2006-2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health:
Model-Based Estimated Totals (in Thousands) (50 States and the District of Columbia)

130107
Table 1 – Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 20,139 (19,525 - 20,770) 2,452 (2,359 - 2,547) 6,487 (6,311 - 6,667) 11,201 (10,675 - 11,751) 17,688 (17,090 - 18,304)
Northeast 3,864 (3,658 - 4,086) 440 (412 - 469) 1,289 (1,214 - 1,367) 2,136 (1,941 - 2,348) 3,424 (3,224 - 3,641)
Midwest 4,323 (4,140 - 4,510) 545 (518 - 573) 1,432 (1,359 - 1,509) 2,345 (2,169 - 2,534) 3,778 (3,600 - 3,961)
South 6,711 (6,417 - 7,020) 851 (808 - 897) 2,136 (2,023 - 2,253) 3,724 (3,438 - 4,035) 5,860 (5,574 - 6,161)
West 5,241 (4,944 - 5,551) 615 (572 - 662) 1,630 (1,531 - 1,734) 2,995 (2,720 - 3,296) 4,626 (4,335 - 4,930)
Alabama 268 (225 - 317) 34 (28 - 42) 80 (66 - 95) 154 (121 - 195) 233 (194 - 280)
Alaska 57 (49 - 66) 7 (6 - 8) 17 (15 - 20) 33 (26 - 41) 50 (42 - 59)
Arizona 457 (391 - 533) 54 (45 - 66) 140 (118 - 164) 263 (210 - 328) 403 (340 - 475)
Arkansas 198 (169 - 232) 24 (20 - 28) 62 (53 - 73) 112   (89 - 141) 174 (147 - 207)
California 2,692 (2,459 - 2,942) 325 (290 - 362) 867 (791 - 948) 1,500 (1,297 - 1,732) 2,367 (2,141 - 2,613)
Colorado 428 (366 - 498) 45 (38 - 54) 130 (113 - 149) 253 (201 - 316) 382 (324 - 451)
Connecticut 234 (200 - 274) 29 (24 - 34) 81 (69 - 95) 124   (97 - 158) 205 (173 - 244)
Delaware 61 (52 - 71) 7 (6 - 8) 20 (17 - 24) 34 (27 - 43) 54 (46 - 64)
District of Columbia 60 (51 - 70) 4 (3 - 5) 22 (19 - 25) 34 (27 - 43) 56 (47 - 65)
Florida 1,167 (1,063 - 1,283) 138 (123 - 154) 375 (343 - 408) 654 (559 - 764) 1,029    (928 - 1,143)
Georgia 570 (477 - 678) 69 (57 - 84) 171 (142 - 204) 330 (257 - 422) 501 (413 - 604)
Hawaii 77 (64 - 93) 10   (8 - 12) 23 (20 - 28) 44 (33 - 58) 67 (55 - 83)
Idaho 88 (74 - 104) 12 (10 - 14) 28 (23 - 33) 48 (38 - 62) 76 (63 - 92)
Illinois 770 (700 - 845) 99   (88 - 111) 270 (245 - 296) 401 (342 - 469) 670 (604 - 744)
Indiana 439 (378 - 508) 57 (48 - 67) 140 (120 - 161) 242 (194 - 302) 382 (325 - 448)
Iowa 129 (106 - 155) 20 (16 - 24) 43 (34 - 53) 67 (50 - 88) 109   (88 - 134)
Kansas 165 (138 - 196) 23 (19 - 27) 55 (45 - 66) 88   (68 - 112) 142 (118 - 172)
Kentucky 280 (240 - 326) 35 (29 - 41) 91   (78 - 105) 154 (122 - 195) 245 (207 - 289)
Louisiana 283 (240 - 333) 36 (30 - 43) 92   (78 - 108) 155 (122 - 197) 247 (207 - 295)
Maine 110   (94 - 127) 13 (11 - 15) 36 (31 - 40) 61 (48 - 77) 97   (82 - 113)
Maryland 327 (278 - 385) 42 (35 - 51) 112   (95 - 132) 173 (134 - 222) 285 (238 - 341)
Massachusetts 531 (457 - 617) 58 (48 - 70) 187 (162 - 215) 286 (225 - 360) 473 (402 - 556)
Michigan 772 (709 - 840) 94   (84 - 104) 246 (226 - 268) 432 (376 - 495) 678 (617 - 745)
Minnesota 356 (304 - 415) 42 (35 - 51) 123 (105 - 143) 190 (149 - 241) 313 (264 - 370)
Mississippi 168 (140 - 198) 20 (16 - 25) 56 (46 - 67) 92   (71 - 119) 147 (122 - 177)
Missouri 389 (333 - 454) 47 (39 - 56) 121 (103 - 141) 222 (176 - 278) 342 (288 - 405)
Montana 83 (71 - 96) 10   (8 - 12) 26 (23 - 30) 47 (37 - 58) 73 (62 - 86)
Nebraska 96 (80 - 113) 12 (10 - 15) 35 (29 - 42) 49 (38 - 63) 84   (69 - 100)
Nevada 182 (152 - 218) 22 (18 - 26) 46 (38 - 55) 115   (90 - 146) 161 (132 - 195)
New Hampshire 109   (95 - 126) 12 (10 - 15) 38 (33 - 43) 59 (47 - 74) 97   (83 - 113)
New Jersey 473 (398 - 563) 61 (50 - 74) 148 (123 - 178) 264 (205 - 340) 412 (341 - 498)
New Mexico 153 (130 - 179) 21 (18 - 25) 54 (46 - 62) 79   (60 - 102) 132 (110 - 157)
New York 1,470 (1,339 - 1,614) 154 (138 - 173) 486 (445 - 530) 830 (714 - 963) 1,316 (1,188 - 1,457)
North Carolina 526 (446 - 620) 67 (56 - 80) 165 (141 - 193) 293 (229 - 375) 458 (383 - 549)
North Dakota 33 (27 - 39) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (10 - 15) 16 (12 - 22) 29 (23 - 35)
Ohio 749 (684 - 820) 94   (85 - 105) 250 (228 - 273) 404 (347 - 470) 654 (592 - 724)
Oklahoma 250 (208 - 299) 30 (25 - 36) 71 (59 - 86) 149 (115 - 191) 220 (180 - 267)
Oregon 317 (272 - 368) 33 (28 - 40) 84 (72 - 98) 200 (161 - 246) 283 (240 - 333)
Pennsylvania 763 (692 - 841) 95   (84 - 106) 250 (227 - 276) 418 (357 - 489) 668 (600 - 745)
Rhode Island 112   (97 - 129) 11   (9 - 13) 41 (36 - 46) 60 (48 - 76) 101   (87 - 118)
South Carolina 236 (198 - 280) 31 (25 - 37) 77 (64 - 92) 128   (99 - 165) 205 (170 - 247)
South Dakota 44 (37 - 52) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (13 - 18) 23 (18 - 30) 38 (32 - 46)
Tennessee 443 (377 - 520) 48 (40 - 58) 132 (113 - 153) 263 (210 - 329) 395 (332 - 468)
Texas 1,244 (1,124 - 1,374) 189 (169 - 211) 398 (356 - 445) 657 (555 - 775) 1,055    (940 - 1,182)
Utah 125 (103 - 150) 17 (14 - 22) 47 (38 - 58) 61 (45 - 81) 108   (87 - 131)
Vermont 61 (54 - 70) 7 (5 - 8) 21 (19 - 24) 34 (27 - 42) 55 (47 - 63)
Virginia 517 (444 - 600) 64 (53 - 77) 175 (149 - 204) 277 (221 - 347) 452 (384 - 532)
Washington 546 (465 - 640) 55 (46 - 66) 156 (135 - 180) 334 (264 - 421) 491 (412 - 583)
West Virginia 115   (98 - 135) 13 (11 - 15) 37 (31 - 43) 66 (52 - 83) 102   (86 - 122)
Wisconsin 383 (327 - 448) 48 (40 - 57) 123 (105 - 144) 212 (168 - 267) 335 (282 - 398)
Wyoming 37 (32 - 43) 5 (4 - 5) 12 (11 - 14) 20 (16 - 25) 33 (28 - 38)
130107
Table 2 – Marijuana Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 25,285 (24,596 - 25,989) 3,257 (3,150 - 3,366) 9,098 (8,881 - 9,318) 12,931 (12,367 - 13,517) 22,029 (21,359 - 22,715)
Northeast 5,168 (4,937 - 5,413) 630 (595 - 666) 1,894 (1,820 - 1,970) 2,644 (2,431 - 2,875) 4,538 (4,315 - 4,776)
Midwest 5,627 (5,413 - 5,845) 720 (686 - 755) 2,084 (2,011 - 2,159) 2,823 (2,626 - 3,032) 4,907 (4,701 - 5,118)
South 8,196 (7,873 - 8,532) 1,094 (1,043 - 1,146) 2,895 (2,785 - 3,007) 4,208 (3,904 - 4,534) 7,102 (6,789 - 7,429)
West 6,294 (5,980 - 6,621) 813 (762 - 867) 2,225 (2,127 - 2,326) 3,256 (2,967 - 3,571) 5,481 (5,175 - 5,802)
Alabama 302 (255 - 357) 43 (36 - 51) 96   (82 - 113) 163 (126 - 210) 259 (215 - 311)
Alaska 74 (65 - 85) 10   (8 - 11) 25 (22 - 28) 40 (32 - 49) 64 (55 - 75)
Arizona 467 (403 - 540) 66 (55 - 79) 171 (149 - 196) 229 (180 - 291) 401 (340 - 470)
Arkansas 233 (201 - 270) 30 (25 - 35) 79 (69 - 90) 124   (99 - 156) 204 (173 - 239)
California 3,329 (3,076 - 3,601) 424 (382 - 468) 1,180 (1,102 - 1,262) 1,726 (1,501 - 1,981) 2,906 (2,661 - 3,170)
Colorado 506 (445 - 573) 63 (53 - 74) 180 (160 - 201) 263 (213 - 322) 443 (385 - 507)
Connecticut 333 (290 - 381) 42 (36 - 49) 126 (111 - 141) 165 (131 - 207) 291 (251 - 337)
Delaware 79 (69 - 92) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (26 - 33) 41 (32 - 52) 70 (60 - 82)
District of Columbia 77 (68 - 87) 5 (4 - 6) 31 (27 - 34) 42 (34 - 51) 72 (63 - 82)
Florida 1,427 (1,311 - 1,554) 175 (159 - 194) 491 (456 - 528) 760 (657 - 878) 1,251 (1,139 - 1,376)
Georgia 751 (641 - 875) 96   (80 - 113) 247 (213 - 285) 408 (322 - 515) 655 (552 - 774)
Hawaii 96   (83 - 112) 14 (12 - 17) 35 (31 - 40) 47 (36 - 61) 82 (69 - 98)
Idaho 102   (88 - 118) 15 (13 - 18) 40 (34 - 46) 47 (36 - 60) 87   (73 - 102)
Illinois 1,013    (934 - 1,099) 126 (114 - 140) 388 (361 - 416) 499 (431 - 576) 887 (810 - 970)
Indiana 514 (445 - 592) 67 (57 - 80) 192 (170 - 216) 254 (201 - 321) 447 (382 - 520)
Iowa 181 (153 - 211) 27 (22 - 32) 68 (58 - 80) 85   (65 - 112) 154 (128 - 183)
Kansas 217 (188 - 251) 29 (25 - 35) 89   (76 - 102) 99   (78 - 126) 188 (160 - 220)
Kentucky 349 (304 - 400) 47 (40 - 56) 117 (103 - 133) 184 (148 - 229) 302 (259 - 350)
Louisiana 349 (302 - 404) 45 (38 - 53) 123 (108 - 140) 182 (143 - 229) 305 (260 - 357)
Maine 143 (125 - 162) 17 (15 - 20) 51 (46 - 56) 74 (60 - 92) 125 (108 - 144)
Maryland 450 (392 - 516) 60 (51 - 70) 180 (159 - 202) 211 (165 - 268) 390 (336 - 454)
Massachusetts 733 (646 - 830) 83 (71 - 97) 275 (247 - 304) 375 (303 - 461) 650 (567 - 744)
Michigan 997    (927 - 1,072) 121 (111 - 133) 359 (338 - 381) 517 (455 - 586) 876 (808 - 949)
Minnesota 484 (420 - 557) 56 (47 - 66) 180 (159 - 203) 248 (197 - 311) 429 (367 - 499)
Mississippi 183 (155 - 213) 24 (20 - 29) 67 (57 - 79) 91   (71 - 117) 158 (132 - 187)
Missouri 485 (420 - 560) 62 (52 - 73) 157 (136 - 180) 266 (214 - 331) 423 (361 - 494)
Montana 100 (88 - 112) 13 (11 - 15) 38 (34 - 42) 49 (39 - 60) 87 (75 - 99)
Nebraska 126 (107 - 146) 16 (13 - 19) 52 (45 - 60) 58 (44 - 75) 110   (92 - 129)
Nevada 210 (177 - 248) 29 (24 - 35) 61 (52 - 71) 120   (92 - 154) 180 (149 - 218)
New Hampshire 154 (135 - 176) 18 (15 - 20) 55 (50 - 61) 81   (65 - 101) 137 (118 - 158)
New Jersey 664 (570 - 775) 89   (74 - 105) 231 (201 - 265) 344 (269 - 439) 576 (487 - 681)
New Mexico 181 (157 - 207) 28 (24 - 33) 71 (63 - 80) 82   (64 - 104) 153 (131 - 177)
New York 1,897 (1,755 - 2,049) 220 (199 - 243) 690 (645 - 738) 986    (861 - 1,128) 1,677 (1,539 - 1,825)
North Carolina 675 (581 - 783) 86   (73 - 102) 234 (205 - 266) 355 (277 - 452) 589 (499 - 694)
North Dakota 45 (39 - 52) 6 (5 - 7) 20 (18 - 24) 19 (14 - 25) 39 (33 - 46)
Ohio 1,017    (945 - 1,095) 139 (127 - 151) 363 (339 - 388) 516 (452 - 587) 879 (809 - 954)
Oklahoma 249 (210 - 294) 35 (29 - 42) 85   (71 - 101) 129 (100 - 167) 215 (178 - 257)
Oregon 410 (359 - 466) 48 (41 - 56) 131 (117 - 146) 231 (188 - 282) 362 (313 - 416)
Pennsylvania 1,015    (935 - 1,103) 136 (124 - 149) 378 (352 - 405) 501 (431 - 582) 879 (801 - 965)
Rhode Island 145 (129 - 163) 16 (14 - 18) 56 (51 - 62) 73 (59 - 90) 129 (114 - 147)
South Carolina 311 (266 - 363) 41 (34 - 48) 111   (96 - 127) 160 (124 - 205) 271 (228 - 320)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 63) 8 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 26) 25 (19 - 32) 47 (40 - 55)
Tennessee 504 (434 - 582) 62 (53 - 74) 165 (144 - 189) 276 (220 - 345) 442 (376 - 516)
Texas 1,483 (1,358 - 1,617) 236 (213 - 262) 554 (508 - 603) 693 (590 - 812) 1,246 (1,129 - 1,375)
Utah 142 (119 - 167) 21 (17 - 26) 63 (52 - 74) 58 (42 - 78) 120   (99 - 144)
Vermont 84 (75 - 95) 9   (8 - 11) 31 (28 - 33) 44 (36 - 54) 75 (66 - 85)
Virginia 635 (558 - 723) 82 (70 - 96) 236 (208 - 266) 318 (255 - 394) 553 (480 - 637)
Washington 631 (549 - 723) 76 (64 - 89) 212 (188 - 237) 343 (275 - 427) 555 (477 - 644)
West Virginia 138 (119 - 159) 17 (15 - 21) 48 (42 - 55) 72 (57 - 91) 120 (102 - 141)
Wisconsin 492 (427 - 567) 63 (54 - 74) 193 (171 - 216) 236 (186 - 299) 429 (368 - 500)
Wyoming 49 (43 - 55) 7 (6 - 8) 18 (16 - 21) 23 (19 - 29) 42 (36 - 48)
130107
Table 3 – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,660 (14,159 - 15,177) 1,694 (1,618 - 1,773) 5,364 (5,197 - 5,535) 7,601 (7,182 - 8,044) 12,966 (12,477 - 13,472)
Northeast 2,968 (2,798 - 3,151) 330 (305 - 356) 1,140 (1,070 - 1,213) 1,498 (1,351 - 1,661) 2,638 (2,474 - 2,815)
Midwest 3,254 (3,099 - 3,414) 387 (363 - 412) 1,186 (1,116 - 1,260) 1,681 (1,543 - 1,829) 2,867 (2,718 - 3,021)
South 4,680 (4,449 - 4,924) 558 (520 - 598) 1,706 (1,598 - 1,821) 2,416 (2,211 - 2,641) 4,122 (3,901 - 4,357)
West 3,758 (3,530 - 3,998) 419 (386 - 456) 1,333 (1,240 - 1,430) 2,006 (1,804 - 2,230) 3,339 (3,117 - 3,573)
Alabama 170 (138 - 209) 21 (16 - 27) 57 (45 - 71) 92   (68 - 124) 149 (119 - 186)
Alaska 43 (35 - 52) 5 (4 - 6) 14 (12 - 17) 24 (18 - 31) 38 (31 - 46)
Arizona 271 (223 - 330) 32 (25 - 40) 101   (82 - 124) 138 (103 - 184) 239 (194 - 295)
Arkansas 135 (111 - 163) 16 (12 - 19) 46 (38 - 56) 73 (56 - 96) 119   (97 - 146)
California 1,954 (1,768 - 2,156) 221 (194 - 252) 714 (644 - 791) 1,018    (862 - 1,201) 1,732 (1,553 - 1,930)
Colorado 320 (270 - 379) 32 (26 - 38) 112   (96 - 131) 176 (136 - 226) 288 (241 - 345)
Connecticut 181 (152 - 216) 22 (18 - 27) 71 (60 - 85) 88 (67 - 115) 159 (132 - 192)
Delaware 45 (37 - 53) 5 (4 - 6) 17 (14 - 21) 22 (17 - 30) 40 (33 - 48)
District of Columbia 48 (41 - 56) 3 (2 - 3) 20 (17 - 23) 26 (20 - 33) 46 (39 - 53)
Florida 843 (757 - 941) 96   (84 - 110) 311 (281 - 344) 435 (363 - 522) 747 (664 - 842)
Georgia 428 (349 - 522) 47 (37 - 59) 144 (118 - 174) 237 (177 - 316) 380 (306 - 470)
Hawaii 57 (47 - 70) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (16 - 24) 30 (22 - 41) 50 (41 - 63)
Idaho 63 (52 - 76) 8   (6 - 10) 23 (19 - 28) 32 (24 - 42) 55 (45 - 67)
Illinois 574   (518 - 636) 68 (59 - 78) 220 (197 - 245) 286 (240 - 340) 506 (452 - 566)
Indiana 312 (261 - 371) 40 (32 - 49) 112   (95 - 132) 160 (122 - 209) 272 (225 - 328)
Iowa 95   (77 - 116) 14 (11 - 17) 36 (28 - 45) 45 (33 - 62) 81   (64 - 101)
Kansas 126 (104 - 152) 16 (13 - 20) 47 (38 - 57) 63 (48 - 83) 110   (89 - 134)
Kentucky 199 (166 - 237) 24 (19 - 29) 75 (63 - 88) 100   (76 - 132) 175 (144 - 211)
Louisiana 190 (156 - 230) 21 (17 - 27) 72 (59 - 87) 97   (72 - 129) 168 (137 - 206)
Maine 94 (80 - 111) 10   (9 - 13) 34 (30 - 39) 50 (38 - 65) 84   (70 - 100)
Maryland 232 (193 - 279) 28 (22 - 35) 94   (77 - 113) 110   (82 - 147) 204 (167 - 248)
Massachusetts 430 (363 - 508) 44 (36 - 55) 168 (143 - 195) 218 (167 - 282) 385 (322 - 460)
Michigan 586 (533 - 645) 67 (59 - 76) 202 (183 - 222) 317 (271 - 370) 519 (468 - 576)
Minnesota 312 (261 - 372) 31 (25 - 39) 114   (96 - 134) 166 (127 - 216) 280 (232 - 338)
Mississippi 110   (88 - 135) 12   (9 - 16) 40 (32 - 50) 57 (42 - 78) 97   (77 - 121)
Missouri 267 (220 - 324) 32 (26 - 39) 90   (74 - 108) 145 (110 - 193) 235 (191 - 289)
Montana 69 (59 - 81) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 27) 39 (31 - 49) 62 (53 - 73)
Nebraska 73 (59 - 88) 8   (7 - 11) 29 (23 - 35) 36 (27 - 48) 64 (52 - 79)
Nevada 121   (98 - 150) 15 (12 - 19) 35 (28 - 43) 72 (53 - 96) 107   (85 - 134)
New Hampshire 92   (78 - 108) 10   (8 - 12) 35 (30 - 40) 47 (36 - 61) 82 (69 - 98)
New Jersey 340 (276 - 419) 42 (33 - 53) 127 (103 - 155) 171 (125 - 234) 298 (238 - 373)
New Mexico 112   (94 - 134) 15 (12 - 19) 43 (36 - 51) 54 (41 - 72) 97   (80 - 118)
New York 1,124 (1,018 - 1,241) 117 (103 - 134) 437 (396 - 481) 570 (482 - 672) 1,007    (905 - 1,120)
North Carolina 387 (320 - 468) 45 (37 - 56) 140 (117 - 167) 201 (150 - 269) 342 (279 - 418)
North Dakota 26 (22 - 32) 3 (2 - 3) 11   (9 - 13) 13 (10 - 18) 24 (19 - 29)
Ohio 574 (519 - 634) 71 (63 - 81) 213 (193 - 235) 289 (244 - 341) 502 (450 - 560)
Oklahoma 152 (121 - 189) 19 (15 - 24) 51 (40 - 65) 82   (59 - 112) 133 (104 - 169)
Oregon 234 (196 - 278) 23 (19 - 29) 71 (60 - 84) 139 (108 - 178) 210 (174 - 253)
Pennsylvania 559 (502 - 624) 70 (62 - 80) 210 (188 - 234) 279 (232 - 335) 489 (434 - 552)
Rhode Island 94   (81 - 108) 8   (7 - 10) 38 (33 - 43) 47 (37 - 60) 85 (73 - 99)
South Carolina 172 (141 - 210) 19 (15 - 24) 63 (52 - 77) 90   (66 - 120) 153 (124 - 189)
South Dakota 35 (29 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 16) 18 (13 - 24) 31 (25 - 38)
Tennessee 284 (236 - 340) 30 (24 - 38) 101   (84 - 120) 153 (117 - 199) 253 (209 - 307)
