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90327
Table 2.1A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 172,366 173,927 84,836 84,370 70,939 70,868
Cigarettes 161,806 162,551 70,569 69,991 60,069 59,781
Smokeless Tobacco 45,091 45,889 11,030 11,762 8,051 8,670
Cigars 88,362 89,338 26,565 26,097 13,263 13,126
Pipe Tobacco2 35,402 36,434 -- -- 2,046 1,877
ALCOHOL 203,976 205,404 162,876 165,071 126,760 128,974
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 57,778 58,096
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 17,010 17,292
90327
Table 2.1B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 69.5 69.6 34.2 33.8 28.6 28.4
Cigarettes 65.3 65.1 28.5 28.0 24.2 23.9
Smokeless Tobacco 18.2 18.4 4.5 4.7 3.2 3.5
Cigars 35.7 35.8 10.7 10.4 5.4 5.3
Pipe Tobacco2 14.3 14.6 -- -- 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 82.3 82.2 65.7 66.1 51.1 51.6
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 23.3 23.3
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 6.9 6.9
90327
Table 2.2A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or 13: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 801 747 435 408 195 198
Cigarettes 645 589 330 322 145 161
Smokeless Tobacco 187 163 99 89 34 33
Cigars 246 238 157 133 56 47
Pipe Tobacco2 53 46 -- -- 15 19
ALCOHOL 1,169 1,083 792 736 283 262
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 121 119
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 6 15
90327
Table 2.2B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or 13: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 9.9 9.6 5.3 5.2 2.4 2.5
Cigarettes 7.9 7.6 4.1 4.1 1.8 2.1
Smokeless Tobacco 2.3 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.4 0.4
Cigars 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 0.7 0.6
Pipe Tobacco2 0.7 0.6 -- -- 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL 14.4 13.9 9.7 9.5 3.5 3.4
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 1.5 1.5
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 0.1 0.2
90327
Table 2.3A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 14 or 15: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 2,261 2,207 1,585 1,499 921 824
Cigarettes 1,898 1,802 1,231 1,156 716 647
Smokeless Tobacco 588 616 412 420 185 162
Cigars 971 917 702 623 290 265
Pipe Tobacco2 183 179 -- -- 70 68
ALCOHOL 3,374 3,265 2,685 2,590 1,249a 1,107
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 664 586
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 123 92
90327
Table 2.3B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 14 or 15: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 26.5 26.1 18.6 17.7 10.8 9.7
Cigarettes 22.3 21.3 14.4 13.7 8.4 7.6
Smokeless Tobacco 6.9 7.3 4.8 5.0 2.2 1.9
Cigars 11.4 10.8 8.2 7.4 3.4 3.1
Pipe Tobacco2 2.1 2.1 -- -- 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 39.6 38.6 31.5 30.6 14.7a 13.1
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 7.8 6.9
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 1.4 1.1
90327
Table 2.4A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 16 or 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 3,950 3,811 2,972 2,794 2,012a 1,822
Cigarettes 3,428 3,306 2,394 2,245 1,620a 1,452
Smokeless Tobacco 1,180a 1,021 790 695 398 352
Cigars 2,063 1,934 1,505a 1,351 724 631
Pipe Tobacco2 341 343 -- -- 97 89
ALCOHOL 5,407 5,192 4,538 4,342 2,488a 2,266
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 1,663a 1,484
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 461 384
90327
Table 2.4B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 16 or 17: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 46.0 44.1 34.6a 32.3 23.4b 21.1
Cigarettes 39.9 38.2 27.9a 26.0 18.9b 16.8
Smokeless Tobacco 13.7b 11.8 9.2a 8.0 4.6 4.1
Cigars 24.0a 22.4 17.5b 15.6 8.4a 7.3
Pipe Tobacco2 4.0 4.0 -- -- 1.1 1.0
ALCOHOL 63.0b 60.0 52.9a 50.2 29.0b 26.2
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 19.4b 17.2
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 5.4 4.4
90327
Table 2.5A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 20: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 8,597 8,621 6,717 6,872 5,164 5,237
Cigarettes 7,722 7,716 5,671 5,822 4,326 4,431
Smokeless Tobacco 2,422 2,489 1,441 1,380 792 762
Cigars 5,122 5,023 3,558 3,467 1,869 1,765
Pipe Tobacco2 972 1,079 -- -- 209 254
ALCOHOL 10,420 10,346 9,343 9,214 6,709 6,434
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 4,725 4,448
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 1,722 1,623
90327
Table 2.5B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 20: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 65.0 65.2 50.8 52.0 39.0 39.6
Cigarettes 58.3 58.4 42.9 44.1 32.7 33.5
Smokeless Tobacco 18.3 18.8 10.9 10.4 6.0 5.8
Cigars 38.7 38.0 26.9 26.2 14.1 13.4
Pipe Tobacco2 7.3 8.2 -- -- 1.6 1.9
ALCOHOL 78.7 78.3 70.6 69.7 50.7 48.7
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 35.7 33.7
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 13.0 12.3
90327
Table 2.6A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 21 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14,410 14,486 10,415 10,326 8,530 8,392
Cigarettes 13,470 13,438 9,092 8,992 7,509 7,326
Smokeless Tobacco 4,145 4,213 1,487 1,565 929 1,010
Cigars 8,734 8,624 4,169 4,052 2,004 1,956
Pipe Tobacco2 1,602 1,700 -- -- 185 203
ALCOHOL 17,465 17,842 16,161 16,487 13,325 13,714
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 8,950 9,062
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 3,097 3,138
90327
Table 2.6B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 21 to 25: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 73.9 73.5 53.4 52.4 43.8 42.6
Cigarettes 69.1 68.1 46.6 45.6 38.5 37.1
Smokeless Tobacco 21.3 21.4 7.6 7.9 4.8 5.1
Cigars 44.8 43.7 21.4 20.5 10.3 9.9
Pipe Tobacco2 8.2 8.6 -- -- 1.0 1.0
ALCOHOL 89.6 90.5 82.9 83.6 68.3 69.5
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 45.9 46.0
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 15.9 15.9
90327
Table 2.7A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 to 34: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 26,228 26,581 16,104 16,255 13,619 13,644
Cigarettes 24,410 25,015 13,596 14,108 11,798 11,969
Smokeless Tobacco 8,385 8,442 2,149 2,361 1,606 1,765
Cigars 14,962 15,264 5,352 5,240 2,502 2,562
Pipe Tobacco2 2,947 3,130 -- -- 262 253
ALCOHOL 31,540a 32,071 27,713 28,243 22,092 22,626
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 12,381 12,988
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 3,418 3,764
90327
Table 2.7B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 to 34: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 74.3 74.6 45.6 45.6 38.6 38.3
Cigarettes 69.2 70.2 38.5 39.6 33.4 33.6
Smokeless Tobacco 23.8 23.7 6.1 6.6 4.5 5.0
Cigars 42.4 42.8 15.2 14.7 7.1 7.2
Pipe Tobacco2 8.3 8.8 -- -- 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 89.3 90.0 78.5 79.3 62.6 63.5
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 35.1 36.4
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 9.7 10.6
90327
Table 2.8A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 35 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 116,119 117,474 46,607 46,216 40,499 40,751
Cigarettes 110,233 110,684 38,254 37,346 33,955 33,794
Smokeless Tobacco 28,186 28,946 4,653 5,253 4,107 4,586
Cigars 56,264 57,337 11,120 11,232 5,818 5,899
Pipe Tobacco2 29,305 29,957 -- -- 1,208 991
ALCOHOL 134,601 135,606 101,643 103,459 80,613 82,565
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 29,275 29,409
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 8,182 8,276
90327
Table 2.8B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 35 or Older: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 75.1 75.1 30.2 29.6 26.2 26.1
Cigarettes 71.3 70.8 24.7 23.9 22.0 21.6
Smokeless Tobacco 18.2 18.5 3.0 3.4 2.7 2.9
Cigars 36.4 36.7 7.2 7.2 3.8 3.8
Pipe Tobacco2 19.0 19.2 -- -- 0.8 0.6
ALCOHOL 87.1 86.7 65.8 66.2 52.2 52.8
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 18.9 18.8
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 5.3 5.3
90327
Table 2.9A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Males: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 92,802 93,394 50,742 49,891 42,369 41,881
Cigarettes 84,613 84,441 38,303 37,439 32,607 31,942
Smokeless Tobacco 38,204 39,014 10,117 10,734 7,589 8,215
Cigars 65,494 66,132 21,088 20,678 10,940 10,900
Pipe Tobacco2 30,987 31,614 -- -- 1,797 1,486
ALCOHOL 102,824 103,887 83,583 84,960 68,088a 69,989
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 38,128 38,292
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 12,786 12,882
90327
Table 2.9B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Males: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 77.2 77.0 42.2 41.1 35.2 34.5
Cigarettes 70.4 69.6 31.8 30.9 27.1 26.3
Smokeless Tobacco 31.8 32.2 8.4 8.9 6.3 6.8
Cigars 54.5 54.5 17.5 17.1 9.1 9.0
Pipe Tobacco2 25.8 26.1 -- -- 1.5 1.2
ALCOHOL 85.5 85.7 69.5 70.1 56.6 57.7
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 31.7 31.6
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 10.6 10.6
90327
