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100510
Table 6.55A – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 203 206 40 26 61 77 102 104
From More Than One Doctor 17 24 4 3 6 7 7 14
Wrote Fake Prescription 11 11 2 3 2 1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
20 19 6 7 8 6 5 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 1,161 1,073 142a 107 477 477 542 489
Bought from Friend or Relative 290a 381 44 38 188 230 58a 113
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
128 119 35 27 44 30 49 62
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
125 135 25 23 57 72 43 40
Bought on the Internet 85b 33 3 2 12 11 70a 21
Some Other Way 85 62 18 11 18 29 49 23
100510
Table 6.55B – Source Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 9.6 10.0 12.6 10.5 7.0 8.1 10.9 11.9
From More Than One Doctor 0.8 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.6
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.4 0.2 0.1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.9 0.9 2.0 2.9 0.9 0.7 0.6 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 54.6 52.0 44.4 43.3 54.6 50.8 58.1 55.8
Bought from Friend or Relative 13.6b 18.4 13.7 15.2 21.6 24.5 6.2a 12.9
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
6.0 5.8 10.9 11.0 5.0 3.2 5.3 7.1
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
5.9 6.5 7.9 9.3 6.6 7.7 4.6 4.5
Bought on the Internet 4.0b 1.6 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.1 7.5a 2.3
Some Other Way 4.0 3.0 5.8 4.3 2.1 3.1 5.2 2.6
100510
Table 6.56A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 722 696 72 59 336 323 * 313
From More Than One Doctor 29 33 11 4 14 11 4 19
Wrote Fake Prescription 0 * 0 * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
2 4 * 1 1 3 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 125 92 16 10 50 43 * 39
Bought from Friend or Relative 104 49 8 9 27 31 * 9
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
8 9 5 5 3 4 * 1
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
12 28 5 4 6 11 1 *
Bought on the Internet 14 7 1 * 6a 1 7 *
Some Other Way 6 17 1 1 0 3 5 *
100510
Table 6.56B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Stimulants from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 70.6 74.4 59.2 64.7 75.9 75.1 * 75.7
From More Than One Doctor 2.8 3.6 8.9 4.3 3.1 2.5 0.9 4.5
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.0 * 0.1 * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.2 0.4 * 0.7 0.2 0.8 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 12.2 9.9 13.5 10.8 11.3 10.0 * 9.5
Bought from Friend or Relative 10.2 5.2 6.6 9.3 6.1 7.3 * 2.2
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.8 1.0 4.4 4.9 0.7 0.9 * 0.2
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
1.2 3.0 4.2 3.9 1.4 2.7 0.3 *
Bought on the Internet 1.4 0.7 1.0 * 1.3a 0.1 1.5 *
Some Other Way 0.6 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.1 0.6 1.0 *
100510
Table 6.57A – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 107 122 23 17 31 41 * 64
From More Than One Doctor 18 26 5 4 10 5 * 16
Wrote Fake Prescription 3 6 1 4 * 1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
12 14 3 5 3 4 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 359 379 42 40 154 156 * 184
Bought from Friend or Relative 130b 205 13 17 86 102 31a 86
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
73 79 11 13 27 18 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
55a 91 9 15 35 43 * 33
Bought on the Internet 46 21 * 1 10 4 * *
Some Other Way 36 22 6 5 6 10 * *
100510
Table 6.57B – Sources Where Stimulants Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical
Use among Past Month Stimulant Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained stimulants for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 15.2 15.5 22.9 18.8 11.5 12.8 * 17.0
From More Than One Doctor 2.6 3.2 4.8 4.6 3.8 1.6 * 4.3
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.4 0.7 1.3 4.6 * 0.5 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
1.6 1.8 2.9 5.0 1.2 1.3 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 50.7 48.1 41.7 44.0 56.5 48.6 * 48.6
Bought from Friend or Relative 18.3a 26.0 13.5 18.9 31.4 31.8 9.1a 22.7
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
10.3 10.0 10.7 14.6 10.0 5.6 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
7.7 11.6 9.4 16.1 13.0 13.4 * 8.9
Bought on the Internet 6.6 2.7 * 1.1 3.6 1.3 * *
Some Other Way 5.1 2.9 5.7 5.9 2.2 3.2 * *
100510
Table 6.58A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * 239 * * 111 106 * *
From More Than One Doctor 10 15 * * 4 5 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 3 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
1 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 75 * * 32 25 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 42 * * 18 13 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
6 14 * * 5 3 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
25 22 * * 12 8 * *
Bought on the Internet 9 2 * * * 2 * *
Some Other Way 6 * * * 0 0 * *
100510
Table 6.58B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Stimulants among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Stimulants Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Stimulants1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained stimulants; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Month Stimulant Use refers only to nonmedical stimulant use and does not include those reporting only methamphetamine use. Additionally, respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * 68.5 * * 76.1 74.9 * *
From More Than One Doctor 3.1 4.4 * * 3.0 3.3 * *
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.8 * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.3 * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 21.6 * * 21.6 17.5 * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * 12.2 * * 12.1 9.1 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1.9 4.1 * * 3.6 2.3 * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
7.6 6.3 * * 8.1 5.7 * *
Bought on the Internet 2.7 0.5 * * * 1.1 * *
Some Other Way 1.8 * * * 0.3 0.3 * *
100510
Table 6.59A – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 716b 372 67b 36 223b 140 425b 196
Bought from Friend or Relative 361 266 24a 11 97b 46 240 209
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
27 36 7 8 9 7 11 *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
296a 193 21 11 84a 53 191 129
Bought on the Internet 13 6 * * 1 2 * *
Some Other Way 26 37 3 1 13 9 * 27
100510
Table 6.59B – Source Where Methamphetamine was Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 49.7a 40.9 54.1 51.7 52.4 54.3 47.9a 33.6
Bought from Friend or Relative 25.1 29.2 19.3 15.7 22.7 17.8 27.0 35.9
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1.9 4.0 5.9 10.9 2.1 2.9 1.2 *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
20.5 21.2 16.6 15.0 19.6 20.7 21.5 22.2
Bought on the Internet 0.9 0.7 * * 0.1 0.9 * *
Some Other Way 1.8 4.0 2.5 1.0 3.0 3.4 * 4.7
100510
Table 6.60A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Methamphetamine from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Methamphetamine1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 141 132 19 * 54 43 68 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 254b 98 * * 66 41 163 *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 8 7 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
184b 60 * * 59b 22 * *
Bought on the Internet 0 * 0 * * * * *
Some Other Way 20 10 * * 10 8 8 *
100510
Table 6.60B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Methamphetamine from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Methamphetamine1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 23.3b 42.6 30.9 * 28.2 36.4 19.3 *
Bought from Friend or Relative 41.8 31.6 * * 34.0 34.0 46.1 *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 1.3 2.2 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
30.4 19.5 * * 30.4 18.5 * *
Bought on the Internet 0.0 * 0.2 * * * * *
Some Other Way 3.3 3.3 * * 5.4 6.7 2.1 *
100510
Table 6.61A – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 308b 182 * * 68 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 242a 146 * * 44 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
22 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
184 122 * * 39 * * *
Bought on the Internet 1 1 * * 1 * * *
Some Other Way 16 28 * * 6 * 6 *
100510
Table 6.61B – Sources Where Methamphetamine Was Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Methamphetamine Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained methamphetamine for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free 55.3 49.2 * * 54.7 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 43.2 39.4 * * 35.8 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
3.9 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
33.0 32.9 * * 31.4 * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.2 0.2 * * 0.5 * * *
Some Other Way 3.0 8.0 * * 5.2 * 1.5 *
100510
Table 6.62A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Methamphetamine1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 6 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 4 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
100510
Table 6.62B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Methamphetamine Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Methamphetamine1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained methamphetamine; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Methamphetamine for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without Asking 2.2 * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 1.6 * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
100510
Table 6.63A – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 176a 89 17 13 20 23 140a 54
From More Than One Doctor 12 25 3 2 4 * 5 20
Wrote Fake Prescription 6 4 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
5 8 * 0 1 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 472 363 34 41 88 85 350 237
Bought from Friend or Relative 64 55 9 14 23 16 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
22 37 5a 14 10 * 6 7
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
25 28 4 5 9 5 13 18
Bought on the Internet 5 * 1 * * 0 * *
Some Other Way 24 29 6 1 4 5 15 *
100510
Table 6.63B – Source Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 21.7 13.8 20.3 13.8 12.4 14.3 24.5 13.5
From More Than One Doctor 1.5 3.8 3.9 2.2 2.5 * 0.8 5.1
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.8 0.7 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.6 1.2 * 0.4 0.5 * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 58.0 56.2 42.4 44.9 54.8 54.0 61.2 59.6
Bought from Friend or Relative 7.9 8.5 10.9 15.0 14.3 10.2 * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
2.6a 5.7 6.6a 15.6 6.5 * 1.0 1.8
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
3.1 4.3 4.7 5.4 5.5 2.9 2.2 4.6
Bought on the Internet 0.6 * 1.2 * * 0.1 * *
Some Other Way 3.0 4.5 6.8a 1.1 2.2 3.1 2.7 *
100510
Table 6.64A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Sedatives1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 379 270 * * 59 * * *
From More Than One Doctor 11 3 * * 2 * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0 6 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 12 33 * * 8 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 6 2 * * 3 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
2 3 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
2 2 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0 * * * 0 * * *
Some Other Way * 3 * * 2 * * *
100510
Table 6.64B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Sedatives from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Sedatives1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 89.9 82.0 * * 79.6 * * *
From More Than One Doctor 2.6 1.0 * * 2.4 * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.0 1.9 * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 3.0a 10.0 * * 10.1 * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 1.3 0.7 * * 4.5 * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
0.4 1.0 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
0.4 0.7 * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet 0.0 * * * 0.3 * * *
Some Other Way * 1.0 * * 2.3 * * *
100510
Table 6.65A – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * 60 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 6 19 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * 1 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 141 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 26 * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
17 22 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
21 * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * 1 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 15 7 * * * * * *
100510
Table 6.65B – Sources Where Sedatives Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Sedative Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained sedatives for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * 22.2 * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor 1.7 6.9 * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0.3 * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * 51.6 * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative 7.9 * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