Texas 798 (710 - 894) 115   (99 - 134) 297 (259 - 341) 385 (317 - 467) 682 (600 - 775)
Utah 84   (68 - 103) 11   (8 - 14) 37 (29 - 46) 37 (27 - 51) 73 (58 - 91)
Vermont 54 (46 - 62) 6 (5 - 7) 20 (18 - 23) 28 (22 - 36) 48 (41 - 57)
Virginia 410 (346 - 487) 47 (38 - 58) 148 (124 - 176) 215 (167 - 275) 363 (303 - 435)
Washington 400 (337 - 474) 40 (32 - 48) 128 (108 - 150) 232 (181 - 296) 360 (300 - 432)
West Virginia 80 (66 - 96) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (25 - 36) 41 (31 - 55) 71 (58 - 86)
Wisconsin 275 (231 - 328) 33 (27 - 41) 100   (84 - 119) 142 (109 - 185) 242 (200 - 292)
Wyoming 29 (25 - 35) 3 (3 - 4) 11   (9 - 13) 15 (12 - 20) 26 (21 - 31)
130107
Table 4 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 95,916 (94,551 - 97,305) 8,739 (8,585 - 8,896) 8,049 (7,856 - 8,246) 79,127 (77,802 - 80,474) 87,176 (85,827 - 88,550)
Northeast 16,813 (16,358 - 17,270) 1,426 (1,375 - 1,478) 1,252 (1,191 - 1,315) 14,135 (13,695 - 14,579) 15,388 (14,939 - 15,837)
Midwest 20,587 (20,175 - 21,006) 2,003 (1,951 - 2,056) 1,641 (1,582 - 1,701) 16,943 (16,546 - 17,346) 18,583 (18,177 - 18,998)
South 38,199 (37,496 - 38,918) 3,319 (3,235 - 3,404) 3,215 (3,115 - 3,317) 31,665 (30,986 - 32,355) 34,880 (34,187 - 35,586)
West 20,317 (19,744 - 20,894) 1,991 (1,913 - 2,070) 1,942 (1,857 - 2,030) 16,384 (15,833 - 16,940) 18,326 (17,762 - 18,894)
Alabama 1,859 (1,740 - 1,979) 157 (143 - 172) 157 (139 - 175) 1,545 (1,433 - 1,656) 1,701 (1,586 - 1,818)
Alaska 156 (141 - 172) 18 (16 - 21) 14 (12 - 17) 124 (110 - 138) 138 (123 - 153)
Arizona 1,964 (1,814 - 2,119) 187 (167 - 208) 195 (171 - 221) 1,582 (1,444 - 1,724) 1,777 (1,633 - 1,926)
Arkansas 999    (930 - 1,068) 90 (81 - 98) 80 (71 - 90) 829 (765 - 893) 909 (843 - 977)
California 11,175 (10,706 - 11,650) 1,081 (1,018 - 1,145) 1,102 (1,029 - 1,178) 8,992 (8,541 - 9,450) 10,094   (9,633 - 10,562)
Colorado 1,118 (1,010 - 1,233) 107   (95 - 121) 88   (75 - 104) 922    (821 - 1,030) 1,011    (906 - 1,123)
Connecticut 1,058    (969 - 1,150) 88 (78 - 99) 74 (63 - 85) 896 (813 - 982) 970 (883 - 1,059)
Delaware 270 (249 - 292) 25 (22 - 27) 19 (16 - 22) 226 (206 - 246) 245 (225 - 266)
District of Columbia 154 (140 - 169) 10   (9 - 12) 15 (12 - 17) 129 (116 - 143) 144 (130 - 159)
Florida 6,409 (6,149 - 6,671) 477 (450 - 505) 480 (447 - 514) 5,452 (5,202 - 5,704) 5,932 (5,677 - 6,189)
Georgia 3,208 (2,970 - 3,453) 284 (255 - 315) 290 (255 - 327) 2,634 (2,412 - 2,859) 2,924 (2,694 - 3,160)
Hawaii 414 (378 - 449) 32 (29 - 36) 34 (29 - 39) 347 (314 - 381) 381 (347 - 416)
Idaho 482 (447 - 518) 50 (45 - 55) 45 (40 - 51) 387 (354 - 420) 432 (398 - 467)
Illinois 4,102 (3,929 - 4,277) 395 (374 - 417) 347 (322 - 373) 3,359 (3,194 - 3,527) 3,706 (3,537 - 3,878)
Indiana 1,960 (1,811 - 2,114) 195 (178 - 214) 155 (136 - 175) 1,610 (1,471 - 1,754) 1,765 (1,620 - 1,914)
Iowa 963    (891 - 1,037) 93   (84 - 102) 86 (75 - 98) 784 (717 - 852) 869 (800 - 941)
Kansas 888 (823 - 955) 94   (85 - 103) 77 (66 - 89) 717 (658 - 778) 794 (731 - 859)
Kentucky 1,494 (1,391 - 1,600) 132 (121 - 145) 110   (97 - 125) 1,252 (1,154 - 1,350) 1,362 (1,261 - 1,465)
Louisiana 1,586 (1,477 - 1,695) 143 (130 - 157) 155 (137 - 174) 1,288 (1,187 - 1,389) 1,442 (1,337 - 1,548)
Maine 360 (326 - 396) 31 (28 - 35) 18 (15 - 21) 311 (278 - 345) 329 (296 - 364)
Maryland 1,844 (1,713 - 1,977) 159 (143 - 176) 142 (125 - 162) 1,542 (1,420 - 1,667) 1,685 (1,558 - 1,814)
Massachusetts 1,524 (1,373 - 1,685) 140 (123 - 159) 108   (90 - 128) 1,276 (1,136 - 1,426) 1,384 (1,238 - 1,540)
Michigan 2,946 (2,813 - 3,082) 299 (283 - 316) 215 (199 - 233) 2,432 (2,304 - 2,562) 2,647 (2,516 - 2,781)
Minnesota 1,399 (1,271 - 1,533) 149 (134 - 164) 102   (87 - 120) 1,148 (1,029 - 1,272) 1,250 (1,126 - 1,380)
Mississippi 1,207 (1,131 - 1,284) 117 (108 - 127) 111   (99 - 124) 978    (907 - 1,048) 1,089 (1,016 - 1,164)
Missouri 1,843 (1,701 - 1,990) 175 (158 - 194) 141 (123 - 161) 1,526 (1,394 - 1,661) 1,668 (1,531 - 1,809)
Montana 262 (240 - 285) 26 (23 - 28) 18 (16 - 22) 218 (198 - 240) 237 (216 - 259)
Nebraska 627 (582 - 674) 61 (55 - 66) 55 (48 - 63) 511 (469 - 554) 566 (522 - 612)
Nevada 751 (690 - 814) 71 (63 - 80) 63 (56 - 72) 617 (560 - 675) 680 (621 - 741)
New Hampshire 293 (262 - 326) 28 (24 - 32) 16 (13 - 20) 249 (220 - 280) 265 (236 - 297)
New Jersey 2,920 (2,701 - 3,143) 249 (225 - 275) 205 (179 - 234) 2,465 (2,259 - 2,675) 2,670 (2,458 - 2,888)
New Mexico 628 (577 - 680) 54 (48 - 60) 55 (47 - 63) 519 (472 - 567) 574 (525 - 625)
New York 6,164 (5,885 - 6,447) 497 (467 - 528) 517 (477 - 560) 5,150 (4,884 - 5,421) 5,668 (5,394 - 5,946)
North Carolina 3,037 (2,812 - 3,266) 245 (222 - 269) 227 (200 - 257) 2,564 (2,353 - 2,779) 2,792 (2,573 - 3,014)
North Dakota 208 (192 - 225) 19 (17 - 21) 23 (20 - 26) 167 (152 - 182) 189 (174 - 205)
Ohio 3,707 (3,551 - 3,865) 338 (320 - 357) 293 (273 - 315) 3,076 (2,927 - 3,227) 3,369 (3,216 - 3,524)
Oklahoma 1,244 (1,148 - 1,343) 111   (99 - 123) 112   (97 - 128) 1,022 (934 - 1,111) 1,134 (1,041 - 1,229)
Oregon 904 (822 - 991) 87 (77 - 98) 68 (58 - 80) 749 (672 - 830) 817 (738 - 901)
Pennsylvania 4,066 (3,894 - 4,241) 356 (336 - 377) 285 (262 - 309) 3,425 (3,260 - 3,593) 3,710 (3,541 - 3,881)
Rhode Island 277 (251 - 304) 23 (20 - 26) 20 (17 - 23) 234 (210 - 260) 254 (229 - 281)
South Carolina 1,489 (1,379 - 1,601) 124 (112 - 137) 120 (106 - 135) 1,245 (1,142 - 1,349) 1,364 (1,258 - 1,473)
South Dakota 240 (221 - 259) 25 (22 - 27) 21 (18 - 24) 194 (176 - 212) 215 (197 - 234)
Tennessee 2,178 (2,022 - 2,338) 193 (175 - 211) 163 (143 - 185) 1,822 (1,675 - 1,970) 1,985 (1,834 - 2,140)
Texas 8,229 (7,921 - 8,539) 789 (747 - 831) 818 (767 - 871) 6,622 (6,325 - 6,920) 7,440 (7,135 - 7,747)
Utah 861 (800 - 924) 110 (101 - 120) 120 (107 - 134) 631 (577 - 686) 751 (692 - 811)
Vermont 151 (136 - 167) 13 (12 - 15) 9   (8 - 11) 128 (114 - 144) 137 (123 - 153)
Virginia 2,326 (2,139 - 2,519) 209 (188 - 231) 170 (146 - 197) 1,947 (1,774 - 2,127) 2,117 (1,937 - 2,304)
Washington 1,447 (1,300 - 1,605) 152 (135 - 171) 127 (109 - 148) 1,168 (1,032 - 1,314) 1,295 (1,154 - 1,447)
West Virginia 667 (621 - 715) 54 (49 - 58) 46 (41 - 53) 567 (523 - 612) 614 (568 - 661)
Wisconsin 1,704 (1,564 - 1,849) 160 (144 - 177) 125 (108 - 145) 1,419 (1,288 - 1,553) 1,544 (1,409 - 1,684)
Wyoming 154 (142 - 167) 15 (14 - 17) 11 (10 - 13) 128 (116 - 140) 139 (127 - 151)
130107
Table 5 – Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 2,427 (2,338 - 2,519) 1,243 (1,198 - 1,291) 1,062 (1,006 - 1,120) 122   (94 - 157) 1,183 (1,112 - 1,259)
Northeast 464 (435 - 494) 235 (220 - 250) 207 (188 - 228) 22 (14 - 32) 229 (206 - 255)
Midwest 565 (534 - 597) 286 (271 - 302) 251 (231 - 273) 27 (19 - 39) 279 (253 - 306)
South 835 (787 - 885) 433 (410 - 456) 357 (326 - 391) 45 (31 - 66) 402 (362 - 446)
West 563 (527 - 604) 290 (269 - 312) 246 (221 - 274) 28 (18 - 42) 274 (245 - 307)
Alabama 35 (30 - 41) 18 (15 - 22) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 3) 17 (13 - 21)
Alaska 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (2 - 3)
Arizona 49 (41 - 58) 26 (21 - 32) 21 (16 - 27) 2 (1 - 5) 23 (18 - 29)
Arkansas 22 (19 - 26) 11   (9 - 14) 9   (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 11   (8 - 13)
California 297 (269 - 329) 150 (133 - 168) 133 (115 - 155) 14   (8 - 24) 147 (127 - 172)
Colorado 42 (36 - 50) 23 (19 - 28) 17 (13 - 22) 2 (1 - 4) 19 (15 - 24)
Connecticut 32 (27 - 37) 17 (14 - 20) 13 (10 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 15 (12 - 18)
Delaware 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 4)
District of Columbia 5 (5 - 6) 2 (2 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Florida 131 (118 - 144) 68 (61 - 76) 56 (48 - 65) 7   (4 - 11) 62 (53 - 73)
Georgia 74 (63 - 87) 36 (30 - 44) 34 (27 - 43) 4 (2 - 7) 38 (30 - 47)
Hawaii 9   (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Idaho 11   (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 6) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6)
Illinois 103   (93 - 114) 52 (46 - 58) 46 (40 - 53) 5 (3 - 9) 51 (44 - 60)
Indiana 56 (48 - 65) 29 (24 - 34) 25 (20 - 31) 3 (1 - 5) 28 (22 - 34)
Iowa 27 (23 - 31) 13 (11 - 16) 12 (10 - 16) 1 (1 - 2) 13 (11 - 17)
Kansas 22 (19 - 26) 11   (9 - 13) 11   (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 2) 12   (9 - 15)
Kentucky 36 (31 - 42) 19 (16 - 23) 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 3) 17 (14 - 21)
Louisiana 36 (30 - 42) 19 (15 - 22) 15 (12 - 20) 2 (1 - 3) 17 (14 - 22)
Maine 11 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 6) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 7)
Maryland 48 (41 - 56) 24 (20 - 29) 22 (17 - 27) 3 (1 - 5) 24 (19 - 30)
Massachusetts 59 (51 - 70) 29 (25 - 35) 27 (21 - 35) 3 (1 - 5) 30 (24 - 38)
Michigan 88 (80 - 97) 45 (40 - 50) 39 (34 - 45) 4 (3 - 7) 43 (37 - 50)
Minnesota 43 (37 - 50) 22 (18 - 26) 19 (15 - 24) 2 (1 - 4) 21 (17 - 27)
Mississippi 22 (19 - 26) 11   (9 - 13) 10   (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 3) 11   (9 - 14)
Missouri 47 (40 - 55) 24 (19 - 29) 21 (17 - 26) 2 (1 - 4) 24 (19 - 29)
Montana 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5)
Nebraska 15 (12 - 17) 7 (6 - 8) 7 (5 - 9) 1 (0 - 1) 8   (6 - 10)
Nevada 17 (14 - 20) 9   (8 - 12) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2) 8   (6 - 10)
New Hampshire 12 (10 - 14) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7)
New Jersey 66 (56 - 77) 36 (30 - 43) 26 (21 - 34) 3 (2 - 6) 30 (23 - 38)
New Mexico 16 (14 - 19) 9   (7 - 11) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9)
New York 162 (147 - 179) 80 (71 - 89) 74 (63 - 86) 8   (5 - 13) 82 (70 - 95)
North Carolina 66 (57 - 78) 36 (30 - 43) 27 (21 - 34) 4 (2 - 7) 31 (25 - 39)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 2 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (3 - 4)
Ohio 103   (94 - 114) 55 (50 - 61) 43 (37 - 50) 5 (3 - 8) 48 (42 - 56)
Oklahoma 27 (23 - 32) 14 (11 - 17) 12   (9 - 16) 1 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 17)
Oregon 32 (28 - 38) 17 (14 - 20) 14 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 3) 16 (13 - 19)
Pennsylvania 104   (95 - 115) 52 (46 - 58) 48 (41 - 56) 5 (3 - 8) 52 (45 - 61)
Rhode Island 11   (9 - 13) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7) 0 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7)
South Carolina 32 (28 - 38) 17 (14 - 20) 14 (11 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 16 (13 - 20)
South Dakota 6 (5 - 8) 3 (2 - 4) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1) 3 (3 - 4)
Tennessee 45 (38 - 53) 24 (20 - 29) 19 (14 - 24) 3 (1 - 5) 21 (17 - 27)
Texas 175 (158 - 194) 95   (85 - 106) 70 (59 - 83) 10   (6 - 16) 80 (68 - 95)
Utah 19 (15 - 23) 9   (7 - 11) 9   (6 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 10   (7 - 13)
Vermont 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (3 - 4)
Virginia 59 (50 - 69) 30 (24 - 36) 26 (21 - 33) 3 (2 - 6) 29 (23 - 37)
Washington 52 (45 - 60) 26 (22 - 32) 23 (18 - 29) 3 (1 - 5) 26 (21 - 32)
West Virginia 13 (11 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (5 - 8)
Wisconsin 49 (42 - 57) 25 (21 - 30) 21 (17 - 27) 3 (1 - 4) 24 (19 - 30)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 2 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0) 2 (2 - 3)
130107
Table 6 – Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 9,457 (9,043 - 9,890) 1,217 (1,153 - 1,285) 2,777 (2,661 - 2,897) 5,463 (5,086 - 5,868) 8,240 (7,838 - 8,662)
Northeast 1,600 (1,463 - 1,750) 186 (169 - 205) 471 (434 - 510) 943    (823 - 1,079) 1,414 (1,281 - 1,560)
Midwest 1,971 (1,847 - 2,102) 265 (247 - 285) 615 (578 - 654) 1,091    (984 - 1,209) 1,706 (1,587 - 1,832)
South 3,515 (3,298 - 3,746) 463 (430 - 500) 997    (940 - 1,057) 2,054 (1,865 - 2,263) 3,051 (2,844 - 3,273)
West 2,372 (2,175 - 2,586) 302 (273 - 335) 694 (639 - 754) 1,375 (1,206 - 1,567) 2,070 (1,881 - 2,276)
Alabama 149 (118 - 188) 21 (16 - 26) 43 (34 - 54) 86   (62 - 119) 129 (100 - 165)
Alaska 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 11   (8 - 16) 18 (14 - 23)
Arizona 274 (218 - 343) 32 (25 - 42) 74 (59 - 92) 168 (122 - 228) 242 (189 - 308)
Arkansas 113   (91 - 139) 14 (11 - 18) 33 (26 - 40) 66 (49 - 88) 98   (78 - 124)
California 1,189 (1,038 - 1,361) 153 (130 - 179) 353 (308 - 403) 683 (558 - 836) 1,036    (892 - 1,203)
Colorado 179 (143 - 224) 22 (17 - 27) 50 (41 - 62) 107   (78 - 147) 158 (123 - 201)
Connecticut 94   (73 - 121) 12   (9 - 15) 28 (22 - 36) 54 (37 - 77) 82   (62 - 108)
Delaware 27 (21 - 34) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 16 (11 - 23) 24 (18 - 31)
District of Columbia 24 (19 - 30) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 22) 22 (17 - 29)
Florida 590 (512 - 679) 73 (62 - 86) 165 (145 - 187) 352 (286 - 433) 516 (442 - 603)
Georgia 254 (196 - 328) 34 (27 - 44) 72 (56 - 92) 147 (103 - 211) 219 (165 - 291)
Hawaii 30 (22 - 40) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 11) 17 (11 - 27) 25 (18 - 35)
Idaho 40 (32 - 50) 6 (5 - 8) 12   (9 - 15) 22 (16 - 31) 34 (26 - 44)
Illinois 350 (303 - 405) 47 (40 - 56) 106   (92 - 123) 197 (158 - 245) 303 (258 - 356)
Indiana 211 (169 - 263) 28 (22 - 36) 64 (52 - 78) 119   (86 - 163) 183 (144 - 232)
Iowa 64 (49 - 84) 9   (7 - 12) 21 (16 - 28) 34 (23 - 49) 55 (40 - 74)
Kansas 83   (65 - 105) 12 (10 - 16) 26 (21 - 33) 44 (31 - 61) 70 (54 - 91)
Kentucky 136 (109 - 170) 17 (14 - 22) 44 (36 - 53) 75   (54 - 105) 119   (93 - 151)
Louisiana 163 (131 - 204) 21 (17 - 27) 46 (37 - 57) 97   (71 - 132) 142 (112 - 181)
Maine 37 (29 - 47) 5 (4 - 6) 12   (9 - 14) 20 (14 - 29) 32 (25 - 42)
Maryland 161 (127 - 205) 21 (16 - 26) 44 (35 - 55) 97   (69 - 134) 140 (108 - 182)
Massachusetts 223 (176 - 281) 23 (18 - 30) 71 (57 - 88) 129   (92 - 180) 200 (155 - 256)
Michigan 322 (282 - 368) 43 (37 - 50) 100   (88 - 113) 179 (146 - 221) 279 (241 - 324)
Minnesota 138 (108 - 176) 20 (16 - 25) 44 (34 - 56) 74   (52 - 106) 118   (90 - 154)
Mississippi 89   (70 - 112) 12   (9 - 15) 27 (22 - 35) 50 (36 - 69) 77 (60 - 99)
Missouri 200 (161 - 249) 26 (20 - 32) 62 (50 - 77) 112   (82 - 153) 175 (138 - 221)
Montana 31 (25 - 38) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (8 - 12) 17 (12 - 23) 26 (21 - 33)
Nebraska 47 (36 - 60) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (12 - 20) 25 (18 - 36) 41 (31 - 53)
Nevada 85   (66 - 108) 11   (8 - 14) 22 (18 - 28) 52 (37 - 72) 74 (57 - 97)
New Hampshire 39 (31 - 50) 5 (4 - 6) 13 (11 - 16) 21 (15 - 30) 34 (27 - 44)
New Jersey 217 (168 - 281) 28 (21 - 37) 59 (46 - 76) 130   (91 - 184) 189 (143 - 250)
New Mexico 63 (50 - 79) 9   (7 - 12) 21 (16 - 26) 33 (23 - 47) 54 (41 - 69)