Table 2.10A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Females: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 79,564 80,533 34,094 34,479 28,570 28,986
Cigarettes 77,193 78,110 32,266 32,552 27,462 27,839
Smokeless Tobacco 6,887 6,875 913 1,028 461 455
Cigars 22,869 23,206 5,477 5,419 2,323 2,226
Pipe Tobacco2 4,415 4,820 -- -- 249a 391
ALCOHOL 101,152 101,517 79,293 80,111 58,672 58,986
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 19,651 19,805
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 4,225 4,410
90327
Table 2.10B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Females: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Substance Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
2 Information about past year use of pipe tobacco was not collected.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 62.4 62.6 26.7 26.8 22.4 22.5
Cigarettes 60.5 60.8 25.3 25.3 21.5 21.7
Smokeless Tobacco 5.4 5.3 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.4
Cigars 17.9 18.1 4.3 4.2 1.8 1.7
Pipe Tobacco2 3.5 3.7 -- -- 0.2a 0.3
ALCOHOL 79.3 79.0 62.2 62.3 46.0 45.9
Binge Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 15.4 15.4
Heavy Alcohol Use3 -- -- -- -- 3.3 3.4
90327
Table 2.11A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 172,366 173,927 84,836 84,370 70,939 70,868
12 256 257 139 125 54 62
13 545 490 296 283 140 136
14 897 887 606 561 328 279
15 1,364 1,320 980 939 593 545
16 1,893a 1,729 1,393a 1,248 876 782
17 2,057 2,082 1,580 1,546 1,136 1,040
18 2,811 2,957 2,268 2,442 1,774 1,795
19 2,921 2,930 2,289 2,328 1,707 1,727
20 2,865 2,733 2,160 2,102 1,682 1,714
21 2,878 2,857 2,173 2,166 1,788 1,775
22 2,776 2,901 2,118 2,125 1,736 1,730
23 2,991 3,000 2,165 2,127 1,756 1,684
24 2,953 2,863 2,118 1,965 1,759 1,587
25 2,812 2,865 1,841 1,943 1,492 1,616
26-29 12,330 13,014 7,929 8,548 6,719 7,127
30-34 13,898 13,567 8,175 7,707 6,900 6,517
35-39 15,784 14,879 8,355a 7,447 7,139 6,454
40-44 16,102 16,420 8,038 8,053 6,831 7,074
45-49 17,893 17,661 8,753 8,448 7,705 7,639
50-54 16,856 16,964 7,806 8,053 6,708 6,928
55-59 14,061 14,041 5,283 5,038 4,685 4,407
60-64 10,495 11,628 3,246 3,749 2,889 3,328
65 or Older 24,928 25,881 5,126 5,427 4,541 4,922
90327
Table 2.11B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 69.5 69.6 34.2 33.8 28.6 28.4
12 6.4 6.7 3.4 3.2 1.4 1.6
13 13.2 12.4 7.2 7.2 3.4 3.5
14 21.7 21.6 14.7 13.7 7.9 6.8
15 31.1 30.3 22.3 21.5 13.5 12.5
16 42.5 39.9 31.3 28.8 19.7 18.1
17 49.7 48.2 38.2 35.8 27.5a 24.1
18 59.0 60.4 47.6 49.8 37.2 36.7
19 66.6 67.3 52.2 53.5 39.0 39.7
20 70.1 68.9 52.9 53.0 41.2 43.2
21 70.4 71.7 53.2 54.4 43.7 44.6
22 73.2 71.9 55.9 52.7 45.8 42.9
23 75.6 73.5 54.7 52.1 44.4 41.3
24 75.0 74.4 53.8 51.1 44.7 41.2
25 75.5 75.9 49.4 51.5 40.1 42.8
26-29 75.2 76.2 48.3 50.1 41.0 41.7
30-34 73.5 73.1 43.3 41.5 36.5 35.1
35-39 74.9 73.5 39.7 36.8 33.9 31.9
40-44 75.9 76.6 37.9 37.6 32.2 33.0
45-49 79.3 78.4 38.8 37.5 34.1 33.9
50-54 77.6 77.1 35.9 36.6 30.9 31.5
55-59 76.4 78.9 28.7 28.3 25.4 24.8
60-64 78.9 76.9 24.4 24.8 21.7 22.0
65 or Older 68.7 69.5 14.1 14.6 12.5 13.2
90327
Table 2.12A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 161,806 162,551 70,569 69,991 60,069 59,781
12 206 191 105 91 35 46
13 439 399 225 231 110 115
14 722 691 461 408 248 207
15 1,176 1,111 770 748 469 440
16 1,656a 1,491 1,098 992 689 613
17 1,772 1,815 1,297 1,253 931 840
18 2,455 2,607 1,843 2,035 1,414 1,478
19 2,652 2,649 1,992 2,001 1,455 1,491
20 2,615 2,461 1,836 1,786 1,457 1,462
21 2,641 2,596 1,846 1,858 1,518 1,534
22 2,564 2,680 1,871 1,895 1,529 1,520
23 2,808 2,793 1,915 1,838 1,575 1,468
24 2,797 2,667 1,866 1,689 1,557 1,387
25 2,659 2,701 1,594 1,712 1,329 1,418
26-29 11,501 12,304 6,790a 7,536 5,853 6,326
30-34 12,909 12,711 6,805 6,572 5,944 5,643
35-39 14,736 13,838 6,936a 6,009 5,996 5,295
40-44 14,950 15,354 6,417 6,463 5,634 5,867
45-49 16,912 16,617 7,301 7,012 6,687 6,476
50-54 16,327 15,972 6,445 6,623 5,806 5,954
55-59 13,542 13,436 4,530 3,976 4,057 3,664
60-64 10,151 11,157 2,722 3,084 2,505 2,716
65 or Older 23,616 24,310 3,903 4,179 3,269 3,822
90327
Table 2.12B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 65.3 65.1 28.5 28.0 24.2 23.9
12 5.1 5.0 2.6 2.4 0.9 1.2
13 10.7 10.1 5.5 5.9 2.7 2.9
14 17.5 16.9 11.2 9.9 6.0 5.0
15 26.8 25.5 17.6 17.2 10.7 10.1
16 37.2 34.4 24.7 22.9 15.5 14.1
17 42.9 42.0 31.4 29.0 22.5a 19.4
18 51.5 53.2 38.7 41.6 29.7 30.2
19 60.5 60.9 45.5 46.0 33.2 34.3
20 64.0 62.0 44.9 45.0 35.7 36.9
21 64.6 65.2 45.1 46.6 37.1 38.5
22 67.7 66.5 49.4 47.0 40.3 37.7
23 71.0 68.4 48.4 45.0 39.8a 36.0
24 71.0 69.3 47.4 43.9 39.5a 36.0
25 71.4 71.5 42.8 45.4 35.7 37.6
26-29 70.1 72.1 41.4 44.1 35.7 37.1
30-34 68.3 68.5 36.0 35.4 31.5 30.4
35-39 70.0 68.3 32.9a 29.7 28.5 26.1
40-44 70.5 71.7 30.3 30.2 26.6 27.4
45-49 74.9 73.8 32.3 31.1 29.6 28.8
50-54 75.2 72.6 29.7 30.1 26.7 27.1
55-59 73.6 75.5 24.6 22.3 22.0 20.6
60-64 76.3 73.8 20.5 20.4 18.8 18.0
65 or Older 65.1 65.3 10.8 11.2 9.0 10.3
90327
Table 2.13A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 45,091 45,889 11,030 11,762 8,051 8,670
12 58 50 30 24 10 9
13 129 113 69 65 25 24
14 230 249 159 154 77 51
15 358 367 252 265 108 111
16 547 482 366 336 197 161
17 633a 538 423 359 201 190
18 759 844 496 530 277 295
19 810 844 506 449 270 240
20 852 801 439 402 245 228
21 819 821 359 335 199 196
22 826 829 330 314 199 215
23 807 907 277 322 176 204
24 913 834 268 300 191 212
25 779 822 253 294 164 184
26-29 3,871 4,195 1,088 1,142 780 799
30-34 4,513 4,247 1,061 1,219 826 965
35-39 5,666 5,283 1,367 1,193 1,201 1,022
40-44 5,107 5,260 1,096 1,175 876 992
45-49 4,312a 4,982 649 782 580 702
50-54 3,702 3,731 419 736 402 605
55-59 2,714 3,031 192a 383 181 352
60-64 1,642 2,079 248 265 185 252
65 or Older 5,043 4,581 683 718 683 661
90327
Table 2.13B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18.2 18.4 4.5 4.7 3.2 3.5
12 1.4 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.2
13 3.1 2.9 1.7 1.7 0.6 0.6
14 5.6 6.1 3.8 3.8 1.9 1.2
15 8.2 8.4 5.8 6.1 2.5 2.6
16 12.3 11.1 8.2 7.8 4.4 3.7
17 15.3b 12.5 10.2a 8.3 4.9 4.4
18 15.9 17.2 10.4 10.8 5.8 6.0
19 18.5 19.4 11.6 10.3 6.2 5.5
20 20.9 20.2 10.7 10.1 6.0 5.7
21 20.0 20.6 8.8 8.4 4.9 4.9
22 21.8 20.6 8.7 7.8 5.2 5.3
23 20.4 22.2 7.0 7.9 4.5 5.0
24 23.2 21.7 6.8 7.8 4.8 5.5
25 20.9 21.8 6.8 7.8 4.4 4.9
26-29 23.6 24.6 6.6 6.7 4.8 4.7
30-34 23.9 22.9 5.6 6.6 4.4 5.2
35-39 26.9 26.1 6.5 5.9 5.7 5.0
40-44 24.1 24.5 5.2 5.5 4.1 4.6
45-49 19.1b 22.1 2.9 3.5 2.6 3.1
50-54 17.0 17.0 1.9 3.3 1.9 2.7
55-59 14.7 17.0 1.0a 2.1 1.0a 2.0
60-64 12.4 13.8 1.9 1.8 1.4 1.7
65 or Older 13.9 12.3 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8
90327
Table 2.14A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 88,362 89,338 26,565 26,097 13,263 13,126
12 67 76 44 35 18 14
13 180 162 113 97 38 34
14 355 337 236 219 88 84
15 616 580 466 404 202 181
16 935a 824 676 591 310 274
17 1,128 1,110 829 760 413 357
18 1,629 1,698 1,293 1,256 709 665
19 1,714 1,666 1,174 1,176 614 558
20 1,779 1,659 1,091 1,034 545 542
21 1,841 1,696 1,021 913 547 455
22 1,698 1,677 928 830 459 394
23 1,774 1,860 816 847 351 389
24 1,792 1,713 773 780 366 375
25 1,629 1,678 631 682 281 342
26-29 7,223 7,857 2,724 3,042 1,330 1,469
30-34 7,740 7,408 2,629a 2,198 1,171 1,093
35-39 8,614 8,009 2,275 2,079 1,170 1,106
40-44 7,965 8,385 2,134 2,064 1,034 1,120
45-49 8,856 8,854 2,362 2,114 1,282 1,076
50-54 8,733 8,501 1,977 2,084 872 1,178
55-59 6,826 7,140 961 1,284 585 567
60-64 4,655a 5,703 603 886 271 460
65 or Older 10,616 10,746 809 720 604 392
90327
Table 2.14B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 35.7 35.8 10.7 10.4 5.4 5.3
12 1.7 2.0 1.1 0.9 0.4 0.4
13 4.4 4.1 2.8 2.5 0.9 0.9
14 8.6 8.2 5.7 5.3 2.1 2.0
15 14.0 13.3 10.6 9.3 4.6 4.2
16 21.0 19.0 15.2 13.7 7.0 6.3
17 27.3 25.7 20.0a 17.6 10.0a 8.3
18 34.2 34.7 27.1 25.6 14.9 13.6
19 39.1 38.3 26.8 27.0 14.0 12.8
20 43.5 41.8 26.7 26.1 13.3 13.7
21 45.0 42.6 25.0 22.9 13.4 11.4
22 44.8 41.6 24.5b 20.6 12.1a 9.8
23 44.9 45.6 20.6 20.7 8.9 9.5
24 45.5 44.5 19.6 20.3 9.3 9.8
25 43.7 44.4 16.9 18.1 7.6 9.1
26-29 44.0 46.0 16.6 17.8 8.1 8.6
30-34 41.0 39.9 13.9a 11.8 6.2 5.9
35-39 40.9 39.5 10.8 10.3 5.6 5.5
40-44 37.6 39.1 10.1 9.6 4.9 5.2
45-49 39.2 39.3 10.5 9.4 5.7 4.8
50-54 40.2 38.7 9.1 9.5 4.0 5.4
55-59 37.1 40.1 5.2 7.2 3.2 3.2
60-64 35.0 37.7 4.5 5.9 2.0 3.0
65 or Older 29.2 28.8 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.1
90327
Table 2.15A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 203,976 205,404 162,876 165,071 126,760 128,974
12 405 380 257 237 89 80
13 764 703 536 499 194 182
14 1,320 1,324 1,004 982 413 433
15 2,054 1,941 1,682 1,609 835b 674
16 2,627 2,460 2,168 2,033 1,059 959
17 2,779 2,732 2,370 2,309 1,429 1,307
18 3,453 3,607 3,054 3,114 1,993 2,035
19 3,549 3,472 3,197 3,135 2,354 2,199
20 3,419 3,267 3,092 2,964 2,362 2,200
21 3,677 3,549 3,496 3,366 2,933 2,810
22 3,353a 3,645 3,116 3,374 2,522b 2,840
23 3,539 3,689 3,275 3,378 2,705 2,817
24 3,527 3,505 3,222 3,254 2,657 2,687
25 3,370 3,454 3,052 3,115 2,507 2,560
26-29 14,676 15,495 13,064 13,921 10,363a 11,504
30-34 16,864 16,575 14,649 14,322 11,729 11,122
35-39 18,782 18,270 15,927 15,083 12,442 12,030
40-44 19,168 19,268 15,956 16,017 12,916 12,917
45-49 20,448 20,409 16,209 16,483 13,158 13,431
50-54 19,268 19,288 15,285 15,060 12,388 12,063
