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120420
Table 2.1A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2010)
Total
(2011)
Aged 12-13
(2010)
Aged 12-13
(2011)
Aged 14-15
(2010)
Aged 14-15
(2011)
Aged 16-17
(2010)
Aged 16-17
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,950 3,129 872 912 1,084 1,113 995 1,104
Outpatient 2,635a 2,842 767 821 980 1,008 888a 1,013
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
    Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
    Counselor
2,265 2,409 633 663 860 867 772 879
Mental Health Clinic or Center 547 547 138 126 196 190 213 231
Partial Day Hospital or Day
    Treatment Program
362 393 123 111 130 157 109 125
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
    Family Preservation Worker
674 767 197 249 274 277 203 241
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
588 602 173 180 221 228 193 194
Hospital 447 438 126 125 155 175 166 139
Residential Treatment Center 217 240 61 61 77 97 79 83
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
    Care Home
108 140 41 49 41 42 26 50
EDUCATION2,3 2,957 2,920 1,046 1,063 1,027 1,023 884 835
School Social Worker, School
    Psychologist, or School Counselor
2,214 2,188 793 798 782 759 639 631
Special School or Program
    within a Regular School for Students
    with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
1,054 1,063 371 371 362 389 321 303
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 601 619 158 179 233 207 211 233
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
1,253 1,283 422 372 453 459 377 452
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 80 103 17 17 25 35 37 51
120420
Table 2.1B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2010)
Total
(2011)
Aged 12-13
(2010)
Aged 12-13
(2011)
Aged 14-15
(2010)
Aged 14-15
(2011)
Aged 16-17
(2010)
Aged 16-17
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.3 12.7 11.2 11.8 13.7 13.3 11.9 13.0
Outpatient 10.9 11.5 9.9 10.6 12.3 12.0 10.6 11.9
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
    Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
    Counselor
9.4 9.8 8.1 8.6 10.8 10.3 9.2 10.3
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.3 2.2 1.8 1.6 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.7
Partial Day Hospital or Day
    Treatment Program
1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.9 1.3 1.5
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
    Family Preservation Worker
2.8 3.1 2.5 3.2 3.5 3.3 2.4 2.8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.8 2.7 2.3 2.3
Hospital 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.6
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.0
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
    Care Home
0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.6
EDUCATION2,3 12.4 11.9 13.6 13.9 13.0 12.3 10.6 9.8
School Social Worker, School
    Psychologist, or School Counselor
9.2 8.9 10.3 10.4 9.9 9.1 7.7 7.4
Special School or Program
    within a Regular School for Students
    with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
4.4 4.3 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.6 3.8 3.6
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.3 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.7
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
5.2 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.7 5.5 4.5 5.3
JUVENILE JUSTICE                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6
120420
Table 2.2A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 2,950 3,129 2,635a 2,842 588 602 2,957 2,920 601 619 1,253 1,283 80 103
GENDER                            
Male 1,250a 1,388 1,088a 1,216 283 330 1,335 1,362 258 271 486 521 52 49
Female 1,700 1,741 1,547 1,626 304 272 1,622 1,558 343 347 766 761 27a 54
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 872 912 767 821 173 180 1,046 1,063 158 179 422 372 17 17
14-15 1,084 1,113 980 1,008 221 228 1,027 1,023 233 207 453 459 25 35
16-17 995 1,104 888a 1,013 193 194 884 835 211 233 377 452 37 51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,421 2,544 2,178 2,328 485 481 2,390 2,334 507 519 1,014 1,061 65 78
