Go to the Table Of Contents
80418
Table 8.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255b 110,205b 110,057b 112,085 111,774 114,275
Marijuana and Hashish 94,946b 96,611b 96,772b 97,545a 97,825a 100,518
Cocaine 33,910a 34,891 34,153 33,673a 35,298 35,882
Crack 8,402 7,949 7,840 7,928 8,554 8,581
Heroin 3,668 3,744 3,145a 3,534 3,785 3,780
Hallucinogens 34,314 34,363 34,333 33,728 35,281 34,215
LSD 24,516a 24,424a 23,398 22,433 23,346 22,656
PCP 7,418b 7,107a 6,762 6,603 6,618 6,140
Ecstasy 10,150b 10,904b 11,130b 11,495 12,262 12,426
Inhalants 22,870 22,995 22,798 22,745 22,879 22,477
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 47,958a 49,001 49,157 49,571 50,965 50,415
Pain Relievers 29,611b 31,207a 31,768 32,692 33,472 33,060
OxyContin® 1,924b 2,832b 3,072b 3,481b 4,098 4,354
Tranquilizers 19,267 20,220 19,852 21,041 21,303 20,208
Stimulants3 23,496b 23,004a 22,297 20,983 22,468 21,654
Methamphetamine3 15,365b 15,139b 14,512b 12,663 14,206a 13,065
Sedatives 9,960b 9,510a 9,891b 8,982 8,822 8,396
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 70,300b 71,128a 70,657a 71,822 72,906 73,494
80418
Table 8.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0 46.4 45.8 46.1 45.4 46.1
Marijuana and Hashish 40.4 40.6 40.2 40.1 39.8 40.6
Cocaine 14.4 14.7 14.2 13.8 14.3 14.5
Crack 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
Hallucinogens 14.6a 14.5 14.3 13.9 14.3 13.8
LSD 10.4b 10.3b 9.7 9.2 9.5 9.1
PCP 3.2b 3.0b 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.5
Ecstasy 4.3b 4.6a 4.6a 4.7 5.0 5.0
Inhalants 9.7a 9.7a 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.4 20.6 20.4 20.4 20.7 20.3
Pain Relievers 12.6a 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.3
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.4b 1.7 1.8
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.2
Stimulants3 10.0b 9.7b 9.3 8.6 9.1 8.7
Methamphetamine3 6.5b 6.4b 6.0b 5.2 5.8a 5.3
Sedatives 4.2b 4.0b 4.1b 3.7 3.6 3.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9 29.9 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7
80418
Table 8.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132 34,993 34,807 35,041 35,775 35,692
Marijuana and Hashish 25,755 25,231 25,451 25,375 25,378 25,085
Cocaine 5,902 5,908 5,658 5,523 6,069 5,738
Crack 1,554 1,406 1,304 1,381 1,479 1,451
Heroin 404 314 398 379 560a 366
Hallucinogens 4,749b 3,936 3,878 3,809 3,956 3,762
LSD 999b 558 592 563 666 620
PCP 235b 219b 210a 164 187 137
Ecstasy 3,167b 2,119 1,915 1,960 2,130 2,132
Inhalants 2,084 2,075 2,255 2,187 2,218 2,080
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14,795b 15,163a 14,849b 15,346 16,482 16,280
Pain Relievers 10,992b 11,671 11,256b 11,815 12,649 12,466
OxyContin® -- -- 1,213 1,226 1,323 1,422
Tranquilizers 4,849 5,051 5,068 5,249 5,058 5,282
Stimulants3 3,380 3,031 3,254 3,088 3,791b 2,998
Methamphetamine3 1,755a 1,602 1,808b 1,603 1,889b 1,343
Sedatives 981 831 737 750 926 864
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423 20,305 19,658a 20,109 21,254 21,144
80418
Table 8.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.5 14.4
Marijuana and Hashish 11.0b 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.1
Cocaine 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.3
Crack 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Hallucinogens 2.0b 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5
LSD 0.4b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 1.3b 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Inhalants 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.7 6.6
Pain Relievers 4.7a 4.9 4.7a 4.9 5.1 5.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Stimulants3 1.4a 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5b 1.2
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7a 0.8b 0.7 0.8b 0.5
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.7 8.5 8.2 8.3 8.6 8.5
80418
Table 8.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522 19,470 19,071 19,720 20,357 19,857
Marijuana and Hashish 14,584 14,638 14,576 14,626 14,813 14,448
Cocaine 2,020 2,281 2,021 2,397 2,421 2,075
Crack 567 604 467 682 702 610
Heroin 166 119 166 136 338a 153
Hallucinogens 1,196 1,042 929 1,088 1,006 996
LSD 112 133 141 104 130 145
PCP 58 56 49 48 30 41
Ecstasy 676a 470 450 502 528 503
Inhalants 635 570 638 611 761 616
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,287 6,451 6,110a 6,491 7,095 6,895
Pain Relievers 4,377b 4,693 4,404b 4,658 5,220 5,174
OxyContin® -- -- 325 334 276 369
Tranquilizers 1,804 1,830 1,616 1,817 1,766 1,835
Stimulants3 1,303 1,310 1,312 1,188 1,385a 1,053
Methamphetamine3 683 726 706 628 731 529
Sedatives 436 294 265 272 385 346
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,777 8,849 8,247a 8,963 9,615 9,270
80418
Table 8.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8.3 8.2 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.0
Marijuana and Hashish 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.0 5.8
Cocaine 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8
Crack 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.8
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.1 2.1
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.6a 0.6a 0.5a 0.5 0.6a 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7 3.9 3.7
80418
Table 8.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,642b 7,631b 7,566b 7,022b 7,009b 6,621
Marijuana and Hashish 5,104b 4,888b 4,788b 4,402b 4,394a 4,084
Cocaine 670b 648a 611 582 570 542
Crack 163b 157a 125 108 128 106
Heroin 94a 80 78 60 60 54
Hallucinogens 1,419b 1,250b 1,160b 998 986 896
LSD 670b 397b 313b 288b 218 200
PCP 233b 204b 175b 182b 128 104
Ecstasy 820b 603b 523 399 474 446
Inhalants 2,605 2,670b 2,762b 2,658a 2,561 2,422
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,402b 3,372b 3,403b 3,019 3,171a 2,949
Pain Relievers 2,775b 2,798b 2,879b 2,517 2,647a 2,452
OxyContin® 224b 254b 305 276a 342 360
Tranquilizers 834 874a 816 766 740 748
Stimulants3 1,112b 1,046b 906b 870b 930b 732
Methamphetamine3 416b 382b 346b 319b 341b 222
Sedatives 238 249 251 232 224 214
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,286b 5,319b 5,355b 4,944a 4,949a 4,637
80418
Table 8.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 30.9b 30.5b 30.0b 27.7b 27.6a 26.2
Marijuana and Hashish 20.6b 19.6b 19.0b 17.4a 17.3a 16.2
Cocaine 2.7b 2.6a 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1
Crack 0.7b 0.6a 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4
Heroin 0.4a 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.7b 5.0b 4.6b 3.9 3.9 3.5
LSD 2.7b 1.6b 1.2b 1.1b 0.9 0.8
PCP 0.9b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4
Ecstasy 3.3b 2.4b 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.8
Inhalants 10.5a 10.7b 11.0b 10.5a 10.1 9.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.7b 13.5b 13.5b 11.9 12.5 11.7
Pain Relievers 11.2b 11.2b 11.4b 9.9 10.4 9.7
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.0b 1.2 1.1a 1.3 1.4
Tranquilizers 3.4 3.5a 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.0
Stimulants3 4.5b 4.2b 3.6b 3.4b 3.7b 2.9
Methamphetamine3 1.7b 1.5b 1.4b 1.3b 1.3b 0.9
Sedatives 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.4b 21.3b 21.2b 19.5a 19.5a 18.4
80418
Table 8.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,494b 5,455b 5,300b 5,041a 4,971 4,726
Marijuana and Hashish 3,905b 3,745b 3,656b 3,383a 3,348 3,147
Cocaine 508b 438 411 423 411 383
Crack 100a 95 63 54 73 65
Heroin 51a 36 48a 37 37 23
Hallucinogens 945b 778b 753a 665 650 627
LSD 314b 149 157 150 106 125
PCP 110b 89a 72 85 59 55
Ecstasy 547b 329 310 256a 306 329
Inhalants 1,078 1,119 1,168b 1,144a 1,110 994
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,285b 2,295b 2,228a 2,101 2,181 2,034
Pain Relievers 1,870a 1,917b 1,865a 1,741 1,818 1,681
OxyContin® -- -- 194 187 199 232
Tranquilizers 568 586 532 497 483 506
Stimulants3 665b 578b 507a 506a 547b 416
Methamphetamine3 245b 185b 177b 178a 185b 118
Sedatives 138 131 133 118 110 111
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3,338b 3,351b 3,269b 3,129a 3,146a 2,914
80418
Table 8.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.2b 21.8b 21.0b 19.9a 19.6 18.7
Marijuana and Hashish 15.8b 15.0b 14.5b 13.3a 13.2 12.5
Cocaine 2.1b 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5
Crack 0.4a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.2a 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.8b 3.1b 3.0a 2.6 2.6 2.5
LSD 1.3b 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5
PCP 0.4b 0.4a 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.2b 1.3 1.2 1.0a 1.2 1.3
Inhalants 4.4 4.5a 4.6b 4.5a 4.4 3.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.2b 9.2b 8.8a 8.3 8.6 8.1
Pain Relievers 7.6b 7.7b 7.4a 6.9 7.2 6.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.3 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0
Stimulants3 2.7b 2.3b 2.0a 2.0a 2.2b 1.6
Methamphetamine3 1.0b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7a 0.7b 0.5
Sedatives 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.5b 13.4b 13.0b 12.3 12.4a 11.5
80418
Table 8.6A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,878b 2,811b 2,674b 2,511 2,481 2,409
Marijuana and Hashish 2,023b 1,971b 1,909b 1,730 1,689 1,686
Cocaine 146 153a 126 142 110 104
Crack 26 32 16 25 12 16
Heroin 11 18a 15a 15a 16a 3
Hallucinogens 255b 260b 211 205 181 175
LSD 61a 51 38 32 31 30
PCP 23 20 11 17 12 9
Ecstasy 124b 91 77 74 82 65
Inhalants 301 320 312 313 340 295
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 986b 997b 914 838 844 829
Pain Relievers 794a 801a 751 686 690 669
OxyContin® -- -- 66 34 28 47
Tranquilizers 188 226 161 161 126a 182
Stimulants3 208b 222b 180a 172 171 127
