Go to the Table of Contents
120406
Table 7.1A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 108,255b 110,205b 110,057b 112,085b 111,747b 114,509b 117,815a 119,259 119,933 121,078
Marijuana and Hashish 94,946b 96,611b 96,772b 97,545b 97,792b 100,737b 102,857b 104,950a 106,613 107,842
Cocaine 33,910b 34,891a 34,153b 33,673b 35,303 35,947 36,916 36,742 37,361 36,921
Crack 8,402 7,949 7,840 7,928 8,559 8,615 8,454 8,390 9,208a 8,214
Heroin 3,668 3,744 3,145b 3,534 3,788 3,806 3,795 3,680 4,144 4,162
Hallucinogens 34,314a 34,363a 34,333a 33,728b 35,290 34,278a 36,064 37,404 37,544 36,362
LSD 24,516a 24,424a 23,398 22,433 23,365 22,720 23,604 23,714 23,375 23,000
PCP 7,418b 7,107a 6,762 6,603 6,633 6,179 6,657 6,271 6,255 6,103
Ecstasy 10,150b 10,904b 11,130b 11,495b 12,282b 12,418b 12,964b 14,280 15,929a 14,570
Inhalants 22,870b 22,995b 22,798b 22,745b 22,856b 22,558b 22,430b 22,552b 21,778 20,523
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 47,958b 49,001a 49,157a 49,571 50,983 50,541 52,154 51,991 51,832 51,243
Pain Relievers 29,611b 31,207b 31,768b 32,692 33,478 33,132 34,992 35,197 34,908 34,247
OxyContin® 1,924b 2,832b 3,072b 3,481b 4,116b 4,379b 4,857b 5,863 6,160 5,917
Tranquilizers 19,267b 20,220a 19,852b 21,041 21,318 20,253a 21,551 21,848 22,187 21,655
Stimulants3 23,496b 23,004b 22,297b 20,983 22,495b 21,669 21,285 22,033a 21,739 20,379
Methamphetamine3 15,365b 15,139b 14,512b 12,663 14,226b 13,081a 12,634 12,908 13,060 11,928
Sedatives 9,960b 9,510b 9,891b 8,982b 8,842b 8,401 8,920b 8,633a 7,653 7,515
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 70,300b 71,128b 70,657b 71,822b 72,934a 73,654 75,907 76,080 76,472 75,447
120406
Table 7.1B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 46.0 46.4 45.8a 46.1 45.4b 46.2 47.2 47.4 47.3 47.0
Marijuana and Hashish 40.4b 40.6a 40.2b 40.1b 39.7b 40.6a 41.2 41.7 42.0 41.9
Cocaine 14.4 14.7 14.2 13.8 14.3 14.5 14.8 14.6 14.7 14.3
Crack 3.6a 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.6a 3.2
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.3b 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Hallucinogens 14.6 14.5 14.3 13.9 14.3 13.8 14.4 14.9a 14.8a 14.1
LSD 10.4b 10.3b 9.7b 9.2 9.5 9.2 9.4 9.4 9.2 8.9
PCP 3.2b 3.0b 2.8a 2.7a 2.7a 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.4
Ecstasy 4.3b 4.6b 4.6b 4.7b 5.0b 5.0b 5.2a 5.7 6.3b 5.7
Inhalants 9.7b 9.7b 9.5b 9.4b 9.3b 9.1b 9.0b 9.0b 8.6a 8.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 20.4 20.6 20.4 20.4 20.7a 20.4 20.9a 20.6 20.4 19.9
Pain Relievers 12.6a 13.1 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.4 14.0a 14.0a 13.8 13.3
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.4b 1.7b 1.8b 1.9b 2.3 2.4 2.3
Tranquilizers 8.2 8.5 8.3 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.6 8.7 8.7 8.4
Stimulants3 10.0b 9.7b 9.3b 8.6b 9.1b 8.7b 8.5a 8.7b 8.6a 7.9
Methamphetamine3 6.5b 6.4b 6.0b 5.2b 5.8b 5.3b 5.1 5.1a 5.1a 4.6
Sedatives 4.2b 4.0b 4.1b 3.7b 3.6b 3.4a 3.6b 3.4b 3.0 2.9
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.9 29.9 29.4 29.5 29.6 29.7 30.4a 30.2 30.2 29.3
120406
Table 7.2A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35,132b 34,993b 34,807b 35,041b 35,810b 35,789b 35,643b 38,123 38,908 38,287
Marijuana and Hashish 25,755b 25,231b 25,451b 25,375b 25,432b 25,136b 25,891b 28,688 29,301 29,739
Cocaine 5,902b 5,908b 5,658b 5,523b 6,075b 5,748b 5,283b 4,806b 4,533a 3,857
Crack 1,554b 1,406b 1,304b 1,381b 1,478b 1,452b 1,113b 1,008b 885a 625
Heroin 404a 314b 398a 379b 560 373b 455 582 621 620
Hallucinogens 4,749b 3,936 3,878 3,809 3,970 3,759 3,670a 4,536a 4,543a 4,069
LSD 999 558b 592b 563b 667b 621b 808 790 881 880
PCP 235b 219b 210b 164 187 139 99 125 96 119
Ecstasy 3,167b 2,119a 1,915b 1,960b 2,138 2,122 2,116a 2,804a 2,653 2,422
Inhalants 2,084 2,075 2,255b 2,187a 2,219a 2,085 2,065 2,109 2,048 1,861
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14,795 15,163 14,849 15,346 16,482b 16,334b 15,190 16,064b 16,051a 14,657
Pain Relievers 10,992 11,671 11,256 11,815 12,650b 12,517b 11,916 12,450b 12,242a 11,143
OxyContin® -- -- 1,213b 1,226b 1,324a 1,427 1,462 1,685 1,879 1,623
Tranquilizers 4,849 5,051 5,068 5,249 5,066 5,293 5,099 5,493 5,583 5,109
Stimulants3 3,380b 3,031 3,254a 3,088 3,789b 2,994 2,648 3,093 2,902 2,700
Methamphetamine3 1,755b 1,602b 1,808b 1,603b 1,885b 1,345 854 1,167 959 1,033
Sedatives 981b 831b 737a 750a 927b 864b 626 816b 906b 526
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20,423a 20,305a 19,658 20,109a 21,262b 21,205b 20,018 21,077b 20,625b 18,959
120406
Table 7.2B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.4 14.6 14.4 14.3 15.1 15.3 14.9
Marijuana and Hashish 11.0a 10.6b 10.6b 10.4b 10.3b 10.1b 10.4b 11.4 11.6 11.5
Cocaine 2.5b 2.5b 2.4b 2.3b 2.5b 2.3b 2.1b 1.9b 1.8b 1.5
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.6b 0.6b 0.4b 0.4b 0.3a 0.2
Heroin 0.2 0.1b 0.2a 0.2a 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 2.0b 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.8b 1.8a 1.6
LSD 0.4a 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3a 0.3b 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.3b 0.9 0.8a 0.8a 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.1b 1.0 0.9
Inhalants 0.9b 0.9b 0.9b 0.9b 0.9b 0.8a 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6.3b 6.4b 6.2a 6.3b 6.7b 6.6b 6.1 6.4b 6.3b 5.7
Pain Relievers 4.7a 4.9b 4.7a 4.9b 5.1b 5.1b 4.8b 4.9b 4.8b 4.3
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5a 0.5a 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.0
Stimulants3 1.4b 1.3b 1.4b 1.3b 1.5b 1.2 1.1 1.2a 1.1 1.0
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.5a 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.4b 0.3b 0.3 0.3b 0.4b 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.7b 8.5b 8.2b 8.3b 8.6b 8.6b 8.0b 8.4b 8.1b 7.4
120406
Table 7.3A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 19,522b 19,470b 19,071b 19,720b 20,387b 19,892b 20,123b 21,930 22,648 22,454
Marijuana and Hashish 14,584b 14,638b 14,576b 14,626b 14,849b 14,470b 15,269b 16,826a 17,409 18,071
Cocaine 2,020b 2,281b 2,021b 2,397b 2,426b 2,077b 1,865b 1,642 1,472 1,369
Crack 567b 604b 467b 682b 704b 611b 363 497b 378a 228
Heroin 166 119b 166 136b 339 161 213 193 239 281
Hallucinogens 1,196a 1,042 929 1,088 1,008 998 1,059 1,263b 1,207a 972
LSD 112 133 141 104 130 144 157 159 155 152
PCP 58 56 49 48 31 43 25 54 36 26
Ecstasy 676 470 450 502 529 503 546 763b 691 544
Inhalants 635 570 638 611 762 617 644 562 690 624
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 6,287 6,451 6,110 6,491 7,098b 6,907a 6,210 6,980a 6,957a 6,119
Pain Relievers 4,377 4,693 4,404 4,658 5,226a 5,188a 4,732 5,282b 5,093a 4,471
OxyContin® -- -- 325 334 275a 371 436 510 566 434
Tranquilizers 1,804 1,830 1,616 1,817 1,761 1,838 1,796 2,030 2,159 1,840
Stimulants3 1,303a 1,310a 1,312a 1,188 1,385b 1,051 908 1,299a 1,082 970
Methamphetamine3 683a 726b 706a 628a 731b 530 314 502 353 439
Sedatives 436a 294 265 272 385 345 237 367 375 231
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8,777a 8,849a 8,247 8,963a 9,620b 9,295b 8,556 9,195b 9,016a 8,020
120406
Table 7.3B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 8.3 8.2a 7.9b 8.1a 8.3 8.0b 8.1b 8.7 8.9 8.7
Marijuana and Hashish 6.2b 6.2b 6.1b 6.0b 6.0b 5.8b 6.1b 6.7 6.9 7.0
Cocaine 0.9b 1.0b 0.8b 1.0b 1.0b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7 0.6 0.5
Crack 0.2b 0.3b 0.2b 0.3b 0.3b 0.2b 0.1a 0.2b 0.1a 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5b 0.5a 0.4
LSD 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3b 0.3a 0.2
Inhalants 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.7a 2.7a 2.5 2.7a 2.9b 2.8b 2.5 2.8b 2.7b 2.4
Pain Relievers 1.9 2.0a 1.8 1.9 2.1b 2.1b 1.9 2.1b 2.0a 1.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.7
Stimulants3 0.6b 0.6b 0.5b 0.5a 0.6b 0.4 0.4 0.5b 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3a 0.3b 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.7b 3.7b 3.4a 3.7b 3.9b 3.8b 3.4a 3.7b 3.6b 3.1
120406
Table 7.4A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7,642b 7,631b 7,566b 7,022b 7,014b 6,638 6,565 6,629 6,278 6,373
Marijuana and Hashish 5,104b 4,888b 4,788b 4,402 4,400 4,096a 4,138a 4,204 4,157 4,378
Cocaine 670b 648b 611b 582b 571b 544b 473b 405 363 337
Crack 163b 157b 125b 108 129b 107 80 58 60 68
Heroin 94 80 78 60 60 55 67 56 46 70
Hallucinogens 1,419b 1,250b 1,160b 998 990 898 972 1,015 1,000 930
LSD 670b 397b 313b 288a 219 202 271 249 231 229
PCP 233b 204b 175b 182b 128b 105 102 99 76 76
Ecstasy 820b 603 523 399b 476b 446b 524 572 618 605
Inhalants 2,605b 2,670b 2,762b 2,658b 2,559b 2,428b 2,326b 2,283b 2,015 1,877
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,402b 3,372b 3,403b 3,019b 3,175b 2,954b 2,783b 2,810b 2,591 2,522
Pain Relievers 2,775b 2,798b 2,879b 2,517b 2,650b 2,457b 2,353a 2,393b 2,245 2,150
OxyContin® 224b 254b 305 276b 343 360 344 381 369 369
Tranquilizers 834a 874b 816a 766 742 748 721 696 723 699
Stimulants3 1,112b 1,046b 906b 870b 930b 730b 673b 583 531 508
Methamphetamine3 416b 382b 346b 319b 341b 221 195 187 157 184
Sedatives 238b 249b 251b 232b 224b 213b 205a 224b 178 144
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5,286b 5,319b 5,355b 4,944b 4,951b 4,649b 4,513b 4,501b 4,166 4,007
120406
Table 7.4B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 30.9b 30.5b 30.0b 27.7b 27.6b 26.3 26.4 26.9a 25.8 25.5
Marijuana and Hashish 20.6b 19.6b 19.0b 17.4 17.3 16.2a 16.6 17.1 17.1 17.5
Cocaine 2.7b 2.6b 2.4b 2.3b 2.2b 2.2b 1.9b 1.6 1.5 1.3
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5b 0.4 0.5b 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Heroin 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.7b 5.0b 4.6b 3.9 3.9 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.1 3.7
LSD 2.7b 1.6b 1.2b 1.1 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9
PCP 0.9b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Ecstasy 3.3b 2.4 2.1 1.6b 1.9b 1.8b 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.4
Inhalants 10.5b 10.7b 11.0b 10.5b 10.1b 9.6b 9.3b 9.3b 8.3a 7.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.7b 13.5b 13.5b 11.9b 12.5b 11.7b 11.2b 11.4b 10.6 10.1
Pain Relievers 11.2b 11.2b 11.4b 9.9b 10.4b 9.7b 9.5a 9.7b 9.2 8.6
OxyContin® 0.9b 1.0b 1.2 1.1b 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5
Tranquilizers 3.4b 3.5b 3.2a 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.0 2.8
Stimulants3 4.5b 4.2b 3.6b 3.4b 3.7b 2.9b 2.7b 2.4 2.2 2.0
Methamphetamine3 1.7b 1.5b 1.4b 1.3b 1.3b 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7
Sedatives 1.0b 1.0b 1.0b 0.9b 0.9b 0.8b 0.8a 0.9b 0.7 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.4b 21.3b 21.2b 19.5b 19.5b 18.4b 18.1b 18.3b 17.1a 16.0
120406
Table 7.5A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5,494b 5,455b 5,300b 5,041a 4,978 4,737 4,751 4,838 4,745 4,735
Marijuana and Hashish 3,905b 3,745 3,656 3,383 3,355 3,158b 3,258b 3,363 3,414 3,553
Cocaine 508b 438b 411b 423b 411b 385b 306a 242 239 229
Crack 100b 95b 63b 54a 74b 65b 34 29 18 29
Heroin 51 36 48 37 37 24a 41 34 28 54
Hallucinogens 945b 778a 753a 665 653 629 689 737 747 648
LSD 314b 149 157 150 106a 126 185 143 136 159
PCP 110b 89b 72a 85b 59 56 61 48 35 39
Ecstasy 547b 329a 310b 256b 308b 328a 346 416 465 419
Inhalants 1,078b 1,119b 1,168b 1,144b 1,109b 995b 986b 960a 885 820
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,285b 2,295b 2,228b 2,101b 2,184b 2,037b 1,919a 1,895 1,812 1,749
Pain Relievers 1,870b 1,917b 1,865b 1,741b 1,821b 1,684b 1,613 1,628a 1,522 1,484
OxyContin® -- -- 194 187 200 232 226 225 235 219
Tranquilizers 568a 586a 532 497 484 505 483 462 466 475
Stimulants3 665b 578b 507b 506b 548b 415b 373a 334 325 299
Methamphetamine3 245b 185b 177b 178b 185b 116 94 87 98 106
Sedatives 138b 131a 133a 118 110 111 113 126a 111 84
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3,338b 3,351b 3,269b 3,129b 3,147b 2,921b 2,860b 2,849b 2,758 2,565
120406
Table 7.5B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.2b 21.8b 21.0b 19.9 19.6 18.8 19.1 19.7 19.5 19.0
Marijuana and Hashish 15.8b 15.0 14.5 13.3a 13.2a 12.5b 13.1b 13.7 14.0 14.2
Cocaine 2.1b 1.8b 1.6b 1.7b 1.6b 1.5b 1.2a 1.0 1.0 0.9
Crack 0.4b 0.4b 0.3b 0.2a 0.3b 0.3b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 3.8b 3.1a 3.0a 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.8 3.0 3.1a 2.6
LSD 1.3b 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4a 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
PCP 0.4b 0.4b 0.3a 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Ecstasy 2.2b 1.3a 1.2b 1.0b 1.2b 1.3a 1.4 1.7 1.9 1.7
Inhalants 4.4b 4.5b 4.6b 4.5b 4.4b 3.9b 4.0b 3.9b 3.6 3.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.2b 9.2b 8.8b 8.3b 8.6b 8.1b 7.7a 7.7a 7.4 7.0
Pain Relievers 7.6b 7.7b 7.4b 6.9b 7.2b 6.7a 6.5 6.6a 6.3 5.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Tranquilizers 2.3a 2.3a 2.1 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9
Stimulants3 2.7b 2.3b 2.0b 2.0b 2.2b 1.6b 1.5a 1.4 1.3 1.2
Methamphetamine3 1.0b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sedatives 0.6b 0.5a 0.5a 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5a 0.5 0.3
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.5b 13.4b 13.0b 12.3b 12.4b 11.6b 11.5b 11.6b 11.3a 10.3
120406
Table 7.6A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,878b 2,811b 2,674 2,511 2,488 2,415 2,312a 2,484 2,468 2,522
Marijuana and Hashish 2,023 1,971 1,909 1,730b 1,695b 1,693b 1,668b 1,813 1,802 1,967
Cocaine 146b 153b 126b 142b 110a 104a 98 70 60 67
Crack 26b 32b 16a 25b 12a 16a 7 8 4 3
Heroin 11 18 15 15 16 3 14 13 8 15
Hallucinogens 255 260 211 205 182 174 245 217 215 215
LSD 61 51 38 32 31 30 52 35 46 34
PCP 23b 20b 11 17a 12 9 15a 12 6 4
Ecstasy 124 91 77 74 83 65a 105 115 123 108
Inhalants 301b 320b 312b 313b 340b 294a 270 244 262 223
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 986b 997b 914b 838b 846b 830b 711 774 721 688
Pain Relievers 794b 801b 751b 686b 692b 671a 566 658a 607 563
OxyContin® -- -- 66 34 29a 47 49 70 47 51
Tranquilizers 188 226a 161 161 125 181 151 144 134 162
Stimulants3 208b 222b 180b 172b 171b 126 112 127 107 98
Methamphetamine3 71a 70a 58 72a 53 34 29 36 25 37
Sedatives 47a 47a 26 27 45a 34 35 40 35 24
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,421b 1,417b 1,328b 1,253b 1,252b 1,182a 1,092 1,122 1,092 1,026
120406
Table 7.6B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11.6b 11.2b 10.6 9.9 9.8 9.6 9.3a 10.1 10.1 10.1
Marijuana and Hashish 8.2 7.9 7.6 6.8b 6.7b 6.7b 6.7b 7.4 7.4 7.9
Cocaine 0.6b 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.4a 0.4a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3
Crack 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.0a 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
LSD 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.1b 0.1b 0.0 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3a 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4
Inhalants 1.2b 1.3b 1.2b 1.2b 1.3b 1.2a 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.0b 4.0b 3.6b 3.3b 3.3b 3.3a 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.8
Pain Relievers 3.2b 3.2b 3.0b 2.7a 2.7a 2.7a 2.3 2.7a 2.5 2.3
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.9a 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.2a 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.7b 5.7b 5.3b 4.9b 4.9b 4.7a 4.4 4.6 4.5 4.1
120406
Table 7.7A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,562b 19,195 19,043a 19,222 19,328 18,831b 18,772b 19,658 19,538 19,534
Marijuana and Hashish 16,680b 17,103b 16,983b 17,032b 17,180a 16,652b 16,718b 17,677 17,529 17,796