White 1,867 1,893 1,727 1,761 325 287 1,636 1,548 407 383 791 779 41 39
Black or African American 383 416 296 351 130 149 541 516 69 74 153 186 18 32
American Indian or Alaska Native 17 21 14 18 4 6 17 20 4 7 6 7 2 2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 1 * * * 1 * 2 * * *
Asian 37a 81 29b 76 8 11 95 123 9 24 11a 43 0 1
Two or More Races 110 126 104 116 17 22 91 119 17 26 51 41 3 5
Hispanic or Latino 529 585 457 515 103 121 567 586 94 99 239 221 15 25
120420
Table 2.2B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 12.3 12.7 10.9 11.5 2.4 2.4 12.4 11.9 2.5 2.5 5.2 5.2 0.3 0.4
GENDER                            
Male 10.2 11.1 8.8 9.7 2.3 2.6 10.9 10.9 2.1 2.2 3.9 4.2 0.4 0.4
Female 14.5 14.5 13.1 13.5 2.6 2.3 13.9 13.0 2.9 2.9 6.5 6.3 0.2 0.4
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 11.2 11.8 9.9 10.6 2.2 2.3 13.6 13.9 2.0 2.3 5.4 4.8 0.2 0.2
14-15 13.7 13.3 12.3 12.0 2.8 2.7 13.0 12.3 2.9 2.5 5.7 5.5 0.3 0.4
16-17 11.9 13.0 10.6 11.9 2.3 2.3 10.6 9.8 2.5 2.7 4.5 5.3 0.4 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.6 13.2 11.3 12.1 2.5 2.5 12.5 12.1 2.6 2.7 5.3 5.5 0.3 0.4
White 13.4 13.8 12.4 12.8 2.3 2.1 11.8 11.3 2.9 2.8 5.7 5.7 0.3 0.3
Black or African American 10.9 12.1 8.4 10.2 3.7 4.3 15.5 15.0 2.0 2.1 4.3 5.4 0.5 0.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.9 15.5 10.7 13.7 3.4 4.1 13.5 14.9 2.9 5.0 4.5 4.8 1.7 1.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 1.2 * * * 0.9 * 2.5 * * *
Asian 3.5a 6.8 2.8a 6.3 0.7 0.9 9.2 10.3 0.9 2.0 1.1a 3.6 0.0 0.1
Two or More Races 21.2 17.9 20.1 16.5 3.3 3.1 17.6 17.0 3.2 3.7 9.8 5.9 0.5 0.6
Hispanic or Latino 10.9 11.0 9.4 9.7 2.1 2.3 11.9 11.2 1.9 1.9 4.9 4.2 0.3 0.5
120420
Table 2.3A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
9 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 2,950 3,129 2,635a 2,842 588 602 2,957 2,920 601 619 1,253 1,283 80 103
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 581 635 546 576 91a 129 623 583 117 113 276 281 7 13
Midwest 666 731 602 665 128 135 648 643 144 114 288 268 19 23
South 1,048 1,013 891 899 260 230 1,002 999 211 243 406 432 38 48
West 656 750 597 702 108 106 684 695 130 149 282 301 16 18
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 1,584 1,641 1,397 1,505 304 292 1,593 1,577 272a 346 672 695 33 56
Small Metro 933 1,019 854 935 186 189 943 876 216 179 395 397 30 32
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 637 722 573 661 131 137 621 607 151a 102 276 276 21 22
< 250K Pop. 296 297 281 274 56 52 321 270 64 78 120 121 9 10
Nonmetro 434 469 384 402 98 120 421 467 113 93 186 190 16 14
Urbanized 183 217 165 192 32 51 181 213 47 50 77 97 12 7
Less Urbanized 210 212 181 180 57 55 214 217 58a 35 95 77 4 6
Completely Rural 42 40 39 30 8 14 26 37 9 8 14 15 0 1
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 605 699 490a 602 206 207 662 740 116 149 268 315 29 37
100-199% 742 744 642 650 171 169 792 697 152 121 314 292 29 33
200% or More 1,604 1,687 1,503 1,590 211 225 1,503 1,483 333 348 671 676 21 33
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE9                            
Yes 896 924 753 792 272 270 940 959 167 186 395 393 37 45
No 2,054 2,205 1,882 2,051 316 331 2,017 1,961 433 433 858 890 43 58
120420
Table 2.3B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
8 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
9 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 12.3 12.7 10.9 11.5 2.4 2.4 12.4 11.9 2.5 2.5 5.2 5.2 0.3 0.4
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 13.9 15.0 13.0 13.6 2.2a 3.1 14.9 13.9 2.8 2.7 6.6 6.7 0.2 0.3
Midwest 12.6 13.6 11.4 12.4 2.4 2.5 12.3 12.0 2.7a 2.1 5.4 5.0 0.4 0.4
South 11.8 11.1 10.1 9.9 2.9 2.5 11.4 11.0 2.4 2.7 4.6 4.7 0.4 0.5
West 11.4 12.7 10.4 11.9 1.9 1.8 12.1 11.9 2.3 2.5 4.9 5.1 0.3 0.3
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 12.3 12.5 10.8 11.5 2.3 2.2 12.4 12.1 2.1 2.6 5.2 5.3 0.3 0.4
Small Metro 12.6 13.2 11.5 12.1 2.5 2.4 12.8a 11.4 2.9 2.3 5.3 5.1 0.4 0.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 12.8 13.6 11.5 12.5 2.6 2.6 12.6 11.5 3.0b 1.9 5.5 5.2 0.4 0.4
< 250K Pop. 12.1 12.2 11.4 11.2 2.3 2.1 13.1 11.1 2.6 3.2 4.9 5.0 0.4 0.4