Methamphetamine3 71a 70b 58 72a 53 34
Sedatives 47 47 26 27 45 34
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,421b 1,417b 1,328a 1,253 1,251 1,181
80418
Table 8.6B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6b 11.2b 10.6b 9.9 9.8 9.5
Marijuana and Hashish 8.2b 7.9b 7.6b 6.8 6.7 6.7
Cocaine 0.6a 0.6a 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0b 1.0b 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
LSD 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.0b 4.0b 3.6 3.3 3.3 3.3
Pain Relievers 3.2b 3.2b 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.5a 0.7
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7a 0.7 0.7 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3b 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.7b 5.7b 5.3a 4.9 4.9 4.7
80418
Table 8.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,562 19,195 19,043 19,222 19,311a 18,795
Marijuana and Hashish 16,680 17,103a 16,983 17,032 17,157a 16,620
Cocaine 4,786 4,755 4,893 4,905 5,130 4,917
Crack 1,182b 1,193b 1,135a 1,145a 1,176b 980
Heroin 487 516 529 496 511 493
Hallucinogens 7,517b 7,377b 6,855b 6,820b 6,614 6,287
LSD 4,928b 4,450b 3,900b 3,417b 2,925b 2,374
PCP 834b 948b 737b 716b 637 539
Ecstasy 4,674b 4,683b 4,439 4,464 4,382 4,191
Inhalants 4,867b 4,729b 4,516b 4,333b 4,089b 3,690
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,778b 9,360a 9,564 9,990 10,051 9,790
Pain Relievers 6,854b 7,513b 7,813 8,279 8,342 8,128
OxyContin® 820b 1,145b 1,376b 1,616 1,676 1,706
Tranquilizers 3,473b 3,898 3,919 4,356 4,274 4,147
Stimulants3 3,796 3,873a 3,892a 4,008b 3,922a 3,574
Methamphetamine3 2,301b 2,192b 2,247b 2,190b 2,102a 1,844
Sedatives 648 565 627 650 609 583
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 12,436 12,770 12,630 12,800 12,940 12,555
80418
Table 8.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 59.8b 60.5b 59.2a 59.2a 59.0a 57.4
Marijuana and Hashish 53.8b 53.9b 52.8b 52.4a 52.4a 50.8
Cocaine 15.4 15.0 15.2 15.1 15.7 15.0
Crack 3.8b 3.8b 3.5a 3.5a 3.6b 3.0
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5
Hallucinogens 24.2b 23.3b 21.3b 21.0b 20.2 19.2
LSD 15.9b 14.0b 12.1b 10.5b 8.9b 7.3
PCP 2.7b 3.0b 2.3b 2.2b 1.9 1.6
Ecstasy 15.1b 14.8b 13.8a 13.7 13.4 12.8
Inhalants 15.7b 14.9b 14.0b 13.3b 12.5b 11.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 28.3b 29.5 29.7 30.8 30.7 29.9
Pain Relievers 22.1b 23.7a 24.3 25.5 25.5 24.8
OxyContin® 2.6b 3.6b 4.3b 5.0 5.1 5.2
Tranquilizers 11.2b 12.3 12.2 13.4 13.1 12.7
Stimulants3 12.2b 12.2b 12.1b 12.3b 12.0a 10.9
Methamphetamine3 7.4b 6.9b 7.0b 6.7b 6.4a 5.6
Sedatives 2.1 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 40.1a 40.2b 39.2 39.4 39.5 38.4
80418
Table 8.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11,000 10,976 10,913 11,117 11,252 10,864
Marijuana and Hashish 9,238 9,044 8,963 9,111 9,169 8,985
Cocaine 2,087 2,098 2,134 2,247 2,259 2,084
Crack 266 275 263 328a 293 248
Heroin 122 96 118 159 147 142
Hallucinogens 2,610b 2,112 1,944 2,051 2,147 2,048
LSD 553b 336 317 322 379 375
PCP 95a 117b 100a 57 76 58
Ecstasy 1,784b 1,164 999a 998a 1,233 1,154
Inhalants 685b 662a 674b 685b 577 526
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4,452b 4,637 4,807 4,915 5,121 4,913
Pain Relievers 3,540b 3,803 3,834 4,030 4,070 3,970
OxyContin® -- -- 562 559 574 566
Tranquilizers 1,509a 1,682 1,658 1,796 1,785 1,699
Stimulants3 1,233 1,197 1,280 1,242 1,375b 1,134
Methamphetamine3 619b 594b 619b 576b 552b 404
Sedatives 162 156 163 191 185 172
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,277 6,266 6,201 6,467 6,627 6,370
80418
Table 8.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35.5b 34.6a 33.9 34.2 34.4 33.2
Marijuana and Hashish 29.8b 28.5 27.8 28.0 28.0 27.5
Cocaine 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.9 6.4
Crack 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0a 0.9 0.8
Heroin 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Hallucinogens 8.4b 6.7 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.3
LSD 1.8b 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.1
PCP 0.3a 0.4b 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 5.8b 3.7 3.1 3.1 3.8 3.5
Inhalants 2.2b 2.1b 2.1b 2.1b 1.8 1.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.1 15.6 15.0
Pain Relievers 11.4 12.0 11.9 12.4 12.4 12.1
OxyContin® -- -- 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7
Tranquilizers 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.5 5.5 5.2
Stimulants3 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 4.2b 3.5
Methamphetamine3 2.0b 1.9b 1.9b 1.8b 1.7b 1.2
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.2 19.7 19.3 19.9 20.2 19.5
80418
Table 8.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,264 6,435 6,239 6,543 6,482 6,464
Marijuana and Hashish 5,376 5,400 5,196 5,388 5,322 5,378
Cocaine 631 696a 692a 832b 729b 573
Crack 52 55 80 104a 72 56
Heroin 39 25 43 59 54 48
Hallucinogens 589a 545 477 503 563 475
LSD 36a 67 83 60 58 70
PCP 15 30 17 11 14 15
Ecstasy 355b 230 231 267 326a 229
Inhalants 150 134 144 146 129 130
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,698b 1,922 1,978 2,046 2,115 1,949
Pain Relievers 1,262b 1,486 1,504 1,535 1,620 1,517
OxyContin® -- -- 142 146 139 155
Tranquilizers 487 525 566 606 647 571
Stimulants3 409 412 479b 468a 456a 352
Methamphetamine3 183a 197b 220b 225b 183a 116
Sedatives 49 58 49 74 54 72
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,459 2,665 2,619 2,850 2,904a 2,643
80418
Table 8.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2 20.3 19.4 20.1 19.8 19.7
Marijuana and Hashish 17.3 17.0 16.1 16.6 16.3 16.4
Cocaine 2.0 2.2a 2.1a 2.6b 2.2b 1.7
Crack 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.9b 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5
LSD 0.1a 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1b 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0a 0.7
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.5 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.0
Pain Relievers 4.1a 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.7
Stimulants3 1.3 1.3 1.5b 1.4a 1.4a 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6a 0.4
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.9 8.4 8.1 8.8 8.9a 8.1
80418
Table 8.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 82,051b 83,380b 83,448b 85,841a 85,454b 88,858
Marijuana and Hashish 73,162b 74,620b 75,001b 76,111b 76,275b 79,815
Cocaine 28,453a 29,488 28,649a 28,185b 29,598 30,423
Crack 7,057 6,599a 6,580a 6,675 7,250 7,495
Heroin 3,087 3,148 2,538a 2,979 3,214 3,233
Hallucinogens 25,378a 25,736 26,318 25,910 27,682 27,032
LSD 18,917 19,577 19,185 18,728 20,202 20,083
PCP 6,352a 5,955 5,851 5,705 5,853 5,497
Ecstasy 4,656b 5,619b 6,168b 6,632b 7,406 7,788
Inhalants 15,398 15,596 15,521 15,754 16,229 16,365
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 35,779 36,269 36,190 36,562 37,743 37,676
Pain Relievers 19,983b 20,896a 21,076 21,896 22,484 22,481
OxyContin® 881b 1,433b 1,392b 1,589b 2,080 2,289
Tranquilizers 14,959 15,447 15,117 15,919 16,289 15,313
Stimulants3 18,588 18,085 17,499 16,105 17,616 17,348
Methamphetamine3 12,648b 12,565b 11,920 10,154 11,762 10,999
Sedatives 9,075b 8,696a 9,012b 8,101 7,989 7,599
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52,578b 53,040b 52,672b 54,078a 55,018 56,302
80418
Table 8.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 45.7 46.1 45.6 46.3 45.5 46.8
Marijuana and Hashish 40.8 41.2 41.0 41.1 40.6a 42.0
Cocaine 15.9 16.3 15.6 15.2 15.8 16.0
Crack 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9 3.9
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4a 1.6 1.7 1.7
Hallucinogens 14.1 14.2 14.4 14.0 14.7 14.2
LSD 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1 10.8 10.6
PCP 3.5b 3.3 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9
Ecstasy 2.6b 3.1b 3.4b 3.6a 3.9 4.1
Inhalants 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.5 8.6 8.6
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 20.1 19.8
Pain Relievers 11.1 11.5 11.5 11.8 12.0 11.8
OxyContin® 0.5b 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 1.1 1.2
Tranquilizers 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.1
Stimulants3 10.4b 10.0a 9.6 8.7 9.4 9.1
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.5a 5.5 6.3 5.8
Sedatives 5.1b 4.8b 4.9b 4.4 4.3 4.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.3 29.3 28.8 29.2 29.3 29.7
80418
Table 8.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,639a 18,562a 18,594a 18,883 19,552 20,102
Marijuana and Hashish 12,612 12,441 12,833 12,880 12,860 12,953
Cocaine 3,307 3,372 3,114 2,852 3,399 3,271
Crack 1,188 1,036 978 1,000 1,113 1,137
Heroin 231 182 232 184 376 200
Hallucinogens 1,194 1,046 1,182 1,093 1,160 1,088
LSD 131 73 117 91 181 120
PCP 31 13 38 22 52 25
Ecstasy 836 626 606 705 591 650
Inhalants 320a 295a 413 358 531 560
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,057b 8,231a 7,814b 8,331a 9,180 9,334
Pain Relievers 5,582b 5,950a 5,556b 6,044 6,761 6,815
OxyContin® -- -- 457 480 549 624
Tranquilizers 2,772 2,783 2,878 2,956 2,791 3,077
Stimulants3 1,482 1,256 1,467 1,340 1,868a 1,448
Methamphetamine3 891 823 1,012 849 1,151a 822
Sedatives 681 544 441 441 632 580
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 10,808 10,689a 10,189b 10,513a 11,481 11,860
80418
Table 8.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.6
Marijuana and Hashish 7.0 6.9 7.0 6.9 6.8 6.8
Cocaine 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.7
Crack 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
LSD 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.2a 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.5 4.5 4.3b 4.5 4.9 4.9
