State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health from the
2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

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Appendix C:
Tables of Change between the 2004-2005 and the 2005-2006 Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Measure

71003
Table C.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 8.02   8.19 0.155 10.25 9.84 0.021 19.76   19.97 0.426 5.65   5.91 0.113
Northeast 8.66   8.79 0.563 10.83 10.15 0.061 23.82   22.91 0.123 5.93   6.31 0.171
Midwest 7.66   7.79 0.405 10.11   9.89 0.417 18.89   19.08 0.597 5.30   5.49 0.353
South 7.47   7.58 0.474 9.73   9.51 0.369 18.31   18.70 0.287 5.25   5.39 0.496
West 8.72   9.07 0.153 10.74 10.04 0.083 19.80   20.55 0.160 6.41   6.83 0.167
                         
Alabama 7.33   7.36 0.953 10.93   10.78 0.872 18.57   17.65 0.502 4.85   5.13 0.675
Alaska 12.16   11.10 0.170 12.98   11.11 0.118 23.47   22.34 0.504 9.80   8.92 0.370
Arizona 7.33   8.07 0.234 11.16   10.84 0.750 15.14   17.55 0.103 5.37   6.00 0.383
Arkansas 7.63   8.35 0.217 11.20   12.11 0.439 18.45   19.66 0.398 5.21   5.88 0.325
California 8.85   9.09 0.529 10.58   9.71 0.160 19.55   20.22 0.415 6.64   6.93 0.541
Colorado 9.94   9.99 0.941 11.98   10.26 0.137 26.89   26.47 0.808 6.68   7.09 0.598
Connecticut 9.02   9.18 0.813 11.21   10.26 0.330 26.54   26.38 0.934 6.06   6.38 0.673
Delaware 8.33   8.07 0.652 11.13   10.45 0.498 24.56 21.56 0.078 5.18   5.47 0.663
District of Columbia 9.51 11.05 0.062 10.51   10.92 0.710 22.04   22.98 0.627 7.17 8.76 0.091
Florida 8.30   8.13 0.620 10.50   10.18 0.598 21.34   21.61 0.757 6.08   5.86 0.603
Georgia 7.52   7.80 0.662 8.81   8.71 0.913 17.39   18.04 0.655 5.52   5.83 0.680
Hawaii 8.38   8.03 0.596 10.82   10.59 0.840 20.35   19.57 0.584 6.23   5.94 0.718
Idaho 6.98   7.19 0.700 9.30   8.65 0.472 16.32   17.02 0.551 4.72   5.04 0.635
Illinois 7.49   7.36 0.701 9.41   10.02 0.250 18.65   18.48 0.835 5.23   5.01 0.569
Indiana 7.37   8.08 0.191 9.97   9.70 0.780 18.52   20.14 0.260 4.98   5.68 0.262
Iowa 5.88   6.32 0.368 9.49   9.95 0.641 14.49   15.46 0.453 3.83   4.18 0.542
Kansas 7.19   7.88 0.220 9.92   8.93 0.373 16.69   18.05 0.347 4.96   5.79 0.207
Kentucky 8.39 6.98 0.019 11.30   10.08 0.213 18.21   17.22 0.491 6.35 4.91 0.043
Louisiana 8.18   8.37 0.758 8.99   9.34 0.701 18.90   19.03 0.928 5.90   6.12 0.752
Maine 9.45   9.99 0.418 14.44   13.48 0.409 25.76 28.92 0.059 6.30   6.73 0.581
Maryland 6.57   6.22 0.478 9.14   8.10 0.207 16.24   15.91 0.806 4.64   4.38 0.653
Massachusetts 9.37   9.96 0.375 12.34   11.51 0.462 29.03   27.41 0.358 5.82   6.88 0.179
Michigan 8.72   8.76 0.908 10.57   10.38 0.751 22.03   21.06 0.260 6.11   6.39 0.545
Minnesota 8.17   8.15 0.972 10.27   10.28 0.990 19.01   19.03 0.985 5.92   5.89 0.969
Mississippi 6.65   7.49 0.153 8.82   8.59 0.785 14.57 17.18 0.045 4.76   5.46 0.328
Missouri 7.66   8.00 0.563 10.92   9.96 0.337 18.28   19.02 0.586 5.32   5.78 0.501
Montana 9.79   10.65 0.225 12.73   13.46 0.544 23.07   24.22 0.448 6.98   7.88 0.303
Nebraska 6.47   7.05 0.287 9.58   8.97 0.512 17.03   18.36 0.348 3.98   4.62 0.319
Nevada 8.31   9.39 0.130 10.16   10.45 0.795 19.74   21.21 0.332 6.22   7.38 0.164
New Hampshire 8.88   8.85 0.959 10.98   10.55 0.667 26.45   27.14 0.697 5.78   5.72 0.934
New Jersey 7.21   7.44 0.659 9.64   9.27 0.713 20.45   19.62 0.593 4.91   5.37 0.445
New Mexico 8.87   8.34 0.445 13.00   11.66 0.278 20.04   20.31 0.870 6.12   5.58 0.509
New York 9.24   9.38 0.727 11.05   10.39 0.284 23.80   22.91 0.357 6.59   6.94 0.457
North Carolina 7.31   7.69 0.475 10.87   10.39 0.616 17.39   19.08 0.203 5.16   5.47 0.602
North Dakota 6.16   5.66 0.323 8.53 6.76 0.060 13.14   13.55 0.735 4.42   3.85 0.369
Ohio 7.82   7.93 0.755 10.26   9.92 0.533 19.48   19.62 0.867 5.47   5.65 0.659
Oklahoma 8.07   8.43 0.625 11.37   10.17 0.306 18.04   17.18 0.562 5.70   6.53 0.336
Oregon 9.63   9.58 0.944 12.18   11.26 0.390 23.96   22.01 0.196 6.86   7.32 0.532
Pennsylvania 7.91   7.65 0.432 9.77   8.98 0.166 21.25 19.51 0.037 5.47   5.53 0.885
Rhode Island 10.67   11.21 0.469 13.32   12.68 0.607 29.69   30.67 0.575 6.90   7.47 0.526
South Carolina 7.32   7.25 0.895 9.97   9.61 0.696 17.78   19.01 0.357 5.11   4.90 0.731
South Dakota 6.50   6.89 0.464 9.89   10.07 0.848 14.94   16.42 0.245 4.34   4.62 0.683
Tennessee 7.99   8.89 0.133 10.03   10.14 0.910 19.17 22.19 0.056 5.86   6.54 0.311
Texas 6.76   6.78 0.935 8.85   8.68 0.732 17.14   16.77 0.619 4.38   4.53 0.666
Utah 7.55   6.83 0.175 8.93   8.15 0.366 14.24   12.93 0.241 5.46   4.95 0.456
Vermont 10.66   11.01 0.628 13.37   12.66 0.509 29.58   31.01 0.360 7.08   7.39 0.726
Virginia 6.76   7.26 0.386 8.31   9.05 0.447 18.32   18.78 0.756 4.64   5.14 0.448
Washington 8.45 10.03 0.022 9.62   10.21 0.576 20.89 24.31 0.028 6.14 7.59 0.070
West Virginia 7.70   7.95 0.667 10.59   10.16 0.657 21.33   23.16 0.232 5.24   5.39 0.826
Wisconsin 7.48   7.17 0.576 10.55   9.43 0.268 19.18   18.74 0.768 4.97   4.83 0.821
Wyoming 7.62 8.67 0.098 10.05   10.36 0.762 18.15 20.71 0.090 5.28   6.20 0.213
71003
Table C.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 10.51   10.37 0.315 13.92 13.26 0.003 27.94   28.03 0.775 6.98   6.90 0.638
Northeast 11.62   11.64 0.904 14.88   14.58 0.495 32.93   32.59 0.570 7.75   7.84 0.752
Midwest 10.40   10.23 0.325 13.94 12.94 0.002 27.80   27.66 0.737 6.78   6.74 0.872
South 9.46   9.24 0.189 13.03 12.38 0.034 25.54   25.55 0.975 6.15   5.99 0.463
West 11.34   11.27 0.776 14.52   13.90 0.200 28.02   28.72 0.249 7.83   7.70 0.684
                         
Alabama 8.76   7.99 0.190 12.65   11.01 0.142 24.56 21.36 0.040 5.43   5.27 0.809
Alaska 16.03 14.42 0.055 16.64   15.66 0.493 34.74   33.28 0.411 12.25   10.56 0.105
Arizona 9.88   8.95 0.142 16.01   14.53 0.221 23.55   23.88 0.840 6.53   5.52 0.178
Arkansas 9.61   10.01 0.500 13.70   14.32 0.597 26.08   25.96 0.943 6.11   6.65 0.434
California 11.41   11.34 0.860 13.92   13.14 0.279 27.73   28.36 0.501 8.06   7.91 0.776
Colorado 12.38   12.73 0.639 16.56   16.07 0.697 32.60 35.97 0.067 8.26   8.26 0.998
Connecticut 13.66   13.23 0.575 18.55   16.44 0.135 37.76   37.39 0.854 9.34   9.09 0.781
Delaware 10.78   10.45 0.621 14.23   13.33 0.426 30.87   30.24 0.718 6.87   6.70 0.820
District of Columbia 14.77   15.03 0.783 14.37   13.38 0.393 33.85   36.89 0.133 11.39   10.97 0.711
Florida 10.08   9.69 0.296 14.48   13.67 0.203 29.41   29.50 0.921 6.64   6.25 0.374
Georgia 9.61   9.79 0.798 12.12   11.57 0.627 25.19   26.18 0.549 6.39   6.60 0.799
Hawaii 10.99   10.19 0.213 14.41   14.32 0.954 28.99   28.42 0.752 7.80   6.88 0.239
Idaho 9.44   9.24 0.710 12.81   11.97 0.463 25.44   25.64 0.890 5.65   5.59 0.930
Illinois 9.99 9.38 0.094 13.36   12.57 0.194 27.11   26.46 0.499 6.47   5.88 0.180
Indiana 9.60   9.32 0.636 13.21   11.96 0.248 27.60   26.60 0.523 5.81   5.85 0.951
Iowa 8.00   8.02 0.964 10.85   11.57 0.529 22.64   21.47 0.437 4.93   5.10 0.777
Kansas 10.15   10.86 0.267 14.15   13.45 0.578 25.54   28.45 0.111 6.59   7.13 0.468
Kentucky 9.81   8.74 0.103 13.01   12.15 0.457 24.20   24.56 0.815 6.96   5.72 0.112
Louisiana 9.31   9.58 0.691 11.39   11.76 0.741 24.54   24.12 0.784 5.93   6.38 0.566
Maine 12.61   13.31 0.332 18.37   17.61 0.569 36.75 39.99 0.066 8.15   8.80 0.469
Maryland 10.16   9.18 0.120 14.49 12.26 0.059 28.36   28.06 0.865 6.59   5.66 0.209
Massachusetts 12.53   12.91 0.631 16.67   16.27 0.767 37.79   38.14 0.849 7.93   8.31 0.691
Michigan 11.98   11.92 0.893 14.44   13.74 0.301 32.41   32.59 0.850 8.04   8.07 0.954
Minnesota 11.59   11.25 0.627 15.16   13.45 0.136 28.13   27.95 0.914 8.09   7.92 0.836
Mississippi 8.26   8.45 0.736 10.97   10.65 0.743 20.43   21.30 0.550 5.44   5.66 0.752
Missouri 10.60   10.05 0.397 14.97 13.00 0.090 27.00   24.90 0.190 7.07   7.01 0.944
Montana 13.54   14.10 0.420 18.34   17.06 0.342 35.37   36.72 0.440 8.94   9.70 0.371
Nebraska 9.05   9.39 0.535 11.57   11.02 0.598 23.08   25.32 0.159 5.96   6.10 0.836
Nevada 10.43   10.77 0.648 14.71   14.36 0.798 27.57   27.58 0.995 7.10   7.62 0.545
New Hampshire 12.59   12.33 0.724 14.60   14.02 0.608 36.20   38.09 0.301 8.54   8.03 0.544
New Jersey 9.33   9.60 0.662 12.55   13.15 0.615 28.44   28.83 0.827 6.05   6.24 0.790
New Mexico 11.04   10.30 0.280 17.21   15.89 0.349 28.00   27.89 0.953 6.89   6.12 0.354
New York 11.98   12.15 0.677 14.65   14.60 0.955 32.34   31.95 0.708 8.26   8.45 0.685
North Carolina 9.98   9.90 0.896 13.48   12.81 0.545 27.17   27.48 0.851 6.65   6.65 0.996
North Dakota 8.53 7.48 0.036 12.32   10.55 0.137 23.60 20.67 0.069 4.94   4.28 0.231
Ohio 10.12   10.63 0.169 13.76   13.61 0.807 27.31   28.26 0.286 6.65   7.21 0.222
Oklahoma 8.95   8.71 0.686 14.66   12.90 0.178 23.11   21.38 0.277 5.45   5.75 0.662
Oregon 13.64   13.25 0.571 18.47   17.98 0.708 35.02   32.92 0.228 9.39   9.41 0.984
Pennsylvania 10.96   10.45 0.202 14.11   13.55 0.418 30.93 29.22 0.081 7.27   6.97 0.534
Rhode Island 14.67   14.90 0.760 19.51   17.46 0.161 42.09   40.89 0.528 9.10   9.83 0.452
South Carolina 9.45   8.82 0.309 13.12   11.94 0.247 24.07   24.66 0.718 6.36   5.67 0.333
South Dakota 8.67   8.66 0.987 13.49   12.61 0.432 22.85   23.35 0.749 5.17   5.28 0.867
Tennessee 10.26   10.55 0.663 13.58   12.83 0.514 25.87   28.28 0.145 7.22   7.34 0.879
Texas 8.56   8.40 0.615 12.20   11.56 0.299 22.27   22.29 0.979 5.28   5.18 0.810
Utah 8.61   8.28 0.506 11.06   10.04 0.315 19.64   18.88 0.565 5.13   5.11 0.968
Vermont 14.43   15.48 0.145 17.24   17.63 0.770 40.55   41.86 0.446 9.60   10.71 0.232
Virginia 9.13   9.05 0.897 12.21   13.45 0.270 28.19   26.99 0.468 5.56   5.53 0.963
Washington 11.38   12.30 0.220 13.16   14.63 0.268 29.87   32.60 0.116 7.94   8.56 0.487
West Virginia 9.61   9.12 0.437 13.64   13.71 0.950 29.91   28.56 0.418 5.98   5.65 0.649
Wisconsin 10.88   10.16 0.256 15.85 12.90 0.018 29.91   29.61 0.873 6.80   6.35 0.538
Wyoming 10.41   11.28 0.235 15.04   15.45 0.743 26.31 29.75 0.063 6.75   7.27 0.538
71003
Table C.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 6.04   6.02 0.849 7.20 6.74 0.005 16.36   16.42 0.825 4.07   4.10 0.796
Northeast 6.81   6.77 0.832 8.06 7.56 0.098 20.51   20.03 0.375 4.44   4.50 0.780
Midwest 5.82   5.81 0.953 7.09   6.77 0.170 15.80   15.69 0.763 3.85   3.92 0.692
South 5.36   5.29 0.556 6.50   6.19 0.122 14.63   14.72 0.785 3.58   3.53 0.797
West 6.67   6.75 0.728 7.68 6.92 0.022 16.45   16.99 0.271 4.74   4.85 0.680
                         
Alabama 4.90   4.76 0.741 6.72   6.32 0.590 13.95   12.16 0.141 3.05   3.28 0.622
Alaska 10.12 8.83 0.061 9.71   8.26 0.215 21.36   19.42 0.202 7.99   6.89 0.200
Arizona 5.33   5.18 0.729 8.20   7.24 0.262 13.15   14.08 0.488 3.51   3.31 0.698
Arkansas 5.52   5.70 0.687 7.83   7.71 0.894 14.40   14.38 0.985 3.62   3.93 0.567
California 6.70   6.70 0.982 7.50 6.51 0.054 16.19   16.95 0.314 4.85   4.82 0.936
Colorado 7.53   7.68 0.779 9.24 7.44 0.071 20.97   21.43 0.747 4.94   5.32 0.528
Connecticut 7.59   7.61 0.970 8.88   8.40 0.603 23.74   23.27 0.783 4.95   5.09 0.825
Delaware 6.19   5.93 0.551 7.24   7.31 0.927 20.20   18.02 0.197 3.63   3.69 0.909
District of Columbia 7.27 8.44 0.042 6.87   6.81 0.935 18.75   19.48 0.672 5.25 6.47 0.058
Florida 5.90   5.68 0.430 7.29   6.92 0.426 17.97   17.88 0.913 3.92   3.70 0.510
Georgia 5.63   5.87 0.651 6.07   5.85 0.759 14.54   15.01 0.707 3.94   4.24 0.632
Hawaii 6.16   5.54 0.208 7.61   7.04 0.576 16.67   15.47 0.388 4.36   3.82 0.359
Idaho 5.05   5.31 0.511 6.24   5.91 0.650 12.80   14.07 0.232 3.29   3.50 0.651
Illinois 5.59   5.36 0.372 6.35   6.73 0.369 15.94   15.36 0.452 3.63   3.38 0.414
Indiana 5.12   5.53 0.344 6.54   6.17 0.638 14.37   15.60 0.325 3.24   3.63 0.424
Iowa 4.24   4.66 0.221 5.98   6.55 0.477 11.68   12.85 0.305 2.64   2.92 0.480
Kansas 5.27   5.81 0.237 6.79   6.57 0.806 13.88   14.77 0.485 3.38   3.99 0.227
Kentucky 6.11 4.93 0.013 7.73   6.59 0.167 14.68   13.96 0.594 4.45 3.24 0.031
Louisiana 5.54   5.55 0.984 5.75   5.65 0.893 14.74   14.87 0.907 3.65   3.70 0.926
Maine 8.55   8.97 0.482 12.27   10.99 0.266 24.59 27.66 0.052 5.60   5.93 0.654
Maryland 5.10   4.79 0.397 6.88 5.63 0.073 13.86   13.36 0.698 3.42   3.26 0.709
Massachusetts 7.57   7.96 0.495 9.49   8.96 0.601 24.88   24.15 0.656 4.53   5.15 0.340
Michigan 6.71   6.43 0.382 7.49   7.32 0.715 18.57 16.99 0.048 4.51   4.47 0.917
Minnesota 6.96   7.17 0.661 7.82   7.53 0.727 16.74   17.03 0.829 5.06   5.33 0.631
Mississippi 4.79   5.11 0.446 5.79   5.36 0.528 11.55   12.77 0.270 3.30   3.60 0.538
Missouri 5.54   5.42 0.789 7.53   6.45 0.191 14.90   14.35 0.641 3.60   3.70 0.848
Montana 8.17 9.21 0.074 9.50   10.56 0.289 21.05   21.96 0.531 5.65   6.78 0.113
Nebraska 5.02   5.21 0.638 5.88   5.52 0.595 14.73   14.94 0.867 3.02   3.30 0.537
Nevada 6.10   6.78 0.221 6.98   7.57 0.526 16.06   16.26 0.883 4.38   5.17 0.214
New Hampshire 7.60   7.63 0.948 8.59   8.21 0.673 23.59   25.01 0.383 4.90   4.80 0.871
New Jersey 5.12   5.26 0.728 6.47   6.35 0.879 16.03   15.88 0.913 3.32   3.51 0.643
New Mexico 6.64   6.08 0.285 9.11   7.79 0.226 17.71   16.93 0.594 4.16   3.76 0.507
New York 7.27   7.09 0.574 8.40   7.81 0.273 20.90   20.23 0.469 4.85   4.75 0.786
North Carolina 5.65   5.59 0.878 7.82   7.02 0.308 15.02   15.68 0.571 3.80   3.76 0.931
North Dakota 4.71   4.37 0.392 5.82 4.51 0.076 11.27   11.25 0.985 3.21   2.89 0.482
Ohio 6.00   6.14 0.643 7.43   6.97 0.331 16.00   16.59 0.441 4.07   4.23 0.657
Oklahoma 5.18   5.27 0.848 7.10   6.36 0.363 13.62   13.00 0.622 3.29   3.66 0.498
Oregon 8.36   7.86 0.353 9.30   8.36 0.337 20.92 18.45 0.076 6.11   6.05 0.919
Pennsylvania 6.11   5.80 0.257 6.88   6.37 0.274 18.02   16.92 0.156 4.04   3.90 0.649
Rhode Island 8.92   9.21 0.632 10.82   9.74 0.316 26.46   27.53 0.507 5.51   5.79 0.710
South Carolina 5.46   5.43 0.959 6.43   6.06 0.598 14.44   15.78 0.296 3.74   3.56 0.723
South Dakota 4.98   5.22 0.575 6.79   6.56 0.764 13.40   13.98 0.625 3.06   3.34 0.559
Tennessee 5.85   6.09 0.604 5.98   5.73 0.736 14.93   16.99 0.130 4.31   4.34 0.954
Texas 4.65   4.35 0.150 5.76   5.56 0.579 12.73   12.09 0.309 2.87   2.65 0.375
Utah 4.80   4.33 0.199 5.69   5.08 0.389 9.90   9.55 0.710 3.24   2.80 0.345
Vermont 9.04   9.74 0.258 10.54   10.08 0.641 26.67   28.28 0.321 5.84   6.53 0.353
Virginia 4.89   5.54 0.160 5.31   6.39 0.210 14.47   15.75 0.328 3.25   3.74 0.333
Washington 7.01 8.25 0.040 6.83   7.70 0.329 18.11   20.05 0.186 5.12 6.32 0.084
West Virginia 5.83   5.96 0.785 7.00   6.82 0.817 17.43   18.66 0.371 3.88   3.92 0.933
Wisconsin 6.01   5.58 0.321 8.13 6.58 0.078 16.45   15.77 0.610 3.85   3.65 0.680
Wyoming 5.66 6.84 0.013 6.88   7.63 0.377 15.33   17.55 0.111 3.65 4.73 0.045
71003
Table C.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 39.04   38.85 0.442 34.45   34.31 0.645 25.03   24.52 0.168 42.13   41.97 0.610
Northeast 36.57   36.74 0.725 31.28   31.34 0.912 20.99   20.71 0.594 39.77   40.06 0.643
Midwest 37.33   37.40 0.851 34.20 35.13 0.058 23.06   22.70 0.462 40.32   40.34 0.982
South 43.00   42.84 0.664 37.06   36.29 0.104 28.00   27.59 0.396 46.44   46.36 0.864
West 36.54 35.69 0.092 33.17   32.78 0.540 25.43   24.44 0.133 39.06   38.16 0.174
                         