Nonmetro 11.6 12.5 10.2 10.7 2.6 3.2 11.4 12.5 3.0 2.5 5.0 5.0 0.4 0.4
Urbanized 12.1 13.0 10.9 11.4 2.1 3.0 12.0 12.8 3.1 3.0 5.1 5.8 0.8 0.4
Less Urbanized 10.9 12.2 9.4 10.4 3.0 3.2 11.3 12.5 3.0 2.0 5.0 4.5 0.2 0.4
Completely Rural 13.2 11.2 12.4 8.7 2.5 4.1 8.6 10.6 2.7 2.3 4.4 4.2 0.1 0.2
POVERTY LEVEL8                            
Less Than 100% 12.8 13.6 10.3 11.7 4.3 4.0 14.1 14.5 2.5 2.9 5.7 6.1 0.6 0.7
100-199% 12.4 13.2 10.8 11.5 2.9 3.0 13.4 12.5 2.5 2.2 5.3 5.2 0.5 0.6
200% or More 12.0 12.2 11.2 11.5 1.6 1.6 11.3 10.7 2.5 2.5 5.0 4.9 0.2 0.2
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE9                            
Yes 15.6 14.6 13.1 12.5 4.7 4.2 16.5 15.2 2.9 2.9 6.9 6.2 0.6 0.7
No 11.2 12.1 10.3a 11.2 1.7 1.8 11.1 10.8 2.4 2.4 4.7 4.9 0.2 0.3
120420
Table 2.4A – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Service1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 2,950 3,129 2,635a 2,842 588 602 2,957 2,920 601 619 1,253 1,283
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 542 622 466 545 172 195 216 225 62 92 152 177
Felt Depressed 1,241 1,311 1,158 1,226 178 203 719 784 202 230 406 441
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 546a 642 521 607 62 78 347 362 82 96 167 212
Had Eating Problems 236 236 204 202 57 48 103 86 72 65 70 63
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 68 73 60 72 12 1 12 5 27 14 7 3
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 647 667 601 606 100 111 426 405 84 95 146 156
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 473 468 445 453 43 41 237 201 37 44 109 78
Got into Physical Fights 108 122 95 106 16 23 90 103 9 10 21 24
Had Problems with Home/Family 790 784 752 747 64 71 420 365 55 36 197 145
Had Problems with Friends 301 346 286 337 17 15 391 408 17 17 107 91
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 218 240 209 228 13 19 191 209 19 13 62 49
Had Problems at School 466 499 423 466 55 47 459 488 64 51 132 120
Some Other Reason10 218 264 203 242 21 30 206 169 66 66 54 46
120420
Table 2.4B – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Service1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 12.3 12.7 10.9 11.5 2.4 2.4 12.4 11.9 2.5 2.5 5.2 5.2
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 20.8 22.6 19.2 20.9 40.5 43.2 10.5 11.1 11.9a 17.7 13.8 16.1
Felt Depressed 47.5 47.3 47.5 46.8 42.3 45.5 34.8 38.6 38.9 44.2 37.7 40.1
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 21.0 23.4 21.5 23.3 14.8 17.6 16.8 17.8 15.8 18.4 15.3 19.1
Had Eating Problems 9.2 8.6 8.5 7.8 13.5 11.0 5.0 4.2 13.8 12.4 6.3 5.7
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.8 3.0 0.2 0.6 0.2 5.2 2.8 0.6 0.2
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 24.9 24.4 24.8 23.3 24.1 24.7 20.6 20.0 16.2 18.3 13.4 14.2
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 18.3 17.1 18.4 17.4 10.4 9.3 11.5 9.9 7.1 8.4 9.9 7.0
Got into Physical Fights 4.2 4.5 3.9 4.1 4.0 5.2 4.4 5.1 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1
Had Problems with Home/Family 30.5 28.6 31.1 28.7 15.4 16.1 20.4 18.0 10.7 6.9 17.9a 13.2
Had Problems with Friends 11.7 12.7 11.8 13.0 4.2 3.5 19.0 20.1 3.3 3.2 9.8 8.2
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 8.5 8.8 8.7 8.8 3.0 4.3 9.3 10.3 3.7 2.4 5.6 4.4
Had Problems at School 17.9 18.3 17.4 17.9 13.3 10.8 22.3 24.0 12.4 9.9 12.0 10.9
Some Other Reason10 8.5 9.7 8.4 9.3 5.2 6.9 10.0 8.3 12.7 12.7 4.9 4.1
120420
Table 2.5A – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 518 531 350 417 654 671 709 723 338a 434
Outpatient 422 443 317a 393 617 652 669 685 284a 367
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
    Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
    Counselor
432 459 280 322 614 612 545 564 170b 241
Mental Health Clinic or Center 121a 173 57 65 127 122 125 93 47 51
Partial Day Hospital or Day
    Treatment Program
126 120 35a 66 63 71 81 61 15 29
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
    Family Preservation Worker
191 185 89 116 148 162 130a 187 44 44
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight
  or Longer Stay)
167 174 74 63 107 89 97 121 71 73
Hospital 179 189 44 41 93a 61 71 87 23 24
