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90331
Table 8.1C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 963 909 969 940 897 971 928
Marijuana and Hashish 912 868 912 925 908 963 917
Cocaine 583 565 636 595 654 659 668
Crack 306 264 280 292 329 339 322
Heroin 223 205 193 226 238 239 224
Hallucinogens 602 589 618 608 644 638 648
LSD 514 494 506 521 520 548 548
PCP 284 271 298 289 294 297 338
Ecstasy 297 285 329 335 355 346 344
Inhalants 474 441 480 460 471 503 488
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 743 653 736 719 700 696 760
Pain Relievers 569 517 564 562 539 562 597
OxyContin® 116 140 134 142 167 180 187
Tranquilizers 497 435 490 480 478 468 505
Stimulants3 515 475 498 491 506 471 546
Methamphetamine3 417 403 401 375 412 367 400
Sedatives 370 325 403 347 352 360 401
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 815 756 827 835 807 855 856
90331
Table 8.1D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.41 0.38 0.40 0.39 0.36 0.39 0.37
Marijuana and Hashish 0.39 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.39 0.37
Cocaine 0.25 0.24 0.26 0.24 0.27 0.27 0.27
Crack 0.13 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.13
Heroin 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.09
Hallucinogens 0.26 0.25 0.26 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26
LSD 0.22 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.22 0.22
PCP 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.14
Ecstasy 0.13 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
Inhalants 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.20
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.32 0.27 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.28 0.30
Pain Relievers 0.24 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.22 0.23 0.24
OxyContin® 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.08
Tranquilizers 0.21 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.20
Stimulants3 0.22 0.20 0.21 0.20 0.21 0.19 0.22
Methamphetamine3 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.17 0.15 0.16
Sedatives 0.16 0.14 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.16
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.35 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.33 0.35 0.34
90331
Table 8.1P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0942 0.2624 0.0280 0.0974 0.0035 0.1099  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2505 0.5058 0.1522 0.0916 0.0165 0.4107  
Cocaine 0.4123 0.9105 0.1672 0.0162 0.3196 0.5181  
Crack 0.2930 0.8320 0.4876 0.4914 0.5988 0.6557  
Heroin 0.7378 0.6341 0.0831 0.6279 0.8632 0.9441  
Hallucinogens 0.5891 0.8640 0.7399 0.1497 0.8839 0.0901  
LSD 0.0013 0.0050 0.3195 0.5134 0.8369 0.3404  
PCP 0.0059 0.0584 0.3926 0.7400 0.8423 0.3260  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.0014 0.0050 0.0226 0.3470 0.3898  
Inhalants 0.0040 0.0050 0.0442 0.1201 0.1544 0.5790  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3527 0.6481 0.3977 0.3207 0.8371 0.2716  
Pain Relievers 0.0001 0.0108 0.0261 0.1248 0.2799 0.0606  
OxyContin® 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0064 0.0855  
Tranquilizers 0.1685 0.7425 0.2326 0.8514 0.8270 0.1068  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0001 0.0096 0.6376 0.0339 0.3947  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.4674 0.0017 0.2996  
Sedatives 0.0025 0.0346 0.0166 0.5213 0.8895 0.4258  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.4665 0.4859 0.0721 0.1362 0.2076 0.2216  
90331
Table 8.2C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 588 558 535 550 566 596 554
Marijuana and Hashish 471 455 451 473 477 492 474
Cocaine 222 229 205 205 230 242 207
Crack 124 124 117 114 135 123 94
Heroin 55 48 56 43 86 53 59
Hallucinogens 151 147 153 146 149 140 129
LSD 63 44 47 48 56 55 49
PCP 25 24 28 21 38 18 14
Ecstasy 126 105 112 114 105 108 96
Inhalants 95 83 90 95 107 106 115
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 379 358 352 346 360 380 353
Pain Relievers 300 299 300 304 306 316 296
OxyContin® -- -- 74 81 93 96 88
Tranquilizers 225 195 208 207 196 221 200
Stimulants3 154 136 157 134 180 152 123
Methamphetamine3 116 100 128 99 137 115 75
Sedatives 116 85 72 74 99 93 61
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 432 420 410 398 418 449 408
90331
Table 8.2D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.25 0.23 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.22
Marijuana and Hashish 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.19
Cocaine 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.08
Crack 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
LSD 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Ecstasy 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
Inhalants 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14
Pain Relievers 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.12
OxyContin® -- -- 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08
Stimulants3 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.03
Sedatives 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.16
90331
Table 8.2P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0315 0.1205 0.4243 0.5545 0.3061 0.5763  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0210 0.2655 0.3172 0.6647 1.0000 0.4709  
Cocaine 0.0013 0.0027 0.0366 0.1414 0.0041 0.0964  
Crack 0.0009 0.0221 0.1100 0.0391 0.0189 0.0213  
Heroin 0.7669 0.1121 0.6279 0.3788 0.2704 0.2682  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0227 0.0872 0.2390 0.0904 0.5367  
LSD 0.0019 0.0015 0.0069 0.0016 0.0991 0.0147  
PCP 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0075 0.0291 0.0838  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.5455 0.3189 0.4138 0.8670 0.9440  
Inhalants 0.2752 0.3520 0.0463 0.1689 0.1859 0.7412  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3028 0.1353 0.6134 0.2209 0.0014 0.0180  
Pain Relievers 0.6328 0.3776 0.6507 0.5482 0.0215 0.1199  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0895 0.1025 0.3859 0.8455  
Tranquilizers 0.8759 0.4710 0.5842 0.3151 0.9041 0.4582  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0038 0.0003 0.0036 0.0000 0.0550  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0003  
Sedatives 0.0023 0.0195 0.1319 0.1181 0.0064 0.0253  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0055 0.0247 0.4672 0.2319 0.0058 0.0297  
90331
Table 8.3C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 388 404 415 432 426 445 427
Marijuana and Hashish 320 327 360 360 356 360 377
Cocaine 128 147 119 142 153 149 131
Crack 68 91 66 87 101 80 55
Heroin 42 28 37 19 77 36 40
Hallucinogens 80 72 58 83 70 74 68
LSD 18 18 26 16 24 33 19
PCP 15 13 17 13 9 12 8
Ecstasy 64 55 47 44 51 56 52
Inhalants 64 45 64 57 73 67 71
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 230 256 212 232 243 251 226
Pain Relievers 186 207 170 194 216 215 196
OxyContin® -- -- 36 38 35 53 58
Tranquilizers 136 118 103 118 116 129 119
Stimulants3 94 102 99 81 105 94 75
Methamphetamine3 78 81 76 62 79 80 53
Sedatives 64 55 48 47 69 68 37
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 276 289 255 279 284 307 262
90331
Table 8.3D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.17
Marijuana and Hashish 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.15
Cocaine 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
Crack 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00
Ecstasy 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.09
Pain Relievers 0.08 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.08
OxyContin® -- -- 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02
Tranquilizers 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Stimulants3 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03
Methamphetamine3 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.02
Sedatives 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.10
90331
Table 8.3P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.2647 0.5211 0.6584 0.7716 0.3208 0.9192  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.5660 0.7203 0.9052 0.7314 0.7556 0.2151  
Cocaine 0.1237 0.0075 0.1748 0.0020 0.0034 0.2298  
Crack 0.0074 0.0129 0.1546 0.0019 0.0026 0.0081  
Heroin 0.5434 0.0753 0.4685 0.0916 0.1351 0.2733  
Hallucinogens 0.0538 0.7313 0.2980 0.6010 0.6994 0.5712  
LSD 0.1914 0.6033 0.8091 0.0716 0.4730 0.8265  
PCP 0.0412 0.0267 0.1717 0.1102 0.5871 0.2432  
Ecstasy 0.0569 0.4270 0.2169 0.5661 0.7982 0.5275  
Inhalants 0.7285 0.6297 0.8205 0.8920 0.1841 0.8406  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1723 0.1141 0.6993 0.1701 0.0030 0.0300  
Pain Relievers 0.7306 0.5264 0.5134 0.8910 0.0577 0.1032  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1574 0.1900 0.0265 0.4170  
Tranquilizers 0.5325 0.4742 0.4482 0.6921 0.9659 0.7753  
Stimulants3 0.0001 0.0003 0.0003 0.0038 0.0001 0.1977  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0227  
Sedatives 0.0030 0.2648 0.4992 0.4478 0.0454 0.1372  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0536 0.0669 0.9973 0.1003 0.0018 0.0502  
90331
Table 8.4C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 104 107 96 100 104 102 97
Marijuana and Hashish 88 91 87 85 87 88 82
Cocaine 36 36 33 34 32 32 32
Crack 17 17 14 14 15 13 12
Heroin 14 11 12 10 11 10 13
Hallucinogens 49 48 45 44 42 41 41
LSD 34 26 24 23 21 18 21
PCP 20 20 18 19 16 13 12
Ecstasy 40 32 31 26 28 30 33
Inhalants 67 68 67 67 65 68 64
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 75 76 70 72 75 74 69
Pain Relievers 69 70 67 65 68 69 65
OxyContin® 21 20 24 21 24 25 22
Tranquilizers 38 40 36 38 36 37 35
Stimulants3 46 41 38 41 42 34 38
Methamphetamine3 29 24 25 26 27 19 22
Sedatives 22 22 23 22 19 20 18
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 89 97 84 87 87 92 82
90331
Table 8.4D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.42 0.43 0.38 0.39 0.41 0.41 0.39
Marijuana and Hashish 0.36 0.37 0.34 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.33
Cocaine 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13
Crack 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.05
Heroin 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
Hallucinogens 0.20 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.16
LSD 0.14 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.08
PCP 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.05 0.05
Ecstasy 0.16 0.13 0.12 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13
Inhalants 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.26
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.30 0.30 0.28 0.28 0.30 0.29 0.28
Pain Relievers 0.28 0.28 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.26
OxyContin® 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.09
Tranquilizers 0.16 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.14
Stimulants3 0.19 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.13 0.15
Methamphetamine3 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.07 0.09
Sedatives 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.07
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.36 0.39 0.33 0.34 0.34 0.36 0.33
90331
Table 8.4P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0069 0.0133 0.9423  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0627 0.0899 0.4925  
Cocaine 0.0000 0.0003 0.0040 0.0295 0.0479 0.1614  
Crack 0.0001 0.0002 0.0163 0.1474 0.0169 0.1445  
Heroin 0.1551 0.4857 0.5986 0.5683 0.5979 0.3608  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0000 0.0043 0.9097 0.9075 0.0985  
LSD 0.0000 0.0001 0.1923 0.6405 0.0617 0.0089  
PCP 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 0.0008 0.2469 0.9603  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.1282 0.7407 0.0009 0.1097 0.0309  
Inhalants 0.0008 0.0002 0.0000 0.0011 0.0234 0.3897  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0459 0.0007 0.1786  
Pain Relievers 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.1644 0.0074 0.4479  
OxyContin® 0.0002 0.0033 0.2171 0.0238 0.8701 0.6709  
Tranquilizers 0.0202 0.0041 0.0783 0.4998 0.8774 0.6903  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0013 0.0000 0.3054  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.0001 0.3884  
Sedatives 0.2078 0.1127 0.1187 0.3913 0.5418 0.7692  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0017 0.0019 0.4874  
90331
Table 8.5C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 95 91 87 88 94 88 86
Marijuana and Hashish 79 79 77 75 78 75 72
Cocaine 32 28 27 28 28 27 24
Crack 14 13 10 10 12 11 7
Heroin 11 8 10 8 8 6 11
Hallucinogens 40 37 36 36 34 34 35
LSD 25 15 17 17 14 15 18
PCP 13 12 12 14 11 9 10
Ecstasy 32 23 23 21 23 26 27
Inhalants 44 48 45 47 45 43 44
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 64 64 59 61 62 63 58
Pain Relievers 59 59 56 56 56 59 54
OxyContin® -- -- 18 18 18 19 17
Tranquilizers 34 33 29 29 30 31 29
Stimulants3 35 30 28 31 33 27 28
Methamphetamine3 22 17 17 20 21 14 14
Sedatives 16 16 15 16 13 15 14
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 76 79 71 71 73 73 69
90331
Table 8.5D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.38 0.36 0.34 0.35 0.37 0.35 0.35
Marijuana and Hashish 0.32 0.31 0.31 0.30 0.31 0.30 0.29
Cocaine 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.10
Crack 0.06 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.03
Heroin 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.05
Hallucinogens 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.14
LSD 0.10 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.07
PCP 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04
Ecstasy 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.11
Inhalants 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.18
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.26 0.26 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.23
Pain Relievers 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.23 0.22
OxyContin® -- -- 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Tranquilizers 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.12
Stimulants3 0.14 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.11 0.11
Methamphetamine3 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.06 0.06
Sedatives 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.31 0.32 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.28
90331
Table 8.5P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0673 0.2488 0.5857  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004 0.4037 0.6644 0.1955  
Cocaine 0.0000 0.0004 0.0059 0.0027 0.0064 0.0431  
Crack 0.0000 0.0000 0.0217 0.1094 0.0054 0.0216  
Heroin 0.5664 0.6690 0.7342 0.6566 0.6683 0.1158  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0966 0.2822 0.4660 0.2667 0.1395  
LSD 0.0000 0.1386 0.2576 0.1440 0.0004 0.0097  
PCP 0.0025 0.0715 0.5193 0.1978 0.8040 0.5972  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.4810 0.1820 0.0030 0.1300 0.4337  
Inhalants 0.0919 0.0364 0.0054 0.0234 0.0899 0.9722  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0711 0.0076 0.2702  
Pain Relievers 0.0007 0.0002 0.0026 0.1857 0.0240 0.5232  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1954 0.1073 0.2363 0.8199  
Tranquilizers 0.0484 0.0205 0.2891 0.8878 0.8373 0.6764  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0013 0.0032 0.0003 0.3447  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0001 0.0003 0.0008 0.0006 0.2701  
Sedatives 0.2256 0.4021 0.3519 0.8550 0.7894 0.8871  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0229 0.0199 0.8078  
90331
Table 8.6C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 71 67 67 64 67 68 61
Marijuana and Hashish 58 60 57 56 54 56 54
Cocaine 18 16 15 16 13 13 13
Crack 9 8 5 7 4 5 3
Heroin 5 6 5 5 5 2 6
Hallucinogens 20 20 19 19 17 17 20
LSD 12 10 8 8 7 8 10
PCP 6 6 5 6 5 5 4
Ecstasy 16 12 13 11 11 11 14
Inhalants 22 25 26 23 26 26 24
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 43 42 40 37 40 40 33
Pain Relievers 39 39 36 33 36 36 29
OxyContin® -- -- 10 7 6 8 8
Tranquilizers 18 22 15 17 15 19 16
Stimulants3 22 19 19 18 17 14 14
Methamphetamine3 14 11 12 13 10 8 6
Sedatives 9 10 6 6 8 9 8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52 48 49 44 48 49 42
90331
Table 8.6D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.29 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.24
Marijuana and Hashish 0.24 0.24 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.22 0.22
Cocaine 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05
Crack 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.01
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08
LSD 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04
PCP 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Ecstasy 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.06
Inhalants 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.10
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.13
Pain Relievers 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.12
OxyContin® -- -- 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.07 0.09 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.07
Stimulants3 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06
Methamphetamine3 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.02
Sedatives 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.17 0.19 0.19 0.17
90331
Table 8.6P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0575 0.1569 0.4228  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0002 0.0035 0.5716 0.9917 0.9388  
Cocaine 0.0299 0.0066 0.1765 0.0388 0.5703 0.7870  
Crack 0.0345 0.0018 0.1346 0.0210 0.3051 0.1139  
Heroin 0.7890 0.6271 0.8582 0.8910 0.7835 0.1232  