New York 580 (495 - 680) 62 (52 - 73) 159 (137 - 184) 360 (286 - 452) 519 (436 - 617)
North Carolina 260 (205 - 328) 34 (26 - 43) 76 (61 - 94) 150 (108 - 209) 226 (175 - 291)
North Dakota 14 (10 - 18) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 6   (4 - 10) 12   (9 - 16)
Ohio 329 (287 - 377) 45 (39 - 52) 105   (92 - 119) 179 (144 - 222) 284 (244 - 330)
Oklahoma 132 (103 - 167) 17 (13 - 22) 39 (31 - 49) 76   (54 - 106) 115   (88 - 149)
Oregon 133 (105 - 167) 17 (13 - 21) 37 (29 - 46) 79   (57 - 110) 116   (89 - 149)
Pennsylvania 337 (291 - 392) 44 (37 - 51) 105   (91 - 120) 189 (150 - 238) 294 (249 - 346)
Rhode Island 50 (40 - 61) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 20) 29 (21 - 39) 45 (35 - 56)
South Carolina 115   (90 - 148) 16 (13 - 21) 36 (28 - 45) 63 (44 - 91) 99   (75 - 130)
South Dakota 17 (13 - 22) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 8) 8   (5 - 12) 14 (10 - 19)
Tennessee 263 (210 - 327) 28 (22 - 36) 68 (55 - 84) 166 (122 - 225) 234 (184 - 297)
Texas 745 (654 - 848) 113   (97 - 131) 199 (173 - 228) 433 (355 - 528) 632 (545 - 732)
Utah 68 (54 - 87) 10   (8 - 13) 26 (20 - 33) 32 (22 - 46) 58 (45 - 75)
Vermont 22 (18 - 28) 2 (2 - 3) 8   (7 - 10) 12   (8 - 16) 20 (16 - 25)
Virginia 230 (182 - 291) 29 (23 - 37) 73 (59 - 91) 127   (90 - 178) 201 (155 - 259)
Washington 244 (193 - 307) 29 (23 - 36) 70 (57 - 85) 145 (104 - 202) 215 (167 - 276)
West Virginia 65 (52 - 80) 7 (5 - 9) 20 (16 - 25) 37 (27 - 51) 58 (45 - 73)
Wisconsin 196 (156 - 245) 24 (19 - 30) 59 (47 - 73) 113   (82 - 155) 172 (134 - 219)
Wyoming 17 (13 - 21) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 7) 9   (6 - 12) 14 (11 - 18)
130107
Table 7 – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 5,912 (5,586 - 6,255) 398 (363 - 437) 2,175 (2,068 - 2,288) 3,338 (3,044 - 3,660) 5,513 (5,193 - 5,853)
Northeast 1,140 (1,027 - 1,265) 63 (53 - 75) 410 (376 - 446) 667 (568 - 784) 1,077    (967 - 1,200)
Midwest 1,229 (1,128 - 1,338) 83 (72 - 95) 470 (436 - 507) 676 (586 - 779) 1,146 (1,047 - 1,253)
South 2,100 (1,929 - 2,286) 142 (125 - 163) 742 (689 - 799) 1,215 (1,060 - 1,392) 1,957 (1,790 - 2,140)
West 1,443 (1,297 - 1,604) 110   (93 - 130) 553 (503 - 607) 780 (656 - 926) 1,333 (1,191 - 1,490)
Alabama 75   (56 - 101) 5 (3 - 8) 25 (19 - 34) 45 (30 - 67) 70 (51 - 96)
Alaska 15 (11 - 20) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 8) 8   (5 - 13) 14 (10 - 19)
Arizona 160 (122 - 209) 13   (9 - 19) 56 (44 - 73) 90   (62 - 131) 147 (111 - 194)
Arkansas 51 (39 - 67) 3 (2 - 5) 20 (15 - 26) 27 (19 - 40) 48 (36 - 63)
California 726 (615 - 857) 56 (43 - 72) 281 (242 - 326) 389 (299 - 505) 670 (562 - 798)
Colorado 123   (95 - 159) 8   (5 - 12) 45 (36 - 57) 70   (48 - 101) 115   (88 - 151)
Connecticut 70 (54 - 92) 5 (4 - 7) 26 (20 - 34) 39 (26 - 58) 65 (49 - 87)
Delaware 18 (13 - 24) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (4 - 8) 11   (7 - 16) 17 (12 - 23)
District of Columbia 25 (19 - 33) 0 (0 - 0) 5 (3 - 6) 20 (14 - 28) 25 (18 - 33)
Florida 350 (296 - 413) 23 (18 - 30) 124 (108 - 144) 202 (157 - 260) 327 (275 - 389)
Georgia 194 (142 - 264) 12   (8 - 18) 58 (43 - 77) 124   (83 - 186) 182 (132 - 251)
Hawaii 20 (15 - 28) 1 (1 - 2) 7   (5 - 10) 12   (8 - 19) 19 (14 - 27)
Idaho 21 (16 - 28) 2 (1 - 3) 10   (7 - 13) 9   (6 - 15) 19 (14 - 26)
Illinois 251 (211 - 299) 16 (13 - 21) 90   (77 - 105) 145 (111 - 188) 235 (195 - 282)
Indiana 113   (87 - 147) 8   (5 - 11) 44 (34 - 57) 61 (42 - 89) 105   (80 - 138)
Iowa 44 (33 - 58) 4 (2 - 5) 20 (15 - 26) 21 (14 - 32) 41 (30 - 55)
Kansas 50 (38 - 66) 4 (3 - 6) 22 (16 - 29) 25 (17 - 37) 46 (35 - 62)
Kentucky 73 (56 - 95) 5 (4 - 8) 30 (23 - 38) 38 (26 - 57) 68 (52 - 89)
Louisiana 88   (66 - 118) 4 (3 - 6) 31 (24 - 40) 53 (36 - 79) 84   (63 - 113)
Maine 26 (20 - 33) 2 (1 - 2) 10   (8 - 13) 14   (9 - 21) 24 (18 - 32)
Maryland 109   (82 - 145) 6 (4 - 9) 34 (26 - 45) 69 (47 - 100) 103 (77 - 138)
Massachusetts 163 (125 - 213) 8   (5 - 12) 59 (46 - 76) 96   (66 - 139) 155 (118 - 204)
Michigan 171 (144 - 204) 10   (8 - 14) 68 (58 - 78) 93   (71 - 123) 161 (134 - 193)
Minnesota 97   (73 - 128) 8   (5 - 11) 35 (27 - 45) 54 (36 - 82) 89   (66 - 120)
Mississippi 38 (27 - 54) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (9 - 17) 24 (15 - 37) 36 (25 - 51)
Missouri 105   (79 - 139) 8   (5 - 12) 38 (29 - 50) 59 (39 - 87) 97   (72 - 130)
Montana 19 (14 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 9   (7 - 11) 9   (6 - 13) 18 (13 - 23)
Nebraska 28 (21 - 37) 2 (1 - 3) 12   (9 - 16) 14   (9 - 21) 26 (19 - 35)
Nevada 48 (35 - 65) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (12 - 21) 27 (18 - 42) 43 (31 - 60)
New Hampshire 29 (22 - 37) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 15) 15 (10 - 22) 27 (21 - 35)
New Jersey 137 (101 - 187) 10   (6 - 14) 48 (35 - 64) 80   (52 - 123) 128   (93 - 177)
New Mexico 45 (34 - 59) 4 (2 - 5) 17 (13 - 23) 23 (15 - 35) 41 (30 - 54)
New York 448 (376 - 535) 21 (16 - 28) 154 (132 - 178) 274 (212 - 353) 427 (356 - 513)
North Carolina 178 (134 - 235) 9   (6 - 14) 62 (48 - 79) 106   (72 - 156) 168 (126 - 225)
North Dakota 9   (7 - 13) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 7) 8   (6 - 12)
Ohio 240 (203 - 283) 14 (11 - 18) 90   (79 - 103) 135 (105 - 174) 226 (190 - 268)
Oklahoma 54 (39 - 74) 4 (3 - 7) 22 (16 - 30) 28 (18 - 43) 50 (36 - 69)
Oregon 74 (56 - 96) 6 (4 - 8) 26 (20 - 33) 42 (29 - 61) 68 (51 - 90)
Pennsylvania 213 (178 - 256) 14 (10 - 18) 80 (68 - 94) 120   (91 - 157) 200 (166 - 241)
Rhode Island 37 (28 - 47) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 16) 22 (16 - 32) 35 (27 - 45)
South Carolina 74 (55 - 99) 4 (3 - 6) 26 (20 - 34) 43 (29 - 65) 69 (51 - 94)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 15) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 9) 11   (8 - 14)
Tennessee 139 (106 - 182) 7   (5 - 11) 52 (40 - 66) 80   (55 - 116) 132 (100 - 173)
Texas 432 (364 - 512) 43 (33 - 55) 156 (133 - 184) 233 (179 - 304) 389 (324 - 467)
Utah 45 (34 - 60) 3 (2 - 5) 22 (17 - 29) 20 (13 - 31) 42 (31 - 56)
Vermont 16 (13 - 21) 1 (1 - 1) 7 (6 - 9) 8   (6 - 12) 15 (12 - 20)
Virginia 165 (126 - 215) 9   (6 - 13) 64 (50 - 81) 92   (62 - 135) 156 (118 - 205)
Washington 137 (105 - 177) 10   (7 - 14) 52 (41 - 67) 75   (51 - 109) 127   (97 - 166)
West Virginia 36 (28 - 47) 2 (1 - 3) 15 (12 - 19) 19 (13 - 28) 34 (26 - 45)
Wisconsin 109   (83 - 143) 8   (6 - 11) 42 (33 - 54) 59 (39 - 88) 101   (76 - 134)
Wyoming 11   (8 - 14) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 8) 10   (8 - 13)
130107
Table 8 – Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 12,583 (12,145 - 13,037) 1,753 (1,676 - 1,833) 4,029 (3,893 - 4,169) 6,801 (6,408 - 7,219) 10,830 (10,400 - 11,278)
Northeast 1,987 (1,848 - 2,138) 255 (233 - 277) 666 (623 - 712) 1,067    (950 - 1,198) 1,733 (1,599 - 1,879)
Midwest 2,779 (2,634 - 2,929) 393 (369 - 418) 932 (887 - 978) 1,454 (1,333 - 1,585) 2,386 (2,248 - 2,530)
South 4,640 (4,394 - 4,898) 668 (629 - 709) 1,433 (1,363 - 1,506) 2,539 (2,330 - 2,767) 3,972 (3,737 - 4,221)
West 3,177 (2,959 - 3,411) 438 (400 - 479) 998   (935 - 1,065) 1,741 (1,556 - 1,948) 2,739 (2,532 - 2,963)
Alabama 227 (186 - 276) 34 (28 - 42) 69 (57 - 82) 124   (93 - 165) 193 (155 - 238)
Alaska 27 (22 - 34) 5 (4 - 6) 8   (7 - 10) 14 (10 - 19) 23 (18 - 29)
Arizona 327 (267 - 398) 46 (37 - 57) 92   (76 - 111) 188 (141 - 249) 280 (225 - 347)
Arkansas 171 (143 - 204) 22 (18 - 27) 54 (46 - 63) 95   (73 - 123) 149 (122 - 180)
California 1,586 (1,414 - 1,777) 213 (184 - 246) 508 (457 - 564) 865    (723 - 1,033) 1,373 (1,211 - 1,555)
Colorado 217 (177 - 266) 29 (23 - 36) 68 (56 - 82) 121   (90 - 161) 188 (151 - 235)
Connecticut 123   (99 - 152) 16 (12 - 20) 43 (35 - 52) 65 (47 - 88) 107   (85 - 135)
Delaware 34 (28 - 41) 5 (4 - 6) 11   (9 - 13) 18 (14 - 24) 29 (23 - 36)
District of Columbia 20 (16 - 25) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 16) 18 (14 - 23)
Florida 710 (632 - 797) 100   (87 - 114) 216 (194 - 241) 394 (328 - 472) 610 (537 - 694)
Georgia 398 (321 - 490) 56 (45 - 70) 118   (96 - 144) 223 (166 - 300) 341 (271 - 428)
Hawaii 37 (29 - 49) 5 (4 - 7) 11   (8 - 14) 21 (15 - 31) 32 (24 - 43)
Idaho 72 (59 - 87) 11   (9 - 13) 23 (19 - 27) 38 (29 - 51) 61 (49 - 75)
Illinois 452 (399 - 511) 64 (55 - 73) 147 (130 - 167) 241 (199 - 291) 388 (339 - 445)
Indiana 324 (271 - 386) 42 (34 - 51) 107   (91 - 125) 176 (135 - 229) 282 (233 - 341)
Iowa 95   (77 - 118) 14 (11 - 18) 35 (28 - 43) 46 (33 - 64) 81   (64 - 102)
Kansas 108   (88 - 133) 18 (14 - 22) 37 (30 - 45) 54 (40 - 73) 91   (72 - 114)
Kentucky 219 (183 - 261) 29 (23 - 35) 70 (60 - 82) 120   (91 - 157) 190 (157 - 230)
Louisiana 218 (179 - 264) 31 (25 - 39) 67 (56 - 81) 119   (89 - 158) 186 (150 - 230)
Maine 51 (42 - 62) 7 (5 - 8) 18 (15 - 21) 27 (20 - 36) 44 (36 - 55)
Maryland 199 (161 - 246) 27 (22 - 35) 64 (52 - 78) 108   (80 - 146) 172 (136 - 216)
Massachusetts 308 (253 - 375) 32 (25 - 41) 110   (91 - 131) 166 (125 - 222) 276 (224 - 340)
Michigan 472 (424 - 525) 68 (60 - 76) 148 (133 - 164) 256 (217 - 303) 404 (359 - 455)
Minnesota 186 (150 - 231) 26 (20 - 33) 66 (54 - 81) 94   (68 - 131) 161 (127 - 203)
Mississippi 99   (79 - 123) 14 (11 - 18) 35 (28 - 43) 50 (36 - 69) 85   (67 - 107)
Missouri 245 (202 - 297) 36 (29 - 45) 79 (66 - 94) 130   (98 - 173) 209 (170 - 257)
Montana 44 (37 - 53) 7 (6 - 8) 15 (13 - 18) 22 (17 - 29) 37 (30 - 45)
Nebraska 54 (43 - 68) 8   (6 - 10) 21 (17 - 26) 26 (18 - 37) 47 (36 - 60)
Nevada 129 (105 - 158) 18 (14 - 22) 38 (32 - 45) 73 (54 - 98) 111   (89 - 139)
New Hampshire 54 (44 - 65) 7 (6 - 9) 19 (16 - 23) 27 (20 - 37) 47 (38 - 57)
New Jersey 259 (204 - 328) 37 (29 - 48) 80   (63 - 100) 142 (101 - 198) 222 (171 - 287)
New Mexico 98   (79 - 120) 15 (12 - 19) 27 (22 - 34) 55 (40 - 75) 82   (65 - 104)
New York 668 (585 - 763) 83 (71 - 97) 218 (192 - 247) 367 (299 - 451) 585 (506 - 677)
North Carolina 342 (279 - 419) 49 (39 - 61) 113   (93 - 136) 181 (133 - 244) 293 (235 - 365)
North Dakota 22 (18 - 27) 3 (3 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 10   (7 - 14) 18 (15 - 23)
Ohio 529 (479 - 583) 74 (65 - 84) 188 (171 - 205) 267 (226 - 315) 455 (408 - 506)
Oklahoma 203 (165 - 248) 30 (24 - 37) 61 (51 - 74) 112   (83 - 149) 173 (139 - 216)
Oregon 167 (138 - 202) 22 (17 - 27) 58 (49 - 69) 87   (65 - 116) 146 (118 - 178)
Pennsylvania 445 (394 - 502) 64 (56 - 74) 148 (132 - 167) 232 (191 - 282) 381 (333 - 435)
Rhode Island 54 (45 - 66) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (17 - 24) 28 (21 - 38) 49 (40 - 60)
South Carolina 167 (137 - 205) 23 (19 - 29) 59 (49 - 71) 85   (63 - 115) 144 (116 - 179)
South Dakota 22 (17 - 27) 3 (3 - 4) 8   (7 - 10) 10   (7 - 14) 18 (14 - 23)
Tennessee 350 (289 - 422) 45 (37 - 54) 99   (83 - 117) 207 (157 - 270) 305 (248 - 374)
Texas 885    (783 - 1,000) 148 (129 - 169) 259 (228 - 294) 478 (395 - 578) 737 (642 - 846)
Utah 105   (87 - 128) 16 (13 - 21) 40 (33 - 50) 49 (36 - 65) 89   (72 - 110)
Vermont 25 (21 - 30) 3 (3 - 4) 10   (8 - 12) 12   (9 - 16) 22 (18 - 27)
Virginia 319 (262 - 388) 43 (35 - 54) 103   (85 - 124) 173 (129 - 230) 275 (223 - 340)
Washington 347 (291 - 414) 48 (39 - 58) 102   (85 - 120) 198 (153 - 255) 300 (247 - 363)
West Virginia 79 (65 - 96) 10   (8 - 12) 28 (23 - 33) 42 (31 - 56) 70 (56 - 86)
Wisconsin 269 (223 - 325) 38 (31 - 46) 88   (73 - 104) 143 (108 - 190) 231 (188 - 284)
Wyoming 21 (17 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 10   (8 - 14) 18 (14 - 22)
130107
Table 9 – Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 126,128 (124,658 - 127,567) 4,134 (4,017 - 4,254) 20,173 (19,924 - 20,420) 101,820 (100,424 - 103,184) 121,994 (120,543 - 123,411)
Northeast 25,687 (25,204 - 26,166) 825 (787 - 865) 3,923 (3,845 - 4,000) 20,938 (20,480 - 21,393) 24,862 (24,383 - 25,337)
Midwest 29,523 (29,084 - 29,958) 961    (924 - 1,000) 4,902 (4,821 - 4,981) 23,660 (23,249 - 24,066) 28,562 (28,126 - 28,991)
South 42,226 (41,487 - 42,953) 1,386 (1,332 - 1,441) 6,719 (6,593 - 6,845) 34,121 (33,424 - 34,801) 40,840 (40,102 - 41,561)
West 28,692 (28,087 - 29,295) 962    (909 - 1,017) 4,629 (4,518 - 4,738) 23,101 (22,522 - 23,677) 27,730 (27,127 - 28,329)
Alabama 1,524 (1,411 - 1,640) 58 (50 - 67) 261 (242 - 281) 1,205 (1,099 - 1,314) 1,466 (1,354 - 1,580)
Alaska 287 (271 - 304) 10   (8 - 11) 46 (43 - 49) 232 (216 - 247) 278 (261 - 294)
Arizona 2,606 (2,450 - 2,761) 88    (76 - 102) 390 (364 - 416) 2,127 (1,982 - 2,269) 2,517 (2,364 - 2,668)
Arkansas 1,012    (939 - 1,085) 40 (35 - 46) 164 (153 - 175) 808 (740 - 877) 972    (900 - 1,044)
California 14,686 (14,190 - 15,180) 505 (462 - 551) 2,478 (2,390 - 2,565) 11,703 (11,221 - 12,182) 14,181 (13,686 - 14,673)
Colorado 2,360 (2,234 - 2,483) 70 (61 - 80) 357 (337 - 375) 1,933 (1,814 - 2,047) 2,290 (2,165 - 2,409)
Connecticut 1,813 (1,723 - 1,900) 57 (50 - 65) 254 (241 - 266) 1,501 (1,415 - 1,583) 1,756 (1,667 - 1,840)
Delaware 382 (359 - 405) 11   (9 - 13) 60 (56 - 63) 311 (290 - 333) 371 (348 - 393)
District of Columbia 292 (276 - 307) 5 (5 - 6) 58 (55 - 61) 229 (214 - 243) 287 (271 - 301)
Florida 8,018 (7,759 - 8,276) 233 (213 - 255) 1,052 (1,014 - 1,090) 6,732 (6,479 - 6,984) 7,785 (7,527 - 8,041)
Georgia 3,519 (3,269 - 3,775) 118 (101 - 136) 536 (496 - 576) 2,865 (2,629 - 3,102) 3,402 (3,152 - 3,651)
Hawaii 502 (466 - 538) 14 (12 - 17) 77 (72 - 82) 410 (376 - 445) 488 (452 - 523)
Idaho 502 (465 - 540) 19 (16 - 22) 85 (78 - 92) 398 (364 - 433) 483 (447 - 520)
Illinois 5,551 (5,379 - 5,723) 179 (165 - 195) 935 (905 - 964) 4,437 (4,272 - 4,601) 5,372 (5,201 - 5,541)
Indiana 2,599 (2,442 - 2,756) 80 (69 - 93) 421 (396 - 445) 2,098 (1,947 - 2,247) 2,518 (2,363 - 2,672)
Iowa 1,305 (1,228 - 1,380) 43 (37 - 49) 227 (215 - 239) 1,035    (964 - 1,105) 1,262 (1,187 - 1,336)
Kansas 1,181 (1,112 - 1,250) 42 (37 - 49) 214 (201 - 227) 925 (860 - 988) 1,139 (1,071 - 1,206)
Kentucky 1,451 (1,344 - 1,560) 55 (48 - 63) 250 (234 - 266) 1,146 (1,044 - 1,250) 1,396 (1,290 - 1,502)
Louisiana 1,745 (1,630 - 1,863) 62 (54 - 72) 303 (283 - 322) 1,380 (1,270 - 1,489) 1,683 (1,568 - 1,796)
Maine 596 (559 - 634) 19 (16 - 21) 85 (80 - 89) 493 (457 - 528) 578 (540 - 614)
Maryland 2,498 (2,357 - 2,637) 75 (65 - 86) 388 (367 - 409) 2,035 (1,901 - 2,166) 2,423 (2,284 - 2,560)
Massachusetts 3,267 (3,093 - 3,436) 95   (82 - 108) 516 (490 - 540) 2,657 (2,492 - 2,814) 3,173 (3,000 - 3,338)
Michigan 4,643 (4,505 - 4,779) 143 (131 - 156) 741 (720 - 763) 3,758 (3,625 - 3,889) 4,500 (4,363 - 4,635)
Minnesota 2,609 (2,474 - 2,739) 75 (65 - 87) 425 (404 - 444) 2,108 (1,981 - 2,230) 2,533 (2,399 - 2,661)
Mississippi 871 (798 - 946) 32 (27 - 37) 160 (146 - 173) 679 (612 - 749) 839 (767 - 912)
