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100506
Table 7.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255b 110,205b 110,057b 112,085b 111,774b 114,275b 117,325 118,705
Marijuana and Hashish 94,946b 96,611b 96,772b 97,545b 97,825b 100,518b 102,404 104,446
Cocaine 33,910b 34,891a 34,153b 33,673b 35,298 35,882 36,773 36,599
Crack 8,402 7,949 7,840 7,928 8,554 8,581 8,445 8,359
Heroin 3,668 3,744 3,145 3,534 3,785 3,780 3,788 3,683
Hallucinogens 34,314b 34,363b 34,333b 33,728b 35,281a 34,215b 35,963 37,256
LSD 24,516 24,424 23,398 22,433 23,346 22,656 23,547 23,635
PCP 7,418b 7,107a 6,762 6,603 6,618 6,140 6,631 6,239
Ecstasy 10,150b 10,904b 11,130b 11,495b 12,262b 12,426b 12,924b 14,234
Inhalants 22,870 22,995 22,798 22,745 22,879 22,477 22,274 22,448
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 47,958b 49,001b 49,157a 49,571a 50,965 50,415 51,970 51,771
Pain Relievers 29,611b 31,207b 31,768b 32,692b 33,472a 33,060a 34,861 35,046
OxyContin® 1,924b 2,832b 3,072b 3,481b 4,098b 4,354b 4,842b 5,829
Tranquilizers 19,267b 20,220a 19,852b 21,041 21,303 20,208a 21,476 21,755
Stimulants3 23,496a 23,004 22,297 20,983 22,468 21,654 21,206 21,930
Methamphetamine3 15,365b 15,139b 14,512b 12,663 14,206a 13,065 12,598 12,837
Sedatives 9,960b 9,510 9,891a 8,982 8,822 8,396 8,882 8,605
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 70,300b 71,128b 70,657b 71,822b 72,906a 73,494 75,573 75,780
100506
Table 7.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0 46.4 45.8a 46.1 45.4b 46.1 47.0 47.1
Marijuana and Hashish 40.4a 40.6 40.2a 40.1a 39.8b 40.6 41.0 41.5
Cocaine 14.4 14.7 14.2 13.8 14.3 14.5 14.7 14.5
Crack 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Hallucinogens 14.6 14.5 14.3 13.9a 14.3 13.8b 14.4 14.8
LSD 10.4b 10.3b 9.7 9.2 9.5 9.1 9.4 9.4
PCP 3.2b 3.0b 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.5
Ecstasy 4.3b 4.6b 4.6b 4.7b 5.0b 5.0b 5.2a 5.7
Inhalants 9.7b 9.7b 9.5a 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.4 20.6 20.4 20.4 20.7 20.3 20.8 20.6
Pain Relievers 12.6b 13.1a 13.2a 13.4 13.6 13.3 14.0 13.9
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.4b 1.7b 1.8b 1.9b 2.3
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.6 8.6
Stimulants3 10.0b 9.7b 9.3 8.6 9.1 8.7 8.5 8.7
Methamphetamine3 6.5b 6.4b 6.0b 5.2 5.8b 5.3 5.0 5.1
Sedatives 4.2b 4.0b 4.1b 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9 29.9 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 30.3 30.1
100506
Table 7.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132b 34,993b 34,807b 35,041b 35,775b 35,692b 35,525b 37,954
Marijuana and Hashish 25,755b 25,231b 25,451b 25,375b 25,378b 25,085b 25,768b 28,521
Cocaine 5,902b 5,908b 5,658b 5,523a 6,069b 5,738b 5,255 4,797
Crack 1,554b 1,406a 1,304 1,381a 1,479b 1,451b 1,109 1,016
Heroin 404a 314b 398a 379a 560 366a 453 605
Hallucinogens 4,749 3,936b 3,878b 3,809b 3,956a 3,762b 3,678b 4,509
LSD 999b 558b 592b 563b 666 620a 802 779
PCP 235b 219b 210a 164 187 137 99 122
Ecstasy 3,167a 2,119b 1,915b 1,960b 2,130b 2,132b 2,139b 2,799
Inhalants 2,084 2,075 2,255 2,187 2,218 2,080 2,047 2,090
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14,795a 15,163 14,849a 15,346 16,482 16,280 15,166 16,006
Pain Relievers 10,992b 11,671 11,256b 11,815 12,649 12,466 11,885 12,405
OxyContin® -- -- 1,213b 1,226b 1,323a 1,422 1,459 1,677
Tranquilizers 4,849 5,051 5,068 5,249 5,058 5,282 5,103 5,460
Stimulants3 3,380 3,031 3,254 3,088 3,791b 2,998 2,639a 3,060
Methamphetamine3 1,755b 1,602b 1,808b 1,603b 1,889b 1,343 850a 1,165
Sedatives 981 831 737 750 926 864 621 811
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423 20,305 19,658a 20,109 21,254 21,144 19,990 21,000
100506
Table 7.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.4a 14.5 14.4 14.2b 15.1
Marijuana and Hashish 11.0 10.6a 10.6b 10.4b 10.3b 10.1b 10.3b 11.3
Cocaine 2.5b 2.5b 2.4b 2.3b 2.5b 2.3b 2.1 1.9
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5a 0.6b 0.6b 0.6b 0.4 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.1b 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.1a 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.0a 1.7 1.6a 1.6b 1.6a 1.5b 1.5b 1.8
LSD 0.4b 0.2b 0.2a 0.2b 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.3b 0.9b 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 0.9b 0.9b 1.1
Inhalants 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.7 6.6 6.1 6.4
Pain Relievers 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5b 0.5b 0.5a 0.6 0.6 0.7
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2
Stimulants3 1.4a 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5b 1.2 1.1a 1.2
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.5 0.3a 0.5
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.0 8.3
100506
Table 7.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522b 19,470b 19,071b 19,720b 20,357a 19,857b 20,077b 21,813
Marijuana and Hashish 14,584b 14,638b 14,576b 14,626b 14,813b 14,448b 15,203b 16,718
Cocaine 2,020a 2,281b 2,021a 2,397b 2,421b 2,075a 1,855 1,637
Crack 567 604 467 682 702 610 359 492
Heroin 166 119 166 136 338 153 213 195
Hallucinogens 1,196 1,042 929b 1,088 1,006a 996a 1,060 1,258
LSD 112 133 141 104 130 145 154 158
PCP 58 56 49 48 30 41 24 53
Ecstasy 676 470b 450b 502b 528b 503b 555a 760
Inhalants 635 570 638 611 761a 616 640 560
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,287a 6,451 6,110a 6,491 7,095 6,895 6,224a 6,953
Pain Relievers 4,377b 4,693 4,404b 4,658a 5,220 5,174 4,747 5,257
OxyContin® -- -- 325b 334a 276b 369 435 510
Tranquilizers 1,804 1,830 1,616a 1,817 1,766 1,835 1,800 2,010
Stimulants3 1,303 1,310 1,312 1,188 1,385 1,053 904b 1,290
Methamphetamine3 683 726a 706a 628 731a 529 314a 502
Sedatives 436 294 265 272 385 346 234a 370
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,777 8,849 8,247a 8,963 9,615 9,270 8,565 9,157
100506
Table 7.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8.3 8.2 7.9b 8.1a 8.3 8.0a 8.0b 8.7
Marijuana and Hashish 6.2a 6.2a 6.1b 6.0b 6.0b 5.8b 6.1b 6.6
Cocaine 0.9b 1.0b 0.8b 1.0b 1.0b 0.8a 0.7 0.7
Crack 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4 0.4b 0.4 0.4a 0.4a 0.4 0.5
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.2a 0.2b 0.2a 0.3
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.5a 2.8
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9 2.1
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1a 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Stimulants3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4b 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3a 0.3a 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.1a 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.4 3.6
100506
Table 7.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,642b 7,631b 7,566b 7,022b 7,009b 6,621 6,520 6,589
Marijuana and Hashish 5,104b 4,888b 4,788b 4,402 4,394 4,084 4,108 4,180
Cocaine 670b 648b 611b 582b 570b 542b 472 402
Crack 163b 157b 125b 108b 128b 106b 79 58
Heroin 94a 80 78 60 60 54 68 56
Hallucinogens 1,419b 1,250b 1,160a 998 986 896a 973 1,012
LSD 670b 397b 313a 288 218 200 268 249
PCP 233b 204b 175b 182b 128 104 102 99
Ecstasy 820b 603 523 399b 474a 446b 531 572
Inhalants 2,605b 2,670b 2,762b 2,658b 2,561b 2,422 2,307 2,267
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,402b 3,372b 3,403b 3,019a 3,171b 2,949 2,772 2,796
Pain Relievers 2,775b 2,798b 2,879b 2,517 2,647b 2,452 2,346 2,378
OxyContin® 224b 254b 305a 276b 342 360 341 378
Tranquilizers 834b 874b 816a 766 740 748 718 693
Stimulants3 1,112b 1,046b 906b 870b 930b 732b 670 582
Methamphetamine3 416b 382b 346b 319b 341b 222 195 185
Sedatives 238 249 251 232 224 214 203 224
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,286b 5,319b 5,355b 4,944b 4,949b 4,637 4,488 4,474
100506
Table 7.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 30.9b 30.5b 30.0b 27.7 27.6 26.2 26.2 26.8
Marijuana and Hashish 20.6b 19.6b 19.0b 17.4 17.3 16.2 16.5 17.0
Cocaine 2.7b 2.6b 2.4b 2.3b 2.2b 2.1b 1.9 1.6
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5b 0.4b 0.5b 0.4b 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.4a 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.7b 5.0b 4.6 3.9 3.9 3.5a 3.9 4.1
LSD 2.7b 1.6b 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8a 1.1 1.0
PCP 0.9b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Ecstasy 3.3b 2.4 2.1 1.6b 1.9b 1.8b 2.1 2.3
Inhalants 10.5b 10.7b 11.0b 10.5b 10.1a 9.6 9.3 9.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.7b 13.5b 13.5b 11.9 12.5b 11.7 11.1 11.4
Pain Relievers 11.2b 11.2b 11.4b 9.9 10.4a 9.7 9.4 9.7
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.0b 1.2a 1.1b 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5
Tranquilizers 3.4b 3.5b 3.2a 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8
Stimulants3 4.5b 4.2b 3.6b 3.4b 3.7b 2.9b 2.7 2.4
Methamphetamine3 1.7b 1.5b 1.4b 1.3b 1.3b 0.9 0.8 0.8
Sedatives 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.4b 21.3b 21.2b 19.5b 19.5b 18.4 18.0 18.2
100506
Table 7.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,494b 5,455b 5,300b 5,041 4,971 4,726 4,726 4,809
Marijuana and Hashish 3,905b 3,745b 3,656b 3,383 3,348 3,147 3,238 3,339
Cocaine 508b 438b 411b 423b 411b 383b 305 240
Crack 100b 95b 63b 54a 73b 65b 33 28
Heroin 51 36 48 37 37 23 42 34
Hallucinogens 945b 778 753 665 650 627a 690 735
LSD 314b 149 157 150 106 125 183 142
PCP 110b 89b 72 85a 59 55 61 47
Ecstasy 547b 329a 310b 256b 306b 329a 353 416
Inhalants 1,078a 1,119a 1,168b 1,144b 1,110a 994 978 956
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,285b 2,295b 2,228b 2,101a 2,181b 2,034 1,913 1,885
Pain Relievers 1,870b 1,917b 1,865b 1,741 1,818b 1,681 1,608 1,616
OxyContin® -- -- 194 187 199 232 223 223
Tranquilizers 568a 586b 532 497 483 506 482 460
Stimulants3 665b 578b 507b 506b 547b 416a 374 333
Methamphetamine3 245b 185b 177b 178b 185b 118 94 85
Sedatives 138 131 133 118 110 111 113 126
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3,338b 3,351b 3,269b 3,129b 3,146b 2,914 2,850 2,835
100506
Table 7.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.2b 21.8b 21.0b 19.9 19.6 18.7 19.0 19.5
Marijuana and Hashish 15.8b 15.0b 14.5a 13.3 13.2 12.5b 13.0 13.6
