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90416
Table 5.1A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse Status1 Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or
Abuse
Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 247,845 249,815 229,208b 231,484 18,638 18,331 8,450 8,755 10,188 9,577
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 240,995b 242,825 225,532b 227,584 15,463 15,241 6,611 7,037 8,851 8,204
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 6,851 6,990 3,675 3,900 3,175 3,090 1,839 1,717 1,336 1,373
Dependence 4,684 4,866 2,596 2,774 2,089 2,092 1,369 1,323 720 769
Abuse 2,166 2,124 1,080 1,126 1,086 998 470 394 617 604
90416
Table 5.1B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse Status1 Total ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE STATUS
No Dependence or
Abuse
Dependence or Abuse
Total Dependence Abuse
2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008 2007 2008
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 92.5 92.7 7.5 7.3 3.4 3.5 4.1 3.8
NO DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 97.2 97.2 91.0 91.1 6.2 6.1 2.7 2.8 3.6 3.3
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE 2.8 2.8 1.5 1.6 1.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5
Dependence 1.9 1.9 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.3
Abuse 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
90416
Table 5.2A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 6,851 6,990 1,093 1,149 2,592 2,563 3,166 3,277
Marijuana and Hashish 3,932 4,199 783 840 1,834 1,841 1,314 1,518
Cocaine 1,598 1,411 96 82 450 387 1,052 942
Heroin 213 282 8 16 76 97 128 168
Hallucinogens 368 358 118 95 173 195 77 68
Inhalants 164 175 99 97 28 26 36 52
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,160 2,176 318 335 693 722 1,149 1,119
Pain Relievers 1,707 1,716 238 252 554 570 915 893
Tranquilizers 443 451 61 73 134 135 247 243
Stimulants2 406 351 75 67 117 116 214 168
Sedatives 154 126 24 22 20 33 110 71
ALCOHOL 18,638 18,331 1,364a 1,212 5,506 5,670 11,767 11,449
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,175 3,090 518 464 1,329 1,388 1,328 1,238
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,313 22,231 1,940 1,897 6,769 6,845 13,605 13,489
90416
Table 5.2B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.8 2.8 4.3 4.6 7.9 7.8 1.7 1.7
Marijuana and Hashish 1.6 1.7 3.1 3.4 5.6 5.6 0.7 0.8
Cocaine 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.2 0.6 0.5
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.9 1.3 1.3 2.1 2.2 0.6 0.6
Pain Relievers 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.7 1.7 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
ALCOHOL 7.5 7.3 5.4a 4.9 16.8 17.2 6.2 6.0
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.3 1.2 2.1 1.9 4.1 4.2 0.7 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.0 8.9 7.7 7.6 20.7 20.8 7.2 7.0
90416
Table 5.3A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,851 6,990 18,638 18,331 22,313 22,231
12 26 29 21 24 43 49
13 38 42 47 44 70 70
14 131 128 120 126 205 204
15 243 237 323b 236 431 379
16 308 317 352 352 539 539
17 346 396 502 431 652 658
18 381 455 596a 717 780 908
19 420 474 756 742 954 953
20 377 357 722 689 909 860
21 382b 257 839a 701 1,004a 825
22 284 315 734 752 873 902
23 284 264 714 809 861 927
24 246 233 617 625 751 730
25 219 209 529 635 636 740
26-29 668 888 2,011 2,329 2,375a 2,842
30-34 568 614 1,768 1,774 2,059 2,158
35-39 499 464 1,628 1,522 1,886 1,763
40-44 464 501 1,575 1,476 1,886 1,796
45-49 437 459 1,848 1,625 2,070 1,939
50-54 225 216 1,132 1,166 1,283 1,317
55-59 207a 57 888 798 1,095 839
60-64 23 22 430 400 440 419
65 or Older 76 57 486 359 511 416
90416
Table 5.3B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.5 7.3 9.0 8.9
12 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.1 1.3
13 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.7 1.8
14 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.1 5.0 5.0
15 5.5 5.4 7.4b 5.4 9.8 8.7
16 6.9 7.3 7.9 8.1 12.1 12.4
17 8.4 9.2 12.1a 10.0 15.8 15.2
18 8.0 9.3 12.5 14.6 16.4 18.5
19 9.6 10.9 17.2 17.0 21.8 21.9
20 9.2 9.0 17.7 17.4 22.2 21.7
21 9.4b 6.4 20.5a 17.6 24.6a 20.7
22 7.5 7.8 19.4 18.6 23.0 22.4
23 7.2 6.5 18.1 19.8 21.8 22.7
24 6.2 6.1 15.7 16.2 19.1 19.0
25 5.9 5.5 14.2a 16.8 17.1 19.6
26-29 4.1 5.2 12.3 13.6 14.5 16.6
30-34 3.0 3.3 9.4 9.6 10.9 11.6
35-39 2.4 2.3 7.7 7.5 9.0 8.7
40-44 2.2 2.3 7.4 6.9 8.9 8.4
45-49 1.9 2.0 8.2 7.2 9.2 8.6
50-54 1.0 1.0 5.2 5.3 5.9 6.0
55-59 1.1a 0.3 4.8 4.5 5.9 4.7
60-64 0.2 0.1 3.2 2.6 3.3 2.8
65 or Older 0.2 0.2 1.3 1.0 1.4 1.1
90416
Table 5.4A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,851 6,990 18,638 18,331 22,313 22,231
AGE            
12-17 1,093 1,149 1,364a 1,212 1,940 1,897
18-25 2,592 2,563 5,506 5,670 6,769 6,845
26 or Older 3,166 3,277 11,767 11,449 13,605 13,489
GENDER            
Male 4,541 4,105 12,712a 11,729 14,998a 13,953
Female 2,310b 2,885 5,926a 6,603 7,315b 8,278
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,981 5,964 16,231 15,510 19,455 18,894
White 4,569 4,639 13,508 12,767 15,932 15,301
Black or African American 1,082 1,049 1,846 1,956 2,484 2,615
American Indian or Alaska Native 50 51 138 91 170 121
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 25 18 52 * 70 *
Asian 115 98 452 378 502 450
Two or More Races 139 109 235 216 297 295
Hispanic or Latino 869 1,026 2,406 2,822 2,858a 3,337
90416
Table 5.4B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.5 7.3 9.0 8.9
AGE            
12-17 4.3 4.6 5.4a 4.9 7.7 7.6
18-25 7.9 7.8 16.8 17.2 20.7 20.8
26 or Older 1.7 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.2 7.0
GENDER            
Male 3.8 3.4 10.6a 9.7 12.5a 11.5
Female 1.8b 2.2 4.6a 5.1 5.7b 6.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.8 2.8 7.6 7.2 9.1 8.8
White 2.7 2.7 8.0 7.5 9.4 9.0
Black or African American 3.7 3.6 6.3 6.6 8.5 8.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.0 4.7 10.9 8.4 13.4 11.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.6 1.9 7.3 * 9.9 *
Asian 1.1 0.9 4.3 3.5 4.7 4.2
Two or More Races 5.1 3.6 8.6 7.2 10.8 9.8
Hispanic or Latino 2.5 2.9 7.0 8.0 8.3 9.5
90416
Table 5.5A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,093 1,149 1,364a 1,212 1,940 1,897
GENDER            
Male 589 555 664a 556 995 895
Female 504a 594 700 656 945 1,002
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 899 920 1,104a 966 1,597 1,523
White 705 721 953a 825 1,313 1,244
Black or African American 126 136 93 76 181 174
American Indian or Alaska Native * 12 20 15 * 22
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 21 18 19 15 34 30
Two or More Races 27 27 18 33 34 46
Hispanic or Latino 194 229 260 246 343 374
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 352 335 425 363 622 569
Female, White, Not Hispanic 352 386 529 462 692 674
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 83 84 43 40 104 102
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 43 51 50 36 77 72
Male, Hispanic 110 118 159 128 201 189
Female, Hispanic 84 111 102 118 142 185
90416
Table 5.5B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4.3 4.6 5.4a 4.9 7.7 7.6
GENDER            
Male 4.6 4.4 5.2a 4.4 7.7 7.0
Female 4.1a 4.9 5.7 5.4 7.7 8.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4.4 4.6 5.4a 4.8 7.8 7.6
White 4.7 4.9 6.3a 5.6 8.7 8.5
Black or African American 3.3 3.6 2.4 2.0 4.7 4.6
American Indian or Alaska Native * 8.4 12.0 10.9 * 16.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.5 3.3 3.1
Two or More Races 6.5 5.4 4.3 6.6 8.1 9.2
Hispanic or Latino 4.2 4.8 5.6 5.2 7.3 7.9
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 4.6 4.4 5.5 4.8 8.1 7.6
Female, White, Not Hispanic 4.8 5.4 7.2 6.5 9.4 9.4
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 4.3 4.4 2.2 2.1 5.4 5.3
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 2.2 2.7 2.6 1.9 4.0 3.8
Male, Hispanic 4.6 4.9 6.7 5.3 8.4 7.8
Female, Hispanic 3.7 4.8 4.4 5.1 6.2 8.0
90416
Table 5.6A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,592 2,563 5,506 5,670 6,769 6,845
GENDER            
Male 1,719a 1,505 3,457 3,444 4,254 4,114
Female 873b 1,058 2,050 2,226 2,515a 2,731
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,229 2,139 4,729 4,794 5,804 5,793
White 1,731 1,700 3,946 3,946 4,750 4,731
Black or African American 350 330 476 539 671 690
American Indian or Alaska Native * 26 35 32 * 46
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 8 * * * * *
Asian 58 34 170 173 201 192
Two or More Races 57 38 83 72 110 100
Hispanic or Latino 362 424 777 876 964 1,052
EDUCATION            
< High School 729 648 948 933 1,326 1,216
High School Graduate 880 972 1,631a 1,825 2,074a 2,283
Some College 802 744 2,109 1,982 2,467 2,324
College Graduate 181 199 818 929 901 1,022
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1,104 1,058 2,774 2,736 3,296 3,216
Part-Time 616 682 1,410 1,481 1,695 1,813
Unemployed 374 381 492a 609 681 754
Other2 498 442 830 844 1,097 1,062
90416
Table 5.6B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7.9 7.8 16.8 17.2 20.7 20.8
GENDER            
Male 10.4a 9.1 21.0 20.8 25.8 24.8
Female 5.4a 6.5 12.6 13.6 15.5 16.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.3 7.9 17.6 17.7 21.5 21.3
White 8.6 8.4 19.5 19.4 23.5 23.3
Black or African American 7.7 7.1 10.5 11.6 14.9 14.8
American Indian or Alaska Native * 15.4 20.9 18.5 * 26.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 6.0 * * * * *
Asian 4.0 2.3 11.8 11.6 13.9 12.9
Two or More Races 12.9 9.3 18.9 17.5 24.8 24.3
Hispanic or Latino 6.3 7.3 13.4 15.1 16.7 18.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 11.7 11.0 15.3 15.9 21.3 20.7
High School Graduate 7.9 8.4 14.7 15.7 18.6 19.6
Some College 7.3 6.9 19.2 18.3 22.5 21.4
College Graduate 4.1 4.3 18.5 20.3 20.4 22.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 7.2 7.1 18.1 18.3 21.5 21.5
Part-Time 7.3 8.0 16.7 17.3 20.1 21.2
Unemployed 14.3 12.5 18.8 19.9 26.1 24.7
Other2 7.8 7.0 13.0 13.3 17.2 16.7
90416
Table 5.7A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,166 3,277 11,767 11,449 13,605 13,489
GENDER            
Male 2,232 2,045 8,591 7,729 9,750 8,943
Female 934a 1,233 3,176a 3,720 3,855a 4,545
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,853 2,905 10,398 9,749 12,054 11,577
White 2,133 2,218 8,609 7,995 9,869 9,326
Black or African American 607 584 1,278 1,341 1,631 1,752
American Indian or Alaska Native 7 13 83 44 87 53
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 36 46 263 190 267 228
Two or More Races 55 43 133 110 153 149
Hispanic or Latino 313 373 1,369 1,700 1,551 1,911
EDUCATION            
< High School 764 653 1,819 1,641 2,233 2,117
High School Graduate 1,000 1,186 3,663 3,623 4,245 4,317
Some College 904 894 2,933 3,166 3,471 3,709
College Graduate 498 544 3,352 3,020 3,656 3,346
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1,673 1,854 8,082 8,199 9,012 9,284
Part-Time 474 357 1,152 1,316 1,422 1,501
Unemployed 252 389 596 705 738 952
Other2 766 677 1,937b 1,229 2,433b 1,753
90416
Table 5.7B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.7 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.2 7.0
GENDER            
Male 2.5 2.2 9.5a 8.4 10.7 9.7
Female 0.9 1.2 3.2a 3.7 3.9a 4.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.7 1.7 6.3 5.8 7.3 6.9
White 1.6 1.7 6.4 5.9 7.4 6.9
Black or African American 2.9 2.8 6.1 6.3 7.8 8.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7 1.7 8.9 5.7 9.3 6.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 0.4 0.6 3.2 2.3 3.3 2.7
Two or More Races 2.9 2.1 7.1 5.3 8.2 7.1
Hispanic or Latino 1.3 1.5 5.8 6.9 6.5 7.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 2.5 2.2 6.0 5.6 7.4 7.3
High School Graduate 1.8 2.0 6.4 6.2 7.4 7.4
Some College 1.9 1.9 6.3 6.8 7.5 8.0
College Graduate 0.9 0.9 6.0 5.2 6.5 5.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 1.6 1.7 7.6 7.6 8.5 8.7
Part-Time 2.2 1.6 5.5 6.1 6.7 6.9
Unemployed 5.6 6.6 13.3 11.9 16.4 16.1
Other2 1.3 1.2 3.3b 2.2 4.2a 3.1
90416
Table 5.8A – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 5,758 5,841 17,273 17,119 20,373 20,334
GENDER            
Male 3,952 3,550 12,048 11,173 14,004 13,057
Female 1,806b 2,291 5,225a 5,947 6,370b 7,276
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,082 5,044 15,127 14,544 17,858 17,371
White 3,864 3,918 12,555 11,941 14,619 14,057
Black or African American 957 914 1,754 1,880 2,303 2,442
American Indian or Alaska Native 31 40 118 76 139 99
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 11 50 * 67 *
Asian 95 80 433 363 468 420
Two or More Races 112 81 217 182 263 249
Hispanic or Latino 675 797 2,146a 2,576 2,515 2,963
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,493 1,301 2,767 2,574 3,559 3,332
High School Graduate 1,880 2,159 5,294 5,448 6,319 6,600
Some College 1,706 1,638 5,041 5,149 5,938 6,033
College Graduate 679 743 4,170 3,949 4,556 4,368
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2,777 2,913 10,856 10,935 12,308 12,500
Part-Time 1,090 1,038 2,562 2,797 3,117 3,314
Unemployed 626 770 1,088 1,315 1,419 1,706
