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90331
Table 8.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255b 110,205b 110,057b 112,085b 111,774b 114,275a 117,325
Marijuana and Hashish 94,946b 96,611b 96,772b 97,545b 97,825b 100,518 102,404
Cocaine 33,910b 34,891a 34,153b 33,673b 35,298 35,882 36,773
Crack 8,402 7,949 7,840 7,928 8,554 8,581 8,445
Heroin 3,668 3,744 3,145a 3,534 3,785 3,780 3,788
Hallucinogens 34,314 34,363 34,333 33,728a 35,281 34,215a 35,963
LSD 24,516 24,424 23,398 22,433 23,346 22,656 23,547
PCP 7,418 7,107 6,762 6,603 6,618 6,140 6,631
Ecstasy 10,150b 10,904b 11,130b 11,495b 12,262 12,426 12,924
Inhalants 22,870 22,995 22,798 22,745 22,879 22,477 22,274
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 47,958b 49,001b 49,157b 49,571a 50,965 50,415 51,970
Pain Relievers 29,611b 31,207b 31,768b 32,692b 33,472 33,060a 34,861
OxyContin® 1,924b 2,832b 3,072b 3,481b 4,098b 4,354 4,842
Tranquilizers 19,267b 20,220 19,852a 21,041 21,303 20,208 21,476
Stimulants3 23,496b 23,004a 22,297 20,983 22,468 21,654 21,206
Methamphetamine3 15,365b 15,139b 14,512b 12,663 14,206b 13,065 12,598
Sedatives 9,960a 9,510 9,891 8,982 8,822 8,396 8,882
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 70,300b 71,128b 70,657b 71,822b 72,906a 73,494 75,573
90331
Table 8.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0 46.4 45.8a 46.1 45.4b 46.1 47.0
Marijuana and Hashish 40.4 40.6 40.2 40.1 39.8a 40.6 41.0
Cocaine 14.4 14.7 14.2 13.8a 14.3 14.5 14.7
Crack 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5
Hallucinogens 14.6 14.5 14.3 13.9 14.3 13.8 14.4
LSD 10.4b 10.3b 9.7 9.2 9.5 9.1 9.4
PCP 3.2b 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7
Ecstasy 4.3b 4.6b 4.6b 4.7a 5.0 5.0 5.2
Inhalants 9.7b 9.7b 9.5a 9.4 9.3 9.1 8.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.4 20.6 20.4 20.4 20.7 20.3 20.8
Pain Relievers 12.6b 13.1a 13.2a 13.4 13.6 13.3 14.0
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.4b 1.7b 1.8 1.9
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.6
Stimulants3 10.0b 9.7b 9.3b 8.6 9.1a 8.7 8.5
Methamphetamine3 6.5b 6.4b 6.0b 5.2 5.8b 5.3 5.0
Sedatives 4.2b 4.0a 4.1a 3.7 3.6 3.4 3.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9 29.9 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 30.3
90331
Table 8.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132 34,993 34,807 35,041 35,775 35,692 35,525
Marijuana and Hashish 25,755 25,231 25,451 25,375 25,378 25,085 25,768
Cocaine 5,902a 5,908a 5,658 5,523 6,069b 5,738 5,255
Crack 1,554b 1,406 1,304 1,381 1,479a 1,451a 1,109
Heroin 404 314 398 379 560 366 453
Hallucinogens 4,749b 3,936 3,878 3,809 3,956 3,762 3,678
LSD 999a 558b 592b 563b 666 620a 802
PCP 235b 219b 210b 164a 187a 137 99
Ecstasy 3,167b 2,119 1,915 1,960 2,130 2,132 2,139
Inhalants 2,084 2,075 2,255 2,187 2,218 2,080 2,047
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14,795 15,163 14,849 15,346 16,482b 16,280a 15,166
Pain Relievers 10,992a 11,671 11,256 11,815 12,649 12,466 11,885
OxyContin® -- -- 1,213a 1,226 1,323 1,422 1,459
Tranquilizers 4,849 5,051 5,068 5,249 5,058 5,282 5,103
Stimulants3 3,380b 3,031a 3,254b 3,088a 3,791b 2,998 2,639
Methamphetamine3 1,755b 1,602b 1,808b 1,603b 1,889b 1,343b 850
Sedatives 981b 831a 737 750 926b 864a 621
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423 20,305 19,658 20,109 21,254a 21,144 19,990
90331
Table 8.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9a 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.4 14.2
Marijuana and Hashish 11.0a 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1 10.3
Cocaine 2.5b 2.5b 2.4a 2.3 2.5b 2.3 2.1
Crack 0.7b 0.6a 0.5 0.6a 0.6a 0.6a 0.4
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.0b 1.7a 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
LSD 0.4b 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3 0.3a 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.0
Ecstasy 1.3b 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Inhalants 0.9 0.9 0.9a 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.7b 6.6a 6.1
Pain Relievers 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.1a 5.0 4.8
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0
Stimulants3 1.4b 1.3b 1.4b 1.3b 1.5b 1.2 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.5b 0.3
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.4b 0.3a 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.7b 8.5a 8.2 8.3 8.6b 8.5a 8.0
90331
Table 8.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522 19,470 19,071 19,720 20,357 19,857 20,077
Marijuana and Hashish 14,584 14,638 14,576 14,626 14,813 14,448 15,203
Cocaine 2,020 2,281a 2,021 2,397b 2,421b 2,075 1,855
Crack 567a 604a 467 682b 702b 610b 359
Heroin 166 119 166 136 338 153 213
Hallucinogens 1,196 1,042 929 1,088 1,006 996 1,060
LSD 112 133 141 104 130 145 154
PCP 58 56a 49 48 30 41 24
Ecstasy 676 470 450 502 528 503 555
Inhalants 635 570 638 611 761 616 640
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,287 6,451 6,110 6,491 7,095b 6,895a 6,224
Pain Relievers 4,377 4,693 4,404 4,658 5,220 5,174 4,747
OxyContin® -- -- 325 334 276a 369 435
Tranquilizers 1,804 1,830 1,616 1,817 1,766 1,835 1,800
Stimulants3 1,303b 1,310b 1,312b 1,188b 1,385b 1,053 904
Methamphetamine3 683b 726b 706b 628b 731b 529a 314
Sedatives 436b 294 265 272 385 346 234
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,777 8,849 8,247 8,963 9,615b 9,270 8,565
90331
Table 8.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.0 8.0
Marijuana and Hashish 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.1
Cocaine 0.9 1.0b 0.8 1.0b 1.0b 0.8 0.7
Crack 0.2b 0.3a 0.2 0.3b 0.3b 0.2b 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0a 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.9b 2.8a 2.5
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.1 2.1 1.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.6b 0.6b 0.5b 0.5b 0.6b 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.2a 0.1
Sedatives 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.9b 3.7 3.4
90331
Table 8.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,642b 7,631b 7,566b 7,022b 7,009b 6,621 6,520
Marijuana and Hashish 5,104b 4,888b 4,788b 4,402a 4,394a 4,084 4,108
Cocaine 670b 648b 611b 582a 570a 542 472
Crack 163b 157b 125a 108 128a 106 79
Heroin 94 80 78 60 60 54 68
Hallucinogens 1,419b 1,250b 1,160b 998 986 896 973
LSD 670b 397b 313 288 218 200a 268
PCP 233b 204b 175b 182b 128 104 102
Ecstasy 820b 603 523 399b 474 446a 531
Inhalants 2,605b 2,670b 2,762b 2,658b 2,561b 2,422 2,307
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,402b 3,372b 3,403b 3,019a 3,171b 2,949 2,772
Pain Relievers 2,775b 2,798b 2,879b 2,517 2,647b 2,452 2,346
OxyContin® 224b 254b 305 276a 342 360 341
Tranquilizers 834a 874b 816 766 740 748 718
Stimulants3 1,112b 1,046b 906b 870b 930b 732 670
Methamphetamine3 416b 382b 346b 319b 341b 222 195
Sedatives 238 249 251 232 224 214 203
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,286b 5,319b 5,355b 4,944b 4,949b 4,637 4,488
90331
Table 8.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 30.9b 30.5b 30.0b 27.7b 27.6a 26.2 26.2
Marijuana and Hashish 20.6b 19.6b 19.0b 17.4 17.3 16.2 16.5
Cocaine 2.7b 2.6b 2.4b 2.3a 2.2a 2.1 1.9
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5a 0.4 0.5a 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.7b 5.0b 4.6b 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.9
LSD 2.7b 1.6b 1.2 1.1 0.9 0.8b 1.1
PCP 0.9b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.4
Ecstasy 3.3b 2.4 2.1 1.6b 1.9 1.8a 2.1
Inhalants 10.5b 10.7b 11.0b 10.5b 10.1a 9.6 9.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.7b 13.5b 13.5b 11.9a 12.5b 11.7 11.1
Pain Relievers 11.2b 11.2b 11.4b 9.9 10.4b 9.7 9.4
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.0b 1.2 1.1a 1.3 1.4 1.4
Tranquilizers 3.4a 3.5b 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9
Stimulants3 4.5b 4.2b 3.6b 3.4b 3.7b 2.9 2.7
Methamphetamine3 1.7b 1.5b 1.4b 1.3b 1.3b 0.9 0.8
Sedatives 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.4b 21.3b 21.2b 19.5b 19.5b 18.4 18.0
90331
Table 8.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,494b 5,455b 5,300b 5,041a 4,971 4,726 4,726
Marijuana and Hashish 3,905b 3,745b 3,656b 3,383 3,348 3,147 3,238
Cocaine 508b 438b 411b 423b 411b 383a 305
Crack 100b 95b 63a 54 73b 65a 33
Heroin 51 36 48 37 37 23 42
Hallucinogens 945b 778 753 665 650 627 690
LSD 314b 149 157 150 106b 125a 183
PCP 110b 89 72 85 59 55 61
Ecstasy 547b 329 310 256b 306 329 353
Inhalants 1,078 1,119a 1,168b 1,144a 1,110a 994 978
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,285b 2,295b 2,228b 2,101a 2,181b 2,034 1,913
Pain Relievers 1,870b 1,917b 1,865b 1,741 1,818b 1,681 1,608
OxyContin® -- -- 194 187 199 232 223
Tranquilizers 568 586a 532 497 483 506 482
Stimulants3 665b 578b 507b 506b 547b 416 374
Methamphetamine3 245b 185b 177b 178b 185b 118 94
Sedatives 138 131 133 118 110 111 113
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3,338b 3,351b 3,269b 3,129b 3,146b 2,914 2,850
90331
Table 8.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.2b 21.8b 21.0b 19.9 19.6 18.7 19.0
Marijuana and Hashish 15.8b 15.0b 14.5b 13.3 13.2 12.5 13.0
Cocaine 2.1b 1.8b 1.6b 1.7b 1.6b 1.5a 1.2
Crack 0.4b 0.4b 0.3a 0.2 0.3b 0.3a 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 3.8b 3.1 3.0 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.8
LSD 1.3b 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4b 0.5b 0.7
PCP 0.4b 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.2b 1.3 1.2 1.0b 1.2 1.3 1.4
Inhalants 4.4 4.5a 4.6b 4.5a 4.4 3.9 3.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.2b 9.2b 8.8b 8.3 8.6b 8.1 7.7
Pain Relievers 7.6b 7.7b 7.4b 6.9 7.2a 6.7 6.5
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.3a 2.3a 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9
Stimulants3 2.7b 2.3b 2.0b 2.0b 2.2b 1.6 1.5
Methamphetamine3 1.0b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4
Sedatives 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.5b 13.4b 13.0b 12.3a 12.4a 11.5 11.4
90331
Table 8.6A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,878b 2,811b 2,674b 2,511a 2,481 2,409 2,304
Marijuana and Hashish 2,023b 1,971b 1,909b 1,730 1,689 1,686 1,657
Cocaine 146a 153b 126 142a 110 104 97
Crack 26a 32b 16 25a 12 16 7
Heroin 11 18 15 15 16 3 14
Hallucinogens 255 260 211 205 181a 175b 242
LSD 61 51 38 32 31 30 50
PCP 23 20 11 17 12 9 14
Ecstasy 124 91 77 74 82 65a 105
Inhalants 301 320 312 313 340a 295 268
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 986b 997b 914b 838b 844a 829a 710
Pain Relievers 794b 801b 751b 686b 690b 669a 567
OxyContin® -- -- 66 34 28a 47 49
Tranquilizers 188 226b 161 161 126 182 150
Stimulants3 208b 222b 180b 172a 171a 127 113
Methamphetamine3 71b 70b 58a 72b 53a 34 29
Sedatives 47 47 26 27 45 34 35
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,421b 1,417b 1,328b 1,253b 1,251a 1,181 1,091
90331
Table 8.6B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6b 11.2b 10.6b 9.9 9.8 9.5 9.3
Marijuana and Hashish 8.2b 7.9b 7.6b 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7
Cocaine 0.6a 0.6b 0.5 0.6a 0.4 0.4 0.4
Crack 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7a 0.7b 1.0
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3a 0.4