55-59 16,314 16,367 12,230 12,227 9,573 9,717
60-64 11,620a 13,132 8,102a 9,687 6,323a 7,607
65 or Older 29,001 28,871 17,934 18,903 13,814 14,800
90327
Table 2.15B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 82.3 82.2 65.7 66.1 51.1 51.6
12 10.1 9.9 6.4 6.2 2.2 2.1
13 18.6 17.8 13.0 12.7 4.7 4.6
14 31.9 32.3 24.3 23.9 10.0 10.6
15 46.8 44.5 38.3 36.9 19.0b 15.5
16 59.0 56.8 48.7 47.0 23.8 22.2
17 67.2b 63.3 57.3a 53.5 34.6b 30.3
18 72.4 73.6 64.1 63.6 41.8 41.5
19 81.0 79.8 73.0 72.0 53.7 50.5
20 83.7 82.4 75.7 74.8 57.8 55.5
21 90.0 89.1 85.5 84.5 71.8 70.6
22 88.5 90.4 82.2 83.7 66.5a 70.4
23 89.5 90.4 82.8 82.8 68.4 69.0
24 89.5 91.1 81.8a 84.6 67.4 69.8
25 90.5 91.5 82.0 82.5 67.3 67.8
26-29 89.5 90.8 79.7 81.5 63.2a 67.4
30-34 89.2 89.3 77.5 77.2 62.1 59.9
35-39 89.2 90.2 75.6 74.5 59.1 59.4
40-44 90.4 89.9 75.2 74.8 60.9 60.3
45-49 90.6 90.6 71.8 73.2 58.3 59.6
50-54 88.7 87.7 70.4 68.5 57.0 54.9
55-59 88.6a 92.0 66.4 68.7 52.0 54.6
60-64 87.4 86.9 60.9 64.1 47.6 50.3
65 or Older 79.9 77.5 49.4 50.7 38.1 39.7
90327
Table 2.16A – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Alcohol Use
(2007)
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 126,760 128,974 57,778 58,096 17,010 17,292
12 89 80 37 36 2 4
13 194 182 84 82 4 11
14 413 433 184 210 17 25
15 835b 674 479b 376 107 67
16 1,059 959 673 637 167 158
17 1,429 1,307 989a 847 294a 226
18 1,993 2,035 1,378 1,381 457 444
19 2,354 2,199 1,702 1,544 618 570
20 2,362 2,200 1,645 1,523 647 609
21 2,933 2,810 2,047 1,950 733 690
22 2,522b 2,840 1,776 1,893 641 726
23 2,705 2,817 1,793 1,837 640 603
24 2,657 2,687 1,743 1,776 615 612
25 2,507 2,560 1,590 1,605 469 507
26-29 10,363a 11,504 6,223b 7,267 1,721b 2,255
30-34 11,729 11,122 6,158 5,721 1,697 1,510
35-39 12,442 12,030 5,991 5,559 1,782 1,499
40-44 12,916 12,917 5,916 5,600 1,552 1,427
45-49 13,158 13,431 5,397 5,385 1,758 1,661
50-54 12,388 12,063 4,679 4,454 1,373 1,409
55-59 9,573 9,717 2,920 3,136 823 919
60-64 6,323a 7,607 1,610 2,212 388 551
65 or Older 13,814 14,800 2,762 3,064 506 810
90327
Table 2.16B – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Detailed Age Category: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Age Category Alcohol Use
(2007)
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 51.1 51.6 23.3 23.3 6.9 6.9
12 2.2 2.1 0.9 0.9 0.1 0.1
13 4.7 4.6 2.0 2.1 0.1 0.3
14 10.0 10.6 4.5 5.1 0.4 0.6
15 19.0b 15.5 10.9b 8.6 2.4 1.5
16 23.8 22.2 15.1 14.7 3.8 3.7
17 34.6b 30.3 23.9b 19.6 7.1a 5.2
18 41.8 41.5 28.9 28.2 9.6 9.1
19 53.7 50.5 38.8 35.5 14.1 13.1
20 57.8 55.5 40.3 38.4 15.8 15.4
21 71.8 70.6 50.1 49.0 17.9 17.3
22 66.5a 70.4 46.9 46.9 16.9 18.0
23 68.4 69.0 45.3 45.0 16.2 14.8
24 67.4 69.8 44.3 46.2 15.6 15.9
25 67.3 67.8 42.7 42.5 12.6 13.4
26-29 63.2a 67.4 37.9b 42.6 10.5a 13.2
30-34 62.1 59.9 32.6 30.8 9.0 8.1
35-39 59.1 59.4 28.4 27.4 8.5 7.4
40-44 60.9 60.3 27.9 26.1 7.3 6.7
45-49 58.3 59.6 23.9 23.9 7.8 7.4
50-54 57.0 54.9 21.5 20.3 6.3 6.4
55-59 52.0 54.6 15.9 17.6 4.5 5.2
60-64 47.6 50.3 12.1 14.6 2.9 3.6
65 or Older 38.1 39.7 7.6 8.2 1.4 2.2
90327
Table 2.17A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 172,366 173,927 84,836 84,370 70,939 70,868
AGE            
12-17 7,012 6,765 4,992a 4,701 3,128b 2,844
18-25 23,006 23,107 17,133 17,198 13,694 13,629
26 or Older 142,347 144,055 62,711 62,471 54,118 54,395
GENDER            
Male 92,802 93,394 50,742 49,891 42,369 41,881
Female 79,564 80,533 34,094 34,479 28,570 28,986
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 153,544 154,164 74,883 74,874 63,168 63,393
White 128,856 129,125 61,685 61,245 51,971 51,554
Black or African American 16,983 17,281 9,117 9,613 7,836 8,457
American Indian or Alaska Native 944 851 607 598 530 527
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 490 * * * * *
Asian 4,384 4,177 2,136 1,899 1,633 1,503
Two or More Races 1,888 2,272 1,083 1,253 964 1,124
Hispanic or Latino 18,822 19,763 9,953 9,496 7,772 7,475
90327
Table 2.17B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 69.5 69.6 34.2 33.8 28.6 28.4
AGE            
12-17 27.8 27.2 19.8 18.9 12.4a 11.4
18-25 70.3 70.2 52.3 52.2 41.8 41.4
26 or Older 75.0 75.0 33.0 32.5 28.5 28.3
GENDER            
Male 77.2 77.0 42.2 41.1 35.2 34.5
Female 62.4 62.6 26.7 26.8 22.4 22.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 71.9 71.8 35.1 34.9 29.6 29.5
White 76.2 76.2 36.5 36.1 30.7 30.4
Black or African American 58.1 58.5 31.2 32.5 26.8 28.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 74.5 78.5 47.9 55.2 41.8 48.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 69.1 * * * * *
Asian 41.4 38.8 20.2 17.6 15.4 13.9
Two or More Races 69.0 75.4 39.6 41.6 35.2 37.3
Hispanic or Latino 55.0 56.4 29.1 27.1 22.7 21.3
90327
Table 2.18A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7,012 6,765 4,992a 4,701 3,128b 2,844
GENDER            
Male 3,932b 3,655 2,882b 2,603 1,816b 1,598
Female 3,081 3,109 2,110 2,099 1,312 1,246
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,894a 5,573 4,249b 3,919 2,737b 2,399
White 4,748b 4,385 3,578b 3,209 2,328b 1,990
Black or African American 818 829 477 474 289 255
American Indian or Alaska Native 54 67 39 54 28 30
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 151 116 80 63 44 43
Two or More Races 106a 149 64b 106 41a 71
Hispanic or Latino 1,118 1,192 743 782 391 445
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 2,661b 2,371 2,054b 1,769 1,321b 1,123
Female, White, Not Hispanic 2,087 2,013 1,524 1,439 1,008a 867
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 424 439 264 271 169 141
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 394 391 214 203 121 113
Male, Hispanic 661 658 443 448 246 270
Female, Hispanic 457 533 301 334 144 175
90327
Table 2.18B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 27.8 27.2 19.8 18.9 12.4a 11.4
GENDER            
Male 30.5a 28.8 22.4b 20.5 14.1b 12.6
Female 24.9 25.5 17.1 17.2 10.6 10.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 28.6 27.6 20.7a 19.4 13.3b 11.9
White 31.5a 29.9 23.8b 21.8 15.5b 13.5
Black or African American 21.3 21.9 12.4 12.5 7.5 6.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 32.5a 48.9 23.3b 39.4 16.7 22.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 14.8 12.0 7.9 6.5 4.3 4.4
Two or More Races 25.4 29.6 15.4a 21.1 9.9 14.2
Hispanic or Latino 24.0 25.2 15.9 16.6 8.4 9.4
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 34.5b 31.5 26.6b 23.5 17.1b 14.9
Female, White, Not Hispanic 28.4 28.1 20.8 20.1 13.7a 12.1
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 21.8 23.1 13.6 14.2 8.7 7.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 20.7 20.8 11.2 10.8 6.3 6.0
Male, Hispanic 27.8 27.3 18.6 18.6 10.3 11.2
Female, Hispanic 20.0 23.1 13.2 14.5 6.3 7.6
90327
Table 2.19A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 23,006 23,107 17,133 17,198 13,694 13,629
GENDER            
Male 12,543 12,482 9,970 9,963 8,238 8,093
Female 10,463 10,625 7,163 7,235 5,456 5,536
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 19,357 19,295 14,638 14,608 11,800 11,707
White 15,462 15,541 11,951 11,981 9,620 9,639
Black or African American 2,527 2,487 1,720 1,760 1,421 1,428
American Indian or Alaska Native 148 147 119 116 108 91
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 802 717 532 443 392 298
Two or More Races 331 316 257 240 210 192
Hispanic or Latino 3,649 3,812 2,494 2,590 1,894 1,922
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,331 4,151 3,594 3,417 3,134 2,923
High School Graduate 7,809 8,103 6,027 6,318 5,028 5,186
Some College 7,742 7,584 5,534 5,420 4,222 4,140
College Graduate 3,124 3,269 1,978 2,044 1,311 1,378
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 11,543 11,284 8,545 8,245 7,028 6,706
Part-Time 5,616 5,700 4,131 4,212 3,129 3,131
Unemployed 1,927b 2,234 1,594b 1,857 1,381a 1,601
Other1 3,921 3,889 2,862 2,884 2,156 2,191
90327
Table 2.19B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 70.3 70.2 52.3 52.2 41.8 41.4
GENDER            
Male 76.1 75.3 60.5 60.1 50.0 48.8
Female 64.4 64.9 44.1 44.2 33.6 33.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 71.8 71.1 54.3 53.8 43.8 43.1
White 76.4 76.5 59.1 59.0 47.5 47.5
Black or African American 55.9 53.5 38.1 37.9 31.4 30.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 87.7 85.4 70.8 67.5 64.3 52.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 55.5 48.0 36.8a 29.6 27.1a 20.0
Two or More Races 75.0 76.8 58.1 58.5 47.5 46.7
Hispanic or Latino 63.0 65.8 43.1 44.7 32.7 33.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 69.7 70.5 57.8 58.1 50.4 49.7
High School Graduate 70.1 69.7 54.1 54.4 45.1 44.6
Some College 70.6 69.9 50.5 49.9 38.5 38.2
College Graduate 70.7 71.4 44.8 44.6 29.7 30.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 75.3 75.3 55.7 55.0 45.8 44.8
Part-Time 66.7 66.6 49.0 49.2 37.1 36.6
Unemployed 73.8 73.1 61.0 60.7 52.9 52.3
Other1 61.6 61.3 45.0 45.4 33.9 34.5
90327
Table 2.20A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 142,347 144,055 62,711 62,471 54,118 54,395
GENDER            
Male 76,327 77,256 37,890 37,326 32,315 32,191
Female 66,020 66,799 24,821 25,145 21,802 22,205
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 128,293 129,296 55,996 56,347 48,631 49,287
White 108,646 109,199 46,156 46,056 40,023 39,926
