Go to the Table of Contents

100506
Table 6.1A – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 8,484a 9,437 1,263 1,332 2,782a 3,082 4,440 5,022
12-49 5,010 5,486 708 731 1,699b 2,008 2,602 2,747
50-99 2,341b 2,917 340 330 870 988 1,131a 1,599
100-299 6,075 6,639 654 657 2,089b 2,505 3,331 3,478
300 or More 3,858 4,042 272 289 1,647 1,676 1,939 2,077
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 3,992 3,990 546 531 1,222 1,320 2,224 2,138
3-5 2,340b 3,085 324a 410 872 967 1,144b 1,708
6-19 3,441 3,511 369 409 1,159a 1,344 1,914 1,758
20 or More 5,430a 6,133 418 448 2,173a 2,451 2,838 3,233
100506
Table 6.1B – Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Marijuana in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 32.9 33.1 39.0 39.9 30.6 30.0 33.0 33.7
12-49 19.4 19.2 21.9 21.9 18.7 19.6 19.4 18.4
50-99 9.1 10.2 10.5 9.9 9.6 9.6 8.4 10.7
100-299 23.6 23.3 20.2 19.7 23.0 24.4 24.8 23.3
300 or More 15.0 14.2 8.4 8.6 18.1 16.3 14.4 13.9
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 26.3 23.9 33.0 29.5 22.5 21.7 27.4 24.2
3-5 15.4a 18.5 19.6 22.8 16.1 15.9 14.1a 19.3
6-19 22.6 21.0 22.2 22.7 21.4 22.1 23.6 19.9
20 or More 35.7 36.7 25.2 24.9 40.1 40.3 35.0 36.6
100506
Table 6.2A – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2,632 2,597 182 173 1,075 1,132 1,374 1,293
12-49 1,226 1,060 49 34 423 358 754 668
50-99 624 468 38a 14 162 137 424 318
100-299 693 612 31 17 146 123 515 473
300 or More 81 59 5 3 14 23 62 33
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 965 876 * * 285 284 622 550
3-5 365 264 * * 104 100 241 157
6-19 356 338 * * 92a 49 258 275
20 or More 168 160 * * 26 29 131 124
100506
Table 6.2B – Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Cocaine in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 50.1 54.1 59.7a 71.9 59.1 63.8 43.9 46.4
12-49 23.3 22.1 16.0 14.3 23.2 20.2 24.1 24.0
50-99 11.9 9.8 12.4 5.8 8.9 7.7 13.6 11.4
100-299 13.2 12.8 10.3 6.9 8.0 6.9 16.4 17.0
300 or More 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.1 0.7 1.3 2.0 1.2
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 52.1 53.5 * * 56.2 61.4 49.7 49.7
3-5 19.7 16.1 * * 20.5 21.6 19.2 14.2
6-19 19.2 20.6 * * 18.1a 10.7 20.6 24.9
20 or More 9.1 9.7 * * 5.2 6.3 10.4 11.2
100506
Table 6.3A – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 2,612b 3,416 466 523 1,524b 1,868 623b 1,025
12-49 683 643 136 116 388 344 159 182
50-99 225 286 60 38 124 114 41a 133
100-299 144 151 25b 55 70 73 49 23
300 or More 13 13 4 2 2 9 * 2
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 786 926 161 130 420 482 * *
3-5 162 188 51 49 81 97 * *
6-19 100 116 25 31 46 28 * *
20 or More 12 29 5 6 1 10 * *
100506
Table 6.3B – Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Hallucinogens in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 71.0a 75.8 67.5 71.2 72.3b 77.6 70.8 75.1
12-49 18.6a 14.3 19.7 15.8 18.4b 14.3 18.1 13.3
50-99 6.1 6.3 8.7 5.2 5.9 4.8 4.6 9.8
100-299 3.9 3.4 3.6b 7.5 3.3 3.0 5.6 1.7
300 or More 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.4 * 0.1
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 74.1 73.6 66.5 60.2 76.5 78.1 * *
3-5 15.3 14.9 21.1 22.4 14.8 15.7 * *
6-19 9.4 9.2 10.5 14.5 8.4 4.6 * *
20 or More 1.1 2.3 1.9 3.0 0.3 1.7 * *
100506
Table 6.4A – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 1,338 1,338 562 572 399 456 * *
12-49 429 449 228 241 84 80 * *
50-99 128 183 93 74 26 46 * *
100-299 138 111 86 62 24 41 * *
300 or More 13 9 10 6 * 3 * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 394 402 164 162 * * * *
3-5 111 79 53 44 * * * *
6-19 * 62 40 24 * * * *
20 or More * 18 11 14 * * * *
100506
Table 6.4B – Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Inhalants in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 65.4 64.0 57.4 59.8 74.9 72.8 * *
12-49 21.0 21.5 23.3 25.2 15.8 12.8 * *
50-99 6.3 8.8 9.5 7.8 4.8 7.3 * *
100-299 6.8 5.3 8.8 6.5 4.5 6.6 * *
300 or More 0.6 0.4 1.0 0.6 * 0.5 * *
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 61.5 71.8 61.1 66.4 * * * *
3-5 17.3 14.1 19.7 17.9 * * * *
6-19 * 11.0 15.0 9.9 * * * *
20 or More * 3.1 4.1 5.8 * * * *
100506
Table 6.5A – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 5,478 5,365 601 551 1,580 1,714 3,297 3,100
3-5 4,370 4,534 374 350 1,223 1,357 2,774 2,827
6-19 7,012 6,698 455 450 1,805 1,814 4,751 4,435
20-29 6,047 6,209 326 333 1,488 1,659 4,232 4,217
30 36,873 35,855 505 506 5,661 5,488 30,708 29,862
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED
PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1
               
Fewer Than 6 6,103 6,418 211 233 1,401 1,499 4,491 4,685
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 12,590 12,921 200 182 2,442 2,355 9,949 10,384
16-25 (1 Pack) 13,120a 11,941 77 73 1,475 1,409 11,568a 10,459
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 4,989 4,507 16 17 340b 222 4,633 4,267
Not Reported 71 68 1 * 3 3 67 66
100506
Table 6.5B – Number of Days Used Cigarettes in the Past Month among Past Month Users and the Number of Cigarettes Smoked Per Day among Daily Smokers, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 9.2 9.1 26.6 25.2 13.4 14.2 7.2 7.0
3-5 7.3 7.7 16.5 16.0 10.4 11.3 6.1 6.4
6-19 11.7 11.4 20.1 20.5 15.4 15.1 10.4 10.0
20-29 10.1 10.6 14.4 15.2 12.7 13.8 9.2 9.5
30 61.7 61.1 22.3 23.1 48.1a 45.6 67.1 67.2
NUMBER OF CIGARETTES SMOKED
PER DAY AMONG DAILY SMOKERS1
               
Fewer Than 6 16.6 17.9 41.9 46.1 24.7a 27.3 14.6 15.7
6-15 (1/2 Pack) 34.1 36.0 39.5 36.0 43.1 42.9 32.4 34.8
16-25 (1 Pack) 35.6 33.3 15.2 14.5 26.1 25.7 37.7 35.0
26 or More (More Than 1 Pack) 13.5 12.6 3.2 3.4 6.0b 4.0 15.1 14.3
Not Reported 0.2 0.2 0.2 * 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
100506
Table 6.6A – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 37,612 37,307 3,899 3,729 5,256 5,174 28,457 28,404
12-49 42,613 43,661 2,075 1,976 6,998b 7,556 33,540 34,129
50-99 24,561a 26,386 872 945 4,757 4,845 18,932a 20,596
100-299 49,673 49,722 763 763 7,987 8,215 40,923 40,744
300 or More 10,613 11,065 59 52 704 665 9,850 10,348
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 37,142 37,280 1,840 1,797 5,518 5,769 29,785 29,713
3-5 32,727 34,076 1,046 1,011 5,828 6,143 25,853 26,922
6-19 38,029 37,475 667 707 6,898 7,022 30,464 29,746
20 or More 21,076 21,791 82 109 1,905 1,833 19,089 19,849
100506
Table 6.6B – Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Year among Past Year Users and the Number of Days Used Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Frequency of Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
YEAR AMONG PAST YEAR USERS
               
1-11 22.8 22.2 50.9 50.0 20.4 19.6 21.6 21.2
12-49 25.8 26.0 27.1 26.5 27.2a 28.6 25.5 25.4
50-99 14.9 15.7 11.4 12.7 18.5 18.3 14.4 15.3
100-299 30.1 29.6 9.9 10.2 31.1 31.1 31.1 30.4
300 or More 6.4 6.6 0.8 0.7 2.7 2.5 7.5 7.7
NUMBER OF DAYS USED IN PAST
MONTH AMONG PAST MONTH USERS
               
1-2 28.8 28.5 50.6 49.6 27.4 27.8 28.3 28.0
3-5 25.4 26.1 28.8 27.9 28.9 29.6 24.6 25.3
6-19 29.5 28.7 18.4 19.5 34.2 33.8 29.0 28.0
20 or More 16.3 16.7 2.3 3.0 9.5 8.8 18.1 18.7
100506
Table 6.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12,172a 13,145 7,905 8,668
Marijuana and Hashish 9,977 10,749 5,226a 5,969
Cocaine 1,418 1,318 437 319
Crack 291 450 69 42
Heroin 193 174 20 20
Hallucinogens 807 887 253 371
LSD 121 138 33 20
PCP 16 45 * *
Ecstasy 456 541 100b 218
Inhalants 272 241 368 319
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,545a 4,047 2,679 2,907
Pain Relievers 2,656a 3,083 2,090 2,174
OxyContin® 380 440 55 70
Tranquilizers 1,227 1,275 573 735
Stimulants3 606b 982 298 308
Methamphetamine3 216b 416 98 85
Sedatives 116a 232 118 138
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,093 5,489 3,472 3,668
100506
Table 6.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.4b 22.4 4.2 4.5
Marijuana and Hashish 16.7a 18.3 2.7 3.1
Cocaine 2.4 2.2 0.2 0.2
Crack 0.5 0.8 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.3 1.5 0.1 0.2
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.1 * *
Ecstasy 0.8 0.9 0.1b 0.1
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.9a 6.9 1.4 1.5
Pain Relievers 4.4a 5.3 1.1 1.1
OxyContin® 0.6 0.7 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.2 0.3 0.4
Stimulants3 1.0b 1.7 0.2 0.2
Methamphetamine3 0.4b 0.7 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.2a 0.4 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.5 9.4 1.8 1.9
100506
Table 6.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,109 1,156 1,195 1,315
Marijuana and Hashish 960 1,038 697 761
Cocaine 77 50 21 19
Crack 6 8 * *
Heroin 14 11 * 2
Hallucinogens 157 153 85 64
LSD 38 28 13 7
PCP 6 10 8 2
Ecstasy 81 82 24 33
Inhalants 81 62 188 183
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 302 337 408 434
Pain Relievers 242 274 325 379
OxyContin® 37 57 12 12
Tranquilizers 84 102 66 41
Stimulants3 55a 90 57 39
Methamphetamine3 24 28 5 7
Sedatives 18 21 16 19
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 468 458 623 662
100506
Table 6.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 49.0 52.8 5.3a 5.9
Marijuana and Hashish 42.5a 47.4 3.1 3.4
Cocaine 3.4 2.3 0.1 0.1
Crack 0.3 0.4 * *
Heroin 0.6 0.5 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 6.9 7.0 0.4 0.3
LSD 1.7 1.3 0.1 0.0
PCP 0.3 0.5 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 3.6 3.7 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 3.6 2.8 0.8 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.4 15.4 1.8 1.9
Pain Relievers 10.7 12.5 1.4 1.7
OxyContin® 1.6 2.6 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 3.7 4.7 0.3 0.2
Stimulants3 2.5a 4.1 0.3 0.2
Methamphetamine3 1.1 1.3 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.8 0.9 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.7 20.9 2.8 3.0
100506
Table 6.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,333b 4,762 2,131a 2,363
Marijuana and Hashish 3,784a 4,161 1,642b 1,921
Cocaine 430 388 77 74
Crack 42 33 11 6
Heroin 71 62 2 3
Hallucinogens 436 468 113 149
LSD 83 85 14 11
PCP 4 1 * 3
Ecstasy 247 291 57 86
Inhalants 77 114 27 33
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,320a 1,509 623 610
Pain Relievers 1,047 1,131 455 469
OxyContin® 108 148 21 27
Tranquilizers 426 459 143 157
Stimulants3 248b 346 100 75
Methamphetamine3 57 79 17 4
Sedatives 26a 65 39 18
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,815 2,009 771 785
100506
Table 6.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 36.9b 39.6 10.1 11.0
Marijuana and Hashish 32.2a 34.6 7.8b 8.9
Cocaine 3.7 3.2 0.4 0.3
Crack 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.6 0.5 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 3.7 3.9 0.5 0.7
LSD 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 2.1 2.4 0.3 0.4
Inhalants 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 11.2a 12.5 2.9 2.8
Pain Relievers 8.9 9.4 2.1 2.2
OxyContin® 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 3.6 3.8 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 2.1a 2.9 0.5 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.2a 0.5 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 15.4 16.7 3.6 3.6
100506
Table 6.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,729 7,227 4,578 4,991
Marijuana and Hashish 5,233 5,550 2,887 3,286
Cocaine 911 879 340 226
Crack 243 409 57 36
Heroin 108 100 17 16
Hallucinogens 214 266 55a 157
LSD * 25 * *
PCP 6 34 * *
Ecstasy 127 168 19a 99
Inhalants 114 65 154 103
