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130325
Table 3.1A – Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use and Perceived Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Risk/Availability Total
(2011)
Total
(2012)
Aged 12-17
(2011)
Aged 12-17
(2012)
Aged 18-25
(2011)
Aged 18-25
(2012)
Aged 26+
(2011)
Aged 26+
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 182,546a 185,136 16,327 16,173 22,501a 22,958 143,718a 146,005
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 80,875 78,874 6,758a 6,471 6,142a 5,741 67,975 66,662
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 107,133b 103,277 10,986 10,682 8,736b 8,062 87,410a 84,534
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 175,835b 180,470 11,712b 12,235 21,041b 21,727 143,082b 146,508
Use Once or Twice a Week 221,840b 225,252 19,035 19,215 28,774b 29,259 174,031b 176,778
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 207,554b 211,215 13,729 13,826 26,458b 27,007 167,368b 170,382
Use Once or Twice a Week 236,448b 239,203 19,357 19,336 31,427b 31,893 185,663b 187,974
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 176,281 177,840 11,060 11,026 20,106 20,007 145,114 146,807
Use Once or Twice a Week 215,905a 218,024 16,577 16,532 26,942 27,105 172,386a 174,387
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day174,163 176,417 15,973 15,762 21,165 21,135 137,025a 139,520
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 107,573 109,323 10,026 9,777 11,801 11,874 85,746 87,672
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 141,832 142,880 11,544 11,463 25,353 25,674 104,935 105,743
Cocaine 64,021 62,263 4,178b 3,782 10,513a 10,071 49,330 48,410
Crack 57,296 55,482 4,331b 3,938 7,722a 7,314 45,243 44,231
Heroin 38,213 38,332 2,542a 2,320 5,042 5,211 30,629 30,801
LSD 35,635 35,264 2,851a 2,646 5,851 5,795 26,932 26,822
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 18,240 18,542 3,438 3,272 6,182a 6,535 8,621 8,735
130325
Table 3.1B – Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use and Perceived Availability of Substances, by Age Group: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Risk/Availability Total
(2011)
Total
(2012)
Aged 12-17
(2011)
Aged 12-17
(2012)
Aged 18-25
(2011)
Aged 18-25
(2012)
Aged 26+
(2011)
Aged 26+
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                
Cigarettes                
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 71.3 71.6 66.2 65.7 65.9 66.6 72.8 73.2
Marijuana                
Smoke Once a Month 31.9a 30.8 27.6 26.5 18.0a 16.7 34.9 33.8
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 42.3b 40.3 44.8 43.6 25.6b 23.5 44.9b 42.9
Cocaine                
Use Once a Month 69.4a 70.5 48.1b 50.4 62.0a 63.5 73.4 74.2
Use Once or Twice a Week 87.5 87.9 78.1 78.9 84.8 85.5 89.2 89.4
Heroin                
Try Once or Twice 82.0 82.6 56.6 57.3 78.0 79.0 85.9 86.3
Use Once or Twice a Week 93.4 93.4 79.7 80.0 92.6 93.2 95.2 95.1
LSD                
Try Once or Twice 70.3 70.1 47.0 47.2 60.1 59.1 74.9 74.8
Use Once or Twice a Week 86.1 85.9 70.4 70.6 80.4 80.0 89.0 88.7
Alcohol                
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day68.2 68.3 64.8 63.9 62.0 61.4 69.7 70.1
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 42.1 42.4 40.7 39.7 34.5 34.5 43.6 44.1
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                
Marijuana 57.5 57.5 47.7 47.8 75.0 75.2 55.6 55.5
Cocaine 26.5a 25.5 17.5b 16.0 31.7b 30.1 26.7 25.9
Crack 23.7a 22.7 18.2b 16.7 23.4b 22.0 24.5 23.6
Heroin 15.9 15.8 10.7a 9.9 15.3 15.7 16.6 16.5
LSD 14.9 14.6 12.2 11.5 17.9 17.5 14.7 14.4
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 7.1 7.1 13.8 13.2 18.0 18.9 4.4 4.4
130325
Table 3.2A – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 16,327 16,173 15,973 15,762 10,026 9,777
AGE            
12-13 5,061 4,969 5,167 5,260 3,309 3,251
14-15 5,481 5,551 5,380 5,236 3,349 3,238
16-17 5,786 5,652 5,426 5,267 3,369 3,289
GENDER            
Male 7,886 7,780 7,372 7,326 4,608 4,516
Female 8,441 8,393 8,601 8,436 5,418 5,261
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 12,821 12,660 12,603 12,359 7,760 7,547
White 9,239 9,045 8,764 8,555 5,092 4,802
Black or African American 2,155 2,205 2,343 2,349 1,678 1,763
American Indian or Alaska Native 80 75 88 84 51 57
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 845 865 904 870 594 600
Two or More Races 448 427 460 459 311 293
Hispanic or Latino 3,507 3,512 3,370 3,403 2,266 2,230
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 8,777 8,994 8,750 8,952 5,522 5,459
Small Metro 5,179a 4,785 4,970a 4,554 3,049 2,888
Nonmetro 2,371 2,393 2,252 2,256 1,455 1,430
130325
Table 3.2B – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Cigarette and Alcohol Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic CIGARETTES ALCOHOL
Smoke One or More Packs
Per Day
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly
Every Day
Have Five or More Drinks
Once or Twice a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 66.2 65.7 64.8 63.9 40.7 39.7
AGE            
12-13 65.4a 63.2 66.9 66.5 42.9 41.4
14-15 65.5 66.7 64.2 62.9 40.0 39.0
16-17 67.6 66.9 63.5 62.4 39.4 38.9
GENDER            
Male 62.5 61.8 58.6 58.2 36.6 36.0
Female 70.0 69.7 71.3 69.8 44.9 43.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 66.3 65.8 65.2 64.1 40.2 39.2
White 67.0 66.2 63.6 62.7 37.0a 35.2
Black or African American 62.4 63.7 67.8 67.6 48.6 50.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 59.4 50.6 65.4 56.3 38.5 38.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 71.0 74.1 75.8 74.1 49.8 51.3
Two or More Races 63.0 59.1 65.0 63.1 43.6 40.2
Hispanic or Latino 65.9 65.3 63.4 63.0 42.7 41.5
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 66.9 66.9 66.6 66.5 42.0 40.7
Small Metro 66.6 65.3 64.1 62.2 39.4 39.5
Nonmetro 63.0 61.9 59.9 58.1 38.8 36.9
130325
Table 3.3A – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 6,758a 6,471 10,986 10,682 11,712b 12,235 19,035 19,215
AGE                
12-13 2,756 2,722 4,417 4,397 2,988 3,121 5,466 5,388
14-15 2,227 2,152 3,688 3,656 3,913 4,059 6,494 6,621
16-17 1,775a 1,597 2,881a 2,628 4,811 5,054 7,076 7,206
GENDER                
Male 3,067 3,019 5,069 4,989 5,902b 6,420 9,704 9,839
Female 3,691a 3,452 5,917 5,693 5,809 5,815 9,332 9,376
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 5,365a 5,070 8,751 8,601 9,358b 9,811 15,211 15,258
White 3,842 3,625 6,529 6,360 6,597 6,942 11,139 11,055
Black or African American 910 874 1,215 1,246 1,772 1,868 2,470 2,554
American Indian or Alaska Native 32 42 54 59 63 60 100 105
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 380 351 657 625 503 533 879 924
Two or More Races 185 165 280 291 378 367 570 559
Hispanic or Latino 1,393 1,401 2,235 2,081 2,354 2,423 3,824 3,957
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 3,476 3,262 5,670 5,597 6,280 6,561 10,118 10,518
Small Metro 2,082 2,010 3,447 3,248 3,625 3,657 5,970 5,678
Nonmetro 1,200 1,199 1,869 1,837 1,807a 2,017 2,947 3,020
130325
Table 3.3B – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Marijuana and Cocaine Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic MARIJUANA COCAINE
Smoke Once a Month Smoke Once or Twice
a Week
Use Once a Month Use Once or Twice
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 27.6 26.5 44.8 43.6 48.1b 50.4 78.1 78.9
AGE                
12-13 36.0 35.1 57.6 56.6 39.2 40.5 71.7a 69.6
14-15 26.7 26.0 44.3 44.1 47.3 49.3 78.4a 80.3
16-17 20.8a 19.0 33.7a 31.2 56.9b 60.4 83.6b 86.1
GENDER                
Male 24.5 24.2 40.5 39.9 47.6b 51.9 78.2 79.3
Female 30.7a 28.8 49.2 47.5 48.6 48.7 78.0 78.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 27.9a 26.6 45.5 45.0 49.0b 51.7 79.5 80.1
White 28.1 26.8 47.7 46.9 48.5b 51.6 81.8 81.9
Black or African American 26.3 25.3 35.2 36.1 51.5 54.3 72.0 74.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 23.9 28.1 40.1 40.2 46.5 41.0 73.9 72.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 32.4 30.5 55.5 54.2 43.1 46.6 74.8a 80.4
