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130129

UNITED STATES

Table 1 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the United States, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The numbers in this table are based on national design-based estimates.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 20,007 2,364 6,483 11,161 17,643
Past Year Marijuana Use 25,514 3,208 9,081 13,225 22,306
Past Month Marijuana Use 14,869 1,680 5,426 7,763 13,189
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 8,924 1,137 2,610 5,177 7,787
Past Year Cocaine Use 5,515 346 1,966 3,204 5,170
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 12,215 1,649 3,968 6,598 10,567
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 93,713 8,499 7,777 77,436 85,214
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2,484 1,218 1,130 137 1,267
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 127,881 3,856 20,087 103,938 124,025
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 58,114 2,333 13,642 42,139 55,781
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
104,060 9,941 10,866 83,253 94,119
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 10,4174 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 6,9394 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 71,006 3,005 13,668 54,332 68,000
Past Month Cigarette Use 60,002 2,389 11,809 45,804 57,613
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
183,240 17,332 22,909 142,998 165,908
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 4,787 610 1,830 2,348 4,178
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 6,939 1,123 2,595 3,220 5,815
Alcohol Dependence 8,647 512 2,390 5,745 8,135
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 18,582 1,294 5,626 11,662 17,289
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22,378 1,925 6,851 13,602 20,453
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 6,282 1,049 2,420 2,814 5,233
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 17,656 1,247 5,425 10,983 16,409
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 2,065 2,697 12,078 14,775
130129

UNITED STATES

Table 2 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the United States, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The percentages in this table are based on national design-based estimates.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.04 9.43 19.74 5.85 7.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.25 12.80 27.66 6.93 9.97
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.98 6.70 16.52 4.07 5.89
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.59 4.54 7.95 2.71 3.48
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.22 1.38 5.99 1.68 2.31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.91 6.58 12.09 3.46 4.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.66 33.91 23.69 40.56 38.08
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.66 5.49 6.54 0.12 0.99
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.39 15.38 61.18 54.44 55.42
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.35 9.31 41.55 22.07 24.93
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.82 39.66 33.09 43.60 42.06
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.224 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.134 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.54 11.99 41.63 28.46 30.39
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.12 9.53 35.97 23.99 25.75
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.64 69.14 69.77 74.89 74.14
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.92 2.43 5.57 1.23 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.79 4.48 7.90 1.69 2.60
Alcohol Dependence 3.47 2.04 7.28 3.01 3.64
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.47 5.16 17.13 6.11 7.73
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.99 7.68 20.86 7.12 9.14
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.52 4.19 7.37 1.47 2.34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.10 4.98 16.52 5.75 7.33
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.24 8.21 6.33 6.60
130129

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 3 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 3,780 429 1,324 2,027 3,351
Past Year Marijuana Use 4,957 596 1,876 2,485 4,361
Past Month Marijuana Use 2,939 329 1,168 1,442 2,610
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,529 178 463 888 1,350
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,064 58 377 629 1,006
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,942 238 669 1,035 1,704
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 16,136 1,373 1,204 13,559 14,763
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 454 223 207 24 231
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 25,803 757 3,949 21,098 25,046
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 11,186 457 2,674 8,055 10,729
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
18,300 1,669 1,787 14,844 16,631
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,0884 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,4044 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 12,186 508 2,412 9,266 11,678
Past Month Cigarette Use 10,377 400 2,075 7,902 9,977
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
35,024 3,158 4,314 27,553 31,867
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 912 104 365 443 808
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,303 185 524 594 1,118
Alcohol Dependence 1,578 87 439 1,052 1,491
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 3,329 218 1,053 2,058 3,111
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4,049 323 1,302 2,424 3,726
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,145 172 478 494 972
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 3,151 210 1,013 1,928 2,941
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 357 483 2,194 2,677
130129

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 4 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.22 9.72 22.28 5.69 8.06
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.78 13.50 31.55 6.98 10.49
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.39 7.45 19.65 4.05 6.28
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.32 4.03 7.78 2.49 3.25
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.32 1.32 6.34 1.77 2.42
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.22 5.38 11.25 2.91 4.10
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.08 31.08 20.25 38.05 35.51
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 5.70 7.09 0.12 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.11 17.14 66.42 59.22 60.25
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.33 10.36 44.97 22.61 25.81
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.79 37.78 30.06 41.66 40.00
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.674 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.634 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.50 11.51 40.57 26.01 28.09
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.57 9.07 34.91 22.18 24.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
76.16 71.49 72.57 77.33 76.65
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.98 2.35 6.14 1.24 1.95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.83 4.19 8.81 1.67 2.69
Alcohol Dependence 3.43 1.96 7.39 2.95 3.59
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.24 4.93 17.71 5.78 7.49
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.81 7.32 21.91 6.80 8.97
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.49 3.90 8.04 1.39 2.34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.85 4.76 17.04 5.41 7.08
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.08 8.12 6.16 6.44
130129

MIDWEST REGION

Table 5 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 4,228 523 1,406 2,300 3,705
Past Year Marijuana Use 5,549 705 2,037 2,807 4,843
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,240 378 1,188 1,674 2,862
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,852 248 567 1,038 1,605
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,134 71 426 637 1,063
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 2,709 379 890 1,441 2,331
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 19,952 1,946 1,591 16,415 18,006
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 561 275 256 29 285
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 29,755 902 4,787 24,066 28,853
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 14,238 562 3,396 10,280 13,676
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
21,150 2,067 2,064 17,019 19,083
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,4104 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,6754 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 17,145 769 3,418 12,958 16,376
Past Month Cigarette Use 14,410 612 2,964 10,834 13,798
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
38,832 3,776 4,808 30,248 35,056
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,014 142 387 485 872
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,465 259 544 662 1,206
Alcohol Dependence 1,945 118 550 1,277 1,827
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,478 317 1,385 2,775 4,160
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,252 456 1,630 3,166 4,796
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,295 236 509 550 1,059
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,225 301 1,323 2,601 3,924
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 466 621 2,703 3,324
130129

MIDWEST REGION

Table 6 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.70 9.40 19.30 5.47 7.51
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.11 12.68 27.97 6.68 9.82
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.90 6.80 16.32 3.98 5.80
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.37 4.45 7.79 2.47 3.25
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.07 1.27 5.85 1.51 2.15
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.93 6.81 12.22 3.43 4.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.36 34.99 21.85 39.05 36.51
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.53 6.92 0.12 1.05
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.23 16.21 65.74 57.26 58.51
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.94 10.11 46.64 24.46 27.73
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.54 37.17 28.35 40.48 38.69
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.554 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.844 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.24 13.82 46.94 30.83 33.20
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.26 11.01 40.70 25.77 27.97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.76 67.89 66.02 71.96 71.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.85 2.55 5.32 1.15 1.77
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.67 4.66 7.47 1.57 2.44
Alcohol Dependence 3.54 2.13 7.55 3.04 3.70
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.16 5.71 19.02 6.60 8.43
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.57 8.19 22.39 7.53 9.72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.36 4.25 6.99 1.31 2.15
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.70 5.42 18.17 6.19 7.95
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.39 8.53 6.43 6.74
130129

SOUTH REGION

Table 7 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the South Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6,596 805 2,096 3,694 5,790
Past Year Marijuana Use 8,377 1,079 2,842 4,456 7,298
Past Month Marijuana Use 4,761 546 1,695 2,520 4,215
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3,199 410 912 1,877 2,789
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,899 117 630 1,152 1,782
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4,413 610 1,396 2,407 3,803
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37,573 3,302 3,120 31,151 34,271
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 853 424 379 49 429
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42,874 1,294 6,736 34,844 41,580
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19,963 782 4,476 14,705 19,181
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39,885 3,795 4,253 31,837 36,090
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3,4944 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2,2624 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27,326 1,117 4,952 21,257 26,209
Past Month Cigarette Use 22,999 906 4,289 17,805 22,094
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
65,851 6,153 8,104 51,594 59,698
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,731 209 631 891 1,522
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,542 392 896 1,255 2,151
Alcohol Dependence 3,041 176 789 2,076 2,866
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6,285 416 1,813 4,056 5,869
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7,731 646 2,260 4,825 7,085
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2,305 368 833 1,105 1,937
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6,028 406 1,756 3,867 5,622
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 745 917 4,459 5,377
130129

SOUTH REGION

Table 8 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the South Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.29 8.86 17.87 5.31 7.12
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.26 11.87 24.24 6.40 8.97
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.26 6.01 14.45 3.62 5.18
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.54 4.51 7.78 2.70 3.43
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.10 1.29 5.37 1.65 2.19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.88 6.71 11.91 3.46 4.68
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.54 36.33 26.61 44.74 42.13
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 5.20 5.75 0.12 0.88
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.39 14.23 57.44 50.03 51.10
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.07 8.60 38.17 21.11 23.57
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.10 41.75 36.27 45.72 44.36
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.334 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.22 12.29 42.23 30.53 32.22
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.43 9.96 36.58 25.57 27.16
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.80 67.70 69.10 74.09 73.37
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.30 5.39 1.28 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 4.31 7.64 1.80 2.64
Alcohol Dependence 3.36 1.93 6.73 2.98 3.52
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.95 4.57 15.46 5.82 7.21
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.55 7.11 19.27 6.93 8.71
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 4.05 7.10 1.59 2.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.67 4.47 14.97 5.55 6.91
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.20 7.82 6.40 6.61
130129

WEST REGION

Table 9 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the West Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5,403 606 1,657 3,140 4,797
Past Year Marijuana Use 6,632 828 2,327 3,477 5,804
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,929 427 1,375 2,127 3,502
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2,344 301 668 1,375 2,043
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,418 99 532 786 1,318
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3,151 422 1,014 1,716 2,729
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 20,052 1,879 1,862 16,312 18,173
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 617 295 288 34 322
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 29,449 903 4,616 23,930 28,546
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 12,727 531 3,096 9,099 12,195
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
24,726 2,410 2,762 19,554 22,315
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,4254 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,5994 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 14,348 611 2,888 10,850 13,737
Past Month Cigarette Use 12,215 470 2,481 9,264 11,745
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
43,532 4,245 5,684 33,603 39,287
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,130 155 446 529 975
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,628 287 632 709 1,341
Alcohol Dependence 2,082 131 612 1,339 1,951
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,490 343 1,375 2,773 4,148
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,346 500 1,659 3,187 4,846
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,537 272 600 665 1,265
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,251 330 1,334 2,587 3,921
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 497 676 2,722 3,398
130129

WEST REGION

Table 10 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the West Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.39 10.10 21.02 7.20 9.31
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.53 13.80 29.52 7.97 11.27
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.83 7.12 17.44 4.88 6.80
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.08 5.02 8.48 3.15 3.97
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.46 1.66 6.75 1.80 2.56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.48 7.03 12.86 3.93 5.30
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.86 31.32 23.62 37.38 35.28
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 5.75 7.04 0.13 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.21 15.06 58.56 54.85 55.41
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.13 8.86 39.28 20.86 23.67
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.99 40.18 35.04 44.81 43.32
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.294 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.95 10.19 36.64 24.87 26.67
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.24 7.84 31.48 21.23 22.80
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.69 70.77 72.11 77.01 76.26
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.96 2.59 5.66 1.21 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.83 4.79 8.01 1.63 2.60
Alcohol Dependence 3.62 2.19 7.76 3.07 3.79
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.81 5.71 17.44 6.36 8.05
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.29 8.34 21.05 7.31 9.41
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.67 4.54 7.61 1.52 2.46
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.39 5.49 16.93 5.93 7.61
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.28 8.57 6.24 6.60
130129

ALABAMA

Table 11 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alabama, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 259 32 84 143 227
Past Year Marijuana Use 308 42 103 163 267
Past Month Marijuana Use 175 20 65 90 155
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 145 18 42 85 127
Past Year Cocaine Use 60 4 20 36 56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 205 28 66 111 178
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,695 156 141 1,398 1,539
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 33 16 15 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,546 50 262 1,234 1,496
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 734 30 170 534 703
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,755 167 183 1,405 1,588
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1334 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 844 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,249 56 237 956 1,193
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,039 43 192 804 995
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,620 242 330 2,048 2,378
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 73 9 27 38 64
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 117 16 40 62 101
Alcohol Dependence 119 8 29 82 111
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 241 17 65 158 223
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 303 27 84 193 276
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 101 14 37 50 87
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 225 17 62 146 208
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 32 38 163 201
130129

ALABAMA

Table 12 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alabama, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.76 8.29 16.74 4.87 6.59
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.05 10.85 20.70 5.54 7.74
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.57 5.24 12.99 3.06 4.50
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.80 4.75 8.46 2.89 3.69
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.56 1.03 3.95 1.22 1.61
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.37 7.27 13.25 3.78 5.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.29 40.83 28.23 47.46 44.67
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.27 4.52 4.63 0.11 0.75
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.39 13.04 52.47 41.90 43.43
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.16 7.95 33.94 18.12 20.41
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.86 43.55 36.67 47.72 46.12
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 22.754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.64 14.74 47.38 32.47 34.63
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.14 11.32 38.40 27.29 28.90
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
68.44 63.20 66.00 69.54 69.02
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.31 5.33 1.28 1.86
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.06 4.14 7.93 2.09 2.94
Alcohol Dependence 3.11 1.99 5.80 2.80 3.23
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.29 4.56 13.10 5.35 6.48
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.93 7.10 16.75 6.54 8.02
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.63 3.57 7.36 1.70 2.52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.88 4.34 12.50 4.95 6.05
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.36 7.60 5.54 5.84
130129

ALASKA

Table 13 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alaska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 64 7 19 38 57
Past Year Marijuana Use 81 9 25 46 71
Past Month Marijuana Use 49 5 15 29 44
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 21 3 6 12 18
Past Year Cocaine Use 17 1 6 10 16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 28 5 8 15 24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 162 18 14 130 143
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 3 2 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 296 9 47 241 287
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 131 5 32 94 126
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
211 26 21 163 185
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 174 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 161 9 34 119 152
Past Month Cigarette Use 131 6 29 96 126
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
388 44 51 292 343
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 11 2 4 5 9
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 16 3 6 7 13
Alcohol Dependence 20 1 6 13 19
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 42 3 13 25 38
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 51 5 16 29 45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 15 3 5 6 12
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 38 3 13 23 35
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 5 6 24 30
130129