Hallucinogens 0.6102 0.5630 0.2163 0.1340 0.0148 0.0072  
LSD 0.5040 0.9824 0.3179 0.1423 0.1078 0.0965  
PCP 0.1903 0.3595 0.6638 0.6713 0.7120 0.4357  
Ecstasy 0.3716 0.4464 0.1290 0.0679 0.1837 0.0222  
Inhalants 0.2905 0.1487 0.2614 0.2474 0.0592 0.5185  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0195 0.0241 0.0325  
Pain Relievers 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0138 0.0184 0.0384  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2410 0.1422 0.0301 0.7692  
Tranquilizers 0.1081 0.0052 0.6649 0.7273 0.2260 0.2126  
Stimulants3 0.0002 0.0000 0.0058 0.0157 0.0156 0.5067  
Methamphetamine3 0.0066 0.0009 0.0281 0.0036 0.0450 0.6163  
Sedatives 0.2818 0.3425 0.3822 0.4067 0.4387 0.9381  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0006 0.0180 0.0312 0.2342  
90331
Table 8.7C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 156 155 165 161 166 161 153
Marijuana and Hashish 157 157 176 168 175 166 157
Cocaine 114 107 109 115 116 116 111
Crack 51 54 50 54 55 49 47
Heroin 35 37 36 36 38 34 32
Hallucinogens 140 134 130 132 140 130 116
LSD 115 108 98 96 89 78 72
PCP 45 49 42 41 38 35 36
Ecstasy 112 109 108 113 112 111 99
Inhalants 111 104 111 102 101 95 91
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 135 136 143 143 153 145 140
Pain Relievers 119 130 129 131 144 135 136
OxyContin® 40 56 54 64 65 62 67
Tranquilizers 94 98 98 107 111 104 101
Stimulants3 93 101 104 97 104 98 90
Methamphetamine3 71 76 72 77 79 71 63
Sedatives 39 37 40 40 38 40 37
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 157 151 157 154 165 158 154
90331
Table 8.7D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.50 0.49 0.51 0.49 0.51 0.49 0.46
Marijuana and Hashish 0.51 0.50 0.55 0.52 0.53 0.51 0.48
Cocaine 0.37 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.34
Crack 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.14
Heroin 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.10 0.10
Hallucinogens 0.45 0.42 0.40 0.41 0.43 0.40 0.35
LSD 0.37 0.34 0.31 0.30 0.27 0.24 0.22
PCP 0.15 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11
Ecstasy 0.36 0.34 0.34 0.35 0.34 0.34 0.30
Inhalants 0.36 0.33 0.34 0.31 0.31 0.29 0.27
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.44 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.47 0.44 0.42
Pain Relievers 0.39 0.41 0.40 0.40 0.44 0.41 0.41
OxyContin® 0.13 0.18 0.17 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.20
Tranquilizers 0.30 0.31 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.32 0.31
Stimulants3 0.30 0.32 0.32 0.30 0.32 0.30 0.27
Methamphetamine3 0.23 0.24 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.19
Sedatives 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.11
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.51 0.47 0.49 0.48 0.50 0.48 0.47
90331
Table 8.7P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0002 0.0005 0.2050  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0000 0.0011 0.0033 0.0046 0.5444  
Cocaine 0.0322 0.1876 0.0800 0.1295 0.0065 0.1580  
Crack 0.0000 0.0000 0.0003 0.0003 0.0001 0.2352  
Heroin 0.2127 0.1110 0.0813 0.3242 0.2458 0.3906  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0028  
LSD 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0196  
PCP 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0149 0.5579  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0004 0.0047 0.1093  
Inhalants 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0182  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1259 0.6494 0.4340 0.0123 0.0179 0.2526  
Pain Relievers 0.0000 0.2067 0.8020 0.0583 0.0754 0.4652  
OxyContin® 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.2918 0.5969 0.8307  
Tranquilizers 0.0153 0.9223 0.8677 0.0099 0.0671 0.3136  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0000 0.0005 0.2982  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010  
Sedatives 0.0011 0.1343 0.0139 0.0061 0.0465 0.1378  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0093  
90331
Table 8.8C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 143 153 154 152 156 156 152
Marijuana and Hashish 135 146 152 145 149 150 148
Cocaine 74 72 80 74 80 78 69
Crack 23 23 24 29 27 24 22
Heroin 17 14 15 21 18 20 18
Hallucinogens 81 77 72 74 79 77 74
LSD 44 30 27 30 32 30 36
PCP 14 19 17 11 14 11 8
Ecstasy 67 50 48 52 61 58 59
Inhalants 41 39 41 42 40 38 36
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 97 104 110 109 118 110 111
Pain Relievers 86 97 94 98 102 97 100
OxyContin® -- -- 35 37 39 36 37
Tranquilizers 57 66 66 68 74 69 69
Stimulants3 57 56 66 58 61 61 54
Methamphetamine3 41 39 41 41 38 35 26
Sedatives 18 18 18 22 22 21 22
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 116 127 126 121 129 125 122
90331
Table 8.8D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.47 0.48 0.48 0.46
Marijuana and Hashish 0.43 0.46 0.47 0.45 0.46 0.46 0.45
Cocaine 0.24 0.23 0.25 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.21
Crack 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.07
Heroin 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06
Hallucinogens 0.26 0.24 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.23
LSD 0.14 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.11
PCP 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.02
Ecstasy 0.22 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.19 0.18 0.18
Inhalants 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.11
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.31 0.33 0.34 0.33 0.36 0.34 0.34
Pain Relievers 0.28 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.30 0.30
OxyContin® -- -- 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.11
Tranquilizers 0.18 0.21 0.20 0.21 0.23 0.21 0.21
Stimulants3 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.16
Methamphetamine3 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.08
Sedatives 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.07
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.37 0.40 0.39 0.37 0.39 0.38 0.37
90331
Table 8.8P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0022 0.0890 0.5100 0.2407 0.1481 0.6771  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0005 0.1533 0.7006 0.4652 0.4999 0.8202  
Cocaine 0.0002 0.0005 0.0007 0.0000 0.0000 0.0074  
Crack 0.0389 0.0304 0.0977 0.0013 0.0220 0.2640  
Heroin 0.5272 0.0494 0.3193 0.5786 0.9316 0.9298  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.4438 0.2535 0.7937 0.6257 0.6516  
LSD 0.1517 0.0011 0.0001 0.0002 0.0133 0.0068  
PCP 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0392 0.0030 0.0427  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.3223 0.0006 0.0008 0.5764 0.1332  
Inhalants 0.0005 0.0046 0.0045 0.0030 0.3679 0.9464  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3531 0.7271 0.7498 0.4624 0.0722 0.6222  
Pain Relievers 0.1759 0.9631 0.8931 0.2945 0.2838 0.6945  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.6645 0.5418 0.7199 0.5921  
Tranquilizers 0.0950 0.9182 0.5372 0.4993 0.6954 0.6325  
Stimulants3 0.0154 0.0996 0.0227 0.0626 0.0006 0.7232  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0016  
Sedatives 0.9213 0.6666 0.7598 0.5506 0.7316 0.9429  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0117 0.1231 0.5116 0.0616 0.0099 0.2867  
90331
Table 8.9C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 116 128 130 130 122 127 127
Marijuana and Hashish 110 116 119 121 115 120 121
Cocaine 37 42 43 47 41 38 39
Crack 9 13 13 16 13 11 11
Heroin 10 7 9 10 12 11 14
Hallucinogens 38 37 33 36 43 35 39
LSD 8 13 14 12 12 12 15
PCP 6 10 5 5 6 6 3
Ecstasy 31 23 23 26 34 24 31
Inhalants 18 19 18 21 17 19 18
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 60 71 69 72 76 69 70
Pain Relievers 51 61 60 61 65 60 61
OxyContin® -- -- 19 19 17 18 16
Tranquilizers 35 36 38 40 43 39 40
Stimulants3 31 30 34 37 34 31 29
Methamphetamine3 21 21 24 27 20 18 14
Sedatives 9 11 10 15 13 13 15
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 75 82 82 87 89 82 81
90331
Table 8.9D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.37 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.37 0.39 0.38
Marijuana and Hashish 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.35 0.37 0.37
Cocaine 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.12 0.12 0.12
Crack 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.03
Heroin 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.11 0.13 0.11 0.12
LSD 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
PCP 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01
Ecstasy 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.09
Inhalants 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.19 0.22 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.21 0.21
Pain Relievers 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.18 0.18
OxyContin® -- -- 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05
Tranquilizers 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.12
Stimulants3 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.09
Methamphetamine3 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.04
Sedatives 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.25
90331
Table 8.9P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.2937 0.2413 0.6550 0.3583 0.7491 0.8154  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0953 0.2947 0.5215 0.8328 0.6709 0.9346  
Cocaine 0.0033 0.0002 0.0007 0.0000 0.0001 0.1919  
Crack 0.8276 0.8094 0.0841 0.0067 0.2467 0.7795  
Heroin 0.0646 0.0023 0.0724 0.4009 0.2890 0.1532  
Hallucinogens 0.1757 0.7663 0.2361 0.4546 0.7663 0.1693  
LSD 0.0007 0.1861 0.5627 0.0613 0.0435 0.1726  
PCP 0.1030 0.0168 0.0486 0.2606 0.1690 0.1142  
Ecstasy 0.1035 0.0924 0.0859 0.4210 0.5978 0.0524  
Inhalants 0.0339 0.1883 0.0922 0.1086 0.2529 0.3175  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1392 0.6115 0.4184 0.1934 0.0885 0.8513  
Pain Relievers 0.0471 0.6424 0.6631 0.5225 0.1614 0.7636  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5454 0.4498 0.6626 0.2671  
Tranquilizers 0.3445 0.6611 0.8654 0.4266 0.1696 0.9288  
Stimulants3 0.0465 0.0609 0.0016 0.0055 0.0154 0.8662  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0608  
Sedatives 0.4930 0.8441 0.4229 0.5993 0.6257 0.6867  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.8214 0.1230 0.4215 0.0127 0.0061 0.5114  
90331
Table 8.10C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 935 874 928 903 853 933 898
Marijuana and Hashish 888 831 875 887 862 919 887
Cocaine 574 552 621 580 634 654 657
Crack 303 257 274 283 321 336 317
Heroin 220 201 188 223 235 236 221
Hallucinogens 572 549 583 573 613 614 632
LSD 496 469 494 499 508 539 542
PCP 282 262 292 284 289 293 337
Ecstasy 247 255 286 294 322 317 319
Inhalants 457 407 448 436 445 487 467
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 715 629 706 693 663 659 732
Pain Relievers 539 477 529 527 496 524 568
OxyContin® 103 125 120 120 151 164 172
Tranquilizers 481 414 471 460 452 452 483
Stimulants3 495 456 480 474 480 458 537
Methamphetamine3 402 392 394 361 396 359 397
Sedatives 366 316 396 344 346 356 395
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 789 728 788 797 770 827 828
90331
Table 8.10D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.52 0.48 0.51 0.49 0.45 0.49 0.47
Marijuana and Hashish 0.50 0.46 0.48 0.48 0.46 0.48 0.46
Cocaine 0.32 0.30 0.34 0.31 0.34 0.34 0.34
Crack 0.17 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.18 0.17
Heroin 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12
Hallucinogens 0.32 0.30 0.32 0.31 0.33 0.32 0.33
LSD 0.28 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.28 0.28
PCP 0.16 0.14 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.18
Ecstasy 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17
Inhalants 0.25 0.22 0.24 0.24 0.24 0.26 0.24
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.40 0.35 0.39 0.37 0.35 0.35 0.38
Pain Relievers 0.30 0.26 0.29 0.28 0.26 0.28 0.30
OxyContin® 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.09 0.09
Tranquilizers 0.27 0.23 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.24 0.25
Stimulants3 0.28 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.28
Methamphetamine3 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.19 0.21 0.19 0.21
Sedatives 0.20 0.17 0.22 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.21
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.44 0.40 0.43 0.43 0.41 0.44 0.43
90331
Table 8.10P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0013 0.0042 0.0004 0.0112 0.0001 0.0740  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0092 0.0429 0.0165 0.0231 0.0022 0.4319  
Cocaine 0.2146 0.7441 0.0976 0.0077 0.1448 0.3829  
Crack 0.8393 0.2708 0.1888 0.2044 0.9061 0.7978  
Heroin 0.8987 0.8016 0.0425 0.5823 0.9482 0.9863  
Hallucinogens 0.0239 0.0315 0.0761 0.0091 0.3391 0.0332  
LSD 0.2439 0.6220 0.1752 0.0221 0.5196 0.2652  
PCP 0.0837 0.4900 0.7953 0.8097 0.9351 0.3078  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0731 0.2336  
Inhalants 0.9127 0.9890 0.6705 0.7226 0.9660 0.9904  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.2287 0.2703 0.1187 0.0970 0.3245 0.1460  
Pain Relievers 0.0001 0.0025 0.0028 0.0233 0.0497 0.0251  
OxyContin® 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0060 0.0618  
Tranquilizers 0.3125 0.6064 0.2058 0.7297 0.9050 0.0631  
Stimulants3 0.0002 0.0036 0.0845 0.5810 0.2115 0.5195  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0044 0.5338 0.0410 0.6323  
Sedatives 0.0057 0.0423 0.0260 0.6837 0.9855 0.3503  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0205 0.0153 0.0012 0.0100 0.0177 0.0776  
90331
Table 8.11C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 514 489 473 493 493 528 497
Marijuana and Hashish 407 387 395 418 409 417 421
Cocaine 200 207 180 180 210 222 192
Crack 121 120 112 109 132 120 91
Heroin 52 45 52 36 83 49 54
Hallucinogens 109 109 132 112 113 105 95
LSD 35 28 29 31 43 42 28
PCP 16 6 18 10 34 11 *
Ecstasy 93 86 97 98 81 85 69
Inhalants 66 54 69 65 86 88 101
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 345 335 313 315 323 345 311
Pain Relievers 275 275 265 274 272 289 260
OxyContin® -- -- 61 69 82 85 79
Tranquilizers 210 175 189 189 180 207 183
Stimulants3 129 115 136 114 163 129 104
Methamphetamine3 99 91 116 89 131 102 69
Sedatives 113 81 69 69 94 88 54
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 384 375 364 354 366 406 364
90331
Table 8.11D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.29 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26 0.28 0.26
Marijuana and Hashish 0.23 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.22 0.22 0.22
Cocaine 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.10
Crack 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.05
Heroin 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
LSD 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
Inhalants 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.19 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.18 0.16
Pain Relievers 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.14
OxyContin® -- -- 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.10
Stimulants3 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.07 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.04
Sedatives 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.21 0.19
90331
Table 8.11P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.8170 0.9052 0.6870 0.7540 0.7739 0.4557  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9263 0.6787 0.9841 0.8628 0.6122 0.5609  
Cocaine 0.1544 0.1258 0.6179 0.5006 0.2450 0.5460  
Crack 0.0098 0.1300 0.2692 0.2338 0.0915 0.0513  
Heroin 0.8094 0.3093 0.7672 0.2520 0.2367 0.3726  
Hallucinogens 0.0084 0.1250 0.0324 0.0931 0.0437 0.1196  
LSD 0.5908 0.3524 0.8571 0.6165 0.1799 0.9017  
PCP * * * * * *  
Ecstasy 0.0011 0.1498 0.2680 0.0606 0.3331 0.1546  
Inhalants 0.1182 0.0551 0.4078 0.1564 0.9605 0.8117  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.6211 0.4619 0.6710 0.5841 0.0237 0.0251  
Pain Relievers 0.3579 0.9534 0.1799 0.8400 0.1250 0.1572  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1180 0.1899 0.5260 0.9528  
Tranquilizers 0.7255 0.7367 0.5730 0.4596 0.9580 0.3783  
Stimulants3 0.0123 0.2624 0.0285 0.1403 0.0002 0.0653  
Methamphetamine3 0.0002 0.0012 0.0000 0.0006 0.0000 0.0054  
Sedatives 0.0030 0.0167 0.1507 0.1695 0.0049 0.0143  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.2322 0.4274 0.6633 0.9613 0.1163 0.0494  
90331
Table 8.12C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 353 363 366 395 376 394 393
Marijuana and Hashish 279 284 312 323 310 308 341
Cocaine 119 137 110 129 147 143 122
Crack 66 90 64 85 101 78 54
Heroin 40 26 35 15 76 34 37
Hallucinogens 67 54 44 73 51 63 53
LSD 11 8 13 7 20 30 *
PCP 13 * 15 10 * 10 *
Ecstasy 53 46 37 34 36 49 38
Inhalants 56 32 55 48 64 58 65
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 216 243 190 218 221 237 205
Pain Relievers 172 193 152 179 198 199 178
OxyContin® -- -- 28 31 30 50 56
Tranquilizers 127 112 91 109 105 124 108
Stimulants3 85 93 87 69 97 86 66
Methamphetamine3 71 77 67 56 77 76 49
Sedatives 63 53 47 44 67 67 32
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 259 274 226 257 256 288 242
90331
Table 8.12D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.20 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.20 0.21 0.20
Marijuana and Hashish 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.18
Cocaine 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.06
Crack 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.03
Heroin 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.04 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.02 *