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,922 2,200 1,648 1,863
Pain Relievers 1,368 1,678 1,310 1,326
OxyContin® 234 235 22 31
Tranquilizers 717 714 364 537
Stimulants3 302b 546 141 195
Methamphetamine3 135b 309 76 74
Sedatives 72 146 63 100
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,810 3,023 2,079 2,222
100506
Table 6.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.7 16.3 3.1 3.3
Marijuana and Hashish 11.4 12.5 2.0 2.2
Cocaine 2.0 2.0 0.2 0.2
Crack 0.5a 0.9 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.1
LSD * 0.1 * *
PCP 0.0 0.1 * *
Ecstasy 0.3 0.4 0.0a 0.1
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.2 4.9 1.1 1.2
Pain Relievers 3.0a 3.8 0.9 0.9
OxyContin® 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.6 0.2 0.4
Stimulants3 0.7b 1.2 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.7 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.1 6.8 1.4 1.5
100506
Table 6.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5,082a 5,687 6,703a 7,597 4,346 4,010 3,945a 4,520
Marijuana and Hashish 4,209a 4,727 5,321b 6,160 3,351 3,105 2,322 2,726
Cocaine 890 832 660 513 188 192 117 101
Crack 143 174 124 147 50 103 43 69
Heroin 82 59 75 42 28 34 27 60
Hallucinogens 446 554 360 439 123 144 131 121
LSD 68 88 47 41 11 9 28 20
PCP 9 34 9 12 4 4 * *
Ecstasy 251 336 207 272 51 101 46 51
Inhalants 77 114 222a 106 133 120 209 219
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 1,555 1,790 1,856a 2,248 1,096 1,076 1,717 1,839
Pain Relievers 1,238 1,349 1,432 1,702 758 724 1,319 1,482
OxyContin® 117 153 139 188 64 26 115 144
Tranquilizers 470 607 587 626 360 348 383 429
Stimulants4 302b 457 298a 465 103 165 200 203
Methamphetamine4 77a 163 113 172 20a 80 104 87
Sedatives 56 103 69 103 41 54 67 111
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 2,385 2,633 2,674 2,904 1,445 1,415 2,062 2,205
100506
Table 6.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 29.4a 33.2 16.4 17.9 6.1 5.6 3.3a 3.7
Marijuana and Hashish 24.3a 27.6 13.0a 14.5 4.7 4.4 1.9 2.2
Cocaine 5.1 4.9 1.6 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Crack 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 2.6 3.2 0.9 1.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 1.5 2.0 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.4 0.7 0.5a 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 9.0 10.5 4.5 5.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Pain Relievers 7.2 7.9 3.5 4.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2
OxyContin® 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 2.7 3.5 1.4 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4
Stimulants4 1.7b 2.7 0.7 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Methamphetamine4 0.4a 1.0 0.3 0.4 0.0a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 13.8 15.4 6.6 6.8 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.8
100506
Table 6.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 336 362 724 697 332 327 913b 1,085
Marijuana and Hashish 284 329 608 602 274 244 490b 624
Cocaine 42 22 34 32 8 4 13 12
Crack 2 5 4 3 * * * *
Heroin 4 7 7 1 * * 3 5
Hallucinogens 59 72 95 80 29 17 59 48
LSD 10 18 18 6 6 2 16 9
PCP 6 7 2 3 4 1 2 2
Ecstasy 30 34 42 51 4 7 28 24
Inhalants 25 27 58 43 28 36 157 138
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 136 120 186 176 60a 99 328 377
Pain Relievers 103 99 143 144 46a 83 275 328
OxyContin® 13a 29 21 19 1 7 14 14
Tranquilizers 33 45 51 48 12 21 53a 29
Stimulants4 36 37 37 37 10 14 30 40
Methamphetamine4 15 10 10 10 * 4 3 12
Sedatives 10 6 7 6 3 3 15 25
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 187 176 294 260 106 132 504 551
100506
Table 6.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 68.5 69.9 42.6 42.1 22.9 22.6 4.3b 5.2
Marijuana and Hashish 57.9 63.6 35.8 36.3 18.9 16.8 2.3b 3.0
Cocaine 8.6a 4.2 2.0 2.0 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1
Crack 0.5 1.1 0.3 0.2 * * * *
Heroin 0.9 1.3 0.4 0.1 * * 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 12.0 13.9 5.6 4.8 2.0 1.1 0.3 0.2
LSD 2.0 3.5 1.0 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0
PCP 1.2 1.4 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 6.2 6.5 2.5 3.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 5.0 5.3 3.4 2.6 1.9 2.5 0.7 0.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 27.7 23.2 11.0 10.6 4.1a 6.8 1.5 1.8
Pain Relievers 20.9 19.2 8.4 8.7 3.2b 5.7 1.3 1.6
OxyContin® 2.7a 5.6 1.2 1.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 6.8 8.7 3.0 2.9 0.8 1.4 0.3a 0.1
Stimulants4 7.3 7.1 2.2 2.2 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2
Methamphetamine4 3.1 2.0 0.6 0.6 * 0.3 0.0 0.1
Sedatives 2.1 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 38.1 34.0 17.3 15.7 7.3 9.1 2.4 2.6
100506
Table 6.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 2,227 2,293 2,389b 2,911 1,047 1,004 802 916
Marijuana and Hashish 1,936 2,006 2,017b 2,550 891 872 581 654
Cocaine 294 295 154 129 28 25 31 14
Crack 26 13 15 15 1 8 10 4
Heroin 38 20 20 19 2 7 14 20
Hallucinogens 271 288 188 226 55 56 36 46
LSD 56 55 30 25 5 5 7 11
PCP 4 4 0 * * * * 1
Ecstasy 156 161 106 151 25 42 17 23
Inhalants 41 44 44 54 13 21 6a 29
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 748 780 676 791 249 226 270 322
Pain Relievers 574 575 517 593 192 169 218 264
OxyContin® 56 60 35b 83 23 12 15 21
Tranquilizers 245 262 185 219 85 61 55 74
Stimulants4 160a 225 133 124 22 40 32 32
Methamphetamine4 24 37 28 33 4 11 17 3
Sedatives 16 34 22 22 14 16 12 12
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1,051 1,083 898a 1,041 318 293 318 377
100506
Table 6.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 46.8 49.7 27.3b 31.0 15.8 14.8 6.3 7.1
Marijuana and Hashish 40.7 43.5 23.1b 27.2 13.4 12.9 4.5 5.1
Cocaine 6.2 6.4 1.8 1.4 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.1
Crack 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.7 6.3 2.1 2.4 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.4
LSD 1.2 1.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 * * * * 0.0
Ecstasy 3.3 3.5 1.2 1.6 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.2
Inhalants 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.1a 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 15.7 16.9 7.7 8.4 3.7 3.3 2.1 2.5
Pain Relievers 12.1 12.5 5.9 6.3 2.9 2.5 1.7 2.1
OxyContin® 1.2 1.3 0.4a 0.9 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 5.1 5.7 2.1 2.3 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.6
Stimulants4 3.4a 4.9 1.5 1.3 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3
Methamphetamine4 0.5 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0
Sedatives 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 22.1 23.5 10.3 11.1 4.8 4.3 2.5 2.9
100506
Table 6.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 2,520 3,032 3,591 3,988 2,968 2,679 2,230 2,519
Marijuana and Hashish 1,988 2,391 2,696 3,009 2,186 1,989 1,250 1,447
Cocaine 554 515 472 351 152 163 72 76
Crack 115 155 104 130 48 95 32 65
Heroin 40 32 49 22 26 27 11 35
Hallucinogens 116 194 77 132 39 71 37 27
LSD 2 15 * 10 * * 5 *
PCP * 23 6 9 * 3 * *
Ecstasy 64 141 60 71 22 52 * *
Inhalants 11 42 120a 10 92 63 45 52
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 671 890 993 1,281 787 751 1,119 1,140
Pain Relievers 561 675 772 965 520 473 825 890
OxyContin® 47 64 84 86 40 7 86 109
Tranquilizers 191 300 351 358 264 266 275 326
Stimulants4 106 196 128a 304 71 111 138 130
Methamphetamine4 37a 116 74 129 16 65 84 73
Sedatives 29 63 40 74 25 36 40 74
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1,147 1,374 1,482 1,603 1,020 990 1,240 1,277
100506
Table 6.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 20.9a 25.3 11.8 12.7 4.7 4.3 2.6 2.9
Marijuana and Hashish 16.5 19.9 8.9 9.6 3.5 3.2 1.4 1.7
Cocaine 4.6 4.3 1.6 1.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Crack 1.0 1.3 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.6 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
LSD 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 * * 0.0 *
PCP * 0.2 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 0.5 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 * *
Inhalants 0.1 0.4 0.4a 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 5.6 7.4 3.3 4.1 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.3
Pain Relievers 4.7 5.6 2.5 3.1 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0
OxyContin® 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 1.6 2.5 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Stimulants4 0.9 1.6 0.4a 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Methamphetamine4 0.3a 1.0 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 9.5 11.5 4.9 5.1 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.5
100506
Table 6.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2009)
Aged 21+
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,132a 17,294 3,772 3,911 12,360 13,382
Marijuana or Hashish 12,881a 13,992 3,280 3,460 9,601a 10,533
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1,738 1,536 278a 202 1,460 1,334
Heroin 186 134 33 32 153 102
Hallucinogens 929a 1,137 460 466 469a 670
Inhalants 432 341 174 171 258 170
Pain Relievers2 3,428 3,776 829 867 2,599 2,908
Tranquilizers2 1,417 1,581 290 311 1,128 1,269
Stimulants2,3 704b 1,087 195 234 509b 853
Methamphetamine3 210b 415 35 41 175b 373
Sedatives2 166 260 25 34 141 226
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,503 6,952 1,530 1,503 4,973 5,449
100506
Table 6.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Drinking Age Groups: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2009)
Aged 21+
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.5 13.2 37.5 37.6 10.4 11.1
Marijuana or Hashish 10.0a 10.7 32.6 33.3 8.1 8.8
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1.3 1.2 2.8a 1.9 1.2 1.1
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.9 4.6 4.5 0.4a 0.6
Inhalants 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.6 0.2 0.1
Pain Relievers2 2.7 2.9 8.2 8.3 2.2 2.4
Tranquilizers2 1.1 1.2 2.9 3.0 0.9 1.1
Stimulants2,3 0.5b 0.8 1.9 2.2 0.4b 0.7
Methamphetamine3 0.2b 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1b 0.3
Sedatives2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.0 5.3 15.2 14.4 4.2 4.5
100506
Table 6.16A – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2009)
Aged 21+
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated row include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 7,205 7,782 1,722 1,790 5,483 5,992
Marijuana or Hashish 6,396 6,928 1,627 1,722 4,769 5,206
Cocaine (Including Crack) 542 388 82b 30 459 357
Heroin 53 43 3 5 50 38
Hallucinogens 64 122 39 39 24 83
Inhalants 32 24 20 10 12 13
Pain Relievers3 554 598 79 93 475 505
Tranquilizers3 171 169 13 16 158 153
Stimulants3 58 54 9 9 49 45
Methamphetamine4 46 119 6 6 40 113
Sedatives3 15 19 2 * 13 19
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1,302 1,376 212 171 1,090 1,205
100506
Table 6.16B – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Underage and Legal Age Drinking Groups: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-20
(2008)
Aged 12-20
(2009)
Aged 21+
(2008)
Aged 21+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on nonimputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated row include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5.6 6.0 17.4 17.5 4.6 5.0
Marijuana or Hashish 5.0 5.3 16.5 16.9 4.0 4.3