Other2 1,264 1,119 2,767b 2,073 3,530b 2,814
90416
Table 5.8B – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.6 2.6 7.8 7.6 9.2 9.0
GENDER            
Male 3.7 3.3 11.2a 10.3 13.0a 12.0
Female 1.6b 2.0 4.5a 5.1 5.5b 6.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.6 2.6 7.8 7.5 9.3 8.9
White 2.5 2.5 8.2 7.7 9.5 9.1
Black or African American 3.8 3.5 6.9 7.3 9.1 9.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.9 4.2 10.7 8.1 12.6 10.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1.3 7.9 * 10.6 *
Asian 1.0 0.8 4.5 3.7 4.9 4.3
Two or More Races 4.8 3.2 9.4 7.3 11.3 9.9
Hispanic or Latino 2.3 2.6 7.3 8.5 8.5 9.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 4.1 3.7 7.6 7.3 9.8 9.5
High School Graduate 2.8 3.1 7.8 7.8 9.3 9.4
Some College 3.0 2.9 8.8 9.0 10.3 10.5
College Graduate 1.1 1.2 6.9 6.3 7.5 7.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 2.3 2.4 8.9 8.9 10.1 10.2
Part-Time 3.7 3.4 8.7 9.3 10.6 11.0
Unemployed 8.8 8.6 15.3 14.6 20.0 19.0
Other2 2.0 1.8 4.3b 3.3 5.5a 4.4
120411
Table 5.9A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,866 7,012 18,687 18,478 22,369 22,388
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,183 1,401 3,158 3,407 3,789 4,219
New England 360 393 1,130a 855 1,332 1,093
Middle Atlantic 823 1,008 2,029a 2,552 2,457b 3,126
Midwest 1,441 1,420 4,745 4,369 5,506 5,141
East North Central 1,089 1,070 3,340b 2,791 3,910a 3,390
West North Central 351 351 1,405 1,577 1,597 1,751
South 2,621 2,461 6,380 6,016 7,780 7,465
South Atlantic 1,370 1,278 3,583 3,359 4,297 4,074
East South Central 496 394 910 764 1,171 1,026
West South Central 755 789 1,888 1,892 2,312 2,364
West 1,621 1,729 4,403 4,687 5,293 5,563
Mountain 628 562 1,328 1,491 1,707 1,748
Pacific 993 1,167 3,075 3,196 3,586 3,815
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,739 3,911 9,936 10,301 11,947 12,494
Small Metro 2,119 2,151 5,899 5,441 7,014 6,596
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,423 1,435 3,967 3,569 4,725 4,326
< 250K Pop. 695 716 1,932 1,872 2,289 2,270
Nonmetro 1,009 950 2,852 2,736 3,408 3,298
Urbanized 500 415 1,368 1,252 1,645 1,472
Less Urbanized 443 458 1,306 1,207 1,550 1,501
Completely Rural 65 77 178 276 213 324
120411
Table 5.9B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.8 2.8 7.5 7.4 9.0 9.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 2.6 3.0 6.9 7.4 8.3 9.2
New England 3.0 3.3 9.4a 7.1 11.1 9.1
Middle Atlantic 2.4 3.0 6.0a 7.5 7.3b 9.2
Midwest 2.6 2.6 8.7 7.9 10.0 9.4
East North Central 2.8 2.8 8.7b 7.3 10.2a 8.8
West North Central 2.1 2.1 8.5 9.5 9.7 10.6
South 2.9 2.7 7.1 6.6 8.7 8.2
South Atlantic 2.9 2.7 7.5 7.0 9.0 8.5
East South Central 3.4 2.6 6.2 5.1 7.9 6.9
West South Central 2.7 2.8 6.8 6.7 8.4 8.4
West 2.8 3.0 7.7 8.1 9.2 9.6
Mountain 3.6 3.2 7.7 8.5 9.9 9.9
Pacific 2.5 2.9 7.7 7.9 9.0 9.5
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.8 2.9 7.5 7.7 9.0 9.4
Small Metro 2.9 2.9 8.0 7.2 9.5 8.7
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.9 2.9 8.0 7.1 9.5 8.7
< 250K Pop. 2.8 2.8 7.9 7.3 9.3 8.9
Nonmetro 2.5 2.3 6.9 6.6 8.3 8.0
Urbanized 3.0 2.4 8.1 7.3 9.8 8.6
Less Urbanized 2.3 2.3 6.6 6.0 7.9 7.5
Completely Rural 1.4 1.9 3.9a 6.9 4.6a 8.1
120411
Table 5.10A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,092 1,155 1,367a 1,220 1,942 1,908
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 170 171 223 202 303 311
New England 47 43 70 59 94 82
Middle Atlantic 123 128 153 143 210 229
Midwest 263 280 355 306 482 442
East North Central 189 200 247a 196 342 304
West North Central 74 80 108 110 140 138
South 378 358 436a 356 646 592
South Atlantic 167 190 199 191 301 311
East South Central 55 44 79b 42 109a 75
West South Central 155 124 158 123 236 206
West 281 345 354 355 510 563
Mountain 105 108 116 115 177 180
Pacific 177 238 237 240 332 383
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 596 574 677 603 1,002 972
Small Metro 321a 397 413 382 579 610
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 212a 273 260 254 379 408
< 250K Pop. 109 124 152 128 200 202
Nonmetro 175 184 277 235 360 326
Urbanized 91 86 111 107 157 151
Less Urbanized 69 91 139 103 170 149
Completely Rural 15 7 27 25 33 27
120411
Table 5.10B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 4.3 4.6 5.4 4.9 7.7 7.7
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 3.8 3.9 5.0 4.6 6.8 7.1
New England 4.1 3.8 6.0 5.2 8.1 7.2
Middle Atlantic 3.7 4.0 4.6 4.4 6.3 7.1
Midwest 4.7 5.1 6.3 5.6 8.6 8.0
East North Central 4.8 5.2 6.3a 5.1 8.7 7.9
West North Central 4.4 4.9 6.4 6.7 8.4 8.4
South 4.1 4.0 4.8a 3.9 7.1 6.5
South Atlantic 3.6 4.1 4.3 4.2 6.5 6.8
East South Central 3.7 3.0 5.3b 2.9 7.3a 5.1
West South Central 5.2 4.1 5.3 4.1 7.9 6.9
West 4.7 5.8 5.9 6.0 8.4 9.5
Mountain 5.8 6.0 6.4 6.4 9.8 10.0
Pacific 4.2 5.7 5.6 5.8 7.9 9.2
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.5 7.3 7.3
Small Metro 4.4a 5.4 5.6 5.2 7.9 8.2
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 4.2b 5.6 5.2 5.2 7.6 8.3
< 250K Pop. 4.6 4.9 6.4 5.1 8.4 8.0
Nonmetro 4.2 4.4 6.7 5.6 8.6 7.8
Urbanized 5.3 4.8 6.5 6.0 9.1 8.4
Less Urbanized 3.4 4.5 6.9 5.1 8.4 7.4
Completely Rural 3.4 1.9 6.4 6.5 7.8 7.1
120411
Table 5.11A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,599 2,591 5,526 5,726 6,790 6,912
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 522 550 983a 1,108 1,258 1,376
New England 183 151 296 284 396 363
Middle Atlantic 339 399 687a 824 863a 1,013
Midwest 532 508 1,373 1,401 1,632 1,647
East North Central 397 367 944 906 1,132 1,086
West North Central 134 141 429 496 500 561
South 924 891 1,829 1,774 2,282 2,183
South Atlantic 505 455 982 950 1,222 1,152
East South Central 160 159 263 233 341 323
West South Central 259 277 584 590 720 708
West 622 641 1,341 1,442 1,617 1,706
Mountain 199 205 422 466 514 539
Pacific 423 436 919 977 1,104 1,167
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1,387 1,390 2,740b 3,096 3,426a 3,730
Small Metro 792 855 1,861 1,791 2,234 2,176
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 560 554 1,212 1,135 1,484 1,392
< 250K Pop. 231 301 649 656 750 783
Nonmetro 421 346 925 839 1,129 1,007
Urbanized 213 162 450 416 542 484
Less Urbanized 171 155 411 361 502 445
Completely Rural 37 29 64 62 85 78
120411
Table 5.11B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7.9 7.9 16.9 17.4 20.7 21.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 8.8 9.2 16.7 18.5 21.3 23.0
New England 12.0 9.7 19.4 18.3 25.9 23.3
Middle Atlantic 7.7 9.0 15.7a 18.6 19.7a 22.9
Midwest 7.3 7.0 18.8 19.3 22.4 22.6
East North Central 7.9 7.3 18.8 18.0 22.5 21.6
West North Central 5.9 6.3 19.0 22.1 22.1 25.0
South 7.9 7.6 15.7 15.1 19.5 18.6
South Atlantic 8.6 7.6 16.6 15.9 20.7 19.3
East South Central 8.5 8.5 14.1 12.5 18.2 17.2
West South Central 6.6 7.1 14.9 15.0 18.4 18.0
West 7.9 8.1 17.1 18.2 20.6 21.6
Mountain 8.4 8.6 17.9 19.6 21.8 22.8
Pacific 7.7 7.9 16.7 17.6 20.1 21.1
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 8.0 7.8 15.8a 17.3 19.8 20.9
Small Metro 7.7 8.5 18.0 17.7 21.6 21.5
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 8.3 8.5 17.9 17.3 21.9 21.3
< 250K Pop. 6.5 8.5 18.3 18.4 21.1 22.0
Nonmetro 8.3 6.9 18.1 16.8 22.2 20.2
Urbanized 9.3 7.1 19.7 18.2 23.8 21.2
Less Urbanized 7.0 6.6 16.8 15.3 20.5 18.9
Completely Rural 10.0 8.2 17.2 17.5 22.8 21.9
120411
Table 5.12A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,175 3,266 11,793 11,532 13,638 13,568
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 492 680 1,953 2,096 2,227 2,532
New England 130 199 764a 511 843 649
Middle Atlantic 361 480 1,189a 1,585 1,384a 1,883
Midwest 646 631 3,017 2,661 3,392 3,052
East North Central 502 502 2,149b 1,690 2,436a 2,001
West North Central 143 129 868 972 956 1,051
South 1,319 1,212 4,115 3,886 4,852 4,690
South Atlantic 697 634 2,403 2,218 2,774 2,612
East South Central 281 191 567 489 721 628
West South Central 340 387 1,145 1,179 1,356 1,450
West 718 743 2,708 2,889 3,166 3,295
Mountain 325 250 790 910 1,016 1,029
Pacific 393 493 1,918 1,979 2,150 2,266
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1,756 1,947 6,518 6,603 7,518 7,792
Small Metro 1,006 900 3,626 3,268 4,201 3,811
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 651 608 2,495 2,181 2,862 2,525
< 250K Pop. 355 292 1,131 1,087 1,339 1,286
Nonmetro 413 420 1,650 1,661 1,919 1,966
Urbanized 196 167 807 729 946 838
Less Urbanized 203 212 756 743 878 908
Completely Rural 13 41 87 190 94a 220
120411
Table 5.12B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.7 1.7 6.2 6.0 7.2 7.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1.4 1.9 5.5 5.9 6.3 7.1
New England 1.4 2.1 8.2a 5.5 9.0 6.9
Middle Atlantic 1.4 1.8 4.5a 6.0 5.3a 7.1
Midwest 1.5 1.5 7.2 6.3 8.1 7.2
East North Central 1.7 1.7 7.3b 5.7 8.3a 6.8
West North Central 1.1 1.0 6.9 7.7 7.6 8.3
South 1.9 1.7 6.0 5.5 7.0 6.7
South Atlantic 1.9 1.7 6.5 5.9 7.5 7.0
East South Central 2.5 1.7 5.0 4.2 6.3 5.5
West South Central 1.6 1.8 5.5 5.6 6.5 6.9
West 1.7 1.7 6.2 6.6 7.3 7.5
Mountain 2.5 1.9 6.0 6.8 7.7 7.7
Pacific 1.3 1.6 6.3 6.5 7.1 7.4
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 1.7 1.9 6.4 6.5 7.4 7.6
Small Metro 1.8 1.6 6.4 5.6 7.4 6.6
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1.7 1.6 6.6 5.7 7.6 6.5
< 250K Pop. 1.9 1.5 6.1 5.6 7.2 6.6
Nonmetro 1.3 1.3 5.2 5.2 6.0 6.1
Urbanized 1.5 1.3 6.3 5.6 7.4 6.4
Less Urbanized 1.3 1.4 5.0 4.7 5.8 5.8
Completely Rural 0.3 1.2 2.3a 5.8 2.5a 6.7
120411
Table 5.13A (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 5,774 5,857 17,319 17,258 20,427 20,480
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 1,013 1,230 2,936 3,204 3,486 3,908
New England 313 350 1,060a 796 1,239 1,011
Middle Atlantic 700 880 1,876b 2,409 2,247b 2,897
Midwest 1,178 1,140 4,390 4,063 5,024 4,699
East North Central 900 869 3,093b 2,595 3,568a 3,087
West North Central 278 270 1,297 1,467 1,456 1,612
South 2,244 2,103 5,944 5,660 7,134 6,873
South Atlantic 1,203 1,088 3,384 3,168 3,996 3,763
East South Central 441 350 831 722 1,062 951
West South Central 600 665 1,729 1,769 2,076 2,158
West 1,339 1,384 4,049 4,331 4,784 5,000
Mountain 523 455 1,212 1,375 1,530 1,568
Pacific 816 930 2,837 2,956 3,254 3,432
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,142 3,337 9,258 9,698 10,944 11,522
Small Metro 1,798 1,755 5,487 5,059 6,435 5,986
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,212 1,162 3,707 3,316 4,346 3,918
< 250K Pop. 586 592 1,780 1,743 2,089 2,069
Nonmetro 834 766 2,574 2,501 3,048 2,972
Urbanized 409 329 1,257 1,145 1,488 1,322
Less Urbanized 374 367 1,167 1,104 1,381 1,352
Completely Rural 50 70 150 252 179 298
120411
Table 5.13B (REVISED) – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.6 2.6 7.8 7.7 9.2 9.1
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION            
Northeast 2.4 2.9 7.1 7.7 8.4 9.4
New England 2.9 3.2 9.8a 7.3 11.4 9.3
Middle Atlantic 2.3 2.9 6.1a 7.8 7.4b 9.4
Midwest 2.4 2.3 8.9 8.2 10.2 9.5
East North Central 2.6 2.5 9.0b 7.5 10.4a 8.9
West North Central 1.9 1.8 8.8 9.8 9.8 10.8
South 2.8 2.6 7.4 6.9 8.8 8.4
South Atlantic 2.8 2.5 7.9 7.3 9.3 8.7
East South Central 3.3 2.6 6.3 5.4 8.0 7.1
West South Central 2.4 2.6 7.0 7.1 8.4 8.6
West 2.6 2.7 7.9 8.4 9.3 9.6
Mountain 3.4 2.9 7.8 8.7 9.9 9.9
Pacific 2.3 2.6 7.9 8.2 9.1 9.5
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.6 2.8 7.8 8.1 9.2 9.6
Small Metro 2.7 2.6 8.2 7.4 9.6 8.8
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 2.7 2.6 8.3 7.4 9.8 8.7
< 250K Pop. 2.6 2.6 8.0 7.6 9.4 9.0
Nonmetro 2.3 2.1 7.0 6.7 8.3 8.0
Urbanized 2.7 2.1 8.3 7.4 9.9 8.6
Less Urbanized 2.1 2.0 6.6 6.1 7.8 7.5
Completely Rural 1.2 1.9 3.6a 6.9 4.3a 8.2
90416
Table 5.14A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,684 4,866 577 639 1,781 1,853 2,326 2,374
Marijuana and Hashish 2,501 2,683 382 450 1,219 1,271 899 961
Cocaine 1,162 959 62 40 300 240 800 679
Heroin 178 253 7 10 60 85 111 158
Hallucinogens 107 125 36 35 43 63 27 27
Inhalants 45 83 28 33 6 8 10 43
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,552 1,527 186 177 471 516 894 835
Pain Relievers 1,264 1,243 130 138 390 413 744 691
Tranquilizers 201 232 32 24 40 56 128 152
Stimulants2 305 236 42 37 80 93 183 105
Sedatives 94 92 14 7 14 19 65 66
ALCOHOL 8,450 8,755 554a 468 2,373 2,377 5,523 5,909
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,369 1,323 165 146 504 554 700 623
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 11,765 12,297 966 961 3,650 3,677 7,149 7,659
90416
Table 5.14B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.6 5.4 5.6 1.2 1.2
Marijuana and Hashish 1.0 1.1 1.5a 1.8 3.7 3.9 0.5 0.5
Cocaine 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.4
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.4 1.6 0.5 0.4
Pain Relievers 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 1.2 1.3 0.4 0.4
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.4 3.5 2.2 1.9 7.3 7.2 2.9 3.1
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 1.5 1.7 0.4 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.7 4.9 3.8 3.9 11.2 11.2 3.8 4.0
90413
