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90415
Table 6.1C – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 345 231 252
18 32 19 24
19 32 18 26
20 27 18 21
21 28 18 21
22 27 18 21
23 28 16 22
24 28 17 22
25 23 17 17
26-29 99 59 79
30-34 86 50 70
35-39 116 83 80
40-44 103 69 75
45-49 99 72 65
50-54 135 69 117
55-59 87 66 57
60-64 89 60 66
65 or Older 158 110 108
90415
Table 6.1D – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.15 0.21 0.22
18 0.62 0.75 0.96
19 0.69 0.77 1.16
20 0.67 0.86 1.03
21 0.70 0.89 1.01
22 0.63 0.88 0.96
23 0.64 0.77 0.99
24 0.70 0.88 1.09
25 0.60 0.89 0.85
26-29 0.55 0.65 0.90
30-34 0.46 0.55 0.72
35-39 0.56 0.82 0.74
40-44 0.47 0.65 0.65
45-49 0.43 0.63 0.57
50-54 0.60 0.66 0.96
55-59 0.49 0.73 0.64
60-64 0.58 0.81 0.83
65 or Older 0.42 0.68 0.51
90415
Table 6.2C – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 345 76 211 244
GENDER        
Male 231 48 146 156
Female 252 58 158 180
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 317 66 196 222
White 284 60 170 202
Black or African American 122 30 95 68
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 6 4 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 74 18 39 *
Two or More Races 51 10 22 *
Hispanic or Latino 140 36 91 95
EDUCATION        
< High School 207 42 106 162
High School Graduate 178 44 124 127
Some College 167 47 122 99
College Graduate 128 24 89 87
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 208 51 163 114
Part-Time 105 37 72 64
Unemployed 82 30 68 30
Other1 242 42 117 205
90415
Table 6.2D – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.15 0.23 0.21 0.27
GENDER        
Male 0.21 0.29 0.30 0.37
Female 0.22 0.36 0.31 0.36
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.16 0.24 0.24 0.26
White 0.18 0.28 0.26 0.28
Black or African American 0.45 0.58 0.73 0.75
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.12 3.33 1.06 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 0.74 1.12 0.71 *
Two or More Races 1.94 2.18 2.46 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.46 0.62 0.54 1.25
EDUCATION        
< High School 0.56 0.66 0.76 0.97
High School Graduate 0.25 0.36 0.43 0.41
Some College 0.29 0.40 0.45 0.49
College Graduate 0.20 0.49 0.27 0.34
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 0.17 0.33 0.22 0.31
Part-Time 0.35 0.43 0.67 0.57
Unemployed 0.90 0.90 1.53 1.89
Other1 0.37 0.61 0.81 0.46
90415
Table 6.3C – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Drug Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 423 116 417
Marijuana and Hashish 374 101 367
Cocaine 130 49 117
Crack 55 26 49
Heroin 39 20 33
Hallucinogens 65 26 59
LSD 16 7 14
PCP * 1 *
Ecstasy 50 21 45
Inhalants 67 19 65
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 222 74 207
Pain Relievers 193 61 183
OxyContin® 57 16 55
Tranquilizers 118 52 101
Stimulants4 73 28 66
Methamphetamine4 52 15 48
Sedatives 36 18 31
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 259 91 242
90415
Table 6.3D – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Drug Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.19 1.13 0.19
Marijuana and Hashish 0.17 0.99 0.16
Cocaine 0.06 0.48 0.05
Crack 0.02 0.26 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.20 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.03 0.26 0.03
LSD 0.01 0.07 0.01
PCP * 0.01 *
Ecstasy 0.02 0.20 0.02
Inhalants 0.03 0.18 0.03
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.10 0.73 0.10
Pain Relievers 0.09 0.60 0.09
OxyContin® 0.03 0.16 0.03
Tranquilizers 0.05 0.50 0.05
Stimulants4 0.03 0.28 0.03
Methamphetamine4 0.02 0.14 0.02
Sedatives 0.02 0.17 0.01
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 0.12 0.89 0.11
90415
Table 6.4C – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 868 233 948
Cigarettes 804 225 849
Smokeless Tobacco 309 54 310
Cigars 362 83 361
Pipe Tobacco 147 42 140
ALCOHOL 974 226 1,608
Binge Alcohol Use3 734 174 847
Heavy Alcohol Use3 412 114 410
90415
Table 6.4D – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Month Serious Psychological Distress: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Substance Total Serious Psychological
Distress1
No Serious Psychological
Distress1
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Note that this table shows estimates of past month SPD, while prior NSDUH tables and reports have shown estimates of past year SPD. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS2 0.39 1.74 0.39
Cigarettes 0.36 1.72 0.36
Smokeless Tobacco 0.14 0.53 0.14
Cigars 0.16 0.81 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.07 0.41 0.06
ALCOHOL 0.43 1.69 0.44
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.33 1.48 0.34
Heavy Alcohol Use3 0.18 1.07 0.19
130823
Table 6.5C (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 308 185 248
18 21 12 17
19 19 8 18
20 18 13 13
21 19 8 17
22 22 12 17
23 21 12 18
24 18 8 16
25 17 11 13
26-29 87 47 70
30-34 77 51 59
35-39 114 64 91
40-44 98 66 69
45-49 101 71 72
50-54 128 48 118
55-59 105 61 85
60-64 111 68 87
65 or Older 98 70 68
130823
Table 6.5D (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Age Category Total Male Female
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.14 0.17 0.21
18 0.43 0.48 0.68
19 0.44 0.36 0.83
20 0.46 0.66 0.66
21 0.47 0.39 0.82
22 0.52 0.60 0.84
23 0.51 0.58 0.83
24 0.47 0.44 0.80
25 0.44 0.56 0.66
26-29 0.50 0.54 0.79
30-34 0.40 0.56 0.59
35-39 0.53 0.63 0.83
40-44 0.45 0.62 0.62
45-49 0.45 0.63 0.64
50-54 0.57 0.47 0.99
55-59 0.58 0.68 0.94
60-64 0.71 0.92 1.07
65 or Older 0.26 0.44 0.32
130823
Table 6.6C (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 308 54 208 224
GENDER        
Male 185 30 138 126
Female 248 45 161 181
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 288 47 196 207
White 280 41 194 199
Black or African American 78 18 67 34
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 * 7 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 5 * * *
Asian 68 11 26 *
Two or More Races 32 7 28 *
Hispanic or Latino 100 29 63 67
EDUCATION        
< High School 107 22 78 71
High School Graduate 174 33 121 131
Some College 164 33 116 117
College Graduate 152 18 99 114
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 197 35 163 98
Part-Time 107 29 70 74
Unemployed 79 19 52 *
Other1 217 23 113 180
130823
Table 6.6D (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.14 0.16 0.21 0.24
GENDER        
Male 0.17 0.18 0.28 0.30
Female 0.21 0.28 0.32 0.37
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.15 0.17 0.24 0.25
White 0.17 0.20 0.28 0.28
Black or African American 0.30 0.38 0.53 0.38
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.89 * 1.75 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.58 * * *
Asian 0.68 0.76 0.49 *
Two or More Races 1.25 1.59 3.03 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.33 0.51 0.37 0.87
EDUCATION        
< High School 0.30 0.36 0.56 0.44
High School Graduate 0.25 0.28 0.41 0.43
Some College 0.28 0.30 0.42 0.57
College Graduate 0.24 0.38 0.30 0.44
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 0.16 0.23 0.22 0.27
Part-Time 0.35 0.34 0.65 0.65
Unemployed 0.85 0.59 1.17 *
Other1 0.33 0.35 0.78 0.40
130823
Table 6.7C (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 308 54 208 224
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 132 24 76 112
New England 47 7 36 35
Middle Atlantic 123 23 67 106
Midwest 124 24 87 87
East North Central 104 21 76 71
West North Central 70 12 44 51
South 185 32 132 123
South Atlantic 134 24 100 81
East South Central 68 10 49 41
West South Central 110 19 71 77
West 164 30 103 116
Mountain 81 15 50 65
Pacific 141 26 90 96
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 233 46 156 161
Small Metro 174 28 117 124
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 141 24 93 99
< 250K Pop. 107 15 73 76
Nonmetro 120 18 77 86
Urbanized 90 13 52 72
Less Urbanized 74 12 50 47
Completely Rural 26 3 26 2
130823
Table 6.7D (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Age Group and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.14 0.16 0.21 0.24
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 0.32 0.41 0.42 0.63
New England 0.43 0.48 0.77 0.76
Middle Atlantic 0.40 0.52 0.50 0.81
Midwest 0.25 0.32 0.40 0.43
East North Central 0.30 0.41 0.50 0.50
West North Central 0.47 0.52 0.68 0.82
South 0.23 0.27 0.36 0.36
South Atlantic 0.31 0.41 0.52 0.44
East South Central 0.50 0.56 0.84 0.73
West South Central 0.44 0.48 0.62 0.80
West 0.32 0.38 0.44 0.57
Mountain 0.51 0.62 0.70 1.04
Pacific 0.39 0.48 0.55 0.68
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 0.19 0.25 0.27 0.34
Small Metro 0.25 0.27 0.39 0.42
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.30 0.36 0.47 0.50
< 250K Pop. 0.45 0.41 0.69 0.79
Nonmetro 0.31 0.36 0.50 0.49
Urbanized 0.56 0.59 0.82 1.00
Less Urbanized 0.40 0.50 0.66 0.56
Completely Rural 0.66 0.89 1.66 0.14
130823
Table 6.8C (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Drug Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 545 134 569
Marijuana and Hashish 466 116 481
Cocaine 207 61 193
Crack 94 36 88
Heroin 58 21 53
Hallucinogens 124 39 116
LSD 47 18 42
PCP 10 2 10
Ecstasy 92 33 85
Inhalants 108 15 108
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 345 102 335
Pain Relievers 288 87 276
OxyContin® 87 24 84
Tranquilizers 199 66 187
Stimulants4 120 46 112
Methamphetamine4 75 29 70
Sedatives 59 30 49
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 400 114 389
130823
Table 6.8D (REVISED) – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Drug Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 0.24 1.52 0.24
Marijuana and Hashish 0.21 1.36 0.21
Cocaine 0.09 0.73 0.09
Crack 0.04 0.44 0.04
Heroin 0.03 0.25 0.02
Hallucinogens 0.06 0.46 0.05
LSD 0.02 0.22 0.02
PCP 0.00 0.03 0.00
Ecstasy 0.04 0.39 0.04
Inhalants 0.05 0.18 0.05
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.15 1.19 0.15
Pain Relievers 0.13 1.02 0.13
OxyContin® 0.04 0.28 0.04
Tranquilizers 0.09 0.78 0.09
Stimulants4 0.05 0.56 0.05
Methamphetamine4 0.03 0.35 0.03
Sedatives 0.03 0.36 0.02
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA2 0.18 1.30 0.18
130823
Table 6.9C (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
PAST YEAR      
Tobacco Products2 923 228 1,044
Cigarettes 855 218 926
Smokeless Tobacco 345 83 343
Cigars 488 94 512
Alcohol 950 256 1,820
PAST MONTH      
Tobacco Products2 872 220 953
Cigarettes 809 212 856
Smokeless Tobacco 311 60 308
Cigars 363 70 363
Pipe Tobacco 146 33 140
Alcohol 977 231 1,604
Binge Alcohol Use3 737 144 867
Heavy Alcohol Use3 414 101 414
130823
Table 6.9D (REVISED) – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Substance Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
PAST YEAR      
Tobacco Products2 0.41 1.96 0.41
Cigarettes 0.38 1.93 0.38
Smokeless Tobacco 0.15 0.97 0.16
Cigars 0.22 1.11 0.22
Alcohol 0.42 1.71 0.43
PAST MONTH      
Tobacco Products2 0.39 1.91 0.39
Cigarettes 0.36 1.90 0.36
Smokeless Tobacco 0.14 0.71 0.14
Cigars 0.16 0.82 0.16
Pipe Tobacco 0.06 0.39 0.06
Alcohol 0.43 1.97 0.44
Binge Alcohol Use3 0.33 1.57 0.34
Heavy Alcohol Use3 0.18 1.17 0.19
130823
Table 6.10C (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total Dependence No Dependence Dependence or
Abuse
No Dependence
or Abuse
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 308 71 312 75 310
Marijuana 308 44 315 54 314
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 308 59 313 60 312
ALCOHOL 308 95 307 108 304
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 308 41 314 55 314