Inhalants 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.0b 4.0b 3.6b 3.3a 3.3a 3.3a 2.9
Pain Relievers 3.2b 3.2b 3.0b 2.7a 2.7a 2.7a 2.3
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.9b 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7b 0.7a 0.7a 0.5 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.3b 0.2a 0.3b 0.2a 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.7b 5.7b 5.3b 4.9a 4.9a 4.7 4.4
90331
Table 8.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,562 19,195a 19,043 19,222b 19,311b 18,795 18,644
Marijuana and Hashish 16,680 17,103a 16,983 17,032 17,157a 16,620 16,593
Cocaine 4,786 4,755 4,893 4,905 5,130a 4,917 4,730
Crack 1,182b 1,193b 1,135b 1,145b 1,176b 980 904
Heroin 487 516 529 496 511 493 457
Hallucinogens 7,517b 7,377b 6,855b 6,820b 6,614b 6,287b 5,836
LSD 4,928b 4,450b 3,900b 3,417b 2,925b 2,374a 2,145
PCP 834b 948b 737b 716b 637a 539 513
Ecstasy 4,674b 4,683b 4,439b 4,464b 4,382b 4,191 3,992
Inhalants 4,867b 4,729b 4,516b 4,333b 4,089b 3,690a 3,411
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,778b 9,360 9,564 9,990 10,051a 9,790 9,626
Pain Relievers 6,854b 7,513b 7,813 8,279 8,342 8,128 8,042
OxyContin® 820b 1,145b 1,376b 1,616 1,676 1,706 1,736
Tranquilizers 3,473b 3,898 3,919 4,356a 4,274 4,147 4,033
Stimulants3 3,796b 3,873b 3,892b 4,008b 3,922b 3,574 3,460
Methamphetamine3 2,301b 2,192b 2,247b 2,190b 2,102b 1,844b 1,544
Sedatives 648b 565 627a 650b 609 583 506
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 12,436 12,770b 12,630a 12,800b 12,940b 12,555a 12,064
90331
Table 8.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 59.8b 60.5b 59.2b 59.2b 59.0b 57.4 56.6
Marijuana and Hashish 53.8b 53.9b 52.8b 52.4b 52.4b 50.8 50.4
Cocaine 15.4a 15.0 15.2 15.1 15.7b 15.0 14.4
Crack 3.8b 3.8b 3.5b 3.5b 3.6b 3.0 2.7
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4
Hallucinogens 24.2b 23.3b 21.3b 21.0b 20.2b 19.2b 17.7
LSD 15.9b 14.0b 12.1b 10.5b 8.9b 7.3a 6.5
PCP 2.7b 3.0b 2.3b 2.2b 1.9a 1.6 1.6
Ecstasy 15.1b 14.8b 13.8b 13.7b 13.4b 12.8 12.1
Inhalants 15.7b 14.9b 14.0b 13.3b 12.5b 11.3a 10.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 28.3 29.5 29.7 30.8a 30.7a 29.9 29.2
Pain Relievers 22.1b 23.7 24.3 25.5 25.5 24.8 24.4
OxyContin® 2.6b 3.6b 4.3b 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3
Tranquilizers 11.2a 12.3 12.2 13.4b 13.1 12.7 12.2
Stimulants3 12.2b 12.2b 12.1b 12.3b 12.0b 10.9 10.5
Methamphetamine3 7.4b 6.9b 7.0b 6.7b 6.4b 5.6b 4.7
Sedatives 2.1b 1.8 1.9a 2.0b 1.9a 1.8 1.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 40.1b 40.2b 39.2b 39.4b 39.5b 38.4b 36.6
90331
Table 8.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11,000 10,976 10,913 11,117 11,252 10,864 11,021
Marijuana and Hashish 9,238 9,044 8,963 9,111 9,169 8,985 9,087
Cocaine 2,087b 2,098b 2,134b 2,247b 2,259b 2,084a 1,820
Crack 266 275 263 328b 293a 248 214
Heroin 122 96a 118 159 147 142 145
Hallucinogens 2,610b 2,112 1,944 2,051 2,147 2,048 2,108
LSD 553 336b 317b 322b 379a 375b 503
PCP 95b 117b 100b 57a 76b 58a 30
Ecstasy 1,784b 1,164 999b 998b 1,233 1,154 1,287
Inhalants 685b 662a 674b 685b 577 526 533
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4,452b 4,637 4,807 4,915 5,121 4,913 4,868
Pain Relievers 3,540b 3,803 3,834 4,030 4,070 3,970 3,941
OxyContin® -- -- 562 559 574 566 598
Tranquilizers 1,509b 1,682 1,658 1,796 1,785 1,699 1,756
Stimulants3 1,233 1,197 1,280a 1,242 1,375b 1,134 1,113
Methamphetamine3 619b 594b 619b 576b 552b 404b 269
Sedatives 162 156 163 191 185 172 175
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,277 6,266 6,201 6,467 6,627a 6,370 6,227
90331
Table 8.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35.5b 34.6 33.9 34.2 34.4 33.2 33.5
Marijuana and Hashish 29.8b 28.5 27.8 28.0 28.0 27.5 27.6
Cocaine 6.7b 6.6b 6.6b 6.9b 6.9b 6.4b 5.5
Crack 0.9a 0.9a 0.8 1.0b 0.9a 0.8 0.6
Heroin 0.4 0.3a 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Hallucinogens 8.4b 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.4
LSD 1.8 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 1.2a 1.1b 1.5
PCP 0.3b 0.4b 0.3b 0.2a 0.2b 0.2a 0.1
Ecstasy 5.8b 3.7 3.1b 3.1b 3.8 3.5 3.9
Inhalants 2.2b 2.1b 2.1b 2.1b 1.8 1.6 1.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.1 15.6 15.0 14.8
Pain Relievers 11.4 12.0 11.9 12.4 12.4 12.1 12.0
OxyContin® -- -- 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8
Tranquilizers 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.3
Stimulants3 4.0a 3.8 4.0a 3.8 4.2b 3.5 3.4
Methamphetamine3 2.0b 1.9b 1.9b 1.8b 1.7b 1.2b 0.8
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.2a 19.7 19.3 19.9 20.2b 19.5 18.9
90331
Table 8.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,264 6,435 6,239 6,543 6,482 6,464 6,465
Marijuana and Hashish 5,376 5,400 5,196 5,388 5,322 5,378 5,426
Cocaine 631a 696b 692b 832b 729b 573 507
Crack 52 55 80 104b 72 56 53
Heroin 39a 25b 43 59 54 48 74
Hallucinogens 589 545 477 503 563 475 549
LSD 36b 67 83 60 58a 70 97
PCP 15 30a 17 11 14 15 4
Ecstasy 355 230 231 267 326 229a 304
Inhalants 150 134 144 146 129 130 104
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,698b 1,922 1,978 2,046 2,115 1,949 1,943
Pain Relievers 1,262b 1,486 1,504 1,535 1,620 1,517 1,502
OxyContin® -- -- 142 146 139 155 129
Tranquilizers 487 525 566 606 647 571 569
Stimulants3 409 412 479b 468b 456a 352 348
Methamphetamine3 183b 197b 220b 225b 183b 116 74
Sedatives 49 58 49 74 54 72 64
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,459 2,665 2,619 2,850a 2,904b 2,643 2,586
90331
Table 8.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2 20.3 19.4 20.1 19.8 19.7 19.6
Marijuana and Hashish 17.3 17.0 16.1 16.6 16.3 16.4 16.5
Cocaine 2.0b 2.2b 2.1b 2.6b 2.2b 1.7 1.5
Crack 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.7
LSD 0.1b 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.1a 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9
Inhalants 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.5 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0 5.9
Pain Relievers 4.1a 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.6 4.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.7
Stimulants3 1.3a 1.3 1.5b 1.4b 1.4a 1.1 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6b 0.4 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.9 8.4 8.1 8.8a 8.9b 8.1 7.8
90331
Table 8.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 82,051b 83,380b 83,448b 85,841b 85,454b 88,858a 92,161
Marijuana and Hashish 73,162b 74,620b 75,001b 76,111b 76,275b 79,815 81,703
Cocaine 28,453b 29,488a 28,649b 28,185b 29,598a 30,423 31,572
Crack 7,057 6,599a 6,580a 6,675 7,250 7,495 7,462
Heroin 3,087 3,148 2,538a 2,979 3,214 3,233 3,263
Hallucinogens 25,378b 25,736b 26,318b 25,910b 27,682 27,032a 29,155
LSD 18,917b 19,577a 19,185b 18,728b 20,202 20,083 21,133
PCP 6,352 5,955 5,851 5,705 5,853 5,497 6,016
Ecstasy 4,656b 5,619b 6,168b 6,632b 7,406a 7,788 8,400
Inhalants 15,398 15,596 15,521 15,754 16,229 16,365 16,555
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 35,779b 36,269b 36,190b 36,562b 37,743 37,676 39,572
Pain Relievers 19,983b 20,896b 21,076b 21,896b 22,484b 22,481a 24,473
OxyContin® 881b 1,433b 1,392b 1,589b 2,080b 2,289a 2,766
Tranquilizers 14,959b 15,447a 15,117a 15,919 16,289 15,313a 16,725
Stimulants3 18,588a 18,085 17,499 16,105 17,616 17,348 17,076
Methamphetamine3 12,648b 12,565b 11,920 10,154 11,762 10,999 10,859
Sedatives 9,075 8,696 9,012 8,101 7,989 7,599 8,173
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52,578b 53,040b 52,672b 54,078b 55,018b 56,302a 59,022
90331
Table 8.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 45.7b 46.1b 45.6b 46.3a 45.5b 46.8 48.0
Marijuana and Hashish 40.8b 41.2a 41.0a 41.1a 40.6b 42.0 42.6
Cocaine 15.9 16.3 15.6 15.2b 15.8 16.0 16.4
Crack 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.9 3.9
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4a 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hallucinogens 14.1a 14.2a 14.4 14.0b 14.7 14.2a 15.2
LSD 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1a 10.8 10.6 11.0
PCP 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.1
Ecstasy 2.6b 3.1b 3.4b 3.6b 3.9 4.1 4.4
Inhalants 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 20.1 19.8 20.6
Pain Relievers 11.1b 11.5b 11.5b 11.8a 12.0a 11.8a 12.7
OxyContin® 0.5b 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 1.1b 1.2 1.4
Tranquilizers 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.7
Stimulants3 10.4b 10.0b 9.6 8.7 9.4 9.1 8.9
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.5b 5.5 6.3a 5.8 5.7
Sedatives 5.1b 4.8a 4.9a 4.4 4.3 4.0 4.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.3a 29.3a 28.8b 29.2a 29.3a 29.7 30.7
90331
Table 8.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,639 18,562 18,594 18,883 19,552 20,102 19,778
Marijuana and Hashish 12,612 12,441 12,833 12,880 12,860 12,953 13,443
Cocaine 3,307 3,372 3,114 2,852 3,399 3,271 3,130
Crack 1,188a 1,036 978 1,000 1,113 1,137 862
Heroin 231 182 232 184 376 200 266
Hallucinogens 1,194a 1,046 1,182 1,093 1,160 1,088 879
LSD 131 73 117 91 181 120 115
PCP 31 13 38 22 52 25 *
Ecstasy 836b 626 606 705 591 650 499
Inhalants 320 295a 413 358 531 560 536
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,057 8,231 7,814 8,331 9,180 9,334a 8,385
Pain Relievers 5,582a 5,950 5,556a 6,044 6,761 6,815 6,336
OxyContin® -- -- 457 480 549 624 638
Tranquilizers 2,772 2,783 2,878 2,956 2,791 3,077 2,865
Stimulants3 1,482a 1,256 1,467 1,340 1,868b 1,448 1,152
Methamphetamine3 891b 823b 1,012b 849b 1,151b 822b 487
Sedatives 681b 544a 441 441 632b 580a 334
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 10,808 10,689 10,189 10,513 11,481 11,860 10,912
90331
Table 8.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.3
Marijuana and Hashish 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8 7.0
Cocaine 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.6
Crack 0.7b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7b 0.6 0.6a 0.6 0.6a 0.6 0.5
LSD 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.9a 4.9a 4.4
Pain Relievers 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.3
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Tranquilizers 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5
Stimulants3 0.8a 0.7 0.8a 0.7 1.0b 0.8 0.6
Methamphetamine3 0.5b 0.5b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.4b 0.3
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.3b 0.3a 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.0 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1 6.2a 5.7
90331
Table 8.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,380 10,224a 10,159a 10,666 11,394 10,984 11,308
Marijuana and Hashish 7,185a 7,267 7,471 7,508 7,801 7,384 8,120
Cocaine 1,243 1,431 1,204 1,423 1,582 1,399 1,251
Crack 488a 517a 370 553a 618b 537a 300
Heroin 116 76 108 62 268 102 126
Hallucinogens 352 238 241 380 262 346 269
LSD 15 15 20 12 41 45 *
PCP 20 * 21 20 * 17 *
Ecstasy 197 149 142 161 120 209 146
Inhalants 183 117a 181 152 291 191 268
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,602 3,532 3,218 3,607 4,136 4,117 3,571
Pain Relievers 2,321 2,406 2,149a 2,437 2,909 2,987 2,678
OxyContin® -- -- 118a 153 109a 167 256
Tranquilizers 1,129 1,078 889 1,050 993 1,081 1,081
Stimulants3 685a 676a 653 548 757b 573 444
Methamphetamine3 428a 459b 428b 331 495b 380 211
