Go to the Table Of Contents Click the TOC button to select tables for a specific state, census region or the U.S.

101029

UNITED STATES

Table 1. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the United States, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The numbers in this table are based on national design-based estimates.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 20,945 2,388 6,794 11,763 18,557
Past Year Marijuana Use 27,145 3,288 9,673 14,183 23,857
Past Month Marijuana Use 15,960 1,728 5,754 8,478 14,232
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 8,861 1,105 2,689 5,067 7,756
Past Year Cocaine Use 5,026 273 1,796 2,957 4,754
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 12,145 1,612 3,970 6,562 10,533
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 90,436 7,990 7,234 75,212 82,446
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 2,598 1,245 1,215 138 1,353
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 129,797 3,629 20,459 105,709 126,168
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 58,827 2,182 13,755 42,891 56,646
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
105,183 9,956 11,058 84,169 95,227
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 10,2364 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 6,7744 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 70,285 2,852 13,804 53,629 67,433
Past Month Cigarette Use 59,217 2,226 11,894 45,098 56,991
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
181,400 16,765 22,247 142,387 164,634
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 4,872 605 1,829 2,437 4,267
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7,046 1,104 2,567 3,375 5,942
Alcohol Dependence 8,826 473 2,295 6,058 8,354
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 18,494 1,171 5,525 11,797 17,323
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22,380 1,815 6,772 13,792 20,565
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 6,351 1,032 2,359 2,960 5,319
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 17,501 1,125 5,296 11,081 16,376
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 2,025 2,704 11,968 14,672
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 2,446 7,941 10,388
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 10,130 34,341 44,471
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 2,113 6,271 8,385
101029

UNITED STATES

Table 2. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the United States, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: The percentages in this table are national design-based estimates.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.35 9.65 20.43 6.10 8.21
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.82 13.28 29.08 7.36 10.55
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.36 6.98 17.30 4.40 6.30
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.53 4.46 8.09 2.63 3.43
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.00 1.10 5.40 1.53 2.10
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.84 6.51 11.94 3.40 4.66
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.06 32.28 21.75 39.01 36.47
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.70 6.98 0.12 1.06
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.75 14.66 61.51 54.83 55.81
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.46 8.82 41.35 22.25 25.06
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.93 40.23 33.25 43.65 42.12
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.814 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.744 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.02 11.52 41.51 27.82 29.83
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.61 8.99 35.76 23.39 25.21
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.32 67.74 66.89 73.85 72.82
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.45 5.50 1.26 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 4.46 7.72 1.75 2.63
Alcohol Dependence 3.52 1.91 6.90 3.14 3.70
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.37 4.73 16.61 6.12 7.66
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.92 7.33 20.36 7.15 9.10
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.53 4.17 7.09 1.53 2.35
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.98 4.54 15.92 5.75 7.24
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.18 8.13 6.21 6.49
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.36 4.12 4.60
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.46 17.81 19.67
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.35 3.25 3.71
101029

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 3. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 4,090 429 1,448 2,213 3,661
Past Year Marijuana Use 5,404 603 2,051 2,750 4,801
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,227 336 1,275 1,617 2,891
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,597 176 535 886 1,421
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,078 47 390 640 1,030
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 2,024 230 727 1,067 1,794
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 15,812 1,316 1,165 13,331 14,495
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 469 221 224 25 248
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 26,203 704 4,106 21,393 25,498
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 11,318 426 2,723 8,169 10,892
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
18,625 1,716 1,868 15,041 16,908
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,0824 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,3514 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 12,116 474 2,488 9,153 11,642
Past Month Cigarette Use 10,284 367 2,163 7,754 9,917
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
34,549 3,075 4,228 27,246 31,474
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,012 107 395 510 905
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,368 185 532 651 1,183
Alcohol Dependence 1,605 84 444 1,078 1,521
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 3,345 199 1,047 2,100 3,146
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4,117 312 1,306 2,498 3,805
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,190 172 476 541 1,018
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 3,151 193 1,003 1,955 2,957
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 336 470 2,146 2,616
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 438 1,366 1,804
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 1,888 6,185 8,073
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 389 1,142 1,531
101029

NORTHEAST REGION

Table 4. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the Northeast Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.85 9.90 23.92 6.17 8.74
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.69 13.90 33.89 7.67 11.46
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.98 7.74 21.06 4.51 6.90
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.45 4.06 8.84 2.47 3.39
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 1.09 6.45 1.78 2.46
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.38 5.30 12.00 2.98 4.28
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.19 30.32 19.24 37.18 34.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.75 7.55 0.12 1.07
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.66 16.23 67.82 59.68 60.86
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.48 9.82 44.98 22.79 26.00
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.27 39.55 30.85 41.95 40.35
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 30.774 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.974 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.20 10.92 41.11 25.53 27.78
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.24 8.46 35.74 21.63 23.67
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.71 70.84 69.85 76.00 75.11
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.19 2.48 6.52 1.42 2.16
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.96 4.26 8.78 1.82 2.82
Alcohol Dependence 3.47 1.94 7.33 3.01 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.23 4.58 17.29 5.86 7.51
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.90 7.20 21.58 6.97 9.08
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.57 3.97 7.87 1.51 2.43
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.81 4.45 16.56 5.45 7.06
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.75 7.76 5.99 6.24
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.23 3.81 4.30
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.18 17.26 19.27
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.43 3.19 3.65
101029

MIDWEST REGION

Table 5. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 4,281 525 1,414 2,343 3,756
Past Year Marijuana Use 5,698 699 2,077 2,922 4,999
Past Month Marijuana Use 3,344 382 1,206 1,755 2,961
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,804 240 570 994 1,564
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,003 58 372 573 946
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 2,670 368 892 1,410 2,302
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 18,858 1,805 1,463 15,590 17,053
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 574 270 277 27 304
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 29,844 829 4,756 24,260 29,016
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 14,265 515 3,357 10,393 13,750
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
21,358 2,067 2,115 17,176 19,291
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,3214 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,6204 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 16,827 720 3,387 12,720 16,107
Past Month Cigarette Use 14,132 569 2,918 10,645 13,562
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
37,907 3,634 4,617 29,656 34,273
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,000 134 375 492 866
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,453 249 532 672 1,204
Alcohol Dependence 1,935 107 549 1,279 1,828
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,317 280 1,331 2,706 4,038
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,074 417 1,569 3,088 4,657
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,315 229 494 591 1,086
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,052 267 1,263 2,522 3,785
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 456 621 2,714 3,334
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 575 1,912 2,486
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 2,356 7,586 9,943
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 496 1,544 2,040
101029

MIDWEST REGION

Table 6. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the Midwest Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.77 9.62 19.35 5.54 7.57
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.34 12.80 28.43 6.91 10.07
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.07 7.00 16.51 4.15 5.97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.27 4.39 7.80 2.35 3.15
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.82 1.05 5.10 1.36 1.91
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.85 6.74 12.21 3.33 4.64
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.25 33.06 20.03 36.86 34.38
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.78 5.56 7.36 0.12 1.11
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.21 15.18 65.09 57.37 58.50
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.91 9.43 45.94 24.58 27.72
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
38.79 37.87 28.95 40.61 38.89
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.594 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.264 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.56 13.19 46.35 30.07 32.47
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.66 10.43 39.93 25.17 27.34
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.84 66.56 63.19 70.11 69.09
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.82 2.45 5.13 1.16 1.75
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.64 4.56 7.27 1.59 2.43
Alcohol Dependence 3.51 1.97 7.51 3.03 3.69
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.84 5.13 18.22 6.40 8.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.21 7.63 21.48 7.30 9.39
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.39 4.20 6.77 1.40 2.19
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.36 4.90 17.28 5.96 7.63
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.35 8.49 6.42 6.72
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.87 4.52 5.01
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 32.25 17.94 20.04
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.79 3.65 4.11
101029

SOUTH REGION

Table 7. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the South Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6,820 794 2,189 3,837 6,026
Past Year Marijuana Use 8,765 1,084 3,003 4,678 7,681
Past Month Marijuana Use 4,992 545 1,798 2,649 4,447
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3,140 391 918 1,831 2,748
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,664 88 548 1,029 1,576
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4,380 587 1,412 2,382 3,793
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36,633 3,146 2,906 30,581 33,486
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 890 424 415 51 467
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 43,717 1,237 6,845 35,635 42,480
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20,196 719 4,498 14,980 19,477
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40,310 3,788 4,298 32,224 36,522
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3,4874 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2,2384 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27,026 1,035 4,957 21,034 25,991
Past Month Cigarette Use 22,703 819 4,280 17,604 21,884
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65,839 5,975 7,870 51,993 59,863
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,678 202 601 875 1,475
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,518 379 863 1,276 2,139
Alcohol Dependence 3,118 155 751 2,212 2,963
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6,273 373 1,789 4,111 5,900
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7,718 597 2,237 4,884 7,121
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2,271 357 796 1,118 1,914
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5,998 365 1,725 3,907 5,632
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 725 920 4,370 5,290
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 818 2,899 3,717
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 3,418 12,559 15,977
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 698 2,101 2,799
101029

SOUTH REGION

Table 8. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the South Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.45 8.79 18.41 5.44 7.31
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.58 12.01 25.25 6.63 9.31
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.46 6.04 15.11 3.75 5.39
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.43 4.33 7.72 2.59 3.33
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.82 0.98 4.60 1.46 1.91
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.79 6.50 11.87 3.37 4.60
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.03 34.85 24.43 43.33 40.60
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.55 5.20 6.27 0.12 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.77 13.69 57.55 50.48 51.50
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.07 7.96 37.81 21.22 23.62
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.05 41.95 36.13 45.65 44.28
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.134 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.134 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.54 11.46 41.68 29.81 31.52
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.82 9.07 35.99 24.95 26.54
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.95 66.18 66.16 73.66 72.58
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.83 2.24 5.05 1.24 1.79
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.75 4.20 7.26 1.81 2.59
Alcohol Dependence 3.41 1.72 6.32 3.13 3.59
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.86 4.13 15.04 5.82 7.16
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.44 6.62 18.80 6.92 8.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.48 3.95 6.69 1.58 2.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.55 4.05 14.51 5.53 6.83
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.03 7.74 6.19 6.41
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.88 4.11 4.51
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 28.74 17.79 19.37
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.87 2.98 3.39
101029

WEST REGION

Table 9. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the West Region, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5,754 639 1,744 3,371 5,115
Past Year Marijuana Use 7,277 901 2,541 3,834 6,376
Past Month Marijuana Use 4,397 465 1,475 2,458 3,933
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2,320 298 666 1,356 2,022
Past Year Cocaine Use 1,281 80 486 716 1,202
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3,071 427 940 1,703 2,643
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 19,134 1,722 1,700 15,711 17,411
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 664 330 298 35 334
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 30,034 860 4,752 24,422 29,174
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 13,048 522 3,177 9,349 12,526
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
24,890 2,384 2,777 19,729 22,506
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2,3464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1,5654 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 14,317 623 2,972 10,722 13,694
Past Month Cigarette Use 12,098 470 2,533 9,096 11,628
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
43,105 4,081 5,532 33,491 39,024
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1,182 162 459 561 1,020
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,707 291 641 776 1,416
Alcohol Dependence 2,168 126 552 1,490 2,041
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 4,558 320 1,358 2,881 4,239
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 5,471 489 1,660 3,322 4,982
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1,575 274 593 708 1,301
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 4,300 299 1,305 2,697 4,002
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 507 694 2,738 3,432
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 616 1,764 2,380
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 2,468 8,011 10,479
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 530 1,485 2,016
101029