Missouri 2,441 (2,290 - 2,592) 81 (70 - 93) 405 (382 - 426) 1,955 (1,812 - 2,097) 2,360 (2,210 - 2,507)
Montana 441 (417 - 466) 15 (13 - 17) 71 (67 - 75) 355 (332 - 378) 426 (402 - 450)
Nebraska 773 (725 - 820) 27 (24 - 31) 142 (134 - 149) 604 (559 - 647) 746 (698 - 791)
Nevada 1,082 (1,010 - 1,153) 32 (27 - 37) 147 (136 - 157) 904 (836 - 971) 1,050    (979 - 1,120)
New Hampshire 689 (655 - 722) 20 (17 - 23) 99   (94 - 103) 570 (537 - 601) 669 (635 - 702)
New Jersey 3,987 (3,759 - 4,213) 131 (114 - 149) 561 (529 - 591) 3,295 (3,075 - 3,510) 3,857 (3,630 - 4,078)
New Mexico 711 (657 - 767) 29 (25 - 33) 134 (125 - 143) 548 (497 - 600) 682 (628 - 736)
New York 8,894 (8,601 - 9,184) 300 (276 - 326) 1,417 (1,370 - 1,463) 7,177 (6,896 - 7,454) 8,594 (8,303 - 8,880)
North Carolina 3,109 (2,872 - 3,352) 103   (89 - 119) 486 (452 - 519) 2,521 (2,294 - 2,752) 3,006 (2,771 - 3,245)
North Dakota 320 (303 - 337) 11   (9 - 12) 67 (64 - 70) 243 (226 - 258) 309 (292 - 326)
Ohio 4,869 (4,714 - 5,024) 175 (162 - 190) 811 (787 - 834) 3,883 (3,733 - 4,031) 4,694 (4,539 - 4,847)
Oklahoma 1,242 (1,147 - 1,339) 43 (37 - 51) 227 (210 - 245) 971    (883 - 1,061) 1,199 (1,105 - 1,293)
Oregon 1,746 (1,647 - 1,844) 52 (45 - 60) 237 (222 - 251) 1,457 (1,364 - 1,548) 1,694 (1,596 - 1,789)
Pennsylvania 5,553 (5,372 - 5,733) 174 (160 - 190) 847 (818 - 874) 4,532 (4,358 - 4,705) 5,379 (5,200 - 5,556)
Rhode Island 564 (536 - 592) 18 (16 - 21) 95   (91 - 100) 450 (424 - 476) 546 (518 - 573)
South Carolina 1,689 (1,578 - 1,801) 53 (45 - 61) 267 (249 - 284) 1,370 (1,264 - 1,476) 1,637 (1,526 - 1,747)
South Dakota 371 (351 - 391) 12 (11 - 14) 66 (62 - 69) 292 (273 - 311) 358 (338 - 377)
Tennessee 2,044 (1,885 - 2,208) 67 (58 - 78) 323 (298 - 347) 1,654 (1,503 - 1,809) 1,977 (1,819 - 2,137)
Texas 8,955 (8,644 - 9,266) 311 (285 - 340) 1,565 (1,509 - 1,620) 7,079 (6,782 - 7,376) 8,644 (8,335 - 8,952)
Utah 618 (559 - 680) 24 (19 - 30) 131 (116 - 147) 463 (408 - 521) 594 (536 - 655)
Vermont 322 (305 - 339) 11 (10 - 12) 49 (46 - 51) 262 (246 - 278) 311 (294 - 328)
Virginia 3,305 (3,112 - 3,497) 98   (85 - 113) 520 (490 - 549) 2,686 (2,503 - 2,866) 3,207 (3,015 - 3,394)
Washington 2,908 (2,738 - 3,077) 96   (83 - 110) 434 (408 - 458) 2,379 (2,216 - 2,538) 2,813 (2,644 - 2,977)
West Virginia 569 (522 - 618) 21 (18 - 24) 100   (93 - 106) 449 (404 - 496) 549 (502 - 597)
Wisconsin 2,862 (2,721 - 2,999) 92   (80 - 104) 449 (427 - 469) 2,322 (2,188 - 2,450) 2,771 (2,630 - 2,905)
Wyoming 242 (229 - 256) 9   (8 - 10) 42 (40 - 44) 192 (179 - 204) 234 (220 - 247)
130107
Table 10 – Binge Alcohol Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 57,272 (56,236 - 58,315) 2,539 (2,445 - 2,637) 13,774 (13,525 - 14,024) 40,959 (40,001 - 41,927) 54,733 (53,699 - 55,773)
Northeast 11,050 (10,681 - 11,429) 506 (474 - 539) 2,704 (2,632 - 2,777) 7,840 (7,490 - 8,203) 10,544 (10,178 - 10,922)
Midwest 14,159 (13,796 - 14,527) 601 (571 - 634) 3,481 (3,409 - 3,552) 10,077   (9,732 - 10,430) 13,558 (13,196 - 13,924)
South 19,495 (18,968 - 20,029) 836 (793 - 882) 4,511 (4,402 - 4,620) 14,148 (13,647 - 14,658) 18,659 (18,133 - 19,189)
West 12,568 (12,116 - 13,033) 596 (550 - 645) 3,079 (2,981 - 3,177) 8,894 (8,466 - 9,337) 11,972 (11,523 - 12,434)
Alabama 714 (634 - 802) 34 (28 - 41) 166 (149 - 184) 514 (441 - 597) 680 (601 - 767)
Alaska 122 (109 - 135) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (27 - 33) 85 (74 - 98) 116 (103 - 129)
Arizona 1,161 (1,042 - 1,290) 54 (44 - 66) 253 (227 - 281) 854 (746 - 973) 1,107    (990 - 1,233)
Arkansas 515 (464 - 571) 25 (21 - 30) 119 (108 - 131) 371 (325 - 422) 490 (440 - 545)
California 6,432 (6,062 - 6,819) 318 (281 - 359) 1,610 (1,529 - 1,692) 4,505 (4,156 - 4,874) 6,114 (5,748 - 6,499)
Colorado 1,028    (934 - 1,129) 44 (37 - 52) 248 (227 - 268) 737 (650 - 830) 984    (891 - 1,084)
Connecticut 734 (664 - 808) 39 (33 - 47) 177 (162 - 193) 517 (454 - 586) 694 (626 - 768)
Delaware 163 (148 - 180) 6 (5 - 8) 41 (37 - 45) 116 (102 - 132) 157 (141 - 174)
District of Columbia 141 (128 - 155) 3 (2 - 4) 39 (36 - 42) 99   (88 - 112) 139 (126 - 152)
Florida 3,501 (3,296 - 3,715) 144 (128 - 162) 698 (662 - 734) 2,659 (2,461 - 2,868) 3,357 (3,153 - 3,570)
Georgia 1,604 (1,424 - 1,800) 69 (57 - 84) 364 (326 - 403) 1,171 (1,009 - 1,352) 1,535 (1,357 - 1,728)
Hawaii 237 (211 - 266) 9   (7 - 11) 54 (49 - 59) 174 (150 - 201) 228 (202 - 256)
Idaho 235 (210 - 262) 12 (10 - 15) 64 (58 - 70) 160 (137 - 184) 223 (199 - 250)
Illinois 2,767 (2,622 - 2,918) 113 (102 - 126) 670 (640 - 699) 1,984 (1,846 - 2,129) 2,654 (2,510 - 2,803)
Indiana 1,163 (1,052 - 1,281) 52 (43 - 62) 287 (263 - 312) 823 (723 - 933) 1,111 (1,002 - 1,227)
Iowa 680 (620 - 743) 27 (22 - 32) 170 (156 - 183) 484 (430 - 543) 654 (594 - 715)
Kansas 573 (520 - 630) 27 (22 - 32) 158 (145 - 172) 388 (340 - 441) 547 (494 - 603)
Kentucky 738 (662 - 820) 34 (28 - 41) 174 (158 - 191) 531 (461 - 607) 704 (629 - 785)
Louisiana 851 (766 - 943) 37 (31 - 44) 197 (180 - 215) 617 (539 - 702) 814 (730 - 904)
Maine 258 (233 - 285) 11   (9 - 14) 60 (55 - 65) 187 (164 - 213) 247 (222 - 274)
Maryland 978    (876 - 1,089) 46 (38 - 55) 238 (217 - 260) 694 (601 - 798) 932    (831 - 1,042)
Massachusetts 1,447 (1,311 - 1,592) 60 (50 - 71) 376 (347 - 404) 1,011    (887 - 1,147) 1,387 (1,253 - 1,530)
Michigan 2,109 (1,996 - 2,228) 85 (76 - 95) 504 (481 - 526) 1,521 (1,413 - 1,635) 2,025 (1,911 - 2,143)
Minnesota 1,235 (1,126 - 1,349) 52 (44 - 61) 306 (283 - 329) 877 (778 - 984) 1,183 (1,076 - 1,296)
Mississippi 439 (387 - 496) 19 (15 - 23) 106   (94 - 118) 315 (268 - 368) 421 (369 - 477)
Missouri 1,177 (1,067 - 1,295) 51 (42 - 61) 285 (261 - 308) 842 (742 - 951) 1,127 (1,017 - 1,242)
Montana 214 (195 - 234) 10   (8 - 12) 57 (53 - 61) 148 (131 - 166) 204 (186 - 224)
Nebraska 352 (318 - 386) 16 (14 - 20) 95   (87 - 103) 240 (211 - 273) 335 (302 - 369)
Nevada 498 (446 - 554) 21 (17 - 26) 98   (88 - 108) 379 (332 - 431) 477 (426 - 532)
New Hampshire 285 (259 - 313) 13 (11 - 16) 72 (67 - 78) 200 (176 - 225) 272 (246 - 299)
New Jersey 1,662 (1,496 - 1,842) 88   (74 - 106) 373 (340 - 406) 1,201 (1,048 - 1,369) 1,574 (1,410 - 1,751)
New Mexico 335 (298 - 374) 16 (14 - 20) 91   (82 - 100) 228 (195 - 264) 318 (282 - 357)
New York 3,751 (3,529 - 3,984) 170 (152 - 190) 927 (882 - 972) 2,654 (2,444 - 2,877) 3,581 (3,360 - 3,812)
North Carolina 1,495 (1,333 - 1,673) 61 (51 - 72) 336 (304 - 369) 1,098    (949 - 1,265) 1,435 (1,274 - 1,610)
North Dakota 170 (156 - 184) 6 (5 - 8) 51 (48 - 55) 112 (100 - 125) 164 (150 - 177)
Ohio 2,406 (2,282 - 2,536) 107   (97 - 119) 578 (553 - 603) 1,721 (1,603 - 1,844) 2,299 (2,176 - 2,427)
Oklahoma 618 (547 - 694) 25 (20 - 31) 155 (138 - 173) 437 (375 - 507) 592 (523 - 667)
Oregon 676 (606 - 752) 29 (24 - 35) 158 (143 - 173) 489 (426 - 560) 647 (577 - 722)
Pennsylvania 2,525 (2,383 - 2,673) 106   (95 - 119) 615 (588 - 643) 1,803 (1,669 - 1,945) 2,419 (2,278 - 2,565)
Rhode Island 251 (228 - 275) 10   (9 - 13) 66 (61 - 71) 175 (154 - 197) 241 (218 - 265)
South Carolina 778 (696 - 866) 29 (23 - 35) 172 (156 - 188) 577 (501 - 660) 749 (668 - 836)
South Dakota 183 (167 - 199) 8 (6 - 9) 48 (45 - 52) 127 (113 - 142) 175 (160 - 191)
Tennessee 965 (859 - 1,081) 42 (34 - 50) 230 (207 - 253) 694 (598 - 802) 924    (818 - 1,038)
Texas 4,293 (4,053 - 4,543) 190 (170 - 213) 1,060 (1,004 - 1,117) 3,043 (2,818 - 3,280) 4,102 (3,864 - 4,351)
Utah 314 (276 - 356) 16 (12 - 20) 96   (83 - 110) 203 (170 - 241) 298 (261 - 340)
Vermont 137 (124 - 150) 7 (6 - 8) 37 (35 - 40) 93   (82 - 105) 130 (118 - 143)
Virginia 1,413 (1,277 - 1,560) 60 (50 - 72) 343 (312 - 375) 1,010    (887 - 1,145) 1,353 (1,219 - 1,497)
Washington 1,200 (1,082 - 1,328) 55 (46 - 67) 291 (266 - 317) 854 (746 - 973) 1,145 (1,028 - 1,270)
West Virginia 287 (256 - 320) 12 (10 - 15) 73 (66 - 80) 202 (173 - 234) 274 (244 - 307)
Wisconsin 1,344 (1,225 - 1,470) 58 (49 - 68) 329 (305 - 352) 957    (848 - 1,076) 1,286 (1,169 - 1,411)
Wyoming 116 (105 - 127) 5 (4 - 7) 30 (28 - 33) 80 (70 - 90) 110 (100 - 121)
130107
Table 11 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 103,927 (102,660 - 105,203) 9,948   (9,792 - 10,106) 10,782 (10,572 - 10,994) 83,197 (81,978 - 84,424) 93,979 (92,726 - 95,240)
Northeast 18,484 (18,034 - 18,936) 1,703 (1,652 - 1,754) 1,787 (1,718 - 1,858) 14,994 (14,558 - 15,432) 16,781 (16,339 - 17,225)
Midwest 20,835 (20,422 - 21,251) 2,090 (2,039 - 2,141) 2,055 (1,991 - 2,120) 16,690 (16,291 - 17,091) 18,745 (18,340 - 19,153)
South 39,957 (39,253 - 40,668) 3,782 (3,697 - 3,868) 4,177 (4,070 - 4,286) 31,998 (31,311 - 32,689) 36,175 (35,482 - 36,875)
West 24,651 (24,066 - 25,236) 2,373 (2,297 - 2,450) 2,762 (2,664 - 2,862) 19,516 (18,954 - 20,079) 22,278 (21,706 - 22,850)
Alabama 1,715 (1,601 - 1,830) 163 (149 - 176) 180 (163 - 198) 1,372 (1,264 - 1,480) 1,552 (1,441 - 1,664)
Alaska 202 (186 - 219) 24 (22 - 27) 21 (18 - 23) 157 (142 - 173) 178 (162 - 194)
Arizona 2,084 (1,932 - 2,240) 188 (169 - 208) 229 (204 - 256) 1,667 (1,524 - 1,812) 1,896 (1,749 - 2,046)
Arkansas 951    (884 - 1,019) 93   (85 - 101) 104   (93 - 115) 755 (692 - 818) 858 (794 - 924)
California 13,514 (13,022 - 14,006) 1,322 (1,257 - 1,387) 1,588 (1,503 - 1,674) 10,604 (10,134 - 11,076) 12,192 (11,713 - 12,672)
Colorado 1,476 (1,362 - 1,594) 133 (121 - 146) 132 (116 - 150) 1,211 (1,103 - 1,322) 1,343 (1,232 - 1,458)
Connecticut 1,142 (1,054 - 1,232) 105   (94 - 115) 103   (90 - 118) 934    (851 - 1,019) 1,037    (952 - 1,125)
Delaware 289 (267 - 311) 29 (26 - 31) 30 (26 - 34) 230 (210 - 251) 260 (239 - 282)
District of Columbia 216 (201 - 231) 16 (15 - 18) 27 (23 - 30) 173 (159 - 187) 199 (185 - 214)
Florida 6,776 (6,514 - 7,040) 564 (537 - 591) 676 (641 - 712) 5,536 (5,280 - 5,794) 6,212 (5,953 - 6,474)
Georgia 3,516 (3,280 - 3,755) 360 (331 - 389) 356 (318 - 396) 2,801 (2,580 - 3,022) 3,156 (2,929 - 3,387)
Hawaii 453 (418 - 488) 42 (38 - 46) 44 (39 - 49) 367 (334 - 400) 411 (377 - 445)
Idaho 504 (469 - 540) 51 (47 - 56) 53 (47 - 59) 400 (367 - 434) 453 (419 - 488)
Illinois 4,258 (4,078 - 4,440) 432 (411 - 454) 458 (430 - 486) 3,368 (3,196 - 3,543) 3,826 (3,650 - 4,004)
Indiana 1,966 (1,820 - 2,116) 202 (185 - 220) 195 (174 - 216) 1,569 (1,430 - 1,712) 1,764 (1,622 - 1,910)
Iowa 896 (828 - 966) 93   (85 - 102) 85 (74 - 96) 718 (654 - 783) 803 (737 - 871)
Kansas 872 (806 - 939) 89 (81 - 97) 79 (68 - 91) 704 (642 - 768) 783 (719 - 848)
Kentucky 1,444 (1,344 - 1,548) 139 (128 - 150) 134 (120 - 149) 1,172 (1,077 - 1,269) 1,306 (1,208 - 1,406)
Louisiana 1,553 (1,450 - 1,656) 161 (147 - 174) 199 (181 - 217) 1,193 (1,097 - 1,291) 1,392 (1,293 - 1,492)
Maine 445 (411 - 479) 37 (33 - 40) 30 (26 - 34) 378 (346 - 411) 408 (375 - 442)
Maryland 2,042 (1,912 - 2,174) 196 (180 - 213) 212 (192 - 233) 1,634 (1,512 - 1,758) 1,846 (1,720 - 1,973)
Massachusetts 1,928 (1,769 - 2,093) 175 (158 - 193) 190 (168 - 215) 1,562 (1,411 - 1,720) 1,753 (1,597 - 1,914)
Michigan 3,220 (3,088 - 3,354) 327 (312 - 343) 318 (299 - 338) 2,574 (2,448 - 2,703) 2,893 (2,763 - 3,024)
Minnesota 1,496 (1,368 - 1,630) 155 (141 - 170) 146 (128 - 167) 1,195 (1,074 - 1,321) 1,341 (1,217 - 1,471)
Mississippi 1,119 (1,048 - 1,191) 120 (111 - 130) 135 (123 - 148) 863 (797 - 930) 998    (930 - 1,068)
Missouri 1,903 (1,767 - 2,043) 176 (160 - 194) 170 (151 - 191) 1,557 (1,430 - 1,687) 1,727 (1,596 - 1,861)
Montana 309 (286 - 333) 26 (24 - 29) 29 (25 - 32) 254 (232 - 277) 283 (260 - 306)
Nebraska 543 (501 - 588) 55 (50 - 60) 54 (47 - 61) 434 (395 - 475) 488 (448 - 531)
Nevada 881 (818 - 946) 81 (74 - 89) 85 (76 - 96) 715 (655 - 775) 800 (738 - 863)
New Hampshire 371 (339 - 404) 35 (32 - 39) 28 (24 - 32) 308 (278 - 339) 336 (305 - 368)
New Jersey 3,208 (2,994 - 3,425) 296 (271 - 322) 302 (270 - 336) 2,610 (2,408 - 2,814) 2,912 (2,704 - 3,122)
New Mexico 761 (709 - 813) 69 (63 - 75) 83 (75 - 92) 609 (560 - 657) 692 (642 - 743)
New York 6,893 (6,619 - 7,170) 633 (602 - 665) 711 (666 - 756) 5,549 (5,284 - 5,817) 6,260 (5,990 - 6,532)
North Carolina 3,317 (3,088 - 3,548) 292 (269 - 317) 299 (269 - 331) 2,725 (2,505 - 2,946) 3,024 (2,801 - 3,250)
North Dakota 186 (171 - 202) 17 (15 - 19) 21 (19 - 24) 148 (134 - 162) 169 (154 - 184)
Ohio 3,656 (3,503 - 3,810) 357 (340 - 374) 349 (327 - 372) 2,950 (2,802 - 3,100) 3,299 (3,149 - 3,451)
Oklahoma 1,277 (1,181 - 1,375) 119 (108 - 131) 140 (124 - 157) 1,018    (929 - 1,108) 1,158 (1,065 - 1,253)
Oregon 1,204 (1,114 - 1,296) 108   (99 - 119) 117 (104 - 130) 979    (894 - 1,066) 1,095 (1,008 - 1,185)
Pennsylvania 3,961 (3,783 - 4,143) 373 (355 - 392) 375 (350 - 400) 3,213 (3,041 - 3,389) 3,588 (3,413 - 3,766)
Rhode Island 342 (315 - 370) 31 (28 - 34) 35 (31 - 40) 276 (251 - 302) 311 (285 - 338)
South Carolina 1,577 (1,465 - 1,690) 151 (138 - 165) 155 (140 - 172) 1,270 (1,165 - 1,377) 1,426 (1,318 - 1,535)
South Dakota 227 (209 - 246) 22 (20 - 24) 21 (18 - 24) 184 (167 - 202) 205 (187 - 224)
Tennessee 2,305 (2,156 - 2,458) 201 (185 - 218) 209 (188 - 232) 1,895 (1,751 - 2,039) 2,104 (1,958 - 2,253)
Texas 8,478 (8,171 - 8,786) 876 (833 - 919) 1,003    (948 - 1,058) 6,600 (6,304 - 6,897) 7,602 (7,300 - 7,905)
Utah 1,002    (940 - 1,065) 122 (112 - 132) 162 (147 - 178) 718 (660 - 776) 880 (820 - 941)
Vermont 193 (177 - 210) 17 (15 - 18) 13 (12 - 16) 163 (148 - 179) 177 (161 - 193)
Virginia 2,741 (2,557 - 2,928) 247 (226 - 268) 258 (229 - 288) 2,237 (2,062 - 2,414) 2,494 (2,314 - 2,677)
Washington 2,099 (1,939 - 2,264) 191 (174 - 210) 204 (181 - 228) 1,704 (1,552 - 1,860) 1,908 (1,752 - 2,068)
West Virginia 643 (597 - 690) 56 (51 - 60) 61 (55 - 68) 526 (481 - 571) 587 (542 - 633)
Wisconsin 1,612 (1,483 - 1,746) 164 (149 - 179) 160 (140 - 180) 1,289 (1,167 - 1,416) 1,448 (1,322 - 1,579)
Wyoming 162 (150 - 175) 15 (14 - 17) 15 (13 - 17) 132 (120 - 144) 147 (135 - 159)
130107
Table 12 – Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past
Month (Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Confidence Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 10,790 (10,540 - 11,044) 7,223 (7,010 - 7,441)
Northeast 2,167 (2,104 - 2,230) 1,466 (1,410 - 1,524)
Midwest 2,540 (2,481 - 2,602) 1,786 (1,733 - 1,840)
South 3,567 (3,476 - 3,659) 2,312 (2,236 - 2,390)
West 2,517 (2,430 - 2,604) 1,659 (1,583 - 1,737)
Alabama 149 (135 - 165) 92   (81 - 105)
Alaska 27 (24 - 29) 18 (15 - 20)
Arizona 232 (210 - 255) 153 (134 - 173)
Arkansas 105   (95 - 115) 68 (60 - 77)
California 1,308 (1,237 - 1,381) 844 (781 - 910)
Colorado 171 (155 - 186) 115 (102 - 130)
Connecticut 141 (129 - 153) 100   (90 - 112)
Delaware 31 (28 - 34) 21 (18 - 24)
District of Columbia 23 (21 - 26) 15 (13 - 18)
Florida 579 (547 - 611) 378 (352 - 405)
Georgia 298 (267 - 331) 188 (164 - 216)
Hawaii 33 (29 - 37) 22 (19 - 26)
