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Appendix D: Comparison of the 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia)

101215

Table D.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 8.25   8.35 0.559 11.44a  9.65 0.000 20.24   20.43 0.656 5.72   6.10 0.111
Northeast 8.45   8.85 0.194 11.87a  9.90 0.000 23.71   23.92 0.804 5.58   6.17 0.114
Midwest 7.96   7.77 0.414 11.11a  9.62 0.000 19.93   19.35 0.343 5.38   5.54 0.588
South 7.64   7.45 0.405 11.03a  8.79 0.000 18.82   18.41 0.461 5.23   5.44 0.479
West 9.32   9.92 0.109 12.04a  10.79 0.025 20.06a  21.78 0.030 6.96   7.65 0.140
Alabama 6.62   7.05 0.517 9.65   9.17 0.698 15.94   18.34 0.188 4.57   4.87 0.694
Alaska 12.01   13.54 0.210 13.34   11.08 0.139 27.29   28.62 0.595 9.17   11.07 0.212
Arizona 8.87   9.45 0.519 12.61b  10.01 0.077 18.88   20.69 0.375 6.53   7.46 0.385
Arkansas 7.78   7.82 0.961 11.72b  9.42 0.086 21.05   19.09 0.346 4.89   5.78 0.294
California 9.01b  10.00 0.077 11.44   10.77 0.434 18.83a  21.79 0.015 6.86   7.64 0.261
Colorado 11.12   11.31 0.854 13.83   12.12 0.293 25.52   27.29 0.483 8.24   8.55 0.802
Connecticut 8.75   8.90 0.857 12.43   10.27 0.130 25.58   24.91 0.783 5.82   6.19 0.694
Delaware 8.74   8.67 0.932 13.54a  10.42 0.035 25.77   25.14 0.788 5.19   5.71 0.548
District of Columbia 11.59   10.55 0.333 11.54   11.45 0.953 26.23b  22.08 0.090 8.71   7.89 0.520
Florida 8.72   8.04 0.226 11.42a  9.01 0.004 21.32a  18.17 0.010 6.58   6.44 0.825
Georgia 7.54   7.91 0.634 10.43b  8.17 0.074 17.51   19.69 0.290 5.31   5.87 0.535
Hawaii 8.90a  11.88 0.010 13.97a  10.16 0.033 19.31b  23.48 0.079 6.56a  10.22 0.009
Idaho 7.24   8.22 0.173 11.02   9.89 0.411 15.80   17.99 0.242 4.86   6.27 0.103
Illinois 7.50   7.77 0.556 10.83   9.85 0.230 20.22   18.94 0.266 4.80   5.47 0.221
Indiana 8.07   8.48 0.575 10.15   10.52 0.786 20.67   19.93 0.727 5.45   6.28 0.330
Iowa 6.47a  5.29 0.050 9.22   9.19 0.982 15.80   13.21 0.134 4.33   3.40 0.190
Kansas 6.74   7.00 0.710 9.33   8.96 0.776 16.67   16.22 0.816 4.43   5.03 0.462
Kentucky 8.33   7.44 0.239 11.70a  8.12 0.006 18.43   18.23 0.923 6.15   5.66 0.580
Louisiana 8.07   7.16 0.192 10.76a  7.44 0.010 20.54   18.86 0.379 5.17   4.87 0.723
Maine 9.31b  11.15 0.059 12.58   10.89 0.246 25.20   28.63 0.130 6.52b  8.75 0.057
Maryland 7.57   6.83 0.307 10.76   9.32 0.261 22.02b  18.10 0.079 4.85   4.60 0.751
Massachusetts 9.28b  10.89 0.069 13.94b  11.00 0.052 27.46   27.84 0.877 5.81a  7.87 0.046
Michigan 9.06   9.49 0.386 12.80a  10.70 0.012 21.22   22.37 0.318 6.42   7.14 0.240
Minnesota 7.59   6.90 0.318 11.59a  8.03 0.007 19.28   18.73 0.788 4.91   4.74 0.829
Mississippi 6.56   6.19 0.544 10.59   8.75 0.158 16.33   15.02 0.475 3.98   4.21 0.748
Missouri 9.17b  7.56 0.052 10.05   8.05 0.109 21.37   19.28 0.312 6.90   5.56 0.174
Montana 10.58   9.61 0.299 15.57a  11.41 0.008 22.34   24.52 0.317 7.77   6.90 0.443
Nebraska 7.67   6.69 0.125 12.71a  8.59 0.003 18.91   17.00 0.310 4.78   4.49 0.693
Nevada 10.30   10.00 0.765 12.46   12.57 0.947 22.02   23.26 0.551 8.17   7.70 0.701
New Hampshire 11.15   11.24 0.928 14.46b  11.55 0.067 29.61   30.32 0.782 7.82   8.29 0.696
New Jersey 6.97   6.78 0.767 10.42   8.37 0.133 21.36   20.48 0.684 4.48   4.46 0.975
New Mexico 10.00   9.07 0.340 14.16   12.38 0.306 22.17   19.12 0.173 7.08   6.78 0.800
New York 8.90   9.75 0.121 11.68   10.54 0.202 23.89   26.01 0.117 6.07   6.73 0.315
North Carolina 7.92   8.15 0.755 13.62a  10.29 0.021 20.35   20.02 0.872 5.09   5.97 0.300
North Dakota 7.22a  5.60 0.018 11.64a  7.66 0.002 18.02a  12.55 0.002 4.35   3.80 0.489
Ohio 8.04   7.53 0.262 11.39b  9.88 0.057 20.64   19.91 0.530 5.42   5.20 0.694
Oklahoma 8.58   8.94 0.698 12.23b  9.49 0.071 18.97   19.43 0.828 6.06   6.96 0.424
Oregon 10.84   12.33 0.163 12.30   12.31 0.995 24.72   27.85 0.180 8.30   9.92 0.204
Pennsylvania 7.50b  6.77 0.089 11.28a  8.68 0.000 20.54a  18.03 0.029 4.91   4.68 0.665
Rhode Island 10.95   12.69 0.116 13.25   12.91 0.847 32.44   30.09 0.381 6.75a  9.40 0.043
South Carolina 7.23a  8.92 0.034 11.05   9.17 0.173 19.54   20.47 0.655 4.54a  7.00 0.008
South Dakota 7.15   6.17 0.136 13.26a  9.44 0.012 17.92   15.11 0.138 4.13   4.14 0.986
Tennessee 6.70   7.49 0.270 9.23   7.96 0.295 16.16b  19.59 0.095 4.78   5.58 0.337
Texas 6.97   6.66 0.449 10.18a  8.41 0.027 16.54   16.97 0.696 4.59   4.47 0.813
Utah 6.32   6.25 0.917 8.76   8.12 0.605 12.69   13.18 0.778 4.00   4.22 0.775
Vermont 10.96   12.34 0.201 16.67a  11.89 0.004 29.58   32.72 0.232 6.99   9.06 0.105
Virginia 7.68a  6.21 0.026 11.88a  8.69 0.022 20.53b  17.10 0.077 5.03   4.05 0.204
Washington 9.96   9.09 0.330 13.49a  10.27 0.027 24.65a  20.03 0.038 6.96   7.18 0.836
West Virginia 6.61b  7.85 0.068 11.70b  9.29 0.077 17.37b  21.21 0.057 4.29b  5.76 0.052
Wisconsin 7.48   7.96 0.483 10.73   9.70 0.449 18.85   21.26 0.238 4.98   5.50 0.514
Wyoming 7.51   6.42 0.112 10.05   10.17 0.932 18.36   17.36 0.625 5.07   4.02 0.171

101215

Table D.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 10.78   10.82 0.827 15.38a  13.28 0.000 29.13   29.08 0.927 6.95b  7.36 0.074
Northeast 11.69   11.69 0.995 16.39a  13.90 0.000 33.77   33.89 0.897 7.58   7.67 0.818
Midwest 10.80b  10.34 0.070 15.46a  12.80 0.000 29.83b  28.43 0.053 6.75   6.91 0.599
South 9.62   9.58 0.878 14.64a  12.01 0.000 25.90   25.25 0.331 6.09b  6.63 0.061
West 11.84b  12.54 0.063 15.63   15.22 0.541 29.86a  31.75 0.047 7.99   8.70 0.116
Alabama 8.35   8.51 0.820 12.75b  10.09 0.059 23.79   22.58 0.555 5.03   5.93 0.249
Alaska 16.65   16.29 0.787 18.87   15.87 0.110 38.90   35.44 0.200 12.46   12.75 0.856
Arizona 10.48   10.86 0.651 16.96   14.25 0.143 27.54   29.25 0.489 6.46   7.29 0.347
Arkansas 10.22   10.77 0.523 15.76a  12.26 0.029 28.89   27.51 0.576 6.15b  7.86 0.071
California 11.33a  12.88 0.007 14.11   15.07 0.332 28.29a  32.07 0.007 7.81   8.90 0.112
Colorado 15.08   15.09 0.994 19.55   18.55 0.619 36.57   38.50 0.463 10.73   10.77 0.977
Connecticut 11.78   12.53 0.411 17.58   15.89 0.363 38.82   36.95 0.492 7.09   8.24 0.253
Delaware 11.65   11.86 0.816 18.20   15.50 0.146 33.24   35.93 0.287 7.09   7.41 0.751
District of Columbia 15.09   14.29 0.516 14.83   14.66 0.922 37.61b  33.06 0.094 10.68   10.05 0.653
Florida 11.36a  10.10 0.037 16.13a  12.87 0.001 29.83a  26.46 0.017 8.13   7.38 0.276
Georgia 9.61b  11.07 0.080 14.20   12.66 0.328 23.85   26.57 0.230 6.36a  8.21 0.044
Hawaii 11.56   12.01 0.685 18.09b  14.39 0.074 30.20   31.08 0.752 7.70   8.70 0.426
Idaho 9.26b  10.68 0.063 14.63   13.47 0.484 24.37   28.14 0.105 5.27a  7.21 0.019
Illinois 9.99   10.54 0.275 14.46   13.31 0.230 29.61   27.86 0.192 5.90b  7.04 0.054
Indiana 10.33   10.30 0.971 13.95   12.93 0.523 28.44   27.22 0.599 6.48   7.10 0.481
Iowa 9.32a  7.66 0.020 13.39   11.64 0.270 25.88a  20.35 0.012 5.63   4.92 0.342
Kansas 9.08   9.43 0.657 13.24   12.01 0.423 25.44   25.50 0.981 5.29   6.08 0.334
Kentucky 10.30a  8.86 0.049 16.32a  10.89 0.000 26.21   24.59 0.446 6.78   6.15 0.426
Louisiana 9.82b  8.59 0.092 13.02a  9.76 0.020 27.52b  23.31 0.054 5.78   5.59 0.812
Maine 12.34   13.56 0.216 18.76a  14.17 0.009 37.34   39.65 0.369 7.80b  9.87 0.064
Maryland 10.54   10.20 0.688 14.75   13.36 0.408 30.31   28.93 0.586 6.84   6.63 0.815
Massachusetts 15.45   14.55 0.427 20.15a  16.38 0.041 38.19   40.19 0.454 11.24   9.79 0.255
Michigan 12.61   12.16 0.427 17.03a  14.13 0.002 32.38   32.26 0.927 8.55   8.49 0.926
Minnesota 11.40   10.37 0.224 17.30a  11.20 0.000 30.34   29.90 0.862 7.13   6.94 0.837
Mississippi 7.98   7.92 0.931 11.01   9.91 0.423 22.06   20.32 0.403 4.68   5.36 0.349
Missouri 11.91a  9.66 0.006 16.15a  11.45 0.002 31.48b  26.98 0.051 7.87   6.57 0.150
Montana 13.83   12.21 0.103 21.07a  15.51 0.002 35.15   34.80 0.890 9.00   8.04 0.384
Nebraska 10.39   9.21 0.127 16.42a  10.79 0.000 27.17   24.51 0.270 6.29   6.10 0.821
Nevada 12.01   11.09 0.336 19.67b  16.40 0.089 29.02   28.99 0.991 8.31   7.76 0.596
New Hampshire 16.30   14.88 0.263 20.52a  16.58 0.049 44.61   41.82 0.297 11.31   10.56 0.613
New Jersey 8.64   9.20 0.426 14.03   11.65 0.131 29.40   30.03 0.796 5.00   5.68 0.339
New Mexico 12.30   10.95 0.146 19.03   16.79 0.274 33.80b  29.08 0.092 7.24   6.84 0.685
New York 12.22   12.83 0.309 15.98   14.88 0.298 33.60b  36.37 0.061 8.20   8.34 0.843
North Carolina 9.83   10.49 0.408 16.97a  13.42 0.034 26.70   28.31 0.493 6.05   7.26 0.172
North Dakota 9.81a  8.32 0.048 16.18a  9.43 0.000 28.80a  22.89 0.015 4.95   4.93 0.982
Ohio 10.91b  10.05 0.079 15.33a  12.92 0.011 30.34   29.41 0.486 6.96   6.51 0.421
Oklahoma 9.50   10.19 0.390 15.34   12.62 0.114 25.47   24.90 0.807 5.60b  7.20 0.066
Oregon 13.78   14.45 0.530 17.38   18.29 0.643 36.44   37.35 0.722 9.47   10.46 0.418
Pennsylvania 9.88a  8.90 0.044 15.24a  11.48 0.000 29.95a  25.39 0.001 5.95   5.88 0.904
Rhode Island 15.22   14.32 0.424 18.29   16.35 0.324 45.71a  39.43 0.029 9.29   9.36 0.952
South Carolina 9.67   9.36 0.687 13.44   11.75 0.260 27.75   25.58 0.344 5.96   6.41 0.599
South Dakota 9.83   9.01 0.276 17.65a  12.00 0.001 28.35   25.73 0.258 5.02   5.61 0.449
Tennessee 7.36a  9.63 0.003 12.15   10.50 0.263 21.07a  26.26 0.026 4.44a  6.98 0.002
Texas 8.56   8.30 0.544 13.91a  11.22 0.002 22.28   21.96 0.791 5.01   5.30 0.551
Utah 8.17   7.17 0.168 11.08   9.65 0.326 20.77   17.52 0.116 3.93   4.17 0.736
Vermont 15.93   15.97 0.974 22.69a  16.64 0.003 44.56   45.02 0.865 10.10   11.15 0.430
Virginia 9.69   9.79 0.891 15.47   13.77 0.297 29.57   26.94 0.259 5.68   6.39 0.391
Washington 13.50   12.84 0.487 17.64   15.28 0.190 36.16   34.07 0.410 9.05   9.13 0.939
West Virginia 9.16   9.62 0.547 16.92a  11.97 0.003 27.87   26.60 0.588 5.24a  6.92 0.041
Wisconsin 10.01   10.66 0.403 15.84   13.82 0.233 30.00   31.04 0.656 5.61   6.83 0.145
Wyoming 10.45   9.89 0.516 14.46   14.23 0.896 28.79   27.11 0.487 6.38   6.30 0.931

101215

Table D.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 6.18   6.36 0.201 8.03a  6.98 0.000 17.17   17.30 0.765 4.01a  4.40 0.035
Northeast 6.78   6.98 0.418 8.84a  7.74 0.009 21.00   21.06 0.935 4.26   4.51 0.398
Midwest 6.14   6.07 0.720 8.17a  7.00 0.000 17.21   16.51 0.231 3.88   4.15 0.244
South 5.49   5.46 0.851 7.40a  6.04 0.000 15.32   15.11 0.712 3.51   3.75 0.254
West 6.81a  7.58 0.016 8.22   7.85 0.429 17.05b  18.43 0.075 4.73a  5.58 0.030
Alabama 4.32   5.06 0.139 6.37   5.69 0.489 12.47   14.48 0.230 2.60   3.38 0.162
Alaska 9.78   11.53 0.122 11.08   9.18 0.199 23.99   25.21 0.603 7.14   9.31 0.127
Arizona 5.68   6.70 0.124 7.74   7.26 0.682 15.18   17.07 0.322 3.67   4.86 0.108
Arkansas 5.63   6.07 0.470 7.97   6.69 0.238 16.48   16.10 0.844 3.39   4.36 0.154
California 6.50a  7.68 0.015 7.66   7.68 0.974 16.09a  18.67 0.026 4.57b  5.57 0.083
Colorado 8.49   9.82 0.151 9.82   10.19 0.796 21.67   24.31 0.234 6.01   7.36 0.204
Connecticut 6.94   7.24 0.661 9.22   8.37 0.498 23.62   22.52 0.631 4.22   4.68 0.543
Delaware 6.89   6.98 0.880 9.41   7.49 0.102 22.06   22.54 0.839 3.96   4.33 0.573
District of Columbia 9.60   8.51 0.249 7.43   7.51 0.948 24.14b  19.51 0.067 6.93   6.15 0.471
Florida 6.58b  5.79 0.083 8.52a  6.28 0.002 17.68a  15.13 0.025 4.75   4.36 0.455
Georgia 4.93b  6.06 0.051 6.87   5.49 0.166 13.01   15.88 0.118 3.18a  4.47 0.045
Hawaii 6.95   8.48 0.117 10.23b  7.75 0.088 17.00   19.08 0.368 4.90b  6.87 0.089
Idaho 5.09   5.91 0.161 7.92   7.44 0.660 12.47   14.13 0.329 3.10b  4.25 0.083
Illinois 5.60   5.89 0.418 7.61   7.26 0.604 17.43   16.16 0.243 3.23   3.86 0.143
Indiana 6.12   6.11 0.976 7.37   7.23 0.898 17.19   16.47 0.720 3.91   4.21 0.664
Iowa 4.90   4.46 0.398 7.10   6.84 0.809 13.14   11.54 0.325 3.04   2.92 0.819
Kansas 4.91   5.03 0.824 7.39   5.95 0.156 13.92   12.94 0.553 2.79   3.43 0.262
Kentucky 5.62   4.81 0.146 8.16a  5.23 0.005 14.15   14.19 0.982 3.82   3.29 0.380
Louisiana 5.77   5.16 0.261 6.92a  4.81 0.034 17.04   15.20 0.314 3.33   3.27 0.926
Maine 7.95a  9.88 0.041 10.56   8.45 0.123 23.22   26.15 0.206 5.33a  7.77 0.028
Maryland 5.73   5.41 0.574 7.87   6.86 0.380 19.43   16.28 0.121 3.27   3.39 0.834
Massachusetts 7.80   8.70 0.226 10.53   9.05 0.251 24.54   24.79 0.914 4.79   5.80 0.227
Michigan 7.20   7.51 0.507 9.23b  7.85 0.051 18.49   18.90 0.698 4.95   5.53 0.305
Minnesota 6.37   5.97 0.510 8.92a  5.58 0.002 17.49   16.98 0.791 4.00   4.14 0.840
Mississippi 4.64   4.49 0.766 6.04   4.99 0.261 12.99   11.57 0.392 2.74   3.11 0.522
Missouri 6.76   5.94 0.221 7.43b  5.71 0.077 18.55   16.86 0.393 4.59   4.18 0.575
Montana 9.17   8.12 0.260 12.07a  8.80 0.016 20.66   22.11 0.504 6.71   5.70 0.348
Nebraska 5.97   5.36 0.304 9.13a  6.05 0.007 15.61   14.58 0.576 3.66   3.53 0.837
Nevada 7.62   6.99 0.417 9.58   8.97 0.646 18.29   18.31 0.991 5.68   5.06 0.479
New Hampshire 10.23   9.67 0.582 11.79   9.67 0.143 27.31   27.39 0.971 7.36   6.95 0.739
New Jersey 5.05   5.02 0.961 7.33   6.12 0.272 17.89   17.39 0.804 2.93   2.98 0.931
New Mexico 7.37   6.58 0.294 10.35   9.22 0.435 18.98   15.73 0.118 4.74   4.55 0.819
New York 7.34   7.74 0.360 8.76   8.49 0.727 21.44   23.14 0.166 4.82   4.88 0.907
North Carolina 5.89   6.27 0.532 8.44   7.13 0.226 17.22   16.75 0.799 3.66   4.46 0.232
North Dakota 5.35   4.68 0.248 7.58a  5.02 0.011 15.35a  10.65 0.007 2.94   3.30 0.576
Ohio 6.49   5.95 0.151 8.74b  7.60 0.096 18.22   17.27 0.369 4.17   3.88 0.514
Oklahoma 5.58   5.61 0.964 8.13b  6.25 0.090 15.51   14.09 0.445 3.31   3.98 0.308
Oregon 8.88   9.30 0.664 9.31   8.69 0.612 22.17   23.84 0.449 6.57   7.12 0.626
Pennsylvania 5.64   5.12 0.133 8.18a  6.38 0.004 17.66a  15.27 0.024 3.37   3.30 0.852
Rhode Island 9.56   9.98 0.656 10.86   9.11 0.226 29.93   27.09 0.297 5.70   6.87 0.270
South Carolina 5.65   5.92 0.657 7.25b  5.51 0.084 16.46   16.84 0.840 3.52   4.18 0.321
South Dakota 5.24   5.15 0.878 9.57a  6.60 0.018 14.66   13.57 0.530 2.74   3.44 0.286
Tennessee 4.59   5.45 0.111 6.37   5.22 0.213 13.40b  16.66 0.098 2.88   3.75 0.126
Texas 4.79   4.73 0.866 6.38   6.11 0.678 12.86   13.40 0.590 2.95   2.90 0.890
Utah 4.00   3.56 0.346 5.30   4.73 0.545 9.53   8.06 0.331 2.15   2.25 0.842
Vermont 9.77   10.83 0.307 13.32a  9.73 0.019 26.95   30.56 0.137 6.34   7.74 0.256
Virginia 5.96   5.31 0.255 8.43b  6.33 0.063 17.70   15.55 0.242 3.73   3.44 0.647
Washington 7.41   7.23 0.804 9.11   7.73 0.256 21.22b  17.18 0.055 4.82   5.57 0.361
West Virginia 5.12   5.51 0.494 8.62a  5.73 0.006 14.67   17.34 0.144 3.17   3.78 0.332
Wisconsin 5.40   6.21 0.154 7.71   7.19 0.648 15.98   17.42 0.431 3.18   4.20 0.103
Wyoming 5.45   5.41 0.949 7.14   7.51 0.738 15.59   15.36 0.902 3.27   3.38 0.862

