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Appendix B:
Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Measure

90309
Table B.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 8.14   9.66   19.77   5.92  
Northeast 8.33 (7.86 - 8.82) 9.70 (9.11 - 10.32) 21.78 (20.74 - 22.85) 5.92 (5.36 - 6.53)
Midwest 7.88 (7.51 - 8.27) 9.65 (9.15 - 10.18) 19.50 (18.70 - 20.32) 5.60 (5.15 - 6.09)
South 7.49 (7.13 - 7.87) 9.30 (8.80 - 9.83) 18.25 (17.48 - 19.04) 5.42 (4.99 - 5.90)
West 9.27 (8.74 - 9.83) 10.17 (9.48 - 10.92) 20.81 (19.73 - 21.92) 7.04 (6.40 - 7.75)
Alabama 6.99 (5.86 - 8.33) 8.86 (7.32 - 10.68) 15.78 (13.08 - 18.92) 5.24 (4.07 - 6.72)
Alaska 10.74 (9.16 - 12.56) 10.59 (8.80 - 12.70) 22.69 (19.34 - 26.43) 8.53 (6.73 - 10.75)
Arizona 9.08 (7.74 - 10.62) 10.16 (8.44 - 12.20) 20.67 (17.46 - 24.30) 6.93 (5.51 - 8.67)
Arkansas 8.57 (7.31 - 10.01) 10.21 (8.56 - 12.14) 20.79 (17.68 - 24.27) 6.31 (4.99 - 7.96)
California 9.10 (8.34 - 9.94) 9.99 (8.97 - 11.12) 20.54 (18.89 - 22.29) 6.81 (5.92 - 7.83)
Colorado 10.96 (9.43 - 12.70) 11.61 (9.65 - 13.91) 25.51 (22.15 - 29.19) 8.41 (6.76 - 10.40)
Connecticut 7.92 (6.79 - 9.22) 9.76 (8.08 - 11.75) 22.94 (19.53 - 26.74) 5.35 (4.22 - 6.76)
Delaware 8.55 (7.23 - 10.09) 9.84 (8.11 - 11.88) 21.94 (18.48 - 25.84) 6.14 (4.76 - 7.87)
District of Columbia 12.13 (10.50 - 13.97) 11.01 (9.06 - 13.32) 26.82 (23.21 - 30.76) 9.05 (7.25 - 11.25)
Florida 7.69 (6.98 - 8.46) 9.90 (8.84 - 11.08) 20.95 (19.28 - 22.72) 5.46 (4.67 - 6.38)
Georgia 7.50 (6.31 - 8.90) 8.34 (6.85 - 10.12) 17.07 (14.21 - 20.37) 5.73 (4.49 - 7.28)
Hawaii 7.45 (6.17 - 8.97) 9.84 (8.02 - 12.03) 18.25 (15.22 - 21.74) 5.50 (4.16 - 7.23)
Idaho 7.40 (6.25 - 8.74) 8.78 (7.22 - 10.63) 16.69 (13.93 - 19.86) 5.48 (4.29 - 6.97)
Illinois 7.33 (6.67 - 8.05) 9.07 (8.10 - 10.14) 18.89 (17.27 - 20.63) 5.02 (4.28 - 5.88)
Indiana 8.42 (7.25 - 9.77) 10.54 (8.85 - 12.50) 20.11 (17.48 - 23.03) 6.09 (4.85 - 7.61)
Iowa 5.20 (4.29 - 6.27) 7.96 (6.47 - 9.76) 12.35 (10.04 - 15.10) 3.53 (2.64 - 4.71)
Kansas 7.38 (6.16 - 8.82) 9.50 (7.88 - 11.43) 16.91 (13.91 - 20.40) 5.27 (4.07 - 6.81)
Kentucky 8.05 (6.89 - 9.39) 10.21 (8.51 - 12.19) 21.11 (18.16 - 24.41) 5.72 (4.54 - 7.19)
Louisiana 8.15 (6.93 - 9.56) 9.58 (7.96 - 11.49) 18.20 (15.42 - 21.34) 6.00 (4.73 - 7.59)
Maine 9.60 (8.31 - 11.08) 12.29 (10.40 - 14.47) 27.94 (24.49 - 31.67) 6.68 (5.33 - 8.33)
Maryland 7.03 (5.95 - 8.28) 8.79 (7.28 - 10.57) 19.09 (16.27 - 22.27) 4.80 (3.71 - 6.19)
Massachusetts 9.79 (8.42 - 11.35) 11.47 (9.58 - 13.68) 26.48 (22.93 - 30.37) 6.73 (5.33 - 8.46)
Michigan 9.12 (8.36 - 9.94) 10.54 (9.47 - 11.72) 22.29 (20.57 - 24.11) 6.67 (5.81 - 7.65)
Minnesota 8.32 (7.14 - 9.69) 9.66 (8.06 - 11.53) 21.33 (18.37 - 24.63) 5.83 (4.59 - 7.38)
Mississippi 7.12 (5.93 - 8.51) 7.77 (6.38 - 9.44) 16.66 (13.83 - 19.93) 5.23 (4.01 - 6.80)
Missouri 7.99 (6.81 - 9.34) 9.49 (7.83 - 11.45) 18.80 (16.06 - 21.89) 5.94 (4.70 - 7.48)
Montana 10.31 (8.94 - 11.85) 12.46 (10.46 - 14.76) 24.98 (21.73 - 28.54) 7.51 (6.03 - 9.31)
Nebraska 6.73 (5.64 - 8.02) 8.02 (6.56 - 9.78) 16.99 (14.27 - 20.11) 4.62 (3.55 - 5.99)
Nevada 9.00 (7.49 - 10.77) 10.09 (8.33 - 12.19) 18.70 (15.58 - 22.27) 7.37 (5.74 - 9.43)
New Hampshire 9.84 (8.50 - 11.36) 10.98 (9.19 - 13.08) 28.35 (24.85 - 32.14) 6.84 (5.43 - 8.58)
New Jersey 6.48 (5.41 - 7.75) 8.32 (6.84 - 10.07) 17.44 (14.48 - 20.84) 4.59 (3.54 - 5.93)
New Mexico 9.57 (8.11 - 11.27) 12.26 (10.17 - 14.72) 23.49 (20.17 - 27.16) 6.56 (5.02 - 8.53)
New York 9.08 (8.25 - 9.98) 9.77 (8.75 - 10.90) 22.42 (20.55 - 24.42) 6.64 (5.69 - 7.74)
North Carolina 7.15 (6.07 - 8.42) 9.24 (7.70 - 11.06) 18.24 (15.47 - 21.37) 5.11 (3.99 - 6.51)
North Dakota 6.20 (5.16 - 7.42) 7.41 (5.96 - 9.18) 14.29 (11.92 - 17.04) 4.21 (3.15 - 5.60)
Ohio 7.85 (7.18 - 8.57) 9.76 (8.77 - 10.85) 20.28 (18.70 - 21.96) 5.51 (4.74 - 6.38)
Oklahoma 8.48 (7.09 - 10.11) 9.99 (8.24 - 12.07) 17.30 (14.29 - 20.80) 6.63 (5.16 - 8.49)
Oregon 10.16 (8.67 - 11.87) 11.28 (9.40 - 13.47) 21.68 (18.57 - 25.15) 8.19 (6.58 - 10.16)
Pennsylvania 6.98 (6.30 - 7.73) 8.84 (7.89 - 9.89) 17.88 (16.37 - 19.49) 4.96 (4.19 - 5.86)
Rhode Island 12.47 (10.89 - 14.24) 12.75 (10.68 - 15.15) 32.60 (28.83 - 36.62) 8.69 (7.03 - 10.70)
South Carolina 6.55 (5.49 - 7.80) 8.43 (6.91 - 10.26) 16.81 (14.11 - 19.91) 4.61 (3.55 - 5.96)
South Dakota 6.73 (5.63 - 8.02) 8.20 (6.66 - 10.05) 16.78 (13.98 - 20.01) 4.65 (3.55 - 6.07)
Tennessee 8.79 (7.53 - 10.24) 9.77 (8.23 - 11.56) 21.41 (18.35 - 24.81) 6.69 (5.35 - 8.34)
Texas 6.65 (6.02 - 7.34) 8.96 (7.95 - 10.08) 14.75 (13.28 - 16.36) 4.74 (4.03 - 5.57)
Utah 6.43 (5.33 - 7.74) 7.15 (5.73 - 8.89) 12.74 (10.45 - 15.45) 4.67 (3.50 - 6.20)
Vermont 11.49 (10.01 - 13.15) 12.92 (10.99 - 15.14) 31.11 (27.73 - 34.71) 8.06 (6.44 - 10.03)
Virginia 8.21 (7.01 - 9.60) 10.39 (8.69 - 12.39) 21.85 (18.77 - 25.27) 5.67 (4.47 - 7.18)
Washington 10.20 (8.74 - 11.89) 10.33 (8.66 - 12.27) 23.45 (20.51 - 26.68) 8.02 (6.41 - 10.01)
West Virginia 7.37 (6.26 - 8.66) 9.38 (7.77 - 11.27) 19.84 (16.90 - 23.14) 5.29 (4.16 - 6.71)
Wisconsin 8.24 (7.01 - 9.65) 10.19 (8.58 - 12.05) 20.03 (17.06 - 23.37) 5.92 (4.65 - 7.51)
Wyoming 8.67 (7.42 - 10.11) 10.75 (8.96 - 12.84) 20.49 (17.54 - 23.80) 6.26 (4.95 - 7.87)
90309
Table B.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 10.22   12.83   27.73   6.83  
Northeast 11.13 (10.62 - 11.65) 13.89 (13.14 - 14.69) 31.79 (30.55 - 33.05) 7.34 (6.76 - 7.98)
Midwest 10.26 (9.87 - 10.66) 12.73 (12.16 - 13.33) 28.34 (27.44 - 29.26) 6.74 (6.29 - 7.23)
South 9.16 (8.79 - 9.55) 11.95 (11.39 - 12.53) 24.73 (23.86 - 25.62) 6.14 (5.71 - 6.61)
West 11.11 (10.55 - 11.69) 13.46 (12.59 - 14.37) 28.57 (27.32 - 29.86) 7.60 (6.93 - 8.33)
Alabama 7.96 (6.79 - 9.32) 11.13 (9.28 - 13.28) 19.13 (16.19 - 22.46) 5.64 (4.43 - 7.14)
Alaska 13.79 (12.03 - 15.76) 15.08 (12.80 - 17.68) 32.98 (28.93 - 37.31) 9.98 (8.00 - 12.38)
Arizona 9.35 (8.07 - 10.82) 12.56 (10.54 - 14.89) 25.88 (22.45 - 29.64) 6.05 (4.77 - 7.63)
Arkansas 10.09 (8.74 - 11.63) 12.74 (10.70 - 15.09) 26.63 (23.20 - 30.37) 6.99 (5.58 - 8.72)
California 11.24 (10.38 - 12.16) 13.03 (11.73 - 14.46) 28.16 (26.28 - 30.12) 7.77 (6.75 - 8.92)
Colorado 12.99 (11.42 - 14.74) 16.28 (13.93 - 18.95) 35.36 (31.67 - 39.25) 8.77 (7.09 - 10.80)
Connecticut 11.36 (9.89 - 13.02) 14.34 (12.20 - 16.78) 35.32 (31.20 - 39.67) 7.25 (5.74 - 9.11)
Delaware 11.16 (9.67 - 12.85) 12.64 (10.69 - 14.89) 31.93 (28.14 - 35.97) 7.48 (5.91 - 9.42)
District of Columbia 15.72 (13.86 - 17.78) 13.28 (11.12 - 15.77) 37.79 (33.69 - 42.06) 11.18 (9.19 - 13.55)
Florida 9.44 (8.66 - 10.29) 12.63 (11.40 - 13.99) 27.56 (25.75 - 29.44) 6.39 (5.52 - 7.39)
Georgia 9.88 (8.49 - 11.48) 11.57 (9.70 - 13.76) 24.85 (21.49 - 28.54) 7.05 (5.57 - 8.89)
Hawaii 9.04 (7.73 - 10.54) 13.65 (11.33 - 16.35) 27.59 (23.88 - 31.64) 5.63 (4.33 - 7.29)
Idaho 8.64 (7.44 - 10.02) 11.42 (9.53 - 13.64) 24.18 (20.98 - 27.69) 5.36 (4.18 - 6.86)
Illinois 9.53 (8.80 - 10.32) 11.44 (10.32 - 12.66) 27.04 (25.10 - 29.06) 6.14 (5.33 - 7.05)
Indiana 9.87 (8.60 - 11.31) 12.41 (10.48 - 14.63) 27.59 (24.42 - 30.99) 6.42 (5.08 - 8.10)
Iowa 7.32 (6.19 - 8.65) 10.73 (8.94 - 12.83) 19.77 (16.69 - 23.27) 4.62 (3.51 - 6.05)
Kansas 9.70 (8.40 - 11.17) 12.53 (10.56 - 14.80) 27.52 (23.78 - 31.61) 5.92 (4.67 - 7.49)
Kentucky 10.03 (8.70 - 11.53) 13.76 (11.69 - 16.14) 27.39 (24.12 - 30.93) 6.82 (5.44 - 8.52)
Louisiana 10.01 (8.62 - 11.58) 11.99 (10.11 - 14.17) 24.14 (20.91 - 27.69) 6.99 (5.52 - 8.83)
Maine 12.62 (11.02 - 14.42) 16.56 (14.24 - 19.18) 39.49 (35.66 - 43.45) 8.34 (6.64 - 10.43)
Maryland 9.71 (8.43 - 11.16) 12.37 (10.34 - 14.73) 30.41 (26.62 - 34.49) 5.92 (4.62 - 7.56)
Massachusetts 13.49 (11.82 - 15.35) 16.16 (13.66 - 19.02) 38.57 (34.63 - 42.66) 8.88 (7.15 - 10.97)
Michigan 11.91 (11.03 - 12.85) 13.70 (12.49 - 15.00) 32.56 (30.56 - 34.62) 8.12 (7.11 - 9.27)
Minnesota 11.28 (9.77 - 12.98) 12.71 (10.71 - 15.03) 31.18 (27.43 - 35.19) 7.54 (5.96 - 9.50)
Mississippi 7.79 (6.60 - 9.18) 9.36 (7.68 - 11.35) 20.20 (17.14 - 23.64) 5.23 (4.03 - 6.76)
Missouri 9.95 (8.65 - 11.43) 12.39 (10.46 - 14.63) 24.74 (21.64 - 28.13) 7.10 (5.74 - 8.76)
Montana 12.46 (11.00 - 14.07) 16.53 (14.19 - 19.16) 35.99 (32.13 - 40.05) 7.89 (6.39 - 9.71)
Nebraska 8.71 (7.46 - 10.14) 10.48 (8.69 - 12.58) 25.09 (21.77 - 28.72) 5.37 (4.12 - 6.97)
Nevada 10.18 (8.67 - 11.92) 13.65 (11.41 - 16.25) 24.93 (21.11 - 29.19) 7.48 (5.86 - 9.50)
New Hampshire 13.82 (12.10 - 15.73) 15.93 (13.66 - 18.50) 41.14 (37.27 - 45.12) 9.34 (7.48 - 11.60)
New Jersey 9.10 (7.84 - 10.54) 12.22 (10.34 - 14.39) 26.85 (23.26 - 30.78) 6.02 (4.71 - 7.67)
New Mexico 11.20 (9.72 - 12.86) 16.12 (13.67 - 18.92) 31.28 (27.53 - 35.29) 6.70 (5.19 - 8.61)
New York 11.64 (10.78 - 12.56) 13.91 (12.62 - 15.31) 31.62 (29.64 - 33.66) 7.83 (6.85 - 8.94)
North Carolina 9.22 (7.93 - 10.70) 11.85 (10.00 - 14.00) 25.40 (22.17 - 28.93) 6.29 (4.97 - 7.93)
North Dakota 8.59 (7.43 - 9.91) 11.60 (9.67 - 13.85) 23.32 (20.25 - 26.71) 4.86 (3.72 - 6.34)
Ohio 10.69 (9.90 - 11.52) 14.27 (13.05 - 15.58) 29.47 (27.65 - 31.36) 7.05 (6.17 - 8.04)
Oklahoma 8.51 (7.19 - 10.06) 11.63 (9.58 - 14.06) 20.60 (17.17 - 24.51) 5.84 (4.51 - 7.54)
Oregon 13.12 (11.51 - 14.92) 16.14 (13.79 - 18.81) 33.87 (30.14 - 37.81) 9.46 (7.76 - 11.49)
Pennsylvania 9.32 (8.58 - 10.11) 12.67 (11.46 - 13.98) 27.09 (25.29 - 28.97) 5.99 (5.16 - 6.93)
Rhode Island 16.12 (14.34 - 18.08) 18.55 (15.88 - 21.55) 44.29 (40.10 - 48.56) 10.58 (8.62 - 12.93)
South Carolina 8.66 (7.43 - 10.06) 11.15 (9.33 - 13.28) 23.97 (20.80 - 27.45) 5.79 (4.54 - 7.36)
South Dakota 8.56 (7.37 - 9.91) 11.62 (9.77 - 13.75) 24.81 (21.49 - 28.46) 5.10 (3.93 - 6.60)
Tennessee 9.96 (8.58 - 11.52) 12.51 (10.54 - 14.78) 26.67 (23.30 - 30.33) 7.02 (5.59 - 8.77)
Texas 7.92 (7.27 - 8.62) 11.21 (10.08 - 12.44) 20.57 (18.94 - 22.31) 4.97 (4.26 - 5.80)
Utah 7.17 (6.02 - 8.51) 8.80 (7.11 - 10.86) 17.29 (14.41 - 20.60) 4.24 (3.12 - 5.74)
Vermont 15.75 (13.96 - 17.73) 18.59 (16.09 - 21.37) 44.48 (40.69 - 48.33) 10.64 (8.63 - 13.05)
Virginia 10.13 (8.79 - 11.64) 13.31 (11.34 - 15.57) 29.65 (25.94 - 33.64) 6.49 (5.14 - 8.15)
Washington 11.81 (10.31 - 13.48) 14.22 (12.17 - 16.56) 31.59 (28.16 - 35.23) 8.26 (6.65 - 10.23)
West Virginia 8.82 (7.61 - 10.20) 12.88 (10.93 - 15.12) 26.04 (22.73 - 29.65) 5.81 (4.59 - 7.34)
Wisconsin 10.61 (9.26 - 12.12) 13.63 (11.69 - 15.83) 31.12 (27.65 - 34.83) 6.64 (5.26 - 8.35)
Wyoming 11.31 (9.93 - 12.85) 15.57 (13.36 - 18.08) 31.00 (27.52 - 34.70) 7.18 (5.76 - 8.93)
90309
Table B.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 5.92   6.67   16.34   4.02  
Northeast 6.38 (6.01 - 6.77) 7.23 (6.69 - 7.81) 19.11 (18.05 - 20.21) 4.16 (3.75 - 4.61)
Midwest 5.95 (5.67 - 6.24) 6.84 (6.41 - 7.29) 16.31 (15.52 - 17.12) 4.01 (3.68 - 4.37)
South 5.24 (4.98 - 5.51) 6.10 (5.70 - 6.53) 14.49 (13.78 - 15.23) 3.55 (3.24 - 3.89)
West 6.61 (6.20 - 7.04) 6.94 (6.36 - 7.58) 17.07 (16.10 - 18.10) 4.66 (4.17 - 5.20)
Alabama 4.52 (3.63 - 5.62) 5.41 (4.19 - 6.96) 11.25 (8.96 - 14.03) 3.25 (2.38 - 4.43)
Alaska 8.09 (6.78 - 9.62) 7.95 (6.38 - 9.86) 19.15 (16.04 - 22.69) 6.04 (4.62 - 7.86)
Arizona 5.32 (4.40 - 6.43) 6.02 (4.76 - 7.57) 15.14 (12.48 - 18.24) 3.53 (2.65 - 4.68)
Arkansas 5.84 (4.86 - 7.00) 6.69 (5.36 - 8.32) 15.30 (12.74 - 18.26) 4.15 (3.19 - 5.40)
California 6.55 (5.93 - 7.24) 6.83 (5.95 - 7.83) 16.97 (15.51 - 18.54) 4.54 (3.83 - 5.37)
Colorado 8.24 (6.97 - 9.71) 8.15 (6.60 - 10.04) 22.21 (19.02 - 25.77) 5.88 (4.56 - 7.54)
Connecticut 6.24 (5.24 - 7.41) 7.51 (6.04 - 9.30) 20.14 (16.98 - 23.73) 3.91 (2.96 - 5.14)
Delaware 6.25 (5.22 - 7.47) 6.83 (5.44 - 8.54) 18.82 (15.68 - 22.44) 4.06 (3.06 - 5.37)
District of Columbia 9.77 (8.37 - 11.38) 6.87 (5.42 - 8.67) 23.70 (20.16 - 27.65) 7.05 (5.55 - 8.91)
Florida 5.50 (4.94 - 6.12) 6.90 (6.04 - 7.87) 17.40 (15.84 - 19.08) 3.57 (2.97 - 4.28)
Georgia 5.70 (4.65 - 6.97) 5.72 (4.50 - 7.24) 14.24 (11.65 - 17.30) 4.22 (3.16 - 5.62)
Hawaii 5.34 (4.36 - 6.53) 6.93 (5.40 - 8.84) 15.56 (12.69 - 18.94) 3.58 (2.66 - 4.81)
Idaho 5.35 (4.40 - 6.48) 6.11 (4.85 - 7.67) 13.99 (11.47 - 16.95) 3.64 (2.71 - 4.87)
Illinois 5.44 (4.88 - 6.06) 6.14 (5.35 - 7.04) 15.51 (13.93 - 17.24) 3.55 (2.95 - 4.26)
Indiana 6.02 (5.09 - 7.11) 7.36 (6.01 - 8.97) 16.19 (13.72 - 19.02) 4.06 (3.13 - 5.25)
Iowa 3.84 (3.11 - 4.73) 5.57 (4.38 - 7.07) 10.46 (8.23 - 13.20) 2.41 (1.76 - 3.29)
Kansas 5.61 (4.64 - 6.77) 6.97 (5.59 - 8.65) 14.67 (11.95 - 17.89) 3.71 (2.81 - 4.88)
Kentucky 5.79 (4.82 - 6.93) 7.06 (5.65 - 8.79) 17.08 (14.47 - 20.04) 3.85 (2.91 - 5.07)
Louisiana 5.36 (4.42 - 6.49) 5.76 (4.52 - 7.32) 13.89 (11.47 - 16.73) 3.66 (2.74 - 4.87)
Maine 8.29 (7.04 - 9.74) 9.83 (8.02 - 12.00) 26.27 (22.89 - 29.96) 5.55 (4.27 - 7.20)
Maryland 5.06 (4.19 - 6.10) 5.78 (4.54 - 7.33) 15.86 (13.25 - 18.88) 3.18 (2.35 - 4.28)
Massachusetts 7.88 (6.69 - 9.26) 8.68 (7.00 - 10.72) 23.28 (19.93 - 26.99) 5.15 (3.98 - 6.63)
Michigan 7.02 (6.37 - 7.73) 7.56 (6.66 - 8.57) 18.59 (17.03 - 20.26) 4.97 (4.25 - 5.79)
Minnesota 7.27 (6.13 - 8.59) 7.09 (5.70 - 8.79) 20.10 (17.05 - 23.54) 5.00 (3.85 - 6.47)
Mississippi 4.60 (3.71 - 5.69) 4.72 (3.64 - 6.10) 11.87 (9.50 - 14.74) 3.22 (2.36 - 4.39)
Missouri 5.52 (4.59 - 6.63) 6.41 (5.13 - 7.99) 14.18 (11.75 - 17.03) 3.92 (2.99 - 5.12)
Montana 8.66 (7.42 - 10.09) 9.51 (7.86 - 11.46) 22.07 (18.88 - 25.63) 6.25 (4.93 - 7.89)
Nebraska 5.05 (4.14 - 6.14) 5.52 (4.34 - 7.00) 13.90 (11.36 - 16.91) 3.31 (2.45 - 4.45)
Nevada 6.05 (4.92 - 7.42) 6.97 (5.50 - 8.79) 14.07 (11.33 - 17.34) 4.71 (3.55 - 6.22)
New Hampshire 8.21 (7.03 - 9.58) 8.66 (7.01 - 10.65) 26.08 (22.68 - 29.80) 5.40 (4.20 - 6.92)
New Jersey 4.66 (3.83 - 5.67) 5.75 (4.54 - 7.25) 14.80 (12.10 - 17.98) 2.99 (2.22 - 4.02)
New Mexico 6.99 (5.85 - 8.32) 8.73 (7.00 - 10.83) 19.18 (16.15 - 22.62) 4.44 (3.34 - 5.88)
New York 6.91 (6.27 - 7.62) 7.37 (6.47 - 8.40) 20.00 (18.21 - 21.92) 4.55 (3.86 - 5.36)
North Carolina 5.28 (4.36 - 6.37) 6.22 (5.02 - 7.67) 15.03 (12.48 - 17.99) 3.59 (2.71 - 4.75)
North Dakota 4.99 (4.08 - 6.10) 5.05 (3.93 - 6.48) 12.23 (9.95 - 14.94) 3.35 (2.46 - 4.56)
Ohio 6.06 (5.50 - 6.67) 7.33 (6.45 - 8.32) 17.39 (15.90 - 18.99) 3.99 (3.38 - 4.70)
Oklahoma 5.19 (4.18 - 6.43) 6.15 (4.81 - 7.83) 12.58 (10.02 - 15.67) 3.69 (2.71 - 5.00)
Oregon 7.61 (6.41 - 9.01) 7.83 (6.32 - 9.68) 18.62 (15.71 - 21.93) 5.83 (4.57 - 7.40)
Pennsylvania 5.08 (4.57 - 5.64) 6.42 (5.63 - 7.31) 14.90 (13.47 - 16.46) 3.30 (2.76 - 3.95)
Rhode Island 10.31 (8.92 - 11.89) 9.74 (7.97 - 11.85) 30.12 (26.40 - 34.11) 6.70 (5.28 - 8.48)
South Carolina 4.83 (3.97 - 5.87) 5.23 (4.10 - 6.66) 13.64 (11.23 - 16.46) 3.32 (2.49 - 4.41)
South Dakota 5.30 (4.39 - 6.39) 5.76 (4.56 - 7.24) 14.35 (11.84 - 17.28) 3.55 (2.67 - 4.71)
Tennessee 5.71 (4.79 - 6.81) 6.20 (5.02 - 7.65) 16.13 (13.52 - 19.12) 4.02 (3.10 - 5.19)
Texas 4.25 (3.80 - 4.77) 5.47 (4.71 - 6.34) 11.08 (9.79 - 12.51) 2.76 (2.27 - 3.34)
Utah 4.20 (3.38 - 5.21) 4.39 (3.32 - 5.78) 9.95 (7.88 - 12.49) 2.68 (1.90 - 3.77)
Vermont 10.03 (8.66 - 11.58) 10.98 (9.03 - 13.30) 29.36 (25.97 - 33.01) 6.70 (5.27 - 8.50)
Virginia 6.58 (5.57 - 7.74) 7.75 (6.28 - 9.53) 18.45 (15.59 - 21.70) 4.46 (3.47 - 5.71)
Washington 7.44 (6.26 - 8.81) 7.38 (5.97 - 9.08) 19.03 (16.32 - 22.07) 5.55 (4.32 - 7.11)
West Virginia 5.26 (4.37 - 6.31) 6.41 (5.14 - 7.97) 15.90 (13.32 - 18.88) 3.54 (2.68 - 4.67)
Wisconsin 5.88 (4.95 - 6.97) 7.07 (5.78 - 8.61) 16.48 (13.84 - 19.50) 3.88 (2.96 - 5.06)