WEST REGION

Table 10. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the West Region, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.92 10.79 21.78 7.65 9.82
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.54 15.22 31.75 8.70 12.24
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.58 7.85 18.43 5.58 7.55
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.00 5.03 8.32 3.08 3.88
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.21 1.34 6.07 1.62 2.31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.29 7.21 11.74 3.87 5.08
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 32.98 29.09 21.23 35.64 33.43
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.00 6.57 7.35 0.14 1.18
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.78 14.52 59.36 55.41 56.01
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.49 8.81 39.69 21.21 24.05
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.91 40.27 34.69 44.76 43.21
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.714 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.154 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.68 10.52 37.12 24.33 26.29
Past Month Cigarette Use 20.86 7.94 31.64 20.64 22.33
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.31 68.93 69.11 75.98 74.92
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.04 2.73 5.74 1.27 1.96
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.94 4.91 8.00 1.76 2.72
Alcohol Dependence 3.74 2.13 6.89 3.38 3.92
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.86 5.40 16.97 6.54 8.14
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.43 8.25 20.74 7.54 9.57
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.71 4.62 7.40 1.61 2.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.41 5.04 16.30 6.12 7.68
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.56 8.67 6.21 6.59
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.70 4.00 4.57
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.83 18.17 20.12
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.62 3.37 3.87
101029

ALABAMA

Table 11. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Alabama, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 272 35 93 145 238
Past Year Marijuana Use 329 38 114 176 290
Past Month Marijuana Use 195 22 73 101 174
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 148 19 47 82 130
Past Year Cocaine Use 54 3 17 34 51
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 198 29 66 103 169
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,586 151 145 1,290 1,435
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 16 16 2 18
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,658 48 276 1,334 1,610
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 791 28 179 583 763
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,752 170 192 1,390 1,582
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 864 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,272 50 230 992 1,222
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,033 39 193 801 993
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,630 234 314 2,082 2,396
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 75 9 27 39 66
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 107 16 36 54 91
Alcohol Dependence 121 7 32 83 115
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 247 16 69 162 231
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 313 26 88 198 287
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 95 15 34 46 81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 235 16 66 153 220
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 30 37 184 221
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 35 122 157
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 144 562 706
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 32 98 130
101029

ALABAMA

Table 12. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Alabama, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.05 9.17 18.34 4.87 6.82
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.51 10.09 22.58 5.93 8.34
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.06 5.69 14.48 3.38 4.99
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.84 4.89 9.38 2.77 3.73
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.40 0.76 3.40 1.14 1.47
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.12 7.55 13.02 3.47 4.85
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.10 39.75 28.74 43.37 41.25
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.36 4.42 5.46 0.12 0.87
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 42.96 12.72 54.51 44.84 46.24
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.48 7.41 35.43 19.61 21.90
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.40 44.90 37.95 46.73 45.45
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.634 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.97 13.21 45.49 33.35 35.11
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.75 10.31 38.13 26.92 28.54
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.16 61.79 62.01 70.01 68.85
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.27 5.31 1.32 1.90
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.76 4.22 7.21 1.82 2.60
Alcohol Dependence 3.14 1.75 6.23 2.79 3.29
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.39 4.16 13.56 5.45 6.63
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.10 6.94 17.50 6.66 8.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.47 3.84 6.80 1.56 2.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.09 4.17 13.06 5.16 6.30
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.97 7.32 6.19 6.36
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.94 4.10 4.51
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 28.57 18.88 20.29
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.36 3.30 3.74
101029

ALASKA

Table 13. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Alaska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 74 7 22 45 67
Past Year Marijuana Use 89 10 27 52 80
Past Month Marijuana Use 63 6 19 38 58
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 21 3 6 12 18
Past Year Cocaine Use 16 1 6 10 16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 29 4 9 15 24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 152 17 13 122 135
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 3 2 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 298 9 47 243 289
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 132 6 31 96 126
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
226 26 23 177 200
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 234 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 174 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 161 8 34 118 153
Past Month Cigarette Use 133 6 30 97 127
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
388 42 49 297 346
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 10 1 4 5 9
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 16 3 6 8 14
Alcohol Dependence 21 1 5 15 20
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 44 3 13 28 41
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 52 4 16 32 48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 16 2 5 8 13
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 40 3 12 25 37
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 5 6 23 28
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 5 15 20
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 20 71 92
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5 14 18
101029

ALASKA

Table 14. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Alaska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 13.54 11.08 28.62 11.07 13.85
Past Year Marijuana Use 16.29 15.87 35.44 12.75 16.34
Past Month Marijuana Use 11.53 9.18 25.21 9.31 11.83
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.82 4.13 8.20 2.95 3.78
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.00 1.46 7.41 2.40 3.19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.24 7.18 11.57 3.76 5.00
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.77 27.96 17.09 29.76 27.75
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.30 6.37 7.28 0.17 1.33
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.44 14.23 60.34 59.28 59.45
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.17 9.71 40.08 23.32 25.97
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.32 42.68 29.84 43.29 41.15
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.444 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.574 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.39 13.51 44.53 28.90 31.37
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.19 9.39 38.30 23.74 26.04
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.83 69.17 63.86 72.39 71.04
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.91 2.32 5.20 1.23 1.86
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.96 4.37 7.62 1.87 2.78
Alcohol Dependence 3.86 1.81 6.78 3.61 4.11
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.11 5.39 16.98 6.85 8.45
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.52 7.31 20.33 7.82 9.80
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.90 4.12 6.93 1.96 2.74
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.37 4.87 15.96 6.12 7.68
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.50 7.16 5.49 5.76
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.37 3.69 4.11
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 26.56 17.33 18.80
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.97 3.31 3.73
101029

ARIZONA

Table 15. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Arizona, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 498 54 142 302 444
Past Year Marijuana Use 573 77 201 295 496
Past Month Marijuana Use 353 39 117 197 314
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 219 27 59 133 192
Past Year Cocaine Use 121 7 47 67 114
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 317 40 95 181 276
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,840 155 156 1,529 1,685
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 50 27 21 3 24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,704 79 408 2,217 2,625
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,221 47 282 892 1,174
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,289 212 251 1,827 2,078
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2014 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1314 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,355 54 273 1,028 1,301
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,159 47 227 885 1,112
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,820 358 451 3,011 3,462
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 109 14 44 51 95
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 157 24 59 75 133
Alcohol Dependence 186 11 51 124 175
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 408 29 125 254 379
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 487 43 153 291 444
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 142 23 53 66 119
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 384 28 120 236 356
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 49 61 272 334
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 46 153 199
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 204 685 889
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 45 144 189
101029

ARIZONA

Table 16. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Arizona, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.45 10.01 20.69 7.46 9.38
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.86 14.25 29.25 7.29 10.48
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.70 7.26 17.07 4.86 6.64
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.16 4.99 8.61 3.29 4.07
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.30 1.38 6.90 1.64 2.41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 6.00 7.47 13.82 4.48 5.83
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.87 28.76 22.74 37.75 35.57
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.71 6.09 6.51 0.12 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.26 14.72 59.45 54.73 55.42
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.15 8.79 41.16 22.01 24.79
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.40 39.31 36.53 45.11 43.87
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.624 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.044 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.69 10.10 39.76 25.39 27.47
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.96 8.70 33.04 21.85 23.47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.42 66.41 65.73 74.35 73.10
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.07 2.54 6.39 1.27 2.01
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.98 4.51 8.54 1.84 2.81
Alcohol Dependence 3.52 2.05 7.40 3.06 3.69
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.74 5.45 18.20 6.27 8.00
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.23 7.91 22.30 7.19 9.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.70 4.32 7.73 1.63 2.51
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.28 5.11 17.55 5.83 7.53
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.09 8.95 6.72 7.05
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.74 3.78 4.21
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 29.68 16.92 18.77
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.62 3.55 3.99
101029

ARKANSAS

Table 17. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Arkansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 183 22 56 105 162
Past Year Marijuana Use 253 28 81 143 224
Past Month Marijuana Use 142 15 48 79 127
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 87 11 25 52 77
Past Year Cocaine Use 34 2 10 22 32
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 119 18 36 65 102
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 934 85 68 781 849
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 21 10 10 1 11
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,015 36 165 814 980
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 482 21 113 348 461
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,013 97 100 815 915
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 504 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 827 35 141 652 793
Past Month Cigarette Use 711 28 127 556 683
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,600 150 185 1,266 1,450
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 48 6 15 27 42
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 67 11 21 35 56
Alcohol Dependence 75 4 19 52 71
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 158 11 46 101 147
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 194 18 56 120 176
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 62 10 20 31 52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 150 11 43 96 139
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 21 27 140 167
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 26 120 146
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 90 361 451
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 20 67 87
101029

ARKANSAS

Table 18. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Arkansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.82 9.42 19.09 5.78 7.64
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.77 12.26 27.51 7.86 10.61
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.07 6.69 16.10 4.36 6.00
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.73 4.63 8.37 2.86 3.63
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.44 0.88 3.46 1.19 1.51
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.09 7.63 12.29 3.59 4.81
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.83 36.76 22.96 42.96 40.16
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.55 5.13 6.93 0.12 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 43.29 15.44 55.93 44.78 46.34
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.53 8.99 38.23 19.12 21.79
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.17 42.05 33.89 44.82 43.29
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.054 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 35.28 14.93 47.63 35.86 37.51
Past Month Cigarette Use 30.30 12.03 42.80 30.59 32.30
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.23 64.77 62.45 69.61 68.61
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.03 2.52 5.11 1.47 1.98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.86 4.66 7.16 1.93 2.66
Alcohol Dependence 3.22 1.74 6.59 2.86 3.38
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.74 4.90 15.53 5.54 6.94
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.26 7.57 19.02 6.60 8.34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.65 4.47 6.86 1.73 2.45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.39 4.80 14.43 5.28 6.56
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.16 9.07 7.69 7.89
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.83 6.61 6.92
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.54 19.83 21.33
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.65 3.69 4.11
101029

CALIFORNIA

Table 19. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in California, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 3,007 339 944 1,724 2,668
Past Year Marijuana Use 3,871 474 1,388 2,009 3,397
Past Month Marijuana Use 2,307 242 808 1,257 2,065
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 1,207 165 343 700 1,042
Past Year Cocaine Use 638 44 241 353 594
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 1,429 213 441 775 1,216
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 10,383 887 974 8,522 9,496
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 374 183 172 19 191
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 15,219 442 2,585 12,191 14,776
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 6,657 269 1,687 4,702 6,388
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
13,072 1,313 1,568 10,192 11,759
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1,2214 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 8134 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 6,854 298 1,488 5,069 6,556
Past Month Cigarette Use 5,798 221 1,278 4,299 5,577
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
22,773 2,186 3,095 17,492 20,587
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 615 85 247 283 530
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 883 157 338 388 726
Alcohol Dependence 1,149 68 284 797 1,081
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 2,366 167 710 1,490 2,199
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2,850 257 875 1,718 2,593
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 830 149 319 362 681
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 2,253 155 686 1,412 2,098
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 257 367 1,259 1,626
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 332 825 1,157
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 1,299 3,980 5,279
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 281 629 909
101029

CALIFORNIA

Table 20. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in California, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.00 10.77 21.79 7.64 9.91
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.88 15.07 32.07 8.90 12.63
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.68 7.68 18.67 5.57 7.67
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.02 5.24 7.91 3.10 3.87
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.12 1.39 5.57 1.57 2.21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.76 6.76 10.19 3.44 4.52
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.56 28.19 22.49 37.76 35.30
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.05 6.66 7.37 0.14 1.23
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 50.65 14.05 59.71 54.02 54.93
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.15 8.54 38.95 20.83 23.75
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.50 41.71 36.20 45.16 43.72
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.144 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.744 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 22.81 9.46 34.35 22.46 24.37
Past Month Cigarette Use 19.29 7.02 29.52 19.05 20.73
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
75.79 69.44 71.47 77.51 76.53
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.05 2.70 5.70 1.25 1.97
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.94 4.99 7.80 1.72 2.70
Alcohol Dependence 3.82 2.17 6.56 3.53 4.02
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.87 5.30 16.39 6.60 8.17
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.48 8.17 20.20 7.61 9.64
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.76 4.75 7.36 1.61 2.53
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.50 4.93 15.85 6.26 7.80
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.16 8.47 5.58 6.04
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.67 3.66 4.30
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 29.99 17.64 19.63
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.48 2.79 3.38
101029