101215

Table D.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 39.05a  36.06 0.000 33.66a  32.28 0.001 24.19a  21.75 0.000 42.38a  39.01 0.000
Northeast 36.36a  34.19 0.002 30.73   30.32 0.616 20.56b  19.24 0.082 39.58a  37.18 0.007
Midwest 38.02a  34.25 0.000 33.94   33.06 0.155 22.41a  20.03 0.000 41.39a  36.86 0.000
South 43.56a  40.03 0.000 35.89   34.85 0.115 27.51a  24.43 0.000 47.40a  43.33 0.000
West 35.24a  32.98 0.002 32.25a  29.09 0.000 23.64a  21.23 0.003 37.80a  35.64 0.019
Alabama 48.47a  41.10 0.000 39.58   39.75 0.946 30.97   28.74 0.339 52.76a  43.37 0.000
Alaska 27.54   27.77 0.902 25.38   27.96 0.333 17.53   17.09 0.830 29.65   29.76 0.963
Arizona 40.53a  34.87 0.006 34.76a  28.76 0.027 26.48b  22.74 0.087 43.90a  37.75 0.018
Arkansas 46.86a  39.83 0.001 39.51   36.76 0.307 27.94a  22.96 0.025 51.23a  42.96 0.002
California 36.63b  34.56 0.065 32.86a  28.19 0.001 25.51a  22.49 0.016 39.22   37.76 0.312
Colorado 28.74   26.77 0.290 28.97   25.15 0.110 17.51   14.95 0.170 30.67   28.94 0.457
Connecticut 34.36   33.12 0.553 27.71   28.63 0.724 17.99   17.81 0.924 37.62   36.10 0.558
Delaware 37.95a  33.60 0.034 30.07   30.69 0.801 22.13b  18.58 0.074 41.69a  36.46 0.039
District of Columbia 33.64a  29.12 0.025 28.14   27.67 0.872 19.51   16.89 0.214 36.90b  32.00 0.052
Florida 42.60   42.30 0.808 34.48   34.09 0.785 26.92   24.94 0.112 45.82   45.76 0.964
Georgia 44.17a  35.51 0.000 35.25b  30.51 0.053 30.63a  20.24 0.000 47.92a  38.81 0.000
Hawaii 34.25   33.85 0.848 29.60   29.25 0.894 24.59   21.66 0.228 36.43   36.31 0.965
Idaho 38.60a  33.56 0.007 36.63   33.84 0.259 26.41a  21.11 0.013 41.44a  35.71 0.015
Illinois 38.54a  36.10 0.033 33.22   32.75 0.734 22.90   22.30 0.632 42.05a  39.04 0.039
Indiana 41.91a  35.30 0.001 36.55   33.51 0.228 24.32b  20.33 0.057 45.90a  38.06 0.001
Iowa 44.24a  35.30 0.000 40.63   37.15 0.174 26.80a  20.30 0.002 48.03a  37.72 0.000
Kansas 42.85a  36.84 0.004 38.79b  34.29 0.089 24.23b  20.60 0.089 47.07a  40.21 0.010
Kentucky 41.86   41.46 0.848 38.83   39.32 0.850 26.11   24.39 0.445 44.97   44.39 0.819
Louisiana 45.73b  41.92 0.061 37.94   38.75 0.763 25.31   26.14 0.694 51.01a  45.39 0.031
Maine 31.33   28.15 0.114 26.71   29.10 0.306 14.91   14.98 0.969 34.37b  29.87 0.067
Maryland 35.62   35.09 0.797 30.86   31.85 0.684 22.51   20.60 0.404 38.35   37.96 0.879
Massachusetts 26.82   25.60 0.508 26.76   24.38 0.303 15.07   13.42 0.350 28.70   27.90 0.724
Michigan 35.94a  31.58 0.000 32.43   31.48 0.467 20.12a  17.60 0.016 39.19a  33.97 0.000
Minnesota 31.11   28.49 0.174 29.53   28.74 0.726 18.15   17.25 0.639 33.69   30.38 0.173
Mississippi 49.33   47.33 0.327 38.60   40.89 0.401 31.44   29.84 0.526 54.57   51.46 0.227
Missouri 36.69   36.12 0.776 33.96   35.06 0.645 22.99   21.67 0.543 39.49   38.63 0.733
Montana 33.27   31.06 0.259 28.46   29.35 0.703 18.13   16.42 0.350 36.66   33.71 0.230
Nebraska 41.65a  36.94 0.021 33.50b  37.89 0.093 27.59a  19.29 0.000 45.53a  40.16 0.037
Nevada 34.02   35.03 0.622 33.52   30.73 0.261 22.76   22.87 0.959 35.86   37.38 0.540
New Hampshire 28.34   25.34 0.125 22.61   23.39 0.728 12.94   12.37 0.725 31.53   27.56 0.105
New Jersey 41.79a  36.24 0.012 35.58a  29.41 0.015 23.13a  18.57 0.030 45.25a  39.82 0.047
New Mexico 39.36   39.23 0.952 30.44   30.99 0.834 23.00   23.16 0.944 43.80   43.28 0.846
New York 36.10b  34.04 0.087 30.29   28.74 0.254 22.59a  18.90 0.003 39.08   37.41 0.274
North Carolina 44.10a  34.07 0.000 36.16a  29.94 0.014 25.34b  21.64 0.085 48.29a  36.59 0.000
North Dakota 38.86   35.90 0.134 34.58   36.09 0.543 24.34b  20.55 0.076 42.50   39.32 0.206
Ohio 39.30a  34.21 0.000 35.11b  32.74 0.078 23.10a  19.57 0.002 42.66a  36.80 0.000
Oklahoma 42.65a  37.68 0.025 35.17   37.92 0.307 27.13   24.71 0.318 46.70a  40.01 0.016
Oregon 30.98a  26.83 0.033 28.97   26.52 0.309 16.99   15.22 0.329 33.61a  28.66 0.040
Pennsylvania 40.78   40.35 0.715 32.97a  38.33 0.000 21.48a  25.86 0.000 44.91   42.97 0.191
Rhode Island 31.91b  28.52 0.100 25.90   28.44 0.306 16.38   14.33 0.271 35.48b  31.20 0.097
South Carolina 43.44   40.30 0.139 36.41   34.06 0.334 24.77   23.33 0.506 47.68   43.84 0.145
South Dakota 37.53   37.83 0.875 35.30   35.51 0.937 21.83   22.49 0.750 40.94   40.90 0.988
Tennessee 42.06   39.38 0.184 35.74   34.89 0.739 26.26a  20.40 0.007 45.53   42.83 0.279
Texas 45.42   44.36 0.327 36.30   37.04 0.597 30.65b  28.26 0.066 49.77   48.46 0.355
Utah 42.42a  38.27 0.027 42.42   43.33 0.748 29.72   27.33 0.322 46.15a  40.16 0.017
Vermont 27.52   25.35 0.263 23.08   23.95 0.690 12.08   11.73 0.815 30.78   27.73 0.211
Virginia 40.45a  34.60 0.004 36.17a  30.82 0.031 23.35   21.55 0.379 43.80a  37.28 0.010
Washington 26.80   26.33 0.790 26.99   29.05 0.377 16.30   16.57 0.884 28.57   27.57 0.642
West Virginia 46.64   43.99 0.225 33.04a  38.22 0.042 25.76   24.04 0.432 51.58   47.48 0.125
Wisconsin 34.52   33.77 0.718 31.12   33.75 0.292 19.86   19.79 0.971 37.63   36.13 0.561
Wyoming 38.88   35.63 0.109 34.88b  39.60 0.096 21.04   21.59 0.783 42.85a  37.62 0.043

101215

Table D.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual marijuana initiation rate = 100 * {[X sub 1 ÷ (0.5 * X sub 1 + X sub 2)] ÷ 2}, where X sub 1 is the number of marijuana initiates in the past 24 months and X sub 2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X sub 1 and X sub 2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 1.81b  1.73 0.094 6.57a  5.70 0.000 6.82   6.98 0.507 0.13   0.12 0.978
Northeast 1.85b  1.73 0.093 7.10a  5.75 0.000 7.75   7.55 0.649 0.12   0.12 0.960
Midwest 1.88b  1.78 0.099 6.47a  5.56 0.000 7.35   7.36 0.964 0.13   0.12 0.790
South 1.70a  1.55 0.009 6.50a  5.20 0.000 6.25   6.27 0.943 0.12   0.12 0.865
West 1.89   2.00 0.238 6.38   6.57 0.564 6.58b  7.35 0.091 0.15   0.14 0.860
Alabama 1.55   1.36 0.212 5.97a  4.42 0.026 6.23   5.46 0.392 0.09   0.12 0.519
Alaska 2.68   2.30 0.175 7.77   6.37 0.139 8.43   7.28 0.391 0.16   0.17 0.938
Arizona 1.73   1.71 0.894 6.42   6.09 0.701 6.01   6.51 0.630 0.14   0.12 0.775
Arkansas 1.72   1.55 0.334 6.67a  5.13 0.041 7.11   6.93 0.879 0.10   0.12 0.594
California 1.79a  2.05 0.047 5.88   6.66 0.117 6.27b  7.37 0.094 0.14   0.14 0.861
Colorado 2.31   2.45 0.575 7.59   8.14 0.587 8.10   9.17 0.442 0.20   0.17 0.626
Connecticut 2.03   2.15 0.579 8.31   7.10 0.224 8.22   9.06 0.527 0.13   0.13 0.988
Delaware 1.89   2.14 0.238 7.94   6.70 0.190 7.21b  9.62 0.080 0.12   0.13 0.699
District of Columbia 1.96   2.33 0.129 6.89   7.26 0.691 8.17   8.38 0.871 0.17   0.24 0.397
Florida 1.58b  1.39 0.053 6.75a  5.35 0.002 6.44   6.20 0.689 0.12   0.11 0.741
Georgia 1.61   1.85 0.186 5.93   5.43 0.517 4.76a  6.85 0.030 0.13   0.17 0.436
Hawaii 1.98   1.70 0.246 7.02   6.39 0.559 8.90   7.54 0.378 0.07   0.11 0.504
Idaho 1.93   1.85 0.704 6.36   5.47 0.270 5.43   7.09 0.102 0.13   0.12 0.839
Illinois 1.76   1.73 0.818 6.24   5.64 0.183 6.87   6.81 0.927 0.13   0.11 0.745
Indiana 1.71   1.75 0.813 5.48   5.80 0.686 7.54   7.36 0.880 0.13   0.11 0.703
Iowa 1.62   1.54 0.622 5.37   5.31 0.932 7.15   5.86 0.212 0.11   0.10 0.819
Kansas 1.70   1.72 0.924 5.13   5.66 0.494 7.68   6.78 0.416 0.11   0.10 0.852
Kentucky 1.67   1.47 0.240 6.95b  5.43 0.055 6.29   5.99 0.778 0.12   0.14 0.623
Louisiana 1.76a  1.33 0.013 5.64a  3.90 0.012 7.91a  5.48 0.024 0.09   0.12 0.485
Maine 2.20a  1.73 0.025 8.31a  5.43 0.001 10.35   8.93 0.331 0.13   0.14 0.777
Maryland 1.86   1.73 0.497 6.67   5.40 0.112 7.16   7.85 0.547 0.13   0.11 0.726
Massachusetts 2.06   2.27 0.351 7.74   7.12 0.488 8.17   9.71 0.276 0.16   0.16 0.976
Michigan 2.06   2.09 0.795 6.78b  5.95 0.072 7.66   8.70 0.137 0.14   0.13 0.928
Minnesota 2.06   1.76 0.143 6.86a  4.85 0.009 7.15   7.80 0.581 0.15   0.11 0.493
Mississippi 1.43   1.33 0.539 4.55   4.07 0.478 5.33   5.14 0.823 0.09   0.11 0.564
Missouri 2.02a  1.64 0.046 7.10a  5.12 0.012 7.26   7.08 0.878 0.14   0.12 0.707
Montana 2.55a  2.04 0.027 9.08a  6.69 0.008 10.20   9.70 0.747 0.12   0.13 0.931
Nebraska 1.76   1.54 0.230 6.63a  4.49 0.007 5.99   6.26 0.792 0.11   0.10 0.714
Nevada 2.02   1.85 0.419 8.42   7.16 0.200 6.08   6.51 0.684 0.15   0.14 0.889
New Hampshire 2.58   2.27 0.234 8.82a  6.31 0.008 11.14   10.55 0.727 0.16   0.15 0.835
New Jersey 1.57   1.50 0.695 6.62a  4.90 0.023 5.97   7.69 0.115 0.12   0.10 0.725
New Mexico 2.35   2.07 0.259 8.26   7.87 0.731 10.49   7.97 0.128 0.14   0.12 0.714
New York 1.88   1.81 0.546 6.85b  6.04 0.100 8.02   7.35 0.380 0.12   0.13 0.690
North Carolina 1.81   1.69 0.499 7.81b  6.24 0.065 6.81   6.63 0.866 0.11   0.13 0.501
North Dakota 1.97a  1.54 0.025 6.96a  4.30 0.000 8.45b  6.44 0.080 0.09   0.08 0.830
Ohio 1.86   1.78 0.476 6.62a  5.59 0.022 7.30   7.43 0.849 0.12   0.13 0.765
Oklahoma 1.79b  1.46 0.068 6.33b  4.86 0.057 6.67   5.64 0.316 0.10   0.11 0.908
Oregon 1.95a  2.42 0.048 6.94   7.90 0.302 7.53   9.57 0.124 0.14   0.19 0.490
Pennsylvania 1.72a  1.34 0.000 6.65a  4.66 0.000 7.51a  5.90 0.012 0.10   0.10 0.885
Rhode Island 2.14   2.29 0.562 7.89   7.24 0.504 10.02   9.22 0.640 0.15   0.16 0.856
South Carolina 1.85a  1.46 0.027 6.56a  4.77 0.019 8.05   6.35 0.124 0.10   0.12 0.701
South Dakota 2.23a  1.59 0.001 8.39a  5.16 0.000 8.58b  6.66 0.093 0.10   0.09 0.934
Tennessee 1.38   1.25 0.348 5.09   4.08 0.118 5.50   5.90 0.689 0.10   0.12 0.697
Texas 1.78b  1.58 0.073 6.52a  5.19 0.004 5.55   5.81 0.652 0.14   0.11 0.544
Utah 1.77a  1.28 0.014 4.50   3.93 0.414 5.26a  3.54 0.043 0.13   0.11 0.726
Vermont 2.70   2.48 0.397 10.35a  7.36 0.003 10.44   11.89 0.430 0.15   0.15 0.988
Virginia 1.93   1.89 0.830 7.34b  5.96 0.098 7.50   7.55 0.960 0.12   0.13 0.761
Washington 2.07   1.95 0.580 7.14b  5.70 0.080 7.11   8.56 0.273 0.16   0.16 0.964
West Virginia 1.53b  1.27 0.077 7.29a  5.30 0.012 6.27   5.67 0.550 0.09   0.12 0.543
Wisconsin 2.06   1.91 0.452 7.17   6.11 0.217 8.25   8.31 0.965 0.12   0.11 0.816
Wyoming 1.92   1.92 0.979 6.44   6.51 0.931 7.06   7.67 0.608 0.12   0.11 0.803

