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Appendix C:
Tables of Change between the 2005-2006 and the
2006-2007 Model-Based Estimates (50 States
and the District of Columbia), by Measure

90309
Table C.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 8.19   8.14 0.722 9.84   9.66 0.314 19.97   19.77 0.467 5.91   5.92 0.939
Northeast 8.79a  8.33 0.032 10.15   9.70 0.120 22.91a  21.78 0.028 6.31   5.92 0.147
Midwest 7.79   7.88 0.589 9.89   9.65 0.363 19.08   19.50 0.275 5.49   5.60 0.595
South 7.58   7.49 0.601 9.51   9.30 0.450 18.70   18.25 0.209 5.39   5.42 0.863
West 9.07   9.27 0.383 10.04   10.17 0.716 20.55   20.81 0.643 6.83   7.04 0.467
Alabama 7.36   6.99 0.366 10.78a  8.86 0.038 17.65   15.78 0.139 5.13   5.24 0.804
Alaska 11.10   10.74 0.622 11.11   10.59 0.597 22.34   22.69 0.835 8.92   8.53 0.662
Arizona 8.07a  9.08 0.030 10.84   10.16 0.486 17.55a  20.67 0.027 6.00b  6.93 0.098
Arkansas 8.35   8.57 0.663 12.11a  10.21 0.046 19.66   20.79 0.416 5.88   6.31 0.464
California 9.09   9.10 0.967 9.71   9.99 0.596 20.22   20.54 0.716 6.93   6.81 0.765
Colorado 9.99   10.96 0.132 10.26   11.61 0.196 26.47   25.51 0.569 7.09b  8.41 0.084
Connecticut 9.18a  7.92 0.010 10.26   9.76 0.594 26.38a  22.94 0.036 6.38b  5.35 0.062
Delaware 8.07   8.55 0.322 10.45   9.84 0.513 21.56   21.94 0.819 5.47   6.14 0.225
District of Columbia 11.05   12.13 0.126 10.92   11.01 0.930 22.98a  26.82 0.040 8.76   9.05 0.721
Florida 8.13   7.69 0.194 10.18   9.90 0.633 21.61   20.95 0.398 5.86   5.46 0.332
Georgia 7.80   7.50 0.476 8.71   8.34 0.649 18.04   17.07 0.444 5.83   5.73 0.827
Hawaii 8.03   7.45 0.356 10.59   9.84 0.458 19.57   18.25 0.402 5.94   5.50 0.559
Idaho 7.19   7.40 0.639 8.65   8.78 0.880 17.02   16.69 0.802 5.04   5.48 0.391
Illinois 7.36   7.33 0.902 10.02b  9.07 0.075 18.48   18.89 0.614 5.01   5.02 0.973
Indiana 8.08   8.42 0.441 9.70   10.54 0.368 20.14   20.11 0.985 5.68   6.09 0.447
Iowa 6.32a  5.20 0.001 9.95a  7.96 0.023 15.46a  12.35 0.003 4.18   3.53 0.104
Kansas 7.88   7.38 0.262 8.93   9.50 0.507 18.05   16.91 0.400 5.79   5.27 0.319
Kentucky 6.98a  8.05 0.019 10.08   10.21 0.898 17.22a  21.11 0.008 4.91   5.72 0.121
Louisiana 8.37   8.15 0.621 9.34   9.58 0.779 19.03   18.20 0.544 6.12   6.00 0.828
Maine 9.99   9.60 0.504 13.48   12.29 0.237 28.92   27.94 0.542 6.73   6.68 0.936
Maryland 6.22b  7.03 0.068 8.10   8.79 0.460 15.91a  19.09 0.017 4.38   4.80 0.414
Massachusetts 9.96   9.79 0.722 11.51   11.47 0.970 27.41   26.48 0.576 6.88   6.73 0.793
Michigan 8.76   9.12 0.242 10.38   10.54 0.772 21.06   22.29 0.146 6.39   6.67 0.458
Minnesota 8.15   8.32 0.721 10.28   9.66 0.520 19.03   21.33 0.107 5.89   5.83 0.915
Mississippi 7.49   7.12 0.449 8.59   7.77 0.290 17.18   16.66 0.679 5.46   5.23 0.695
Missouri 8.00   7.99 0.979 9.96   9.49 0.591 19.02   18.80 0.866 5.78   5.94 0.787
Montana 10.65   10.31 0.588 13.46   12.46 0.374 24.22   24.98 0.623 7.88   7.51 0.625
Nebraska 7.05   6.73 0.409 8.97   8.02 0.225 18.36   16.99 0.297 4.62   4.62 0.992
Nevada 9.39   9.00 0.484 10.45   10.09 0.711 21.21b  18.70 0.098 7.38   7.37 0.994
New Hampshire 8.85b  9.84 0.069 10.55   10.98 0.657 27.14   28.35 0.472 5.72b  6.84 0.089
New Jersey 7.44a  6.48 0.031 9.27   8.32 0.221 19.62   17.44 0.125 5.37   4.59 0.122
New Mexico 8.34a  9.57 0.026 11.66   12.26 0.586 20.31a  23.49 0.039 5.58   6.56 0.124
New York 9.38   9.08 0.410 10.39   9.77 0.254 22.91   22.42 0.580 6.94   6.64 0.493
North Carolina 7.69   7.15 0.196 10.39   9.24 0.204 19.08   18.24 0.540 5.47   5.11 0.443
North Dakota 5.66   6.20 0.239 6.76   7.41 0.458 13.55   14.29 0.511 3.85   4.21 0.502
Ohio 7.93   7.85 0.774 9.92   9.76 0.764 19.62   20.28 0.382 5.65   5.51 0.669
Oklahoma 8.43   8.48 0.927 10.17   9.99 0.860 17.18   17.30 0.933 6.53   6.63 0.886
Oregon 9.58   10.16 0.371 11.26   11.28 0.991 22.01   21.68 0.827 7.32   8.19 0.253
Pennsylvania 7.65a  6.98 0.028 8.98   8.84 0.767 19.51a  17.88 0.026 5.53   4.96 0.130
Rhode Island 11.21a  12.47 0.044 12.68   12.75 0.949 30.67   32.60 0.279 7.47b  8.69 0.094
South Carolina 7.25b  6.55 0.091 9.61   8.43 0.176 19.01b  16.81 0.091 4.90   4.61 0.534
South Dakota 6.89   6.73 0.700 10.07b  8.20 0.056 16.42   16.78 0.789 4.62   4.65 0.953
Tennessee 8.89   8.79 0.840 10.14   9.77 0.685 22.19   21.41 0.574 6.54   6.69 0.789
Texas 6.78   6.65 0.630 8.68   8.96 0.633 16.77a  14.75 0.008 4.53   4.74 0.513
Utah 6.83   6.43 0.384 8.15   7.15 0.274 12.93   12.74 0.865 4.95   4.67 0.604
Vermont 11.01   11.49 0.473 12.66   12.92 0.805 31.01   31.11 0.952 7.39   8.06 0.399
Virginia 7.26a  8.21 0.028 9.05   10.39 0.125 18.78a  21.85 0.030 5.14   5.67 0.263
Washington 10.03   10.20 0.772 10.21   10.33 0.889 24.31   23.45 0.569 7.59   8.02 0.527
West Virginia 7.95   7.37 0.191 10.16   9.38 0.395 23.16a  19.84 0.015 5.39   5.29 0.855
Wisconsin 7.17a  8.24 0.020 9.43   10.19 0.400 18.74   20.03 0.327 4.83a  5.92 0.036
Wyoming 8.67   8.67 0.995 10.36   10.75 0.677 20.71   20.49 0.876 6.20   6.26 0.918
90309
Table C.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 10.37   10.22 0.255 13.26a  12.83 0.037 28.03   27.73 0.328 6.90   6.83 0.728
Northeast 11.64a  11.13 0.027 14.58b  13.89 0.068 32.59   31.79 0.170 7.84b  7.34 0.085
Midwest 10.23   10.26 0.858 12.94   12.73 0.482 27.66   28.34 0.124 6.74   6.74 0.996
South 9.24   9.16 0.641 12.38   11.95 0.120 25.55b  24.73 0.056 5.99   6.14 0.470
West 11.27   11.11 0.541 13.90   13.46 0.317 28.72   28.57 0.818 7.70   7.60 0.753
Alabama 7.99   7.96 0.952 11.01   11.13 0.906 21.36   19.13 0.116 5.27   5.64 0.429
Alaska 14.42   13.79 0.429 15.66   15.08 0.613 33.28   32.98 0.874 10.56   9.98 0.561
Arizona 8.95   9.35 0.415 14.53b  12.56 0.069 23.88   25.88 0.189 5.52   6.05 0.354
Arkansas 10.01   10.09 0.871 14.32   12.74 0.111 25.96   26.63 0.664 6.65   6.99 0.576
California 11.34   11.24 0.790 13.14   13.03 0.874 28.36   28.16 0.830 7.91   7.77 0.762
Colorado 12.73   12.99 0.701 16.07   16.28 0.859 35.97   35.36 0.726 8.26   8.77 0.518
Connecticut 13.23a  11.36 0.004 16.44a  14.34 0.048 37.39   35.32 0.275 9.09a  7.25 0.014
Delaware 10.45   11.16 0.239 13.33   12.64 0.503 30.24   31.93 0.303 6.70   7.48 0.273
District of Columbia 15.03   15.72 0.391 13.38   13.28 0.925 36.89   37.79 0.646 10.97   11.18 0.822
Florida 9.69   9.44 0.500 13.67   12.63 0.113 29.50a  27.56 0.026 6.25   6.39 0.755
Georgia 9.79   9.88 0.846 11.57   11.57 0.997 26.18   24.85 0.367 6.60   7.05 0.435
Hawaii 10.19b  9.04 0.080 14.32   13.65 0.558 28.42   27.59 0.644 6.88b  5.63 0.090
Idaho 9.24   8.64 0.196 11.97   11.42 0.564 25.64   24.18 0.309 5.59   5.36 0.659
Illinois 9.38   9.53 0.621 12.57a  11.44 0.043 26.46   27.04 0.541 5.88   6.14 0.487
Indiana 9.32   9.87 0.264 11.96   12.41 0.660 26.60   27.59 0.483 5.85   6.42 0.298
Iowa 8.02   7.32 0.120 11.57   10.73 0.347 21.47   19.77 0.214 5.10   4.62 0.320
Kansas 10.86a  9.70 0.021 13.45   12.53 0.328 28.45   27.52 0.569 7.13a  5.92 0.026
Kentucky 8.74a  10.03 0.009 12.15   13.76 0.101 24.56b  27.39 0.063 5.72a  6.82 0.045
Louisiana 9.58   10.01 0.401 11.76   11.99 0.794 24.12   24.14 0.991 6.38   6.99 0.314
Maine 13.31   12.62 0.333 17.61   16.56 0.415 39.99   39.49 0.773 8.80   8.34 0.584
Maryland 9.18   9.71 0.297 12.26   12.37 0.913 28.06   30.41 0.159 5.66   5.92 0.637
Massachusetts 12.91   13.49 0.352 16.27   16.16 0.931 38.14   38.57 0.807 8.31   8.88 0.427
Michigan 11.92   11.91 0.978 13.74   13.70 0.943 32.59   32.56 0.969 8.07   8.12 0.911
Minnesota 11.25   11.28 0.965 13.45   12.71 0.475 27.95b  31.18 0.060 7.92   7.54 0.601
Mississippi 8.45   7.79 0.144 10.65   9.36 0.134 21.30   20.20 0.427 5.66   5.23 0.388
Missouri 10.05   9.95 0.849 13.00   12.39 0.531 24.90   24.74 0.911 7.01   7.10 0.881
Montana 14.10a  12.46 0.022 17.06   16.53 0.656 36.72   35.99 0.693 9.70a  7.89 0.032
Nebraska 9.39   8.71 0.166 11.02   10.48 0.554 25.32   25.09 0.879 6.10   5.37 0.174
Nevada 10.77   10.18 0.347 14.36   13.65 0.495 27.58   24.93 0.137 7.62   7.48 0.843
New Hampshire 12.33b  13.82 0.058 14.02   15.93 0.105 38.09   41.14 0.116 8.03   9.34 0.155
New Jersey 9.60   9.10 0.325 13.15   12.22 0.324 28.83   26.85 0.251 6.24   6.02 0.705
New Mexico 10.30   11.20 0.110 15.89   16.12 0.847 27.89a  31.28 0.047 6.12   6.70 0.367
New York 12.15   11.64 0.169 14.60   13.91 0.284 31.95   31.62 0.727 8.45   7.83 0.165
North Carolina 9.90   9.22 0.201 12.81   11.85 0.315 27.48   25.40 0.190 6.65   6.29 0.541
North Dakota 7.48a  8.59 0.020 10.55   11.60 0.260 20.67b  23.32 0.085 4.28   4.86 0.242
Ohio 10.63   10.69 0.885 13.61   14.27 0.305 28.26   29.47 0.172 7.21   7.05 0.696
Oklahoma 8.71   8.51 0.698 12.90   11.63 0.225 21.38   20.60 0.614 5.75   5.84 0.872
Oregon 13.25   13.12 0.852 17.98   16.14 0.158 32.92   33.87 0.597 9.41   9.46 0.948
Pennsylvania 10.45a  9.32 0.002 13.55   12.67 0.137 29.22a  27.09 0.015 6.97a  5.99 0.022
Rhode Island 14.90b  16.12 0.090 17.46   18.55 0.441 40.89b  44.29 0.075 9.83   10.58 0.364
South Carolina 8.82   8.66 0.715 11.94   11.15 0.367 24.66   23.97 0.654 5.67   5.79 0.808
South Dakota 8.66   8.56 0.809 12.61   11.62 0.272 23.35   24.81 0.316 5.28   5.10 0.690
Tennessee 10.55   9.96 0.276 12.83   12.51 0.744 28.28   26.67 0.308 7.34   7.02 0.609
Texas 8.40b  7.92 0.098 11.56   11.21 0.543 22.29a  20.57 0.036 5.18   4.97 0.531
Utah 8.28a  7.17 0.013 10.04   8.80 0.149 18.88   17.29 0.268 5.11b  4.24 0.074
Vermont 15.48   15.75 0.728 17.63   18.59 0.449 41.86   44.48 0.157 10.71   10.64 0.940
Virginia 9.05a  10.13 0.022 13.45   13.31 0.891 26.99   29.65 0.115 5.53b  6.49 0.057
Washington 12.30   11.81 0.403 14.63   14.22 0.688 32.60   31.59 0.526 8.56   8.26 0.678
West Virginia 9.12   8.82 0.511 13.71   12.88 0.411 28.56b  26.04 0.092 5.65   5.81 0.753
Wisconsin 10.16   10.61 0.383 12.90   13.63 0.481 29.61   31.12 0.339 6.35   6.64 0.624
Wyoming 11.28   11.31 0.955 15.45   15.57 0.914 29.75   31.00 0.409 7.27   7.18 0.893
90309
Table C.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 6.02   5.92 0.365 6.74   6.67 0.673 16.42   16.34 0.776 4.10   4.02 0.561
Northeast 6.77a  6.38 0.017 7.56   7.23 0.266 20.03b  19.11 0.077 4.50b  4.16 0.092
Midwest 5.81   5.95 0.271 6.77   6.84 0.762 15.69   16.31 0.112 3.92   4.01 0.562
South 5.29   5.24 0.698 6.19   6.10 0.690 14.72   14.49 0.502 3.53   3.55 0.902
West 6.75   6.61 0.472 6.92   6.94 0.944 16.99   17.07 0.866 4.85   4.66 0.416
Alabama 4.76   4.52 0.471 6.32   5.41 0.210 12.16   11.25 0.438 3.28   3.25 0.950
Alaska 8.83   8.09 0.224 8.26   7.95 0.725 19.42   19.15 0.861 6.89   6.04 0.263
Arizona 5.18   5.32 0.665 7.24   6.02 0.109 14.08   15.14 0.393 3.31   3.53 0.559
Arkansas 5.70   5.84 0.701 7.71   6.69 0.146 14.38   15.30 0.448 3.93   4.15 0.571
California 6.70   6.55 0.601 6.51   6.83 0.500 16.95   16.97 0.977 4.82   4.54 0.392
Colorado 7.68   8.24 0.286 7.44   8.15 0.434 21.43   22.21 0.621 5.32   5.88 0.369
Connecticut 7.61a  6.24 0.002 8.40   7.51 0.290 23.27a  20.14 0.044 5.09a  3.91 0.012
Delaware 5.93   6.25 0.416 7.31   6.83 0.536 18.02   18.82 0.625 3.69   4.06 0.364
District of Columbia 8.44a  9.77 0.029 6.81   6.87 0.941 19.48a  23.70 0.019 6.47   7.05 0.402
Florida 5.68   5.50 0.435 6.92   6.90 0.960 17.88   17.40 0.531 3.70   3.57 0.634
Georgia 5.87   5.70 0.637 5.85   5.72 0.831 15.01   14.24 0.538 4.24   4.22 0.957
Hawaii 5.54   5.34 0.655 7.04   6.93 0.895 15.47   15.56 0.950 3.82   3.58 0.618
Idaho 5.31   5.35 0.918 5.91   6.11 0.752 14.07   13.99 0.945 3.50   3.64 0.694
Illinois 5.36   5.44 0.697 6.73   6.14 0.194 15.36   15.51 0.840 3.38   3.55 0.534
Indiana 5.53   6.02 0.131 6.17b  7.36 0.089 15.60   16.19 0.628 3.63   4.06 0.236
Iowa 4.66a  3.84 0.003 6.55   5.57 0.141 12.85a  10.46 0.026 2.92b  2.41 0.076
Kansas 5.81   5.61 0.545 6.57   6.97 0.554 14.77   14.67 0.937 3.99   3.71 0.443
Kentucky 4.93a  5.79 0.010 6.59   7.06 0.519 13.96a  17.08 0.016 3.24b  3.85 0.089
Louisiana 5.55   5.36 0.577 5.65   5.76 0.861 14.87   13.89 0.421 3.70   3.66 0.921
Maine 8.97   8.29 0.266 10.99   9.83 0.298 27.66   26.27 0.401 5.93   5.55 0.592
Maryland 4.79   5.06 0.445 5.63   5.78 0.832 13.36a  15.86 0.050 3.26   3.18 0.841
Massachusetts 7.96   7.88 0.849 8.96   8.68 0.753 24.15   23.28 0.597 5.15   5.15 0.999
Michigan 6.43a  7.02 0.031 7.32   7.56 0.589 16.99a  18.59 0.048 4.47   4.97 0.120
Minnesota 7.17   7.27 0.837 7.53   7.09 0.574 17.03a  20.10 0.034 5.33   5.00 0.538
Mississippi 5.11   4.60 0.119 5.36   4.72 0.260 12.77   11.87 0.444 3.60   3.22 0.301
Missouri 5.42   5.52 0.764 6.45   6.41 0.963 14.35   14.18 0.884 3.70   3.92 0.564
Montana 9.21   8.66 0.337 10.56   9.51 0.259 21.96   22.07 0.944 6.78   6.25 0.459
Nebraska 5.21   5.05 0.612 5.52   5.52 0.997 14.94   13.90 0.406 3.30   3.31 0.974
Nevada 6.78b  6.05 0.093 7.57   6.97 0.447 16.26   14.07 0.132 5.17   4.71 0.339
New Hampshire 7.63   8.21 0.274 8.21   8.66 0.645 25.01   26.08 0.541 4.80   5.40 0.335
New Jersey 5.26b  4.66 0.079 6.35   5.75 0.361 15.88   14.80 0.424 3.51   2.99 0.154
New Mexico 6.08a  6.99 0.028 7.79   8.73 0.288 16.93   19.18 0.133 3.76   4.44 0.145
New York 7.09   6.91 0.521 7.81   7.37 0.387 20.23   20.00 0.789 4.75   4.55 0.534
North Carolina 5.59   5.28 0.369 7.02   6.22 0.271 15.68   15.03 0.601 3.76   3.59 0.682
North Dakota 4.37b  4.99 0.099 4.51   5.05 0.370 11.25   12.23 0.367 2.89   3.35 0.274
Ohio 6.14   6.06 0.731 6.97   7.33 0.441 16.59   17.39 0.255 4.23   3.99 0.376
Oklahoma 5.27   5.19 0.820 6.36   6.15 0.768 13.00   12.58 0.722 3.66   3.69 0.944
Oregon 7.86   7.61 0.640 8.36   7.83 0.555 18.45   18.62 0.911 6.05   5.83 0.731
Pennsylvania 5.80a  5.08 0.001 6.37   6.42 0.901 16.92a  14.90 0.006 3.90a  3.30 0.022
Rhode Island 9.21a  10.31 0.048 9.74   9.74 0.998 27.53   30.12 0.162 5.79   6.70 0.164
South Carolina 5.43b  4.83 0.063 6.06   5.23 0.189 15.78b  13.64 0.079 3.56   3.32 0.517
South Dakota 5.22   5.30 0.806 6.56   5.76 0.251 13.98   14.35 0.769 3.34   3.55 0.583
Tennessee 6.09   5.71 0.311 5.73   6.20 0.500 16.99   16.13 0.479 4.34   4.02 0.454
Texas 4.35   4.25 0.640 5.56   5.47 0.822 12.09   11.08 0.119 2.65   2.76 0.643
Utah 4.33   4.20 0.685 5.08   4.39 0.308 9.55   9.95 0.696 2.80   2.68 0.724
Vermont 9.74   10.03 0.625 10.08   10.98 0.411 28.28   29.36 0.525 6.53   6.70 0.805