COLORADO

Table 21. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Colorado, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 460 47 144 269 413
Past Year Marijuana Use 614 71 203 340 543
Past Month Marijuana Use 399 39 128 232 360
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 147 16 52 79 131
Past Year Cocaine Use 131 5 47 79 126
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 231 28 72 130 203
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,088 97 79 913 992
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 47 24 20 2 23
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,527 78 367 2,082 2,449
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,068 42 251 775 1,026
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,653 143 158 1,351 1,510
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1904 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1174 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,116 51 231 834 1,065
Past Month Cigarette Use 908 37 192 680 871
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,001 263 354 2,384 2,739
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 76 12 28 36 65
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 120 22 45 54 99
Alcohol Dependence 150 7 36 106 143
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 367 25 112 231 343
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 425 38 130 258 387
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 112 20 43 48 91
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 339 23 107 209 316
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 35 44 234 278
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 42 151 193
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 173 591 764
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 32 126 158
101029

COLORADO

Table 22. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Colorado, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.31 12.12 27.29 8.55 11.23
Past Year Marijuana Use 15.09 18.55 38.50 10.77 14.73
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.82 10.19 24.31 7.36 9.78
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.61 4.27 9.85 2.50 3.55
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.23 1.35 8.92 2.51 3.43
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.68 7.35 13.73 4.13 5.50
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 26.77 25.15 14.95 28.94 26.94
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.45 8.14 9.17 0.17 1.37
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 62.15 20.27 69.55 66.01 66.52
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.26 10.91 47.52 24.58 27.86
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.66 37.23 30.02 42.85 41.01
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.964 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.274 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.44 13.22 43.71 26.45 28.92
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.34 9.65 36.35 21.55 23.67
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
73.82 68.32 67.14 75.61 74.40
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.88 3.06 5.38 1.15 1.75
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.96 5.62 8.49 1.71 2.68
Alcohol Dependence 3.69 1.93 6.89 3.37 3.87
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.03 6.38 21.14 7.33 9.30
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.45 9.83 24.59 8.17 10.52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.75 5.31 8.17 1.53 2.48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.34 5.99 20.32 6.63 8.59
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.16 8.38 7.41 7.54
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.02 4.77 5.24
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 32.82 18.74 20.75
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.09 3.99 4.29
101029

CONNECTICUT

Table 23. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Connecticut, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 261 30 91 141 231
Past Year Marijuana Use 368 46 134 188 322
Past Month Marijuana Use 212 24 82 106 188
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 100 13 31 56 88
Past Year Cocaine Use 61 4 23 35 57
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 111 14 38 59 97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 969 82 65 822 887
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 17 15 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,736 54 246 1,436 1,683
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 792 38 170 583 754
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,195 117 117 961 1,078
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1294 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 994 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 744 31 151 561 712
Past Month Cigarette Use 629 25 133 472 605
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,175 203 251 1,721 1,972
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 55 7 21 27 48
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 86 13 33 40 73
Alcohol Dependence 102 6 26 70 96
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 253 17 73 163 236
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 287 23 86 179 265
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 75 12 29 35 63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 244 17 71 156 227
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 23 29 127 156
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 30 86 116
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 121 399 521
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 24 80 104
101029

CONNECTICUT

Table 24. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Connecticut, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.90 10.27 24.91 6.19 8.75
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.53 15.89 36.95 8.24 12.17
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.24 8.37 22.52 4.68 7.12
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.42 4.43 8.60 2.48 3.31
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.07 1.25 6.19 1.52 2.16
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.79 4.96 10.50 2.59 3.67
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.12 28.63 17.81 36.10 33.60
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.15 7.10 9.06 0.13 1.24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 59.32 18.63 67.78 63.07 63.72
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 27.03 13.31 46.83 25.62 28.52
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.83 40.68 32.27 42.21 40.85
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.034 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 23.704 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.40 10.92 41.56 24.65 26.96
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.49 8.64 36.50 20.72 22.88
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.28 70.44 69.10 75.58 74.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.89 2.52 5.90 1.17 1.82
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.92 4.38 9.11 1.76 2.76
Alcohol Dependence 3.48 2.08 7.24 3.06 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.63 5.95 20.03 7.16 8.92
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.80 7.82 23.67 7.85 10.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.55 4.06 7.86 1.53 2.39
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.31 5.75 19.49 6.86 8.59
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.96 8.00 5.57 5.90
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.13 3.79 4.39
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33.41 17.53 19.70
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.61 3.52 3.94
101029

DELAWARE

Table 25. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Delaware, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 63 7 24 32 56
Past Year Marijuana Use 86 11 34 42 76
Past Month Marijuana Use 51 5 21 24 46
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 29 3 9 17 26
Past Year Cocaine Use 17 1 6 11 17
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 40 4 13 23 36
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 244 21 17 206 223
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 8 4 4 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 409 11 64 334 398
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 191 6 45 139 184
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
295 28 30 238 267
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 354 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 219 9 43 167 210
Past Month Cigarette Use 185 7 37 141 179
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
541 48 65 427 492
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 2 6 7 13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 21 3 8 9 18
Alcohol Dependence 25 1 6 18 24
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 57 3 18 36 54
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 70 5 22 42 65
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 19 3 7 9 16
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 53 3 17 33 50
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 5 8 34 42
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7 22 29
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 29 100 129
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6 14 20
101029

DELAWARE

Table 26. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Delaware, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.67 10.42 25.14 5.71 8.49
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.86 15.50 35.93 7.41 11.48
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.98 7.49 22.54 4.33 6.93
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.99 4.67 9.20 3.04 3.92
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.37 0.91 6.40 1.87 2.52
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.56 6.38 13.49 4.13 5.47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.60 30.69 18.58 36.46 33.91
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.14 6.70 9.62 0.13 1.32
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.32 16.29 68.56 59.19 60.52
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.23 9.38 48.25 24.63 28.00
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.62 40.36 31.83 42.11 40.65
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.484 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.214 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.13 12.99 45.48 29.67 31.93
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.51 9.76 39.92 25.03 27.16
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.39 70.32 69.22 75.75 74.82
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.01 2.43 6.42 1.22 1.96
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.87 4.66 8.76 1.68 2.69
Alcohol Dependence 3.45 1.74 6.60 3.13 3.63
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.90 4.90 19.03 6.41 8.21
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.61 7.68 23.62 7.52 9.82
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.63 4.33 7.99 1.53 2.45
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.31 4.74 17.89 5.86 7.58
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.81 8.49 6.02 6.38
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.46 3.86 4.37
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.89 17.74 19.62
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.00 2.48 2.98
101029

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 27. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 54 4 19 30 50
Past Year Marijuana Use 73 5 29 39 67
Past Month Marijuana Use 43 3 17 24 41
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 20 2 6 13 19
Past Year Cocaine Use 19 0 4 15 19
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 19 2 7 10 17
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 148 10 15 123 138
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 2 3 0 4
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 313 6 62 245 307
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 151 3 40 108 148
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
207 16 29 162 190
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 194 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 104 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 141 3 30 107 138
Past Month Cigarette Use 122 2 26 94 120
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
394 24 63 307 369
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 1 6 9 15
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 1 8 13 21
Alcohol Dependence 23 0 7 16 23
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 47 1 15 31 46
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 58 2 18 37 56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 17 1 7 9 16
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 44 1 14 28 42
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 2 6 21 27
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6 12 18
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 27 72 99
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5 16 21
101029

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 28. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in the District of Columbia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.55 11.45 22.08 7.89 10.49
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.29 14.66 33.06 10.05 14.27
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.51 7.51 19.51 6.15 8.59
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.04 4.45 6.55 3.43 4.00
Past Year Cocaine Use 3.77 0.44 5.07 3.78 4.02
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.69 4.35 7.78 2.71 3.64
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 29.12 27.67 16.89 32.00 29.23
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.33 7.26 8.38 0.24 1.68
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.57 15.41 71.72 63.60 65.08
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 29.69 7.23 46.44 28.02 31.40
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.74 46.12 33.09 41.96 40.33
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.604 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.764 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.72 9.34 34.89 27.82 29.11
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.98 6.21 30.13 24.26 25.32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
77.48 67.84 72.17 79.58 78.22
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 3.02 2.02 6.43 2.35 3.10
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 4.38 3.83 8.72 3.46 4.42
Alcohol Dependence 4.62 1.23 7.76 4.23 4.88
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.24 3.01 16.98 8.09 9.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 11.33 5.49 21.25 9.65 11.77
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.32 3.69 7.95 2.24 3.29
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.58 3.25 16.61 7.28 8.98
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 6.75 7.21 5.45 5.77
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.49 3.18 3.79
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.74 18.57 20.98
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.70 4.14 4.43
101029

FLORIDA

Table 29. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Florida, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,239 121 328 789 1,117
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,556 174 478 905 1,383
Past Month Marijuana Use 892 85 273 535 808
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 522 60 123 339 462
Past Year Cocaine Use 277 14 84 179 263
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 638 80 187 371 558
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 6,520 460 450 5,610 6,060
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 135 65 62 7 70
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 7,931 206 1,025 6,699 7,724
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,377 110 675 2,592 3,267
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,891 559 680 5,653 6,332
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 5684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3534 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 4,122 142 693 3,288 3,980
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,491 112 589 2,791 3,380
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
11,619 925 1,257 9,437 10,694
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 274 29 90 155 245
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 421 58 130 233 363
Alcohol Dependence 552 24 111 418 528
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,065 58 262 744 1,007
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,308 94 325 889 1,214
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 381 55 121 205 326
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,023 58 255 711 965
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 115 143 755 898
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 123 537 660
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 488 2,063 2,551
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 110 390 500
101029

FLORIDA

Table 30. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Florida, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.04 9.01 18.17 6.44 7.95
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.10 12.87 26.46 7.38 9.84
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.79 6.28 15.13 4.36 5.75
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.39 4.48 6.80 2.77 3.28
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.80 1.04 4.65 1.46 1.87
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.14 5.94 10.35 3.03 3.97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.30 34.09 24.94 45.76 43.08
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.39 5.35 6.20 0.11 0.83
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.44 15.29 56.80 54.64 54.92
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.91 8.18 37.38 21.14 23.23
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
44.71 41.43 37.67 46.10 45.02
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.614 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.554 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.75 10.54 38.38 26.81 28.31
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.66 8.27 32.63 22.76 24.04
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
75.38 68.56 69.66 76.97 76.03
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.78 2.15 5.00 1.26 1.74
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.73 4.27 7.22 1.90 2.58
Alcohol Dependence 3.58 1.74 6.13 3.41 3.76
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.92 4.33 14.55 6.07 7.16
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.49 6.97 17.99 7.25 8.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.47 4.08 6.70 1.67 2.32
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.64 4.30 14.12 5.79 6.87
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.50 7.92 6.16 6.38
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.81 4.38 4.69
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 27.05 16.82 18.14
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.12 3.18 3.56
101029