Two or More Races 26.2 23.0 39.6 40.5 54.1 51.2 81.3 78.0
Hispanic or Latino 26.4 26.1 42.2a 38.8 44.9 45.7 72.9 74.5
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 26.7b 24.5 43.4 41.9 48.4 49.6 77.9 79.2
Small Metro 27.0 27.7 44.6 44.7 47.3b 50.7 77.9 78.5
Nonmetro 32.0 31.0 49.8 47.6 48.6b 52.6 79.2 78.4
130325
Table 3.4A – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 13,729 13,826 19,357 19,336 11,060 11,026 16,577 16,532
AGE                
12-13 3,404 3,268 5,238 5,225 2,929 2,817 4,552 4,507
14-15 4,543 4,685 6,630 6,662 3,671 3,679 5,625 5,684
16-17 5,782 5,873 7,489 7,450 4,460 4,531 6,400 6,341
GENDER                
Male 7,113 7,207 9,896 9,921 5,638 5,788 8,436 8,461
Female 6,616 6,619 9,461 9,415 5,423 5,238 8,141 8,070
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 10,759 10,905 15,420 15,359 8,677 8,728 13,206 13,265
White 7,600 7,642 11,297 11,162 6,103 6,072 9,726 9,690
Black or African American 2,034 2,110 2,503 2,556 1,678 1,752 2,109 2,185
American Indian or Alaska Native 66 63 92 103 66 62 80 86
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 578 601 892 908 475 486 766 792
Two or More Races 432 438 588 567 314 324 482 460
Hispanic or Latino 2,969 2,921 3,937 3,977 2,384 2,298 3,372 3,267
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 7,425 7,529 10,333 10,578 5,884 5,829 8,788 8,979
Small Metro 4,241 4,105 6,096 5,740 3,432 3,352 5,230 4,942
Nonmetro 2,064 2,192 2,928 3,018 1,744 1,845 2,559 2,610
130325
Table 3.4B – Perceived Great Risk of Harm Associated with Heroin and LSD Use among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic HEROIN LSD
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
Try Once or Twice Use Once or Twice
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 56.6 57.3 79.7 80.0 47.0 47.2 70.4 70.6
AGE                
12-13 45.1 43.0 69.3 68.5 40.7 38.9 63.1 62.1
14-15 55.1a 57.1 80.3 81.4 45.9 46.5 70.4 71.6
16-17 68.3a 70.4 88.4 89.1 53.6 55.1 76.8 77.1
GENDER                
Male 57.4 58.7 79.8 80.7 46.9 48.4 70.1 70.6
Female 55.7 55.8 79.6 79.2 47.2 45.9 70.8 70.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 56.5 57.8 80.9 81.2 47.1 47.8 71.5 72.5
White 56.0 57.0 83.2 83.1 46.4 46.9 73.8 74.6
Black or African American 59.5 62.1 73.2 75.2 50.9 53.2 64.0 66.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 49.9 43.7 69.2 70.9 51.3 44.7 62.5 61.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 49.5 53.2 76.3 80.0 42.5 44.9 68.4 72.7
Two or More Races 62.0 61.3 84.3 79.6 47.0 47.1 71.8 66.8
Hispanic or Latino 56.8 55.5 75.4 75.6 46.8 44.9 66.4 63.9
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 57.3 57.3 79.9 80.4 47.0 45.8 70.2 70.4
Small Metro 55.6 57.2 79.7 79.9 46.3a 48.4 70.4 71.1
Nonmetro 55.9 57.4 79.0 78.8 48.6 49.7 71.3 70.1
130325
Table 3.5A – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2011)
Marijuana
(2012)
Cocaine
(2011)
Cocaine
(2012)
Crack
(2011)
Crack
(2012)
Heroin
(2011)
Heroin
(2012)
LSD
(2011)
LSD
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 11,544 11,463 4,178b 3,782 4,331b 3,938 2,542a 2,320 2,851a 2,646
AGE                    
12-13 1,443 1,463 763 730 864 862 510 475 370 351
14-15 4,126 4,091 1,442a 1,293 1,584 1,446 902 843 955 938
16-17 5,975 5,908 1,973a 1,760 1,884b 1,630 1,130a 1,002 1,527a 1,358
GENDER                    
Male 5,760 5,746 1,677 1,541 1,676b 1,475 1,029a 901 1,210 1,126
Female 5,784 5,717 2,501b 2,241 2,655a 2,463 1,513 1,419 1,641 1,521
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 9,040 8,861 3,138b 2,776 3,309b 2,994 1,941a 1,769 2,243b 2,005
White 6,638 6,485 2,234b 1,964 2,313b 2,051 1,373a 1,228 1,739b 1,513
Black or African American 1,587 1,586 628 569 701 654 385 379 303 309
American Indian or Alaska Native 62 51 18a 8 19 19 13 5 15 7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 357 330 122 95 145 133 84 67 101 69
Two or More Races 361 377 126 134 118 128 75 87 78 101
Hispanic or Latino 2,504 2,602 1,040 1,006 1,022 944 601 551 608 642
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 6,290 6,387 2,282 2,117 2,307 2,179 1,389 1,279 1,615 1,454
Small Metro 3,645 3,453 1,339b 1,117 1,393b 1,154 796a 686 873 789
Nonmetro 1,609 1,623 557 548 631 605 356 355 363 404
130325
Table 3.5B – Perceived That Obtaining Specific Illicit Drugs Would Be Fairly or Very Easy among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/
Geographic Characteristic
Marijuana
(2011)
Marijuana
(2012)
Cocaine
(2011)
Cocaine
(2012)
Crack
(2011)
Crack
(2012)
Heroin
(2011)
Heroin
(2012)
LSD
(2011)
LSD
(2012)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy." Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 47.7 47.8 17.5b 16.0 18.2b 16.7 10.7a 9.9 12.2 11.5
AGE                    
12-13 19.3 19.5 10.3 9.8 11.7 11.6 7.0 6.4 5.2 4.9
14-15 50.0 50.1 17.7a 16.1 19.4 18.0 11.1 10.6 12.0 12.0
16-17 70.7 71.0 23.8a 21.7 22.7b 20.1 13.7 12.3 18.6a 16.9
GENDER                    
Male 46.5 46.9 13.7 12.8 13.7a 12.2 8.5 7.5 10.1 9.5
Female 49.0 48.6 21.5b 19.5 22.8 21.3 13.1 12.3 14.5 13.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 47.7 47.3 16.8b 15.1 17.7b 16.3 10.5 9.6 12.3a 11.2
White 49.2 48.9 16.8b 15.1 17.4b 15.7 10.4 9.5 13.4a 11.9
Black or African American 46.4 46.7 18.6 17.1 20.8 19.5 11.5 11.4 9.2 9.4
American Indian or Alaska Native 48.4a 34.8 13.9b 5.2 14.9 13.0 10.1a 3.8 11.4 5.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 30.6 29.5 10.6 8.6 12.7 12.1 7.4 6.2 9.0 6.4
Two or More Races 52.0 53.2 18.6 19.4 17.4 18.5 11.1 12.5 11.9 14.9
Hispanic or Latino 47.9 49.5 20.1 19.4 19.7 18.2 11.7 10.6 12.0 12.6
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 48.7 48.9 17.9a 16.6 18.1 17.0 11.0 10.0 13.0a 11.6
Small Metro 48.1 48.3 18.0a 15.8 18.7b 16.3 10.7 9.8 12.0 11.5
Nonmetro 43.4 42.9 15.3 14.7 17.2 16.2 9.8 9.6 10.2 11.1
130325
Table 3.6A – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 22,926 22,871 21,972 21,959 22,574 22,448 22,274 22,273
AGE                
12-13 7,407 7,470 7,388 7,482 7,454 7,528 7,272 7,380
14-15 7,875 7,838 7,519 7,534 7,744 7,687 7,592 7,573
16-17 7,645 7,563 7,065 6,943 7,376 7,232 7,410 7,321
GENDER                
Male 11,657 11,657 11,108 11,130 11,390 11,380 11,202 11,262
Female 11,269 11,214 10,864 10,829 11,184a 11,068 11,072 11,012
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,993 17,869 17,162 17,036 17,664a 17,504 17,576 17,424
White 12,820 12,725 12,160 11,987 12,595 12,385 12,518 12,369
Black or African American 3,186 3,137 3,088 3,092 3,134 3,118 3,139 3,087
American Indian or Alaska Native 117 130 122 127 122 127 119 134
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1,142 1,121 1,135 1,127 1,140 1,140 1,106 1,113
Two or More Races 661 673 595 616 614 649 631 642
Hispanic or Latino 4,933 5,002 4,810a 4,923 4,910 4,944 4,698b 4,850
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12,343 12,512 11,719 11,909 12,058 12,211 11,916 12,174
Small Metro 7,147 6,816 6,867 6,543 7,060 6,666 7,052 6,654
Nonmetro 3,436 3,543 3,386 3,508 3,456 3,571 3,306 3,445
130325
Table 3.6B – Youths Felt That Parents Would Strongly Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Parents' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Parents' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 93.2 93.1 89.3 89.3 91.6 91.3 90.5 90.5
AGE                
12-13 96.1 95.4 95.7 95.2 96.5 95.8 94.1 93.9
14-15 94.1 94.4 89.9 90.7 92.5 92.5 90.7 91.0
16-17 89.7 89.8 82.9 82.4 86.5 86.0 86.9 86.8
GENDER                
Male 93.1 93.2 88.6 88.8 90.8 90.9 89.3 89.8
Female 93.3 93.1 89.9 89.7 92.5 91.7 91.6 91.2
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 93.1 93.1 88.7 88.7 91.3 91.1 90.9 90.6
White 93.1 93.3 88.3 87.9 91.4 90.8 90.9 90.7
Black or African American 92.4 91.4 89.4 89.7 90.7 90.6 90.9 89.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 87.9 89.5 92.3 87.5 92.0 87.7 89.1 92.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 95.4 95.9 94.5 96.4 95.2 97.1 92.8 94.7
Two or More Races 93.3 92.7 84.3 85.0 86.5 89.4 88.6 88.4