Residential Treatment Center 78 73 23 25 38 35 31 55 34 32
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
    Care Home
* * * 18 * 8 8 12 * *
120420
Table 2.5B – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 20.2 19.1 13.6 15.0 25.5 24.2 27.6 26.0 13.2 15.6
Outpatient 18.3 17.4 13.7 15.5 26.7 25.7 29.0 27.0 12.3 14.4
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
    Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
    Counselor
21.2 20.9 13.7 14.6 30.1 27.9 26.7 25.6 8.3a 11.0
Mental Health Clinic or Center 25.3a 34.3 11.9 12.9 26.6 24.2 26.2a 18.5 9.9 10.0
Partial Day Hospital or Day
    Treatment Program
39.3 34.6 11.0a 19.0 19.8 20.5 25.3 17.5 4.7 8.4
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
    Family Preservation Worker
31.7 26.6 14.7 16.7 24.6 23.4 21.6 26.9 7.4 6.4
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight
  or Longer Stay)
32.3 33.5 14.4 12.2 20.8 17.0 18.8 23.2 13.7 14.0
Hospital 43.6 46.9 10.8 10.2 22.7a 15.2 17.3 21.6 5.6 6.0
Residential Treatment Center 38.2 33.2 11.3 11.3 18.5 15.8 15.3 25.0 16.7 14.5
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
    Care Home
* * * 15.0 * 7.2 8.2 10.0 * *
120425
Table 2.6A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 1,911 2,011 1,350 1,388 721 769 554 602
12 125 104 85 70 * * * *
13 205 208 147 147 68 66 45 53
14 305 318 203 228 109 120 90 104
15 401 393 276 259 162 138 125 95
16 445 515 299a 366 173 210 130 172
17 430 474 340 317 170 190 143 139
MALE 536 566 395 397 171 199 132 147
12 40 27 30 17 * * * *
13 42 46 32 34 * * * *
14 72 99 50 73 * * * *
15 91a 132 64 91 * * * *
16 134 123 92 91 36 * * *
17 158 139 127 91 60 41 * *
FEMALE 1,375 1,446 954 991 549 570 422 455
12 86 78 55 53 * * * *
13 163 162 115 114 56 48 * 39
14 232 219 152 154 85 90 72 77
15 310 261 213 169 135a 93 107a 63
16 311a 392 207a 274 136 158 103 134
17 273 334 212 227 110 149 92 111
120425
Table 2.6B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 8.0 8.2 5.7 5.7 37.8 38.4 41.1 43.5
12 3.4 2.9 2.3 2.0 * * * *
13 5.1 5.1 3.7 3.6 33.4 32.5 31.1 36.4
14 8.1 7.7 5.4 5.5 35.7 37.7 44.6 45.9
15 9.9 9.4 6.8 6.2 40.5 35.1 45.2 36.8
16 10.9 12.0 7.3 8.5 38.9 40.9 43.6 47.0
17 10.3 11.4 8.1 7.6 39.6 40.1 42.0 43.9
MALE 4.4 4.5 3.2 3.2 32.0 35.3 33.4 37.3
12 2.1 1.5 1.6 0.9 * * * *
13 2.0 2.2 1.6 1.6 * * * *
14 3.8 4.7 2.7 3.5 * * * *
15 4.3 6.1 3.0 4.2 * * * *
16 6.4 5.6 4.3 4.2 27.2 * * *
17 7.2 6.7 5.8 4.3 38.2 29.2 * *
FEMALE 11.9 12.1 8.2 8.3 40.1 39.5 44.3 45.9
12 4.8 4.4 3.1 3.0 * * * *
13 8.4 8.3 5.9 5.8 34.4 30.2 * 34.9
14 12.3 11.0 8.0 7.8 36.4 41.1 47.5 49.8
15 15.8 13.0 10.8a 8.4 43.6 35.5 50.3 37.4
16 15.7 18.5 10.5a 13.0 44.0 40.4 49.7 48.8
17 13.6 16.1 10.6 10.9 40.4 44.6 43.2 49.0
120425
Table 2.7A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 1,911 2,011 1,350 1,388 721 769 554 602
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,537 1,586 1,093 1,113 577 645 448 502
White 1,186 1,167 853 799 487 482 380 379
Black or African American 236 238 157 183 54b 97 42a 82
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 15 7 13 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1 * * * * * * *
Asian 57 90 44 60 * * * *
Two or More Races 48 75 30a 57 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 374 425 257 275 144 125 106 100
120425
Table 2.7B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons
with MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons
with MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 8.0 8.2 5.7 5.7 37.8 38.4 41.1 43.5
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.1 8.3 5.7 5.8 37.6 40.7 41.1 45.2
White 8.6 8.6 6.2 5.9 41.1 41.4 44.5 47.4
Black or African American 6.8 7.0 4.5 5.4 23.0b 41.0 26.9a 44.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.4 11.4 5.4 9.8 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.8 * * * * * * *
Asian 5.5 7.6 4.3 5.0 * * * *
Two or More Races 9.4 10.6 5.9 8.1 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 7.8 8.1 5.4 5.2 38.4 29.4 41.3 36.4
120425
Table 2.8A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 1,911 2,011 1,350 1,388 721 769 554 602
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 311 308 222 222 125 140 92 115