Sedatives 340b 189 190 171 285a 240 134
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,897 4,767 4,301 4,860 5,460 5,446 4,889
90331
Table 8.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.9
Marijuana and Hashish 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.2
Cocaine 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Crack 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3a 0.3b 0.3a 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
PCP 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.2a 2.2 1.9
Pain Relievers 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
Stimulants3 0.4a 0.4a 0.4a 0.3 0.4b 0.3 0.2
Methamphetamine3 0.2b 0.3b 0.2b 0.2 0.3b 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.5
90331
Table 8.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 100,612b 102,574b 102,491b 105,063b 104,765b 107,654a 110,805
Marijuana and Hashish 89,842b 91,723b 91,984b 93,143b 93,431b 96,435 98,296
Cocaine 33,239b 34,243a 33,542b 33,090b 34,728 35,340 36,301
Crack 8,239 7,792 7,715 7,820 8,426 8,475 8,366
Heroin 3,574 3,664 3,067a 3,475 3,725 3,726 3,720
Hallucinogens 32,895a 33,113a 33,173a 32,730a 34,296 33,319 34,990
LSD 23,845 24,027 23,085 22,145 23,128 22,457 23,278
PCP 7,185 6,903 6,587 6,421 6,490 6,035 6,529
Ecstasy 9,330b 10,301b 10,607b 11,096b 11,788 11,979 12,393
Inhalants 20,265 20,325 20,036 20,087 20,318 20,055 19,967
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 44,556b 45,629b 45,754b 46,552a 47,794 47,467 49,198
Pain Relievers 26,836b 28,409b 28,890b 30,175b 30,825a 30,608a 32,515
OxyContin® 1,700b 2,579b 2,767b 3,205b 3,756b 3,995 4,502
Tranquilizers 18,433b 19,346a 19,036a 20,275 20,563 19,460 20,758
Stimulants3 22,384a 21,958a 21,391 20,113 21,538 20,922 20,536
Methamphetamine3 14,949b 14,756b 14,166b 12,344 13,865a 12,843 12,404
Sedatives 9,723 9,261 9,640 8,751 8,598 8,183 8,679
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 65,014b 65,809b 65,302b 66,879b 67,957b 68,857 71,086
90331
Table 8.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 47.8a 48.2 47.6b 48.2 47.5b 48.4 49.3
Marijuana and Hashish 42.7 43.1 42.7 42.8 42.3a 43.3 43.7
Cocaine 15.8 16.1 15.6 15.2a 15.7 15.9 16.1
Crack 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7
Hallucinogens 15.6 15.6 15.4 15.0 15.5 15.0 15.6
LSD 11.3b 11.3b 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.1 10.3
PCP 3.4a 3.2 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9
Ecstasy 4.4b 4.8b 4.9b 5.1 5.3 5.4 5.5
Inhalants 9.6a 9.6a 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.0 8.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 21.2 21.5 21.3 21.4 21.7 21.3 21.9
Pain Relievers 12.8b 13.4b 13.4b 13.9 14.0 13.8 14.5
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.5b 1.7b 1.8 2.0
Tranquilizers 8.8 9.1 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.7 9.2
Stimulants3 10.6b 10.3b 9.9a 9.2 9.8 9.4 9.1
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.6b 5.7 6.3b 5.8 5.5
Sedatives 4.6b 4.4a 4.5a 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 30.9 30.9 30.3a 30.7 30.8 30.9 31.6
90331
Table 8.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29,638 29,538 29,506 29,999 30,804 30,966 30,799
Marijuana and Hashish 21,850 21,486 21,796 21,991 22,030 21,938 22,531
Cocaine 5,394 5,470 5,247 5,099 5,658a 5,355 4,950
Crack 1,454a 1,310 1,241 1,327 1,406a 1,386a 1,075
Heroin 353 278 350 343 523 342 411
Hallucinogens 3,804b 3,158 3,125 3,144 3,307 3,135 2,988
LSD 684 409b 434b 413b 560 495 619
PCP 126b 130b 138b 79a 128a 82a 38
Ecstasy 2,621b 1,790 1,605 1,703 1,824 1,804 1,786
Inhalants 1,005 956 1,087 1,043 1,108 1,086 1,069
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 12,509 12,868 12,621 13,246 14,301a 14,246 13,253
Pain Relievers 9,122b 9,753 9,391a 10,074 10,832 10,785 10,277
OxyContin® -- -- 1,019 1,039 1,124 1,190 1,235
Tranquilizers 4,281 4,465 4,536 4,752 4,575 4,776 4,621
Stimulants3 2,716a 2,453 2,747a 2,581 3,243b 2,582 2,265
Methamphetamine3 1,510b 1,417b 1,631b 1,425b 1,704b 1,226b 756
Sedatives 843b 700 604 632 817b 752a 509
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 17,086 16,954 16,389 16,980 18,108 18,230 17,140
90331
Table 8.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.1 13.9 13.7 13.8 14.0 13.9 13.7
Marijuana and Hashish 10.4 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.0 9.9 10.0
Cocaine 2.6b 2.6b 2.4 2.3 2.6b 2.4 2.2
Crack 0.7b 0.6 0.6 0.6a 0.6a 0.6a 0.5
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.8b 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5a 1.4 1.3
LSD 0.3 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3 0.2 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.0a 0.1a 0.0a 0.0
Ecstasy 1.2b 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.1 6.5b 6.4a 5.9
Pain Relievers 4.3 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.9 4.8 4.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Stimulants3 1.3b 1.2 1.3b 1.2a 1.5b 1.2 1.0
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.6b 0.3
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.4b 0.3a 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.1 8.0 7.6 7.8 8.2a 8.2a 7.6
90331
Table 8.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,644a 16,659 16,397a 17,209 17,876 17,448 17,773
Marijuana and Hashish 12,561a 12,667 12,667 12,896 13,124 12,762 13,546
Cocaine 1,874 2,128 1,895 2,255b 2,311b 1,972 1,757
Crack 541a 572a 451 657b 689b 594a 352
Heroin 155 101a 151 121 322 150 199
Hallucinogens 941 783 719 883 825 821 818
LSD 51a 82 103 72 99 115 104
PCP 35 35 37 31 18 32 *
Ecstasy 553 379 373 428 446 438 450
Inhalants 334 250 325 298 421 321 372
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5,300 5,453 5,196 5,653 6,251a 6,066 5,514
Pain Relievers 3,583a 3,892 3,653a 3,972 4,530 4,505 4,180
OxyContin® -- -- 260 299 248a 322 386
Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 1,455 1,657 1,640 1,652 1,650
Stimulants3 1,094a 1,088a 1,132b 1,016a 1,214b 926 791
Methamphetamine3 612b 655b 648b 556b 677b 496a 285
Sedatives 389b 247 239 245 340 312 199
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7,356 7,432 6,920 7,710 8,364a 8,089 7,474
90331
Table 8.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.9 8.1 7.8 7.9
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7 6.0
Cocaine 0.9 1.0a 0.9 1.0b 1.0b 0.9 0.8
Crack 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3b 0.3b 0.3a 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.8b 2.7 2.5
Pain Relievers 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.1 2.0 1.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.5a 0.6b 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.2a 0.1
Sedatives 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.8b 3.6 3.3
90331
Table 8.16A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,035b 3,968b 3,956b 3,679b 3,653b 3,489 3,310
Marijuana and Hashish 2,714b 2,569b 2,552b 2,348 2,310 2,226 2,184
Cocaine 337b 319b 339b 283a 256 257 217
Crack 61a 89b 60a 48 51 43 31
Heroin 34 34 43 32 25 28 37
Hallucinogens 740b 618b 616b 518 510 477 501
LSD 364b 206a 174 177 124 109 146
PCP 106b 100b 97a 97a 53 52 56
Ecstasy 376b 257 243 181 201 215 227
Inhalants 1,426b 1,390b 1,429b 1,360b 1,301b 1,220a 1,072
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,643b 1,639b 1,616b 1,444b 1,557b 1,436a 1,255
Pain Relievers 1,362b 1,391b 1,378b 1,211a 1,312b 1,195a 1,064
OxyContin® 112a 146 162 136 158 172 159
Tranquilizers 385 398a 353 342 315 323 316
Stimulants3 469b 472b 387b 364b 398b 301 246
Methamphetamine3 150b 160b 140b 133b 126b 81 66
Sedatives 84 126 128a 110 97 89 89
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,726b 2,711b 2,721b 2,488b 2,522b 2,369a 2,164
90331
Table 8.16B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 31.9b 31.1b 30.7b 28.4b 28.2b 27.1 26.0
Marijuana and Hashish 21.5b 20.1b 19.8b 18.1 17.8 17.3 17.2
Cocaine 2.7b 2.5b 2.6b 2.2a 2.0 2.0 1.7
Crack 0.5a 0.7b 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.8b 4.8a 4.8a 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.9
LSD 2.9b 1.6a 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.8a 1.1
PCP 0.8b 0.8b 0.8a 0.7a 0.4 0.4 0.4
Ecstasy 3.0b 2.0 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.8
Inhalants 11.3b 10.9b 11.1b 10.5b 10.0b 9.5a 8.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.0b 12.8b 12.6b 11.1a 12.0b 11.1a 9.9
Pain Relievers 10.8b 10.9b 10.7b 9.4a 10.1b 9.3 8.4
OxyContin® 0.9a 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2
Tranquilizers 3.0a 3.1a 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5
Stimulants3 3.7b 3.7b 3.0b 2.8b 3.1b 2.3 1.9
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 1.3b 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 0.6 0.5
Sedatives 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.6b 21.2b 21.1b 19.2b 19.4b 18.4a 17.0
90331
Table 8.17A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,607b 3,663b 3,610b 3,342 3,357 3,132 3,210
Marijuana and Hashish 2,391b 2,318b 2,236b 2,055 2,084 1,858 1,924
Cocaine 333a 330a 272 300 314 285 255
Crack 102b 68 66 60 77 64 48
Heroin 60a 45 35 28 35 26 31
Hallucinogens 680b 632b 543 480 476 419 472
LSD 306b 191b 139 111 94 90 122
PCP 127b 104b 77a 85b 75a 52 46
Ecstasy 444b 346 280 218b 273 232a 304
Inhalants 1,179 1,281 1,333 1,298 1,261 1,202 1,235
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,759b 1,733b 1,787b 1,575 1,613 1,513 1,517
Pain Relievers 1,412 1,407 1,500b 1,305 1,335 1,256 1,282
OxyContin® 112b 108b 143 140 184 188 182
Tranquilizers 450 476 464 424 426 425 402
Stimulants3 643b 574b 519a 506 532a 431 424
Methamphetamine3 266b 222b 206b 185a 216b 142 129
Sedatives 154 123 123 122 126 125 114
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,559b 2,607b 2,634b 2,456 2,427 2,269 2,324
90331
Table 8.17B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29.8b 30.0b 29.3b 26.9 27.0 25.4 26.3
Marijuana and Hashish 19.7b 19.0b 18.1b 16.6 16.8 15.0 15.8
Cocaine 2.8a 2.7a 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.1
Crack 0.8b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.5a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.6b 5.2b 4.4 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.9
LSD 2.5b 1.6b 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.0
PCP 1.0b 0.8b 0.6a 0.7b 0.6a 0.4 0.4
Ecstasy 3.7b 2.8 2.3 1.8b 2.2 1.9a 2.5
Inhalants 9.7 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1 9.7 10.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.5b 14.2b 14.5b 12.7 13.0 12.3 12.4
Pain Relievers 11.7a 11.5 12.2b 10.5 10.7 10.2 10.5
OxyContin® 0.9b 0.9b 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.5
Tranquilizers 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3
Stimulants3 5.3b 4.7b 4.2a 4.1 4.3a 3.5 3.5
Methamphetamine3 2.2b 1.8b 1.7b 1.5a 1.7b 1.1 1.1
Sedatives 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.1b 21.3b 21.4b 19.8 19.5 18.4 19.1
90331
Table 8.18A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,842b 2,776b 2,653b 2,557 2,525 2,499 2,419
Marijuana and Hashish 2,064b 1,955b 1,918b 1,796 1,744 1,748 1,724
Cocaine 263b 222a 223a 208 178 174 159
Crack 36 47b 31 23 32 25 18
Heroin 20 17 32 17 14 16 27
Hallucinogens 501b 386 389 352 318 339 376
LSD 183b 73a 94 92 51b 76a 116
PCP 46 44 39 44 26 32 35
Ecstasy 262b 142 141 125 129 165 164
Inhalants 586b 554 587b 538 521 500 467
