - 94) 125   (98 - 158)
Michigan 208 (183 - 236) 39 (33 - 46) 77 (67 - 88) 92   (72 - 117) 169 (145 - 196)
Minnesota 109   (90 - 133) 20 (15 - 26) 44 (34 - 56) 46 (32 - 64) 89   (71 - 112)
Mississippi 66 (54 - 81) 10   (7 - 13) 25 (20 - 32) 32 (23 - 44) 57 (45 - 71)
Missouri 139 (114 - 169) 22 (17 - 29) 56 (45 - 70) 61 (44 - 85) 117   (94 - 145)
Montana 23 (19 - 28) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 13) 19 (15 - 23)
Nebraska 34 (27 - 42) 6 (4 - 8) 12   (9 - 16) 16 (11 - 24) 28 (22 - 36)
Nevada 58 (46 - 74) 10   (7 - 14) 19 (14 - 25) 29 (20 - 42) 48 (37 - 63)
New Hampshire 33 (27 - 40) 7 (5 - 9) 13 (10 - 16) 13   (9 - 19) 26 (21 - 33)
New Jersey 191 (156 - 235) 34 (25 - 45) 71 (55 - 91) 86   (61 - 121) 158 (125 - 199)
New Mexico 52 (42 - 64) 12   (9 - 15) 20 (16 - 26) 20 (13 - 30) 40 (31 - 51)
New York 439 (384 - 503) 61 (51 - 73) 177 (154 - 204) 201 (158 - 256) 378 (325 - 440)
North Carolina 210 (171 - 257) 36 (27 - 47) 79   (62 - 100) 95   (67 - 135) 174 (138 - 219)
North Dakota 11   (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 7) 9   (7 - 12)
Ohio 267 (235 - 304) 41 (35 - 48) 91   (80 - 104) 135 (107 - 169) 226 (195 - 262)
Oklahoma 76 (61 - 96) 12   (9 - 17) 27 (21 - 36) 37 (26 - 53) 64 (50 - 83)
Oregon 99   (80 - 122) 16 (12 - 21) 38 (30 - 48) 45 (32 - 63) 83   (65 - 104)
Pennsylvania 285 (250 - 326) 41 (34 - 49) 107   (91 - 125) 138 (109 - 175) 244 (210 - 284)
Rhode Island 26 (21 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 14) 11   (8 - 16) 22 (18 - 28)
South Carolina 100   (81 - 123) 17 (13 - 22) 36 (28 - 45) 48 (34 - 67) 83   (65 - 106)
South Dakota 15 (12 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 10) 12   (9 - 16)
Tennessee 153 (124 - 188) 23 (18 - 30) 58 (46 - 73) 72   (51 - 103) 130 (103 - 164)
Texas 512 (446 - 589) 95   (80 - 114) 179 (152 - 211) 238 (185 - 305) 417 (354 - 491)
Utah 61 (49 - 74) 12   (9 - 16) 24 (18 - 30) 25 (18 - 35) 49 (39 - 61)
Vermont 18 (15 - 22) 2 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 11) 7   (5 - 10) 16 (13 - 19)
Virginia 166 (135 - 205) 27 (20 - 36) 65 (50 - 84) 75   (53 - 105) 139 (110 - 176)
Washington 153 (126 - 186) 24 (19 - 32) 64 (51 - 80) 65 (46 - 92) 129 (103 - 160)
West Virginia 41 (33 - 50) 5 (3 - 7) 18 (14 - 22) 19 (13 - 27) 36 (29 - 45)
Wisconsin 114   (91 - 142) 19 (14 - 26) 39 (30 - 51) 55 (39 - 80) 94   (73 - 121)
Wyoming 10   (8 - 12) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 11)
121013
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,707 (4,446 - 4,983) 625 (578 - 676) 1,831 (1,733 - 1,935) 2,250 (2,026 - 2,498) 4,081 (3,829 - 4,350)
Northeast 890 (808 - 980) 105   (92 - 118) 345 (313 - 381) 440 (371 - 522) 785 (706 - 874)
Midwest 976   (897 - 1,061) 129 (116 - 143) 372 (343 - 403) 475 (407 - 553) 847 (771 - 929)
South 1,637 (1,507 - 1,779) 216 (194 - 239) 616 (568 - 669) 805 (693 - 936) 1,422 (1,297 - 1,559)
West 1,204 (1,077 - 1,344) 176 (152 - 204) 498 (447 - 555) 530 (428 - 656) 1,028   (906 - 1,165)
Alabama 63 (49 - 82) 8   (6 - 11) 25 (18 - 33) 31 (20 - 46) 55 (41 - 73)
Alaska 11   (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 9   (7 - 12)
Arizona 117   (89 - 154) 19 (14 - 26) 43 (32 - 58) 55 (36 - 86) 99   (72 - 133)
Arkansas 42 (33 - 55) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (11 - 19) 22 (15 - 33) 36 (28 - 48)
California 641 (546 - 750) 95   (77 - 117) 278 (236 - 327) 267 (195 - 366) 545 (455 - 653)
Colorado 76 (59 - 97) 11   (8 - 15) 33 (25 - 43) 32 (21 - 49) 65 (50 - 85)
Connecticut 59 (46 - 76) 7   (5 - 10) 21 (16 - 28) 30 (20 - 45) 52 (39 - 68)
Delaware 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 7   (5 - 10) 13 (10 - 17)
District of Columbia 13 (10 - 17) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 12) 12   (9 - 17)
Florida 260 (220 - 307) 31 (25 - 38) 102   (85 - 121) 127   (96 - 167) 229 (191 - 275)
Georgia 121   (92 - 160) 18 (13 - 25) 44 (31 - 60) 59 (38 - 92) 103   (75 - 140)
Hawaii 15 (11 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 12) 13   (9 - 18)
Idaho 23 (18 - 29) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (6 - 12) 11   (7 - 16) 20 (15 - 26)
Illinois 192 (163 - 226) 26 (20 - 33) 79 (67 - 94) 87   (64 - 117) 166 (139 - 199)
Indiana 89   (69 - 115) 12   (9 - 16) 34 (25 - 46) 43 (29 - 64) 77   (58 - 102)
Iowa 38 (29 - 50) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (11 - 21) 17 (11 - 26) 32 (24 - 44)
Kansas 39 (30 - 50) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (11 - 21) 18 (12 - 27) 33 (25 - 44)
Kentucky 67 (52 - 86) 8   (6 - 11) 27 (20 - 35) 32 (22 - 47) 59 (45 - 77)
Louisiana 62 (48 - 80) 8   (6 - 11) 24 (18 - 31) 31 (20 - 46) 54 (41 - 72)