Wyoming 6.86 (5.82 - 8.08) 8.11 (6.66 - 9.85) 18.11 (15.35 - 21.23) 4.67 (3.60 - 6.02)
90309
Table B.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 38.92   34.58   24.71   41.96  
Northeast 36.98 (36.00 - 37.97) 32.04 (30.92 - 33.19) 21.90 (20.83 - 23.00) 40.11 (38.91 - 41.32)
Midwest 37.61 (36.84 - 38.39) 35.45 (34.54 - 36.37) 22.39 (21.54 - 23.26) 40.58 (39.62 - 41.55)
South 42.70 (41.92 - 43.49) 36.40 (35.49 - 37.31) 27.56 (26.63 - 28.52) 46.11 (45.13 - 47.09)
West 35.77 (34.80 - 36.75) 32.89 (31.65 - 34.16) 24.75 (23.59 - 25.94) 38.19 (36.95 - 39.44)
Alabama 48.70 (45.57 - 51.84) 40.85 (37.12 - 44.68) 31.58 (28.16 - 35.21) 52.67 (48.84 - 56.46)
Alaska 29.49 (26.55 - 32.62) 28.45 (24.75 - 32.48) 19.23 (16.22 - 22.64) 31.59 (27.93 - 35.50)
Arizona 39.07 (36.10 - 42.11) 34.88 (31.19 - 38.76) 29.13 (25.73 - 32.78) 41.37 (37.79 - 45.04)
Arkansas 43.22 (40.25 - 46.24) 38.44 (34.85 - 42.16) 26.93 (23.64 - 30.51) 46.56 (42.96 - 50.19)
California 37.52 (35.96 - 39.11) 33.19 (31.28 - 35.16) 26.19 (24.40 - 28.07) 40.30 (38.31 - 42.32)
Colorado 28.42 (25.71 - 31.30) 27.84 (24.59 - 31.35) 16.89 (14.33 - 19.80) 30.45 (27.17 - 33.94)
Connecticut 36.12 (33.12 - 39.23) 29.75 (26.37 - 33.37) 20.99 (17.93 - 24.42) 39.30 (35.70 - 43.02)
Delaware 37.99 (35.04 - 41.03) 35.59 (31.92 - 39.44) 20.78 (17.82 - 24.08) 41.19 (37.62 - 44.85)
District of Columbia 30.55 (27.69 - 33.56) 27.06 (23.34 - 31.14) 17.23 (14.46 - 20.42) 33.79 (30.29 - 37.48)
Florida 42.12 (40.40 - 43.87) 34.40 (32.49 - 36.37) 27.03 (25.14 - 29.01) 45.25 (43.15 - 47.37)
Georgia 42.09 (39.02 - 45.22) 34.49 (31.09 - 38.05) 29.11 (25.59 - 32.90) 45.41 (41.68 - 49.19)
Hawaii 39.64 (36.33 - 43.05) 32.87 (29.31 - 36.64) 27.04 (23.63 - 30.74) 42.40 (38.41 - 46.49)
Idaho 40.47 (37.46 - 43.56) 37.75 (34.41 - 41.22) 27.39 (24.04 - 31.01) 43.30 (39.58 - 47.09)
Illinois 38.85 (37.25 - 40.46) 36.06 (34.17 - 38.00) 24.16 (22.39 - 26.03) 41.86 (39.83 - 43.91)
Indiana 37.64 (34.75 - 40.61) 36.02 (32.63 - 39.56) 22.72 (19.91 - 25.81) 40.47 (36.93 - 44.12)
Iowa 38.92 (36.07 - 41.86) 37.18 (33.86 - 40.62) 25.23 (22.00 - 28.76) 41.64 (38.17 - 45.19)
Kansas 39.63 (36.67 - 42.67) 40.02 (36.50 - 43.65) 23.98 (20.62 - 27.70) 42.55 (38.91 - 46.27)
Kentucky 43.02 (40.09 - 46.00) 38.86 (35.40 - 42.43) 25.69 (22.52 - 29.15) 46.27 (42.72 - 49.86)
Louisiana 45.43 (42.27 - 48.62) 38.81 (35.19 - 42.56) 30.45 (26.95 - 34.19) 49.26 (45.35 - 53.17)
Maine 31.73 (28.73 - 34.89) 29.81 (26.51 - 33.33) 13.98 (11.66 - 16.68) 34.48 (30.89 - 38.26)
Maryland 39.64 (36.67 - 42.70) 33.52 (30.06 - 37.16) 24.07 (21.01 - 27.43) 43.04 (39.42 - 46.74)
Massachusetts 27.91 (25.05 - 30.95) 27.09 (23.93 - 30.50) 15.13 (12.67 - 17.97) 30.19 (26.73 - 33.89)
Michigan 35.13 (33.53 - 36.78) 33.68 (31.83 - 35.59) 19.67 (18.09 - 21.35) 37.99 (35.97 - 40.05)
Minnesota 32.56 (29.70 - 35.55) 34.00 (30.59 - 37.58) 17.36 (14.64 - 20.47) 35.08 (31.64 - 38.67)
Mississippi 51.36 (48.08 - 54.64) 45.51 (41.82 - 49.25) 33.96 (30.31 - 37.80) 55.49 (51.37 - 59.53)
Missouri 38.24 (35.28 - 41.29) 35.70 (32.09 - 39.47) 22.37 (19.60 - 25.41) 41.29 (37.70 - 44.97)
Montana 33.21 (30.46 - 36.07) 32.42 (29.07 - 35.96) 17.12 (14.51 - 20.08) 36.07 (32.75 - 39.53)
Nebraska 43.74 (40.56 - 46.97) 40.81 (37.08 - 44.65) 26.39 (23.00 - 30.08) 47.41 (43.56 - 51.29)
Nevada 36.95 (33.80 - 40.21) 33.84 (30.22 - 37.67) 26.27 (22.79 - 30.07) 38.98 (35.27 - 42.83)
New Hampshire 26.24 (23.53 - 29.15) 25.25 (22.08 - 28.71) 12.14 (9.95 - 14.73) 28.54 (25.27 - 32.05)
New Jersey 40.37 (37.41 - 43.40) 34.10 (30.67 - 37.70) 24.10 (20.99 - 27.50) 43.63 (40.09 - 47.23)
New Mexico 39.53 (36.42 - 42.73) 31.58 (28.12 - 35.25) 23.96 (20.85 - 27.37) 43.61 (39.78 - 47.52)
New York 38.15 (36.45 - 39.88) 31.56 (29.70 - 33.49) 23.73 (21.87 - 25.70) 41.53 (39.38 - 43.70)
North Carolina 41.75 (38.52 - 45.05) 33.60 (30.40 - 36.97) 25.01 (22.04 - 28.24) 45.47 (41.53 - 49.47)
North Dakota 39.49 (36.56 - 42.50) 36.77 (33.18 - 40.52) 25.50 (22.42 - 28.83) 43.01 (39.38 - 46.73)
Ohio 38.96 (37.35 - 40.60) 34.70 (32.82 - 36.63) 23.97 (22.30 - 25.71) 42.05 (40.05 - 44.08)
Oklahoma 42.91 (39.50 - 46.39) 36.95 (32.96 - 41.13) 27.02 (23.29 - 31.09) 46.68 (42.51 - 50.89)
Oregon 28.93 (26.22 - 31.80) 29.26 (25.87 - 32.90) 17.40 (14.68 - 20.50) 30.72 (27.53 - 34.11)
Pennsylvania 40.48 (38.93 - 42.05) 36.23 (34.34 - 38.16) 24.17 (22.50 - 25.93) 43.69 (41.78 - 45.61)
Rhode Island 30.89 (28.00 - 33.95) 26.55 (23.39 - 29.97) 15.63 (13.16 - 18.46) 34.28 (30.73 - 38.01)
South Carolina 41.69 (38.68 - 44.76) 34.63 (31.14 - 38.29) 26.33 (23.24 - 29.67) 45.16 (41.51 - 48.86)
South Dakota 37.46 (34.51 - 40.51) 37.02 (33.46 - 40.72) 22.72 (19.55 - 26.24) 40.28 (36.69 - 43.97)
Tennessee 43.42 (40.25 - 46.65) 38.81 (35.41 - 42.32) 26.52 (23.36 - 29.93) 46.65 (42.80 - 50.54)
Texas 43.90 (42.24 - 45.57) 37.50 (35.60 - 39.45) 30.36 (28.40 - 32.39) 47.48 (45.37 - 49.60)
Utah 43.09 (40.25 - 45.97) 44.83 (40.92 - 48.80) 31.94 (28.37 - 35.73) 45.71 (42.02 - 49.44)
Vermont 28.09 (25.37 - 30.99) 25.92 (22.87 - 29.22) 13.15 (10.92 - 15.76) 30.84 (27.51 - 34.37)
Virginia 36.93 (33.97 - 40.00) 33.80 (30.43 - 37.35) 21.05 (18.06 - 24.39) 39.97 (36.39 - 43.66)
Washington 27.18 (24.52 - 30.01) 28.54 (25.34 - 31.98) 18.57 (16.00 - 21.45) 28.41 (25.22 - 31.83)
West Virginia 43.55 (40.49 - 46.66) 39.33 (35.89 - 42.89) 25.81 (22.58 - 29.32) 46.65 (43.01 - 50.33)
Wisconsin 36.69 (33.77 - 39.71) 34.08 (30.77 - 37.54) 20.11 (17.32 - 23.23) 39.92 (36.36 - 43.59)
Wyoming 35.96 (33.06 - 38.96) 35.66 (31.90 - 39.61) 18.93 (16.20 - 21.99) 39.08 (35.51 - 42.77)
90309
Table B.5 First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Average Annual Rates Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group–specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 1.61   5.56   6.28   0.11  
Northeast 1.68 (1.60 - 1.77) 5.94 (5.61 - 6.30) 7.09 (6.56 - 7.67) 0.10 (0.07 - 0.15)
Midwest 1.73 (1.66 - 1.81) 5.68 (5.40 - 5.97) 6.90 (6.47 - 7.37) 0.11 (0.08 - 0.16)
South 1.47 (1.41 - 1.54) 5.31 (5.04 - 5.59) 5.66 (5.30 - 6.03) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.16)
West 1.69 (1.59 - 1.79) 5.56 (5.19 - 5.96) 6.11 (5.58 - 6.68) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.18)
Alabama 1.33 (1.15 - 1.55) 5.01 (4.17 - 6.01) 4.84 (3.88 - 6.02) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Alaska 2.30 (1.96 - 2.69) 5.88 (4.86 - 7.09) 7.63 (6.06 - 9.55) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.26)
Arizona 1.59 (1.36 - 1.85) 5.45 (4.50 - 6.59) 5.88 (4.68 - 7.36) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.19)
Arkansas 1.57 (1.37 - 1.79) 5.75 (4.89 - 6.76) 6.57 (5.33 - 8.07) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
California 1.61 (1.47 - 1.76) 5.26 (4.72 - 5.85) 5.82 (5.08 - 6.67) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.18)
Colorado 2.33 (2.01 - 2.71) 7.84 (6.66 - 9.21) 8.70 (6.95 - 10.85) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.27)
Connecticut 1.92 (1.67 - 2.21) 6.67 (5.67 - 7.82) 8.53 (6.84 - 10.58) 0.10 (0.07 - 0.17)
Delaware 1.61 (1.39 - 1.86) 5.06 (4.20 - 6.10) 7.65 (6.18 - 9.45) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
District of Columbia 2.23 (1.91 - 2.60) 6.04 (5.03 - 7.24) 8.94 (7.17 - 11.09) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.31)
Florida 1.34 (1.23 - 1.47) 5.49 (4.94 - 6.10) 5.91 (5.18 - 6.74) 0.09 (0.06 - 0.15)
Georgia 1.55 (1.34 - 1.79) 4.88 (4.04 - 5.89) 6.15 (4.99 - 7.56) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
Hawaii 1.78 (1.50 - 2.10) 6.36 (5.20 - 7.76) 7.78 (6.10 - 9.86) 0.09 (0.04 - 0.22)
Idaho 1.53 (1.32 - 1.76) 4.91 (4.11 - 5.85) 4.91 (3.89 - 6.18) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.20)
Illinois 1.62 (1.49 - 1.77) 5.39 (4.88 - 5.96) 6.34 (5.54 - 7.25) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Indiana 1.80 (1.56 - 2.07) 5.95 (5.02 - 7.04) 7.63 (6.23 - 9.32) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Iowa 1.53 (1.33 - 1.76) 5.37 (4.52 - 6.37) 5.64 (4.54 - 6.99) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Kansas 1.54 (1.32 - 1.79) 4.84 (4.04 - 5.79) 6.16 (4.87 - 7.77) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Kentucky 1.73 (1.51 - 1.99) 6.67 (5.69 - 7.81) 7.38 (5.96 - 9.11) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Louisiana 1.68 (1.45 - 1.94) 5.56 (4.63 - 6.65) 6.03 (4.89 - 7.43) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Maine 1.98 (1.71 - 2.28) 6.97 (5.89 - 8.22) 10.42 (8.48 - 12.75) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Maryland 1.72 (1.50 - 1.98) 5.60 (4.73 - 6.61) 7.26 (5.91 - 8.90) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
Massachusetts 2.12 (1.84 - 2.44) 7.15 (6.06 - 8.42) 8.97 (7.25 - 11.07) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.19)
Michigan 1.90 (1.74 - 2.06) 5.78 (5.25 - 6.36) 7.83 (6.92 - 8.86) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.18)
Minnesota 1.86 (1.61 - 2.16) 5.52 (4.62 - 6.59) 7.59 (6.10 - 9.41) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.18)
Mississippi 1.29 (1.11 - 1.49) 4.23 (3.51 - 5.09) 4.71 (3.77 - 5.87) 0.11 (0.06 - 0.19)
Missouri 1.60 (1.39 - 1.85) 5.16 (4.29 - 6.19) 6.58 (5.33 - 8.10) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Montana 1.98 (1.71 - 2.28) 6.48 (5.47 - 7.67) 8.55 (6.89 - 10.56) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Nebraska 1.42 (1.21 - 1.66) 4.65 (3.84 - 5.62) 5.57 (4.44 - 6.97) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
Nevada 1.53 (1.31 - 1.79) 5.52 (4.55 - 6.68) 5.17 (4.07 - 6.55) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
New Hampshire 2.28 (1.97 - 2.65) 6.33 (5.32 - 7.52) 10.94 (8.76 - 13.58) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.21)
New Jersey 1.37 (1.19 - 1.57) 5.33 (4.49 - 6.31) 5.75 (4.61 - 7.17) 0.09 (0.06 - 0.16)
New Mexico 1.97 (1.70 - 2.27) 7.44 (6.28 - 8.80) 8.04 (6.39 - 10.06) 0.10 (0.05 - 0.20)
New York 1.64 (1.51 - 1.79) 5.73 (5.18 - 6.34) 6.63 (5.80 - 7.56) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
North Carolina 1.40 (1.22 - 1.62) 5.31 (4.47 - 6.30) 5.42 (4.38 - 6.69) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
North Dakota 1.65 (1.42 - 1.91) 5.17 (4.32 - 6.17) 6.19 (4.99 - 7.66) 0.09 (0.06 - 0.15)
Ohio 1.85 (1.70 - 2.00) 6.45 (5.88 - 7.07) 7.03 (6.20 - 7.95) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.17)
Oklahoma 1.49 (1.27 - 1.74) 4.99 (4.13 - 6.02) 5.62 (4.41 - 7.14) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Oregon 1.98 (1.71 - 2.30) 6.66 (5.63 - 7.87) 8.10 (6.50 - 10.06) 0.13 (0.09 - 0.21)
Pennsylvania 1.56 (1.43 - 1.69) 5.54 (5.02 - 6.11) 6.57 (5.80 - 7.44) 0.09 (0.06 - 0.14)
Rhode Island 2.42 (2.08 - 2.81) 7.61 (6.42 - 8.99) 10.89 (8.65 - 13.62) 0.12 (0.07 - 0.21)
South Carolina 1.43 (1.24 - 1.65) 4.97 (4.14 - 5.96) 6.05 (4.88 - 7.48) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.17)
South Dakota 1.54 (1.34 - 1.78) 4.69 (3.91 - 5.61) 6.25 (5.05 - 7.71) 0.10 (0.06 - 0.16)
Tennessee 1.49 (1.29 - 1.72) 5.56 (4.70 - 6.57) 5.78 (4.65 - 7.16) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Texas 1.42 (1.29 - 1.56) 5.14 (4.62 - 5.72) 4.47 (3.87 - 5.16) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Utah 1.21 (1.01 - 1.46) 3.43 (2.71 - 4.33) 3.31 (2.51 - 4.35) 0.14 (0.07 - 0.29)
Vermont 2.53 (2.21 - 2.90) 8.13 (6.91 - 9.55) 11.50 (9.42 - 13.98) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.19)
Virginia 1.62 (1.40 - 1.87) 5.54 (4.66 - 6.57) 6.73 (5.42 - 8.32) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.18)
Washington 1.75 (1.51 - 2.03) 5.56 (4.66 - 6.62) 6.85 (5.55 - 8.43) 0.12 (0.08 - 0.20)
West Virginia 1.30 (1.13 - 1.50) 5.23 (4.38 - 6.24) 6.48 (5.24 - 7.97) 0.09 (0.05 - 0.16)
Wisconsin 1.77 (1.55 - 2.02) 6.11 (5.20 - 7.17) 7.41 (6.04 - 9.06) 0.11 (0.07 - 0.17)
Wyoming 2.15 (1.88 - 2.46) 6.64 (5.68 - 7.76) 9.05 (7.38 - 11.06) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.20)
90309
Table B.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 3.82   4.80   8.47   2.89  
Northeast 3.46 (3.16 - 3.80) 4.11 (3.72 - 4.55) 7.95 (7.32 - 8.62) 2.64 (2.29 - 3.03)
Midwest 3.60 (3.37 - 3.84) 4.71 (4.36 - 5.08) 8.38 (7.89 - 8.91) 2.61 (2.35 - 2.89)
South 3.92 (3.68 - 4.18) 5.07 (4.71 - 5.47) 8.52 (8.03 - 9.04) 2.99 (2.71 - 3.29)
West 4.18 (3.84 - 4.55) 5.00 (4.51 - 5.54) 8.88 (8.18 - 9.64) 3.21 (2.81 - 3.66)
Alabama 3.89 (3.09 - 4.89) 5.38 (4.22 - 6.85) 8.59 (6.87 - 10.68) 2.89 (2.07 - 4.03)
Alaska 3.86 (3.02 - 4.93) 4.57 (3.55 - 5.88) 8.69 (6.76 - 11.10) 2.84 (2.01 - 4.02)
Arizona 5.52 (4.37 - 6.96) 6.10 (4.73 - 7.84) 11.21 (8.89 - 14.05) 4.46 (3.24 - 6.12)
Arkansas 4.88 (3.95 - 6.02) 6.15 (4.84 - 7.78) 10.96 (8.83 - 13.52) 3.70 (2.74 - 4.98)
California 4.00 (3.50 - 4.56) 4.70 (4.00 - 5.52) 8.35 (7.32 - 9.51) 3.07 (2.50 - 3.76)
Colorado 4.56 (3.57 - 5.79) 5.64 (4.41 - 7.18) 9.74 (7.75 - 12.17) 3.54 (2.53 - 4.94)
Connecticut 3.23 (2.50 - 4.16) 4.02 (3.12 - 5.18) 7.95 (6.23 - 10.11) 2.40 (1.66 - 3.44)
Delaware 3.79 (2.95 - 4.86) 4.48 (3.47 - 5.75) 8.16 (6.48 - 10.22) 2.96 (2.10 - 4.17)
District of Columbia 4.81 (3.74 - 6.16) 4.57 (3.52 - 5.92) 7.63 (5.90 - 9.83) 4.22 (3.06 - 5.80)
Florida 3.87 (3.37 - 4.43) 5.27 (4.50 - 6.17) 9.22 (8.14 - 10.42) 2.91 (2.38 - 3.56)
Georgia 3.31 (2.56 - 4.26) 4.21 (3.27 - 5.40) 7.23 (5.62 - 9.26) 2.51 (1.75 - 3.57)
Hawaii 2.78 (2.06 - 3.75) 4.10 (3.06 - 5.47) 6.39 (4.80 - 8.46) 2.07 (1.34 - 3.16)
Idaho 3.37 (2.64 - 4.28) 4.60 (3.57 - 5.91) 7.20 (5.64 - 9.15) 2.47 (1.75 - 3.49)
Illinois 3.31 (2.86 - 3.82) 4.32 (3.68 - 5.07) 7.43 (6.46 - 8.54) 2.43 (1.93 - 3.05)
Indiana 4.05 (3.23 - 5.05) 5.20 (4.12 - 6.56) 9.27 (7.52 - 11.38) 2.97 (2.14 - 4.11)
Iowa 2.57 (1.97 - 3.35) 3.80 (2.87 - 5.02) 6.12 (4.65 - 8.01) 1.77 (1.19 - 2.61)
Kansas 3.73 (2.91 - 4.78) 5.33 (4.18 - 6.77) 8.29 (6.47 - 10.57) 2.65 (1.85 - 3.78)
Kentucky 3.92 (3.16 - 4.87) 5.15 (4.05 - 6.51) 10.13 (8.27 - 12.36) 2.79 (2.04 - 3.82)
Louisiana 4.71 (3.75 - 5.91) 5.60 (4.42 - 7.08) 8.98 (7.17 - 11.20) 3.76 (2.74 - 5.13)
Maine 3.29 (2.60 - 4.16) 4.73 (3.68 - 6.06) 9.08 (7.29 - 11.24) 2.30 (1.63 - 3.24)
Maryland 3.47 (2.72 - 4.41) 4.31 (3.35 - 5.54) 7.43 (5.91 - 9.29) 2.70 (1.93 - 3.77)
Massachusetts 4.09 (3.24 - 5.15) 4.55 (3.53 - 5.85) 9.98 (7.99 - 12.39) 3.03 (2.16 - 4.22)
Michigan 3.85 (3.38 - 4.38) 4.86 (4.18 - 5.64) 9.12 (8.04 - 10.33) 2.81 (2.29 - 3.43)
Minnesota 3.23 (2.51 - 4.15) 4.58 (3.57 - 5.86) 7.69 (6.03 - 9.76) 2.26 (1.55 - 3.28)
Mississippi 3.73 (2.94 - 4.72) 4.45 (3.46 - 5.71) 8.38 (6.59 - 10.59) 2.75 (1.94 - 3.88)
Missouri 4.15 (3.33 - 5.16) 5.21 (4.09 - 6.60) 9.74 (7.93 - 11.91) 3.06 (2.22 - 4.20)
Montana 3.85 (3.07 - 4.81) 5.49 (4.28 - 7.01) 9.28 (7.39 - 11.60) 2.71 (1.95 - 3.74)
Nebraska 3.22 (2.51 - 4.12) 4.05 (3.11 - 5.26) 7.56 (5.89 - 9.66) 2.29 (1.60 - 3.26)
Nevada 4.14 (3.22 - 5.30) 5.08 (3.94 - 6.52) 9.23 (7.33 - 11.57) 3.24 (2.30 - 4.54)
New Hampshire 3.51 (2.78 - 4.40) 4.40 (3.42 - 5.63) 9.76 (7.85 - 12.07) 2.43 (1.72 - 3.42)
New Jersey 3.00 (2.30 - 3.90) 3.82 (2.92 - 4.97) 6.91 (5.35 - 8.89) 2.30 (1.60 - 3.30)
New Mexico 3.92 (3.07 - 4.98) 5.37 (4.13 - 6.94) 9.03 (7.15 - 11.35) 2.75 (1.91 - 3.94)
New York 3.61 (3.06 - 4.25) 3.90 (3.25 - 4.68) 7.27 (6.23 - 8.46) 2.92 (2.31 - 3.70)
North Carolina 3.59 (2.83 - 4.56) 4.63 (3.64 - 5.88) 8.35 (6.72 - 10.32) 2.70 (1.92 - 3.78)
