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130129

UNITED STATES

Table 1 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the United States, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The numbers in this table are based on national design-based estimates.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 20,139 2,452 6,487 11,201 17,688
Past Year Marijuana Use 25,285 3,257 9,098 12,931 22,029
Past Month Marijuana Use 14,660 1,694 5,364 7,601 12,966
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 9,457 1,217 2,777 5,463 8,240
Past Year Cocaine Use 5,912 398 2,175 3,338 5,513
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 12,583 1,753 4,029 6,801 10,830
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 95,916 8,739 8,049 79,127 87,176
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2,427 1,243 1,062 122 1,183
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 126,128 4,134 20,173 101,820 121,994
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 57,272 2,539 13,774 40,959 54,733
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
103,927 9,948 10,782 83,197 93,979
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 10,7904 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 7,2234 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 71,967 3,211 14,048 54,707 68,755
Past Month Cigarette Use 60,870 2,569 12,220 46,081 58,301
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
182,272 17,403 23,128 141,741 164,869
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 4,768 607 1,785 2,376 4,161
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 6,945 1,134 2,595 3,216 5,811
Alcohol Dependence 8,446 513 2,439 5,493 7,932
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 18,769 1,364 5,652 11,753 17,405
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22,515 1,994 6,894 13,628 20,522
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 6,190 1,047 2,420 2,723 5,143
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 17,896 1,313 5,470 11,113 16,583
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 2,037 2,641 12,019 14,659
130129

UNITED STATES

Table 2 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the United States, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The percentages in this table are based on national design-based estimates.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.16 9.68 19.82 5.93 7.98
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.24 12.86 27.79 6.85 9.94
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.94 6.69 16.39 4.02 5.85
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.83 4.81 8.48 2.89 3.72
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.39 1.57 6.64 1.77 2.49
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.10 6.92 12.31 3.60 4.89
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.85 34.52 24.59 41.90 39.34
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.57 6.29 0.11 0.93
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.07 16.33 61.62 53.90 55.04
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.19 10.03 42.08 21.68 24.70
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.09 39.30 32.94 44.05 42.41
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.164 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.854 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.15 12.69 42.91 28.97 31.03
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.65 10.15 37.33 24.40 26.31
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.81 68.74 70.65 75.04 74.39
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.40 5.45 1.26 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 4.48 7.93 1.70 2.62
Alcohol Dependence 3.42 2.03 7.45 2.91 3.58
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.60 5.39 17.27 6.22 7.85
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.12 7.87 21.06 7.21 9.26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.51 4.14 7.39 1.44 2.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.25 5.18 16.71 5.88 7.48
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
IN THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.04 8.07 6.36 6.62
130129

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 3 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 3,864 440 1,289 2,136 3,424
Past Year Marijuana Use 5,168 630 1,894 2,644 4,538
Past Month Marijuana Use 2,968 330 1,140 1,498 2,638
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,600 186 471 943 1,414
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,140 63 410 667 1,077
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,987 255 666 1,067 1,733
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 16,813 1,426 1,252 14,135 15,388
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 464 235 207 22 229
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 25,687 825 3,923 20,938 24,862
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 11,050 506 2,704 7,840 10,544
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
18,484 1,703 1,787 14,994 16,781
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,1674 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,4664 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 12,469 554 2,487 9,428 11,915
Past Month Cigarette Use 10,579 441 2,147 7,991 10,138
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
34,891 3,164 4,289 27,438 31,728
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 885 103 342 440 782
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,265 194 505 567 1,072
Alcohol Dependence 1,469 81 443 945 1,388
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 3,288 233 1,028 2,027 3,055
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3,981 342 1,270 2,369 3,639
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,100 179 468 453 921
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 3,132 227 987 1,918 2,905
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
IN THE PAST YEAR8
-- 347 472 2,184 2,656
130129

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 4 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.43 9.80 21.91 6.02 8.28
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.27 14.04 32.20 7.45 10.97
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.47 7.36 19.37 4.22 6.38
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.49 4.15 8.00 2.66 3.42
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.49 1.40 6.96 1.88 2.60
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.33 5.67 11.32 3.01 4.19
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.65 31.79 21.28 39.82 37.18
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.70 5.99 7.21 0.11 0.98
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.00 18.40 66.69 58.99 60.09
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.09 11.27 45.96 22.09 25.49
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.30 37.96 30.38 42.24 40.55
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.614 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.394 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.19 12.34 42.27 26.56 28.80
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.07 9.83 36.50 22.51 24.51
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
76.07 70.52 72.91 77.30 76.68
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.29 5.82 1.24 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.76 4.31 8.59 1.60 2.59
Alcohol Dependence 3.20 1.80 7.53 2.66 3.36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.17 5.19 17.48 5.71 7.39
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.68 7.63 21.59 6.67 8.80
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.40 4.00 7.95 1.28 2.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.83 5.06 16.77 5.40 7.02
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE
IN THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.73 8.02 6.15 6.42
130129

MIDWEST REGION

Table 5 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 4,323 545 1,432 2,345 3,778
Past Year Marijuana Use 5,627 720 2,084 2,823 4,907
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,254 387 1,186 1,681 2,867
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,971 265 615 1,091 1,706
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,229 83 470 676 1,146
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 2,779 393 932 1,454 2,386
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 20,587 2,003 1,641 16,943 18,583
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 565 286 251 27 279
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 29,523 961 4,902 23,660 28,562
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 14,159 601 3,481 10,077 13,558
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
20,835 2,090 2,055 16,690 18,745
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,5404 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,7864 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 17,431 808 3,519 13,104 16,623
Past Month Cigarette Use 14,743 650 3,087 11,006 14,093
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
38,982 3,844 4,916 30,221 35,137
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,035 139 389 507 896
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,503 251 571 680 1,251
Alcohol Dependence 1,961 120 578 1,263 1,841
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,592 337 1,442 2,813 4,255
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,373 474 1,696 3,204 4,899
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,311 230 530 551 1,081
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,340 321 1,381 2,638 4,019
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 462 633 2,726 3,359
130129

MIDWEST REGION

Table 6 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.89 9.66 19.53 5.61 7.69
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.27 12.76 28.41 6.76 9.99
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.94 6.86 16.17 4.02 5.84
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.60 4.70 8.38 2.61 3.47
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.24 1.47 6.41 1.62 2.33
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.07 6.96 12.70 3.48 4.86
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.61 35.50 22.37 40.56 37.85
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 5.69 6.81 0.11 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.92 17.04 66.82 56.64 58.16
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.86 10.66 47.45 24.12 27.61
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.05 37.04 28.01 39.95 38.17
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.864 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.994 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.84 14.32 47.97 31.37 33.85
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.93 11.52 42.08 26.35 28.70
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.20 68.13 67.02 72.35 71.55
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.89 2.47 5.31 1.21 1.82
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.74 4.45 7.79 1.63 2.55
Alcohol Dependence 3.58 2.13 7.88 3.02 3.75
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.39 5.97 19.66 6.73 8.66
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.81 8.39 23.11 7.67 9.98
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.39 4.08 7.22 1.32 2.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.93 5.68 18.83 6.32 8.18
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.19 8.63 6.53 6.84
130129

SOUTH REGION

Table 7 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the South Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6,711 851 2,136 3,724 5,860
Past Year Marijuana Use 8,196 1,094 2,895 4,208 7,102
Past Month Marijuana Use 4,680 558 1,706 2,416 4,122
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3,515 463 997 2,054 3,051
Past Year Cocaine Use 2,100 142 742 1,215 1,957
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4,640 668 1,433 2,539 3,972
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38,199 3,319 3,215 31,665 34,880
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 835 433 357 45 402
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42,226 1,386 6,719 34,121 40,840
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19,495 836 4,511 14,148 18,659
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39,957 3,782 4,177 31,998 36,175
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3,5674 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2,3124 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27,768 1,203 5,122 21,443 26,565
Past Month Cigarette Use 23,333 977 4,439 17,917 22,355
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
65,241 6,177 8,177 50,887 59,064
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,746 213 635 899 1,533
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,577 407 913 1,258 2,170
Alcohol Dependence 2,885 178 812 1,895 2,707
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6,330 444 1,832 4,054 5,886
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7,759 681 2,294 4,784 7,078
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2,297 379 851 1,066 1,917
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6,082 431 1,779 3,872 5,651
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 749 920 4,520 5,439
130129

SOUTH REGION

Table 8 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the South Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.50 9.32 18.28 5.43 7.30
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.16 11.97 24.77 6.13 8.84
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.23 6.10 14.60 3.52 5.13
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.93 5.07 8.53 2.99 3.80
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.35 1.56 6.35 1.77 2.44
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.19 7.31 12.26 3.70 4.94
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.70 36.31 27.51 46.14 43.43
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 5.31 5.66 0.11 0.83
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.19 15.16 57.51 49.70 50.83
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.79 9.15 38.60 20.61 23.23
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.66 41.38 35.75 46.62 45.04
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.944 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.824 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.04 13.16 43.84 31.25 33.08
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.09 10.69 37.99 26.11 27.84
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.92 67.58 69.98 74.13 73.53
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.33 5.43 1.31 1.91
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.88 4.45 7.81 1.83 2.70
Alcohol Dependence 3.22 1.95 6.95 2.76 3.37
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.08 4.86 15.68 5.91 7.33
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.67 7.45 19.63 6.97 8.81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.57 4.15 7.28 1.55 2.39
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.80 4.72 15.22 5.64 7.03
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.19 7.87 6.59 6.77
130129

WEST REGION

Table 9 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the West Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5,241 615 1,630 2,995 4,626
Past Year Marijuana Use 6,294 813 2,225 3,256 5,481
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,758 419 1,333 2,006 3,339
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2,372 302 694 1,375 2,070
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,443 110 553 780 1,333
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3,177 438 998 1,741 2,739
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 20,317 1,991 1,942 16,384 18,326
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 563 290 246 28 274
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 28,692 962 4,629 23,101 27,730
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 12,568 596 3,079 8,894 11,972
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
24,651 2,373 2,762 19,516 22,278
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,5174 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,6594 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 14,298 647 2,920 10,732 13,652
Past Month Cigarette Use 12,215 500 2,547 9,168 11,715
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
43,159 4,219 5,746 33,194 38,940
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,102 152 419 531 950
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,600 282 606 712 1,318
Alcohol Dependence 2,131 135 606 1,390 1,996
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,559 351 1,349 2,859 4,209
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,403 497 1,635 3,271 4,906
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,482 258 571 652 1,223
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,342 334 1,323 2,685 4,008
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 479 616 2,588 3,205
130129

WEST REGION

Table 10 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the West Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.22 10.18 20.81 6.97 9.10
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.07 13.45 28.41 7.58 10.79
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.61 6.94 17.01 4.67 6.57
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.17 5.00 8.87 3.20 4.07
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.54 1.82 7.06 1.81 2.62
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.59 7.24 12.74 4.05 5.39
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.73 32.92 24.80 38.12 36.07
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 5.55 6.13 0.11 0.97
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.46 15.90 59.10 53.75 54.58
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.11 9.85 39.31 20.70 23.57
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.36 39.25 35.27 45.41 43.84
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.344 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.024 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.15 10.69 37.28 24.98 26.87
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.48 8.27 32.52 21.33 23.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.91 69.76 73.37 77.24 76.64
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.51 5.35 1.24 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 4.66 7.74 1.66 2.59
Alcohol Dependence 3.75 2.23 7.74 3.23 3.93
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.02 5.80 17.23 6.65 8.28
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.50 8.22 20.87 7.61 9.65
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.61 4.27 7.29 1.52 2.41
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.64 5.52 16.89 6.25 7.89
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.92 7.87 6.02 6.31
130129

ALABAMA

Table 11 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alabama, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 268 34 80 154 233
Past Year Marijuana Use 302 43 96 163 259
Past Month Marijuana Use 170 21 57 92 149
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 149 21 43 86 129
Past Year Cocaine Use 75 5 25 45 70
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 227 34 69 124 193
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,859 157 157 1,545 1,701
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 35 18 15 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,524 58 261 1,205 1,466
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 714 34 166 514 680
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,715 163 180 1,372 1,552
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1494 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 924 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,305 64 239 1,002 1,241
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,086 46 194 846 1,040
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,661 246 342 2,073 2,415
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 74 8 25 41 65
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 115 16 37 62 99
Alcohol Dependence 112 8 30 74 104
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 240 19 65 156 221
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 295 27 81 187 268
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 94 14 33 47 81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 227 18 61 148 209
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 30 38 167 205
130129

ALABAMA

Table 12 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alabama, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.03 8.87 15.90 5.27 6.82
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.94 11.20 19.28 5.57 7.57
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.47 5.41 11.39 3.16 4.36
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.92 5.38 8.54 2.94 3.76
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.97 1.33 5.05 1.53 2.04
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.96 8.91 13.73 4.25 5.63
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.83 40.64 31.29 52.91 49.76
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.32 5.01 4.71 0.10 0.73
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.04 14.96 52.22 41.27 42.87
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 18.77 8.79 33.25 17.61 19.89
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.05 42.03 36.02 46.99 45.39
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 34.28 16.43 47.82 34.32 36.29
Past Month Cigarette Use 28.53 11.96 38.80 28.96 30.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.91 63.69 68.31 71.01 70.61
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.18 4.91 1.39 1.91
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.01 4.03 7.41 2.13 2.90
Alcohol Dependence 2.94 2.04 5.93 2.54 3.04
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.29 4.85 13.02 5.33 6.45
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.75 6.91 16.23 6.42 7.85
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.48 3.55 6.69 1.61 2.36
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.95 4.58 12.20 5.07 6.11
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.66 7.60 5.71 5.98
130129

