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80414
Table 3.1A – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Risk/Availability Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 180,432 182,079 17,290 17,186 23,029 23,043 140,113 141,849
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 94,982 93,372 8,667 8,575 7,961 8,074 78,353 76,724
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 123,881 124,035 13,606 13,634 11,680 11,695 98,595 98,707
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 172,066a 174,567 12,196 12,256 20,288 20,496 139,583a 141,815
Use Once or Twice a Week 215,071b 217,598 19,754 19,543 27,791 27,811 167,527b 170,245
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 198,716 199,733 14,164 14,006 25,201 25,287 159,350 160,441
Use Once or Twice a Week 226,799b 229,100 20,129 19,956 30,295 30,278 176,375b 178,866
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 173,327 174,588 12,424 12,134 20,311 20,446 140,591 142,008
Use Once or Twice a Week 212,265b 214,174 18,020b 17,639 27,239 27,274 167,007b 169,261
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 169,340a 171,672 16,265 16,277 20,298 20,342 132,777a 135,052
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 101,928 104,118 9,887 9,834 10,648 10,854 81,393 83,430
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 134,251 135,724 12,397a 12,034 24,700 24,495 97,155 99,194
Cocaine 72,114 71,268 6,323b 5,905 13,205 12,904 52,586 52,459
Crack 66,933 66,757 6,377a 6,104 10,253 10,182 50,302 50,471
Heroin 41,230 40,545 3,479 3,390 5,975 5,968 31,776 31,187
LSD 40,483 39,410 3,310 3,376 6,652 6,382 30,522 29,652
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 19,099 18,841 3,879a 3,659 6,002 6,083 9,219 9,100
80414
Table 3.1B – Perceived Risk and Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Risk/Availability Total AGE GROUP
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 73.8 73.9 68.7 68.8 70.6 70.7 75.1 75.1
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 39.3 38.4 34.7 34.5 24.5 24.8 42.5 41.3
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.2 51.0 54.2 54.7 35.9 36.0 53.5 53.1
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 71.1 71.5 49.0 49.6 62.6 63.3 75.6 75.9
Use Once or Twice a Week 88.8 89.1 79.2 78.9 85.7 85.8 90.7 91.0
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 82.2 81.9 57.2 57.0 77.9 78.1 86.3 85.9
Use Once or Twice a Week 93.8 93.9 81.2 81.0 93.6 93.5 95.5 95.6
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 72.4 72.3 51.6 51.2 63.3 63.6 76.7 76.4
Use Once or Twice a Week 88.5 88.5 74.7 74.2 84.9 84.9 91.0 91.0
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 69.5 69.7 64.6 65.2 62.3 62.4 71.4 71.6
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 41.8 42.3 39.4 39.4 32.7 33.3 43.8 44.3
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 57.1 57.3 50.1 49.1 76.5 76.0 54.5 55.0
Cocaine 31.2 30.5 25.9a 24.5 41.7 40.8 30.0 29.5
Crack 29.0 28.7 26.2 25.3 32.5 32.3 28.8 28.5
Heroin 17.9 17.5 14.4 14.1 19.0 19.0 18.2 17.7
LSD 17.6 17.1 14.0 14.4 21.2 20.4 17.5 16.8
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 7.8 7.6 15.3 14.5 18.4 18.6 4.9 4.8
80414
Table 3.2A – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More
Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks
Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 17,290 17,186 16,265 16,277 9,887 9,834
AGE            
12-13 5,429 5,530 5,357 5,474 3,385 3,503
14-15 5,990 5,759 5,554 5,335 3,350 3,237
16-17 5,871 5,897 5,353 5,468 3,152 3,094
GENDER            
Male 8,307 8,261 7,660 7,652 4,654 4,617
Female 8,983 8,926 8,604 8,626 5,234 5,216
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,190 14,082 13,356 13,297 8,051 7,971
White 10,506 10,269 9,607 9,523 5,405 5,336
Black or African American 2,588 2,598 2,566 2,600 1,906 1,895
American Indian or Alaska Native 72 109 73 * 50 65
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 695 743 729 760 470 473
Two or More Races 263 305 297 273 151 167
Hispanic or Latino 3,101 3,104 2,908 2,980 1,836 1,863
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 9,409 9,488 8,981 9,194 5,467 5,525
Small Metro 5,153 5,040 4,834 4,658 2,876 2,866
Nonmetro 2,728 2,658 2,450 2,425 1,544 1,443
80414
Table 3.2B – Perceived Great Risk of Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More
Packs Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks
Nearly Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 68.7 68.8 64.6 65.2 39.4 39.4
AGE            
12-13 68.7 69.2 67.5 68.3 43.0 43.9
14-15 68.3 68.3 63.4 63.3 38.3 38.5
16-17 69.1 69.0 63.0 64.0 37.1 36.2
GENDER            
Male 64.6 64.8 59.6 60.1 36.3 36.3
Female 73.0 73.0 69.7 70.4 42.5 42.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 68.7 69.0 64.6 65.2 39.0 39.2
White 69.4 68.6 63.4 63.6 35.7 35.7
Black or African American 67.5 68.5 66.8 68.7 49.7 50.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 53.3 67.9 53.8 * 37.2 40.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 68.5 73.7 71.8 75.5 46.5 47.5
Two or More Races 63.7a 73.0 72.4 65.6 37.1 40.2
Hispanic or Latino 68.7 67.9 64.3 65.1 40.8 40.7
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 69.5 70.2 66.2a 68.1 40.4 41.0
Small Metro 68.2 68.8 64.0 63.5 38.2 39.1
Nonmetro 67.0a 64.3 60.0 58.6 37.9a 35.0
80414
Table 3.3A – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or
Twice a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or
Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 8,667 8,575 13,606 13,634 12,196 12,256 19,754 19,543
AGE                
12-13 3,403 3,339 5,113 5,245 3,285 3,346 5,692 5,791
14-15 2,925 2,944 4,759 4,571 4,235 4,118 6,917 6,624
16-17 2,339 2,292 3,734 3,818 4,675 4,792 7,145 7,127
GENDER                
Male 4,092 4,107 6,529 6,493 6,206 6,240 10,043 9,903
Female 4,576 4,468 7,077 7,140 5,990 6,016 9,711 9,639
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 7,052 6,990 11,214 11,311 10,143 10,190 16,420 16,278
White 5,203 5,081 8,582 8,529 7,350 7,355 12,352 12,223
Black or African American 1,314 1,315 1,744 1,772 2,054 2,067 2,807 2,752
American Indian or Alaska Native 49 * 54 86 58 93 94 121
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 320 376 554 661 434 420 738 799
Two or More Races 109 130 200 215 183 212 340 336
Hispanic or Latino 1,615 1,584 2,391 2,323 2,052 2,066 3,333 3,265
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 4,547 4,519 7,191 7,235 6,564 6,604 10,619 10,528
Small Metro 2,546 2,466 4,089 3,991 3,645 3,528 5,920 5,765
Nonmetro 1,575 1,590 2,326 2,408 1,986 2,124 3,215 3,250
80414
Table 3.3B – Perceived Great Risk of Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or
Twice a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or
Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 34.7 34.5 54.2 54.7 49.0 49.6 79.2 78.9
AGE                
12-13 43.6 42.1 65.0 65.8 42.1 42.4 72.7 73.3
14-15 33.5 35.1 54.5 54.3 48.9 49.5 79.8 79.3
16-17 27.6 26.9 44.0 44.7 55.4 56.5 84.6 83.8
GENDER                
Male 32.0 32.4 51.0 51.1 49.0 49.7 79.0 78.6
Female 37.4 36.7 57.6 58.5 49.0 49.6 79.3 79.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 34.4 34.4 54.5 55.6 49.7 50.5 80.3 80.6