5.2 8.0 * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
6.4 * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * 0.2 * * * * * *
Some Other Way 4.8 2.7 * * * * * *
100510
Table 6.66A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Sedatives1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
* * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
100510
Table 6.66B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Sedatives among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Sedatives Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Sedatives1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained sedatives; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor * * * * * * * *
From More Than One Doctor * * * * * * * *
Wrote Fake Prescription * * * * * * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
* * * * * * * *
From Friend or Relative for Free * * * * * * * *
Bought from Friend or Relative * * * * * * * *
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
* * * * * * * *
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
* * * * * * * *
Bought on the Internet * * * * * * * *
Some Other Way * * * * * * * *
100511
Table 6.67A – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE            
Drank Alone 462 523 299 357 163 167
Drank with One Other Person 1,331 1,360 711 706 620 654
Drank with Two or More Other People 8,003 8,272 4,133 4,411 3,871 3,861
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE2            
Car or Other Vehicle 371 431 196 224 175 207
Home 2,868 2,940 1,523 1,670 1,344 1,270
Someone Else's Home 5,447 5,633 2,830 2,959 2,617 2,674
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 462 445 248 277 214 167
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 834 867 357 377 477 490
Concert or Sports Game 175 191 125 104 50a 87
School 162a 240 68a 135 95 104
Some Other Place3 637 655 338 388 299 267
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 203 206 82 122 120 84
Outside (Location not Specified) 92 88 59 56 32 31
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 61 71 24 34 37 37
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 53 41 43 25 9 16
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 16 28 9 21 6 7
Dorm Room 10 10 7 3 4 7
100511
Table 6.67B – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE            
Drank Alone 4.7 5.2 5.8 6.5 3.5 3.6
Drank with One Other Person 13.6 13.4 13.8 12.9 13.3 14.0
Drank with Two or More Other People 81.7 81.5 80.4 80.6 83.2 82.5
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE2            
Car or Other Vehicle 3.8 4.3 3.9 4.1 3.8 4.5
Home 29.6 29.2 30.1 30.8 29.1 27.3
Someone Else's Home 56.2 55.9 55.9 54.6 56.6 57.5
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 4.8 4.4 4.9 5.1 4.6 3.6
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 8.6 8.6 7.0 7.0 10.3 10.5
Concert or Sports Game 1.8 1.9 2.5 1.9 1.1a 1.9
School 1.7a 2.4 1.3a 2.5 2.1 2.2
Some Other Place3 6.6 6.6 6.7 7.3 6.5 5.8
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.3 2.6 1.8
Outside (Location not Specified) 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.7
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.6 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.4
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2
Dorm Room 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
100511
Table 6.68A – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2009)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2009)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE                
Drank Alone 462 523 57 46 151 178 254 299
Drank with One Other Person 1,331 1,360 114 140 362 417 855 803
Drank with Two or More Other People 8,003 8,272 460a 377 2,315 2,321 5,228 5,573
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE2                
Car or Other Vehicle 371 431 18 24 140 172 213 235
Home 2,868 2,940 241 212 677 744 1,950 1,983
Someone Else's Home 5,447 5,633 306 279 1,719 1,746 3,422 3,608
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 462 445 44 39 165 153 252 253
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 834 867 13 16 106 73 714 778
Concert or Sports Game 175 191 1a 11 51 52 124 128
School 162a 240 13 11 30 47 120a 181
Some Other Place3 637 655 49 37 236 223 352 394
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 203 206 11 19 93 66 99 121
Outside (Location not Specified) 92 88 5 4 52 35 35 49
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 61 71 3 1 15 25 44 45
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 53 41 4 2 13 19 37 21
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 16 28 5 0 5 17 6 11
Dorm Room 10 10 * * 0 0 10 10
100511
Table 6.68B – Social Context and Location of Most Recent Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Social Context and Location
of Most Recent Alcohol Use1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2009)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2009)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple locations for the most recent time they used alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Some Other Place includes only valid responses from the other-specify questions, including these six types of commonly reported locations.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SOCIAL CONTEXT OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE                
Drank Alone 4.7 5.2 9.0 8.1 5.3 6.1 4.0 4.5
Drank with One Other Person 13.6 13.4 18.1a 24.9 12.8 14.3 13.5 12.0
Drank with Two or More Other People 81.7 81.5 72.9 67.0 81.9 79.6 82.5 83.5
LOCATION OF MOST RECENT ALCOHOL USE2                
Car or Other Vehicle 3.8 4.3 2.9 4.3 5.0 6.0 3.4 3.5
Home 29.6 29.2 39.2 38.6 24.4 25.9 31.0 29.9
Someone Else's Home 56.2 55.9 49.9 50.7 61.9 60.7 54.3 54.3
Park, Beach, or Parking Lot 4.8 4.4 7.3 7.1 5.9 5.3 4.0 3.8
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 8.6 8.6 2.1 2.9 3.8a 2.5 11.3 11.7
Concert or Sports Game 1.8 1.9 0.1a 2.0 1.8 1.8 2.0 1.9
School 1.7a 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.1 1.6 1.9 2.7
Some Other Place3 6.6 6.6 8.1 7.0 8.6 8.0 5.6 6.0
Party, Wedding, or Celebration 2.1 2.1 1.8 3.6 3.4 2.4 1.6 1.8
Outside (Location not Specified) 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.9 1.2 0.6 0.7
Hotel, Motel, or Resort 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.7
Camping, Hunting, or Fishing 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3
Cabin, Cottage, Vacation Home, etc. 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.2
Dorm Room 0.1 0.1 * * 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1
100511
Table 6.69A – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 3,012 3,076 1,878 1,961 1,133 1,115
Purchased It Himself or Herself 814 912 577 632 237 280
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 692 766 485 521 207 245
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 440 471 343 361 97 110
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 226 271 116 144 110 127
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 26 24 25 16 1 8
From Another Person 119 139 92 104 27 35
From Person under Age 21 45 60 40 49 5 11
From Person Aged 21 or Older 71 75 52 52 19 24
Purchased by Someone Else 2,178 2,157 1,291 1,324 887 834
Parent or Guardian 80 55 40 27 40 28
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 229 213 125 115 104 98
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 1,553 1,560 914 967 639 593
Someone under Age 21 262 247 175 165 86 82
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 6,768 7,077 3,253 3,508 3,515 3,569
Got It from Parent or Guardian 553 586 251 299 302 287
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 867 869 420 443 447 426
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 2,532 2,623 1,141 1,156 1,391 1,467
Got It from Someone under Age 21 1,429 1,405 692 687 737 718
Took It from Own Home 392 428 201 247 191 181
Took It from Someone Else's Home 216 265 97 131 119 134
Got It Some Other Way 465 502 268 299 198 203
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
   and Method2
188 191 100 103 88 89
100511
Table 6.69B – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Male
(2008)
Male
(2009)
Female
(2008)
Female
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 30.8 30.3 36.6 35.9 24.4 23.8
Purchased It Himself or Herself 8.3 9.0 11.3 11.6 5.1 6.0
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 7.1 7.6 9.5 9.5 4.5 5.2
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 4.5 4.6 6.7 6.6 2.1 2.3
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.4 2.7
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.2
From Another Person 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.9 0.6 0.7
From Person under Age 21 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.2
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.5
Purchased by Someone Else 22.3 21.3 25.2 24.2 19.1 17.8
Parent or Guardian 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.6
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 2.4 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.1
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 16.0 15.5 18.0 17.9 13.8 12.8
Someone under Age 21 2.7 2.5 3.4 3.0 1.9 1.8
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 69.2 69.7 63.4 64.1 75.6 76.2
Got It from Parent or Guardian 5.8 6.0 5.1 5.7 6.7 6.3
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 9.2 8.9 8.5 8.5 9.9 9.4
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 26.8 26.9 23.1 22.1 30.8 32.4
Got It from Someone under Age 21 15.1 14.4 14.0 13.1 16.3 15.9
Took It from Own Home 4.1 4.4 4.1 4.7 4.2 4.0
Took It from Someone Else's Home 2.3 2.7 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.9
Got It Some Other Way 4.9 5.1 5.4 5.7 4.4 4.5
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
   and Method2
2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
100511
Table 6.70A – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2009)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2009)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 3,012 3,076 34 31 643 652 2,334 2,393
Purchased It Himself or Herself 814 912 7 6 97 126 710 780
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 692 766 5 2 65 83 623 681
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 440 471 4 1 44 61 391 409
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 226 271 0 1 18 21 208 249
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 26 24 * * 3 1 23 23
From Another Person 119 139 2 4 32 43 85 92
From Person under Age 21 45 60 2 2 13 24 29 34
From Person Aged 21 or Older 71 75 * 2 16 18 55 56
Purchased by Someone Else 2,178 2,157 27 25 541 523 1,610 1,609
Parent or Guardian 80 55 2 2 21 16 58 37
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 229 213 3 2 46 39 180 172
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 1,553 1,560 12 14 372 350 1,170 1,196
Someone under Age 21 262 247 8 4 86 97 168 146
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 6,768 7,077 594 529 2,178 2,270 3,997 4,278
Got It from Parent or Guardian 553 586 87 70 210 215 256 301
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 867 869 83 80 241 267 543 522
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 2,532 2,623 82 64 577 529 1,873 2,030
Got It from Someone under Age 21 1,429 1,405 118 104 599 588 712 712
Took It from Own Home 392 428 103 75 154 200 135 154
Took It from Someone Else's Home 216 265 39 38 87 122 90 105
Got It Some Other Way 465 502 40 37 181 199 245 266
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
   and Method2
188 191 14 15 93 94 81 82
100511
Table 6.70B – Source Where Alcohol was Obtained for Most Recent Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 to 20, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Most Recent Alcohol Use
in the Past Month1
Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-14
(2008)
Aged 12-14
(2009)
Aged 15-17
(2008)
Aged 15-17
(2009)
Aged 18-20
(2008)
Aged 18-20
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown responses were excluded.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month. This source is one of the most commonly reported other sources for most recent alcohol use in the past month.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
UNDERAGE DRINKER PAID 30.8 30.3 5.4 5.5 22.8 22.3 36.9 35.9
Purchased It Himself or Herself 8.3 9.0 1.1 1.0 3.4 4.3 11.2 11.7
From Store, Restaurant, Bar, Club, or Event 7.1 7.6 0.7 0.4 2.3 2.8 9.9 10.2
Liquor, Convenience, or Grocery Store 4.5 4.6 0.7 0.2 1.6 2.1 6.2 6.1
Restaurant, Bar, or Club 2.3 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.7 3.3 3.7
Concert, Sports, or Other Event 0.3 0.2 * * 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.3
From Another Person 1.2 1.4 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.5 1.3 1.4
From Person under Age 21 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.5
From Person Aged 21 or Older 0.7 0.7 * 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.8
Purchased by Someone Else 22.3 21.3 4.3 4.5 19.2 17.9 25.5 24.1
Parent or Guardian 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.6
Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 2.4 2.1 0.5 0.4 1.6 1.4 2.9 2.6
Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 16.0 15.5 1.9 2.6 13.3 12.1 18.6 18.1
Someone under Age 21 2.7 2.5 1.3 0.6 3.1 3.4 2.7 2.2
UNDERAGE DRINKER DID NOT PAY 69.2 69.7 94.6 94.5 77.2 77.7 63.1 64.1
Got It from Parent or Guardian 5.8 6.0 14.9 14.0 7.8 7.8 4.1 4.6
Got It from Another Family Member Aged 21 or Older 9.2 8.9 14.2 16.0 8.9 9.6 8.8 8.1
Got It from Someone Not Related Aged 21 or Older 26.8 26.9 14.0 12.9 21.4 19.1 30.3 31.3
Got It from Someone under Age 21 15.1 14.4 20.1 20.9 22.3 21.2 11.5 11.0
Took It from Own Home 4.1 4.4 17.5 15.0 5.7 7.2 2.2 2.4
Took It from Someone Else's Home 2.3 2.7 6.7 7.6 3.2 4.4 1.5 1.6
Got It Some Other Way 4.9 5.1 6.8 7.4 6.7 7.2 4.0 4.1
From Friend or Acquaintance, Unspecified Age
   and Method2
2.0 2.0 2.3 3.1 3.5 3.4 1.3 1.3
100506
Table 6.71A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5,913a 6,385 135 113 5,718b 6,228
Marijuana and Hashish 4,179b 4,735 98 98 4,031b 4,608
Cocaine 590a 455 10 3 577a 447
Crack 112 92 7 * 104 91
Heroin 47 70 2 2 45 66
Hallucinogens 345 401 4 17 337 383
LSD 33 47 0 4 32 41
PCP 7 17 0 4 6 12
Ecstasy 218 268 2 17 216 251
Inhalants 162 136 7 7 154 128
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2,256 2,326 32 26 2,204 2,277
Pain Relievers 1,608 1,703 20 22 1,571 1,661
OxyContin® 98a 139 1 4 97 133
Tranquilizers 676 785 8 14 662 765
Stimulants4 466 437 10 6 454 422
Methamphetamine4 209a 135 2 5 206a 128
Sedatives 116 90 1 4 114 85
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 2,887 2,905 49 44 2,815 2,837
100506
Table 6.71B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Drug Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 9.5b 10.3 5.2 4.5 9.7b 10.6
Marijuana and Hashish 6.7b 7.7 3.8 3.9 6.8b 7.8
Cocaine 1.0a 0.7 0.4 0.1 1.0a 0.8
Crack 0.2 0.1 0.3 * 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.7 0.6 0.6
LSD 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 3.6 3.8 1.2 1.0 3.7 3.9
Pain Relievers 2.6 2.8 0.8 0.9 2.7 2.8
OxyContin® 0.2a 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.3 0.3 0.5 1.1 1.3
Stimulants4 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.8 0.7
Methamphetamine4 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3a 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.7 4.7 1.9 1.7 4.8 4.8
100506
Table 6.72A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 5,913a 6,385 135 113 5,718b 6,228
AGE            
15-17 867 831 20 14 832 803
18-25 2,528a 2,694 69 65 2,430 2,613
26-44 2,519a 2,860 46 33 2,456a 2,812
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,274 5,619 120 97 5,101a 5,485
White 4,135 4,416 92 56 4,012a 4,339
Black or African American 857 913 22 36 820 861
American Indian or Alaska Native 46 40 * * 43 37
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 18 * * * 18
Asian 116 108 * * 111 108
Two or More Races 101 124 * * 96 122
Hispanic or Latino 639 766 15 15 616 743
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 45 65 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 54 29 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 27 18 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.72B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 9.5b 10.3 5.2 4.5 9.7b 10.6
AGE            
15-17 13.5 13.2 22.6 15.8 13.3 13.0
18-25 15.6 16.3 7.2 7.1 16.0 16.8
26-44 6.4a 7.3 3.0 2.2 6.5a 7.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 10.2a 11.0 5.8 4.7 10.4b 11.2
White 10.8a 11.7 6.2a 3.7 10.9b 12.0
Black or African American 9.9 10.6 5.7 10.6 10.1 10.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.3 12.8 * * 13.8 12.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 6.5 * * * 6.6
Asian 3.6 3.3 * * 3.7 3.4
Two or More Races 13.3 16.2 * * 13.1 16.9
Hispanic or Latino 6.2 7.1 2.9 3.3 6.3 7.3
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 5.3 8.5 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 5.7 3.2 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 3.5 2.2 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.73A – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 4,179b 4,735 98 98 4,031b 4,608
AGE            
15-17 647 633 16 12 619 610
18-25 1,996a 2,173 51 60 1,922a 2,102
26-44 1,536b 1,929 31 26 1,490b 1,895
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,775b 4,220 90 83 3,641b 4,112
White 2,951b 3,277 70 46 2,854b 3,215
Black or African American 630 715 18 33 599 674
American Indian or Alaska Native 33 31 * * 32 29
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7 15 * * 7 15
Asian 69 68 * * 69 68
Two or More Races 86 113 * * 81 112
Hispanic or Latino 404a 515 8 15 390a 496
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 39 56 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 40 26 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 13 15 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.73B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 6.7b 7.7 3.8 3.9 6.8b 7.8
AGE            
15-17 10.1 10.0 17.7 13.3 9.9 9.9
18-25 12.3 13.1 5.3 6.5 12.7 13.5
26-44 3.9b 5.0 2.0 1.7 4.0b 5.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.3b 8.3 4.3 4.1 7.4b 8.4
White 7.7b 8.7 4.7 3.0 7.8b 8.9
Black or African American 7.3 8.3 4.6 9.6 7.4 8.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.2 10.0 * * 10.4 9.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.7 5.5 * * 2.8 5.5
Asian 2.1 2.0 * * 2.3 2.1
Two or More Races 11.3 14.9 * * 11.1 15.5
Hispanic or Latino 3.9 4.8 1.5 3.1 4.0 4.9
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 4.7 7.3 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 4.2 2.8 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 1.7 1.9 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.74A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 18,069 17,441 431 393 17,514 16,960
Cigarettes 17,317a 16,607 426 385 16,774 16,138
Smokeless Tobacco 211a 280 3 8 200a 269
Cigars 2,025 1,991 34 31 1,974 1,952
Pipe Tobacco 182a 246 2 8 178 234
ALCOHOL 31,874 32,483 302 253 31,386 32,083
Binge Alcohol Use3 14,427 14,583 97 111 14,240 14,416
Heavy Alcohol Use3 3,302 3,272 19 21 3,263 3,238
100506
Table 6.74B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy Status: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Substance Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 29.1 28.2 16.6 15.6 29.7 28.8
Cigarettes 27.9a 26.9 16.4 15.3 28.4a 27.4
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3a 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3a 0.5
Cigars 3.3 3.2 1.3 1.2 3.3 3.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.3a 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4
ALCOHOL 51.4 52.6 11.6 10.0 53.2a 54.4
Binge Alcohol Use3 23.3 23.6 3.7 4.4 24.1 24.5
Heavy Alcohol Use3 5.3 5.3 0.7 0.8 5.5 5.5
100506
Table 6.75A – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 17,317a 16,607 426 385 16,774 16,138
AGE            
15-17 1,039b 892 21 18 1,002b 859
18-25 5,417a 5,208 224 203 5,155 4,971
26-44 10,860 10,507 180 164 10,616 10,309
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,538a 14,706 386 361 15,056a 14,269
White 12,808a 12,086 298 293 12,464b 11,727
Black or African American 1,893 1,836 58 56 1,804 1,773
American Indian or Alaska Native 127 155 * * 123 150
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 53 * * * 49 *
Asian 390 297 * * 359 295
Two or More Races 267 255 * * 257 248
Hispanic or Latino 1,779 1,901 40 24 1,718 1,869
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 179 172 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 147 117 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 85 94 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.75B – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 27.9a 26.9 16.4 15.3 28.4a 27.4
AGE            
15-17 16.2b 14.1 24.3 20.6 16.0b 13.9
18-25 33.3b 31.5 23.3 22.0 33.9b 32.0
26-44 27.6 27.0 11.6 10.8 28.3 27.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 30.1a 28.8 18.5 17.6 30.6a 29.3
White 33.3a 32.0 19.9 19.2 33.9a 32.5
Black or African American 22.0 21.3 15.0 16.3 22.2 21.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 39.5 49.4 * * 39.8 50.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 21.1 * * * 20.4 *
Asian 12.0 9.0 * * 11.8 9.3
Two or More Races 35.1 33.4 * * 35.1 34.5
Hispanic or Latino 17.2 17.7 7.7 5.1 17.6 18.4
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 21.4 22.4 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 15.4 12.6 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 10.8 11.6 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.76A – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 31,874 32,483 302 253 31,386 32,083
AGE            
15-17 1,621b 1,433 14 15 1,591b 1,404
18-25 9,345 9,560 94 94 9,193 9,424
26-44 20,908 21,490 194 145 20,601 21,255
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 27,905 28,160 281a 203 27,466 27,830
White 22,595 22,402 217a 145 22,280 22,166
Black or African American 3,662 3,972 61 55 3,565 3,887
American Indian or Alaska Native 134 151 * * 131 150
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 86 * * * 86 *
Asian 1,010 1,110 * * 991 1,109
Two or More Races 419 394 * * 413 387
Hispanic or Latino 3,969 4,323 21a 50 3,920 4,252
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 147 156 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 79 60 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 63a 28 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.76B – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 51.4 52.6 11.6 10.0 53.2a 54.4
AGE            
15-17 25.3b 22.7 15.8 16.7 25.4b 22.8
18-25 57.5 57.8 9.8 10.1 60.5 60.7
26-44 53.1a 55.2 12.5 9.6 54.9b 57.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 54.0 55.2 13.5a 9.9 55.8a 57.1
White 58.8 59.3 14.5a 9.5 60.6 61.4
Black or African American 42.5a 46.1 15.7 16.0 43.8a 47.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 41.4 48.2 * * 42.3 50.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 34.5 * * * 35.9 *
Asian 31.1 33.5 * * 32.6 35.0
Two or More Races 55.1 51.5 * * 56.4 53.9
Hispanic or Latino 38.3 40.3 4.1a 10.6 40.1 41.8
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 17.6 20.4 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 8.2 6.5 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 8.0a 3.5 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.77A – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 14,427 14,583 97 111 14,240 14,416
AGE            
15-17 968b 852 9 13 947b 829
18-25 5,501 5,554 49 46 5,424 5,477
26-44 7,959 8,177 39 52 7,868 8,109
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 12,540 12,416 83 85 12,380 12,283
White 10,421 10,224 51 59 10,323 10,133
Black or African American 1,458 1,520 30 24 1,413 1,481
American Indian or Alaska Native 102 91 * * 100 90
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 55 * * * 55 *
Asian 321 315 * * 309 314
Two or More Races 183 195 * * 179 194
Hispanic or Latino 1,887a 2,167 13 26 1,860a 2,132
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 56 91 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 21 8 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 7 6 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.77B – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 23.3 23.6 3.7 4.4 24.1 24.5
AGE            
15-17 15.1b 13.5 10.3 14.3 15.1b 13.4
18-25 33.9 33.6 5.1 5.0 35.7 35.3
26-44 20.2 21.0 2.5 3.4 21.0 21.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 24.3 24.3 4.0 4.1 25.1 25.2
White 27.1 27.1 3.4 3.9 28.1 28.1
Black or African American 16.9 17.6 7.8 7.0 17.4 18.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 31.8 28.9 * * 32.3 30.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 22.3 * * * 23.2 *
Asian 9.9 9.5 * * 10.2 9.9
Two or More Races 24.1 25.5 * * 24.4 26.9
Hispanic or Latino 18.2 20.2 2.5 5.5 19.0 21.0
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 6.6a 11.9 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 2.2 0.9 N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.9 0.8 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.78A – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 3,302 3,272 19 21 3,263 3,238
AGE            
15-17 212 192 2 4 204 185
18-25 1,587a 1,435 9 10 1,572a 1,415
26-44 1,503 1,645 7 7 1,487 1,639
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,968 2,950 16 16 2,933 2,924
White 2,590 2,578 13 12 2,568 2,557
Black or African American 244 275 3 3 232 271
American Indian or Alaska Native 30a 12 * * 30a 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7 10 * * 7 10
Asian 50 36 * * 50 36
Two or More Races 47 38 * * 46 38
Hispanic or Latino 334 321 3 6 330 314
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 14 21 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 2 * N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 2 0 N/A N/A
100506
Table 6.78B – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 15 to 44, by Pregnancy and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Demographic/Pregnancy Characteristic Total1 PREGNANCY STATUS
Pregnant Not Pregnant
2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009 2006-2007 2008-2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 15 to 44, including those with unknown pregnancy status.