Virginia 5.54a  6.58 0.004 6.39b  7.75 0.071 15.75a  18.45 0.047 3.74b  4.46 0.061
Washington 8.25   7.44 0.104 7.70   7.38 0.663 20.05   19.03 0.473 6.32   5.55 0.191
West Virginia 5.96a  5.26 0.037 6.82   6.41 0.576 18.66a  15.90 0.018 3.92   3.54 0.330
Wisconsin 5.58   5.88 0.386 6.58   7.07 0.509 15.77   16.48 0.577 3.65   3.88 0.529
Wyoming 6.84   6.86 0.952 7.63   8.11 0.547 17.55   18.11 0.676 4.73   4.67 0.889
90309
Table C.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 38.85   38.92 0.789 34.31   34.58 0.361 24.52   24.71 0.531 41.97   41.96 0.967
Northeast 36.74   36.98 0.611 31.34   32.04 0.191 20.71a  21.90 0.017 40.06   40.11 0.935
Midwest 37.40   37.61 0.557 35.13   35.45 0.456 22.70   22.39 0.443 40.34   40.58 0.595
South 42.84   42.70 0.707 36.29   36.40 0.814 27.59   27.56 0.941 46.36   46.11 0.599
West 35.69   35.77 0.858 32.78   32.89 0.857 24.44   24.75 0.606 38.16   38.19 0.967
Alabama 49.05   48.70 0.788 39.88   40.85 0.589 34.33b  31.58 0.091 52.81   52.67 0.931
Alaska 28.53   29.49 0.403 28.31   28.45 0.943 18.40   19.23 0.551 30.53   31.59 0.486
Arizona 38.72   39.07 0.783 31.03a  34.88 0.032 25.70a  29.13 0.035 42.12   41.37 0.651
Arkansas 45.70a  43.22 0.045 37.00   38.44 0.398 26.61   26.93 0.837 50.18a  46.56 0.025
California 37.28   37.52 0.751 33.60   33.19 0.666 26.40   26.19 0.822 39.85   40.30 0.652
Colorado 30.70a  28.42 0.049 29.74   27.84 0.230 18.47   16.89 0.202 32.95b  30.45 0.096
Connecticut 35.56   36.12 0.652 29.95   29.75 0.902 20.34   20.99 0.628 38.65   39.30 0.679
Delaware 38.48   37.99 0.693 36.41   35.59 0.628 22.09   20.78 0.334 41.55   41.19 0.825
District of Columbia 31.97   30.55 0.233 29.23   27.06 0.296 17.59   17.23 0.783 35.02   33.79 0.429
Florida 42.78   42.12 0.413 34.77   34.40 0.701 28.44   27.03 0.118 45.89   45.25 0.523
Georgia 43.21   42.09 0.340 36.84   34.49 0.130 31.29   29.11 0.153 46.24   45.41 0.585
Hawaii 37.80   39.64 0.204 32.69   32.87 0.919 28.78   27.04 0.325 39.83   42.40 0.162
Idaho 37.85a  40.47 0.027 36.43   37.75 0.405 27.56   27.39 0.911 40.09a  43.30 0.044
Illinois 38.90   38.85 0.939 36.20   36.06 0.879 25.46   24.16 0.126 41.68   41.86 0.856
Indiana 39.09   37.64 0.223 34.64   36.02 0.389 24.28   22.72 0.245 42.38   40.47 0.225
Iowa 39.61   38.92 0.561 34.76   37.18 0.117 24.16   25.23 0.486 43.07   41.64 0.348
Kansas 37.07a  39.63 0.030 35.02a  40.02 0.001 20.27a  23.98 0.016 40.57   42.55 0.208
Kentucky 44.78   43.02 0.133 37.07   38.86 0.284 29.07a  25.69 0.038 48.32   46.27 0.174
Louisiana 44.73   45.43 0.604 39.92   38.81 0.511 28.93   30.45 0.345 48.55   49.26 0.695
Maine 32.25   31.73 0.671 28.31   29.81 0.344 13.62   13.98 0.746 35.52   34.48 0.504
Maryland 39.15   39.64 0.676 32.96   33.52 0.742 24.62   24.07 0.687 42.39   43.04 0.666
Massachusetts 29.01   27.91 0.352 26.83   27.09 0.863 15.33   15.13 0.861 31.55   30.19 0.378
Michigan 35.23   35.13 0.900 35.31b  33.68 0.088 21.01b  19.67 0.087 37.68   37.99 0.752
Minnesota 31.88   32.56 0.532 31.89   34.00 0.160 17.78   17.36 0.734 34.44   35.08 0.656
Mississippi 51.97   51.36 0.638 44.46   45.51 0.570 36.72   33.96 0.104 55.99   55.49 0.769
Missouri 40.04   38.24 0.125 35.83   35.70 0.939 23.30   22.37 0.498 43.57   41.29 0.135
Montana 31.96   33.21 0.288 31.27   32.42 0.465 15.10   17.12 0.103 35.04   36.07 0.499
Nebraska 41.14a  43.74 0.033 37.74b  40.81 0.074 25.34   26.39 0.501 44.64b  47.41 0.081
Nevada 35.18   36.95 0.177 32.71   33.84 0.529 25.45   26.27 0.601 37.05   38.98 0.250
New Hampshire 27.07   26.24 0.471 27.16   25.25 0.253 14.14b  12.14 0.089 29.12   28.54 0.698
New Jersey 38.87   40.37 0.231 29.62a  34.10 0.008 21.64b  24.10 0.080 42.68   43.63 0.555
New Mexico 39.60   39.53 0.958 29.61   31.58 0.225 25.55   23.96 0.321 43.74   43.61 0.941
New York 38.48   38.15 0.676 32.64   31.56 0.235 22.74   23.73 0.265 41.92   41.53 0.705
North Carolina 40.76   41.75 0.445 32.08   33.60 0.351 25.02   25.01 0.999 44.47   45.47 0.548
North Dakota 39.64   39.49 0.901 36.59   36.77 0.917 24.58   25.50 0.524 43.24   43.01 0.890
Ohio 38.19   38.96 0.290 36.06   34.70 0.135 23.38   23.97 0.466 41.02   42.05 0.275
Oklahoma 40.86   42.91 0.138 34.80   36.95 0.231 27.58   27.02 0.725 44.19   46.68 0.170
Oregon 29.06   28.93 0.899 28.98   29.26 0.859 17.05   17.40 0.781 31.06   30.72 0.801
Pennsylvania 39.35   40.48 0.150 34.47b  36.23 0.067 21.97a  24.17 0.006 42.82   43.69 0.388
Rhode Island 30.99   30.89 0.938 29.10   26.55 0.123 16.66   15.63 0.403 33.85   34.28 0.790
South Carolina 41.31   41.69 0.746 34.67   34.63 0.977 25.53   26.33 0.574 44.93   45.16 0.882
South Dakota 40.12a  37.46 0.039 38.18   37.02 0.486 26.34a  22.72 0.019 43.04b  40.28 0.099
Tennessee 41.80   43.42 0.212 36.29   38.81 0.120 24.03b  26.52 0.090 45.42   46.65 0.462
Texas 43.62   43.90 0.696 37.53   37.50 0.977 27.75a  30.36 0.004 47.66   47.48 0.845
Utah 42.62   43.09 0.705 44.23   44.83 0.767 33.05   31.94 0.521 44.93   45.71 0.648
Vermont 28.76   28.09 0.593 25.77   25.92 0.917 13.37   13.15 0.844 31.76   30.84 0.567
Virginia 38.27   36.93 0.251 35.60   33.80 0.258 22.08   21.05 0.459 41.29   39.97 0.380
Washington 28.24   27.18 0.340 29.55   28.54 0.549 15.95a  18.57 0.045 30.16   28.41 0.225
West Virginia 44.75   43.55 0.330 37.80   39.33 0.364 25.48   25.81 0.822 48.46   46.65 0.249
Wisconsin 34.01a  36.69 0.023 31.98   34.08 0.194 19.16   20.11 0.421 36.92a  39.92 0.050
Wyoming 36.24   35.96 0.816 34.37   35.66 0.516 19.67   18.93 0.572 39.59   39.08 0.748
90309
Table C.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 1.62   1.61 0.860 5.58   5.56 0.818 6.02b  6.28 0.074 0.17b  0.11 0.063
Northeast 1.68   1.68 0.989 5.98   5.94 0.842 6.84   7.09 0.346 0.17a  0.10 0.035
Midwest 1.70   1.73 0.506 5.52   5.68 0.273 6.48a  6.90 0.042 0.18a  0.11 0.048
South 1.49   1.47 0.534 5.31   5.31 0.996 5.61   5.66 0.800 0.16   0.11 0.103
West 1.70   1.69 0.776 5.77   5.56 0.258 5.66b  6.11 0.099 0.18b  0.12 0.092
Alabama 1.31   1.33 0.734 4.86   5.01 0.725 4.97   4.84 0.778 0.14   0.10 0.305
Alaska 2.27   2.30 0.850 5.68   5.88 0.755 6.98   7.63 0.459 0.26a  0.15 0.021
Arizona 1.72   1.59 0.211 6.59a  5.45 0.042 5.34   5.88 0.402 0.18   0.11 0.141
Arkansas 1.55   1.57 0.861 6.48   5.75 0.135 5.61   6.57 0.148 0.15   0.11 0.224
California 1.60   1.61 0.877 5.43   5.26 0.518 5.28   5.82 0.167 0.16   0.11 0.191
Colorado 1.95a  2.33 0.003 7.00   7.84 0.113 6.51a  8.70 0.009 0.22   0.16 0.243
Connecticut 1.98   1.92 0.568 6.88   6.67 0.678 8.35   8.53 0.836 0.18a  0.10 0.040
Delaware 1.86a  1.61 0.025 6.34a  5.06 0.019 7.96   7.65 0.708 0.18a  0.11 0.046
District of Columbia 2.15   2.23 0.550 6.05   6.04 0.976 9.02   8.94 0.930 0.27b  0.18 0.061
Florida 1.41   1.34 0.206 5.76   5.49 0.372 5.88   5.91 0.925 0.13   0.09 0.232
Georgia 1.53   1.55 0.839 4.47   4.88 0.378 6.23   6.15 0.904 0.17   0.12 0.108
Hawaii 1.73   1.78 0.714 5.71   6.36 0.285 7.05   7.78 0.465 0.23a  0.09 0.031
Idaho 1.65   1.53 0.242 4.95   4.91 0.928 5.15   4.91 0.655 0.20   0.12 0.113
Illinois 1.64   1.62 0.828 5.48   5.39 0.766 6.20   6.34 0.739 0.17b  0.11 0.071
Indiana 1.63b  1.80 0.086 5.69   5.95 0.579 5.72a  7.63 0.004 0.17b  0.11 0.071
Iowa 1.52   1.53 0.925 5.38   5.37 0.980 5.72   5.64 0.896 0.16   0.10 0.165
Kansas 1.67   1.54 0.188 5.03   4.84 0.627 6.35   6.16 0.787 0.19a  0.11 0.048
Kentucky 1.47a  1.73 0.007 5.38a  6.67 0.009 6.41   7.38 0.156 0.15   0.11 0.298
Louisiana 1.65   1.68 0.789 5.63   5.56 0.875 5.39   6.03 0.285 0.16   0.11 0.168
Maine 2.08   1.98 0.399 7.63   6.97 0.271 10.12   10.42 0.756 0.16   0.10 0.128
Maryland 1.68   1.72 0.665 5.32   5.60 0.549 6.74   7.26 0.463 0.18b  0.12 0.090
Massachusetts 1.96   2.12 0.191 6.21b  7.15 0.098 8.03   8.97 0.277 0.22a  0.12 0.022
Michigan 1.95   1.90 0.463 5.82   5.78 0.866 7.69   7.83 0.749 0.20a  0.12 0.029
Minnesota 1.78   1.86 0.466 5.65   5.52 0.799 6.17a  7.59 0.050 0.20a  0.12 0.036
Mississippi 1.33   1.29 0.653 4.62   4.23 0.336 4.42   4.71 0.555 0.15   0.11 0.254
Missouri 1.56   1.60 0.625 4.93   5.16 0.641 6.22   6.58 0.556 0.17   0.11 0.133
Montana 1.98   1.98 0.962 6.24   6.48 0.665 8.27   8.55 0.739 0.19a  0.11 0.042
Nebraska 1.57   1.42 0.108 4.54   4.65 0.812 6.45   5.57 0.146 0.16   0.10 0.181
Nevada 1.70   1.53 0.112 6.41b  5.52 0.090 4.73   5.17 0.465 0.21   0.13 0.103
New Hampshire 2.05b  2.28 0.097 5.56   6.33 0.152 10.37   10.94 0.586 0.20b  0.13 0.095
New Jersey 1.50   1.37 0.107 5.82   5.33 0.234 5.97   5.75 0.729 0.16b  0.09 0.077
New Mexico 1.83   1.97 0.336 6.99   7.44 0.503 6.84   8.04 0.218 0.14   0.10 0.412
New York 1.61   1.64 0.638 5.70   5.73 0.918 6.35   6.63 0.517 0.17b  0.11 0.064
North Carolina 1.44   1.40 0.691 5.12   5.31 0.666 5.57   5.42 0.777 0.18b  0.11 0.071
North Dakota 1.37a  1.65 0.005 4.48   5.17 0.112 5.31   6.19 0.144 0.14   0.09 0.262
Ohio 1.70a  1.85 0.026 5.76a  6.45 0.016 6.33b  7.03 0.086 0.17   0.12 0.141
Oklahoma 1.53   1.49 0.642 5.31   4.99 0.566 5.35   5.62 0.636 0.18   0.11 0.110
Oregon 2.06   1.98 0.566 7.23   6.66 0.342 7.11   8.10 0.231 0.25a  0.13 0.016
Pennsylvania 1.60   1.56 0.493 5.85   5.54 0.263 6.49   6.57 0.836 0.15b  0.09 0.056
Rhode Island 2.02a  2.42 0.005 7.04   7.61 0.366 8.16a  10.89 0.010 0.20b  0.12 0.086
South Carolina 1.57b  1.43 0.086 5.45   4.97 0.231 6.32   6.05 0.658 0.15   0.10 0.137
South Dakota 1.52   1.54 0.766 5.07   4.69 0.408 5.46   6.25 0.172 0.15   0.10 0.235
Tennessee 1.59   1.49 0.256 5.64   5.56 0.864 6.45   5.78 0.239 0.18b  0.11 0.067
Texas 1.49   1.42 0.267 5.13   5.14 0.955 4.88   4.47 0.256 0.15   0.11 0.206
Utah 1.52a  1.21 0.019 4.06   3.43 0.180 4.16b  3.31 0.091 0.20   0.14 0.503
Vermont 2.44   2.53 0.535 7.80   8.13 0.577 10.57   11.50 0.375 0.19b  0.11 0.095
Virginia 1.53   1.62 0.305 5.64   5.54 0.812 5.39a  6.73 0.036 0.17   0.11 0.114
Washington 1.89   1.75 0.188 5.70   5.56 0.765 7.56   6.85 0.300 0.21b  0.12 0.058
West Virginia 1.24   1.30 0.402 5.23   5.23 0.998 5.99   6.48 0.455 0.13   0.09 0.268
Wisconsin 1.86   1.77 0.390 5.65   6.11 0.327 7.91   7.41 0.495 0.19a  0.11 0.027
Wyoming 2.12   2.15 0.806 6.71   6.64 0.896 8.17   9.05 0.260 0.18   0.13 0.169
90309
Table C.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 3.80   3.82 0.760 4.93   4.80 0.342 8.82a  8.47 0.037 2.76   2.89 0.248
Northeast 3.70b  3.46 0.076 4.59a  4.11 0.033 8.84a  7.95 0.005 2.74   2.64 0.507
Midwest 3.58   3.60 0.829 5.01   4.71 0.133 8.36   8.38 0.934 2.52   2.61 0.515
South 3.89   3.92 0.760 5.09   5.07 0.949 9.06a  8.52 0.027 2.83   2.99 0.254
West 3.95   4.18 0.126 4.89   5.00 0.679 8.90   8.88 0.965 2.91   3.21 0.109
Alabama 4.02   3.89 0.680 6.01   5.38 0.406 9.79   8.59 0.151 2.76   2.89 0.731
Alaska 4.24   3.86 0.299 5.11   4.57 0.450 8.77   8.69 0.929 3.21   2.84 0.423
Arizona 4.45a  5.52 0.007 5.37   6.10 0.316 9.53   11.21 0.108 3.42a  4.46 0.036
Arkansas 4.51   4.88 0.344 6.88   6.15 0.328 10.81   10.96 0.896 3.09   3.70 0.205
California 3.91   4.00 0.669 4.70   4.70 0.990 8.41   8.35 0.913 2.95   3.07 0.656
Colorado 4.21   4.56 0.409 5.15   5.64 0.493 10.23   9.74 0.660 3.03   3.54 0.307
Connecticut 3.88a  3.23 0.021 4.62   4.02 0.335 10.35a  7.95 0.008 2.78   2.40 0.253
Delaware 3.60   3.79 0.550 4.96   4.48 0.452 8.57   8.16 0.639 2.57   2.96 0.310
District of Columbia 4.49   4.81 0.464 4.70   4.57 0.834 7.70   7.63 0.942 3.85   4.22 0.490
Florida 4.11   3.87 0.305 5.34   5.27 0.873 9.74   9.22 0.336 3.11   2.91 0.464
Georgia 3.30   3.31 0.970 4.62   4.21 0.494 6.79   7.23 0.514 2.49   2.51 0.957
Hawaii 3.29   2.78 0.181 4.79   4.10 0.313 7.69   6.39 0.137 2.42   2.07 0.432
Idaho 3.49   3.37 0.646 4.92   4.60 0.640 7.72   7.20 0.525 2.44   2.47 0.930
Illinois 3.33   3.31 0.897 4.85   4.32 0.161 7.20   7.43 0.634 2.43   2.43 0.992
Indiana 4.18   4.05 0.677 5.24   5.20 0.964 10.81b  9.27 0.095 2.84   2.97 0.737
Iowa 3.08a  2.57 0.027 5.31a  3.80 0.035 6.88   6.12 0.260 2.09   1.77 0.195
Kansas 4.03   3.73 0.384 4.53   5.33 0.220 8.39   8.29 0.918 3.13   2.65 0.263
Kentucky 3.48   3.92 0.101 5.70   5.15 0.420 8.29a  10.13 0.041 2.41   2.79 0.251
Louisiana 4.59   4.71 0.761 5.21   5.60 0.571 10.07   8.98 0.272 3.41   3.76 0.481
Maine 3.05   3.29 0.306 5.32   4.73 0.413 8.35   9.08 0.415 1.98   2.30 0.243
Maryland 3.07   3.47 0.147 4.28   4.31 0.960 6.75   7.43 0.347 2.30   2.70 0.239
Massachusetts 4.62b  4.09 0.100 4.87   4.55 0.616 12.18a  9.98 0.022 3.34   3.03 0.422
Michigan 4.18b  3.85 0.090 5.14   4.86 0.495 9.94   9.12 0.140 3.04   2.81 0.319
Minnesota 3.15   3.23 0.743 5.21   4.58 0.371 7.55   7.69 0.855 2.08   2.26 0.512
Mississippi 3.75   3.73 0.941 4.64   4.45 0.748 8.30   8.38 0.931 2.75   2.75 0.989
Missouri 3.76   4.15 0.207 5.23   5.21 0.966 9.02   9.74 0.431 2.63   3.06 0.258
Montana 3.51   3.85 0.239 5.91   5.49 0.552 8.09   9.28 0.183 2.40   2.71 0.360
Nebraska 3.30   3.22 0.718 5.15   4.05 0.106 7.64   7.56 0.918 2.22   2.29 0.792
Nevada 4.25   4.14 0.760 5.06   5.08 0.976 11.05b  9.23 0.065 3.06   3.24 0.688
New Hampshire 3.07b  3.51 0.082 4.60   4.40 0.752 8.47   9.76 0.197 2.02   2.43 0.158
New Jersey 3.42   3.00 0.106 4.45   3.82 0.268 8.04   6.91 0.129 2.59   2.30 0.361
New Mexico 3.83   3.92 0.781 5.50   5.37 0.862 9.45   9.03 0.633 2.52   2.75 0.544
New York 3.85   3.61 0.293 4.54   3.90 0.102 7.99   7.27 0.186 3.05   2.92 0.636
North Carolina 4.00   3.59 0.168 5.25   4.63 0.362 9.61   8.35 0.122 2.92   2.70 0.537
North Dakota 2.52   2.57 0.832 4.06   3.77 0.665 5.62   5.93 0.649 1.66   1.65 0.975
Ohio 3.45   3.45 0.977 4.86   4.62 0.514 8.24   8.49 0.606 2.43   2.45 0.941
Oklahoma 4.04   4.59 0.157 5.34   5.72 0.613 8.52   9.50 0.358 3.02   3.52 0.264
Oregon 3.78   4.23 0.215 5.15   5.67 0.480 10.04   9.54 0.635 2.58   3.22 0.141
Pennsylvania 3.19   3.11 0.640 4.46   4.18 0.435 8.12   7.67 0.344 2.22   2.23 0.978
Rhode Island 4.50a  5.51 0.022 5.44   5.78 0.626 12.43   12.70 0.831 2.94a  4.14 0.020
South Carolina 3.46   3.19 0.278 5.06   4.49 0.369 8.62   7.81 0.357 2.36   2.26 0.720
South Dakota 2.80   2.55 0.273 5.33b  3.82 0.055 5.74   6.24 0.480 1.89   1.68 0.411
Tennessee 4.71   5.19 0.258 5.85   5.74 0.877 11.78   10.94 0.431 3.40   4.22 0.130
Texas 3.93   3.96 0.859 4.68   5.37 0.101 8.90a  7.32 0.004 2.83   3.10 0.296
Utah 3.85   3.43 0.152 5.25   4.24 0.168 7.03   7.06 0.962 2.74   2.34 0.252