White 34.6 34.1 56.9 57.2 49.1 49.7 82.4 82.4
Black or African American 34.4 34.8 45.6 46.8 54.0 55.3 73.7 73.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 36.5 * 39.9 53.8 43.7a 59.2 70.7 76.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 31.5 37.6 54.8b 65.8 43.4 42.5 73.9a 80.9
Two or More Races 26.7 31.5 49.1 51.6 45.3 51.8 84.1 81.3
Hispanic or Latino 36.0 34.8 53.1 50.7 45.8 45.6 74.1 71.7
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 33.8 33.5 53.2 53.6 49.0 49.5 79.0 78.6
Small Metro 33.9 33.9 54.4 54.7 48.9 48.6 79.2 79.3
Nonmetro 38.9 38.7 57.3 58.6 49.2a 52.0 79.6 79.5
80414
Table 3.4A – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or
Twice a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or
Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 14,164 14,006 20,129 19,956 12,424 12,134 18,020b 17,639
AGE                
12-13 3,593 3,603 5,534 5,643 3,193 3,245 4,983 5,012
14-15 4,946a 4,656 7,135a 6,779 4,393b 4,035 6,278a 5,946
16-17 5,625 5,748 7,460 7,534 4,838 4,853 6,759 6,681
GENDER                
Male 7,289 7,222 10,187 10,151 6,271 6,176 9,124a 8,925
Female 6,875 6,784 9,942 9,806 6,153 5,958 8,895 8,714
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11,618 11,426 16,749 16,569 10,162a 9,884 14,944a 14,665
White 8,374 8,258 12,623 12,452 7,263 7,103 11,294 11,086
Black or African American 2,359 2,287 2,848 2,807 2,128 1,978 2,545 2,447
American Indian or Alaska Native 77 * 96 126 68 * 91 122
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 505 506 742 798 443 463 618 672
Two or More Races 239 247 358 328 203 203 316 285
Hispanic or Latino 2,547 2,579 3,380 3,388 2,262 2,250 3,076 2,974
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7,621 7,574 10,805 10,759 6,615 6,466 9,707 9,482
Small Metro 4,288 4,085 6,083 5,920 3,751 3,553 5,398 5,216
Nonmetro 2,256 2,347 3,241 3,277 2,058 2,115 2,915 2,942
80414
Table 3.4B – Perceived Great Risk of Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or
Twice a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or
Twice a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 57.2 57.0 81.2 81.0 51.6 51.2 74.7 74.2
AGE                
12-13 46.5 46.3 71.5 72.2 43.1 44.1 66.8 67.6
14-15 57.4 56.0 82.7 81.4 52.6a 50.3 75.1 74.0
16-17 66.8 67.8 88.6 88.8 58.3 58.3 81.5 80.2
GENDER                
Male 57.8 57.8 80.7 81.0 51.1 51.2 74.3 73.8
Female 56.6 56.2 81.7 81.1 52.2 51.2 75.2 74.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 57.2 57.0 82.4 82.4 51.5 51.0 75.6 75.5
White 56.2 56.1 84.7 84.4 50.3 50.0 77.9 77.7
Black or African American 62.4 61.4 75.2 75.1 57.7 54.9 69.0 67.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 60.2 * 74.8 80.0 55.2 * 73.6 78.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 51.2 51.4 74.8a 81.0 46.1 49.1 63.8 70.7
Two or More Races 59.3 60.8 89.0b 80.1 52.7 52.4 80.9 74.4
Hispanic or Latino 57.2 57.3 75.9 75.1 52.1 51.8 71.0 68.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 57.2 57.0 81.0 80.7 51.1 50.6 74.9 74.0
Small Metro 57.7 56.7 81.7 81.9 52.0 50.9 74.6 74.6
Nonmetro 56.4 57.8 80.7 80.6 52.8 53.7 74.4 74.2
80414
Table 3.5A – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana Cocaine Crack Heroin LSD
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 12,397a 12,034 6,323b 5,905 6,377a 6,104 3,479 3,390 3,310 3,376
AGE                    
12-13 1,586 1,594 1,021 978 1,242 1,135 670 641 458 489
14-15 4,578a 4,220 2,207a 1,997 2,375 2,219 1,317 1,191 1,197 1,077
16-17 6,233 6,220 3,095 2,930 2,760 2,750 1,492 1,558 1,655 1,810
GENDER                    
Male 6,196 6,043 2,724a 2,503 2,736b 2,473 1,474 1,359 1,426 1,395
Female 6,200a 5,992 3,599 3,402 3,641 3,631 2,005 2,031 1,884 1,981
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,297b 9,945 5,027b 4,665 5,172b 4,858 2,771 2,721 2,702 2,796
White 7,582 7,437 3,629a 3,338 3,555 3,358 1,893 1,841 2,081 2,144
Black or African American 1,990 1,903 1,088 1,048 1,256 1,157 720 713 444 486
American Indian or Alaska Native 53 * 20 * 21 * 9 * 10 16
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 398a 291 168 121 200 179 84 76 103 84
Two or More Races 226 205 115 103 119 96 53 60 54 62
Hispanic or Latino 2,100 2,089 1,296 1,240 1,205 1,246 708 669 608 579
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 6,733 6,566 3,408 3,259 3,409 3,355 1,848 1,889 1,808 1,845
Small Metro 3,774 3,591 1,958 1,798 1,975 1,832 1,109 990 1,037 1,006
Nonmetro 1,890 1,877 957 847 993 917 523 511 465 525
80414
Table 3.5B – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SPECIFIC ILLICIT DRUGS
Marijuana Cocaine Crack Heroin LSD
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 50.1 49.1 25.9a 24.5 26.2 25.3 14.4 14.1 14.0 14.4
AGE                    
12-13 20.7 20.6 13.4 12.8 16.4 14.8 8.9 8.4 6.3 6.7
14-15 52.9 50.9 25.9 24.5 28.0 27.1 15.6 14.7 14.4 13.5
16-17 73.9 73.4 37.5a 35.3 33.4 33.1 18.2 18.8 20.4 22.1
GENDER                    
Male 49.0 48.1 21.8a 20.3 22.0b 20.0 11.9 11.1 11.7 11.6
Female 51.2 50.2 30.2 28.9 30.6 30.8 17.0 17.4 16.3 17.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 50.7 49.8 25.2a 23.8 25.9a 24.7 14.0 13.9 13.9 14.6
White 51.0 50.9 24.8a 23.2 24.4 23.3 13.1 12.9 14.6 15.3
Black or African American 52.4 51.1 29.1 28.6 33.5 31.5 19.4 19.6 12.1 13.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 41.1 * 15.7 * 16.1 * 7.2 * 7.9 10.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 40.1b 29.3 17.4 12.4 20.9 18.2 8.8 7.8 11.0 8.8
Two or More Races 56.1 50.1 29.0 25.6 30.2 23.9 13.7 15.2 14.4 16.1
Hispanic or Latino 47.3 46.1 29.3 27.8 27.3 27.8 16.1 15.1 14.1 13.4
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 50.5 49.5 26.0 25.0 26.0 25.7 14.2 14.6 14.2 14.5
Small Metro 50.8 49.9 26.8 25.4 27.0 25.8 15.3 14.1 14.6 14.5
Nonmetro 47.3 46.3 24.3b 21.2 25.3 22.9 13.4 12.9 12.1 13.5
80414
Table 3.6A – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 22,841 22,849 22,650 22,596 23,321 23,179 22,445 22,278
AGE                
12-13 7,408 7,550 7,431 7,586 7,511 7,652 7,309 7,416
14-15 8,110 7,853 7,984 7,705 8,260 7,879 7,893 7,603
16-17 7,324 7,445 7,235 7,305 7,551 7,648 7,243 7,259
GENDER                
Male 11,577 11,576 11,486 11,477 11,817 11,775 11,293 11,250
Female 11,264 11,273 11,164 11,119 11,504 11,404 11,152a 11,028
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,774 18,653 18,567 18,404 19,183b 18,917 18,481b 18,248
White 13,803 13,683 13,610 13,491 14,129 13,918 13,554 13,380
Black or African American 3,439 3,405 3,433 3,373 3,500 3,436 3,440 3,348
American Indian or Alaska Native 110 141 104 * 110 * 112 141
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 949 980 956 976 959 975 904 950
Two or More Races 369 381 358 373 378 384 364 375
Hispanic or Latino 4,067b 4,195 4,083b 4,192 4,138b 4,261 3,964 4,031
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12,365 12,450 12,161 12,189 12,523 12,513 12,130 12,175
Small Metro 6,850 6,693 6,781 6,620 7,014 6,800 6,745 6,515
Nonmetro 3,626 3,706 3,708 3,786 3,784 3,866 3,571 3,588
80414
Table 3.6B – Youths Feel That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 91.4a 92.1 90.4 91.0 93.1 93.3 89.6 89.6
AGE                
12-13 94.9 95.8 94.9a 96.0 95.9a 96.9 93.3 93.8