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.4 0.3 0.8b 0.3 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.1
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Pain Relievers3 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.9 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Stimulants3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Methamphetamine4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Sedatives3 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1.0 1.1 2.1 1.7 0.9 1.0
100506
Table 6.17A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,132a 17,294 1,392 1,386 5,663b 6,209 9,078 9,699
Marijuana or Hashish 12,881a 13,992 1,166 1,175 4,845b 5,428 6,870 7,389
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1,738 1,536 84 58 475 449 1,178 1,030
Heroin 186 134 11 8 60 46 115 81
Hallucinogens 929a 1,137 183 169 514 571 232 397
Inhalants 432 341 111 106 97 119 223 115
Pain Relievers2 3,428 3,776 292 325 1,283 1,337 1,853 2,114
Tranquilizers2 1,417 1,581 96 114 515 542 806 924
Stimulants2,3 704b 1,087 82 88 316 388 305b 611
Methamphetamine3 210b 415 25 24 57 80 127b 310
Sedatives2 166 260 20 15 52 72 94 173
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,503 6,952 587 568 2,267 2,416 3,649 3,967
100506
Table 6.17B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.5 13.2 38.3 38.2 28.1a 29.9 8.6 9.1
Marijuana or Hashish 10.0a 10.7 32.1 32.4 24.0b 26.1 6.5 7.0
Cocaine (Including Crack) 1.3 1.2 2.3 1.6 2.4 2.2 1.1 1.0
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.9 5.0 4.7 2.5 2.7 0.2 0.4
Inhalants 0.3 0.3 3.1 2.9 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.1
Pain Relievers2 2.7 2.9 8.0 9.0 6.4 6.4 1.8 2.0
Tranquilizers2 1.1 1.2 2.6 3.2 2.6 2.6 0.8 0.9
Stimulants2,3 0.5b 0.8 2.3 2.4 1.6 1.9 0.3b 0.6
Methamphetamine3 0.2b 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.4 0.1b 0.3
Sedatives2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.0 5.3 16.1 15.7 11.3 11.6 3.5 3.7
100506
Table 6.18A – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated row include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 7,205 7,782 554 569 2,725a 3,006 3,926 4,207
Marijuana or Hashish 6,396 6,928 510 535 2,539a 2,834 3,348 3,559
Cocaine (Including Crack) 542 388 23 10 142 97 377 281
Heroin 53 43 2 3 12 6 39 33
Hallucinogens 64 122 16 9 39 63 9 49
Inhalants 32 24 11 8 10 9 11 8
Pain Relievers3 554 598 35 24 166 199 353 375
Tranquilizers3 171 169 3 3 47 58 121 109
Stimulants3 58 54 5 2 26 20 27 32
Methamphetamine4 46 119 4 2 14 19 29 98
Sedatives3 15 19 2 0 * 8 13 11
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1,302 1,376 74 53 395 403 833 920
100506
Table 6.18B – Types of Illicit Drugs Used with Alcohol or within 2 Hours of Alcohol Use on the Most Recent Use of Alcohol in the Past Month among Past Month Alcohol Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates are based on non-imputed responses to questions in the core and noncore modules; therefore, respondents with unknown responses to the questions about other drugs used with alcohol were excluded. Respondents could indicate multiple other drugs used with alcohol; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Refers to nonmedical use; does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates in the designated row include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 5.6 6.0 15.7 16.1 13.6 14.6 3.7 4.0
Marijuana or Hashish 5.0 5.3 14.5 15.2 12.7 13.8 3.2 3.4
Cocaine (Including Crack) 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pain Relievers3 0.4 0.5 1.0 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.3 0.4
Tranquilizers3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Stimulants3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Methamphetamine4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Sedatives3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 1.0 1.1 2.1 1.5 2.0 1.9 0.8 0.9
100506
Table 6.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,214 10,854 1,957 2,291 5,918 6,439 1,988 2,229
Marijuana and Hashish 8,543 9,041 1,434 1,709 4,338 4,952 887 1,017
Cocaine 1,330 1,249 88 69 408 287 29 32
Crack 268 403 23 47 49 21 20 22
Heroin 167 117 26 57 18 18 * *
Hallucinogens 739 830 68 57 190a 307 63 64
LSD 103 127 18 12 23 11 10 8
PCP 16 44 * 1 6 6 * *
Ecstasy 426 513 30 28 84a 195 16 23
Inhalants 237 197 35 44 195 144 173 175
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,801a 3,284 743 763 1,705 1,831 974 1,076
Pain Relievers 2,127a 2,473 529 610 1,301 1,302 789 872
OxyContin® 280 314 100 126 41 52 15 18
Tranquilizers 987 1,004 239 271 430 576 144 158
Stimulants3 491b 842 115 140 213 245 86 63
Methamphetamine3 139b 343 76 74 70 72 28 13
Sedatives 94a 183 22 50 72 77 46 61
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,227 4,601 866 888 2,276 2,351 1,196 1,317
100506
Table 6.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 25.4a 27.6 10.0 11.9 6.7 7.1 2.0 2.2
Marijuana and Hashish 21.2a 23.0 7.4 8.9 4.9 5.4 0.9 1.0
Cocaine 3.3 3.2 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.0
Crack 0.7 1.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 * *
Hallucinogens 1.8 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.2a 0.3 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 0.0 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 1.1 1.3 0.2 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 7.0b 8.3 3.8 4.0 1.9 2.0 1.0 1.1
Pain Relievers 5.3a 6.3 2.7 3.2 1.5 1.4 0.8 0.9
OxyContin® 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 2.5 2.6 1.2 1.4 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.2
Stimulants3 1.2b 2.1 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.2a 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 10.5a 11.7 4.4 4.6 2.6 2.6 1.2 1.3
100506
Table 6.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 824 863 285 293 568 523 627b 792
Marijuana and Hashish 727 784 233 254 439 391 258b 370
Cocaine 67 43 10 7 17 14 4 5
Crack 6 8 0 * 1 * * *
Heroin 11 7 3 4 * 1 * 1
Hallucinogens 124 136 33 17 59 33 26 31
LSD 26 23 12 4 8 3 4 5
PCP 6 10 * * 6 1 2 2
Ecstasy 60 78 21a 4 17 14 7 19
Inhalants 60 46 21 16 51 61 136 122
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 231 284 71 53 151 111 257a 324
Pain Relievers 187 231 55 43 105 95 220a 284
OxyContin® 29 49 8 9 6 6 6 5
Tranquilizers 69 96 15 6 27 18 39 23
Stimulants3 45a 75 10 15 37a 13 20 26
Methamphetamine3 22 23 2 5 4 1 1 6
Sedatives 14 12 5 9 6 3 10 16
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 361 373 107 85 226 195 397 466
100506
Table 6.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 61.9 63.9 30.6 34.9 24.6 23.0 3.1b 3.9
Marijuana and Hashish 54.7 58.0 25.0 30.3 19.0 17.2 1.3b 1.8
Cocaine 5.0 3.2 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.0
Crack 0.4 0.6 0.0 * 0.0 * * *
Heroin 0.8 0.5 0.3 0.5 * 0.0 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 9.3 10.0 3.5 2.1 2.6 1.5 0.1 0.2
LSD 1.9 1.7 1.3 0.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.5 0.7 * * 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 4.5 5.8 2.3a 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.1
Inhalants 4.5 3.4 2.3 1.9 2.2 2.7 0.7 0.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 17.4 21.0 7.6 6.3 6.5 4.9 1.3a 1.6
Pain Relievers 14.1 17.1 5.9 5.2 4.6 4.2 1.1a 1.4
OxyContin® 2.2 3.6 0.9 1.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.0
Tranquilizers 5.2 7.1 1.6 0.8 1.2 0.8 0.2 0.1
Stimulants3 3.4a 5.6 1.1 1.7 1.6a 0.6 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 1.6 1.7 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 1.0 0.9 0.5 1.0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 27.2 27.6 11.5 10.1 9.8 8.6 2.0 2.3
100506
Table 6.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,877a 4,236 457 525 1,786 1,972 346 390
Marijuana and Hashish 3,421a 3,732 363 429 1,424b 1,696 218 225
Cocaine 408 381 22 8 68 68 9 6
Crack 35 32 7 1 7 4 3 2
Heroin 59 44 12 18 1 1 1 2
Hallucinogens 412 432 24 36 102 139 11 11
LSD 77 78 6 7 13 7 1 4
PCP 4 * * 1 * 3 * *
Ecstasy 239 272 8 20 47 83 9 3
Inhalants 76 95 1 20 22 24 5 9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,185a 1,359 135 150 488 438 135 172
Pain Relievers 942 1,021 105 110 341 315 114 154
OxyContin® 97 137 11 11 18 17 3 10
Tranquilizers 393 413 33 45 122 129 21 28
Stimulants3 226b 321 22 25 90 67 10 8
Methamphetamine3 45 79 11 0 11 2 5 2
Sedatives 22a 57 3 * 30 15 9 3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,646 1,825 169 184 622 592 149 193
100506
Table 6.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 41.6b 44.7 18.8 20.7 16.5 17.5 3.3 3.8
Marijuana and Hashish 36.7a 39.3 14.9 16.9 13.2a 15.0 2.1 2.2
Cocaine 4.4 4.0 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1
Crack 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 4.4 4.6 1.0 1.4 0.9 1.2 0.1 0.1
LSD 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 * * 0.0 * 0.0 * *
Ecstasy 2.6 2.9 0.3 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.0
Inhalants 0.8 1.0 0.0 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 12.7a 14.3 5.5 5.9 4.5 3.9 1.3 1.7
Pain Relievers 10.1 10.8 4.3 4.3 3.2 2.8 1.1 1.5
OxyContin® 1.0 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1
Tranquilizers 4.2 4.4 1.4 1.8 1.1 1.1 0.2 0.3
Stimulants3 2.4b 3.4 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.1 0.1
Methamphetamine3 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.2a 0.6 0.1 * 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 17.6 19.2 7.0 7.2 5.7 5.2 1.4 1.9
100506
Table 6.22A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,514 5,755 1,216 1,472 3,564 3,944 1,015 1,047
Marijuana and Hashish 4,394 4,525 838 1,026 2,476 2,865 411 422
Cocaine 855 825 56 54 323 205 16 22
Crack 227 363 16 46 40 16 16 20
Heroin 97 65 11 35 17 16 * *
Hallucinogens 203 262 11 4 29a 135 26 22
LSD * 25 * * * * 5 *
PCP 6 34 * * * * * *
Ecstasy 127 164 * 4 19a 99 * *
Inhalants 101 56 13 8 122 59 32 44
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,385 1,640 538 560 1,067 1,282 581 581
Pain Relievers 998 1,221 370 456 855 892 456 434
OxyContin® 154 128 80 106 17 29 5 *
Tranquilizers 526 495 191 219 281 429 84 107
Stimulants3 219b 445 83 101 86 165 55 30
Methamphetamine3 72b 241 63 68 55 69 21 5
Sedatives 58 114 14 32 36 58 27 42
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,220 2,403 590 619 1,429 1,564 650 658
100506
Table 6.22B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette and Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Drug CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Cigarettes and Alcohol Cigarettes But Not Alcohol Alcohol But Not Cigarettes Neither Alcohol Nor
Cigarettes
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18.6 20.2 7.5 9.3 4.7 5.1 1.4 1.5
Marijuana and Hashish 14.8 15.9 5.2 6.4 3.3 3.7 0.6 0.6
Cocaine 2.9 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.0
Crack 0.8 1.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 * *
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.9 0.1 0.0 0.0a 0.2 0.0 0.0
LSD * 0.1 * * * * 0.0 *
PCP 0.0 0.1 * * * * * *
Ecstasy 0.4 0.6 * 0.0 0.0a 0.1 * *
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.7 5.7 3.3 3.5 1.4 1.7 0.8 0.8
Pain Relievers 3.4 4.3 2.3 2.9 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.6
OxyContin® 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Tranquilizers 1.8 1.7 1.2 1.4 0.4 0.6 0.1 0.2
Stimulants3 0.7b 1.6 0.5 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0