Alabama 49.93   49.05 0.530 39.62   39.88 0.890 35.06   34.33 0.678 53.94   52.81 0.536
Alaska 27.25   28.53 0.329 28.77   28.31 0.819 18.63   18.40 0.882 28.67   30.53 0.289
Arizona 39.63   38.72 0.527 33.17   31.03 0.251 26.18   25.70 0.773 42.99   42.12 0.632
Arkansas 45.03   45.70 0.673 35.80   37.00 0.539 27.23   26.61 0.703 49.46   50.18 0.721
California 38.46   37.28 0.154 33.67   33.60 0.943 27.55   26.40 0.258 41.18   39.85 0.220
Colorado 32.09   30.70 0.334 29.93   29.74 0.918 20.16   18.47 0.264 34.49   32.95 0.404
Connecticut 33.78   35.56 0.234 29.41   29.95 0.747 21.47   20.34 0.479 36.24   38.65 0.195
Delaware 40.09   38.48 0.266 35.46   36.41 0.596 23.32   22.09 0.427 43.57   41.55 0.268
District of Columbia 33.11   31.97 0.431 28.53   29.23 0.759 19.54   17.59 0.220 35.98   35.02 0.596
Florida 42.92   42.78 0.866 35.58   34.77 0.397 27.36   28.44 0.254 46.14   45.89 0.801
Georgia 43.13   43.21 0.957 38.88   36.84 0.285 31.79   31.29 0.763 45.83   46.24 0.815
Hawaii 37.25   37.80 0.737 33.14   32.69 0.826 29.44   28.78 0.719 38.97   39.83 0.673
Idaho 38.00   37.85 0.913 37.71   36.43 0.501 27.01   27.56 0.731 40.30   40.09 0.907
Illinois 38.61   38.90 0.732 34.71   36.20 0.139 25.04   25.46 0.657 41.57   41.68 0.922
Indiana 39.60   39.09 0.723 34.56   34.64 0.965 24.40   24.28 0.936 43.09   42.38 0.699
Iowa 39.17   39.61 0.769 36.86   34.76 0.265 24.51   24.16 0.826 42.17   43.07 0.633
Kansas 39.83 37.07 0.070 36.93   35.02 0.327 23.94 20.27 0.027 43.33   40.57 0.156
Kentucky 42.34   44.78 0.110 38.05   37.07 0.598 30.16   29.07 0.496 44.96 48.32 0.076
Louisiana 42.44   44.73 0.132 38.04   39.92 0.282 27.23   28.93 0.299 46.18   48.55 0.230
Maine 31.97   32.25 0.847 25.49 28.31 0.096 15.16   13.62 0.194 35.38   35.52 0.938
Maryland 39.02   39.15 0.934 35.22   32.96 0.196 25.35   24.62 0.672 41.78   42.39 0.759
Massachusetts 31.28 29.01 0.089 27.05   26.83 0.895 18.35 15.33 0.027 33.90   31.55 0.165
Michigan 36.57 35.23 0.100 33.05 35.31 0.017 22.61 21.01 0.065 39.52 37.68 0.077
Minnesota 30.90   31.88 0.473 30.77   31.89 0.542 19.83   17.78 0.135 32.94   34.44 0.396
Mississippi 51.19   51.97 0.584 46.80   44.46 0.232 37.13   36.72 0.817 54.62   55.99 0.477
Missouri 40.82   40.04 0.591 37.21   35.83 0.440 24.71   23.30 0.343 44.20   43.57 0.734
Montana 35.99 31.96 0.005 33.45   31.27 0.225 18.31 15.10 0.019 39.54 35.04 0.015
Nebraska 39.20   41.14 0.191 33.57 37.74 0.033 26.23   25.34 0.601 42.50   44.64 0.260
Nevada 35.76   35.18 0.710 31.96   32.71 0.685 23.82   25.45 0.327 38.18   37.05 0.565
New Hampshire 27.11   27.07 0.980 28.48   27.16 0.420 14.80   14.14 0.567 28.89   29.12 0.891
New Jersey 38.13   38.87 0.626 30.73   29.62 0.546 21.68   21.64 0.981 41.57   42.68 0.558
New Mexico 38.63   39.60 0.522 27.76   29.61 0.317 25.31   25.55 0.886 42.78   43.74 0.632
New York 37.61   38.48 0.301 31.52   32.64 0.268 22.65   22.74 0.921 40.88   41.92 0.328
North Carolina 41.51   40.76 0.608 34.46   32.08 0.178 28.03 25.02 0.064 44.70   44.47 0.902
North Dakota 39.26   39.64 0.786 37.29   36.59 0.707 22.11   24.58 0.140 43.04   43.24 0.914
Ohio 37.54   38.19 0.418 35.47   36.06 0.527 22.06   23.38 0.127 40.51   41.02 0.624
Oklahoma 41.95   40.86 0.494 37.81   34.80 0.152 28.19   27.58 0.733 45.16   44.19 0.636
Oregon 30.08   29.06 0.451 30.96   28.98 0.262 19.66 17.05 0.075 31.74   31.06 0.691
Pennsylvania 39.48   39.35 0.866 35.00   34.47 0.597 21.02   21.97 0.253 43.09   42.82 0.787
Rhode Island 35.41 30.99 0.002 32.34 29.10 0.071 18.79   16.66 0.128 38.80 33.85 0.008
South Carolina 42.57   41.31 0.395 36.06   34.67 0.434 26.61   25.53 0.491 46.28   44.93 0.473
South Dakota 40.96   40.12 0.547 36.60   38.18 0.379 26.59   26.34 0.873 44.42   43.04 0.451
Tennessee 39.69   41.80 0.190 34.97   36.29 0.470 24.05   24.03 0.993 42.90   45.42 0.213
Texas 44.29   43.62 0.411 38.19   37.53 0.539 27.72   27.75 0.974 48.52   47.66 0.419
Utah 42.75   42.62 0.916 44.17   44.23 0.976 35.24   33.05 0.190 44.59   44.93 0.850
Vermont 27.85   28.76 0.480 26.21   25.77 0.795 14.48   13.37 0.344 30.34   31.76 0.399
Virginia 40.47   38.27 0.146 35.46   35.60 0.938 24.13   22.08 0.154 43.84   41.29 0.181
Washington 27.89   28.24 0.779 30.32   29.55 0.637 16.46   15.95 0.696 29.55   30.16 0.708
West Virginia 44.78   44.75 0.986 35.45   37.80 0.179 25.65   25.48 0.915 48.82   48.46 0.853
Wisconsin 31.73 34.01 0.095 28.97   31.98 0.108 18.59   19.16 0.722 34.46   36.92 0.159
Wyoming 36.90   36.24 0.644 35.92   34.37 0.415 19.53   19.67 0.920 40.35   39.59 0.673
71003
Table C.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 1.68 1.62 0.034 5.80 5.58 0.036 6.16   6.02 0.377 0.18   0.17 0.548
Northeast 1.72   1.68 0.486 6.04   5.98 0.733 6.89   6.84 0.881 0.18   0.17 0.570
Midwest 1.80 1.70 0.022 5.94 5.52 0.007 6.72   6.48 0.290 0.19   0.18 0.441
South 1.54   1.49 0.154 5.43   5.31 0.388 5.67   5.61 0.771 0.17   0.16 0.614
West 1.78   1.70 0.174 6.06   5.77 0.203 5.90   5.66 0.368 0.19   0.18 0.672
                         
Alabama 1.36   1.31 0.569 5.14   4.86 0.575 5.11   4.97 0.824 0.15   0.14 0.610
Alaska 2.57   2.27 0.104 7.15 5.68 0.033 7.12   6.98 0.869 0.25   0.26 0.814
Arizona 1.75   1.72 0.822 6.89   6.59 0.646 5.54   5.34 0.759 0.19   0.18 0.596
Arkansas 1.37 1.55 0.079 5.51 6.48 0.090 4.69   5.61 0.135 0.16   0.15 0.683
California 1.71   1.60 0.146 5.75   5.43 0.329 5.79   5.28 0.189 0.16   0.16 0.788
Colorado 2.09   1.95 0.345 7.47   7.00 0.471 6.56   6.51 0.950 0.24   0.22 0.657
Connecticut 2.20   1.98 0.124 7.99 6.88 0.081 7.65   8.35 0.468 0.21   0.18 0.416
Delaware 1.89   1.86 0.833 6.83   6.34 0.371 8.02   7.96 0.949 0.18   0.18 0.883
District of Columbia 1.86 2.15 0.072 6.11   6.05 0.925 7.31 9.02 0.097 0.21   0.27 0.321
Florida 1.44   1.41 0.579 6.00   5.76 0.401 5.68   5.88 0.631 0.14   0.13 0.579
Georgia 1.66   1.53 0.291 5.03   4.47 0.262 5.92   6.23 0.690 0.19   0.17 0.710
Hawaii 1.68   1.73 0.797 6.25   5.71 0.481 6.65   7.05 0.721 0.19   0.23 0.551
Idaho 1.91 1.65 0.057 5.55   4.95 0.282 6.14   5.15 0.154 0.24   0.20 0.269
Illinois 1.77 1.64 0.065 5.94   5.48 0.150 6.59   6.20 0.391 0.18   0.17 0.766
Indiana 1.78   1.63 0.197 6.14   5.69 0.383 5.90   5.72 0.790 0.20   0.17 0.374
Iowa 1.48   1.52 0.736 4.87   5.38 0.377 6.14   5.72 0.568 0.18   0.16 0.595
Kansas 1.85   1.67 0.192 5.70   5.03 0.236 6.78   6.35 0.594 0.22   0.19 0.301
Kentucky 1.55   1.47 0.430 5.91   5.38 0.318 5.32   6.41 0.125 0.19   0.15 0.202
Louisiana 1.69   1.65 0.711 5.23   5.63 0.448 6.12   5.39 0.238 0.17   0.16 0.890
Maine 2.04   2.08 0.757 7.48   7.63 0.818 8.97   10.12 0.255 0.21   0.16 0.180
Maryland 1.82   1.68 0.257 6.12   5.32 0.128 6.53   6.74 0.768 0.17   0.18 0.830
Massachusetts 1.92   1.96 0.754 6.32   6.21 0.841 7.97   8.03 0.939 0.23   0.22 0.783
Michigan 1.98   1.95 0.708 6.22   5.82 0.218 7.57   7.69 0.819 0.20   0.20 0.913
Minnesota 1.91   1.78 0.301 6.05   5.65 0.469 6.69   6.17 0.486 0.22   0.20 0.412
Mississippi 1.44   1.33 0.232 4.74   4.62 0.794 5.30   4.42 0.135 0.14   0.15 0.670
Missouri 1.75 1.56 0.089 5.90 4.93 0.067 6.70   6.22 0.501 0.20   0.17 0.287
Montana 2.17   1.98 0.197 7.69 6.24 0.020 8.31   8.27 0.962 0.21   0.19 0.533
Nebraska 1.59   1.57 0.893 5.00   4.54 0.405 6.12   6.45 0.656 0.19   0.16 0.489
Nevada 1.61   1.70 0.491 6.33   6.41 0.901 4.58   4.73 0.801 0.20   0.21 0.765
New Hampshire 2.14   2.05 0.583 5.90   5.56 0.537 10.09   10.37 0.816 0.22   0.20 0.609
New Jersey 1.52   1.50 0.876 5.26   5.82 0.301 6.23   5.97 0.718 0.16   0.16 0.877
New Mexico 1.99   1.83 0.345 7.83   6.99 0.307 6.16   6.84 0.433 0.17   0.14 0.462
New York 1.64   1.61 0.678 5.73   5.70 0.926 6.53   6.35 0.703 0.18   0.17 0.747
North Carolina 1.51   1.44 0.509 5.31   5.12 0.710 5.65   5.57 0.906 0.19   0.18 0.635
North Dakota 1.61 1.37 0.045 5.35   4.48 0.110 6.70 5.31 0.078 0.17   0.14 0.305
Ohio 1.67   1.70 0.702 5.67   5.76 0.759 6.51   6.33 0.680 0.18   0.17 0.617
Oklahoma 1.57   1.53 0.753 5.76   5.31 0.452 5.35   5.35 0.996 0.18   0.18 0.856
Oregon 2.06   2.06 0.980 7.42   7.23 0.777 6.75   7.11 0.676 0.27   0.25 0.671
Pennsylvania 1.63   1.60 0.632 6.10   5.85 0.420 6.58   6.49 0.852 0.17   0.15 0.483
Rhode Island 2.06   2.02 0.756 7.63   7.04 0.385 7.69   8.16 0.635 0.21   0.20 0.695
South Carolina 1.68   1.57 0.327 6.07   5.45 0.236 6.23   6.32 0.891 0.16   0.15 0.717
South Dakota 1.74 1.52 0.069 5.90   5.07 0.138 6.50   5.46 0.149 0.18   0.15 0.425
Tennessee 1.58   1.59 0.916 6.02   5.64 0.481 5.97   6.45 0.489 0.19   0.18 0.745
Texas 1.52   1.49 0.700 4.92   5.13 0.487 5.11   4.88 0.527 0.17   0.15 0.626
Utah 1.65   1.52 0.361 4.29   4.06 0.645 4.33   4.16 0.787 0.24   0.20 0.495
Vermont 2.30   2.44 0.397 7.32   7.80 0.452 9.57   10.57 0.382 0.23   0.19 0.317
Virginia 1.59   1.53 0.551 5.09   5.64 0.256 6.65 5.39 0.094 0.17   0.17 0.848
Washington 1.73   1.89 0.209 5.30   5.70 0.475 6.88   7.56 0.406 0.21   0.21 0.906
West Virginia 1.38   1.24 0.137 5.49   5.23 0.639 7.01   5.99 0.154 0.16   0.13 0.256
Wisconsin 2.06   1.86 0.131 6.80 5.65 0.049 7.72   7.91 0.821 0.21   0.19 0.473
Wyoming 2.12   2.12 1.000 6.93   6.71 0.713 7.21   8.17 0.264 0.21   0.18 0.375
71003
Table C.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 3.56 3.80 0.003 5.10   4.93 0.223 8.46 8.82 0.029 2.49 2.76 0.005
Northeast 3.47   3.70 0.112 5.01 4.59 0.074 9.17   8.84 0.342 2.35 2.74 0.021
Midwest 3.38 3.58 0.068 5.09   5.01 0.720 7.90 8.36 0.062 2.33   2.52 0.142
South 3.67 3.89 0.053 5.09   5.09 0.972 8.68   9.06 0.138 2.59 2.83 0.089
West 3.63 3.95 0.036 5.21   4.89 0.222 8.12 8.90 0.028 2.59 2.91 0.071
                         
Alabama 3.96   4.02 0.870 5.84   6.01 0.804 9.87   9.79 0.939 2.66   2.76 0.825
Alaska 4.22   4.24 0.971 5.72   5.11 0.356 8.30   8.77 0.635 3.15   3.21 0.900
Arizona 3.46 4.45 0.019 5.09   5.37 0.719 6.61 9.53 0.004 2.65   3.42 0.110
Arkansas 4.22   4.51 0.485 6.36   6.88 0.526 11.17   10.81 0.726 2.69   3.09 0.387
California 3.50 3.91 0.080 5.27   4.70 0.151 7.60   8.41 0.149 2.48 2.95 0.093
Colorado 4.46   4.21 0.519 5.24   5.15 0.899 11.49   10.23 0.234 3.12   3.03 0.852
Connecticut 3.79   3.88 0.825 5.09   4.62 0.449 11.36   10.35 0.373 2.46   2.78 0.477
Delaware 3.82   3.60 0.555 5.30   4.96 0.596 10.13   8.57 0.123 2.55   2.57 0.953
District of Columbia 3.67 4.49 0.083 4.15   4.70 0.370 7.19   7.70 0.581 2.99   3.85 0.123
Florida 3.94   4.11 0.475 5.26   5.34 0.864 9.11   9.74 0.292 3.01   3.11 0.696
Georgia 3.18   3.30 0.736 4.37   4.62 0.639 6.43   6.79 0.691 2.41   2.49 0.857
Hawaii 3.19   3.29 0.776 5.52   4.79 0.306 7.21   7.69 0.588 2.28   2.42 0.723
Idaho 3.46   3.49 0.913 4.77   4.92 0.796 7.61   7.72 0.897 2.40   2.44 0.920
Illinois 3.12   3.33 0.343 4.51   4.85 0.398 6.54   7.20 0.163 2.32   2.43 0.692
Indiana 3.90   4.18 0.443 5.60   5.24 0.569 9.82   10.81 0.351 2.58   2.84 0.529
Iowa 2.94   3.08 0.639 5.25   5.31 0.915 6.65   6.88 0.797 1.96   2.09 0.687
Kansas 3.57   4.03 0.177 4.82   4.53 0.699 7.49   8.39 0.345 2.64   3.13 0.190
Kentucky 3.99   3.48 0.162 6.34   5.70 0.338 8.46   8.29 0.870 2.94   2.41 0.205
Louisiana 4.03   4.59 0.148 5.07   5.21 0.843 8.83   10.07 0.203 2.90   3.41 0.276
Maine 3.21   3.05 0.624 5.29   5.32 0.961 9.25   8.35 0.371 2.02   1.98 0.911
Maryland 3.03   3.07 0.911 4.39   4.28 0.836 6.67   6.75 0.926 2.25   2.30 0.899
Massachusetts 3.95 4.62 0.095 5.57   4.87 0.311 11.67   12.18 0.677 2.50 3.34 0.065
Michigan 3.72 4.18 0.042 5.50   5.14 0.366 9.17   9.94 0.182 2.50 3.04 0.046
Minnesota 3.10   3.15 0.858 4.67   5.21 0.389 7.67   7.55 0.894 2.05   2.08 0.947
Mississippi 3.19 3.75 0.100 4.70   4.64 0.919 7.01   8.30 0.143 2.22   2.75 0.187
Missouri 3.66   3.76 0.759 5.65   5.23 0.537 8.58   9.02 0.653 2.50   2.63 0.736
Montana 3.70   3.51 0.590 5.78   5.91 0.860 8.25   8.09 0.866 2.60   2.40 0.593
Nebraska 3.02   3.30 0.418 5.77   5.15 0.349 6.68   7.64 0.325 1.93   2.22 0.476
Nevada 3.91   4.25 0.435 4.77   5.06 0.684 9.12 11.05 0.079 2.97   3.06 0.849
New Hampshire 3.19   3.07 0.701 4.95   4.60 0.563 8.64   8.47 0.873 2.09   2.02 0.844
New Jersey 3.24   3.42 0.587 4.91   4.45 0.447 8.23   8.04 0.842 2.27   2.59 0.407
New Mexico 3.94   3.83 0.787 6.24   5.50 0.349 8.34   9.45 0.328 2.76   2.52 0.585
New York 3.50   3.85 0.185 4.95   4.54 0.298 8.43   7.99 0.449 2.49 3.05 0.076
North Carolina 3.64   4.00 0.342 5.54   5.25 0.643 8.12   9.61 0.117 2.64   2.92 0.533
North Dakota 2.79   2.52 0.386 4.52   4.06 0.493 5.38   5.62 0.737 2.04   1.66 0.342
Ohio 3.28   3.45 0.423 4.87   4.86 0.968 7.97   8.24 0.633 2.25   2.43 0.447
Oklahoma 3.95   4.04 0.807 6.11   5.34 0.350 9.08   8.52 0.573 2.67   3.02 0.419
Oregon 3.76   3.78 0.942 4.96   5.15 0.769 10.60   10.04 0.540 2.44   2.58 0.714
Pennsylvania 3.25   3.19 0.781 4.78   4.46 0.386 8.72   8.12 0.281 2.15   2.22 0.766
Rhode Island 4.12   4.50 0.334 5.44   5.44 0.998 12.07   12.43 0.744 2.52   2.94 0.385
South Carolina 3.48   3.46 0.974 4.94   5.06 0.860 8.68   8.62 0.945 2.36   2.36 0.990
South Dakota 2.75   2.80 0.874 5.26   5.33 0.920 5.05   5.74 0.342 1.94   1.89 0.879
Tennessee 3.93 4.71 0.050 5.49   5.85 0.603 9.84 11.78 0.057 2.75   3.40 0.155
Texas 3.58   3.93 0.135 4.73   4.68 0.910 9.10   8.90 0.721 2.30 2.83 0.064
Utah 4.19   3.85 0.361 5.50   5.25 0.690 7.82   7.03 0.384 2.95   2.74 0.636
Vermont 3.87   3.95 0.820 5.70   5.02 0.305 11.21   12.27 0.369 2.38   2.40 0.956
Virginia 3.41   3.40 0.977 4.58   4.66 0.902 8.43   8.74 0.765 2.42   2.36 0.871
Washington 3.55   3.92 0.354 4.61   4.64 0.974 8.61   10.22 0.139 2.53   2.76 0.614
West Virginia 3.95   4.21 0.498 5.91   5.65 0.714 10.93   12.17 0.279 2.63   2.84 0.632
Wisconsin 3.34   3.18 0.658 5.12   4.90 0.742 8.04   7.61 0.677 2.26   2.17 0.830
Wyoming 3.64   3.63 0.965 5.64   5.05 0.375 8.38   9.16 0.448 2.47   2.41 0.872
71003
Table C.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.31   2.37 0.387 1.65   1.64 0.935 6.77   6.91 0.388 1.62   1.67 0.513
Northeast 2.48   2.62 0.251 1.65   1.55 0.383 7.81   7.57 0.444 1.72   1.94 0.134
Midwest 2.25   2.25 0.995 1.52   1.61 0.357 6.56   6.56 0.995 1.57   1.57 0.956
South 2.30   2.35 0.527 1.70   1.63 0.505 6.40   6.70 0.172 1.66   1.70 0.716
West 2.26   2.31 0.684 1.70   1.76 0.654 6.78   7.06 0.396 1.51   1.52 0.976
                         