Idaho 46 (41 - 51) 33 (29 - 38)
Illinois 480 (455 - 505) 340 (319 - 363)
Indiana 214 (194 - 234) 151 (135 - 169)
Iowa 113 (103 - 123) 83 (74 - 92)
Kansas 112 (102 - 123) 81 (72 - 91)
Kentucky 141 (128 - 155) 96   (85 - 108)
Louisiana 157 (142 - 173) 94   (83 - 107)
Maine 48 (44 - 53) 34 (31 - 39)
Maryland 203 (185 - 222) 124 (109 - 140)
Massachusetts 263 (241 - 287) 196 (176 - 217)
Michigan 379 (361 - 398) 252 (236 - 269)
Minnesota 185 (169 - 202) 138 (123 - 153)
Mississippi 90   (80 - 100) 62 (54 - 71)
Missouri 227 (208 - 248) 156 (140 - 174)
Montana 37 (34 - 41) 28 (25 - 31)
Nebraska 75 (69 - 81) 50 (45 - 56)
Nevada 79 (71 - 88) 55 (48 - 62)
New Hampshire 57 (53 - 62) 41 (37 - 46)
New Jersey 302 (275 - 332) 207 (184 - 233)
New Mexico 75 (68 - 82) 48 (42 - 55)
New York 794 (755 - 834) 499 (467 - 532)
North Carolina 288 (261 - 316) 187 (165 - 211)
North Dakota 35 (32 - 38) 26 (24 - 28)
Ohio 453 (432 - 474) 318 (299 - 337)
Oklahoma 107   (96 - 120) 73 (63 - 83)
Oregon 142 (129 - 155) 92   (81 - 103)
Pennsylvania 475 (451 - 499) 327 (306 - 350)
Rhode Island 52 (48 - 57) 36 (32 - 40)
South Carolina 135 (122 - 149) 82 (71 - 93)
South Dakota 31 (28 - 34) 22 (20 - 25)
Tennessee 168 (151 - 186) 114 (100 - 130)
Texas 770 (727 - 815) 502 (465 - 541)
Utah 66 (57 - 78) 50 (42 - 60)
Vermont 34 (32 - 37) 25 (23 - 28)
Virginia 263 (240 - 287) 176 (157 - 198)
Washington 280 (258 - 303) 185 (166 - 207)
West Virginia 59 (53 - 65) 40 (35 - 45)
Wisconsin 236 (218 - 255) 168 (151 - 185)
Wyoming 22 (20 - 24) 16 (14 - 17)
130107
Table 13 – Tobacco Product Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 71,967 (70,752 - 73,212) 3,211 (3,107 - 3,319) 14,048 (13,820 - 14,277) 54,707 (53,574 - 55,872) 68,755 (67,558 - 69,982)
Northeast 12,469 (12,086 - 12,862) 554 (521 - 588) 2,487 (2,413 - 2,562) 9,428 (9,057 - 9,810) 11,915 (11,538 - 12,304)
Midwest 17,431 (17,034 - 17,831) 808 (773 - 845) 3,519 (3,446 - 3,592) 13,104 (12,718 - 13,496) 16,623 (16,232 - 17,017)
South 27,768 (27,122 - 28,435) 1,203 (1,150 - 1,258) 5,122 (5,006 - 5,240) 21,443 (20,811 - 22,094) 26,565 (25,927 - 27,221)
West 14,298 (13,804 - 14,804) 647 (604 - 692) 2,920 (2,819 - 3,022) 10,732 (10,260 - 11,221) 13,652 (13,164 - 14,152)
Alabama 1,305 (1,204 - 1,410) 64 (54 - 74) 239 (220 - 259) 1,002    (909 - 1,099) 1,241 (1,143 - 1,343)
Alaska 160 (146 - 174) 9   (8 - 11) 35 (31 - 38) 116 (104 - 130) 151 (138 - 165)
Arizona 1,454 (1,331 - 1,584) 66 (55 - 79) 281 (255 - 308) 1,107    (994 - 1,227) 1,388 (1,268 - 1,515)
Arkansas 820 (759 - 882) 38 (33 - 45) 148 (137 - 159) 633 (577 - 692) 781 (722 - 842)
California 6,803 (6,404 - 7,216) 286 (253 - 324) 1,417 (1,334 - 1,503) 5,099 (4,723 - 5,496) 6,517 (6,124 - 6,925)
Colorado 1,169 (1,074 - 1,269) 57 (49 - 67) 253 (232 - 273) 860 (772 - 954) 1,112 (1,019 - 1,210)
Connecticut 769 (701 - 840) 37 (31 - 44) 165 (150 - 179) 567 (505 - 634) 732 (666 - 802)
Delaware 200 (183 - 218) 8 (6 - 9) 37 (34 - 41) 155 (139 - 172) 192 (175 - 210)
District of Columbia 143 (131 - 156) 4 (3 - 4) 31 (28 - 35) 108   (97 - 120) 139 (127 - 152)
Florida 4,378 (4,151 - 4,615) 162 (145 - 180) 736 (699 - 773) 3,481 (3,262 - 3,708) 4,216 (3,992 - 4,450)
Georgia 2,345 (2,152 - 2,548) 113   (95 - 133) 439 (400 - 479) 1,793 (1,615 - 1,981) 2,233 (2,044 - 2,429)
Hawaii 243 (218 - 270) 10   (8 - 12) 49 (44 - 54) 184 (161 - 209) 233 (208 - 259)
Idaho 305 (278 - 335) 15 (12 - 18) 64 (58 - 70) 227 (202 - 254) 291 (264 - 319)
Illinois 3,168 (3,015 - 3,326) 138 (125 - 152) 643 (613 - 673) 2,387 (2,241 - 2,539) 3,030 (2,879 - 3,186)
Indiana 1,736 (1,598 - 1,879) 79 (67 - 92) 337 (313 - 361) 1,320 (1,192 - 1,456) 1,657 (1,522 - 1,797)
Iowa 751 (691 - 813) 36 (31 - 42) 149 (136 - 162) 566 (512 - 622) 715 (657 - 775)
Kansas 719 (663 - 778) 36 (30 - 42) 158 (146 - 171) 525 (474 - 579) 683 (629 - 740)
Kentucky 1,293 (1,200 - 1,387) 69 (60 - 78) 245 (229 - 261) 979    (893 - 1,069) 1,224 (1,133 - 1,317)
Louisiana 1,132 (1,042 - 1,228) 50 (42 - 59) 226 (208 - 245) 856 (772 - 944) 1,082    (992 - 1,175)
Maine 347 (318 - 378) 14 (12 - 17) 60 (56 - 65) 272 (245 - 302) 333 (304 - 363)
Maryland 1,207 (1,098 - 1,324) 50 (41 - 60) 228 (207 - 249) 930    (829 - 1,038) 1,157 (1,050 - 1,271)
Massachusetts 1,422 (1,299 - 1,552) 67 (56 - 80) 308 (281 - 335) 1,047    (935 - 1,167) 1,355 (1,235 - 1,482)
Michigan 2,569 (2,448 - 2,692) 118 (107 - 129) 516 (495 - 538) 1,934 (1,820 - 2,053) 2,451 (2,333 - 2,573)
Minnesota 1,318 (1,212 - 1,429) 63 (53 - 74) 294 (271 - 317) 961    (865 - 1,063) 1,255 (1,152 - 1,362)
Mississippi 766 (703 - 831) 31 (26 - 37) 146 (133 - 159) 588 (532 - 648) 735 (673 - 797)
Missouri 1,628 (1,502 - 1,758) 70 (59 - 82) 301 (279 - 324) 1,256 (1,140 - 1,379) 1,558 (1,435 - 1,685)
Montana 245 (226 - 265) 13 (11 - 15) 53 (48 - 57) 179 (162 - 198) 232 (213 - 252)
Nebraska 426 (391 - 463) 19 (16 - 23) 94   (86 - 102) 313 (281 - 347) 407 (372 - 442)
Nevada 609 (553 - 669) 25 (21 - 30) 101   (91 - 111) 484 (431 - 540) 584 (529 - 642)
New Hampshire 300 (273 - 328) 14 (12 - 17) 62 (57 - 68) 223 (199 - 250) 286 (260 - 313)
New Jersey 1,883 (1,710 - 2,067) 84   (70 - 101) 362 (330 - 394) 1,437 (1,276 - 1,611) 1,799 (1,629 - 1,980)
New Mexico 456 (416 - 498) 26 (22 - 31) 107   (98 - 116) 324 (288 - 363) 431 (391 - 471)
New York 4,113 (3,887 - 4,347) 163 (146 - 183) 829 (785 - 874) 3,120 (2,905 - 3,345) 3,949 (3,726 - 4,181)
North Carolina 2,262 (2,068 - 2,465) 98   (84 - 114) 398 (365 - 431) 1,766 (1,585 - 1,958) 2,164 (1,974 - 2,363)
North Dakota 161 (148 - 175) 8 (7 - 9) 42 (39 - 46) 111 (100 - 124) 154 (141 - 167)
Ohio 3,256 (3,116 - 3,398) 159 (146 - 174) 637 (613 - 662) 2,459 (2,324 - 2,597) 3,096 (2,958 - 3,237)
Oklahoma 1,058    (973 - 1,146) 49 (41 - 57) 199 (182 - 216) 810 (732 - 892) 1,009    (925 - 1,095)
Oregon 859 (785 - 937) 40 (34 - 48) 153 (138 - 168) 666 (598 - 738) 819 (746 - 895)
Pennsylvania 3,211 (3,056 - 3,370) 154 (140 - 168) 606 (579 - 634) 2,451 (2,302 - 2,604) 3,057 (2,905 - 3,214)
Rhode Island 268 (245 - 292) 12 (10 - 14) 61 (56 - 66) 195 (175 - 216) 256 (234 - 279)
South Carolina 1,195 (1,100 - 1,294) 51 (43 - 60) 217 (200 - 234) 927    (839 - 1,021) 1,144 (1,051 - 1,241)
South Dakota 202 (186 - 218) 11   (9 - 12) 46 (42 - 49) 146 (132 - 161) 191 (176 - 207)
Tennessee 1,799 (1,663 - 1,941) 79 (69 - 91) 303 (280 - 327) 1,417 (1,289 - 1,550) 1,720 (1,585 - 1,858)
Texas 5,518 (5,249 - 5,793) 239 (214 - 265) 1,078 (1,022 - 1,135) 4,201 (3,948 - 4,464) 5,279 (5,013 - 5,552)
Utah 403 (358 - 451) 19 (15 - 24) 100   (88 - 114) 283 (244 - 327) 384 (340 - 431)
Vermont 158 (144 - 172) 8 (6 - 9) 34 (31 - 36) 116 (103 - 130) 150 (136 - 164)
Virginia 1,766 (1,614 - 1,927) 77 (64 - 91) 358 (326 - 390) 1,332 (1,193 - 1,480) 1,690 (1,541 - 1,847)
Washington 1,432 (1,301 - 1,572) 70 (60 - 82) 275 (251 - 300) 1,087    (966 - 1,217) 1,362 (1,233 - 1,499)
West Virginia 581 (537 - 626) 23 (19 - 27) 95   (88 - 102) 464 (423 - 506) 558 (515 - 602)
Wisconsin 1,498 (1,385 - 1,615) 72 (61 - 83) 301 (278 - 324) 1,125 (1,022 - 1,234) 1,426 (1,316 - 1,540)
Wyoming 158 (146 - 171) 9   (8 - 10) 33 (31 - 35) 116 (105 - 128) 149 (137 - 161)
130107
Table 14 – Cigarette Use in the Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 60,870 (59,716 - 62,050) 2,569 (2,477 - 2,664) 12,220 (11,993 - 12,449) 46,081 (45,008 - 47,184) 58,301 (57,161 - 59,468)
Northeast 10,579 (10,217 - 10,953) 441 (414 - 469) 2,147 (2,069 - 2,227) 7,991 (7,633 - 8,361) 10,138   (9,779 - 10,510)
Midwest 14,743 (14,351 - 15,140) 650 (620 - 682) 3,087 (3,002 - 3,173) 11,006 (10,616 - 11,405) 14,093 (13,704 - 14,487)
South 23,333 (22,748 - 23,936) 977    (930 - 1,028) 4,439 (4,305 - 4,573) 17,917 (17,329 - 18,523) 22,355 (21,777 - 22,950)
West 12,215 (11,750 - 12,690) 500 (464 - 539) 2,547 (2,442 - 2,655) 9,168 (8,716 - 9,637) 11,715 (11,254 - 12,187)
Alabama 1,086    (985 - 1,192) 46 (39 - 55) 194 (175 - 214) 846 (752 - 945) 1,040    (940 - 1,144)
Alaska 130 (118 - 144) 6 (5 - 8) 29 (26 - 33) 95   (83 - 107) 124 (112 - 137)
Arizona 1,269 (1,147 - 1,400) 56 (46 - 68) 250 (222 - 278) 964    (854 - 1,083) 1,213 (1,093 - 1,342)
Arkansas 690 (631 - 754) 34 (29 - 40) 131 (119 - 144) 525 (470 - 584) 656 (597 - 719)
California 5,918 (5,539 - 6,313) 226 (198 - 257) 1,240 (1,159 - 1,325) 4,452 (4,092 - 4,835) 5,692 (5,317 - 6,083)
Colorado 953    (863 - 1,049) 39 (33 - 47) 217 (197 - 238) 696 (613 - 786) 913    (824 - 1,008)
Connecticut 615 (550 - 687) 29 (24 - 35) 139 (125 - 154) 447 (387 - 514) 587 (522 - 657)
Delaware 175 (158 - 193) 7 (5 - 8) 34 (30 - 38) 134 (119 - 151) 168 (152 - 186)
District of Columbia 130 (118 - 143) 3 (2 - 3) 30 (26 - 33) 98 (86 - 109) 127 (115 - 140)
Florida 3,726 (3,510 - 3,954) 132 (117 - 148) 631 (594 - 669) 2,964 (2,751 - 3,187) 3,594 (3,379 - 3,822)
Georgia 1,858 (1,676 - 2,052) 83 (69 - 99) 369 (329 - 410) 1,407 (1,241 - 1,586) 1,775 (1,596 - 1,965)
Hawaii 218 (194 - 245) 7 (6 - 9) 45 (40 - 50) 167 (144 - 192) 211 (187 - 238)
Idaho 254 (228 - 283) 12 (10 - 14) 55 (49 - 62) 187 (163 - 214) 243 (217 - 271)
Illinois 2,709 (2,561 - 2,862) 111   (99 - 125) 567 (537 - 598) 2,030 (1,888 - 2,179) 2,597 (2,450 - 2,750)
Indiana 1,442 (1,322 - 1,569) 63 (53 - 75) 295 (272 - 320) 1,084    (972 - 1,203) 1,379 (1,260 - 1,503)
Iowa 620 (562 - 681) 29 (25 - 34) 127 (114 - 141) 463 (411 - 520) 591 (534 - 651)
Kansas 579 (525 - 637) 28 (23 - 33) 131 (117 - 145) 421 (372 - 474) 552 (498 - 608)
Kentucky 1,053 (962 - 1,149) 55 (47 - 64) 217 (200 - 234) 781 (695 - 873) 999    (908 - 1,093)
Louisiana 941    (854 - 1,035) 41 (34 - 49) 198 (179 - 217) 702 (622 - 789) 900 (814 - 991)
Maine 307 (278 - 337) 12 (10 - 15) 55 (50 - 60) 239 (213 - 268) 294 (266 - 324)
Maryland 1,038    (938 - 1,146) 42 (35 - 50) 198 (177 - 220) 798 (705 - 900) 996    (897 - 1,103)
Massachusetts 1,159 (1,036 - 1,293) 49 (40 - 59) 252 (225 - 282) 858 (746 - 983) 1,111    (989 - 1,243)
Michigan 2,169 (2,053 - 2,289) 95   (86 - 106) 457 (434 - 480) 1,617 (1,505 - 1,734) 2,074 (1,959 - 2,193)
Minnesota 1,086    (985 - 1,195) 51 (42 - 60) 259 (236 - 282) 777 (684 - 878) 1,036    (935 - 1,143)
Mississippi 620 (561 - 682) 24 (20 - 29) 124 (111 - 137) 472 (417 - 531) 596 (537 - 657)
Missouri 1,415 (1,291 - 1,545) 59 (49 - 70) 265 (242 - 289) 1,091    (974 - 1,215) 1,356 (1,233 - 1,484)
Montana 188 (170 - 207) 10   (8 - 11) 42 (38 - 46) 137 (121 - 155) 179 (161 - 198)
Nebraska 362 (328 - 397) 16 (13 - 19) 82 (74 - 90) 264 (233 - 297) 346 (312 - 380)
Nevada 546 (489 - 608) 21 (18 - 26) 90   (80 - 100) 435 (382 - 493) 525 (469 - 586)
New Hampshire 256 (231 - 284) 11   (9 - 13) 55 (49 - 60) 191 (168 - 216) 245 (221 - 272)
New Jersey 1,587 (1,421 - 1,768) 66 (55 - 80) 316 (283 - 351) 1,205 (1,051 - 1,375) 1,521 (1,357 - 1,700)
New Mexico 378 (338 - 419) 20 (17 - 24) 94   (85 - 103) 264 (228 - 303) 357 (319 - 398)
New York 3,630 (3,408 - 3,862) 130 (115 - 147) 734 (690 - 780) 2,767 (2,553 - 2,993) 3,501 (3,280 - 3,731)
North Carolina 1,888 (1,708 - 2,080) 80 (67 - 94) 354 (321 - 389) 1,453 (1,286 - 1,635) 1,808 (1,630 - 1,998)
North Dakota 134 (121 - 147) 6 (5 - 7) 35 (32 - 39) 92   (80 - 104) 127 (115 - 140)
Ohio 2,755 (2,620 - 2,895) 125 (114 - 138) 557 (531 - 583) 2,073 (1,943 - 2,208) 2,630 (2,496 - 2,768)
Oklahoma 894 (813 - 979) 40 (33 - 47) 172 (154 - 189) 683 (609 - 762) 855 (775 - 938)
Oregon 713 (642 - 790) 29 (24 - 35) 131 (117 - 146) 553 (487 - 626) 685 (614 - 760)
Pennsylvania 2,669 (2,520 - 2,825) 128 (115 - 142) 515 (485 - 544) 2,027 (1,882 - 2,179) 2,541 (2,393 - 2,696)
Rhode Island 228 (206 - 251) 10   (8 - 12) 53 (48 - 59) 164 (144 - 186) 218 (196 - 241)
South Carolina 1,047    (954 - 1,145) 43 (36 - 51) 196 (178 - 214) 808 (720 - 902) 1,004    (912 - 1,101)
South Dakota 166 (151 - 182) 8   (7 - 10) 38 (34 - 42) 119 (105 - 134) 157 (142 - 173)
Tennessee 1,533 (1,398 - 1,675) 65 (55 - 76) 264 (241 - 288) 1,204 (1,077 - 1,338) 1,468 (1,335 - 1,608)
Texas 4,669 (4,395 - 4,951) 199 (177 - 224) 929 (872 - 988) 3,540 (3,279 - 3,815) 4,469 (4,197 - 4,751)
Utah 348 (306 - 393) 15 (12 - 20) 94   (81 - 107) 239 (203 - 281) 333 (292 - 378)
Vermont 126 (114 - 140) 6 (5 - 7) 28 (26 - 31) 92   (80 - 105) 121 (108 - 134)
Virginia 1,506 (1,360 - 1,662) 68 (57 - 81) 316 (285 - 348) 1,122    (988 - 1,268) 1,438 (1,294 - 1,593)
Washington 1,172 (1,053 - 1,300) 52 (43 - 63) 233 (209 - 258) 887    (776 - 1,009) 1,119 (1,002 - 1,246)
West Virginia 479 (436 - 524) 17 (14 - 20) 82 (75 - 89) 380 (339 - 423) 462 (420 - 507)
Wisconsin 1,307 (1,193 - 1,427) 58 (49 - 68) 273 (249 - 297) 976    (870 - 1,090) 1,249 (1,136 - 1,368)
Wyoming 127 (115 - 138) 6 (5 - 7) 28 (26 - 30) 92    (82 - 103) 120 (109 - 132)
130107
Table 15 – Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 182,272 (181,126 - 183,394) 17,403 (17,250 - 17,555) 23,128 (22,935 - 23,320) 141,741 (140,639 - 142,814) 164,869 (163,738 - 165,974)
Northeast 34,891 (34,506 - 35,265) 3,164 (3,115 - 3,211) 4,289 (4,221 - 4,355) 27,438 (27,071 - 27,794) 31,728 (31,347 - 32,098)
Midwest 38,982 (38,582 - 39,374) 3,844 (3,794 - 3,894) 4,916 (4,844 - 4,988) 30,221 (29,846 - 30,589) 35,137 (34,744 - 35,524)
South 65,241 (64,635 - 65,834) 6,177 (6,098 - 6,255) 8,177 (8,068 - 8,283) 50,887 (50,311 - 51,447) 59,064 (58,462 - 59,651)
West 43,159 (42,658 - 43,645) 4,219 (4,144 - 4,291) 5,746 (5,649 - 5,841) 33,194 (32,713 - 33,657) 38,940 (38,441 - 39,423)
Alabama 2,661 (2,559 - 2,759) 246 (233 - 259) 342 (325 - 357) 2,073 (1,975 - 2,165) 2,415 (2,313 - 2,511)
Alaska 381 (367 - 395) 44 (42 - 46) 50 (47 - 53) 287 (274 - 300) 337 (323 - 350)
Arizona 3,745 (3,619 - 3,863) 365 (347 - 382) 473 (448 - 495) 2,907 (2,789 - 3,016) 3,380 (3,256 - 3,495)
Arkansas 1,652 (1,591 - 1,710) 154 (145 - 161) 203 (192 - 213) 1,296 (1,238 - 1,350) 1,499 (1,438 - 1,556)
California 22,983 (22,575 - 23,373) 2,281 (2,218 - 2,342) 3,172 (3,092 - 3,247) 17,530 (17,137 - 17,900) 20,701 (20,295 - 21,087)
Colorado 2,946 (2,846 - 3,040) 268 (255 - 280) 367 (349 - 384) 2,311 (2,216 - 2,398) 2,678 (2,579 - 2,770)
Connecticut 2,288 (2,218 - 2,353) 212 (203 - 221) 262 (249 - 273) 1,814 (1,747 - 1,874) 2,076 (2,006 - 2,139)
Delaware 526 (508 - 542) 49 (47 - 51) 65 (61 - 68) 412 (396 - 428) 477 (460 - 493)
District of Columbia 391 (379 - 401) 25 (24 - 26) 64 (61 - 66) 302 (291 - 312) 365 (354 - 376)
Florida 11,399 (11,167 - 11,622) 958 (930 - 984) 1,269 (1,235 - 1,301) 9,173 (8,946 - 9,388) 10,441 (10,211 - 10,662)
Georgia 5,583 (5,392 - 5,764) 561 (534 - 586) 702 (667 - 735) 4,320 (4,139 - 4,487) 5,022 (4,832 - 5,200)
Hawaii 783 (754 - 810) 71 (68 - 74) 92 (88 - 96) 620 (592 - 646) 712 (683 - 739)
Idaho 888 (857 - 916) 92 (88 - 96) 117 (111 - 122) 679 (650 - 705) 796 (765 - 824)