Methamphetamine3 0.2b 0.8 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Sedatives 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.5 8.4 3.7 3.9 1.9 2.0 0.9 0.9
100506
Table 6.23A – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use, Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use, and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Cigarette Use/Level of Alcohol Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 20,077b 21,813 2,304 2,471 6,465b 7,124 11,308 12,218
Heavy Alcohol Use1 5,082a 5,687 336 362 2,227 2,293 2,520 3,032
Binge Alcohol Use But Not Heavy Use1 6,703a 7,597 724 697 2,389b 2,911 3,591 3,988
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
4,346 4,010 332 327 1,047 1,004 2,968 2,679
No Alcohol Use 3,945a 4,520 913b 1,085 802 916 2,230 2,519
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 12,172a 13,145 1,109 1,156 4,333b 4,762 6,729 7,227
Heavy Alcohol Use1 3,676a 4,281 244 290 1,672 1,773 1,760a 2,218
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
   Heavy Use1
4,198 4,606 444 420 1,637a 1,899 2,117 2,286
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
2,340 1,967 136 153 567 563 1,637 1,251
No Alcohol Use 1,957 2,291 285 293 457 525 1,216 1,472
NO PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 7,905 8,668 1,195 1,315 2,131a 2,363 4,578 4,991
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,407 1,406 93 72 554 520 760 814
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
   Heavy Use1
2,505a 2,991 280 277 752b 1,012 1,473 1,702
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
2,006 2,042 196 174 480 441 1,331 1,427
No Alcohol Use 1,988 2,229 627b 792 346 390 1,015 1,047
100506
Table 6.23B – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Past Month Cigarette Use, Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use, and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Cigarette Use/Level of Alcohol Use Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8.0b 8.7 9.3a 10.0 19.6b 21.2 5.9 6.3
Heavy Alcohol Use1 29.4a 33.2 68.5 69.9 46.8 49.7 20.9a 25.3
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
   Heavy Use1
16.4 17.9 42.6 42.1 27.3b 31.0 11.8 12.7
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
6.1 5.6 22.9 22.6 15.8 14.8 4.7 4.3
No Alcohol Use 3.3a 3.7 4.3b 5.2 6.3 7.1 2.6 2.9
PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 20.4b 22.4 49.0 52.8 36.9b 39.6 14.7 16.3
Heavy Alcohol Use1 36.6b 44.4 76.4 76.5 54.3 57.4 26.5b 36.0
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
   Heavy Use1
25.2 27.7 60.1 60.9 37.1a 41.6 18.4 20.1
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
17.2 15.0 50.1 54.1 30.9 30.8 14.2 11.4
No Alcohol Use 10.0 11.9 30.6 34.9 18.8 20.7 7.5 9.3
NO PAST MONTH CIGARETTE USE 4.2 4.5 5.3a 5.9 10.1 11.0 3.1 3.3
Heavy Alcohol Use1 19.4 18.8 53.9 51.8 33.0 34.2 14.1 14.0
Binge Alcohol Use But Not
   Heavy Use1
10.4 11.6 29.2 28.6 17.3b 21.0 7.8 8.5
Alcohol Use But Not Binge
   Use1
3.5 3.5 16.7 15.0 10.0 8.9 2.6 2.8
No Alcohol Use 2.0 2.2 3.1b 3.9 3.3 3.8 1.4 1.5
100506
Table 6.24A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 11,087 11,052
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 3,406 3,442 5,264 5,117
Cigars 7,505 7,496 5,621 5,773
Pipe Tobacco 957 1,105 920 982
ALCOHOL 40,290 39,375 88,684 91,246
Binge Alcohol Use2 26,675 26,252 31,421a 33,309
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10,032 9,637 7,259 7,492
100506
Table 6.24B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 5.8 5.7
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 5.7 5.9 2.8 2.6
Cigars 12.6 12.8 3.0 3.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.6 1.9 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 67.4 67.1 46.7 47.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 44.6 44.8 16.5 17.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 16.8 16.4 3.8 3.9
100506
Table 6.25A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 583 670
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 292 303 255 274
Cigars 598 630 345 349
Pipe Tobacco 128 137 49a 94
ALCOHOL 1,329 1,351 2,306 2,272
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,058 1,069 1,130 1,106
Heavy Alcohol Use2 319 379 172 138
100506
Table 6.25B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 2.6a 3.0
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 12.9 13.8 1.1 1.2
Cigars 26.5 28.8 1.5 1.6
Pipe Tobacco 5.6 6.2 0.2b 0.4
ALCOHOL 58.8 61.7 10.2 10.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 46.8 48.8 5.0 4.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.1a 17.3 0.8 0.6
100506
Table 6.26A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 1,871 1,949
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 1,105a 1,269 667a 784
Cigars 2,485 2,620 1,236 1,217
Pipe Tobacco 302a 406 155 178
ALCOHOL 9,325 9,487 10,824 11,280
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,488 7,655 6,022 6,343
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,080 3,090 1,681 1,522
100506
Table 6.26B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 8.8 9.0
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4 10.5 3.2 3.6
Cigars 21.1 21.8 5.8 5.6
Pipe Tobacco 2.6a 3.4 0.7 0.8
ALCOHOL 79.3 78.9 51.1 52.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 63.7 63.6 28.4 29.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 26.2 25.7 7.9a 7.1
100506
Table 6.27A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 8,633 8,433
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 2,010 1,870 4,341 4,059
Cigars 4,422 4,245 4,040 4,207
Pipe Tobacco 528 562 717 710
ALCOHOL 29,636 28,536 75,555 77,694
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,129 17,528 24,268 25,860
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6,633 6,168 5,407 5,832
100506
Table 6.27B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Past Month Cigarette Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance CIGARETTE USE IN PAST MONTH
Any Use No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 N/A N/A 5.9 5.7
Cigarettes N/A N/A N/A N/A
Smokeless Tobacco 4.4 4.2 3.0 2.7
Cigars 9.7 9.6 2.8 2.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.2 1.3 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 64.8 64.2 51.7 52.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 39.6 39.4 16.6 17.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.5 13.9 3.7 3.9
100506
Table 6.28A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 11,899 11,463 19,707 20,159 16,793 16,165 22,469 21,926
Cigarettes 10,032 9,637 16,643 16,615 13,615 13,122 19,490 19,287
Smokeless Tobacco 2,163 2,149 2,401 2,761 1,564 1,571 2,542 2,079
Cigars 3,073 3,015 4,454 4,562 3,235 2,951 2,365 2,741
Pipe Tobacco 343 379 510 725 435 512 588 471
100506
Table 6.28B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 68.8 66.9 48.3 47.5 23.7 22.7 18.6 18.1
Cigarettes 58.0 56.3 40.8 39.2 19.2 18.5 16.1 15.9
Smokeless Tobacco 12.5 12.5 5.9 6.5 2.2 2.2 2.1a 1.7
Cigars 17.8 17.6 10.9 10.8 4.6 4.2 2.0 2.3
Pipe Tobacco 2.0 2.2 1.2 1.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.4
100506
Table 6.29A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 378 431 890 891 363 363 1,213 1,175
Cigarettes 319 379 739 690 271 282 931 840
Smokeless Tobacco 93 87 160 204 38 53 256 232
Cigars 177 186 322 312 136 147 309 335
Pipe Tobacco 38 56 80 88 16 27 43 60
100506
Table 6.29B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 77.0 83.3 52.4 53.8 25.1 25.0 5.7 5.6
Cigarettes 65.0a 73.3 43.5 41.6 18.7 19.5 4.4 4.0
Smokeless Tobacco 19.0 16.8 9.4a 12.3 2.6 3.7 1.2 1.1
Cigars 36.1 35.9 18.9 18.8 9.4 10.1 1.5 1.6
Pipe Tobacco 7.6 10.8 4.7 5.3 1.1 1.9 0.2 0.3
100506
Table 6.30A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 3,544 3,572 5,041 5,310 2,234 2,230 2,810 2,868
Cigarettes 3,080 3,090 4,408 4,565 1,837 1,832 2,433 2,544
Smokeless Tobacco 694a 843 632 737 176 163 270 310
Cigars 1,184 1,155 1,351 1,452 613 604 573 626
Pipe Tobacco 145 184 151a 220 70 91 91 89
100506
Table 6.30B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 74.5a 77.4 57.6 56.6 33.7 32.9 22.0 22.4
Cigarettes 64.7 67.0 50.4 48.6 27.7 27.1 19.0 19.9
Smokeless Tobacco 14.6b 18.3 7.2 7.9 2.7 2.4 2.1 2.4
Cigars 24.9 25.1 15.4 15.5 9.2 8.9 4.5 4.9
Pipe Tobacco 3.0 4.0 1.7 2.3 1.0 1.3 0.7 0.7
100506
Table 6.31A – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 7,976 7,461 13,776 13,957 14,196 13,572 18,446 17,883
Cigarettes 6,633 6,168 11,496 11,360 11,507 11,009 16,126 15,903
Smokeless Tobacco 1,376 1,219 1,609 1,819 1,350 1,355 2,016a 1,536
Cigars 1,712 1,673 2,781 2,799 2,486 2,200 1,483 1,780
Pipe Tobacco 161 139 280 418 349 394 454 322
100506
Table 6.31B – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Levels of Past Month Alcohol Use: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE IN PAST MONTH
Heavy Use1 Binge Use But Not
Heavy Use1
Use But Not
Binge Use1
No Use
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 66.2 62.2 45.4 44.5 22.6 21.6 21.3 20.5
Cigarettes 55.1 51.4 37.9 36.2 18.3 17.5 18.6 18.2
Smokeless Tobacco 11.4 10.2 5.3 5.8 2.1 2.2 2.3a 1.8
Cigars 14.2 13.9 9.2 8.9 4.0 3.5 1.7 2.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 0.9 1.3 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
100511
Table 6.32A – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 26,132b 28,338 19,099b 21,488 7,033 6,850 26.9b 24.2
AGE                
12-17 2,032 2,047 1,626 1,690 405 357 19.9 17.4
12-13 83 62 67 42 16 19 * *
14-15 518 541 402 446 116 95 22.4 17.7
16-17 1,430 1,444 1,158 1,202 273 242 19.1 16.8
18-25 8,927b 9,789 6,807b 7,662 2,120 2,127 23.7a 21.7
18-20 3,654 3,912 2,920 3,115 734 797 20.1 20.4
21-25 5,274b 5,876 3,887b 4,546 1,386 1,330 26.3b 22.6
26 or Older 15,173a 16,503 10,665b 12,137 4,508 4,366 29.7 26.5
26-34 6,048 6,660 4,365a 4,966 1,682 1,693 27.8 25.4
35-49 5,906 5,829 4,214 4,150 1,692 1,678 28.7 28.8
50 or Older 3,220a 4,015 2,086b 3,020 1,133 995 35.2 24.8
GENDER                
Male 15,359b 17,210 11,706b 13,396 3,652 3,815 23.8 22.2
Female 10,774 11,127 7,393a 8,092 3,381 3,035 31.4a 27.3
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 1,097 1,157 880 964 217 193 19.8 16.6
Female 12-17 934 890 747 725 188 164 20.1 18.5
100511
Table 6.32B – Marijuana Use in the Prior Year and Past Year Marijuana Use Status among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Marijuana Use in Prior Year Marijuana Use in Prior Year
and Past Year
Marijuana Use in Prior Year
But No Use in Past Year
Percentage Who Did Not Use
Marijuana in the Past Year
among Prior Year Marijuana
Users
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Prior Year Marijuana Use is defined as using marijuana/hashish 12 to 23 months prior to the interview date.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 10.5b 11.3 7.6b 8.5 2.8 2.7 26.9b 24.2
AGE                
12-17 8.2 8.3 6.5 6.9 1.6 1.5 19.9 17.4
12-13 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.2 0.3 * *
14-15 6.1 6.3 4.8 5.2 1.4 1.1 22.4 17.7
16-17 16.5 16.9 13.4 14.0 3.2 2.8 19.1 16.8
18-25 27.1b 29.1 20.7b 22.8 6.4 6.3 23.7a 21.7
18-20 27.6 28.7 22.1 22.8 5.6 5.8 20.1 20.4
21-25 26.7b 29.5 19.7b 22.8 7.0 6.7 26.3b 22.6
26 or Older 7.9 8.5 5.6a 6.3 2.3 2.3 29.7 26.5
26-34 17.0 18.4 12.3 13.7 4.7 4.7 27.8 25.4
35-49 9.2 9.2 6.6 6.6 2.6 2.7 28.7 28.8
50 or Older 3.5 4.3 2.3b 3.2 1.2 1.1 35.2 24.8
GENDER                
Male 12.7b 14.1 9.7b 11.0 3.0 3.1 23.8 22.2
Female 8.4 8.6 5.8 6.2 2.6 2.3 31.4a 27.3
GENDER/AGE                