Pain Relievers 3.1a 3.3 3.0b 3.3 3.6 3.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Tranquilizers 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Stimulants3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0a 0.8
Methamphetamine3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.4
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.0 5.9 5.6a 5.7a 6.1 6.2
80418
Table 8.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,380 10,224 10,159 10,666 11,394 10,984
Marijuana and Hashish 7,185 7,267 7,471 7,508 7,801 7,384
Cocaine 1,243 1,431 1,204 1,423 1,582 1,399
Crack 488 517 370 553 618 537
Heroin 116 76 108 62 268a 102
Hallucinogens 352 238 241 380 262 346
LSD 15 15 20 12 41 45
PCP 20 * 21 20 * 17
Ecstasy 197 149 142 161 120 209
Inhalants 183 117 181 152 291 191
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,602 3,532 3,218b 3,607 4,136 4,117
Pain Relievers 2,321a 2,406a 2,149b 2,437a 2,909 2,987
OxyContin® -- -- 118 153 109 167
Tranquilizers 1,129 1,078 889 1,050 993 1,081
Stimulants3 685 676 653 548 757 573
Methamphetamine3 428 459 428 331 495 380
Sedatives 340 189 190 171 285 240
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,897 4,767 4,301b 4,860 5,460 5,446
80418
Table 8.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.8 6.1 5.8
Marijuana and Hashish 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.9
Cocaine 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1a 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PCP 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Ecstasy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.0 2.0 1.8a 1.9 2.2 2.2
Pain Relievers 1.3a 1.3 1.2b 1.3 1.5 1.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Stimulants3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2.7 2.6 2.3b 2.6 2.9 2.9
80418
Table 8.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 100,612b 102,574b 102,491b 105,063 104,765a 107,654
Marijuana and Hashish 89,842b 91,723b 91,984b 93,143a 93,431a 96,435
Cocaine 33,239a 34,243 33,542a 33,090b 34,728 35,340
Crack 8,239 7,792 7,715 7,820 8,426 8,475
Heroin 3,574 3,664 3,067a 3,475 3,725 3,726
Hallucinogens 32,895 33,113 33,173 32,730 34,296 33,319
LSD 23,845 24,027a 23,085 22,145 23,128 22,457
PCP 7,185b 6,903a 6,587 6,421 6,490 6,035
Ecstasy 9,330b 10,301b 10,607b 11,096 11,788 11,979
Inhalants 20,265 20,325 20,036 20,087 20,318 20,055
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 44,556b 45,629 45,754 46,552 47,794 47,467
Pain Relievers 26,836b 28,409b 28,890a 30,175 30,825 30,608
OxyContin® 1,700b 2,579b 2,767b 3,205b 3,756 3,995
Tranquilizers 18,433 19,346 19,036 20,275 20,563 19,460
Stimulants3 22,384a 21,958 21,391 20,113 21,538 20,922
Methamphetamine3 14,949b 14,756b 14,166a 12,344 13,865 12,843
Sedatives 9,723b 9,261a 9,640b 8,751 8,598 8,183
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 65,014b 65,809b 65,302b 66,879 67,957 68,857
80418
Table 8.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 47.8 48.2 47.6 48.2 47.5 48.4
Marijuana and Hashish 42.7 43.1 42.7 42.8 42.3 43.3
Cocaine 15.8 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.7 15.9
Crack 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.7
Hallucinogens 15.6 15.6 15.4 15.0 15.5 15.0
LSD 11.3b 11.3b 10.7 10.2 10.5 10.1
PCP 3.4b 3.2b 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.7
Ecstasy 4.4b 4.8b 4.9a 5.1 5.3 5.4
Inhalants 9.6a 9.6 9.3 9.2 9.2 9.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 21.2 21.5 21.3 21.4 21.7 21.3
Pain Relievers 12.8b 13.4 13.4 13.9 14.0 13.8
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.5b 1.7 1.8
Tranquilizers 8.8 9.1 8.8 9.3 9.3a 8.7
Stimulants3 10.6b 10.3b 9.9 9.2 9.8 9.4
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.6b 5.7 6.3a 5.8
Sedatives 4.6b 4.4b 4.5b 4.0 3.9 3.7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 30.9 30.9 30.3 30.7 30.8 30.9
80418
Table 8.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29,638 29,538 29,506 29,999 30,804 30,966
Marijuana and Hashish 21,850 21,486 21,796 21,991 22,030 21,938
Cocaine 5,394 5,470 5,247 5,099 5,658 5,355
Crack 1,454 1,310 1,241 1,327 1,406 1,386
Heroin 353 278 350 343 523 342
Hallucinogens 3,804b 3,158 3,125 3,144 3,307 3,135
LSD 684a 409 434 413 560 495
PCP 126 130 138 79 128 82
Ecstasy 2,621b 1,790 1,605 1,703 1,824 1,804
Inhalants 1,005 956 1,087 1,043 1,108 1,086
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 12,509b 12,868b 12,621b 13,246a 14,301 14,246
Pain Relievers 9,122b 9,753a 9,391b 10,074 10,832 10,785
OxyContin® -- -- 1,019 1,039 1,124 1,190
Tranquilizers 4,281 4,465 4,536 4,752 4,575 4,776
Stimulants3 2,716 2,453 2,747 2,581 3,243b 2,582
Methamphetamine3 1,510 1,417 1,631a 1,425 1,704b 1,226
Sedatives 843 700 604 632 817 752
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 17,086 16,954a 16,389b 16,980a 18,108 18,230
80418
Table 8.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.1 13.9 13.7 13.8 14.0 13.9
Marijuana and Hashish 10.4 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.0 9.9
Cocaine 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.4
Crack 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.8b 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4
LSD 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.1a 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.0
Ecstasy 1.2b 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.9 6.1 5.9a 6.1 6.5 6.4
Pain Relievers 4.3a 4.6 4.4a 4.6 4.9 4.8
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1
Stimulants3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5b 1.2
Methamphetamine3 0.7a 0.7 0.8b 0.7 0.8b 0.6
Sedatives 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.1 8.0 7.6a 7.8 8.2 8.2
80418
Table 8.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,644 16,659 16,397 17,209 17,876 17,448
Marijuana and Hashish 12,561 12,667 12,667 12,896 13,124 12,762
Cocaine 1,874 2,128 1,895 2,255 2,311 1,972
Crack 541 572 451 657 689 594
Heroin 155 101 151 121 322a 150
Hallucinogens 941 783 719 883 825 821
LSD 51 82 103 72 99 115
PCP 35 35 37 31 18 32
Ecstasy 553 379 373 428 446 438
Inhalants 334 250 325 298 421 321
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5,300a 5,453 5,196b 5,653 6,251 6,066
Pain Relievers 3,583b 3,892a 3,653b 3,972 4,530 4,505
OxyContin® -- -- 260 299 248 322
Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 1,455 1,657 1,640 1,652
Stimulants3 1,094 1,088 1,132 1,016 1,214a 926
Methamphetamine3 612 655 648 556 677 496
Sedatives 389 247 239 245 340 312
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7,356 7,432 6,920b 7,710 8,364 8,089
80418
Table 8.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7.9 7.8 7.6 7.9 8.1 7.8
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.7
Cocaine 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Crack 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.5 2.6 2.4a 2.6 2.8 2.7
Pain Relievers 1.7a 1.8 1.7b 1.8 2.1 2.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7
Stimulants3 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6a 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.5 3.5 3.2a 3.5 3.8 3.6
80418
Table 8.16A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,035b 3,968b 3,956b 3,679 3,653 3,489
Marijuana and Hashish 2,714b 2,569b 2,552b 2,348 2,310 2,226
Cocaine 337a 319 339a 283 256 257
Crack 61 89b 60 48 51 43
Heroin 34 34 43 32 25 28
Hallucinogens 740b 618b 616b 518 510 477
LSD 364b 206b 174b 177b 124 109
PCP 106b 100b 97b 97b 53 52
Ecstasy 376b 257 243 181 201 215
Inhalants 1,426b 1,390a 1,429b 1,360a 1,301 1,220
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,643b 1,639b 1,616a 1,444 1,557 1,436
Pain Relievers 1,362a 1,391b 1,378b 1,211 1,312 1,195
OxyContin® 112b 146 162 136 158 172
Tranquilizers 385 398a 353 342 315 323
Stimulants3 469b 472b 387a 364 398b 301
Methamphetamine3 150b 160b 140b 133b 126a 81
Sedatives 84 126 128 110 97 89
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,726b 2,711b 2,721b 2,488 2,522 2,369
80418
Table 8.16B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 31.9b 31.1b 30.7b 28.4 28.2 27.1
Marijuana and Hashish 21.5b 20.1b 19.8b 18.1 17.8 17.3
Cocaine 2.7a 2.5 2.6a 2.2 2.0 2.0
Crack 0.5 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.8b 4.8b 4.8b 4.0 3.9 3.7
LSD 2.9b 1.6b 1.4b 1.4b 1.0 0.8
PCP 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 0.7a 0.4 0.4
Ecstasy 3.0b 2.0 1.9 1.4 1.5 1.7
Inhalants 11.3b 10.9b 11.1b 10.5a 10.0 9.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.0b 12.8b 12.6a 11.1 12.0 11.1
Pain Relievers 10.8b 10.9b 10.7b 9.4 10.1 9.3
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.3
Tranquilizers 3.0 3.1a 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5
Stimulants3 3.7b 3.7b 3.0a 2.8 3.1a 2.3
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 1.3b 1.1b 1.0a 1.0a 0.6
Sedatives 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.6b 21.2b 21.1b 19.2 19.4 18.4
80418
Table 8.17A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,607b 3,663b 3,610b 3,342a 3,357a 3,132
Marijuana and Hashish 2,391b 2,318b 2,236b 2,055a 2,084b 1,858
Cocaine 333 330 272 300 314 285
Crack 102a 68 66 60 77 64
Heroin 60a 45 35 28 35 26
Hallucinogens 680b 632b 543b 480 476 419
LSD 306b 191b 139a 111 94 90
PCP 127b 104b 77 85a 75 52
Ecstasy 444b 346b 280 218 273 232
Inhalants 1,179 1,281 1,333 1,298 1,261 1,202
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,759b 1,733b 1,787b 1,575 1,613 1,513
Pain Relievers 1,412a 1,407a 1,500b 1,305 1,335 1,256
OxyContin® 112b 108b 143 140a 184 188
Tranquilizers 450 476 464 424 426 425
Stimulants3 643b 574b 519a 506 532a 431
Methamphetamine3 266b 222b 206a 185 216b 142
Sedatives 154 123 123 122 126 125
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,559b 2,607b 2,634b 2,456a 2,427 2,269
80418
