State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health from the
2005-2006 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health

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Appendix B:
Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Measure

71003
Table B.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 8.19   9.84   19.97   5.91  
Alabama 7.36 (6.26 - 8.64) 10.78 (8.82 - 13.11) 17.65 (14.82 - 20.89) 5.13 (4.00 - 6.55)
Alaska 11.10 (9.51 - 12.91) 11.11 (9.07 - 13.54) 22.34 (19.27 - 25.75) 8.92 (7.06 - 11.23)
Arizona 8.07 (6.83 - 9.51) 10.84 (8.81 - 13.26) 17.55 (14.67 - 20.86) 6.00 (4.66 - 7.68)
Arkansas 8.35 (7.11 - 9.77) 12.11 (9.89 - 14.75) 19.66 (16.67 - 23.03) 5.88 (4.57 - 7.52)
California 9.09 (8.33 - 9.91) 9.71 (8.59 - 10.96) 20.22 (18.58 - 21.98) 6.93 (6.04 - 7.95)
Colorado 9.99 (8.62 - 11.55) 10.26 (8.34 - 12.56) 26.47 (22.77 - 30.53) 7.09 (5.60 - 8.94)
Connecticut 9.18 (7.79 - 10.77) 10.26 (8.37 - 12.52) 26.38 (22.56 - 30.60) 6.38 (4.91 - 8.26)
Delaware 8.07 (6.92 - 9.40) 10.45 (8.49 - 12.81) 21.56 (18.29 - 25.24) 5.47 (4.23 - 7.04)
District of Columbia 11.05 (9.49 - 12.83) 10.92 (8.77 - 13.52) 22.98 (19.36 - 27.05) 8.76 (7.04 - 10.85)
Florida 8.13 (7.40 - 8.92) 10.18 (9.04 - 11.45) 21.61 (19.93 - 23.39) 5.86 (5.04 - 6.81)
Georgia 7.80 (6.53 - 9.29) 8.71 (7.04 - 10.74) 18.04 (15.17 - 21.32) 5.83 (4.48 - 7.57)
Hawaii 8.03 (6.58 - 9.77) 10.59 (8.37 - 13.31) 19.57 (16.34 - 23.27) 5.94 (4.40 - 7.97)
Idaho 7.19 (6.06 - 8.52) 8.65 (7.00 - 10.65) 17.02 (14.29 - 20.14) 5.04 (3.84 - 6.59)
Illinois 7.36 (6.70 - 8.09) 10.02 (8.93 - 11.23) 18.48 (16.85 - 20.24) 5.01 (4.26 - 5.88)
Indiana 8.08 (6.95 - 9.37) 9.70 (7.94 - 11.80) 20.14 (17.20 - 23.43) 5.68 (4.48 - 7.18)
Iowa 6.32 (5.28 - 7.56) 9.95 (8.04 - 12.25) 15.46 (12.85 - 18.49) 4.18 (3.14 - 5.55)
Kansas 7.88 (6.65 - 9.31) 8.93 (7.21 - 11.01) 18.05 (15.19 - 21.32) 5.79 (4.46 - 7.47)
Kentucky 6.98 (5.90 - 8.23) 10.08 (8.32 - 12.16) 17.22 (14.35 - 20.53) 4.91 (3.81 - 6.32)
Louisiana 8.37 (7.12 - 9.82) 9.34 (7.57 - 11.46) 19.03 (15.97 - 22.51) 6.12 (4.80 - 7.78)
Maine 9.99 (8.60 - 11.57) 13.48 (11.26 - 16.04) 28.92 (25.35 - 32.77) 6.73 (5.24 - 8.61)
Maryland 6.22 (5.18 - 7.46) 8.10 (6.45 - 10.11) 15.91 (13.20 - 19.05) 4.38 (3.29 - 5.79)
Massachusetts 9.96 (8.61 - 11.50) 11.51 (9.41 - 14.00) 27.41 (23.98 - 31.12) 6.88 (5.42 - 8.68)
Michigan 8.76 (8.05 - 9.52) 10.38 (9.28 - 11.61) 21.06 (19.40 - 22.82) 6.39 (5.58 - 7.31)
Minnesota 8.15 (6.90 - 9.61) 10.28 (8.33 - 12.63) 19.03 (16.11 - 22.34) 5.89 (4.53 - 7.62)
Mississippi 7.49 (6.28 - 8.89) 8.59 (6.89 - 10.65) 17.18 (14.29 - 20.52) 5.46 (4.18 - 7.11)
Missouri 8.00 (6.79 - 9.40) 9.96 (8.17 - 12.10) 19.02 (16.26 - 22.12) 5.78 (4.47 - 7.46)
Montana 10.65 (9.15 - 12.35) 13.46 (11.08 - 16.27) 24.22 (21.00 - 27.76) 7.88 (6.21 - 9.94)
Nebraska 7.05 (5.97 - 8.32) 8.97 (7.32 - 10.95) 18.36 (15.50 - 21.62) 4.62 (3.53 - 6.02)
Nevada 9.39 (7.98 - 11.03) 10.45 (8.46 - 12.85) 21.21 (18.02 - 24.79) 7.38 (5.82 - 9.31)
New Hampshire 8.85 (7.59 - 10.28) 10.55 (8.62 - 12.84) 27.14 (23.45 - 31.17) 5.72 (4.43 - 7.37)
New Jersey 7.44 (6.27 - 8.81) 9.27 (7.48 - 11.44) 19.62 (16.62 - 23.01) 5.37 (4.14 - 6.95)
New Mexico 8.34 (7.04 - 9.86) 11.66 (9.47 - 14.28) 20.31 (17.17 - 23.85) 5.58 (4.16 - 7.43)
New York 9.38 (8.56 - 10.28) 10.39 (9.24 - 11.68) 22.91 (21.08 - 24.86) 6.94 (6.00 - 8.02)
North Carolina 7.69 (6.53 - 9.03) 10.39 (8.47 - 12.68) 19.08 (16.15 - 22.39) 5.47 (4.25 - 7.03)
North Dakota 5.66 (4.54 - 7.04) 6.76 (5.17 - 8.80) 13.55 (11.06 - 16.48) 3.85 (2.68 - 5.50)
Ohio 7.93 (7.24 - 8.68) 9.92 (8.89 - 11.06) 19.62 (18.05 - 21.29) 5.65 (4.85 - 6.57)
Oklahoma 8.43 (6.98 - 10.13) 10.17 (8.09 - 12.72) 17.18 (14.34 - 20.46) 6.53 (4.95 - 8.58)
Oregon 9.58 (8.22 - 11.15) 11.26 (9.07 - 13.90) 22.01 (18.80 - 25.60) 7.32 (5.86 - 9.11)
Pennsylvania 7.65 (6.96 - 8.40) 8.98 (8.00 - 10.08) 19.51 (17.97 - 21.16) 5.53 (4.73 - 6.45)
Rhode Island 11.21 (9.70 - 12.93) 12.68 (10.36 - 15.43) 30.67 (26.92 - 34.69) 7.47 (5.88 - 9.46)
South Carolina 7.25 (6.14 - 8.54) 9.61 (7.83 - 11.75) 19.01 (16.08 - 22.34) 4.90 (3.75 - 6.38)
South Dakota 6.89 (5.80 - 8.17) 10.07 (8.16 - 12.35) 16.42 (13.74 - 19.50) 4.62 (3.44 - 6.19)
Tennessee 8.89 (7.63 - 10.33) 10.14 (8.28 - 12.36) 22.19 (19.03 - 25.72) 6.54 (5.20 - 8.20)
Texas 6.78 (6.18 - 7.44) 8.68 (7.65 - 9.84) 16.77 (15.22 - 18.44) 4.53 (3.85 - 5.32)
Utah 6.83 (5.69 - 8.16) 8.15 (6.34 - 10.42) 12.93 (10.55 - 15.75) 4.95 (3.72 - 6.55)
Vermont 11.01 (9.54 - 12.67) 12.66 (10.55 - 15.11) 31.01 (27.54 - 34.71) 7.39 (5.77 - 9.41)
Virginia 7.26 (6.11 - 8.61) 9.05 (7.37 - 11.07) 18.78 (15.90 - 22.04) 5.14 (3.94 - 6.67)
Washington 10.03 (8.60 - 11.68) 10.21 (8.33 - 12.45) 24.31 (21.01 - 27.95) 7.59 (6.01 - 9.54)
West Virginia 7.95 (6.84 - 9.23) 10.16 (8.35 - 12.32) 23.16 (20.17 - 26.44) 5.39 (4.21 - 6.87)
Wisconsin 7.17 (6.11 - 8.40) 9.43 (7.68 - 11.53) 18.74 (15.86 - 22.00) 4.83 (3.75 - 6.19)
Wyoming 8.67 (7.43 - 10.11) 10.36 (8.53 - 12.52) 20.71 (17.82 - 23.94) 6.20 (4.84 - 7.91)
71003
Table B.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 10.37   13.26   28.03   6.90  
Alabama 7.99 (6.78 - 9.40) 11.01 (9.06 - 13.32) 21.36 (18.23 - 24.86) 5.27 (4.03 - 6.87)
Alaska 14.42 (12.73 - 16.30) 15.66 (13.23 - 18.44) 33.28 (29.86 - 36.89) 10.56 (8.62 - 12.89)
Arizona 8.95 (7.66 - 10.44) 14.53 (12.08 - 17.39) 23.88 (20.62 - 27.48) 5.52 (4.21 - 7.22)
Arkansas 10.01 (8.64 - 11.56) 14.32 (12.10 - 16.88) 25.96 (22.67 - 29.56) 6.65 (5.22 - 8.44)
California 11.34 (10.47 - 12.27) 13.14 (11.81 - 14.59) 28.36 (26.48 - 30.32) 7.91 (6.89 - 9.08)
Colorado 12.73 (11.10 - 14.56) 16.07 (13.59 - 18.90) 35.97 (32.09 - 40.05) 8.26 (6.51 - 10.42)
Connecticut 13.23 (11.48 - 15.21) 16.44 (14.01 - 19.20) 37.39 (33.25 - 41.72) 9.09 (7.18 - 11.45)
Delaware 10.45 (9.03 - 12.05) 13.33 (11.17 - 15.83) 30.24 (26.54 - 34.21) 6.70 (5.22 - 8.55)
District of Columbia 15.03 (13.27 - 16.98) 13.38 (11.14 - 16.00) 36.89 (32.98 - 40.99) 10.97 (9.02 - 13.28)
Florida 9.69 (8.93 - 10.52) 13.67 (12.36 - 15.09) 29.50 (27.69 - 31.39) 6.25 (5.40 - 7.23)
Georgia 9.79 (8.36 - 11.42) 11.57 (9.57 - 13.93) 26.18 (22.83 - 29.83) 6.60 (5.11 - 8.48)
Hawaii 10.19 (8.57 - 12.08) 14.32 (11.74 - 17.35) 28.42 (24.55 - 32.65) 6.88 (5.16 - 9.10)
Idaho 9.24 (7.95 - 10.70) 11.97 (9.92 - 14.38) 25.64 (22.40 - 29.16) 5.59 (4.28 - 7.28)
Illinois 9.38 (8.64 - 10.16) 12.57 (11.42 - 13.81) 26.46 (24.60 - 28.41) 5.88 (5.05 - 6.82)
Indiana 9.32 (8.08 - 10.74) 11.96 (10.06 - 14.16) 26.60 (23.44 - 30.01) 5.85 (4.55 - 7.48)
Iowa 8.02 (6.81 - 9.43) 11.57 (9.47 - 14.06) 21.47 (18.45 - 24.82) 5.10 (3.86 - 6.72)
Kansas 10.86 (9.40 - 12.50) 13.45 (11.30 - 15.94) 28.45 (24.83 - 32.38) 7.13 (5.61 - 9.03)
Kentucky 8.74 (7.49 - 10.18) 12.15 (10.22 - 14.39) 24.56 (21.28 - 28.17) 5.72 (4.43 - 7.36)
Louisiana 9.58 (8.20 - 11.16) 11.76 (9.74 - 14.14) 24.12 (20.82 - 27.76) 6.38 (4.91 - 8.25)
Maine 13.31 (11.64 - 15.18) 17.61 (14.93 - 20.66) 39.99 (36.16 - 43.94) 8.80 (6.97 - 11.03)
Maryland 9.18 (7.95 - 10.58) 12.26 (10.19 - 14.68) 28.06 (24.53 - 31.88) 5.66 (4.38 - 7.28)
Massachusetts 12.91 (11.33 - 14.67) 16.27 (13.79 - 19.08) 38.14 (34.43 - 42.00) 8.31 (6.58 - 10.43)
Michigan 11.92 (11.08 - 12.81) 13.74 (12.51 - 15.08) 32.59 (30.70 - 34.55) 8.07 (7.11 - 9.15)
Minnesota 11.25 (9.70 - 13.01) 13.45 (11.23 - 16.02) 27.95 (24.65 - 31.51) 7.92 (6.20 - 10.07)
Mississippi 8.45 (7.22 - 9.87) 10.65 (8.83 - 12.78) 21.30 (18.22 - 24.75) 5.66 (4.39 - 7.28)
Missouri 10.05 (8.70 - 11.58) 13.00 (10.93 - 15.40) 24.90 (21.83 - 28.25) 7.01 (5.56 - 8.82)
Montana 14.10 (12.34 - 16.05) 17.06 (14.54 - 19.92) 36.72 (33.03 - 40.57) 9.70 (7.72 - 12.12)
Nebraska 9.39 (8.08 - 10.88) 11.02 (9.10 - 13.28) 25.32 (22.15 - 28.77) 6.10 (4.72 - 7.85)
Nevada 10.77 (9.18 - 12.58) 14.36 (11.99 - 17.11) 27.58 (23.84 - 31.67) 7.62 (5.92 - 9.76)
New Hampshire 12.33 (10.74 - 14.13) 14.02 (11.77 - 16.61) 38.09 (34.17 - 42.17) 8.03 (6.32 - 10.16)
New Jersey 9.60 (8.25 - 11.14) 13.15 (11.06 - 15.57) 28.83 (25.27 - 32.67) 6.24 (4.81 - 8.07)
New Mexico 10.30 (8.87 - 11.92) 15.89 (13.34 - 18.83) 27.89 (24.28 - 31.81) 6.12 (4.65 - 8.01)
New York 12.15 (11.27 - 13.08) 14.60 (13.28 - 16.04) 31.95 (29.89 - 34.08) 8.45 (7.44 - 9.59)
North Carolina 9.90 (8.48 - 11.52) 12.81 (10.76 - 15.19) 27.48 (24.20 - 31.02) 6.65 (5.14 - 8.56)
North Dakota 7.48 (6.31 - 8.85) 10.55 (8.61 - 12.87) 20.67 (17.55 - 24.19) 4.28 (3.13 - 5.82)
Ohio 10.63 (9.80 - 11.53) 13.61 (12.36 - 14.95) 28.26 (26.43 - 30.18) 7.21 (6.27 - 8.28)
Oklahoma 8.71 (7.41 - 10.23) 12.90 (10.64 - 15.56) 21.38 (18.32 - 24.81) 5.75 (4.39 - 7.50)
Oregon 13.25 (11.64 - 15.04) 17.98 (15.22 - 21.12) 32.92 (29.10 - 36.99) 9.41 (7.67 - 11.50)
Pennsylvania 10.45 (9.61 - 11.35) 13.55 (12.31 - 14.89) 29.22 (27.38 - 31.13) 6.97 (6.01 - 8.07)
Rhode Island 14.90 (13.13 - 16.88) 17.46 (14.70 - 20.62) 40.89 (36.96 - 44.95) 9.83 (7.87 - 12.21)
South Carolina 8.82 (7.61 - 10.21) 11.94 (9.99 - 14.20) 24.66 (21.32 - 28.35) 5.67 (4.42 - 7.24)
South Dakota 8.66 (7.44 - 10.05) 12.61 (10.54 - 15.02) 23.35 (20.20 - 26.82) 5.28 (4.06 - 6.84)
Tennessee 10.55 (9.10 - 12.20) 12.83 (10.74 - 15.27) 28.28 (24.85 - 31.99) 7.34 (5.77 - 9.30)
Texas 8.40 (7.72 - 9.13) 11.56 (10.36 - 12.89) 22.29 (20.54 - 24.15) 5.18 (4.42 - 6.06)
Utah 8.28 (7.01 - 9.76) 10.04 (8.01 - 12.52) 18.88 (15.84 - 22.35) 5.11 (3.81 - 6.81)
Vermont 15.48 (13.58 - 17.59) 17.63 (15.00 - 20.61) 41.86 (38.15 - 45.68) 10.71 (8.56 - 13.32)
Virginia 9.05 (7.84 - 10.43) 13.45 (11.30 - 15.93) 26.99 (23.66 - 30.59) 5.53 (4.30 - 7.09)
Washington 12.30 (10.72 - 14.08) 14.63 (12.31 - 17.29) 32.60 (28.94 - 36.49) 8.56 (6.86 - 10.62)
West Virginia 9.12 (7.92 - 10.49) 13.71 (11.52 - 16.25) 28.56 (25.33 - 32.03) 5.65 (4.39 - 7.23)
Wisconsin 10.16 (8.88 - 11.61) 12.90 (10.76 - 15.39) 29.61 (25.91 - 33.61) 6.35 (5.05 - 7.97)
Wyoming 11.28 (9.80 - 12.94) 15.45 (13.17 - 18.06) 29.75 (26.25 - 33.51) 7.27 (5.67 - 9.28)
71003
Table B.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 6.02   6.74   16.42   4.10  
Alabama 4.76 (3.85 - 5.88) 6.32 (4.84 - 8.21) 12.16 (9.87 - 14.88) 3.28 (2.36 - 4.53)
Alaska 8.83 (7.46 - 10.42) 8.26 (6.42 - 10.58) 19.42 (16.68 - 22.48) 6.89 (5.31 - 8.89)
Arizona 5.18 (4.26 - 6.29) 7.24 (5.56 - 9.39) 14.08 (11.52 - 17.10) 3.31 (2.42 - 4.51)
Arkansas 5.70 (4.71 - 6.89) 7.71 (6.08 - 9.74) 14.38 (11.89 - 17.28) 3.93 (2.91 - 5.28)
California 6.70 (6.01 - 7.45) 6.51 (5.58 - 7.59) 16.95 (15.38 - 18.64) 4.82 (4.03 - 5.76)
Colorado 7.68 (6.46 - 9.11) 7.44 (5.79 - 9.53) 21.43 (18.32 - 24.90) 5.32 (4.04 - 6.99)
Connecticut 7.61 (6.38 - 9.04) 8.40 (6.66 - 10.55) 23.27 (19.82 - 27.13) 5.09 (3.80 - 6.77)
Delaware 5.93 (4.95 - 7.08) 7.31 (5.70 - 9.33) 18.02 (14.74 - 21.83) 3.69 (2.74 - 4.94)
District of Columbia 8.44 (7.10 - 10.02) 6.81 (5.24 - 8.80) 19.48 (16.20 - 23.24) 6.47 (5.03 - 8.30)
Florida 5.68 (5.11 - 6.31) 6.92 (6.04 - 7.92) 17.88 (16.35 - 19.52) 3.70 (3.06 - 4.47)
Georgia 5.87 (4.81 - 7.15) 5.85 (4.49 - 7.58) 15.01 (12.37 - 18.10) 4.24 (3.15 - 5.70)
Hawaii 5.54 (4.45 - 6.87) 7.04 (5.33 - 9.24) 15.47 (12.55 - 18.93) 3.82 (2.73 - 5.33)
Idaho 5.31 (4.40 - 6.41) 5.91 (4.57 - 7.61) 14.07 (11.64 - 16.91) 3.50 (2.57 - 4.74)
Illinois 5.36 (4.82 - 5.96) 6.73 (5.82 - 7.77) 15.36 (13.88 - 16.96) 3.38 (2.78 - 4.10)
Indiana 5.53 (4.60 - 6.64) 6.17 (4.82 - 7.85) 15.60 (13.04 - 18.56) 3.63 (2.71 - 4.86)
Iowa 4.66 (3.85 - 5.63) 6.55 (5.04 - 8.46) 12.85 (10.49 - 15.64) 2.92 (2.14 - 3.98)
Kansas 5.81 (4.81 - 7.00) 6.57 (5.17 - 8.32) 14.77 (12.25 - 17.70) 3.99 (2.97 - 5.34)
Kentucky 4.93 (4.04 - 6.01) 6.59 (5.16 - 8.38) 13.96 (11.37 - 17.04) 3.24 (2.37 - 4.43)
Louisiana 5.55 (4.57 - 6.73) 5.65 (4.31 - 7.36) 14.87 (12.26 - 17.93) 3.70 (2.70 - 5.03)
Maine 8.97 (7.59 - 10.58) 10.99 (8.78 - 13.67) 27.66 (24.27 - 31.32) 5.93 (4.45 - 7.85)
Maryland 4.79 (3.90 - 5.86) 5.63 (4.30 - 7.34) 13.36 (10.89 - 16.28) 3.26 (2.37 - 4.47)
Massachusetts 7.96 (6.79 - 9.31) 8.96 (7.10 - 11.26) 24.15 (20.88 - 27.75) 5.15 (3.96 - 6.66)
Michigan 6.43 (5.84 - 7.08) 7.32 (6.43 - 8.32) 16.99 (15.42 - 18.69) 4.47 (3.80 - 5.26)
Minnesota 7.17 (5.99 - 8.56) 7.53 (5.88 - 9.61) 17.03 (14.24 - 20.23) 5.33 (4.08 - 6.94)
Mississippi 5.11 (4.19 - 6.21) 5.36 (4.08 - 7.02) 12.77 (10.33 - 15.69) 3.60 (2.65 - 4.86)
Missouri 5.42 (4.46 - 6.57) 6.45 (4.98 - 8.31) 14.35 (11.98 - 17.11) 3.70 (2.70 - 5.04)
Montana 9.21 (7.83 - 10.81) 10.56 (8.52 - 13.02) 21.96 (18.92 - 25.33) 6.78 (5.20 - 8.78)
Nebraska 5.21 (4.27 - 6.34) 5.52 (4.24 - 7.15) 14.94 (12.34 - 17.99) 3.30 (2.38 - 4.55)
Nevada 6.78 (5.59 - 8.19) 7.57 (5.88 - 9.69) 16.26 (13.38 - 19.61) 5.17 (3.94 - 6.76)
New Hampshire 7.63 (6.43 - 9.04) 8.21 (6.50 - 10.33) 25.01 (21.44 - 28.95) 4.80 (3.56 - 6.45)
New Jersey 5.26 (4.32 - 6.39) 6.35 (4.91 - 8.17) 15.88 (13.15 - 19.06) 3.51 (2.57 - 4.79)
New Mexico 6.08 (5.06 - 7.29) 7.79 (6.07 - 9.95) 16.93 (14.14 - 20.16) 3.76 (2.72 - 5.18)
New York 7.09 (6.42 - 7.81) 7.81 (6.83 - 8.93) 20.23 (18.52 - 22.06) 4.75 (4.00 - 5.63)
North Carolina 5.59 (4.62 - 6.75) 7.02 (5.46 - 8.98) 15.68 (13.19 - 18.53) 3.76 (2.77 - 5.08)
North Dakota 4.37 (3.44 - 5.54) 4.51 (3.31 - 6.11) 11.25 (9.03 - 13.93) 2.89 (1.96 - 4.24)
Ohio 6.14 (5.55 - 6.78) 6.97 (6.07 - 7.99) 16.59 (15.12 - 18.17) 4.23 (3.55 - 5.03)
Oklahoma 5.27 (4.28 - 6.48) 6.36 (4.82 - 8.35) 13.00 (10.60 - 15.85) 3.66 (2.66 - 5.03)
Oregon 7.86 (6.61 - 9.33) 8.36 (6.53 - 10.66) 18.45 (15.49 - 21.83) 6.05 (4.72 - 7.72)
Pennsylvania 5.80 (5.23 - 6.43) 6.37 (5.50 - 7.36) 16.92 (15.37 - 18.60) 3.90 (3.26 - 4.66)
Rhode Island 9.21 (7.87 - 10.75) 9.74 (7.63 - 12.36) 27.53 (24.00 - 31.36) 5.79 (4.37 - 7.65)
South Carolina 5.43 (4.50 - 6.55) 6.06 (4.69 - 7.81) 15.78 (13.01 - 19.01) 3.56 (2.64 - 4.79)
South Dakota 5.22 (4.30 - 6.31) 6.56 (5.08 - 8.43) 13.98 (11.47 - 16.93) 3.34 (2.42 - 4.61)