GEORGIA

Table 31. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Georgia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 617 67 200 350 550
Past Year Marijuana Use 863 104 269 490 759
Past Month Marijuana Use 473 45 161 267 428
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 245 33 80 133 213
Past Year Cocaine Use 119 7 40 73 112
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 361 51 120 189 309
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,770 251 205 2,314 2,519
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 80 37 38 5 43
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,822 111 590 3,120 3,711
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,672 57 369 1,246 1,615
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,562 384 366 2,812 3,178
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2934 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1814 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,253 96 414 1,744 2,158
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,904 73 362 1,468 1,831
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,676 560 692 4,424 5,116
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 128 17 44 67 111
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 200 32 70 98 168
Alcohol Dependence 275 12 63 200 263
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 523 28 152 343 495
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 667 48 204 415 619
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 185 30 66 89 155
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 504 28 149 327 476
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 64 77 354 430
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 61 227 287
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 285 1,059 1,343
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 52 140 192
101029

GEORGIA

Table 32. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Georgia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.91 8.17 19.69 5.87 7.88
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.07 12.66 26.57 8.21 10.88
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.06 5.49 15.88 4.47 6.13
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.15 3.98 7.88 2.23 3.05
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.53 0.81 3.92 1.22 1.61
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.62 6.24 11.85 3.17 4.43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.51 30.51 20.24 38.81 36.11
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 5.43 6.85 0.17 1.16
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 48.99 13.52 58.20 52.32 53.18
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 21.44 6.97 36.39 20.89 23.14
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.66 46.62 36.10 47.16 45.55
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.184 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 14.894 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.89 11.64 40.79 29.25 30.93
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.41 8.93 35.73 24.62 26.24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.77 68.11 68.28 74.18 73.32
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.64 2.03 4.35 1.12 1.59
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.56 3.83 6.93 1.65 2.41
Alcohol Dependence 3.52 1.46 6.17 3.36 3.77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.70 3.39 14.95 5.76 7.09
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.55 5.83 20.11 6.96 8.87
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.37 3.60 6.48 1.50 2.22
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.46 3.39 14.71 5.48 6.83
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.82 7.55 5.93 6.16
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.01 3.80 4.12
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 28.07 17.75 19.26
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.16 2.35 2.76
101029

HAWAII

Table 33. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Hawaii, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 125 9 31 85 115
Past Year Marijuana Use 126 13 41 72 113
Past Month Marijuana Use 89 7 25 57 82
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 53 5 11 37 49
Past Year Cocaine Use 18 1 6 12 17
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 53 6 15 33 48
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 356 27 28 301 329
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 4 4 0 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 508 11 75 422 497
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 240 7 51 182 233
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
419 40 42 337 379
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 354 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 235 9 49 177 225
Past Month Cigarette Use 213 7 45 161 206
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
778 65 90 622 712
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 19 2 6 11 17
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 30 4 10 17 27
Alcohol Dependence 34 2 9 23 32
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 80 5 22 53 74
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 95 8 26 61 87
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 27 3 9 15 24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 77 5 21 51 72
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8 11 48 59
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 9 25 34
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 41 146 187
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 10 27 37
101029

HAWAII

Table 34. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Hawaii, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.88 10.16 23.48 10.22 12.05
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.01 14.39 31.08 8.70 11.78
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.48 7.75 19.08 6.87 8.55
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 5.06 4.97 8.57 4.51 5.07
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.75 1.24 4.33 1.39 1.80
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.06 5.96 11.33 3.96 4.98
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.85 29.25 21.66 36.31 34.30
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.70 6.39 7.54 0.11 1.01
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 48.23 11.61 57.10 50.96 51.80
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.78 7.13 38.99 21.96 24.30
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.77 42.44 32.33 40.65 39.51
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.604 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 22.31 10.01 37.13 21.34 23.51
Past Month Cigarette Use 20.22 7.66 34.11 19.42 21.44
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
73.88 70.22 68.55 75.15 74.24
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.86 2.38 4.82 1.32 1.81
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.90 3.96 7.49 2.05 2.80
Alcohol Dependence 3.26 2.05 7.05 2.79 3.38
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.60 5.78 16.44 6.39 7.78
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.99 8.07 19.76 7.38 9.08
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.62 3.62 6.62 1.86 2.52
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.32 5.39 16.35 6.10 7.51
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.14 8.71 5.80 6.20
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.91 3.00 3.54
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.98 17.64 19.48
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 7.53 3.22 3.81
101029

IDAHO

Table 35. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Idaho, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 101 13 30 58 88
Past Year Marijuana Use 131 18 46 67 113
Past Month Marijuana Use 73 10 23 40 63
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 47 6 12 28 40
Past Year Cocaine Use 16 2 7 7 14
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 71 11 21 40 61
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 412 45 35 332 367
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 13 7 6 1 7
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 560 17 86 457 543
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 248 11 59 178 236
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
496 50 53 393 446
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 474 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 324 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 330 14 65 250 316
Past Month Cigarette Use 284 12 58 214 272
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
856 90 106 660 766
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 27 4 9 14 23
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 37 7 13 18 30
Alcohol Dependence 40 3 11 25 37
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 87 7 27 54 80
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 108 11 33 65 98
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 35 6 12 16 28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 82 6 25 50 76
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 12 15 67 82
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 13 50 63
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 55 192 246
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 12 41 52
101029

IDAHO

Table 36. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Idaho, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.22 9.89 17.99 6.27 8.02
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.68 13.47 28.14 7.21 10.34
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.91 7.44 14.13 4.25 5.73
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.80 4.82 7.60 2.98 3.67
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.30 1.24 4.48 0.75 1.31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.79 7.91 12.80 4.25 5.53
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.56 33.84 21.11 35.71 33.52
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 5.47 7.09 0.12 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 45.66 13.01 52.41 49.11 49.61
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.16 8.56 35.66 19.09 21.57
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.39 37.59 32.36 42.20 40.73
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.994 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.944 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.87 10.69 39.77 26.91 28.83
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.09 8.97 35.07 23.00 24.81
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.75 67.69 64.40 70.99 70.00
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.17 3.17 5.39 1.47 2.05
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.02 5.09 7.74 1.89 2.77
Alcohol Dependence 3.22 2.11 6.95 2.72 3.36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.10 5.15 16.23 5.77 7.34
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.83 8.15 19.84 6.98 8.91
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.82 4.72 7.29 1.77 2.59
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.66 4.71 15.51 5.39 6.90
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.05 9.21 7.23 7.52
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.86 5.39 5.76
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33.25 20.61 22.50
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 7.05 4.39 4.79
101029

ILLINOIS

Table 37. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Illinois, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 823 105 277 442 718
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,117 142 407 568 975
Past Month Marijuana Use 625 77 236 311 547
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 343 45 98 199 297
Past Year Cocaine Use 204 11 67 126 193
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 437 60 141 235 376
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,825 349 326 3,150 3,476
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 112 52 54 5 59
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 5,750 160 948 4,642 5,590
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,800 103 676 2,020 2,697
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
4,241 413 445 3,383 3,828
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4694 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3244 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,072 132 646 2,294 2,940
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,641 106 570 1,964 2,534
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
7,475 713 957 5,805 6,762
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 185 23 72 90 162
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 278 48 103 126 230
Alcohol Dependence 388 18 116 254 370
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 804 46 257 500 757
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 958 75 307 576 883
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 250 44 98 108 206
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 766 44 250 472 721
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 80 115 470 585
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 104 314 418
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 450 1,277 1,727
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 92 316 408
101029

ILLINOIS

Table 38. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Illinois, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.77 9.85 18.94 5.47 7.54
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.54 13.31 27.86 7.04 10.23
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.89 7.26 16.16 3.86 5.74
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.23 4.23 6.72 2.47 3.12
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.92 0.99 4.61 1.56 2.03
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.12 5.68 9.66 2.91 3.95
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.10 32.75 22.30 39.04 36.47
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.64 6.81 0.11 1.07
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.27 15.05 64.87 57.53 58.66
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.43 9.71 46.28 25.04 28.30
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.03 38.75 30.47 41.93 40.17
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.354 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.584 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.99 12.41 44.18 28.43 30.85
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.92 9.98 39.01 24.34 26.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.55 66.93 65.47 71.95 70.95
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.75 2.13 4.91 1.12 1.70
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.62 4.48 7.08 1.57 2.41
Alcohol Dependence 3.66 1.69 7.92 3.15 3.88
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.58 4.34 17.60 6.20 7.95
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.04 7.07 21.00 7.14 9.26
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.36 4.11 6.74 1.34 2.16
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.23 4.16 17.08 5.85 7.57
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.46 7.87 5.83 6.14
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.11 3.89 4.39
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.79 15.83 18.12
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.30 3.92 4.29
101029

INDIANA

Table 39. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Indiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 444 56 135 253 389
Past Year Marijuana Use 540 68 185 286 471
Past Month Marijuana Use 320 38 112 170 282
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 209 28 58 122 180
Past Year Cocaine Use 87 6 34 47 81
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 300 43 95 162 257
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,851 178 138 1,536 1,674
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 55 26 26 2 29
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,515 77 394 2,045 2,439
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,204 50 277 878 1,155
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,087 204 199 1,683 1,883
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1944 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1394 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,675 74 316 1,285 1,601
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,405 57 279 1,068 1,347
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,541 350 423 2,768 3,191
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 110 15 38 57 96
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 160 27 53 79 132
Alcohol Dependence 175 12 52 111 163
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 367 26 115 225 340
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 444 41 136 267 403
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 139 25 49 66 115
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 338 24 108 206 314
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 50 58 328 386
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 61 221 281
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 226 811 1,037
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 45 153 197
101029

INDIANA

Table 40. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Indiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.48 10.52 19.93 6.28 8.25
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.30 12.93 27.22 7.10 10.00
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.11 7.23 16.47 4.21 5.98
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.98 5.38 8.53 3.03 3.83
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.66 1.09 4.95 1.18 1.72
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.72 8.15 13.92 4.02 5.45
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.30 33.51 20.33 38.06 35.50
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.75 5.80 7.36 0.11 1.05
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.97 14.48 57.96 50.69 51.74
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.97 9.35 40.83 21.75 24.50
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.79 38.52 29.34 41.72 39.94
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.574 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.954 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.94 13.92 46.49 31.85 33.96
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.79 10.84 41.04 26.48 28.58
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.53 66.10 62.33 68.60 67.69
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.11 2.79 5.67 1.42 2.03
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.04 5.12 7.88 1.96 2.81
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 2.20 7.62 2.76 3.46
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.99 4.99 16.92 5.58 7.22
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.47 7.71 20.04 6.63 8.56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.66 4.65 7.25 1.62 2.43
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.45 4.51 15.89 5.11 6.67
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.36 8.61 8.12 8.19
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.93 5.47 5.97
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33.33 20.10 22.01
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.56 3.78 4.18
101029

IOWA

Table 41. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Iowa, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 132 22 45 65 110
Past Year Marijuana Use 191 28 69 94 163
Past Month Marijuana Use 111 16 39 56 95
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 50 9 17 24 41
Past Year Cocaine Use 28 3 12 13 25
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 90 14 31 45 76
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 877 89 69 719 788
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 25 12 12 1 13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,408 42 235 1,131 1,366
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 710 27 170 513 683
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
880 91 84 706 789
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1094 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 774 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 753 30 150 573 723
Past Month Cigarette Use 619 24 126 469 595
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,625 154 198 1,273 1,471
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 31 6 12 14 26
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 47 10 18 19 37
Alcohol Dependence 85 6 24 55 79
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 215 16 67 132 199
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 231 20 72 139 211
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 46 9 17 19 37
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 200 15 62 123 185
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 19 26 105 130
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 27 84 111
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 108 319 427
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 22 68 90
101029