Maine 18 (14 - 23) 2 (1 - 3) 8   (6 - 10) 8   (5 - 12) 16 (12 - 21)
Maryland 91   (71 - 116) 10   (8 - 14) 37 (28 - 48) 44 (30 - 65) 81   (62 - 105)
Massachusetts 116   (92 - 147) 16 (12 - 21) 47 (36 - 62) 53 (36 - 78) 100   (77 - 130)
Michigan 140 (120 - 164) 20 (17 - 25) 55 (47 - 64) 65 (50 - 86) 120 (101 - 143)
Minnesota 68 (52 - 89) 10   (8 - 14) 26 (19 - 36) 32 (21 - 48) 58 (43 - 78)
Mississippi 47 (37 - 60) 6 (4 - 8) 18 (13 - 24) 24 (16 - 34) 41 (32 - 54)
Missouri 93   (73 - 118) 11   (8 - 16) 37 (28 - 49) 44 (31 - 64) 82   (63 - 105)
Montana 17 (13 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 9) 8   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 19)
Nebraska 24 (18 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 11) 12   (8 - 19) 21 (15 - 28)
Nevada 44 (33 - 58) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (11 - 20) 23 (15 - 34) 38 (28 - 51)
New Hampshire 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 12) 10   (7 - 14) 19 (15 - 24)
New Jersey 123   (95 - 158) 16 (12 - 22) 46 (34 - 61) 61 (41 - 90) 106   (81 - 140)
New Mexico 33 (26 - 42) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (10 - 18) 13   (8 - 20) 27 (20 - 35)
New York 327 (277 - 386) 34 (27 - 42) 126 (106 - 149) 167 (126 - 221) 293 (245 - 351)
North Carolina 144 (113 - 184) 19 (14 - 26) 56 (42 - 75) 69   (47 - 100) 125   (96 - 163)
North Dakota 8   (6 - 11) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 6) 7   (5 - 10)
Ohio 193 (164 - 227) 23 (19 - 28) 67 (57 - 78) 103   (79 - 134) 170 (142 - 204)
Oklahoma 54 (41 - 71) 6 (5 - 9) 20 (14 - 27) 28 (18 - 41) 47 (35 - 64)
Oregon 72 (56 - 93) 8   (6 - 11) 28 (21 - 36) 36 (24 - 54) 64 (49 - 84)
Pennsylvania 194 (163 - 231) 23 (18 - 29) 74 (62 - 88) 97   (73 - 130) 171 (141 - 207)
Rhode Island 19 (15 - 25) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (6 - 10) 9   (6 - 14) 17 (13 - 22)
South Carolina 62 (47 - 80) 8   (6 - 11) 21 (16 - 29) 32 (22 - 48) 54 (40 - 72)
South Dakota 11   (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (4 - 8) 9   (7 - 13)
Tennessee 113   (87 - 145) 12   (9 - 17) 44 (33 - 58) 57 (38 - 84) 100   (76 - 132)
Texas 334 (280 - 397) 53 (42 - 66) 115   (95 - 140) 165 (123 - 223) 281 (230 - 343)
Utah 40 (31 - 51) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (12 - 22) 17 (12 - 26) 34 (26 - 44)
Vermont 12 (10 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (3 - 7) 11   (9 - 14)
Virginia 116   (90 - 150) 15 (11 - 21) 46 (34 - 61) 55 (37 - 83) 101   (77 - 133)
Washington 110   (86 - 140) 14 (11 - 19) 44 (33 - 58) 51 (34 - 75) 95   (73 - 125)
West Virginia 33 (26 - 41) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (12 - 19) 15 (10 - 22) 29 (23 - 38)
Wisconsin 81   (60 - 109) 10   (7 - 13) 27 (20 - 37) 45 (29 - 70) 72 (52 - 99)
Wyoming 7 (5 - 9) 1 (1 - 1) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 6 (4 - 8)
121013
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 21,413 (20,800 - 22,042) 1,752 (1,673 - 1,835) 6,586 (6,401 - 6,776) 13,075 (12,505 - 13,668) 19,661 (19,059 - 20,279)
Northeast 4,091 (3,862 - 4,335) 311 (287 - 336) 1,220 (1,162 - 1,281) 2,560 (2,346 - 2,791) 3,780 (3,556 - 4,020)
Midwest 4,724 (4,514 - 4,941) 364 (341 - 388) 1,461 (1,402 - 1,522) 2,898 (2,703 - 3,107) 4,360 (4,154 - 4,573)
South 7,108 (6,777 - 7,453) 585 (547 - 626) 2,206 (2,108 - 2,308) 4,317 (4,004 - 4,651) 6,523 (6,199 - 6,861)
West 5,490 (5,176 - 5,820) 492 (451 - 535) 1,699 (1,607 - 1,794) 3,300 (3,012 - 3,614) 4,999 (4,692 - 5,322)
Alabama 263 (218 - 316) 23 (18 - 28) 84 (71 - 98) 156 (119 - 204) 240 (197 - 292)
Alaska 52 (44 - 62) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 18) 32 (25 - 40) 48 (40 - 57)
Arizona 552 (460 - 658) 46 (36 - 58) 150 (129 - 172) 356 (277 - 455) 506 (417 - 609)
Arkansas 164 (135 - 199) 14 (11 - 18) 49 (41 - 57) 101   (77 - 132) 150 (122 - 183)
California 2,813 (2,561 - 3,087) 275 (242 - 313) 907 (833 - 986) 1,631 (1,406 - 1,888) 2,538 (2,292 - 2,807)
Colorado 414 (353 - 484) 32 (25 - 39) 132 (115 - 150) 250 (198 - 315) 382 (323 - 451)
Connecticut 268 (225 - 319) 21 (17 - 26) 79 (69 - 91) 168 (130 - 215) 247 (205 - 296)
Delaware 59 (49 - 71) 4 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 22) 36 (28 - 46) 55 (45 - 66)
District of Columbia 67 (57 - 78) 2 (2 - 3) 19 (17 - 22) 45 (36 - 56) 65 (55 - 76)
Florida 1,195 (1,083 - 1,320) 90   (78 - 103) 338 (310 - 369) 767 (665 - 884) 1,106   (996 - 1,228)
Georgia 548 (456 - 657) 52 (41 - 65) 183 (156 - 214) 312 (237 - 410) 496 (408 - 601)
Hawaii 94   (77 - 112) 7 (6 - 9) 27 (23 - 31) 60 (46 - 77) 86   (71 - 105)
Idaho 116   (98 - 137) 10   (8 - 12) 35 (30 - 40) 71 (56 - 90) 106   (89 - 127)