PCP 0.01 * 0.01 0.01 * 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.12 0.13 0.10 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.11
Pain Relievers 0.10 0.11 0.08 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.09
OxyContin® -- -- 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.06
Stimulants3 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.03
Methamphetamine3 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03
Sedatives 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.14 0.15 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.13
90331
Table 8.12P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.7168 0.4027 0.2327 0.6416 0.5408 0.7215  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.3433 0.3680 0.5441 0.4661 0.7489 0.1599  
Cocaine 0.6510 0.1587 0.9471 0.2270 0.0619 0.3847  
Crack 0.0122 0.0238 0.3046 0.0115 0.0046 0.0104  
Heroin 0.9777 0.3311 0.8174 0.1262 0.0831 0.6560  
Hallucinogens 0.2271 0.8298 0.8184 0.1787 0.9826 0.3292  
LSD * * * * * *  
PCP * * * * * *  
Ecstasy 0.3394 0.8491 0.9618 0.6945 0.6652 0.3003  
Inhalants 0.4155 0.0486 0.3704 0.1767 0.7480 0.3944  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.3568 0.5926 0.4912 0.5877 0.0298 0.0594  
Pain Relievers 0.4480 0.6424 0.0751 0.5437 0.2725 0.1992  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0349 0.1299 0.0254 0.2411  
Tranquilizers 0.4623 0.6946 0.3038 0.9656 0.6679 0.9379  
Stimulants3 0.0104 0.0215 0.0326 0.2004 0.0055 0.2199  
Methamphetamine3 0.0066 0.0038 0.0060 0.0844 0.0014 0.0602  
Sedatives 0.0022 0.3055 0.2717 0.4464 0.0384 0.1472  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.3385 0.6560 0.2632 0.6903 0.0534 0.0999  
90331
Table 8.13C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 963 902 965 937 894 964 925
Marijuana and Hashish 915 865 918 924 902 951 914
Cocaine 584 564 635 597 655 659 670
Crack 307 263 280 293 328 339 322
Heroin 222 204 193 227 238 239 223
Hallucinogens 599 584 613 608 642 636 645
LSD 513 494 504 521 520 548 548
PCP 281 270 297 288 294 297 338
Ecstasy 296 281 326 334 354 344 342
Inhalants 472 435 471 456 466 496 482
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 737 648 731 721 695 691 756
Pain Relievers 565 510 559 560 532 557 593
OxyContin® 114 140 133 139 164 177 187
Tranquilizers 493 433 484 478 476 466 502
Stimulants3 508 472 497 492 501 470 545
Methamphetamine3 414 403 400 375 411 366 401
Sedatives 370 322 399 346 351 359 400
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 813 748 820 831 804 854 855
90331
Table 8.13D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.46 0.42 0.45 0.43 0.41 0.43 0.41
Marijuana and Hashish 0.44 0.41 0.43 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.41
Cocaine 0.28 0.27 0.30 0.27 0.30 0.30 0.30
Crack 0.15 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.14
Heroin 0.11 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.10
Hallucinogens 0.28 0.27 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29
LSD 0.24 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.24 0.25 0.24
PCP 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.15
Ecstasy 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.15
Inhalants 0.22 0.20 0.22 0.21 0.21 0.22 0.21
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.35 0.30 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.34
Pain Relievers 0.27 0.24 0.26 0.26 0.24 0.25 0.26
OxyContin® 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.08
Tranquilizers 0.23 0.20 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.21 0.22
Stimulants3 0.24 0.22 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.21 0.24
Methamphetamine3 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.17 0.19 0.16 0.18
Sedatives 0.18 0.15 0.19 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.18
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.39 0.35 0.38 0.38 0.36 0.38 0.38
90331
Table 8.13P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0194 0.0800 0.0065 0.0772 0.0022 0.1276  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0936 0.3166 0.0971 0.1034 0.0169 0.5145  
Cocaine 0.4030 0.9215 0.1817 0.0191 0.3390 0.5280  
Crack 0.3364 0.7679 0.4810 0.5068 0.6243 0.6679  
Heroin 0.7556 0.6166 0.0862 0.6835 0.8106 0.8891  
Hallucinogens 0.8461 0.9755 0.7126 0.1911 0.9768 0.1293  
LSD 0.0044 0.0050 0.2704 0.5926 0.6991 0.4314  
PCP 0.0110 0.0820 0.4428 0.8263 0.8461 0.3405  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.0010 0.0067 0.0557 0.4556 0.5339  
Inhalants 0.0152 0.0221 0.1617 0.2702 0.2633 0.6610  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1524 0.3553 0.1932 0.2839 0.6532 0.2357  
Pain Relievers 0.0000 0.0021 0.0051 0.1022 0.1731 0.0507  
OxyContin® 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0069 0.0740  
Tranquilizers 0.1486 0.6594 0.2217 0.8096 0.7716 0.1088  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0003 0.0163 0.7564 0.0597 0.4084  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.5469 0.0028 0.2981  
Sedatives 0.0024 0.0341 0.0163 0.5080 0.8735 0.4349  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.1951 0.2010 0.0181 0.0917 0.1389 0.2154  
90331
Table 8.14C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 565 540 519 541 547 592 547
Marijuana and Hashish 459 437 437 463 465 484 467
Cocaine 217 225 202 202 228 239 207
Crack 124 122 115 114 133 123 94
Heroin 54 47 55 42 85 52 58
Hallucinogens 144 140 147 140 142 134 124
LSD 58 41 41 45 55 53 46
PCP 21 20 25 15 37 16 10
Ecstasy 122 101 108 111 101 104 92
Inhalants 80 66 78 79 93 96 107
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 368 356 341 345 353 377 346
Pain Relievers 293 298 289 300 298 312 289
OxyContin® -- -- 72 80 90 93 87
Tranquilizers 219 192 203 206 193 219 198
Stimulants3 147 133 153 130 177 150 120
Methamphetamine3 110 99 125 97 136 113 74
Sedatives 115 83 70 73 98 92 59
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 415 408 399 393 404 443 401
90331
Table 8.14D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.27 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.24
Marijuana and Hashish 0.22 0.21 0.20 0.21 0.21 0.22 0.21
Cocaine 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.09
Crack 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.04
Heroin 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
LSD 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.00
Ecstasy 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04
Inhalants 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.17 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.15
Pain Relievers 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.13
OxyContin® -- -- 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.09
Stimulants3 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.05
Methamphetamine3 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.06 0.05 0.03
Sedatives 0.05 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.18
90331
Table 8.14P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.2768 0.5800 0.9729 0.8245 0.4285 0.5401  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2215 0.7710 0.7145 0.7954 0.9133 0.5799  
Cocaine 0.0088 0.0083 0.0722 0.2629 0.0093 0.1458  
Crack 0.0032 0.0520 0.1487 0.0496 0.0316 0.0339  
Heroin 0.6748 0.1241 0.5769 0.4219 0.2383 0.3889  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0681 0.1609 0.1733 0.0465 0.3097  
LSD 0.1450 0.0035 0.0093 0.0036 0.5128 0.0891  
PCP 0.0001 0.0000 0.0001 0.0184 0.0163 0.0162  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.4478 0.4530 0.8552 0.5938 0.7930  
Inhalants 0.9652 0.6531 0.6216 0.9509 0.6636 0.8347  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.8177 0.4874 0.8917 0.3819 0.0056 0.0264  
Pain Relievers 0.2187 0.9307 0.2648 0.7638 0.0595 0.1469  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1372 0.1710 0.4938 0.7936  
Tranquilizers 0.8865 0.7219 0.6855 0.3215 0.8739 0.4878  
Stimulants3 0.0013 0.0762 0.0025 0.0264 0.0000 0.0766  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0004  
Sedatives 0.0041 0.0279 0.1940 0.1280 0.0053 0.0217  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0598 0.1799 0.9756 0.4782 0.0182 0.0327  
90331
Table 8.15C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 379 396 404 430 415 441 423
Marijuana and Hashish 313 317 349 357 350 353 374
Cocaine 126 146 119 141 152 149 130
Crack 67 91 66 87 101 80 55
Heroin 41 27 36 18 77 36 39
Hallucinogens 78 68 55 82 68 72 65
LSD 13 15 22 14 23 32 16
PCP 14 11 16 11 7 11 *
Ecstasy 62 53 45 43 50 54 50
Inhalants 59 37 58 52 66 62 67
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 227 255 206 232 236 249 222
Pain Relievers 182 205 164 191 210 212 193
OxyContin® -- -- 35 38 35 53 57
Tranquilizers 133 116 102 116 114 128 118
Stimulants3 92 100 96 79 103 93 73
Methamphetamine3 75 80 75 60 79 79 52
Sedatives 64 54 48 46 68 68 36
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 270 286 247 278 275 303 259
90331
Table 8.15D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.19
Marijuana and Hashish 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17
Cocaine 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06
Crack 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.11 0.12 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.09 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.09
OxyContin® -- -- 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.05
Stimulants3 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.03
Methamphetamine3 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.02
Sedatives 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.13 0.12 0.14 0.12
90331
Table 8.15P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.9715 0.7935 0.2824 0.9918 0.4411 0.8149  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.8145 0.7645 0.5493 0.6561 0.7444 0.2028  
Cocaine 0.1879 0.0146 0.2154 0.0033 0.0036 0.2346  
Crack 0.0126 0.0227 0.1777 0.0030 0.0028 0.0104  
Heroin 0.5704 0.0566 0.4488 0.0802 0.1385 0.3660  
Hallucinogens 0.0758 0.9238 0.4338 0.3739 0.8113 0.9107  
LSD 0.0215 0.4633 0.9016 0.1718 0.9112 0.7269  
PCP * * * * * *  
Ecstasy 0.0892 0.5093 0.3790 0.9026 0.9479 0.9214  
Inhalants 0.8698 0.1704 0.7264 0.4614 0.5416 0.6063  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.6432 0.4692 0.7819 0.3181 0.0072 0.0629  
Pain Relievers 0.2027 0.8240 0.1594 0.7686 0.1222 0.1917  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0906 0.2713 0.0542 0.4377  
Tranquilizers 0.6726 0.7895 0.4112 0.7204 0.8992 0.9102  
Stimulants3 0.0021 0.0054 0.0016 0.0161 0.0005 0.2307  
Methamphetamine3 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0003 0.0000 0.0248  
Sedatives 0.0049 0.3487 0.4092 0.3621 0.0572 0.1308  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.3148 0.3332 0.5022 0.2106 0.0051 0.0774  
90331
Table 8.16C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 75 71 67 75 74 73 68
Marijuana and Hashish 64 63 61 64 63 64 58
Cocaine 26 24 24 24 21 23 18
Crack 11 13 10 9 10 8 7
Heroin 7 8 9 7 7 8 10
Hallucinogens 35 33 32 31 30 31 30
LSD 25 19 17 18 16 13 15
PCP 13 13 13 14 11 10 9
Ecstasy 27 21 20 17 19 21 20
Inhalants 46 49 47 48 47 46 43
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 51 49 48 51 52 52 45
Pain Relievers 47 47 46 47 48 47 41
OxyContin® 14 16 17 14 16 17 16
Tranquilizers 27 26 22 25 23 23 24
Stimulants3 30 27 25 27 29 23 20
Methamphetamine3 18 17 16 18 17 12 10
Sedatives 13 16 15 16 13 13 12
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 63 63 61 63 61 66 56
90331
Table 8.16D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.59 0.56 0.52 0.58 0.57 0.57 0.54
Marijuana and Hashish 0.50 0.49 0.47 0.49 0.48 0.50 0.46
Cocaine 0.21 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.16 0.18 0.14
Crack 0.09 0.10 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.06 0.05
Heroin 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.08
Hallucinogens 0.27 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.23 0.24 0.23
LSD 0.20 0.15 0.13 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.12
PCP 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.07
Ecstasy 0.21 0.16 0.16 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.16
Inhalants 0.37 0.39 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.36 0.34
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.41 0.38 0.37 0.39 0.40 0.40 0.35
Pain Relievers 0.37 0.37 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.36 0.33
OxyContin® 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.12
Tranquilizers 0.21 0.20 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.19
Stimulants3 0.24 0.21 0.19 0.21 0.22 0.18 0.16
Methamphetamine3 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.09 0.08
Sedatives 0.10 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.50 0.50 0.47 0.49 0.47 0.51 0.44
90331
Table 8.16P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0024 0.0050 0.1973  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.1472 0.3384 0.9026  
Cocaine 0.0002 0.0008 0.0001 0.0410 0.2049 0.2116  
Crack 0.0199 0.0001 0.0179 0.1565 0.1140 0.3075  
Heroin 0.8202 0.8336 0.6731 0.6436 0.3159 0.4654  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0101 0.0127 0.8674 0.9749 0.4571  
LSD 0.0000 0.0140 0.2590 0.2412 0.2492 0.0467  
PCP 0.0017 0.0061 0.0121 0.0218 0.7636 0.7334  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.3325 0.6541 0.0609 0.2651 0.5738  
Inhalants 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0010 0.0419  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0147 0.0001 0.0222  
Pain Relievers 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0393 0.0004 0.0717  
OxyContin® 0.0266 0.5441 0.9631 0.2236 0.8722 0.6368  
Tranquilizers 0.0476 0.0213 0.3191 0.5599 0.8189 0.9316  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0009 0.0000 0.0925  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0016 0.0024 0.3656  
Sedatives 0.8011 0.0756 0.0548 0.3559 0.7256 0.9550  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.0001 0.0484  
90331
Table 8.17C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 66 73 66 67 68 67 70
Marijuana and Hashish 59 62 59 55 57 56 59
Cocaine 24 26 24 23 23 22 25
Crack 13 10 12 10 12 10 10
Heroin 12 8 8 6 9 7 8
Hallucinogens 34 35 31 29 29 28 29
LSD 22 18 16 14 13 12 14
PCP 14 14 12 12 12 9 8
Ecstasy 28 24 22 20 22 21 26
Inhalants 45 45 50 49 45 47 47
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 52 54 49 50 50 51 50
Pain Relievers 48 50 47 46 45 49 47
OxyContin® 16 13 16 16 18 17 17
Tranquilizers 27 28 29 27 28 27 26
Stimulants3 35 31 29 31 30 26 31
Methamphetamine3 22 19 20 18 21 15 20
Sedatives 17 15 15 15 14 15 14
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 59 66 58 61 57 60 61
90331
Table 8.17D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.54 0.60 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.54 0.58
Marijuana and Hashish 0.49 0.51 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.45 0.48
Cocaine 0.20 0.21 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.18 0.21
Crack 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.08
Heroin 0.10 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.05 0.06
Hallucinogens 0.28 0.28 0.25 0.23 0.23 0.22 0.24
LSD 0.18 0.15 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.12
PCP 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.06
Ecstasy 0.23 0.20 0.18 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.21
Inhalants 0.37 0.36 0.41 0.39 0.36 0.38 0.39
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.43 0.44 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.41 0.41
Pain Relievers 0.40 0.41 0.38 0.37 0.36 0.39 0.39
OxyContin® 0.13 0.10 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.14
Tranquilizers 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.21
Stimulants3 0.29 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.24 0.21 0.26
Methamphetamine3 0.18 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.17 0.12 0.16
Sedatives 0.14 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.13 0.11
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.49 0.54 0.47 0.49 0.46 0.48 0.50
90331
Table 8.17P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.4519 0.4083 0.2099  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0000 0.0007 0.2444 0.1447 0.2419  
Cocaine 0.0213 0.0411 0.6842 0.2384 0.1215 0.4305  
Crack 0.0011 0.1567 0.2682 0.4260 0.0745 0.2934  
Heroin 0.0434 0.1950 0.7529 0.7346 0.7789 0.6174  
Hallucinogens 0.0000 0.0005 0.1282 0.9907 0.8953 0.1198  
LSD 0.0000 0.0032 0.4712 0.4909 0.1179 0.0789  
PCP 0.0000 0.0004 0.0282 0.0086 0.0415 0.6538  
Ecstasy 0.0002 0.2459 0.4124 0.0046 0.2793 0.0206  
Inhalants 0.4669 0.5204 0.2308 0.5489 0.9788 0.4525  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0005 0.0043 0.0004 0.6545 0.3547 0.7283  
Pain Relievers 0.0386 0.0785 0.0025 1.0000 0.6707 0.5178  
OxyContin® 0.0030 0.0004 0.0774 0.0563 0.9411 0.8892  
Tranquilizers 0.1849 0.0615 0.1503 0.7039 0.6851 0.6455  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0008 0.0375 0.0911 0.0226 0.9767  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0009 0.0083 0.0478 0.0048 0.6646  
Sedatives 0.0626 0.6603 0.7094 0.7806 0.6120 0.6622  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0032 0.0023 0.0009 0.3008 0.5100 0.3068  
90331
Table 8.18C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 65 64 62 66 65 67 58
Marijuana and Hashish 55 53 53 56 54 57 51
Cocaine 23 19 20 19 18 18 17
Crack 8 9 7 7 8 7 6
Heroin 5 6 8 6 6 5 9
Hallucinogens 29 25 26 25 22 26 26
LSD 18 11 13 14 10 11 14
PCP 8 9 9 11 8 7 8
Ecstasy 22 15 16 14 14 19 18
Inhalants 31 33 34 33 32 31 31
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 42 43 39 41 43 45 38