Cocaine 4,786b 4,755b 4,893b 4,905b 5,139b 4,925b 4,772b 4,997b 4,568a 4,253
Crack 1,182b 1,193b 1,135b 1,145b 1,176b 985b 916b 965b 886b 714
Heroin 487 516 529 496 514 498 467a 587 614 594
Hallucinogens 7,517b 7,377b 6,855b 6,820b 6,625b 6,291 5,876 6,418a 6,295 6,029
LSD 4,928b 4,450b 3,900b 3,417b 2,933b 2,381b 2,167 2,326a 2,194 2,054
PCP 834b 948b 737b 716b 641b 540b 523b 480b 447a 351
Ecstasy 4,674b 4,683b 4,439 4,464 4,392 4,186 4,008 4,194 4,230 4,222
Inhalants 4,867b 4,729b 4,516b 4,333b 4,097b 3,703b 3,445a 3,620b 3,396a 3,106
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,778b 9,360 9,564 9,990b 10,067b 9,807a 9,694 9,896a 9,832a 9,373
Pain Relievers 6,854b 7,513 7,813 8,279b 8,353b 8,143b 8,096b 8,221b 8,143b 7,600
OxyContin® 820b 1,145b 1,376b 1,616b 1,684b 1,716b 1,765b 2,110 2,149 2,079
Tranquilizers 3,473b 3,898a 3,919a 4,356 4,286 4,155 4,069 4,323 4,503 4,232
Stimulants3 3,796b 3,873b 3,892b 4,008b 3,926b 3,569b 3,485a 3,587b 3,534b 3,172
Methamphetamine3 2,301b 2,192b 2,247b 2,190b 2,103b 1,847b 1,548b 1,518b 1,361b 1,150
Sedatives 648b 565 627b 650b 612a 583a 511 528 469 472
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 12,436b 12,770b 12,630b 12,800b 12,959b 12,573b 12,146 12,592b 12,410b 11,860
120406
Table 7.7B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 59.8b 60.5b 59.2b 59.2b 59.0b 57.5 57.0 58.5a 57.3 56.9
Marijuana and Hashish 53.8b 53.9b 52.8 52.4 52.5 50.9 50.8 52.6 51.4 51.9
Cocaine 15.4b 15.0b 15.2b 15.1b 15.7b 15.0b 14.5b 14.9b 13.4a 12.4
Crack 3.8b 3.8b 3.5b 3.5b 3.6b 3.0b 2.8b 2.9b 2.6b 2.1
Heroin 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.7
Hallucinogens 24.2b 23.3b 21.3b 21.0b 20.2b 19.2b 17.8 19.1b 18.5 17.6
LSD 15.9b 14.0b 12.1b 10.5b 9.0b 7.3b 6.6 6.9b 6.4 6.0
PCP 2.7b 3.0b 2.3b 2.2b 2.0b 1.6b 1.6b 1.4b 1.3a 1.0
Ecstasy 15.1b 14.8b 13.8b 13.7b 13.4a 12.8 12.2 12.5 12.4 12.3
Inhalants 15.7b 14.9b 14.0b 13.3b 12.5b 11.3b 10.5b 10.8b 10.0a 9.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 28.3 29.5b 29.7b 30.8b 30.7b 30.0b 29.4b 29.5b 28.9b 27.3
Pain Relievers 22.1 23.7b 24.3b 25.5b 25.5b 24.9b 24.6b 24.5b 23.9b 22.2
OxyContin® 2.6b 3.6b 4.3b 5.0b 5.1b 5.2b 5.4a 6.3 6.3 6.1
Tranquilizers 11.2b 12.3 12.2 13.4a 13.1 12.7 12.4 12.9 13.2a 12.3
Stimulants3 12.2b 12.2b 12.1b 12.3b 12.0b 10.9b 10.6b 10.7b 10.4b 9.2
Methamphetamine3 7.4b 6.9b 7.0b 6.7b 6.4b 5.6b 4.7b 4.5b 4.0b 3.4
Sedatives 2.1b 1.8a 1.9b 2.0b 1.9b 1.8b 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 40.1b 40.2b 39.2b 39.4b 39.6b 38.4b 36.9b 37.5b 36.4b 34.6
120406
Table 7.8A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 11,000b 10,976b 10,913b 11,117b 11,267b 10,889b 11,090b 12,186 11,990 12,067
Marijuana and Hashish 9,238b 9,044b 8,963b 9,111b 9,188b 9,008b 9,154b 10,343 10,215 10,554
Cocaine 2,087b 2,098b 2,134b 2,247b 2,263b 2,087b 1,844b 1,790a 1,593 1,563
Crack 266b 275b 263b 328b 293b 249b 217b 172a 180b 107
Heroin 122b 96b 118b 159a 147b 142b 149b 183 211 230
Hallucinogens 2,610a 2,112 1,944b 2,051a 2,151 2,042a 2,101a 2,430 2,439 2,323
LSD 553 336b 317b 322b 380b 375b 507 523 549 586
PCP 95 117a 100 57 76 57 30 35 37 63
Ecstasy 1,784b 1,164b 999b 998b 1,235a 1,146b 1,270 1,456 1,500 1,413
Inhalants 685b 662b 674b 685b 578 528 538 635a 597 500
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4,452 4,637 4,807b 4,915b 5,130b 4,920b 4,891b 5,061b 4,876b 4,366
Pain Relievers 3,540 3,803b 3,834b 4,030b 4,077b 3,981b 3,956b 4,027b 3,779b 3,353
OxyContin® -- -- 562 559 577 568 602 773a 752a 628
Tranquilizers 1,509 1,682 1,658 1,796b 1,793a 1,702 1,762a 1,802b 1,803b 1,555
Stimulants3 1,233a 1,197 1,280a 1,242a 1,376b 1,132 1,123 1,238a 1,242a 1,065
Methamphetamine3 619b 594b 619b 576b 553b 406b 270 303a 268 225
Sedatives 162 156 163 191a 185a 171 178 160 166 128
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6,277 6,266 6,201 6,467b 6,638b 6,374a 6,253 6,701b 6,395a 5,972
120406
Table 7.8B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 35.5 34.6 33.9 34.2 34.4 33.3b 33.7a 36.3 35.2 35.2
Marijuana and Hashish 29.8 28.5b 27.8b 28.0b 28.1b 27.5b 27.8b 30.8 30.0 30.8
Cocaine 6.7b 6.6b 6.6b 6.9b 6.9b 6.4b 5.6b 5.3b 4.7 4.6
Crack 0.9b 0.9b 0.8b 1.0b 0.9b 0.8b 0.7b 0.5b 0.5b 0.3
Heroin 0.4b 0.3b 0.4b 0.5 0.4a 0.4a 0.5a 0.5 0.6 0.7
Hallucinogens 8.4b 6.7 6.0a 6.3 6.6 6.2 6.4 7.2 7.2 6.8
LSD 1.8 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 1.2b 1.1b 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
PCP 0.3 0.4a 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Ecstasy 5.8b 3.7 3.1b 3.1b 3.8 3.5a 3.9 4.3 4.4 4.1
Inhalants 2.2b 2.1b 2.1b 2.1b 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.9a 1.8 1.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.4b 14.6b 14.9b 15.1b 15.7b 15.0b 14.9b 15.1b 14.3b 12.7
Pain Relievers 11.4b 12.0b 11.9b 12.4b 12.5b 12.2b 12.0b 12.0b 11.1b 9.8
OxyContin® -- -- 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.3b 2.2a 1.8
Tranquilizers 4.9 5.3b 5.2a 5.5b 5.5b 5.2a 5.4b 5.4b 5.3b 4.5
Stimulants3 4.0b 3.8b 4.0b 3.8b 4.2b 3.5 3.4 3.7a 3.6a 3.1
Methamphetamine3 2.0b 1.9b 1.9b 1.8b 1.7b 1.2b 0.8 0.9a 0.8 0.7
Sedatives 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6b 0.6a 0.5 0.5a 0.5 0.5 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 20.2b 19.7b 19.3b 19.9b 20.3b 19.5b 19.0b 20.0b 18.8a 17.4
120406
Table 7.9A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 6,264b 6,435b 6,239b 6,543b 6,498b 6,475b 6,490b 7,176 7,345 7,352
Marijuana and Hashish 5,376b 5,400b 5,196b 5,388b 5,337b 5,392b 5,459b 6,128a 6,313 6,526
Cocaine 631b 696b 692b 832b 730b 572 515 466 503 464
Crack 52b 55a 80b 104b 72b 56b 54b 40 72b 20
Heroin 39b 25b 43b 59a 55a 49a 76 67 90 107
Hallucinogens 589 545 477 503 564 475 545 620 672 557
LSD 36b 67 83 60 58 69 98 97 105 92
PCP 15 30 17 11 14 15 4 5 6 12
Ecstasy 355 230a 231a 267 326 230a 295 378 402 315
Inhalants 150 134 144 146 130 131 104 148 135 144
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,698 1,922a 1,978b 2,046b 2,122b 1,947a 1,936a 2,133b 1,997b 1,711
Pain Relievers 1,262 1,486b 1,504b 1,535b 1,627b 1,518b 1,489b 1,610b 1,510b 1,220
OxyContin® -- -- 142 146 140 157 130 179 239a 158
Tranquilizers 487 525 566 606 651 573 570 622 570 546
Stimulants3 409 412 479b 468a 457a 350 351 424 414 344
Methamphetamine3 183b 197b 220b 225b 183b 116 74 84 83 79
Sedatives 49 58 49 74 54 71 67 84a 59 42
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,459 2,665a 2,619 2,850b 2,912b 2,642a 2,579 2,811b 2,709b 2,385
120406
Table 7.9B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 20.2a 20.3a 19.4b 20.1a 19.8b 19.8b 19.7b 21.4 21.6 21.4
Marijuana and Hashish 17.3b 17.0b 16.1b 16.6b 16.3b 16.5b 16.6b 18.2 18.5 19.0
Cocaine 2.0b 2.2b 2.1b 2.6b 2.2b 1.7a 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.4
Crack 0.2b 0.2a 0.3b 0.3b 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.1 0.2b 0.1
Heroin 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.2a 0.2a 0.1a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Hallucinogens 1.9 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.8 2.0 1.6
LSD 0.1b 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.9
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.5 6.1b 6.1b 6.3b 6.5b 5.9b 5.9b 6.4b 5.9b 5.0
Pain Relievers 4.1a 4.7b 4.7b 4.7b 5.0b 4.6b 4.5b 4.8b 4.4b 3.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.7a 0.5
Tranquilizers 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0a 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.6
Stimulants3 1.3a 1.3a 1.5b 1.4b 1.4b 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0
Methamphetamine3 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6b 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sedatives 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7.9b 8.4b 8.1b 8.8b 8.9b 8.1b 7.8a 8.4b 8.0b 7.0
120406
Table 7.10A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 82,051b 83,380b 83,448b 85,841b 85,405b 89,040b 92,478a 92,973 94,117 95,171
Marijuana and Hashish 73,162b 74,620b 75,001b 76,111b 76,213b 79,988b 82,001b 83,070 84,927 85,668
Cocaine 28,453b 29,488b 28,649b 28,185b 29,593b 30,477a 31,671 31,339 32,430 32,332
Crack 7,057 6,599a 6,580a 6,675 7,254 7,524 7,458 7,368 8,262 7,433
Heroin 3,087 3,148 2,538b 2,979 3,214 3,253 3,262 3,036 3,483 3,499
Hallucinogens 25,378b 25,736b 26,318b 25,910b 27,675a 27,088b 29,217 29,970 30,248 29,403
LSD 18,917a 19,577 19,185a 18,728b 20,213 20,137 21,166 21,138 20,950 20,716
PCP 6,352 5,955 5,851 5,705 5,865 5,533 6,032 5,692 5,731 5,676
Ecstasy 4,656b 5,619b 6,168b 6,632b 7,414b 7,786b 8,431b 9,513 11,082b 9,743
Inhalants 15,398 15,596 15,521 15,754 16,200 16,426 16,659 16,649 16,367 15,540
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 35,779b 36,269b 36,190b 36,562b 37,741 37,781 39,677 39,285 39,409 39,348
Pain Relievers 19,983b 20,896b 21,076b 21,896b 22,475a 22,533a 24,543 24,583 24,521 24,497
OxyContin® 881b 1,433b 1,392b 1,589b 2,089b 2,303b 2,748b 3,373 3,642 3,469
Tranquilizers 14,959b 15,447a 15,117a 15,919 16,290 15,350a 16,762 16,830 16,960 16,725
Stimulants3 18,588b 18,085a 17,499 16,105 17,639 17,369 17,126 17,863 17,674 16,699
Methamphetamine3 12,648b 12,565b 11,920a 10,154 11,782a 11,012 10,891 11,203 11,542 10,594
Sedatives 9,075b 8,696b 9,012b 8,101a 8,007a 7,604 8,204a 7,882a 7,006 6,899
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 52,578b 53,040b 52,672b 54,078b 55,024b 56,431b 59,248 58,987 59,895 59,580
120406
Table 7.10B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 45.7b 46.1b 45.6b 46.3a 45.5b 46.9 48.2 48.0 48.2 48.0
Marijuana and Hashish 40.8b 41.2b 41.0b 41.1b 40.6b 42.1 42.7 42.9 43.5 43.2
Cocaine 15.9 16.3 15.6 15.2a 15.7 16.1 16.5 16.2 16.6 16.3
Crack 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.2a 3.7
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4a 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.8
Hallucinogens 14.1 14.2 14.4 14.0a 14.7 14.3 15.2 15.5 15.5 14.8
LSD 10.5 10.8 10.5 10.1 10.8 10.6 11.0 10.9 10.7 10.4
PCP 3.5b 3.3a 3.2 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.9
Ecstasy 2.6b 3.1b 3.4b 3.6b 3.9b 4.1b 4.4a 4.9 5.7b 4.9
Inhalants 8.6a 8.6a 8.5 8.5a 8.6a 8.7a 8.7a 8.6a 8.4 7.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 20.1 19.9 20.7 20.3 20.2 19.8
Pain Relievers 11.1b 11.5a 11.5a 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.8 12.7 12.6 12.4
OxyContin® 0.5b 0.8b 0.8b 0.9b 1.1b 1.2b 1.4a 1.7 1.9 1.7
Tranquilizers 8.3 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.4
Stimulants3 10.4b 10.0b 9.6b 8.7 9.4b 9.1a 8.9 9.2a 9.1 8.4
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.5b 5.5 6.3b 5.8 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.3
Sedatives 5.1b 4.8b 4.9b 4.4b 4.3b 4.0a 4.3b 4.1a 3.6 3.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 29.3 29.3 28.8a 29.2 29.3 29.7 30.9 30.5 30.7 30.0
120406
Table 7.11A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 18,639b 18,562b 18,594b 18,883b 19,565b 20,163 19,801a 21,099 22,174 21,485
Marijuana and Hashish 12,612b 12,441b 12,833b 12,880b 12,889b 12,970b 13,479b 14,983 15,672 15,632
Cocaine 3,307b 3,372b 3,114b 2,852b 3,400b 3,275b 3,133b 2,773b 2,700b 2,065
Crack 1,188b 1,036b 978b 1,000b 1,111b 1,138b 862b 807b 686 490
Heroin 231 182 232 184a 376 207 265 364 382 336
Hallucinogens 1,194 1,046 1,182 1,093 1,166 1,089 881 1,369 1,356 1,098
LSD 131 73 117 91 181 120 115 124 197 135
PCP 31 13 38 22 52 26 * 42 24 17
Ecstasy 836a 626 606 705 595 647 499 932b 687 590
Inhalants 320a 295a 413 358 532 562 540 514 566 541
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8,057 8,231 7,814 8,331 9,168 9,377 8,380 9,108 9,362 8,542
Pain Relievers 5,582 5,950 5,556 6,044 6,752 6,851 6,347 6,795 6,941 6,306
OxyContin® -- -- 457b 480a 547 626 634 687 893 776
Tranquilizers 2,772 2,783 2,878 2,956 2,788 3,086 2,853 3,228 3,314 3,080
Stimulants3 1,482 1,256 1,467 1,340 1,864a 1,447 1,152 1,521 1,335 1,336
Methamphetamine3 891 823 1,012 849 1,146a 823 490 777 593 703
Sedatives 681b 544a 441 441 632b 582a 335 530a 630b 314
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 10,808 10,689 10,189 10,513 11,477a 11,910b 10,906 11,526a 11,472 10,422
120406
Table 7.11B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.3 10.9 11.4 10.8
Marijuana and Hashish 7.0b 6.9b 7.0b 6.9b 6.9b 6.8b 7.0b 7.7 8.0 7.9
Cocaine 1.8b 1.9b 1.7b 1.5b 1.8b 1.7b 1.6b 1.4b 1.4b 1.0
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.5b 0.5b 0.6b 0.6b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4 0.2
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.6
LSD 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5b 0.4 0.3
Inhalants 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.5 4.9a 4.9a 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.3
Pain Relievers 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.6a 3.6a 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.2
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2a 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4
Tranquilizers 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.6
Stimulants3 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0b 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Methamphetamine3 0.5 0.5 0.6a 0.5 0.6b 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.3b 0.3b 0.2 0.3a 0.3b 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 6.0b 5.9a 5.6 5.7 6.1b 6.3b 5.7 6.0a 5.9a 5.3
120406
Table 7.12A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10,380b 10,224b 10,159b 10,666b 11,400a 11,001b 11,321a 12,270 12,835 12,580
Marijuana and Hashish 7,185b 7,267b 7,471b 7,508b 7,818b 7,385b 8,142b 8,885 9,294 9,578
Cocaine 1,243b 1,431b 1,204a 1,423b 1,586b 1,400b 1,252b 1,106 909 838
Crack 488b 517b 370a 553b 619b 538b 302 448b 303 205
Heroin 116 76 108 62a 268 109 124 112 141 159
Hallucinogens 352a 238 241 380a 262 349a 269 427b 320 200
LSD 15 15 20 12 41 45 * 27 * 26
PCP 20 * 21 20 * 19 * 36 24 *
Ecstasy 197 149 142 161 120 209 146 269a 165 120
Inhalants 183 117a 181 152 292 191 270 170 293 257
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3,602 3,532 3,218 3,607 4,130 4,130 3,563 4,072 4,239 3,720
Pain Relievers 2,321 2,406 2,149a 2,437 2,908 2,998 2,676 3,014 2,975 2,688
OxyContin® -- -- 118 153 106a 168 256 262 280 225
Tranquilizers 1,129 1,078 889 1,050 984 1,085 1,075 1,265 1,456 1,132
Stimulants3 685 676 653 548 757 574 445 748 561 528
Methamphetamine3 428 459 428 331 495 380 211 383 245 323
Sedatives 340a 189 190 171 285 240 136 243 280 164
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 4,897 4,767 4,301 4,860 5,456a 5,471a 4,884 5,262 5,214 4,610
120406
Table 7.12B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 5.8 5.6a 5.5b 5.8a 6.1 5.8 5.9 6.3 6.6 6.3
Marijuana and Hashish 4.0b 4.0b 4.1b 4.1b 4.2b 3.9b 4.2a 4.6 4.8 4.8
Cocaine 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.8b 0.7b 0.7b 0.6 0.5 0.4
Crack 0.3b 0.3b 0.2a 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.2 0.2b 0.2 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.2a 0.1 0.2b 0.2 0.1
LSD 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0
PCP 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 *
Ecstasy 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.2a 2.2 1.9 2.1 2.2 1.9
Pain Relievers 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.4
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Stimulants3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4a 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2.7a 2.6 2.3 2.6 2.9b 2.9b 2.5 2.7a 2.7 2.3
120406
Table 7.13A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 100,612b 102,574b 102,491b 105,063b 104,733b 107,871b 111,250a 112,631 113,655 114,705
Marijuana and Hashish 89,842b 91,723b 91,984b 93,143b 93,393b 96,641b 98,720b 100,747a 102,456 103,464