Cocaine 2.1b 1.8b 1.6b 1.7b 1.6b 1.5b 1.2 1.0
Crack 0.4b 0.4b 0.3b 0.2a 0.3b 0.3b 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.8b 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.6a 2.5a 2.8 3.0
LSD 1.3b 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4a 0.5 0.7 0.6
PCP 0.4b 0.4b 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.2b 1.3a 1.2b 1.0b 1.2b 1.3a 1.4 1.7
Inhalants 4.4 4.5a 4.6b 4.5a 4.4a 3.9 3.9 3.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.2b 9.2b 8.8b 8.3 8.6b 8.1 7.7 7.7
Pain Relievers 7.6b 7.7b 7.4b 6.9 7.2a 6.7 6.5 6.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.3a 2.3b 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9
Stimulants3 2.7b 2.3b 2.0b 2.0b 2.2b 1.6a 1.5 1.4
Methamphetamine3 1.0b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.3
Sedatives 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.5b 13.4b 13.0b 12.3a 12.4a 11.5 11.4 11.5
100506
Table 7.6A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,878b 2,811b 2,674a 2,511 2,481 2,409 2,304 2,471
Marijuana and Hashish 2,023b 1,971a 1,909 1,730 1,689 1,686 1,657 1,799
Cocaine 146b 153b 126b 142b 110a 104 97 69
Crack 26 32b 16 25a 12 16 7 8
Heroin 11 18 15 15 16 3a 14 13
Hallucinogens 255 260 211 205 181 175 242 217
LSD 61 51 38 32 31 30 50 35
PCP 23 20 11 17 12 9 14 12
Ecstasy 124 91 77 74a 82 65b 105 115
Inhalants 301 320a 312 313a 340b 295 268 245
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 986b 997b 914b 838 844 829 710 772
Pain Relievers 794b 801b 751a 686 690 669 567 653
OxyContin® -- -- 66 34b 28b 47 49 69
Tranquilizers 188 226b 161 161 126 182 150 143
Stimulants3 208b 222b 180a 172 171 127 113 129
Methamphetamine3 71a 70a 58 72a 53 34 29 36
Sedatives 47 47 26 27 45 34 35 40
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,421b 1,417b 1,328b 1,253a 1,251a 1,181 1,091 1,119
100506
Table 7.6B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6b 11.2b 10.6 9.9 9.8 9.5 9.3a 10.0
Marijuana and Hashish 8.2b 7.9 7.6 6.8 6.7a 6.7 6.7a 7.3
Cocaine 0.6b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.4a 0.4 0.4 0.3
Crack 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0a 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3a 0.3a 0.3 0.3b 0.4 0.5
Inhalants 1.2 1.3a 1.2 1.2 1.3a 1.2 1.1 1.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.0b 4.0b 3.6a 3.3 3.3 3.3 2.9 3.1
Pain Relievers 3.2b 3.2b 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.3a 2.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1b 0.1b 0.2 0.2 0.3
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.9b 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7a 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.7b 5.7b 5.3b 4.9 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.5
100506
Table 7.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,562b 19,195 19,043a 19,222 19,311 18,795b 18,644b 19,510
Marijuana and Hashish 16,680b 17,103 16,983a 17,032a 17,157 16,620b 16,593b 17,544
Cocaine 4,786 4,755 4,893 4,905 5,130 4,917 4,730 4,964
Crack 1,182b 1,193b 1,135a 1,145b 1,176b 980 904 961
Heroin 487 516 529 496 511 493 457a 573
Hallucinogens 7,517b 7,377b 6,855b 6,820a 6,614 6,287 5,836b 6,365
LSD 4,928b 4,450b 3,900b 3,417b 2,925b 2,374 2,145 2,294
PCP 834b 948b 737b 716b 637b 539 513 468
Ecstasy 4,674b 4,683b 4,439 4,464a 4,382 4,191 3,992 4,168
Inhalants 4,867b 4,729b 4,516b 4,333b 4,089b 3,690 3,411 3,581
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,778b 9,360a 9,564 9,990 10,051 9,790 9,626 9,819
Pain Relievers 6,854b 7,513b 7,813 8,279 8,342 8,128 8,042 8,156
OxyContin® 820b 1,145b 1,376b 1,616b 1,676b 1,706b 1,736b 2,084
Tranquilizers 3,473b 3,898b 3,919b 4,356 4,274 4,147 4,033 4,291
Stimulants3 3,796 3,873a 3,892a 4,008b 3,922b 3,574 3,460 3,555
Methamphetamine3 2,301b 2,192b 2,247b 2,190b 2,102b 1,844b 1,544 1,511
Sedatives 648a 565 627 650a 609 583 506 523
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 12,436 12,770 12,630 12,800 12,940 12,555 12,064a 12,499
100506
Table 7.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 59.8a 60.5b 59.2 59.2 59.0 57.4 56.6a 58.1
Marijuana and Hashish 53.8a 53.9a 52.8 52.4 52.4 50.8a 50.4b 52.2
Cocaine 15.4 15.0 15.2 15.1 15.7 15.0 14.4 14.8
Crack 3.8b 3.8b 3.5b 3.5b 3.6b 3.0 2.7 2.9
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4a 1.7
Hallucinogens 24.2b 23.3b 21.3b 21.0b 20.2a 19.2 17.7a 19.0
LSD 15.9b 14.0b 12.1b 10.5b 8.9b 7.3 6.5 6.8
PCP 2.7b 3.0b 2.3b 2.2b 1.9b 1.6 1.6 1.4
Ecstasy 15.1b 14.8b 13.8b 13.7b 13.4a 12.8 12.1 12.4
Inhalants 15.7b 14.9b 14.0b 13.3b 12.5b 11.3 10.4 10.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 28.3 29.5 29.7 30.8a 30.7a 29.9 29.2 29.2
Pain Relievers 22.1b 23.7 24.3 25.5a 25.5a 24.8 24.4 24.3
OxyContin® 2.6b 3.6b 4.3b 5.0b 5.1b 5.2b 5.3b 6.2
Tranquilizers 11.2b 12.3 12.2 13.4 13.1 12.7 12.2 12.8
Stimulants3 12.2b 12.2b 12.1b 12.3b 12.0b 10.9 10.5 10.6
Methamphetamine3 7.4b 6.9b 7.0b 6.7b 6.4b 5.6b 4.7 4.5
Sedatives 2.1b 1.8 1.9a 2.0b 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 40.1b 40.2b 39.2b 39.4b 39.5b 38.4 36.6 37.2
100506
Table 7.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11,000b 10,976b 10,913b 11,117b 11,252b 10,864b 11,021b 12,094
Marijuana and Hashish 9,238b 9,044b 8,963b 9,111b 9,169b 8,985b 9,087b 10,259
Cocaine 2,087b 2,098b 2,134b 2,247b 2,259b 2,084b 1,820 1,773
Crack 266b 275b 263b 328b 293b 248a 214 169
Heroin 122a 96b 118a 159 147 142 145 175
Hallucinogens 2,610 2,112b 1,944b 2,051b 2,147a 2,048b 2,108b 2,409
LSD 553 336b 317b 322b 379b 375b 503 515
PCP 95b 117b 100b 57 76b 58 30 34
Ecstasy 1,784b 1,164b 999b 998b 1,233a 1,154b 1,287 1,448
Inhalants 685 662 674 685 577 526 533 626
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4,452b 4,637a 4,807 4,915 5,121 4,913 4,868 5,027
Pain Relievers 3,540b 3,803 3,834 4,030 4,070 3,970 3,941 4,000
OxyContin® -- -- 562b 559b 574b 566b 598b 759
Tranquilizers 1,509b 1,682 1,658 1,796 1,785 1,699 1,756 1,787
Stimulants3 1,233 1,197 1,280 1,242 1,375 1,134 1,113 1,223
Methamphetamine3 619b 594b 619b 576b 552b 404a 269 301
Sedatives 162 156 163 191 185 172 175 159
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,277a 6,266a 6,201a 6,467 6,627 6,370 6,227a 6,652
100506
Table 7.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35.5 34.6a 33.9b 34.2b 34.4a 33.2b 33.5b 36.0
Marijuana and Hashish 29.8 28.5b 27.8b 28.0b 28.0b 27.5b 27.6b 30.6
Cocaine 6.7b 6.6b 6.6b 6.9b 6.9b 6.4b 5.5 5.3
Crack 0.9b 0.9b 0.8b 1.0b 0.9b 0.8b 0.6 0.5
Heroin 0.4 0.3b 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Hallucinogens 8.4b 6.7 6.0b 6.3b 6.6 6.3b 6.4a 7.2
LSD 1.8 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 1.2a 1.1b 1.5 1.5
PCP 0.3b 0.4b 0.3b 0.2 0.2b 0.2 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 5.8b 3.7b 3.1b 3.1b 3.8a 3.5b 3.9 4.3
Inhalants 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.1 15.6 15.0 14.8 15.0
Pain Relievers 11.4 12.0 11.9 12.4 12.4 12.1 12.0 11.9
OxyContin® -- -- 1.7b 1.7b 1.8b 1.7b 1.8b 2.3
Tranquilizers 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.3
Stimulants3 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.2a 3.5 3.4 3.6
Methamphetamine3 2.0b 1.9b 1.9b 1.8b 1.7b 1.2a 0.8 0.9
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.2 19.7 19.3 19.9 20.2 19.5 18.9 19.8
100506
Table 7.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,264b 6,435b 6,239b 6,543b 6,482b 6,464b 6,465b 7,124
Marijuana and Hashish 5,376b 5,400b 5,196b 5,388b 5,322b 5,378b 5,426b 6,082
Cocaine 631b 696b 692b 832b 729b 573a 507 462
Crack 52 55 80a 104b 72a 56 53 39
Heroin 39 25b 43 59 54 48 74 65
Hallucinogens 589 545 477a 503a 563 475a 549 617
LSD 36b 67 83 60 58 70 97 96
PCP 15 30a 17a 11 14 15 4 5
Ecstasy 355 230b 231b 267b 326 229b 304 377
Inhalants 150 134 144 146 129 130 104 148
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,698b 1,922 1,978 2,046 2,115 1,949 1,943 2,119
Pain Relievers 1,262b 1,486 1,504 1,535 1,620 1,517 1,502 1,600
OxyContin® -- -- 142 146 139 155 129 175
Tranquilizers 487a 525 566 606 647 571 569 616
Stimulants3 409 412 479 468 456 352 348 421
Methamphetamine3 183b 197b 220b 225b 183b 116 74 83
Sedatives 49 58 49 74 54 72 64 84
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,459b 2,665 2,619 2,850 2,904 2,643 2,586 2,794
100506
Table 7.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2 20.3 19.4b 20.1 19.8a 19.7b 19.6b 21.2
Marijuana and Hashish 17.3 17.0a 16.1b 16.6b 16.3b 16.4b 16.5b 18.1
Cocaine 2.0b 2.2b 2.1b 2.6b 2.2b 1.7a 1.5 1.4
Crack 0.2 0.2 0.3a 0.3b 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.9 1.7 1.5a 1.5 1.7 1.5a 1.7 1.8
LSD 0.1b 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.1a 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1 0.7b 0.7b 0.8a 1.0 0.7b 0.9 1.1
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.5b 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.3
Pain Relievers 4.1b 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.8
OxyContin® -- -- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.8
Stimulants3 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.3
Methamphetamine3 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6b 0.4 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.9 8.4 8.1 8.8 8.9 8.1 7.8 8.3
100506
Table 7.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 82,051b 83,380b 83,448b 85,841b 85,454b 88,858b 92,161 92,607
Marijuana and Hashish 73,162b 74,620b 75,001b 76,111b 76,275b 79,815a 81,703 82,721
Cocaine 28,453b 29,488a 28,649b 28,185b 29,598 30,423 31,572 31,232
Crack 7,057 6,599 6,580 6,675 7,250 7,495 7,462 7,340
Heroin 3,087 3,148 2,538 2,979 3,214 3,233 3,263 3,054
Hallucinogens 25,378b 25,736b 26,318b 25,910b 27,682a 27,032b 29,155 29,879
LSD 18,917b 19,577a 19,185a 18,728b 20,202 20,083 21,133 21,092
PCP 6,352 5,955 5,851 5,705 5,853 5,497 6,016 5,672
Ecstasy 4,656b 5,619b 6,168b 6,632b 7,406b 7,788b 8,400a 9,494
Inhalants 15,398 15,596 15,521 15,754 16,229 16,365 16,555 16,599
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 35,779b 36,269b 36,190b 36,562b 37,743 37,676 39,572 39,156
Pain Relievers 19,983b 20,896b 21,076b 21,896b 22,484b 22,481b 24,473 24,513
OxyContin® 881b 1,433b 1,392b 1,589b 2,080b 2,289b 2,766a 3,368