ALASKA

Table 13 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alaska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 57 7 17 33 50
Past Year Marijuana Use 74 10 25 40 64
Past Month Marijuana Use 43 5 14 24 38
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 21 3 7 11 18
Past Year Cocaine Use 15 1 6 8 14
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 27 5 8 14 23
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 156 18 14 124 138
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 3 2 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 287 10 46 232 278
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 122 6 30 85 116
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
202 24 21 157 178
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 274 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 184 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 160 9 35 116 151
Past Month Cigarette Use 130 6 29 95 124
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
381 44 50 287 337
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 12 2 5 6 10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 17 3 7 7 14
Alcohol Dependence 21 2 5 14 19
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 41 4 13 24 38
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 51 6 17 29 45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 15 3 6 6 12
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 37 3 12 22 34
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 5 6 26 32
130129

ALASKA

Table 14 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Alaska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.68 10.80 23.21 8.32 10.67
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.89 15.16 33.24 10.06 13.72
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.02 7.98 18.81 6.00 8.02
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.89 4.70 8.84 2.84 3.78
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.80 1.45 7.85 2.07 2.99
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.11 7.20 11.29 3.61 4.82
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 29.24 28.29 19.27 31.27 29.37
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.26 5.83 7.44 0.15 1.34
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.81 15.16 61.45 58.65 59.10
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.76 9.19 40.95 21.56 24.62
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.83 37.78 27.62 39.76 37.84
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.994 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.494 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.97 14.19 46.46 29.44 32.13
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.40 9.78 39.62 23.93 26.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.39 68.30 67.24 72.67 71.82
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.27 2.98 6.12 1.43 2.17
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.18 4.73 9.09 1.82 2.97
Alcohol Dependence 3.88 2.36 7.29 3.49 4.09
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.76 5.94 17.69 6.19 8.00
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.49 8.54 22.40 7.22 9.61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.81 4.17 7.97 1.62 2.62
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.00 5.28 16.74 5.46 7.24
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.07 8.48 6.55 6.85
130129

ARIZONA

Table 15 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arizona, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 457 54 140 263 403
Past Year Marijuana Use 467 66 171 229 401
Past Month Marijuana Use 271 32 101 138 239
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 274 32 74 168 242
Past Year Cocaine Use 160 13 56 90 147
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 327 46 92 188 280
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,964 187 195 1,582 1,777
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 49 26 21 2 23
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,606 88 390 2,127 2,517
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,161 54 253 854 1,107
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,084 188 229 1,667 1,896
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2324 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1534 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,454 66 281 1,107 1,388
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,269 56 250 964 1,213
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,745 365 473 2,907 3,380
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 92 13 32 48 80
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 147 23 48 75 124
Alcohol Dependence 186 12 50 124 174
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 371 26 104 241 344
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 461 40 132 290 421
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 132 21 44 67 111
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 355 26 101 229 329
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 43 55 251 307
130129

ARIZONA

Table 16 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arizona, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.05 10.21 20.91 6.83 8.91
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.24 12.47 25.68 5.95 8.86
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.37 6.02 15.17 3.58 5.29
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.42 6.07 11.10 4.35 5.35
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.16 2.44 8.46 2.34 3.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.46 8.73 13.81 4.88 6.20
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.88 35.17 29.24 41.06 39.32
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.59 5.44 5.96 0.11 0.89
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.58 16.59 58.50 55.20 55.69
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.98 10.19 37.90 22.16 24.49
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.25 35.33 34.37 43.25 41.94
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.364 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.714 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.79 12.42 42.13 28.73 30.71
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.12 10.50 37.39 25.01 26.84
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.13 68.67 70.78 75.46 74.77
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.83 2.37 4.82 1.23 1.76
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.91 4.34 7.26 1.95 2.74
Alcohol Dependence 3.67 2.28 7.49 3.21 3.84
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.34 4.96 15.52 6.25 7.62
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.13 7.53 19.71 7.52 9.31
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.61 4.01 6.56 1.73 2.44
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.03 4.80 15.12 5.93 7.29
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.14 8.29 6.52 6.78
130129

ARKANSAS

Table 17 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arkansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 198 24 62 112 174
Past Year Marijuana Use 233 30 79 124 204
Past Month Marijuana Use 135 16 46 73 119
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 113 14 33 66 98
Past Year Cocaine Use 51 3 20 27 48
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 171 22 54 95 149
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 999 90 80 829 909
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 22 11 9 1 11
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,012 40 164 808 972
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 515 25 119 371 490
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
951 93 104 755 858
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1054 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 684 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 820 38 148 633 781
Past Month Cigarette Use 690 34 131 525 656
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,652 154 203 1,296 1,499
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 50 6 17 26 44
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 73 12 26 35 61
Alcohol Dependence 87 6 24 57 81
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 190 17 56 117 174
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 231 23 69 139 207
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 66 12 24 30 54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 180 16 53 112 164
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 19 27 129 156
130129

ARKANSAS

Table 18 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Arkansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.58 10.14 20.94 6.30 8.41
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.10 12.69 26.55 7.00 9.81
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.83 6.63 15.43 4.11 5.74
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.88 6.15 10.93 3.70 4.74
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.21 1.49 6.79 1.54 2.29
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 7.38 9.32 18.01 5.35 7.17
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.21 38.20 26.93 46.60 43.78
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.56 5.73 6.43 0.11 0.87
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 43.77 17.00 55.05 45.41 46.80
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.30 10.75 39.94 20.87 23.61
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.14 39.50 34.76 42.43 41.33
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.574 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 35.47 16.42 49.73 35.59 37.62
Past Month Cigarette Use 29.88 14.51 44.01 29.53 31.61
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.50 65.52 68.10 72.85 72.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.15 2.62 5.84 1.47 2.10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.17 5.25 8.56 1.99 2.93
Alcohol Dependence 3.77 2.68 8.02 3.21 3.90
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.22 7.04 18.94 6.58 8.36
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.99 9.98 23.07 7.79 9.99
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.85 5.07 7.97 1.69 2.60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.80 6.71 17.65 6.29 7.92
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.16 9.13 7.24 7.51
130129

CALIFORNIA

Table 19 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in California, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 2,692 325 867 1,500 2,367
Past Year Marijuana Use 3,329 424 1,180 1,726 2,906
Past Month Marijuana Use 1,954 221 714 1,018 1,732
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,189 153 353 683 1,036
Past Year Cocaine Use 726 56 281 389 670
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,586 213 508 865 1,373
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 11,175 1,081 1,102 8,992 10,094
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 297 150 133 14 147
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 14,686 505 2,478 11,703 14,181
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 6,432 318 1,610 4,505 6,114
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
13,514 1,322 1,588 10,604 12,192
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1,3084 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 8444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 6,803 286 1,417 5,099 6,517
Past Month Cigarette Use 5,918 226 1,240 4,452 5,692
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
22,983 2,281 3,172 17,530 20,701
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 576 77 224 275 499
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 812 149 312 352 664
Alcohol Dependence 1,155 72 332 752 1,084
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 2,430 186 717 1,526 2,244
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,830 259 862 1,709 2,571
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 767 136 300 331 631
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 2,317 178 706 1,434 2,139
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 246 313 1,243 1,557
130129

CALIFORNIA

Table 20 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in California, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.05 9.98 20.57 6.73 8.93
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.19 13.03 27.99 7.75 10.97
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.57 6.81 16.94 4.57 6.54
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.00 4.70 8.36 3.07 3.91
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 1.72 6.67 1.75 2.53
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.33 6.55 12.05 3.88 5.18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.57 33.25 26.13 40.37 38.10
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.61 5.23 5.83 0.11 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 49.37 15.54 58.78 52.54 53.53
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.63 9.77 38.18 20.22 23.08
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.43 40.65 37.65 47.61 46.02
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.594 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 22.87 8.81 33.61 22.89 24.60
Past Month Cigarette Use 19.89 6.96 29.41 19.98 21.48
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.27 70.17 75.22 78.70 78.14
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.38 5.31 1.23 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.73 4.58 7.39 1.58 2.51
Alcohol Dependence 3.88 2.20 7.87 3.38 4.09
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.17 5.73 17.01 6.85 8.47
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.51 7.98 20.43 7.67 9.70
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.58 4.20 7.11 1.49 2.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.79 5.46 16.73 6.44 8.08
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.56 7.43 5.58 5.88
130129

COLORADO

Table 21 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Colorado, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 428 45 130 253 382
Past Year Marijuana Use 506 63 180 263 443
Past Month Marijuana Use 320 32 112 176 288
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 179 22 50 107 158
Past Year Cocaine Use 123 8 45 70 115
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 217 29 68 121 188
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,118 107 88 922 1,011
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 23 17 2 19
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,360 70 357 1,933 2,290
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,028 44 248 737 984
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,476 133 132 1,211 1,343
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1714 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,169 57 253 860 1,112
Past Month Cigarette Use 953 39 217 696 913
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,946 268 367 2,311 2,678
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 82 10 29 43 72
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 126 20 46 60 106
Alcohol Dependence 151 10 46 95 141
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 372 28 115 229 344
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 448 39 135 274 409
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 115 19 43 54 96
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 360 27 115 217 333
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 35 44 189 233
130129

COLORADO

Table 22 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Colorado, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.87 11.67 25.10 8.35 10.79
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.85 16.26 34.82 8.67 12.48
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.13 8.15 21.76 5.81 8.13
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.55 5.58 9.76 3.54 4.44
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.13 2.05 8.74 2.31 3.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.53 7.49 13.08 3.99 5.31
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.42 27.65 17.07 30.46 28.50
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.37 7.85 8.87 0.16 1.28
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.00 17.99 69.01 63.83 64.58
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.15 11.39 47.95 24.32 27.76
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.54 34.37 25.63 39.97 37.88
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.034 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.324 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.73 14.79 48.85 28.38 31.36
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.22 10.19 42.07 22.97 25.75
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.91 69.16 71.01 76.30 75.53
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.09 2.71 5.55 1.43 2.03
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.20 5.21 8.91 1.97 2.98
Alcohol Dependence 3.83 2.50 8.96 3.13 3.98
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.45 7.28 22.25 7.55 9.69
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 11.38 10.08 26.15 9.03 11.53
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.93 4.95 8.25 1.77 2.71
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.15 6.96 22.34 7.18 9.39
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.94 8.59 6.24 6.58
130129

CONNECTICUT

Table 23 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Connecticut, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 234 29 81 124 205
Past Year Marijuana Use 333 42 126 165 291
Past Month Marijuana Use 181 22 71 88 159
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 94 12 28 54 82
Past Year Cocaine Use 70 5 26 39 65
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 123 16 43 65 107
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,058 88 74 896 970
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 17 13 1 15
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,813 57 254 1,501 1,756
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 734 39 177 517 694
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,142 105 103 934 1,037
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1414 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1004 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 769 37 165 567 732
Past Month Cigarette Use 615 29 139 447 587
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,288 212 262 1,814 2,076
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 57 8 24 25 49
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 81 14 34 33 67
Alcohol Dependence 106 7 31 68 99
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 246 21 76 149 226
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 283 27 90 166 255
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 70 13 30 27 58
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 230 19 71 140 211
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 22 28 135 164
130129

CONNECTICUT

Table 24 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Connecticut, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.01 9.72 23.00 5.46 7.82
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.39 14.22 35.63 7.26 11.07
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.21 7.44 20.21 3.87 6.07
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.20 4.02 7.99 2.35 3.11
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.41 1.75 7.50 1.71 2.49
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.20 5.25 12.08 2.84 4.08
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.20 29.78 20.85 39.42 36.92
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.94 6.70 8.54 0.11 1.05
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 62.04 19.35 72.07 66.05 66.86
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.11 13.24 50.33 22.74 26.45
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.08 35.28 29.29 41.09 39.50
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.854 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 23.404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.30 12.42 46.69 24.95 27.87
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.07 9.76 39.46 19.68 22.35
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
78.30 71.64 74.22 79.80 79.05
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.59 6.70 1.11 1.86
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.76 4.58 9.59 1.47 2.56
Alcohol Dependence 3.63 2.41 8.68 3.00 3.77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.43 6.92 21.65 6.57 8.60
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.68 9.17 25.50 7.28 9.74
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.40 4.23 8.59 1.20 2.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.87 6.53 20.01 6.16 8.03
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.59 8.05 5.96 6.24
130129

DELAWARE

Table 25 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Delaware, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 61 7 20 34 54
Past Year Marijuana Use 79 9 30 41 70
Past Month Marijuana Use 45 5 17 22 40
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 27 3 8 16 24
Past Year Cocaine Use 18 1 6 11 17
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 34 5 11 18 29
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 270 25 19 226 245
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 382 11 60 311 371
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 163 6 41 116 157
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
289 29 30 230 260
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 314 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 214 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 200 8 37 155 192
Past Month Cigarette Use 175 7 34 134 168
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
526 49 65 412 477
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 2 5 8 13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 3 9 11 19
Alcohol Dependence 22 1 6 15 21
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 47 3 14 30 44
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 61 5 19 38 57
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 21 3 8 10 18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 45 3 13 29 42
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 6 7 34 41
130129