2 Pregnant females aged 15 to 44 not reporting trimester were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
TOTAL 5.3 5.3 0.7 0.8 5.5 5.5
AGE            
15-17 3.3 3.0 2.8 4.3 3.3 3.0
18-25 9.8b 8.7 0.9 1.1 10.4b 9.1
26-44 3.8 4.2 0.5 0.5 4.0 4.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5.7 5.8 0.8 0.8 6.0 6.0
White 6.7 6.8 0.8 0.8 7.0 7.1
Black or African American 2.8 3.2 0.7 0.8 2.8 3.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.5a 3.8 * * 9.8a 4.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.9 3.6 * * 3.0 3.7
Asian 1.6 1.1 * * 1.7 1.1
Two or More Races 6.1 5.0 * * 6.3 5.3
Hispanic or Latino 3.2 3.0 0.6 1.2 3.4 3.1
TRIMESTER2            
First N/A N/A 1.7 2.7 N/A N/A
Second N/A N/A 0.2 * N/A N/A
Third N/A N/A 0.3 0.0 N/A N/A
100504
Table 6.79A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 4,508a 4,907 1,706b 2,079 2,802 2,828
Marijuana and Hashish 3,871a 4,253 1,509b 1,846 2,362 2,406
Cocaine 351 316 139 153 212 164
Crack 36 18 6 3 30 15
Heroin 49 50 8 20 41 30
Hallucinogens 451 511 176 235 275 276
LSD 88 83 50 48 38 35
PCP 4 5 * 2 4 3
Ecstasy 256 301 99 119 157 182
Inhalants 82 111 23 42 59 69
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 1,305 1,440 436a 573 869 868
Pain Relievers 1,027 1,103 307a 412 720 692
OxyContin® 95 129 17b 55 78 75
Tranquilizers 375 404 128 170 247 235
Stimulants5 226a 301 106 146 120 156
Methamphetamine5 36 48 3 11 33 37
Sedatives 20a 61 7 22 12 39
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,801 1,951 631a 785 1,170 1,165
100504
Table 6.79B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 21.2 22.5 20.2a 22.7 21.9 22.3
Marijuana and Hashish 18.2a 19.5 17.9a 20.2 18.5 19.0
Cocaine 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.3
Crack 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.2 2.2
LSD 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4
Inhalants 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.1 6.6 5.2a 6.3 6.8 6.8
Pain Relievers 4.8 5.1 3.6 4.5 5.6 5.5
OxyContin® 0.4 0.6 0.2b 0.6 0.6 0.6
Tranquilizers 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.9 1.9
Stimulants5 1.1 1.4 1.3 1.6 0.9 1.2
Methamphetamine5 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3
Sedatives 0.1a 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 8.5 8.9 7.5 8.6 9.2 9.2
100504
Table 6.80A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 2,636a 2,978 898b 1,209 1,738 1,768
Marijuana and Hashish 2,371a 2,637 811b 1,104 1,560 1,533
Cocaine 196 200 56 99 140 102
Crack 22a 5 2 * 20 5
Heroin 29 27 3 13 27 15
Hallucinogens 300 345 106 166 194 179
LSD 69 57 41 35 28 22
PCP 1 5 * 2 1 3
Ecstasy 143 190 48 70 95 120
Inhalants 56 81 18 23 38 58
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 687 799 194b 302 492 497
Pain Relievers 556 611 146a 220 411 391
OxyContin® 58 85 10b 38 48 47
Tranquilizers 198 217 51a 91 147 126
Stimulants5 114 167 39b 83 75 84
Methamphetamine5 20 34 0 7 20 27
Sedatives 8a 46 1 15 7 31
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 1,003 1,129 310a 438 693 690
100504
Table 6.80B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 24.4a 26.7 22.2b 27.7 25.8 26.1
Marijuana and Hashish 22.0 23.6 20.0b 25.3 23.2 22.6
Cocaine 1.8 1.8 1.4 2.3 2.1 1.5
Crack 0.2a 0.0 0.1 * 0.3 0.1
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.8 3.1 2.6 3.8 2.9 2.6
LSD 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.4 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.8
Inhalants 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 6.4 7.2 4.8a 6.9 7.3 7.3
Pain Relievers 5.2 5.5 3.6a 5.0 6.1 5.8
OxyContin® 0.5 0.8 0.2b 0.9 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 1.8 1.9 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.9
Stimulants5 1.1 1.5 0.9b 1.9 1.1 1.2
Methamphetamine5 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.4
Sedatives 0.1a 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.1a 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 9.3 10.1 7.6a 10.0 10.3 10.2
100504
Table 6.81A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 1,872 1,930 808 869 1,064 1,060
Marijuana and Hashish 1,500 1,615 698 742 802 873
Cocaine 155 116 83 54 73 62
Crack 14 13 3 3 10 10
Heroin 19 23 5 7 14 16
Hallucinogens 151 166 70 68 81 97
LSD 19 26 9 13 10 13
PCP 3 * * * 3 *
Ecstasy 113 111 51 49 63 62
Inhalants 26 30 5 19 21 11
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 618 641 242 271 376 370
Pain Relievers 471 493 162 192 309 300
OxyContin® 37 44 7 17 30 28
Tranquilizers 177 188 77 79 100 109
Stimulants5 112 134 68 63 45 71
Methamphetamine5 16 14 3 4 13 10
Sedatives 12 15 6 7 6 8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 798 822 321 347 477 475
100504
Table 6.81B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 17.9 18.1 18.4 18.2 17.6 18.0
Marijuana and Hashish 14.4 15.1 15.9 15.5 13.3 14.8
Cocaine 1.5 1.1 1.9 1.1 1.2 1.1
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.6
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.0 * * * 0.1 *
Ecstasy 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.1
Inhalants 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.7 6.2 6.3
Pain Relievers 4.5 4.6 3.7 4.0 5.1 5.1
OxyContin® 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.8
Stimulants5 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3 0.7 1.2
Methamphetamine5 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.3 7.9 8.1
100504
Table 6.82A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4,508a 4,907 1,706b 2,079 2,802 2,828
AGE            
18 996 1,057 307 380 689 676
19 966 987 451 509 516 478
20 883 985 386 452 497 533
21 830a 974 318b 456 513 518
22 833 905 244 282 588 623
GENDER            
Male 2,636a 2,978 898b 1,209 1,738 1,768
Female 1,872 1,930 808 869 1,064 1,060
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,877a 4,203 1,501b 1,820 2,375 2,383
White 2,965a 3,286 1,210b 1,503 1,755 1,783
Black or African American 697 668 208 215 489 453
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 39 * * 23 35
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 90 98 49 58 41 40
Two or More Races 74 93 * 34 44 59
Hispanic or Latino 632 704 205 259 427 445
100504
Table 6.82B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 21.2 22.5 20.2a 22.7 21.9 22.3
AGE            
18 20.3 21.3 17.0 21.1 22.2 21.5
19 22.2 21.6 21.0 21.1 23.4 22.2
20 22.3 23.9 21.7 23.6 22.7 24.2
21 20.9 23.5 20.2a 25.8 21.3 21.8
22 20.7 22.4 21.4 22.5 20.4 22.4
GENDER            
Male 24.4a 26.7 22.2b 27.7 25.8 26.1
Female 17.9 18.1 18.4 18.2 17.6 18.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.1 23.5 20.1a 22.7 23.6 24.2
White 22.9a 24.8 21.6a 25.0 23.9 24.7
Black or African American 22.1 20.9 18.5 18.0 24.1 22.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 20.7 26.8 * * 21.8 31.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 9.7 11.0 8.2 9.6 12.3 13.8
Two or More Races 24.8 30.1 * 24.1 23.6 35.2
Hispanic or Latino 17.1 17.7 21.1 22.7 15.8 15.7
100504
Table 6.83A – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,871a 4,253 1,509b 1,846 2,362 2,406
AGE            
18 872 897 280 331 592 565
19 844 897 406 469 438 429
20 750 856 335 408 415 449
21 709 829 279a 391 429 437
22 697 774 210 248 487 526
GENDER            
Male 2,371a 2,637 811b 1,104 1,560 1,533
Female 1,500 1,615 698 742 802 873
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,326a 3,692 1,328b 1,633 1,997 2,058
White 2,532a 2,862 1,066b 1,349 1,466 1,512
Black or African American 610 611 189 190 421 421
American Indian or Alaska Native 22 33 * * 20 28
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 72 79 40 52 32 27
Two or More Races 70 88 * 31 41 57
Hispanic or Latino 546 561 181 213 365 348
100504
Table 6.83B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18.2a 19.5 17.9a 20.2 18.5 19.0
AGE            
18 17.8 18.1 15.5 18.3 19.1 18.0
19 19.4 19.6 18.9 19.4 19.9 19.9
20 18.9 20.8 18.8 21.3 19.0 20.4
21 17.8 20.0 17.7 22.2 17.8 18.4
22 17.3 19.2 18.4 19.7 16.9 18.9
GENDER            
Male 22.0 23.6 20.0b 25.3 23.2 22.6
Female 14.4 15.1 15.9 15.5 13.3 14.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 19.0a 20.7 17.8a 20.4 19.8 20.9
White 19.5a 21.6 19.0a 22.4 20.0 20.9
Black or African American 19.3 19.1 16.8 15.9 20.7 21.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.4 22.5 * * 19.0 25.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 7.7 8.8 6.7 8.7 9.6 9.3
Two or More Races 23.5 28.4 * 22.2 21.6 33.6
Hispanic or Latino 14.8 14.1 18.7 18.7 13.4 12.3
100504
Table 6.84A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 8,741 8,966 2,899 3,125 5,840 5,838
Cigarettes 7,485 7,629 2,296 2,477 5,188 5,149
Smokeless Tobacco 1,173b 1,429 353b 604 820 825
Cigars 2,615 2,722 989 1,084 1,625 1,638
Pipe Tobacco 359 426 148 180 211 246
ALCOHOL 12,084 12,634 5,155b 5,852 6,922 6,782
Binge Alcohol Use4 8,291 8,775 3,421b 3,980 4,863 4,795
Heavy Alcohol Use4 3,039 2,950 1,377 1,468 1,657a 1,482