Table 5.15A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,163 2,082 2,733 2,894 1,406 1,317 3,913 4,045
12 3 5 1 4 0 4 4 9
13 6 10 4 10 4 10 21 11
14 24 21 17 23 9 15 37 39
15 54 51 45 41 40 29 79 79
16 73 55 66 42 48 31 107 80
17 70 75 57 63 50 55 92 108
18 59 96 75 96 42 66 103 136
19 60 78 89 91 42 48 118 124
20 82b 37 102a 53 44 25 147b 73
21 75 53 79 75 34 42 125 92
22 41a 74 59 78 30 34 74b 133
23 48 54 73 88 35 38 96 109
24 52 61 76 57 34 35 103 92
25 56 55 68 66 38 32 89 97
26-29 192 229 232 335 100 179 354 408
30-34 182 187 208 235 124 102 307 342
35-39 272 222 278 259 148 138 441 396
40-44 263 319 350 383 183 187 448 527
45-49 208 207 341 324 166 152 448 420
50-54 247 126 290 309 168 76 371 423
55-59 64 27 182 111 64 5 190 155
60-64 32 29 18 84 2 14 76 107
65 or Older * 11 22 65 * * 80 87
90413
Table 5.15B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.6
12 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
13 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.3
14 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.9 1.0
15 1.2 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 1.8 1.8
16 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.1 0.7 2.4 1.8
17 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.3 2.2 2.5
18 1.2 2.0 1.6 2.0 0.9 1.3 2.2 2.8
19 1.4 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.0 1.1 2.7 2.9
20 2.0b 0.9 2.5a 1.3 1.1 0.6 3.6b 1.8
21 1.8 1.3 1.9 1.9 0.8 1.0 3.1 2.3
22 1.1 1.8 1.5 1.9 0.8 0.9 2.0a 3.3
23 1.2 1.3 1.9 2.2 0.9 0.9 2.4 2.7
24 1.3 1.6 1.9 1.5 0.9 0.9 2.6 2.4
25 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.7 1.0 0.8 2.4 2.6
26-29 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.0 0.6 1.1 2.2 2.4
30-34 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.7 0.5 1.6 1.8
35-39 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.7 2.1 2.0
40-44 1.2 1.5 1.7 1.8 0.9 0.9 2.1 2.5
45-49 0.9 0.9 1.5 1.4 0.7 0.7 2.0 1.9
50-54 1.1 0.6 1.3 1.4 0.8 0.3 1.7 1.9
55-59 0.3 0.1 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.9
60-64 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.6 0.7
65 or Older * 0.0 0.1 0.2 * * 0.2 0.2
90413
Table 5.16A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,163 2,082 2,733 2,894 1,406 1,317 3,913 4,045
AGE                
12-17 230 217 191 184 152 144 341 326
18-25 474 507 621 605 299 320 856 855
26 or Older 1,459 1,357 1,921 2,106 955 853 2,716 2,863
GENDER                
Male 1,529 1,346 1,979 2,006 1,066 931 2,764 2,704
Female 634 736 754 888 340 386 1,148 1,340
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,960 1,857 2,489 2,583 1,283 1,172 3,541 3,569
White 1,468 1,422 1,870 2,059 954 866 2,685 2,819
Black or African American 398 359 506 436 287 267 680 611
American Indian or Alaska Native 18 20 46 21 14 14 59 39
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0 2 * 2 0 1 7 2
Asian 25 13 7 38 5 4 29 46
Two or More Races 50 41 53 28 23 20 81 51
Hispanic or Latino 203 225 244 311 123 144 372 476
90413
Table 5.16B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.6
AGE                
12-17 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.4 1.3
18-25 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.8 0.9 1.0 2.6 2.6
26 or Older 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.5
GENDER                
Male 1.3 1.1 1.6 1.7 0.9 0.8 2.3 2.2
Female 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.7
White 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.7
Black or African American 1.4 1.2 1.7 1.5 1.0 0.9 2.3 2.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.4 1.9 3.6 1.9 1.1 1.3 4.7 3.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.2 * 0.2 0.0 0.1 1.0 0.3
Asian 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.4
Two or More Races 1.8 1.4 2.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 2.9 1.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.4
90413
Table 5.17A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 230 217 191 184 152 144 341 326
GENDER                
Male 144 145 108 109 91 91 205 195
Female 85 72 83 74 61 53 136 131
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 196 185 163 150 128 120 292 264
White 157 148 133 127 102 104 226 205
Black or African American 24 19 18 15 16 10 42 32
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 5 1 2 1 1 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 4 1 3 1 3 0 4 2
Two or More Races 8 11 7 4 7 4 9 13
Hispanic or Latino 33 32 28 34 24 24 49 62
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 93 104 70 75 58 69 122 124
Female, White, Not Hispanic 64 44 63 52 44 35 104 81
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 16 16 9 12 8 7 28 27
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 8 3 9 3 8 3 14 5
Male, Hispanic 26 13 22 18 19 12 37 24
Female, Hispanic 7 19 6 16 5 12 12a 38
90413
Table 5.17B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.4 1.3
GENDER                
Male 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.6 1.5
Female 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.1 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 1.4 1.3
White 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.5 1.4
Black or African American 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.1 0.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.9 3.6 0.7 1.3 0.5 0.7 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.2
Two or More Races 1.8 2.2 1.7 0.8 1.6 0.8 2.1 2.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 1.1 1.3
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.6 1.7
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.1
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.4 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.7 0.3
Male, Hispanic 1.1 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.5 1.6 1.0
Female, Hispanic 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.5a 1.6
90413
Table 5.18A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 474 507 621 605 299 320 856 855
GENDER                
Male 307 352 440 414 199 223 599 591
Female 167 155 181 191 100 97 257 265
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 404 414 536 503 254 256 730 706
White 335 332 445 426 210 201 606 596
Black or African American 53 58 67 52 34 39 92 76
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 7 7 12 3 7 9 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 * * * * * 1
Asian 3 12 3 5 2 4 6 12
Two or More Races 10 5 8 7 5 4 13 8
Hispanic or Latino 70 93 85 102 45 64 126 150
EDUCATION                
< High School 169 183 180 172 116 132 261 249
High School Graduate 195 195 250 228 125 108 341 345
Some College 107 106 169 151 57 61 227 198
College Graduate 3a 24 22a 54 2 19 27a 63
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 204 206 314 266 134 125 416 383
Part-Time 79 85 104 118 44 58 149 156
Unemployed 78a 123 75a 119 54 82 109b 172
Other3 112 93 127 102 66 54 182 145
90413
Table 5.18B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1.4 1.5 1.9 1.8 0.9 1.0 2.6 2.6
GENDER                
Male 1.9 2.1 2.7 2.5 1.2 1.3 3.6 3.6
Female 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.6 1.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.5 1.5 2.0 1.9 0.9 0.9 2.7 2.6
White 1.7 1.6 2.2 2.1 1.0 1.0 3.0 2.9
Black or African American 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 0.8 0.8 2.0 1.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.8 4.3 4.5 6.7 1.8 4.3 5.1 7.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.2 * * * * * 0.7
Asian 0.2 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.8
Two or More Races 2.3 1.2 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.0 2.9 2.0
Hispanic or Latino 1.2 1.6 1.5 1.8 0.8 1.1 2.2 2.6
EDUCATION                
< High School 2.7 3.1 2.9 2.9 1.9 2.2 4.2 4.2
High School Graduate 1.7 1.7 2.2 2.0 1.1 0.9 3.1 3.0
Some College 1.0 1.0 1.5 1.4 0.5 0.6 2.1 1.8
College Graduate 0.1a 0.5 0.5a 1.2 0.0 0.4 0.6a 1.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 1.3 1.4 2.0 1.8 0.9 0.8 2.7 2.6
Part-Time 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.4 0.5 0.7 1.8 1.8
Unemployed 3.0 4.0 2.9 3.9 2.1 2.7 4.2 5.6
Other3 1.8 1.5 2.0 1.6 1.0 0.9 2.9 2.3
90413
Table 5.19A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,459 1,357 1,921 2,106 955 853 2,716 2,863
GENDER                
Male 1,078 848 1,431 1,483 776 617 1,960 1,918
Female 382 509 490 623 179 236 756 945
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,360 1,258 1,790 1,931 901 796 2,519 2,599
White 977 942 1,292 1,506 642 561 1,853 2,017
Black or African American 322 282 421 368 237 218 546 503
American Indian or Alaska Native 11 8 38 7 10 5 42 16
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 18 * 1 32 * * 19 32
Two or More Races 32 25 39 17 12 12 59 31
Hispanic or Latino 99 100 130 175 54 57 196 264
EDUCATION                
< High School 357 436 458 468 261 289 683 695
High School Graduate 548 488 727 703 341 340 1,048 899
Some College 350 293 500 641 234 146 639 901
College Graduate 204 141 235 295 119 78 346 368
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 623 681 937 1,265 433 432 1,264 1,628
Part-Time 221 131 224 222 169 96 301 296
Unemployed 141 128 121 161 89 86 190 215
Other3 474 417 638 458 263 239 961 724
90413
Table 5.19B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.8 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.5
GENDER                
Male 1.2 0.9 1.6 1.6 0.9 0.7 2.2 2.1
Female 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.6
White 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.5
Black or African American 1.5 1.3 2.0 1.7 1.1 1.0 2.6 2.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.2 1.0 4.0 1.0 1.1 0.7 4.5 2.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.2 * 0.0 0.4 * * 0.2 0.4
Two or More Races 1.7 1.2 2.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 3.1 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.8 1.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.6 0.9 1.0 2.3 2.4
High School Graduate 1.0 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.8 1.5
Some College 0.8 0.6 1.1 1.4 0.5 0.3 1.4 1.9
College Graduate 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.6 0.6 0.9 1.2 0.4 0.4 1.2 1.5
Part-Time 1.0 0.6 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.4 1.4 1.4
Unemployed 3.1 2.2 2.7 2.7 2.0 1.5 4.2 3.6
Other3 0.8 0.7 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.4 1.7 1.3
90413
Table 5.20A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,933 1,864 2,542 2,711 1,254 1,173 3,572 3,719
GENDER                
Male 1,384 1,200 1,871 1,897 974 840 2,559 2,509
Female 549 664 671 814 280 333 1,012 1,210
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,764 1,672 2,326 2,433 1,155 1,052 3,250 3,305
White 1,311 1,274 1,736 1,932 852 762 2,459 2,613
Black or African American 375 340 488 421 271 257 637 579
American Indian or Alaska Native 15 15 45 19 13 13 51 28
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 * 1 * 0 * 1
Asian 22 12 4 37 2 4 25 44
Two or More Races 42 30 46 24 17 16 72 39
Hispanic or Latino 169 193 216 277 99 121 322 414
EDUCATION                
< High School 526 619 638 640 377 420 943 945
High School Graduate 743 683 978 931 465 449 1,389 1,243
Some College 458 399 669 791 291 207 866 1,100
College Graduate 207 164 257 348 121 97 373 431
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 828 887 1,252 1,531 568 557 1,680 2,011
Part-Time 300 216 329 340 214 154 450 451
Unemployed 219 251 197 280 144 169 299 387
Other3 587 510 765 560 329 293 1,143 869
90413
Table 5.20B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.7
GENDER                
Male 1.3 1.1 1.7 1.7 0.9 0.8 2.4 2.3
Female 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.9 1.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.3 0.6 0.5 1.7 1.7
White 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.7
Black or African American 1.5 1.3 1.9 1.6 1.1 1.0 2.5 2.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.3 1.6 4.1 2.0 1.2 1.3 4.6 3.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.0 * 0.1 * 0.0 * 0.1
Asian 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5
Two or More Races 1.8 1.2 2.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 3.1 1.5
Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.3 0.4 1.1 1.4
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.0 1.2 2.6 2.7
High School Graduate 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.6 2.0 1.8
Some College 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.4 0.5 0.4 1.5 1.9
College Graduate 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.3 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.6
Part-Time 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.5 1.5 1.5
Unemployed 3.1 2.8 2.8 3.1 2.0 1.9 4.2 4.3
Other3 0.9 0.8 1.2 0.9 0.5 0.5 1.8 1.4
120411
Table 5.21A (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2,182 2,093 2,744 2,911 1,416 1,324 3,927 4,061
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 375 417 376a 572 193 232 618 806
New England 96 133 122 141 55 63 170 223
Middle Atlantic 279 284 255a 432 138 169 448 583
