2008-2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands)
(50 States and the District of Columbia)

Revised Mental Illness Estimates: The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has been publishing State estimates of the prevalence (both percentages and estimated counts) of past year serious mental illness (SMI) and any mental illness (AMI) among adults aged 18 or older since the release of the 2008-2009 State small area estimation (SAE) report. Estimates were based on a model developed in 2008. In 2013, SAMHSA developed a more accurate model for the 2012 data. This revised model incorporates the NSDUH respondent's age and indicators of past year suicide thoughts and depression, along with the variables that were specified in the 2008 model (Kessler-6 [K6] questions on psychological distress and an abbreviated set of questions on impairment in carrying out activities from the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule [WHODAS]), leading to more accurate estimates of SMI and AMI. The SMI and AMI tables in this document include estimates that have been revised based on the new model. Other mental health measures in these tables, such as major depressive episode (MDE) and serious thoughts of suicide, were not affected. For further information on the revised model, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.

121028
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 21,027 (20,402 - 21,668) 2,398 (2,310 - 2,489) 6,833 (6,643 - 7,027) 11,796 (11,250 - 12,365) 18,629 (18,017 - 19,259)
Northeast 4,152 (3,924 - 4,394) 437 (408 - 468) 1,472 (1,401 - 1,546) 2,243 (2,033 - 2,474) 3,715 (3,491 - 3,953)
Midwest 4,281 (4,079 - 4,488) 526 (497 - 556) 1,417 (1,350 - 1,487) 2,338 (2,148 - 2,542) 3,755 (3,559 - 3,958)
South 6,826 (6,509 - 7,161) 794 (750 - 842) 2,198 (2,092 - 2,308) 3,834 (3,528 - 4,165) 6,032 (5,721 - 6,361)
West 5,767 (5,441 - 6,109) 641 (596 - 688) 1,746 (1,652 - 1,843) 3,381 (3,079 - 3,709) 5,126 (4,808 - 5,462)
Alabama 274 (231 - 325) 35 (29 - 42) 93   (79 - 109) 146 (112 - 190) 239 (197 - 289)
Alaska 74 (63 - 87) 7 (6 - 8) 22 (19 - 25) 45 (36 - 57) 68 (57 - 80)
Arizona 501 (417 - 601) 54 (45 - 66) 142 (120 - 168) 304 (234 - 393) 447 (365 - 545)
Arkansas 184 (155 - 218) 22 (18 - 26) 56 (48 - 66) 105   (81 - 136) 162 (134 - 195)
California 3,009 (2,747 - 3,291) 339 (304 - 378) 944    (870 - 1,024) 1,725 (1,490 - 1,994) 2,670 (2,413 - 2,949)
Colorado 461 (392 - 540) 47 (39 - 55) 144 (125 - 165) 270 (213 - 342) 415 (347 - 492)
Connecticut 260 (219 - 305) 30 (24 - 36) 90   (78 - 104) 140 (107 - 182) 230 (191 - 275)
Delaware 63 (53 - 74) 7 (6 - 9) 24 (21 - 27) 32 (24 - 43) 56 (46 - 67)
District of Columbia 53 (45 - 63) 4 (3 - 5) 19 (16 - 22) 30 (23 - 39) 49 (41 - 59)
Florida 1,238 (1,114 - 1,379) 122 (108 - 138) 328 (297 - 362) 788 (672 - 922) 1,116    (994 - 1,255)
Georgia 615 (514 - 736) 67 (55 - 82) 200 (169 - 234) 348 (266 - 455) 548 (449 - 667)
Hawaii 125 (105 - 149) 9   (8 - 12) 31 (26 - 36) 85   (67 - 107) 115   (96 - 139)
Idaho 101   (85 - 119) 13 (11 - 16) 29 (25 - 34) 58 (46 - 74) 88   (73 - 105)
Illinois 824 (746 - 908) 105   (93 - 118) 278 (254 - 303) 441 (373 - 520) 718 (643 - 802)
Indiana 445 (376 - 527) 56 (47 - 67) 135 (114 - 160) 254 (197 - 325) 389 (322 - 469)
Iowa 132 (109 - 158) 22 (18 - 27) 45 (36 - 55) 65 (48 - 87) 110   (88 - 135)
Kansas 160 (131 - 194) 20 (17 - 25) 52 (43 - 63) 87   (65 - 116) 139 (112 - 172)
Kentucky 261 (216 - 315) 27 (22 - 34) 78 (65 - 92) 155 (118 - 203) 233 (190 - 286)
Louisiana 257 (214 - 307) 27 (22 - 34) 99   (84 - 116) 130   (98 - 173) 229 (188 - 278)
Maine 126 (107 - 147) 11   (9 - 13) 36 (31 - 40) 79 (63 - 99) 115   (97 - 136)
Maryland 333 (271 - 409) 43 (35 - 53) 116   (96 - 140) 174 (127 - 238) 291 (231 - 365)
Massachusetts 602 (514 - 703) 55 (46 - 66) 212 (184 - 242) 335 (263 - 424) 547 (461 - 645)
Michigan 791 (720 - 870) 91   (81 - 101) 243 (225 - 262) 458 (393 - 532) 701 (631 - 779)
Minnesota 301 (250 - 360) 34 (27 - 42) 109   (92 - 128) 158 (118 - 210) 267 (218 - 324)
Mississippi 147 (122 - 176) 22 (18 - 27) 50 (41 - 60) 75   (56 - 100) 125 (101 - 153)
Missouri 370 (307 - 445) 39 (31 - 48) 121 (102 - 143) 210 (159 - 275) 331 (270 - 404)
Montana 78 (66 - 92) 9   (7 - 10) 26 (23 - 29) 44 (34 - 56) 69 (58 - 83)
Nebraska 97   (82 - 115) 13 (10 - 15) 36 (30 - 42) 49 (38 - 64) 85   (70 - 102)
Nevada 213 (179 - 254) 27 (23 - 32) 57 (49 - 66) 129 (100 - 166) 186 (153 - 226)
New Hampshire 125 (108 - 146) 12 (10 - 15) 41 (35 - 46) 73 (57 - 91) 113   (96 - 134)
New Jersey 485 (402 - 584) 58 (47 - 72) 179 (153 - 208) 247 (181 - 336) 427 (348 - 523)
New Mexico 148 (123 - 176) 20 (17 - 24) 44 (37 - 51) 84   (64 - 109) 127 (104 - 155)
New York 1,593 (1,448 - 1,752) 162 (144 - 182) 589 (544 - 635) 843 (715 - 991) 1,431 (1,289 - 1,588)
North Carolina 615 (516 - 731) 75 (62 - 90) 189 (160 - 222) 351 (271 - 452) 540 (445 - 654)
North Dakota 30 (25 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 14) 15 (11 - 20) 26 (21 - 33)
Ohio 719 (653 - 792) 93   (83 - 104) 242 (222 - 263) 384 (326 - 452) 626 (563 - 697)
Oklahoma 264 (218 - 319) 28 (22 - 34) 80 (67 - 94) 157 (119 - 206) 237 (192 - 290)
Oregon 392 (337 - 456) 36 (30 - 43) 108   (95 - 122) 249 (199 - 309) 356 (302 - 420)
Pennsylvania 783 (701 - 874) 93   (82 - 104) 265 (240 - 292) 425 (355 - 507) 690 (611 - 780)
Rhode Island 113   (97 - 131) 10   (9 - 13) 38 (33 - 44) 64 (51 - 80) 102   (87 - 120)
South Carolina 330 (274 - 395) 33 (27 - 40) 96   (81 - 112) 201 (154 - 262) 297 (243 - 362)
South Dakota 41 (34 - 49) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 16) 21 (15 - 28) 35 (28 - 43)
Tennessee 386 (322 - 462) 39 (32 - 48) 122 (104 - 142) 225 (172 - 293) 347 (285 - 422)
Texas 1,290 (1,163 - 1,428) 178 (157 - 202) 466 (424 - 511) 646 (541 - 770) 1,111    (990 - 1,246)
Utah 133 (109 - 161) 21 (17 - 25) 49 (40 - 61) 63 (47 - 84) 112   (90 - 139)
Vermont 66 (56 - 77) 6 (5 - 7) 22 (20 - 25) 38 (30 - 48) 60 (51 - 71)
Virginia 397 (329 - 478) 53 (43 - 65) 144 (121 - 170) 200 (148 - 270) 344 (279 - 423)
Washington 502 (419 - 600) 54 (44 - 65) 138 (117 - 163) 310 (241 - 397) 448 (368 - 545)
West Virginia 120 (100 - 143) 12 (10 - 15) 37 (32 - 43) 70 (54 - 91) 108   (89 - 131)
Wisconsin 372 (313 - 439) 44 (36 - 53) 131 (112 - 152) 197 (151 - 257) 328 (272 - 394)
Wyoming 28 (24 - 34) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (9 - 12) 14 (10 - 19) 24 (20 - 30)
121028
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 27,290 (26,568 - 28,029) 3,310 (3,206 - 3,417) 9,748 (9,527 - 9,973) 14,231 (13,622 - 14,865) 23,980 (23,277 - 24,700)
Northeast 5,524 (5,289 - 5,770) 617 (582 - 654) 2,097 (2,018 - 2,178) 2,810 (2,598 - 3,039) 4,907 (4,679 - 5,148)
Midwest 5,706 (5,482 - 5,933) 701 (668 - 736) 2,084 (2,010 - 2,160) 2,920 (2,719 - 3,134) 5,004 (4,789 - 5,224)
South 8,777 (8,422 - 9,148) 1,089 (1,034 - 1,146) 3,019 (2,900 - 3,140) 4,670 (4,346 - 5,015) 7,688 (7,348 - 8,046)
West 7,283 (6,947 - 7,632) 903 (850 - 960) 2,548 (2,437 - 2,662) 3,831 (3,526 - 4,160) 6,379 (6,053 - 6,720)
Alabama 328 (282 - 380) 38 (32 - 46) 114 (100 - 130) 175 (139 - 220) 290 (246 - 340)
Alaska 89   (79 - 100) 10   (8 - 11) 27 (25 - 30) 52 (43 - 62) 79 (69 - 91)
Arizona 574 (493 - 668) 77 (64 - 92) 202 (177 - 229) 295 (231 - 376) 497 (420 - 587)
Arkansas 253 (219 - 291) 29 (24 - 34) 82 (72 - 92) 143 (115 - 176) 224 (192 - 262)
California 3,878 (3,604 - 4,169) 476 (432 - 524) 1,392 (1,302 - 1,485) 2,010 (1,772 - 2,277) 3,402 (3,136 - 3,686)
Colorado 615 (537 - 702) 71 (61 - 83) 204 (183 - 225) 340 (274 - 420) 544 (468 - 628)
Connecticut 369 (321 - 420) 46 (39 - 54) 135 (121 - 150) 188 (150 - 235) 323 (278 - 373)
Delaware 86 (75 - 99) 11   (9 - 13) 34 (30 - 37) 41 (32 - 53) 75 (64 - 88)
District of Columbia 73 (63 - 84) 5 (4 - 6) 29 (26 - 32) 39 (31 - 49) 68 (58 - 78)
Florida 1,559 (1,423 - 1,710) 175 (157 - 194) 480 (446 - 515) 905    (782 - 1,046) 1,385 (1,252 - 1,533)
Georgia 860    (733 - 1,007) 104   (87 - 124) 270 (234 - 309) 486 (385 - 612) 756 (635 - 898)
Hawaii 127 (108 - 148) 13 (11 - 16) 41 (36 - 46) 72 (57 - 92) 113   (95 - 134)
Idaho 131 (114 - 150) 18 (15 - 21) 47 (41 - 52) 67 (53 - 83) 113   (97 - 131)
Illinois 1,116 (1,031 - 1,208) 142 (129 - 157) 408 (382 - 436) 566 (492 - 650) 974    (892 - 1,063)
Indiana 539 (465 - 624) 68 (57 - 81) 185 (162 - 210) 286 (227 - 359) 471 (400 - 552)
Iowa 191 (162 - 225) 28 (23 - 34) 70 (60 - 81) 93   (71 - 122) 163 (135 - 195)
Kansas 214 (184 - 248) 28 (23 - 33) 82 (72 - 94) 103   (81 - 132) 186 (158 - 219)
Kentucky 311 (267 - 364) 37 (30 - 45) 106   (92 - 121) 169 (134 - 213) 275 (233 - 325)
Louisiana 308 (263 - 359) 36 (29 - 45) 122 (106 - 139) 150 (116 - 192) 271 (230 - 320)
Maine 153 (134 - 174) 14 (12 - 17) 50 (45 - 55) 89   (72 - 109) 139 (120 - 159)
Maryland 501 (424 - 590) 63 (52 - 76) 185 (160 - 213) 252 (193 - 327) 437 (365 - 523)
Massachusetts 805 (713 - 906) 82 (70 - 96) 305 (275 - 335) 418 (343 - 507) 723 (634 - 821)
Michigan 1,016    (942 - 1,095) 120 (109 - 131) 351 (331 - 373) 545 (479 - 619) 896 (825 - 973)
Minnesota 451 (390 - 518) 48 (39 - 57) 172 (152 - 193) 232 (184 - 291) 403 (346 - 468)
Mississippi 187 (158 - 219) 25 (20 - 31) 67 (58 - 78) 94   (73 - 122) 162 (135 - 193)
Missouri 477 (408 - 554) 56 (46 - 67) 170 (148 - 194) 251 (197 - 317) 421 (357 - 495)
Montana 99   (87 - 113) 12 (10 - 14) 37 (33 - 41) 51 (40 - 63) 87   (75 - 101)
Nebraska 135 (116 - 156) 16 (13 - 19) 51 (45 - 58) 67 (53 - 86) 119   (101 - 139)
Nevada 236 (202 - 276) 35 (30 - 41) 72 (63 - 81) 129 (101 - 165) 201 (168 - 239)
New Hampshire 166 (146 - 189) 18 (15 - 21) 56 (51 - 61) 93   (76 - 113) 149 (129 - 171)
New Jersey 664 (568 - 777) 82 (68 - 99) 262 (231 - 294) 321 (244 - 420) 583 (491 - 690)
New Mexico 178 (155 - 204) 28 (23 - 32) 67 (58 - 76) 84   (66 - 106) 151 (129 - 175)
New York 2,099 (1,950 - 2,259) 228 (207 - 251) 823 (775 - 872) 1,048    (915 - 1,199) 1,871 (1,725 - 2,028)
North Carolina 790 (683 - 912) 98   (83 - 115) 269 (236 - 304) 423 (337 - 530) 692 (590 - 811)
North Dakota 44 (38 - 51) 5 (4 - 6) 20 (18 - 24) 19 (15 - 25) 40 (34 - 46)
Ohio 963    (891 - 1,041) 122 (111 - 134) 358 (336 - 381) 483 (419 - 555) 841 (771 - 918)
Oklahoma 301 (256 - 353) 37 (31 - 45) 103   (88 - 119) 161 (126 - 205) 264 (222 - 313)
Oregon 459 (403 - 521) 54 (46 - 62) 144 (130 - 159) 261 (213 - 317) 405 (352 - 466)
Pennsylvania 1,055    (966 - 1,152) 126 (113 - 141) 386 (358 - 416) 543 (467 - 629) 929    (844 - 1,023)
Rhode Island 127 (111 - 145) 13 (11 - 16) 50 (45 - 56) 64 (51 - 79) 114   (99 - 131)
South Carolina 346 (294 - 406) 42 (35 - 50) 120 (105 - 137) 184 (143 - 236) 304 (255 - 362)
South Dakota 59 (51 - 68) 8 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 26) 28 (22 - 36) 51 (43 - 60)
Tennessee 497 (426 - 578) 52 (43 - 63) 164 (144 - 185) 281 (223 - 354) 445 (377 - 523)
Texas 1,609 (1,474 - 1,756) 238 (212 - 266) 603 (556 - 653) 769 (658 - 896) 1,372 (1,243 - 1,512)
Utah 153 (129 - 180) 25 (20 - 30) 67 (55 - 80) 62 (47 - 82) 128 (106 - 154)
Vermont 85 (76 - 96) 8 (7 - 9) 31 (28 - 34) 46 (38 - 56) 77 (68 - 88)
Virginia 621 (535 - 720) 83 (70 - 99) 226 (197 - 257) 311 (244 - 395) 537 (456 - 633)
Washington 701 (611 - 802) 80 (68 - 93) 234 (210 - 259) 387 (312 - 479) 621 (534 - 719)
West Virginia 148 (126 - 172) 16 (13 - 19) 47 (41 - 53) 85   (67 - 106) 132 (111 - 155)
Wisconsin 501 (433 - 577) 62 (52 - 73) 192 (170 - 215) 248 (194 - 315) 439 (375 - 512)
Wyoming 44 (38 - 50) 6 (5 - 7) 16 (14 - 19) 21 (17 - 27) 38 (32 - 44)
121028
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 16,047 (15,507 - 16,606) 1,740 (1,662 - 1,822) 5,794 (5,613 - 5,979) 8,513 (8,052 - 8,999) 14,307 (13,780 - 14,853)
Northeast 3,301 (3,118 - 3,495) 344 (318 - 373) 1,299 (1,228 - 1,372) 1,658 (1,496 - 1,838) 2,957 (2,780 - 3,145)
Midwest 3,345 (3,175 - 3,521) 384 (360 - 408) 1,211 (1,146 - 1,278) 1,751 (1,598 - 1,916) 2,961 (2,797 - 3,132)
South 5,008 (4,744 - 5,288) 547 (508 - 589) 1,809 (1,708 - 1,915) 2,652 (2,408 - 2,919) 4,461 (4,205 - 4,734)
West 4,394 (4,119 - 4,683) 465 (426 - 509) 1,476 (1,383 - 1,573) 2,453 (2,207 - 2,724) 3,928 (3,660 - 4,213)
Alabama 195 (160 - 236) 22 (17 - 28) 73 (61 - 88) 100   (74 - 134) 173 (141 - 212)
Alaska 63 (53 - 74) 6 (4 - 7) 19 (17 - 22) 38 (30 - 49) 58 (48 - 69)
Arizona 353 (285 - 436) 39 (31 - 50) 117   (97 - 141) 197 (143 - 269) 314 (249 - 395)
Arkansas 143 (118 - 174) 16 (12 - 20) 48 (40 - 57) 80   (60 - 106) 128 (104 - 157)
California 2,307 (2,085 - 2,548) 242 (210 - 279) 808 (737 - 885) 1,256 (1,065 - 1,479) 2,064 (1,848 - 2,301)
Colorado 397 (331 - 474) 39 (32 - 48) 128 (109 - 148) 231 (176 - 301) 358 (294 - 434)
Connecticut 213 (175 - 257) 24 (19 - 30) 82 (70 - 96) 107   (78 - 146) 189 (153 - 231)
Delaware 51 (42 - 61) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (18 - 25) 24 (18 - 33) 45 (37 - 55)
District of Columbia 43 (36 - 51) 3 (2 - 3) 17 (14 - 20) 23 (17 - 31) 40 (33 - 48)
Florida 893    (791 - 1,010) 85 (73 - 99) 274 (247 - 305) 533 (440 - 646) 808 (708 - 924)
Georgia 472 (388 - 574) 45 (35 - 59) 161 (134 - 193) 266 (200 - 353) 427 (346 - 526)
Hawaii 89   (73 - 109) 7 (5 - 9) 25 (21 - 30) 57 (43 - 75) 82   (66 - 101)
Idaho 72 (59 - 88) 10   (8 - 13) 23 (19 - 28) 39 (29 - 52) 62 (50 - 77)
Illinois 626 (563 - 696) 78 (68 - 89) 237 (215 - 262) 311 (260 - 373) 549 (488 - 616)
Indiana 319 (264 - 385) 38 (30 - 48) 112   (93 - 134) 168 (126 - 224) 280 (228 - 344)
Iowa 112   (90 - 137) 17 (13 - 21) 40 (32 - 49) 56 (41 - 76) 95   (75 - 120)
Kansas 114   (91 - 142) 14 (10 - 18) 42 (34 - 52) 59 (42 - 82) 101   (79 - 127)
Kentucky 169 (138 - 210) 18 (13 - 23) 61 (50 - 74) 91   (66 - 124) 152 (121 - 191)
Louisiana 186 (151 - 227) 18 (13 - 24) 80 (66 - 95) 88   (64 - 122) 168 (135 - 208)
Maine 111   (93 - 131) 8   (7 - 11) 33 (28 - 37) 69 (54 - 89) 102   (85 - 123)
Maryland 265 (212 - 329) 32 (25 - 42) 104   (85 - 127) 128   (91 - 181) 232 (183 - 295)
Massachusetts 483 (409 - 567) 45 (37 - 56) 188 (162 - 217) 249 (191 - 322) 437 (366 - 520)
Michigan 626 (566 - 693) 66 (58 - 76) 206 (189 - 225) 354 (300 - 416) 560 (501 - 625)
Minnesota 260 (213 - 316) 24 (18 - 31) 98   (83 - 116) 138 (101 - 187) 236 (191 - 291)
Mississippi 107   (86 - 134) 13 (10 - 17) 39 (31 - 48) 56 (40 - 78) 95   (74 - 120)
Missouri 291 (237 - 356) 28 (21 - 36) 106   (88 - 126) 157 (116 - 213) 263 (212 - 326)
Montana 66 (55 - 78) 7 (5 - 8) 23 (20 - 27) 36 (27 - 48) 59 (49 - 72)
Nebraska 78 (64 - 95) 9   (7 - 11) 31 (25 - 37) 39 (28 - 52) 69 (56 - 85)
Nevada 149 (122 - 181) 19 (15 - 24) 45 (38 - 54) 84   (63 - 113) 130 (104 - 161)
New Hampshire 108   (91 - 127) 10   (8 - 13) 36 (32 - 42) 61 (47 - 78) 97   (82 - 116)
New Jersey 364 (298 - 445) 43 (33 - 56) 152 (127 - 180) 169 (119 - 238) 321 (258 - 399)
New Mexico 106   (87 - 129) 15 (12 - 19) 36 (29 - 43) 55 (41 - 75) 91   (73 - 113)
New York 1,265 (1,148 - 1,393) 131 (114 - 149) 522 (481 - 567) 612 (513 - 729) 1,134 (1,021 - 1,259)
North Carolina 476 (392 - 577) 52 (42 - 66) 160 (134 - 189) 264 (196 - 353) 423 (343 - 522)
North Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 2 (2 - 3) 9   (8 - 12) 13   (9 - 18) 22 (18 - 28)
Ohio 569 (512 - 633) 72 (63 - 82) 209 (191 - 230) 288 (239 - 346) 497 (442 - 559)
Oklahoma 166 (132 - 208) 18 (14 - 24) 58 (47 - 71) 89   (64 - 125) 147 (115 - 188)
Oregon 296 (249 - 352) 25 (20 - 31) 92   (80 - 106) 178 (137 - 230) 271 (224 - 326)
Pennsylvania 611 (546 - 684) 71 (61 - 82) 229 (207 - 254) 311 (256 - 377) 540 (477 - 612)
Rhode Island 89   (75 - 106) 7 (6 - 9) 35 (30 - 40) 47 (36 - 61) 82 (68 - 98)
South Carolina 219 (178 - 268) 20 (15 - 25) 79 (66 - 94) 120   (87 - 163) 199 (160 - 247)
South Dakota 34 (27 - 41) 4 (3 - 6) 12 (10 - 15) 17 (12 - 24) 30 (23 - 37)
Tennessee 280 (230 - 341) 26 (20 - 33) 104   (87 - 122) 151 (111 - 204) 254 (206 - 313)
Texas 919    (822 - 1,026) 129 (110 - 151) 368 (330 - 410) 422 (343 - 518) 790 (698 - 893)
Utah 77 (60 - 97) 12   (9 - 16) 31 (23 - 41) 34 (23 - 49) 65 (49 - 84)