Hispanic or Latino 93.7 93.4 91.2 91.4 92.8 92.2 88.9 90.0
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 94.1 93.5 89.2 88.8 91.7 91.2 90.7 90.6
Small Metro 92.5 93.3 88.8 89.4 91.4 91.1 91.1 90.9
Nonmetro 91.7 91.7 90.2 90.7 92.1 92.3 88.2 89.1
130325
Table 3.7A – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 21,745 21,826 19,675 19,660 20,016 19,944 21,291 21,168
AGE                
12-13 7,243 7,355 7,203 7,316 7,241 7,361 7,220 7,316
14-15 7,387 7,395 6,736 6,768 6,876 6,841 7,246 7,216
16-17 7,115 7,075 5,737 5,576 5,899 5,742 6,825 6,636
GENDER                
Male 10,823 10,879 9,741 9,722 9,857 9,810 10,538 10,483
Female 10,923 10,947 9,934 9,938 10,159 10,134 10,752 10,685
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,106 17,147 15,434 15,432 15,732 15,665 16,767 16,659
White 12,264 12,137 11,014 10,885 11,255 11,068 11,991 11,774
Black or African American 2,995 3,040 2,691 2,747 2,725 2,772 2,910 2,946
American Indian or Alaska Native 105 129 101 122 103 119 114 129
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1,071 1,117 1,047 1,069 1,051 1,083 1,084 1,123
Two or More Races 618 643 535 536 548 547 609 605
Hispanic or Latino 4,640 4,678 4,241 4,228 4,284 4,279 4,523 4,509
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,691 11,994 10,332 10,587 10,550 10,780 11,400 11,627
Small Metro 6,814 6,461 6,234 5,876 6,320 5,945 6,699 6,275
Nonmetro 3,241 3,371 3,109 3,197 3,146 3,219 3,192 3,266
130325
Table 3.7B – Youths Felt That Close Friends Would Strongly Disapprove or Somewhat Disapprove of Youth's Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Perceptions of Close Friends' Feelings data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 88.6 88.9 80.1 80.1 81.5 81.2 86.7 86.3
AGE                
12-13 94.0 93.9 93.5 93.3 94.0 93.8 93.7 93.3
14-15 88.7 89.0 80.8 81.5 82.4 82.4 86.9 87.0
16-17 83.5 84.1 67.4 66.4 69.2 68.3 80.0 79.1
GENDER                
Male 86.8 87.2 78.0 77.9 78.9 78.6 84.3 84.1
Female 90.4 90.6 82.3 82.3 84.1 83.9 89.1 88.6
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 88.7 89.3 80.1 80.4 81.6 81.7 87.0 86.9
White 89.2 89.1 80.1 80.0 81.9 81.3 87.3 86.6
Black or African American 87.4 88.1 78.5 79.8 79.3 80.4 84.6 85.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 80.7 88.1 77.7 82.8 79.6 82.7 87.6 89.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 90.1b 95.8 88.1 91.4 88.3a 92.8 91.4b 95.9
Two or More Races 86.8 89.1 75.0 74.1 77.1 75.8 85.6 84.1
Hispanic or Latino 88.0 87.3 80.3 78.9 81.0 79.6 85.5 84.2
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 89.4 89.6 79.0 79.1 80.6 80.4 87.1 87.0
Small Metro 88.3 88.5 80.7 80.6 81.8 81.5 86.7 86.0
Nonmetro 86.3 87.3 82.8 82.7 83.8 83.4 85.0 84.6
130325
Table 3.8A – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 22,405 22,510 19,724 19,816 19,787 19,783 21,708 21,854
AGE                
12-13 7,315 7,448 7,203 7,331 7,212 7,337 7,289 7,402
14-15 7,635 7,651 6,773 6,804 6,761 6,766 7,387 7,410
16-17 7,455 7,411 5,748 5,681 5,814 5,680 7,032 7,042
GENDER                
Male 11,277 11,341 9,819 9,903 9,805 9,837 10,823 10,944
Female 11,128 11,168 9,905 9,913 9,982 9,946 10,884 10,910
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,645 17,630 15,504 15,518 15,608 15,521 17,134 17,169
White 12,620 12,576 11,003 10,903 11,130 10,999 12,283 12,221
Black or African American 3,088 3,081 2,768 2,815 2,754 2,727 2,958 3,017
American Indian or Alaska Native 116 139 109 129 103 127 109 134
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1,118 1,099 1,038 1,044 1,042 1,040 1,110 1,092
Two or More Races 645 655 537 547 529 551 615 623
Hispanic or Latino 4,759a 4,879 4,219 4,298 4,179 4,263 4,573a 4,686
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12,014 12,313 10,393 10,614 10,439 10,609 11,646 11,945
Small Metro 7,022 6,671 6,183 5,956 6,217 5,940 6,817 6,500
Nonmetro 3,369 3,525 3,148 3,246 3,131 3,234 3,245 3,409
130325
Table 3.8B – Youths Strongly Disapproved or Somewhat Disapproved of Peers' Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE BEHAVIOR
Smoking One or More
Packs of Cigarettes
Per Day
Trying Marijuana or
Hashish Once or Twice
Using Marijuana or
Hashish Once a Month
or More
Having One or Two
Drinks of an Alcoholic
Beverage Nearly Every
Day
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Youths' Feelings about Peers include "Neither approve nor disapprove," "Somewhat disapprove," and "Strongly disapprove." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Strongly disapprove" or "Somewhat disapprove." Respondents with unknown Feelings about Peers data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 91.0 91.4 80.0 80.5 80.3 80.3 88.1 88.7
AGE                
12-13 94.6 94.6 93.1 93.2 93.3 93.2 94.1 93.9
14-15 91.3 91.9 80.9 81.8 80.7 81.2 88.3 89.0
16-17 87.4 87.8 67.4 67.5 68.2 67.5 82.5 83.5
GENDER                
Male 89.9 90.4 78.2 79.0 78.1 78.5 86.3 87.2
Female 92.1 92.4 81.9 82.1 82.6 82.3 90.0 90.3
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 91.2 91.7 80.1 80.7 80.7 80.7 88.5 89.2
White 91.5 92.2 79.8 80.0 80.7 80.6 89.0 89.5
Black or African American 89.7 89.3 80.2 81.6 80.0 79.1 86.0 87.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 87.5b 94.4 82.4 87.7 78.1a 86.5 83.3b 93.4
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 93.8 93.6 87.2 88.9 87.5 88.8 93.3 93.2
Two or More Races 90.6 90.3 75.4 75.7 74.3 76.2 86.3 85.9
Hispanic or Latino 90.0 90.3 79.7 79.8 79.0 79.0 86.5 86.7
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 91.5 91.6 79.1 79.1 79.5 79.0 88.7 88.9
Small Metro 90.7 91.0 79.9 81.3 80.4 81.2 88.1 88.7
Nonmetro 89.6 91.0 83.7 83.8 83.2 83.6 86.1 88.0
130507
Table 3.9A – Participated in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 5,096a 5,376 3,340 3,325 2,501 2,331
AGE            
12-13 1,791 1,952 1,391 1,521 624 632
14-15 1,752 1,857 1,142 1,100 1,028 976
16-17 1,553 1,567 807 704 849a 723
GENDER            
Male 2,435 2,543 1,704 1,720 1,297 1,198
Female 2,661 2,833 1,636 1,605 1,205 1,134
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,141 4,277 2,590 2,563 1,971b 1,726
White 2,723 2,825 1,530 1,458 1,190a 1,029
Black or African American 930 908 772 792 535 495
American Indian or Alaska Native 24 32 24 21 17 15
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 292 310 167 163 132 87
Two or More Races 154 180 82 107 81 85
Hispanic or Latino 955a 1,099 751 762 531 605
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2,728a 2,998 1,711 1,827 1,310 1,257
Small Metro 1,561 1,563 1,086 989 770 684
Nonmetro 807 814 544 509 421 391
130507
Table 3.9B – Participated in a Prevention Program or Group in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PREVENTION PROGRAM OR GROUP1
Problem-Solving, Communication,
or Self-Esteem Group
Violence Prevention Program Pregnancy or Sexually
Transmitted Disease Prevention
Program
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 20.9a 22.1 13.5 13.5 10.1 9.4
AGE            
12-13 23.8 25.4 18.0 19.2 8.0 8.0
14-15 21.0 22.5 13.6 13.2 12.2 11.7
16-17 18.2 18.6 9.4 8.3 9.9a 8.6
GENDER            
Male 19.5 20.4 13.5 13.6 10.3 9.5
Female 22.4 23.8 13.6 13.3 9.9 9.4
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 21.7 22.5 13.4 13.3 10.2b 8.9
White 20.1 21.0 11.1 10.7 8.6a 7.5
Black or African American 26.9 26.2 22.1 22.7 15.4 14.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 18.3 22.8 17.7 14.0 12.4 10.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 25.1 27.3 14.1 14.0 11.1 7.4
Two or More Races 21.9 25.1 11.5 14.7 11.4 11.7
Hispanic or Latino 18.1 20.5 14.0 14.0 9.9 11.1
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 21.0a 22.6 13.0 13.6 9.9 9.3
Small Metro 20.4 21.6 14.0 13.5 9.9 9.3
Nonmetro 21.7 21.3 14.4 13.1 11.1 10.0
130507
Table 3.10A – Participated in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 2,894 2,949 983 1,015 18,489 18,712 14,224 14,338
AGE                
12-13 1,023 1,062 364 381 5,323 5,631 4,445 4,467
14-15 974 979 339 345 6,361 6,431 4,861 4,900