Pain Relievers 38 40 37 38 40 40 35
OxyContin® -- -- 13 13 12 13 14
Tranquilizers 22 22 19 21 18 19 20
Stimulants3 24 20 18 19 21 18 15
Methamphetamine3 16 12 12 13 14 8 6
Sedatives 10 13 10 11 11 9 9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52 53 49 52 51 55 46
90331
Table 8.18D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.51 0.50 0.52 0.45
Marijuana and Hashish 0.43 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.42 0.44 0.41
Cocaine 0.18 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13
Crack 0.06 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.05
Heroin 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.07
Hallucinogens 0.23 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.17 0.20 0.20
LSD 0.15 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.07 0.09 0.11
PCP 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.06 0.06 0.06
Ecstasy 0.18 0.12 0.12 0.11 0.11 0.14 0.14
Inhalants 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.25 0.24 0.24
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.33 0.33 0.30 0.32 0.33 0.35 0.30
Pain Relievers 0.30 0.31 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.31 0.27
OxyContin® -- -- 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.11
Tranquilizers 0.17 0.17 0.14 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.16
Stimulants3 0.19 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.14 0.12
Methamphetamine3 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.11 0.06 0.05
Sedatives 0.08 0.10 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.07
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.41 0.41 0.38 0.40 0.39 0.42 0.36
90331
Table 8.18P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0001 0.0176 0.2961 0.5158 0.6148  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0029 0.0217 0.6040 0.8356 0.9940  
Cocaine 0.0002 0.0155 0.0181 0.0854 0.5259 0.6211  
Crack 0.0588 0.0072 0.1465 0.6162 0.1845 0.4582  
Heroin 0.5125 0.3808 0.7202 0.3311 0.2321 0.2840  
Hallucinogens 0.0011 0.8232 0.8387 0.3975 0.0559 0.2346  
LSD 0.0030 0.0117 0.2105 0.1684 0.0001 0.0157  
PCP 0.3250 0.4439 0.7599 0.5498 0.3766 0.7192  
Ecstasy 0.0005 0.3229 0.2853 0.0692 0.1064 0.9720  
Inhalants 0.0056 0.0617 0.0130 0.1752 0.3395 0.5481  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0000 0.0001 0.0703 0.1443 0.0032 0.1166  
Pain Relievers 0.0003 0.0002 0.0521 0.1353 0.0087 0.1487  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1873 0.2243 0.1043 0.3687  
Tranquilizers 0.3957 0.2761 0.9413 0.9936 0.1981 0.6437  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0000 0.0044 0.0332 0.0022 0.2037  
Methamphetamine3 0.0001 0.0002 0.0097 0.0032 0.0085 0.5844  
Sedatives 0.9347 0.1983 0.3837 0.7653 0.5299 0.6977  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0000 0.0003 0.0360 0.2713 0.0511 0.5130  
90331
Table 8.19C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 63 64 63 60 61 58 63
Marijuana and Hashish 53 55 54 50 51 48 52
Cocaine 23 19 19 19 20 20 17
Crack 11 9 8 7 8 9 4
Heroin 10 5 6 5 6 3 6
Hallucinogens 27 26 26 24 25 23 25
LSD 16 11 10 10 10 9 11
PCP 10 8 7 9 8 6 6
Ecstasy 22 17 17 15 18 18 22
Inhalants 30 31 34 33 32 30 31
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 43 46 45 44 43 42 42
Pain Relievers 40 42 43 39 39 40 38
OxyContin® -- -- 13 12 13 14 12
Tranquilizers 24 24 24 21 24 24 21
Stimulants3 25 23 21 24 25 20 23
Methamphetamine3 17 13 14 14 15 12 13
Sedatives 13 11 11 12 8 12 11
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 51 56 52 50 49 48 51
90331
Table 8.19D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.52 0.52 0.51 0.48 0.49 0.47 0.52
Marijuana and Hashish 0.44 0.45 0.44 0.40 0.41 0.39 0.42
Cocaine 0.19 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.14
Crack 0.09 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.04
Heroin 0.08 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.05
Hallucinogens 0.23 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.18 0.21
LSD 0.13 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.07 0.09
PCP 0.08 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.05
Ecstasy 0.18 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.18
Inhalants 0.25 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.24 0.26
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.36 0.38 0.36 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.34
Pain Relievers 0.33 0.34 0.35 0.32 0.31 0.33 0.31
OxyContin® -- -- 0.10 0.09 0.11 0.12 0.10
Tranquilizers 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.17 0.19 0.19 0.17
Stimulants3 0.21 0.19 0.17 0.20 0.20 0.16 0.19
Methamphetamine3 0.14 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.09 0.10
Sedatives 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.06 0.10 0.09
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.42 0.46 0.43 0.40 0.39 0.39 0.42
90331
Table 8.19P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0001 0.0001 0.0005 0.1206 0.3009 0.1950  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0000 0.0004 0.0063 0.5234 0.4166 0.0585  
Cocaine 0.0004 0.0077 0.1197 0.0089 0.0020 0.0203  
Crack 0.0001 0.0008 0.0743 0.0688 0.0069 0.0154  
Heroin 0.1698 0.6295 0.9385 0.6100 0.4323 0.2867  
Hallucinogens 0.0004 0.0350 0.2032 0.8571 0.7378 0.3662  
LSD 0.0008 0.5451 0.7682 0.5260 0.3735 0.2003  
PCP 0.0007 0.0596 0.4939 0.1827 0.5140 0.7118  
Ecstasy 0.0016 0.9350 0.4176 0.0198 0.5716 0.3116  
Inhalants 0.7026 0.2430 0.1718 0.0596 0.1351 0.5655  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0123 0.0152 0.0020 0.2448 0.3394 0.9937  
Pain Relievers 0.1362 0.0684 0.0183 0.6307 0.4916 0.6061  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.6733 0.3191 0.9773 0.2366  
Tranquilizers 0.0487 0.0289 0.1456 0.8399 0.4103 0.3382  
Stimulants3 0.0000 0.0050 0.0522 0.0259 0.0120 0.8372  
Methamphetamine3 0.0000 0.0203 0.0174 0.0455 0.0151 0.3408  
Sedatives 0.0996 0.8813 0.6286 0.9883 0.3107 0.9005  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0084 0.0020 0.0012 0.0366 0.1568 0.7398  
90331
Table 8.20C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 52 47 44 49 46 53 42
Marijuana and Hashish 44 43 39 43 39 44 38
Cocaine 12 10 12 13 9 9 10
Crack 4 7 4 6 2 2 2
Heroin 3 5 4 4 2 2 4
Hallucinogens 14 15 15 13 11 13 16
LSD 8 7 7 7 4 7 8
PCP 4 5 4 4 3 5 3
Ecstasy 10 8 10 7 8 8 10
Inhalants 16 16 16 18 18 19 17
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 30 28 26 26 27 29 22
Pain Relievers 26 26 24 24 25 26 20
OxyContin® -- -- 7 6 5 6 7
Tranquilizers 11 14 12 13 9 12 10
Stimulants3 17 13 13 14 12 9 9
Methamphetamine3 13 8 8 10 7 4 4
Sedatives 3 8 2 4 7 6 3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 36 32 32 33 33 37 30
90331
Table 8.20D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.41 0.37 0.34 0.38 0.36 0.41 0.33
Marijuana and Hashish 0.35 0.34 0.30 0.33 0.30 0.34 0.30
Cocaine 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.07 0.08
Crack 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.11 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.08 0.10 0.13
LSD 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.03 0.06 0.06
PCP 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.02 0.04 0.03
Ecstasy 0.08 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.08
Inhalants 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.14 0.14 0.15 0.14
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.17
Pain Relievers 0.21 0.20 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.20 0.15
OxyContin® -- -- 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Tranquilizers 0.08 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.07 0.09 0.08
Stimulants3 0.13 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.07 0.07
Methamphetamine3 0.10 0.06 0.06 0.08 0.06 0.03 0.04
Sedatives 0.02 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.28 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.25 0.28 0.23
90331
Table 8.20P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0000 0.0001 0.0195 0.1661 0.4660 0.2986  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0001 0.0038 0.0594 0.6224 0.3407 0.5726  
Cocaine 0.2731 0.4983 0.3764 0.2878 0.3480 0.3168  
Crack 0.3179 0.0237 0.4030 0.1993 0.7913 0.6934  
Heroin 0.6661 0.9013 0.6330 0.7166 0.1693 0.2375  
Hallucinogens 0.4840 0.7187 0.2155 0.0148 0.0019 0.0275  
LSD 0.7625 0.5096 0.2653 0.3118 0.0036 0.2982  
PCP 0.5619 0.3583 0.8415 0.8353 0.5987 0.9043  
Ecstasy 0.9901 0.0954 0.3415 0.0313 0.0925 0.0540  
Inhalants 0.3000 0.8891 0.8676 0.4096 0.4787 0.4054  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0001 0.0000 0.0046 0.0161 0.0196 0.0451  
Pain Relievers 0.0001 0.0000 0.0073 0.0212 0.0218 0.0339  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.6230 0.0581 0.0692 0.3536  
Tranquilizers 0.5800 0.0060 0.4225 0.2149 0.2043 0.1998  
Stimulants3 0.0066 0.0013 0.0302 0.1586 0.0991 0.5571  
Methamphetamine3 0.0715 0.0664 0.3726 0.0367 0.3329 0.3314  
Sedatives 0.6780 0.0223 0.3657 0.8078 0.0751 0.2727  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0002 0.0010 0.0545 0.1122 0.2010 0.4102  
90331
Table 8.21C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 44 45 50 43 45 44 43
Marijuana and Hashish 35 39 38 35 36 35 38
Cocaine 13 12 9 10 10 10 8
Crack 7 3 3 5 3 4 1
Heroin 5 4 2 2 5 * 5
Hallucinogens 15 13 12 14 14 11 14
LSD 9 7 4 3 6 3 7
PCP 4 3 3 4 3 * 2
Ecstasy 12 10 7 9 9 8 11
Inhalants 16 19 20 16 18 17 16
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 30 31 31 26 28 28 25
Pain Relievers 28 28 28 24 25 25 22
OxyContin® -- -- 8 5 3 5 5
Tranquilizers 14 16 12 10 11 15 13
Stimulants3 13 14 14 12 12 11 9
Methamphetamine3 7 8 9 8 8 7 4
Sedatives 8 6 6 5 5 7 8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 35 37 38 31 33 33 31
90331
Table 8.21D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.37 0.37 0.40 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.36
Marijuana and Hashish 0.29 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.32
Cocaine 0.11 0.10 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.06
Crack 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.01
Heroin 0.04 0.03 0.02 0.01 0.04 * 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.09 0.11
LSD 0.07 0.06 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.05
PCP 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.03 * 0.02
Ecstasy 0.10 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.09
Inhalants 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.13
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.21
Pain Relievers 0.23 0.23 0.23 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.18
OxyContin® -- -- 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.11 0.13 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.12 0.10
Stimulants3 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.07
Methamphetamine3 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.03
Sedatives 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.06
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.25
90331
Table 8.21P – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0003 0.0001 0.0031 0.2160 0.1866 1.0000  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.0069 0.0102 0.0190 0.7727 0.3361 0.6096  
Cocaine 0.0424 0.0016 0.2784 0.0465 0.0610 0.1447  
Crack 0.0611 0.0127 0.1778 0.0362 0.1020 0.0234  
Heroin 0.9756 0.4413 0.8227 0.8762 0.2594 *  
Hallucinogens 0.1458 0.2071 0.6981 0.6665 0.8679 0.1454  
LSD 0.5213 0.4431 0.8436 0.2674 0.5809 0.1541  
PCP 0.1803 0.8220 0.6398 0.4085 0.9707 *  
Ecstasy 0.2535 0.6487 0.2562 0.6579 0.8289 0.2402  
Inhalants 0.6629 0.0592 0.1651 0.4316 0.0471 0.9677  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.0010 0.0029 0.0158 0.3691 0.3612 0.3561  
Pain Relievers 0.0039 0.0058 0.0099 0.2464 0.2827 0.4568  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0333 0.9167 0.2330 0.4420  
Tranquilizers 0.1016 0.1853 0.8752 0.4371 0.5797 0.5998  
Stimulants3 0.0042 0.0007 0.0535 0.0315 0.0492 0.1576  
Methamphetamine3 0.0195 0.0035 0.0290 0.0374 0.0656 0.1683  
Sedatives 0.1917 0.4776 0.5572 0.2616 0.6988 0.4409  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.0005 0.0002 0.0046 0.1036 0.0761 0.4315  
90406
Table 8.22C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 832 803 794 845 848 844 866
Cigarettes 795 789 768 777 804 808 806
Smokeless Tobacco 279 284 245 267 284 281 310
Cigars 350 331 323 354 352 337 364
Pipe Tobacco 166 131 147 146 166 170 147
ALCOHOL 989 919 957 975 969 1,018 981
Binge Alcohol Use2 732 682 698 701 746 767 733
Heavy Alcohol Use2 392 380 382 379 427 429 412
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 572 573 570 576 584 595 627
Cigarettes 527 545 537 515 543 574 564
Smokeless Tobacco 264 256 234 241 273 251 294
Cigars 327 305 290 324 319 311 332
Pipe Tobacco 139 127 139 141 160 168 132
ALCOHOL 656 599 626 621 611 667 632
Binge Alcohol Use2 540 517 513 529 559 585 585
Heavy Alcohol Use2 346 321 319 321 355 375 355
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 513 507 497 543 511 511 556
Cigarettes 501 488 491 538 502 493 551
Smokeless Tobacco 100 126 65 87 76 113 75
Cigars 114 123 122 112 131 116 114
Pipe Tobacco 90 35 43 42 47 30 55
ALCOHOL 644 600 664 637 644 674 670
Binge Alcohol Use2 415 382 390 402 399 394 396
Heavy Alcohol Use2 177 174 174 163 168 171 193
90406
Table 8.22D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.35 0.34 0.33 0.35 0.34 0.34 0.35
Cigarettes 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.32 0.33 0.33 0.32
Smokeless Tobacco 0.12 0.12 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.12
Cigars 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.15
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06
ALCOHOL 0.42 0.39 0.40 0.40 0.39 0.41 0.39
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.31 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.30 0.31 0.29
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.17 0.16 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.17 0.16
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.50 0.50 0.49 0.49 0.49 0.50 0.52
Cigarettes 0.46 0.47 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.48 0.46
Smokeless Tobacco 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.20 0.23 0.21 0.24
Cigars 0.29 0.27 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.27
Pipe Tobacco 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.11
ALCOHOL 0.58 0.52 0.54 0.53 0.51 0.55 0.52
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.48 0.45 0.44 0.45 0.47 0.49 0.48
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.30 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.31 0.29
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.42 0.41 0.40 0.43 0.40 0.40 0.43
Cigarettes 0.41 0.40 0.40 0.43 0.40 0.39 0.43
Smokeless Tobacco 0.08 0.10 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.09 0.06
Cigars 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.09
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.02 0.04
ALCOHOL 0.53 0.49 0.54 0.51 0.51 0.53 0.52
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.34 0.31 0.31 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.31
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.15 0.14 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.15
90406
Table 8.22P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0039 0.0786 0.0297 0.0131 0.5856  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0013 0.0322 0.0311 0.0203 0.4816  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3540 0.2008 0.0020 0.0592 0.4767 0.1817  
Cigars 0.4194 0.4672 0.0226 0.0836 0.1297 0.6303  
Pipe Tobacco 0.8173 0.3848 0.8892 0.0808 0.0336 0.4128  
ALCOHOL 0.2434 0.0043 0.0162 0.7387 0.2151 0.3948  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.3727 0.1233 0.2236 0.1430 0.5322 0.8932  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.4507 0.5728 0.9401 0.1551 0.8882 0.8096  
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0008 0.0569 0.1071 0.0792 0.0132 0.3231  
Cigarettes 0.0003 0.0098 0.0368 0.0977 0.0238 0.2279  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.2350 0.0676 0.0016 0.0301 0.5558 0.1451  
Cigars 0.3108 0.9354 0.0360 0.0987 0.4367 0.7782  
Pipe Tobacco 0.6111 0.9585 0.4216 0.0261 0.0072 0.1327  
ALCOHOL 0.6851 0.6037 0.2952 0.6189 0.3106 0.1539  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.5877 0.3264 0.4398 0.1145 0.6173 0.8556  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.7590 0.5800 0.9757 0.4603 0.8470 0.9857  
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0043 0.0141 0.3241 0.1441 0.2265 0.7876  
Cigarettes 0.0026 0.0259 0.2950 0.1445 0.2249 0.8173  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3493 0.1799 0.8783 0.5635 0.5601 0.9413  
Cigars 0.8873 0.0384 0.2134 0.4358 0.0139 0.4813  
Pipe Tobacco 0.7035 0.0150 0.0763 0.3149 0.2269 0.0243  
ALCOHOL 0.2004 0.0002 0.0135 0.9654 0.3671 0.8867  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.4826 0.1951 0.2905 0.6593 0.6705 0.9945  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0394 0.9288 0.8561 0.0773 0.5074 0.5533  
90406
Table 8.23C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 81 80 80 78 72 76 69
Cigarettes 74 73 76 71 65 67 61
Smokeless Tobacco 27 30 32 29 31 35 30
Cigars 47 44 44 46 41 44 40
Pipe Tobacco 14 18 19 17 18 19 17
ALCOHOL 80 82 81 81 82 87 78
Binge Alcohol Use2 67 67 73 65 69 68 56
Heavy Alcohol Use2 31 33 36 32 33 37 30
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 59 56 55 59 54 57 50
Cigarettes 53 47 52 53 46 48 42
Smokeless Tobacco 26 29 30 28 29 34 28
Cigars 37 36 37 38 34 37 34
Pipe Tobacco 13 17 15 14 15 16 12
ALCOHOL 55 57 59 57 57 61 52
Binge Alcohol Use2 46 46 52 48 47 51 40
Heavy Alcohol Use2 24 23 27 27 26 28 23