Tennessee 6.09 (5.05 - 7.33) 5.73 (4.34 - 7.53) 16.99 (14.20 - 20.20) 4.34 (3.25 - 5.77)
Texas 4.35 (3.88 - 4.87) 5.56 (4.77 - 6.47) 12.09 (10.82 - 13.50) 2.65 (2.13 - 3.28)
Utah 4.33 (3.47 - 5.39) 5.08 (3.64 - 7.04) 9.55 (7.52 - 12.05) 2.80 (1.94 - 4.02)
Vermont 9.74 (8.30 - 11.39) 10.08 (8.10 - 12.48) 28.28 (24.84 - 31.99) 6.53 (4.96 - 8.56)
Virginia 5.54 (4.58 - 6.68) 6.39 (4.91 - 8.27) 15.75 (13.17 - 18.73) 3.74 (2.79 - 5.00)
Washington 8.25 (6.86 - 9.88) 7.70 (6.08 - 9.71) 20.05 (16.92 - 23.58) 6.32 (4.82 - 8.23)
West Virginia 5.96 (5.01 - 7.07) 6.82 (5.32 - 8.71) 18.66 (15.95 - 21.71) 3.92 (2.94 - 5.21)
Wisconsin 5.58 (4.66 - 6.67) 6.58 (5.14 - 8.40) 15.77 (13.11 - 18.85) 3.65 (2.72 - 4.86)
Wyoming 6.84 (5.73 - 8.15) 7.63 (6.08 - 9.53) 17.55 (14.88 - 20.59) 4.73 (3.55 - 6.28)
71003
Table B.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 38.85   34.31   24.52   41.97  
Alabama 49.05 (45.74 - 52.36) 39.88 (36.06 - 43.83) 34.33 (30.70 - 38.15) 52.81 (48.68 - 56.91)
Alaska 28.53 (25.87 - 31.36) 28.31 (24.42 - 32.56) 18.40 (15.63 - 21.53) 30.53 (27.10 - 34.18)
Arizona 38.72 (35.53 - 42.02) 31.03 (27.33 - 34.99) 25.70 (22.37 - 29.33) 42.12 (38.10 - 46.24)
Arkansas 45.70 (42.53 - 48.91) 37.00 (33.20 - 40.98) 26.61 (23.35 - 30.14) 50.18 (46.20 - 54.16)
California 37.28 (35.65 - 38.94) 33.60 (31.63 - 35.64) 26.40 (24.54 - 28.34) 39.85 (37.77 - 41.98)
Colorado 30.70 (27.84 - 33.71) 29.74 (26.15 - 33.60) 18.47 (15.43 - 21.94) 32.95 (29.46 - 36.65)
Connecticut 35.56 (32.24 - 39.03) 29.95 (26.70 - 33.42) 20.34 (17.23 - 23.85) 38.65 (34.57 - 42.89)
Delaware 38.48 (35.40 - 41.67) 36.41 (32.87 - 40.11) 22.09 (18.96 - 25.57) 41.55 (37.78 - 45.42)
District of Columbia 31.97 (29.13 - 34.95) 29.23 (24.91 - 33.95) 17.59 (14.63 - 21.00) 35.02 (31.54 - 38.67)
Florida 42.78 (41.07 - 44.51) 34.77 (32.82 - 36.77) 28.44 (26.53 - 30.43) 45.89 (43.79 - 48.00)
Georgia 43.21 (40.01 - 46.46) 36.84 (33.23 - 40.60) 31.29 (27.76 - 35.06) 46.24 (42.28 - 50.25)
Hawaii 37.80 (34.35 - 41.38) 32.69 (28.95 - 36.67) 28.78 (24.90 - 33.00) 39.83 (35.65 - 44.17)
Idaho 37.85 (34.84 - 40.95) 36.43 (32.75 - 40.27) 27.56 (24.09 - 31.34) 40.09 (36.28 - 44.01)
Illinois 38.90 (37.24 - 40.59) 36.20 (34.27 - 38.18) 25.46 (23.66 - 27.35) 41.68 (39.57 - 43.82)
Indiana 39.09 (36.08 - 42.20) 34.64 (31.21 - 38.23) 24.28 (21.15 - 27.70) 42.38 (38.58 - 46.26)
Iowa 39.61 (36.73 - 42.57) 34.76 (31.17 - 38.54) 24.16 (20.92 - 27.72) 43.07 (39.50 - 46.71)
Kansas 37.07 (34.15 - 40.09) 35.02 (31.62 - 38.59) 20.27 (17.27 - 23.64) 40.57 (36.91 - 44.33)
Kentucky 44.78 (41.63 - 47.97) 37.07 (33.58 - 40.70) 29.07 (25.67 - 32.72) 48.32 (44.50 - 52.17)
Louisiana 44.73 (41.43 - 48.08) 39.92 (36.37 - 43.58) 28.93 (25.39 - 32.75) 48.55 (44.37 - 52.76)
Maine 32.25 (29.36 - 35.29) 28.31 (24.92 - 31.97) 13.62 (11.21 - 16.46) 35.52 (31.98 - 39.23)
Maryland 39.15 (36.19 - 42.19) 32.96 (29.40 - 36.72) 24.62 (21.37 - 28.19) 42.39 (38.71 - 46.14)
Massachusetts 29.01 (26.18 - 32.01) 26.83 (23.55 - 30.38) 15.33 (12.80 - 18.26) 31.55 (28.07 - 35.24)
Michigan 35.23 (33.75 - 36.73) 35.31 (33.45 - 37.21) 21.01 (19.37 - 22.74) 37.68 (35.80 - 39.60)
Minnesota 31.88 (29.05 - 34.84) 31.89 (28.55 - 35.43) 17.78 (15.11 - 20.80) 34.44 (30.88 - 38.18)
Mississippi 51.97 (48.75 - 55.18) 44.46 (40.61 - 48.39) 36.72 (32.83 - 40.80) 55.99 (51.93 - 59.97)
Missouri 40.04 (36.95 - 43.20) 35.83 (32.30 - 39.51) 23.30 (20.23 - 26.69) 43.57 (39.74 - 47.47)
Montana 31.96 (28.99 - 35.08) 31.27 (27.77 - 35.00) 15.10 (12.60 - 18.00) 35.04 (31.35 - 38.92)
Nebraska 41.14 (38.15 - 44.19) 37.74 (34.20 - 41.41) 25.34 (22.02 - 28.98) 44.64 (40.88 - 48.46)
Nevada 35.18 (32.08 - 38.42) 32.71 (29.08 - 36.56) 25.45 (21.97 - 29.28) 37.05 (33.25 - 41.03)
New Hampshire 27.07 (24.17 - 30.19) 27.16 (23.84 - 30.76) 14.14 (11.52 - 17.23) 29.12 (25.53 - 32.98)
New Jersey 38.87 (35.73 - 42.10) 29.62 (26.30 - 33.17) 21.64 (18.42 - 25.24) 42.68 (38.78 - 46.67)
New Mexico 39.60 (36.38 - 42.91) 29.61 (26.01 - 33.49) 25.55 (22.13 - 29.30) 43.74 (39.65 - 47.91)
New York 38.48 (36.72 - 40.28) 32.64 (30.74 - 34.61) 22.74 (20.86 - 24.74) 41.92 (39.71 - 44.15)
North Carolina 40.76 (37.59 - 44.01) 32.08 (28.59 - 35.79) 25.02 (21.78 - 28.56) 44.47 (40.54 - 48.47)
North Dakota 39.64 (36.56 - 42.81) 36.59 (32.97 - 40.37) 24.58 (21.39 - 28.08) 43.24 (39.31 - 47.26)
Ohio 38.19 (36.55 - 39.85) 36.06 (34.23 - 37.93) 23.38 (21.66 - 25.20) 41.02 (38.94 - 43.13)
Oklahoma 40.86 (37.64 - 44.16) 34.80 (30.75 - 39.07) 27.58 (24.08 - 31.37) 44.19 (40.10 - 48.36)
Oregon 29.06 (26.21 - 32.09) 28.98 (25.47 - 32.75) 17.05 (14.13 - 20.41) 31.06 (27.61 - 34.75)
Pennsylvania 39.35 (37.65 - 41.07) 34.47 (32.58 - 36.42) 21.97 (20.34 - 23.71) 42.82 (40.67 - 45.00)
Rhode Island 30.99 (28.04 - 34.11) 29.10 (25.52 - 32.97) 16.66 (13.88 - 19.87) 33.85 (30.21 - 37.69)
South Carolina 41.31 (38.31 - 44.39) 34.67 (31.38 - 38.12) 25.53 (22.37 - 28.97) 44.93 (41.21 - 48.72)
South Dakota 40.12 (37.17 - 43.14) 38.18 (34.56 - 41.95) 26.34 (22.98 - 29.99) 43.04 (39.35 - 46.81)
Tennessee 41.80 (38.55 - 45.12) 36.29 (32.74 - 39.99) 24.03 (20.89 - 27.48) 45.42 (41.39 - 49.51)
Texas 43.62 (42.08 - 45.17) 37.53 (35.54 - 39.56) 27.75 (25.89 - 29.69) 47.66 (45.68 - 49.66)
Utah 42.62 (39.56 - 45.74) 44.23 (39.83 - 48.72) 33.05 (29.27 - 37.06) 44.93 (40.89 - 49.04)
Vermont 28.76 (25.88 - 31.81) 25.77 (22.61 - 29.21) 13.37 (10.97 - 16.20) 31.76 (28.15 - 35.61)
Virginia 38.27 (35.24 - 41.40) 35.60 (32.03 - 39.34) 22.08 (19.12 - 25.35) 41.29 (37.56 - 45.12)
Washington 28.24 (25.47 - 31.18) 29.55 (26.18 - 33.15) 15.95 (13.28 - 19.04) 30.16 (26.77 - 33.77)
West Virginia 44.75 (41.61 - 47.94) 37.80 (34.29 - 41.43) 25.48 (22.28 - 28.97) 48.46 (44.61 - 52.34)
Wisconsin 34.01 (31.18 - 36.96) 31.98 (28.44 - 35.74) 19.16 (16.27 - 22.42) 36.92 (33.40 - 40.58)
Wyoming 36.24 (33.31 - 39.28) 34.37 (30.85 - 38.08) 19.67 (16.89 - 22.78) 39.59 (35.89 - 43.40)
71003
Table B.5 First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Average Annual Rates Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2)] ÷ 2}, where X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group–specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 1.62   5.58   6.02   0.17  
Alabama 1.31 (1.12 - 1.53) 4.86 (3.94 - 5.97) 4.97 (3.87 - 6.38) 0.14 (0.08 - 0.24)
Alaska 2.27 (1.89 - 2.71) 5.68 (4.51 - 7.14) 6.98 (5.34 - 9.07) 0.26 (0.15 - 0.46)
Arizona 1.72 (1.45 - 2.04) 6.59 (5.36 - 8.07) 5.34 (4.04 - 7.03) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.30)
Arkansas 1.55 (1.32 - 1.82) 6.48 (5.32 - 7.87) 5.61 (4.34 - 7.22) 0.15 (0.08 - 0.26)
California 1.60 (1.45 - 1.76) 5.43 (4.83 - 6.10) 5.28 (4.55 - 6.12) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.25)
Colorado 1.95 (1.64 - 2.31) 7.00 (5.77 - 8.46) 6.51 (4.84 - 8.71) 0.22 (0.13 - 0.37)
Connecticut 1.98 (1.69 - 2.33) 6.88 (5.71 - 8.27) 8.35 (6.40 - 10.84) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.31)
Delaware 1.86 (1.58 - 2.19) 6.34 (5.25 - 7.64) 7.96 (6.10 - 10.32) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.30)
District of Columbia 2.15 (1.79 - 2.58) 6.05 (4.89 - 7.48) 9.02 (6.95 - 11.63) 0.27 (0.16 - 0.47)
Florida 1.41 (1.29 - 1.54) 5.76 (5.17 - 6.40) 5.88 (5.08 - 6.79) 0.13 (0.08 - 0.22)
Georgia 1.53 (1.29 - 1.81) 4.47 (3.59 - 5.56) 6.23 (4.77 - 8.08) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.30)
Hawaii 1.73 (1.39 - 2.14) 5.71 (4.39 - 7.40) 7.05 (5.11 - 9.65) 0.23 (0.10 - 0.52)
Idaho 1.65 (1.38 - 1.97) 4.95 (3.97 - 6.15) 5.15 (3.89 - 6.78) 0.20 (0.11 - 0.34)
Illinois 1.64 (1.49 - 1.80) 5.48 (4.89 - 6.14) 6.20 (5.38 - 7.15) 0.17 (0.11 - 0.26)
Indiana 1.63 (1.40 - 1.91) 5.69 (4.72 - 6.85) 5.72 (4.44 - 7.34) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.29)
Iowa 1.52 (1.29 - 1.80) 5.38 (4.36 - 6.62) 5.72 (4.41 - 7.38) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.30)
Kansas 1.67 (1.41 - 1.98) 5.03 (4.10 - 6.17) 6.35 (4.89 - 8.21) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.31)
Kentucky 1.47 (1.25 - 1.73) 5.38 (4.40 - 6.56) 6.41 (4.94 - 8.27) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.26)
Louisiana 1.65 (1.41 - 1.94) 5.63 (4.61 - 6.84) 5.39 (4.16 - 6.97) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.28)
Maine 2.08 (1.78 - 2.43) 7.63 (6.33 - 9.17) 10.12 (8.00 - 12.72) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.30)
Maryland 1.68 (1.41 - 1.99) 5.32 (4.33 - 6.53) 6.74 (5.23 - 8.65) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.30)
Massachusetts 1.96 (1.68 - 2.29) 6.21 (5.13 - 7.49) 8.03 (6.32 - 10.16) 0.22 (0.13 - 0.37)
Michigan 1.95 (1.78 - 2.14) 5.82 (5.23 - 6.48) 7.69 (6.67 - 8.84) 0.20 (0.13 - 0.31)
Minnesota 1.78 (1.51 - 2.10) 5.65 (4.59 - 6.94) 6.17 (4.77 - 7.95) 0.20 (0.12 - 0.33)
Mississippi 1.33 (1.12 - 1.57) 4.62 (3.73 - 5.71) 4.42 (3.36 - 5.78) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.28)
Missouri 1.56 (1.32 - 1.84) 4.93 (3.96 - 6.13) 6.22 (4.87 - 7.91) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.29)
Montana 1.98 (1.68 - 2.33) 6.24 (5.12 - 7.57) 8.27 (6.49 - 10.47) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.33)
Nebraska 1.57 (1.32 - 1.87) 4.54 (3.62 - 5.69) 6.45 (5.01 - 8.26) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.30)
Nevada 1.70 (1.42 - 2.04) 6.41 (5.20 - 7.87) 4.73 (3.51 - 6.35) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.35)
New Hampshire 2.05 (1.73 - 2.43) 5.56 (4.50 - 6.85) 10.37 (8.02 - 13.31) 0.20 (0.12 - 0.36)
New Jersey 1.50 (1.27 - 1.76) 5.82 (4.78 - 7.07) 5.97 (4.63 - 7.68) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.26)
New Mexico 1.83 (1.51 - 2.21) 6.99 (5.59 - 8.71) 6.84 (5.09 - 9.14) 0.14 (0.07 - 0.28)
New York 1.61 (1.47 - 1.77) 5.70 (5.11 - 6.36) 6.35 (5.49 - 7.34) 0.17 (0.11 - 0.26)
North Carolina 1.44 (1.20 - 1.71) 5.12 (4.15 - 6.31) 5.57 (4.26 - 7.25) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.31)
North Dakota 1.37 (1.14 - 1.64) 4.48 (3.57 - 5.62) 5.31 (4.08 - 6.89) 0.14 (0.07 - 0.27)
Ohio 1.70 (1.55 - 1.86) 5.76 (5.17 - 6.42) 6.33 (5.52 - 7.26) 0.17 (0.11 - 0.27)
Oklahoma 1.53 (1.28 - 1.84) 5.31 (4.20 - 6.69) 5.35 (4.11 - 6.93) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.30)
Oregon 2.06 (1.73 - 2.45) 7.23 (5.91 - 8.82) 7.11 (5.33 - 9.44) 0.25 (0.15 - 0.43)
Pennsylvania 1.60 (1.46 - 1.75) 5.85 (5.24 - 6.53) 6.49 (5.66 - 7.44) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.25)
Rhode Island 2.02 (1.71 - 2.38) 7.04 (5.76 - 8.57) 8.16 (6.23 - 10.63) 0.20 (0.11 - 0.35)
South Carolina 1.57 (1.34 - 1.84) 5.45 (4.53 - 6.56) 6.32 (4.91 - 8.10) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.26)
South Dakota 1.52 (1.28 - 1.79) 5.07 (4.09 - 6.25) 5.46 (4.23 - 7.02) 0.15 (0.08 - 0.27)
Tennessee 1.59 (1.36 - 1.86) 5.64 (4.64 - 6.83) 6.45 (5.04 - 8.23) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.30)
Texas 1.49 (1.36 - 1.64) 5.13 (4.56 - 5.75) 4.88 (4.16 - 5.71) 0.15 (0.10 - 0.24)
Utah 1.52 (1.23 - 1.87) 4.06 (3.10 - 5.29) 4.16 (3.03 - 5.68) 0.20 (0.10 - 0.41)
Vermont 2.44 (2.08 - 2.86) 7.80 (6.53 - 9.29) 10.57 (8.36 - 13.29) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.35)
Virginia 1.53 (1.29 - 1.80) 5.64 (4.61 - 6.89) 5.39 (4.14 - 7.00) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.29)
Washington 1.89 (1.60 - 2.23) 5.70 (4.64 - 6.99) 7.56 (5.88 - 9.68) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.35)
West Virginia 1.24 (1.06 - 1.45) 5.23 (4.28 - 6.39) 5.99 (4.71 - 7.60) 0.13 (0.07 - 0.24)
Wisconsin 1.86 (1.59 - 2.17) 5.65 (4.63 - 6.87) 7.91 (6.23 - 9.98) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.32)
Wyoming 2.12 (1.81 - 2.48) 6.71 (5.55 - 8.10) 8.17 (6.45 - 10.30) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.32)
71003
Table B.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 3.80   4.93   8.82   2.76  
Alabama 4.02 (3.24 - 4.98) 6.01 (4.65 - 7.72) 9.79 (7.74 - 12.32) 2.76 (1.95 - 3.89)
Alaska 4.24 (3.37 - 5.32) 5.11 (3.89 - 6.68) 8.77 (6.87 - 11.13) 3.21 (2.27 - 4.54)
Arizona 4.45 (3.54 - 5.58) 5.37 (4.09 - 7.02) 9.53 (7.41 - 12.17) 3.42 (2.46 - 4.74)
Arkansas 4.51 (3.63 - 5.58) 6.88 (5.32 - 8.86) 10.81 (8.62 - 13.47) 3.09 (2.20 - 4.34)
California 3.91 (3.42 - 4.46) 4.70 (3.98 - 5.55) 8.41 (7.29 - 9.67) 2.95 (2.40 - 3.63)
Colorado 4.21 (3.38 - 5.21) 5.15 (3.98 - 6.65) 10.23 (8.05 - 12.92) 3.03 (2.20 - 4.18)
Connecticut 3.88 (3.06 - 4.89) 4.62 (3.57 - 5.96) 10.35 (8.13 - 13.08) 2.78 (1.94 - 3.97)
Delaware 3.60 (2.85 - 4.53) 4.96 (3.83 - 6.40) 8.57 (6.62 - 11.04) 2.57 (1.82 - 3.62)
District of Columbia 4.49 (3.51 - 5.73) 4.70 (3.59 - 6.14) 7.70 (5.85 - 10.08) 3.85 (2.78 - 5.31)
Florida 4.11 (3.60 - 4.68) 5.34 (4.60 - 6.19) 9.74 (8.60 - 11.01) 3.11 (2.55 - 3.80)
Georgia 3.30 (2.58 - 4.21) 4.62 (3.57 - 5.96) 6.79 (5.11 - 8.98) 2.49 (1.74 - 3.54)
Hawaii 3.29 (2.50 - 4.31) 4.79 (3.59 - 6.38) 7.69 (5.73 - 10.25) 2.42 (1.61 - 3.63)
Idaho 3.49 (2.77 - 4.40) 4.92 (3.82 - 6.32) 7.72 (5.88 - 10.07) 2.44 (1.70 - 3.50)
Illinois 3.33 (2.89 - 3.83) 4.85 (4.11 - 5.71) 7.20 (6.20 - 8.34) 2.43 (1.94 - 3.03)
Indiana 4.18 (3.41 - 5.11) 5.24 (4.09 - 6.68) 10.81 (8.66 - 13.41) 2.84 (2.04 - 3.93)
Iowa 3.08 (2.44 - 3.87) 5.31 (4.09 - 6.88) 6.88 (5.21 - 9.02) 2.09 (1.46 - 3.00)
Kansas 4.03 (3.20 - 5.08) 4.53 (3.51 - 5.85) 8.39 (6.43 - 10.88) 3.13 (2.25 - 4.35)
Kentucky 3.48 (2.79 - 4.33) 5.70 (4.48 - 7.22) 8.29 (6.46 - 10.59) 2.41 (1.72 - 3.37)
Louisiana 4.59 (3.72 - 5.65) 5.21 (4.06 - 6.65) 10.07 (8.01 - 12.59) 3.41 (2.47 - 4.68)
Maine 3.05 (2.43 - 3.82) 5.32 (4.12 - 6.86) 8.35 (6.46 - 10.75) 1.98 (1.38 - 2.83)
Maryland 3.07 (2.39 - 3.93) 4.28 (3.27 - 5.59) 6.75 (5.12 - 8.84) 2.30 (1.58 - 3.33)
Massachusetts 4.62 (3.75 - 5.68) 4.87 (3.73 - 6.34) 12.18 (9.79 - 15.06) 3.34 (2.43 - 4.57)
Michigan 4.18 (3.71 - 4.70) 5.14 (4.42 - 5.96) 9.94 (8.78 - 11.23) 3.04 (2.51 - 3.68)
Minnesota 3.15 (2.49 - 3.99) 5.21 (4.03 - 6.72) 7.55 (5.75 - 9.85) 2.08 (1.42 - 3.04)