Male 12-17 8.6 9.2 6.9 7.7 1.7 1.5 19.8 16.6
Female 12-17 7.7 7.4 6.1 6.0 1.5 1.4 20.1 18.5
100507
Table 6.33A – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 59,781 58,661 34,512 33,061 57.7 56.4
12 46a 18 4 6 * *
13 115 86 23 27 * *
14 207 230 71 59 34.4 25.6
15 440 411 143 138 32.5 33.5
16 613 585 198 174 32.3 29.7
17 840 860 334 321 39.8 37.3
18 1,478 1,453 606 554 41.0 38.1
19 1,491 1,554 661 681 44.4 43.8
20 1,462 1,503 618 607 42.3 40.4
21 1,534 1,549 673 653 43.9 42.1
22 1,520 1,569 735 683 48.4 43.5
23 1,468 1,503 687 689 46.8 45.8
24 1,387 1,539 658 703 47.4 45.7
25 1,418 1,359 682 676 48.1 49.7
26-29 6,326 6,114 3,229 2,947 51.0 48.2
30-34 5,643 6,201 3,154 3,230 55.9 52.1
35-39 5,295 5,108 3,029 3,117 57.2 61.0
40-44 5,867 5,225 3,697 3,272 63.0 62.6
45-49 6,476 5,946 4,454 3,945 68.8 66.4
50-54 5,954 5,738 3,973 3,961 66.7 69.0
55-59 3,664 3,999 2,439 2,695 66.6 67.4
60-64 2,716 2,744 1,883 1,738 69.3 63.3
65 or Older 3,822 3,365 2,557 2,187 66.9 65.0
100507
Table 6.33B – Cigarette Use and Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Category Cigarette Use in Past Month Nicotine Dependence in Past Month Percentage with Nicotine Dependence
among Past Month Cigarette Smokers
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 23.9 23.3 13.8 13.1 57.7 56.4
12 1.2a 0.5 0.1 0.2 * *
13 2.9 2.2 0.6 0.7 * *
14 5.0 5.6 1.7 1.4 34.4 25.6
15 10.1 9.3 3.3 3.1 32.5 33.5
16 14.1 13.9 4.6 4.1 32.3 29.7
17 19.4 19.8 7.7 7.4 39.8 37.3
18 30.2 29.3 12.4 11.2 41.0 38.1
19 34.3 34.0 15.2 14.9 44.4 43.8
20 36.9 36.5 15.6 14.7 42.3 40.4
21 38.5 37.4 16.9 15.7 43.9 42.1
22 37.7 38.9 18.2 16.9 48.4 43.5
23 36.0 37.5 16.8 17.2 46.8 45.8
24 36.0 37.4 17.1 17.1 47.4 45.7
25 37.6 37.5 18.1 18.7 48.1 49.7
26-29 37.1 36.4 18.9 17.5 51.0 48.2
30-34 30.4 31.9 17.0 16.6 55.9 52.1
35-39 26.1 25.7 15.0 15.7 57.2 61.0
40-44 27.4 25.1 17.3 15.7 63.0 62.6
45-49 28.8 26.5 19.8 17.6 68.8 66.4
50-54 27.1 25.8 18.1 17.8 66.7 69.0
55-59 20.6 21.6 13.7 14.5 66.6 67.4
60-64 18.0 17.7 12.5 11.2 69.3 63.3
65 or Older 10.3 8.9 6.9 5.8 66.9 65.0
100507
Table 6.34A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 34,512 33,061 774 724 5,322 5,245 28,416 27,092
GENDER                
Male 18,284 17,253 377 370 2,990 2,954 14,917 13,928
Female 16,228 15,809 397 354 2,332 2,291 13,499 13,164
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 32,124a 30,162 694 629 4,834 4,737 26,595a 24,796
White 26,477 25,269 585 545 4,018 3,836 21,875 20,888
Black or African American 4,254 3,719 65 50 599 646 3,591 3,023
American Indian or Alaska Native 192 233 9 6 25b 47 158 180
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 43 * * * * * *
Asian 397 411 5 7 82 108 310 296
Two or More Races 669 488 29 18 78 80 562 390
Hispanic or Latino 2,388 2,899 80 95 488 509 1,821 2,295
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 8,790 8,934 199 177 1,653 1,740 6,939 7,017
$20,000 - $49,999 13,401 13,082 270 248 2,002 1,995 11,128 10,839
$50,000 - $74,999 5,732a 4,892 116 140 711 643 4,904a 4,110
$75,000 or More 6,589 6,153 188 159 956 868 5,445 5,126
100507
Table 6.34B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 13.8 13.1 3.1 2.9 16.2 15.6 14.8 14.0
GENDER                
Male 15.1 14.1 3.0 2.9 18.0 17.5 16.2 15.0
Female 12.6 12.2 3.3 2.9 14.2 13.7 13.5 13.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 15.0a 14.0 3.4 3.2 17.8 17.3 15.9a 14.7
White 15.6 14.9 4.0 3.8 19.8 18.8 16.3 15.5
Black or African American 14.4 12.4 1.7 1.4 12.9 13.4 17.0a 14.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 19.0 6.9 4.3 14.3 20.6 20.4 20.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 5.2 * * * * * *
Asian 3.7 3.7 0.5 0.7 5.5 7.1 3.7 3.5
Two or More Races 22.2 16.5 5.7 3.5 19.1 18.6 26.8 19.5
Hispanic or Latino 6.8 8.1 1.7 2.0 8.4 8.3 7.4 9.2
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 21.0 20.3 5.3 4.4 17.4 16.6 24.3 23.8
$20,000 - $49,999 16.6 15.9 3.5 3.3 17.6 17.4 18.0 17.2
$50,000 - $74,999 12.3 11.2 2.5 3.2 14.2 14.3 13.3 11.9
$75,000 or More 8.2 7.5 2.1 1.8 13.5 12.1 8.4 7.7
120405
Table 6.35A (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 34,525 33,091 783 734 5,292 5,225 28,450 27,132
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 6,014 5,718 139 129 945 908 4,930 4,680
New England 1,470 1,536 31 46 239 239 1,201 1,250
Middle Atlantic 4,544 4,182 108 83 706 669 3,730 3,430
Midwest 8,723 8,552 240 216 1,452 1,380 7,031 6,956
East North Central 6,199 5,939 174 159 995 987 5,030 4,793
West North Central 2,524 2,613 66 57 457 393 2,002 2,163
South 13,910 13,137 276 256 1,981 1,991 11,653 10,890
South Atlantic 7,004 6,582 141 100 977 973 5,886 5,510
East South Central 2,842 2,760 65 67 399 412 2,377 2,282
West South Central 4,064 3,794 70 89 605 606 3,389 3,099
West 5,878 5,685 128 133 914 946 4,835 4,606
Mountain 2,250 2,132 48 48 348 336 1,854 1,748
Pacific 3,627 3,553 80 85 566 610 2,981 2,858
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 16,100 14,994 307 318 2,452 2,314 13,341 12,362
Small Metro 10,619 10,874 266 248 1,761 1,737 8,592 8,889
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 7,053 6,959 171 144 1,159 1,088 5,724 5,726
< 250K Pop. 3,566 3,915 95 104 602 649 2,868 3,162
Nonmetro 7,806 7,223 210 168 1,079 1,174 6,516 5,882
Urbanized 3,058 2,941 83 63 430 523 2,544 2,355
Less Urbanized 4,056 3,541 102 90 561 561 3,393 2,890
Completely Rural 692 742 24 15 89 90 579 637
120405
Table 6.35B (REVISED) – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2009 detailed tables).
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 13.8 13.1 3.1 3.0 16.1 15.6 14.8 14.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 13.0 12.3 3.2 3.0 15.8 14.8 13.8 13.0
New England 12.2 12.6 2.8 4.1 15.3 15.0 12.8 13.2
Middle Atlantic 13.3 12.2 3.3 2.6 15.9 14.8 14.1 12.9
Midwest 15.9 15.5 4.4 4.0 20.0 18.8 16.7 16.4
East North Central 16.2 15.4 4.5 4.2 19.8 19.4 17.1 16.2
West North Central 15.2 15.6 4.0 3.5 20.4 17.4 15.8 16.9
South 15.3 14.3 3.1 2.8 16.8 16.6 16.6 15.3
South Atlantic 14.6 13.6 3.1 2.2 16.4 15.9 15.7 14.5
East South Central 19.1 18.4 4.4 4.6 21.3 21.7 20.6 19.6
West South Central 14.5 13.3 2.3 3.0 15.4 15.1 16.0 14.4
West 10.2 9.8 2.1 2.3 11.6 11.7 11.0 10.4
Mountain 12.8 12.0 2.7 2.7 14.7 13.9 13.8 12.9
Pacific 9.0 8.8 1.9 2.1 10.2 10.7 9.8 9.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12.1 11.2 2.3 2.4 13.7 13.0 13.1 12.0
Small Metro 14.1 14.2 3.6 3.2 17.4 16.6 14.8 15.2
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 14.1 13.7 3.5 2.8 17.7 16.3 14.8 14.7
< 250K Pop. 14.0 15.0 3.8 4.1 16.9 17.1 14.8 16.0
Nonmetro 18.9 17.5 5.0 4.3 21.6 22.4 20.3 18.3
Urbanized 17.8 16.3 4.7 3.7 18.8 20.8 19.4 17.0
Less Urbanized 20.2 18.6 5.0 5.0 23.8 23.3 21.6 19.5
Completely Rural 17.2 17.7 6.5 3.9 25.0 27.7 17.6 18.3
100507
Table 6.36A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
First Used
at Age 14 or
Younger
(2008)
First Used
at Age 14 or
Younger
(2009)
First Used
at Age
15-17
(2008)
First Used
at Age
15-17
(2009)
First Used
at Age
18+
(2008)
First Used
at Age
18+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 33,738 32,337 14,843 14,678 12,003 11,327 6,892 6,332
AGE                
18-25 5,322 5,245 2,821 2,679 1,889 1,880 612 686
26-34 6,383 6,177 3,012 3,022 2,268 2,148 1,103 1,007
35-49 11,180 10,334 5,095 4,887 3,827 3,519 2,258 1,928
50 or Older 10,853 10,581 3,915 4,089 4,018 3,780 2,919 2,711
GENDER                
Male 17,907 16,883 8,355 7,871 6,122 5,960 3,430 3,052
Female 15,831 15,455 6,488 6,806 5,881 5,367 3,462 3,281
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,429a 29,533 14,076 13,663 11,061 10,173 6,293 5,697
White 25,892 24,724 12,300 12,051 8,993 8,507 4,600 4,166
Black or African American 4,189 3,668 1,228 1,096 1,620 1,390 1,341 1,183
Other or Two or More Races 1,348 1,140 * 517 448 276 352 348
Hispanic or Latino 2,309 2,804 767 1,014 942 1,154 599 635
EDUCATION                
< High School 8,493 8,353 4,263 4,584 2,901 2,678 1,329 1,091
High School Graduate 13,871 12,807 6,037 5,522 5,092 4,797 2,742 2,488
Some College 8,075 7,817 3,377 3,384 2,867 2,718 1,831 1,716
College Graduate 3,299 3,360 1,166 1,188 1,143 1,134 990 1,038
100507
Table 6.36B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
First Used
at Age 14 or
Younger
(2008)
First Used
at Age 14 or
Younger
(2009)
First Used
at Age
15-17
(2008)
First Used
at Age
15-17
(2009)
First Used
at Age
18+
(2008)
First Used
at Age
18+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 58.7 57.3 65.1 65.1 59.2a 55.7 47.6 46.6
AGE                
18-25 45.3 43.6 57.0a 53.8 41.1 40.3 27.6 28.7
26-34 53.3 50.2 60.7 59.6 53.9 48.2 39.4 36.1
35-49 63.4 63.5 68.2 69.2 64.5 63.4 53.3 52.5
50 or Older 67.2 66.8 72.4 75.3 72.7 66.5 55.9 57.4
GENDER                
Male 58.1 56.7 65.2 65.5 57.7 54.5 46.4 44.6
Female 59.2 57.9 65.0 64.6 60.9 57.0 48.9 48.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 61.5 60.0 67.2 67.4 62.0a 58.1 51.0 49.9
White 62.9 61.8 68.8 68.3 62.4 59.0 52.1 52.3
Black or African American 58.5 55.1 59.4 62.8 63.0 61.3 53.3 44.9
Other or Two or More Races 47.9 45.3 * 59.0 53.3a 33.7 35.4 42.3
Hispanic or Latino 36.0 38.6 41.5 44.5 38.7 40.6 28.1 29.5
EDUCATION                
< High School 70.4 68.1 76.8 77.1 70.9a 63.6 54.8 51.7
High School Graduate 64.6a 60.9 71.5a 66.9 64.6 60.7 53.4 51.1
Some College 53.1 53.3 60.4 62.3 52.8 50.3 43.6 44.8
College Graduate 37.6 39.5 36.4 40.8 39.9 40.1 36.4 37.4
100507
Table 6.37A – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY1 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily1
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 33,738 32,337 5,860 5,877 12,979 12,371 13,774 13,094 1,125 995
AGE                    
18-25 5,322 5,245 1,107a 961 2,460 2,328 1,443a 1,642 312 314
26-34 6,383 6,177 1,172 1,150 2,374 2,426 2,593 2,435 244 165
35-49 11,180 10,334 2,082 2,183 4,262 3,790 4,658a 4,022 179a 339
50 or Older 10,853 10,581 1,500 1,584 3,883 3,826 5,080 4,995 * *
GENDER                    
Male 17,907 16,883 3,381 3,034 6,988 6,591 6,727 6,635 811 622
Female 15,831 15,455 2,479 2,843 5,991 5,780 7,047 6,459 314 373
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 31,429a 29,533 5,495 5,444 12,254 11,335 12,873 11,994 807 759
White 25,892 24,724 4,948 4,832 10,529 9,958 9,962 9,522 454 411
Black or African American 4,189 3,668 * * 1,205 1,090 2,305 1,878 306 309
Other or Two or More Races 1,348 1,140 * 221 * 287 606 593 * 39
Hispanic or Latino 2,309 2,804 * * 724 1,036 901 1,100 317 235
EDUCATION                    
< High School 8,493 8,353 2,172 2,321 3,699 3,505 2,132 2,257 490 271
High School Graduate 13,871 12,807 2,320 2,123 5,581 5,134 5,613 5,155 357 395
Some College 8,075 7,817 1,164 1,212 2,825 2,829 3,975 3,547 110a 229
College Graduate 3,299 3,360 * * 873 903 2,054 2,135 167 100
100507
Table 6.37B – Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence in the Past Month among Past Month Cigarette Smokers Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Cigarettes Daily and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED CIGARETTES DAILY2 Never Used
Cigarettes Daily2
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Nicotine (Cigarette) Dependence is based on criteria derived from the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS) or the Fagerstrom Test of Nicotine Dependence (FTND). See Section B.4.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older who used cigarettes in past month, regardless of whether they ever used cigarettes daily.