North Dakota 2.57 (1.95 - 3.37) 3.77 (2.86 - 4.96) 5.93 (4.52 - 7.73) 1.65 (1.07 - 2.54)
Ohio 3.45 (3.02 - 3.94) 4.62 (3.98 - 5.35) 8.49 (7.52 - 9.57) 2.45 (1.97 - 3.04)
Oklahoma 4.59 (3.54 - 5.92) 5.72 (4.46 - 7.31) 9.50 (7.44 - 12.07) 3.52 (2.46 - 5.02)
Oregon 4.23 (3.37 - 5.31) 5.67 (4.46 - 7.17) 9.54 (7.64 - 11.85) 3.22 (2.34 - 4.42)
Pennsylvania 3.11 (2.70 - 3.58) 4.18 (3.55 - 4.91) 7.67 (6.71 - 8.76) 2.23 (1.78 - 2.78)
Rhode Island 5.51 (4.41 - 6.86) 5.78 (4.51 - 7.38) 12.70 (10.29 - 15.56) 4.14 (2.99 - 5.70)
South Carolina 3.19 (2.50 - 4.06) 4.49 (3.48 - 5.77) 7.81 (6.22 - 9.76) 2.26 (1.58 - 3.22)
South Dakota 2.55 (1.95 - 3.32) 3.82 (2.88 - 5.05) 6.24 (4.74 - 8.17) 1.68 (1.11 - 2.53)
Tennessee 5.19 (4.13 - 6.50) 5.74 (4.52 - 7.26) 10.94 (8.84 - 13.48) 4.22 (3.09 - 5.75)
Texas 3.96 (3.45 - 4.55) 5.37 (4.62 - 6.24) 7.32 (6.32 - 8.46) 3.10 (2.53 - 3.81)
Utah 3.43 (2.68 - 4.39) 4.24 (3.20 - 5.59) 7.06 (5.50 - 9.02) 2.34 (1.62 - 3.39)
Vermont 4.14 (3.34 - 5.13) 4.82 (3.76 - 6.17) 11.90 (9.76 - 14.43) 2.78 (1.99 - 3.85)
Virginia 3.63 (2.87 - 4.58) 4.76 (3.76 - 6.03) 9.22 (7.36 - 11.49) 2.56 (1.82 - 3.59)
Washington 4.56 (3.63 - 5.70) 5.35 (4.22 - 6.76) 10.46 (8.50 - 12.81) 3.49 (2.53 - 4.80)
West Virginia 4.16 (3.32 - 5.20) 5.04 (3.98 - 6.38) 10.87 (8.87 - 13.25) 3.07 (2.22 - 4.22)
Wisconsin 4.22 (3.35 - 5.30) 5.13 (4.06 - 6.46) 9.54 (7.69 - 11.78) 3.18 (2.28 - 4.40)
Wyoming 3.87 (3.13 - 4.79) 4.88 (3.88 - 6.11) 9.49 (7.73 - 11.60) 2.72 (1.98 - 3.74)
90309
Table B.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.39   1.57   6.63   1.77  
Northeast 2.46 (2.21 - 2.74) 1.38 (1.16 - 1.64) 6.92 (6.33 - 7.57) 1.86 (1.58 - 2.19)
Midwest 2.24 (2.05 - 2.45) 1.46 (1.28 - 1.67) 6.40 (5.96 - 6.88) 1.62 (1.40 - 1.87)
South 2.35 (2.15 - 2.57) 1.56 (1.37 - 1.78) 6.33 (5.90 - 6.80) 1.78 (1.55 - 2.05)
West 2.53 (2.28 - 2.82) 1.81 (1.54 - 2.14) 7.08 (6.46 - 7.75) 1.81 (1.53 - 2.14)
Alabama 2.01 (1.49 - 2.71) 1.34 (0.90 - 1.99) 5.01 (3.79 - 6.59) 1.59 (1.06 - 2.38)
Alaska 2.76 (2.05 - 3.71) 1.43 (0.94 - 2.17) 7.84 (5.96 - 10.25) 2.02 (1.31 - 3.12)
Arizona 3.18 (2.42 - 4.18) 2.50 (1.67 - 3.71) 8.76 (6.75 - 11.30) 2.31 (1.56 - 3.41)
Arkansas 2.22 (1.70 - 2.91) 1.49 (1.02 - 2.18) 6.79 (5.23 - 8.78) 1.56 (1.06 - 2.30)
California 2.43 (2.08 - 2.84) 1.70 (1.31 - 2.19) 6.62 (5.70 - 7.68) 1.74 (1.37 - 2.22)
Colorado 3.15 (2.44 - 4.07) 2.10 (1.43 - 3.06) 8.89 (6.99 - 11.26) 2.32 (1.61 - 3.33)
Connecticut 2.41 (1.81 - 3.19) 1.75 (1.20 - 2.56) 7.59 (5.82 - 9.84) 1.69 (1.12 - 2.54)
Delaware 2.50 (1.88 - 3.31) 1.33 (0.89 - 1.98) 6.33 (4.81 - 8.28) 2.01 (1.37 - 2.92)
District of Columbia 5.10 (3.86 - 6.72) 0.79 (0.48 - 1.29) 5.85 (4.32 - 7.89) 5.38 (3.86 - 7.45)
Florida 2.30 (1.95 - 2.73) 1.65 (1.28 - 2.13) 6.95 (6.01 - 8.02) 1.69 (1.31 - 2.17)
Georgia 2.57 (1.89 - 3.49) 1.49 (1.01 - 2.19) 5.78 (4.38 - 7.59) 2.17 (1.45 - 3.24)
Hawaii 1.95 (1.41 - 2.70) 1.25 (0.78 - 1.99) 5.59 (4.09 - 7.59) 1.48 (0.94 - 2.33)
Idaho 1.73 (1.30 - 2.31) 1.39 (0.90 - 2.12) 5.96 (4.48 - 7.89) 1.00 (0.64 - 1.58)
Illinois 2.38 (2.00 - 2.82) 1.49 (1.15 - 1.93) 6.29 (5.39 - 7.33) 1.80 (1.40 - 2.31)
Indiana 2.19 (1.69 - 2.85) 1.41 (0.97 - 2.06) 6.37 (4.96 - 8.16) 1.57 (1.07 - 2.30)
Iowa 1.78 (1.34 - 2.37) 1.43 (0.96 - 2.14) 5.69 (4.29 - 7.52) 1.12 (0.73 - 1.72)
Kansas 2.24 (1.70 - 2.94) 1.75 (1.19 - 2.56) 6.71 (5.03 - 8.90) 1.45 (0.97 - 2.17)
Kentucky 2.12 (1.63 - 2.76) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.22) 6.99 (5.42 - 8.96) 1.43 (0.97 - 2.11)
Louisiana 2.57 (1.91 - 3.43) 1.09 (0.71 - 1.66) 6.12 (4.69 - 7.95) 2.09 (1.40 - 3.10)
Maine 2.25 (1.73 - 2.92) 1.53 (1.03 - 2.26) 8.11 (6.36 - 10.27) 1.50 (1.00 - 2.23)
Maryland 2.35 (1.74 - 3.17) 1.35 (0.90 - 2.03) 5.75 (4.34 - 7.58) 1.92 (1.30 - 2.85)
Massachusetts 2.99 (2.30 - 3.87) 1.54 (1.03 - 2.29) 8.32 (6.46 - 10.64) 2.25 (1.56 - 3.25)
Michigan 2.03 (1.70 - 2.42) 1.15 (0.85 - 1.55) 6.18 (5.34 - 7.15) 1.44 (1.09 - 1.90)
Minnesota 2.28 (1.71 - 3.02) 1.72 (1.18 - 2.51) 6.00 (4.52 - 7.91) 1.69 (1.12 - 2.52)
Mississippi 1.63 (1.14 - 2.34) 0.81 (0.49 - 1.31) 3.69 (2.65 - 5.12) 1.37 (0.85 - 2.20)
Missouri 2.19 (1.65 - 2.89) 1.57 (1.08 - 2.28) 6.03 (4.56 - 7.94) 1.61 (1.08 - 2.39)
Montana 2.32 (1.81 - 2.98) 1.44 (0.96 - 2.14) 8.17 (6.41 - 10.37) 1.43 (0.98 - 2.09)
Nebraska 1.90 (1.41 - 2.55) 1.21 (0.78 - 1.87) 5.81 (4.39 - 7.66) 1.25 (0.80 - 1.94)
Nevada 2.38 (1.77 - 3.19) 2.05 (1.38 - 3.03) 6.66 (5.05 - 8.73) 1.77 (1.17 - 2.65)
New Hampshire 2.58 (2.00 - 3.32) 1.74 (1.19 - 2.55) 9.15 (7.28 - 11.45) 1.68 (1.14 - 2.46)
New Jersey 1.88 (1.37 - 2.58) 1.29 (0.84 - 1.97) 5.56 (4.13 - 7.46) 1.40 (0.91 - 2.15)
New Mexico 2.78 (2.07 - 3.72) 2.19 (1.43 - 3.33) 7.71 (5.82 - 10.14) 1.94 (1.26 - 2.98)
New York 2.77 (2.32 - 3.30) 1.31 (0.97 - 1.77) 7.09 (6.08 - 8.25) 2.19 (1.69 - 2.84)
North Carolina 2.41 (1.83 - 3.18) 1.25 (0.84 - 1.88) 6.83 (5.33 - 8.72) 1.86 (1.26 - 2.72)
North Dakota 1.73 (1.25 - 2.38) 1.29 (0.81 - 2.04) 4.75 (3.48 - 6.45) 1.10 (0.68 - 1.80)
Ohio 2.52 (2.15 - 2.94) 1.46 (1.12 - 1.90) 7.31 (6.39 - 8.36) 1.85 (1.45 - 2.36)
Oklahoma 1.86 (1.37 - 2.53) 1.45 (0.97 - 2.16) 5.25 (3.84 - 7.14) 1.29 (0.84 - 1.97)
Oregon 2.36 (1.81 - 3.07) 1.98 (1.36 - 2.86) 6.68 (5.17 - 8.60) 1.72 (1.18 - 2.49)
Pennsylvania 1.98 (1.65 - 2.37) 1.25 (0.94 - 1.67) 5.77 (4.96 - 6.72) 1.45 (1.10 - 1.92)
Rhode Island 4.11 (3.13 - 5.37) 2.09 (1.37 - 3.17) 10.11 (8.05 - 12.64) 3.24 (2.19 - 4.78)
South Carolina 2.07 (1.56 - 2.74) 1.17 (0.79 - 1.72) 5.72 (4.41 - 7.39) 1.59 (1.07 - 2.34)
South Dakota 1.73 (1.28 - 2.34) 1.19 (0.78 - 1.81) 5.49 (4.10 - 7.31) 1.10 (0.69 - 1.75)
Tennessee 2.75 (2.12 - 3.57) 1.51 (1.02 - 2.24) 8.24 (6.49 - 10.41) 2.04 (1.42 - 2.94)
Texas 2.31 (1.94 - 2.73) 2.04 (1.58 - 2.62) 5.79 (4.90 - 6.84) 1.67 (1.28 - 2.18)
Utah 2.26 (1.71 - 3.00) 1.36 (0.86 - 2.15) 6.13 (4.64 - 8.04) 1.41 (0.90 - 2.20)
Vermont 2.97 (2.32 - 3.80) 1.61 (1.08 - 2.41) 10.40 (8.38 - 12.84) 1.90 (1.28 - 2.81)
Virginia 2.63 (2.03 - 3.40) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.22) 7.99 (6.23 - 10.19) 1.88 (1.29 - 2.73)
Washington 2.55 (1.97 - 3.29) 1.86 (1.27 - 2.72) 7.76 (6.06 - 9.89) 1.78 (1.23 - 2.57)
West Virginia 2.35 (1.81 - 3.04) 1.61 (1.11 - 2.32) 8.13 (6.34 - 10.37) 1.57 (1.07 - 2.30)
Wisconsin 2.36 (1.81 - 3.08) 1.72 (1.19 - 2.49) 6.87 (5.36 - 8.76) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.45)
Wyoming 2.46 (1.91 - 3.17) 1.61 (1.10 - 2.35) 8.15 (6.43 - 10.29) 1.54 (1.02 - 2.32)
90309
Table B.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 5.09   6.91   12.28   3.59  
Northeast 4.27 (3.96 - 4.59) 5.58 (5.09 - 6.12) 11.21 (10.48 - 11.98) 2.95 (2.63 - 3.31)
Midwest 5.08 (4.83 - 5.35) 6.95 (6.51 - 7.42) 12.75 (12.15 - 13.37) 3.48 (3.20 - 3.79)
South 5.18 (4.92 - 5.45) 7.31 (6.87 - 7.76) 12.22 (11.64 - 12.82) 3.70 (3.40 - 4.02)
West 5.60 (5.22 - 6.00) 7.26 (6.63 - 7.93) 12.74 (11.90 - 13.62) 4.06 (3.63 - 4.55)
Alabama 5.96 (4.94 - 7.19) 8.93 (7.23 - 11.00) 13.80 (11.45 - 16.54) 4.23 (3.20 - 5.57)
Alaska 5.08 (4.09 - 6.29) 7.22 (5.69 - 9.13) 10.78 (8.68 - 13.32) 3.66 (2.70 - 4.96)
Arizona 6.50 (5.33 - 7.92) 8.79 (7.05 - 10.91) 14.18 (11.74 - 17.02) 4.86 (3.66 - 6.43)
Arkansas 7.29 (6.11 - 8.68) 9.23 (7.52 - 11.30) 17.93 (15.22 - 21.01) 5.26 (4.05 - 6.82)
California 5.35 (4.77 - 5.99) 6.58 (5.69 - 7.59) 12.02 (10.77 - 13.40) 3.90 (3.26 - 4.67)
Colorado 5.51 (4.51 - 6.71) 7.52 (6.04 - 9.34) 12.92 (10.64 - 15.61) 4.00 (3.02 - 5.27)
Connecticut 4.21 (3.39 - 5.22) 5.19 (4.02 - 6.68) 12.23 (9.98 - 14.91) 2.84 (2.07 - 3.87)
Delaware 4.77 (3.86 - 5.88) 6.51 (5.20 - 8.13) 12.00 (9.78 - 14.63) 3.33 (2.44 - 4.53)
District of Columbia 4.00 (3.15 - 5.07) 4.29 (3.24 - 5.66) 8.90 (7.01 - 11.23) 2.91 (2.09 - 4.04)
Florida 4.67 (4.15 - 5.25) 7.19 (6.31 - 8.18) 12.14 (10.90 - 13.50) 3.27 (2.72 - 3.93)
Georgia 5.23 (4.26 - 6.42) 6.79 (5.41 - 8.49) 11.64 (9.57 - 14.09) 3.90 (2.91 - 5.21)
Hawaii 3.57 (2.76 - 4.60) 5.10 (3.82 - 6.77) 8.71 (6.77 - 11.14) 2.59 (1.80 - 3.71)
Idaho 6.04 (5.01 - 7.26) 8.03 (6.49 - 9.89) 13.78 (11.44 - 16.51) 4.31 (3.29 - 5.63)
Illinois 4.28 (3.78 - 4.84) 5.81 (5.00 - 6.73) 10.34 (9.16 - 11.65) 2.98 (2.46 - 3.62)
Indiana 6.22 (5.20 - 7.43) 7.74 (6.29 - 9.50) 15.48 (13.12 - 18.17) 4.39 (3.36 - 5.73)
Iowa 3.88 (3.15 - 4.77) 5.74 (4.56 - 7.21) 10.19 (8.20 - 12.59) 2.49 (1.82 - 3.40)
Kansas 4.86 (3.96 - 5.95) 7.47 (5.97 - 9.31) 11.44 (9.26 - 14.06) 3.25 (2.40 - 4.37)
Kentucky 6.23 (5.22 - 7.43) 8.30 (6.69 - 10.25) 16.33 (13.88 - 19.11) 4.39 (3.36 - 5.71)
Louisiana 6.19 (5.10 - 7.49) 8.33 (6.75 - 10.24) 13.19 (10.93 - 15.84) 4.53 (3.44 - 5.95)
Maine 4.56 (3.70 - 5.62) 6.41 (5.06 - 8.09) 13.76 (11.42 - 16.49) 3.04 (2.21 - 4.16)
Maryland 4.28 (3.48 - 5.25) 5.75 (4.52 - 7.27) 10.91 (8.92 - 13.28) 2.99 (2.22 - 4.02)
Massachusetts 5.65 (4.64 - 6.87) 6.28 (4.91 - 8.01) 15.32 (12.73 - 18.33) 3.93 (2.94 - 5.22)
Michigan 5.66 (5.10 - 6.27) 7.62 (6.70 - 8.66) 13.57 (12.28 - 14.98) 4.03 (3.42 - 4.73)
Minnesota 4.35 (3.53 - 5.36) 5.79 (4.49 - 7.43) 11.41 (9.34 - 13.87) 2.90 (2.13 - 3.95)
Mississippi 4.21 (3.37 - 5.26) 5.49 (4.27 - 7.03) 10.53 (8.51 - 12.96) 2.84 (2.04 - 3.94)
Missouri 5.05 (4.18 - 6.09) 7.25 (5.76 - 9.08) 12.53 (10.38 - 15.07) 3.48 (2.63 - 4.59)
Montana 5.54 (4.61 - 6.64) 8.80 (7.15 - 10.80) 14.07 (11.66 - 16.88) 3.65 (2.77 - 4.81)
Nebraska 3.72 (2.97 - 4.64) 5.02 (3.87 - 6.48) 9.79 (7.87 - 12.11) 2.39 (1.71 - 3.34)
Nevada 6.17 (5.03 - 7.54) 8.20 (6.51 - 10.28) 16.09 (13.42 - 19.18) 4.40 (3.27 - 5.88)
New Hampshire 4.82 (3.94 - 5.89) 6.47 (5.11 - 8.15) 14.41 (12.00 - 17.20) 3.14 (2.30 - 4.26)
New Jersey 3.55 (2.82 - 4.47) 5.05 (3.90 - 6.52) 9.51 (7.56 - 11.89) 2.46 (1.78 - 3.40)
New Mexico 6.07 (4.90 - 7.49) 8.95 (7.10 - 11.21) 12.14 (9.86 - 14.86) 4.50 (3.29 - 6.13)
New York 4.11 (3.61 - 4.67) 5.25 (4.47 - 6.14) 9.99 (8.78 - 11.34) 2.93 (2.40 - 3.57)
North Carolina 4.71 (3.85 - 5.74) 6.68 (5.37 - 8.28) 12.41 (10.42 - 14.73) 3.22 (2.37 - 4.36)
North Dakota 4.14 (3.37 - 5.08) 6.59 (5.21 - 8.30) 9.63 (7.76 - 11.89) 2.58 (1.87 - 3.54)
Ohio 5.57 (5.03 - 6.17) 7.59 (6.70 - 8.60) 15.40 (14.10 - 16.80) 3.65 (3.07 - 4.35)
Oklahoma 6.98 (5.74 - 8.47) 9.87 (7.91 - 12.25) 15.24 (12.73 - 18.14) 5.06 (3.80 - 6.70)
Oregon 5.37 (4.43 - 6.50) 7.29 (5.76 - 9.19) 14.90 (12.48 - 17.70) 3.63 (2.73 - 4.82)
Pennsylvania 4.03 (3.56 - 4.56) 5.94 (5.16 - 6.83) 10.62 (9.44 - 11.93) 2.71 (2.22 - 3.31)
Rhode Island 6.09 (5.03 - 7.37) 6.45 (5.04 - 8.21) 16.29 (13.60 - 19.38) 4.15 (3.12 - 5.50)
South Carolina 4.65 (3.81 - 5.66) 6.35 (5.05 - 7.95) 12.78 (10.65 - 15.28) 3.08 (2.27 - 4.16)
South Dakota 3.41 (2.71 - 4.29) 4.94 (3.78 - 6.43) 9.09 (7.27 - 11.30) 2.14 (1.49 - 3.06)
Tennessee 6.94 (5.75 - 8.36) 9.09 (7.44 - 11.07) 15.79 (13.28 - 18.66) 5.29 (4.03 - 6.91)
Texas 4.72 (4.20 - 5.31) 7.06 (6.14 - 8.10) 9.57 (8.44 - 10.83) 3.43 (2.85 - 4.13)
Utah 5.24 (4.31 - 6.35) 6.70 (5.23 - 8.54) 10.70 (8.66 - 13.16) 3.55 (2.65 - 4.74)
Vermont 4.76 (3.93 - 5.76) 6.56 (5.21 - 8.22) 13.92 (11.66 - 16.53) 3.03 (2.23 - 4.10)
Virginia 5.07 (4.14 - 6.18) 7.07 (5.71 - 8.73) 12.65 (10.37 - 15.34) 3.55 (2.65 - 4.75)
Washington 6.52 (5.40 - 7.86) 8.92 (7.26 - 10.92) 15.02 (12.61 - 17.79) 4.82 (3.66 - 6.33)
West Virginia 5.14 (4.25 - 6.21) 7.19 (5.78 - 8.89) 15.09 (12.67 - 17.87) 3.44 (2.58 - 4.57)
Wisconsin 5.82 (4.81 - 7.01) 8.18 (6.63 - 10.05) 14.15 (11.82 - 16.84) 4.05 (3.06 - 5.34)
Wyoming 4.91 (4.03 - 5.96) 7.74 (6.20 - 9.62) 12.38 (10.25 - 14.87) 3.18 (2.34 - 4.32)
90309
Table B.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 51.04   16.28   61.58   53.87  
Northeast 56.00 (54.98 - 57.02) 18.26 (17.36 - 19.19) 66.54 (65.25 - 67.81) 59.03 (57.77 - 60.27)
Midwest 53.92 (53.07 - 54.78) 17.02 (16.35 - 17.71) 66.77 (65.68 - 67.84) 56.65 (55.61 - 57.68)
South 47.06 (46.21 - 47.91) 15.13 (14.54 - 15.73) 57.45 (56.34 - 58.56) 49.54 (48.51 - 50.57)
West 50.54 (49.46 - 51.61) 15.86 (15.02 - 16.74) 59.14 (57.71 - 60.54) 53.85 (52.50 - 55.20)
Alabama 39.84 (36.86 - 42.89) 14.93 (12.80 - 17.35) 52.05 (48.17 - 55.90) 41.04 (37.40 - 44.79)
Alaska 53.89 (50.74 - 57.02) 15.00 (12.88 - 17.40) 61.20 (57.15 - 65.11) 58.84 (54.89 - 62.69)
Arizona 51.82 (48.67 - 54.96) 16.48 (14.18 - 19.07) 58.62 (54.63 - 62.50) 55.52 (51.67 - 59.30)
Arkansas 43.64 (40.40 - 46.94) 17.03 (14.81 - 19.51) 54.85 (50.94 - 58.71) 45.26 (41.32 - 49.26)
California 49.56 (47.89 - 51.23) 15.53 (14.27 - 16.89) 58.58 (56.46 - 60.67) 52.83 (50.68 - 54.96)
Colorado 59.86 (56.81 - 62.83) 17.90 (15.61 - 20.46) 69.41 (65.76 - 72.83) 63.57 (59.84 - 67.15)
Connecticut 62.17 (59.04 - 65.20) 19.60 (17.15 - 22.30) 71.91 (68.05 - 75.48) 66.21 (62.39 - 69.83)
Delaware 54.09 (50.77 - 57.39) 15.66 (13.50 - 18.09) 65.46 (61.61 - 69.12) 57.13 (53.05 - 61.10)
District of Columbia 59.28 (56.17 - 62.31) 14.07 (11.96 - 16.48) 71.42 (67.55 - 74.99) 61.26 (57.45 - 64.94)
Florida 52.67 (50.88 - 54.46) 16.73 (15.30 - 18.26) 59.30 (57.23 - 61.34) 55.85 (53.65 - 58.02)
Georgia 46.36 (43.28 - 49.47) 14.39 (12.36 - 16.68) 53.80 (49.81 - 57.74) 49.61 (45.81 - 53.43)
Hawaii 47.97 (44.55 - 51.41) 13.82 (11.64 - 16.34) 61.05 (57.04 - 64.93) 50.18 (46.00 - 54.35)
Idaho 42.39 (39.27 - 45.58) 14.12 (12.08 - 16.43) 52.03 (48.00 - 56.03) 44.83 (40.96 - 48.76)
Illinois 52.81 (51.06 - 54.55) 16.44 (15.09 - 17.88) 65.28 (63.22 - 67.28) 55.55 (53.35 - 57.72)
Indiana 50.05 (47.01 - 53.09) 14.83 (12.85 - 17.06) 60.78 (57.23 - 64.21) 52.96 (49.14 - 56.73)
Iowa 52.62 (49.61 - 55.61) 17.11 (14.90 - 19.56) 65.85 (62.20 - 69.31) 54.90 (51.13 - 58.61)
Kansas 52.45 (49.24 - 55.63) 18.07 (15.72 - 20.69) 66.45 (62.42 - 70.24) 54.56 (50.62 - 58.45)
Kentucky 41.38 (38.30 - 44.54) 15.98 (13.83 - 18.40) 57.81 (53.99 - 61.54) 42.01 (38.27 - 45.84)
Louisiana 50.01 (46.82 - 53.21) 16.81 (14.53 - 19.36) 60.05 (56.12 - 63.86) 52.77 (48.76 - 56.74)
Maine 53.23 (49.89 - 56.54) 17.74 (15.39 - 20.35) 66.44 (62.74 - 69.94) 55.52 (51.49 - 59.48)
Maryland 54.03 (50.96 - 57.07) 15.65 (13.56 - 17.99) 65.89 (62.04 - 69.53) 57.22 (53.46 - 60.91)
Massachusetts 60.42 (57.32 - 63.44) 18.53 (16.05 - 21.29) 72.03 (68.38 - 75.42) 63.54 (59.75 - 67.18)
Michigan 55.36 (53.73 - 56.99) 16.15 (14.80 - 17.60) 67.68 (65.68 - 69.62) 58.70 (56.64 - 60.73)
Minnesota 60.71 (57.45 - 63.87) 17.23 (14.83 - 19.92) 72.94 (69.30 - 76.29) 64.33 (60.31 - 68.16)
Mississippi 36.95 (34.00 - 39.99) 12.27 (10.39 - 14.43) 47.87 (43.88 - 51.88) 38.53 (34.87 - 42.32)
Missouri 50.39 (47.24 - 53.54) 16.28 (14.03 - 18.83) 63.43 (59.77 - 66.94) 52.67 (48.82 - 56.50)
Montana 55.43 (52.43 - 58.39) 18.81 (16.49 - 21.38) 68.17 (64.58 - 71.57) 57.92 (54.21 - 61.53)
Nebraska 53.17 (49.92 - 56.41) 18.03 (15.78 - 20.52) 68.37 (64.61 - 71.90) 55.06 (50.99 - 59.06)
Nevada 51.89 (48.30 - 55.47) 14.87 (12.65 - 17.40) 59.68 (55.66 - 63.57) 55.57 (51.19 - 59.87)
New Hampshire 61.92 (58.84 - 64.90) 18.12 (15.85 - 20.64) 73.60 (70.15 - 76.78) 65.73 (61.96 - 69.31)
New Jersey 55.13 (51.93 - 58.29) 18.07 (15.69 - 20.73) 65.50 (61.57 - 69.23) 58.34 (54.42 - 62.15)
New Mexico 44.44 (41.10 - 47.83) 16.82 (14.48 - 19.46) 58.88 (54.87 - 62.78) 45.70 (41.58 - 49.88)
New York 55.19 (53.37 - 57.00) 19.05 (17.48 - 20.72) 65.18 (63.05 - 67.26) 58.05 (55.77 - 60.30)
North Carolina 42.21 (38.98 - 45.52) 13.98 (12.04 - 16.17) 53.40 (49.53 - 57.23) 44.05 (40.11 - 48.07)
North Dakota 60.50 (57.26 - 63.65) 21.03 (18.42 - 23.90) 75.74 (72.33 - 78.85) 62.20 (58.01 - 66.22)
Ohio 51.22 (49.54 - 52.90) 18.01 (16.65 - 19.46) 65.98 (64.05 - 67.86) 53.16 (51.04 - 55.26)