Illinois 891 (811 - 978) 68 (59 - 78) 300 (276 - 324) 524 (452 - 606) 823 (745 - 909)
Indiana 444 (372 - 527) 31 (25 - 39) 140 (121 - 161) 273 (212 - 350) 412 (343 - 495)
Iowa 219 (186 - 256) 17 (14 - 21) 75 (65 - 86) 127 (100 - 161) 202 (170 - 238)
Kansas 194 (165 - 227) 17 (13 - 21) 64 (56 - 74) 113   (89 - 143) 177 (149 - 210)
Kentucky 231 (191 - 279) 21 (16 - 27) 71 (60 - 84) 139 (105 - 182) 210 (172 - 257)
Louisiana 275 (231 - 327) 21 (17 - 26) 88   (76 - 100) 167 (129 - 215) 255 (212 - 305)
Maine 77 (63 - 93) 6 (4 - 7) 24 (21 - 28) 47 (36 - 63) 71 (58 - 87)
Maryland 325 (267 - 394) 26 (20 - 33) 109   (93 - 126) 191 (142 - 254) 299 (244 - 366)
Massachusetts 573 (485 - 674) 44 (36 - 54) 178 (156 - 203) 350 (274 - 444) 528 (443 - 628)
Michigan 714 (649 - 784) 58 (51 - 67) 203 (187 - 221) 452 (393 - 519) 655 (592 - 725)
Minnesota 402 (341 - 473) 32 (25 - 40) 124 (108 - 141) 247 (195 - 311) 371 (312 - 439)
Mississippi 170 (142 - 202) 14 (11 - 18) 55 (48 - 64) 100   (77 - 129) 156 (129 - 187)
Missouri 363 (304 - 433) 33 (26 - 42) 120 (103 - 138) 211 (161 - 274) 330 (273 - 398)
Montana 85 (73 - 99) 7 (6 - 9) 26 (23 - 29) 52 (42 - 65) 78 (66 - 92)
Nebraska 120 (100 - 142) 9   (7 - 11) 41 (35 - 47) 70 (54 - 90) 111   (92 - 132)
Nevada 230 (191 - 277) 17 (13 - 22) 57 (49 - 66) 157 (122 - 200) 214 (176 - 259)
New Hampshire 98   (83 - 116) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (26 - 34) 59 (45 - 76) 89   (74 - 107)
New Jersey 601 (502 - 719) 53 (42 - 66) 169 (146 - 195) 379 (293 - 489) 548 (453 - 663)
New Mexico 153 (129 - 181) 15 (12 - 19) 47 (41 - 54) 90   (70 - 116) 137 (114 - 165)
New York 1,377 (1,244 - 1,523) 101   (88 - 116) 419 (384 - 457) 857 (735 - 996) 1,276 (1,146 - 1,420)
North Carolina 548 (456 - 657) 49 (39 - 61) 177 (153 - 204) 322 (245 - 423) 499 (410 - 605)
North Dakota 52 (45 - 61) 3 (3 - 4) 21 (18 - 24) 28 (22 - 36) 49 (42 - 57)
Ohio 850 (775 - 931) 62 (54 - 71) 240 (222 - 260) 547 (479 - 625) 788 (715 - 868)
Oklahoma 270 (226 - 321) 19 (15 - 25) 76 (65 - 89) 174 (137 - 222) 251 (208 - 301)
Oregon 317 (267 - 375) 23 (19 - 28) 84 (73 - 97) 209 (166 - 263) 294 (246 - 350)
Pennsylvania 948 (858 - 1,046) 67 (58 - 77) 271 (248 - 296) 610 (529 - 702) 881 (793 - 977)
Rhode Island 96   (81 - 113) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (26 - 34) 60 (47 - 76) 90   (75 - 107)
South Carolina 307 (256 - 368) 24 (19 - 30) 87   (75 - 101) 196 (152 - 252) 283 (233 - 342)
South Dakota 67 (56 - 78) 5 (4 - 7) 19 (16 - 22) 42 (34 - 53) 61 (51 - 73)
Tennessee 433 (362 - 516) 34 (27 - 42) 128 (109 - 149) 272 (212 - 347) 400 (331 - 480)
Texas 1,604 (1,455 - 1,767) 142 (123 - 164) 504 (462 - 548) 958   (823 - 1,113) 1,462 (1,316 - 1,622)
Utah 137 (112 - 167) 15 (11 - 19) 53 (44 - 64) 70 (51 - 95) 123   (99 - 151)
Vermont 54 (46 - 63) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (17 - 21) 31 (24 - 39) 50 (42 - 58)
Virginia 538 (456 - 634) 42 (34 - 53) 182 (158 - 208) 314 (245 - 400) 496 (416 - 589)
Washington 489 (413 - 579) 37 (30 - 46) 153 (133 - 175) 299 (234 - 380) 452 (378 - 539)
West Virginia 111   (94 - 131) 8   (6 - 10) 37 (32 - 42) 66 (51 - 85) 103   (86 - 123)
Wisconsin 409 (341 - 488) 29 (23 - 36) 115   (99 - 133) 265 (205 - 339) 380 (314 - 458)
Wyoming 38 (32 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (10 - 14) 23 (18 - 30) 35 (29 - 42)
121013
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,125 (5,835 - 6,428) 1,070 (1,011 - 1,132) 2,410 (2,300 - 2,525) 2,645 (2,400 - 2,915) 5,055 (4,777 - 5,349)
Northeast 1,109 (1,025 - 1,200) 180 (162 - 199) 446 (409 - 487) 483 (414 - 563) 929   (849 - 1,017)
Midwest 1,243 (1,166 - 1,324) 217 (199 - 236) 493 (460 - 528) 534 (467 - 610) 1,026   (953 - 1,105)
South 2,177 (2,039 - 2,323) 370 (340 - 403) 819 (762 - 879) 988   (871 - 1,120) 1,807 (1,677 - 1,947)
West 1,596 (1,462 - 1,742) 303 (270 - 341) 652 (592 - 718) 641 (533 - 770) 1,293 (1,166 - 1,432)
Alabama 84   (69 - 103) 14 (10 - 19) 34 (26 - 44) 36 (25 - 52) 70 (56 - 88)
Alaska 16 (13 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 16)
Arizona 149 (118 - 187) 31 (22 - 42) 53 (40 - 69) 65 (44 - 96) 118   (91 - 153)
Arkansas 53 (43 - 65) 9   (7 - 13) 20 (16 - 26) 23 (16 - 33) 44 (35 - 55)
California 858 (754 - 975) 166 (140 - 197) 362 (312 - 418) 330 (250 - 435) 691 (594 - 804)
Colorado 108   (90 - 129) 20 (14 - 26) 52 (41 - 65) 36 (25 - 53) 88   (72 - 108)
Connecticut 68 (55 - 84) 11   (8 - 15) 26 (20 - 34) 30 (21 - 44) 56 (44 - 72)
Delaware 17 (14 - 21) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 9) 8   (5 - 12) 15 (12 - 19)
District of Columbia 14 (11 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 17)