Alabama 2.13   2.22 0.762 1.59   1.46 0.644 6.08   6.14 0.937 1.50   1.63 0.675
Alaska 2.56   2.55 0.984 1.95   1.73 0.494 7.41   6.82 0.548 1.72   1.86 0.762
Arizona 2.68   2.72 0.897 2.27   2.30 0.942 7.51   8.16 0.523 1.86   1.81 0.897
Arkansas 2.03   2.15 0.610 1.64   1.65 0.965 6.29   6.81 0.516 1.32   1.41 0.742
California 2.15   2.22 0.690 1.59   1.62 0.872 6.31   6.68 0.453 1.47   1.48 0.959
Colorado 2.80   2.77 0.941 1.86   1.94 0.804 8.67   8.42 0.788 1.89   1.90 0.982
Connecticut 2.54   2.72 0.558 1.94   1.97 0.928 8.43   8.95 0.605 1.72   1.85 0.695
Delaware 2.47   2.40 0.818 1.40   1.47 0.808 7.45   6.82 0.471 1.74   1.76 0.960
District of Columbia 3.39 4.90 0.023 0.52   0.59 0.663 5.78   6.25 0.541 3.23 5.06 0.029
Florida 2.64   2.61 0.870 1.77   1.68 0.680 8.08   7.93 0.786 1.93   1.92 0.963
Georgia 1.82   2.05 0.431 1.27   1.50 0.415 4.15   4.89 0.223 1.48   1.62 0.676
Hawaii 1.93   1.81 0.702 1.50   1.38 0.671 5.49   5.20 0.715 1.43   1.35 0.811
Idaho 2.00   2.00 0.994 1.70   1.64 0.853 6.29   6.83 0.461 1.16   1.10 0.801
Illinois 2.32   2.33 0.927 1.32   1.58 0.185 5.80   6.31 0.311 1.83   1.73 0.669
Indiana 2.33   2.24 0.733 1.49   1.54 0.859 7.46   7.15 0.695 1.52   1.46 0.850
Iowa 1.84   1.82 0.912 1.70   1.91 0.539 5.35   5.69 0.684 1.21   1.09 0.673
Kansas 2.51   2.93 0.173 1.65   1.69 0.906 6.82   7.33 0.591 1.79   2.26 0.155
Kentucky 2.45   2.14 0.257 1.63   1.58 0.865 6.90   6.66 0.769 1.79   1.47 0.296
Louisiana 2.02   2.12 0.735 1.19   1.13 0.779 4.84   5.23 0.601 1.57   1.65 0.821
Maine 2.48   2.18 0.244 1.89   1.70 0.541 9.07   7.80 0.192 1.53   1.39 0.599
Maryland 2.27   2.10 0.572 1.21   1.40 0.446 5.78   5.57 0.779 1.84   1.63 0.537
Massachusetts 2.95   3.40 0.208 1.91   1.67 0.484 10.05   9.90 0.886 1.92   2.53 0.148
Michigan 2.38   2.19 0.301 1.55   1.51 0.829 6.97   6.68 0.543 1.69   1.50 0.396
Minnesota 2.27   2.30 0.930 1.75   1.87 0.739 7.32   6.84 0.532 1.42   1.53 0.736
Mississippi 2.02   1.95 0.808 1.34   1.23 0.658 4.66   4.23 0.481 1.60   1.62 0.947
Missouri 2.46   2.21 0.367 1.70   1.72 0.954 8.17   6.83 0.104 1.53   1.46 0.809
Montana 2.33   2.53 0.451 1.65   1.56 0.773 8.04   8.70 0.449 1.38   1.55 0.539
Nebraska 2.21   2.37 0.566 1.62   1.53 0.745 7.22   7.59 0.677 1.31   1.48 0.599
Nevada 1.91   2.07 0.536 1.61   1.96 0.308 6.48   6.75 0.739 1.22   1.35 0.664
New Hampshire 2.31   2.45 0.617 1.85   1.81 0.911 8.95   9.85 0.403 1.31   1.36 0.868
New Jersey 2.03   2.11 0.768 1.64   1.62 0.965 6.21   6.26 0.946 1.45   1.55 0.768
New Mexico 2.34   2.30 0.887 2.14   1.97 0.680 7.05   7.14 0.922 1.48   1.43 0.886
New York 2.49   2.81 0.164 1.54   1.45 0.609 7.35   7.34 0.986 1.81   2.22 0.132
North Carolina 2.02   2.33 0.252 1.31   1.44 0.597 5.63 7.06 0.059 1.52   1.68 0.605
North Dakota 1.73   1.59 0.573 1.70   1.59 0.786 4.68   4.39 0.698 1.12   0.99 0.632
Ohio 2.00 2.41 0.040 1.23   1.49 0.176 5.57 6.60 0.033 1.48   1.81 0.169
Oklahoma 1.96   1.93 0.906 1.67   1.56 0.703 6.12   5.47 0.417 1.20   1.31 0.668
Oregon 2.08   1.91 0.467 1.66   2.01 0.322 6.48   5.93 0.465 1.38   1.23 0.551
Pennsylvania 2.46   2.22 0.177 1.52   1.37 0.425 7.64 6.65 0.042 1.73   1.60 0.540
Rhode Island 3.04   3.50 0.233 1.85   1.83 0.953 9.68   9.49 0.853 1.99   2.62 0.168
South Carolina 2.34   2.22 0.661 1.62   1.22 0.193 6.35   5.88 0.534 1.73   1.72 0.964
South Dakota 1.76   1.80 0.867 1.62   1.67 0.872 5.02   5.59 0.439 1.13   1.08 0.854
Tennessee 2.25   2.74 0.111 1.51   1.46 0.839 6.27 7.80 0.072 1.67   2.07 0.267
Texas 2.40   2.43 0.854 2.41   2.12 0.278 6.67   7.00 0.492 1.55   1.58 0.884
Utah 2.39   2.40 0.963 1.88   1.91 0.934 5.38   5.69 0.679 1.65   1.60 0.877
Vermont 2.86   2.87 0.982 2.01   1.92 0.763 10.36   9.55 0.445 1.69   1.85 0.604
Virginia 2.41   2.37 0.894 1.39   1.46 0.827 7.08   7.67 0.510 1.77   1.62 0.664
Washington 2.36   2.47 0.716 1.57   1.77 0.556 8.46   8.84 0.702 1.41   1.48 0.830
West Virginia 2.80   2.60 0.448 2.16   2.06 0.768 10.26   9.82 0.685 1.70   1.55 0.614
Wisconsin 2.26   1.84 0.128 1.91   1.71 0.555 6.91   5.80 0.203 1.47   1.15 0.295
Wyoming 2.11   2.28 0.518 1.80   1.81 0.992 6.76   7.42 0.464 1.27   1.37 0.695
71003
Table C.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 4.77 5.00 0.007 7.13   7.01 0.448 12.16   12.42 0.191 3.15 3.43 0.009
Northeast 4.44   4.46 0.891 6.48   6.08 0.137 12.19   11.64 0.143 2.92   3.07 0.371
Midwest 4.69 4.98 0.012 7.07   6.99 0.737 12.02 12.70 0.027 3.04 3.33 0.040
South 4.82 5.08 0.035 7.41   7.37 0.846 12.34   12.71 0.235 3.15 3.45 0.038
West 5.04 5.34 0.099 7.25   7.19 0.856 11.98   12.30 0.444 3.45   3.80 0.112
                         
Alabama 5.05   5.30 0.586 8.67   8.90 0.822 13.98   14.09 0.931 2.99   3.30 0.522
Alaska 5.61   5.47 0.760 8.16   7.99 0.861 12.50   11.26 0.303 3.80   3.92 0.823
Arizona 4.67 5.65 0.040 7.22   8.18 0.282 10.33 12.63 0.059 3.28   4.05 0.147
Arkansas 5.66   6.35 0.133 10.32   9.80 0.618 15.94   17.33 0.296 3.20   3.98 0.147
California 4.63   5.04 0.148 6.78   6.51 0.597 10.86   11.17 0.634 3.18   3.68 0.126
Colorado 5.83   5.47 0.455 7.72   7.91 0.839 14.58   13.00 0.208 4.03   3.84 0.725
Connecticut 5.14   5.24 0.822 7.22   6.46 0.312 15.30   15.23 0.958 3.31   3.54 0.658
Delaware 5.24   5.12 0.794 8.55   7.98 0.507 13.59   13.06 0.666 3.38   3.41 0.960
District of Columbia 3.72   4.14 0.257 4.37   5.01 0.313 8.02   9.07 0.269 2.88   3.10 0.607
Florida 5.06   5.18 0.643 7.11   7.08 0.966 12.79   13.03 0.715 3.66   3.78 0.679
Georgia 4.30   4.75 0.272 6.28   6.64 0.626 10.14   11.19 0.338 2.94   3.33 0.393
Hawaii 3.57   3.85 0.474 5.96   5.76 0.804 9.17   9.92 0.501 2.41   2.68 0.536
Idaho 5.40   5.85 0.331 7.46   7.88 0.634 13.89   14.65 0.523 3.34   3.81 0.381
Illinois 3.96 4.39 0.062 5.93   5.97 0.920 9.59   10.34 0.227 2.68   3.11 0.128
Indiana 5.43   5.91 0.287 8.53   7.86 0.456 14.21   15.96 0.190 3.39   3.83 0.381
Iowa 3.85 4.43 0.097 6.28   6.78 0.485 9.74   11.52 0.106 2.45   2.82 0.358
Kansas 4.68   5.25 0.189 6.42   7.00 0.529 10.60   12.66 0.101 3.28   3.59 0.511
Kentucky 6.03   5.59 0.368 9.89   8.83 0.262 14.40   14.68 0.832 4.11   3.70 0.444
Louisiana 5.36   5.69 0.449 8.14   8.72 0.508 13.20   13.06 0.898 3.36   3.79 0.394
Maine 4.93   4.66 0.532 8.40   7.28 0.199 13.44   13.50 0.960 3.18   3.03 0.745
Maryland 3.62   3.96 0.306 5.76   6.11 0.592 9.27   10.18 0.381 2.40   2.64 0.517
Massachusetts 4.71 5.56 0.055 7.06   6.40 0.449 13.66   15.72 0.125 2.98   3.77 0.105
Michigan 5.27   5.59 0.232 8.40   7.86 0.293 13.78   14.23 0.510 3.33   3.77 0.173
Minnesota 4.26   4.39 0.715 6.17   6.31 0.838 10.58   11.28 0.507 2.85   2.88 0.937
Mississippi 4.11   4.33 0.531 7.13   6.79 0.643 9.92   10.36 0.657 2.51   2.82 0.454
Missouri 4.94   5.16 0.571 7.70   7.16 0.507 12.79   13.64 0.468 3.16   3.39 0.588
Montana 5.44   5.40 0.926 9.62   9.63 0.991 13.36   13.40 0.973 3.45   3.44 0.974
Nebraska 3.98 4.68 0.088 6.45   6.72 0.721 9.56   10.99 0.171 2.55   3.18 0.193
Nevada 5.77   6.15 0.461 8.29   8.42 0.902 14.49   16.53 0.123 4.03   4.20 0.773
New Hampshire 4.66   4.62 0.920 7.36   6.93 0.593 12.00   12.51 0.693 3.13   3.07 0.897
New Jersey 4.12   3.93 0.606 6.26   5.84 0.571 10.89   9.93 0.389 2.82   2.78 0.915
New Mexico 5.20   5.42 0.641 7.71   8.11 0.702 11.85   12.17 0.776 3.56   3.73 0.752
New York 4.32   4.30 0.952 6.19   5.93 0.550 11.06   10.19 0.163 2.96   3.09 0.674
North Carolina 4.54   4.81 0.487 7.92   7.20 0.391 10.93   12.23 0.250 3.03   3.29 0.544
North Dakota 4.33   4.21 0.749 5.87   6.21 0.661 9.35   9.13 0.834 3.10   2.90 0.650
Ohio 5.00   5.08 0.719 7.26   7.26 0.993 13.94   13.79 0.824 3.14   3.30 0.573
Oklahoma 5.84 6.72 0.058 9.10   9.70 0.595 14.39   14.40 0.994 3.74 4.87 0.038
Oregon 5.68   5.35 0.461 9.38   8.05 0.130 14.28   13.01 0.290 3.75   3.75 0.998
Pennsylvania 4.28   4.10 0.459 6.16   5.91 0.588 12.63 11.12 0.024 2.66   2.72 0.830
Rhode Island 5.87   5.50 0.416 7.55   6.50 0.183 16.59   15.84 0.583 3.73   3.48 0.635
South Carolina 4.91   4.86 0.910 7.36   6.81 0.511 12.85   13.17 0.766 3.17   3.16 0.988
South Dakota 3.42   3.91 0.170 5.77   5.74 0.963 7.70 9.65 0.050 2.24   2.55 0.470
Tennessee 5.50   6.23 0.118 8.99   8.93 0.949 14.92 16.96 0.080 3.48   4.13 0.244
Texas 4.58   4.79 0.353 6.73   6.73 0.995 11.94   11.45 0.434 2.78   3.19 0.161
Utah 6.50   6.21 0.526 7.88   7.79 0.911 13.49   12.47 0.421 4.32   4.23 0.871
Vermont 4.85   5.13 0.507 7.31   7.22 0.909 13.40   14.74 0.297 3.08   3.22 0.746
Virginia 4.44   4.58 0.700 6.65   6.71 0.941 12.29   12.18 0.924 2.85   3.06 0.607
Washington 5.89   6.13 0.628 7.52   8.04 0.598 14.84   15.96 0.369 4.13   4.22 0.875
West Virginia 5.44   5.69 0.579 8.95   8.93 0.985 14.74 17.20 0.074 3.59   3.58 0.982
Wisconsin 4.83   4.82 0.971 6.53   7.10 0.495 12.43   12.03 0.752 3.24   3.24 0.994
Wyoming 5.33   5.14 0.681 8.62   7.61 0.290 12.56   12.39 0.880 3.51   3.46 0.922
71003
Table C.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 51.05   51.37 0.421 17.06 16.58 0.045 60.69 61.42 0.096 54.03   54.35 0.498
Northeast 55.16   55.55 0.456 18.48   18.57 0.852 65.42   66.11 0.299 58.22   58.56 0.604
Midwest 54.31   54.24 0.860 18.13 17.33 0.024 66.62   67.08 0.363 57.06   56.98 0.876
South 46.67 47.55 0.054 15.96   15.71 0.447 56.85   57.09 0.673 49.07 50.20 0.048
West 51.36   51.20 0.782 16.63 15.70 0.046 57.22 59.05 0.011 55.34   54.86 0.523
                         
Alabama 42.07   42.45 0.792 15.97   16.13 0.903 52.63   53.40 0.684 43.69   44.05 0.848
Alaska 50.55   52.74 0.117 14.67   15.02 0.788 57.44   57.95 0.804 55.71   58.23 0.173
Arizona 55.43   54.37 0.435 18.01   17.40 0.677 61.27   60.62 0.733 59.73   58.45 0.461
Arkansas 39.63 42.61 0.038 16.45   17.79 0.339 53.21   54.15 0.616 40.31 43.89 0.048
California 50.14   50.33 0.821 16.20 14.70 0.042 55.02 58.12 0.005 54.37   54.21 0.888
Colorado 59.43   58.59 0.520 20.52   18.27 0.109 69.30   68.84 0.790 62.99   62.12 0.602
Connecticut 61.28   60.77 0.725 20.94   20.21 0.603 71.44   71.81 0.828 65.07   64.42 0.722
Delaware 49.71   51.51 0.194 16.41   16.27 0.902 63.20   63.53 0.847 51.59   53.97 0.177
District of Columbia 58.44   60.25 0.215 12.70   13.39 0.544 68.93 72.22 0.077 60.90   62.58 0.354
Florida 52.04 53.43 0.086 17.01   16.62 0.595 58.59   58.51 0.939 55.35 57.06 0.086
Georgia 44.11   44.85 0.608 14.52   14.41 0.927 52.16   53.04 0.650 46.88   47.71 0.657
Hawaii 47.08   46.70 0.813 13.74   13.28 0.713 57.77   58.06 0.881 49.63   49.21 0.832
Idaho 46.43   46.52 0.947 15.88   16.14 0.839 53.80   51.12 0.131 49.53   50.15 0.736
Illinois 54.17 52.47 0.038 17.24   17.14 0.891 65.20   64.86 0.737 57.35 55.15 0.034
Indiana 49.94   49.40 0.701 17.12 14.57 0.033 61.34   61.56 0.897 52.50   52.05 0.804
Iowa 54.46   53.09 0.291 18.27   18.36 0.942 69.28   67.04 0.203 56.28   55.02 0.450
Kansas 51.81   53.19 0.327 19.45   19.43 0.990 65.35   67.06 0.351 53.68   55.19 0.395
Kentucky 42.61   42.47 0.917 17.01   15.84 0.345 55.60   55.53 0.968 43.66   43.68 0.990
Louisiana 46.76 49.07 0.095 17.59   17.56 0.981 58.80   57.67 0.492 48.61 51.93 0.063
Maine 51.49 54.76 0.034 19.14   18.99 0.909 64.01   66.71 0.130 53.51 57.27 0.049
Maryland 53.05   53.14 0.954 15.71   15.22 0.688 62.88   62.85 0.985 56.69   56.76 0.969
Massachusetts 59.55   57.85 0.222 19.11   17.58 0.276 70.60   70.32 0.869 62.71   60.71 0.249
Michigan 54.17 56.20 0.016 17.09   16.30 0.274 66.30 68.55 0.017 57.36 59.70 0.028
Minnesota 60.99   61.74 0.555 19.18   18.49 0.607 69.71   71.94 0.155 64.99   65.69 0.672
Mississippi 37.84   36.93 0.509 15.43   14.33 0.321 49.04   47.16 0.323 38.87   38.25 0.732
Missouri 48.83   49.91 0.452 19.96 17.55 0.067 65.63   65.72 0.962 49.71   51.48 0.334
Montana 57.20   56.71 0.734 21.22   21.86 0.651 70.43   70.40 0.986 59.44   58.73 0.700
Nebraska 55.60   54.03 0.271 18.63   18.89 0.853 71.30   70.80 0.771 57.61   55.59 0.274
Nevada 48.17 52.00 0.012 16.56   16.00 0.679 57.33   60.17 0.127 50.95 55.49 0.019
New Hampshire 59.07   60.79 0.232 18.09   18.23 0.913 71.84   71.10 0.635 62.54   64.76 0.222
New Jersey 54.48   56.47 0.186 18.77   19.72 0.500 62.41 66.55 0.021 58.06   59.80 0.353
New Mexico 48.21   45.83 0.122 18.09   17.18 0.524 57.15   58.17 0.597 50.94   47.66 0.101
New York 53.92   54.75 0.310 18.75   19.36 0.436 63.30   64.22 0.409 56.88   57.68 0.435
North Carolina 43.62   43.58 0.980 14.92   14.44 0.660 55.48   54.83 0.714 45.49   45.60 0.951
North Dakota 59.32   58.24 0.423 20.04   19.57 0.736 74.56   73.44 0.487 61.15   59.93 0.488
Ohio 51.00   51.57 0.489 16.37   17.25 0.229 63.71 66.13 0.015 53.49   53.69 0.846
Oklahoma 42.37   41.85 0.740 17.41   15.89 0.265 55.52   53.31 0.277 43.19   43.18 0.996
Oregon 56.61   54.67 0.174 18.32   18.43 0.935 64.13 60.71 0.050 60.22   58.18 0.259
Pennsylvania 52.86   52.30 0.491 16.69   16.29 0.578 64.85   63.44 0.162 55.55   55.06 0.637
Rhode Island 60.38   61.23 0.523 19.79   20.20 0.775 73.05   74.20 0.478 63.25   64.05 0.639
South Carolina 42.98   45.26 0.105 13.67   14.22 0.615 52.79   55.08 0.213 45.24   47.73 0.165
South Dakota 59.71   58.70 0.457 22.03 18.40 0.024 72.36   74.06 0.311 62.45   61.29 0.504
Tennessee 40.85   42.41 0.288 14.34   13.75 0.610 55.11   55.00 0.956 41.76   43.96 0.237
Texas 48.62   49.49 0.291 16.91   16.51 0.581 57.65 59.46 0.086 51.73   52.57 0.432
Utah 30.05 32.40 0.049 12.08   11.46 0.644 34.91   36.89 0.286 31.82 34.77 0.081
Vermont 59.19   60.42 0.390 18.63   20.43 0.195 71.40   73.03 0.302 62.26   63.29 0.571
Virginia 51.24   51.86 0.693 13.93   15.01 0.349 64.16 61.12 0.092 54.07   55.14 0.588
Washington 56.48   54.45 0.173 15.78   17.22 0.265 62.85 66.06 0.073 60.74 57.38 0.076
West Virginia 35.95   36.40 0.747 16.47   16.63 0.897 53.83   54.11 0.878 35.33   35.91 0.741
Wisconsin 65.30 63.14 0.084 22.59 19.31 0.021 75.72 71.36 0.009 69.11   67.46 0.302
Wyoming 53.00 56.36 0.013 19.17   20.45 0.378 66.67 70.59 0.016 54.84 58.37 0.044
71003
Table C.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 22.70   22.82 0.516 10.49 10.10 0.025 41.54   42.02 0.206 21.07   21.20 0.605
Northeast 23.75   23.57 0.640 11.10   11.26 0.687 45.78   46.18 0.539 21.81   21.45 0.443
Midwest 25.53   25.43 0.698 11.65 10.81 0.006 47.40   47.77 0.468 23.50   23.44 0.851
South 21.40   21.57 0.493 9.50   9.23 0.281 38.03   38.27 0.630 20.10   20.35 0.463
West 21.10   21.65 0.126 10.44   9.88 0.157 37.98 39.08 0.100 19.56   20.15 0.208
                         