Oklahoma 42.52 (39.18 - 45.93) 14.35 (12.13 - 16.89) 55.33 (51.03 - 59.54) 43.96 (39.87 - 48.15)
Oregon 55.72 (52.66 - 58.74) 17.36 (15.00 - 20.01) 61.71 (57.90 - 65.38) 59.44 (55.73 - 63.05)
Pennsylvania 52.68 (50.99 - 54.36) 16.28 (14.97 - 17.67) 63.28 (61.28 - 65.23) 55.53 (53.43 - 57.60)
Rhode Island 63.05 (60.01 - 65.98) 21.62 (19.00 - 24.50) 75.02 (71.42 - 78.30) 66.00 (62.25 - 69.56)
South Carolina 46.80 (43.70 - 49.92) 14.46 (12.41 - 16.79) 57.99 (54.05 - 61.84) 49.19 (45.43 - 52.96)
South Dakota 57.67 (54.61 - 60.68) 18.74 (16.32 - 21.41) 72.44 (68.82 - 75.79) 60.23 (56.40 - 63.95)
Tennessee 40.22 (37.01 - 43.51) 13.43 (11.44 - 15.70) 52.18 (48.19 - 56.14) 41.71 (37.86 - 45.66)
Texas 47.56 (45.89 - 49.24) 14.78 (13.48 - 16.18) 57.75 (55.63 - 59.84) 50.54 (48.41 - 52.67)
Utah 30.85 (27.96 - 33.90) 9.85 (7.93 - 12.19) 35.62 (31.69 - 39.75) 33.22 (29.44 - 37.23)
Vermont 60.05 (56.82 - 63.19) 21.17 (18.52 - 24.09) 71.44 (67.91 - 74.73) 62.92 (58.93 - 66.75)
Virginia 52.86 (49.69 - 56.02) 15.89 (13.76 - 18.27) 65.06 (61.32 - 68.63) 55.57 (51.68 - 59.40)
Washington 54.39 (51.21 - 57.52) 17.87 (15.51 - 20.51) 65.31 (61.74 - 68.72) 57.34 (53.42 - 61.18)
West Virginia 36.98 (33.91 - 40.17) 15.16 (13.05 - 17.55) 54.36 (50.50 - 58.17) 36.85 (33.21 - 40.64)
Wisconsin 61.54 (58.52 - 64.47) 19.52 (17.09 - 22.19) 72.60 (69.20 - 75.75) 65.14 (61.40 - 68.70)
Wyoming 56.22 (53.07 - 59.33) 20.36 (17.88 - 23.10) 70.96 (67.40 - 74.29) 58.27 (54.31 - 62.11)
90309
Table B.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 23.15   10.00   41.99   21.65  
Northeast 23.98 (23.19 - 24.78) 11.12 (10.44 - 11.83) 45.55 (44.29 - 46.81) 22.03 (21.05 - 23.03)
Midwest 25.82 (25.18 - 26.48) 10.63 (10.10 - 11.18) 47.47 (46.48 - 48.47) 24.07 (23.26 - 24.90)
South 21.79 (21.21 - 22.38) 9.06 (8.59 - 9.55) 38.56 (37.61 - 39.52) 20.63 (19.89 - 21.38)
West 22.07 (21.28 - 22.89) 9.99 (9.23 - 10.79) 39.28 (38.03 - 40.54) 20.64 (19.65 - 21.67)
Alabama 18.77 (16.67 - 21.06) 8.59 (7.07 - 10.39) 33.06 (29.58 - 36.72) 17.67 (15.20 - 20.45)
Alaska 22.74 (20.35 - 25.33) 9.52 (7.75 - 11.64) 40.75 (36.62 - 45.00) 21.52 (18.61 - 24.74)
Arizona 22.93 (20.61 - 25.44) 10.27 (8.46 - 12.41) 37.97 (34.12 - 41.99) 22.07 (19.31 - 25.10)
Arkansas 22.31 (20.01 - 24.78) 10.75 (8.85 - 13.00) 39.69 (35.98 - 43.53) 20.92 (18.19 - 23.95)
California 21.56 (20.30 - 22.87) 9.83 (8.70 - 11.10) 38.15 (36.20 - 40.14) 20.13 (18.57 - 21.78)
Colorado 26.15 (23.74 - 28.70) 11.28 (9.55 - 13.27) 48.35 (44.46 - 52.27) 24.27 (21.44 - 27.34)
Connecticut 25.13 (22.80 - 27.61) 13.24 (11.15 - 15.65) 49.85 (45.65 - 54.05) 22.84 (20.11 - 25.82)
Delaware 23.23 (20.94 - 25.70) 8.98 (6.88 - 11.64) 45.01 (41.05 - 49.03) 21.40 (18.67 - 24.42)
District of Columbia 28.64 (26.10 - 31.31) 7.02 (5.32 - 9.21) 48.90 (44.88 - 52.93) 26.44 (23.37 - 29.76)
Florida 23.06 (21.68 - 24.49) 10.29 (9.19 - 11.50) 39.04 (37.07 - 41.04) 22.16 (20.49 - 23.93)
Georgia 21.14 (18.96 - 23.50) 8.15 (6.72 - 9.85) 36.65 (32.83 - 40.65) 20.30 (17.71 - 23.16)
Hawaii 22.94 (20.41 - 25.68) 9.41 (7.58 - 11.62) 42.33 (38.19 - 46.59) 21.64 (18.66 - 24.94)
Idaho 19.78 (17.68 - 22.07) 9.33 (7.70 - 11.25) 39.01 (35.24 - 42.92) 17.79 (15.30 - 20.59)
Illinois 26.16 (24.80 - 27.55) 10.33 (9.25 - 11.53) 46.93 (44.84 - 49.03) 24.60 (22.90 - 26.38)
Indiana 22.34 (20.20 - 24.64) 9.51 (7.93 - 11.36) 41.48 (38.01 - 45.04) 20.73 (18.17 - 23.56)
Iowa 27.49 (24.99 - 30.13) 10.68 (8.93 - 12.71) 49.39 (45.54 - 53.24) 25.73 (22.71 - 29.01)
Kansas 25.41 (23.03 - 27.94) 11.40 (9.57 - 13.53) 49.35 (45.26 - 53.44) 22.81 (19.97 - 25.91)
Kentucky 21.29 (19.15 - 23.60) 9.63 (8.02 - 11.53) 40.68 (36.92 - 44.55) 19.70 (17.18 - 22.50)
Louisiana 24.35 (21.90 - 26.98) 9.77 (8.12 - 11.71) 39.11 (35.59 - 42.75) 23.55 (20.57 - 26.82)
Maine 23.11 (20.74 - 25.65) 10.84 (9.08 - 12.89) 46.18 (42.44 - 49.97) 21.26 (18.48 - 24.34)
Maryland 21.06 (18.87 - 23.43) 9.51 (7.86 - 11.47) 40.15 (36.45 - 43.97) 19.45 (16.87 - 22.32)
Massachusetts 26.67 (24.27 - 29.22) 11.55 (9.70 - 13.71) 52.72 (48.74 - 56.68) 24.06 (21.18 - 27.20)
Michigan 25.16 (23.87 - 26.50) 9.55 (8.54 - 10.67) 45.96 (43.92 - 48.01) 23.77 (22.15 - 25.47)
Minnesota 28.75 (26.22 - 31.42) 11.90 (10.12 - 13.95) 52.61 (48.70 - 56.49) 26.74 (23.69 - 30.04)
Mississippi 18.74 (16.64 - 21.03) 7.08 (5.76 - 8.68) 32.10 (28.58 - 35.83) 17.94 (15.41 - 20.79)
Missouri 24.30 (22.06 - 26.69) 10.31 (8.61 - 12.29) 44.60 (40.90 - 48.37) 22.68 (20.01 - 25.58)
Montana 26.92 (24.51 - 29.48) 13.04 (10.88 - 15.54) 53.41 (49.44 - 57.33) 24.14 (21.30 - 27.24)
Nebraska 24.26 (21.88 - 26.80) 10.77 (9.05 - 12.78) 45.80 (41.85 - 49.80) 22.01 (19.22 - 25.07)
Nevada 24.20 (21.57 - 27.04) 9.90 (8.09 - 12.06) 38.98 (34.92 - 43.19) 23.83 (20.74 - 27.23)
New Hampshire 25.63 (23.25 - 28.15) 11.76 (9.92 - 13.90) 53.67 (49.75 - 57.54) 23.09 (20.29 - 26.14)
New Jersey 22.87 (20.57 - 25.35) 12.09 (10.10 - 14.42) 43.52 (39.53 - 47.61) 21.15 (18.45 - 24.12)
New Mexico 20.85 (18.52 - 23.39) 10.03 (8.28 - 12.10) 39.52 (35.81 - 43.35) 18.90 (16.10 - 22.04)
New York 23.33 (21.97 - 24.75) 10.83 (9.74 - 12.03) 42.67 (40.54 - 44.83) 21.52 (19.85 - 23.29)
North Carolina 20.43 (18.20 - 22.84) 8.04 (6.74 - 9.57) 36.81 (33.37 - 40.39) 19.39 (16.76 - 22.32)
North Dakota 32.02 (29.46 - 34.70) 12.32 (10.27 - 14.72) 58.08 (54.17 - 61.90) 28.69 (25.54 - 32.05)
Ohio 25.32 (24.02 - 26.67) 10.98 (9.91 - 12.15) 47.06 (45.11 - 49.01) 23.58 (21.96 - 25.27)
Oklahoma 21.21 (18.83 - 23.80) 9.03 (7.36 - 11.03) 37.37 (33.31 - 41.61) 19.86 (17.03 - 23.03)
Oregon 21.71 (19.53 - 24.06) 10.20 (8.54 - 12.15) 40.43 (36.80 - 44.17) 20.14 (17.58 - 22.97)
Pennsylvania 23.53 (22.30 - 24.79) 9.79 (8.79 - 10.89) 44.61 (42.65 - 46.58) 21.80 (20.28 - 23.40)
Rhode Island 27.92 (25.34 - 30.65) 12.29 (10.40 - 14.48) 52.01 (47.95 - 56.04) 25.39 (22.30 - 28.75)
South Carolina 21.85 (19.58 - 24.30) 7.65 (6.30 - 9.27) 37.30 (33.75 - 41.01) 21.16 (18.45 - 24.14)
South Dakota 28.34 (26.00 - 30.80) 11.62 (9.71 - 13.86) 53.04 (49.10 - 56.94) 26.01 (23.18 - 29.04)
Tennessee 19.19 (17.11 - 21.46) 8.28 (6.86 - 9.97) 37.06 (33.26 - 41.02) 17.76 (15.30 - 20.51)
Texas 22.79 (21.51 - 24.12) 9.04 (8.08 - 10.11) 39.29 (37.32 - 41.30) 21.68 (20.05 - 23.40)
Utah 15.64 (13.67 - 17.84) 6.57 (5.03 - 8.53) 26.03 (22.61 - 29.77) 14.49 (12.07 - 17.31)
Vermont 25.57 (23.24 - 28.05) 12.80 (10.69 - 15.27) 53.95 (50.14 - 57.71) 22.43 (19.68 - 25.45)
Virginia 22.62 (20.46 - 24.93) 9.77 (8.22 - 11.57) 42.91 (39.01 - 46.90) 20.90 (18.37 - 23.67)
Washington 22.48 (20.28 - 24.84) 10.81 (9.05 - 12.86) 43.40 (39.75 - 47.13) 20.58 (17.98 - 23.46)
West Virginia 18.79 (16.67 - 21.12) 9.16 (7.55 - 11.08) 39.83 (36.02 - 43.77) 16.75 (14.30 - 19.52)
Wisconsin 28.84 (26.37 - 31.44) 12.29 (10.51 - 14.33) 53.29 (49.48 - 57.07) 26.76 (23.78 - 29.96)
Wyoming 26.91 (24.53 - 29.43) 12.68 (10.32 - 15.49) 50.74 (46.86 - 54.61) 24.47 (21.62 - 27.56)
90309
Table B.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 42.13   39.41   33.03   44.07  
Northeast 40.55 (39.57 - 41.53) 38.46 (37.29 - 39.64) 30.88 (29.73 - 32.05) 42.42 (41.20 - 43.64)
Midwest 38.08 (37.32 - 38.84) 37.00 (36.03 - 37.98) 28.04 (27.18 - 28.92) 39.99 (39.04 - 40.95)
South 44.66 (43.86 - 45.46) 41.39 (40.46 - 42.33) 35.73 (34.80 - 36.68) 46.61 (45.61 - 47.61)
West 43.33 (42.31 - 44.35) 39.36 (38.12 - 40.60) 35.28 (34.00 - 36.57) 45.35 (44.05 - 46.66)
Alabama 45.00 (42.03 - 48.00) 41.88 (38.32 - 45.53) 36.05 (32.47 - 39.78) 46.94 (43.28 - 50.64)
Alaska 37.89 (34.96 - 40.91) 37.74 (34.19 - 41.43) 27.61 (23.97 - 31.57) 39.84 (36.21 - 43.59)
Arizona 41.17 (38.07 - 44.35) 35.31 (31.88 - 38.90) 34.42 (30.71 - 38.32) 43.15 (39.37 - 47.02)
Arkansas 40.99 (38.15 - 43.89) 39.32 (36.07 - 42.65) 34.79 (31.09 - 38.68) 42.25 (38.75 - 45.82)
California 45.42 (43.79 - 47.06) 40.68 (38.76 - 42.63) 37.73 (35.71 - 39.79) 47.57 (45.46 - 49.69)
Colorado 37.56 (34.62 - 40.60) 34.52 (31.28 - 37.91) 25.75 (22.58 - 29.20) 39.95 (36.35 - 43.67)
Connecticut 39.11 (36.04 - 42.28) 35.21 (31.96 - 38.60) 29.36 (25.75 - 33.26) 41.14 (37.43 - 44.95)
Delaware 40.57 (37.56 - 43.65) 40.43 (36.94 - 44.01) 32.48 (28.61 - 36.62) 41.95 (38.24 - 45.75)
District of Columbia 43.17 (40.18 - 46.21) 43.17 (39.52 - 46.91) 32.20 (28.32 - 36.34) 45.56 (41.84 - 49.32)
Florida 44.68 (42.94 - 46.44) 40.70 (38.68 - 42.75) 37.93 (36.04 - 39.86) 46.14 (44.00 - 48.30)
Georgia 46.39 (43.25 - 49.57) 43.63 (40.14 - 47.19) 35.50 (31.82 - 39.35) 48.67 (44.78 - 52.58)
Hawaii 43.18 (39.86 - 46.57) 43.09 (39.38 - 46.87) 34.52 (30.75 - 38.49) 44.52 (40.49 - 48.62)
Idaho 42.12 (39.20 - 45.09) 38.97 (35.56 - 42.49) 31.95 (28.47 - 35.65) 44.47 (40.82 - 48.17)
Illinois 40.47 (38.80 - 42.16) 39.45 (37.43 - 41.50) 31.95 (30.01 - 33.96) 42.14 (40.00 - 44.30)
Indiana 37.94 (35.16 - 40.81) 37.38 (34.17 - 40.70) 28.34 (25.42 - 31.45) 39.70 (36.28 - 43.23)
Iowa 36.21 (33.52 - 38.99) 37.46 (34.20 - 40.84) 24.63 (21.66 - 27.87) 38.14 (34.84 - 41.55)
Kansas 38.73 (35.78 - 41.75) 38.00 (34.67 - 41.46) 24.55 (21.25 - 28.19) 41.52 (37.82 - 45.31)
Kentucky 41.57 (38.69 - 44.50) 40.68 (37.19 - 44.26) 31.21 (27.94 - 34.67) 43.31 (39.79 - 46.90)
Louisiana 44.64 (41.46 - 47.86) 43.32 (39.78 - 46.94) 39.40 (35.78 - 43.14) 45.84 (41.87 - 49.86)
Maine 39.43 (36.30 - 42.65) 34.76 (31.50 - 38.16) 23.36 (20.30 - 26.74) 42.26 (38.47 - 46.14)
Maryland 44.08 (41.17 - 47.02) 41.28 (37.98 - 44.66) 35.89 (32.42 - 39.51) 45.81 (42.25 - 49.40)
Massachusetts 35.56 (32.62 - 38.62) 34.16 (30.86 - 37.63) 26.75 (23.63 - 30.11) 37.24 (33.61 - 41.02)
Michigan 38.35 (36.72 - 40.02) 36.78 (34.93 - 38.67) 29.03 (27.25 - 30.88) 40.17 (38.11 - 42.26)
Minnesota 34.84 (32.06 - 37.73) 35.39 (32.10 - 38.82) 25.16 (22.06 - 28.54) 36.49 (33.07 - 40.05)
Mississippi 47.62 (44.61 - 50.65) 46.36 (42.86 - 49.90) 40.60 (36.73 - 44.60) 49.12 (45.35 - 52.91)
Missouri 39.45 (36.55 - 42.43) 35.47 (32.05 - 39.05) 26.85 (23.83 - 30.10) 42.13 (38.56 - 45.78)
Montana 38.83 (35.86 - 41.88) 33.54 (30.36 - 36.88) 27.17 (23.80 - 30.82) 41.51 (37.85 - 45.26)
Nebraska 37.65 (34.59 - 40.80) 37.01 (33.81 - 40.33) 25.98 (22.65 - 29.61) 39.94 (36.16 - 43.85)
Nevada 42.71 (39.54 - 45.94) 38.64 (35.12 - 42.29) 35.27 (31.46 - 39.28) 44.37 (40.53 - 48.29)
New Hampshire 33.21 (30.36 - 36.20) 31.58 (28.47 - 34.87) 20.60 (17.76 - 23.76) 35.36 (31.87 - 39.03)
New Jersey 44.30 (41.31 - 47.33) 40.84 (37.56 - 44.20) 35.52 (31.87 - 39.35) 46.07 (42.40 - 49.78)
New Mexico 47.67 (44.40 - 50.96) 40.03 (36.66 - 43.49) 36.85 (33.21 - 40.65) 50.81 (46.73 - 54.89)
New York 42.70 (40.91 - 44.51) 40.22 (38.17 - 42.31) 32.69 (30.63 - 34.83) 44.78 (42.54 - 47.04)
North Carolina 45.34 (42.18 - 48.55) 40.11 (36.83 - 43.48) 32.99 (29.69 - 36.46) 47.99 (44.09 - 51.92)
North Dakota 35.22 (32.34 - 38.21) 33.97 (30.68 - 37.43) 24.10 (21.08 - 27.40) 37.91 (34.22 - 41.74)
Ohio 38.43 (36.87 - 40.02) 36.62 (34.80 - 38.48) 28.49 (26.76 - 30.28) 40.34 (38.38 - 42.33)
Oklahoma 43.67 (40.43 - 46.96) 39.98 (36.24 - 43.83) 34.07 (30.16 - 38.20) 45.95 (41.95 - 50.01)
Oregon 38.44 (35.58 - 41.38) 36.85 (33.37 - 40.47) 29.97 (26.63 - 33.53) 39.97 (36.50 - 43.55)
Pennsylvania 38.95 (37.32 - 40.60) 38.69 (36.79 - 40.62) 30.22 (28.43 - 32.08) 40.41 (38.38 - 42.48)
Rhode Island 38.24 (35.25 - 41.33) 36.78 (33.42 - 40.27) 27.60 (24.22 - 31.25) 40.41 (36.75 - 44.17)
South Carolina 44.01 (41.01 - 47.05) 41.54 (38.10 - 45.07) 33.98 (30.63 - 37.49) 45.99 (42.28 - 49.74)
South Dakota 35.30 (32.50 - 38.21) 32.80 (29.46 - 36.32) 22.59 (19.54 - 25.97) 38.02 (34.55 - 41.61)
Tennessee 45.58 (42.40 - 48.79) 40.09 (36.83 - 43.45) 33.59 (30.03 - 37.35) 48.14 (44.23 - 52.07)
Texas 45.14 (43.46 - 46.82) 41.71 (39.72 - 43.74) 37.15 (35.13 - 39.22) 47.20 (45.04 - 49.36)
Utah 49.54 (46.32 - 52.77) 50.15 (45.99 - 54.32) 43.38 (39.27 - 47.58) 51.05 (46.76 - 55.33)
Vermont 36.00 (32.94 - 39.18) 32.96 (29.68 - 36.41) 19.55 (16.75 - 22.68) 39.10 (35.30 - 43.04)
Virginia 43.85 (41.01 - 46.73) 39.78 (36.53 - 43.13) 32.19 (28.64 - 35.97) 46.30 (42.80 - 49.84)
Washington 39.41 (36.46 - 42.44) 36.13 (32.86 - 39.55) 30.14 (26.86 - 33.64) 41.35 (37.73 - 45.06)
West Virginia 41.70 (38.57 - 44.88) 40.94 (37.63 - 44.33) 33.98 (30.37 - 37.79) 42.92 (39.17 - 46.77)
Wisconsin 34.72 (31.92 - 37.63) 35.32 (32.09 - 38.68) 25.75 (22.66 - 29.10) 36.20 (32.77 - 39.78)
Wyoming 37.62 (34.83 - 40.50) 35.22 (32.01 - 38.58) 24.79 (21.47 - 28.45) 40.26 (36.75 - 43.87)
90309
Table B.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(Estimate)
Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Prediction Interval)
Binge Alcohol Use in
Past Month
(Estimate)
Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
(95% Prediction Interval)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 28.12   18.80  
Northeast 31.41 (30.43 - 32.40) 21.09 (20.21 - 21.99)
Midwest 29.86 (29.06 - 30.67) 20.95 (20.25 - 21.65)
South 25.90 (25.11 - 26.70) 16.74 (16.09 - 17.41)
West 27.36 (26.35 - 28.40) 18.18 (17.33 - 19.07)
Alabama 24.75 (22.26 - 27.42) 15.18 (13.22 - 17.38)
Alaska 27.91 (25.23 - 30.77) 18.92 (16.64 - 21.43)
Arizona 28.43 (25.61 - 31.42) 18.85 (16.57 - 21.36)
Arkansas 28.63 (25.90 - 31.53) 18.66 (16.40 - 21.15)
California 26.52 (25.02 - 28.06) 17.23 (15.99 - 18.55)
Colorado 30.09 (27.44 - 32.88) 20.52 (18.29 - 22.95)
Connecticut 32.82 (30.08 - 35.68) 23.45 (21.06 - 26.04)
Delaware 29.22 (26.55 - 32.05) 19.59 (17.07 - 22.38)
District of Columbia 33.75 (30.50 - 37.16) 22.51 (19.52 - 25.81)
Florida 27.61 (26.06 - 29.22) 17.90 (16.63 - 19.24)
Georgia 24.11 (21.70 - 26.71) 15.09 (13.16 - 17.25)
Hawaii 23.28 (20.70 - 26.08) 16.20 (13.98 - 18.71)
Idaho 23.35 (20.90 - 26.00) 17.27 (15.10 - 19.68)
Illinois 29.04 (27.49 - 30.63) 20.66 (19.34 - 22.05)
Indiana 26.37 (23.93 - 28.97) 18.46 (16.40 - 20.72)
Iowa 29.77 (27.18 - 32.51) 21.75 (19.45 - 24.23)
Kansas 31.25 (28.52 - 34.11) 22.74 (20.25 - 25.44)
Kentucky 27.57 (24.95 - 30.35) 18.53 (16.40 - 20.87)
Louisiana 28.38 (25.72 - 31.19) 16.85 (14.82 - 19.09)
Maine 29.60 (26.99 - 32.34) 20.81 (18.52 - 23.31)
Maryland 28.41 (25.92 - 31.04) 17.31 (15.28 - 19.54)
Massachusetts 33.20 (30.45 - 36.07) 24.60 (22.04 - 27.34)
Michigan 28.89 (27.44 - 30.39) 19.13 (17.91 - 20.41)
Minnesota 29.46 (26.92 - 32.13) 21.96 (19.57 - 24.55)
Mississippi 22.04 (19.59 - 24.70) 15.16 (13.14 - 17.43)
Missouri 29.61 (27.07 - 32.29) 20.23 (18.10 - 22.55)
Montana 31.62 (28.90 - 34.48) 24.02 (21.53 - 26.70)
Nebraska 32.39 (29.78 - 35.12) 21.69 (19.35 - 24.23)
Nevada 26.26 (23.59 - 29.12) 18.38 (16.04 - 20.97)
New Hampshire 33.60 (31.06 - 36.24) 24.13 (21.79 - 26.63)
New Jersey 29.46 (26.73 - 32.36) 19.96 (17.53 - 22.64)
New Mexico 28.54 (25.84 - 31.40) 18.78 (16.42 - 21.40)
New York 32.06 (30.38 - 33.78) 20.13 (18.76 - 21.57)
North Carolina 24.36 (21.98 - 26.90) 15.69 (13.80 - 17.79)
North Dakota 40.04 (37.15 - 43.00) 29.47 (26.73 - 32.38)
Ohio 30.65 (29.20 - 32.14) 21.38 (20.11 - 22.71)
Oklahoma 24.20 (21.54 - 27.07) 16.84 (14.54 - 19.42)
Oregon 30.55 (27.89 - 33.34) 19.63 (17.34 - 22.14)
Pennsylvania 29.36 (27.91 - 30.84) 19.79 (18.55 - 21.10)
Rhode Island 37.76 (34.87 - 40.74) 25.68 (23.10 - 28.44)
South Carolina 25.27 (22.78 - 27.93) 14.85 (12.89 - 17.04)
South Dakota 31.03 (28.19 - 34.03) 22.20 (19.82 - 24.78)
Tennessee 23.00 (20.61 - 25.59) 15.44 (13.48 - 17.62)
Texas 25.00 (23.50 - 26.56) 16.31 (15.05 - 17.65)
Utah 17.26 (14.73 - 20.12) 13.30 (10.99 - 16.02)