Cocaine 33,239b 34,243b 33,542b 33,090b 34,732a 35,402 36,443 36,337 36,998 36,584
Crack 8,239 7,792 7,715 7,820 8,430 8,509 8,374 8,332 9,148a 8,146
Heroin 3,574 3,664 3,067b 3,475 3,728 3,751 3,729 3,623 4,097 4,093
Hallucinogens 32,895b 33,113b 33,173a 32,730b 34,300 33,380a 35,093 36,388 36,543 35,432
LSD 23,845 24,027 23,085 22,145 23,146 22,518 23,333 23,464 23,143 22,771
PCP 7,185b 6,903a 6,587 6,421 6,505 6,073 6,554 6,173 6,179 6,027
Ecstasy 9,330b 10,301b 10,607b 11,096b 11,806b 11,971b 12,439b 13,707 15,312a 13,964
Inhalants 20,265a 20,325a 20,036a 20,087a 20,298a 20,130a 20,104a 20,269a 19,763 18,646
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 44,556b 45,629b 45,754b 46,552a 47,809 47,588 49,371 49,181 49,241 48,721
Pain Relievers 26,836b 28,409b 28,890b 30,175a 30,828 30,676 32,639 32,804 32,664 32,097
OxyContin® 1,700b 2,579b 2,767b 3,205b 3,773b 4,019b 4,513b 5,483 5,791 5,547
Tranquilizers 18,433b 19,346a 19,036b 20,275 20,576 19,505a 20,831 21,152 21,463 20,956
Stimulants3 22,384b 21,958b 21,391a 20,113 21,565a 20,939 20,612 21,450a 21,209 19,871
Methamphetamine3 14,949b 14,756b 14,166b 12,344 13,885b 12,859a 12,438 12,721 12,903a 11,743
Sedatives 9,723b 9,261b 9,640b 8,751b 8,619a 8,188 8,715b 8,409a 7,475 7,371
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 65,014b 65,809b 65,302b 66,879b 67,984b 69,005a 71,394 71,579 72,306 71,440
120406
Table 7.13B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 47.8a 48.2 47.6b 48.2 47.5b 48.5 49.5 49.6 49.6 49.3
Marijuana and Hashish 42.7b 43.1a 42.7b 42.8b 42.3b 43.4 43.9 44.3 44.7 44.5
Cocaine 15.8 16.1 15.6 15.2 15.7 15.9 16.2 16.0 16.1 15.7
Crack 3.9a 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.0a 3.5
Heroin 1.7 1.7 1.4a 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.8
Hallucinogens 15.6 15.6 15.4 15.0 15.5 15.0 15.6 16.0a 15.9 15.2
LSD 11.3b 11.3b 10.7b 10.2 10.5a 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.1 9.8
PCP 3.4b 3.2b 3.1a 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.6
Ecstasy 4.4b 4.8b 4.9b 5.1b 5.4b 5.4b 5.5a 6.0 6.7b 6.0
Inhalants 9.6b 9.6b 9.3b 9.2b 9.2b 9.0b 8.9b 8.9b 8.6a 8.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 21.2 21.5 21.3 21.4 21.7 21.4 22.0a 21.6 21.5 20.9
Pain Relievers 12.8b 13.4 13.4 13.9 14.0 13.8 14.5a 14.4 14.2 13.8
OxyContin® 0.8b 1.2b 1.3b 1.5b 1.7b 1.8b 2.0b 2.4 2.5 2.4
Tranquilizers 8.8 9.1 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.8 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.0
Stimulants3 10.6b 10.3b 9.9b 9.2a 9.8b 9.4b 9.2 9.4b 9.3a 8.5
Methamphetamine3 7.1b 6.9b 6.6b 5.7a 6.3b 5.8b 5.5 5.6a 5.6a 5.0
Sedatives 4.6b 4.4b 4.5b 4.0b 3.9b 3.7a 3.9b 3.7a 3.3 3.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 30.9 30.9 30.3 30.7 30.8 31.0 31.7 31.5 31.5 30.7
120406
Table 7.14A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29,638b 29,538b 29,506b 29,999b 30,831b 31,052b 30,892b 33,285 34,163 33,552
Marijuana and Hashish 21,850b 21,486b 21,796b 21,991b 22,077b 21,978b 22,633b 25,325 25,887 26,186
Cocaine 5,394b 5,470b 5,247b 5,099b 5,663b 5,362b 4,977b 4,564b 4,294a 3,628
Crack 1,454b 1,310b 1,241b 1,327b 1,404b 1,387b 1,079b 979b 866a 597
Heroin 353a 278b 350a 343b 524 349a 415 547 593 566
Hallucinogens 3,804 3,158 3,125 3,144 3,317 3,130 2,982a 3,799 3,795 3,421
LSD 684 409b 434b 413b 561a 495b 623 647 746 721
PCP 126 130 138 79 129 83 37a 77 61 80
Ecstasy 2,621b 1,790 1,605b 1,703a 1,830 1,794 1,770 2,388a 2,188 2,003
Inhalants 1,005 956 1,087 1,043 1,110 1,090 1,079 1,149 1,163 1,041
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 12,509 12,868 12,621 13,246 14,298b 14,297b 13,271 14,169a 14,238a 12,908
Pain Relievers 9,122 9,753 9,391 10,074 10,829b 10,833b 10,304 10,822b 10,720a 9,659
OxyContin® -- -- 1,019b 1,039b 1,124a 1,195 1,236 1,460 1,645 1,404
Tranquilizers 4,281 4,465 4,536 4,752 4,581 4,788 4,616 5,031 5,117 4,635
Stimulants3 2,716 2,453 2,747 2,581 3,241b 2,579 2,275 2,759 2,577 2,401
Methamphetamine3 1,510b 1,417b 1,631b 1,425b 1,700b 1,229 760 1,080 861 928
Sedatives 843b 700a 604 632a 818b 754b 513 690a 796b 442
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 17,086 16,954 16,389 16,980 18,114b 18,283b 17,159 18,228b 17,866a 16,395
120406
Table 7.14B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 14.1 13.9 13.7a 13.8 14.0 13.9 13.7 14.6 14.9 14.4
Marijuana and Hashish 10.4b 10.1b 10.1b 10.1b 10.0b 9.9b 10.1b 11.1 11.3 11.3
Cocaine 2.6b 2.6b 2.4b 2.3b 2.6b 2.4b 2.2b 2.0b 1.9b 1.6
Crack 0.7b 0.6b 0.6b 0.6b 0.6b 0.6b 0.5b 0.4b 0.4a 0.3
Heroin 0.2 0.1b 0.2a 0.2a 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
Hallucinogens 1.8b 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.7a 1.7 1.5
LSD 0.3 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3 0.2a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
PCP 0.1a 0.1a 0.1a 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 1.2b 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1b 1.0 0.9
Inhalants 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5.9 6.1a 5.9 6.1a 6.5b 6.4b 5.9 6.2b 6.2b 5.5
Pain Relievers 4.3 4.6a 4.4 4.6a 4.9b 4.9b 4.6a 4.8b 4.7b 4.2
OxyContin® -- -- 0.5a 0.5a 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.0
Stimulants3 1.3b 1.2 1.3a 1.2 1.5b 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.0
Methamphetamine3 0.7b 0.7b 0.8b 0.7b 0.8b 0.6a 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4
Sedatives 0.4b 0.3b 0.3a 0.3a 0.4b 0.3b 0.2 0.3a 0.3b 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 8.1b 8.0b 7.6a 7.8b 8.2b 8.2b 7.6a 8.0b 7.8b 7.0
120406
Table 7.15A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 16,644b 16,659b 16,397b 17,209b 17,898b 17,477b 17,811b 19,446 20,180 19,932
Marijuana and Hashish 12,561b 12,667b 12,667b 12,896b 13,154b 12,777b 13,601b 15,013 15,607 16,103
Cocaine 1,874b 2,128b 1,895b 2,255b 2,316b 1,972b 1,767b 1,572 1,412 1,302
Crack 541b 572b 451b 657b 691b 595b 356 489b 375a 225
Heroin 155 101b 151 121b 323 157 200 180 231 267
Hallucinogens 941 783 719 883 826 824 814 1,047b 992a 757
LSD 51b 82 103 72 99 114 105 124 109 118
PCP 35 35 37 31 19 34 * 42 30 22
Ecstasy 553 379 373 428 446 438 441 647b 567 435
Inhalants 334 250a 325 298 422 323 374 318 428 402
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 5,300 5,453 5,196 5,653 6,252a 6,077 5,499 6,205a 6,236a 5,431
Pain Relievers 3,583 3,892 3,653 3,972 4,534a 4,517a 4,165 4,624a 4,485a 3,908
OxyContin® -- -- 260 299 246a 324 387 440 519 383
Tranquilizers 1,617 1,604 1,455 1,657 1,636 1,657 1,646 1,887 2,026 1,678
Stimulants3 1,094 1,088 1,132a 1,016 1,214b 924 796 1,172a 975 872
Methamphetamine3 612a 655a 648a 556 678b 496 285 466 328 402
Sedatives 389a 247 239 245 340 311 203 327 340 206
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 7,356 7,432 6,920 7,710 8,368b 8,113b 7,463 8,073b 7,924a 6,994
120406
Table 7.15B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 7.9a 7.8b 7.6b 7.9a 8.1 7.9a 7.9a 8.6 8.8 8.6
Marijuana and Hashish 6.0b 6.0b 5.9b 5.9b 6.0b 5.7b 6.0b 6.6 6.8 6.9
Cocaine 0.9b 1.0b 0.9b 1.0b 1.0b 0.9b 0.8b 0.7 0.6 0.6
Crack 0.3b 0.3b 0.2b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.2a 0.2b 0.2a 0.1
Heroin 0.1 0.0b 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.4b 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5b 0.4a 0.3
LSD 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
PCP 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3b 0.2 0.2
Inhalants 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.8b 2.7b 2.4 2.7b 2.7a 2.3
Pain Relievers 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.1b 2.0b 1.9 2.0b 2.0a 1.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9a 0.7
Stimulants3 0.5a 0.5a 0.5b 0.5 0.6b 0.4 0.4 0.5a 0.4 0.4
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3b 0.3b 0.3 0.3b 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.2b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 3.5b 3.5b 3.2 3.5b 3.8b 3.6b 3.3a 3.6b 3.5b 3.0
120406
Table 7.16A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 4,035b 3,968b 3,956b 3,679b 3,658b 3,501 3,335 3,524 3,256 3,336
Marijuana and Hashish 2,714b 2,569a 2,552 2,348 2,315 2,233 2,203a 2,352 2,269 2,387
Cocaine 337b 319b 339b 283b 257b 258b 218 220 190 175
Crack 61 89b 60 48 51 43 32 28 34 36
Heroin 34 34 43 32 25 28 37 25 23 33
Hallucinogens 740b 618b 616b 518 512 480 501 537 516 496
LSD 364b 206b 174 177 125 111 149 140 120 137
PCP 106b 100b 97b 97b 53 53 57 44 27 40
Ecstasy 376a 257 243 181b 202b 215a 224a 277 277 298
Inhalants 1,426b 1,390b 1,429b 1,360b 1,302b 1,225b 1,081b 1,109b 985 909
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,643b 1,639b 1,616b 1,444b 1,561b 1,441b 1,263 1,352a 1,198 1,215
Pain Relievers 1,362b 1,391b 1,378b 1,211b 1,315b 1,200b 1,068 1,178a 1,053 1,027
OxyContin® 112a 146 162 136 160 173 159 189 184 165
Tranquilizers 385 398a 353 342 316 323 317 303 325 315
Stimulants3 469b 472b 387b 364b 399b 302a 248 234 230 232
Methamphetamine3 150b 160b 140b 133a 126a 81 65 62 76 81
Sedatives 84 126b 128b 110a 97 89 90 103 77 66
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,726b 2,711b 2,721b 2,488b 2,527b 2,378b 2,179a 2,252b 2,030 2,008
120406
Table 7.16B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 31.9b 31.1b 30.7b 28.4b 28.2a 27.2 26.2 28.0a 26.1 26.1
Marijuana and Hashish 21.5b 20.1a 19.8 18.1 17.9 17.3 17.3a 18.7 18.2 18.7
Cocaine 2.7b 2.5b 2.6b 2.2b 2.0b 2.0b 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.4
Crack 0.5 0.7b 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Heroin 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.8b 4.8b 4.8a 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.9 4.3 4.1 3.9
LSD 2.9b 1.6b 1.4 1.4 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1
PCP 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 0.7b 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3
Ecstasy 3.0a 2.0 1.9 1.4b 1.6b 1.7a 1.8a 2.2 2.2 2.3
Inhalants 11.3b 10.9b 11.1b 10.5b 10.0b 9.5b 8.5b 8.8b 7.9 7.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 13.0b 12.8b 12.6b 11.1b 12.0b 11.2b 9.9 10.8a 9.6 9.5
Pain Relievers 10.8b 10.9b 10.7b 9.4b 10.1b 9.3a 8.4 9.4b 8.5 8.0
OxyContin® 0.9a 1.1 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.3
Tranquilizers 3.0a 3.1a 2.7 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5
Stimulants3 3.7b 3.7b 3.0b 2.8b 3.1b 2.3a 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 1.3b 1.1b 1.0a 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Sedatives 0.7 1.0b 1.0b 0.8a 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8a 0.6 0.5
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.6b 21.2b 21.1b 19.2b 19.5b 18.4b 17.1a 17.9b 16.3 15.7
120406
Table 7.17A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 3,607b 3,663b 3,610b 3,342b 3,356b 3,137 3,230 3,104 3,022 3,037
Marijuana and Hashish 2,391b 2,318b 2,236b 2,055 2,084 1,863 1,935 1,852 1,888 1,991
Cocaine 333b 330b 272b 300b 313b 287b 254b 185 173 162
Crack 102b 68b 66a 60a 78b 64a 48 30 26 31
Heroin 60 45 35 28 35 27 30 32 23 37
Hallucinogens 680b 632b 543a 480 477 418 470 479 485 435
LSD 306b 191b 139a 111 94 91 122 109 111 92
PCP 127b 104b 77b 85b 75b 52 45 55 49 37
Ecstasy 444b 346 280 218b 274 231a 301 295 340 307
Inhalants 1,179b 1,281b 1,333b 1,298b 1,257b 1,203b 1,245b 1,174b 1,030 968
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,759b 1,733b 1,787b 1,575b 1,613b 1,513b 1,521b 1,458a 1,392 1,307
Pain Relievers 1,412b 1,407b 1,500b 1,305b 1,335b 1,257a 1,286a 1,215 1,191 1,123
OxyContin® 112b 108b 143a 140a 184 187 185 191 185 204
Tranquilizers 450 476a 464a 424 426 425 403 392 398 385
Stimulants3 643b 574b 519b 506b 531b 428b 425b 349a 301 276
Methamphetamine3 266b 222b 206b 185b 216b 140 130 125 81 103
Sedatives 154b 123a 123a 122a 126b 124a 115a 121a 101 77
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 2,559b 2,607b 2,634b 2,456b 2,424b 2,271b 2,334b 2,250b 2,136 1,999
120406
Table 7.17B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in Lifetime among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 29.8b 30.0b 29.3b 26.9b 27.0b 25.4 26.5 25.8 25.4 24.9
Marijuana and Hashish 19.7b 19.0b 18.1b 16.6 16.8 15.1 15.9 15.4 15.9 16.3
Cocaine 2.8b 2.7b 2.2b 2.4b 2.5b 2.3b 2.1b 1.5 1.5 1.3
Crack 0.8b 0.6b 0.5a 0.5a 0.6b 0.5a 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3
Heroin 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Hallucinogens 5.6b 5.2b 4.4a 3.9 3.8 3.4 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.6
LSD 2.5b 1.6b 1.1a 0.9 0.8 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
PCP 1.0b 0.8b 0.6b 0.7b 0.6b 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3
Ecstasy 3.7b 2.8 2.3 1.8b 2.2 1.9a 2.5 2.5 2.9 2.5
Inhalants 9.7b 10.5b 10.8b 10.5b 10.1b 9.7b 10.2b 9.7b 8.7 7.9
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 14.5b 14.2b 14.5b 12.7b 13.0b 12.2b 12.5b 12.1b 11.7 10.7
Pain Relievers 11.7b 11.5b 12.2b 10.5b 10.7b 10.2 10.6a 10.1 10.0 9.2
OxyContin® 0.9b 0.9b 1.2a 1.1b 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7
Tranquilizers 3.7 3.9a 3.8 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.2
Stimulants3 5.3b 4.7b 4.2b 4.1b 4.3b 3.5b 3.5b 2.9a 2.5 2.3
Methamphetamine3 2.2b 1.8b 1.7b 1.5b 1.7b 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.8
Sedatives 1.3b 1.0a 1.0a 1.0a 1.0b 1.0a 0.9a 1.0a 0.9 0.6
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 21.1b 21.3b 21.4b 19.8b 19.5b 18.4b 19.2b 18.7b 18.0a 16.4
120406
Table 7.18A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,842b 2,776b 2,653a 2,557 2,531 2,507 2,433 2,556 2,422 2,438
Marijuana and Hashish 2,064 1,955 1,918 1,796 1,752a 1,754a 1,738a 1,898 1,861 1,933
Cocaine 263b 222b 223b 208b 179b 174b 161a 146 116 115
Crack 36a 47b 31 23 32 25 19 16 8 16
Heroin 20 17 32 17 14 16 27 17 13 22
Hallucinogens 501b 386 389 352 320 342 377 407 382 369
LSD 183b 73 94 92 51b 76 119 90 73 98
PCP 46b 44a 39 44a 26 32 37 26 12 19
Ecstasy 262 142b 141b 125b 130b 165 160a 212 206 218
Inhalants 586b 554b 587b 538b 520b 501a 470 458 381 396
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,091b 1,090b 974b 962a 1,055b 973a 867 878 806 829
Pain Relievers 913b 930b 837b 818a 885b 819a 730 755 688 693
OxyContin® -- -- 99 101 96 107 122 110 113 102
Tranquilizers 249 258 226 229 196 214 226 210 200 216
Stimulants3 294b 253b 210b 194a 224b 174 140 138 133 134
Methamphetamine3 97b 82a 69 78a 74 39 33 29 44 44
Sedatives 45 67a 59a 51 56 42 47 70b 41 32
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,683b 1,637b 1,537b 1,479b 1,543b 1,450a 1,383 1,376 1,265 1,263
120406
Table 7.18B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 22.5b 21.7b 20.6a 19.7 19.5 19.4 19.1 20.3 19.4 19.1
Marijuana and Hashish 16.3 15.3 14.9 13.9a 13.5b 13.6a 13.7a 15.1 14.9 15.1
Cocaine 2.1b 1.7b 1.7b 1.6b 1.4b 1.4a 1.3a 1.2 0.9 0.9
Crack 0.3a 0.4b 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 4.0b 3.0 3.0 2.7 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.1 2.9
LSD 1.5b 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.4b 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.8
PCP 0.4b 0.3a 0.3 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2
Ecstasy 2.1 1.1b 1.1b 1.0b 1.0b 1.3 1.3a 1.7 1.7 1.7
Inhalants 4.6b 4.3b 4.6b 4.2b 4.0b 3.9a 3.7 3.6 3.1 3.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 8.6b 8.5b 7.6a 7.4a 8.1b 7.5a 6.8 7.0 6.5 6.5
Pain Relievers 7.2b 7.3b 6.5b 6.3a 6.8b 6.4a 5.7 6.0 5.5 5.4
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8
Tranquilizers 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.7
Stimulants3 2.3b 2.0b 1.6b 1.5a 1.7b 1.4 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Methamphetamine3 0.8b 0.6a 0.5 0.6a 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3