Mississippi 3.75 (3.00 - 4.67) 4.64 (3.58 - 5.99) 8.30 (6.48 - 10.59) 2.75 (1.95 - 3.85)
Missouri 3.76 (3.06 - 4.61) 5.23 (4.14 - 6.60) 9.02 (7.13 - 11.35) 2.63 (1.91 - 3.61)
Montana 3.51 (2.81 - 4.39) 5.91 (4.59 - 7.58) 8.09 (6.24 - 10.43) 2.40 (1.69 - 3.38)
Nebraska 3.30 (2.61 - 4.17) 5.15 (4.03 - 6.56) 7.64 (5.84 - 9.94) 2.22 (1.52 - 3.21)
Nevada 4.25 (3.37 - 5.34) 5.06 (3.83 - 6.65) 11.05 (8.66 - 14.00) 3.06 (2.15 - 4.34)
New Hampshire 3.07 (2.42 - 3.90) 4.60 (3.52 - 5.99) 8.47 (6.48 - 11.01) 2.02 (1.38 - 2.94)
New Jersey 3.42 (2.68 - 4.35) 4.45 (3.41 - 5.79) 8.04 (6.21 - 10.35) 2.59 (1.81 - 3.70)
New Mexico 3.83 (3.09 - 4.75) 5.50 (4.20 - 7.18) 9.45 (7.36 - 12.04) 2.52 (1.77 - 3.57)
New York 3.85 (3.31 - 4.46) 4.54 (3.85 - 5.35) 7.99 (6.89 - 9.24) 3.05 (2.43 - 3.82)
North Carolina 4.00 (3.21 - 4.97) 5.25 (4.09 - 6.71) 9.61 (7.67 - 11.98) 2.92 (2.08 - 4.08)
North Dakota 2.52 (1.85 - 3.41) 4.06 (2.97 - 5.53) 5.62 (4.08 - 7.68) 1.66 (1.00 - 2.73)
Ohio 3.45 (3.01 - 3.95) 4.86 (4.17 - 5.65) 8.24 (7.16 - 9.46) 2.43 (1.95 - 3.03)
Oklahoma 4.04 (3.24 - 5.03) 5.34 (4.08 - 6.96) 8.52 (6.58 - 10.97) 3.02 (2.18 - 4.16)
Oregon 3.78 (3.03 - 4.72) 5.15 (3.98 - 6.65) 10.04 (7.88 - 12.70) 2.58 (1.84 - 3.61)
Pennsylvania 3.19 (2.78 - 3.66) 4.46 (3.78 - 5.24) 8.12 (7.05 - 9.34) 2.22 (1.77 - 2.79)
Rhode Island 4.50 (3.69 - 5.50) 5.44 (4.21 - 7.01) 12.43 (9.99 - 15.36) 2.94 (2.10 - 4.10)
South Carolina 3.46 (2.78 - 4.31) 5.06 (3.94 - 6.46) 8.62 (6.70 - 11.02) 2.36 (1.67 - 3.34)
South Dakota 2.80 (2.16 - 3.63) 5.33 (4.06 - 6.97) 5.74 (4.16 - 7.86) 1.89 (1.24 - 2.87)
Tennessee 4.71 (3.77 - 5.86) 5.85 (4.58 - 7.45) 11.78 (9.40 - 14.67) 3.40 (2.42 - 4.76)
Texas 3.93 (3.47 - 4.44) 4.68 (3.98 - 5.49) 8.90 (7.72 - 10.22) 2.83 (2.32 - 3.45)
Utah 3.85 (3.08 - 4.80) 5.25 (4.02 - 6.82) 7.03 (5.35 - 9.17) 2.74 (1.94 - 3.87)
Vermont 3.95 (3.22 - 4.84) 5.02 (3.88 - 6.48) 12.27 (9.98 - 15.00) 2.40 (1.67 - 3.43)
Virginia 3.40 (2.71 - 4.25) 4.66 (3.63 - 5.97) 8.74 (6.78 - 11.19) 2.36 (1.66 - 3.33)
Washington 3.92 (3.12 - 4.91) 4.64 (3.55 - 6.03) 10.22 (8.09 - 12.83) 2.76 (1.94 - 3.91)
West Virginia 4.21 (3.42 - 5.17) 5.65 (4.43 - 7.18) 12.17 (9.99 - 14.75) 2.84 (2.04 - 3.95)
Wisconsin 3.18 (2.52 - 4.02) 4.90 (3.77 - 6.33) 7.61 (5.80 - 9.94) 2.17 (1.52 - 3.11)
Wyoming 3.63 (2.92 - 4.50) 5.05 (3.97 - 6.42) 9.16 (7.18 - 11.61) 2.41 (1.71 - 3.38)
71003
Table B.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.37   1.64   6.91   1.67  
Alabama 2.22 (1.65 - 2.97) 1.46 (0.99 - 2.16) 6.14 (4.62 - 8.12) 1.63 (1.05 - 2.53)
Alaska 2.55 (1.89 - 3.42) 1.73 (1.15 - 2.60) 6.82 (5.24 - 8.84) 1.86 (1.14 - 3.03)
Arizona 2.72 (2.10 - 3.52) 2.30 (1.55 - 3.41) 8.16 (6.36 - 10.42) 1.81 (1.18 - 2.77)
Arkansas 2.15 (1.64 - 2.82) 1.65 (1.14 - 2.39) 6.81 (5.25 - 8.80) 1.41 (0.90 - 2.19)
California 2.22 (1.88 - 2.62) 1.62 (1.25 - 2.11) 6.68 (5.71 - 7.79) 1.48 (1.12 - 1.96)
Colorado 2.77 (2.11 - 3.64) 1.94 (1.34 - 2.82) 8.42 (6.53 - 10.81) 1.90 (1.24 - 2.90)
Connecticut 2.72 (2.08 - 3.54) 1.97 (1.37 - 2.83) 8.95 (6.93 - 11.49) 1.85 (1.21 - 2.82)
Delaware 2.40 (1.81 - 3.17) 1.47 (1.00 - 2.14) 6.82 (5.16 - 8.97) 1.76 (1.16 - 2.67)
District of Columbia 4.90 (3.66 - 6.53) 0.59 (0.35 - 0.99) 6.25 (4.69 - 8.30) 5.06 (3.57 - 7.14)
Florida 2.61 (2.20 - 3.09) 1.68 (1.29 - 2.18) 7.93 (6.92 - 9.08) 1.92 (1.47 - 2.50)
Georgia 2.05 (1.51 - 2.79) 1.50 (1.01 - 2.23) 4.89 (3.62 - 6.58) 1.62 (1.03 - 2.54)
Hawaii 1.81 (1.30 - 2.53) 1.38 (0.89 - 2.15) 5.20 (3.79 - 7.10) 1.35 (0.82 - 2.20)
Idaho 2.00 (1.54 - 2.59) 1.64 (1.13 - 2.36) 6.83 (5.24 - 8.85) 1.10 (0.69 - 1.75)
Illinois 2.33 (1.97 - 2.77) 1.58 (1.23 - 2.02) 6.31 (5.42 - 7.34) 1.73 (1.32 - 2.26)
Indiana 2.24 (1.73 - 2.91) 1.54 (1.07 - 2.21) 7.15 (5.59 - 9.11) 1.46 (0.94 - 2.26)
Iowa 1.82 (1.35 - 2.44) 1.91 (1.30 - 2.78) 5.69 (4.19 - 7.68) 1.09 (0.66 - 1.82)
Kansas 2.93 (2.19 - 3.91) 1.69 (1.12 - 2.55) 7.33 (5.51 - 9.68) 2.26 (1.47 - 3.45)
Kentucky 2.14 (1.61 - 2.83) 1.58 (1.08 - 2.30) 6.66 (5.06 - 8.70) 1.47 (0.94 - 2.28)
Louisiana 2.12 (1.56 - 2.88) 1.13 (0.76 - 1.66) 5.23 (3.93 - 6.94) 1.65 (1.03 - 2.64)
Maine 2.18 (1.66 - 2.84) 1.70 (1.18 - 2.46) 7.80 (6.11 - 9.90) 1.39 (0.89 - 2.17)
Maryland 2.10 (1.57 - 2.80) 1.40 (0.96 - 2.04) 5.57 (4.17 - 7.41) 1.63 (1.06 - 2.48)
Massachusetts 3.40 (2.65 - 4.35) 1.67 (1.13 - 2.46) 9.90 (7.89 - 12.35) 2.53 (1.72 - 3.69)
Michigan 2.19 (1.85 - 2.58) 1.51 (1.17 - 1.94) 6.68 (5.76 - 7.73) 1.50 (1.14 - 1.98)
Minnesota 2.30 (1.76 - 3.00) 1.87 (1.31 - 2.66) 6.84 (5.25 - 8.85) 1.53 (0.99 - 2.36)
Mississippi 1.95 (1.40 - 2.71) 1.23 (0.83 - 1.83) 4.23 (3.04 - 5.85) 1.62 (1.02 - 2.58)
Missouri 2.21 (1.70 - 2.86) 1.72 (1.21 - 2.45) 6.83 (5.30 - 8.75) 1.46 (0.96 - 2.22)
Montana 2.53 (1.99 - 3.20) 1.56 (1.04 - 2.32) 8.70 (6.88 - 10.95) 1.55 (1.03 - 2.33)
Nebraska 2.37 (1.82 - 3.06) 1.53 (1.04 - 2.25) 7.59 (5.86 - 9.78) 1.48 (0.95 - 2.29)
Nevada 2.07 (1.56 - 2.75) 1.96 (1.34 - 2.85) 6.75 (5.12 - 8.86) 1.35 (0.85 - 2.12)
New Hampshire 2.45 (1.91 - 3.14) 1.81 (1.24 - 2.64) 9.85 (7.72 - 12.49) 1.36 (0.85 - 2.15)
New Jersey 2.11 (1.58 - 2.80) 1.62 (1.12 - 2.35) 6.26 (4.73 - 8.25) 1.55 (1.01 - 2.37)
New Mexico 2.30 (1.76 - 2.99) 1.97 (1.33 - 2.90) 7.14 (5.45 - 9.30) 1.43 (0.91 - 2.23)
New York 2.81 (2.35 - 3.36) 1.45 (1.11 - 1.89) 7.34 (6.31 - 8.52) 2.22 (1.69 - 2.90)
North Carolina 2.33 (1.77 - 3.06) 1.44 (1.00 - 2.07) 7.06 (5.46 - 9.08) 1.68 (1.10 - 2.56)
North Dakota 1.59 (1.14 - 2.22) 1.59 (1.02 - 2.48) 4.39 (3.06 - 6.27) 0.99 (0.56 - 1.74)
Ohio 2.41 (2.02 - 2.86) 1.49 (1.14 - 1.93) 6.60 (5.70 - 7.64) 1.81 (1.38 - 2.37)
Oklahoma 1.93 (1.45 - 2.57) 1.56 (1.04 - 2.33) 5.47 (4.07 - 7.31) 1.31 (0.84 - 2.04)
Oregon 1.91 (1.42 - 2.57) 2.01 (1.36 - 2.96) 5.93 (4.39 - 7.97) 1.23 (0.75 - 2.00)
Pennsylvania 2.22 (1.85 - 2.65) 1.37 (1.04 - 1.80) 6.65 (5.73 - 7.70) 1.60 (1.19 - 2.14)
Rhode Island 3.50 (2.68 - 4.57) 1.83 (1.24 - 2.68) 9.49 (7.44 - 12.03) 2.62 (1.75 - 3.91)
South Carolina 2.22 (1.67 - 2.94) 1.22 (0.83 - 1.79) 5.88 (4.44 - 7.75) 1.72 (1.13 - 2.61)
South Dakota 1.80 (1.33 - 2.43) 1.67 (1.15 - 2.44) 5.59 (4.17 - 7.46) 1.08 (0.64 - 1.81)
Tennessee 2.74 (2.05 - 3.65) 1.46 (1.00 - 2.11) 7.80 (6.07 - 9.96) 2.07 (1.34 - 3.18)
Texas 2.43 (2.07 - 2.85) 2.12 (1.66 - 2.72) 7.00 (6.01 - 8.13) 1.58 (1.19 - 2.10)
Utah 2.40 (1.84 - 3.14) 1.91 (1.29 - 2.80) 5.69 (4.23 - 7.60) 1.60 (1.03 - 2.47)
Vermont 2.87 (2.27 - 3.63) 1.92 (1.34 - 2.75) 9.55 (7.64 - 11.87) 1.85 (1.25 - 2.72)
Virginia 2.37 (1.82 - 3.08) 1.46 (0.98 - 2.15) 7.67 (5.99 - 9.77) 1.62 (1.05 - 2.47)
Washington 2.47 (1.92 - 3.18) 1.77 (1.22 - 2.56) 8.84 (6.94 - 11.21) 1.48 (0.96 - 2.28)
West Virginia 2.60 (2.04 - 3.30) 2.06 (1.41 - 2.98) 9.82 (7.85 - 12.23) 1.55 (1.01 - 2.38)
Wisconsin 1.84 (1.37 - 2.46) 1.71 (1.17 - 2.48) 5.80 (4.32 - 7.75) 1.15 (0.70 - 1.89)
Wyoming 2.28 (1.78 - 2.91) 1.81 (1.25 - 2.59) 7.42 (5.85 - 9.37) 1.37 (0.88 - 2.13)
71003
Table B.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 5.00   7.01   12.42   3.43  
Alabama 5.30 (4.45 - 6.30) 8.90 (7.15 - 11.02) 14.09 (11.63 - 16.99) 3.30 (2.47 - 4.40)
Alaska 5.47 (4.54 - 6.59) 7.99 (6.25 - 10.16) 11.26 (9.17 - 13.77) 3.92 (2.91 - 5.26)
Arizona 5.65 (4.66 - 6.83) 8.18 (6.44 - 10.34) 12.63 (10.33 - 15.36) 4.05 (3.02 - 5.42)
Arkansas 6.35 (5.34 - 7.53) 9.80 (7.87 - 12.14) 17.33 (14.65 - 20.38) 3.98 (2.95 - 5.34)
California 5.04 (4.49 - 5.65) 6.51 (5.64 - 7.50) 11.17 (9.91 - 12.56) 3.68 (3.06 - 4.42)
Colorado 5.47 (4.55 - 6.56) 7.91 (6.25 - 9.96) 13.00 (10.57 - 15.91) 3.84 (2.90 - 5.06)
Connecticut 5.24 (4.33 - 6.32) 6.46 (5.05 - 8.25) 15.23 (12.52 - 18.41) 3.54 (2.61 - 4.78)
Delaware 5.12 (4.27 - 6.13) 7.98 (6.39 - 9.91) 13.06 (10.69 - 15.84) 3.41 (2.55 - 4.53)
District of Columbia 4.14 (3.35 - 5.11) 5.01 (3.82 - 6.54) 9.07 (7.18 - 11.40) 3.10 (2.27 - 4.22)
Florida 5.18 (4.64 - 5.79) 7.08 (6.14 - 8.15) 13.03 (11.70 - 14.48) 3.78 (3.17 - 4.51)
Georgia 4.75 (3.93 - 5.74) 6.64 (5.22 - 8.43) 11.19 (9.08 - 13.71) 3.33 (2.50 - 4.43)
Hawaii 3.85 (3.04 - 4.86) 5.76 (4.37 - 7.55) 9.92 (7.73 - 12.64) 2.68 (1.85 - 3.85)
Idaho 5.85 (4.95 - 6.89) 7.88 (6.32 - 9.79) 14.65 (12.20 - 17.48) 3.81 (2.90 - 4.98)
Illinois 4.39 (3.90 - 4.95) 5.97 (5.18 - 6.87) 10.34 (9.13 - 11.70) 3.11 (2.56 - 3.78)
Indiana 5.91 (5.01 - 6.95) 7.86 (6.29 - 9.77) 15.96 (13.35 - 18.96) 3.83 (2.92 - 5.00)
Iowa 4.43 (3.66 - 5.34) 6.78 (5.37 - 8.52) 11.52 (9.39 - 14.05) 2.82 (2.07 - 3.84)
Kansas 5.25 (4.35 - 6.33) 7.00 (5.58 - 8.75) 12.66 (10.32 - 15.44) 3.59 (2.67 - 4.81)
Kentucky 5.59 (4.70 - 6.64) 8.83 (7.20 - 10.79) 14.68 (12.19 - 17.57) 3.70 (2.81 - 4.86)
Louisiana 5.69 (4.77 - 6.77) 8.72 (7.03 - 10.78) 13.06 (10.79 - 15.71) 3.79 (2.84 - 5.03)
Maine 4.66 (3.87 - 5.61) 7.28 (5.76 - 9.15) 13.50 (11.19 - 16.19) 3.03 (2.23 - 4.09)
Maryland 3.96 (3.27 - 4.79) 6.11 (4.78 - 7.79) 10.18 (8.20 - 12.58) 2.64 (1.95 - 3.58)
Massachusetts 5.56 (4.63 - 6.66) 6.40 (4.91 - 8.30) 15.72 (13.12 - 18.72) 3.77 (2.84 - 4.98)
Michigan 5.59 (5.08 - 6.14) 7.86 (6.92 - 8.92) 14.23 (12.85 - 15.74) 3.77 (3.20 - 4.43)
Minnesota 4.39 (3.60 - 5.35) 6.31 (4.95 - 8.01) 11.28 (9.12 - 13.88) 2.88 (2.09 - 3.96)
Mississippi 4.33 (3.59 - 5.22) 6.79 (5.35 - 8.59) 10.36 (8.37 - 12.77) 2.82 (2.08 - 3.79)
Missouri 5.16 (4.36 - 6.11) 7.16 (5.76 - 8.87) 13.64 (11.46 - 16.15) 3.39 (2.57 - 4.48)
Montana 5.40 (4.53 - 6.42) 9.63 (7.78 - 11.86) 13.40 (11.05 - 16.17) 3.44 (2.57 - 4.59)
Nebraska 4.68 (3.84 - 5.68) 6.72 (5.30 - 8.47) 10.99 (8.86 - 13.56) 3.18 (2.33 - 4.34)
Nevada 6.15 (5.13 - 7.35) 8.42 (6.65 - 10.60) 16.53 (13.65 - 19.88) 4.20 (3.15 - 5.59)
New Hampshire 4.62 (3.77 - 5.65) 6.93 (5.46 - 8.76) 12.51 (10.13 - 15.35) 3.07 (2.24 - 4.20)
New Jersey 3.93 (3.20 - 4.83) 5.84 (4.55 - 7.47) 9.93 (7.94 - 12.36) 2.78 (2.02 - 3.81)
New Mexico 5.42 (4.49 - 6.51) 8.11 (6.29 - 10.39) 12.17 (9.90 - 14.89) 3.73 (2.77 - 5.01)
New York 4.30 (3.79 - 4.88) 5.93 (5.07 - 6.92) 10.19 (8.99 - 11.54) 3.09 (2.52 - 3.79)
North Carolina 4.81 (4.00 - 5.79) 7.20 (5.71 - 9.04) 12.23 (10.11 - 14.72) 3.29 (2.45 - 4.41)
North Dakota 4.21 (3.42 - 5.18) 6.21 (4.84 - 7.94) 9.13 (7.25 - 11.44) 2.90 (2.10 - 4.01)
Ohio 5.08 (4.59 - 5.63) 7.26 (6.36 - 8.28) 13.79 (12.49 - 15.19) 3.30 (2.75 - 3.95)
Oklahoma 6.72 (5.58 - 8.07) 9.70 (7.72 - 12.12) 14.40 (11.85 - 17.38) 4.87 (3.66 - 6.44)
Oregon 5.35 (4.44 - 6.44) 8.05 (6.34 - 10.16) 13.01 (10.59 - 15.87) 3.75 (2.83 - 4.97)
Pennsylvania 4.10 (3.62 - 4.65) 5.91 (5.08 - 6.88) 11.12 (9.89 - 12.47) 2.72 (2.19 - 3.38)
Rhode Island 5.50 (4.61 - 6.54) 6.50 (5.05 - 8.33) 15.84 (13.12 - 19.00) 3.48 (2.61 - 4.62)
South Carolina 4.86 (4.08 - 5.78) 6.81 (5.39 - 8.57) 13.17 (10.95 - 15.77) 3.16 (2.36 - 4.22)
South Dakota 3.91 (3.17 - 4.81) 5.74 (4.37 - 7.50) 9.65 (7.70 - 12.04) 2.55 (1.81 - 3.59)
Tennessee 6.23 (5.23 - 7.41) 8.93 (7.24 - 10.96) 16.96 (14.25 - 20.07) 4.13 (3.10 - 5.47)
Texas 4.79 (4.32 - 5.32) 6.73 (5.85 - 7.74) 11.45 (10.17 - 12.88) 3.19 (2.66 - 3.82)
Utah 6.21 (5.24 - 7.34) 7.79 (6.09 - 9.90) 12.47 (10.16 - 15.22) 4.23 (3.23 - 5.52)
Vermont 5.13 (4.30 - 6.10) 7.22 (5.74 - 9.05) 14.74 (12.36 - 17.50) 3.22 (2.38 - 4.35)
Virginia 4.58 (3.79 - 5.53) 6.71 (5.31 - 8.44) 12.18 (9.99 - 14.76) 3.06 (2.25 - 4.13)
Washington 6.13 (5.11 - 7.34) 8.04 (6.39 - 10.07) 15.96 (13.31 - 19.01) 4.22 (3.16 - 5.61)
West Virginia 5.69 (4.81 - 6.72) 8.93 (7.20 - 11.03) 17.20 (14.63 - 20.11) 3.58 (2.69 - 4.75)
Wisconsin 4.82 (3.98 - 5.82) 7.10 (5.66 - 8.88) 12.03 (9.76 - 14.76) 3.24 (2.42 - 4.32)
Wyoming 5.14 (4.29 - 6.15) 7.61 (6.05 - 9.54) 12.39 (10.25 - 14.89) 3.46 (2.56 - 4.66)
71003
Table B.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 51.37   16.58   61.42   54.35  
Alabama 42.45 (39.20 - 45.77) 16.13 (13.81 - 18.76) 53.40 (49.51 - 57.25) 44.05 (40.01 - 48.16)
Alaska 52.74 (49.65 - 55.80) 15.02 (12.67 - 17.73) 57.95 (54.08 - 61.73) 58.23 (54.26 - 62.10)
Arizona 54.37 (51.04 - 57.67) 17.40 (14.71 - 20.46) 60.62 (56.49 - 64.60) 58.45 (54.30 - 62.49)
Arkansas 42.61 (39.30 - 45.98) 17.79 (15.30 - 20.59) 54.15 (50.24 - 58.00) 43.89 (39.81 - 48.06)
California 50.33 (48.59 - 52.07) 14.70 (13.34 - 16.17) 58.12 (56.01 - 60.21) 54.21 (52.03 - 56.39)
Colorado 58.59 (55.48 - 61.63) 18.27 (15.66 - 21.21) 68.84 (64.92 - 72.51) 62.12 (58.27 - 65.83)
Connecticut 60.77 (57.22 - 64.20) 20.21 (17.57 - 23.14) 71.81 (67.99 - 75.33) 64.42 (60.06 - 68.55)
Delaware 51.51 (48.37 - 54.64) 16.27 (13.97 - 18.85) 63.53 (59.74 - 67.16) 53.97 (50.05 - 57.84)
District of Columbia 60.25 (57.12 - 63.30) 13.39 (11.21 - 15.93) 72.22 (68.39 - 75.76) 62.58 (58.75 - 66.27)
Florida 53.43 (51.67 - 55.18) 16.62 (15.21 - 18.13) 58.51 (56.39 - 60.61) 57.06 (54.90 - 59.19)
Georgia 44.85 (41.50 - 48.25) 14.41 (12.20 - 16.95) 53.04 (49.03 - 57.02) 47.71 (43.53 - 51.93)
Hawaii 46.70 (43.09 - 50.35) 13.28 (11.08 - 15.83) 58.06 (53.52 - 62.46) 49.21 (44.80 - 53.63)
Idaho 46.52 (43.29 - 49.79) 16.14 (13.77 - 18.83) 51.12 (47.15 - 55.08) 50.15 (46.02 - 54.28)
Illinois 52.47 (50.81 - 54.14) 17.14 (15.74 - 18.64) 64.86 (62.81 - 66.85) 55.15 (53.07 - 57.21)
Indiana 49.40 (46.26 - 52.54) 14.57 (12.39 - 17.06) 61.56 (57.77 - 65.22) 52.05 (48.09 - 55.99)
Iowa 53.09 (50.07 - 56.08) 18.36 (15.82 - 21.21) 67.04 (63.23 - 70.63) 55.02 (51.23 - 58.75)
Kansas 53.19 (50.08 - 56.27) 19.43 (16.89 - 22.26) 67.06 (63.14 - 70.75) 55.19 (51.31 - 59.01)
Kentucky 42.47 (39.40 - 45.60) 15.84 (13.65 - 18.31) 55.53 (51.66 - 59.33) 43.68 (39.92 - 47.51)
Louisiana 49.07 (45.67 - 52.48) 17.56 (15.14 - 20.28) 57.67 (53.60 - 61.63) 51.93 (47.61 - 56.22)
Maine 54.76 (51.49 - 58.00) 18.99 (16.45 - 21.82) 66.71 (62.88 - 70.32) 57.27 (53.26 - 61.18)
Maryland 53.14 (49.96 - 56.30) 15.22 (13.01 - 17.75) 62.85 (59.05 - 66.49) 56.76 (52.82 - 60.63)
Massachusetts 57.85 (54.62 - 61.02) 17.58 (15.09 - 20.38) 70.32 (66.61 - 73.78) 60.71 (56.72 - 64.56)
Michigan 56.20 (54.52 - 57.86) 16.30 (14.90 - 17.82) 68.55 (66.65 - 70.39) 59.70 (57.57 - 61.79)