Midwest 423 449 309 300 177 193 149 145
South 742 705 522 502 269 262 197 204
West 436a 549 296 365 150 174 116 138
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 991 1,080 703 762 348 405 271 319
Small Metro 586 636 414 415 239 242 185 180
Nonmetro 334 295 233 211 134 122 98 103
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 337 411 260 300 114 155 90a 129
100-199% 528 494 357 348 206 193 150 150
200% or More 1,046 1,106 733 740 400 421 314 323
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 479 558 358 411 186 225 143 183
No 1,433 1,453 992 977 534 545 411 419
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 1,133 1,139 795 780 435 460 340 362
Medicaid/CHIP6 618 706 461 512 251 282 198 229
Other7 85 116 60 73 * * * *
No Coverage 169 152 110 104 51 * * *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 418 500 286 319 134 155 101 118
Very Good 819 888 577 607 294 356 233 271
Good 527 501 377 369 215 207 164 168
Fair/Poor 145 123 109 93 78 53 56 *
120425
Table 2.8B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2010)
Had MDE
(2011)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2010)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2011)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2010)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
4 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
5 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
6 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
7 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
8 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 8.0 8.2 5.7 5.7 37.8 38.4 41.1 43.5
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 7.5 7.4 5.4 5.3 40.4 45.4 41.7 52.0
Midwest 8.1 8.4 5.9 5.6 42.0 43.2 48.2 48.6
South 8.5 7.8 6.0 5.5 36.3 37.2 37.9 40.6
West 7.7a 9.4 5.2 6.2 34.4 31.9 39.0 37.9
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7.8 8.3 5.5 5.9 35.2 37.6 38.7 41.9
Small Metro 8.0 8.3 5.6 5.4 40.8 38.1 44.9 43.4
Nonmetro 9.0 7.9 6.3 5.7 40.0 41.8 41.9 49.1
POVERTY LEVEL3                
Less Than 100% 7.2 8.1 5.5 5.9 33.8 37.9 34.9 43.1
100-199% 9.0 8.9 6.1 6.2 39.1 39.1 42.0 43.2
200% or More 7.9 8.1 5.5 5.4 38.4 38.2 42.9 43.7
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE4                
Yes 8.4 8.9 6.3 6.5 39.0 40.4 40.1 44.5
No 7.9 8.0 5.5 5.4 37.4 37.6 41.5 43.0
HEALTH INSURANCE5                
Private 7.8 7.8 5.5 5.3 38.5 40.5 42.9 46.4
Medicaid/CHIP6 8.5 8.9 6.4 6.5 40.7 40.1 43.0 44.7
Other7 8.0 9.8 5.6 6.2 * * * *
No Coverage 9.0 9.1 5.9 6.2 30.4 * * *
OVERALL HEALTH8                
Excellent 5.2 5.9 3.6 3.8 32.2 30.9 35.4 37.0
Very Good 8.1 8.7 5.7 5.9 35.9 40.2 40.4 44.7
Good 10.9 10.3 7.8 7.6 40.7 41.3 43.5 45.6
Fair/Poor 17.5 13.9 13.2 10.5 54.1 43.4 51.7 *
120425
Table 2.9A – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Substance Total1
(2010)
Total1
(2011)
MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 4,745 4,735 709 724 3,902 3,893
Marijuana and Hashish 3,414 3,553 481 523 2,836 2,962
Cocaine 239 229 46 54 178 165
Crack 18 29 9 11 9 18
Heroin 28 54 10 11 18 36
Hallucinogens 747 648 147 122 570 499
LSD 136 159 24 30 103 113
PCP 35 39 8 12 26 26
Ecstasy 465 419 97 82 353 320
Inhalants 885 820 168 174 683 612
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 1,812 1,749 325 327 1,431 1,364
Pain Relievers 1,522 1,484 264 275 1,210 1,157
OxyContin® 235 219 33 54 187 159
Tranquilizers 466 475 103 124 345 345
Stimulants4 325 299 76 79 234 210
Methamphetamine4 98 106 20 28 73 73
Sedatives 111 84 31 20 72 62
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 2,758 2,565 498 476 2,182 2,001
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 459 440 59 81 388 349
Heavy Alcohol Use6 409 379 48 50 349 322
120425
Table 2.9B – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Substance Total1
(2010)
Total1
(2011)
MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 19.5 19.0 37.1 36.0 17.8 17.4
Marijuana and Hashish 14.0 14.2 25.2 26.0 12.9 13.2
Cocaine 1.0 0.9 2.4 2.7 0.8 0.7
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 3.1a 2.6 7.7 6.1 2.6 2.2
LSD 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.5 0.5 0.5