Sedatives 0.4 0.5a 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6b 0.3 0.2
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.3b 12.8b 11.9b 11.4b 11.9b 11.2a 10.9 10.9 10.2 9.9
120406
Table 7.19A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 2,652b 2,679b 2,648b 2,484a 2,447 2,231 2,318 2,282 2,322 2,297
Marijuana and Hashish 1,841b 1,790a 1,738 1,587 1,603 1,404b 1,520 1,464a 1,553 1,620
Cocaine 245b 216b 188b 215b 232b 211b 145 96 124 113
Crack 64b 48b 32a 31a 41b 40b 16 13 10 12
Heroin 31 19 16 20 23 8a 14 17 15 32
Hallucinogens 444b 392b 364a 313 333 287 312 330 365a 279
LSD 131b 76 63 59 55 50 66 53 62 61
PCP 64b 44b 33 41a 33 24 25 22 23 20
Ecstasy 285b 188 169 131b 177 163 186 204 258 201
Inhalants 492 565b 581b 606b 589b 494 516a 502 504 424
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,194b 1,205b 1,254b 1,139b 1,129b 1,064a 1,052a 1,017 1,006 920
Pain Relievers 957b 987b 1,028b 922a 937b 866 883 873 833 791
OxyContin® -- -- 95 87 105 125 104 115 121 117
Tranquilizers 319 328a 307 268 288 291 257 252 266 259
Stimulants3 371b 325b 297b 312b 324b 240b 233a 196 191 165
Methamphetamine3 148b 103a 108a 100a 111b 77 62 58 54 62
Sedatives 93b 64 75 67 54 68 67 56 70 52
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 1,655b 1,714b 1,732b 1,650b 1,605b 1,471a 1,477a 1,474a 1,493b 1,302
120406
Table 7.19B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 21.9b 21.9b 21.5b 20.0 19.7 18.1 19.0 18.9 19.5 18.8
Marijuana and Hashish 15.2b 14.6a 14.1 12.8 12.9 11.4b 12.5 12.2 13.1 13.3
Cocaine 2.0b 1.8b 1.5b 1.7b 1.9b 1.7b 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.9
Crack 0.5b 0.4b 0.3a 0.3a 0.3b 0.3b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Heroin 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Hallucinogens 3.7b 3.2b 3.0a 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.7 3.1a 2.3
LSD 1.1b 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5
PCP 0.5b 0.4b 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ecstasy 2.4b 1.5 1.4 1.1b 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.2 1.7
Inhalants 4.1 4.6b 4.7b 4.9b 4.7b 4.0 4.2a 4.2a 4.2a 3.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 9.9b 9.9b 10.2b 9.2b 9.1b 8.6a 8.6a 8.4a 8.5 7.5
Pain Relievers 7.9b 8.1b 8.3b 7.4a 7.5a 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.5
OxyContin® -- -- 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Tranquilizers 2.6 2.7a 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Stimulants3 3.1b 2.7b 2.4b 2.5b 2.6b 1.9b 1.9a 1.6 1.6 1.3
Methamphetamine3 1.2b 0.8a 0.9a 0.8a 0.9a 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Sedatives 0.8b 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 13.7b 14.0b 14.0b 13.3b 12.9b 11.9a 12.1a 12.2b 12.6b 10.7
120406
Table 7.20A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,560a 1,457 1,360 1,313 1,277 1,296 1,205b 1,344 1,299 1,382
Marijuana and Hashish 1,152 1,093 1,037 967b 893b 973b 929b 1,056 1,042 1,151
Cocaine 77b 70b 75b 79b 49a 48a 62b 43 37 23
Crack 10 22b 9 14a 5 4 6 5 * 2
Heroin 6 8 11 11 3 3 8 8 2 8
Hallucinogens 130 138 120 98 86a 103 148 128 116 134
LSD 37 27 23 24 10 24 36 21 30 26
PCP 11 14a 7 8 6 9 10 8 4 3
Ecstasy 58 37 45 32a 38 34 58 65 50 57
Inhalants 159b 139 141a 160b 156b 158b 136 120 115 98
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 460b 478b 413b 400b 403b 392a 310 351 282 302
Pain Relievers 376b 385b 337b 325a 331b 325a 248 302 246 244
OxyContin® -- -- 29 17 19 25 33 40 27 29
Tranquilizers 70 111a 76 84 46 84 63 58 61 74
Stimulants3 106b 107b 89b 79a 81b 48 54 53 49 43
Methamphetamine3 40a 32a 24 39a 24 10 16 18 8 13
Sedatives 6 27 4 9 21 15 8 25 14 10
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 705b 682b 626b 616b 604b 584a 536 539 466 484
120406
Table 7.20B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Males Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 12.3b 11.4 10.6 10.1 9.8 10.1 9.5b 10.7 10.4 10.8
Marijuana and Hashish 9.1 8.6 8.1a 7.5b 6.9b 7.5b 7.3b 8.4 8.4 9.0
Cocaine 0.6b 0.5b 0.6b 0.6b 0.4a 0.4a 0.5b 0.3 0.3 0.2
Crack 0.1 0.2b 0.1 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7a 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1a 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
PCP 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 1.3b 1.1 1.1a 1.2b 1.2a 1.2a 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 3.6b 3.7b 3.2b 3.1a 3.1b 3.0a 2.4 2.8 2.3 2.4
Pain Relievers 3.0b 3.0b 2.6b 2.5a 2.5a 2.5a 1.9 2.4a 2.0 1.9
OxyContin® -- -- 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.6 0.9a 0.6 0.7 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.8b 0.7b 0.6a 0.6b 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Methamphetamine3 0.3a 0.3a 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.6b 5.3b 4.9b 4.8b 4.7a 4.5a 4.2 4.3 3.7 3.8
120406
Table 7.21A – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 1,318b 1,355b 1,314b 1,198 1,211 1,119 1,107 1,141 1,169 1,140
Marijuana and Hashish 871 878 872 763 802 721 739 757 760 816
Cocaine 68 83a 51 63 61 56 36 27 24 44
Crack 16 10b 6 12a 7 12a 1 3 3 1
Heroin 5 10 4 4 13 * 5 5 6 6
Hallucinogens 126a 122a 91 107 96 71 97 89 99 82
LSD 23 23a 15 8 21 6 16 14 16 8
PCP 11a 6 4 9 6 * 5 4 3 1
Ecstasy 66 54 32 41 45 31 47 50 73 52
Inhalants 143 181a 171 153 184a 136 134 124 147 124
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 527b 519b 501b 439 443 438 401 424 440 386
Pain Relievers 418b 416b 414b 361 361 346 319 356 362 319
OxyContin® -- -- 37 17 10 22 17 29 20 21
Tranquilizers 117 115 86 76 79 97 88 86 73 88
Stimulants3 102b 115b 91a 93a 90a 78 58 74 58 55
Methamphetamine3 31 38 34 32 29 24 13 18 16 23
Sedatives 41b 20 22 18 24 19 27 15 21 14
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 715b 735b 702b 637a 648a 598 557 583 626 541
120406
Table 7.21B – Types of Illicit Drug Use in the Past Month among Females Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Drug 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
3 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings report. For the 2002 through 2005 survey years, a Bernoulli stochastic imputation procedure was used to generate adjusted estimates comparable with estimates for survey years 2006 and later. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1 10.9b 11.1b 10.6a 9.7 9.8 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.8 9.3
Marijuana and Hashish 7.2 7.2 7.1 6.2 6.5 5.8a 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.7
Cocaine 0.6 0.7a 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4
Crack 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 * 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 1.0a 1.0a 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7
LSD 0.2 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4
Inhalants 1.2 1.5a 1.4 1.2 1.5a 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 4.4b 4.2b 4.1b 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.2
Pain Relievers 3.5b 3.4b 3.4a 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.6 3.0 3.0 2.6
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7
Stimulants3 0.8b 0.9b 0.7a 0.8a 0.7a 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Methamphetamine3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sedatives 0.3b 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1 5.9b 6.0b 5.7b 5.1a 5.2a 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.3a 4.4
120406
Table 7.22A – GHB Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: GHB is also known as "G," "Georgia Home Boy," "Grievous Bodily Harm," "Liquid G," and gamma hydroxybutyrate.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 1,635 1,326 1,198 1,443 1,698 1,389
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 40a 21 21 30 21 17
18 to 25 475b 307b 202a 255b 217a 142
26 or Older 1,120 998 976 1,158 1,459 1,230
GENDER            
Male 986 864 765 965 1,211 976
Female 650b 462 433 479 486 413
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 130 68 100 99 170 108
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 16 7 8 14 3 11
18 to 25 46 42 22 31 30 23
26 or Older 68 19 70 55 137 74
GENDER            
Male 105 55 81 78 123 96
Female 26 14 19 21 47 12
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 28 24 28 18 70 43
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 5 3 1 5 * 1
18 to 25 6 21a 5 4 6 3
26 or Older 17 * 22 * 63 39
GENDER            
Male 24 22 22 8 40 43
Female * * * 9 30 *
120406
Table 7.22B – GHB Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: GHB is also known as "G," "Georgia Home Boy," "Grievous Bodily Harm," "Liquid G," and gamma hydroxybutyrate.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.2a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
18 to 25 1.5b 0.9b 0.6a 0.8b 0.6a 0.4
26 or Older 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
GENDER            
Male 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.8
Female 0.5b 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
18 to 25 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
26 or Older 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0
18 to 25 0.0 0.1a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
26 or Older 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.0 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Female * * * 0.0 0.0 *
120406
Table 7.23A – Nonmedical Use of Adderall® in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 4,704b 4,951b 5,366b 6,751b 7,936 8,198
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 701 673 613 631 664 621
18 to 25 2,778b 2,868b 3,111b 3,701a 4,038 4,079
26 or Older 1,224b 1,410b 1,642b 2,419b 3,234 3,498
GENDER            
Male 2,662b 2,798b 2,959b 4,012 4,707 4,327
Female 2,042b 2,153b 2,407b 2,739b 3,228b 3,870
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 1,991b 2,003b 2,099b 2,779 2,904 3,076
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 434 395 382 398 414 409
18 to 25 1,212b 1,216b 1,218b 1,608 1,774 1,766
26 or Older 345b 391b 499b 773 716 902
GENDER            
Male 1,055b 1,157b 1,155b 1,649 1,661 1,684
Female 937b 846b 944b 1,129a 1,243 1,392
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 551b 529b 613b 858 921 836
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 119 134 102 118 126 122
18 to 25 339b 344b 346b 466 501 490
26 or Older 94a 51b 165 274 293 224
GENDER            
Male 299b 300b 344b 512 547 502
Female 252 229a 269 346 373 334
120406
Table 7.23B – Nonmedical Use of Adderall® in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 1.9b 2.0b 2.1b 2.7b 3.1 3.2
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.5
18 to 25 8.5b 8.8b 9.4b 11.0 11.9 11.9
26 or Older 0.7b 0.7b 0.9b 1.2b 1.7 1.8
GENDER            
Male 2.2b 2.3b 2.4b 3.3 3.8 3.5
Female 1.6b 1.7b 1.9b 2.1b 2.5b 2.9
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.8b 0.8b 0.8b 1.1 1.1 1.2
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6
18 to 25 3.7b 3.7b 3.7b 4.8 5.2 5.1
26 or Older 0.2b 0.2b 0.3b 0.4 0.4 0.5
GENDER            
Male 0.9b 1.0b 1.0b 1.3 1.3 1.4
Female 0.7b 0.7b 0.7b 0.9a 1.0 1.0
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.2b 0.2b 0.2a 0.3 0.4 0.3
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
18 to 25 1.0b 1.1a 1.1a 1.4 1.5 1.4
26 or Older 0.0a 0.0b 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.3b 0.2b 0.3a 0.4 0.4 0.4
Female 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
120406
Table 7.24A – Nonmedical Use of Ambien® in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 4,440b 5,197b 5,525 6,231 6,444 6,123
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 315 297 268 287 231 273
18 to 25 1,187 1,087 1,182 1,284a 1,288a 1,113
26 or Older 2,939b 3,813b 4,075a 4,660 4,925 4,738
GENDER            
Male 2,141b 2,366 2,345 2,932 3,227 2,703
Female 2,299b 2,831a 3,180 3,299 3,217 3,421
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 2,034 2,048 2,065 2,163 2,264 1,904
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 174 152 139 142 123 150
18 to 25 536b 476 480a 530b 453 382
26 or Older 1,324 1,420 1,446 1,492 1,688 1,371
GENDER            
Male 997 995 940 1,089a 1,160a 789
Female 1,037 1,053 1,125 1,074 1,104 1,115
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 544 377 442 613 815a 486
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 46 30 28 35 35 35
18 to 25 98 108 133 132 109 92
26 or Older 400 238 281 446 671a 359
GENDER            
Male 329 135 206 308 460a 205
Female 215 241 236 305 355 281
120406
Table 7.24B – Nonmedical Use of Ambien® in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 1.8b 2.1a 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.4
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.1
18 to 25 3.6 3.3 3.6 3.8b 3.8a 3.2
26 or Older 1.6b 2.0a 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.4
GENDER            
Male 1.8a 2.0 1.9 2.4 2.6a 2.2
Female 1.8b 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
18 to 25 1.6b 1.5a 1.5a 1.6b 1.3 1.1
26 or Older 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7
GENDER            
Male 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9a 0.9a 0.6
Female 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3a 0.2
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
18 to 25 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
26 or Older 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3a 0.2
GENDER            
Male 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4a 0.2
Female 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
120406
Table 7.25A – Use of Non-Prescription Cough or Cold Medicine to Get High in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 7,770 7,108 7,532 7,419 8,044 7,678
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 932b 855b 795 750 760 704
18 to 25 2,134 2,040a 2,183 2,325 2,324 2,270
26 or Older 4,705 4,213 4,554 4,344 4,959 4,704
GENDER            
Male 4,879 4,211 4,428 4,262 5,030 4,696
Female 2,891 2,898 3,103 3,157 3,014 2,982
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 1,582 1,354 1,434 1,470 1,781 1,577
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 486b 433b 404a 373 374 332
18 to 25 511 482 462 485 489 519
26 or Older 586 439a 568 611 918 726
GENDER            
Male 887 690 779 727 1,102 807
Female 696 664 655 743 679 771
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 423 403 404 412 467 395
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 123b 125a 104 108 94 77
18 to 25 107 130 107 124 127 94
26 or Older 193 147 192 181 246 224
GENDER            
Male 263 205 220 195 248 189
Female 160 197 184 217 219 206
120406
Table 7.25B – Use of Non-Prescription Cough or Cold Medicine to Get High in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.2 3.0
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 3.7b 3.4a 3.2 3.0 3.1 2.8
18 to 25 6.5 6.2 6.6 6.9 6.8 6.6
26 or Older 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.4
GENDER            
Male 4.1 3.5 3.7 3.5 4.1 3.8
Female 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 1.9b 1.7a 1.6a 1.5 1.5 1.3
18 to 25 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
26 or Older 0.3 0.2a 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4
GENDER            
Male 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.6
Female 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.5a 0.5a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
18 to 25 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3
26 or Older 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Female 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
120406
Table 7.26A – Ketamine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Ketamine is also known as "Special K" or "Super K."