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 51 52 53 50 47 48 46
Cigarettes 49 50 52 48 45 45 44
Smokeless Tobacco 9 6 11 8 10 9 9
Cigars 26 23 25 24 23 22 21
Pipe Tobacco 9 7 13 11 10 11 12
ALCOHOL 58 60 59 58 59 61 56
Binge Alcohol Use2 46 46 50 43 49 45 42
Heavy Alcohol Use2 19 23 23 20 21 23 20
90406
Table 8.23D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.33 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.29 0.30 0.28
Cigarettes 0.30 0.29 0.30 0.28 0.26 0.26 0.24
Smokeless Tobacco 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.12 0.14 0.12
Cigars 0.19 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.16 0.18 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.07
ALCOHOL 0.32 0.33 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.31
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.27 0.27 0.29 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.23
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.12
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.47 0.44 0.43 0.46 0.41 0.44 0.39
Cigarettes 0.42 0.37 0.40 0.41 0.36 0.37 0.33
Smokeless Tobacco 0.21 0.23 0.23 0.22 0.22 0.26 0.22
Cigars 0.30 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.26 0.29 0.27
Pipe Tobacco 0.10 0.13 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.12 0.10
ALCOHOL 0.43 0.45 0.45 0.44 0.44 0.47 0.41
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.37 0.36 0.40 0.37 0.36 0.39 0.32
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.19 0.18 0.21 0.21 0.20 0.22 0.18
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.42 0.42 0.43 0.40 0.38 0.39 0.37
Cigarettes 0.40 0.41 0.42 0.39 0.37 0.37 0.36
Smokeless Tobacco 0.08 0.05 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.08
Cigars 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.18 0.17
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.06 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.10
ALCOHOL 0.48 0.49 0.48 0.47 0.47 0.49 0.46
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.38 0.38 0.41 0.35 0.39 0.37 0.34
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.16 0.19 0.19 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.16
90406
Table 8.23P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0133  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0335  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.1596 0.3574 0.6958 0.4252 0.3259 0.1796  
Cigars 0.0040 0.0051 0.0000 0.0908 0.1465 0.0561  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0864 0.5031 0.9868 0.4016 0.6214 0.9090  
ALCOHOL 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0037  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0012 0.0000 0.0090  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0010 0.0004 0.0002 0.0112 0.0248 0.0501  
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0061 0.0144 0.0075  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0008 0.0253 0.0377  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.1630 0.6979 0.5737 0.5345 0.2817 0.1247  
Cigars 0.0206 0.0293 0.0010 0.2541 0.6068 0.0682  
Pipe Tobacco 0.6072 0.2789 0.5628 0.6262 0.4916 0.3808  
ALCOHOL 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0058 0.0005 0.0099  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0031 0.0001 0.0009  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0017 0.0136 0.0017 0.0183 0.0442 0.0563  
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0025 0.0033 0.4568  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0022 0.0025 0.3285  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.7726 0.0332 0.6806 0.4667 0.8856 0.6775  
Cigars 0.0601 0.0592 0.0159 0.1614 0.0666 0.4574  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0537 0.0058 0.5213 0.0704 0.1063 0.3637  
ALCOHOL 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0008 0.0022 0.1191  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.0167 0.0048 0.0006 0.1200 0.0206 0.8722  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.1650 0.0088 0.0408 0.3282 0.2561 0.4249  
90406
Table 8.24C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 150 151 161 155 159 162 153
Cigarettes 150 151 159 152 155 159 148
Smokeless Tobacco 59 56 60 64 65 63 68
Cigars 83 84 97 92 94 92 95
Pipe Tobacco 24 25 30 37 33 32 33
ALCOHOL 164 160 164 166 168 170 162
Binge Alcohol Use2 161 155 166 171 169 170 166
Heavy Alcohol Use2 112 114 120 120 125 115 122
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 100 106 106 110 108 116 108
Cigarettes 99 109 105 107 108 116 105
Smokeless Tobacco 56 55 58 60 62 61 63
Cigars 73 72 83 79 79 81 79
Pipe Tobacco 22 21 27 33 30 30 29
ALCOHOL 111 100 110 101 108 110 109
Binge Alcohol Use2 110 105 113 111 115 115 117
Heavy Alcohol Use2 87 91 88 96 95 94 94
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 101 93 102 101 102 96 101
Cigarettes 102 92 101 101 98 94 100
Smokeless Tobacco 8 11 10 12 13 13 14
Cigars 38 43 44 41 44 43 47
Pipe Tobacco 12 12 12 16 11 14 17
ALCOHOL 102 114 104 112 111 114 106
Binge Alcohol Use2 99 100 96 104 103 109 101
Heavy Alcohol Use2 55 59 60 56 63 59 62
90406
Table 8.24D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.48 0.48 0.50 0.48 0.49 0.49 0.47
Cigarettes 0.48 0.47 0.49 0.47 0.47 0.48 0.45
Smokeless Tobacco 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.19 0.21
Cigars 0.27 0.26 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.29
Pipe Tobacco 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.10 0.10 0.10
ALCOHOL 0.53 0.50 0.51 0.51 0.51 0.52 0.49
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.52 0.49 0.52 0.53 0.52 0.52 0.50
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38 0.35 0.37
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.64 0.67 0.66 0.67 0.66 0.71 0.65
Cigarettes 0.64 0.69 0.65 0.66 0.66 0.70 0.63
Smokeless Tobacco 0.36 0.34 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.37 0.38
Cigars 0.47 0.45 0.51 0.48 0.48 0.49 0.47
Pipe Tobacco 0.14 0.13 0.17 0.20 0.18 0.18 0.17
ALCOHOL 0.71 0.63 0.68 0.62 0.65 0.67 0.66
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.71 0.66 0.70 0.68 0.70 0.70 0.71
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.56 0.57 0.54 0.59 0.58 0.57 0.57
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.65 0.59 0.64 0.63 0.63 0.59 0.61
Cigarettes 0.66 0.58 0.63 0.63 0.60 0.58 0.61
Smokeless Tobacco 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08
Cigars 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.26 0.27 0.26 0.28
Pipe Tobacco 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.10 0.07 0.08 0.10
ALCOHOL 0.66 0.72 0.65 0.69 0.69 0.70 0.65
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.64 0.63 0.60 0.65 0.63 0.67 0.62
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.35 0.37 0.37 0.35 0.39 0.36 0.38
90406
Table 8.24P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.4754  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.4668  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0547 0.0103 0.1093 0.3658 0.5586 0.6583  
Cigars 0.4752 0.7557 0.0005 0.0837 0.0442 0.1919  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0129 0.0003 0.2615 0.6628 0.6315 0.1937  
ALCOHOL 0.3304 0.7961 0.3375 0.7060 0.2754 0.9543  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.9060 0.4332 0.7770 0.2507 0.1048 0.2659  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.3801 0.2166 0.2504 0.1062 0.0348 0.5795  
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0003 0.0026 0.0018 0.0035 0.0221 0.2290  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0103 0.3006  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.0954 0.0092 0.1402 0.3262 0.5342 0.5285  
Cigars 0.4950 0.8866 0.0006 0.0976 0.0368 0.0860  
Pipe Tobacco 0.1348 0.0070 0.8265 0.3415 0.6132 0.6188  
ALCOHOL 0.3590 0.0049 0.5343 0.0321 0.1020 0.3096  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.0730 0.0026 0.0813 0.0007 0.0627 0.1428  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.1092 0.1022 0.0815 0.0222 0.1664 0.9699  
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0005 0.0006 0.7669  
Cigarettes 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0003 0.9436  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.1269 0.8290 0.3422 0.8874 0.9050 0.5234  
Cigars 0.8993 0.6487 0.2283 0.4832 0.5859 0.6561  
Pipe Tobacco 0.0228 0.0107 0.0053 0.3847 0.0303 0.0729  
ALCOHOL 0.0142 0.0233 0.0334 0.0071 0.9860 0.3447  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.0326 0.0417 0.1232 0.0582 0.6047 0.9303  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.5390 0.9674 0.7713 0.7265 0.0458 0.3426  
90406
Table 8.25C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 797 748 752 798 798 801 845
Cigarettes 754 738 718 726 757 762 781
Smokeless Tobacco 270 274 236 256 268 266 301
Cigars 331 332 311 335 332 311 351
Pipe Tobacco 160 126 142 141 161 166 142
ALCOHOL 953 887 933 936 915 985 955
Binge Alcohol Use2 702 639 654 650 697 712 700
Heavy Alcohol Use2 355 349 356 347 393 403 389
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 553 546 552 554 566 572 613
Cigarettes 506 521 512 493 525 547 545
Smokeless Tobacco 252 247 226 232 259 237 285
Cigars 311 302 280 309 305 289 324
Pipe Tobacco 132 124 135 136 156 164 128
ALCOHOL 630 577 610 598 584 641 615
Binge Alcohol Use2 527 492 492 507 541 562 564
Heavy Alcohol Use2 323 306 307 302 333 356 339
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 488 477 469 515 477 486 542
Cigarettes 475 460 466 508 471 469 538
Smokeless Tobacco 99 125 63 85 74 111 73
Cigars 99 117 107 98 117 104 100
Pipe Tobacco 89 32 39 37 44 26 50
ALCOHOL 628 582 654 615 614 657 653
Binge Alcohol Use2 393 347 361 370 356 364 380
Heavy Alcohol Use2 158 155 160 146 147 157 182
90406
Table 8.25D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.44 0.41 0.41 0.43 0.42 0.42 0.44
Cigarettes 0.42 0.41 0.39 0.39 0.40 0.40 0.41
Smokeless Tobacco 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.16
Cigars 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.16 0.18
Pipe Tobacco 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.07
ALCOHOL 0.53 0.49 0.51 0.51 0.49 0.52 0.50
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.39 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.37 0.37 0.36
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.20 0.19 0.19 0.19 0.21 0.21 0.20
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.65 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.67
Cigarettes 0.59 0.60 0.59 0.56 0.58 0.60 0.59
Smokeless Tobacco 0.29 0.29 0.26 0.26 0.29 0.26 0.31
Cigars 0.36 0.35 0.32 0.35 0.34 0.32 0.35
Pipe Tobacco 0.15 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.18 0.14
ALCOHOL 0.74 0.67 0.70 0.67 0.65 0.70 0.67
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.62 0.57 0.56 0.57 0.60 0.62 0.61
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.38 0.35 0.35 0.34 0.37 0.39 0.37
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.52 0.50 0.49 0.53 0.49 0.49 0.54
Cigarettes 0.51 0.49 0.49 0.53 0.48 0.47 0.54
Smokeless Tobacco 0.11 0.13 0.07 0.09 0.08 0.11 0.07
Cigars 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.12 0.11 0.10
Pipe Tobacco 0.10 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.03 0.05
ALCOHOL 0.67 0.61 0.68 0.64 0.63 0.66 0.65
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.42 0.37 0.38 0.38 0.36 0.37 0.38
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.15 0.15 0.16 0.18
90406
Table 8.25P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0109 0.1257 0.7282 0.2457 0.0944 0.7742  
Cigarettes 0.0164 0.1527 0.6154 0.3550 0.1567 0.6344  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.7273 0.5138 0.0044 0.0983 0.4746 0.1533  
Cigars 0.5044 0.7917 0.4399 0.2789 0.4058 0.9168  
Pipe Tobacco 0.3731 0.9704 0.7054 0.0728 0.0183 0.2705  
ALCOHOL 0.2262 0.0013 0.0115 0.7164 0.0981 0.3287  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.2255 0.0267 0.0576 0.0393 0.1586 0.7828  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.2059 0.2026 0.5424 0.0238 0.3362 0.5887  
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0128 0.2699 0.4316 0.2701 0.0441 0.5337  
Cigarettes 0.0206 0.1903 0.3150 0.4514 0.0860 0.3541  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5032 0.2136 0.0030 0.0517 0.5612 0.1241  
Cigars 0.3194 0.8382 0.4141 0.2439 0.8300 0.7141  
Pipe Tobacco 0.3759 0.7147 0.4681 0.0421 0.0091 0.1176  
ALCOHOL 0.5274 0.2865 0.2052 0.8253 0.1553 0.0851  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.2559 0.0592 0.1278 0.0118 0.2559 0.7604  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.8288 0.2465 0.5127 0.1122 0.7614 0.9257  
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.1783 0.2240 0.7641 0.5533 0.6933 0.8033  
Cigarettes 0.2007 0.4186 0.7762 0.5691 0.7151 0.7884  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.2427 0.1231 0.9501 0.5199 0.5751 0.9836  
Cigars 0.5375 0.1119 0.8163 0.9156 0.0351 0.4180  
Pipe Tobacco 0.7492 0.2463 0.3686 0.7372 0.7678 0.1232  
ALCOHOL 0.2712 0.0002 0.0158 0.7179 0.2742 0.7985  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.6728 0.2318 0.2329 0.8802 0.3620 0.9778  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0290 0.6559 1.0000 0.0539 0.0996 0.2874  
90406
Table 8.26C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 829 784 793 839 837 838 868
Cigarettes 790 774 765 772 796 802 804
Smokeless Tobacco 276 283 243 264 281 278 309
Cigars 346 333 323 351 347 331 362
Pipe Tobacco 163 130 145 145 164 169 147
ALCOHOL 972 909 950 969 955 1,010 974
Binge Alcohol Use2 730 675 699 701 741 763 734
Heavy Alcohol Use2 389 376 383 378 425 426 412
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 565 561 568 576 580 592 629
Cigarettes 521 537 532 514 540 570 563
Smokeless Tobacco 260 255 233 239 271 248 293
Cigars 322 306 291 324 316 306 331
Pipe Tobacco 136 127 138 141 159 168 132
ALCOHOL 643 590 616 616 600 658 626
Binge Alcohol Use2 540 517 511 529 561 585 587
Heavy Alcohol Use2 346 320 318 322 353 374 357
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 509 498 494 541 505 505 551
Cigarettes 497 481 488 537 497 487 546
Smokeless Tobacco 99 126 64 87 75 112 74
Cigars 110 121 119 109 129 112 112
Pipe Tobacco 90 35 41 40 46 28 53
ALCOHOL 640 593 662 635 640 671 664
Binge Alcohol Use2 411 375 389 401 395 391 397
Heavy Alcohol Use2 175 170 173 162 168 169 192
90406
Table 8.26D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.39 0.37 0.37 0.39 0.38 0.38 0.39
Cigarettes 0.38 0.36 0.36 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.36
Smokeless Tobacco 0.13 0.13 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.14
Cigars 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.07
ALCOHOL 0.46 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.43
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.35 0.32 0.32 0.32 0.34 0.34 0.33
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.19 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.19 0.19 0.18
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.56 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.58
Cigarettes 0.52 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.51 0.53 0.52
Smokeless Tobacco 0.26 0.25 0.22 0.23 0.25 0.23 0.27
Cigars 0.32 0.30 0.28 0.31 0.30 0.28 0.30
Pipe Tobacco 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.15 0.16 0.12
ALCOHOL 0.64 0.58 0.59 0.59 0.56 0.61 0.58
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.53 0.51 0.49 0.50 0.53 0.54 0.54
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.34 0.31 0.31 0.31 0.33 0.35 0.33
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.47 0.45 0.44 0.48 0.44 0.44 0.47
Cigarettes 0.45 0.44 0.44 0.48 0.43 0.42 0.47
Smokeless Tobacco 0.09 0.11 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.10 0.06
Cigars 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.11 0.10 0.10
Pipe Tobacco 0.08 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.02 0.05
ALCOHOL 0.59 0.54 0.59 0.56 0.56 0.58 0.57
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.38 0.34 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.34 0.34
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.16 0.15 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.16
90406
Table 8.26P – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0004 0.0130 0.1894 0.0459 0.0194 0.6726  
Cigarettes 0.0002 0.0058 0.0906 0.0519 0.0290 0.5398  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4545 0.2510 0.0019 0.0760 0.4312 0.1417  
Cigars 0.6223 0.6717 0.0680 0.1153 0.1620 0.7825  
Pipe Tobacco 0.6781 0.4310 0.8839 0.0613 0.0274 0.4182  
ALCOHOL 0.1806 0.0022 0.0091 0.7519 0.1692 0.3476  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.2518 0.0704 0.1102 0.1155 0.3876 1.0000  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.3765 0.4662 0.9071 0.1300 0.8160 0.7287  
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0021 0.0937 0.1642 0.0949 0.0158 0.4038  
Cigarettes 0.0010 0.0209 0.0593 0.1305 0.0272 0.2671  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3174 0.0821 0.0015 0.0385 0.5058 0.1073  
Cigars 0.4048 0.9215 0.0751 0.1129 0.4417 0.9113  
Pipe Tobacco 0.5589 0.8752 0.4421 0.0272 0.0081 0.1531  
ALCOHOL 0.6468 0.5846 0.2584 0.5532 0.2818 0.1290  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.4774 0.2632 0.3111 0.1007 0.5177 0.9954  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.8137 0.5601 0.9413 0.4229 0.8891 0.9508  
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 0.0215 0.0366 0.5819 0.1995 0.2973 0.7703  
Cigarettes 0.0163 0.0715 0.5516 0.1963 0.2937 0.7866  
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3319 0.1325 0.9210 0.5104 0.5652 0.9110  
Cigars 0.5667 0.0833 0.4440 0.6405 0.0313 0.5714  
Pipe Tobacco 0.9014 0.0558 0.0887 0.5511 0.3679 0.0351  
ALCOHOL 0.1441 0.0001 0.0074 0.9519 0.3027 0.9175  