Vermont 39.27 (36.58 - 42.02) 28.93 (26.47 - 31.52)
Virginia 28.55 (25.92 - 31.34) 19.48 (17.30 - 21.86)
Washington 32.69 (30.05 - 35.44) 21.75 (19.49 - 24.20)
West Virginia 27.04 (24.33 - 29.93) 18.21 (15.97 - 20.68)
Wisconsin 33.57 (30.96 - 36.30) 23.93 (21.56 - 26.47)
Wyoming 34.44 (31.48 - 37.51) 24.84 (22.28 - 27.59)
90309
Table B.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 29.12   12.65   42.89   28.94  
Northeast 27.07 (26.20 - 27.96) 12.16 (11.37 - 13.01) 41.97 (40.73 - 43.21) 26.48 (25.43 - 27.56)
Midwest 31.84 (31.11 - 32.59) 14.34 (13.64 - 15.08) 48.05 (47.07 - 49.03) 31.36 (30.47 - 32.26)
South 31.08 (30.37 - 31.80) 13.16 (12.51 - 13.83) 43.79 (42.86 - 44.72) 31.31 (30.44 - 32.20)
West 25.05 (24.18 - 25.94) 10.65 (9.87 - 11.48) 37.39 (36.14 - 38.65) 24.83 (23.75 - 25.95)
Alabama 34.33 (31.67 - 37.09) 16.38 (13.97 - 19.12) 47.70 (44.01 - 51.42) 34.42 (31.20 - 37.78)
Alaska 30.13 (27.52 - 32.87) 13.99 (11.82 - 16.47) 46.52 (42.53 - 50.56) 29.68 (26.50 - 33.07)
Arizona 28.74 (26.20 - 31.43) 12.41 (10.32 - 14.86) 42.29 (38.34 - 46.35) 28.65 (25.65 - 31.85)
Arkansas 35.44 (32.76 - 38.20) 16.42 (13.99 - 19.17) 49.61 (45.80 - 53.42) 35.57 (32.34 - 38.93)
California 22.70 (21.36 - 24.10) 8.73 (7.63 - 9.96) 33.55 (31.61 - 35.54) 22.68 (20.99 - 24.47)
Colorado 29.77 (27.42 - 32.24) 14.96 (12.77 - 17.46) 49.24 (45.44 - 53.05) 28.36 (25.56 - 31.32)
Connecticut 26.22 (23.80 - 28.79) 12.45 (10.39 - 14.84) 46.32 (42.44 - 50.25) 24.89 (22.01 - 28.02)
Delaware 28.18 (25.71 - 30.80) 11.07 (9.20 - 13.26) 40.43 (36.69 - 44.28) 28.33 (25.38 - 31.47)
District of Columbia 28.33 (25.93 - 30.86) 9.33 (7.62 - 11.38) 37.78 (33.93 - 41.79) 28.22 (25.32 - 31.30)
Florida 28.88 (27.40 - 30.40) 11.65 (10.45 - 12.98) 41.22 (39.21 - 43.25) 29.04 (27.25 - 30.90)
Georgia 30.86 (28.25 - 33.59) 13.63 (11.57 - 16.00) 43.77 (39.86 - 47.76) 31.07 (27.90 - 34.43)
Hawaii 22.87 (20.36 - 25.59) 9.72 (7.84 - 12.00) 38.71 (34.76 - 42.81) 22.07 (19.12 - 25.32)
Idaho 25.58 (23.22 - 28.09) 11.19 (9.29 - 13.41) 38.78 (34.97 - 42.72) 25.28 (22.45 - 28.35)
Illinois 29.88 (28.44 - 31.36) 12.64 (11.42 - 13.98) 44.83 (42.76 - 46.92) 29.56 (27.79 - 31.39)
Indiana 33.49 (30.98 - 36.10) 14.70 (12.50 - 17.22) 49.07 (45.47 - 52.68) 33.32 (30.28 - 36.51)
Iowa 30.47 (28.03 - 33.03) 14.53 (12.35 - 17.02) 43.38 (39.64 - 47.20) 30.23 (27.29 - 33.34)
Kansas 32.24 (29.64 - 34.95) 15.37 (13.08 - 17.99) 49.50 (45.48 - 53.52) 31.30 (28.22 - 34.56)
Kentucky 37.13 (34.41 - 39.93) 19.95 (17.28 - 22.92) 56.78 (53.07 - 60.43) 36.20 (32.92 - 39.62)
Louisiana 32.72 (29.96 - 35.59) 13.41 (11.34 - 15.79) 44.80 (41.16 - 48.50) 33.11 (29.71 - 36.69)
Maine 30.77 (28.02 - 33.67) 13.44 (11.29 - 15.93) 46.96 (43.32 - 50.64) 30.51 (27.23 - 33.99)
Maryland 26.00 (23.67 - 28.47) 10.47 (8.64 - 12.63) 38.85 (35.21 - 42.63) 25.95 (23.20 - 28.92)
Massachusetts 26.29 (23.87 - 28.86) 13.21 (11.10 - 15.67) 42.70 (38.94 - 46.55) 25.08 (22.20 - 28.20)
Michigan 30.54 (29.10 - 32.02) 13.22 (11.94 - 14.60) 47.18 (45.16 - 49.21) 30.10 (28.31 - 31.94)
Minnesota 30.82 (28.32 - 33.43) 14.57 (12.42 - 17.03) 50.34 (46.53 - 54.15) 29.51 (26.52 - 32.69)
Mississippi 32.52 (29.96 - 35.18) 11.86 (9.98 - 14.05) 44.17 (40.30 - 48.11) 33.37 (30.24 - 36.65)
Missouri 33.71 (31.22 - 36.29) 13.94 (11.75 - 16.47) 47.64 (44.16 - 51.15) 33.94 (30.89 - 37.12)
Montana 30.95 (28.47 - 33.55) 16.54 (14.16 - 19.24) 49.94 (46.15 - 53.72) 29.53 (26.56 - 32.68)
Nebraska 29.70 (27.09 - 32.46) 13.17 (11.11 - 15.55) 45.10 (41.19 - 49.07) 29.03 (25.89 - 32.38)
Nevada 29.65 (26.94 - 32.51) 11.78 (9.65 - 14.31) 41.04 (37.19 - 45.00) 30.27 (27.02 - 33.72)
New Hampshire 26.98 (24.64 - 29.47) 12.55 (10.49 - 14.95) 46.90 (43.17 - 50.66) 25.77 (23.00 - 28.74)
New Jersey 25.83 (23.36 - 28.45) 11.58 (9.52 - 14.03) 42.14 (38.19 - 46.19) 25.20 (22.29 - 28.36)
New Mexico 28.28 (25.75 - 30.96) 14.85 (12.51 - 17.53) 47.23 (43.33 - 51.17) 26.65 (23.58 - 29.96)
New York 25.42 (23.98 - 26.92) 10.28 (9.13 - 11.54) 37.87 (35.88 - 39.90) 25.16 (23.41 - 27.01)
North Carolina 31.00 (28.34 - 33.79) 13.44 (11.42 - 15.76) 43.68 (40.18 - 47.25) 31.22 (28.02 - 34.62)
North Dakota 30.57 (28.01 - 33.25) 15.17 (12.83 - 17.86) 47.52 (43.78 - 51.30) 28.74 (25.60 - 32.09)
Ohio 34.22 (32.72 - 35.75) 16.43 (15.03 - 17.94) 52.15 (50.17 - 54.13) 33.57 (31.73 - 35.47)
Oklahoma 36.28 (33.51 - 39.15) 16.16 (13.59 - 19.11) 48.38 (44.16 - 52.62) 36.76 (33.40 - 40.26)
Oregon 27.46 (25.08 - 29.97) 13.42 (11.26 - 15.91) 40.12 (36.33 - 44.03) 27.16 (24.35 - 30.16)
Pennsylvania 30.36 (28.94 - 31.81) 14.38 (13.05 - 15.82) 45.11 (43.00 - 47.24) 29.95 (28.21 - 31.75)
Rhode Island 29.94 (27.42 - 32.59) 14.49 (12.19 - 17.13) 48.10 (44.13 - 52.11) 28.50 (25.50 - 31.70)
South Carolina 33.54 (30.85 - 36.34) 14.23 (12.13 - 16.63) 47.60 (43.95 - 51.28) 33.75 (30.48 - 37.18)
South Dakota 31.48 (29.09 - 33.96) 15.78 (13.50 - 18.36) 49.82 (45.99 - 53.66) 30.19 (27.32 - 33.23)
Tennessee 35.62 (32.96 - 38.38) 16.06 (13.85 - 18.55) 48.86 (45.06 - 52.68) 36.00 (32.82 - 39.32)
Texas 29.47 (27.99 - 30.99) 11.35 (10.20 - 12.60) 39.89 (37.95 - 41.85) 30.19 (28.31 - 32.14)
Utah 19.97 (17.84 - 22.28) 8.06 (6.33 - 10.20) 27.62 (24.16 - 31.37) 20.01 (17.35 - 22.97)
Vermont 29.48 (26.88 - 32.22) 15.09 (12.69 - 17.86) 48.89 (45.19 - 52.59) 28.02 (24.92 - 31.35)
Virginia 28.34 (25.99 - 30.82) 12.51 (10.60 - 14.71) 44.70 (40.91 - 48.56) 27.66 (24.86 - 30.64)
Washington 26.92 (24.51 - 29.47) 13.17 (11.13 - 15.53) 41.47 (37.78 - 45.26) 26.33 (23.48 - 29.39)
West Virginia 37.80 (35.01 - 40.67) 16.38 (13.96 - 19.12) 52.04 (48.24 - 55.81) 38.08 (34.74 - 41.53)
Wisconsin 32.36 (29.75 - 35.08) 15.35 (13.12 - 17.87) 48.68 (44.84 - 52.53) 31.75 (28.59 - 35.09)
Wyoming 36.65 (33.93 - 39.46) 21.21 (18.36 - 24.36) 55.28 (51.51 - 58.99) 35.31 (31.98 - 38.79)
90309
Table B.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 24.63   10.10   37.29   24.38  
Northeast 22.92 (22.06 - 23.81) 9.62 (9.00 - 10.27) 36.42 (35.21 - 37.64) 22.37 (21.31 - 23.46)
Midwest 26.92 (26.19 - 27.66) 11.52 (10.96 - 12.10) 42.20 (41.21 - 43.20) 26.31 (25.40 - 27.24)
South 26.13 (25.41 - 26.86) 10.68 (10.16 - 11.23) 37.86 (36.93 - 38.80) 26.18 (25.29 - 27.09)
West 21.44 (20.62 - 22.29) 8.27 (7.65 - 8.94) 32.50 (31.28 - 33.76) 21.28 (20.24 - 22.37)
Alabama 28.62 (26.06 - 31.33) 11.96 (10.09 - 14.11) 38.75 (35.10 - 42.54) 29.09 (25.97 - 32.43)
Alaska 24.56 (22.24 - 27.04) 9.65 (7.99 - 11.60) 39.39 (35.32 - 43.60) 24.21 (21.37 - 27.29)
Arizona 25.04 (22.66 - 27.58) 10.61 (8.73 - 12.83) 37.34 (33.43 - 41.42) 24.90 (22.07 - 27.95)
Arkansas 29.78 (27.25 - 32.44) 14.53 (12.34 - 17.03) 43.81 (39.95 - 47.75) 29.44 (26.40 - 32.68)
California 19.79 (18.57 - 21.06) 6.91 (6.03 - 7.91) 29.33 (27.45 - 31.28) 19.86 (18.31 - 21.51)
Colorado 24.39 (22.10 - 26.84) 10.31 (8.58 - 12.35) 42.25 (38.48 - 46.11) 23.15 (20.41 - 26.14)
Connecticut 20.96 (18.66 - 23.46) 9.77 (8.10 - 11.73) 39.99 (35.88 - 44.24) 19.46 (16.78 - 22.46)
Delaware 24.65 (22.25 - 27.21) 9.28 (7.69 - 11.16) 37.02 (33.23 - 40.98) 24.54 (21.69 - 27.63)
District of Columbia 25.78 (23.38 - 28.34) 7.23 (5.87 - 8.88) 35.83 (31.97 - 39.88) 25.49 (22.58 - 28.64)
Florida 24.56 (23.13 - 26.04) 9.53 (8.48 - 10.70) 35.37 (33.44 - 37.34) 24.69 (22.94 - 26.53)
Georgia 24.59 (22.15 - 27.20) 10.00 (8.31 - 12.00) 36.78 (32.89 - 40.85) 24.56 (21.62 - 27.75)
Hawaii 20.57 (18.18 - 23.17) 6.83 (5.39 - 8.61) 34.74 (30.82 - 38.88) 20.09 (17.28 - 23.22)
Idaho 21.39 (19.27 - 23.67) 8.88 (7.28 - 10.79) 33.66 (29.99 - 37.53) 20.99 (18.44 - 23.78)
Illinois 25.55 (24.10 - 27.06) 10.20 (9.13 - 11.37) 39.60 (37.55 - 41.68) 25.13 (23.34 - 27.02)
Indiana 27.96 (25.64 - 30.41) 11.80 (9.94 - 13.95) 43.17 (39.60 - 46.80) 27.50 (24.64 - 30.56)
Iowa 25.13 (22.83 - 27.57) 11.71 (9.89 - 13.82) 37.40 (33.54 - 41.42) 24.67 (21.96 - 27.61)
Kansas 25.81 (23.41 - 28.35) 11.86 (9.98 - 14.04) 40.71 (36.61 - 44.95) 24.91 (22.08 - 27.98)
Kentucky 30.36 (27.75 - 33.10) 15.93 (13.62 - 18.54) 50.54 (46.82 - 54.24) 29.01 (25.85 - 32.38)
Louisiana 27.14 (24.68 - 29.74) 10.99 (9.26 - 13.00) 38.72 (35.15 - 42.42) 27.18 (24.15 - 30.44)
Maine 26.94 (24.38 - 29.65) 11.36 (9.54 - 13.47) 42.66 (38.87 - 46.55) 26.53 (23.47 - 29.82)
Maryland 22.25 (20.06 - 24.61) 8.76 (7.26 - 10.54) 33.45 (29.87 - 37.22) 22.21 (19.57 - 25.10)
Massachusetts 21.35 (19.16 - 23.71) 9.52 (7.84 - 11.50) 35.61 (31.97 - 39.43) 20.35 (17.77 - 23.20)
Michigan 25.78 (24.45 - 27.15) 10.70 (9.64 - 11.86) 41.75 (39.73 - 43.80) 25.14 (23.48 - 26.87)
Minnesota 25.40 (23.11 - 27.82) 11.65 (9.77 - 13.84) 44.80 (40.89 - 48.78) 23.78 (21.09 - 26.69)
Mississippi 26.44 (24.01 - 29.03) 9.35 (7.78 - 11.21) 37.29 (33.49 - 41.25) 26.92 (23.93 - 30.14)
Missouri 29.21 (26.68 - 31.88) 11.83 (9.97 - 13.98) 41.82 (38.15 - 45.58) 29.36 (26.25 - 32.67)
Montana 23.86 (21.57 - 26.31) 12.21 (10.20 - 14.55) 39.69 (35.84 - 43.68) 22.63 (19.93 - 25.57)
Nebraska 25.43 (22.98 - 28.06) 10.99 (9.25 - 13.02) 39.68 (35.94 - 43.53) 24.70 (21.69 - 27.97)
Nevada 26.88 (24.17 - 29.77) 10.18 (8.46 - 12.20) 36.80 (32.90 - 40.87) 27.56 (24.31 - 31.07)
New Hampshire 23.21 (20.96 - 25.63) 9.83 (8.13 - 11.84) 41.40 (37.62 - 45.29) 22.13 (19.47 - 25.04)
New Jersey 21.93 (19.58 - 24.47) 9.12 (7.61 - 10.88) 37.24 (33.31 - 41.36) 21.26 (18.47 - 24.36)
New Mexico 23.52 (21.14 - 26.09) 11.82 (9.83 - 14.15) 41.60 (37.69 - 45.63) 21.81 (18.91 - 25.01)
New York 22.40 (20.97 - 23.89) 8.20 (7.24 - 9.27) 33.58 (31.59 - 35.64) 22.24 (20.47 - 24.12)
North Carolina 25.82 (23.34 - 28.48) 10.79 (9.11 - 12.74) 38.71 (35.16 - 42.40) 25.69 (22.71 - 28.91)
North Dakota 25.29 (23.02 - 27.71) 12.36 (10.50 - 14.50) 40.13 (36.55 - 43.82) 23.62 (20.81 - 26.68)
Ohio 28.92 (27.46 - 30.42) 12.86 (11.69 - 14.12) 45.51 (43.56 - 47.47) 28.27 (26.45 - 30.16)
Oklahoma 30.64 (27.71 - 33.73) 13.27 (11.12 - 15.77) 41.69 (37.52 - 45.98) 30.94 (27.35 - 34.78)
Oregon 22.83 (20.64 - 25.18) 9.72 (8.03 - 11.73) 33.98 (30.36 - 37.80) 22.65 (20.05 - 25.48)
Pennsylvania 25.09 (23.71 - 26.52) 11.76 (10.63 - 12.99) 38.09 (36.06 - 40.17) 24.64 (22.96 - 26.40)
Rhode Island 25.33 (23.00 - 27.81) 11.31 (9.47 - 13.46) 42.43 (38.41 - 46.56) 23.90 (21.11 - 26.93)
South Carolina 29.37 (26.78 - 32.09) 11.82 (9.92 - 14.03) 43.01 (39.32 - 46.77) 29.41 (26.28 - 32.76)
South Dakota 25.85 (23.51 - 28.34) 12.52 (10.63 - 14.69) 41.56 (37.71 - 45.51) 24.74 (21.93 - 27.79)
Tennessee 30.48 (27.82 - 33.28) 12.97 (11.07 - 15.14) 42.72 (38.92 - 46.59) 30.75 (27.53 - 34.18)
Texas 24.94 (23.54 - 26.39) 9.49 (8.49 - 10.59) 34.29 (32.26 - 36.38) 25.46 (23.69 - 27.32)
Utah 17.51 (15.46 - 19.78) 6.50 (5.10 - 8.25) 25.78 (22.40 - 29.47) 17.26 (14.71 - 20.13)
Vermont 23.44 (21.10 - 25.95) 11.26 (9.47 - 13.33) 41.23 (37.52 - 45.04) 21.98 (19.18 - 25.07)
Virginia 24.10 (21.79 - 26.57) 10.99 (9.27 - 12.99) 39.18 (35.44 - 43.05) 23.28 (20.53 - 26.27)
Washington 21.91 (19.74 - 24.25) 9.69 (8.06 - 11.61) 34.46 (31.00 - 38.10) 21.44 (18.85 - 24.29)
West Virginia 31.10 (28.43 - 33.89) 12.57 (10.65 - 14.79) 45.23 (41.38 - 49.14) 31.06 (27.85 - 34.47)
Wisconsin 28.08 (25.60 - 30.70) 12.23 (10.35 - 14.40) 44.05 (40.05 - 48.14) 27.39 (24.43 - 30.56)
Wyoming 29.43 (26.89 - 32.10) 14.92 (12.70 - 17.46) 47.12 (43.34 - 50.93) 28.13 (25.03 - 31.46)
90309
Table B.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 73.86   68.76   70.68   75.10  
Northeast 76.39 (75.53 - 77.22) 70.59 (69.49 - 71.67) 73.10 (71.93 - 74.24) 77.67 (76.62 - 78.68)
Midwest 71.22 (70.47 - 71.95) 68.13 (67.19 - 69.07) 67.02 (66.01 - 68.01) 72.37 (71.46 - 73.27)
South 72.89 (72.17 - 73.58) 67.56 (66.64 - 68.48) 69.98 (69.01 - 70.93) 74.09 (73.23 - 74.93)
West 75.92 (75.02 - 76.79) 69.79 (68.51 - 71.05) 73.33 (72.06 - 74.57) 77.25 (76.14 - 78.33)
Alabama 69.66 (66.84 - 72.33) 63.74 (60.25 - 67.10) 68.00 (64.52 - 71.30) 70.72 (67.20 - 74.01)
Alaska 71.30 (68.63 - 73.83) 68.38 (64.85 - 71.70) 66.95 (63.13 - 70.57) 72.60 (69.25 - 75.71)
Arizona 74.07 (71.52 - 76.46) 68.61 (65.26 - 71.78) 70.88 (67.28 - 74.23) 75.37 (72.25 - 78.26)
Arkansas 71.45 (68.92 - 73.84) 65.70 (62.26 - 68.99) 68.26 (64.73 - 71.60) 72.73 (69.62 - 75.63)
California 77.35 (75.96 - 78.69) 70.20 (68.23 - 72.10) 75.15 (73.22 - 76.99) 78.82 (77.05 - 80.48)
Colorado 74.74 (72.20 - 77.12) 69.15 (65.74 - 72.37) 70.89 (67.48 - 74.07) 76.10 (73.00 - 78.95)
Connecticut 78.36 (75.92 - 80.61) 71.49 (68.25 - 74.52) 74.09 (70.44 - 77.43) 79.91 (76.96 - 82.58)
Delaware 74.06 (71.34 - 76.61) 69.44 (66.10 - 72.59) 70.37 (66.81 - 73.71) 75.27 (71.92 - 78.35)
District of Columbia 78.64 (76.30 - 80.80) 66.50 (62.97 - 69.85) 77.89 (74.62 - 80.84) 80.04 (77.15 - 82.64)
Florida 74.92 (73.46 - 76.33) 68.90 (66.90 - 70.84) 71.37 (69.42 - 73.24) 76.14 (74.34 - 77.85)
Georgia 73.79 (71.22 - 76.22) 68.23 (64.89 - 71.40) 70.30 (66.69 - 73.67) 75.19 (71.98 - 78.14)
Hawaii 74.84 (71.95 - 77.52) 71.70 (68.23 - 74.93) 73.08 (69.50 - 76.38) 75.49 (71.92 - 78.74)
Idaho 74.54 (71.99 - 76.93) 69.70 (66.30 - 72.89) 70.72 (67.21 - 74.01) 75.96 (72.75 - 78.91)
Illinois 74.67 (73.24 - 76.05) 69.17 (67.28 - 71.00) 70.03 (68.01 - 71.97) 76.25 (74.45 - 77.96)
Indiana 69.44 (66.79 - 71.97) 68.07 (64.85 - 71.13) 66.94 (63.73 - 70.00) 70.07 (66.73 - 73.21)
Iowa 71.26 (68.74 - 73.65) 69.61 (66.32 - 72.72) 66.88 (63.27 - 70.30) 72.27 (69.14 - 75.19)
Kansas 70.29 (67.64 - 72.81) 68.11 (64.80 - 71.24) 65.18 (61.26 - 68.91) 71.57 (68.26 - 74.65)
Kentucky 68.56 (65.90 - 71.09) 63.30 (59.75 - 66.71) 61.93 (58.34 - 65.39) 70.26 (66.98 - 73.34)
Louisiana 72.93 (70.24 - 75.46) 67.72 (64.33 - 70.93) 71.16 (67.86 - 74.24) 74.01 (70.60 - 77.15)
Maine 72.58 (69.82 - 75.19) 68.52 (65.16 - 71.69) 66.93 (63.50 - 70.18) 73.86 (70.49 - 76.98)
Maryland 74.73 (72.22 - 77.08) 68.67 (65.40 - 71.76) 71.56 (68.03 - 74.85) 76.06 (72.96 - 78.91)
Massachusetts 75.45 (72.91 - 77.82) 71.18 (67.86 - 74.29) 73.44 (70.08 - 76.54) 76.31 (73.16 - 79.19)
Michigan 72.64 (71.17 - 74.05) 67.05 (65.20 - 68.85) 67.22 (65.25 - 69.13) 74.34 (72.50 - 76.10)
Minnesota 72.02 (69.43 - 74.47) 69.05 (65.83 - 72.09) 67.77 (64.27 - 71.08) 73.18 (69.92 - 76.21)
Mississippi 71.67 (69.04 - 74.15) 65.45 (62.01 - 68.74) 68.40 (64.90 - 71.69) 73.20 (69.91 - 76.25)
Missouri 69.39 (66.62 - 72.02) 67.10 (63.64 - 70.38) 63.97 (60.44 - 67.36) 70.61 (67.17 - 73.84)
Montana 74.53 (72.07 - 76.84) 67.72 (64.36 - 70.92) 69.88 (66.39 - 73.15) 76.19 (73.16 - 78.98)
Nebraska 71.18 (68.37 - 73.84) 69.72 (66.40 - 72.85) 65.49 (61.82 - 68.99) 72.45 (68.94 - 75.71)
Nevada 72.18 (69.34 - 74.86) 69.85 (66.41 - 73.09) 70.84 (67.05 - 74.36) 72.69 (69.21 - 75.91)
New Hampshire 74.14 (71.55 - 76.57) 67.17 (63.74 - 70.42) 68.25 (64.78 - 71.54) 75.94 (72.74 - 78.87)
New Jersey 77.44 (75.10 - 79.63) 69.93 (66.62 - 73.05) 74.91 (71.46 - 78.07) 78.79 (75.88 - 81.43)
New Mexico 74.43 (71.77 - 76.92) 66.86 (63.51 - 70.05) 71.13 (67.56 - 74.46) 76.14 (72.80 - 79.19)
New York 78.06 (76.60 - 79.45) 72.08 (70.21 - 73.88) 74.81 (72.90 - 76.64) 79.39 (77.56 - 81.11)
North Carolina 74.13 (71.54 - 76.57) 70.06 (66.88 - 73.05) 70.17 (66.90 - 73.24) 75.29 (72.07 - 78.26)
North Dakota 69.44 (66.68 - 72.06) 69.00 (65.79 - 72.04) 66.38 (62.92 - 69.68) 70.19 (66.63 - 73.53)
Ohio 68.98 (67.42 - 70.49) 67.72 (65.83 - 69.56) 65.76 (63.81 - 67.67) 69.68 (67.74 - 71.56)
Oklahoma 68.71 (65.69 - 71.59) 64.81 (60.97 - 68.47) 67.17 (63.16 - 70.93) 69.53 (65.75 - 73.06)