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 2,283 2,191 2,148 2,309 2,411 2,379
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 83 71 74 78 80 88
18 to 25 919b 796b 636a 595 555 503
26 or Older 1,281a 1,324a 1,439 1,637 1,776 1,788
GENDER            
Male 1,468 1,436 1,354 1,547 1,747 1,552
Female 814 755 794 762 663 827
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 203a 212a 150b 202a 246 336
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 33 32 34 35 51 54
18 to 25 74b 122 70b 92a 136 152
26 or Older 95 58 46 75 59 130
GENDER            
Male 141 143 105a 115a 175 224
Female 62 69 45a 88 71 112
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 53 39 27a 86 61 82
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 11 12 10 17 14 25
18 to 25 14 17 17 26 22 29
26 or Older 28 10 * 43 24 28
GENDER            
Male 34 27 16 42 39 38
Female 19 12 10 43 21 44
120406
Table 7.26B – Ketamine Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Ketamine is also known as "Special K" or "Super K."
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
18 to 25 2.8b 2.4b 1.9b 1.8 1.6 1.5
26 or Older 0.7a 0.7a 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
GENDER            
Male 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.2
Female 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.1 0.1a 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.1
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
18 to 25 0.2a 0.4 0.2b 0.3 0.4 0.4
26 or Older 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.2
Female 0.0 0.1 0.0a 0.1 0.1 0.1
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.0 0.0 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
18 to 25 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
26 or Older 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
120406
Table 7.27A – DMT, AMT, or 5-MeO-DIPT ("Foxy") Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: DMT is also known as dimethyltryptamine.
NOTE: AMT is also known as alpha-methyltryptamine.
NOTE: 5-MeO-DIPT is also known as N, N-diisopropyl-5-methoxytryptamine and "Foxy".
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 688b 678b 731b 885 1,212 1,082
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 45 44 49 58 61 65
18 to 25 307b 270b 280b 367a 444 483
26 or Older 336a 363 402 460 707 535
GENDER            
Male 508b 521b 474b 644 883 825
Female 180 157 258 241 329 257
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 104b 82b 150b 194 234 265
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 16a 20 29 38 38 36
18 to 25 64b 52b 73b 111a 118a 183
26 or Older 24 10 47 46 79 47
GENDER            
Male 83b 63b 111b 117b 161 213
Female 21 19 39 77 73 53
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 20 * 46 57 81 47
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 * * 8 11 17 7
18 to 25 15 10 19 12 21 25
26 or Older * * 19 34 43 14
GENDER            
Male 13 7a 40 22 50 27
Female 7 * * 35 31 20
120406
Table 7.27B – DMT, AMT, or 5-MeO-DIPT ("Foxy") Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: DMT is also known as dimethyltryptamine.
NOTE: AMT is also known as alpha-methyltryptamine.
NOTE: 5-MeO-DIPT is also known as N, N-diisopropyl-5-methoxytryptamine and "Foxy".
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.4 0.5 0.4
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
18 to 25 0.9b 0.8b 0.8b 1.1a 1.3 1.4
26 or Older 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.3
GENDER            
Male 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.5 0.7 0.7
Female 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.0b 0.0b 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
18 to 25 0.2b 0.2b 0.2b 0.3a 0.3a 0.5
26 or Older 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1 0.2
Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.0 * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 * * 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
18 to 25 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
26 or Older * * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.0 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Female 0.0 * * 0.0 0.0 0.0
120406
Table 7.28A – Salvia divinorum Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 1,802b 2,522b 3,201b 4,406b 5,235 5,285
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 229b 298a 394 418 399 375
18 to 25 1,188b 1,599b 1,962b 2,698a 2,999 3,015
26 or Older 386b 624b 846b 1,289b 1,837 1,895
GENDER            
Male 1,436b 1,873b 2,296b 3,391 3,907 3,733
Female 366b 649b 905b 1,015b 1,329 1,551
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 761 1,007 1,213b 1,283b 1,191b 871
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 149a 192 264 244 229 208
18 to 25 552 656a 738b 784b 651a 522
26 or Older 60a 158 211 255a 311a 141
GENDER            
Male 600 737 877b 965b 929b 629
Female 161a 270 337a 318 262 242
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 136 200a 198a 194 162 136
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 28 42 59 50 44 37
18 to 25 104 134 129 95 93 85
26 or Older * 24 10 49 25 13
GENDER            
Male 112 151a 160a 134 134 95
Female 24 49 37 60 28 41
120406
Table 7.28B – Salvia divinorum Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Age Group and Gender: Percentages, 2006-2011
Drug Use/Demographic Characteristic 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision, no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006-2011.
LIFETIME USE            
TOTAL 0.7b 1.0b 1.3b 1.7b 2.1 2.1
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.9b 1.2a 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5
18 to 25 3.6b 4.9b 6.0b 8.0a 8.8 8.8
26 or Older 0.2b 0.3b 0.4b 0.7b 0.9 1.0
GENDER            
Male 1.2b 1.6b 1.9b 2.8 3.2 3.0
Female 0.3b 0.5b 0.7b 0.8b 1.0 1.2
PAST YEAR USE            
TOTAL 0.3 0.4a 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.3
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.6a 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8
18 to 25 1.7 2.0b 2.2b 2.3b 1.9a 1.5
26 or Older 0.0a 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.2b 0.1
GENDER            
Male 0.5 0.6 0.7b 0.8b 0.8b 0.5
Female 0.1a 0.2 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2
PAST MONTH USE            
TOTAL 0.1 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
AGE GROUP            
12 to 17 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
18 to 25 0.3 0.4a 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
26 or Older * 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
GENDER            
Male 0.1 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1
Female 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
120405
Table 7.29A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 71,499b 70,757a 70,257 71,519b 72,878b 71,073a 70,955a 69,825 69,663 68,225
Cigarettes 61,136b 60,434b 59,896b 60,532b 61,568b 60,183b 59,833a 58,723 58,336 56,819
Smokeless Tobacco 7,787 7,725 7,154b 7,682 8,226 8,059 8,706 8,615 8,879 8,243
Cigars 12,751 12,837 13,727 13,640 13,701 13,300 13,225 13,345 13,273 12,865
Pipe Tobacco 1,816 1,619b 1,835 2,190 2,315 2,044 1,885 2,104 2,155 2,137
ALCOHOL 119,820b 118,965b 120,934b 126,028b 125,360b 126,865b 128,884b 130,642a 131,374 133,385
Binge Alcohol Use2 53,787b 53,770b 54,725b 55,090b 56,680 57,858 58,368 59,690 58,535 58,341
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,860 16,144 16,689 16,035 16,958 17,023a 17,373b 17,175a 16,899 15,865
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 41,991a 41,288 41,569 42,175a 43,427b 42,413b 41,884 40,930 41,622 40,232
Cigarettes 32,636b 32,263a 32,278a 32,312b 33,249b 32,632b 31,913a 30,916 31,378 30,331
Smokeless Tobacco 7,242 7,096 6,730b 7,174 7,838 7,598 8,248 8,203 8,367 7,676
Cigars 10,669 10,372 11,375b 11,355a 11,102a 10,971 10,980 10,739 10,583 10,179
Pipe Tobacco 1,487 1,400 1,579 1,877 2,026 1,794 1,488 1,787 1,739 1,728
ALCOHOL 65,210b 65,927b 66,317b 68,497a 68,049b 68,129b 69,908 70,371 70,765 70,736
Binge Alcohol Use2 35,456a 35,565a 36,195 36,025 37,379 38,151 38,384 38,691 38,116 37,375
Heavy Alcohol Use2 12,216 11,958 12,388 12,172 12,781a 12,790a 12,933b 12,636 12,460 11,663
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29,509a 29,469a 28,688 29,344 29,452a 28,660 29,071 28,895 28,041 27,993
Cigarettes 28,500b 28,171a 27,618 28,220a 28,319a 27,551 27,920 27,807 26,957 26,488
Smokeless Tobacco 545 628 424 508 388 461 458 412 511 568
Cigars 2,082b 2,465 2,352 2,285a 2,599 2,329 2,246a 2,606 2,691 2,686
Pipe Tobacco 330 219b 256a 313 289 250b 397 317 416 410
ALCOHOL 54,610b 53,038b 54,616b 57,531b 57,311b 58,736b 58,977b 60,271a 60,609a 62,649
Binge Alcohol Use2 18,331b 18,205b 18,530b 19,065b 19,301b 19,707a 19,983 20,998 20,419 20,966
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,645a 4,186 4,301 3,863 4,177 4,233 4,441 4,539 4,439 4,202
120405
Table 7.29B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 30.4b 29.8b 29.2b 29.4b 29.6b 28.7b 28.4b 27.7b 27.5a 26.5
Cigarettes 26.0b 25.4b 24.9b 24.9b 25.0b 24.3b 24.0b 23.3b 23.0a 22.1
Smokeless Tobacco 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.2
Cigars 5.4a 5.4a 5.7b 5.6b 5.6b 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 51.0 50.1b 50.3b 51.8 51.0 51.2 51.6 51.9 51.8 51.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 22.9 22.6 22.8 22.7 23.0 23.3 23.4 23.7a 23.1 22.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 6.7a 6.8b 6.9b 6.6 6.9b 6.9b 7.0b 6.8b 6.7a 6.2
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.0b 35.9b 35.7b 35.8b 36.4b 35.3b 34.5b 33.5 33.7a 32.3
Cigarettes 28.7b 28.1b 27.7b 27.4b 27.9b 27.1b 26.3b 25.3 25.4 24.3
Smokeless Tobacco 6.4 6.2 5.8 6.1 6.6 6.3 6.8a 6.7 6.8 6.2
Cigars 9.4b 9.0a 9.8b 9.6b 9.3b 9.1a 9.1a 8.8 8.6 8.2
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.4 1.4
ALCOHOL 57.4 57.3 56.9 58.1 57.0 56.6 57.7 57.5 57.3 56.8
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.2 30.9 31.1 30.5 31.3a 31.7a 31.7a 31.6a 30.9 30.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.8b 10.4b 10.6b 10.3a 10.7b 10.6b 10.7b 10.3a 10.1 9.4
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 24.3b 24.0b 23.1b 23.4b 23.3b 22.5a 22.6b 22.3a 21.5 21.1
Cigarettes 23.4b 23.0b 22.3b 22.5b 22.4b 21.6b 21.7b 21.5b 20.7 19.9
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Cigars 1.7a 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 1.8 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2b 0.2a 0.3 0.2 0.2b 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
ALCOHOL 44.9b 43.2b 44.0b 45.9 45.2a 46.0 45.9 46.5 46.6 47.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.1 14.8a 14.9 15.2 15.2 15.4 15.5 16.2 15.7 15.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2
120405
Table 7.30A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 3,767b 3,610b 3,635b 3,324b 3,282b 3,141b 2,870b 2,894b 2,612 2,490
Cigarettes 3,209b 3,044b 2,998b 2,733b 2,642b 2,495b 2,282b 2,216b 2,040 1,939
Smokeless Tobacco 487 511 571 523 601 620a 555 583 570 517
Cigars 1,117b 1,115b 1,201b 1,064b 1,049b 1,073b 951 990a 788 858
Pipe Tobacco 137 160 178 158 168 181 178 231 155 182
ALCOHOL 4,365b 4,425b 4,436b 4,191b 4,228b 4,040b 3,671b 3,649b 3,319 3,326
Binge Alcohol Use2 2,641b 2,658b 2,794b 2,513b 2,621b 2,457b 2,208b 2,189b 1,912 1,849
Heavy Alcohol Use2 630b 652b 671b 611b 604b 592b 496b 520b 409 379
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 2,019b 1,988b 1,972b 1,843b 1,815b 1,825b 1,614 1,733b 1,529 1,475
Cigarettes 1,556b 1,514b 1,453b 1,387b 1,307b 1,293b 1,153 1,170 1,072 1,048
Smokeless Tobacco 436 479 521 476 547a 569a 499 523 498 461
Cigars 790b 789b 852b 748b 719b 781b 683b 666a 539 562
Pipe Tobacco 89 121 110 109 114 116 99 162b 98 101
ALCOHOL 2,200b 2,185b 2,216b 2,057b 2,114b 2,057b 1,827 1,921b 1,710 1,697
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,441b 1,421b 1,496b 1,341b 1,394b 1,372b 1,140a 1,221b 1,038 1,004
Heavy Alcohol Use2 395b 374b 407b 383b 369b 367b 296a 297 257 235
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 1,748b 1,622b 1,663b 1,481b 1,467b 1,316b 1,256b 1,161a 1,083 1,014
Cigarettes 1,653b 1,530b 1,545b 1,345b 1,336b 1,202b 1,130b 1,046b 969 890
Smokeless Tobacco 51 32a 50 47 55 50 56 60 72 56
Cigars 327 326 349 316 330 292 268 324 250 296
Pipe Tobacco 49a 40b 68 49a 55 65 79 68 57 82
ALCOHOL 2,165b 2,241b 2,220b 2,134b 2,113b 1,984b 1,844b 1,728 1,609 1,629
Binge Alcohol Use2 1,200b 1,237b 1,298b 1,172b 1,228b 1,086b 1,068b 968a 874 845
Heavy Alcohol Use2 235b 278b 264b 229b 235b 225b 200a 223b 152 144
120405
Table 7.30B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 15.2b 14.4b 14.4b 13.1b 12.9b 12.4b 11.5b 11.8b 10.7a 10.0
Cigarettes 13.0b 12.2b 11.9b 10.8b 10.4b 9.9b 9.2b 9.0b 8.4 7.8
Smokeless Tobacco 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.5a 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.1
Cigars 4.5b 4.5b 4.8b 4.2b 4.1b 4.3b 3.8 4.0b 3.2 3.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.6 0.7
ALCOHOL 17.6b 17.7b 17.6b 16.5b 16.7b 16.0b 14.7b 14.8b 13.6 13.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 10.7b 10.6b 11.1b 9.9b 10.3b 9.7b 8.9b 8.9b 7.9 7.4
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.5b 2.6b 2.7b 2.4b 2.4b 2.3b 2.0b 2.1b 1.7 1.5