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,091b 1,090b 974a 962 1,052b 970 863
Pain Relievers 913b 930b 837a 818 882b 816 728
OxyContin® -- -- 99 101 95 107 122
Tranquilizers 249 258 226 229 195 215 225
Stimulants3 294b 253b 210b 194a 224b 173 141
Methamphetamine3 97b 82b 69b 78b 74b 39 33
Sedatives 45 67 59 51 56 42 46
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,683b 1,637b 1,537a 1,479 1,540a 1,444 1,377
90331
Table 8.18B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.5b 21.7b 20.6a 19.7 19.5 19.4 19.0
Marijuana and Hashish 16.3b 15.3b 14.9a 13.9 13.4 13.6 13.6
Cocaine 2.1b 1.7a 1.7a 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3
Crack 0.3 0.4b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 4.0b 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6 3.0
LSD 1.5b 0.6a 0.7 0.7 0.4b 0.6a 0.9
PCP 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Ecstasy 2.1b 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.3
Inhalants 4.6b 4.3 4.6a 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8.6b 8.5b 7.6 7.4 8.1b 7.5 6.8
Pain Relievers 7.2b 7.3b 6.5 6.3 6.8b 6.3 5.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8
Stimulants3 2.3b 2.0b 1.6b 1.5a 1.7b 1.3 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.6b 0.3 0.3
Sedatives 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.3b 12.8b 11.9a 11.4 11.9 11.2 10.8
90331
Table 8.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,652b 2,679b 2,648b 2,484a 2,447 2,228 2,307
Marijuana and Hashish 1,841b 1,790b 1,738b 1,587 1,604 1,399 1,514
Cocaine 245b 216b 188 215b 233b 209a 146
Crack 64b 48b 32 31 41b 40a 16
Heroin 31 19 16 20 23 8 15
Hallucinogens 444b 392a 364 313 332 288 314
LSD 131b 76 63 59 55 50 67
PCP 64b 44 33 41 33 23 26
Ecstasy 285b 188 169 131a 177 163 189
Inhalants 492 565 581 606a 590 494 512
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,194a 1,205a 1,254b 1,139 1,129 1,064 1,050
Pain Relievers 957 987 1,028a 922 936 864 880
OxyContin® -- -- 95 87 104 125 102
Tranquilizers 319 328a 307 268 288 291 257
Stimulants3 371b 325b 297a 312a 324b 242 233
Methamphetamine3 148b 103a 108a 100a 111a 79 61
Sedatives 93 64 75 67 53 69 66
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,655a 1,714b 1,732b 1,650a 1,605 1,470 1,473
90331
Table 8.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 21.9b 21.9b 21.5b 20.0 19.7 18.0 18.9
Marijuana and Hashish 15.2b 14.6b 14.1b 12.8 12.9 11.3 12.4
Cocaine 2.0b 1.8b 1.5 1.7b 1.9b 1.7a 1.2
Crack 0.5b 0.4b 0.3 0.3 0.3b 0.3a 0.1
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.7b 3.2a 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.6
LSD 1.1b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5
PCP 0.5b 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.4b 1.5 1.4 1.1a 1.4 1.3 1.6
Inhalants 4.1 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.7 4.0 4.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.9a 9.9a 10.2b 9.2 9.1 8.6 8.6
Pain Relievers 7.9 8.1 8.3a 7.4 7.5 7.0 7.2
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8
Tranquilizers 2.6a 2.7a 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1
Stimulants3 3.1b 2.7b 2.4 2.5a 2.6a 2.0 1.9
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 0.8a 0.9a 0.8a 0.9a 0.6 0.5
Sedatives 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.7b 14.0b 14.0b 13.3a 12.9 11.9 12.1
90331
Table 8.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,560b 1,457b 1,360b 1,313 1,272 1,291 1,201
Marijuana and Hashish 1,152b 1,093b 1,037a 967 888 968 921
Cocaine 77 70 75 79 48 48 60
Crack 10 22a 9 14 5 4 6
Heroin 6 8 11 11 3 3 8
Hallucinogens 130 138 120 98a 86b 102a 145
LSD 37 27 23 24 10b 24 34
PCP 11 14 7 8 6 9 8
Ecstasy 58 37 45 32a 38 34 58
Inhalants 159 139 141 160 156 158 135
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 460b 478b 413b 400b 403a 391a 312
Pain Relievers 376b 385b 337b 325a 330a 324a 250
OxyContin® -- -- 29 17 18 25 33
Tranquilizers 70 111b 76 84 46 84 62
Stimulants3 106b 107b 89a 79 80 48 55
Methamphetamine3 40 32 24 39a 24 10 16
Sedatives 6 27a 4 9 21 15 8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 705b 682b 626a 616 603 582 534
90331
Table 8.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.3b 11.4b 10.6a 10.1 9.8 10.0 9.5
Marijuana and Hashish 9.1b 8.6b 8.1 7.5 6.8 7.5 7.3
Cocaine 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.5
Crack 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8a 0.7b 0.8a 1.1
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1b 0.2 0.3
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.5
Inhalants 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3.6b 3.7b 3.2b 3.1a 3.1a 3.0a 2.5
Pain Relievers 3.0b 3.0b 2.6b 2.5a 2.5a 2.5a 2.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.9b 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.8b 0.7a 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.0 0.2a 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.6b 5.3b 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.2
90331
Table 8.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,318b 1,355b 1,314b 1,198 1,210 1,118 1,103
Marijuana and Hashish 871b 878b 872a 763 801 718 735
Cocaine 68a 83b 51 63a 61 56 37
Crack 16 10a 6 12a 7 12a 1
Heroin 5 10 4 4 13 * 5
Hallucinogens 126 122 91 107 95 73 97
LSD 23 23 15 8 21 6 16
PCP 11 6 4 9 6 * 5
Ecstasy 66 54 32 41 44 31 47
Inhalants 143 181 171 153 185a 136 134
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 527b 519b 501a 439 441 438 398
Pain Relievers 418b 416b 414b 361 360 345 317
OxyContin® -- -- 37a 17 10 22 16
Tranquilizers 117 115 86 76 80 98 87
Stimulants3 102b 115b 91a 93a 90a 80 58
Methamphetamine3 31a 38b 34a 32a 29 24 13
Sedatives 41 20 22 18 24 19 27
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 715b 735b 702b 637 648a 599 556
90331
Table 8.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.9b 11.1b 10.6b 9.7 9.7 9.1 9.1
Marijuana and Hashish 7.2b 7.2a 7.1a 6.2 6.4 5.8 6.0
Cocaine 0.6a 0.7b 0.4 0.5a 0.5 0.5 0.3
Crack 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.8
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Inhalants 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.5a 1.1 1.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.4b 4.2b 4.1a 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3
Pain Relievers 3.5b 3.4b 3.4b 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Tranquilizers 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7 0.8a 0.7a 0.6 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3b 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.9b 6.0b 5.7b 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.6
90406
Table 8.22A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 71,499 70,757 70,257 71,519 72,873 70,939 70,868
Cigarettes 61,136 60,434 59,896 60,532 61,565 60,069 59,781
Smokeless Tobacco 7,787a 7,725a 7,154b 7,682a 8,231 8,051 8,670
Cigars 12,751 12,837 13,727 13,640 13,708 13,263 13,126
Pipe Tobacco 1,816 1,619 1,835 2,190 2,321a 2,046 1,877
ALCOHOL 119,820b 118,965b 120,934b 126,028a 125,309b 126,760 128,974
Binge Alcohol Use2 53,787b 53,770b 54,725b 55,090b 56,575 57,778 58,096
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,860a 16,144a 16,689 16,035a 16,946 17,010 17,292
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 41,991 41,288 41,569 42,175 43,389 42,369 41,881
Cigarettes 32,636 32,263 32,278 32,312 33,220 32,607 31,942
Smokeless Tobacco 7,242a 7,096b 6,730b 7,174b 7,843 7,589 8,215
Cigars 10,669 10,372 11,375 11,355 11,092 10,940 10,900
Pipe Tobacco 1,487 1,400 1,579 1,877a 2,023a 1,797 1,486
ALCOHOL 65,210b 65,927b 66,317b 68,497 68,025a 68,088a 69,989
Binge Alcohol Use2 35,456b 35,565b 36,195b 36,025b 37,298 38,128 38,292
Heavy Alcohol Use2 12,216 11,958 12,388 12,172 12,775 12,786 12,882
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29,509 29,469 28,688 29,344 29,484 28,570 28,986
Cigarettes 28,500 28,171 27,618 28,220 28,345 27,462 27,839
Smokeless Tobacco 545 628 424 508 388 461 455
Cigars 2,082 2,465 2,352 2,285 2,616a 2,323 2,226
Pipe Tobacco 330 219b 256 313 298 249a 391
ALCOHOL 54,610b 53,038b 54,616b 57,531 57,283 58,672 58,986
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,331a 18,205b 18,530a 19,065 19,276 19,651 19,805
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,645b 4,186 4,301 3,863a 4,172 4,225 4,410
90406
Table 8.22B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4b 29.8b 29.2 29.4a 29.6a 28.6 28.4
Cigarettes 26.0b 25.4b 24.9a 24.9a 25.0a 24.2 23.9
Smokeless Tobacco 3.3 3.3 3.0b 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.5
Cigars 5.4 5.4 5.7a 5.6 5.6 5.4 5.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9a 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 51.0 50.1b 50.3a 51.8 50.9 51.1 51.6
Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9 22.6 22.8 22.7 23.0 23.3 23.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.9 6.9
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0b 35.9 35.7 35.8 36.4a 35.2 34.5
Cigarettes 28.7b 28.1b 27.7a 27.4 27.8a 27.1 26.3
Smokeless Tobacco 6.4 6.2 5.8b 6.1a 6.6 6.3 6.8
Cigars 9.4 9.0 9.8a 9.6 9.3 9.1 9.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6a 1.7b 1.5 1.2
ALCOHOL 57.4 57.3 56.9 58.1 57.0 56.6 57.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2 30.9 31.1 30.5 31.2 31.7 31.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.7 10.6 10.6
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3b 24.0a 23.1 23.4 23.3 22.4 22.5
Cigarettes 23.4b 23.0a 22.3 22.5 22.4 21.5 21.7
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Cigars 1.7 2.0a 1.9 1.8 2.1a 1.8 1.7
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2a 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2a 0.3
ALCOHOL 44.9 43.2b 44.0a 45.9 45.2 46.0 45.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.2 15.4 15.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.0a 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.4
90406
Table 8.23A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 3,767b 3,610b 3,635b 3,324b 3,275b 3,128b 2,844
Cigarettes 3,209b 3,044b 2,998b 2,733b 2,634b 2,482a 2,261
Smokeless Tobacco 487 511 571 523 601 617 547
Cigars 1,117b 1,115b 1,201b 1,064a 1,047 1,070a 944
Pipe Tobacco 137 160 178 158 168 182 176
ALCOHOL 4,365b 4,425b 4,436b 4,191b 4,222b 4,021b 3,635
Binge Alcohol Use2 2,641b 2,658b 2,794b 2,513b 2,614b 2,447b 2,189
Heavy Alcohol Use2 630b 652b 671b 611b 603a 591a 491
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 2,019b 1,988b 1,972b 1,843b 1,810b 1,816b 1,598
Cigarettes 1,556b 1,514b 1,453b 1,387b 1,302b 1,285a 1,141
Smokeless Tobacco 436 479 521 476 546 566 492
Cigars 790a 789a 852b 748 716 778a 677
Pipe Tobacco 89 121 110 109 113 117 98
ALCOHOL 2,200b 2,185b 2,216b 2,057b 2,111b 2,045b 1,810
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,441b 1,421b 1,496b 1,341b 1,388b 1,366b 1,131
Heavy Alcohol Use2 395b 374a 407b 383a 368a 366a 293
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 1,748b 1,622b 1,663b 1,481b 1,464b 1,312 1,246
Cigarettes 1,653b 1,530b 1,545b 1,345b 1,332b 1,197 1,120
Smokeless Tobacco 51 32a 50 47 55 51 55
Cigars 327 326 349a 316 331a 293 267
Pipe Tobacco 49 40b 68 49 54 65 78
ALCOHOL 2,165b 2,241b 2,220b 2,134b 2,110b 1,975 1,825
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,200a 1,237b 1,298b 1,172 1,225b 1,082 1,058
Heavy Alcohol Use2 235 278b 264a 229 235 225 198