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 308 110 304 119 300
130823
Table 6.10D (REVISED) – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Substance Total Dependence No Dependence Dependence or
Abuse
No Dependence
or Abuse
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 0.14 1.46 0.14 1.17 0.14
Marijuana 0.14 1.77 0.14 1.45 0.14
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 0.14 2.23 0.14 1.74 0.14
ALCOHOL 0.14 1.08 0.14 0.61 0.14
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1 0.14 3.02 0.14 1.90 0.14
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 0.14 0.90 0.14 0.56 0.14
130823
Table 6.11C (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 205 75 189
Marijuana 151 54 138
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 149 60 139
Alcohol 396 108 403
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 124 55 114
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 424 119 430
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 179 71 159
Marijuana 118 44 107
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 133 59 118
Alcohol 294 95 288
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 89 41 77
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 328 110 320
130823
Table 6.11D (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 0.09 0.91 0.09
Marijuana 0.07 0.65 0.06
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.07 0.73 0.06
Alcohol 0.18 1.29 0.18
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.06 0.67 0.05
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.19 1.42 0.19
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 0.08 0.86 0.07
Marijuana 0.05 0.53 0.05
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.06 0.71 0.05
Alcohol 0.13 1.13 0.13
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.04 0.50 0.04
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.15 1.31 0.14
130823
Table 6.12C (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 205 75 189
18-25 84 27 84
26-49 162 67 152
50 or Older 68 21 64
MALE 160 47 155
18-25 62 15 64
26-49 131 43 129
50 or Older 53 * 53
FEMALE 120 59 102
18-25 52 22 49
26-49 95 53 80
50 or Older 42 19 37
130823
Table 6.12D (REVISED) – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.09 0.91 0.09
18-25 0.25 1.90 0.25
26-49 0.16 1.36 0.16
50 or Older 0.07 0.90 0.07
MALE 0.15 1.59 0.15
18-25 0.37 3.53 0.37
26-49 0.26 2.36 0.27
50 or Older 0.13 * 0.13
FEMALE 0.10 1.11 0.09
18-25 0.32 2.20 0.30
26-49 0.19 1.67 0.17
50 or Older 0.08 1.23 0.08
130823
Table 6.13C (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 396 108 403
18-25 116 35 140
26-49 292 90 298
50 or Older 240 42 241
MALE 329 77 338
18-25 86 21 103
26-49 238 70 243
50 or Older 201 * 206
FEMALE 220 73 213
18-25 72 28 79
26-49 162 56 159
50 or Older 135 38 132
130823
Table 6.13D (REVISED) – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness, Gender, and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.18 1.29 0.18
18-25 0.35 2.28 0.35
26-49 0.29 1.74 0.29
50 or Older 0.26 1.77 0.26
MALE 0.30 2.36 0.30
18-25 0.52 4.09 0.52
26-49 0.48 3.29 0.48
50 or Older 0.47 * 0.48
FEMALE 0.19 1.36 0.19
18-25 0.44 2.63 0.44
26-49 0.32 1.75 0.32
50 or Older 0.27 2.35 0.27
130823
Table 6.14C (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 646 262 669
AGE      
18-25 92 37 98
26-49 340 177 320
50 or Older 523 192 547
GENDER      
Male 374 144 373
Female 503 217 515
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 616 251 645
White 658 234 600
Black or African American 204 59 196
American Indian or Alaska Native 32 * 30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 96 * 71
Two or More Races 96 * 92
Hispanic or Latino 167 * 161
EDUCATION      
< High School 290 75 276
High School Graduate 368 139 340
Some College 330 136 295
College Graduate 399 141 373
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 447 156 409
Part-Time 257 98 240
Unemployed 117 * 99
Other2 488 184 437
130823
Table 6.14D (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.29 1.76 0.28
AGE      
18-25 0.28 2.28 0.27
26-49 0.34 2.08 0.31
50 or Older 0.57 4.33 0.56
GENDER      
Male 0.35 3.06 0.33
Female 0.43 2.14 0.43
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.32 1.84 0.31
White 0.37 1.99 0.36
Black or African American 0.73 5.68 0.73
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.11 * 3.05
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * *
Asian 0.94 * 0.72
Two or More Races 3.42 * 3.50
Hispanic or Latino 0.55 * 0.53
EDUCATION      
< High School 0.77 4.61 0.77
High School Graduate 0.50 3.19 0.48
Some College 0.53 2.99 0.50
College Graduate 0.57 3.06 0.55
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 0.33 2.71 0.31
Part-Time 0.77 3.97 0.75
Unemployed 1.23 * 1.13
Other2 0.67 3.19 0.65
130823
Table 6.15C (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 646 262 669
GEOGRAPHIC REGION      
Northeast 293 117 288
New England 122 * 120
Middle Atlantic 266 107 262
Midwest 240 109 246
East North Central 198 86 195
West North Central 142 * 152
South 392 150 408
South Atlantic 311 114 331
East South Central 146 * 151
West South Central 180 82 177
West 354 134 390
Mountain 160 68 175
Pacific 316 115 349
COUNTY TYPE      
Large Metro 571 187 522
Small Metro 404 149 375
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 349 126 323
< 250K Pop. 219 81 205
Nonmetro 294 104 272
Urbanized 199 * 173
Less Urbanized 212 65 204
Completely Rural 70 * 66
130823
Table 6.15D (REVISED) – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Serious Mental Illness and Geographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Geographic Characteristic Total1 Serious Mental Illness No Serious Mental Illness
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year SMI information.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.29 1.76 0.28
GEOGRAPHIC REGION      
Northeast 0.70 3.91 0.68
New England 1.12 * 1.06
Middle Atlantic 0.87 4.78 0.84
Midwest 0.49 2.96 0.48
East North Central 0.58 3.37 0.54
West North Central 0.95 * 0.97
South 0.48 3.26 0.47
South Atlantic 0.72 4.41 0.71
East South Central 1.09 * 1.11
West South Central 0.72 5.73 0.67
West 0.68 3.84 0.67
Mountain 1.01 5.61 0.99
Pacific 0.88 5.18 0.87
COUNTY TYPE      
Large Metro 0.41 2.55 0.40
Small Metro 0.52 3.09 0.51
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.65 3.44 0.64
< 250K Pop. 0.84 5.76 0.82
Nonmetro 0.70 3.95 0.69
Urbanized 1.09 * 1.02
Less Urbanized 1.06 5.44 1.07
Completely Rural 1.57 * 1.61
130823
Table 6.16C (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 262 114 218 253
AGE        
18-25 37 15 31 31
26-49 177 59 151 168
50 or Older 192 93 153 191
GENDER        
Male 144 60 123 136
Female 217 93 177 212
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 251 103 212 243
White 234 99 198 227
Black or African American 59 26 53 53
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian * * * *
Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 75 25 56 73
High School Graduate 139 43 102 137
Some College 136 75 126 133
College Graduate 141 65 129 135
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 156 50 129 149
Part-Time 98 * 89 95
Unemployed * 10 * *
Other2 184 73 153 179
130823
Table 6.16D (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 1.76 1.29 1.86 1.81
AGE        
18-25 2.28 1.18 2.05 2.12
26-49 2.08 1.19 2.23 2.22
50 or Older 4.33 3.65 4.66 4.32
GENDER        
Male 3.06 2.02 3.21 3.12
Female 2.14 1.60 2.30 2.18
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.84 1.29 2.01 1.91
White 1.99 1.44 2.18 2.06
Black or African American 5.68 3.86 5.67 5.50
American Indian or Alaska Native * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian * * * *
Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 4.61 2.08 4.16 4.54
High School Graduate 3.19 1.58 3.20 3.27
Some College 2.99 2.63 3.22 3.09
College Graduate 3.06 3.32 4.09 3.47
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 2.71 1.37 2.74 2.76
Part-Time 3.97 * 4.76 4.32
Unemployed * 1.76 * *
Other2 3.19 2.25 3.49 3.22
130823
Table 6.17C (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE        
Inpatient 15 4 11 *
Outpatient 61 17 59 10
Prescription Medication 137 16 92 104
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient and Outpatient 9 6 6 3
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 23 7 10 *
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 179 22 127 125
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 110 12 57 *
130823
Table 6.17D (REVISED) – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combination of types of treatments information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE        
Inpatient 0.28 0.70 0.33 *
Outpatient 1.10 2.69 1.75 0.61
Prescription Medication 2.11 2.54 2.49 5.00
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.17 1.01 0.20 0.18
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.42 1.14 0.31 *
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 2.38 2.94 2.78 5.49
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES        
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 1.88 2.05 1.68 *
130823
Table 6.18C (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 105 21 73 *
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
167 24 112 *
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 105 11 79 *
Outpatient Medical Clinic 65 9 49 *
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 30 8 25 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 10 7 7 *
Some Other Place3 17 2 4 *
130823
Table 6.18D (REVISED) – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Past Year Serious Mental Illness Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total Aged 18-25 Aged 26-49 Aged 50+
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.52 3.74 2.85 *
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
   Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
   Part of a Clinic
2.66 3.77 3.23 *
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 2.45 2.55 2.95 *
Outpatient Medical Clinic 1.64 2.01 2.06 *
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.80 1.92 1.11 *
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.26 1.69 0.29 *
Some Other Place3 0.45 0.57 0.16 *
131218
Table 6.19C – (REVISED) Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Serious Mental Illness and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Serious Mental Illness/Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
Mental Health
Treatment Only2
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility
Only3
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
EITHER SMI OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 346 325 84 101
SMI 264 259 28 64
SMI but not Dependence/Abuse 246 241 9 37
Dependence/Abuse 247 209 83 94
Dependence/Abuse but not SMI 220 186 78 77
Both SMI and Dependence/Abuse 103 87 26 53
NEITHER SMI NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 633 629 74 32
131218
Table 6.19D – (REVISED) Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with Serious Mental Illness and/or Illicit Drug or Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Serious Mental Illness/Illicit Drug or Alcohol
Dependence or Abuse1
Mental Health
Treatment or
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
Mental Health
Treatment Only2
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility
Only3
Mental Health
Treatment and
Substance Use
Treatment at a
Specialty Facility2,3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2008 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Mental Health Findings).
