Table 4
Admissions by primary substance of abuse, according to type of service, source of referral to treatment, and opioid treatment: TEDS 2003
Percent distribution
[Based on administrative data reported to TEDS by all reporting States and jurisdictions.]
Type of service, source of referral to treatment, and opioid treatment All admis-sions Primary substance at admission
Alcohol Opiates Cocaine Mari-juana/ hashish Stimulants Tran-quil-izers Seda-tives Hallu-cino-gens PCP Inhal-ants Other/ none speci-fied
Alcohol only With secondary drug Heroin Other opiates Smoked cocaine Other route Metham-phetamine/ amphet-amine Other stimu-lants
Total  1,841,522 426,720 341,278 272,815 51,071 180,851 68,705 284,532 135,737 1,227 7,993 4,134 2,190 4,086 1,170 59,013
Type of service                
Ambulatory  61.2  57.8  56.1  51.4  54.9  51.4  61.6  83.7  64.6  68.1  48.7  55.0  68.1  64.3  61.5  80.6
Outpatient  49.1  48.1  45.7  38.1  40.6  38.3  46.9  68.1  52.0  59.1  37.2  43.3  54.3  52.0  48.4  74.0
Intensive outpatient  10.1   8.8   9.9   4.6  10.5  12.2  13.9  14.8  12.5   8.9   9.8  10.7  13.2  12.1  12.7   5.8
Detoxification   2.0   0.9   0.5   8.7   3.8   0.8   0.7   0.7   0.1   0.2   1.7   1.0   0.6   0.2   0.3   0.8
Residential/
rehabilitation
 16.9  11.0  19.8  13.8  15.9  27.9  25.5  13.8  25.6  14.7  16.9  22.8  24.3  25.9  22.7   9.2
Short-term (<31 days)   8.1   6.1  11.6   5.9   9.3  12.2  11.1   5.6   9.3   5.5   9.0  13.1  10.6   7.8  10.3   2.9
Long-term (31+ days)   8.1   3.9   7.3   7.3   5.5  15.2  12.9   7.7  15.8   8.4   6.1   8.5  13.0  17.4  10.9   5.0
Hospital (non-detox)   0.8   1.0   0.8   0.6   1.1   0.6   1.4   0.6   0.5   0.7   1.8   1.2   0.7   0.6   1.5   1.4
Detoxification
(24-hour service)
 21.9  31.2  24.1  34.7  29.2  20.7  13.0   2.5   9.8  17.2  34.4  22.3   7.5   9.9  15.8  10.2
Free-standing residential  17.3  25.9  18.1  23.9  23.8  18.8  11.3   2.3   9.5  16.2  20.3  16.7   6.6   9.6  15.1   6.4
Hospital inpatient   4.6   5.3   6.0  10.8   5.4   1.9   1.7   0.2   0.3   1.0  14.1   5.5   1.0   0.2   0.7   3.8
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,841,522 426,720 341,278 272,815 51,071 180,851 68,705 284,532 135,737 1,227 7,993 4,134 2,190 4,086 1,170 59,013
Source of referral to treatment                
Criminal justice/DUI  36.0  40.4  33.8  14.3  15.6  25.8  35.2  57.0  50.9  34.4  19.5  26.7  44.9  52.5  31.3  28.9
Individual  34.0  30.6  31.0  59.3  50.2  40.1  31.5  16.5  24.8  29.5  38.4  36.4  24.4  25.7  29.6  39.7
Substance abuse provider  10.6   9.0  14.3  14.7  14.1  14.3  12.2   5.4   4.9   9.0  16.6  12.6  10.4   7.0   9.0   2.6
Other health care provider   7.1   8.6   7.9   4.8  10.6   7.6   7.5   5.0   5.2   7.4  15.4  11.7   8.7   4.0  13.1  10.7
School (educational)   1.3   0.7   0.9   0.1   0.3   0.2   0.3   4.5   0.4   2.4   0.6   1.2   1.1   0.3   4.5   5.2
Employer/EAP   1.0   1.3   1.0   0.3   1.3   0.7   1.9   1.2   0.5   0.9   0.9   1.1   0.6   0.5   0.5   1.0
Other community referral  10.1   9.4  11.1   6.5   7.9  11.3  11.4  10.4  13.4  16.4   8.4  10.2   9.8   9.9  11.9  11.9
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,744,858 406,746 323,566 251,697 48,698 176,611 60,803 272,531 131,600 1,179 7,640 3,900 2,060 3,806 1,107 52,914
Opioid treatment1                
Yes   5.7   0.4   0.3  31.9  17.0   0.4   0.7   0.4   0.3   1.0   1.5   1.3   1.6   0.5   0.8   1.0
No  94.3  99.6  99.7  68.1  83.0  99.6  99.3  99.6  99.7  99.0  98.5  98.7  98.4  99.5  99.2  99.0
Total  100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No. of admissions  1,744,553 405,553 321,354 268,236 48,676 173,754 66,206 268,138 121,448 1,170 7,666 3,842 1,993 4,039 1,089 51,389
1 Treatment with the medications methadone, LAAM, or buprenorphine.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Data received through 4.11.05.