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Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 740
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 63
Metro area population, 2007 4,467,592
Population covered by DAWN 4,375,580
Percent of population covered by DAWN 98%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2007
Metro area component Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (5) 740 16.9 63 1.4 4,375,580
1. Lapeer County, MI*         92,012
2. Livingston County, MI 14 7.6 0 0.0 183,194
3. Macomb County, MI 130 15.6 29 3.5 831,077
4. Oakland County, MI 150 12.4 16 1.3 1,206,089
5. St. Clair County, MI 28 16.5 3 1.8 170,119
6. Wayne County, MI 418 21.1 15 0.8 1,985,101

Deaths by manner of death, 2007
Suicide 7.8%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 20.9%
Accidental 71.1%
Natural 0.1%

Place of death, 2007
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 257
Home 410
Public place 9
Other 64
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 12
Home 46
Public place --
Other --
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2007
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 46 511 557
Cocaine 93 222 315
Benzodiazepines 0 188 188
Alcohol 0 181 181
Antidepressants 6 153 159

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2007
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Benzodiazepines 0 28 28
Opiates/opioids 2 24 26
Antidepressants 2 24 26
Alcohol 0 19 19
Miscellaneous analgesics/combinations 0 17 17

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2007
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 24.1
Female 10.1

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 2.1
21 to 34 17.0
35 to 54 34.8
55 and over 11.3

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2007
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.5
Female 1.4

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.1
21 to 34 1.1
35 to 54 2.6
55 and over 1.8

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2006-2007
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2006 Deaths, 2007 Single-drug deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2006 Deaths, 2007 Single-drug deaths, 2007
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 884 740 150 60 63 11
Alcohol* 210 181 0 21 19 0
Cocaine 405 315 93 -- -- --
Marijuana 49 39 0 -- -- 0
Stimulants 11 11 0 -- 4 0
Club drugs -- -- 0 0 -- 0
Hallucinogens†† 0 -- 0 0 0 0
Inhalants 9 8 0 -- -- 0
Antidepressants 118 159 6 34 26 --
Antipsychotics 38 62 -- 10 8 --
Benzodiazepines 181 188 0 20 28 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 80 112 0 6 14 --
Opiates/opioids 713 557 46 27 26 --
– Heroin (specified) 151 157 0 0 0 0
– Methadone 117 123 15 4 -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 653 481 31 24 26 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 6 -- 0 -- 0 0
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 0 -- -- --
Misc. analgesics/combinations 65 70 -- 14 17 0
Anticonvulsants 9 25 -- 7 4 0
Muscle relaxants 43 47 -- 4 5 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2007 (08/2008 update).

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