Florida 378 (331 - 434) 56 (47 - 68) 143 (123 - 166) 179 (140 - 230) 322 (276 - 376)
Georgia 170 (134 - 216) 31 (23 - 42) 57 (42 - 77) 82   (55 - 122) 139 (105 - 183)
Hawaii 21 (17 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (6 - 15) 17 (13 - 23)
Idaho 30 (25 - 37) 6 (4 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 13   (9 - 18) 25 (20 - 31)
Illinois 241 (212 - 275) 41 (34 - 49) 109   (95 - 125) 92   (69 - 121) 201 (173 - 233)
Indiana 118   (95 - 146) 18 (13 - 25) 47 (36 - 61) 53 (36 - 78) 100   (78 - 127)
Iowa 50 (40 - 62) 10   (7 - 13) 20 (15 - 27) 20 (13 - 30) 40 (31 - 51)
Kansas 49 (39 - 60) 9   (7 - 13) 20 (15 - 26) 19 (13 - 28) 39 (31 - 50)
Kentucky 81 (66 - 98) 15 (11 - 20) 30 (23 - 39) 35 (25 - 51) 66 (53 - 82)
Louisiana 83   (67 - 104) 13 (10 - 18) 29 (22 - 37) 41 (28 - 60) 70 (54 - 89)
Maine 23 (19 - 29) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (7 - 15) 20 (16 - 26)
Maryland 110   (90 - 134) 18 (13 - 24) 45 (35 - 59) 46 (33 - 65) 92   (74 - 114)
Massachusetts 137 (112 - 168) 29 (22 - 37) 55 (42 - 71) 54 (37 - 78) 108   (85 - 137)
Michigan 179 (156 - 205) 35 (29 - 42) 68 (59 - 79) 76   (57 - 100) 144 (122 - 170)
Minnesota 97   (79 - 118) 18 (14 - 24) 39 (30 - 51) 39 (27 - 56) 79 (63 - 98)
Mississippi 62 (50 - 76) 9   (7 - 12) 23 (18 - 30) 30 (21 - 42) 53 (42 - 67)
Missouri 126 (104 - 152) 20 (15 - 27) 51 (40 - 64) 55 (39 - 78) 106   (86 - 131)
Montana 20 (17 - 25) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (7 - 11) 8   (6 - 11) 16 (13 - 20)
Nebraska 30 (24 - 38) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (8 - 14) 14   (9 - 21) 25 (19 - 32)
Nevada 53 (41 - 69) 9   (7 - 13) 16 (12 - 21) 28 (19 - 42) 44 (33 - 59)
New Hampshire 28 (23 - 34) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 10   (7 - 15) 22 (17 - 27)
New Jersey 159 (130 - 195) 31 (23 - 41) 63 (48 - 83) 66 (46 - 94) 129 (103 - 161)
New Mexico 47 (39 - 57) 11   (8 - 15) 19 (15 - 24) 18 (12 - 26) 36 (29 - 45)
New York 411 (358 - 472) 56 (46 - 69) 168 (146 - 194) 186 (144 - 242) 355 (304 - 414)
North Carolina 192 (157 - 234) 33 (25 - 43) 73 (56 - 94) 87   (61 - 123) 160 (127 - 200)
North Dakota 10   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 11)
Ohio 229 (200 - 263) 38 (32 - 46) 83 (72 - 96) 108   (83 - 139) 191 (163 - 224)
Oklahoma 68 (54 - 86) 11   (8 - 15) 25 (19 - 33) 32 (22 - 47) 57 (44 - 74)
Oregon 91   (74 - 110) 15 (12 - 20) 36 (28 - 46) 39 (27 - 56) 75 (60 - 94)
Pennsylvania 245 (213 - 283) 38 (31 - 46) 94   (79 - 111) 113   (87 - 147) 207 (176 - 244)
Rhode Island 23 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 5) 10   (8 - 13) 9   (6 - 14) 19 (15 - 24)
South Carolina 89   (72 - 108) 16 (12 - 21) 33 (25 - 42) 40 (28 - 57) 73 (58 - 91)
South Dakota 13 (10 - 16) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (3 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 10   (8 - 13)
Tennessee 139 (112 - 170) 21 (15 - 27) 52 (40 - 67) 67 (47 - 95) 118   (94 - 148)
Texas 456 (398 - 524) 90   (74 - 108) 167 (142 - 196) 200 (153 - 260) 367 (312 - 432)
Utah 55 (44 - 67) 11   (8 - 15) 21 (15 - 28) 23 (16 - 32) 43 (34 - 55)
Vermont 15 (12 - 18) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (6 - 10) 5 (3 - 8) 13 (10 - 16)
Virginia 143 (118 - 174) 26 (19 - 34) 59 (46 - 77) 58 (41 - 82) 117   (94 - 146)
Washington 140 (116 - 169) 22 (16 - 29) 58 (46 - 74) 60 (43 - 84) 118   (96 - 145)
West Virginia 36 (29 - 45) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (13 - 20) 16 (11 - 23) 32 (25 - 40)
Wisconsin 103   (83 - 127) 18 (14 - 25) 36 (28 - 48) 48 (33 - 70) 85   (67 - 107)
Wyoming 9   (7 - 11) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (3 - 6) 7   (6 - 10)
121013
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 16,480 (15,945 - 17,031) 994   (931 - 1,062) 4,945 (4,781 - 5,114) 10,541 (10,037 - 11,067) 15,485 (14,955 - 16,032)
Northeast 3,133 (2,933 - 3,347) 174 (158 - 191) 920 (871 - 972) 2,039 (1,854 - 2,241) 2,959 (2,762 - 3,171)
Midwest 3,686 (3,491 - 3,890) 209 (192 - 227) 1,128 (1,078 - 1,179) 2,349 (2,170 - 2,543) 3,477 (3,285 - 3,679)
South 5,403 (5,112 - 5,709) 333 (306 - 363) 1,613 (1,539 - 1,690) 3,456 (3,189 - 3,744) 5,069 (4,783 - 5,371)
West 4,258 (3,965 - 4,571) 279 (249 - 312) 1,283 (1,205 - 1,366) 2,696 (2,431 - 2,988) 3,980 (3,691 - 4,288)
Alabama 199 (159 - 248) 13 (10 - 17) 60 (50 - 72) 126   (93 - 170) 186 (147 - 234)
Alaska 42 (34 - 51) 2 (2 - 3) 12 (10 - 15) 27 (20 - 36) 39 (32 - 49)
Arizona 410 (330 - 507) 24 (18 - 31) 113   (95 - 133) 273 (205 - 362) 386 (307 - 482)
Arkansas 118   (94 - 148) 9   (7 - 12) 34 (29 - 41) 75   (55 - 102) 109   (86 - 139)