Midwest 389 500 782 687 278 312 1,058 984
East North Central 307 387 613 488 225 238 788 724
West North Central 82 113 169 199 53 74 270 260
South 817 662 892 782 551 449 1,285 1,100
South Atlantic 387 369 526 463 281 254 684 642
East South Central 201 150 175 140 131 86 255 212
West South Central 229 143 191 180 140 110 346 246
West 601 514 693 870 393 330 966 1,171
Mountain 152 143 206 219 90 95 303 296
Pacific 449 371 487 651 303 234 663 875
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,197 1,088 1,449 1,439 762 661 2,088 2,079
Small Metro 589 640 757 966 408 427 1,079 1,282
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 422 409 494 612 274 250 710 857
< 250K Pop. 168 231 263 354 134 177 369 425
Nonmetro 396 365 537 505 246 236 760 700
Urbanized 156 178 229 224 112 107 294 350
Less Urbanized 216 167 265 236 117 111 415 302
Completely Rural 24 20 43 45 18 17 51 48
120411
Table 5.21B (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.6
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.8 0.9 0.8a 1.2 0.4 0.5 1.3 1.7
New England 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.4 1.8
Middle Atlantic 0.8 0.8 0.8a 1.3 0.4 0.5 1.3 1.7
Midwest 0.7 0.9 1.4 1.3 0.5 0.6 1.9 1.8
East North Central 0.8 1.0 1.6 1.3 0.6 0.6 2.1 1.9
West North Central 0.5 0.7 1.0 1.2 0.3 0.4 1.6 1.6
South 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.2
South Atlantic 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.3
East South Central 1.4 1.0 1.2 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.7 1.4
West South Central 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 1.3 0.9
West 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.5 0.7 0.6 1.7 2.0
Mountain 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.8 1.7
Pacific 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.6 0.8 0.6 1.7 2.2
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.6 0.5 1.6 1.6
Small Metro 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.6 0.6 1.5 1.7
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.4 1.7
< 250K Pop. 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.5 0.7 1.5 1.7
Nonmetro 1.0 0.9 1.3 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.8 1.7
Urbanized 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.6 1.7 2.0
Less Urbanized 1.1 0.8 1.3 1.2 0.6 0.6 2.1 1.5
Completely Rural 0.5 0.5 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.4 1.1 1.2
90413
Table 5.22A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Marijuana 936 947 172 159 279 305 485 483
Cocaine 809 663 34 23 132 141 643 499
Heroin 335 341 8 9 73 66 254 266
Hallucinogens 303 287 30 33 99 94 175 160
Inhalants 184 184 12 17 59 58 113 108
Pain Relievers 558 601 41 44 130 168 388 390
Tranquilizers 267 326 24 21 76 75 166 230
Stimulants2 311 336 22 13 102 75 187 247
Sedatives 60 130 5 3 21 28 33 99
Alcohol 2,462 2,662 162 143 565 549 1,734 1,971
90413
Table 5.22B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Marijuana 23.9 23.4 50.4 48.8 32.6 35.7 17.9 16.9
Cocaine 20.7 16.4 10.1 7.1 15.4 16.5 23.7 17.4
Heroin 8.6 8.4 2.4 2.9 8.5 7.7 9.3 9.3
Hallucinogens 7.8 7.1 8.8 10.3 11.5 11.0 6.4 5.6
Inhalants 4.7 4.5 3.5 5.3 6.9 6.8 4.2 3.8
Pain Relievers 14.3 14.9 12.0 13.4 15.1 19.6 14.3 13.6
Tranquilizers 6.8 8.1 7.1 6.3 8.9 8.8 6.1 8.0
Stimulants2 8.0 8.3 6.5 4.1 11.9 8.8 6.9 8.6
Sedatives 1.5 3.2 1.6 0.8 2.5 3.3 1.2 3.5
Alcohol 62.9 65.8 47.6 43.9 66.1 64.1 63.9 68.8
90413
Table 5.23A – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 387 370 46 38 97 93 244 238
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 636 478 59 48 145 112 432 319
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 936 835 83 72 218 223 635 540
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 519 520 42 38 104 108 373 374
Emergency Room 217 192 28 23 48 48 141 121
Private Doctor's Office 306 321 41 22 70 90 195 209
Self-Help Group 1,159 1,116 111a 66 204 256 843 794
Prison/Jail 194 177 15 20 62a 33 117 124
90413
Table 5.23B – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 17.9 17.8 19.9 17.6 20.6 18.4 16.7 17.6
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 29.4 23.0 25.6 22.0 30.5 22.1 29.6 23.5
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 43.3 40.1 36.2 33.1 45.9 44.0 43.5 39.8
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 24.0 25.0 18.1 17.5 22.0 21.3 25.5 27.6
Emergency Room 10.1 9.2 12.2 10.8 10.1 9.5 9.7 8.9
Private Doctor's Office 14.2 15.4 17.7 10.2 14.8 17.7 13.4 15.4
Self-Help Group 53.6 53.6 48.6b 30.4 43.0 50.5 57.8 58.5
Prison/Jail 9.0 8.5 6.5 9.0 13.1a 6.6 8.0 9.2
90413
Table 5.24A – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 565 471 29 28 82 85 454 358
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 682 488 35 31 104 101 542 356
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,044 991 54 52 205 248 784 690
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 622 690 25 22 98 124 499 544
Emergency Room 358 232 23 12 54 45 282 175
Private Doctor's Office 357 412 19 18 83 82 256 312
Self-Help Group 1,535 1,583 77 62 289 316 1,169 1,205
Prison/Jail 233 229 15 13 70 43 148 174
90413
Table 5.24B – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 20.7 16.3 15.2 15.0 13.2 14.1 23.6 17.0
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 24.9a 16.8 18.3 16.7 16.8 16.7 28.2a 16.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 38.2 34.2 28.2 28.6 33.1a 41.1 40.8 32.8
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 22.8 23.8 13.3 12.2 15.7 20.5 26.0 25.8
Emergency Room 13.1 8.0 11.8 6.4 8.6 7.5 14.7 8.3
Private Doctor's Office 13.1 14.2 9.8 9.7 13.3 13.6 13.3 14.8
Self-Help Group 56.2 54.7 40.4 33.9 46.6 52.3 60.9 57.2
Prison/Jail 8.5 7.9 7.8 7.0 11.3 7.1 7.7 8.2
90413
Table 5.25A – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 779 675 59 53 135 138 584 484
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 1,044a 743 69 58 188 163 786a 521
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,705 1,455 112 87 347 371 1,246 997
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 889 1,054 56 60 158 192 674 803
Emergency Room 523 374 45 33 92 88 386 253
Private Doctor's Office 593 672 51 29 133 149 409 494
Self-Help Group 2,173 2,187 151b 87 397 445 1,624 1,656
Prison/Jail 302 343 22 23 107a 61 173 259
90413
Table 5.25B – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 19.9 16.7 17.4 16.3 15.8 16.1 21.5 16.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 26.7b 18.4 20.3 17.9 22.0 19.1 28.9b 18.2
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 43.6a 36.0 32.7 26.8 40.6 43.3 45.9a 34.8
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 22.7 26.1 16.6 18.3 18.5 22.4 24.8 28.0
Emergency Room 13.4 9.2 13.3 10.0 10.8 10.3 14.2 8.8
Private Doctor's Office 15.2 16.6 14.9 8.9 15.6 17.4 15.1 17.3
Self-Help Group 55.5 54.1 44.4b 26.6 46.4 52.0 59.8 57.8
Prison/Jail 7.7 8.5 6.5 7.1 12.4b 7.1 6.4 9.1
90413
Table 5.26A – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
Illicit Drugs
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE                
None 1,165 1,078 1,500 1,580 695 662 2,241 2,265
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 244 284 337 277 232 251 379 340
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 998 1,004 1,233 1,314 711 654 1,671 1,779
Illicit Drugs 723 769 631 485 451 423 998 880
Alcohol 519 519 940 1,105 492 482 1,052 1,239
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 842 887 1,015 1,178 462 534 1,617 1,729
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 411 472 507 464 352 404 616 578
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 1,321 1,195 1,718 1,716 944 783 2,296 2,316
Illicit Drugs 898 950 809 650 581 563 1,264 1,110
Alcohol 834 716 1,416 1,529 715 623 1,648 1,784
90413
Table 5.26B – Received Substance Use Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
Illicit Drugs
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. It includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE                
None 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 17.8 21.5 24.6 20.9 16.9 18.9 27.7 25.7
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 8.5 8.2 10.5 10.7 6.0 5.3 14.2 14.5
Illicit Drugs 15.4 15.8 13.5 10.0 9.6 8.7 21.3 18.1
Alcohol 6.1 5.9 11.1 12.6 5.8 5.5 12.4 14.2
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 13.0 15.3 16.0 15.0 11.1 13.1 19.4 18.7
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.9 5.4 7.7 7.7 4.2 3.5 10.3 10.4
Illicit Drugs 13.1 13.6 11.8 9.3 8.5 8.1 18.4 15.9
Alcohol 4.5 3.9 7.6 8.3 3.8 3.4 8.8 9.7
90413
Table 5.27A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,343 1,209 1,567 1,560 615 577 2,412 2,287
12 * 1 * 1 * 0 0 2
13 2 6 2 3 1 3 5 7
14 14 8 11 8 3 3 22 13
15 20 22 16 11 10 4 28 31
16 37 28 25 19 14 14 50 34
17 37 46 29 34 24 30 45 56
18 33 57 31 59 16 34 55 82
19 42 47 37 53 24 27 57 72
20 47a 20 37 25 15 11 73a 34
21 55 27 41 34 24 13 72 54
22 24a 54 30 51 14 23 43a 82
23 32 32 47 46 17 14 63 66
24 34 30 39 34 15 11 61 54
25 35 34 26 41 13 21 57 54
26-29 146 155 142 245 61 102 228 298
30-34 145 136 166 92 98 38 213 194
35-39 179 108 106 85 48 46 238 164
40-44 143 180 235 206 54 71 325 346
45-49 158 115 232 208 114 72 293 275
50-54 74 40 164 177 44 25 256 191
55-59 56 23 126 69 8 1 174 91
60-64 29 29 9 17 * 14 38 33
65 or Older * 11 15 42 * * 15 53
90413
Table 5.27B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
12 * 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.1
13 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2
14 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.3
15 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.7
16 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 1.1 0.8
17 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.7 1.1 1.3
18 0.7 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.3 0.7 1.2 1.7
19 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.6 1.3 1.7
20 1.1a 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.3 1.8a 0.9
21 1.3 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.3 1.8 1.4
22 0.6 1.3 0.8 1.3 0.4 0.6 1.1a 2.0
23 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.6
24 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.3 1.6 1.4
25 1.0 0.9 0.7 1.1 0.3 0.5 1.5 1.4
26-29 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.4 0.4 0.6 1.4 1.7
30-34 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.2 1.1 1.0
35-39 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.8
40-44 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.3 0.3 1.5 1.6
45-49 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.5 0.3 1.3 1.2
50-54 0.3 0.2 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.1 1.2 0.9
55-59 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.5
60-64 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 * 0.1 0.3 0.2
65 or Older * 0.0 0.0 0.1 * * 0.0 0.1
90413
Table 5.28A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,343 1,209 1,567 1,560 615 577 2,412 2,287
AGE                
12-17 111 111 82 77 52 54 150 143
18-25 303 301 289 341 138 154 482 498
26 or Older 929 797 1,196 1,142 425 369 1,780 1,646
GENDER                
Male 917 712 1,142 1,079 459 377 1,703 1,490
Female 427 497 425 481 156 200 709 797
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,253 1,079 1,437 1,457 564 520 2,235 2,105
White 943 867 1,093 1,115 449 408 1,626 1,633
Black or African American 245 162 279 273 99 93 494 369
American Indian or Alaska Native 9 15 39 15 7 10 43 20
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 0 1 * 0 0 1
Asian 21 7 * 35 * 2 22 40
Two or More Races 34 27 25 18 10 7 50 40
Hispanic or Latino 91 130 130 103 51 57 177 182
90413
Table 5.28B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
AGE                
12-17 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6
18-25 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.5
26 or Older 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.9
GENDER                
Male 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.2
Female 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.0
White 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.0
Black or African American 0.8 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.3 0.3 1.7 1.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7 1.4 3.1 1.4 0.5 0.9 3.4 1.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.0 0.1 0.1 * 0.0 0.1 0.1
Asian 0.2 0.1 * 0.3 * 0.0 0.2 0.4
Two or More Races 1.3 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.8 1.3
Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.5
90413
Table 5.29A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 111 111 82 77 52 54 150 143
GENDER                
Male 67 75 43 50 26 40 89 93
Female 44 36 39 26 26 14 61 51
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 103 100 72 65 49 51 133 122
White 82 86 59 56 40 47 108 102
Black or African American 14 4 9 5 6 3 17 8
American Indian or Alaska Native 2 5 1 1 1 1 2 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 2 1 * 1 * * 2 1
Two or More Races 3 5 3 1 2 1 4 5
Hispanic or Latino 8 11 10 12 3 3 17 21