16-17 896 908 280 290 6,805 6,649 4,918 4,971
GENDER                
Male 1,559 1,588 539 567 9,306 9,342 7,154 7,235
Female 1,335 1,360 444 448 9,183a 9,370 7,070 7,104
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,334 2,299 763 777 14,549 14,596 11,132 11,120
White 1,454 1,440 442 472 10,420 10,373 8,368 8,233
Black or African American 592 559 234 206 2,494 2,573 1,605 1,740
American Indian or Alaska Native 19 24 9 11 93 101 72 75
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 143 156 39 41 930 932 620 603
Two or More Races 112 102 37 39 559 551 418 428
Hispanic or Latino 560 650 220 238 3,940a 4,117 3,092 3,218
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,428 1,543 478 566 9,990 10,326 7,615 7,906
Small Metro 953 886 335a 263 5,777 5,570 4,475 4,297
Nonmetro 512 520 171 186 2,722 2,817 2,134 2,135
130507
Table 3.10B – Participated in a Substance Use Program or Exposure to Substance Use Prevention Message in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE PROGRAM OR PREVENTION MESSAGE1
Participated in Alcohol,
Tobacco, or Drug
Prevention Program
Outside of School
Participated in Program
to Help Deal with Drug
or Alcohol Use
Saw or Heard Alcohol or
Drug Prevention Message
from Sources Outside
School
Talked to Parents about
Dangers of Tobacco,
Alcohol, or Drug Use
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 11.7 11.9 4.0 4.1 75.1 75.9 57.8 58.3
AGE                
12-13 13.2 13.4 4.7 4.8 69.1a 71.4 57.7 56.9
14-15 11.6 11.7 4.0 4.1 75.9 77.2 58.1 58.9
16-17 10.5 10.7 3.3 3.4 79.8 78.8 57.7 59.0
GENDER                
Male 12.4 12.6 4.3 4.5 73.8 74.1 56.9 57.6
Female 11.0 11.2 3.7 3.7 76.4 77.8 58.8 59.1
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 12.1 11.9 3.9 4.0 75.4 75.9 57.8 58.0
White 10.6 10.5 3.2 3.5 75.9 76.3 61.1 60.7
Black or African American 17.0 16.0 6.7 5.9 71.9 73.7 46.2a 49.9
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.5 16.5 6.9 7.5 68.3 70.7 54.9 52.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 11.9 13.3 3.3 3.5 79.0 79.3 52.4 51.6
Two or More Races 15.8 14.1 5.1 5.4 78.7 75.9 58.9 59.4
Hispanic or Latino 10.5 11.9 4.1 4.4 73.9 76.0 58.0 59.5
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 10.9 11.4 3.6 4.2 76.1 76.6 58.2 58.9
Small Metro 12.3 12.1 4.3 3.6 74.7 76.2 57.9 58.8
Nonmetro 13.6 13.4 4.5 4.8 72.4 72.8 56.8 55.2
130325
Table 3.11A – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 4,741 4,530 3,032 2,929 1,476 1,388
AGE            
12-13 1,661 1,562 1,011 989 441 437
14-15 1,641 1,605 1,041 1,003 520 487
16-17 1,439 1,364 980 937 515 465
GENDER            
Male 2,798 2,702 1,635 1,605 929a 791
Female 1,942 1,828 1,397 1,323 547 598
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3,603 3,445 2,275 2,155 1,147 1,079
White 2,220 2,128 1,464 1,402 644 610
Black or African American 976 969 580 552 359 379
American Indian or Alaska Native 41 39 17 19 11 12
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 169a 106 89 73 52 33
Two or More Races 178 184 110 100 70a 40
Hispanic or Latino 1,137 1,086 757 774 329 309
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 2,532 2,444 1,582 1,588 789 765
Small Metro 1,459 1,370 959 875 441 409
Nonmetro 750 717 491 466 246 214
130325
Table 3.11B – Participated in a Physical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Got into a Serious Fight
at School or Work
Took Part in a
Group-Against-Group Fight
Attacked Someone with the Intent
to Seriously Hurt Them
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 19.1 18.3 12.2 11.8 5.9 5.6
AGE            
12-13 21.2 19.5 12.9 12.4 5.6 5.5
14-15 19.4 19.2 12.3 12.0 6.2 5.8
16-17 16.8 16.2 11.4 11.1 6.0 5.5
GENDER            
Male 22.1 21.3 12.9 12.7 7.3a 6.2
Female 16.0 15.1 11.5 10.9 4.5 4.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 18.5 17.8 11.7 11.1 5.9 5.6
White 16.1 15.6 10.6 10.2 4.7 4.5
Black or African American 27.8 27.6 16.5 15.8 10.2 10.8
American Indian or Alaska Native 30.1 26.2 12.6 12.5 8.4 8.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 14.1a 9.0 7.5 6.2 4.3 2.8
Two or More Races 24.9 25.4 15.3 13.8 9.8a 5.6
Hispanic or Latino 21.1 19.8 14.1 14.2 6.1 5.7
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 19.1 18.1 12.0 11.7 6.0 5.6
Small Metro 18.7 18.6 12.3 11.9 5.6 5.6
Nonmetro 19.8 18.4 12.9 12.0 6.5 5.5
130325
Table 3.12A – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 863 878 749 681 933 875
AGE            
12-13 225 232 57 40 160 157
14-15 305 305 226 230 341 324
16-17 334 341 466 411 432 393
GENDER            
Male 712 702 526 478 575 565
Female 152 176 222 203 358 309
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 671 722 570 526 687 611
White 509 557 426 396 407 394
Black or African American 99 113 79 86 200 152
American Indian or Alaska Native 8 10 8 6 4 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 16 12 16 6 29 28
Two or More Races 34 30 40 33 42 30
Hispanic or Latino 192 155 178 156 246 264
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 439 399 418 362 549 539
Small Metro 249 289 233 223 265 226
Nonmetro 176 189 98 96 119 109
130325
Table 3.12B – Participated in a Nonphysical Delinquent Behavior in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR
Carried a Handgun Sold Illegal Drugs Stole or Tried to Steal Anything
Worth More Than $50
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as having participated if they indicated taking part in the particular behavior at least one time. Respondents with unknown Delinquent Behavior data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 3.5 3.5 3.0 2.7 3.8 3.5
AGE            
12-13 2.9 2.9 0.7 0.5 2.0 2.0
14-15 3.6 3.6 2.7 2.8 4.0 3.9
16-17 3.9 4.0 5.4 4.9 5.0 4.6
GENDER            
Male 5.6 5.5 4.1 3.8 4.5 4.5
Female 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.7 2.9 2.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 3.5 3.7 2.9 2.7 3.5 3.2
White 3.7 4.1 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9
Black or African American 2.8 3.2 2.2 2.4 5.7 4.3
American Indian or Alaska Native 5.9 6.6 5.6 4.2 3.3 2.1
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.5 2.4 2.4
Two or More Races 4.7 4.1 5.6 4.5 5.8 4.2
Hispanic or Latino 3.6 2.8 3.3 2.8 4.5 4.8
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 3.3 2.9 3.1 2.7 4.1 4.0
Small Metro 3.2 3.9 3.0 3.0 3.4 3.1
Nonmetro 4.6 4.8 2.6 2.5 3.1 2.8
130325
Table 3.13A – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 6,073 5,960 5,328 5,158 3,438 3,272 23,444 23,370 7,449 7,392
AGE                    
12-13 2,071 2,109 1,296 1,251 391 379 7,442 7,553 2,210 2,285
14-15 2,077 2,050 1,859 1,836 1,213 1,157 7,947 7,836 2,687 2,659
16-17 1,924 1,802 2,173 2,071 1,834 1,736 8,054 7,981 2,552 2,448
GENDER                    
Male 3,162 3,014 2,092 2,077 2,036 1,927 11,927 11,864 3,434 3,534
Female 2,911 2,946 3,235 3,081 1,402 1,345 11,517 11,506 4,015 3,857
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,523 4,406 4,275 4,116 2,598a 2,392 18,404a 18,270 6,169 6,205
White 2,638 2,630 3,349 3,296 1,765 1,638 13,187 13,018 4,653 4,622
Black or African American 1,368 1,237 489 414 568 541 3,255 3,248 925 975
American Indian or Alaska Native 46 50 21 11 18 14 123 136 26 36
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 236 227 228 214 109a 60 1,101 1,094 379 362
Two or More Races 215 240 182 166 121 114 675 689 162 180
Hispanic or Latino 1,550 1,554 1,053 1,042 840 879 5,039 5,100 1,281 1,187
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 3,113 3,246 2,881 2,809 2,002 1,992 12,440 12,746 3,731 3,688
Small Metro 2,089b 1,786 1,676 1,577 1,067a 923 7,385 6,980 2,470 2,352
Nonmetro 871 928 771 771 369 357 3,618 3,644 1,248 1,352
130325
Table 3.13B – Selected Risk and Protective Factors among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic RISK FACTORS1 PROTECTIVE FACTORS1
Youth Moved 2 or
More Times in the
Past 5 Years
Youth Argued with
at Least One Parent
10 or More Times
in the Past Year
Youth Was
Approached by
Someone Selling
Drugs in the
Past Month
Youth Had Someone
to Talk to about
Problems2