California 2,183 (1,953 - 2,437) 159 (134 - 188) 677 (612 - 747) 1,347 (1,143 - 1,584) 2,024 (1,799 - 2,274)
Colorado 337 (280 - 405) 17 (13 - 23) 105   (91 - 121) 215 (166 - 277) 320 (264 - 386)
Connecticut 208 (168 - 256) 12   (9 - 15) 62 (52 - 73) 134 (101 - 178) 196 (157 - 244)
Delaware 44 (35 - 55) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 16) 28 (21 - 38) 42 (33 - 52)
District of Columbia 56 (46 - 67) 1 (1 - 1) 16 (14 - 19) 39 (30 - 49) 55 (45 - 66)
Florida 885 (784 - 999) 52 (44 - 62) 240 (216 - 266) 592 (501 - 699) 832 (733 - 946)
Georgia 414 (334 - 512) 30 (23 - 39) 130 (108 - 155) 254 (188 - 342) 384 (306 - 481)
Hawaii 83   (67 - 101) 4 (3 - 6) 23 (20 - 28) 55 (42 - 72) 78 (63 - 97)
Idaho 88   (72 - 107) 6 (4 - 7) 27 (22 - 31) 56 (42 - 73) 82   (67 - 101)
Illinois 699 (627 - 780) 39 (33 - 47) 227 (206 - 249) 433 (368 - 508) 660 (588 - 739)
Indiana 343 (279 - 420) 19 (14 - 24) 109   (92 - 128) 215 (162 - 285) 324 (262 - 400)
Iowa 189 (157 - 227) 10   (8 - 13) 63 (54 - 73) 116   (89 - 150) 179 (147 - 216)
Kansas 153 (125 - 185) 10   (8 - 13) 50 (42 - 59) 93   (70 - 122) 143 (116 - 175)
Kentucky 161 (126 - 204) 12   (9 - 16) 48 (39 - 59) 100   (72 - 139) 148 (115 - 191)
Louisiana 220 (181 - 267) 11   (9 - 14) 68 (58 - 80) 141 (108 - 184) 209 (171 - 255)
Maine 59 (47 - 73) 4 (3 - 5) 18 (15 - 21) 37 (27 - 50) 55 (44 - 69)
Maryland 231 (181 - 293) 13 (10 - 18) 74 (60 - 90) 144 (104 - 198) 217 (169 - 279)
Massachusetts 447 (372 - 536) 23 (18 - 30) 139 (119 - 161) 285 (221 - 366) 424 (350 - 512)
Michigan 563 (504 - 629) 32 (27 - 38) 156 (142 - 171) 375 (320 - 438) 531 (472 - 597)
Minnesota 318 (261 - 386) 17 (14 - 23) 99   (84 - 116) 202 (154 - 264) 301 (245 - 368)
Mississippi 126 (102 - 156) 8   (6 - 11) 38 (31 - 45) 81   (61 - 107) 118   (95 - 147)
Missouri 261 (210 - 323) 19 (15 - 24) 85   (71 - 101) 157 (115 - 214) 242 (193 - 304)
Montana 66 (56 - 79) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 23) 42 (33 - 54) 62 (52 - 75)
Nebraska 91   (73 - 111) 5 (4 - 7) 32 (28 - 38) 53 (39 - 71) 85   (68 - 105)
Nevada 191 (154 - 236) 10   (7 - 13) 46 (39 - 55) 135 (103 - 176) 181 (145 - 226)
New Hampshire 74 (60 - 90) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (19 - 26) 46 (35 - 61) 69 (56 - 85)
New Jersey 453 (368 - 557) 29 (22 - 38) 124 (104 - 147) 300 (227 - 396) 424 (341 - 527)
New Mexico 111   (91 - 135) 7 (6 - 9) 34 (29 - 40) 70 (53 - 92) 104   (84 - 128)
New York 1,055   (933 - 1,193) 58 (48 - 69) 309 (279 - 341) 688 (577 - 819) 997   (876 - 1,134)
North Carolina 404 (321 - 505) 29 (22 - 38) 123 (102 - 148) 251 (184 - 342) 375 (295 - 474)
North Dakota 47 (40 - 56) 2 (1 - 2) 19 (17 - 22) 26 (20 - 34) 45 (38 - 54)
Ohio 651 (584 - 725) 35 (30 - 42) 178 (163 - 195) 437 (375 - 509) 615 (549 - 689)
Oklahoma 207 (166 - 257) 11   (8 - 15) 58 (48 - 69) 138 (103 - 184) 196 (156 - 246)
Oregon 239 (195 - 291) 12   (9 - 15) 63 (53 - 73) 164 (126 - 214) 227 (184 - 280)
Pennsylvania 721 (644 - 807) 39 (32 - 46) 209 (188 - 232) 473 (404 - 554) 682 (606 - 768)
Rhode Island 80 (66 - 97) 3 (3 - 4) 24 (21 - 28) 52 (40 - 68) 77 (63 - 93)
South Carolina 241 (196 - 295) 14 (11 - 18) 62 (52 - 74) 165 (126 - 215) 227 (183 - 281)
South Dakota 56 (47 - 67) 3 (3 - 5) 16 (14 - 19) 37 (29 - 47) 53 (43 - 63)
Tennessee 314 (251 - 391) 18 (13 - 24) 87   (73 - 104) 209 (155 - 279) 296 (234 - 372)
Texas 1,284 (1,148 - 1,434) 80 (67 - 95) 400 (362 - 440) 804 (683 - 944) 1,204 (1,070 - 1,353)
Utah 92   (72 - 116) 9   (7 - 13) 37 (30 - 45) 46 (31 - 66) 83   (64 - 106)
Vermont 37 (30 - 45) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 15) 22 (16 - 29) 34 (28 - 42)
Virginia 421 (346 - 512) 25 (20 - 32) 135 (115 - 158) 261 (197 - 344) 396 (322 - 486)
Washington 386 (316 - 470) 22 (17 - 29) 117   (99 - 137) 247 (188 - 323) 364 (295 - 447)
West Virginia 79 (64 - 98) 5 (4 - 6) 26 (22 - 30) 49 (36 - 66) 74 (59 - 93)
Wisconsin 315 (257 - 385) 16 (12 - 21) 93   (78 - 109) 206 (157 - 270) 299 (241 - 368)
Wyoming 31 (25 - 37) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 12) 19 (15 - 25) 29 (24 - 35)
130826
Table 23 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Serious mental illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment. Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 (Revised March 2012 and October 2013) and 2011 (Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 9,135 (8,663 - 9,636) 1,317 (1,238 - 1,401) 7,818 (7,356 - 8,313)
Northeast 1,565 (1,422 - 1,721) 236 (214 - 260) 1,329 (1,191 - 1,482)
Midwest 2,140 (1,991 - 2,301) 293 (271 - 316) 1,848 (1,702 - 2,005)
South 3,298 (3,053 - 3,563) 465 (427 - 507) 2,832 (2,596 - 3,091)