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 48 63 28 40 20 36 60 73
Female, White, Not Hispanic 34 22 31 16 21 11 48 29
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 8 3 6 4 3 2 11 7
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 6 1 3 1 3 1 6 1
Male, Hispanic 6 1 8 3 3 0 13 3
Female, Hispanic 2 10 2 9 0 2 4 18
90413
Table 5.29B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6
GENDER                
Male 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.7
Female 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.6
White 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.7
Black or African American 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 1.0 3.5 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 1.1 3.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.2 0.1 * 0.1 * * 0.2 0.2
Two or More Races 0.7 1.0 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.1 1.0 1.0
Hispanic or Latino 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN                
Male, White, Not Hispanic 0.6 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.8 1.0
Female, White, Not Hispanic 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.4
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1
Male, Hispanic 0.2 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.5 0.1
Female, Hispanic 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.8
90413
Table 5.30A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 303 301 289 341 138 154 482 498
GENDER                
Male 197 199 204 215 98 101 323 321
Female 106 101 85 126 40 54 159 176
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 250 244 250 296 111 127 413 418
White 206 203 218 255 87 99 357 362
Black or African American 35 25 27 25 20 17 43 33
American Indian or Alaska Native 1 * 3 8 1 * 4 9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 * * * * * 0
Asian 1 6 * 2 * 2 1 6
Two or More Races 7 5 3 5 2 3 8 7
Hispanic or Latino 53 57 38 46 27 27 69 80
EDUCATION                
< High School 116 106 85 92 55 55 159 150
High School Graduate 134 124 132 140 67 62 207 203
Some College 51 55 61 83 16 24 103 115
College Graduate 2 15 10 25 0 12 12 29
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 127 117 141 147 60 57 224 207
Part-Time 39 51 47 58 21 28 66 82
Unemployed 48a 80 35b 76 19a 44 67b 120
Other3 89a 52 66 61 38 26 125 89
90413
Table 5.30B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.5
GENDER                
Male 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 0.6 0.6 2.0 1.9
Female 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.4 0.5 1.5 1.5
White 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 0.4 0.5 1.8 1.8
Black or African American 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 1.0 0.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.8 * 1.8 4.9 0.8 * 2.6 5.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.2 * * * * * 0.2
Asian 0.0 0.4 * 0.2 * 0.1 0.0 0.4
Two or More Races 1.6 1.1 0.7 1.3 0.6 0.7 1.7 1.7
Hispanic or Latino 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.4
EDUCATION                
< High School 1.9 1.8 1.4 1.6 0.9 0.9 2.6 2.6
High School Graduate 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.6 0.5 1.9 1.8
Some College 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.1
College Graduate 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.6
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.4
Part-Time 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.0
Unemployed 1.8 2.6 1.3a 2.5 0.7 1.4 2.6a 3.9
Other3 1.4a 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.6 0.4 2.0 1.4
90413
Table 5.31A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 929 797 1,196 1,142 425 369 1,780 1,646
GENDER                
Male 653 437 895 813 335 236 1,292 1,076
Female 277 360 301 328 90 133 488 570
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 900 735 1,114 1,097 404 342 1,689 1,565
White 655 579 816 804 321 262 1,161 1,170
Black or African American 196 133 244 243 73 72 434 328
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 5 35 5 5 4 37 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 18 * 0 32 * * 19 32
Two or More Races 25 18 19 12 5 4 38 29
Hispanic or Latino 30 62 82 45 21 27 90 81
EDUCATION                
< High School 210 245 302 323 128 129 440 460
High School Graduate 381 255 511 423 214 156 679 559
Some College 216 211 277 297 62 61 453 453
College Graduate 122 86 107 98 22 23 207 174
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 348 341 555 640 185 166 781 858
Part-Time 107 87 90 115 50 37 146 178
Unemployed 124 82 77 95 48 46 153 136
Other3 351 286 474 292 142 120 699 474
90413
Table 5.31B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.9
GENDER                
Male 0.7 0.5 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.3 1.4 1.2
Female 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9
White 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.9
Black or African American 0.9 0.6 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.3 2.1 1.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7 0.7 3.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 3.9 0.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 0.2 * 0.0 0.4 * * 0.2 0.4
Two or More Races 1.3 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.3 0.2 2.0 1.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.4 0.4 1.5 1.6
High School Graduate 0.7 0.4 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.2 1.0
Some College 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.0
College Graduate 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8
Part-Time 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.8
Unemployed 2.8 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.1 0.8 3.4 2.3
Other3 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 1.2 0.8
90413
Table 5.32A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,232 1,098 1,485 1,483 563 523 2,262 2,143
GENDER                
Male 850 637 1,099 1,028 433 337 1,614 1,397
Female 382 461 386 455 130 186 647 746
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,149 979 1,365 1,392 515 469 2,102 1,982
White 861 782 1,034 1,059 408 361 1,518 1,532
Black or African American 231 158 270 268 93 90 477 361
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 10 38 14 6 9 41 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0 0 0 * 0 0 0
Asian 19 6 0 35 * 2 19 39
Two or More Races 32 22 22 17 8 7 45 36
Hispanic or Latino 83 119 120 91 48 54 160 161
EDUCATION                
< High School 326 351 387 416 182 184 600 610
High School Graduate 516 379 643 564 280 219 885 763
Some College 267 267 338 381 78 85 557 568
College Graduate 123 101 117 123 22 35 220 202
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 475 459 696 786 245 223 1,005 1,065
Part-Time 145 138 136 173 71 65 212 260
Unemployed 172 163 112 171 67 90 220 256
Other3 440 338 541 353 180 145 824a 562
90413
Table 5.32B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
3 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.0
GENDER                
Male 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.9 0.4 0.3 1.5 1.3
Female 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.1 1.0
White 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.2 1.0 1.0
Black or African American 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.0 0.4 0.3 1.9 1.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7 1.1 3.5 1.5 0.5 0.9 3.7 1.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.1 0.0
Asian 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.4 * 0.0 0.2 0.4
Two or More Races 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.3 0.3 2.0 1.4
Hispanic or Latino 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5
EDUCATION                
< High School 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.5 0.5 1.7 1.7
High School Graduate 0.8 0.5 0.9 0.8 0.4 0.3 1.3 1.1
Some College 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.0
College Graduate 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.9
Part-Time 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.9
Unemployed 2.4 1.8 1.6 1.9 0.9 1.0 3.1 2.8
Other3 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.3a 0.9
120411
Table 5.33A (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,362 1,211 1,575 1,564 624 580 2,430 2,293
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 264 272 218 309 98 103 387 512
New England 57 80 65 93 20 25 102 151
Middle Atlantic 207 192 153 216 78 78 285 361
Midwest 247 341 499 420 143 169 623 613
East North Central 182 257 374 289 107 133 469 433
West North Central 65 84 125 131 37 36 154 180
South 512a 327 501 374 243 148 841a 586
South Atlantic 199 172 282 226 114 84 431 346
East South Central 153 100 115 77 61 37 213 141
West South Central 160a 55 104 71 68 27 197 100
West 339 272 356 461 140 159 578 582
Mountain 81 89 110 132 49 54 147 168
Pacific 258 183 246 329 91 105 431 414
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 711 621 797 756 299 280 1,281 1,129
Small Metro 385 405 437 564 197 204 660 817
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 271 263 279 329 123 108 443 513
< 250K Pop. 114 142 159 235 74 96 217 304
Nonmetro 266 185 340 244 128 97 489a 348
Urbanized 107 100 148 112 61 45 199 180
Less Urbanized 144 76 161 116 59 45 252a 149
Completely Rural 15 10 31 16 8 6 38 19
120411
Table 5.33B (REVISED) – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Illicit Drugs1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs1
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2007)
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1
(2008)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.9
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.8 1.1
New England 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.3
Middle Atlantic 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.8 1.1
Midwest 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.1 1.1
East North Central 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.2 1.1
West North Central 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.1
South 0.6a 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.9a 0.6
South Atlantic 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.7
East South Central 1.0 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.4 0.2 1.4 0.9
West South Central 0.6a 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.7a 0.4
West 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.0
Mountain 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.0
Pacific 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.3 1.1 1.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.8
Small Metro 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.1
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.2 0.2 0.9 1.0
< 250K Pop. 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.4 0.9 1.2
Nonmetro 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.2a 0.8
Urbanized 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.4 0.3 1.2 1.0
Less Urbanized 0.7 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.3 0.2 1.3a 0.7
Completely Rural 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.5
90413
Table 5.34A – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Marijuana 440 441 * 79 161 137 210 225
Cocaine 424 311 * 11 91 76 314 225
Heroin 201 227 1 * 44 32 * 189
Hallucinogens 132 127 * 16 61 48 51 63
Inhalants 81 86 3 7 37 32 40 47
Pain Relievers 299 350 * 19 91 101 184 230
Tranquilizers 168 171 * 14 48 50 103 107
Stimulants2 181 172 * 10 66 44 100 119
Sedatives 45 80 * 2 18 13 22 65
Alcohol 1,166 1,088 * 58 245 239 856 791
90413
Table 5.34B – Substances for Which Last or Current Treatment Was Received among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance for Which Last or Current
Treatment Was Received1
Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding specific substances for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple substances for which they received their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Estimates for stimulants do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Marijuana 25.4 27.8 * 68.7 42.9 40.5 16.7 19.9
Cocaine 24.5 19.6 * 9.3 24.3 22.3 24.9 19.9
Heroin 11.6 14.3 1.2 * 11.8 9.4 * 16.7
Hallucinogens 7.6 8.0 * 13.9 16.1 14.1 4.1 5.6
Inhalants 4.7 5.4 3.5 6.1 10.0 9.3 3.2 4.1
Pain Relievers 17.3 22.1 * 16.9 24.3 29.9 14.6 20.2
Tranquilizers 9.7 10.8 * 12.1 12.7 14.7 8.2 9.5
Stimulants2 10.5 10.8 * 8.3 17.5 12.9 8.0 10.5
Sedatives 2.6 5.1 * 1.9 4.9 3.8 1.7 5.8
Alcohol 67.3 68.5 * 50.7 65.3 70.6 67.9 69.7
90413
Table 5.35A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 300 235 * * 84 70 * *
Medicare 182 147 * * * 40 113 *
Medicaid 196 222 * * 63 48 110 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 200 168 * * 55 48 135 *
Own Savings or Earnings 338 308 * * 59 84 * *
Family Members 196 187 * * 71 76 * *
Courts 60 56 * * 29a 12 20 *
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
69 33 * * 10 * * *
Employer 8 8 * * 3 * * *
90413