Vermont 58 (50 - 68) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (19 - 24) 33 (25 - 42) 53 (45 - 63)
Virginia 340 (277 - 416) 38 (29 - 49) 131 (109 - 157) 170 (123 - 234) 301 (242 - 374)
Washington 394 (324 - 478) 40 (32 - 51) 118   (99 - 139) 236 (177 - 312) 354 (286 - 436)
West Virginia 84   (69 - 103) 8   (6 - 10) 31 (26 - 37) 46 (34 - 62) 77 (62 - 95)
Wisconsin 291 (241 - 351) 32 (25 - 41) 108   (91 - 126) 151 (112 - 203) 259 (211 - 316)
Wyoming 24 (20 - 29) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (8 - 11) 11   (8 - 16) 21 (17 - 26)
121028
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 89,672 (88,314 - 91,032) 7,880 (7,733 - 8,030) 7,083 (6,890 - 7,280) 74,708 (73,398 - 76,020) 81,792 (80,449 - 83,137)
Northeast 15,176 (14,702 - 15,654) 1,238 (1,190 - 1,288) 1,057    (995 - 1,122) 12,881 (12,421 - 13,344) 13,938 (13,469 - 14,411)
Midwest 18,844 (18,422 - 19,272) 1,798 (1,751 - 1,846) 1,452 (1,391 - 1,515) 15,594 (15,186 - 16,005) 17,046 (16,629 - 17,469)
South 36,555 (35,793 - 37,324) 3,124 (3,038 - 3,211) 2,885 (2,775 - 2,998) 30,546 (29,817 - 31,282) 33,431 (32,679 - 34,189)
West 19,097 (18,507 - 19,694) 1,720 (1,649 - 1,793) 1,689 (1,601 - 1,781) 15,687 (15,119 - 16,262) 17,377 (16,796 - 17,965)
Alabama 1,587 (1,467 - 1,711) 150 (136 - 163) 144 (128 - 161) 1,293 (1,179 - 1,410) 1,437 (1,320 - 1,559)
Alaska 152 (137 - 168) 17 (15 - 20) 13 (11 - 15) 122 (108 - 137) 135 (121 - 151)
Arizona 1,838 (1,674 - 2,008) 156 (138 - 175) 157 (136 - 179) 1,525 (1,370 - 1,687) 1,682 (1,523 - 1,849)
Arkansas 933    (859 - 1,010) 85 (77 - 94) 67 (59 - 77) 781 (710 - 853) 848 (776 - 923)
California 10,366   (9,890 - 10,851) 885 (827 - 945) 968    (896 - 1,045) 8,513 (8,054 - 8,981) 9,481 (9,013 - 9,959)
Colorado 1,087    (968 - 1,216) 97   (85 - 110) 79 (66 - 93) 911    (799 - 1,033) 990    (875 - 1,115)
Connecticut 970    (878 - 1,067) 82 (72 - 93) 64 (55 - 75) 823 (736 - 915) 888 (798 - 983)
Delaware 244 (221 - 268) 21 (19 - 23) 17 (15 - 20) 206 (184 - 229) 223 (200 - 247)
District of Columbia 148 (133 - 164) 10   (8 - 11) 15 (12 - 17) 124 (110 - 139) 138 (124 - 154)
Florida 6,511 (6,237 - 6,787) 457 (430 - 485) 450 (418 - 483) 5,604 (5,338 - 5,873) 6,054 (5,783 - 6,326)
Georgia 2,755 (2,504 - 3,017) 250 (223 - 278) 204 (175 - 237) 2,301 (2,064 - 2,548) 2,506 (2,261 - 2,760)
Hawaii 356 (323 - 390) 27 (24 - 31) 28 (24 - 33) 300 (269 - 332) 328 (296 - 362)
Idaho 413 (378 - 449) 45 (41 - 50) 34 (30 - 39) 334 (301 - 367) 368 (334 - 403)
Illinois 3,818 (3,645 - 3,993) 348 (328 - 368) 325 (301 - 350) 3,145 (2,979 - 3,315) 3,470 (3,300 - 3,644)
Indiana 1,853 (1,704 - 2,007) 177 (159 - 196) 138 (119 - 158) 1,538 (1,398 - 1,684) 1,676 (1,532 - 1,826)
Iowa 879 (810 - 952) 89 (81 - 98) 69 (59 - 79) 722 (656 - 790) 790 (723 - 861)
Kansas 836 (765 - 910) 78 (70 - 87) 65 (56 - 75) 693 (626 - 761) 758 (689 - 829)
Kentucky 1,466 (1,354 - 1,579) 132 (119 - 144) 103   (90 - 117) 1,231 (1,124 - 1,339) 1,334 (1,225 - 1,445)
Louisiana 1,511 (1,403 - 1,622) 143 (129 - 157) 135 (120 - 152) 1,233 (1,131 - 1,337) 1,369 (1,264 - 1,476)
Maine 318 (286 - 352) 29 (26 - 32) 19 (16 - 22) 270 (240 - 304) 289 (258 - 323)
Maryland 1,612 (1,444 - 1,789) 139 (123 - 157) 121 (102 - 143) 1,352 (1,195 - 1,516) 1,473 (1,310 - 1,644)
Massachusetts 1,412 (1,262 - 1,574) 122 (106 - 139) 102   (85 - 123) 1,188 (1,046 - 1,342) 1,291 (1,144 - 1,449)
Michigan 2,631 (2,498 - 2,766) 264 (249 - 280) 190 (174 - 207) 2,177 (2,049 - 2,308) 2,366 (2,236 - 2,500)
Minnesota 1,235 (1,117 - 1,360) 120 (107 - 135) 98   (84 - 114) 1,016    (906 - 1,134) 1,114 (1,000 - 1,237)
Mississippi 1,114 (1,040 - 1,191) 102   (93 - 112) 97   (86 - 109) 915 (843 - 987) 1,012    (939 - 1,087)
Missouri 1,766 (1,616 - 1,923) 169 (152 - 186) 134 (117 - 154) 1,463 (1,319 - 1,613) 1,598 (1,451 - 1,751)
Montana 251 (227 - 277) 22 (20 - 25) 17 (15 - 20) 212 (189 - 237) 229 (205 - 254)
Nebraska 536 (492 - 582) 55 (50 - 61) 40 (34 - 46) 441 (400 - 485) 481 (439 - 526)
Nevada 746 (676 - 818) 66 (58 - 74) 56 (49 - 64) 624 (557 - 693) 680 (612 - 751)
New Hampshire 284 (254 - 317) 25 (22 - 28) 16 (14 - 20) 243 (214 - 275) 259 (229 - 292)
New Jersey 2,621 (2,379 - 2,873) 205 (181 - 232) 160 (139 - 184) 2,255 (2,021 - 2,497) 2,416 (2,179 - 2,662)
New Mexico 633 (582 - 685) 51 (45 - 57) 53 (46 - 60) 529 (481 - 579) 582 (533 - 633)
New York 5,587 (5,305 - 5,875) 440 (412 - 470) 425 (388 - 464) 4,722 (4,451 - 4,999) 5,147 (4,869 - 5,432)
North Carolina 2,575 (2,347 - 2,812) 218 (194 - 243) 204 (177 - 233) 2,153 (1,937 - 2,378) 2,357 (2,135 - 2,588)
North Dakota 191 (176 - 207) 17 (16 - 19) 18 (16 - 21) 156 (141 - 171) 174 (159 - 189)
Ohio 3,263 (3,099 - 3,430) 306 (290 - 324) 236 (217 - 255) 2,721 (2,562 - 2,884) 2,956 (2,794 - 3,122)
Oklahoma 1,115 (1,013 - 1,221) 111   (99 - 123) 100   (87 - 114) 905    (809 - 1,004) 1,004    (906 - 1,107)
Oregon 850 (759 - 947) 77 (68 - 87) 58 (49 - 68) 714 (627 - 808) 772 (684 - 868)
Pennsylvania 3,596 (3,406 - 3,791) 301 (282 - 321) 244 (221 - 268) 3,051 (2,867 - 3,240) 3,295 (3,108 - 3,487)
Rhode Island 253 (225 - 282) 23 (20 - 26) 18 (15 - 22) 212 (186 - 239) 230 (203 - 258)
South Carolina 1,488 (1,370 - 1,610) 121 (109 - 133) 108   (95 - 123) 1,260 (1,146 - 1,375) 1,368 (1,251 - 1,487)
South Dakota 249 (229 - 270) 23 (21 - 25) 20 (18 - 23) 206 (187 - 225) 226 (207 - 246)
Tennessee 2,035 (1,868 - 2,208) 172 (155 - 189) 127 (111 - 144) 1,736 (1,576 - 1,901) 1,863 (1,701 - 2,032)
Texas 8,580 (8,237 - 8,925) 781 (737 - 825) 771 (721 - 824) 7,028 (6,697 - 7,361) 7,799 (7,461 - 8,140)
Utah 812 (753 - 873) 110 (100 - 119) 101   (88 - 115) 602 (548 - 657) 703 (646 - 762)
Vermont 135 (120 - 152) 11 (10 - 13) 8   (7 - 10) 116 (101 - 132) 124 (109 - 140)
Virginia 2,203 (2,005 - 2,408) 185 (165 - 206) 179 (156 - 204) 1,839 (1,653 - 2,033) 2,018 (1,826 - 2,218)
Washington 1,437 (1,287 - 1,597) 151 (135 - 168) 112   (95 - 131) 1,173 (1,032 - 1,326) 1,286 (1,140 - 1,443)
West Virginia 677 (627 - 728) 50 (46 - 55) 42 (37 - 48) 585 (537 - 634) 627 (578 - 677)
Wisconsin 1,588 (1,445 - 1,738) 151 (135 - 168) 120 (104 - 138) 1,316 (1,180 - 1,459) 1,437 (1,298 - 1,583)
Wyoming 157 (143 - 172) 17 (15 - 19) 13 (11 - 15) 128 (114 - 142) 140 (127 - 155)
121028
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 2,617 (2,526 - 2,711) 1,252 (1,206 - 1,300) 1,226 (1,169 - 1,284) 139 (107 - 180) 1,364 (1,291 - 1,442)
Northeast 483 (455 - 514) 227 (212 - 244) 231 (212 - 251) 25 (17 - 37) 256 (234 - 281)
Midwest 575 (546 - 604) 270 (255 - 285) 278 (260 - 298) 27 (18 - 39) 305 (282 - 329)
South 894 (849 - 942) 425 (402 - 450) 418 (389 - 448) 51 (36 - 73) 469 (432 - 508)
West 664 (622 - 709) 330 (306 - 355) 299 (273 - 327) 35 (23 - 54) 334 (302 - 370)
Alabama 34 (29 - 40) 16 (13 - 19) 17 (13 - 21) 2 (1 - 4) 19 (15 - 23)
Alaska 6 (5 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4)
Arizona 51 (43 - 59) 27 (22 - 33) 21 (17 - 27) 3 (2 - 5) 24 (19 - 30)
Arkansas 21 (18 - 25) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (8 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 11   (9 - 14)
California 373 (339 - 410) 182 (162 - 205) 171 (150 - 195) 19 (11 - 34) 191 (166 - 219)
Colorado 47 (41 - 54) 24 (20 - 29) 20 (16 - 25) 2 (1 - 4) 23 (18 - 28)
Connecticut 34 (29 - 39) 18 (15 - 21) 15 (12 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 16 (13 - 20)
Delaware 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (4 - 5)
District of Columbia 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Florida 135 (123 - 149) 65 (58 - 73) 63 (54 - 72) 7   (4 - 13) 70 (61 - 81)
Georgia 81 (69 - 94) 37 (30 - 46) 38 (30 - 46) 5 (3 - 9) 43 (35 - 53)
Hawaii 9   (8 - 11) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Idaho 13 (11 - 15) 7 (5 - 8) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 8)
Illinois 112 (103 - 123) 52 (47 - 59) 55 (48 - 62) 5 (3 - 8) 60 (53 - 68)
Indiana 55 (47 - 64) 27 (21 - 33) 26 (21 - 32) 2 (1 - 5) 28 (23 - 35)
Iowa 25 (22 - 29) 12 (10 - 15) 12 (10 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 13 (11 - 16)
Kansas 25 (21 - 29) 12 (10 - 14) 12 (10 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 13 (11 - 16)
Kentucky 33 (29 - 39) 17 (14 - 20) 14 (12 - 18) 2 (1 - 4) 17 (14 - 21)
Louisiana 34 (28 - 40) 15 (12 - 19) 17 (13 - 21) 2 (1 - 4) 19 (15 - 23)
Maine 10   (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Maryland 51 (43 - 60) 22 (18 - 28) 26 (21 - 33) 2 (1 - 5) 29 (23 - 35)
Massachusetts 62 (54 - 72) 29 (24 - 35) 30 (24 - 37) 3 (2 - 6) 33 (27 - 41)
Michigan 94 (86 - 103) 44 (39 - 49) 46 (40 - 52) 4 (2 - 7) 50 (44 - 57)
Minnesota 43 (36 - 50) 19 (15 - 23) 22 (17 - 27) 2 (1 - 4) 24 (19 - 29)
Mississippi 22 (19 - 26) 10   (8 - 12) 11   (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 15)
Missouri 47 (40 - 54) 22 (18 - 27) 22 (18 - 27) 2 (1 - 4) 24 (20 - 30)
Montana 9   (8 - 10) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Nebraska 15 (13 - 18) 7 (5 - 8) 8   (6 - 10) 1 (0 - 1) 9   (7 - 11)
Nevada 22 (18 - 25) 12 (10 - 15) 8   (6 - 10) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 12)
New Hampshire 12 (11 - 14) 6 (5 - 7) 6 (5 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 8)
New Jersey 73 (63 - 85) 34 (28 - 42) 36 (29 - 44) 4 (2 - 7) 39 (32 - 48)
New Mexico 18 (15 - 21) 10   (8 - 12) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (0 - 2) 8   (6 - 10)
New York 172 (156 - 190) 81 (71 - 92) 81 (71 - 93) 9   (6 - 15) 91   (79 - 104)
North Carolina 80 (68 - 92) 41 (34 - 49) 34 (27 - 42) 5 (3 - 9) 39 (31 - 48)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (3 - 4)
Ohio 98   (89 - 107) 46 (41 - 52) 46 (40 - 52) 6   (3 - 10) 51 (45 - 59)
Oklahoma 28 (23 - 33) 14 (11 - 17) 13 (10 - 16) 1 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 18)
Oregon 36 (31 - 41) 18 (15 - 22) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 4) 18 (14 - 22)
Pennsylvania 103   (93 - 115) 48 (42 - 54) 51 (44 - 59) 5 (3 - 9) 56 (48 - 65)
Rhode Island 10   (9 - 12) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
South Carolina 34 (29 - 40) 16 (13 - 19) 16 (13 - 20) 2 (1 - 4) 18 (15 - 22)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 4)
Tennessee 43 (36 - 50) 20 (15 - 25) 20 (16 - 25) 3 (2 - 5) 23 (19 - 28)
Texas 201 (183 - 220) 99   (88 - 111) 92   (80 - 105) 10   (6 - 17) 102   (89 - 117)
Utah 23 (19 - 27) 11   (9 - 14) 11   (8 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Virginia 71 (62 - 83) 32 (26 - 39) 36 (29 - 43) 4 (2 - 7) 39 (32 - 48)
Washington 53 (46 - 62) 25 (20 - 30) 26 (21 - 32) 3 (2 - 6) 29 (23 - 35)
West Virginia 13 (11 - 15) 7 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2) 6 (5 - 8)
Wisconsin 50 (43 - 57) 24 (20 - 29) 23 (19 - 29) 2 (1 - 4) 25 (21 - 31)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (2 - 3)
121028
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,875 (8,496 - 9,271) 1,107 (1,047 - 1,170) 2,695 (2,577 - 2,818) 5,073 (4,730 - 5,440) 7,768 (7,394 - 8,161)
Northeast 1,612 (1,475 - 1,761) 178 (162 - 197) 539 (498 - 583) 895    (777 - 1,030) 1,434 (1,301 - 1,579)
Midwest 1,801 (1,677 - 1,933) 240 (222 - 258) 570 (533 - 609) 992    (886 - 1,110) 1,562 (1,441 - 1,691)
South 3,140 (2,939 - 3,355) 391 (362 - 422) 921 (865 - 980) 1,828 (1,649 - 2,027) 2,749 (2,555 - 2,958)
West 2,322 (2,114 - 2,550) 298 (268 - 331) 666 (612 - 724) 1,358 (1,175 - 1,569) 2,024 (1,823 - 2,247)
Alabama 148 (115 - 189) 18 (14 - 24) 48 (38 - 59) 82   (56 - 120) 129   (98 - 169)
Alaska 21 (16 - 27) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (8 - 18) 18 (14 - 24)
Arizona 220 (165 - 292) 27 (21 - 35) 59 (46 - 76) 133   (89 - 200) 193 (141 - 263)
Arkansas 87   (67 - 113) 11   (8 - 14) 25 (19 - 31) 52 (35 - 75) 76   (57 - 101)
California 1,208 (1,041 - 1,399) 165 (141 - 193) 343 (298 - 393) 700 (557 - 879) 1,042    (883 - 1,229)
Colorado 147 (114 - 191) 16 (13 - 21) 52 (41 - 66) 79   (53 - 118) 131   (99 - 173)
Connecticut 100   (76 - 130) 13 (10 - 16) 31 (25 - 40) 56 (37 - 83) 87   (65 - 117)
Delaware 29 (22 - 38) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 17 (11 - 25) 26 (19 - 34)
District of Columbia 20 (15 - 27) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 13   (9 - 19) 19 (14 - 25)
Florida 522 (442 - 617) 60 (51 - 71) 123 (105 - 143) 340 (268 - 430) 462 (385 - 556)
Georgia 244 (184 - 321) 33 (25 - 42) 80   (62 - 102) 131   (86 - 201) 211 (155 - 287)
Hawaii 53 (40 - 71) 5 (3 - 6) 11   (8 - 15) 38 (26 - 54) 49 (36 - 66)
Idaho 47 (36 - 60) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (10 - 16) 28 (19 - 40) 41 (31 - 54)
Illinois 343 (294 - 400) 45 (38 - 53) 98   (84 - 114) 200 (158 - 253) 298 (251 - 354)
Indiana 206 (159 - 267) 28 (22 - 35) 58 (45 - 74) 120   (82 - 175) 178 (133 - 237)
Iowa 50 (36 - 69) 9   (7 - 12) 17 (13 - 24) 24 (14 - 40) 41 (28 - 59)
Kansas 76   (57 - 100) 10   (8 - 13) 23 (18 - 30) 42 (28 - 64) 66 (48 - 89)
Kentucky 140 (108 - 181) 16 (12 - 20) 39 (31 - 49) 85   (59 - 124) 124   (94 - 165)
Louisiana 137 (106 - 176) 15 (12 - 19) 49 (38 - 61) 73   (49 - 109) 122   (92 - 160)
Maine 39 (30 - 50) 4 (3 - 6) 12 (10 - 15) 22 (15 - 33) 34 (26 - 46)
Maryland 131   (96 - 180) 17 (13 - 23) 39 (29 - 53) 75   (47 - 117) 114   (81 - 161)
Massachusetts 225 (175 - 287) 21 (16 - 27) 75 (60 - 94) 128   (88 - 185) 203 (156 - 265)
Michigan 318 (278 - 364) 40 (34 - 46) 99   (87 - 111) 180 (145 - 223) 278 (240 - 323)
Minnesota 122   (92 - 161) 16 (12 - 20) 44 (33 - 57) 63 (41 - 96) 107   (78 - 144)
Mississippi 74 (57 - 97) 12 (10 - 16) 24 (18 - 30) 39 (25 - 59) 62 (46 - 84)
Missouri 153 (116 - 201) 20 (15 - 25) 51 (40 - 66) 82   (53 - 125) 133   (98 - 180)
Montana 28 (22 - 37) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 12) 15 (10 - 23) 25 (18 - 33)
Nebraska 41 (31 - 54) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 17) 22 (14 - 32) 35 (26 - 47)
Nevada 103 (78 - 134) 12   (9 - 15) 26 (20 - 32) 65 (44 - 94) 91   (67 - 121)
New Hampshire 47 (37 - 60) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (12 - 19) 27 (19 - 39) 42 (33 - 55)
New Jersey 201 (150 - 269) 25 (19 - 33) 68 (53 - 86) 108   (69 - 170) 176 (128 - 241)
New Mexico 61 (47 - 80) 9   (7 - 11) 18 (13 - 23) 35 (24 - 52) 53 (39 - 71)
New York 598 (513 - 697) 60 (50 - 71) 211 (185 - 239) 327 (256 - 419) 538 (456 - 635)
North Carolina 272 (210 - 353) 31 (25 - 40) 81   (64 - 103) 160 (109 - 233) 241 (181 - 320)
North Dakota 11   (8 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 8) 9   (7 - 13)
Ohio 306 (264 - 356) 40 (34 - 47) 102   (90 - 116) 164 (128 - 210) 266 (225 - 314)
Oklahoma 147 (114 - 190) 15 (12 - 19) 44 (35 - 56) 88   (61 - 127) 132 (100 - 174)
Oregon 156 (122 - 198) 16 (12 - 20) 40 (33 - 49) 100   (71 - 139) 140 (108 - 181)
Pennsylvania 332 (280 - 393) 43 (37 - 51) 103   (89 - 120) 186 (143 - 241) 289 (240 - 348)
Rhode Island 49 (38 - 63) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (12 - 19) 30 (21 - 42) 44 (34 - 58)
South Carolina 151 (111 - 204) 17 (13 - 22) 30 (22 - 40) 104   (69 - 155) 134   (95 - 186)
South Dakota 15 (11 - 20) 3 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 7   (4 - 12) 12   (8 - 17)
Tennessee 183 (140 - 240) 21 (17 - 27) 49 (39 - 61) 113   (77 - 166) 162 (121 - 217)
Texas 616 (532 - 713) 88   (75 - 104) 203 (177 - 234) 324 (255 - 411) 528 (448 - 621)
Utah 79 (63 - 99) 11   (9 - 14) 32 (25 - 41) 36 (25 - 52) 68 (53 - 87)
Vermont 21 (16 - 27) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 11   (7 - 16) 19 (15 - 25)
Virginia 169 (126 - 227) 24 (19 - 32) 54 (42 - 71) 91   (58 - 142) 145 (105 - 201)
Washington 187 (141 - 246) 23 (18 - 29) 53 (41 - 68) 111   (74 - 165) 164 (121 - 222)
West Virginia 68 (53 - 88) 6 (5 - 8) 20 (16 - 24) 42 (29 - 60) 62 (47 - 81)
Wisconsin 159 (122 - 207) 21 (16 - 27) 55 (43 - 69) 84   (55 - 127) 138 (103 - 185)
Wyoming 12   (9 - 16) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 6   (4 - 10) 10   (7 - 14)
121028
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 5,045 (4,770 - 5,334) 274 (244 - 308) 1,817 (1,719 - 1,920) 2,953 (2,709 - 3,218) 4,771 (4,497 - 5,059)
Northeast 1,103    (990 - 1,228) 48 (41 - 57) 405 (370 - 443) 650 (551 - 766) 1,055    (943 - 1,179)