Youth Attended 25
or More Religious
Services in the Past
Year3
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
3 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 25.0 24.5 21.6 21.0 13.8 13.2 96.0 95.9 30.7 30.4
AGE                    
12-13 27.4 27.3 16.7 15.9 5.0 4.7 96.4 96.3 29.5 29.7
14-15 25.1 24.9 22.2 22.1 14.3 13.8 96.3 95.5 32.4 32.3
16-17 22.7 21.6 25.5 24.7 21.4 20.5 95.3 96.0 30.1 29.2
GENDER                    
Male 25.5 24.4 16.7 16.6 16.0 15.2 95.5 95.4 27.6 28.4
Female 24.4 24.7 26.8 25.6 11.5 11.0 96.5 96.5 33.9 32.5
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                    
Not Hispanic or Latino 23.7 23.2 22.2 21.5 13.3a 12.3 96.3 96.1 32.4 32.7
White 19.3 19.5 24.5 24.3 12.7 11.9 96.7 96.6 34.2 34.4
Black or African American 40.1 36.7 14.0 11.9 16.1 15.4 95.3 94.8 27.3 28.6
American Indian or Alaska Native 35.9 34.8 15.8a 7.7 13.2 9.5 93.4 94.2 20.6 25.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * * * *
Asian 20.1 19.4 19.1 18.2 9.1a 5.0 94.0 94.9 32.4 31.4
Two or More Races 31.1 33.4 25.8 23.2 16.9 15.6 95.7 95.9 23.2 25.4
Hispanic or Latino 29.7 29.2 19.7 19.3 15.6 16.1 95.0 95.5 24.5 22.2
COUNTY TYPE                    
Large Metro 24.0 24.5 21.9 20.9 15.1 14.7 95.7 95.9 28.9 27.8
Small Metro 27.4a 24.7 21.7 21.6 13.6 12.5 96.1 96.2 32.4 32.6
Nonmetro 23.5 24.4 20.6 20.0 9.7 9.1 96.7a 95.4 33.6 35.4
130325
Table 3.14A – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 17,871 18,087 16,098 16,313 7,992 8,129
AGE            
12-13 6,093 6,315 5,549 5,704 2,883 2,965
14-15 6,089 6,046 5,466 5,486 2,709 2,660
16-17 5,688 5,727 5,083 5,123 2,399 2,503
GENDER            
Male 8,756 8,881 7,851a 8,060 3,938 4,102
Female 9,115 9,206 8,247 8,253 4,053 4,027
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 13,852 13,912 12,632 12,654 6,345 6,415
White 9,581 9,561 8,671 8,661 4,330 4,448
Black or African American 2,789 2,826 2,607 2,607 1,406 1,319
American Indian or Alaska Native 94 117 86 109 54 65
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 841 825 791 779 359 342
Two or More Races 490 507 426 434 169 213
Hispanic or Latino 4,018a 4,175 3,467a 3,659 1,647 1,714
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 9,412 9,670 8,405 8,613 3,882 4,020
Small Metro 5,617 5,439 5,088 4,924 2,599 2,540
Nonmetro 2,842 2,979 2,605 2,775 1,510 1,568
130325
Table 3.14B – Youths Agreed or Strongly Agreed with Statements about Religious Beliefs among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STATEMENTS ABOUT RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
Religious Beliefs Are a Very
Important Part of Youth's Life
Religious Beliefs Influence Youth's
Decision Making in Life
It Is Important for Friends to
Share Religious Beliefs
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Agree" or "Strongly agree." Respondents with unknown Religious Beliefs data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 73.5 74.4 66.3 67.1 33.1 33.7
AGE            
12-13 80.7 81.5 73.6 73.9 38.6 38.9
14-15 73.5 73.4 66.1 66.6 32.9 32.5
16-17 67.1 68.6 59.9 61.3 28.4 30.1
GENDER            
Male 70.9 71.7 63.5 65.1 32.0 33.4
Female 76.3 77.1 69.1 69.1 34.2 33.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 72.6 73.3 66.1 66.7 33.4 34.0
White 70.4 71.1 63.6 64.4 31.9 33.2
Black or African American 82.0 82.7 76.8 76.3 41.7 39.1
American Indian or Alaska Native 71.6 81.2 66.9 75.7 42.4 45.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 71.5 71.2 67.3 67.4 30.4 30.1
Two or More Races 70.5 71.1 61.1 60.7 24.4 30.1
Hispanic or Latino 76.9 78.0 66.8 68.6 31.9 32.4
COUNTY TYPE            
Large Metro 72.8 72.9 65.1 65.0 30.2 30.6
Small Metro 73.4 75.1 66.4 68.1 34.2 35.4
Nonmetro 76.3 78.1 70.0 72.3 40.8 41.2
130325
Table 3.15A – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 21,954 21,942 10,026 10,157 21,327 21,233 21,315 21,251
AGE                
12-13 6,931 7,114 4,010 4,190 7,110 7,216 7,143 7,229
14-15 7,507 7,411 3,478 3,397 7,200 7,046 7,148 7,090
16-17 7,515 7,417 2,538 2,570 7,017 6,971 7,024 6,932
GENDER                
Male 11,198 11,215 5,117 5,139 11,085 11,142 11,030 11,063
Female 10,755 10,727 4,909 5,018 10,243 10,091 10,286 10,188
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 17,111 17,026 7,656 7,777 16,779 16,703 16,819 16,704
White 12,090 11,955 5,282 5,372 12,073 11,942 12,064 11,936
Black or African American 3,229 3,245 1,387 1,362 2,962 2,972 3,020 3,022
American Indian or Alaska Native 125 131 55 59 117 123 121 128
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 981 968 627 662 970 993 952 943
Two or More Races 629 642 277 273 597 597 601 595
Hispanic or Latino 4,843 4,916 2,370 2,380 4,549 4,530 4,497 4,547
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 11,732 11,952 5,610 5,839 11,345 11,584 11,350 11,628
Small Metro 6,881 6,531 3,023 2,860 6,697 6,305 6,666 6,285
Nonmetro 3,340 3,458 1,393 1,458 3,286 3,344 3,299 3,338
130325
Table 3.15B – Parents Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT
Parents Made Youth Do
Chores around the House
Parents Limited Amount
of Time Youth
Watched TV
Parents Let Youth
Know He or She Had
Done a Good Job
Parents Let Youth Know
They Were Proud of
Something He or She
Had Done
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Response categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Parental Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 88.4 88.5 40.5 41.0 85.9 85.6 85.8 85.8
AGE                
12-13 88.3 88.8 51.4 52.5 90.6 90.1 91.0 90.5
14-15 89.0 88.8 41.3 40.7 85.4 84.4 84.8 85.0
16-17 87.8 87.9 29.7 30.5 82.0 82.4 82.0 82.1
GENDER                
Male 88.3 88.7 40.5 40.7 87.5 88.0 87.0 87.6
Female 88.4 88.2 40.5 41.4 84.1 83.0 84.5 83.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 88.0 88.1 39.5 40.3 86.2 86.3 86.4 86.4
White 87.4 87.4 38.3 39.4 87.3 87.2 87.3 87.3
Black or African American 92.2 92.5 39.6 38.8 84.3 84.8 86.0 86.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 91.2 88.6 40.4 40.1 85.6 83.0 88.3 86.3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 81.9 82.9 52.5 56.3 81.3 84.3 79.8 79.8
Two or More Races 87.8 87.9 38.9 37.5 83.4 82.1 84.0 82.1
Hispanic or Latino 89.8 89.8 44.1 43.7 84.5 82.9 83.4 83.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 88.7 88.4 42.5 43.2 85.7 85.6 85.7 86.0
Small Metro 88.0 88.6 38.9 38.9 85.8 85.5 85.4 85.4
Nonmetro 88.0 88.5 36.8 37.5 86.7 85.7 87.0 85.6
130325
Table 3.16A – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4
Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 2,985 2,874 17,294 17,425 19,124 19,281 1,149 1,080
AGE                
12-13 772 729 5,402 5,478 6,015 6,202 256 248
14-15 1,038a 907 6,160 6,309 6,505 6,595 415 428
16-17 1,175 1,239 5,732 5,638 6,604 6,484 478 404
GENDER                
Male 1,695 1,645 8,675 8,733 9,690 9,867 728 660
Female 1,290 1,229 8,620 8,692 9,433 9,414 421 420
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 2,190 2,064 13,825 13,744 15,054 15,033 803 769
White 1,538 1,506 10,019 9,905 10,620 10,568 551 513
Black or African American 424 376 2,281 2,290 2,748 2,754 179 195
American Indian or Alaska Native 19 22 90 96 104 107 7 5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 110 81 886 894 997 979 26 20
Two or More Races 95 71 508 495 536 553 36 35
Hispanic or Latino 795 810 3,469 3,681 4,069 4,249 346 311
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 1,550 1,526 9,317 9,572 10,250 10,662 557 559
Small Metro 951 868 5,387 5,203 6,034 5,739 408 351
Nonmetro 483 479 2,590 2,650 2,839 2,880 184 169
130325
Table 3.16B – Measures of Student Characteristics in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS1
Participated in One or
Fewer Activities2
Drug or Alcohol Prevention
Messages Were Seen or
Heard in School3
Youth Liked a Lot or
Kind of Liked Going to
School4
Grade Average for Last
Completed Period Was "D"
or Lower5
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
3 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
4
Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school."