Table 5.35B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 30.7 29.1 * * 36.4 35.9 * *
Medicare 18.6 18.3 * * * 20.4 16.7 *
Medicaid 20.1 27.5 * * 27.4 24.8 16.2 *
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 20.5 20.8 * * 24.0 24.5 20.0 *
Own Savings or Earnings 34.6 38.1 * * 25.6a 43.1 * *
Family Members 20.0 23.1 * * 31.0 39.0 * *
Courts 6.2 7.0 * * 12.7 6.2 2.9 *
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
7.0 4.1 * * 4.2 * * *
Employer 0.8 1.0 * * 1.1 * * *
90413
Table 5.36A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 345 358 * * 55a 93 262 *
Medicare 199 149 * * 25a 55 151 83
Medicaid 175 179 * * 29 53 128 116
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 295 187 * * 43 59 * 117
Own Savings or Earnings 512 506 * * 94 100 412 *
Family Members 169 117 * * 59 67 94 34
Courts 73 51 * * 29 17 39 27
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
71 52 * * 8 * * *
Employer 78 68 * * 9 3 * *
90413
Table 5.36B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 32.4 35.8 * * 25.5a 39.4 32.7 *
Medicare 18.6 14.9 * * 11.5a 23.3 18.8 11.8
Medicaid 16.5 17.9 * * 13.5 22.5 16.0 16.5
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 27.7 18.7 * * 20.0 24.9 * 16.6
Own Savings or Earnings 48.0 50.6 * * 43.6 42.4 51.4 *
Family Members 15.9 11.7 * * 27.3 28.3 11.7 4.8
Courts 6.9 5.1 * * 13.7 7.2 4.9 3.8
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
6.7 5.2 * * 3.9 * * *
Employer 7.3 6.8 * * 4.1 1.1 * *
90413
Table 5.37A – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 605 572 * 67 128 128 425 378
Medicare 340 277 * 40 62 77 239 161
Medicaid 316 392 * 33 78 81 204 279
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 455 354 * 26 80 85 360 244
Own Savings or Earnings 923 786 * 15 153 164 747 608
Family Members 340 262 * * 116 124 178 90
Courts 128 126 14 21 50 27 64 79
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
147 76 6 6 13 8 128 62
Employer 82 74 * 4 10 7 66 63
90413
Table 5.37B – Source of Payment for Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment among Persons Who Received Their Last or Current Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Source of Payment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: If respondents reported that they were currently receiving treatment, they were asked questions regarding the sources of payment for their current treatment; otherwise, questions pertained to the last treatment they received.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple sources of payment for their last or current treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Private Health Insurance 34.9 36.1 * 58.2 34.1 37.7 33.7 33.3
Medicare 19.7 17.5 * 34.9 16.6 22.6 19.0 14.2
Medicaid 18.2 24.7 * 28.5 20.8 23.8 16.2 24.6
Public Assistance Other Than Medicaid 26.3 22.3 * 22.7 21.4 24.9 28.6 21.5
Own Savings or Earnings 53.3 49.5 * 13.0 40.7 48.2 59.3 53.6
Family Members 19.6 16.5 * * 30.9 36.7 14.2 7.9
Courts 7.4 7.9 14.5 18.1 13.3 7.8 5.1 6.9
CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA or
  Some Other Military Health Care
8.5 4.8 6.5 5.0 3.4 2.3 10.2 5.5
Employer 4.7 4.7 * 3.5 2.6 2.0 5.2 5.6
90413
Table 5.38A – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 387 370 * 38 97 93 244 238
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 636 478 * * 145 112 432 319
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 936 835 83 * 218 223 635 540
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 519 520 42 38 104 108 373 374
Emergency Room 191 181 * 20 39 44 129 117
Private Doctor's Office 237 200 * * 45 68 173 122
Self-Help Group 850 737 68a 35 159 181 623 521
Prison/Jail 145 114 12 * 46a 19 * 80
90413
Table 5.38B – Locations Received Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 28.8 30.6 * 34.6 32.1 31.1 26.2 29.9
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 47.3 39.6 * * 47.8 37.2 46.5 40.0
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 69.7 69.1 74.9 * 71.8 74.1 68.4 67.8
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 38.6 43.0 37.5 34.3 34.4 35.9 40.1 47.0
Emergency Room 14.2 15.0 * 17.8 12.9 14.7 13.9 14.7
Private Doctor's Office 17.7 16.6 * * 14.8 22.5 18.7 15.3
Self-Help Group 63.3 61.0 61.6b 31.2 52.5 60.1 67.0 65.4
Prison/Jail 10.8 9.5 10.8 * 15.3a 6.3 * 10.0
90413
Table 5.39A – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 565 471 * * 82 85 454 358
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 682 488 * * 104 101 542 356
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,044 991 * * 205 248 784 690
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 622 690 * * 98 124 499 544
Emergency Room 342 215 * * 44 40 280 168
Private Doctor's Office 248 248 * * 42 48 192 197
Self-Help Group 972 1,001 * * 158 203 772 761
Prison/Jail 143 149 * * 41 29 91 112
90413
Table 5.39B – Locations Received Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 36.1 30.2 * * 28.4 24.9 38.0 31.4
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 43.5a 31.3 * * 36.2 29.6 45.3a 31.2
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 66.6 63.5 * * 71.1 72.7 65.6 60.4
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 39.7 44.2 * * 33.9 36.3 41.7 47.6
Emergency Room 21.8 13.8 * * 15.3 11.8 23.4 14.7
Private Doctor's Office 15.8 15.9 * * 14.4 14.1 16.0 17.2
Self-Help Group 62.0 64.2 * * 54.8 59.6 64.5 66.7
Prison/Jail 9.1 9.6 * * 14.2 8.4 7.6 9.8
90413
Table 5.40A – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 779 675 59 53 135 138 584 484
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 1,044a 743 69 58 188 163 786a 521
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 1,705 1,455 112 87 347 371 1,246 997
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 889 1,054 56 60 158 192 674 803
Emergency Room 478 352 37 25 74 77 366 250
Private Doctor's Office 420 402 27 * 72 95 321 294
Self-Help Group 1,485 1,410 85a 53 253 286 1,148 1,071
Prison/Jail 210 236 21 18 69a 39 119 178
90413
Table 5.40B – Locations Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Who Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Location of Treatment1 Total
(2007)
Total
(2008)
Aged
12-17
(2007)
Aged
12-17
(2008)
Aged
18-25
(2007)
Aged
18-25
(2008)
Aged
26+
(2007)
Aged
26+
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Received Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple locations of treatment; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
Hospital - Inpatient 32.3 29.5 39.5 37.0 28.1 27.7 32.8 29.4
Rehabilitation Facility - Inpatient 43.3a 32.5 46.1 40.7 39.0 32.8 44.2a 31.7
Rehabilitation Facility - Outpatient 70.7 63.6 74.1 60.9 72.0 74.5 70.0 60.6
Mental Health Center - Outpatient 36.8a 46.1 37.5 41.5 32.9 38.5 37.9 48.8
Emergency Room 19.8 15.4 24.9 17.4 15.4 15.5 20.6 15.2
Private Doctor's Office 17.4 17.6 17.7 * 15.0 19.1 18.0 17.8
Self-Help Group 61.6 61.7 56.4b 37.1 52.4 57.5 64.5 65.1
Prison/Jail 8.7 10.3 14.2 12.9 14.4a 7.9 6.7 10.8
90413
Table 5.41A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
Illicit Drugs
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE                
None 655 571 774 738 241 267 1,284 1,091
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 181 181 234 175 159 142 263 227
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 689 638 793 822 374 311 1,128 1,196
Illicit Drugs 546 522 404 283 254 210 712 623
Alcohol 323 297 622 715 279 242 678 800
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 480 472 485 518 156 208 889 820
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 296 291 325 268 210 213 429 373
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 863 736 1,081 1,042 459 369 1,523 1,467
Illicit Drugs 666 639 503 370 310 283 878 759
Alcohol 494 388 903 941 359 299 1,074 1,081
90413
Table 5.41B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence and/or Abuse Status: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Dependence and/or
Abuse Status
Illicit Drugs
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol1
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
DEPENDENCE                
None 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.5
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 13.2 13.7 17.1 13.3 11.6 10.7 19.2 17.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 5.9 5.2 6.7 6.7 3.2 2.5 9.6 9.7
Illicit Drugs 11.7 10.7 8.6 5.8 5.4 4.3 15.2 12.8
Alcohol 3.8 3.4 7.4 8.2 3.3 2.8 8.0 9.1
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE                
None 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.4
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol 9.3 9.4 10.2 8.7 6.6 6.9 13.5 12.1
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol 3.9 3.3 4.8 4.7 2.1 1.7 6.8 6.6
Illicit Drugs 9.7 9.1 7.3 5.3 4.5 4.0 12.8 10.9
Alcohol 2.6 2.1 4.8 5.1 1.9 1.6 5.8 5.9
90413
Table 5.42A – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 Illicit Drugs2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs2
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
5 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 666 639 503 370 310 283 878 759
Marijuana and Hashish 259 318 211 221 145 171 342 397
Cocaine 362 262 232 156 168 134 433 284
Heroin * * * * * * * *
Hallucinogens 34 29 25 27 23 23 43 35
Inhalants * * 5 * 4 * * *
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 224 201 185 95 108 62 309 237
Pain Relievers 195 184 173 83 98 56 275 214
Tranquilizers 58 62 * 32 * 24 * 70
Stimulants4 44a 16 * 10 22 9 * 16
Sedatives * * * * * * * *
ALCOHOL 494 388 903 941 359 299 1,074 1,081
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND
ALCOHOL2
296 291 325 268 210 213 429 373
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 863 736 1,081 1,042 459 369 1,523 1,467
90413
Table 5.42B – Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Past Year Dependence or Abuse of Specific Substances: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Past Year Dependence or Abuse1 Illicit Drugs2
(2007)
Illicit Drugs2
(2008)
Alcohol
(2007)
Alcohol
(2008)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2007)
Both Illicit
Drugs and
Alcohol2
(2008)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2007)
Illicit Drugs
or Alcohol2,3
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
4 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
5 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
ILLICIT DRUGS2 9.7 9.1 7.3 5.3 4.5 4.0 12.8 10.9
Marijuana and Hashish 6.6 7.6 5.4 5.3 3.7 4.1 8.7 9.5
Cocaine 22.6 18.6 14.5 11.1 10.5 9.5 27.1 20.2
Heroin * * * * * * * *
Hallucinogens 9.3 8.2 6.7 7.5 6.3 6.5 11.8 9.9
Inhalants * * 2.8 * 2.6 * * *
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics4,5 10.4 9.2 8.5 4.4 5.0 2.8 14.3 10.9
Pain Relievers 11.4 10.7 10.1 4.8 5.8 3.3 16.1 12.5
Tranquilizers 13.2 13.8 * 7.0 * 5.4 * 15.5
Stimulants4 10.9 4.4 * 2.7 5.4 2.6 * 4.7
Sedatives * * * * * * * *
ALCOHOL 2.6 2.1 4.8 5.1 1.9 1.6 5.8 5.9
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND
ALCOHOL2
9.3 9.4 10.2 8.7 6.6 6.9 13.5 12.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL2 3.9 3.3 4.8 4.7 2.1 1.7 6.8 6.6
90403
Table 5.43A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,528 7,559 1,343 1,209 6,185 6,351 17.8 16.0
12 26 29 * 1 26 28 * *
13 40 45 2 6 37 39 * *
14 139 132 14 8 125 124 10.1 6.1
15 248 248 20 22 228 227 8.2 8.7
16 322 324 37 28 285 296 11.4 8.6
17 351 412 37 46 314 366 10.7 11.2
18 393 465 33 57 359 408 8.5 12.3
19 432 483 42 47 390 437 9.7 9.6
20 402 363 47a 20 355 343 11.6a 5.4
21 415b 276 55 27 360b 249 13.3 9.9
22 297 336 24a 54 273 282 8.2 16.0
23 298 282 32 32 266 250 10.8 11.4
24 268 245 34 30 234 215 12.7 12.4
25 239 219 35 34 204 185 14.8 15.3
26-29 737 941 146 155 591 786 19.8 16.5
30-34 673 675 145 136 528 539 21.5 20.2
35-39 579 529 179 108 400 421 * *
40-44 524 597 143 180 381 417 * *
45-49 523 514 158 115 365 399 * *
50-54 282 247 74 40 209 207 * *
55-59 212 79 56 23 155 56 * *
60-64 52 51 29 29 23 22 * *
65 or Older 76 68 * 11 76 57 * *
90403
Table 5.43B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.0 3.0 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.5 17.8 16.0
12 0.7 0.8 * 0.0 0.7 0.7 * *
13 1.0 1.1 0.1 0.2 0.9 1.0 * *
14 3.4 3.2 0.3 0.2 3.0 3.0 10.1 6.1
15 5.7 5.7 0.5 0.5 5.2 5.2 8.2 8.7
16 7.2 7.5 0.8 0.6 6.4 6.8 11.4 8.6
17 8.5 9.5 0.9 1.1 7.6 8.5 10.7 11.2
18 8.2 9.5 0.7 1.2 7.5 8.3 8.5 12.3
19 9.9 11.1 1.0 1.1 8.9 10.0 9.7 9.6
20 9.8 9.2 1.1a 0.5 8.7 8.7 11.6a 5.4
21 10.2b 6.9 1.3 0.7 8.8b 6.2 13.3 9.9
22 7.8 8.3 0.6 1.3 7.2 7.0 8.2 16.0
23 7.5 6.9 0.8 0.8 6.7 6.1 10.8 11.4
24 6.8 6.4 0.9 0.8 5.9 5.6 12.7 12.4
25 6.4 5.8 1.0 0.9 5.5 4.9 14.8 15.3
26-29 4.5 5.5 0.9 0.9 3.6 4.6 19.8 16.5
30-34 3.6 3.6 0.8 0.7 2.8 2.9 21.5 20.2
35-39 2.8 2.6 0.8 0.5 1.9 2.1 * *
40-44 2.5 2.8 0.7 0.8 1.8 1.9 * *
45-49 2.3 2.3 0.7 0.5 1.6 1.8 * *
50-54 1.3 1.1 0.3 0.2 1.0 0.9 * *
55-59 1.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.8 0.3 * *
60-64 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 * *
65 or Older 0.2 0.2 * 0.0 0.2 0.2 * *
90403
Table 5.44A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,528 7,559 1,343 1,209 6,185 6,351 17.8 16.0
AGE                