ALASKA

Table 14 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alaska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.80 10.94 24.50 9.55 11.91
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.88 15.04 33.42 11.37 14.86
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.13 8.00 20.28 7.20 9.27
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.94 4.79 8.31 2.98 3.83
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.07 1.71 7.82 2.38 3.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.25 7.40 11.16 3.80 4.97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 29.85 28.84 18.26 32.19 29.98
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.26 6.15 7.24 0.16 1.32
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.73 14.29 61.64 59.72 60.03
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.20 8.58 41.85 23.31 26.25
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.93 41.68 28.38 40.49 38.57
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.164 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.364 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.74 13.63 44.63 29.45 31.85
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.28 9.14 38.79 23.92 26.27
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.63 70.97 66.82 72.64 71.71
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.07 2.73 5.60 1.30 1.98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.91 4.75 7.92 1.68 2.66
Alcohol Dependence 3.77 2.06 7.64 3.31 3.99
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.74 5.58 17.35 6.27 8.02
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.35 8.24 21.32 7.27 9.49
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.73 4.44 7.24 1.61 2.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.09 5.13 16.63 5.61 7.35
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.74 7.85 6.03 6.32
130129

ARIZONA

Table 15 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arizona, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 466 54 138 274 412
Past Year Marijuana Use 536 73 188 275 463
Past Month Marijuana Use 301 35 108 157 266
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 228 30 62 136 198
Past Year Cocaine Use 161 11 53 96 150
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 317 45 93 179 272
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,984 186 187 1,611 1,799
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 50 25 22 3 25
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,734 86 407 2,241 2,648
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,202 50 270 882 1,152
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,192 201 245 1,745 1,990
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,445 60 278 1,108 1,386
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,238 50 233 955 1,188
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,871 383 467 3,021 3,488
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 103 13 40 50 89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 161 25 59 77 136
Alcohol Dependence 178 12 49 117 166
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 409 32 118 259 377
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 495 47 146 302 448
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 152 24 53 74 128
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 395 31 115 248 363
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 48 61 267 328
130129

ARIZONA

Table 16 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arizona, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.00 10.10 20.47 6.91 8.88
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.36 13.67 27.93 6.93 9.97
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.81 6.57 16.08 3.96 5.72
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.41 5.57 9.29 3.43 4.28
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.10 2.06 7.95 2.42 3.22
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.12 8.43 13.89 4.50 5.86
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.30 34.54 27.88 40.58 38.74
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.65 5.50 6.71 0.12 0.97
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.79 16.05 60.49 56.45 57.04
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.21 9.33 40.22 22.20 24.81
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.31 37.51 36.52 43.94 42.87
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.334 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.824 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.90 11.09 41.31 27.91 29.85
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.90 9.35 34.67 24.05 25.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.74 71.34 69.55 76.08 75.14
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.99 2.51 5.92 1.25 1.93
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.12 4.71 8.75 1.94 2.93
Alcohol Dependence 3.44 2.30 7.32 2.94 3.58
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.90 6.03 17.52 6.52 8.11
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.55 8.72 21.75 7.60 9.65
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.94 4.55 7.95 1.87 2.75
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.62 5.85 17.10 6.25 7.83
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.92 9.06 6.72 7.06
130129

ARKANSAS

Table 17 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arkansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 185 20 60 106 166
Past Year Marijuana Use 247 27 81 140 220
Past Month Marijuana Use 128 13 46 69 115
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 100 11 30 59 89
Past Year Cocaine Use 48 3 16 29 45
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 147 18 47 82 129
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 947 90 74 783 857
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 20 10 9 1 10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,003 34 158 811 969
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 503 20 115 367 483
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
958 91 101 765 866
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 854 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 833 35 142 655 798
Past Month Cigarette Use 723 31 129 564 692
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,618 153 196 1,269 1,464
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 47 6 16 25 41
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 68 11 23 35 57
Alcohol Dependence 81 5 23 54 77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 161 12 48 101 149
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 200 18 59 123 182
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 60 10 21 29 50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 152 12 45 96 140
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 20 25 129 154
130129

ARKANSAS

Table 18 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arkansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.98 8.51 20.28 5.89 7.92
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.62 11.45 27.47 7.76 10.53
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.50 5.68 15.51 3.84 5.48
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.30 4.72 10.10 3.30 4.26
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.05 1.23 5.44 1.60 2.14
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.32 7.85 15.94 4.55 6.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.74 38.72 25.05 43.56 40.96
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.52 4.93 6.58 0.13 0.92
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 43.16 14.77 53.96 45.07 46.32
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.64 8.79 39.20 20.43 23.07
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.19 39.14 34.41 42.56 41.42
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.064 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.464 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 35.82 15.02 48.45 36.45 38.13
Past Month Cigarette Use 31.10 13.16 43.81 31.35 33.10
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.59 65.90 66.62 70.55 70.00
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.01 2.53 5.35 1.39 1.95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.94 4.69 7.73 1.93 2.74
Alcohol Dependence 3.49 1.95 7.80 2.99 3.66
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.93 5.30 16.30 5.61 7.11
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.62 7.87 20.14 6.84 8.70
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.59 4.49 7.15 1.59 2.37
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.56 5.19 15.16 5.33 6.71
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.77 8.50 7.20 7.38
130129

CALIFORNIA

Table 19 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in California, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 2,719 312 885 1,522 2,407
Past Year Marijuana Use 3,461 425 1,254 1,782 3,036
Past Month Marijuana Use 1,994 221 736 1,037 1,773
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,186 155 342 689 1,031
Past Year Cocaine Use 678 51 261 367 627
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,535 203 512 819 1,332
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 10,866 992 1,044 8,831 9,874
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 346 157 170 19 189
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 14,883 475 2,462 11,946 14,408
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 6,469 280 1,621 4,568 6,189
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
13,108 1,335 1,553 10,220 11,773
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1,2694 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 8384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 6,753 269 1,410 5,074 6,484
Past Month Cigarette Use 5,799 213 1,215 4,371 5,587
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
23,044 2,279 3,145 17,619 20,764
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 575 78 241 256 497
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 792 148 326 318 644
Alcohol Dependence 1,091 70 332 690 1,022
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 2,283 179 714 1,389 2,103
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,680 258 865 1,556 2,421
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 763 142 319 302 621
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 2,166 175 697 1,294 1,991
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 251 357 1,278 1,635
130129

CALIFORNIA

Table 20 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in California, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.08 9.71 20.78 6.78 9.01
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.56 13.25 29.44 7.93 11.36
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.66 6.88 17.29 4.62 6.63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.96 4.81 8.03 3.07 3.86
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.27 1.58 6.13 1.63 2.35
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.13 6.33 12.04 3.65 4.98
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.30 30.90 24.51 39.31 36.95
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.86 5.58 7.15 0.13 1.18
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 49.72 14.79 57.82 53.18 53.92
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.61 8.73 38.06 20.34 23.16
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.79 41.60 36.48 45.49 44.06
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.954 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 22.56 8.37 33.12 22.59 24.26
Past Month Cigarette Use 19.37 6.63 28.54 19.46 20.90
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
76.99 71.03 73.87 78.43 77.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.92 2.42 5.67 1.14 1.86
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.65 4.61 7.66 1.42 2.41
Alcohol Dependence 3.64 2.17 7.80 3.07 3.82
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.62 5.59 16.78 6.18 7.87
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.95 8.04 20.31 6.93 9.06
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 4.42 7.49 1.34 2.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.24 5.46 16.37 5.76 7.45
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.83 8.37 5.69 6.12
130129

COLORADO

Table 21 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Colorado, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 470 47 140 284 423
Past Year Marijuana Use 549 64 185 299 484
Past Month Marijuana Use 369 35 122 212 334
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 184 21 57 106 163
Past Year Cocaine Use 146 8 54 84 138
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 226 28 75 123 199
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,135 100 84 951 1,035
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 22 18 2 20
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,489 74 371 2,045 2,415
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,072 41 259 771 1,030
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,532 142 136 1,255 1,390
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1824 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1194 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,210 55 250 905 1,156
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,008 38 219 751 970
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,012 269 361 2,381 2,742
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 84 11 30 43 73
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 135 21 50 65 114
Alcohol Dependence 150 9 46 96 142
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 365 27 117 222 339
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 436 37 135 263 399
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 129 20 47 62 109
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 344 25 114 205 319
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 34 44 204 248
130129

COLORADO

Table 22 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Colorado, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.72 12.06 26.83 9.16 11.69
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.68 16.62 35.61 9.65 13.37
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.21 9.13 23.44 6.84 9.22
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.59 5.42 10.99 3.42 4.50
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.65 2.07 10.40 2.72 3.82
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.64 7.18 14.45 3.98 5.48
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.33 25.88 16.16 30.67 28.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.38 7.42 9.38 0.18 1.38
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 62.15 19.02 71.26 65.98 66.74
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.74 10.72 49.87 24.87 28.45
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.24 36.58 26.06 40.48 38.42
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.884 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.754 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.21 14.13 48.09 29.22 31.92
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.16 9.87 42.18 24.22 26.79
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.18 69.54 69.46 76.84 75.78
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.10 2.87 5.78 1.39 2.02
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.36 5.34 9.52 2.08 3.15
Alcohol Dependence 3.75 2.26 8.76 3.10 3.91
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.11 6.87 22.46 7.16 9.35
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.87 9.55 26.02 8.50 11.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.23 5.17 9.12 2.00 3.02
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.57 6.45 21.97 6.60 8.80
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.90 8.42 6.58 6.84
130129

CONNECTICUT

Table 23 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Connecticut, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 240 29 80 131 211
Past Year Marijuana Use 332 40 123 169 292
Past Month Marijuana Use 189 23 71 96 166
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 95 13 27 55 82
Past Year Cocaine Use 66 5 23 39 61
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 113 15 37 60 98
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,049 87 72 890 962
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 30 17 12 2 14
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,777 54 247 1,476 1,724
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 762 39 169 554 723
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,160 108 108 943 1,051
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1054 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 769 33 153 583 735
Past Month Cigarette Use 639 26 132 481 613
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,262 210 262 1,790 2,052
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 57 7 22 27 49
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 84 13 33 38 71
Alcohol Dependence 102 6 28 68 96
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 239 18 69 152 221
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 275 25 82 168 250
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 73 12 29 32 61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 228 18 66 144 210
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 24 31 147 178
130129

CONNECTICUT

Table 24 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Connecticut, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.24 10.08 22.44 5.77 8.04
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.38 13.64 34.55 7.44 11.13
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.47 7.79 19.78 4.21 6.33
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.25 4.30 7.57 2.44 3.14
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.27 1.62 6.44 1.70 2.34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.86 5.04 10.49 2.66 3.73
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.94 29.83 20.20 39.20 36.62
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.91 6.60 7.25 0.13 1.02
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.90 18.42 69.41 65.03 65.63
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.11 13.45 47.31 24.41 27.52
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.73 37.00 30.32 41.56 40.03
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 24.364 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.34 11.40 42.81 25.67 28.00
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.91 9.00 37.06 21.19 23.35
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.49 71.81 73.45 78.86 78.12
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.54 6.23 1.20 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.87 4.31 9.32 1.66 2.71
Alcohol Dependence 3.49 2.13 7.84 2.99 3.65
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.20 6.23 19.40 6.69 8.42
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.42 8.39 23.05 7.41 9.54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.50 3.96 8.19 1.42 2.34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.81 6.05 18.56 6.34 8.00
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.20 8.62 6.50 6.78
130129

DELAWARE

Table 25 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Delaware, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 66 7 23 35 59
Past Year Marijuana Use 84 10 32 43 74
Past Month Marijuana Use 51 5 20 26 46
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 31 3 9 19 27
Past Year Cocaine Use 19 1 6 12 18
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 37 4 12 20 32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 266 24 19 223 242
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 397 11 62 324 386
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 176 7 43 126 169
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
300 29 30 241 271
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 324 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 234 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 218 9 41 168 209
Past Month Cigarette Use 189 7 37 145 182
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
543 51 66 426 492
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 2 6 8 13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 3 8 10 19
Alcohol Dependence 24 1 6 16 23
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 52 3 16 33 49
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 65 5 21 39 60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 21 3 8 10 18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 49 3 16 31 46
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 6 7 33 40
130129

DELAWARE

Table 26 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Delaware, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.15 9.95 25.32 6.36 9.06
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.70 13.79 34.39 7.66 11.47
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.11 7.19 22.11 4.60 7.10
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.26 4.51 9.55 3.34 4.23
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.65 1.12 6.68 2.17 2.81
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.14 6.39 13.14 3.65 5.01
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.03 33.81 20.75 40.14 37.37
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.78 5.38 8.54 0.13 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.24 15.52 67.35 58.23 59.53
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.51 9.53 47.03 22.65 26.12
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.79 41.86 32.66 43.30 41.78
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.304 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.30 12.46 43.88 30.29 32.23
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.34 9.67 40.09 26.15 28.14
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.54 72.41 71.82 76.55 75.88
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.07 2.43 6.13 1.35 2.03
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.06 4.61 9.19 1.85 2.90
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 1.96 6.80 2.93 3.48
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.29 4.71 17.58 5.90 7.57
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.10 7.08 22.79 7.08 9.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.87 4.25 8.48 1.76 2.72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.87 4.61 16.82 5.50 7.11
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.17 7.74 5.97 6.22
130129

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 27 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 61 4 22 35 57
Past Year Marijuana Use 79 5 31 43 74
Past Month Marijuana Use 49 3 20 26 46
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 23 2 6 15 21
Past Year Cocaine Use 21 0 5 16 21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 19 1 7 11 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 156 10 15 131 146
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 2 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 305 6 61 238 299
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 151 3 42 106 148
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
208 17 27 165 192
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 234 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 148 3 32 113 145
Past Month Cigarette Use 136 3 29 104 133
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
397 25 64 308 372
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 1 6 9 15
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 1 8 13 21
Alcohol Dependence 25 0 8 16 24
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 48 1 16 31 47
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 58 2 20 36 56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 19 1 8 9 17
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 45 1 16 28 44
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 3 7 24 31
130129