5 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 12.8 12.3 74.6 75.0 81.8 82.4 5.1 4.8
AGE                
12-13 10.9 10.1 77.1 76.7 84.7 85.5 3.9 3.7
14-15 13.0a 11.3 77.4 79.1 81.2 82.4 5.4 5.6
16-17 14.3 15.2 69.8 69.6 80.0 79.7 6.0 5.1
GENDER                
Male 14.3 13.8 73.3 73.5 81.2 82.4 6.4 5.8
Female 11.3 10.8 76.0 76.7 82.4 82.4 3.8 3.8
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 11.8 11.2 75.1 75.2 81.2 81.7 4.5 4.4
White 11.5 11.4 75.5 75.4 79.5 79.9 4.3 4.0
Black or African American 13.4 11.9 72.7 72.6 86.3 86.9 5.9 6.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 14.7 17.6 71.3 79.0 81.6 86.0 6.0 4.0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 9.7 7.3 79.0 81.4 87.8 88.6 2.4 1.9
Two or More Races 13.9 10.2 74.4 71.9 78.0 79.9 5.5 5.4
Hispanic or Latino 16.5 16.3 72.6 74.6 84.4 85.2 7.5 6.6
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 12.5 12.0 75.6 75.6 82.3 83.5 4.7 4.6
Small Metro 13.0 12.5 73.9 75.0 82.2 82.2 5.8 5.2
Nonmetro 13.5 13.1 72.9 73.2 79.4 79.0 5.3 4.9
130325
Table 3.17A – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 18,547 18,446 18,915 18,972 18,713 18,806 16,120 16,204
AGE                
12-13 6,030 6,068 6,395 6,522 6,362 6,541 5,200 5,195
14-15 6,256 6,152 6,621 6,557 6,493 6,456 5,605 5,673
16-17 6,261 6,225 5,900 5,894 5,858 5,809 5,315 5,336
GENDER                
Male 9,523 9,548 9,981 10,059 9,651 9,702 8,036 8,077
Female 9,025 8,898 8,934 8,914 9,062 9,104 8,085 8,127
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 14,643 14,394 14,959 14,992 15,090 15,098 12,700 12,728
White 10,341 10,105 10,742 10,696 11,072 11,003 9,021 9,056
Black or African American 2,713 2,674 2,662 2,680 2,524 2,579 2,324 2,273
American Indian or Alaska Native 103 90 104 106 104 102 71 89
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 923 921 855 880 807 814 747 807
Two or More Races 521 530 550 565 544 532 501 448
Hispanic or Latino 3,904 4,052 3,956 3,981 3,623 3,708 3,421 3,475
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 9,963 10,164 10,037 10,318 9,853 10,106 8,580 8,858
Small Metro 5,801 5,474 5,971 5,681 5,920 5,697 5,129 4,818
Nonmetro 2,783 2,808 2,907 2,974 2,941 3,003 2,411 2,528
130325
Table 3.17B – Adults Always or Sometimes Took Part in Specific School-Related Behaviors in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic ADULT INVOLVEMENT
Teacher Always or
Sometimes Let Youth
Know He or She Was
Doing a Good Job with
School Work
Parents Checked That
Youth Did Homework
Parents Provided Help
with Homework
Parents Limited Time
Youth Went Out with
Friends on a School
Night
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis. Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
NOTE: Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Always" or "Sometimes." Respondents with unknown Adult Involvement data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 79.5 79.0 81.1 81.3 80.4 80.6 69.9 70.3
AGE                
12-13 85.2 83.8 90.3 90.2 89.8 90.3 75.1 73.8
14-15 78.2 76.9 82.8 82.1 81.3 80.9 70.7 71.5
16-17 75.9 76.6 71.7 72.6 71.4 71.6 64.7 66.0
GENDER                
Male 80.0 79.9 84.0 84.3 81.4 81.3 68.3 68.7
Female 79.0 78.0 78.2 78.2 79.4 79.9 71.5 71.9
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 79.1 78.3 80.8 81.6 81.7 82.2 69.3 70.1
White 77.5 76.5 80.6 81.0 83.1 83.3 68.4 69.4
Black or African American 85.1 84.3 83.8 84.7 79.7 81.5 73.7 72.5
American Indian or Alaska Native 81.9 72.5 81.9 85.0 81.8 82.5 57.7a 72.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 82.0 83.5 75.5 79.8 72.5 74.0 67.0a 74.3
Two or More Races 75.9 77.0 80.3 81.8 79.2 77.2 74.3b 65.6
Hispanic or Latino 81.2 81.5 82.3 80.1 75.3 74.5 71.9 70.9
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 80.2 79.7 80.8 81.0 79.6 79.4 69.8 70.4
Small Metro 79.1 78.5 81.5 81.5 80.7 81.8 70.7 69.9
Nonmetro 77.9 77.1 81.3 81.7 82.3 82.5 68.4 70.4
130325
Table 3.18A – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 5,379b 4,913 6,155 6,351 8,990 8,709 3,405 3,204
AGE                
12-13 492 438 445a 358 646 563 154 126
14-15 1,859 1,737 2,025a 2,252 3,067 2,994 1,045 955
16-17 3,028b 2,738 3,685 3,742 5,277 5,151 2,206 2,123
GENDER                
Male 2,270b 1,995 2,813 2,894 3,913 3,783 1,428 1,288
Female 3,108 2,918 3,343 3,457 5,077 4,926 1,977 1,916
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 4,317b 3,810 4,738 4,765 7,070 6,737 2,670a 2,434
White 2,998b 2,671 3,119 3,128 5,058 4,889 1,844 1,708
Black or African American 902 817 1,133 1,201 1,296 1,253 561 515
American Indian or Alaska Native 38 24 38 30 50a 30 25a 11
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 188 120 182 135 359 276 147a 93
Two or More Races 175 154 236 238 275 256 81 88
Hispanic or Latino 1,061 1,103 1,418 1,586 1,920 1,972 735 769
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 2,805b 2,494 3,546 3,771 4,957 4,852 1,891 1,762
Small Metro 1,667 1,569 1,909 1,835 2,726 2,508 1,025 955
Nonmetro 907 851 700 745 1,307 1,349 489 486
130325
Table 3.18B – Youths Perceived That All or Most Students in Grade Level Use Specific Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year, by Demographic and Geographic Characteristics: Percentages, 2011 and 2012
Demographic/Geographic Characteristic SUBSTANCE USE OF STUDENTS IN GRADE LEVEL
Smoke Cigarettes Use Marijuana or
Hashish
Drink Alcoholic
Beverages
Get Drunk at Least Once
a Week
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or reported that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
NOTE: Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "All of them" or "Most of them." Respondents with unknown Substance Use in Grade Level data were excluded.
a Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2012 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2011 and 2012.