DELAWARE

Table 26 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Delaware, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.59 9.89 21.95 6.17 8.44
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.16 12.67 32.19 7.43 11.00
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.27 6.90 18.73 4.09 6.20
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.76 4.48 8.21 2.92 3.68
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.50 1.32 6.31 2.01 2.63
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.76 6.58 11.96 3.32 4.56
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.04 35.33 20.91 41.27 38.34
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.14 7.69 0.11 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.81 15.73 65.07 56.81 58.00
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.01 9.14 44.65 21.15 24.53
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.65 40.73 32.45 42.02 40.64
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.434 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.584 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.18 11.06 40.42 28.31 30.06
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.62 9.32 36.83 24.53 26.30
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.04 69.44 70.29 75.26 74.54
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.09 2.33 5.97 1.41 2.07
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.15 4.39 9.51 1.92 3.01
Alcohol Dependence 3.15 1.86 6.85 2.69 3.29
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.62 4.37 15.02 5.50 6.87
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.64 6.83 20.39 6.90 8.84
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.91 4.07 8.88 1.76 2.78
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.33 4.30 14.44 5.22 6.55
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.91 7.99 6.22 6.47
130129

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 27 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 60 4 22 34 56
Past Year Marijuana Use 77 5 31 42 72
Past Month Marijuana Use 48 3 20 26 46
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 24 2 6 16 22
Past Year Cocaine Use 25 0 5 20 25
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 20 2 7 11 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 154 10 15 129 144
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 2 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 292 5 58 229 287
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 141 3 39 99 139
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
216 16 27 173 199
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 234 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 143 4 31 108 139
Past Month Cigarette Use 130 3 30 98 127
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
391 25 64 302 365
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 1 5 10 15
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 2 7 14 21
Alcohol Dependence 24 1 7 16 23
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 50 1 16 32 48
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 62 3 20 40 60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 17 2 7 9 16
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 48 1 16 31 47
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 3 7 28 34
130129

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 28 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 12.07 11.17 26.51 9.03 12.14
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.49 13.00 37.20 11.03 15.69
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.68 6.81 23.97 6.87 9.91
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.80 4.62 7.64 4.20 4.81
Past Year Cocaine Use 4.98 0.75 5.72 5.25 5.33
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.03 4.32 8.62 3.00 4.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 30.99 27.23 17.80 34.23 31.30
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.22 6.18 8.70 0.19 1.63
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 58.61 14.07 70.50 60.51 62.29
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.41 7.67 47.61 26.32 30.12
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.29 42.98 32.47 45.68 43.32
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 33.644 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.014 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.68 9.28 38.25 28.57 30.28
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.09 7.23 36.20 25.80 27.64
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
78.43 66.24 77.51 79.86 79.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 3.10 1.87 5.84 2.63 3.20
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4.49 4.12 8.69 3.61 4.52
Alcohol Dependence 4.72 1.45 8.69 4.19 4.99
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.97 3.59 19.67 8.51 10.49
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 12.53 6.70 24.01 10.63 13.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.44 4.08 8.18 2.34 3.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.70 3.44 19.25 8.26 10.22
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.53 8.38 7.30 7.49
130129

FLORIDA

Table 29 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Florida, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,167 138 375 654 1,029
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,427 175 491 760 1,251
Past Month Marijuana Use 843 96 311 435 747
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 590 73 165 352 516
Past Year Cocaine Use 350 23 124 202 327
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 710 100 216 394 610
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,409 477 480 5,452 5,932
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 131 68 56 7 62
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 8,018 233 1,052 6,732 7,785
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,501 144 698 2,659 3,357
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,776 564 676 5,536 6,212
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 5794 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3784 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 4,378 162 736 3,481 4,216
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,726 132 631 2,964 3,594
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
11,399 958 1,269 9,173 10,441
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 283 33 103 147 250
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 415 61 146 207 354
Alcohol Dependence 499 29 129 341 470
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,070 69 281 720 1,001
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,289 104 348 837 1,185
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 386 56 133 196 329
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,019 68 268 684 952
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 105 129 731 860
130129

FLORIDA

Table 30 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Florida, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.68 9.92 21.06 5.43 7.46
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.39 12.62 27.63 6.31 9.06
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.55 6.93 17.51 3.61 5.41
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.88 5.29 9.25 2.92 3.74
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.30 1.65 7.00 1.68 2.37
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.67 7.17 12.16 3.27 4.42
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.14 34.33 26.97 45.28 42.92
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.34 5.51 5.91 0.09 0.73
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.72 16.79 59.16 55.91 56.33
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.02 10.38 39.21 22.08 24.29
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.55 40.58 38.01 45.98 44.95
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.514 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.964 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.79 11.66 41.35 28.91 30.52
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.51 9.48 35.46 24.61 26.02
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.95 68.93 71.32 76.18 75.55
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.86 2.36 5.78 1.22 1.81
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.73 4.42 8.23 1.72 2.56
Alcohol Dependence 3.28 2.11 7.25 2.83 3.40
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.04 4.96 15.82 5.98 7.25
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.48 7.48 19.58 6.95 8.58
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.54 4.05 7.50 1.63 2.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.70 4.86 15.06 5.68 6.89
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.57 7.25 6.07 6.23
130129

GEORGIA

Table 31 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Georgia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 570 69 171 330 501
Past Year Marijuana Use 751 96 247 408 655
Past Month Marijuana Use 428 47 144 237 380
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 254 34 72 147 219
Past Year Cocaine Use 194 12 58 124 182
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 398 56 118 223 341
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,208 284 290 2,634 2,924
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 74 36 34 4 38
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,519 118 536 2,865 3,402
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,604 69 364 1,171 1,535
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,516 360 356 2,801 3,156
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2984 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1884 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,345 113 439 1,793 2,233
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,858 83 369 1,407 1,775
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,583 561 702 4,320 5,022
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 145 18 51 76 127
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 232 35 80 117 197
Alcohol Dependence 246 15 60 171 231
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 508 35 141 332 473
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 650 58 189 403 592
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 212 34 77 102 178
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 491 34 140 317 457
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 70 74 386 460
130129

GEORGIA

Table 32 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Georgia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.50 8.39 17.06 5.73 7.40
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.89 11.62 24.68 7.08 9.68
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.63 5.73 14.33 4.11 5.62
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.34 4.18 7.20 2.56 3.24
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.56 1.48 5.76 2.16 2.69
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.24 6.84 11.77 3.88 5.04
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.30 34.54 28.90 45.72 43.24
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.56 4.87 6.26 0.12 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 46.41 14.30 53.53 49.74 50.30
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.15 8.44 36.32 20.33 22.69
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
46.36 43.70 35.50 48.61 46.68
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.094 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.92 13.72 43.86 31.12 33.00
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.49 10.04 36.80 24.41 26.24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.60 68.17 70.06 74.98 74.26
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.16 5.13 1.31 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.06 4.29 7.97 2.03 2.91
Alcohol Dependence 3.24 1.84 5.97 2.97 3.41
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.70 4.26 14.07 5.77 6.99
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.57 7.02 18.87 7.00 8.75
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.79 4.09 7.67 1.76 2.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.47 4.15 13.95 5.51 6.75
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.52 7.40 6.69 6.80
130129

HAWAII

Table 33 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Hawaii, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 77 10 23 44 67
Past Year Marijuana Use 96 14 35 47 82
Past Month Marijuana Use 57 7 20 30 50
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 30 4 8 17 25
Past Year Cocaine Use 20 1 7 12 19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 37 5 11 21 32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 414 32 34 347 381
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 5 4 0 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 502 14 77 410 488
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 237 9 54 174 228
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
453 42 44 367 411
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 334 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 243 10 49 184 233
Past Month Cigarette Use 218 7 45 167 211
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
783 71 92 620 712
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 2 5 7 13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 24 5 8 11 19
Alcohol Dependence 42 2 9 30 39
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 90 6 24 61 85
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 103 9 27 66 93
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 24 4 8 12 20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 88 6 24 59 83
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8 9 40 48
130129

HAWAII

Table 34 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Hawaii, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.39 9.81 18.60 5.33 7.13
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.24 14.11 28.03 5.70 8.72
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.50 7.05 15.67 3.72 5.34
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.84 4.21 6.34 2.12 2.69
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.96 1.41 5.67 1.45 2.02
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.58 5.35 8.59 2.58 3.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.54 32.54 26.85 42.37 40.27
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.75 6.33 7.59 0.09 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 48.00 14.10 61.20 50.06 51.57
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.70 9.01 42.63 21.25 24.14
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.31 42.40 34.93 44.73 43.41
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.184 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 23.25 10.05 38.77 22.42 24.63
Past Month Cigarette Use 20.91 7.06 35.29 20.34 22.37
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.93 71.37 73.17 75.64 75.30
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.47 2.50 4.23 0.91 1.36
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.32 4.79 6.52 1.36 2.06
Alcohol Dependence 3.98 2.31 7.51 3.63 4.16
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.67 5.93 18.92 7.40 8.96
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.84 9.26 21.37 8.10 9.90
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.28 4.21 6.22 1.43 2.07
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.47 5.71 18.93 7.17 8.76
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.37 6.96 4.84 5.12
130129

IDAHO

Table 35 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Idaho, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 88 12 28 48 76
Past Year Marijuana Use 102 15 40 47 87
Past Month Marijuana Use 63 8 23 32 55
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 40 6 12 22 34
Past Year Cocaine Use 21 2 10 9 19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 72 11 23 38 61
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 482 50 45 387 432
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 4 1 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 502 19 85 398 483
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 235 12 64 160 223
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
504 51 53 400 453
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 305 15 64 227 291
Past Month Cigarette Use 254 12 55 187 243
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
888 92 117 679 796
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 21 3 8 10 18
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 32 6 13 14 26
Alcohol Dependence 38 3 12 23 35
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 93 9 30 55 85
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 107 12 36 59 95
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 29 5 12 12 24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 88 8 30 50 80
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 12 14 64 78
130129

IDAHO

Table 36 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Idaho, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.36 8.80 16.72 5.41 7.18
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.54 11.44 24.04 5.24 8.17
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.29 6.10 13.85 3.58 5.18
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.35 4.62 7.14 2.46 3.19
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.42 5.96 1.04 1.81
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.01 8.02 13.72 4.28 5.75
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.47 37.68 27.51 43.28 40.82
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.52 5.02 4.70 0.12 0.82
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42.12 14.20 51.39 44.58 45.64
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.75 9.11 38.51 17.86 21.08
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.33 38.55 32.11 44.79 42.81
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.214 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.924 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.64 11.21 38.48 25.42 27.45
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.35 8.84 33.45 20.99 22.93
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.53 69.49 70.59 76.01 75.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.78 2.56 4.93 1.08 1.68
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.72 4.52 7.61 1.55 2.49
Alcohol Dependence 3.21 2.18 7.27 2.61 3.34
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.84 6.59 18.20 6.11 8.00
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.96 8.66 21.75 6.64 8.99
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.46 4.12 7.04 1.36 2.25
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.41 6.19 17.90 5.65 7.56
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.91 8.35 7.14 7.33
130129

ILLINOIS

Table 37 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Illinois, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 770 99 270 401 670
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,013 126 388 499 887
Past Month Marijuana Use 574 68 220 286 506
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 350 47 106 197 303
Past Year Cocaine Use 251 16 90 145 235
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 452 64 147 241 388
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,102 395 347 3,359 3,706
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 103 52 46 5 51
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 5,551 179 935 4,437 5,372
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,767 113 670 1,984 2,654
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
4,258 432 458 3,368 3,826
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,168 138 643 2,387 3,030
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,709 111 567 2,030 2,597
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
7,861 758 1,004 6,099 7,103
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 201 29 73 99 172
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 281 48 105 128 233
Alcohol Dependence 369 23 109 237 347
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 868 64 269 535 805
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,004 88 321 595 916
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 242 45 96 101 197
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 825 60 264 501 765
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 80 115 449 565
130129

ILLINOIS

Table 38 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Illinois, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.30 9.06 18.80 5.00 7.10
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.61 11.54 27.06 6.22 9.39
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.45 6.20 15.37 3.57 5.36
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.32 4.33 7.41 2.46 3.21
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.38 1.50 6.26 1.81 2.49
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.29 5.81 10.28 3.01 4.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.91 36.13 24.20 41.93 39.24
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.40 6.31 0.11 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.67 16.40 65.21 55.38 56.88
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.26 10.37 46.70 24.77 28.10
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.40 39.50 31.91 42.04 40.50
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.964 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.06 12.63 44.82 29.80 32.08
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.70 10.18 39.55 25.34 27.50
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.58 69.26 70.04 76.12 75.20
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.64 5.08 1.24 1.82
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.67 4.40 7.33 1.59 2.47
Alcohol Dependence 3.50 2.06 7.63 2.96 3.67
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.24 5.81 18.78 6.68 8.52
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.53 8.05 22.38 7.43 9.70
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.29 4.08 6.69 1.26 2.09
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.83 5.48 18.39 6.25 8.10
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.33 8.03 5.61 5.98
130129