Midwest 1,000    (901 - 1,110) 58 (50 - 67) 374 (344 - 407) 569 (482 - 671) 942    (844 - 1,051)
South 1,659 (1,504 - 1,831) 89   (77 - 102) 552 (508 - 600) 1,019    (877 - 1,183) 1,571 (1,417 - 1,742)
West 1,282 (1,142 - 1,439) 80 (66 - 96) 487 (441 - 537) 716 (597 - 858) 1,203 (1,064 - 1,358)
Alabama 53 (36 - 80) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (12 - 24) 33 (19 - 57) 50 (33 - 77)
Alaska 16 (12 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 7) 10   (6 - 15) 15 (11 - 22)
Arizona 123   (89 - 169) 7   (5 - 10) 47 (36 - 62) 68   (43 - 107) 116   (82 - 162)
Arkansas 34 (23 - 50) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (7 - 15) 21 (12 - 36) 32 (21 - 48)
California 637 (529 - 765) 44 (33 - 57) 241 (205 - 284) 352 (265 - 467) 593 (487 - 721)
Colorado 133 (100 - 177) 5 (4 - 8) 47 (37 - 60) 81   (54 - 120) 128   (95 - 172)
Connecticut 60 (42 - 85) 4 (3 - 5) 23 (17 - 30) 34 (20 - 56) 57 (39 - 81)
Delaware 17 (12 - 24) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 8) 11   (7 - 17) 17 (12 - 24)
District of Columbia 19 (14 - 27) 0 (0 - 0) 4 (3 - 6) 14 (10 - 22) 19 (13 - 27)
Florida 278 (224 - 345) 14 (11 - 18) 85   (71 - 101) 179 (132 - 241) 263 (210 - 330)
Georgia 118   (78 - 177) 7   (5 - 10) 40 (29 - 55) 71   (41 - 124) 111   (72 - 171)
Hawaii 19 (12 - 28) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 8) 12   (7 - 20) 17 (11 - 27)
Idaho 16 (11 - 23) 2 (1 - 2) 7   (5 - 10) 7   (4 - 12) 14 (10 - 21)
Illinois 202 (164 - 249) 11   (8 - 14) 68 (57 - 81) 124   (92 - 167) 192 (154 - 238)
Indiana 87   (61 - 125) 6 (4 - 8) 34 (25 - 46) 47 (28 - 80) 81   (55 - 119)
Iowa 28 (19 - 40) 3 (2 - 4) 12   (9 - 17) 13   (7 - 23) 25 (17 - 38)
Kansas 35 (24 - 50) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (12 - 22) 16   (9 - 29) 32 (22 - 47)
Kentucky 48 (34 - 69) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (14 - 25) 26 (15 - 45) 45 (30 - 66)
Louisiana 85   (60 - 119) 3 (2 - 4) 25 (19 - 33) 56 (36 - 89) 81   (57 - 116)
Maine 26 (19 - 36) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 12) 15 (10 - 24) 25 (18 - 34)
Maryland 73   (47 - 114) 4 (3 - 6) 25 (17 - 35) 45 (24 - 82) 69   (43 - 110)
Massachusetts 135 (100 - 184) 6 (4 - 8) 54 (42 - 70) 75   (48 - 117) 129   (94 - 178)
Michigan 167 (138 - 201) 9   (7 - 11) 62 (53 - 73) 95   (71 - 127) 158 (129 - 193)
Minnesota 77   (54 - 109) 5 (3 - 7) 29 (22 - 40) 43 (26 - 70) 72   (50 - 104)
Mississippi 32 (21 - 49) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 15) 20 (12 - 35) 31 (20 - 47)
Missouri 98   (70 - 138) 5 (3 - 7) 36 (27 - 47) 58 (36 - 93) 94   (66 - 133)
Montana 19 (14 - 26) 1 (1 - 1) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (6 - 16) 18 (13 - 25)
Nebraska 23 (16 - 32) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 13) 12   (7 - 19) 21 (15 - 31)
Nevada 50 (36 - 70) 3 (2 - 5) 17 (13 - 22) 30 (19 - 48) 47 (33 - 66)
New Hampshire 31 (23 - 41) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15) 17 (11 - 27) 29 (22 - 40)
New Jersey 125   (86 - 182) 7   (5 - 11) 43 (32 - 58) 75   (44 - 126) 118   (79 - 175)
New Mexico 35 (26 - 48) 2 (1 - 3) 15 (11 - 20) 18 (11 - 29) 33 (24 - 46)
New York 436 (366 - 519) 17 (13 - 22) 165 (142 - 192) 254 (195 - 330) 419 (350 - 502)
North Carolina 159 (111 - 226) 7   (5 - 10) 46 (35 - 62) 105   (66 - 166) 152 (105 - 219)
North Dakota 7 (4 - 9) 1 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 5) 3 (1 - 5) 6 (4 - 9)
Ohio 142 (114 - 176) 10   (7 - 13) 55 (46 - 65) 77   (54 - 110) 132 (105 - 166)
Oklahoma 44 (30 - 65) 3 (2 - 5) 19 (14 - 27) 22 (12 - 39) 41 (27 - 62)
Oregon 84   (63 - 111) 4 (3 - 5) 31 (25 - 39) 49 (32 - 74) 80   (59 - 108)
Pennsylvania 238 (193 - 294) 11   (8 - 14) 79 (66 - 93) 149 (111 - 201) 228 (183 - 283)
Rhode Island 35 (26 - 47) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15) 22 (14 - 33) 34 (25 - 46)
South Carolina 102   (70 - 146) 3 (2 - 4) 23 (17 - 31) 75   (48 - 118) 99   (68 - 144)
South Dakota 8   (5 - 11) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 7) 7   (5 - 11)
Tennessee 81   (56 - 117) 5 (3 - 7) 27 (20 - 36) 50 (30 - 82) 77   (52 - 112)
Texas 367 (303 - 442) 25 (19 - 32) 139 (118 - 165) 203 (152 - 271) 342 (280 - 418)
Utah 31 (21 - 43) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (11 - 22) 12   (7 - 22) 28 (19 - 40)
Vermont 16 (12 - 21) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9) 9   (6 - 13) 16 (12 - 21)
Virginia 111   (76 - 163) 6 (4 - 9) 41 (30 - 56) 64   (37 - 109) 105   (71 - 157)
Washington 114   (82 - 158) 6 (4 - 9) 43 (33 - 56) 65   (40 - 104) 107   (76 - 151)
West Virginia 39 (28 - 53) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (10 - 17) 24 (15 - 37) 37 (27 - 51)
Wisconsin 128   (94 - 173) 5 (4 - 8) 45 (34 - 58) 77   (51 - 118) 122   (89 - 168)
Wyoming 6 (4 - 9) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (1 - 5) 6 (4 - 9)
121028
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 12,183 (11,766 - 12,614) 1,620 (1,548 - 1,696) 3,991 (3,854 - 4,134) 6,571 (6,207 - 6,956) 10,563 (10,153 - 10,988)
Northeast 2,060 (1,912 - 2,218) 236 (215 - 258) 741 (693 - 792) 1,083    (961 - 1,219) 1,824 (1,681 - 1,978)
Midwest 2,664 (2,524 - 2,809) 369 (346 - 393) 892 (848 - 939) 1,403 (1,283 - 1,532) 2,295 (2,160 - 2,436)
South 4,388 (4,151 - 4,640) 589 (552 - 629) 1,420 (1,351 - 1,491) 2,379 (2,173 - 2,605) 3,799 (3,569 - 4,044)
West 3,072 (2,850 - 3,310) 427 (390 - 467) 939    (876 - 1,005) 1,706 (1,514 - 1,921) 2,645 (2,431 - 2,877)
Alabama 197 (161 - 240) 29 (23 - 35) 66 (54 - 79) 103   (76 - 139) 168 (135 - 209)
Alaska 29 (23 - 35) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 15 (11 - 21) 24 (19 - 31)
Arizona 315 (254 - 391) 40 (32 - 50) 94   (77 - 114) 181 (132 - 248) 275 (217 - 348)
Arkansas 120   (97 - 147) 18 (14 - 22) 37 (30 - 44) 65 (48 - 88) 102   (81 - 128)
California 1,431 (1,266 - 1,618) 213 (185 - 245) 441 (391 - 497) 777 (639 - 943) 1,218 (1,060 - 1,399)
Colorado 231 (188 - 282) 28 (23 - 35) 72 (60 - 86) 130   (97 - 175) 202 (162 - 252)
Connecticut 111   (87 - 140) 15 (11 - 18) 38 (31 - 48) 58 (41 - 82) 97   (74 - 125)
Delaware 40 (33 - 50) 4 (4 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 23 (17 - 32) 36 (29 - 45)
District of Columbia 19 (14 - 24) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 10   (7 - 15) 17 (13 - 22)
Florida 637 (557 - 730) 80 (69 - 93) 188 (166 - 212) 369 (301 - 452) 557 (479 - 648)
Georgia 362 (295 - 444) 52 (41 - 65) 121 (100 - 145) 190 (139 - 258) 310 (248 - 388)
Hawaii 53 (41 - 69) 6 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 18) 33 (23 - 47) 48 (36 - 63)
Idaho 72 (59 - 86) 11   (9 - 13) 21 (17 - 25) 40 (31 - 52) 61 (50 - 75)
Illinois 436 (384 - 496) 61 (52 - 71) 141 (125 - 159) 234 (191 - 287) 376 (325 - 433)
Indiana 297 (246 - 359) 43 (35 - 52) 94   (78 - 113) 160 (120 - 213) 254 (205 - 314)
Iowa 90   (71 - 113) 14 (11 - 18) 31 (25 - 39) 45 (31 - 64) 76 (59 - 98)
Kansas 114   (93 - 138) 17 (14 - 21) 37 (30 - 45) 59 (44 - 80) 96   (77 - 120)
Kentucky 212 (173 - 259) 26 (21 - 32) 67 (56 - 79) 119   (89 - 159) 186 (149 - 232)
Louisiana 190 (155 - 233) 23 (18 - 29) 72 (59 - 86) 96   (70 - 131) 167 (134 - 208)
Maine 53 (42 - 66) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (14 - 21) 29 (21 - 41) 47 (37 - 59)
Maryland 186 (146 - 237) 25 (20 - 32) 63 (50 - 79) 98   (69 - 139) 161 (124 - 210)
Massachusetts 293 (239 - 358) 27 (21 - 35) 107   (89 - 129) 158 (118 - 212) 266 (214 - 329)
Michigan 475 (426 - 530) 63 (55 - 71) 151 (137 - 166) 262 (219 - 312) 413 (365 - 466)
Minnesota 191 (154 - 234) 26 (20 - 32) 67 (55 - 81) 98   (71 - 136) 165 (131 - 207)
Mississippi 110   (90 - 135) 19 (16 - 24) 36 (30 - 44) 55 (40 - 76) 91   (72 - 115)
Missouri 215 (175 - 263) 30 (24 - 37) 77 (63 - 94) 108   (79 - 147) 185 (147 - 231)
Montana 43 (35 - 52) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 18) 23 (17 - 31) 37 (30 - 47)
Nebraska 52 (42 - 65) 8   (6 - 10) 20 (16 - 24) 24 (17 - 34) 44 (34 - 56)
Nevada 124 (101 - 151) 18 (14 - 22) 35 (29 - 42) 71 (53 - 96) 106   (85 - 133)
New Hampshire 67 (55 - 80) 7 (6 - 9) 22 (19 - 27) 37 (28 - 48) 59 (48 - 72)
New Jersey 271 (215 - 343) 32 (25 - 42) 101   (83 - 123) 138   (95 - 198) 239 (186 - 308)
New Mexico 92   (73 - 114) 14 (11 - 17) 26 (21 - 32) 52 (37 - 71) 78 (61 - 99)
New York 715 (630 - 812) 80 (68 - 94) 273 (244 - 306) 362 (293 - 446) 635 (552 - 730)
North Carolina 377 (306 - 463) 52 (42 - 64) 117   (96 - 142) 208 (153 - 281) 325 (258 - 409)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (7 - 10) 9   (7 - 13) 18 (14 - 22)
Ohio 523 (468 - 584) 69 (61 - 78) 177 (160 - 196) 276 (230 - 332) 454 (401 - 513)
Oklahoma 241 (196 - 295) 27 (22 - 34) 73 (61 - 87) 140 (103 - 189) 213 (170 - 266)
Oregon 217 (178 - 263) 26 (21 - 31) 60 (51 - 71) 131   (99 - 173) 191 (154 - 236)
Pennsylvania 471 (412 - 538) 60 (51 - 69) 151 (133 - 170) 260 (210 - 321) 411 (354 - 477)
Rhode Island 54 (44 - 66) 5 (4 - 7) 20 (17 - 25) 29 (21 - 39) 49 (39 - 61)
South Carolina 174 (141 - 215) 25 (20 - 31) 53 (43 - 65) 97   (71 - 132) 149 (118 - 189)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 4 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 12   (9 - 17) 21 (17 - 27)
Tennessee 252 (204 - 310) 33 (26 - 41) 79 (65 - 95) 140 (102 - 191) 219 (173 - 276)
Texas 885    (783 - 1,001) 123 (106 - 142) 308 (276 - 344) 454 (371 - 557) 763 (665 - 875)
Utah 114   (94 - 137) 17 (14 - 21) 45 (37 - 55) 51 (38 - 69) 97   (78 - 119)
Vermont 25 (20 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (8 - 11) 13   (9 - 18) 22 (17 - 28)
Virginia 294 (236 - 365) 42 (34 - 52) 93   (76 - 113) 159 (115 - 218) 252 (198 - 320)
Washington 334 (274 - 406) 42 (34 - 52) 99   (83 - 119) 193 (145 - 256) 292 (235 - 362)
West Virginia 91   (75 - 111) 10   (8 - 12) 27 (23 - 33) 54 (40 - 72) 81   (65 - 101)
Wisconsin 225 (183 - 275) 31 (25 - 39) 79 (65 - 96) 114   (83 - 157) 193 (154 - 241)
Wyoming 17 (14 - 21) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 8   (6 - 12) 14 (11 - 18)
121028
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 129,763 (128,357 - 131,169) 3,660 (3,547 - 3,776) 20,439 (20,191 - 20,683) 105,664 (104,311 - 107,017) 126,103 (124,720 - 127,483)
Northeast 26,160 (25,575 - 26,743) 724 (687 - 763) 4,076 (3,972 - 4,177) 21,361 (20,832 - 21,886) 25,436 (24,853 - 26,016)
Midwest 29,871 (29,273 - 30,476) 832 (798 - 868) 4,755 (4,641 - 4,866) 24,284 (23,754 - 24,817) 29,039 (28,439 - 29,639)
South 43,695 (42,700 - 44,680) 1,242 (1,188 - 1,298) 6,853 (6,666 - 7,038) 35,600 (34,718 - 36,470) 42,453 (41,458 - 43,436)
West 30,037 (29,299 - 30,773) 862 (811 - 916) 4,755 (4,613 - 4,896) 24,419 (23,753 - 25,082) 29,175 (28,440 - 29,904)
Alabama 1,657 (1,535 - 1,781) 48 (41 - 56) 275 (255 - 295) 1,334 (1,219 - 1,450) 1,609 (1,488 - 1,731)
Alaska 299 (281 - 316) 9   (7 - 10) 47 (43 - 50) 243 (227 - 259) 290 (273 - 306)
Arizona 2,698 (2,522 - 2,873) 80 (67 - 94) 407 (380 - 434) 2,211 (2,049 - 2,372) 2,619 (2,445 - 2,789)
Arkansas 1,015    (939 - 1,093) 36 (30 - 41) 165 (154 - 177) 815 (744 - 887) 980    (905 - 1,056)
California 15,218 (14,676 - 15,757) 444 (402 - 490) 2,589 (2,487 - 2,689) 12,185 (11,681 - 12,686) 14,774 (14,237 - 15,305)
Colorado 2,529 (2,405 - 2,651) 78 (67 - 89) 367 (346 - 386) 2,085 (1,968 - 2,196) 2,452 (2,328 - 2,570)
Connecticut 1,736 (1,640 - 1,832) 53 (46 - 62) 247 (232 - 261) 1,436 (1,346 - 1,523) 1,683 (1,587 - 1,775)
Delaware 409 (384 - 434) 11 (10 - 13) 64 (61 - 68) 334 (310 - 357) 398 (373 - 422)
District of Columbia 313 (296 - 329) 6 (5 - 7) 62 (59 - 65) 245 (230 - 260) 307 (291 - 323)
Florida 7,925 (7,632 - 8,216) 206 (188 - 226) 1,027    (984 - 1,069) 6,692 (6,413 - 6,968) 7,719 (7,427 - 8,009)
Georgia 3,814 (3,561 - 4,067) 112   (95 - 130) 590 (548 - 631) 3,112 (2,876 - 3,346) 3,702 (3,452 - 3,950)
Hawaii 508 (473 - 542) 11   (9 - 13) 75 (69 - 81) 422 (390 - 454) 497 (463 - 531)
Idaho 561 (524 - 598) 17 (14 - 20) 86 (80 - 93) 458 (423 - 492) 544 (508 - 580)
Illinois 5,757 (5,567 - 5,946) 162 (148 - 176) 948 (914 - 982) 4,647 (4,470 - 4,822) 5,596 (5,407 - 5,782)
Indiana 2,520 (2,356 - 2,685) 76 (66 - 89) 393 (365 - 421) 2,050 (1,899 - 2,202) 2,444 (2,282 - 2,605)
Iowa 1,409 (1,335 - 1,482) 42 (36 - 48) 235 (222 - 247) 1,132 (1,063 - 1,200) 1,367 (1,293 - 1,438)
Kansas 1,227 (1,150 - 1,302) 37 (31 - 43) 213 (200 - 226) 977    (906 - 1,046) 1,190 (1,115 - 1,264)
Kentucky 1,370 (1,258 - 1,486) 41 (34 - 49) 217 (200 - 234) 1,111 (1,006 - 1,220) 1,328 (1,218 - 1,443)
Louisiana 1,742 (1,631 - 1,854) 57 (48 - 66) 323 (304 - 342) 1,362 (1,260 - 1,465) 1,686 (1,576 - 1,794)
Maine 621 (584 - 658) 15 (12 - 17) 82 (77 - 86) 524 (488 - 559) 606 (569 - 642)
Maryland 2,540 (2,366 - 2,712) 64 (54 - 76) 377 (350 - 404) 2,098 (1,937 - 2,256) 2,476 (2,303 - 2,643)
Massachusetts 3,397 (3,223 - 3,565) 84 (72 - 98) 549 (520 - 576) 2,764 (2,602 - 2,918) 3,313 (3,141 - 3,477)
Michigan 4,554 (4,405 - 4,701) 123 (112 - 135) 693 (668 - 716) 3,739 (3,600 - 3,876) 4,431 (4,284 - 4,577)
Minnesota 2,644 (2,507 - 2,779) 62 (53 - 72) 391 (370 - 411) 2,191 (2,060 - 2,315) 2,582 (2,445 - 2,713)
Mississippi 954    (880 - 1,030) 32 (27 - 38) 175 (162 - 189) 746 (678 - 817) 922 (848 - 996)
Missouri 2,455 (2,289 - 2,621) 67 (57 - 79) 382 (357 - 406) 2,005 (1,850 - 2,159) 2,387 (2,223 - 2,550)
Montana 479 (451 - 507) 16 (14 - 19) 73 (69 - 76) 390 (363 - 416) 463 (435 - 490)
Nebraska 779 (734 - 825) 20 (17 - 23) 136 (127 - 144) 624 (581 - 665) 759 (714 - 804)
Nevada 1,160 (1,085 - 1,234) 33 (28 - 38) 149 (139 - 158) 978    (906 - 1,048) 1,127 (1,052 - 1,200)
New Hampshire 717 (683 - 750) 19 (16 - 22) 100   (95 - 105) 598 (566 - 628) 698 (664 - 730)
New Jersey 3,919 (3,657 - 4,179) 107   (91 - 125) 566 (531 - 599) 3,246 (2,996 - 3,491) 3,813 (3,552 - 4,066)
New Mexico 772 (721 - 824) 26 (22 - 30) 130 (121 - 139) 616 (568 - 664) 746 (695 - 797)
New York 9,124 (8,808 - 9,435) 258 (236 - 282) 1,501 (1,447 - 1,552) 7,365 (7,070 - 7,656) 8,866 (8,552 - 9,174)
North Carolina 3,585 (3,345 - 3,826) 93   (79 - 110) 553 (515 - 590) 2,939 (2,715 - 3,162) 3,491 (3,255 - 3,727)
North Dakota 308 (292 - 324) 9   (8 - 11) 64 (60 - 67) 235 (220 - 250) 299 (283 - 314)
Ohio 4,937 (4,763 - 5,109) 141 (129 - 153) 793 (765 - 820) 4,003 (3,840 - 4,164) 4,796 (4,623 - 4,967)
Oklahoma 1,349 (1,246 - 1,453) 41 (34 - 49) 242 (225 - 259) 1,066    (971 - 1,162) 1,308 (1,206 - 1,410)
Oregon 1,904 (1,802 - 2,004) 52 (45 - 60) 258 (243 - 272) 1,594 (1,497 - 1,687) 1,852 (1,750 - 1,950)
Pennsylvania 5,791 (5,583 - 5,996) 164 (149 - 180) 890 (857 - 922) 4,737 (4,542 - 4,929) 5,627 (5,420 - 5,830)
Rhode Island 532 (503 - 560) 15 (13 - 17) 91 (85 - 96) 427 (400 - 452) 517 (489 - 545)
South Carolina 1,697 (1,575 - 1,821) 44 (38 - 52) 250 (232 - 269) 1,402 (1,288 - 1,517) 1,653 (1,532 - 1,774)
South Dakota 380 (359 - 400) 10   (9 - 12) 64 (61 - 67) 305 (286 - 324) 369 (349 - 389)
Tennessee 2,121 (1,962 - 2,284) 56 (47 - 67) 332 (308 - 356) 1,732 (1,583 - 1,885) 2,065 (1,906 - 2,225)
Texas 9,382 (9,040 - 9,724) 298 (270 - 328) 1,601 (1,536 - 1,666) 7,483 (7,165 - 7,799) 9,084 (8,746 - 9,420)
Utah 599 (539 - 662) 17 (13 - 22) 121 (105 - 138) 461 (407 - 519) 582 (522 - 644)
Vermont 323 (305 - 340) 9   (8 - 10) 50 (48 - 53) 264 (247 - 280) 314 (296 - 331)
Virginia 3,235 (3,025 - 3,445) 79 (67 - 93) 503 (470 - 535) 2,653 (2,456 - 2,848) 3,156 (2,948 - 3,362)
Washington 3,070 (2,898 - 3,240) 73 (63 - 85) 416 (389 - 443) 2,581 (2,419 - 2,737) 2,997 (2,827 - 3,163)
West Virginia 587 (536 - 640) 17 (15 - 21) 94   (87 - 102) 475 (427 - 525) 570 (519 - 622)
Wisconsin 2,902 (2,751 - 3,049) 84 (72 - 97) 442 (420 - 463) 2,376 (2,234 - 2,511) 2,818 (2,668 - 2,960)
Wyoming 239 (225 - 254) 7 (6 - 8) 38 (35 - 40) 195 (181 - 208) 232 (218 - 246)
121028
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 59,028 (57,957 - 60,114) 2,199 (2,115 - 2,285) 13,809 (13,553 - 14,067) 43,019 (42,015 - 44,043) 56,829 (55,756 - 57,918)
Northeast 11,475 (11,086 - 11,875) 437 (407 - 470) 2,754 (2,676 - 2,832) 8,285 (7,918 - 8,664) 11,038 (10,651 - 11,435)