TOTAL 23.9b 21.8 27.7 28.5 40.1a 38.8 15.4a 14.5
AGE                
12-13 7.3 6.4 6.7a 5.3 9.7a 8.3 2.3 1.9
14-15 24.0 22.4 26.5b 29.4 39.7 38.8 13.8 12.5
16-17 37.6b 34.4 46.2 47.4 65.6 64.7 27.9 27.2
GENDER                
Male 19.7b 17.3 24.6 25.3 34.1 33.0 12.6a 11.4
Female 28.2a 26.5 30.9 31.7 46.3 44.8 18.3 17.7
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 24.1b 21.5 26.7 27.2 39.6a 38.2 15.1a 14.0
White 23.2b 20.9 24.4 24.8 39.3 38.5 14.5 13.6
Black or African American 29.4 26.6 37.4 39.7 42.4 41.2 18.6 17.2
American Indian or Alaska Native 32.5a 20.9 33.2 25.6 43.7b 25.2 22.7b 9.5
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 17.1a 11.2 16.8 12.8 32.9 26.2 13.4 9.0
Two or More Races 26.4 23.2 36.4 36.2 41.6 38.8 12.5 13.6
Hispanic or Latino 23.0 23.0 31.2 33.2 41.9 41.0 16.5 16.3
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 23.4b 20.3 29.9 31.0 41.4 39.6 16.1a 14.6
Small Metro 23.6 23.3 27.4 27.4 38.8 37.4 14.8 14.4
Nonmetro 26.2 24.1 20.5 21.4 38.1 38.4 14.4 14.0
130404
Table 3.19A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 1,349 1,039 772 1,016
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,005 746 852 780
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 198 65 157 182
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 2,166 1,729 1,463 1,609
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 289 106 200 265
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 2,077 1,690 1,420 1,528
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 1,241 988 949 1,045
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,098 786 647 732
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 1,806 1,440 1,294 1,423
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 535 337 305 354
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 1,629 1,316 1,206 1,259
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 696 453 389 511
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 1,965 1,578 1,417 1,556
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 362 192 180 217
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 1,025 786 824 839
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,263 955 747 915
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 1,499 1,178 1,126 1,210
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 782 557 445 539
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk1,072 774 656 744
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk1,291 1,021 960 1,050
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 674 489 427 391
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 1,689 1,306 1,185 1,403
130404
Table 3.19B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Perceptions of Risk1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
CIGARETTES        
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Great Risk 8.3 6.4 4.8 6.3
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.9 8.8 10.1 9.2
MARIJUANA        
Smoke Once a Month - Great Risk 3.1 1.0 2.4 2.8
Smoke Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 12.0 9.6 8.1 8.9
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 2.7 1.0 1.9 2.5
Smoke Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 15.1 12.2 10.3 11.1
COCAINE        
Use Once a Month - Great Risk 10.1 8.1 7.8 8.5
Use Once a Month - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 9.1 6.5 5.4 6.1
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 9.4 7.5 6.7 7.4
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 10.4 6.6 5.9 6.9
HEROIN        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 11.8 9.5 8.7 9.1
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 6.7 4.4 3.8 4.9
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 10.2 8.2 7.3 8.0
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 7.5 4.0 3.7 4.5
LSD        
Try Once or Twice - Great Risk 9.3 7.1 7.5 7.6
Try Once or Twice - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 10.2 7.7 6.1 7.4
Use Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 9.1 7.1 6.8 7.3
Use Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.4 8.1 6.5 7.8
ALCOHOL        
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Great Risk6.8 4.9 4.2 4.7
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day - Moderate/Slight/No Risk14.5 11.5 10.8 11.8
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Great Risk 6.9 5.0 4.4 4.0
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week - Moderate/Slight/No Risk 11.4 8.8 8.0 9.5
130404
Table 3.20A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 1,989 1,648 1,401 1,552
Cocaine 671 540 490 543
Crack 524 387 364 425
Heroin 354 271 251 296
LSD 511 411 370 432
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 360 141 219 233
Cocaine 1,619 1,205 1,093 1,211
Crack 1,768 1,358 1,221 1,325
Heroin 1,933 1,473 1,336 1,449
LSD 1,750 1,313 1,201 1,294
130404
Table 3.20B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Perceived Availability of Selected Illicit Drugs among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Perceived Availability1 Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use
of Alcohol3
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
FAIRLY OR VERY EASY TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 17.4 14.4 12.2 13.5
Cocaine 17.7 14.3 12.9 14.4
Crack 13.3 9.8 9.2 10.8
Heroin 15.3 11.7 10.8 12.8
LSD 19.3 15.5 14.0 16.3
FAIRLY OR VERY DIFFICULT, OR IMPOSSIBLE TO OBTAIN        
Marijuana 2.9 1.1 1.7 1.9
Cocaine 8.2 6.1 5.5 6.1
Crack 9.0 6.9 6.2 6.7
Heroin 9.1 7.0 6.3 6.8
LSD 8.6 6.4 5.9 6.4
130404
Table 3.21A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
   Per Day
1,877 450 1,392 376 1,063 537 1,424 356
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 1,409 910 940 819 1,020 574 1,176 597
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month
   or More
1,482 832 1,005 749 1,076 516 1,260 516
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,753 570 1,316 446 1,133 465 1,234 544
130404
Table 3.21B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Youth's Perceptions of Parents' Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly
Disapprove
Somewhat
Disapprove/
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF PARENTS'
FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes
   Per Day
8.2 26.7 6.1 22.3 4.6 31.9 6.2 21.1
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or Twice 6.4 34.4 4.3 31.0 4.6 21.7 5.4 22.6
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a Month
   or More
6.6 39.1 4.5 35.2 4.8 24.3 5.6 24.2
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
7.9 24.3 5.9 19.0 5.1 19.9 5.5 23.2
130404
Table 3.22A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
   Cigarettes Per Day
1,712 622 1,282 494 967 639 1,295 490
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
   Twice
813 1,511 460 1,308 633 968 769 1,015
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
   Month or More
841 1,488 479 1,293 634 970 779 1,004
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,437 879 1,034 727 873 722 1,053 725
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
   Cigarettes Per Day
1,793 535 1,329 443 1,000 604 1,379 401
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
   Twice
807 1,520 442 1,330 598 1,006 773 1,004
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
   Month or More
748 1,571 394 1,371 556 1,046 732 1,044
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
1,572 763 1,140 636 962 647 1,131 651
130404
Table 3.22B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Feelings about Substance Use Behaviors1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
Strongly/
Somewhat
Disapprove
Neither
Approve Nor
Disapprove
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
YOUTH'S PERCEPTIONS OF CLOSE
FRIENDS' FEELINGS ABOUT YOUTH…
               
Smoking One or More Packs of
   Cigarettes Per Day
7.8 22.8 5.9 18.1 4.4 23.4 5.9 18.0
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
   Twice
4.1 30.9 2.3 26.7 3.2 19.8 3.9 20.8
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
   Month or More
4.2 32.3 2.4 28.0 3.2 21.0 3.9 21.8
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
6.8 26.2 4.9 21.6 4.1 21.5 5.0 21.6
YOUTH'S FEELINGS ABOUT PEERS…                
Smoking One or More Packs of
   Cigarettes Per Day
8.0 25.1 5.9 20.8 4.4 28.4 6.1 18.9
Trying Marijuana or Hashish Once or
   Twice
4.1 31.7 2.2 27.8 3.0 21.0 3.9 21.0
Using Marijuana or Hashish Once a
   Month or More
3.8 32.5 2.0 28.3 2.8 21.6 3.7 21.6
Having One or Two Drinks of an Alcoholic
   Beverage Nearly Every Day
7.2 27.4 5.2 22.8 4.4 23.2 5.2 23.4
130404
Table 3.23A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "Nos" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
   Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
438 1,903 273 1,500 262 1,341 273 1,512
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 275 2,075 162 1,615 157 1,456 156 1,631
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
   Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
238 2,119 160 1,625 175 1,438 187 1,599
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
   Prevention Program Outside of School
281 2,073 199 1,583 213 1,397 231 1,555
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
   Drug or Alcohol Use
130 2,223 93 1,690 110 1,500 112 1,672
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
   Message from Sources Outside School
1,752 593 1,328 449 1,155 449 1,314 472
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
   Alcohol, or Drug Use
1,313 1,028 1,012 764 873 731 1,005 779
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 795 1,548 590 1,182 569 1,037 605 1,183
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 596 1,745 444 1,333 422 1,186 514 1,272
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
   Hurt Them
367 1,979 279 1,492 260 1,347 245 1,536
Carried a Handgun 220 2,131 163 1,614 168 1,448 163 1,626
Sold Illegal Drugs 474 1,877 434 1,342 346 1,264 307 1,477
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth More
   Than $50
383 1,968 318 1,457 247 1,358 218 1,561
130404
Table 3.23B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Youth's Exposure to Prevention Programs and Messages and Youth's Delinquency in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Prevention Programs/Messages and Delinquency1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
Had Exposure or
Behavior
Did Not Have
Exposure or
Behavior
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were asked how many times they participated in a delinquent behavior in the past year and were categorized as "Yes" if they indicated participating in a particular behavior at least one time and "Nos" if they did not.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
EXPOSURE TO PREVENTION PROGRAMS
AND MESSAGES IN PAST YEAR
               
Participated in Problem-Solving,
   Communication, or Self-Esteem Group
8.1 10.0 5.1 7.9 4.9 7.1 5.1 8.0
Participated in Violence Prevention Program 8.3 9.7 4.9 7.6 4.7 6.8 4.7 7.6
Participated in Pregnancy or Sexually
   Transmitted Disease Prevention Program
10.2 9.5 6.9 7.3 7.5 6.4 8.0 7.1
Participated in Alcohol, Tobacco, or Drug
   Prevention Program Outside of School
9.5 9.5 6.7 7.3 7.2 6.4 7.8 7.1
Participated in Program to Help Deal with
   Drug or Alcohol Use
12.8 9.4 9.2 7.1 10.8 6.3 11.0 7.1
Saw or Heard Alcohol or Drug Prevention
   Message from Sources Outside School
9.4 10.0 7.1 7.6 6.2 7.6 7.0 7.9
Talked to Parents about Dangers of Tobacco,
   Alcohol, or Drug Use
9.2 10.0 7.1 7.4 6.1 7.1 7.0 7.6
DELINQUENT BEHAVIOR IN PAST YEAR4                
Got into a Serious Fight at School or Work 17.5 7.6 13.0 5.8 12.6 5.1 13.3 5.8
Took Part in a Group-Against-Group Fight 20.4 8.0 15.2 6.1 14.4 5.4 17.5 5.8
Attacked Someone with the Intent to Seriously
   Hurt Them
26.4 8.4 20.1 6.4 18.8 5.7 17.6 6.6
Carried a Handgun 25.0 8.9 18.5 6.7 19.1 6.0 18.5 6.8
Sold Illegal Drugs 69.6 7.8 63.7 5.6 50.7 5.2 45.0 6.1
Stole or Tried to Steal Anything Worth
   More Than $50
43.8 8.2 36.4 6.1 28.3 5.7 24.9 6.5
130404
Table 3.24A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "Nos" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "Nos" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
   Years
790 1,539 594 1,178 521 1,076 460 1,305
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
   More Times in the Past Year
821 1,518 639 1,133 571 1,036 603 1,181
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
   Drugs in the Past Month
1,107 1,262 952 843 763 862 849 944
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
   Problems4
2,092 191 1,576 156 1,453 127 1,635 116
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
   in the Past Year5
423 1,895 283 1,478 307 1,290 328 1,451
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
   Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
   of His or Her Life
1,327 974 928 812 897 678 1,058 705
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
   Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
   in Life
1,080 1,233 740 1,013 735 846 867 899
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
   Important for Friends to Share Religious
   Beliefs
492 1,801 313 1,422 344 1,227 392 1,356
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
   Chores around the House
1,931 421 1,442 334 1,318 293 1,468 319
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
   of Time Youth Watched TV
530 1,825 352 1,429 356 1,255 401 1,383
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   He or She Had Done a Good Job
1,722 635 1,299 482 1,182 429 1,372 414
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
   Done
1,720 636 1,288 493 1,176 436 1,352 436
130404
Table 3.24B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs, and Past Year Parental Involvement among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2012
Risk and Protective Factors, Religious Beliefs,
and Parental Involvement1
SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Had Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
Did Not Have
Factor,
Belief, or
Involvement
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Respondents were able to select multiple categories of persons that they would talk to about a serious problem, including the choice of "nobody." Respondents who reported both a person that they would talk to and that they had nobody to talk to were excluded from the analysis.