101215

Table D.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 3.73b  3.53 0.088 5.70a  4.46 0.000 8.17   8.09 0.745 2.68   2.63 0.703
Northeast 3.38   3.45 0.670 5.35a  4.06 0.000 8.51   8.84 0.470 2.31   2.47 0.470
Midwest 3.48   3.27 0.163 5.48a  4.39 0.000 7.81   7.80 0.977 2.43   2.35 0.668
South 3.83a  3.43 0.008 5.85a  4.33 0.000 8.38b  7.72 0.057 2.76   2.59 0.369
West 4.11   4.00 0.635 5.97a  5.03 0.016 7.93   8.32 0.444 3.14   3.08 0.825
Alabama 3.72   3.84 0.792 5.36   4.89 0.593 8.06   9.38 0.293 2.73   2.77 0.944
Alaska 4.00   3.82 0.709 5.39   4.13 0.122 8.51   8.20 0.816 2.97   2.95 0.965
Arizona 4.66   4.16 0.409 7.22a  4.99 0.039 8.98   8.61 0.801 3.51   3.29 0.771
Arkansas 3.92   3.73 0.665 6.54a  4.63 0.037 9.24   8.37 0.503 2.62   2.86 0.666
California 3.94   4.02 0.832 5.79   5.24 0.364 7.02   7.91 0.229 3.11   3.10 0.984
Colorado 4.67a  3.61 0.044 6.47a  4.27 0.022 9.80   9.85 0.975 3.53b  2.50 0.099
Connecticut 3.25   3.42 0.691 5.35   4.43 0.307 7.57   8.60 0.407 2.35   2.48 0.802
Delaware 3.91   3.99 0.886 6.02   4.67 0.144 10.12   9.20 0.514 2.58   3.04 0.436
District of Columbia 4.06   4.04 0.960 4.22   4.45 0.790 6.65   6.55 0.928 3.54   3.43 0.882
Florida 3.70   3.39 0.350 5.17   4.48 0.211 8.41a  6.80 0.025 2.85   2.77 0.836
Georgia 3.97b  3.15 0.077 5.54b  3.98 0.066 8.05   7.88 0.891 3.01   2.23 0.171
Hawaii 3.46a  5.06 0.031 6.53   4.97 0.189 6.93   8.57 0.236 2.49a  4.51 0.024
Idaho 3.73   3.80 0.881 5.66   4.82 0.371 7.42   7.60 0.877 2.65   2.98 0.562
Illinois 3.30   3.23 0.825 5.22b  4.23 0.071 7.50   6.72 0.269 2.29   2.47 0.603
Indiana 3.56   3.98 0.345 5.69   5.38 0.749 8.30   8.53 0.847 2.39   3.03 0.233
Iowa 3.17a  2.01 0.003 4.37   3.79 0.508 7.35a  5.09 0.044 2.21a  1.24 0.042
Kansas 3.11   3.31 0.645 4.49   4.38 0.902 6.66   7.29 0.581 2.21   2.42 0.694
Kentucky 4.38   3.93 0.404 6.67a  4.68 0.036 9.83   8.95 0.529 3.14   3.05 0.884
Louisiana 4.24   3.78 0.346 6.14a  4.06 0.019 8.78   9.21 0.745 3.04   2.69 0.561
Maine 3.82   3.41 0.377 5.36   4.46 0.284 10.00   9.78 0.873 2.70   2.41 0.602
Maryland 3.44b  2.67 0.083 4.87   3.80 0.196 7.66   5.96 0.137 2.58   1.97 0.260
Massachusetts 3.63   4.09 0.334 6.40a  4.26 0.024 10.20   9.88 0.828 2.25   3.04 0.157
Michigan 3.62   3.80 0.573 6.44a  4.71 0.002 7.76b  9.08 0.071 2.50   2.78 0.470
Minnesota 3.21   2.83 0.331 5.27b  3.70 0.063 7.23   7.58 0.774 2.19   1.91 0.536
Mississippi 3.60   3.14 0.289 6.26   4.84 0.117 7.39   7.08 0.792 2.43   2.17 0.620
Missouri 4.16a  3.12 0.017 5.40   4.06 0.101 8.91   8.24 0.605 3.15b  2.16 0.069
Montana 3.78   3.45 0.470 7.03a  4.58 0.011 7.23   8.72 0.220 2.70   2.44 0.628
Nebraska 3.44   2.80 0.104 5.94b  4.32 0.082 8.20   6.34 0.110 2.17   1.93 0.612
Nevada 4.47   4.82 0.585 5.12   5.56 0.661 9.35   10.55 0.429 3.62   3.88 0.740
New Hampshire 4.05   4.20 0.754 6.20b  4.56 0.075 11.72   11.49 0.885 2.57   3.04 0.377
New Jersey 3.40   2.78 0.131 5.15b  3.61 0.052 9.12   7.71 0.261 2.36   1.92 0.367
New Mexico 4.57   3.79 0.169 6.26   5.37 0.405 9.94   7.71 0.132 3.30   2.86 0.521
New York 3.10b  3.65 0.074 4.87b  3.90 0.069 7.53a  9.30 0.026 2.14   2.60 0.220
North Carolina 3.96   3.64 0.470 6.90a  4.33 0.010 8.28   8.66 0.769 2.85   2.75 0.846
North Dakota 3.30a  2.12 0.002 5.76a  3.67 0.022 6.93b  4.98 0.064 2.19a  1.28 0.046
Ohio 3.44   3.24 0.480 5.27b  4.32 0.070 7.87   8.46 0.422 2.42   2.24 0.594
Oklahoma 4.41   4.95 0.379 6.33   5.04 0.228 10.88   10.81 0.967 2.89   3.87 0.177
Oregon 4.29   4.89 0.301 5.55   5.39 0.859 9.38   10.42 0.467 3.26   3.97 0.304
Pennsylvania 3.44   3.02 0.150 5.51a  4.17 0.011 8.04   7.50 0.459 2.43   2.14 0.416
Rhode Island 4.64   5.53 0.161 5.50   5.70 0.844 13.37   11.62 0.314 2.94b  4.37 0.064
South Carolina 3.58   4.06 0.412 5.30   4.79 0.573 8.73b  6.32 0.056 2.44   3.60 0.101
South Dakota 3.29a  2.24 0.008 6.38a  3.90 0.010 7.81a  5.23 0.022 1.95   1.48 0.296
Tennessee 3.64   3.56 0.854 5.46   4.33 0.200 7.40   7.87 0.710 2.78   2.80 0.964
Texas 3.89a  3.19 0.014 6.19a  4.17 0.001 8.33   7.44 0.221 2.66   2.25 0.231
Utah 3.74   3.75 0.982 5.35   4.47 0.320 7.30   8.54 0.319 2.39   2.43 0.946
Vermont 3.87   3.93 0.903 6.78a  4.14 0.005 9.22b  12.04 0.059 2.56   2.58 0.973
Virginia 3.54a  2.67 0.032 5.83a  4.01 0.047 7.95   6.46 0.174 2.51   1.86 0.179
Washington 4.22b  3.40 0.083 6.12b  4.39 0.059 9.77   7.73 0.125 3.01   2.58 0.438
West Virginia 3.51b  4.44 0.052 6.07   4.89 0.206 8.09a  11.27 0.017 2.48   3.40 0.111
Wisconsin 3.63   3.38 0.545 5.59   4.67 0.315 8.23   8.85 0.628 2.54   2.30 0.636
Wyoming 3.67a  2.78 0.033 5.12   4.46 0.436 8.14   6.86 0.292 2.61   1.85 0.125

101215

Table D.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.50a  2.00 0.000 1.90a  1.10 0.000 6.67a  5.40 0.000 1.85a  1.53 0.010
Northeast 2.52   2.33 0.242 1.67a  1.09 0.000 7.17b  6.45 0.082 1.89   1.78 0.597
Midwest 2.50a  1.82 0.000 1.93a  1.05 0.000 6.71a  5.10 0.000 1.83a  1.36 0.001
South 2.41a  1.82 0.000 1.96a  0.98 0.000 6.11a  4.60 0.000 1.83a  1.46 0.013
West 2.62a  2.21 0.014 1.96a  1.34 0.001 7.10a  6.07 0.019 1.89   1.62 0.176
Alabama 2.25a  1.40 0.004 1.66a  0.76 0.002 5.49a  3.40 0.010 1.75b  1.14 0.086
Alaska 2.40   3.00 0.250 2.44b  1.46 0.057 8.37   7.41 0.490 1.38   2.40 0.116
Arizona 3.45a  2.30 0.007 3.24a  1.38 0.001 8.53   6.90 0.216 2.57b  1.64 0.056
Arkansas 2.17a  1.44 0.020 1.86a  0.88 0.002 6.05a  3.46 0.005 1.52   1.19 0.347
California 2.54b  2.12 0.086 1.70   1.39 0.276 6.61   5.57 0.124 1.92   1.57 0.221
Colorado 3.90   3.23 0.207 2.64a  1.35 0.006 10.29   8.92 0.364 2.96   2.51 0.464
Connecticut 2.13   2.07 0.865 1.82   1.25 0.140 7.02   6.19 0.452 1.46   1.52 0.874
Delaware 2.76   2.37 0.359 1.61a  0.91 0.025 7.38   6.40 0.402 2.12   1.87 0.632
District of Columbia 3.58   3.77 0.809 0.65   0.44 0.251 4.55   5.07 0.580 3.65   3.78 0.891
Florida 2.53a  1.80 0.004 1.94a  1.04 0.000 6.83a  4.65 0.001 1.99b  1.46 0.073
Georgia 2.47a  1.53 0.008 1.68a  0.81 0.006 5.26   3.92 0.131 2.08b  1.22 0.053
Hawaii 1.76   1.75 0.975 1.70   1.24 0.335 5.52   4.33 0.246 1.17   1.39 0.543
Idaho 1.64   1.30 0.134 1.80   1.24 0.192 5.03   4.48 0.549 0.92   0.75 0.483
Illinois 2.44a  1.92 0.035 1.67a  0.99 0.002 6.53a  4.61 0.002 1.82   1.56 0.371
Indiana 2.57a  1.66 0.003 2.00a  1.09 0.022 7.20a  4.95 0.032 1.80b  1.18 0.079
Iowa 2.23a  1.12 0.000 2.18a  1.12 0.014 6.43a  3.61 0.003 1.44a  0.68 0.012
Kansas 2.21a  1.52 0.015 1.80b  1.10 0.072 6.31   4.97 0.186 1.48b  0.93 0.081
Kentucky 2.56a  1.41 0.000 2.05a  1.03 0.009 6.59a  4.38 0.029 1.93a  0.98 0.010
Louisiana 2.78   2.34 0.306 1.65a  0.85 0.009 5.38   4.72 0.452 2.42   2.08 0.531
Maine 2.30   2.29 0.977 2.18a  1.12 0.009 8.05   7.68 0.772 1.46   1.67 0.576
Maryland 2.05   1.52 0.130 1.38b  0.87 0.097 4.80   3.79 0.242 1.70   1.22 0.264
Massachusetts 2.85   2.44 0.273 2.05a  1.17 0.024 7.88   7.14 0.559 2.14   1.75 0.375
Michigan 2.59a  2.00 0.014 2.08a  1.05 0.000 6.26   5.72 0.356 2.03b  1.50 0.072
Minnesota 2.51a  1.78 0.019 2.35a  1.11 0.002 7.47a  5.12 0.032 1.64   1.29 0.315
Mississippi 2.05a  1.38 0.039 1.18a  0.63 0.033 4.18   3.12 0.158 1.75   1.16 0.146
Missouri 2.90a  2.01 0.016 2.03a  1.01 0.003 7.19   5.74 0.194 2.27b  1.53 0.089
Montana 2.48   2.31 0.592 2.51a  1.17 0.002 7.30   7.63 0.785 1.62   1.56 0.861
Nebraska 2.12a  1.57 0.047 2.16a  1.09 0.007 5.72   4.56 0.219 1.42   1.07 0.266
Nevada 2.38   2.33 0.891 1.97   1.50 0.293 7.35   6.76 0.628 1.66   1.78 0.750
New Hampshire 2.97   2.74 0.575 2.66a  1.23 0.002 10.17   8.98 0.427 1.89   1.97 0.864
New Jersey 2.25   1.76 0.124 1.78a  1.03 0.038 6.49   4.92 0.137 1.71   1.36 0.353
New Mexico 3.07a  2.16 0.016 2.81a  1.30 0.004 10.03a  6.55 0.012 1.81   1.46 0.392
New York 2.59   2.66 0.804 1.41   1.09 0.171 6.93   7.31 0.600 2.02   2.01 0.990
North Carolina 2.43   2.09 0.314 1.92a  0.90 0.002 6.42   4.83 0.111 1.83   1.79 0.927
North Dakota 1.94a  1.22 0.005 1.95a  1.05 0.027 5.94a  3.72 0.016 1.10   0.69 0.135
Ohio 2.53a  1.50 0.000 1.69a  1.03 0.004 6.99a  4.53 0.000 1.88a  1.06 0.003
Oklahoma 2.02b  1.51 0.052 1.86b  1.14 0.067 5.99   4.70 0.191 1.27   0.98 0.302
Oregon 2.45   2.63 0.622 1.91b  1.23 0.073 7.25   7.99 0.546 1.71   1.96 0.532
Pennsylvania 2.37   2.03 0.214 1.49a  1.01 0.034 6.62a  4.84 0.004 1.79   1.69 0.746
Rhode Island 3.79   3.87 0.900 2.10b  1.26 0.064 12.05   9.30 0.104 2.50   3.16 0.364
South Carolina 2.64   2.77 0.797 1.71a  0.82 0.006 6.36   4.89 0.131 2.11   2.66 0.343
South Dakota 1.89a  1.19 0.004 2.41a  0.95 0.001 5.49b  3.91 0.074 1.10   0.73 0.139
Tennessee 2.36a  1.58 0.011 1.85a  0.92 0.004 6.08b  4.27 0.053 1.80   1.25 0.134
Texas 2.44a  1.90 0.013 2.58a  1.15 0.000 6.66a  5.10 0.016 1.58   1.40 0.478
Utah 1.95b  1.44 0.071 1.52   1.16 0.373 4.78   4.15 0.488 1.21   0.82 0.198
Vermont 2.98   2.99 0.985 2.81a  1.22 0.001 9.73   10.17 0.771 1.85   2.02 0.695
Virginia 2.24   1.76 0.136 1.72b  1.04 0.056 5.52   4.95 0.542 1.78   1.31 0.223
Washington 2.11   2.11 0.994 1.77   1.20 0.126 7.15   6.20 0.403 1.29   1.56 0.467
West Virginia 2.30   2.55 0.496 2.61a  1.05 0.000 7.42   7.70 0.825 1.44   1.97 0.186
Wisconsin 2.45   2.71 0.493 1.98a  1.17 0.039 6.62   7.22 0.615 1.77   2.14 0.391
Wyoming 2.21a  1.46 0.010 1.80b  1.11 0.070 7.60a  5.24 0.037 1.25   0.83 0.202

101215

Table D.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 4.79   4.84 0.708 7.61a  6.51 0.000 11.70   11.94 0.388 3.20   3.40 0.207
Northeast 4.05b  4.38 0.089 6.37a  5.30 0.003 11.22   12.00 0.123 2.62   2.98 0.107
Midwest 4.58   4.85 0.111 7.53a  6.74 0.011 11.68   12.21 0.208 2.90a  3.33 0.031
South 4.92   4.79 0.433 7.88a  6.50 0.000 12.08   11.87 0.605 3.27   3.37 0.613
West 5.42   5.29 0.626 8.23a  7.21 0.029 11.51   11.74 0.678 3.90   3.87 0.917
Alabama 4.89   5.12 0.611 8.01   7.55 0.683 12.98   13.02 0.975 3.03   3.47 0.413
Alaska 5.34   5.24 0.863 8.09   7.18 0.442 12.72   11.57 0.464 3.58   3.76 0.792
Arizona 6.07   6.00 0.919 9.35   7.47 0.131 13.91   13.82 0.961 4.18   4.48 0.711
Arkansas 5.03   5.09 0.909 7.95   7.63 0.784 13.38   12.29 0.490 3.15   3.59 0.420
California 5.20   4.76 0.227 7.53   6.76 0.249 9.79   10.19 0.633 4.02   3.44 0.194
Colorado 6.08   5.68 0.502 8.98   7.35 0.181 13.94   13.73 0.899 4.31   4.13 0.790
Connecticut 4.03   3.79 0.597 5.70   4.96 0.400 11.54   10.50 0.470 2.72   2.59 0.787
Delaware 5.12   5.56 0.456 7.30   6.38 0.359 13.90   13.49 0.806 3.33   4.13 0.234
District of Columbia 3.52   3.69 0.730 5.26   4.35 0.298 6.73   7.78 0.358 2.73   2.71 0.966
Florida 4.85a  4.14 0.044 7.03b  5.94 0.079 12.83a  10.35 0.006 3.45   3.03 0.305
Georgia 5.12   4.62 0.323 8.41a  6.24 0.048 10.66   11.85 0.402 3.64   3.17 0.424
Hawaii 3.90b  5.06 0.071 6.52   5.96 0.629 9.41   11.33 0.220 2.67b  3.96 0.085
Idaho 5.63   5.79 0.757 8.72   7.91 0.493 13.57   12.80 0.614 3.48   4.25 0.208
Illinois 4.02   4.12 0.734 6.76b  5.68 0.087 10.92   9.66 0.138 2.42   2.91 0.167
Indiana 5.88   5.72 0.773 8.37   8.15 0.844 15.82   13.92 0.281 3.70   4.02 0.613
Iowa 3.42   3.62 0.627 6.28   5.75 0.586 8.78   9.18 0.759 2.02   2.37 0.465
Kansas 4.36   5.02 0.170 6.14   7.57 0.190 10.84   11.55 0.618 2.84   3.46 0.265
Kentucky 6.50   5.97 0.420 9.96b  7.66 0.066 17.48   15.44 0.278 4.16   4.29 0.859
Louisiana 5.16   5.31 0.773 7.46   6.21 0.223 13.19   13.74 0.731 3.20   3.57 0.543
Maine 4.61   4.70 0.843 7.16   6.25 0.384 14.07   13.57 0.763 2.87   3.30 0.417
Maryland 4.03   3.75 0.520 5.95   5.18 0.397 10.52   9.40 0.420 2.75   2.62 0.798
Massachusetts 5.28   5.31 0.955 7.78a  5.47 0.028 14.68   14.14 0.746 3.47   3.72 0.691
Michigan 5.18   5.69 0.184 9.70a  7.44 0.003 11.90a  13.87 0.029 3.37   4.07 0.130
Minnesota 3.93   4.40 0.301 6.37   6.08 0.756 8.79a  11.63 0.045 2.70   2.96 0.631
Mississippi 4.40   4.71 0.490 8.48   7.70 0.514 10.05   11.01 0.503 2.64   3.13 0.334
Missouri 5.17   4.40 0.124 7.75   6.11 0.117 12.93   12.30 0.684 3.44   2.89 0.322
Montana 4.22a  5.30 0.032 8.06   7.18 0.423 10.19a  14.14 0.006 2.61b  3.60 0.094
Nebraska 3.82   3.55 0.530 7.31   5.64 0.102 10.05   9.27 0.572 2.11   2.19 0.863
Nevada 5.66   5.87 0.736 9.61   8.34 0.347 13.30   14.30 0.540 3.93   4.30 0.610
New Hampshire 5.33   5.91 0.299 7.91   7.00 0.398 16.19   16.78 0.752 3.28   4.11 0.187
New Jersey 3.61   3.76 0.719 5.89   4.57 0.137 9.95   11.55 0.254 2.42   2.46 0.932
New Mexico 5.18   5.66 0.446 8.36   8.47 0.933 10.80   11.55 0.623 3.64   4.20 0.453
New York 3.72a  4.37 0.035 6.02   5.22 0.184 9.78a  12.05 0.010 2.43   2.89 0.199
North Carolina 5.07   5.00 0.904 8.81   7.10 0.141 12.09   12.41 0.833 3.40   3.55 0.803
North Dakota 3.54   3.92 0.403 6.34   6.21 0.898 7.76   9.35 0.219 2.27   2.42 0.769
Ohio 4.53a  5.47 0.004 7.09   7.35 0.697 11.98a  14.62 0.005 2.90a  3.73 0.035
Oklahoma 5.81a  8.13 0.003 9.24   9.36 0.928 15.12   18.14 0.130 3.53a  6.15 0.004
Oregon 5.73b  6.81 0.100 9.20   8.80 0.752 14.56   15.56 0.551 3.78b  5.22 0.063
Pennsylvania 3.81   4.12 0.305 6.24   5.57 0.253 10.86   10.33 0.518 2.36   2.93 0.118
Rhode Island 5.91   6.13 0.738 7.42   6.55 0.428 16.95   16.05 0.643 3.71   4.22 0.499
South Carolina 4.94   4.74 0.701 7.50   6.96 0.609 11.91   11.17 0.613 3.36   3.41 0.931
South Dakota 3.68   3.80 0.787 7.63b  5.82 0.077 8.75   9.73 0.456 2.09   2.47 0.444
Tennessee 4.65   4.88 0.630 9.08a  6.61 0.026 11.41   12.71 0.428 2.94   3.48 0.329
Texas 4.90   4.56 0.307 7.60a  5.80 0.005 11.11   11.22 0.898 3.24   3.12 0.760
Utah 5.57   5.34 0.644 7.81   6.83 0.353 11.95   12.01 0.970 3.27   3.41 0.799
Vermont 5.37   4.62 0.119 8.93a  5.75 0.004 14.60   13.58 0.536 3.31   3.02 0.604
Virginia 4.35   4.63 0.568 7.93   6.91 0.344 10.75   11.15 0.772 2.84   3.24 0.460
Washington 5.86   6.09 0.711 10.19   8.10 0.104 15.25   14.44 0.642 3.66   4.50 0.230
West Virginia 5.34   5.91 0.322 8.87   7.54 0.244 15.67   15.49 0.918 3.27b  4.36 0.094
Wisconsin 4.66   4.84 0.687 7.58   7.02 0.616 12.67   12.95 0.856 2.81   3.21 0.460
Wyoming 4.98a  3.89 0.029 8.00   6.71 0.245 12.68b  9.87 0.054 3.08   2.48 0.283