Illinois 7,861 (7,711 - 8,005) 758 (737 - 778) 1,004    (976 - 1,031) 6,099 (5,954 - 6,236) 7,103 (6,954 - 7,245)
Indiana 3,608 (3,470 - 3,739) 367 (349 - 383) 462 (440 - 483) 2,779 (2,647 - 2,903) 3,241 (3,105 - 3,370)
Iowa 1,764 (1,704 - 1,821) 172 (164 - 180) 230 (218 - 241) 1,361 (1,304 - 1,415) 1,591 (1,532 - 1,648)
Kansas 1,585 (1,524 - 1,642) 160 (152 - 168) 210 (198 - 222) 1,214 (1,157 - 1,267) 1,424 (1,364 - 1,481)
Kentucky 2,385 (2,289 - 2,477) 216 (204 - 227) 266 (250 - 281) 1,903 (1,810 - 1,990) 2,169 (2,074 - 2,260)
Louisiana 2,538 (2,447 - 2,624) 251 (239 - 264) 360 (344 - 375) 1,926 (1,840 - 2,006) 2,286 (2,195 - 2,371)
Maine 817 (785 - 847) 72 (69 - 76) 85 (80 - 89) 660 (629 - 688) 745 (713 - 775)
Maryland 3,463 (3,349 - 3,571) 329 (313 - 343) 421 (401 - 440) 2,714 (2,603 - 2,815) 3,135 (3,021 - 3,241)
Massachusetts 4,086 (3,945 - 4,217) 364 (347 - 380) 527 (502 - 549) 3,195 (3,061 - 3,318) 3,722 (3,582 - 3,851)
Michigan 6,089 (5,969 - 6,205) 596 (579 - 612) 737 (715 - 758) 4,757 (4,641 - 4,868) 5,494 (5,374 - 5,608)
Minnesota 3,094 (2,982 - 3,199) 301 (287 - 315) 394 (373 - 413) 2,399 (2,293 - 2,498) 2,793 (2,682 - 2,897)
Mississippi 1,684 (1,622 - 1,742) 170 (161 - 178) 227 (215 - 239) 1,287 (1,228 - 1,341) 1,514 (1,453 - 1,571)
Missouri 3,348 (3,216 - 3,474) 332 (315 - 347) 405 (383 - 427) 2,611 (2,486 - 2,728) 3,016 (2,886 - 3,140)
Montana 593 (574 - 611) 53 (51 - 56) 74 (70 - 77) 466 (448 - 483) 540 (521 - 558)
Nebraska 1,029    (990 - 1,067) 104   (99 - 109) 137 (129 - 144) 788 (751 - 822) 925 (886 - 962)
Nevada 1,494 (1,438 - 1,547) 148 (141 - 155) 173 (164 - 181) 1,173 (1,120 - 1,223) 1,346 (1,291 - 1,399)
New Hampshire 827 (798 - 854) 75 (71 - 78) 92 (87 - 96) 661 (633 - 686) 752 (723 - 779)
New Jersey 5,608 (5,435 - 5,769) 508 (485 - 530) 640 (609 - 668) 4,460 (4,291 - 4,613) 5,100 (4,927 - 5,259)
New Mexico 1,192 (1,151 - 1,230) 115 (109 - 121) 161 (153 - 168) 916 (877 - 951) 1,077 (1,037 - 1,114)
New York 12,600 (12,372 - 12,818) 1,139 (1,108 - 1,168) 1,627 (1,585 - 1,667) 9,834   (9,617 - 10,039) 11,462 (11,237 - 11,675)
North Carolina 5,419 (5,224 - 5,602) 511 (488 - 532) 637 (607 - 666) 4,271 (4,081 - 4,444) 4,908 (4,713 - 5,090)
North Dakota 367 (352 - 381) 35 (33 - 37) 59 (55 - 62) 273 (259 - 286) 332 (317 - 345)
Ohio 6,561 (6,413 - 6,705) 658 (640 - 675) 807 (784 - 830) 5,095 (4,953 - 5,233) 5,903 (5,756 - 6,045)
Oklahoma 2,005 (1,923 - 2,083) 194 (182 - 205) 275 (259 - 290) 1,536 (1,459 - 1,609) 1,811 (1,730 - 1,888)
Oregon 2,337 (2,262 - 2,407) 203 (193 - 212) 274 (261 - 287) 1,860 (1,788 - 1,926) 2,134 (2,059 - 2,204)
Pennsylvania 7,575 (7,414 - 7,731) 698 (678 - 716) 914 (889 - 939) 5,963 (5,807 - 6,112) 6,877 (6,717 - 7,031)
Rhode Island 686 (664 - 708) 59 (56 - 62) 94 (90 - 98) 533 (511 - 552) 627 (604 - 648)
South Carolina 2,585 (2,490 - 2,675) 244 (232 - 255) 317 (301 - 331) 2,025 (1,933 - 2,109) 2,341 (2,247 - 2,429)
South Dakota 457 (441 - 472) 45 (43 - 47) 62 (59 - 65) 350 (335 - 364) 412 (396 - 427)
Tennessee 3,587 (3,458 - 3,710) 320 (303 - 337) 410 (387 - 431) 2,857 (2,733 - 2,973) 3,267 (3,138 - 3,389)
Texas 13,713 (13,432 - 13,985) 1,446 (1,407 - 1,483) 1,946 (1,893 - 1,997) 10,322 (10,051 - 10,581) 12,268 (11,988 - 12,536)
Utah 1,550 (1,501 - 1,596) 181 (173 - 188) 276 (263 - 288) 1,094 (1,049 - 1,134) 1,370 (1,321 - 1,414)
Vermont 403 (390 - 416) 37 (35 - 38) 48 (46 - 50) 318 (305 - 330) 367 (353 - 379)
Virginia 4,606 (4,447 - 4,756) 411 (390 - 431) 557 (530 - 582) 3,638 (3,485 - 3,778) 4,195 (4,037 - 4,342)
Washington 3,962 (3,824 - 4,091) 368 (350 - 384) 478 (456 - 499) 3,116 (2,982 - 3,239) 3,594 (3,456 - 3,723)
West Virginia 1,044 (1,001 - 1,084) 93 (89 - 98) 117 (111 - 123) 833 (792 - 872) 950 (908 - 991)
Wisconsin 3,220 (3,092 - 3,343) 316 (301 - 331) 410 (388 - 430) 2,494 (2,371 - 2,610) 2,904 (2,776 - 3,025)
Wyoming 304 (293 - 315) 30 (28 - 31) 39 (37 - 41) 235 (225 - 245) 275 (264 - 285)
130107
Table 16 – Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 18,769 (18,200 - 19,354) 1,364 (1,298 - 1,435) 5,652 (5,484 - 5,825) 11,753 (11,225 - 12,303) 17,405 (16,843 - 17,983)
Northeast 3,288 (3,098 - 3,491) 233 (213 - 254) 1,028    (971 - 1,088) 2,027 (1,857 - 2,211) 3,055 (2,870 - 3,253)
Midwest 4,592 (4,400 - 4,791) 337 (316 - 360) 1,442 (1,384 - 1,502) 2,813 (2,636 - 3,001) 4,255 (4,068 - 4,450)
South 6,330 (6,040 - 6,632) 444 (412 - 478) 1,832 (1,750 - 1,918) 4,054 (3,782 - 4,343) 5,886 (5,601 - 6,183)
West 4,559 (4,298 - 4,834) 351 (319 - 385) 1,349 (1,274 - 1,428) 2,859 (2,621 - 3,117) 4,209 (3,954 - 4,477)
Alabama 240 (199 - 288) 19 (15 - 24) 65 (54 - 78) 156 (122 - 197) 221 (182 - 267)
Alaska 41 (35 - 49) 4 (3 - 5) 13 (11 - 15) 24 (19 - 31) 38 (32 - 44)
Arizona 371 (313 - 438) 26 (20 - 35) 104   (87 - 123) 241 (193 - 300) 344 (289 - 409)
Arkansas 190 (162 - 223) 17 (13 - 21) 56 (48 - 65) 117   (94 - 146) 174 (147 - 205)
California 2,430 (2,210 - 2,669) 186 (160 - 217) 717 (656 - 783) 1,526 (1,332 - 1,748) 2,244 (2,032 - 2,475)
Colorado 372 (319 - 433) 28 (22 - 35) 115 (100 - 131) 229 (185 - 282) 344 (293 - 402)
Connecticut 246 (210 - 289) 21 (16 - 26) 76 (66 - 88) 149 (119 - 186) 226 (191 - 266)
Delaware 47 (39 - 56) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (12 - 16) 30 (24 - 38) 44 (37 - 53)
District of Columbia 50 (42 - 58) 1 (1 - 2) 16 (14 - 19) 32 (26 - 40) 48 (41 - 57)
Florida 1,070    (968 - 1,184) 69 (59 - 81) 281 (257 - 308) 720 (625 - 829) 1,001    (901 - 1,114)
Georgia 508 (426 - 605) 35 (27 - 45) 141 (118 - 167) 332 (264 - 417) 473 (394 - 566)
Hawaii 90   (75 - 109) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (20 - 28) 61 (47 - 78) 85   (70 - 103)
Idaho 93   (80 - 109) 9   (7 - 11) 30 (26 - 35) 55 (43 - 68) 85   (72 - 100)
Illinois 868 (791 - 952) 64 (55 - 73) 269 (247 - 293) 535 (466 - 614) 805 (730 - 887)
Indiana 379 (324 - 442) 27 (21 - 34) 119 (103 - 137) 233 (187 - 290) 352 (299 - 413)
Iowa 228 (197 - 262) 18 (14 - 22) 70 (60 - 81) 140 (114 - 171) 210 (180 - 243)
Kansas 192 (166 - 222) 16 (13 - 21) 65 (55 - 75) 111   (90 - 136) 176 (150 - 205)
Kentucky 218 (182 - 259) 17 (13 - 21) 65 (55 - 76) 136 (107 - 173) 201 (167 - 241)
Louisiana 258 (218 - 305) 17 (13 - 21) 74 (63 - 86) 167 (134 - 209) 241 (203 - 286)
Maine 85   (72 - 100) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (22 - 29) 54 (43 - 68) 79 (67 - 94)
Maryland 361 (308 - 423) 25 (19 - 32) 110   (95 - 127) 226 (181 - 281) 336 (285 - 396)
Massachusetts 483 (410 - 567) 30 (24 - 39) 147 (126 - 169) 306 (245 - 380) 452 (382 - 534)
Michigan 684 (626 - 748) 50 (43 - 57) 209 (192 - 226) 426 (374 - 486) 635 (578 - 697)
Minnesota 405 (349 - 469) 31 (24 - 38) 130 (113 - 148) 245 (198 - 302) 375 (321 - 436)
Mississippi 149 (124 - 178) 10 (8 - 13) 47 (40 - 56) 92   (72 - 117) 139 (115 - 167)
Missouri 387 (332 - 450) 29 (23 - 36) 121 (105 - 139) 237 (193 - 292) 358 (306 - 419)
Montana 77 (67 - 88) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (22 - 29) 45 (37 - 55) 70 (61 - 81)
Nebraska 129 (110 - 149) 10   (8 - 12) 43 (37 - 49) 76 (61 - 94) 119 (101 - 138)
Nevada 166 (139 - 197) 13 (10 - 17) 43 (36 - 50) 109   (87 - 137) 152 (127 - 182)
New Hampshire 94   (80 - 110) 7 (5 - 9) 30 (26 - 34) 57 (46 - 72) 87   (74 - 102)
New Jersey 474 (396 - 567) 38 (29 - 48) 136 (114 - 160) 301 (236 - 382) 437 (362 - 526)
New Mexico 128 (108 - 151) 11   (9 - 14) 41 (35 - 47) 76 (60 - 96) 117   (98 - 138)
New York 1,079    (966 - 1,204) 74 (62 - 86) 342 (309 - 379) 663 (563 - 779) 1,005    (896 - 1,128)
North Carolina 472 (396 - 562) 31 (24 - 40) 140 (119 - 163) 302 (237 - 383) 441 (368 - 528)
North Dakota 53 (46 - 61) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (18 - 23) 29 (24 - 36) 49 (43 - 56)
Ohio 772 (705 - 845) 55 (48 - 63) 233 (215 - 252) 484 (424 - 551) 717 (652 - 788)
Oklahoma 202 (169 - 241) 14 (10 - 19) 66 (55 - 78) 123   (97 - 155) 188 (157 - 225)
Oregon 211 (178 - 250) 16 (12 - 20) 61 (52 - 72) 134 (107 - 168) 195 (163 - 232)
Pennsylvania 706 (638 - 782) 50 (43 - 59) 234 (214 - 256) 422 (363 - 491) 656 (590 - 730)
Rhode Island 76 (65 - 89) 5 (4 - 6) 24 (21 - 28) 48 (38 - 59) 72 (61 - 84)
South Carolina 273 (230 - 322) 18 (14 - 23) 76 (65 - 88) 179 (142 - 224) 254 (213 - 303)
South Dakota 61 (53 - 71) 5 (4 - 6) 21 (18 - 24) 36 (29 - 44) 57 (49 - 66)
Tennessee 377 (322 - 441) 27 (22 - 34) 112   (96 - 130) 238 (192 - 296) 350 (296 - 412)
Texas 1,359 (1,235 - 1,494) 105   (90 - 123) 398 (360 - 438) 856 (747 - 980) 1,254 (1,134 - 1,385)
Utah 132 (110 - 158) 11   (8 - 14) 47 (39 - 57) 74 (57 - 95) 121 (100 - 146)
Vermont 44 (38 - 52) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (13 - 17) 27 (21 - 33) 41 (35 - 49)
Virginia 460 (392 - 541) 30 (23 - 39) 142 (122 - 165) 288 (231 - 359) 430 (364 - 508)
Washington 407 (347 - 476) 30 (24 - 38) 116 (100 - 135) 260 (210 - 322) 376 (319 - 443)
West Virginia 96   (81 - 114) 6 (5 - 8) 30 (26 - 35) 60 (47 - 76) 90   (75 - 107)
Wisconsin 434 (374 - 502) 30 (24 - 38) 144 (125 - 164) 260 (210 - 320) 404 (346 - 470)
Wyoming 41 (36 - 48) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 25 (20 - 31) 38 (32 - 44)
130107
Table 17 – Alcohol Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 8,446 (8,058 - 8,851) 513 (474 - 556) 2,439 (2,328 - 2,554) 5,493 (5,134 - 5,876) 7,932 (7,548 - 8,335)
Northeast 1,469 (1,339 - 1,612) 81 (69 - 93) 443 (409 - 480) 945    (826 - 1,082) 1,388 (1,262 - 1,528)
Midwest 1,961 (1,826 - 2,104) 120 (108 - 134) 578 (543 - 614) 1,263 (1,138 - 1,400) 1,841 (1,709 - 1,981)
South 2,885 (2,679 - 3,106) 178 (159 - 200) 812 (761 - 866) 1,895 (1,702 - 2,110) 2,707 (2,507 - 2,923)
West 2,131 (1,954 - 2,323) 135 (116 - 156) 606 (555 - 662) 1,390 (1,230 - 1,570) 1,996 (1,823 - 2,185)
Alabama 112   (87 - 144) 8   (6 - 11) 30 (23 - 38) 74   (53 - 104) 104   (80 - 135)
Alaska 21 (16 - 26) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 19) 19 (15 - 24)
Arizona 186 (148 - 233) 12   (9 - 17) 50 (40 - 63) 124   (91 - 167) 174 (137 - 219)
Arkansas 87   (69 - 109) 6 (4 - 9) 24 (19 - 30) 57 (42 - 77) 81   (64 - 102)
California 1,155 (1,011 - 1,319) 72 (57 - 89) 332 (291 - 378) 752 (623 - 907) 1,084    (943 - 1,244)
Colorado 151 (121 - 187) 10   (7 - 13) 46 (38 - 57) 95   (70 - 128) 141 (113 - 176)
Connecticut 106   (85 - 132) 7   (5 - 10) 31 (24 - 38) 68 (50 - 92) 99   (79 - 124)
Delaware 22 (18 - 28) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (11 - 20) 21 (17 - 27)
District of Columbia 24 (19 - 29) 1 (0 - 1) 7 (6 - 9) 16 (12 - 21) 23 (18 - 29)
Florida 499 (430 - 580) 29 (23 - 37) 129 (113 - 147) 341 (277 - 418) 470 (402 - 549)
Georgia 246 (191 - 315) 15 (11 - 21) 60 (47 - 76) 171 (123 - 236) 231 (178 - 298)
Hawaii 42 (32 - 55) 2 (2 - 3) 9   (7 - 12) 30 (21 - 42) 39 (30 - 52)
Idaho 38 (31 - 48) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (10 - 15) 23 (17 - 32) 35 (28 - 44)
Illinois 369 (322 - 423) 23 (18 - 28) 109   (96 - 125) 237 (195 - 289) 347 (301 - 399)
Indiana 175 (141 - 217) 11   (8 - 15) 53 (43 - 64) 111   (82 - 150) 164 (131 - 204)
Iowa 97   (78 - 120) 6 (5 - 9) 29 (23 - 35) 62 (46 - 84) 91   (72 - 113)
Kansas 86   (70 - 106) 6 (4 - 8) 29 (23 - 35) 52 (38 - 70) 80   (65 - 100)
Kentucky 103   (81 - 129) 6 (5 - 9) 31 (25 - 39) 65 (47 - 90) 96   (76 - 122)
Louisiana 117   (92 - 149) 7 (5 - 9) 33 (26 - 41) 78   (56 - 108) 111   (87 - 142)
Maine 38 (30 - 47) 2 (2 - 3) 11   (9 - 13) 25 (19 - 34) 36 (28 - 45)
Maryland 147 (117 - 185) 8   (6 - 11) 44 (35 - 55) 95   (68 - 131) 139 (110 - 176)
Massachusetts 189 (150 - 236) 9   (7 - 13) 56 (45 - 68) 124   (91 - 168) 179 (142 - 225)
Michigan 308 (268 - 352) 18 (15 - 22) 88 (77 - 99) 202 (166 - 245) 289 (251 - 333)
Minnesota 161 (127 - 202) 10   (8 - 14) 45 (36 - 55) 105   (77 - 144) 150 (118 - 190)
Mississippi 67 (52 - 86) 4 (3 - 6) 24 (19 - 30) 40 (27 - 57) 64 (49 - 82)
Missouri 171 (136 - 213) 10   (8 - 14) 47 (38 - 58) 113   (83 - 154) 160 (127 - 201)
Montana 34 (27 - 42) 2 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 21 (16 - 28) 31 (25 - 39)
Nebraska 50 (40 - 62) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (14 - 21) 30 (22 - 40) 47 (38 - 58)
Nevada 70 (56 - 89) 4 (3 - 6) 18 (15 - 23) 48 (35 - 65) 66 (52 - 84)
New Hampshire 39 (32 - 48) 2 (2 - 3) 12 (10 - 15) 24 (18 - 33) 37 (30 - 45)
New Jersey 214 (166 - 274) 14 (10 - 19) 55 (43 - 70) 145 (103 - 203) 200 (154 - 259)
New Mexico 61 (49 - 77) 4 (3 - 6) 18 (15 - 22) 39 (28 - 54) 57 (45 - 72)
New York 526 (450 - 614) 26 (21 - 33) 161 (140 - 185) 338 (271 - 422) 500 (426 - 586)
North Carolina 209 (163 - 270) 12   (8 - 17) 58 (46 - 71) 140   (99 - 196) 197 (152 - 256)
North Dakota 19 (16 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 11   (8 - 15) 18 (15 - 23)
Ohio 327 (283 - 376) 18 (15 - 23) 97   (85 - 110) 212 (173 - 259) 308 (266 - 357)
Oklahoma 99   (78 - 125) 6 (4 - 9) 29 (23 - 36) 63 (46 - 87) 92   (72 - 117)
Oregon 96   (77 - 120) 6 (4 - 8) 28 (23 - 35) 62 (46 - 85) 90   (72 - 114)
Pennsylvania 304 (259 - 356) 17 (13 - 22) 103   (90 - 117) 185 (146 - 234) 287 (244 - 338)
Rhode Island 35 (28 - 44) 2 (1 - 3) 9   (8 - 12) 24 (18 - 32) 33 (26 - 42)
South Carolina 126 (100 - 159) 7   (5 - 10) 32 (25 - 39) 88   (64 - 118) 119   (94 - 151)
South Dakota 22 (18 - 28) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 14 (10 - 19) 21 (17 - 26)
Tennessee 162 (129 - 202) 10   (7 - 13) 48 (39 - 59) 104   (76 - 142) 152 (120 - 191)
Texas 620 (534 - 718) 42 (34 - 53) 185 (161 - 212) 393 (317 - 486) 577 (495 - 673)
Utah 67 (54 - 83) 5 (3 - 7) 23 (18 - 29) 40 (29 - 54) 63 (50 - 78)
Vermont 19 (15 - 24) 1 (1 - 1) 6 (5 - 7) 12   (9 - 17) 18 (14 - 22)
Virginia 199 (158 - 250) 12   (9 - 17) 58 (47 - 72) 128   (93 - 177) 186 (147 - 236)
Washington 193 (154 - 241) 12   (9 - 17) 49 (40 - 60) 131   (98 - 176) 180 (143 - 227)
West Virginia 47 (37 - 59) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (12 - 19) 29 (21 - 40) 44 (35 - 56)
Wisconsin 176 (142 - 217) 11   (8 - 15) 50 (41 - 62) 114   (85 - 152) 165 (132 - 205)
Wyoming 17 (14 - 21) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 11   (8 - 15) 16 (13 - 20)
130107
Table 18 – Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,945 (6,640 - 7,264) 1,134 (1,075 - 1,196) 2,595 (2,488 - 2,707) 3,216 (2,948 - 3,509) 5,811 (5,515 - 6,124)
Northeast 1,265 (1,163 - 1,378) 194 (177 - 212) 505 (467 - 547) 567 (484 - 663) 1,072    (972 - 1,183)
Midwest 1,503 (1,406 - 1,606) 251 (233 - 271) 571 (537 - 608) 680 (599 - 771) 1,251 (1,158 - 1,352)
South 2,577 (2,416 - 2,748) 407 (378 - 439) 913 (855 - 973) 1,258 (1,120 - 1,412) 2,170 (2,014 - 2,337)
West 1,600 (1,466 - 1,745) 282 (255 - 311) 606 (557 - 659) 712 (605 - 837) 1,318 (1,190 - 1,459)
Alabama 115   (90 - 145) 16 (12 - 20) 37 (29 - 47) 62 (43 - 90) 99   (76 - 129)