Binge Alcohol Use2 0.3699 0.1195 0.1623 0.5859 0.5237 0.9916  
Heavy Alcohol Use2 0.0284 0.7178 0.9822 0.0648 0.4446 0.5029  
90406
Table 8.27C – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
Lifetime 286 286 272 286 282 312 286
Past Year 250 253 246 268 260 292 261
Past Month 188 196 191 208 208 230 200
Binge Alcohol Use1 150 158 160 170 163 181 157
Heavy Alcohol Use1 76 79 98 86 93 92 84
MALE              
Lifetime 179 183 177 184 185 191 182
Past Year 158 166 162 171 171 178 164
Past Month 124 134 130 137 138 141 131
Binge Alcohol Use1 107 114 115 123 117 122 108
Heavy Alcohol Use1 59 59 70 67 73 72 65
FEMALE              
Lifetime 180 170 170 180 169 190 177
Past Year 160 159 155 171 156 181 168
Past Month 118 123 119 128 125 140 123
Binge Alcohol Use1 85 89 93 92 92 103 95
Heavy Alcohol Use1 41 43 50 44 46 49 46
90406
Table 8.27D – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
Lifetime 0.40 0.43 0.41 0.41 0.42 0.45 0.42
Past Year 0.41 0.44 0.41 0.43 0.43 0.47 0.42
Past Month 0.39 0.41 0.39 0.41 0.42 0.45 0.40
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.34 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.36 0.39 0.34
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.19 0.20 0.24 0.21 0.23 0.22 0.21
MALE              
Lifetime 0.55 0.53 0.56 0.55 0.53 0.59 0.54
Past Year 0.56 0.57 0.56 0.56 0.56 0.59 0.53
Past Month 0.52 0.53 0.55 0.53 0.53 0.56 0.53
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.48 0.49 0.52 0.51 0.49 0.51 0.46
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.29 0.29 0.34 0.32 0.35 0.34 0.31
FEMALE              
Lifetime 0.51 0.59 0.55 0.56 0.58 0.61 0.58
Past Year 0.53 0.62 0.55 0.58 0.58 0.63 0.60
Past Month 0.50 0.57 0.51 0.54 0.56 0.59 0.53
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.43 0.44 0.44 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.44
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.22 0.23 0.26 0.22 0.24 0.25 0.24
90406
Table 8.27P – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
Lifetime 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0030 0.0044 0.1942  
Past Year 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0012 0.0027 0.1721  
Past Month 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0015 0.0007 0.0105  
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.0001 0.0004 0.0000 0.0063 0.0019 0.0154  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.0239 0.0451 0.0198 0.1216 0.0365 0.1149  
MALE              
Lifetime 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0281 0.0067 0.1645  
Past Year 0.0001 0.0086 0.0004 0.0082 0.0013 0.0417  
Past Month 0.0006 0.0002 0.0009 0.0144 0.0044 0.0723  
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.0001 0.0002 0.0000 0.0021 0.0024 0.0058  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.0071 0.0400 0.0093 0.1404 0.0411 0.0806  
FEMALE              
Lifetime 0.0000 0.0000 0.0023 0.0261 0.0994 0.5794  
Past Year 0.0032 0.0007 0.0298 0.0328 0.1850 0.9518  
Past Month 0.0025 0.0028 0.0054 0.0202 0.0242 0.0328  
Binge Alcohol Use1 0.0649 0.1249 0.0194 0.3476 0.1249 0.3809  
Heavy Alcohol Use1 0.7283 0.4102 0.4459 0.4454 0.4096 0.6948  
90330
Table 8.28C – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1              
Cigarettes              
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 108 104 104 110 105 108 101
Marijuana              
Smoke Once a Month 97 101 109 107 109 107 112
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 105 109 112 117 113 117 109
Cocaine              
Use Once a Month 108 112 106 114 107 109 109
Use Once or Twice a Week 86 88 92 95 90 95 95
Heroin              
Try Once or Twice 108 108 103 110 109 114 106
Use Once or Twice a Week 82 85 86 86 90 89 91
LSD              
Try Once or Twice 109 111 105 115 106 111 105
Use Once or Twice a Week 93 99 88 95 94 96 100
Alcohol              
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 118 112 112 108 109 108 107
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
  a Week
106 103 101 118 108 112 111
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2              
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3              
Marijuana 109 106 108 110 110 109 110
Cocaine 86 90 102 99 97 97 94
Crack 90 91 100 96 99 94 96
Heroin 73 79 80 74 78 75 75
LSD 79 84 84 79 75 74 76
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
  Selling Drugs
82 83 85 86 76 79 78
90330
Table 8.28D – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1              
Cigarettes              
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.44 0.42 0.42 0.44 0.42 0.43 0.41
Marijuana              
Smoke Once a Month 0.40 0.41 0.44 0.43 0.44 0.43 0.45
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.43 0.44 0.45 0.47 0.45 0.47 0.44
Cocaine              
Use Once a Month 0.44 0.46 0.43 0.46 0.43 0.44 0.45
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.35 0.36 0.37 0.38 0.36 0.38 0.39
Heroin              
Try Once or Twice 0.45 0.44 0.42 0.44 0.44 0.46 0.44
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.34 0.35 0.35 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.37
LSD              
Try Once or Twice 0.46 0.46 0.44 0.48 0.44 0.47 0.45
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.39 0.41 0.36 0.39 0.39 0.40 0.42
Alcohol              
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.48 0.45 0.45 0.43 0.43 0.43 0.43
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
  a Week
0.43 0.42 0.40 0.47 0.43 0.45 0.45
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2              
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3              
Marijuana 0.45 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.44 0.45
Cocaine 0.36 0.38 0.42 0.41 0.40 0.40 0.39
Crack 0.37 0.38 0.41 0.39 0.40 0.39 0.40
Heroin 0.31 0.33 0.33 0.31 0.32 0.31 0.32
LSD 0.34 0.36 0.35 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.32
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
  Selling Drugs
0.33 0.33 0.34 0.34 0.30 0.31 0.32
90330
Table 8.28P – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1              
Cigarettes              
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0218 0.0894 0.1319  
Marijuana              
Smoke Once a Month 0.0149 0.0875 0.0864 0.8924 0.2137 0.2947  
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 0.0135 0.0294 0.0086 0.0022 0.0561 0.0099  
Cocaine              
Use Once a Month 0.2114 0.0073 0.9121 0.1648 0.2570 0.9329  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.2284 0.0048 0.2542 0.1980 1.0000 0.6463  
Heroin              
Try Once or Twice 0.2231 0.0929 0.2299 0.0395 0.4185 0.2605  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.0198 0.0175 0.8613 0.4183 0.7797 0.5506  
LSD              
Try Once or Twice 0.0016 0.0000 0.0010 0.0811 0.0871 0.3398  
Use Once or Twice a Week 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0003 0.1417 0.5994  
Alcohol              
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0005 0.0272 0.2153  
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
  a Week
0.0002 0.0009 0.0001 0.0012 0.0545 0.0884  
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2              
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3              
Marijuana 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0042 0.1469 0.9189  
Cocaine 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000  
Crack 0.0000 0.0000 0.0022 0.0003 0.0000 0.0002  
Heroin 0.0000 0.0000 0.0449 0.0287 0.0029 0.0139  
LSD 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.7792 0.2220  
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
  Selling Drugs
0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0001 0.0001 0.0639  
90407
Table 8.29C – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 90 99 100 139 102 94 106
Marijuana and Hashish 70 70 81 121 79 77 88
Cocaine 61 56 65 50 60 57 51
Crack 44 36 29 30 31 72 34
Heroin 20 20 28 20 15 21 23
Hallucinogens 54 46 55 51 72 61 59
LSD 30 20 25 29 32 23 30
PCP 15 14 20 13 12 11 10
Ecstasy 68 44 47 46 68 53 57
Inhalants 43 44 43 47 41 47 43
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 108 110 120 111 110 117 105
Pain Relievers 107 109 100 102 93 105 93
OxyContin® -- -- 54 63 50 49 36
Tranquilizers 80 64 74 88 67 82 72
Stimulants2 49 57 70 48 69 50 49
Sedatives 33 38 43 40 46 29 32
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1,2
97 103 100 112 102 107 103
CIGARETTES 75 72 72 86 79 71 89
Daily Cigarette Use4 64 58 55 58 54 52 57
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 52 50 53 58 71 61 82
CIGARS 103 99 112 113 104 107 104
ALCOHOL 101 104 127 108 107 111 115
90407
Table 8.29D – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.04 0.04
Marijuana and Hashish 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.05 0.03 0.03 0.04
Cocaine 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Crack 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.03 0.01
Heroin 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Hallucinogens 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02
LSD 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
PCP 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00
Ecstasy 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04
Pain Relievers 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
OxyContin® -- -- 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.01
Tranquilizers 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Stimulants2 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02
Sedatives 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1,2
0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
CIGARETTES 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.03
CIGARS 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04
ALCOHOL 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05
90407
Table 8.29P – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.6596 0.4062 0.9666 0.5648 0.7219 0.1697  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.2786 0.2397 0.8963 0.8038 0.3327 0.3815  
Cocaine 0.0000 0.0001 0.0002 0.0203 0.0007 0.0119  
Crack 0.0079 0.1287 0.6988 0.4924 0.3573 0.0643  
Heroin 0.7378 0.5795 0.8276 0.9180 0.4285 0.8153  
Hallucinogens 0.2383 0.0102 0.0551 0.0542 0.9485 0.4945  
LSD 0.4269 0.0000 0.0002 0.0007 0.0047 0.0013  
PCP 0.0000 0.0014 0.0124 0.1138 0.3021 0.6974  
Ecstasy 0.0000 0.0030 0.0005 0.0004 0.8140 0.1729  
Inhalants 0.0064 0.0034 0.0096 0.0085 0.2732 0.4189  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.2006 0.1938 0.0080 0.5955 0.4929 0.7936  
Pain Relievers 0.0504 0.0064 0.0154 0.5831 0.9614 0.9313  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0164 0.4047 0.3131 0.1845  
Tranquilizers 0.2404 0.9874 0.3524 0.0956 0.9835 0.2984  
Stimulants2 0.0011 0.0484 0.0105 0.3431 0.0024 0.4833  
Sedatives 0.3873 0.6555 0.2126 0.1615 0.1061 0.6556  
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1,2
0.8053 0.7857 0.6163 0.3328 0.6381 0.4530  
CIGARETTES 0.0028 0.0043 0.0667 0.5373 0.5596 0.1382  
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.1200 0.0339 0.0128 0.5422 0.1158 0.5291  
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 0.0001 0.0000 0.0003 0.0204 0.6548 0.3667  
CIGARS 0.3131 0.9510 0.0620 0.0004 0.1276 0.1279  
ALCOHOL 0.0775 0.2689 0.5677 0.6372 0.9115 0.4323  
90407
Table 8.30C – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
91 100 99 139 102 94 108
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3              
Marijuana and Hashish 58 60 67 116 67 64 74
Cocaine 10 8 31 7 11 6 9
Crack * * * 1 * * *
Heroin 1 1 1 * 0 * 3
Hallucinogens 14 13 11 13 23 11 21
LSD 1 4 1 2 4 2 2
PCP 2 0 1 1 5 * 1
Ecstasy 11 10 8 6 21 6 7
Inhalants 19 30 23 28 22 24 23
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 60 68 67 73 67 64 68
Pain Relievers 50 60 55 54 55 44 60
OxyContin® -- -- 1 5 1 2 3
Tranquilizers 14 19 27 43 27 37 25
Stimulants2 15 21 22 13 21 25 18
Sedatives 25 15 10 22 16 11 8
Illicit Drugs Other Than
  Marijuana1,2
67 79 76 80 74 70 75
90407
Table 8.30D – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3              
Marijuana and Hashish 1.67 1.93 1.87 2.39 1.77 1.82 1.81
Cocaine 0.38 0.29 1.10 0.26 0.40 0.21 0.32
Crack * * * 0.04 * * *
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.03 * 0.01 * 0.09
Hallucinogens 0.54 0.50 0.40 0.45 0.79 0.40 0.71
LSD 0.02 0.17 0.05 0.06 0.14 0.08 0.06
PCP 0.06 0.01 0.05 0.02 0.16 * 0.02
Ecstasy 0.42 0.38 0.30 0.21 0.73 0.21 0.26
Inhalants 0.69 1.09 0.83 0.94 0.78 0.87 0.81
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 1.70 1.98 1.93 2.23 1.85 1.87 1.84
Pain Relievers 1.52 1.90 1.70 1.77 1.69 1.47 1.75
OxyContin® -- -- 0.05 0.18 0.03 0.08 0.09
Tranquilizers 0.54 0.72 0.95 1.42 0.95 1.31 0.86
Stimulants2 0.54 0.77 0.77 0.46 0.74 0.92 0.62
Sedatives 0.91 0.58 0.35 0.74 0.56 0.41 0.27
Illicit Drugs Other Than
  Marijuana1,2
1.67 1.93 1.87 2.39 1.77 1.82 1.81
90407
Table 8.30P – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A  
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3              
Marijuana and Hashish 0.4390 0.7215 0.4025 0.4788 0.3112 0.8786  
Cocaine 0.5859 0.9011 0.5388 0.6973 0.4431 0.5388  
Crack * * * * * *  
Heroin 0.2520 0.2515 0.3229 * 0.2148 *  
Hallucinogens 0.8891 0.3675 0.1482 0.2851 0.9253 0.1565  
LSD 0.4905 0.4818 0.7024 0.8422 0.3927 0.5271  
PCP 0.3094 0.9806 0.6073 0.9784 0.0667 *  
Ecstasy 0.0509 0.3716 0.9111 0.5193 0.3894 0.2113  
Inhalants 0.6742 0.0176 0.2863 0.1836 0.8163 0.3689  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 0.5145 0.6212 0.5423 0.6364 0.4595 0.6975  
Pain Relievers 0.2350 0.2893 0.9069 0.4182 0.9083 0.1200  
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1031 0.7924 0.0803 0.2886  
Tranquilizers 0.4408 0.9339 0.5860 0.0735 0.5406 0.0372  
Stimulants2 0.6056 0.3897 0.6075 0.5110 0.2755 0.3633  
Sedatives 0.1177 0.4800 0.7590 0.2146 0.5065 0.6340  
Illicit Drugs Other Than
  Marijuana1,2
0.4510 0.7334 0.4059 0.4525 0.2945 0.8274  
90407
Table 8.31D – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2002-2008
Estimate Type/Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NUMBER OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES (1,000s)
             
Total 31 35 35 21 42 20 16
Gender              
Male 22 26 21 17 17 12 10
Female 20 24 29 14 39 16 13
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG TOTAL
POPULATION
             
Total 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Gender              
Male 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Female 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG PERSONS AT
RISK FOR INITIATION1
             
Total 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Gender              
Male 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Female 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.01 0.01
MEAN AGE AT FIRST USE AMONG
PAST YEAR INITIATES
             
Total 0.66 1.04 1.59 0.73 2.14 1.00 0.91
Age 12-49 0.66 1.04 0.83 0.73 2.14 1.00 0.91
Gender/Age              
Male 0.73 1.44 0.88 0.89 1.05 2.17 1.20
12-49 0.73 1.44 0.88 0.89 1.05 2.17 1.20
Female 1.04 1.51 2.69 1.18 2.98 1.02 1.28
12-49 1.04 1.51 1.36 1.18 2.98 1.02 1.28
90407
Table 8.31P – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Estimate Type/Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
1 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NUMBER OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES (1,000s)
             
Total 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0003 0.0153  
Gender              
Male 0.0000 0.0012 0.0000 0.0038 0.0116 0.4890  
Female 0.0000 0.0034 0.0001 0.0191 0.0044 0.0133  
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG TOTAL
POPULATION
             
Total 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0003 0.0153  
Gender              
Male 0.0000 0.0012 0.0000 0.0038 0.0116 0.4890  
Female 0.0000 0.0034 0.0001 0.0191 0.0044 0.0133  
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG PERSONS AT
RISK FOR INITIATION1
             
Total 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0002 0.0003 0.0148  
Gender              
Male 0.0000 0.0011 0.0000 0.0037 0.0108 0.4844  
Female 0.0000 0.0031 0.0001 0.0189 0.0043 0.0130  
MEAN AGE AT FIRST USE AMONG
PAST YEAR INITIATES
             
Total 0.7473 0.4159 0.1245 0.5821 0.2030 0.9212  
Age 12-49 0.7473 0.4159 0.2796 0.5821 0.2030 0.9212  
Gender/Age              
Male 0.5812 0.9559 0.5256 0.6272 0.9757 0.8528  
12-49 0.5812 0.9559 0.5256 0.6272 0.9757 0.8528  
Female 0.9735 0.3060 0.1494 0.6914 0.1465 0.9098  
12-49 0.9735 0.3060 0.3891 0.6914 0.1465 0.9098  
90407
Table 8.32C – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 224 206 210 203 221 231 210
Marijuana and Hashish 158 140 158 143 154 155 156
Cocaine 119 115 114 108 127 125 101
Heroin 45 37 49 36 66 43 46
Hallucinogens 38 34 44 36 41 41 38
Inhalants 31 27 28 38 27 22 28
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 139 116 115 108 115 128 113
Pain Relievers 126 102 86 97 104 116 100
Tranquilizers 76 56 73 51 53 65 50
Stimulants2 68 41 48 44 46 63 44
Sedatives 57 37 27 20 43 36 27
ALCOHOL 415 387 417 400 412 409 395
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 145 138 143 141 141 145 128
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 439 410 435 426 455 456 423
90407
Table 8.32D – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.08
Marijuana and Hashish 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06
Cocaine 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04
Heroin 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.02
Inhalants 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05
Pain Relievers 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