Alabama 19.11   18.74 0.697 10.03   9.08 0.355 33.61   33.77 0.927 17.76   17.42 0.776
Alaska 21.80   21.58 0.828 9.62   9.86 0.838 37.34   35.89 0.455 20.97   20.84 0.919
Arizona 24.11   22.87 0.247 11.54   10.73 0.487 44.03   40.85 0.102 22.31   21.38 0.497
Arkansas 19.23   20.71 0.167 10.23   11.83 0.186 36.63   38.19 0.361 17.33   18.84 0.253
California 20.02   20.81 0.169 9.99   9.23 0.221 35.42 37.75 0.024 18.73   19.41 0.360
Colorado 24.28   24.68 0.721 12.63   11.10 0.195 48.57   47.24 0.495 21.59   22.56 0.497
Connecticut 25.82   25.14 0.571 12.05   11.89 0.895 48.69   49.83 0.584 24.16   23.08 0.475
Delaware 20.60   21.29 0.505 9.82   9.64 0.859 42.95   42.59 0.845 18.09   19.14 0.418
District of Columbia 27.46   28.32 0.480 6.79   7.28 0.611 46.30 50.58 0.032 26.03   26.10 0.961
Florida 21.52   22.34 0.188 9.26   9.36 0.855 38.69   38.13 0.565 20.44   21.52 0.168
Georgia 19.55   19.65 0.925 8.43   8.14 0.749 32.81   35.21 0.190 18.72   18.51 0.874
Hawaii 21.66   21.41 0.820 9.34   9.18 0.889 42.88   40.37 0.204 19.94   20.06 0.926
Idaho 22.09   21.89 0.834 10.52   10.71 0.846 39.11   37.51 0.356 20.36   20.48 0.926
Illinois 26.27   25.46 0.200 10.41   10.46 0.930 46.71   46.27 0.681 24.84   23.81 0.208
Indiana 21.99   21.10 0.388 10.80 9.03 0.073 42.03   41.05 0.576 19.92   19.19 0.574
Iowa 27.87   27.14 0.509 12.95   11.39 0.161 52.50   50.85 0.362 25.19   24.83 0.794
Kansas 26.18   25.43 0.504 13.98   13.35 0.616 48.64   47.82 0.691 23.50   22.81 0.627
Kentucky 21.91   21.79 0.900 11.24   10.10 0.262 39.12   38.77 0.836 20.34   20.48 0.909
Louisiana 24.06   23.53 0.636 10.48   10.43 0.962 38.73   36.79 0.241 23.09   22.80 0.843
Maine 20.99   22.43 0.185 11.59   11.13 0.649 42.52 45.82 0.056 18.80   20.28 0.273
Maryland 19.96   20.20 0.813 9.13   8.94 0.824 37.26   37.50 0.894 18.65   18.91 0.843
Massachusetts 26.15   25.01 0.305 12.06   11.34 0.568 52.78   52.44 0.857 23.56   22.13 0.301
Michigan 24.59   25.37 0.229 10.43   9.91 0.379 45.85 47.92 0.051 22.88   23.64 0.365
Minnesota 27.42   27.86 0.699 12.94   12.75 0.859 47.63   50.35 0.143 25.67   25.80 0.929
Mississippi 19.76   18.40 0.168 8.72   7.93 0.379 34.41   31.84 0.138 18.45   17.33 0.370
Missouri 24.35   23.86 0.668 12.84 10.77 0.055 47.07   46.90 0.919 21.82   21.55 0.848
Montana 28.47   28.57 0.928 15.55   15.25 0.823 53.81   54.85 0.569 25.51   25.60 0.950
Nebraska 27.17   26.69 0.665 13.05   12.33 0.542 51.31   49.97 0.472 24.41   24.17 0.868
Nevada 22.50   23.75 0.291 10.60   10.26 0.770 39.38   42.40 0.104 21.39   22.59 0.414
New Hampshire 23.74   23.83 0.939 11.71   11.12 0.578 48.94   50.98 0.275 21.33   21.20 0.924
New Jersey 21.35   22.29 0.411 10.47   11.75 0.287 42.19   45.17 0.138 19.69   20.24 0.690
New Mexico 21.27   20.30 0.395 12.17 10.02 0.090 37.74   37.43 0.865 19.46   18.54 0.516
New York 23.00   23.47 0.475 11.21   11.67 0.463 43.43   43.77 0.744 21.12   21.53 0.612
North Carolina 20.67   19.46 0.222 8.98   8.56 0.634 37.21   35.79 0.396 19.48   18.24 0.319
North Dakota 31.52   30.32 0.249 14.24   12.71 0.231 58.05   56.49 0.365 28.24   26.99 0.362
Ohio 22.86 24.45 0.010 10.63   10.49 0.802 45.05 47.30 0.025 20.66 22.40 0.024
Oklahoma 21.42   21.14 0.810 11.83   10.26 0.185 39.75   37.08 0.159 19.17   19.60 0.767
Oregon 20.70   21.61 0.351 11.57   11.37 0.853 40.23   39.52 0.698 18.55   19.92 0.253
Pennsylvania 24.67 23.09 0.016 10.33   10.01 0.574 46.57   45.09 0.165 22.91 21.14 0.032
Rhode Island 27.96   27.12 0.464 12.69   11.14 0.197 51.94   51.19 0.699 25.56   24.75 0.573
South Carolina 20.18   20.88 0.499 8.34   7.93 0.632 35.70   36.71 0.558 19.04   19.88 0.518
South Dakota 27.18   28.14 0.380 13.59 11.44 0.081 52.23   51.78 0.800 24.10   25.88 0.216
Tennessee 17.79 20.52 0.002 7.68   7.71 0.976 34.76 39.91 0.003 16.20 18.95 0.015
Texas 24.00   24.06 0.926 10.26   9.88 0.493 39.70   40.99 0.210 23.02   22.90 0.884
Utah 16.33   17.38 0.133 8.67   7.99 0.490 26.66   28.31 0.263 14.82   16.04 0.217
Vermont 23.63 25.99 0.029 12.45   12.87 0.713 49.21 53.20 0.023 20.67 22.99 0.080
Virginia 22.44   21.79 0.535 8.71   8.97 0.776 44.41 41.07 0.078 20.63   20.29 0.796
Washington 21.74   22.80 0.353 9.44   10.93 0.185 39.18   41.24 0.270 20.34   21.23 0.526
West Virginia 18.67   18.90 0.808 10.77   10.04 0.457 40.49   40.93 0.800 16.13   16.53 0.735
Wisconsin 31.42 29.41 0.070 14.69 12.02 0.021 55.47   53.60 0.328 29.31   27.42 0.178
Wyoming 23.87   25.21 0.251 12.90   13.08 0.885 47.04   49.58 0.176 20.89   22.23 0.352
71003
Table C.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 41.19 41.69 0.046 38.25 38.90 0.054 32.11 32.72 0.058 43.18   43.64 0.153
Northeast 39.55   39.99 0.368 37.06   37.48 0.503 28.54 29.73 0.057 41.65   41.99 0.581
Midwest 37.05   37.56 0.158 35.86 36.91 0.031 27.29   27.73 0.329 38.96   39.40 0.356
South 43.93   44.32 0.330 40.39   40.83 0.394 35.19   35.24 0.913 45.94   46.36 0.412
West 42.31   42.98 0.224 38.16   38.92 0.249 34.78 35.92 0.075 44.28   44.85 0.422
                         
Alabama 46.57   44.95 0.306 43.87   42.33 0.413 37.84   35.58 0.221 48.48   46.92 0.426
Alaska 38.41   36.96 0.360 37.33   34.87 0.201 30.36   27.92 0.193 40.18   39.07 0.592
Arizona 41.41   40.47 0.531 37.64   35.94 0.367 31.08   32.44 0.475 43.82   42.52 0.500
Arkansas 43.56   43.04 0.745 36.82   39.53 0.163 32.92   34.48 0.387 46.37   45.00 0.499
California 44.33   45.59 0.146 39.23   40.68 0.149 38.31   39.46 0.273 46.19   47.45 0.256
Colorado 37.67   37.93 0.869 33.50   33.23 0.886 29.03   29.82 0.636 39.76   39.95 0.921
Connecticut 39.94   39.98 0.978 36.68   35.60 0.549 29.58   30.63 0.576 41.95   42.00 0.979
Delaware 42.18   41.38 0.582 37.46   39.29 0.316 30.65   31.13 0.804 44.77   43.40 0.447
District of Columbia 42.27   42.72 0.776 43.25   43.67 0.829 31.95   31.68 0.901 44.03   44.76 0.705
Florida 44.59   44.12 0.589 38.93   39.08 0.874 36.48 38.59 0.023 46.49   45.55 0.382
Georgia 45.51   47.50 0.208 44.41   45.04 0.746 40.86 37.70 0.092 46.52   49.61 0.126
Hawaii 39.28   42.05 0.101 39.38   41.48 0.291 30.56 33.98 0.071 40.61   43.36 0.186
Idaho 39.60   40.01 0.777 38.78   38.21 0.769 30.69   31.08 0.815 41.54   42.04 0.790
Illinois 38.07   38.86 0.340 36.93   37.84 0.378 31.23   31.05 0.852 39.45   40.40 0.369
Indiana 39.90   40.04 0.918 36.01   37.33 0.461 30.40   30.23 0.912 42.18   42.19 0.997
Iowa 35.92   35.20 0.591 33.89   35.17 0.470 23.94   23.46 0.761 38.39   37.35 0.539
Kansas 38.28   39.64 0.358 38.06   37.90 0.930 25.53   25.29 0.892 40.79   42.62 0.329
Kentucky 40.61   42.07 0.331 35.98   36.64 0.719 33.78   32.23 0.387 42.36   44.37 0.286
Louisiana 42.23   43.89 0.285 40.45   42.82 0.178 36.36 39.62 0.058 43.68   44.89 0.539
Maine 37.15   38.36 0.436 31.79   34.10 0.163 23.01   22.34 0.664 40.01   41.27 0.513
Maryland 44.04   44.50 0.772 40.03   40.09 0.977 34.19   35.42 0.523 46.21   46.60 0.843
Massachusetts 34.25   34.66 0.772 32.19   34.33 0.221 25.70   26.88 0.498 35.88   36.00 0.950
Michigan 37.82   38.21 0.619 36.44 38.01 0.074 28.95   28.75 0.830 39.58   39.88 0.762
Minnesota 35.14   33.54 0.266 32.52   33.61 0.556 24.55   23.14 0.364 37.43   35.43 0.273
Mississippi 47.74   47.25 0.752 45.66   44.52 0.567 40.79   38.22 0.171 49.42   49.38 0.982
Missouri 39.68   39.86 0.907 37.31   37.33 0.992 25.80   26.56 0.661 42.50   42.56 0.974
Montana 34.85   35.99 0.416 33.18   32.77 0.821 23.10   25.02 0.229 37.22   38.35 0.524
Nebraska 35.65   37.04 0.339 35.03   36.36 0.470 23.50   24.93 0.383 38.11   39.46 0.461
Nevada 42.52   41.61 0.573 37.60   37.35 0.898 38.36   36.38 0.318 43.85   43.00 0.670
New Hampshire 33.75   34.07 0.816 32.33   32.76 0.797 21.36   23.13 0.246 35.92   35.97 0.974
New Jersey 42.72   42.85 0.933 36.25   36.49 0.902 32.56   34.03 0.454 45.09   45.02 0.970
New Mexico 46.95   47.63 0.654 38.29   40.10 0.353 37.62   38.13 0.783 50.01   50.55 0.783
New York 42.72   42.65 0.931 39.11   39.57 0.679 30.77   31.42 0.541 45.17   44.95 0.841
North Carolina 44.32   45.51 0.464 39.52   40.21 0.694 31.91   30.61 0.449 47.03   48.64 0.432
North Dakota 33.78   33.77 0.993 33.52   33.10 0.813 22.50   23.33 0.606 36.14   36.08 0.971
Ohio 37.41   37.79 0.634 37.43   37.79 0.705 27.90   29.15 0.173 39.06   39.27 0.835
Oklahoma 41.35   42.78 0.362 37.91   39.17 0.531 30.67   33.48 0.144 43.87   45.03 0.556
Oregon 39.39   39.13 0.863 33.94   36.51 0.141 27.67   29.54 0.272 42.08   41.05 0.576
Pennsylvania 36.38 37.82 0.076 38.39   38.28 0.903 25.56 27.67 0.022 37.90   39.43 0.137
Rhode Island 38.71   39.09 0.798 38.19   36.97 0.542 26.78   27.35 0.755 40.94   41.51 0.759
South Carolina 42.25   44.23 0.202 41.01   42.48 0.424 33.71   35.40 0.349 43.93   45.99 0.291
South Dakota 34.03   34.05 0.987 33.34   34.59 0.480 23.27   22.33 0.561 36.26   36.24 0.990
Tennessee 43.33   41.82 0.330 41.33   39.41 0.285 35.53   33.16 0.190 44.89   43.55 0.491
Texas 44.04   44.41 0.651 40.40   41.13 0.469 34.54   34.69 0.883 46.48   46.81 0.755
Utah 45.94   46.77 0.575 47.44   46.44 0.651 38.44   39.62 0.524 47.76   48.76 0.626
Vermont 33.65   34.82 0.388 29.30   31.60 0.180 22.46   21.35 0.433 36.11   37.52 0.410
Virginia 43.08   42.81 0.862 40.68   40.20 0.784 33.32   33.36 0.980 45.02   44.71 0.872
Washington 37.15   37.42 0.864 34.77   34.81 0.985 27.18   28.62 0.406 39.19   39.25 0.976
West Virginia 41.74 44.62 0.061 35.52 38.72 0.065 31.14   31.64 0.773 44.10 47.25 0.100
Wisconsin 29.75 32.86 0.016 31.13 34.24 0.061 20.35 24.34 0.014 31.25 34.19 0.074
Wyoming 38.16   37.23 0.542 34.30   34.51 0.908 24.33   25.51 0.505 41.31   39.78 0.421
71003
Table C.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 28.47   28.29 0.522 19.19   18.87 0.238
Northeast 31.45   31.21 0.619 21.35   21.07 0.540
Midwest 31.01   30.40 0.139 21.88 21.24 0.071
South 26.46   26.32 0.705 17.22   16.92 0.368
West 26.84   27.08 0.638 17.95   17.92 0.954
             
Alabama 25.36   25.50 0.916 16.47   15.46 0.339
Alaska 26.65   27.56 0.479 18.38   18.61 0.848
Arizona 27.15   28.54 0.326 18.59   19.04 0.701
Arkansas 25.17 28.66 0.010 17.00 19.39 0.044
California 25.57   25.79 0.767 16.62   16.65 0.974
Colorado 34.21 31.77 0.083 22.29   20.62 0.187
Connecticut 33.35   31.70 0.234 21.69   21.19 0.702
Delaware 31.18   29.58 0.247 19.53   19.10 0.721
District of Columbia 30.57   29.76 0.613 18.57   18.92 0.794
Florida 27.73   27.35 0.611 18.05   17.49 0.385
Georgia 23.77   24.80 0.402 14.81   15.23 0.674
Hawaii 23.69   23.45 0.855 17.81   16.96 0.432
Idaho 26.10   25.26 0.542 18.71   18.32 0.744
Illinois 29.03   28.62 0.582 19.69   19.48 0.767
Indiana 28.53   26.91 0.169 19.16   18.52 0.546
Iowa 33.82   31.99 0.207 26.01 23.46 0.047
Kansas 31.84   32.38 0.729 24.42   23.98 0.746
Kentucky 28.06   27.26 0.523 19.10   18.45 0.553
Louisiana 28.76   28.05 0.551 18.23   16.79 0.177
Maine 30.97   32.30 0.313 21.31   22.07 0.515
Maryland 26.50   26.27 0.853 15.95   15.72 0.817
Massachusetts 34.81 31.97 0.044 24.70   23.42 0.304
Michigan 28.72   29.23 0.476 19.92   20.21 0.642
Minnesota 32.41   31.61 0.538 22.94   22.93 0.994
Mississippi 24.31   23.58 0.545 15.56   15.49 0.951
Missouri 32.60 30.38 0.093 22.60 20.40 0.054
Montana 35.62   34.30 0.324 27.67   25.98 0.204
Nebraska 32.10   33.37 0.366 24.02   23.62 0.737
Nevada 25.11 27.89 0.035 17.18   18.90 0.133
New Hampshire 32.15   32.46 0.807 22.54   22.79 0.829
New Jersey 30.05   32.32 0.103 18.82   20.68 0.119
New Mexico 27.89   27.71 0.909 19.38   17.97 0.264
New York 31.44   31.30 0.859 21.20   20.72 0.519
North Carolina 24.18   24.11 0.955 15.35   15.74 0.682
North Dakota 38.46   37.59 0.522 29.47   28.46 0.442
Ohio 28.91 30.28 0.061 20.85   21.15 0.646
Oklahoma 27.65 24.37 0.018 19.53 17.18 0.060
Oregon 30.36   29.27 0.405 20.31   19.22 0.336
Pennsylvania 29.63   28.76 0.229 20.92 19.77 0.091
Rhode Island 36.56   36.15 0.777 25.43   23.62 0.137
South Carolina 22.20 24.18 0.099 15.22   15.48 0.793
South Dakota 38.32 34.10 0.004 26.97 23.66 0.010
Tennessee 23.91   24.36 0.709 14.33   15.78 0.165
Texas 27.74   27.20 0.457 18.32   17.56 0.219
Utah 21.33   21.46 0.914 16.70   16.99 0.779
Vermont 34.02 38.29 0.001 24.51 28.02 0.003
Virginia 27.51   27.60 0.941 18.51   18.52 0.993
Washington 28.67   30.50 0.212 19.14   20.32 0.346
West Virginia 27.92   28.10 0.894 20.02   19.60 0.716
Wisconsin 39.45 35.43 0.001 28.08 25.12 0.009
Wyoming 33.13   34.20 0.484 23.32   23.95 0.650
71003
Table C.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 29.31   29.51 0.497 13.76 13.00 0.003 44.44   44.10 0.281 28.79   29.21 0.254
Northeast 28.35   28.11 0.600 13.99   13.28 0.111 45.27   44.38 0.141 27.47   27.34 0.830
Midwest 32.39   32.31 0.844 15.19 14.39 0.038 49.31   48.83 0.329 31.70   31.80 0.848
South 31.16   31.40 0.554 13.86 13.23 0.057 44.94   44.87 0.888 31.10   31.52 0.410
West 24.14 24.96 0.091 12.10 11.16 0.032 38.25   38.19 0.920 23.31 24.53 0.047
                         