NOTE: Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details on the methodology, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with drug or alcohol use.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
EITHER SMI OR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 0.99 0.96 0.31 0.37
SMI 1.77 1.84 0.33 0.77
SMI but not Dependence/Abuse 2.17 2.16 0.14 0.57
Dependence/Abuse 1.02 0.90 0.40 0.45
Dependence/Abuse but not SMI 1.03 0.90 0.42 0.41
Both SMI and Dependence/Abuse 2.69 3.19 1.31 2.49
NEITHER SMI NOR DEPENDENCE/ABUSE 0.29 0.29 0.04 0.02
90407
Table 6.20C – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 602 646 173 221 421 456 561 602
AGE                
18-25 90 91 30 34 70 69 78 78
26-49 347 339 107 89 280 258 316 317
50 or Older 469 524 135 205 329 360 442 491
GENDER                
Male 359 373 116 99 266 285 328 335
Female 446 503 130 196 327 357 415 479
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 564 616 153 209 408 435 529 576
White 581 656 139 190 402 427 543 598
Black or African American 145 204 54 85 113 159 127 181
American Indian or Alaska Native 29 32 10 2 13 24 29 25
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 4 * 4 6
Asian 70 96 25 15 59 59 54 93
Two or More Races 56 95 18 5 42 39 49 95
Hispanic or Latino 185 167 85 83 128 133 162 150
EDUCATION                
< High School 274 289 124 174 175 145 238 230
High School Graduate 325 369 80 69 216 231 309 357
Some College 306 329 78 89 214 231 293 318
College Graduate 369 396 52 95 294 308 339 348
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 390 444 63 86 292 303 358 403
Part-Time 237 256 60 72 166 194 222 236
Unemployed 104 116 34 25 83 87 99 108
Other3 443 489 146 194 287 307 410 443
90407
Table 6.20D – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.27 0.29 0.08 0.10 0.19 0.20 0.25 0.27
AGE                
18-25 0.27 0.28 0.09 0.10 0.21 0.21 0.24 0.24
26-49 0.35 0.34 0.11 0.09 0.28 0.26 0.32 0.32
50 or Older 0.52 0.57 0.15 0.22 0.37 0.39 0.49 0.53
GENDER                
Male 0.34 0.34 0.11 0.09 0.25 0.26 0.31 0.31
Female 0.39 0.43 0.11 0.17 0.28 0.31 0.36 0.41
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.32 0.08 0.11 0.21 0.22 0.27 0.30
White 0.34 0.37 0.09 0.12 0.25 0.26 0.32 0.35
Black or African American 0.54 0.73 0.21 0.32 0.44 0.59 0.48 0.66
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.62 3.08 0.94 0.27 1.22 2.35 2.54 2.50
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * 0.63 * 0.65 0.71
Asian 0.74 0.94 0.26 0.15 0.62 0.59 0.57 0.92
Two or More Races 2.25 3.42 0.78 0.18 1.73 1.60 2.01 3.41
Hispanic or Latino 0.63 0.55 0.29 0.28 0.43 0.44 0.55 0.50
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.69 0.76 0.34 0.49 0.46 0.40 0.61 0.62
High School Graduate 0.44 0.50 0.12 0.10 0.30 0.33 0.42 0.48
Some College 0.50 0.53 0.13 0.15 0.37 0.39 0.48 0.51
College Graduate 0.54 0.56 0.09 0.15 0.45 0.46 0.51 0.51
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.31 0.33 0.05 0.07 0.24 0.23 0.29 0.30
Part-Time 0.73 0.77 0.20 0.24 0.53 0.62 0.69 0.73
Unemployed 1.35 1.22 0.48 0.28 1.12 0.93 1.29 1.16
Other3 0.66 0.68 0.23 0.30 0.43 0.47 0.61 0.63
90407
Table 6.20P – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7353   0.5092   0.6642   0.5879  
AGE                
18-25 0.2070   0.9708   0.3986   0.8401  
26-49 0.5674   0.0110   0.8227   0.8610  
50 or Older 0.5580   0.4713   0.6238   0.4613  
GENDER                
Male 0.8210   0.0523   0.4495   0.8489  
Female 0.7935   0.6191   0.2529   0.5849  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5468   0.4652   0.7123   0.4297  
White 0.8654   0.3405   0.3122   0.8551  
Black or African American 0.0320   0.3465   0.0673   0.1550  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7215   0.3076   0.1419   0.8586  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   0.7750  
Asian 0.5881   0.4067   0.8569   0.3449  
Two or More Races 0.4426   0.0568   0.3431   0.2047  
Hispanic or Latino 0.5014   0.9500   0.8634   0.5714  
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.3094   0.7029   0.0865   0.3941  
High School Graduate 0.7963   0.2255   0.4749   0.7549  
Some College 0.3826   0.7070   0.5155   0.4296  
College Graduate 0.4072   0.3983   0.8196   0.2523  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.9594   0.5489   0.9866   0.5923  
Part-Time 0.5774   0.9938   0.7856   0.8894  
Unemployed 0.9186   0.6061   0.8895   0.7491  
Other3 0.7449   0.7071   0.4369   0.7062  
120411
Table 6.21C (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 605 646 173 221 423 456 565 602
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 266 293 94 170 209 187 245 242
Midwest 233 240 60 86 175 179 217 228
South 397 392 92 92 265 273 357 387
West 313 354 98 79 219 249 299 331
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 496 571 129 201 336 358 465 506
Small Metro 401 404 95 76 258 276 355 383
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 329 349 61 67 205 231 285 333
< 250K Pop. 230 219 72 35 160 151 210 202
Nonmetro 270 294 75 77 163 176 246 287
Urbanized 169 199 47 37 108 122 160 188
Less Urbanized 204 212 52 68 116 130 177 206
Completely Rural 63 70 23 5 31 23 64 70
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 313 315 127 102 238 216 266 295
$20,000 - $49,999 352 339 96 90 231 237 330 316
$50,000 - $74,999 302 308 56 61 197 200 282 288
$75,000 or More 341 444 42 174 254 283 323 372
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 313 298 111 75 223 214 286 272
No 592 648 131 209 390 424 543 590
120411
Table 6.21D (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.27 0.29 0.08 0.10 0.19 0.20 0.25 0.27
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.64 0.70 0.23 0.41 0.51 0.45 0.59 0.58
Midwest 0.47 0.49 0.12 0.17 0.36 0.36 0.44 0.46
South 0.49 0.48 0.11 0.11 0.33 0.33 0.44 0.47
West 0.61 0.68 0.19 0.15 0.43 0.48 0.59 0.64
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.40 0.41 0.11 0.17 0.28 0.28 0.37 0.38
Small Metro 0.51 0.52 0.14 0.11 0.37 0.38 0.46 0.50
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.61 0.65 0.14 0.15 0.42 0.47 0.54 0.64
< 250K Pop. 0.88 0.84 0.32 0.15 0.68 0.63 0.79 0.77
Nonmetro 0.62 0.70 0.20 0.20 0.40 0.45 0.58 0.69
Urbanized 0.92 1.09 0.30 0.24 0.66 0.75 0.89 1.06
Less Urbanized 0.93 1.06 0.29 0.37 0.58 0.67 0.86 1.04
Completely Rural 1.38 1.57 0.55 0.13 0.80 0.59 1.38 1.56
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.71 0.74 0.31 0.26 0.56 0.54 0.61 0.70
$20,000 - $49,999 0.45 0.42 0.13 0.12 0.31 0.31 0.42 0.40
$50,000 - $74,999 0.67 0.67 0.14 0.15 0.47 0.45 0.63 0.64
$75,000 or More 0.46 0.54 0.06 0.24 0.35 0.36 0.45 0.46
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.85 0.84 0.34 0.24 0.65 0.64 0.80 0.78
No 0.29 0.30 0.07 0.11 0.20 0.21 0.27 0.28
120411
Table 6.21P (REVISED) – Specific Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Received Mental Health
Treatment/Counseling1
TYPE OF MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Inpatient Outpatient Prescription Medication
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
2 Respondents could report receiving multiple types of mental health treatment/counseling; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7006   0.4826   0.6618   0.5550  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.2393   0.6964   0.1708   0.1148  
Midwest 0.3846   0.3461   0.7292   0.3169  
South 0.6370   0.0321   0.6336   0.7032  
West 0.0782   0.4752   0.2231   0.2026  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.3939   0.5190   0.8825   0.4473  
Small Metro 0.8386   0.2972   0.9534   0.8191  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.6365   0.9705   0.6108   0.6667  
< 250K Pop. 0.2833   0.0994   0.3734   0.2990  
Nonmetro 0.6778   0.0351   0.1480   0.7364  
Urbanized 0.9865   0.0657   0.5746   0.7796  
Less Urbanized 0.4515   0.3426   0.2712   0.9744  
Completely Rural 0.7317   0.1053   0.0310   0.5465  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.3281   0.0597   0.0682   0.7166  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.9244   0.3557   0.8465   0.9015  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.3433   0.4383   0.6936   0.2860  
$75,000 or More 0.3080   0.1985   0.6082   0.5785  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.2659   0.0130   0.2837   0.4527  
No 0.2693   0.5541   0.8532   0.2440  
90407
Table 6.22C – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 97 157 17 17 51 32 84 153
Outpatient 228 224 40 46 140 147 172 153
Prescription Medication 425 495 57 60 225 239 341 407
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 40 36 11 10 25 33 29 9
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 66 33 10 17 34 18 56 22
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 373 391 49 49 241 221 293 315
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 114 147 20 20 83 74 78 133
90407
Table 6.22D – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 0.33 0.52 0.50 0.48 0.36 0.23 0.71 1.21
Outpatient 0.74 0.70 1.08 1.09 0.91 0.95 1.40 1.18
Prescription Medication 1.03 1.17 1.37 1.27 1.29 1.27 2.07 2.30
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.14 0.12 0.31 0.29 0.18 0.24 0.25 0.07
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.22 0.11 0.28 0.47 0.24 0.13 0.47 0.18
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 1.04 1.07 1.20 1.13 1.33 1.28 2.04 2.08
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 0.38 0.48 0.57 0.55 0.57 0.52 0.66 1.04
90407
Table 6.22P – Types of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling Received in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Type of Mental Health Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling or combinations of types of treatment information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED ONLY ONE TREATMENT TYPE                
Inpatient 0.5886   0.6180   0.0634   0.9039  
Outpatient 0.7822   0.0171   0.7845   0.5473  
Prescription Medication 0.1078   0.8087   0.5571   0.1574  
RECEIVED TWO TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient and Outpatient 0.4970   0.3215   0.8757   0.3664  
Inpatient and Prescription Medication 0.0242   0.1026   0.0498   0.0406  
Outpatient and Prescription Medication 0.3669   0.1113   0.4232   0.1610  
RECEIVED ALL THREE TREATMENT TYPES                
Inpatient, Outpatient, and Prescription Medication 0.6414   0.3770   0.2521   0.1091  
90407
Table 6.23C – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 450 421 240 228 415 382
Illicit Drugs4 228 205 135 113 177 168
Alcohol 405 393 210 209 381 360
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 324 327 197 188 265 275
Illicit Drugs4 191 179 115 101 147 140
Alcohol 281 293 167 169 234 248
90407
Table 6.23D – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 0.20 0.19 0.77 0.71 0.20 0.19
Illicit Drugs4 0.10 0.09 0.45 0.38 0.09 0.09
Alcohol 0.18 0.17 0.68 0.65 0.18 0.18
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 0.15 0.15 0.63 0.59 0.13 0.14
Illicit Drugs4 0.09 0.08 0.39 0.33 0.08 0.07
Alcohol 0.13 0.13 0.54 0.53 0.12 0.12
90407
Table 6.23P – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment/Counseling: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year dependence/abuse for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
4 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 0.6790   0.4676   0.9619  
Illicit Drugs4 0.9426   0.5525   0.6208  
Alcohol 0.5472   0.8449   0.5753  
DEPENDENCE3            
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol4 0.3591   0.6216   0.4221  
Illicit Drugs4 0.7753   0.8020   0.5665  
Alcohol 0.4495   0.2672   0.8619  
90407
Table 6.24C – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 192 210 30 32 125 128 133 165
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
  Part of a Clinic
329 359 54 57 230 208 237 276
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 218 221 25 24 122 131 177 174
Outpatient Medical Clinic 138 154 15 20 85 80 112 131
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 88 42 8 14 48 36 75 18
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 15 21 12 15 10 12 * 7
Some Other Place3 72 49 8 9 29 25 65 41
90407
Table 6.24D – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 1.16 1.22 1.50 1.45 1.45 1.43 2.23 2.70
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
  Part of a Clinic
1.50 1.49 1.80 1.72 1.74 1.74 3.17 3.24
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 1.27 1.32 1.27 1.15 1.35 1.50 2.74 2.87
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.86 0.96 0.82 1.00 1.03 0.98 1.90 2.21
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.57 0.28 0.47 0.73 0.60 0.45 1.31 0.33
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.10 0.14 0.63 0.77 0.13 0.16 * 0.14
Some Other Place3 0.47 0.32 0.46 0.47 0.36 0.33 1.16 0.74
90407
Table 6.24P – Location of Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Location of Treatment/Counseling1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents were permitted to specify other locations for receiving outpatient mental health treatment/counseling. This location is one of the most commonly reported other locations for receiving outpatient treatment/counseling.