IOWA

Table 42. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Iowa, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5.29 9.19 13.21 3.40 4.87
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.66 11.64 20.35 4.92 7.24
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.46 6.84 11.54 2.92 4.21
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.01 3.79 5.09 1.24 1.82
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.12 1.12 3.61 0.68 1.12
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.62 5.75 9.18 2.37 3.39
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.30 37.15 20.30 37.72 35.10
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.54 5.31 5.86 0.10 0.94
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 56.65 17.29 69.21 59.35 60.83
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 28.55 11.10 50.15 26.92 30.40
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.42 37.75 24.66 37.03 35.18
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.884 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 21.224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.28 12.36 44.12 30.07 32.18
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.90 10.07 37.10 24.59 26.47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
65.37 64.07 58.23 66.80 65.51
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.25 2.34 3.43 0.73 1.14
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1.89 4.10 5.37 1.00 1.66
Alcohol Dependence 3.41 2.41 6.94 2.91 3.51
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.63 6.66 19.71 6.92 8.84
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.27 8.23 21.32 7.28 9.38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.83 3.80 5.08 1.01 1.62
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.03 6.23 18.16 6.46 8.22
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.98 7.60 5.49 5.81
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.89 4.40 4.93
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.70 16.76 19.00
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.42 3.58 4.00
101029

KANSAS

Table 43. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Kansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 159 21 52 87 139
Past Year Marijuana Use 214 28 82 105 187
Past Month Marijuana Use 114 14 42 59 101
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 75 10 23 42 65
Past Year Cocaine Use 35 3 16 16 32
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 114 17 37 60 97
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 838 79 66 693 759
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 25 12 12 1 13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,227 36 214 977 1,190
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 571 22 147 403 550
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
863 78 84 701 785
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1024 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 674 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 700 30 153 517 670
Past Month Cigarette Use 569 25 128 416 544
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,550 143 203 1,204 1,407
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 35 5 14 16 30
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 52 9 21 22 43
Alcohol Dependence 77 5 22 50 73
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 183 13 63 108 170
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 206 18 68 120 188
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 47 8 20 19 39
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 172 12 59 101 160
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 20 27 108 135
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 23 68 91
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 93 328 421
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 21 53 73
101029

KANSAS

Table 44. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Kansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.00 8.96 16.22 5.03 6.78
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.43 12.01 25.50 6.08 9.14
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.03 5.95 12.94 3.43 4.92
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.31 4.38 7.29 2.42 3.19
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.52 1.10 4.97 0.93 1.56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.02 7.57 11.55 3.46 4.73
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.84 34.29 20.60 40.21 37.13
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 5.66 6.78 0.10 1.05
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.93 15.91 66.39 56.66 58.19
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.12 9.46 45.63 23.37 26.87
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.96 34.03 26.17 40.68 38.40
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.124 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.75 13.09 47.48 29.98 32.73
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.99 10.74 39.71 24.14 26.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.12 62.38 62.96 69.85 68.76
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.52 2.23 4.31 0.91 1.44
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.28 4.01 6.47 1.27 2.09
Alcohol Dependence 3.40 1.99 6.99 2.91 3.55
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.05 5.68 19.42 6.24 8.31
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.04 7.66 21.08 6.98 9.20
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.06 3.59 6.08 1.10 1.89
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.58 5.30 18.31 5.88 7.83
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.54 8.36 6.26 6.59
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.20 3.92 4.44
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 28.96 19.03 20.59
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.41 3.05 3.58
101029

KENTUCKY

Table 45. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Kentucky, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 262 27 78 157 235
Past Year Marijuana Use 313 37 105 171 276
Past Month Marijuana Use 170 18 61 91 152
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 139 16 38 85 123
Past Year Cocaine Use 50 3 19 27 46
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 211 26 66 119 185
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,467 132 105 1,230 1,335
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 33 17 14 2 17
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,369 41 217 1,111 1,328
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 717 27 161 528 689
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,510 142 142 1,226 1,368
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 864 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,346 57 226 1,064 1,290
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,130 42 190 899 1,088
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,197 215 230 1,751 1,981
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 83 8 30 44 75
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 114 14 39 60 99
Alcohol Dependence 105 6 25 74 99
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 210 13 60 137 197
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 280 21 82 177 259
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 102 13 35 54 89
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 201 13 57 131 188
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 28 34 195 229
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 32 140 172
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 123 517 640
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 27 99 125
101029

KENTUCKY

Table 46. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Kentucky, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.44 8.12 18.23 5.66 7.36
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.86 10.89 24.59 6.15 8.65
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.81 5.23 14.19 3.29 4.77
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.93 4.68 8.95 3.05 3.85
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.41 1.03 4.38 0.98 1.44
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.97 7.66 15.44 4.29 5.80
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.46 39.32 24.39 44.39 41.68
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.47 5.43 5.99 0.14 0.85
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 38.72 12.24 50.58 40.08 41.50
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.29 8.08 37.68 19.05 21.56
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
42.68 42.27 33.20 44.21 42.73
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 23.684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.484 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 38.09 16.82 52.71 38.37 40.31
Past Month Cigarette Use 31.97 12.37 44.27 32.42 34.02
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
62.09 63.93 53.74 63.17 61.90
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.35 2.34 7.11 1.60 2.35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.22 4.23 9.19 2.17 3.11
Alcohol Dependence 2.97 1.72 5.90 2.67 3.10
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.95 3.80 14.12 4.94 6.18
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.92 6.19 19.14 6.38 8.11
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.90 3.94 8.28 1.93 2.79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.70 3.83 13.29 4.74 5.90
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.41 7.98 7.02 7.15
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.50 5.06 5.39
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 28.75 18.64 20.00
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.21 3.56 3.92
101029

LOUISIANA

Table 47. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Louisiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 259 28 99 132 231
Past Year Marijuana Use 310 36 122 152 274
Past Month Marijuana Use 186 18 80 89 169
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 136 15 48 73 121
Past Year Cocaine Use 84 3 25 57 81
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 192 23 72 97 169
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,514 144 137 1,233 1,370
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 33 15 16 2 19
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,746 57 323 1,366 1,689
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 852 30 201 621 822
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,643 166 212 1,265 1,478
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1744 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1044 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,109 39 215 854 1,070
Past Month Cigarette Use 957 31 188 738 926
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
2,618 248 351 2,019 2,370
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 79 8 31 40 71
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 105 14 40 51 91
Alcohol Dependence 128 6 33 89 122
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 253 13 78 162 240
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 315 21 101 192 293
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 94 13 36 45 81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 246 14 76 156 232
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 28 36 147 183
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 37 117 154
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 146 493 639
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 30 70 100
101029

LOUISIANA

Table 48. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Louisiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.16 7.44 18.86 4.87 7.13
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.59 9.76 23.31 5.59 8.45
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.16 4.81 15.20 3.27 5.20
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.78 4.06 9.21 2.69 3.75
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.34 0.85 4.72 2.08 2.51
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.31 6.21 13.74 3.57 5.21
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.92 38.75 26.14 45.39 42.28
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.33 3.90 5.48 0.12 0.91
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 48.35 15.29 61.65 50.30 52.13
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 23.59 8.12 38.40 22.86 25.37
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.51 44.63 40.57 46.59 45.61
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 29.684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.694 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.71 10.60 41.14 31.46 33.01
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.50 8.35 35.97 27.16 28.57
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.50 66.79 67.03 74.34 73.16
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.18 2.11 5.83 1.49 2.19
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.90 3.72 7.59 1.88 2.80
Alcohol Dependence 3.53 1.50 6.28 3.28 3.77
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.01 3.64 14.88 5.96 7.40
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.71 5.70 19.31 7.08 9.05
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.60 3.51 6.88 1.65 2.50
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.81 3.69 14.45 5.76 7.16
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.54 6.85 5.43 5.66
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.15 4.29 4.76
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 27.92 18.16 19.73
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.75 2.56 3.08
101029

MAINE

Table 49. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Maine, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 126 11 36 79 115
Past Year Marijuana Use 153 14 50 89 139
Past Month Marijuana Use 111 8 33 70 103
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 38 4 12 22 34
Past Year Cocaine Use 26 1 10 15 25
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 53 6 17 30 47
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 317 29 19 270 288
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 5 1 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 621 14 82 525 607
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 249 8 57 184 241
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
421 36 33 352 385
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 254 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 336 12 60 265 324
Past Month Cigarette Use 289 10 53 226 279
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
793 68 79 646 725
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 24 2 9 12 22
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 32 4 12 16 28
Alcohol Dependence 36 2 8 26 34
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 75 4 22 49 71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 94 7 27 60 87
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 31 4 11 15 27
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 72 4 21 47 68
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8 11 58 69
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 10 38 48
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 44 171 215
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 9 38 47
101029

MAINE

Table 50. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Maine, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.15 10.89 28.63 8.75 11.17
Past Year Marijuana Use 13.56 14.17 39.65 9.87 13.50
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.88 8.45 26.15 7.77 10.02
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.41 4.46 9.78 2.41 3.31
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.29 1.12 7.68 1.67 2.41
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.70 6.25 13.57 3.30 4.55
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.15 29.10 14.98 29.87 28.06
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.43 8.93 0.14 1.09
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.12 14.38 65.64 58.12 59.04
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.07 7.82 45.32 20.41 23.45
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.31 36.00 26.22 38.98 37.43
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.624 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.914 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.85 12.06 47.69 29.32 31.56
Past Month Cigarette Use 25.62 9.65 42.49 25.02 27.15
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
70.33 68.72 62.89 71.54 70.49
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.14 2.50 7.51 1.36 2.11
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.87 4.43 9.77 1.74 2.72
Alcohol Dependence 3.20 1.67 6.75 2.88 3.35
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.69 4.05 17.48 5.48 6.95
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.35 6.89 21.69 6.66 8.49
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.72 4.15 8.92 1.70 2.58
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.41 4.13 16.68 5.23 6.63
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.10 8.72 6.47 6.75
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.37 4.16 4.67
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 34.80 18.97 20.90
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 7.09 4.23 4.58
101029

MARYLAND

Table 51. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Maryland, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 320 43 111 166 277
Past Year Marijuana Use 478 61 177 239 416
Past Month Marijuana Use 253 32 99 122 222
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 125 17 36 71 108
Past Year Cocaine Use 71 4 23 44 67
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 176 24 57 95 152
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,644 147 126 1,371 1,497
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 50 22 26 2 28
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,529 61 372 2,096 2,468
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 980 37 224 718 942
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,019 200 230 1,589 1,819
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1164 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,123 40 217 865 1,083
Past Month Cigarette Use 942 34 192 716 908
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,504 316 421 2,767 3,187
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 93 10 34 49 83
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 132 18 47 67 114
Alcohol Dependence 164 7 38 119 156
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 305 16 85 205 290
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 380 27 106 247 353
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 111 16 42 53 95
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 286 16 83 188 270
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 32 48 202 250
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 41 113 154
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 160 546 706
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 38 101 139
101029

MARYLAND

Table 52. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Maryland, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.83 9.32 18.10 4.60 6.56
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.20 13.36 28.93 6.63 9.86
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.41 6.86 16.28 3.39 5.25
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.67 3.80 5.96 1.97 2.55
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.52 0.87 3.79 1.22 1.60
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.75 5.18 9.40 2.62 3.60
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.09 31.85 20.60 37.96 35.44
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 5.40 7.85 0.11 1.12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.00 13.29 60.82 58.03 58.44
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.92 8.15 36.65 19.89 22.32
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.11 43.46 37.67 43.98 43.07
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.954 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.694 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 23.97 8.67 35.56 23.96 25.64
Past Month Cigarette Use 20.12 7.43 31.37 19.84 21.51
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.82 68.79 68.84 76.60 75.47
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.98 2.10 5.51 1.37 1.97
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.81 3.87 7.62 1.86 2.70
Alcohol Dependence 3.50 1.62 6.17 3.28 3.70
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.52 3.38 13.93 5.67 6.87
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.12 5.89 17.33 6.84 8.36
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.38 3.57 6.79 1.48 2.25
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.11 3.39 13.55 5.19 6.40
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.05 7.80 5.59 5.91
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.73 3.12 3.64
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 26.14 15.11 16.71
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.28 2.80 3.30
101029