Alabama 32.72   33.58 0.542 15.95   15.29 0.618 46.30   45.76 0.784 32.55   33.89 0.448
Alaska 29.73   29.85 0.927 15.14   15.10 0.974 47.56   47.51 0.983 28.89   28.99 0.955
Arizona 26.70   28.02 0.310 13.68   13.52 0.896 40.94   41.69 0.711 26.00   27.63 0.316
Arkansas 34.88   35.69 0.579 16.20   16.46 0.852 50.35   50.82 0.799 34.61   35.60 0.588
California 21.19 22.62 0.047 10.87 9.47 0.028 34.04   34.35 0.759 20.41 22.42 0.028
Colorado 27.03   26.47 0.684 15.93   14.35 0.241 47.02   46.11 0.643 25.03   24.67 0.829
Connecticut 26.56   25.35 0.386 15.52 12.53 0.020 45.57   47.49 0.355 25.13   23.63 0.381
Delaware 29.90   28.26 0.210 14.77 12.54 0.057 44.69   42.14 0.197 29.25   27.89 0.397
District of Columbia 28.38   28.72 0.802 9.33   9.29 0.970 39.26   39.55 0.886 28.23   28.55 0.844
Florida 28.70   28.14 0.481 11.95   11.49 0.488 41.92   41.25 0.515 28.76   28.15 0.539
Georgia 29.71   29.28 0.765 12.83   12.20 0.559 40.22   40.53 0.871 30.20   29.69 0.778
Hawaii 22.42   22.20 0.853 10.30   8.96 0.248 39.43   36.69 0.157 21.32   21.66 0.817
Idaho 27.46   27.81 0.770 13.14   12.45 0.561 44.81   41.94 0.129 26.06   27.32 0.416
Illinois 31.34 30.09 0.099 12.81   12.70 0.875 47.62 45.39 0.035 31.02   29.77 0.192
Indiana 32.72   33.36 0.624 14.19   14.02 0.886 48.24   48.90 0.726 32.51   33.25 0.655
Iowa 31.29   31.43 0.911 14.61   15.81 0.360 51.14   50.21 0.641 29.71   30.01 0.853
Kansas 33.02   32.92 0.941 16.61   15.94 0.642 48.79   48.46 0.875 32.23   32.28 0.975
Kentucky 38.32   38.06 0.856 21.04   19.61 0.324 53.23   56.03 0.117 37.98   37.43 0.758
Louisiana 32.34   33.07 0.600 12.21   13.11 0.452 43.77   43.79 0.990 32.99   33.83 0.636
Maine 31.30   31.01 0.833 17.98   16.09 0.149 51.95   51.37 0.742 29.72   29.74 0.990
Maryland 26.27   25.58 0.612 12.06   11.11 0.350 40.03   39.45 0.755 26.03   25.29 0.668
Massachusetts 27.77   28.42 0.608 13.95   14.42 0.723 46.62   45.04 0.444 26.41   27.37 0.528
Michigan 32.65   32.53 0.877 13.95   13.23 0.274 49.93   50.05 0.912 32.30   32.22 0.937
Minnesota 29.79   30.13 0.793 15.82   15.30 0.683 50.89   51.82 0.619 27.81   28.18 0.822
Mississippi 32.46   33.22 0.583 13.82   13.07 0.513 46.33   44.72 0.388 32.41   33.94 0.389
Missouri 36.01   35.46 0.700 19.21 15.88 0.013 51.60   49.29 0.216 35.47   35.65 0.921
Montana 34.62   34.23 0.789 19.55   18.10 0.332 51.47   51.99 0.788 33.49   33.14 0.846
Nebraska 28.87   30.37 0.270 15.60   14.32 0.351 45.52   45.86 0.854 27.45   29.58 0.217
Nevada 30.78   31.02 0.860 12.82   11.96 0.513 43.68   42.78 0.644 31.12   31.69 0.741
New Hampshire 27.80   27.01 0.536 13.45   12.95 0.666 47.29   47.48 0.919 26.62   25.62 0.530
New Jersey 25.49   25.40 0.949 13.30   12.89 0.742 41.86   43.09 0.526 24.67   24.39 0.867
New Mexico 27.93   28.53 0.652 15.14   14.55 0.691 45.36   46.91 0.386 26.49   27.07 0.729
New York 27.65   27.43 0.766 12.74   11.87 0.197 43.04   41.66 0.218 27.01   27.00 0.989
North Carolina 32.57   31.33 0.381 17.11 14.21 0.020 48.70   47.34 0.444 31.95   30.98 0.584
North Dakota 32.39   30.85 0.251 17.57 15.14 0.097 49.87   47.76 0.274 30.66   29.25 0.397
Ohio 33.39   33.63 0.766 16.01   15.73 0.697 49.68   51.03 0.181 32.91   33.05 0.894
Oklahoma 33.74 36.86 0.040 17.72   16.21 0.309 50.63   49.98 0.750 32.64 37.17 0.018
Oregon 29.29 27.12 0.092 14.46   14.16 0.808 46.52   44.18 0.201 28.26   25.91 0.141
Pennsylvania 31.82   31.27 0.471 15.45   14.95 0.477 48.84 46.72 0.043 31.13   30.82 0.744
Rhode Island 28.84   29.03 0.889 14.61   13.53 0.426 45.02   45.44 0.828 27.72   28.00 0.873
South Carolina 32.99   33.86 0.553 15.13   14.92 0.869 47.69   47.96 0.889 32.83   33.97 0.537
South Dakota 32.16   32.63 0.727 19.10   17.67 0.341 49.80   48.55 0.529 30.48   31.62 0.504
Tennessee 35.50 38.06 0.068 16.81   16.45 0.792 49.40   52.45 0.105 35.50 38.41 0.092
Texas 29.76   30.62 0.275 11.82   11.64 0.794 42.15   42.38 0.833 30.09   31.22 0.267
Utah 21.30   22.08 0.520 10.40   9.80 0.620 29.55   30.03 0.790 20.93   22.05 0.511
Vermont 29.98   29.90 0.950 16.44   16.58 0.916 52.65   53.54 0.645 27.82   27.54 0.856
Virginia 29.33   29.11 0.874 13.02   12.71 0.794 48.04   48.20 0.932 28.40   28.11 0.865
Washington 27.40   27.70 0.822 11.66   12.46 0.508 43.29   42.99 0.876 26.72   27.11 0.817
West Virginia 40.93   40.62 0.841 19.49   18.32 0.379 55.95 52.60 0.064 40.96   41.26 0.873
Wisconsin 31.93   32.66 0.578 16.45 13.81 0.039 48.95   47.37 0.425 30.93   32.53 0.327
Wyoming 32.24 34.75 0.062 17.59   19.36 0.238 48.63 52.65 0.036 31.04   33.40 0.161
71003
Table C.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 24.90   24.96 0.844 11.33 10.58 0.000 39.27 38.71 0.063 24.23   24.51 0.492
Northeast 24.46   24.02 0.345 11.64 10.81 0.020 40.58 39.14 0.016 23.50   23.24 0.654
Midwest 27.46   27.30 0.693 12.56 11.79 0.012 43.71   42.97 0.145 26.58   26.62 0.935
South 26.16   26.19 0.944 11.47 10.72 0.009 39.28   39.14 0.760 25.87   26.03 0.734
West 20.72   21.48 0.112 9.75 9.05 0.069 33.90   33.65 0.682 19.91 21.05 0.069
                         
Alabama 27.07   27.58 0.713 12.43   11.73 0.517 38.87   38.69 0.925 26.94   27.75 0.641
Alaska 24.58   24.28 0.806 10.75   10.53 0.841 41.26   39.76 0.441 23.85   23.67 0.915
Arizona 22.73   23.70 0.427 11.07   11.33 0.816 35.21   35.68 0.806 22.14   23.31 0.444
Arkansas 28.00   29.11 0.424 13.08   13.92 0.499 43.36   44.92 0.404 27.25   28.37 0.519
California 18.28 19.87 0.023 8.97 7.82 0.045 30.35   30.63 0.767 17.49 19.67 0.016
Colorado 22.58   22.15 0.717 12.15   11.00 0.308 40.87   40.36 0.792 20.79   20.46 0.822
Connecticut 23.06   21.34 0.158 12.93 10.21 0.014 41.72   42.13 0.848 21.55   19.61 0.194
Delaware 25.65   24.47 0.322 12.19   10.75 0.145 39.14   36.98 0.260 25.01   24.09 0.526
District of Columbia 25.44   25.64 0.882 7.14   7.42 0.727 34.76   36.36 0.414 25.49   25.36 0.938
Florida 24.30   23.74 0.435 10.10   9.55 0.339 36.04   35.28 0.457 24.26   23.69 0.519
Georgia 24.69   23.24 0.287 10.85   9.85 0.319 35.20   34.85 0.847 24.75   23.08 0.318
Hawaii 19.45   19.64 0.870 7.72   7.13 0.520 35.71   33.71 0.311 18.41   19.07 0.644
Idaho 23.44   23.46 0.990 10.63   10.05 0.569 40.28 36.55 0.035 21.94   22.88 0.488
Illinois 27.03   25.86 0.103 10.60   10.51 0.865 43.19 40.22 0.007 26.44   25.42 0.261
Indiana 27.96   28.21 0.846 12.28   11.72 0.615 42.18   43.03 0.642 27.59   27.83 0.881
Iowa 25.73   25.36 0.759 12.17   12.83 0.576 42.51   42.25 0.902 24.34   23.88 0.766
Kansas 27.64   26.63 0.446 13.53   12.44 0.378 42.82   41.38 0.482 26.66   25.77 0.599
Kentucky 31.47   30.76 0.606 17.17   15.72 0.269 45.78 49.50 0.048 30.85   29.57 0.465
Louisiana 27.89   27.10 0.550 9.95   10.57 0.539 38.98   38.74 0.890 28.28   27.20 0.518
Maine 26.58   27.02 0.742 15.21 12.95 0.061 46.24   45.08 0.559 24.91   26.00 0.508
Maryland 22.56   22.02 0.677 10.55   9.58 0.298 36.30   35.20 0.562 22.00   21.56 0.787
Massachusetts 23.11   23.69 0.632 10.62   10.53 0.934 40.06   38.64 0.445 21.89   22.81 0.535
Michigan 28.13   27.98 0.847 12.24   11.30 0.119 45.24   44.87 0.713 27.40   27.41 0.992
Minnesota 24.98   25.01 0.985 12.85   12.42 0.694 46.34   46.61 0.884 22.71   22.77 0.971
Mississippi 26.61   27.07 0.734 11.14   9.90 0.206 38.26   36.65 0.366 26.55   27.73 0.502
Missouri 29.90   29.65 0.853 15.81 13.24 0.040 44.84   43.17 0.365 29.11   29.46 0.836
Montana 27.12   27.60 0.689 14.68   13.93 0.549 41.78   42.25 0.800 26.06   26.74 0.651
Nebraska 24.50   25.73 0.346 12.75   11.62 0.350 39.97   40.00 0.988 23.10   24.91 0.270
Nevada 26.57   26.91 0.792 10.64   10.38 0.813 38.78   38.71 0.975 26.75   27.23 0.763
New Hampshire 23.02   22.88 0.910 11.00   10.69 0.767 40.87   42.74 0.337 21.78   21.34 0.768
New Jersey 22.11   21.07 0.405 11.20   11.13 0.950 37.58   37.56 0.994 21.25   19.90 0.377
New Mexico 23.63   24.22 0.623 11.70   11.44 0.824 39.66   41.58 0.337 22.33   22.79 0.767
New York 24.53   24.22 0.681 10.71 9.57 0.049 39.53 37.59 0.068 23.81   23.83 0.985
North Carolina 26.90   26.26 0.618 13.87 10.83 0.009 44.14   42.49 0.360 25.78   25.66 0.940
North Dakota 26.09   25.22 0.487 13.78   12.17 0.210 42.52   40.59 0.330 24.26   23.60 0.677
Ohio 28.15   28.47 0.667 12.82   12.51 0.633 43.15   44.31 0.247 27.62   27.90 0.773
Oklahoma 28.96   31.32 0.106 14.87   12.94 0.161 44.15   42.69 0.463 27.93 31.65 0.045
Oregon 25.19 22.77 0.048 11.22   11.10 0.909 41.41   39.00 0.188 24.21 21.53 0.080
Pennsylvania 26.90   26.37 0.482 13.08   12.45 0.344 43.25 40.55 0.007 25.99   25.81 0.851
Rhode Island 24.81   24.72 0.946 12.02   11.12 0.458 39.63   40.71 0.576 23.75   23.51 0.887
South Carolina 28.69   29.83 0.393 11.95   12.14 0.872 41.96   43.05 0.539 28.62   29.92 0.447
South Dakota 26.24   26.45 0.868 15.52   14.62 0.477 43.43   41.08 0.231 24.33   25.27 0.566
Tennessee 29.64   31.81 0.130 13.40   12.93 0.682 43.88   46.89 0.115 29.27   31.70 0.173
Texas 25.11   25.54 0.555 9.89   9.50 0.524 37.00   36.87 0.900 25.12   25.78 0.491
Utah 19.12   19.31 0.857 8.68   8.11 0.569 27.82   27.69 0.940 18.55   18.98 0.769
Vermont 25.37   25.05 0.804 13.76   13.14 0.566 45.81   46.61 0.663 23.35   22.87 0.761
Virginia 24.79   24.88 0.938 11.08   10.97 0.919 41.74   42.38 0.738 23.80   23.82 0.988
Washington 24.02   23.31 0.577 9.20   9.76 0.582 38.84   36.58 0.226 23.41   22.84 0.718
West Virginia 32.38   32.47 0.951 16.03   14.41 0.167 47.65 44.65 0.092 31.79   32.60 0.652
Wisconsin 27.13   27.82 0.576 12.95 10.93 0.072 43.95   42.27 0.421 25.99   27.49 0.338
Wyoming 25.50 27.79 0.066 13.98   14.57 0.628 39.72 44.49 0.016 24.30   26.39 0.182
71003
Table C.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 74.35   74.14 0.449 67.94   68.52 0.102 69.82   70.22 0.255 76.02   75.59 0.172
Northeast 75.38   75.91 0.216 67.82 69.50 0.007 69.59 70.88 0.043 77.28   77.56 0.591
Midwest 72.00   71.57 0.245 66.87 67.78 0.070 66.96   67.04 0.872 73.61   72.89 0.117
South 73.57   73.23 0.369 67.54   67.56 0.966 69.44   69.23 0.661 75.12   74.69 0.349
West 77.04   76.65 0.392 69.66   69.92 0.691 73.41   74.28 0.173 78.78   78.05 0.201
                         
Alabama 72.34   71.35 0.446 66.75   65.38 0.447 69.22   68.73 0.786 73.64   72.60 0.517
Alaska 71.55   72.05 0.695 69.48   67.50 0.265 67.32   66.70 0.734 72.75   73.87 0.503
Arizona 76.90   74.99 0.124 66.39   65.70 0.715 70.36   71.54 0.512 79.59 76.91 0.085
Arkansas 71.96   71.12 0.537 64.59   64.64 0.981 66.01   66.89 0.615 74.01   72.71 0.443
California 78.07   78.09 0.983 69.48   70.60 0.259 75.40   76.68 0.200 79.85   79.47 0.658
Colorado 75.48   75.80 0.802 69.31   68.41 0.618 70.20   71.72 0.401 77.26   77.48 0.881
Connecticut 75.45 77.70 0.089 68.69 71.47 0.090 72.67   74.58 0.307 76.77   79.00 0.169
Delaware 76.21   74.28 0.121 71.47   69.85 0.344 73.30   71.75 0.359 77.32   75.28 0.181
District of Columbia 78.22   78.02 0.883 66.72   66.99 0.887 74.55 77.53 0.100 79.96   79.21 0.636
Florida 76.33   75.93 0.583 68.31   67.86 0.626 72.67   72.77 0.912 77.85   77.36 0.579
Georgia 76.06   75.03 0.435 72.21   69.44 0.116 73.83   72.16 0.335 77.03   76.33 0.679
Hawaii 74.32   74.83 0.730 69.88   68.93 0.604 70.24   72.38 0.233 75.50   75.95 0.805
Idaho 74.16   73.66 0.703 69.93   69.52 0.814 69.14   68.79 0.838 75.83   75.24 0.725
Illinois 74.60   74.82 0.778 67.23   68.66 0.135 69.45   69.98 0.573 76.55   76.53 0.984
Indiana 70.98   69.26 0.194 64.80   65.70 0.612 67.45   67.13 0.851 72.50   70.14 0.163
Iowa 68.58   70.14 0.232 66.18   67.61 0.425 62.99   63.90 0.649 69.92   71.61 0.302
Kansas 71.74   71.00 0.574 67.00   67.90 0.614 65.92   65.77 0.935 73.53   72.43 0.506
Kentucky 66.01   67.83 0.189 65.22   63.44 0.343 61.46   61.42 0.984 66.88   69.43 0.139
Louisiana 72.87   72.99 0.931 67.72   69.58 0.285 71.18   72.18 0.531 73.98   73.64 0.836
Maine 70.74   71.22 0.732 62.76   65.10 0.176 64.24   64.09 0.928 72.73   73.02 0.866
Maryland 76.07   74.63 0.270 71.39   69.09 0.188 72.90   72.52 0.827 77.24   75.74 0.359
Massachusetts 76.16   75.10 0.410 67.73   69.96 0.229 72.38   72.53 0.933 77.80   76.15 0.283
Michigan 72.40   72.81 0.600 67.60   67.49 0.905 67.17   66.91 0.794 74.00   74.58 0.552
Minnesota 71.97   71.76 0.869 64.25   65.84 0.383 66.08   67.30 0.524 74.08   73.37 0.660
Mississippi 72.87   72.59 0.837 67.20   66.49 0.696 68.98   68.95 0.985 74.47   74.18 0.866
Missouri 69.74   69.81 0.963 65.95   68.00 0.249 64.66   63.01 0.345 71.17   71.26 0.960
Montana 71.72   71.30 0.752 66.42   66.69 0.885 67.64   67.87 0.895 73.15   72.50 0.695
Nebraska 70.59   71.06 0.734 65.77   68.50 0.118 65.31   65.21 0.955 72.28   72.54 0.882
Nevada 74.02 71.75 0.088 66.78   67.27 0.792 71.62   72.24 0.730 75.37 72.27 0.062
New Hampshire 72.93   73.48 0.671 69.24   69.73 0.760 66.54   66.42 0.948 74.45   75.09 0.690
New Jersey 75.03   77.04 0.111 68.19   69.28 0.538 70.66 74.33 0.048 76.59   78.47 0.223
New Mexico 75.71   74.91 0.534 65.88   65.95 0.967 69.67   70.40 0.679 78.31   77.09 0.447
New York 76.53   77.39 0.221 68.29 70.62 0.025 70.25   71.51 0.222 78.63   79.26 0.464
North Carolina 70.81   72.89 0.149 66.65   69.14 0.128 66.25   66.13 0.946 72.13   74.48 0.194
North Dakota 69.09   67.29 0.204 67.99   66.38 0.372 65.93   64.67 0.484 69.89   67.96 0.288
Ohio 71.80   70.62 0.119 67.84   67.89 0.952 66.92   66.58 0.722 73.19   71.68 0.113
Oklahoma 70.00   68.81 0.431 64.22   65.50 0.549 63.59   65.64 0.280 72.02   69.86 0.262
Oregon 76.68   76.74 0.961 71.80   70.05 0.295 72.37   71.14 0.472 78.04   78.50 0.766
Pennsylvania 74.12   73.58 0.463 66.85   67.78 0.304 66.37   66.95 0.552 76.33   75.41 0.313
Rhode Island 76.49   76.04 0.719 70.08 67.01 0.095 72.83   73.53 0.688 77.97   77.64 0.833
South Carolina 70.56   70.29 0.839 64.92   66.88 0.240 63.87   66.85 0.112 72.51   71.35 0.480
South Dakota 72.37   72.60 0.857 67.81   69.93 0.235 65.00   67.25 0.219 74.47   74.00 0.772
Tennessee 71.43   70.66 0.582 65.42   64.60 0.646 65.39   62.47 0.107 73.19   72.77 0.809
Texas 74.38   73.93 0.549 66.00 67.68 0.077 70.53   70.00 0.588 76.44   75.66 0.415
Utah 78.78   78.24 0.656 77.07   75.04 0.255 77.03   76.24 0.636 79.57   79.34 0.890
Vermont 74.70   75.14 0.730 67.00   69.33 0.141 66.95   67.08 0.940 77.00   77.24 0.882
Virginia 75.00   73.87 0.387 70.63   67.97 0.117 70.20   69.06 0.511 76.38   75.43 0.556
Washington 76.58   75.27 0.319 72.47   72.14 0.846 71.60   71.73 0.941 77.98   76.28 0.298
West Virginia 68.78   68.09 0.641 65.60 69.09 0.052 61.75   62.78 0.564 70.23   68.78 0.424
Wisconsin 72.03 69.72 0.079 68.77   69.71 0.554 67.53   68.64 0.557 73.27 69.91 0.041
Wyoming 72.43   71.15 0.318 69.63   68.73 0.620 65.36   64.48 0.627 74.16   72.71 0.375
71003
Table C.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.71   7.66 0.615 5.78 5.45 0.019 17.47   17.58 0.707 6.27   6.22 0.766
Northeast 7.30   7.15 0.502 5.62   5.42 0.451 18.05   17.73 0.500 5.77   5.64 0.616
Midwest 8.38   8.27 0.525 6.26 5.85 0.059 20.10   20.40 0.460 6.57   6.44 0.562
South 7.28   7.22 0.709 5.23   4.97 0.154 15.47   15.73 0.493 6.13   6.05 0.729
West 8.07   8.15 0.731 6.28   5.84 0.127 17.52   17.56 0.942 6.60   6.76 0.588
                         