90406
Table 8.23B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2b 14.4b 14.4b 13.1b 12.9b 12.4a 11.4
Cigarettes 13.0b 12.2b 11.9b 10.8b 10.4b 9.8a 9.1
Smokeless Tobacco 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.4 2.2
Cigars 4.5b 4.5b 4.8b 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.8
Pipe Tobacco 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 17.6b 17.7b 17.6b 16.5b 16.6b 15.9b 14.6
Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7b 10.6b 11.1b 9.9b 10.3b 9.7b 8.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.5b 2.6b 2.7b 2.4a 2.4a 2.3 2.0
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0b 15.6b 15.3b 14.2b 14.0a 14.1b 12.6
Cigarettes 12.3b 11.9b 11.3b 10.7b 10.0a 10.0a 9.0
Smokeless Tobacco 3.4 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.2 4.4 3.9
Cigars 6.2a 6.2a 6.6b 5.8 5.5 6.0 5.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 17.4b 17.1b 17.2b 15.9b 16.3b 15.9b 14.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4b 11.1b 11.6b 10.4b 10.7b 10.6b 8.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1b 2.9a 3.2b 3.0a 2.8a 2.8 2.3
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4b 13.3b 13.5b 11.9b 11.8b 10.6 10.2
Cigarettes 13.6b 12.5b 12.5b 10.8b 10.7b 9.7 9.2
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.3a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Cigars 2.7 2.7 2.8a 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.3b 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
ALCOHOL 17.9b 18.3b 18.0b 17.2b 17.0b 16.0 15.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 9.9a 10.1b 10.5b 9.4 9.9a 8.8 8.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.9 2.3b 2.1a 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6
90406
Table 8.24A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14,049 14,201b 14,359b 14,382b 14,384b 13,694 13,629
Cigarettes 12,650b 12,764b 12,731b 12,667b 12,582b 11,835 11,757
Smokeless Tobacco 1,502b 1,486b 1,589a 1,664 1,706 1,721 1,772
Cigars 3,417a 3,623 4,103b 3,895 3,972 3,873 3,721
Pipe Tobacco 332b 292b 396 471 431 394 456
ALCOHOL 18,759b 19,466b 19,474b 19,783 20,282 20,034 20,148
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,699b 13,188 13,271 13,597 13,814 13,675 13,510
Heavy Alcohol Use2 4,625 4,788 4,848 4,967 5,093 4,819 4,761
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 8,097 8,226 8,368 8,425a 8,409a 8,238 8,093
Cigarettes 6,897a 7,040b 7,041b 7,007b 6,909a 6,673 6,548
Smokeless Tobacco 1,455b 1,418b 1,532 1,588 1,635 1,636 1,698
Cigars 2,605a 2,758 3,179b 2,997 3,078a 3,041 2,855
Pipe Tobacco 262a 228b 335 372 355 313 335
ALCOHOL 10,129b 10,652 10,501 10,830 10,869 10,757 10,660
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,787 8,163 8,101 8,442b 8,284 8,204 8,011
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,282 3,372 3,434 3,545 3,461 3,278 3,290
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 5,952b 5,975b 5,990b 5,957b 5,974b 5,456 5,536
Cigarettes 5,753b 5,724b 5,690b 5,660b 5,673b 5,161 5,210
Smokeless Tobacco 47 67 56 75 71 85 74
Cigars 813 865 924 898 894 832 866
Pipe Tobacco 69a 65b 61b 100 76a 81 121
ALCOHOL 8,630b 8,814b 8,974b 8,953b 9,413 9,277 9,489
Binge Alcohol Use2 4,911b 5,025b 5,170a 5,155a 5,531 5,471 5,499
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1,343 1,417 1,414 1,422 1,632 1,541 1,471
90406
Table 8.24B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3b 44.8b 44.6b 44.3b 43.9b 41.8 41.4
Cigarettes 40.8b 40.2b 39.5b 39.0b 38.4b 36.2 35.7
Smokeless Tobacco 4.8 4.7a 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4
Cigars 11.0 11.4 12.7b 12.0 12.1a 11.8 11.3
Pipe Tobacco 1.1a 0.9b 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.4
ALCOHOL 60.5 61.4 60.5 60.9 61.9 61.2 61.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9 41.6 41.2 41.9 42.2 41.8 41.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.6a 14.7 14.5
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1b 51.7b 51.7b 51.6b 51.0a 50.0 48.8
Cigarettes 44.4b 44.2b 43.5b 42.9b 41.9a 40.5 39.5
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4 8.9b 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.9 10.3
Cigars 16.8 17.3 19.7b 18.3 18.7a 18.4 17.2
Pipe Tobacco 1.7 1.4b 2.1 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.0
ALCOHOL 65.2 66.9b 64.9 66.3a 65.9 65.3 64.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2 51.3b 50.1 51.7b 50.2 49.8 48.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.7a 21.0 19.9 19.9
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4b 37.8b 37.4b 36.9b 36.8b 33.6 33.8
Cigarettes 37.1b 36.2b 35.5b 35.0b 34.9b 31.8 31.8
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Cigars 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.3
Pipe Tobacco 0.4a 0.4a 0.4b 0.6 0.5a 0.5 0.7
ALCOHOL 55.7a 55.8a 56.0a 55.4b 57.9 57.1 58.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7a 31.8a 32.3 31.9 34.0 33.7 33.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8.7 9.0 8.8 8.8 10.0a 9.5 9.0
90406
Table 8.25A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 53,683 52,946 52,263 53,813 55,215 54,118 54,395
Cigarettes 45,278 44,626 44,166 45,133 46,349 45,752 45,762
Smokeless Tobacco 5,797 5,728 4,994b 5,495a 5,924 5,713 6,351
Cigars 8,217 8,099 8,423 8,681 8,690 8,320 8,462
Pipe Tobacco 1,347 1,166 1,261 1,561 1,723a 1,470 1,244
ALCOHOL 96,696b 95,073b 97,023b 102,054a 100,805b 102,705 105,191
Binge Alcohol Use2 38,447b 37,924b 38,661b 38,980b 40,147a 41,656 42,397
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10,605b 10,704a 11,170 10,457b 11,251 11,600 12,040
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 31,874 31,074 31,229 31,907 33,169 32,315 32,191
Cigarettes 24,184 23,709 23,784 23,917 25,009 24,648 24,253
Smokeless Tobacco 5,351 5,199a 4,677b 5,110a 5,661 5,387 6,025
Cigars 7,274 6,825 7,344 7,610 7,298 7,122 7,369
Pipe Tobacco 1,136 1,051 1,133 1,396 1,555a 1,367 1,053
ALCOHOL 52,880b 53,090b 53,601b 55,610a 55,045b 55,286a 57,519
Binge Alcohol Use2 26,227b 25,981b 26,598b 26,242b 27,627a 28,558 29,150
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8,539 8,212a 8,548 8,245a 8,946 9,142 9,299
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 21,809 21,872 21,034 21,906 22,045 21,802 22,205
Cigarettes 21,094 20,918 20,382 21,215 21,340 21,104 21,510
Smokeless Tobacco 447 529 318 385 262 325 326
Cigars 942 1,274 1,079 1,071 1,391 1,198 1,093
Pipe Tobacco 212 115 128 165 168 103 191
ALCOHOL 43,816b 41,983b 43,423b 46,444 45,759a 47,419 47,671
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,220 11,943a 12,063a 12,738 12,520 13,098 13,247
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2,067b 2,492 2,623 2,212a 2,305 2,458 2,741
90406
Table 8.25B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9a 29.3 28.5 29.0 29.4 28.5 28.3
Cigarettes 25.2a 24.7 24.1 24.3 24.7 24.1 23.8
Smokeless Tobacco 3.2 3.2 2.7b 3.0 3.2 3.0 3.3
Cigars 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9a 0.8 0.6
ALCOHOL 53.9 52.5b 53.0a 55.1 53.7 54.1 54.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4 21.0a 21.1 21.0a 21.4 21.9 22.1
Heavy Alcohol Use2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6a 6.0 6.1 6.3
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3a 36.0 35.7 36.0 36.9a 35.6 35.0
Cigarettes 28.3a 27.5 27.2 27.0 27.8 27.1 26.4
Smokeless Tobacco 6.3 6.0 5.3b 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.5
Cigars 8.5 7.9 8.4 8.6 8.1 7.8 8.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6a 1.7b 1.5 1.1
ALCOHOL 61.9 61.5 61.3 62.7 61.2 60.8 62.5
Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7 30.1 30.4 29.6a 30.7 31.4 31.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0 9.5 9.8 9.3 10.0 10.1 10.1
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2 23.1 22.0 22.6 22.5 22.0 22.2
Cigarettes 22.5 22.1 21.3 21.9 21.8 21.3 21.5
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cigars 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.4a 1.2 1.1
Pipe Tobacco 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
ALCOHOL 46.6 44.3b 45.4a 48.0 46.7 47.9 47.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0 12.6 12.6 13.2 12.8 13.2 13.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.2a 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
90406
Table 8.26A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 67,732 67,147 66,622 68,195 69,598 67,812 68,024
Cigarettes 57,928 57,391 56,897 57,799 58,932 57,587 57,520
Smokeless Tobacco 7,299a 7,214a 6,583b 7,158a 7,630 7,434 8,123
Cigars 11,634 11,722 12,526 12,576 12,662 12,193 12,183
Pipe Tobacco 1,679 1,458 1,657 2,032 2,154a 1,864 1,700
ALCOHOL 115,455b 114,539b 116,498b 121,837a 121,087b 122,739 125,339
Binge Alcohol Use2 51,146b 51,112b 51,931b 52,577b 53,961 55,331 55,907
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,231b 15,492a 16,018 15,424a 16,344 16,420 16,801
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39,972 39,300 39,597 40,332 41,578 40,553 40,283
Cigarettes 31,080 30,749 30,825 30,924 31,918 31,322 30,801
Smokeless Tobacco 6,806a 6,618b 6,209b 6,698b 7,297 7,023 7,723
Cigars 9,879 9,583 10,523 10,607 10,376 10,163 10,223
Pipe Tobacco 1,398 1,279 1,469 1,768 1,910a 1,680 1,388
ALCOHOL 63,009b 63,742b 64,101b 66,440a 65,914b 66,043a 68,179
Binge Alcohol Use2 34,014b 34,144b 34,699b 34,684b 35,910 36,762 37,161
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11,821 11,584a 11,981 11,790 12,407 12,420 12,589
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 27,761 27,847 27,025 27,863 28,020 27,258 27,740
Cigarettes 26,847 26,641 26,072 26,875 27,013 26,266 26,719
Smokeless Tobacco 493 596 374 460 333 411 400
Cigars 1,755 2,139 2,003 1,969 2,286 2,030 1,959
Pipe Tobacco 281 179a 189 264 244 184a 313
ALCOHOL 52,446b 50,797b 52,396b 55,397 55,173a 56,697 57,160
Binge Alcohol Use2 17,132b 16,968b 17,232b 17,893 18,051 18,569 18,747
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,409b 3,908 4,037 3,634a 3,937 4,000 4,212
90406
Table 8.26B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 32.2b 31.6a 30.9 31.3a 31.5a 30.5 30.2
Cigarettes 27.5b 27.0b 26.4 26.5 26.7a 25.9 25.6
Smokeless Tobacco 3.5 3.4 3.1b 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.6
Cigars 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.5 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0a 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 54.9 53.9b 54.1b 55.9 54.9 55.1 55.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 24.3 24.0 24.1 24.1 24.5 24.9 24.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.5
MALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39.6b 38.4 38.2 38.4 39.1a 37.8 37.1
Cigarettes 30.8b 30.1a 29.8 29.5 30.0a 29.2 28.4
Smokeless Tobacco 6.7 6.5 6.0b 6.4a 6.9 6.5 7.1
Cigars 9.8 9.4 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.5 9.4
Pipe Tobacco 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.7a 1.8b 1.6 1.3
ALCOHOL 62.4 62.4 61.9 63.3 62.0 61.5 62.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 33.7 33.4 33.5 33.0 33.8 34.2 34.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11.7 11.3 11.6 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.6
FEMALE              
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 25.4a 25.2a 24.2 24.7 24.5 23.7 23.8
Cigarettes 24.5a 24.1 23.3 23.8 23.6 22.8 23.0