Table 8.17B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29.8b 30.0b 29.3b 26.9a 27.0a 25.4
Marijuana and Hashish 19.7b 19.0b 18.1b 16.6a 16.8b 15.0
Cocaine 2.8 2.7 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3
Crack 0.8a 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Heroin 0.5a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 5.6b 5.2b 4.4b 3.9 3.8 3.4
LSD 2.5b 1.6b 1.1a 0.9 0.8 0.7
PCP 1.0b 0.8b 0.6 0.7a 0.6 0.4
Ecstasy 3.7b 2.8b 2.3 1.8 2.2 1.9
Inhalants 9.7 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1 9.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.5b 14.2b 14.5b 12.7 13.0 12.3
Pain Relievers 11.7b 11.5a 12.2b 10.5 10.7 10.2
OxyContin® 0.9b 0.9b 1.2 1.1a 1.5 1.5
Tranquilizers 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4
Stimulants3 5.3b 4.7b 4.2a 4.1 4.3a 3.5
Methamphetamine3 2.2b 1.8b 1.7a 1.5 1.7b 1.1
Sedatives 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.1b 21.3b 21.4b 19.8a 19.5 18.4
80418
Table 8.18A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,842b 2,776b 2,653 2,557 2,525 2,499
Marijuana and Hashish 2,064b 1,955b 1,918a 1,796 1,744 1,748
Cocaine 263b 222 223 208 178 174
Crack 36 47a 31 23 32 25
Heroin 20 17 32 17 14 16
Hallucinogens 501b 386 389 352 318 339
LSD 183b 73 94 92 51 76
PCP 46 44 39 44 26 32
Ecstasy 262b 142 141 125 129 165
Inhalants 586 554 587 538 521 500
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,091a 1,090 974 962 1,052 970
Pain Relievers 913 930a 837 818 882 816
OxyContin® -- -- 99 101 95 107
Tranquilizers 249 258 226 229 195 215
Stimulants3 294b 253b 210 194 224 173
Methamphetamine3 97b 82b 69a 78a 74a 39
Sedatives 45 67 59 51 56 42
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,683b 1,637a 1,537 1,479 1,540 1,444
80418
Table 8.18B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.5b 21.7b 20.6 19.7 19.5 19.4
Marijuana and Hashish 16.3b 15.3b 14.9a 13.9 13.4 13.6
Cocaine 2.1b 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3
Crack 0.3 0.4a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 4.0b 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.6
LSD 1.5b 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.6
PCP 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.1b 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.3
Inhalants 4.6a 4.3 4.6 4.2 4.0 3.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8.6a 8.5a 7.6 7.4 8.1 7.5
Pain Relievers 7.2a 7.3a 6.5 6.3 6.8 6.3
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7
Stimulants3 2.3b 2.0b 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.3
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.6b 0.5a 0.6a 0.6a 0.3
Sedatives 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.3b 12.8b 11.9 11.4 11.9 11.2
80418
Table 8.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,652b 2,679b 2,648b 2,484b 2,447b 2,228
Marijuana and Hashish 1,841b 1,790b 1,738b 1,587b 1,604b 1,399
Cocaine 245 216 188 215 233 209
Crack 64 48 32 31 41 40
Heroin 31a 19 16 20 23a 8
Hallucinogens 444b 392b 364a 313 332 288
LSD 131b 76 63 59 55 50
PCP 64b 44a 33 41 33 23
Ecstasy 285b 188 169 131 177 163
Inhalants 492 565 581 606a 590a 494
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,194a 1,205a 1,254b 1,139 1,129 1,064
Pain Relievers 957 987a 1,028b 922 936 864
OxyContin® -- -- 95 87a 104 125
Tranquilizers 319 328 307 268 288 291
Stimulants3 371b 325b 297 312a 324a 242
Methamphetamine3 148b 103 108 100 111 79
Sedatives 93 64 75 67 53 69
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,655b 1,714b 1,732b 1,650a 1,605a 1,470
80418
Table 8.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 21.9b 21.9b 21.5b 20.0b 19.7a 18.0
Marijuana and Hashish 15.2b 14.6b 14.1b 12.8b 12.9b 11.3
Cocaine 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.9 1.7
Crack 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2a 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.7b 3.2b 3.0a 2.5 2.7 2.3
LSD 1.1b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
PCP 0.5b 0.4a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Ecstasy 2.4b 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.4 1.3
Inhalants 4.1 4.6 4.7a 4.9a 4.7a 4.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.9a 9.9a 10.2b 9.2 9.1 8.6
Pain Relievers 7.9 8.1a 8.3b 7.4 7.5 7.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7a 0.8 1.0
Tranquilizers 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4
Stimulants3 3.1b 2.7b 2.4 2.5a 2.6a 2.0
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.6
Sedatives 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.7b 14.0b 14.0b 13.3a 12.9 11.9
80418
Table 8.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,560b 1,457a 1,360 1,313 1,272 1,291
Marijuana and Hashish 1,152b 1,093a 1,037 967 888 968
Cocaine 77 70 75 79a 48 48
Crack 10 22a 9 14 5 4
Heroin 6 8 11 11 3 3
Hallucinogens 130 138 120 98 86 102
LSD 37 27 23 24 10 24
PCP 11 14 7 8 6 9
Ecstasy 58 37 45 32 38 34
Inhalants 159 139 141 160 156 158
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 460 478a 413 400 403 391
Pain Relievers 376 385 337 325 330 324
OxyContin® -- -- 29 17 18 25
Tranquilizers 70 111 76 84 46a 84
Stimulants3 106b 107b 89b 79 80a 48
Methamphetamine3 40a 32a 24 39b 24 10
Sedatives 6 27 4 9 21 15
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 705a 682a 626 616 603 582
80418
Table 8.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.3b 11.4a 10.6 10.1 9.8 10.0
Marijuana and Hashish 9.1b 8.6a 8.1 7.5 6.8 7.5
Cocaine 0.6a 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.4
Crack 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Ecstasy 0.5a 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3.6 3.7a 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0
Pain Relievers 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.4a 0.6
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.8b 0.7b 0.6 0.6a 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3b 0.2 0.1
Sedatives 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.6b 5.3a 4.9 4.8 4.6 4.5
80418
Table 8.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,318b 1,355b 1,314b 1,198 1,210 1,118
Marijuana and Hashish 871b 878b 872b 763 801 718
Cocaine 68 83 51 63 61 56
Crack 16 10 6 12 7 12
Heroin 5 10 4 4 13 *
Hallucinogens 126b 122b 91 107a 95 73
LSD 23 23a 15 8 21a 6
PCP 11 6 4 9 6 *
Ecstasy 66a 54 32 41 44 31
Inhalants 143 181 171 153 185 136
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 527a 519 501 439 441 438
Pain Relievers 418 416 414 361 360 345
OxyContin® -- -- 37 17 10 22
Tranquilizers 117 115 86 76 80 98
Stimulants3 102 115a 91 93 90 80
Methamphetamine3 31 38 34 32 29 24
Sedatives 41a 20 22 18 24 19
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 715a 735b 702a 637 648 599
80418
Table 8.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in prior NSDUH reports. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with the 2006 and 2007 estimates. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.9b 11.1b 10.6b 9.7 9.7 9.1
Marijuana and Hashish 7.2b 7.2b 7.1b 6.2 6.4 5.8
Cocaine 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 *
Hallucinogens 1.0b 1.0b 0.7 0.9a 0.8 0.6
LSD 0.2 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.2a 0.0
PCP 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.5a 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Inhalants 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.5 1.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.4a 4.2a 4.1 3.5 3.6 3.5
Pain Relievers 3.5a 3.4a 3.4 2.9 2.9 2.8
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1a 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8
Stimulants3 0.8 0.9a 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.9b 6.0b 5.7a 5.1 5.2 4.8
80414
Table 8.22A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 71,499 70,757 70,257 71,519 72,873 70,939
Cigarettes 61,136 60,434 59,896 60,532 61,565 60,069
Smokeless Tobacco 7,787 7,725 7,154a 7,682 8,231 8,051
Cigars 12,751 12,837 13,727 13,640 13,708 13,263
Pipe Tobacco 1,816 1,619a 1,835 2,190 2,321 2,046
ALCOHOL 119,820b 118,965b 120,934b 126,028 125,309 126,760
Binge Alcohol Use2 53,787b 53,770b 54,725b 55,090b 56,575 57,778
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,860a 16,144 16,689 16,035 16,946 17,010
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 41,991 41,288 41,569 42,175 43,389 42,369
Cigarettes 32,636 32,263 32,278 32,312 33,220 32,607
Smokeless Tobacco 7,242 7,096 6,730a 7,174 7,843 7,589
Cigars 10,669 10,372 11,375 11,355 11,092 10,940
Pipe Tobacco 1,487 1,400 1,579 1,877 2,023 1,797
ALCOHOL 65,210b 65,927a 66,317 68,497 68,025 68,088
Binge Alcohol Use2 35,456b 35,565b 36,195a 36,025b 37,298 38,128
Heavy Alcohol Use2 12,216 11,958 12,388 12,172 12,775 12,786
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29,509 29,469 28,688 29,344 29,484 28,570
Cigarettes 28,500 28,171 27,618 28,220 28,345 27,462
Smokeless Tobacco 545 628 424 508 388 461
Cigars 2,082 2,465 2,352 2,285 2,616 2,323
Pipe Tobacco 330 219 256 313 298 249
ALCOHOL 54,610b 53,038b 54,616b 57,531 57,283 58,672
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,331a 18,205b 18,530a 19,065 19,276 19,651
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,645a 4,186 4,301 3,863 4,172 4,225
80414
Table 8.22B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4b 29.8a 29.2 29.4 29.6a 28.6
Cigarettes 26.0b 25.4a 24.9 24.9 25.0 24.2
Smokeless Tobacco 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.2
Cigars 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 51.0 50.1 50.3 51.8 50.9 51.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9 22.6 22.8 22.7 23.0 23.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.6 6.9 6.9
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0a 35.9 35.7 35.8 36.4 35.2
Cigarettes 28.7a 28.1 27.7 27.4 27.8 27.1