101215

Table D.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 50.50a  51.75 0.018 17.67a  14.66 0.000 60.91   61.51 0.450 53.22a  54.83 0.008
Northeast 55.33b  56.66 0.096 19.24a  16.23 0.000 66.19   67.82 0.116 58.21   59.68 0.127
Midwest 52.96b  54.21 0.056 18.98a  15.18 0.000 66.22   65.09 0.213 55.35a  57.37 0.011
South 45.89a  47.77 0.004 16.75a  13.69 0.000 57.13   57.55 0.656 47.95a  50.48 0.001
West 51.24   51.78 0.509 16.58a  14.52 0.001 57.43b  59.36 0.081 55.15   55.41 0.803
Alabama 36.83a  42.96 0.002 15.00   12.72 0.116 50.96   54.51 0.180 37.27a  44.84 0.002
Alaska 50.89b  54.44 0.079 15.90   14.23 0.340 59.83   60.34 0.851 55.92   59.28 0.189
Arizona 50.20   51.26 0.614 18.69a  14.72 0.031 58.45   59.45 0.703 53.29   54.73 0.582
Arkansas 38.93a  43.29 0.028 16.71   15.44 0.461 53.79   55.93 0.431 39.34a  44.78 0.027
California 50.97   50.65 0.787 15.28   14.05 0.208 55.53a  59.71 0.008 55.38   54.02 0.371
Colorado 59.22   62.15 0.129 20.63   20.27 0.856 68.89   69.55 0.793 62.79   66.01 0.172
Connecticut 57.93   59.32 0.500 18.88   18.63 0.897 72.28b  67.78 0.063 61.02   63.07 0.413
Delaware 53.06   56.32 0.121 18.35   16.29 0.243 62.71a  68.56 0.017 55.89   59.19 0.207
District of Columbia 56.69a  61.57 0.018 13.02   15.41 0.161 67.17b  71.72 0.070 58.52a  63.60 0.046
Florida 52.44   51.44 0.415 17.35b  15.29 0.051 59.66b  56.80 0.072 55.68   54.64 0.481
Georgia 46.07   48.99 0.151 15.09   13.52 0.314 52.19a  58.20 0.032 49.41   52.32 0.254
Hawaii 48.71   48.23 0.829 17.96a  11.61 0.000 58.57   57.10 0.610 51.28   50.96 0.905
Idaho 47.70   45.66 0.288 17.37a  13.01 0.008 53.62   52.41 0.656 51.34   49.11 0.360
Illinois 51.71a  54.27 0.030 18.65a  15.05 0.000 64.16   64.87 0.638 54.10a  57.53 0.020
Indiana 46.60   47.97 0.492 16.04   14.48 0.359 61.78   57.96 0.136 48.16   50.69 0.308
Iowa 55.37   56.65 0.519 20.18   17.29 0.106 67.28   69.21 0.449 57.79   59.35 0.533
Kansas 48.92a  53.93 0.017 19.41a  15.91 0.048 65.89   66.39 0.844 49.96a  56.66 0.012
Kentucky 40.57   38.72 0.347 18.75a  12.24 0.000 58.07a  50.58 0.005 40.27   40.08 0.937
Louisiana 46.27   48.35 0.275 19.35a  15.29 0.022 61.41   61.65 0.926 47.30   50.30 0.212
Maine 52.17   55.12 0.159 16.55   14.38 0.192 66.76   65.64 0.655 54.44   58.12 0.148
Maryland 54.67   54.00 0.746 17.14a  13.29 0.026 64.21   60.82 0.209 58.34   58.03 0.906
Massachusetts 59.59   61.59 0.309 21.04a  16.69 0.019 68.94   72.45 0.154 62.75   64.92 0.376
Michigan 53.78   54.64 0.462 19.23a  14.56 0.000 66.30b  63.64 0.054 56.54   58.38 0.202
Minnesota 58.45   61.02 0.201 19.54a  14.56 0.005 70.68   68.33 0.348 61.73   65.58 0.126
Mississippi 35.54a  40.35 0.014 14.72   12.74 0.202 50.24   52.89 0.337 35.72a  41.92 0.011
Missouri 53.21   49.97 0.112 19.67a  13.76 0.000 64.52   60.99 0.176 55.85   52.75 0.229
Montana 55.36b  58.96 0.093 24.73   21.46 0.105 69.29   68.93 0.884 57.19b  61.81 0.085
Nebraska 53.98   53.68 0.888 22.24a  13.79 0.000 68.38   65.31 0.217 55.77   56.73 0.717
Nevada 50.68b  54.45 0.092 18.40b  15.15 0.065 56.37   60.35 0.141 54.12   58.62 0.102
New Hampshire 59.80a  63.95 0.040 21.44a  17.62 0.045 71.78   75.12 0.162 63.20b  67.88 0.062
New Jersey 57.73   54.27 0.112 18.77a  15.12 0.026 65.06   64.93 0.957 61.72   57.49 0.114
New Mexico 47.83   47.62 0.917 20.67a  15.64 0.010 60.78   57.06 0.165 49.67   50.09 0.872
New York 54.71   55.71 0.432 19.49a  16.78 0.014 64.34   66.34 0.208 57.59   58.55 0.539
North Carolina 40.59a  47.46 0.001 16.12a  12.75 0.037 56.43   58.46 0.437 41.18a  49.99 0.001
North Dakota 58.04   57.77 0.899 25.23a  18.91 0.002 73.06   71.74 0.575 59.42   59.45 0.989
Ohio 51.81   51.60 0.867 17.52a  14.91 0.008 65.40   65.39 0.992 54.20   54.01 0.898
Oklahoma 42.94   45.66 0.192 16.04   13.86 0.212 58.23   59.09 0.752 43.81   47.36 0.178
Oregon 53.14a  59.83 0.002 17.07   17.74 0.711 65.32   66.78 0.567 55.79a  63.65 0.003
Pennsylvania 51.10a  55.40 0.001 18.06a  14.98 0.003 64.85a  68.45 0.018 53.14a  58.10 0.001
Rhode Island 58.96   59.98 0.629 22.12a  18.19 0.049 76.07a  71.13 0.035 60.38   62.89 0.345
South Carolina 45.07   45.96 0.673 14.36   12.38 0.193 61.10a  53.45 0.004 46.35   48.90 0.330
South Dakota 55.18   57.85 0.179 22.07a  15.62 0.001 71.49   70.76 0.761 56.98   60.99 0.110
Tennessee 36.27a  41.08 0.018 13.27   11.32 0.186 46.50a  53.36 0.014 37.48a  42.82 0.032
Texas 47.27   48.49 0.292 17.56a  14.10 0.001 57.99   58.42 0.780 49.86   51.62 0.226
Utah 29.57   28.08 0.462 10.23a  6.87 0.020 35.74   31.96 0.209 31.40   30.67 0.790
Vermont 58.43   60.18 0.411 22.00b  18.28 0.056 73.45   73.67 0.924 60.69   62.74 0.439
Virginia 51.17   50.77 0.838 18.40a  12.93 0.001 61.25   60.21 0.679 53.91   53.81 0.969
Washington 56.31   56.04 0.893 18.15a  13.94 0.019 63.66   60.77 0.237 60.33   60.44 0.964
West Virginia 37.20   38.14 0.662 18.28a  13.20 0.003 53.18   53.52 0.897 36.81   38.61 0.491
Wisconsin 57.92b  61.74 0.051 21.39   18.60 0.129 72.05   71.80 0.910 60.48a  65.37 0.048
Wyoming 52.14   54.11 0.343 18.30   17.22 0.539 66.48   62.29 0.101 54.35   57.27 0.270

101215

Table D.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 22.75a  23.46 0.015 10.65a  8.82 0.000 41.25   41.35 0.824 21.20a  22.25 0.006
Northeast 23.82   24.48 0.245 11.33a  9.82 0.003 44.69   44.98 0.728 22.10   22.79 0.329
Midwest 25.18   25.91 0.102 12.11a  9.43 0.000 47.13b  45.94 0.078 23.09a  24.58 0.009
South 21.22a  22.07 0.041 9.68a  7.96 0.000 38.12   37.81 0.648 19.87a  21.22 0.011
West 21.81   22.49 0.225 10.19a  8.81 0.009 37.60a  39.69 0.028 20.61   21.21 0.411
Alabama 18.10b  20.48 0.087 8.23   7.41 0.478 34.97   35.43 0.836 16.45b  19.61 0.071
Alaska 23.13   24.17 0.482 11.42   9.71 0.226 41.22   40.08 0.651 22.26   23.32 0.576
Arizona 24.32   23.15 0.454 11.94a  8.79 0.037 41.43   41.16 0.918 23.04   22.01 0.599
Arkansas 21.76   20.53 0.399 11.31b  8.99 0.083 39.76   38.23 0.544 19.99   19.12 0.624
California 21.25   22.15 0.301 9.16   8.54 0.448 35.41a  38.95 0.017 20.43   20.83 0.721
Colorado 25.75   26.26 0.745 11.04   10.91 0.928 46.73   47.52 0.763 24.10   24.58 0.805
Connecticut 23.09a  27.03 0.023 11.18   13.31 0.210 48.14   46.83 0.605 21.04a  25.62 0.031
Delaware 23.71   26.23 0.114 10.46   9.38 0.488 42.89a  48.25 0.038 22.12   24.63 0.210
District of Columbia 25.34a  29.69 0.015 5.62   7.23 0.195 39.25a  46.44 0.007 24.35b  28.02 0.100
Florida 21.74   21.91 0.857 9.50b  8.18 0.093 39.02   37.38 0.245 20.76   21.14 0.746
Georgia 20.73   21.44 0.619 8.20   6.97 0.270 33.73   36.39 0.285 20.17   20.89 0.688
Hawaii 23.68   22.78 0.600 11.93a  7.13 0.001 41.12   38.99 0.454 22.47   21.96 0.806
Idaho 21.05   20.16 0.531 11.57a  8.56 0.025 36.12   35.66 0.848 19.45   19.09 0.840
Illinois 25.17   26.43 0.172 11.70a  9.71 0.014 46.77   46.28 0.729 23.22   25.04 0.125
Indiana 22.27   22.97 0.622 9.82   9.35 0.715 45.11b  40.83 0.081 19.83   21.75 0.281
Iowa 26.34   28.55 0.148 13.85b  11.10 0.065 48.87   50.15 0.620 23.72b  26.92 0.097
Kansas 21.71a  25.12 0.025 11.56   9.46 0.141 45.26   45.63 0.886 18.63a  23.37 0.014
Kentucky 19.24   20.29 0.451 11.08a  8.08 0.021 38.83   37.68 0.647 16.86   19.05 0.199
Louisiana 23.77   23.59 0.905 10.87a  8.12 0.023 40.36   38.40 0.400 22.39   22.86 0.808
Maine 21.74   22.07 0.816 11.12a  7.82 0.014 44.67   45.32 0.798 19.64   20.41 0.655
Maryland 21.65   20.92 0.628 9.43   8.15 0.288 39.77   36.65 0.208 20.48   19.89 0.752
Massachusetts 27.22   24.89 0.147 14.19a  10.28 0.013 46.98   46.88 0.967 25.64   22.70 0.135
Michigan 24.46   25.33 0.325 12.06a  8.50 0.000 44.49   43.10 0.299 22.75   24.52 0.116
Minnesota 28.07   26.93 0.478 13.27a  8.00 0.000 49.84   47.21 0.313 26.22   25.84 0.851
Mississippi 19.70   20.26 0.682 8.52   7.22 0.274 32.24   33.38 0.637 18.86   19.68 0.642
Missouri 24.56   24.23 0.827 12.61a  8.80 0.004 43.89   42.44 0.548 22.80   23.19 0.833
Montana 27.41   26.95 0.786 17.85a  13.81 0.024 50.83   50.53 0.907 24.58   24.59 0.993
Nebraska 26.26   25.83 0.771 14.30a  8.49 0.000 49.83   46.83 0.238 23.44   24.13 0.717
Nevada 20.87a  26.13 0.001 10.90   9.30 0.247 33.81a  43.31 0.000 20.17a  25.75 0.006
New Hampshire 24.02   25.35 0.378 13.29   11.23 0.180 49.11   51.34 0.387 21.59   23.10 0.416
New Jersey 21.74b  24.41 0.090 10.11   9.18 0.499 41.95   44.13 0.378 20.36   23.26 0.134
New Mexico 24.00   22.87 0.455 14.04a  10.18 0.017 41.39   38.25 0.233 22.31   21.71 0.750
New York 24.27   24.08 0.852 10.71   10.06 0.440 42.55   43.67 0.444 22.96   22.27 0.576
North Carolina 19.31   20.84 0.259 10.02a  7.38 0.025 38.03   36.88 0.633 17.40   19.91 0.136
North Dakota 31.37   29.77 0.339 16.58a  12.51 0.019 55.15   53.52 0.540 28.43   26.59 0.379
Ohio 24.40   25.33 0.298 11.31a  9.74 0.048 45.99   46.98 0.467 22.50   23.76 0.267
Oklahoma 19.01a  22.34 0.023 10.70   9.52 0.429 37.98   38.88 0.723 16.53a  21.00 0.015
Oregon 20.52a  23.98 0.020 10.70   10.01 0.618 40.58a  46.12 0.031 18.40a  22.18 0.039
Pennsylvania 22.83   24.05 0.182 11.24a  8.68 0.001 45.96   44.83 0.421 20.59b  22.49 0.095
Rhode Island 26.97   27.22 0.887 12.73a  9.56 0.039 55.31a  48.45 0.015 23.56   25.35 0.423
South Carolina 22.54   21.83 0.623 8.80a  6.33 0.025 42.03a  35.79 0.009 20.93   21.47 0.767
South Dakota 28.13   29.71 0.343 15.85a  9.55 0.000 54.15   52.28 0.459 24.89   28.26 0.114
Tennessee 16.55   18.72 0.111 8.39   7.07 0.232 29.89   33.37 0.161 15.34   17.89 0.128
Texas 23.90   24.19 0.743 9.84b  8.50 0.091 40.02   38.98 0.442 22.96   23.68 0.525
Utah 15.86   14.07 0.184 7.86b  5.48 0.056 24.95   23.71 0.617 14.70   13.10 0.371
Vermont 25.51   26.03 0.743 14.70a  10.76 0.015 49.19   51.90 0.309 22.87   23.54 0.730
Virginia 20.51a  23.58 0.038 10.70b  8.41 0.065 40.44   42.98 0.292 18.58b  22.15 0.057
Washington 20.94   21.39 0.753 11.06a  8.57 0.050 41.67   40.36 0.597 18.76   19.91 0.518
West Virginia 19.33   20.11 0.578 13.11a  8.14 0.001 38.11   38.69 0.813 17.02   18.72 0.318
Wisconsin 28.98   29.03 0.980 13.48   11.00 0.105 54.87   51.66 0.200 26.50   27.43 0.667
Wyoming 24.93   23.31 0.279 12.94   11.39 0.408 49.68a  41.75 0.003 21.98   21.53 0.808

101215

Table D.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 42.04   41.93 0.766 38.36a  40.23 0.000 32.56   33.25 0.101 44.20   43.65 0.221
Northeast 39.65   40.27 0.368 36.76a  39.55 0.001 28.81a  30.85 0.009 41.75   41.95 0.811
Midwest 38.83   38.79 0.944 37.30   37.87 0.417 28.48   28.95 0.429 40.89   40.61 0.672
South 44.60   44.05 0.315 40.12a  41.95 0.009 35.85   36.13 0.661 46.74   45.65 0.114
West 43.24   42.91 0.637 37.93a  40.27 0.011 34.44   34.69 0.784 45.63   44.76 0.337
Alabama 46.19   45.40 0.677 42.74   44.90 0.376 37.64   37.95 0.899 48.17   46.73 0.546
Alaska 40.78   41.32 0.774 35.13a  42.68 0.003 29.24   29.84 0.813 43.78   43.29 0.839
Arizona 39.54b  43.40 0.066 36.77   39.31 0.331 33.66   36.53 0.243 41.00   45.11 0.115
Arkansas 43.34   43.17 0.929 41.25   42.05 0.734 35.99   33.89 0.384 44.93   44.82 0.963
California 45.47b  43.50 0.082 38.79a  41.71 0.049 37.05   36.20 0.570 48.00b  45.16 0.052
Colorado 38.39   40.66 0.248 32.48b  37.23 0.052 28.41   30.02 0.499 40.94   42.85 0.435
Connecticut 39.85   40.83 0.627 36.18b  40.68 0.069 27.52a  32.27 0.046 42.12   42.21 0.972
Delaware 39.62   40.62 0.612 39.63   40.36 0.777 29.37   31.83 0.337 41.39   42.11 0.765
District of Columbia 45.47a  40.74 0.017 43.87   46.12 0.395 37.24   33.09 0.129 47.24a  41.96 0.033
Florida 44.38   44.71 0.778 40.02   41.43 0.316 37.54   37.67 0.929 45.89   46.10 0.882
Georgia 47.12   45.66 0.483 42.61   46.62 0.126 38.37   36.10 0.381 49.36   47.16 0.387
Hawaii 39.86   39.77 0.967 38.93   42.44 0.195 32.94   32.33 0.816 41.09   40.65 0.865
Idaho 39.96   40.39 0.814 37.53   37.59 0.981 30.42   32.36 0.398 42.33   42.20 0.956
Illinois 40.66   40.03 0.586 38.28   38.75 0.749 31.51   30.47 0.443 42.61   41.93 0.644
Indiana 42.73   39.79 0.119 40.32   38.52 0.464 30.82   29.34 0.524 45.27   41.72 0.133
Iowa 34.19   35.42 0.526 31.78a  37.75 0.014 25.92   24.66 0.565 36.09   37.03 0.699
Kansas 40.70   37.96 0.149 38.43b  34.03 0.093 28.12   26.17 0.397 43.47   40.68 0.245
Kentucky 42.34   42.68 0.859 39.08   42.27 0.213 33.87   33.20 0.772 44.23   44.21 0.996
Louisiana 43.83   45.51 0.355 39.89b  44.63 0.055 35.50a  40.57 0.036 46.10   46.59 0.832
Maine 36.26   37.31 0.583 32.80   36.00 0.175 24.59   26.22 0.412 38.44   38.98 0.817
Maryland 41.88   43.11 0.547 38.85b  43.46 0.077 35.09   37.67 0.319 43.37   43.98 0.808
Massachusetts 34.67   35.38 0.711 34.03   34.17 0.957 24.06   26.45 0.277 36.44   37.11 0.780
Michigan 39.74   39.24 0.640 38.10   38.88 0.564 29.27a  31.76 0.034 41.79   40.56 0.362
Minnesota 36.35   37.05 0.706 36.49   38.04 0.538 24.65   27.32 0.214 38.45   38.59 0.954
Mississippi 49.91   48.12 0.385 44.09   46.37 0.392 41.78   42.16 0.887 52.44   49.47 0.256
Missouri 38.35   41.27 0.121 36.71   39.91 0.168 28.92   30.72 0.428 40.25   43.18 0.214
Montana 36.33   39.01 0.173 31.95   33.58 0.474 24.62a  29.72 0.018 39.04   41.21 0.380
Nebraska 37.99   35.26 0.149 35.97   35.09 0.715 25.27   24.83 0.841 40.73   37.26 0.148
Nevada 41.75b  45.35 0.091 38.57   41.54 0.250 35.01   36.05 0.667 43.24   47.21 0.133
New Hampshire 33.32   35.67 0.222 27.98a  33.53 0.019 20.30   23.13 0.151 36.08   37.85 0.464
New Jersey 44.79b  40.81 0.053 38.38   34.86 0.167 34.09   31.57 0.291 47.14   42.97 0.101
New Mexico 47.07   45.96 0.595 40.01   37.57 0.360 37.35   37.07 0.911 49.98   48.71 0.631
New York 41.50   41.98 0.684 39.15   41.52 0.115 31.25   31.94 0.614 43.50   43.85 0.813
North Carolina 45.72   43.58 0.255 39.55   38.88 0.790 33.43   35.63 0.355 48.60   45.44 0.176
North Dakota 33.65   34.95 0.480 32.51   34.34 0.445 23.09   25.16 0.347 36.02   37.22 0.610
Ohio 37.72   39.34 0.155 37.89   37.38 0.696 28.46   28.02 0.721 39.29   41.45 0.138
Oklahoma 43.77   42.90 0.673 37.84   39.23 0.595 31.48   34.26 0.278 46.98   44.95 0.439
Oregon 39.88   38.74 0.550 36.22   34.85 0.565 29.13   27.16 0.362 42.18   40.98 0.608
Pennsylvania 37.29a  40.82 0.003 35.40a  43.51 0.000 26.27a  32.28 0.000 39.32b  41.90 0.089
Rhode Island 36.25   38.41 0.273 34.95b  39.46 0.066 27.75   31.08 0.179 37.96   39.66 0.486
South Carolina 45.48   45.70 0.915 42.76   41.50 0.607 32.65a  39.13 0.006 48.11   47.29 0.751
South Dakota 35.95   34.55 0.467 33.49   32.69 0.742 23.15   24.63 0.475 38.83   36.58 0.363
Tennessee 45.42   42.58 0.149 41.10   41.21 0.965 34.76   33.63 0.626 47.77   44.12 0.136
Texas 44.61   43.82 0.465 38.81   40.83 0.168 37.33   35.81 0.274 46.96   45.77 0.393
Utah 50.94   49.65 0.538 47.56   46.23 0.627 40.56   38.95 0.560 54.64   52.92 0.550
Vermont 37.08   36.50 0.759 30.43b  34.15 0.096 22.04   22.46 0.847 40.56   39.05 0.531
Virginia 42.20   41.94 0.897 40.32   40.37 0.984 31.25   32.15 0.683 44.23   43.80 0.862
Washington 39.20   40.94 0.376 35.22   36.34 0.652 27.05   30.33 0.128 41.83   43.21 0.571
West Virginia 42.90   43.42 0.797 34.10a  39.28 0.028 33.85   32.36 0.539 45.37   45.45 0.976
Wisconsin 36.57   36.29 0.881 34.07   35.79 0.502 25.07   27.86 0.189 38.99   37.77 0.607
Wyoming 37.38   39.93 0.188 35.00b  39.70 0.063 22.86a  29.19 0.009 40.48   41.87 0.574