5 Special occasions, such as weddings, funerals, or other special events, were not to have been considered in the number of times attended religious services.
6 Response categories for the questions on Religious Beliefs include "Strongly disagree," "Disagree," "Agree," and "Strongly agree." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Agree" or "Strongly agree" and "Nos" if they reported "Strongly disagree" or "Disagree."
7 Responses categories for the Parental Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "Nos" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS                
Youth Moved 2 or More Times in the Past 5
   Years
13.2 8.4 10.0 6.4 8.7 5.9 7.7 7.1
Youth Argued with at Least One Parent 10 or
   More Times in the Past Year
15.9 7.8 12.4 5.8 11.1 5.3 11.7 6.1
Youth Was Approached by Someone Selling
   Drugs in the Past Month
33.8 5.8 29.1 3.9 23.3 4.0 25.9 4.4
Youth Had Someone to Talk to about
   Problems4
9.0 19.3 6.7 15.8 6.2 12.8 7.0 11.7
Youth Attended 25 or More Religious Services
   in the Past Year5
5.7 11.2 3.8 8.7 4.1 7.6 4.4 8.6
YOUTH RELIGIOUS BELIEFS6                
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That
   Religious Beliefs Are a Very Important Part
   of His or Her Life
7.3 15.6 5.1 13.0 5.0 10.9 5.8 11.3
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That His or Her
   Religious Beliefs Influence Decision Making
   in Life
6.6 15.4 4.5 12.7 4.5 10.6 5.3 11.2
Youth Agreed or Strongly Agreed That It Is
   Important for Friends to Share Religious
   Beliefs
6.1 11.2 3.8 8.9 4.2 7.7 4.8 8.5
PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR7                
Parent Always or Sometimes Made Youth Do
   Chores around the House
8.8 14.7 6.6 11.7 6.0 10.2 6.7 11.2
Parent Always or Sometimes Limited Amount
   of Time Youth Watched TV
5.2 12.5 3.5 9.8 3.5 8.6 4.0 9.5
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   He or She Had Done a Good Job
8.1 17.8 6.1 13.5 5.6 12.0 6.5 11.6
Parents Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   They Were Proud of Something He or She Had
   Done
8.1 18.0 6.1 14.0 5.5 12.3 6.4 12.3
130404
Table 3.25A – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2012
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "Nos" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "Nos" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "Nos" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 480 1,778 420 1,312 385 1,165 283 1,431
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
   Seen or Heard in School6
1,543 715 1,170 563 1,004 541 1,214 502
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
   School7
1,522 745 1,129 609 942 612 1,199 524
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
   "D" or Lower8
272 1,935 228 1,469 211 1,306 150 1,535
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
1,572 689 1,199 532 1,052 499 1,219 499
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
   Youth Did Homework
1,425 837 1,052 683 939 613 1,090 629
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
   Homework
1,437 822 1,085 646 964 580 1,110 609
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
   Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
1,435 819 1,095 638 961 587 1,042 675
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
   Smoke Cigarettes
941 1,289 745 964 829 696 746 954
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
   Marijuana or Hashish
1,508 726 1,288 433 952 566 1,068 633
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
   Drink Alcoholic Beverages
1,512 719 1,249 464 1,074 451 1,355 345
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
   Drunk at Least Once a Week
732 1,474 599 1,095 526 980 657 1,033
130404
Table 3.25B – Past Month Use of Selected Substances, by Measures of Scholastic Environment among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Were Enrolled in School in the Past Year: Percentages, 2012
Scholastic Environment1 SUBSTANCE USE IN THE PAST MONTH
Used Illicit Drugs2 Used Marijuana Used Cigarettes Binge Use of Alcohol3
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
Had
Scholastic
Characteristic
Did Not Have
Scholastic
Characteristic
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Youths who did not report their school enrollment status or reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were excluded from this analysis.
1 Respondents with unknown data were excluded.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were considered to be enrolled in school.
5 The number of activities participated in is based on four questions: participation in school-based activities, community-based activities, church or faith-based activities, and other activities. For each question, the response categories include "None," "One," "Two," and "3 or more." Respondents were excluded from the analysis if they had unknown data for at least three of the questions and if their known responses did not place them in the recoded "Two or more" category.
6 Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Seen or Heard in School includes respondents who reported having a special class about drugs or alcohol in school or having had films, lectures, discussion, or printed information about drugs or alcohol in a regular school class, such as health or physical education, or outside of a regular school class, such as in a special assembly.
7 Response categories for the School Satisfaction question include "You liked going to school a lot," "You kind of liked going to school," "You didn't like going to school very much," and "You hated going to school." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "You liked going to school a lot" or "You kind of liked going to school" and were categorized as "Nos" if they reported "You didn't like going to school very much" or "You hated going to school."
8 Response categories for Grade Average include "An 'A+,' 'A,' or 'A-minus' average"; "A 'B+,' 'B,' or 'B-minus' average"; "A 'C+,' 'C,' or 'C-minus' average"; "A 'D' or less than a 'D' average"; and "My school does not give these grades." Respondents reporting that their school does not give these grades were excluded from the analysis.
9 Response categories for the Adult Involvement questions include "Always," "Sometimes," "Seldom," and "Never." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "Always" or "Sometimes" and "Nos" if they reported "Seldom" or "Never."
10 Response categories for the Substance Use in Grade Level questions include "All of them," "Most of them," "A few of them," and "None of them." Respondents were categorized as "Yes" if they reported "All of them" or "Most of them" and "Nos" if they reported "A few of them" or "None of them." Youths reporting that they were "home-schooled" in the past 12 months were not considered to be enrolled in school.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012.
STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS IN PAST YEAR4                
Participated in One or Fewer Activities5 16.7 8.7 14.6 6.4 13.4 5.7 9.8 7.0
Drug or Alcohol Prevention Messages Were
   Seen or Heard in School6
8.9 12.3 6.7 9.7 5.8 9.3 7.0 8.7
Youth Liked a Lot or Kind of Liked Going to
   School7
7.9 18.1 5.9 14.8 4.9 14.9 6.2 12.7
Grade Average for Last Completed Period Was
   "D" or Lower8
25.2 9.1 21.1 6.9 19.5 6.1 13.9 7.2
ADULT INVOLVEMENT IN PAST YEAR4,9                
Teacher Always or Sometimes Let Youth Know
   He or She Was Doing a Good Job with School Work
8.5 14.0 6.5 10.8 5.7 10.1 6.6 10.1
Parents Always or Sometimes Checked That
   Youth Did Homework
7.5 19.2 5.5 15.6 4.9 14.0 5.7 14.4
Parents Always or Sometimes Provided Help with
   Homework
7.6 18.1 5.8 14.3 5.1 12.8 5.9 13.4
Parents Always or Sometimes Limited Time
   Youth Went Out with Friends on a School Night
8.9 11.9 6.8 9.3 5.9 8.6 6.4 9.8
SUBSTANCE USE IN GRADE LEVEL10                
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
   Smoke Cigarettes
19.2 7.3 15.2 5.5 16.9 3.9 15.2 5.4
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Use
   Marijuana or Hashish
23.7 4.5 20.3 2.7 15.0 3.5 16.8 4.0
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade
   Drink Alcoholic Beverages
17.4 5.2 14.3 3.4 12.3 3.3 15.6 2.5
All or Most of Students in Youth's Grade Get
   Drunk at Least Once a Week
22.8 7.8 18.7 5.8 16.4 5.2 20.5 5.4

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