2 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 58.7 57.3 78.9 81.6 72.9 71.5 58.1 56.3 13.1 11.4
AGE                    
18-25 45.3 43.6 78.3 76.1 65.9 63.3 46.3 48.8 8.9 8.4
26-34 53.3 50.2 82.2 75.8 66.1 65.8 52.9 48.1 11.9 8.1
35-49 63.4 63.5 83.2 82.9 75.4 76.7 60.5 59.5 10.0 17.4
50 or Older 67.2 66.8 71.9b 88.4 80.4 76.6 63.6 61.8 * *
GENDER                    
Male 58.1 56.7 79.3 80.5 71.9 73.4 57.3 55.6 16.0 12.2
Female 59.2 57.9 78.5 82.7 74.1a 69.5 58.9 57.0 8.9 10.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 61.5 60.0 80.2 82.5 74.6 72.3 60.0 58.3 12.7 11.9
White 62.9 61.8 82.3 83.2 75.2 72.6 60.4 59.2 9.8 9.3
Black or African American 58.5 55.1 * * 72.2 75.2 63.3 57.2 25.1 22.4
Other or Two or More Races 47.9 45.3 * 88.0 * 54.9 45.8 50.0 * 7.0
Hispanic or Latino 36.0 38.6 * * 52.9 63.9 40.0 40.6 14.3 10.1
EDUCATION                    
< High School 70.4 68.1 86.7 87.7 81.1 77.4 64.8 67.0 28.7a 15.7
High School Graduate 64.6a 60.9 80.3 80.7 76.4 73.0 63.7 60.3 14.6 14.1
Some College 53.1 53.3 74.6 79.6 66.3 70.1 56.7 52.3 4.6a 9.9
College Graduate 37.6 39.5 * * 52.2 53.1 44.8 46.8 8.1 5.4
100506
Table 6.38A – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 5,841 6,044 2,374 2,330 2,181 2,432 981 929 305 352
AGE                    
18-25 2,563 2,572 1,154 1,072 1,027 1,117 308 309 74 74
26-34 1,502 1,433 508 604 621 555 292 226 80 49
35-49 1,425 1,305 684a 459 401 498 274 239 66 109
50 or Older 351b 733 27a 196 133 262 106 154 85 120
GENDER                    
Male 3,550a 4,135 1,513 1,553 1,242b 1,674 606 679 189 230
Female 2,291a 1,909 861 778 939 759 375 250 116 123
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,044 5,216 2,067 2,023 1,896 2,101 861 829 219 263
White 3,918 4,060 1,664 1,633 1,474 1,597 654 643 126 186
Black or African American 914 867 333 308 358 384 176 150 48 26
Other or Two or More Races 212 289 71 82 64 120 32 37 45 51
Hispanic or Latino 797 828 306 308 285 332 120 99 86 89
EDUCATION                    
< High School 1,301 1,583 683 736 393 523 95 146 130 178
High School Graduate 2,159 2,110 887 845 828 880 327 288 117 97
Some College 1,638 1,570 539 516 663 720 392 277 44 56
College Graduate 743 781 265 233 297 309 167 218 15 21
100506
Table 6.38B – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 2.6 2.7 13.5 12.6 6.0 6.6 2.2 2.1 0.2 0.3
AGE                    
18-25 7.8 7.7 24.6 22.3 13.8 13.9 6.9 6.6 0.5 0.5
26-34 4.2 4.0 15.2 15.2 8.4 7.2 3.9 3.0 0.5 0.3
35-49 2.2 2.1 8.6 6.3 2.7 3.7 2.3 2.1 0.2 0.4
50 or Older 0.4b 0.8 1.8a 8.1 1.9 3.4 0.5 0.7 0.1 0.2
GENDER                    
Male 3.3a 3.8 14.9 14.3 6.1b 8.4 2.7 2.9 0.3 0.4
Female 2.0a 1.6 11.6 10.2 5.7a 4.4 1.7 1.2 0.2 0.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.7 13.3 12.4 5.7 6.3 2.1 2.0 0.2 0.2
White 2.5 2.6 12.9 11.9 5.3 5.7 2.0 1.9 0.2 0.2
Black or African American 3.5 3.3 17.1 18.4 8.7 10.3 3.2 2.7 0.3 0.2
Other or Two or More Races 1.5 2.0 10.1 10.1 5.7 9.0 1.6 2.2 0.4 0.5
Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.7 14.9 13.5 7.8 8.6 3.6 2.7 0.4 0.4
EDUCATION                    
< High School 3.7a 4.6 20.5 20.0 9.1 11.1 2.8 4.3 0.5 0.8
High School Graduate 3.1 3.0 15.4 13.4 7.1 7.4 2.7 2.4 0.3 0.2
Some College 2.9 2.7 11.0 10.2 5.9 6.7 3.1 2.2 0.2 0.2
College Graduate 1.2 1.2 7.4 6.7 3.1 3.2 1.0 1.3 0.0 0.1
100506
Table 6.39A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 17,119 17,527 6,541 6,928 7,297 7,500 3,282 3,100
AGE                
18-25 5,670 5,381 2,331 2,235 2,572 2,435 767 711
26-34 4,104 4,184 1,490 1,639 1,769 1,702 845 843
35-49 4,623 4,624 2,036 1,890 1,794 1,836 793 898
50 or Older 2,723 3,338 683a 1,164 1,162 1,526 877 648
GENDER                
Male 11,173 11,632 4,268 4,755 4,810 4,832 2,095 2,045
Female 5,947 5,896 2,273 2,173 2,487 2,668 1,187 1,055
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,544 14,749 5,551 5,951 6,298 6,425 2,694 2,374
White 11,941 11,975 4,809 4,982 5,283 5,377 1,849 1,616
Black or African American 1,880 2,032 559 676 735 761 586 594
Other or Two or More Races 723 742 183a 292 280 286 259 163
Hispanic or Latino 2,576 2,779 989 977 999 1,075 587 726
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,574b 3,251 1,096 1,348 1,054 1,212 424a 691
High School Graduate 5,448 5,040 2,022 2,068 2,266 2,154 1,159a 817
Some College 5,149 4,839 1,968 1,915 2,330 2,156 850 768
College Graduate 3,949 4,397 1,454 1,597 1,647 1,977 849 824
100506
Table 6.39B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 7.6 7.7 16.5 17.5 10.0 10.0 3.9 3.7
AGE                
18-25 17.2a 16.0 31.8 30.8 20.6a 19.0 9.1 8.1
26-34 11.5 11.6 20.8 21.3 14.6 13.7 6.6 6.7
35-49 7.2 7.3 13.7 13.6 7.8 8.2 3.9 4.3
50 or Older 3.0 3.5 6.6a 10.7 4.6 5.7 2.1 1.5
GENDER                
Male 10.3 10.6 17.5 19.3 12.1 11.9 6.0 5.9
Female 5.1 5.0 14.9 14.4 7.5 7.8 2.5 2.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.5 7.5 15.8 17.0 9.7 9.7 3.8 3.2
White 7.7 7.7 15.9 16.2 9.5 9.5 3.4 2.9
Black or African American 7.3 7.7 17.2a 24.7 11.2 11.4 5.3 5.0
Other or Two or More Races 5.1 5.2 10.4b 19.8 10.6 9.7 4.4 2.7
Hispanic or Latino 8.5 8.9 22.0 21.1 12.4 12.4 5.1 6.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 7.3b 9.4 19.2 23.1 12.2 13.3 3.7a 6.3
High School Graduate 7.8 7.2 18.5 18.5 9.7 9.3 4.5a 3.1
Some College 9.0 8.4 17.8 18.0 11.6 10.5 4.0 3.5
College Graduate 6.3 6.8 12.1 13.2 7.9 9.0 3.4 3.2
100506
Table 6.40A – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
21 OR OLDER 14,971 15,533 5,554 6,063 6,291 6,497 2,247 2,131 879 841
21 to 25 3,521 3,386 1,344 1,370 1,567 1,433 522 494 89 89
26 or Older 11,449 12,147 4,210 4,693 4,725 5,064 1,725 1,637 790 752
26 to 49 8,726 8,808 3,526 3,529 3,563 3,538 1,171 1,162 467 580
26 to 34 4,104 4,184 1,490 1,639 1,769 1,702 643 587 202 256
35 to 49 4,623 4,624 2,036 1,890 1,794 1,836 528 574 265 323
50 or Older 2,723 3,338 683a 1,164 1,162 1,526 554 475 324 173
100506
Table 6.40B – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
21 OR OLDER 7.1 7.3 15.1 16.5 9.3 9.4 4.7 4.4 2.6 2.5
21 to 25 17.9 17.0 31.1 31.4 22.0 20.2 12.0 10.9 4.3 4.2
26 or Older 6.0 6.3 13.0 14.5 7.8 8.2 4.0 3.7 2.5 2.4
26 to 49 8.7 8.9 16.0 16.4 10.2 10.1 6.0 5.8 3.5 4.3
26 to 34 11.5 11.6 20.8 21.3 14.6 13.7 8.7 8.0 3.7 4.9
35 to 49 7.2 7.3 13.7 13.6 7.8 8.2 4.4 4.6 3.3 3.9
50 or Older 3.0 3.5 6.6a 10.7 4.6 5.7 2.3 2.0 1.8 0.9
100506
Table 6.41A – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 4,227 4,306 1,781 1,711 1,557 1,795 740 587 150 213
AGE                    
18-25 1,853 1,806 881 775 739 792 189 207 45 31
26-34 1,123 993 360 473 469 398 246a 107 49 16
35-49 1,026 1,013 521 365 261 397 216 164 28 87
50 or Older 225a 494 19a 98 88 208 89 109 29 79
GENDER                    
Male 2,483 2,798 1,082 1,097 846b 1,184 455 399 100 118
Female 1,744 1,508 699 614 711 611 285 188 49 95
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,698 3,789 1,545 1,492 1,396 1,572 649 519 108 206
White 2,871 2,976 1,245 1,243 1,084 1,175 497 416 45a 142
Black or African American 673 626 253 189 255 331 129 87 36 19
Other or Two or More Races 153 187 47 60 57 66 23 16 27 45
Hispanic or Latino 529 517 236 219 161 223 91 68 42 8
EDUCATION                    
< High School 862a 1,111 510 499 237a 416 68 107 48 90
High School Graduate 1,580 1,519 675 655 586 588 254 202 65 74
Some College 1,224 1,135 394 392 524 558 275a 142 31 43
College Graduate 561 541 201 166 210 233 143 136 7 6
100506
Table 6.41B – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Marijuana and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED MARIJUANA Never Used
Marijuana
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used an illicit drug.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1.9 1.9 10.1 9.2 4.2 4.9 1.7 1.3 0.1 0.2
AGE                    
18-25 5.6 5.4 18.8a 16.1 9.9 9.9 4.2 4.4 0.3 0.2
26-34 3.2 2.7 10.7 11.9 6.3 5.2 3.3a 1.4 0.3 0.1
35-49 1.6 1.6 6.5 5.0 1.8a 2.9 1.8 1.4 0.1 0.3
50 or Older 0.2a 0.5 1.2 4.0 1.2 2.7 0.4 0.5 0.0 0.1
GENDER                    
Male 2.3 2.5 10.7 10.1 4.2b 6.0 2.0 1.7 0.2 0.2
Female 1.5 1.3 9.4 8.0 4.3 3.6 1.3 0.9 0.1 0.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.9 1.9 10.0 9.2 4.2 4.7 1.6 1.3 0.1 0.2
White 1.9 1.9 9.7 9.0 3.9 4.2 1.5 1.2 0.1a 0.2
Black or African American 2.6 2.4 13.0 11.3 6.2 8.9 2.4 1.6 0.3 0.1
Other or Two or More Races 1.1 1.3 6.7 7.4 5.0 5.0 1.1 0.9 0.3 0.4
Hispanic or Latino 1.7 1.7 11.5 9.6 4.4 5.8 2.7 1.8 0.2 0.0
EDUCATION                    
< High School 2.5a 3.2 15.3 13.5 5.5a 8.8 2.0 3.2 0.2 0.4
High School Graduate 2.3 2.2 11.7 10.4 5.1 4.9 2.1 1.7 0.2 0.2
Some College 2.1 2.0 8.1 7.7 4.6 5.2 2.2a 1.1 0.1 0.1
College Graduate 0.9 0.8 5.6 4.7 2.2 2.4 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.0
100506
Table 6.42A – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 8,286 8,421 3,248 3,463 3,435 3,450 1,603 1,508
AGE                
18-25 2,377 2,214 1,089 1,005 1,021 929 267 280
26-34 1,918 2,123 805 809 773 914 340 400
35-49 2,507 2,478 1,053 1,119 987 898 467 461
50 or Older 1,484 1,607 301 530 654 709 529 367
GENDER                
Male 5,362 5,448 2,031 2,273 2,236 2,208 1,095 967