100504
Table 6.84B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 41.2 41.1 34.3 34.1 45.7 46.1
Cigarettes 35.3 35.0 27.2 27.1 40.6 40.6
Smokeless Tobacco 5.5b 6.5 4.2b 6.6 6.4 6.5
Cigars 12.3 12.5 11.7 11.8 12.7 12.9
Pipe Tobacco 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.9
ALCOHOL 56.9 57.9 61.0a 63.9 54.2 53.5
Binge Alcohol Use4 39.1 40.2 40.5a 43.5 38.1 37.8
Heavy Alcohol Use4 14.3 13.5 16.3 16.0 13.0a 11.7
100504
Table 6.85A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 5,161 5,484 1,641a 1,935 3,519 3,550
Cigarettes 4,150 4,388 1,158a 1,386 2,992 3,002
Smokeless Tobacco 1,115b 1,326 343b 556 772 770
Cigars 1,979 2,084 730 863 1,249 1,221
Pipe Tobacco 248a 332 93a 148 155 185
ALCOHOL 6,429 6,801 2,521b 2,995 3,901 3,806
Binge Alcohol Use4 4,888 5,220 1,858b 2,280 3,023 2,940
Heavy Alcohol Use4 2,062 2,019 864 1,006 1,192a 1,013
100504
Table 6.85B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Male College Students Other Males Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all males aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Males include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 47.8 49.2 40.5 44.3 52.2 52.3
Cigarettes 38.4 39.3 28.6 31.7 44.4 44.3
Smokeless Tobacco 10.3a 11.9 8.5b 12.7 11.5 11.4
Cigars 18.3 18.7 18.0 19.8 18.5 18.0
Pipe Tobacco 2.3a 3.0 2.3 3.4 2.3 2.7
ALCOHOL 59.5 61.0 62.2b 68.5 57.9 56.1
Binge Alcohol Use4 45.3 46.8 45.8b 52.2 44.9 43.3
Heavy Alcohol Use4 19.1 18.1 21.3 23.0 17.7b 14.9
100504
Table 6.86A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 3,580 3,482 1,258 1,190 2,322 2,288
Cigarettes 3,335 3,241 1,138 1,091 2,196 2,146
Smokeless Tobacco 58a 103 10b 48 47 55
Cigars 636 639 259 221 376 418
Pipe Tobacco 111 94 56 33 56 61
ALCOHOL 5,656 5,833 2,634 2,857 3,021 2,975
Binge Alcohol Use4 3,404 3,555 1,563 1,700 1,840 1,855
Heavy Alcohol Use4 977 931 513 462 464 469
100504
Table 6.86B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time Female College Students Other Females Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all females aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Females include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
3 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
4 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS3 34.3 32.6 28.6a 24.9 38.4 38.9
Cigarettes 32.0 30.4 25.9a 22.8 36.4 36.5
Smokeless Tobacco 0.6a 1.0 0.2b 1.0 0.8 0.9
Cigars 6.1 6.0 5.9 4.6 6.2 7.1
Pipe Tobacco 1.1 0.9 1.3a 0.7 0.9 1.0
ALCOHOL 54.2 54.7 60.0 59.7 50.0 50.5
Binge Alcohol Use4 32.6 33.3 35.6 35.5 30.5 31.5
Heavy Alcohol Use4 9.4 8.7 11.7 9.7 7.7 8.0
100504
Table 6.87A – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7,485 7,629 2,296 2,477 5,188 5,149
AGE            
18 1,478 1,453 375 476 1,103 974
19 1,491 1,554 572 592 918 962
20 1,462 1,503 490 544 973 959
21 1,534 1,549 492 496 1,042 1,053
22 1,520 1,569 367 369 1,152 1,200
GENDER            
Male 4,150 4,388 1,158a 1,386 2,992 3,002
Female 3,335 3,241 1,138 1,091 2,196 2,146
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,347 6,397 2,010 2,183 4,337 4,210
White 5,212 5,242 1,717 1,871 3,495 3,371
Black or African American 753 783 167 159 586 624
American Indian or Alaska Native * 64 * * * 58
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 174 156 93 85 81 68
Two or More Races 109 121 * 47 84 75
Hispanic or Latino 1,138 1,232 285 294 851 938
100504
Table 6.87B – Cigarette Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 35.3 35.0 27.2 27.1 40.6 40.6
AGE            
18 30.2 29.3 20.8a 26.4 35.6a 30.9
19 34.3 34.0 26.6 24.5 41.7 44.6
20 36.9 36.5 27.5 28.4 44.6 43.5
21 38.5 37.4 31.2 28.1 43.3 44.3
22 37.7 38.9 32.3 29.4 39.9 43.2
GENDER            
Male 38.4 39.3 28.6 31.7 44.4 44.3
Female 32.0 30.4 25.9a 22.8 36.4 36.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 36.2 35.8 26.9 27.3 43.1 42.8
White 40.2 39.6 30.6 31.1 47.6 46.6
Black or African American 23.9 24.5 14.8 13.3 28.9 31.3
American Indian or Alaska Native * 43.9 * * * 52.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 18.8 17.4 15.6 14.2 24.4 23.2
Two or More Races 36.4 39.3 * 33.3 44.5 44.3
Hispanic or Latino 30.9 31.0 29.5 25.7 31.4 33.1
100504
Table 6.88A – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 12,084 12,634 5,155b 5,852 6,922 6,782
AGE            
18 2,035 2,101 830 904 1,205 1,196
19 2,199 2,342 1,179a 1,382 1,018 960
20 2,200 2,337 1,089 1,193 1,111 1,144
21 2,810 2,964 1,205 1,399 1,605 1,565
22 2,840 2,890 851 974 1,983 1,916
GENDER            
Male 6,429 6,801 2,521b 2,995 3,901 3,806
Female 5,656 5,833 2,634 2,857 3,021 2,975
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,305 10,620 4,634a 5,140 5,664 5,480
White 8,216 8,476 3,735a 4,175 4,475 4,300
Black or African American 1,387 1,467 541 589 846 878
American Indian or Alaska Native * 58 * * * 43
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 421 387 276 255 145 132
Two or More Races 178 199 * 92 110 107
Hispanic or Latino 1,779a 2,014 521b 712 1,257 1,302
100504
Table 6.88B – Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 56.9 57.9 61.0a 63.9 54.2 53.5
AGE            
18 41.5 42.4 46.0 50.1 38.9 38.0
19 50.5 51.2 54.8 57.2 46.3 44.5
20 55.5 56.7 61.2 62.3 50.9 51.9
21 70.6 71.5 76.5 79.2 66.7 65.8
22 70.4 71.6 74.7 77.7 68.7 68.9
GENDER            
Male 59.5 61.0 62.2b 68.5 57.9 56.1
Female 54.2 54.7 60.0 59.7 50.0 50.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 58.7 59.5 62.0 64.2 56.3 55.7
White 63.4 64.0 66.6 69.4 60.9 59.5
Black or African American 43.9 46.0 48.1 49.3 41.6 44.0
American Indian or Alaska Native * 39.8 * * * 38.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 45.3 43.2 46.2 42.5 43.6 45.3
Two or More Races 59.4 64.2 * 65.2 58.4 63.4
Hispanic or Latino 48.3 50.7 53.8a 62.4 46.4 45.9
100504
Table 6.89A – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,291 8,775 3,421b 3,980 4,863 4,795
AGE            
18 1,381 1,505 522a 649 858 855
19 1,544 1,631 808 932 735 699
20 1,523 1,601 724 809 799 792
21 1,950 1,999 823 936 1,128 1,063
22 1,893 2,039 544 653 1,343 1,387
GENDER            
Male 4,888 5,220 1,858b 2,280 3,023 2,940
Female 3,404 3,555 1,563 1,700 1,840 1,855
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,028 7,355 3,099a 3,497 3,923 3,858
White 5,888 6,158 2,656a 3,009 3,226 3,149
Black or African American 729 781 238 265 490 516
American Indian or Alaska Native * 46 * * * 36
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 226 219 148 141 78 78
Two or More Races 103 132 * * 59 67
Hispanic or Latino 1,264 1,420 322b 483 941 937
100504
Table 6.89B – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 39.1 40.2 40.5a 43.5 38.1 37.8
AGE            
18 28.2 30.4 29.0b 36.0 27.7 27.2
19 35.5 35.7 37.6 38.6 33.4 32.4
20 38.4 38.9 40.7 42.3 36.6 35.9
21 49.0 48.2 52.2 53.0 46.9 44.7
22 46.9a 50.5 47.8 52.0 46.5 49.9
GENDER            
Male 45.3 46.8 45.8b 52.2 44.9 43.3
Female 32.6 33.3 35.6 35.5 30.5 31.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 40.0 41.2 41.4 43.6 39.0 39.2
White 45.4 46.5 47.4 50.0 43.9 43.6
Black or African American 23.1 24.5 21.2 22.2 24.1 25.9
American Indian or Alaska Native * 31.4 * * * 32.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 24.3 24.4 24.8 23.5 23.4 26.6
Two or More Races 34.6 42.7 * * 31.4 39.6
Hispanic or Latino 34.3 35.7 33.3a 42.3 34.7 33.0
100504
Table 6.90A – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,039 2,950 1,377 1,468 1,657a 1,482
AGE            
18 444 400 200 201 244 199
19 570 579 326 334 244 244
20 609 562 325 324 284 238
21 690 691 326 360 365 331
22 726 718 200 249 520 469
GENDER            
Male 2,062 2,019 864 1,006 1,192a 1,013
Female 977 931 513 462 464 469
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,656 2,610 1,268 1,360 1,382 1,250
White 2,329 2,348 1,137 1,250 1,187 1,098
Black or African American 207 153 73 53 134 99
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 20 * * 10 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 58 32 45 23 13 9
Two or More Races 38 48 10 * 28 22
Hispanic or Latino 384 340 109 108 275 232
100504
Table 6.90B – Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 14.3 13.5 16.3 16.0 13.0a 11.7
AGE            
18 9.1 8.1 11.1 11.1 7.9 6.3
19 13.1 12.7 15.1 13.8 11.1 11.3
20 15.4 13.6 18.3 16.9 13.0 10.8
21 17.3 16.7 20.7 20.4 15.1 13.9
22 18.0 17.8 17.6 19.9 18.0 16.9
GENDER            
Male 19.1 18.1 21.3 23.0 17.7b 14.9
Female 9.4 8.7 11.7 9.7 7.7 8.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.1 14.6 17.0 17.0 13.7 12.7
White 18.0 17.7 20.3 20.8 16.2 15.2
Black or African American 6.6 4.8 6.5 4.5 6.6 5.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 9.4 13.5 * * 9.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 6.3 3.6 7.5 3.8 4.0 3.1
Two or More Races 12.8 15.4 9.3 * 14.8 12.8
Hispanic or Latino 10.4 8.5 11.2 9.5 10.1 8.2
100504
Table 6.91A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1,857 1,837 615 645 1,241 1,192