3 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Place Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Outpatient Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.3029   0.3979   0.7906   0.1604  
Office of a Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor - Not
  Part of a Clinic
0.1726   0.7746   0.7089   0.1636  
Doctor's Office - Not Part of a Clinic 0.3363   0.1091   0.8322   0.2711  
Outpatient Medical Clinic 0.9424   0.1551   0.7609   0.9373  
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 0.2542   0.2818   0.7733   0.1286  
School or University Setting/Clinic/Center2 0.2029   0.5501   0.4849   *  
Some Other Place3 0.3798   0.8696   0.7344   0.4253  
90407
Table 6.25C – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 276 282 41 49 182 186 198 206
Family Member Not Living in Household 59 50 14 18 30 43 48 12
Private Health Insurance 300 292 41 42 189 180 226 216
Medicare 209 207 16 14 79 75 189 194
Medicaid 120 128 20 20 86 92 83 88
Rehabilitation Program 34 29 6 5 17 19 29 21
Employer 118 122 14 14 83 85 81 91
VA or Other Military Program 136 128 11 10 50 43 126 119
Other Public Source 78 55 12 13 58 38 51 36
Other Private Source 35 59 13 7 24 25 21 53
Free Treatment 73 67 21 21 37 46 59 39
90407
Table 6.25D – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 1.45 1.45 1.75 1.86 1.67 1.81 3.02 3.04
Family Member Not Living in Household 0.38 0.33 0.78 0.92 0.38 0.55 0.86 0.22
Private Health Insurance 1.56 1.46 1.80 1.75 1.80 1.78 3.24 3.17
Medicare 1.27 1.24 0.85 0.73 0.97 0.93 2.95 3.01
Medicaid 0.76 0.82 1.09 1.02 1.06 1.12 1.46 1.57
Rehabilitation Program 0.22 0.19 0.34 0.26 0.21 0.24 0.52 0.39
Employer 0.74 0.78 0.77 0.72 0.99 1.06 1.42 1.61
VA or Other Military Program 0.88 0.82 0.60 0.55 0.62 0.55 2.16 2.05
Other Public Source 0.50 0.36 0.64 0.67 0.71 0.49 0.91 0.66
Other Private Source 0.23 0.39 0.70 0.35 0.31 0.32 0.39 0.97
Free Treatment 0.48 0.44 1.12 1.07 0.46 0.59 1.06 0.72
90407
Table 6.25P – Source of Payment for Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling among Persons Aged 18 or Older Who Received Outpatient Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 18-25
(2007)
Aged 18-25
(2008)
Aged 26-49
(2007)
Aged 26-49
(2008)
Aged 50+
(2007)
Aged 50+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Outpatient Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received outpatient care for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Self or Family Member Living in Household 0.8463   0.0475   0.6817   0.8790  
Family Member Not Living in Household 0.7510   0.7196   0.1743   0.0520  
Private Health Insurance 0.6171   0.7044   0.5745   0.3167  
Medicare 0.7039   0.6752   0.9568   0.5736  
Medicaid 0.4623   0.5062   0.8350   0.4920  
Rehabilitation Program 0.5598   0.8376   0.4380   0.8948  
Employer 0.7759   0.8335   0.8144   0.5006  
VA or Other Military Program 0.5754   0.1634   0.8372   0.5889  
Other Public Source 0.0248   0.9209   0.0852   0.1196  
Other Private Source 0.5002   0.1589   0.9634   0.2393  
Free Treatment 0.7031   0.7174   0.2740   0.6936  
90407
Table 6.26C – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 328 321 243 233 226 226
AGE            
18-25 74 83 46 57 65 68
26-49 238 233 185 167 161 171
50 or Older 208 206 154 159 134 136
GENDER            
Male 192 207 154 118 121 163
Female 268 248 192 201 185 168
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 302 302 226 225 206 204
White 282 289 217 206 177 191
Black or African American 103 115 63 71 79 85
Other or Two or More Races 65 63 38 49 54 39
Hispanic or Latino 123 115 83 70 92 95
EDUCATION            
< High School 155 107 125 72 89 75
High School Graduate 170 167 121 127 117 109
Some College 172 178 120 135 120 119
College Graduate 170 189 120 112 116 146
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 226 238 162 156 162 178
Part-Time 121 126 87 90 82 90
Unemployed 62 85 45 59 44 62
Other3 195 180 149 143 116 101
90407
Table 6.26D – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.15 0.14 0.78 0.75 0.11 0.11
AGE            
18-25 0.23 0.25 1.15 1.30 0.21 0.21
26-49 0.24 0.23 1.12 1.07 0.18 0.19
50 or Older 0.23 0.22 1.28 1.23 0.17 0.17
GENDER            
Male 0.18 0.19 1.43 1.15 0.12 0.16
Female 0.23 0.21 0.93 0.96 0.19 0.17
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.16 0.16 0.77 0.77 0.12 0.12
White 0.18 0.18 0.82 0.80 0.13 0.14
Black or African American 0.39 0.44 3.25 3.18 0.33 0.36
Other or Two or More Races 0.48 0.45 4.07 4.28 0.42 0.30
Hispanic or Latino 0.42 0.38 3.56 3.19 0.34 0.33
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.42 0.31 2.45 1.95 0.28 0.24
High School Graduate 0.24 0.24 1.34 1.41 0.19 0.18
Some College 0.30 0.30 1.49 1.54 0.24 0.24
College Graduate 0.27 0.29 1.28 1.15 0.22 0.27
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.18 0.19 1.14 1.09 0.15 0.16
Part-Time 0.41 0.42 1.90 1.85 0.33 0.35
Unemployed 0.84 0.93 4.07 4.07 0.71 0.80
Other3 0.30 0.28 1.29 1.25 0.22 0.19
90407
Table 6.26P – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment and Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.3064   0.4508   0.3524  
AGE            
18-25 0.3251   0.8001   0.5734  
26-49 0.1934   0.5648   0.3028  
50 or Older 0.7462   0.7329   0.6682  
GENDER            
Male 0.8202   0.1292   0.3534  
Female 0.2627   0.8739   0.0544  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6034   0.4958   0.7247  
White 0.5820   0.5819   0.8181  
Black or African American 0.4346   0.8913   0.7390  
Other or Two or More Races 0.2050   0.2050   0.2436  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1596   0.7117   0.1612  
EDUCATION            
< High School 0.0071   0.0426   0.0721  
High School Graduate 0.7525   0.8536   0.6355  
Some College 0.1844   0.2398   0.7883  
College Graduate 0.4371   0.2358   0.8481  
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 0.2095   0.3611   0.4345  
Part-Time 0.9666   0.3343   0.5095  
Unemployed 0.7250   0.3839   0.7718  
Other3 0.5182   0.9137   0.1517  
120411
Table 6.27C (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 330 322 246 234 226 226
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 126 127 98 95 83 90
Midwest 127 143 99 98 87 92
South 204 200 141 142 151 144
West 191 165 145 123 116 118
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 258 251 186 164 174 181
Small Metro 195 185 142 140 126 114
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 153 163 101 121 111 96
< 250K Pop. 116 95 98 71 58 61
Nonmetro 113 138 84 107 74 83
Urbanized 82 101 62 79 46 62
Less Urbanized 72 88 51 69 52 50
Completely Rural 37 28 * * 29 19
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 162 180 130 125 90 122
$20,000 - $49,999 190 188 136 126 129 136
$50,000 - $74,999 158 134 112 101 109 86
$75,000 or More 167 158 107 108 122 114
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 176 171 141 126 99 106
No 283 288 200 199 199 205
120411
Table 6.27D (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.15 0.14 0.78 0.75 0.11 0.11
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.31 0.31 1.50 1.59 0.24 0.25
Midwest 0.26 0.29 1.37 1.32 0.20 0.22
South 0.25 0.24 1.26 1.32 0.21 0.20
West 0.37 0.32 2.15 1.67 0.25 0.25
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.21 0.20 1.20 1.05 0.16 0.17
Small Metro 0.28 0.26 1.38 1.35 0.22 0.19
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.34 0.34 1.65 1.74 0.29 0.24
< 250K Pop. 0.49 0.41 2.39 1.99 0.31 0.31
Nonmetro 0.30 0.35 1.45 1.91 0.23 0.25
Urbanized 0.50 0.59 2.40 2.97 0.35 0.44
Less Urbanized 0.40 0.46 1.85 2.78 0.34 0.31
Completely Rural 0.87 0.75 * * 0.74 0.56
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 0.39 0.45 1.67 1.92 0.27 0.37
$20,000 - $49,999 0.25 0.26 1.42 1.36 0.20 0.21
$50,000 - $74,999 0.37 0.32 1.98 1.68 0.30 0.24
$75,000 or More 0.24 0.21 1.19 1.10 0.20 0.18
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 0.52 0.54 1.78 1.95 0.39 0.42
No 0.15 0.14 0.83 0.80 0.12 0.12
120411
Table 6.27P (REVISED) – Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment, and Geographic or Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic Characteristic Total1 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING2
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received. Respondents with unknown unmet need information were excluded.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent past year unmet need for all persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
2 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.3317   0.4449   0.3832  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION            
Northeast 0.9941   0.7209   0.8509  
Midwest 0.6764   0.9216   0.9048  
South 0.1780   0.6777   0.2271  
West 0.5704   0.2286   0.7109  
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 0.4056   0.1603   0.9355  
Small Metro 0.4591   0.7107   0.3984  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.9372   0.4727   0.3166  
< 250K Pop. 0.1368   0.0798   0.9498  
Nonmetro 0.8606   0.2373   0.3179  
Urbanized 0.7783   0.9424   0.7093  
Less Urbanized 0.3322   0.0398   0.5166  
Completely Rural 0.3326   *   0.2750  
FAMILY INCOME            
Less Than $20,000 0.2624   0.4469   0.1799  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.5846   0.6086   0.8068  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.1260   0.1684   0.2245  
$75,000 or More 0.0610   0.3388   0.0567  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3            
Yes 0.5064   0.9434   0.4175  
No 0.5460   0.4678   0.6109  
90407
Table 6.28C – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 335 332 243 233 226 226
Could Not Afford Cost 223 215 162 152 147 140
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
  Have Negative Opinion
79 77 51 60 59 54
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 91 76 58 56 70 52
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
84 92 49 68 68 61
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
110 92 83 72 74 55
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 110 138 79 88 79 106
Concerned about Confidentiality 103 108 71 88 78 63
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take
  Medicine
94 101 88 61 37 79
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 89 58 61 40 64 43
Could Handle the Problem Without
  Treatment
160 144 118 88 111 112
Treatment Would Not Help 109 78 91 61 60 49
Did Not Have Time 126 105 87 77 91 71
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 71 61 49 41 53 41
No Transportation/Inconvenient 39 54 36 46 20 28
Some Other Reason4 79 80 49 64 64 50
90407
Table 6.28D – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Could Not Afford Cost 1.51 1.54 2.26 2.12 1.96 2.13
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
  Have Negative Opinion
0.71 0.71 0.95 1.07 1.05 1.02
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.80 0.70 1.05 1.03 1.24 1.00
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
0.75 0.84 0.90 1.24 1.20 1.15
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
0.97 0.83 1.43 1.29 1.31 1.04
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.95 1.20 1.38 1.55 1.36 1.82
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.90 0.99 1.25 1.56 1.36 1.19
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take
  Medicine
0.83 0.90 1.52 1.11 0.69 1.44
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 0.80 0.54 1.09 0.74 1.14 0.83
Could Handle the Problem Without
  Treatment
1.24 1.21 1.90 1.55 1.72 1.88
Treatment Would Not Help 0.96 0.71 1.58 1.11 1.08 0.94
Did Not Have Time 1.07 0.95 1.50 1.41 1.53 1.31
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.64 0.58 0.89 0.76 0.96 0.81
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.36 0.51 0.66 0.86 0.37 0.54
Some Other Reason4 0.71 0.74 0.90 1.17 1.13 0.95
90407
Table 6.28P – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with an Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment in the Past Year, by Receipt of Past Year Mental Health Treatment: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Reason Did Not Receive
Treatment/Counseling1
Total2 MENTAL HEALTH TREATMENT/COUNSELING3
Received Not Received
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not applicable.
NOTE: Unmet Need for Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as a perceived need for treatment that was not received.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates in the Total column represent reasons for not receiving mental health treatment/counseling for all persons aged 18 or older with an unmet need for treatment, including those with unknown mental health treatment/counseling information.
3 Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
4 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION N/A   N/A   N/A  
Could Not Afford Cost 0.9575   0.9656   0.8596  
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to
  Have Negative Opinion
0.5179   0.0958   0.5149  
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 0.3823   0.7258   0.1162  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Any
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
0.4503   0.1760   0.8344  
Health Insurance Does Not Cover Enough
  Mental Health Treatment/Counseling
0.0331   0.2542   0.0483  
Did Not Know Where to Go for Services 0.1056   0.0985   0.4587  
Concerned about Confidentiality 0.4982   0.6789   0.1417  
Fear of Being Committed/Have to Take
  Medicine
0.9497   0.1653   0.0651  
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment 0.0134   0.1879   0.0251  
Could Handle the Problem Without
  Treatment
0.1462   0.1004   0.7691  
Treatment Would Not Help 0.0343   0.1215   0.1515  
Did Not Have Time 0.2316   0.8786   0.1671  
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 0.0642   0.4761   0.0740  
No Transportation/Inconvenient 0.2368   0.4935   0.2708  
Some Other Reason4 0.8252   0.4861   0.3072  
90406
Table 6.29C – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious Thoughts
of Suicide
Made Any Suicide Plans Attempted Suicide
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 299 155 105
AGE      
18-25 73 38 31
26-49 192 99 67
50 or Older 210 108 76
GENDER      
Male 205 109 62
Female 211 112 86
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 282 143 97
White 265 133 86
Black or African American 88 41 37
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 6 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 18 5 *
Asian 44 9 5
Two or More Races 38 26 20
Hispanic or Latino 92 59 41
EDUCATION      
< High School 98 50 38
High School Graduate 174 79 53
Some College 166 98 72
College Graduate 136 79 39
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 199 93 51
Part-Time 116 75 68
Unemployed 60 31 13
Other1 177 95 62
90406
Table 6.29D – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide, Made Any Suicide Plans, or Attempted Suicide in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had Serious Thoughts
of Suicide
Made Any Suicide Plans Attempted Suicide
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.13 0.07 0.05
AGE      
18-25 0.22 0.12 0.10
26-49 0.19 0.10 0.07
50 or Older 0.23 0.12 0.08
GENDER      
Male 0.19 0.10 0.06
Female 0.18 0.10 0.07
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.15 0.07 0.05
White 0.16 0.09 0.06
Black or African American 0.34 0.16 0.14
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.92 0.60 0.30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 2.21 0.68 *
Asian 0.46 0.09 0.05
Two or More Races 1.48 1.03 0.78
Hispanic or Latino 0.30 0.20 0.14
EDUCATION      
< High School 0.28 0.14 0.11
High School Graduate 0.25 0.11 0.08
Some College 0.29 0.17 0.13
College Graduate 0.22 0.13 0.06
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 0.16 0.08 0.04
Part-Time 0.38 0.25 0.22
Unemployed 0.67 0.34 0.14
Other1 0.28 0.15 0.10
90406
Table 6.30C – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Attempted Suicide Got Medical Attention for
Suicide Attempt
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
Hospital for Suicide Attempt
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 105 96 89
AGE      
18-25 31 18 14
26-49 67 57 52
50 or Older 76 76 72
GENDER      
Male 62 55 51
Female 86 80 74
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 97 88 82
White 86 79 74
Black or African American 37 32 30
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 1 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 0
Asian 5 * *
Two or More Races 20 19 *
Hispanic or Latino 41 37 34
EDUCATION      
< High School 38 35 30
High School Graduate 53 44 40
Some College 72 68 65
College Graduate 39 38 36
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 51 40 31
Part-Time 68 64 63
Unemployed 13 7 6
Other1 62 59 55
90406
Table 6.30D – Attempted Suicide, Got Medical Attention for Suicide Attempt, or Stayed Overnight or Longer in a Hospital for Suicide Attempt in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Attempted Suicide Got Medical Attention for
Suicide Attempt
Stayed Overnight or Longer in a
Hospital for Suicide Attempt
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based only on responses to suicide items in the Mental Health module.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008.