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 28 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 12.17 10.91 26.43 9.15 12.27
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.63 13.85 36.74 11.13 15.77
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.66 7.21 23.72 6.79 9.85
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.57 4.25 7.02 4.06 4.59
Past Year Cocaine Use 4.20 0.60 5.48 4.27 4.48
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.86 4.05 8.13 2.90 3.85
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 30.96 26.87 18.18 34.19 31.29
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.30 6.83 8.38 0.21 1.65
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.46 15.40 72.45 62.20 64.05
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 29.89 7.79 49.08 27.79 31.65
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.35 44.81 31.83 43.13 41.08
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 35.114 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.784 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.40 9.34 37.47 29.56 30.99
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.95 6.88 34.38 27.27 28.54
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
78.79 67.56 76.04 80.49 79.68
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 3.04 1.94 7.01 2.27 3.13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4.47 3.75 10.00 3.31 4.52
Alcohol Dependence 4.92 1.27 9.43 4.28 5.21
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.53 3.26 18.99 8.05 10.03
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 11.60 5.45 23.75 9.51 12.08
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.70 3.77 9.37 2.44 3.70
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.96 3.20 18.54 7.40 9.42
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.19 7.97 6.30 6.60
130129

FLORIDA

Table 29 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Florida, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,193 124 336 733 1,069
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,481 169 463 849 1,312
Past Month Marijuana Use 859 90 278 492 769
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 535 61 135 339 474
Past Year Cocaine Use 305 20 99 186 285
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 628 89 194 345 539
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,525 482 463 5,579 6,043
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 130 64 58 7 66
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 8,051 221 1,037 6,794 7,830
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,494 131 681 2,682 3,363
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,740 560 659 5,520 6,180
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 5804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3714 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 4,374 156 718 3,501 4,218
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,676 125 614 2,937 3,551
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
11,535 962 1,253 9,320 10,573
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 280 31 95 154 248
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 410 59 135 216 351
Alcohol Dependence 533 28 120 385 505
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,103 66 273 764 1,037
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,326 101 334 892 1,226
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 388 56 126 206 332
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,060 64 262 733 995
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 106 137 776 914
130129

FLORIDA

Table 30 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Florida, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.80 9.05 18.88 6.03 7.68
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.68 12.33 26.04 6.98 9.42
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.62 6.55 15.62 4.04 5.53
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.49 4.45 7.59 2.79 3.40
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.00 1.47 5.55 1.53 2.05
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.10 6.48 10.90 2.84 3.87
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.62 35.22 26.05 45.89 43.35
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.33 5.17 5.81 0.10 0.77
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.60 16.15 58.32 55.87 56.19
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.84 9.59 38.32 22.06 24.14
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.03 40.91 37.09 45.40 44.34
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.614 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.58 11.37 40.38 28.79 30.28
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.03 9.13 34.56 24.15 25.49
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.37 70.32 70.47 76.65 75.87
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.83 2.28 5.34 1.26 1.78
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.68 4.29 7.60 1.78 2.52
Alcohol Dependence 3.48 2.01 6.73 3.17 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.21 4.79 15.36 6.28 7.45
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.67 7.35 18.78 7.34 8.80
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.54 4.08 7.10 1.69 2.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.93 4.70 14.74 6.03 7.14
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.71 7.73 6.39 6.56
130129

GEORGIA

Table 31 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Georgia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 559 67 183 309 492
Past Year Marijuana Use 788 100 248 440 689
Past Month Marijuana Use 419 45 147 227 374
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 236 32 71 133 204
Past Year Cocaine Use 160 9 49 102 151
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 398 52 123 222 345
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,898 268 242 2,388 2,630
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 76 37 34 5 39
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,692 108 543 3,041 3,584
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,672 59 354 1,259 1,613
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,466 375 365 2,727 3,092
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2914 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1794 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,415 110 421 1,884 2,305
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,005 81 368 1,556 1,924
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,584 567 692 4,325 5,017
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 158 18 53 87 140
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 235 32 81 121 202
Alcohol Dependence 256 15 59 182 241
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 494 32 137 325 462
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 648 54 187 407 594
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 215 31 77 107 184
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 478 31 138 308 446
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 68 74 376 450
130129

GEORGIA

Table 32 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Georgia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.26 8.10 18.30 5.26 7.16
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.25 12.08 24.87 7.50 10.03
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.44 5.41 14.72 3.87 5.45
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.07 3.92 7.14 2.26 2.97
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.08 1.09 4.86 1.74 2.20
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.17 6.31 12.35 3.78 5.03
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.65 32.51 24.24 40.65 38.26
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.67 5.24 5.95 0.15 1.00
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.96 13.09 54.37 51.76 52.14
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.73 7.20 35.46 21.43 23.47
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.03 45.41 36.53 46.42 44.98
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.524 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.38 13.36 42.17 32.07 33.54
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.04 9.81 36.83 26.48 27.99
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.53 68.70 69.29 73.62 72.99
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.05 2.14 5.33 1.48 2.04
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.05 3.93 8.11 2.06 2.94
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 1.79 5.91 3.10 3.51
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.41 3.85 13.67 5.54 6.72
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.42 6.50 18.70 6.93 8.65
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.79 3.75 7.66 1.83 2.68
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.21 3.82 13.80 5.25 6.49
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.26 7.41 6.40 6.54
130129

HAWAII

Table 33 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Hawaii, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 104 10 27 68 95
Past Year Marijuana Use 109 13 38 59 96
Past Month Marijuana Use 70 7 22 41 63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 44 5 10 29 39
Past Year Cocaine Use 22 1 7 14 21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 48 6 13 29 42
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 385 29 30 326 356
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 5 4 0 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 507 12 75 420 495
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 242 7 53 183 235
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
437 39 41 356 397
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 314 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 253 10 50 194 244
Past Month Cigarette Use 228 7 46 175 221
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
774 70 91 613 704
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 18 3 6 9 15
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 26 5 9 13 22
Alcohol Dependence 36 2 10 25 35
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 87 5 23 59 82
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 101 8 26 67 93
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 26 4 8 14 22
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 84 5 23 56 79
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8 10 46 56
130129

HAWAII

Table 34 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Hawaii, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.93 9.95 21.14 8.15 9.93
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.43 13.63 29.29 7.08 10.11
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.70 7.09 17.31 4.97 6.66
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.19 4.79 7.80 3.55 4.13
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.12 1.53 5.50 1.65 2.18
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.55 6.02 10.06 3.51 4.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.54 30.19 23.23 39.38 37.18
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 6.55 7.80 0.07 1.00
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 48.20 12.64 58.61 50.68 51.77
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.04 7.07 40.79 22.08 24.64
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.46 41.09 31.92 43.01 41.50
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 22.644 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.544 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.09 9.97 38.85 23.39 25.50
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.67 6.92 35.83 21.14 23.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.53 72.93 71.05 73.99 73.59
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.69 2.80 4.63 1.09 1.57
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.51 4.87 6.79 1.56 2.27
Alcohol Dependence 3.45 1.71 7.74 2.98 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.30 5.66 17.66 7.13 8.57
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.63 8.68 20.37 8.04 9.73
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.46 4.49 6.23 1.63 2.26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.96 5.15 17.56 6.77 8.24
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.26 8.15 5.55 5.90
130129

IDAHO

Table 35 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Idaho, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 97 13 30 55 84
Past Year Marijuana Use 113 17 41 55 97
Past Month Marijuana Use 70 9 24 36 60
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 43 6 12 24 36
Past Year Cocaine Use 18 2 9 8 16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 68 10 21 37 58
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 449 49 40 361 401
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 6 5 1 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 514 16 84 414 498
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 227 11 59 158 217
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
516 49 55 412 467
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 404 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 306 14 62 230 291
Past Month Cigarette Use 262 12 54 196 250
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
904 94 116 694 810
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 23 4 9 10 19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 34 7 12 14 27
Alcohol Dependence 38 3 11 24 35
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 86 8 28 51 79
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 105 11 34 60 93
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 32 6 12 15 26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 7 26 48 74
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 11 14 66 80
130129

IDAHO

Table 36 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Idaho, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.03 9.79 18.08 5.98 7.81
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.36 12.54 25.24 6.07 8.96
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.74 7.07 14.55 3.98 5.58
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.54 4.85 7.42 2.66 3.38
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.49 1.41 5.23 0.83 1.50
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.64 7.77 12.62 4.09 5.38
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.14 36.77 24.24 39.49 37.18
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.61 5.28 5.34 0.12 0.89
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42.50 12.31 51.20 45.32 46.21
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 18.76 7.97 35.96 17.27 20.09
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.66 36.84 33.62 45.12 43.38
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 20.804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.27 10.89 37.83 25.12 27.04
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.61 8.79 33.11 21.43 23.19
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.67 70.76 70.85 75.92 75.15
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.88 3.01 5.23 1.12 1.74
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.78 5.08 7.64 1.59 2.50
Alcohol Dependence 3.15 2.25 6.89 2.61 3.26
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.13 5.68 16.88 5.61 7.31
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.63 8.33 20.53 6.56 8.67
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.68 4.61 7.15 1.60 2.44
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.67 5.21 15.85 5.25 6.85
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.59 8.46 7.25 7.44
130129

ILLINOIS

Table 37 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Illinois, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 759 93 255 410 666
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,037 127 376 533 909
Past Month Marijuana Use 573 67 210 296 506
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 313 40 92 181 272
Past Year Cocaine Use 220 13 74 133 207
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 412 59 133 220 353
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,041 380 339 3,322 3,661
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 107 52 50 5 55
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 5,780 173 936 4,672 5,607
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,828 110 664 2,054 2,718
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
4,282 423 457 3,402 3,859
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,135 140 639 2,356 2,995
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,668 111 563 1,994 2,557
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
7,816 749 1,003 6,064 7,067
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 180 26 69 85 154
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 253 46 95 112 207
Alcohol Dependence 391 21 116 253 370
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 872 56 269 547 816
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,002 81 315 606 921
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 223 42 90 92 181
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 845 54 266 524 791
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 81 112 449 561
130129

ILLINOIS

Table 38 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Illinois, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.18 8.58 17.70 5.10 7.02
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.81 11.77 26.08 6.62 9.58
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.42 6.18 14.56 3.67 5.33
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.96 3.73 6.35 2.25 2.87
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.08 1.17 5.12 1.66 2.18
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.90 5.49 9.21 2.73 3.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.22 35.10 23.46 41.28 38.57
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 5.46 6.41 0.12 1.02
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.67 15.96 64.84 58.06 59.09
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.75 10.19 46.02 25.53 28.64
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.50 39.04 31.66 42.28 40.67
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.084 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.854 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.65 12.90 44.27 29.28 31.56
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.23 10.26 39.00 24.78 26.94
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.93 69.18 69.51 75.37 74.47
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.70 2.41 4.76 1.06 1.62
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.39 4.21 6.61 1.39 2.19
Alcohol Dependence 3.70 1.97 8.07 3.15 3.90
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.25 5.17 18.64 6.80 8.60
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.48 7.45 21.84 7.53 9.71
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.11 3.87 6.21 1.14 1.91
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.99 5.00 18.47 6.51 8.33
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.53 7.78 5.57 5.91
130129

INDIANA

Table 39 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Indiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 456 59 140 258 398
Past Year Marijuana Use 536 71 186 279 465
Past Month Marijuana Use 325 41 114 170 284
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 218 29 62 127 188
Past Year Cocaine Use 114 7 43 64 107
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 315 41 96 178 274
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,981 193 155 1,633 1,788
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 55 27 26 3 29
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,571 84 394 2,092 2,487
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,204 53 273 879 1,152
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,068 202 197 1,668 1,865
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2074 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,715 81 321 1,313 1,634
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,434 64 286 1,084 1,370
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,655 366 456 2,833 3,289
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 104 15 38 51 89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 161 29 57 74 131
Alcohol Dependence 174 11 50 112 162
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 362 28 111 222 334
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 446 44 137 265 402
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 140 27 53 60 113
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 325 26 104 195 299
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 47 63 322 385
130129

INDIANA

Table 40 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Indiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.75 10.94 20.66 6.44 8.50
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.28 13.20 27.41 6.98 9.95
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.23 7.58 16.87 4.25 6.08
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.18 5.50 9.10 3.17 4.03
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.18 1.30 6.38 1.59 2.28
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.04 7.64 14.16 4.46 5.86
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.00 36.10 22.85 40.82 38.22
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.75 5.80 7.41 0.12 1.04
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 49.31 15.69 58.20 52.30 53.16
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.10 9.87 40.29 21.96 24.62
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.66 37.83 29.12 41.69 39.87
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.534 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.89 15.15 47.41 32.81 34.92
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.51 12.00 42.13 27.10 29.28
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.09 68.36 67.33 70.80 70.29
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.00 2.81 5.64 1.27 1.90
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.08 5.45 8.44 1.85 2.81
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 2.11 7.40 2.80 3.47
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.94 5.24 16.43 5.56 7.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.55 8.19 20.26 6.62 8.60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.69 5.08 7.84 1.50 2.42
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.23 4.86 15.40 4.86 6.39
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.86 9.31 8.05 8.23
130129

IOWA

Table 41 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Iowa, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 101 17 34 50 84
Past Year Marijuana Use 155 24 61 70 132
Past Month Marijuana Use 82 13 29 40 69
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 45 8 16 21 37
Past Year Cocaine Use 30 3 14 13 27
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 83 14 28 41 68
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 948 98 84 765 849
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 11 11 1 12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,339 38 226 1,075 1,301
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 676 26 166 484 650
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
916 94 82 740 821
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1064 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 774 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 714 31 141 542 684
Past Month Cigarette Use 588 25 118 445 563
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,715 165 218 1,332 1,550
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 33 5 13 14 28
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 42 9 17 16 33
Alcohol Dependence 85 6 23 57 79
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 206 15 63 127 190
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 226 20 70 137 207
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 39 8 16 16 31
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 195 15 61 120 181
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 19 28 112 140
130129