Black or African American 13,638 13,965 6,920 7,379 6,125 6,775
American Indian or Alaska Native 743 637 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 3,431 3,344 1,524 1,393 1,197 1,161
Two or More Races 1,450 1,807 762 906 713 861
Hispanic or Latino 14,054 14,760 6,715 6,124 5,487 5,108
EDUCATION            
< High School 20,366 19,865 11,140 11,192 10,086 10,434
High School Graduate 43,019 44,330 21,878 21,816 19,964 19,591
Some College 36,558 36,365 16,129 15,962 13,845 13,926
College Graduate 42,404 43,495 13,564 13,501 10,223 10,444
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 82,406 83,580 39,684 39,389 33,571 33,807
Part-Time 15,770 16,198 5,874 5,949 5,015 5,122
Unemployed 3,399b 4,475 2,373a 2,881 2,172a 2,668
Other1 40,771 39,802 14,780 14,252 13,360 12,798
90327
Table 2.20B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 75.0 75.0 33.0 32.5 28.5 28.3
GENDER            
Male 84.0 84.0 41.7 40.6 35.6 35.0
Female 66.7 66.8 25.1 25.1 22.0 22.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 77.2 77.2 33.7 33.7 29.3 29.4
White 81.2 81.2 34.5 34.3 29.9 29.7
Black or African American 65.4 66.1 33.2 34.9 29.4 32.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 79.6 82.2 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 42.2 40.2 18.7 16.8 14.7 14.0
Two or More Races 77.3 86.1 40.6 43.2 38.0 41.0
Hispanic or Latino 59.1 60.1 28.2a 25.0 23.1 20.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 67.6 68.1 37.0 38.4 33.5 35.8
High School Graduate 75.5 75.7 38.4 37.3 35.0 33.5
Some College 78.6 78.4 34.7 34.4 29.8 30.0
College Graduate 75.4 75.1 24.1 23.3 18.2 18.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 77.6 77.9 37.4 36.7 31.6 31.5
Part-Time 74.8 74.7 27.9 27.5 23.8 23.6
Unemployed 75.7 75.5 52.9 48.6 48.4 45.0
Other1 70.1 69.7 25.4 24.9 23.0 22.4
90327
Table 2.21A – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 165,353 167,162 79,844 79,669 67,812 68,024
GENDER            
Male 88,870 89,739 47,859 47,289 40,553 40,283
Female 76,484 77,424 31,985 32,380 27,258 27,740
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 147,650 148,591 70,634 70,956 60,431 60,994
White 124,108 124,740 58,107 58,037 49,642 49,564
Black or African American 16,165 16,452 8,640 9,139 7,546 8,202
American Indian or Alaska Native 890 784 569 544 502 497
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 4,233 4,061 2,056 1,836 1,589 1,460
Two or More Races 1,782 2,123 1,018 1,147 922 1,053
Hispanic or Latino 17,703 18,572 9,210 8,714 7,381 7,030
EDUCATION            
< High School 24,696 24,016 14,734 14,609 13,219 13,357
High School Graduate 50,829 52,434 27,905 28,134 24,992 24,778
Some College 44,300 43,949 21,662 21,382 18,067 18,066
College Graduate 45,528 46,764 15,542 15,544 11,534 11,822
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 93,948 94,864 48,230 47,634 40,599 40,513
Part-Time 21,386 21,898 10,004 10,162 8,144 8,252
Unemployed 5,326b 6,709 3,967b 4,737 3,553b 4,269
Other1 44,693 43,692 17,643 17,136 15,516 14,989
90327
Table 2.21B – Tobacco Product Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco. Tobacco Product use in the past year excludes past year pipe tobacco use, but includes past month pipe tobacco use.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 74.3 74.3 35.9 35.4 30.5 30.2
GENDER            
Male 82.8 82.7 44.6 43.6 37.8 37.1
Female 66.4 66.5 27.8 27.8 23.7 23.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 76.5 76.4 36.6 36.5 31.3 31.3
White 80.6 80.6 37.7 37.5 32.2 32.0
Black or African American 63.7 63.8 34.0 35.5 29.7 31.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 80.8 82.8 51.6 57.5 45.6 52.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 44.2 41.4 21.5 18.7 16.6 14.9
Two or More Races 76.9 84.6 43.9 45.7 39.8 41.9
Hispanic or Latino 59.8 61.2 31.1 28.7 24.9 23.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 68.0 68.5 40.6 41.7 36.4 38.1
High School Graduate 74.6 74.7 40.9 40.1 36.7 35.3
Some College 77.1 76.8 37.7 37.4 31.4 31.6
College Graduate 75.1 74.8 25.6 24.9 19.0 18.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 77.3 77.6 39.7 39.0 33.4 33.1
Part-Time 72.5 72.4 33.9 33.6 27.6 27.3
Unemployed 75.0 74.7 55.9 52.7 50.0 47.5
Other1 69.3 68.8 27.3 27.0 24.0 23.6
90327
Table 2.22A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 161,806 162,551 70,569 69,991 60,069 59,781
AGE            
12-17 5,971 5,698 3,955a 3,722 2,482a 2,261
18-25 21,191 21,154 14,763 14,815 11,835 11,757
26 or Older 134,643 135,699 51,850 51,454 45,752 45,762
GENDER            
Male 84,613 84,441 38,303 37,439 32,607 31,942
Female 77,193 78,110 32,266 32,552 27,462 27,839
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 144,278 143,888 61,884 61,504 53,046 52,994
White 121,432 120,995 50,521 49,741 43,305 42,696
Black or African American 15,582 15,782 7,853 8,284 6,777 7,343
American Indian or Alaska Native 915 792 524 533 436 477
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 4,095 3,764 1,851 1,615 1,505 1,287
Two or More Races 1,794 2,144 913 1,073 818 970
Hispanic or Latino 17,528a 18,663 8,685 8,486 7,023 6,786
90327
Table 2.22B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 65.3 65.1 28.5 28.0 24.2 23.9
AGE            
12-17 23.7 22.9 15.7 15.0 9.8a 9.1
18-25 64.7 64.2 45.1 45.0 36.2 35.7
26 or Older 70.9 70.7 27.3 26.8 24.1 23.8
GENDER            
Male 70.4 69.6 31.8 30.9 27.1 26.3
Female 60.5 60.8 25.3 25.3 21.5 21.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 67.5 67.0 29.0 28.6 24.8 24.7
White 71.8 71.4 29.9 29.4 25.6 25.2
Black or African American 53.3 53.4 26.9 28.0 23.2 24.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 72.2 73.1 41.4 49.2 34.4 44.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 38.6 34.9 17.5 15.0 14.2 11.9
Two or More Races 65.6 71.1 33.4 35.6 29.9 32.2
Hispanic or Latino 51.2 53.2 25.4 24.2 20.5 19.4
90327
Table 2.23A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 5,971 5,698 3,955a 3,722 2,482a 2,261
GENDER            
Male 3,153b 2,878 2,068a 1,877 1,285a 1,141
Female 2,818 2,820 1,887 1,845 1,197 1,120
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,000b 4,660 3,342b 3,061 2,169b 1,889
White 4,018b 3,629 2,812b 2,494 1,837b 1,563
Black or African American 686 717 368 368 234 188
American Indian or Alaska Native 49 57 32 39 22 26
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 129 104 62 57 35 37
Two or More Races 101 128 61a 91 37a 66
Hispanic or Latino 971 1,037 613 661 313 372
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 2,089b 1,792 1,429b 1,216 905b 762
Female, White, Not Hispanic 1,930 1,837 1,383 1,277 932a 801
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 349 378 196 207 132 103
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 338 338 172 161 102 85
Male, Hispanic 541 552 341 368 185 220
Female, Hispanic 430 485 272 293 128 152
90327
Table 2.23B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 23.7 22.9 15.7 15.0 9.8a 9.1
GENDER            
Male 24.5a 22.6 16.0a 14.8 10.0a 9.0
Female 22.8 23.1 15.3 15.1 9.7 9.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 24.3a 23.1 16.2a 15.2 10.5b 9.4
White 26.7b 24.7 18.7b 17.0 12.2b 10.6
Black or African American 17.8 19.0 9.6 9.7 6.1 5.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 29.7 41.6 19.3 28.9 13.4 18.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 12.6 10.7 6.1 5.9 3.4 3.8
Two or More Races 24.2 25.4 14.5 18.1 8.9 13.1
Hispanic or Latino 20.8 22.0 13.1 14.0 6.7 7.9
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 27.1b 23.8 18.5b 16.2 11.7a 10.1
Female, White, Not Hispanic 26.3 25.7 18.8 17.8 12.7a 11.2
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 17.9 19.9 10.1 10.9 6.8 5.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 17.7 18.0 9.0 8.6 5.4 4.5
Male, Hispanic 22.7 22.9 14.3 15.2 7.8 9.1
Female, Hispanic 18.8 21.0 11.9 12.7 5.6 6.6
90327
Table 2.24A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 21,191 21,154 14,763 14,815 11,835 11,757
GENDER            
Male 11,263 11,135 8,138 8,117 6,673 6,548
Female 9,928 10,020 6,626 6,697 5,161 5,210
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,749 17,540 12,537 12,466 10,127 10,021
White 14,139 14,211 10,171 10,218 8,251 8,237
Black or African American 2,312 2,192 1,480 1,501 1,186 1,220
American Indian or Alaska Native 143 140 114 103 88 82
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 757 642 492 387 372a 269
Two or More Races 314 274 226 193 183 158
Hispanic or Latino 3,442 3,615 2,227 2,348 1,708 1,736
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,122 3,945 3,335 3,155 2,867 2,674
High School Graduate 7,204 7,496 5,218a 5,590 4,339 4,556
Some College 7,087 6,838 4,688 4,512 3,575 3,460
College Graduate 2,778 2,875 1,522 1,557 1,054 1,066
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 10,684 10,471 7,373 7,124 6,099 5,760
Part-Time 5,053 5,077 3,492 3,530 2,658 2,666
Unemployed 1,833a 2,087 1,441b 1,688 1,244a 1,445
Other1 3,620 3,519 2,458 2,473 1,834 1,886
90327
Table 2.24B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 64.7 64.2 45.1 45.0 36.2 35.7
GENDER            
Male 68.3 67.2 49.4 49.0 40.5 39.5
Female 61.1 61.2 40.8 40.9 31.8 31.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 65.9 64.6 46.5 45.9 37.6 36.9