AGE            
18 455 427 125 145 330 282
19 474 404 191 163 284 241
20 357 379 144 146 212 234
21 257a 347 74a 122 183 224
22 315 280 81 69 233 212
GENDER            
Male 1,086 1,197 319a 416 767 781
Female 771a 640 297 229 474 411
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,524 1,523 527 553 997 970
White 1,215 1,202 441 471 773 732
Black or African American 228 228 62 48 166 180
American Indian or Alaska Native * 17 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 20 31 12 22 8 9
Two or More Races 30 35 8 7 21 *
Hispanic or Latino 333 314 88 92 245 222
100504
Table 6.91B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8.7 8.4 7.3 7.0 9.7 9.4
AGE            
18 9.3 8.6 7.0 8.0 10.6 9.0
19 10.9a 8.8 8.9 6.8 12.9 11.2
20 9.0 9.2 8.1 7.6 9.7 10.6
21 6.4a 8.4 4.7 6.9 7.6 9.4
22 7.8 6.9 7.1 5.5 8.1 7.6
GENDER            
Male 10.1 10.7 7.9 9.5 11.4 11.5
Female 7.4a 6.0 6.7a 4.8 7.8 7.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.7 8.5 7.0 6.9 9.9 9.9
White 9.4 9.1 7.9 7.8 10.5 10.1
Black or African American 7.2 7.2 5.5 4.0 8.2 9.0
American Indian or Alaska Native * 11.9 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.2 3.5 2.0 3.6 2.4 3.2
Two or More Races 9.9 11.3 7.3 5.1 11.4 *
Hispanic or Latino 9.0 7.9 9.1 8.1 9.0 7.8
100504
Table 6.92A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3,601 3,513 1,535 1,552 2,066 1,961
AGE            
18 717 603 255 225 462 378
19 742 721 369 388 373 332
20 689 671 345 323 344 348
21 701 751 318 361 383 390
22 752 767 247 253 504 514
GENDER            
Male 2,181 2,158 830 890 1,351 1,268
Female 1,421 1,355 705 661 715 694
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,057 2,912 1,367 1,390 1,689 1,523
White 2,540 2,445 1,170 1,207 1,369 1,238
Black or African American 319 294 107 102 213 192
American Indian or Alaska Native 24 34 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 104 63 61 47 43 16
Two or More Races 50 64 * 26 27 37
Hispanic or Latino 545 601 168 162 377 439
100504
Table 6.92B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17.0 16.1 18.2 17.0 16.2 15.5
AGE            
18 14.6a 12.2 14.2 12.5 14.9a 12.0
19 17.0 15.8 17.2 16.1 16.9 15.4
20 17.4 16.3 19.4 16.9 15.7 15.8
21 17.6 18.1 20.2 20.5 15.9 16.4
22 18.6 19.0 21.7 20.2 17.4 18.5
GENDER            
Male 20.2 19.3 20.5 20.4 20.1 18.7
Female 13.6 12.7 16.0 13.8 11.8 11.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 17.4 16.3 18.3 17.3 16.8 15.5
White 19.6 18.5 20.9 20.1 18.6 17.1
Black or African American 10.1 9.2 9.5 8.5 10.5 9.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 19.0 23.2 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 11.2 7.0 10.2 7.8 13.0 5.5
Two or More Races 16.8 20.6 * 18.6 14.2 22.2
Hispanic or Latino 14.8 15.1 17.3 14.2 13.9 15.5
100504
Table 6.93A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4,448 4,451 1,809 1,876 2,639 2,575
AGE            
18 908 864 309 317 599 547
19 953 922 448 468 505 455
20 860 842 416 376 444 466
21 825 921 349 424 476 497
22 902 902 287 291 615 611
GENDER            
Male 2,669 2,759 978 1,101 1,691 1,658
Female 1,779 1,692 831 775 947 917
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,749 3,677 1,599 1,650 2,150 2,026
White 3,086 3,031 1,360 1,420 1,726 1,611
Black or African American 419 440 137 132 282 307
American Indian or Alaska Native * 36 * * * 30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 116 77 66 58 50 19
Two or More Races 71 77 * 31 42 47
Hispanic or Latino 699 774 210 226 489 548
100504
Table 6.93B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 22, by College Enrollment Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 COLLEGE ENROLLMENT STATUS
Full-Time College Students Other Persons Aged 18-222
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 22, including those with unknown enrollment status.
2 Other Persons include respondents aged 18 to 22 not enrolled in school, enrolled in college part time, enrolled in other grades either full or part time, or enrolled with no other information available.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 20.9 20.4 21.4 20.5 20.7 20.3
AGE            
18 18.5 17.4 17.2 17.6 19.3 17.4
19 21.9 20.2 20.8 19.4 22.9 21.1
20 21.7 20.4 23.4 19.7 20.3 21.1
21 20.7 22.2 22.1 24.0 19.8 20.9
22 22.4 22.4 25.2 23.2 21.3 22.0
GENDER            
Male 24.7 24.7 24.1 25.2 25.1 24.4
Female 17.0 15.9 18.9a 16.2 15.7 15.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 21.4 20.6 21.4 20.6 21.4 20.6
White 23.8 22.9 24.3 23.6 23.5 22.3
Black or African American 13.3 13.8 12.1 11.1 13.9 15.4
American Indian or Alaska Native * 25.1 * * * 26.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 12.5 8.6 11.1 9.6 15.0 6.6
Two or More Races 23.7 24.9 * 21.6 22.4 27.7
Hispanic or Latino 19.0 19.5 21.7 19.8 18.0 19.3
100506
Table 6.94A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or
Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,012 10,498 30,863 30,154 33,174 32,605
12 5 4 6 3 7 4
13 1a 10 1a 8 1b 11
14 20 28 23 23 26 32
15 63 75 67 69 87 93
16 179 167 191 161 253 216
17 375 365 436 378 548 502
18 535 617 606 699 794 863
19 617 611 803 801 968 972
20 619 604 794 769 922 920
21 518 611 982 1,027 1,089 1,147
22 505 540 1,158 1,045 1,219 1,143
23 432 497 1,073 1,000 1,184 1,087
24 455 462 1,006 1,075 1,102 1,160
25 376 348 922a 800 997a 862
26-29 1,395 1,510 3,963 3,780 4,220 4,042
30-34 972 1,075 3,321 3,544 3,510 3,728
35-39 834 726 3,117 2,769 3,259 2,949
40-44 711 520 3,029 2,617 3,202 2,801
45-49 708 591 3,304 2,919 3,504 3,069
50-54 312b 761 2,501 2,517 2,602 2,758
55-59 232 281 1,759 2,024 1,816 2,067
60-64 95 75 1,063 876 1,076 922
65 or Older 50 20 738a 1,248 788a 1,256
100506
Table 6.94B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs or
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or
Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.0 4.2 12.4 12.0 13.3 12.9
12 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
13 0.0a 0.2 0.0a 0.2 0.0b 0.3
14 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.8
15 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6 2.0 2.1
16 4.1 4.0 4.4 3.8 5.8 5.1
17 8.7 8.4 10.1 8.7 12.7 11.5
18 10.9 12.4 12.4 14.1 16.2 17.4
19 14.2 13.4 18.4 17.5 22.2 21.3
20 15.6 14.7 20.0 18.7 23.2 22.3
21 13.0 14.7 24.6 24.8 27.3 27.7
22 12.5 13.4 28.7 25.9 30.2 28.3
23 10.6 12.4 26.3 24.9 29.0 27.1
24 11.8 11.2 26.1 26.1 28.6 28.2
25 10.0 9.6 24.4 22.1 26.4 23.8
26-29 8.2 9.0 23.2 22.5 24.7 24.1
30-34 5.2 5.5 17.9 18.3 18.9 19.2
35-39 4.1 3.7 15.4 13.9 16.1 14.8
40-44 3.3 2.5 14.1 12.6 14.9 13.4
45-49 3.1 2.6 14.7 13.0 15.6 13.7
50-54 1.4b 3.4 11.4 11.3 11.8 12.4
55-59 1.3 1.5 9.9 10.9 10.2 11.2
60-64 0.6 0.5 7.0 5.7 7.1 6.0
65 or Older 0.1 0.1 2.0a 3.3 2.1a 3.3
100506
Table 6.95A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10,012 10,498 30,863 30,154 33,174 32,605
AGE            
12-17 643 648 725 642 922 858
18-25 4,058 4,290 7,343 7,217 8,275 8,154
26 or Older 5,311 5,560 22,796 22,295 23,977 23,593
GENDER            
Male 6,623 7,025 19,349 19,056 20,758 20,693
Female 3,388 3,474 11,515 11,098 12,416 11,912
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,959 9,303 27,623 27,057 29,720 29,245
White 7,465 7,782 23,917 23,495 25,611 25,283
Black or African American 1,171 1,126 2,611 2,506 2,926 2,808
American Indian or Alaska Native 40a 80 64a 187 78a 196
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12 7 50 * 52 *
Asian 115 156 650 449 672 478
Two or More Races 157 151 331 308 381 366
Hispanic or Latino 1,052 1,196 3,241 3,097 3,453 3,360
100506
Table 6.95B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.0 4.2 12.4 12.0 13.3 12.9
AGE            
12-17 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.6 3.7 3.5
18-25 12.3 12.8 22.3 21.5 25.1 24.3
26 or Older 2.8 2.9 11.9 11.5 12.5 12.2
GENDER            
Male 5.5 5.7 16.0 15.6 17.1 16.9
Female 2.6 2.7 9.0 8.6 9.7 9.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.2 4.3 12.9 12.5 13.8 13.5
White 4.4 4.6 14.1 13.8 15.1 14.9
Black or African American 4.0 3.7 8.8 8.3 9.9 9.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.7a 6.5 5.9a 15.3 7.2a 16.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.3 0.9 5.5 * 5.8 *
Asian 1.1 1.4 6.0a 4.1 6.2 4.3
Two or More Races 5.2 5.1 11.0 10.4 12.6 12.4
Hispanic or Latino 3.0 3.3 9.2 8.6 9.8 9.3
100506
Table 6.96A – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 9,368 9,850 30,138 29,511 32,252 31,747
GENDER            
Male 6,262 6,651 18,992 18,714 20,280 20,213
Female 3,106 3,199 11,146 10,797 11,971 11,534
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,407 8,750 27,005 26,519 28,926 28,519
White 6,998 7,297 23,378 23,002 24,925 24,636
Black or African American 1,119 1,088 2,560 2,481 2,858 2,763
American Indian or Alaska Native 35a 74 59a 182 72a 188
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 11 7 49 * 51 *