TOTAL 0.05 0.04 0.04
AGE      
18-25 0.10 0.05 0.04
26-49 0.07 0.06 0.05
50 or Older 0.08 0.08 0.08
GENDER      
Male 0.06 0.05 0.05
Female 0.07 0.07 0.06
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE      
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.05 0.05 0.04
White 0.06 0.05 0.05
Black or African American 0.14 0.13 0.12
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.30 0.10 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.01 0.01
Asian 0.05 * *
Two or More Races 0.78 0.76 *
Hispanic or Latino 0.14 0.12 0.11
EDUCATION      
< High School 0.11 0.10 0.09
High School Graduate 0.08 0.06 0.06
Some College 0.13 0.12 0.11
College Graduate 0.06 0.06 0.06
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT      
Full-Time 0.04 0.03 0.03
Part-Time 0.22 0.21 0.21
Unemployed 0.14 0.08 0.06
Other1 0.10 0.09 0.09
90407
Table 6.31C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2007)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2007)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2007)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 77 72 42 44 47 46 48 43
Outpatient 72 69 39 41 43 44 44 41
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
67 67 34 38 40 41 42 39
Mental Health Clinic or Center 30 32 17 14 17 22 18 19
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
28 26 18 14 14 17 16 12
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
37 35 20 24 23 19 20 21
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
34 32 18 19 22 21 19 18
Hospital 31 28 17 16 19 19 18 16
Residential Treatment Center 17 19 9 11 11 12 11 11
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
13 14 6 8 9 9 8 8
EDUCATION2 72 71 43 42 42 46 41 39
School Counselor, School Psychologist
  or Regular Meetings with a Teacher
67 67 41 40 37 44 38 37
Special Education Services While in a
  Regular Classroom or Placement in a
  Special Classroom, Special Program or
  Special School
38 38 23 21 25 23 20 20
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 35 36 18 19 23 23 21 20
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
48 49 27 29 30 30 27 27
90407
Table 6.31D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2007)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2007)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2007)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.31 0.29 0.50 0.53 0.52 0.50 0.52 0.46
Outpatient 0.29 0.28 0.47 0.50 0.49 0.48 0.49 0.44
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
0.27 0.27 0.41 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.46 0.42
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.12 0.13 0.20 0.19 0.20 0.25 0.21 0.21
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
0.11 0.10 0.22 0.18 0.16 0.20 0.19 0.14
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
0.15 0.14 0.25 0.30 0.26 0.22 0.23 0.24
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
0.13 0.13 0.22 0.24 0.25 0.24 0.22 0.20
Hospital 0.12 0.11 0.21 0.21 0.23 0.22 0.20 0.18
Residential Treatment Center 0.07 0.08 0.11 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.12
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
0.05 0.06 0.08 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.09
EDUCATION2 0.29 0.29 0.51 0.52 0.47 0.50 0.45 0.43
School Counselor, School Psychologist
  or Regular Meetings with a Teacher
0.27 0.27 0.47 0.50 0.42 0.48 0.43 0.41
Special Education Services While in a
  Regular Classroom or Placement in a
  Special Classroom, Special Program or
  Special School
0.15 0.15 0.28 0.27 0.29 0.27 0.24 0.23
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.14 0.14 0.23 0.25 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.23
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
0.19 0.20 0.33 0.37 0.35 0.35 0.31 0.30
90407
Table 6.31P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2007)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2007)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2007)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.5812   0.1369   0.5027   0.2732  
Outpatient 0.4990   0.1073   0.4858   0.2994  
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
0.5433   0.2952   0.4444   0.5084  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.7895   0.1088   0.4325   0.9474  
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
0.2940   0.2035   0.1728   0.0399  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
0.8095   0.0266   0.1906   0.5689  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
0.6351   0.9351   0.7722   0.6715  
Hospital 0.3163   0.5846   0.8442   0.3316  
Residential Treatment Center 0.9437   0.8787   0.3882   0.5235  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
0.6976   0.7789   0.8373   0.8562  
EDUCATION2 0.5375   0.1672   0.5698   0.4167  
School Counselor, School Psychologist
  or Regular Meetings with a Teacher
0.3549   0.4079   0.0891   0.4153  
Special Education Services While in a
  Regular Classroom or Placement in a
  Special Classroom, Special Program or
  Special School
0.3113   0.5861   0.2238   0.9319  
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.6489   0.4133   0.8962   0.8958  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
0.5012   0.3302   0.3610   0.4293  
90407
Table 6.32C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 77 72 72 69 34 32 72 71 35 36 48 49
GENDER                        
Male 51 49 45 46 25 22 47 48 22 24 29 30
Female 57 54 56 53 23 24 54 52 28 25 38 37
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 42 44 39 41 18 19 43 42 18 19 27 29
14-15 47 46 43 44 22 21 42 46 23 23 30 30
16-17 48 43 44 41 19 18 41 39 21 20 27 27
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 69 64 65 63 30 26 65 62 34 32 43 42
White 66 63 63 61 25 22 58 55 30 28 37 37
Black or African American 32 28 28 26 17 14 41 32 10 12 20 18
American Indian or Alaska Native * 6 * 5 1 3 * 6 * 2 * 4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 13 15 11 15 8 3 12 13 7 5 9 10
Two or More Races 7 11 7 11 3 5 9 12 3 4 6 9
Hispanic or Latino 30 34 28 32 14 18 31 35 11 18 18 24
90407
Table 6.32D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.31 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.13 0.13 0.29 0.29 0.14 0.14 0.19 0.20
GENDER                        
Male 0.40 0.39 0.35 0.37 0.20 0.17 0.37 0.38 0.17 0.19 0.23 0.24
Female 0.47 0.45 0.45 0.44 0.19 0.20 0.44 0.43 0.22 0.20 0.31 0.31
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 0.50 0.53 0.47 0.50 0.22 0.24 0.51 0.52 0.23 0.25 0.33 0.37
14-15 0.52 0.50 0.49 0.48 0.25 0.24 0.47 0.50 0.27 0.27 0.35 0.35
16-17 0.52 0.46 0.49 0.44 0.22 0.20 0.45 0.43 0.24 0.23 0.31 0.30
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.34 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.15 0.13 0.32 0.31 0.17 0.16 0.21 0.21
White 0.40 0.38 0.38 0.37 0.16 0.15 0.35 0.35 0.20 0.19 0.24 0.25
Black or African American 0.70 0.71 0.63 0.66 0.43 0.35 0.89 0.74 0.26 0.30 0.49 0.45
American Indian or Alaska Native * 3.19 * 2.84 0.91 2.51 * 4.11 * 1.50 * 3.00
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.25 1.54 1.10 1.52 0.80 0.37 1.21 1.32 0.73 0.53 0.91 1.05
Two or More Races 1.79 1.99 1.69 1.98 0.70 0.98 1.93 2.13 0.71 0.82 1.43 1.65
Hispanic or Latino 0.66 0.74 0.60 0.68 0.31 0.39 0.67 0.75 0.24 0.37 0.39 0.51
90407
Table 6.32P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5812   0.4990   0.6351   0.5375   0.6489   0.5012  
GENDER                        
Male 1.0000   0.6607   0.2858   0.2246   0.3859   0.9653  
Female 0.4650   0.6086   0.6799   0.7802   0.8909   0.4051  
AGE GROUP                        
12-13 0.1369   0.1073   0.9351   0.1672   0.4133   0.3302  
14-15 0.5027   0.4858   0.7722   0.5698   0.8962   0.3610  
16-17 0.2732   0.2994   0.6715   0.4167   0.8958   0.4293  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8801   0.7905   0.1476   0.8444   0.5278   0.8317  
White 0.6058   0.6215   0.6579   0.4293   0.4445   0.5752  
Black or African American 0.0888   0.4621   0.0391   0.0703   0.4622   0.1988  
American Indian or Alaska Native *   *   0.0818   *   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.4707   0.4316   0.4420   0.7151   0.4366   0.6829  
Two or More Races 0.6467   0.5000   0.6511   0.4372   0.3126   0.6698  
Hispanic or Latino 0.0990   0.2717   0.1480   0.0930   0.0088   0.0476  
120411
Table 6.33C (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic or
Socioeconomic Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 77 72 72 70 34 33 72 71 35 36 48 49
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 32 32 29 31 14 12 30 31 12 13 22 23
Midwest 32 27 30 26 15 13 28 27 19 13 24 18
South 41 43 38 42 21 20 43 43 22 25 27 28
West 44 42 40 40 18 18 37 40 17 18 24 27
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 67 65 62 61 26 24 64 64 25 24 38 41
Small Metro 43 43 41 42 17 18 40 40 20 23 25 26
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 34 38 33 37 13 14 30 34 14 18 20 22
< 250K Pop. 27 24 25 23 10 12 27 22 14 14 16 14
Nonmetro 30 30 26 28 15 14 30 27 18 16 21 17
Urbanized 18 20 17 19 7 8 22 18 8 10 12 10
Less Urbanized 21 21 18 19 12 12 19 18 11 12 12 12
Completely Rural 15 8 14 8 5 3 7 11 12 4 13 5
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 36 34 32 31 19 17 38 31 13 17 23 21
$20,000 - $49,999 43 43 41 41 20 21 44 45 21 20 31 28
$50,000 - $74,999 38 33 36 31 14 10 32 33 13 15 20 23
$75,000 or More 45 51 44 50 15 16 42 43 22 22 26 30
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 40 39 34 36 21 19 38 39 16 20 24 25
No 73 73 70 69 28 27 70 67 33 31 44 45
120411
Table 6.33D (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic or
Socioeconomic Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.31 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.14 0.13 0.29 0.29 0.14 0.14 0.19 0.20
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 0.73 0.74 0.65 0.73 0.31 0.27 0.68 0.72 0.28 0.30 0.49 0.53
Midwest 0.57 0.49 0.54 0.48 0.27 0.24 0.52 0.49 0.33 0.24 0.43 0.34
South 0.45 0.49 0.42 0.46 0.23 0.22 0.47 0.48 0.25 0.28 0.30 0.31
West 0.74 0.71 0.67 0.68 0.30 0.30 0.63 0.68 0.28 0.31 0.39 0.46
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 0.44 0.44 0.40 0.42 0.19 0.18 0.40 0.44 0.18 0.18 0.26 0.30
Small Metro 0.52 0.49 0.50 0.49 0.22 0.24 0.50 0.48 0.26 0.29 0.33 0.32
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.65 0.63 0.63 0.62 0.27 0.28 0.58 0.61 0.27 0.36 0.39 0.42
< 250K Pop. 0.96 0.86 0.90 0.82 0.40 0.47 0.97 0.80 0.53 0.50 0.62 0.53
Nonmetro 0.64 0.61 0.57 0.58 0.35 0.34 0.64 0.56 0.42 0.36 0.49 0.38
Urbanized 0.87 0.95 0.82 0.88 0.40 0.43 1.09 0.91 0.44 0.52 0.67 0.55
Less Urbanized 0.88 0.90 0.75 0.84 0.56 0.53 0.85 0.79 0.50 0.57 0.56 0.57
Completely Rural 2.81 1.81 2.76 1.74 1.13 0.76 1.38 2.25 2.66 0.98 2.67 1.42
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 0.73 0.79 0.68 0.75 0.42 0.45 0.77 0.77 0.30 0.43 0.51 0.53
$20,000 - $49,999 0.52 0.53 0.49 0.51 0.25 0.27 0.53 0.56 0.26 0.25 0.38 0.35
$50,000 - $74,999 0.78 0.66 0.73 0.64 0.31 0.21 0.64 0.67 0.30 0.32 0.43 0.48
$75,000 or More 0.48 0.51 0.48 0.50 0.17 0.18 0.45 0.45 0.25 0.24 0.29 0.33
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 0.70 0.74 0.63 0.70 0.41 0.39 0.68 0.74 0.32 0.40 0.46 0.50
No 0.34 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.14 0.13 0.31 0.31 0.16 0.15 0.21 0.21
120411
Table 6.33P (REVISED) – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic or
Socioeconomic Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3 MEDICAL4 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient2
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
5 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
6 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4344   0.3789   0.7485   0.3910   0.5954   0.4013  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                        
Northeast 0.7573   0.3837   0.5756   0.4783   0.9319   0.4355  
Midwest 0.2181   0.1406   0.8803   0.9801   0.8907   0.1679  
South 0.7339   0.6978   0.3798   0.8164   0.7824   0.9032  
West 0.0941   0.1136   0.3685   0.4286   0.3530   0.0333  
COUNTY TYPE                        
Large Metro 0.6418   0.4368   0.4983   0.1056   0.8682   0.3174  
Small Metro 0.7507   0.7133   0.8605   0.4197   0.3607   0.5628  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.9034   0.7868   0.3960   0.8526   0.5130   0.2800  
< 250K Pop. 0.7105   0.7949   0.1799   0.2730   0.5391   0.5365  
Nonmetro 0.4759   0.7992   0.8195   0.9970   0.8313   0.5408  
Urbanized 0.2657   0.2743   0.5425   0.4220   0.4192   0.6178  
Less Urbanized 0.5808   0.8338   0.9411   0.7949   0.6831   0.9115  
Completely Rural 0.3541   0.4494   0.8911   0.1669   0.3807   0.4414  
FAMILY INCOME                        
Less Than $20,000 0.6460   0.6907   0.6728   0.7693   0.1424   0.9612  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.9152   0.9707   0.7226   0.6979   0.5579   0.6762  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.4062   0.4765   0.3043   0.3538   0.6473   0.3158  
$75,000 or More 0.0779   0.0798   0.4632   0.2899   0.7631   0.1739  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE6                        