Vermont 3.95   4.14 0.554 5.02   4.82 0.757 12.27   11.90 0.724 2.40   2.78 0.323
Virginia 3.40   3.63 0.373 4.66   4.76 0.860 8.74   9.22 0.594 2.36   2.56 0.516
Washington 3.92b  4.56 0.068 4.64   5.35 0.272 10.22   10.46 0.814 2.76b  3.49 0.089
West Virginia 4.21   4.16 0.876 5.65   5.04 0.366 12.17   10.87 0.159 2.84   3.07 0.571
Wisconsin 3.18a  4.22 0.002 4.90   5.13 0.733 7.61a  9.54 0.028 2.17a  3.18 0.010
Wyoming 3.63   3.87 0.367 5.05   4.88 0.785 9.16   9.49 0.704 2.41   2.72 0.334
90309
Table C.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.37   2.39 0.773 1.64   1.57 0.346 6.91b  6.63 0.084 1.67   1.77 0.330
Northeast 2.62   2.46 0.176 1.55   1.38 0.155 7.57a  6.92 0.025 1.94   1.86 0.551
Midwest 2.25   2.24 0.971 1.61   1.46 0.111 6.56   6.40 0.493 1.57   1.62 0.626
South 2.35   2.35 0.975 1.63   1.56 0.485 6.70   6.33 0.102 1.70   1.78 0.486
West 2.31a  2.53 0.041 1.76   1.81 0.716 7.06   7.08 0.946 1.52a  1.81 0.031
Alabama 2.22   2.01 0.374 1.46   1.34 0.608 6.14b  5.01 0.082 1.63   1.59 0.871
Alaska 2.55   2.76 0.490 1.73   1.43 0.313 6.82   7.84 0.273 1.86   2.02 0.671
Arizona 2.72   3.18 0.139 2.30   2.50 0.638 8.16   8.76 0.520 1.81   2.31 0.192
Arkansas 2.15   2.22 0.758 1.65   1.49 0.481 6.81   6.79 0.979 1.41   1.56 0.589
California 2.22   2.43 0.138 1.62   1.70 0.698 6.68   6.62 0.909 1.48   1.74 0.130
Colorado 2.77   3.15 0.281 1.94   2.10 0.649 8.42   8.89 0.657 1.90   2.32 0.318
Connecticut 2.72   2.41 0.256 1.97   1.75 0.431 8.95   7.59 0.113 1.85   1.69 0.604
Delaware 2.40   2.50 0.715 1.47   1.33 0.483 6.82   6.33 0.518 1.76   2.01 0.480
District of Columbia 4.90   5.10 0.745 0.59   0.79 0.142 6.25   5.85 0.624 5.06   5.38 0.692
Florida 2.61b  2.30 0.100 1.68   1.65 0.910 7.93b  6.95 0.053 1.92   1.69 0.296
Georgia 2.05b  2.57 0.061 1.50   1.49 0.964 4.89   5.78 0.188 1.62   2.17 0.123
Hawaii 1.81   1.95 0.575 1.38   1.25 0.627 5.20   5.59 0.626 1.35   1.48 0.655
Idaho 2.00   1.73 0.121 1.64   1.39 0.279 6.83   5.96 0.236 1.10   1.00 0.620
Illinois 2.33   2.38 0.787 1.58   1.49 0.573 6.31   6.29 0.968 1.73   1.80 0.719
Indiana 2.24   2.19 0.832 1.54   1.41 0.548 7.15   6.37 0.292 1.46   1.57 0.700
Iowa 1.82   1.78 0.860 1.91b  1.43 0.068 5.69   5.69 0.999 1.09   1.12 0.897
Kansas 2.93a  2.24 0.014 1.69   1.75 0.839 7.33   6.71 0.487 2.26a  1.45 0.019
Kentucky 2.14   2.12 0.946 1.58   1.52 0.796 6.66   6.99 0.673 1.47   1.43 0.900
Louisiana 2.12b  2.57 0.095 1.13   1.09 0.804 5.23   6.12 0.161 1.65   2.09 0.215
Maine 2.18   2.25 0.754 1.70   1.53 0.490 7.80   8.11 0.736 1.39   1.50 0.686
Maryland 2.10   2.35 0.344 1.40   1.35 0.821 5.57   5.75 0.791 1.63   1.92 0.373
Massachusetts 3.40   2.99 0.221 1.67   1.54 0.618 9.90   8.32 0.103 2.53   2.25 0.509
Michigan 2.19   2.03 0.295 1.51a  1.15 0.024 6.68   6.18 0.266 1.50   1.44 0.728
Minnesota 2.30   2.28 0.921 1.87   1.72 0.572 6.84   6.00 0.292 1.53   1.69 0.597
Mississippi 1.95   1.63 0.145 1.23a  0.81 0.026 4.23   3.69 0.332 1.62   1.37 0.352
Missouri 2.21   2.19 0.912 1.72   1.57 0.524 6.83   6.03 0.305 1.46   1.61 0.584
Montana 2.53   2.32 0.370 1.56   1.44 0.611 8.70   8.17 0.561 1.55   1.43 0.641
Nebraska 2.37a  1.90 0.019 1.53   1.21 0.192 7.59a  5.81 0.014 1.48   1.25 0.342
Nevada 2.07   2.38 0.205 1.96   2.05 0.767 6.75   6.66 0.911 1.35   1.77 0.146
New Hampshire 2.45   2.58 0.576 1.81   1.74 0.785 9.85   9.15 0.439 1.36   1.68 0.278
New Jersey 2.11   1.88 0.287 1.62   1.29 0.155 6.26   5.56 0.299 1.55   1.40 0.568
New Mexico 2.30b  2.78 0.068 1.97   2.19 0.521 7.14   7.71 0.506 1.43   1.94 0.101
New York 2.81   2.77 0.812 1.45   1.31 0.440 7.34   7.09 0.632 2.22   2.19 0.920
North Carolina 2.33   2.41 0.741 1.44   1.25 0.331 7.06   6.83 0.774 1.68   1.86 0.566
North Dakota 1.59   1.73 0.464 1.59   1.29 0.243 4.39   4.75 0.547 0.99   1.10 0.642
Ohio 2.41   2.52 0.532 1.49   1.46 0.875 6.60   7.31 0.116 1.81   1.85 0.842
Oklahoma 1.93   1.86 0.718 1.56   1.45 0.678 5.47   5.25 0.738 1.31   1.29 0.921
Oregon 1.91b  2.36 0.096 2.01   1.98 0.915 5.93   6.68 0.334 1.23   1.72 0.144
Pennsylvania 2.22   1.98 0.129 1.37   1.25 0.485 6.65b  5.77 0.051 1.60   1.45 0.439
Rhode Island 3.50   4.11 0.172 1.83   2.09 0.401 9.49   10.11 0.580 2.62   3.24 0.242
South Carolina 2.22   2.07 0.507 1.22   1.17 0.781 5.88   5.72 0.821 1.72   1.59 0.633
South Dakota 1.80   1.73 0.723 1.67a  1.19 0.038 5.59   5.49 0.872 1.08   1.10 0.915
Tennessee 2.74   2.75 0.970 1.46   1.51 0.794 7.80   8.24 0.602 2.07   2.04 0.947
Texas 2.43   2.31 0.449 2.12   2.04 0.714 7.00a  5.79 0.012 1.58   1.67 0.657
Utah 2.40   2.26 0.555 1.91b  1.36 0.078 5.69   6.13 0.549 1.60   1.41 0.522
Vermont 2.87   2.97 0.719 1.92   1.61 0.262 9.55   10.40 0.403 1.85   1.90 0.866
Virginia 2.37   2.63 0.266 1.46   1.52 0.792 7.67   7.99 0.687 1.62   1.88 0.360
Washington 2.47   2.55 0.764 1.77   1.86 0.705 8.84   7.76 0.229 1.48   1.78 0.321
West Virginia 2.60   2.35 0.341 2.06   1.61 0.113 9.82b  8.13 0.067 1.55   1.57 0.948
Wisconsin 1.84a  2.36 0.029 1.71   1.72 0.943 5.80   6.87 0.153 1.15b  1.66 0.090
Wyoming 2.28   2.46 0.451 1.81   1.61 0.467 7.42   8.15 0.354 1.37   1.54 0.558
90309
Table C.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 5.00   5.09 0.363 7.01   6.91 0.526 12.42   12.28 0.493 3.43   3.59 0.159
Northeast 4.46   4.27 0.169 6.08b  5.58 0.064 11.64   11.21 0.210 3.07   2.95 0.452
Midwest 4.98   5.08 0.385 6.99   6.95 0.836 12.70   12.75 0.861 3.33   3.48 0.281
South 5.08   5.18 0.404 7.37   7.31 0.780 12.71   12.22 0.101 3.45b  3.70 0.099
West 5.34   5.60 0.145 7.19   7.26 0.842 12.30   12.74 0.313 3.80   4.06 0.233
Alabama 5.30b  5.96 0.074 8.90   8.93 0.964 14.09   13.80 0.799 3.30a  4.23 0.036
Alaska 5.47   5.08 0.320 7.99   7.22 0.366 11.26   10.78 0.622 3.92   3.66 0.619
Arizona 5.65a  6.50 0.043 8.18   8.79 0.507 12.63   14.18 0.164 4.05   4.86 0.130
Arkansas 6.35a  7.29 0.043 9.80   9.23 0.514 17.33   17.93 0.640 3.98a  5.26 0.028
California 5.04   5.35 0.214 6.51   6.58 0.872 11.17   12.02 0.189 3.68   3.90 0.479
Colorado 5.47   5.51 0.916 7.91   7.52 0.624 13.00   12.92 0.943 3.84   4.00 0.744
Connecticut 5.24a  4.21 0.003 6.46b  5.19 0.068 15.23a  12.23 0.008 3.54b  2.84 0.088
Delaware 5.12   4.77 0.338 7.98b  6.51 0.051 13.06   12.00 0.336 3.41   3.33 0.872
District of Columbia 4.14   4.00 0.689 5.01   4.29 0.238 9.07   8.90 0.837 3.10   2.91 0.662
Florida 5.18a  4.67 0.029 7.08   7.19 0.825 13.03   12.14 0.166 3.78b  3.27 0.083
Georgia 4.75   5.23 0.143 6.64   6.79 0.835 11.19   11.64 0.638 3.33   3.90 0.168
Hawaii 3.85   3.57 0.499 5.76   5.10 0.360 9.92   8.71 0.199 2.68   2.59 0.863
Idaho 5.85   6.04 0.596 7.88   8.03 0.832 14.65   13.78 0.428 3.81   4.31 0.261
Illinois 4.39   4.28 0.575 5.97   5.81 0.700 10.34   10.34 0.996 3.11   2.98 0.605
Indiana 5.91   6.22 0.415 7.86   7.74 0.882 15.96   15.48 0.657 3.83   4.39 0.240
Iowa 4.43a  3.88 0.050 6.78   5.74 0.146 11.52   10.19 0.115 2.82   2.49 0.316
Kansas 5.25   4.86 0.284 7.00   7.47 0.505 12.66   11.44 0.227 3.59   3.25 0.445
Kentucky 5.59   6.23 0.110 8.83   8.30 0.518 14.68   16.33 0.193 3.70   4.39 0.157
Louisiana 5.69   6.19 0.220 8.72   8.33 0.611 13.06   13.19 0.900 3.79   4.53 0.150
Maine 4.66   4.56 0.782 7.28   6.41 0.242 13.50   13.76 0.806 3.03   3.04 0.973
Maryland 3.96   4.28 0.244 6.11   5.75 0.580 10.18   10.91 0.406 2.64   2.99 0.318
Massachusetts 5.56   5.65 0.807 6.40   6.28 0.876 15.72   15.32 0.738 3.77   3.93 0.739
Michigan 5.59   5.66 0.777 7.86   7.62 0.629 14.23   13.57 0.309 3.77   4.03 0.366
Minnesota 4.39   4.35 0.910 6.31   5.79 0.459 11.28   11.41 0.899 2.88   2.90 0.944
Mississippi 4.33   4.21 0.700 6.79b  5.49 0.088 10.36   10.53 0.869 2.82   2.84 0.950
Missouri 5.16   5.05 0.732 7.16   7.25 0.901 13.64   12.53 0.275 3.39   3.48 0.833
Montana 5.40   5.54 0.728 9.63   8.80 0.342 13.40   14.07 0.573 3.44   3.65 0.648
Nebraska 4.68a  3.72 0.001 6.72a  5.02 0.011 10.99   9.79 0.186 3.18a  2.39 0.023
Nevada 6.15   6.17 0.963 8.42   8.20 0.809 16.53   16.09 0.749 4.20   4.40 0.728
New Hampshire 4.62   4.82 0.548 6.93   6.47 0.538 12.51b  14.41 0.093 3.07   3.14 0.868
New Jersey 3.93   3.55 0.210 5.84   5.05 0.226 9.93   9.51 0.636 2.78   2.46 0.381
New Mexico 5.42   6.07 0.151 8.11   8.95 0.352 12.17   12.14 0.972 3.73   4.50 0.184
New York 4.30   4.11 0.356 5.93   5.25 0.128 10.19   9.99 0.727 3.09   2.93 0.526
North Carolina 4.81   4.71 0.736 7.20   6.68 0.478 12.23   12.41 0.845 3.29   3.22 0.853
North Dakota 4.21   4.14 0.826 6.21   6.59 0.599 9.13   9.63 0.544 2.90   2.58 0.403
Ohio 5.08a  5.57 0.025 7.26   7.59 0.477 13.79a  15.40 0.013 3.30   3.65 0.181
Oklahoma 6.72   6.98 0.597 9.70   9.87 0.851 14.40   15.24 0.511 4.87   5.06 0.760
Oregon 5.35   5.37 0.956 8.05   7.29 0.383 13.01   14.90 0.141 3.75   3.63 0.790
Pennsylvania 4.10   4.03 0.719 5.91   5.94 0.950 11.12   10.62 0.394 2.72   2.71 0.962
Rhode Island 5.50   6.09 0.149 6.50   6.45 0.946 15.84   16.29 0.731 3.48   4.15 0.156
South Carolina 4.86   4.65 0.510 6.81   6.35 0.502 13.17   12.78 0.711 3.16   3.08 0.835
South Dakota 3.91b  3.41 0.073 5.74   4.94 0.273 9.65   9.09 0.490 2.55   2.14 0.213
Tennessee 6.23   6.94 0.137 8.93   9.09 0.839 16.96   15.79 0.361 4.13b  5.29 0.054
Texas 4.79   4.72 0.752 6.73   7.06 0.497 11.45a  9.57 0.002 3.19   3.43 0.363
Utah 6.21a  5.24 0.012 7.79   6.70 0.196 12.47b  10.70 0.087 4.23   3.55 0.156
Vermont 5.13   4.76 0.265 7.22   6.56 0.352 14.74   13.92 0.424 3.22   3.03 0.621
Virginia 4.58   5.07 0.161 6.71   7.07 0.597 12.18   12.65 0.657 3.06   3.55 0.242
Washington 6.13   6.52 0.398 8.04   8.92 0.261 15.96   15.02 0.431 4.22   4.82 0.301
West Virginia 5.69   5.14 0.159 8.93a  7.19 0.038 17.20b  15.09 0.063 3.58   3.44 0.769
Wisconsin 4.82a  5.82 0.012 7.10   8.18 0.156 12.03b  14.15 0.063 3.24b  4.05 0.091
Wyoming 5.14   4.91 0.512 7.61   7.74 0.879 12.39   12.38 0.993 3.46   3.18 0.511
90309
Table C.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 51.37   51.04 0.319 16.58   16.28 0.193 61.42   61.58 0.691 54.35   53.87 0.234
Northeast 55.55   56.00 0.383 18.57   18.26 0.485 66.11   66.54 0.461 58.56   59.03 0.465
Midwest 54.24   53.92 0.431 17.33   17.02 0.359 67.08   66.77 0.509 56.98   56.65 0.507
South 47.55   47.06 0.239 15.71b  15.13 0.064 57.09   57.45 0.475 50.20   49.54 0.207
West 51.20   50.54 0.209 15.70   15.86 0.710 59.05   59.14 0.895 54.86   53.85 0.130
Alabama 42.45a  39.84 0.047 16.13   14.93 0.256 53.40   52.05 0.440 44.05b  41.04 0.076
Alaska 52.74   53.89 0.346 15.02   15.00 0.982 57.95b  61.20 0.055 58.23   58.84 0.706
Arizona 54.37a  51.82 0.037 17.40   16.48 0.445 60.62   58.62 0.243 58.45b  55.52 0.061
Arkansas 42.61   43.64 0.415 17.79   17.03 0.461 54.15   54.85 0.678 43.89   45.26 0.396
California 50.33   49.56 0.321 14.70   15.53 0.208 58.12   58.58 0.637 54.21   52.83 0.167
Colorado 58.59   59.86 0.266 18.27   17.90 0.769 68.84   69.41 0.709 62.12   63.57 0.320
Connecticut 60.77   62.17 0.286 20.21   19.60 0.596 71.81   71.91 0.943 64.42   66.21 0.275
Delaware 51.51a  54.09 0.048 16.27   15.66 0.565 63.53   65.46 0.212 53.97b  57.13 0.058
District of Columbia 60.25   59.28 0.428 13.39   14.07 0.533 72.22   71.42 0.584 62.58   61.26 0.397
Florida 53.43   52.67 0.355 16.62   16.73 0.875 58.51   59.30 0.413 57.06   55.85 0.234
Georgia 44.85   46.36 0.196 14.41   14.39 0.980 53.04   53.80 0.648 47.71   49.61 0.207
Hawaii 46.70   47.97 0.418 13.28   13.82 0.591 58.06   61.05 0.121 49.21   50.18 0.619
Idaho 46.52a  42.39 0.001 16.14a  14.12 0.046 51.12   52.03 0.591 50.15a  44.83 0.002
Illinois 52.47   52.81 0.646 17.14   16.44 0.304 64.86   65.28 0.634 55.15   55.55 0.671
Indiana 49.40   50.05 0.602 14.57   14.83 0.797 61.56   60.78 0.604 52.05   52.96 0.571
Iowa 53.09   52.62 0.705 18.36   17.11 0.248 67.04   65.85 0.422 55.02   54.90 0.940
Kansas 53.19   52.45 0.548 19.43   18.07 0.230 67.06   66.45 0.715 55.19   54.56 0.692
Kentucky 42.47   41.38 0.385 15.84   15.98 0.897 55.53   57.81 0.184 43.68   42.01 0.291
Louisiana 49.07   50.01 0.470 17.56   16.81 0.503 57.67   60.05 0.157 51.93   52.77 0.627
Maine 54.76   53.23 0.257 18.99   17.74 0.306 66.71   66.44 0.866 57.27   55.52 0.306
Maryland 53.14   54.03 0.492 15.22   15.65 0.683 62.85b  65.89 0.051 56.76   57.22 0.779
Massachusetts 57.85a  60.42 0.045 17.58   18.53 0.437 70.32   72.03 0.254 60.71b  63.54 0.081
Michigan 56.20   55.36 0.248 16.30   16.15 0.821 68.55   67.68 0.313 59.70   58.70 0.288
Minnesota 61.74   60.71 0.393 18.49   17.23 0.308 71.94   72.94 0.480 65.69   64.33 0.387
Mississippi 36.93   36.95 0.992 14.33a  12.27 0.033 47.16   47.87 0.686 38.25   38.53 0.855
Missouri 49.91   50.39 0.697 17.55   16.28 0.267 65.72   63.43 0.149 51.48   52.67 0.444
Montana 56.71   55.43 0.327 21.86a  18.81 0.014 70.40   68.17 0.149 58.73   57.92 0.631
Nebraska 54.03   53.17 0.496 18.89   18.03 0.450 70.80   68.37 0.115 55.59   55.06 0.746
Nevada 52.00   51.89 0.939 16.00   14.87 0.310 60.17   59.68 0.765 55.49   55.57 0.965
New Hampshire 60.79   61.92 0.351 18.23   18.12 0.921 71.10b  73.60 0.095 64.76   65.73 0.524
New Jersey 56.47   55.13 0.338 19.72   18.07 0.153 66.55   65.50 0.541 59.80   58.34 0.406
New Mexico 45.83   44.44 0.302 17.18   16.82 0.748 58.17   58.88 0.687 47.66   45.70 0.264
New York 54.75   55.19 0.588 19.36   19.05 0.700 64.22   65.18 0.331 57.68   58.05 0.725
North Carolina 43.58   42.21 0.289 14.44   13.98 0.639 54.83   53.40 0.415 45.60   44.05 0.338
North Dakota 58.24   60.50 0.118 19.57   21.03 0.249 73.44   75.74 0.109 59.93   62.20 0.234
Ohio 51.57   51.22 0.625 17.25   18.01 0.233 66.13   65.98 0.868 53.69   53.16 0.567
Oklahoma 41.85   42.52 0.623 15.89   14.35 0.182 53.31   55.33 0.257 43.18   43.96 0.656
Oregon 54.67   55.72 0.391 18.43   17.36 0.375 60.71   61.71 0.533 58.18   59.44 0.418
Pennsylvania 52.30   52.68 0.626 16.29   16.28 0.987 63.44   63.28 0.864 55.06   55.53 0.636
Rhode Island 61.23   63.05 0.148 20.20   21.62 0.278 74.20   75.02 0.565 64.05   66.00 0.226
South Carolina 45.26   46.80 0.209 14.22   14.46 0.798 55.08   57.99 0.116 47.73   49.19 0.347
South Dakota 58.70   57.67 0.417 18.40   18.74 0.781 74.06   72.44 0.257 61.29   60.23 0.530
Tennessee 42.41b  40.22 0.100 13.75   13.43 0.753 55.00   52.18 0.103 43.96   41.71 0.182