14-15 92.7 93.4 91.2 91.6 94.4 93.5 90.2 90.3
16-17 86.8 87.4 85.6 85.8 89.3 89.7 85.7 85.2
GENDER                
Male 90.9 91.6 89.9 90.7 92.4 93.0 88.4 88.8
Female 91.9 92.6 91.0 91.4 93.8 93.6 90.9 90.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 91.3 92.0 90.2 90.7 93.2 93.2 89.8 89.8
White 91.3 91.7 90.0 90.4 93.4 93.2 89.7 89.6
Black or African American 90.9 91.5 90.4 90.6 92.2 92.2 90.5 89.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 82.9 90.6 78.1 * 82.0 * 83.1 89.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 94.6 97.0 95.7 96.5 95.6 96.4 90.1 93.9
Two or More Races 89.6 91.7 87.2 89.9 92.0 92.5 88.5 90.5
Hispanic or Latino 91.6 92.7 91.5 92.4 92.8 93.7 89.0 88.8
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 91.9 92.8 90.3 90.9 92.9 93.2 90.1 90.6
Small Metro 91.2 91.9 90.1 90.8 93.3 93.3 89.6 89.4
Nonmetro 89.9 90.0 91.5 91.7 93.3 93.6 88.1 86.9
80414
Table 3.7A – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 21,610 21,780 20,500 20,576 20,953 20,929 21,045 20,986
AGE                
12-13 7,286 7,453 7,307 7,483 7,348 7,492 7,246 7,392
14-15 7,484 7,391 7,170 7,032 7,331 7,140 7,291 7,048
16-17 6,841 6,937 6,022 6,061 6,274 6,297 6,508 6,546
GENDER                
Male 10,785 10,860 10,235 10,229 10,429 10,407 10,413 10,382
Female 10,825 10,920 10,265 10,347 10,523 10,522 10,632 10,604
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,768 17,794 16,786 16,763 17,178 17,062 17,280 17,148
White 13,076 13,032 12,302 12,222 12,658 12,497 12,702 12,503
Black or African American 3,247 3,241 3,093 3,080 3,096 3,098 3,151 3,150
American Indian or Alaska Native 94 * 100 129 100 130 100 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 890 955 883 924 895 921 888 945
Two or More Races 364 366 313 347 334 355 345 356
Hispanic or Latino 3,842b 3,986 3,714 3,813 3,775 3,866 3,766 3,839
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,727 11,901 10,973 11,075 11,250 11,292 11,409 11,478
Small Metro 6,476 6,346 6,176 6,004 6,270 6,090 6,328 6,110
Nonmetro 3,407 3,534 3,351 3,496 3,433 3,547 3,308 3,399
80414
Table 3.7B – Youths Feel That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youths' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 86.5b 87.8 82.0 82.9 83.9 84.3 84.2 84.5
AGE                
12-13 93.1a 94.2 93.5 94.5 94.2 94.5 92.4 93.2
14-15 85.9b 88.1 82.0a 83.7 84.0 85.1 83.6 83.9
16-17 81.0 81.5 71.4 71.3 74.3 74.1 77.2 77.0
GENDER                
Male 84.7a 86.1 80.4 81.1 82.0 82.4 81.8 82.2
Female 88.3a 89.5 83.7 84.8 85.9 86.3 86.7 86.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 86.5b 87.8 81.7 82.7 83.7 84.1 84.2 84.5
White 86.6 87.5 81.4 82.0 83.8 83.8 84.0 83.9
Black or African American 85.8 86.6 82.0 82.4 82.1 82.9 83.5 84.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 70.0 * 74.5 83.2 74.2 83.5 74.2 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 88.4b 95.1 87.7 91.8 88.8 91.8 89.0a 94.0
Two or More Races 88.7 88.8 76.7a 84.3 81.7 86.6 84.1 86.3
Hispanic or Latino 86.3 87.8 83.4 84.0 85.0 85.1 84.4 84.6
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 87.2b 88.6 81.5 82.5 83.7 84.1 84.8 85.4
Small Metro 86.4 87.2 82.4 82.5 83.7 83.7 84.4 84.0
Nonmetro 84.2 85.9 83.0a 84.9 85.0 86.2 81.7 82.6
80414
Table 3.8A – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 22,339 22,312 20,483 20,519 20,741 20,641 21,670 21,568
AGE                
12-13 7,308 7,467 7,262 7,443 7,274 7,421 7,247 7,420
14-15 7,742 7,548 7,135 6,943 7,211 6,967 7,475 7,214
16-17 7,289 7,297 6,086 6,133 6,256 6,252 6,948 6,934
GENDER                
Male 11,244 11,228 10,315 10,257 10,406 10,262 10,831 10,721
Female 11,094 11,083 10,168 10,262 10,335 10,379 10,840 10,847
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,377 18,247 16,766 16,677 17,014 16,854 17,817a 17,618
White 13,567 13,396 12,215 12,086 12,484 12,284 13,082 12,853
Black or African American 3,331 3,336 3,179 3,163 3,149 3,120 3,284 3,260
American Indian or Alaska Native 110 143 102 128 100 129 108 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 920 944 880 908 883 917 917 953
Two or More Races 353 362 299 332 304 343 334 355
Hispanic or Latino 3,962a 4,065 3,717a 3,842 3,727 3,787 3,853 3,951
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12,056 12,162 10,972 11,038 11,104 11,093 11,760 11,780
Small Metro 6,669 6,524 6,110 5,951 6,196 6,013 6,458 6,296
Nonmetro 3,614 3,626 3,400 3,530 3,441 3,535 3,452 3,492
80414
Table 3.8B – Youths Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 89.1 89.7 81.7 82.5 82.8 82.9 86.4 86.6
AGE                
12-13 92.9a 94.2 92.3a 93.6 92.4 93.2 91.9a 93.3
14-15 88.6 89.6 81.6 82.4 82.5 82.7 85.5 85.6
16-17 86.2 85.6 72.0 72.1 74.0 73.4 82.2 81.3
GENDER                
Male 88.0 88.7 80.8 81.0 81.4 81.0 84.7 84.6
Female 90.2 90.8 82.7 83.9 84.1 84.9 88.2 88.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 89.2 89.8 81.4 82.0 82.6 82.8 86.5 86.6
White 89.6 89.9 80.7 80.9 82.5 82.3 86.4 86.0
Black or African American 87.8 88.8 83.6 84.4 82.9 82.9 86.4 86.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 81.6 91.2 76.1 80.4 74.8 81.2 80.3 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 91.8 93.3 87.6 89.9 87.8 90.7 91.3 94.2
Two or More Races 85.9 87.1 72.6a 80.3 74.0b 83.0 81.1 85.9
Hispanic or Latino 88.6 89.3 83.2 84.5 83.4 83.2 86.1 86.7
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 89.3a 90.4 81.3 82.2 82.3 82.4 87.1 87.5
Small Metro 88.8 89.4 81.3 81.3 82.5 82.2 85.9 86.1
Nonmetro 89.2 88.0 84.0 85.4 84.9 85.6 85.2 84.4
80414
Table 3.9A – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 5,560 5,552 3,692 3,916 2,794 2,887
AGE            
12-13 2,010 2,091 1,693 1,821 879 925
14-15 1,886 1,829 1,233 1,228 1,129 1,081
16-17 1,663 1,632 766 867 787 881
GENDER            
Male 2,708 2,613 1,892 1,979 1,443 1,373
Female 2,852 2,939 1,800 1,937 1,351a 1,515
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,614 4,580 3,009 3,156 2,290 2,308
White 3,144 3,098 1,806 1,874 1,384 1,361
Black or African American 1,051 1,057 885 1,002 724 764
American Indian or Alaska Native 26 25 22 23 15 17
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 276 280 206 166 92 117
Two or More Races 96 103 62 73 53 43
Hispanic or Latino 946 971 683 760 504 579
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,030 3,064 1,989a 2,206 1,501 1,584
Small Metro 1,647 1,611 1,108 1,146 813 841
Nonmetro 883 877 594 564 480 463
80414
Table 3.9B – Participation in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 22.4 22.5 14.7a 15.7 11.1 11.5
AGE            
12-13 26.3 26.9 21.4 22.8 11.0 11.5
14-15 21.6 21.8 14.0 14.6 12.9 12.8
16-17 19.7 19.1 9.0 10.1 9.3 10.3
GENDER            
Male 21.3 20.7 14.7 15.5 11.2 10.8
Female 23.5 24.4 14.6 15.8 10.9a 12.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 22.6 22.8 14.6 15.5 11.1 11.3
White 21.1 21.1 12.0 12.6 9.1 9.1
Black or African American 27.4 27.9 22.9a 26.3 18.7 20.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 19.9 15.5 16.5 13.8 11.2 10.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 27.9 28.3 20.2 16.6 8.9 11.5
Two or More Races 23.3 25.3 15.2 17.6 12.7 10.3
Hispanic or Latino 21.3 21.4 15.1 16.5 11.2 12.5