IOWA

Table 42 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Iowa, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 4.08 7.15 9.99 2.63 3.74
Past Year Marijuana Use 6.25 9.63 18.00 3.72 5.88
Past Month Marijuana Use 3.28 5.13 8.62 2.09 3.08
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1.81 3.17 4.70 1.12 1.66
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.21 1.14 4.16 0.69 1.21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.33 5.81 8.19 2.14 3.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.23 40.28 24.79 40.36 38.01
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.33 4.51 5.05 0.09 0.83
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.00 15.51 66.30 56.74 58.19
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 27.23 10.55 48.78 25.52 29.04
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.94 38.65 24.00 39.04 36.76
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.044 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.81 12.66 41.49 28.62 30.57
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.73 10.38 34.76 23.47 25.18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.15 67.40 63.89 70.31 69.34
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.33 2.18 3.91 0.77 1.24
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1.70 3.69 4.92 0.87 1.48
Alcohol Dependence 3.43 2.42 6.65 2.99 3.54
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.28 6.30 18.55 6.70 8.50
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.12 8.13 20.47 7.22 9.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.56 3.12 4.63 0.82 1.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.87 5.94 17.80 6.35 8.08
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.79 8.17 5.91 6.25
130129

KANSAS

Table 43 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 153 21 51 82 133
Past Year Marijuana Use 203 27 81 95 175
Past Month Marijuana Use 115 15 43 58 101
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 80 11 24 45 69
Past Year Cocaine Use 39 3 19 18 36
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 105 17 33 55 88
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 870 89 76 705 781
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 11 11 1 12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,159 36 212 911 1,123
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 562 22 154 386 540
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
847 81 78 688 766
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 934 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 644 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 691 31 158 501 660
Past Month Cigarette Use 571 26 135 410 546
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,579 152 203 1,223 1,426
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 35 6 13 16 29
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 47 10 18 19 37
Alcohol Dependence 84 5 26 52 79
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 187 14 65 108 173
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 214 19 72 123 195
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 41 9 17 15 32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 178 13 64 101 165
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 21 27 121 148
130129

KANSAS

Table 44 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.77 8.89 15.77 4.79 6.52
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.95 11.73 25.13 5.53 8.64
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.10 6.27 13.47 3.37 4.97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.52 4.82 7.46 2.61 3.38
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.74 1.43 5.77 1.03 1.78
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.66 7.28 10.28 3.24 4.35
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.46 38.46 23.60 41.26 38.46
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.66 5.29 6.47 0.11 1.02
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.22 15.49 66.01 53.31 55.32
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.84 9.41 47.90 22.61 26.61
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.43 35.00 24.14 40.26 37.71
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.844 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.52 13.29 49.30 29.33 32.49
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.24 11.04 42.11 24.00 26.87
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.78 65.66 63.14 71.59 70.25
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.55 2.48 4.19 0.93 1.45
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.08 4.45 5.60 1.09 1.80
Alcohol Dependence 3.70 2.16 8.21 3.06 3.87
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.27 5.97 20.28 6.32 8.53
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.46 8.17 22.39 7.20 9.61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.82 3.76 5.28 0.90 1.60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.85 5.41 19.91 5.92 8.13
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.03 8.36 7.08 7.28
130129

KENTUCKY

Table 45 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kentucky, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 294 31 87 176 263
Past Year Marijuana Use 343 43 109 191 300
Past Month Marijuana Use 198 22 68 109 176
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 154 17 44 93 137
Past Year Cocaine Use 64 4 25 35 60
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 231 26 69 136 204
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,509 135 111 1,263 1,374
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 35 19 14 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,419 47 228 1,144 1,372
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 696 30 156 509 665
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,476 146 139 1,190 1,329
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1264 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 854 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,348 61 231 1,055 1,287
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,128 49 200 879 1,079
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,282 218 251 1,813 2,064
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 79 9 28 43 71
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 121 16 42 63 105
Alcohol Dependence 109 7 29 74 103
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 199 14 57 129 185
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 279 24 80 175 255
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 98 14 35 49 84
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 188 14 51 123 174
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 32 35 207 243
130129

KENTUCKY

Table 46 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kentucky, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.40 9.19 20.38 6.42 8.31
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.79 12.58 25.62 6.96 9.49
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.66 6.38 15.93 3.96 5.58
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.38 4.94 10.36 3.38 4.32
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.84 1.29 5.99 1.26 1.90
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.58 7.80 16.11 4.94 6.45
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.95 39.74 26.07 46.00 43.30
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.68 6.48 6.26 0.14 0.89
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.43 13.83 53.57 41.67 43.28
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.85 8.95 36.68 18.55 21.01
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.02 43.09 32.61 43.36 41.91
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.594 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.534 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 38.41 18.00 54.32 38.45 40.60
Past Month Cigarette Use 32.16 14.39 47.06 32.02 34.07
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
65.00 64.30 58.92 66.04 65.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.26 2.56 6.58 1.55 2.23
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.45 4.59 9.85 2.30 3.32
Alcohol Dependence 3.12 1.97 6.71 2.69 3.24
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.69 4.09 13.36 4.68 5.86
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.97 6.99 18.88 6.38 8.08
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.81 4.24 8.19 1.79 2.66
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.36 4.03 12.09 4.47 5.50
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.35 8.34 7.56 7.66
130129

LOUISIANA

Table 47 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Louisiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 252 31 88 132 220
Past Year Marijuana Use 319 40 118 162 279
Past Month Marijuana Use 177 19 70 88 158
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 138 18 40 80 120
Past Year Cocaine Use 93 4 26 63 89
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 199 25 67 107 174
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,541 143 151 1,247 1,398
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 35 17 17 2 19
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,687 57 309 1,320 1,630
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 843 32 201 610 811
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,606 163 201 1,241 1,442
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1714 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1024 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,088 43 213 831 1,044
Past Month Cigarette Use 936 35 183 718 901
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,592 249 362 1,981 2,342
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 75 8 29 38 68
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 102 14 38 50 88
Alcohol Dependence 125 6 32 86 118
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 252 15 74 163 237
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 306 23 91 192 283
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 92 13 35 44 79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 246 15 72 158 231
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 30 37 160 196
130129

LOUISIANA

Table 48 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Louisiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.12 8.48 17.13 4.99 6.96
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.03 10.73 22.86 6.10 8.83
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.02 5.23 13.65 3.31 4.99
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.92 4.93 7.73 3.03 3.80
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.63 0.95 5.13 2.38 2.83
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.64 6.79 12.98 4.05 5.51
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.63 38.61 29.35 47.10 44.21
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 4.52 5.44 0.12 0.93
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.77 15.37 60.19 49.85 51.53
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.87 8.66 39.04 23.03 25.64
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.44 44.05 39.19 46.85 45.60
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.984 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.284 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.80 11.65 41.54 31.37 33.03
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.50 9.50 35.62 27.10 28.48
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.35 67.22 70.38 74.78 74.06
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.13 2.08 5.66 1.45 2.14
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.88 3.74 7.39 1.88 2.78
Alcohol Dependence 3.53 1.74 6.29 3.25 3.74
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.14 4.08 14.38 6.17 7.50
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.65 6.08 17.73 7.24 8.95
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.59 3.42 6.73 1.67 2.49
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.96 4.09 14.09 5.97 7.29
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.03 7.16 6.02 6.21
130129

MAINE

Table 49 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maine, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 103 12 31 60 91
Past Year Marijuana Use 137 16 46 75 121
Past Month Marijuana Use 92 9 29 53 83
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 34 4 10 19 29
Past Year Cocaine Use 27 1 10 16 26
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 50 7 16 27 43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 335 30 19 286 305
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 5 1 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 591 17 80 494 574
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 244 10 54 180 234
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
428 37 31 360 391
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 454 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 304 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 337 13 58 266 324
Past Month Cigarette Use 296 11 54 231 285
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
810 71 82 657 739
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 22 3 8 11 19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 33 5 13 16 28
Alcohol Dependence 38 2 10 26 36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 78 5 23 50 72
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 97 8 28 61 89
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 31 4 12 15 26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 74 5 21 47 69
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9 12 64 76
130129

MAINE

Table 50 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maine, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.14 11.28 24.68 6.72 8.93
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.18 15.69 36.47 8.39 11.83
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.16 9.13 23.38 5.93 8.07
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.01 4.30 8.32 2.12 2.88
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.42 1.34 7.85 1.78 2.52
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.42 6.58 12.49 3.05 4.20
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 29.73 28.85 15.04 31.88 29.82
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.86 6.41 8.50 0.14 1.05
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.45 16.46 63.79 54.97 56.06
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.70 9.67 43.17 20.08 22.91
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.98 35.63 24.88 40.08 38.22
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.384 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.234 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.93 12.78 46.31 29.60 31.65
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.29 10.97 42.70 25.74 27.83
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.95 69.47 65.48 73.14 72.20
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.52 6.75 1.21 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.91 4.56 10.03 1.73 2.75
Alcohol Dependence 3.34 2.02 7.83 2.86 3.47
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.90 5.14 18.08 5.53 7.07
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.61 7.89 22.43 6.76 8.68
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.72 4.31 9.28 1.63 2.56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.58 5.06 17.14 5.27 6.73
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.49 9.27 7.11 7.38
130129

MARYLAND

Table 51 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maryland, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 339 43 116 180 297
Past Year Marijuana Use 494 61 176 258 433
Past Month Marijuana Use 251 30 99 123 222
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 152 19 43 91 133
Past Year Cocaine Use 97 5 29 63 92
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 186 24 61 101 162
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,667 154 125 1,388 1,513
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 53 26 25 3 27
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,564 69 394 2,101 2,495
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,045 43 250 752 1,002
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,972 195 215 1,562 1,777
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2074 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1324 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,166 44 220 902 1,122
Past Month Cigarette Use 981 37 190 755 945
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,421 323 413 2,685 3,098
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 92 9 32 50 83
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 131 18 48 66 113
Alcohol Dependence 170 8 47 115 162
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 359 22 104 234 338
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 430 33 121 277 397
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 118 17 44 58 102
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 343 21 103 219 322
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 34 50 208 258
130129

MARYLAND

Table 52 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maryland, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.30 9.09 19.48 5.03 7.10
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.63 12.96 29.40 7.19 10.37
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.41 6.28 16.60 3.42 5.31
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.27 4.00 7.11 2.54 3.19
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.09 1.03 4.83 1.77 2.21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.00 5.16 10.13 2.83 3.87
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.84 32.76 20.90 38.75 36.19
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.81 5.93 7.71 0.12 1.09
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.14 14.72 65.93 58.64 59.69
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.47 9.21 41.76 20.99 23.96
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.41 41.49 36.02 43.60 42.52
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.824 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.08 9.38 36.75 25.18 26.84
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.10 7.80 31.80 21.06 22.60
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.56 68.75 69.05 74.94 74.10
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.98 2.00 5.43 1.40 1.98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.82 3.86 7.96 1.83 2.71
Alcohol Dependence 3.66 1.74 7.89 3.20 3.87
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.73 4.61 17.39 6.52 8.08
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.24 6.93 20.15 7.72 9.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 3.53 7.28 1.63 2.44
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.38 4.52 17.15 6.12 7.70
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.24 8.37 5.80 6.17
130129

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 53 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 487 53 181 253 434
Past Year Marijuana Use 668 78 261 329 590
Past Month Marijuana Use 386 41 161 184 345
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 184 20 56 108 164
Past Year Cocaine Use 117 7 47 64 111
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 275 28 97 149 247
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,506 140 115 1,251 1,366
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 61 30 28 3 31
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,335 92 521 2,722 3,244
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,404 55 358 991 1,349
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,921 169 184 1,568 1,752
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1834 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,330 55 288 987 1,275
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,085 40 230 815 1,045
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
4,008 353 525 3,129 3,655
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 117 13 49 55 104
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 169 22 76 72 148
Alcohol Dependence 191 10 56 125 181
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 447 27 142 278 420
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 544 39 178 327 505
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 145 20 70 55 125
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 424 26 138 260 398
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 43 62 263 325
130129

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 54 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.92 10.42 24.64 6.01 8.76
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.24 15.42 35.66 7.79 11.91
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.07 8.14 22.01 4.36 6.97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.37 3.90 7.63 2.57 3.32
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.15 1.34 6.35 1.52 2.23
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.03 5.51 13.25 3.54 4.98
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.60 27.70 15.74 29.64 27.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.15 7.16 9.10 0.15 1.30
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.10 18.10 71.09 64.52 65.49
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.71 10.81 48.86 23.48 27.23
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.20 33.46 25.14 37.15 35.38
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 33.484 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 23.214 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.36 10.82 39.25 23.40 25.74
Past Month Cigarette Use 19.88 7.83 31.40 19.32 21.10
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.42 69.79 71.61 74.17 73.79
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.14 2.50 6.71 1.30 2.10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.10 4.29 10.33 1.70 2.98
Alcohol Dependence 3.51 2.07 7.69 2.95 3.65
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.18 5.29 19.31 6.59 8.47
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.96 7.73 24.30 7.74 10.19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.66 4.04 9.59 1.29 2.52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.76 5.10 18.86 6.15 8.03
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.42 8.43 6.24 6.57
130129

MICHIGAN

Table 55 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Michigan, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 747 90 249 409 658
Past Year Marijuana Use 964 118 349 497 846
Past Month Marijuana Use 586 64 209 314 522
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 299 42 95 161 257
Past Year Cocaine Use 179 10 68 101 169
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 453 65 142 245 387
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,861 284 213 2,365 2,578
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 89 43 41 5 46
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,562 136 720 3,706 4,426
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,042 78 481 1,483 1,964
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,268 318 330 2,620 2,950
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3814 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,533 114 497 1,923 2,420
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,129 91 431 1,608 2,039
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,953 576 714 4,662 5,376
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 166 24 61 81 142
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 245 42 90 113 203
Alcohol Dependence 284 18 75 191 266
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 644 47 191 406 597
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 790 73 234 483 717
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 210 39 84 87 171
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 611 45 183 383 566
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 72 100 394 494
130129