Texas 49.49a  47.56 0.011 16.51a  14.78 0.013 59.46b  57.75 0.081 52.57a  50.54 0.038
Utah 32.40   30.85 0.261 11.46b  9.85 0.099 36.89   35.62 0.498 34.77   33.22 0.407
Vermont 60.42   60.05 0.792 20.43   21.17 0.572 73.03   71.44 0.303 63.29   62.92 0.839
Virginia 51.86   52.86 0.429 15.01   15.89 0.409 61.12a  65.06 0.012 55.14   55.57 0.791
Washington 54.45   54.39 0.958 17.22   17.87 0.562 66.06   65.31 0.637 57.38   57.34 0.985
West Virginia 36.40   36.98 0.663 16.63   15.16 0.191 54.11   54.36 0.884 35.91   36.85 0.567
Wisconsin 63.14   61.54 0.188 19.31   19.52 0.869 71.36   72.60 0.367 67.46   65.14 0.140
Wyoming 56.36   56.22 0.920 20.45   20.36 0.943 70.59   70.96 0.810 58.37   58.27 0.955
90309
Table C.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 22.82b  23.15 0.092 10.10   10.00 0.519 42.02   41.99 0.907 21.20b  21.65 0.075
Northeast 23.57   23.98 0.259 11.26   11.12 0.660 46.18   45.55 0.276 21.45   22.03 0.200
Midwest 25.43   25.82 0.192 10.81   10.63 0.496 47.77   47.47 0.549 23.44   24.07 0.101
South 21.57   21.79 0.445 9.23   9.06 0.457 38.27   38.56 0.529 20.35   20.63 0.434
West 21.65   22.07 0.241 9.88   9.99 0.773 39.08   39.28 0.753 20.15   20.64 0.294
Alabama 18.74   18.77 0.974 9.08   8.59 0.542 33.77   33.06 0.641 17.42   17.67 0.815
Alaska 21.58   22.74 0.264 9.86   9.52 0.712 35.89a  40.75 0.005 20.84   21.52 0.612
Arizona 22.87   22.93 0.948 10.73   10.27 0.610 40.85b  37.97 0.089 21.38   22.07 0.551
Arkansas 20.71b  22.31 0.084 11.83   10.75 0.217 38.19   39.69 0.366 18.84b  20.92 0.073
California 20.81   21.56 0.195 9.23   9.83 0.272 37.75   38.15 0.671 19.41   20.13 0.327
Colorado 24.68   26.15 0.130 11.10   11.28 0.854 47.24   48.35 0.525 22.56   24.27 0.153
Connecticut 25.14   25.13 0.996 11.89   13.24 0.200 49.83   49.85 0.990 23.08   22.84 0.848
Delaware 21.29a  23.23 0.032 9.64   8.98 0.564 42.59   45.01 0.138 19.14a  21.40 0.045
District of Columbia 28.32   28.64 0.784 7.28   7.02 0.780 50.58   48.90 0.344 26.10   26.44 0.814
Florida 22.34   23.06 0.252 9.36b  10.29 0.086 38.13   39.04 0.324 21.52   22.16 0.409
Georgia 19.65b  21.14 0.090 8.14   8.15 0.991 35.21   36.65 0.357 18.51   20.30 0.116
Hawaii 21.41   22.94 0.155 9.18   9.41 0.806 40.37   42.33 0.286 20.06   21.64 0.236
Idaho 21.89a  19.78 0.024 10.71   9.33 0.103 37.51   39.01 0.360 20.48a  17.79 0.022
Illinois 25.46   26.16 0.256 10.46   10.33 0.809 46.27   46.93 0.511 23.81   24.60 0.316
Indiana 21.10   22.34 0.152 9.03   9.51 0.544 41.05   41.48 0.796 19.19   20.73 0.150
Iowa 27.14   27.49 0.739 11.39   10.68 0.416 50.85   49.39 0.391 24.83   25.73 0.495
Kansas 25.43   25.41 0.982 13.35a  11.40 0.035 47.82   49.35 0.387 22.81   22.81 0.996
Kentucky 21.79   21.29 0.547 10.10   9.63 0.592 38.77   40.68 0.247 20.48   19.70 0.462
Louisiana 23.53   24.35 0.413 10.43   9.77 0.443 36.79   39.11 0.162 22.80   23.55 0.561
Maine 22.43   23.11 0.470 11.13   10.84 0.776 45.82   46.18 0.831 20.28   21.26 0.386
Maryland 20.20   21.06 0.340 8.94   9.51 0.490 37.50b  40.15 0.094 18.91   19.45 0.624
Massachusetts 25.01b  26.67 0.081 11.34   11.55 0.820 52.44   52.72 0.868 22.13   24.06 0.107
Michigan 25.37   25.16 0.723 9.91   9.55 0.491 47.92a  45.96 0.040 23.64   23.77 0.864
Minnesota 27.86   28.75 0.401 12.75   11.90 0.390 50.35   52.61 0.184 25.80   26.74 0.479
Mississippi 18.40   18.74 0.696 7.93   7.08 0.258 31.84   32.10 0.869 17.33   17.94 0.577
Missouri 23.86   24.30 0.636 10.77   10.31 0.613 46.90   44.60 0.162 21.55   22.68 0.336
Montana 28.57   26.92 0.124 15.25b  13.04 0.055 54.85   53.41 0.390 25.60   24.14 0.271
Nebraska 26.69a  24.26 0.012 12.33b  10.77 0.093 49.97a  45.80 0.020 24.17b  22.01 0.070
Nevada 23.75   24.20 0.675 10.26   9.90 0.682 42.40a  38.98 0.044 22.59   23.83 0.351
New Hampshire 23.83b  25.63 0.059 11.12   11.76 0.522 50.98   53.67 0.140 21.20   23.09 0.108
New Jersey 22.29   22.87 0.540 11.75   12.09 0.727 45.17   43.52 0.325 20.24   21.15 0.444
New Mexico 20.30   20.85 0.551 10.02   10.03 0.992 37.43   39.52 0.196 18.54   18.90 0.764
New York 23.47   23.33 0.817 11.67   10.83 0.120 43.77   42.67 0.243 21.53   21.52 0.991
North Carolina 19.46   20.43 0.274 8.56   8.04 0.469 35.79   36.81 0.527 18.24   19.39 0.300
North Dakota 30.32   32.02 0.152 12.71   12.32 0.731 56.49   58.08 0.357 26.99   28.69 0.261
Ohio 24.45   25.32 0.135 10.49   10.98 0.367 47.30   47.06 0.778 22.40   23.58 0.109
Oklahoma 21.14   21.21 0.944 10.26   9.03 0.163 37.08   37.37 0.867 19.60   19.86 0.824
Oregon 21.61   21.71 0.911 11.37   10.20 0.167 39.52   40.43 0.584 19.92   20.14 0.848
Pennsylvania 23.09   23.53 0.476 10.01   9.79 0.666 45.09   44.61 0.594 21.14   21.80 0.394
Rhode Island 27.12   27.92 0.442 11.14   12.29 0.266 51.19   52.01 0.623 24.75   25.39 0.623
South Carolina 20.88   21.85 0.288 7.93   7.65 0.688 36.71   37.30 0.715 19.88   21.16 0.267
South Dakota 28.14   28.34 0.850 11.44   11.62 0.850 51.78   53.04 0.460 25.88   26.01 0.923
Tennessee 20.52   19.19 0.127 7.71   8.28 0.447 39.91b  37.06 0.091 18.95   17.76 0.280
Texas 24.06a  22.79 0.034 9.88   9.04 0.105 40.99b  39.29 0.070 22.90   21.68 0.105
Utah 17.38b  15.64 0.061 7.99b  6.57 0.072 28.31   26.03 0.154 16.04   14.49 0.208
Vermont 25.99   25.57 0.663 12.87   12.80 0.957 53.20   53.95 0.661 22.99   22.43 0.638
Virginia 21.79   22.62 0.336 8.97   9.77 0.293 41.07   42.91 0.280 20.29   20.90 0.564
Washington 22.80   22.48 0.716 10.93   10.81 0.887 41.24   43.40 0.199 21.23   20.58 0.551
West Virginia 18.90   18.79 0.895 10.04   9.16 0.354 40.93   39.83 0.501 16.53   16.75 0.829
Wisconsin 29.41   28.84 0.598 12.02   12.29 0.784 53.60   53.29 0.856 27.42   26.76 0.633
Wyoming 25.21b  26.91 0.079 13.08   12.68 0.749 49.58   50.74 0.488 22.23b  24.47 0.069
90309
Table C.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 41.69b  42.13 0.068 38.90   39.41 0.134 32.72   33.03 0.319 43.64   44.07 0.156
Northeast 39.99   40.55 0.224 37.48   38.46 0.105 29.73a  30.88 0.046 41.99   42.42 0.457
Midwest 37.56   38.08 0.133 36.91   37.00 0.856 27.73   28.04 0.454 39.40   39.99 0.190
South 44.32   44.66 0.346 40.83   41.39 0.249 35.24   35.73 0.292 46.36   46.61 0.590
West 42.98   43.33 0.478 38.92   39.36 0.479 35.92   35.28 0.310 44.85   45.35 0.434
Alabama 44.95   45.00 0.970 42.33   41.88 0.793 35.58   36.05 0.763 46.92   46.94 0.991
Alaska 36.96   37.89 0.465 34.87   37.74 0.115 27.92   27.61 0.865 39.07   39.84 0.648
Arizona 40.47   41.17 0.563 35.94   35.31 0.709 32.44   34.42 0.228 42.52   43.15 0.696
Arkansas 43.04b  40.99 0.095 39.53   39.32 0.896 34.48   34.79 0.848 45.00b  42.25 0.085
California 45.59   45.42 0.831 40.68   40.68 0.999 39.46b  37.73 0.095 47.45   47.57 0.908
Colorado 37.93   37.56 0.771 33.23   34.52 0.411 29.82a  25.75 0.005 39.95   39.95 1.000
Connecticut 39.98   39.11 0.501 35.60   35.21 0.807 30.63   29.36 0.424 42.00   41.14 0.604
Delaware 41.38   40.57 0.545 39.29   40.43 0.472 31.13   32.48 0.489 43.40   41.95 0.393
District of Columbia 42.72   43.17 0.705 43.67   43.17 0.760 31.68   32.20 0.773 44.76   45.56 0.601
Florida 44.12   44.68 0.495 39.08   40.70 0.111 38.59   37.93 0.445 45.55   46.14 0.569
Georgia 47.50   46.39 0.408 45.04   43.63 0.439 37.70   35.50 0.183 49.61   48.67 0.590
Hawaii 42.05   43.18 0.460 41.48   43.09 0.377 33.98   34.52 0.759 43.36   44.52 0.546
Idaho 40.01b  42.12 0.089 38.21   38.97 0.628 31.08   31.95 0.572 42.04   44.47 0.136
Illinois 38.86a  40.47 0.024 37.84   39.45 0.101 31.05   31.95 0.329 40.40b  42.14 0.064
Indiana 40.04b  37.94 0.075 37.33   37.38 0.973 30.23   28.34 0.161 42.19   39.70 0.107
Iowa 35.20   36.21 0.398 35.17   37.46 0.135 23.46   24.63 0.397 37.35   38.14 0.607
Kansas 39.64   38.73 0.468 37.90   38.00 0.948 25.29   24.55 0.604 42.62   41.52 0.505
Kentucky 42.07   41.57 0.692 36.64a  40.68 0.019 32.23   31.21 0.526 44.37   43.31 0.521
Louisiana 43.89   44.64 0.557 42.82   43.32 0.764 39.62   39.40 0.896 44.89   45.84 0.575
Maine 38.36   39.43 0.424 34.10   34.76 0.660 22.34   23.36 0.450 41.27   42.26 0.557
Maryland 44.50   44.08 0.729 40.09   41.28 0.475 35.42   35.89 0.763 46.60   45.81 0.616
Massachusetts 34.66   35.56 0.457 34.33   34.16 0.917 26.88   26.75 0.922 36.00   37.24 0.430
Michigan 38.21   38.35 0.856 38.01   36.78 0.191 28.75   29.03 0.749 39.88   40.17 0.774
Minnesota 33.54   34.84 0.268 33.61   35.39 0.244 23.14   25.16 0.161 35.43   36.49 0.478
Mississippi 47.25   47.62 0.767 44.52   46.36 0.270 38.22   40.60 0.153 49.38   49.12 0.875
Missouri 39.86   39.45 0.735 37.33   35.47 0.249 26.56   26.85 0.834 42.56   42.13 0.785
Montana 35.99a  38.83 0.025 32.77   33.54 0.623 25.02   27.17 0.143 38.35b  41.51 0.053
Nebraska 37.04   37.65 0.624 36.36   37.01 0.668 24.93   25.98 0.519 39.46   39.94 0.767
Nevada 41.61   42.71 0.399 37.35   38.64 0.437 36.38   35.27 0.513 43.00   44.37 0.414
New Hampshire 34.07   33.21 0.476 32.76   31.58 0.443 23.13b  20.60 0.053 35.97   35.36 0.690
New Jersey 42.85   44.30 0.280 36.49a  40.84 0.007 34.03   35.52 0.380 45.02   46.07 0.532
New Mexico 47.63   47.67 0.975 40.10   40.03 0.966 38.13   36.85 0.460 50.55   50.81 0.875
New York 42.65   42.70 0.946 39.57   40.22 0.530 31.42   32.69 0.215 44.95   44.78 0.868
North Carolina 45.51   45.34 0.903 40.21   40.11 0.952 30.61   32.99 0.122 48.64   47.99 0.714
North Dakota 33.77   35.22 0.251 33.10   33.97 0.576 23.33   24.10 0.594 36.08   37.91 0.278
Ohio 37.79   38.43 0.380 37.79   36.62 0.216 29.15   28.49 0.433 39.27   40.34 0.259
Oklahoma 42.78   43.67 0.489 39.17   39.98 0.626 33.48   34.07 0.722 45.03   45.95 0.581
Oregon 39.13   38.44 0.557 36.51   36.85 0.834 29.54   29.97 0.779 41.05   39.97 0.483
Pennsylvania 37.82   38.95 0.149 38.28   38.69 0.673 27.67a  30.22 0.003 39.43   40.41 0.322
Rhode Island 39.09   38.24 0.497 36.97   36.78 0.910 27.35   27.60 0.865 41.51   40.41 0.495
South Carolina 44.23   44.01 0.858 42.48   41.54 0.548 35.40   33.98 0.368 45.99   45.99 0.999
South Dakota 34.05   35.30 0.316 34.59   32.80 0.296 22.33   22.59 0.845 36.24   38.02 0.277
Tennessee 41.82a  45.58 0.005 39.41   40.09 0.661 33.16   33.59 0.796 43.55a  48.14 0.008
Texas 44.41   45.14 0.320 41.13   41.71 0.541 34.69a  37.15 0.014 46.81   47.20 0.696
Utah 46.77b  49.54 0.054 46.44b  50.15 0.063 39.62b  43.38 0.059 48.76   51.05 0.250
Vermont 34.82   36.00 0.364 31.60   32.96 0.386 21.35   19.55 0.185 37.52   39.10 0.341
Virginia 42.81   43.85 0.410 40.20   39.78 0.797 33.36   32.19 0.458 44.71   46.30 0.330
Washington 37.42b  39.41 0.093 34.81   36.13 0.399 28.62   30.14 0.287 39.25   41.35 0.173
West Virginia 44.62a  41.70 0.036 38.72   40.94 0.147 31.64   33.98 0.160 47.25a  42.92 0.013
Wisconsin 32.86   34.72 0.138 34.24   35.32 0.485 24.34   25.75 0.291 34.19   36.20 0.213
Wyoming 37.23   37.62 0.758 34.51   35.22 0.632 25.51   24.79 0.676 39.78   40.26 0.773
90309
Table C.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2005-2006)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2006-2007)
Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2005-2006)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(2006-2007)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 28.29   28.12 0.561 18.87   18.80 0.783
Northeast 31.21   31.41 0.656 21.07   21.09 0.970
Midwest 30.40   29.86 0.155 21.24   20.95 0.378
South 26.32   25.90 0.261 16.92   16.74 0.572
West 27.08   27.36 0.558 17.92   18.18 0.537
Alabama 25.50   24.75 0.472 15.46   15.18 0.750
Alaska 27.56   27.91 0.764 18.61   18.92 0.777
Arizona 28.54   28.43 0.927 19.04   18.85 0.837
Arkansas 28.66   28.63 0.975 19.39   18.66 0.441
California 25.79   26.52 0.301 16.65   17.23 0.341
Colorado 31.77   30.09 0.148 20.62   20.52 0.926
Connecticut 31.70   32.82 0.363 21.19a  23.45 0.040
Delaware 29.58   29.22 0.784 19.10   19.59 0.710
District of Columbia 29.76a  33.75 0.006 18.92a  22.51 0.007
Florida 27.35   27.61 0.708 17.49   17.90 0.491
Georgia 24.80   24.11 0.473 15.23   15.09 0.867
Hawaii 23.45   23.28 0.888 16.96   16.20 0.463
Idaho 25.26b  23.35 0.071 18.32   17.27 0.242
Illinois 28.62   29.04 0.545 19.48b  20.66 0.056
Indiana 26.91   26.37 0.634 18.52   18.46 0.952
Iowa 31.99b  29.77 0.058 23.46   21.75 0.117
Kansas 32.38   31.25 0.306 23.98   22.74 0.233
Kentucky 27.26   27.57 0.784 18.45   18.53 0.928
Louisiana 28.05   28.38 0.779 16.79   16.85 0.947
Maine 32.30a  29.60 0.021 22.07   20.81 0.223
Maryland 26.27a  28.41 0.046 15.72b  17.31 0.074
Massachusetts 31.97   33.20 0.292 23.42   24.60 0.273
Michigan 29.23   28.89 0.623 20.21b  19.13 0.064
Minnesota 31.61b  29.46 0.058 22.93   21.96 0.366
Mississippi 23.58   22.04 0.158 15.49   15.16 0.721
Missouri 30.38   29.61 0.499 20.40   20.23 0.861
Montana 34.30a  31.62 0.026 25.98b  24.02 0.089
Nebraska 33.37   32.39 0.384 23.62b  21.69 0.065
Nevada 27.89   26.26 0.160 18.90   18.38 0.614
New Hampshire 32.46   33.60 0.304 22.79   24.13 0.184
New Jersey 32.32a  29.46 0.022 20.68   19.96 0.542
New Mexico 27.71   28.54 0.490 17.97   18.78 0.436
New York 31.30   32.06 0.302 20.72   20.13 0.370
North Carolina 24.11   24.36 0.820 15.74   15.69 0.956
North Dakota 37.59a  40.04 0.049 28.46   29.47 0.387
Ohio 30.28   30.65 0.578 21.15   21.38 0.700
Oklahoma 24.37   24.20 0.871 17.18   16.84 0.717
Oregon 29.27   30.55 0.297 19.22   19.63 0.692
Pennsylvania 28.76   29.36 0.385 19.77   19.79 0.959
Rhode Island 36.15   37.76 0.206 23.62b  25.68 0.063
South Carolina 24.18   25.27 0.313 15.48   14.85 0.449
South Dakota 34.10a  31.03 0.014 23.66   22.20 0.189
Tennessee 24.36   23.00 0.182 15.78   15.44 0.713
Texas 27.20a  25.00 0.002 17.56a  16.31 0.039
Utah 21.46a  17.26 0.001 16.99a  13.30 0.001
Vermont 38.29   39.27 0.423 28.02   28.93 0.434
Virginia 27.60   28.55 0.395 18.52   19.48 0.303
Washington 30.50a  32.69 0.048 20.32   21.75 0.165
West Virginia 28.10   27.04 0.381 19.60   18.21 0.167
Wisconsin 35.43b  33.57 0.097 25.12   23.93 0.305
Wyoming 34.20   34.44 0.860 23.95   24.84 0.490
90309
Table C.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 29.51   29.12 0.163 13.00   12.65 0.161 44.10a  42.89 0.000 29.21   28.94 0.446
Northeast 28.11a  27.07 0.022 13.28a  12.16 0.005 44.38a  41.97 0.000 27.34   26.48 0.125
Midwest 32.31   31.84 0.210 14.39   14.34 0.882 48.83b  48.05 0.100 31.80   31.36 0.345
South 31.40   31.08 0.393 13.23   13.16 0.829 44.87a  43.79 0.017 31.52   31.31 0.657