PCP 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 1.9 1.7 5.1 4.1 1.6 1.4
Inhalants 3.6 3.3 8.8 8.6 3.1 2.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 7.4 7.0 17.0 16.3 6.5 6.1
Pain Relievers 6.3 5.9 13.8 13.7 5.5 5.2
OxyContin® 1.0 0.9 1.7 2.7 0.9 0.7
Tranquilizers 1.9 1.9 5.4 6.1 1.6 1.5
Stimulants4 1.3 1.2 4.0 3.9 1.1 0.9
Methamphetamine4 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.4 0.3 0.3
Sedatives 0.5 0.3 1.6 1.0 0.3 0.3
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 11.3a 10.3 26.0 23.7 10.0a 8.9
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 1.9 1.8 3.1 4.0 1.8 1.6
Heavy Alcohol Use6 1.7 1.5 2.5 2.5 1.6 1.4
120425
Table 2.10A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2010)
Total1
(2011)
MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 620 631 152 153 441 455
Marijuana 462 470 86 96 359 354
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 242 224 84 89 143 125
Alcohol 407 359 104 84 287 262
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 138 117 42 39 91 75
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 889 874 213 199 637 642
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 1,154 1,157 273 247 835 876
Marijuana 868 879 154 158 674 695
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 471 437 163 143 286 279
Alcohol 1,109a 947 235 224 834a 700
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 477a 386 128 104 326 269
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 1,786 1,718 380 367 1,343 1,307
120425
Table 2.10B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Dependence or Abuse Total1
(2010)
Total1
(2011)
MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
No MDE
(2010)
No MDE
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 2.5 2.5 8.0 7.6 2.0 2.0
Marijuana 1.9 1.9 4.5 4.8 1.6 1.6
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.0 0.9 4.4 4.4 0.7 0.6
Alcohol 1.7 1.4 5.4 4.2 1.3 1.2
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.6 0.5 2.2 1.9 0.4 0.3
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 3.6 3.5 11.2 9.9 2.9 2.9
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 4.7 4.6 14.3 12.3 3.8 3.9
Marijuana 3.6 3.5 8.1 7.9 3.1 3.1
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 1.9 1.7 8.5 7.1 1.3 1.2
Alcohol 4.6b 3.8 12.3 11.2 3.8b 3.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 2.0a 1.5 6.7 5.2 1.5 1.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 7.3 6.9 19.9 18.2 6.1 5.8
120425
Table 2.11A – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2010)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a professional about depression in the past year, including those whose response to type of professional seen was unknown.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL3 663 720 520 571
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 622 669 492 535
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 151 162 127 129
Other Medical Doctor4 43 28 36 22
Psychologist 215 242 193 203
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 177 183 156 151
Social Worker 98 124 83 102
Counselor 383 424 301 352
Other Mental Health Professional5 52 67 50 61
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 44 62 38 51
ALTERNATIVE SERVICE PROFESSIONAL 101 137 80 105
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 91 130 71 101
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 13 11 11 8
OTHER PROFESSIONAL7 2 9 2 6
120425
Table 2.11B – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2010)
MDE
(2011)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2010)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a professional about depression in the past year, including those whose response to type of professional seen was unknown.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
HEALTH PROFESSIONAL 94.8 94.5 95.8 94.7
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 23.0 22.9 24.7 22.8
Other Medical Doctor4 6.6 4.0 7.0 3.9
Psychologist 32.8 34.2 37.5 35.9
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 26.9 25.8 30.4 26.7
Social Worker 14.9 17.6 16.1 18.1
Counselor 58.4 59.9 58.6 62.3
Other Mental Health Professional5 7.9 9.5 9.7 10.9