Alaska 17 (14 - 21) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 7   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 18)
Arizona 147 (116 - 186) 23 (18 - 30) 48 (38 - 62) 75   (51 - 110) 124   (94 - 162)
Arkansas 73 (58 - 92) 12 (10 - 15) 26 (20 - 32) 35 (24 - 51) 61 (47 - 79)
California 812 (705 - 936) 149 (127 - 174) 312 (271 - 358) 352 (269 - 459) 664 (561 - 784)
Colorado 126 (100 - 158) 20 (16 - 26) 46 (37 - 58) 60 (40 - 88) 106   (81 - 137)
Connecticut 81   (64 - 101) 14 (11 - 17) 34 (27 - 43) 33 (22 - 50) 67 (52 - 87)
Delaware 22 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 11   (7 - 15) 19 (15 - 25)
District of Columbia 22 (17 - 29) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 14 (10 - 19) 21 (16 - 27)
Florida 415 (362 - 477) 61 (53 - 71) 146 (128 - 167) 207 (162 - 265) 354 (302 - 415)
Georgia 232 (182 - 296) 35 (28 - 45) 80 (63 - 101) 117   (79 - 174) 197 (149 - 260)
Hawaii 24 (18 - 32) 5 (4 - 6) 8   (6 - 11) 11   (7 - 18) 19 (14 - 27)
Idaho 32 (26 - 40) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 14   (9 - 20) 26 (21 - 34)
Illinois 281 (244 - 324) 48 (41 - 56) 105   (91 - 121) 128   (98 - 166) 233 (197 - 275)
Indiana 153 (123 - 189) 25 (20 - 31) 60 (49 - 74) 68 (46 - 98) 128 (100 - 163)
Iowa 52 (41 - 67) 10   (8 - 13) 20 (16 - 26) 22 (14 - 34) 42 (32 - 56)
Kansas 52 (40 - 66) 11   (9 - 14) 21 (16 - 27) 20 (12 - 31) 41 (30 - 54)
Kentucky 106   (85 - 131) 17 (14 - 21) 40 (32 - 49) 49 (34 - 71) 89   (69 - 114)
Louisiana 107   (85 - 134) 16 (13 - 20) 38 (30 - 47) 53 (36 - 78) 91   (71 - 118)
Maine 34 (27 - 42) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (11 - 16) 15 (10 - 23) 29 (22 - 37)
Maryland 138 (110 - 173) 20 (16 - 26) 48 (39 - 60) 69   (48 - 100) 118   (91 - 152)
Massachusetts 155 (124 - 193) 25 (20 - 32) 71 (57 - 88) 59 (38 - 90) 130 (101 - 167)
Michigan 237 (208 - 271) 40 (35 - 47) 88   (77 - 100) 109   (85 - 140) 197 (169 - 230)
Minnesota 111   (89 - 138) 20 (16 - 25) 45 (36 - 57) 46 (31 - 68) 92   (71 - 118)
Mississippi 67 (53 - 83) 10   (8 - 13) 24 (19 - 30) 33 (22 - 48) 57 (43 - 73)
Missouri 135 (108 - 169) 22 (17 - 27) 51 (41 - 63) 63 (44 - 92) 114   (88 - 146)
Montana 24 (20 - 30) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (7 - 15) 20 (16 - 26)
Nebraska 33 (25 - 42) 6 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 18) 13   (9 - 21) 27 (20 - 36)
Nevada 57 (45 - 73) 10   (8 - 13) 19 (15 - 24) 28 (18 - 42) 47 (35 - 62)
New Hampshire 32 (26 - 40) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 14 (10 - 21) 27 (21 - 35)
New Jersey 167 (131 - 212) 30 (24 - 38) 62 (48 - 78) 75   (49 - 114) 137 (103 - 181)
New Mexico 51 (40 - 64) 9   (7 - 11) 19 (15 - 24) 23 (15 - 34) 42 (32 - 55)
New York 500 (432 - 580) 65 (55 - 77) 189 (165 - 216) 246 (190 - 319) 435 (368 - 514)
North Carolina 205 (164 - 258) 31 (25 - 39) 76 (61 - 95) 98   (67 - 144) 174 (135 - 225)
North Dakota 12   (9 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 4 (3 - 7) 9   (7 - 13)
Ohio 301 (264 - 344) 46 (39 - 53) 113 (100 - 127) 143 (112 - 181) 256 (220 - 297)
Oklahoma 79   (61 - 102) 14 (11 - 18) 28 (21 - 36) 38 (25 - 57) 65 (48 - 88)
Oregon 86   (68 - 108) 14 (11 - 17) 31 (25 - 39) 41 (27 - 60) 72 (55 - 94)
Pennsylvania 244 (210 - 284) 42 (36 - 49) 101   (87 - 115) 102   (75 - 137) 202 (169 - 241)
Rhode Island 37 (30 - 46) 5 (4 - 6) 16 (13 - 20) 16 (11 - 24) 33 (26 - 41)
South Carolina 116   (92 - 145) 17 (13 - 21) 38 (30 - 47) 61 (43 - 87) 99   (76 - 128)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 18) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 8) 5 (3 - 8) 11   (8 - 15)
Tennessee 150 (119 - 188) 23 (18 - 28) 54 (43 - 68) 73   (50 - 106) 128   (98 - 165)
Texas 516 (449 - 593) 96   (82 - 112) 176 (152 - 204) 244 (190 - 313) 420 (356 - 496)
Utah 57 (46 - 70) 11   (8 - 14) 26 (20 - 32) 21 (14 - 31) 46 (36 - 59)
Vermont 16 (13 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (6 - 9) 6 (4 - 9) 13 (11 - 17)
Virginia 171 (138 - 212) 29 (23 - 36) 70 (55 - 88) 73   (49 - 108) 143 (111 - 183)
Washington 154 (125 - 191) 26 (20 - 33) 62 (50 - 76) 67 (46 - 98) 129 (101 - 164)
West Virginia 42 (33 - 53) 6 (4 - 7) 16 (13 - 20) 20 (14 - 30) 36 (28 - 47)
Wisconsin 122   (95 - 155) 20 (15 - 25) 43 (34 - 55) 59 (39 - 88) 102   (77 - 135)
Wyoming 12   (9 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 4 (3 - 7) 10   (8 - 12)
130107
Table 19 – Illicit Drug Dependence in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 4,768 (4,514 - 5,036) 607 (564 - 653) 1,785 (1,694 - 1,881) 2,376 (2,153 - 2,622) 4,161 (3,913 - 4,425)
Northeast 885 (804 - 974) 103   (91 - 116) 342 (313 - 374) 440 (370 - 522) 782 (704 - 869)
Midwest 1,035    (956 - 1,120) 139 (125 - 154) 389 (360 - 421) 507 (439 - 585) 896 (820 - 979)
South 1,746 (1,615 - 1,888) 213 (192 - 236) 635 (587 - 686) 899    (783 - 1,031) 1,533 (1,406 - 1,672)
West 1,102    (999 - 1,215) 152 (133 - 174) 419 (377 - 465) 531 (444 - 634) 950    (851 - 1,060)
Alabama 74 (57 - 94) 8   (6 - 11) 25 (18 - 32) 41 (28 - 59) 65 (50 - 85)
Alaska 12   (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 6 (4 - 9) 10   (8 - 13)
Arizona 92   (72 - 118) 13   (9 - 17) 32 (24 - 43) 48 (32 - 70) 80   (61 - 105)
Arkansas 50 (39 - 63) 6 (5 - 8) 17 (13 - 23) 26 (18 - 38) 44 (34 - 56)
California 576 (494 - 671) 77 (62 - 95) 224 (190 - 263) 275 (210 - 359) 499 (420 - 591)
Colorado 82   (63 - 107) 10   (8 - 14) 29 (22 - 37) 43 (29 - 65) 72 (54 - 96)
Connecticut 57 (44 - 72) 8   (6 - 10) 24 (18 - 30) 25 (17 - 38) 49 (38 - 64)
Delaware 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 8   (5 - 11) 13 (10 - 17)
District of Columbia 15 (12 - 20) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 10   (7 - 14) 15 (11 - 19)
Florida 283 (242 - 331) 33 (27 - 40) 103   (88 - 120) 147 (113 - 191) 250 (210 - 297)
Georgia 145 (110 - 189) 18 (13 - 24) 51 (39 - 67) 76   (49 - 116) 127   (94 - 170)
Hawaii 15 (11 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 7   (5 - 12) 13   (9 - 18)
Idaho 21 (17 - 27) 3 (3 - 5) 8   (6 - 11) 10   (6 - 14) 18 (14 - 23)
Illinois 201 (171 - 236) 29 (23 - 36) 73 (62 - 85) 99   (75 - 131) 172 (144 - 206)
Indiana 102   (80 - 129) 14 (11 - 19) 39 (30 - 49) 49 (33 - 72) 87   (67 - 113)
Iowa 38 (29 - 49) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (11 - 20) 18 (11 - 27) 32 (24 - 43)
Kansas 36 (28 - 47) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (11 - 20) 16 (10 - 25) 31 (23 - 41)
Kentucky 73 (57 - 93) 9   (7 - 13) 28 (22 - 36) 36 (24 - 53) 64 (49 - 82)
Louisiana 73 (58 - 94) 8   (6 - 11) 26 (20 - 35) 39 (27 - 56) 65 (50 - 85)
Maine 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 11   (7 - 16) 19 (15 - 25)
Maryland 94   (74 - 119) 10   (8 - 14) 31 (23 - 40) 53 (37 - 76) 84   (65 - 108)
Massachusetts 109   (86 - 139) 14 (10 - 18) 49 (38 - 62) 47 (31 - 72) 96   (74 - 124)
Michigan 166 (142 - 193) 21 (17 - 26) 59 (51 - 70) 85   (65 - 110) 144 (122 - 171)
Minnesota 75 (59 - 96) 12   (9 - 16) 31 (23 - 40) 33 (22 - 50) 64 (49 - 83)
Mississippi 43 (33 - 55) 5 (4 - 7) 16 (12 - 21) 22 (14 - 33) 38 (28 - 49)
Missouri 85   (67 - 108) 12   (9 - 16) 31 (24 - 40) 42 (28 - 63) 73 (56 - 95)
Montana 16 (13 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 8   (5 - 11) 14 (11 - 18)
Nebraska 25 (19 - 32) 3 (2 - 4) 10   (8 - 14) 11   (7 - 17) 22 (16 - 28)
Nevada 37 (29 - 48) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (10 - 18) 18 (12 - 27) 32 (24 - 42)
New Hampshire 22 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 9   (7 - 11) 11   (7 - 16) 19 (15 - 25)
New Jersey 114   (87 - 149) 15 (11 - 21) 39 (29 - 52) 59 (39 - 90) 98   (73 - 132)
New Mexico 33 (26 - 43) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 18) 15   (9 - 23) 28 (21 - 37)
New York 350 (298 - 412) 33 (27 - 42) 128 (109 - 149) 189 (145 - 248) 317 (266 - 378)
North Carolina 145 (115 - 183) 17 (13 - 22) 55 (43 - 70) 73   (50 - 107) 128 (100 - 165)
North Dakota 8   (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 5) 7   (5 - 10)
Ohio 197 (169 - 230) 22 (18 - 27) 77 (67 - 90) 98   (75 - 127) 175 (148 - 207)
Oklahoma 57 (44 - 74) 8   (6 - 10) 21 (15 - 28) 29 (19 - 43) 49 (37 - 66)
Oregon 60 (47 - 76) 8   (6 - 11) 21 (16 - 28) 30 (21 - 45) 52 (40 - 68)
Pennsylvania 176 (150 - 208) 23 (19 - 29) 71 (60 - 83) 82   (61 - 111) 153 (128 - 184)
Rhode Island 23 (18 - 29) 2 (2 - 3) 10   (8 - 13) 10   (7 - 16) 21 (16 - 27)
South Carolina 69 (54 - 89) 9   (6 - 12) 23 (17 - 30) 37 (26 - 55) 60 (46 - 80)
South Dakota 9   (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6) 8   (6 - 10)
Tennessee 104 (82 - 131) 13   (9 - 17) 37 (29 - 48) 54 (37 - 79) 91   (70 - 118)
Texas 356 (303 - 418) 49 (40 - 60) 129 (108 - 153) 179 (135 - 236) 308 (257 - 368)
Utah 40 (32 - 50) 6 (4 - 8) 19 (15 - 25) 15 (10 - 22) 35 (27 - 44)
Vermont 11   (9 - 14) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 7) 10   (8 - 12)
Virginia 123   (96 - 156) 15 (11 - 21) 50 (38 - 65) 58 (38 - 87) 108   (83 - 140)
Washington 108   (84 - 138) 16 (12 - 21) 39 (30 - 50) 53 (35 - 79) 92   (69 - 121)
West Virginia 28 (22 - 36) 3 (2 - 4) 12   (9 - 15) 13   (9 - 20) 25 (20 - 33)
Wisconsin 92   (72 - 119) 11   (8 - 15) 32 (24 - 41) 49 (33 - 73) 81   (61 - 107)
Wyoming 8   (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (3 - 4) 4 (2 - 5) 7 (5 - 9)
130107
Table 20 – Dependence or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 22,515 (21,878 - 23,169) 1,994 (1,912 - 2,079) 6,894 (6,711 - 7,081) 13,628 (13,048 - 14,231) 20,522 (19,896 - 21,165)
Northeast 3,981 (3,774 - 4,201) 342 (317 - 369) 1,270 (1,210 - 1,333) 2,369 (2,178 - 2,575) 3,639 (3,439 - 3,853)
Midwest 5,373 (5,165 - 5,587) 474 (448 - 501) 1,696 (1,633 - 1,760) 3,204 (3,010 - 3,409) 4,899 (4,696 - 5,109)
South 7,759 (7,438 - 8,091) 681 (642 - 721) 2,294 (2,200 - 2,390) 4,784 (4,479 - 5,108) 7,078 (6,765 - 7,403)
West 5,403 (5,117 - 5,701) 497 (458 - 539) 1,635 (1,552 - 1,721) 3,271 (3,013 - 3,549) 4,906 (4,629 - 5,195)
Alabama 295 (250 - 348) 27 (21 - 33) 81 (69 - 95) 187 (149 - 235) 268 (225 - 319)
Alaska 51 (44 - 59) 6 (4 - 7) 17 (14 - 19) 29 (23 - 35) 45 (38 - 53)
Arizona 461 (394 - 538) 40 (32 - 50) 132 (113 - 152) 290 (233 - 359) 421 (357 - 496)
Arkansas 231 (201 - 265) 23 (19 - 28) 69 (60 - 79) 139 (113 - 169) 207 (179 - 240)
California 2,830 (2,596 - 3,082) 259 (228 - 294) 862 (795 - 932) 1,709 (1,504 - 1,939) 2,571 (2,346 - 2,814)
Colorado 448 (390 - 513) 39 (32 - 47) 135 (119 - 153) 274 (224 - 332) 409 (354 - 471)
Connecticut 283 (245 - 326) 27 (22 - 33) 90   (79 - 102) 166 (133 - 205) 255 (219 - 297)
Delaware 61 (53 - 71) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 22) 38 (31 - 47) 57 (48 - 66)
District of Columbia 62 (54 - 71) 3 (2 - 3) 20 (17 - 23) 40 (33 - 48) 60 (52 - 69)
Florida 1,289 (1,174 - 1,416) 104   (91 - 118) 348 (321 - 377) 837 (731 - 957) 1,185 (1,074 - 1,308)
Georgia 650 (552 - 763) 58 (47 - 71) 189 (162 - 219) 403 (323 - 502) 592 (498 - 701)
Hawaii 103   (86 - 123) 9   (7 - 12) 27 (23 - 31) 66 (51 - 85) 93   (77 - 113)
Idaho 107   (93 - 123) 12   (9 - 14) 36 (31 - 41) 59 (48 - 73) 95   (82 - 110)
Illinois 1,004   (922 - 1,092) 88 (78 - 99) 321 (296 - 347) 595 (523 - 676) 916    (837 - 1,001)
Indiana 454 (393 - 524) 40 (32 - 50) 147 (129 - 167) 267 (216 - 329) 414 (356 - 481)
Iowa 252 (219 - 289) 23 (19 - 27) 76 (66 - 87) 153 (126 - 186) 229 (198 - 265)
Kansas 217 (188 - 250) 21 (18 - 26) 73 (63 - 84) 123   (99 - 151) 196 (168 - 227)
Kentucky 289 (247 - 336) 28 (22 - 34) 86 (74 - 99) 175 (140 - 218) 261 (221 - 307)
Louisiana 324 (278 - 377) 27 (22 - 33) 95   (81 - 109) 202 (163 - 250) 296 (252 - 348)
Maine 110   (95 - 128) 10   (8 - 12) 32 (28 - 36) 69 (56 - 85) 101   (86 - 117)
Maryland 430 (370 - 497) 36 (30 - 44) 130 (113 - 148) 264 (213 - 325) 393 (337 - 458)
Massachusetts 577 (499 - 666) 46 (38 - 57) 181 (159 - 206) 349 (283 - 430) 530 (455 - 616)
Michigan 807 (743 - 878) 72 (64 - 81) 247 (229 - 266) 488 (430 - 553) 735 (673 - 803)
Minnesota 451 (394 - 516) 40 (33 - 48) 145 (128 - 164) 266 (218 - 324) 411 (357 - 473)
Mississippi 185 (157 - 217) 16 (13 - 20) 60 (51 - 70) 109   (86 - 138) 170 (143 - 200)
Missouri 465 (402 - 537) 41 (33 - 50) 147 (129 - 167) 277 (224 - 342) 425 (364 - 494)
Montana 86 (75 - 98) 8   (7 - 10) 28 (24 - 32) 49 (40 - 60) 77 (67 - 89)
Nebraska 140 (122 - 161) 12 (10 - 15) 48 (42 - 55) 80 (65 - 98) 128 (111 - 148)
Nevada 192 (164 - 224) 19 (15 - 23) 52 (45 - 60) 121   (98 - 150) 173 (147 - 204)
New Hampshire 110   (95 - 128) 10   (8 - 12) 35 (30 - 39) 66 (53 - 82) 101   (86 - 117)
New Jersey 551 (472 - 644) 50 (40 - 62) 164 (140 - 190) 337 (270 - 419) 501 (425 - 590)
New Mexico 157 (135 - 183) 16 (13 - 20) 50 (43 - 57) 92   (73 - 115) 141 (120 - 166)
New York 1,349 (1,220 - 1,491) 112   (98 - 129) 435 (398 - 474) 802 (688 - 934) 1,237 (1,111 - 1,375)
North Carolina 593 (507 - 693) 50 (40 - 61) 180 (156 - 206) 364 (291 - 453) 543 (461 - 639)
North Dakota 58 (50 - 66) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 24) 31 (25 - 38) 53 (46 - 60)
Ohio 958    (881 - 1,041) 85 (75 - 95) 285 (265 - 306) 588 (519 - 666) 873 (800 - 954)
Oklahoma 247 (210 - 290) 22 (18 - 27) 80 (68 - 93) 145 (115 - 183) 225 (189 - 266)
Oregon 261 (224 - 303) 23 (19 - 29) 76 (66 - 87) 162 (131 - 199) 238 (202 - 278)
Pennsylvania 846 (771 - 928) 74 (65 - 85) 283 (261 - 307) 488 (422 - 565) 772 (699 - 852)
Rhode Island 101   (88 - 116) 8 (6 - 9) 34 (30 - 38) 60 (49 - 74) 94   (81 - 108)
South Carolina 337 (290 - 391) 28 (23 - 35) 96   (84 - 111) 213 (172 - 262) 309 (264 - 361)
South Dakota 66 (58 - 75) 6 (5 - 7) 23 (20 - 26) 38 (31 - 46) 60 (53 - 69)
Tennessee 459 (395 - 531) 41 (33 - 50) 137 (120 - 155) 281 (227 - 347) 418 (357 - 487)
Texas 1,635 (1,498 - 1,783) 158 (140 - 179) 488 (446 - 533) 988    (867 - 1,125) 1,477 (1,344 - 1,621)
Utah 164 (140 - 192) 16 (13 - 21) 62 (52 - 73) 86   (68 - 109) 148 (125 - 174)
Vermont 53 (46 - 61) 4 (4 - 5) 18 (16 - 20) 31 (25 - 38) 48 (42 - 56)
Virginia 551 (472 - 642) 47 (38 - 58) 179 (155 - 205) 325 (260 - 406) 504 (428 - 592)
Washington 495 (429 - 572) 45 (37 - 55) 144 (126 - 165) 306 (249 - 375) 450 (387 - 523)
West Virginia 121 (103 - 141) 10   (8 - 12) 38 (33 - 44) 73 (58 - 91) 111   (94 - 131)
Wisconsin 499 (435 - 572) 41 (34 - 50) 162 (143 - 182) 297 (242 - 362) 458 (396 - 529)
Wyoming 48 (42 - 55) 5 (4 - 5) 15 (14 - 17) 28 (23 - 34) 43 (38 - 50)
130107
Table 21 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 6,190 (5,910 - 6,483) 1,047    (990 - 1,108) 2,420 (2,318 - 2,526) 2,723 (2,478 - 2,992) 5,143 (4,872 - 5,428)
Northeast 1,100 (1,012 - 1,197) 179 (163 - 197) 468 (432 - 507) 453 (383 - 536) 921    (837 - 1,014)