101215

Table D.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2002-2003)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2008-2009)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2002-2003)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2008-2009)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 28.89a  26.81 0.000 19.22a  17.74 0.000
Northeast 31.50   30.77 0.257 20.74   19.97 0.175
Midwest 31.65a  27.59 0.000 21.99a  19.26 0.000
South 27.17a  25.13 0.000 17.54a  16.13 0.001
West 26.82b  25.71 0.099 17.91   17.15 0.176
Alabama 24.88   23.63 0.443 16.45   14.55 0.161
Alaska 26.43   25.44 0.572 19.42   18.57 0.579
Arizona 28.64a  24.62 0.028 19.76a  16.04 0.014
Arkansas 25.16   23.05 0.213 18.84a  14.55 0.004
California 24.67   25.14 0.656 16.09   16.74 0.443
Colorado 33.02   32.96 0.973 21.31   20.27 0.513
Connecticut 32.63   31.03 0.376 21.42   23.70 0.184
Delaware 31.13   32.48 0.471 20.37   22.21 0.270
District of Columbia 31.16   31.60 0.841 16.58   17.76 0.520
Florida 27.50   26.61 0.388 16.87   16.55 0.696
Georgia 24.15   24.18 0.989 15.31   14.89 0.743
Hawaii 28.58a  23.75 0.009 20.77a  16.60 0.020
Idaho 26.66   23.99 0.123 18.81b  15.94 0.054
Illinois 30.52a  28.35 0.034 21.63a  19.58 0.027
Indiana 27.53a  23.57 0.020 18.75   16.95 0.222
Iowa 34.35a  29.88 0.015 24.68a  21.22 0.038
Kansas 31.31   28.80 0.142 21.90b  19.12 0.080
Kentucky 28.99a  23.68 0.002 19.61a  16.48 0.029
Louisiana 31.05   29.68 0.430 18.97   17.69 0.376
Maine 30.23a  26.62 0.036 22.54a  16.91 0.000
Maryland 28.10   25.95 0.211 17.52   16.69 0.551
Massachusetts 32.50   32.96 0.802 22.40   22.31 0.956
Michigan 31.83a  26.75 0.000 21.36a  17.80 0.000
Minnesota 33.36a  27.48 0.001 24.17a  19.61 0.004
Mississippi 24.01   24.26 0.885 15.72   15.68 0.977
Missouri 32.41a  24.17 0.000 21.16a  16.81 0.005
Montana 38.39a  34.50 0.043 28.80a  24.44 0.017
Nebraska 34.98a  26.39 0.000 23.77a  18.25 0.001
Nevada 26.87   24.66 0.207 16.81   17.01 0.891
New Hampshire 35.98   34.73 0.489 25.02   24.56 0.781
New Jersey 29.38   27.24 0.215 17.59   18.33 0.608
New Mexico 32.37a  25.68 0.001 22.15a  17.43 0.005
New York 31.59   31.98 0.714 20.34   20.03 0.751
North Carolina 26.71a  22.40 0.009 17.99a  13.59 0.001
North Dakota 41.54a  36.45 0.011 31.04a  26.40 0.012
Ohio 30.13b  28.41 0.074 20.95   20.48 0.588
Oklahoma 28.47   25.90 0.144 19.07   17.63 0.356
Oregon 28.22b  31.28 0.080 18.61   20.06 0.347
Pennsylvania 30.86   29.42 0.142 21.05a  18.13 0.001
Rhode Island 38.31b  34.72 0.061 26.58a  22.46 0.019
South Carolina 27.25a  21.79 0.001 18.05a  13.43 0.001
South Dakota 37.21a  32.15 0.005 28.52a  22.82 0.001
Tennessee 23.80a  20.11 0.032 15.95b  13.52 0.093
Texas 27.35   26.46 0.384 17.14   17.16 0.976
Utah 19.41a  14.21 0.005 15.43a  11.53 0.016
Vermont 35.56   36.60 0.586 25.77   24.62 0.486
Virginia 30.33a  25.88 0.010 20.47   18.44 0.155
Washington 31.54a  26.97 0.008 21.02b  18.30 0.075
West Virginia 28.84a  22.66 0.000 21.48a  15.86 0.000
Wisconsin 34.72a  30.90 0.037 24.45b  21.62 0.077
Wyoming 33.64   30.55 0.114 24.93b  21.51 0.066

101215

Table D.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 30.09a  28.02 0.000 14.83a  11.52 0.000 45.02a  41.51 0.000 29.59a  27.82 0.000
Northeast 29.21a  26.20 0.000 14.42a  10.92 0.000 45.89a  41.11 0.000 28.45a  25.53 0.000
Midwest 32.85a  30.56 0.000 16.97a  13.19 0.000 49.35a  46.35 0.000 32.12a  30.07 0.004
South 31.66a  29.54 0.000 15.72a  11.46 0.000 45.84a  41.68 0.000 31.39a  29.81 0.015
West 25.56   24.68 0.187 11.70a  10.52 0.035 38.83b  37.12 0.063 25.15   24.33 0.328
Alabama 33.02   32.97 0.978 16.66a  13.21 0.029 45.20   45.49 0.900 33.07   33.35 0.904
Alaska 30.73   29.39 0.450 16.39b  13.51 0.077 48.43   44.53 0.110 30.42   28.90 0.509
Arizona 30.45a  25.69 0.010 15.11a  10.10 0.001 39.80   39.76 0.988 31.00a  25.39 0.016
Arkansas 39.35a  35.28 0.034 19.57a  14.93 0.008 55.88a  47.63 0.001 39.12   35.86 0.185
California 22.45   22.81 0.720 9.22   9.46 0.781 35.14   34.35 0.576 22.07   22.46 0.757
Colorado 31.24a  27.44 0.023 17.44a  13.22 0.012 49.95a  43.71 0.013 29.86   26.45 0.108
Connecticut 27.06   25.40 0.343 15.19a  10.92 0.006 46.14b  41.56 0.058 25.86   24.65 0.583
Delaware 29.52   30.13 0.727 16.30a  12.99 0.041 46.47   45.48 0.688 28.32   29.67 0.537
District of Columbia 29.21   27.72 0.417 9.53   9.34 0.890 37.39   34.89 0.335 29.34   27.82 0.510
Florida 28.14   26.75 0.187 14.34a  10.54 0.000 41.55a  38.38 0.026 27.91   26.81 0.402
Georgia 30.88   28.89 0.252 15.79a  11.64 0.006 41.74   40.79 0.717 31.07   29.25 0.410
Hawaii 24.62   22.31 0.162 12.33   10.01 0.129 36.59   37.13 0.839 24.37   21.34 0.137
Idaho 28.09   26.87 0.455 14.70a  10.69 0.010 43.08   39.77 0.191 27.13   26.91 0.914
Illinois 30.91b  28.99 0.064 14.97a  12.41 0.006 46.68b  44.18 0.071 30.33   28.43 0.151
Indiana 33.09   31.94 0.484 16.84b  13.92 0.073 49.30   46.49 0.254 32.42   31.85 0.788
Iowa 30.88   30.28 0.722 16.34a  12.36 0.015 48.67b  44.12 0.075 29.44   30.07 0.772
Kansas 31.24   30.75 0.784 15.57   13.09 0.150 45.68   47.48 0.475 30.73   29.98 0.741
Kentucky 39.78   38.09 0.384 23.18a  16.82 0.001 58.88a  52.71 0.014 38.54   38.37 0.946
Louisiana 32.70   30.71 0.251 17.58a  10.60 0.000 48.21a  41.14 0.004 31.87   31.46 0.852
Maine 31.33   29.85 0.427 13.55   12.06 0.344 50.44   47.69 0.274 30.69   29.32 0.548
Maryland 27.13a  23.97 0.050 12.70a  8.67 0.004 42.05a  35.56 0.009 26.76   23.96 0.169
Massachusetts 26.09   25.02 0.495 14.37a  10.47 0.008 42.53   41.40 0.662 24.88   23.82 0.585
Michigan 32.56a  30.44 0.045 15.89a  12.89 0.002 47.64   45.90 0.188 32.32   30.12 0.106
Minnesota 31.44a  27.66 0.030 17.69a  12.39 0.001 51.31   47.46 0.137 29.78   26.19 0.106
Mississippi 35.49a  31.64 0.031 16.57a  12.02 0.004 47.77b  43.40 0.083 35.87   32.23 0.116
Missouri 36.69a  32.70 0.028 21.01a  14.52 0.000 51.76b  47.29 0.072 36.19   32.61 0.121
Montana 34.18b  31.19 0.092 21.16a  15.59 0.002 53.76b  49.18 0.054 32.51   30.06 0.276
Nebraska 30.59   29.08 0.394 18.86a  12.22 0.000 48.81a  42.30 0.009 28.76   28.80 0.986
Nevada 34.99a  28.50 0.001 15.31b  11.98 0.054 42.38   40.45 0.449 36.47a  28.85 0.003
New Hampshire 31.71a  28.12 0.042 16.82a  12.51 0.009 50.33a  45.08 0.037 30.86   27.42 0.122
New Jersey 26.84   24.82 0.260 13.65a  9.81 0.012 44.45a  38.33 0.013 26.04   24.60 0.520
New Mexico 29.03   26.69 0.172 15.37   12.80 0.132 45.26   42.52 0.282 28.14   25.61 0.252
New York 28.82a  24.58 0.000 12.78a  10.73 0.028 43.64a  39.23 0.001 28.40a  23.63 0.000
North Carolina 35.90a  31.32 0.016 17.97a  11.95 0.000 50.13a  43.64 0.011 35.88b  31.73 0.083
North Dakota 32.51   30.39 0.215 20.88a  13.46 0.000 49.74   46.37 0.155 30.50   28.91 0.472
Ohio 36.03a  32.27 0.001 17.27a  14.04 0.001 51.79   49.55 0.103 35.91a  31.75 0.004
Oklahoma 35.86   34.82 0.592 17.60a  13.74 0.035 52.96b  48.47 0.099 35.16   35.09 0.976
Oregon 30.19   30.08 0.953 14.42   14.86 0.791 46.63   45.17 0.558 29.46   29.52 0.981
Pennsylvania 32.94a  29.85 0.004 16.75a  11.94 0.000 50.17a  44.57 0.000 32.24a  29.58 0.049
Rhode Island 31.14a  26.30 0.009 16.13a  10.25 0.000 51.46a  41.54 0.000 29.29b  25.36 0.090
South Carolina 31.92   31.21 0.698 15.52a  11.61 0.009 48.06   44.19 0.109 31.27   31.51 0.918
South Dakota 35.10a  31.28 0.031 22.82a  14.88 0.000 57.69a  49.50 0.001 32.53   30.13 0.291
Tennessee 33.84   33.48 0.845 17.17a  12.42 0.004 46.30   46.91 0.817 33.86   33.97 0.960
Texas 29.68a  27.05 0.010 13.45a  10.00 0.000 42.47a  38.34 0.002 29.73b  27.42 0.084
Utah 19.67   18.38 0.440 8.43   6.66 0.196 25.46   24.93 0.837 20.09   18.73 0.550
Vermont 30.64b  27.60 0.093 18.33a  12.63 0.001 52.64a  44.41 0.001 28.49   26.55 0.392
Virginia 29.73   27.53 0.200 15.40a  11.67 0.016 47.83a  41.60 0.009 28.70   27.09 0.456
Washington 26.76   26.90 0.927 13.22   11.81 0.336 45.81   41.62 0.104 25.37   26.38 0.615
West Virginia 37.22   38.38 0.565 21.34a  16.86 0.017 54.26   54.24 0.993 36.30   38.41 0.395
Wisconsin 30.55   30.14 0.818 17.30a  12.76 0.007 50.41a  45.36 0.046 28.84   29.71 0.700
Wyoming 34.00   34.33 0.856 16.34   18.44 0.298 55.18a  49.80 0.035 32.55   33.57 0.664

101215

Table D.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 25.71a  23.61 0.000 12.57a  8.99 0.000 40.50a  35.76 0.000 24.95a  23.39 0.003
Northeast 25.27a  22.24 0.000 12.72a  8.46 0.000 41.63a  35.74 0.000 24.27a  21.63 0.001
Midwest 28.10a  25.66 0.000 14.63a  10.43 0.000 44.57a  39.93 0.000 27.04a  25.17 0.005
South 26.76a  24.82 0.000 13.21a  9.07 0.000 40.76a  35.99 0.000 26.19b  24.95 0.070
West 22.03b  20.86 0.060 9.47a  7.94 0.001 35.22a  31.64 0.000 21.45   20.64 0.315
Alabama 26.43   26.75 0.851 13.69a  10.31 0.016 39.24   38.13 0.634 25.88   26.92 0.631
Alaska 25.71   24.19 0.355 13.25a  9.39 0.006 43.97a  38.30 0.027 24.96   23.74 0.567
Arizona 27.51a  21.96 0.001 12.84a  8.70 0.003 38.85a  33.04 0.016 27.60a  21.85 0.007
Arkansas 32.84   30.30 0.171 16.05a  12.03 0.011 50.97a  42.80 0.002 31.92   30.59 0.569
California 19.36   19.29 0.944 7.48   7.02 0.505 31.77b  29.52 0.089 18.83   19.05 0.855
Colorado 26.76a  22.34 0.007 13.74a  9.65 0.003 44.56a  36.35 0.002 25.43b  21.55 0.058
Connecticut 23.78   21.49 0.160 13.45a  8.64 0.001 41.56a  36.50 0.038 22.56   20.72 0.362
Delaware 26.09   25.51 0.717 14.07a  9.76 0.003 42.69   39.92 0.243 24.79   25.03 0.904
District of Columbia 26.12   23.98 0.220 7.10   6.21 0.375 33.26   30.13 0.156 26.40   24.26 0.332
Florida 23.99   22.66 0.178 12.26a  8.27 0.000 36.75a  32.63 0.003 23.59   22.76 0.504
Georgia 25.80   24.41 0.387 12.83a  8.93 0.003 35.48   35.73 0.917 25.91   24.62 0.535
Hawaii 21.97   20.22 0.272 8.78   7.66 0.382 34.32   34.11 0.938 21.77   19.42 0.232
Idaho 23.95   23.09 0.561 12.48a  8.97 0.009 39.02   35.07 0.119 22.68   23.00 0.866
Illinois 26.77b  24.92 0.054 13.00a  9.98 0.001 42.75a  39.01 0.005 25.85   24.34 0.225
Indiana 28.33   26.79 0.334 14.39a  10.84 0.015 44.94   41.04 0.108 27.26   26.48 0.704
Iowa 26.45   24.90 0.326 14.27a  10.07 0.004 41.91b  37.10 0.059 25.14   24.59 0.787
Kansas 25.95   24.99 0.533 13.95a  10.74 0.029 39.62   39.71 0.972 25.06   24.14 0.645
Kentucky 34.77   31.97 0.138 17.62a  12.37 0.001 53.06a  44.27 0.001 33.74   32.42 0.583
Louisiana 28.27   26.50 0.282 15.01a  8.35 0.000 42.36a  35.97 0.006 27.45   27.16 0.892
Maine 26.82   25.62 0.481 12.16b  9.65 0.072 43.89   42.49 0.574 26.10   25.02 0.611
Maryland 23.22a  20.12 0.043 11.08a  7.43 0.003 35.91b  31.37 0.060 22.88   19.84 0.116
Massachusetts 22.42   21.05 0.353 11.69a  7.56 0.001 38.40   34.59 0.121 21.16   20.22 0.612
Michigan 28.19a  26.17 0.050 13.59a  10.35 0.000 42.81a  39.82 0.028 27.74   25.93 0.177
Minnesota 26.87a  23.47 0.028 15.67a  9.71 0.000 48.22a  40.85 0.004 24.59   22.22 0.229
Mississippi 29.41b  26.35 0.067 12.83a  9.57 0.016 41.57a  36.58 0.037 29.46   26.83 0.230
Missouri 31.51a  26.38 0.003 17.88a  10.92 0.000 47.59a  39.53 0.001 30.56a  26.17 0.047
Montana 27.71b  24.69 0.066 16.10a  11.21 0.001 44.96a  39.53 0.023 26.26   23.83 0.249
Nebraska 25.93   24.29 0.309 16.36a  9.33 0.000 43.92a  36.02 0.001 23.84   24.04 0.926
Nevada 30.50a  24.55 0.002 12.73a  9.46 0.026 36.40   33.91 0.311 31.95a  25.09 0.005
New Hampshire 26.17b  23.30 0.073 14.03a  10.10 0.006 44.80a  39.23 0.025 24.94   22.46 0.217
New Jersey 23.42   21.01 0.158 11.83a  7.63 0.001 40.67a  35.12 0.024 22.46   20.49 0.350
New Mexico 24.05   22.70 0.415 12.34   10.00 0.116 38.45   36.07 0.339 23.19   21.91 0.544
New York 25.46a  21.32 0.000 11.81a  8.17 0.000 40.17a  34.39 0.000 24.76a  20.58 0.002
North Carolina 29.69b  26.44 0.061 14.78a  9.07 0.000 45.89a  38.05 0.001 28.95   26.71 0.302
North Dakota 27.53b  24.62 0.092 17.53a  10.36 0.000 42.78a  36.37 0.010 25.71   23.76 0.372
Ohio 30.48a  26.70 0.000 14.52a  10.91 0.000 46.03a  41.88 0.002 30.00a  26.22 0.005
Oklahoma 30.28   28.22 0.257 14.96a  11.28 0.017 44.71   41.11 0.176 29.67   28.09 0.499
Oregon 24.96   24.98 0.987 11.29   10.27 0.444 41.49   37.49 0.104 23.94   24.75 0.687
Pennsylvania 27.68a  24.85 0.008 14.73a  9.64 0.000 44.78a  37.79 0.000 26.59   24.55 0.134
Rhode Island 27.35a  22.52 0.005 13.72a  7.91 0.000 47.60a  35.28 0.000 25.34   21.88 0.113
South Carolina 26.85   26.86 0.995 12.21a  9.38 0.031 42.88a  37.63 0.031 25.97   27.26 0.540
South Dakota 30.31a  24.99 0.002 19.79a  11.37 0.000 51.76a  39.86 0.000 27.70b  24.07 0.086
Tennessee 28.03   28.28 0.883 14.33a  9.67 0.001 38.83   39.52 0.780 27.95   28.81 0.691
Texas 25.56a  22.52 0.002 11.65a  8.15 0.000 39.18a  33.67 0.000 25.09a  22.52 0.048
Utah 16.74   16.35 0.803 6.57   5.33 0.323 24.61   22.37 0.377 16.36   16.73 0.865
Vermont 25.43b  22.27 0.058 14.84a  8.67 0.000 47.57a  38.02 0.000 23.03   21.23 0.392
Virginia 25.18   23.29 0.242 14.17a  9.51 0.001 43.38a  35.74 0.001 23.69   22.86 0.684
Washington 23.41   22.89 0.737 10.84   8.89 0.122 42.23a  35.56 0.006 21.93   22.56 0.743
West Virginia 29.52   30.72 0.511 17.34a  13.10 0.010 47.96   47.04 0.709 27.94   30.25 0.308
Wisconsin 25.75   25.73 0.991 15.32a  10.54 0.001 45.48a  40.37 0.037 23.67   25.14 0.485
Wyoming 26.81   26.50 0.856 12.78   12.52 0.868 44.46a  39.22 0.032 25.50   25.99 0.820