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 53. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 602 55 211 336 547
Past Year Marijuana Use 804 82 305 417 722
Past Month Marijuana Use 480 45 188 247 435
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 226 21 75 130 205
Past Year Cocaine Use 135 6 54 74 129
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 293 27 107 159 266
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,413 122 102 1,190 1,291
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 63 29 30 3 33
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,400 83 549 2,767 3,317
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,374 51 355 968 1,323
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,953 170 201 1,582 1,782
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2544 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1724 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,382 52 314 1,015 1,329
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,162 38 262 862 1,124
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
4,034 351 522 3,160 3,683
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 139 13 53 73 125
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 192 22 75 96 170
Alcohol Dependence 200 10 60 130 190
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 409 24 143 243 386
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 534 37 181 315 496
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 167 21 68 77 146
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 385 23 140 223 362
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 40 64 275 339
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 54 157 211
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 254 760 1,014
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 45 150 196
101029

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 54. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.89 11.00 27.84 7.87 10.88
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.55 16.38 40.19 9.79 14.37
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.70 9.05 24.79 5.80 8.66
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.09 4.26 9.88 3.04 4.07
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 1.17 7.14 1.75 2.56
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.31 5.47 14.14 3.72 5.29
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 25.60 24.38 13.42 27.90 25.72
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.27 7.12 9.71 0.16 1.42
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.59 16.69 72.45 64.92 66.05
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.89 10.28 46.88 22.70 26.34
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.38 34.17 26.45 37.11 35.50
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 32.964 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 22.314 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 25.02 10.47 41.40 23.82 26.47
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.05 7.56 34.59 20.22 22.39
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
73.07 70.38 68.89 74.13 73.34
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.51 2.65 6.96 1.70 2.50
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.48 4.42 9.83 2.24 3.39
Alcohol Dependence 3.62 2.04 7.92 3.04 3.78
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.41 4.73 18.81 5.71 7.68
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.66 7.49 23.89 7.39 9.88
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.02 4.24 9.02 1.81 2.90
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.98 4.57 18.42 5.23 7.22
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.99 8.49 6.44 6.75
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.06 3.68 4.19
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33.49 17.83 20.19
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.96 3.53 3.89
101029

MICHIGAN

Table 55. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Michigan, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 791 90 243 457 700
Past Year Marijuana Use 1,013 119 351 543 894
Past Month Marijuana Use 626 66 205 354 559
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 316 40 99 178 277
Past Year Cocaine Use 167 9 62 96 158
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 474 63 151 261 412
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,632 265 191 2,175 2,366
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 94 44 46 4 50
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,553 123 692 3,738 4,430
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,110 72 468 1,570 2,039
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,270 328 345 2,597 2,942
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 3494 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 2334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,536 109 499 1,929 2,428
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,180 87 433 1,660 2,093
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,749 547 689 4,513 5,202
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 171 23 64 84 148
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 247 39 89 119 208
Alcohol Dependence 285 16 74 195 269
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 636 41 182 413 595
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 781 65 225 491 716
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 219 38 80 102 182
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 591 40 171 380 551
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 69 99 397 496
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 91 299 390
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 362 1,177 1,539
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 83 236 320
101029

MICHIGAN

Table 56. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Michigan, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.49 10.70 22.37 7.14 9.36
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.16 14.13 32.26 8.49 11.94
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.51 7.85 18.90 5.53 7.47
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.80 4.71 9.08 2.78 3.70
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.00 1.05 5.72 1.50 2.11
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.69 7.44 13.87 4.07 5.50
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.58 31.48 17.60 33.97 31.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.09 5.95 8.70 0.13 1.33
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.64 14.56 63.64 58.38 59.15
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.33 8.50 43.10 24.52 27.22
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.24 38.88 31.76 40.56 39.28
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.754 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.804 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.44 12.89 45.90 30.12 32.42
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.17 10.35 39.82 25.93 27.95
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.00 64.97 63.42 70.48 69.45
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.05 2.68 5.85 1.32 1.98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.97 4.66 8.15 1.87 2.78
Alcohol Dependence 3.42 1.95 6.82 3.04 3.59
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.63 4.88 16.74 6.45 7.94
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.38 7.76 20.72 7.66 9.56
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.63 4.46 7.33 1.60 2.43
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.10 4.77 15.76 5.93 7.36
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.19 9.15 6.20 6.63
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.37 4.68 5.21
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33.28 18.39 20.55
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 7.67 3.69 4.27
101029

MINNESOTA

Table 57. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Minnesota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 300 34 108 158 266
Past Year Marijuana Use 451 47 172 232 404
Past Month Marijuana Use 259 24 98 138 236
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 123 16 44 64 107
Past Year Cocaine Use 77 5 29 43 73
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 191 26 67 99 166
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,236 121 99 1,016 1,115
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 19 22 2 23
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,647 61 392 2,193 2,586
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,169 34 271 864 1,135
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,608 160 157 1,290 1,447
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1804 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1284 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,201 52 273 876 1,149
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,019 41 235 743 978
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,003 287 360 2,356 2,716
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 67 9 26 32 57
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 103 18 38 47 85
Alcohol Dependence 181 9 45 128 173
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 400 24 121 255 376
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 441 32 134 274 408
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 95 16 35 44 79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 380 23 119 238 357
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 36 51 248 299
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 48 162 210
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 178 573 751
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 38 106 144
101029

MINNESOTA

Table 58. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Minnesota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.90 8.03 18.73 4.74 6.78
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.37 11.20 29.90 6.94 10.29
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.97 5.58 16.98 4.14 6.01
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.83 3.70 7.58 1.91 2.74
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.78 1.11 5.12 1.29 1.85
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.40 6.08 11.63 2.96 4.22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.49 28.74 17.25 30.38 28.47
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.76 4.85 7.80 0.11 1.19
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 61.02 14.56 68.33 65.58 65.98
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.93 8.00 47.21 25.84 28.96
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
37.05 38.04 27.32 38.59 36.95
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.484 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 19.614 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 27.66 12.39 47.46 26.19 29.29
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.47 9.71 40.85 22.22 24.94
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.20 68.13 62.61 70.46 69.32
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.54 2.24 4.48 0.95 1.46
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.37 4.31 6.63 1.40 2.16
Alcohol Dependence 4.18 2.03 7.78 3.83 4.41
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.21 5.76 21.10 7.61 9.58
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.15 7.71 23.33 8.21 10.41
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.18 3.76 6.07 1.32 2.01
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.75 5.55 20.66 7.11 9.09
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.62 8.93 7.42 7.64
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.32 4.84 5.35
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.98 17.13 19.14
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.58 3.17 3.67
101029

MISSISSIPPI

Table 59. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Mississippi, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 147 22 50 75 125
Past Year Marijuana Use 188 25 67 95 163
Past Month Marijuana Use 106 13 38 55 94
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 74 12 23 39 62
Past Year Cocaine Use 33 2 10 21 31
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 111 19 36 56 92
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,117 103 99 915 1,014
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 22 10 11 1 12
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 953 32 175 746 921
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 479 18 110 350 460
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
1,136 117 140 880 1,019
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 954 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 624 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 747 30 144 573 717
Past Month Cigarette Use 622 24 121 477 598
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,651 159 211 1,281 1,492
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 41 5 16 19 35
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 60 10 23 28 51
Alcohol Dependence 79 4 20 54 75
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 147 9 43 94 138
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 178 15 54 108 163
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 55 9 21 25 46
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 141 9 41 91 132
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 18 21 99 121
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 21 66 87
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 98 313 411
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 21 48 69
101029

MISSISSIPPI

Table 60. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Mississippi, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.19 8.75 15.02 4.21 5.89
Past Year Marijuana Use 7.92 9.91 20.32 5.36 7.69
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.49 4.99 11.57 3.11 4.43
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.14 4.84 7.08 2.17 2.94
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.38 0.63 3.12 1.16 1.46
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.71 7.70 11.01 3.13 4.35
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 47.33 40.89 29.84 51.46 48.09
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.33 4.07 5.14 0.11 0.87
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 40.35 12.74 52.89 41.92 43.63
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.26 7.22 33.38 19.68 21.81
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
48.12 46.37 42.16 49.47 48.33
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.264 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 15.684 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.64 12.02 43.40 32.23 33.97
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.35 9.57 36.58 26.83 28.34
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.92 63.12 63.79 72.01 70.73
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.72 2.15 4.77 1.09 1.67
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.55 3.88 6.89 1.56 2.39
Alcohol Dependence 3.33 1.58 6.17 3.06 3.54
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.20 3.63 13.06 5.30 6.51
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.51 5.89 16.45 6.10 7.71
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.32 3.53 6.44 1.39 2.18
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.97 3.69 12.48 5.10 6.24
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.15 6.47 5.58 5.72
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.39 3.69 4.11
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 29.45 17.61 19.45
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.30 2.71 3.27
101029

MISSOURI

Table 61. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Missouri, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 370 39 121 211 331
Past Year Marijuana Use 473 55 169 249 418
Past Month Marijuana Use 291 28 106 158 264
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 153 20 52 82 133
Past Year Cocaine Use 99 5 36 58 94
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 216 29 77 109 186
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,768 169 136 1,463 1,599
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 46 22 22 2 24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 2,446 66 382 1,998 2,380
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,187 42 266 878 1,144
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,020 193 192 1,635 1,827
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 1714 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1194 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,601 70 296 1,235 1,531
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,291 53 248 991 1,239
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
3,356 325 388 2,644 3,031
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 90 13 35 43 77
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 123 21 46 55 102
Alcohol Dependence 160 9 41 109 150
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 373 25 110 237 348
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 439 35 133 271 404
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 115 19 43 53 96
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 347 24 103 221 323
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 44 58 256 314
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 52 177 229
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 218 703 921
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 39 132 172
101029

MISSOURI

Table 62. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Missouri, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.56 8.05 19.28 5.56 7.50
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.66 11.45 26.98 6.57 9.46
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.94 5.71 16.86 4.18 5.97
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.12 4.06 8.24 2.16 3.02
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.01 1.01 5.74 1.53 2.12
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.40 6.11 12.30 2.89 4.22
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.12 35.06 21.67 38.63 36.23
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.64 5.12 7.08 0.12 1.02
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 49.97 13.76 60.99 52.75 53.92
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.23 8.80 42.44 23.19 25.92
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.27 39.91 30.72 43.18 41.42
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.174 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 16.814 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.70 14.52 47.29 32.61 34.68
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.38 10.92 39.53 26.17 28.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.56 67.33 61.91 69.81 68.69
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.84 2.61 5.52 1.13 1.75
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.50 4.37 7.37 1.47 2.30
Alcohol Dependence 3.26 1.90 6.58 2.89 3.41
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.61 5.15 17.60 6.27 7.87
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.95 7.27 21.20 7.15 9.14
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.34 3.98 6.82 1.39 2.16
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.09 4.98 16.40 5.83 7.32
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.03 9.20 6.76 7.11
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.33 4.66 5.18
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 34.80 18.56 20.86
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.30 3.49 3.89
101029

MONTANA

Table 63. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Montana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 78 9 26 43 69
Past Year Marijuana Use 99 12 37 51 87
Past Month Marijuana Use 66 7 23 36 59
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 28 3 9 15 25
Past Year Cocaine Use 19 1 8 10 18
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 43 5 15 23 38
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 252 22 17 212 230
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 4 4 0 5
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 478 16 73 389 462
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 219 11 53 155 208
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
316 26 31 259 291
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 414 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 294 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 253 12 52 189 241
Past Month Cigarette Use 200 9 42 150 192
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
561 50 66 445 510
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 15 2 6 8 13
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 22 3 8 10 19
Alcohol Dependence 33 2 11 20 31
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 80 6 26 48 74
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 87 8 28 51 79
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 20 3 8 9 17
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 75 6 24 44 69
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7 9 40 50
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 9 28 37
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 33 116 149
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 7 25 32
101029