INDIANA

Table 39 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Indiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 439 57 140 242 382
Past Year Marijuana Use 514 67 192 254 447
Past Month Marijuana Use 312 40 112 160 272
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 211 28 64 119 183
Past Year Cocaine Use 113 8 44 61 105
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 324 42 107 176 282
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,960 195 155 1,610 1,765
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 56 29 25 3 28
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,599 80 421 2,098 2,518
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,163 52 287 823 1,111
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,966 202 195 1,569 1,764
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2144 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,736 79 337 1,320 1,657
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,442 63 295 1,084 1,379
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,608 367 462 2,779 3,241
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 102 14 39 49 87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 153 25 60 68 128
Alcohol Dependence 175 11 53 111 164
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 379 27 119 233 352
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 454 40 147 267 414
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 134 24 56 55 111
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 350 26 112 212 325
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 46 68 284 352
130129

INDIANA

Table 40 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Indiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.44 10.51 20.25 6.10 8.20
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.89 12.49 27.88 6.41 9.59
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.00 7.37 16.25 4.03 5.84
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.06 5.20 9.32 2.99 3.93
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.17 1.42 6.44 1.54 2.26
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.23 7.70 15.46 4.43 6.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.73 36.22 22.43 40.59 37.90
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.79 5.98 7.69 0.11 1.04
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.02 14.91 61.00 52.88 54.08
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.38 9.62 41.68 20.76 23.85
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.83 37.50 28.22 39.55 37.87
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.474 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.774 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.41 14.63 48.83 33.28 35.58
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.75 11.76 42.83 27.31 29.61
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.43 67.96 67.00 70.05 69.60
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.96 2.65 5.63 1.22 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.94 4.63 8.74 1.70 2.74
Alcohol Dependence 3.37 2.06 7.69 2.80 3.52
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.29 4.95 17.20 5.88 7.56
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.74 7.43 21.35 6.73 8.89
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.58 4.38 8.12 1.38 2.37
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.74 4.78 16.31 5.35 6.97
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.45 9.84 7.17 7.56
130129

IOWA

Table 41 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Iowa, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 129 20 43 67 109
Past Year Marijuana Use 181 27 68 85 154
Past Month Marijuana Use 95 14 36 45 81
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 64 9 21 34 55
Past Year Cocaine Use 44 4 20 21 41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 95 14 35 46 81
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 963 93 86 784 869
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 27 13 12 1 13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,305 43 227 1,035 1,262
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 680 27 170 484 654
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
896 93 85 718 803
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1134 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 834 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 751 36 149 566 715
Past Month Cigarette Use 620 29 127 463 591
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,764 172 230 1,361 1,591
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 38 6 15 18 32
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 52 10 20 22 42
Alcohol Dependence 97 6 29 62 91
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 228 18 70 140 210
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 252 23 76 153 229
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 47 9 19 20 39
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 218 17 68 132 200
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 20 31 122 153
130129

IOWA

Table 42 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Iowa, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5.20 7.95 12.39 3.53 4.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.28 10.80 19.86 4.54 6.89
Past Month Marijuana Use 3.82 5.53 10.41 2.40 3.63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.58 3.82 6.11 1.78 2.45
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.78 1.44 5.70 1.12 1.82
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.84 5.75 10.08 2.46 3.63
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.91 37.59 24.91 41.62 39.05
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 5.36 5.47 0.10 0.88
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.70 17.15 66.04 54.97 56.67
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 27.47 10.79 49.31 25.70 29.32
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.22 37.66 24.68 38.12 36.06
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.864 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.864 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.33 14.52 43.39 30.04 32.09
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.04 11.77 37.06 24.61 26.52
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.27 69.52 66.84 72.30 71.46
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.53 2.30 4.28 0.93 1.45
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.11 3.99 5.91 1.17 1.90
Alcohol Dependence 3.91 2.57 8.30 3.30 4.06
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.20 7.22 20.33 7.44 9.42
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.17 9.19 22.10 8.14 10.28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.91 3.56 5.52 1.04 1.73
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.78 6.99 19.71 7.03 8.98
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.92 8.92 6.51 6.88
130129

KANSAS

Table 43 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 165 23 55 88 142
Past Year Marijuana Use 217 29 89 99 188
Past Month Marijuana Use 126 16 47 63 110
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 83 12 26 44 70
Past Year Cocaine Use 50 4 22 25 46
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 108 18 37 54 91
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 888 94 77 717 794
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 22 11 11 1 12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,181 42 214 925 1,139
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 573 27 158 388 547
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
872 89 79 704 783
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1124 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 814 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 719 36 158 525 683
Past Month Cigarette Use 579 28 131 421 552
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,585 160 210 1,214 1,424
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 36 6 15 16 31
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 52 11 21 20 41
Alcohol Dependence 86 6 29 52 80
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 192 16 65 111 176
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 217 21 73 123 196
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 43 9 18 16 34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 182 15 64 103 168
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 22 28 108 136
130129

KANSAS

Table 44 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.32 9.58 16.97 5.17 7.06
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.66 12.47 27.48 5.87 9.33
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.58 6.88 14.44 3.72 5.43
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.68 5.28 8.16 2.60 3.49
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.23 1.73 6.71 1.45 2.29
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.82 7.46 11.43 3.19 4.51
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.46 39.94 23.85 42.37 39.41
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.53 4.83 6.08 0.11 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.47 17.99 66.52 54.60 56.51
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.47 11.32 49.17 22.93 27.12
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.73 37.91 24.43 41.57 38.82
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.134 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.524 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.95 15.20 49.20 31.00 33.91
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.74 11.72 40.63 24.86 27.38
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
70.40 68.07 65.25 71.71 70.67
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.61 2.42 4.54 0.94 1.52
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.29 4.67 6.52 1.15 2.01
Alcohol Dependence 3.84 2.51 8.87 3.06 3.99
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.53 7.00 20.04 6.56 8.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.65 9.04 22.66 7.26 9.72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.91 3.97 5.62 0.92 1.67
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.11 6.30 19.93 6.11 8.32
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.18 8.65 6.40 6.76
130129

KENTUCKY

Table 45 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kentucky, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 280 35 91 154 245
Past Year Marijuana Use 349 47 117 184 302
Past Month Marijuana Use 199 24 75 100 175
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 136 17 44 75 119
Past Year Cocaine Use 73 5 30 38 68
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 219 29 70 120 190
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,494 132 110 1,252 1,362
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 36 19 15 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,451 55 250 1,146 1,396
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 738 34 174 531 704
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,444 139 134 1,172 1,306
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1414 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 964 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,293 69 245 979 1,224
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,053 55 217 781 999
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,385 216 266 1,903 2,169
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 73 9 28 36 64
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 106 17 40 49 89
Alcohol Dependence 103 6 31 65 96
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 218 17 65 136 201
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 289 28 86 175 261
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 87 15 34 39 72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 203 16 59 127 187
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 34 39 220 259
130129

KENTUCKY

Table 46 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Kentucky, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.03 10.18 21.15 5.69 7.80
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.02 13.89 27.31 6.80 9.60
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.70 7.02 17.38 3.69 5.56
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.91 5.11 10.16 2.78 3.78
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.10 1.54 6.93 1.41 2.16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.27 8.37 16.38 4.42 6.05
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.91 38.72 25.60 46.17 43.37
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.74 6.74 7.43 0.11 0.93
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 41.65 16.10 58.08 42.27 44.42
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.19 9.93 40.45 19.57 22.41
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.48 40.59 31.10 43.23 41.58
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.884 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 37.11 20.07 56.91 36.12 38.96
Past Month Cigarette Use 30.24 16.00 50.52 28.83 31.78
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
68.48 63.10 61.81 70.21 69.07
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.09 2.75 6.49 1.32 2.02
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.03 4.98 9.21 1.81 2.81
Alcohol Dependence 2.95 1.86 7.31 2.39 3.06
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.24 4.85 15.05 5.02 6.39
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.28 8.06 19.94 6.47 8.30
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.51 4.41 7.84 1.43 2.30
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.81 4.63 13.82 4.69 5.94
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.82 8.98 8.13 8.25
130129

LOUISIANA

Table 47 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Louisiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 283 36 92 155 247
Past Year Marijuana Use 349 45 123 182 305
Past Month Marijuana Use 190 21 72 97 168
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 163 21 46 97 142
Past Year Cocaine Use 88 4 31 53 84
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 218 31 67 119 186
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,586 143 155 1,288 1,442
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 36 19 15 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,745 62 303 1,380 1,683
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 851 37 197 617 814
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,553 161 199 1,193 1,392
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1574 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 944 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,132 50 226 856 1,082
Past Month Cigarette Use 941 41 198 702 900
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,538 251 360 1,926 2,286
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 73 8 26 39 65
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 107 16 38 53 91
Alcohol Dependence 117 7 33 78 111
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 258 17 74 167 241
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 324 27 95 202 296
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 98 15 36 47 83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 250 16 72 162 234
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 31 42 180 221
130129

LOUISIANA

Table 48 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Louisiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.13 9.67 18.17 5.96 7.95
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.04 11.99 24.37 6.97 9.80
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.45 5.76 14.16 3.71 5.41
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.70 5.67 9.01 3.72 4.58
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.54 1.08 6.17 2.04 2.72
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.25 8.40 13.32 4.57 6.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.55 38.52 30.65 49.44 46.38
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.65 5.54 5.77 0.11 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.16 16.78 59.89 52.99 54.12
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.45 9.87 39.03 23.68 26.18
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.59 43.19 39.28 45.82 44.75
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.404 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.034 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.54 13.49 44.80 32.86 34.80
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.05 11.11 39.13 26.96 28.94
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.89 67.57 71.26 73.97 73.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.11 2.20 5.24 1.49 2.10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.08 4.28 7.53 2.04 2.94
Alcohol Dependence 3.37 1.76 6.51 2.99 3.57
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.41 4.45 14.63 6.43 7.76
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.30 7.31 18.70 7.76 9.54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.81 4.00 7.17 1.80 2.67
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.19 4.35 14.19 6.23 7.52
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.43 8.22 6.90 7.12
130129

MAINE

Table 49 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maine, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 110 13 36 61 97
Past Year Marijuana Use 143 17 51 74 125
Past Month Marijuana Use 94 10 34 50 84
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 37 5 12 20 32
Past Year Cocaine Use 26 2 10 14 24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 51 7 18 27 44
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 360 31 18 311 329
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 5 0 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 596 19 85 493 578
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 258 11 60 187 247
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
445 37 30 378 408
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 484 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 344 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 347 14 60 272 333
Past Month Cigarette Use 307 12 55 239 294
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
817 72 85 660 745
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 22 3 9 11 19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 34 5 13 15 29
Alcohol Dependence 38 2 11 25 36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 85 6 25 54 79
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 110 10 32 69 101
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 32 5 12 14 27
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 6 24 51 75
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9 13 71 84
130129

MAINE

Table 50 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maine, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.70 12.29 28.01 6.79 9.44
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.64 16.43 39.97 8.31 12.25
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.35 9.80 26.65 5.57 8.20
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.28 4.74 9.16 2.27 3.13
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.27 1.51 8.10 1.53 2.35
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.53 6.38 13.96 2.97 4.34
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.94 29.81 14.21 34.71 32.16
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.93 6.87 10.10 0.10 1.07
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.85 17.63 66.47 55.06 56.48
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.87 10.83 46.68 20.91 24.12
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.43 34.76 23.37 42.25 39.91
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.734 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.77 13.63 47.32 30.43 32.54
Past Month Cigarette Use 27.18 11.71 42.93 26.75 28.78
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.43 68.46 66.53 73.73 72.84
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.61 6.72 1.18 1.87
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.00 5.07 10.49 1.70 2.79
Alcohol Dependence 3.37 2.10 8.26 2.82 3.50
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.56 5.72 19.53 6.07 7.75
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.79 9.31 24.77 7.71 9.83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.81 4.82 9.73 1.59 2.60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.17 5.66 18.44 5.75 7.33
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.80 9.91 7.96 8.20
130129

MARYLAND

Table 51 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maryland, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 327 42 112 173 285
Past Year Marijuana Use 450 60 180 211 390
Past Month Marijuana Use 232 28 94 110 204
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 161 21 44 97 140
Past Year Cocaine Use 109 6 34 69 103
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 199 27 64 108 172
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,844 159 142 1,542 1,685
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 48 24 22 3 24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,498 75 388 2,035 2,423
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 978 46 238 694 932
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,042 196 212 1,634 1,846
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2034 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,207 50 228 930 1,157
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,038 42 198 798 996
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,463 329 421 2,714 3,135
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 94 10 31 53 84
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 138 20 48 69 118
Alcohol Dependence 147 8 44 95 139
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 361 25 110 226 336
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 430 36 130 264 393
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 121 19 45 57 102
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 340 23 106 211 317
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 37 45 200 245
130129

MARYLAND

Table 52 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Maryland, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.06 8.86 19.05 4.83 6.85
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.71 12.48 30.48 5.90 9.39
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.00 5.86 15.91 3.08 4.90
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.48 4.34 7.45 2.70 3.38
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.36 1.35 5.80 1.92 2.47
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.29 5.74 10.80 3.02 4.13
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.74 33.25 24.16 43.19 40.49
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.74 5.63 7.35 0.12 1.03
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.84 15.64 65.89 56.98 58.24
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.08 9.58 40.34 19.44 22.41
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.03 41.04 35.96 45.76 44.37
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.314 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.234 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.02 10.44 38.62 26.03 27.82
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.38 8.77 33.57 22.35 23.95
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.66 68.68 71.46 75.99 75.35
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.03 2.13 5.20 1.49 2.01
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.98 4.22 8.22 1.94 2.83
Alcohol Dependence 3.17 1.71 7.48 2.65 3.34
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.79 5.21 18.66 6.34 8.08
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.26 7.59 21.98 7.38 9.46
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.61 3.96 7.59 1.61 2.45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.33 4.91 17.94 5.90 7.61
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.73 7.69 5.59 5.89
130129