Minnesota 61.74 (58.70 - 64.70) 18.49 (15.93 - 21.36) 71.94 (68.52 - 75.12) 65.69 (61.84 - 69.34)
Mississippi 36.93 (33.90 - 40.08) 14.33 (12.22 - 16.72) 47.16 (43.10 - 51.25) 38.25 (34.46 - 42.19)
Missouri 49.91 (46.63 - 53.20) 17.55 (15.07 - 20.33) 65.72 (62.02 - 69.23) 51.48 (47.37 - 55.57)
Montana 56.71 (53.49 - 59.88) 21.86 (19.05 - 24.96) 70.40 (66.78 - 73.79) 58.73 (54.70 - 62.65)
Nebraska 54.03 (50.80 - 57.21) 18.89 (16.33 - 21.75) 70.80 (67.14 - 74.20) 55.59 (51.50 - 59.61)
Nevada 52.00 (48.62 - 55.36) 16.00 (13.54 - 18.82) 60.17 (56.09 - 64.12) 55.49 (51.32 - 59.58)
New Hampshire 60.79 (57.66 - 63.84) 18.23 (15.80 - 20.95) 71.10 (67.30 - 74.62) 64.76 (60.86 - 68.47)
New Jersey 56.47 (53.11 - 59.78) 19.72 (17.14 - 22.59) 66.55 (62.56 - 70.32) 59.80 (55.65 - 63.82)
New Mexico 45.83 (42.41 - 49.28) 17.18 (14.68 - 20.01) 58.17 (54.15 - 62.09) 47.66 (43.35 - 52.01)
New York 54.75 (53.00 - 56.48) 19.36 (17.80 - 21.03) 64.22 (61.98 - 66.39) 57.68 (55.49 - 59.84)
North Carolina 43.58 (40.30 - 46.92) 14.44 (12.28 - 16.91) 54.83 (50.99 - 58.62) 45.60 (41.57 - 49.69)
North Dakota 58.24 (54.86 - 61.54) 19.57 (17.01 - 22.42) 73.44 (69.89 - 76.71) 59.93 (55.61 - 64.10)
Ohio 51.57 (49.88 - 53.26) 17.25 (15.90 - 18.69) 66.13 (64.16 - 68.04) 53.69 (51.55 - 55.81)
Oklahoma 41.85 (38.52 - 45.25) 15.89 (13.40 - 18.73) 53.31 (49.05 - 57.52) 43.18 (39.04 - 47.42)
Oregon 54.67 (51.56 - 57.75) 18.43 (15.80 - 21.39) 60.71 (56.58 - 64.69) 58.18 (54.40 - 61.87)
Pennsylvania 52.30 (50.59 - 54.00) 16.29 (14.90 - 17.77) 63.44 (61.48 - 65.36) 55.06 (52.92 - 57.19)
Rhode Island 61.23 (58.02 - 64.34) 20.20 (17.33 - 23.41) 74.20 (70.65 - 77.46) 64.05 (60.09 - 67.83)
South Carolina 45.26 (42.08 - 48.48) 14.22 (12.15 - 16.58) 55.08 (51.10 - 59.00) 47.73 (43.79 - 51.70)
South Dakota 58.70 (55.56 - 61.78) 18.40 (15.80 - 21.32) 74.06 (70.39 - 77.42) 61.29 (57.31 - 65.12)
Tennessee 42.41 (38.94 - 45.96) 13.75 (11.57 - 16.25) 55.00 (51.12 - 58.83) 43.96 (39.68 - 48.32)
Texas 49.49 (47.83 - 51.14) 16.51 (15.07 - 18.07) 59.46 (57.36 - 61.53) 52.57 (50.45 - 54.69)
Utah 32.40 (29.34 - 35.62) 11.46 (9.07 - 14.39) 36.89 (32.94 - 41.03) 34.77 (30.69 - 39.10)
Vermont 60.42 (57.08 - 63.67) 20.43 (17.78 - 23.36) 73.03 (69.64 - 76.18) 63.29 (59.13 - 67.25)
Virginia 51.86 (48.53 - 55.16) 15.01 (12.77 - 17.56) 61.12 (57.32 - 64.79) 55.14 (51.03 - 59.19)
Washington 54.45 (51.21 - 57.66) 17.22 (14.83 - 19.90) 66.06 (62.10 - 69.80) 57.38 (53.35 - 61.30)
West Virginia 36.40 (33.24 - 39.68) 16.63 (14.18 - 19.40) 54.11 (50.35 - 57.83) 35.91 (32.07 - 39.93)
Wisconsin 63.14 (60.04 - 66.12) 19.31 (16.68 - 22.24) 71.36 (67.55 - 74.89) 67.46 (63.59 - 71.10)
Wyoming 56.36 (53.11 - 59.55) 20.45 (17.78 - 23.41) 70.59 (67.00 - 73.95) 58.37 (54.24 - 62.38)
71003
Table B.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 22.82   10.10   42.02   21.20  
Alabama 18.74 (16.53 - 21.17) 9.08 (7.35 - 11.16) 33.77 (30.19 - 37.55) 17.42 (14.81 - 20.37)
Alaska 21.58 (19.31 - 24.03) 9.86 (7.81 - 12.38) 35.89 (32.31 - 39.63) 20.84 (18.01 - 23.97)
Arizona 22.87 (20.56 - 25.36) 10.73 (8.73 - 13.13) 40.85 (36.89 - 44.94) 21.38 (18.60 - 24.46)
Arkansas 20.71 (18.46 - 23.15) 11.83 (9.68 - 14.38) 38.19 (34.48 - 42.04) 18.84 (16.16 - 21.85)
California 20.81 (19.57 - 22.11) 9.23 (8.14 - 10.43) 37.75 (35.74 - 39.80) 19.41 (17.86 - 21.06)
Colorado 24.68 (22.27 - 27.27) 11.10 (9.08 - 13.52) 47.24 (43.13 - 51.38) 22.56 (19.68 - 25.72)
Connecticut 25.14 (22.65 - 27.79) 11.89 (9.73 - 14.46) 49.83 (45.46 - 54.20) 23.08 (20.16 - 26.29)
Delaware 21.29 (19.14 - 23.60) 9.64 (7.51 - 12.29) 42.59 (38.69 - 46.58) 19.14 (16.60 - 21.95)
District of Columbia 28.32 (25.71 - 31.08) 7.28 (5.51 - 9.55) 50.58 (46.46 - 54.69) 26.10 (23.01 - 29.45)
Florida 22.34 (21.04 - 23.70) 9.36 (8.32 - 10.52) 38.13 (36.18 - 40.12) 21.52 (19.93 - 23.21)
Georgia 19.65 (17.39 - 22.13) 8.14 (6.62 - 9.97) 35.21 (31.53 - 39.06) 18.51 (15.77 - 21.59)
Hawaii 21.41 (18.98 - 24.06) 9.18 (7.25 - 11.56) 40.37 (36.21 - 44.68) 20.06 (17.16 - 23.32)
Idaho 21.89 (19.63 - 24.33) 10.71 (8.79 - 13.00) 37.51 (33.91 - 41.25) 20.48 (17.70 - 23.56)
Illinois 25.46 (24.06 - 26.92) 10.46 (9.35 - 11.70) 46.27 (44.14 - 48.42) 23.81 (22.05 - 25.67)
Indiana 21.10 (18.99 - 23.39) 9.03 (7.40 - 10.98) 41.05 (37.32 - 44.89) 19.19 (16.66 - 22.01)
Iowa 27.14 (24.77 - 29.64) 11.39 (9.37 - 13.77) 50.85 (46.91 - 54.77) 24.83 (21.99 - 27.91)
Kansas 25.43 (23.06 - 27.95) 13.35 (11.14 - 15.91) 47.82 (43.69 - 51.98) 22.81 (19.97 - 25.93)
Kentucky 21.79 (19.64 - 24.11) 10.10 (8.30 - 12.24) 38.77 (35.00 - 42.67) 20.48 (17.92 - 23.29)
Louisiana 23.53 (21.10 - 26.15) 10.43 (8.48 - 12.77) 36.79 (33.13 - 40.60) 22.80 (19.81 - 26.10)
Maine 22.43 (20.12 - 24.93) 11.13 (9.14 - 13.48) 45.82 (41.93 - 49.77) 20.28 (17.58 - 23.28)
Maryland 20.20 (18.13 - 22.44) 8.94 (7.31 - 10.88) 37.50 (33.73 - 41.43) 18.91 (16.44 - 21.66)
Massachusetts 25.01 (22.70 - 27.47) 11.34 (9.28 - 13.79) 52.44 (48.43 - 56.41) 22.13 (19.40 - 25.14)
Michigan 25.37 (24.10 - 26.68) 9.91 (8.86 - 11.08) 47.92 (45.83 - 50.02) 23.64 (22.05 - 25.31)
Minnesota 27.86 (25.37 - 30.50) 12.75 (10.66 - 15.18) 50.35 (46.43 - 54.26) 25.80 (22.74 - 29.12)
Mississippi 18.40 (16.32 - 20.67) 7.93 (6.34 - 9.87) 31.84 (28.19 - 35.73) 17.33 (14.83 - 20.16)
Missouri 23.86 (21.50 - 26.39) 10.77 (8.95 - 12.91) 46.90 (43.22 - 50.60) 21.55 (18.70 - 24.70)
Montana 28.57 (26.01 - 31.28) 15.25 (12.77 - 18.12) 54.85 (51.04 - 58.60) 25.60 (22.49 - 28.99)
Nebraska 26.69 (24.26 - 29.28) 12.33 (10.27 - 14.75) 49.97 (46.06 - 53.87) 24.17 (21.20 - 27.42)
Nevada 23.75 (21.28 - 26.41) 10.26 (8.25 - 12.70) 42.40 (38.40 - 46.51) 22.59 (19.66 - 25.82)
New Hampshire 23.83 (21.53 - 26.29) 11.12 (9.14 - 13.46) 50.98 (46.96 - 54.99) 21.20 (18.48 - 24.20)
New Jersey 22.29 (19.91 - 24.86) 11.75 (9.69 - 14.17) 45.17 (41.29 - 49.11) 20.24 (17.43 - 23.38)
New Mexico 20.30 (18.05 - 22.76) 10.02 (8.06 - 12.39) 37.43 (33.81 - 41.20) 18.54 (15.82 - 21.62)
New York 23.47 (22.08 - 24.92) 11.67 (10.47 - 13.00) 43.77 (41.62 - 45.95) 21.53 (19.85 - 23.31)
North Carolina 19.46 (17.28 - 21.85) 8.56 (6.94 - 10.53) 35.79 (32.28 - 39.46) 18.24 (15.62 - 21.19)
North Dakota 30.32 (27.79 - 32.98) 12.71 (10.45 - 15.38) 56.49 (52.60 - 60.31) 26.99 (23.88 - 30.34)
Ohio 24.45 (23.17 - 25.78) 10.49 (9.41 - 11.67) 47.30 (45.35 - 49.26) 22.40 (20.81 - 24.07)
Oklahoma 21.14 (18.94 - 23.54) 10.26 (8.24 - 12.72) 37.08 (33.27 - 41.06) 19.60 (16.95 - 22.54)
Oregon 21.61 (19.47 - 23.91) 11.37 (9.39 - 13.70) 39.52 (35.45 - 43.73) 19.92 (17.42 - 22.69)
Pennsylvania 23.09 (21.79 - 24.44) 10.01 (8.95 - 11.18) 45.09 (43.05 - 47.16) 21.14 (19.55 - 22.83)
Rhode Island 27.12 (24.60 - 29.81) 11.14 (9.06 - 13.63) 51.19 (47.15 - 55.22) 24.75 (21.72 - 28.06)
South Carolina 20.88 (18.68 - 23.25) 7.93 (6.41 - 9.77) 36.71 (33.00 - 40.59) 19.88 (17.25 - 22.79)
South Dakota 28.14 (25.68 - 30.74) 11.44 (9.43 - 13.82) 51.78 (47.92 - 55.62) 25.88 (22.88 - 29.12)
Tennessee 20.52 (18.23 - 23.02) 7.71 (6.18 - 9.58) 39.91 (35.98 - 43.99) 18.95 (16.23 - 22.00)
Texas 24.06 (22.79 - 25.37) 9.88 (8.80 - 11.07) 40.99 (38.92 - 43.09) 22.90 (21.31 - 24.57)
Utah 17.38 (15.22 - 19.77) 7.99 (6.21 - 10.22) 28.31 (24.75 - 32.17) 16.04 (13.32 - 19.19)
Vermont 25.99 (23.67 - 28.45) 12.87 (10.62 - 15.51) 53.20 (49.46 - 56.91) 22.99 (20.19 - 26.06)
Virginia 21.79 (19.59 - 24.16) 8.97 (7.27 - 11.02) 41.07 (37.24 - 45.01) 20.29 (17.67 - 23.19)
Washington 22.80 (20.48 - 25.29) 10.93 (8.99 - 13.23) 41.24 (37.31 - 45.28) 21.23 (18.46 - 24.29)
West Virginia 18.90 (16.88 - 21.11) 10.04 (8.20 - 12.24) 40.93 (37.33 - 44.64) 16.53 (14.15 - 19.21)
Wisconsin 29.41 (26.86 - 32.11) 12.02 (10.05 - 14.32) 53.60 (49.36 - 57.78) 27.42 (24.30 - 30.77)
Wyoming 25.21 (22.83 - 27.75) 13.08 (10.74 - 15.84) 49.58 (45.83 - 53.34) 22.23 (19.35 - 25.40)
71003
Table B.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 41.69   38.90   32.72   43.64  
Alabama 44.95 (41.68 - 48.27) 42.33 (38.58 - 46.17) 35.58 (32.09 - 39.23) 46.92 (42.86 - 51.02)
Alaska 36.96 (34.03 - 39.99) 34.87 (31.09 - 38.85) 27.92 (24.67 - 31.42) 39.07 (35.26 - 43.02)
Arizona 40.47 (37.22 - 43.80) 35.94 (32.21 - 39.85) 32.44 (29.01 - 36.08) 42.52 (38.41 - 46.75)
Arkansas 43.04 (39.98 - 46.16) 39.53 (36.04 - 43.13) 34.48 (30.94 - 38.20) 45.00 (41.18 - 48.88)
California 45.59 (43.95 - 47.23) 40.68 (38.75 - 42.65) 39.46 (37.42 - 41.54) 47.45 (45.35 - 49.57)
Colorado 37.93 (34.86 - 41.09) 33.23 (29.72 - 36.94) 29.82 (26.31 - 33.60) 39.95 (36.20 - 43.82)
Connecticut 39.98 (36.70 - 43.35) 35.60 (32.25 - 39.10) 30.63 (27.07 - 34.43) 42.00 (37.94 - 46.18)
Delaware 41.38 (38.36 - 44.47) 39.29 (35.84 - 42.86) 31.13 (27.42 - 35.10) 43.40 (39.65 - 47.24)
District of Columbia 42.72 (39.80 - 45.69) 43.67 (39.89 - 47.53) 31.68 (27.71 - 35.93) 44.76 (41.17 - 48.40)
Florida 44.12 (42.36 - 45.89) 39.08 (37.14 - 41.06) 38.59 (36.72 - 40.50) 45.55 (43.38 - 47.73)
Georgia 47.50 (44.14 - 50.89) 45.04 (41.25 - 48.90) 37.70 (33.99 - 41.56) 49.61 (45.40 - 53.81)
Hawaii 42.05 (38.63 - 45.55) 41.48 (37.72 - 45.34) 33.98 (30.08 - 38.11) 43.36 (39.18 - 47.64)
Idaho 40.01 (36.97 - 43.12) 38.21 (34.72 - 41.84) 31.08 (27.67 - 34.70) 42.04 (38.19 - 45.98)
Illinois 38.86 (37.26 - 40.48) 37.84 (35.86 - 39.86) 31.05 (29.11 - 33.05) 40.40 (38.37 - 42.46)
Indiana 40.04 (37.11 - 43.05) 37.33 (33.95 - 40.83) 30.23 (27.12 - 33.53) 42.19 (38.51 - 45.96)
Iowa 35.20 (32.40 - 38.10) 35.17 (31.80 - 38.69) 23.46 (20.47 - 26.73) 37.35 (33.89 - 40.95)
Kansas 39.64 (36.62 - 42.74) 37.90 (34.46 - 41.47) 25.29 (21.95 - 28.94) 42.62 (38.81 - 46.53)
Kentucky 42.07 (39.01 - 45.20) 36.64 (33.27 - 40.14) 32.23 (28.70 - 35.97) 44.37 (40.56 - 48.24)
Louisiana 43.89 (40.70 - 47.13) 42.82 (39.16 - 46.57) 39.62 (35.81 - 43.56) 44.89 (40.85 - 48.99)
Maine 38.36 (35.29 - 41.53) 34.10 (30.69 - 37.69) 22.34 (19.36 - 25.64) 41.27 (37.48 - 45.17)
Maryland 44.50 (41.45 - 47.60) 40.09 (36.54 - 43.74) 35.42 (31.77 - 39.25) 46.60 (42.81 - 50.44)
Massachusetts 34.66 (31.73 - 37.72) 34.33 (30.87 - 37.97) 26.88 (23.71 - 30.30) 36.00 (32.34 - 39.82)
Michigan 38.21 (36.64 - 39.81) 38.01 (36.17 - 39.89) 28.75 (26.97 - 30.61) 39.88 (37.88 - 41.92)
Minnesota 33.54 (30.71 - 36.49) 33.61 (30.22 - 37.18) 23.14 (20.19 - 26.36) 35.43 (31.89 - 39.13)
Mississippi 47.25 (44.14 - 50.37) 44.52 (40.93 - 48.17) 38.22 (34.48 - 42.11) 49.38 (45.45 - 53.31)
Missouri 39.86 (36.76 - 43.05) 37.33 (34.00 - 40.78) 26.56 (23.35 - 30.04) 42.56 (38.64 - 46.58)
Montana 35.99 (33.00 - 39.10) 32.77 (29.32 - 36.43) 25.02 (21.89 - 28.44) 38.35 (34.62 - 42.23)
Nebraska 37.04 (34.09 - 40.08) 36.36 (32.95 - 39.91) 24.93 (21.82 - 28.33) 39.46 (35.73 - 43.31)
Nevada 41.61 (38.46 - 44.82) 37.35 (33.71 - 41.15) 36.38 (32.55 - 40.39) 43.00 (39.17 - 46.93)
New Hampshire 34.07 (31.20 - 37.06) 32.76 (29.48 - 36.21) 23.13 (20.00 - 26.58) 35.97 (32.45 - 39.66)
New Jersey 42.85 (39.67 - 46.10) 36.49 (33.04 - 40.08) 34.03 (30.21 - 38.08) 45.02 (41.13 - 48.97)
New Mexico 47.63 (44.54 - 50.74) 40.10 (36.33 - 43.99) 38.13 (34.36 - 42.04) 50.55 (46.60 - 54.48)
New York 42.65 (40.95 - 44.36) 39.57 (37.52 - 41.66) 31.42 (29.34 - 33.57) 44.95 (42.83 - 47.10)
North Carolina 45.51 (42.05 - 49.01) 40.21 (36.52 - 44.02) 30.61 (27.29 - 34.14) 48.64 (44.30 - 52.99)
North Dakota 33.77 (30.88 - 36.78) 33.10 (29.90 - 36.46) 23.33 (20.26 - 26.71) 36.08 (32.36 - 39.97)
Ohio 37.79 (36.23 - 39.37) 37.79 (35.87 - 39.76) 29.15 (27.40 - 30.97) 39.27 (37.29 - 41.30)
Oklahoma 42.78 (39.62 - 46.00) 39.17 (35.29 - 43.19) 33.48 (29.88 - 37.28) 45.03 (41.03 - 49.09)
Oregon 39.13 (36.18 - 42.17) 36.51 (32.95 - 40.22) 29.54 (25.92 - 33.45) 41.05 (37.44 - 44.76)
Pennsylvania 37.82 (36.21 - 39.45) 38.28 (36.39 - 40.20) 27.67 (25.92 - 29.49) 39.43 (37.38 - 41.51)
Rhode Island 39.09 (35.93 - 42.34) 36.97 (33.22 - 40.90) 27.35 (23.98 - 31.01) 41.51 (37.59 - 45.53)
South Carolina 44.23 (41.09 - 47.42) 42.48 (39.03 - 46.00) 35.40 (31.89 - 39.08) 45.99 (42.08 - 49.96)
South Dakota 34.05 (31.21 - 37.01) 34.59 (31.20 - 38.14) 22.33 (19.32 - 25.66) 36.24 (32.65 - 39.99)
Tennessee 41.82 (38.60 - 45.11) 39.41 (36.13 - 42.79) 33.16 (29.67 - 36.85) 43.55 (39.56 - 47.63)
Texas 44.41 (42.79 - 46.03) 41.13 (39.17 - 43.12) 34.69 (32.75 - 36.69) 46.81 (44.72 - 48.92)
Utah 46.77 (43.47 - 50.10) 46.44 (41.98 - 50.97) 39.62 (35.49 - 43.90) 48.76 (44.30 - 53.24)
Vermont 34.82 (31.87 - 37.88) 31.60 (28.28 - 35.12) 21.35 (18.58 - 24.42) 37.52 (33.86 - 41.33)
Virginia 42.81 (39.74 - 45.94) 40.20 (36.70 - 43.79) 33.36 (29.89 - 37.03) 44.71 (40.90 - 48.59)
Washington 37.42 (34.49 - 40.44) 34.81 (31.35 - 38.42) 28.62 (25.25 - 32.26) 39.25 (35.67 - 42.96)
West Virginia 44.62 (41.36 - 47.92) 38.72 (35.32 - 42.22) 31.64 (28.21 - 35.28) 47.25 (43.25 - 51.30)
Wisconsin 32.86 (29.97 - 35.88) 34.24 (30.77 - 37.89) 24.34 (21.24 - 27.73) 34.19 (30.61 - 37.95)
Wyoming 37.23 (34.14 - 40.43) 34.51 (31.11 - 38.07) 25.51 (22.20 - 29.12) 39.78 (35.89 - 43.79)
71003
Table B.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 28.29   18.87  
Alabama 25.50 (22.87 - 28.33) 15.46 (13.54 - 17.60)
Alaska 27.56 (25.06 - 30.21) 18.61 (16.37 - 21.08)
Arizona 28.54 (25.74 - 31.50) 19.04 (16.73 - 21.59)
Arkansas 28.66 (26.01 - 31.47) 19.39 (17.14 - 21.86)
California 25.79 (24.32 - 27.32) 16.65 (15.38 - 17.99)
Colorado 31.77 (29.03 - 34.63) 20.62 (18.26 - 23.21)
Connecticut 31.70 (28.84 - 34.71) 21.19 (18.79 - 23.82)
Delaware 29.58 (26.74 - 32.59) 19.10 (16.61 - 21.86)
District of Columbia 29.76 (26.61 - 33.11) 18.92 (16.40 - 21.73)
Florida 27.35 (25.89 - 28.86) 17.49 (16.28 - 18.77)
Georgia 24.80 (22.33 - 27.45) 15.23 (13.36 - 17.32)
Hawaii 23.45 (20.83 - 26.29) 16.96 (14.74 - 19.43)
Idaho 25.26 (22.41 - 28.35) 18.32 (16.00 - 20.90)
Illinois 28.62 (27.16 - 30.12) 19.48 (18.19 - 20.84)
Indiana 26.91 (24.33 - 29.64) 18.52 (16.40 - 20.85)