101215

Table D.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 71.27a  72.32 0.008 63.67a  67.74 0.000 65.46a  66.89 0.006 73.33   73.85 0.267
Northeast 72.37a  74.71 0.000 64.05a  70.84 0.000 66.33a  69.85 0.000 74.39a  76.00 0.037
Midwest 69.07   68.84 0.689 63.13a  66.56 0.000 62.39   63.19 0.270 71.10   70.11 0.155
South 70.12a  71.95 0.001 62.02a  66.18 0.000 64.11a  66.16 0.004 72.28a  73.66 0.031
West 74.38   74.31 0.923 66.41a  68.93 0.005 69.92   69.11 0.376 76.35   75.98 0.656
Alabama 68.32   68.16 0.933 62.18   61.79 0.873 62.28   62.01 0.909 70.21   70.01 0.930
Alaska 70.30   70.83 0.779 66.56   69.17 0.263 65.46   63.86 0.514 71.83   72.39 0.812
Arizona 72.74   72.42 0.869 64.39   66.41 0.402 70.87a  65.73 0.044 74.29   74.35 0.979
Arkansas 67.91   68.23 0.861 61.55   64.77 0.175 60.58   62.45 0.466 70.08   69.61 0.836
California 76.82   75.79 0.314 67.07b  69.44 0.090 72.52   71.47 0.448 79.05   77.51 0.236
Colorado 70.29b  73.82 0.051 63.77a  68.32 0.045 61.30a  67.14 0.020 72.75   75.61 0.199
Connecticut 72.67   74.28 0.365 64.74a  70.44 0.013 67.32   69.10 0.465 74.49   75.58 0.615
Delaware 71.47   74.39 0.108 63.20a  70.32 0.002 64.70b  69.22 0.052 73.70   75.75 0.355
District of Columbia 74.89   77.48 0.125 61.87a  67.84 0.016 74.31   72.17 0.365 76.17b  79.58 0.095
Florida 72.89a  75.38 0.016 63.06a  68.56 0.000 69.14   69.66 0.704 74.62b  76.97 0.060
Georgia 71.86   72.77 0.598 64.49   68.11 0.112 67.39   68.28 0.704 73.73   74.18 0.836
Hawaii 71.12   73.88 0.160 65.39b  70.22 0.059 68.38   68.55 0.945 72.33   75.15 0.244
Idaho 72.24   69.75 0.163 65.57   67.69 0.361 68.57b  64.40 0.097 74.08   70.99 0.161
Illinois 69.57   70.55 0.364 64.55b  66.93 0.078 63.86   65.47 0.257 71.28   71.95 0.621
Indiana 69.12   67.53 0.375 64.18   66.10 0.389 63.69   62.33 0.590 70.82   68.60 0.315
Iowa 65.85   65.37 0.806 61.99   64.07 0.379 60.18   58.23 0.446 67.44   66.80 0.791
Kansas 70.61   68.12 0.167 60.16   62.38 0.388 63.55   62.96 0.817 73.52   69.85 0.103
Kentucky 62.46   62.09 0.866 58.90a  63.93 0.037 53.67   53.74 0.979 64.43   63.17 0.635
Louisiana 67.74a  72.50 0.008 59.33a  66.79 0.003 63.25   67.03 0.103 69.92a  74.34 0.048
Maine 69.25   70.33 0.561 64.49b  68.72 0.070 61.95   62.89 0.704 70.94   71.54 0.788
Maryland 71.76b  74.82 0.096 65.27   68.79 0.126 63.95a  68.84 0.050 73.89   76.60 0.227
Massachusetts 75.55   73.07 0.157 67.22   70.38 0.159 70.84   68.89 0.411 77.31   74.13 0.137
Michigan 70.89b  69.00 0.086 64.02   64.97 0.478 64.00   63.42 0.666 73.07b  70.48 0.058
Minnesota 69.68   69.20 0.795 63.18a  68.13 0.030 60.26   62.61 0.351 72.32   70.46 0.421
Mississippi 68.63   69.92 0.490 59.22   63.12 0.105 62.94   63.79 0.735 71.20   72.01 0.733
Missouri 68.02   68.56 0.777 61.78a  67.33 0.012 61.37   61.91 0.829 70.06   69.81 0.912
Montana 71.38   69.12 0.214 64.76   66.09 0.553 66.77b  62.17 0.065 73.14   70.64 0.271
Nebraska 69.62   68.89 0.694 63.18   65.57 0.316 63.58   61.22 0.343 71.72   70.78 0.688
Nevada 69.57b  72.72 0.088 64.24   67.44 0.182 62.56a  69.00 0.013 71.38   73.95 0.254
New Hampshire 68.63b  71.79 0.095 59.52a  65.14 0.019 61.12b  65.72 0.061 71.05   73.52 0.286
New Jersey 75.17   74.48 0.701 64.03a  70.68 0.004 66.84   69.84 0.222 77.79   75.67 0.333
New Mexico 73.04   75.06 0.264 61.12a  66.12 0.046 67.82   68.51 0.779 75.88   77.44 0.485
New York 72.81a  77.85 0.000 64.32a  72.74 0.000 67.84a  72.80 0.001 74.71a  79.39 0.001
North Carolina 68.08a  71.75 0.046 60.76a  69.68 0.000 59.40a  66.31 0.005 70.51   72.89 0.294
North Dakota 66.97   67.73 0.688 61.29b  65.92 0.052 62.84   65.79 0.231 68.62   68.39 0.924
Ohio 67.60b  69.52 0.083 61.92a  67.71 0.000 59.92a  63.16 0.014 69.71   70.79 0.433
Oklahoma 66.52   68.60 0.292 60.58   61.85 0.618 58.78a  64.17 0.038 68.86   70.29 0.562
Oregon 72.21   71.66 0.763 68.14   66.95 0.595 69.69a  63.06 0.005 73.18   73.54 0.872
Pennsylvania 68.77a  71.97 0.003 62.31a  69.40 0.000 61.54a  66.93 0.000 70.77b  73.11 0.079
Rhode Island 73.34   71.90 0.454 65.01b  69.18 0.073 72.97b  68.62 0.077 74.43   72.84 0.501
South Carolina 69.38   71.49 0.240 62.27   65.70 0.139 61.91   65.04 0.203 71.66   73.27 0.466
South Dakota 65.09   68.12 0.128 60.68a  68.13 0.002 56.27a  65.31 0.001 67.49   68.62 0.649
Tennessee 66.84   67.13 0.879 62.38   63.06 0.783 60.70   61.76 0.698 68.44   68.45 0.997
Texas 71.88   73.23 0.184 61.14a  64.27 0.030 66.08   67.59 0.280 74.73   75.59 0.498
Utah 75.00   75.66 0.681 71.49b  75.34 0.080 72.28   70.56 0.480 76.47   76.99 0.802
Vermont 70.15a  74.99 0.006 63.59a  69.50 0.012 62.72b  67.30 0.070 72.30a  76.86 0.033
Virginia 70.95   72.94 0.274 64.05a  69.20 0.026 66.03   65.23 0.746 72.67   74.71 0.360
Washington 70.63   72.36 0.325 66.48   68.84 0.296 64.26   65.43 0.641 72.29   73.91 0.451
West Virginia 67.26   65.91 0.501 59.35   62.92 0.123 58.54   59.46 0.720 69.58   67.16 0.321
Wisconsin 69.71   67.20 0.187 63.58b  68.12 0.059 63.81   63.02 0.747 71.63b  67.80 0.100
Wyoming 68.09   70.06 0.287 64.05a  69.12 0.021 61.46   62.63 0.634 69.95   71.50 0.499

101215

Table D.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 7.59   7.37 0.174 5.88a  4.73 0.000 17.43b  16.61 0.074 6.12   6.12 0.992
Northeast 7.24   7.23 0.987 5.73a  4.58 0.000 17.46   17.29 0.808 5.81   5.86 0.886
Midwest 8.48a  7.84 0.011 6.49a  5.13 0.000 19.88a  18.22 0.005 6.72   6.40 0.305
South 7.11   6.86 0.234 5.45a  4.13 0.000 16.39a  15.04 0.019 5.73   5.82 0.735
West 7.76   7.86 0.765 6.04b  5.40 0.088 16.58   16.97 0.609 6.40   6.54 0.731
Alabama 6.08   6.39 0.653 4.83   4.16 0.378 13.65   13.56 0.954 4.91   5.45 0.511
Alaska 8.63   8.11 0.554 6.15   5.39 0.428 18.79   16.98 0.361 7.37   6.85 0.631
Arizona 9.29b  7.74 0.073 7.38b  5.45 0.062 19.36   18.20 0.578 7.75   6.27 0.150
Arkansas 7.57   6.74 0.260 6.15   4.90 0.154 17.59   15.53 0.260 5.98   5.54 0.613
California 7.22   7.87 0.192 5.51   5.30 0.715 14.83   16.39 0.161 6.07   6.60 0.391
Colorado 9.20   9.03 0.843 6.71   6.38 0.749 20.66   21.14 0.815 7.54   7.33 0.839
Connecticut 6.90a  8.63 0.037 5.39   5.95 0.564 18.87   20.03 0.572 5.36b  7.16 0.068
Delaware 7.65   7.90 0.752 5.76   4.90 0.305 18.17   19.03 0.647 6.08   6.41 0.728
District of Columbia 9.20   9.24 0.971 3.00   3.01 0.976 16.26   16.98 0.706 8.37   8.09 0.815
Florida 6.86   6.92 0.914 5.40a  4.33 0.042 16.89a  14.55 0.029 5.60   6.07 0.427
Georgia 7.37   6.70 0.385 4.78b  3.39 0.068 14.90   14.95 0.978 6.37   5.76 0.510
Hawaii 7.52   7.60 0.926 6.42   5.78 0.601 18.14   16.44 0.416 5.97   6.39 0.680
Idaho 8.45b  7.10 0.077 7.79a  5.15 0.009 18.37   16.23 0.236 6.51   5.77 0.423
Illinois 8.74a  7.58 0.033 6.08a  4.34 0.002 19.49   17.60 0.111 7.21   6.20 0.127
Indiana 7.90   6.99 0.206 6.21   4.99 0.187 19.19   16.92 0.225 6.06   5.58 0.568
Iowa 8.25   8.63 0.622 7.56   6.66 0.413 19.67   19.71 0.983 6.18   6.92 0.422
Kansas 7.14   8.05 0.247 5.12   5.68 0.544 18.49   19.42 0.646 5.24   6.24 0.265
Kentucky 6.16   5.95 0.755 5.26b  3.80 0.072 14.67   14.12 0.746 4.80   4.94 0.859
Louisiana 7.95   7.01 0.222 5.97a  3.64 0.005 17.56   14.88 0.118 6.33   5.96 0.696
Maine 7.31   6.69 0.404 5.59b  4.05 0.062 18.26   17.48 0.680 5.88   5.48 0.641
Maryland 7.55   6.52 0.172 5.37a  3.38 0.011 15.98   13.93 0.241 6.52   5.67 0.345
Massachusetts 8.60   7.41 0.155 7.35a  4.73 0.007 18.47   18.81 0.870 7.18   5.71 0.132
Michigan 8.46   7.63 0.111 6.42a  4.88 0.006 18.29   16.74 0.147 7.05   6.45 0.357
Minnesota 9.01   9.21 0.819 7.24   5.76 0.130 20.99   21.10 0.957 7.08   7.61 0.622
Mississippi 6.46   6.20 0.722 3.78   3.63 0.825 13.96   13.06 0.583 5.35   5.30 0.954
Missouri 7.89   7.61 0.713 6.34   5.15 0.177 19.76   17.60 0.247 6.01   6.27 0.773
Montana 10.70   9.86 0.419 11.21a  8.23 0.036 23.39   24.71 0.552 8.36   7.57 0.524
Nebraska 10.18b  8.45 0.055 8.94a  5.66 0.006 25.16a  18.99 0.004 7.47   6.82 0.545
Nevada 8.01   7.58 0.605 6.93   5.46 0.153 16.19   16.78 0.754 6.88   6.49 0.697
New Hampshire 9.09b  7.51 0.058 7.54a  5.12 0.010 23.21b  19.27 0.051 7.10   6.00 0.267
New Jersey 6.30   6.57 0.703 5.16b  3.70 0.073 16.62   15.79 0.644 4.97   5.50 0.534
New Mexico 10.01   8.68 0.168 7.73   6.67 0.388 22.68b  18.81 0.081 8.01   7.07 0.424
New York 7.15   7.88 0.165 5.59   5.27 0.577 15.84a  18.09 0.047 5.90   6.36 0.476
North Carolina 6.75   6.23 0.470 5.66a  3.38 0.005 16.54   14.56 0.258 5.25   5.24 0.988
North Dakota 10.83a  8.39 0.006 10.33a  5.28 0.000 27.11a  20.58 0.005 7.49   6.06 0.162
Ohio 7.90   7.63 0.580 5.80   5.15 0.228 18.54   17.80 0.515 6.36   6.27 0.876
Oklahoma 6.92   7.59 0.374 5.68   4.98 0.447 17.03   16.84 0.918 5.15   6.25 0.217
Oregon 7.37   8.50 0.177 5.84   6.33 0.599 17.83   18.65 0.661 5.79   7.18 0.158
Pennsylvania 6.93b  6.11 0.070 5.34a  3.61 0.000 18.08a  14.88 0.003 5.33   4.97 0.514
Rhode Island 10.10a  8.24 0.048 6.62b  4.86 0.079 25.59a  18.05 0.001 7.70   6.81 0.411
South Carolina 7.88   7.89 0.992 4.83   4.00 0.295 19.48b  16.28 0.089 6.23   6.99 0.453
South Dakota 10.79   9.79 0.277 9.77a  6.76 0.020 26.15   23.48 0.225 7.93   7.71 0.841
Tennessee 5.97   6.09 0.863 4.77b  3.27 0.051 14.83   13.95 0.632 4.63   5.22 0.447
Texas 7.62   6.95 0.153 5.84a  4.62 0.033 16.78a  14.68 0.047 6.10   5.84 0.650
Utah 6.87   6.00 0.241 4.72b  3.30 0.077 12.98   12.15 0.621 5.50   4.92 0.533
Vermont 7.77   7.83 0.940 6.45b  4.93 0.092 19.28   20.05 0.701 5.96   6.16 0.831
Virginia 7.33   8.05 0.366 6.18   5.07 0.223 17.60   19.45 0.325 5.81   6.48 0.488
Washington 7.47   7.08 0.597 5.83   4.73 0.206 18.24   16.18 0.251 5.85   5.90 0.951
West Virginia 6.52   6.53 0.987 6.32a  4.44 0.031 16.12   15.30 0.652 4.99   5.48 0.526
Wisconsin 9.53b  8.09 0.079 7.19b  5.43 0.086 23.30b  19.67 0.066 7.39   6.46 0.343
Wyoming 9.23   8.49 0.392 7.54   6.88 0.542 23.24b  19.45 0.071 6.81   6.75 0.954

101215

Table D.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 3.34   3.52 0.160 2.09   1.91 0.143 6.87   6.90 0.887 2.90   3.14 0.144
Northeast 3.35   3.47 0.551 2.13   1.94 0.310 6.80   7.33 0.186 2.95   3.01 0.834
Midwest 3.51   3.51 0.977 2.19   1.97 0.153 7.70   7.51 0.566 2.94   3.03 0.698
South 3.14b  3.41 0.098 1.94   1.72 0.138 6.42   6.32 0.730 2.73b  3.13 0.059
West 3.48   3.74 0.263 2.19   2.13 0.819 6.77   6.89 0.770 3.06   3.38 0.286
Alabama 2.76   3.14 0.360 1.67   1.75 0.847 5.54   6.23 0.453 2.41   2.79 0.473
Alaska 3.75   3.86 0.847 2.33   1.81 0.275 7.09   6.78 0.761 3.45   3.61 0.825
Arizona 3.91   3.52 0.455 3.20b  2.05 0.062 7.94   7.40 0.658 3.29   3.06 0.730
Arkansas 3.29   3.22 0.878 2.34   1.74 0.174 6.90   6.59 0.766 2.77   2.86 0.889
California 3.40   3.82 0.241 1.87   2.17 0.372 6.11   6.56 0.472 3.13   3.53 0.387
Colorado 3.73   3.69 0.927 2.51   1.93 0.234 7.74   6.89 0.431 3.20   3.37 0.798
Connecticut 2.96   3.48 0.293 1.88   2.08 0.685 6.60   7.24 0.545 2.57   3.06 0.424
Delaware 3.43   3.45 0.978 1.93   1.74 0.634 7.50   6.60 0.401 2.93   3.13 0.746
District of Columbia 4.81   4.62 0.773 1.44   1.23 0.577 6.76   7.76 0.380 4.73   4.23 0.564
Florida 2.91b  3.58 0.053 1.79   1.74 0.874 6.45   6.13 0.597 2.54a  3.41 0.049
Georgia 3.19   3.52 0.514 1.65   1.46 0.611 5.26   6.17 0.326 3.04   3.36 0.629
Hawaii 3.52   3.26 0.630 2.87   2.05 0.205 7.21   7.05 0.905 3.02   2.79 0.733
Idaho 3.66   3.22 0.325 2.83   2.11 0.186 7.23   6.95 0.792 3.06   2.72 0.565
Illinois 3.73   3.66 0.846 2.25b  1.69 0.079 7.59   7.92 0.646 3.25   3.15 0.824
Indiana 3.17   3.33 0.710 2.19   2.20 0.993 7.47   7.62 0.895 2.52   2.76 0.658
Iowa 3.15   3.41 0.543 2.71   2.41 0.587 6.94   6.94 0.996 2.49   2.91 0.435
Kansas 2.88   3.40 0.226 1.81   1.99 0.708 6.81   6.99 0.871 2.28   2.91 0.246
Kentucky 2.81   2.97 0.700 1.92   1.72 0.644 5.98   5.90 0.935 2.37   2.67 0.583
Louisiana 3.87   3.53 0.506 2.67a  1.50 0.014 7.50   6.28 0.252 3.32   3.28 0.952
Maine 3.33   3.20 0.792 2.36   1.67 0.132 8.12   6.75 0.226 2.73   2.88 0.798
Maryland 3.63   3.50 0.783 1.94   1.62 0.427 6.20   6.17 0.977 3.46   3.28 0.784
Massachusetts 3.95   3.62 0.521 2.89   2.04 0.112 7.45   7.92 0.671 3.52   3.04 0.473
Michigan 3.80   3.42 0.252 2.26   1.95 0.324 7.73   6.82 0.175 3.34   3.04 0.480
Minnesota 3.56   4.18 0.224 2.57   2.03 0.286 7.62   7.78 0.888 2.97   3.83 0.175
Mississippi 3.11   3.33 0.649 1.37   1.58 0.583 5.05   6.17 0.256 2.98   3.06 0.902
Missouri 3.17   3.26 0.836 1.87   1.90 0.951 7.60   6.58 0.335 2.57   2.89 0.560
Montana 4.43   4.06 0.562 4.75a  2.65 0.013 9.64   10.78 0.443 3.46   3.10 0.653
Nebraska 3.85   3.52 0.478 2.85   2.09 0.154 7.99   7.33 0.576 3.20   2.99 0.722
Nevada 3.44   3.60 0.747 2.23   2.22 0.985 6.84   6.82 0.984 3.07   3.30 0.712
New Hampshire 3.48   3.45 0.953 2.32   2.40 0.881 7.69   8.31 0.589 2.98   2.84 0.805
New Jersey 2.97   3.06 0.848 1.81   1.71 0.811 6.57   5.95 0.526 2.61   2.78 0.769
New Mexico 4.05   4.21 0.778 2.72   2.46 0.693 9.90   8.45 0.310 3.17   3.67 0.504
New York 3.60   3.88 0.459 2.17   2.25 0.816 6.48a  8.42 0.006 3.30   3.27 0.941
North Carolina 3.05   3.48 0.355 1.93   1.49 0.287 6.13   6.48 0.725 2.69   3.24 0.348
North Dakota 3.75   3.35 0.409 3.25a  2.12 0.046 8.42   7.61 0.483 2.84   2.55 0.640
Ohio 3.39   3.35 0.909 1.72   1.92 0.496 7.87   7.78 0.890 2.85   2.81 0.918
Oklahoma 2.86   3.29 0.281 2.02   1.90 0.781 6.61   7.35 0.490 2.26   2.74 0.351
Oregon 3.31b  4.24 0.078 2.13   2.24 0.826 7.26   7.79 0.627 2.80b  3.92 0.090
Pennsylvania 2.90   2.98 0.803 1.89   1.51 0.200 6.56   5.99 0.376 2.44   2.67 0.575
Rhode Island 4.39   4.23 0.800 2.41   1.78 0.228 10.70a  7.65 0.022 3.49   3.89 0.631
South Carolina 3.64   4.07 0.467 1.76   1.56 0.633 7.93   6.40 0.167 3.13   4.00 0.255
South Dakota 4.50   3.72 0.175 3.86a  2.21 0.010 8.72   9.19 0.726 3.77   2.93 0.250
Tennessee 2.71   3.26 0.219 1.71   1.64 0.867 5.87   6.52 0.525 2.31   2.96 0.249
Texas 3.11   3.14 0.913 1.93   1.90 0.924 6.69   5.79 0.158 2.60   2.83 0.543
Utah 3.14   3.21 0.858 1.77   1.78 0.993 5.61   5.78 0.856 2.67   2.81 0.799
Vermont 3.25   3.82 0.278 2.90b  1.95 0.082 7.10   7.49 0.730 2.64   3.44 0.230
Virginia 3.48   3.64 0.739 2.60   1.91 0.156 7.38   7.85 0.671 2.96   3.13 0.781
Washington 3.16   3.49 0.460 2.19   2.06 0.793 7.44   7.37 0.951 2.56   3.04 0.396
West Virginia 2.74   3.32 0.220 2.30   2.04 0.608 6.01   6.62 0.559 2.26   2.98 0.214
Wisconsin 3.64   3.64 0.988 2.27   2.14 0.802 8.56   8.21 0.763 2.95   3.05 0.877
Wyoming 3.57   3.48 0.857 2.40   2.51 0.836 8.17   7.95 0.851 2.87   2.81 0.929