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 53 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 531 58 187 286 473
Past Year Marijuana Use 733 83 275 375 650
Past Month Marijuana Use 430 44 168 218 385
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 223 23 71 129 200
Past Year Cocaine Use 163 8 59 96 155
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 308 32 110 166 276
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,524 140 108 1,276 1,384
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 59 29 27 3 30
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,267 95 516 2,657 3,173
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,447 60 376 1,011 1,387
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,928 175 190 1,562 1,753
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1964 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,422 67 308 1,047 1,355
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,159 49 252 858 1,111
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
4,086 364 527 3,195 3,722
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 109 14 49 47 96
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 155 25 71 59 130
Alcohol Dependence 189 9 56 124 179
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 483 30 147 306 452
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 577 46 181 349 530
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 138 24 68 46 114
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 475 30 146 299 445
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 41 59 287 346
130129

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 54 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.79 11.39 26.15 6.80 9.62
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.51 16.24 38.43 8.92 13.22
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.92 8.68 23.39 5.18 7.84
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.11 4.56 9.89 3.06 4.06
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.00 1.53 8.30 2.28 3.16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.68 6.30 15.30 3.96 5.62
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.08 27.45 15.05 30.38 28.15
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.15 7.18 9.21 0.12 1.26
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.19 18.52 72.02 63.24 64.52
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.66 11.66 52.46 24.08 28.22
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.52 34.31 26.55 37.19 35.64
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 33.174 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 24.634 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.20 13.17 42.97 24.92 27.55
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.36 9.53 35.24 20.43 22.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.27 71.28 73.50 76.06 75.69
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.02 2.65 6.82 1.12 1.95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.86 4.90 9.94 1.40 2.64
Alcohol Dependence 3.47 1.85 7.75 2.94 3.64
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.89 5.97 20.46 7.27 9.20
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.63 9.09 25.28 8.32 10.79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 4.69 9.49 1.10 2.33
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.75 5.89 20.34 7.12 9.05
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.03 8.20 6.84 7.04
130129

MICHIGAN

Table 55 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Michigan, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 772 94 246 432 678
Past Year Marijuana Use 997 121 359 517 876
Past Month Marijuana Use 586 67 202 317 519
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 322 43 100 179 279
Past Year Cocaine Use 171 10 68 93 161
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 472 68 148 256 404
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,946 299 215 2,432 2,647
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 88 45 39 4 43
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,643 143 741 3,758 4,500
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,109 85 504 1,521 2,025
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,220 327 318 2,574 2,893
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3794 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2524 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,569 118 516 1,934 2,451
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,169 95 457 1,617 2,074
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
6,089 596 737 4,757 5,494
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 166 21 59 85 144
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 237 40 88 109 197
Alcohol Dependence 308 18 88 202 289
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 684 50 209 426 635
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 807 72 247 488 735
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 205 37 81 86 167
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 646 47 199 399 599
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 72 101 441 542
130129

MICHIGAN

Table 56 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Michigan, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.21 10.55 22.50 6.74 9.05
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.90 13.66 32.78 8.08 11.69
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.99 7.55 18.45 4.95 6.93
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.85 4.84 9.13 2.80 3.73
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.04 1.16 6.18 1.46 2.15
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.63 7.61 13.52 4.00 5.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.14 33.66 19.68 37.99 35.31
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.91 5.78 7.87 0.12 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.37 16.14 67.71 58.71 60.03
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.16 9.55 45.99 23.76 27.01
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.40 36.87 29.07 40.22 38.59
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.884 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.184 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.63 13.24 47.16 30.22 32.70
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.87 10.73 41.74 25.25 27.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.62 67.08 67.28 74.31 73.28
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.98 2.41 5.43 1.33 1.93
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.83 4.53 8.01 1.71 2.63
Alcohol Dependence 3.67 2.04 7.99 3.15 3.86
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.16 5.58 19.05 6.66 8.47
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.63 8.12 22.58 7.62 9.81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.44 4.19 7.44 1.34 2.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.70 5.32 18.20 6.24 7.99
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.15 9.20 6.89 7.23
130129

MINNESOTA

Table 57 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Minnesota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 356 42 123 190 313
Past Year Marijuana Use 484 56 180 248 429
Past Month Marijuana Use 312 31 114 166 280
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 138 20 44 74 118
Past Year Cocaine Use 97 8 35 54 89
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 186 26 66 94 161
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,399 149 102 1,148 1,250
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 43 22 19 2 21
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,609 75 425 2,108 2,533
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,235 52 306 877 1,183
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,496 155 146 1,195 1,341
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1854 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,318 63 294 961 1,255
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,086 51 259 777 1,036
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,094 301 394 2,399 2,793
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 75 12 31 33 64
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 111 20 45 46 92
Alcohol Dependence 161 10 45 105 150
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 405 31 130 245 375
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 451 40 145 266 411
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 100 17 41 41 83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 389 29 126 234 359
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 39 45 198 243
130129

MINNESOTA

Table 58 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Minnesota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.28 9.67 21.12 5.81 8.12
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.28 12.74 30.94 7.58 11.11
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.26 7.20 19.55 5.07 7.26
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.21 4.55 7.54 2.27 3.06
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.25 1.74 5.99 1.66 2.31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.34 5.84 11.40 2.88 4.17
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.55 34.02 17.55 35.03 32.39
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.82 5.48 7.19 0.12 1.12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.72 17.23 72.88 64.36 65.64
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.74 11.84 52.48 26.77 30.66
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
34.82 35.44 25.13 36.47 34.75
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.534 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.934 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.68 14.45 50.45 29.33 32.52
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.29 11.60 44.44 23.71 26.84
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.02 68.91 67.51 73.23 72.37
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.76 2.67 5.26 1.01 1.65
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.59 4.51 7.79 1.41 2.37
Alcohol Dependence 3.74 2.40 7.66 3.22 3.89
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.44 7.00 22.24 7.48 9.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.51 9.22 24.85 8.13 10.66
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.32 3.93 7.07 1.27 2.14
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.05 6.65 21.60 7.13 9.32
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.88 7.74 6.04 6.30
130129

MISSISSIPPI

Table 59 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Mississippi, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 168 20 56 92 147
Past Year Marijuana Use 183 24 67 91 158
Past Month Marijuana Use 110 12 40 57 97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 89 12 27 50 77
Past Year Cocaine Use 38 2 12 24 36
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 99 14 35 50 85
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,207 117 111 978 1,089
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 22 11 10 1 11
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 871 32 160 679 839
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 439 19 106 315 421
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,119 120 135 863 998
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 904 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 624 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 766 31 146 588 735
Past Month Cigarette Use 620 24 124 472 596
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,684 170 227 1,287 1,514
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 43 5 16 22 38
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 67 10 24 33 57
Alcohol Dependence 67 4 24 40 64
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 149 10 47 92 139
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 185 16 60 109 170
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 57 9 22 26 48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 142 10 45 88 133
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 19 23 96 119
130129

MISSISSIPPI

Table 60 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Mississippi, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.12 7.73 16.85 5.22 7.04
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.75 9.35 20.29 5.19 7.56
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.65 4.73 12.05 3.27 4.64
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.79 4.47 8.31 2.84 3.70
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.62 0.82 3.76 1.35 1.72
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.21 5.55 10.54 2.84 4.05
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 51.45 45.19 33.53 55.70 52.23
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.26 4.19 4.57 0.11 0.75
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 37.10 12.26 48.28 38.67 40.18
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 18.70 7.16 31.99 17.93 20.13
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.68 46.37 40.81 49.15 47.84
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 22.084 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.214 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.63 12.13 44.19 33.50 35.18
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.40 9.34 37.45 26.86 28.52
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.76 65.43 68.71 73.25 72.54
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.82 2.02 4.88 1.23 1.80
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.83 3.85 7.21 1.86 2.70
Alcohol Dependence 2.87 1.47 7.26 2.26 3.04
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.35 3.88 14.36 5.22 6.65
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.88 6.05 18.20 6.23 8.10
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.42 3.60 6.67 1.46 2.28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.06 3.82 13.49 5.01 6.34
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.50 7.01 5.46 5.70
130129

MISSOURI

Table 61 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Missouri, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 389 47 121 222 342
Past Year Marijuana Use 485 62 157 266 423
Past Month Marijuana Use 267 32 90 145 235
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 200 26 62 112 175
Past Year Cocaine Use 105 8 38 59 97
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 245 36 79 130 209
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,843 175 141 1,526 1,668
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 47 24 21 2 24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,441 81 405 1,955 2,360
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,177 51 285 842 1,127
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,903 176 170 1,557 1,727
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2274 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1564 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,628 70 301 1,256 1,558
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,415 59 265 1,091 1,356
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,348 332 405 2,611 3,016
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 85 12 31 42 73
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 135 22 51 63 114
Alcohol Dependence 171 10 47 113 160
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 387 29 121 237 358
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 465 41 147 277 425
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 123 19 48 56 104
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 367 27 114 226 339
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 46 56 282 338
130129

MISSOURI

Table 62 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Missouri, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.06 9.57 19.06 5.99 7.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.05 12.56 24.80 7.20 9.76
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.53 6.42 14.19 3.93 5.43
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.15 5.20 9.85 3.04 4.03
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.18 1.59 6.08 1.59 2.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.08 7.33 12.44 3.52 4.82
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.17 35.48 22.34 41.23 38.48
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.58 5.17 6.28 0.11 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.55 16.35 63.89 52.83 54.44
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.38 10.30 44.94 22.75 25.98
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.42 35.67 26.87 42.06 39.85
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.654 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.374 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.71 14.10 47.62 33.95 35.94
Past Month Cigarette Use 29.30 11.92 41.84 29.48 31.28
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.35 67.12 64.02 70.55 69.60
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.76 2.47 4.87 1.14 1.68
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.80 4.35 7.99 1.71 2.63
Alcohol Dependence 3.53 2.12 7.43 3.05 3.69
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.02 5.83 19.13 6.41 8.27
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.63 8.21 23.24 7.50 9.79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 3.94 7.50 1.52 2.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.59 5.48 17.99 6.09 7.83
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.24 8.83 7.61 7.79
130129

MONTANA

Table 63 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Montana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 83 10 26 47 73
Past Year Marijuana Use 100 13 38 49 87
Past Month Marijuana Use 69 7 23 39 62
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 31 4 10 17 26
Past Year Cocaine Use 19 1 9 9 18
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 44 7 15 22 37
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 262 26 18 218 237
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 8 4 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 441 15 71 355 426
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 214 10 57 148 204
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
309 26 29 254 283
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 374 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 284 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 245 13 53 179 232
Past Month Cigarette Use 188 10 42 137 179
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
593 53 74 466 540
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 16 2 6 8 14
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 24 4 10 10 20
Alcohol Dependence 34 2 10 21 31
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 77 6 25 45 70
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 86 8 28 49 77
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 23 4 10 9 19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 71 6 24 42 66
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7 9 41 51
130129

MONTANA

Table 64 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Montana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.39 12.28 24.91 7.65 10.18
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.48 16.32 36.07 7.94 12.06
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.70 9.40 21.94 6.34 8.63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.86 5.45 9.24 2.73 3.68
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.35 1.43 8.09 1.48 2.45
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.52 8.68 14.34 3.61 5.18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.97 32.33 17.41 35.72 33.04
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.96 6.53 8.31 0.11 1.12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.46 18.77 67.59 58.09 59.48
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.90 12.57 53.66 24.15 28.47
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.83 33.24 27.10 41.56 39.44
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 23.844 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.81 16.63 49.94 29.34 32.36
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.67 12.11 39.50 22.43 24.93
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.53 67.45 69.79 76.25 75.31
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.00 2.67 5.92 1.24 1.92
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.05 5.23 9.50 1.67 2.82
Alcohol Dependence 4.21 2.67 9.86 3.44 4.38
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.65 8.17 24.09 7.37 9.82
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.75 10.73 26.38 8.07 10.75
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.86 4.84 9.08 1.54 2.64
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.97 7.56 22.37 6.85 9.13
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.93 8.92 6.74 7.06
130129

NEBRASKA

Table 65 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nebraska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 96 12 35 49 84
Past Year Marijuana Use 126 16 52 58 110
Past Month Marijuana Use 73 8 29 36 64
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 47 6 16 25 41
Past Year Cocaine Use 28 2 12 14 26
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 54 8 21 26 47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 627 61 55 511 566
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 7 7 1 8
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 773 27 142 604 746
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 352 16 95 240 335
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
543 55 54 434 488
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 504 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 426 19 94 313 407
Past Month Cigarette Use 362 16 82 264 346
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,029 104 137 788 925
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 25 3 10 11 22
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 33 6 14 13 27
Alcohol Dependence 50 3 17 30 47
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 129 10 43 76 119
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 140 12 48 80 128
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 30 5 13 12 25
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 121 9 40 72 112
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 11 16 66 82
130129