White 69.9 70.0 50.3 50.3 40.8 40.6
Black or African American 51.2a 47.2 32.8 32.3 26.2 26.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 84.8 81.2 67.7 59.8 52.2 47.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 52.3a 43.0 34.0a 25.9 25.7b 18.0
Two or More Races 71.1 66.7 51.1 47.0 41.5 38.5
Hispanic or Latino 59.5 62.4 38.5 40.5 29.5 30.0
EDUCATION            
< High School 66.3 67.0 53.6 53.6 46.1 45.4
High School Graduate 64.7 64.5 46.9 48.1 39.0 39.2
Some College 64.7 63.0 42.8 41.6 32.6 31.9
College Graduate 62.9 62.8 34.4 34.0 23.9 23.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 69.7 69.9 48.1 47.6 39.8 38.5
Part-Time 60.0 59.4 41.5 41.3 31.6 31.2
Unemployed 70.2 68.3 55.2 55.2 47.6 47.3
Other1 56.9 55.4 38.6 39.0 28.8 29.7
90327
Table 2.25A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 134,643 135,699 51,850 51,454 45,752 45,762
GENDER            
Male 70,196 70,428 28,097 27,444 24,648 24,253
Female 64,448 65,271 23,753 24,010 21,104 21,510
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 121,528 121,688 46,005 45,977 40,750 41,084
White 103,275 103,154 37,538 37,029 33,217 32,896
Black or African American 12,585 12,874 6,004 6,415 5,356 5,935
American Indian or Alaska Native 722 595 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 3,210 3,019 1,297 1,171 1,098 981
Two or More Races 1,379 1,742 626 788 598 746
Hispanic or Latino 13,115 14,011 5,845 5,477 5,002 4,678
EDUCATION            
< High School 19,173 18,897 10,099 10,187 9,077 9,390
High School Graduate 41,334 42,188 19,116 18,685 17,398 16,906
Some College 34,922 34,342 13,308 13,084 11,847 11,752
College Graduate 39,215 40,272 9,327 9,497 7,430 7,714
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 77,298 78,082 31,329 31,368 27,466 27,483
Part-Time 15,028 15,453 5,267 5,089 4,559 4,515
Unemployed 3,202b 4,261 2,076a 2,564 1,922a 2,421
Other1 39,115 37,904 13,178 12,432 11,806 11,344
90327
Table 2.25B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 70.9 70.7 27.3 26.8 24.1 23.8
GENDER            
Male 77.2 76.6 30.9 29.8 27.1 26.4
Female 65.1 65.3 24.0 24.0 21.3 21.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 73.2 72.7 27.7 27.5 24.5 24.5
White 77.2 76.7 28.1 27.5 24.8 24.5
Black or African American 60.3 60.9 28.8 30.4 25.7 28.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 77.4 76.8 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 39.5 36.3 15.9 14.1 13.5 11.8
Two or More Races 73.5 83.0 33.4 37.5 31.9 35.5
Hispanic or Latino 55.1 57.1 24.6 22.3 21.0 19.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 63.7 64.8 33.5 34.9 30.1 32.2
High School Graduate 72.5 72.1 33.5 31.9 30.5 28.9
Some College 75.1 74.1 28.6 28.2 25.5 25.3
College Graduate 69.7 69.5 16.6 16.4 13.2 13.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 72.8 72.8 29.5 29.2 25.9 25.6
Part-Time 71.3 71.3 25.0 23.5 21.6 20.8
Unemployed 71.3 71.9 46.2 43.3 42.8 40.9
Other1 67.3 66.3 22.7 21.8 20.3 19.9
90327
Table 2.26A – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 155,835 156,854 66,614 66,269 57,587 57,520
GENDER            
Male 81,459 81,563 36,235 35,562 31,322 30,801
Female 74,376 75,291 30,379 30,707 26,266 26,719
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 139,278 139,228 58,541 58,443 50,877 51,105
White 117,414 117,365 47,709 47,247 41,468 41,133
Black or African American 14,896 15,066 7,485 7,916 6,542 7,155
American Indian or Alaska Native 865 735 492 494 414 452
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 3,967 3,661 1,789 1,558 1,470 1,250
Two or More Races 1,693 2,016 852 982 781 904
Hispanic or Latino 16,557a 17,626 8,072 7,826 6,710 6,414
EDUCATION            
< High School 23,295 22,841 13,434 13,343 11,944 12,064
High School Graduate 48,538 49,684 24,334 24,276 21,737 21,462
Some College 42,009 41,180 17,996 17,596 15,423 15,213
College Graduate 41,992 43,148 10,848 11,055 8,484 8,780
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 87,983 88,553 38,701 38,492 33,565 33,243
Part-Time 20,082 20,530 8,759 8,620 7,216 7,181
Unemployed 5,035b 6,348 3,517b 4,252 3,166b 3,866
Other1 42,735 41,422 15,636 14,905 13,640 13,230
90327
Table 2.26B – Cigarette Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 70.0 69.7 29.9 29.5 25.9 25.6
GENDER            
Male 75.9 75.1 33.7 32.8 29.2 28.4
Female 64.5 64.7 26.4 26.4 22.8 23.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 72.2 71.6 30.3 30.0 26.4 26.3
White 76.2 75.8 31.0 30.5 26.9 26.6
Black or African American 58.7 58.4 29.5 30.7 25.8 27.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 78.6 77.6 44.7 52.1 37.6 47.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 41.4 37.3 18.7 15.9 15.3 12.7
Two or More Races 73.0 80.3 36.8 39.1 33.7 36.0
Hispanic or Latino 56.0 58.1 27.3 25.8 22.7 21.1
EDUCATION            
< High School 64.1 65.2 37.0 38.1 32.9 34.4
High School Graduate 71.2 70.8 35.7 34.6 31.9 30.6
Some College 73.1 72.0 31.3 30.8 26.8 26.6
College Graduate 69.2 69.0 17.9 17.7 14.0 14.0
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 72.4 72.4 31.9 31.5 27.6 27.2
Part-Time 68.1 67.9 29.7 28.5 24.5 23.8
Unemployed 70.9 70.7 49.5 47.3 44.6 43.0
Other1 66.2 65.3 24.2 23.5 21.1 20.8
90327
Table 2.27A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 45,091 45,889 11,030 11,762 8,051 8,670
AGE            
12-17 1,954 1,799 1,300 1,204 617 547
18-25 6,567 6,702 2,928 2,944 1,721 1,772
26 or Older 36,570 37,388 6,802 7,614 5,713 6,351
GENDER            
Male 38,204 39,014 10,117 10,734 7,589 8,215
Female 6,887 6,875 913 1,028 461 455
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 42,229 43,100 10,318 11,087 7,615 8,285
White 38,118 38,525 9,711 10,014 7,175 7,541
Black or African American 2,605 2,769 297a 549 195a 425
American Indian or Alaska Native 474 329 101 88 83 59
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 19 46 17 19
Asian 461 622 73 210 57 121
Two or More Races 461b 743 118 181 88 121
Hispanic or Latino 2,862 2,790 712 675 436 384
90327
Table 2.27B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 18.2 18.4 4.5 4.7 3.2 3.5
AGE            
12-17 7.7 7.2 5.1 4.8 2.4 2.2
18-25 20.1 20.3 8.9 8.9 5.3 5.4
26 or Older 19.3 19.5 3.6 4.0 3.0 3.3
GENDER            
Male 31.8 32.2 8.4 8.9 6.3 6.8
Female 5.4 5.3 0.7 0.8 0.4 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 19.8 20.1 4.8 5.2 3.6 3.9
White 22.5 22.7 5.7 5.9 4.2 4.5
Black or African American 8.9 9.4 1.0a 1.9 0.7a 1.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 37.4 30.3 7.9 8.1 6.5 5.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 2.7 5.1 2.5 2.1
Asian 4.4 5.8 0.7 1.9 0.5 1.1
Two or More Races 16.8a 24.7 4.3 6.0 3.2 4.0
Hispanic or Latino 8.4 8.0 2.1 1.9 1.3 1.1
90327
Table 2.28A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 1,954 1,799 1,300 1,204 617 547
GENDER            
Male 1,554a 1,401 1,089 993 566 492
Female 401 398 211 211 51 55
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,791 1,648 1,195 1,119 569 517
White 1,634 1,507 1,132 1,032 548 490
Black or African American 90 72 31 48 10 14
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 23 16 17 5 4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 19 7 6 3 1 1
Two or More Races 20 36 9 18 6 5
Hispanic or Latino 163 151 105 85 48 30
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1,309 1,178 954 850 507 445
Female, White, Not Hispanic 325 329 178 183 41 45
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 64 60 30 47 10 14
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 26 13 1 1 * 0
Male, Hispanic 130 116 78 66 42 24
Female, Hispanic 33 35 26 19 6 6
90327
Table 2.28B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 7.7 7.2 5.1 4.8 2.4 2.2
GENDER            
Male 12.1 11.0 8.4 7.8 4.4 3.9
Female 3.2 3.3 1.7 1.7 0.4 0.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.7 8.2 5.8 5.5 2.8 2.6
White 10.9 10.3 7.5 7.0 3.6 3.3
Black or African American 2.3 1.9 0.8 1.3 0.3 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 15.4 17.0 9.8 12.4 3.2 3.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.8 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 4.8 7.2 2.1 3.6 1.3 1.1
Hispanic or Latino 3.5 3.2 2.2 1.8 1.0 0.6
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 17.0 15.6 12.4 11.3 6.6 5.9
Female, White, Not Hispanic 4.4 4.6 2.4 2.5 0.6 0.6
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 3.3 3.1 1.5 2.5 0.5 0.7
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 1.4 0.7 0.1 0.1 * 0.0
Male, Hispanic 5.5 4.8 3.3 2.8 1.8 1.0
Female, Hispanic 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.8 0.3 0.3
90327
Table 2.29A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 6,567 6,702 2,928 2,944 1,721 1,772
GENDER            
Male 5,333 5,436 2,637 2,666 1,636 1,698
Female 1,234 1,266 291 279 85 74
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 6,035 6,048 2,706 2,710 1,629 1,665
White 5,570 5,605 2,572 2,545 1,560 1,597
Black or African American 221 205 58 69 26 19
American Indian or Alaska Native 51 54 14 19 10 9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 16 10 * 5 * 2
Asian 75 71 22 29 11 12
Two or More Races 101 102 33 42 15 26
Hispanic or Latino 532a 654 222 234 91 107
EDUCATION            
< High School 1,200 1,216 626 563 380 342
High School Graduate 2,317 2,396 1,139 1,185 713 736