West 24.96   25.05 0.843 11.16   10.65 0.182 38.19   37.39 0.204 24.53   24.83 0.599
Alabama 33.58   34.33 0.521 15.29   16.38 0.331 45.76   47.70 0.249 33.89   34.42 0.730
Alaska 29.85   30.13 0.801 15.10   13.99 0.302 47.51   46.52 0.584 28.99   29.68 0.640
Arizona 28.02   28.74 0.521 13.52   12.41 0.294 41.69   42.29 0.742 27.63   28.65 0.479
Arkansas 35.69   35.44 0.835 16.46   16.42 0.967 50.82   49.61 0.474 35.60   35.57 0.981
California 22.62   22.70 0.911 9.47   8.73 0.185 34.35   33.55 0.410 22.42   22.68 0.759
Colorado 26.47a  29.77 0.004 14.35   14.96 0.541 46.11b  49.24 0.083 24.67a  28.36 0.012
Connecticut 25.35   26.22 0.441 12.53   12.45 0.931 47.49   46.32 0.494 23.63   24.89 0.388
Delaware 28.26   28.18 0.951 12.54   11.07 0.118 42.14   40.43 0.328 27.89   28.33 0.769
District of Columbia 28.72   28.33 0.726 9.29   9.33 0.965 39.55   37.78 0.295 28.55   28.22 0.814
Florida 28.14   28.88 0.293 11.49   11.65 0.801 41.25   41.22 0.974 28.15   29.04 0.314
Georgia 29.28   30.86 0.150 12.20   13.63 0.136 40.53b  43.77 0.069 29.69   31.07 0.329
Hawaii 22.20   22.87 0.586 8.96   9.72 0.388 36.69   38.71 0.255 21.66   22.07 0.791
Idaho 27.81a  25.58 0.042 12.45   11.19 0.183 41.94b  38.78 0.068 27.32   25.28 0.154
Illinois 30.09   29.88 0.763 12.70   12.64 0.925 45.39   44.83 0.571 29.77   29.56 0.817
Indiana 33.36   33.49 0.905 14.02   14.70 0.502 48.90   49.07 0.916 33.25   33.32 0.962
Iowa 31.43   30.47 0.376 15.81   14.53 0.207 50.21a  43.38 0.000 30.01   30.23 0.876
Kansas 32.92   32.24 0.549 15.94   15.37 0.568 48.46   49.50 0.553 32.28   31.30 0.500
Kentucky 38.06   37.13 0.443 19.61   19.95 0.774 56.03   56.78 0.662 37.43   36.20 0.428
Louisiana 33.07   32.72 0.771 13.11   13.41 0.742 43.79   44.80 0.565 33.83   33.11 0.648
Maine 31.01   30.77 0.846 16.09a  13.44 0.018 51.37a  46.96 0.008 29.74   30.51 0.620
Maryland 25.58   26.00 0.683 11.11   10.47 0.487 39.45   38.85 0.719 25.29   25.95 0.615
Massachusetts 28.42a  26.29 0.045 14.42   13.21 0.246 45.04   42.70 0.169 27.37b  25.08 0.093
Michigan 32.53a  30.54 0.005 13.23   13.22 0.979 50.05a  47.18 0.006 32.22a  30.10 0.021
Minnesota 30.13   30.82 0.550 15.30   14.57 0.492 51.82   50.34 0.389 28.18   29.51 0.368
Mississippi 33.22   32.52 0.530 13.07   11.86 0.193 44.72   44.17 0.736 33.94   33.37 0.697
Missouri 35.46   33.71 0.135 15.88b  13.94 0.082 49.29   47.64 0.319 35.65   33.94 0.262
Montana 34.23a  30.95 0.008 18.10   16.54 0.197 51.99   49.94 0.221 33.14a  29.53 0.023
Nebraska 30.37   29.70 0.549 14.32   13.17 0.268 45.86   45.10 0.654 29.58   29.03 0.701
Nevada 31.02   29.65 0.303 11.96   11.78 0.860 42.78   41.04 0.299 31.69   30.27 0.405
New Hampshire 27.01   26.98 0.980 12.95   12.55 0.687 47.48   46.90 0.751 25.62   25.77 0.907
New Jersey 25.40   25.83 0.720 12.89   11.58 0.214 43.09   42.14 0.574 24.39   25.20 0.591
New Mexico 28.53   28.28 0.835 14.55   14.85 0.787 46.91   47.23 0.855 27.07   26.65 0.784
New York 27.43a  25.42 0.005 11.87a  10.28 0.005 41.66a  37.87 0.000 27.00a  25.16 0.041
North Carolina 31.33   31.00 0.794 14.21   13.44 0.441 47.34a  43.68 0.029 30.98   31.22 0.877
North Dakota 30.85   30.57 0.814 15.14   15.17 0.979 47.76   47.52 0.891 29.25   28.74 0.739
Ohio 33.63   34.22 0.394 15.73   16.43 0.307 51.03   52.15 0.247 33.05   33.57 0.547
Oklahoma 36.86   36.28 0.622 16.21   16.16 0.971 49.98   48.38 0.348 37.17   36.76 0.792
Oregon 27.12   27.46 0.757 14.16   13.42 0.496 44.18a  40.12 0.021 25.91   27.16 0.372
Pennsylvania 31.27   30.36 0.196 14.95   14.38 0.391 46.72b  45.11 0.099 30.82   29.95 0.336
Rhode Island 29.03   29.94 0.404 13.53   14.49 0.371 45.44   48.10 0.124 28.00   28.50 0.717
South Carolina 33.86   33.54 0.788 14.92   14.23 0.480 47.96   47.60 0.830 33.97   33.75 0.887
South Dakota 32.63   31.48 0.294 17.67b  15.78 0.085 48.55   49.82 0.455 31.62   30.19 0.315
Tennessee 38.06b  35.62 0.061 16.45   16.06 0.720 52.45b  48.86 0.054 38.41   36.00 0.146
Texas 30.62b  29.47 0.092 11.64   11.35 0.616 42.38a  39.89 0.009 31.22   30.19 0.256
Utah 22.08a  19.97 0.041 9.80b  8.06 0.083 30.03   27.62 0.169 22.05   20.01 0.146
Vermont 29.90   29.48 0.728 16.58   15.09 0.240 53.54a  48.89 0.009 27.54   28.02 0.754
Virginia 29.11   28.34 0.486 12.71   12.51 0.830 48.20a  44.70 0.048 28.11   27.66 0.747
Washington 27.70   26.92 0.457 12.46   13.17 0.450 42.99   41.47 0.379 27.11   26.33 0.564
West Virginia 40.62a  37.80 0.033 18.32   16.38 0.129 52.60   52.04 0.737 41.26b  38.08 0.056
Wisconsin 32.66   32.36 0.798 13.81   15.35 0.153 47.37   48.68 0.452 32.53   31.75 0.609
Wyoming 34.75   36.65 0.155 19.36   21.21 0.145 52.65   55.28 0.112 33.40   35.31 0.271
90309
Table C.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 24.96   24.63 0.234 10.58a  10.10 0.012 38.71a  37.29 0.000 24.51   24.38 0.715
Northeast 24.02a  22.92 0.011 10.81a  9.62 0.000 39.14a  36.42 0.000 23.24   22.37 0.107
Midwest 27.30   26.92 0.304 11.79   11.52 0.341 42.97   42.20 0.108 26.62   26.31 0.511
South 26.19   26.13 0.852 10.72   10.68 0.898 39.14a  37.86 0.004 26.03   26.18 0.738
West 21.48   21.44 0.928 9.05a  8.27 0.021 33.65b  32.50 0.053 21.05   21.28 0.660
Alabama 27.58   28.62 0.355 11.73   11.96 0.807 38.69   38.75 0.971 27.75   29.09 0.355
Alaska 24.28   24.56 0.778 10.53   9.65 0.305 39.76   39.39 0.827 23.67   24.21 0.688
Arizona 23.70   25.04 0.202 11.33   10.61 0.438 35.68   37.34 0.332 23.31   24.90 0.238
Arkansas 29.11   29.78 0.571 13.92   14.53 0.561 44.92   43.81 0.526 28.37   29.44 0.481
California 19.87   19.79 0.893 7.82b  6.91 0.056 30.63   29.33 0.146 19.67   19.86 0.810
Colorado 22.15a  24.39 0.031 11.00   10.31 0.427 40.36   42.25 0.237 20.46a  23.15 0.043
Connecticut 21.34   20.96 0.720 10.21   9.77 0.610 42.13   39.99 0.210 19.61   19.46 0.912
Delaware 24.47   24.65 0.875 10.75b  9.28 0.095 36.98   37.02 0.976 24.09   24.54 0.747
District of Columbia 25.64   25.78 0.898 7.42   7.23 0.799 36.36   35.83 0.753 25.36   25.49 0.930
Florida 23.74   24.56 0.248 9.55   9.53 0.978 35.28   35.37 0.931 23.69   24.69 0.265
Georgia 23.24   24.59 0.202 9.85   10.00 0.864 34.85   36.78 0.227 23.08   24.56 0.270
Hawaii 19.64   20.57 0.427 7.13   6.83 0.654 33.71   34.74 0.557 19.07   20.09 0.488
Idaho 23.46a  21.39 0.035 10.05   8.88 0.174 36.55b  33.66 0.074 22.88   20.99 0.139
Illinois 25.86   25.55 0.645 10.51   10.20 0.586 40.22   39.60 0.514 25.42   25.13 0.738
Indiana 28.21   27.96 0.816 11.72   11.80 0.936 43.03   43.17 0.935 27.83   27.50 0.808
Iowa 25.36   25.13 0.831 12.83   11.71 0.231 42.25a  37.40 0.003 23.88   24.67 0.562
Kansas 26.63   25.81 0.452 12.44   11.86 0.537 41.38   40.71 0.689 25.77   24.91 0.545
Kentucky 30.76   30.36 0.738 15.72   15.93 0.857 49.50   50.54 0.556 29.57   29.01 0.703
Louisiana 27.10   27.14 0.975 10.57   10.99 0.612 38.74   38.72 0.989 27.20   27.18 0.992
Maine 27.02   26.94 0.939 12.95   11.36 0.128 45.08   42.66 0.166 26.00   26.53 0.716
Maryland 22.02   22.25 0.816 9.58   8.76 0.313 35.20   33.45 0.258 21.56   22.21 0.618
Massachusetts 23.69a  21.35 0.025 10.53   9.52 0.243 38.64b  35.61 0.051 22.81b  20.35 0.059
Michigan 27.98a  25.78 0.001 11.30   10.70 0.279 44.87a  41.75 0.001 27.41a  25.14 0.009
Minnesota 25.01   25.40 0.703 12.42   11.65 0.433 46.61   44.80 0.274 22.77   23.78 0.440
Mississippi 27.07   26.44 0.563 9.90   9.35 0.523 36.65   37.29 0.696 27.73   26.92 0.569
Missouri 29.65   29.21 0.715 13.24   11.83 0.150 43.17   41.82 0.403 29.46   29.36 0.946
Montana 27.60a  23.86 0.001 13.93b  12.21 0.093 42.25   39.69 0.136 26.74a  22.63 0.003
Nebraska 25.73   25.43 0.785 11.62   10.99 0.496 40.00   39.68 0.854 24.91   24.70 0.877
Nevada 26.91   26.88 0.980 10.38   10.18 0.808 38.71   36.80 0.243 27.23   27.56 0.836
New Hampshire 22.88   23.21 0.741 10.69   9.83 0.314 42.74   41.40 0.449 21.34   22.13 0.523
New Jersey 21.07   21.93 0.427 11.13a  9.12 0.010 37.56   37.24 0.839 19.90   21.26 0.318
New Mexico 24.22   23.52 0.551 11.44   11.82 0.703 41.58   41.60 0.989 22.79   21.81 0.519
New York 24.22a  22.40 0.008 9.57a  8.20 0.010 37.59a  33.58 0.000 23.83b  22.24 0.066
North Carolina 26.26   25.82 0.699 10.83   10.79 0.969 42.49a  38.71 0.024 25.66   25.69 0.983
North Dakota 25.22   25.29 0.941 12.17   12.36 0.838 40.59   40.13 0.777 23.60   23.62 0.991
Ohio 28.47   28.92 0.515 12.51   12.86 0.555 44.31   45.51 0.201 27.90   28.27 0.671
Oklahoma 31.32   30.64 0.579 12.94   13.27 0.763 42.69   41.69 0.579 31.65   30.94 0.653
Oregon 22.77   22.83 0.953 11.10   9.72 0.130 39.00a  33.98 0.002 21.53   22.65 0.388
Pennsylvania 26.37b  25.09 0.064 12.45   11.76 0.247 40.55a  38.09 0.009 25.81   24.64 0.184
Rhode Island 24.72   25.33 0.551 11.12   11.31 0.843 40.71   42.43 0.327 23.51   23.90 0.767
South Carolina 29.83   29.37 0.692 12.14   11.82 0.728 43.05   43.01 0.978 29.92   29.41 0.734
South Dakota 26.45   25.85 0.569 14.62a  12.52 0.037 41.08   41.56 0.777 25.27   24.74 0.698
Tennessee 31.81   30.48 0.303 12.93   12.97 0.964 46.89a  42.72 0.013 31.70   30.75 0.565
Texas 25.54   24.94 0.328 9.50   9.49 0.980 36.87a  34.29 0.009 25.78   25.46 0.697
Utah 19.31b  17.51 0.075 8.11b  6.50 0.068 27.69   25.78 0.253 18.98   17.26 0.189
Vermont 25.05   23.44 0.154 13.14a  11.26 0.041 46.61a  41.23 0.001 22.87   21.98 0.536
Virginia 24.88   24.10 0.452 10.97   10.99 0.981 42.38b  39.18 0.052 23.82   23.28 0.680
Washington 23.31   21.91 0.164 9.76   9.69 0.928 36.58   34.46 0.191 22.84   21.44 0.272
West Virginia 32.47   31.10 0.269 14.41b  12.57 0.084 44.65   45.23 0.719 32.60   31.06 0.319
Wisconsin 27.82   28.08 0.823 10.93   12.23 0.191 42.27   44.05 0.290 27.49   27.39 0.947
Wyoming 27.79   29.43 0.169 14.57   14.92 0.746 44.49   47.12 0.109 26.39   28.13 0.258
90309
Table C.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 74.14   73.86 0.256 68.52   68.76 0.485 70.22   70.68 0.184 75.59b  75.10 0.084
Northeast 75.91   76.39 0.225 69.50b  70.59 0.057 70.88a  73.10 0.000 77.56   77.67 0.819
Midwest 71.57   71.22 0.316 67.78   68.13 0.460 67.04   67.02 0.963 72.89   72.37 0.229
South 73.23   72.89 0.286 67.56   67.56 0.989 69.23b  69.98 0.099 74.69   74.09 0.126
West 76.65b  75.92 0.092 69.92   69.79 0.847 74.28   73.33 0.120 78.05   77.25 0.134
Alabama 71.35   69.66 0.137 65.38   63.74 0.309 68.73   68.00 0.649 72.60   70.72 0.196
Alaska 72.05   71.30 0.480 67.50   68.38 0.591 66.70   66.95 0.879 73.87   72.60 0.352
Arizona 74.99   74.07 0.360 65.70b  68.61 0.078 71.54   70.88 0.691 76.91   75.37 0.220
Arkansas 71.12   71.45 0.750 64.64   65.70 0.498 66.89   68.26 0.387 72.71   72.73 0.989
California 78.09   77.35 0.231 70.60   70.20 0.687 76.68b  75.15 0.095 79.47   78.82 0.397
Colorado 75.80   74.74 0.311 68.41   69.15 0.632 71.72   70.89 0.595 77.48   76.10 0.295
Connecticut 77.70   78.36 0.516 71.47   71.49 0.991 74.58   74.09 0.757 79.00   79.91 0.465
Delaware 74.28   74.06 0.835 69.85   69.44 0.773 71.75   70.37 0.361 75.28   75.27 0.995
District of Columbia 78.02   78.64 0.513 66.99   66.50 0.755 77.53   77.89 0.795 79.21   80.04 0.481
Florida 75.93   74.92 0.111 67.86   68.90 0.285 72.77   71.37 0.127 77.36   76.14 0.118
Georgia 75.03   73.79 0.223 69.44   68.23 0.424 72.16   70.30 0.238 76.33   75.19 0.376
Hawaii 74.83   74.84 0.995 68.93b  71.70 0.085 72.38   73.08 0.683 75.95   75.49 0.765
Idaho 73.66   74.54 0.401 69.52   69.70 0.905 68.79   70.72 0.223 75.24   75.96 0.586
Illinois 74.82   74.67 0.817 68.66   69.17 0.563 69.98   70.03 0.960 76.53   76.25 0.730
Indiana 69.26   69.44 0.862 65.70   68.07 0.113 67.13   66.94 0.899 70.14   70.07 0.957
Iowa 70.14   71.26 0.299 67.61   69.61 0.179 63.90b  66.88 0.058 71.61   72.27 0.629
Kansas 71.00   70.29 0.524 67.90   68.11 0.896 65.77   65.18 0.742 72.43   71.57 0.541
Kentucky 67.83   68.56 0.513 63.44   63.30 0.932 61.42   61.93 0.761 69.43   70.26 0.544
Louisiana 72.99   72.93 0.956 69.58   67.72 0.252 72.18   71.16 0.524 73.64   74.01 0.790
Maine 71.22   72.58 0.220 65.10a  68.52 0.029 64.09b  66.93 0.077 73.02   73.86 0.537
Maryland 74.63   74.73 0.927 69.09   68.67 0.772 72.52   71.56 0.527 75.74   76.06 0.801
Massachusetts 75.10   75.45 0.740 69.96   71.18 0.425 72.53   73.44 0.535 76.15   76.31 0.904
Michigan 72.81   72.64 0.796 67.49   67.05 0.625 66.91   67.22 0.747 74.58   74.34 0.766
Minnesota 71.76   72.02 0.800 65.84a  69.05 0.041 67.30   67.77 0.782 73.37   73.18 0.886
Mississippi 72.59   71.67 0.381 66.49   65.45 0.517 68.95   68.40 0.720 74.18   73.20 0.455
Missouri 69.81   69.39 0.717 68.00   67.10 0.574 63.01   63.97 0.569 71.26   70.61 0.659
Montana 71.30a  74.53 0.003 66.69   67.72 0.514 67.87   69.88 0.222 72.50a  76.19 0.005
Nebraska 71.06   71.18 0.915 68.50   69.72 0.423 65.21   65.49 0.866 72.54   72.45 0.949
Nevada 71.75   72.18 0.699 67.27   69.85 0.116 72.24   70.84 0.410 72.27   72.69 0.761
New Hampshire 73.48   74.14 0.518 69.73   67.17 0.118 66.42   68.25 0.280 75.09   75.94 0.503
New Jersey 77.04   77.44 0.675 69.28   69.93 0.664 74.33   74.91 0.706 78.47   78.79 0.787
New Mexico 74.91   74.43 0.657 65.95   66.86 0.568 70.40   71.13 0.645 77.09   76.14 0.495
New York 77.39   78.06 0.325 70.62   72.08 0.121 71.51a  74.81 0.000 79.26   79.39 0.876
North Carolina 72.89   74.13 0.254 69.14   70.06 0.535 66.13a  70.17 0.011 74.48   75.29 0.552
North Dakota 67.29b  69.44 0.074 66.38b  69.00 0.081 64.67   66.38 0.315 67.96   70.19 0.146
Ohio 70.62a  68.98 0.020 67.89   67.72 0.853 66.58   65.76 0.410 71.68a  69.68 0.023
Oklahoma 68.81   68.71 0.929 65.50   64.81 0.691 65.64   67.17 0.389 69.86   69.53 0.821
Oregon 76.74b  74.95 0.083 70.05   68.44 0.340 71.14   70.96 0.905 78.50b  76.37 0.098
Pennsylvania 73.58   73.68 0.870 67.78   68.80 0.248 66.95a  69.79 0.002 75.41   74.93 0.552
Rhode Island 76.04   76.68 0.516 67.01   69.61 0.104 73.53   74.09 0.697 77.64   78.04 0.748
South Carolina 70.29b  72.17 0.096 66.88   67.29 0.790 66.85   69.08 0.182 71.35   73.32 0.160
South Dakota 72.60   71.15 0.174 69.93   67.59 0.134 67.25   67.97 0.660 74.00   72.23 0.191
Tennessee 70.66   71.16 0.656 64.60   64.57 0.983 62.47a  65.78 0.046 72.77   72.83 0.969
Texas 73.93   72.89 0.122 67.68   68.50 0.388 70.00a  72.09 0.027 75.66a  73.72 0.025
Utah 78.24   76.93 0.227 75.04   74.33 0.637 76.24   74.41 0.263 79.34   78.04 0.371