Iowa 31.99 (29.24 - 34.87) 23.46 (21.03 - 26.07)
Kansas 32.38 (29.56 - 35.32) 23.98 (21.44 - 26.72)
Kentucky 27.26 (24.76 - 29.91) 18.45 (16.36 - 20.74)
Louisiana 28.05 (25.40 - 30.87) 16.79 (14.69 - 19.11)
Maine 32.30 (29.56 - 35.16) 22.07 (19.67 - 24.67)
Maryland 26.27 (23.81 - 28.89) 15.72 (13.76 - 17.90)
Massachusetts 31.97 (29.26 - 34.80) 23.42 (21.05 - 25.96)
Michigan 29.23 (27.78 - 30.72) 20.21 (18.99 - 21.48)
Minnesota 31.61 (28.94 - 34.41) 22.93 (20.55 - 25.50)
Mississippi 23.58 (21.10 - 26.26) 15.49 (13.49 - 17.74)
Missouri 30.38 (27.87 - 33.02) 20.40 (18.24 - 22.74)
Montana 34.30 (31.45 - 37.27) 25.98 (23.40 - 28.73)
Nebraska 33.37 (30.72 - 36.12) 23.62 (21.31 - 26.11)
Nevada 27.89 (25.23 - 30.72) 18.90 (16.69 - 21.32)
New Hampshire 32.46 (29.75 - 35.30) 22.79 (20.51 - 25.25)
New Jersey 32.32 (29.62 - 35.14) 20.68 (18.28 - 23.30)
New Mexico 27.71 (24.89 - 30.73) 17.97 (15.71 - 20.49)
New York 31.30 (29.70 - 32.94) 20.72 (19.32 - 22.20)
North Carolina 24.11 (21.60 - 26.82) 15.74 (13.82 - 17.87)
North Dakota 37.59 (34.83 - 40.43) 28.46 (25.95 - 31.11)
Ohio 30.28 (28.84 - 31.76) 21.15 (19.88 - 22.48)
Oklahoma 24.37 (21.72 - 27.24) 17.18 (14.93 - 19.69)
Oregon 29.27 (26.51 - 32.20) 19.22 (16.89 - 21.78)
Pennsylvania 28.76 (27.31 - 30.25) 19.77 (18.51 - 21.08)
Rhode Island 36.15 (33.17 - 39.25) 23.62 (21.21 - 26.21)
South Carolina 24.18 (21.64 - 26.92) 15.48 (13.54 - 17.64)
South Dakota 34.10 (31.29 - 37.03) 23.66 (21.21 - 26.30)
Tennessee 24.36 (21.94 - 26.95) 15.78 (13.76 - 18.03)
Texas 27.20 (25.71 - 28.75) 17.56 (16.29 - 18.90)
Utah 21.46 (18.61 - 24.62) 16.99 (14.53 - 19.77)
Vermont 38.29 (35.41 - 41.24) 28.02 (25.51 - 30.69)
Virginia 27.60 (25.09 - 30.26) 18.52 (16.48 - 20.76)
Washington 30.50 (27.90 - 33.24) 20.32 (18.05 - 22.80)
West Virginia 28.10 (25.48 - 30.88) 19.60 (17.36 - 22.06)
Wisconsin 35.43 (32.74 - 38.22) 25.12 (22.66 - 27.75)
Wyoming 34.20 (31.42 - 37.09) 23.95 (21.37 - 26.74)
71003
Table B.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Tobacco Products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 29.51   13.00   44.10   29.21  
Alabama 33.58 (30.77 - 36.51) 15.29 (12.92 - 18.02) 45.76 (42.05 - 49.52) 33.89 (30.38 - 37.59)
Alaska 29.85 (27.42 - 32.39) 15.10 (12.62 - 17.96) 47.51 (43.77 - 51.29) 28.99 (25.91 - 32.26)
Arizona 28.02 (25.33 - 30.88) 13.52 (11.19 - 16.24) 41.69 (37.85 - 45.63) 27.63 (24.33 - 31.19)
Arkansas 35.69 (32.71 - 38.79) 16.46 (13.99 - 19.28) 50.82 (47.05 - 54.59) 35.60 (31.91 - 39.48)
California 22.62 (21.26 - 24.05) 9.47 (8.35 - 10.72) 34.35 (32.40 - 36.35) 22.42 (20.69 - 24.24)
Colorado 26.47 (23.97 - 29.14) 14.35 (12.06 - 17.00) 46.11 (41.92 - 50.36) 24.67 (21.64 - 27.96)
Connecticut 25.35 (22.72 - 28.17) 12.53 (10.44 - 14.97) 47.49 (43.31 - 51.72) 23.63 (20.44 - 27.14)
Delaware 28.26 (25.68 - 30.99) 12.54 (10.47 - 14.95) 42.14 (38.17 - 46.22) 27.89 (24.75 - 31.27)
District of Columbia 28.72 (26.20 - 31.38) 9.29 (7.46 - 11.51) 39.55 (35.75 - 43.48) 28.55 (25.48 - 31.84)
Florida 28.14 (26.58 - 29.75) 11.49 (10.29 - 12.82) 41.25 (39.29 - 43.23) 28.15 (26.24 - 30.15)
Georgia 29.28 (26.60 - 32.11) 12.20 (10.27 - 14.43) 40.53 (36.68 - 44.49) 29.69 (26.36 - 33.26)
Hawaii 22.20 (19.64 - 24.98) 8.96 (7.12 - 11.22) 36.69 (32.76 - 40.80) 21.66 (18.57 - 25.10)
Idaho 27.81 (25.26 - 30.51) 12.45 (10.25 - 15.04) 41.94 (38.06 - 45.92) 27.32 (24.12 - 30.77)
Illinois 30.09 (28.60 - 31.63) 12.70 (11.44 - 14.09) 45.39 (43.37 - 47.42) 29.77 (27.88 - 31.72)
Indiana 33.36 (30.74 - 36.10) 14.02 (11.92 - 16.42) 48.90 (45.16 - 52.65) 33.25 (29.96 - 36.72)
Iowa 31.43 (28.98 - 34.00) 15.81 (13.42 - 18.54) 50.21 (46.38 - 54.04) 30.01 (26.99 - 33.22)
Kansas 32.92 (30.30 - 35.64) 15.94 (13.55 - 18.68) 48.46 (44.43 - 52.52) 32.28 (29.06 - 35.68)
Kentucky 38.06 (35.30 - 40.90) 19.61 (17.02 - 22.48) 56.03 (52.28 - 59.72) 37.43 (34.04 - 40.95)
Louisiana 33.07 (30.20 - 36.06) 13.11 (11.01 - 15.54) 43.79 (39.86 - 47.80) 33.83 (30.22 - 37.64)
Maine 31.01 (28.41 - 33.74) 16.09 (13.66 - 18.84) 51.37 (47.62 - 55.10) 29.74 (26.58 - 33.11)
Maryland 25.58 (23.20 - 28.12) 11.11 (9.22 - 13.32) 39.45 (35.79 - 43.22) 25.29 (22.38 - 28.44)
Massachusetts 28.42 (25.87 - 31.11) 14.42 (12.06 - 17.14) 45.04 (41.20 - 48.93) 27.37 (24.27 - 30.69)
Michigan 32.53 (31.07 - 34.02) 13.23 (11.97 - 14.60) 50.05 (47.94 - 52.15) 32.22 (30.37 - 34.12)
Minnesota 30.13 (27.59 - 32.80) 15.30 (12.96 - 17.98) 51.82 (48.05 - 55.58) 28.18 (25.07 - 31.51)
Mississippi 33.22 (30.52 - 36.04) 13.07 (11.00 - 15.47) 44.72 (41.00 - 48.49) 33.94 (30.54 - 37.51)
Missouri 35.46 (32.57 - 38.46) 15.88 (13.51 - 18.57) 49.29 (45.57 - 53.03) 35.65 (32.07 - 39.38)
Montana 34.23 (31.42 - 37.17) 18.10 (15.52 - 21.01) 51.99 (48.17 - 55.78) 33.14 (29.65 - 36.82)
Nebraska 30.37 (27.67 - 33.21) 14.32 (12.13 - 16.82) 45.86 (42.21 - 49.55) 29.58 (26.21 - 33.17)
Nevada 31.02 (28.19 - 34.01) 11.96 (9.81 - 14.50) 42.78 (38.97 - 46.66) 31.69 (28.19 - 35.42)
New Hampshire 27.01 (24.49 - 29.68) 12.95 (10.85 - 15.38) 47.48 (43.37 - 51.62) 25.62 (22.60 - 28.88)
New Jersey 25.40 (22.87 - 28.11) 12.89 (10.64 - 15.54) 43.09 (39.24 - 47.03) 24.39 (21.31 - 27.77)
New Mexico 28.53 (25.94 - 31.27) 14.55 (12.05 - 17.46) 46.91 (43.06 - 50.81) 27.07 (23.80 - 30.60)
New York 27.43 (25.94 - 28.96) 11.87 (10.62 - 13.24) 41.66 (39.47 - 43.88) 27.00 (25.15 - 28.93)
North Carolina 31.33 (28.51 - 34.28) 14.21 (12.02 - 16.72) 47.34 (43.74 - 50.97) 30.98 (27.50 - 34.68)
North Dakota 30.85 (28.14 - 33.69) 15.14 (12.67 - 17.99) 47.76 (43.88 - 51.66) 29.25 (25.91 - 32.82)
Ohio 33.63 (32.09 - 35.20) 15.73 (14.34 - 17.23) 51.03 (48.97 - 53.08) 33.05 (31.13 - 35.02)
Oklahoma 36.86 (33.90 - 39.93) 16.21 (13.53 - 19.30) 49.98 (46.07 - 53.89) 37.17 (33.45 - 41.05)
Oregon 27.12 (24.68 - 29.71) 14.16 (11.85 - 16.84) 44.18 (40.22 - 48.22) 25.91 (22.98 - 29.08)
Pennsylvania 31.27 (29.76 - 32.83) 14.95 (13.62 - 16.39) 46.72 (44.73 - 48.71) 30.82 (28.93 - 32.77)
Rhode Island 29.03 (26.36 - 31.86) 13.53 (11.19 - 16.25) 45.44 (41.49 - 49.44) 28.00 (24.74 - 31.50)
South Carolina 33.86 (31.14 - 36.69) 14.92 (12.67 - 17.49) 47.96 (44.19 - 51.74) 33.97 (30.59 - 37.52)
South Dakota 32.63 (30.02 - 35.35) 17.67 (15.14 - 20.52) 48.55 (44.75 - 52.37) 31.62 (28.36 - 35.06)
Tennessee 38.06 (35.03 - 41.18) 16.45 (14.13 - 19.08) 52.45 (48.48 - 56.39) 38.41 (34.66 - 42.31)
Texas 30.62 (29.12 - 32.16) 11.64 (10.45 - 12.94) 42.38 (40.29 - 44.49) 31.22 (29.29 - 33.22)
Utah 22.08 (19.61 - 24.77) 9.80 (7.62 - 12.52) 30.03 (26.30 - 34.05) 22.05 (18.82 - 25.65)
Vermont 29.90 (27.22 - 32.72) 16.58 (14.03 - 19.47) 53.54 (49.77 - 57.27) 27.54 (24.27 - 31.07)
Virginia 29.11 (26.46 - 31.91) 12.71 (10.65 - 15.11) 48.20 (44.37 - 52.05) 28.11 (24.89 - 31.58)
Washington 27.70 (25.14 - 30.41) 12.46 (10.41 - 14.85) 42.99 (39.19 - 46.86) 27.11 (23.97 - 30.50)
West Virginia 40.62 (37.47 - 43.85) 18.32 (15.75 - 21.20) 52.60 (48.89 - 56.27) 41.26 (37.41 - 45.23)
Wisconsin 32.66 (30.00 - 35.42) 13.81 (11.56 - 16.42) 47.37 (43.46 - 51.33) 32.53 (29.24 - 36.00)
Wyoming 34.75 (31.89 - 37.72) 19.36 (16.68 - 22.37) 52.65 (48.87 - 56.41) 33.40 (29.83 - 37.16)
71003
Table B.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 24.96   10.58   38.71   24.51  
Alabama 27.58 (25.01 - 30.30) 11.73 (9.82 - 13.96) 38.69 (35.03 - 42.49) 27.75 (24.54 - 31.21)
Alaska 24.28 (22.05 - 26.64) 10.53 (8.64 - 12.76) 39.76 (36.18 - 43.45) 23.67 (20.83 - 26.77)
Arizona 23.70 (21.37 - 26.20) 11.33 (9.32 - 13.72) 35.68 (31.87 - 39.67) 23.31 (20.47 - 26.43)
Arkansas 29.11 (26.44 - 31.92) 13.92 (11.66 - 16.53) 44.92 (41.01 - 48.90) 28.37 (25.04 - 31.95)
California 19.87 (18.57 - 21.23) 7.82 (6.83 - 8.95) 30.63 (28.75 - 32.59) 19.67 (18.01 - 21.45)
Colorado 22.15 (19.93 - 24.53) 11.00 (9.13 - 13.19) 40.36 (36.37 - 44.48) 20.46 (17.80 - 23.40)
Connecticut 21.34 (19.01 - 23.87) 10.21 (8.46 - 12.28) 42.13 (38.03 - 46.35) 19.61 (16.80 - 22.75)
Delaware 24.47 (22.06 - 27.06) 10.75 (8.87 - 12.97) 36.98 (33.32 - 40.80) 24.09 (21.12 - 27.33)
District of Columbia 25.64 (23.29 - 28.14) 7.42 (5.95 - 9.21) 36.36 (32.60 - 40.30) 25.36 (22.49 - 28.47)
Florida 23.74 (22.27 - 25.26) 9.55 (8.46 - 10.76) 35.28 (33.28 - 37.34) 23.69 (21.88 - 25.60)
Georgia 23.24 (20.78 - 25.90) 9.85 (8.08 - 11.94) 34.85 (31.19 - 38.69) 23.08 (20.06 - 26.39)
Hawaii 19.64 (17.21 - 22.32) 7.13 (5.61 - 9.03) 33.71 (29.84 - 37.81) 19.07 (16.14 - 22.38)
Idaho 23.46 (21.13 - 25.96) 10.05 (8.23 - 12.23) 36.55 (32.98 - 40.27) 22.88 (19.99 - 26.06)
Illinois 25.86 (24.47 - 27.31) 10.51 (9.39 - 11.73) 40.22 (38.13 - 42.34) 25.42 (23.65 - 27.28)
Indiana 28.21 (25.73 - 30.83) 11.72 (9.83 - 13.92) 43.03 (39.32 - 46.83) 27.83 (24.73 - 31.16)
Iowa 25.36 (23.02 - 27.85) 12.83 (10.75 - 15.24) 42.25 (38.39 - 46.21) 23.88 (21.05 - 26.97)
Kansas 26.63 (24.14 - 29.27) 12.44 (10.49 - 14.69) 41.38 (37.48 - 45.39) 25.77 (22.69 - 29.11)
Kentucky 30.76 (28.00 - 33.66) 15.72 (13.32 - 18.46) 49.50 (45.42 - 53.58) 29.57 (26.19 - 33.19)
Louisiana 27.10 (24.50 - 29.88) 10.57 (8.77 - 12.68) 38.74 (34.98 - 42.64) 27.20 (23.91 - 30.75)
Maine 27.02 (24.50 - 29.70) 12.95 (10.88 - 15.35) 45.08 (41.20 - 49.02) 26.00 (22.95 - 29.30)
Maryland 22.02 (19.82 - 24.39) 9.58 (7.88 - 11.60) 35.20 (31.50 - 39.09) 21.56 (18.88 - 24.51)
Massachusetts 23.69 (21.35 - 26.20) 10.53 (8.66 - 12.75) 38.64 (35.05 - 42.36) 22.81 (19.95 - 25.95)
Michigan 27.98 (26.54 - 29.47) 11.30 (10.19 - 12.51) 44.87 (42.83 - 46.93) 27.41 (25.61 - 29.30)
Minnesota 25.01 (22.67 - 27.49) 12.42 (10.34 - 14.84) 46.61 (42.75 - 50.53) 22.77 (19.94 - 25.86)
Mississippi 27.07 (24.51 - 29.80) 9.90 (8.19 - 11.91) 36.65 (32.90 - 40.57) 27.73 (24.53 - 31.18)
Missouri 29.65 (27.07 - 32.36) 13.24 (11.19 - 15.60) 43.17 (39.54 - 46.88) 29.46 (26.25 - 32.89)
Montana 27.60 (25.07 - 30.28) 13.93 (11.73 - 16.46) 42.25 (38.58 - 46.01) 26.74 (23.62 - 30.10)
Nebraska 25.73 (23.21 - 28.42) 11.62 (9.67 - 13.91) 40.00 (36.08 - 44.05) 24.91 (21.81 - 28.29)
Nevada 26.91 (24.24 - 29.76) 10.38 (8.57 - 12.52) 38.71 (34.88 - 42.70) 27.23 (23.95 - 30.79)
New Hampshire 22.88 (20.56 - 25.39) 10.69 (8.82 - 12.89) 42.74 (38.52 - 47.07) 21.34 (18.59 - 24.38)
New Jersey 21.07 (18.74 - 23.60) 11.13 (9.28 - 13.30) 37.56 (33.86 - 41.42) 19.90 (17.09 - 23.04)
New Mexico 24.22 (21.69 - 26.95) 11.44 (9.38 - 13.88) 41.58 (37.69 - 45.57) 22.79 (19.63 - 26.28)
New York 24.22 (22.80 - 25.71) 9.57 (8.51 - 10.76) 37.59 (35.54 - 39.69) 23.83 (22.05 - 25.70)
North Carolina 26.26 (23.81 - 28.88) 10.83 (9.01 - 12.96) 42.49 (38.90 - 46.16) 25.66 (22.61 - 28.96)
North Dakota 25.22 (22.81 - 27.79) 12.17 (10.14 - 14.55) 40.59 (36.75 - 44.54) 23.60 (20.60 - 26.90)
Ohio 28.47 (27.02 - 29.97) 12.51 (11.30 - 13.82) 44.31 (42.31 - 46.34) 27.90 (26.05 - 29.82)
Oklahoma 31.32 (28.45 - 34.34) 12.94 (10.65 - 15.63) 42.69 (38.82 - 46.65) 31.65 (28.06 - 35.47)
Oregon 22.77 (20.46 - 25.25) 11.10 (9.08 - 13.50) 39.00 (35.02 - 43.14) 21.53 (18.78 - 24.57)
Pennsylvania 26.37 (24.89 - 27.90) 12.45 (11.24 - 13.78) 40.55 (38.59 - 42.55) 25.81 (23.96 - 27.75)
Rhode Island 24.72 (22.35 - 27.24) 11.12 (9.15 - 13.46) 40.71 (36.96 - 44.57) 23.51 (20.62 - 26.67)
South Carolina 29.83 (27.18 - 32.62) 12.14 (10.11 - 14.51) 43.05 (39.31 - 46.87) 29.92 (26.61 - 33.44)
South Dakota 26.45 (23.98 - 29.09) 14.62 (12.30 - 17.28) 41.08 (37.21 - 45.06) 25.27 (22.21 - 28.59)
Tennessee 31.81 (28.93 - 34.83) 12.93 (10.91 - 15.26) 46.89 (43.02 - 50.80) 31.70 (28.14 - 35.48)
Texas 25.54 (24.13 - 27.01) 9.50 (8.37 - 10.77) 36.87 (34.78 - 39.01) 25.78 (23.97 - 27.68)
Utah 19.31 (17.04 - 21.80) 8.11 (6.26 - 10.45) 27.69 (23.91 - 31.82) 18.98 (16.05 - 22.32)
Vermont 25.05 (22.60 - 27.68) 13.14 (11.10 - 15.50) 46.61 (42.98 - 50.29) 22.87 (19.86 - 26.18)
Virginia 24.88 (22.46 - 27.47) 10.97 (9.12 - 13.14) 42.38 (38.56 - 46.29) 23.82 (20.89 - 27.02)
Washington 23.31 (20.99 - 25.81) 9.76 (8.03 - 11.82) 36.58 (32.83 - 40.50) 22.84 (20.00 - 25.95)
West Virginia 32.47 (29.50 - 35.58) 14.41 (12.22 - 16.91) 44.65 (41.00 - 48.36) 32.60 (29.01 - 36.42)
Wisconsin 27.82 (25.31 - 30.49) 10.93 (9.03 - 13.18) 42.27 (38.18 - 46.47) 27.49 (24.35 - 30.87)
Wyoming 27.79 (25.23 - 30.50) 14.57 (12.34 - 17.13) 44.49 (40.68 - 48.36) 26.39 (23.21 - 29.83)
71003
Table B.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 74.14   68.52   70.22   75.59  
Alabama 71.35 (68.58 - 73.97) 65.38 (61.76 - 68.83) 68.73 (65.15 - 72.11) 72.60 (69.10 - 75.84)
Alaska 72.05 (69.49 - 74.47) 67.50 (64.05 - 70.77) 66.70 (63.16 - 70.05) 73.87 (70.51 - 76.98)
Arizona 74.99 (72.37 - 77.45) 65.70 (61.78 - 69.42) 71.54 (67.81 - 75.00) 76.91 (73.62 - 79.91)
Arkansas 71.12 (68.34 - 73.74) 64.64 (60.96 - 68.16) 66.89 (63.24 - 70.36) 72.71 (69.22 - 75.95)
California 78.09 (76.68 - 79.43) 70.60 (68.55 - 72.58) 76.68 (74.78 - 78.48) 79.47 (77.68 - 81.15)
Colorado 75.80 (73.25 - 78.18) 68.41 (64.77 - 71.84) 71.72 (68.07 - 75.12) 77.48 (74.29 - 80.39)
Connecticut 77.70 (75.05 - 80.14) 71.47 (68.21 - 74.52) 74.58 (70.97 - 77.88) 79.00 (75.69 - 81.97)
Delaware 74.28 (71.62 - 76.78) 69.85 (66.47 - 73.02) 71.75 (68.26 - 75.00) 75.28 (71.94 - 78.35)
District of Columbia 78.02 (75.46 - 80.39) 66.99 (63.13 - 70.63) 77.53 (74.11 - 80.62) 79.21 (76.05 - 82.06)
Florida 75.93 (74.43 - 77.37) 67.86 (65.95 - 69.71) 72.77 (70.81 - 74.65) 77.36 (75.50 - 79.11)
Georgia 75.03 (72.25 - 77.61) 69.44 (65.86 - 72.80) 72.16 (68.54 - 75.51) 76.33 (72.80 - 79.54)
Hawaii 74.83 (71.90 - 77.55) 68.93 (65.16 - 72.47) 72.38 (68.56 - 75.90) 75.95 (72.29 - 79.27)
Idaho 73.66 (71.02 - 76.14) 69.52 (66.07 - 72.76) 68.79 (65.14 - 72.22) 75.24 (71.86 - 78.34)
Illinois 74.82 (73.35 - 76.22) 68.66 (66.73 - 70.53) 69.98 (68.04 - 71.86) 76.53 (74.66 - 78.31)
Indiana 69.26 (66.51 - 71.88) 65.70 (62.20 - 69.03) 67.13 (63.63 - 70.45) 70.14 (66.64 - 73.42)
Iowa 70.14 (67.48 - 72.67) 67.61 (64.03 - 71.00) 63.90 (60.25 - 67.39) 71.61 (68.27 - 74.74)