Oregon 74.95 (72.40 - 77.34) 68.44 (64.93 - 71.75) 70.96 (67.51 - 74.18) 76.37 (73.25 - 79.24)
Pennsylvania 73.68 (72.27 - 75.05) 68.80 (66.90 - 70.64) 69.79 (67.90 - 71.62) 74.93 (73.20 - 76.59)
Rhode Island 76.68 (74.24 - 78.95) 69.61 (66.15 - 72.86) 74.09 (70.75 - 77.18) 78.04 (75.01 - 80.80)
South Carolina 72.17 (69.56 - 74.64) 67.29 (63.80 - 70.60) 69.08 (65.62 - 72.33) 73.32 (70.07 - 76.33)
South Dakota 71.15 (68.58 - 73.59) 67.59 (64.13 - 70.87) 67.97 (64.40 - 71.34) 72.23 (69.02 - 75.23)
Tennessee 71.16 (68.59 - 73.61) 64.57 (61.19 - 67.81) 65.78 (62.18 - 69.20) 72.83 (69.65 - 75.79)
Texas 72.89 (71.44 - 74.30) 68.50 (66.58 - 70.35) 72.09 (70.20 - 73.92) 73.72 (71.83 - 75.52)
Utah 76.93 (74.51 - 79.18) 74.33 (70.84 - 77.54) 74.41 (71.14 - 77.44) 78.04 (74.84 - 80.94)
Vermont 75.49 (72.93 - 77.88) 72.09 (68.83 - 75.13) 70.53 (67.17 - 73.69) 76.72 (73.55 - 79.62)
Virginia 73.76 (71.19 - 76.19) 66.48 (63.06 - 69.74) 69.70 (66.17 - 73.02) 75.37 (72.20 - 78.29)
Washington 74.22 (71.59 - 76.69) 68.75 (65.44 - 71.88) 71.20 (67.83 - 74.36) 75.42 (72.16 - 78.41)
West Virginia 67.88 (65.04 - 70.59) 68.61 (65.33 - 71.71) 64.60 (60.91 - 68.13) 68.28 (64.83 - 71.54)
Wisconsin 69.26 (66.53 - 71.86) 67.64 (64.33 - 70.78) 66.19 (62.71 - 69.51) 70.00 (66.58 - 73.22)
Wyoming 70.92 (68.32 - 73.40) 69.14 (66.00 - 72.11) 66.23 (62.82 - 69.48) 72.01 (68.75 - 75.05)
90309
Table B.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.58   5.38   17.23   6.20  
Northeast 7.06 (6.65 - 7.49) 5.15 (4.70 - 5.64) 17.26 (16.40 - 18.16) 5.61 (5.13 - 6.13)
Midwest 8.39 (8.03 - 8.76) 6.00 (5.61 - 6.41) 19.69 (18.91 - 20.49) 6.72 (6.29 - 7.18)
South 7.06 (6.72 - 7.41) 4.83 (4.49 - 5.20) 15.65 (14.96 - 16.36) 5.89 (5.48 - 6.33)
West 8.05 (7.59 - 8.53) 5.81 (5.29 - 6.37) 17.26 (16.29 - 18.28) 6.68 (6.14 - 7.27)
Alabama 6.31 (5.25 - 7.57) 4.84 (3.75 - 6.24) 12.97 (10.89 - 15.37) 5.36 (4.19 - 6.85)
Alaska 7.77 (6.55 - 9.20) 5.88 (4.58 - 7.52) 17.58 (14.87 - 20.66) 6.24 (4.93 - 7.88)
Arizona 7.42 (6.23 - 8.82) 4.90 (3.72 - 6.43) 15.46 (13.01 - 18.27) 6.38 (5.08 - 7.97)
Arkansas 8.18 (6.94 - 9.62) 6.96 (5.53 - 8.74) 18.69 (16.08 - 21.62) 6.58 (5.24 - 8.25)
California 8.18 (7.45 - 8.97) 5.73 (4.94 - 6.63) 16.97 (15.52 - 18.53) 6.87 (6.02 - 7.84)
Colorado 9.63 (8.27 - 11.19) 7.39 (5.89 - 9.23) 22.57 (19.74 - 25.67) 7.72 (6.22 - 9.55)
Connecticut 8.47 (7.22 - 9.91) 6.91 (5.44 - 8.73) 21.62 (18.57 - 25.01) 6.62 (5.29 - 8.26)
Delaware 6.68 (5.60 - 7.96) 4.35 (3.31 - 5.70) 15.05 (12.62 - 17.85) 5.57 (4.40 - 7.03)
District of Columbia 10.05 (8.61 - 11.70) 3.70 (2.79 - 4.89) 20.32 (17.52 - 23.44) 8.47 (6.87 - 10.40)
Florida 7.03 (6.34 - 7.79) 4.91 (4.21 - 5.73) 15.87 (14.47 - 17.38) 5.96 (5.17 - 6.87)
Georgia 6.75 (5.61 - 8.10) 4.25 (3.28 - 5.47) 14.27 (11.97 - 16.94) 5.81 (4.55 - 7.39)
Hawaii 8.86 (7.28 - 10.75) 5.73 (4.35 - 7.52) 18.93 (16.12 - 22.10) 7.70 (5.90 - 10.00)
Idaho 7.74 (6.58 - 9.07) 6.59 (5.21 - 8.30) 18.37 (15.80 - 21.25) 5.94 (4.70 - 7.50)
Illinois 8.24 (7.51 - 9.03) 5.84 (5.04 - 6.75) 18.89 (17.39 - 20.49) 6.66 (5.80 - 7.62)
Indiana 7.27 (6.21 - 8.49) 4.92 (3.82 - 6.30) 17.26 (14.86 - 19.97) 5.83 (4.68 - 7.25)
Iowa 9.23 (7.90 - 10.75) 7.20 (5.75 - 8.98) 20.38 (17.62 - 23.45) 7.47 (6.01 - 9.26)
Kansas 8.60 (7.35 - 10.02) 6.99 (5.58 - 8.73) 20.07 (17.15 - 23.34) 6.64 (5.31 - 8.27)
Kentucky 6.20 (5.21 - 7.37) 4.81 (3.74 - 6.17) 14.92 (12.68 - 17.48) 5.00 (3.93 - 6.34)
Louisiana 7.40 (6.23 - 8.76) 4.46 (3.45 - 5.76) 14.56 (12.30 - 17.15) 6.43 (5.13 - 8.02)
Maine 7.49 (6.36 - 8.80) 5.72 (4.48 - 7.27) 19.36 (16.82 - 22.18) 6.01 (4.76 - 7.55)
Maryland 7.70 (6.57 - 9.00) 5.17 (4.10 - 6.52) 18.55 (16.00 - 21.40) 6.24 (5.01 - 7.76)
Massachusetts 8.96 (7.60 - 10.54) 6.00 (4.67 - 7.67) 20.69 (17.83 - 23.88) 7.32 (5.83 - 9.15)
Michigan 8.14 (7.45 - 8.89) 5.60 (4.87 - 6.44) 18.97 (17.44 - 20.59) 6.63 (5.82 - 7.55)
Minnesota 9.44 (8.13 - 10.93) 7.03 (5.62 - 8.77) 22.20 (19.31 - 25.39) 7.48 (6.07 - 9.19)
Mississippi 6.29 (5.20 - 7.60) 3.84 (2.90 - 5.06) 14.15 (11.81 - 16.86) 5.18 (4.00 - 6.69)
Missouri 8.03 (6.86 - 9.39) 5.82 (4.59 - 7.36) 19.21 (16.64 - 22.08) 6.41 (5.15 - 7.96)
Montana 9.63 (8.34 - 11.10) 8.34 (6.68 - 10.37) 24.32 (21.24 - 27.69) 7.28 (5.89 - 8.95)
Nebraska 8.86 (7.63 - 10.27) 6.59 (5.23 - 8.28) 20.86 (18.09 - 23.92) 6.90 (5.57 - 8.53)
Nevada 8.21 (6.87 - 9.78) 6.25 (4.84 - 8.04) 17.66 (14.92 - 20.77) 7.03 (5.59 - 8.81)
New Hampshire 8.33 (7.10 - 9.74) 6.32 (5.02 - 7.94) 21.86 (19.09 - 24.91) 6.50 (5.17 - 8.15)
New Jersey 6.51 (5.45 - 7.76) 5.10 (3.98 - 6.52) 15.87 (13.45 - 18.63) 5.28 (4.14 - 6.71)
New Mexico 8.04 (6.81 - 9.46) 6.56 (5.13 - 8.37) 17.94 (15.42 - 20.78) 6.38 (5.03 - 8.06)
New York 6.63 (5.98 - 7.36) 4.71 (3.99 - 5.55) 15.64 (14.23 - 17.16) 5.29 (4.53 - 6.18)
North Carolina 6.44 (5.40 - 7.68) 4.17 (3.23 - 5.37) 15.21 (13.05 - 17.67) 5.33 (4.20 - 6.74)
North Dakota 10.02 (8.73 - 11.47) 8.06 (6.47 - 10.00) 22.86 (20.04 - 25.95) 7.37 (5.97 - 9.06)
Ohio 8.14 (7.41 - 8.93) 5.66 (4.93 - 6.49) 18.87 (17.39 - 20.43) 6.66 (5.81 - 7.62)
Oklahoma 6.93 (5.75 - 8.34) 4.58 (3.47 - 6.03) 15.89 (13.32 - 18.84) 5.59 (4.33 - 7.18)
Oregon 6.61 (5.55 - 7.86) 5.38 (4.19 - 6.88) 15.94 (13.56 - 18.64) 5.28 (4.16 - 6.69)
Pennsylvania 6.36 (5.72 - 7.06) 4.67 (3.99 - 5.46) 16.80 (15.39 - 18.32) 4.86 (4.12 - 5.71)
Rhode Island 8.46 (7.15 - 9.98) 5.48 (4.31 - 6.96) 18.61 (15.96 - 21.59) 6.94 (5.49 - 8.74)
South Carolina 7.58 (6.44 - 8.90) 5.02 (3.93 - 6.39) 16.28 (13.92 - 18.95) 6.48 (5.21 - 8.02)
South Dakota 9.58 (8.31 - 11.02) 6.99 (5.55 - 8.77) 22.98 (20.08 - 26.16) 7.43 (6.05 - 9.09)
Tennessee 7.47 (6.33 - 8.80) 5.44 (4.26 - 6.92) 17.91 (15.43 - 20.68) 6.09 (4.85 - 7.63)
Texas 7.23 (6.55 - 7.96) 5.02 (4.30 - 5.86) 14.73 (13.37 - 16.20) 6.11 (5.30 - 7.03)
Utah 6.55 (5.44 - 7.86) 4.29 (3.23 - 5.68) 13.04 (10.85 - 15.59) 5.25 (4.04 - 6.79)
Vermont 8.18 (6.97 - 9.58) 6.05 (4.79 - 7.61) 21.36 (18.68 - 24.31) 6.25 (4.95 - 7.87)
Virginia 7.31 (6.19 - 8.63) 4.85 (3.78 - 6.20) 17.76 (15.24 - 20.60) 5.90 (4.69 - 7.39)
Washington 7.64 (6.50 - 8.97) 5.82 (4.61 - 7.33) 17.41 (15.02 - 20.09) 6.29 (5.04 - 7.81)
West Virginia 6.14 (5.16 - 7.29) 4.51 (3.46 - 5.85) 16.31 (13.92 - 19.02) 4.81 (3.76 - 6.13)
Wisconsin 9.30 (7.99 - 10.79) 6.58 (5.31 - 8.14) 23.37 (20.42 - 26.60) 7.20 (5.79 - 8.92)
Wyoming 9.56 (8.26 - 11.04) 8.01 (6.51 - 9.81) 21.61 (18.84 - 24.66) 7.58 (6.13 - 9.33)
90309
Table B.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 3.41   2.03   7.44   2.90  
Northeast 3.14 (2.85 - 3.46) 1.78 (1.53 - 2.07) 7.44 (6.87 - 8.06) 2.60 (2.26 - 2.98)
Midwest 3.59 (3.35 - 3.84) 2.14 (1.92 - 2.39) 7.92 (7.48 - 8.39) 3.02 (2.73 - 3.34)
South 3.22 (2.99 - 3.46) 1.96 (1.76 - 2.19) 6.93 (6.51 - 7.37) 2.76 (2.48 - 3.06)
West 3.77 (3.44 - 4.14) 2.21 (1.91 - 2.56) 7.75 (7.11 - 8.43) 3.27 (2.87 - 3.73)
Alabama 2.97 (2.32 - 3.80) 2.08 (1.47 - 2.94) 5.96 (4.72 - 7.49) 2.58 (1.83 - 3.62)
Alaska 3.93 (3.09 - 4.98) 2.28 (1.62 - 3.20) 7.34 (5.88 - 9.14) 3.55 (2.57 - 4.89)
Arizona 3.73 (2.95 - 4.69) 2.26 (1.61 - 3.15) 7.47 (5.97 - 9.31) 3.28 (2.41 - 4.46)
Arkansas 3.80 (3.02 - 4.78) 2.71 (1.92 - 3.81) 7.90 (6.36 - 9.78) 3.26 (2.39 - 4.44)
California 3.90 (3.37 - 4.50) 2.18 (1.74 - 2.74) 7.84 (6.85 - 8.95) 3.40 (2.78 - 4.15)
Colorado 3.86 (3.10 - 4.81) 2.49 (1.79 - 3.47) 9.07 (7.37 - 11.12) 3.15 (2.31 - 4.29)
Connecticut 3.65 (2.91 - 4.57) 2.43 (1.74 - 3.37) 8.70 (7.04 - 10.70) 3.02 (2.21 - 4.12)
Delaware 3.15 (2.46 - 4.02) 1.86 (1.31 - 2.64) 6.85 (5.45 - 8.58) 2.69 (1.93 - 3.73)
District of Columbia 4.70 (3.73 - 5.90) 1.44 (0.99 - 2.09) 8.62 (6.93 - 10.69) 4.18 (3.06 - 5.69)
Florida 3.28 (2.83 - 3.82) 2.16 (1.74 - 2.68) 7.29 (6.39 - 8.30) 2.82 (2.29 - 3.47)
Georgia 3.23 (2.49 - 4.19) 1.85 (1.31 - 2.59) 5.82 (4.56 - 7.41) 2.98 (2.13 - 4.16)
Hawaii 4.13 (3.11 - 5.45) 2.18 (1.41 - 3.34) 7.63 (5.98 - 9.68) 3.83 (2.67 - 5.47)
Idaho 3.23 (2.59 - 4.02) 2.13 (1.55 - 2.93) 7.30 (5.89 - 9.01) 2.64 (1.92 - 3.62)
Illinois 3.50 (3.02 - 4.06) 2.06 (1.65 - 2.57) 7.64 (6.72 - 8.68) 2.96 (2.40 - 3.65)
Indiana 3.40 (2.72 - 4.24) 2.09 (1.51 - 2.89) 7.72 (6.34 - 9.37) 2.82 (2.05 - 3.85)
Iowa 3.92 (3.15 - 4.87) 2.60 (1.91 - 3.55) 8.41 (6.78 - 10.38) 3.28 (2.42 - 4.44)
Kansas 3.91 (3.16 - 4.84) 2.56 (1.85 - 3.55) 8.93 (7.17 - 11.09) 3.15 (2.33 - 4.25)
Kentucky 2.94 (2.31 - 3.72) 1.90 (1.33 - 2.69) 7.26 (5.85 - 8.97) 2.39 (1.71 - 3.32)
Louisiana 3.39 (2.68 - 4.27) 1.78 (1.27 - 2.50) 6.51 (5.22 - 8.10) 3.01 (2.19 - 4.13)
Maine 3.35 (2.65 - 4.23) 2.13 (1.54 - 2.92) 8.31 (6.73 - 10.21) 2.79 (2.02 - 3.84)
Maryland 3.15 (2.50 - 3.96) 1.71 (1.19 - 2.44) 7.41 (5.98 - 9.14) 2.64 (1.91 - 3.62)
Massachusetts 3.43 (2.71 - 4.33) 1.84 (1.29 - 2.61) 7.70 (6.23 - 9.48) 2.90 (2.10 - 3.99)
Michigan 3.66 (3.18 - 4.21) 2.03 (1.64 - 2.51) 8.01 (7.06 - 9.08) 3.14 (2.57 - 3.83)
Minnesota 3.76 (2.99 - 4.71) 2.41 (1.74 - 3.33) 7.67 (6.18 - 9.49) 3.24 (2.37 - 4.41)
Mississippi 2.87 (2.23 - 3.67) 1.44 (0.98 - 2.12) 7.23 (5.78 - 9.01) 2.26 (1.55 - 3.27)
Missouri 3.54 (2.81 - 4.44) 2.13 (1.53 - 2.95) 7.59 (6.20 - 9.27) 3.03 (2.21 - 4.14)
Montana 4.23 (3.41 - 5.24) 2.71 (1.96 - 3.74) 9.96 (8.14 - 12.13) 3.44 (2.54 - 4.65)
Nebraska 3.49 (2.80 - 4.32) 2.09 (1.51 - 2.90) 8.35 (6.84 - 10.17) 2.75 (2.01 - 3.77)
Nevada 3.52 (2.78 - 4.45) 2.08 (1.46 - 2.95) 7.46 (6.02 - 9.21) 3.11 (2.28 - 4.23)
New Hampshire 3.48 (2.80 - 4.30) 2.13 (1.51 - 3.00) 9.27 (7.66 - 11.18) 2.76 (2.03 - 3.73)
New Jersey 2.90 (2.25 - 3.72) 1.86 (1.31 - 2.65) 6.35 (4.99 - 8.05) 2.51 (1.79 - 3.51)
New Mexico 3.86 (3.04 - 4.88) 2.52 (1.80 - 3.52) 8.08 (6.48 - 10.05) 3.26 (2.33 - 4.53)
New York 3.21 (2.75 - 3.75) 1.63 (1.26 - 2.10) 7.35 (6.40 - 8.43) 2.69 (2.15 - 3.35)
North Carolina 2.80 (2.19 - 3.59) 1.66 (1.15 - 2.38) 6.21 (4.95 - 7.75) 2.41 (1.73 - 3.34)
North Dakota 3.68 (2.98 - 4.54) 2.23 (1.59 - 3.12) 8.32 (6.78 - 10.17) 2.82 (2.05 - 3.88)
Ohio 3.41 (2.95 - 3.93) 1.89 (1.51 - 2.36) 7.89 (6.98 - 8.91) 2.85 (2.33 - 3.50)
Oklahoma 3.40 (2.68 - 4.30) 2.10 (1.49 - 2.96) 7.07 (5.60 - 8.90) 2.89 (2.08 - 4.01)
Oregon 3.07 (2.44 - 3.85) 1.89 (1.34 - 2.68) 7.27 (5.87 - 8.96) 2.55 (1.86 - 3.47)
Pennsylvania 2.76 (2.34 - 3.25) 1.61 (1.23 - 2.09) 7.52 (6.58 - 8.60) 2.12 (1.66 - 2.72)
Rhode Island 3.89 (3.07 - 4.92) 2.11 (1.49 - 2.98) 7.48 (5.99 - 9.32) 3.45 (2.50 - 4.73)
South Carolina 3.52 (2.79 - 4.43) 2.02 (1.43 - 2.85) 6.89 (5.57 - 8.50) 3.16 (2.33 - 4.27)
South Dakota 3.49 (2.83 - 4.30) 2.12 (1.53 - 2.95) 7.91 (6.36 - 9.80) 2.85 (2.13 - 3.81)
Tennessee 3.18 (2.52 - 4.00) 1.98 (1.43 - 2.74) 7.66 (6.20 - 9.43) 2.63 (1.91 - 3.61)
Texas 3.31 (2.85 - 3.84) 2.01 (1.60 - 2.53) 6.85 (5.94 - 7.88) 2.82 (2.29 - 3.48)
Utah 3.39 (2.71 - 4.25) 1.83 (1.28 - 2.61) 6.18 (4.94 - 7.72) 2.94 (2.13 - 4.03)
Vermont 3.46 (2.75 - 4.36) 2.12 (1.50 - 2.98) 8.12 (6.63 - 9.92) 2.86 (2.06 - 3.95)
Virginia 3.17 (2.53 - 3.95) 2.02 (1.45 - 2.80) 7.31 (5.90 - 9.01) 2.63 (1.93 - 3.57)
Washington 3.65 (2.90 - 4.58) 2.32 (1.66 - 3.22) 7.33 (5.90 - 9.07) 3.22 (2.36 - 4.38)
West Virginia 2.99 (2.36 - 3.78) 1.86 (1.29 - 2.66) 8.36 (6.79 - 10.25) 2.32 (1.65 - 3.26)
Wisconsin 3.80 (3.05 - 4.72) 2.46 (1.80 - 3.34) 8.24 (6.70 - 10.09) 3.20 (2.36 - 4.33)
Wyoming 4.04 (3.24 - 5.04) 2.82 (2.04 - 3.88) 8.33 (6.79 - 10.17) 3.43 (2.52 - 4.65)
90309
Table B.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.81   4.47   7.90   1.70  
Northeast 2.73 (2.51 - 2.97) 4.29 (3.92 - 4.70) 8.38 (7.75 - 9.04) 1.60 (1.37 - 1.86)
Midwest 2.75 (2.57 - 2.93) 4.45 (4.13 - 4.79) 7.75 (7.28 - 8.25) 1.64 (1.45 - 1.85)
South 2.88 (2.70 - 3.08) 4.46 (4.14 - 4.79) 7.85 (7.36 - 8.36) 1.83 (1.62 - 2.05)
West 2.81 (2.59 - 3.06) 4.66 (4.20 - 5.17) 7.75 (7.12 - 8.43) 1.66 (1.42 - 1.94)
Alabama 3.00 (2.35 - 3.83) 4.03 (3.16 - 5.13) 7.41 (5.81 - 9.41) 2.11 (1.44 - 3.08)
Alaska 3.18 (2.56 - 3.96) 4.72 (3.69 - 6.01) 9.00 (7.12 - 11.31) 1.85 (1.25 - 2.71)
Arizona 2.90 (2.28 - 3.69) 4.32 (3.34 - 5.58) 7.33 (5.74 - 9.32) 1.93 (1.31 - 2.84)
Arkansas 3.20 (2.54 - 4.04) 5.31 (4.20 - 6.69) 8.71 (6.83 - 11.05) 2.01 (1.37 - 2.94)
California 2.73 (2.39 - 3.12) 4.58 (3.90 - 5.37) 7.39 (6.43 - 8.48) 1.58 (1.22 - 2.03)
Colorado 3.24 (2.55 - 4.10) 5.30 (4.19 - 6.70) 8.87 (7.03 - 11.13) 2.02 (1.36 - 2.99)
Connecticut 2.77 (2.21 - 3.46) 4.60 (3.63 - 5.81) 9.39 (7.46 - 11.76) 1.50 (1.01 - 2.22)
Delaware 3.16 (2.50 - 3.99) 4.39 (3.47 - 5.55) 9.46 (7.55 - 11.79) 1.94 (1.31 - 2.86)
District of Columbia 4.52 (3.54 - 5.76) 4.16 (3.19 - 5.42) 8.99 (7.10 - 11.32) 3.59 (2.53 - 5.07)
Florida 2.72 (2.35 - 3.14) 4.42 (3.77 - 5.17) 8.20 (7.18 - 9.35) 1.71 (1.33 - 2.20)
Georgia 3.09 (2.40 - 3.97) 4.32 (3.41 - 5.47) 8.02 (6.32 - 10.11) 2.07 (1.37 - 3.09)
Hawaii 2.23 (1.70 - 2.91) 4.47 (3.36 - 5.92) 6.59 (4.98 - 8.66) 1.28 (0.80 - 2.05)
Idaho 2.76 (2.21 - 3.43) 4.48 (3.53 - 5.67) 7.87 (6.22 - 9.92) 1.55 (1.06 - 2.27)
Illinois 2.65 (2.30 - 3.06) 4.36 (3.73 - 5.10) 7.31 (6.35 - 8.39) 1.59 (1.23 - 2.05)
Indiana 2.95 (2.39 - 3.64) 4.66 (3.72 - 5.83) 8.78 (7.12 - 10.78) 1.69 (1.16 - 2.46)
Iowa 2.08 (1.62 - 2.66) 3.94 (3.04 - 5.08) 5.88 (4.46 - 7.72) 1.14 (0.74 - 1.75)
Kansas 2.29 (1.78 - 2.93) 4.62 (3.62 - 5.86) 6.42 (4.88 - 8.40) 1.18 (0.74 - 1.87)
Kentucky 3.02 (2.41 - 3.78) 4.99 (3.94 - 6.29) 9.17 (7.40 - 11.32) 1.80 (1.23 - 2.64)
Louisiana 3.08 (2.45 - 3.87) 4.33 (3.41 - 5.48) 7.50 (5.98 - 9.38) 2.05 (1.40 - 2.98)
Maine 3.02 (2.40 - 3.81) 5.13 (4.07 - 6.44) 10.29 (8.33 - 12.64) 1.75 (1.16 - 2.62)
Maryland 2.96 (2.36 - 3.71) 4.22 (3.32 - 5.36) 8.14 (6.43 - 10.25) 1.94 (1.34 - 2.78)
Massachusetts 2.85 (2.28 - 3.55) 4.92 (3.84 - 6.29) 9.77 (7.79 - 12.18) 1.41 (0.92 - 2.17)
Michigan 2.85 (2.51 - 3.24) 4.52 (3.88 - 5.25) 8.03 (7.07 - 9.10) 1.73 (1.37 - 2.19)
Minnesota 2.60 (2.08 - 3.24) 4.49 (3.57 - 5.65) 7.66 (6.08 - 9.60) 1.45 (0.98 - 2.14)
Mississippi 2.85 (2.24 - 3.61) 3.89 (3.03 - 4.99) 7.32 (5.75 - 9.28) 1.86 (1.25 - 2.74)
Missouri 2.80 (2.24 - 3.49) 4.35 (3.44 - 5.50) 7.93 (6.34 - 9.87) 1.71 (1.18 - 2.47)
Montana 3.05 (2.44 - 3.80) 5.28 (4.18 - 6.64) 9.27 (7.38 - 11.58) 1.70 (1.15 - 2.49)
Nebraska 2.27 (1.76 - 2.92) 3.80 (2.93 - 4.91) 6.62 (5.12 - 8.52) 1.24 (0.79 - 1.92)
Nevada 2.73 (2.15 - 3.47) 4.85 (3.79 - 6.18) 7.81 (6.12 - 9.93) 1.68 (1.13 - 2.50)
New Hampshire 2.90 (2.34 - 3.59) 4.81 (3.82 - 6.03) 9.10 (7.32 - 11.26) 1.70 (1.17 - 2.45)
New Jersey 2.30 (1.80 - 2.93) 4.12 (3.27 - 5.18) 7.13 (5.58 - 9.09) 1.34 (0.88 - 2.03)
New Mexico 3.18 (2.53 - 3.98) 5.21 (4.12 - 6.57) 8.52 (6.79 - 10.64) 1.87 (1.24 - 2.82)
New York 3.07 (2.66 - 3.54) 4.12 (3.48 - 4.86) 8.55 (7.49 - 9.75) 1.97 (1.53 - 2.53)
North Carolina 2.83 (2.27 - 3.53) 4.27 (3.36 - 5.40) 8.59 (6.91 - 10.63) 1.72 (1.18 - 2.50)
North Dakota 2.18 (1.71 - 2.76) 4.07 (3.16 - 5.24) 5.91 (4.54 - 7.67) 1.08 (0.69 - 1.68)
Ohio 3.18 (2.78 - 3.63) 4.75 (4.10 - 5.49) 9.15 (8.15 - 10.26) 1.97 (1.54 - 2.51)
Oklahoma 2.70 (2.10 - 3.48) 4.54 (3.54 - 5.82) 6.86 (5.24 - 8.93) 1.68 (1.11 - 2.54)
Oregon 2.73 (2.16 - 3.45) 4.64 (3.68 - 5.82) 8.12 (6.45 - 10.16) 1.65 (1.11 - 2.44)
Pennsylvania 2.25 (1.94 - 2.62) 4.03 (3.43 - 4.74) 7.06 (6.14 - 8.11) 1.24 (0.93 - 1.65)
Rhode Island 4.17 (3.33 - 5.20) 5.35 (4.15 - 6.87) 12.97 (10.57 - 15.82) 2.39 (1.59 - 3.57)
South Carolina 3.22 (2.55 - 4.06) 4.63 (3.65 - 5.86) 8.49 (6.81 - 10.55) 2.16 (1.48 - 3.13)
South Dakota 2.13 (1.68 - 2.70) 3.95 (3.05 - 5.09) 6.30 (4.86 - 8.12) 1.11 (0.72 - 1.70)
Tennessee 2.98 (2.38 - 3.74) 4.53 (3.60 - 5.67) 8.90 (7.13 - 11.05) 1.86 (1.29 - 2.69)