Vermont 75.14   75.49 0.741 69.33b  72.09 0.060 67.08a  70.53 0.032 77.24   76.72 0.699
Virginia 73.87   73.76 0.916 67.97   66.48 0.339 69.06   69.70 0.693 75.43   75.37 0.959
Washington 75.27   74.22 0.277 72.14a  68.75 0.027 71.73   71.20 0.729 76.28   75.42 0.473
West Virginia 68.09   67.88 0.863 69.09   68.61 0.755 62.78   64.60 0.279 68.78   68.28 0.735
Wisconsin 69.72   69.26 0.699 69.71   67.64 0.167 68.64   66.19 0.127 69.91   70.00 0.954
Wyoming 71.15   70.92 0.840 68.73   69.14 0.778 64.48   66.23 0.295 72.71   72.01 0.617
90309
Table C.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.66   7.58 0.498 5.45   5.38 0.611 17.58   17.23 0.203 6.22   6.20 0.895
Northeast 7.15   7.06 0.602 5.42   5.15 0.229 17.73   17.26 0.291 5.64   5.61 0.872
Midwest 8.27   8.39 0.481 5.85   6.00 0.471 20.40b  19.69 0.060 6.44   6.72 0.174
South 7.22   7.06 0.301 4.97   4.83 0.461 15.73   15.65 0.824 6.05   5.89 0.424
West 8.15   8.05 0.614 5.84   5.81 0.915 17.56   17.26 0.551 6.76   6.68 0.753
Alabama 6.49   6.31 0.677 5.13   4.84 0.647 12.88   12.97 0.929 5.56   5.36 0.718
Alaska 7.78   7.77 0.988 6.09   5.88 0.751 16.83   17.58 0.563 6.33   6.24 0.881
Arizona 8.14   7.42 0.107 5.66   4.90 0.226 16.61   15.46 0.338 6.99   6.38 0.269
Arkansas 7.88   8.18 0.525 6.66   6.96 0.641 18.13   18.69 0.631 6.26   6.58 0.572
California 8.23   8.18 0.871 5.49   5.73 0.567 17.39   16.97 0.579 6.94   6.87 0.859
Colorado 9.10   9.63 0.323 6.94   7.39 0.557 20.90   22.57 0.223 7.34   7.72 0.544
Connecticut 8.48   8.47 0.977 5.94   6.91 0.163 23.07   21.62 0.302 6.57   6.62 0.927
Delaware 6.71   6.68 0.950 4.97   4.35 0.283 15.86   15.05 0.493 5.36   5.57 0.670
District of Columbia 9.86   10.05 0.749 3.56   3.70 0.759 19.81   20.32 0.697 8.57   8.47 0.885
Florida 7.51   7.03 0.154 5.13   4.91 0.561 16.71   15.87 0.234 6.41   5.96 0.273
Georgia 6.80   6.75 0.910 4.53   4.25 0.574 13.98   14.27 0.771 5.84   5.81 0.952
Hawaii 7.06a  8.86 0.008 4.66   5.73 0.106 17.19   18.93 0.212 5.81a  7.70 0.024
Idaho 8.12   7.74 0.381 7.30   6.59 0.317 17.67   18.37 0.549 6.37   5.94 0.453
Illinois 7.68b  8.24 0.095 5.62   5.84 0.592 18.91   18.89 0.977 5.96b  6.66 0.092
Indiana 7.68   7.27 0.313 4.89   4.92 0.962 19.51b  17.26 0.054 5.94   5.83 0.843
Iowa 9.02   9.23 0.688 8.24   7.20 0.165 21.93   20.38 0.219 6.76   7.47 0.261
Kansas 8.46   8.60 0.769 7.38   6.99 0.570 19.28   20.07 0.569 6.54   6.64 0.855
Kentucky 6.30   6.20 0.782 5.96b  4.81 0.059 14.69   14.92 0.833 4.97   5.00 0.938
Louisiana 7.23   7.40 0.714 4.29   4.46 0.753 13.88   14.56 0.533 6.34   6.43 0.877
Maine 7.52   7.49 0.950 6.09   5.72 0.590 17.67   19.36 0.167 6.16   6.01 0.770
Maryland 6.93b  7.70 0.098 5.15   5.17 0.965 16.67   18.55 0.117 5.58   6.24 0.241
Massachusetts 8.19   8.96 0.162 5.47   6.00 0.405 19.38   20.69 0.309 6.67   7.32 0.333
Michigan 8.32   8.14 0.548 5.20   5.60 0.286 20.60a  18.97 0.030 6.63   6.63 0.988
Minnesota 9.24   9.44 0.712 6.62   7.03 0.536 20.91   22.20 0.339 7.48   7.48 0.990
Mississippi 6.47   6.29 0.654 4.47   3.84 0.213 14.13   14.15 0.991 5.29   5.18 0.815
Missouri 8.77   8.03 0.104 6.31   5.82 0.455 22.76a  19.21 0.005 6.62   6.41 0.706
Montana 10.81b  9.63 0.065 10.92a  8.34 0.003 26.72   24.32 0.139 7.97   7.28 0.375
Nebraska 9.67   8.86 0.105 7.01   6.59 0.561 23.66b  20.86 0.054 7.34   6.90 0.450
Nevada 8.15   8.21 0.901 6.39   6.25 0.844 17.88   17.66 0.865 6.84   7.03 0.748
New Hampshire 8.16   8.33 0.724 6.37   6.32 0.950 21.96   21.86 0.940 6.21   6.50 0.609
New Jersey 6.31   6.51 0.613 5.53   5.10 0.453 15.67   15.87 0.866 5.01   5.28 0.568
New Mexico 8.14   8.04 0.815 6.46   6.56 0.875 17.32   17.94 0.595 6.64   6.38 0.654
New York 6.97   6.63 0.247 5.33   4.71 0.103 16.68   15.64 0.166 5.53   5.29 0.513
North Carolina 6.61   6.44 0.706 4.90   4.17 0.183 14.39   15.21 0.487 5.57   5.33 0.654
North Dakota 9.37   10.02 0.240 8.36   8.06 0.680 22.93   22.86 0.962 6.62   7.37 0.277
Ohio 7.76   8.14 0.236 5.26   5.66 0.289 18.94   18.87 0.922 6.18   6.66 0.215
Oklahoma 7.40   6.93 0.299 4.91   4.58 0.584 16.66   15.89 0.529 5.98   5.59 0.468
Oregon 6.81   6.61 0.628 6.41   5.38 0.104 16.29   15.94 0.766 5.29   5.28 0.981
Pennsylvania 6.75   6.36 0.175 5.08   4.67 0.242 17.58   16.80 0.278 5.18   4.86 0.359
Rhode Island 8.64   8.46 0.678 5.29   5.48 0.744 19.06   18.61 0.717 7.16   6.94 0.685
South Carolina 7.28   7.58 0.542 4.50   5.02 0.332 14.84   16.28 0.217 6.35   6.48 0.829
South Dakota 10.05   9.58 0.354 6.86   6.99 0.855 23.72   22.98 0.595 7.86   7.43 0.499
Tennessee 6.75b  7.47 0.094 4.76   5.44 0.240 16.72   17.91 0.296 5.36   6.09 0.167
Texas 7.95a  7.23 0.010 4.94   5.02 0.825 16.05b  14.73 0.067 6.83a  6.11 0.044
Utah 7.42a  6.55 0.049 5.07   4.29 0.155 15.03b  13.04 0.069 5.76   5.25 0.342
Vermont 8.77   8.18 0.230 6.49   6.05 0.480 23.53   21.36 0.101 6.54   6.25 0.628
Virginia 7.14   7.31 0.681 4.97   4.85 0.835 17.45   17.76 0.796 5.72   5.90 0.740
Washington 7.83   7.64 0.664 5.91   5.82 0.879 17.37   17.41 0.974 6.47   6.29 0.732
West Virginia 6.40   6.14 0.519 5.36   4.51 0.153 17.01   16.31 0.559 4.89   4.81 0.864
Wisconsin 8.50   9.30 0.101 5.98   6.58 0.394 22.21   23.37 0.389 6.41   7.20 0.184
Wyoming 9.25   9.56 0.574 7.71   8.01 0.704 21.64   21.61 0.978 7.13   7.58 0.508
90309
Table C.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 3.35   3.41 0.478 2.02   2.03 0.884 7.43   7.44 0.960 2.82   2.90 0.471
Northeast 3.18   3.14 0.731 1.91   1.78 0.338 7.49   7.44 0.877 2.64   2.60 0.779
Midwest 3.46   3.59 0.269 2.11   2.14 0.795 8.20   7.92 0.197 2.80   3.02 0.126
South 3.12   3.22 0.361 1.89   1.96 0.515 6.81   6.93 0.580 2.65   2.76 0.428
West 3.73   3.77 0.772 2.19   2.21 0.929 7.59   7.75 0.637 3.25   3.27 0.896
Alabama 2.97   2.97 0.999 2.32   2.08 0.536 5.55   5.96 0.528 2.61   2.58 0.930
Alaska 4.19   3.93 0.440 2.66   2.28 0.339 6.51   7.34 0.312 4.00   3.55 0.323
Arizona 3.97   3.73 0.433 2.36   2.26 0.794 7.35   7.47 0.876 3.60   3.28 0.431
Arkansas 3.40   3.80 0.175 2.26   2.71 0.223 6.97   7.90 0.267 2.92   3.26 0.377
California 3.84   3.90 0.804 2.14   2.18 0.870 7.73   7.84 0.832 3.38   3.40 0.931
Colorado 3.79   3.86 0.798 2.65   2.49 0.735 8.72   9.07 0.705 3.08   3.15 0.843
Connecticut 3.34   3.65 0.274 2.19   2.43 0.523 8.50   8.70 0.812 2.70   3.02 0.358
Delaware 2.88   3.15 0.287 1.82   1.86 0.881 6.24   6.85 0.407 2.44   2.69 0.433
District of Columbia 4.64   4.70 0.873 1.59   1.44 0.569 8.12   8.62 0.569 4.26   4.18 0.862
Florida 3.06   3.28 0.257 1.95   2.16 0.357 7.16   7.29 0.771 2.57   2.82 0.327
Georgia 3.06   3.23 0.525 1.76   1.85 0.783 5.18   5.82 0.292 2.86   2.98 0.738
Hawaii 3.49   4.13 0.139 1.86   2.18 0.416 7.17   7.63 0.652 3.13   3.83 0.187
Idaho 3.31   3.23 0.756 2.15   2.13 0.956 7.25   7.30 0.944 2.70   2.64 0.853
Illinois 3.52   3.50 0.951 2.07   2.06 0.985 7.66   7.64 0.957 2.97   2.96 0.953
Indiana 3.28   3.40 0.658 2.15   2.09 0.842 8.28   7.72 0.419 2.54   2.82 0.390
Iowa 3.85   3.92 0.824 2.91   2.60 0.463 9.04   8.41 0.390 3.03   3.28 0.502
Kansas 3.75   3.91 0.583 2.73   2.56 0.656 8.69   8.93 0.788 2.95   3.15 0.587
Kentucky 2.84   2.94 0.700 2.44   1.90 0.127 6.32   7.26 0.202 2.32   2.39 0.830
Louisiana 3.15   3.39 0.393 1.67   1.78 0.675 5.77   6.51 0.279 2.85   3.01 0.652
Maine 3.24   3.35 0.667 2.32   2.13 0.573 7.11   8.31 0.121 2.77   2.79 0.946
Maryland 2.64b  3.15 0.059 1.75   1.71 0.877 5.97b  7.41 0.058 2.21   2.64 0.219
Massachusetts 3.72   3.43 0.316 1.86   1.84 0.946 8.59   7.70 0.244 3.13   2.90 0.518
Michigan 3.68   3.66 0.924 2.07   2.03 0.841 8.64   8.01 0.181 3.05   3.14 0.710
Minnesota 3.67   3.76 0.761 2.23   2.41 0.604 7.91   7.67 0.759 3.09   3.24 0.689
Mississippi 3.08   2.87 0.409 1.70   1.44 0.320 7.41   7.23 0.810 2.45   2.26 0.564
Missouri 3.56   3.54 0.941 2.07   2.13 0.863 8.89b  7.59 0.073 2.82   3.03 0.529
Montana 4.47   4.23 0.580 3.62b  2.71 0.052 9.04   9.96 0.386 3.76   3.44 0.552
Nebraska 3.69   3.49 0.401 2.33   2.09 0.529 9.16   8.35 0.341 2.83   2.75 0.808
Nevada 3.40   3.52 0.667 1.77   2.08 0.391 7.82   7.46 0.642 2.92   3.11 0.584
New Hampshire 3.38   3.48 0.700 2.13   2.13 0.993 9.69   9.27 0.596 2.55   2.76 0.492
New Jersey 2.92   2.90 0.936 1.94   1.86 0.809 6.65   6.35 0.652 2.49   2.51 0.945
New Mexico 3.87   3.86 0.963 2.28   2.52 0.533 7.35   8.08 0.357 3.44   3.26 0.652
New York 3.21   3.21 0.987 1.80   1.63 0.410 7.27   7.35 0.874 2.70   2.69 0.962
North Carolina 3.05   2.80 0.374 1.93   1.66 0.351 6.38   6.21 0.804 2.66   2.41 0.480
North Dakota 3.51   3.68 0.544 2.45   2.23 0.590 8.58   8.32 0.760 2.56   2.82 0.472
Ohio 3.07b  3.41 0.085 1.74   1.89 0.464 7.78   7.89 0.802 2.44b  2.85 0.098
Oklahoma 3.09   3.40 0.266 1.95   2.10 0.664 6.55   7.07 0.484 2.59   2.89 0.391
Oregon 3.03   3.07 0.876 2.30   1.89 0.244 8.02   7.27 0.323 2.30   2.55 0.408
Pennsylvania 2.91   2.76 0.420 1.91   1.61 0.173 7.18   7.52 0.433 2.34   2.12 0.359
Rhode Island 3.90   3.89 0.968 2.03   2.11 0.831 8.33   7.48 0.264 3.33   3.45 0.770
South Carolina 3.18   3.52 0.246 1.79   2.02 0.475 6.77   6.89 0.854 2.75   3.16 0.270
South Dakota 3.55   3.49 0.838 2.34   2.12 0.533 8.01   7.91 0.906 2.85   2.85 0.994
Tennessee 2.85   3.18 0.214 1.69   1.98 0.376 7.56   7.66 0.887 2.23   2.63 0.215
Texas 3.44   3.31 0.493 1.77   2.01 0.337 7.44   6.85 0.214 2.91   2.82 0.721
Utah 3.66   3.39 0.312 2.03   1.83 0.544 5.89   6.18 0.671 3.34   2.94 0.261
Vermont 3.21   3.46 0.377 1.96   2.12 0.626 8.71   8.12 0.407 2.43   2.86 0.236
Virginia 3.21   3.17 0.867 2.07   2.02 0.854 7.54   7.31 0.745 2.64   2.63 0.964
Washington 3.36   3.65 0.309 1.97   2.32 0.338 6.80   7.33 0.435 2.96   3.22 0.483
West Virginia 2.83   2.99 0.479 2.06   1.86 0.545 8.74   8.36 0.614 2.01   2.32 0.278
Wisconsin 3.20a  3.80 0.033 2.11   2.46 0.334 7.92   8.24 0.667 2.51b  3.20 0.053
Wyoming 3.51b  4.04 0.061 2.50   2.82 0.420 8.47   8.33 0.827 2.71a  3.43 0.048
90309
Table C.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.83   2.81 0.715 4.65   4.47 0.183 8.14   7.90 0.153 1.66   1.70 0.554
Northeast 2.81   2.73 0.365 4.60   4.29 0.127 8.90b  8.38 0.086 1.59   1.60 0.960
Midwest 2.74   2.75 0.886 4.37   4.45 0.679 7.77   7.75 0.954 1.61   1.64 0.816
South 2.86   2.88 0.802 4.67   4.46 0.245 8.00   7.85 0.520 1.73   1.83 0.336
West 2.89   2.81 0.431 4.91   4.66 0.304 8.13   7.75 0.237 1.65   1.66 0.928
Alabama 2.78   3.00 0.426 3.98   4.03 0.923 7.63   7.41 0.787 1.78   2.11 0.341
Alaska 3.39   3.18 0.448 5.45   4.72 0.271 8.39   9.00 0.477 2.07   1.85 0.495
Arizona 2.81   2.90 0.707 5.35   4.32 0.136 7.10   7.33 0.769 1.69   1.93 0.407
Arkansas 3.32   3.20 0.674 6.77a  5.31 0.033 9.38   8.71 0.485 1.80   2.01 0.514
California 2.90   2.73 0.244 4.78   4.58 0.583 8.06   7.39 0.180 1.67   1.58 0.607
Colorado 3.21   3.24 0.913 5.50   5.30 0.758 9.68   8.87 0.405 1.78   2.02 0.505
Connecticut 3.14   2.77 0.156 5.62   4.60 0.116 12.01a  9.39 0.012 1.45   1.50 0.887
Delaware 3.10   3.16 0.811 4.80   4.39 0.480 9.68   9.46 0.817 1.75   1.94 0.554
District of Columbia 4.25   4.52 0.517 4.12   4.16 0.938 7.49   8.99 0.114 3.63   3.59 0.946
Florida 2.92   2.72 0.248 5.22a  4.42 0.042 8.77   8.20 0.270 1.77   1.71 0.782
Georgia 2.91   3.09 0.488 4.34   4.32 0.980 8.14   8.02 0.879 1.77   2.07 0.378
Hawaii 2.37   2.23 0.612 3.98   4.47 0.406 6.60   6.59 0.984 1.51   1.28 0.481
Idaho 3.00   2.76 0.247 5.16   4.48 0.233 8.84   7.87 0.256 1.53   1.55 0.907
Illinois 2.83   2.65 0.236 4.27   4.36 0.783 7.69   7.31 0.421 1.76   1.59 0.320
Indiana 2.83   2.95 0.606 4.57   4.66 0.881 8.86   8.78 0.922 1.51   1.69 0.491
Iowa 2.10   2.08 0.887 3.94   3.94 0.996 5.42   5.88 0.455 1.25   1.14 0.572
Kansas 2.86a  2.29 0.005 4.91   4.62 0.605 7.67b  6.42 0.077 1.66b  1.18 0.058
Kentucky 2.52a  3.02 0.035 4.83   4.99 0.791 6.72a  9.17 0.005 1.55   1.80 0.348
Louisiana 2.91   3.08 0.516 4.73   4.33 0.439 6.75   7.50 0.325 1.88   2.05 0.630
Maine 3.12   3.02 0.727 6.78a  5.13 0.022 10.88   10.29 0.548 1.52   1.75 0.454
Maryland 2.63   2.96 0.201 4.60   4.22 0.516 7.18   8.14 0.230 1.62   1.94 0.308
Massachusetts 2.92   2.85 0.769 5.40   4.92 0.456 9.36   9.77 0.662 1.54   1.41 0.644
Michigan 2.88   2.85 0.828 4.16   4.52 0.322 8.94b  8.03 0.069 1.65   1.73 0.645
Minnesota 2.61   2.60 0.963 4.58   4.49 0.884 7.53   7.66 0.880 1.45   1.45 0.986
Mississippi 3.07   2.85 0.356 4.19   3.89 0.549 7.87   7.32 0.463 1.99   1.86 0.664
Missouri 2.71   2.80 0.696 4.57   4.35 0.694 8.16   7.93 0.773 1.49   1.71 0.412
Montana 3.16   3.05 0.670 6.47b  5.28 0.083 9.44   9.27 0.852 1.63   1.70 0.817
Nebraska 2.36   2.27 0.649 3.83   3.80 0.953 6.85   6.62 0.740 1.29   1.24 0.807
Nevada 2.67   2.73 0.768 4.54   4.85 0.609 7.33   7.81 0.552 1.68   1.68 0.996
New Hampshire 2.78   2.90 0.608 5.47   4.81 0.312 9.57   9.10 0.611 1.35   1.70 0.223
New Jersey 2.26   2.30 0.837 4.06   4.12 0.917 7.08   7.13 0.937 1.30   1.34 0.874
New Mexico 2.64a  3.18 0.031 4.69   5.21 0.428 7.42   8.52 0.216 1.42   1.87 0.130
New York 3.12   3.07 0.770 4.54   4.12 0.247 9.00   8.55 0.402 1.93   1.97 0.863
North Carolina 3.04   2.83 0.362 4.83   4.27 0.315 8.85   8.59 0.744 1.85   1.72 0.631
North Dakota 2.24   2.18 0.729 4.04   4.07 0.949 6.03   5.91 0.848 1.21   1.08 0.575
Ohio 2.90b  3.18 0.092 4.41   4.75 0.375 7.75a  9.15 0.005 1.87   1.97 0.637
Oklahoma 2.82   2.70 0.630 5.18   4.54 0.286 7.00   6.86 0.856 1.71   1.68 0.917
Oregon 2.61   2.73 0.622 5.10   4.64 0.451 8.34   8.12 0.799 1.36   1.65 0.307
Pennsylvania 2.46   2.25 0.106 3.96   4.03 0.824 8.00a  7.06 0.048 1.36   1.24 0.419
Rhode Island 3.68   4.17 0.182 5.67   5.35 0.660 13.18   12.97 0.869 1.69b  2.39 0.093
South Carolina 2.98   3.22 0.388 4.56   4.63 0.909 7.92   8.49 0.487 1.92   2.16 0.477
South Dakota 2.32   2.13 0.320 4.58   3.95 0.287 6.45   6.30 0.822 1.21   1.11 0.625
Tennessee 3.04   2.98 0.815 4.91   4.53 0.491 9.66   8.90 0.390 1.72   1.86 0.626
Texas 2.75   2.74 0.924 4.12   4.53 0.295 7.32   6.55 0.107 1.64   1.73 0.635
Utah 3.05   2.89 0.538 4.65   4.45 0.753 7.23   7.06 0.829 1.64   1.53 0.710
Vermont 3.16   2.95 0.390 5.12   4.70 0.482 11.96b  10.24 0.067 1.41   1.52 0.651
Virginia 2.56   2.77 0.324 4.81   4.71 0.870 7.83   8.73 0.276 1.40   1.54 0.592
Washington 2.95   2.90 0.808 4.86   4.81 0.935 9.05   9.15 0.910 1.67   1.63 0.887