Kansas 71.00 (68.28 - 73.57) 67.90 (64.46 - 71.15) 65.77 (61.96 - 69.39) 72.43 (68.96 - 75.65)
Kentucky 67.83 (65.08 - 70.46) 63.44 (59.85 - 66.88) 61.42 (57.52 - 65.18) 69.43 (66.01 - 72.64)
Louisiana 72.99 (70.28 - 75.53) 69.58 (66.07 - 72.88) 72.18 (68.56 - 75.54) 73.64 (70.16 - 76.85)
Maine 71.22 (68.52 - 73.78) 65.10 (61.46 - 68.57) 64.09 (60.46 - 67.57) 73.02 (69.68 - 76.13)
Maryland 74.63 (72.03 - 77.07) 69.09 (65.69 - 72.30) 72.52 (69.01 - 75.77) 75.74 (72.50 - 78.71)
Massachusetts 75.10 (72.41 - 77.61) 69.96 (66.34 - 73.35) 72.53 (69.10 - 75.71) 76.15 (72.84 - 79.18)
Michigan 72.81 (71.35 - 74.21) 67.49 (65.65 - 69.27) 66.91 (64.88 - 68.88) 74.58 (72.73 - 76.35)
Minnesota 71.76 (69.09 - 74.29) 65.84 (62.15 - 69.35) 67.30 (63.49 - 70.89) 73.37 (70.04 - 76.45)
Mississippi 72.59 (70.00 - 75.04) 66.49 (63.10 - 69.72) 68.95 (65.36 - 72.32) 74.18 (70.87 - 77.23)
Missouri 69.81 (66.96 - 72.52) 68.00 (64.50 - 71.30) 63.01 (59.24 - 66.62) 71.26 (67.64 - 74.62)
Montana 71.30 (68.49 - 73.95) 66.69 (63.11 - 70.09) 67.87 (64.33 - 71.21) 72.50 (68.95 - 75.79)
Nebraska 71.06 (68.37 - 73.62) 68.50 (65.13 - 71.69) 65.21 (61.42 - 68.81) 72.54 (69.07 - 75.76)
Nevada 71.75 (68.92 - 74.42) 67.27 (63.55 - 70.79) 72.24 (68.47 - 75.72) 72.27 (68.73 - 75.55)
New Hampshire 73.48 (70.86 - 75.94) 69.73 (66.29 - 72.97) 66.42 (62.58 - 70.06) 75.09 (71.82 - 78.09)
New Jersey 77.04 (74.57 - 79.34) 69.28 (65.90 - 72.47) 74.33 (70.75 - 77.61) 78.47 (75.40 - 81.26)
New Mexico 74.91 (72.28 - 77.37) 65.95 (62.19 - 69.52) 70.40 (66.76 - 73.79) 77.09 (73.70 - 80.15)
New York 77.39 (75.91 - 78.81) 70.62 (68.64 - 72.53) 71.51 (69.42 - 73.51) 79.26 (77.42 - 80.99)
North Carolina 72.89 (70.00 - 75.59) 69.14 (65.73 - 72.36) 66.13 (62.49 - 69.58) 74.48 (70.82 - 77.82)
North Dakota 67.29 (64.24 - 70.20) 66.38 (62.79 - 69.80) 64.67 (60.91 - 68.25) 67.96 (63.98 - 71.70)
Ohio 70.62 (69.13 - 72.07) 67.89 (66.03 - 69.70) 66.58 (64.61 - 68.49) 71.68 (69.79 - 73.50)
Oklahoma 68.81 (65.80 - 71.67) 65.50 (61.48 - 69.30) 65.64 (61.82 - 69.28) 69.86 (66.00 - 73.47)
Oregon 76.74 (74.25 - 79.07) 70.05 (66.35 - 73.50) 71.14 (67.30 - 74.70) 78.50 (75.44 - 81.28)
Pennsylvania 73.58 (72.13 - 74.98) 67.78 (65.94 - 69.56) 66.95 (65.03 - 68.82) 75.41 (73.58 - 77.15)
Rhode Island 76.04 (73.53 - 78.38) 67.01 (63.24 - 70.58) 73.53 (70.06 - 76.73) 77.64 (74.48 - 80.52)
South Carolina 70.29 (67.51 - 72.94) 66.88 (63.51 - 70.09) 66.85 (63.24 - 70.27) 71.35 (67.83 - 74.63)
South Dakota 72.60 (70.05 - 75.00) 69.93 (66.52 - 73.13) 67.25 (63.61 - 70.70) 74.00 (70.77 - 76.99)
Tennessee 70.66 (67.85 - 73.33) 64.60 (61.06 - 67.98) 62.47 (58.62 - 66.16) 72.77 (69.23 - 76.05)
Texas 73.93 (72.46 - 75.35) 67.68 (65.69 - 69.62) 70.00 (68.05 - 71.87) 75.66 (73.78 - 77.45)
Utah 78.24 (75.51 - 80.74) 75.04 (71.17 - 78.54) 76.24 (72.44 - 79.66) 79.34 (75.74 - 82.54)
Vermont 75.14 (72.49 - 77.60) 69.33 (66.00 - 72.47) 67.08 (63.47 - 70.51) 77.24 (73.92 - 80.24)
Virginia 73.87 (71.22 - 76.36) 67.97 (64.50 - 71.26) 69.06 (65.64 - 72.29) 75.43 (72.11 - 78.48)
Washington 75.27 (72.78 - 77.60) 72.14 (68.89 - 75.18) 71.73 (68.07 - 75.12) 76.28 (73.18 - 79.13)
West Virginia 68.09 (65.12 - 70.92) 69.09 (65.71 - 72.28) 62.78 (59.13 - 66.29) 68.78 (65.15 - 72.20)
Wisconsin 69.72 (66.85 - 72.45) 69.71 (66.36 - 72.86) 68.64 (64.86 - 72.19) 69.91 (66.30 - 73.30)
Wyoming 71.15 (68.39 - 73.75) 68.73 (65.35 - 71.93) 64.48 (60.89 - 67.92) 72.71 (69.18 - 75.98)
71003
Table B.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.66   5.45   17.58   6.22  
Alabama 6.49 (5.37 - 7.82) 5.13 (3.87 - 6.77) 12.88 (10.60 - 15.57) 5.56 (4.30 - 7.16)
Alaska 7.78 (6.61 - 9.14) 6.09 (4.67 - 7.91) 16.83 (14.40 - 19.58) 6.33 (4.97 - 8.03)
Arizona 8.14 (6.90 - 9.59) 5.66 (4.29 - 7.43) 16.61 (13.90 - 19.73) 6.99 (5.57 - 8.74)
Arkansas 7.88 (6.70 - 9.25) 6.66 (5.15 - 8.59) 18.13 (15.52 - 21.06) 6.26 (4.92 - 7.93)
California 8.23 (7.47 - 9.06) 5.49 (4.63 - 6.49) 17.39 (15.87 - 19.01) 6.94 (6.04 - 7.97)
Colorado 9.10 (7.70 - 10.74) 6.94 (5.39 - 8.89) 20.90 (17.91 - 24.25) 7.34 (5.79 - 9.27)
Connecticut 8.48 (7.17 - 10.00) 5.94 (4.63 - 7.59) 23.07 (19.77 - 26.74) 6.57 (5.11 - 8.40)
Delaware 6.71 (5.61 - 7.99) 4.97 (3.77 - 6.52) 15.86 (13.24 - 18.87) 5.36 (4.17 - 6.88)
District of Columbia 9.86 (8.47 - 11.46) 3.56 (2.59 - 4.86) 19.81 (17.00 - 22.95) 8.57 (6.99 - 10.47)
Florida 7.51 (6.76 - 8.34) 5.13 (4.36 - 6.04) 16.71 (15.24 - 18.29) 6.41 (5.53 - 7.43)
Georgia 6.80 (5.66 - 8.15) 4.53 (3.42 - 5.98) 13.98 (11.60 - 16.76) 5.84 (4.53 - 7.50)
Hawaii 7.06 (5.84 - 8.52) 4.66 (3.42 - 6.31) 17.19 (14.40 - 20.39) 5.81 (4.44 - 7.57)
Idaho 8.12 (6.93 - 9.50) 7.30 (5.71 - 9.30) 17.67 (15.07 - 20.61) 6.37 (5.03 - 8.03)
Illinois 7.68 (6.96 - 8.48) 5.62 (4.82 - 6.54) 18.91 (17.34 - 20.59) 5.96 (5.11 - 6.94)
Indiana 7.68 (6.60 - 8.92) 4.89 (3.72 - 6.41) 19.51 (16.72 - 22.63) 5.94 (4.70 - 7.48)
Iowa 9.02 (7.77 - 10.46) 8.24 (6.41 - 10.54) 21.93 (19.06 - 25.09) 6.76 (5.39 - 8.45)
Kansas 8.46 (7.26 - 9.83) 7.38 (5.81 - 9.34) 19.28 (16.40 - 22.53) 6.54 (5.23 - 8.14)
Kentucky 6.30 (5.23 - 7.57) 5.96 (4.62 - 7.65) 14.69 (12.23 - 17.55) 4.97 (3.83 - 6.42)
Louisiana 7.23 (6.05 - 8.62) 4.29 (3.20 - 5.74) 13.88 (11.50 - 16.67) 6.34 (4.96 - 8.07)
Maine 7.52 (6.32 - 8.92) 6.09 (4.66 - 7.93) 17.67 (15.01 - 20.70) 6.16 (4.82 - 7.85)
Maryland 6.93 (5.85 - 8.20) 5.15 (3.94 - 6.70) 16.67 (14.13 - 19.55) 5.58 (4.37 - 7.11)
Massachusetts 8.19 (6.96 - 9.62) 5.47 (4.16 - 7.17) 19.38 (16.57 - 22.52) 6.67 (5.27 - 8.39)
Michigan 8.32 (7.62 - 9.08) 5.20 (4.45 - 6.06) 20.60 (19.00 - 22.30) 6.63 (5.80 - 7.57)
Minnesota 9.24 (7.90 - 10.79) 6.62 (5.13 - 8.49) 20.91 (17.95 - 24.23) 7.48 (5.97 - 9.32)
Mississippi 6.47 (5.38 - 7.77) 4.47 (3.40 - 5.86) 14.13 (11.69 - 16.99) 5.29 (4.08 - 6.84)
Missouri 8.77 (7.54 - 10.16) 6.31 (4.88 - 8.12) 22.76 (19.90 - 25.89) 6.62 (5.24 - 8.33)
Montana 10.81 (9.23 - 12.63) 10.92 (8.65 - 13.69) 26.72 (23.30 - 30.45) 7.97 (6.16 - 10.25)
Nebraska 9.67 (8.33 - 11.19) 7.01 (5.48 - 8.94) 23.66 (20.61 - 27.01) 7.34 (5.87 - 9.14)
Nevada 8.15 (6.89 - 9.61) 6.39 (4.92 - 8.26) 17.88 (15.18 - 20.94) 6.84 (5.41 - 8.60)
New Hampshire 8.16 (6.86 - 9.68) 6.37 (4.94 - 8.17) 21.96 (18.89 - 25.39) 6.21 (4.80 - 8.00)
New Jersey 6.31 (5.22 - 7.62) 5.53 (4.25 - 7.17) 15.67 (13.05 - 18.71) 5.01 (3.82 - 6.54)
New Mexico 8.14 (6.89 - 9.60) 6.46 (4.94 - 8.40) 17.32 (14.74 - 20.25) 6.64 (5.21 - 8.43)
New York 6.97 (6.26 - 7.75) 5.33 (4.53 - 6.26) 16.68 (15.10 - 18.38) 5.53 (4.71 - 6.47)
North Carolina 6.61 (5.50 - 7.92) 4.90 (3.71 - 6.46) 14.39 (12.06 - 17.08) 5.57 (4.31 - 7.16)
North Dakota 9.37 (8.09 - 10.84) 8.36 (6.62 - 10.51) 22.93 (20.04 - 26.10) 6.62 (5.19 - 8.40)
Ohio 7.76 (7.06 - 8.53) 5.26 (4.51 - 6.14) 18.94 (17.43 - 20.54) 6.18 (5.35 - 7.13)
Oklahoma 7.40 (6.17 - 8.84) 4.91 (3.64 - 6.60) 16.66 (14.10 - 19.58) 5.98 (4.62 - 7.71)
Oregon 6.81 (5.72 - 8.09) 6.41 (4.89 - 8.37) 16.29 (13.62 - 19.36) 5.29 (4.12 - 6.77)
Pennsylvania 6.75 (6.08 - 7.48) 5.08 (4.35 - 5.93) 17.58 (16.07 - 19.20) 5.18 (4.41 - 6.08)
Rhode Island 8.64 (7.31 - 10.19) 5.29 (4.01 - 6.94) 19.06 (16.25 - 22.23) 7.16 (5.63 - 9.06)
South Carolina 7.28 (6.10 - 8.67) 4.50 (3.42 - 5.90) 14.84 (12.36 - 17.72) 6.35 (4.99 - 8.04)
South Dakota 10.05 (8.62 - 11.69) 6.86 (5.35 - 8.76) 23.72 (20.59 - 27.17) 7.86 (6.23 - 9.86)
Tennessee 6.75 (5.62 - 8.10) 4.76 (3.59 - 6.30) 16.72 (14.22 - 19.56) 5.36 (4.12 - 6.95)
Texas 7.95 (7.23 - 8.74) 4.94 (4.20 - 5.81) 16.05 (14.54 - 17.68) 6.83 (5.94 - 7.83)
Utah 7.42 (6.30 - 8.70) 5.07 (3.82 - 6.71) 15.03 (12.68 - 17.72) 5.76 (4.49 - 7.37)
Vermont 8.77 (7.55 - 10.18) 6.49 (5.09 - 8.24) 23.53 (20.56 - 26.77) 6.54 (5.18 - 8.23)
Virginia 7.14 (6.02 - 8.45) 4.97 (3.77 - 6.52) 17.45 (14.90 - 20.34) 5.72 (4.47 - 7.30)
Washington 7.83 (6.67 - 9.19) 5.91 (4.59 - 7.58) 17.37 (14.73 - 20.38) 6.47 (5.16 - 8.08)
West Virginia 6.40 (5.34 - 7.65) 5.36 (4.12 - 6.94) 17.01 (14.53 - 19.81) 4.89 (3.73 - 6.39)
Wisconsin 8.50 (7.29 - 9.89) 5.98 (4.66 - 7.66) 22.21 (19.24 - 25.49) 6.41 (5.08 - 8.05)
Wyoming 9.25 (7.95 - 10.74) 7.71 (6.06 - 9.75) 21.64 (18.80 - 24.78) 7.13 (5.65 - 8.96)
71003
Table B.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 3.35   2.02   7.43   2.82  
Alabama 2.97 (2.28 - 3.86) 2.32 (1.58 - 3.39) 5.55 (4.19 - 7.33) 2.61 (1.82 - 3.73)
Alaska 4.19 (3.29 - 5.30) 2.66 (1.78 - 3.96) 6.51 (5.05 - 8.36) 4.00 (2.90 - 5.49)
Arizona 3.97 (3.09 - 5.09) 2.36 (1.59 - 3.48) 7.35 (5.75 - 9.34) 3.60 (2.57 - 5.02)
Arkansas 3.40 (2.66 - 4.33) 2.26 (1.54 - 3.30) 6.97 (5.46 - 8.86) 2.92 (2.08 - 4.10)
California 3.84 (3.34 - 4.41) 2.14 (1.68 - 2.73) 7.73 (6.70 - 8.90) 3.38 (2.77 - 4.10)
Colorado 3.79 (3.02 - 4.74) 2.65 (1.80 - 3.88) 8.72 (6.89 - 10.98) 3.08 (2.22 - 4.27)
Connecticut 3.34 (2.63 - 4.25) 2.19 (1.51 - 3.16) 8.50 (6.67 - 10.78) 2.70 (1.91 - 3.81)
Delaware 2.88 (2.21 - 3.74) 1.82 (1.23 - 2.68) 6.24 (4.73 - 8.20) 2.44 (1.70 - 3.49)
District of Columbia 4.64 (3.69 - 5.81) 1.59 (1.03 - 2.45) 8.12 (6.42 - 10.22) 4.26 (3.16 - 5.74)
Florida 3.06 (2.62 - 3.57) 1.95 (1.54 - 2.46) 7.16 (6.24 - 8.21) 2.57 (2.06 - 3.21)
Georgia 3.06 (2.34 - 3.99) 1.76 (1.19 - 2.60) 5.18 (3.90 - 6.85) 2.86 (2.01 - 4.05)
Hawaii 3.49 (2.64 - 4.60) 1.86 (1.20 - 2.88) 7.17 (5.43 - 9.40) 3.13 (2.16 - 4.53)
Idaho 3.31 (2.65 - 4.11) 2.15 (1.50 - 3.08) 7.25 (5.72 - 9.15) 2.70 (1.96 - 3.72)
Illinois 3.52 (3.03 - 4.07) 2.07 (1.64 - 2.61) 7.66 (6.64 - 8.83) 2.97 (2.40 - 3.67)
Indiana 3.28 (2.65 - 4.06) 2.15 (1.50 - 3.10) 8.28 (6.64 - 10.29) 2.54 (1.83 - 3.51)
Iowa 3.85 (3.08 - 4.82) 2.91 (2.02 - 4.16) 9.04 (7.27 - 11.19) 3.03 (2.16 - 4.23)
Kansas 3.75 (3.04 - 4.63) 2.73 (1.91 - 3.87) 8.69 (6.88 - 10.93) 2.95 (2.16 - 4.03)
Kentucky 2.84 (2.21 - 3.64) 2.44 (1.72 - 3.45) 6.32 (4.88 - 8.16) 2.32 (1.62 - 3.31)
Louisiana 3.15 (2.44 - 4.06) 1.67 (1.15 - 2.42) 5.77 (4.44 - 7.47) 2.85 (2.00 - 4.03)
Maine 3.24 (2.54 - 4.13) 2.32 (1.59 - 3.37) 7.11 (5.58 - 9.02) 2.77 (1.97 - 3.88)
Maryland 2.64 (2.02 - 3.43) 1.75 (1.17 - 2.63) 5.97 (4.61 - 7.70) 2.21 (1.51 - 3.23)
Massachusetts 3.72 (2.92 - 4.73) 1.86 (1.23 - 2.82) 8.59 (6.85 - 10.74) 3.13 (2.21 - 4.42)
Michigan 3.68 (3.21 - 4.21) 2.07 (1.66 - 2.59) 8.64 (7.57 - 9.83) 3.05 (2.50 - 3.70)
Minnesota 3.67 (2.91 - 4.62) 2.23 (1.58 - 3.15) 7.91 (6.25 - 9.95) 3.09 (2.22 - 4.28)
Mississippi 3.08 (2.43 - 3.89) 1.70 (1.15 - 2.51) 7.41 (5.83 - 9.38) 2.45 (1.72 - 3.48)
Missouri 3.56 (2.85 - 4.44) 2.07 (1.45 - 2.94) 8.89 (7.18 - 10.95) 2.82 (2.01 - 3.93)
Montana 4.47 (3.46 - 5.75) 3.62 (2.49 - 5.22) 9.04 (7.17 - 11.34) 3.76 (2.61 - 5.40)
Nebraska 3.69 (3.00 - 4.54) 2.33 (1.62 - 3.35) 9.16 (7.31 - 11.41) 2.83 (2.05 - 3.89)
Nevada 3.40 (2.67 - 4.32) 1.77 (1.17 - 2.65) 7.82 (6.12 - 9.93) 2.92 (2.09 - 4.06)
New Hampshire 3.38 (2.69 - 4.25) 2.13 (1.47 - 3.07) 9.69 (7.70 - 12.14) 2.55 (1.79 - 3.61)
New Jersey 2.92 (2.26 - 3.75) 1.94 (1.34 - 2.81) 6.65 (5.17 - 8.52) 2.49 (1.75 - 3.52)
New Mexico 3.87 (2.99 - 5.00) 2.28 (1.56 - 3.30) 7.35 (5.75 - 9.34) 3.44 (2.41 - 4.90)
New York 3.21 (2.74 - 3.76) 1.80 (1.39 - 2.32) 7.27 (6.27 - 8.42) 2.70 (2.15 - 3.38)
North Carolina 3.05 (2.38 - 3.91) 1.93 (1.33 - 2.81) 6.38 (5.00 - 8.10) 2.66 (1.88 - 3.73)
North Dakota 3.51 (2.81 - 4.37) 2.45 (1.70 - 3.51) 8.58 (6.85 - 10.70) 2.56 (1.79 - 3.65)
Ohio 3.07 (2.65 - 3.56) 1.74 (1.34 - 2.25) 7.78 (6.83 - 8.84) 2.44 (1.95 - 3.06)
Oklahoma 3.09 (2.41 - 3.96) 1.95 (1.30 - 2.92) 6.55 (5.08 - 8.42) 2.59 (1.81 - 3.68)
Oregon 3.03 (2.43 - 3.78) 2.30 (1.60 - 3.30) 8.02 (6.29 - 10.18) 2.30 (1.65 - 3.20)
Pennsylvania 2.91 (2.49 - 3.41) 1.91 (1.50 - 2.44) 7.18 (6.25 - 8.23) 2.34 (1.85 - 2.96)
Rhode Island 3.90 (3.11 - 4.89) 2.03 (1.38 - 2.99) 8.33 (6.59 - 10.48) 3.33 (2.41 - 4.59)
South Carolina 3.18 (2.51 - 4.02) 1.79 (1.23 - 2.59) 6.77 (5.30 - 8.60) 2.75 (1.97 - 3.81)
South Dakota 3.55 (2.85 - 4.40) 2.34 (1.64 - 3.32) 8.01 (6.39 - 10.00) 2.85 (2.07 - 3.91)
Tennessee 2.85 (2.23 - 3.64) 1.69 (1.13 - 2.53) 7.56 (5.95 - 9.56) 2.23 (1.55 - 3.19)
Texas 3.44 (2.98 - 3.97) 1.77 (1.37 - 2.30) 7.44 (6.44 - 8.57) 2.91 (2.36 - 3.57)
Utah 3.66 (2.94 - 4.56) 2.03 (1.38 - 2.98) 5.89 (4.52 - 7.63) 3.34 (2.44 - 4.57)
Vermont 3.21 (2.54 - 4.05) 1.96 (1.35 - 2.85) 8.71 (7.02 - 10.76) 2.43 (1.70 - 3.46)
Virginia 3.21 (2.53 - 4.05) 2.07 (1.44 - 2.99) 7.54 (6.00 - 9.44) 2.64 (1.87 - 3.72)
Washington 3.36 (2.65 - 4.25) 1.97 (1.36 - 2.84) 6.80 (5.32 - 8.64) 2.96 (2.14 - 4.08)
West Virginia 2.83 (2.26 - 3.53) 2.06 (1.40 - 3.02) 8.74 (7.09 - 10.74) 2.01 (1.41 - 2.86)
Wisconsin 3.20 (2.55 - 4.00) 2.11 (1.47 - 3.02) 7.92 (6.28 - 9.94) 2.51 (1.79 - 3.50)
Wyoming 3.51 (2.83 - 4.34) 2.50 (1.78 - 3.50) 8.47 (6.82 - 10.49) 2.71 (1.96 - 3.74)
71003
Table B.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.83   4.65   8.14   1.66  
Alabama 2.78 (2.20 - 3.50) 3.98 (2.86 - 5.50) 7.63 (5.89 - 9.83) 1.78 (1.19 - 2.65)
Alaska 3.39 (2.69 - 4.28) 5.45 (4.05 - 7.29) 8.39 (6.59 - 10.64) 2.07 (1.36 - 3.15)
Arizona 2.81 (2.23 - 3.53) 5.35 (3.91 - 7.30) 7.10 (5.40 - 9.29) 1.69 (1.12 - 2.53)
Arkansas 3.32 (2.70 - 4.07) 6.77 (5.10 - 8.95) 9.38 (7.45 - 11.75) 1.80 (1.22 - 2.67)
California 2.90 (2.53 - 3.33) 4.78 (4.01 - 5.69) 8.06 (6.99 - 9.29) 1.67 (1.27 - 2.19)
Colorado 3.21 (2.58 - 3.97) 5.50 (4.12 - 7.30) 9.68 (7.53 - 12.35) 1.78 (1.19 - 2.65)
Connecticut 3.14 (2.55 - 3.87) 5.62 (4.20 - 7.49) 12.01 (9.54 - 15.01) 1.45 (0.92 - 2.29)
Delaware 3.10 (2.51 - 3.82) 4.80 (3.60 - 6.38) 9.68 (7.57 - 12.29) 1.75 (1.19 - 2.58)
District of Columbia 4.25 (3.32 - 5.41) 4.12 (2.93 - 5.76) 7.49 (5.69 - 9.80) 3.63 (2.55 - 5.15)
Florida 2.92 (2.54 - 3.35) 5.22 (4.43 - 6.14) 8.77 (7.65 - 10.03) 1.77 (1.37 - 2.28)
Georgia 2.91 (2.30 - 3.67) 4.34 (3.22 - 5.82) 8.14 (6.27 - 10.50) 1.77 (1.16 - 2.68)
Hawaii 2.37 (1.79 - 3.13) 3.98 (2.85 - 5.55) 6.60 (4.91 - 8.82) 1.51 (0.93 - 2.46)