Texas 2.74 (2.38 - 3.15) 4.53 (3.90 - 5.26) 6.55 (5.65 - 7.58) 1.73 (1.34 - 2.22)
Utah 2.89 (2.33 - 3.58) 4.45 (3.45 - 5.71) 7.06 (5.59 - 8.88) 1.53 (1.04 - 2.25)
Vermont 2.95 (2.39 - 3.63) 4.70 (3.73 - 5.91) 10.24 (8.40 - 12.43) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.25)
Virginia 2.77 (2.22 - 3.46) 4.71 (3.71 - 5.97) 8.73 (6.92 - 10.96) 1.54 (1.03 - 2.28)
Washington 2.90 (2.34 - 3.59) 4.81 (3.79 - 6.08) 9.15 (7.46 - 11.17) 1.63 (1.11 - 2.40)
West Virginia 2.71 (2.15 - 3.40) 4.12 (3.26 - 5.20) 8.60 (6.89 - 10.69) 1.68 (1.16 - 2.43)
Wisconsin 2.64 (2.05 - 3.38) 4.23 (3.32 - 5.37) 6.90 (5.40 - 8.78) 1.69 (1.12 - 2.54)
Wyoming 2.77 (2.26 - 3.39) 4.85 (3.83 - 6.12) 8.82 (7.12 - 10.89) 1.40 (0.95 - 2.06)
90309
Table B.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 1.93   2.40   5.43   1.26  
Northeast 1.91 (1.74 - 2.11) 2.31 (2.05 - 2.60) 5.78 (5.27 - 6.33) 1.22 (1.03 - 1.45)
Midwest 1.89 (1.74 - 2.05) 2.45 (2.21 - 2.72) 5.30 (4.93 - 5.70) 1.21 (1.05 - 1.40)
South 1.95 (1.80 - 2.11) 2.34 (2.12 - 2.58) 5.41 (5.03 - 5.83) 1.31 (1.15 - 1.50)
West 1.94 (1.75 - 2.15) 2.50 (2.18 - 2.87) 5.33 (4.81 - 5.91) 1.24 (1.03 - 1.49)
Alabama 1.93 (1.50 - 2.48) 2.19 (1.60 - 2.99) 4.88 (3.68 - 6.45) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.02)
Alaska 2.26 (1.75 - 2.91) 2.90 (2.16 - 3.88) 6.01 (4.58 - 7.87) 1.45 (0.96 - 2.20)
Arizona 1.82 (1.40 - 2.37) 2.35 (1.74 - 3.16) 4.80 (3.62 - 6.34) 1.24 (0.83 - 1.84)
Arkansas 2.17 (1.69 - 2.80) 2.64 (1.99 - 3.48) 5.85 (4.45 - 7.66) 1.50 (1.02 - 2.19)
California 1.94 (1.65 - 2.27) 2.37 (1.91 - 2.93) 5.27 (4.47 - 6.20) 1.24 (0.94 - 1.64)
Colorado 2.12 (1.61 - 2.78) 2.72 (2.03 - 3.66) 5.62 (4.27 - 7.37) 1.45 (0.95 - 2.20)
Connecticut 1.96 (1.55 - 2.49) 2.63 (1.97 - 3.50) 6.78 (5.20 - 8.79) 1.13 (0.75 - 1.69)
Delaware 2.09 (1.63 - 2.68) 2.31 (1.70 - 3.13) 6.03 (4.60 - 7.87) 1.40 (0.96 - 2.05)
District of Columbia 3.12 (2.37 - 4.11) 1.91 (1.34 - 2.70) 5.98 (4.54 - 7.83) 2.63 (1.79 - 3.84)
Florida 1.86 (1.58 - 2.19) 2.37 (1.95 - 2.88) 5.71 (4.90 - 6.65) 1.23 (0.93 - 1.62)
Georgia 1.91 (1.46 - 2.49) 2.15 (1.60 - 2.90) 5.15 (3.89 - 6.78) 1.31 (0.86 - 1.99)
Hawaii 1.38 (1.04 - 1.85) 2.27 (1.58 - 3.23) 4.07 (2.94 - 5.63) 0.86 (0.54 - 1.37)
Idaho 1.79 (1.40 - 2.29) 2.57 (1.92 - 3.44) 4.98 (3.81 - 6.49) 1.08 (0.72 - 1.63)
Illinois 1.91 (1.63 - 2.23) 2.56 (2.04 - 3.20) 5.14 (4.37 - 6.04) 1.24 (0.94 - 1.63)
Indiana 1.98 (1.56 - 2.50) 2.69 (2.02 - 3.56) 5.68 (4.44 - 7.23) 1.23 (0.84 - 1.80)
Iowa 1.51 (1.16 - 1.97) 2.31 (1.71 - 3.12) 4.20 (3.13 - 5.61) 0.92 (0.60 - 1.43)
Kansas 1.60 (1.23 - 2.09) 2.42 (1.78 - 3.28) 4.49 (3.32 - 6.05) 0.94 (0.61 - 1.46)
Kentucky 2.08 (1.65 - 2.63) 2.77 (2.07 - 3.69) 6.37 (5.03 - 8.03) 1.32 (0.90 - 1.93)
Louisiana 2.10 (1.61 - 2.74) 2.20 (1.61 - 3.00) 5.19 (3.98 - 6.74) 1.49 (1.00 - 2.23)
Maine 1.95 (1.52 - 2.51) 2.65 (1.97 - 3.55) 6.69 (5.22 - 8.55) 1.20 (0.80 - 1.79)
Maryland 2.02 (1.54 - 2.63) 2.12 (1.56 - 2.86) 5.18 (3.92 - 6.81) 1.48 (1.00 - 2.19)
Massachusetts 2.03 (1.58 - 2.60) 2.66 (1.97 - 3.58) 6.96 (5.36 - 9.00) 1.11 (0.72 - 1.71)
Michigan 1.98 (1.71 - 2.28) 2.42 (1.98 - 2.95) 5.38 (4.63 - 6.23) 1.33 (1.05 - 1.70)
Minnesota 1.77 (1.38 - 2.26) 2.63 (1.95 - 3.54) 5.34 (4.08 - 6.97) 1.02 (0.68 - 1.52)
Mississippi 1.83 (1.41 - 2.38) 2.05 (1.50 - 2.79) 4.90 (3.68 - 6.50) 1.22 (0.82 - 1.84)
Missouri 1.75 (1.37 - 2.24) 2.45 (1.82 - 3.30) 4.82 (3.68 - 6.30) 1.14 (0.77 - 1.68)
Montana 2.00 (1.56 - 2.56) 2.68 (1.97 - 3.64) 5.95 (4.59 - 7.69) 1.23 (0.82 - 1.84)
Nebraska 1.70 (1.31 - 2.20) 2.10 (1.54 - 2.86) 4.98 (3.76 - 6.55) 1.03 (0.67 - 1.57)
Nevada 1.84 (1.41 - 2.39) 2.50 (1.84 - 3.40) 5.58 (4.20 - 7.38) 1.18 (0.76 - 1.82)
New Hampshire 1.98 (1.55 - 2.52) 2.72 (2.05 - 3.60) 6.24 (4.84 - 8.00) 1.23 (0.83 - 1.82)
New Jersey 1.56 (1.19 - 2.04) 2.13 (1.57 - 2.87) 4.57 (3.43 - 6.06) 1.03 (0.68 - 1.55)
New Mexico 2.08 (1.61 - 2.67) 2.99 (2.21 - 4.04) 5.96 (4.55 - 7.77) 1.21 (0.78 - 1.88)
New York 2.16 (1.83 - 2.55) 2.13 (1.72 - 2.63) 5.86 (5.02 - 6.84) 1.51 (1.15 - 1.98)
North Carolina 1.99 (1.56 - 2.54) 2.32 (1.75 - 3.08) 6.08 (4.72 - 7.79) 1.29 (0.88 - 1.90)
North Dakota 1.59 (1.21 - 2.07) 2.38 (1.75 - 3.23) 4.14 (3.09 - 5.51) 0.91 (0.57 - 1.43)
Ohio 2.07 (1.79 - 2.41) 2.31 (1.89 - 2.80) 6.26 (5.43 - 7.21) 1.34 (1.03 - 1.73)
Oklahoma 1.95 (1.50 - 2.53) 2.55 (1.88 - 3.46) 4.97 (3.67 - 6.69) 1.30 (0.88 - 1.93)
Oregon 1.91 (1.48 - 2.45) 2.73 (2.05 - 3.64) 5.47 (4.17 - 7.15) 1.24 (0.84 - 1.84)
Pennsylvania 1.63 (1.38 - 1.92) 2.29 (1.88 - 2.79) 5.05 (4.30 - 5.92) 0.98 (0.73 - 1.33)
Rhode Island 2.64 (2.07 - 3.36) 2.94 (2.17 - 3.98) 8.39 (6.54 - 10.70) 1.53 (0.99 - 2.36)
South Carolina 1.91 (1.49 - 2.44) 2.38 (1.76 - 3.23) 4.95 (3.78 - 6.47) 1.34 (0.92 - 1.95)
South Dakota 1.41 (1.05 - 1.88) 2.08 (1.49 - 2.91) 4.27 (3.13 - 5.79) 0.78 (0.47 - 1.28)
Tennessee 2.07 (1.64 - 2.61) 2.53 (1.90 - 3.37) 6.09 (4.71 - 7.84) 1.38 (0.96 - 1.98)
Texas 1.89 (1.61 - 2.23) 2.31 (1.87 - 2.85) 4.77 (4.01 - 5.66) 1.27 (0.97 - 1.67)
Utah 2.05 (1.63 - 2.57) 2.49 (1.84 - 3.36) 5.27 (4.00 - 6.90) 1.13 (0.77 - 1.65)
Vermont 2.07 (1.64 - 2.60) 2.61 (1.95 - 3.50) 7.24 (5.70 - 9.16) 1.15 (0.76 - 1.72)
Virginia 1.97 (1.54 - 2.51) 2.51 (1.88 - 3.33) 6.30 (4.84 - 8.16) 1.18 (0.79 - 1.76)
Washington 2.02 (1.57 - 2.58) 2.96 (2.25 - 3.90) 5.82 (4.46 - 7.56) 1.27 (0.86 - 1.88)
West Virginia 1.85 (1.44 - 2.38) 2.26 (1.67 - 3.06) 6.43 (4.98 - 8.27) 1.13 (0.75 - 1.70)
Wisconsin 1.98 (1.53 - 2.58) 2.43 (1.82 - 3.24) 5.16 (3.95 - 6.72) 1.37 (0.92 - 2.05)
Wyoming 1.90 (1.48 - 2.43) 2.69 (2.01 - 3.59) 5.74 (4.43 - 7.42) 1.10 (0.72 - 1.67)
90309
Table B.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 9.10   7.87   21.01   7.20  
Northeast 8.57 (8.11 - 9.06) 7.54 (6.98 - 8.14) 21.30 (20.31 - 22.31) 6.59 (6.05 - 7.18)
Midwest 9.81 (9.42 - 10.21) 8.41 (7.94 - 8.90) 23.11 (22.32 - 23.93) 7.66 (7.19 - 8.16)
South 8.66 (8.29 - 9.04) 7.46 (7.02 - 7.92) 19.61 (18.86 - 20.37) 6.95 (6.51 - 7.42)
West 9.53 (9.02 - 10.06) 8.22 (7.61 - 8.87) 20.92 (19.90 - 21.99) 7.64 (7.04 - 8.29)
Alabama 7.71 (6.53 - 9.09) 6.93 (5.56 - 8.59) 16.17 (13.70 - 18.99) 6.37 (5.09 - 7.96)
Alaska 9.51 (8.17 - 11.04) 8.47 (6.88 - 10.38) 22.29 (19.30 - 25.59) 7.28 (5.83 - 9.06)
Arizona 9.24 (7.93 - 10.74) 7.50 (6.01 - 9.32) 19.71 (16.91 - 22.85) 7.67 (6.23 - 9.41)
Arkansas 9.99 (8.65 - 11.51) 10.05 (8.26 - 12.18) 22.96 (20.04 - 26.15) 7.82 (6.37 - 9.57)
California 9.52 (8.73 - 10.38) 7.98 (7.05 - 9.02) 20.43 (18.86 - 22.10) 7.68 (6.74 - 8.74)
Colorado 11.48 (9.97 - 13.19) 10.12 (8.33 - 12.26) 26.40 (23.25 - 29.81) 9.12 (7.47 - 11.10)
Connecticut 9.72 (8.41 - 11.20) 9.17 (7.51 - 11.14) 25.63 (22.46 - 29.08) 7.31 (5.92 - 9.00)
Delaware 8.58 (7.32 - 10.04) 6.83 (5.48 - 8.48) 20.30 (17.50 - 23.43) 6.84 (5.46 - 8.53)
District of Columbia 12.56 (10.92 - 14.41) 6.76 (5.37 - 8.47) 24.21 (21.04 - 27.68) 10.63 (8.77 - 12.82)
Florida 8.48 (7.71 - 9.33) 7.48 (6.57 - 8.51) 19.61 (18.02 - 21.30) 6.95 (6.06 - 7.95)
Georgia 8.53 (7.29 - 9.96) 7.06 (5.72 - 8.69) 18.95 (16.23 - 22.01) 6.93 (5.56 - 8.62)
Hawaii 9.98 (8.32 - 11.92) 9.04 (7.11 - 11.43) 21.39 (18.33 - 24.81) 8.34 (6.50 - 10.65)
Idaho 9.02 (7.82 - 10.39) 8.66 (7.10 - 10.52) 21.91 (19.14 - 24.96) 6.70 (5.41 - 8.27)
Illinois 9.52 (8.72 - 10.37) 8.05 (7.12 - 9.09) 22.41 (20.69 - 24.23) 7.41 (6.48 - 8.45)
Indiana 8.73 (7.54 - 10.09) 7.46 (6.07 - 9.13) 21.26 (18.63 - 24.16) 6.71 (5.42 - 8.26)
Iowa 10.22 (8.83 - 11.79) 9.22 (7.63 - 11.12) 22.14 (19.38 - 25.16) 8.19 (6.66 - 10.02)
Kansas 9.65 (8.30 - 11.19) 9.08 (7.43 - 11.05) 22.69 (19.62 - 26.09) 7.25 (5.83 - 8.99)
Kentucky 8.28 (7.12 - 9.60) 8.03 (6.56 - 9.78) 19.79 (17.18 - 22.69) 6.50 (5.26 - 7.99)
Louisiana 9.28 (7.95 - 10.80) 7.33 (5.90 - 9.07) 18.54 (16.01 - 21.36) 7.76 (6.27 - 9.57)
Maine 9.80 (8.47 - 11.32) 9.35 (7.75 - 11.25) 24.80 (21.82 - 28.05) 7.72 (6.29 - 9.45)
Maryland 9.28 (8.02 - 10.71) 7.62 (6.19 - 9.35) 22.05 (19.21 - 25.18) 7.39 (6.01 - 9.07)
Massachusetts 10.68 (9.26 - 12.30) 9.05 (7.38 - 11.06) 25.29 (22.06 - 28.82) 8.39 (6.84 - 10.24)
Michigan 9.63 (8.85 - 10.48) 8.14 (7.22 - 9.15) 22.57 (20.88 - 24.34) 7.62 (6.72 - 8.64)
Minnesota 10.59 (9.23 - 12.12) 9.24 (7.58 - 11.23) 25.06 (22.02 - 28.36) 8.19 (6.70 - 9.98)
Mississippi 7.81 (6.60 - 9.23) 6.01 (4.75 - 7.58) 18.05 (15.36 - 21.09) 6.16 (4.85 - 7.79)
Missouri 9.60 (8.33 - 11.05) 8.19 (6.68 - 10.00) 23.08 (20.43 - 25.97) 7.49 (6.10 - 9.16)
Montana 10.72 (9.42 - 12.17) 10.81 (8.98 - 12.97) 26.49 (23.35 - 29.89) 7.99 (6.58 - 9.68)
Nebraska 9.66 (8.38 - 11.12) 8.08 (6.53 - 9.96) 23.13 (20.14 - 26.43) 7.33 (5.94 - 9.02)
Nevada 9.40 (8.07 - 10.93) 8.82 (7.10 - 10.91) 21.45 (18.46 - 24.78) 7.65 (6.22 - 9.37)
New Hampshire 9.92 (8.58 - 11.43) 8.80 (7.23 - 10.69) 25.72 (22.65 - 29.06) 7.63 (6.17 - 9.39)
New Jersey 7.54 (6.39 - 8.89) 6.83 (5.46 - 8.52) 18.98 (16.25 - 22.04) 5.91 (4.66 - 7.47)
New Mexico 9.91 (8.56 - 11.45) 9.41 (7.73 - 11.41) 21.93 (19.06 - 25.10) 7.72 (6.22 - 9.54)
New York 8.31 (7.51 - 9.18) 7.05 (6.15 - 8.07) 19.84 (18.19 - 21.59) 6.44 (5.53 - 7.48)
North Carolina 8.09 (6.94 - 9.40) 6.79 (5.55 - 8.27) 19.70 (17.14 - 22.54) 6.39 (5.14 - 7.92)
North Dakota 10.94 (9.61 - 12.42) 9.92 (8.15 - 12.02) 24.57 (21.65 - 27.74) 7.98 (6.55 - 9.70)
Ohio 10.06 (9.24 - 10.96) 8.72 (7.78 - 9.76) 23.20 (21.59 - 24.90) 8.04 (7.06 - 9.14)
Oklahoma 8.42 (7.13 - 9.91) 7.32 (5.82 - 9.18) 19.35 (16.55 - 22.51) 6.53 (5.18 - 8.22)
Oregon 8.32 (7.13 - 9.70) 7.81 (6.31 - 9.62) 19.72 (17.13 - 22.61) 6.58 (5.27 - 8.19)
Pennsylvania 7.70 (6.98 - 8.47) 7.06 (6.22 - 8.00) 20.35 (18.83 - 21.97) 5.70 (4.89 - 6.64)
Rhode Island 11.34 (9.87 - 12.99) 8.82 (7.22 - 10.72) 26.48 (23.33 - 29.89) 8.84 (7.20 - 10.80)
South Carolina 9.39 (8.09 - 10.88) 7.82 (6.34 - 9.60) 20.98 (18.31 - 23.92) 7.68 (6.23 - 9.43)
South Dakota 10.27 (8.96 - 11.73) 8.83 (7.23 - 10.74) 24.80 (21.74 - 28.12) 7.75 (6.33 - 9.46)
Tennessee 9.08 (7.85 - 10.49) 8.21 (6.72 - 10.00) 21.98 (19.19 - 25.04) 7.17 (5.83 - 8.80)
Texas 8.69 (7.95 - 9.48) 7.50 (6.59 - 8.52) 18.11 (16.57 - 19.75) 7.04 (6.18 - 8.02)
Utah 8.18 (6.97 - 9.58) 6.63 (5.24 - 8.37) 16.86 (14.24 - 19.85) 6.18 (4.89 - 7.79)
Vermont 9.86 (8.61 - 11.28) 8.79 (7.25 - 10.62) 25.74 (22.77 - 28.96) 7.36 (5.98 - 9.02)
Virginia 8.87 (7.63 - 10.28) 7.65 (6.20 - 9.41) 22.43 (19.57 - 25.58) 6.77 (5.46 - 8.38)
Washington 9.27 (7.99 - 10.72) 8.46 (6.93 - 10.29) 21.58 (18.85 - 24.60) 7.36 (5.98 - 9.03)
West Virginia 7.77 (6.60 - 9.11) 6.97 (5.64 - 8.58) 20.61 (17.89 - 23.63) 5.95 (4.70 - 7.50)
Wisconsin 10.66 (9.26 - 12.24) 8.75 (7.14 - 10.68) 26.10 (22.99 - 29.47) 8.22 (6.70 - 10.05)
Wyoming 11.17 (9.83 - 12.67) 10.71 (8.91 - 12.81) 26.11 (23.12 - 29.33) 8.53 (7.05 - 10.29)
90309
Table B.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically; these estimates are based on data from original questions, excluding those on the use of over-the-counter drugs or new methamphetamine items that were added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.6 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 2.50   4.13   7.37   1.44  
Northeast 2.39 (2.20 - 2.59) 4.02 (3.68 - 4.38) 7.76 (7.18 - 8.39) 1.29 (1.10 - 1.51)
Midwest 2.39 (2.23 - 2.56) 4.10 (3.81 - 4.40) 7.22 (6.78 - 7.68) 1.31 (1.15 - 1.50)
South 2.57 (2.40 - 2.75) 4.14 (3.85 - 4.45) 7.31 (6.85 - 7.81) 1.55 (1.37 - 1.76)
West 2.60 (2.38 - 2.84) 4.24 (3.84 - 4.69) 7.29 (6.72 - 7.91) 1.51 (1.29 - 1.78)
Alabama 2.45 (1.90 - 3.14) 3.64 (2.89 - 4.58) 6.81 (5.37 - 8.58) 1.54 (1.04 - 2.29)
Alaska 2.81 (2.21 - 3.56) 4.10 (3.30 - 5.10) 7.77 (6.13 - 9.80) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.47)
Arizona 2.58 (2.01 - 3.32) 4.07 (3.24 - 5.09) 6.72 (5.27 - 8.52) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.45)
Arkansas 2.85 (2.27 - 3.57) 4.85 (3.89 - 6.03) 8.17 (6.47 - 10.27) 1.70 (1.18 - 2.45)
California 2.57 (2.24 - 2.95) 4.19 (3.60 - 4.86) 7.07 (6.19 - 8.07) 1.48 (1.15 - 1.91)
Colorado 2.92 (2.31 - 3.69) 4.82 (3.86 - 6.02) 8.28 (6.61 - 10.33) 1.77 (1.22 - 2.58)
Connecticut 2.42 (1.93 - 3.03) 4.29 (3.48 - 5.28) 8.25 (6.56 - 10.32) 1.27 (0.86 - 1.86)
Delaware 2.92 (2.28 - 3.73) 4.19 (3.38 - 5.18) 8.68 (6.96 - 10.79) 1.78 (1.20 - 2.65)
District of Columbia 3.42 (2.65 - 4.40) 4.13 (3.22 - 5.29) 8.60 (6.79 - 10.83) 2.22 (1.51 - 3.27)
Florida 2.55 (2.19 - 2.97) 4.07 (3.50 - 4.73) 7.48 (6.56 - 8.51) 1.64 (1.26 - 2.14)
Georgia 2.79 (2.21 - 3.52) 4.11 (3.30 - 5.09) 7.67 (6.04 - 9.69) 1.76 (1.23 - 2.51)
Hawaii 2.27 (1.70 - 3.02) 3.76 (2.85 - 4.93) 6.47 (4.97 - 8.38) 1.44 (0.89 - 2.31)
Idaho 2.52 (2.01 - 3.16) 4.11 (3.33 - 5.07) 7.25 (5.76 - 9.08) 1.41 (0.97 - 2.05)
Illinois 2.29 (1.98 - 2.64) 4.06 (3.52 - 4.69) 6.72 (5.87 - 7.68) 1.25 (0.96 - 1.63)
Indiana 2.59 (2.13 - 3.15) 4.37 (3.56 - 5.36) 8.11 (6.66 - 9.84) 1.38 (0.98 - 1.94)
Iowa 1.90 (1.48 - 2.45) 3.56 (2.79 - 4.54) 5.60 (4.27 - 7.32) 1.01 (0.66 - 1.56)
Kansas 1.94 (1.50 - 2.50) 3.89 (3.11 - 4.87) 5.71 (4.33 - 7.48) 0.95 (0.61 - 1.47)
Kentucky 2.49 (1.99 - 3.11) 4.34 (3.52 - 5.33) 7.85 (6.30 - 9.75) 1.42 (0.98 - 2.04)
Louisiana 2.82 (2.24 - 3.56) 4.03 (3.24 - 5.01) 7.04 (5.63 - 8.77) 1.84 (1.26 - 2.66)
Maine 2.82 (2.23 - 3.55) 4.79 (3.87 - 5.93) 9.56 (7.78 - 11.70) 1.63 (1.10 - 2.40)
Maryland 2.60 (2.06 - 3.28) 3.98 (3.23 - 4.91) 7.56 (6.03 - 9.44) 1.60 (1.11 - 2.31)
Massachusetts 2.57 (2.07 - 3.19) 4.60 (3.71 - 5.70) 9.30 (7.45 - 11.57) 1.18 (0.79 - 1.75)
Michigan 2.44 (2.13 - 2.79) 4.20 (3.65 - 4.84) 7.47 (6.58 - 8.48) 1.33 (1.03 - 1.72)
Minnesota 2.34 (1.86 - 2.94) 3.98 (3.22 - 4.92) 6.89 (5.46 - 8.67) 1.30 (0.89 - 1.91)
Mississippi 2.42 (1.90 - 3.06) 3.71 (2.97 - 4.62) 6.68 (5.25 - 8.46) 1.43 (0.97 - 2.09)
Missouri 2.54 (2.02 - 3.20) 4.00 (3.21 - 4.97) 7.44 (5.97 - 9.24) 1.51 (1.04 - 2.19)
Montana 2.87 (2.26 - 3.63) 4.76 (3.81 - 5.94) 8.89 (7.11 - 11.08) 1.59 (1.07 - 2.34)
Nebraska 2.12 (1.63 - 2.74) 3.57 (2.81 - 4.53) 6.19 (4.78 - 7.99) 1.15 (0.74 - 1.78)
Nevada 2.48 (1.93 - 3.19) 4.31 (3.45 - 5.37) 6.96 (5.39 - 8.96) 1.56 (1.06 - 2.31)
New Hampshire 2.57 (2.06 - 3.21) 4.51 (3.68 - 5.51) 8.52 (6.90 - 10.47) 1.41 (0.96 - 2.06)
New Jersey 1.92 (1.49 - 2.46) 3.68 (2.90 - 4.66) 6.46 (4.99 - 8.34) 1.00 (0.67 - 1.51)
New Mexico 2.91 (2.29 - 3.69) 4.76 (3.78 - 5.97) 7.98 (6.34 - 10.00) 1.69 (1.13 - 2.52)
New York 2.67 (2.32 - 3.08) 3.97 (3.39 - 4.63) 8.04 (7.04 - 9.16) 1.56 (1.21 - 2.02)
North Carolina 2.59 (2.08 - 3.21) 4.01 (3.29 - 4.88) 8.10 (6.55 - 9.97) 1.52 (1.05 - 2.19)
North Dakota 1.88 (1.43 - 2.47) 3.40 (2.64 - 4.37) 5.31 (4.00 - 7.02) 0.90 (0.56 - 1.47)
Ohio 2.72 (2.38 - 3.10) 4.44 (3.84 - 5.13) 8.71 (7.73 - 9.79) 1.49 (1.15 - 1.91)
Oklahoma 2.45 (1.90 - 3.15) 4.08 (3.26 - 5.10) 6.45 (4.99 - 8.30) 1.49 (1.01 - 2.19)
Oregon 2.37 (1.88 - 2.98) 4.19 (3.37 - 5.20) 7.56 (6.01 - 9.46) 1.32 (0.91 - 1.91)
Pennsylvania 1.97 (1.68 - 2.31) 3.71 (3.15 - 4.36) 6.45 (5.56 - 7.46) 1.02 (0.75 - 1.38)
Rhode Island 3.71 (2.95 - 4.66) 5.21 (4.10 - 6.58) 12.11 (9.86 - 14.78) 1.97 (1.28 - 3.02)
South Carolina 2.84 (2.27 - 3.56) 4.36 (3.51 - 5.41) 8.20 (6.65 - 10.07) 1.76 (1.22 - 2.53)
South Dakota 1.95 (1.51 - 2.51) 3.49 (2.75 - 4.41) 5.86 (4.56 - 7.51) 1.01 (0.64 - 1.58)
Tennessee 2.55 (2.02 - 3.21) 4.22 (3.44 - 5.18) 8.06 (6.45 - 10.02) 1.47 (1.01 - 2.14)
Texas 2.44 (2.12 - 2.80) 4.26 (3.68 - 4.94) 6.28 (5.43 - 7.26) 1.42 (1.10 - 1.82)
Utah 2.65 (2.11 - 3.33) 4.06 (3.27 - 5.02) 6.33 (4.98 - 8.02) 1.45 (0.97 - 2.15)