Alabama 6.55   6.49 0.910 5.47   5.13 0.613 12.67   12.88 0.870 5.61   5.56 0.940
Alaska 7.51   7.78 0.647 5.98   6.09 0.883 16.10   16.83 0.589 6.11   6.33 0.760
Arizona 9.00   8.14 0.167 7.08 5.66 0.057 17.77   16.61 0.422 7.69   6.99 0.341
Arkansas 6.63 7.88 0.039 5.12 6.66 0.062 15.63 18.13 0.067 5.23   6.26 0.139
California 7.77   8.23 0.219 6.08   5.49 0.207 16.74   17.39 0.423 6.39   6.94 0.243
Colorado 9.23   9.10 0.868 7.45   6.94 0.546 20.70   20.90 0.904 7.46   7.34 0.900
Connecticut 8.49   8.48 0.994 6.31   5.94 0.659 22.04   23.07 0.545 6.71   6.57 0.864
Delaware 7.02   6.71 0.578 5.00   4.97 0.955 18.56 15.86 0.054 5.28   5.36 0.904
District of Columbia 9.83   9.86 0.969 3.95   3.56 0.505 18.69   19.81 0.471 8.80   8.57 0.818
Florida 8.02   7.51 0.147 5.76   5.13 0.145 16.94   16.71 0.759 6.96   6.41 0.200
Georgia 5.97   6.80 0.163 4.31   4.53 0.724 11.87   13.98 0.104 5.13   5.84 0.332
Hawaii 6.84   7.06 0.730 5.37   4.66 0.383 17.51   17.19 0.831 5.38   5.81 0.569
Idaho 7.82   8.12 0.586 7.05   7.30 0.764 16.34   17.67 0.320 6.19   6.37 0.791
Illinois 8.40 7.68 0.071 5.80   5.62 0.685 19.95   18.91 0.227 6.70   5.96 0.125
Indiana 7.87   7.68 0.749 5.93   4.89 0.134 18.26   19.51 0.379 6.26   5.94 0.672
Iowa 8.75   9.02 0.684 7.48   8.24 0.402 23.30   21.93 0.387 6.23   6.76 0.492
Kansas 8.86   8.46 0.535 7.61   7.38 0.800 20.55   19.28 0.435 6.76   6.54 0.769
Kentucky 6.78   6.30 0.390 6.10   5.96 0.838 14.16   14.69 0.662 5.62   4.97 0.322
Louisiana 7.61   7.23 0.564 5.09   4.29 0.250 14.21   13.88 0.787 6.64   6.34 0.704
Maine 7.31   7.52 0.745 6.72   6.09 0.429 16.57   17.67 0.403 5.94   6.16 0.767
Maryland 6.84   6.93 0.869 5.05   5.15 0.877 15.13   16.67 0.253 5.74   5.58 0.819
Massachusetts 7.96   8.19 0.723 5.32   5.47 0.840 19.42   19.38 0.980 6.43   6.67 0.753
Michigan 7.88   8.32 0.222 5.57   5.20 0.378 18.89 20.60 0.028 6.28   6.63 0.433
Minnesota 8.76   9.24 0.481 6.10   6.62 0.518 19.60   20.91 0.412 7.14   7.48 0.663
Mississippi 6.62   6.47 0.801 4.48   4.47 0.987 13.50   14.13 0.606 5.57   5.29 0.697
Missouri 8.93   8.77 0.798 7.04   6.31 0.359 20.95   22.76 0.198 7.03   6.62 0.608
Montana 9.94   10.81 0.229 9.01 10.92 0.083 25.60   26.72 0.498 7.21   7.97 0.390
Nebraska 9.47   9.67 0.768 7.47   7.01 0.599 23.63   23.66 0.984 6.99   7.34 0.659
Nevada 8.39   8.15 0.718 6.23   6.39 0.833 19.68   17.88 0.228 6.86   6.84 0.972
New Hampshire 7.76   8.16 0.524 6.04   6.37 0.680 21.19   21.96 0.620 5.84   6.21 0.621
New Jersey 6.52   6.31 0.721 5.68   5.53 0.839 15.51   15.67 0.905 5.29   5.01 0.688
New Mexico 8.57   8.14 0.523 6.65   6.46 0.834 18.67   17.32 0.363 6.93   6.64 0.724
New York 6.90   6.97 0.842 5.38   5.33 0.909 16.95   16.68 0.728 5.42   5.53 0.814
North Carolina 6.94   6.61 0.543 5.29   4.90 0.516 14.66   14.39 0.823 5.87   5.57 0.648
North Dakota 9.80   9.37 0.536 8.23   8.36 0.882 24.19   22.93 0.432 7.03   6.62 0.614
Ohio 7.26   7.76 0.147 5.41   5.26 0.722 18.05   18.94 0.261 5.64   6.18 0.204
Oklahoma 7.88   7.40 0.426 6.25 4.91 0.093 18.55   16.66 0.177 6.04   5.98 0.934
Oregon 7.74   6.81 0.115 6.31   6.41 0.890 17.94   16.29 0.209 6.19   5.29 0.193
Pennsylvania 7.57 6.75 0.024 5.65   5.08 0.160 19.03 17.58 0.080 5.93 5.18 0.086
Rhode Island 8.26   8.64 0.600 5.89   5.29 0.420 19.99   19.06 0.553 6.44   7.16 0.406
South Carolina 7.79   7.28 0.409 4.61   4.50 0.869 13.60   14.84 0.358 7.20   6.35 0.247
South Dakota 9.35   10.05 0.310 8.15   6.86 0.167 22.59   23.72 0.487 6.89   7.86 0.240
Tennessee 6.67   6.75 0.889 4.81   4.76 0.939 14.83   16.72 0.139 5.54   5.36 0.793
Texas 7.72   7.95 0.549 5.25   4.94 0.432 16.28   16.05 0.759 6.41   6.83 0.394
Utah 7.26   7.42 0.783 5.23   5.07 0.824 14.15   15.03 0.437 5.71   5.76 0.948
Vermont 8.67   8.77 0.867 6.43   6.49 0.937 22.71   23.53 0.598 6.55   6.54 0.991
Virginia 7.38   7.14 0.675 5.01   4.97 0.948 18.27   17.45 0.556 5.89   5.72 0.804
Washington 8.26   7.83 0.513 5.74   5.91 0.830 18.78   17.37 0.307 6.77   6.47 0.693
West Virginia 6.99   6.40 0.311 6.49   5.36 0.111 18.18   17.01 0.399 5.28   4.89 0.570
Wisconsin 10.14 8.50 0.029 8.05 5.98 0.008 24.12   22.21 0.266 7.90 6.41 0.095
Wyoming 9.35   9.25 0.883 8.10   7.71 0.670 20.31   21.64 0.396 7.43   7.13 0.728
71003
Table C.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 3.38   3.35 0.756 2.14   2.02 0.152 7.21   7.43 0.182 2.87   2.82 0.621
Northeast 3.22   3.18 0.825 2.00   1.91 0.503 7.22   7.49 0.412 2.72   2.64 0.645
Midwest 3.54   3.46 0.521 2.24   2.11 0.313 7.94   8.20 0.315 2.93   2.80 0.413
South 3.17   3.12 0.656 1.96   1.89 0.577 6.52   6.81 0.198 2.75   2.65 0.482
West 3.66   3.73 0.706 2.45   2.19 0.161 7.54   7.59 0.885 3.13   3.25 0.612
                         
Alabama 3.11   2.97 0.704 2.43   2.32 0.780 6.19   5.55 0.437 2.66   2.61 0.910
Alaska 3.62   4.19 0.200 2.48   2.66 0.689 6.64   6.51 0.877 3.24   4.00 0.172
Arizona 4.11   3.97 0.757 2.68   2.36 0.425 8.24   7.35 0.352 3.57   3.60 0.962
Arkansas 2.99   3.40 0.269 1.72   2.26 0.204 6.49   6.97 0.550 2.54   2.92 0.378
California 3.61   3.84 0.372 2.43   2.14 0.284 7.15   7.73 0.272 3.14   3.38 0.469
Colorado 3.97   3.79 0.692 3.00   2.65 0.452 9.51   8.72 0.445 3.13   3.08 0.930
Connecticut 3.48   3.34 0.748 2.02   2.19 0.670 8.07   8.50 0.685 2.97   2.70 0.591
Delaware 2.75   2.88 0.738 1.76   1.82 0.857 5.83   6.24 0.614 2.34   2.44 0.826
District of Columbia 5.31   4.64 0.267 1.58   1.59 0.982 8.86   8.12 0.479 5.03   4.26 0.314
Florida 3.27   3.06 0.381 1.91   1.95 0.874 7.19   7.16 0.953 2.85   2.57 0.354
Georgia 2.77   3.06 0.475 1.63   1.76 0.704 4.75   5.18 0.533 2.57   2.86 0.559
Hawaii 3.33   3.49 0.734 2.35   1.86 0.317 7.93   7.17 0.419 2.75   3.13 0.497
Idaho 3.30   3.31 0.985 2.41   2.15 0.520 7.23   7.25 0.978 2.63   2.70 0.864
Illinois 3.73   3.52 0.383 2.17   2.07 0.659 8.19   7.66 0.381 3.16   2.97 0.549
Indiana 3.39   3.28 0.773 2.29   2.15 0.721 7.76   8.28 0.576 2.75   2.54 0.645
Iowa 3.73   3.85 0.756 2.76   2.91 0.751 9.35   9.04 0.774 2.81   3.03 0.658
Kansas 3.71   3.75 0.918 2.87   2.73 0.795 8.30   8.69 0.685 2.94   2.95 0.981
Kentucky 3.05   2.84 0.567 2.43   2.44 0.988 6.18   6.32 0.853 2.60   2.32 0.531
Louisiana 3.14   3.15 0.974 1.60   1.67 0.823 5.54   5.77 0.743 2.88   2.85 0.951
Maine 3.17   3.24 0.860 2.43   2.32 0.806 7.18   7.11 0.941 2.64   2.77 0.781
Maryland 3.01   2.64 0.350 1.93   1.75 0.624 5.59   5.97 0.637 2.74   2.21 0.278
Massachusetts 3.73   3.72 0.975 1.86   1.86 0.998 8.92   8.59 0.757 3.12   3.13 0.979
Michigan 3.37   3.68 0.224 2.12   2.07 0.842 7.43 8.64 0.027 2.84   3.05 0.492
Minnesota 3.58   3.67 0.835 2.14   2.23 0.801 7.93   7.91 0.980 2.98   3.09 0.829
Mississippi 3.41   3.08 0.391 1.89   1.70 0.535 6.32   7.41 0.156 3.06   2.45 0.210
Missouri 3.52   3.56 0.927 2.14   2.07 0.831 7.70   8.89 0.162 2.95   2.82 0.794
Montana 4.01   4.47 0.325 3.03   3.62 0.294 9.52   9.04 0.629 3.13   3.76 0.269
Nebraska 3.65   3.69 0.918 2.40   2.33 0.867 9.51   9.16 0.726 2.69   2.83 0.759
Nevada 3.65   3.40 0.542 2.38 1.77 0.087 8.26   7.82 0.651 3.08   2.92 0.734
New Hampshire 3.20   3.38 0.640 2.09   2.13 0.909 8.22   9.69 0.166 2.55   2.55 0.990
New Jersey 2.84   2.92 0.819 2.07   1.94 0.718 5.96   6.65 0.412 2.47   2.49 0.973
New Mexico 3.85   3.87 0.958 2.50   2.28 0.600 7.55   7.35 0.829 3.34   3.44 0.858
New York 3.12   3.21 0.743 1.93   1.80 0.546 6.67   7.27 0.257 2.69   2.70 0.974
North Carolina 3.42   3.05 0.319 1.96   1.93 0.930 6.77   6.38 0.581 3.05   2.66 0.369
North Dakota 3.96   3.51 0.277 2.70   2.45 0.533 9.41   8.58 0.398 2.99   2.56 0.391
Ohio 3.12   3.07 0.846 1.97   1.74 0.283 7.16   7.78 0.233 2.57   2.44 0.654
Oklahoma 3.41   3.09 0.427 2.32   1.95 0.358 7.73   6.55 0.173 2.72   2.59 0.781
Oregon 3.66   3.03 0.103 2.69   2.30 0.361 8.85   8.02 0.382 2.90   2.30 0.189
Pennsylvania 3.21   2.91 0.187 2.05   1.91 0.552 7.50   7.18 0.555 2.65   2.34 0.250
Rhode Island 3.72   3.90 0.661 2.08   2.03 0.904 8.51   8.33 0.854 3.06   3.33 0.602
South Carolina 3.42   3.18 0.555 2.17   1.79 0.325 6.40   6.77 0.654 3.06   2.75 0.523
South Dakota 3.95   3.55 0.324 2.96   2.34 0.193 9.00   8.01 0.276 3.08   2.85 0.629
Tennessee 2.88   2.85 0.942 1.82   1.69 0.726 5.89 7.56 0.053 2.51   2.23 0.515
Texas 3.16   3.44 0.262 1.95   1.77 0.457 6.72   7.44 0.166 2.64   2.91 0.379
Utah 3.58   3.66 0.832 2.10   2.03 0.850 5.72   5.89 0.808 3.25   3.34 0.850
Vermont 3.76   3.21 0.194 2.14   1.96 0.621 8.46   8.71 0.775 3.16   2.43 0.153
Virginia 3.31   3.21 0.784 2.04   2.07 0.925 7.58   7.54 0.962 2.77   2.64 0.781
Washington 3.48   3.36 0.774 1.85   1.97 0.732 7.49   6.80 0.460 3.00   2.96 0.937
West Virginia 3.08   2.83 0.467 2.45   2.06 0.300 8.45   8.74 0.774 2.30   2.01 0.459
Wisconsin 4.10 3.20 0.054 2.51   2.11 0.288 8.39   7.92 0.626 3.54 2.51 0.066
Wyoming 3.32   3.51 0.642 2.51   2.50 0.984 7.08   8.47 0.152 2.71   2.71 0.999
71003
Table C.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.92   2.83 0.164 5.01 4.65 0.011 8.37   8.14 0.172 1.68   1.66 0.789
Northeast 2.94   2.81 0.236 5.22 4.60 0.013 9.31   8.90 0.220 1.62   1.59 0.807
Midwest 2.84   2.74 0.227 4.83 4.37 0.023 8.08   7.77 0.213 1.63   1.61 0.913
South 2.90   2.86 0.684 4.82   4.67 0.400 8.09   8.00 0.707 1.72   1.73 0.952
West 3.02   2.89 0.320 5.29   4.91 0.180 8.36   8.13 0.491 1.71   1.65 0.654
                         
Alabama 3.00   2.78 0.469 5.02   3.98 0.156 8.41   7.63 0.412 1.77   1.78 0.985
Alaska 3.40   3.39 0.988 5.48   5.45 0.960 8.69   8.39 0.780 1.98   2.07 0.827
Arizona 2.85   2.81 0.898 6.64   5.35 0.101 7.46   7.10 0.684 1.47   1.69 0.515
Arkansas 3.24   3.32 0.824 5.75   6.77 0.233 9.86   9.38 0.651 1.72   1.80 0.825
California 3.02   2.90 0.552 5.26   4.78 0.315 8.21   8.06 0.776 1.74   1.67 0.758
Colorado 3.34   3.21 0.673 5.44   5.50 0.938 10.24   9.68 0.551 1.84   1.78 0.867
Connecticut 3.37   3.14 0.455 5.99   5.62 0.639 12.89   12.01 0.459 1.58   1.45 0.707
Delaware 3.11   3.10 0.971 5.13   4.80 0.608 9.38   9.68 0.795 1.77   1.75 0.971
District of Columbia 3.77   4.25 0.300 4.02   4.12 0.886 8.68   7.49 0.278 2.86   3.63 0.165
Florida 2.87   2.92 0.805 5.20   5.22 0.968 8.56   8.77 0.710 1.74   1.77 0.889
Georgia 2.71   2.91 0.536 4.09   4.34 0.717 6.94   8.14 0.213 1.74   1.77 0.937
Hawaii 2.68   2.37 0.361 4.38   3.98 0.597 6.60   6.60 0.997 1.86   1.51 0.378
Idaho 2.87   3.00 0.618 5.22   5.16 0.931 8.02   8.84 0.327 1.46   1.53 0.805
Illinois 2.82   2.83 0.973 4.17   4.27 0.801 7.74   7.69 0.924 1.75   1.76 0.990
Indiana 2.89   2.83 0.825 5.17   4.57 0.371 8.21   8.86 0.504 1.60   1.51 0.755
Iowa 2.30   2.10 0.468 4.05   3.94 0.860 6.24   5.42 0.372 1.36   1.25 0.742
Kansas 2.88   2.86 0.949 5.07   4.91 0.841 7.63   7.67 0.968 1.65   1.66 0.975
Kentucky 2.94   2.52 0.204 4.37   4.83 0.496 7.75   6.72 0.311 1.94   1.55 0.274
Louisiana 3.06   2.91 0.636 4.62   4.73 0.862 7.49   6.75 0.396 1.93   1.88 0.900
Maine 3.34   3.12 0.465 6.79   6.78 0.992 11.54   10.88 0.545 1.64   1.52 0.712
Maryland 2.72   2.63 0.755 4.66   4.60 0.921 7.69   7.18 0.584 1.64   1.62 0.935
Massachusetts 3.16   2.92 0.410 5.47   5.40 0.930 10.37   9.36 0.378 1.70   1.54 0.571
Michigan 3.12   2.88 0.209 4.82   4.16 0.117 9.63   8.94 0.225 1.74   1.65 0.693
Minnesota 2.81   2.61 0.466 4.44   4.58 0.826 8.45   7.53 0.339 1.56   1.45 0.695
Mississippi 2.91   3.07 0.603 4.28   4.19 0.890 7.35   7.87 0.540 1.82   1.99 0.645
Missouri 3.00   2.71 0.311 5.67   4.57 0.123 9.56   8.16 0.174 1.47   1.49 0.944
Montana 2.98   3.16 0.518 5.84   6.47 0.437 9.47   9.44 0.979 1.42   1.63 0.496
Nebraska 2.56   2.36 0.456 4.55   3.83 0.259 7.41   6.85 0.548 1.34   1.29 0.864
Nevada 2.62   2.67 0.875 4.44   4.54 0.887 6.70   7.33 0.483 1.73   1.68 0.894
New Hampshire 2.86   2.78 0.764 5.61   5.47 0.839 9.04   9.57 0.603 1.50   1.35 0.611
New Jersey 2.61   2.26 0.214 5.22   4.06 0.122 8.31   7.08 0.203 1.42   1.30 0.719
New Mexico 3.03   2.64 0.210 5.71   4.69 0.210 8.57   7.42 0.283 1.58   1.42 0.642
New York 3.03   3.12 0.708 5.23   4.54 0.110 8.81   9.00 0.753 1.79   1.93 0.583
North Carolina 2.99   3.04 0.876 5.01   4.83 0.794 8.16   8.85 0.497 1.85   1.85 0.997
North Dakota 2.36   2.24 0.665 4.56   4.04 0.444 6.00   6.03 0.974 1.32   1.21 0.670
Ohio 2.73   2.90 0.373 4.87   4.41 0.214 7.51   7.75 0.651 1.61   1.87 0.271
Oklahoma 3.00   2.82 0.560 5.87   5.18 0.422 7.85   7.00 0.330 1.68   1.71 0.923
Oregon 2.91   2.61 0.314 5.71   5.10 0.419 9.17   8.34 0.381 1.49   1.36 0.676
Pennsylvania 2.70   2.46 0.162 4.54   3.96 0.125 8.70   8.00 0.180 1.48   1.36 0.554
Rhode Island 3.58   3.68 0.770 6.32   5.67 0.460 12.30   13.18 0.457 1.66   1.69 0.925
South Carolina 2.96   2.98 0.949 4.58   4.56 0.983 7.57   7.92 0.698 1.93   1.92 0.974
South Dakota 2.54   2.32 0.384 5.47   4.58 0.195 6.69   6.45 0.783 1.31   1.21 0.725
Tennessee 3.15   3.04 0.730 5.05   4.91 0.836 9.42   9.66 0.808 1.86   1.72 0.687
Texas 2.80   2.75 0.785 4.76   4.12 0.115 7.99   7.32 0.203 1.47   1.64 0.439
Utah 3.51   3.05 0.140 5.24   4.65 0.375 8.30   7.23 0.243 1.87   1.64 0.453
Vermont 3.07   3.16 0.754 5.58   5.12 0.501 10.44   11.96 0.142 1.49   1.41 0.784
Virginia 2.76   2.56 0.490 4.48   4.81 0.615 7.84   7.83 0.995 1.69   1.40 0.368
Washington 3.05   2.95 0.770 4.15   4.86 0.323 8.97   9.05 0.941 1.88   1.67 0.563
West Virginia 2.88   2.90 0.950 5.62   4.95 0.318 9.91   10.46 0.621 1.47   1.51 0.885
Wisconsin 2.88   2.48 0.179 5.75 4.46 0.086 7.24   6.58 0.455 1.71   1.49 0.482
Wyoming 2.93   2.82 0.714 5.44   4.97 0.541 8.26   9.17 0.373 1.58   1.35 0.464
71003
Table C.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 1.98   1.95 0.666 2.80 2.59 0.040 5.70   5.64 0.667 1.21   1.22 0.891
Northeast 2.01   2.02 0.943 2.95 2.64 0.061 6.29   6.30 0.960 1.20   1.24 0.730
Midwest 1.91   1.90 0.904 2.57   2.48 0.542 5.39   5.36 0.865 1.19   1.20 0.913
South 1.92   1.92 0.999 2.62   2.48 0.296 5.30   5.40 0.617 1.23   1.24 0.893
West 2.11   2.01 0.302 3.17   2.83 0.131 6.16   5.75 0.179 1.22   1.20 0.889
                         