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 22.6 22.9 14.7a 16.3 11.0 11.7
Small Metro 22.2 22.2 14.7 15.7 10.7 11.4
Nonmetro 22.0 21.5 14.6 13.7 11.8 11.2
80414
Table 3.10A – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 2,882 2,834 1,224 1,189 19,937b 19,423 15,013 14,833
AGE                
12-13 1,115 1,163 486 517 5,893 5,823 4,924 4,913
14-15 986 901 419 350 7,072a 6,662 5,257a 4,939
16-17 781 770 319 322 6,972 6,937 4,832 4,980
GENDER                
Male 1,476 1,493 689 649 9,940b 9,675 7,403 7,313
Female 1,407 1,341 535 541 9,997b 9,748 7,610 7,519
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,342 2,290 1,003 932 16,459b 15,909 12,259a 11,984
White 1,508 1,477 633 551 12,117 11,772 9,339 9,139
Black or African American 606 583 273 301 2,975 2,827 2,026 1,943
American Indian or Alaska Native 14 * 11 14 98 124 71 100
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 133 145 51 46 847 808 516 527
Two or More Races 64 47 23 18 342 320 250 246
Hispanic or Latino 540 544 221 258 3,478 3,514 2,754 2,849
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,497 1,449 656 660 10,760 10,559 8,216 8,159
Small Metro 864 877 360 347 6,004 5,742 4,437 4,293
Nonmetro 522 509 209 183 3,173 3,122 2,360 2,381
80414
Table 3.10B – Participation in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention Message from Sources Outside School Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 11.4 11.3 4.9 4.8 79.4b 77.9 59.8 59.6
AGE                
12-13 14.0 14.5 6.2 6.5 74.9 73.1 62.4 61.9
14-15 11.2 10.7 4.8 4.1 80.8a 79.0 60.1 58.7
16-17 9.2 9.0 3.8 3.8 82.1 81.3 57.0 58.4
GENDER                
Male 11.5 11.7 5.4 5.1 77.5 76.1 57.8 57.6
Female 11.4 10.9 4.3 4.4 81.3a 79.7 61.9 61.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.3 11.2 4.9 4.6 79.9b 78.3 59.5 59.0
White 10.0 9.9 4.2 3.7 80.4a 79.2 61.9 61.5
Black or African American 15.7 15.3 7.1 8.0 77.1a 74.3 52.7 51.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.7 * 8.5 8.5 72.6 75.4 52.6 61.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 12.9 14.4 5.0 4.6 83.9 80.3 50.8 52.3
Two or More Races 15.5 11.3 5.6 4.2 82.9 77.4 60.6 60.1
Hispanic or Latino 11.9 11.8 4.9 5.6 77.1 76.3 61.2 62.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11.0 10.7 4.8 4.9 79.4 78.3 60.8 60.5
Small Metro 11.4 12.0 4.8 4.7 80.0 78.4 58.9 58.9
Nonmetro 12.8 12.3 5.1 4.4 78.2a 75.8 58.1 57.9
80414
Table 3.11A – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 5,707 5,611 4,292b 3,857 2,004 1,841
AGE            
12-13 1,915 1,813 1,347b 1,132 535 530
14-15 2,127 2,054 1,546 1,394 791b 644
16-17 1,665 1,744 1,399 1,330 678 667
GENDER            
Male 3,351 3,313 2,399b 2,163 1,274 1,184
Female 2,357 2,299 1,894b 1,694 730 657
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,557 4,468 3,343b 3,075 1,577 1,530
White 3,010 2,916 2,246a 2,063 975 918
Black or African American 1,186 1,211 846 782 471 502
American Indian or Alaska Native 50 49 32 31 11 8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 180 146 122 108 73 55
Two or More Races 110 122 72 81 37 42
Hispanic or Latino 1,151 1,143 950b 781 427b 311
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3,035 3,073 2,317a 2,069 1,110 1,013
Small Metro 1,720 1,608 1,285a 1,122 596 542
Nonmetro 953 930 691 666 298 286
80414
Table 3.11B – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously Hurt Them
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 22.6 22.3 17.0b 15.4 7.9 7.3
AGE            
12-13 23.9 22.4 16.8b 14.0 6.7 6.5
14-15 24.2 24.2 17.6 16.5 9.0a 7.6
16-17 19.6 20.4 16.5 15.6 8.0 7.8
GENDER            
Male 26.0 25.8 18.6b 16.9 9.9 9.2
Female 19.0 18.7 15.3a 13.8 5.9 5.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 21.9 21.8 16.1a 15.0 7.6 7.5
White 19.8 19.4 14.8 13.8 6.4 6.1
Black or African American 30.6 31.7 21.9 20.4 12.2 13.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 37.2 29.6 23.6 18.7 7.9 4.8
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 17.5 14.4 12.0 10.6 7.1 5.4
Two or More Races 26.6 29.2 17.4 19.4 9.0 10.1
Hispanic or Latino 25.3 24.6 20.9b 16.8 9.4b 6.7
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 22.3 22.6 17.0b 15.2 8.1 7.4
Small Metro 22.7 21.8 16.9a 15.2 7.9 7.4
Nonmetro 23.3 22.4 16.9 16.1 7.3 6.9
80414
Table 3.12A – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 803 838 835a 728 1,204a 1,073
AGE            
12-13 182 158 40 42 162 159
14-15 275 316 272 245 472a 382
16-17 346 364 522 441 570 533
GENDER            
Male 678 710 596 540 781 717
Female 125 128 239 188 423 357
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 666 683 680 617 945 875
White 487 490 468 456 673a 580
Black or African American 147 140 154 121 199 215
American Indian or Alaska Native 10 8 7 9 6 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 6 26 19 16 33 38
Two or More Races 13 18 29a 11 26 25
Hispanic or Latino 137 155 155 112 259 198
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 393 365 445 396 702 606
Small Metro 251 292 271 228 344 333
Nonmetro 159 182 119 105 158 134
80414
Table 3.12B – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3.2 3.3 3.3 2.9 4.8 4.3
AGE            
12-13 2.3 2.0 0.5 0.5 2.0 2.0
14-15 3.1 3.7 3.1 2.9 5.4 4.5
16-17 4.1 4.3 6.2a 5.2 6.7 6.2
GENDER            
Male 5.2 5.5 4.6 4.2 6.0 5.6
Female 1.0 1.0 1.9 1.5 3.4 2.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.0 4.5 4.3
White 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0 4.4 3.9
Black or African American 3.8 3.7 4.0 3.2 5.1 5.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 7.7 4.5 5.1 5.4 4.8 6.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 0.5 2.5 1.9 1.6 3.2 3.7
Two or More Races 3.1 4.3 7.0a 2.5 6.3 6.0
Hispanic or Latino 3.0 3.3 3.4 2.4 5.7a 4.3
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2.9 2.7 3.3 2.9 5.1 4.5
Small Metro 3.3 4.0 3.6 3.1 4.5 4.5
Nonmetro 3.9 4.4 2.9 2.5 3.8 3.2
80414
Table 3.13A – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 6,312 6,144 5,763 5,540 3,879a 3,659 24,041b 23,826 7,865 7,740
AGE                    
12-13 2,042 2,127 1,332 1,376 432 404 7,620 7,698 2,440 2,415
14-15 2,214 2,100 2,234a 2,014 1,433a 1,252 8,345 8,053 2,842 2,702
16-17 2,056 1,917 2,196 2,151 2,014 2,004 8,076 8,075 2,583 2,623
GENDER                    
Male 3,229 3,162 2,334 2,314 2,267 2,223 12,216 12,174 3,661 3,648
Female 3,083 2,983 3,429a 3,226 1,612b 1,436 11,825b 11,653 4,203 4,092
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,937 4,789 4,876 4,734 3,117a 2,877 19,718b 19,468 6,873 6,737
White 3,064 2,927 4,052 3,905 2,232b 1,985 14,501 14,339 5,311 5,189
Black or African American 1,422 1,439 477 504 663 694 3,665 3,578 1,138 1,053
American Indian or Alaska Native 60 44 25 * 28 36 * 151 19 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 247 214 199 173 112 72 926 938 285 310
Two or More Races 105 138 109 109 72 77 398 397 90 123
Hispanic or Latino 1,374 1,356 886 807 761 782 4,323 4,358 992 1,004
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 3,299 3,294 3,057 3,015 2,260 2,078 12,940 12,879 3,891 3,872
Small Metro 2,021 1,845 1,786a 1,600 1,154 1,090 7,212 7,008 2,527 2,406
Nonmetro 992 1,006 920 926 464 491 3,889 3,939 1,446 1,463