MICHIGAN

Table 56 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Michigan, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.94 10.35 22.91 6.38 8.78
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.53 13.61 32.12 7.76 11.29
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.02 7.36 19.20 4.90 6.98
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.57 4.82 8.79 2.52 3.43
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.14 1.13 6.25 1.58 2.25
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.41 7.53 13.04 3.83 5.17
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.22 32.65 19.58 36.92 34.41
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.92 5.68 7.99 0.13 1.18
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.56 15.68 66.27 57.86 59.08
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.42 8.95 44.28 23.15 26.22
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.09 36.64 30.35 40.91 39.38
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.30 13.10 45.72 30.02 32.30
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.47 10.43 39.66 25.10 27.22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.20 66.30 65.75 72.79 71.77
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.98 2.71 5.66 1.26 1.90
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.93 4.79 8.25 1.77 2.71
Alcohol Dependence 3.39 2.01 6.90 2.98 3.55
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.71 5.41 17.58 6.34 7.97
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.45 8.34 21.57 7.54 9.57
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.51 4.49 7.69 1.36 2.28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.31 5.23 16.82 5.98 7.55
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.24 9.20 6.15 6.60
130129

MINNESOTA

Table 57 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Minnesota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 357 40 130 187 317
Past Year Marijuana Use 489 53 191 245 436
Past Month Marijuana Use 307 28 121 158 279
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 133 18 44 71 115
Past Year Cocaine Use 101 7 37 57 94
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 212 28 73 111 184
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,316 138 102 1,076 1,178
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 19 20 2 22
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,704 74 422 2,208 2,630
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,294 45 311 938 1,249
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,575 156 161 1,258 1,419
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1854 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1364 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,291 59 284 948 1,231
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,086 48 248 791 1,039
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,091 298 379 2,414 2,793
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 79 12 32 36 68
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 120 20 46 54 100
Alcohol Dependence 169 10 43 116 159
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 430 29 135 267 402
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 468 38 148 282 430
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 101 16 40 45 85
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 405 27 129 249 378
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 41 49 225 274
130129

MINNESOTA

Table 58 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Minnesota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.26 9.24 22.48 5.67 8.15
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.32 12.34 33.19 7.40 11.21
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.11 6.60 20.95 4.78 7.17
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.08 4.29 7.60 2.15 2.95
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 1.56 6.38 1.73 2.41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.90 6.47 12.67 3.36 4.73
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 30.52 32.10 17.73 32.53 30.34
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.80 4.90 8.11 0.13 1.21
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 62.69 17.16 73.30 66.74 67.71
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 29.99 10.46 54.04 28.34 32.14
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.51 36.33 27.89 38.03 36.53
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.764 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.904 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.91 13.79 49.22 28.65 31.69
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.17 11.07 43.04 23.89 26.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.65 69.34 65.80 72.97 71.91
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.84 2.70 5.60 1.07 1.74
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.78 4.73 8.03 1.62 2.57
Alcohol Dependence 3.92 2.32 7.50 3.51 4.10
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.97 6.70 23.42 8.06 10.33
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.84 8.80 25.71 8.53 11.07
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.34 3.81 6.99 1.35 2.18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.37 6.25 22.39 7.52 9.72
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.46 8.43 6.80 7.04
130129

MISSISSIPPI

Table 59 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Mississippi, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 151 19 50 82 132
Past Year Marijuana Use 170 23 63 84 147
Past Month Marijuana Use 104 11 38 54 92
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 72 10 23 39 62
Past Year Cocaine Use 30 2 10 18 28
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 100 15 34 51 85
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,151 114 103 934 1,037
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 11 11 1 12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 896 31 161 705 866
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 470 18 107 345 452
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,134 121 139 874 1,013
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 844 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 735 29 138 568 706
Past Month Cigarette Use 595 23 117 454 571
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,673 170 221 1,282 1,503
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 40 5 16 19 35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 56 9 22 25 48
Alcohol Dependence 78 4 23 50 73
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 148 10 47 91 138
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 178 15 59 104 163
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 46 8 20 18 38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 140 10 44 86 130
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 19 22 92 113
130129

MISSISSIPPI

Table 60 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Mississippi, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.39 7.32 15.23 4.62 6.27
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.23 9.13 19.03 4.77 7.00
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.39 4.46 11.52 3.06 4.38
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.04 3.89 6.90 2.21 2.94
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.27 0.66 3.16 1.01 1.34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.25 5.73 10.36 2.90 4.07
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.98 44.47 31.27 52.91 49.53
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.29 4.20 4.69 0.10 0.79
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 38.11 11.89 48.72 39.94 41.31
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.97 6.95 32.50 19.54 21.56
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.23 47.10 42.23 49.51 48.37
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 21.464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.134 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.24 11.26 41.91 32.16 33.68
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.28 9.06 35.42 25.75 27.26
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.14 66.05 67.05 72.63 71.76
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.70 2.01 4.72 1.10 1.66
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.38 3.37 6.70 1.44 2.26
Alcohol Dependence 3.30 1.63 7.10 2.84 3.50
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.27 3.82 14.10 5.18 6.57
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.56 5.76 17.97 5.90 7.78
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.96 3.02 6.05 1.04 1.83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.93 3.81 13.30 4.88 6.19
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.39 6.56 5.19 5.40
130129

MISSOURI

Table 61 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Missouri, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 360 43 117 200 317
Past Year Marijuana Use 461 60 159 242 401
Past Month Marijuana Use 263 31 95 137 232
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 189 23 58 108 166
Past Year Cocaine Use 97 6 37 54 91
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 219 33 74 112 186
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,782 178 141 1,463 1,605
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 45 23 20 2 22
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,440 74 388 1,978 2,366
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,153 46 271 837 1,107
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,906 179 169 1,557 1,726
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2024 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,580 68 293 1,219 1,512
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,324 56 249 1,020 1,268
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,364 327 403 2,634 3,037
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 93 13 35 45 79
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 135 23 50 62 112
Alcohol Dependence 154 10 41 103 144
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 375 28 115 232 347
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 455 39 144 273 416
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 125 21 48 56 104
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 348 26 108 213 321
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 42 56 251 307
130129

MISSOURI

Table 62 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Missouri, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.40 8.80 18.68 5.35 7.25
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.49 12.34 25.53 6.47 9.18
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.40 6.30 15.29 3.65 5.30
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.89 4.76 9.33 2.88 3.79
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.00 1.33 5.96 1.44 2.08
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.51 6.73 11.82 3.01 4.26
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.75 36.35 22.64 39.14 36.80
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.32 6.44 0.13 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.31 15.07 62.18 52.91 54.23
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.77 9.43 43.40 22.38 25.36
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.30 36.74 27.09 41.65 39.59
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.114 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.58 13.97 47.03 32.60 34.65
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.29 11.40 39.84 27.27 29.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.35 66.90 64.66 70.44 69.62
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.70 5.58 1.20 1.82
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.78 4.76 7.97 1.66 2.56
Alcohol Dependence 3.18 2.11 6.53 2.76 3.30
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.71 5.73 18.45 6.19 7.93
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.38 8.00 23.04 7.29 9.53
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.57 4.36 7.66 1.50 2.37
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.16 5.39 17.33 5.70 7.35
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.64 9.06 6.71 7.04
130129

MONTANA

Table 63 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Montana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 80 9 26 45 72
Past Year Marijuana Use 100 13 37 50 87
Past Month Marijuana Use 67 7 24 36 60
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 31 4 10 18 28
Past Year Cocaine Use 18 1 8 9 17
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 45 6 16 23 39
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 256 25 19 213 232
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 8 4 4 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 467 15 71 381 452
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 216 9 53 153 207
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
319 27 30 262 292
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 244 12 51 181 232
Past Month Cigarette Use 187 8 40 138 179
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
586 53 72 461 533
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 16 2 6 8 14
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 23 4 9 10 20
Alcohol Dependence 34 2 12 20 32
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 74 5 25 44 68
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 81 7 27 47 74
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 22 3 9 10 19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 67 5 23 39 62
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7 10 39 49
130129

MONTANA

Table 64 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Montana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.99 11.21 24.99 7.30 9.86
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.38 16.39 35.23 8.01 11.95
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.33 8.65 22.99 5.81 8.29
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.90 4.91 9.27 2.87 3.79
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.26 1.29 7.72 1.46 2.36
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.54 7.68 14.87 3.69 5.31
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.87 31.43 17.58 34.34 31.92
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.95 6.80 8.56 0.11 1.10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 58.00 18.80 67.70 61.28 62.21
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.81 11.48 50.61 24.70 28.45
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.64 34.61 28.64 42.13 40.18
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.584 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.794 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.37 15.60 48.77 29.11 31.96
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.26 10.84 38.25 22.29 24.60
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.77 67.83 68.23 74.15 73.30
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.41 5.67 1.23 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.89 4.61 8.90 1.66 2.71
Alcohol Dependence 4.18 2.10 11.31 3.23 4.40
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.16 7.03 23.44 7.01 9.38
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.06 8.97 25.37 7.61 10.18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.74 4.14 8.31 1.62 2.59
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.31 6.25 21.77 6.29 8.53
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.61 9.25 6.34 6.76
130129

NEBRASKA

Table 65 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nebraska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 94 13 34 46 81
Past Year Marijuana Use 128 17 50 61 111
Past Month Marijuana Use 72 9 28 34 63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 42 6 14 21 36
Past Year Cocaine Use 21 2 10 10 19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 48 8 18 22 40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 588 59 49 480 529
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 7 7 1 7
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 807 24 139 643 783
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 367 14 93 260 353
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
525 52 55 418 473
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 654 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 434 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 421 20 91 310 401
Past Month Cigarette Use 356 15 78 263 341
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,028 99 136 792 929
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 23 4 9 10 19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 31 6 12 12 24
Alcohol Dependence 50 3 16 30 47
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 124 9 40 74 115
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 140 12 46 82 128
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 30 6 12 12 24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 119 9 38 72 110
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 11 15 58 73
130129

NEBRASKA

Table 66 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nebraska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.44 8.93 16.36 4.25 6.16
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.80 11.60 23.86 5.59 8.49
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.95 6.32 13.51 3.16 4.80
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.87 4.18 6.76 1.96 2.73
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.46 1.21 4.56 0.91 1.49
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.31 5.29 8.57 2.05 3.09
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.60 39.83 23.28 43.96 40.68
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.46 5.01 5.07 0.10 0.86
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.71 16.36 66.76 58.87 60.12
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.30 9.62 44.51 23.77 27.06
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.27 35.48 26.23 38.28 36.36
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.214 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.744 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.03 13.38 43.81 28.33 30.78
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.59 10.45 37.43 24.06 26.18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.96 67.27 65.40 72.50 71.38
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.60 2.52 4.41 0.94 1.49
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.12 4.40 5.86 1.11 1.86
Alcohol Dependence 3.43 2.28 7.78 2.77 3.56
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.56 6.32 19.40 6.82 8.81
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.62 8.25 21.85 7.50 9.77
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.03 3.99 5.56 1.10 1.81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.19 6.05 18.32 6.57 8.43
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.62 7.32 5.31 5.63
130129

NEVADA

Table 67 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nevada, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 197 24 51 122 173
Past Year Marijuana Use 226 32 67 128 194
Past Month Marijuana Use 131 16 39 75 115
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 94 12 23 59 81
Past Year Cocaine Use 53 5 17 31 48
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 133 19 37 77 114
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 762 67 58 638 695
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 19 10 7 2 9
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,090 31 142 917 1,059
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 509 20 95 394 490
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
966 88 92 786 878
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 724 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 623 25 97 501 598
Past Month Cigarette Use 558 21 85 452 537
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,540 151 168 1,221 1,389
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 40 6 14 21 35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 68 12 21 35 56
Alcohol Dependence 72 5 16 51 67
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 166 13 42 111 153
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 199 19 52 129 180
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 65 11 20 33 54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 161 12 42 106 149
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 17 23 109 132
130129

NEVADA

Table 68 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nevada, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.39 11.30 21.19 7.40 9.18
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.78 15.05 27.61 7.75 10.30
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.23 7.58 16.32 4.56 6.08
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.45 5.69 9.34 3.57 4.31
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.51 2.12 6.95 1.90 2.55
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.34 8.83 15.38 4.68 6.05
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.25 31.26 23.84 38.72 36.81
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.64 5.73 6.23 0.15 0.89
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.84 14.39 58.62 55.71 56.09
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.24 9.19 39.46 23.95 25.94
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.95 41.01 38.06 47.76 46.51
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.814 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.654 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.65 11.70 40.22 30.42 31.68
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.55 9.95 35.04 27.44 28.43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.26 70.58 69.33 74.18 73.56
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.78 5.75 1.25 1.83
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.22 5.45 8.66 2.13 2.97
Alcohol Dependence 3.44 2.34 6.54 3.12 3.56
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.92 6.09 17.54 6.73 8.12
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.49 8.92 21.32 7.82 9.55
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.09 5.25 8.35 2.03 2.84
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.65 5.72 17.40 6.46 7.87
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.16 9.60 6.64 7.02
130129

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 69 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 119 13 39 68 107
Past Year Marijuana Use 161 19 55 87 142
Past Month Marijuana Use 101 10 35 55 90
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 40 5 12 22 35
Past Year Cocaine Use 24 2 10 13 23
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 59 8 20 32 52
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 286 26 16 245 260
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 13 6 6 1 6
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 703 20 99 584 683
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 290 14 71 205 276
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
364 34 27 303 330
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 584 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 424 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 298 14 57 228 284
Past Month Cigarette Use 249 10 48 190 238
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
831 73 91 668 758
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 24 3 8 12 21
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 33 6 12 16 28
Alcohol Dependence 39 3 10 26 36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 86 6 27 53 80
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 108 9 33 66 98
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 31 5 11 15 26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 84 6 26 51 78
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 10 12 66 78
130129