West 2,133 (1,929 - 2,359) 323 (289 - 361) 1,810 (1,612 - 2,033)
Alabama 205 (161 - 262) 21 (16 - 28) 184 (141 - 240)
Alaska 21 (16 - 26) 3 (2 - 4) 18 (14 - 23)
Arizona 233 (178 - 303) 31 (23 - 40) 202 (150 - 271)
Arkansas 117   (91 - 150) 14 (11 - 17) 104   (78 - 137)
California 919    (775 - 1,088) 163 (136 - 195) 756 (618 - 924)
Colorado 159 (123 - 204) 24 (19 - 31) 134 (100 - 180)
Connecticut 94   (72 - 121) 13 (10 - 17) 81   (60 - 108)
Delaware 26 (20 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (16 - 29)
District of Columbia 18 (14 - 23) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (10 - 19)
Florida 499 (419 - 594) 69 (57 - 82) 430 (353 - 524)
Georgia 250 (192 - 324) 39 (30 - 50) 211 (156 - 284)
Hawaii 34 (26 - 46) 5 (4 - 6) 30 (21 - 41)
Idaho 60 (47 - 76) 8   (6 - 10) 52 (39 - 68)
Illinois 329 (278 - 390) 50 (42 - 59) 280 (230 - 339)
Indiana 235 (184 - 300) 29 (23 - 37) 206 (157 - 271)
Iowa 105   (83 - 133) 15 (11 - 19) 91   (69 - 118)
Kansas 86   (67 - 110) 12   (9 - 15) 75 (56 - 98)
Kentucky 150 (117 - 191) 19 (15 - 24) 131   (99 - 172)
Louisiana 126   (98 - 162) 18 (14 - 23) 108   (81 - 144)
Maine 46 (36 - 59) 5 (4 - 7) 40 (30 - 54)
Maryland 138 (106 - 179) 22 (17 - 29) 116   (86 - 156)
Massachusetts 200 (155 - 256) 30 (24 - 38) 170 (127 - 226)
Michigan 319 (274 - 372) 46 (40 - 54) 273 (229 - 326)
Minnesota 155 (121 - 198) 24 (19 - 30) 131   (98 - 174)
Mississippi 105   (83 - 132) 12   (9 - 16) 92   (71 - 120)
Missouri 212 (166 - 269) 24 (19 - 31) 188 (144 - 245)
Montana 38 (31 - 48) 5 (4 - 6) 34 (26 - 43)
Nebraska 61 (48 - 77) 8 (6 - 10) 52 (40 - 68)
Nevada 80   (62 - 104) 10   (8 - 14) 70 (52 - 93)
New Hampshire 45 (35 - 58) 6 (4 - 7) 39 (29 - 52)
New Jersey 204 (156 - 268) 33 (26 - 42) 171 (125 - 235)
New Mexico 68 (54 - 87) 9   (7 - 11) 60 (46 - 78)
New York 524 (441 - 622) 82 (69 - 98) 442 (362 - 538)
North Carolina 250 (189 - 329) 34 (26 - 45) 216 (158 - 294)
North Dakota 20 (16 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 17 (12 - 22)
Ohio 421 (363 - 488) 55 (47 - 64) 366 (310 - 432)
Oklahoma 139 (110 - 177) 16 (13 - 21) 123   (94 - 160)
Oregon 144 (114 - 182) 18 (14 - 22) 127   (98 - 164)
Pennsylvania 397 (337 - 467) 59 (49 - 70) 338 (280 - 407)
Rhode Island 32 (25 - 41) 5 (4 - 7) 27 (20 - 36)
South Carolina 148 (114 - 191) 18 (14 - 23) 130   (97 - 172)
South Dakota 25 (19 - 32) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (16 - 29)
Tennessee 208 (160 - 269) 25 (19 - 32) 183 (137 - 244)
Texas 602 (504 - 717) 108   (91 - 127) 494 (401 - 609)
Utah 95   (76 - 118) 18 (14 - 23) 77   (59 - 100)
Vermont 24 (19 - 30) 3 (2 - 4) 21 (16 - 27)
Virginia 242 (189 - 308) 37 (29 - 48) 204 (154 - 270)
Washington 264 (203 - 341) 28 (22 - 36) 236 (177 - 313)
West Virginia 76 (60 - 96) 7 (5 - 9) 69 (53 - 89)
Wisconsin 172 (135 - 220) 24 (19 - 31) 148 (112 - 195)
Wyoming 18 (14 - 23) 2 (2 - 3) 16 (12 - 20)
130826
Table 24 – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Any mental illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 (Revised March 2012 and October 2013) and 2011 (Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 41,423 (40,480 - 42,392) 6,261 (6,091 - 6,434) 35,162 (34,239 - 36,114)
Northeast 7,539 (7,216 - 7,873) 1,121 (1,071 - 1,174) 6,417 (6,100 - 6,747)
Midwest 9,233 (8,917 - 9,557) 1,391 (1,342 - 1,443) 7,842 (7,531 - 8,161)
South 15,042 (14,519 - 15,587) 2,165 (2,081 - 2,251) 12,878 (12,366 - 13,411)
West 9,608   (9,157 - 10,080) 1,583 (1,504 - 1,665) 8,025 (7,591 - 8,482)
Alabama 779 (694 - 872) 103   (90 - 118) 676 (594 - 767)
Alaska 97   (85 - 110) 17 (15 - 19) 80 (68 - 92)
Arizona 932    (811 - 1,066) 151 (132 - 171) 781 (665 - 912)
Arkansas 447 (392 - 508) 59 (52 - 67) 388 (334 - 448)
California 4,527 (4,171 - 4,907) 797 (732 - 867) 3,730 (3,389 - 4,099)
Colorado 661 (579 - 753) 115 (101 - 130) 547 (468 - 636)
Connecticut 450 (390 - 517) 66 (57 - 75) 384 (327 - 450)
Delaware 124 (109 - 141) 20 (17 - 23) 104   (90 - 121)
District of Columbia 96   (85 - 109) 19 (16 - 21) 77 (67 - 89)
Florida 2,365 (2,178 - 2,565) 338 (311 - 367) 2,027 (1,845 - 2,223)
Georgia 1,208 (1,051 - 1,383) 183 (159 - 210) 1,025    (873 - 1,196)
Hawaii 174 (152 - 199) 26 (22 - 29) 148 (127 - 172)
Idaho 257 (227 - 290) 36 (31 - 40) 222 (193 - 253)
Illinois 1,535 (1,413 - 1,665) 248 (229 - 268) 1,287 (1,169 - 1,414)
Indiana 937    (820 - 1,066) 149 (131 - 169) 788 (675 - 914)
Iowa 431 (381 - 486) 65 (57 - 74) 366 (318 - 419)
Kansas 361 (317 - 410) 58 (51 - 66) 303 (260 - 351)
Kentucky 634 (554 - 722) 80 (70 - 92) 554 (475 - 641)
Louisiana 619 (545 - 701) 91   (80 - 103) 529 (457 - 609)
Maine 177 (154 - 204) 26 (23 - 30) 151 (128 - 178)