80414
Table 3.13B – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 25.4 25.0 22.9 22.3 15.3 14.5 96.6 96.4 31.7 31.4
AGE                    
12-13 26.3 27.2 16.8 17.2 5.4 5.0 97.0 97.0 31.6 30.9
14-15 25.5 25.2 25.6 24.0 16.3a 14.7 96.6 96.4 32.8 32.5
16-17 24.4 22.7 26.0 25.3 23.7 23.4 96.2 95.9 30.7 30.9
GENDER                    
Male 25.4 25.2 18.2 18.2 17.5 17.3 96.2 96.3 28.9 29.1
Female 25.3 24.8 27.9 26.5 13.0a 11.6 97.0 96.5 34.6 33.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 24.1 23.8 23.7 23.3 15.0a 14.0 96.6 96.7 33.7 33.4
White 20.4 19.8 26.9 26.3 14.7b 13.2 96.8 97.0 35.5 35.2
Black or African American 37.8 38.8 12.4 13.3 17.1 18.1 96.1 95.7 30.1 28.0
American Indian or Alaska Native 45.7a 28.3 18.2 * 20.4 21.9 * 96.2 14.6 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 24.3 21.5 19.5 17.3 10.9 7.1 96.0 94.9 28.7 31.0
Two or More Races 26.1 33.6 26.6 26.4 17.4 18.3 96.9 97.2 22.3 30.0
Hispanic or Latino 31.0 30.1 19.6 17.6 16.8 16.8 96.5 95.5 22.4 22.3
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 24.6 24.7 22.6 22.4 16.6a 15.2 96.6 96.5 29.1 29.0
Small Metro 27.1 25.5 23.7a 21.9 15.2 14.7 96.7 96.4 34.0 33.3
Nonmetro 24.6 24.8 22.7 22.4 11.3 11.8 96.3 96.3 36.2 35.8
80414
Table 3.14A – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 19,069a 18,734 16,919 16,819 8,684 8,585
AGE            
12-13 6,389 6,445 5,777 5,911 3,207 3,113
14-15 6,569 6,274 5,874 5,622 2,983 2,831
16-17 6,111 6,014 5,267 5,286 2,494 2,641
GENDER            
Male 9,433a 9,218 8,369 8,336 4,332 4,267
Female 9,636 9,516 8,550 8,483 4,352 4,318
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,471a 15,220 13,800 13,761 7,114 7,066
White 11,016 10,819 9,773 9,725 4,933 4,825
Black or African American 3,219 3,115 2,949 2,866 1,651 1,626
American Indian or Alaska Native 107 131 * 119 59 73
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 757 807 665 740 319 358
Two or More Races 283 292 243 263 116 156
Hispanic or Latino 3,597 3,514 3,119 3,058 1,570 1,519
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 10,218 9,996 8,949 8,881 4,345 4,241
Small Metro 5,681 5,585 5,082 5,053 2,625 2,657
Nonmetro 3,170 3,153 2,888 2,884 1,714 1,687
80414
Table 3.14B – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Youth's Life Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's Decision Making in Life It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 77.0 76.1 68.3 68.4 35.1 35.1
AGE            
12-13 82.7 82.0 74.9 75.6 41.8 40.1
14-15 75.8 75.6 67.8 67.6 34.5 34.2
16-17 72.9 71.1 62.7 62.5 29.7 31.2
GENDER            
Male 74.8 73.6 66.3 66.7 34.5 34.3
Female 79.3 78.7 70.4 70.2 35.8 35.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 76.0 75.6 67.8 68.5 35.0 35.3
White 73.8 73.3 65.4 65.9 33.1 32.8
Black or African American 85.4 83.4 78.1 77.2 43.7 43.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 80.5 84.2 * 76.3 44.7 47.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 75.0 81.1 66.3a 74.3 31.5 36.3
Two or More Races 69.8 71.1 60.1 64.4 28.6a 38.1
Hispanic or Latino 81.4a 78.1 70.6 67.9 35.8 34.1
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 76.6a 75.0 67.1 66.7 32.6 32.0
Small Metro 76.5 77.4 68.4 70.1 35.4 36.9
Nonmetro 79.0 77.3 72.2 70.8 43.1 41.8
80414
Table 3.15A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know They Had Done
a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something They
Had Done
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 22,136 22,073 9,936 9,939 21,917a 21,645 21,755a 21,541
AGE                
12-13 7,005 7,171 4,099 4,261 7,326 7,343 7,269 7,343
14-15 7,698 7,473 3,436 3,234 7,524 7,175 7,475 7,164
16-17 7,433 7,430 2,401 2,443 7,067 7,127 7,011 7,034
GENDER                
Male 11,267 11,272 5,061 5,001 11,311 11,244 11,275 11,174
Female 10,869 10,801 4,875 4,938 10,607a 10,401 10,480 10,367
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 18,219a 18,017 7,819 7,787 18,053b 17,736 17,966b 17,634
White 13,212 13,073 5,566 5,521 13,314 13,091 13,330 13,005
Black or African American 3,557 3,534 1,471 1,477 3,355 3,286 3,290 3,270
American Indian or Alaska Native 111 152 45 * 112 140 111 139
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 880 827 520 512 826 822 783 813
Two or More Races 352 364 161 161 345 340 360 351
Hispanic or Latino 3,917b 4,057 2,117 2,151 3,864 3,909 3,789a 3,907
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,871 11,934 5,601 5,716 11,827 11,702 11,742 11,693
Small Metro 6,708 6,470 2,924 2,701 6,528 6,340 6,461 6,261
Nonmetro 3,558 3,670 1,411 1,522 3,562 3,603 3,552 3,587
80414
Table 3.15B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know They Had Done
a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something They
Had Done
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 87.5 87.8 39.4 39.7 86.6 86.2 86.0 85.7
AGE                
12-13 87.6 88.6 51.4 52.9 91.4 90.8 90.6 90.7
14-15 87.6 88.1 39.2 38.3 85.6 84.8 85.1 84.5
16-17 87.4 86.9 28.3 28.6 83.2 83.3 82.6 82.2
GENDER                
Male 87.4 87.9 39.3 39.1 87.6 87.7 87.3 87.2
Female 87.7 87.8 39.5 40.3 85.6 84.6 84.6 84.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 87.8 87.9 37.8 38.1 86.9 86.6 86.5 86.1
White 87.0 87.2 36.7 37.0 87.6 87.3 87.6 86.7
Black or African American 91.9 92.4 38.1 38.7 86.6 86.1 85.0 85.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 81.4a 92.8 33.2 * 82.8 87.6 81.5 87.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 85.6 81.5 50.7 50.4 80.1 81.1 76.8 80.0
Two or More Races 85.3 86.9 39.0 38.6 83.3 81.2 87.0 84.2
Hispanic or Latino 86.3 87.5 46.8 46.6 85.2 84.2 83.5 84.1
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 87.2 87.7 41.2 42.1 86.8 86.1 86.2 85.9
Small Metro 88.5 87.8 38.7 36.8 86.1 86.1 85.3 85.0
Nonmetro 86.9 88.5 34.6 36.9 87.0 86.6 86.7 86.4
80414
Table 3.16A – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3 Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4 Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 3,117 3,215 17,884 17,601 18,883 18,943 1,494 1,422 18,746 18,888
AGE                    
12-13 766 830 5,697 5,712 5,909 6,097 366 320 5,982 6,267
14-15 1,111 1,053 6,461 6,236 6,658 6,440 570 552 6,495 6,298
16-17 1,240 1,332 5,726 5,654 6,316 6,407 558 550 6,269 6,323
GENDER                    
Male 1,816 1,943 8,932 8,852 9,413 9,458 909 906 9,603 9,622
Female 1,301 1,272 8,952 8,749 9,470 9,486 585 515 9,144 9,266
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,382 2,406 14,914 14,534 15,518 15,524 1,167 1,113 15,495 15,510
White 1,763 1,781 11,066 10,821 11,369 11,326 814 744 11,393 11,303
Black or African American 421 443 2,641 2,477 2,908 2,882 266 285 2,891 2,911
American Indian or Alaska Native 13 18 74 * 93 * * * 90 131
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 114 101 755 779 774 841 32 19 749 813
Two or More Races 57 53 312 300 298 313 31 36 305 310
Hispanic or Latino 734 809 2,970 3,068 3,364 3,419 327 308 3,251 3,378
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 1,716 1,808 9,672 9,633 10,197 10,408 825 727 10,213 10,431
Small Metro 922 942 5,346 5,116 5,690 5,496 434 456 5,570 5,457
Nonmetro 479 465 2,865 2,852 2,995 3,040 236 238 2,963 3,000
80414