Midwest 14,258 (13,900 - 14,622) 515 (486 - 546) 3,361 (3,289 - 3,433) 10,382 (10,040 - 10,734) 13,743 (13,387 - 14,103)
South 20,237 (19,682 - 20,803) 723 (681 - 769) 4,514 (4,397 - 4,631) 15,000 (14,469 - 15,542) 19,514 (18,961 - 20,077)
West 13,057 (12,591 - 13,535) 523 (482 - 567) 3,181 (3,076 - 3,288) 9,353 (8,910 - 9,812) 12,534 (12,069 - 13,011)
Alabama 791 (708 - 880) 28 (23 - 35) 179 (163 - 197) 583 (508 - 666) 762 (681 - 851)
Alaska 133 (120 - 147) 6 (5 - 7) 31 (28 - 34) 96   (84 - 109) 127 (114 - 141)
Arizona 1,221 (1,091 - 1,362) 47 (38 - 58) 283 (257 - 310) 891    (773 - 1,022) 1,174 (1,045 - 1,313)
Arkansas 481 (431 - 535) 21 (17 - 26) 113 (102 - 125) 347 (301 - 397) 460 (411 - 514)
California 6,661 (6,285 - 7,050) 270 (236 - 307) 1,690 (1,603 - 1,778) 4,701 (4,346 - 5,078) 6,391 (6,016 - 6,781)
Colorado 1,070    (968 - 1,177) 42 (35 - 51) 250 (228 - 272) 778 (685 - 878) 1,028    (928 - 1,133)
Connecticut 792 (713 - 876) 38 (31 - 46) 171 (156 - 186) 583 (511 - 662) 754 (676 - 836)
Delaware 190 (171 - 211) 7 (5 - 8) 45 (42 - 49) 138 (121 - 158) 184 (164 - 204)
District of Columbia 151 (137 - 165) 3 (2 - 4) 40 (37 - 44) 108   (95 - 121) 148 (134 - 163)
Florida 3,379 (3,178 - 3,591) 110   (97 - 126) 675 (640 - 711) 2,594 (2,399 - 2,800) 3,269 (3,068 - 3,480)
Georgia 1,670 (1,489 - 1,867) 58 (46 - 72) 369 (330 - 410) 1,244 (1,081 - 1,424) 1,613 (1,433 - 1,808)
Hawaii 240 (214 - 269) 7 (5 - 8) 51 (45 - 57) 183 (159 - 209) 234 (208 - 262)
Idaho 247 (221 - 274) 11   (9 - 14) 59 (53 - 65) 177 (154 - 202) 235 (210 - 263)
Illinois 2,796 (2,656 - 2,940) 103   (92 - 116) 677 (648 - 707) 2,015 (1,883 - 2,154) 2,692 (2,554 - 2,836)
Indiana 1,204 (1,086 - 1,330) 49 (40 - 60) 278 (252 - 304) 876 (768 - 995) 1,154 (1,038 - 1,280)
Iowa 712 (654 - 773) 27 (22 - 32) 171 (158 - 184) 514 (461 - 571) 686 (627 - 745)
Kansas 572 (517 - 630) 22 (18 - 27) 147 (134 - 159) 403 (354 - 457) 550 (496 - 607)
Kentucky 717 (638 - 805) 27 (22 - 34) 162 (146 - 179) 527 (455 - 609) 689 (611 - 776)
Louisiana 853 (771 - 941) 30 (24 - 37) 201 (182 - 221) 622 (548 - 703) 823 (742 - 910)
Maine 249 (224 - 276) 8   (6 - 10) 57 (52 - 62) 185 (161 - 210) 241 (217 - 268)
Maryland 1,015    (896 - 1,145) 39 (31 - 49) 235 (208 - 262) 741 (636 - 858) 976    (858 - 1,104)
Massachusetts 1,380 (1,246 - 1,523) 51 (42 - 63) 356 (326 - 387) 973    (854 - 1,103) 1,329 (1,197 - 1,469)
Michigan 2,112 (2,003 - 2,225) 71 (63 - 81) 469 (448 - 490) 1,572 (1,467 - 1,681) 2,041 (1,932 - 2,153)
Minnesota 1,167 (1,062 - 1,279) 34 (28 - 42) 271 (250 - 293) 862 (764 - 967) 1,133 (1,027 - 1,243)
Mississippi 480 (428 - 536) 18 (15 - 23) 111 (100 - 123) 350 (303 - 403) 461 (409 - 517)
Missouri 1,184 (1,068 - 1,307) 43 (35 - 52) 266 (243 - 290) 875 (771 - 988) 1,141 (1,027 - 1,263)
Montana 218 (197 - 241) 10   (9 - 12) 53 (49 - 57) 155 (135 - 176) 208 (187 - 230)
Nebraska 375 (340 - 413) 13 (10 - 16) 98   (90 - 106) 265 (234 - 300) 363 (328 - 400)
Nevada 559 (502 - 619) 20 (16 - 24) 107   (98 - 117) 432 (379 - 488) 539 (483 - 599)
New Hampshire 284 (257 - 313) 12 (10 - 14) 69 (63 - 74) 203 (179 - 231) 272 (246 - 301)
New Jersey 1,763 (1,582 - 1,958) 65 (52 - 80) 386 (354 - 418) 1,312 (1,144 - 1,497) 1,698 (1,518 - 1,891)
New Mexico 371 (332 - 412) 17 (14 - 20) 87 (79 - 96) 267 (233 - 304) 354 (316 - 395)
New York 3,942 (3,711 - 4,181) 155 (136 - 175) 988    (941 - 1,036) 2,799 (2,583 - 3,027) 3,787 (3,559 - 4,025)
North Carolina 1,572 (1,407 - 1,751) 54 (44 - 67) 350 (315 - 387) 1,167 (1,017 - 1,334) 1,518 (1,354 - 1,696)
North Dakota 159 (146 - 172) 6 (5 - 7) 48 (44 - 51) 105   (94 - 117) 153 (140 - 166)
Ohio 2,418 (2,288 - 2,553) 91   (81 - 103) 570 (546 - 594) 1,757 (1,632 - 1,887) 2,327 (2,197 - 2,462)
Oklahoma 658 (589 - 732) 28 (22 - 35) 159 (143 - 176) 471 (409 - 538) 630 (562 - 703)
Oregon 765 (690 - 847) 29 (24 - 35) 179 (165 - 193) 557 (487 - 635) 736 (661 - 817)
Pennsylvania 2,684 (2,527 - 2,849) 95   (84 - 108) 630 (599 - 661) 1,959 (1,811 - 2,115) 2,589 (2,433 - 2,752)
Rhode Island 241 (218 - 266) 8 (6 - 9) 61 (56 - 67) 172 (151 - 194) 234 (211 - 258)
South Carolina 805 (718 - 900) 23 (18 - 29) 168 (151 - 187) 614 (535 - 702) 783 (696 - 877)
South Dakota 194 (177 - 212) 6 (5 - 8) 47 (44 - 51) 141 (125 - 158) 188 (171 - 206)
Tennessee 969    (858 - 1,090) 36 (29 - 44) 208 (188 - 230) 725 (623 - 839) 933    (823 - 1,053)
Texas 4,694 (4,440 - 4,957) 180 (158 - 203) 1,067 (1,011 - 1,124) 3,447 (3,209 - 3,698) 4,514 (4,262 - 4,776)
Utah 299 (260 - 343) 14 (10 - 19) 89   (76 - 104) 196 (163 - 235) 285 (247 - 328)
Vermont 140 (126 - 154) 5 (4 - 6) 36 (33 - 38) 99   (87 - 112) 134 (121 - 149)
Virginia 1,505 (1,352 - 1,669) 52 (42 - 64) 361 (330 - 393) 1,092    (953 - 1,245) 1,453 (1,301 - 1,617)
Washington 1,170 (1,052 - 1,297) 45 (36 - 55) 277 (252 - 303) 848 (740 - 966) 1,125 (1,009 - 1,250)
West Virginia 308 (275 - 345) 11   (9 - 13) 69 (62 - 75) 229 (199 - 263) 298 (264 - 334)
Wisconsin 1,364 (1,242 - 1,493) 49 (41 - 60) 319 (295 - 342) 997    (884 - 1,118) 1,315 (1,194 - 1,442)
Wyoming 103   (93 - 114) 5 (4 - 6) 25 (23 - 27) 73 (64 - 83) 98   (88 - 109)
121028
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 104,727 (103,457 - 105,992) 9,855   (9,710 - 10,000) 11,003 (10,784 - 11,223) 83,869 (82,633 - 85,101) 94,872 (93,609 - 96,131)
Northeast 18,220 (17,739 - 18,704) 1,644 (1,594 - 1,694) 1,823 (1,759 - 1,888) 14,753 (14,292 - 15,217) 16,576 (16,104 - 17,052)
Midwest 21,326 (20,890 - 21,764) 2,063 (2,014 - 2,112) 2,113 (2,053 - 2,173) 17,151 (16,731 - 17,570) 19,263 (18,833 - 19,696)
South 40,320 (39,645 - 40,998) 3,769 (3,682 - 3,856) 4,296 (4,189 - 4,403) 32,256 (31,604 - 32,911) 36,552 (35,887 - 37,219)
West 24,860 (24,212 - 25,509) 2,380 (2,304 - 2,456) 2,771 (2,669 - 2,874) 19,710 (19,091 - 20,330) 22,481 (21,841 - 23,122)
Alabama 1,753 (1,643 - 1,864) 169 (157 - 181) 192 (175 - 209) 1,392 (1,289 - 1,496) 1,584 (1,477 - 1,693)
Alaska 227 (211 - 243) 26 (24 - 28) 23 (20 - 26) 178 (163 - 193) 201 (186 - 216)
Arizona 2,301 (2,138 - 2,467) 214 (195 - 233) 250 (225 - 276) 1,838 (1,685 - 1,992) 2,088 (1,930 - 2,248)
Arkansas 1,008    (942 - 1,075) 97   (89 - 104) 100   (90 - 110) 812 (749 - 875) 912 (847 - 977)
California 13,033 (12,519 - 13,551) 1,309 (1,244 - 1,375) 1,566 (1,477 - 1,656) 10,158   (9,663 - 10,658) 11,724 (11,215 - 12,236)
Colorado 1,652 (1,526 - 1,782) 144 (131 - 157) 158 (140 - 177) 1,351 (1,234 - 1,471) 1,508 (1,386 - 1,635)
Connecticut 1,195 (1,107 - 1,286) 116 (106 - 126) 117 (105 - 131) 962    (878 - 1,048) 1,079    (993 - 1,169)
Delaware 295 (272 - 318) 28 (25 - 30) 30 (27 - 33) 237 (215 - 259) 267 (245 - 290)
District of Columbia 206 (190 - 223) 16 (15 - 18) 29 (26 - 32) 161 (146 - 177) 190 (174 - 206)
Florida 6,900 (6,646 - 7,155) 557 (530 - 584) 680 (646 - 714) 5,663 (5,419 - 5,909) 6,343 (6,094 - 6,594)
Georgia 3,560 (3,320 - 3,803) 379 (350 - 409) 365 (328 - 403) 2,817 (2,591 - 3,045) 3,181 (2,946 - 3,419)
Hawaii 418 (385 - 452) 40 (36 - 43) 42 (38 - 47) 336 (305 - 368) 379 (346 - 412)
Idaho 496 (464 - 529) 50 (45 - 54) 53 (48 - 58) 394 (363 - 425) 446 (415 - 479)
Illinois 4,232 (4,059 - 4,406) 414 (393 - 434) 444 (419 - 470) 3,374 (3,209 - 3,541) 3,818 (3,650 - 3,988)
Indiana 2,086 (1,938 - 2,238) 203 (185 - 222) 199 (177 - 223) 1,684 (1,544 - 1,828) 1,883 (1,738 - 2,032)
Iowa 880 (815 - 949) 90 (82 - 98) 84 (74 - 94) 707 (646 - 771) 791 (727 - 857)
Kansas 864 (801 - 929) 78 (70 - 87) 84 (74 - 95) 701 (643 - 761) 786 (724 - 849)
Kentucky 1,502 (1,401 - 1,604) 140 (128 - 152) 141 (127 - 157) 1,220 (1,125 - 1,317) 1,362 (1,262 - 1,462)
Louisiana 1,647 (1,544 - 1,750) 164 (151 - 177) 212 (194 - 230) 1,270 (1,175 - 1,367) 1,483 (1,383 - 1,583)
Maine 422 (389 - 456) 36 (33 - 39) 33 (29 - 37) 353 (322 - 385) 386 (354 - 419)
Maryland 2,024 (1,861 - 2,189) 197 (180 - 215) 234 (211 - 258) 1,593 (1,441 - 1,748) 1,826 (1,668 - 1,988)
Massachusetts 1,953 (1,795 - 2,117) 172 (155 - 190) 201 (177 - 226) 1,580 (1,432 - 1,734) 1,781 (1,627 - 1,942)
Michigan 3,270 (3,142 - 3,399) 326 (311 - 342) 345 (326 - 364) 2,598 (2,475 - 2,723) 2,943 (2,817 - 3,071)
Minnesota 1,595 (1,468 - 1,727) 159 (145 - 173) 156 (139 - 175) 1,280 (1,159 - 1,405) 1,436 (1,312 - 1,566)
Mississippi 1,138 (1,070 - 1,207) 116 (108 - 125) 139 (128 - 150) 883 (818 - 948) 1,022    (955 - 1,090)
Missouri 2,021 (1,874 - 2,172) 192 (177 - 208) 193 (172 - 215) 1,636 (1,496 - 1,779) 1,829 (1,684 - 1,978)
Montana 317 (293 - 341) 26 (23 - 28) 31 (28 - 35) 260 (237 - 283) 291 (268 - 315)
Nebraska 512 (468 - 558) 51 (46 - 56) 52 (45 - 59) 409 (368 - 451) 461 (419 - 505)
Nevada 960    (890 - 1,031) 88 (81 - 95) 89 (80 - 98) 783 (716 - 851) 872 (803 - 942)
New Hampshire 400 (367 - 435) 36 (32 - 39) 31 (27 - 35) 334 (302 - 366) 365 (332 - 399)
New Jersey 2,955 (2,718 - 3,197) 246 (223 - 271) 276 (248 - 306) 2,432 (2,207 - 2,662) 2,708 (2,478 - 2,944)
New Mexico 746 (695 - 797) 62 (57 - 67) 84 (75 - 93) 600 (552 - 647) 684 (634 - 734)
New York 6,875 (6,599 - 7,154) 636 (604 - 668) 723 (679 - 768) 5,517 (5,248 - 5,788) 6,239 (5,967 - 6,515)
North Carolina 3,309 (3,101 - 3,519) 285 (261 - 310) 337 (305 - 371) 2,687 (2,489 - 2,887) 3,024 (2,819 - 3,231)
North Dakota 186 (172 - 201) 17 (15 - 18) 22 (19 - 25) 147 (134 - 161) 170 (156 - 184)
Ohio 3,752 (3,594 - 3,914) 350 (333 - 369) 339 (318 - 361) 3,063 (2,909 - 3,219) 3,402 (3,245 - 3,562)
Oklahoma 1,268 (1,168 - 1,370) 115 (104 - 126) 139 (125 - 155) 1,014    (920 - 1,109) 1,153 (1,056 - 1,253)
Oregon 1,235 (1,141 - 1,332) 102   (93 - 111) 105   (94 - 117) 1,029    (939 - 1,121) 1,134 (1,041 - 1,229)
Pennsylvania 3,885 (3,706 - 4,069) 355 (335 - 375) 387 (362 - 413) 3,144 (2,973 - 3,318) 3,531 (3,355 - 3,710)
Rhode Island 340 (314 - 367) 32 (29 - 34) 39 (35 - 44) 269 (245 - 294) 309 (283 - 335)
South Carolina 1,692 (1,577 - 1,809) 147 (135 - 159) 183 (167 - 200) 1,362 (1,251 - 1,473) 1,545 (1,431 - 1,660)
South Dakota 226 (208 - 245) 21 (19 - 24) 22 (20 - 25) 183 (165 - 201) 205 (187 - 224)
Tennessee 2,200 (2,048 - 2,355) 202 (187 - 219) 209 (189 - 230) 1,789 (1,646 - 1,934) 1,998 (1,849 - 2,149)
Texas 8,482 (8,166 - 8,801) 861 (820 - 902) 980    (927 - 1,034) 6,642 (6,336 - 6,950) 7,622 (7,306 - 7,940)
Utah 1,060    (994 - 1,126) 115 (106 - 124) 147 (132 - 162) 799 (738 - 858) 945    (881 - 1,009)
Vermont 194 (179 - 210) 16 (15 - 18) 15 (13 - 18) 163 (148 - 178) 178 (163 - 194)
Virginia 2,666 (2,483 - 2,853) 244 (224 - 265) 270 (242 - 299) 2,153 (1,979 - 2,330) 2,422 (2,243 - 2,605)
Washington 2,240 (2,083 - 2,400) 189 (173 - 207) 207 (185 - 230) 1,843 (1,695 - 1,995) 2,050 (1,897 - 2,207)
West Virginia 670 (622 - 719) 51 (47 - 56) 57 (51 - 63) 562 (516 - 608) 619 (572 - 666)
Wisconsin 1,701 (1,555 - 1,853) 161 (146 - 176) 172 (153 - 192) 1,368 (1,231 - 1,512) 1,540 (1,397 - 1,689)
Wyoming 176 (163 - 189) 16 (15 - 18) 18 (15 - 20) 142 (129 - 154) 159 (147 - 172)
121028
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month
(Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 10,238 (10,004 - 10,475) 6,813 (6,610 - 7,021)
Northeast 2,071 (2,009 - 2,133) 1,373 (1,318 - 1,431)
Midwest 2,322 (2,264 - 2,382) 1,624 (1,571 - 1,679)
South 3,494 (3,404 - 3,585) 2,246 (2,164 - 2,330)
West 2,351 (2,266 - 2,438) 1,569 (1,496 - 1,646)
Alabama 140 (125 - 155) 86 (76 - 98)
Alaska 23 (21 - 26) 17 (15 - 20)
Arizona 201 (179 - 225) 131 (114 - 151)
Arkansas 80 (71 - 89) 51 (44 - 59)
California 1,226 (1,155 - 1,300) 815 (756 - 879)
Colorado 190 (173 - 208) 118 (105 - 132)
Connecticut 129 (117 - 142) 98   (87 - 110)
Delaware 35 (32 - 38) 24 (21 - 27)
District of Columbia 19 (17 - 21) 11   (9 - 12)
Florida 568 (538 - 599) 354 (328 - 382)
Georgia 294 (263 - 326) 180 (157 - 207)
Hawaii 35 (31 - 39) 24 (21 - 28)
Idaho 47 (42 - 53) 32 (27 - 36)
Illinois 469 (445 - 494) 325 (304 - 347)
Indiana 193 (172 - 216) 139 (122 - 159)
Iowa 109   (99 - 119) 78 (69 - 87)
Kansas 102   (92 - 112) 68 (59 - 77)
Kentucky 124 (111 - 139) 87 (76 - 99)
Louisiana 174 (159 - 191) 104   (92 - 118)
Maine 39 (36 - 43) 25 (22 - 29)
Maryland 185 (166 - 205) 120 (104 - 137)
Massachusetts 254 (233 - 275) 172 (154 - 192)
Michigan 349 (331 - 367) 233 (218 - 249)
Minnesota 181 (163 - 200) 128 (113 - 145)
Mississippi 96   (86 - 106) 62 (53 - 71)
Missouri 172 (154 - 191) 119 (104 - 136)
Montana 41 (37 - 44) 29 (26 - 32)
Nebraska 62 (55 - 68) 43 (37 - 49)
Nevada 76 (68 - 84) 53 (46 - 60)
New Hampshire 58 (54 - 63) 41 (37 - 46)
New Jersey 286 (259 - 315) 193 (171 - 218)
New Mexico 66 (58 - 73) 44 (39 - 50)
New York 786 (747 - 826) 493 (458 - 529)
North Carolina 246 (219 - 275) 150 (128 - 174)
North Dakota 30 (28 - 33) 22 (20 - 24)
Ohio 417 (396 - 439) 302 (283 - 321)
Oklahoma 117 (104 - 130) 79 (68 - 91)
Oregon 145 (133 - 159) 93   (83 - 104)
Pennsylvania 443 (419 - 468) 302 (280 - 324)
Rhode Island 45 (42 - 49) 29 (26 - 33)
South Carolina 119 (106 - 133) 73 (63 - 85)
South Dakota 34 (31 - 37) 24 (22 - 27)
Tennessee 149 (132 - 168) 100   (86 - 116)
Texas 853 (808 - 900) 554 (515 - 596)
Utah 57 (47 - 68) 46 (38 - 56)
Vermont 29 (27 - 31) 19 (18 - 21)
Virginia 250 (226 - 276) 179 (158 - 203)
Washington 223 (202 - 246) 152 (134 - 172)
West Virginia 46 (41 - 51) 32 (28 - 37)
Wisconsin 205 (187 - 224) 144 (128 - 161)
Wyoming 21 (19 - 23) 15 (13 - 17)
121028
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 70,385 (69,185 - 71,608) 2,882 (2,787 - 2,980) 13,811 (13,582 - 14,043) 53,692 (52,540 - 54,868) 67,503 (66,307 - 68,722)
Northeast 12,232 (11,797 - 12,677) 493 (463 - 525) 2,496 (2,425 - 2,568) 9,242 (8,824 - 9,672) 11,738 (11,311 - 12,176)
Midwest 16,823 (16,390 - 17,260) 723 (689 - 758) 3,385 (3,316 - 3,456) 12,715 (12,296 - 13,141) 16,100 (15,675 - 16,527)
South 27,022 (26,339 - 27,728) 1,041    (990 - 1,095) 4,958 (4,853 - 5,066) 21,023 (20,353 - 21,712) 25,981 (25,313 - 26,670)
West 14,308 (13,780 - 14,850) 625 (579 - 673) 2,971 (2,872 - 3,072) 10,712 (10,209 - 11,234) 13,684 (13,166 - 14,215)
Alabama 1,271 (1,178 - 1,369) 50 (43 - 59) 230 (212 - 248) 991    (903 - 1,083) 1,221 (1,129 - 1,316)
Alaska 161 (147 - 176) 8   (7 - 10) 34 (31 - 37) 118 (106 - 132) 153 (139 - 167)
Arizona 1,356 (1,224 - 1,497) 55 (45 - 67) 273 (246 - 301) 1,028    (909 - 1,158) 1,301 (1,173 - 1,439)
Arkansas 827 (762 - 894) 35 (29 - 41) 141 (130 - 152) 651 (590 - 714) 792 (729 - 858)
California 6,849 (6,445 - 7,267) 298 (262 - 338) 1,488 (1,406 - 1,573) 5,063 (4,685 - 5,463) 6,551 (6,155 - 6,963)
Colorado 1,113 (1,013 - 1,219) 51 (43 - 60) 230 (210 - 251) 831 (740 - 930) 1,062    (964 - 1,165)
Connecticut 742 (670 - 819) 32 (26 - 38) 151 (137 - 165) 560 (494 - 631) 710 (640 - 785)
Delaware 219 (200 - 239) 9   (8 - 11) 43 (39 - 46) 167 (150 - 186) 210 (191 - 229)
District of Columbia 140 (127 - 154) 3 (3 - 4) 30 (27 - 33) 107   (95 - 120) 137 (124 - 150)
Florida 4,127 (3,908 - 4,356) 143 (128 - 160) 692 (656 - 729) 3,292 (3,078 - 3,515) 3,984 (3,768 - 4,209)
Georgia 2,251 (2,054 - 2,459) 96   (80 - 114) 414 (376 - 452) 1,742 (1,558 - 1,937) 2,155 (1,963 - 2,358)
Hawaii 235 (209 - 262) 9   (7 - 12) 49 (43 - 55) 177 (153 - 202) 225 (201 - 252)
Idaho 329 (302 - 358) 14 (12 - 17) 65 (59 - 71) 249 (224 - 276) 315 (288 - 343)
Illinois 3,074 (2,926 - 3,225) 133 (120 - 146) 647 (618 - 676) 2,295 (2,155 - 2,440) 2,941 (2,797 - 3,090)
Indiana 1,672 (1,541 - 1,808) 74 (63 - 86) 315 (289 - 340) 1,283 (1,163 - 1,409) 1,598 (1,470 - 1,731)
Iowa 751 (692 - 814) 30 (25 - 35) 150 (137 - 162) 572 (517 - 630) 722 (663 - 782)
Kansas 698 (639 - 760) 30 (25 - 36) 153 (141 - 165) 516 (462 - 573) 668 (610 - 729)
Kentucky 1,346 (1,247 - 1,451) 57 (48 - 66) 226 (210 - 242) 1,064    (970 - 1,161) 1,289 (1,191 - 1,391)
Louisiana 1,108 (1,018 - 1,202) 40 (33 - 48) 215 (196 - 234) 853 (770 - 940) 1,068    (979 - 1,160)
Maine 336 (307 - 367) 12 (10 - 14) 60 (55 - 65) 264 (236 - 294) 324 (295 - 355)
Maryland 1,117    (996 - 1,247) 42 (34 - 51) 218 (194 - 244) 857 (747 - 977) 1,075    (957 - 1,202)
Massachusetts 1,383 (1,253 - 1,522) 52 (43 - 63) 314 (287 - 342) 1,017    (899 - 1,145) 1,331 (1,203 - 1,466)