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 16.0b 15.6b 15.3b 14.2b 14.0b 14.2b 12.7a 13.8b 12.3 11.6
Cigarettes 12.3b 11.9b 11.3b 10.7b 10.1b 10.0b 9.1 9.3a 8.6 8.2
Smokeless Tobacco 3.4 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.2 4.4a 3.9 4.2 4.0 3.6
Cigars 6.2b 6.2b 6.6b 5.8b 5.5b 6.1b 5.4b 5.3a 4.3 4.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.3b 0.8 0.8
ALCOHOL 17.4b 17.1b 17.2b 15.9b 16.3b 16.0b 14.4 15.3b 13.7 13.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 11.4b 11.1b 11.6b 10.4b 10.7b 10.6b 9.0a 9.7b 8.3 7.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1b 2.9b 3.2b 3.0b 2.8b 2.8b 2.3a 2.4a 2.1 1.8
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14.4b 13.3b 13.5b 11.9b 11.8b 10.7b 10.3b 9.6a 9.1 8.3
Cigarettes 13.6b 12.5b 12.5b 10.8b 10.8b 9.7b 9.3b 8.7b 8.2 7.3
Smokeless Tobacco 0.4 0.3a 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Cigars 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.1 2.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.4a 0.3b 0.5 0.4a 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7
ALCOHOL 17.9b 18.3b 18.0b 17.2b 17.0b 16.1b 15.1b 14.4 13.5 13.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 9.9b 10.1b 10.5b 9.4b 9.9b 8.8b 8.8b 8.0a 7.4 6.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1.9b 2.3b 2.1b 1.8b 1.9b 1.8b 1.6a 1.8b 1.3 1.2
120405
Table 7.31A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 14,049a 14,201b 14,359b 14,382b 14,396b 13,700 13,638 13,986 13,934 13,532
Cigarettes 12,650b 12,764b 12,731b 12,667b 12,595b 11,845 11,774 12,038a 11,702 11,488
Smokeless Tobacco 1,502b 1,486b 1,589b 1,664a 1,715 1,718 1,762 2,056 2,182b 1,867
Cigars 3,417a 3,623 4,103b 3,895 3,972 3,887 3,770 3,871 3,858 3,724
Pipe Tobacco 332b 292b 396b 471b 430b 395b 461b 592 619 635
ALCOHOL 18,759b 19,466b 19,474b 19,783b 20,298a 20,049b 20,125b 20,752 20,917 20,814
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,699b 13,188 13,271 13,597 13,838 13,709 13,573 14,045 13,796 13,653
Heavy Alcohol Use2 4,625b 4,788b 4,848b 4,967b 5,105b 4,837b 4,807b 4,627b 4,617b 4,165
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 8,097 8,226 8,368 8,425 8,414 8,229 8,068 8,411 8,445 8,155
Cigarettes 6,897a 7,040b 7,041b 7,007b 6,915a 6,669 6,532 6,817 6,588 6,582
Smokeless Tobacco 1,455b 1,418b 1,532b 1,588a 1,644 1,633 1,687 1,926 2,063b 1,769
Cigars 2,605 2,758 3,179b 2,997a 3,078b 3,051a 2,892 2,967 2,906 2,742
Pipe Tobacco 262b 228b 335a 372 353 314b 339a 466 418 449
ALCOHOL 10,129b 10,652 10,501a 10,830 10,871 10,756 10,630 11,126 11,360b 10,867
Binge Alcohol Use2 7,787 8,163 8,101 8,442b 8,295 8,214 8,013 8,402a 8,322a 7,961
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,282b 3,372b 3,434b 3,545b 3,469b 3,284b 3,305b 3,224b 3,173b 2,814
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 5,952b 5,975b 5,990b 5,957b 5,982b 5,471 5,570 5,575 5,489 5,377
Cigarettes 5,753b 5,724b 5,690b 5,660b 5,680b 5,176 5,243a 5,221a 5,114 4,906
Smokeless Tobacco 47b 67 56a 75 71 86 75 131 119 98
Cigars 813b 865 924 898 894 836a 878 905 952 982
Pipe Tobacco 69b 65b 61b 100b 77b 82b 123a 126 201 186
ALCOHOL 8,630b 8,814b 8,974b 8,953b 9,427b 9,292b 9,494b 9,626a 9,558a 9,947
Binge Alcohol Use2 4,911b 5,025b 5,170b 5,155b 5,543 5,496 5,561 5,643 5,474 5,692
Heavy Alcohol Use2 1,343 1,417 1,414 1,422 1,636b 1,553a 1,502 1,402 1,444 1,351
120405
Table 7.31B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 to 25, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 45.3b 44.8b 44.6b 44.3b 44.0b 41.9b 41.4b 41.6b 40.9a 39.5
Cigarettes 40.8b 40.2b 39.5b 39.0b 38.5b 36.2b 35.7b 35.8b 34.3 33.5
Smokeless Tobacco 4.8a 4.7b 4.9 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.3 6.1a 6.4b 5.4
Cigars 11.0 11.4 12.7b 12.0b 12.1b 11.9a 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.9
Pipe Tobacco 1.1b 0.9b 1.2b 1.5a 1.3b 1.2b 1.4b 1.8 1.8 1.9
ALCOHOL 60.5 61.4 60.5 60.9 62.0 61.3 61.1 61.8 61.4 60.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 40.9 41.6a 41.2 41.9b 42.3b 41.9b 41.2 41.8b 40.5 39.8
Heavy Alcohol Use2 14.9b 15.1b 15.1b 15.3b 15.6b 14.8b 14.6b 13.8b 13.5b 12.1
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 52.1b 51.7b 51.7b 51.6b 51.0b 49.9a 48.7 49.8a 48.9 47.5
Cigarettes 44.4b 44.2b 43.5b 42.9b 41.9b 40.5a 39.4 40.4a 38.1 38.3
Smokeless Tobacco 9.4 8.9b 9.5 9.7 10.0 9.9 10.2 11.4a 11.9b 10.3
Cigars 16.8 17.3a 19.7b 18.3b 18.7b 18.5b 17.5a 17.6a 16.8 16.0
Pipe Tobacco 1.7b 1.4b 2.1 2.3 2.1 1.9a 2.0a 2.8 2.4 2.6
ALCOHOL 65.2a 66.9b 64.9 66.3b 65.9b 65.3a 64.2 65.9b 65.7b 63.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 50.2b 51.3b 50.1b 51.7b 50.3b 49.8b 48.4a 49.8b 48.1 46.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 21.1b 21.2b 21.2b 21.7b 21.0b 19.9b 19.9b 19.1b 18.4b 16.4
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 38.4b 37.8b 37.4b 36.9b 36.8b 33.7b 34.0b 33.4a 32.7 31.4
Cigarettes 37.1b 36.2b 35.5b 35.0b 35.0b 31.9b 32.0b 31.3b 30.5a 28.7
Smokeless Tobacco 0.3b 0.4 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.6
Cigars 5.2 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.5 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.7
Pipe Tobacco 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.6a 0.5b 0.5b 0.7 0.8 1.2 1.1
ALCOHOL 55.7a 55.8a 56.0a 55.4b 58.0 57.2 58.0 57.7 56.9 58.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 31.7 31.8 32.3 31.9 34.1 33.8 34.0 33.8 32.6 33.2
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8.7 9.0 8.8 8.8 10.1b 9.6b 9.2a 8.4 8.6 7.9
120405
Table 7.32A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 53,683 52,946 52,263 53,813 55,200b 54,232 54,446 52,946 53,117 52,203
Cigarettes 45,278 44,626 44,166 45,133 46,331b 45,843a 45,777a 44,469 44,593 43,392
Smokeless Tobacco 5,797 5,728 4,994a 5,495 5,910 5,722 6,388 5,976 6,127 5,859
Cigars 8,217 8,099 8,423 8,681 8,680 8,340 8,504 8,484 8,627 8,283
Pipe Tobacco 1,347 1,166 1,261 1,561 1,717 1,467 1,246 1,280 1,381 1,320
ALCOHOL 96,696b 95,073b 97,023b 102,054b 100,835b 102,777b 105,089b 106,242a 107,138 109,245
Binge Alcohol Use2 38,447b 37,924b 38,661b 38,980b 40,220b 41,692 42,586 43,456 42,827 42,839
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10,605 10,704 11,170 10,457 11,250 11,594 12,070 12,028 11,874 11,321
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 31,874 31,074 31,229 31,907 33,198b 32,359a 32,202 30,787 31,647 30,602
Cigarettes 24,184a 23,709 23,784 23,917 25,027b 24,669b 24,229a 22,929 23,718 22,701
Smokeless Tobacco 5,351 5,199 4,677a 5,110 5,648 5,396 6,062 5,754 5,807 5,446
Cigars 7,274 6,825 7,344 7,610 7,305 7,139 7,404 7,107 7,138 6,875
Pipe Tobacco 1,136 1,051 1,133 1,396 1,559 1,364 1,051 1,158 1,223 1,178
ALCOHOL 52,880b 53,090b 53,601b 55,610b 55,064b 55,316b 57,451 57,324 57,695 58,172
Binge Alcohol Use2 26,227b 25,981b 26,598a 26,242b 27,691 28,566 29,231 29,069 28,757 28,410
Heavy Alcohol Use2 8,539 8,212 8,548 8,245 8,943 9,139 9,332 9,114 9,030 8,614
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 21,809 21,872 21,034 21,906 22,002 21,873 22,245 22,159 21,470 21,601
Cigarettes 21,094 20,918 20,382 21,215 21,304 21,173 21,548 21,539 20,875 20,691
Smokeless Tobacco 447 529 318 385 262 325 327 221a 320 413
Cigars 942b 1,274 1,079 1,071a 1,374 1,201 1,100 1,377 1,489 1,408
Pipe Tobacco 212 115 128 165 158 103 196 123 158 142
ALCOHOL 43,816b 41,983b 43,423b 46,444b 45,771b 47,460b 47,638b 48,918a 49,443 51,073
Binge Alcohol Use2 12,220b 11,943b 12,063b 12,738b 12,530b 13,126a 13,355 14,387 14,070 14,429
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2,067b 2,492 2,623 2,212a 2,306 2,455 2,739 2,914 2,843 2,707
120405
Table 7.32B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 26 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 29.9b 29.3b 28.5b 29.0b 29.4b 28.6b 28.4b 27.3 27.2 26.3
Cigarettes 25.2b 24.7b 24.1b 24.3b 24.7b 24.1b 23.8b 23.0a 22.8 21.9
Smokeless Tobacco 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.0
Cigars 4.6 4.5 4.6 4.7a 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9a 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
ALCOHOL 53.9 52.5b 53.0b 55.1 53.7a 54.1 54.7 54.9 54.9 55.1
Binge Alcohol Use2 21.4 21.0 21.1 21.0 21.4 22.0 22.2 22.4 21.9 21.6
Heavy Alcohol Use2 5.9 5.9 6.1 5.6 6.0 6.1 6.3a 6.2 6.1 5.7
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 37.3b 36.0b 35.7b 36.0b 36.9b 35.6b 35.0b 33.2 33.8 32.3
Cigarettes 28.3b 27.5b 27.2b 27.0b 27.8b 27.1b 26.3b 24.7 25.3 24.0
Smokeless Tobacco 6.3 6.0 5.3 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.6a 6.2 6.2 5.8
Cigars 8.5a 7.9 8.4a 8.6b 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.3
Pipe Tobacco 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.7a 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
ALCOHOL 61.9 61.5 61.3 62.7 61.3 60.9 62.5 61.7 61.6 61.4
Binge Alcohol Use2 30.7 30.1 30.4 29.6 30.8 31.4 31.8a 31.3 30.7 30.0
Heavy Alcohol Use2 10.0 9.5 9.8 9.3 9.9 10.1 10.1a 9.8 9.6 9.1
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 23.2b 23.1b 22.0 22.6a 22.5a 22.1 22.2 22.0 21.1 20.8
Cigarettes 22.5b 22.1b 21.3 21.9b 21.7b 21.4a 21.5a 21.4a 20.6 20.0
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4
Cigars 1.0a 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.5 1.4
Pipe Tobacco 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
ALCOHOL 46.6b 44.3b 45.4b 48.0 46.7b 47.9 47.6 48.5 48.7 49.3
Binge Alcohol Use2 13.0 12.6a 12.6a 13.2 12.8a 13.3 13.4 14.3 13.9 13.9
Heavy Alcohol Use2 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.6
120405
Table 7.33A – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 67,732 67,147 66,622 68,195a 69,596b 67,932 68,085 66,932 67,051 65,735
Cigarettes 57,928b 57,391a 56,897 57,799a 58,926b 57,688a 57,551a 56,507 56,295 54,880
Smokeless Tobacco 7,299 7,214 6,583b 7,158 7,625 7,440 8,150 8,032 8,309 7,726
Cigars 11,634 11,722 12,526 12,576 12,652 12,227 12,274 12,355 12,485 12,007
Pipe Tobacco 1,679 1,458a 1,657 2,032 2,147 1,863 1,707 1,873 2,000 1,955
ALCOHOL 115,455b 114,539b 116,498b 121,837b 121,133b 122,825b 125,213b 126,994a 128,055 130,059
Binge Alcohol Use2 51,146b 51,112b 51,931b 52,577b 54,058a 55,401 56,159 57,501 56,623 56,491
Heavy Alcohol Use2 15,231 15,492 16,018 15,424 16,354 16,431 16,877a 16,655a 16,490 15,486
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39,972 39,300 39,597 40,332 41,612b 40,587a 40,270 39,198 40,093 38,757
Cigarettes 31,080a 30,749 30,825a 30,924a 31,942b 31,338b 30,760 29,746 30,307 29,282
Smokeless Tobacco 6,806 6,618 6,209b 6,698 7,291 7,029 7,749 7,680 7,870 7,215
Cigars 9,879 9,583 10,523a 10,607a 10,383 10,190 10,296 10,073 10,044 9,617
Pipe Tobacco 1,398 1,279 1,469 1,768 1,912 1,678 1,389 1,624 1,641 1,627
ALCOHOL 63,009b 63,742b 64,101b 66,440b 65,935b 66,073b 68,081 68,450 69,055 69,039
Binge Alcohol Use2 34,014b 34,144b 34,699a 34,684a 35,985 36,780 37,244 37,470 37,078 36,371
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11,821 11,584 11,981 11,790 12,412a 12,423a 12,637a 12,338 12,203 11,428
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 27,761 27,847 27,025 27,863 27,984 27,345 27,815 27,734 26,958 26,979
Cigarettes 26,847 26,641 26,072 26,875 26,984a 26,349 26,791 26,761 25,989 25,598
Smokeless Tobacco 493 596 374 460 333 411 402 352 439 511
Cigars 1,755b 2,139 2,003a 1,969a 2,268 2,037a 1,978a 2,282 2,441 2,390
Pipe Tobacco 281 179b 189a 264 234 185b 318 249 359 328
ALCOHOL 52,446b 50,797b 52,396b 55,397b 55,198b 56,752b 57,133b 58,543b 59,000a 61,020
Binge Alcohol Use2 17,132b 16,968b 17,232b 17,893b 18,073b 18,621a 18,915a 20,030 19,544 20,121
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3,409a 3,908 4,037 3,634 3,942 4,008 4,241 4,316 4,287 4,058
120405
Table 7.33B – Tobacco Product and Alcohol Use in the Past Month among Persons Aged 18 or Older, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
2 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 32.2b 31.6b 30.9b 31.3b 31.5b 30.5b 30.3b 29.5a 29.2a 28.3
Cigarettes 27.5b 27.0b 26.4b 26.5b 26.7b 25.9b 25.6b 24.9b 24.6a 23.6
Smokeless Tobacco 3.5 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.3
Cigars 5.5 5.5 5.8b 5.8b 5.7b 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.2
Pipe Tobacco 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
ALCOHOL 54.9 53.9b 54.1b 55.9 54.9 55.2 55.7 55.9 55.9 55.9
Binge Alcohol Use2 24.3 24.0 24.1 24.1 24.5 24.9 25.0 25.3a 24.7 24.3
Heavy Alcohol Use2 7.2a 7.3a 7.4b 7.1 7.4b 7.4b 7.5b 7.3b 7.2a 6.7
MALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 39.6b 38.4b 38.2b 38.4b 39.1b 37.8b 37.1b 35.7 36.1a 34.6
Cigarettes 30.8b 30.1b 29.8b 29.5b 30.0b 29.2b 28.3b 27.1 27.3 26.2
Smokeless Tobacco 6.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.9 6.5 7.1 7.0 7.1 6.4
Cigars 9.8b 9.4 10.2b 10.1b 9.8b 9.5a 9.5a 9.2 9.1 8.6
Pipe Tobacco 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5
ALCOHOL 62.4 62.4 61.9 63.3 62.0 61.5 62.7 62.4 62.2 61.7
Binge Alcohol Use2 33.7 33.4 33.5 33.0 33.8 34.3a 34.3a 34.1a 33.4 32.5
Heavy Alcohol Use2 11.7b 11.3a 11.6b 11.2a 11.7b 11.6b 11.6b 11.2a 11.0 10.2
FEMALE                    
TOBACCO PRODUCTS1 25.4b 25.2b 24.2b 24.7b 24.5b 23.7a 23.9a 23.6a 22.8 22.3
Cigarettes 24.5b 24.1b 23.3b 23.8b 23.6b 22.9b 23.0b 22.8b 22.0 21.2
Smokeless Tobacco 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Cigars 1.6a 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.0