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 70 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.73 11.66 29.22 7.79 10.62
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.47 17.08 41.56 10.02 14.19
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.03 9.43 26.53 6.32 8.99
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.56 4.44 9.32 2.57 3.46
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.19 1.48 7.22 1.51 2.27
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.34 7.07 15.13 3.64 5.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 25.71 23.90 11.83 28.05 25.91
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.43 6.94 10.88 0.17 1.47
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 63.07 18.46 74.75 66.90 67.94
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.99 12.49 53.23 23.54 27.46
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
32.69 31.53 20.09 34.76 32.82
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 34.344 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 25.054 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.75 12.38 42.81 26.11 28.32
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.33 9.47 36.53 21.78 23.74
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.59 66.38 68.37 76.56 75.48
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.13 2.86 6.20 1.42 2.05
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.99 5.06 8.87 1.84 2.77
Alcohol Dependence 3.46 2.29 7.90 2.93 3.59
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.75 5.63 20.42 6.09 7.99
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.67 8.63 24.57 7.53 9.79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.82 4.92 8.35 1.71 2.59
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.50 5.47 19.81 5.88 7.72
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.90 8.68 7.61 7.75
130129

NEW JERSEY

Table 71 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Jersey, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 464 59 162 243 405
Past Year Marijuana Use 604 75 230 299 529
Past Month Marijuana Use 350 41 137 172 309
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 197 26 60 111 171
Past Year Cocaine Use 124 9 44 72 115
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 256 33 85 138 222
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,840 250 189 2,400 2,590
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 61 30 27 4 31
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,907 108 545 3,254 3,799
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,648 71 354 1,224 1,577
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,130 278 285 2,567 2,852
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1864 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,844 69 318 1,457 1,775
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,610 52 288 1,270 1,558
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,570 526 625 4,418 5,044
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 118 16 43 59 102
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 171 30 63 78 141
Alcohol Dependence 221 14 48 159 207
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 489 32 144 313 457
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 580 48 174 358 532
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 148 28 58 63 121
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 466 30 140 295 436
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 56 62 320 382
130129

NEW JERSEY

Table 72 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Jersey, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.42 8.21 18.84 4.30 6.23
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.36 10.42 26.82 5.29 8.14
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.85 5.69 15.99 3.04 4.76
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.73 3.65 7.00 1.96 2.63
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.72 1.19 5.09 1.27 1.77
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.54 4.67 9.86 2.44 3.42
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.29 34.94 22.07 42.46 39.77
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.25 4.20 5.81 0.10 0.77
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.07 15.17 63.48 57.56 58.35
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.81 9.88 41.20 21.64 24.23
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.31 38.84 33.25 45.40 43.80
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.264 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.724 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.52 9.60 37.07 25.78 27.27
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.29 7.34 33.49 22.47 23.93
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.07 73.53 72.85 78.16 77.46
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.63 2.29 4.96 1.05 1.56
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.37 4.25 7.36 1.37 2.16
Alcohol Dependence 3.06 1.97 5.59 2.81 3.18
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.77 4.44 16.77 5.54 7.03
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.03 6.68 20.32 6.33 8.18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.05 3.88 6.73 1.11 1.85
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.45 4.25 16.35 5.23 6.70
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.85 7.24 5.66 5.87
130129

NEW MEXICO

Table 73 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Mexico, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 140 20 45 75 121
Past Year Marijuana Use 166 26 64 76 140
Past Month Marijuana Use 99 14 37 48 85
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 57 9 17 31 48
Past Year Cocaine Use 33 3 14 15 30
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 88 14 25 49 74
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 644 54 57 533 590
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 17 9 7 1 8
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 738 26 132 581 713
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 353 16 88 249 337
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
767 66 87 614 701
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 432 22 99 311 410
Past Month Cigarette Use 365 18 86 261 348
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,225 116 165 944 1,109
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 36 6 14 17 31
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 54 10 21 24 44
Alcohol Dependence 60 4 20 36 56
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 127 10 43 75 117
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 159 16 51 93 144
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 55 10 20 25 45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 123 9 42 72 114
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 15 20 86 106
130129

NEW MEXICO

Table 74 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Mexico, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.68 11.78 20.08 6.17 8.33
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.29 15.78 28.28 6.22 9.65
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.14 8.27 16.41 3.96 5.89
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.54 5.38 7.45 2.57 3.33
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.02 1.65 6.39 1.27 2.07
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.48 8.51 10.96 4.06 5.13
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.00 32.22 25.27 43.77 40.89
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.97 7.12 8.57 0.11 1.10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 45.82 15.29 58.25 47.70 49.34
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.88 9.42 39.05 20.41 23.31
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.63 39.63 38.31 50.43 48.55
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.614 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.82 13.11 43.85 25.56 28.40
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.67 10.51 38.26 21.46 24.07
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
76.05 69.24 73.22 77.50 76.84
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.26 3.35 6.20 1.38 2.13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.34 5.86 9.08 1.95 3.05
Alcohol Dependence 3.72 2.33 8.89 2.96 3.88
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.89 5.88 18.96 6.12 8.12
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.88 9.28 22.64 7.62 9.95
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.38 5.87 8.81 2.04 3.10
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.62 5.60 18.56 5.88 7.85
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.86 8.85 7.09 7.36
130129

NEW YORK

Table 75 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New York, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,465 156 524 784 1,309
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,880 222 717 940 1,657
Past Month Marijuana Use 1,130 122 473 535 1,008
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 575 61 174 341 515
Past Year Cocaine Use 424 20 143 261 404
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 654 77 233 344 577
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,861 472 486 4,903 5,389
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 162 78 76 9 84
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 9,000 271 1,453 7,276 8,729
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,784 153 956 2,676 3,632
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,876 635 718 5,523 6,241
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 7794 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 4964 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,974 163 852 2,959 3,812
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,465 129 740 2,595 3,335
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
12,955 1,143 1,682 10,130 11,812
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 361 35 148 178 326
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 506 65 202 239 441
Alcohol Dependence 592 31 173 388 561
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,154 74 377 702 1,080
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,437 113 476 848 1,324
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 451 62 185 204 389
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,084 72 363 648 1,012
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 125 182 777 959
130129

NEW YORK

Table 76 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New York, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.00 9.99 23.63 6.28 8.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.55 14.25 32.34 7.52 11.26
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.94 7.83 21.31 4.28 6.85
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.53 3.88 7.84 2.73 3.50
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.60 1.25 6.46 2.09 2.75
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.02 4.96 10.51 2.75 3.92
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.00 30.25 21.89 39.23 36.61
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.70 5.72 6.73 0.13 1.03
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.29 17.41 65.52 58.20 59.30
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.25 9.79 43.09 21.41 24.68
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.24 40.74 32.36 44.18 42.40
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.114 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.41 10.44 38.42 23.67 25.90
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.28 8.30 33.36 20.76 22.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
79.58 73.30 75.80 81.04 80.25
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.22 2.26 6.66 1.43 2.22
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.11 4.16 9.11 1.91 3.00
Alcohol Dependence 3.63 1.96 7.82 3.10 3.81
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.09 4.76 17.01 5.62 7.34
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.83 7.24 21.46 6.78 9.00
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.77 3.98 8.36 1.63 2.65
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.66 4.64 16.38 5.19 6.87
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.99 8.21 6.22 6.52
130129

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 77 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 576 72 180 324 503
Past Year Marijuana Use 756 97 252 407 659
Past Month Marijuana Use 448 50 153 244 397
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 260 33 76 151 227
Past Year Cocaine Use 192 8 57 128 184
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 344 51 108 184 293
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,863 250 233 2,380 2,613
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 79 41 32 5 37
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,380 103 533 2,744 3,277
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,594 60 348 1,186 1,534
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,301 300 334 2,667 3,001
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1714 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,349 99 408 1,841 2,249
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,979 80 361 1,538 1,899
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,553 518 651 4,384 5,035
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 130 17 48 64 113
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 181 29 67 85 152
Alcohol Dependence 256 13 65 178 243
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 510 31 151 328 479
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 602 48 180 373 553
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 165 27 62 76 139
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 485 30 143 311 455
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 65 78 395 474
130129

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 78 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.74 9.89 19.42 5.60 7.51
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.17 13.33 27.15 7.04 9.82
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.02 6.91 16.56 4.21 5.92
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.50 4.48 8.20 2.62 3.39
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.59 1.06 6.12 2.21 2.75
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.62 7.01 11.70 3.18 4.36
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.48 34.30 25.09 41.16 38.94
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 6.46 6.43 0.14 0.93
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 45.43 14.15 57.52 47.45 48.84
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.42 8.21 37.54 20.51 22.87
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.38 41.15 36.07 46.12 44.73
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.124 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.984 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.57 13.59 44.05 31.84 33.53
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.61 10.99 38.97 26.59 28.31
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.64 70.99 70.25 75.81 75.04
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.75 2.34 5.21 1.11 1.68
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.44 4.03 7.20 1.47 2.27
Alcohol Dependence 3.44 1.72 7.01 3.08 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.86 4.25 16.31 5.67 7.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.09 6.62 19.42 6.46 8.25
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.22 3.65 6.73 1.32 2.07
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.52 4.11 15.45 5.39 6.78
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.96 8.46 6.84 7.06
130129

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 79 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 32 4 12 15 28
Past Year Marijuana Use 46 5 22 19 40
Past Month Marijuana Use 27 3 10 14 24
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 12 2 5 5 10
Past Year Cocaine Use 8 1 4 3 7
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 21 3 8 10 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 199 19 20 160 180
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 2 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 316 10 67 238 305
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 173 6 53 114 167
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
193 17 22 153 175
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 324 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 161 7 44 109 153
Past Month Cigarette Use 133 6 36 91 127
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
370 35 60 275 335
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 8 1 4 3 7
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 11 2 5 4 9
Alcohol Dependence 19 1 7 11 18
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 50 3 20 26 46
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 55 5 21 29 51
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 10 2 4 3 8
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 47 3 19 25 43
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 4 7 24 32
130129

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 80 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5.93 7.95 13.64 3.93 5.72
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.59 10.51 24.30 4.78 8.39
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.01 5.34 11.55 3.49 4.98
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.29 3.70 5.41 1.40 2.14
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.44 1.07 4.21 0.86 1.48
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.96 6.52 9.17 2.45 3.70
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.56 37.82 22.76 40.90 37.54
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.71 5.11 6.70 0.09 1.17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 59.47 20.43 75.46 60.83 63.53
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 32.67 12.27 59.55 29.17 34.79
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.36 35.00 24.91 39.15 36.51
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 38.104 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 27.944 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.28 14.71 49.53 27.90 31.90
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.07 11.56 40.35 23.33 26.47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.69 69.59 66.84 70.36 69.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.44 2.28 3.98 0.76 1.36
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.06 4.09 5.64 0.99 1.85
Alcohol Dependence 3.64 2.48 8.18 2.77 3.77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.34 6.86 22.24 6.74 9.60
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.36 9.08 24.08 7.42 10.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.80 3.36 5.02 0.87 1.64
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.76 6.23 20.79 6.35 9.02
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.72 8.14 6.22 6.58
130129

OHIO

Table 81 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Ohio, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 722 92 237 393 630
Past Year Marijuana Use 975 132 348 494 842
Past Month Marijuana Use 557 71 204 282 486
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 313 42 95 176 271
Past Year Cocaine Use 180 12 71 97 168
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 525 70 183 272 455
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,491 328 265 2,898 3,163
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 99 51 42 6 48
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,882 155 780 3,947 4,727
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,432 103 566 1,763 2,329
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,701 354 335 3,012 3,347
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4274 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3064 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,224 142 618 2,465 3,083
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,677 109 523 2,045 2,569
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
6,643 659 787 5,197 5,984
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 194 24 76 95 170
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 287 48 105 133 238
Alcohol Dependence 338 20 94 225 319
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 756 53 219 483 703
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 916 80 269 567 836
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 259 46 101 112 213
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 712 52 204 456 661
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 80 100 465 566
130129

OHIO

Table 82 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Ohio, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.59 9.64 19.56 5.35 7.36
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.24 13.83 28.78 6.72 9.84
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.86 7.45 16.85 3.84 5.68
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.29 4.36 7.85 2.40 3.17
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.89 1.23 5.86 1.32 1.96
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.52 7.33 15.13 3.70 5.32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.68 34.26 21.89 39.43 36.95
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.79 5.97 7.03 0.13 1.03
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.30 16.25 64.47 53.69 55.22
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.55 10.71 46.78 23.99 27.22
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.89 37.02 27.70 40.97 39.09
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.054 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.844 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.88 14.82 51.03 33.53 36.01
Past Month Cigarette Use 28.13 11.37 43.25 27.82 30.01
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.80 68.82 65.02 70.71 69.90
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.04 2.48 6.24 1.29 1.99
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.01 5.07 8.67 1.81 2.78
Alcohol Dependence 3.56 2.07 7.76 3.06 3.72
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.94 5.57 18.12 6.58 8.21
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.63 8.41 22.23 7.71 9.77
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.73 4.85 8.34 1.52 2.49
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.49 5.39 16.90 6.21 7.72
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.34 8.29 6.33 6.61
130129

OKLAHOMA

Table 83 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 237 28 73 136 208
Past Year Marijuana Use 247 34 84 129 213
Past Month Marijuana Use 141 18 47 76 123
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 142 17 44 82 125
Past Year Cocaine Use 45 4 19 22 41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 201 25 68 107 176
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,249 119 110 1,020 1,130
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 28 14 13 1 14
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,229 39 232 957 1,190
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 634 25 160 450 610
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,292 117 138 1,037 1,175
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1074 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 734 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 971 43 190 737 928
Past Month Cigarette Use 804 36 165 603 768
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,063 192 275 1,597 1,872
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 54 7 21 26 47
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 79 13 28 38 66
Alcohol Dependence 101 6 31 64 94
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 205 14 69 122 191
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 248 21 84 144 228
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 72 12 26 34 60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 194 13 67 114 181
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 25 39 171 209
130129