Michigan 2,539 (2,416 - 2,664) 109   (99 - 119) 498 (478 - 519) 1,931 (1,814 - 2,053) 2,430 (2,310 - 2,554)
Minnesota 1,198 (1,098 - 1,301) 53 (44 - 62) 273 (253 - 294) 872 (781 - 969) 1,145 (1,048 - 1,246)
Mississippi 746 (686 - 809) 31 (26 - 36) 143 (132 - 155) 573 (518 - 630) 716 (657 - 777)
Missouri 1,598 (1,471 - 1,731) 70 (60 - 82) 296 (272 - 319) 1,233 (1,115 - 1,357) 1,528 (1,403 - 1,658)
Montana 253 (232 - 274) 12 (10 - 14) 52 (48 - 56) 189 (170 - 209) 241 (221 - 262)
Nebraska 422 (384 - 461) 18 (15 - 21) 88 (80 - 96) 316 (282 - 352) 404 (367 - 442)
Nevada 606 (547 - 668) 26 (21 - 31) 100   (91 - 109) 480 (425 - 540) 580 (522 - 641)
New Hampshire 315 (288 - 343) 13 (11 - 16) 60 (55 - 66) 241 (216 - 268) 302 (275 - 330)
New Jersey 1,794 (1,605 - 1,997) 69 (56 - 84) 334 (304 - 366) 1,391 (1,215 - 1,584) 1,725 (1,539 - 1,925)
New Mexico 433 (395 - 474) 21 (17 - 25) 97   (88 - 106) 315 (281 - 353) 412 (375 - 452)
New York 4,022 (3,786 - 4,268) 165 (147 - 184) 885 (839 - 932) 2,972 (2,750 - 3,206) 3,858 (3,625 - 4,099)
North Carolina 2,366 (2,177 - 2,563) 87   (74 - 103) 414 (380 - 449) 1,865 (1,688 - 2,050) 2,279 (2,094 - 2,472)
North Dakota 162 (148 - 175) 7 (6 - 8) 41 (38 - 44) 114 (102 - 127) 155 (142 - 169)
Ohio 3,084 (2,941 - 3,232) 133 (121 - 145) 601 (576 - 625) 2,351 (2,213 - 2,493) 2,952 (2,811 - 3,097)
Oklahoma 1,030    (942 - 1,121) 40 (34 - 48) 199 (183 - 215) 790 (710 - 874) 989    (904 - 1,078)
Oregon 959    (879 - 1,045) 44 (37 - 51) 174 (161 - 188) 741 (665 - 822) 916 (836 - 999)
Pennsylvania 3,257 (3,090 - 3,430) 136 (123 - 150) 608 (579 - 638) 2,513 (2,352 - 2,680) 3,121 (2,956 - 3,292)
Rhode Island 234 (211 - 258) 8   (7 - 10) 53 (48 - 58) 173 (152 - 195) 226 (203 - 249)
South Carolina 1,157 (1,059 - 1,261) 42 (35 - 50) 208 (191 - 225) 907    (816 - 1,004) 1,115 (1,018 - 1,217)
South Dakota 206 (190 - 222) 10   (8 - 11) 45 (42 - 48) 151 (136 - 167) 196 (180 - 212)
Tennessee 1,733 (1,592 - 1,881) 62 (52 - 72) 292 (270 - 315) 1,379 (1,247 - 1,518) 1,671 (1,532 - 1,816)
Texas 5,243 (4,965 - 5,528) 212 (189 - 237) 1,050    (997 - 1,105) 3,981 (3,720 - 4,253) 5,031 (4,759 - 5,311)
Utah 393 (346 - 443) 17 (13 - 22) 94   (81 - 108) 282 (242 - 328) 376 (331 - 425)
Vermont 148 (134 - 162) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (28 - 33) 111   (99 - 125) 142 (128 - 156)
Virginia 1,750 (1,594 - 1,916) 71 (60 - 84) 347 (317 - 378) 1,332 (1,187 - 1,488) 1,679 (1,526 - 1,842)
Washington 1,469 (1,345 - 1,601) 62 (52 - 73) 284 (260 - 309) 1,123 (1,008 - 1,247) 1,407 (1,285 - 1,536)
West Virginia 591 (546 - 637) 22 (19 - 26) 96   (89 - 102) 473 (430 - 517) 568 (524 - 614)
Wisconsin 1,419 (1,302 - 1,542) 58 (49 - 69) 279 (258 - 302) 1,082    (973 - 1,198) 1,361 (1,246 - 1,482)
Wyoming 152 (139 - 164) 8 (7 - 9) 30 (28 - 32) 114 (102 - 126) 144 (132 - 156)
121028
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 59,274 (58,147 - 60,424) 2,249 (2,163 - 2,339) 11,906 (11,688 - 12,126) 45,119 (44,040 - 46,224) 57,025 (55,900 - 58,173)
Northeast 10,358   (9,950 - 10,779) 383 (356 - 411) 2,176 (2,103 - 2,251) 7,799 (7,404 - 8,208) 9,975   (9,572 - 10,390)
Midwest 14,129 (13,703 - 14,561) 571 (542 - 600) 2,917 (2,845 - 2,989) 10,642 (10,228 - 11,065) 13,558 (13,139 - 13,981)
South 22,690 (22,014 - 23,389) 824 (777 - 873) 4,277 (4,165 - 4,391) 17,589 (16,926 - 18,275) 21,866 (21,202 - 22,553)
West 12,098 (11,591 - 12,619) 472 (435 - 511) 2,536 (2,435 - 2,640) 9,090 (8,607 - 9,595) 11,626 (11,127 - 12,141)
Alabama 1,035    (945 - 1,131) 39 (33 - 47) 193 (175 - 211) 803 (719 - 892) 995    (906 - 1,090)
Alaska 133 (120 - 146) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (27 - 33) 97   (86 - 110) 127 (114 - 140)
Arizona 1,159 (1,047 - 1,279) 47 (38 - 57) 227 (202 - 254) 885 (784 - 995) 1,112 (1,003 - 1,229)
Arkansas 710 (651 - 773) 28 (23 - 33) 127 (116 - 138) 556 (500 - 615) 682 (623 - 744)
California 5,794 (5,415 - 6,190) 222 (193 - 255) 1,281 (1,201 - 1,363) 4,292 (3,935 - 4,673) 5,572 (5,197 - 5,965)
Colorado 908    (818 - 1,005) 37 (31 - 45) 192 (173 - 213) 679 (596 - 769) 871 (782 - 966)
Connecticut 629 (562 - 701) 25 (21 - 30) 133 (119 - 147) 471 (410 - 539) 604 (538 - 675)
Delaware 185 (167 - 204) 7 (6 - 8) 37 (34 - 41) 140 (124 - 158) 178 (160 - 197)
District of Columbia 121 (109 - 134) 2 (2 - 3) 26 (23 - 29) 93   (82 - 105) 119 (107 - 132)
Florida 3,491 (3,274 - 3,721) 112   (99 - 127) 588 (554 - 624) 2,790 (2,580 - 3,013) 3,379 (3,164 - 3,606)
Georgia 1,910 (1,722 - 2,110) 74 (61 - 89) 362 (327 - 399) 1,474 (1,302 - 1,660) 1,836 (1,652 - 2,033)
Hawaii 213 (190 - 238) 7 (6 - 9) 45 (39 - 50) 161 (140 - 185) 206 (183 - 231)
Idaho 284 (258 - 312) 12 (10 - 14) 58 (52 - 63) 215 (191 - 240) 272 (247 - 299)
Illinois 2,642 (2,492 - 2,797) 107   (95 - 119) 570 (541 - 598) 1,966 (1,823 - 2,116) 2,535 (2,388 - 2,688)
Indiana 1,404 (1,283 - 1,533) 57 (48 - 68) 278 (253 - 304) 1,069    (958 - 1,188) 1,347 (1,227 - 1,474)
Iowa 619 (562 - 679) 24 (20 - 29) 126 (114 - 139) 468 (417 - 524) 595 (539 - 653)
Kansas 570 (516 - 627) 25 (21 - 30) 128 (116 - 140) 417 (369 - 469) 545 (492 - 601)
Kentucky 1,129 (1,037 - 1,227) 42 (35 - 50) 190 (173 - 206) 897 (810 - 989) 1,087    (996 - 1,183)
Louisiana 959    (872 - 1,050) 31 (25 - 38) 189 (171 - 207) 739 (659 - 824) 927    (842 - 1,017)
Maine 289 (261 - 319) 10   (8 - 12) 53 (48 - 58) 226 (200 - 254) 279 (252 - 308)
Maryland 928    (816 - 1,052) 35 (28 - 43) 190 (167 - 216) 703 (601 - 817) 893    (782 - 1,015)
Massachusetts 1,159 (1,041 - 1,286) 38 (31 - 47) 263 (236 - 291) 858 (752 - 975) 1,121 (1,004 - 1,246)
Michigan 2,176 (2,063 - 2,293) 87 (78 - 97) 433 (411 - 454) 1,656 (1,548 - 1,770) 2,089 (1,977 - 2,205)
Minnesota 1,020    (925 - 1,121) 41 (34 - 49) 236 (214 - 257) 743 (657 - 837) 979    (885 - 1,078)
Mississippi 623 (567 - 682) 24 (20 - 30) 121 (110 - 133) 477 (426 - 532) 598 (543 - 656)
Missouri 1,288 (1,172 - 1,411) 53 (44 - 63) 247 (224 - 271) 988    (881 - 1,103) 1,235 (1,121 - 1,356)
Montana 201 (181 - 221) 9   (7 - 10) 42 (38 - 45) 151 (132 - 170) 192 (173 - 213)
Nebraska 353 (321 - 387) 14 (11 - 16) 75 (68 - 83) 264 (234 - 296) 339 (307 - 373)
Nevada 521 (465 - 581) 20 (17 - 24) 84 (75 - 93) 417 (364 - 474) 500 (446 - 560)
New Hampshire 262 (238 - 287) 11   (9 - 13) 52 (48 - 57) 198 (176 - 222) 251 (228 - 276)
New Jersey 1,510 (1,342 - 1,694) 53 (43 - 65) 306 (275 - 339) 1,151    (995 - 1,324) 1,457 (1,291 - 1,638)
New Mexico 369 (333 - 408) 16 (14 - 20) 82 (74 - 91) 270 (237 - 307) 353 (317 - 391)
New York 3,488 (3,263 - 3,723) 126 (111 - 143) 778 (735 - 822) 2,584 (2,372 - 2,809) 3,362 (3,140 - 3,594)
North Carolina 1,998 (1,820 - 2,188) 67 (55 - 80) 360 (327 - 394) 1,572 (1,404 - 1,751) 1,931 (1,755 - 2,119)
North Dakota 132 (119 - 145) 5 (4 - 6) 32 (29 - 36) 94   (83 - 106) 127 (114 - 139)
Ohio 2,552 (2,417 - 2,691) 103   (93 - 114) 508 (484 - 532) 1,941 (1,811 - 2,077) 2,449 (2,316 - 2,587)
Oklahoma 835 (756 - 918) 33 (27 - 40) 169 (153 - 185) 633 (562 - 710) 802 (725 - 884)
Oregon 797 (722 - 877) 30 (25 - 36) 145 (131 - 159) 621 (551 - 697) 766 (693 - 845)
Pennsylvania 2,702 (2,545 - 2,865) 109   (97 - 123) 520 (491 - 550) 2,073 (1,923 - 2,230) 2,593 (2,438 - 2,754)
Rhode Island 201 (180 - 223) 6 (5 - 8) 45 (40 - 50) 149 (130 - 170) 194 (174 - 216)
South Carolina 996    (910 - 1,088) 34 (28 - 41) 177 (160 - 195) 785 (704 - 871) 962    (877 - 1,053)
South Dakota 164 (150 - 180) 7 (6 - 9) 36 (33 - 39) 121 (108 - 135) 157 (143 - 172)
Tennessee 1,456 (1,328 - 1,593) 48 (40 - 57) 246 (224 - 268) 1,163 (1,041 - 1,293) 1,408 (1,281 - 1,543)
Texas 4,362 (4,109 - 4,624) 173 (151 - 197) 921 (868 - 975) 3,268 (3,030 - 3,519) 4,189 (3,940 - 4,448)
Utah 350 (307 - 397) 14 (10 - 18) 84 (71 - 98) 253 (215 - 295) 336 (294 - 383)
Vermont 119 (107 - 133) 4 (3 - 5) 26 (24 - 29) 89   (78 - 102) 115 (103 - 129)
Virginia 1,479 (1,332 - 1,637) 58 (48 - 69) 298 (268 - 329) 1,123    (990 - 1,269) 1,421 (1,277 - 1,577)
Washington 1,253 (1,134 - 1,381) 46 (38 - 56) 245 (220 - 270) 962    (852 - 1,081) 1,206 (1,088 - 1,333)
West Virginia 473 (432 - 517) 17 (15 - 20) 83 (76 - 90) 372 (333 - 414) 456 (415 - 499)
Wisconsin 1,210 (1,101 - 1,325) 48 (40 - 57) 248 (226 - 271) 914    (814 - 1,021) 1,162 (1,055 - 1,275)
Wyoming 117 (107 - 128) 5 (4 - 6) 24 (21 - 26) 88 (79 - 99) 112 (102 - 123)
121028
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 181,171 (180,041 - 182,272) 16,714 (16,569 - 16,857) 22,213 (22,006 - 22,416) 142,244 (141,149 - 143,309) 164,457 (163,335 - 165,550)
Northeast 34,310 (33,868 - 34,740) 3,037 (2,987 - 3,085) 4,189 (4,110 - 4,266) 27,085 (26,674 - 27,482) 31,274 (30,842 - 31,693)
Midwest 37,902 (37,432 - 38,363) 3,630 (3,580 - 3,680) 4,616 (4,535 - 4,696) 29,655 (29,223 - 30,076) 34,271 (33,813 - 34,721)
South 65,847 (65,137 - 66,537) 5,966 (5,883 - 6,048) 7,875 (7,750 - 7,997) 52,006 (51,354 - 52,636) 59,881 (59,187 - 60,553)
West 43,111 (42,534 - 43,671) 4,080 (4,007 - 4,152) 5,533 (5,426 - 5,636) 33,499 (32,971 - 34,007) 39,031 (38,468 - 39,576)
Alabama 2,631 (2,523 - 2,734) 235 (222 - 248) 314 (296 - 331) 2,082 (1,980 - 2,178) 2,396 (2,290 - 2,496)
Alaska 387 (372 - 402) 42 (40 - 44) 49 (46 - 52) 296 (282 - 309) 346 (331 - 360)
Arizona 3,824 (3,670 - 3,968) 358 (338 - 376) 451 (425 - 476) 3,015 (2,872 - 3,146) 3,466 (3,315 - 3,607)
Arkansas 1,599 (1,531 - 1,664) 150 (142 - 157) 185 (174 - 195) 1,265 (1,199 - 1,326) 1,449 (1,382 - 1,513)
California 22,779 (22,333 - 23,207) 2,185 (2,124 - 2,245) 3,096 (3,012 - 3,176) 17,498 (17,082 - 17,892) 20,594 (20,155 - 21,011)
Colorado 3,001 (2,892 - 3,102) 263 (251 - 275) 353 (334 - 372) 2,384 (2,282 - 2,477) 2,737 (2,631 - 2,837)
Connecticut 2,175 (2,094 - 2,252) 203 (193 - 212) 251 (238 - 264) 1,721 (1,645 - 1,791) 1,973 (1,893 - 2,047)
Delaware 540 (520 - 559) 48 (46 - 51) 65 (62 - 68) 427 (408 - 444) 492 (472 - 510)
District of Columbia 394 (381 - 406) 24 (23 - 25) 62 (59 - 65) 307 (295 - 318) 370 (357 - 382)
Florida 11,613 (11,381 - 11,835) 923 (897 - 948) 1,257 (1,222 - 1,291) 9,433 (9,212 - 9,642) 10,690 (10,462 - 10,908)
Georgia 5,677 (5,469 - 5,872) 559 (532 - 585) 691 (655 - 725) 4,427 (4,231 - 4,607) 5,118 (4,913 - 5,309)
Hawaii 778 (748 - 805) 66 (62 - 69) 90 (84 - 95) 622 (595 - 648) 712 (683 - 739)
Idaho 856 (825 - 886) 90 (86 - 94) 106 (100 - 111) 660 (631 - 688) 766 (736 - 795)
Illinois 7,482 (7,313 - 7,646) 714 (694 - 733) 957 (927 - 986) 5,811 (5,652 - 5,964) 6,769 (6,602 - 6,929)
Indiana 3,542 (3,397 - 3,680) 349 (332 - 366) 423 (397 - 448) 2,769 (2,635 - 2,897) 3,192 (3,051 - 3,327)
Iowa 1,625 (1,556 - 1,692) 154 (146 - 162) 198 (185 - 210) 1,273 (1,209 - 1,335) 1,471 (1,403 - 1,537)
Kansas 1,550 (1,482 - 1,615) 143 (134 - 151) 203 (191 - 215) 1,205 (1,142 - 1,263) 1,407 (1,341 - 1,470)
Kentucky 2,197 (2,087 - 2,303) 216 (204 - 227) 230 (214 - 246) 1,751 (1,646 - 1,852) 1,981 (1,872 - 2,086)
Louisiana 2,616 (2,520 - 2,707) 247 (234 - 259) 352 (333 - 369) 2,017 (1,928 - 2,099) 2,369 (2,275 - 2,457)
Maine 794 (764 - 823) 68 (65 - 71) 79 (74 - 83) 647 (618 - 674) 726 (696 - 754)
Maryland 3,519 (3,383 - 3,645) 313 (296 - 329) 425 (401 - 447) 2,781 (2,655 - 2,895) 3,206 (3,072 - 3,328)
Massachusetts 4,031 (3,886 - 4,168) 351 (335 - 367) 522 (494 - 548) 3,158 (3,022 - 3,283) 3,680 (3,537 - 3,814)
Michigan 5,743 (5,610 - 5,871) 547 (531 - 563) 689 (668 - 710) 4,506 (4,380 - 4,627) 5,195 (5,065 - 5,321)
Minnesota 2,999 (2,879 - 3,114) 287 (273 - 300) 359 (338 - 380) 2,353 (2,240 - 2,460) 2,713 (2,595 - 2,825)
Mississippi 1,650 (1,589 - 1,709) 159 (150 - 167) 211 (200 - 222) 1,280 (1,222 - 1,335) 1,492 (1,431 - 1,549)
Missouri 3,361 (3,223 - 3,493) 324 (309 - 339) 388 (364 - 411) 2,649 (2,518 - 2,771) 3,037 (2,900 - 3,167)
Montana 561 (537 - 583) 50 (48 - 53) 66 (62 - 69) 445 (422 - 466) 510 (487 - 532)
Nebraska 1,001    (961 - 1,039) 95   (90 - 100) 128 (120 - 135) 778 (741 - 813) 906 (867 - 943)
Nevada 1,551 (1,490 - 1,608) 145 (137 - 152) 170 (161 - 179) 1,236 (1,178 - 1,289) 1,406 (1,346 - 1,462)
New Hampshire 806 (776 - 834) 69 (66 - 73) 88 (83 - 93) 648 (620 - 674) 736 (707 - 764)
New Jersey 5,398 (5,198 - 5,584) 497 (475 - 519) 609 (578 - 638) 4,291 (4,102 - 4,465) 4,900 (4,705 - 5,082)
New Mexico 1,218 (1,176 - 1,257) 108 (102 - 113) 156 (148 - 164) 954 (915 - 989) 1,110 (1,069 - 1,148)
New York 12,739 (12,498 - 12,969) 1,114 (1,083 - 1,143) 1,649 (1,603 - 1,693) 9,976   (9,747 - 10,191) 11,625 (11,389 - 11,849)
North Carolina 5,420 (5,218 - 5,610) 506 (482 - 528) 629 (595 - 662) 4,285 (4,095 - 4,461) 4,914 (4,714 - 5,101)
North Dakota 361 (346 - 375) 32 (30 - 34) 58 (55 - 61) 270 (256 - 283) 329 (314 - 343)
Ohio 6,634 (6,479 - 6,784) 635 (618 - 651) 765 (742 - 789) 5,233 (5,085 - 5,375) 5,999 (5,846 - 6,146)
Oklahoma 2,029 (1,940 - 2,113) 181 (170 - 192) 263 (247 - 278) 1,585 (1,502 - 1,662) 1,848 (1,761 - 1,929)
Oregon 2,284 (2,198 - 2,365) 196 (187 - 205) 244 (230 - 257) 1,844 (1,762 - 1,920) 2,088 (2,003 - 2,168)
Pennsylvania 7,328 (7,150 - 7,500) 644 (625 - 663) 857 (827 - 886) 5,827 (5,657 - 5,989) 6,684 (6,509 - 6,853)
Rhode Island 638 (613 - 662) 56 (53 - 59) 88 (83 - 92) 495 (471 - 517) 582 (557 - 606)
South Carolina 2,644 (2,542 - 2,741) 234 (222 - 246) 306 (289 - 322) 2,104 (2,008 - 2,194) 2,410 (2,310 - 2,505)
South Dakota 447 (428 - 465) 44 (42 - 46) 59 (56 - 62) 344 (326 - 361) 403 (385 - 421)
Tennessee 3,468 (3,318 - 3,612) 312 (295 - 328) 384 (361 - 405) 2,772 (2,628 - 2,908) 3,156 (3,008 - 3,297)
Texas 14,188 (13,898 - 14,467) 1,359 (1,316 - 1,401) 1,852 (1,796 - 1,906) 10,977 (10,706 - 11,235) 12,829 (12,546 - 13,100)
Utah 1,608 (1,556 - 1,657) 189 (181 - 196) 265 (251 - 279) 1,154 (1,108 - 1,196) 1,419 (1,368 - 1,466)
Vermont 401 (387 - 414) 33 (31 - 34) 46 (44 - 48) 322 (308 - 334) 368 (354 - 381)
Virginia 4,650 (4,471 - 4,817) 417 (397 - 436) 545 (514 - 574) 3,688 (3,519 - 3,842) 4,232 (4,057 - 4,396)
Washington 3,956 (3,812 - 4,093) 359 (342 - 375) 449 (424 - 472) 3,148 (3,011 - 3,275) 3,597 (3,455 - 3,730)
West Virginia 1,013    (968 - 1,056) 83 (79 - 87) 105   (98 - 111) 825 (781 - 866) 930 (885 - 973)
Wisconsin 3,157 (3,023 - 3,285) 307 (292 - 321) 388 (366 - 409) 2,463 (2,336 - 2,582) 2,851 (2,718 - 2,977)
Wyoming 309 (297 - 321) 29 (28 - 30) 38 (36 - 40) 242 (231 - 253) 280 (268 - 291)
121028
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 18,620 (18,029 - 19,229) 1,178 (1,114 - 1,245) 5,574 (5,412 - 5,741) 11,867 (11,327 - 12,433) 17,442 (16,856 - 18,048)
Northeast 3,432 (3,242 - 3,634) 205 (186 - 226) 1,078 (1,018 - 1,141) 2,149 (1,972 - 2,340) 3,227 (3,042 - 3,424)
Midwest 4,315 (4,128 - 4,509) 280 (259 - 303) 1,332 (1,270 - 1,397) 2,703 (2,529 - 2,888) 4,035 (3,853 - 4,224)
South 6,314 (6,005 - 6,640) 374 (343 - 408) 1,805 (1,709 - 1,906) 4,135 (3,844 - 4,445) 5,940 (5,639 - 6,258)
West 4,558 (4,299 - 4,830) 318 (288 - 351) 1,358 (1,275 - 1,446) 2,882 (2,648 - 3,135) 4,240 (3,988 - 4,505)
Alabama 247 (209 - 292) 16 (12 - 21) 70 (59 - 82) 162 (130 - 202) 232 (195 - 275)
Alaska 44 (37 - 52) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 28 (22 - 35) 41 (34 - 49)
Arizona 408 (345 - 481) 29 (22 - 38) 125 (106 - 147) 253 (203 - 316) 379 (320 - 448)
Arkansas 158 (134 - 186) 11   (9 - 15) 46 (39 - 54) 101   (81 - 125) 147 (124 - 173)
California 2,366 (2,155 - 2,595) 166 (141 - 195) 709 (644 - 778) 1,492 (1,306 - 1,703) 2,200 (1,995 - 2,423)
Colorado 365 (311 - 427) 24 (19 - 31) 111   (96 - 128) 230 (185 - 283) 341 (289 - 400)
Connecticut 253 (215 - 297) 17 (13 - 22) 72 (62 - 84) 164 (131 - 204) 236 (199 - 278)
Delaware 57 (49 - 67) 3 (3 - 4) 18 (15 - 21) 36 (29 - 45) 54 (46 - 64)
District of Columbia 47 (40 - 55) 1 (1 - 2) 15 (13 - 17) 31 (25 - 39) 46 (39 - 54)
Florida 1,067    (958 - 1,190) 58 (49 - 70) 263 (238 - 291) 745 (645 - 861) 1,009    (903 - 1,129)
Georgia 521 (437 - 620) 28 (20 - 38) 152 (129 - 179) 341 (270 - 429) 493 (413 - 589)
Hawaii 80 (66 - 97) 5 (4 - 8) 21 (18 - 26) 53 (41 - 68) 74 (61 - 90)
Idaho 88   (75 - 102) 7 (5 - 9) 27 (23 - 31) 54 (44 - 66) 81 (69 - 94)
Illinois 803 (732 - 879) 46 (39 - 55) 257 (236 - 280) 500 (436 - 572) 757 (688 - 831)