Idaho 3.00 (2.46 - 3.66) 5.16 (3.89 - 6.81) 8.84 (7.00 - 11.09) 1.53 (1.03 - 2.27)
Illinois 2.83 (2.46 - 3.24) 4.27 (3.56 - 5.11) 7.69 (6.64 - 8.89) 1.76 (1.36 - 2.26)
Indiana 2.83 (2.32 - 3.46) 4.57 (3.45 - 6.04) 8.86 (6.97 - 11.19) 1.51 (1.02 - 2.23)
Iowa 2.10 (1.61 - 2.73) 3.94 (2.83 - 5.45) 5.42 (3.94 - 7.42) 1.25 (0.78 - 2.01)
Kansas 2.86 (2.30 - 3.56) 4.91 (3.68 - 6.53) 7.67 (5.85 - 9.98) 1.66 (1.11 - 2.47)
Kentucky 2.52 (2.01 - 3.17) 4.83 (3.66 - 6.34) 6.72 (5.05 - 8.90) 1.55 (1.03 - 2.31)
Louisiana 2.91 (2.31 - 3.66) 4.73 (3.56 - 6.27) 6.75 (5.15 - 8.80) 1.88 (1.26 - 2.80)
Maine 3.12 (2.57 - 3.78) 6.78 (5.13 - 8.91) 10.88 (8.76 - 13.44) 1.52 (1.01 - 2.28)
Maryland 2.63 (2.08 - 3.33) 4.60 (3.43 - 6.16) 7.18 (5.48 - 9.36) 1.62 (1.07 - 2.44)
Massachusetts 2.92 (2.38 - 3.57) 5.40 (3.99 - 7.27) 9.36 (7.46 - 11.69) 1.54 (1.04 - 2.27)
Michigan 2.88 (2.54 - 3.27) 4.16 (3.48 - 4.98) 8.94 (7.82 - 10.21) 1.65 (1.28 - 2.13)
Minnesota 2.61 (2.09 - 3.26) 4.58 (3.39 - 6.16) 7.53 (5.83 - 9.68) 1.45 (0.95 - 2.21)
Mississippi 3.07 (2.47 - 3.81) 4.19 (3.11 - 5.61) 7.87 (6.10 - 10.10) 1.99 (1.37 - 2.88)
Missouri 2.71 (2.17 - 3.36) 4.57 (3.42 - 6.09) 8.16 (6.35 - 10.43) 1.49 (0.99 - 2.23)
Montana 3.16 (2.60 - 3.85) 6.47 (4.93 - 8.46) 9.44 (7.54 - 11.76) 1.63 (1.08 - 2.45)
Nebraska 2.36 (1.86 - 2.99) 3.83 (2.76 - 5.29) 6.85 (5.18 - 9.01) 1.29 (0.83 - 2.01)
Nevada 2.67 (2.12 - 3.36) 4.54 (3.33 - 6.16) 7.33 (5.57 - 9.60) 1.68 (1.13 - 2.49)
New Hampshire 2.78 (2.24 - 3.44) 5.47 (4.09 - 7.27) 9.57 (7.41 - 12.26) 1.35 (0.87 - 2.07)
New Jersey 2.26 (1.79 - 2.86) 4.06 (2.98 - 5.51) 7.08 (5.42 - 9.19) 1.30 (0.84 - 2.01)
New Mexico 2.64 (2.11 - 3.29) 4.69 (3.44 - 6.36) 7.42 (5.66 - 9.68) 1.42 (0.94 - 2.16)
New York 3.12 (2.71 - 3.59) 4.54 (3.81 - 5.40) 9.00 (7.83 - 10.33) 1.93 (1.49 - 2.51)
North Carolina 3.04 (2.42 - 3.80) 4.83 (3.59 - 6.46) 8.85 (6.94 - 11.21) 1.85 (1.24 - 2.76)
North Dakota 2.24 (1.76 - 2.86) 4.04 (2.98 - 5.44) 6.03 (4.51 - 8.01) 1.21 (0.76 - 1.91)
Ohio 2.90 (2.53 - 3.33) 4.41 (3.69 - 5.26) 7.75 (6.72 - 8.93) 1.87 (1.44 - 2.41)
Oklahoma 2.82 (2.23 - 3.55) 5.18 (3.78 - 7.04) 7.00 (5.35 - 9.10) 1.71 (1.13 - 2.58)
Oregon 2.61 (2.10 - 3.26) 5.10 (3.79 - 6.85) 8.34 (6.44 - 10.75) 1.36 (0.89 - 2.06)
Pennsylvania 2.46 (2.14 - 2.83) 3.96 (3.32 - 4.73) 8.00 (6.99 - 9.14) 1.36 (1.03 - 1.81)
Rhode Island 3.68 (3.02 - 4.48) 5.67 (4.18 - 7.65) 13.18 (10.67 - 16.18) 1.69 (1.10 - 2.60)
South Carolina 2.98 (2.40 - 3.71) 4.56 (3.39 - 6.12) 7.92 (6.15 - 10.14) 1.92 (1.32 - 2.78)
South Dakota 2.32 (1.85 - 2.90) 4.58 (3.36 - 6.21) 6.45 (4.85 - 8.55) 1.21 (0.78 - 1.89)
Tennessee 3.04 (2.46 - 3.75) 4.91 (3.69 - 6.51) 9.66 (7.65 - 12.13) 1.72 (1.17 - 2.52)
Texas 2.75 (2.40 - 3.16) 4.12 (3.44 - 4.94) 7.32 (6.29 - 8.50) 1.64 (1.27 - 2.13)
Utah 3.05 (2.47 - 3.76) 4.65 (3.44 - 6.26) 7.23 (5.55 - 9.38) 1.64 (1.11 - 2.41)
Vermont 3.16 (2.63 - 3.79) 5.12 (3.91 - 6.68) 11.96 (9.85 - 14.44) 1.41 (0.93 - 2.13)
Virginia 2.56 (2.06 - 3.19) 4.81 (3.59 - 6.42) 7.83 (6.09 - 10.01) 1.40 (0.92 - 2.14)
Washington 2.95 (2.38 - 3.66) 4.86 (3.61 - 6.49) 9.05 (7.02 - 11.60) 1.67 (1.13 - 2.47)
West Virginia 2.90 (2.36 - 3.54) 4.95 (3.72 - 6.58) 10.46 (8.37 - 13.00) 1.51 (1.02 - 2.25)
Wisconsin 2.48 (1.95 - 3.13) 4.46 (3.28 - 6.04) 6.58 (4.97 - 8.67) 1.49 (0.99 - 2.22)
Wyoming 2.82 (2.29 - 3.47) 4.97 (3.75 - 6.56) 9.17 (7.30 - 11.45) 1.35 (0.88 - 2.08)
71003
Table B.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 1.95   2.59   5.64   1.22  
Alabama 1.97 (1.53 - 2.54) 2.33 (1.61 - 3.38) 5.46 (4.06 - 7.32) 1.32 (0.86 - 2.01)
Alaska 2.51 (1.92 - 3.28) 3.43 (2.36 - 4.96) 6.24 (4.73 - 8.19) 1.63 (1.01 - 2.62)
Arizona 1.89 (1.46 - 2.44) 3.22 (2.17 - 4.75) 5.06 (3.68 - 6.92) 1.14 (0.72 - 1.80)
Arkansas 2.18 (1.73 - 2.75) 3.27 (2.32 - 4.61) 6.30 (4.73 - 8.33) 1.32 (0.87 - 1.99)
California 2.02 (1.72 - 2.37) 2.74 (2.18 - 3.44) 5.69 (4.84 - 6.68) 1.23 (0.90 - 1.67)
Colorado 2.25 (1.74 - 2.90) 2.83 (1.95 - 4.07) 7.13 (5.38 - 9.39) 1.32 (0.84 - 2.08)
Connecticut 2.32 (1.84 - 2.92) 3.45 (2.42 - 4.88) 9.22 (7.08 - 11.94) 1.11 (0.69 - 1.77)
Delaware 2.11 (1.66 - 2.69) 2.44 (1.66 - 3.56) 6.70 (5.01 - 8.89) 1.29 (0.85 - 1.96)
District of Columbia 3.33 (2.44 - 4.52) 1.70 (1.02 - 2.81) 5.18 (3.70 - 7.20) 3.13 (2.07 - 4.71)
Florida 1.90 (1.61 - 2.24) 2.46 (1.96 - 3.07) 5.98 (5.07 - 7.04) 1.22 (0.91 - 1.64)
Georgia 1.89 (1.47 - 2.44) 2.39 (1.66 - 3.45) 5.66 (4.17 - 7.62) 1.15 (0.72 - 1.83)
Hawaii 1.48 (1.08 - 2.03) 2.07 (1.36 - 3.14) 4.33 (3.04 - 6.15) 0.97 (0.56 - 1.68)
Idaho 1.87 (1.47 - 2.38) 2.67 (1.86 - 3.82) 5.45 (4.03 - 7.33) 1.05 (0.67 - 1.63)
Illinois 1.98 (1.67 - 2.36) 2.54 (2.00 - 3.23) 5.26 (4.45 - 6.20) 1.32 (0.97 - 1.80)
Indiana 1.97 (1.57 - 2.45) 2.91 (2.03 - 4.17) 6.38 (4.89 - 8.29) 1.04 (0.67 - 1.60)
Iowa 1.45 (1.06 - 1.99) 2.55 (1.70 - 3.80) 3.48 (2.35 - 5.12) 0.94 (0.55 - 1.60)
Kansas 1.97 (1.53 - 2.55) 2.56 (1.79 - 3.66) 5.47 (4.03 - 7.39) 1.22 (0.79 - 1.89)
Kentucky 1.88 (1.44 - 2.45) 3.18 (2.24 - 4.50) 5.08 (3.73 - 6.88) 1.19 (0.76 - 1.88)
Louisiana 2.02 (1.53 - 2.66) 2.42 (1.69 - 3.45) 4.51 (3.26 - 6.20) 1.47 (0.93 - 2.30)
Maine 2.09 (1.65 - 2.64) 3.25 (2.31 - 4.54) 7.64 (5.93 - 9.79) 1.12 (0.71 - 1.75)
Maryland 1.86 (1.43 - 2.42) 2.52 (1.74 - 3.63) 4.94 (3.58 - 6.77) 1.27 (0.82 - 1.96)
Massachusetts 2.19 (1.73 - 2.77) 2.91 (2.00 - 4.20) 7.32 (5.59 - 9.53) 1.25 (0.82 - 1.92)
Michigan 2.06 (1.77 - 2.39) 2.32 (1.84 - 2.91) 6.31 (5.39 - 7.38) 1.28 (0.97 - 1.70)
Minnesota 1.76 (1.35 - 2.28) 2.52 (1.74 - 3.64) 5.22 (3.80 - 7.12) 1.03 (0.64 - 1.64)
Mississippi 2.00 (1.55 - 2.56) 2.28 (1.58 - 3.27) 5.78 (4.31 - 7.71) 1.23 (0.79 - 1.92)
Missouri 1.68 (1.29 - 2.18) 2.65 (1.82 - 3.83) 4.66 (3.43 - 6.31) 1.02 (0.63 - 1.64)
Montana 2.08 (1.64 - 2.65) 3.19 (2.22 - 4.55) 6.47 (4.95 - 8.41) 1.16 (0.74 - 1.82)
Nebraska 1.78 (1.39 - 2.28) 2.25 (1.55 - 3.24) 5.40 (4.03 - 7.18) 1.02 (0.64 - 1.62)
Nevada 1.83 (1.40 - 2.38) 2.42 (1.63 - 3.57) 5.62 (4.16 - 7.54) 1.15 (0.71 - 1.84)
New Hampshire 1.83 (1.43 - 2.34) 3.18 (2.25 - 4.49) 6.36 (4.67 - 8.61) 0.93 (0.59 - 1.47)
New Jersey 1.70 (1.32 - 2.20) 2.60 (1.84 - 3.68) 5.31 (3.93 - 7.13) 1.04 (0.66 - 1.64)
New Mexico 1.80 (1.40 - 2.32) 2.62 (1.78 - 3.85) 5.40 (4.03 - 7.20) 1.00 (0.61 - 1.62)
New York 2.21 (1.86 - 2.61) 2.60 (2.07 - 3.26) 5.98 (5.05 - 7.07) 1.51 (1.12 - 2.03)
North Carolina 2.02 (1.54 - 2.66) 2.47 (1.69 - 3.58) 5.56 (4.19 - 7.35) 1.39 (0.89 - 2.17)
North Dakota 1.61 (1.21 - 2.13) 2.40 (1.64 - 3.52) 4.19 (2.97 - 5.88) 0.95 (0.57 - 1.58)
Ohio 2.02 (1.71 - 2.38) 2.26 (1.79 - 2.86) 5.51 (4.67 - 6.49) 1.39 (1.04 - 1.85)
Oklahoma 2.09 (1.60 - 2.72) 3.08 (2.10 - 4.48) 5.29 (3.85 - 7.23) 1.35 (0.84 - 2.14)
Oregon 1.81 (1.43 - 2.30) 3.16 (2.18 - 4.55) 5.69 (4.22 - 7.63) 1.01 (0.64 - 1.58)
Pennsylvania 1.74 (1.48 - 2.05) 2.20 (1.72 - 2.81) 5.64 (4.80 - 6.62) 1.04 (0.76 - 1.41)
Rhode Island 2.42 (1.92 - 3.05) 2.86 (1.94 - 4.18) 8.76 (6.75 - 11.29) 1.21 (0.77 - 1.92)
South Carolina 1.86 (1.43 - 2.43) 2.42 (1.68 - 3.46) 4.50 (3.23 - 6.22) 1.34 (0.88 - 2.03)
South Dakota 1.45 (1.09 - 1.94) 2.62 (1.78 - 3.84) 3.92 (2.74 - 5.58) 0.82 (0.48 - 1.39)
Tennessee 2.05 (1.60 - 2.63) 3.03 (2.16 - 4.23) 5.92 (4.45 - 7.83) 1.29 (0.84 - 1.99)
Texas 1.81 (1.53 - 2.13) 2.21 (1.73 - 2.82) 4.80 (4.03 - 5.70) 1.16 (0.85 - 1.57)
Utah 2.11 (1.67 - 2.66) 2.58 (1.79 - 3.71) 5.22 (3.90 - 6.97) 1.19 (0.77 - 1.82)
Vermont 2.29 (1.84 - 2.84) 2.96 (2.07 - 4.24) 8.86 (7.06 - 11.06) 1.08 (0.68 - 1.72)
Virginia 1.81 (1.42 - 2.32) 2.51 (1.74 - 3.60) 5.83 (4.36 - 7.75) 1.06 (0.68 - 1.66)
Washington 2.17 (1.68 - 2.80) 3.21 (2.28 - 4.52) 6.39 (4.80 - 8.46) 1.32 (0.84 - 2.07)
West Virginia 1.87 (1.45 - 2.40) 2.15 (1.43 - 3.22) 7.43 (5.69 - 9.64) 0.98 (0.60 - 1.60)
Wisconsin 1.75 (1.34 - 2.29) 2.42 (1.67 - 3.50) 4.63 (3.35 - 6.36) 1.15 (0.73 - 1.82)
Wyoming 1.91 (1.51 - 2.41) 2.66 (1.87 - 3.78) 6.27 (4.79 - 8.18) 0.99 (0.63 - 1.55)
71003
Table B.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 9.16   8.04   21.55   7.15  
Alabama 7.84 (6.61 - 9.28) 7.09 (5.58 - 8.96) 16.82 (14.24 - 19.76) 6.38 (4.98 - 8.15)
Alaska 9.87 (8.56 - 11.35) 8.96 (7.15 - 11.18) 21.01 (18.28 - 24.02) 7.87 (6.36 - 9.70)
Arizona 9.73 (8.30 - 11.38) 8.80 (7.02 - 10.98) 20.01 (17.15 - 23.21) 8.04 (6.38 - 10.08)
Arkansas 9.84 (8.49 - 11.38) 11.28 (9.09 - 13.91) 22.75 (19.78 - 26.03) 7.40 (5.90 - 9.25)
California 9.70 (8.89 - 10.58) 7.77 (6.83 - 8.83) 21.40 (19.80 - 23.10) 7.82 (6.85 - 8.93)
Colorado 10.88 (9.37 - 12.60) 9.95 (8.02 - 12.29) 25.39 (22.02 - 29.08) 8.48 (6.82 - 10.51)
Connecticut 10.09 (8.70 - 11.69) 9.06 (7.29 - 11.22) 28.64 (25.09 - 32.48) 7.38 (5.80 - 9.34)
Delaware 8.49 (7.34 - 9.81) 7.88 (6.24 - 9.90) 21.05 (18.01 - 24.45) 6.42 (5.16 - 7.96)
District of Columbia 12.30 (10.68 - 14.13) 6.71 (5.17 - 8.66) 23.05 (19.85 - 26.61) 10.78 (8.90 - 13.00)
Florida 9.07 (8.25 - 9.96) 8.38 (7.36 - 9.53) 21.07 (19.40 - 22.86) 7.35 (6.40 - 8.43)
Georgia 8.42 (7.13 - 9.93) 7.06 (5.59 - 8.87) 18.56 (15.83 - 21.63) 6.81 (5.34 - 8.64)
Hawaii 8.34 (6.96 - 9.96) 7.20 (5.58 - 9.24) 20.36 (17.40 - 23.67) 6.64 (5.09 - 8.63)
Idaho 9.55 (8.27 - 10.99) 9.69 (7.85 - 11.91) 21.22 (18.40 - 24.35) 7.22 (5.77 - 9.01)
Illinois 9.03 (8.25 - 9.88) 7.78 (6.80 - 8.88) 22.82 (21.07 - 24.66) 6.74 (5.82 - 7.78)
Indiana 9.02 (7.81 - 10.40) 7.31 (5.84 - 9.12) 23.35 (20.44 - 26.53) 6.69 (5.33 - 8.36)
Iowa 10.00 (8.67 - 11.51) 10.13 (8.23 - 12.39) 23.56 (20.54 - 26.88) 7.50 (6.02 - 9.31)
Kansas 9.95 (8.67 - 11.40) 9.44 (7.63 - 11.63) 22.84 (19.74 - 26.27) 7.56 (6.14 - 9.27)
Kentucky 7.71 (6.57 - 9.04) 8.73 (7.03 - 10.79) 17.68 (14.93 - 20.81) 5.95 (4.69 - 7.53)
Louisiana 9.16 (7.79 - 10.75) 7.61 (6.13 - 9.42) 17.67 (15.01 - 20.69) 7.70 (6.11 - 9.66)
Maine 9.79 (8.39 - 11.39) 10.51 (8.57 - 12.83) 24.09 (21.07 - 27.40) 7.55 (6.03 - 9.43)
Maryland 8.16 (7.01 - 9.48) 7.43 (5.93 - 9.26) 20.09 (17.27 - 23.25) 6.30 (4.99 - 7.93)
Massachusetts 9.99 (8.64 - 11.53) 9.01 (7.25 - 11.15) 23.81 (20.87 - 27.03) 7.82 (6.29 - 9.68)
Michigan 9.83 (9.06 - 10.65) 7.44 (6.51 - 8.48) 24.78 (22.98 - 26.66) 7.57 (6.66 - 8.60)
Minnesota 10.65 (9.20 - 12.30) 9.49 (7.67 - 11.69) 23.90 (20.87 - 27.22) 8.40 (6.72 - 10.45)
Mississippi 8.00 (6.83 - 9.35) 7.05 (5.64 - 8.77) 17.89 (15.19 - 20.95) 6.24 (4.94 - 7.86)
Missouri 9.91 (8.62 - 11.37) 8.67 (6.94 - 10.78) 25.45 (22.53 - 28.61) 7.33 (5.86 - 9.13)
Montana 12.25 (10.68 - 14.02) 13.85 (11.41 - 16.70) 29.49 (26.10 - 33.13) 8.99 (7.18 - 11.20)
Nebraska 10.56 (9.21 - 12.08) 8.72 (7.13 - 10.61) 26.18 (22.99 - 29.63) 7.81 (6.31 - 9.62)
Nevada 9.54 (8.16 - 11.13) 8.85 (7.07 - 11.01) 21.75 (18.69 - 25.17) 7.70 (6.16 - 9.59)
New Hampshire 9.52 (8.22 - 11.01) 9.58 (7.73 - 11.81) 25.94 (22.62 - 29.56) 6.91 (5.48 - 8.69)
New Jersey 7.47 (6.33 - 8.80) 7.27 (5.84 - 9.01) 19.65 (16.83 - 22.80) 5.67 (4.40 - 7.27)
New Mexico 9.58 (8.24 - 11.11) 9.01 (7.15 - 11.29) 21.58 (18.70 - 24.78) 7.37 (5.85 - 9.25)
New York 8.68 (7.87 - 9.57) 7.94 (6.97 - 9.03) 21.28 (19.62 - 23.04) 6.63 (5.68 - 7.72)
North Carolina 8.45 (7.22 - 9.88) 7.83 (6.21 - 9.85) 18.87 (16.21 - 21.84) 6.84 (5.45 - 8.54)
North Dakota 10.44 (9.14 - 11.89) 10.38 (8.56 - 12.54) 25.08 (22.05 - 28.36) 7.32 (5.88 - 9.09)
Ohio 9.56 (8.80 - 10.38) 8.07 (7.11 - 9.14) 22.39 (20.77 - 24.11) 7.56 (6.65 - 8.59)
Oklahoma 8.82 (7.58 - 10.24) 8.05 (6.40 - 10.09) 19.98 (17.13 - 23.18) 6.81 (5.44 - 8.50)
Oregon 8.22 (7.02 - 9.60) 8.76 (7.00 - 10.92) 20.13 (17.26 - 23.35) 6.19 (4.90 - 7.77)
Pennsylvania 8.14 (7.42 - 8.92) 7.37 (6.39 - 8.49) 21.52 (19.94 - 23.19) 6.04 (5.19 - 7.01)
Rhode Island 10.96 (9.49 - 12.63) 8.70 (6.91 - 10.89) 26.42 (23.09 - 30.04) 8.42 (6.77 - 10.44)
South Carolina 8.99 (7.73 - 10.43) 7.61 (6.10 - 9.47) 19.29 (16.56 - 22.34) 7.39 (5.97 - 9.11)
South Dakota 10.98 (9.63 - 12.48) 9.37 (7.64 - 11.45) 25.61 (22.50 - 28.99) 8.38 (6.85 - 10.21)
Tennessee 8.62 (7.42 - 10.00) 7.99 (6.40 - 9.93) 22.55 (19.50 - 25.93) 6.41 (5.07 - 8.07)
Texas 9.22 (8.44 - 10.07) 7.22 (6.29 - 8.29) 19.83 (18.21 - 21.55) 7.44 (6.49 - 8.52)
Utah 8.94 (7.67 - 10.39) 7.41 (5.73 - 9.53) 18.45 (15.78 - 21.46) 6.62 (5.20 - 8.40)
Vermont 10.36 (8.98 - 11.94) 9.23 (7.50 - 11.32) 27.98 (24.72 - 31.49) 7.50 (5.96 - 9.40)
Virginia 8.38 (7.13 - 9.81) 7.53 (6.02 - 9.38) 20.69 (17.81 - 23.89) 6.46 (5.09 - 8.16)
Washington 9.55 (8.22 - 11.07) 8.63 (6.95 - 10.68) 21.93 (18.88 - 25.32) 7.57 (6.09 - 9.37)
West Virginia 7.91 (6.78 - 9.21) 7.90 (6.36 - 9.78) 21.72 (19.01 - 24.71) 5.80 (4.56 - 7.36)
Wisconsin 9.95 (8.62 - 11.45) 8.71 (7.06 - 10.71) 25.24 (21.95 - 28.84) 7.40 (5.94 - 9.18)
Wyoming 10.73 (9.34 - 12.31) 9.96 (8.17 - 12.09) 26.07 (22.93 - 29.48) 7.96 (6.44 - 9.81)
71003
Table B.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 2.54   4.32   7.49   1.44  
Alabama 2.25 (1.78 - 2.83) 3.63 (2.61 - 5.01) 6.38 (4.85 - 8.35) 1.35 (0.92 - 1.98)
Alaska 3.07 (2.47 - 3.81) 4.48 (3.30 - 6.04) 7.48 (5.88 - 9.46) 1.97 (1.34 - 2.89)
Arizona 2.53 (2.02 - 3.16) 4.99 (3.66 - 6.77) 6.66 (5.03 - 8.76) 1.45 (0.98 - 2.12)
Arkansas 3.01 (2.45 - 3.71) 6.28 (4.71 - 8.32) 8.50 (6.66 - 10.78) 1.63 (1.10 - 2.39)
California 2.73 (2.39 - 3.11) 4.37 (3.66 - 5.20) 7.74 (6.73 - 8.88) 1.55 (1.20 - 2.01)
Colorado 2.87 (2.35 - 3.49) 5.19 (3.87 - 6.91) 9.10 (7.18 - 11.46) 1.48 (1.01 - 2.16)
Connecticut 2.80 (2.29 - 3.42) 5.23 (3.94 - 6.91) 10.78 (8.50 - 13.57) 1.25 (0.82 - 1.91)
Delaware 2.83 (2.31 - 3.47) 4.61 (3.47 - 6.09) 8.81 (6.89 - 11.20) 1.58 (1.09 - 2.29)
District of Columbia 3.25 (2.53 - 4.18) 3.84 (2.76 - 5.32) 7.05 (5.35 - 9.25) 2.46 (1.67 - 3.60)
Florida 2.63 (2.31 - 3.01) 4.89 (4.14 - 5.77) 8.01 (6.98 - 9.16) 1.56 (1.21 - 2.01)
Georgia 2.66 (2.14 - 3.30) 4.01 (2.99 - 5.38) 7.45 (5.70 - 9.67) 1.61 (1.11 - 2.33)
Hawaii 2.39 (1.78 - 3.20) 3.53 (2.50 - 4.97) 6.33 (4.74 - 8.41) 1.64 (1.01 - 2.66)
Idaho 2.78 (2.29 - 3.39) 4.78 (3.61 - 6.30) 8.41 (6.64 - 10.61) 1.37 (0.94 - 2.01)