Tranquilizers 14,959b 15,447a 15,117a 15,919 16,289 15,313a 16,725 16,771
Stimulants3 18,588 18,085 17,499 16,105a 17,616 17,348 17,076 17,793
Methamphetamine3 12,648b 12,565a 11,920 10,154 11,762 10,999 10,859 11,141
Sedatives 9,075a 8,696 9,012a 8,101 7,989 7,599 8,173 7,858
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52,578b 53,040b 52,672b 54,078b 55,018b 56,302a 59,022 58,808
100506
Table 7.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 45.7b 46.1a 45.6b 46.3a 45.5b 46.8 48.0 47.8
Marijuana and Hashish 40.8b 41.2a 41.0b 41.1a 40.6b 42.0 42.6 42.7
Cocaine 15.9 16.3 15.6 15.2a 15.8 16.0 16.4 16.1
Crack 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hallucinogens 14.1b 14.2b 14.4a 14.0b 14.7 14.2a 15.2 15.4
LSD 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1 10.8 10.6 11.0 10.9
PCP 3.5b 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.9
Ecstasy 2.6b 3.1b 3.4b 3.6b 3.9b 4.1b 4.4a 4.9
Inhalants 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 20.1 19.8 20.6 20.2
Pain Relievers 11.1b 11.5b 11.5b 11.8a 12.0 11.8a 12.7 12.7
OxyContin® 0.5b 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 1.1b 1.2b 1.4a 1.7
Tranquilizers 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.7
Stimulants3 10.4b 10.0a 9.6 8.7 9.4 9.1 8.9 9.2
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.5a 5.5 6.3 5.8 5.7 5.8
Sedatives 5.1b 4.8b 4.9b 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.3 4.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.3 29.3 28.8b 29.2 29.3 29.7 30.7 30.4
100506
Table 7.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,639b 18,562b 18,594b 18,883b 19,552a 20,102 19,778 21,051
Marijuana and Hashish 12,612b 12,441b 12,833b 12,880b 12,860b 12,953b 13,443a 14,923
Cocaine 3,307 3,372a 3,114 2,852 3,399a 3,271 3,130 2,784
Crack 1,188a 1,036 978 1,000 1,113 1,137a 862 818
Heroin 231 182a 232 184a 376 200a 266 396
Hallucinogens 1,194 1,046 1,182 1,093 1,160 1,088 879b 1,366
LSD 131 73 117 91 181 120 115 122
PCP 31 13 38 22 52 25 * 40
Ecstasy 836 626a 606a 705 591b 650a 499b 935
Inhalants 320 295a 413 358 531 560 536 508
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,057a 8,231 7,814b 8,331 9,180 9,334 8,385 9,093
Pain Relievers 5,582b 5,950a 5,556b 6,044 6,761 6,815 6,336 6,789
OxyContin® -- -- 457a 480 549 624 638 695
Tranquilizers 2,772 2,783 2,878 2,956 2,791 3,077 2,865 3,213
Stimulants3 1,482 1,256 1,467 1,340 1,868 1,448 1,152a 1,504
Methamphetamine3 891 823 1,012 849 1,151a 822 487a 779
Sedatives 681 544 441 441 632 580 334a 526
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 10,808 10,689 10,189a 10,513 11,481 11,860 10,912 11,514
100506
Table 7.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.9
Marijuana and Hashish 7.0a 6.9a 7.0a 6.9a 6.8b 6.8b 7.0a 7.7
Cocaine 1.8b 1.9b 1.7 1.5 1.8a 1.7 1.6 1.4
Crack 0.7b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6a 0.4 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.1a 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5b 0.7
LSD 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3 0.3a 0.4 0.3a 0.3a 0.3b 0.5
Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.9 4.9 4.4 4.7
Pain Relievers 3.1 3.3 3.0a 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.5
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Tranquilizers 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7
Stimulants3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.6a 0.8
Methamphetamine3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.4 0.3a 0.4
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2a 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.9
100506
Table 7.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,380b 10,224b 10,159b 10,666b 11,394 10,984a 11,308 12,218
Marijuana and Hashish 7,185b 7,267b 7,471b 7,508b 7,801a 7,384b 8,120 8,837
Cocaine 1,243 1,431 1,204 1,423 1,582a 1,399 1,251 1,105
Crack 488 517 370 553 618 537 300 445
Heroin 116 76 108 62 268 102 126 116
Hallucinogens 352 238a 241a 380 262 346 269 424
LSD 15 15 20 12 41 45 * 27
PCP 20 * 21 20 * 17 * 36
Ecstasy 197 149 142 161 120a 209 146 267
Inhalants 183 117 181 152 291 191 268 167
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,602 3,532 3,218b 3,607 4,136 4,117 3,571 4,062
Pain Relievers 2,321b 2,406a 2,149b 2,437a 2,909 2,987 2,678 3,004
OxyContin® -- -- 118a 153 109a 167 256 266
Tranquilizers 1,129 1,078 889a 1,050 993 1,081 1,081 1,251
Stimulants3 685 676 653 548 757 573 444b 741
Methamphetamine3 428 459 428 331 495 380 211a 383
Sedatives 340 189 190 171 285 240 134 247
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,897 4,767 4,301b 4,860 5,460 5,446 4,889 5,244
100506
Table 7.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5.8 5.6a 5.5b 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9 6.3
Marijuana and Hashish 4.0a 4.0a 4.1a 4.1a 4.2 3.9b 4.2 4.6
Cocaine 0.7 0.8a 0.7 0.8a 0.8b 0.7 0.7 0.6
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
PCP 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.0 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.2 2.2 1.9 2.1
Pain Relievers 1.3 1.3 1.2b 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Stimulants3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2b 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1a 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.5 2.7
100506
Table 7.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 100,612b 102,574b 102,491b 105,063b 104,765b 107,654b 110,805 112,117
Marijuana and Hashish 89,842b 91,723b 91,984b 93,143b 93,431b 96,435b 98,296 100,265
Cocaine 33,239b 34,243a 33,542b 33,090b 34,728 35,340 36,301 36,197
Crack 8,239 7,792 7,715 7,820 8,426 8,475 8,366 8,301
Heroin 3,574 3,664 3,067 3,475 3,725 3,726 3,720 3,627
Hallucinogens 32,895b 33,113b 33,173b 32,730b 34,296a 33,319b 34,990 36,244
LSD 23,845 24,027 23,085 22,145 23,128 22,457 23,278 23,386
PCP 7,185a 6,903 6,587 6,421 6,490 6,035 6,529 6,140
Ecstasy 9,330b 10,301b 10,607b 11,096b 11,788b 11,979b 12,393b 13,661
Inhalants 20,265 20,325 20,036 20,087 20,318 20,055 19,967 20,180
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 44,556b 45,629b 45,754b 46,552a 47,794 47,467 49,198 48,975
Pain Relievers 26,836b 28,409b 28,890b 30,175b 30,825a 30,608b 32,515 32,669
OxyContin® 1,700b 2,579b 2,767b 3,205b 3,756b 3,995b 4,502b 5,451
Tranquilizers 18,433b 19,346b 19,036b 20,275 20,563 19,460a 20,758 21,062
Stimulants3 22,384 21,958 21,391 20,113 21,538 20,922 20,536 21,348
Methamphetamine3 14,949b 14,756b 14,166b 12,344 13,865a 12,843 12,404 12,652
Sedatives 9,723b 9,261 9,640a 8,751 8,598 8,183 8,679 8,381
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 65,014b 65,809b 65,302b 66,879b 67,957b 68,857 71,086 71,307
100506
Table 7.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 47.8a 48.2 47.6b 48.2 47.5b 48.4 49.3 49.3
Marijuana and Hashish 42.7a 43.1 42.7a 42.8a 42.3b 43.3 43.7 44.1
Cocaine 15.8 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.7 15.9 16.1 15.9
Crack 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6
Hallucinogens 15.6 15.6 15.4 15.0a 15.5 15.0a 15.6 16.0
LSD 11.3b 11.3b 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.3 10.3
PCP 3.4b 3.2b 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7
Ecstasy 4.4b 4.8b 4.9b 5.1b 5.3b 5.4b 5.5a 6.0
Inhalants 9.6a 9.6a 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 21.2 21.5 21.3 21.4 21.7 21.3 21.9 21.6
Pain Relievers 12.8b 13.4b 13.4b 13.9 14.0 13.8 14.5 14.4
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.5b 1.7b 1.8b 2.0b 2.4
Tranquilizers 8.8 9.1 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.7 9.2 9.3
Stimulants3 10.6b 10.3b 9.9 9.2 9.8 9.4 9.1 9.4
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.6b 5.7 6.3b 5.8 5.5 5.6
Sedatives 4.6b 4.4b 4.5b 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.9 3.7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 30.9 30.9 30.3 30.7 30.8 30.9 31.6 31.4
100506
Table 7.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29,638b 29,538b 29,506b 29,999b 30,804b 30,966a 30,799b 33,145
Marijuana and Hashish 21,850b 21,486b 21,796b 21,991b 22,030b 21,938b 22,531b 25,182
Cocaine 5,394b 5,470b 5,247a 5,099 5,658b 5,355a 4,950 4,557
Crack 1,454b 1,310a 1,241 1,327a 1,406a 1,386a 1,075 988
Heroin 353a 278b 350a 343a 523 342a 411 571
Hallucinogens 3,804 3,158b 3,125b 3,144b 3,307a 3,135b 2,988b 3,774
LSD 684 409b 434b 413b 560 495 619 637
PCP 126 130a 138a 79 128 82 38 75
Ecstasy 2,621 1,790b 1,605b 1,703b 1,824b 1,804b 1,786b 2,383
Inhalants 1,005 956 1,087 1,043 1,108 1,086 1,069 1,134
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 12,509b 12,868a 12,621b 13,246 14,301 14,246 13,253 14,120
Pain Relievers 9,122b 9,753a 9,391b 10,074 10,832 10,785 10,277 10,789
OxyContin® -- -- 1,019b 1,039b 1,124a 1,190 1,235 1,454
Tranquilizers 4,281a 4,465 4,536 4,752 4,575 4,776 4,621 5,000
Stimulants3 2,716 2,453 2,747 2,581 3,243a 2,582 2,265a 2,727
Methamphetamine3 1,510b 1,417a 1,631b 1,425a 1,704b 1,226 756a 1,079
Sedatives 843 700 604 632 817 752 509 685
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 17,086 16,954a 16,389b 16,980a 18,108 18,230 17,140 18,165
100506
Table 7.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.1 13.9 13.7a 13.8a 14.0 13.9 13.7b 14.6
Marijuana and Hashish 10.4a 10.1b 10.1b 10.1b 10.0b 9.9b 10.0b 11.1
Cocaine 2.6b 2.6b 2.4b 2.3b 2.6b 2.4b 2.2 2.0
Crack 0.7b 0.6a 0.6a 0.6a 0.6b 0.6b 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.1b 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 1.8 1.5 1.5a 1.4a 1.5 1.4b 1.3b 1.7
LSD 0.3 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.2a 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 1.0
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.2
Pain Relievers 4.3a 4.6 4.4a 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5b 0.5b 0.5a 0.5 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2
Stimulants3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5b 1.2 1.0a 1.2
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.6 0.3a 0.5
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.8 8.2 8.2 7.6 8.0
100506
Table 7.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,644b 16,659b 16,397b 17,209b 17,876a 17,448b 17,773b 19,342