Yes 0.9586   0.5439   0.3985   0.7339   0.1087   0.9226  
No 0.3528   0.4715   0.7314   0.3777   0.8044   0.3364  
90730
Table 6.34C – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services only pertains to treatment/counseling from school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH
SERVICES7
77 72 72 69 34 32 72 71 35 36 48 49
Thought about Killing Self or
  Tried to Kill Self
31 32 29 31 18 16 19 21 9 14 16 18
Felt Depressed 53 50 51 49 18 16 43 39 21 19 30 29
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 28 35 27 35 11 11 26 27 10 13 15 16
Eating Problems 24 23 21 22 9 9 15 15 11 11 12 11
Other Diagnosed Mental/
  Neurological Disorder8
10 10 9 9 3 2 2 4 4 6 2 2
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 36 37 34 36 14 13 31 31 13 13 19 19
Trouble Controlling Anger 28 28 28 27 9 9 21 23 8 10 10 12
Got into Physical Fights 15 16 14 15 5 5 17 14 4 7 8 4
Problems at Home/Family 40 39 39 39 10 10 26 28 10 13 16 17
Problems with Friends 24 27 23 27 5 5 28 31 5 6 12 16
Problems with People Other
  Than Family/Friends
20 24 20 24 6 5 23 22 13 8 10 11
Problems at School 29 32 28 31 8 10 32 35 12 12 14 17
Some Other Reason9 23 23 22 21 8 11 17 18 13 11 10 10
90730
Table 6.34D – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services only pertains to treatment/counseling from school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH
SERVICES7
0.31 0.29 0.29 0.28 0.13 0.13 0.29 0.29 0.14 0.14 0.19 0.20
Thought about Killing Self or
  Tried to Kill Self
1.03 1.05 1.01 1.07 3.18 3.12 0.79 0.83 1.61 2.09 1.36 1.44
Felt Depressed 1.32 1.27 1.36 1.29 3.21 3.12 1.44 1.29 3.07 2.48 1.96 1.92
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 0.96 1.13 0.97 1.17 2.40 2.35 1.08 1.05 1.81 2.01 1.27 1.25
Eating Problems 0.83 0.79 0.78 0.80 2.09 2.05 0.63 0.64 2.00 1.85 1.00 0.90
Other Diagnosed Mental/
  Neurological Disorder8
0.36 0.35 0.36 0.35 0.82 0.56 0.09 0.17 0.82 1.01 0.15 0.14
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 1.15 1.13 1.17 1.16 2.93 2.82 1.17 1.14 2.22 1.93 1.55 1.47
Trouble Controlling Anger 0.97 0.91 0.99 0.93 2.09 1.99 0.86 0.89 1.49 1.54 0.86 0.97
Got into Physical Fights 0.53 0.56 0.53 0.56 1.29 1.29 0.72 0.57 0.77 1.15 0.70 0.38
Problems at Home/Family 1.24 1.20 1.27 1.26 2.23 2.27 1.08 1.06 1.73 1.99 1.30 1.34
Problems with Friends 0.83 0.94 0.86 0.98 1.24 1.25 1.11 1.18 0.97 0.94 1.02 1.27
Problems with People Other
  Than Family/Friends
0.71 0.82 0.73 0.85 1.36 1.20 0.97 0.88 2.33 1.33 0.85 0.89
Problems at School 0.99 1.04 1.00 1.08 1.86 2.18 1.27 1.21 2.07 1.80 1.19 1.37
Some Other Reason9 0.80 0.79 0.80 0.76 1.75 2.54 0.74 0.74 2.18 1.80 0.85 0.86
90730
Table 6.34P – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL6
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient3
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information in the past year were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with teachers or (2) special education services while in a regular classroom or placement in a special classroom, program, or school. Reason for Receipt of Mental Health Services only pertains to treatment/counseling from school counselors, school psychologists, or regular meetings with a teacher. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
8 Respondent specified that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
9 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH
SERVICES7
0.5812   0.4990   0.6351   0.5375   0.6489   0.5012  
Thought about Killing Self or
  Tried to Kill Self
0.6595   0.9054   0.0330   0.5788   0.0347   0.3716  
Felt Depressed 0.4310   0.4560   0.2687   0.2881   0.1310   0.6772  
Felt Very Afraid or Tense 0.0863   0.0219   0.4118   0.6694   0.1726   0.7479  
Eating Problems 0.6867   0.6564   0.4165   0.5555   0.8893   0.4569  
Other Diagnosed Mental/
  Neurological Disorder8
0.6947   0.9963   0.2300   0.5204   0.3052   0.6853  
Breaking Rules or "Acting Out" 0.7156   0.6487   0.9165   0.9364   0.8975   0.9374  
Trouble Controlling Anger 0.7171   0.6536   0.8203   0.7427   0.2579   0.8909  
Got into Physical Fights 0.4192   0.4330   0.7294   0.1628   0.3891   0.0914  
Problems at Home/Family 0.9618   0.9476   0.7382   0.9305   0.3459   0.8580  
Problems with Friends 0.1250   0.0804   0.7389   0.8427   0.5334   0.0502  
Problems with People Other
  Than Family/Friends
0.3325   0.2683   0.8801   0.3928   0.9896   0.4151  
Problems at School 0.2244   0.2639   0.2213   0.4141   0.7384   0.2845  
Some Other Reason9 0.5494   0.2570   0.1690   0.9319   0.7855   0.9939  
90407
Table 6.35C – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information in the past year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 34 32 30 28 38 38 32 37 24 27
Outpatient 29 28 30 27 37 37 32 36 22 25
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
34 31 25 25 35 34 28 34 17 20
Mental Health Clinic or Center 15 17 11 11 16 12 14 20 8 6
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
15 16 12 10 12 9 11 11 6 5
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
19 18 17 14 18 18 13 18 10 8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
21 19 12 11 12 12 11 13 11 11
Hospital 23 19 7 9 10 11 11 12 7 6
Residential Treatment Center 10 12 7 4 6 7 7 9 8 6
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
* 4 * * * * * * * *
90407
Table 6.35D – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Error of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information in the past year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 1.07 1.06 1.00 0.96 1.18 1.13 1.04 1.13 0.82 0.90
Outpatient 1.03 1.04 1.11 1.02 1.25 1.21 1.13 1.22 0.84 0.93
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
1.33 1.21 1.11 1.02 1.32 1.28 1.14 1.30 0.77 0.88
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.43 2.79 1.84 2.07 2.46 2.17 2.24 3.02 1.50 1.21
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
3.32 3.60 2.93 2.76 2.82 2.55 2.62 2.78 1.54 1.45
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
2.53 2.46 2.34 2.02 2.45 2.42 1.82 2.45 1.50 1.22
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
2.92 2.89 2.01 1.93 2.16 2.19 1.90 2.38 1.88 2.01
Hospital 3.15 3.39 1.55 1.99 2.05 2.53 2.25 2.61 1.51 1.51
Residential Treatment Center 4.56 5.06 3.42 2.27 3.09 3.66 3.64 4.42 3.59 3.28
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
* 3.79 * * * * * * * *
90407
Table 6.35P – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information in the past year or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.1919   0.7369   0.3191   0.1910   0.3137  
Outpatient 0.3270   0.2685   0.2580   0.1944   0.4245  
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
  Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
  Counselor
0.3002   0.6346   0.9450   0.1212   0.9951  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.0893   0.6315   0.0138   0.1641   0.0208  
Partial Day Hospital or Day
  Treatment Program
0.1360   0.6433   0.3676   0.8899   0.2058  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
  Family Preservation Worker
0.3596   0.7750   0.8262   0.0870   0.2401  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
  Longer Stay)
0.2885   0.5241   0.8160   0.0919   0.5129  
Hospital 0.0649   0.0909   0.2771   0.4868   0.4578  
Residential Treatment Center 0.7859   0.2261   0.1447   0.5574   0.1278  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
  Care Home
*   *   *   *   *  
90427
Table 6.36C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Gender/Age Category Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 63 60 49 53 41 37 35 32
12 13 18 10 14 8 10 * *
13 22 20 15 16 15 11 11 9
14 22 24 18 20 11 14 10 12
15 29 28 24 23 19 16 17 15
16 34 31 26 27 20 20 17 18
17 29 32 23 29 17 19 15 17
MALE 33 30 26 24 22 17 18 14
12 7 11 6 8 * * * *
13 11 12 9 10 * * * *
14 10 12 8 11 * * * *
15 16 12 14 8 * * * *
16 20 14 14 13 * * * *
17 15 16 12 12 8 7 * *
FEMALE 51 50 41 45 34 33 29 30
12 10 13 9 11 * * * *
13 19 17 12 13 13 9 * *
14 20 21 17 17 10 12 10 9
15 24 25 20 21 16 15 14 14
16 27 27 22 24 16 18 14 16
17 24 27 20 26 15 17 14 16
90427
Table 6.36D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Gender/Age Category Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.24 0.20 0.22 1.52 1.48 1.90 1.73
12 0.32 0.46 0.26 0.37 5.81 5.45 * *
13 0.53 0.51 0.37 0.42 4.73 4.19 5.84 5.27
14 0.52 0.57 0.45 0.49 3.54 3.83 4.48 4.25
15 0.62 0.61 0.53 0.51 3.29 3.33 4.00 4.19
16 0.72 0.65 0.57 0.58 2.95 3.00 3.59 3.59
17 0.65 0.71 0.54 0.64 2.92 3.46 3.77 4.10
MALE 0.26 0.24 0.20 0.20 2.84 2.74 3.53 3.24
12 0.37 0.58 0.28 0.44 * * * *
13 0.52 0.59 0.43 0.48 * * * *
14 0.48 0.55 0.40 0.51 * * * *
15 0.71 0.53 0.62 0.36 * * * *
16 0.84 0.64 0.59 0.58 * * * *
17 0.71 0.73 0.56 0.54 5.06 5.07 * *
FEMALE 0.43 0.42 0.34 0.38 1.83 1.75 2.25 2.06
12 0.52 0.69 0.44 0.58 * * * *
13 0.94 0.86 0.62 0.69 5.45 4.83 * *
14 0.96 1.01 0.85 0.84 4.17 4.39 5.41 4.69
15 1.02 1.11 0.87 0.97 3.91 3.88 4.77 4.83
16 1.16 1.15 0.97 1.04 3.54 3.56 4.29 4.23
17 1.07 1.19 0.91 1.13 3.61 4.21 4.46 4.89
90427
Table 6.36P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Gender/Age Category Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7754   0.1586   0.5760   0.6144  
12 0.0550   0.1219   0.1855   *  
13 0.9436   0.3480   0.2834   0.6063  
14 0.2564   0.1333   0.8864   0.5428  
15 0.3380   0.2335   0.2360   0.4591  
16 0.8283   0.3229   0.2823   0.4511  
17 0.5944   0.9243   0.8493   0.9767  
MALE 0.4015   0.5656   0.4707   0.4580  
12 0.2121   0.2573   *   *  
13 0.5987   0.7158   *   *  
14 0.2392   0.1112   *   *  
15 0.0088   0.0011   *   *  
16 0.2574   0.9070   *   *  
17 0.7566   0.6599   0.6485   *  
FEMALE 0.3853   0.0429   0.7907   0.7920  
12 0.1280   0.2638   *   *  
13 0.8455   0.3512   0.4853   *  
14 0.5501   0.4517   0.6686   0.4136  
15 0.4530   0.4425   0.2920   0.6304  
16 0.8560   0.3310   0.4353   0.4856  
17 0.6152   0.7601   0.9789   0.6129  
90427
Table 6.37C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Age Category Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 603 501 558 470
18 51 38 34 *
19 48 39 28 *
20 35 28 21 *
21 48 40 25 *
22 45 36 30 *
23 43 33 * *
24 41 28 26 *
25 42 31 26 *
26-49 362 288 322 255
50 or Older 458 393 441 *
90427
Table 6.37D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Age Category Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 0.27 0.22 1.79 2.12
18 1.02 0.76 5.30 *
19 1.06 0.87 5.80 *
20 0.88 0.72 5.44 *
21 1.17 0.99 5.74 *
22 1.07 0.86 5.80 *
23 1.01 0.79 * *
24 1.03 0.72 5.45 *
25 1.01 0.77 5.92 *
26-49 0.37 0.29 2.52 2.88
50 or Older 0.50 0.43 3.51 *
90428
Table 6.38C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Gender/Age Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 603 501 558 470
18-25 122 92 80 67
26-49 362 288 322 255
50 or Older 458 393 441 *
MALE 351 293 300 255
18-25 70 51 37 29
26-49 263 191 226 170
50 or Older 234 227 * *
FEMALE 484 404 468 391
18-25 99 79 72 62
26-49 261 222 237 197
50 or Older 393 321 * *
90428
Table 6.38D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Gender/Age Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 0.27 0.22 1.79 2.12
18-25 0.37 0.28 2.01 2.55
26-49 0.37 0.29 2.52 2.88
50 or Older 0.50 0.43 3.51 *
MALE 0.33 0.27 3.40 3.90
18-25 0.42 0.31 3.40 4.52
26-49 0.54 0.39 4.57 4.63
50 or Older 0.55 0.54 * *
FEMALE 0.42 0.35 1.96 2.32
18-25 0.61 0.48 2.40 3.04
26-49 0.52 0.44 2.75 3.50
50 or Older 0.80 0.65 * *
90427
Table 6.39C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 63 60 49 53 41 37 35 32
Not Hispanic or Latino 57 54 45 48 38 33 32 30
White 52 49 41 43 33 31 29 28
Black or African American 26 25 20 21 17 12 12 11
American Indian or Alaska Native 2 5 2 3 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 15 19 11 16 * * * *
Two or More Races 7 10 6 9 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 26 27 21 23 13 16 11 12
90427
Table 6.39D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.24 0.20 0.22 1.52 1.48 1.90 1.73
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.28 0.27 0.22 0.24 1.64 1.58 2.06 1.92
White 0.33 0.31 0.26 0.28 1.84 1.89 2.33 2.22
Black or African American 0.63 0.62 0.50 0.53 4.36 3.57 4.97 4.29
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.60 2.89 1.07 2.27 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.43 1.80 1.05 1.60 * * * *
Two or More Races 1.61 1.84 1.52 1.76 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 0.58 0.58 0.47 0.49 3.65 4.08 4.23 4.36
90427
Table 6.39P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.7754   0.1586   0.5760   0.6144  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9199   0.1286   0.4459   0.4966  
White 0.9803   0.1420   0.8551   0.6527  
Black or African American 0.3895   0.5197   0.2068   0.9930  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.0966   0.1255   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.7140   0.7127   *   *  
Two or More Races 0.4155   0.3145   *   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6367   0.9448   0.6836   0.8158  
90427
Table 6.40C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE
with Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 603 501 558 470
GENDER        
Male 351 293 300 255
Female 484 404 468 391
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 552 475 512 449
White 538 457 481 419
Black or African American 148 120 113 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 24 11 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 141 137 * *
Two or More Races 57 44 * *
Hispanic or Latino 236 132 * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 190 156 158 *
High School Graduate 382 335 344 315
Some College 314 246 279 212
College Graduate 306 224 261 211
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 401 290 331 244
Part-Time 276 232 263 224
Unemployed 141 110 * *
Other3 375 338 343 307
MARITAL STATUS        
Married 397 332 356 299
Widowed 120 80 * *
Divorced or Separated 356 306 333 290
Never Married 293 223 229 187
90427
Table 6.40D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic Characteristic Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE
with Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 0.27 0.22 1.79 2.12
GENDER        
Male 0.33 0.27 3.40 3.90
Female 0.42 0.35 1.96 2.32
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.29 0.25 1.76 2.16
White 0.33 0.29 1.92 2.42
Black or African American 0.58 0.47 5.67 *
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.83 0.92 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 1.43 1.39 * *
Two or More Races 2.42 1.89 * *
Hispanic or Latino 0.78 0.44 * *
EDUCATION        
< High School 0.54 0.45 4.61 *
High School Graduate 0.53 0.47 2.88 3.35
Some College 0.52 0.41 3.21 4.12
College Graduate 0.48 0.36 3.98 3.77
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT        
Full-Time 0.32 0.23 2.83 3.21
Part-Time 0.87 0.74 3.72 4.74
Unemployed 1.68 1.35 * *
Other3 0.58 0.52 3.01 3.61
MARITAL STATUS        
Married 0.31 0.26 2.79 3.54
Widowed 0.88 0.60 * *
Divorced or Separated 1.16 1.02 3.55 4.03
Never Married 0.48 0.38 2.91 3.25
120411
Table 6.41C (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 63 60 49 54 41 37 35 33
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 25 22 20 22 19 14 15 13
Midwest 24 23 21 20 15 13 14 12
South 39 39 30 32 25 23 19 20
West 35 36 28 32 22 22 20 20
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 51 50 40 44 31 29 26 26
Small Metro 36 38 29 34 21 21 18 19
Nonmetro 23 26 18 21 14 14 12 12
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 27 26 22 22 17 16 13 13
$20,000 - $49,999 38 35 30 31 23 20 19 19
$50,000 - $74,999 27 26 23 21 16 14 14 13
$75,000 or More 36 40 29 34 22 24 20 21
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 29 30 23 27 19 18 15 16
No 59 58 46 50 35 34 30 30
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 53 56 42 48 34 31 30 28
Medicaid/CHIP5 35 33 26 27 21 19 16 16
Other6 15 16 12 14 * * * *
No Coverage 17 16 14 13 6 8 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 29 30 23 25 17 18 14 16
Very Good 42 42 33 35 26 23 22 21
Good 34 32 26 28 22 20 18 18
Fair/Poor 17 19 15 18 12 9 * *
120411
Table 6.41D (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.20 0.22 1.52 1.48 1.90 1.73
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.57 0.51 0.45 0.51 3.70 3.60 4.06 4.19
Midwest 0.43 0.42 0.37 0.37 2.55 2.50 3.24 2.95
South 0.44 0.44 0.33 0.36 2.58 2.61 3.36 3.12
West 0.60 0.61 0.47 0.55 3.60 3.36 4.35 3.89
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.35 0.35 0.28 0.31 2.21 2.23 2.71 2.66
Small Metro 0.46 0.47 0.38 0.42 2.53 2.65 3.11 3.09
Nonmetro 0.52 0.57 0.42 0.46 3.43 3.08 4.39 3.69
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.60 0.64 0.49 0.55 3.64 3.81 4.35 4.18
$20,000 - $49,999 0.48 0.44 0.37 0.39 2.59 2.71 3.12 3.09
$50,000 - $74,999 0.56 0.54 0.48 0.44 3.63 3.20 4.49 4.09
$75,000 or More 0.41 0.42 0.33 0.37 2.65 2.59 3.35 3.13
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.54 0.61 0.45 0.54 3.34 3.32 4.05 3.73
No 0.28 0.27 0.22 0.23 1.66 1.70 2.09 2.04
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.31 0.33 0.25 0.28 1.87 1.85 2.31 2.21
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.50 0.48 0.39 0.41 3.08 2.90 3.58 3.31
Other6 1.31 1.33 1.11 1.23 * * * *
No Coverage 0.86 0.78 0.71 0.66 3.81 5.22 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.34 0.34 0.27 0.29 3.09 3.22 4.05 3.92
Very Good 0.39 0.39 0.31 0.33 2.36 2.31 2.88 2.71
Good 0.62 0.58 0.49 0.53 2.75 2.76 3.35 3.34
Fair/Poor 1.61 1.82 1.45 1.75 5.69 5.69 * *
120411
Table 6.41P (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2007)
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2007)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2007)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.6585   0.1339   0.5471   0.6279  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.6854   0.6874   0.0185   0.0557  
Midwest 0.8038   0.7608   0.9048   0.4495  
South 0.5715   0.1367   0.6425   0.5421  
West 0.5883   0.5848   0.9561   0.8475  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.9063   0.5360   0.6303   0.9935  
Small Metro 0.7403   0.3763   0.7228   0.8733  
Nonmetro 0.3512   0.1310   0.1904   0.0790  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.8706   0.7700   0.6663   0.4439  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.3168   0.7052   0.7824   0.4425  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.7576   0.8704   0.4201   0.8767  
$75,000 or More 0.1744   0.0704   0.6018   0.3899  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.6309   0.1492   0.4755   0.3855  
No 0.7892   0.3544   0.7627   0.8980  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.2748   0.1356   0.2817   0.5671  
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.6614   0.5575   0.7099   0.4305  
Other6 0.7404   0.4613   *   *  
No Coverage 0.6011   0.6743   0.0621   *  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.7194   0.7656   0.1261   0.0745  
Very Good 0.4768   0.2348   0.2235   0.4468  
Good 0.8961   0.3402   0.7513   0.3388  
Fair/Poor 0.3828   0.4140   0.2904   *  
120411
Table 6.42C (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 608 502 560 472
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 232 178 222 169
Midwest 239 194 221 177
South 392 320 334 287
West 309 270 298 259
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 453 346 391 309
Small Metro 301 254 270 232
Nonmetro 289 260 266 243
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 352 295 290 270
$20,000 - $49,999 341 256 308 229
$50,000 - $74,999 273 229 241 *
$75,000 or More 252 202 234 185
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3        
Yes 303 253 278 236
No 556 446 484 397
HEALTH INSURANCE4        
Private 460 358 393 318
Medicaid/CHIP5 211 185 196 180
Other6 308 268 280 *
No Coverage 300 236 267 217
OVERALL HEALTH7        
Excellent 190 155 145 *
Very Good 292 200 251 169
Good 398 318 345 296
Fair/Poor 349 312 315 288
120411
Table 6.42D (REVISED) – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE Had MDE with Severe
Impairment1
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE2
Received Treatment for
Depression in the Past Year
among Persons with MDE with
Severe Impairment1,2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 0.27 0.22 1.79 2.11
GEOGRAPHIC REGION        
Northeast 0.56 0.43 3.30 3.48
Midwest 0.49 0.40 2.92 3.68
South 0.48 0.39 3.53 4.15
West 0.60 0.52 3.32 3.80
COUNTY TYPE        
Large Metro 0.37 0.28 2.80 3.18
Small Metro 0.43 0.37 2.62 3.03
Nonmetro 0.73 0.66 4.12 4.79
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 0.88 0.74 3.94 4.12
$20,000 - $49,999 0.46 0.35 2.69 3.36
$50,000 - $74,999 0.62 0.53 4.19 *
$75,000 or More 0.35 0.28 3.51 4.18
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3        
Yes 0.90 0.76 3.21 3.45
No 0.28 0.23 2.16 2.53
HEALTH INSURANCE4        
Private 0.29 0.22 2.53 2.98
Medicaid/CHIP5 1.12 1.00 3.47 2.54
Other6 0.60 0.52 4.02 *
No Coverage 0.82 0.66 3.76 5.08
OVERALL HEALTH7        
Excellent 0.36 0.29 5.00 *
Very Good 0.34 0.24 2.92 3.70
Good 0.63 0.51 3.43 3.67
Fair/Poor 1.15 1.04 3.06 3.18
90721
Table 6.43C – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 88 86 39 43 97 91
Marijuana and Hashish 75 72 31 32 74 73
Cocaine 27 24 11 12 23 20
Crack 11 7 7 5 9 5
Heroin 6 11 4 5 5 9
Hallucinogens 34 35 15 14 31 32
LSD 15 18 4 8 14 16
PCP 9 10 3 5 9 8
Ecstasy 26 27 11 11 23 24
Inhalants 43 44 19 21 40 40
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 63 58 28 28 59 54
Pain Relievers 59 54 26 26 53 50
OxyContin® 19 17 10 10 16 14
Tranquilizers 31 29 15 14 27 25
Stimulants4 27 28 12 12 25 26
Methamphetamine4 14 14 6 5 13 13
Sedatives 15 14 7 8 13 11
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 73 69 33 33 74 67
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 34 28 14 11 31 26
Heavy Alcohol Use6 37 30 13 10 34 28
90721
Table 6.43D – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.35 0.35 1.49 1.66 0.35 0.34
Marijuana and Hashish 0.30 0.29 1.33 1.37 0.30 0.29
Cocaine 0.11 0.10 0.54 0.58 0.10 0.09
Crack 0.04 0.03 0.32 0.26 0.04 0.02
Heroin 0.02 0.05 0.19 0.27 0.02 0.04
Hallucinogens 0.14 0.14 0.70 0.66 0.13 0.14
LSD 0.06 0.07 0.22 0.38 0.06 0.07
PCP 0.04 0.04 0.16 0.27 0.04 0.03
Ecstasy 0.10 0.11 0.53 0.53 0.10 0.11
Inhalants 0.17 0.18 0.87 0.97 0.17 0.17
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.25 0.23 1.19 1.25 0.24 0.23
Pain Relievers 0.23 0.22 1.12 1.16 0.22 0.22
OxyContin® 0.07 0.07 0.49 0.46 0.07 0.06
Tranquilizers 0.12 0.12 0.71 0.67 0.12 0.11
Stimulants4 0.11 0.11 0.56 0.61 0.10 0.11
Methamphetamine4 0.06 0.06 0.31 0.27 0.06 0.06
Sedatives 0.06 0.06 0.35 0.39 0.06 0.05
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.29 0.28 1.35 1.40 0.29 0.27
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.14 0.11 0.66 0.53 0.13 0.12
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.15 0.12 0.60 0.50 0.15 0.13
90721
Table 6.43P – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Substance Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.5857   0.3869   0.9797  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1955   0.7959   0.3146  
Cocaine 0.0431   0.6236   0.0513  
Crack 0.0216   0.5114   0.0297  
Heroin 0.1158   0.6598   0.1605  
Hallucinogens 0.1395   0.6645   0.0982  
LSD 0.0097   0.1728   0.0404  
PCP 0.5972   0.0614   0.5452  
Ecstasy 0.4337   0.9440   0.3900  
Inhalants 0.9722   0.6273   0.6839  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.2702   0.5732   0.2912  
Pain Relievers 0.5232   1.0000   0.3852  
OxyContin® 0.8199   0.6640   0.7743  
Tranquilizers 0.6764   0.3134   1.0000  
Stimulants4 0.3447   0.2995   0.5373  
Methamphetamine4 0.2701   0.6023   0.2218  
Sedatives 0.8871   0.8038   0.8286  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.8078   0.3853   0.9277  
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.0015   0.1848   0.0107  
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.0501   0.5552   0.0450  
90721
Table 6.44C – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Substance Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
PAST YEAR USE      
Illicit Drugs2 787 296 762
Marijuana and Hashish 665 207 647
Cocaine 290 100 260
Crack 139 41 130
Heroin 66 32 58
Hallucinogens 155 62 135
LSD 58 19 53
PCP 19 5 19
Ecstasy 111 48 99
Inhalants 87 24 85
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 512 229 466
Pain Relievers 427 149 403
OxyContin® 119 29 115
Tranquilizers 305 190 248
Stimulants4 161 61 144
Methamphetamine4 94 32 78
Sedatives 79 30 72
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 583 249 526
PAST MONTH USE      
Daily Cigarette Use5 957 343 943
Heavy Alcohol Use6 580 147 571
90721
Table 6.44D – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Substance Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
PAST YEAR USE      
Illicit Drugs2 0.35 1.77 0.35
Marijuana and Hashish 0.30 1.39 0.30
Cocaine 0.13 0.70 0.13
Crack 0.06 0.29 0.06
Heroin 0.03 0.22 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.07 0.45 0.07
LSD 0.03 0.13 0.03
PCP 0.01 0.03 0.01
Ecstasy 0.05 0.34 0.05
Inhalants 0.04 0.17 0.04
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.23 1.45 0.22
Pain Relievers 0.19 1.03 0.19
OxyContin® 0.05 0.21 0.06
Tranquilizers 0.14 1.26 0.12
Stimulants4 0.07 0.44 0.07
Methamphetamine4 0.04 0.23 0.04
Sedatives 0.04 0.21 0.03
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.26 1.57 0.25
PAST MONTH USE      
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.43 2.00 0.43
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.26 1.02 0.27
90427
Table 6.45C – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 41 46 21 26 38 38
Marijuana 36 39 16 20 33 34
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 29 31 16 19 25 24
Alcohol 48 49 21 23 45 42
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 29 29 14 16 27 23
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 57 59 26 30 53 52
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 30 35 16 20 26 29
Marijuana 25 29 10 12 23 26
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 22 23 14 17 17 15
Alcohol 31 29 15 15 28 26
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 16 16 9 9 13 13