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 6.7 8.8 7.4 9.1
ALTERNATIVE SERVICE PROFESSIONAL 15.4 19.4 15.5 18.7
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 13.8 18.4 13.9 17.9
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 2.0 1.6 2.1 1.3
OTHER PROFESSIONAL7 0.4 1.3 0.5 1.2
120425
Table 2.12A – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2010 and 2011
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2011)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2010)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
NOTE: Health Professionals include general practitioner or family doctor; other medical doctor (e.g., cardiologist, gynecologist, urologist); psychologist; psychiatrist or psychotherapist; social worker; counselor; other mental health professional (e.g., mental health nurse or other therapist where type is not specified); and nurse, occupational therapist, or other health professional.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 682 724 370 397 58 52 252 272
GENDER                
Male 158 188 75 100 20 23 64 63
Female 523 536 295 297 38 29 188 209
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 546 604 280 313 45 49 220 240
White 462 448 218 211 44 39 198 197
Black or African American 51a 91 42 56 * 7 10a 28
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 136 120 89 84 12 3 32 32
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 113 151 63 83 2 10 46 58
100-199% 191 186 94 103 29 15 68 67
200% or More 377 387 212 210 27 28 138 147
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 182 214 99 104 12 17 69 92
No 500 510 271 293 45 35 183 179
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 412 426 204 219 41 36 164 167
Medicaid/CHIP4 243 269 127 151 14 15 102 103
Other5 * * * 20 * * * *
No Coverage 44 * 30 * 2 * 11 9
120425
Table 2.12B – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2010 and 2011
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
Only
(2011)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2010)
Used
Prescription
Medication and
Did Not See or
Talk to Health
Professional
(2011)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2010)
Saw or Talked
to Health
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2011)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
NOTE: Health Professionals include general practitioner or family doctor; other medical doctor (e.g., cardiologist, gynecologist, urologist); psychologist; psychiatrist or psychotherapist; social worker; counselor; other mental health professional (e.g., mental health nurse or other therapist where type is not specified); and nurse, occupational therapist, or other health professional.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
2 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
3 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
4 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
5 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2010 and 2011.
TOTAL 35.8 36.3 19.4 19.9 3.0 2.6 13.2 13.6
GENDER                
Male 29.6 33.6 14.0 17.8 3.7 4.2 11.9 11.1
Female 38.3 37.4 21.6 20.7 2.7 2.0 13.7 14.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 35.7 38.4 18.3 19.9 2.9 3.1 14.3 15.2
White 39.1 38.7 18.5 18.2 3.7 3.3 16.7 16.9
Black or African American 22.1b 38.8 18.0 23.7 * 3.1 4.1a 11.9
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian * * * * * * * *
Two or More Races * * * * * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 36.2 28.4 23.9 19.9 3.3 0.8 8.6 7.4
POVERTY LEVEL1                
Less Than 100% 33.6 37.2 18.8 20.4 0.6 2.4 13.7 14.2
100-199% 36.4 37.9 18.0 21.0 5.4 3.0 12.9 13.6
200% or More 36.3 35.3 20.4 19.1 2.6 2.5 13.2 13.3
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE2                
Yes 38.1 39.0 20.7 18.9 2.6 3.1 14.4 16.6
No 35.1 35.3 19.0 20.2 3.2 2.4 12.8 12.4
HEALTH INSURANCE3                
Private 36.6 37.7 18.1 19.4 3.7 3.2 14.5 14.7
Medicaid/CHIP4 39.4 38.7 20.6 21.7 2.3 2.2 16.5 14.6
Other5 * * * 17.2 * * * *
No Coverage 26.1 * 17.9 * 1.3 * 6.8 6.1
120430
Table 2.13A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2011
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2011.
