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Massachusetts

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 863
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 88
State population, 2005 6,433,367
Population covered by DAWN 6,433,367
Percent of population covered by DAWN 100%

State overview: Deaths and population by county, 2005
Counties Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Total participating (14) 863 13.5 88 1.4 6,433,367
1. Barnstable County 33 14.6 4 1.8 226,161
2. Berkshire County 11 8.3 2 1.5 131,783
3. Bristol County 105 19.2 3 0.5 545,861
4. Dukes County 0 0.0 0 0.0 15,553
5. Essex County 116 15.8 11 1.5 734,261
6. Franklin County 4 5.5 0 0.0 72,310
7. Hampden County 64 13.9 12 2.6 460,828
8. Hampshire County 10 6.5 4 2.6 153,353
9. Middlesex County 150 10.2 20 1.4 1,464,985
10. Nantucket County 0 0.0 0 0.0 10,139
11. Norfolk County 60 9.2 11 1.7 652,530
12. Plymouth County 65 13.2 7 1.4 491,934
13. Suffolk County 155 22.4 3 0.4 691,965
14. Worcester County 90 11.5 11 1.4 781,704

Deaths by manner of death, 2005
Suicide 9.5%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 7.5%
Natural/accidental 83.0%

Place of death, 2005
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 359
Home 366
Public place 32
Other 106
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 16
Home 54
Public place 5
Other 13
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 178 457 635
Cocaine 63 293 356
Alcohol 7 250 257
Antidepressants 10 82 92
Benzodiazepines 4 71 75

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 6 23 29
Alcohol 1 28 29
Opiates/opioids 5 18 23
Antipsychotics 1 16 17
Cocaine 3 12 15

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 19.1
Female 8.2

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 1.8
21 to 34 19.6
35 to 54 26.8
55 and over 4.8

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related suicide, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.5
Female 1.3

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.2
21 to 34 1.7
35 to 54 2.3
55 and over 1.2

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2004-2005
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005 Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS   863 311   88 28
Alcohol*   257 7   29 --
Cocaine   356 63   15 --
Marijuana   15 --   0 0
Stimulants   6 0   0 0
Club drugs   4 --   0 0
Hallucinogens††   0 0   0 0
Inhalants   -- --   -- --
Antidepressants   92 10   29 6
Antipsychotics   30 4   17 --
Benzodiazepines   75 4   10 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics   14 0   9 --
Opiates/opioids   635 178   23 5
– Heroin (specified)   149 60   -- 0
– Methadone   103 25   -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids   424 93   21 5
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents   -- 0   -- 0
Salicylates/combinations   7 5   4 --
Misc. analgesics/combinations   13 --   6 --
Anticonvulsants   -- 0   -- 0
Muscle relaxants   -- --   0 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2005 (08/2008 update).

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