Indiana 367 (312 - 430) 27 (20 - 35) 115   (98 - 135) 225 (180 - 279) 340 (288 - 401)
Iowa 215 (186 - 248) 16 (12 - 21) 67 (58 - 77) 132 (108 - 161) 199 (171 - 230)
Kansas 183 (156 - 215) 13 (10 - 17) 62 (53 - 73) 108   (86 - 135) 170 (144 - 201)
Kentucky 211 (176 - 254) 13   (9 - 18) 61 (51 - 72) 137 (108 - 174) 198 (165 - 239)
Louisiana 254 (214 - 300) 13 (10 - 18) 78 (67 - 92) 162 (129 - 202) 240 (202 - 284)
Maine 76 (64 - 90) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (19 - 26) 50 (40 - 62) 72 (61 - 86)
Maryland 330 (273 - 399) 17 (12 - 23) 93   (77 - 111) 220 (173 - 280) 313 (258 - 379)
Massachusetts 410 (349 - 480) 24 (18 - 31) 144 (123 - 167) 242 (192 - 304) 386 (327 - 453)
Michigan 635 (578 - 698) 41 (35 - 49) 183 (166 - 200) 412 (360 - 470) 594 (539 - 655)
Minnesota 400 (341 - 466) 24 (19 - 32) 121 (105 - 138) 254 (205 - 314) 375 (319 - 439)
Mississippi 149 (124 - 177) 9   (7 - 13) 44 (37 - 52) 96   (76 - 120) 140 (116 - 167)
Missouri 374 (321 - 434) 25 (19 - 32) 110   (94 - 128) 238 (195 - 291) 349 (298 - 406)
Montana 79 (69 - 91) 6 (5 - 8) 26 (23 - 29) 47 (38 - 58) 73 (63 - 85)
Nebraska 124 (106 - 144) 8   (6 - 11) 40 (35 - 46) 76 (61 - 93) 115   (99 - 135)
Nevada 162 (136 - 192) 12   (9 - 15) 41 (35 - 48) 109   (87 - 136) 150 (126 - 179)
New Hampshire 84 (71 - 99) 5 (4 - 7) 26 (22 - 30) 53 (42 - 66) 78 (66 - 93)
New Jersey 478 (398 - 573) 26 (19 - 35) 138 (119 - 160) 314 (245 - 400) 452 (375 - 544)
New Mexico 140 (120 - 164) 11   (8 - 14) 43 (36 - 50) 87   (70 - 108) 129 (110 - 152)
New York 1,290 (1,171 - 1,421) 82 (69 - 96) 410 (374 - 448) 799 (694 - 919) 1,209 (1,094 - 1,335)
North Carolina 474 (397 - 565) 25 (18 - 34) 139 (117 - 163) 310 (245 - 391) 449 (375 - 537)
North Dakota 45 (39 - 51) 3 (2 - 3) 18 (16 - 21) 24 (19 - 29) 42 (36 - 48)
Ohio 728 (663 - 799) 49 (42 - 57) 216 (198 - 235) 463 (404 - 530) 679 (616 - 749)
Oklahoma 223 (189 - 263) 15 (11 - 20) 69 (58 - 81) 140 (112 - 174) 209 (176 - 247)
Oregon 272 (232 - 318) 18 (14 - 24) 72 (63 - 83) 181 (146 - 223) 253 (215 - 298)
Pennsylvania 726 (653 - 807) 41 (34 - 50) 229 (207 - 253) 455 (390 - 531) 685 (614 - 764)
Rhode Island 73 (62 - 86) 4 (3 - 5) 23 (19 - 27) 46 (37 - 58) 69 (59 - 82)
South Carolina 292 (246 - 347) 14 (11 - 19) 76 (65 - 89) 202 (161 - 252) 278 (233 - 331)
South Dakota 64 (55 - 73) 4 (3 - 6) 21 (19 - 24) 38 (31 - 47) 59 (51 - 68)
Tennessee 319 (265 - 384) 16 (12 - 22) 88   (75 - 104) 215 (168 - 273) 303 (251 - 365)
Texas 1,352 (1,225 - 1,490) 98   (82 - 116) 404 (365 - 447) 850 (739 - 976) 1,254 (1,132 - 1,388)
Utah 129 (107 - 155) 8   (6 - 12) 47 (38 - 57) 74 (58 - 95) 121 (100 - 146)
Vermont 42 (36 - 49) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 16) 26 (21 - 32) 40 (34 - 46)
Virginia 512 (438 - 597) 31 (23 - 40) 163 (141 - 187) 319 (257 - 395) 481 (410 - 563)
Washington 387 (331 - 452) 25 (19 - 32) 111   (95 - 130) 251 (203 - 308) 362 (308 - 425)
West Virginia 100   (84 - 120) 6 (4 - 8) 27 (23 - 32) 67 (53 - 85) 95   (79 - 113)
Wisconsin 379 (324 - 442) 24 (19 - 32) 121 (105 - 139) 234 (188 - 290) 355 (302 - 414)
Wyoming 38 (32 - 43) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (10 - 13) 23 (19 - 28) 35 (30 - 40)
121028
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,885 (8,469 - 9,321) 474 (435 - 516) 2,315 (2,209 - 2,425) 6,097 (5,702 - 6,517) 8,411 (7,999 - 8,844)
Northeast 1,633 (1,498 - 1,780) 85 (74 - 98) 455 (418 - 495) 1,093    (964 - 1,238) 1,548 (1,414 - 1,694)
Midwest 1,935 (1,808 - 2,069) 107   (95 - 120) 551 (515 - 589) 1,277 (1,156 - 1,410) 1,828 (1,702 - 1,962)
South 3,146 (2,923 - 3,387) 156 (138 - 176) 757 (707 - 811) 2,233 (2,015 - 2,474) 2,990 (2,769 - 3,230)
West 2,171 (1,986 - 2,373) 126 (108 - 146) 552 (503 - 605) 1,494 (1,319 - 1,690) 2,045 (1,861 - 2,247)
Alabama 122   (98 - 152) 7 (5 - 9) 32 (25 - 40) 84   (62 - 113) 116   (91 - 146)
Alaska 21 (17 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (11 - 20) 20 (16 - 25)
Arizona 185 (149 - 228) 11   (8 - 15) 51 (40 - 63) 123   (91 - 165) 174 (139 - 217)
Arkansas 76 (62 - 94) 4 (3 - 6) 20 (16 - 25) 52 (39 - 70) 72 (58 - 90)
California 1,153 (1,005 - 1,319) 68 (55 - 85) 283 (244 - 328) 801 (664 - 965) 1,084    (938 - 1,251)
Colorado 152 (123 - 187) 7   (5 - 10) 37 (29 - 47) 108   (81 - 143) 145 (116 - 180)
Connecticut 102   (82 - 126) 6 (4 - 8) 26 (21 - 33) 70 (52 - 94) 96   (76 - 120)
Delaware 25 (20 - 32) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 18 (13 - 24) 24 (19 - 30)
District of Columbia 23 (19 - 29) 0 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 22) 23 (19 - 28)
Florida 555 (473 - 652) 24 (18 - 30) 111   (95 - 129) 421 (342 - 518) 532 (450 - 628)
Georgia 277 (219 - 350) 12   (8 - 17) 63 (49 - 80) 202 (147 - 276) 265 (207 - 338)
Hawaii 34 (27 - 43) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (7 - 12) 23 (16 - 32) 32 (25 - 41)
Idaho 40 (33 - 49) 3 (2 - 4) 12   (9 - 14) 26 (19 - 34) 37 (30 - 46)
Illinois 387 (337 - 445) 18 (14 - 23) 116 (102 - 132) 253 (207 - 310) 370 (319 - 427)
Indiana 174 (141 - 213) 12   (8 - 16) 52 (41 - 65) 110   (81 - 149) 162 (130 - 202)
Iowa 85   (69 - 103) 6 (4 - 8) 24 (19 - 30) 55 (41 - 74) 79 (64 - 98)
Kansas 77 (62 - 96) 5 (3 - 6) 22 (18 - 29) 50 (37 - 69) 73 (58 - 92)
Kentucky 107   (84 - 136) 6 (4 - 8) 26 (20 - 33) 75   (54 - 104) 101   (78 - 130)
Louisiana 128 (104 - 158) 6 (4 - 8) 33 (26 - 42) 90   (67 - 119) 123   (98 - 153)
Maine 37 (29 - 46) 2 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11) 26 (19 - 36) 35 (27 - 44)
Maryland 172 (136 - 217) 8   (5 - 11) 40 (31 - 51) 124   (91 - 170) 164 (128 - 210)
Massachusetts 200 (163 - 244) 10   (7 - 14) 60 (48 - 76) 129   (96 - 173) 190 (153 - 234)
Michigan 286 (249 - 328) 16 (13 - 20) 74 (65 - 86) 195 (160 - 237) 269 (232 - 312)
Minnesota 181 (145 - 226) 8   (6 - 12) 44 (35 - 55) 128   (95 - 173) 173 (137 - 217)
Mississippi 79 (63 - 98) 4 (3 - 6) 21 (16 - 26) 55 (40 - 74) 75 (60 - 94)
Missouri 161 (130 - 199) 9   (7 - 13) 42 (33 - 53) 110   (82 - 147) 152 (121 - 190)
Montana 32 (26 - 40) 2 (1 - 3) 11   (9 - 14) 19 (14 - 27) 30 (24 - 38)
Nebraska 52 (42 - 63) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (12 - 19) 33 (24 - 44) 48 (39 - 60)
Nevada 77 (62 - 95) 5 (3 - 7) 17 (13 - 21) 55 (41 - 74) 72 (57 - 91)
New Hampshire 38 (31 - 47) 3 (2 - 3) 11   (9 - 14) 25 (18 - 34) 36 (28 - 45)
New Jersey 223 (176 - 284) 12   (9 - 18) 53 (41 - 67) 158 (114 - 219) 211 (164 - 271)
New Mexico 68 (54 - 84) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (15 - 24) 45 (33 - 60) 64 (50 - 80)
New York 631 (548 - 727) 34 (27 - 44) 189 (165 - 217) 408 (330 - 504) 597 (514 - 693)
North Carolina 266 (213 - 332) 11   (8 - 15) 62 (49 - 78) 193 (144 - 260) 255 (202 - 321)
North Dakota 18 (15 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 7 (5 - 9) 10   (7 - 14) 17 (14 - 21)
Ohio 320 (278 - 367) 18 (15 - 22) 95   (83 - 108) 207 (169 - 254) 302 (260 - 349)
Oklahoma 97   (79 - 119) 6 (4 - 8) 30 (23 - 38) 61 (46 - 82) 91   (74 - 113)
Oregon 135 (107 - 170) 6 (5 - 9) 30 (24 - 37) 99   (73 - 134) 129 (101 - 164)
Pennsylvania 343 (292 - 403) 16 (12 - 21) 92   (78 - 107) 235 (188 - 295) 327 (276 - 387)
Rhode Island 38 (30 - 48) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 12) 27 (20 - 37) 36 (29 - 46)
South Carolina 151 (119 - 192) 6 (4 - 8) 30 (24 - 38) 116   (85 - 156) 146 (113 - 187)
South Dakota 24 (20 - 30) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (7 - 10) 14 (11 - 20) 23 (18 - 28)
Tennessee 170 (136 - 212) 8   (6 - 11) 41 (32 - 52) 121   (89 - 163) 162 (128 - 204)
Texas 614 (527 - 715) 41 (32 - 51) 160 (137 - 186) 414 (334 - 513) 574 (487 - 674)
Utah 69 (56 - 86) 5 (3 - 6) 22 (17 - 29) 43 (31 - 58) 65 (51 - 81)
Vermont 21 (16 - 26) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (11 - 20) 20 (15 - 25)
Virginia 231 (188 - 283) 12   (8 - 16) 66 (53 - 81) 154 (115 - 206) 219 (177 - 271)
Washington 190 (155 - 233) 11   (8 - 15) 51 (40 - 64) 129   (96 - 172) 180 (144 - 223)
West Virginia 52 (41 - 65) 3 (2 - 4) 12   (9 - 15) 37 (28 - 51) 49 (39 - 62)
Wisconsin 170 (137 - 211) 10   (7 - 13) 51 (41 - 63) 110   (80 - 150) 161 (128 - 202)
Wyoming 15 (13 - 19) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 10   (7 - 13) 14 (12 - 18)
121028
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 7,063 (6,759 - 7,381) 1,106 (1,046 - 1,170) 2,593 (2,482 - 2,709) 3,363 (3,103 - 3,645) 5,957 (5,661 - 6,268)
Northeast 1,396 (1,285 - 1,516) 188 (170 - 207) 547 (506 - 590) 661 (569 - 768) 1,208 (1,100 - 1,327)
Midwest 1,453 (1,354 - 1,558) 249 (230 - 270) 535 (502 - 571) 669 (585 - 765) 1,204 (1,107 - 1,308)
South 2,505 (2,336 - 2,687) 379 (349 - 411) 871 (817 - 927) 1,256 (1,111 - 1,418) 2,126 (1,963 - 2,304)
West 1,709 (1,565 - 1,866) 290 (263 - 321) 641 (589 - 697) 777 (661 - 914) 1,419 (1,280 - 1,571)
Alabama 106   (82 - 136) 16 (12 - 20) 37 (30 - 45) 53 (35 - 80) 90   (67 - 120)
Alaska 16 (13 - 21) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 8   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 18)
Arizona 157 (122 - 201) 24 (19 - 31) 59 (47 - 73) 74   (48 - 113) 133   (99 - 177)
Arkansas 67 (52 - 86) 11   (8 - 14) 21 (17 - 27) 35 (23 - 52) 56 (42 - 75)
California 884    (769 - 1,015) 156 (134 - 182) 338 (296 - 385) 390 (300 - 507) 727 (617 - 857)
Colorado 121    (93 - 155) 22 (17 - 28) 45 (36 - 56) 54 (34 - 85) 99    (73 - 134)
Connecticut 86   (66 - 111) 13 (10 - 16) 33 (27 - 41) 40 (26 - 63) 74 (55 - 99)
Delaware 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (7 - 10) 9   (6 - 14) 18 (13 - 23)
District of Columbia 22 (17 - 29) 1 (1 - 2) 8 (6 - 9) 13   (9 - 19) 21 (16 - 27)
Florida 417 (355 - 492) 58 (49 - 68) 131 (113 - 150) 229 (175 - 298) 359 (298 - 434)
Georgia 199 (152 - 259) 31 (24 - 40) 71 (56 - 90) 96   (62 - 150) 167 (123 - 227)
Hawaii 31 (22 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (8 - 13) 17 (10 - 28) 27 (19 - 39)
Idaho 37 (29 - 47) 7 (5 - 9) 13 (10 - 16) 18 (12 - 26) 31 (23 - 40)
Illinois 276 (239 - 319) 48 (41 - 56) 104   (91 - 119) 124   (96 - 162) 228 (193 - 271)
Indiana 160 (125 - 205) 27 (21 - 34) 54 (42 - 68) 79   (53 - 118) 133   (99 - 177)
Iowa 47 (36 - 62) 10   (8 - 13) 18 (14 - 24) 19 (11 - 31) 37 (26 - 52)
Kansas 52 (40 - 68) 9   (7 - 12) 21 (16 - 27) 21 (13 - 35) 43 (31 - 58)
Kentucky 114   (90 - 145) 14 (11 - 18) 40 (32 - 49) 60 (41 - 88) 100   (77 - 131)
Louisiana 105   (82 - 134) 14 (11 - 18) 40 (32 - 50) 51 (34 - 76) 91   (69 - 121)
Maine 33 (25 - 41) 4 (3 - 6) 12 (10 - 15) 16 (10 - 24) 28 (21 - 37)
Maryland 130   (98 - 174) 18 (14 - 23) 49 (38 - 63) 64   (40 - 103) 113   (81 - 156)
Massachusetts 192 (150 - 245) 22 (17 - 28) 75 (60 - 92) 95   (64 - 142) 170 (129 - 223)
Michigan 249 (217 - 287) 39 (34 - 46) 89   (79 - 101) 121   (94 - 155) 210 (178 - 247)
Minnesota 103   (80 - 133) 18 (14 - 23) 38 (30 - 48) 47 (30 - 72) 85   (63 - 114)
Mississippi 59 (46 - 76) 10   (7 - 12) 23 (18 - 29) 27 (17 - 42) 50 (37 - 67)
Missouri 123   (95 - 158) 21 (17 - 27) 46 (37 - 58) 55 (35 - 86) 102   (76 - 136)
Montana 22 (17 - 28) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 16) 19 (14 - 25)
Nebraska 30 (23 - 39) 7 (5 - 9) 11   (9 - 15) 12   (7 - 19) 23 (17 - 33)
Nevada 74 (56 - 97) 11   (8 - 14) 22 (18 - 27) 41 (27 - 62) 63 (46 - 86)
New Hampshire 38 (30 - 49) 6 (4 - 7) 13 (11 - 17) 19 (13 - 29) 32 (24 - 43)
New Jersey 180 (138 - 234) 29 (23 - 37) 64 (51 - 79) 87   (56 - 137) 151 (111 - 204)
New Mexico 50 (39 - 63) 10   (8 - 12) 19 (15 - 24) 21 (14 - 33) 40 (30 - 54)
New York 514 (447 - 592) 66 (56 - 78) 218 (193 - 247) 230 (176 - 298) 448 (382 - 525)
North Carolina 188 (144 - 245) 31 (24 - 39) 65 (52 - 82) 92   (58 - 144) 157 (115 - 214)
North Dakota 12   (9 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 4 (3 - 7) 10   (7 - 13)
Ohio 267 (232 - 308) 44 (37 - 51) 97   (86 - 110) 127   (98 - 165) 224 (190 - 264)
Oklahoma 90   (70 - 117) 14 (11 - 18) 31 (25 - 39) 46 (30 - 69) 77   (57 - 103)
Oregon 109   (86 - 139) 14 (11 - 18) 37 (30 - 45) 58 (39 - 86) 95   (72 - 125)
Pennsylvania 300 (258 - 348) 42 (36 - 50) 110   (96 - 126) 148 (114 - 191) 257 (217 - 306)
Rhode Island 37 (28 - 48) 4 (3 - 5) 14 (11 - 17) 19 (12 - 29) 33 (24 - 44)
South Carolina 111   (83 - 147) 15 (11 - 19) 34 (27 - 42) 63 (40 - 97) 96   (70 - 133)
South Dakota 17 (13 - 22) 3 (3 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 8   (5 - 12) 14 (10 - 19)
Tennessee 120   (91 - 158) 19 (14 - 24) 40 (32 - 50) 62 (40 - 96) 102   (74 - 139)
Texas 529 (458 - 611) 94   (80 - 110) 193 (168 - 221) 243 (186 - 316) 435 (367 - 516)
Utah 63 (50 - 78) 12   (9 - 15) 28 (22 - 36) 23 (15 - 35) 51 (39 - 67)
Vermont 16 (13 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 8) 8   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 19)
Virginia 177 (137 - 227) 26 (20 - 33) 65 (52 - 81) 85   (56 - 130) 150 (112 - 201)
Washington 136 (105 - 175) 24 (19 - 30) 53 (42 - 67) 59 (37 - 93) 112   (83 - 152)
West Virginia 49 (37 - 65) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 19) 28 (18 - 43) 43 (32 - 59)
Wisconsin 117   (91 - 148) 21 (16 - 27) 43 (34 - 54) 52 (34 - 80) 96   (72 - 127)
Wyoming 10   (8 - 13) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 11)
121028
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,884 (4,629 - 5,151) 608 (562 - 658) 1,850 (1,758 - 1,947) 2,425 (2,208 - 2,663) 4,275 (4,026 - 4,540)
Northeast 1,033    (932 - 1,146) 109   (96 - 124) 405 (370 - 444) 519 (436 - 617) 924    (825 - 1,035)
Midwest 1,000    (915 - 1,091) 134 (120 - 149) 377 (347 - 409) 488 (419 - 569) 866 (783 - 955)
South 1,667 (1,528 - 1,819) 203 (182 - 227) 606 (560 - 656) 857 (739 - 994) 1,463 (1,329 - 1,612)
West 1,183 (1,062 - 1,319) 161 (140 - 185) 461 (417 - 510) 561 (464 - 679) 1,022    (905 - 1,154)
Alabama 75   (56 - 100) 9   (6 - 12) 27 (21 - 35) 39 (25 - 60) 66 (48 - 91)
Alaska 10   (8 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 8) 9   (6 - 13)
Arizona 110   (81 - 149) 14 (10 - 19) 44 (33 - 59) 52 (32 - 84) 96   (69 - 135)
Arkansas 48 (36 - 65) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (12 - 20) 27 (17 - 41) 42 (30 - 59)
California 613 (517 - 727) 85   (68 - 105) 247 (211 - 288) 282 (208 - 382) 528 (436 - 640)
Colorado 76   (55 - 104) 12   (9 - 16) 28 (21 - 38) 36 (22 - 59) 64 (45 - 92)
Connecticut 55 (41 - 73) 7   (5 - 10) 21 (16 - 28) 26 (16 - 42) 48 (34 - 66)
Delaware 15 (11 - 20) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 7   (4 - 11) 13   (9 - 18)
District of Columbia 15 (11 - 21) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 7) 9   (6 - 14) 15 (11 - 20)
Florida 271 (221 - 333) 29 (23 - 37) 90   (76 - 107) 151 (110 - 209) 242 (193 - 303)
Georgia 125   (92 - 171) 17 (12 - 23) 44 (33 - 59) 64   (40 - 104) 109   (76 - 154)
Hawaii 20 (14 - 28) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 9) 11   (6 - 19) 18 (12 - 26)
Idaho 27 (20 - 36) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 12) 14   (9 - 21) 23 (16 - 31)
Illinois 183 (153 - 219) 23 (18 - 29) 72 (61 - 85) 89   (66 - 119) 161 (132 - 196)
Indiana 111   (83 - 149) 15 (11 - 20) 39 (30 - 51) 57 (37 - 89) 96   (69 - 133)
Iowa 31 (22 - 43) 6 (4 - 8) 12   (8 - 16) 13   (8 - 24) 25 (17 - 37)
Kansas 34 (25 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 19) 15   (9 - 26) 29 (20 - 42)
Kentucky 83   (63 - 110) 8   (6 - 11) 31 (24 - 40) 44 (29 - 67) 75   (55 - 102)
Louisiana 79   (59 - 104) 8   (6 - 11) 31 (24 - 40) 40 (26 - 61) 71 (52 - 96)
Maine 24 (18 - 32) 3 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 12) 12   (8 - 19) 22 (16 - 29)
Maryland 95   (68 - 133) 10   (7 - 14) 36 (27 - 48) 49 (30 - 81) 85   (59 - 123)
Massachusetts 139 (104 - 184) 13 (10 - 18) 53 (41 - 68) 73   (48 - 111) 126   (92 - 171)
Michigan 172 (145 - 204) 23 (19 - 28) 64 (55 - 75) 85   (63 - 114) 149 (123 - 181)
Minnesota 67 (49 - 91) 10   (7 - 13) 26 (19 - 35) 31 (19 - 51) 57 (40 - 82)
Mississippi 40 (29 - 55) 5 (4 - 8) 16 (12 - 21) 19 (11 - 31) 35 (24 - 50)
Missouri 90   (66 - 121) 13   (9 - 17) 35 (27 - 46) 42 (26 - 69) 77 (55 - 109)