Some College 2,160 2,190 918 893 501 496
College Graduate 890 901 244 304 127a 198
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 3,737 3,628 1,643 1,535 1,004 1,053
Part-Time 1,409 1,505 647 655 371 315
Unemployed 540 606 232 286 124 161
Other1 880 963 407 469 222 244
90327
Table 2.29B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 20.1 20.3 8.9 8.9 5.3 5.4
GENDER            
Male 32.4 32.8 16.0 16.1 9.9 10.3
Female 7.6 7.7 1.8 1.7 0.5 0.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.4 22.3 10.0 10.0 6.0 6.1
White 27.5 27.6 12.7 12.5 7.7 7.9
Black or African American 4.9 4.4 1.3 1.5 0.6 0.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 30.5 31.5 8.5 11.3 6.2 5.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 12.1 9.1 * 4.7 * 2.1
Asian 5.2 4.8 1.5 2.0 0.8 0.8
Two or More Races 22.8 24.8 7.4 10.1 3.3 6.3
Hispanic or Latino 9.2a 11.3 3.8 4.0 1.6 1.8
EDUCATION            
< High School 19.3 20.7 10.1 9.6 6.1 5.8
High School Graduate 20.8 20.6 10.2 10.2 6.4 6.3
Some College 19.7 20.2 8.4 8.2 4.6 4.6
College Graduate 20.1 19.7 5.5 6.6 2.9a 4.3
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 24.4 24.2 10.7 10.2 6.5 7.0
Part-Time 16.7 17.6 7.7 7.7 4.4 3.7
Unemployed 20.7 19.8 8.9 9.4 4.8 5.3
Other1 13.8 15.2 6.4 7.4 3.5 3.8
90327
Table 2.30A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 36,570 37,388 6,802 7,614 5,713 6,351
GENDER            
Male 31,318 32,177 6,391 7,076 5,387 6,025
Female 5,252 5,211 411 539 325 326
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 34,404 35,404 6,417a 7,259 5,416 6,103
White 30,914 31,413 6,007 6,437 5,067 5,454
Black or African American 2,294 2,492 208a 432 159a 391
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 70 52 67 45
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 368 544 45 178 45 107
Two or More Races 340a 605 76 121 67 90
Hispanic or Latino 2,167 1,984 386 356 297 248
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,982 4,543 1,115 1,315 901 1,159
High School Graduate 11,646 12,149 2,628 2,898 2,258 2,495
Some College 9,540 9,715 1,605 1,640 1,391 1,319
College Graduate 10,403 10,981 1,454 1,761 1,163 1,379
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 25,112 26,067 5,146 5,758 4,286 4,833
Part-Time 2,886 2,477 262 332 208 223
Unemployed 1,008 1,153 265 331 221 276
Other1 7,563 7,690 1,130 1,193 997 1,018
90327
Table 2.30B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 19.3 19.5 3.6 4.0 3.0 3.3
GENDER            
Male 34.5 35.0 7.0 7.7 5.9 6.5
Female 5.3 5.2 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 20.7 21.1 3.9 4.3 3.3 3.6
White 23.1 23.4 4.5 4.8 3.8 4.1
Black or African American 11.0 11.8 1.0a 2.0 0.8a 1.9
American Indian or Alaska Native * * 7.5 6.7 7.2 5.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 4.5 6.5 0.6 2.1 0.6 1.3
Two or More Races 18.1a 28.8 4.1 5.8 3.6 4.3
Hispanic or Latino 9.1 8.1 1.6 1.4 1.2 1.0
EDUCATION            
< High School 16.5 15.6 3.7 4.5 3.0 4.0
High School Graduate 20.4 20.7 4.6 5.0 4.0 4.3
Some College 20.5 21.0 3.5 3.5 3.0 2.8
College Graduate 18.5 19.0 2.6 3.0 2.1 2.4
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 23.7 24.3 4.8 5.4 4.0 4.5
Part-Time 13.7 11.4 1.2 1.5 1.0 1.0
Unemployed 22.5 19.5 5.9 5.6 4.9 4.7
Other1 13.0 13.5 1.9 2.1 1.7 1.8
90327
Table 2.31A – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 43,137 44,090 9,730 10,559 7,434 8,123
GENDER            
Male 36,651 37,613 9,028 9,741 7,023 7,723
Female 6,486 6,476 702 817 411 400
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 40,438 41,451 9,123 9,969 7,045 7,769
White 36,484 37,018 8,578 8,982 6,627 7,051
Black or African American 2,515 2,696 266a 501 185a 410
American Indian or Alaska Native * 305 84 71 77 54
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 19 45 17 *
Asian 443 615 67 207 57 119
Two or More Races 441a 707 109 163 82 116
Hispanic or Latino 2,699 2,638 607 590 388 354
EDUCATION            
< High School 6,182 5,759 1,741 1,878 1,281 1,501
High School Graduate 13,963 14,545 3,767 4,083 2,971 3,230
Some College 11,700 11,905 2,523 2,533 1,892 1,815
College Graduate 11,292 11,881 1,698 2,065 1,290 1,577
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 28,850 29,695 6,788 7,293 5,290 5,886
Part-Time 4,295 3,982 908 987 579 538
Unemployed 1,548 1,760 496 617 345 437
Other1 8,444 8,653 1,537 1,662 1,219 1,263
90327
Table 2.31B – Smokeless Tobacco Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 19.4 19.6 4.4 4.7 3.3 3.6
GENDER            
Male 34.1 34.6 8.4 9.0 6.5 7.1
Female 5.6 5.6 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 21.0 21.3 4.7 5.1 3.7 4.0
White 23.7 23.9 5.6 5.8 4.3 4.6
Black or African American 9.9 10.5 1.0a 1.9 0.7a 1.6
American Indian or Alaska Native * 32.3 7.7 7.5 7.0 5.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 2.9 5.6 2.7 *
Asian 4.6 6.3 0.7 2.1 0.6 1.2
Two or More Races 19.0a 28.2 4.7 6.5 3.5 4.6
Hispanic or Latino 9.1 8.7 2.1 1.9 1.3 1.2
EDUCATION            
< High School 17.0 16.4 4.8 5.4 3.5 4.3
High School Graduate 20.5 20.7 5.5 5.8 4.4 4.6
Some College 20.4 20.8 4.4 4.4 3.3 3.2
College Graduate 18.6 19.0 2.8 3.3 2.1 2.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 23.8 24.3 5.6 6.0 4.4 4.8
Part-Time 14.6 13.2 3.1 3.3 2.0 1.8
Unemployed 21.8 19.6 7.0 6.9 4.9 4.9
Other1 13.1 13.6 2.4 2.6 1.9 2.0
90327
Table 2.32A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 88,362 89,338 26,565 26,097 13,263 13,126
AGE            
12-17 3,280 3,089 2,365b 2,107 1,070a 944
18-25 13,855 13,647 7,727 7,519 3,873 3,721
26 or Older 71,226 72,601 16,473 16,472 8,320 8,462
GENDER            
Male 65,494 66,132 21,088 20,678 10,940 10,900
Female 22,869 23,206 5,477 5,419 2,323 2,226
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 79,921 80,282 23,437 23,047 11,827 11,562
White 69,343 69,625 19,364 19,179 9,323 9,057
Black or African American 6,816 7,090 2,800 3,038 1,960 2,077
American Indian or Alaska Native 616b 268 202a 91 107 61
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 131 * 50 * 20
Asian 1,896 1,867 618b 318 159 132
Two or More Races 1,042 1,300 380 372 216 216
Hispanic or Latino 8,441 9,056 3,128 3,050 1,435 1,564
90327
Table 2.32B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 35.7 35.8 10.7 10.4 5.4 5.3
AGE            
12-17 13.0 12.4 9.4b 8.5 4.2 3.8
18-25 42.3 41.4 23.6 22.8 11.8 11.3
26 or Older 37.5 37.8 8.7 8.6 4.4 4.4
GENDER            
Male 54.5 54.5 17.5 17.1 9.1 9.0
Female 17.9 18.1 4.3 4.2 1.8 1.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 37.4 37.4 11.0 10.7 5.5 5.4
White 41.0 41.1 11.5 11.3 5.5 5.3
Black or African American 23.3 24.0 9.6 10.3 6.7 7.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 48.6b 24.7 15.9a 8.4 8.4 5.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 14.6 * 5.5 * 2.2
Asian 17.9 17.3 5.8b 2.9 1.5 1.2
Two or More Races 38.1 43.1 13.9 12.4 7.9 7.2
Hispanic or Latino 24.6 25.8 9.1 8.7 4.2 4.5
90327
Table 2.33A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 3,280 3,089 2,365b 2,107 1,070a 944
GENDER            
Male 2,178b 1,917 1,605b 1,375 778a 677
Female 1,103 1,172 759 731 293 267
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,763a 2,555 2,033b 1,759 951b 788
White 2,337a 2,136 1,755b 1,493 811b 648
Black or African American 297 292 194 185 95 102
American Indian or Alaska Native 20 25 13 17 * 8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 62 30 42a 12 21 2
Two or More Races 38a 62 25 43 13 23
Hispanic or Latino 517 535 332 348 119 156
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 1,555b 1,337 1,190b 983 601b 486
Female, White, Not Hispanic 782 798 565 510 211 162
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 162 176 113 114 65 64
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 136 116 82 71 31 38
Male, Hispanic 370 345 243 239 78 111
Female, Hispanic 147 190 89 109 41 45
90327
Table 2.33B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13.0 12.4 9.4b 8.5 4.2 3.8
GENDER            
Male 16.9b 15.1 12.5b 10.8 6.0 5.3
Female 8.9 9.6 6.1 6.0 2.4 2.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.4 12.7 9.9b 8.7 4.6b 3.9
White 15.5 14.5 11.7b 10.2 5.4b 4.4
Black or African American 7.7 7.7 5.1 4.9 2.5 2.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 12.3 18.4 7.7 12.4 * 6.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 6.1 3.1 4.1a 1.2 2.1 0.2
Two or More Races 9.1 12.3 6.0 8.5 3.1 4.6
Hispanic or Latino 11.1 11.3 7.1 7.4 2.5 3.3
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 20.2b 17.8 15.4b 13.1 7.8a 6.5
Female, White, Not Hispanic 10.7 11.1 7.7 7.1 2.9 2.3
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 8.3 9.3 5.8 6.0 3.3 3.4
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 7.1 6.2 4.3 3.8 1.6 2.0
Male, Hispanic 15.5 14.3 10.2 9.9 3.3 4.6
Female, Hispanic 6.4 8.2 3.9 4.7 1.8 1.9
90327
Table 2.34A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 13,855 13,647 7,727 7,519 3,873 3,721
GENDER            
Male 8,967 8,790 5,606 5,484 3,041 2,855
Female 4,888 4,857 2,121 2,035 832 866
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 11,940 11,731 6,720 6,501 3,394 3,182
White 10,070 9,958 5,597 5,434 2,701 2,517
Black or African American 1,134 1,152 703 746 505 515
American Indian or Alaska Native 87 67 * 40 * 24
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 390 309 202 140 64 50