TOTAL 2,225a 2,191a 1,970 2,016 2,027 1,954 1,911 2,011
AGE                
12-13 445b 417b 383 337 366 330 330 312
14-15 783 811 684 705 706 741 706 710
16-17 997 964 902 974 955 883 876 989
GENDER                
Male 637 571 539 586 540 577 536 566
Female 1,588a 1,620a 1,431 1,430 1,487 1,377 1,375 1,446
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,848b 1,802b 1,614 1,691 1,681 1,594 1,537 1,586
White 1,413b 1,390b 1,220 1,284 1,266 1,180 1,186 1,167
Black or African American 287 288 245 292 261 285 236 238
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 10 12 7 13 9 10 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1 *
Asian 82 63 77 66 73 73 57 90
Two or More Races 51 41a 52 41a 59 41a 48 75
Hispanic or Latino 377 389 356 325a 347 360 374 425
120430
Table 2.13B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2011
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2011.
TOTAL 9.0a 8.8 7.9 8.2 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.2
AGE                
12-13 5.4b 5.2a 4.9 4.3 4.9 4.6 4.3 4.1
14-15 9.2 9.5 7.9 8.4 8.5 8.8 9.0 8.6
16-17 12.3 11.5 10.7 11.5 11.2 10.4 10.6 11.7
GENDER                
Male 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.4 4.5
Female 13.1 13.3a 11.8 11.9 12.5 11.7 11.9 12.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.7 7.9 8.4 8.5 8.2 8.1 8.3
White 9.2 9.1 8.2 8.7 8.8 8.4 8.6 8.6
Black or African American 7.7 7.6 6.4 7.8 7.1 7.9 6.8 7.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.8 6.1 9.3 4.6 10.1 7.5 7.4 11.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * 1.8 *
Asian 8.3 6.0 7.7 6.6 7.7 7.6 5.5 7.6
Two or More Races 11.7 10.5 13.0 9.9 12.0 8.0 9.4 10.6
Hispanic or Latino 9.1 9.1 8.0 7.1 7.5 7.7 7.8 8.1
120425
Table 2.14A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,934 3,104 3,378a 3,394a 3,291 3,121 3,158 2,940 2,950 3,129
Outpatient 2,662 2,795 3,015 3,048a 2,931 2,787 2,837 2,650 2,635a 2,842
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
    Social Worker, or Counselor
2,254 2,347 2,523 2,573 2,416 2,365 2,408 2,296 2,265 2,409
Mental Health Clinic or Center 611 635a 716b 657a 587 583 567 537 547 547
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
    Program
440 425 439 449 471a 416 374 340 362 393
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
    Preservation Worker
693 656a 762 731 719 707 716 657a 674 767
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
  Stay)
588 626 705a 696 669 630 607 571 588 602
Hospital 422 467 515 529a 516 511 469 440 447 438
Residential Treatment Center 224 233 299 229 225 199 198 213 217 240
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 157 179 158 143 129 114 118 92a 108 140
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2,931 2,957 2,920
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or
    School Counselor
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2,286 2,214 2,188
Special School or Program within a Regular
    School for Students with Emotional or
    Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 975 1,054 1,063
MEDICAL                    
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 657 732a 840b 810b 694 692 710 605 601 619
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 1,195 1,253 1,283
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                    
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 109 80 103
120425
Table 2.14B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available prior to 2009.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.5 13.5 13.5 13.1 12.5 12.8 12.1 12.3 12.7
Outpatient 10.8 11.3 12.1 12.1 11.7 11.2 11.5 10.9 10.9 11.5
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
    Social Worker, or Counselor
9.2 9.5 10.1 10.2 9.6 9.5 9.8 9.4 9.4 9.8
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.5 2.6a 2.9b 2.6a 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
    Program
1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.6
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
    Preservation Worker
2.8 2.6a 3.0 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.7a 2.8 3.1
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
  Stay)
2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4
Hospital 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1a 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4a 0.4 0.6
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 12.1 12.4 11.9
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or
    School Counselor
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 9.4 9.2 8.9
Special School or Program within a Regular
    School for Students with Emotional or
    Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.0 4.4 4.3
MEDICAL                    
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.7 2.9a 3.4b 3.2b 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.5 2.5 2.5
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 4.9 5.2 5.2
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                    
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.4 0.3 0.4

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