NEBRASKA

Table 66 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nebraska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.61 8.11 16.75 4.50 6.44
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.65 10.51 24.93 5.32 8.44
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.01 5.57 13.66 3.31 4.95
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.24 4.06 7.56 2.31 3.15
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.92 1.24 5.83 1.27 1.99
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.74 5.06 9.88 2.40 3.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.46 40.71 26.30 47.07 43.77
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.43 4.66 5.59 0.10 0.89
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.52 18.08 67.79 55.62 57.55
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.32 10.98 45.36 22.15 25.84
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.66 36.98 25.80 39.99 37.73
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.274 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.684 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.51 13.04 45.02 28.81 31.38
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.04 10.79 39.26 24.28 26.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.28 69.82 65.43 72.58 71.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.70 2.08 5.02 1.03 1.66
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.26 3.81 6.55 1.23 2.08
Alcohol Dependence 3.46 2.07 8.33 2.72 3.61
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.87 6.53 20.56 6.98 9.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.69 8.07 22.99 7.40 9.88
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.08 3.49 6.09 1.13 1.92
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.38 6.11 19.36 6.61 8.64
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.52 7.61 6.06 6.30
130129

NEVADA

Table 67 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nevada, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 182 22 46 115 161
Past Year Marijuana Use 210 29 61 120 180
Past Month Marijuana Use 121 15 35 72 107
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 85 11 22 52 74
Past Year Cocaine Use 48 4 16 27 43
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 129 18 38 73 111
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 751 71 63 617 680
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 17 9 6 1 8
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,082 32 147 904 1,050
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 498 21 98 379 477
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
881 81 85 715 800
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 794 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 609 25 101 484 584
Past Month Cigarette Use 546 21 90 435 525
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,494 148 173 1,173 1,346
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 37 5 14 18 32
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 57 10 19 28 47
Alcohol Dependence 70 4 18 48 66
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 166 13 43 109 152
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 192 19 52 121 173
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 51 9 17 25 42
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 159 13 41 106 147
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 18 24 123 147
130129

NEVADA

Table 68 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Nevada, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.84 10.25 18.83 7.13 8.67
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.16 13.82 24.97 7.43 9.75
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.89 7.05 14.23 4.46 5.76
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.11 5.10 9.20 3.21 4.00
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.31 2.06 6.62 1.69 2.34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.24 8.32 15.61 4.54 6.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.39 33.75 26.00 38.32 36.69
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.56 5.54 5.45 0.14 0.81
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.41 15.00 60.08 56.16 56.68
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.11 9.84 40.05 23.56 25.73
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.69 38.37 35.06 44.41 43.18
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.334 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.144 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.52 11.85 41.29 30.05 31.53
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.47 10.05 36.86 27.04 28.34
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.39 70.03 70.96 72.91 72.65
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.80 2.51 5.60 1.13 1.72
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.76 4.89 7.87 1.71 2.52
Alcohol Dependence 3.42 2.04 7.46 2.98 3.57
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.03 6.32 17.58 6.80 8.23
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.29 8.82 21.31 7.53 9.35
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.49 4.47 6.97 1.55 2.26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.72 6.07 16.68 6.58 7.91
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.31 9.74 7.65 7.92
130129

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 69 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 109 12 38 59 97
Past Year Marijuana Use 154 18 55 81 137
Past Month Marijuana Use 92 10 35 47 82
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 39 5 13 21 34
Past Year Cocaine Use 29 2 12 15 27
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 54 7 19 27 47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 293 28 16 249 265
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 6 5 1 6
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 689 20 99 570 669
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 285 13 72 200 272
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
371 35 28 308 336
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 574 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 300 14 62 223 286
Past Month Cigarette Use 256 11 55 191 245
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
827 75 92 661 752
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 22 3 9 11 19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 32 5 12 14 27
Alcohol Dependence 39 2 12 24 37
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 94 7 30 57 87
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 110 10 35 66 101
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 29 5 12 12 24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 88 7 28 53 81
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 10 12 71 84
130129

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 70 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.81 10.94 28.04 6.85 9.68
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.84 15.79 41.04 9.38 13.62
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.24 8.64 25.93 5.46 8.20
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.52 4.42 9.75 2.45 3.43
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.60 1.72 9.10 1.71 2.70
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.83 6.46 14.51 3.13 4.65
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 26.32 24.92 12.09 28.70 26.47
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.30 6.32 10.77 0.13 1.41
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.88 18.04 73.74 65.67 66.76
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.58 11.80 53.90 22.98 27.11
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
33.31 31.69 20.67 35.46 33.49
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 33.754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 24.374 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.91 12.61 46.53 25.72 28.50
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.03 9.94 40.70 21.98 24.49
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.24 67.15 68.28 76.07 75.03
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.01 2.67 6.42 1.24 1.93
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.88 4.72 9.27 1.66 2.68
Alcohol Dependence 3.51 2.14 9.14 2.81 3.66
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.43 6.27 22.17 6.59 8.68
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.92 8.80 25.75 7.62 10.04
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.57 4.49 8.84 1.35 2.35
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.88 6.00 20.86 6.12 8.09
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.20 9.31 8.19 8.34
130129

NEW JERSEY

Table 71 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Jersey, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 473 61 148 264 412
Past Year Marijuana Use 664 89 231 344 576
Past Month Marijuana Use 340 42 127 171 298
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 217 28 59 130 189
Past Year Cocaine Use 137 10 48 80 128
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 259 37 80 142 222
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,920 249 205 2,465 2,670
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 66 36 26 3 30
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,987 131 561 3,295 3,857
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,662 88 373 1,201 1,574
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,208 296 302 2,610 2,912
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3024 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2074 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,883 84 362 1,437 1,799
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,587 66 316 1,205 1,521
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,608 508 640 4,460 5,100
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 114 15 39 59 98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 167 30 62 75 137
Alcohol Dependence 214 14 55 145 200
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 474 38 136 301 437
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 551 50 164 337 501
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 138 26 56 56 112
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 454 36 133 285 418
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 57 61 311 373
130129

NEW JERSEY

Table 72 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Jersey, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.54 8.40 17.38 4.66 6.34
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.18 12.19 27.17 6.08 8.85
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.70 5.77 14.85 3.03 4.58
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.00 3.87 6.97 2.29 2.90
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.90 1.31 5.61 1.41 1.97
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.57 5.10 9.37 2.50 3.40
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.31 34.25 24.08 43.54 40.99
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.37 5.29 5.83 0.10 0.73
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.06 17.99 65.85 58.20 59.21
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.96 12.17 43.77 21.21 24.16
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.30 40.76 35.47 46.09 44.70
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.134 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.01 11.56 42.44 25.38 27.62
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.93 9.12 37.07 21.28 23.36
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.45 69.85 75.12 78.77 78.30
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.57 2.13 4.59 1.05 1.51
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.30 4.14 7.23 1.32 2.10
Alcohol Dependence 2.95 1.87 6.44 2.56 3.07
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.55 5.16 15.94 5.31 6.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.62 6.92 19.21 5.96 7.70
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.91 3.62 6.52 0.99 1.71
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.27 4.96 15.60 5.03 6.41
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.86 7.18 5.50 5.72
130129

NEW MEXICO

Table 73 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Mexico, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 153 21 54 79 132
Past Year Marijuana Use 181 28 71 82 153
Past Month Marijuana Use 112 15 43 54 97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 63 9 21 33 54
Past Year Cocaine Use 45 4 17 23 41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 98 15 27 55 82
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 628 54 55 519 574
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 16 9 6 1 7
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 711 29 134 548 682
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 335 16 91 228 318
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
761 69 83 609 692
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 484 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 456 26 107 324 431
Past Month Cigarette Use 378 20 94 264 357
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,192 115 161 916 1,077
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 33 5 13 15 28
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 51 9 19 23 42
Alcohol Dependence 61 4 18 39 57
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 128 11 41 76 117
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 157 16 50 92 141
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 47 9 18 20 38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 123 11 40 73 112
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 16 19 78 97
130129

NEW MEXICO

Table 74 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New Mexico, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.57 12.27 23.62 6.55 9.25
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.29 16.17 31.43 6.81 10.70
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.03 8.73 19.06 4.53 6.82
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.94 5.44 9.05 2.76 3.75
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.78 2.14 7.71 1.95 2.86
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.11 8.97 12.11 4.57 5.77
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.30 31.25 24.13 43.31 40.28
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.98 7.57 8.07 0.10 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 44.51 16.80 59.26 45.72 47.86
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.93 9.56 39.97 18.98 22.30
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
47.63 40.00 36.79 50.76 48.55
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.594 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.55 15.02 47.07 27.02 30.19
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.62 11.78 41.43 21.98 25.05
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.60 66.79 71.11 76.37 75.54
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.09 3.06 5.95 1.23 1.97
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.17 5.27 8.42 1.88 2.92
Alcohol Dependence 3.84 2.55 8.00 3.25 4.00
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.99 6.54 18.01 6.32 8.17
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.84 9.37 21.91 7.65 9.90
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.92 4.98 7.91 1.69 2.68
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.70 6.29 17.53 6.06 7.87
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.02 8.19 6.50 6.77
130129

NEW YORK

Table 75 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New York, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,470 154 486 830 1,316
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,897 220 690 986 1,677
Past Month Marijuana Use 1,124 117 437 570 1,007
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 580 62 159 360 519
Past Year Cocaine Use 448 21 154 274 427
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 668 83 218 367 585
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,164 497 517 5,150 5,668
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 162 80 74 8 82
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 8,894 300 1,417 7,177 8,594
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,751 170 927 2,654 3,581
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,893 633 711 5,549 6,260
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 7944 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 4994 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 4,113 163 829 3,120 3,949
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,630 130 734 2,767 3,501
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
12,600 1,139 1,627 9,834 11,462
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 350 33 128 189 317
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 500 65 189 246 435
Alcohol Dependence 526 26 161 338 500
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,079 74 342 663 1,005
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,349 112 435 802 1,237
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 434 62 176 196 372
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,019 73 328 618 946
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 114 166 723 889
130129

NEW YORK

Table 76 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in New York, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.10 9.77 22.31 6.69 9.03
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.74 13.93 31.68 7.95 11.50
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.96 7.43 20.06 4.60 6.91
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.59 3.91 7.29 2.90 3.56
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.77 1.32 7.06 2.21 2.93
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.14 5.24 10.00 2.96 4.02
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.15 31.44 23.75 41.54 38.88
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.66 5.76 6.76 0.11 0.97
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.05 19.00 65.03 57.89 58.96
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.22 10.78 42.55 21.41 24.57
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.66 40.09 32.61 44.76 42.94
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.154 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.204 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.45 10.35 38.05 25.17 27.09
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.47 8.21 33.68 22.32 24.02
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.99 72.07 74.67 79.32 78.63
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.17 2.11 5.85 1.53 2.18
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.10 4.13 8.66 1.99 2.99
Alcohol Dependence 3.25 1.65 7.40 2.73 3.43
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.68 4.65 15.71 5.35 6.90
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.35 7.11 19.94 6.47 8.49
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.69 3.91 8.10 1.58 2.56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.31 4.60 15.06 4.98 6.49
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.22 7.61 5.83 6.10
130129

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 77 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 526 67 165 293 458
Past Year Marijuana Use 675 86 234 355 589
Past Month Marijuana Use 387 45 140 201 342
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 260 34 76 150 226
Past Year Cocaine Use 178 9 62 106 168
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 342 49 113 181 293
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,037 245 227 2,564 2,792
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 66 36 27 4 31
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,109 103 486 2,521 3,006
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,495 61 336 1,098 1,435
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,317 292 299 2,725 3,024
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2884 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1874 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,262 98 398 1,766 2,164
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,888 80 354 1,453 1,808
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
5,419 511 637 4,271 4,908
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 145 17 55 73 128
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 205 31 76 98 174
Alcohol Dependence 209 12 58 140 197
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 472 31 140 302 441
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 593 50 180 364 543
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 187 29 73 85 158
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 456 30 136 290 426
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 62 69 369 438
130129

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 78 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.21 9.24 18.21 5.18 6.98
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.25 11.82 25.79 6.26 8.96
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.31 6.22 15.46 3.56 5.21
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.56 4.62 8.34 2.65 3.44
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.43 1.27 6.84 1.88 2.56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.69 6.71 12.43 3.19 4.47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.60 33.65 25.07 45.27 42.48
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.42 5.33 5.50 0.11 0.78
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42.59 14.13 53.54 44.50 45.75
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.49 8.32 37.06 19.39 21.84
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.43 40.13 32.98 48.11 46.02
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.064 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.254 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.99 13.41 43.85 31.18 32.94
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.86 10.96 39.04 25.66 27.52
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.24 70.13 70.26 75.40 74.69
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.99 2.28 6.09 1.29 1.95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 4.27 8.38 1.73 2.65
Alcohol Dependence 2.87 1.65 6.34 2.47 3.01
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.47 4.22 15.38 5.32 6.72
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.12 6.80 19.81 6.42 8.27
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.56 3.96 8.02 1.50 2.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.25 4.13 14.99 5.12 6.48
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.51 7.63 6.51 6.67
130129