Montana 15 (11 - 21) 2 (1 - 3) 6 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 12) 14 (10 - 19)
Nebraska 20 (14 - 28) 4 (3 - 5) 8   (5 - 11) 9   (5 - 16) 17 (11 - 25)
Nevada 45 (33 - 61) 6 (5 - 9) 15 (11 - 19) 24 (15 - 39) 39 (27 - 55)
New Hampshire 28 (21 - 38) 3 (3 - 5) 9   (7 - 12) 15 (10 - 24) 25 (18 - 34)
New Jersey 141 (103 - 193) 17 (13 - 23) 50 (38 - 65) 74   (46 - 119) 124   (88 - 175)
New Mexico 35 (26 - 47) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 18) 16 (10 - 25) 30 (21 - 41)
New York 389 (328 - 461) 39 (31 - 48) 166 (143 - 192) 185 (137 - 249) 351 (291 - 422)
North Carolina 123   (90 - 167) 17 (13 - 23) 46 (34 - 60) 60 (37 - 97) 105   (74 - 149)
North Dakota 8   (6 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 5) 7 (4 - 9)
Ohio 194 (164 - 230) 23 (18 - 28) 71 (61 - 82) 101   (77 - 133) 172 (143 - 207)
Oklahoma 57 (42 - 78) 8   (6 - 11) 20 (15 - 27) 29 (18 - 47) 49 (35 - 70)
Oregon 86   (65 - 113) 9   (6 - 12) 28 (22 - 36) 49 (32 - 73) 77   (57 - 104)
Pennsylvania 219 (182 - 264) 24 (19 - 30) 82 (69 - 97) 113   (84 - 152) 195 (159 - 239)
Rhode Island 27 (20 - 37) 2 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 15   (9 - 23) 25 (18 - 34)
South Carolina 66 (47 - 93) 7   (5 - 10) 23 (17 - 30) 36 (22 - 60) 59 (41 - 85)
South Dakota 10   (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 8) 9   (6 - 13)
Tennessee 75   (54 - 105) 10   (7 - 14) 26 (19 - 35) 39 (24 - 65) 65 (45 - 94)
Texas 347 (291 - 414) 49 (39 - 61) 137 (116 - 161) 162 (119 - 218) 298 (244 - 363)
Utah 38 (28 - 51) 6 (4 - 8) 18 (13 - 24) 14   (9 - 24) 32 (23 - 45)
Vermont 11   (8 - 15) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 8) 10   (7 - 14)
Virginia 114   (83 - 156) 15 (11 - 20) 41 (31 - 55) 58 (36 - 93) 100   (70 - 141)
Washington 102   (76 - 136) 14 (11 - 19) 39 (30 - 51) 48 (30 - 78) 88   (63 - 122)
West Virginia 38 (27 - 52) 3 (2 - 5) 12   (9 - 15) 23 (14 - 35) 34 (24 - 48)
Wisconsin 79   (58 - 107) 12   (9 - 16) 30 (22 - 39) 38 (23 - 62) 67 (47 - 95)
Wyoming 6 (4 - 9) 1 (1 - 2) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 5) 5 (3 - 8)
121028
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 22,511 (21,871 - 23,168) 1,823 (1,747 - 1,903) 6,833 (6,658 - 7,011) 13,855 (13,276 - 14,457) 20,687 (20,054 - 21,339)
Northeast 4,208 (3,995 - 4,433) 319 (296 - 344) 1,341 (1,279 - 1,406) 2,548 (2,351 - 2,761) 3,889 (3,681 - 4,109)
Midwest 5,083 (4,877 - 5,296) 417 (392 - 443) 1,575 (1,514 - 1,637) 3,092 (2,902 - 3,294) 4,667 (4,465 - 4,874)
South 7,750 (7,411 - 8,104) 598 (558 - 642) 2,255 (2,160 - 2,353) 4,896 (4,575 - 5,237) 7,151 (6,820 - 7,499)
West 5,469 (5,189 - 5,763) 489 (449 - 532) 1,662 (1,578 - 1,748) 3,319 (3,065 - 3,592) 4,980 (4,708 - 5,266)
Alabama 315 (271 - 366) 26 (21 - 33) 89   (77 - 103) 199 (161 - 246) 289 (246 - 338)
Alaska 52 (45 - 61) 4 (4 - 6) 16 (14 - 18) 32 (26 - 39) 48 (41 - 56)
Arizona 485 (418 - 561) 42 (34 - 53) 153 (133 - 175) 290 (235 - 356) 442 (379 - 515)
Arkansas 194 (167 - 226) 18 (14 - 22) 57 (49 - 65) 120   (97 - 148) 177 (151 - 207)
California 2,850 (2,620 - 3,097) 258 (226 - 294) 875 (808 - 947) 1,717 (1,512 - 1,946) 2,592 (2,369 - 2,832)
Colorado 424 (369 - 487) 38 (31 - 46) 129 (113 - 147) 257 (210 - 314) 387 (333 - 447)
Connecticut 288 (247 - 333) 22 (18 - 28) 86 (75 - 98) 180 (145 - 222) 265 (226 - 310)
Delaware 70 (60 - 81) 5 (4 - 7) 22 (20 - 25) 42 (34 - 53) 65 (55 - 75)
District of Columbia 57 (49 - 66) 2 (2 - 3) 18 (16 - 21) 37 (30 - 45) 55 (48 - 64)
Florida 1,308 (1,189 - 1,440) 94   (81 - 108) 325 (298 - 355) 889    (778 - 1,015) 1,214 (1,098 - 1,344)
Georgia 665 (568 - 778) 48 (38 - 61) 203 (176 - 233) 414 (330 - 518) 617 (524 - 726)
Hawaii 94   (79 - 112) 7   (6 - 10) 26 (22 - 30) 61 (48 - 77) 87   (73 - 104)
Idaho 109   (95 - 125) 11   (9 - 13) 33 (29 - 38) 65 (53 - 80) 98   (84 - 114)
Illinois 960    (882 - 1,044) 75 (66 - 85) 309 (285 - 334) 576 (507 - 654) 885 (809 - 967)
Indiana 446 (385 - 516) 41 (33 - 51) 136 (118 - 157) 268 (218 - 330) 405 (346 - 472)
Iowa 231 (202 - 264) 20 (16 - 24) 73 (64 - 83) 139 (114 - 168) 211 (183 - 243)
Kansas 206 (178 - 238) 17 (14 - 22) 68 (59 - 78) 120   (97 - 149) 189 (162 - 220)
Kentucky 281 (241 - 328) 21 (17 - 27) 83 (72 - 95) 177 (143 - 220) 260 (222 - 306)
Louisiana 316 (273 - 364) 21 (17 - 27) 102   (88 - 116) 193 (157 - 236) 294 (253 - 341)
Maine 95   (81 - 110) 7 (5 - 9) 27 (24 - 31) 60 (49 - 74) 88   (75 - 103)
Maryland 399 (337 - 472) 28 (21 - 36) 114   (97 - 133) 257 (205 - 322) 371 (312 - 442)
Massachusetts 532 (462 - 612) 37 (30 - 46) 181 (158 - 205) 315 (256 - 386) 495 (428 - 572)
Michigan 781 (718 - 850) 65 (58 - 74) 226 (209 - 243) 490 (431 - 557) 716 (654 - 784)
Minnesota 440 (382 - 504) 32 (26 - 40) 134 (118 - 152) 273 (224 - 333) 407 (352 - 470)
Mississippi 179 (153 - 209) 15 (12 - 19) 55 (47 - 64) 109   (87 - 136) 164 (139 - 193)
Missouri 441 (384 - 506) 35 (28 - 43) 133 (116 - 152) 273 (224 - 331) 406 (351 - 468)
Montana 86 (75 - 98) 8   (7 - 10) 28 (25 - 32) 50 (40 - 61) 78 (67 - 90)
Nebraska 139 (120 - 159) 11   (9 - 14) 44 (38 - 51) 83   (68 - 102) 127 (110 - 147)
Nevada 204 (175 - 237) 19 (15 - 23) 52 (45 - 59) 133 (108 - 163) 185 (158 - 217)
New Hampshire 109   (94 - 126) 9   (8 - 12) 33 (29 - 37) 66 (54 - 82) 100   (86 - 116)
New Jersey 582 (495 - 684) 44 (35 - 56) 171 (149 - 195) 367 (291 - 461) 538 (453 - 637)
New Mexico 167 (144 - 193) 17 (14 - 21) 50 (43 - 58) 100   (81 - 124) 150 (128 - 175)
New York 1,558 (1,421 - 1,707) 121 (106 - 138) 518 (480 - 559) 918    (796 - 1,057) 1,437 (1,304 - 1,582)
North Carolina 581 (495 - 681) 44 (34 - 55) 166 (142 - 193) 371 (298 - 460) 537 (455 - 633)
North Dakota 51 (45 - 58) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (18 - 23) 27 (22 - 33) 47 (41 - 54)
Ohio 869 (796 - 948) 70 (62 - 80) 262 (244 - 282) 536 (471 - 611) 799 (728 - 876)
Oklahoma 275 (236 - 320) 22 (17 - 28) 83 (72 - 96) 170 (137 - 210) 253 (215 - 297)
Oregon 321 (279 - 370) 27 (22 - 33) 86 (75 - 98) 209 (172 - 253) 295 (254 - 342)
Pennsylvania 901 (820 - 990) 68 (59 - 78) 279 (256 - 304) 554 (481 - 638) 833 (754 - 921)
Rhode Island 93   (80 - 108) 7 (5 - 8) 29 (25 - 33) 58 (47 - 71) 87   (74 - 101)
South Carolina 345 (296 - 402) 22 (18 - 28) 90   (78 - 104) 233 (189 - 285) 323 (275 - 379)
South Dakota 71 (62 - 81) 6 (5 - 7) 23 (21 - 26) 42 (34 - 51) 65 (56 - 74)
Tennessee 393 (335 - 460) 26 (20 - 34) 110   (95 - 128) 256 (206 - 318) 367 (311 - 432)
Texas 1,645 (1,508 - 1,793) 153 (134 - 176) 509 (468 - 553) 982    (858 - 1,123) 1,491 (1,358 - 1,636)
Utah 171 (146 - 199) 15 (12 - 20) 63 (53 - 74) 93   (73 - 116) 155 (132 - 182)
Vermont 50 (44 - 58) 4 (3 - 4) 17 (15 - 19) 30 (24 - 37) 47 (40 - 54)
Virginia 597 (515 - 691) 44 (35 - 55) 192 (169 - 218) 361 (291 - 445) 553 (475 - 643)
Washington 464 (401 - 537) 38 (31 - 47) 138 (120 - 159) 288 (233 - 354) 426 (365 - 497)
West Virginia 128 (109 - 150) 9   (7 - 11) 35 (30 - 40) 84   (68 - 104) 119 (101 - 140)
Wisconsin 448 (388 - 516) 40 (32 - 49) 145 (128 - 164) 264 (214 - 324) 409 (351 - 474)
Wyoming 41 (36 - 47) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 24 (20 - 30) 37 (32 - 43)
121028
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,374 (6,085 - 6,676) 1,034    (975 - 1,096) 2,381 (2,273 - 2,495) 2,959 (2,715 - 3,225) 5,340 (5,061 - 5,634)
Northeast 1,214 (1,114 - 1,323) 175 (158 - 193) 488 (452 - 528) 550 (469 - 646) 1,039    (942 - 1,145)
Midwest 1,313 (1,215 - 1,418) 229 (211 - 249) 497 (465 - 532) 587 (507 - 679) 1,084    (989 - 1,187)
South 2,272 (2,107 - 2,452) 357 (328 - 387) 803 (750 - 860) 1,113    (973 - 1,272) 1,916 (1,756 - 2,091)
West 1,575 (1,431 - 1,732) 273 (245 - 303) 593 (541 - 649) 709 (595 - 845) 1,302 (1,165 - 1,455)
Alabama 95   (74 - 121) 15 (11 - 19) 35 (27 - 43) 46 (31 - 69) 80   (60 - 106)
Alaska 16 (12 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 12) 13 (10 - 18)
Arizona 144 (112 - 186) 23 (18 - 30) 53 (42 - 68) 67   (44 - 102) 121   (90 - 161)
Arkansas 62 (48 - 80) 10   (8 - 13) 20 (16 - 26) 31 (21 - 47) 52 (39 - 70)
California 828 (713 - 960) 148 (126 - 174) 318 (275 - 366) 362 (276 - 474) 680 (571 - 808)
Colorado 111   (88 - 140) 20 (16 - 26) 43 (34 - 53) 48 (32 - 73) 91   (69 - 120)
Connecticut 75 (57 - 97) 12   (9 - 15) 29 (23 - 36) 34 (22 - 54) 63 (46 - 85)
Delaware 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 8   (5 - 13) 16 (12 - 21)
District of Columbia 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 9   (6 - 13) 16 (12 - 20)
Florida 381 (322 - 452) 55 (46 - 65) 121 (106 - 139) 205 (154 - 272) 326 (268 - 397)
Georgia 183 (141 - 238) 30 (23 - 38) 66 (51 - 84) 88   (57 - 135) 154 (113 - 208)
Hawaii 28 (20 - 38) 3 (2 - 5) 9   (7 - 11) 16 (10 - 26) 24 (17 - 35)
Idaho 35 (27 - 44) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (10 - 15) 17 (11 - 25) 29 (22 - 38)
Illinois 250 (216 - 290) 44 (37 - 51) 99   (87 - 114) 107   (81 - 142) 206 (174 - 245)
Indiana 140 (110 - 177) 25 (19 - 32) 50 (39 - 62) 65 (44 - 97) 115   (87 - 151)
Iowa 46 (35 - 60) 9   (7 - 12) 18 (13 - 23) 19 (12 - 31) 37 (26 - 50)
Kansas 46 (35 - 61) 8   (6 - 11) 20 (15 - 25) 18 (11 - 30) 38 (28 - 52)
Kentucky 104   (80 - 135) 13 (10 - 17) 36 (29 - 45) 55 (36 - 83) 91   (68 - 122)
Louisiana 94   (73 - 119) 13 (10 - 17) 36 (29 - 45) 44 (29 - 66) 80   (61 - 105)
Maine 31 (24 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 11   (9 - 14) 16 (10 - 23) 27 (20 - 35)
Maryland 113   (86 - 148) 16 (12 - 21) 44 (34 - 56) 53 (34 - 83) 97   (71 - 132)
Massachusetts 168 (132 - 214) 21 (16 - 27) 69 (55 - 85) 79   (52 - 118) 147 (112 - 193)
Michigan 219 (190 - 253) 37 (32 - 43) 80 (70 - 91) 102   (78 - 132) 182 (153 - 215)
Minnesota 94   (73 - 122) 16 (12 - 21) 35 (27 - 45) 43 (28 - 67) 79   (58 - 105)
Mississippi 54 (42 - 70) 9   (7 - 12) 22 (17 - 27) 24 (15 - 38) 45 (34 - 61)
Missouri 114   (89 - 147) 19 (15 - 25) 43 (34 - 54) 52 (34 - 81) 95   (71 - 127)
Montana 20 (15 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 9) 9   (6 - 14) 17 (12 - 22)
Nebraska 28 (21 - 36) 6 (5 - 8) 11   (8 - 14) 11   (7 - 18) 22 (15 - 30)
Nevada 66 (51 - 86) 10   (8 - 13) 21 (17 - 26) 35 (23 - 53) 56 (41 - 75)
New Hampshire 34 (27 - 43) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 16 (11 - 25) 29 (22 - 38)
New Jersey 151 (117 - 196) 27 (21 - 35) 57 (44 - 72) 67   (44 - 104) 124   (92 - 167)
New Mexico 47 (37 - 59) 9   (7 - 12) 18 (14 - 23) 19 (12 - 30) 38 (28 - 50)
New York 459 (395 - 534) 61 (51 - 72) 198 (174 - 226) 200 (150 - 267) 398 (336 - 472)
North Carolina 169 (131 - 218) 29 (22 - 37) 59 (46 - 75) 81   (53 - 123) 140 (104 - 188)
North Dakota 11   (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 12)
Ohio 247 (213 - 287) 41 (35 - 47) 93   (81 - 105) 114   (87 - 149) 206 (173 - 245)
Oklahoma 81   (62 - 105) 13 (10 - 17) 27 (21 - 35) 41 (27 - 62) 68 (50 - 92)
Oregon 96   (75 - 124) 13 (10 - 16) 32 (26 - 40) 51 (34 - 77) 83   (63 - 111)
Pennsylvania 249 (213 - 292) 39 (33 - 47) 94   (81 - 109) 116   (88 - 153) 210 (175 - 251)
Rhode Island 31 (24 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (10 - 16) 15 (10 - 23) 27 (21 - 36)
South Carolina 96   (73 - 126) 14 (11 - 18) 30 (24 - 38) 52 (34 - 79) 82   (60 - 112)
South Dakota 15 (11 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 6   (4 - 10) 12   (9 - 16)
Tennessee 111   (84 - 147) 17 (13 - 23) 37 (28 - 47) 57 (37 - 89) 94   (68 - 129)
Texas 494 (426 - 572) 89   (76 - 104) 184 (159 - 212) 221 (168 - 290) 405 (340 - 482)
Utah 53 (41 - 67) 11   (8 - 13) 23 (18 - 30) 19 (12 - 30) 42 (32 - 57)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 7   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 17)
Virginia 156 (121 - 200) 25 (19 - 31) 59 (47 - 74) 72   (47 - 110) 131 (98 - 174)
Washington 122   (95 - 156) 21 (16 - 27) 47 (38 - 59) 54 (34 - 83) 101   (76 - 135)
West Virginia 44 (33 - 59) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (11 - 17) 26 (17 - 39) 39 (29 - 53)
Wisconsin 103   (80 - 132) 20 (15 - 25) 40 (31 - 50) 44 (29 - 68) 84   (62 - 112)
Wyoming 9   (7 - 12) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6) 8   (6 - 10)
121028
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,624 (17,053 - 18,213) 1,131 (1,070 - 1,197) 5,343 (5,185 - 5,506) 11,149 (10,632 - 11,690) 16,492 (15,926 - 17,077)
Northeast 3,242 (3,049 - 3,446) 199 (180 - 219) 1,033    (979 - 1,090) 2,009 (1,837 - 2,198) 3,043 (2,855 - 3,242)
Midwest 4,054 (3,881 - 4,232) 267 (248 - 287) 1,264 (1,213 - 1,317) 2,523 (2,365 - 2,691) 3,787 (3,618 - 3,962)
South 6,039 (5,742 - 6,351) 368 (338 - 400) 1,740 (1,659 - 1,825) 3,931 (3,658 - 4,223) 5,671 (5,383 - 5,975)
West 4,290 (4,040 - 4,553) 298 (268 - 332) 1,306 (1,228 - 1,388) 2,685 (2,463 - 2,926) 3,991 (3,748 - 4,248)
Alabama 236 (199 - 280) 16 (12 - 21) 67 (56 - 78) 154 (122 - 193) 220 (185 - 262)
Alaska 41 (34 - 48) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (11 - 14) 25 (20 - 31) 38 (32 - 44)
Arizona 384 (325 - 452) 27 (21 - 36) 120 (102 - 141) 236 (188 - 296) 356 (301 - 421)
Arkansas 151 (127 - 179) 11   (9 - 14) 43 (36 - 51) 97   (77 - 122) 140 (117 - 166)
California 2,245 (2,042 - 2,465) 155 (131 - 184) 686 (624 - 754) 1,403 (1,226 - 1,605) 2,090 (1,893 - 2,304)
Colorado 337 (288 - 395) 23 (18 - 29) 107   (92 - 123) 208 (167 - 258) 315 (267 - 370)
Connecticut 243 (205 - 286) 17 (13 - 22) 71 (61 - 82) 155 (124 - 194) 226 (190 - 268)
Delaware 53 (45 - 63) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (14 - 19) 33 (26 - 42) 50 (42 - 59)
District of Columbia 43 (37 - 51) 1 (1 - 2) 14 (12 - 17) 28 (22 - 35) 42 (36 - 50)
Florida 1,026    (921 - 1,143) 58 (48 - 70) 256 (232 - 283) 712 (615 - 823) 968    (866 - 1,083)
Georgia 501 (419 - 599) 28 (21 - 37) 149 (126 - 175) 324 (256 - 411) 474 (394 - 567)
Hawaii 76 (63 - 92) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (18 - 25) 50 (39 - 64) 71 (58 - 87)
Idaho 82 (70 - 96) 6 (5 - 8) 26 (22 - 30) 50 (41 - 62) 76 (65 - 89)
Illinois 769 (696 - 848) 44 (37 - 53) 250 (229 - 272) 475 (410 - 549) 724 (654 - 802)
Indiana 338 (288 - 395) 24 (18 - 31) 108   (92 - 126) 206 (166 - 255) 314 (267 - 369)
Iowa 200 (170 - 233) 15 (12 - 19) 62 (53 - 71) 123   (99 - 153) 185 (157 - 217)
Kansas 172 (147 - 201) 12   (9 - 16) 59 (50 - 69) 101   (81 - 126) 160 (136 - 188)
Kentucky 204 (171 - 244) 13 (10 - 17) 58 (49 - 68) 133 (105 - 168) 191 (159 - 229)
Louisiana 246 (208 - 289) 14 (10 - 18) 76 (65 - 89) 156 (125 - 194) 232 (196 - 274)
Maine 72 (61 - 85) 4 (3 - 5) 21 (18 - 25) 47 (38 - 59) 68 (58 - 81)
Maryland 312 (259 - 374) 17 (12 - 23) 91   (76 - 108) 204 (160 - 258) 295 (244 - 354)
Massachusetts 387 (328 - 455) 23 (17 - 30) 140 (120 - 162) 224 (177 - 284) 364 (308 - 429)
Michigan 592 (537 - 652) 40 (34 - 47) 171 (157 - 187) 380 (331 - 436) 551 (498 - 610)
Minnesota 377 (322 - 439) 23 (18 - 29) 118 (102 - 136) 236 (190 - 291) 354 (301 - 414)
Mississippi 142 (119 - 170) 9   (7 - 13) 42 (35 - 50) 91   (72 - 116) 133 (110 - 159)
Missouri 348 (296 - 410) 24 (19 - 31) 103   (88 - 120) 221 (177 - 275) 324 (274 - 383)
Montana 74 (64 - 86) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (21 - 28) 44 (35 - 55) 68 (59 - 80)
Nebraska 119 (102 - 138) 8   (6 - 10) 39 (33 - 45) 73 (58 - 90) 111   (95 - 130)
Nevada 156 (132 - 183) 11   (8 - 14) 40 (35 - 47) 104   (84 - 129) 145 (122 - 171)
New Hampshire 81 (69 - 95) 6 (4 - 7) 25 (21 - 29) 50 (40 - 63) 75 (64 - 89)
New Jersey 452 (376 - 543) 26 (19 - 35) 132 (113 - 154) 294 (229 - 376) 426 (353 - 513)
New Mexico 132 (112 - 154) 10   (8 - 13) 41 (35 - 47) 81   (65 - 101) 122 (103 - 143)
New York 1,215 (1,097 - 1,344) 78 (66 - 92) 391 (357 - 427) 746 (643 - 865) 1,137 (1,023 - 1,263)
North Carolina 457 (378 - 552) 25 (18 - 33) 132 (112 - 156) 300 (234 - 383) 432 (356 - 524)
North Dakota 42 (36 - 48) 2 (2 - 3) 17 (15 - 20) 22 (18 - 27) 39 (34 - 46)
Ohio 688 (624 - 757) 47 (40 - 55) 204 (187 - 222) 437 (381 - 500) 641 (579 - 709)
Oklahoma 210 (177 - 248) 14 (10 - 18) 66 (56 - 77) 130 (104 - 163) 196 (165 - 232)
Oregon 242 (206 - 285) 17 (13 - 22) 63 (54 - 73) 162 (131 - 201) 225 (190 - 267)
Pennsylvania 683 (612 - 763) 40 (33 - 48) 219 (198 - 242) 424 (364 - 495) 643 (575 - 720)