Marijuana and Hashish 12,561b 12,667b 12,667b 12,896b 13,124b 12,762b 13,546b 14,919
Cocaine 1,874 2,128b 1,895 2,255b 2,311b 1,972a 1,757 1,568
Crack 541 572 451 657 689 594 352 484
Heroin 155 101 151 121 322 150 199 181
Hallucinogens 941 783a 719b 883 825 821 818a 1,041
LSD 51b 82 103 72a 99 115 104 123
PCP 35 35 37 31 18 32 * 40
Ecstasy 553 379b 373b 428b 446a 438a 450a 644
Inhalants 334 250 325 298 421 321 372 315
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5,300b 5,453a 5,196b 5,653 6,251 6,066 5,514a 6,182
Pain Relievers 3,583b 3,892a 3,653b 3,972a 4,530 4,505 4,180 4,604
OxyContin® -- -- 260b 299a 248b 322 386 441
Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 1,455a 1,657 1,640 1,652 1,650 1,866
Stimulants3 1,094 1,088 1,132 1,016 1,214 926 791b 1,161
Methamphetamine3 612 655 648 556 677a 496 285a 466
Sedatives 389 247 239 245 340 312 199a 330
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7,356 7,432 6,920b 7,710 8,364 8,089 7,474 8,038
100506
Table 7.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7.9a 7.8a 7.6b 7.9a 8.1 7.8a 7.9a 8.5
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0b 6.0b 5.9b 5.9b 5.9b 5.7b 6.0a 6.6
Cocaine 0.9a 1.0b 0.9a 1.0b 1.0b 0.9a 0.8 0.7
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 0.3b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4a 0.5
LSD 0.0b 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.2b 0.2b 0.2a 0.2a 0.2a 0.2a 0.3
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.5 2.6 2.4a 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.7
Pain Relievers 1.7a 1.8 1.7b 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1a 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Stimulants3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4b 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3a 0.3a 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.1a 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.5
100506
Table 7.16A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,035b 3,968b 3,956b 3,679 3,653 3,489 3,310a 3,506
Marijuana and Hashish 2,714b 2,569a 2,552a 2,348 2,310 2,226 2,184 2,340
Cocaine 337b 319b 339b 283a 256 257 217 218
Crack 61a 89b 60b 48 51a 43 31 27
Heroin 34 34 43 32 25 28 37 25
Hallucinogens 740b 618 616 518 510 477 501 533
LSD 364b 206b 174 177 124 109 146 139
PCP 106b 100b 97b 97b 53 52 56 44
Ecstasy 376b 257 243 181b 201a 215 227 276
Inhalants 1,426b 1,390b 1,429b 1,360b 1,301b 1,220 1,072 1,103
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,643b 1,639b 1,616b 1,444 1,557b 1,436 1,255 1,345
Pain Relievers 1,362b 1,391b 1,378b 1,211 1,312a 1,195 1,064 1,169
OxyContin® 112b 146 162 136a 158 172 159 188
Tranquilizers 385a 398b 353 342 315 323 316 301
Stimulants3 469b 472b 387b 364b 398b 301a 246 235
Methamphetamine3 150b 160b 140b 133b 126b 81 66 62
Sedatives 84 126 128 110 97 89 89 102
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,726b 2,711b 2,721b 2,488b 2,522b 2,369 2,164 2,239
100506
Table 7.16B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 31.9b 31.1b 30.7b 28.4 28.2 27.1 26.0a 27.9
Marijuana and Hashish 21.5b 20.1a 19.8 18.1 17.8 17.3 17.2a 18.6
Cocaine 2.7b 2.5b 2.6b 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.7
Crack 0.5a 0.7b 0.5b 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.8b 4.8 4.8 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.9 4.2
LSD 2.9b 1.6b 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.8 1.1 1.1
PCP 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 0.7b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Ecstasy 3.0b 2.0 1.9 1.4b 1.5b 1.7a 1.8 2.2
Inhalants 11.3b 10.9b 11.1b 10.5b 10.0a 9.5 8.4 8.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.0b 12.8b 12.6b 11.1 12.0a 11.1 9.9 10.7
Pain Relievers 10.8b 10.9b 10.7b 9.4 10.1 9.3 8.4 9.3
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.1 1.3 1.0a 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5
Tranquilizers 3.0a 3.1b 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4
Stimulants3 3.7b 3.7b 3.0b 2.8b 3.1b 2.3 1.9 1.9
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 1.3b 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 0.6 0.5 0.5
Sedatives 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.6b 21.2b 21.1b 19.2a 19.4a 18.4 17.0 17.8
100506
Table 7.17A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,607b 3,663b 3,610b 3,342b 3,357b 3,132 3,210 3,082
Marijuana and Hashish 2,391b 2,318b 2,236b 2,055b 2,084b 1,858 1,924 1,840
Cocaine 333b 330b 272b 300b 314b 285b 255a 185
Crack 102b 68b 66b 60a 77b 64b 48 30
Heroin 60a 45 35 28 35 26 31 32
Hallucinogens 680b 632b 543 480 476 419 472 479
LSD 306b 191b 139 111 94 90 122 110
PCP 127b 104b 77 85 75 52 46 55
Ecstasy 444b 346 280 218a 273 232a 304 297
Inhalants 1,179 1,281 1,333a 1,298a 1,261 1,202 1,235 1,164
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,759b 1,733b 1,787b 1,575 1,613a 1,513 1,517 1,450
Pain Relievers 1,412b 1,407b 1,500b 1,305 1,335a 1,256 1,282 1,208
OxyContin® 112b 108b 143a 140a 184 188 182 189
Tranquilizers 450 476a 464 424 426 425 402 392
Stimulants3 643b 574b 519b 506b 532b 431a 424a 346
Methamphetamine3 266b 222b 206b 185b 216b 142 129 123
Sedatives 154 123 123 122 126 125 114 121
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,559b 2,607b 2,634b 2,456b 2,427a 2,269 2,324 2,235
100506
Table 7.17B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29.8b 30.0b 29.3b 26.9 27.0 25.4 26.3 25.6
Marijuana and Hashish 19.7b 19.0b 18.1b 16.6 16.8a 15.0 15.8 15.3
Cocaine 2.8b 2.7b 2.2b 2.4b 2.5b 2.3b 2.1a 1.5
Crack 0.8b 0.6b 0.5b 0.5a 0.6b 0.5b 0.4 0.2
Heroin 0.5a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.6b 5.2b 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.9 4.0
LSD 2.5b 1.6b 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9
PCP 1.0b 0.8b 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5
Ecstasy 3.7b 2.8 2.3 1.8b 2.2 1.9a 2.5 2.5
Inhalants 9.7 10.5 10.8a 10.5 10.1 9.7 10.1 9.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.5b 14.2b 14.5b 12.7 13.0 12.3 12.4 12.0
Pain Relievers 11.7b 11.5b 12.2b 10.5 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.0
OxyContin® 0.9b 0.9b 1.2a 1.1a 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6
Tranquilizers 3.7 3.9a 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3
Stimulants3 5.3b 4.7b 4.2b 4.1b 4.3b 3.5a 3.5 2.9
Methamphetamine3 2.2b 1.8b 1.7b 1.5a 1.7b 1.1 1.1 1.0
Sedatives 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.1b 21.3b 21.4b 19.8 19.5 18.4 19.1 18.6
100506
Table 7.18A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,842b 2,776b 2,653 2,557 2,525 2,499 2,419 2,539
Marijuana and Hashish 2,064a 1,955 1,918 1,796 1,744 1,748 1,724a 1,881
Cocaine 263b 222b 223b 208a 178 174 159 145
Crack 36a 47b 31 23 32 25 18 16
Heroin 20 17 32 17 14 16 27 17
Hallucinogens 501a 386 389 352 318a 339 376 404
LSD 183b 73 94 92 51a 76 116 89
PCP 46 44 39 44 26 32 35 26
Ecstasy 262 142b 141b 125b 129b 165 164 211
Inhalants 586b 554a 587b 538 521 500 467 455
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,091b 1,090b 974 962 1,052b 970 863 876
Pain Relievers 913b 930b 837 818 882a 816 728 751
OxyContin® -- -- 99 101 95 107 122 109
Tranquilizers 249 258 226 229 195 215 225 208
Stimulants3 294b 253b 210b 194a 224b 173 141 140
Methamphetamine3 97b 82b 69b 78b 74b 39 33 29
Sedatives 45 67 59 51 56 42 46 70
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,683b 1,637b 1,537a 1,479 1,540a 1,444 1,377 1,370
100506
Table 7.18B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.5b 21.7a 20.6 19.7 19.5 19.4 19.0 20.2
Marijuana and Hashish 16.3a 15.3 14.9 13.9 13.4a 13.6a 13.6a 15.0
Cocaine 2.1b 1.7b 1.7b 1.6a 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2
Crack 0.3a 0.4b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 4.0a 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5b 2.6a 3.0 3.2
LSD 1.5b 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4b 0.6 0.9 0.7
PCP 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Ecstasy 2.1 1.1b 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 1.3 1.3 1.7
Inhalants 4.6b 4.3a 4.6b 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8.6b 8.5b 7.6 7.4 8.1a 7.5 6.8 7.0
Pain Relievers 7.2b 7.3b 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.3 5.7 6.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.7
Stimulants3 2.3b 2.0b 1.6b 1.5 1.7b 1.3 1.1 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.6b 0.3 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.3b 12.8b 11.9 11.4 11.9 11.2 10.8 10.9
100506
Table 7.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,652b 2,679b 2,648b 2,484a 2,447a 2,228 2,307 2,270
Marijuana and Hashish 1,841b 1,790b 1,738b 1,587 1,604a 1,399 1,514 1,457
Cocaine 245b 216b 188b 215b 233b 209b 146a 95
Crack 64b 48b 32a 31a 41b 40b 16 12
Heroin 31 19 16 20 23 8 15 17
Hallucinogens 444b 392 364 313 332 288 314 330
LSD 131b 76 63 59 55 50 67 53
PCP 64b 44a 33 41 33 23 26 22
Ecstasy 285b 188 169 131b 177 163 189 205
Inhalants 492 565 581 606a 590a 494 512 501
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,194b 1,205b 1,254b 1,139a 1,129a 1,064 1,050 1,009
Pain Relievers 957 987a 1,028b 922 936 864 880 866
OxyContin® -- -- 95 87 104 125 102 114
Tranquilizers 319a 328a 307 268 288 291 257 251
Stimulants3 371b 325b 297b 312b 324b 242 233 193
Methamphetamine3 148b 103b 108b 100a 111b 79 61 56
Sedatives 93a 64 75 67 53 69 66 56
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,655b 1,714b 1,732b 1,650b 1,605a 1,470 1,473 1,465
100506
Table 7.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 21.9b 21.9b 21.5b 20.0 19.7 18.0 18.9 18.9
Marijuana and Hashish 15.2b 14.6b 14.1b 12.8 12.9 11.3 12.4 12.1
Cocaine 2.0b 1.8b 1.5b 1.7b 1.9b 1.7b 1.2a 0.8
Crack 0.5b 0.4b 0.3a 0.3a 0.3b 0.3b 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.7b 3.2 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.7
LSD 1.1b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
PCP 0.5b 0.4a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.4b 1.5 1.4 1.1b 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.7
Inhalants 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.0 4.2 4.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.9b 9.9b 10.2b 9.2 9.1 8.6 8.6 8.4
