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Detroit-Warren-Livonia, MI

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 719
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 53
Metro area population, 2005 4,479,254
Population covered by DAWN 4,204,630
Percent of population covered by DAWN 94%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2005
Metro area component Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (4) 719 17.1 53 1.3 4,204,630
1. Lapeer County, MI*         93,220
2. Livingston County, MI*         181,404
3. Macomb County, MI 111 13.4 16 1.9 828,950
4. Oakland County, MI 144 11.9 17 1.4 1,213,669
5. St. Clair County, MI 26 15.2 0 0.0 171,079
6. Wayne County, MI 438 22.0 20 1.0 1,990,932

Deaths by manner of death, 2005
Suicide 6.9%
Homicide 0.3%
Could not be determined 25.5%
Natural/accidental 67.4%

Place of death, 2005
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 239
Home 390
Public place 10
Other 79
Not documented --

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 8
Home 31
Public place 4
Other 10
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 69 490 559
Cocaine 94 231 325
Alcohol 0 163 163
Benzodiazepines 0 143 143
Antidepressants 2 81 83

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2005
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 2 26 28
Benzodiazepines 2 17 19
Miscellaneous analgesics/combinations 2 15 17
Antidepressants 1 15 16
Alcohol 0 16 16

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 23.8
Female 10.7

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 1.8
21 to 34 20.4
35 to 54 37.9
55 and over 6.2

Gender and age death rates: Drug-related suicide, 2005
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.1
Female 1.4

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.1
21 to 34 1.4
35 to 54 2.6
55 and over 0.9

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2004-2005
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005 Deaths, 2004 Deaths, 2005 Single-drug deaths, 2005
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 645 719 171 51 53 9
Alcohol* 157 163 0 17 16 0
Cocaine 322 325 94 9 8 0
Marijuana 46 45 0 9 4 0
Stimulants 4 6 0 0 -- 0
Club drugs -- 4 0 0 0 0
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inhalants 4 5 -- 0 0 0
Antidepressants 142 83 -- 19 16 --
Antipsychotics 35 22 -- 8 5 0
Benzodiazepines 194 143 0 17 19 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 118 50 0 7 14 --
Opiates/opioids 514 559 69 21 28 --
– Heroin (specified) 194 108 0 0 -- 0
– Methadone 82 95 13 -- -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 465 511 56 19 27 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents -- -- 0 0 0 0
Salicylates/combinations -- 0 0 -- -- 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations 30 41 4 6 17 --
Anticonvulsants 12 6 0 -- -- 0
Muscle relaxants 45 35 0 5 -- 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.

SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2005 (08/2008 update).

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