Alabama 1.98   1.97 0.993 3.09   2.33 0.137 5.65   5.46 0.787 1.17   1.32 0.575
Alaska 2.39   2.51 0.680 3.06   3.43 0.474 6.43   6.24 0.816 1.48   1.63 0.655
Arizona 1.84   1.89 0.840 3.69   3.22 0.430 5.07   5.06 0.990 0.99   1.14 0.565
Arkansas 2.24   2.18 0.816 3.40   3.27 0.826 6.54   6.30 0.771 1.31   1.32 0.982
California 2.12   2.02 0.510 3.28   2.74 0.121 6.23   5.69 0.255 1.20   1.23 0.896
Colorado 2.39   2.25 0.556 3.33   2.83 0.354 7.34   7.13 0.790 1.40   1.32 0.801
Connecticut 2.34   2.32 0.938 3.45   3.45 1.000 8.83   9.22 0.675 1.20   1.11 0.706
Delaware 2.16   2.11 0.824 2.73   2.44 0.512 7.13   6.70 0.615 1.23   1.29 0.825
District of Columbia 2.77   3.33 0.186 1.93   1.70 0.601 6.01   5.18 0.332 2.27 3.13 0.094
Florida 1.84   1.90 0.673 2.49   2.46 0.916 5.61   5.98 0.411 1.20   1.22 0.874
Georgia 1.87   1.89 0.930 2.37   2.39 0.958 4.87   5.66 0.294 1.25   1.15 0.696
Hawaii 1.81   1.48 0.190 2.26   2.07 0.706 5.09   4.33 0.293 1.24   0.97 0.347
Idaho 1.80   1.87 0.744 2.73   2.67 0.903 5.02   5.45 0.473 1.01   1.05 0.863
Illinois 1.91   1.98 0.671 2.19   2.54 0.238 5.10   5.26 0.710 1.31   1.32 0.944
Indiana 2.00   1.97 0.873 2.96   2.91 0.927 5.84   6.38 0.481 1.16   1.04 0.588
Iowa 1.51   1.45 0.800 2.44   2.55 0.811 3.69   3.48 0.737 0.99   0.94 0.843
Kansas 1.94   1.97 0.891 2.38   2.56 0.709 5.33   5.47 0.855 1.22   1.22 0.999
Kentucky 2.07   1.88 0.496 2.76   3.18 0.412 5.23   5.08 0.854 1.44   1.19 0.410
Louisiana 2.07   2.02 0.838 2.43   2.42 0.983 4.85   4.51 0.601 1.46   1.47 0.976
Maine 2.18   2.09 0.697 3.72   3.25 0.382 7.65   7.64 0.991 1.14   1.12 0.924
Maryland 1.92   1.86 0.806 2.55   2.52 0.934 5.57   4.94 0.413 1.23   1.27 0.890
Massachusetts 2.21   2.19 0.936 2.82   2.91 0.874 7.30   7.32 0.983 1.31   1.25 0.810
Michigan 2.19   2.06 0.413 2.61   2.32 0.301 7.06   6.31 0.111 1.27   1.28 0.957
Minnesota 1.84   1.76 0.677 2.25   2.52 0.563 5.83   5.22 0.433 1.06   1.03 0.874
Mississippi 2.00   2.00 0.999 2.49   2.28 0.608 5.47   5.78 0.644 1.24   1.23 0.982
Missouri 1.83   1.68 0.475 2.95   2.65 0.545 5.19   4.66 0.449 1.08   1.02 0.815
Montana 1.94   2.08 0.518 2.88   3.19 0.540 5.99   6.47 0.535 1.08   1.16 0.735
Nebraska 1.87   1.78 0.670 2.73   2.25 0.262 5.40   5.40 0.999 1.06   1.02 0.851
Nevada 1.85   1.83 0.933 2.36   2.42 0.908 4.94   5.62 0.382 1.28   1.15 0.636
New Hampshire 1.88   1.83 0.816 3.08   3.18 0.839 5.60   6.36 0.369 1.12   0.93 0.418
New Jersey 1.78   1.70 0.710 3.02   2.60 0.402 5.73   5.31 0.575 1.03   1.04 0.954
New Mexico 2.10   1.80 0.229 3.44   2.62 0.184 6.18   5.40 0.369 1.12   1.00 0.622
New York 2.10   2.21 0.569 3.11 2.60 0.093 5.98   5.98 0.997 1.33   1.51 0.403
North Carolina 1.94   2.02 0.737 2.66   2.47 0.680 4.80   5.56 0.326 1.36   1.39 0.934
North Dakota 1.62   1.61 0.930 2.47   2.40 0.886 4.01   4.19 0.780 1.02   0.95 0.765
Ohio 1.85   2.02 0.295 2.66   2.26 0.130 4.99   5.51 0.245 1.20   1.39 0.326
Oklahoma 2.08   2.09 0.973 3.27   3.08 0.738 5.56   5.29 0.704 1.24   1.35 0.719
Oregon 2.05   1.81 0.261 3.11   3.16 0.926 6.45   5.69 0.281 1.17   1.01 0.499
Pennsylvania 1.78   1.74 0.762 2.46   2.20 0.336 5.60   5.64 0.921 1.06   1.04 0.876
Rhode Island 2.48   2.42 0.827 3.02   2.86 0.759 8.40   8.76 0.705 1.34   1.21 0.656
South Carolina 1.85   1.86 0.937 2.36   2.42 0.903 4.73   4.50 0.729 1.27   1.34 0.784
South Dakota 1.67   1.45 0.302 3.12   2.62 0.329 3.95   3.92 0.961 1.01   0.82 0.421
Tennessee 2.09   2.05 0.888 3.03   3.03 0.991 5.51   5.92 0.590 1.39   1.29 0.721
Texas 1.81   1.81 0.994 2.62   2.21 0.158 5.03   4.80 0.585 1.04   1.16 0.507
Utah 2.33   2.11 0.327 2.95   2.58 0.410 5.63   5.22 0.579 1.31   1.19 0.592
Vermont 2.23   2.29 0.813 3.00   2.96 0.939 7.83   8.86 0.248 1.18   1.08 0.700
Virginia 1.89   1.81 0.726 2.28   2.51 0.593 5.55   5.83 0.726 1.23   1.06 0.484
Washington 2.31   2.17 0.615 2.62   3.21 0.243 6.93   6.39 0.544 1.47   1.32 0.636
West Virginia 1.86   1.87 0.984 2.85   2.15 0.127 6.45   7.43 0.259 1.03   0.98 0.847
Wisconsin 1.78   1.75 0.900 2.65   2.42 0.623 4.57   4.63 0.936 1.16   1.15 0.973
Wyoming 1.94   1.91 0.879 2.95   2.66 0.591 5.40   6.27 0.231 1.15   0.99 0.529
71003
Table C.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 9.25   9.16 0.518 8.44 8.04 0.020 21.50   21.55 0.862 7.20   7.15 0.751
Northeast 8.94   8.72 0.360 8.49   8.03 0.157 22.57   22.21 0.499 6.79   6.61 0.516
Midwest 9.77   9.69 0.660 8.76 8.25 0.044 23.57   23.80 0.580 7.43   7.36 0.783
South 8.84   8.74 0.625 7.91   7.73 0.469 19.68   19.81 0.744 7.06   6.97 0.703
West 9.62   9.67 0.855 8.89 8.32 0.099 21.46   21.53 0.902 7.57   7.70 0.693
                         
Alabama 7.96   7.84 0.848 7.92   7.09 0.317 17.29   16.82 0.725 6.31   6.38 0.916
Alaska 9.79   9.87 0.910 9.00   8.96 0.968 20.70   21.01 0.841 7.80   7.87 0.927
Arizona 10.31   9.73 0.432 10.51 8.80 0.080 20.95   20.01 0.543 8.36   8.04 0.719
Arkansas 8.49 9.84 0.043 8.87 11.28 0.024 20.68   22.75 0.201 6.25   7.40 0.143
California 9.31   9.70 0.348 8.56   7.77 0.141 20.74   21.40 0.434 7.35   7.82 0.361
Colorado 10.98   10.88 0.897 10.22   9.95 0.802 25.26   25.39 0.944 8.57   8.48 0.924
Connecticut 10.28   10.09 0.799 9.85   9.06 0.442 27.62   28.64 0.583 7.69   7.38 0.721
Delaware 8.75   8.49 0.691 8.09   7.88 0.786 23.64   21.05 0.101 6.26   6.42 0.833
District of Columbia 11.55   12.30 0.387 6.28   6.71 0.626 21.94   23.05 0.529 10.18   10.78 0.560
Florida 9.47   9.07 0.333 8.76   8.38 0.469 21.32   21.07 0.780 7.78   7.35 0.387
Georgia 7.70   8.42 0.287 6.62   7.06 0.612 16.22   18.56 0.105 6.30   6.81 0.523
Hawaii 8.00   8.34 0.633 7.23   7.20 0.971 20.73   20.36 0.809 6.14   6.64 0.549
Idaho 9.09   9.55 0.480 9.27   9.69 0.679 19.38   21.22 0.193 6.96   7.22 0.729
Illinois 9.69   9.03 0.122 7.72   7.78 0.906 23.62   22.82 0.387 7.49   6.74 0.157
Indiana 9.30   9.02 0.681 8.46   7.31 0.196 21.68   23.35 0.273 7.15   6.69 0.552
Iowa 9.59   10.00 0.559 9.37   10.13 0.453 24.83   23.56 0.443 6.80   7.50 0.397
Kansas 10.17   9.95 0.754 10.03   9.44 0.594 23.93   22.84 0.538 7.51   7.56 0.948
Kentucky 8.56   7.71 0.215 8.23   8.73 0.587 17.64   17.68 0.979 7.06   5.95 0.179
Louisiana 9.50   9.16 0.620 7.68   7.61 0.933 18.25   17.67 0.666 7.99   7.70 0.731
Maine 9.41   9.79 0.621 11.07   10.51 0.584 22.87   24.09 0.426 7.12   7.55 0.623
Maryland 8.32   8.16 0.795 7.74   7.43 0.700 18.99   20.09 0.450 6.67   6.30 0.621
Massachusetts 9.75   9.99 0.713 8.44   9.01 0.567 23.79   23.81 0.987 7.64   7.82 0.811
Michigan 9.66   9.83 0.675 8.10   7.44 0.196 23.90   24.78 0.293 7.39   7.57 0.714
Minnesota 10.15   10.65 0.500 8.59   9.49 0.343 23.09   23.90 0.615 8.00   8.40 0.654
Mississippi 8.02   8.00 0.973 7.10   7.05 0.942 17.51   17.89 0.785 6.27   6.24 0.969
Missouri 10.14   9.91 0.756 9.80   8.67 0.235 24.62   25.45 0.586 7.59   7.33 0.774
Montana 11.11   12.25 0.127 11.73 13.85 0.081 28.44   29.49 0.518 7.87   8.99 0.228
Nebraska 10.45   10.56 0.876 9.38   8.72 0.462 26.12   26.18 0.975 7.55   7.81 0.750
Nevada 9.67   9.54 0.858 8.35   8.85 0.610 22.99   21.75 0.427 7.71   7.70 0.991
New Hampshire 9.47   9.52 0.938 9.38   9.58 0.842 24.97   25.94 0.563 7.00   6.91 0.919
New Jersey 7.92   7.47 0.483 8.47   7.27 0.184 20.49   19.65 0.595 5.97   5.67 0.683
New Mexico 10.09   9.58 0.485 9.69   9.01 0.548 22.50   21.58 0.566 7.78   7.37 0.644
New York 8.70   8.68 0.965 8.27   7.94 0.526 21.47   21.28 0.826 6.63   6.63 0.996
North Carolina 8.63   8.45 0.782 8.06   7.83 0.792 18.20   18.87 0.620 7.11   6.84 0.718
North Dakota 10.86   10.44 0.524 10.51   10.38 0.897 26.21   25.08 0.473 7.73   7.32 0.598
Ohio 8.82 9.56 0.057 8.14   8.07 0.877 21.52   22.39 0.316 6.70 7.56 0.074
Oklahoma 9.36   8.82 0.415 9.57   8.05 0.139 22.19   19.98 0.140 6.85   6.81 0.959
Oregon 9.15   8.22 0.148 9.39   8.76 0.490 21.59   20.13 0.304 7.01   6.19 0.275
Pennsylvania 8.91 8.14 0.039 7.94   7.37 0.265 22.90   21.52 0.113 6.73   6.04 0.127
Rhode Island 10.27   10.96 0.365 9.81   8.70 0.261 25.68   26.42 0.658 7.55   8.42 0.344
South Carolina 9.23   8.99 0.723 7.48   7.61 0.878 17.53   19.29 0.239 8.00   7.39 0.453
South Dakota 10.37   10.98 0.353 10.99   9.37 0.126 24.82   25.61 0.631 7.41   8.38 0.227
Tennessee 8.40   8.62 0.738 7.66   7.99 0.707 20.06   22.55 0.107 6.54   6.41 0.863
Texas 9.20   9.22 0.951 7.74   7.22 0.318 20.72   19.83 0.271 7.14   7.44 0.551
Utah 9.47   8.94 0.398 8.07   7.41 0.464 18.96   18.45 0.694 7.09   6.62 0.548
Vermont 10.34   10.36 0.976 9.54   9.23 0.734 26.18   27.98 0.292 7.73   7.50 0.774
Virginia 8.75   8.38 0.548 7.48   7.53 0.950 21.89   20.69 0.425 6.74   6.46 0.705
Washington 9.99   9.55 0.534 7.96   8.63 0.487 23.11   21.93 0.454 7.99   7.57 0.618
West Virginia 8.36   7.91 0.500 9.05   7.90 0.176 22.35   21.72 0.676 6.09   5.80 0.721
Wisconsin 11.42 9.95 0.067 11.50 8.71 0.009 26.15   25.24 0.609 8.76   7.40 0.154
Wyoming 11.03   10.73 0.693 10.93   9.96 0.371 23.91   26.07 0.218 8.57   7.96 0.481
71003
Table C.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.67 2.54 0.058 4.69 4.32 0.005 7.74   7.49 0.126 1.50   1.44 0.464
Northeast 2.60   2.47 0.190 4.86 4.29 0.013 8.54   8.11 0.188 1.35   1.32 0.795
Midwest 2.54   2.42 0.154 4.48 4.06 0.020 7.40   7.08 0.174 1.40   1.36 0.729
South 2.64   2.57 0.371 4.51   4.38 0.473 7.46   7.31 0.561 1.54   1.50 0.676
West 2.89   2.69 0.115 5.05 4.49 0.036 7.92   7.69 0.501 1.65   1.52 0.370
                         
Alabama 2.47   2.25 0.394 4.58   3.63 0.164 7.11   6.38 0.415 1.36   1.35 0.961
Alaska 3.47   3.07 0.272 4.76   4.48 0.654 7.84   7.48 0.719 2.38   1.97 0.344
Arizona 2.67   2.53 0.610 6.30 4.99 0.073 6.95   6.66 0.731 1.37   1.45 0.792
Arkansas 2.96   3.01 0.849 5.39   6.28 0.281 9.23   8.50 0.456 1.51   1.63 0.712
California 2.92   2.73 0.314 5.13 4.37 0.075 7.96   7.74 0.685 1.67   1.55 0.621
Colorado 3.14   2.87 0.326 5.15   5.19 0.967 9.88   9.10 0.419 1.68   1.48 0.502
Connecticut 3.05   2.80 0.356 5.39   5.23 0.818 12.27   10.78 0.183 1.33   1.25 0.775
Delaware 2.78   2.83 0.857 4.78   4.61 0.775 8.64   8.81 0.868 1.52   1.58 0.820
District of Columbia 3.15   3.25 0.770 3.68   3.84 0.801 8.30   7.05 0.218 2.18   2.46 0.458
Florida 2.69   2.63 0.740 4.96   4.89 0.852 8.08   8.01 0.884 1.61   1.56 0.810
Georgia 2.43   2.66 0.433 3.80   4.01 0.738 6.33   7.45 0.239 1.52   1.61 0.762
Hawaii 2.44   2.39 0.877 4.19   3.53 0.348 6.10   6.33 0.780 1.65   1.64 0.974
Idaho 2.65   2.78 0.586 4.61   4.78 0.801 7.46   8.41 0.247 1.37   1.37 0.976
Illinois 2.54   2.46 0.617 3.94   4.05 0.761 7.40   7.05 0.510 1.49   1.42 0.720
Indiana 2.59   2.56 0.892 4.92   4.32 0.352 7.47   7.99 0.559 1.37   1.34 0.887
Iowa 2.07   2.00 0.779 3.63   3.58 0.939 5.83   5.32 0.550 1.18   1.19 0.986
Kansas 2.43   2.37 0.797 4.53   4.31 0.756 7.01   6.52 0.574 1.24   1.31 0.767
Kentucky 2.82 2.34 0.100 4.10   4.39 0.648 7.08   6.30 0.396 1.93   1.43 0.124
Louisiana 2.97   2.74 0.464 4.35   4.41 0.919 7.02   6.49 0.519 1.94   1.76 0.600
Maine 3.10   3.01 0.769 6.51   6.33 0.824 10.49   10.18 0.754 1.53   1.54 0.985
Maryland 2.39   2.29 0.689 4.36   4.21 0.794 6.71   6.49 0.801 1.41   1.33 0.779
Massachusetts 2.79   2.63 0.537 5.27   5.13 0.862 9.29   8.66 0.554 1.43   1.33 0.653
Michigan 2.75   2.59 0.310 4.51   3.97 0.167 8.76   8.14 0.258 1.45   1.43 0.909
Minnesota 2.43   2.34 0.736 4.07   4.19 0.844 7.57   6.87 0.432 1.27   1.27 0.975
Mississippi 2.68   2.81 0.669 3.96   3.85 0.868 6.73   7.20 0.560 1.69   1.81 0.711
Missouri 2.84   2.45 0.134 5.21 4.08 0.072 8.69   7.23 0.107 1.47   1.39 0.771
Montana 2.64   2.86 0.408 5.39   6.04 0.379 8.40   8.43 0.973 1.24   1.46 0.377
Nebraska 2.26   2.18 0.767 4.07   3.46 0.314 6.58   6.33 0.763 1.17   1.21 0.855
Nevada 2.50   2.37 0.668 4.23   4.17 0.935 6.31   6.49 0.823 1.65   1.48 0.589
New Hampshire 2.50   2.53 0.892 5.46   5.19 0.690 8.43   9.19 0.420 1.15   1.13 0.918
New Jersey 2.25   1.92 0.176 4.90 3.62 0.056 7.62   6.45 0.219 1.09   1.01 0.732
New Mexico 2.87   2.44 0.136 5.38   4.30 0.142 8.29   6.96 0.183 1.47   1.31 0.576
New York 2.65   2.70 0.798 4.78   4.18 0.117 8.33   8.38 0.933 1.44   1.54 0.592
North Carolina 2.80   2.69 0.703 4.68   4.56 0.850 7.31   7.75 0.624 1.79   1.62 0.575
North Dakota 2.04   2.02 0.921 4.16   3.54 0.314 5.69   5.73 0.959 1.02   1.03 0.957
Ohio 2.40   2.48 0.641 4.47   4.12 0.312 6.62   6.99 0.480 1.39   1.48 0.620
Oklahoma 2.83   2.67 0.563 5.36   4.73 0.455 7.48   6.57 0.260 1.59   1.65 0.863
Oregon 2.75   2.43 0.248 5.06   4.46 0.407 8.19   7.57 0.475 1.53   1.32 0.482
Pennsylvania 2.42   2.19 0.121 4.26   3.83 0.245 7.57   6.98 0.240 1.34   1.19 0.376
Rhode Island 3.25   3.25 0.995 6.02   5.20 0.313 11.42   11.81 0.725 1.42   1.44 0.947
South Carolina 2.75   2.72 0.912 4.34   4.35 0.987 7.05   7.55 0.588 1.77   1.66 0.722
South Dakota 2.22   2.18 0.868 4.83   4.08 0.226 6.28   6.25 0.965 1.04   1.13 0.693
Tennessee 2.95   2.78 0.500 4.77   4.61 0.808 9.05   9.04 0.993 1.70   1.52 0.520
Texas 2.56   2.46 0.538 4.46   4.04 0.245 7.45   6.77 0.211 1.30   1.37 0.717
Utah 3.17   2.85 0.229 4.53   4.13 0.532 7.18   6.76 0.598 1.82   1.56 0.366
Vermont 2.72   2.88 0.509 5.20   4.65 0.386 9.44   10.35 0.358 1.25   1.39 0.586
Virginia 2.24   2.24 0.993 3.99   4.28 0.619 6.85   6.92 0.938 1.24   1.20 0.862
Washington 2.99   2.80 0.532 3.94   4.51 0.370 8.24   8.60 0.719 1.96   1.60 0.274
West Virginia 2.61   2.69 0.755 5.04   4.57 0.418 9.36   9.72 0.728 1.27   1.41 0.614
Wisconsin 2.64 2.16 0.075 5.35 4.02 0.052 6.78   6.29 0.558 1.53   1.18 0.214
Wyoming 2.56   2.43 0.615 4.85   4.54 0.653 7.46   7.90 0.644 1.32   1.13 0.451
71003
Table C.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.35   7.30 0.633 5.51 5.22 0.041 16.92   17.03 0.699 5.93   5.88 0.752
Northeast 6.94   6.78 0.444 5.38   5.25 0.606 17.41   17.10 0.535 5.45   5.29 0.528
Midwest 7.95   7.82 0.452 5.99 5.57 0.053 19.29   19.43 0.735 6.19   6.06 0.550
South 6.94   6.95 0.990 5.00   4.78 0.249 14.97   15.27 0.426 5.80   5.80 0.989
West 7.75   7.77 0.926 5.92   5.51 0.159 17.21   17.35 0.791 6.29   6.35 0.848
                         