Female 2,924 2,973 1,217 1,190 1,199 1,242 508 541
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,008 6,946 2,799 2,912 2,907 2,888 1,302 1,146
White 5,515 5,498 2,415 2,421 2,362 2,358 738 719
Black or African American 1,120 1,108 291 329 424 422 406 357
Other or Two or More Races 372 341 93 162 121 109 158 70
Hispanic or Latino 1,279 1,475 449 551 529 562 301 362
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,398a 1,778 569a 805 597 646 232 327
High School Graduate 2,816 2,603 1,083 1,053 1,107 1,063 626 487
Some College 2,413 2,326 925 972 1,099 1,001 389 353
College Graduate 1,659 1,714 671 633 632 740 357 341
100506
Table 6.42B – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 18 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 3.7 3.7 8.2 8.7 4.7 4.6 1.9 1.8
AGE                
18-25 7.2 6.6 14.9 13.9 8.2 7.2 3.2 3.2
26-34 5.4 5.9 11.2 10.5 6.4 7.4 2.7 3.2
35-49 3.9 3.9 7.1 8.1 4.3 4.0 2.3 2.2
50 or Older 1.6 1.7 2.9 4.9 2.6 2.6 1.3 0.9
GENDER                
Male 4.9 5.0 8.3 9.2 5.6 5.5 3.1 2.8
Female 2.5 2.5 8.0 7.9 3.6 3.6 1.1 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.6 3.5 7.9 8.3 4.5 4.4 1.8 1.6
White 3.6 3.5 8.0 7.9 4.2 4.2 1.3 1.3
Black or African American 4.3 4.2 9.0 12.0 6.5 6.3 3.7 3.0
Other or Two or More Races 2.6 2.4 5.3a 11.0 4.6 3.7 2.7 1.2
Hispanic or Latino 4.2 4.7 10.0 11.9 6.6 6.5 2.6 3.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 4.0a 5.1 9.9a 13.8 6.9 7.1 2.0 3.0
High School Graduate 4.0 3.7 9.9 9.4 4.8 4.6 2.4 1.9
Some College 4.2 4.0 8.4 9.1 5.5 4.9 1.8 1.6
College Graduate 2.7 2.6 5.6 5.2 3.0 3.4 1.4 1.3
100506
Table 6.43A – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Age Group Total AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
21 OR OLDER 7,402 7,659 2,797 3,107 3,042 3,094 995 1,004 568 455
21 to 25 1,494 1,452 639 648 628 573 190 186 36 45
26 or Older 5,909 6,207 2,159 2,458 2,414 2,521 805 817 531 411
26 to 49 4,424 4,600 1,857 1,928 1,760 1,812 577 564 230 297
26 to 34 1,918 2,123 805 809 773 914 265 257 75 143
35 to 49 2,507 2,478 1,053 1,119 987 898 312 307 155 154
50 or Older 1,484 1,607 301 530 654 709 227 253 302 114
100506
Table 6.43B – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year among Persons Aged 21 or Older, by Age First Used Alcohol and Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Age Group Total1 AGE FIRST USED ALCOHOL
14 or Younger 15-17 18-20 21 or Older
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Percentages in the Total column are among all persons aged 21 or older, regardless of whether they ever used alcohol.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
21 OR OLDER 3.5 3.6 7.6 8.4 4.5 4.5 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3
21 to 25 7.6 7.3 14.8 14.8 8.8 8.1 4.4 4.1 1.8 2.1
26 or Older 3.1 3.2 6.7 7.6 4.0 4.1 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.3
26 to 49 4.4 4.6 8.4 8.9 5.0 5.2 3.0 2.8 1.7 2.2
26 to 34 5.4 5.9 11.2 10.5 6.4 7.4 3.6 3.5 1.4 2.7
35 to 49 3.9 3.9 7.1 8.1 4.3 4.0 2.6 2.5 1.9 1.8
50 or Older 1.6 1.7 2.9 4.9 2.6 2.6 1.0 1.0 1.6 0.6
100504
Table 6.44A – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 25,768b 28,521 3,238 3,339 9,087b 10,259 13,443a 14,923
Bought It 11,174a 12,309 1,014a 1,165 3,854b 4,401 6,306 6,742
Traded for It 323 359 39 34 82 109 202 216
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 13,511b 15,158 2,002 1,957 4,921b 5,559 6,588a 7,642
Grew It Yourself 222 329 22 39 71 81 130 209
Method Unspecified 538a 365 160 142 160a 109 218 114
100504
Table 6.44B – Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana among Past Year Marijuana Users, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Method of Obtaining Most Recently Used Marijuana Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Bought It 43.4 43.2 31.3a 34.9 42.4 42.9 46.9 45.2
Traded for It 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.4
Got It Free or Shared Someone Else's 52.4 53.1 61.8 58.6 54.1 54.2 49.0 51.2
Grew It Yourself 0.9 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.4
Method Unspecified 2.1b 1.3 4.9 4.3 1.8b 1.1 1.6 0.8
100504
Table 6.45A – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room) that was not incorporated in an existing category.
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
11,174a 12,309 1,014a 1,165 3,854b 4,401 6,306 6,742
SOURCE                
Friend 8,461a 9,432 779 898 2,930b 3,352 4,752 5,181
Relative or Family Member 535 483 25 24 109 132 401 327
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 1,796 1,958 178 194 679 746 938 1,018
Source Unspecified 382 436 32 49 136 171 214 216
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 704 907 43 68 239 284 421 555
Outside in Public Area2 2,406 2,735 366 434 916 1,045 1,124 1,256
Inside School Building 120b 202 63 88 47 81 11 33
Outside on School Property 98a 181 46 68 47 53 5a 61
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 6,537 6,925 381 380 2,201a 2,479 3,954 4,065
Some Other Place3 184 170 8 15 25 50 150 105
Location Unspecified4 1,126 1,189 107 112 378 409 640 668
100504
Table 6.45B – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Bought Their Most Recently Used Marijuana, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source and Location of Bought Marijuana Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
2 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
3 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room) that was not incorporated in an existing category.
4 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
BOUGHT MOST RECENTLY USED MARIJUANA
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
SOURCE                
Friend 75.7 76.6 76.8 77.1 76.0 76.2 75.4 76.8
Relative or Family Member 4.8 3.9 2.5 2.1 2.8 3.0 6.4 4.8
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 16.1 15.9 17.6 16.7 17.6 16.9 14.9 15.1
Source Unspecified 3.4 3.5 3.1 4.2 3.5 3.9 3.4 3.2
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building1 6.3 7.4 4.3 5.8 6.2 6.5 6.7 8.2
Outside in Public Area2 21.5 22.2 36.1 37.2 23.8 23.7 17.8 18.6
Inside School Building 1.1a 1.6 6.2 7.6 1.2 1.8 0.2 0.5
Outside on School Property 0.9a 1.5 4.5 5.8 1.2 1.2 0.1a 0.9
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 58.5 56.3 37.6 32.6 57.1 56.3 62.7 60.3
Some Other Place3 1.6 1.4 0.8 1.3 0.7 1.1 2.4 1.6
Location Unspecified4 10.1 9.7 10.5 9.6 9.8 9.3 10.2 9.9
100504
Table 6.46A – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source and Location of Free Marijuana1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year or who had missing data for whether they bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 These 2008 estimates differ slightly from corresponding estimates in the 2008 detailed tables because respondents with unknown information on whether marijuana was bought or traded for in the past year were excluded from this table's "source unspecified" category.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room) that was not incorporated in an existing category.
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA2
9,966b 11,439 1,424 1,381 3,471b 3,927 5,072b 6,131
SOURCE                
Friend 8,066b 9,441 1,170 1,139 2,986b 3,403 3,909b 4,899
Relative or Family Member 1,252 1,280 134 127 277 291 840 862
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 502 527 76 83 167 169 259 275
Source Unspecified2 147 191 44 32 41 64 63 95
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building3 255a 398 18 30 102 100 134a 268
Outside in Public Area4 1,380 1,473 382 347 459 487 539 639
Inside School Building 55 84 34 48 21 24 * 12
Outside on School Property 131 121 58 60 37 49 36 12
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 7,113b 8,137 753 719 2,553b 2,977 3,807 4,441
Some Other Place5 173 224 23 25 48 53 103 146
Location Unspecified6 859 1,002 155 153 251 237 453 612
100504
Table 6.46B – Source and Location Where Marijuana Was Obtained among Past Year Marijuana Users Who Obtained for Free Their Most Recently Used Marijuana and Who Had Not Bought or Traded for Marijuana in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source and Location of Free Marijuana1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-17
(2008)
Aged 12-17
(2009)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2009)
Aged 26+
(2008)
Aged 26+
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents who reported that they had bought or traded for marijuana in the past year or who had missing data for whether they bought or traded for marijuana in the past year were excluded from this analysis.
2 These 2008 estimates differ slightly from corresponding estimates in the 2008 detailed tables because respondents with unknown information on whether marijuana was bought or traded for in the past year were excluded from this table's "source unspecified" category.
3 For example, a store, restaurant, sports arena, bar, or club.
4 For example, a parking lot, street, or park.
5 Some Other Place includes respondents who provided a specific location to the other-specify question (e.g., private backyard, prison, hotel room) that was not incorporated in an existing category.