Smokeless Tobacco 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.3
Cigars 9.4 9.0 9.8 9.6 9.3 9.1
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5
ALCOHOL 57.4 57.3 56.9 58.1 57.0 56.6
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2 30.9 31.1 30.5 31.2 31.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.7 10.6
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3b 24.0b 23.1 23.4 23.3 22.4
Cigarettes 23.4b 23.0b 22.3 22.5 22.4 21.5
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Cigars 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.8
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL 44.9 43.2b 44.0b 45.9 45.2 46.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1 14.8 14.9 15.2 15.2 15.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3
80414
Table 8.23A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 3,767b 3,610b 3,635b 3,324 3,275 3,128
Cigarettes 3,209b 3,044b 2,998b 2,733a 2,634 2,482
Smokeless Tobacco 487b 511a 571 523a 601 617
Cigars 1,117 1,115 1,201a 1,064 1,047 1,070
Pipe Tobacco 137 160 178 158 168 182
ALCOHOL 4,365b 4,425b 4,436b 4,191 4,222 4,021
Binge Alcohol Use2 2,641a 2,658a 2,794b 2,513 2,614 2,447
Heavy Alcohol Use2 630 652 671 611 603 591
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 2,019a 1,988a 1,972 1,843 1,810 1,816
Cigarettes 1,556b 1,514b 1,453a 1,387 1,302 1,285
Smokeless Tobacco 436b 479a 521 476a 546 566
Cigars 790 789 852 748 716 778
Pipe Tobacco 89 121 110 109 113 117
ALCOHOL 2,200 2,185 2,216a 2,057 2,111 2,045
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,441 1,421 1,496 1,341 1,388 1,366
Heavy Alcohol Use2 395 374 407 383 368 366
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 1,748b 1,622b 1,663b 1,481a 1,464a 1,312
Cigarettes 1,653b 1,530b 1,545b 1,345a 1,332a 1,197
Smokeless Tobacco 51 32 50 47 55 51
Cigars 327 326 349 316 331 293
Pipe Tobacco 49 40 68 49 54 65
ALCOHOL 2,165a 2,241b 2,220b 2,134 2,110 1,975
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,200 1,237a 1,298b 1,172 1,225a 1,082
Heavy Alcohol Use2 235 278 264 229 235 225
80414
Table 8.23B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2b 14.4b 14.4b 13.1 12.9 12.4
Cigarettes 13.0b 12.2b 11.9b 10.8a 10.4 9.8
Smokeless Tobacco 2.0b 2.0a 2.3 2.1a 2.4 2.4
Cigars 4.5 4.5 4.8a 4.2 4.1 4.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 17.6b 17.7b 17.6b 16.5 16.6 15.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7a 10.6a 11.1b 9.9 10.3 9.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0b 15.6a 15.3a 14.2 14.0 14.1
Cigarettes 12.3b 11.9b 11.3a 10.7 10.0 10.0
Smokeless Tobacco 3.4b 3.7 4.0 3.7a 4.2 4.4
Cigars 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.8 5.5 6.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9
ALCOHOL 17.4a 17.1 17.2a 15.9 16.3 15.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4 11.1 11.6 10.4 10.7 10.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.8
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4b 13.3b 13.5b 11.9a 11.8a 10.6
Cigarettes 13.6b 12.5b 12.5b 10.8a 10.7a 9.7
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cigars 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5
ALCOHOL 17.9b 18.3b 18.0b 17.2 17.0 16.0
Binge Alcohol Use2 9.9a 10.1b 10.5b 9.4 9.9a 8.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.9 2.3 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.8
80414
Table 8.24A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14,049 14,201a 14,359b 14,382b 14,384b 13,694
Cigarettes 12,650b 12,764b 12,731b 12,667b 12,582b 11,835
Smokeless Tobacco 1,502a 1,486b 1,589 1,664 1,706 1,721
Cigars 3,417b 3,623a 4,103 3,895 3,972 3,873
Pipe Tobacco 332 292a 396 471 431 394
ALCOHOL 18,759b 19,466a 19,474a 19,783 20,282 20,034
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,699b 13,188a 13,271 13,597 13,814 13,675
Heavy Alcohol Use2 4,625 4,788 4,848 4,967 5,093 4,819
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 8,097 8,226 8,368 8,425 8,409 8,238
Cigarettes 6,897 7,040a 7,041a 7,007a 6,909 6,673
Smokeless Tobacco 1,455a 1,418b 1,532 1,588 1,635 1,636
Cigars 2,605b 2,758b 3,179 2,997 3,078 3,041
Pipe Tobacco 262 228a 335 372 355 313
ALCOHOL 10,129b 10,652 10,501 10,830 10,869 10,757
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,787b 8,163 8,101 8,442 8,284 8,204
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,282 3,372 3,434 3,545a 3,461 3,278
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 5,952b 5,975b 5,990b 5,957b 5,974b 5,456
Cigarettes 5,753b 5,724b 5,690b 5,660b 5,673b 5,161
Smokeless Tobacco 47a 67 56 75 71 85
Cigars 813 865 924 898 894 832
Pipe Tobacco 69 65 61 100 76 81
ALCOHOL 8,630b 8,814b 8,974a 8,953a 9,413 9,277
Binge Alcohol Use2 4,911b 5,025b 5,170a 5,155a 5,531 5,471
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1,343a 1,417 1,414 1,422 1,632 1,541
80414
Table 8.24B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3b 44.8b 44.6b 44.3b 43.9b 41.8
Cigarettes 40.8b 40.2b 39.5b 39.0b 38.4b 36.2
Smokeless Tobacco 4.8 4.7a 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.3
Cigars 11.0a 11.4 12.7a 12.0 12.1 11.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.1 0.9a 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.2
ALCOHOL 60.5 61.4 60.5 60.9 61.9 61.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9 41.6 41.2 41.9 42.2 41.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9 15.1 15.1 15.3 15.6 14.7
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1a 51.7 51.7 51.6 51.0 50.0
Cigarettes 44.4b 44.2b 43.5b 42.9a 41.9 40.5
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4 8.9a 9.5 9.7 9.9 9.9
Cigars 16.8a 17.3 19.7 18.3 18.7 18.4
Pipe Tobacco 1.7 1.4a 2.1 2.3 2.2 1.9
ALCOHOL 65.2 66.9 64.9 66.3 65.9 65.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2 51.3 50.1 51.7 50.2 49.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1 21.2 21.2 21.7a 21.0 19.9
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4b 37.8b 37.4b 36.9b 36.8b 33.6
Cigarettes 37.1b 36.2b 35.5b 35.0b 34.9b 31.8
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5
Cigars 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1
Pipe Tobacco 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5
ALCOHOL 55.7 55.8 56.0 55.4 57.9 57.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7a 31.8a 32.3 31.9 34.0 33.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8.7 9.0 8.8 8.8 10.0 9.5
80414
Table 8.25A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 53,683 52,946 52,263 53,813 55,215 54,118
Cigarettes 45,278 44,626 44,166 45,133 46,349 45,752
Smokeless Tobacco 5,797 5,728 4,994a 5,495 5,924 5,713
Cigars 8,217 8,099 8,423 8,681 8,690 8,320
Pipe Tobacco 1,347 1,166 1,261 1,561 1,723 1,470
ALCOHOL 96,696b 95,073b 97,023b 102,054 100,805 102,705
Binge Alcohol Use2 38,447b 37,924b 38,661b 38,980b 40,147 41,656
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10,605 10,704 11,170 10,457a 11,251 11,600
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 31,874 31,074 31,229 31,907 33,169 32,315
Cigarettes 24,184 23,709 23,784 23,917 25,009 24,648
Smokeless Tobacco 5,351 5,199 4,677a 5,110 5,661 5,387
Cigars 7,274 6,825 7,344 7,610 7,298 7,122
Pipe Tobacco 1,136 1,051 1,133 1,396 1,555 1,367
ALCOHOL 52,880b 53,090a 53,601 55,610 55,045 55,286
Binge Alcohol Use2 26,227b 25,981b 26,598b 26,242b 27,627 28,558
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8,539 8,212a 8,548 8,245 8,946 9,142
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 21,809 21,872 21,034 21,906 22,045 21,802
Cigarettes 21,094 20,918 20,382 21,215 21,340 21,104
Smokeless Tobacco 447 529 318 385 262 325
Cigars 942 1,274 1,079 1,071 1,391 1,198
Pipe Tobacco 212 115 128 165 168 103
ALCOHOL 43,816b 41,983b 43,423b 46,444 45,759 47,419
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,220 11,943a 12,063a 12,738 12,520 13,098
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2,067 2,492 2,623 2,212 2,305 2,458
80414
Table 8.25B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9a 29.3 28.5 29.0 29.4 28.5
Cigarettes 25.2a 24.7 24.1 24.3 24.7 24.1
Smokeless Tobacco 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.0
Cigars 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.6 4.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 53.9 52.5a 53.0 55.1 53.7 54.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4 21.0 21.1 21.0 21.4 21.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.0 6.1
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3 36.0 35.7 36.0 36.9 35.6
Cigarettes 28.3 27.5 27.2 27.0 27.8 27.1
Smokeless Tobacco 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.8 6.3 5.9
Cigars 8.5 7.9 8.4 8.6 8.1 7.8
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.5
ALCOHOL 61.9 61.5 61.3 62.7a 61.2 60.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7 30.1 30.4 29.6a 30.7 31.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0 9.5 9.8 9.3 10.0 10.1
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2 23.1 22.0 22.6 22.5 22.0
Cigarettes 22.5 22.1 21.3 21.9 21.8 21.3
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3
Cigars 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
ALCOHOL 46.6 44.3b 45.4b 48.0 46.7 47.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0 12.6 12.6 13.2 12.8 13.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.5
80414
Table 8.26A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 67,732 67,147 66,622 68,195 69,598 67,812
Cigarettes 57,928 57,391 56,897 57,799 58,932 57,587
Smokeless Tobacco 7,299 7,214 6,583a 7,158 7,630 7,434
Cigars 11,634 11,722 12,526 12,576 12,662 12,193
Pipe Tobacco 1,679 1,458 1,657 2,032 2,154 1,864
ALCOHOL 115,455b 114,539b 116,498b 121,837 121,087 122,739
Binge Alcohol Use2 51,146b 51,112b 51,931b 52,577b 53,961 55,331