12-17 1,126 1,191 111 111 1,015 1,081 9.9 9.3
18-25 2,745 2,669 303 301 2,442 2,368 11.0 11.3
26 or Older 3,657 3,699 929 797 2,728 2,902 25.4 21.6
GENDER                
Male 4,992a 4,389 917 712 4,075 3,677 18.4 16.2
Female 2,536b 3,171 427 497 2,109b 2,674 16.8 15.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,584 6,480 1,253 1,079 5,332 5,401 19.0 16.6
White 5,050 5,033 943 867 4,108 4,166 18.7 17.2
Black or African American 1,173 1,147 245 162 928 985 20.9 14.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 52 60 9 15 43 45 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 25 18 * 0 25 17 * *
Asian 134 100 21 7 112 93 * *
Two or More Races 150 122 34 27 115 95 * *
Hispanic or Latino 944 1,079 91 130 853 949 9.6 12.0
90403
Table 5.44B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.0 3.0 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.5 17.8 16.0
AGE                
12-17 4.5 4.8 0.4 0.4 4.0 4.3 9.9 9.3
18-25 8.4 8.1 0.9 0.9 7.5 7.2 11.0 11.3
26 or Older 1.9 1.9 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.5 25.4 21.6
GENDER                
Male 4.2a 3.6 0.8 0.6 3.4 3.0 18.4 16.2
Female 2.0b 2.5 0.3 0.4 1.7b 2.1 16.8 15.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.1 3.0 0.6 0.5 2.5 2.5 19.0 16.6
White 3.0 3.0 0.6 0.5 2.4 2.5 18.7 17.2
Black or African American 4.0 3.9 0.8 0.5 3.2 3.3 20.9 14.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 4.1 5.6 0.7 1.4 3.4 4.2 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.6 1.9 * 0.0 3.6 1.9 * *
Asian 1.3 0.9 0.2 0.1 1.1 0.9 * *
Two or More Races 5.5 4.1 1.3 0.9 4.2 3.2 * *
Hispanic or Latino 2.8 3.1 0.3 0.4 2.5 2.7 9.6 12.0
90403
Table 5.45A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,402 6,368 1,232 1,098 5,170 5,270 19.2 17.2
GENDER                
Male 4,380a 3,800 850 637 3,530 3,163 19.4 16.8
Female 2,022b 2,568 382 461 1,639b 2,107 18.9 18.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,655 5,520 1,149 979 4,506 4,541 20.3 17.7
White 4,321 4,279 861 782 3,460 3,497 19.9 18.3
Black or African American 1,044 1,009 231 158 813 851 22.1 15.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 34 47 8 10 26 37 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 11 * 0 * 10 * *
Asian 113 82 19 6 94 76 * *
Two or More Races 121 93 32 22 90 70 * *
Hispanic or Latino 747 848 83 119 664 729 11.1 14.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 1,674 1,507 326 351 1,347 1,156 19.5 23.3
High School Graduate 2,170 2,314 516 379 1,654 1,935 23.8a 16.4
Some College 1,806 1,758 267 267 1,539 1,491 14.8 15.2
College Graduate 753 789 123 101 629 688 * 12.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 3,091 3,128 475 459 2,616 2,669 15.4 14.7
Part-Time 1,138 1,105 145 138 992 967 12.8 12.5
Unemployed 684 838 172 163 512 675 25.1 19.4
Other1 1,490 1,297 440 338 1,050 959 29.5 26.1
90403
Table 5.45B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 2.9 2.8 0.6 0.5 2.3 2.3 19.2 17.2
GENDER                
Male 4.1a 3.5 0.8 0.6 3.3 2.9 19.4 16.8
Female 1.8b 2.2 0.3 0.4 1.4b 1.8 18.9 18.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2.9 2.8 0.6 0.5 2.3 2.3 20.3 17.7
White 2.8 2.8 0.6 0.5 2.2 2.3 19.9 18.3
Black or African American 4.1 3.9 0.9 0.6 3.2 3.3 22.1 15.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.1 5.0 0.7 1.1 2.4 3.9 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 1.3 * 0.0 * 1.3 * *
Asian 1.2 0.8 0.2 0.1 1.0 0.8 * *
Two or More Races 5.2 3.7 1.4 0.9 3.9 2.8 * *
Hispanic or Latino 2.5 2.8 0.3 0.4 2.2 2.4 11.1 14.1
EDUCATION                
< High School 4.6 4.3 0.9 1.0 3.7 3.3 19.5 23.3
High School Graduate 3.2 3.3 0.8 0.5 2.4 2.8 23.8a 16.4
Some College 3.1 3.1 0.5 0.5 2.7 2.6 14.8 15.2
College Graduate 1.2 1.3 0.2 0.2 1.0 1.1 * 12.8
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 2.5 2.6 0.4 0.4 2.2 2.2 15.4 14.7
Part-Time 3.9 3.7 0.5 0.5 3.4 3.2 12.8 12.5
Unemployed 9.6 9.3 2.4 1.8 7.2 7.5 25.1 19.4
Other1 2.3 2.0 0.7 0.5 1.6 1.5 29.5 26.1
120411
Table 5.46A (REVISED) – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,558 7,580 1,362 1,211 6,196 6,369 18.0 16.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 1,323 1,501 264 272 1,058 1,229 20.0 18.1
New England 381 423 57 80 324 343 * 18.8
Middle Atlantic 942 1,078 207 192 734 886 22.0 17.8
Midwest 1,544 1,586 247 341 1,298 1,246 16.0 21.5
East North Central 1,162 1,192 182 257 980 935 15.6 21.6
West North Central 382 395 65 84 317 311 17.0 21.3
South 2,844 2,620 512a 327 2,332 2,293 18.0a 12.5
South Atlantic 1,479 1,350 199 172 1,280 1,178 13.5 12.8
East South Central 540 459 153 100 387 359 * *
West South Central 825 811 160a 55 665 756 19.4b 6.8
West 1,847 1,872 339 272 1,508 1,600 18.3 14.5
Mountain 678 613 81 89 597 524 11.9 14.5
Pacific 1,168 1,260 258 183 911 1,076 22.1 14.6
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 4,124 4,200 711 621 3,413 3,579 17.2 14.8
Small Metro 2,304 2,319 385 405 1,919 1,915 16.7 17.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 1,541 1,528 271 263 1,269 1,265 17.6 17.2
< 250K Pop. 764 792 114 142 650 650 14.9 17.9
Nonmetro 1,130 1,061 266 185 864 875 23.6 17.5
Urbanized 551 463 107 100 444 363 19.4 21.6
Less Urbanized 508 516 144 76 363 440 28.4a 14.7
Completely Rural 71 81 15 10 56 72 * *
120411
Table 5.46B (REVISED) – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Geographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: This table was revised in May 2012 due to updates (for details, see the introduction to these 2008 detailed tables).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3.0 3.0 0.5 0.5 2.5 2.5 18.0 16.0
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION                
Northeast 2.9 3.3 0.6 0.6 2.3 2.7 20.0 18.1
New England 3.2 3.5 0.5 0.7 2.7 2.8 * 18.8
Middle Atlantic 2.8 3.2 0.6 0.6 2.2 2.6 22.0 17.8
Midwest 2.8 2.9 0.5 0.6 2.4 2.3 16.0 21.5
East North Central 3.0 3.1 0.5 0.7 2.6 2.4 15.6 21.6
West North Central 2.3 2.4 0.4 0.5 1.9 1.9 17.0 21.3
South 3.2 2.9 0.6a 0.4 2.6 2.5 18.0a 12.5
South Atlantic 3.1 2.8 0.4 0.4 2.7 2.5 13.5 12.8
East South Central 3.7 3.1 1.0 0.7 2.6 2.4 * *
West South Central 3.0 2.9 0.6a 0.2 2.4 2.7 19.4b 6.8
West 3.2 3.2 0.6 0.5 2.6 2.8 18.3 14.5
Mountain 3.9 3.5 0.5 0.5 3.5 3.0 11.9 14.5
Pacific 2.9 3.1 0.6 0.5 2.3 2.7 22.1 14.6
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 3.1 3.2 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.7 17.2 14.8
Small Metro 3.1 3.1 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.5 16.7 17.4
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 3.1 3.1 0.5 0.5 2.6 2.5 17.6 17.2
< 250K Pop. 3.1 3.1 0.5 0.6 2.6 2.6 14.9 17.9
Nonmetro 2.8 2.6 0.6 0.4 2.1 2.1 23.6 17.5
Urbanized 3.3 2.7 0.6 0.6 2.6 2.1 19.4 21.6
Less Urbanized 2.6 2.6 0.7 0.4 1.8 2.2 28.4a 14.7
Completely Rural 1.5 2.0 0.3 0.2 1.2 1.8 * *
90403
Table 5.47A – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,185 6,351 548 400 205a 99 343 301 5,637 5,951
AGE                    
12-17 1,015 1,081 39 22 11 5 27 17 976 1,059
18-25 2,442 2,368 137 108 34 21 103 88 2,304 2,260
26 or Older 2,728 2,902 372 270 160 73 212 196 2,356 2,632
GENDER                    
Male 4,075 3,677 349 249 154a 57 196 192 3,726 3,428
Female 2,109b 2,674 199 151 52 42 147 109 1,911b 2,523
90403
Table 5.47B – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 8.9 6.3 3.3a 1.6 5.5 4.7 91.1 93.7
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 3.8a 2.0 1.1 0.5 2.7 1.6 96.2a 98.0
18-25 100.0 100.0 5.6 4.6 1.4 0.9 4.2 3.7 94.4 95.4
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 13.6 9.3 5.9 2.5 7.8 6.8 86.4 90.7
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 8.6 6.8 3.8 1.6 4.8 5.2 91.4 93.2
Female 100.0 100.0 9.4a 5.6 2.5 1.6 7.0 4.1 90.6a 94.4
90403
Table 5.48A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 19,301 18,951 1,567 1,560 17,734 17,391 8.1 8.2
AGE                
12-17 1,397a 1,247 82 77 1,315a 1,170 5.9 6.2
18-25 5,621 5,788 289 341 5,332 5,447 5.1 5.9
26 or Older 12,284 11,915 1,196 1,142 11,087 10,774 9.7 9.6
GENDER                
Male 13,144a 12,144 1,142 1,079 12,003a 11,065 8.7 8.9
Female 6,157a 6,807 425 481 5,732a 6,326 6.9 7.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 16,833 16,094 1,437 1,457 15,396 14,637 8.5 9.1
White 13,895 13,175 1,093 1,115 12,802 12,060 7.9 8.5
Black or African American 2,029 2,116 279 273 1,750 1,843 13.7 12.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 154 99 39 15 114 84 * 15.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 52 * 0 1 51 * * *
Asian 452 379 * 35 452 344 0.1 *
Two or More Races 252 222 25 18 227 204 * 8.0
Hispanic or Latino 2,468 2,857 130 103 2,338 2,754 5.3 3.6
90403
Table 5.48B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7.8 7.6 0.6 0.6 7.2 7.0 8.1 8.2
AGE                
12-17 5.5 5.0 0.3 0.3 5.2 4.7 5.9 6.2
18-25 17.2 17.6 0.9 1.0 16.3 16.5 5.1 5.9
26 or Older 6.5 6.2 0.6 0.6 5.8 5.6 9.7 9.6
GENDER                
Male 10.9a 10.0 0.9 0.9 10.0a 9.1 8.7 8.9
Female 4.8a 5.3 0.3 0.4 4.5 4.9 6.9 7.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7.9 7.5 0.7 0.7 7.2 6.8 8.5 9.1
White 8.2 7.8 0.6 0.7 7.6 7.1 7.9 8.5
Black or African American 6.9 7.2 1.0 0.9 6.0 6.2 13.7 12.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.1 9.1 3.1 1.4 9.0 7.8 * 15.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.3 * 0.1 0.1 7.2 * * *
Asian 4.3 3.5 * 0.3 4.3 3.2 0.1 *
Two or More Races 9.2 7.4 0.9 0.6 8.3 6.8 * 8.0
Hispanic or Latino 7.2 8.1 0.4 0.3 6.8 7.9 5.3 3.6
90403
Table 5.49A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 17,904 17,704 1,485 1,483 16,419 16,220 8.3 8.4
GENDER                
Male 12,459 11,560 1,099 1,028 11,361 10,532 8.8 8.9
Female 5,445a 6,143 386 455 5,058a 5,689 7.1 7.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,702 15,097 1,365 1,392 14,338 13,704 8.7 9.2
White 12,921 12,323 1,034 1,059 11,888 11,264 8.0 8.6
Black or African American 1,931 2,037 270 268 1,661 1,769 14.0 13.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 134 84 38 14 96 70 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 50 * 0 0 50 * * *
Asian 433 364 0 35 432 329 0.1 *
Two or More Races 233 189 22 17 211 171 * *
Hispanic or Latino 2,202 2,607 120 91 2,082a 2,516 5.5 3.5
EDUCATION                
< High School 2,949 2,781 387 416 2,562 2,365 13.1 14.9
High School Graduate 5,554 5,670 643 564 4,911 5,106 11.6 9.9
Some College 5,204 5,263 338 381 4,866 4,883 6.5 7.2
College Graduate 4,196 3,989 117 123 4,079 3,866 2.8 3.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 11,121 11,193 696 786 10,424 10,406 6.3 7.0
Part-Time 2,600 2,853 136 173 2,464 2,680 5.2 6.1
Unemployed 1,132 1,394 112 171 1,020 1,223 9.9 12.2
Other1 3,051b 2,264 541 353 2,511b 1,911 17.7 15.6
90403
Table 5.49B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 8.0 7.9 0.7 0.7 7.4 7.2 8.3 8.4
GENDER                
Male 11.6a 10.6 1.0 0.9 10.6a 9.7 8.8 8.9
Female 4.7a 5.3 0.3 0.4 4.4a 4.9 7.1 7.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.1 7.8 0.7 0.7 7.4 7.0 8.7 9.2
White 8.4 8.0 0.7 0.7 7.7 7.3 8.0 8.6
Black or African American 7.6 7.9 1.1 1.0 6.5 6.9 14.0 13.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.2 8.8 3.5 1.5 8.7 7.4 * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 7.9 * 0.1 0.0 7.8 * * *
Asian 4.5 3.7 0.0 0.4 4.5 3.4 0.1 *
Two or More Races 10.0 7.5 0.9 0.7 9.1 6.8 * *
Hispanic or Latino 7.4 8.6 0.4 0.3 7.0 8.3 5.5 3.5
EDUCATION                
< High School 8.1 7.9 1.1 1.2 7.1 6.7 13.1 14.9
High School Graduate 8.1 8.1 0.9 0.8 7.2 7.3 11.6 9.9
Some College 9.1 9.2 0.6 0.7 8.5 8.5 6.5 7.2
College Graduate 6.9 6.4 0.2 0.2 6.7 6.2 2.8 3.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 9.2 9.2 0.6 0.6 8.6 8.5 6.3 7.0
Part-Time 8.8 9.4 0.5 0.6 8.3 8.9 5.2 6.1
Unemployed 15.9 15.5 1.6 1.9 14.4 13.6 9.9 12.2
Other1 4.7b 3.6 0.8 0.6 3.9a 3.0 17.7 15.6
90403
Table 5.50A – Perceived Need for Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not Receive Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but Did Not Receive Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need and Made Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need and Made Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need and Made
No Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need and Made
No Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 17,734 17,391 859 651 240 139 619 512 16,875 16,739
AGE                    
12-17 1,315a 1,170 24 20 6 2 17 18 1,292a 1,151
18-25 5,332 5,447 146a 96 49 23 97 74 5,186 5,350
26 or Older 11,087 10,774 690 535 185 115 505 420 10,397 10,238
GENDER                    
Male 12,003 11,065 603a 348 163 78 440 271 11,399 10,717
Female 5,732a 6,326 256 303 77 62 179 241 5,476 6,023
90403
Table 5.50B – Perceived Need for Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 4.8 3.7 1.4 0.8 3.5 2.9 95.2 96.3
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 1.8 1.7 0.5 0.2 1.3 1.5 98.2 98.3
18-25 100.0 100.0 2.7a 1.8 0.9a 0.4 1.8 1.4 97.3a 98.2
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 6.2 5.0 1.7 1.1 4.6 3.9 93.8 95.0
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 5.0 3.1 1.4 0.7 3.7 2.4 95.0 96.9
Female 100.0 100.0 4.5 4.8 1.3 1.0 3.1 3.8 95.5 95.2