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
Cigars 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0a 1.8 1.7
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.3
ALCOHOL 47.9 46.0b 46.9b 49.1 48.3 49.2 49.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.7 15.4 15.4 15.8 15.8 16.1 16.1
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1a 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.6
90406
Table 8.27A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
Lifetime 20,911a 20,936b 20,709a 20,671 20,574 20,370 19,886
Past Year 17,492 17,554 17,568 17,729a 17,598a 17,359 16,882
Past Month 10,713a 10,876b 10,838b 10,819b 10,823b 10,730a 10,069
Binge Alcohol Use1 7,175a 7,190a 7,397b 7,197a 7,239b 7,172a 6,637
Heavy Alcohol Use1 2,301 2,297 2,375a 2,296 2,359a 2,313 2,113
MALE              
Lifetime 10,719a 10,537 10,624 10,500 10,647a 10,463 10,151
Past Year 8,847 8,735 8,946 8,927 9,064a 8,895 8,503
Past Month 5,619 5,720a 5,723a 5,658 5,752a 5,609 5,284
Binge Alcohol Use1 4,140a 4,162b 4,271b 4,175a 4,192b 4,158b 3,751
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,544a 1,506 1,582a 1,492 1,561a 1,532 1,363
FEMALE              
Lifetime 10,192 10,399b 10,085 10,171 9,927 9,907 9,735
Past Year 8,645 8,819 8,622 8,802 8,534 8,464 8,379
Past Month 5,094 5,156a 5,115 5,160a 5,072 5,122a 4,785
Binge Alcohol Use1 3,035 3,027 3,127 3,022 3,047 3,015 2,886
Heavy Alcohol Use1 756 791 793 803 798 781 750
90406
Table 8.27B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2008
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL              
Lifetime 56.2b 55.8b 54.9b 53.9b 53.9b 52.9 52.2
Past Year 47.0b 46.8b 46.6b 46.3b 46.1b 45.1 44.3
Past Month 28.8b 29.0b 28.7b 28.2b 28.3b 27.9a 26.4
Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3b 19.2b 19.6b 18.8b 19.0b 18.6a 17.4
Heavy Alcohol Use1 6.2a 6.1a 6.3a 6.0 6.2a 6.0 5.5
MALE              
Lifetime 56.5b 55.0b 54.9b 53.7a 54.0b 53.0 52.0
Past Year 46.6b 45.6b 46.3b 45.6b 46.0b 45.1a 43.5
Past Month 29.6b 29.9b 29.6b 28.9a 29.2b 28.4 27.1
Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8b 21.7b 22.1b 21.3b 21.3b 21.1b 19.2
Heavy Alcohol Use1 8.1b 7.9a 8.2b 7.6 7.9a 7.8 7.0
FEMALE              
Lifetime 56.0b 56.6b 54.8b 54.2a 53.7 52.8 52.4
Past Year 47.5b 48.0b 46.9a 46.9a 46.2 45.1 45.1
Past Month 28.0b 28.1b 27.8b 27.5a 27.4a 27.3a 25.8
Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7 16.5 17.0a 16.1 16.5 16.1 15.5
Heavy Alcohol Use1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2 4.0
90330
Table 8.28A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1              
Cigarettes              
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 15,493b 15,899b 16,871a 17,158 17,290 17,186 17,198
Marijuana              
Smoke Once a Month 7,918b 8,614 8,699a 8,487 8,667a 8,575 8,320
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 12,614b 13,449b 13,637b 13,777b 13,606b 13,634b 13,037
Cocaine              
Use Once a Month 12,296 12,628b 12,320 12,151 12,196 12,256 12,142
Use Once or Twice a Week 19,463 19,835b 19,842b 19,894b 19,754b 19,543 19,372
Heroin              
Try Once or Twice 14,211 14,400a 14,077 13,994 14,164 14,006 14,021
Use Once or Twice a Week 20,073a 20,244b 20,150b 20,276b 20,129b 19,956 19,769
LSD              
Try Once or Twice 12,499b 12,805b 12,692b 12,445b 12,424b 12,134 11,925
Use Once or Twice a Week 18,156b 18,475b 18,470b 18,361b 18,020b 17,639 17,477
Alcohol              
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 15,288b 15,277b 15,468b 16,028 16,265 16,277 16,279
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
  a Week
9,379b 9,528b 9,514b 9,636a 9,887 9,834 10,002
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2              
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3              
Marijuana 13,299b 13,084b 12,843b 12,601b 12,397b 12,034 11,905
Cocaine 5,981b 6,010b 5,917b 6,073b 6,323b 5,905b 5,279
Crack 6,324b 6,286b 6,069b 6,149b 6,377b 6,104b 5,537
Heroin 3,765b 3,649b 3,373b 3,384b 3,479b 3,390b 3,083
LSD 4,562b 4,154b 4,035b 3,732b 3,310 3,376 3,221
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
  Selling Drugs
4,121b 4,013b 4,103b 3,926b 3,879b 3,659a 3,402
90330
Table 8.28B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1              
Cigarettes              
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1b 64.2b 67.5b 68.3a 68.7 68.8 69.7
Marijuana              
Smoke Once a Month 32.4a 34.9 35.0 34.0 34.7 34.5 33.9
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5a 54.4a 54.7b 55.0b 54.2 54.7b 53.1
Cocaine              
Use Once a Month 50.5 51.4b 49.6 48.8 49.0 49.6 49.7
Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8 80.7b 79.8 79.9 79.2 78.9 79.2
Heroin              
Try Once or Twice 58.5 58.8 57.0 56.5a 57.2 57.0 57.7
Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5a 82.6a 81.4 81.8 81.2 81.0 81.3
LSD              
Try Once or Twice 52.6b 53.4b 52.6b 51.7 51.6 51.2 50.5
Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2b 76.9b 76.4b 76.1b 74.7 74.2 73.9
Alcohol              
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2b 61.6b 61.8b 63.8b 64.6a 65.2 65.9
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice
  a Week
38.2b 38.5b 38.1b 38.4b 39.4 39.4 40.5
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2              
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3              
Marijuana 55.0b 53.6b 52.2b 51.0b 50.1 49.1 49.2
Cocaine 25.0b 25.0b 24.4b 24.9b 25.9b 24.5b 22.1
Crack 26.5b 26.2b 25.0b 25.3b 26.2b 25.3b 23.2
Heroin 15.8b 15.3b 14.0a 14.0a 14.4b 14.1a 13.0
LSD 19.4b 17.6b 16.9b 15.7b 14.0 14.4 13.8
Approached in the Past Month by Someone
  Selling Drugs
16.7b 16.1b 16.3b 15.5b 15.3b 14.5 13.7
90407
Table 8.29A – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656 2,627 2,784 2,908 2,789 2,670 2,885
Marijuana and Hashish 2,196 1,973a 2,142 2,114 2,063 2,090 2,208
Cocaine 1,032b 986b 998b 872a 977b 906a 722
Crack 337a 269 215 230 245 352 205
Heroin 117 92 118 108 91 106 114
Hallucinogens 1,152 886b 934a 953a 1,116 1,064 1,127
LSD 338 200b 235b 243b 264b 270b 394
PCP 123b 105b 106a 77 69 58 53
Ecstasy 1,206b 642b 607b 615b 860 781 894
Inhalants 849 871a 857a 877a 783 775 729
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,552 2,583 2,836a 2,526 2,576 2,532 2,512
Pain Relievers 2,320 2,456 2,422 2,193 2,150 2,147 2,176
OxyContin® -- -- 615a 526 533 554 478
Tranquilizers 1,184 1,071 1,180 1,286 1,112 1,232 1,127
Stimulants2 783b 715 793a 647 845b 642 599
Sedatives 209 194 240 247 267 198 181
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1,2
2,569 2,523 2,664 2,768 2,719 2,563 2,693
CIGARETTES 1,940b 1,983b 2,122a 2,282 2,449 2,231 2,418
Daily Cigarette Use4 1,016 1,064 1,101a 965 1,051 984 942
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 951b 928b 999b 1,134b 1,329 1,297 1,398
CIGARS 2,858 2,736 3,058 3,349b 3,061 3,076 2,884
ALCOHOL 3,942b 4,082a 4,396 4,274 4,381 4,559 4,466
90407
Table 8.29B – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Cocaine 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4a 0.4b 0.4a 0.3
Crack 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
LSD 0.1 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.2
PCP 0.1b 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3 0.3 0.4
Inhalants 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1.1 1.1 1.2b 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Pain Relievers 1.0 1.0b 1.0a 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Stimulants2 0.3b 0.3a 0.3a 0.3 0.3b 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER
THAN MARIJUANA1,2
1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1
CIGARETTES 0.8b 0.8b 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.4 0.4a 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5a 0.5 0.5 0.6
CIGARS 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4b 1.2 1.2 1.2
ALCOHOL 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
90407
Table 8.30A – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
2,656 2,627 2,784 2,908 2,789 2,670 2,885
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3              
Marijuana and Hashish 1,555 1,463 1,516 1,586 1,508 1,502 1,634
Cocaine 29 21 43 29 34 16 24
Crack * * * 1 * * *
Heroin 1 1 1 * 0 * 4
Hallucinogens 88 63 56 67 92 55 92
LSD 1 5 1 2 6 4 2
PCP 2 1 1 1 9 * 1
Ecstasy 52 37 26 23 46 15 28
Inhalants 246 340 305 331 278 287 280
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 742 742 869 900 880 817 853
Pain Relievers 525 520 635 596 620 507 649
OxyContin® -- -- 1 8 1 2 6
Tranquilizers 64 87 109 179 112 173 93
Stimulants2 92 102 99 73 114 109 87
Sedatives 61 34 27 52 35 28 24
Illicit Drugs Other Than
  Marijuana1,2
1,104 1,164 1,269 1,328 1,285 1,174 1,252
90407
Table 8.30B – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Percentages, 2002-2008
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3              
Marijuana and Hashish 58.6 55.7 54.5 54.5 54.1 56.2 56.6
Cocaine 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.2 0.6 0.8
Crack * * * 0.0 * * *
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.3 2.4 2.0 2.3 3.3 2.0 3.2
LSD 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 * 0.0
Ecstasy 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.7 0.6 1.0
Inhalants 9.3 12.9a 10.9 11.4 10.0 10.7 9.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 28.0 28.2 31.2 31.0 31.5 30.6 29.6
Pain Relievers 19.8 19.8 22.8 20.5 22.2 19.0 22.5
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 2.4 3.3 3.9 6.2 4.0 6.5a 3.2
Stimulants2 3.5 3.9 3.5 2.5 4.1 4.1 3.0
Sedatives 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 1.1 0.8
Illicit Drugs Other Than
  Marijuana1,2
41.6 44.3 45.6 45.7 46.1 44.0 43.4
90407
Table 8.31B – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2002-2008
Estimate Type/Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NUMBER OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES (1,000s)
             
Total 299b 260b 318b 192b 259b 157a 95
Gender              
Male 141b 130b 142b 97b 90a 52 42
Female 158b 129b 176b 95a 169b 104a 53
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG TOTAL
POPULATION
             
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.0
Gender              
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.0 0.0
Female 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1a 0.0
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG PERSONS AT
RISK FOR INITIATION1
             
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.0
Gender              
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.0 0.0
Female 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1a 0.0
MEAN AGE AT FIRST USE AMONG
PAST YEAR INITIATES
             
Total 18.9 20.4 22.1 18.6 22.2 19.1 19.2
Age 12-49 18.9 20.4 20.6 18.6 22.2 19.1 19.2
Gender/Age              
Male 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4 19.8
12-49 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4 19.8
Female 18.8 20.8 23.1 18.1 23.5 19.0 18.8
12-49 18.8 20.8 20.4 18.1 23.5 19.0 18.8
90407
Table 8.32A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 7,116 6,835 7,298 6,833 7,020 6,851 6,990
Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 4,469 4,090 4,172 3,932 4,199
Cocaine 1,488 1,515 1,571 1,549 1,671 1,598 1,411
Heroin 214 189 270 227 323 213 282