Pain Relievers 7.9 8.1 8.3a 7.4 7.5 7.0 7.2 7.2
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.6a 2.7a 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.1
Stimulants3 3.1b 2.7b 2.4b 2.5b 2.6b 2.0 1.9 1.6
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 0.8b 0.9b 0.8a 0.9b 0.6 0.5 0.5
Sedatives 0.8a 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.7a 14.0b 14.0b 13.3 12.9 11.9 12.1 12.2
100506
Table 7.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,560b 1,457 1,360 1,313 1,272 1,291 1,201a 1,335
Marijuana and Hashish 1,152 1,093 1,037 967 888b 968 921a 1,045
Cocaine 77a 70 75a 79a 48 48 60 43
Crack 10 22a 9 14 5 4 6 5
Heroin 6 8 11 11 3 3 8 8
Hallucinogens 130 138 120 98 86a 102 145 128
LSD 37 27 23 24 10 24 34 21
PCP 11 14 7 8 6 9 8 8
Ecstasy 58 37a 45 32a 38 34a 58 65
Inhalants 159 139 141 160 156 158 135 121
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 460b 478b 413 400 403 391 312 352
Pain Relievers 376a 385a 337 325 330 324 250 300
OxyContin® -- -- 29 17a 18a 25 33 40
Tranquilizers 70 111b 76 84 46 84 62 58
Stimulants3 106a 107b 89a 79 80 48 55 56
Methamphetamine3 40 32 24 39 24 10 16 18
Sedatives 6a 27 4a 9 21 15 8 25
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 705b 682b 626 616 603 582 534 540
100506
Table 7.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.3b 11.4 10.6 10.1 9.8 10.0 9.5a 10.6
Marijuana and Hashish 9.1 8.6 8.1 7.5 6.8b 7.5 7.3a 8.3
Cocaine 0.6a 0.5 0.6 0.6a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Crack 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7a 0.8 1.1 1.0
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3a 0.4 0.3a 0.3a 0.3a 0.5 0.5
Inhalants 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3.6b 3.7b 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.8
Pain Relievers 3.0a 3.0a 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.4
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.1a 0.1a 0.2 0.3 0.3
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.9b 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5
Stimulants3 0.8a 0.8b 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.0a 0.2 0.0a 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.6b 5.3b 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.2 4.3
100506
Table 7.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,318b 1,355b 1,314b 1,198 1,210 1,118 1,103 1,136
Marijuana and Hashish 871a 878a 872a 763 801 718 735 754
Cocaine 68b 83b 51a 63b 61b 56a 37 27
Crack 16 10a 6 12 7 12 1 3
Heroin 5 10 4 4 13 * 5 5
Hallucinogens 126 122 91 107 95 73 97 89
LSD 23 23 15 8 21 6 16 14
PCP 11 6 4 9 6 * 5 4
Ecstasy 66 54 32 41 44 31 47 50
Inhalants 143 181a 171 153 185a 136 134 124
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 527b 519a 501a 439 441 438 398 420
Pain Relievers 418 416 414 361 360 345 317 353
OxyContin® -- -- 37 17 10a 22 16 29
Tranquilizers 117 115 86 76 80 98 87 85
Stimulants3 102 115a 91 93 90 80 58 73
Methamphetamine3 31 38a 34 32 29 24 13 18
Sedatives 41b 20 22 18 24 19 27 15
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 715b 735b 702a 637 648 599 556 579
100506
Table 7.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.9b 11.1b 10.6a 9.7 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.4
Marijuana and Hashish 7.2a 7.2a 7.1 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.0 6.3
Cocaine 0.6b 0.7b 0.4a 0.5b 0.5b 0.5a 0.3 0.2
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.7
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 1.2 1.5a 1.4 1.2 1.5a 1.1 1.1 1.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.4a 4.2a 4.1 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.5
Pain Relievers 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1b 0.2 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.8 0.9a 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.9b 6.0b 5.7a 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6 4.8
100506
Table 7.22A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 71,499 70,757 70,257 71,519 72,873b 70,939 70,868 69,713
Cigarettes 61,136a 60,434 59,896 60,532 61,565b 60,069 59,781 58,661
Smokeless Tobacco 7,787 7,725a 7,154b 7,682a 8,231 8,051 8,670 8,559
Cigars 12,751 12,837 13,727 13,640 13,708 13,263 13,126 13,269
Pipe Tobacco 1,816 1,619a 1,835 2,190 2,321 2,046 1,877 2,087
ALCOHOL 119,820b 118,965b 120,934b 126,028b 125,309b 126,760b 128,974 130,621
Binge Alcohol Use2 53,787b 53,770b 54,725b 55,090b 56,575b 57,778 58,096 59,561
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,860a 16,144 16,689 16,035 16,946 17,010 17,292 17,129
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 41,991 41,288 41,569 42,175 43,389b 42,369 41,881 40,909
Cigarettes 32,636a 32,263 32,278 32,312 33,220b 32,607a 31,942 30,937
Smokeless Tobacco 7,242a 7,096b 6,730b 7,174b 7,843 7,589 8,215 8,151
Cigars 10,669 10,372 11,375 11,355 11,092 10,940 10,900 10,679
Pipe Tobacco 1,487 1,400 1,579 1,877 2,023 1,797 1,486 1,772
ALCOHOL 65,210b 65,927b 66,317b 68,497a 68,025b 68,088a 69,989 70,455
Binge Alcohol Use2 35,456b 35,565b 36,195b 36,025b 37,298 38,128 38,292 38,654
Heavy Alcohol Use2 12,216 11,958 12,388 12,172 12,775 12,786 12,882 12,604
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29,509 29,469 28,688 29,344 29,484 28,570 28,986 28,804
Cigarettes 28,500 28,171 27,618 28,220 28,345 27,462 27,839 27,724
Smokeless Tobacco 545 628 424 508 388 461 455 408
Cigars 2,082b 2,465 2,352 2,285 2,616 2,323 2,226a 2,590
Pipe Tobacco 330 219 256 313 298 249 391 315
ALCOHOL 54,610b 53,038b 54,616b 57,531b 57,283b 58,672 58,986 60,166
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,331b 18,205b 18,530b 19,065b 19,276b 19,651a 19,805 20,908
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,645b 4,186 4,301 3,863b 4,172 4,225 4,410 4,525
100506
Table 7.22B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4b 29.8b 29.2b 29.4b 29.6b 28.6a 28.4 27.7
Cigarettes 26.0b 25.4b 24.9b 24.9b 25.0b 24.2a 23.9 23.3
Smokeless Tobacco 3.3 3.3 3.0b 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.4
Cigars 5.4 5.4 5.7a 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 51.0 50.1b 50.3b 51.8 50.9 51.1 51.6 51.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9 22.6a 22.8a 22.7a 23.0 23.3 23.3 23.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.8
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0b 35.9b 35.7b 35.8b 36.4b 35.2a 34.5 33.5
Cigarettes 28.7b 28.1b 27.7b 27.4b 27.8b 27.1b 26.3 25.3
Smokeless Tobacco 6.4 6.2 5.8b 6.1 6.6 6.3 6.8 6.7
Cigars 9.4 9.0 9.8b 9.6a 9.3 9.1 9.0 8.7
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.4
ALCOHOL 57.4 57.3 56.9 58.1 57.0 56.6 57.7 57.6
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2 30.9 31.1 30.5 31.2 31.7 31.6 31.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.3
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3b 24.0b 23.1 23.4a 23.3 22.4 22.5 22.2
Cigarettes 23.4b 23.0b 22.3 22.5a 22.4 21.5 21.7 21.4
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3
Cigars 1.7a 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.7a 2.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
ALCOHOL 44.9a 43.2b 44.0b 45.9 45.2 46.0 45.9 46.5
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1a 14.8b 14.9b 15.2a 15.2a 15.4 15.4 16.1
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.0a 3.4 3.5 3.1a 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.5
100506
Table 7.23A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 3,767b 3,610b 3,635b 3,324b 3,275b 3,128b 2,844 2,860
Cigarettes 3,209b 3,044b 2,998b 2,733b 2,634b 2,482b 2,261 2,191
Smokeless Tobacco 487a 511 571 523 601 617 547 577
Cigars 1,117a 1,115a 1,201b 1,064 1,047 1,070 944 980
Pipe Tobacco 137b 160a 178 158b 168a 182 176a 230
ALCOHOL 4,365b 4,425b 4,436b 4,191b 4,222b 4,021b 3,635 3,624
Binge Alcohol Use2 2,641b 2,658b 2,794b 2,513b 2,614b 2,447b 2,189 2,175
Heavy Alcohol Use2 630b 652b 671b 611a 603 591 491 517
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 2,019b 1,988b 1,972b 1,843 1,810 1,816 1,598 1,711
Cigarettes 1,556b 1,514b 1,453b 1,387b 1,302a 1,285a 1,141 1,155
Smokeless Tobacco 436a 479 521 476 546 566 492 517
Cigars 790b 789b 852b 748 716 778a 677 659
Pipe Tobacco 89b 121 110a 109a 113a 117 98b 162
ALCOHOL 2,200b 2,185b 2,216b 2,057 2,111a 2,045 1,810 1,903
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,441b 1,421b 1,496b 1,341a 1,388b 1,366a 1,131 1,208
Heavy Alcohol Use2 395b 374a 407b 383a 368a 366 293 295
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 1,748b 1,622b 1,663b 1,481b 1,464b 1,312a 1,246 1,149
Cigarettes 1,653b 1,530b 1,545b 1,345b 1,332b 1,197a 1,120 1,036
Smokeless Tobacco 51 32b 50 47 55 51 55 60
Cigars 327 326 349 316 331 293 267 320
Pipe Tobacco 49 40a 68 49 54 65 78 69
ALCOHOL 2,165b 2,241b 2,220b 2,134b 2,110b 1,975b 1,825 1,721
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,200b 1,237b 1,298b 1,172b 1,225b 1,082 1,058 967
Heavy Alcohol Use2 235 278 264 229 235 225 198 223
100506
Table 7.23B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2b 14.4b 14.4b 13.1b 12.9b 12.4 11.4 11.6
Cigarettes 13.0b 12.2b 11.9b 10.8b 10.4b 9.8a 9.1 8.9
Smokeless Tobacco 2.0a 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3
Cigars 4.5a 4.5a 4.8b 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.8 4.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.6b 0.6b 0.7a 0.6b 0.7a 0.7 0.7a 0.9
ALCOHOL 17.6b 17.7b 17.6b 16.5b 16.6b 15.9b 14.6 14.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7b 10.6b 11.1b 9.9b 10.3b 9.7a 8.8 8.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.5a 2.6b 2.7b 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.0 2.1
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0b 15.6b 15.3b 14.2 14.0 14.1 12.6 13.6
Cigarettes 12.3b 11.9b 11.3b 10.7b 10.0 10.0 9.0 9.2
Smokeless Tobacco 3.4a 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.2 4.4 3.9 4.1
Cigars 6.2a 6.2a 6.6b 5.8 5.5 6.0a 5.3 5.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.7b 0.9 0.9a 0.8a 0.9a 0.9a 0.8b 1.3
ALCOHOL 17.4b 17.1b 17.2b 15.9 16.3 15.9 14.2 15.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4b 11.1b 11.6b 10.4 10.7a 10.6 8.9 9.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1b 2.9a 3.2b 3.0a 2.8 2.8 2.3 2.3