101215

Table D.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.95   2.81 0.132 5.35a  4.46 0.000 8.02   7.72 0.197 1.74   1.75 0.897
Northeast 2.97   2.96 0.930 5.45a  4.26 0.000 8.99   8.78 0.640 1.70   1.82 0.472
Midwest 2.84b  2.64 0.095 5.47a  4.56 0.001 7.69   7.27 0.222 1.60   1.59 0.926
South 2.92   2.75 0.168 5.22a  4.20 0.000 7.53   7.26 0.395 1.80   1.81 0.976
West 3.09   2.94 0.365 5.36   4.91 0.242 8.36   8.00 0.447 1.79   1.76 0.854
Alabama 2.68   2.76 0.820 4.67   4.22 0.576 6.53   7.21 0.512 1.73   1.82 0.829
Alaska 3.13   2.96 0.609 6.31a  4.37 0.040 8.57   7.62 0.430 1.62   1.87 0.514
Arizona 3.35   2.98 0.330 6.83a  4.51 0.029 8.15   8.54 0.756 1.98   1.84 0.743
Arkansas 2.96   2.86 0.775 5.13   4.66 0.601 7.94   7.16 0.487 1.77   1.93 0.675
California 3.01   2.94 0.785 4.93   4.99 0.927 7.82   7.80 0.985 1.84   1.72 0.680
Colorado 3.23   2.96 0.444 5.02   5.62 0.546 10.20   8.49 0.215 1.78   1.71 0.874
Connecticut 2.88   2.92 0.887 5.41   4.38 0.241 9.20   9.11 0.941 1.62   1.76 0.721
Delaware 3.03   2.87 0.636 5.26   4.66 0.490 8.03   8.76 0.540 1.89   1.68 0.606
District of Columbia 3.96   4.38 0.495 4.30   3.83 0.571 8.72   8.72 1.000 2.99   3.46 0.530
Florida 3.12   2.73 0.152 5.77a  4.27 0.008 8.41   7.22 0.105 2.04   1.90 0.654
Georgia 2.88   2.56 0.363 4.93   3.83 0.180 6.35   6.93 0.589 1.95   1.65 0.469
Hawaii 2.75   2.90 0.719 5.77b  3.96 0.075 8.13   7.49 0.633 1.48   2.05 0.251
Idaho 2.93   3.02 0.785 6.02   5.09 0.342 7.66   7.74 0.945 1.46   1.89 0.222
Illinois 2.81   2.62 0.382 5.36   4.48 0.114 7.69   7.08 0.361 1.59   1.57 0.929
Indiana 2.84   3.04 0.533 4.68   5.12 0.628 7.88   7.88 0.995 1.64   1.96 0.416
Iowa 2.52a  1.89 0.034 4.81   4.10 0.427 6.61   5.37 0.232 1.44   1.00 0.179
Kansas 2.52   2.28 0.437 4.35   4.01 0.697 6.66   6.47 0.855 1.44   1.27 0.617
Kentucky 2.80   3.22 0.220 5.24   4.23 0.238 7.41   9.19 0.158 1.69   2.17 0.228
Louisiana 3.34   2.90 0.238 5.07b  3.72 0.098 7.63   7.59 0.968 2.21   1.88 0.467
Maine 2.94   2.87 0.835 5.66   4.43 0.166 9.78   9.77 0.992 1.57   1.74 0.653
Maryland 3.02   2.81 0.552 5.22   3.87 0.115 9.15   7.62 0.226 1.75   1.86 0.796
Massachusetts 3.63   3.48 0.713 6.44a  4.42 0.036 11.41   9.83 0.284 2.05   2.24 0.690
Michigan 2.99   2.97 0.943 6.16a  4.66 0.010 7.52   8.15 0.349 1.75   1.87 0.678
Minnesota 2.75   2.37 0.226 5.73   4.31 0.108 7.45   6.63 0.458 1.48   1.40 0.821
Mississippi 2.85   2.55 0.350 4.23   3.88 0.634 6.79   6.89 0.919 1.84   1.56 0.478
Missouri 3.01   2.50 0.113 5.13   4.37 0.367 8.54   7.37 0.293 1.74   1.47 0.458
Montana 3.19   2.71 0.169 7.18a  4.49 0.010 8.48   8.01 0.685 1.69   1.61 0.846
Nebraska 2.84a  2.06 0.012 5.92   4.49 0.133 7.04   5.41 0.106 1.59   1.11 0.173
Nevada 2.98   3.45 0.241 5.98   5.01 0.320 8.03   8.89 0.469 1.78   2.44 0.172
New Hampshire 3.37   3.37 0.997 6.95   5.30 0.118 11.18   10.01 0.436 1.67   2.12 0.290
New Jersey 2.69   2.51 0.560 5.06   4.11 0.261 7.82   7.26 0.605 1.65   1.57 0.832
New Mexico 3.81b  3.07 0.082 6.05   5.97 0.941 11.15b  8.39 0.069 2.09   1.71 0.426
New York 3.03   3.14 0.671 5.28b  4.30 0.082 8.87   9.64 0.326 1.78   1.82 0.875
North Carolina 2.94   2.50 0.172 5.67b  4.20 0.090 7.39   6.89 0.618 1.83   1.58 0.513
North Dakota 2.79b  2.23 0.065 5.89b  4.28 0.073 7.33   6.18 0.296 1.41   1.09 0.318
Ohio 2.93   2.79 0.512 5.61b  4.63 0.069 8.36   7.95 0.542 1.63   1.71 0.752
Oklahoma 2.85   3.06 0.557 5.13   4.74 0.677 7.89   7.48 0.732 1.56   2.04 0.234
Oregon 3.05   3.43 0.293 5.27   4.83 0.630 9.44   9.54 0.943 1.67   2.32 0.136
Pennsylvania 2.60   2.59 0.965 5.11a  4.01 0.035 7.76   7.17 0.397 1.44   1.67 0.388
Rhode Island 3.90   4.15 0.633 6.15   4.79 0.186 12.71   10.83 0.263 2.02   2.82 0.177
South Carolina 2.85   3.00 0.698 4.67   4.05 0.431 7.87   7.00 0.446 1.72   2.21 0.272
South Dakota 2.67   2.61 0.836 5.83   4.96 0.354 7.10   7.08 0.985 1.32   1.50 0.566
Tennessee 2.80   2.35 0.151 4.85   3.72 0.147 7.08   6.28 0.463 1.82   1.58 0.530
Texas 2.73   2.75 0.943 5.14   4.44 0.203 6.89   7.05 0.812 1.53   1.69 0.558
Utah 2.85   2.95 0.772 4.75   4.55 0.821 5.98   7.42 0.190 1.57   1.56 0.959
Vermont 3.63   3.05 0.143 7.86a  4.10 0.000 12.03   10.03 0.181 1.62   1.79 0.668
Virginia 3.03   2.78 0.465 5.67   4.34 0.153 8.55   7.76 0.496 1.79   1.75 0.922
Washington 3.29a  2.48 0.010 6.05b  4.48 0.095 10.50a  7.71 0.029 1.67   1.39 0.403
West Virginia 2.96   3.18 0.572 5.58b  4.07 0.091 9.27   8.48 0.544 1.64   2.32 0.115
Wisconsin 2.71   2.50 0.479 5.86   4.74 0.228 7.28   7.00 0.804 1.45   1.46 0.986
Wyoming 2.64   2.34 0.315 4.53   4.90 0.677 8.18   6.55 0.161 1.32   1.27 0.886

101215

Table D.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 1.91   1.94 0.635 2.97a  2.45 0.000 5.36   5.50 0.480 1.16   1.26 0.266
Northeast 1.97b  2.19 0.073 3.07a  2.48 0.009 6.12   6.52 0.315 1.17b  1.42 0.075
Midwest 1.86   1.82 0.679 3.07a  2.45 0.001 5.14   5.13 0.965 1.10   1.16 0.576
South 1.89   1.83 0.553 2.93a  2.24 0.000 5.02   5.05 0.890 1.20   1.24 0.766
West 1.93   2.04 0.363 2.84   2.73 0.687 5.54   5.74 0.616 1.13   1.27 0.332
Alabama 1.77   1.94 0.489 2.56   2.27 0.600 4.65   5.31 0.441 1.15   1.32 0.553
Alaska 2.08   1.91 0.534 3.33   2.32 0.101 6.00   5.20 0.400 1.18   1.23 0.867
Arizona 1.98   2.07 0.744 3.77b  2.54 0.100 5.88   6.39 0.617 1.02   1.27 0.377
Arkansas 1.95   2.03 0.748 2.97   2.52 0.460 5.29   5.11 0.835 1.22   1.47 0.408
California 1.88   2.05 0.351 2.62   2.70 0.854 5.22   5.70 0.431 1.15   1.25 0.641
Colorado 2.01   1.88 0.587 2.78   3.06 0.670 6.46   5.38 0.288 1.13   1.15 0.954
Connecticut 1.86   1.89 0.888 2.89   2.52 0.541 6.08   5.90 0.858 1.11   1.17 0.804
Delaware 1.98   2.01 0.913 2.87   2.43 0.456 5.65   6.42 0.433 1.23   1.22 0.967
District of Columbia 2.95   3.02 0.876 2.06   2.02 0.933 6.26   6.43 0.877 2.37   2.35 0.976
Florida 2.02   1.78 0.239 3.20a  2.15 0.014 5.83   5.00 0.167 1.34   1.26 0.759
Georgia 1.86   1.64 0.384 2.73   2.03 0.204 3.89   4.35 0.545 1.37   1.12 0.449
Hawaii 1.70   1.86 0.616 2.87   2.38 0.471 5.39   4.82 0.577 0.96   1.32 0.293
Idaho 1.79   2.17 0.134 3.18   3.17 0.993 4.67   5.39 0.427 0.97b  1.47 0.086
Illinois 1.89   1.75 0.441 3.26a  2.13 0.008 5.00   4.91 0.879 1.15   1.12 0.886
Indiana 1.85   2.11 0.293 2.80   2.79 0.989 5.21   5.67 0.619 1.10   1.42 0.265
Iowa 1.61   1.25 0.106 2.53   2.34 0.760 4.51   3.43 0.143 0.94   0.73 0.402
Kansas 1.67   1.52 0.501 2.66   2.23 0.476 4.66   4.31 0.664 0.95   0.91 0.866
Kentucky 1.91   2.35 0.130 3.31   2.34 0.137 4.94a  7.11 0.030 1.21   1.60 0.235
Louisiana 2.17   2.18 0.963 2.67   2.11 0.309 5.07   5.83 0.414 1.51   1.49 0.961
Maine 1.74b  2.14 0.095 2.90   2.50 0.503 6.39   7.51 0.304 0.90b  1.36 0.081
Maryland 2.00   1.98 0.940 2.95   2.10 0.134 5.85   5.51 0.719 1.26   1.37 0.750
Massachusetts 2.43   2.51 0.799 3.46   2.65 0.234 8.33   6.96 0.292 1.36   1.70 0.334
Michigan 1.93   2.05 0.515 3.34   2.68 0.122 5.16   5.85 0.254 1.16   1.32 0.479
Minnesota 1.76   1.54 0.288 3.42b  2.24 0.053 5.02   4.48 0.505 0.94   0.95 0.976
Mississippi 1.84   1.72 0.630 2.49   2.15 0.540 4.25   4.77 0.533 1.25   1.09 0.598
Missouri 1.88   1.84 0.869 2.94   2.61 0.583 5.55   5.52 0.975 1.08   1.13 0.863
Montana 1.90   1.88 0.939 3.62b  2.38 0.060 5.37   5.40 0.978 1.03   1.23 0.475
Nebraska 1.93a  1.42 0.047 3.47   2.63 0.244 4.68   3.62 0.170 1.17   0.85 0.263
Nevada 1.91   2.11 0.497 3.41   2.98 0.542 5.52   5.86 0.721 1.15   1.44 0.377
New Hampshire 2.07   2.48 0.201 3.19   3.20 0.993 7.36   7.00 0.770 1.10b  1.70 0.079
New Jersey 1.72   1.94 0.363 2.80   2.43 0.510 5.52   5.66 0.879 1.04   1.31 0.349
New Mexico 2.11   2.09 0.962 3.12   3.14 0.974 6.94   6.01 0.447 1.05   1.23 0.545
New York 2.10   2.37 0.201 3.18   2.51 0.110 6.03b  7.32 0.068 1.31   1.46 0.530
North Carolina 1.89   1.65 0.317 3.30   2.33 0.117 4.96   4.80 0.843 1.19   1.06 0.634
North Dakota 1.69   1.46 0.346 3.17   2.32 0.187 4.35   4.08 0.731 0.92   0.77 0.550
Ohio 1.97   2.03 0.729 2.83   2.38 0.243 5.76   5.81 0.941 1.19   1.36 0.431
Oklahoma 1.88   1.93 0.835 2.89   2.67 0.741 5.55   4.84 0.422 1.03   1.31 0.325
Oregon 2.02b  2.65 0.056 2.46   2.95 0.431 6.22   7.25 0.351 1.25b  1.90 0.086
Pennsylvania 1.68   1.90 0.209 2.90b  2.26 0.077 5.06   5.36 0.586 0.98   1.29 0.131
Rhode Island 2.63   3.00 0.383 3.62   2.72 0.224 8.27   7.87 0.764 1.48   2.12 0.193
South Carolina 1.75   1.80 0.826 2.55   1.94 0.233 4.37   4.76 0.624 1.17   1.30 0.676
South Dakota 1.66   1.62 0.869 3.01   2.38 0.292 4.47   4.65 0.821 0.90   0.97 0.765
Tennessee 1.83   1.46 0.127 2.95   2.07 0.123 4.74   4.06 0.395 1.20   0.99 0.460
Texas 1.71   1.81 0.540 2.85   2.32 0.159 4.68   4.99 0.577 0.95   1.14 0.324
Utah 1.77   1.79 0.939 2.62   2.30 0.589 3.67   4.72 0.181 1.05   0.97 0.751
Vermont 2.16   2.08 0.782 3.62a  2.26 0.045 7.57   6.75 0.492 1.03   1.30 0.361
Virginia 1.99   1.82 0.523 2.99   2.45 0.373 5.65   4.93 0.412 1.26   1.21 0.877
Washington 2.12   1.86 0.322 3.08   2.76 0.621 6.90   5.73 0.250 1.17   1.13 0.893
West Virginia 1.86b  2.43 0.075 3.11   2.47 0.323 6.03   6.64 0.569 1.05a  1.82 0.033
Wisconsin 1.73   1.67 0.801 3.08   2.66 0.507 4.78   4.75 0.967 1.00   1.03 0.888
Wyoming 1.71   1.45 0.246 2.67   2.78 0.877 5.18   4.02 0.161 0.92   0.83 0.732