Hallucinogens 426 321 449 371 380 368 358
Inhalants 180 169 233 221 176 164 175
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,018 1,923 2,048 1,959 2,035 2,160 2,176
Pain Relievers 1,509 1,424a 1,388a 1,546 1,635 1,707 1,716
Tranquilizers 509 435 573 419 402 443 451
Stimulants2 436 378 470 409 390 406 351
Sedatives 154 158 128 97 121 154 126
ALCOHOL 18,100 17,805 18,654 18,658 18,799 18,638 18,331
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,210 3,054 3,445 3,273 3,205 3,175 3,090
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,006 21,586 22,506 22,218 22,613 22,313 22,231
90407
Table 8.32B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7
Cocaine 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6 0.6a 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants2 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
ALCOHOL 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.4 1.3 1.4a 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.4 9.1 9.4 9.1 9.2 9.0 8.9
90407
Table 8.33A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,636 4,374a 4,852 4,718 4,838 4,684 4,866
Marijuana and Hashish 2,614 2,520 2,670 2,619 2,616 2,501 2,683
Cocaine 1,025 961 1,175 1,144 1,211 1,162 959
Heroin 198 169 226 199 296 178 253
Hallucinogens 136 135 180 143 120 107 125
Inhalants 47 37 90 46 48 45 83
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,242 1,275 1,395 1,366 1,310 1,552 1,527
Pain Relievers 936a 943a 970a 1,102 1,072 1,264 1,243
Tranquilizers 251 196 252 243 177 201 232
Stimulants2 259 260 359a 273 277 305 236
Sedatives 131 112 89 54 53 94 92
ALCOHOL 8,222 7,563b 8,355 7,974a 8,407 8,450 8,755
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,334 1,066a 1,414 1,366 1,329 1,369 1,323
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 11,524 10,871b 11,794 11,326a 11,916 11,765 12,297
90407
Table 8.33B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9
Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1
Cocaine 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
Pain Relievers 0.4 0.4 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5 3.2a 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7 4.9
90403
Table 8.34A – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION              
Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802 2,192 2,172 2,457 2,163 2,082
Alcohol 2,405a 2,359a 2,658 2,843 2,764 2,733 2,894
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522 1,566 1,406 1,317
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483a 3,327b 3,791 3,930 4,031 3,913 4,045
SPECIALTY FACILITY              
Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576a 1,343 1,209
Alcohol 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567 1,560
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 709 595 718 748 731 615 577
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412 2,287
90403
Table 8.34B – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION              
Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0a 0.9 0.8
Alcohol 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4a 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
SPECIALTY FACILITY              
Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.5 0.5
Alcohol 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
90403
Table 8.35A – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,748 7,333 8,053 7,550 7,756 7,528 7,559
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576a 1,343 1,209
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 6,335 6,230 6,626 6,269 6,180 6,185 6,351
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638 18,215 19,360 19,378 19,520 19,301 18,951
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567 1,560
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089 16,917 17,824 17,752 17,963 17,734 17,391
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL1
22,811 22,165 23,476 23,172 23,591 23,202 23,051
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412 2,287
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465 20,290 21,149 20,864 21,054 20,790 20,764
90403
Table 8.35B – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2008
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.3a 3.1 3.3a 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.0
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.5 0.5
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9 7.7 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8 7.6
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2 7.0
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR
ALCOHOL1
9.7 9.3 9.8a 9.5 9.6 9.4 9.2
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7 8.5 8.8a 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.3
90406
Table 8.36A – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 27,215b 27,939a 27,502b 28,166a 28,346 29,401 30,002
AGE              
18-25 3,256a 3,511 3,459 3,615 3,514 3,365 3,547
26-49 14,492 14,476 14,348 13,889 14,020 14,242 13,937
50 or Older 9,466b 9,952b 9,695b 10,661b 10,812a 11,794 12,518
GENDER              
Male 8,772b 8,689b 9,044a 9,308 9,458 9,836 10,053
Female 18,442a 19,250 18,458a 18,858 18,888 19,565 19,949
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 25,172b 25,919a 25,523b 25,999a 26,320a 27,241 27,951
White 21,943b 22,914a 22,512a 22,890a 23,279 24,647 24,637
Black or African American 1,953 2,021 2,052 2,193 1,855 1,711a 2,230
American Indian or Alaska Native 227a 136 143 169 130 128 124
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 29 * * * 58 * *
Asian 668 424 422 365 519 370 442
Two or More Races 352 373 335 317 480 359 464
Hispanic or Latino 2,043 2,020 1,979 2,166 2,025 2,160 2,051
90406
Table 8.36B – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 13.0 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 13.2 13.4
AGE              
18-25 10.5 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.8 10.3 10.8
26-49 14.5 14.5 14.4 13.9 14.0 14.3 14.0
50 or Older 12.0a 12.3 11.7a 12.5 12.4 13.2 13.6
GENDER              
Male 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.9 9.2 9.3
Female 16.9 17.5 16.6 16.8 16.6 17.0 17.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6 13.9 13.6 13.7 13.8 14.2 14.4
White 14.7a 15.2 14.9a 15.1 15.2 16.0 16.0
Black or African American 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.9 7.4 6.8a 8.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 12.6 12.6 15.4 11.9 11.6 13.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.9 * * * 7.0 * *
Asian 8.3a 4.9 4.7 4.0 5.6 3.9 4.5
Two or More Races 16.6 17.5 15.8 14.4 21.6 15.6 18.8
Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.8 7.4 7.8 7.0 7.3 6.8
90406
Table 8.37A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 2,225a 2,191a 1,969 2,016 2,014
AGE          
12-13 445a 417 383 336 364
14-15 783 811a 685 706 703
16-17 997 964 901 973 947
GENDER          
Male 637a 571 540 582 538
Female 1,588 1,620 1,429 1,433 1,476
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE          
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,848a 1,802 1,610 1,691 1,666
White 1,413a 1,390 1,215 1,282 1,253
Black or African American 287 288 245 293 260
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 10 12 7 13
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * *
Asian 82 63 77 67 72
Two or More Races 51 41 53 41 59
Hispanic or Latino 377 389 359 324 348
90406
Table 8.37B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 9.0a 8.8 7.9 8.2 8.3
AGE          
12-13 5.4 5.2 4.9 4.3 4.8
14-15 9.2 9.5 7.9 8.4 8.4
16-17 12.3 11.5 10.7 11.5 11.1
GENDER          
Male 5.0a 4.5 4.2 4.6 4.3
Female 13.1 13.3 11.8 11.9 12.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE          
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.7 7.9 8.4 8.4
White 9.2 9.1 8.1 8.7 8.7
Black or African American 7.7 7.6 6.4 7.8 7.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.8 6.1 9.3 4.6 10.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * *
Asian 8.3 6.0 7.6 6.8 7.6
Two or More Races 11.7 10.5 13.0 10.0 12.0
Hispanic or Latino 9.1 9.1 8.0 7.1 7.5
90406
Table 8.38A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,934 3,104 3,378a 3,394a 3,295 3,113 3,126
Outpatient 2,662 2,795 3,015a 3,048a 2,934 2,781 2,811
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
  Social Worker, or Counselor
2,254 2,347 2,523 2,573a 2,418 2,362 2,386
Mental Health Clinic or Center 611 635 716b 657a 589 579 560
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
  Program
440 425 439 449a 473a 416 370
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
  Preservation Worker
693 656 762 731 717 703 707
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
588 626 705a 696a 670 628 598
Hospital 422 467 515 529 517 510 462
Residential Treatment Center 224 233 299b 229 225 199 195
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 157 179b 158 143 129 112 118
EDUCATION2 2,587b 2,983 3,157b 3,033 2,991 2,862 2,882
School Counselor, School Psychologist or
  Regular Meetings with a Teacher
2,111b 2,445 2,619 2,509 2,461 2,428 2,480
Special Education Services While in a Regular
  Classroom or Placement in a Special
  Classroom, Special Program or Special School
839 959b 1,015b 976b 978b 811 746
MEDICAL              
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 657 732 840b 810 694 692 706
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
1,187 1,418 1,424 1,454a 1,342 1,278 1,306
90406
Table 8.38B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.5 13.5 13.5 13.1 12.5 12.7
Outpatient 10.8 11.3 12.1 12.1 11.7 11.1 11.4
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist,
  Social Worker, or Counselor
9.2 9.5 10.1 10.2 9.6 9.4 9.7
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.5 2.6 2.9b 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.3
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment
  Program
1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9a 1.7 1.5
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family
  Preservation Worker
2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
2.4 2.5 2.8a 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.4
Hospital 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 1.2b 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.6 0.7a 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.5
EDUCATION2 10.6b 12.1 12.7a 12.1 11.9 11.5 11.8
School Counselor, School Psychologist or
  Regular Meetings with a Teacher
8.6b 9.9 10.5 10.0 9.8 9.7 10.1
Special Education Services While in a Regular
  Classroom or Placement in a Special
  Classroom, Special Program or Special School
3.4 3.9b 4.1b 3.9b 3.9b 3.3 3.0
MEDICAL              
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.7 2.9 3.4a 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.9
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
4.8 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.3
90730
Table 8.39B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2008
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates were adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted by formally modeling the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, using 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2008 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2008.