6 Location Unspecified includes respondents with unknown, invalid, or nonspecific responses to the other-specify question (e.g., in a car, at a concert, or at a party where the specific locations were not provided).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL PAST YEAR MARIJUANA USERS WHO
OBTAINED FOR FREE MOST RECENTLY USED
MARIJUANA
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
SOURCE2                
Friend 80.9 82.5 82.2 82.5 86.0 86.7 77.1 79.9
Relative or Family Member 12.6 11.2 9.4 9.2 8.0 7.4 16.6 14.1
Someone Just Met or Did Not Know Well 5.0 4.6 5.4 6.0 4.8 4.3 5.1 4.5
Source Unspecified 1.5 1.7 3.1 2.3 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.6
LOCATION                
Inside Public Building3 2.6 3.5 1.3 2.2 2.9 2.5 2.7 4.4
Outside in Public Area4 13.8 12.9 26.8 25.1 13.2 12.4 10.6 10.4
Inside School Building 0.6 0.7 2.4 3.5 0.6 0.6 * 0.2
Outside on School Property 1.3 1.1 4.1 4.3 1.1 1.2 0.7 0.2
Inside Home, Apartment, or Dorm 71.4 71.1 52.9 52.1 73.6 75.8 75.1 72.4
Some Other Place5 1.7 2.0 1.6 1.8 1.4 1.3 2.0 2.4
Location Unspecified6 8.6 8.8 10.9 11.0 7.2 6.0 8.9 10.0
100510
Table 6.47A – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 2,138 1,969 287 267 514 504 1,337 1,198
From More Than One Doctor 241 220 34 31 54 63 153 125
Wrote Fake Prescription 18 24 2a 6 7 4 9 14
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
40 60 8a 19 9 22 23 19
From Friend or Relative for Free 6,449 6,173 661a 592 2,112 2,048 3,677 3,533
Bought from Friend or Relative 1,047 1,104 124 117 475 519 448 468
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
613 563 150 167 215a 162 249 234
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
460 535 66 49 213 251 181 235
Bought on the Internet 31 49 2 1 7 2 22 46
Some Other Way 463 470 105a 74 135 125 222 271
100510
Table 6.47B – Source Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 18.6 17.6 19.9 20.2 13.7 13.6 21.1 19.5
From More Than One Doctor 2.1 2.0 2.3 2.4 1.5 1.7 2.4 2.0
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.5 0.6a 1.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.3
From Friend or Relative for Free 56.1 55.3 46.0 44.7 56.4 55.4 58.2 57.5
Bought from Friend or Relative 9.1 9.9 8.6 8.9 12.7 14.0 7.1 7.6
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
5.3 5.0 10.4a 12.6 5.7a 4.4 3.9 3.8
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
4.0 4.8 4.6 3.7 5.7 6.8 2.9 3.8
Bought on the Internet 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.7
Some Other Way 4.0 4.2 7.3a 5.6 3.6 3.4 3.5 4.4
100510
Table 6.48A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 4,675 4,399 329 301 1,408 1,317 2,938 2,781
From More Than One Doctor 178 235 26 27 55 68 97 140
Wrote Fake Prescription 8 12 0 0 5 1 3 11
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
34 11 7 3 5 8 22 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 401 339 70 56 157 149 175 134
Bought from Friend or Relative 244 237 35 31 128 120 81 86
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
67 91 37 44 23 26 8 21
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
99 102 22 15 45 59 32 28
Bought on the Internet 2 10 0 1 2 3 * 6
Some Other Way 72 62 27a 15 22 29 23 18
100510
Table 6.48B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Pain Relievers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 80.9 80.0 59.6 61.1 76.2 74.0 86.9 86.2
From More Than One Doctor 3.1 4.3 4.6 5.6 3.0 3.8 2.9 4.3
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.6 0.2 1.2 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.7 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 6.9 6.2 12.7 11.4 8.5 8.4 5.2 4.1
Bought from Friend or Relative 4.2 4.3 6.3 6.3 6.9 6.7 2.4 2.7
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1.2 1.7 6.6 8.8 1.2 1.4 0.2 0.7
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
1.7 1.9 4.0 3.0 2.4 3.3 0.9 0.9
Bought on the Internet 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 * 0.2
Some Other Way 1.2 1.1 4.8 3.0 1.2 1.6 0.7 0.6
100510
Table 6.49A – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 1,245 1,263 138 129 285 269 821 865
From More Than One Doctor 244 238 22 20 65 67 156 152
Wrote Fake Prescription 29 21 3 6 9 3 17 12
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
49 40 8 17 14 10 28 13
From Friend or Relative for Free 2,714 2,737 283a 239 895 901 1,536 1,597
Bought from Friend or Relative 1,013 1,157 116 96 475 469 422a 591
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
485 479 97 109 185 160 203 210
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
507 569 65 64 236 252 205 253
Bought on the Internet 39 49 4 0 11 9 24 40
Some Other Way 285 233 69a 44 80 78 137 111
100510
Table 6.49B – Sources Where Pain Relievers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Pain Reliever Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained pain relievers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 26.2 27.9 24.9 25.7 19.5 19.0 30.0 33.1
From More Than One Doctor 5.1 5.3 4.1 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.7 5.8
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.1 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.5
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
1.0 0.9 1.5 3.3 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.5
From Friend or Relative for Free 57.0 60.3 51.0 47.7 61.2 63.5 56.1 61.0
Bought from Friend or Relative 21.3a 25.5 20.8 19.2 32.5 33.2 15.4b 22.6
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
10.2 10.6 17.4a 21.8 12.7 11.3 7.4 8.0
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
10.7 12.6 11.7 12.7 16.2 17.8 7.5 9.7
Bought on the Internet 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.5
Some Other Way 6.2 5.3 13.0a 9.2 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.3
100510
Table 6.50A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 1,930 1,935 137 125 601 601 1,192 1,209
From More Than One Doctor 233 260 27 25 79 78 127 157
Wrote Fake Prescription 40 33 3 4 7 9 30 20
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
57 28 6 6 12 12 40 10
From Friend or Relative for Free 397 353 55 54 153 137 189 162
Bought from Friend or Relative 310 310 40 41 145 134 126 135
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
99 102 39 28 40 36 20 37
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
164 208 26 26 90 101 48 81
Bought on the Internet 25 14 1 3 14 7 10 4
Some Other Way 61 73 18 16 25 27 18 30
100510
Table 6.50B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Pain Relievers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Pain Relievers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Pain Relievers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained pain relievers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 78.1 78.0 56.8 61.0 74.6 74.0 83.7 82.5
From More Than One Doctor 9.5 10.7 11.4 12.6 9.8 9.7 9.0 10.9
Wrote Fake Prescription 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.9 0.8 1.2 2.2 1.4
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
2.3 1.1 2.4 3.0 1.5 1.5 2.8 0.7
From Friend or Relative for Free 16.2 14.5 23.2 26.7 19.2 17.0 13.4 11.3
Bought from Friend or Relative 12.7 12.7 16.8 20.2 18.0 16.6 8.9 9.4
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
4.1 4.2 16.4 14.1 5.0 4.5 1.4 2.6
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
6.7 8.5 10.8 13.0 11.3 12.5 3.4 5.6
Bought on the Internet 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.7 0.9 0.7 0.3
Some Other Way 2.6 3.1 8.2 8.5 3.2 3.5 1.3 2.1
100510
Table 6.51A – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 483 458 28 28 112 113 343 317
From More Than One Doctor 45 57 4 5 12 18 29 34
Wrote Fake Prescription 15 3 3 2 3 1 9 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
19 12 2 4 8 8 9 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 2,925 2,942 170 188 861 877 1,893 1,877
Bought from Friend or Relative 548a 665 70 69 298 328 180 268
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
240 197 38 43 84 70 118 84
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
307 301 46 41 159 153 102 107
Bought on the Internet 34 71 2 1 8 2 24 67
Some Other Way 158 189 21 15 50 61 87 114
100510
Table 6.51B – Source Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Most Recent Nonmedical Use among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use
among Past Year Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use include (a) past month users who reported a single source of obtainment during the past 30 days, (b) past month users who identified their last source of obtainment after reporting multiple sources of obtainment in the past 30 days, and (c) all other past year users who reported their last source of obtainment in the past year.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Most Recent Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 10.1 9.4 7.2 7.1 7.0 6.9 12.3 11.1
From More Than One Doctor 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.3 0.7 1.1 1.0 1.2
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3 *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.2 0.6 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.3 *
From Friend or Relative for Free 61.3 60.1 44.3 47.2 54.0 53.8 67.8 65.4
Bought from Friend or Relative 11.5 13.6 18.1 17.5 18.7 20.1 6.4 9.3
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
5.0 4.0 10.0 10.9 5.2 4.3 4.2 2.9
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
6.4 6.2 12.0 10.3 10.0 9.4 3.6 3.7
Bought on the Internet 0.7 1.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.9 2.3
Some Other Way 3.3 3.9 5.4 3.8 3.1 3.7 3.1 4.0
100510
Table 6.52A – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 2,044 1,974 60 77 490 505 1,495 1,392
From More Than One Doctor 63a 115 5 9 28 25 30b 81
Wrote Fake Prescription 1 5 * 2 1 1 * 2
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
10 9 * 1 3 5 7 3
From Friend or Relative for Free 234 232 31 25 107 108 95 100
Bought from Friend or Relative 147 123 16 17 69 73 63 33
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
28 27 9 16 12 9 * 2
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
70 44 11 6 25 28 34 10
Bought on the Internet 13 5 0 * 5 3 7 2
Some Other Way 30 26 3 5 12 7 15 14
100510
Table 6.52B – Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Year Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Most Recently Used Tranquilizers from a Friend or Relative for Free in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug include (a) past year users who reported obtaining this drug for their most recent nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug and (b) past month users who reported only obtaining this drug for their past month nonmedical use from a friend or relative for free and then reported a single valid source for where their friend or relative obtained this drug.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's most recent use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 77.5 77.1 44.3 48.3 65.1 66.2 85.3 85.0
From More Than One Doctor 2.4b 4.5 3.5 5.5 3.8 3.2 1.7b 5.0
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.0 0.2 * 1.4 0.1 0.1 * 0.1
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.4 * 0.9 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.2
From Friend or Relative for Free 8.9 9.1 23.2 15.9 14.3 14.1 5.4 6.1
Bought from Friend or Relative 5.6 4.8 11.5 10.9 9.1 9.6 3.6 2.0
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
1.1 1.1 7.0 10.1 1.6 1.1 * 0.1
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
2.7 1.7 8.3 3.6 3.3 3.7 1.9 0.6
Bought on the Internet 0.5 0.2 0.2 * 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.1
Some Other Way 1.1 1.0 2.0 3.4 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.8
100510
Table 6.53A – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 225 235 12 12 58 59 156 163
From More Than One Doctor 25 33 * * 7 8 17 24
Wrote Fake Prescription 14 1 2 1 3 * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
13 5 0 * 4 2 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 955 1,054 52 55 288 287 615 711
Bought from Friend or Relative 254a 359 26 22 144 148 84b 189
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
118 92 14 21 49 35 55 36
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
180 174 19 19 79 78 82 77
Bought on the Internet 26 * 1 2 6a 1 18 *
Some Other Way 68 56 6 6 19 15 43 35
100510
Table 6.53B – Sources Where Tranquilizers Were Obtained for Nonmedical Use in the Past Month among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use
among Past Month Tranquilizer Users1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which they obtained tranquilizers for past month nonmedical use; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data on Source for Past Month Nonmedical Use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 13.8 13.3 10.8 9.8 10.4 10.8 16.1 14.9
From More Than One Doctor 1.5 1.9 * * 1.3 1.4 1.8 2.2
Wrote Fake Prescription 0.9 0.1 1.8 1.0 0.5 * * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.8 0.3 0.1 * 0.8 0.3 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 58.5 59.3 47.4 42.6 51.9 52.5 63.5 64.7
Bought from Friend or Relative 15.5 20.3 23.4 17.5 26.0 27.0 8.7a 17.2
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
7.2 5.2 12.4 16.2 8.7 6.4 5.7 3.3
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
11.0 9.8 17.6 15.1 14.3 14.3 8.4 7.0
Bought on the Internet 1.6 * 1.1 1.6 1.1a 0.1 1.9 *
Some Other Way 4.2 3.2 5.5 5.0 3.5 2.8 4.5 3.2
100510
Table 6.54A – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 648 720 * * 176 171 453 528
From More Than One Doctor 56 77 * * 15 20 * 54
Wrote Fake Prescription * 1 * * * 1 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
3 3 * * 3 1 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 106 118 * * 56 56 39 51
Bought from Friend or Relative 69 71 * * 32 43 31 16
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
18 16 * * 7 3 5 7
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
44 35 * * 19 12 19 20
Bought on the Internet 10 1 * * 3 1 * 0
Some Other Way 6 21 * * 2 6 3 *
100510
Table 6.54B – Sources Where Friend or Relative Obtained Tranquilizers among Past Month Users Aged 12 or Older Who Obtained Tranquilizers Used in the Past Month from a Friend or Relative for Free, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 and 2008-2009
Source Where Friend or Relative
Obtained Tranquilizers1
Total
(2006-2007)
Total
(2008-2009)
Aged 12-17
(2006-2007)
Aged 12-17
(2008-2009)
Aged 18-25
(2006-2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008-2009)
Aged 26+
(2006-2007)
Aged 26+
(2008-2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple sources from which a friend or relative obtained tranquilizers; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
a Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008-2009 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown or invalid data on Source Where Friend or Relative Obtained Drug for respondent's past month use and respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the corresponding other-specify questions were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2009.
From One Doctor 75.2 73.8 * * 69.0 63.5 80.4 79.7
From More Than One Doctor 6.5 7.9 * * 6.0 7.5 * 8.2
Wrote Fake Prescription * 0.1 * * * 0.2 * *
Stole from Doctor's Office, Clinic,
   Hospital, or Pharmacy
0.4 0.3 * * 1.3 0.5 * *
From Friend or Relative for Free 12.4 12.1 * * 22.1 20.9 6.8 7.7
Bought from Friend or Relative 8.0 7.3 * * 12.6 16.0 5.5 2.4
Took from Friend or Relative without
   Asking
2.1 1.6 * * 2.7 1.2 0.9 1.1
Bought from Drug Dealer or Other
   Stranger
5.1 3.6 * * 7.4 4.6 3.3 3.0
Bought on the Internet 1.2 0.1 * * 1.2 0.4 * 0.0
Some Other Way 0.8 2.2 * * 0.9 2.1 0.5 *

Go to Top of PageGo to the Table of Contents

This is the page footer.

This page was last updated on .