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4b 13.3b 13.5b 11.9b 11.8b 10.6 10.2 9.5
Cigarettes 13.6b 12.5b 12.5b 10.8b 10.7b 9.7a 9.2 8.6
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.3b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Cigars 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.7
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.3a 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6
ALCOHOL 17.9b 18.3b 18.0b 17.2b 17.0b 16.0b 15.0 14.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 9.9b 10.1b 10.5b 9.4b 9.9b 8.8 8.7 8.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.9
100506
Table 7.24A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14,049 14,201 14,359 14,382 14,384 13,694 13,629 13,980
Cigarettes 12,650b 12,764b 12,731b 12,667b 12,582a 11,835 11,757 12,031
Smokeless Tobacco 1,502b 1,486b 1,589b 1,664b 1,706b 1,721b 1,772b 2,053
Cigars 3,417b 3,623 4,103 3,895 3,972 3,873 3,721 3,837
Pipe Tobacco 332b 292b 396b 471a 431b 394b 456a 584
ALCOHOL 18,759b 19,466b 19,474b 19,783b 20,282a 20,034b 20,148b 20,767
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,699b 13,188b 13,271b 13,597 13,814 13,675 13,510a 13,998
Heavy Alcohol Use2 4,625 4,788 4,848 4,967a 5,093b 4,819 4,761 4,612
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 8,097a 8,226 8,368 8,425 8,409 8,238 8,093a 8,424
Cigarettes 6,897 7,040 7,041 7,007 6,909 6,673 6,548 6,825
Smokeless Tobacco 1,455b 1,418b 1,532b 1,588b 1,635b 1,636b 1,698a 1,923
Cigars 2,605b 2,758 3,179a 2,997 3,078 3,041 2,855 2,938
Pipe Tobacco 262b 228b 335b 372 355a 313b 335b 461
ALCOHOL 10,129b 10,652b 10,501b 10,830 10,869 10,757a 10,660b 11,135
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,787b 8,163 8,101 8,442 8,284 8,204 8,011a 8,389
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,282 3,372 3,434 3,545a 3,461 3,278 3,290 3,213
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 5,952b 5,975b 5,990b 5,957b 5,974b 5,456 5,536 5,556
Cigarettes 5,753b 5,724b 5,690b 5,660b 5,673b 5,161 5,210 5,206
Smokeless Tobacco 47b 67b 56b 75a 71b 85a 74a 130
Cigars 813 865 924 898 894 832 866 899
Pipe Tobacco 69b 65b 61b 100 76a 81a 121 123
ALCOHOL 8,630b 8,814b 8,974b 8,953b 9,413 9,277a 9,489 9,632
Binge Alcohol Use2 4,911b 5,025b 5,170b 5,155b 5,531 5,471 5,499 5,609
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1,343 1,417 1,414 1,422 1,632b 1,541 1,471 1,399
100506
Table 7.24B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3b 44.8b 44.6b 44.3b 43.9b 41.8 41.4 41.6
Cigarettes 40.8b 40.2b 39.5b 39.0b 38.4b 36.2 35.7 35.8
Smokeless Tobacco 4.8b 4.7b 4.9b 5.1b 5.2b 5.3b 5.4a 6.1
Cigars 11.0 11.4 12.7b 12.0 12.1 11.8 11.3 11.4
Pipe Tobacco 1.1b 0.9b 1.2b 1.5 1.3b 1.2b 1.4a 1.7
ALCOHOL 60.5 61.4 60.5 60.9 61.9 61.2 61.2 61.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9 41.6 41.2 41.9 42.2 41.8 41.0 41.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9a 15.1b 15.1a 15.3b 15.6b 14.7a 14.5 13.7
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1a 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.0 50.0 48.8 49.9
Cigarettes 44.4b 44.2b 43.5b 42.9a 41.9 40.5 39.5 40.4
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4b 8.9b 9.5b 9.7b 9.9b 9.9a 10.3a 11.4
Cigars 16.8 17.3 19.7b 18.3 18.7 18.4 17.2 17.4
Pipe Tobacco 1.7b 1.4b 2.1a 2.3 2.2a 1.9b 2.0b 2.7
ALCOHOL 65.2 66.9 64.9 66.3 65.9 65.3 64.3 65.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2 51.3 50.1 51.7 50.2 49.8 48.4 49.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1b 21.2b 21.2b 21.7b 21.0a 19.9 19.9 19.0
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4b 37.8b 37.4b 36.9b 36.8b 33.6 33.8 33.3
Cigarettes 37.1b 36.2b 35.5b 35.0b 34.9b 31.8 31.8 31.2
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5a 0.4a 0.5 0.4a 0.8
Cigars 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.3 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.4a 0.4b 0.4b 0.6 0.5a 0.5 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 55.7a 55.8a 56.0 55.4a 57.9 57.1 58.0 57.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7a 31.8a 32.3 31.9 34.0 33.7 33.6 33.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8.7 9.0 8.8 8.8 10.0b 9.5a 9.0 8.4
100506
Table 7.25A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 53,683 52,946 52,263 53,813 55,215a 54,118 54,395 52,872
Cigarettes 45,278 44,626 44,166 45,133 46,349 45,752 45,762 44,440
Smokeless Tobacco 5,797 5,728 4,994b 5,495 5,924 5,713 6,351 5,929
Cigars 8,217 8,099 8,423 8,681 8,690 8,320 8,462 8,452
Pipe Tobacco 1,347 1,166 1,261 1,561 1,723a 1,470 1,244 1,272
ALCOHOL 96,696b 95,073b 97,023b 102,054b 100,805b 102,705a 105,191 106,230
Binge Alcohol Use2 38,447b 37,924b 38,661b 38,980b 40,147b 41,656 42,397 43,388
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10,605b 10,704a 11,170 10,457b 11,251 11,600 12,040 12,000
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 31,874 31,074 31,229 31,907 33,169b 32,315 32,191 30,773
Cigarettes 24,184 23,709 23,784 23,917 25,009b 24,648a 24,253 22,958
Smokeless Tobacco 5,351 5,199 4,677b 5,110 5,661 5,387 6,025 5,711
Cigars 7,274 6,825 7,344 7,610 7,298 7,122 7,369 7,082
Pipe Tobacco 1,136 1,051 1,133 1,396 1,555a 1,367 1,053 1,150
ALCOHOL 52,880b 53,090b 53,601b 55,610a 55,045b 55,286a 57,519 57,418
Binge Alcohol Use2 26,227b 25,981b 26,598b 26,242b 27,627 28,558 29,150 29,057
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8,539 8,212a 8,548 8,245 8,946 9,142 9,299 9,096
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 21,809 21,872 21,034 21,906 22,045 21,802 22,205 22,099
Cigarettes 21,094 20,918 20,382 21,215 21,340 21,104 21,510 21,482
Smokeless Tobacco 447a 529a 318 385 262 325 326 218
Cigars 942b 1,274 1,079 1,071a 1,391 1,198 1,093 1,370
Pipe Tobacco 212 115 128 165 168 103 191 123
ALCOHOL 43,816b 41,983b 43,423b 46,444a 45,759b 47,419 47,671 48,812
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,220b 11,943b 12,063b 12,738b 12,520b 13,098a 13,247 14,331
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2,067b 2,492 2,623 2,212b 2,305a 2,458 2,741 2,903
100506
Table 7.25B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9b 29.3b 28.5a 29.0b 29.4b 28.5a 28.3 27.3
Cigarettes 25.2b 24.7b 24.1a 24.3b 24.7b 24.1a 23.8 23.0
Smokeless Tobacco 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.3 3.1
Cigars 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9a 0.8 0.6 0.7
ALCOHOL 53.9 52.5b 53.0b 55.1 53.7 54.1 54.8 54.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4 21.0b 21.1a 21.0b 21.4 21.9 22.1 22.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6a 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.2
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3b 36.0b 35.7b 36.0b 36.9b 35.6b 35.0a 33.1
Cigarettes 28.3b 27.5b 27.2b 27.0b 27.8b 27.1b 26.4a 24.7
Smokeless Tobacco 6.3 6.0 5.3a 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.5 6.2
Cigars 8.5 7.9 8.4 8.6 8.1 7.8 8.0 7.6
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7a 1.5 1.1 1.2
ALCOHOL 61.9 61.5 61.3 62.7 61.2 60.8 62.5 61.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7 30.1 30.4 29.6a 30.7 31.4 31.7 31.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0 9.5 9.8 9.3 10.0 10.1 10.1 9.8
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2 23.1 22.0 22.6 22.5 22.0 22.2 21.9
Cigarettes 22.5 22.1 21.3 21.9 21.8 21.3 21.5 21.3
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5a 0.6a 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Cigars 1.0a 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
ALCOHOL 46.6 44.3b 45.4b 48.0 46.7 47.9 47.7 48.4
Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0a 12.6b 12.6b 13.2 12.8b 13.2 13.2 14.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.2b 2.6 2.7 2.3a 2.4a 2.5 2.7 2.9
100506
Table 7.26A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 67,732 67,147 66,622 68,195 69,598a 67,812 68,024 66,852
Cigarettes 57,928 57,391 56,897 57,799 58,932a 57,587 57,520 56,471
Smokeless Tobacco 7,299 7,214 6,583b 7,158a 7,630 7,434 8,123 7,982
Cigars 11,634 11,722 12,526 12,576 12,662 12,193 12,183 12,289
Pipe Tobacco 1,679 1,458a 1,657 2,032 2,154 1,864 1,700 1,856
ALCOHOL 115,455b 114,539b 116,498b 121,837b 121,087b 122,739b 125,339 126,997
Binge Alcohol Use2 51,146b 51,112b 51,931b 52,577b 53,961b 55,331 55,907 57,386
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,231a 15,492a 16,018 15,424a 16,344 16,420 16,801 16,612
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39,972 39,300 39,597 40,332 41,578b 40,553 40,283 39,198
Cigarettes 31,080 30,749 30,825 30,924 31,918b 31,322 30,801 29,782
Smokeless Tobacco 6,806a 6,618b 6,209b 6,698a 7,297 7,023 7,723 7,634
Cigars 9,879 9,583 10,523 10,607 10,376 10,163 10,223 10,020
Pipe Tobacco 1,398 1,279 1,469 1,768 1,910 1,680 1,388 1,610
ALCOHOL 63,009b 63,742b 64,101b 66,440a 65,914b 66,043b 68,179 68,553
Binge Alcohol Use2 34,014b 34,144b 34,699b 34,684b 35,910 36,762 37,161 37,446
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11,821 11,584 11,981 11,790 12,407 12,420 12,589 12,310
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 27,761 27,847 27,025 27,863 28,020 27,258 27,740 27,655
Cigarettes 26,847 26,641 26,072 26,875 27,013 26,266 26,719 26,688
Smokeless Tobacco 493 596 374 460 333 411 400 348
Cigars 1,755b 2,139 2,003 1,969 2,286 2,030 1,959 2,270
Pipe Tobacco 281 179 189 264 244 184 313 246
ALCOHOL 52,446b 50,797b 52,396b 55,397b 55,173b 56,697 57,160 58,445
Binge Alcohol Use2 17,132b 16,968b 17,232b 17,893b 18,051b 18,569a 18,747a 19,941
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,409b 3,908 4,037 3,634b 3,937 4,000 4,212 4,302
100506
Table 7.26B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 32.2b 31.6b 30.9b 31.3b 31.5b 30.5a 30.2 29.4
Cigarettes 27.5b 27.0b 26.4b 26.5b 26.7b 25.9a 25.6 24.9
Smokeless Tobacco 3.5 3.4 3.1b 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.5
Cigars 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 54.9 53.9b 54.1b 55.9 54.9 55.1 55.7 55.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 24.3 24.0b 24.1a 24.1a 24.5 24.9 24.9 25.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.5 7.3
MALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39.6b 38.4b 38.2b 38.4b 39.1b 37.8b 37.1 35.7