Alabama 6.10   6.10 0.994 5.14   4.86 0.661 11.93   11.95 0.989 5.20   5.25 0.936
Alaska 7.20   7.27 0.898 5.72   5.67 0.946 15.68   16.09 0.761 5.81   5.85 0.955
Arizona 8.58   7.72 0.181 6.83 5.49 0.072 17.76   16.32 0.311 7.17   6.51 0.385
Arkansas 6.14 7.30 0.043 4.80   6.16 0.106 14.27   16.22 0.160 4.86   5.90 0.132
California 7.55   7.92 0.326 5.63   5.15 0.266 16.69   17.41 0.384 6.17   6.57 0.400
Colorado 8.86   8.56 0.689 7.38   6.72 0.429 20.10   20.33 0.880 7.09   6.77 0.717
Connecticut 8.03   7.90 0.855 5.88   5.56 0.698 20.47   21.39 0.572 6.41   6.13 0.723
Delaware 6.63   6.33 0.587 4.90   4.88 0.975 17.96 15.35 0.059 4.89   4.97 0.897
District of Columbia 9.28   9.41 0.871 4.02   3.51 0.417 18.26   19.25 0.517 8.16   8.09 0.943
Florida 7.68   7.28 0.251 5.43   4.93 0.258 16.46   16.29 0.825 6.64   6.21 0.301
Georgia 5.71   6.56 0.157 4.07   4.29 0.713 11.79   13.64 0.156 4.82   5.62 0.264
Hawaii 6.46   6.82 0.573 5.24   4.43 0.277 17.10   17.33 0.883 4.98   5.51 0.469
Idaho 7.54   7.92 0.489 6.79   7.00 0.814 15.80   17.96 0.108 5.96   6.09 0.843
Illinois 8.15 7.24 0.013 5.55   5.28 0.542 19.71 18.19 0.088 6.45 5.55 0.043
Indiana 7.52   7.31 0.723 5.77   4.76 0.138 17.08   18.09 0.486 6.02   5.73 0.670
Iowa 8.40   8.62 0.733 6.82   7.88 0.256 22.69   21.15 0.357 5.96   6.43 0.546
Kansas 8.32   8.03 0.656 7.15   6.92 0.802 20.21   19.18 0.529 6.17   6.05 0.876
Kentucky 6.60   6.08 0.346 5.97   5.74 0.740 13.96   14.33 0.764 5.43   4.77 0.319
Louisiana 7.45   6.93 0.423 4.98   4.16 0.231 13.92   13.45 0.696 6.51   6.05 0.553
Maine 7.11   7.23 0.855 6.52   5.92 0.446 16.10   16.94 0.535 5.79   5.93 0.850
Maryland 6.48   6.68 0.731 4.98   5.01 0.963 14.78   15.97 0.401 5.34   5.38 0.954
Massachusetts 7.60   7.88 0.651 5.23   5.40 0.817 18.81   19.05 0.873 6.07   6.33 0.726
Michigan 7.41   7.89 0.201 5.31   4.97 0.391 18.09 19.78 0.033 5.84   6.24 0.378
Minnesota 8.31   8.86 0.416 5.87   6.24 0.649 18.59   20.34 0.267 6.76   7.13 0.647
Mississippi 6.28   6.14 0.806 4.38   4.39 0.986 12.89   13.39 0.680 5.24   5.00 0.728
Missouri 8.26   8.20 0.912 6.78   6.03 0.339 19.65   20.97 0.327 6.42   6.23 0.799
Montana 9.03   10.02 0.137 8.11 10.04 0.079 23.26   24.78 0.344 6.55   7.40 0.305
Nebraska 8.97   9.06 0.887 7.19   6.47 0.404 22.36   22.35 0.993 6.60   6.86 0.747
Nevada 8.05   7.78 0.682 6.06   6.27 0.806 19.21 16.75 0.090 6.53   6.56 0.971
New Hampshire 7.55   7.68 0.835 5.92   6.17 0.755 20.18   20.86 0.645 5.74   5.79 0.950
New Jersey 6.25   5.94 0.594 5.58   5.37 0.781 15.10   15.02 0.952 5.01   4.65 0.598
New Mexico 7.90   7.57 0.628 6.46   6.12 0.698 18.28   16.99 0.395 6.13   5.99 0.856
New York 6.52   6.56 0.920 5.12   5.15 0.934 16.38   16.11 0.728 5.06   5.11 0.913
North Carolina 6.46   6.26 0.710 5.11   4.70 0.507 13.94   13.84 0.931 5.39   5.23 0.803
North Dakota 9.49   9.04 0.486 7.96   7.46 0.576 24.00   23.01 0.523 6.69   6.27 0.584
Ohio 6.87   7.31 0.197 5.06   5.14 0.842 17.16   17.91 0.344 5.33   5.78 0.267
Oklahoma 7.42   7.04 0.534 5.97   4.73 0.104 17.52   15.97 0.264 5.66   5.66 0.994
Oregon 7.46   6.60 0.145 5.85   6.01 0.841 17.52   16.09 0.285 5.95   5.11 0.226
Pennsylvania 7.19 6.48 0.036 5.32   4.95 0.347 18.43 17.09 0.089 5.58   4.93 0.118
Rhode Island 7.78   8.23 0.531 5.76   5.11 0.401 19.13   18.44 0.652 5.99   6.76 0.365
South Carolina 7.35   7.09 0.675 4.26   4.44 0.773 12.96   14.34 0.280 6.77   6.20 0.432
South Dakota 8.70   9.46 0.234 7.77   6.28 0.110 20.98   22.46 0.323 6.40   7.39 0.204
Tennessee 6.42   6.44 0.977 4.63   4.52 0.865 14.24   16.09 0.154 5.34   5.10 0.738
Texas 7.44   7.71 0.473 5.01   4.75 0.536 16.01   15.96 0.948 6.12   6.54 0.373
Utah 6.90   6.82 0.895 4.76   4.66 0.891 14.04   14.81 0.526 5.30   5.04 0.718
Vermont 8.39   8.33 0.916 6.27   6.20 0.925 21.45   21.99 0.712 6.43   6.26 0.821
Virginia 6.94   6.87 0.906 4.79   4.90 0.857 17.40   16.98 0.771 5.49   5.46 0.967
Washington 7.71   7.33 0.546 5.55   5.57 0.983 17.32   16.79 0.696 6.33   5.96 0.616
West Virginia 6.62   6.17 0.422 6.20   5.29 0.156 16.97   16.41 0.673 5.04   4.70 0.612
Wisconsin 9.55 8.00 0.029 7.90 5.72 0.006 23.11   20.98 0.218 7.33   6.00 0.111
Wyoming 9.00   8.67 0.613 7.42   6.94 0.577 20.20   20.50 0.845 7.07   6.68 0.615
71003
Table C.23 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Serious psychological distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 State reports, the 2002-2004 substate report, and the 2004 and earlier national results reports. For details, see Section A.8 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 11.63 11.29 0.077 19.39 18.14 0.000 10.27   10.10 0.436
Northeast 11.22   10.83 0.217 19.81 18.00 0.000 9.84   9.66 0.621
Midwest 12.00   11.80 0.429 19.74 18.66 0.003 10.61   10.57 0.893
South 11.76   11.48 0.303 18.64 17.56 0.003 10.55   10.43 0.694
West 11.40   10.87 0.152 19.89 18.63 0.008 9.85   9.46 0.357
                   
Alabama 10.61   11.24 0.446 17.05   17.20 0.909 9.47   10.21 0.436
Alaska 11.93   11.34 0.531 18.29   17.87 0.756 10.68   10.08 0.576
Arizona 11.65   11.66 0.984 20.45 17.47 0.037 10.06   10.63 0.579
Arkansas 12.84   13.30 0.615 21.69   20.15 0.242 11.26   12.10 0.419
California 10.69   10.23 0.395 18.94   18.19 0.314 9.19   8.75 0.485
Colorado 11.40   11.32 0.926 19.00   18.07 0.498 10.06   10.15 0.929
Connecticut 11.46   10.61 0.308 21.04   19.86 0.431 10.00   9.18 0.381
Delaware 11.60   10.66 0.255 19.50 17.08 0.082 10.24   9.57 0.475
District of Columbia 12.12   11.23 0.318 17.27   18.21 0.512 11.20   9.88 0.199
Florida 11.12   10.30 0.116 16.93   16.37 0.448 10.25   9.39 0.144
Georgia 11.51   11.81 0.761 18.02   18.34 0.824 10.32   10.65 0.773
Hawaii 9.81   8.84 0.243 19.76   19.18 0.682 8.28   7.26 0.271
Idaho 11.98   12.01 0.967 20.90   19.50 0.284 10.15   10.54 0.675
Illinois 11.01   10.32 0.188 17.15   16.61 0.476 9.92   9.20 0.230
Indiana 12.52   12.73 0.826 19.89   19.42 0.714 11.17   11.52 0.747
Iowa 11.75   11.34 0.639 17.41   17.20 0.885 10.71   10.27 0.664
Kansas 13.64   13.76 0.899 19.76   18.67 0.459 12.45   12.82 0.731
Kentucky 14.68   13.43 0.209 19.54   18.26 0.318 13.85   12.64 0.276
Louisiana 12.21   12.52 0.734 19.17 16.27 0.028 10.80   11.78 0.348
Maine 11.84   12.15 0.741 21.42   20.25 0.389 10.35   10.93 0.579
Maryland 10.43   9.99 0.592 18.32   17.99 0.808 9.14   8.67 0.613
Massachusetts 10.92   10.71 0.799 22.42 19.31 0.018 9.06   9.29 0.796
Michigan 11.11   11.65 0.299 20.41 18.96 0.064 9.48   10.38 0.130
Minnesota 11.41   11.26 0.839 19.61   18.94 0.607 9.92   9.86 0.949
Mississippi 12.04   12.40 0.719 19.49   18.45 0.448 10.56   11.24 0.547
Missouri 14.06   13.81 0.792 21.33   20.34 0.465 12.76   12.65 0.925
Montana 12.46   12.45 0.988 19.90   19.62 0.836 11.11   11.18 0.944
Nebraska 11.24 12.86 0.089 18.53   17.69 0.528 9.82 11.93 0.054
Nevada 12.00   11.78 0.820 20.01   18.87 0.429 10.71   10.66 0.963
New Hampshire 11.56   11.20 0.678 21.77   20.16 0.255 9.93   9.78 0.880
New Jersey 10.31   10.06 0.784 19.73 16.84 0.043 8.91   9.04 0.891
New Mexico 12.75   12.21 0.555 18.95   17.95 0.439 11.57   11.12 0.664
New York 11.46   10.87 0.277 19.27 16.95 0.005 10.16   9.83 0.594
North Carolina 11.93   11.58 0.714 19.24   17.31 0.133 10.71   10.64 0.949
North Dakota 11.82   11.58 0.767 21.04 18.44 0.054 9.91   10.12 0.828
Ohio 12.81 11.94 0.094 22.70 20.32 0.003 11.09   10.50 0.315
Oklahoma 13.26   13.31 0.960 22.67 19.31 0.024 11.44   12.17 0.506
Oregon 12.30   11.24 0.223 22.13   20.77 0.349 10.63   9.66 0.313
Pennsylvania 11.21   10.94 0.608 18.43   18.28 0.849 10.02   9.73 0.629
Rhode Island 14.21   13.47 0.457 21.12   20.99 0.934 12.96   12.10 0.449
South Carolina 12.91   12.31 0.521 19.18   17.88 0.314 11.80   11.35 0.664
South Dakota 11.16   10.73 0.597 18.24   16.55 0.181 9.75   9.61 0.876
Tennessee 12.43   13.32 0.340 20.03   19.66 0.796 11.15   12.28 0.289
Texas 11.43   10.96 0.373 17.46 16.19 0.094 10.24   9.94 0.619
Utah 14.58   14.40 0.835 22.66   21.46 0.429 12.34   12.48 0.894
Vermont 11.50   12.41 0.302 22.00   22.55 0.688 9.70   10.68 0.324
Virginia 10.77   10.56 0.805 20.86   19.88 0.481 9.10   9.03 0.943
Washington 12.59 10.83 0.050 22.77 19.63 0.019 10.83   9.33 0.141
West Virginia 15.29   14.04 0.243 21.88   19.85 0.129 14.25   13.15 0.366
Wisconsin 11.77   11.60 0.830 18.55   18.16 0.765 10.55   10.44 0.898
Wyoming 13.33   13.22 0.903 21.38   20.09 0.356 11.79   11.93 0.885
71003
Table C.24 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value 2004-2005 2005-2006 p value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2005-2006 estimate and the 2004-2005 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004, 2005, and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.65 7.25 0.047 8.88 8.36 0.002 9.93 9.36 0.011 7.25   6.88 0.126
Northeast 7.51   7.06 0.179 9.04 7.97 0.001 10.06 9.27 0.053 7.09   6.70 0.299
Midwest 7.98   7.77 0.422 8.69   8.30 0.115 10.21   9.75 0.163 7.58   7.41 0.592
South 7.49   7.26 0.387 8.70   8.53 0.490 9.47   9.19 0.379 7.15   6.93 0.482
West 7.68 6.89 0.023 9.19 8.43 0.026 10.28 9.32 0.025 7.21 6.45 0.064
                         
Alabama 7.39   7.20 0.830 8.88   7.55 0.109 9.54   8.85 0.551 7.00   6.91 0.926
Alaska 7.22   6.82 0.638 9.22   8.72 0.577 11.18 8.43 0.021 6.45   6.52 0.945
Arizona 7.38   7.20 0.835 9.43   8.67 0.417 9.76   8.93 0.462 6.95   6.90 0.957
Arkansas 8.39   9.20 0.409 8.68   8.41 0.738 9.70   11.30 0.190 8.15   8.84 0.544
California 6.88   6.14 0.144 8.82   8.10 0.162 9.21   8.57 0.315 6.45   5.69 0.196
Colorado 9.42   8.21 0.204 9.73   9.73 0.993 11.47   10.51 0.419 9.06   7.81 0.244
Connecticut 9.17 6.59 0.009 10.15 8.32 0.030 11.75   9.59 0.115 8.77 6.12 0.015
Delaware 7.55   7.64 0.915 8.87   9.01 0.881 9.69   9.12 0.593 7.18   7.39 0.827
District of Columbia 9.01   8.26 0.454 7.95   7.52 0.632 10.27   9.49 0.531 8.79   8.02 0.508
Florida 6.98   6.36 0.197 8.89   8.91 0.961 8.72   8.36 0.599 6.72   6.05 0.221
Georgia 7.96   7.15 0.360 7.71   8.26 0.520 8.37   8.48 0.910 7.88   6.91 0.340
Hawaii 6.74 5.02 0.047 8.78   8.62 0.874 8.71   7.49 0.242 6.43 4.64 0.066
Idaho 8.47   8.16 0.725 10.37   9.37 0.328 12.48   11.22 0.277 7.66   7.55 0.923
Illinois 7.13   6.52 0.225 8.29   7.58 0.154 9.24   8.51 0.269 6.75   6.17 0.307
Indiana 8.90   8.67 0.789 8.80   8.01 0.341 10.08   10.21 0.904 8.68   8.39 0.768
Iowa 7.35   6.99 0.670 8.01   8.29 0.743 9.01   9.08 0.956 7.05   6.61 0.652
Kansas 8.22   8.07 0.859 8.26   8.60 0.711 10.33   10.58 0.835 7.81   7.59 0.820
Kentucky 8.53   8.67 0.874 9.66   9.46 0.820 9.29   9.16 0.916 8.40   8.59 0.853
Louisiana 7.03   7.57 0.517 7.19   8.21 0.226 9.96   9.69 0.815 6.45   7.16 0.461
Maine 8.98   8.80 0.869 10.08   8.96 0.238 12.76   10.80 0.144 8.39   8.49 0.935
Maryland 6.99   6.43 0.486 8.51   8.44 0.941 9.82   9.25 0.633 6.53   5.96 0.535
Massachusetts 7.75   7.86 0.909 8.94   8.02 0.279 12.42   11.09 0.251 6.99   7.32 0.757
Michigan 7.40   8.20 0.145 9.05   8.35 0.154 10.60   10.22 0.568 6.84   7.85 0.111
Minnesota 7.16   7.10 0.937 8.92   8.43 0.590 10.07   9.23 0.440 6.64   6.72 0.926
Mississippi 7.76   7.79 0.967 8.26   7.90 0.646 9.97   9.19 0.473 7.32   7.52 0.833
Missouri 8.60   8.65 0.950 8.80   9.34 0.532 9.77   10.24 0.676 8.38   8.37 0.990
Montana 9.28   8.84 0.651 8.75   8.99 0.796 12.36   10.57 0.142 8.72   8.53 0.866
Nebraska 7.92   8.10 0.842 9.12   8.45 0.433 9.91   9.24 0.523 7.53   7.88 0.739
Nevada 9.80   9.38 0.721 10.28 8.15 0.044 10.83   11.21 0.767 9.64   9.09 0.685
New Hampshire 7.18   8.49 0.171 9.72   9.39 0.729 11.37   10.45 0.462 6.50   8.17 0.128
New Jersey 6.81   6.60 0.797 8.19   8.09 0.910 9.32   8.89 0.703 6.43   6.25 0.846
New Mexico 8.37   7.39 0.238 9.18   8.86 0.740 10.16   9.12 0.336 8.03   7.07 0.312
New York 7.34   7.05 0.583 9.17 7.85 0.012 9.43   8.69 0.277 6.99   6.77 0.716
North Carolina 7.65   7.39 0.769 8.99   8.36 0.461 10.07   8.65 0.202 7.24   7.19 0.954
North Dakota 7.32   7.88 0.500 8.86   8.51 0.676 11.22   10.84 0.749 6.52   7.25 0.445
Ohio 9.00   8.18 0.143 8.54   8.28 0.589 11.30   10.58 0.320 8.60   7.76 0.197
Oklahoma 7.98   8.42 0.621 9.10   9.14 0.968 12.88 10.45 0.075 7.03   8.04 0.340
Oregon 9.52 7.76 0.055 9.28   8.13 0.201 12.73   11.17 0.179 8.97 7.19 0.090
Pennsylvania 7.30   6.50 0.148 9.00 7.67 0.011 9.30   8.85 0.518 6.97   6.11 0.181
Rhode Island 9.88   9.13 0.483 9.26   7.92 0.124 10.43   10.58 0.897 9.78   8.86 0.454
South Carolina 7.70   7.61 0.919 8.40   7.86 0.510 9.63   9.85 0.835 7.36   7.23 0.892
South Dakota 7.31   6.64 0.388 7.40   7.57 0.835 9.14   8.65 0.641 6.96   6.26 0.435
Tennessee 8.25   8.78 0.594 9.15   8.25 0.279 10.14   10.76 0.599 7.93   8.45 0.644
Texas 7.04   6.76 0.573 8.76   8.64 0.818 8.63   8.60 0.965 6.73   6.39 0.573
Utah 10.14   9.04 0.257 10.14 8.22 0.034 13.36   11.26 0.115 9.26   8.44 0.486
Vermont 8.00   8.75 0.417 8.46   8.69 0.787 11.84   12.20 0.764 7.34   8.17 0.442
Virginia 7.39   7.12 0.730 9.33   8.94 0.664 11.08   10.87 0.865 6.78   6.50 0.757
Washington 7.86   7.04 0.341 9.84   9.14 0.377 11.92 10.05 0.085 7.16   6.53 0.527
West Virginia 9.48   9.08 0.681 8.60   8.28 0.697 10.28   10.77 0.672 9.35   8.82 0.627
Wisconsin 8.41   7.95 0.591 9.40   9.02 0.646 10.99   9.65 0.270 7.95   7.64 0.758
Wyoming 9.30   8.52 0.432 9.15   8.88 0.755 12.16   11.91 0.844 8.75   7.89 0.453

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