Asian 107 147 644 445 663 469
Two or More Races 138 136 314 298 357 350
Hispanic or Latino 961 1,100 3,134 2,992 3,326 3,228
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,190 1,410 2,316 2,364 2,697 2,769
High School Graduate 3,268 3,268 8,567 7,853 9,287 8,707
Some College 2,949 3,197 8,923 8,561 9,558 9,231
College Graduate 1,962 1,975 10,332 10,733 10,709 11,040
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 5,510 4,992 21,518b 18,595 22,524b 19,696
Part-Time 1,733b 2,216 4,167a 4,854 4,584a 5,356
Unemployed 858b 1,186 1,187b 2,114 1,435b 2,370
Other1 1,268 1,456 3,267a 3,949 3,709 4,326
100506
Table 6.96B – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.2 4.3 13.4 13.0 14.3 14.0
GENDER            
Male 5.8 6.1 17.5 17.1 18.7 18.4
Female 2.7 2.7 9.6 9.2 10.3 9.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.3 4.5 13.9 13.5 14.9 14.5
White 4.5 4.7 15.1 14.8 16.1 15.9
Black or African American 4.3 4.1 9.9 9.4 11.1 10.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.7 6.8 6.3b 16.6 7.6a 17.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.4 1.0 6.1 * 6.4 *
Asian 1.1 1.5 6.6a 4.4 6.8 4.7
Two or More Races 5.5 5.6 12.5 12.3 14.2 14.4
Hispanic or Latino 3.2 3.5 10.3 9.6 11.0 10.4
EDUCATION            
< High School 3.4 4.1 6.6 6.8 7.7 8.0
High School Graduate 4.7 4.7 12.2 11.2 13.2 12.4
Some College 5.2 5.5 15.6 14.8 16.7 16.0
College Graduate 3.1 3.0 16.5 16.6 17.1 17.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 4.5 4.3 17.6b 16.2 18.4a 17.2
Part-Time 5.7a 7.0 13.8 15.3 15.2 16.9
Unemployed 9.5 8.0 13.2 14.3 16.0 16.1
Other1 2.0 2.2 5.1 6.0 5.8 6.6
120405
Table 6.97A (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 9,392 9,883 30,337 29,696 32,454 31,943
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,783 1,909 5,706 5,484 6,092 5,918
New England 579 747 1,848 1,856 1,970 2,023
Middle Atlantic 1,204 1,161 3,858 3,627 4,123 3,895
Midwest 2,088 2,109 8,240 7,863 8,743 8,350
East North Central 1,611 1,483 5,453 5,325 5,822 5,659
West North Central 478 626 2,787 2,539 2,921 2,691
South 3,227 3,470 9,861 9,726 10,506 10,482
South Atlantic 1,826 1,878 5,193 4,802 5,552 5,166
East South Central 487 456 1,309 1,322 1,461 1,470
West South Central 914 1,136 3,360 3,602 3,493 3,847
West 2,293 2,395 6,530 6,623 7,113 7,193
Mountain 672 759 1,915 1,990 2,062 2,185
Pacific 1,622 1,636 4,615 4,633 5,051 5,008
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 5,380 5,146 17,276 16,022 18,479a 17,107
Small Metro 2,868a 3,347 9,058 9,374 9,672 10,193
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,884 2,194 6,065 6,236 6,449 6,760
< 250K Pop. 985 1,153 2,992 3,138 3,223 3,433
Nonmetro 1,144 1,390 4,003 4,300 4,304 4,643
Urbanized 489b 734 1,792 2,106 1,895 2,286
Less Urbanized 585 544 1,838 1,851 2,008 1,995
Completely Rural 70 112 374 342 400 362
120405
Table 6.97B (REVISED) – Drove Under the Influence of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
(2009)
Alcohol
(2008)
Alcohol
(2009)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4.2 4.3 13.5 13.1 14.4 14.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 4.3 4.5 13.7 13.0 14.6 14.1
New England 5.3 6.8 16.9 16.8 18.0 18.3
Middle Atlantic 3.9 3.7 12.5 11.7 13.4 12.6
Midwest 4.2 4.2 16.7 15.8 17.7 16.8
East North Central 4.7 4.3 15.8 15.4 16.9 16.3
West North Central 3.2 4.2 18.7 16.8 19.6 17.8
South 3.9 4.2 12.0 11.7 12.8 12.6
South Atlantic 4.2 4.3 12.0 10.9 12.8 11.7
East South Central 3.6 3.4 9.8 9.8 10.9 10.9
West South Central 3.6 4.5 13.4 14.1 13.9 15.1
West 4.4 4.6 12.6 12.7 13.7 13.7
Mountain 4.3 4.7 12.1 12.4 13.1 13.6
Pacific 4.5 4.5 12.8 12.8 14.0 13.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.5 4.3 14.4a 13.3 15.4a 14.2
Small Metro 4.2a 4.8 13.3 13.6 14.2 14.8
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 4.2 4.8 13.4 13.7 14.3 14.9
< 250K Pop. 4.3 4.9 13.0 13.3 14.0 14.6
Nonmetro 3.1 3.7 10.8 11.5 11.6 12.4
Urbanized 3.2b 4.5 11.7 12.9 12.3 14.0
Less Urbanized 3.2 3.2 10.2 10.7 11.1 11.6
Completely Rural 1.9 2.9 10.2 9.0 11.0 9.5
100510
Table 6.98A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 17,773b 19,342 1,244 1,425 16,456a 17,861
Marijuana and Hashish 13,546b 14,919 1,019 1,129 12,478a 13,759
Cocaine 1,757 1,568 227 159 1,510 1,409
Crack 352 484 75 72 277 412
Heroin 199 181 31 42 168 140
Hallucinogens 818a 1,041 140 110 671a 928
LSD 104 123 18 17 86 106
PCP * 40 7 1 * 39
Ecstasy 450a 644 86 76 363b 564
Inhalants 372 315 31 34 341 281
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5,514a 6,182 522 555 4,978 5,601
Pain Relievers 4,180 4,604 389 413 3,779 4,166
OxyContin® 386 441 74 58 311 383
Tranquilizers 1,650 1,866 205 125 1,444 1,740
Stimulants4 791b 1,161 74b 197 715a 963
Methamphetamine4 285a 466 22a 89 262 376
Sedatives 199a 330 16 38 183 292
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 7,474 8,038 730 697 6,708 7,312
100510
Table 6.98B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 7.9a 8.5 23.9 27.9 7.5a 8.1
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0a 6.6 19.6 22.1 5.7a 6.2
Cocaine 0.8 0.7 4.4 3.1 0.7 0.6
Crack 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.4 0.1 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4a 0.5 2.7 2.1 0.3a 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
PCP * 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.2a 0.3 1.7 1.5 0.2b 0.3
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 2.5 2.7 10.0 10.9 2.3 2.5
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 7.5 8.1 1.7 1.9
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 1.4 1.1 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.7 0.8 3.9 2.5 0.7 0.8
Stimulants4 0.4b 0.5 1.4b 3.9 0.3a 0.4
Methamphetamine4 0.1a 0.2 0.4a 1.8 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.1a 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 3.3 3.5 14.0 13.6 3.1 3.3
100510
Table 6.99A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 15,109a 15,999 1,169 1,315 13,887 14,628
Marijuana and Hashish 11,719a 12,575 966 1,036 10,705a 11,507
Cocaine 1,550 1,281 227 157 1,322 1,124
Crack 308 342 75 70 233 272
Heroin 163 167 31 42 132 125
Hallucinogens 808 1,015 132 110 668a 902
LSD 104 123 18 17 86 106
PCP 10 40 7 1 * 39
Ecstasy 441a 644 79 76 361b 564
Inhalants 309 284 31 34 278 250
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 4,703 5,106 455 510 4,234 4,570
Pain Relievers 3,561 3,842 376 368 3,173 3,449
OxyContin® 360 385 74 58 285 327
Tranquilizers 1,493 1,533 151 125 1,340 1,407
Stimulants4 739b 1,075 74b 197 662a 877
Methamphetamine4 248a 411 22a 89 225 321
Sedatives 161 256 16 38 145 218
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 6,405 6,687 656 650 5,733 6,008
100510
Table 6.99B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Probation Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown probation status.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 11.4 12.0 26.3 29.6 10.8 11.4
Marijuana and Hashish 8.8a 9.5 21.8 23.3 8.4a 9.0
Cocaine 1.2 1.0 5.1 3.5 1.0 0.9
Crack 0.2 0.3 1.7 1.6 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.9 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.6 0.8 3.0 2.5 0.5a 0.7
LSD 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.5 1.8 1.7 0.3b 0.4
Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 3.5 3.8 10.3 11.5 3.3 3.6
Pain Relievers 2.7 2.9 8.5 8.3 2.5 2.7
OxyContin® 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.3 0.2 0.3
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.2 3.4 2.8 1.0 1.1
Stimulants4 0.6b 0.8 1.7b 4.4 0.5a 0.7
Methamphetamine4 0.2a 0.3 0.5a 2.0 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 4.8 5.0 14.8 14.6 4.5 4.7
100510
Table 6.100A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,773b 19,342 1,244 1,425 16,456a 17,861
AGE            
18-49 15,109a 15,999 1,169 1,315 13,887 14,628
18-25 6,465b 7,124 589b 785 5,865a 6,325
26-34 3,996 4,468 454 324 3,538a 4,136
35-49 4,648 4,407 126 207 4,484 4,167
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 10,785a 11,904 924 1,075 9,822a 10,784
Male 18-49 9,151 9,734 859 965 8,253 8,723
Female 18 or Older 6,988 7,438 320 350 6,635 7,077
Female 18-49 5,958 6,266 310 350 5,634 5,905
100510
Table 6.100B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.9a 8.5 23.9 27.9 7.5a 8.1
AGE            
18-49 11.4 12.0 26.3 29.6 10.8 11.4
18-25 19.6b 21.2 35.1b 42.2 18.8a 20.0
26-34 11.2 12.3 30.7 25.2 10.4a 11.9
35-49 7.2 7.0 9.8 15.9 7.1 6.7
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 9.9a 10.8 25.5 28.7 9.4 10.2
Male 18-49 13.9 14.7 28.1 30.2 13.2 13.9
Female 18 or Older 6.0 6.3 20.2 25.6 5.8 6.1
Female 18-49 8.9 9.4 22.5 28.0 8.6 9.0
100510
Table 6.101A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,841 6,044 730 692 5,108 5,329
AGE            
18-49 5,490 5,310 720 653 4,767 4,634
18-25 2,563 2,572 325 383 2,235 2,186
26-34 1,502 1,433 274a 132 1,228 1,301
35-49 1,425 1,305 121 138 1,304 1,147