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 41 43 20 23 37 37
90427
Table 6.45D – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.16 0.18 0.97 1.17 0.16 0.17
Marijuana 0.14 0.15 0.74 0.94 0.14 0.15
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.12 0.13 0.77 0.89 0.11 0.11
Alcohol 0.19 0.20 0.96 1.05 0.19 0.19
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.11 0.12 0.68 0.76 0.12 0.10
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.22 0.24 1.14 1.32 0.23 0.22
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.12 0.14 0.75 0.95 0.12 0.13
Marijuana 0.10 0.12 0.47 0.60 0.10 0.12
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.09 0.09 0.66 0.81 0.08 0.06
Alcohol 0.12 0.12 0.71 0.74 0.12 0.11
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.06 0.06 0.45 0.44 0.06 0.06
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.16 0.17 0.91 1.10 0.16 0.16
90427
Table 6.45P – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2007)
Total1
(2008)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2007)
No
Major
Depressive
Episode
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.2278   0.1140   0.8240  
Marijuana 0.1755   0.1245   0.5602  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.7566   0.4481   0.7467  
Alcohol 0.0459   0.7340   0.0122  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.2419   0.5885   0.0686  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.8455   0.1813   0.2753  
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.1132   0.1378   0.5161  
Marijuana 0.0495   0.2102   0.1458  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.9298   0.2690   0.2997  
Alcohol 0.0681   0.6546   0.0344  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.4530   0.4809   0.2175  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.8741   0.1960   0.5194  
90721
Table 6.46C – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 270 120 242
Marijuana 195 72 181
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 203 101 175
Alcohol 571 182 547
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 173 90 147
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 603 198 572
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 230 110 199
Marijuana 157 55 145
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 174 100 140
Alcohol 402 163 376
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 104 66 79
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 447 181 417
90721
Table 6.46D – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1 Major Depressive Episode No Major Depressive Episode
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 18 or older, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2      
Illicit Drugs3 0.12 0.85 0.12
Marijuana 0.09 0.52 0.09
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.09 0.70 0.08
Alcohol 0.25 1.24 0.26
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.08 0.64 0.07
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.27 1.34 0.27
DEPENDENCE2      
Illicit Drugs3 0.10 0.77 0.10
Marijuana 0.07 0.39 0.07
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.08 0.69 0.07
Alcohol 0.18 1.10 0.18
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.05 0.46 0.04
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.20 1.22 0.19
90427
Table 6.47C – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2007)
MDE
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2007)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL3 39 36 33 32
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 17 17 16 16
Other Medical Doctor4 8 7 7 7
Psychologist 22 21 20 20
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 21 18 18 17
Social Worker 11 14 10 13
Counselor 29 27 26 25
Other Mental Health Professional5 11 11 11 11
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
12 10 12 9
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 14 16 13 16
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
4 5 4 5
Other7 3 5 2 5
90427
Table 6.47D – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2007)
MDE
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2007)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 2.04 2.27 2.45 2.57
Other Medical Doctor4 1.10 1.04 1.23 1.20
Psychologist 2.41 2.42 2.75 2.65
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2.48 2.26 2.70 2.55
Social Worker 1.51 1.84 1.74 2.13
Counselor 2.46 2.64 2.63 2.95
Other Mental Health Professional5 1.46 1.48 1.81 1.77
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
1.54 1.43 1.95 1.57
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 1.85 2.18 2.15 2.51
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
0.55 0.72 0.71 0.85
Other7 0.37 0.68 0.45 0.84
90427
Table 6.47P – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2007)
MDE
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2007)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL3 N/A   N/A  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 0.6559   0.5762  
Other Medical Doctor4 0.3936   0.3530  
Psychologist 0.6973   0.6231  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 0.8960   0.3260  
Social Worker 0.1412   0.1493  
Counselor 0.5649   0.8799  
Other Mental Health Professional5 0.8811   0.8774  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
0.3115   0.0427  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 0.3481   0.2300  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
0.1108   0.1890  
Other7 0.1530   0.1057  
90427
Table 6.48C – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Type of Professional1 Major Depressive Episode Major Depressive Episode with
Severe Impairment2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL3 542 460
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 429 372
Other Medical Doctor4 194 184
Psychologist 240 214
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 360 328
Social Worker 129 117
Counselor 209 167
Other Mental Health Professional5 138 132
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
126 103
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 254 185
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
145 80
Other7 93 91
90427
Table 6.48D – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or a Past Year MDE with Severe Impairment Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Type of Professional1 Major Depressive Episode Major Depressive Episode with
Severe Impairment2
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) home management, (2) work, (3) close relationships with others, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Past Year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 18 or older with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL3 0.00 0.00
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 2.69 3.16
Other Medical Doctor4 1.86 2.45
Psychologist 2.25 2.80
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2.91 3.49
Social Worker 1.31 1.68
Counselor 2.10 2.39
Other Mental Health Professional5 1.39 1.88
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other
  Health Professional
1.26 1.45
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 2.35 2.46
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or
  Massage Therapist
1.47 1.16
Other7 0.98 1.36
90427
Table 6.49C – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2007)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 41 37 28 28 10 10 24 22
GENDER                
Male 22 17 15 12 7 7 14 10
Female 34 33 24 26 8 7 20 19
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 38 33 27 24 10 9 22 20
White 33 31 20 21 9 9 21 20
Black or African American 17 12 15 11 3 3 7 4
Other or Two or More Races * 6 * 4 1 1 3 4
Hispanic or Latino 13 16 10 13 3 3 8 8
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 17 16 14 12 3 4 9 9
$20,000 - $49,999 23 20 18 17 5 6 12 9
$50,000 - $74,999 16 14 11 9 5 2 10 10
$75,000 or More 22 24 13 17 6 7 16 14
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 19 18 15 14 4 4 11 9
No 35 33 24 24 9 9 21 20
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 34 31 23 23 9 8 21 19
Medicaid/CHIP3 21 19 16 15 6 4 11 10
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 6 8 4 7 2 * 4 3
90427
Table 6.49D – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2007)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.52 1.48 1.20 1.25 0.50 0.48 1.11 1.01
GENDER                
Male 2.84 2.74 2.27 2.10 1.10 1.20 2.21 1.84
Female 1.83 1.75 1.42 1.55 0.54 0.49 1.29 1.22
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.64 1.58 1.31 1.32 0.56 0.54 1.20 1.13
White 1.84 1.89 1.33 1.54 0.71 0.68 1.46 1.41
Black or African American 4.36 3.57 4.22 3.40 0.87 1.10 2.28 1.58
Other or Two or More Races * 4.09 * 3.08 1.12 0.53 2.43 2.37
Hispanic or Latino 3.65 4.08 2.90 3.68 1.05 0.99 2.46 2.09
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 3.65 3.81 3.35 3.28 0.92 1.18 2.44 2.75
$20,000 - $49,999 2.59 2.72 2.16 2.41 0.75 0.92 1.65 1.40
$50,000 - $74,999 3.62 3.20 2.87 2.33 1.50 0.56 2.63 2.51
$75,000 or More 2.65 2.60 1.98 2.09 0.94 0.90 2.27 1.87
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 3.33 3.32 3.09 2.93 1.03 1.10 2.50 2.06
No 1.66 1.70 1.31 1.38 0.57 0.53 1.19 1.15
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 1.87 1.85 1.52 1.51 0.65 0.61 1.44 1.31
Medicaid/CHIP3 3.09 2.91 2.66 2.65 1.21 0.82 1.98 1.86
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 3.79 5.21 2.80 4.79 1.08 * 2.37 2.41
90427
Table 6.49P – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2008 Versus 2007
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2007)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2007)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5760   0.5062   0.5682   0.1011  
GENDER                
Male 0.4707   0.6505   0.3170   0.2720  
Female 0.7907   0.3476   0.9651   0.2159  
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.4459   0.6576   0.5808   0.1014  
White 0.8551   0.0884   0.6275   0.1286  
Black or African American 0.2068   0.2738   0.5204   0.4549  
Other or Two or More Races *   *   0.5447   0.8886  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6836   0.5023   0.8723   0.7299  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.6505   0.9705   0.5455   0.6402  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.7963   0.3886   0.5188   0.0836  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.3906   0.6920   0.1820   0.9421  
$75,000 or More 0.6494   0.4159   0.3867   0.0849  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 0.5180   0.9662   0.6164   0.3851  
No 0.7735   0.4288   0.6925   0.1532  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 0.3164   0.8544   0.5455   0.0778  
Medicaid/CHIP3 0.6799   0.5724   0.5737   0.3281  
Other4 *   *   *   *  
No Coverage 0.0629   0.0206   *   0.8537  
90427
Table 6.50C – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional OR Used
Prescription Medication
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional Only
Used Prescription
Medication Only
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional AND Used
Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 558 258 116 486
GENDER        
Male 300 150 50 257
Female 468 212 103 413
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 512 200 115 462
White 481 184 112 427
Black or African American 113 58 17 *
Other or Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * 12 *
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 289 100 72 258
$20,000 - $49,999 307 188 43 239
$50,000 - $74,999 240 97 47 220
$75,000 or More 233 101 63 212
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1        
Yes 277 130 57 232
No 483 223 100 424
HEALTH INSURANCE2        
Private 392 203 101 336
Medicaid/CHIP3 196 64 22 182
Other4 278 102 73 242
No Coverage 266 138 32 226
90427
Table 6.50D – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 18 or Older with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional OR Used
Prescription Medication
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional Only
Used Prescription
Medication Only
Saw or Talked to Medical
Doctor or Other
Professional AND Used
Prescription Medication
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Estimates in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.7 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 (subsample).
TOTAL 1.79 1.66 0.80 2.22
GENDER        
Male 3.40 2.80 0.99 3.78
Female 1.96 2.09 1.10 2.72
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.76 1.50 0.89 2.24
White 1.92 1.61 1.02 2.45
Black or African American 5.67 4.23 1.34 *
Other or Two or More Races * * * *
Hispanic or Latino * * 0.78 *
FAMILY INCOME        
Less Than $20,000 3.85 2.67 1.90 4.41
$20,000 - $49,999 2.70 3.15 0.85 3.38
$50,000 - $74,999 4.20 3.52 1.77 5.11
$75,000 or More 3.52 3.42 2.14 4.69
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1        
Yes 3.07 3.21 1.57 4.09
No 2.16 1.94 0.92 2.62
HEALTH INSURANCE2        
Private 2.53 2.34 1.23 2.99
Medicaid/CHIP3 3.04 2.96 1.06 4.09
Other4 3.88 3.46 2.58 5.09
No Coverage 3.79 4.10 1.11 5.12

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