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Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV

Drug misuse deaths reported to DAWN 265
Suicide deaths reported to DAWN 40
Metro area population, 2004 5,139,549
Population covered by DAWN 5,091,886
Percent of population covered by DAWN 99%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2004
Metro area component Drug misuse Suicide Total
population
Deaths Rate1 Deaths Rate1
§ Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
* Indicates area featured in Spotlight section.
1 Deaths per 1,000,000 population.
Total participating (19) 265 52.0 40 7.9 5,091,886
1. District of Columbia* 96 173.4 9 16.3 553,523
2. Calvert County, MD 5 57.8 1 11.6 86,474
3. Charles County, MD 9 66.3 3 22.1 135,807
4. Frederick County, MD 15 68.9 0 0.0 217,653
5. Montgomery County, MD 34 36.9 4 4.3 921,690
6. Prince George's County, MD 49 58.1 1 1.2 842,967
7. Alexandria city, VA 4 31.2 0 0.0 128,206
8. Arlington County, VA 4 21.5 5 26.9 186,117
9. Clarke County, VA 0 0.0 0 0.0 13,852
10. Fairfax County, VA 14 13.7 8 7.8 1,025,219
11. Falls Church city, VA 1 92.8 0 0.0 10,781
12. Fauquier County, VA 5 79.0 0 0.0 63,255
13. Fredericksburg city, VA 3 146.6 0 0.0 20,458
14. Loudoun County, VA 5 20.9 3 12.5 239,156
15. Manassas city, VA 3 79.8 0 0.0 37,615
16. Prince William County, VA 10 28.7 2 5.7 348,105
17. Spotsylvania County, VA 2 17.9 3 26.8 111,850
18. Stafford County, VA 1 8.7 1 8.7 114,781
19. Warren County, VA 5 145.4 0 0.0 34,377
20. Jefferson County, WV§         47,663

Deaths by case type, 2004
Suicide 13.1%
Overmedication 10.2%
Homicide 0.0%
All other accidental 40.7%
Could not be determined 36.1%

Place of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Health care facility 101
Home 99
Public place 11
Other 44
Not documented 10

Suicide Deaths
Health care facility 10
Home 24
Public place --
Other 5
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug misuse deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 45 134 179
Cocaine 48 77 125
Alcohol 5 69 74
Antidepressants 0 35 35
Benzodiazepines 0 18 18

Top 5 drugs involved: Suicide deaths, 2004
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Antidepressants 2 15 17
Opiates/opioids 5 11 16
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 1 13 14
Misc. analgesics/combinations 0 7 7
Alcohol 0 6 6

Death rates by gender and age: Drug misuse, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 72.2
Female 32.5

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 7.4
21 to 34 56.0
35 to 54 107.4
55 and over 23.1

Death rates by gender and age: Suicide, 2004
Gender Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Male 8.8
Female 6.9

Age Deaths per 1,000,000 population
Under 21 2.0
21 to 34 7.9
35 to 54 11.7
55 and over 10.1

Causes of death, 2004
Drug misuse Deaths
Any drug-related cause 257
– Abuse 5
– Drug or alcohol 257
– Toxic effects 245
Body systems (includes infections) 53
Accidents and injuries 7

Suicide Deaths
Any drug-related cause 39
– Abuse 0
– Drug or alcohol 39
– Toxic effects 34
Body systems (includes infections) --
Accidents and injuries 4

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2003-2004
Drug category Drug misuse Suicide
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
Deaths,
2003
Deaths,
2004
Single-drug
deaths,
2004
2 Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
3 Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
4 Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS   265 104   40 17
Alcohol2   74 5   6 0
Cocaine   125 48   4 --
Marijuana   -- 0   0 0
Stimulants   -- 0   0 0
Club drugs3   -- --   0 0
Hallucinogens4   5 --   -- --
Inhalants   -- --   -- 0
 
Antidepressants   35 0   17 --
Antipsychotics   9 0   -- --
Benzodiazepines   18 0   5 0
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics   15 0   14 --
Opiates/opioids   179 45   16 5
– Heroin (specified)   24 9   0 0
– Methadone   36 10   6 --
– All other opiates/opioids   133 26   12 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents   0 0   0 0
Salicylates/combinations   0 0   -- --
Misc. analgesics/combinations   13 0   7 0
Anticonvulsants   -- 0   -- 0
Muscle relaxants   5 --   -- 0

End Notes
-- Indicates a number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network 2004 (11/2005 update).

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