101215

Table D.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 9.22b  8.92 0.092 8.89a  7.33 0.000 21.37a  20.36 0.012 7.15   7.15 0.982
Northeast 8.88   8.90 0.938 8.91a  7.20 0.000 21.57   21.58 0.992 6.86   6.97 0.774
Midwest 9.92a  9.21 0.006 9.46a  7.63 0.000 23.37a  21.48 0.002 7.58   7.30 0.388
South 8.77   8.44 0.164 8.44a  6.62 0.000 20.21a  18.80 0.012 6.82   6.92 0.743
West 9.52   9.43 0.797 9.00   8.25 0.112 21.01   20.74 0.726 7.49   7.54 0.908
Alabama 7.40   8.10 0.341 7.14   6.94 0.846 16.46   17.50 0.568 5.83   6.66 0.348
Alaska 10.41   9.52 0.310 9.45b  7.31 0.075 23.91b  20.33 0.092 8.31   7.82 0.647
Arizona 11.04a  9.23 0.037 10.62a  7.91 0.039 23.42   22.30 0.610 8.87   7.19 0.119
Arkansas 9.10   8.26 0.276 9.02   7.57 0.199 21.53   19.02 0.210 6.90   6.60 0.747
California 9.00   9.48 0.357 8.27   8.17 0.890 19.40   20.20 0.500 7.21   7.61 0.531
Colorado 10.81   10.45 0.693 9.24   9.83 0.664 25.03   24.59 0.842 8.55   8.17 0.731
Connecticut 8.80   9.80 0.239 8.95   7.82 0.346 22.74   23.67 0.670 6.76   7.85 0.285
Delaware 9.29   9.61 0.696 8.74   7.68 0.372 21.46   23.62 0.307 7.26   7.52 0.802
District of Columbia 11.87   11.33 0.620 5.95   5.49 0.631 21.16   21.25 0.968 10.56   9.65 0.486
Florida 8.80   8.49 0.571 8.85a  6.97 0.007 21.29a  17.99 0.004 7.01   7.25 0.713
Georgia 9.11   8.55 0.507 7.82b  5.83 0.067 19.07   20.11 0.609 7.49   6.96 0.607
Hawaii 9.15   8.99 0.872 9.95   8.07 0.185 23.25   19.76 0.133 6.79   7.38 0.597
Idaho 9.75   8.83 0.227 10.91a  8.15 0.028 21.24   19.84 0.479 7.19   6.98 0.828
Illinois 10.11a  9.04 0.046 9.05a  7.07 0.006 23.32b  21.00 0.060 7.92   7.14 0.237
Indiana 9.32   8.47 0.266 8.81   7.71 0.351 23.20   20.04 0.135 6.84   6.63 0.809
Iowa 9.47   9.27 0.801 9.51   8.23 0.270 22.21   21.32 0.659 7.04   7.28 0.808
Kansas 8.33   9.04 0.355 7.33   7.66 0.763 20.75   21.08 0.868 6.07   6.98 0.331
Kentucky 8.04   7.92 0.882 8.27b  6.19 0.051 18.86   19.14 0.888 6.13   6.38 0.774
Louisiana 9.70   8.71 0.213 8.67a  5.70 0.005 20.91   19.31 0.402 7.60   7.08 0.592
Maine 8.81   8.35 0.555 9.07b  6.89 0.057 21.37   21.69 0.877 6.89   6.66 0.797
Maryland 9.19   8.12 0.204 8.20a  5.89 0.026 20.17   17.33 0.153 7.59   6.84 0.463
Massachusetts 10.71   9.66 0.256 10.82a  7.49 0.007 24.13   23.89 0.908 8.55   7.39 0.291
Michigan 10.05   9.38 0.227 9.80a  7.76 0.005 21.81   20.72 0.329 8.04   7.66 0.579
Minnesota 10.57   10.15 0.624 10.60a  7.71 0.013 24.61   23.33 0.558 8.02   8.21 0.862
Mississippi 7.91   7.51 0.582 6.29   5.89 0.693 17.46   16.45 0.566 6.22   6.10 0.885
Missouri 9.58   8.95 0.429 9.19b  7.27 0.090 23.72   21.20 0.220 7.14   7.15 0.994
Montana 12.02   10.70 0.223 15.02a  10.52 0.006 26.55   26.88 0.885 9.00   8.02 0.457
Nebraska 11.07b  9.43 0.069 11.75a  7.64 0.001 26.52a  21.06 0.011 7.98   7.47 0.633
Nevada 9.75   9.54 0.802 10.26   8.78 0.261 21.32   20.89 0.843 7.87   7.95 0.935
New Hampshire 10.90   9.72 0.186 11.69a  8.83 0.043 27.70   24.82 0.198 8.18   7.51 0.541
New Jersey 7.59   8.06 0.538 8.08   6.41 0.118 19.65   19.53 0.952 5.80   6.49 0.460
New Mexico 12.04   10.34 0.107 11.74   10.43 0.412 27.35a  22.10 0.023 9.24   8.17 0.409
New York 8.88   9.53 0.241 8.61   7.91 0.345 20.33a  22.94 0.032 7.02   7.31 0.665
North Carolina 8.31   7.68 0.401 8.30a  6.00 0.030 20.21   17.36 0.150 6.32   6.32 0.997
North Dakota 11.60a  9.67 0.031 12.97a  8.05 0.000 27.99a  23.14 0.028 7.98   6.85 0.293
Ohio 9.56   9.06 0.325 8.99a  7.45 0.023 22.42   21.49 0.430 7.43   7.23 0.744
Oklahoma 8.66   9.26 0.448 8.96   7.52 0.219 21.08   20.25 0.692 6.23   7.49 0.185
Oregon 9.25   10.13 0.282 9.35   9.17 0.885 22.35   22.30 0.983 7.02   8.36 0.173
Pennsylvania 8.30   7.68 0.217 8.45a  6.09 0.000 21.57a  18.15 0.004 6.14   6.16 0.975
Rhode Island 11.97   10.48 0.144 9.88   8.05 0.154 29.42a  22.61 0.006 9.04   8.50 0.653
South Carolina 9.26   9.29 0.973 7.71   6.18 0.136 22.59b  19.10 0.091 7.11   8.07 0.378
South Dakota 11.70   10.87 0.371 12.84a  9.41 0.020 28.81   25.78 0.175 8.18   8.37 0.868
Tennessee 7.94   7.57 0.626 7.86a  5.30 0.013 19.07   17.51 0.409 6.08   6.32 0.789
Texas 8.98   8.48 0.284 8.81a  7.25 0.025 20.09   18.49 0.147 6.82   6.77 0.932
Utah 7.99   7.90 0.908 6.98   6.06 0.391 15.73   16.37 0.734 5.90   6.09 0.847
Vermont 9.90   9.38 0.514 11.47a  7.40 0.001 24.33   24.79 0.826 7.20   7.09 0.904
Virginia 9.09   9.41 0.705 9.40b  7.31 0.085 22.13   23.04 0.674 6.93   7.35 0.674
Washington 9.48   8.48 0.198 9.30b  7.34 0.097 23.41b  20.12 0.092 7.12   6.75 0.689
West Virginia 8.13   8.26 0.865 9.30a  6.72 0.019 20.37   19.51 0.663 6.02   6.81 0.386
Wisconsin 10.65   9.54 0.178 10.09   8.73 0.295 26.38   23.62 0.201 7.91   7.27 0.526
Wyoming 10.07   9.29 0.341 9.77   9.25 0.691 25.38a  21.25 0.049 7.21   7.17 0.968

101215

Table D.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 2.66   2.53 0.151 5.00a  4.17 0.000 7.45   7.09 0.130 1.50   1.53 0.739
Northeast 2.63   2.57 0.694 5.10a  3.97 0.000 8.33   7.87 0.285 1.41   1.51 0.502
Midwest 2.53   2.39 0.185 5.09a  4.20 0.001 7.11   6.77 0.290 1.35   1.40 0.704
South 2.61   2.48 0.264 4.87a  3.95 0.000 6.96   6.69 0.402 1.54   1.58 0.719
West 2.90   2.71 0.255 5.01   4.62 0.289 7.89   7.40 0.313 1.67   1.61 0.720
Alabama 2.22   2.47 0.355 4.25   3.84 0.580 5.94   6.80 0.387 1.28   1.56 0.392
Alaska 3.13   2.90 0.547 5.55b  4.12 0.099 8.08   6.93 0.306 1.83   1.96 0.798
Arizona 3.21   2.70 0.174 6.65a  4.32 0.023 7.80   7.73 0.951 1.88   1.63 0.558
Arkansas 2.67   2.65 0.941 4.78   4.47 0.711 7.51   6.86 0.567 1.52   1.73 0.571
California 2.81   2.76 0.855 4.57   4.75 0.763 7.33   7.36 0.973 1.72   1.61 0.696
Colorado 3.04   2.75 0.372 4.72   5.31 0.540 9.68   8.17 0.254 1.66   1.53 0.726
Connecticut 2.81   2.55 0.459 5.05   4.06 0.234 8.19   7.86 0.780 1.73   1.53 0.617
Delaware 2.60   2.63 0.933 4.50   4.33 0.837 6.70   7.99 0.273 1.65   1.53 0.755
District of Columbia 3.02   3.32 0.502 3.80   3.69 0.883 8.13   7.95 0.889 1.94   2.24 0.570
Florida 2.83   2.47 0.165 5.20a  4.08 0.040 7.76   6.70 0.119 1.83   1.67 0.589
Georgia 2.55   2.37 0.525 4.79   3.60 0.121 5.92   6.48 0.593 1.62   1.50 0.727
Hawaii 2.63   2.62 0.983 5.47a  3.62 0.046 7.73   6.62 0.362 1.43   1.86 0.382
Idaho 2.75   2.82 0.822 5.82   4.72 0.225 7.21   7.29 0.944 1.34   1.77 0.232
Illinois 2.48   2.36 0.525 5.01b  4.11 0.086 6.96   6.74 0.721 1.34   1.34 0.996
Indiana 2.52   2.66 0.661 4.14   4.65 0.559 6.96   7.25 0.802 1.47   1.62 0.675
Iowa 2.36b  1.83 0.064 4.18   3.80 0.645 6.00   5.08 0.326 1.43   1.01 0.208
Kansas 2.20   2.06 0.587 3.88   3.59 0.706 6.29   6.08 0.836 1.16   1.10 0.853
Kentucky 2.56   2.90 0.304 5.02   3.94 0.181 6.98   8.28 0.267 1.49   1.93 0.250
Louisiana 2.89   2.60 0.404 4.25   3.51 0.324 6.77   6.88 0.913 1.90   1.65 0.547
Maine 2.84   2.72 0.721 5.35   4.15 0.154 8.95   8.92 0.982 1.61   1.70 0.821
Maryland 2.68   2.38 0.341 4.96b  3.57 0.082 8.62   6.79 0.122 1.43   1.48 0.892
Massachusetts 3.12   3.02 0.778 6.08a  4.24 0.047 10.41   9.02 0.318 1.60   1.81 0.598
Michigan 2.60   2.63 0.858 5.88a  4.46 0.012 7.19   7.33 0.830 1.33   1.60 0.303
Minnesota 2.57   2.18 0.166 5.46a  3.76 0.048 6.97   6.07 0.382 1.36   1.32 0.898
Mississippi 2.52   2.32 0.500 3.92   3.53 0.589 6.26   6.44 0.857 1.55   1.39 0.648
Missouri 2.78   2.34 0.144 4.66   3.98 0.384 8.01   6.82 0.303 1.60   1.39 0.552
Montana 2.90   2.47 0.153 6.42a  4.25 0.019 8.02   7.20 0.482 1.49   1.46 0.932
Nebraska 2.64a  1.90 0.012 5.36   4.13 0.186 6.25   4.97 0.162 1.55   1.03 0.131
Nevada 2.69   3.06 0.312 5.40   4.78 0.525 7.75   8.40 0.593 1.54   2.05 0.224
New Hampshire 3.01   3.03 0.947 6.54   5.12 0.170 10.57   9.23 0.368 1.35   1.83 0.240
New Jersey 2.27   2.11 0.563 4.64   3.88 0.333 7.07   6.46 0.560 1.28   1.22 0.859
New Mexico 3.50   2.89 0.126 5.64   5.66 0.987 10.19   8.00 0.126 1.92   1.58 0.462
New York 2.74   2.80 0.786 4.98a  3.95 0.050 8.38   8.74 0.648 1.52   1.59 0.786
North Carolina 2.62   2.26 0.231 5.21   3.91 0.117 6.65   6.22 0.677 1.60   1.42 0.589
North Dakota 2.59b  2.06 0.054 5.37a  3.72 0.048 6.90   5.69 0.241 1.31   1.04 0.366
Ohio 2.61   2.59 0.913 5.24b  4.34 0.090 7.76   7.58 0.788 1.36   1.55 0.441
Oklahoma 2.74   2.74 0.996 4.91   4.40 0.556 7.25   6.55 0.515 1.56   1.83 0.527
Oregon 2.88   2.99 0.763 5.07   4.37 0.406 9.17   8.23 0.439 1.53   2.02 0.226
Pennsylvania 2.24   2.15 0.644 4.80a  3.69 0.028 7.21   6.20 0.119 1.11   1.30 0.386
Rhode Island 3.18   3.49 0.445 5.54   4.57 0.316 11.23   9.82 0.355 1.42   2.17 0.102
South Carolina 2.43   2.53 0.742 4.32   3.87 0.585 7.31   6.29 0.351 1.31   1.75 0.238
South Dakota 2.37   2.29 0.782 5.08   4.30 0.374 6.20   6.42 0.820 1.21   1.29 0.804
Tennessee 2.54   2.15 0.189 4.43   3.49 0.215 6.71   5.79 0.387 1.59   1.43 0.649
Texas 2.47   2.55 0.695 4.91   4.22 0.197 6.39   6.68 0.663 1.31   1.52 0.382
Utah 2.69   2.47 0.475 4.22   4.13 0.922 5.42   6.11 0.474 1.59   1.28 0.368
Vermont 3.39   2.81 0.123 7.19a  3.89 0.001 11.52b  8.87 0.059 1.49   1.70 0.612
Virginia 2.69   2.45 0.412 5.51   4.07 0.105 7.95   6.99 0.391 1.46   1.48 0.941
Washington 3.08a  2.25 0.007 5.76a  3.94 0.043 10.00a  6.84 0.011 1.53   1.30 0.498
West Virginia 2.46   2.84 0.301 5.29   3.94 0.104 8.37   7.62 0.525 1.18a  2.04 0.029
Wisconsin 2.28   2.20 0.738 5.67   4.33 0.160 6.84   6.38 0.658 0.99   1.23 0.370
Wyoming 2.46   2.14 0.247 4.23   4.31 0.925 7.82   6.15 0.145 1.19   1.16 0.922

101215

Table D.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2008-2009 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2002-2003)
12+
(2008-2009)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2002-2003)
12-17
(2008-2009)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2002-2003)
18-25
(2008-2009)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2002-2003)
26+
(2008-2009)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2008-2009 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (formerly the Office of Applied Studies), National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, 2008, and 2009.
Total U.S. 7.19   6.98 0.188 5.59a  4.54 0.000 16.89a  15.92 0.007 5.73   5.75 0.915
Northeast 6.77   6.81 0.876 5.54a  4.45 0.001 16.94   16.56 0.548 5.31   5.45 0.683
Midwest 7.96a  7.36 0.011 6.15a  4.90 0.000 18.96a  17.28 0.002 6.25   5.96 0.331
South 6.79   6.55 0.299 5.19a  4.05 0.000 15.99a  14.51 0.002 5.41   5.53 0.654
West 7.41   7.41 0.996 5.69b  5.04 0.086 16.15   16.30 0.826 6.06   6.12 0.887
Alabama 5.81   6.09 0.647 4.65   4.17 0.534 13.20   13.06 0.922 4.65   5.16 0.503
Alaska 7.76   7.37 0.616 5.37   4.87 0.562 18.23   15.96 0.216 6.44   6.12 0.745
Arizona 9.02a  7.28 0.033 7.16b  5.11 0.054 18.75   17.55 0.536 7.54b  5.83 0.083
Arkansas 7.33   6.39 0.189 6.08   4.80 0.152 17.14   14.43 0.117 5.76   5.28 0.562
California 6.95   7.50 0.259 5.05   4.93 0.834 14.54   15.85 0.202 5.84   6.26 0.494
Colorado 8.55   8.34 0.801 6.24   5.99 0.785 20.00   20.32 0.871 6.87   6.63 0.808
Connecticut 6.44a  8.31 0.020 5.24   5.75 0.563 18.16   19.49 0.489 4.90a  6.86 0.042
Delaware 7.09   7.31 0.765 5.50   4.74 0.355 17.19   17.89 0.694 5.56   5.86 0.730
District of Columbia 8.88   8.58 0.750 2.48   3.25 0.291 16.09   16.61 0.778 8.03   7.28 0.507
Florida 6.47   6.64 0.711 4.93   4.30 0.233 16.46a  14.12 0.027 5.22   5.79 0.318
Georgia 7.07   6.46 0.403 4.68b  3.39 0.071 14.94   14.71 0.895 5.99   5.48 0.570
Hawaii 7.31   7.32 0.993 6.19   5.39 0.496 17.85   16.35 0.457 5.79   6.10 0.754
Idaho 8.18a  6.66 0.036 7.69a  4.71 0.002 18.00   15.51 0.171 6.23   5.39 0.326
Illinois 8.31a  7.23 0.026 5.84a  4.16 0.001 18.98b  17.08 0.087 6.77   5.85 0.122
Indiana 7.15   6.45 0.295 5.51   4.51 0.224 18.15   15.89 0.221 5.36   5.11 0.753
Iowa 7.64   8.03 0.617 7.01   6.23 0.464 18.20   18.16 0.983 5.72   6.46 0.409
Kansas 6.85   7.58 0.308 4.98   5.30 0.725 17.70   18.31 0.756 5.02   5.88 0.311
Kentucky 5.90   5.70 0.773 5.21b  3.83 0.076 14.15   13.29 0.591 4.55   4.74 0.812
Louisiana 7.34   6.81 0.458 5.09b  3.69 0.066 16.67   14.45 0.198 5.81   5.76 0.959
Maine 6.59   6.41 0.794 5.43   4.13 0.120 17.24   16.68 0.764 5.15   5.23 0.920
Maryland 7.09   6.11 0.156 5.19a  3.39 0.012 15.17   13.55 0.362 6.08   5.19 0.291
Massachusetts 7.86   6.98 0.249 7.15a  4.57 0.007 18.08   18.42 0.860 6.31   5.23 0.236
Michigan 8.05b  7.10 0.065 6.22a  4.77 0.010 17.31   15.76 0.134 6.70   5.93 0.228
Minnesota 8.14   8.75 0.459 6.55   5.55 0.298 19.75   20.66 0.651 6.26   7.11 0.376
Mississippi 6.17   5.97 0.758 3.47   3.69 0.747 13.69   12.48 0.437 5.06   5.10 0.964
Missouri 7.63   7.09 0.465 6.09   4.98 0.203 19.32   16.40 0.105 5.78   5.83 0.954
Montana 9.99   9.18 0.415 10.37a  7.70 0.046 22.55   23.21 0.754 7.69   7.02 0.575
Nebraska 9.51   8.18 0.113 8.42a  5.45 0.009 23.20a  18.52 0.020 7.03   6.58 0.657
Nevada 7.83   7.37 0.582 6.80   5.24 0.110 15.54   16.44 0.617 6.75   6.30 0.644
New Hampshire 8.64b  7.23 0.088 7.33a  5.24 0.027 22.30b  18.61 0.060 6.69   5.74 0.328
New Jersey 5.81   6.18 0.601 4.97b  3.63 0.091 15.91   15.07 0.636 4.48   5.12 0.441
New Mexico 9.40   8.22 0.180 7.46   6.30 0.304 21.52b  17.94 0.087 7.45   6.68 0.487
New York 6.77   7.40 0.216 5.36   5.08 0.624 15.53   17.25 0.112 5.50   5.91 0.505
North Carolina 6.31   5.99 0.623 5.34a  3.34 0.010 16.04   13.83 0.190 4.80   5.05 0.755
North Dakota 9.91a  7.90 0.015 9.46a  5.03 0.000 25.71a  19.58 0.003 6.66   5.64 0.301
Ohio 7.47   7.19 0.564 5.59   4.98 0.247 17.69   16.79 0.379 5.97   5.89 0.898
Oklahoma 6.61   7.15 0.433 5.41   4.76 0.462 16.77   16.09 0.724 4.83   5.84 0.217
Oregon 6.93   7.65 0.323 5.78   5.87 0.923 16.86   16.38 0.783 5.40   6.51 0.203
Pennsylvania 6.54b  5.73 0.069 5.20a  3.53 0.001 17.60a  14.16 0.001 4.93   4.60 0.556
Rhode Island 9.01   7.77 0.153 6.28b  4.73 0.087 23.85a  17.13 0.001 6.65   6.38 0.802
South Carolina 7.38   7.46 0.923 4.50   3.98 0.471 18.58b  15.25 0.066 5.78   6.61 0.399
South Dakota 9.59   8.84 0.384 8.55a  6.00 0.031 24.04   21.77 0.266 6.92   6.88 0.973
Tennessee 5.70   5.95 0.708 4.62b  3.32 0.070 14.41   13.54 0.621 4.38   5.11 0.349
Texas 7.43   6.76 0.140 5.65a  4.44 0.029 16.62a  14.35 0.020 5.91   5.66 0.666
Utah 6.33   5.78 0.436 4.71b  3.24 0.061 12.89   12.30 0.719 4.71   4.58 0.880
Vermont 7.30   7.45 0.826 6.43b  4.93 0.099 18.33   18.73 0.829 5.51   5.90 0.648
Virginia 7.08   7.36 0.699 6.01   4.68 0.147 17.15   18.44 0.478 5.59   5.80 0.804
Washington 7.00   6.55 0.528 5.70   4.44 0.112 17.79   15.34 0.160 5.33   5.40 0.931
West Virginia 6.17   5.82 0.583 6.31a  4.25 0.014 15.53   14.19 0.428 4.64   4.78 0.851
Wisconsin 8.92b  7.49 0.074 7.00b  5.21 0.070 22.25a  18.28 0.037 6.80   5.95 0.373
Wyoming 8.71   7.87 0.292 7.13   6.42 0.501 23.02a  18.48 0.022 6.22   6.17 0.955

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