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 79 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 33 4 13 16 29
Past Year Marijuana Use 45 6 20 19 39
Past Month Marijuana Use 26 3 11 13 24
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 14 2 5 6 12
Past Year Cocaine Use 9 1 4 4 8
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 22 3 9 10 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 208 19 23 167 189
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 2 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 320 11 67 243 309
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 170 6 51 112 164
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
186 17 21 148 169
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 354 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 264 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 161 8 42 111 154
Past Month Cigarette Use 134 6 35 92 127
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
367 35 59 273 332
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 8 1 4 4 7
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 12 2 5 4 9
Alcohol Dependence 19 1 7 11 18
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 53 4 20 29 49
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 58 5 22 31 53
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 10 2 5 3 8
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 50 4 19 27 46
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 4 8 27 36
130129

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 80 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in North Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.15 7.45 14.17 4.18 6.01
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.53 11.48 23.02 4.86 8.21
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.97 5.02 11.86 3.42 4.97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.58 3.78 5.91 1.67 2.45
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.72 1.32 4.73 1.10 1.77
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.12 6.56 9.61 2.55 3.86
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.41 36.82 25.45 42.91 39.68
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.66 5.21 6.10 0.09 1.10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.59 21.21 75.40 62.39 64.79
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 32.12 12.25 57.90 28.87 34.24
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.23 33.43 24.11 38.00 35.42
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 39.874 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 29.564 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.53 15.30 47.67 28.65 32.16
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.26 12.43 40.03 23.60 26.62
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
69.41 68.83 66.17 70.23 69.48
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.60 2.39 4.20 0.91 1.51
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.18 4.09 6.00 1.06 1.97
Alcohol Dependence 3.67 2.24 8.30 2.81 3.82
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.05 7.92 22.67 7.48 10.28
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.92 9.88 24.44 8.00 11.03
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.85 3.38 5.31 0.87 1.69
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.43 6.87 21.45 7.05 9.71
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.53 9.54 6.98 7.45
130129

OHIO

Table 81 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Ohio, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 749 94 250 404 654
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,017 139 363 516 879
Past Month Marijuana Use 574 71 213 289 502
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 329 45 105 179 284
Past Year Cocaine Use 240 14 90 135 226
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 529 74 188 267 455
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,707 338 293 3,076 3,369
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 103 55 43 5 48
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,869 175 811 3,883 4,694
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,406 107 578 1,721 2,299
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,656 357 349 2,950 3,299
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4534 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3184 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,256 159 637 2,459 3,096
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,755 125 557 2,073 2,630
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
6,561 658 807 5,095 5,903
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 197 22 77 98 175
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 301 46 113 143 256
Alcohol Dependence 327 18 97 212 308
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 772 55 233 484 717
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 958 85 285 588 873
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 260 43 108 109 217
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 720 54 219 447 666
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 78 104 493 597
130129

OHIO

Table 82 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Ohio, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.87 9.71 20.36 5.53 7.66
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.70 14.27 29.60 7.05 10.29
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.03 7.35 17.39 3.95 5.88
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.46 4.63 8.55 2.44 3.32
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.52 1.45 7.36 1.85 2.64
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.56 7.61 15.30 3.65 5.32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.96 34.79 23.92 42.05 39.44
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 6.47 7.00 0.12 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.18 18.05 66.12 53.08 54.95
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.29 11.06 47.14 23.52 26.92
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.42 36.72 28.45 40.33 38.62
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.534 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 34.22 16.40 51.96 33.61 36.25
Past Month Cigarette Use 28.96 12.89 45.37 28.34 30.79
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
68.96 67.71 65.80 69.66 69.10
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.07 2.28 6.30 1.33 2.05
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.17 4.71 9.20 1.95 2.99
Alcohol Dependence 3.43 1.86 7.88 2.90 3.61
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.11 5.66 18.99 6.61 8.39
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.07 8.70 23.24 8.04 10.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.73 4.43 8.76 1.50 2.54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.57 5.51 17.83 6.11 7.80
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.03 8.51 6.74 6.99
130129

OKLAHOMA

Table 83 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 250 30 71 149 220
Past Year Marijuana Use 249 35 85 129 215
Past Month Marijuana Use 152 19 51 82 133
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 132 17 39 76 115
Past Year Cocaine Use 54 4 22 28 50
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 203 30 61 112 173
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,244 111 112 1,022 1,134
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 27 14 12 1 14
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,242 43 227 971 1,199
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 618 25 155 437 592
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,277 119 140 1,018 1,158
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1074 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 734 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,058 49 199 810 1,009
Past Month Cigarette Use 894 40 172 683 855
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,005 194 275 1,536 1,811
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 57 8 21 29 49
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 79 14 28 38 65
Alcohol Dependence 99 6 29 63 92
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 202 14 66 123 188
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 247 22 80 145 225
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 72 13 25 34 59
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 191 13 63 115 178
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 26 39 178 217
130129

OKLAHOMA

Table 84 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.56 9.98 17.34 6.74 8.40
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.56 11.66 20.69 5.88 8.20
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.20 6.21 12.52 3.71 5.09
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.52 5.66 9.45 3.45 4.39
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.85 1.45 5.33 1.26 1.90
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.96 9.89 14.97 5.08 6.63
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.72 36.89 27.24 46.39 43.39
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.48 5.07 5.46 0.11 0.86
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42.64 14.49 55.36 44.09 45.86
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.20 8.38 37.76 19.86 22.66
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.84 39.75 34.14 46.21 44.31
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 36.31 16.25 48.34 36.79 38.60
Past Month Cigarette Use 30.69 13.21 41.79 31.00 32.69
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
68.82 64.62 66.93 69.74 69.30
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.95 2.55 5.02 1.30 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.71 4.60 6.72 1.71 2.49
Alcohol Dependence 3.38 2.10 7.03 2.87 3.53
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.93 4.66 15.96 5.56 7.19
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.48 7.36 19.40 6.60 8.61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.45 4.24 6.12 1.53 2.25
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.56 4.43 15.30 5.23 6.80
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.69 9.52 8.09 8.31
130129

OREGON

Table 85 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oregon, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 317 33 84 200 283
Past Year Marijuana Use 410 48 131 231 362
Past Month Marijuana Use 234 23 71 139 210
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 133 17 37 79 116
Past Year Cocaine Use 74 6 26 42 68
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 167 22 58 87 146
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 904 87 68 749 817
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 17 14 2 16
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,746 52 237 1,457 1,694
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 676 29 158 489 647
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,204 108 117 979 1,095
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1424 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 924 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 859 40 153 666 819
Past Month Cigarette Use 713 29 131 553 685
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,337 203 274 1,860 2,134
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 60 8 21 30 52
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 86 14 31 41 72
Alcohol Dependence 96 6 28 62 90
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 211 16 61 134 195
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 261 23 76 162 238
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 74 12 29 32 61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 201 15 58 128 186
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 24 35 151 186
130129

OREGON

Table 86 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Oregon, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.15 11.23 21.65 8.19 10.03
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.12 16.09 33.79 9.48 12.81
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.49 7.81 18.43 5.71 7.45
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.25 5.63 9.51 3.24 4.10
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.36 1.95 6.64 1.73 2.40
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.35 7.25 15.10 3.57 5.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.96 29.23 17.60 30.73 28.94
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.00 6.73 8.07 0.13 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.95 17.54 61.10 59.81 59.99
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.66 9.82 40.74 20.08 22.91
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.58 36.48 30.11 40.17 38.80
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.974 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.52 13.50 39.49 27.32 28.99
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.86 9.69 33.86 22.71 24.24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
74.88 68.29 70.89 76.32 75.57
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.92 2.71 5.55 1.25 1.84
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.74 4.58 8.11 1.66 2.55
Alcohol Dependence 3.08 1.89 7.26 2.56 3.20
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.76 5.32 15.75 5.50 6.91
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.35 7.79 19.60 6.63 8.41
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.37 4.19 7.52 1.33 2.17
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.45 5.06 15.09 5.25 6.60
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.99 8.97 6.20 6.58
130129

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 87 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 763 95 250 418 668
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,015 136 378 501 879
Past Month Marijuana Use 559 70 210 279 489
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 337 44 105 189 294
Past Year Cocaine Use 213 14 80 120 200
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 445 64 148 232 381
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,066 356 285 3,425 3,710
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 104 52 48 5 52
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 5,553 174 847 4,532 5,379
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,525 106 615 1,803 2,419
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,961 373 375 3,213 3,588
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,211 154 606 2,451 3,057
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,669 128 515 2,027 2,541
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
7,575 698 914 5,963 6,877
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 176 23 71 82 153
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 244 42 101 102 202
Alcohol Dependence 304 17 103 185 287
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 706 50 234 422 656
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 846 74 283 488 772
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 212 38 91 83 174
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 669 49 220 401 621
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 82 115 506 621
130129

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 88 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.31 9.29 18.90 5.16 7.10
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.73 13.32 28.53 6.19 9.34
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.36 6.91 15.86 3.44 5.19
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.23 4.30 7.90 2.33 3.12
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.04 1.34 6.02 1.48 2.12
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.26 6.30 11.21 2.87 4.04
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.93 34.96 21.50 42.29 39.36
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.59 5.72 6.71 0.10 0.92
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.18 17.12 63.91 55.96 57.08
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.18 10.45 46.46 22.26 25.67
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.93 36.67 28.28 39.67 38.07
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.064 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.754 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.75 15.10 45.74 30.26 32.44
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.56 12.57 38.84 25.02 26.97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.54 68.51 69.01 73.62 72.97
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.69 2.28 5.34 1.02 1.63
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.34 4.13 7.59 1.25 2.15
Alcohol Dependence 2.91 1.65 7.75 2.28 3.05
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.76 4.91 17.65 5.21 6.96
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.11 7.29 21.39 6.03 8.19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.03 3.75 6.88 1.02 1.85
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.41 4.76 16.63 4.95 6.59
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.02 8.69 6.24 6.59
130129

RHODE ISLAND

Table 89 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 112 11 41 60 101
Past Year Marijuana Use 145 16 56 73 129
Past Month Marijuana Use 94 8 38 47 85
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 50 5 16 29 45
Past Year Cocaine Use 37 2 12 22 35
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 54 5 21 28 49
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 277 23 20 234 254
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 5 5 0 6
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 564 18 95 450 546
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 251 10 66 175 241
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
342 31 35 276 311
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 524 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 364 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 268 12 61 195 256
Past Month Cigarette Use 228 10 53 164 218
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
686 59 94 533 627
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 23 2 10 10 21
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 37 5 16 16 33
Alcohol Dependence 35 2 9 24 33
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 76 5 24 48 72
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 101 8 34 60 94
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 33 4 16 13 29
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 75 5 24 46 70
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 6 11 48 59
130129

RHODE ISLAND

Table 90 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 12.54 12.80 32.37 8.82 12.51
Past Year Marijuana Use 16.20 18.48 44.43 10.67 15.96
Past Month Marijuana Use 10.44 9.77 30.02 6.89 10.51
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.55 5.78 12.73 4.18 5.52
Past Year Cocaine Use 4.09 2.00 9.84 3.28 4.31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.08 6.40 16.19 4.17 6.05
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 30.92 27.09 15.54 34.26 31.32
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.43 7.59 10.87 0.12 1.50
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 62.99 21.62 75.13 65.90 67.35
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.04 12.26 51.90 25.58 29.70
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.21 36.63 27.64 40.37 38.37
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 38.154 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 26.044 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.91 14.28 47.99 28.50 31.56
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.41 11.47 42.03 24.06 26.87
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
76.63 69.62 74.23 77.95 77.37
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.59 2.91 8.25 1.49 2.55
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4.14 5.29 12.98 2.35 4.01
Alcohol Dependence 3.91 2.14 7.45 3.47 4.10
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.51 5.48 18.77 6.98 8.82
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 11.30 8.83 26.49 8.79 11.56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.69 5.12 12.29 1.91 3.54
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.33 5.48 18.68 6.76 8.63
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.38 8.44 7.09 7.30
130129

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 91 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 236 31 77 128 205
Past Year Marijuana Use 311 41 111 160 271
Past Month Marijuana Use 172 19 63 90 153
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 115 16 36 63 99
Past Year Cocaine Use 74 4 26 43 69
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 167 23 59 85 144
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,489 124 120 1,245 1,364
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 17 14 2 16
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,689 53 267 1,370 1,637
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 778 29 172 577 749
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,577 151 155 1,270 1,426
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1354 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 824 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,195 51 217 927 1,144
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,047 43 196 808 1,004
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
2,585 244 317 2,025 2,341
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 69 9 23 37 60
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 116 17 38 61 99
Alcohol Dependence 126 7 32 88 119
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 273 18 76 179 254
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 337 28 96 213 309
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 104 16 37 51 88
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 264 18 73 174 247
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 31 38 185 223
130129

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 92 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.59 8.48 16.79 4.64 6.37
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.69 11.17 24.22 5.79 8.42
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.81 5.30 13.82 3.25 4.75
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.22 4.49 7.80 2.29 3.07
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.06 1.18 5.67 1.57 2.16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.67 6.41 12.91 3.08 4.48
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.58 34.23 26.20 45.10 42.41
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.44 4.99 6.12 0.10 0.84
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.19 14.53 58.33 49.65 50.88
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.72 7.88 37.64 20.90 23.29
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.06 41.70 33.97 46.04 44.32
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.304 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.314 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 33.39 13.99 47.43 33.61 35.58
Past Month Cigarette Use 29.25 11.87 42.85 29.28 31.21
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
72.22 67.21 69.27 73.37 72.79
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.93 2.37 5.01 1.36 1.88
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.23 4.64 8.26 2.21 3.07
Alcohol Dependence 3.53 1.99 6.90 3.17 3.70
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.62 5.02 16.53 6.48 7.91
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.43 7.80 21.09 7.71 9.61
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.91 4.40 8.00 1.86 2.74
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.38 4.84 15.89 6.31 7.67
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.51 8.24 6.71 6.93
130129