Stimulants2 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.02
Sedatives 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
ALCOHOL 0.18 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.16
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 0.19 0.17 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.18 0.17
90407
Table 8.32P – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.0732 0.5210 0.0513 0.9232 0.6547 0.7905  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1134 0.3206 0.0505 0.9952 0.8665 0.2783  
Cocaine 0.2936 0.2477 0.1557 0.2332 0.0819 0.2203  
Heroin 0.4081 0.1668 0.9755 0.4069 0.5693 0.2768  
Hallucinogens 0.0880 0.6937 0.0658 0.6635 0.6148 0.8118  
Inhalants 0.7185 0.9475 0.0977 0.2724 0.9410 0.7743  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.8625 0.3515 0.7665 0.3051 0.5055 0.9928  
Pain Relievers 0.5021 0.1341 0.0414 0.3713 0.7085 0.9727  
Tranquilizers 0.3447 0.9421 0.1129 0.7782 0.5534 0.9510  
Stimulants2 0.1851 0.4490 0.0403 0.2831 0.4905 0.4453  
Sedatives 0.5728 0.4000 0.8662 0.4335 0.9406 0.5146  
ALCOHOL 0.1297 0.5001 0.0754 0.1428 0.1836 0.4180  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.1105 0.5380 0.0131 0.1630 0.3766 0.5747  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 0.0688 0.4500 0.0646 0.3349 0.2405 0.6726  
90407
Table 8.33C – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 179 161 167 173 185 195 183
Marijuana and Hashish 109 104 115 119 114 127 122
Cocaine 97 89 101 101 112 106 86
Heroin 45 36 45 36 65 40 45
Hallucinogens 17 24 25 21 18 21 22
Inhalants 9 8 21 11 10 11 23
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 113 97 93 89 88 113 97
Pain Relievers 103 88 76 83 82 104 88
Tranquilizers 61 44 43 39 36 52 41
Stimulants2 38 32 44 35 38 60 36
Sedatives 56 31 23 14 18 21 25
ALCOHOL 283 265 297 262 284 284 294
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 105 75 93 92 94 98 92
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 323 300 320 302 329 327 328
90407
Table 8.33D – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.07
Marijuana and Hashish 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Cocaine 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.03
Heroin 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 0.02 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Inhalants 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.04
Pain Relievers 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.03 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02
Stimulants2 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.02 0.01
Sedatives 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
ALCOHOL 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.12
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.04
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13 0.13
90407
Table 8.33P – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 0.8234 0.2809 0.4916 0.9378 0.8608 0.5946  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.5737 0.8343 0.5952 0.9640 0.8787 0.3546  
Cocaine 0.3332 0.6836 0.0545 0.1114 0.0575 0.1247  
Heroin 0.5152 0.1987 0.7817 0.4004 0.5426 0.2178  
Hallucinogens 0.4978 0.6209 0.0760 0.4644 0.9174 0.5606  
Inhalants 0.1859 0.0775 0.7488 0.1752 0.1810 0.1429  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.1782 0.1849 0.5641 0.3507 0.1416 0.8070  
Pain Relievers 0.0790 0.0504 0.0477 0.3608 0.2097 0.8130  
Tranquilizers 0.6561 0.6715 0.6228 0.7588 0.3379 0.6505  
Stimulants2 0.4684 0.4512 0.0198 0.3967 0.3893 0.3074  
Sedatives 0.4615 0.5275 0.9779 0.2028 0.2238 0.9332  
ALCOHOL 0.9634 0.0471 0.8584 0.1499 0.5880 0.5643  
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.5152 0.0936 0.2760 0.5578 0.8423 0.6764  
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 0.9086 0.0559 0.9196 0.1331 0.6646 0.3460  
90403
Table 8.34C – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION              
Illicit Drugs1 136 119 134 137 157 150 124
Alcohol 146 144 174 171 177 167 183
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 111 100 111 120 128 125 96
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 178 169 198 191 214 193 211
SPECIALTY FACILITY              
Illicit Drugs1 121 91 114 108 125 113 94
Alcohol 124 102 135 139 125 130 139
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 88 71 73 89 82 75 63
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 151 118 165 157 162 165 159
90403
Table 8.34D – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION              
Illicit Drugs1 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.06 0.05
Alcohol 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.04
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08 0.08
SPECIALTY FACILITY              
Illicit Drugs1 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04
Alcohol 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.03 0.03
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06
90403
Table 8.34P – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION              
Illicit Drugs1 0.7636 0.2874 0.2966 0.4327 0.0397 0.6114  
Alcohol 0.1571 0.0803 0.6049 0.9153 0.7277 0.5672  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.5791 0.9839 0.1668 0.1181 0.0929 0.5234  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 0.2251 0.0476 0.7161 0.9772 0.8699 0.7178  
SPECIALTY FACILITY              
Illicit Drugs1 0.0674 0.7115 0.0703 0.4737 0.0112 0.3210  
Alcohol 0.6545 0.2654 0.8601 0.5596 0.9115 0.9164  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.1195 0.6201 0.0882 0.0889 0.1131 0.6571  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 0.3626 0.1155 0.5780 0.6998 0.2035 0.5170  
90403
Table 8.35C – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 231 215 228 222 240 248 219
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 121 91 114 108 125 113 94
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 205 192 203 198 203 217 196
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 411 389 431 413 419 421 404
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 124 102 135 139 125 130 139
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 403 370 409 386 407 397 384
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL1
436 415 461 443 463 470 436
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 151 118 165 157 162 165 159
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 429 390 426 412 441 433 408
90403
Table 8.35D – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.10 0.09
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.04
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.09 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.08
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 0.17 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.17 0.16
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.16 0.15
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL1
0.19 0.17 0.19 0.18 0.19 0.19 0.17
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.07 0.06
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.18 0.16 0.18 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.16
90403
Table 8.35P – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.0417 0.6382 0.0127 0.5320 0.3362 0.9328  
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.0674 0.7115 0.0703 0.4737 0.0112 0.3210  
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.1958 0.4831 0.0651 0.7515 0.7933 0.6947  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 0.1536 0.7350 0.0553 0.0993 0.1361 0.3819  
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6545 0.2654 0.8601 0.5596 0.9115 0.9164  
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.1842 0.4757 0.0503 0.1312 0.1300 0.3766  
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL1
0.0633 0.6903 0.0399 0.2327 0.1578 0.5972  
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.3626 0.1155 0.5780 0.6998 0.2035 0.5170  
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.1102 0.3316 0.0460 0.2664 0.3074 0.7459  
90406
Table 8.36C – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 570 561 554 573 577 602 646
AGE              
18-25 78 89 85 88 92 90 91
26-49 361 354 338 338 372 347 339
50 or Older 424 425 423 449 420 469 524
GENDER              
Male 318 319 327 344 334 359 373
Female 474 448 443 435 452 446 503
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 554 527 552 541 549 564 616
White 555 580 559 555 574 581 656
Black or African American 153 169 175 178 171 145 204
American Indian or Alaska Native 40 32 35 37 25 29 32
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10 * * * 25 * *
Asian 124 94 83 67 102 70 96
Two or More Races 60 65 52 59 93 56 95
Hispanic or Latino 153 163 156 170 161 185 167
90406
Table 8.36D – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.27 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.29
AGE              
18-25 0.25 0.28 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.27 0.28
26-49 0.36 0.35 0.34 0.34 0.37 0.35 0.34
50 or Older 0.54 0.53 0.51 0.53 0.48 0.52 0.57
GENDER              
Male 0.32 0.31 0.32 0.33 0.31 0.34 0.34
Female 0.43 0.41 0.40 0.39 0.40 0.39 0.43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.32
White 0.35 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.37
Black or African American 0.59 0.64 0.69 0.67 0.64 0.54 0.73
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.12 3.02 2.96 3.05 2.52 2.62 3.08
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 1.49 * * * 2.99 * *
Asian 1.47 1.02 0.92 0.74 1.07 0.74 0.94
Two or More Races 2.65 2.74 2.29 2.42 3.63 2.25 3.42
Hispanic or Latino 0.61 0.64 0.58 0.62 0.56 0.63 0.55
90406
Table 8.36P – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.3071 0.5977 0.1375 0.2903 0.2013 0.7353  
AGE              
18-25 0.4476 0.4634 0.9550 0.3316 0.9440 0.2070  
26-49 0.3067 0.2817 0.4389 0.8496 0.9936 0.5674  
50 or Older 0.0379 0.0913 0.0120 0.1661 0.0958 0.5580  
GENDER              
Male 0.2188 0.0968 0.2488 0.4056 0.4199 0.8210  
Female 0.6385 0.6183 0.2858 0.4603 0.3021 0.7935  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0742 0.2402 0.0525 0.1046 0.1283 0.5468  
White 0.0114 0.1485 0.0307 0.0705 0.1390 0.8654  
Black or African American 0.8134 0.8840 0.8547 0.7912 0.1860 0.0320  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3029 0.8895 0.8996 0.5781 0.7314 0.7215  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *  
Asian 0.0289 0.8085 0.8637 0.6850 0.4487 0.5881  
Two or More Races 0.6184 0.7675 0.4734 0.3146 0.5705 0.4426  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0941 0.2050 0.4290 0.2020 0.7408 0.5014  
90406
Table 8.37C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 62 63 60 63 60
AGE          
12-13 29 27 27 25 27
14-15 37 40 34 36 37
16-17 48 42 45 44 44
GENDER          
Male 32 32 32 33 30
Female 51 52 50 51 50
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE          
Not Hispanic or Latino 56 56 51 57 54
White 53 53 45 52 49
Black or African American 26 27 22 26 25
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 3 2 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * *
Asian 17 12 21 15 19
Two or More Races 10 7 12 7 10
Hispanic or Latino 28 29 29 26 27
90406
Table 8.37D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2004-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.24
AGE          
12-13 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.32 0.34
14-15 0.42 0.44 0.38 0.41 0.42
16-17 0.54 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.47
GENDER          
Male 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.24
Female 0.42 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.42
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE          
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.28 0.27
White 0.31 0.32 0.27 0.33 0.31
Black or African American 0.63 0.64 0.52 0.63 0.62
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.03 1.44 2.44 1.60 2.89
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * *
Asian 1.64 1.17 1.97 1.43 1.80
Two or More Races 2.15 1.62 2.53 1.61 1.84
Hispanic or Latino 0.67 0.68 0.65 0.58 0.58
90406
Table 8.37P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.0446 0.1353 0.3135 0.7754  
AGE          
12-13 0.1982 0.4445 0.8771 0.2294  
14-15 0.2240 0.0939 0.3442 0.9882  
16-17 0.0967 0.5134 0.5270 0.5826  
GENDER          
Male 0.0382 0.6217 0.8437 0.4015  
Female 0.2654 0.1348 0.2754 0.3853  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE          
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.1860 0.4484 0.1422 0.9199  
White 0.2166 0.3215 0.1830 0.9803  
Black or African American 0.4591 0.4982 0.4566 0.3895  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.5209 0.1630 0.8394 0.0966  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *  
Asian 0.7706 0.4577 1.0000 0.7140  
Two or More Races 0.9177 0.5584 0.7569 0.4155  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0816 0.0789 0.5669 0.6367  
90406
Table 8.38C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 70 71 79 76 74 77 72
Outpatient 67 68 75 73 72 72 69
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
  Social Worker, or Counselor
63 61 64 66 65 67 67
Mental Health Clinic or Center 35 31 38 34 33 30 32
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
  Program
27 25 28 29 31 28 26
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
  Preservation Worker
33 32 40 36 37 37 35
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
33 35 38 37 38 34 32
Hospital 28 31 32 30 33 31 28
Residential Treatment Center 20 23 24 22 20 17 19
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 15 19 18 17 17 13 14
EDUCATION2 61 71 72 73 70 72 71
School Counselor, School Psychologist or
  Regular Meetings with a Teacher
55 64 64 67 62 67 67
Special Education Services While in a Regular
  Classroom or Placement in a Special
  Classroom, Special Program or Special School
38 41 44 42 43 38 38
MEDICAL              
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 33 37 36 42 35 35 36
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
45 51 52 52 47 48 49
90406
Table 8.38D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.29 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.29
Outpatient 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.29 0.28
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
  Social Worker, or Counselor
0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
  Program
0.11 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.10
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
  Preservation Worker
0.13 0.13 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13
Hospital 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.11
Residential Treatment Center 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.08
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.06 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06
EDUCATION2 0.25 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.29 0.29
School Counselor, School Psychologist or
  Regular Meetings with a Teacher
0.22 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.25 0.27 0.27
Special Education Services While in a Regular
  Classroom or Placement in a Special
  Classroom, Special Program or Special School
0.16 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.15 0.15
MEDICAL              
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.14
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
0.18 0.21 0.21 0.21 0.19 0.19 0.20
90406
Table 8.38P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.0621 0.6276 0.0575 0.0534 0.3216 0.5812  
Outpatient 0.1392 0.7090 0.1108 0.0754 0.4989 0.4990  
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
  Social Worker, or Counselor
0.1663 0.5554 0.2790 0.1443 0.8734 0.5433  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.2753 0.1099 0.0030 0.0688 0.6751 0.7895  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
  Program
0.0549 0.1422 0.0939 0.0607 0.0183 0.2940  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
  Preservation Worker
0.8100 0.2541 0.3955 0.8315 0.9541 0.8095  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
0.8739 0.6132 0.0470 0.0772 0.2399 0.6351  
Hospital 0.3238 0.9769 0.2787 0.1584 0.3152 0.3163  
Residential Treatment Center 0.2715 0.2148 0.0009 0.3069 0.3390 0.9437  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.0587 0.0109 0.0997 0.2982 0.6808 0.6976  
EDUCATION2 0.0018 0.4138 0.0242 0.3493 0.6471 0.5375  
School Counselor, School Psychologist or
  Regular Meetings with a Teacher
0.0000 0.5912 0.2779 0.7986 0.4192 0.3549  
Special Education Services While in a Regular
  Classroom or Placement in a Special
  Classroom, Special Program or Special School
0.0842 0.0002 0.0000 0.0002 0.0001 0.3113  
MEDICAL              
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.3311 0.6604 0.0153 0.1027 0.6227 0.6489  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
0.0791 0.1514 0.1718 0.0771 0.8994 0.5012  
90731
Table 8.39D – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 1971-2008
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Standard errors for 1971 through 1977 were calculated by multiplying the standard error of the percentage (assuming simple random sampling) by the square root of the estimated "design effect" (i.e., 1.25). See Appendix A of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1979 for further information on these procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates were adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted by formally modeling the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, using 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2008 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2008.