Table 3.16B – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or Fewer Activities2 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School3 Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower4 Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work5
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
4 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
5 Response categories for the Teacher Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 13.4 13.8 76.9a 75.8 80.9 81.0 6.7 6.3 80.4 80.9
AGE                    
12-13 10.9 11.4 81.4b 78.8 83.8 83.6 5.5 4.7 84.9 86.1
14-15 13.5 13.2 78.9 78.9 81.0 80.7 7.2 7.2 79.1 79.0
16-17 15.4 16.5 71.1 70.0 78.2 79.0 7.1 6.9 77.7 78.0
GENDER                    
Male 15.2 16.3 75.0 74.5 78.7 78.9 8.0 7.9 80.3 80.4
Female 11.4 11.2 78.9a 77.2 83.2 83.3 5.3 4.7 80.4 81.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.3 12.5 77.0a 75.8 79.9 80.4 6.3 6.0 79.8 80.4
White 12.2 12.4 76.6 75.8 78.5 78.9 5.8 5.4 78.7 78.8
Black or African American 12.4 13.1 78.0b 73.5 85.5 85.0 8.2 8.9 84.9 85.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 11.7 11.8 64.5 * 81.3 * * * 78.4 87.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 12.2 10.8 81.5 83.5 83.2 89.1 3.6 2.1 80.5a 86.5
Two or More Races 14.3 13.2 78.5 75.0 74.8 78.0 8.0 9.3 76.5 77.4
Hispanic or Latino 18.8 19.8 76.4 75.6 85.9 83.7 8.8 7.9 83.0 82.9
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 13.7 14.3 77.4 76.5 81.3 82.1 6.9 6.0 81.4 82.4
Small Metro 13.1 13.8 76.1 75.0 80.8 80.1 6.4 6.9 79.2 79.6
Nonmetro 12.8 12.1 76.7 74.7 79.7 79.2 6.5 6.4 79.1 78.1
80414
Table 3.17A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked
That Youth Did
Homework
Parents Provided
Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a
School Night
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 18,531 18,548 18,577 18,842 15,948 16,236
AGE            
12-13 6,299 6,487 6,343 6,522 5,058 5,325
14-15 6,564 6,358 6,575 6,469 5,742 5,614
16-17 5,668 5,703 5,660 5,850 5,148 5,297
GENDER            
Male 9,788 9,920 9,656 9,857 7,962 8,114
Female 8,743 8,628 8,921 8,985 7,986 8,122
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 15,362 15,236 15,642 15,754 13,203 13,309
White 11,453 11,233 11,902 11,810 9,779 9,859
Black or African American 2,757 2,778 2,654 2,747 2,412 2,369
American Indian or Alaska Native * 134 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 702 724 635 715 625 667
Two or More Races 299 318 304 319 268 272
Hispanic or Latino 3,169 3,311 2,935 3,087 2,745 2,927
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 9,910 10,087 9,888 10,179 8,658 8,850
Small Metro 5,604 5,405 5,606 5,518 4,815 4,727
Nonmetro 3,017 3,056 3,083 3,144 2,475 2,659
80414
Table 3.17B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Checked
That Youth Did
Homework
Parents Provided
Help with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a
School Night
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parent Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 79.5 79.5 79.8 80.9 69.1a 70.4
AGE            
12-13 89.5 89.1 90.1 89.6 73.3 74.7
14-15 80.0 79.8 80.3 81.5 70.5 71.3
16-17 70.4 70.5 70.4 72.4 64.1 65.5
GENDER            
Male 82.1 82.9 81.1a 82.6 67.5 68.7
Female 76.9 75.8 78.5 79.1 70.8 72.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 79.2 79.1 80.8a 81.9 68.7 69.9
White 79.2 78.4 82.4 82.5 68.3 69.5
Black or African American 81.1 82.3 78.2b 81.6 71.4 71.0
American Indian or Alaska Native * 89.5 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 75.4 76.8 68.5a 76.2 67.8 71.8
Two or More Races 74.9 79.2 76.3 79.6 68.5 68.2
Hispanic or Latino 81.1 81.2 75.2 75.9 71.1 72.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 79.1 79.6 79.1a 80.7 69.8 70.8
Small Metro 79.7 79.1 79.9 80.6 69.1 69.8
Nonmetro 80.6 79.7 82.4 82.1 66.7a 70.1
80414
Table 3.18A – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least
Once a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 6,435a 6,026 5,113 5,114 10,227 9,952 4,246 4,142
AGE                
12-13 550 532 276 263 776 754 218 167
14-15 2,428b 2,130 1,815 1,746 3,770a 3,517 1,374 1,272
16-17 3,457 3,365 3,022 3,105 5,681 5,680 2,653 2,703
GENDER                
Male 2,742 2,591 2,243 2,292 4,565 4,455 1,733 1,761
Female 3,693a 3,435 2,870 2,822 5,662 5,497 2,513 2,382
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,353a 5,000 4,231 4,120 8,494 8,201 3,511 3,390
White 3,924a 3,671 2,858 2,804 6,478 6,317 2,645 2,556
Black or African American 1,111 1,029 1,126 1,055 1,419 1,320 634 615
American Indian or Alaska Native 34 * 23 27 35 * 24 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 148 113 112 113 333 304 109 116
Two or More Races 102 118 91 103 188 174 75 64
Hispanic or Latino 1,082 1,027 883 995 1,733 1,751 735 752
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 3,265a 2,972 2,929 2,881 5,468 5,258 2,252 2,177
Small Metro 2,019 1,898 1,558 1,571 3,082 2,996 1,312 1,245
Nonmetro 1,151 1,157 625 662 1,677 1,698 682 721
80414
Table 3.18B – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2006 and 2007
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least
Once a Week
2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007 2006 2007
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All" or "Most of Them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2007 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
TOTAL 28.5b 26.7 23.1 23.1 45.5 44.3 19.2 18.7
AGE                
12-13 8.2 7.7 4.2 3.9 11.7 11.1 3.3a 2.5
14-15 30.4b 27.5 23.3 23.2 47.4 45.7 17.7 16.9
16-17 43.5 42.2 38.5 39.4 71.7 71.4 33.8 34.3
GENDER                
Male 23.8 22.4 19.8 20.2 39.9 38.8 15.4 15.5
Female 33.3a 31.2 26.4 26.2 51.2 50.1 23.1 22.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 28.5a 26.8 22.9 22.5 45.4 44.3 19.1 18.5
White 28.0a 26.4 20.7 20.6 46.3 45.8 19.2 18.7
Black or African American 33.8 31.4 34.7 32.8 43.5 40.7 19.7 19.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 30.4 * 21.3 21.0 31.3 * 22.3 *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 16.5 12.5 13.0 12.9 37.3 33.7 12.7 13.0
Two or More Races 26.1 30.2 24.1 26.5 48.7 44.3 19.9 16.8
Hispanic or Latino 28.4 26.0 23.8 25.7 45.8 44.4 19.7 19.4
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 26.9b 24.3 24.6 24.1 45.3a 43.3 19.0 18.2
Small Metro 29.5 28.6 23.3 24.0 45.4 45.3 19.6 19.1
Nonmetro 31.6 31.1 17.5 18.2 46.2 46.0 19.1 19.8
80414
Table 3.19A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Perceptions of Risk1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
CIGARETTES                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 1,439 947 989 680 1,303 1,159 1,504 931
MARIJUANA                
Smoke Once a Month 341 2,052 123 1,550 373 2,095 377 2,067
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 509 1,885 201 1,472 569 1,898 621 1,821
COCAINE                
Use Once a Month 1,157 1,215 810 844 1,239 1,196 1,266 1,157
Use Once or Twice a Week 1,727 647 1,233 424 1,852 585 1,879 547
HEROIN                
Try Once or Twice 1,596 775 1,179 478 1,698 732 1,674 746
Use Once or Twice a Week 2,013 355 1,476 180 2,110 321 2,136 284