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,231a 15,492 16,018 15,424 16,344 16,420
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39,972 39,300 39,597 40,332 41,578 40,553
Cigarettes 31,080 30,749 30,825 30,924 31,918 31,322
Smokeless Tobacco 6,806 6,618 6,209a 6,698 7,297 7,023
Cigars 9,879 9,583 10,523 10,607 10,376 10,163
Pipe Tobacco 1,398 1,279 1,469 1,768 1,910 1,680
ALCOHOL 63,009b 63,742b 64,101a 66,440 65,914 66,043
Binge Alcohol Use2 34,014b 34,144b 34,699b 34,684b 35,910 36,762
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11,821 11,584 11,981 11,790 12,407 12,420
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 27,761 27,847 27,025 27,863 28,020 27,258
Cigarettes 26,847 26,641 26,072 26,875 27,013 26,266
Smokeless Tobacco 493 596 374 460 333 411
Cigars 1,755 2,139 2,003 1,969 2,286 2,030
Pipe Tobacco 281 179 189 264 244 184
ALCOHOL 52,446b 50,797b 52,396b 55,397 55,173 56,697
Binge Alcohol Use2 17,132a 16,968b 17,232a 17,893 18,051 18,569
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,409a 3,908 4,037 3,634 3,937 4,000
80414
Table 8.26B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 32.2b 31.6a 30.9 31.3 31.5a 30.5
Cigarettes 27.5b 27.0a 26.4 26.5 26.7 25.9
Smokeless Tobacco 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.3
Cigars 5.5 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.5
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8
ALCOHOL 54.9 53.9a 54.1 55.9 54.9 55.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 24.3 24.0 24.1 24.1 24.5 24.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.1 7.4 7.4
MALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39.6a 38.4 38.2 38.4 39.1 37.8
Cigarettes 30.8a 30.1 29.8 29.5 30.0 29.2
Smokeless Tobacco 6.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.9 6.5
Cigars 9.8 9.4 10.2 10.1 9.8 9.5
Pipe Tobacco 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.6
ALCOHOL 62.4 62.4 61.9 63.3a 62.0 61.5
Binge Alcohol Use2 33.7 33.4 33.5 33.0 33.8 34.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11.7 11.3 11.6 11.2 11.7 11.6
FEMALE            
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 25.4b 25.2a 24.2 24.7 24.5 23.7
Cigarettes 24.5b 24.1a 23.3 23.8 23.6 22.8
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Cigars 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
ALCOHOL 47.9 46.0b 46.9b 49.1 48.3 49.2
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.7 15.4 15.4 15.8 15.8 16.1
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.5
80411
Table 8.27A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
Lifetime 20,911 20,936 20,709 20,671 20,574 20,370
Past Year 17,492 17,554 17,568 17,729 17,598 17,359
Past Month 10,713 10,876 10,838 10,819 10,823 10,730
Binge Alcohol Use1 7,175 7,190 7,397 7,197 7,239 7,172
Heavy Alcohol Use1 2,301 2,297 2,375 2,296 2,359 2,313
MALE            
Lifetime 10,719 10,537 10,624 10,500 10,647 10,463
Past Year 8,847 8,735 8,946 8,927 9,064 8,895
Past Month 5,619 5,720 5,723 5,658 5,752 5,609
Binge Alcohol Use1 4,140 4,162 4,271 4,175 4,192 4,158
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,544 1,506 1,582 1,492 1,561 1,532
FEMALE            
Lifetime 10,192 10,399 10,085 10,171 9,927 9,907
Past Year 8,645 8,819 8,622 8,802 8,534 8,464
Past Month 5,094 5,156 5,115 5,160 5,072 5,122
Binge Alcohol Use1 3,035 3,027 3,127 3,022 3,047 3,015
Heavy Alcohol Use1 756 791 793 803 798 781
80411
Table 8.27B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2007
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL            
Lifetime 56.2b 55.8b 54.9b 53.9 53.9 52.9
Past Year 47.0b 46.8b 46.6a 46.3 46.1 45.1
Past Month 28.8 29.0 28.7 28.2 28.3 27.9
Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3 19.2 19.6 18.8 19.0 18.6
Heavy Alcohol Use1 6.2 6.1 6.3 6.0 6.2 6.0
MALE            
Lifetime 56.5b 55.0a 54.9a 53.7 54.0 53.0
Past Year 46.6 45.6 46.3 45.6 46.0 45.1
Past Month 29.6 29.9 29.6 28.9 29.2 28.4
Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8 21.7 22.1 21.3 21.3 21.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 8.1 7.9 8.2 7.6 7.9 7.8
FEMALE            
Lifetime 56.0b 56.6b 54.8a 54.2 53.7 52.8
Past Year 47.5b 48.0b 46.9a 46.9a 46.2 45.1
Past Month 28.0 28.1 27.8 27.5 27.4 27.3
Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7 16.5 17.0 16.1 16.5 16.1
Heavy Alcohol Use1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.3 4.2
80411
Table 8.28A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1            
Cigarettes            
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 15,493b 15,899b 16,871a 17,158 17,290 17,186
Marijuana            
Smoke Once a Month 7,918b 8,614 8,699 8,487 8,667 8,575
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 12,614b 13,449 13,637 13,777 13,606 13,634
Cocaine            
Use Once a Month 12,296 12,628a 12,320 12,151 12,196 12,256
Use Once or Twice a Week 19,463 19,835a 19,842a 19,894b 19,754 19,543
Heroin            
Try Once or Twice 14,211 14,400a 14,077 13,994 14,164 14,006
Use Once or Twice a Week 20,073 20,244a 20,150 20,276a 20,129 19,956
LSD            
Try Once or Twice 12,499a 12,805b 12,692b 12,445a 12,424 12,134
Use Once or Twice a Week 18,156b 18,475b 18,470b 18,361b 18,020b 17,639
Alcohol            
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 15,288b 15,277b 15,468b 16,028 16,265 16,277
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 9,379b 9,528a 9,514a 9,636 9,887 9,834
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2            
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3            
Marijuana 13,299b 13,084b 12,843b 12,601b 12,397a 12,034
Cocaine 5,981 6,010 5,917 6,073 6,323b 5,905
Crack 6,324 6,286 6,069 6,149 6,377a 6,104
Heroin 3,765b 3,649a 3,373 3,384 3,479 3,390
LSD 4,562b 4,154b 4,035b 3,732b 3,310 3,376
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 4,121b 4,013b 4,103b 3,926a 3,879a 3,659
80411
Table 8.28B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1            
Cigarettes            
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1b 64.2b 67.5a 68.3 68.7 68.8
Marijuana            
Smoke Once a Month 32.4b 34.9 35.0 34.0 34.7 34.5
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5b 54.4 54.7 55.0 54.2 54.7
Cocaine            
Use Once a Month 50.5 51.4b 49.6 48.8 49.0 49.6
Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8 80.7b 79.8 79.9 79.2 78.9
Heroin            
Try Once or Twice 58.5a 58.8b 57.0 56.5 57.2 57.0
Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5b 82.6b 81.4 81.8 81.2 81.0
LSD            
Try Once or Twice 52.6a 53.4b 52.6a 51.7 51.6 51.2
Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2b 76.9b 76.4b 76.1b 74.7 74.2
Alcohol            
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2b 61.6b 61.8b 63.8a 64.6 65.2
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 38.2a 38.5 38.1a 38.4 39.4 39.4
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2            
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3            
Marijuana 55.0b 53.6b 52.2b 51.0b 50.1 49.1
Cocaine 25.0 25.0 24.4 24.9 25.9a 24.5
Crack 26.5a 26.2 25.0 25.3 26.2 25.3
Heroin 15.8b 15.3a 14.0 14.0 14.4 14.1
LSD 19.4b 17.6b 16.9b 15.7b 14.0 14.4
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 16.7b 16.1b 16.3b 15.5a 15.3 14.5
80428
Table 8.29A – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656 2,627 2,784 2,908 2,789 2,670
Marijuana and Hashish 2,196 1,973 2,142 2,114 2,063 2,090
Cocaine 1,032 986 998 872 977 906
Crack 337 269 215 230 245 352
Heroin 117 92 118 108 91 106
Hallucinogens 1,152 886a 934 953 1,116 1,064
LSD 338 200a 235 243 264 270
PCP 123b 105b 106a 77 69 58
Ecstasy 1,206b 642a 607a 615a 860 781
Inhalants 849 871 857 877 783 775
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,552 2,583 2,836 2,526 2,576 2,532
Pain Relievers 2,320 2,456a 2,422 2,193 2,150 2,147
OxyContin® -- -- 615 526 533 554
Tranquilizers 1,184 1,071 1,180 1,286 1,112 1,232
Stimulants2 783a 715 793 647 845a 642
Sedatives 209 194 240 247 267 198
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 2,569 2,523 2,664 2,768 2,719 2,563
CIGARETTES 1,940b 1,983a 2,122 2,282 2,449a 2,231
Daily Cigarette Use4 1,016 1,064 1,101 965 1,051 984
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 951b 928b 999b 1,134 1,329 1,297
CIGARS 2,858 2,736a 3,058 3,349 3,061 3,076
ALCOHOL 3,942b 4,082b 4,396 4,274 4,381 4,559
80428
Table 8.29B – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9a 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Cocaine 0.4a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Crack 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
LSD 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1b 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.3 0.3a 0.3a 0.3 0.3
Inhalants 0.4 0.4a 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1.1 1.1 1.2a 1.0 1.0 1.0
Pain Relievers 1.0 1.0b 1.0a 0.9 0.9 0.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Stimulants2 0.3a 0.3 0.3a 0.3 0.3a 0.3
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
CIGARETTES 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0a 0.9
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
SMOKELESS TOBACCO 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5 0.5 0.5
CIGARS 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4a 1.2 1.2
ALCOHOL 1.7b 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
80507
Table 8.30A – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656 2,627 2,784 2,908 2,789 2,670
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3            
Marijuana and Hashish 1,555 1,463 1,516 1,586 1,508 1,502
Cocaine 29 21 43 29 34 16
Crack * * * 1 * *
Heroin 1 1 1 * 0 *
Hallucinogens 88 63 56 67 92 55
LSD 1 5 1 2 6 4
PCP 2 1 1 1 9 *
Ecstasy 52b 37 26 23 46 15