Pipe Tobacco 0.3 0.2a 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
ALCOHOL 47.9b 46.0b 46.9b 49.1 48.3b 49.3 49.1 49.8 49.9 50.5
Binge Alcohol Use2 15.7 15.4b 15.4a 15.8 15.8 16.2 16.3 17.0 16.5 16.7
Heavy Alcohol Use2 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.4
120405
Table 7.34A – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
Lifetime 20,911b 20,936b 20,709b 20,671b 20,584b 20,380b 19,929b 20,145b 19,196 18,669
Past Year 17,492b 17,554b 17,568b 17,729b 17,605b 17,366b 16,904a 17,081b 16,434 15,938
Past Month 10,713b 10,876b 10,838b 10,819b 10,831b 10,750b 10,083 10,392a 9,934 9,654
Binge Alcohol Use1 7,175b 7,190b 7,397b 7,197b 7,248b 7,198b 6,680a 6,945b 6,423 6,075
Heavy Alcohol Use1 2,301b 2,297b 2,375b 2,296b 2,361b 2,321b 2,136b 2,063b 1,940a 1,698
MALE                    
Lifetime 10,719b 10,537b 10,624b 10,500b 10,644b 10,471b 10,180b 10,576b 10,048a 9,484
Past Year 8,847b 8,735b 8,946b 8,927b 9,056b 8,903b 8,520a 8,949b 8,638b 8,004
Past Month 5,619b 5,720b 5,723b 5,658b 5,749b 5,618b 5,290 5,591b 5,517b 5,002
Binge Alcohol Use1 4,140b 4,162b 4,271b 4,175b 4,193b 4,172b 3,765a 4,046b 3,856b 3,416
Heavy Alcohol Use1 1,544b 1,506b 1,582b 1,492b 1,559b 1,537b 1,370b 1,374b 1,307b 1,088
FEMALE                    
Lifetime 10,192b 10,399b 10,085b 10,171b 9,940b 9,909a 9,750a 9,570 9,148 9,185
Past Year 8,645b 8,819b 8,622b 8,802b 8,549a 8,463 8,384 8,132 7,797 7,934
Past Month 5,094a 5,156a 5,115a 5,160b 5,082a 5,132a 4,793 4,801 4,417 4,652
Binge Alcohol Use1 3,035b 3,027a 3,127b 3,022a 3,055b 3,026a 2,915 2,900 2,566 2,659
Heavy Alcohol Use1 756a 791a 793a 803a 802b 783a 765a 690 634 610
120405
Table 7.34B – Alcohol Use in Lifetime, Past Year, and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by Gender: Percentages, 2002-2011
Gender/Alcohol Use 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days. Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days; all heavy alcohol users are also binge alcohol users.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
TOTAL                    
Lifetime 56.2b 55.8b 54.9b 53.9b 53.9b 53.0b 52.3b 52.7b 50.5b 48.5
Past Year 47.0b 46.8b 46.6b 46.3b 46.1b 45.2b 44.4b 44.7b 43.3b 41.4
Past Month 28.8b 29.0b 28.7b 28.2b 28.4b 28.0b 26.5a 27.2b 26.2 25.1
Binge Alcohol Use1 19.3b 19.2b 19.6b 18.8b 19.0b 18.7b 17.5b 18.2b 16.9a 15.8
Heavy Alcohol Use1 6.2b 6.1b 6.3b 6.0b 6.2b 6.0b 5.6b 5.4b 5.1a 4.4
MALE                    
Lifetime 56.5b 55.0b 54.9b 53.7b 54.1b 53.1b 52.1b 53.8b 51.3b 48.5
Past Year 46.6b 45.6b 46.3b 45.6b 46.0b 45.2b 43.6b 45.6b 44.1b 40.9
Past Month 29.6b 29.9b 29.6b 28.9b 29.2b 28.5b 27.1a 28.5b 28.1b 25.6
Binge Alcohol Use1 21.8b 21.7b 22.1b 21.3b 21.3b 21.2b 19.3b 20.6b 19.7b 17.5
Heavy Alcohol Use1 8.1b 7.9b 8.2b 7.6b 7.9b 7.8b 7.0b 7.0b 6.7b 5.6
FEMALE                    
Lifetime 56.0b 56.6b 54.8b 54.2b 53.8b 52.9b 52.5b 51.4b 49.8 48.5
Past Year 47.5b 48.0b 46.9b 46.9b 46.2b 45.2b 45.2b 43.7a 42.4 41.9
Past Month 28.0b 28.1b 27.8b 27.5b 27.5b 27.4b 25.8 25.8 24.0 24.6
Binge Alcohol Use1 16.7b 16.5b 17.0b 16.1b 16.5b 16.2b 15.7a 15.6a 14.0 14.0
Heavy Alcohol Use1 4.2a 4.3b 4.3b 4.3b 4.3b 4.2a 4.1a 3.7 3.4 3.2
120405
Table 7.35A – Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use and Perceived Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                    
Cigarettes                    
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 15,493b 15,899b 16,871b 17,158b 17,292b 17,177b 17,148b 15,929b 15,706b 16,327
Marijuana                    
Smoke Once a Month 7,918b 8,614b 8,699b 8,487b 8,664b 8,549b 8,206b 7,329b 7,078a 6,758
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 12,614b 13,449b 13,637b 13,777b 13,598b 13,613b 12,963b 11,880b 11,314a 10,986
Cocaine                    
Use Once a Month 12,296b 12,628b 12,320b 12,151b 12,193b 12,234b 12,061a 11,817 11,679 11,712
Use Once or Twice a Week 19,463b 19,835b 19,842b 19,894b 19,754b 19,530b 19,348a 18,894 18,649b 19,035
Heroin                    
Try Once or Twice 14,211b 14,400b 14,077a 13,994 14,163b 13,984 13,946 13,565 13,559 13,729
Use Once or Twice a Week 20,073b 20,244b 20,150b 20,276b 20,128b 19,942b 19,752b 19,386 19,035a 19,357
LSD                    
Try Once or Twice 12,499b 12,805b 12,692b 12,445b 12,418b 12,093b 11,840b 11,200 10,897 11,060
Use Once or Twice a Week 18,156b 18,475b 18,470b 18,361b 18,018b 17,618b 17,447b 16,746 16,274a 16,577
Alcohol                    
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 15,288b 15,277b 15,468b 16,028 16,259 16,265 16,203 15,611a 15,584a 15,973
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 9,379b 9,528b 9,514b 9,636a 9,868 9,797 9,879 9,620a 9,717 10,026
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                    
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                    
Marijuana 13,299b 13,084b 12,843b 12,601b 12,404b 12,053b 11,953b 11,941a 11,516 11,544
Cocaine 5,981b 6,010b 5,917b 6,073b 6,325b 5,909b 5,269b 4,909b 4,420a 4,178
Crack 6,324b 6,286b 6,069b 6,149b 6,376b 6,111b 5,533b 5,205b 4,653b 4,331
Heroin 3,765b 3,649b 3,373b 3,384b 3,477b 3,395b 3,055b 2,991b 2,679 2,542
LSD 4,562b 4,154b 4,035b 3,732b 3,310b 3,377b 3,199b 3,079a 2,925 2,851
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 4,121b 4,013b 4,103b 3,926b 3,885b 3,667a 3,418 3,531 3,474 3,438
120405
Table 7.35B – Perceived Risk of Harm Associated with Substance Use and Perceived Availability of Substances among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Percentages, 2002-2011
Risk/Availability 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Response categories for the Perception of Risk questions include "No risk," "Slight risk," "Moderate risk," and "Great risk." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Great risk." Respondents with unknown Perception of Risk data were excluded.
2 Respondents with unknown Perceived Availability data were excluded.
3 Response categories for the Perceived Availability questions pertaining to the listed illicit drugs include "Probably impossible," "Very difficult," "Fairly difficult," "Fairly easy," and "Very easy." The estimates in this table correspond to persons reporting "Fairly easy" or "Very easy."
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
PERCEPTIONS OF GREAT RISK1                    
Cigarettes                    
Smoke One or More Packs Per Day 63.1b 64.2b 67.5a 68.3b 68.7b 68.8b 69.5b 65.5 65.3 66.2
Marijuana                    
Smoke Once a Month 32.4b 34.9b 35.0b 34.0b 34.6b 34.4b 33.4b 30.3b 29.6b 27.6
Smoke Once or Twice a Week 51.5b 54.4b 54.7b 55.0b 54.2b 54.6b 52.8b 49.0b 47.2b 44.8
Cocaine                    
Use Once a Month 50.5b 51.4b 49.6a 48.8 49.0 49.6a 49.4 49.2 49.1 48.1
Use Once or Twice a Week 79.8b 80.7b 79.8b 79.9b 79.2a 78.9 79.1 78.4 78.3 78.1
Heroin                    
Try Once or Twice 58.5b 58.8b 57.0 56.5 57.2 56.9 57.4 56.7 57.4 56.6
Use Once or Twice a Week 82.5b 82.6b 81.4b 81.8b 81.2b 81.0a 81.3b 80.9a 80.4 79.7
LSD                    
Try Once or Twice 52.6b 53.4b 52.6b 51.7b 51.6b 51.0b 50.2b 48.1 47.8 47.0
Use Once or Twice a Week 76.2b 76.9b 76.4b 76.1b 74.7b 74.1b 73.8b 71.7a 71.3 70.4
Alcohol                    
Have Four or Five Drinks Nearly Every Day 62.2b 61.6b 61.8b 63.8 64.5 65.1 65.6 64.1 64.7 64.8
Have Five or More Drinks Once or Twice a Week 38.2b 38.5b 38.1b 38.4b 39.3a 39.3a 40.0 39.6 40.4 40.7
PERCEIVED AVAILABILITY2                    
Fairly or Very Easy to Obtain3                    
Marijuana 55.0b 53.6b 52.2b 51.0b 50.1b 49.2a 49.4a 50.0b 48.9 47.7
Cocaine 25.0b 25.0b 24.4b 24.9b 25.9b 24.5b 22.1b 20.9b 19.1b 17.5
Crack 26.5b 26.2b 25.0b 25.3b 26.2b 25.3b 23.2b 22.1b 20.1b 18.2
Heroin 15.8b 15.3b 14.0b 14.0b 14.4b 14.2b 12.9b 12.8b 11.6a 10.7
LSD 19.4b 17.6b 16.9b 15.7b 14.0b 14.4b 13.7b 13.4b 13.0 12.2
Approached in the Past Month by Someone Selling Drugs 16.7b 16.1b 16.3b 15.5b 15.3b 14.5 13.8 14.4 14.3 13.8
120409
Table 7.36A – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
5Smokeless Tobacco includes chewing tobacco or snuff.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656b 2,627b 2,784a 2,908 2,785a 2,672b 2,905 3,136 2,982 3,083
Marijuana and Hashish 2,196b 1,973b 2,142b 2,114b 2,061b 2,089b 2,224b 2,379 2,439 2,617
Cocaine 1,032b 986b 998b 872b 977b 906b 724 623 642 670
Crack 337b 269b 215b 230b 243b 353b 209b 95 83 76
Heroin 117 92b 118 108a 90b 106a 116 187 142 178
Hallucinogens 1,152 886b 934a 953a 1,118 1,061 1,132 1,276 1,240 1,137
LSD 338 200b 235b 243b 265a 271a 400 341 381 358
PCP 123b 105b 106b 77 70 58 53 45 46 48
Ecstasy 1,206b 642b 607b 615b 863 777 892 1,118a 949 922
Inhalants 849a 871a 857a 877a 783 777 738 822 800 719
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,552 2,583 2,836b 2,526 2,584 2,542 2,529 2,583 2,428 2,346
Pain Relievers 2,320b 2,456b 2,422b 2,193a 2,155 2,159 2,189a 2,193a 2,013 1,888
OxyContin® -- -- 615 526 535 557 483 588 600 483
Tranquilizers 1,184 1,071 1,180 1,286 1,118 1,231 1,134 1,234 1,244 1,204
Stimulants2 783 715 793 647 846 640 602 710 626 670
Sedatives 209 194 240 247 267a 198 183 186 253 159
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 2,569 2,523 2,664 2,768 2,722 2,567 2,711 2,825 2,667 2,553
CIGARETTES 1,940b 1,983b 2,122a 2,282 2,456 2,231 2,453 2,545 2,403 2,394
Daily Cigarette Use4 1,016 1,064a 1,101b 965 1,049a 983 945 1,136b 962 878
SMOKELESS TOBACCO5 951b 928b 999b 1,134 1,335 1,299 1,413 1,468 1,425 1,297
CIGARS 2,858 2,736 3,058 3,349b 3,061 3,078 2,918 3,146 2,950 2,800
ALCOHOL 3,942b 4,082b 4,396 4,274b 4,378 4,551 4,466 4,561 4,675 4,699
120409
Table 7.36B – Past Year Initiation of Substance Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
5Smokeless Tobacco includes chewing tobacco or snuff.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1a 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Marijuana and Hashish 0.9 0.8b 0.9a 0.9a 0.8b 0.8b 0.9a 0.9 1.0 1.0
Cocaine 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3
Crack 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.0 0.0 0.0
Heroin 0.0 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.5 0.4a 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
LSD 0.1 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.1a 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
PCP 0.1b 0.0b 0.0b 0.0a 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecstasy 0.5b 0.3b 0.3b 0.3b 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4a 0.4 0.4
Inhalants 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.4b 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1.1b 1.1b 1.2b 1.0 1.1a 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
Pain Relievers 1.0b 1.0b 1.0b 0.9b 0.9b 0.9a 0.9a 0.9a 0.8 0.7
OxyContin® -- -- 0.3a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Tranquilizers 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Stimulants2 0.3a 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3a 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3
Sedatives 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1a 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1a 1.1 1.0
CIGARETTES 0.8a 0.8a 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Daily Cigarette Use4 0.4b 0.4b 0.5b 0.4 0.4b 0.4 0.4 0.5b 0.4 0.3
SMOKELESS TOBACCO5 0.4b 0.4b 0.4a 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6a 0.6 0.5
CIGARS 1.2 1.2 1.3a 1.4b 1.2a 1.2a 1.2 1.2a 1.2 1.1
ALCOHOL 1.7a 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
120409
Table 7.37A – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4
Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2,656b 2,627b 2,784 2,908 2,785a 2,672b 2,905 3,136 2,982 3,083
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3                    
Marijuana and Hashish 1,555b 1,463b 1,516b 1,586b 1,508b 1,502b 1,649b 1,856a 1,848a 2,080
Cocaine 29a 21 43 29b 34a 16 24 8 4 6
Crack * * * 1 * * * * * *
Heroin 1 1 1 * 0 * 4 3 2 2
Hallucinogens 88 63 56 67 92 55 92 66 90 86
LSD 1 5 1 2 6 4 2 1 2 3
PCP 2 1 1 1 9 * 1 0 2 3
Ecstasy 52 37 26 23 46 15 28 30 41 42
Inhalants 246 340b 305a 331b 276 288 282 309a 268 232
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 742 742 869a 900a 878a 817 857 895 777 679
Pain Relievers 525 520 635b 596a 618a 508 652b 535 514 432
OxyContin® -- -- 1 8 1 2 6 24 15 29
Tranquilizers 64a 87 109 179 112 173 93 268 136 130
Stimulants2 92 102 99 73 114 108 88 61 73 80
Sedatives 61 34 27 52 35 28 24 30 57 36
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 1,104 1,164 1,269a 1,328b 1,282b 1,176 1,258a 1,281a 1,141 1,004
120409
Table 7.37B – Past Year Initiation of Illicit Drugs and First Drug Initiated in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older Who Initiated Illicit Drug Use in the Past Year: Percentages, 2002-2011
  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 First Drug Initiated is based on imputation-revised month and year and imputed day of first use for each drug. Respondents may be counted in more than one drug category if they reported initiating multiple drugs on the same day the first time they used drugs. Also, several drugs listed are subcategories of other drugs, and will have the same start date. Therefore, the sum of the estimates for the first drug or drugs initiated may not equal the total estimates for past year initiates.