MONTANA

Table 64. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Montana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.61 11.41 24.52 6.90 9.43
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.21 15.51 34.80 8.04 11.87
Past Month Marijuana Use 8.12 8.80 22.11 5.70 8.05
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.45 4.58 8.72 2.44 3.34
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.31 1.17 7.63 1.56 2.43
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.30 7.18 14.14 3.60 5.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.06 29.35 16.42 33.71 31.24
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.04 6.69 9.70 0.13 1.24
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 58.96 21.46 68.93 61.81 62.84
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.95 13.81 50.53 24.59 28.31
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.01 33.58 29.72 41.21 39.57
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 34.504 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 24.444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.19 15.59 49.18 30.06 32.80
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.69 11.21 39.53 23.83 26.08
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.12 66.09 62.17 70.64 69.43
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.88 2.38 5.40 1.23 1.83
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.71 4.49 8.01 1.61 2.53
Alcohol Dependence 4.06 2.65 10.78 3.10 4.20
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.86 8.23 24.71 7.57 10.02
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.70 10.52 26.88 8.02 10.72
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.47 4.25 7.20 1.46 2.28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.18 7.70 23.21 7.02 9.34
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.10 8.91 6.43 6.79
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.43 4.46 5.03
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.07 18.43 20.24
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.87 3.91 4.34
101029

NEBRASKA

Table 65. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Nebraska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 97 12 36 49 85
Past Year Marijuana Use 134 16 51 67 118
Past Month Marijuana Use 78 9 30 39 69
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 41 6 13 21 35
Past Year Cocaine Use 23 2 10 12 21
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 52 8 19 24 43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 537 55 40 442 482
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 7 8 1 8
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 781 20 136 624 761
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 376 12 98 266 363
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
513 51 52 410 462
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 614 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 434 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 423 18 88 317 405
Past Month Cigarette Use 353 14 75 265 340
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,002 95 128 779 907
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 21 4 8 9 17
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 30 7 11 12 23
Alcohol Dependence 51 3 15 33 48
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 123 8 40 75 115
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 137 11 44 82 126
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 28 6 10 11 22
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 119 8 39 72 111
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 12 16 66 82
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 15 46 61
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 65 201 267
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 13 38 51
101029

NEBRASKA

Table 66. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Nebraska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.69 8.59 17.00 4.49 6.48
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.21 10.79 24.51 6.10 9.03
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.36 6.05 14.58 3.53 5.28
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.80 4.32 6.34 1.93 2.64
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.57 1.09 4.56 1.07 1.63
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.55 5.64 9.27 2.19 3.32
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.94 37.89 19.29 40.16 36.84
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.54 4.49 6.26 0.10 1.04
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 53.68 13.79 65.31 56.73 58.09
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.83 8.49 46.83 24.13 27.74
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.26 35.09 24.83 37.26 35.28
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 26.394 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.254 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 29.08 12.22 42.30 28.80 30.94
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.29 9.33 36.02 24.04 25.94
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
68.89 65.57 61.22 70.78 69.26
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.42 2.63 3.62 0.85 1.29
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.06 4.49 5.41 1.11 1.79
Alcohol Dependence 3.52 2.09 7.33 2.99 3.68
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.45 5.66 18.99 6.82 8.76
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.43 7.64 21.06 7.47 9.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 1.90 4.13 4.97 1.03 1.66
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.18 5.45 18.52 6.58 8.48
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.14 7.51 6.04 6.27
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.41 4.16 4.67
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.34 18.29 20.37
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.99 3.47 3.87
101029

NEVADA

Table 67. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Nevada, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 213 27 57 129 186
Past Year Marijuana Use 236 35 72 129 201
Past Month Marijuana Use 149 19 45 84 130
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 103 12 26 65 91
Past Year Cocaine Use 50 3 17 30 46
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 125 18 35 72 107
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 746 66 56 624 680
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 22 12 8 2 9
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 1,160 32 149 978 1,127
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 556 20 107 430 537
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
966 89 89 788 877
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 764 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 524 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 607 26 100 481 581
Past Month Cigarette Use 523 20 84 419 502
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,549 144 170 1,234 1,404
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 45 6 14 24 38
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 73 11 22 41 63
Alcohol Dependence 77 5 17 55 72
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 161 12 41 108 150
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 203 19 52 133 184
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 65 10 21 34 55
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 157 11 41 105 146
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 16 22 109 131
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 19 70 88
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 75 338 413
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 17 68 85
101029

NEVADA

Table 68. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Nevada, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 10.00 12.57 23.26 7.70 9.71
Past Year Marijuana Use 11.09 16.40 28.99 7.76 10.50
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.99 8.97 18.31 5.06 6.77
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.82 5.56 10.55 3.88 4.74
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.33 1.50 6.76 1.78 2.43
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.87 8.34 14.30 4.30 5.59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.03 30.73 22.87 37.38 35.51
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 7.16 6.51 0.14 0.90
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.45 15.15 60.35 58.62 58.85
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 26.13 9.30 43.31 25.75 28.01
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.35 41.54 36.05 47.21 45.77
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 24.664 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.014 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.50 11.98 40.45 28.85 30.35
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.55 9.46 33.91 25.09 26.24
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
72.72 67.44 69.00 73.95 73.31
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.11 2.98 5.86 1.44 2.01
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.45 5.01 8.89 2.44 3.28
Alcohol Dependence 3.60 2.22 6.82 3.30 3.76
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.58 5.46 16.78 6.49 7.82
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.54 8.78 20.89 7.95 9.63
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.06 4.78 8.40 2.05 2.87
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.37 5.24 16.44 6.30 7.61
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.42 8.90 6.56 6.86
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.58 4.17 4.61
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 30.56 20.22 21.56
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.77 4.10 4.44
101029

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 69. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 126 12 41 73 113
Past Year Marijuana Use 167 18 56 93 149
Past Month Marijuana Use 108 10 37 61 98
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 47 5 15 27 42
Past Year Cocaine Use 31 1 12 17 29
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 66 7 22 36 59
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 284 25 17 243 259
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 6 6 1 7
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 717 19 100 597 698
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 284 12 69 203 272
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
400 36 31 333 364
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 584 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 414 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 315 13 60 241 302
Past Month Cigarette Use 261 11 52 198 250
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
804 69 88 647 735
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 28 3 9 15 24
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 38 6 13 19 32
Alcohol Dependence 39 3 11 25 36
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 84 5 26 53 79
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 109 9 33 66 99
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 34 5 12 16 28
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 6 25 50 75
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9 12 65 77
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 11 35 46
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 43 155 198
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 9 25 34
101029

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 70. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 11.24 11.55 30.32 8.29 11.21
Past Year Marijuana Use 14.88 16.58 41.82 10.56 14.70
Past Month Marijuana Use 9.67 9.67 27.39 6.95 9.66
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 4.20 4.56 11.49 3.04 4.16
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.74 1.23 8.98 1.97 2.90
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.91 7.00 16.78 4.11 5.79
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 25.34 23.39 12.37 27.56 25.55
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.27 6.31 10.55 0.15 1.45
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 63.95 17.62 75.12 67.88 68.84
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.35 11.23 51.34 23.10 26.84
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
35.67 33.53 23.13 37.85 35.90
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 34.734 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 24.564 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 28.12 12.51 45.08 27.42 29.76
Past Month Cigarette Use 23.30 10.10 39.23 22.46 24.69
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.79 65.14 65.72 73.52 72.49
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.48 3.20 7.00 1.70 2.40
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.37 5.30 10.01 2.12 3.17
Alcohol Dependence 3.45 2.40 8.31 2.84 3.56
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.51 5.12 19.27 6.00 7.76
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.72 8.83 24.82 7.51 9.81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 3.03 5.12 9.23 1.83 2.81
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.23 5.24 18.61 5.74 7.44
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.90 8.86 7.44 7.62
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 8.45 3.97 4.57
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 32.45 17.61 19.58
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.78 2.87 3.39
101029

NEW JERSEY

Table 71. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Jersey, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 490 59 179 252 431
Past Year Marijuana Use 665 82 262 321 583
Past Month Marijuana Use 363 43 152 168 320
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 201 25 67 108 176
Past Year Cocaine Use 127 7 43 77 120
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 272 32 101 139 240
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,622 207 162 2,253 2,415
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 73 34 36 4 39
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,926 106 566 3,253 3,819
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,766 65 385 1,316 1,701
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
2,952 245 275 2,432 2,707
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2864 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1934 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 1,795 69 334 1,392 1,726
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,519 54 306 1,159 1,466
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,388 497 609 4,282 4,891
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 140 17 49 74 123
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 181 29 63 89 152
Alcohol Dependence 221 12 52 158 209
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 475 26 138 311 449
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 582 45 170 367 537
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 153 27 56 69 126
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 447 26 131 290 421
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 51 69 314 384
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 65 204 269
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 271 922 1,193
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 61 152 213
101029

NEW JERSEY

Table 72. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Jersey, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 6.78 8.37 20.48 4.46 6.60
Past Year Marijuana Use 9.20 11.65 30.03 5.68 8.94
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.02 6.12 17.39 2.98 4.91
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.78 3.61 7.71 1.92 2.69
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.03 4.92 1.36 1.84
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.76 4.57 11.55 2.46 3.67
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.24 29.41 18.57 39.82 36.98
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.50 4.90 7.69 0.10 0.96
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 54.27 15.12 64.93 57.49 58.49
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.41 9.18 44.13 23.26 26.05
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
40.81 34.86 31.57 42.97 41.45
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 27.244 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 18.334 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.82 9.81 38.33 24.60 26.44
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.01 7.63 35.12 20.49 22.45
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
74.48 70.68 69.84 75.67 74.89
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.94 2.43 5.66 1.31 1.89
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.51 4.11 7.26 1.57 2.33
Alcohol Dependence 3.06 1.71 5.95 2.78 3.21
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.57 3.70 15.79 5.50 6.88
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 8.06 6.41 19.53 6.49 8.23
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.11 3.88 6.46 1.22 1.92
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.18 3.63 15.07 5.12 6.45
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 7.29 7.97 5.55 5.88
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.48 3.60 4.12
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 31.10 16.30 18.28
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.95 2.69 3.26
101029

NEW MEXICO

Table 73. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Mexico, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 147 20 44 83 127
Past Year Marijuana Use 178 27 66 84 150
Past Month Marijuana Use 107 15 36 56 92
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 62 9 18 35 53
Past Year Cocaine Use 35 2 15 18 33
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 92 14 26 52 78
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 636 51 53 533 585
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 18 10 7 1 8
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 772 26 130 617 747
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 371 17 87 267 354
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
745 61 84 599 684
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 654 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 444 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 433 21 97 315 412
Past Month Cigarette Use 368 16 82 270 352
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
1,217 108 156 953 1,109
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 34 5 14 15 29
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 50 10 19 21 40
Alcohol Dependence 68 4 19 45 64
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 141 11 43 87 130
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 168 17 50 101 151
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 47 9 18 19 38
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 133 10 41 82 123
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 15 20 76 95
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 16 48 64
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 67 210 277
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 16 45 61
101029