Maryland 764 (665 - 875) 113   (98 - 128) 652 (556 - 760)
Massachusetts 908    (798 - 1,030) 144 (127 - 164) 764 (658 - 883)
Michigan 1,471 (1,368 - 1,580) 212 (196 - 228) 1,259 (1,159 - 1,365)
Minnesota 691 (608 - 784) 112 (98 - 127) 579 (499 - 670)
Mississippi 420 (371 - 474) 57 (50 - 65) 363 (315 - 416)
Missouri 868 (764 - 981) 121 (106 - 138) 746 (646 - 857)
Montana 148 (131 - 166) 22 (19 - 24) 126 (110 - 144)
Nebraska 239 (209 - 271) 38 (34 - 43) 200 (172 - 232)
Nevada 332 (285 - 384) 48 (41 - 55) 284 (239 - 335)
New Hampshire 196 (171 - 223) 26 (23 - 30) 169 (146 - 196)
New Jersey 1,066    (922 - 1,228) 150 (131 - 172) 916    (776 - 1,075)
New Mexico 280 (245 - 319) 44 (38 - 49) 237 (203 - 275)
New York 2,787 (2,576 - 3,010) 419 (387 - 453) 2,367 (2,162 - 2,588)
North Carolina 1,168 (1,010 - 1,344) 161 (139 - 185) 1,007    (856 - 1,179)
North Dakota 86 (75 - 98) 17 (15 - 19) 69 (59 - 81)
Ohio 1,754 (1,634 - 1,882) 241 (224 - 260) 1,513 (1,394 - 1,640)
Oklahoma 559 (491 - 633) 78 (68 - 89) 481 (416 - 553)
Oregon 609 (537 - 687) 85 (75 - 96) 524 (454 - 601)
Pennsylvania 1,712 (1,585 - 1,846) 250 (229 - 274) 1,462 (1,339 - 1,593)
Rhode Island 148 (129 - 169) 24 (21 - 28) 124 (106 - 145)
South Carolina 641 (560 - 730) 83 (72 - 95) 558 (480 - 645)
South Dakota 107   (94 - 122) 17 (15 - 20) 90   (77 - 105)
Tennessee 1,024    (898 - 1,163) 116 (101 - 133) 908    (785 - 1,045)
Texas 2,832 (2,605 - 3,075) 473 (435 - 514) 2,359 (2,138 - 2,597)
Utah 417 (371 - 467) 81 (72 - 92) 336 (293 - 384)
Vermont 94 (83 - 107) 15 (13 - 17) 80 (69 - 92)
Virginia 1,067    (929 - 1,219) 158 (139 - 180) 908    (776 - 1,058)
Washington 1,099    (964 - 1,248) 151 (133 - 171) 948    (818 - 1,093)
West Virginia 296 (260 - 335) 34 (30 - 38) 262 (227 - 301)
Wisconsin 753 (655 - 862) 112   (98 - 129) 641 (547 - 747)
Wyoming 76 (67 - 86) 13 (11 - 14) 63 (55 - 73)
121013
Table 25 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,662 (8,248 - 9,098) 2,303 (2,194 - 2,418) 6,359 (5,966 - 6,780)
Northeast 1,620 (1,481 - 1,773) 414 (381 - 450) 1,206 (1,077 - 1,350)
Midwest 2,001 (1,861 - 2,149) 517 (486 - 549) 1,484 (1,353 - 1,627)
South 3,033 (2,813 - 3,270) 816 (763 - 872) 2,217 (2,011 - 2,444)
West 2,009 (1,823 - 2,214) 556 (510 - 607) 1,452 (1,279 - 1,649)
Alabama 148 (116 - 188) 42 (34 - 51) 106   (78 - 145)
Alaska 22 (18 - 28) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 22)
Arizona 199 (155 - 253) 53 (42 - 66) 146 (107 - 198)
Arkansas 91   (72 - 116) 22 (18 - 27) 69 (51 - 93)
California 961   (821 - 1,125) 284 (247 - 327) 677 (549 - 834)
Colorado 136 (105 - 174) 38 (31 - 46) 98   (70 - 136)
Connecticut 98   (76 - 126) 22 (18 - 28) 75   (55 - 102)
Delaware 29 (23 - 37) 7 (6 - 9) 22 (17 - 30)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 25) 6 (5 - 7) 14 (10 - 19)
Florida 487 (414 - 573) 124 (108 - 142) 363 (294 - 448)
Georgia 242 (189 - 308) 67 (53 - 84) 174 (128 - 238)
Hawaii 35 (27 - 45) 9   (7 - 12) 26 (19 - 35)
Idaho 50 (40 - 63) 13 (10 - 15) 37 (28 - 50)
Illinois 319 (273 - 372) 92   (80 - 105) 227 (184 - 279)
Indiana 205 (162 - 259) 51 (42 - 63) 154 (114 - 207)
Iowa 86   (69 - 106) 23 (19 - 29) 62 (47 - 82)
Kansas 82   (64 - 103) 20 (16 - 25) 61 (46 - 82)
Kentucky 134 (106 - 169) 30 (24 - 37) 105   (79 - 139)
Louisiana 123   (98 - 154) 36 (29 - 43) 88   (65 - 117)
Maine 42 (32 - 54) 8   (7 - 10) 33 (25 - 46)
Maryland 156 (123 - 199) 40 (32 - 50) 116   (86 - 158)
Massachusetts 202 (159 - 256) 49 (39 - 61) 153 (114 - 204)
Michigan 336 (290 - 388) 83 (73 - 94) 253 (210 - 304)
Minnesota 159 (126 - 199) 41 (33 - 51) 118   (88 - 157)
Mississippi 83   (66 - 104) 21 (17 - 26) 62 (46 - 83)
Missouri 185 (147 - 233) 43 (34 - 54) 142 (107 - 189)
Montana 32 (26 - 39) 9   (7 - 11) 23 (17 - 30)
Nebraska 52 (41 - 65) 13 (11 - 17) 38 (29 - 52)
Nevada 71 (55 - 91) 17 (13 - 21) 54 (39 - 74)
New Hampshire 49 (38 - 62) 10   (8 - 12) 39 (29 - 52)
New Jersey 228 (178 - 290) 58 (46 - 72) 170 (125 - 230)
New Mexico 57 (45 - 73) 16 (13 - 20) 41 (30 - 56)
New York 556 (476 - 648) 155 (135 - 178) 400 (327 - 489)
North Carolina 257 (203 - 324) 64 (51 - 80) 192 (144 - 256)
North Dakota 18 (14 - 23) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 17)
Ohio 357 (310 - 411) 95   (84 - 106) 262 (218 - 315)
Oklahoma 126 (100 - 159) 28 (22 - 35) 98   (74 - 130)
Oregon 120   (95 - 152) 29 (24 - 36) 91   (68 - 121)
Pennsylvania 389 (336 - 451) 97   (84 - 112) 292 (243 - 351)
Rhode Island 34 (26 - 43) 9   (7 - 11) 25 (18 - 34)
South Carolina 131 (103 - 166) 32 (25 - 39) 100   (74 - 134)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 32) 6 (5 - 8) 19 (14 - 25)