1971 0.98 1.74 1.13
1972 1.00 2.02 1.57
1974 1.23 1.86 1.21
1976 1.22 1.82 1.41
1977 1.22 1.44 1.66
1979 2.51 5.03 3.34
1982 1.82 3.95 3.06
1985 1.82 3.15 2.96
1988 0.99 2.38 2.22
1990 0.93 2.01 1.74
1991 0.60 1.82 1.16
1992 0.60 1.62 1.45
1993 0.67 1.70 1.22
1994 0.50 0.81 0.47
1995 0.55 0.71 0.47
1996 0.54 0.80 0.42
1997 0.56 0.88 0.54
1998 0.57 0.68 0.46
1999 0.20 0.38 0.32
2000 0.21 0.34 0.33
2001 0.24 0.39 0.45
2002 0.24 0.36 0.45
2003 0.24 0.37 0.44
2004 0.23 0.37 0.47
2005 0.22 0.37 0.51
2006 0.21 0.35 0.47
2007 0.22 0.37 0.44
2008 0.22 0.37 0.48
90730
Table 8.40D – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 1971.2008
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Standard errors for 1971 through 1977 were calculated by multiplying the standard error of the percentage (assuming simple random sampling) by the square root of the estimated "design effect" (i.e., 1.25). See Appendix A of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1979 for further information on these procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates have been adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted using a simple ratio correction factor that measured the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, estimated at the total population level using pooled 1993 and 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for further information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2008 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2008.
1971 -- -- --
1972 0.48 -- --
1974 0.61 1.09 --
1976 0.56 1.01 --
1977 0.51 0.91 --
1979 0.60 2.11 1.23
1982 0.80 2.10 1.41
1985 0.59 1.72 1.48
1988 0.43 1.54 1.02
1990 0.56 0.98 0.83
1991 0.22 0.82 0.55
1992 0.19 0.75 0.55
1993 0.15 0.64 0.52
1994 0.20 0.37 0.32
1995 0.26 0.44 0.27
1996 0.19 0.43 0.34
1997 0.29 0.42 0.38
1998 0.24 0.41 0.35
1999 0.10 0.21 0.22
2000 0.12 0.18 0.18
2001 0.10 0.23 0.28
2002 0.13 0.24 0.31
2003 0.11 0.23 0.36
2004 0.11 0.25 0.30
2005 0.11 0.23 0.27
2006 0.11 0.24 0.35
2007 0.11 0.24 0.32
2008 0.10 0.21 0.33
90409
Table 8.41C – Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 121 90 114 108 126 112 94
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 3 * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander 5 * * * * * *
Asian Only * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 55 51 63 66 67 52 36
White 107 71 81 79 105 100 85
Two or More Races * * * * * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 37 21 38 48 72 22 32
Not Hispanic or Latino 117 88 108 93 105 111 89
Black or African American 55 51 63 66 51 52 36
White 102 68 72 63 90 98 78
GENDER              
Male 95 74 88 83 110 98 71
Female 77 50 72 66 66 51 60
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 65 72 59 51
100-199% -- -- -- 54 54 45 51
200% or More -- -- -- 59 93 86 57
AGE GROUP              
12-17 18 14 16 15 18 13 14
18 or Older 120 88 113 106 125 110 93
90409
Table 8.41D – Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 1.39 1.12 1.26 1.28 1.38 1.32 1.12
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 2.59 * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander 3.35 * * * * * *
Asian Only * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 3.70 4.33 3.95 3.89 3.88 3.81 2.88
White 1.57 1.12 1.20 1.26 1.54 1.49 1.26
Two or More Races * * * * * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 3.02 1.98 3.20 4.24 4.71 2.19 2.81
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.55 1.24 1.38 1.29 1.39 1.47 1.23
Black or African American 3.82 4.43 4.00 3.94 3.36 3.89 2.98
White 1.78 1.25 1.28 1.22 1.61 1.68 1.37
GENDER              
Male 1.73 1.48 1.54 1.60 1.93 1.70 1.48
Female 2.30 1.66 2.12 1.96 2.00 1.80 1.68
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 2.98 3.10 2.82 2.62
100-199% -- -- -- 2.80 2.71 2.65 2.58
200% or More -- -- -- 1.43 1.97 1.75 1.30
AGE GROUP              
12-17 1.17 1.02 1.06 1.12 1.40 1.14 1.11
18 or Older 1.65 1.33 1.50 1.51 1.62 1.51 1.31
90409
Table 8.41P – Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.2108 0.5479 0.3052 0.5787 0.0124 0.2764  
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * * * *  
Asian or Pacific Islander * * * * * *  
Asian Only * * * * * *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *  
Black or African American 0.0778 0.1584 0.0112 0.0278 0.0150 0.1466  
White 0.6253 0.1585 0.7346 0.6627 0.0906 0.6346  
Two or More Races * * * * * *  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 0.4937 0.2945 0.8762 0.1479 0.0296 0.4967  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2733 0.7751 0.3091 0.9846 0.1020 0.2120  
Black or African American 0.0743 0.1728 0.0143 0.0318 0.0584 0.1705  
White 0.7806 0.2996 0.6514 0.2025 0.3414 0.5066  
GENDER              
Male 0.7432 0.9339 0.3761 0.9860 0.1395 0.3345  
Female 0.0992 0.3316 0.6066 0.3307 0.0327 0.6406  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 0.7771 0.2127 0.8836  
100-199% -- -- -- 0.7273 0.6370 0.7583  
200% or More -- -- -- 0.5001 0.0317 0.0601  
AGE GROUP              
12-17 0.6307 0.6032 0.8288 0.1952 0.2727 0.7202  
18 or Older 0.1834 0.6829 0.2746 0.6816 0.0193 0.3086  
90409
Table 8.42C – Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 123 102 136 140 124 130 138
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 13 * 6 9 * 5
Asian or Pacific Islander * 7 * 3 10 1 *
Asian Only * * * 3 * 0 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 49 58 59 80 50 66 59
White 114 80 120 110 113 108 119
Two or More Races 7 10 11 6 * * 7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 30 34 95 60 76 31 23
Not Hispanic or Latino 120 96 98 122 99 127 136
Black or African American 49 58 59 80 39 65 59
White 109 72 74 91 89 105 118
GENDER              
Male 109 86 131 117 99 112 120
Female 53 54 47 73 73 64 65
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 81 66 75 48
100-199% -- -- -- 66 63 49 55
200% or More -- -- -- 89 83 90 113
AGE GROUP              
12-17 17 12 15 14 14 12 11
18 or Older 122 102 135 138 124 130 138
90409
Table 8.42D – Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.65 0.54 0.66 0.68 0.62 0.64 0.70
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.14 3.89 * 2.07 2.62 * 2.20
Asian or Pacific Islander * 1.20 * 0.65 2.04 0.13 *
Asian Only * * * 0.77 * 0.11 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 2.14 2.88 2.64 3.28 2.20 2.85 2.54
White 0.72 0.51 0.69 0.64 0.67 0.64 0.72
Two or More Races 2.66 3.66 3.40 2.55 * * 2.77
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 1.22 1.32 3.23 2.02 2.35 1.23 0.80
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.72 0.58 0.57 0.70 0.59 0.71 0.80
Black or African American 2.19 2.98 2.76 3.33 1.87 2.89 2.59
White 0.80 0.54 0.52 0.64 0.64 0.72 0.84
GENDER              
Male 0.83 0.68 0.94 0.86 0.75 0.80 0.93
Female 0.90 0.85 0.72 1.03 1.03 1.00 0.91
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 2.35 1.99 2.52 1.82
100-199% -- -- -- 1.70 1.57 1.41 1.54
200% or More -- -- -- 0.69 0.65 0.67 0.83
AGE GROUP              
12-17 1.11 0.78 0.91 0.91 0.99 0.80 0.88
18 or Older 0.70 0.58 0.72 0.72 0.67 0.69 0.74
90409
Table 8.42P – Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9346 0.2087 0.7542 0.8649 0.7815 0.9008  
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.1956 0.3132 * 0.6631 0.7337 *  
Asian or Pacific Islander * * * * * *  
Asian Only * * * * * *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *  
Black or African American 0.7324 0.7894 0.7089 0.2560 0.6824 0.7903  
White 0.7293 0.1310 0.6038 0.8662 1.0000 0.8377  
Two or More Races 0.6542 0.4163 0.5896 0.8091 * *  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 0.1861 0.1803 0.1231 0.0094 0.0028 0.2525  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.7720 0.0870 0.2025 0.4531 0.0978 0.6177  
Black or African American 0.7505 0.7757 0.5948 0.2496 0.4298 0.8133  
White 0.9653 0.0409 0.0724 0.1994 0.1806 0.5826  
GENDER              
Male 0.8629 0.1987 0.9449 0.6013 0.4653 0.8699  
Female 0.7091 0.6935 0.4243 0.2405 0.5556 0.9033  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 0.0723 0.5758 0.3306  
100-199% -- -- -- 0.9749 0.8568 0.6082  
200% or More -- -- -- 0.2346 0.3524 0.6067  
AGE GROUP              
12-17 0.1651 0.8695 0.1358 0.1273 0.4285 0.8105  
18 or Older 0.9597 0.2100 0.6576 0.9721 0.7296 0.9311  
90409
Table 8.43C – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 150 117 166 157 163 164 158
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 12 14 * 7 11 * 7
Asian or Pacific Islander 5 8 * 3 14 * *
Asian Only 4 7 * 3 13 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 67 60 74 91 72 96 65
White 135 96 139 121 144 132 138
Two or More Races 12 10 11 12 10 * 13
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 42 37 100 72 97 34 36
Not Hispanic or Latino 146 112 132 141 134 162 156
Black or African American 67 60 74 91 57 96 65
White 129 89 96 104 119 128 135
GENDER              
Male 123 98 144 135 137 145 135
Female 89 64 84 79 90 76 81
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 96 84 86 64
100-199% -- -- -- 74 81 78 69
200% or More -- -- -- 100 116 114 123
AGE GROUP              
12-17 20 17 18 17 20 15 16
18 or Older 150 116 164 155 162 164 157
90409
Table 8.43D – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.65 0.50 0.65 0.63 0.65 0.66 0.65
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.58 3.72 * 1.97 2.63 * 2.19
Asian or Pacific Islander 1.04 1.12 * 0.64 2.28 * *
Asian Only 1.07 1.07 * 0.68 2.68 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 2.16 2.30 2.47 2.80 2.19 2.97 2.13
White 0.70 0.50 0.67 0.60 0.71 0.65 0.68
Two or More Races 3.22 2.86 3.00 3.70 2.72 * 3.59
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 1.31 1.18 2.84 2.04 2.45 1.15 1.04
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.71 0.55 0.61 0.67 0.64 0.74 0.74
Black or African American 2.23 2.37 2.56 2.84 1.90 3.02 2.17
White 0.79 0.54 0.56 0.63 0.71 0.74 0.79
GENDER              
Male 0.79 0.65 0.87 0.84 0.84 0.86 0.87
Female 1.08 0.78 0.97 0.91 1.01 0.93 0.90
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 2.05 1.83 2.11 1.69
100-199% -- -- -- 1.52 1.59 1.74 1.46
200% or More -- -- -- 0.66 0.76 0.71 0.76
AGE GROUP              
12-17 0.81 0.74 0.74 0.77 0.93 0.76 0.79
18 or Older 0.71 0.55 0.71 0.69 0.71 0.72 0.70
90409
Table 8.43P – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 0.6919 0.0733 0.9910 0.9647 0.3602 0.5950  
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.3016 0.2526 * 0.5074 0.8041 *  
Asian or Pacific Islander * * * * * *  
Asian Only * * * * * *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * *  
Black or African American 0.5407 1.0000 0.2644 0.1422 0.4280 0.1493  
White 0.8019 0.0604 0.5553 0.6028 0.4424 0.8150  
Two or More Races 0.5824 0.8029 0.7010 0.9275 0.3184 *  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 0.2263 0.5089 0.1482 0.0061 0.0008 0.6661  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9686 0.0367 0.4224 0.3003 0.5433 0.7499  
Black or African American 0.4999 0.9863 0.2203 0.1415 0.7439 0.1598  
White 0.8792 0.0294 0.0857 0.0744 0.4829 0.6850  
GENDER              
Male 0.7320 0.1548 0.9174 0.9130 0.7634 0.5997  
Female 0.2166 0.2430 0.9276 0.8204 0.2292 0.9787  
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 0.2872 0.5347 0.5389  
100-199% -- -- -- 0.4988 0.9498 0.7501  
200% or More -- -- -- 0.5469 0.5845 0.6211  
AGE GROUP              
12-17 0.4644 0.9733 0.5377 0.2675 0.2886 0.8659  
18 or Older 0.7207 0.0760 0.9658 0.9496 0.4148 0.6029  

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