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 93 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 44 5 15 23 38
Past Year Marijuana Use 55 8 23 25 47
Past Month Marijuana Use 35 4 13 18 31
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 17 3 6 8 14
Past Year Cocaine Use 11 1 5 6 11
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 22 3 8 10 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 240 25 21 194 215
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 3 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 371 12 66 292 358
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 183 8 48 127 175
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
227 22 21 184 205
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 314 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 202 11 46 146 191
Past Month Cigarette Use 166 8 38 119 157
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
457 45 62 350 412
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 9 1 4 4 8
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 14 3 6 5 11
Alcohol Dependence 22 1 7 14 21
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 61 5 21 36 57
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 66 6 23 38 60
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 12 2 5 5 10
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 58 4 20 34 54
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 5 7 26 32
130129

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 94 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in South Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.79 8.21 16.69 4.75 6.63
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.50 11.43 24.74 5.07 8.16
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.39 5.77 14.20 3.70 5.35
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.56 3.84 6.26 1.70 2.41
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.21 5.47 1.14 1.82
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.36 4.95 9.11 2.07 3.18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.28 36.99 23.08 39.97 37.31
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.52 4.70 6.00 0.10 0.97
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 57.65 18.71 72.12 60.28 62.14
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.39 11.41 52.80 26.15 30.34
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.28 32.56 22.59 38.03 35.60
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.184 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.084 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.41 15.89 49.98 30.07 33.20
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.76 12.62 41.71 24.58 27.27
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.07 67.33 67.80 72.20 71.51
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.43 2.10 4.36 0.79 1.35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.16 4.00 6.42 1.11 1.95
Alcohol Dependence 3.47 2.12 7.89 2.83 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.52 6.90 22.72 7.41 9.82
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.30 8.82 24.82 7.79 10.47
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.94 3.42 5.96 0.98 1.76
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.06 6.45 21.69 7.06 9.36
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.76 7.33 5.27 5.60
130129

TENNESSEE

Table 95 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Tennessee, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 443 48 132 263 395
Past Year Marijuana Use 504 62 165 276 442
Past Month Marijuana Use 284 30 101 153 253
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 263 28 68 166 234
Past Year Cocaine Use 139 7 52 80 132
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 350 45 99 207 305
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,178 193 163 1,822 1,985
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 45 24 19 3 21
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,044 67 323 1,654 1,977
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 965 42 230 694 924
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,305 201 209 1,895 2,104
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1144 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,799 79 303 1,417 1,720
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,533 65 264 1,204 1,468
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,587 320 410 2,857 3,267
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 104 13 37 54 91
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 150 23 54 73 128
Alcohol Dependence 162 10 48 104 152
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 377 27 112 238 350
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 459 41 137 281 418
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 128 21 50 57 107
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 358 26 108 224 332
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 42 55 339 393
130129

TENNESSEE

Table 96 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Tennessee, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.79 9.72 21.28 6.71 8.69
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.99 12.57 26.67 7.04 9.71
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.63 6.12 16.25 3.89 5.58
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.21 5.71 11.02 4.23 5.15
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.76 1.49 8.31 2.05 2.90
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.94 9.01 15.94 5.27 6.72
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.24 38.83 26.26 46.47 43.72
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 5.58 5.82 0.12 0.82
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.58 13.56 52.01 42.18 43.52
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 19.15 8.38 37.04 17.69 20.32
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.77 40.52 33.73 48.32 46.34
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.034 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.674 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 35.72 15.97 48.90 36.13 37.87
Past Month Cigarette Use 30.43 12.99 42.60 30.70 32.32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
71.21 64.52 66.01 72.86 71.93
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.06 2.52 6.04 1.37 2.01
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.97 4.53 8.77 1.87 2.80
Alcohol Dependence 3.21 1.96 7.72 2.65 3.34
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.49 5.50 18.00 6.08 7.70
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.10 8.17 22.05 7.17 9.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.53 4.21 7.98 1.47 2.35
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.10 5.25 17.35 5.72 7.30
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.49 8.82 8.64 8.66
130129

TEXAS

Table 97 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Texas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,244 189 398 657 1,055
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,483 236 554 693 1,246
Past Month Marijuana Use 798 115 297 385 682
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 745 113 199 433 632
Past Year Cocaine Use 432 43 156 233 389
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 885 148 259 478 737
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 8,229 789 818 6,622 7,440
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 175 95 70 10 80
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 8,955 311 1,565 7,079 8,644
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 4,293 190 1,060 3,043 4,102
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
8,478 876 1,003 6,600 7,602
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 7704 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 5024 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 5,518 239 1,078 4,201 5,279
Past Month Cigarette Use 4,669 199 929 3,540 4,469
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
13,713 1,446 1,946 10,322 12,268
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 356 49 129 179 308
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 516 96 176 244 420
Alcohol Dependence 620 42 185 393 577
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,359 105 398 856 1,254
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,635 158 488 988 1,477
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 458 91 169 198 367
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,326 103 399 823 1,222
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 166 198 850 1,048
130129

TEXAS

Table 98 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Texas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.62 8.97 14.76 4.70 6.33
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.90 11.22 20.51 4.96 7.48
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.24 5.47 11.01 2.76 4.09
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.97 5.37 7.36 3.10 3.79
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.30 2.04 5.79 1.67 2.34
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.72 7.03 9.60 3.42 4.42
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.83 37.46 30.31 47.40 44.63
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.43 5.14 4.54 0.11 0.77
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.70 14.78 57.97 50.68 51.86
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.87 9.05 39.26 21.78 24.61
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.15 41.59 37.14 47.24 45.60
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.944 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.264 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.38 11.33 39.92 30.08 31.67
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.86 9.47 34.43 25.34 26.81
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.04 68.66 72.08 73.89 73.60
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.90 2.31 4.77 1.28 1.85
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.75 4.56 6.53 1.75 2.52
Alcohol Dependence 3.30 2.01 6.84 2.81 3.46
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.24 5.01 14.73 6.13 7.52
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.71 7.50 18.09 7.08 8.86
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.44 4.31 6.24 1.42 2.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.06 4.90 14.79 5.89 7.33
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 7.87 7.33 6.08 6.29
130129

UTAH

Table 99 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Utah, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 125 17 47 61 108
Past Year Marijuana Use 142 21 63 58 120
Past Month Marijuana Use 84 11 37 37 73
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 68 10 26 32 58
Past Year Cocaine Use 45 3 22 20 42
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 105 16 40 49 89
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 861 110 120 631 751
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 19 9 9 1 10
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 618 24 131 463 594
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 314 16 96 203 298
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,002 122 162 718 880
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 504 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 403 19 100 283 384
Past Month Cigarette Use 348 15 94 239 333
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
1,550 181 276 1,094 1,370
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 40 6 19 15 35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 57 11 26 21 46
Alcohol Dependence 67 5 23 40 63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 132 11 47 74 121
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 164 16 62 86 148
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 52 10 23 20 43
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 124 10 48 67 114
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 20 31 94 125
130129

UTAH

Table 100 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Utah, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.19 7.18 12.61 4.34 6.05
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.01 8.77 16.89 4.12 6.77
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.15 4.32 9.84 2.64 4.13
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.40 4.25 7.00 2.29 3.28
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.25 1.39 5.97 1.43 2.37
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.23 6.64 10.92 3.49 5.04
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.81 45.42 32.34 45.12 42.45
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.18 3.42 3.11 0.14 0.76
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 30.69 9.85 35.36 33.08 33.55
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 15.61 6.44 25.84 14.49 16.87
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
49.80 50.17 43.77 51.34 49.75
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 17.024 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 12.904 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 20.01 7.92 27.05 20.27 21.67
Past Month Cigarette Use 17.28 6.25 25.25 17.12 18.79
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
77.04 74.34 74.45 78.19 77.41
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.01 2.43 5.19 1.10 1.95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.83 4.43 6.88 1.49 2.61
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 1.89 6.13 2.85 3.53
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.54 4.33 12.75 5.29 6.84
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.16 6.69 16.68 6.18 8.36
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.60 4.08 6.14 1.41 2.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.17 4.16 12.88 4.76 6.45
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.39 8.41 6.72 7.07
130129

VERMONT

Table 101 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Vermont, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 61 7 21 34 55
Past Year Marijuana Use 84 9 31 44 75
Past Month Marijuana Use 54 6 20 28 48
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 22 2 8 12 20
Past Year Cocaine Use 16 1 7 8 15
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 25 3 10 12 22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 151 13 9 128 137
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 322 11 49 262 311
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 137 7 37 93 130
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
193 17 13 163 177
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 344 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 254 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 158 8 34 116 150
Past Month Cigarette Use 126 6 28 92 121
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
403 37 48 318 367
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 11 1 5 5 10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 16 2 7 6 13
Alcohol Dependence 19 1 6 12 18
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 44 3 15 27 41
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 53 4 18 31 48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 14 2 7 5 12
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 42 3 14 25 39
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 5 6 31 37
130129

VERMONT

Table 102 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Vermont, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.47 12.84 30.79 8.09 11.32
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.75 18.52 44.53 10.63 15.46
Past Month Marijuana Use 10.04 10.90 29.16 6.75 9.95
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.17 4.83 11.79 2.82 4.10
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.04 1.59 10.47 1.98 3.19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.73 6.53 14.14 2.94 4.54
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.12 25.79 13.23 30.88 28.36
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.53 8.15 11.41 0.12 1.49
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 60.20 21.35 71.22 63.12 64.28
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.53 12.95 54.21 22.30 26.85
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
36.07 32.54 19.59 39.24 36.44
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 39.424 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 29.244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.46 15.18 48.93 27.96 30.95
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.63 11.54 41.27 22.17 24.90
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
75.33 71.89 70.41 76.57 75.69
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.05 2.57 7.21 1.13 2.00
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.94 4.66 10.49 1.47 2.76
Alcohol Dependence 3.51 2.11 8.04 2.93 3.66
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.30 5.97 21.35 6.42 8.55
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.89 8.80 25.72 7.39 10.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.65 4.26 9.56 1.31 2.48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.79 5.82 20.00 6.00 7.99
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 8.85 9.25 7.44 7.70
130129

VIRGINIA

Table 103 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 517 64 175 277 452
Past Year Marijuana Use 635 82 236 318 553
Past Month Marijuana Use 410 47 148 215 363
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 230 29 73 127 201
Past Year Cocaine Use 165 9 64 92 156
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 319 43 103 173 275
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,326 209 170 1,947 2,117
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 59 30 26 3 29
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,305 98 520 2,686 3,207
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,413 60 343 1,010 1,353
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,741 247 258 2,237 2,494
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1764 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,766 77 358 1,332 1,690
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,506 68 316 1,122 1,438
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
4,606 411 557 3,638 4,195
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 123 15 50 58 108
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 171 29 70 73 143
Alcohol Dependence 199 12 58 128 186
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 460 30 142 288 430
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 551 47 179 325 504
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 154 27 65 63 127
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 448 30 139 279 418
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 56 71 328 399
130129

VIRGINIA

Table 104 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.27 10.41 21.92 5.74 8.04
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.17 13.29 29.51 6.57 9.83
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.57 7.63 18.57 4.45 6.46
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.68 4.75 9.19 2.63 3.56
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.64 1.50 7.99 1.90 2.77
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.10 7.03 12.86 3.57 4.89
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.21 33.81 21.25 40.29 37.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.60 5.46 6.67 0.12 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 52.88 15.93 65.13 55.58 56.94
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.61 9.75 42.96 20.89 24.03
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.86 39.97 32.24 46.28 44.28
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.614 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.26 12.40 44.76 27.56 30.01
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.10 11.01 39.54 23.21 25.53
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
73.70 66.61 69.73 75.26 74.48
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.97 2.48 6.26 1.19 1.91
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.74 4.67 8.74 1.50 2.53
Alcohol Dependence 3.18 2.02 7.27 2.65 3.31
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.37 4.88 17.78 5.96 7.64
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.82 7.60 22.36 6.73 8.95
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.46 4.31 8.09 1.29 2.26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.17 4.80 17.44 5.78 7.43
HAD AT LEAST ONE MAJOR DEPRESSIVE EPISODE IN
THE PAST YEAR8
-- 9.04 8.87 6.79 7.09
130129

WASHINGTON

Table 105 – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Washington, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006-2007 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates include data from original methamphetamine questions but do not include new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older. For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 546 55 156 334 491
Past Year Marijuana Use 631 76 212 343 555
Past Month Marijuana Use 400 40 128 232 360
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 244 29 70 145 215
Past Year Cocaine Use 137 10 52 75 127
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 347 48 102 198 300
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,447 152 127 1,168 1,295
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 52 26 23 3 26
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,908 96 434 2,379 2,813
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,200 55 291 854 1,145
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,099 191 204 1,704 1,908
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1854 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,432 70 275 1,087 1,362
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,172 52 233 887 1,119
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes per Day
3,962 368 478 3,116 3,594
PAST YEAR DEPENDE