1971 5.1 17.3 5.7
1972 6.0 27.8 10.3
1974 10.2 25.2 9.1
1976 10.5 25.0 12.5
1977 14.1 27.4 13.7
1979 14.2 35.6 19.7
1982 9.9 27.2 19.0
1985 10.2 21.7 19.0
1988 5.4 15.3 12.3
1990 4.4 12.7 9.5
1991 3.6 12.9 7.7
1992 3.4 10.9 9.3
1993 4.0 11.1 7.5
1994 6.0 12.1 6.9
1995 8.2 12.0 6.7
1996 7.1 13.2 6.3
1997 9.4 12.8 6.0
1998 8.3 13.8 5.5
1999 7.2 14.2 5.4
2000 7.2 13.6 5.9
2001 8.0 16.0 6.8
2002 8.2 17.3 7.7
2003 7.9 17.0 8.4
2004 7.6 16.1 8.3
2005 6.8 16.6 8.6
2006 6.7 16.3 8.5
2007 6.7 16.4 7.9
2008 6.7 16.5 8.8
90730
Table 8.40B – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2008
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates have been adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted using a simple ratio correction factor that measured the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, estimated at the total population level using pooled 1993 and 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for further information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2008 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2008.
1971 -- -- --
1972 1.3 -- --
1974 2.3 7.0 --
1976 2.0 6.1 --
1977 2.2 8.8 --
1979 3.6 17.0 5.7
1982 3.7 15.9 9.3
1985 3.4 13.6 10.5
1988 2.5 10.5 7.0
1990 1.9 6.5 5.9
1991 1.3 6.7 4.4
1992 1.0 5.5 4.3
1993 0.7 4.4 3.8
1994 1.1 3.6 3.5
1995 1.7 4.3 3.1
1996 1.4 4.7 3.5
1997 2.2 3.9 3.1
1998 1.7 4.7 2.7
1999 1.6 5.2 2.4
2000 1.7 4.4 2.1
2001 1.5 5.7 2.7
2002 2.1 6.7 3.6
2003 1.8 6.6 4.1
2004 1.6 6.6 4.0
2005 1.7 6.9 3.1
2006 1.6 6.9 4.4
2007 1.5 6.4 3.6
2008 1.2 5.5 4.0
90409
Table 8.41A – Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576a 1,343 1,209
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 8 * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander 13 * * * * * *
Asian Only * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 289 205 336a 345a 361a 249 163
White 1,056 829 983 892 1,155 1,024 987
Two or More Races * * * * * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 172 89 142 182 304a 91 130
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,240 1,014 1,285 1,098 1,272 1,253 1,079
Black or African American 285 202 334a 343a 299a 245 162
White 894 757 845 722 919 943 867
GENDER              
Male 826 732 914 748 979a 917 712
Female 587 371 513 532 597 427 497
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 451 524 387 384
100-199% -- -- -- 301 361 272 333
200% or More -- -- -- 522 689 682 490
AGE GROUP              
12-17 142 113 134 142 136 111 111
18 or Older 1,270 990 1,293 1,139 1,440a 1,232 1,098
90409
Table 8.41B – Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18a (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 18.2 15.0 17.7 17.0 20.3a 17.8 16.0
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 5.8 * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander 9.0 * * * * * *
Asian Only * * * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 22.1 21.1 26.2a 24.7a 25.8a 20.8 13.8
White 17.4 14.0 15.8 15.6 19.6 17.3 16.4
Two or More Races * * * * * * *
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 14.9 8.4 12.7 19.4 24.0a 9.6 12.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 18.8 16.1 18.5 16.6 19.6 19.0 16.6
Black or African American 22.8 21.4 26.4a 25.0a 22.9 20.9 14.1
White 17.9 15.3 16.4 14.9 19.2 18.7 17.2
GENDER              
Male 17.0 16.0 18.1 16.2 19.8 18.4 16.2
Female 20.4 13.4 17.1 18.2 21.3a 16.8 15.7
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 24.3 28.2 22.6 23.2
100-199% -- -- -- 17.7 20.8 17.9 19.1
200% or More -- -- -- 13.3 16.8a 16.1 12.0
AGE GROUP              
12-17 10.1 8.5 9.6 11.3 11.2 9.9 9.3
18 or Older 20.1 16.5 19.4 18.1 22.0a 19.2 17.2
90409
Table 8.42A – Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567 1,560
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 41 41 * 26 25 * 21
Asian or Pacific Islander * 12 * 5 21 1 *
Asian Only * * * 4 * 0 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 239 259 285 368 242 283 277
White 1,246 957 1,158 1,211 1,246 1,200 1,205
Two or More Races 18 30 32 16 * * 20
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 139 140 234 252a 330b 130 103
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,410 1,159 1,301 1,374 1,227 1,437 1,457
Black or African American 236 251 285 368 208 279 273
White 1,120 832a 928 969 961 1,093 1,115
GENDER              
Male 1,100 897 1,149 1,047 1,023 1,142 1,079
Female 449 401 386 579 534 425 481
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 557a 454 448 342
100-199% -- -- -- 363 363 300 332
200% or More -- -- -- 701 733 817 883
AGE GROUP              
12-17 121a 95 126b 119a 101 82 77
18 or Older 1,427 1,203 1,409 1,508 1,456 1,485 1,483
90409
Table 8.42B – Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-21 (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 8.3 7.1 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.1 8.2
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 15.2 13.6 * 7.8 8.0 * 9.1
Asian or Pacific Islander * 2.0 * 1.0 4.5 0.2 *
Asian Only * * * 1.0 * 0.1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 11.7 13.8 14.2 17.5 11.4 13.8 12.8
White 8.0 6.3 7.1 7.5 7.6 7.4 7.6
Two or More Races 6.4 11.9 10.5 7.2 * * 8.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 5.5 5.7 8.8 9.3b 11.0b 5.3 3.6
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.7 7.4 7.8 8.2 7.4 8.5 9.1
Black or African American 11.8 14.0 14.9 17.7 10.3 13.7 12.9
White 8.4 6.4a 6.7 7.1 7.1 7.9 8.5
GENDER              
Male 8.7 7.4 8.8 8.3 8.0 8.7 8.9
Female 7.5 6.6 6.1 8.7 7.9 6.9 7.1
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 18.9 15.0 16.6 13.6
100-199% -- -- -- 10.1 9.6 8.9 10.0
200% or More -- -- -- 5.6 5.9 6.3 6.8
AGE GROUP              
12-17 8.1 6.3 8.0 8.1 7.2 5.9 6.2
18 or Older 8.3 7.2 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.4
90409
Table 8.43A – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412 2,287
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 47 53 * 32 37 * 30
Asian or Pacific Islander 14 17 * 8 39 * *
Asian Only 9 11 * 5 28 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 418 315 445 508 460 501 374
White 1,831 1,450a 1,733 1,720 1,970 1,773 1,798
Two or More Races 36 39 41 40 31 * 43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 233 191 314 373a 511b 177 182
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,113 1,683a 2,013 1,934 2,026 2,235 2,105
Black or African American 414 305 443 507 395 494 369
White 1,615 1,286a 1,425 1,372 1,540 1,626 1,633
GENDER              
Male 1,488 1,263 1,571 1,519 1,625 1,703 1,490
Female 858 612 755 789 913 709 797
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 768 740 670 580
100-199% -- -- -- 502 583 497 543
200% or More -- -- -- 1,027 1,207 1,240 1,159
AGE GROUP              
12-17 186 168 185 181 181 150 143
18 or Older 2,160 1,707a 2,142 2,127 2,356 2,262 2,143
90409
Table 8.43B – Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Needed Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
NOTE: Estimates shown on this table correspond to Healthy People 2010 Objective Number 26-18b (http://www.healthypeople.gov/).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 These racial categories do not distinguish among ethnic origin (i.e., Hispanic or Latino origin), so they include respondents who are either Hispanic or not Hispanic.
2 Estimates are based on a definition of Poverty Level that incorporates information on family income, size, and composition and is calculated as a percentage of the U.S. Census Bureau's poverty thresholds.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL 10.3 8.5 9.9 10.0 10.8 10.4 9.9
RACE1              
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.7 15.3 * 8.4 9.5 * 10.4
Asian or Pacific Islander 2.8 2.5 * 1.5 6.6 * *
Asian Only 2.2 1.9 * 1.1 6.1 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander Only * * * * * * *
Black or African American 14.9 13.0 16.7 18.2 15.6 18.1 13.0
White 9.7 7.9 8.9 9.0 10.2 9.3 9.5
Two or More Races 10.0 11.5 10.9 12.2 8.2 * 12.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE              
Hispanic or Latino 7.4 6.4 9.7 11.7b 14.3b 6.0 5.4
Not Hispanic or Latino 10.7 8.8a 9.9 9.7 10.1 11.0 10.7
Black or African American 15.3 13.1 17.3 18.4 14.2 18.2 13.2
White 10.1 8.2a 8.6 8.5 9.6 9.9 10.3
GENDER              
Male 9.9 8.8 10.2 10.2 10.7 10.9 10.3
Female 11.0 7.9 9.4 9.5 10.9 9.3 9.3
POVERTY LEVEL (% of Census Bureau Poverty
Threshold)2
             
Less Than 100% -- -- -- 19.7 18.3 18.5 16.8
100-199% -- -- -- 11.2 12.5 11.9 12.6
200% or More -- -- -- 7.1 8.3 8.2 7.7
AGE GROUP              
12-17 8.2 7.4 8.1 8.6 8.7 7.6 7.4
18 or Older 10.5 8.6 10.1 10.1 11.0 10.7 10.2

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