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3,550a 4,135 501 465 3,047a 3,648
Male 18-49 3,342 3,586 501 451 2,839 3,114
Female 18 or Older 2,291a 1,909 229 228 2,060a 1,681
Female 18-49 2,148b 1,724 219 203 1,928b 1,520
100510
Table 6.101B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.6 2.7 14.0 13.5 2.3 2.4
AGE            
18-49 4.1 4.0 16.2 14.7 3.7 3.6
18-25 7.8 7.7 19.4 20.6 7.2 6.9
26-34 4.2 4.0 18.5a 10.2 3.6 3.7
35-49 2.2 2.1 9.4 10.6 2.1 1.9
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3.3a 3.8 13.8 12.4 2.9a 3.5
Male 18-49 5.1 5.4 16.4 14.1 4.5 5.0
Female 18 or Older 2.0a 1.6 14.5 16.6 1.8b 1.4
Female 18-49 3.2b 2.6 15.9 16.2 3.0b 2.3
100510
Table 6.102A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,334 20,796 1,774 1,847 18,478 18,882
AGE            
18-49 17,343 17,010 1,661 1,667 15,620 15,275
18-25 6,845 6,700 714 812 6,122 5,873
26-34 5,001 4,926 647 458 4,346 4,449
35-49 5,497 5,384 300 397 5,152 4,952
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13,057 13,762 1,299 1,345 11,719 12,364
Male 18-49 11,055 11,175 1,219 1,235 9,797 9,887
Female 18 or Older 7,276 7,034 474 502 6,760 6,518
Female 18-49 6,288 5,835 442 432 5,823 5,388
100510
Table 6.102B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Probation Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PROBATION STATUS DURING THE PAST YEAR
On Probation Not on Probation
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown probation status.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.0 9.2 34.0 36.2 8.4 8.5
AGE            
18-49 13.1 12.8 37.4 37.5 12.2 11.9
18-25 20.8 20.0 42.6 43.6 19.6a 18.6
26-34 14.0 13.6 43.7 35.6 12.7 12.8
35-49 8.6 8.5 23.4 30.5 8.2 8.0
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 12.0 12.5 35.8 36.0 11.2 11.7
Male 18-49 16.8 16.9 39.8 38.6 15.6 15.8
Female 18 or Older 6.3 6.0 30.0 36.7 5.9 5.6
Female 18-49 9.4 8.7 32.1 34.6 8.9 8.2
100510
Table 6.103A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 17,773b 19,342 295 392 17,410a 18,902
Marijuana and Hashish 13,546b 14,919 220 277 13,281a 14,620
Cocaine 1,757 1,568 69 55 1,668 1,513
Crack 352 484 29 39 323 445
Heroin 199 181 2 22 198 160
Hallucinogens 818a 1,041 42 58 769a 978
LSD 104 123 * 3 104 120
PCP * 40 0 * * 40
Ecstasy 450a 644 17 49 431a 592
Inhalants 372 315 4 13 367 302
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 5,514a 6,182 85 149 5,419 6,007
Pain Relievers 4,180 4,604 53 99 4,118 4,480
OxyContin® 386 441 2 18 383 423
Tranquilizers 1,650 1,866 35 30 1,616 1,836
Stimulants5 791b 1,161 20 62 770b 1,098
Methamphetamine5 285a 466 13 38 270 427
Sedatives 199a 330 5 21 194 310
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 7,474 8,038 167 226 7,277 7,782
100510
Table 6.103B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 7.9a 8.5 18.3 22.8 7.8a 8.4
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0a 6.6 13.6 16.1 6.0a 6.5
Cocaine 0.8 0.7 4.3 3.2 0.7 0.7
Crack 0.2 0.2 1.8 2.3 0.1 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 1.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4a 0.5 2.6 3.4 0.3 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 * 0.2 0.0 0.1
PCP * 0.0 0.0 * * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.2a 0.3 1.1 2.8 0.2a 0.3
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.8 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 2.5 2.7 5.3 8.6 2.4 2.7
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 3.3 5.7 1.8 2.0
OxyContin® 0.2 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.7 0.8 2.1 1.7 0.7 0.8
Stimulants5 0.4b 0.5 1.2 3.6 0.3b 0.5
Methamphetamine5 0.1a 0.2 0.8 2.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.1a 0.1 0.3 1.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 3.3 3.5 10.4 13.1 3.3 3.5
100510
Table 6.104A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 15,109a 15,999 259 375 14,802 15,576
Marijuana and Hashish 11,719a 12,575 191 277 11,482 12,276
Cocaine 1,550 1,281 69 53 1,479 1,228
Crack 308 342 29 37 279 305
Heroin 163 167 2 * 161 145
Hallucinogens 808 1,015 35 58 767 952
LSD 104 123 * 3 104 120
PCP 10 40 0 * 10 40
Ecstasy 441a 644 10 49 429a 592
Inhalants 309 284 4 13 305 271
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 4,703 5,106 75 134 4,618 4,946
Pain Relievers 3,561 3,842 53 84 3,499 3,733
OxyContin® 360 385 2 18 357 367
Tranquilizers 1,493 1,533 24 30 1,468 1,503
Stimulants5 739b 1,075 20 62 717b 1,012
Methamphetamine5 248a 411 13 38 233 372
Sedatives 161 256 * 21 156 235
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 6,405 6,687 149 209 6,244 6,448
100510
Table 6.104B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 49, by Parole/Supervised Release Status: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for persons aged 18 to 49, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
5 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS3 11.4 12.0 19.0 25.5 11.3 11.9
Marijuana and Hashish 8.8a 9.5 14.0 18.8 8.8a 9.4
Cocaine 1.2 1.0 5.1 3.6 1.1 0.9
Crack 0.2 0.3 2.1 2.5 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.6 0.8 2.6 4.0 0.6 0.7
LSD 0.1 0.1 * 0.2 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.5 0.7 3.3 0.3a 0.5
Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 3.5 3.8 5.5 9.1 3.5 3.8
Pain Relievers 2.7 2.9 3.9 5.7 2.7 2.8
OxyContin® 0.3 0.3 0.2 1.2 0.3 0.3
Tranquilizers 1.1 1.2 1.8 2.0 1.1 1.1
Stimulants5 0.6b 0.8 1.5 4.2 0.5b 0.8
Methamphetamine5 0.2a 0.3 1.0 2.6 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.1 0.2 * 1.4 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA3 4.8 5.0 11.0 14.2 4.8 4.9
100510
Table 6.105A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 17,773b 19,342 295 392 17,410a 18,902
AGE            
18-49 15,109a 15,999 259 375 14,802 15,576
18-25 6,465b 7,124 117a 173 6,341b 6,936
26-34 3,996 4,468 * * 3,872 4,344
35-49 4,648 4,407 * * 4,589 4,296
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 10,785a 11,904 235 329 10,514a 11,530
Male 18-49 9,151 9,734 210 312 8,906 9,376
Female 18 or Older 6,988 7,438 * * 6,897 7,373
Female 18-49 5,958 6,266 * * 5,896 6,200
100510
Table 6.105B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 7.9a 8.5 18.3 22.8 7.8a 8.4
AGE            
18-49 11.4 12.0 19.0 25.5 11.3 11.9
18-25 19.6b 21.2 29.7 37.8 19.5b 21.0
26-34 11.2 12.3 * * 11.0 12.2
35-49 7.2 7.0 * * 7.2 6.9
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 9.9a 10.8 18.5 23.4 9.8a 10.7
Male 18-49 13.9 14.7 19.3 26.5 13.8 14.5
Female 18 or Older 6.0 6.3 * * 5.9 6.3
Female 18-49 8.9 9.4 * * 8.9 9.3
100510
Table 6.106A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 5,841 6,044 233 204 5,607 5,817
AGE            
18-49 5,490 5,310 222 202 5,266 5,085
18-25 2,563 2,572 97 96 2,465 2,473
26-34 1,502 1,433 * * 1,400 1,381
35-49 1,425 1,305 * * 1,401 1,232
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3,550a 4,135 186 159 3,362a 3,953
Male 18-49 3,342 3,586 186 157 3,154 3,407
Female 18 or Older 2,291a 1,909 * * 2,244a 1,863
Female 18-49 2,148b 1,724 * * 2,112b 1,678
100510
Table 6.106B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 2.6 2.7 14.4 11.9 2.5 2.6
AGE            
18-49 4.1 4.0 16.3 13.7 4.0 3.9
18-25 7.8 7.7 24.7 21.0 7.6 7.5
26-34 4.2 4.0 * * 4.0 3.9
35-49 2.2 2.1 * * 2.2 2.0
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 3.3a 3.8 14.7 11.3 3.1a 3.7
Male 18-49 5.1 5.4 17.1 13.3 4.9 5.3
Female 18 or Older 2.0a 1.6 * * 1.9a 1.6
Female 18-49 3.2b 2.6 * * 3.2b 2.5
100510
Table 6.107A – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 20,334 20,796 447 424 19,814 20,321
AGE            
18-49 17,343 17,010 407 405 16,883 16,554
18-25 6,845 6,700 181 177 6,657 6,511
26-34 5,001 4,926 * * 4,847 4,778
35-49 5,497 5,384 * * 5,379 5,265
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 13,057 13,762 356 330 12,664 13,397
Male 18-49 11,055 11,175 348 311 10,671 10,829
Female 18 or Older 7,276 7,034 * * 7,149 6,924
Female 18-49 6,288 5,835 * * 6,212 5,725
100510
Table 6.107B – Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Parole/Supervised Release Status and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 PAROLE/SUPERVISED RELEASE DURING THE PAST YEAR2
Yes No
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates in the Total column are for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown parole/supervised release status.
2 Respondents were asked if they were on parole, supervised release, or other conditional release from prison during the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 18 OR OLDER 9.0 9.2 27.8 24.6 8.9 9.0
AGE            
18-49 13.1 12.8 29.9 27.5 12.9 12.6
18-25 20.8 20.0 45.8 38.6 20.5 19.7
26-34 14.0 13.6 * * 13.8 13.4
35-49 8.6 8.5 * * 8.5 8.4
GENDER/AGE            
Male 18 or Older 12.0 12.5 28.0 23.4 11.8 12.4
Male 18-49 16.8 16.9 32.0 26.4 16.5 16.7
Female 18 or Older 6.3 6.0 * * 6.2 5.9
Female 18-49 9.4 8.7 * * 9.3 8.6

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