90403
Table 5.51A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 23,202 23,051 2,412 2,287 20,790 20,764 10.4 9.9
AGE                
12-17 1,982 1,938 150 143 1,832 1,795 7.6 7.4
18-25 6,917 6,986 482 498 6,435 6,489 7.0 7.1
26 or Older 14,303 14,126 1,780 1,646 12,523 12,481 12.4 11.6
GENDER                
Male 15,575a 14,443 1,703 1,490 13,871 12,953 10.9 10.3
Female 7,627b 8,608 709 797 6,919b 7,811 9.3 9.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 20,269 19,659 2,235 2,105 18,033 17,554 11.0 10.7
White 16,460 15,848 1,626 1,633 14,834 14,215 9.9 10.3
Black or African American 2,715 2,804 494 369 2,221 2,434 18.2 13.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 184 131 43 20 141 111 * 15.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 70 * 0 1 70 * * *
Asian 520 451 22 40 498 411 * *
Two or More Races 319 313 50 40 269 273 * 12.9
Hispanic or Latino 2,933 3,392 177 182 2,756a 3,209 6.0 5.4
90403
Table 5.51B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9.4 9.2 1.0 0.9 8.4 8.3 10.4 9.9
AGE                
12-17 7.9 7.8 0.6 0.6 7.3 7.2 7.6 7.4
18-25 21.1 21.2 1.5 1.5 19.7 19.7 7.0 7.1
26 or Older 7.5 7.4 0.9 0.9 6.6 6.5 12.4 11.6
GENDER                
Male 13.0a 11.9 1.4 1.2 11.5a 10.7 10.9 10.3
Female 6.0b 6.7 0.6 0.6 5.4b 6.1 9.3 9.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.5 9.2 1.0 1.0 8.4 8.2 11.0 10.7
White 9.7 9.4 1.0 1.0 8.8 8.4 9.9 10.3
Black or African American 9.3 9.5 1.7 1.2 7.6 8.2 18.2 13.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.5 12.1 3.4 1.9 11.1 10.2 * 15.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 9.9 * 0.1 0.1 9.9 * * *
Asian 4.9 4.2 0.2 0.4 4.7 3.8 * *
Two or More Races 11.7 10.4 1.8 1.3 9.8 9.1 * 12.9
Hispanic or Latino 8.6 9.7 0.5 0.5 8.0 9.2 6.0 5.4
90403
Table 5.52A – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 21,220 21,113 2,262 2,143 18,958 18,969 10.7 10.2
GENDER                
Male 14,552a 13,515 1,614 1,397 12,937 12,118 11.1 10.3
Female 6,668b 7,597 647 746 6,021b 6,851 9.7 9.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,640 18,099 2,102 1,982 16,538 16,117 11.3 11.0
White 15,121 14,577 1,518 1,532 13,603 13,045 10.0 10.5
Black or African American 2,529 2,625 477 361 2,051 2,264 18.9 13.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 152 107 41 15 111 92 * 14.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 67 * 0 0 67 * * *
Asian 486 421 19 39 467 382 * *
Two or More Races 284 265 45 36 239 229 * *
Hispanic or Latino 2,580 3,013 160 161 2,420 2,852 6.2 5.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 3,831 3,596 600 610 3,231 2,986 15.7 17.0
High School Graduate 6,605 6,866 885 763 5,720 6,103 13.4 11.1
Some College 6,154 6,207 557 568 5,598 5,639 9.0 9.2
College Graduate 4,630 4,444 220 202 4,410 4,241 4.7 4.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 12,724 12,838 1,005 1,065 11,719 11,773 7.9 8.3
Part-Time 3,179 3,409 212 260 2,967 3,148 6.7 7.6
Unemployed 1,466a 1,793 220 256 1,246a 1,537 15.0 14.3
Other1 3,850b 3,073 824a 562 3,026a 2,511 21.4 18.3
90403
Table 5.52B – Needed and Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Needed
Treatment
(2008)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2007)
Needed and
Received
Treatment
(2008)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment
(2008)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2007)
Percentage
Who Received
Treatment
among Persons
Who Needed
Treatment
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9.5 9.4 1.0 1.0 8.5 8.4 10.7 10.2
GENDER                
Male 13.6a 12.5 1.5 1.3 12.0a 11.2 11.1 10.3
Female 5.8b 6.5 0.6 0.6 5.2a 5.9 9.7 9.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 9.7 9.3 1.1 1.0 8.6 8.3 11.3 11.0
White 9.8 9.4 1.0 1.0 8.8 8.4 10.0 10.5
Black or African American 10.0 10.2 1.9 1.4 8.1 8.8 18.9 13.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 13.8 11.3 3.7 1.6 10.1 9.7 * 14.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 10.6 * 0.1 0.0 10.5 * * *
Asian 5.1 4.3 0.2 0.4 4.9 3.9 * *
Two or More Races 12.3 10.6 2.0 1.4 10.3 9.1 * *
Hispanic or Latino 8.7 9.9 0.5 0.5 8.2 9.4 6.2 5.3
EDUCATION                
< High School 10.5 10.3 1.7 1.7 8.9 8.5 15.7 17.0
High School Graduate 9.7 9.8 1.3 1.1 8.4 8.7 13.4 11.1
Some College 10.7 10.8 1.0 1.0 9.7 9.9 9.0 9.2
College Graduate 7.6 7.1 0.4 0.3 7.3 6.8 4.7 4.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT                
Full-Time 10.5 10.5 0.8 0.9 9.6 9.6 7.9 8.3
Part-Time 10.8 11.3 0.7 0.9 10.1 10.4 6.7 7.6
Unemployed 20.6 20.0 3.1 2.8 17.5 17.1 15.0 14.3
Other1 6.0a 4.8 1.3a 0.9 4.7 4.0 21.4 18.3
90403
Table 5.53A – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but
Did Not
Receive
Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
and Made
No Effort
to Get
Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for
Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 20,790 20,764 1,335 1,000 380a 233 955 766 19,455 19,764
AGE                    
12-17 1,832 1,795 55 39 15 8 40 31 1,776 1,756
18-25 6,435 6,489 255a 184 82a 42 173 142 6,180 6,304
26 or Older 12,523 12,481 1,025 776 283 183 742 593 11,498 11,704
GENDER                    
Male 13,871 12,953 898 591 262a 137 636 455 12,973 12,361
Female 6,919b 7,811 437 408 118 97 319 312 6,482b 7,403
90403
Table 5.53B – Perceived Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment and Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for an Illicit Drug or Alcohol Problem, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Needed but Did Not Receive Treatment1
(2007)
Needed but Did Not Receive Treatment1
(2008)
Felt Need
for Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need
for Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need and Made
Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need and Made
Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2008)
Felt Need and Made No Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2007)
Felt Need and Made No Effort
to Get Treatment2
(2008)
Did Not
Feel Need
for Treatment2
(2007)
Did Not
Feel Need
for Treatment2
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 6.4a 4.8 1.8a 1.1 4.6 3.7 93.6a 95.2
AGE                    
12-17 100.0 100.0 3.0 2.2 0.8 0.5 2.2 1.7 97.0 97.8
18-25 100.0 100.0 4.0a 2.8 1.3a 0.7 2.7 2.2 96.0a 97.2
26 or Older 100.0 100.0 8.2 6.2 2.3 1.5 5.9 4.8 91.8 93.8
GENDER                    
Male 100.0 100.0 6.5 4.6 1.9 1.1 4.6 3.5 93.5 95.4
Female 100.0 100.0 6.3 5.2 1.7 1.2 4.6 4.0 93.7 94.8
90403
Table 5.54A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 511 165 346
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 190 79 111
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 34 11 23
No Transportation/Inconvenient 43 16 28
No Program Having Type of Treatment 39 13 26
Not Ready to Stop Using 151 * 110
No Openings in a Program 13 6 8
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 78 18 60
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 79 11 67
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 66 12 54
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 39 * 24
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 61 19 42
Treatment Would Not Help 16 5 12
Did Not Have Time 24 6 19
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 50 15 35
Some Other Reason 17 6 12
90403
Table 5.54B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs; (2) abuse of illicit drugs; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 37.2 48.1 32.0
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 6.7 6.8 6.7
No Transportation/Inconvenient 8.5 9.5 8.0
No Program Having Type of Treatment 7.7 8.0 7.5
Not Ready to Stop Using 29.5 * 31.9
No Openings in a Program 2.6 3.4 2.3
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 15.3 10.7 17.5
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 15.4 6.8 19.4
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 13.0 7.2 15.7
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 7.7 * 7.0
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 12.0 11.6 12.1
Treatment Would Not Help 3.2 3.0 3.3
Did Not Have Time 4.8 3.4 5.4
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 9.8 9.3 10.1
Some Other Reason 3.4 3.5 3.3
90403
Table 5.55A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 673 188 485
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 208 58 150
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 33 14 19
No Transportation/Inconvenient 49 24 25
No Program Having Type of Treatment 29 14 15
Not Ready to Stop Using 291 59 231
No Openings in a Program 7 4 3
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 75 14 61
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 75 18 57
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 82 15 67
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 49 13 36
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 70 31 39
Treatment Would Not Help 28 5 23
Did Not Have Time 26 10 16
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 44 11 33
Some Other Reason 15 8 6
90403
Table 5.55B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on alcohol; (2) abuse of alcohol; or (3) received treatment for alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center).
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but have not received treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 30.9 30.8 30.9
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 4.9 7.3 3.9
No Transportation/Inconvenient 7.2 12.7 5.1
No Program Having Type of Treatment 4.3 7.2 3.1
Not Ready to Stop Using 43.1 31.4 47.7
No Openings in a Program 1.0 2.1 0.6
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 11.1 7.6 12.5
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 11.1 9.4 11.7
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 12.2 8.1 13.8
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 7.3 7.0 7.4
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 10.4 16.5 8.0
Treatment Would Not Help 4.1 2.5 4.8
Did Not Have Time 3.9 5.4 3.4
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 6.6 6.0 6.8
Some Other Reason 2.2 4.3 1.3
90403
Table 5.56A – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 1,109 306 803
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 356 114 242
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 53 18 34
No Transportation/Inconvenient 76 33 43
No Program Having Type of Treatment 59 25 34
Not Ready to Stop Using 431 90 341
No Openings in a Program 16 7 9
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 133 25 109
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 130 24 107
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 137 23 114
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 83 25 58
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 117 40 77
Treatment Would Not Help 38 7 30
Did Not Have Time 46 12 34
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 85 21 65
Some Other Reason 33 14 19
90403
Table 5.56B – Detailed Reasons for Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Classified as Needing But Not Receiving Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment at a Specialty Facility and Who Felt a Need for Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment in the Past Year, by Whether Made an Effort to Get Treatment in the Past Year: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005-2008
Reason Did Not Receive Illicit Drug or Alcohol Treatment1 Total Made Effort Made No Effort
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on illicit drugs or alcohol; (2) abuse of illicit drugs or alcohol; or (3) received treatment for illicit drug or alcohol use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient], or mental health center). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs or alcohol, but have not received treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem at a specialty facility.
NOTE: Felt Need for Treatment includes persons who did not receive but felt they needed treatment for an illicit drug or alcohol problem, as well as persons who received treatment at a location other than a specialty facility but felt they needed additional treatment.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple reasons; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
TOTAL POPULATION 100.0 100.0 100.0
No Health Coverage and Could Not Afford Cost 32.1 37.4 30.1
Had Health Coverage But Did Not Cover Treatment or Did Not Cover Cost 4.8 6.0 4.3
No Transportation/Inconvenient 6.9 10.6 5.4
No Program Having Type of Treatment 5.4 8.3 4.2
Not Ready to Stop Using 38.8 29.3 42.5
No Openings in a Program 1.4 2.2 1.1
Did Not Know Where to Go for Treatment 12.0 8.1 13.5
Might Cause Neighbors/Community to Have Negative Opinion 11.8 7.7 13.3
Might Have Negative Effect on Job 12.3 7.4 14.2
Did Not Feel Need for Treatment at the Time 7.5 8.2 7.2
Could Handle the Problem Without Treatment 10.6 13.0 9.6
Treatment Would Not Help 3.4 2.4 3.8
Did Not Have Time 4.1 3.9 4.2
Did Not Want Others to Find Out 7.7 6.8 8.0
Some Other Reason 3.0 4.7 2.3

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