Inhalants 246 340 305 331 278 287
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 742 742 869 900 880 817
Pain Relievers 525 520 635 596 620 507
OxyContin® -- -- 1 8 1 2
Tranquilizers 64b 87a 109 179 112 173
Stimulants2 92 102 99 73 114 109
Sedatives 61 34 27 52 35 28
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 1,104 1,164 1,269 1,328 1,285 1,174
80507
Table 8.30B – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Percentages, 2002-2007
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3            
Marijuana and Hashish 58.6 55.7 54.5 54.5 54.1 56.2
Cocaine 1.1 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.2 0.6
Crack * * * 0.0 * *
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 *
Hallucinogens 3.3 2.4 2.0 2.3 3.3 2.0
LSD 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 *
Ecstasy 1.9b 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.7 0.6
Inhalants 9.3 12.9 10.9 11.4 10.0 10.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 28.0 28.2 31.2 31.0 31.5 30.6
Pain Relievers 19.8 19.8 22.8 20.5 22.2 19.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1
Tranquilizers 2.4b 3.3a 3.9 6.2 4.0 6.5
Stimulants2 3.5 3.9 3.5 2.5 4.1 4.1
Sedatives 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 1.1
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 41.6 44.3 45.6 45.7 46.1 44.0
80418
Table 8.31A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 7,116 6,835 7,298 6,833 7,020 6,851
Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 4,469a 4,090 4,172 3,932
Cocaine 1,488 1,515 1,571 1,549 1,671 1,598
Heroin 214 189 270 227 323 213
Hallucinogens 426 321 449 371 380 368
Inhalants 180 169 233 221 176 164
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,018 1,923 2,048 1,959 2,035 2,160
Pain Relievers 1,509 1,424 1,388a 1,546 1,635 1,707
Tranquilizers 509 435 573 419 402 443
Stimulants2 436 378 470 409 390 406
Sedatives 154 158 128 97 121 154
ALCOHOL 18,100 17,805 18,654 18,658 18,799 18,638
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,210 3,054 3,445 3,273 3,205 3,175
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,006 21,586 22,506 22,218 22,613 22,313
80418
Table 8.31B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 3.0a 2.9 3.0a 2.8 2.9 2.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.8b 1.8a 1.9b 1.7 1.7 1.6
Cocaine 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
ALCOHOL 7.7 7.5 7.8 7.7 7.6 7.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.4 9.1 9.4 9.1 9.2 9.0
80418
Table 8.32A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,636 4,374 4,852 4,718 4,838 4,684
Marijuana and Hashish 2,614 2,520 2,670 2,619 2,616 2,501
Cocaine 1,025 961 1,175 1,144 1,211 1,162
Heroin 198 169 226 199 296 178
Hallucinogens 136 135 180a 143 120 107
Inhalants 47 37 90 46 48 45
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,242 1,275 1,395 1,366 1,310 1,552
Pain Relievers 936a 943a 970a 1,102 1,072 1,264
Tranquilizers 251 196 252 243 177 201
Stimulants2 259 260 359 273 277 305
Sedatives 131 112 89 54 53 94
ALCOHOL 8,222 7,563a 8,355 7,974 8,407 8,450
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,334 1,066a 1,414 1,366 1,329 1,369
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 11,524 10,871a 11,794 11,326 11,916 11,765
80418
Table 8.32B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9
Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Cocaine 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.0
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
Pain Relievers 0.4 0.4a 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.5
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.4
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.6 0.4a 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.9 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7
80418
Table 8.33A – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION            
Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802 2,192 2,172 2,457 2,163
Alcohol 2,405 2,359 2,658 2,843 2,764 2,733
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522 1,566 1,406
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483 3,327a 3,791 3,930 4,031 3,913
SPECIALTY FACILITY            
Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343
Alcohol 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 709 595 718 748 731 615
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412
80418
Table 8.33B – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Location/Substance for Which Treatment
Was Received in Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital, rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION            
Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Alcohol 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
SPECIALTY FACILITY            
Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Alcohol 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8a 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0
80418
Table 8.34A – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,748 7,333 8,053 7,550 7,756 7,528
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,576 1,343
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 6,335 6,230 6,626 6,269 6,180 6,185
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638 18,215 19,360 19,378 19,520 19,301
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,557 1,567
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089 16,917 17,824 17,752 17,963 17,734
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 22,811 22,165 23,476 23,172 23,591 23,202
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2,346 1,874b 2,327 2,308 2,537 2,412
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465 20,290 21,149 20,864 21,054 20,790
80418
Table 8.34B – Needed and Received Treatment for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2007
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1) dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for the substance use problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS1 3.3 3.1 3.3a 3.1 3.2 3.0
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7 2.6 2.8a 2.6 2.5 2.5
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9 7.7 8.0 8.0 7.9 7.8
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3 7.1 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.2
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1 9.7 9.3 9.8 9.5 9.6 9.4
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0 0.8a 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.6 8.4
80415
Table 8.35A – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with SPD estimates published in 2004 and prior years. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 26,232a 24,618 24,901 24,313
AGE        
18-25 6,508b 6,050 5,784 5,843
26-49 13,986b 12,472 13,052 12,226
50 or Older 5,739 6,096 6,065 6,244
GENDER        
Male 9,726 8,776 9,211 8,829
Female 16,507 15,842 15,690 15,484
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 22,964a 21,366 21,782 21,287
White 18,627 17,373 17,465 17,454
Black or African American 2,861 2,650 2,660 2,668
American Indian or Alaska Native 113 232 284 151
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 89 76
Asian 799 656 722 614
Two or More Races 399 372 563a 324
Hispanic or Latino 3,268 3,252 3,118 3,026
80415
Table 8.35B – Serious Psychological Distress in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older. Due to the use of alternative 2004 subsample data, these 2004 estimates may differ from 2004 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Due to questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with SPD estimates published in 2004 and prior years. See Section B.4.4 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 12.2b 11.3 11.3 10.9
AGE        
18-25 20.2b 18.6 17.7 17.9
26-49 14.0b 12.5 13.0 12.2
50 or Older 6.9 7.1 6.9 7.0
GENDER        
Male 9.4a 8.4 8.7 8.2
Female 14.8a 14.0 13.7 13.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.2b 11.2 11.4 11.0
White 12.2 11.4 11.4 11.3
Black or African American 11.9 10.7 10.5 10.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.8 21.1 25.9a 13.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 10.8 11.9
Asian 9.2 7.2 7.8 6.4
Two or More Races 22.4 16.8 25.3b 14.0
Hispanic or Latino 12.2 11.7 10.8 10.2
80529
Table 8.36A – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 27,215b 27,939 27,502a 28,166 28,346 29,401
AGE            
18-25 3,256 3,511 3,459 3,615a 3,514 3,365
26-49 14,492 14,476 14,348 13,889 14,020 14,242
50 or Older 9,466b 9,952b 9,695b 10,661 10,812 11,794
GENDER            
Male 8,772a 8,689a 9,044 9,308 9,458 9,836
Female 18,442 19,250 18,458 18,858 18,888 19,565
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 25,172b 25,919 25,523a 25,999 26,320 27,241
White 21,943b 22,914a 22,512b 22,890a 23,279 24,647
Black or African American 1,953 2,021 2,052 2,193a 1,855 1,711
American Indian or Alaska Native 227a 136 143 169 130 128
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 29 * * * 58 *
Asian 668a 424 422 365 519 370
Two or More Races 352 373 335 317 480 359
Hispanic or Latino 2,043 2,020 1,979 2,166 2,025 2,160
80529
Table 8.36B – Received Mental Health Treatment/Counseling in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2002-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Mental Health Treatment/Counseling is defined as having received inpatient care or outpatient care or having used prescription medication for problems with emotions, nerves, or mental health. Respondents were not to include treatment for drug or alcohol use. Respondents with unknown treatment/counseling information were excluded. Estimates were based only on responses to items in the Adult Mental Health Service Utilization module.