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 1,150 1,159 818 800 1,282 1,106 1,244 1,139
Use Once or Twice a Week 1,616 699 1,174 450 1,773 611 1,800 586
ALCOHOL                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 1,106 1,279 731 938 1,062 1,391 1,025 1,415
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 662 1,722 416 1,249 592 1,858 487 1,950
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana 2,016 371 1,585 95 2,123 349 2,165 277
Cocaine 1,071 1,280 808 837 1,091 1,329 1,044 1,365
Crack 843 1,491 581 1,050 849 1,561 822 1,584
Heroin 464 1,858 319 1,306 489 1,908 471 1,926
LSD 598 1,709 427 1,193 667 1,713 620 1,756
80414
Table 3.19B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Risk Perceptions of Substance Use Behaviors and Perceived Ease of Obtaining Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2007
Perceptions of Risk1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk Great Risk Moderate/ Slight/No Risk
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
CIGARETTES                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 8.4 12.2 5.8 8.7 7.6 14.9 8.7 12.0
MARIJUANA                
Smoke Once a Month 4.0 12.6 1.4 9.5 4.4 12.9 4.4 12.7
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 3.7 16.7 1.5 13.0 4.2 16.8 4.6 16.1
COCAINE                
Use Once a Month 9.4 9.8 6.6 6.8 10.1 9.6 10.3 9.3
Use Once or Twice a Week 8.8 12.4 6.3 8.1 9.5 11.2 9.6 10.5
HEROIN                
Try Once or Twice 11.4 7.3 8.4 4.5 12.1 6.9 12.0 7.1
Use Once or Twice a Week 10.1 7.6 7.4 3.9 10.6 6.9 10.7 6.1
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 9.5 10.0 6.7 6.9 10.6 9.6 10.3 9.8
Use Once or Twice a Week 9.2 11.4 6.7 7.3 10.1 10.0 10.2 9.5
ALCOHOL                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 6.8 14.7 4.5 10.8 6.5 16.0 6.3 16.3
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 6.7 11.4 4.2 8.3 6.0 12.3 5.0 12.9
Perceived Availability1
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Fairly/
Very Easy
Fairly/Very Difficult/ Impossible
Marijuana 16.8 3.0 13.2 0.8 17.6 2.8 18.0 2.2
Cocaine 18.1 7.0 13.7 4.6 18.5 7.3 17.7 7.5
Crack 13.8 8.3 9.5 5.8 13.9 8.7 13.5 8.8
Heroin 13.7 9.0 9.4 6.3 14.4 9.3 13.9 9.4
LSD 17.7 8.5 12.7 5.9 19.8 8.5 18.4 8.7
80414
Table 3.20A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF PARENTS' FEELINGS
ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,813 541 1,230 427 1,638 815 1,909 513
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,636 721 1,031 627 1,694 759 1,776 645
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 1,738 622 1,112 549 1,860 594 1,916 506
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,793 567 1,229 430 1,789 662 1,727 693
80414
Table 3.20B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
Strongly Disapprove Somewhat Disapprove/
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF PARENTS' FEELINGS
ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 7.9 27.5 5.4 21.7 7.2 41.5 8.4 26.1
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 7.2 32.3 4.6 28.1 7.5 34.0 7.9 28.9
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 7.5 37.1 4.8 32.8 8.0 35.4 8.3 30.2
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 8.0 22.0 5.5 16.7 8.0 25.7 7.8 26.9
80414
Table 3.21A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF CLOSE FRIENDS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,613 748 1,074 587 1,523 925 1,720 703
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,054 1,304 547 1,109 1,176 1,269 1,162 1,263
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 1,053 1,303 542 1,115 1,208 1,235 1,236 1,188
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,421 938 909 749 1,405 1,041 1,376 1,050
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 1,754 612 1,179 485 1,574 872 1,846 572
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,036 1,324 507 1,150 1,118 1,326 1,180 1,239
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 994 1,372 481 1,178 1,117 1,329 1,172 1,247
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 1,514 851 984 678 1,491 960 1,472 951
80414
Table 3.21B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2007
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove Strongly/
Somewhat Disapprove
Neither Approve Nor Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
YOUTHS' PERCEPTIONS
OF CLOSE FRIENDS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTHS…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 7.4 24.7 4.9 19.3 7.0 30.5 7.9 23.2
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 5.1 30.7 2.7 26.1 5.7 29.9 5.6 29.8
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 5.0 33.5 2.6 28.6 5.8 31.7 5.9 30.5
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 6.8 24.4 4.3 19.5 6.7 27.1 6.6 27.3
YOUTHS' FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day 7.9 23.9 5.3 18.9 7.1 34.1 8.3 22.4
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 5.1 30.3 2.5 26.4 5.4 30.4 5.8 28.4
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month or More 4.8 32.2 2.3 27.7 5.4 31.2 5.7 29.3
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Nearly Every Day 7.0 25.4 4.6 20.3 6.9 28.7 6.8 28.4
80414
Table 3.22A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR                
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 423 1,951 276 1,387 448 2,005 393 2,031
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 317 2,061 204 1,457 298 2,159 245 2,185
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 295 2,076 179 1,478 277 2,175 229 2,193
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 267 2,111 175 1,486 255 2,199 224 2,207
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 172 2,193 128 1,526 192 2,258 163 2,263
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 1,782 586 1,238 411 1,852 592 1,866 550
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 1,276 1,092 922 736 1,339 1,110 1,372 1,047
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 924 1,459 659 1,004 960 1,499 912 1,519
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 778 1,603 570 1,094 763 1,698 785 1,649
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 479 1,900 351 1,309 460 2,007 406 2,026
Carried a Handgun 211 2,167 185 1,474 243 2,212 203 2,223
Sold Illegal Drugs 496 1,885 465 1,196 442 2,019 374 2,058
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 392 1,986 324 1,334 378 2,085 340 2,090
80414
Table 3.22B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youths' Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youths' Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2007
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "No" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR                
Participated in Problem-Solving, Communication, or Self-Esteem Group 7.6 10.2 5.0 7.3 8.1 10.5 7.1 10.6
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 8.1 9.8 5.2 6.9 7.6 10.2 6.3 10.4
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Program 10.2 9.4 6.2 6.7 9.6 9.8 7.9 9.9
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug Prevention Program Outside of School 9.4 9.5 6.2 6.7 9.0 9.9 7.9 9.9
Participated in Program to Help Deal with Drug or Alcohol Use 14.5 9.2 10.8 6.4 16.2 9.5 13.7 9.5
