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Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 283
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 48
Metro area population, 2005 5,251,629
Population covered by DAWN 5,202,469
Percent of population covered by DAWN 99%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2005
Metro area component Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (19) 283 5.4 48 0.9 5,202,469
1. District of Columbia 125 21.5 10 1.7 582,049
2. Calvert County, MD 6 6.8 0 0.0 87,622
3. Charles County, MD 5 3.6 1 0.7 138,106
4. Frederick County, MD 14 6.4 3 1.4 220,409
5. Montgomery County, MD 40 4.3 8 0.9 927,405
6. Prince George's County, MD 49 5.8 4 0.5 842,764
7. Alexandria City, VA 3 2.2 0 0.0 137,602
8. Arlington County, VA 2 1.0 3 1.5 199,761
9. Clarke County, VA 1 7.1 0 0.0 14,154
10. Fairfax County, VA 22 2.1 8 0.8 1,031,837
11. Falls Church City, VA 0 0.0 0 0.0 10,764
12. Fauquier County, VA 2 3.1 2 3.1 64,834
13. Fredericksburg City, VA 1 4.8 1 4.8 20,672
14. Loudoun County, VA 2 0.8 0 0.0 256,417
15. Manassas City, VA 2 5.3 0 0.0 37,499
16. Prince William County, VA 7 1.9 5 1.4 360,887
17. Spotsylvania County, VA 0 0.0 1 0.9 116,312
18. Stafford County, VA 1 0.8 2 1.7 117,968
19. Warren County, VA 1 2.8 0 0.0 35,407
20. Jefferson County, WV*         49,160

Deaths by manner of death, 2005
Suicide 14.5%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 33.8%
Natural/accidental 51.7%

Place of death, 2005
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 117
Home 108
Public place 16
Other 40
Not documented --

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 13
Home 29
Public place --
Other --
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 48 132 180
Cocaine 62 87 149
Alcohol 3 66 69
Antidepressants 2 20 22
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 1 16 17

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 4 16 20
Opiates/opioids 2 15 17
Alcohol 0 15 15
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 1 12 13
Miscellaneous analgesics/combinations 2 7 9

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 7.7
Female 3.3

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.8
21 to 34 3.9
35 to 54 12.0
55 and over 3.1

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related suicide, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 0.9
Female 0.9

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.1
21 to 34 1.2
35 to 54 1.1
55 and over 1.4

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2004-2005
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005 Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 265 283 123 40 48 17
Alcohol* 74 69 -- 6 15 0
Cocaine 125 149 62 4 -- 0
Marijuana -- -- 0 0 0 0
Stimulants -- -- -- 0 0 0
Club drugs -- 0 0 0 0 0
Hallucinogens†† 5 4 0 -- -- 0
Inhalants -- 0 0 -- -- 0
Antidepressants 35 22 -- 17 20 4
Antipsychotics 9 -- -- -- 5 0
Benzodiazepines 18 17 -- 5 6 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 15 17 -- 14 13 --
Opiates/opioids 179 180 48 16 17 --
– Heroin (specified) 24 17 -- 0 0 0
– Methadone 36 51 14 6 -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 140 134 32 12 17 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 0 -- 0
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 0 -- -- --
Misc. analgesics/combinations 13 13 -- 7 9 --
Anticonvulsants -- -- 0 -- 4 --
Muscle relaxants 5 5 0 -- -- --

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2005 (08/2008 update).

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