NOTE: Due to revised editing of 2002, 2003, and 2004 outpatient mental health treatment/counseling data, these 2002 and 2003 estimates may differ slightly from 2002 and 2003 estimates published in prior NSDUH reports. See Section B.5.2 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 13.0 13.2 12.8 13.0 12.9 13.2
AGE            
18-25 10.5 11.1a 10.8 11.2a 10.8 10.3
26-49 14.5 14.5 14.4 13.9 14.0 14.3
50 or Older 12.0 12.3 11.7a 12.5 12.4 13.2
GENDER            
Male 8.7 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.9 9.2
Female 16.9 17.5 16.6 16.8 16.6 17.0
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13.6 13.9 13.6 13.7 13.8 14.2
White 14.7b 15.2 14.9a 15.1a 15.2 16.0
Black or African American 8.5a 8.5a 8.5a 8.9a 7.4 6.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 17.7 12.6 12.6 15.4 11.9 11.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 3.9 * * * 7.0 *
Asian 8.3b 4.9 4.7 4.0 5.6 3.9
Two or More Races 16.6 17.5 15.8 14.4 21.6 15.6
Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.8 7.4 7.8 7.0 7.3
80415
Table 8.37A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005, 2006, and 2007 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 17,087 15,772 15,796 16,462
AGE        
18-25 3,238a 3,135a 2,920 2,891
26-49 9,750a 8,358 8,482 8,417
50 or Older 4,099a 4,280a 4,393 5,155
GENDER        
Male 5,722 5,397 5,604 5,607
Female 11,365 10,375 10,191 10,855
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,379 13,854 14,255 14,611
White 12,788 11,534 11,909 12,355
Black or African American 1,687 1,585 1,579 1,520
American Indian or Alaska Native 84 104 132 101
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 48 *
Asian 428 324 273 275
Two or More Races 314 221 315 278
Hispanic or Latino 1,708 1,918 1,541 1,851
80415
Table 8.37B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
NOTE: Estimates for 2004 in this table are based on a subsample of respondents aged 18 or older, while 2005, 2006, and 2007 estimates are based on all respondents aged 18 or older. See Section B.4.5 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 8.0 7.3 7.2 7.5
AGE        
18-25 10.1b 9.7a 9.0 8.9
26-49 9.8b 8.4 8.5 8.5
50 or Older 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.8
GENDER        
Male 5.6 5.2 5.3 5.3
Female 10.3 9.3 9.0 9.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.2 7.3 7.5 7.6
White 8.4 7.6 7.8 8.1
Black or African American 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 8.1 9.4 12.1 9.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * 5.8 *
Asian 5.0 3.6 3.0 2.9
Two or More Races 17.9 10.1 14.3 12.1
Hispanic or Latino 6.5 7.0 5.4 6.3
80415
Table 8.38A – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 2,225a 2,191 1,969 2,016
AGE        
12-13 445b 417a 383 336
14-15 783 811a 685 706
16-17 997 964 901 973
GENDER        
Male 637 571 540 582
Female 1,588a 1,620a 1,429 1,433
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 1,848 1,802 1,610 1,691
White 1,413 1,390 1,215 1,282
Black or African American 287 288 245 293
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 10 12 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 82 63 77 67
Two or More Races 51 41 53 41
Hispanic or Latino 377 389 359 324
80415
Table 8.38B – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2004-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
TOTAL 9.0a 8.8 7.9 8.2
AGE        
12-13 5.4a 5.2a 4.9 4.3
14-15 9.2 9.5 7.9 8.4
16-17 12.3 11.5 10.7 11.5
GENDER        
Male 5.0 4.5 4.2 4.6
Female 13.1a 13.3a 11.8 11.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE        
Not Hispanic or Latino 8.9 8.7 7.9 8.4
White 9.2 9.1 8.1 8.7
Black or African American 7.7 7.6 6.4 7.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.8 6.1 9.3 4.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * *
Asian 8.3 6.0 7.6 6.8
Two or More Races 11.7 10.5 13.0 10.0
Hispanic or Latino 9.1a 9.1a 8.0 7.1
80512
Table 8.39A – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment or counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 2,934 3,104 3,378a 3,394b 3,295 3,113
Outpatient 2,662 2,795 3,015a 3,048b 2,934 2,781
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 2,254 2,347 2,523 2,573a 2,418 2,362
Mental Health Clinic or Center 611 635 716b 657 589 579
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 440 425 439 449 473 416
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 693 656 762 731 717 703
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
588 626 705 696 670 628
Hospital 422a 467 515 529 517 510
Residential Treatment Center 224 233 299b 229 225 199
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 157a 179b 158a 143 129 112
EDUCATION2 2,587b 2,983 3,157b 3,033 2,991 2,862
School Counselor, School Psychologist or Regular Meetings with a Teacher 2,111b 2,445 2,619a 2,509 2,461 2,428
Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or Placement in a Special Classroom, Special Program or Special School 839 959b 1,015b 976b 978b 811
MEDICAL            
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 657 732 840b 810a 694 692
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
1,187 1,418a 1,424a 1,454a 1,342 1,278
80512
Table 8.39B – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2007
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of Mental Health Services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment or counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown Mental Health Service Use in the Past Year were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status or who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment or counseling from this source.
3 Specialty Mental Health and Education or Medical includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 12.0 12.5 13.5a 13.5a 13.1 12.5
Outpatient 10.8 11.3 12.1a 12.1a 11.7 11.1
Private Therapist, Psychologist, Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or Counselor 9.2 9.5 10.1 10.2a 9.6 9.4
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.5 2.6 2.9b 2.6 2.3 2.3
Partial Day Hospital or Day Treatment Program 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or Family Preservation Worker 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or Longer
Stay)
2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5
Hospital 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0
Residential Treatment Center 0.9 0.9 1.2b 0.9 0.9 0.8
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster Care Home 0.6a 0.7b 0.6a 0.6 0.5 0.4
EDUCATION2 10.6a 12.1 12.7b 12.1 11.9 11.5
School Counselor, School Psychologist or Regular Meetings with a Teacher 8.6b 9.9 10.5a 10.0 9.8 9.7
Special Education Services While in a Regular Classroom or Placement in a Special Classroom, Special Program or Special School 3.4 3.9b 4.1b 3.9b 3.9b 3.3
MEDICAL            
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 2.7 2.9 3.4b 3.2a 2.8 2.8
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3
4.8 5.7a 5.7a 5.8a 5.3 5.1
80627
Table 8.40B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2007
Survey Year AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26-34
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates were adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted by formally modeling the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, using 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/p0000016.htm) for information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2007 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2007.
1971 5.1 17.3 5.7
1972 6.0 27.8 10.3
1974 10.2 25.2 9.1
1976 10.5 25.0 12.5
1977 14.1 27.4 13.7
1979 14.2 35.6 19.7
1982 9.9 27.2 19.0
1985 10.2 21.7 19.0
1988 5.4 15.3 12.3
1990 4.4 12.7 9.5
1991 3.6 12.9 7.7
1992 3.4 10.9 9.3
1993 4.0 11.1 7.5
1994 6.0 12.1 6.9
1995 8.2 12.0 6.7
1996 7.1 13.2 6.3
1997 9.4 12.8 6.0
1998 8.3 13.8 5.5
1999 7.2 14.2 5.4
2000 7.2 13.6 5.9
2001 8.0 16.0 6.8
2002 8.2 17.3 7.7
2003 7.9 17.0 8.4
2004 7.6 16.1 8.3
2005 6.8 16.6 8.6
2006 6.7 16.3 8.5
2007 6.7 16.4 7.9
80627
Table 8.41B – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2007
Survey Year AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26-34
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates have been adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted using a simple ratio correction factor that measured the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, estimated at the total population level using pooled 1993 and 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/p0000016.htm) for further information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2007 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2007.
1971 -- -- --
1972 1.3 -- --
1974 2.3 7.0 --
1976 2.0 6.1 --
1977 2.2 8.8 --
1979 3.6 17.0 5.7
1982 3.7 15.9 9.3
1985 3.4 13.6 10.5
1988 2.5 10.5 7.0
1990 1.9 6.5 5.9
1991 1.3 6.7 4.4
1992 1.0 5.5 4.3
1993 0.7 4.4 3.8
1994 1.1 3.6 3.5
1995 1.7 4.3 3.1
1996 1.4 4.7 3.5
1997 2.2 3.9 3.1
1998 1.7 4.7 2.7
1999 1.6 5.2 2.4
2000 1.7 4.4 2.1
2001 1.5 5.7 2.7
2002 2.1 6.7 3.6
2003 1.8 6.6 4.1
2004 1.6 6.6 4.0
2005 1.7 6.9 3.1
2006 1.6 6.9 4.4
2007 1.5 6.4 3.6
80411
Table 8.42B – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and among Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2002-2007
Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
2 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
  Number of Past Year Initiates (1,000s)1
TOTAL 299b 260a 318b 192 259a 157
GENDER            
Male 141b 130b 142b 97a 90a 52
Female 158a 129 176a 95 169 104
  Percentage of Past Year Initiates among Total Population1
TOTAL 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1a 0.0
Female 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
  Percentage of Past Year Initiates among Persons at Risk for Initiation1,2
TOTAL 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1a 0.0
Female 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
  Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates1
TOTAL 18.9 20.4 22.1 18.6 22.2 19.1
Age 12-49 18.9 20.4 20.6 18.6 22.2 19.1
GENDER/AGE            
Male 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4
12-49 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 19.4
Female 18.8 20.8 23.1 18.1 23.5 19.0
12-49 18.8 20.8 20.4 18.1 23.5 19.0

Go to Top of PageGo to the Table of Contents

This is the page footer.

This page was last updated on .