Two or More Races 228 200 139 123 75 63
Hispanic or Latino 1,915 1,916 1,007 1,018 479 539
EDUCATION            
< High School 2,408 2,223 1,545 1,419 938 817
High School Graduate 4,358 4,478 2,566 2,609 1,376 1,388
Some College 4,942 4,714 2,661 2,492 1,212 1,143
College Graduate 2,147 2,233 956 999 347 372
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 7,086 6,814 3,757a 3,484 1,885 1,688
Part-Time 3,415 3,421 1,981 1,946 954 971
Unemployed 1,105 1,252 700 800 397 464
Other1 2,250 2,159 1,290 1,288 638 598
90327
Table 2.34B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 42.3 41.4 23.6 22.8 11.8 11.3
GENDER            
Male 54.4 53.1 34.0 33.1 18.4 17.2
Female 30.1 29.7 13.1 12.4 5.1 5.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 44.3 43.2 24.9 23.9 12.6a 11.7
White 49.8 49.0 27.7 26.8 13.4 12.4
Black or African American 25.1 24.8 15.6 16.1 11.2 11.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 51.7 39.1 * 23.3 * 13.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 27.0a 20.7 14.0a 9.3 4.4 3.4
Two or More Races 51.5 48.7 31.5 29.8 16.9 15.4
Hispanic or Latino 33.1 33.1 17.4 17.6 8.3 9.3
EDUCATION            
< High School 38.7 37.8 24.8 24.1 15.1 13.9
High School Graduate 39.1 38.5 23.0 22.5 12.4 11.9
Some College 45.1 43.4 24.3 23.0 11.1 10.5
College Graduate 48.6 48.7 21.6 21.8 7.9 8.1
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 46.2 45.5 24.5 23.3 12.3 11.3
Part-Time 40.5 40.0 23.5 22.8 11.3 11.4
Unemployed 42.3 41.0 26.8 26.2 15.2 15.2
Other1 35.3 34.0 20.3 20.3 10.0 9.4
90327
Table 2.35A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 71,226 72,601 16,473 16,472 8,320 8,462
GENDER            
Male 54,349 55,425 13,876 13,818 7,122 7,369
Female 16,878 17,177 2,597 2,653 1,198 1,093
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 65,218 65,997 14,684 14,788 7,482 7,593
White 56,936 57,531 12,013 12,252 5,811 5,892
Black or African American 5,384 5,646 1,902 2,106 1,359 1,459
American Indian or Alaska Native * 176 133a 34 63 28
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1,444 1,527 374a 166 74 79
Two or More Races 776 1,038 215 207 128 129
Hispanic or Latino 6,008 6,605 1,789 1,684 838 869
EDUCATION            
< High School 7,784 7,462 2,357a 1,757 1,413 1,102
High School Graduate 19,922 19,847 4,557 4,698 2,563 2,521
Some College 18,445 19,420 4,350 4,729 2,047 2,401
College Graduate 25,076 25,871 5,208 5,288 2,298 2,438
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 46,774 47,190 12,386 11,909 5,888 6,152
Part-Time 6,511 6,973 1,156 1,387 623 697
Unemployed 1,811a 2,305 586 767 397 419
Other1 16,130 16,133 2,345 2,410 1,412 1,194
90327
Table 2.35B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 37.5 37.8 8.7 8.6 4.4 4.4
GENDER            
Male 59.8 60.3 15.3 15.0 7.8 8.0
Female 17.1 17.2 2.6 2.7 1.2 1.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 39.3 39.4 8.8 8.8 4.5 4.5
White 42.6 42.8 9.0 9.1 4.3 4.4
Black or African American 25.8 26.7 9.1 10.0 6.5 6.9
American Indian or Alaska Native * 22.7 14.2a 4.4 6.7 3.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 17.7 18.4 4.6a 2.0 0.9 1.0
Two or More Races 41.4 49.5 11.5 9.8 6.8 6.1
Hispanic or Latino 25.3 26.9 7.5 6.9 3.5 3.5
EDUCATION            
< High School 25.8 25.6 7.8a 6.0 4.7 3.8
High School Graduate 34.9 33.9 8.0 8.0 4.5 4.3
Some College 39.7 41.9 9.4 10.2 4.4 5.2
College Graduate 44.6 44.7 9.3 9.1 4.1 4.2
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 44.1 44.0 11.7 11.1 5.5 5.7
Part-Time 30.9 32.2 5.5 6.4 3.0 3.2
Unemployed 40.3 38.9 13.1 12.9 8.8 7.1
Other1 27.7 28.2 4.0 4.2 2.4 2.1
90327
Table 2.36A – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 85,082 86,248 24,200 23,990 12,193 12,183
GENDER            
Male 63,316 64,215 19,482 19,302 10,163 10,223
Female 21,766 22,033 4,718 4,688 2,030 1,959
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 77,158 77,727 21,404 21,288 10,876 10,775
White 67,006 67,489 17,609 17,686 8,512 8,409
Black or African American 6,518 6,798 2,605 2,852 1,864 1,975
American Indian or Alaska Native 595b 243 189a 74 99 52
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 122 * 41 * 16
Asian 1,834 1,837 576a 306 138 130
Two or More Races 1,004 1,239 355 329 203 192
Hispanic or Latino 7,924 8,521 2,796 2,702 1,317 1,408
EDUCATION            
< High School 10,192 9,685 3,902b 3,175 2,351a 1,918
High School Graduate 24,280 24,325 7,123 7,307 3,939 3,910
Some College 23,387 24,134 7,011 7,221 3,259 3,544
College Graduate 27,223 28,104 6,164 6,286 2,645 2,810
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 53,860 54,005 16,143 15,393 7,773 7,840
Part-Time 9,926 10,394 3,137 3,333 1,576 1,668
Unemployed 2,915b 3,557 1,286 1,567 794 883
Other1 18,380 18,293 3,635 3,698 2,050 1,792
90327
Table 2.36B – Cigar Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 38.2 38.3 10.9 10.7 5.5 5.4
GENDER            
Male 59.0 59.2 18.1 17.8 9.5 9.4
Female 18.9 18.9 4.1 4.0 1.8 1.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 40.0 39.9 11.1 10.9 5.6 5.5
White 43.5 43.6 11.4 11.4 5.5 5.4
Black or African American 25.7 26.4 10.3 11.1 7.3 7.7
American Indian or Alaska Native 54.1b 25.7 17.2a 7.8 9.0 5.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * 15.1 * 5.0 * 2.0
Asian 19.1 18.7 6.0b 3.1 1.4 1.3
Two or More Races 43.3 49.3 15.3 13.1 8.8 7.7
Hispanic or Latino 26.8 28.1 9.5 8.9 4.5 4.6
EDUCATION            
< High School 28.0 27.6 10.7a 9.1 6.5 5.5
High School Graduate 35.6 34.7 10.5 10.4 5.8 5.6
Some College 40.7 42.2 12.2 12.6 5.7 6.2
College Graduate 44.9 45.0 10.2 10.1 4.4 4.5
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 44.3 44.2 13.3 12.6 6.4 6.4
Part-Time 33.6 34.4 10.6 11.0 5.3 5.5
Unemployed 41.0 39.6 18.1 17.4 11.2 9.8
Other1 28.5 28.8 5.6 5.8 3.2 2.8
90327
Table 2.37A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 203,976 205,404 162,876 165,071 126,760 128,974
AGE            
12-17 9,949b 9,540 8,016a 7,668 4,021b 3,635
18-25 27,886 28,187 25,504 25,701 20,034 20,148
26 or Older 166,141 167,676 129,356 131,702 102,705 105,191
GENDER            
Male 102,824 103,887 83,583 84,960 68,088a 69,989
Female 101,152 101,517 79,293 80,111 58,672 58,986
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 179,324 179,512 143,278 144,528 112,348 113,836
White 147,074 146,581 119,080 119,200 94,884 95,290
Black or African American 21,845 22,122 15,920a 16,810 11,501 12,374
American Indian or Alaska Native 1,021 843 751 599 566 469
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 599 * 512 * * *
Asian 6,546 6,931 5,255 5,639 3,727 3,991
Two or More Races 2,239 2,477 1,760 1,830 1,301 1,432
Hispanic or Latino 24,652b 25,891 19,598a 20,543 14,412 15,138
90327
Table 2.37B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 82.3 82.2 65.7 66.1 51.1 51.6
AGE            
12-17 39.4 38.3 31.8 30.8 15.9b 14.6
18-25 85.2 85.6 77.9 78.0 61.2 61.2
26 or Older 87.5 87.3 68.1 68.6 54.1 54.8
GENDER            
Male 85.5 85.7 69.5 70.1 56.6 57.7
Female 79.3 79.0 62.2 62.3 46.0 45.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 84.0 83.6 67.1 67.3 52.6 53.0
White 87.0 86.5 70.4 70.4 56.1 56.2
Black or African American 74.7 74.8 54.5 56.9 39.3 41.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 80.6 77.8 59.3 55.3 44.7 43.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 84.6 * 72.3 * * *
Asian 61.8 64.3 49.6 52.3 35.2 37.0
Two or More Races 81.8 82.2 64.3 60.7 47.5 47.5
Hispanic or Latino 72.0 73.8 57.2 58.6 42.1 43.2
90327
Table 2.38A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 9,949b 9,540 8,016a 7,668 4,021b 3,635
GENDER            
Male 5,114b 4,781 4,056b 3,762 2,045b 1,810
Female 4,836 4,759 3,960 3,906 1,975 1,825
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 8,125b 7,682 6,540b 6,203 3,312b 2,935
White 6,304b 5,839 5,243a 4,859 2,739b 2,397
Black or African American 1,307 1,302 926 963 390 382
American Indian or Alaska Native * 64 * 57 * 23
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 258 243 175 150 83 55
Two or More Races 162 198 116 153 52 68
Hispanic or Latino 1,824 1,858 1,476 1,465 709 700
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 3,256b 2,892 2,666b 2,380 1,407b 1,186
Female, White, Not Hispanic 3,048 2,948 2,577 2,479 1,332 1,211
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 656 659 456 454 186 184
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 651 643 469 509 204 198
Male, Hispanic 930 973 742 756 353 374
Female, Hispanic 894 884 735 709 356 326
90327
Table 2.38B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 39.4 38.3 31.8 30.8 15.9b 14.6
GENDER            
Male 39.7a 37.6 31.5a 29.6 15.9b 14.2
Female 39.2 39.1 32.1 32.1 16.0 15.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 39.5a 38.1 31.8 30.8 16.1b 14.6
White 41.9b 39.8 34.8a 33.1 18.2b 16.3
Black or African American 34.0 34.5 24.1 25.5 10.1 10.1
American Indian or Alaska Native * 46.6 * 41.7 * 17.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 25.3 25.2 17.2 15.5 8.1 5.7
Two or More Races 38.7 39.4 27.7 30.3 12.5 13.6
Hispanic or Latino 39.1 39.3 31.6 31.0 15.2 14.8
GENDER/RACE/HISPANIC ORIGIN            
Male, White, Not Hispanic 42.2b 38.4 34.6b 31.6 18.3b 15.8
Female, White, Not Hispanic 41.5 41.2 35.1 34.6 18.1 16.9
Male, Black, Not Hispanic 33.7 34.7 23.5 23.9 9.5 9.7