4
Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
PAST YEAR INITIATION OF ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
FIRST DRUG INITIATED3                    
Marijuana and Hashish 58.6b 55.7b 54.5b 54.5b 54.1b 56.2b 56.7b 59.2b 62.0a 67.5
Cocaine 1.1a 0.8 1.5 1.0b 1.2a 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.1 0.2
Crack * * * 0.0 * * * * * *
Heroin 0.0 0.0 0.0 * 0.0 * 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 3.3 2.4 2.0 2.3 3.3 2.1 3.2 2.1 3.0 2.8
LSD 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
PCP 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 * 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Ecstasy 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.7 0.6 1.0 0.9 1.4 1.4
Inhalants 9.3 12.9b 10.9b 11.4b 9.9a 10.8b 9.7a 9.9a 9.0 7.5
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,4 28.0a 28.2a 31.2b 31.0b 31.5b 30.6b 29.5b 28.5a 26.1 22.0
Pain Relievers 19.8b 19.8a 22.8b 20.5b 22.2b 19.0a 22.5b 17.1 17.2 14.0
OxyContin® -- -- 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.5 1.0
Tranquilizers 2.4 3.3 3.9 6.2 4.0 6.5 3.2 8.5 4.6 4.2
Stimulants2 3.5 3.9 3.5 2.5 4.1 4.0 3.0 2.0 2.5 2.6
Sedatives 2.3 1.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.9 1.2
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1,2 41.6b 44.3b 45.6b 45.7b 46.0b 44.0b 43.3b 40.9b 38.3a 32.6
120409
Table 7.38B – Past Year Initiation of Nonmedical Methamphetamine Use among Persons Aged 12 or Older and Those at Risk for Initiation and Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates Aged 12 or Older Who Used Methamphetamine Nonmedically, by Demographic Characteristics: Numbers in Thousands and Percentages, 2002-2011
Estimate Type/Demographic Characteristic 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
NOTE: Estimates in this table do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 At Risk for Initiation is defined as persons who did not use the substance(s) in their lifetime or used the substance(s) for the first time in the past year.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
NUMBER OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES (1,000s)
                   
Total 299b 260b 318b 192a 259b 157 97 155 107 133
Gender                    
Male 141b 130b 142b 97a 90 54 42 73 48 53
Female 158b 129 176b 95 169a 103 55 82 59 80
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG TOTAL
POPULATION
                   
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Gender                    
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Female 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
PERCENTAGE OF PAST YEAR
INITIATES AMONG PERSONS
AT RISK FOR INITIATION1
                   
Total 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Gender                    
Male 0.1b 0.1b 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Female 0.1b 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
MEAN AGE AT FIRST USE
AMONG PAST YEAR INITIATES
                   
Total 18.9 20.4 22.1a 18.6 22.2 19.4 19.3 19.3 18.8 17.8
Age 12-49 18.9 20.4 20.6a 18.6 22.2 19.4 19.3 19.3 18.8 17.8
Gender/Age                    
Male 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 20.1 19.8 19.7 18.4 18.8
12-49 19.0 19.9 20.8 19.1 19.8 20.1 19.8 19.7 18.4 18.8
Female 18.8 20.8a 23.1a 18.1 23.5a 19.1 18.9 19.0 19.1 17.2
12-49 18.8 20.8a 20.4 18.1 23.5a 19.1 18.9 19.0 19.1 17.2
120409
Table 7.39B – Mean Age at First Use among Past Year Initiates of Substance Use Aged 12 to 49: 2002-2011
Substance 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Past Year Initiates are defined as persons who used the substance(s) for the first time in the 12 months prior to date of interview.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine initiation items added in 2007 or new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Daily Cigarette Use is defined as ever smoking every day for at least 30 days.
5Smokeless Tobacco includes chewing tobacco or snuff.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002- 2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 17.9 17.5 18.1 18.7 19.0 18.0 18.8 17.6 19.1 18.1
Marijuana and Hashish 17.0a 16.8b 17.1 17.4 17.4 17.6 17.8 17.0a 18.4 17.5
Cocaine 19.8 19.8 20.0 19.7 20.3 20.2 19.8 19.9 21.2 20.1
Crack 25.0a 21.8 21.9 23.4 22.8 29.6b 27.1b 20.6 24.8 20.8
Heroin 21.0 20.9 24.4 22.2 20.7 21.8 23.5 25.3 21.4 22.1
Hallucinogens 18.5 17.9 18.7 18.7 19.7 19.1 18.6 18.9 18.3 18.7
LSD 17.4a 17.2b 18.4 18.3 19.4 18.2 18.4 18.3 19.0 18.6
PCP 16.0 17.4 18.9 16.5 16.3 16.4 15.9 16.8 17.6 17.8
Ecstasy 21.2a 19.7 19.5 20.7 20.6 20.3 20.3 20.2 19.4 19.6
Inhalants 15.9 16.0 16.0 16.1 15.7 17.1 15.9 16.9 16.3 16.4
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 21.3 21.6 21.7 22.2 22.9 21.8 22.0 21.0 22.4 22.4
Pain Relievers 20.8 21.1 20.9 21.2 22.0 21.2 21.2 20.8 21.0 21.8
OxyContin® -- -- 22.9 23.2 22.6 24.0 21.7 22.3 22.8 22.8
Tranquilizers 23.8 22.7 24.4 25.7 24.0 24.5 24.4 22.4a 24.6 24.6
Stimulants2 19.2b 21.5 20.0a 20.1 23.0 21.9 21.3 21.5 21.2 22.2
Sedatives 26.6 21.2 23.5 22.9 26.5 24.3 21.6 19.7 23.5 22.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OTHER THAN MARIJUANA1,2 19.7 19.5 19.9 20.5 20.7 20.0 20.4 19.3 20.2 20.1
CIGARETTES 16.9 16.9 16.7 17.3 17.1 16.9 17.4 17.5 17.3 17.2
Daily Cigarette Use4 19.9 19.8 18.8 19.7 18.9 19.2 20.1 20.7 19.1 19.1
SMOKELESS TOBACCO5 19.1 18.1a 18.8 18.3a 19.0 18.0b 18.9 18.9 19.3 19.8
CIGARS 21.8b 20.3 20.2 21.2b 19.9 20.5 20.0 20.7 20.5 19.6
ALCOHOL 16.6a 16.4b 16.4b 16.4b 16.6b 16.8 17.0 16.9 17.1 17.1
120412
Table 7.40A – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 7,116 6,835 7,298b 6,833 7,024 6,866 7,012 7,114a 7,144 6,531
Marijuana and Hashish 4,294 4,198 4,469 4,090 4,184 3,941 4,228 4,322 4,505 4,165
Cocaine 1,488b 1,515b 1,571b 1,549b 1,665b 1,604b 1,412b 1,108a 1,012 821
Heroin 214b 189b 270 227b 324 214b 283 369 361 426
Hallucinogens 426 321 449 371 380 369 362 373 402 342
Inhalants 180 169 233b 221 176 164 175 164 169 141
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 2,018 1,923 2,048 1,959 2,036 2,167 2,177 2,297 2,378 2,139
Pain Relievers 1,509 1,424a 1,388b 1,546 1,636 1,715 1,715 1,878 1,923 1,768
Tranquilizers 509 435 573 419 403 443 453 476 522 400
Stimulants2 436 378 470a 409 388 405 351 380 358 329
Sedatives 154 158 128 97 121 154 127 147 162 78
ALCOHOL 18,100a 17,805a 18,654b 18,658b 18,852b 18,687b 18,478b 18,763b 17,967a 16,672
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 3,210b 3,054a 3,445b 3,273b 3,215b 3,184b 3,102b 3,243b 2,889 2,598
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 22,006a 21,586 22,506b 22,218b 22,661b 22,369b 22,388b 22,634b 22,221b 20,605
120412
Table 7.40B – Substance Dependence or Abuse for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Past Year Dependence or Abuse 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 3.0b 2.9b 3.0b 2.8a 2.9b 2.8 2.8a 2.8a 2.8a 2.5
Marijuana and Hashish 1.8a 1.8 1.9b 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.6
Cocaine 0.6b 0.6b 0.7b 0.6b 0.7b 0.6b 0.6b 0.4a 0.4 0.3
Heroin 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Hallucinogens 0.2a 0.1 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1
Inhalants 0.1 0.1 0.1b 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Pain Relievers 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Tranquilizers 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Stimulants2 0.2 0.2 0.2a 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
ALCOHOL 7.7b 7.5b 7.8b 7.7b 7.7b 7.5b 7.4b 7.5b 7.1b 6.5
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1.4b 1.3b 1.4b 1.3b 1.3b 1.3b 1.2b 1.3b 1.1 1.0
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 9.4b 9.1b 9.4b 9.1b 9.2b 9.0b 9.0b 9.0b 8.8b 8.0
120412
Table 7.41A – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 4,636 4,374 4,852 4,718 4,840 4,696 4,879 4,888 4,848 4,566
Marijuana and Hashish 2,614 2,520 2,670 2,619 2,625 2,508 2,701 2,644 2,813 2,641
Cocaine 1,025b 961b 1,175b 1,144b 1,205b 1,166b 959b 741 689 581
Heroin 198a 169b 226a 199a 298 179b 254 324 321 369
Hallucinogens 136 135 180 143 119 107 126 185 158 143
Inhalants 47 37 90 46 48 45 83 64 65 47
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 1,242a 1,275a 1,395 1,366 1,312a 1,556 1,525 1,731 1,758 1,625
Pain Relievers 936b 943b 970b 1,102a 1,073a 1,270 1,240 1,407 1,400 1,370
Tranquilizers 251 196 252 243 178 201 233 261 313 178
Stimulants2 259 260 359 273 276 303 234 299 251 252
Sedatives 131 112 89 54 53 94 92 115 130 67
ALCOHOL 8,222 7,563 8,355 7,974 8,423 8,468 8,825b 8,945b 8,340 7,756
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 1,334 1,066 1,414 1,366 1,330 1,372 1,323 1,379 1,171 1,159
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 11,524 10,871 11,794 11,326 11,933 11,792 12,381b 12,453b 12,017 11,163
120412
Table 7.41B – Substance Dependence for Specific Substances in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Past Year Dependence 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates in these designated rows do not include data from new methamphetamine use items added in 2005 and 2006.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ILLICIT DRUGS1,2 2.0 1.8 2.0a 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.8
Marijuana and Hashish 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0
Cocaine 0.4b 0.4b 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.5b 0.4b 0.3 0.3 0.2
Heroin 0.1a 0.1b 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1b 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Hallucinogens 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Inhalants 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics2,3 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6
Pain Relievers 0.4a 0.4a 0.4a 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Tranquilizers 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Stimulants2 0.1 0.1 0.1a 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sedatives 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
ALCOHOL 3.5b 3.2 3.5b 3.3 3.4b 3.4b 3.5b 3.6b 3.3 3.0
BOTH ILLICIT DRUGS AND ALCOHOL1,2 0.6a 0.4 0.6a 0.6a 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1,2 4.9b 4.6 4.9b 4.7 4.9b 4.8a 5.0b 4.9b 4.7a 4.3
120405
Table 7.42A – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Location/Substance for Which
Treatment Was Received in
Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient only), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION                    
Illicit Drugs1 2,013 1,802 2,192 2,172 2,460a 2,182 2,093 2,306 2,201 2,017
Alcohol 2,405 2,359 2,658 2,843 2,764 2,744 2,911 3,081 2,868 2,644
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 1,319 1,255 1,467 1,522 1,571a 1,416 1,324 1,535 1,313 1,211
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 3,483 3,327 3,791 3,930 4,031 3,927 4,061 4,276 4,152 3,764
SPECIALTY FACILITY                    
Illicit Drugs1 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,578 1,362 1,211 1,484 1,518 1,354
Alcohol 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,553 1,575 1,564 1,709 1,591 1,472
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 709 595 718 748 734 624 580 750 629 574
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308 2,533 2,430 2,293 2,627 2,594 2,325
120405
Table 7.42B – Received Substance Use Treatment at Any Treatment Location or at a Specialty Facility in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Location/Substance for Which
Treatment Was Received in
Past Year
2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Received Substance Use Treatment refers to treatment received in order to reduce or stop illicit drug or alcohol use, or for medical problems associated with illicit drug or alcohol use. Treatment at Any Treatment Location includes treatment received at any location, such as a hospital (inpatient), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), mental health center, emergency room, private doctor's office, self-help group, or prison/jail. Treatment at a Specialty Facility refers to treatment received at a hospital (inpatient only), rehabilitation facility (inpatient or outpatient), or mental health center.
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
2 Estimates include persons who received treatment specifically for illicit drugs or alcohol, as well as persons who received treatment but did not specify for what substance(s).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
ANY TREATMENT LOCATION                    
Illicit Drugs1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0b 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Alcohol 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2a 1.1 1.0
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.6a 0.6a 0.6 0.5 0.6a 0.5 0.5
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7a 1.6 1.5
SPECIALTY FACILITY                    
Illicit Drugs1 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Alcohol 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol1,2 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
120405
Table 7.43A – Need for and Receipt of Treatment at a Specialty Facility for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2011
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1)  dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR
ILLICIT DRUGS1
7,748 7,333 8,053b 7,550 7,762 7,558 7,580 7,863a 7,936a 7,186
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,412 1,103 1,427 1,280 1,578 1,362 1,211 1,484 1,518 1,354
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 6,335 6,230 6,626b 6,269 6,184 6,196 6,369a 6,379 6,418a 5,832
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 18,638a 18,215 19,360b 19,378b 19,568b 19,350b 19,102b 19,420b 18,633a 17,389
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1,549 1,298 1,535 1,626 1,553 1,575 1,564 1,709 1,591 1,472
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 17,089a 16,917 17,824b 17,752b 18,015b 17,775b 17,537b 17,711b 17,042a 15,917
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1
22,811a 22,165 23,476b 23,172b 23,635b 23,265b 23,208b 23,632b 23,209b 21,579
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2,346 1,874a 2,327 2,308 2,533 2,430 2,293 2,627 2,594 2,325
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 20,465a 20,290 21,149b 20,864b 21,102b 20,835b 20,914b 21,005b 20,615a 19,254
120405
Table 7.43B – Need for and Receipt of Treatment at a Specialty Facility for a Substance Use Problem in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 or Older: Percentages, 2002-2011
Substance/Substance Treatment Status 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Respondents were classified as needing treatment for a substance use problem if they met at least one of three criteria during the past year: (1)  dependent on the substance; (2) abuse of the substance; or (3) received treatment for substance use at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facility [inpatient or outpatient], hospital [inpatient only], or mental health center).
a Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between estimate and 2011 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.01 level.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically, including data from original methamphetamine questions but not including new methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2011.
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR
ILLICIT DRUGS1
3.3b 3.1a 3.3b 3.1a 3.2b 3.0 3.0a 3.1b 3.1a 2.8
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 2.7b 2.6b 2.8b 2.6b 2.5a 2.5a 2.5b 2.5a 2.5a 2.3
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR ALCOHOL 7.9b 7.7b 8.0b 8.0b 8.0b 7.8b 7.6b 7.7b 7.3b 6.8
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 7.3b 7.1b 7.4b 7.3b 7.3b 7.2b 7.0b 7.0b 6.7a 6.2
NEEDED TREATMENT FOR
ILLICIT DRUGS OR ALCOHOL1
9.7b 9.3b 9.8b 9.5b 9.6b 9.4b 9.3b 9.4b 9.2b 8.4
Received Treatment at a Specialty Facility 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
Did Not Receive Treatment at a Specialty Facility 8.7b 8.5b 8.8b 8.6b 8.6b 8.4b 8.4b 8.3b 8.1b 7.5
120405
Table 7.44B – Marijuana Use in the Past Month, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2011
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates were adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted by formally modeling the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, using 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2011 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2011.
1971 5.1 17.3 5.7
1972 6.0 27.8 10.3
1974 10.2 25.2 9.1
1976 10.5 25.0 12.5
1977 14.1 27.4 13.7
1979 14.2 35.6 19.7
1982 9.9 27.2 19.0
1985 10.2 21.7 19.0
1988 5.4 15.3 12.3
1990 4.4 12.7 9.5
1991 3.6 12.9 7.7
1992 3.4 10.9 9.3
1993 4.0 11.1 7.5
1994 6.0 12.1 6.9
1995 8.2 12.0 6.7
1996 7.1 13.2 6.3
1997 9.4 12.8 6.0
1998 8.3 13.8 5.5
1999 7.2 14.2 5.4
2000 7.2 13.6 5.9
2001 8.0 16.0 6.8
2002 8.2 17.3 7.7
2003 7.9 17.0 8.4
2004 7.6 16.1 8.3
2005 6.8 16.6 8.6
2006 6.7 16.3 8.5
2007 6.7 16.5 7.9
2008 6.7 16.6 8.8
2009 7.4 18.2 9.6
2010 7.4 18.5 10.6
2011 7.9 19.0 10.2
120405
Table 7.45B – Cocaine Use in the Past Year, by Age Group: Percentages, 1971-2011
Survey Year Aged 12-17 Aged 18-25 Aged 26-34
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Some 2006 to 2010 estimates may differ from previously published estimates due to updates (see Section B.3 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings).
NOTE: Estimates for 1971 through 1977 for youths aged 12 to 17 and for adults aged 26 to 34 may differ from estimates for these age groups for these survey years that were published in other NSDUH reports. The estimates shown here for these survey years have been adjusted to improve their comparability with estimates based on later versions of the NSDUH instrument. Estimates have been adjusted by applying the ratio of the adjusted and unadjusted rate from 1979 for each age group to the original estimate.
NOTE: Estimates for 1979 through 1993 have been adjusted for comparability with estimates for 1994 through 1998. Estimates were adjusted using a simple ratio correction factor that measured the effect of the new methodology, relative to the old methodology, estimated at the total population level using pooled 1993 and 1994 data. See Appendix E of the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main Findings 1998 (http://oas.samhsa.gov/nsduh/reports.htm) for further information on the adjustment procedures.
NOTE: Estimates for 1999 through 2011 have not been adjusted for comparability. See Appendix C of the Results from the 2004 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings for information on the comparability of the 1999 and later estimates with pre-1999 estimates.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 1971-2011.
1971 -- -- --
1972 1.3 -- --
1974 2.3 7.0 --
1976 2.0 6.1 --
1977 2.2 8.8 --
1979 3.6 17.0 5.7
1982 3.7 15.9 9.3
1985 3.4 13.6 10.5
1988 2.5 10.5 7.0
1990 1.9 6.5 5.9
1991 1.3 6.7 4.4
1992 1.0 5.5 4.3
1993 0.7 4.4 3.8
1994 1.1 3.6 3.5
1995 1.7 4.3 3.1
1996 1.4 4.7 3.5
1997 2.2 3.9 3.1
1998 1.7 4.7 2.7
1999 1.6 5.2 2.4
2000 1.7 4.4 2.1
2001 1.5 5.7 2.7
2002 2.1 6.7 3.6
2003 1.8 6.6 4.1
2004 1.6 6.6 4.0
2005 1.7 6.9 3.1
2006 1.6 6.9 4.4
2007 1.5 6.4 3.6
2008 1.2 5.6 4.0
2009 1.0 5.3 3.4
2010 1.0 4.7 3.6
2011 0.9 4.6 2.3

Go to Top of PageGo to the Table of Contents

This is the page footer.

This page was last updated on  .