Vermont 2.71 (2.17 - 3.38) 4.39 (3.55 - 5.42) 9.19 (7.51 - 11.20) 1.43 (0.96 - 2.13)
Virginia 2.52 (2.00 - 3.17) 4.27 (3.44 - 5.29) 7.99 (6.31 - 10.07) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.03)
Washington 2.64 (2.12 - 3.29) 4.32 (3.51 - 5.30) 8.56 (6.94 - 10.51) 1.46 (1.00 - 2.12)
West Virginia 2.34 (1.85 - 2.96) 3.96 (3.19 - 4.90) 8.06 (6.45 - 10.03) 1.31 (0.89 - 1.93)
Wisconsin 2.23 (1.75 - 2.85) 3.86 (3.09 - 4.82) 6.52 (5.12 - 8.27) 1.27 (0.85 - 1.89)
Wyoming 2.51 (2.00 - 3.15) 4.34 (3.50 - 5.37) 7.84 (6.27 - 9.75) 1.31 (0.88 - 1.94)
90309
Table B.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 12+
(Estimate)
12+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.23   5.18   16.68   5.87  
Northeast 6.74 (6.33 - 7.17) 4.97 (4.53 - 5.45) 16.59 (15.70 - 17.51) 5.33 (4.85 - 5.84)
Midwest 7.92 (7.57 - 8.28) 5.68 (5.30 - 6.10) 18.80 (18.07 - 19.55) 6.31 (5.90 - 6.75)
South 6.79 (6.46 - 7.13) 4.71 (4.38 - 5.08) 15.19 (14.52 - 15.89) 5.63 (5.24 - 6.05)
West 7.65 (7.21 - 8.13) 5.55 (5.04 - 6.12) 16.98 (16.03 - 17.98) 6.25 (5.72 - 6.83)
Alabama 5.95 (4.92 - 7.19) 4.53 (3.51 - 5.84) 12.10 (10.00 - 14.58) 5.09 (3.98 - 6.49)
Alaska 7.08 (5.93 - 8.42) 5.23 (4.08 - 6.69) 16.74 (14.09 - 19.79) 5.56 (4.34 - 7.10)
Arizona 7.04 (5.86 - 8.44) 4.75 (3.64 - 6.17) 15.14 (12.66 - 18.02) 5.95 (4.66 - 7.57)
Arkansas 7.80 (6.60 - 9.20) 6.63 (5.29 - 8.28) 17.53 (14.96 - 20.45) 6.33 (5.03 - 7.95)
California 7.80 (7.10 - 8.57) 5.55 (4.76 - 6.47) 16.80 (15.35 - 18.35) 6.43 (5.60 - 7.37)
Colorado 9.28 (7.96 - 10.79) 6.98 (5.59 - 8.68) 22.54 (19.64 - 25.73) 7.32 (5.91 - 9.04)
Connecticut 7.84 (6.66 - 9.22) 6.45 (5.12 - 8.10) 19.82 (17.02 - 22.95) 6.16 (4.90 - 7.73)
Delaware 6.36 (5.30 - 7.61) 4.31 (3.32 - 5.58) 14.31 (12.01 - 16.96) 5.28 (4.15 - 6.70)
District of Columbia 9.74 (8.34 - 11.36) 3.46 (2.49 - 4.81) 19.57 (16.80 - 22.67) 8.25 (6.68 - 10.16)
Florida 6.72 (6.02 - 7.50) 4.88 (4.14 - 5.73) 15.14 (13.76 - 16.63) 5.69 (4.89 - 6.61)
Georgia 6.52 (5.40 - 7.85) 4.15 (3.19 - 5.39) 14.04 (11.83 - 16.59) 5.55 (4.32 - 7.10)
Hawaii 8.66 (7.11 - 10.51) 5.51 (4.15 - 7.27) 19.13 (16.17 - 22.50) 7.44 (5.71 - 9.64)
Idaho 7.39 (6.29 - 8.66) 6.13 (4.85 - 7.71) 18.17 (15.60 - 21.05) 5.58 (4.43 - 7.01)
Illinois 7.84 (7.13 - 8.61) 5.49 (4.72 - 6.37) 18.32 (16.77 - 19.97) 6.28 (5.45 - 7.23)
Indiana 6.72 (5.66 - 7.97) 4.75 (3.68 - 6.10) 16.13 (13.84 - 18.71) 5.35 (4.19 - 6.80)
Iowa 8.80 (7.53 - 10.26) 6.91 (5.56 - 8.55) 19.74 (17.03 - 22.77) 7.07 (5.67 - 8.78)
Kansas 8.14 (6.92 - 9.55) 6.31 (5.04 - 7.88) 19.86 (16.97 - 23.11) 6.16 (4.90 - 7.73)
Kentucky 5.76 (4.79 - 6.91) 4.54 (3.53 - 5.83) 13.73 (11.59 - 16.19) 4.65 (3.60 - 5.98)
Louisiana 7.15 (5.96 - 8.54) 4.40 (3.38 - 5.71) 14.15 (11.90 - 16.74) 6.18 (4.87 - 7.81)
Maine 7.16 (6.01 - 8.52) 5.58 (4.38 - 7.08) 18.52 (15.93 - 21.42) 5.74 (4.48 - 7.31)
Maryland 7.30 (6.15 - 8.65) 4.95 (3.88 - 6.31) 17.83 (15.32 - 20.65) 5.87 (4.63 - 7.42)
Massachusetts 8.79 (7.46 - 10.33) 5.92 (4.63 - 7.55) 20.45 (17.62 - 23.59) 7.15 (5.69 - 8.95)
Michigan 7.70 (7.01 - 8.46) 5.34 (4.59 - 6.19) 18.17 (16.74 - 19.69) 6.24 (5.43 - 7.16)
Minnesota 9.09 (7.79 - 10.58) 6.69 (5.30 - 8.43) 21.76 (18.90 - 24.92) 7.15 (5.74 - 8.88)
Mississippi 6.04 (4.99 - 7.30) 3.78 (2.89 - 4.94) 13.45 (11.23 - 16.03) 4.99 (3.85 - 6.44)
Missouri 7.59 (6.48 - 8.86) 5.46 (4.31 - 6.89) 18.03 (15.60 - 20.75) 6.08 (4.89 - 7.55)
Montana 8.91 (7.71 - 10.28) 7.69 (6.13 - 9.59) 22.50 (19.54 - 25.76) 6.73 (5.45 - 8.29)
Nebraska 8.33 (7.11 - 9.74) 6.09 (4.80 - 7.71) 19.56 (16.88 - 22.56) 6.51 (5.19 - 8.14)
Nevada 7.88 (6.57 - 9.42) 6.01 (4.67 - 7.69) 16.60 (14.04 - 19.53) 6.79 (5.37 - 8.56)
New Hampshire 7.79 (6.57 - 9.21) 5.99 (4.70 - 7.60) 20.73 (17.92 - 23.85) 6.02 (4.72 - 7.65)
New Jersey 6.21 (5.16 - 7.45) 4.87 (3.75 - 6.29) 15.34 (12.91 - 18.12) 5.00 (3.89 - 6.41)
New Mexico 7.73 (6.51 - 9.16) 6.18 (4.85 - 7.84) 17.45 (14.87 - 20.38) 6.12 (4.80 - 7.78)
New York 6.29 (5.62 - 7.03) 4.56 (3.85 - 5.40) 15.10 (13.66 - 16.66) 4.96 (4.19 - 5.85)
North Carolina 6.21 (5.21 - 7.38) 4.09 (3.16 - 5.28) 14.78 (12.57 - 17.31) 5.10 (4.02 - 6.46)
North Dakota 9.42 (8.20 - 10.81) 6.96 (5.52 - 8.74) 21.87 (19.10 - 24.93) 6.93 (5.59 - 8.55)
Ohio 7.53 (6.84 - 8.29) 5.49 (4.77 - 6.32) 17.66 (16.25 - 19.16) 6.10 (5.31 - 7.00)
Oklahoma 6.56 (5.45 - 7.87) 4.40 (3.35 - 5.78) 15.23 (12.78 - 18.06) 5.24 (4.05 - 6.75)
Oregon 6.37 (5.30 - 7.64) 5.06 (3.93 - 6.50) 15.38 (13.06 - 18.02) 5.10 (3.97 - 6.52)
Pennsylvania 6.08 (5.47 - 6.76) 4.52 (3.85 - 5.29) 15.92 (14.54 - 17.40) 4.67 (3.97 - 5.49)
Rhode Island 8.27 (7.00 - 9.74) 5.46 (4.26 - 6.98) 18.36 (15.66 - 21.41) 6.74 (5.38 - 8.43)
South Carolina 7.37 (6.23 - 8.70) 4.82 (3.78 - 6.13) 15.76 (13.45 - 18.39) 6.32 (5.05 - 7.88)
South Dakota 9.11 (7.86 - 10.53) 6.57 (5.21 - 8.26) 21.80 (18.99 - 24.89) 7.08 (5.72 - 8.73)
Tennessee 7.06 (5.98 - 8.32) 5.22 (4.12 - 6.60) 17.32 (14.79 - 20.19) 5.69 (4.53 - 7.11)
Texas 7.05 (6.37 - 7.79) 4.95 (4.23 - 5.80) 14.79 (13.37 - 16.34) 5.86 (5.08 - 6.77)
Utah 6.16 (5.09 - 7.43) 4.08 (3.03 - 5.46) 13.03 (10.77 - 15.68) 4.72 (3.59 - 6.19)
Vermont 7.70 (6.55 - 9.03) 5.82 (4.60 - 7.35) 20.21 (17.60 - 23.10) 5.86 (4.65 - 7.36)
Virginia 7.13 (6.02 - 8.44) 4.76 (3.72 - 6.06) 17.43 (14.89 - 20.30) 5.73 (4.54 - 7.22)
Washington 7.04 (5.97 - 8.28) 5.31 (4.17 - 6.73) 16.90 (14.47 - 19.64) 5.66 (4.51 - 7.07)
West Virginia 5.93 (4.95 - 7.09) 4.44 (3.41 - 5.77) 15.49 (13.07 - 18.27) 4.68 (3.65 - 5.97)
Wisconsin 8.86 (7.62 - 10.28) 6.20 (4.96 - 7.73) 22.07 (19.28 - 25.14) 6.91 (5.56 - 8.56)
Wyoming 9.05 (7.81 - 10.47) 7.51 (6.04 - 9.31) 20.90 (18.27 - 23.79) 7.11 (5.73 - 8.79)
90309
Table B.23 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Serious psychological distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 State reports, the 2002-2004 substate report, and the 2004 and earlier national results reports. For details, see Section A.9 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 11.10   17.76   9.95  
Northeast 10.64 (10.08 - 11.22) 17.92 (17.08 - 18.80) 9.43 (8.81 - 10.09)
Midwest 11.54 (11.07 - 12.03) 18.53 (17.87 - 19.22) 10.31 (9.78 - 10.86)
South 11.43 (10.95 - 11.92) 17.39 (16.74 - 18.07) 10.41 (9.88 - 10.97)
West 10.55 (9.95 - 11.17) 17.45 (16.53 - 18.42) 9.29 (8.62 - 10.00)
Alabama 11.49 (9.93 - 13.25) 18.12 (15.80 - 20.69) 10.35 (8.67 - 12.32)
Alaska 11.28 (9.69 - 13.10) 18.48 (15.94 - 21.32) 9.94 (8.22 - 11.96)
Arizona 12.02 (10.34 - 13.92) 18.34 (15.89 - 21.08) 10.92 (9.11 - 13.04)
Arkansas 12.98 (11.23 - 14.97) 18.62 (16.05 - 21.49) 12.04 (10.14 - 14.24)
California 9.81 (8.93 - 10.77) 16.81 (15.43 - 18.30) 8.49 (7.50 - 9.59)
Colorado 11.21 (9.67 - 12.96) 18.67 (16.25 - 21.35) 9.94 (8.29 - 11.89)
Connecticut 10.12 (8.68 - 11.77) 19.63 (17.07 - 22.46) 8.64 (7.13 - 10.45)
Delaware 10.48 (9.03 - 12.14) 17.07 (14.83 - 19.58) 9.37 (7.80 - 11.23)
District of Columbia 11.54 (10.01 - 13.26) 18.38 (15.85 - 21.22) 10.05 (8.38 - 12.01)
Florida 10.21 (9.27 - 11.24) 16.10 (14.75 - 17.55) 9.34 (8.31 - 10.48)
Georgia 12.08 (10.47 - 13.90) 18.16 (15.72 - 20.89) 11.03 (9.30 - 13.03)
Hawaii 8.18 (6.94 - 9.62) 16.19 (13.91 - 18.77) 6.95 (5.65 - 8.54)
Idaho 11.52 (10.01 - 13.22) 17.58 (15.23 - 20.19) 10.40 (8.76 - 12.31)
Illinois 10.31 (9.42 - 11.28) 17.17 (15.76 - 18.67) 9.08 (8.09 - 10.18)
Indiana 12.77 (11.17 - 14.57) 20.33 (18.02 - 22.84) 11.45 (9.68 - 13.49)
Iowa 11.36 (9.85 - 13.08) 18.60 (16.21 - 21.24) 10.05 (8.43 - 11.95)
Kansas 11.87 (10.25 - 13.71) 17.44 (14.96 - 20.23) 10.81 (9.05 - 12.87)
Kentucky 13.57 (11.79 - 15.57) 19.48 (17.07 - 22.14) 12.64 (10.69 - 14.88)
Louisiana 12.65 (10.89 - 14.65) 17.97 (15.70 - 20.48) 11.62 (9.68 - 13.90)
Maine 12.53 (10.88 - 14.39) 20.26 (17.89 - 22.86) 11.43 (9.64 - 13.50)
Maryland 9.69 (8.35 - 11.23) 17.65 (15.27 - 20.30) 8.38 (6.96 - 10.05)
Massachusetts 10.44 (8.96 - 12.12) 17.66 (15.28 - 20.32) 9.20 (7.62 - 11.07)
Michigan 11.97 (10.98 - 13.03) 19.18 (17.75 - 20.69) 10.73 (9.63 - 11.94)
Minnesota 10.87 (9.37 - 12.58) 17.92 (15.64 - 20.45) 9.62 (7.99 - 11.54)
Mississippi 12.00 (10.33 - 13.90) 17.88 (15.46 - 20.59) 10.90 (9.09 - 13.02)
Missouri 13.00 (11.37 - 14.82) 19.07 (16.71 - 21.68) 11.96 (10.19 - 13.99)
Montana 11.28 (9.80 - 12.96) 18.59 (16.23 - 21.20) 10.03 (8.44 - 11.88)
Nebraska 12.06 (10.44 - 13.89) 18.39 (16.03 - 21.02) 10.86 (9.09 - 12.92)
Nevada 11.96 (10.28 - 13.87) 19.22 (16.60 - 22.14) 10.85 (9.05 - 12.96)
New Hampshire 11.19 (9.69 - 12.89) 19.52 (17.09 - 22.21) 9.91 (8.30 - 11.79)
New Jersey 9.70 (8.30 - 11.31) 17.40 (15.02 - 20.07) 8.54 (7.05 - 10.31)
New Mexico 12.65 (10.83 - 14.73) 17.61 (15.12 - 20.41) 11.72 (9.68 - 14.12)
New York 10.97 (10.00 - 12.02) 17.50 (16.02 - 19.08) 9.82 (8.75 - 11.01)
North Carolina 10.88 (9.33 - 12.67) 16.58 (14.42 - 19.00) 9.97 (8.28 - 11.96)
North Dakota 12.26 (10.67 - 14.04) 17.31 (15.09 - 19.78) 11.11 (9.34 - 13.17)
Ohio 11.54 (10.58 - 12.58) 18.90 (17.48 - 20.42) 10.30 (9.25 - 11.47)
Oklahoma 14.04 (12.12 - 16.21) 18.68 (16.19 - 21.45) 13.18 (11.07 - 15.63)
Oregon 11.00 (9.54 - 12.66) 19.04 (16.61 - 21.73) 9.72 (8.16 - 11.56)
Pennsylvania 10.50 (9.61 - 11.47) 17.91 (16.51 - 19.39) 9.29 (8.30 - 10.38)
Rhode Island 12.81 (11.06 - 14.80) 20.63 (17.99 - 23.55) 11.36 (9.45 - 13.60)
South Carolina 12.17 (10.56 - 13.98) 17.61 (15.35 - 20.12) 11.27 (9.51 - 13.30)
South Dakota 10.13 (8.67 - 11.80) 16.31 (13.98 - 18.94) 8.97 (7.41 - 10.84)
Tennessee 13.65 (11.81 - 15.72) 20.59 (18.09 - 23.34) 12.56 (10.56 - 14.87)
Texas 10.69 (9.72 - 11.74) 15.73 (14.38 - 17.18) 9.71 (8.62 - 10.92)
Utah 12.59 (11.04 - 14.31) 19.64 (17.10 - 22.46) 10.74 (9.05 - 12.70)
Vermont 11.84 (10.25 - 13.64) 19.54 (17.11 - 22.23) 10.56 (8.85 - 12.55)
Virginia 10.93 (9.48 - 12.58) 18.93 (16.53 - 21.60) 9.61 (8.04 - 11.44)
Washington 10.43 (8.95 - 12.11) 16.57 (14.36 - 19.04) 9.42 (7.83 - 11.31)
West Virginia 14.42 (12.55 - 16.52) 21.00 (18.48 - 23.76) 13.44 (11.40 - 15.79)
Wisconsin 11.13 (9.63 - 12.83) 18.91 (16.54 - 21.53) 9.78 (8.17 - 11.66)
Wyoming 12.56 (10.93 - 14.40) 19.65 (17.22 - 22.33) 11.28 (9.52 - 13.31)
90309
Table B.24 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2006 and 2007 NSDUHs
State 18+
(Estimate)
18+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
12-17
(Estimate)
12-17
(95% Prediction
Interval)
18-25
(Estimate)
18-25
(95% Prediction
Interval)
26+
(Estimate)
26+
(95% Prediction
Interval)
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2006 and 2007.
Total U.S. 7.34   8.04   8.96   7.05  
Northeast 6.99 (6.51 - 7.51) 7.73 (7.21 - 8.29) 8.87 (8.27 - 9.51) 6.68 (6.14 - 7.26)
Midwest 7.65 (7.25 - 8.07) 8.17 (7.73 - 8.64) 9.57 (9.08 - 10.08) 7.31 (6.86 - 7.80)
South 7.54 (7.14 - 7.96) 8.18 (7.74 - 8.64) 8.81 (8.34 - 9.30) 7.33 (6.87 - 7.81)
West 6.99 (6.48 - 7.53) 7.92 (7.34 - 8.54) 8.67 (8.04 - 9.35) 6.68 (6.11 - 7.30)
Alabama 6.89 (5.68 - 8.33) 7.68 (6.31 - 9.32) 8.75 (7.21 - 10.60) 6.57 (5.24 - 8.20)
Alaska 7.58 (6.18 - 9.26) 8.03 (6.62 - 9.70) 9.14 (7.43 - 11.19) 7.28 (5.74 - 9.20)
Arizona 7.61 (6.22 - 9.28) 8.09 (6.66 - 9.80) 9.22 (7.57 - 11.19) 7.33 (5.80 - 9.23)
Arkansas 8.84 (7.35 - 10.60) 8.18 (6.80 - 9.82) 10.46 (8.74 - 12.46) 8.57 (6.92 - 10.57)
California 6.39 (5.62 - 7.25) 7.60 (6.72 - 8.58) 8.14 (7.19 - 9.21) 6.06 (5.19 - 7.06)
Colorado 7.42 (6.09 - 9.01) 9.00 (7.44 - 10.85) 9.38 (7.70 - 11.39) 7.08 (5.63 - 8.88)
Connecticut 6.90 (5.64 - 8.41) 7.62 (6.30 - 9.19) 9.38 (7.66 - 11.45) 6.51 (5.16 - 8.19)
Delaware 6.98 (5.67 - 8.57) 8.91 (7.40 - 10.70) 8.77 (7.14 - 10.74) 6.68 (5.25 - 8.47)
District of Columbia 8.05 (6.57 - 9.83) 7.43 (5.98 - 9.20) 9.05 (7.30 - 11.16) 7.84 (6.18 - 9.89)
Florida 6.84 (6.00 - 7.78) 7.57 (6.64 - 8.63) 8.01 (7.04 - 9.10) 6.66 (5.74 - 7.72)
Georgia 7.55 (6.14 - 9.25) 8.48 (7.04 - 10.19) 8.21 (6.71 - 10.01) 7.43 (5.87 - 9.36)
Hawaii 5.02 (3.94 - 6.38) 8.26 (6.66 - 10.21) 7.20 (5.62 - 9.17) 4.69 (3.52 - 6.21)
Idaho 8.24 (6.84 - 9.90) 8.78 (7.31 - 10.51) 9.45 (7.83 - 11.37) 8.01 (6.45 - 9.92)
Illinois 6.49 (5.75 - 7.32) 7.35 (6.46 - 8.35) 8.74 (7.75 - 9.85) 6.09 (5.27 - 7.02)
Indiana 8.80 (7.35 - 10.50) 8.42 (6.96 - 10.17) 10.72 (8.99 - 12.75) 8.46 (6.87 - 10.39)
Iowa 7.51 (6.30 - 8.92) 7.86 (6.54 - 9.41) 9.93 (8.26 - 11.89) 7.07 (5.75 - 8.67)
Kansas 7.52 (6.23 - 9.05) 9.32 (7.74 - 11.20) 9.81 (8.07 - 11.88) 7.09 (5.68 - 8.81)
Kentucky 8.95 (7.44 - 10.72) 9.75 (8.16 - 11.61) 9.89 (8.28 - 11.76) 8.80 (7.13 - 10.81)
Louisiana 8.20 (6.76 - 9.91) 8.27 (6.84 - 9.95) 9.27 (7.67 - 11.17) 7.99 (6.39 - 9.96)
Maine 9.04 (7.51 - 10.84) 8.70 (7.21 - 10.48) 11.33 (9.45 - 13.52) 8.71 (7.05 - 10.73)
Maryland 6.69 (5.52 - 8.08) 7.71 (6.35 - 9.32) 8.42 (6.86 - 10.31) 6.40 (5.12 - 7.96)
Massachusetts 7.63 (6.30 - 9.21) 8.04 (6.63 - 9.72) 9.15 (7.52 - 11.08) 7.37 (5.91 - 9.16)
Michigan 8.15 (7.29 - 9.11) 8.11 (7.21 - 9.11) 10.18 (9.10 - 11.38) 7.80 (6.85 - 8.88)
Minnesota 7.20 (5.92 - 8.73) 8.93 (7.41 - 10.73) 8.99 (7.40 - 10.88) 6.88 (5.49 - 8.60)
Mississippi 6.80 (5.56 - 8.29) 7.55 (6.18 - 9.20) 8.04 (6.52 - 9.86) 6.57 (5.19 - 8.28)
Missouri 8.57 (7.13 - 10.27) 9.11 (7.50 - 11.02) 9.71 (8.07 - 11.64) 8.38 (6.78 - 10.31)
Montana 8.33 (6.95 - 9.97) 8.85 (7.38 - 10.57) 10.47 (8.75 - 12.48) 7.97 (6.43 - 9.83)
Nebraska 7.04 (5.72 - 8.63) 7.48 (6.17 - 9.03) 8.41 (6.88 - 10.24) 6.78 (5.33 - 8.59)
Nevada 9.10 (7.45 - 11.07) 8.14 (6.62 - 9.97) 10.68 (8.73 - 12.99) 8.86 (7.05 - 11.08)
New Hampshire 9.02 (7.48 - 10.85) 9.08 (7.55 - 10.87) 10.37 (8.60 - 12.46) 8.82 (7.13 - 10.85)
New Jersey 6.27 (5.04 - 7.78) 7.98 (6.63 - 9.58) 8.40 (6.79 - 10.35) 5.95 (4.62 - 7.64)
New Mexico 7.68 (6.24 - 9.41) 9.09 (7.53 - 10.93) 9.32 (7.64 - 11.31) 7.37 (5.77 - 9.37)
New York 6.95 (6.11 - 7.90) 7.25 (6.37 - 8.25) 8.53 (7.52 - 9.66) 6.67 (5.73 - 7.76)
North Carolina 7.71 (6.36 - 9.32) 8.46 (7.05 - 10.12) 8.59 (7.13 - 10.32) 7.57 (6.08 - 9.38)
North Dakota 8.39 (7.01 - 10.01) 8.40 (7.00 - 10.05) 10.51 (8.73 - 12.61) 7.91 (6.37 - 9.78)
Ohio 7.89 (7.04 - 8.82) 7.98 (7.14 - 8.92) 9.62 (8.61 - 10.72) 7.60 (6.66 - 8.66)
Oklahoma 9.12 (7.48 - 11.07) 8.61 (7.04 - 10.49) 10.47 (8.57 - 12.75) 8.86 (7.05 - 11.10)
Oregon 7.23 (5.96 - 8.74) 7.94 (6.54 - 9.62) 9.74 (8.03 - 11.77) 6.83 (5.46 - 8.51)
Pennsylvania 6.64 (5.89 - 7.48) 7.91 (7.05 - 8.88) 8.95 (7.96 - 10.05) 6.26 (5.42 - 7.22)
Rhode Island 7.91 (6.53 - 9.56) 7.32 (5.96 - 8.95) 9.28 (7.57 - 11.32) 7.66 (6.14 - 9.52)
South Carolina 7.57 (6.25 - 9.14) 8.52 (7.12 - 10.17) 9.11 (7.52 - 10.99) 7.31 (5.86 - 9.08)
South Dakota 6.28 (5.10 - 7.71) 7.85 (6.40 - 9.59) 8.63 (6.99 - 10.62) 5.84 (4.57 - 7.44)
Tennessee 9.82 (8.10 - 11.85) 8.47 (7.04 - 10.17) 10.36 (8.55 - 12.51) 9.73 (7.85 - 12.01)
Texas 6.88 (6.08 - 7.77) 7.86 (6.97 - 8.85) 8.17 (7.20 - 9.25) 6.63 (5.73 - 7.65)
Utah 8.07 (6.73 - 9.66) 8.27 (6.86 - 9.94) 9.36 (7.75 - 11.25) 7.74 (6.20 - 9.62)
Vermont 8.53 (7.08 - 10.25) 8.57 (7.12 - 10.29) 10.24 (8.61 - 12.13) 8.25 (6.64 - 10.20)
Virginia 7.73 (6.36 - 9.37) 9.17 (7.60 - 11.02) 9.95 (8.25 - 11.94) 7.36 (5.86 - 9.21)
Washington 7.53 (6.19 - 9.13) 7.69 (6.36 - 9.26) 8.49 (7.02 - 10.24) 7.37 (5.89 - 9.18)
West Virginia 9.15 (7.60 - 10.98) 8.44 (7.00 - 10.15) 11.89 (9.94 - 14.16) 8.74 (7.06 - 10.78)
Wisconsin 7.49 (6.19 - 9.04) 8.47 (7.08 - 10.12) 9.47 (7.89 - 11.33) 7.14 (5.71 - 8.91)
Wyoming 8.53 (7.16 - 10.14) 9.69 (8.08 - 11.58) 11.07 (9.21 - 13.25) 8.07 (6.57 - 9.89)

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