West Virginia 2.90   2.71 0.408 4.95   4.12 0.143 10.46a  8.60 0.023 1.51   1.68 0.531
Wisconsin 2.48   2.64 0.522 4.46   4.23 0.688 6.58   6.90 0.647 1.49   1.69 0.499
Wyoming 2.82   2.77 0.801 4.97   4.85 0.835 9.17   8.82 0.670 1.35   1.40 0.842
90309
Table C.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 1.95   1.93 0.674 2.59b  2.40 0.051 5.64   5.43 0.160 1.22   1.26 0.629
Northeast 2.02   1.91 0.212 2.64a  2.31 0.026 6.30a  5.78 0.046 1.24   1.22 0.888
Midwest 1.90   1.89 0.941 2.48   2.45 0.809 5.36   5.30 0.783 1.20   1.21 0.850
South 1.92   1.95 0.686 2.48   2.34 0.271 5.40   5.41 0.965 1.24   1.31 0.452
West 2.01   1.94 0.452 2.83b  2.50 0.077 5.75   5.33 0.124 1.20   1.24 0.744
Alabama 1.97   1.93 0.814 2.33   2.19 0.711 5.46   4.88 0.387 1.32   1.39 0.781
Alaska 2.51   2.26 0.283 3.43   2.90 0.318 6.24   6.01 0.763 1.63   1.45 0.561
Arizona 1.89   1.82 0.743 3.22b  2.35 0.060 5.06   4.80 0.681 1.14   1.24 0.694
Arkansas 2.18   2.17 0.963 3.27   2.64 0.128 6.30   5.85 0.544 1.32   1.50 0.493
California 2.02   1.94 0.511 2.74   2.37 0.160 5.69   5.27 0.311 1.23   1.24 0.939
Colorado 2.25   2.12 0.610 2.83   2.72 0.832 7.13b  5.62 0.059 1.32   1.45 0.677
Connecticut 2.32b  1.96 0.068 3.45b  2.63 0.077 9.22a  6.78 0.007 1.11   1.13 0.934
Delaware 2.11   2.09 0.910 2.44   2.31 0.755 6.70   6.03 0.350 1.29   1.40 0.664
District of Columbia 3.33   3.12 0.593 1.70   1.91 0.551 5.18   5.98 0.292 3.13   2.63 0.313
Florida 1.90   1.86 0.767 2.46   2.37 0.724 5.98   5.71 0.521 1.22   1.23 0.963
Georgia 1.89   1.91 0.932 2.39   2.15 0.454 5.66   5.15 0.441 1.15   1.31 0.532
Hawaii 1.48   1.38 0.599 2.07   2.27 0.624 4.33   4.07 0.660 0.97   0.86 0.653
Idaho 1.87   1.79 0.605 2.67   2.57 0.821 5.45   4.98 0.479 1.05   1.08 0.842
Illinois 1.98   1.91 0.555 2.54   2.56 0.956 5.26   5.14 0.748 1.32   1.24 0.618
Indiana 1.97   1.98 0.960 2.91   2.69 0.611 6.38   5.68 0.267 1.04   1.23 0.376
Iowa 1.45   1.51 0.690 2.55   2.31 0.554 3.48   4.20 0.170 0.94   0.92 0.916
Kansas 1.97a  1.60 0.025 2.56   2.42 0.694 5.47b  4.49 0.079 1.22   0.94 0.187
Kentucky 1.88   2.08 0.326 3.18   2.77 0.358 5.08b  6.37 0.054 1.19   1.32 0.616
Louisiana 2.02   2.10 0.692 2.42   2.20 0.530 4.51   5.19 0.292 1.47   1.49 0.933
Maine 2.09   1.95 0.486 3.25   2.65 0.197 7.64   6.69 0.233 1.12   1.20 0.719
Maryland 1.86   2.02 0.478 2.52   2.12 0.263 4.94   5.18 0.699 1.27   1.48 0.451
Massachusetts 2.19   2.03 0.426 2.91   2.66 0.584 7.32   6.96 0.667 1.25   1.11 0.544
Michigan 2.06   1.98 0.523 2.32   2.42 0.683 6.31a  5.38 0.032 1.28   1.33 0.751
Minnesota 1.76   1.77 0.942 2.52   2.63 0.787 5.22   5.34 0.852 1.03   1.02 0.965
Mississippi 2.00   1.83 0.359 2.28   2.05 0.477 5.78   4.90 0.171 1.23   1.22 0.981
Missouri 1.68   1.75 0.651 2.65   2.45 0.629 4.66   4.82 0.787 1.02   1.14 0.595
Montana 2.08   2.00 0.667 3.19   2.68 0.296 6.47   5.95 0.438 1.16   1.23 0.777
Nebraska 1.78   1.70 0.605 2.25   2.10 0.675 5.40   4.98 0.475 1.02   1.03 0.968
Nevada 1.83   1.84 0.951 2.42   2.50 0.834 5.62   5.58 0.957 1.15   1.18 0.880
New Hampshire 1.83   1.98 0.460 3.18   2.72 0.286 6.36   6.24 0.870 0.93   1.23 0.221
New Jersey 1.70   1.56 0.336 2.60   2.13 0.143 5.31   4.57 0.221 1.04   1.03 0.948
New Mexico 1.80   2.08 0.200 2.62   2.99 0.444 5.40   5.96 0.426 1.00   1.21 0.415
New York 2.21   2.16 0.750 2.60b  2.13 0.072 5.98   5.86 0.788 1.51   1.51 0.999
North Carolina 2.02   1.99 0.866 2.47   2.32 0.699 5.56   6.08 0.430 1.39   1.29 0.694
North Dakota 1.61   1.59 0.906 2.40   2.38 0.952 4.19   4.14 0.917 0.95   0.91 0.803
Ohio 2.02   2.07 0.675 2.26   2.31 0.864 5.51b  6.26 0.085 1.39   1.34 0.770
Oklahoma 2.09   1.95 0.480 3.08   2.55 0.233 5.29   4.97 0.644 1.35   1.30 0.871
Oregon 1.81   1.91 0.641 3.16   2.73 0.361 5.69   5.47 0.761 1.01   1.24 0.347
Pennsylvania 1.74   1.63 0.324 2.20   2.29 0.739 5.64   5.05 0.142 1.04   0.98 0.690
Rhode Island 2.42   2.64 0.403 2.86   2.94 0.860 8.76   8.39 0.717 1.21   1.53 0.302
South Carolina 1.86   1.91 0.822 2.42   2.38 0.929 4.50   4.95 0.448 1.34   1.34 0.989
South Dakota 1.45   1.41 0.745 2.62   2.08 0.168 3.92   4.27 0.535 0.82   0.78 0.826
Tennessee 2.05   2.07 0.931 3.03   2.53 0.208 5.92   6.09 0.804 1.29   1.38 0.727
Texas 1.81   1.89 0.497 2.21   2.31 0.709 4.80   4.77 0.940 1.16   1.27 0.481
Utah 2.11   2.05 0.738 2.58   2.49 0.828 5.22   5.27 0.949 1.19   1.13 0.806
Vermont 2.29   2.07 0.230 2.96   2.61 0.427 8.86a  7.24 0.043 1.08   1.15 0.771
Virginia 1.81   1.97 0.364 2.51   2.51 0.988 5.83   6.30 0.519 1.06   1.18 0.581
Washington 2.17   2.02 0.454 3.21   2.96 0.593 6.39   5.82 0.429 1.32   1.27 0.848
West Virginia 1.87   1.85 0.950 2.15   2.26 0.776 7.43   6.43 0.185 0.98   1.13 0.500
Wisconsin 1.75   1.98 0.270 2.42   2.43 0.992 4.63   5.16 0.377 1.15   1.37 0.406
Wyoming 1.91   1.90 0.964 2.66   2.69 0.948 6.27   5.74 0.411 0.99   1.10 0.605
90309
Table C.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 9.16   9.10 0.610 8.04   7.87 0.284 21.55a  21.01 0.037 7.15   7.20 0.787
Northeast 8.72   8.57 0.452 8.03b  7.54 0.089 22.21b  21.30 0.052 6.61   6.59 0.953
Midwest 9.69   9.81 0.489 8.25   8.41 0.520 23.80b  23.11 0.064 7.36   7.66 0.186
South 8.74   8.66 0.606 7.73   7.46 0.229 19.81   19.61 0.591 6.97   6.95 0.955
West 9.67   9.53 0.537 8.32   8.22 0.746 21.53   20.92 0.223 7.70   7.64 0.836
Alabama 7.84   7.71 0.801 7.09   6.93 0.829 16.82   16.17 0.565 6.38   6.37 0.984
Alaska 9.87   9.51 0.475 8.96   8.47 0.552 21.01   22.29 0.353 7.87   7.28 0.345
Arizona 9.73   9.24 0.341 8.80   7.50 0.119 20.01   19.71 0.830 8.04   7.67 0.553
Arkansas 9.84   9.99 0.790 11.28   10.05 0.154 22.75   22.96 0.875 7.40   7.82 0.547
California 9.70   9.52 0.603 7.77   7.98 0.681 21.40   20.43 0.207 7.82   7.68 0.746
Colorado 10.88   11.48 0.314 9.95   10.12 0.857 25.39   26.40 0.502 8.48   9.12 0.371
Connecticut 10.09   9.72 0.489 9.06   9.17 0.902 28.64a  25.63 0.042 7.38   7.31 0.925
Delaware 8.49   8.58 0.840 7.88   6.83 0.172 21.05   20.30 0.592 6.42   6.84 0.437
District of Columbia 12.30   12.56 0.698 6.71   6.76 0.939 23.05   24.21 0.444 10.78   10.63 0.859
Florida 9.07   8.48 0.108 8.38b  7.48 0.071 21.07b  19.61 0.069 7.35   6.95 0.364
Georgia 8.42   8.53 0.832 7.06   7.06 0.995 18.56   18.95 0.750 6.81   6.93 0.834
Hawaii 8.34a  9.98 0.020 7.20a  9.04 0.040 20.36   21.39 0.480 6.64a  8.34 0.047
Idaho 9.55   9.02 0.285 9.69   8.66 0.211 21.22   21.91 0.603 7.22   6.70 0.389
Illinois 9.03   9.52 0.153 7.78   8.05 0.563 22.82   22.41 0.609 6.74   7.41 0.117
Indiana 9.02   8.73 0.540 7.31   7.46 0.843 23.35b  21.26 0.093 6.69   6.71 0.972
Iowa 10.00   10.22 0.698 10.13   9.22 0.256 23.56   22.14 0.255 7.50   8.19 0.315
Kansas 9.95   9.65 0.572 9.44   9.08 0.658 22.84   22.69 0.916 7.56   7.25 0.639
Kentucky 7.71   8.28 0.229 8.73   8.03 0.362 17.68b  19.79 0.100 5.95   6.50 0.325
Louisiana 9.16   9.28 0.830 7.61   7.33 0.677 17.67   18.54 0.480 7.70   7.76 0.925
Maine 9.79   9.80 0.979 10.51   9.35 0.198 24.09   24.80 0.617 7.55   7.72 0.799
Maryland 8.16a  9.28 0.022 7.43   7.62 0.793 20.09   22.05 0.132 6.30b  7.39 0.067
Massachusetts 9.99   10.68 0.216 9.01   9.05 0.960 23.81   25.29 0.304 7.82   8.39 0.408
Michigan 9.83   9.63 0.580 7.44   8.14 0.145 24.78a  22.57 0.008 7.57   7.62 0.900
Minnesota 10.65   10.59 0.906 9.49   9.24 0.774 23.90   25.06 0.387 8.40   8.19 0.757
Mississippi 8.00   7.81 0.675 7.05   6.01 0.129 17.89   18.05 0.899 6.24   6.16 0.869
Missouri 9.91   9.60 0.532 8.67   8.19 0.549 25.45b  23.08 0.061 7.33   7.49 0.794
Montana 12.25a  10.72 0.011 13.85a  10.81 0.001 29.49b  26.49 0.054 8.99   7.99 0.177
Nebraska 10.56b  9.66 0.079 8.72   8.08 0.408 26.18a  23.13 0.039 7.81   7.33 0.436
Nevada 9.54   9.40 0.793 8.85   8.82 0.978 21.75   21.45 0.834 7.70   7.65 0.935
New Hampshire 9.52   9.92 0.460 9.58   8.80 0.371 25.94   25.72 0.886 6.91   7.63 0.265
New Jersey 7.47   7.54 0.853 7.27   6.83 0.533 19.65   18.98 0.593 5.67   5.91 0.624
New Mexico 9.58   9.91 0.528 9.01   9.41 0.635 21.58   21.93 0.795 7.37   7.72 0.593
New York 8.68   8.31 0.267 7.94b  7.05 0.068 21.28b  19.84 0.067 6.63   6.44 0.628
North Carolina 8.45   8.09 0.471 7.83   6.79 0.119 18.87   19.70 0.540 6.84   6.39 0.454
North Dakota 10.44   10.94 0.337 10.38   9.92 0.583 25.08   24.57 0.716 7.32   7.98 0.303
Ohio 9.56   10.06 0.152 8.07   8.72 0.177 22.39   23.20 0.313 7.56   8.04 0.274
Oklahoma 8.82   8.42 0.419 8.05   7.32 0.331 19.98   19.35 0.650 6.81   6.53 0.635
Oregon 8.22   8.32 0.827 8.76   7.81 0.244 20.13   19.72 0.760 6.19   6.58 0.482
Pennsylvania 8.14   7.70 0.177 7.37   7.06 0.506 21.52   20.35 0.120 6.04   5.70 0.401
Rhode Island 10.96   11.34 0.508 8.70   8.82 0.892 26.42   26.48 0.968 8.42   8.84 0.546
South Carolina 8.99   9.39 0.463 7.61   7.82 0.777 19.29   20.98 0.180 7.39   7.68 0.671
South Dakota 10.98   10.27 0.187 9.37   8.83 0.508 25.61   24.80 0.582 8.38   7.75 0.331
Tennessee 8.62   9.08 0.336 7.99   8.21 0.767 22.55   21.98 0.673 6.41   7.17 0.175
Texas 9.22   8.69 0.106 7.22   7.50 0.560 19.83a  18.11 0.023 7.44   7.04 0.330
Utah 8.94   8.18 0.136 7.41   6.63 0.328 18.45   16.86 0.208 6.62   6.18 0.478
Vermont 10.36   9.86 0.368 9.23   8.79 0.590 27.98   25.74 0.135 7.50   7.36 0.837
Virginia 8.38   8.87 0.315 7.53   7.65 0.865 20.69   22.43 0.193 6.46   6.77 0.594
Washington 9.55   9.27 0.582 8.63   8.46 0.821 21.93   21.58 0.799 7.57   7.36 0.730
West Virginia 7.91   7.77 0.739 7.90   6.97 0.224 21.72   20.61 0.381 5.80   5.95 0.772
Wisconsin 9.95   10.66 0.195 8.71   8.75 0.961 25.24   26.10 0.549 7.40   8.22 0.203
Wyoming 10.73   11.17 0.459 9.96   10.71 0.403 26.07   26.11 0.979 7.96   8.53 0.420
90309
Table C.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.54   2.50 0.496 4.32   4.13 0.141 7.49   7.37 0.429 1.44   1.44 0.971
Northeast 2.47   2.39 0.317 4.29   4.02 0.149 8.11   7.76 0.244 1.32   1.29 0.769
Midwest 2.42   2.39 0.722 4.06   4.10 0.808 7.08   7.22 0.534 1.36   1.31 0.581
South 2.57   2.57 0.968 4.38   4.14 0.144 7.31   7.31 0.985 1.50   1.55 0.569
West 2.69   2.60 0.369 4.49   4.24 0.267 7.69   7.29 0.190 1.52   1.51 0.976
Alabama 2.25   2.45 0.377 3.63   3.64 0.977 6.38   6.81 0.563 1.35   1.54 0.452
Alaska 3.07   2.81 0.293 4.48   4.10 0.497 7.48   7.77 0.690 1.97   1.66 0.331
Arizona 2.53   2.58 0.815 4.99   4.07 0.117 6.66   6.72 0.937 1.45   1.66 0.446
Arkansas 3.01   2.85 0.484 6.28a  4.85 0.016 8.50   8.17 0.711 1.63   1.70 0.770
California 2.73   2.57 0.266 4.37   4.19 0.591 7.74   7.07 0.155 1.55   1.48 0.667
Colorado 2.87   2.92 0.844 5.19   4.82 0.526 9.10   8.28 0.418 1.48   1.77 0.356
Connecticut 2.80b  2.42 0.100 5.23b  4.29 0.083 10.78a  8.25 0.016 1.25   1.27 0.954
Delaware 2.83   2.92 0.737 4.61   4.19 0.416 8.81   8.68 0.882 1.58   1.78 0.478
District of Columbia 3.25   3.42 0.652 3.84   4.13 0.547 7.05b  8.60 0.099 2.46   2.22 0.580
Florida 2.63   2.55 0.614 4.89a  4.07 0.017 8.01   7.48 0.289 1.56   1.64 0.679
Georgia 2.66   2.79 0.589 4.01   4.11 0.831 7.45   7.67 0.783 1.61   1.76 0.603
Hawaii 2.39   2.27 0.715 3.53   3.76 0.667 6.33   6.47 0.859 1.64   1.44 0.618
Idaho 2.78   2.52 0.234 4.78   4.11 0.161 8.41   7.25 0.152 1.37   1.41 0.870
Illinois 2.46   2.29 0.183 4.05   4.06 0.959 7.05   6.72 0.458 1.42   1.25 0.263
Indiana 2.56   2.59 0.875 4.32   4.37 0.915 7.99   8.11 0.869 1.34   1.38 0.851
Iowa 2.00   1.90 0.545 3.58   3.56 0.957 5.32   5.60 0.630 1.19   1.01 0.331
Kansas 2.37a  1.94 0.015 4.31   3.89 0.342 6.52   5.71 0.232 1.31b  0.95 0.067
Kentucky 2.34   2.49 0.467 4.39   4.34 0.929 6.30a  7.85 0.045 1.43   1.42 0.941
Louisiana 2.74   2.82 0.752 4.41   4.03 0.403 6.49   7.04 0.468 1.76   1.84 0.808
Maine 3.01   2.82 0.505 6.33a  4.79 0.019 10.18   9.56 0.555 1.54   1.63 0.762
Maryland 2.29   2.60 0.180 4.21   3.98 0.654 6.49   7.56 0.154 1.33   1.60 0.329
Massachusetts 2.63   2.57 0.764 5.13   4.60 0.328 8.66   9.30 0.476 1.33   1.18 0.492
Michigan 2.59   2.44 0.276 3.97   4.20 0.441 8.14   7.47 0.165 1.43   1.33 0.536
Minnesota 2.34   2.34 0.967 4.19   3.98 0.673 6.87   6.89 0.976 1.27   1.30 0.886
Mississippi 2.81a  2.42 0.048 3.85   3.71 0.718 7.20   6.68 0.460 1.81b  1.43 0.095
Missouri 2.45   2.54 0.668 4.08   4.00 0.867 7.23   7.44 0.761 1.39   1.51 0.605
Montana 2.86   2.87 0.979 6.04a  4.76 0.026 8.43   8.89 0.600 1.46   1.59 0.666
Nebraska 2.18   2.12 0.701 3.46   3.57 0.800 6.33   6.19 0.837 1.21   1.15 0.748
Nevada 2.37   2.48 0.597 4.17   4.31 0.773 6.49   6.96 0.509 1.48   1.56 0.747
New Hampshire 2.53   2.57 0.860 5.19   4.51 0.216 9.19   8.52 0.434 1.13   1.41 0.274
New Jersey 1.92   1.92 0.999 3.62   3.68 0.887 6.45   6.46 0.981 1.01   1.00 0.960
New Mexico 2.44b  2.91 0.071 4.30   4.76 0.446 6.96   7.98 0.222 1.31   1.69 0.188
New York 2.70   2.67 0.881 4.18   3.97 0.511 8.38   8.04 0.514 1.54   1.56 0.884
North Carolina 2.69   2.59 0.605 4.56   4.01 0.234 7.75   8.10 0.647 1.62   1.52 0.680
North Dakota 2.02   1.88 0.450 3.54   3.40 0.755 5.73   5.31 0.495 1.03   0.90 0.527
Ohio 2.48b  2.72 0.099 4.12   4.44 0.372 6.99a  8.71 0.001 1.48   1.49 0.996
Oklahoma 2.67   2.45 0.361 4.73   4.08 0.206 6.57   6.45 0.868 1.65   1.49 0.559
Oregon 2.43   2.37 0.757 4.46   4.19 0.596 7.57   7.56 0.990 1.32   1.32 0.985
Pennsylvania 2.19b  1.97 0.084 3.83   3.71 0.670 6.98   6.45 0.203 1.19   1.02 0.233
Rhode Island 3.25   3.71 0.164 5.20   5.21 0.988 11.81   12.11 0.817 1.44   1.97 0.154
South Carolina 2.72   2.84 0.598 4.35   4.36 0.986 7.55   8.20 0.416 1.66   1.76 0.741
South Dakota 2.18   1.95 0.188 4.08   3.49 0.211 6.25   5.86 0.548 1.13   1.01 0.523
Tennessee 2.78   2.55 0.290 4.61   4.22 0.404 9.04   8.06 0.259 1.52   1.47 0.866
Texas 2.46   2.44 0.861 4.04   4.26 0.522 6.77   6.28 0.302 1.37   1.42 0.748
Utah 2.85   2.65 0.434 4.13   4.06 0.888 6.76   6.33 0.561 1.56   1.45 0.685
Vermont 2.88   2.71 0.466 4.65   4.39 0.634 10.35   9.19 0.173 1.39   1.43 0.868
Virginia 2.24   2.52 0.175 4.28   4.27 0.991 6.92   7.99 0.183 1.20   1.39 0.415
Washington 2.80   2.64 0.446 4.51   4.32 0.699 8.60   8.56 0.957 1.60   1.46 0.570
West Virginia 2.69b  2.34 0.088 4.57   3.96 0.209 9.72a  8.06 0.048 1.41   1.31 0.666
Wisconsin 2.16   2.23 0.721 4.02   3.86 0.737 6.29   6.52 0.719 1.18   1.27 0.712