Cigarettes 30.8b 30.1b 29.8b 29.5b 30.0b 29.2b 28.4 27.1
Smokeless Tobacco 6.7 6.5 6.0b 6.4 6.9 6.5 7.1 7.0
Cigars 9.8 9.4 10.2a 10.1a 9.8 9.5 9.4 9.1
Pipe Tobacco 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.5
ALCOHOL 62.4 62.4 61.9 63.3 62.0 61.5 62.8 62.5
Binge Alcohol Use2 33.7 33.4 33.5 33.0 33.8 34.2 34.2 34.1
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11.7 11.3 11.6 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.6 11.2
FEMALE                
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 25.4b 25.2b 24.2 24.7 24.5 23.7 23.8 23.5
Cigarettes 24.5b 24.1a 23.3 23.8 23.6 22.8 23.0 22.7
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.5a 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3
Cigars 1.6a 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.9
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
ALCOHOL 47.9a 46.0b 46.9b 49.1 48.3 49.2 49.1 49.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.7a 15.4b 15.4b 15.8a 15.8a 16.1 16.1 17.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1a 3.5 3.6 3.2a 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7
100506
Table 7.27A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
Lifetime 20,911 20,936a 20,709 20,671 20,574 20,370 19,886 20,102
Past Year 17,492 17,554 17,568 17,729 17,598 17,359 16,882 17,066
Past Month 10,713 10,876 10,838 10,819 10,823 10,730 10,069 10,403
Binge Alcohol Use1 7,175 7,190 7,397a 7,197 7,239 7,172 6,637 6,912
Heavy Alcohol Use1 2,301a 2,297a 2,375a 2,296a 2,359a 2,313a 2,113 2,058
MALE                
Lifetime 10,719 10,537 10,624 10,500 10,647 10,463 10,151 10,538
Past Year 8,847 8,735 8,946 8,927 9,064 8,895 8,503 8,926
Past Month 5,619 5,720 5,723 5,658 5,752 5,609 5,284 5,595
Binge Alcohol Use1 4,140 4,162 4,271 4,175 4,192 4,158 3,751 4,025
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,544 1,506 1,582a 1,492 1,561 1,532 1,363 1,371
FEMALE                
Lifetime 10,192a 10,399b 10,085a 10,171a 9,927 9,907 9,735 9,564
Past Year 8,645a 8,819b 8,622a 8,802b 8,534 8,464 8,379 8,140
Past Month 5,094 5,156a 5,115 5,160a 5,072 5,122 4,785 4,808
Binge Alcohol Use1 3,035 3,027 3,127 3,022 3,047 3,015 2,886 2,887
Heavy Alcohol Use1 756 791 793 803a 798 781 750 687
100506
Table 7.27B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2009
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
TOTAL                
Lifetime 56.2b 55.8b 54.9b 53.9a 53.9a 52.9 52.2 52.5
Past Year 47.0b 46.8b 46.6b 46.3b 46.1a 45.1 44.3 44.6
Past Month 28.8b 29.0b 28.7b 28.2 28.3 27.9 26.4 27.2
Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3a 19.2a 19.6b 18.8 19.0 18.6 17.4 18.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 6.2b 6.1a 6.3b 6.0a 6.2a 6.0a 5.5 5.4
MALE                
Lifetime 56.5b 55.0 54.9 53.7 54.0 53.0 52.0a 53.6
Past Year 46.6 45.6 46.3 45.6 46.0 45.1 43.5a 45.4
Past Month 29.6 29.9 29.6 28.9 29.2 28.4 27.1 28.5
Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8 21.7 22.1a 21.3 21.3 21.1 19.2 20.5
Heavy Alcohol Use1 8.1a 7.9 8.2a 7.6 7.9 7.8 7.0 7.0
FEMALE                
Lifetime 56.0b 56.6b 54.8b 54.2b 53.7b 52.8 52.4 51.4
Past Year 47.5b 48.0b 46.9b 46.9b 46.2b 45.1 45.1 43.8
Past Month 28.0b 28.1b 27.8b 27.5a 27.4a 27.3 25.8 25.8
Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7 16.5 17.0a 16.1 16.5 16.1 15.5 15.5
Heavy Alcohol Use1 4.2 4.3a 4.3 4.3a 4.3 4.2 4.0 3.7
100505
Table 7.28A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 15,493b 15,899 16,871b 17,158b 17,290b 17,186b 17,198b 15,982
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 7,918b 8,614b 8,699b 8,487b 8,667b 8,575b 8,320b 7,433
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 12,614b 13,449b 13,637b 13,777b 13,606b 13,634b 13,037b 11,939
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 12,296b 12,628b 12,320b 12,151 12,196a 12,256a 12,142 11,895
Use Once or Twice a Week 19,463b 19,835b 19,842b 19,894b 19,754b 19,543b 19,372b 18,917
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 14,211b 14,400b 14,077b 13,994a 14,164b 14,006a 14,021a 13,637
Use Once or Twice a Week 20,073b 20,244b 20,150b 20,276b 20,129b 19,956b 19,769b 19,411
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 12,499b 12,805b 12,692b 12,445b 12,424b 12,134b 11,925b 11,271
Use Once or Twice a Week 18,156b 18,475b 18,470b 18,361b 18,020b 17,639b 17,477b 16,763
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 15,288a 15,277a 15,468 16,028a 16,265b 16,277b 16,279b 15,665
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
    a Week
9,379a 9,528 9,514 9,636 9,887 9,834 10,002 9,702
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 13,299b 13,084b 12,843b 12,601b 12,397b 12,034 11,905 11,903
Cocaine 5,981b 6,010b 5,917b 6,073b 6,323b 5,905b 5,279b 4,917
Crack 6,324b 6,286b 6,069b 6,149b 6,377b 6,104b 5,537a 5,208
Heroin 3,765b 3,649b 3,373b 3,384b 3,479b 3,390b 3,083 3,009
LSD 4,562b 4,154b 4,035b 3,732b 3,310a 3,376b 3,221 3,106
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
    Selling Drugs
4,121b 4,013b 4,103b 3,926b 3,879b 3,659 3,402 3,511
100505
Table 7.28B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2009
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1b 64.2b 67.5b 68.3b 68.7b 68.8b 69.7b 65.8
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 32.4b 34.9b 35.0b 34.0b 34.7b 34.5b 33.9b 30.7
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5b 54.4b 54.7b 55.0b 54.2b 54.7b 53.1b 49.3
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 50.5 51.4b 49.6 48.8 49.0 49.6 49.7 49.5
Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8a 80.7b 79.8a 79.9b 79.2 78.9 79.2 78.5
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 58.5a 58.8b 57.0 56.5 57.2 57.0 57.7 57.0
Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5b 82.6b 81.4 81.8 81.2 81.0 81.3 81.0
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 52.6b 53.4b 52.6b 51.7b 51.6b 51.2b 50.5b 48.4
Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2b 76.9b 76.4b 76.1b 74.7b 74.2b 73.9b 71.8
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2b 61.6b 61.8b 63.8 64.6 65.2 65.9b 64.3
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
    a Week
38.2b 38.5a 38.1b 38.4a 39.4 39.4 40.5 39.9
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 55.0b 53.6b 52.2b 51.0 50.1 49.1 49.2 49.9
Cocaine 25.0b 25.0b 24.4b 24.9b 25.9b 24.5b 22.1a 20.9
Crack 26.5b 26.2b 25.0b 25.3b 26.2b 25.3b 23.2 22.1
Heroin 15.8b 15.3b 14.0a 14.0a 14.4b 14.1b 13.0 12.9
LSD 19.4b 17.6b 16.9b 15.7b 14.0 14.4 13.8 13.5
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
    Selling Drugs
16.7b 16.1b 16.3b 15.5a 15.3a 14.5 13.7 14.3
100504
Table 7.29A – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656b 2,627b 2,784a 2,908 2,789a 2,670b 2,885 3,115
Marijuana and Hashish 2,196 1,973b 2,142 2,114 2,063b 2,090a 2,208 2,361
Cocaine 1,032b 986b 998b 872b 977b 906b 722 617
Crack 337b 269b 215b 230b 245b 352b 205b 94
Heroin 117 92a 118 108a 91b 106a 114 180
Hallucinogens 1,152 886b 934b 953b 1,116 1,064a 1,127 1,269
LSD 338 200b 235b 243a 264 270 394 337
PCP 123b 105b 106b 77a 69 58 53 45
Ecstasy 1,206 642b 607b 615b 860b 781b 894a 1,110
Inhalants 849 871 857 877 783 775 729 813
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,552 2,583 2,836 2,526 2,576 2,532 2,512 2,567
Pain Relievers 2,320 2,456 2,422 2,193 2,150 2,147 2,176 2,179
OxyContin® -- -- 615 526 533 554 478 584
Tranquilizers 1,184 1,071 1,180 1,286 1,112 1,232 1,127 1,226
Stimulants2 783 715 793 647 845 642 599 702
Sedatives 209 194 240 247 267 198 181 186
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 2,569 2,523 2,664 2,768 2,719 2,563 2,693 2,803
CIGARETTES 1,940b 1,983b 2,122b 2,282a 2,449 2,231b 2,418 2,527
Daily Cigarette Use4 1,016 1,064 1,101 965 1,051 984 942a 1,125
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 951b 928b 999b 1,134b 1,329 1,297 1,398 1,462
CIGARS 2,858 2,736a 3,058 3,349 3,061 3,076 2,884 3,135
ALCOHOL 3,942b 4,082b 4,396 4,274 4,381 4,559 4,466 4,560
100504
Table 7.29B – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.1 1.1a 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1b 1.2 1.2
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9 0.8a 0.9 0.9 0.8a 0.8a 0.9 0.9
Cocaine 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.3 0.2
Crack 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5 0.4a 0.5 0.5
LSD 0.1 0.1b 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.1b 0.0b 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3a 0.3b 0.4a 0.4
Inhalants 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1.1 1.1 1.2a 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Pain Relievers 1.0a 1.0b 1.0a 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Stimulants2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1
CIGARETTES 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 0.9 1.0 0.9a 1.0 1.0
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4a 0.4
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5b 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
CIGARS 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4a 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
ALCOHOL 1.7a 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
100504
Table 7.30A – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
2,656b 2,627b 2,784a 2,908 2,789a 2,670b 2,885 3,115
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3                
Marijuana and Hashish 1,555b 1,463b 1,516b 1,586 1,508b 1,502b 1,634a 1,841
Cocaine 29 21 43 29a 34a 16 24 8
Crack * * * 1 * * * *
Heroin 1 1 1 * 0 * 4 3
Hallucinogens 88 63 56 67 92 55 92 67
LSD 1 5 1 2 6 4 2 1
PCP 2 1 1 1 9 * 1 0
Ecstasy 52 37 26 23 46 15 28 30
Inhalants 246 340 305 331 278 287 280 306
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 742 742 869 900 880 817 853 891
Pain Relievers 525 520 635 596 620 507 649 532
OxyContin® -- -- 1a 8 1a 2a 6 23
Tranquilizers 64b 87a 109a 179 112a 173 93a 268
Stimulants2 92 102 99 73 114a 109 87 62
Sedatives 61 34 27 52 35 28 24 30
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 1,104 1,164 1,269 1,328 1,285 1,174 1,252 1,275
100504
Table 7.30B – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Percentages, 2002-2009