OKLAHOMA

Table 84 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.06 9.57 17.76 6.09 7.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.43 11.50 20.53 5.80 8.08
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.81 5.98 11.57 3.41 4.68
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.85 5.67 10.67 3.67 4.76
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.54 1.39 4.77 0.97 1.56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.85 8.61 16.71 4.81 6.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.56 40.25 26.85 45.75 42.82
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.42 4.86 5.46 0.10 0.85
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 41.87 13.19 56.88 42.94 45.10
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.62 8.33 39.16 20.17 23.11
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.04 39.54 33.84 46.51 44.54
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.554 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.724 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.07 14.49 46.54 33.07 35.16
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.40 12.19 40.29 27.06 29.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.32 64.75 67.19 71.63 70.94
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.85 2.46 5.04 1.18 1.78
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.68 4.29 6.88 1.69 2.50
Alcohol Dependence 3.43 2.05 7.54 2.86 3.58
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.99 4.75 16.84 5.48 7.24
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.46 6.94 20.44 6.46 8.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.44 3.93 6.38 1.52 2.27
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.63 4.54 16.33 5.13 6.86
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.38 9.45 7.65 7.93
130129

OREGON

Table 85 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oregon, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 385 36 100 250 349
Past Year Marijuana Use 443 49 142 253 394
Past Month Marijuana Use 269 24 84 161 245
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 174 18 44 112 156
Past Year Cocaine Use 102 5 34 63 97
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 209 24 69 116 184
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 897 82 66 748 814
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 17 16 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,862 50 250 1,563 1,813
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 741 27 170 543 714
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,211 100 109 1,002 1,111
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1014 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 942 43 162 737 899
Past Month Cigarette Use 772 28 133 611 744
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,294 201 264 1,830 2,093
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 78 9 26 43 69
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 108 15 37 57 94
Alcohol Dependence 113 6 29 78 107
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 247 17 69 161 229
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 311 27 84 201 284
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 94 14 34 46 80
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 230 16 62 152 213
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 28 37 164 201
130129

OREGON

Table 86 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oregon, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 12.21 12.20 26.01 10.08 12.21
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.04 16.55 36.95 10.21 13.78
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.52 8.16 21.89 6.49 8.55
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.51 6.15 11.38 4.53 5.44
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.21 1.61 8.81 2.54 3.38
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.60 8.27 17.87 4.67 6.43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.41 27.77 17.23 30.21 28.48
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.23 7.09 9.47 0.17 1.33
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 59.02 16.79 65.22 63.08 63.37
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.46 9.15 44.44 21.93 24.94
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.38 33.66 28.44 40.47 38.86
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.264 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.83 14.50 42.21 29.74 31.41
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.46 9.53 34.57 24.67 26.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.70 67.97 68.83 73.85 73.18
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.46 2.88 6.78 1.75 2.42
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.43 4.97 9.67 2.28 3.27
Alcohol Dependence 3.59 2.04 7.48 3.17 3.74
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.81 5.85 17.93 6.48 8.02
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.84 9.01 21.80 8.09 9.93
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.98 4.73 8.91 1.86 2.80
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.27 5.47 16.09 6.13 7.46
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.35 9.55 6.62 7.01
130129

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 87 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 722 91 245 385 630
Past Year Marijuana Use 951 123 357 472 828
Past Month Marijuana Use 540 69 203 267 471
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 330 43 99 187 286
Past Year Cocaine Use 229 14 81 134 215
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 454 62 150 242 393
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,822 332 278 3,212 3,490
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 99 48 45 5 50
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 5,617 167 858 4,592 5,450
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,673 100 611 1,962 2,572
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,881 357 382 3,142 3,524
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3064 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,224 144 596 2,484 3,079
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,693 118 507 2,069 2,576
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
7,500 684 905 5,911 6,816
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 177 23 72 82 154
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 253 39 103 111 214
Alcohol Dependence 342 18 99 225 325
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 727 48 235 444 679
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 868 70 284 513 797
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 216 35 91 90 181
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 687 46 222 419 641
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 80 106 481 586
130129

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 88 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.92 9.14 18.49 4.74 6.68
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.12 12.31 26.89 5.81 8.78
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.17 6.94 15.32 3.29 4.99
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.16 4.31 7.49 2.31 3.03
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.19 1.39 6.13 1.65 2.28
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.35 6.16 11.35 2.98 4.16
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.60 33.20 21.00 39.57 36.96
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.55 5.35 6.73 0.11 0.92
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.79 16.72 64.69 56.58 57.72
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.60 10.05 46.05 24.17 27.25
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.17 35.77 28.82 38.71 37.32
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.144 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.974 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.88 14.45 44.93 30.60 32.62
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.80 11.78 38.22 25.49 27.28
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.83 68.52 68.27 72.82 72.18
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.69 2.30 5.43 1.01 1.63
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.43 3.91 7.77 1.37 2.27
Alcohol Dependence 3.28 1.78 7.48 2.78 3.44
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.97 4.82 17.74 5.47 7.20
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.31 7.06 21.42 6.32 8.45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.07 3.47 6.90 1.10 1.92
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.58 4.60 16.74 5.16 6.79
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.99 7.96 5.92 6.21
130129

RHODE ISLAND

Table 89 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 119 10 42 67 108
Past Year Marijuana Use 140 15 56 70 126
Past Month Marijuana Use 97 8 38 51 89
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 53 4 16 32 48
Past Year Cocaine Use 37 1 13 23 35
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 56 5 21 30 51
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 288 25 20 243 264
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 5 5 1 6
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 548 17 94 437 531
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 246 10 66 171 237
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
343 33 37 273 310
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 514 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 344 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 256 10 59 187 246
Past Month Cigarette Use 220 8 50 162 212
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
675 61 93 521 614
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 27 2 11 14 25
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 39 4 16 19 35
Alcohol Dependence 34 2 9 23 32
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 69 4 23 42 65
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 92 7 30 55 85
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 35 4 15 16 31
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 67 4 23 40 63
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7 11 49 61
130129

RHODE ISLAND

Table 90 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 13.35 12.43 33.24 9.78 13.45
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.77 17.67 44.11 10.28 15.58
Past Month Marijuana Use 10.88 9.39 30.38 7.44 11.03
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.92 5.31 12.49 4.77 5.98
Past Year Cocaine Use 4.12 1.63 10.05 3.32 4.38
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.29 6.28 16.58 4.39 6.30
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.38 29.57 15.91 35.79 32.68
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.44 7.46 10.66 0.16 1.53
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.62 20.74 74.80 64.19 65.85
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 27.69 11.77 51.96 25.14 29.34
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.58 39.80 29.42 40.13 38.45
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 37.744 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 25.254 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.80 12.57 46.43 27.52 30.48
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.71 9.79 39.66 23.77 26.25
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.89 73.22 73.86 76.60 76.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 3.03 2.79 8.35 2.07 3.05
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4.40 4.93 12.54 2.83 4.35
Alcohol Dependence 3.78 2.02 7.00 3.40 3.96
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.78 5.33 17.93 6.20 8.04
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.36 8.40 24.12 8.05 10.57
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.94 4.91 12.00 2.33 3.84
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.57 5.27 17.88 5.93 7.80
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.48 9.04 7.27 7.55
130129

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 91 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 244 31 75 138 212
Past Year Marijuana Use 313 41 109 163 272
Past Month Marijuana Use 181 20 62 99 162
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 112 15 32 64 96
Past Year Cocaine Use 85 4 26 54 81
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 157 24 52 81 133
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,481 129 121 1,231 1,352
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 31 16 14 2 15
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,698 48 246 1,403 1,650
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 782 25 160 597 756
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,608 150 165 1,292 1,457
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 754 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,154 44 205 905 1,110
Past Month Cigarette Use 991 36 181 774 955
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,622 240 312 2,070 2,382
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 67 8 23 35 59
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 113 16 37 60 97
Alcohol Dependence 131 7 30 94 124
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 268 16 73 180 253
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 327 25 91 212 303
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 99 16 34 49 83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 256 15 69 171 240
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 31 35 169 204
130129

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 92 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.70 8.67 16.24 4.89 6.48
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.60 11.34 23.62 5.80 8.30
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.99 5.45 13.57 3.53 4.94
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.08 4.30 7.04 2.27 2.94
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 1.05 5.74 1.93 2.47
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.32 6.55 11.29 2.89 4.07
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.71 35.89 26.24 43.69 41.24
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.37 4.80 5.52 0.11 0.80
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 46.69 13.46 53.54 49.81 50.34
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.49 7.05 34.66 21.18 23.08
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.20 41.80 35.92 45.86 44.46
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.064 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 13.834 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.73 12.19 44.59 32.13 33.88
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.25 10.10 39.26 27.47 29.13
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.08 66.63 67.76 73.49 72.68
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.83 2.18 5.07 1.26 1.79
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.12 4.56 7.93 2.14 2.96
Alcohol Dependence 3.61 1.99 6.50 3.34 3.79
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.38 4.41 15.84 6.37 7.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.00 6.82 19.79 7.52 9.24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.73 4.38 7.42 1.75 2.55
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.03 4.24 15.06 6.07 7.34
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.73 7.65 6.00 6.23
130129

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 93 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 41 6 15 21 35
Past Year Marijuana Use 54 7 23 24 47
Past Month Marijuana Use 34 4 13 17 30
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 15 2 6 7 13
Past Year Cocaine Use 9 1 4 4 8
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 22 4 8 11 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 247 24 21 202 223
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 372 11 65 296 361
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 186 7 48 130 179
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
228 22 21 185 206
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 324 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 234 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 198 10 45 143 188
Past Month Cigarette Use 160 8 37 116 152
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
455 45 61 350 410
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 10 1 4 4 8
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 15 3 6 6 12
Alcohol Dependence 23 1 8 14 22
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 59 4 20 34 55
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 65 6 23 37 60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 13 2 5 5 10
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 55 4 19 31 51
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 6 7 29 36
130129

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 94 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.25 8.50 16.13 4.15 6.00
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.28 11.31 24.98 4.83 7.94
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.26 6.12 14.49 3.46 5.16
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.32 3.68 6.20 1.43 2.17
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.31 1.08 4.56 0.75 1.34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.38 5.61 8.51 2.14 3.12
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.94 36.54 23.48 40.77 38.10
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.56 4.93 6.48 0.10 0.99
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 57.16 17.38 71.33 59.86 61.63
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.49 10.52 53.15 26.38 30.51
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.06 33.34 23.11 37.48 35.26
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.234 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.764 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.33 14.72 49.99 28.82 32.09
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.56 11.67 40.50 23.36 26.01
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.91 68.09 66.76 70.73 70.12
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.50 2.23 4.63 0.83 1.41
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.28 4.46 6.78 1.17 2.04
Alcohol Dependence 3.59 2.01 9.05 2.81 3.77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.05 6.42 22.51 6.94 9.35
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.04 8.59 24.83 7.53 10.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.95 3.59 5.96 1.00 1.77
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.40 5.81 21.40 6.37 8.69
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.37 7.65 5.79 6.07
130129

TENNESSEE

Table 95 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Tennessee, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 423 44 126 254 379
Past Year Marijuana Use 516 59 161 296 458
Past Month Marijuana Use 298 30 104 164 268
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 219 24 56 140 196
Past Year Cocaine Use 123 6 42 76 118
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 334 38 95 201 295
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,179 196 158 1,825 1,983
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 43 22 18 3 21
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,067 62 332 1,673 2,005
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 961 40 212 709 921
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,321 206 221 1,893 2,115
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1524 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1044 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,721 69 282 1,370 1,652
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,445 56 239 1,150 1,389
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,623 322 413 2,888 3,301
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 100 11 36 52 89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 146 21 51 75 125
Alcohol Dependence 168 9 43 115 158
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 342 22 98 223 320
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 427 34 125 268 393
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 125 19 46 60 106
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 330 22 94 214 308
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 44 45 307 352
130129

TENNESSEE

Table 96 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Tennessee, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.27 8.83 20.36 6.35 8.21
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.09 11.80 26.17 7.42 9.90
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.83 6.12 16.84 4.11 5.80
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.29 4.79 9.09 3.49 4.23
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.41 1.16 6.79 1.90 2.55
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.52 7.72 15.38 5.02 6.39
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.68 39.47 25.69 45.66 43.02
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.34 4.80 5.64 0.13 0.79
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.46 12.44 53.83 41.87 43.46
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 18.79 7.99 34.31 17.75 19.95
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.44 41.48 35.91 47.38 45.86
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 21.374 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.684 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.69 13.81 45.67 34.30 35.81
Past Month Cigarette Use 28.29 11.22 38.75 28.78 30.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.92 64.83 67.06 72.26 71.57
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.31 5.90 1.31 1.92
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.85 4.13 8.25 1.86 2.71
Alcohol Dependence 3.28 1.89 6.97 2.88 3.43
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.69 4.42 15.84 5.57 6.93
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.35 6.76 20.28 6.72 8.52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.44 3.86 7.48 1.50 2.29
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.45 4.44 15.29 5.35 6.67
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.76 7.30 7.68 7.63
130129

TEXAS

Table 97 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Texas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,194 182 403 609 1,012
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,475 232 545 698 1,243
Past Month Marijuana Use 844 121 316 407 723
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 625 98 186 341 527
Past Year Cocaine Use 383 35 138 210 348
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 844 137 274 433 707
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 8,547 782 825 6,939 7,764
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 178 91 78 10 88
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 8,969 298 1,554 7,117 8,671
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 4,422 189 1,054 3,180 4,234
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
8,441 858 1,000 6,583 7,583
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 8124 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 5404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 5,290 222 1,049 4,020 5,068
Past Month Cigarette Use 4,463 185 913 3,365 4,278
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
13,990 1,406 1,923 10,661 12,584
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 350 50 137 164 301
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 516 101 185 230 415
Alcohol Dependence 595 43 168 383 552
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,314 103 402 810 1,212
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,620 162 495 964 1,458
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 487 97 179 211 390
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,287 101 396 790 1,186
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 161 196 830 1,026
130129