Female, Black, Not Hispanic 34.2 34.3 24.6 27.1 10.7 10.6
Male, Hispanic 39.0 40.3 31.1 31.3 14.8 15.5
Female, Hispanic 39.1 38.3 32.2 30.7 15.6 14.1
90327
Table 2.39A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 27,886 28,187 25,504 25,701 20,034 20,148
GENDER            
Male 14,137 14,195 13,119 13,048 10,757 10,660
Female 13,749a 13,992 12,385a 12,653 9,277 9,489
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 23,331 23,461 21,580 21,596 17,102 17,164
White 18,107 18,105 16,921 16,875 13,656 13,740
Black or African American 3,508 3,626 3,078 3,145 2,267 2,293
American Indian or Alaska Native 152 153 143 124 * 86
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1,064 1,123 970 1,038 725 724
Two or More Races 384 360 362 330 279 266
Hispanic or Latino 4,555a 4,727 3,923 4,105 2,932 2,984
EDUCATION            
< High School 4,787 4,567 4,080 3,868 2,882 2,757
High School Graduate 9,147a 9,662 8,211 8,623 6,145 6,391
Some College 9,858 9,631 9,295 9,054 7,549 7,306
College Graduate 4,094 4,327 3,917 4,156 3,458 3,695
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 13,692 13,481 12,720 12,484 10,301 10,196
Part-Time 7,148 7,218 6,617 6,659 5,148 5,119
Unemployed 2,143b 2,556 1,918b 2,315 1,448b 1,767
Other1 4,902 4,933 4,249 4,243 3,137 3,067
90327
Table 2.39B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 85.2 85.6 77.9 78.0 61.2 61.2
GENDER            
Male 85.8 85.7 79.6 78.8 65.3 64.3
Female 84.6 85.5 76.2 77.3 57.1 58.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 86.6 86.4 80.1 79.6 63.5 63.2
White 89.5 89.2 83.6 83.1 67.5 67.7
Black or African American 77.6 78.0 68.1 67.7 50.2 49.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 90.5 89.0 85.0a 71.9 * 49.9
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 73.5 75.2 67.1 69.5 50.1 48.5
Two or More Races 86.8 87.6 82.1 80.3 63.1 64.8
Hispanic or Latino 78.7a 81.6 67.8 70.8 50.7 51.5
EDUCATION            
< High School 77.0 77.6 65.6 65.7 46.4 46.8
High School Graduate 82.1 83.1 73.7 74.2 55.2 55.0
Some College 89.9 88.8 84.8 83.4 68.9 67.3
College Graduate 92.7a 94.5 88.7 90.7 78.3 80.7
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 89.3 90.0 83.0 83.3 67.2 68.1
Part-Time 84.9 84.4 78.6 77.9 61.1 59.8
Unemployed 82.0 83.6 73.4 75.7 55.4 57.8
Other1 77.0 77.7 66.8 66.9 49.3 48.3
90327
Table 2.40A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 166,141 167,676 129,356 131,702 102,705 105,191
GENDER            
Male 83,573b 84,911 66,409a 68,149 55,286a 57,519
Female 82,568 82,766 62,948 63,553 47,419 47,671
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 147,868 148,370 115,158 116,729 91,934 93,737
White 122,662 122,637 96,916 97,466 78,489 79,153
Black or African American 17,030 17,194 11,916 12,701 8,844 9,699
American Indian or Alaska Native 802 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 5,224 5,565 4,110 4,450 2,920 3,212
Two or More Races 1,694 1,918 1,281 1,348 969 1,097
Hispanic or Latino 18,273a 19,307 14,198 14,973 10,771 11,453
EDUCATION            
< High School 22,273 21,269 14,340 13,621 10,391 10,122
High School Graduate 49,369 50,593 36,108 38,106 27,953 29,207
Some College 42,547 42,497 33,747 34,508 26,271 27,118
College Graduate 51,952 53,318 45,162 45,468 38,090 38,744
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 97,309 98,075 80,973 82,028 65,949 66,813
Part-Time 18,201 18,983 14,837 15,234 11,489 12,201
Unemployed 3,932b 5,168 3,182b 4,197 2,594a 3,216
Other1 46,700 45,450 30,364 30,243 22,673 22,961
90327
Table 2.40B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 87.5 87.3 68.1 68.6 54.1 54.8
GENDER            
Male 91.9 92.3 73.1 74.1 60.8 62.5
Female 83.4 82.8 63.6 63.6 47.9 47.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 89.0 88.6 69.3 69.7 55.4 56.0
White 91.7 91.2 72.5 72.5 58.7 58.9
Black or African American 81.6 81.4 57.1 60.1 42.4 45.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 85.9 * * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 64.2 66.9 50.5 53.5 35.9 38.6
Two or More Races 90.3 91.4 68.3 64.2 51.7 52.3
Hispanic or Latino 76.8 78.7 59.7 61.0 45.3 46.7
EDUCATION            
< High School 73.9 72.9 47.6 46.7 34.5 34.7
High School Graduate 86.6 86.4 63.3 65.1 49.0 49.9
Some College 91.5 91.7 72.6 74.4 56.5 58.5
College Graduate 92.4 92.1 80.3 78.5 67.7 66.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 91.7 91.4 76.3 76.5 62.1 62.3
Part-Time 86.3 87.6 70.4 70.3 54.5 56.3
Unemployed 87.6 87.2 70.9 70.9 57.8 54.3
Other1 80.3 79.6 52.2 52.9 39.0 40.2
90327
Table 2.41A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 194,026 195,864 154,860 157,403 122,739 125,339
GENDER            
Male 97,710b 99,106 79,527a 81,198 66,043a 68,179
Female 96,316 96,758 75,333 76,206 56,697 57,160
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 171,199 171,830 136,738 138,325 109,036 110,901
White 140,769 140,741 113,837 114,341 92,145 92,893
Black or African American 20,538 20,820 14,995 15,846 11,111 11,992
American Indian or Alaska Native 954 780 692 542 527 445
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 6,288 6,688 5,080 5,489 3,645 3,936
Two or More Races 2,077 2,278 1,644 1,678 1,248 1,364
Hispanic or Latino 22,828b 24,034 18,122a 19,078 13,703 14,438
EDUCATION            
< High School 27,060 25,835 18,420 17,489 13,274 12,879
High School Graduate 58,515 60,255 44,319a 46,729 34,098 35,597
Some College 52,406 52,128 43,042 43,561 33,820 34,424
College Graduate 56,046 57,645 49,079 49,624 41,548 42,439
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 111,001 111,556 93,692 94,512 76,250 77,009
Part-Time 25,348 26,201 21,454 21,893 16,637 17,319
Unemployed 6,075b 7,724 5,100b 6,512 4,042b 4,983
Other1 51,602 50,383 34,613 34,486 25,810 26,028
90327
Table 2.41B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Lifetime
(2007)
Lifetime
(2008)
Past Year
(2007)
Past Year
(2008)
Past Month
(2007)
Past Month
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 The Other Employment category includes retired persons, disabled persons, homemakers, students, or other persons not in the labor force.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 87.2 87.1 69.6 70.0 55.1 55.7
GENDER            
Male 91.0 91.3 74.1 74.8 61.5 62.8
Female 83.6 83.1 65.4 65.5 49.2 49.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 88.7 88.3 70.8 71.1 56.5 57.0
White 91.4 91.0 73.9 73.9 59.8 60.0
Black or African American 80.9 80.8 59.1 61.5 43.8 46.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 86.6 82.3 62.8 57.2 47.8 47.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 65.6 68.2 53.0 55.9 38.0 40.1
Two or More Races 89.6 90.8 70.9 66.8 53.9 54.3
Hispanic or Latino 77.2 79.2 61.3 62.9 46.3 47.6
EDUCATION            
< High School 74.5 73.7 50.7 49.9 36.5 36.8
High School Graduate 85.9 85.9 65.0 66.6 50.0 50.7
Some College 91.2 91.1 74.9 76.1 58.9 60.2
College Graduate 92.4 92.2 80.9 79.4 68.5 67.9
CURRENT EMPLOYMENT            
Full-Time 91.4 91.3 77.1 77.3 62.8 63.0
Part-Time 85.9 86.7 72.7 72.4 56.4 57.3
Unemployed 85.5 86.0 71.8 72.5 56.9 55.5
Other1 80.0 79.4 53.6 54.3 40.0 41.0
90327
Table 2.42A – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Alcohol Use
(2007)
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 126,760 128,974 57,778 58,096 17,010 17,292
AGE            
12-17 4,021b 3,635 2,447b 2,189 591a 491
18-25 20,034 20,148 13,675 13,510 4,819 4,761
26 or Older 102,705 105,191 41,656 42,397 11,600 12,040
GENDER            
Male 68,088a 69,989 38,128 38,292 12,786 12,882
Female 58,672 58,986 19,651 19,805 4,225 4,410
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 112,348 113,836 49,768 49,124 15,139 15,287
White 94,884 95,290 41,653 40,675 13,256 13,049
Black or African American 11,501 12,374 5,589 6,030 1,213a 1,661
American Indian or Alaska Native 566 469 357 264 146a 62
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * 31
Asian 3,727 3,991 1,331 1,282 274 260
Two or More Races 1,301 1,432 634 663 200 223
Hispanic or Latino 14,412 15,138 8,010a 8,973 1,871 2,005
90327
Table 2.42B – Alcohol Use, Binge Alcohol Use, and Heavy Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2007 and 2008
Demographic Characteristic Alcohol Use
(2007)
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Binge
Alcohol Use
(2008)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2007)
Heavy
Alcohol Use
(2008)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
a Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2008 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008.
TOTAL 51.1 51.6 23.3 23.3 6.9 6.9
AGE            
12-17 15.9b 14.6 9.7b 8.8 2.3 2.0
18-25 61.2 61.2 41.8 41.0 14.7 14.5
26 or Older 54.1 54.8 21.9 22.1 6.1 6.3
GENDER            
Male 56.6 57.7 31.7 31.6 10.6 10.6
Female 46.0 45.9 15.4 15.4 3.3 3.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 52.6 53.0 23.3 22.9 7.1 7.1
White 56.1 56.2 24.6 24.0 7.8 7.7
Black or African American 39.3 41.9 19.1 20.4 4.1a 5.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 44.7 43.3 28.2 24.4 11.6 5.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * 3.5
Asian 35.2 37.0 12.6 11.9 2.6 2.4
Two or More Races 47.5 47.5 23.2 22.0 7.3 7.4
Hispanic or Latino 42.1 43.2 23.4 25.6 5.5 5.7

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