Rhode Island 69 (58 - 81) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (18 - 26) 43 (35 - 54) 65 (55 - 77)
South Carolina 275 (230 - 327) 14 (11 - 19) 72 (61 - 84) 189 (150 - 238) 261 (217 - 312)
South Dakota 58 (50 - 67) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 22) 34 (28 - 42) 54 (46 - 63)
Tennessee 312 (259 - 375) 17 (12 - 23) 85   (72 - 100) 210 (165 - 267) 295 (245 - 356)
Texas 1,315 (1,188 - 1,454) 94   (79 - 111) 394 (358 - 433) 827 (715 - 955) 1,221 (1,098 - 1,356)
Utah 125 (104 - 151) 8   (6 - 12) 47 (38 - 57) 70 (54 - 90) 117   (96 - 141)
Vermont 40 (34 - 47) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (11 - 15) 25 (20 - 31) 38 (32 - 44)
Virginia 466 (397 - 546) 28 (22 - 36) 154 (133 - 177) 284 (226 - 355) 438 (371 - 514)
Washington 361 (308 - 423) 23 (18 - 30) 107   (91 - 124) 231 (186 - 285) 337 (286 - 397)
West Virginia 90   (76 - 108) 6 (4 - 7) 25 (21 - 30) 59 (47 - 75) 85   (71 - 101)
Wisconsin 352 (300 - 412) 23 (18 - 30) 113   (98 - 130) 215 (172 - 269) 329 (278 - 386)
Wyoming 35 (30 - 40) 3 (2 - 3) 11 (10 - 13) 21 (17 - 26) 32 (27 - 37)
130807
Table 23 – Serious Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Serious mental illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment. Estimates for SMI presented in this table may differ from previously published SMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012; SMI Estimates Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 8,357 (7,926 - 8,811) 1,180 (1,106 - 1,260) 7,177 (6,755 - 7,625)
Northeast 1,526 (1,387 - 1,679) 221 (200 - 245) 1,305 (1,169 - 1,456)
Midwest 1,984 (1,828 - 2,154) 277 (254 - 301) 1,708 (1,555 - 1,874)
South 2,957 (2,723 - 3,210) 390 (357 - 425) 2,567 (2,340 - 2,815)
West 1,890 (1,711 - 2,087) 293 (261 - 328) 1,597 (1,425 - 1,789)
Alabama 124   (96 - 159) 17 (13 - 23) 107   (80 - 141)
Alaska 17 (13 - 22) 2 (2 - 3) 15 (11 - 19)
Arizona 182 (140 - 235) 26 (19 - 33) 156 (117 - 208)
Arkansas 100   (78 - 128) 12   (9 - 15) 88   (68 - 115)
California 862    (723 - 1,025) 157 (131 - 188) 705 (573 - 865)
Colorado 171 (132 - 220) 19 (15 - 25) 152 (115 - 200)
Connecticut 93   (71 - 120) 13 (10 - 17) 80   (60 - 107)
Delaware 23 (18 - 30) 3 (2 - 4) 20 (15 - 27)
District of Columbia 14 (11 - 19) 3 (2 - 3) 12   (9 - 16)
Florida 512 (435 - 601) 61 (51 - 73) 450 (376 - 539)
Georgia 237 (179 - 312) 28 (21 - 38) 208 (154 - 282)
Hawaii 30 (23 - 39) 5 (4 - 7) 25 (18 - 34)
Idaho 52 (41 - 65) 6 (5 - 8) 46 (36 - 59)
Illinois 345 (293 - 406) 51 (43 - 61) 294 (244 - 353)
Indiana 222 (173 - 283) 27 (21 - 35) 195 (148 - 255)
Iowa 86   (68 - 108) 13 (10 - 16) 73 (56 - 95)
Kansas 72 (55 - 93) 12   (9 - 16) 60 (44 - 80)
Kentucky 134 (104 - 172) 15 (11 - 19) 119   (90 - 157)
Louisiana 116   (92 - 147) 18 (14 - 24) 98   (75 - 128)
Maine 41 (32 - 53) 5 (4 - 7) 36 (27 - 47)
Maryland 138 (107 - 179) 21 (16 - 28) 117   (87 - 157)
Massachusetts 187 (145 - 241) 24 (18 - 32) 163 (123 - 215)
Michigan 298 (256 - 348) 45 (38 - 53) 254 (212 - 302)
Minnesota 171 (134 - 217) 22 (17 - 28) 149 (114 - 194)
Mississippi 72 (55 - 94) 10   (7 - 13) 62 (47 - 83)
Missouri 181 (142 - 230) 22 (17 - 29) 158 (121 - 207)
Montana 29 (23 - 37) 4 (3 - 5) 25 (19 - 33)
Nebraska 47 (37 - 59) 8   (6 - 10) 39 (30 - 52)
Nevada 84   (64 - 109) 9   (7 - 12) 74 (55 - 99)
New Hampshire 38 (30 - 48) 5 (4 - 7) 33 (25 - 43)
New Jersey 219 (169 - 284) 33 (25 - 42) 186 (139 - 249)
New Mexico 50 (39 - 65) 8   (6 - 11) 42 (31 - 57)
New York 570 (486 - 669) 86   (72 - 102) 484 (403 - 581)
North Carolina 248 (190 - 322) 29 (22 - 38) 219 (164 - 293)
North Dakota 16 (12 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 17)
Ohio 353 (300 - 415) 45 (38 - 53) 308 (257 - 369)
Oklahoma 106   (82 - 136) 17 (13 - 22) 89   (66 - 119)
Oregon 122   (95 - 158) 15 (11 - 19) 108   (81 - 142)
Pennsylvania 316 (265 - 376) 46 (38 - 56) 270 (221 - 329)
Rhode Island 43 (33 - 57) 5 (4 - 7) 38 (28 - 51)
South Carolina 119   (92 - 155) 15 (12 - 20) 104   (78 - 139)
South Dakota 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 16 (12 - 21)
Tennessee 178 (137 - 230) 20 (16 - 26) 157 (119 - 208)
Texas 574 (483 - 682) 84   (70 - 101) 490 (402 - 595)
Utah 87   (70 - 108) 14 (11 - 18) 73 (57 - 93)
Vermont 18 (14 - 24) 3 (2 - 3) 16 (12 - 21)
Virginia 192 (148 - 249) 30 (23 - 39) 163 (121 - 218)
Washington 187 (147 - 238) 24 (19 - 32) 163 (124 - 212)
West Virginia 68 (53 - 88) 6 (5 - 8) 62 (47 - 81)
Wisconsin 175 (137 - 222) 26 (20 - 33) 149 (114 - 196)
Wyoming 17 (13 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 15 (11 - 19)
130807
Table 24 – Any Mental Illness in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Any mental illness (AMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a developmental or substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Estimates for AMI presented in this table may differ from previously published AMI estimates because of revised estimation procedures. For details, see the NSDUH short report titled Revised Estimates of Mental Illness from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health at http://samhsa.gov/data/default.aspx.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012; AMI Estimates Revised October 2013).
Total U.S. 40,512 (39,591 - 41,453) 6,071 (5,922 - 6,224) 34,441 (33,539 - 35,365)
Northeast 7,616 (7,270 - 7,976) 1,127 (1,074 - 1,181) 6,490 (6,153 - 6,842)
Midwest 9,106 (8,779 - 9,443) 1,404 (1,351 - 1,458) 7,702 (7,385 - 8,030)
South 14,293 (13,763 - 14,842) 2,030 (1,953 - 2,109) 12,263 (11,745 - 12,801)
West 9,496 (9,029 - 9,982) 1,511 (1,433 - 1,592) 7,985 (7,535 - 8,457)
Alabama 607 (535 - 686) 84 (72 - 96) 523 (455 - 600)
Alaska 81 (71 - 93) 12 (10 - 14) 69 (60 - 80)
Arizona 812 (706 - 930) 126 (108 - 145) 686 (586 - 800)
Arkansas 414 (366 - 467) 59 (51 - 67) 355 (309 - 407)
California 4,690 (4,326 - 5,078) 801 (735 - 871) 3,890 (3,543 - 4,263)
Colorado 697 (611 - 793) 94   (81 - 108) 604 (521 - 696)
Connecticut 472 (412 - 538) 70 (61 - 81) 402 (346 - 464)
Delaware 117 (102 - 133) 17 (15 - 20) 100   (86 - 115)
District of Columbia 85 (75 - 96) 15 (13 - 17) 70 (60 - 80)
Florida 2,389 (2,200 - 2,591) 301 (276 - 328) 2,088 (1,902 - 2,288)
Georgia 1,152 (1,005 - 1,315) 164 (140 - 190) 988   (849 - 1,144)
Hawaii 168 (147 - 192) 26 (22 - 30) 142 (122 - 165)
Idaho 214 (190 - 239) 32 (28 - 36) 182 (159 - 206)
Illinois 1,590 (1,468 - 1,719) 251 (230 - 273) 1,339 (1,221 - 1,465)
Indiana 960    (851 - 1,079) 140 (122 - 160) 820 (718 - 933)
Iowa 387 (342 - 436) 62 (54 - 71) 325 (283 - 372)
Kansas 353 (309 - 401) 58 (49 - 67) 295 (255 - 341)
Kentucky 616 (545 - 693) 76 (66 - 87) 539 (472 - 614)
Louisiana 566 (498 - 640) 88   (76 - 102) 478 (415 - 548)
Maine 198 (175 - 223) 25 (21 - 28) 173 (151 - 198)
Maryland 712 (616 - 819) 108   (93 - 126) 604 (514 - 706)
Massachusetts 904    (797 - 1,022) 139 (120 - 160) 765 (665 - 878)
Michigan 1,395 (1,301 - 1,495) 215 (199 - 232) 1,180 (1,089 - 1,276)
Minnesota 742 (658 - 834) 113   (99 - 129) 629 (550 - 717)
Mississippi 358 (313 - 407) 57 (50 - 66) 300 (259 - 347)
Missouri 843 (743 - 953) 134 (116 - 154) 709 (616 - 813)
Montana 141 (124 - 159) 20 (18 - 23) 121 (105 - 138)
Nebraska 230 (203 - 260) 36 (31 - 42) 194 (169 - 222)
Nevada 394 (346 - 447) 50 (44 - 58) 344 (298 - 394)
New Hampshire 186 (164 - 210) 27 (23 - 30) 159 (139 - 182)
New Jersey 1,152    (999 - 1,324) 161 (140 - 185) 991   (845 - 1,157)
New Mexico 260 (229 - 296) 41 (36 - 47) 219 (189 - 253)
New York 2,723 (2,520 - 2,939) 413 (379 - 450) 2,310 (2,114 - 2,520)
North Carolina 1,211 (1,065 - 1,373) 156 (134 - 180) 1,055    (916 - 1,211)
North Dakota 75 (65 - 86) 14 (12 - 16) 61 (52 - 71)
Ohio 1,586 (1,471 - 1,708) 227 (210 - 246) 1,359 (1,248 - 1,477)
Oklahoma 541 (476 - 613) 84 (73 - 97) 457 (396 - 525)
Oregon 566 (498 - 641) 79 (69 - 90) 486 (422 - 558)
Pennsylvania 1,700 (1,566 - 1,843) 249 (228 - 271) 1,451 (1,321 - 1,590)
Rhode Island 190 (168 - 214) 29 (25 - 33) 161 (140 - 184)
South Carolina 567 (494 - 647) 80 (69 - 93) 487 (419 - 563)
South Dakota 97   (85 - 110) 15 (13 - 18) 82 (70 - 94)
Tennessee 893    (789 - 1,008) 109   (94 - 124) 785 (685 - 896)
Texas 2,844 (2,625 - 3,077) 441 (403 - 482) 2,403 (2,193 - 2,627)
Utah 409 (365 - 456) 81 (70 - 93) 328 (288 - 372)
Vermont 91   (80 - 103) 13 (12 - 15) 78 (68 - 89)
Virginia 941    (825 - 1,071) 153 (132 - 177) 788 (680 - 910)
Washington 982    (867 - 1,108) 137 (120 - 156) 845 (736 - 966)
West Virginia 281 (248 - 318) 37 (33 - 43) 244 (212 - 279)
Wisconsin 848 (749 - 956) 138 (121 - 156) 710 (617 - 813)
Wyoming 81 (71 - 91) 12 (11 - 14) 69 (60 - 78)
121028
Table 25 – Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,426 (8,032 - 8,841) 2,134 (2,036 - 2,236) 6,292 (5,911 - 6,698)
Northeast 1,563 (1,432 - 1,706) 402 (370 - 437) 1,161 (1,039 - 1,297)
Midwest 2,036 (1,897 - 2,183) 496 (464 - 531) 1,540 (1,412 - 1,679)
South 2,812 (2,604 - 3,037) 703 (653 - 757) 2,109 (1,915 - 2,323)
West 2,015 (1,843 - 2,204) 533 (486 - 583) 1,482 (1,322 - 1,662)
Alabama 130 (102 - 166) 32 (26 - 40) 98   (72 - 132)
Alaska 18 (15 - 23) 5 (4 - 6) 14 (10 - 18)
Arizona 189 (147 - 241) 45 (36 - 57) 143 (106 - 193)
Arkansas 87   (69 - 109) 20 (16 - 24) 67 (51 - 88)
California 912    (787 - 1,055) 283 (246 - 324) 629 (515 - 767)
Colorado 158 (125 - 200) 32 (26 - 41) 126   (95 - 166)
Connecticut 104   (81 - 134) 24 (19 - 30) 80   (59 - 109)
Delaware 20 (15 - 25) 6 (5 - 7) 14 (10 - 19)
District of Columbia 21 (17 - 27) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (12 - 22)
Florida 498 (425 - 582) 110   (95 - 127) 387 (319 - 470)
Georgia 195 (152 - 251) 53 (41 - 68) 142 (104 - 193)
Hawaii 36 (28 - 47) 10   (8 - 13) 27 (19 - 37)
Idaho 52 (42 - 65) 12   (9 - 14) 40 (31 - 53)
Illinois 407 (350 - 474) 92   (80 - 106) 315 (262 - 379)
Indiana 199 (159 - 248) 45 (36 - 55) 154 (118 - 201)
Iowa 90   (72 - 112) 22 (18 - 27) 68 (52 - 89)
Kansas 74 (58 - 93) 21 (16 - 26) 53 (39 - 71)
Kentucky 127 (100 - 160) 27 (22 - 33) 100   (75 - 132)
Louisiana 101   (80 - 127) 31 (24 - 38) 70 (52 - 95)
Maine 47 (37 - 59) 9   (7 - 11) 38 (29 - 49)
Maryland 144 (113 - 184) 40 (31 - 50) 104   (77 - 141)
Massachusetts 198 (156 - 250) 45 (36 - 57) 152 (114 - 202)
Michigan 319 (276 - 369) 83 (73 - 95) 236 (196 - 284)
Minnesota 144 (114 - 182) 38 (30 - 47) 106   (79 - 142)
Mississippi 69 (55 - 87) 21 (17 - 26) 48 (36 - 65)
Missouri 171 (134 - 217) 40 (32 - 50) 131   (98 - 175)
Montana 32 (25 - 40) 7 (6 - 9) 25 (19 - 33)
Nebraska 51 (41 - 64) 13 (10 - 16) 39 (29 - 51)
Nevada 85   (65 - 109) 17 (13 - 21) 68 (50 - 92)
New Hampshire 34 (27 - 43) 9   (7 - 11) 25 (19 - 34)
New Jersey 214 (169 - 272) 61 (49 - 75) 154 (113 - 208)
New Mexico 61 (48 - 76) 16 (13 - 19) 45 (34 - 60)
New York 567 (485 - 662) 150 (129 - 173) 417 (341 - 509)
North Carolina 242 (190 - 308) 55 (44 - 69) 187 (140 - 250)
North Dakota 17 (14 - 22) 5 (4 - 6) 12   (9 - 17)
Ohio 366 (317 - 424) 84 (73 - 95) 283 (236 - 338)
Oklahoma 94   (73 - 120) 26 (20 - 33) 68 (50 - 93)
Oregon 128 (101 - 162) 26 (21 - 32) 102   (77 - 135)
Pennsylvania 335 (287 - 391) 90   (78 - 104) 245 (200 - 299)
Rhode Island 41 (32 - 52) 9   (7 - 11) 33 (24 - 43)
South Carolina 117   (92 - 149) 29 (23 - 36) 88   (65 - 119)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 7 (5 - 8) 19 (14 - 24)
Tennessee 152 (121 - 192) 35 (28 - 44) 117   (88 - 155)
Texas 564 (482 - 659) 148 (128 - 172) 415 (339 - 509)
Utah 101   (81 - 125) 28 (22 - 35) 73 (55 - 95)
Vermont 22 (17 - 28) 5 (4 - 6) 17 (13 - 23)
Virginia 191 (151 - 240) 52 (42 - 65) 138 (103 - 185)
Washington 226 (179 - 284) 49 (40 - 61) 176 (133 - 233)
West Virginia 60 (47 - 77) 13 (10 - 16) 47 (36 - 63)
Wisconsin 172 (138 - 214) 49 (39 - 60) 123   (93 - 163)
Wyoming 18 (14 - 23) 4 (3 - 5) 14 (11 - 19)
121028
Table 26 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008 and 2009 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: The 2008-2009 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,756 (14,203 - 15,331) 2,034 (1,950 - 2,120) 2,729 (2,618 - 2,845) 12,027 (11,485 - 12,594)
Northeast 2,691 (2,498 - 2,899) 344 (320 - 370) 488 (451 - 527) 2,203 (2,020 - 2,403)
Midwest 3,331 (3,145 - 3,527) 456 (431 - 482) 621 (587 - 657) 2,710 (2,531 - 2,900)
South 5,314 (5,014 - 5,630) 729 (688 - 773) 927 (875 - 980) 4,387 (4,098 - 4,695)
West 3,420 (3,173 - 3,687) 505 (468 - 545) 694 (641 - 751) 2,727 (2,491 - 2,984)
Alabama 221 (181 - 269) 30 (25 - 37) 37 (30 - 45) 184 (146 - 231)
Alaska 29 (23 - 35) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (4 - 7) 23 (18 - 29)
Arizona 328 (267 - 402) 48 (40 - 59) 61 (49 - 75) 268 (211 - 338)
Arkansas 166 (135 - 203) 21 (17 - 25) 27 (22 - 32) 140 (110 - 175)
California 1,628 (1,439 - 1,839) 256 (227 - 289) 368 (326 - 415) 1,259 (1,081 - 1,465)
Colorado 278 (227 - 340) 35 (29 - 42) 44 (36 - 55) 234 (185 - 294)
Connecticut 157 (128 - 193) 23 (19 - 28) 29 (24 - 36) 128 (100 - 162)
Delaware 42 (34 - 52) 5 (4 - 7) 8 (7 - 10) 34 (27 - 43)
District of Columbia 28 (23 - 34) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 22 (17 - 28)
Florida 900    (789 - 1,024) 115 (102 - 130) 143 (126 - 162) 757 (651 - 878)
Georgia 437 (355 - 536) 65 (53 - 78) 78 (63 - 95) 359 (283 - 454)
Hawaii 59 (47 - 73) 8 (6 - 9) 11   (9 - 14) 48 (37 - 61)
Idaho 82 (68 - 98) 12 (10 - 14) 15 (12 - 18) 67 (54 - 82)
Illinois 588 (519 - 664) 80 (70 - 90) 116 (102 - 131) 472 (407 - 546)
Indiana 384 (318 - 462) 49 (41 - 59) 58 (47 - 71) 326 (263 - 402)
Iowa 132 (109 - 160) 19 (16 - 23) 26 (21 - 32) 106   (84 - 132)
Kansas 135 (111 - 165) 20 (16 - 24) 27 (22 - 33) 108   (86 - 137)
Kentucky 228 (187 - 278) 28 (23 - 34) 34 (28 - 42) 194 (155 - 242)
Louisiana 186 (152 - 228) 28 (23 - 35) 37 (30 - 45) 150 (118 - 190)
Maine 70 (57 - 85) 8   (7 - 10) 11   (9 - 13) 59 (47 - 74)
Maryland 261 (209 - 324) 34 (27 - 41) 50 (40 - 62) 211 (163 - 271)
Massachusetts 340 (281 - 410) 40 (33 - 49) 65 (53 - 79) 276 (221 - 342)
Michigan 498 (443 - 560) 69 (61 - 78) 99   (89 - 111) 399 (346 - 459)
Minnesota 296 (243 - 359) 36 (30 - 43) 51 (42 - 62) 245 (196 - 305)
Mississippi 122 (100 - 150) 18 (15 - 22) 22 (17 - 27) 101   (79 - 127)
Missouri 310 (255 - 376) 43 (36 - 52) 57 (47 - 69) 253 (201 - 317)
Montana 50 (41 - 60) 7 (6 - 8) 9   (8 - 11) 40 (32 - 50)
Nebraska 83   (68 - 100) 12 (10 - 14) 16 (13 - 19) 67 (54 - 83)
Nevada 132 (107 - 162) 16 (13 - 19) 22 (18 - 27) 110   (86 - 140)
New Hampshire 77 (63 - 94) 9   (8 - 11) 12 (10 - 15) 65 (52 - 81)
New Jersey 390 (316 - 480) 52 (42 - 63) 71 (58 - 86) 320 (250 - 407)
New Mexico 94   (77 - 115) 15 (12 - 18) 20 (16 - 24) 75 (59 - 95)
New York 985    (870 - 1,114) 126 (111 - 143) 177 (154 - 203) 808 (699 - 932)
North Carolina 467 (384 - 567) 61 (51 - 74) 76 (63 - 93) 391 (312 - 488)
North Dakota 30 (25 - 37) 4 (4 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (19 - 30)
Ohio 532 (470 - 602) 78 (69 - 88) 99   (88 - 111) 433 (373 - 502)
Oklahoma 197 (160 - 242) 24 (19 - 29) 39 (31 - 48) 158 (125 - 201)
Oregon 215 (177 - 261) 30 (25 - 36) 38 (31 - 46) 177 (141 - 222)
Pennsylvania 564 (491 - 648) 74 (65 - 84) 103   (89 - 118) 462 (393 - 542)
Rhode Island 75 (61 - 93) 8 (6 - 9) 14 (11 - 17) 62 (48 - 78)
South Carolina 235 (193 - 285) 32 (27 - 38) 40 (32 - 48) 195 (155 - 244)
South Dakota 34 (27 - 42) 6 (4 - 7) 6 (5 - 8) 28 (22 - 35)
Tennessee 319 (262 - 388) 42 (35 - 51) 45 (36 - 55) 274 (220 - 341)
Texas 1,031    (908 - 1,169) 158 (139 - 180) 198 (174 - 225) 833 (716 - 967)
Utah 141 (118 - 168) 21 (18 - 25) 31 (26 - 38) 109   (89 - 134)
Vermont 32 (26 - 39) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (20 - 32)
Virginia 363 (297 - 443) 53 (44 - 64) 72 (59 - 87) 292 (230 - 369)
Washington 356 (293 - 431) 49 (41 - 58) 62 (51 - 76) 293 (234 - 366)
West Virginia 109   (89 - 133) 11   (9 - 13) 16 (13 - 19) 94   (75 - 117)
Wisconsin 309 (257 - 371) 40 (33 - 48) 59 (49 - 70) 250 (201 - 310)
Wyoming 29 (24 - 35) 4 (3 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (19 - 30)

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