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3                
Marijuana and Hashish 58.6 55.7 54.5 54.5 54.1 56.2 56.6 59.1
Cocaine 1.1a 0.8 1.5 1.0a 1.2a 0.6 0.8 0.3
Crack * * * 0.0 * * * *
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.3 2.4 2.0 2.3 3.3 2.0 3.2 2.1
LSD 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 * 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.7 0.6 1.0 1.0
Inhalants 9.3 12.9a 10.9 11.4 10.0 10.7 9.7 9.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 28.0 28.2 31.2 31.0 31.5 30.6 29.6 28.6
Pain Relievers 19.8 19.8 22.8a 20.5 22.2a 19.0 22.5a 17.1
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0a 0.3 0.0a 0.1a 0.2 0.7
Tranquilizers 2.4b 3.3a 3.9a 6.2 4.0a 6.5 3.2a 8.6
Stimulants2 3.5a 3.9a 3.5 2.5 4.1a 4.1a 3.0 2.0
Sedatives 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 1.1 0.8 1.0
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 41.6 44.3 45.6 45.7 46.1a 44.0 43.4 40.9
100504
Table 7.31B – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2002-2009
Estimate Type/Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
NUMBER OF PAST YEAR INITIATES
(1,000s)
               
Total 299b 260a 318b 192 259a 157 95a 154
Gender                
Male 141b 130 142b 97 90 52 42 73
Female 158a 129 176b 95 169a 104 53 82
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG TOTAL
POPULATION
               
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1
Gender                
Male 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Female 0.1b 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG PERSONS AT
RISK FOR INITIATION1
               
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1
Gender                
Male 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Female 0.1b 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1
MEAN AGE AT FIRST USE AMONG
PAST YEAR INITIATES
               
Total 18.9 20.4 22.1 18.6 22.2 19.1 19.2 19.3
Age 12-49 18.9 20.4 20.6 18.6 22.2 19.1 19.2 19.3
Gender/Age                
Male 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4 19.8 19.7
12-49 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4 19.8 19.7
Female 18.8 20.8 23.1 18.1 23.5 19.0 18.8 19.0
12-49 18.8 20.8 20.4 18.1 23.5 19.0 18.8 19.0
100505
Table 7.32A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 7,116 6,835 7,298 6,833 7,020 6,851 6,990 7,101
Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 4,469 4,090 4,172 3,932 4,199 4,299
Cocaine 1,488a 1,515a 1,571b 1,549b 1,671b 1,598b 1,411a 1,120
Heroin 214a 189b 270 227a 323 213a 282 399
Hallucinogens 426 321 449 371 380 368 358 371
Inhalants 180 169 233a 221 176 164 175 164
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,018 1,923a 2,048 1,959 2,035 2,160 2,176 2,284
Pain Relievers 1,509a 1,424b 1,388b 1,546a 1,635 1,707 1,716 1,854
Tranquilizers 509 435 573 419 402 443 451 481
Stimulants2 436 378 470 409 390 406 351 371
Sedatives 154 158 128 97 121 154 126 147
ALCOHOL 18,100 17,805 18,654 18,658 18,799 18,638 18,331 18,657
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,210 3,054 3,445 3,273 3,205 3,175 3,090 3,229
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,006 21,586 22,506 22,218 22,613 22,313 22,231 22,530
100505
Table 7.32B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7
Cocaine 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.6b 0.7b 0.6b 0.6a 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6a 0.6b 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
ALCOHOL 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.4
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.4 9.1 9.4 9.1 9.2 9.0 8.9 8.9
100505
Table 7.33A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,636 4,374a 4,852 4,718 4,838 4,684 4,866 4,877
Marijuana and Hashish 2,614 2,520 2,670 2,619 2,616 2,501 2,683 2,632
Cocaine 1,025a 961 1,175b 1,144b 1,211b 1,162b 959 753
Heroin 198 169a 226 199 296 178a 253 348
Hallucinogens 136 135 180 143 120 107 125 184
Inhalants 47 37 90 46 48 45 83 64
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,242b 1,275b 1,395a 1,366a 1,310b 1,552 1,527 1,716
Pain Relievers 936b 943b 970b 1,102a 1,072a 1,264 1,243 1,395
Tranquilizers 251 196 252 243 177 201 232 268
Stimulants2 259 260 359 273 277 305 236 286
Sedatives 131 112 89 54 53 94 92 115
ALCOHOL 8,222 7,563b 8,355 7,974a 8,407 8,450 8,755 8,898
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,334 1,066a 1,414 1,366 1,329 1,369 1,323 1,363
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 11,524 10,871b 11,794 11,326a 11,916 11,765 12,297 12,413
100505
Table 7.33B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9
Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0
Cocaine 0.4a 0.4a 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.5a 0.5a 0.6 0.6a 0.5a 0.6 0.6 0.7
Pain Relievers 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5a 0.4a 0.5 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5 3.2a 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9
100504
Table 7.34A – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION                
Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802b 2,192 2,172 2,457 2,163 2,082 2,316
Alcohol 2,405b 2,359b 2,658 2,843 2,764 2,733 2,894 3,090
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522 1,566 1,406 1,317 1,550
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483b 3,327b 3,791 3,930 4,031 3,913 4,045 4,276
SPECIALTY FACILITY                
Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103a 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343 1,209 1,495
Alcohol 1,549 1,298a 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567 1,560 1,705
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 709 595 718 748 731 615 577 756
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412 2,287 2,627
100504
Table 7.34B – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION                
Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8a 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9
Alcohol 1.0a 1.0a 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4b 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
SPECIALTY FACILITY                
Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5a 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
Alcohol 0.7 0.5a 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8b 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0
100504
Table 7.35A – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,748 7,333 8,053 7,550 7,756 7,528 7,559 7,846
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,412 1,103a 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343 1,209 1,495
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 6,335 6,230 6,626 6,269 6,180 6,185 6,351 6,351
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638 18,215 19,360 19,378 19,520 19,301 18,951 19,317
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,549 1,298a 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567 1,560 1,705
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089 16,917 17,824 17,752 17,963 17,734 17,391 17,613
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL1
22,811 22,165a 23,476 23,172 23,591 23,202 23,051 23,523
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412 2,287 2,627
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465 20,290 21,149 20,864 21,054 20,790 20,764 20,897
100504
Table 7.35B – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2009
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.1
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6 0.5a 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9 7.7 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.7
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7 0.5a 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.0 7.0
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS
OR ALCOHOL1
9.7 9.3 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.2 9.3
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0 0.8b 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7 8.5 8.8a 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.3 8.3
100511
Table 7.36B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2009
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates were adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted by formally modeling the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, using 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2009 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2009.
1971 5.1 17.3 5.7
1972 6.0 27.8 10.3
1974 10.2 25.2 9.1
1976 10.5 25.0 12.5
1977 14.1 27.4 13.7
1979 14.2 35.6 19.7
1982 9.9 27.2 19.0
1985 10.2 21.7 19.0
1988 5.4 15.3 12.3
1990 4.4 12.7 9.5
1991 3.6 12.9 7.7
1992 3.4 10.9 9.3
1993 4.0 11.1 7.5
1994 6.0 12.1 6.9
1995 8.2 12.0 6.7
1996 7.1 13.2 6.3
1997 9.4 12.8 6.0
1998 8.3 13.8 5.5
1999 7.2 14.2 5.4
2000 7.2 13.6 5.9
2001 8.0 16.0 6.8
2002 8.2 17.3 7.7
2003 7.9 17.0 8.4
2004 7.6 16.1 8.3
2005 6.8 16.6 8.6
2006 6.7 16.3 8.5
2007 6.7 16.4 7.9
2008 6.7 16.5 8.8
2009 7.3 18.1 9.6
100511
Table 7.37B – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2009
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates have been adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted using a simple ratio correction factor that measured the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, estimated at the total population level using pooled 1993 and 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for further information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2009 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2009.
1971 -- -- --
1972 1.3 -- --
1974 2.3 7.0 --
1976 2.0 6.1 --
1977 2.2 8.8 --
1979 3.6 17.0 5.7
1982 3.7 15.9 9.3
1985 3.4 13.6 10.5
1988 2.5 10.5 7.0
1990 1.9 6.5 5.9
1991 1.3 6.7 4.4
1992 1.0 5.5 4.3
1993 0.7 4.4 3.8
1994 1.1 3.6 3.5
1995 1.7 4.3 3.1
1996 1.4 4.7 3.5
1997 2.2 3.9 3.1
1998 1.7 4.7 2.7
1999 1.6 5.2 2.4
2000 1.7 4.4 2.1
2001 1.5 5.7 2.7
2002 2.1 6.7 3.6
2003 1.8 6.6 4.1
2004 1.6 6.6 4.0
2005 1.7 6.9 3.1
2006 1.6 6.9 4.4
2007 1.5 6.4 3.6
2008 1.2 5.5 4.0
2009 1.0 5.3 3.4

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