Wyoming 2.43   2.51 0.684 4.54   4.34 0.671 7.90   7.84 0.938 1.13   1.31 0.403
90309
Table C.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(2005-2006)
12+
(2006-2007)
12+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.30   7.23 0.526 5.22   5.18 0.778 17.03   16.68 0.194 5.88   5.87 0.904
Northeast 6.78   6.74 0.816 5.25   4.97 0.216 17.10   16.59 0.258 5.29   5.33 0.870
Midwest 7.82   7.92 0.548 5.57   5.68 0.595 19.43b  18.80 0.086 6.06   6.31 0.222
South 6.95   6.79 0.280 4.78   4.71 0.705 15.27   15.19 0.830 5.80   5.63 0.382
West 7.77   7.65 0.539 5.51   5.55 0.881 17.35   16.98 0.455 6.35   6.25 0.688
Alabama 6.10   5.95 0.738 4.86   4.53 0.593 11.95   12.10 0.874 5.25   5.09 0.769
Alaska 7.27   7.08 0.638 5.67   5.23 0.468 16.09   16.74 0.601 5.85   5.56 0.588
Arizona 7.72   7.04 0.119 5.49   4.75 0.252 16.32   15.14 0.323 6.51   5.95 0.302
Arkansas 7.30   7.80 0.277 6.16   6.63 0.439 16.22   17.53 0.263 5.90   6.33 0.445
California 7.92   7.80 0.708 5.15   5.55 0.362 17.41   16.80 0.422 6.57   6.43 0.709
Colorado 8.56   9.28 0.149 6.72   6.98 0.743 20.33   22.54 0.110 6.77   7.32 0.343
Connecticut 7.90   7.84 0.903 5.56   6.45 0.183 21.39   19.82 0.231 6.13   6.16 0.959
Delaware 6.33   6.36 0.936 4.88   4.31 0.300 15.35   14.31 0.399 4.97   5.28 0.529
District of Columbia 9.41   9.74 0.554 3.51   3.46 0.933 19.25   19.57 0.813 8.09   8.25 0.820
Florida 7.28b  6.72 0.093 4.93   4.88 0.884 16.29b  15.14 0.097 6.21   5.69 0.203
Georgia 6.56   6.52 0.901 4.29   4.15 0.795 13.64   14.04 0.690 5.62   5.55 0.881
Hawaii 6.82a  8.66 0.007 4.43b  5.51 0.096 17.33   19.13 0.219 5.51a  7.44 0.020
Idaho 7.92   7.39 0.220 7.00   6.13 0.213 17.96   18.17 0.868 6.09   5.58 0.346
Illinois 7.24b  7.84 0.063 5.28   5.49 0.615 18.19   18.32 0.877 5.55b  6.28 0.067
Indiana 7.31   6.72 0.155 4.76   4.75 0.982 18.09b  16.13 0.073 5.73   5.35 0.442
Iowa 8.62   8.80 0.732 7.88   6.91 0.156 21.15   19.74 0.299 6.43   7.07 0.305
Kansas 8.03   8.14 0.823 6.92   6.31 0.330 19.18   19.86 0.627 6.05   6.16 0.843
Kentucky 6.08   5.76 0.361 5.74a  4.54 0.036 14.33   13.73 0.564 4.77   4.65 0.785
Louisiana 6.93   7.15 0.649 4.16   4.40 0.626 13.45   14.15 0.527 6.05   6.18 0.814
Maine 7.23   7.16 0.886 5.92   5.58 0.600 16.94   18.52 0.223 5.93   5.74 0.729
Maryland 6.68   7.30 0.155 5.01   4.95 0.923 15.97   17.83 0.110 5.38   5.87 0.356
Massachusetts 7.88b  8.79 0.079 5.40   5.92 0.375 19.05   20.45 0.251 6.33   7.15 0.201
Michigan 7.89   7.70 0.544 4.97   5.34 0.336 19.78a  18.17 0.032 6.24   6.24 0.994
Minnesota 8.86   9.09 0.677 6.24   6.69 0.533 20.34   21.76 0.281 7.13   7.15 0.972
Mississippi 6.14   6.04 0.805 4.39   3.78 0.228 13.39   13.45 0.956 5.00   4.99 0.980
Missouri 8.20   7.59 0.173 6.03   5.46 0.357 20.97a  18.03 0.014 6.23   6.08 0.799
Montana 10.02b  8.91 0.051 10.04a  7.69 0.004 24.78   22.50 0.139 7.40   6.73 0.324
Nebraska 9.06   8.33 0.105 6.47   6.09 0.573 22.35b  19.56 0.051 6.86   6.51 0.522
Nevada 7.78   7.88 0.841 6.27   6.01 0.708 16.75   16.60 0.906 6.56   6.79 0.680
New Hampshire 7.68   7.79 0.824 6.17   5.99 0.793 20.86   20.73 0.922 5.79   6.02 0.683
New Jersey 5.94   6.21 0.502 5.37   4.87 0.387 15.02   15.34 0.787 4.65   5.00 0.466
New Mexico 7.57   7.73 0.722 6.12   6.18 0.930 16.99   17.45 0.705 5.99   6.12 0.810
New York 6.56   6.29 0.375 5.15   4.56 0.101 16.11   15.10 0.197 5.11   4.96 0.675
North Carolina 6.26   6.21 0.892 4.70   4.09 0.259 13.84   14.78 0.412 5.23   5.10 0.799
North Dakota 9.04   9.42 0.439 7.46   6.96 0.493 23.01   21.87 0.418 6.27   6.93 0.292
Ohio 7.31   7.53 0.446 5.14   5.49 0.361 17.91   17.66 0.743 5.78   6.10 0.369
Oklahoma 7.04   6.56 0.259 4.73   4.40 0.560 15.97   15.23 0.538 5.66   5.24 0.412
Oregon 6.60   6.37 0.558 6.01   5.06 0.117 16.09   15.38 0.544 5.11   5.10 0.977
Pennsylvania 6.48   6.08 0.156 4.95   4.52 0.239 17.09b  15.92 0.096 4.93   4.67 0.437
Rhode Island 8.23   8.27 0.935 5.11   5.46 0.568 18.44   18.36 0.954 6.76   6.74 0.972
South Carolina 7.09   7.37 0.560 4.44   4.82 0.443 14.34   15.76 0.205 6.20   6.32 0.842
South Dakota 9.46   9.11 0.490 6.28   6.57 0.680 22.46   21.80 0.626 7.39   7.08 0.624
Tennessee 6.44   7.06 0.140 4.52   5.22 0.198 16.09   17.32 0.290 5.10   5.69 0.266
Texas 7.71a  7.05 0.017 4.75   4.95 0.606 15.96b  14.79 0.096 6.54b  5.86 0.053
Utah 6.82   6.16 0.147 4.66   4.08 0.315 14.81   13.03 0.126 5.04   4.72 0.580
Vermont 8.33   7.70 0.189 6.20   5.82 0.553 21.99   20.21 0.173 6.26   5.86 0.479
Virginia 6.87   7.13 0.527 4.90   4.76 0.790 16.98   17.43 0.718 5.46   5.73 0.596
Washington 7.33   7.04 0.447 5.57   5.31 0.650 16.79   16.90 0.931 5.96   5.66 0.515
West Virginia 6.17   5.93 0.511 5.29   4.44 0.145 16.41   15.49 0.451 4.70   4.68 0.955
Wisconsin 8.00b  8.86 0.073 5.72   6.20 0.472 20.98   22.07 0.414 6.00   6.91 0.119
Wyoming 8.67   9.05 0.465 6.94   7.51 0.460 20.50   20.90 0.756 6.68   7.11 0.506
90309
Table C.23 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 18+
(2005-2006)
18+
(2006-2007)
18+
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Serious psychological distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 State reports, the 2002-2004 substate report, and the 2004 and earlier national results reports. For details, see Section A.9 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 11.29   11.10 0.297 18.14   17.76 0.102 10.10   9.95 0.494
Northeast 10.83   10.64 0.487 18.00   17.92 0.856 9.66   9.43 0.471
Midwest 11.80   11.54 0.259 18.66   18.53 0.700 10.57   10.31 0.314
South 11.48   11.43 0.813 17.56   17.39 0.604 10.43   10.41 0.954
West 10.87   10.55 0.277 18.63a  17.45 0.017 9.46   9.29 0.626
Alabama 11.24   11.49 0.705 17.20   18.12 0.466 10.21   10.35 0.845
Alaska 11.34   11.28 0.938 17.87   18.48 0.638 10.08   9.94 0.862
Arizona 11.66   12.02 0.619 17.47   18.34 0.535 10.63   10.92 0.724
Arkansas 13.30   12.98 0.702 20.15   18.62 0.260 12.10   12.04 0.948
California 10.23   9.81 0.327 18.19b  16.81 0.063 8.75   8.49 0.588
Colorado 11.32   11.21 0.875 18.07   18.67 0.651 10.15   9.94 0.799
Connecticut 10.61   10.12 0.473 19.86   19.63 0.861 9.18   8.64 0.476
Delaware 10.66   10.48 0.792 17.08   17.07 0.995 9.57   9.37 0.807
District of Columbia 11.23   11.54 0.671 18.21   18.38 0.896 9.88   10.05 0.839
Florida 10.30   10.21 0.842 16.37   16.10 0.698 9.39   9.34 0.920
Georgia 11.81   12.08 0.683 18.34   18.16 0.881 10.65   11.03 0.614
Hawaii 8.84   8.18 0.260 19.18a  16.19 0.017 7.26   6.95 0.647
Idaho 12.01   11.52 0.490 19.50   17.58 0.118 10.54   10.40 0.871
Illinois 10.32   10.31 0.969 16.61   17.17 0.448 9.20   9.08 0.798
Indiana 12.73   12.77 0.949 19.42   20.33 0.456 11.52   11.45 0.922
Iowa 11.34   11.36 0.976 17.20   18.60 0.257 10.27   10.05 0.770
Kansas 13.76a  11.87 0.015 18.67   17.44 0.323 12.82a  10.81 0.024
Kentucky 13.43   13.57 0.866 18.26   19.48 0.319 12.64   12.64 0.996
Louisiana 12.52   12.65 0.861 16.27   17.97 0.184 11.78   11.62 0.863
Maine 12.15   12.53 0.593 20.25   20.26 0.989 10.93   11.43 0.546
Maryland 9.99   9.69 0.628 17.99   17.65 0.767 8.67   8.38 0.665
Massachusetts 10.71   10.44 0.679 19.31   17.66 0.213 9.29   9.20 0.909
Michigan 11.65   11.97 0.482 18.96   19.18 0.775 10.38   10.73 0.492
Minnesota 11.26   10.87 0.573 18.94   17.92 0.420 9.86   9.62 0.757
Mississippi 12.40   12.00 0.559 18.45   17.88 0.657 11.24   10.90 0.659
Missouri 13.81   13.00 0.294 20.34   19.07 0.306 12.65   11.96 0.433
Montana 12.45   11.28 0.114 19.62   18.59 0.406 11.18   10.03 0.166
Nebraska 12.86   12.06 0.221 17.69   18.39 0.570 11.93   10.86 0.146
Nevada 11.78   11.96 0.808 18.87   19.22 0.800 10.66   10.85 0.809
New Hampshire 11.20   11.19 0.990 20.16   19.52 0.639 9.78   9.91 0.861
New Jersey 10.06   9.70 0.518 16.84   17.40 0.656 9.04   8.54 0.421
New Mexico 12.21   12.65 0.610 17.95   17.61 0.792 11.12   11.72 0.552
New York 10.87   10.97 0.830 16.95   17.50 0.486 9.83   9.82 0.986
North Carolina 11.58   10.88 0.318 17.31   16.58 0.548 10.64   9.97 0.395
North Dakota 11.58   12.26 0.345 18.44   17.31 0.341 10.12   11.11 0.248
Ohio 11.94   11.54 0.397 20.32b  18.90 0.062 10.50   10.30 0.717
Oklahoma 13.31   14.04 0.366 19.31   18.68 0.647 12.17   13.18 0.277
Oregon 11.24   11.00 0.730 20.77   19.04 0.195 9.66   9.72 0.937
Pennsylvania 10.94   10.50 0.315 18.28   17.91 0.605 9.73   9.29 0.372
Rhode Island 13.47   12.81 0.400 20.99   20.63 0.796 12.10   11.36 0.418
South Carolina 12.31   12.17 0.849 17.88   17.61 0.833 11.35   11.27 0.924
South Dakota 10.73   10.13 0.367 16.55   16.31 0.845 9.61   8.97 0.402
Tennessee 13.32   13.65 0.676 19.66   20.59 0.459 12.28   12.56 0.750
Texas 10.96   10.69 0.526 16.19   15.73 0.506 9.94   9.71 0.652
Utah 14.40a  12.59 0.012 21.46   19.64 0.161 12.48a  10.74 0.038
Vermont 12.41   11.84 0.450 22.55a  19.54 0.027 10.68   10.56 0.888
Virginia 10.56   10.93 0.563 19.88   18.93 0.472 9.03   9.61 0.428
Washington 10.83   10.43 0.543 19.63a  16.57 0.018 9.33   9.42 0.908
West Virginia 14.04   14.42 0.643 19.85   21.00 0.394 13.15   13.44 0.752
Wisconsin 11.60   11.13 0.505 18.16   18.91 0.529 10.44   9.78 0.414
Wyoming 13.22   12.56 0.375 20.09   19.65 0.725 11.93   11.28 0.445
90309
Table C.24 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 NSDUHs
State 18+
(2005-2006)
18+
(2006-2007)
18+
(p value)
12-17
(2005-2006)
12-17
(2006-2007)
12-17
(p value)
18-25
(2005-2006)
18-25
(2006-2007)
18-25
(p value)
26+
(2005-2006)
26+
(2006-2007)
26+
(p value)
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2006-2007 estimate and the 2005-2006 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005, 2006, and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.25   7.34 0.562 8.36b  8.04 0.054 9.36a  8.96 0.021 6.88   7.05 0.312
Northeast 7.06   6.99 0.783 7.97   7.73 0.392 9.27   8.87 0.202 6.70   6.68 0.957
Midwest 7.77   7.65 0.554 8.30   8.17 0.576 9.75   9.57 0.453 7.41   7.31 0.667
South 7.26   7.54 0.148 8.53   8.18 0.139 9.19b  8.81 0.089 6.93b  7.33 0.080
West 6.89   6.99 0.689 8.43   7.92 0.112 9.32b  8.67 0.071 6.45   6.68 0.404
Alabama 7.20   6.89 0.559 7.55   7.68 0.866 8.85   8.75 0.900 6.91   6.57 0.583
Alaska 6.82   7.58 0.224 8.72   8.03 0.415 8.43   9.14 0.450 6.52   7.28 0.287
Arizona 7.20   7.61 0.507 8.67   8.09 0.490 8.93   9.22 0.742 6.90   7.33 0.546
Arkansas 9.20   8.84 0.614 8.41   8.18 0.771 11.30   10.46 0.336 8.84   8.57 0.754
California 6.14   6.39 0.487 8.10   7.60 0.306 8.57   8.14 0.435 5.69   6.06 0.379
Colorado 8.21   7.42 0.214 9.73   9.00 0.447 10.51   9.38 0.215 7.81   7.08 0.330
Connecticut 6.59   6.90 0.611 8.32   7.62 0.378 9.59   9.38 0.823 6.12   6.51 0.580
Delaware 7.64   6.98 0.270 9.01   8.91 0.903 9.12   8.77 0.666 7.39   6.68 0.317
District of Columbia 8.26   8.05 0.760 7.52   7.43 0.918 9.49   9.05 0.619 8.02   7.84 0.820
Florida 6.36   6.84 0.239 8.91a  7.57 0.012 8.36   8.01 0.457 6.05   6.66 0.191
Georgia 7.15   7.55 0.507 8.26   8.48 0.783 8.48   8.21 0.720 6.91   7.43 0.465
Hawaii 5.02   5.02 0.999 8.62   8.26 0.653 7.49   7.20 0.747 4.64   4.69 0.942
Idaho 8.16   8.24 0.886 9.37   8.78 0.496 11.22b  9.45 0.070 7.55   8.01 0.503
Illinois 6.52   6.49 0.925 7.58   7.35 0.645 8.51   8.74 0.654 6.17   6.09 0.842
Indiana 8.67   8.80 0.830 8.01   8.42 0.606 10.21   10.72 0.564 8.39   8.46 0.918
Iowa 6.99   7.51 0.310 8.29   7.86 0.556 9.08   9.93 0.321 6.61   7.07 0.438
Kansas 8.07   7.52 0.375 8.60   9.32 0.407 10.58   9.81 0.361 7.59   7.09 0.495
Kentucky 8.67   8.95 0.680 9.46   9.75 0.737 9.16   9.89 0.382 8.59   8.80 0.789
Louisiana 7.57   8.20 0.294 8.21   8.27 0.940 9.69   9.27 0.609 7.16   7.99 0.244
Maine 8.80   9.04 0.725 8.96   8.70 0.761 10.80   11.33 0.598 8.49   8.71 0.781
Maryland 6.43   6.69 0.613 8.44   7.71 0.309 9.25   8.42 0.315 5.96   6.40 0.464
Massachusetts 7.86   7.63 0.719 8.02   8.04 0.984 11.09a  9.15 0.040 7.32   7.37 0.941
Michigan 8.20   8.15 0.902 8.35   8.11 0.608 10.22   10.18 0.946 7.85   7.80 0.920
Minnesota 7.10   7.20 0.854 8.43   8.93 0.566 9.23   8.99 0.774 6.72   6.88 0.793
Mississippi 7.79b  6.80 0.076 7.90   7.55 0.658 9.19   8.04 0.164 7.52   6.57 0.149
Missouri 8.65   8.57 0.900 9.34   9.11 0.782 10.24   9.71 0.524 8.37   8.38 0.992
Montana 8.84   8.33 0.453 8.99   8.85 0.853 10.57   10.47 0.924 8.53   7.97 0.476
Nebraska 8.10b  7.04 0.051 8.45   7.48 0.207 9.24   8.41 0.319 7.88b  6.78 0.083
Nevada 9.38   9.10 0.723 8.15   8.14 0.990 11.21   10.68 0.614 9.09   8.86 0.801
New Hampshire 8.49   9.02 0.391 9.39   9.08 0.712 10.45   10.37 0.939 8.17   8.82 0.372
New Jersey 6.60   6.27 0.553 8.09   7.98 0.886 8.89   8.40 0.525 6.25   5.95 0.641
New Mexico 7.39   7.68 0.702 8.86   9.09 0.777 9.12   9.32 0.829 7.07   7.37 0.731
New York 7.05   6.95 0.797 7.85   7.25 0.213 8.69   8.53 0.769 6.77   6.67 0.830
North Carolina 7.39   7.71 0.602 8.36   8.46 0.906 8.65   8.59 0.942 7.19   7.57 0.592
North Dakota 7.88   8.39 0.384 8.51   8.40 0.890 10.84   10.51 0.725 7.25   7.91 0.349
Ohio 8.18   7.89 0.474 8.28   7.98 0.519 10.58b  9.62 0.066 7.76   7.60 0.723
Oklahoma 8.42   9.12 0.308 9.14   8.61 0.531 10.45   10.47 0.980 8.04   8.86 0.305
Oregon 7.76   7.23 0.356 8.13   7.94 0.817 11.17   9.74 0.152 7.19   6.83 0.584
Pennsylvania 6.50   6.64 0.678 7.67   7.91 0.620 8.85   8.95 0.841 6.11   6.26 0.702
Rhode Island 9.13b  7.91 0.061 7.92   7.32 0.457 10.58   9.28 0.173 8.86   7.66 0.113
South Carolina 7.61   7.57 0.937 7.86   8.52 0.416 9.85   9.11 0.379 7.23   7.31 0.899
South Dakota 6.64   6.28 0.509 7.57   7.85 0.733 8.65   8.63 0.984 6.26   5.84 0.519
Tennessee 8.78   9.82 0.172 8.25   8.47 0.774 10.76   10.36 0.673 8.45   9.73 0.148
Texas 6.76   6.88 0.739 8.64   7.86 0.125 8.60   8.17 0.339 6.39   6.63 0.592
Utah 9.04b  8.07 0.094 8.22   8.27 0.955 11.26a  9.36 0.030 8.44   7.74 0.317
Vermont 8.75   8.53 0.763 8.69   8.57 0.888 12.20a  10.24 0.048 8.17   8.25 0.924
Virginia 7.12   7.73 0.333 8.94   9.17 0.790 10.87   9.95 0.318 6.50   7.36 0.242
Washington 7.04   7.53 0.417 9.14   7.69 0.101 10.05b  8.49 0.075 6.53   7.37 0.232
West Virginia 9.08   9.15 0.932 8.28   8.44 0.834 10.77   11.89 0.252 8.82   8.74 0.931
Wisconsin 7.95   7.49 0.470 9.02   8.47 0.492 9.65   9.47 0.826 7.64   7.14 0.500
Wyoming 8.52   8.53 0.986 8.88   9.69 0.344 11.91   11.07 0.406 7.89   8.07 0.804

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