Midwest 1,311 (1,225 - 1,403) 230 (212 - 250) 530 (496 - 566) 551 (481 - 632) 1,081    (998 - 1,170)
South 2,297 (2,142 - 2,461) 379 (350 - 410) 851 (798 - 907) 1,066    (935 - 1,215) 1,917 (1,770 - 2,077)
West 1,482 (1,357 - 1,617) 258 (232 - 287) 571 (523 - 623) 652 (552 - 771) 1,223 (1,104 - 1,355)
Alabama 94   (73 - 122) 14 (11 - 18) 33 (26 - 43) 47 (31 - 71) 81   (61 - 107)
Alaska 15 (12 - 19) 3 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 8) 6   (4 - 10) 12   (9 - 16)
Arizona 132 (102 - 170) 21 (16 - 28) 44 (34 - 57) 67 (45 - 99) 111   (83 - 147)
Arkansas 66 (51 - 84) 12   (9 - 15) 24 (18 - 30) 30 (20 - 46) 54 (41 - 71)
California 767 (666 - 883) 136 (115 - 161) 300 (261 - 344) 331 (253 - 432) 631 (536 - 743)
Colorado 115   (91 - 146) 19 (15 - 25) 43 (34 - 54) 54 (36 - 80) 96   (73 - 126)
Connecticut 70 (56 - 88) 13 (10 - 16) 30 (24 - 38) 27 (18 - 41) 58 (45 - 74)
Delaware 21 (16 - 26) 3 (2 - 4) 8   (6 - 10) 10   (6 - 15) 18 (14 - 23)
District of Columbia 17 (13 - 22) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 9   (6 - 13) 16 (12 - 20)
Florida 386 (329 - 452) 56 (48 - 67) 133 (116 - 153) 196 (149 - 258) 329 (276 - 394)
Georgia 212 (166 - 269) 34 (26 - 43) 77 (61 - 97) 102   (69 - 150) 178 (136 - 233)
Hawaii 24 (18 - 32) 4 (3 - 6) 8   (6 - 10) 12   (7 - 20) 20 (14 - 28)
Idaho 29 (23 - 37) 5 (4 - 7) 12   (9 - 15) 12   (8 - 18) 24 (18 - 31)
Illinois 242 (209 - 279) 45 (38 - 52) 96   (83 - 111) 101   (77 - 133) 197 (167 - 233)
Indiana 134 (109 - 165) 24 (19 - 30) 56 (45 - 69) 55 (38 - 79) 111   (87 - 140)
Iowa 47 (36 - 61) 9   (7 - 12) 19 (14 - 25) 20 (12 - 31) 39 (28 - 52)
Kansas 43 (33 - 56) 9   (7 - 12) 18 (13 - 24) 16 (10 - 25) 34 (25 - 46)
Kentucky 87   (70 - 109) 15 (12 - 19) 34 (27 - 42) 39 (26 - 57) 72 (56 - 93)
Louisiana 98   (77 - 125) 15 (12 - 19) 36 (29 - 46) 47 (31 - 70) 83   (63 - 109)
Maine 32 (25 - 40) 5 (4 - 6) 12 (10 - 15) 14 (10 - 21) 27 (21 - 34)
Maryland 121   (96 - 153) 19 (15 - 24) 45 (35 - 56) 57 (39 - 84) 102   (78 - 133)
Massachusetts 138 (111 - 172) 24 (19 - 31) 68 (54 - 85) 46 (30 - 72) 114   (90 - 146)
Michigan 205 (178 - 235) 37 (32 - 44) 81 (71 - 93) 86   (66 - 111) 167 (143 - 196)
Minnesota 100   (78 - 127) 17 (13 - 22) 41 (32 - 53) 41 (27 - 64) 83   (63 - 109)
Mississippi 57 (45 - 73) 9   (7 - 12) 22 (17 - 28) 26 (17 - 38) 48 (36 - 63)
Missouri 123   (97 - 157) 19 (15 - 25) 48 (37 - 60) 56 (38 - 84) 104   (79 - 136)
Montana 23 (18 - 29) 4 (3 - 5) 10   (8 - 12) 9   (6 - 14) 19 (15 - 24)
Nebraska 30 (23 - 39) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 17) 12   (8 - 19) 25 (18 - 33)
Nevada 51 (40 - 66) 9   (7 - 12) 17 (13 - 22) 25 (16 - 38) 42 (31 - 56)
New Hampshire 29 (23 - 36) 5 (4 - 6) 12   (9 - 15) 12   (8 - 18) 24 (18 - 31)
New Jersey 138 (107 - 177) 26 (20 - 34) 56 (43 - 72) 56 (36 - 86) 112   (84 - 148)
New Mexico 47 (37 - 59) 9   (7 - 11) 18 (14 - 23) 20 (13 - 31) 38 (29 - 50)
New York 434 (375 - 504) 62 (52 - 73) 176 (153 - 203) 196 (149 - 257) 372 (315 - 440)
North Carolina 187 (147 - 237) 29 (23 - 37) 73 (58 - 91) 85   (56 - 129) 158 (120 - 207)
North Dakota 10   (7 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 3 (2 - 6) 8   (6 - 11)
Ohio 260 (228 - 297) 43 (37 - 50) 108   (95 - 122) 109   (84 - 142) 217 (186 - 253)
Oklahoma 72 (55 - 93) 13 (10 - 16) 25 (19 - 33) 34 (22 - 52) 59 (43 - 80)
Oregon 74 (58 - 94) 12 (10 - 16) 29 (23 - 37) 32 (21 - 49) 61 (47 - 81)
Pennsylvania 212 (183 - 246) 38 (32 - 45) 91   (79 - 105) 83   (61 - 112) 174 (146 - 207)
Rhode Island 33 (26 - 41) 4 (3 - 6) 16 (13 - 19) 13   (9 - 20) 29 (22 - 37)
South Carolina 104   (82 - 132) 16 (12 - 21) 37 (29 - 46) 51 (35 - 76) 88   (67 - 115)
South Dakota 12 (10 - 16) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8) 10   (8 - 14)
Tennessee 128   (101 - 161) 21 (17 - 26) 50 (40 - 62) 57 (39 - 86) 107   (82 - 139)
Texas 458 (395 - 530) 91   (77 - 107) 169 (145 - 196) 198 (152 - 259) 367 (309 - 436)
Utah 52 (41 - 66) 10   (8 - 13) 23 (18 - 29) 20 (13 - 30) 43 (32 - 55)
Vermont 14 (11 - 18) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 8) 12   (9 - 15)
Virginia 154 (122 - 194) 27 (21 - 34) 65 (51 - 81) 63 (41 - 95) 127   (98 - 166)
Washington 141 (113 - 176) 23 (18 - 29) 58 (46 - 72) 60 (41 - 88) 118   (92 - 151)
West Virginia 36 (29 - 46) 5 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 19) 16 (11 - 24) 31 (24 - 40)
Wisconsin 105   (81 - 135) 18 (14 - 23) 40 (31 - 52) 47 (30 - 72) 87   (65 - 116)
Wyoming 11   (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6) 9   (7 - 11)
130107
Table 22 – Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 17,896 (17,346 - 18,460) 1,313 (1,247 - 1,381) 5,470 (5,303 - 5,641) 11,113 (10,606 - 11,642) 16,583 (16,040 - 17,142)
Northeast 3,132 (2,939 - 3,338) 227 (208 - 248) 987    (936 - 1,039) 1,918 (1,743 - 2,109) 2,905 (2,716 - 3,107)
Midwest 4,340 (4,144 - 4,544) 321 (300 - 343) 1,381 (1,328 - 1,436) 2,638 (2,459 - 2,829) 4,019 (3,827 - 4,220)
South 6,082 (5,782 - 6,394) 431 (400 - 464) 1,779 (1,705 - 1,855) 3,872 (3,601 - 4,162) 5,651 (5,358 - 5,956)
West 4,342 (4,081 - 4,618) 334 (302 - 368) 1,323 (1,250 - 1,400) 2,685 (2,451 - 2,939) 4,008 (3,755 - 4,276)
Alabama 227 (188 - 273) 18 (14 - 23) 61 (51 - 73) 148 (115 - 189) 209 (172 - 254)
Alaska 37 (31 - 44) 3 (3 - 4) 12 (11 - 15) 22 (17 - 28) 34 (28 - 41)
Arizona 355 (296 - 425) 26 (20 - 33) 101   (85 - 120) 229 (179 - 290) 329 (273 - 397)
Arkansas 180 (154 - 210) 16 (12 - 20) 53 (45 - 61) 112   (90 - 138) 164 (140 - 193)
California 2,317 (2,100 - 2,555) 178 (151 - 208) 706 (644 - 772) 1,434 (1,241 - 1,654) 2,139 (1,929 - 2,371)
Colorado 360 (309 - 418) 27 (21 - 34) 115 (100 - 132) 217 (175 - 269) 333 (284 - 389)
Connecticut 230 (197 - 269) 19 (15 - 24) 71 (61 - 81) 140 (112 - 174) 211 (179 - 248)
Delaware 45 (37 - 54) 3 (2 - 4) 13 (11 - 16) 29 (22 - 36) 42 (35 - 50)
District of Columbia 48 (41 - 56) 1 (1 - 2) 16 (13 - 18) 31 (25 - 38) 47 (40 - 55)
Florida 1,019    (918 - 1,132) 68 (58 - 79) 268 (245 - 293) 684 (591 - 791) 952    (853 - 1,062)
Georgia 491 (407 - 591) 34 (26 - 44) 140 (117 - 167) 317 (247 - 406) 457 (376 - 554)
Hawaii 88   (73 - 107) 6 (4 - 8) 24 (20 - 28) 59 (45 - 76) 83   (68 - 101)
Idaho 88   (75 - 103) 8   (7 - 10) 30 (25 - 34) 50 (40 - 64) 80 (68 - 95)
Illinois 825 (749 - 908) 60 (52 - 69) 264 (241 - 287) 501 (435 - 577) 765 (691 - 846)
Indiana 350 (296 - 413) 26 (20 - 33) 112   (97 - 130) 212 (168 - 268) 325 (273 - 385)
Iowa 218 (186 - 253) 17 (14 - 22) 68 (59 - 78) 132 (107 - 164) 200 (170 - 234)
Kansas 182 (156 - 213) 15 (12 - 19) 64 (55 - 75) 103   (83 - 129) 168 (142 - 197)
Kentucky 203 (168 - 243) 16 (12 - 20) 59 (50 - 70) 127   (99 - 163) 187 (154 - 225)
Louisiana 250 (210 - 297) 16 (13 - 21) 72 (61 - 84) 162 (128 - 204) 234 (195 - 280)
Maine 81 (68 - 96) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (20 - 27) 51 (40 - 65) 75 (63 - 90)
Maryland 340 (289 - 400) 23 (18 - 30) 106   (91 - 123) 211 (168 - 264) 317 (267 - 374)
Massachusetts 475 (403 - 559) 30 (24 - 38) 146 (125 - 168) 299 (239 - 373) 445 (375 - 526)
Michigan 646 (588 - 709) 47 (41 - 54) 199 (183 - 217) 399 (347 - 459) 599 (542 - 661)
Minnesota 389 (332 - 454) 29 (23 - 36) 126 (109 - 145) 234 (186 - 292) 359 (305 - 423)
Mississippi 142 (117 - 172) 10   (8 - 13) 45 (37 - 53) 88   (68 - 114) 133 (108 - 161)
Missouri 367 (311 - 431) 27 (21 - 34) 114   (98 - 132) 226 (179 - 283) 339 (286 - 401)
Montana 71 (62 - 82) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (21 - 27) 42 (34 - 52) 66 (56 - 76)
Nebraska 121 (103 - 142) 9   (7 - 11) 40 (35 - 47) 72 (57 - 90) 112   (94 - 132)
Nevada 159 (133 - 190) 13 (10 - 16) 41 (35 - 48) 106   (84 - 133) 147 (122 - 176)
New Hampshire 88   (74 - 103) 7 (5 - 8) 28 (24 - 32) 53 (42 - 67) 81 (68 - 96)
New Jersey 454 (378 - 544) 36 (28 - 46) 133 (113 - 156) 285 (222 - 364) 418 (345 - 504)
New Mexico 123 (104 - 146) 11   (8 - 14) 40 (34 - 46) 73 (57 - 92) 112   (94 - 134)
New York 1,019    (907 - 1,144) 73 (62 - 85) 328 (297 - 362) 618 (519 - 734) 946    (836 - 1,070)
North Carolina 456 (381 - 545) 30 (23 - 39) 136 (116 - 159) 290 (227 - 369) 426 (354 - 512)
North Dakota 50 (43 - 57) 4 (3 - 4) 19 (17 - 22) 27 (22 - 34) 46 (40 - 54)
Ohio 720 (656 - 789) 54 (47 - 61) 219 (202 - 237) 447 (390 - 513) 666 (604 - 735)
Oklahoma 191 (159 - 230) 13 (10 - 17) 63 (53 - 75) 115   (89 - 148) 178 (147 - 215)
Oregon 201 (168 - 240) 15 (12 - 19) 58 (49 - 69) 128 (100 - 163) 186 (155 - 224)
Pennsylvania 669 (602 - 744) 49 (41 - 57) 220 (201 - 241) 401 (342 - 468) 621 (556 - 693)
Rhode Island 75 (63 - 88) 5 (4 - 6) 24 (20 - 28) 46 (37 - 58) 70 (59 - 83)
South Carolina 264 (223 - 313) 18 (14 - 22) 73 (62 - 85) 174 (139 - 217) 247 (207 - 294)
South Dakota 58 (50 - 67) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 23) 34 (28 - 42) 54 (46 - 63)
Tennessee 358 (301 - 424) 26 (20 - 33) 108   (92 - 125) 224 (177 - 282) 332 (277 - 396)
Texas 1,326 (1,198 - 1,466) 103   (89 - 120) 399 (363 - 439) 823 (714 - 949) 1,222 (1,098 - 1,360)
Utah 124 (103 - 150) 10   (8 - 14) 48 (39 - 58) 67 (50 - 87) 114   (94 - 139)
Vermont 42 (36 - 49) 3 (2 - 4) 14 (12 - 16) 25 (20 - 31) 39 (33 - 46)
Virginia 448 (376 - 533) 30 (23 - 38) 139 (120 - 161) 279 (219 - 354) 418 (350 - 500)
Washington 378 (320 - 445) 28 (22 - 36) 113   (97 - 130) 236 (188 - 296) 349 (294 - 414)
West Virginia 93   (77 - 111) 6 (5 - 8) 29 (25 - 34) 57 (45 - 73) 86   (72 - 104)
Wisconsin 415 (357 - 481) 29 (23 - 36) 136 (118 - 156) 250 (201 - 309) 386 (330 - 450)
Wyoming 39 (33 - 45) 3 (3 - 4) 12 (11 - 14) 23 (19 - 29) 35 (30 - 41)
130107
Table 23 – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode in the Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Confidence
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Confidence
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Confidence
Interval)
NOTE: Major depressive episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. For details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to produce an estimate for those aged 12 or older.
NOTE: The 2006-2007 estimates may differ from estimates published prior to 2012 due to updates (see Section 1.5 of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2009-2010 NSDUHs).
NOTE: State and census region estimates, along with the 95 percent Bayesian confidence (credible) intervals, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach and generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques. For the "Total U.S." row, design-based (direct) estimates and corresponding 95 percent confidence intervals are given.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007 (Revised March 2012).
Total U.S. 14,659 (14,120 - 15,221) 2,037 (1,950 - 2,127) 2,641 (2,534 - 2,752) 12,019 (11,495 - 12,568)
Northeast 2,656 (2,469 - 2,856) 347 (323 - 372) 472 (436 - 510) 2,184 (2,007 - 2,377)
Midwest 3,359 (3,179 - 3,549) 462 (438 - 488) 633 (598 - 670) 2,726 (2,555 - 2,909)
South 5,439 (5,136 - 5,761) 749 (707 - 793) 920 (867 - 975) 4,520 (4,226 - 4,834)
West 3,205 (2,966 - 3,462) 479 (443 - 518) 616 (567 - 669) 2,588 (2,362 - 2,836)
Alabama 205 (166 - 251) 30 (25 - 36) 38 (31 - 47) 167 (131 - 211)
Alaska 32 (26 - 39) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (5 - 8) 26 (20 - 33)
Arizona 307 (251 - 374) 43 (36 - 52) 55 (45 - 68) 251 (199 - 315)
Arkansas 156 (129 - 188) 19 (16 - 23) 27 (22 - 33) 129 (103 - 160)
California 1,557 (1,363 - 1,776) 246 (216 - 279) 313 (274 - 358) 1,243 (1,061 - 1,455)
Colorado 233 (190 - 286) 35 (29 - 42) 44 (36 - 55) 189 (149 - 239)
Connecticut 164 (133 - 201) 22 (19 - 27) 28 (23 - 35) 135 (106 - 172)
Delaware 41 (34 - 50) 6 (5 - 8) 7 (6 - 9) 34 (27 - 43)
District of Columbia 34 (28 - 42) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (6 - 8) 28 (22 - 35)
Florida 860 (756 - 979) 105   (93 - 119) 129 (113 - 147) 731 (631 - 847)
Georgia 460 (373 - 566) 70 (58 - 84) 74 (59 - 92) 386 (304 - 487)
Hawaii 48 (38 - 62) 8   (7 - 10) 9   (7 - 11) 40 (30 - 53)
Idaho 78 (64 - 94) 12 (10 - 14) 14 (11 - 17) 64 (51 - 79)
Illinois 565 (494 - 645) 80 (70 - 91) 115 (101 - 131) 449 (383 - 527)
Indiana 352 (292 - 423) 46 (38 - 54) 68 (57 - 81) 284 (229 - 352)
Iowa 153 (127 - 184) 20 (16 - 24) 31 (25 - 37) 122   (98 - 152)
Kansas 136 (112 - 165) 22 (18 - 26) 28 (22 - 34) 108   (86 - 136)
Kentucky 259 (213 - 314) 34 (28 - 40) 39 (32 - 47) 220 (177 - 274)
Louisiana 221 (181 - 269) 31 (26 - 38) 42 (34 - 51) 180 (142 - 226)
Maine 84   (69 - 102) 9   (8 - 11) 13 (10 - 15) 71 (57 - 89)
Maryland 245 (199 - 301) 37 (30 - 45) 45 (37 - 56) 200 (157 - 252)
Massachusetts 346 (283 - 421) 41 (34 - 49) 59 (48 - 72) 287 (228 - 360)
Michigan 542 (482 - 609) 72 (64 - 82) 101   (90 - 113) 441 (384 - 506)
Minnesota 243 (199 - 296) 39 (32 - 46) 45 (37 - 55) 198 (157 - 248)
Mississippi 119   (96 - 147) 19 (16 - 24) 23 (19 - 29) 96   (74 - 123)
Missouri 338 (278 - 408) 46 (38 - 55) 56 (46 - 67) 282 (226 - 350)
Montana 51 (42 - 61) 7 (6 - 8) 9   (8 - 11) 41 (33 - 51)
Nebraska 82   (66 - 100) 11   (9 - 14) 16 (13 - 20) 66 (51 - 84)
Nevada 147 (119 - 180) 18 (14 - 21) 24 (19 - 29) 123   (97 - 155)
New Hampshire 84   (69 - 101) 10   (9 - 12) 12 (10 - 15) 71 (57 - 88)
New Jersey 373 (299 - 462) 57 (48 - 69) 61 (49 - 76) 311 (242 - 399)
New Mexico 97   (77 - 120) 16 (13 - 19) 19 (15 - 23) 78   (60 - 101)
New York 889    (776 - 1,016) 114 (100 - 130) 166 (145 - 190) 723 (617 - 845)
North Carolina 438 (356 - 537) 62 (52 - 74) 69 (56 - 84) 369 (291 - 465)
North Dakota 36 (30 - 42) 4 (4 - 5) 8   (7 - 10) 27 (22 - 34)
Ohio 597 (531 - 671) 78 (69 - 88) 104   (93 - 117) 493 (430 - 564)
Oklahoma 217 (178 - 264) 26 (21 - 32) 39 (32 - 48) 178 (141 - 224)
Oregon 186 (153 - 225) 24 (20 - 29) 35 (28 - 42) 151 (120 - 189)
Pennsylvania 621 (550 - 700) 82 (72 - 92) 115 (101 - 131) 506 (438 - 582)
Rhode Island 59 (49 - 72) 6 (5 - 8) 11   (9 - 13) 48 (39 - 60)
South Carolina 223 (181 - 274) 31 (26 - 37) 38 (31 - 46) 185 (146 - 234)
South Dakota 32 (26 - 40) 5 (4 - 6) 7 (5 - 8) 26 (20 - 33)
Tennessee 393 (323 - 477) 42 (35 - 51) 55 (45 - 66) 339 (272 - 420)
Texas 1,048    (923 - 1,188) 166 (147 - 187) 198 (174 - 225) 850 (732 - 986)
Utah 125 (104 - 150) 20 (17 - 25) 31 (26 - 38) 94   (75 - 117)
Vermont 37 (31 - 45) 5 (4 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 31 (25 - 38)
Virginia 399 (326 - 487) 56 (47 - 67) 71 (58 - 87) 328 (261 - 412)
Washington 314 (256 - 385) 41 (34 - 50) 51 (41 - 62) 264 (209 - 331)
West Virginia 119   (98 - 144) 12 (10 - 14) 19 (15 - 23) 100   (81 - 124)
Wisconsin 284 (233 - 346) 39 (33 - 47) 54 (44 - 66) 230 (182 - 289)
Wyoming 30 (25 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 24 (19 - 30)

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