Saw or Heard Drug or Alcohol Prevention Message from Sources Outside School 9.2 10.6 6.4 7.5 9.5 10.7 9.6 10.0
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco, Alcohol, or Drug Use 8.6 10.9 6.2 7.3 9.0 11.0 9.3 10.4
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 16.5 7.5 11.7 5.1 17.1 7.7 16.2 7.8
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 20.2 7.5 14.8 5.1 19.8 8.0 20.3 7.8
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Harm or Seriously Hurt Them 26.0 8.1 19.1 5.6 25.0 8.6 22.1 8.7
Carried a Handgun 25.2 8.9 22.1 6.1 29.0 9.1 24.3 9.1
Sold Illegal Drugs 68.0 7.7 63.9 4.9 60.6 8.3 51.3 8.4
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More Than $50 36.6 8.2 30.2 5.5 35.3 8.7 31.6 8.7
80414
Table 3.23A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 778 1,554 553 1,076 795 1,608 623 1,769
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 869 1,510 617 1,043 919 1,529 869 1,554
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 1,164 1,242 948 736 1,109 1,367 1,112 1,334
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 2,177 152 1,535 101 2,237 165 2,252 147
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 450 1,905 268 1,378 414 2,016 474 1,936
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 1,378 956 864 759 1,377 1,018 1,433 958
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 1,144 1,196 664 963 1,096 1,314 1,159 1,237
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 560 1,778 290 1,333 503 1,899 526 1,862
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 2,009 377 1,394 270 2,061 392 2,030 404
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 599 1,785 362 1,300 552 1,901 517 1,916
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 1,824 558 1,261 400 1,888 568 1,891 544
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 1,778 607 1,225 437 1,865 589 1,857 577
80414
Table 3.23B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parent Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2007
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Feelings, and Parent Involvement1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "No" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parent Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5 Years 12.7 8.4 9.0 5.8 12.9 8.7 10.1 9.6
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or More Times in the Past Year 15.7 7.8 11.1 5.4 16.6 7.9 15.7 8.0
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling Drugs in the Past Month 31.8 5.8 25.9 3.4 30.3 6.3 30.4 6.2
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about Problems4 9.1 17.2 6.4 11.5 9.4 18.7 9.5 16.7
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services in the Past Year5 5.8 11.3 3.5 8.2 5.3 11.9 6.1 11.5
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part of Their Life 7.4 16.3 4.6 12.9 7.4 17.3 7.6 16.3
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That Their Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making in Life 6.8 15.4 4.0 12.4 6.5 16.9 6.9 15.9
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is Important for Friends to Share Religious Beliefs 6.5 11.2 3.4 8.4 5.9 11.9 6.1 11.7
PARENT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do Chores around the House 9.1 12.3 6.3 8.9 9.3 12.8 9.2 13.2
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount of Time Youth Watched TV 6.0 11.8 3.6 8.6 5.6 12.6 5.2 12.7
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Had Done a Good Job 8.4 16.1 5.8 11.5 8.7 16.4 8.7 15.7
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Proud of Something They Had Done 8.3 16.9 5.7 12.2 8.7 16.4 8.6 16.1
80414
Table 3.24A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2007
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 483 1,744 400 1,190 591 1,734 452 1,854
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 1,535 676 1,062 513 1,560 752 1,578 717
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 1,478 764 1,027 576 1,501 839 1,583 730
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 302 1,874 229 1,330 359 1,920 269 2,005
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 1,620 621 1,162 440 1,672 663 1,700 612
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 1,465 765 1,010 582 1,448 885 1,434 875
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 1,519 715 1,059 535 1,603 726 1,493 816
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 1,408 819 1,025 568 1,462 869 1,383 927
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 1,140 1,066 883 701 1,349 933 1,175 1,110
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 1,276 930 1,055 529 1,190 1,062 1,235 1,045
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 1,580 625 1,219 363 1,702 569 1,912 371
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 878 1,310 696 880 917 1,340 1,049 1,225
80414
Table 3.24B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2007
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Illicit Drugs2 Marijuana Cigarettes Binge Alcohol3
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, based on data from original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response options include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "No" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
7 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
8 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "No" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
9 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All," "Most of them," "Few," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All" or "Most of them" and "No" if they reported "Few" or "None of them."
10 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 15.0 8.7 12.4 5.9 18.4 8.6 14.0 9.2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were Seen or Heard in School 8.7 12.0 6.0 9.1 8.9 13.4 9.0 12.8
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to School6 7.8 17.2 5.4 13.0 7.9 18.9 8.4 16.5
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was "D" or Lower7 21.2 8.9 16.1 6.3 25.3 9.1 18.9 9.5
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,8                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know They Were Doing a Good Job with School Work 8.6 13.9 6.2 9.8 8.9 14.8 9.0 13.7
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That Youth Did Homework 7.9 16.0 5.4 12.2 7.8 18.5 7.7 18.3
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with Homework 8.1 16.0 5.6 12.0 8.5 16.3 7.9 18.3
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night 8.7 12.0 6.3 8.3 9.0 12.7 8.5 13.6
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL9,10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Smoke Cigarettes 18.9 6.4 14.7 4.2 22.4 5.6 19.5 6.7
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use Marijuana or Hashish 24.9 5.5 20.6 3.1 23.3 6.2 24.1 6.1
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Drink Alcoholic Beverages 15.9 5.0 12.2 2.9 17.1 4.6 19.2 3.0
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get Drunk at Least Once a Week 21.2 7.3 16.8 4.9 22.1 7.4 25.3 6.8

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