NEW MEXICO

Table 74. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New Mexico, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.07 12.38 19.12 6.78 8.70
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.95 16.79 29.08 6.84 10.30
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.58 9.22 15.73 4.55 6.28
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.79 5.37 7.71 2.86 3.62
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.16 1.30 6.55 1.46 2.25
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.66 8.47 11.55 4.20 5.34
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.23 30.99 23.16 43.28 40.15
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.07 7.87 7.97 0.12 1.08
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.62 15.64 57.06 50.09 51.17
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 22.87 10.18 38.25 21.71 24.28
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
45.96 37.57 37.07 48.71 46.89
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 25.684 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 17.434 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 26.69 12.80 42.52 25.61 28.24
Past Month Cigarette Use 22.70 10.00 36.07 21.91 24.11
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
75.06 66.12 68.51 77.44 76.05
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.09 3.14 6.01 1.23 1.98
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.07 5.97 8.39 1.71 2.74
Alcohol Dependence 4.21 2.46 8.45 3.67 4.41
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.68 6.67 18.81 7.07 8.90
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 10.34 10.43 22.10 8.17 10.34
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.89 5.66 8.00 1.58 2.58
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.22 6.30 17.94 6.68 8.43
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 9.03 8.59 6.16 6.54
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.13 3.89 4.39
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 29.42 17.09 19.01
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.85 3.66 4.15
101029

NEW YORK

Table 75. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New York, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 1,596 162 588 846 1,435
Past Year Marijuana Use 2,100 228 823 1,049 1,872
Past Month Marijuana Use 1,267 130 523 613 1,137
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 597 60 210 327 537
Past Year Cocaine Use 435 17 165 253 418
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 716 80 273 363 636
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,573 441 428 4,704 5,132
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 171 81 81 9 91
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 9,122 258 1,501 7,363 8,864
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 3,943 154 988 2,801 3,789
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
6,874 637 723 5,514 6,237
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 7854 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 4924 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 4,024 165 888 2,972 3,859
Past Month Cigarette Use 3,491 125 778 2,588 3,366
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
12,747 1,117 1,647 9,983 11,630
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 388 39 166 184 350
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 513 66 218 229 447
Alcohol Dependence 636 35 190 411 601
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,290 81 409 800 1,209
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 1,560 121 519 919 1,438
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 458 61 198 200 398
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,211 78 390 743 1,133
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 126 177 810 987
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 166 509 675
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 735 2,215 2,949
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 149 416 565
101029

NEW YORK

Table 76. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in New York, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 9.75 10.54 26.01 6.73 9.67
Past Year Marijuana Use 12.83 14.88 36.37 8.34 12.62
Past Month Marijuana Use 7.74 8.49 23.14 4.88 7.66
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.65 3.90 9.30 2.60 3.62
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.66 1.09 7.31 2.01 2.82
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 4.37 5.22 12.05 2.89 4.28
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.04 28.74 18.90 37.41 34.59
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.81 6.04 7.35 0.13 1.11
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 55.71 16.78 66.34 58.55 59.74
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 24.08 10.06 43.67 22.27 25.54
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
41.98 41.52 31.94 43.85 42.03
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 31.984 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.034 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 24.58 10.73 39.23 23.63 26.01
Past Month Cigarette Use 21.32 8.17 34.39 20.58 22.68
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
77.85 72.74 72.80 79.39 78.38
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.37 2.51 7.32 1.46 2.36
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 3.14 4.30 9.64 1.82 3.02
Alcohol Dependence 3.88 2.25 8.42 3.27 4.05
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.88 5.27 18.09 6.36 8.15
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.53 7.91 22.94 7.31 9.69
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.80 3.95 8.74 1.59 2.68
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.40 5.08 17.25 5.91 7.64
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.23 7.82 6.44 6.65
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 7.32 4.05 4.55
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 32.47 17.61 19.88
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 6.58 3.31 3.81
101029

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 77. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in North Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 616 75 190 351 541
Past Year Marijuana Use 792 98 268 427 695
Past Month Marijuana Use 473 52 159 262 421
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 275 32 82 162 244
Past Year Cocaine Use 158 7 46 105 151
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 378 52 118 209 326
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,574 218 205 2,151 2,356
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 79 41 34 5 39
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 3,585 93 554 2,939 3,493
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 1,574 54 349 1,171 1,520
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,292 283 338 2,672 3,009
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 2464 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 1494 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 2,366 87 413 1,866 2,279
Past Month Cigarette Use 1,997 66 361 1,570 1,931
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
5,421 507 628 4,285 4,913
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 125 17 45 62 108
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 189 31 65 93 158
Alcohol Dependence 263 11 61 191 252
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 470 25 138 308 446
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 580 44 165 372 536
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 171 28 59 83 142
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 452 24 131 297 428
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 61 76 389 466
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 60 232 293
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 261 1,080 1,341
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 54 186 240
101029

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 78. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in North Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 8.15 10.29 20.02 5.97 7.93
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.49 13.42 28.31 7.26 10.18
Past Month Marijuana Use 6.27 7.13 16.75 4.46 6.17
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.64 4.33 8.66 2.75 3.57
Past Year Cocaine Use 2.09 0.90 4.83 1.79 2.22
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.00 7.10 12.41 3.55 4.78
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.07 29.94 21.64 36.59 34.52
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.69 6.24 6.63 0.13 0.95
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 47.46 12.75 58.46 49.99 51.17
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 20.84 7.38 36.88 19.91 22.27
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
43.58 38.88 35.63 45.44 44.08
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 22.404 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 13.594 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 31.32 11.95 43.64 31.73 33.39
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.44 9.07 38.05 26.71 28.29
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
71.75 69.68 66.31 72.89 71.97
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.65 2.33 4.80 1.06 1.58
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.50 4.20 6.89 1.58 2.32
Alcohol Dependence 3.48 1.49 6.48 3.24 3.69
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.23 3.38 14.56 5.24 6.53
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 7.68 6.00 17.36 6.32 7.86
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.26 3.91 6.22 1.42 2.08
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.99 3.34 13.83 5.05 6.27
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.35 8.07 6.63 6.83
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.35 3.95 4.29
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 27.55 18.37 19.64
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.68 3.16 3.51
101029

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 79. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in North Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 30 4 11 15 26
Past Year Marijuana Use 44 5 20 19 40
Past Month Marijuana Use 25 2 9 13 23
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 11 2 4 5 9
Past Year Cocaine Use 7 1 3 3 6
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 21 3 8 10 18
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 191 18 18 155 174
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 2 3 0 3
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 308 9 64 235 299
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 159 6 47 105 153
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
186 17 22 147 169
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 304 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 224 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 162 7 41 114 155
Past Month Cigarette Use 131 5 32 94 126
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
361 32 58 270 329
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 8 1 4 3 7
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 12 2 5 4 10
Alcohol Dependence 18 1 7 10 17
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 45 3 18 24 42
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 52 4 21 27 48
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 11 2 5 4 9
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 42 2 17 22 40
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 4 6 24 30
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 5 12 17
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 24 63 87
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5 12 17
101029

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 80. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in North Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 5.60 7.66 12.55 3.80 5.40
Past Year Marijuana Use 8.32 9.43 22.89 4.93 8.21
Past Month Marijuana Use 4.68 5.02 10.65 3.30 4.64
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 2.12 3.67 4.98 1.28 1.96
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.22 1.05 3.72 0.69 1.24
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 3.92 6.21 9.35 2.42 3.69
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.90 36.09 20.55 39.32 35.88
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.54 4.30 6.44 0.08 1.13
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 57.77 18.91 71.74 59.45 61.70
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 29.77 12.51 53.52 26.59 31.51
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
34.95 34.34 25.16 37.22 35.01
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 36.454 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 26.404 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 30.39 13.46 46.37 28.91 32.10
Past Month Cigarette Use 24.62 10.36 36.37 23.76 26.06
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
67.73 65.92 65.79 68.39 67.91
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 1.46 2.32 4.08 0.77 1.38
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.23 4.28 6.18 1.09 2.02
Alcohol Dependence 3.35 2.12 7.61 2.55 3.48
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.39 5.28 20.58 6.06 8.71
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.67 8.05 23.14 6.85 9.83
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.06 3.72 5.69 1.04 1.89
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.90 5.03 19.58 5.64 8.19
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.93 7.15 6.04 6.24
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 6.17 2.99 3.57
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 26.77 16.06 18.02
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 5.36 3.13 3.54
101029

OHIO

Table 81. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Ohio, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual number of marijuana initiates = X1 ÷ 2, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 719 93 242 385 626
Past Year Marijuana Use 960 121 357 482 838
Past Month Marijuana Use 568 71 210 287 497
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 309 41 103 166 269
Past Year Cocaine Use 143 10 55 78 133
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 523 69 177 276 454
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,269 308 237 2,724 2,961
Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 97 46 46 6 51
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 4,931 140 793 3,997 4,790
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 2,420 91 570 1,758 2,328
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
3,759 351 340 3,068 3,408
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 4174 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 3014 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 3,083 132 601 2,350 2,951
Past Month Cigarette Use 2,551 102 508 1,941 2,449
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
6,642 636 766 5,239 6,005
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 194 22 70 101 171
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 267 44 96 127 223
Alcohol Dependence 320 18 94 208 302
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 728 48 216 464 680
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 865 70 261 535 795
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 247 41 92 114 206
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 687 47 204 436 640
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 78 99 433 532
Serious Mental Illness9,10 -- -- 91 356 447
Any Mental Illness9,11 -- -- 384 1,375 1,759
Had Serious Thoughts of Suicide -- -- 84 284 368
101029

OHIO

Table 82. – Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Past Year Mental Health Measures in Ohio, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2008-2009 NSDUHs
Measure 12+ 12-17 18-25 26+ 18+
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
2 Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 × {[X1 ÷ (0.5 × X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Underage drinking is defined for persons aged 12 to 20; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects that age group and not persons aged 12 or older.
5 Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
6 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs (or alcohol), but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug (or alcohol) problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Major depressive episode is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent major depressive episode modules. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
9 For more details, see Section A.11 in Appendix A of the report on State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Disorders from the 2008-2009 NSDUHs.
10 Serious mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in serious functional impairment.
11 Any mental illness is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, other than a substance use disorder, that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
ILLICIT DRUGS          
Past Month Illicit Drug Use1 7.53 9.88 19.91 5.20 7.27
Past Year Marijuana Use 10.05 12.92 29.41 6.51 9.74
Past Month Marijuana Use 5.95 7.60 17.27 3.88 5.77
Past Month Use of Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana1 3.24 4.32 8.46 2.24 3.12
Past Year Cocaine Use 1.50 1.03 4.53 1.06 1.55
Past Year Nonmedical Pain Reliever Use 5.47 7.35 14.62 3.73 5.27
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.21 32.74 19.57 36.80 34.37
Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.78 5.59 7.43 0.13 1.09
ALCOHOL          
Past Month Alcohol Use 51.60 14.91 65.39 54.01 55.61
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use3 25.33 9.74 46.98 23.76 27.03
Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More
    Drinks Once or Twice a Week
39.34 37.38 28.02 41.45 39.56
Past Month Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20) 28.414 -- -- -- --
Past Month Binge Alcohol Use (Persons Aged 12 to 20)3 20.484 -- -- -- --
TOBACCO PRODUCTS          
Past Month Tobacco Product Use5 32.27 14.04 49.55 31.75 34.26
Past Month Cigarette Use 26.70 10.91 41.88 26.22 28.43
Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More
    Packs of Cigarettes Per Day
69.52 67.71 63.16 70.79 69.71
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE, AND TREATMENT6          
Illicit Drug Dependence1 2.03 2.38 5.81 1.36 1.99
Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 2.79 4.63 7.95 1.71 2.59
Alcohol Dependence 3.35 1.92 7.78 2.81 3.51
Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.63 5.15 17.80 6.27 7.90
Alcohol or Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse1 9.06 7.45 21.49 7.23 9.24
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,7 2.59 4.34 7.58 1.55 2.40
Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.19 4.98 16.79 5.89 7.43
PAST YEAR MENTAL HEALTH          
Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode8,9 -- 8.27 8.13 5.85 6.17