Tennessee 179 (140 - 228) 41 (33 - 52) 138 (102 - 186)
Texas 529 (449 - 622) 181 (157 - 208) 348 (277 - 436)
Utah 87   (70 - 109) 29 (23 - 35) 59 (44 - 79)
Vermont 24 (19 - 31) 5 (4 - 7) 19 (14 - 25)
Virginia 238 (189 - 298) 64 (52 - 79) 174 (131 - 231)
Washington 223 (176 - 282) 50 (40 - 63) 173 (129 - 230)
West Virginia 59 (47 - 75) 12 (10 - 15) 47 (35 - 62)
Wisconsin 178 (139 - 226) 43 (34 - 53) 135 (100 - 182)
Wyoming 16 (13 - 20) 4 (3 - 5) 12   (9 - 17)
121013
Table 26 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2010 and 2011 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011 (2010 Data – Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 15,464 (14,889 - 16,062) 2,010 (1,928 - 2,094) 2,834 (2,721 - 2,952) 12,630 (12,068 - 13,219)
Northeast 2,802 (2,615 - 3,002) 334 (310 - 360) 504 (469 - 540) 2,299 (2,115 - 2,498)
Midwest 3,521 (3,327 - 3,724) 448 (424 - 474) 641 (608 - 677) 2,880 (2,689 - 3,082)
South 5,588 (5,281 - 5,913) 731 (691 - 774) 990   (934 - 1,049) 4,597 (4,299 - 4,917)
West 3,553 (3,298 - 3,828) 496 (458 - 537) 699 (648 - 755) 2,854 (2,606 - 3,124)
Alabama 272 (224 - 329) 29 (24 - 35) 45 (37 - 54) 227 (181 - 284)
Alaska 35 (28 - 42) 4 (4 - 5) 7 (6 - 9) 27 (21 - 35)
Arizona 337 (273 - 415) 47 (39 - 58) 63 (51 - 76) 274 (213 - 352)
Arkansas 166 (137 - 202) 20 (16 - 24) 27 (23 - 33) 139 (110 - 175)
California 1,655 (1,459 - 1,876) 258 (227 - 292) 355 (314 - 402) 1,300 (1,111 - 1,519)
Colorado 255 (211 - 307) 32 (26 - 39) 50 (42 - 60) 205 (163 - 256)
Connecticut 173 (141 - 211) 22 (18 - 27) 30 (24 - 36) 143 (112 - 182)
Delaware 46 (38 - 56) 6 (5 - 8) 9   (7 - 11) 37 (29 - 47)
District of Columbia 35 (29 - 41) 2 (2 - 3) 8 (6 - 9) 27 (22 - 34)
Florida 862 (759 - 978) 110   (97 - 124) 152 (134 - 173) 709 (610 - 824)
Georgia 482 (399 - 580) 70 (58 - 86) 90   (74 - 108) 392 (313 - 490)
Hawaii 55 (45 - 69) 8 (6 - 9) 11   (9 - 13) 45 (35 - 58)
Idaho 92   (76 - 112) 11   (9 - 14) 16 (14 - 20) 76 (60 - 95)
Illinois 614 (545 - 691) 87 (77 - 98) 120 (107 - 136) 493 (426 - 570)
Indiana 362 (297 - 440) 38 (31 - 47) 63 (52 - 76) 299 (236 - 377)
Iowa 176 (146 - 212) 18 (15 - 22) 30 (25 - 36) 147 (118 - 183)
Kansas 143 (120 - 171) 20 (16 - 24) 28 (23 - 33) 115   (93 - 143)
Kentucky 247 (202 - 300) 30 (25 - 36) 36 (29 - 44) 211 (167 - 264)
Louisiana 212 (175 - 257) 26 (22 - 32) 39 (33 - 47) 173 (137 - 218)
Maine 71 (58 - 86) 8   (7 - 10) 11   (9 - 13) 60 (47 - 75)
Maryland 289 (237 - 352) 34 (28 - 42) 49 (40 - 59) 240 (190 - 303)
Massachusetts 353 (294 - 423) 44 (36 - 53) 65 (54 - 78) 288 (230 - 358)
Michigan 516 (457 - 583) 78 (70 - 88) 101   (91 - 113) 415 (357 - 482)
Minnesota 246 (201 - 299) 37 (30 - 45) 50 (42 - 60) 196 (153 - 249)
Mississippi 150 (124 - 181) 18 (15 - 22) 24 (19 - 29) 126 (101 - 157)
Missouri 326 (269 - 394) 41 (34 - 49) 50 (41 - 60) 276 (221 - 343)
Montana 53 (45 - 63) 6 (5 - 7) 11   (9 - 13) 43 (34 - 52)
Nebraska 96   (80 - 115) 12 (10 - 15) 18 (15 - 21) 78 (63 - 97)
Nevada 125 (102 - 153) 18 (15 - 23) 21 (17 - 26) 104   (81 - 133)
New Hampshire 73 (60 - 89) 10   (8 - 12) 13 (11 - 16) 60 (47 - 76)
New Jersey 376 (305 - 463) 54 (44 - 66) 67 (55 - 82) 309 (240 - 396)
New Mexico 101   (82 - 123) 15 (12 - 18) 17 (14 - 21) 83   (65 - 106)
New York 983   (870 - 1,109) 108   (93 - 124) 173 (153 - 196) 810 (700 - 935)
North Carolina 445 (362 - 545) 54 (44 - 67) 77 (63 - 94) 368 (288 - 467)
North Dakota 32 (26 - 39) 4 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 9) 24 (19 - 31)
Ohio 681 (608 - 761) 75 (66 - 85) 110   (99 - 123) 570 (500 - 650)
Oklahoma 201 (166 - 242) 24 (20 - 30) 36 (30 - 44) 165 (132 - 206)
Oregon 221 (182 - 267) 25 (21 - 30) 40 (33 - 48) 181 (144 - 226)
Pennsylvania 679 (604 - 764) 79 (69 - 90) 126 (111 - 144) 553 (480 - 636)
Rhode Island 56 (46 - 69) 6 (5 - 8) 11   (9 - 13) 45 (35 - 58)
South Carolina 258 (209 - 316) 29 (23 - 35) 39 (32 - 47) 219 (172 - 278)
South Dakota 37 (30 - 45) 6 (5 - 7) 8   (6 - 10) 29 (23 - 37)
Tennessee 340 (282 - 409) 41 (34 - 50) 52 (43 - 63) 287 (231 - 356)
Texas 1,059   (933 - 1,200) 174 (154 - 197) 217 (190 - 246) 842 (722 - 982)
Utah 160 (134 - 190) 22 (18 - 27) 36 (30 - 43) 124 (100 - 154)
Vermont 37 (31 - 45) 3 (3 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 31 (25 - 39)
Virginia 413 (341 - 500) 52 (43 - 63) 77 (64 - 92) 336 (266 - 423)
Washington 433 (358 - 522) 46 (38 - 56) 65 (54 - 79) 367 (294 - 457)
West Virginia 112   (92 - 136) 11   (9 - 13) 15 (12 - 18) 97   (78 - 121)
Wisconsin 292 (240 - 356) 33 (27 - 41) 56 (46 - 68) 236 (185 - 299)
Wyoming 31 (26 - 37) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 25 (20 - 31)

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