TEXAS

Table 98 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Texas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.26 8.65 14.90 4.27 5.96
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.74 11.00 20.16 4.90 7.33
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.43 5.74 11.70 2.86 4.26
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.28 4.65 6.90 2.39 3.11
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.01 1.64 5.11 1.48 2.05
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.43 6.50 10.16 3.03 4.17
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.82 37.12 30.55 48.67 45.78
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.45 4.88 4.96 0.11 0.84
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.04 14.14 57.50 49.92 51.13
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.19 8.95 39.00 22.30 24.96
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.27 40.69 37.01 46.17 44.71
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.554 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.004 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.74 10.52 38.81 28.20 29.88
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.40 8.78 33.77 23.60 25.22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.37 66.69 71.17 74.78 74.20
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.84 2.36 5.06 1.15 1.77
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.71 4.79 6.86 1.61 2.45
Alcohol Dependence 3.12 2.06 6.23 2.69 3.25
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.89 4.87 14.86 5.68 7.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.50 7.69 18.30 6.76 8.60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.56 4.62 6.62 1.48 2.30
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.75 4.77 14.66 5.54 7.00
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.62 7.25 5.82 6.05
130129

UTAH

Table 99 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Utah, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 130 21 48 61 110
Past Year Marijuana Use 145 24 63 58 121
Past Month Marijuana Use 89 13 37 40 77
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 65 11 26 28 54
Past Year Cocaine Use 38 3 20 15 34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 103 17 38 48 86
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 852 110 118 623 742
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 19 10 9 1 10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 582 19 114 449 563
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 316 15 89 212 301
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,070 124 168 778 946
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 474 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 371 19 90 263 353
Past Month Cigarette Use 321 15 81 225 307
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,607 191 275 1,141 1,416
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 41 6 19 16 34
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 63 13 27 24 51
Alcohol Dependence 71 5 24 42 66
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 135 10 48 77 125
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 179 19 63 97 160
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 55 11 22 22 44
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 131 10 48 72 120
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 23 31 98 130
130129

UTAH

Table 100 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Utah, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.25 8.31 12.91 4.21 5.97
Past Year Marijuana Use 6.98 9.81 16.81 3.99 6.59
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.28 5.07 9.80 2.75 4.18
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.12 4.59 6.85 1.92 2.93
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.81 1.36 5.22 1.02 1.87
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.96 6.91 10.28 3.27 4.70
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.94 44.39 31.59 42.75 40.47
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.19 3.82 2.96 0.10 0.71
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 27.94 7.63 30.36 30.79 30.69
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 15.19 6.03 23.88 14.52 16.43
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
51.40 49.86 44.82 53.35 51.61
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 13.494 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 11.824 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 17.84 7.51 24.01 18.03 19.24
Past Month Cigarette Use 15.42 5.86 21.77 15.45 16.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.21 76.88 73.38 78.25 77.25
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.49 4.96 1.08 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.04 5.05 7.09 1.67 2.77
Alcohol Dependence 3.41 1.93 6.53 2.88 3.62
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.48 4.14 12.74 5.29 6.80
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.57 7.45 16.84 6.65 8.72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.65 4.54 5.96 1.49 2.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.26 4.03 12.91 4.95 6.57
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.15 8.33 6.74 7.07
130129

VERMONT

Table 101 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Vermont, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 62 6 21 35 56
Past Year Marijuana Use 83 9 30 44 74
Past Month Marijuana Use 54 5 20 29 49
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 21 2 8 11 19
Past Year Cocaine Use 16 1 7 8 15
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 25 3 9 13 22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 149 12 9 128 137
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 3 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 324 10 50 264 314
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 136 6 36 93 129
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
197 17 14 165 180
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 314 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 154 7 31 116 147
Past Month Cigarette Use 120 5 26 89 115
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
414 36 49 328 377
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 10 1 4 5 9
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 15 2 6 6 13
Alcohol Dependence 20 1 5 14 19
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 40 3 13 24 37
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 49 4 16 29 45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 14 2 6 6 12
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 38 3 12 23 35
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 4 6 26 32
130129

VERMONT

Table 102 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Vermont, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.60 13.06 30.69 8.32 11.45
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.49 17.84 44.56 10.48 15.25
Past Month Marijuana Use 10.17 10.93 29.69 6.90 10.09
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.99 4.83 11.12 2.73 3.91
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.99 1.31 10.51 1.97 3.17
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.68 6.44 13.22 3.07 4.50
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.84 24.02 12.65 30.77 28.23
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.37 7.52 10.49 0.14 1.42
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.69 20.36 73.84 63.33 64.80
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.36 12.62 53.33 22.31 26.66
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.77 33.86 21.23 39.65 37.07
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 38.274 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 27.204 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.87 14.74 46.21 27.72 30.31
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.49 10.44 38.79 21.27 23.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.35 73.21 72.08 78.70 77.78
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.85 2.30 6.21 1.09 1.80
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.80 4.56 9.53 1.49 2.62
Alcohol Dependence 3.76 2.25 7.88 3.27 3.92
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.47 5.49 19.45 5.75 7.67
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.19 8.33 23.72 6.92 9.28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.58 4.16 8.63 1.40 2.42
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.11 5.40 18.22 5.50 7.28
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.13 8.57 6.18 6.52
130129

VIRGINIA

Table 103 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 460 58 161 241 401
Past Year Marijuana Use 622 81 226 316 542
Past Month Marijuana Use 364 41 136 187 322
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 196 26 59 111 170
Past Year Cocaine Use 135 8 49 79 127
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 307 41 95 170 265
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,229 197 185 1,847 2,032
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 64 30 30 4 34
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,382 91 528 2,763 3,291
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,490 57 357 1,076 1,433
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,675 246 273 2,156 2,430
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2414 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1654 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,704 72 330 1,302 1,632
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,464 62 290 1,112 1,402
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
4,683 426 568 3,688 4,257
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 123 15 48 60 108
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 179 27 69 83 152
Alcohol Dependence 222 13 63 146 209
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 489 32 156 302 458
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 588 47 194 347 541
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 161 25 62 73 136
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 459 30 151 279 430
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 59 75 317 392
130129

VIRGINIA

Table 104 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.29 9.50 19.58 4.94 7.05
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.87 13.18 27.50 6.49 9.52
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.77 6.76 16.54 3.83 5.66
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.11 4.29 7.22 2.27 2.98
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.15 1.31 5.95 1.61 2.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.86 6.78 11.59 3.49 4.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.34 32.12 22.57 37.90 35.69
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.82 5.66 6.95 0.14 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.63 14.85 64.43 56.69 57.81
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.64 9.34 43.56 22.08 25.18
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.43 40.16 33.32 44.25 42.67
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.214 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.914 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.02 11.72 40.26 26.71 28.66
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.21 10.08 35.35 22.82 24.63
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.27 69.65 69.30 75.69 74.77
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.42 5.87 1.23 1.90
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.84 4.44 8.37 1.71 2.67
Alcohol Dependence 3.52 2.06 7.67 3.00 3.68
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.76 5.17 18.98 6.20 8.04
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.33 7.69 23.60 7.13 9.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.56 4.14 7.60 1.51 2.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.29 4.88 18.36 5.72 7.55
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.56 9.10 6.51 6.88
130129

WASHINGTON

Table 105 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Washington, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 519 50 139 330 469
Past Year Marijuana Use 659 75 207 376 584
Past Month Marijuana Use 396 38 117 242 358
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 204 25 56 123 179
Past Year Cocaine Use 125 8 46 71 117
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 332 41 99 191 291
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,500 152 133 1,216 1,348
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 51 25 23 3 26
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,055 84 424 2,547 2,971
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,141 45 280 816 1,096
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,223 198 208 1,817 2,025
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2474 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1534 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,453 67 274 1,113 1,387
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,226 50 233 943 1,177
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,978 364 469 3,146 3,615
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 98 15 35 48 83
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 137 25 51 61 112
Alcohol Dependence 202 12 53 137 190
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 431 29 124 278 402
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 507 43 147 317 464
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 119 22 46 52 98
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 397 27 118 251 370
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 45 58 314 372
130129

WASHINGTON

Table 106 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Washington, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.62 9.55 20.58 7.86 9.62
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.19 14.17 30.81 8.96 11.98
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.34 7.15 17.34 5.76 7.36
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.77 4.73 8.25 2.93 3.66
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.32 1.52 6.79 1.70 2.40
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.14 7.77 14.76 4.56 5.97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.77 28.67 19.73 28.94 27.67
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.79 5.38 7.14 0.16 1.10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.56 15.92 62.93 60.65 60.97
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.12 8.58 41.51 19.43 22.48
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.15 37.43 30.83 43.27 41.55
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.744 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.484 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.91 12.66 40.64 26.50 28.45
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.70 9.39 34.67 22.46 24.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.65 68.84 69.65 74.90 74.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.82 2.87 5.17 1.15 1.71
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.54 4.69 7.58 1.46 2.30
Alcohol Dependence 3.74 2.28 7.90 3.26 3.90
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.98 5.46 18.47 6.61 8.25
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.39 8.07 21.89 7.55 9.53
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.21 4.10 6.83 1.23 2.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.35 5.17 17.59 5.99 7.59
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.59 8.56 7.48 7.63
130129

WEST VIRGINIA

Table 107 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in West Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 105 12 31 62 93
Past Year Marijuana Use 134 17 43 74 117
Past Month Marijuana Use 74 8 25 40 65
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 58 6 17 35 52
Past Year Cocaine Use 39 2 14 23 37
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 77 10 24 43 67
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 671 52 44 575 619
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 6 5 1 6
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 589 19 94 476 570
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 297 12 67 218 285
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
632 54 60 519 578
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 494 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 344 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 565 23 94 448 543
Past Month Cigarette Use 446 17 82 347 429
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,055 89 114 852 965
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 33 3 11 18 29
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 44 6 14 23 38
Alcohol Dependence 50 3 13 34 47
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 99 6 29 63 92
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 124 9 36 79 115
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 39 5 13 20 33
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 92 6 27 58 86
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 12 17 102 119
130129

WEST VIRGINIA

Table 108 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in West Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.81 8.98 17.41 5.03 6.61
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.73 12.66 24.12 6.06 8.35
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.80 6.25 14.29 3.27 4.67
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.80 4.64 9.50 2.88 3.72
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.52 1.34 7.87 1.87 2.63
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.98 7.11 13.62 3.50 4.78
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.67 38.66 24.69 46.97 44.15
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.23 5.09 5.72 0.11 0.70
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 38.30 13.94 52.93 38.87 40.65
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.35 9.00 37.80 17.81 20.34
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.13 39.89 33.68 42.35 41.25
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.984 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.344 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 36.79 16.79 53.30 36.61 38.72
Past Month Cigarette Use 29.07 13.01 46.05 28.37 30.61
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
68.67 66.60 64.22 69.54 68.87
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.13 2.56 6.25 1.49 2.09
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.84 4.36 8.07 1.92 2.69
Alcohol Dependence 3.25 2.08 7.29 2.79 3.36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.43 4.67 16.40 5.17 6.59
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.10 7.07 20.36 6.43 8.19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.52 4.08 7.51 1.62 2.37
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.98 4.55 15.39 4.77 6.12
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.05 9.78 8.33 8.51
130129

WISCONSIN

Table 109 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Wisconsin, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 407 46 133 228 361
Past Year Marijuana Use 502 63 191 248 439
Past Month Marijuana Use 299 33 111 155 266
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 194 23 57 114 171
Past Year Cocaine Use 137 7 46 84 130
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 294 36 95 163 258
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,627 156 126 1,345 1,471
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 25 22 3 25
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,824 86 437 2,300 2,737
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,320 53 315 952 1,267
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,641 167 158 1,316 1,474
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2184 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,482 66 286 1,130 1,416
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,282 54 260 967 1,227
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,164 306 387 2,471 2,858
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 89 11 33 45 78
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 119 20 43 57 99
Alcohol Dependence 174 11 50 113 162
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 413 30 135 248 383
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 474 40 151 283 434
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 104 18 39 47 86
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 387 28 127 232 359
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 42 56 253 310
130129

WISCONSIN

Table 110 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Wisconsin, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.69 9.95 21.63 6.34 8.56
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.72 13.66 31.07 6.90 10.40
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.40 7.24 18.04 4.31 6.30
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.15 5.09 9.25 3.17 4.05
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.93 1.58 7.54 2.32 3.08
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.29 7.89 15.45 4.53 6.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.81 33.93 20.60 37.34 34.91
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.81 6.03 7.50 0.12 1.06
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.40 18.77 71.26 63.85 64.92
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.23 11.48 51.37 26.43 30.05
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.10 36.21 25.75 36.54 34.98
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.014 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.69 14.38 46.55 31.38 33.58
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.41 11.81 42.38 26.86 29.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
67.67 66.45 63.13 68.60 67.81
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.48 5.30 1.26 1.85
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.55 4.34 6.95 1.57 2.35
Alcohol Dependence 3.71 2.43 8.08 3.13 3.85
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.82 6.56 21.99 6.88 9.07
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.13 8.71 24.62 7.86 10.29
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.21 3.83 6.42 1.30 2.04
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.26 6.11 20.65 6.44 8.50
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.16 9.20 7.03 7.35
130129

WYOMING

Table 111 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Wyoming, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2007-2008 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2007-2008 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2007 and 2008 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 30 4 10 15 25
Past Year Marijuana Use 43 6 16 20 36
Past Month Marijuana Use 24 3 9 12 21
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 13 2 4 7 11
Past Year Cocaine Use 8 1 4 3 7
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 19 3 7 9 15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 160 16 13 131 144
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 2 2 0 2
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 231 8 38 185 224
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 108 5 27 76 103
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
175 16 16 143 159
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 204 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 154 8 30 115 145
Past Month Cigarette Use 119 6 25 88 113
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
310 30 39 241 280
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 7 1 3 3 6
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10 2 4 4 8
Alcohol Dependence 15