Illinois 2.46 (2.15 - 2.82) 4.05 (3.38 - 4.84) 7.05 (6.07 - 8.16) 1.42 (1.10 - 1.83)
Indiana 2.56 (2.10 - 3.11) 4.32 (3.26 - 5.71) 7.99 (6.32 - 10.05) 1.34 (0.93 - 1.92)
Iowa 2.00 (1.54 - 2.59) 3.58 (2.57 - 4.97) 5.32 (3.93 - 7.17) 1.19 (0.76 - 1.85)
Kansas 2.37 (1.93 - 2.91) 4.31 (3.25 - 5.69) 6.52 (4.98 - 8.49) 1.31 (0.90 - 1.90)
Kentucky 2.34 (1.86 - 2.94) 4.39 (3.31 - 5.80) 6.30 (4.75 - 8.32) 1.43 (0.97 - 2.12)
Louisiana 2.74 (2.20 - 3.41) 4.41 (3.33 - 5.83) 6.49 (4.97 - 8.43) 1.76 (1.19 - 2.58)
Maine 3.01 (2.43 - 3.71) 6.33 (4.76 - 8.38) 10.18 (8.12 - 12.69) 1.54 (1.02 - 2.31)
Maryland 2.29 (1.82 - 2.87) 4.21 (3.12 - 5.67) 6.49 (4.95 - 8.47) 1.33 (0.89 - 1.99)
Massachusetts 2.63 (2.14 - 3.23) 5.13 (3.82 - 6.87) 8.66 (6.82 - 10.94) 1.33 (0.90 - 1.95)
Michigan 2.59 (2.27 - 2.95) 3.97 (3.37 - 4.68) 8.14 (7.11 - 9.32) 1.43 (1.10 - 1.85)
Minnesota 2.34 (1.90 - 2.90) 4.19 (3.10 - 5.64) 6.87 (5.35 - 8.80) 1.27 (0.86 - 1.89)
Mississippi 2.81 (2.25 - 3.49) 3.85 (2.87 - 5.16) 7.20 (5.59 - 9.24) 1.81 (1.26 - 2.59)
Missouri 2.45 (2.00 - 3.00) 4.08 (3.07 - 5.39) 7.23 (5.69 - 9.14) 1.39 (0.96 - 1.99)
Montana 2.86 (2.32 - 3.52) 6.04 (4.59 - 7.90) 8.43 (6.66 - 10.62) 1.46 (0.97 - 2.20)
Nebraska 2.18 (1.73 - 2.76) 3.46 (2.51 - 4.75) 6.33 (4.82 - 8.26) 1.21 (0.80 - 1.84)
Nevada 2.37 (1.89 - 2.97) 4.17 (3.11 - 5.58) 6.49 (4.96 - 8.44) 1.48 (1.02 - 2.15)
New Hampshire 2.53 (2.07 - 3.09) 5.19 (3.89 - 6.89) 9.19 (7.24 - 11.59) 1.13 (0.74 - 1.71)
New Jersey 1.92 (1.51 - 2.44) 3.62 (2.66 - 4.90) 6.45 (4.86 - 8.51) 1.01 (0.65 - 1.59)
New Mexico 2.44 (1.96 - 3.04) 4.30 (3.17 - 5.81) 6.96 (5.31 - 9.05) 1.31 (0.88 - 1.94)
New York 2.70 (2.37 - 3.07) 4.18 (3.51 - 4.97) 8.38 (7.31 - 9.58) 1.54 (1.19 - 1.98)
North Carolina 2.69 (2.18 - 3.30) 4.56 (3.41 - 6.09) 7.75 (6.17 - 9.70) 1.62 (1.12 - 2.32)
North Dakota 2.02 (1.57 - 2.58) 3.54 (2.57 - 4.86) 5.73 (4.31 - 7.59) 1.03 (0.64 - 1.64)
Ohio 2.48 (2.16 - 2.84) 4.12 (3.46 - 4.91) 6.99 (6.04 - 8.09) 1.48 (1.14 - 1.92)
Oklahoma 2.67 (2.12 - 3.36) 4.73 (3.46 - 6.44) 6.57 (5.08 - 8.46) 1.65 (1.10 - 2.46)
Oregon 2.43 (1.95 - 3.01) 4.46 (3.30 - 6.01) 7.57 (5.80 - 9.81) 1.32 (0.90 - 1.95)
Pennsylvania 2.19 (1.91 - 2.50) 3.83 (3.20 - 4.59) 6.98 (6.09 - 7.99) 1.19 (0.91 - 1.55)
Rhode Island 3.25 (2.65 - 3.97) 5.20 (3.86 - 6.97) 11.81 (9.43 - 14.70) 1.44 (0.94 - 2.18)
South Carolina 2.72 (2.21 - 3.33) 4.35 (3.29 - 5.75) 7.55 (5.88 - 9.63) 1.66 (1.16 - 2.37)
South Dakota 2.18 (1.75 - 2.71) 4.08 (3.02 - 5.48) 6.25 (4.77 - 8.15) 1.13 (0.74 - 1.72)
Tennessee 2.78 (2.27 - 3.39) 4.61 (3.49 - 6.06) 9.04 (7.16 - 11.37) 1.52 (1.04 - 2.21)
Texas 2.46 (2.16 - 2.80) 4.04 (3.37 - 4.84) 6.77 (5.82 - 7.87) 1.37 (1.06 - 1.77)
Utah 2.85 (2.31 - 3.50) 4.13 (3.05 - 5.58) 6.76 (5.21 - 8.72) 1.56 (1.07 - 2.27)
Vermont 2.88 (2.38 - 3.49) 4.65 (3.49 - 6.15) 10.35 (8.44 - 12.62) 1.39 (0.92 - 2.08)
Virginia 2.24 (1.81 - 2.77) 4.28 (3.21 - 5.68) 6.92 (5.36 - 8.89) 1.20 (0.80 - 1.79)
Washington 2.80 (2.28 - 3.44) 4.51 (3.39 - 5.97) 8.60 (6.75 - 10.90) 1.60 (1.11 - 2.31)
West Virginia 2.69 (2.20 - 3.27) 4.57 (3.48 - 5.98) 9.72 (7.80 - 12.06) 1.41 (0.96 - 2.06)
Wisconsin 2.16 (1.74 - 2.68) 4.02 (2.97 - 5.40) 6.29 (4.80 - 8.20) 1.18 (0.81 - 1.73)
Wyoming 2.43 (1.99 - 2.96) 4.54 (3.46 - 5.95) 7.90 (6.23 - 9.97) 1.13 (0.75 - 1.70)
71003
Table B.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 12 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.30   5.22   17.03   5.88  
Alabama 6.10 (4.97 - 7.47) 4.86 (3.64 - 6.46) 11.95 (9.73 - 14.58) 5.25 (3.97 - 6.91)
Alaska 7.27 (6.17 - 8.56) 5.67 (4.37 - 7.32) 16.09 (13.63 - 18.90) 5.85 (4.56 - 7.48)
Arizona 7.72 (6.49 - 9.16) 5.49 (4.16 - 7.19) 16.32 (13.74 - 19.27) 6.51 (5.11 - 8.26)
Arkansas 7.30 (6.13 - 8.68) 6.16 (4.74 - 7.98) 16.22 (13.71 - 19.08) 5.90 (4.56 - 7.59)
California 7.92 (7.20 - 8.70) 5.15 (4.33 - 6.10) 17.41 (15.85 - 19.08) 6.57 (5.70 - 7.56)
Colorado 8.56 (7.26 - 10.08) 6.72 (5.22 - 8.63) 20.33 (17.43 - 23.57) 6.77 (5.31 - 8.58)
Connecticut 7.90 (6.67 - 9.33) 5.56 (4.29 - 7.17) 21.39 (18.22 - 24.95) 6.13 (4.77 - 7.85)
Delaware 6.33 (5.26 - 7.60) 4.88 (3.75 - 6.33) 15.35 (12.70 - 18.42) 4.97 (3.79 - 6.49)
District of Columbia 9.41 (7.99 - 11.05) 3.51 (2.51 - 4.88) 19.25 (16.51 - 22.33) 8.09 (6.48 - 10.06)
Florida 7.28 (6.55 - 8.08) 4.93 (4.17 - 5.82) 16.29 (14.80 - 17.90) 6.21 (5.35 - 7.19)
Georgia 6.56 (5.38 - 7.99) 4.29 (3.23 - 5.67) 13.64 (11.34 - 16.33) 5.62 (4.27 - 7.37)
Hawaii 6.82 (5.56 - 8.34) 4.43 (3.27 - 5.97) 17.33 (14.40 - 20.71) 5.51 (4.13 - 7.32)
Idaho 7.92 (6.70 - 9.35) 7.00 (5.44 - 8.95) 17.96 (15.31 - 20.95) 6.09 (4.72 - 7.81)
Illinois 7.24 (6.55 - 8.00) 5.28 (4.50 - 6.19) 18.19 (16.56 - 19.95) 5.55 (4.74 - 6.49)
Indiana 7.31 (6.23 - 8.57) 4.76 (3.61 - 6.25) 18.09 (15.49 - 21.03) 5.73 (4.51 - 7.25)
Iowa 8.62 (7.35 - 10.09) 7.88 (6.21 - 9.95) 21.15 (18.19 - 24.45) 6.43 (5.03 - 8.17)
Kansas 8.03 (6.82 - 9.44) 6.92 (5.44 - 8.77) 19.18 (16.31 - 22.43) 6.05 (4.72 - 7.73)
Kentucky 6.08 (5.07 - 7.28) 5.74 (4.49 - 7.32) 14.33 (11.96 - 17.08) 4.77 (3.67 - 6.18)
Louisiana 6.93 (5.78 - 8.30) 4.16 (3.15 - 5.47) 13.45 (11.18 - 16.10) 6.05 (4.71 - 7.74)
Maine 7.23 (5.98 - 8.72) 5.92 (4.57 - 7.64) 16.94 (14.29 - 19.97) 5.93 (4.53 - 7.73)
Maryland 6.68 (5.60 - 7.95) 5.01 (3.87 - 6.45) 15.97 (13.47 - 18.84) 5.38 (4.17 - 6.91)
Massachusetts 7.88 (6.70 - 9.25) 5.40 (4.15 - 7.00) 19.05 (16.48 - 21.90) 6.33 (4.99 - 8.00)
Michigan 7.89 (7.19 - 8.65) 4.97 (4.25 - 5.80) 19.78 (18.19 - 21.48) 6.24 (5.40 - 7.19)
Minnesota 8.86 (7.49 - 10.46) 6.24 (4.81 - 8.07) 20.34 (17.47 - 23.55) 7.13 (5.57 - 9.08)
Mississippi 6.14 (5.11 - 7.35) 4.39 (3.35 - 5.73) 13.39 (11.09 - 16.08) 5.00 (3.86 - 6.46)
Missouri 8.20 (6.98 - 9.60) 6.03 (4.69 - 7.71) 20.97 (18.21 - 24.02) 6.23 (4.86 - 7.94)
Montana 10.02 (8.58 - 11.67) 10.04 (7.87 - 12.73) 24.78 (21.49 - 28.39) 7.40 (5.77 - 9.44)
Nebraska 9.06 (7.81 - 10.49) 6.47 (5.06 - 8.25) 22.35 (19.39 - 25.62) 6.86 (5.44 - 8.62)
Nevada 7.78 (6.51 - 9.28) 6.27 (4.81 - 8.12) 16.75 (14.12 - 19.77) 6.56 (5.13 - 8.34)
New Hampshire 7.68 (6.48 - 9.07) 6.17 (4.76 - 7.96) 20.86 (17.95 - 24.09) 5.79 (4.47 - 7.47)
New Jersey 5.94 (4.89 - 7.20) 5.37 (4.11 - 6.99) 15.02 (12.48 - 17.96) 4.65 (3.49 - 6.16)
New Mexico 7.57 (6.33 - 9.04) 6.12 (4.71 - 7.92) 16.99 (14.30 - 20.08) 5.99 (4.58 - 7.79)
New York 6.56 (5.86 - 7.32) 5.15 (4.39 - 6.05) 16.11 (14.54 - 17.81) 5.11 (4.32 - 6.03)
North Carolina 6.26 (5.19 - 7.53) 4.70 (3.60 - 6.11) 13.84 (11.60 - 16.43) 5.23 (4.02 - 6.78)
North Dakota 9.04 (7.84 - 10.41) 7.46 (5.86 - 9.45) 23.01 (20.09 - 26.20) 6.27 (4.93 - 7.95)
Ohio 7.31 (6.62 - 8.05) 5.14 (4.40 - 6.01) 17.91 (16.41 - 19.50) 5.78 (4.97 - 6.70)
Oklahoma 7.04 (5.87 - 8.42) 4.73 (3.56 - 6.25) 15.97 (13.44 - 18.87) 5.66 (4.35 - 7.32)
Oregon 6.60 (5.52 - 7.88) 6.01 (4.61 - 7.79) 16.09 (13.48 - 19.08) 5.11 (3.93 - 6.62)
Pennsylvania 6.48 (5.84 - 7.19) 4.95 (4.23 - 5.79) 17.09 (15.63 - 18.66) 4.93 (4.19 - 5.80)
Rhode Island 8.23 (6.91 - 9.79) 5.11 (3.83 - 6.78) 18.44 (15.61 - 21.65) 6.76 (5.27 - 8.64)
South Carolina 7.09 (5.94 - 8.46) 4.44 (3.43 - 5.73) 14.34 (12.06 - 16.98) 6.20 (4.86 - 7.87)
South Dakota 9.46 (8.13 - 10.98) 6.28 (4.94 - 7.97) 22.46 (19.53 - 25.69) 7.39 (5.87 - 9.25)
Tennessee 6.44 (5.33 - 7.77) 4.52 (3.43 - 5.93) 16.09 (13.59 - 18.96) 5.10 (3.84 - 6.73)
Texas 7.71 (7.00 - 8.48) 4.75 (4.01 - 5.62) 15.96 (14.51 - 17.52) 6.54 (5.67 - 7.54)
Utah 6.82 (5.69 - 8.17) 4.66 (3.42 - 6.33) 14.81 (12.26 - 17.78) 5.04 (3.75 - 6.74)
Vermont 8.33 (7.11 - 9.73) 6.20 (4.81 - 7.96) 21.99 (19.19 - 25.08) 6.26 (4.90 - 7.96)
Virginia 6.87 (5.73 - 8.21) 4.90 (3.72 - 6.43) 16.98 (14.41 - 19.91) 5.46 (4.20 - 7.08)
Washington 7.33 (6.21 - 8.64) 5.57 (4.34 - 7.13) 16.79 (14.28 - 19.65) 5.96 (4.69 - 7.56)
West Virginia 6.17 (5.14 - 7.38) 5.29 (4.06 - 6.86) 16.41 (13.95 - 19.21) 4.70 (3.58 - 6.16)
Wisconsin 8.00 (6.86 - 9.31) 5.72 (4.45 - 7.32) 20.98 (18.02 - 24.27) 6.00 (4.76 - 7.54)
Wyoming 8.67 (7.38 - 10.16) 6.94 (5.47 - 8.77) 20.50 (17.69 - 23.64) 6.68 (5.23 - 8.49)
71003
Table B.23 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Serious psychological distress (SPD) is defined as having a score of 13 or higher on the K6 scale. Because of questionnaire changes, these estimates are not comparable with estimates from the 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 State reports, the 2002-2004 substate report, and the 2004 and earlier national results reports. For details, see Section A.8 in Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 11.29   18.14   10.10  
Alabama 11.24 (9.71 - 12.98) 17.20 (14.95 - 19.71) 10.21 (8.51 - 12.20)
Alaska 11.34 (9.74 - 13.17) 17.87 (15.56 - 20.44) 10.08 (8.30 - 12.20)
Arizona 11.66 (10.02 - 13.54) 17.47 (15.04 - 20.19) 10.63 (8.81 - 12.78)
Arkansas 13.30 (11.51 - 15.32) 20.15 (17.56 - 23.02) 12.10 (10.12 - 14.41)
California 10.23 (9.29 - 11.24) 18.19 (16.73 - 19.75) 8.75 (7.72 - 9.91)
Colorado 11.32 (9.78 - 13.08) 18.07 (15.53 - 20.92) 10.15 (8.46 - 12.13)
Connecticut 10.61 (9.04 - 12.41) 19.86 (17.18 - 22.83) 9.18 (7.51 - 11.18)
Delaware 10.66 (9.12 - 12.44) 17.08 (14.71 - 19.74) 9.57 (7.87 - 11.58)
District of Columbia 11.23 (9.68 - 12.99) 18.21 (15.64 - 21.08) 9.88 (8.19 - 11.88)
Florida 10.30 (9.37 - 11.32) 16.37 (15.05 - 17.79) 9.39 (8.35 - 10.55)
Georgia 11.81 (10.11 - 13.76) 18.34 (15.88 - 21.09) 10.65 (8.76 - 12.88)
Hawaii 8.84 (7.42 - 10.50) 19.18 (16.62 - 22.03) 7.26 (5.75 - 9.13)
Idaho 12.01 (10.48 - 13.74) 19.50 (17.09 - 22.15) 10.54 (8.83 - 12.53)
Illinois 10.32 (9.39 - 11.34) 16.61 (15.23 - 18.07) 9.20 (8.15 - 10.38)
Indiana 12.73 (11.02 - 14.65) 19.42 (16.97 - 22.12) 11.52 (9.65 - 13.70)
Iowa 11.34 (9.75 - 13.16) 17.20 (14.89 - 19.79) 10.27 (8.52 - 12.34)
Kansas 13.76 (11.89 - 15.87) 18.67 (16.15 - 21.49) 12.82 (10.74 - 15.24)
Kentucky 13.43 (11.62 - 15.48) 18.26 (15.89 - 20.89) 12.64 (10.65 - 14.95)
Louisiana 12.52 (10.72 - 14.56) 16.27 (13.97 - 18.87) 11.78 (9.75 - 14.16)
Maine 12.15 (10.43 - 14.10) 20.25 (17.86 - 22.86) 10.93 (9.05 - 13.14)
Maryland 9.99 (8.64 - 11.52) 17.99 (15.68 - 20.55) 8.67 (7.21 - 10.41)
Massachusetts 10.71 (9.20 - 12.45) 19.31 (16.92 - 21.95) 9.29 (7.65 - 11.23)
Michigan 11.65 (10.72 - 12.65) 18.96 (17.53 - 20.49) 10.38 (9.34 - 11.53)
Minnesota 11.26 (9.72 - 13.01) 18.94 (16.55 - 21.58) 9.86 (8.17 - 11.87)
Mississippi 12.40 (10.72 - 14.31) 18.45 (15.95 - 21.25) 11.24 (9.38 - 13.42)
Missouri 13.81 (12.01 - 15.83) 20.34 (17.93 - 22.98) 12.65 (10.65 - 14.97)
Montana 12.45 (10.77 - 14.35) 19.62 (17.16 - 22.35) 11.18 (9.34 - 13.32)
Nebraska 12.86 (11.13 - 14.82) 17.69 (15.40 - 20.23) 11.93 (10.01 - 14.17)
Nevada 11.78 (10.16 - 13.63) 18.87 (16.28 - 21.77) 10.66 (8.91 - 12.71)
New Hampshire 11.20 (9.61 - 13.02) 20.16 (17.56 - 23.05) 9.78 (8.06 - 11.82)
New Jersey 10.06 (8.57 - 11.78) 16.84 (14.49 - 19.48) 9.04 (7.43 - 10.96)
New Mexico 12.21 (10.46 - 14.22) 17.95 (15.58 - 20.58) 11.12 (9.18 - 13.41)
New York 10.87 (9.89 - 11.94) 16.95 (15.45 - 18.55) 9.83 (8.74 - 11.05)
North Carolina 11.58 (9.86 - 13.55) 17.31 (15.02 - 19.87) 10.64 (8.77 - 12.86)
North Dakota 11.58 (9.98 - 13.38) 18.44 (16.01 - 21.14) 10.12 (8.36 - 12.19)
Ohio 11.94 (10.96 - 12.99) 20.32 (18.84 - 21.89) 10.50 (9.40 - 11.70)
Oklahoma 13.31 (11.53 - 15.31) 19.31 (16.78 - 22.12) 12.17 (10.22 - 14.44)
Oregon 11.24 (9.71 - 12.97) 20.77 (18.05 - 23.78) 9.66 (8.04 - 11.58)
Pennsylvania 10.94 (9.93 - 12.03) 18.28 (16.85 - 19.80) 9.73 (8.61 - 10.99)
Rhode Island 13.47 (11.69 - 15.48) 20.99 (18.28 - 23.99) 12.10 (10.13 - 14.39)
South Carolina 12.31 (10.61 - 14.24) 17.88 (15.48 - 20.56) 11.35 (9.48 - 13.53)
South Dakota 10.73 (9.16 - 12.53) 16.55 (14.22 - 19.18) 9.61 (7.89 - 11.65)
Tennessee 13.32 (11.51 - 15.37) 19.66 (17.09 - 22.52) 12.28 (10.28 - 14.60)
Texas 10.96 (9.98 - 12.03) 16.19 (14.74 - 17.75) 9.94 (8.83 - 11.17)
Utah 14.40 (12.56 - 16.45) 21.46 (18.77 - 24.42) 12.48 (10.42 - 14.88)
Vermont 12.41 (10.74 - 14.31) 22.55 (19.83 - 25.54) 10.68 (8.85 - 12.85)
Virginia 10.56 (9.06 - 12.28) 19.88 (17.35 - 22.68) 9.03 (7.39 - 10.98)
Washington 10.83 (9.33 - 12.53) 19.63 (17.10 - 22.44) 9.33 (7.73 - 11.24)
West Virginia 14.04 (12.15 - 16.17) 19.85 (17.42 - 22.52) 13.15 (11.06 - 15.56)
Wisconsin 11.60 (10.00 - 13.42) 18.16 (15.79 - 20.79) 10.44 (8.68 - 12.50)
Wyoming 13.22 (11.47 - 15.18) 20.09 (17.62 - 22.81) 11.93 (9.99 - 14.19)
71003
Table B.24 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2005 and 2006 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2005 and 2006.
Total U.S. 7.25   8.36   9.36   6.88  
Alabama 7.20 (5.90 - 8.75) 7.55 (6.11 - 9.31) 8.85 (7.22 - 10.82) 6.91 (5.47 - 8.69)
Alaska 6.82 (5.56 - 8.35) 8.72 (7.07 - 10.71) 8.43 (6.79 - 10.42) 6.52 (5.11 - 8.28)
Arizona 7.20 (5.87 - 8.81) 8.67 (7.04 - 10.65) 8.93 (7.20 - 11.03) 6.90 (5.41 - 8.75)
Arkansas 9.20 (7.57 - 11.14) 8.41 (6.91 - 10.20) 11.30 (9.31 - 13.66) 8.84 (7.03 - 11.04)
California 6.14 (5.40 - 6.97) 8.10 (7.14 - 9.16) 8.57 (7.52 - 9.76) 5.69 (4.86 - 6.66)
Colorado 8.21 (6.77 - 9.93) 9.73 (7.95 - 11.85) 10.51 (8.59 - 12.79) 7.81 (6.22 - 9.78)
Connecticut 6.59 (5.32 - 8.13) 8.32 (6.85 - 10.06) 9.59 (7.76 - 11.81) 6.12 (4.75 - 7.87)
Delaware 7.64 (6.30 - 9.25) 9.01 (7.40 - 10.93) 9.12 (7.43 - 11.14) 7.39 (5.89 - 9.24)
District of Columbia 8.26 (6.76 - 10.05) 7.52 (5.99 - 9.38) 9.49 (7.66 - 11.71) 8.02 (6.32 - 10.12)
Florida 6.36 (5.57 - 7.25) 8.91 (7.94 - 9.99) 8.36 (7.35 - 9.50) 6.05 (5.18 - 7.06)
Georgia 7.15 (5.86 - 8.69) 8.26 (6.72 - 10.13) 8.48 (6.80 - 10.54) 6.91 (5.47 - 8.69)
Hawaii 5.02 (3.93 - 6.40) 8.62 (6.87 - 10.77) 7.49 (5.85 - 9.53) 4.64 (3.46 - 6.20)
Idaho 8.16 (6.79 - 9.77) 9.37 (7.66 - 11.41) 11.22 (9.25 - 13.56) 7.55 (6.01 - 9.45)
Illinois 6.52 (5.75 - 7.39) 7.58 (6.67 - 8.59) 8.51 (7.49 - 9.66) 6.17 (5.30 - 7.17)
Indiana 8.67 (7.24 - 10.35) 8.01 (6.58 - 9.71) 10.21 (8.45 - 12.29) 8.39 (6.79 - 10.33)
Iowa 6.99 (5.75 - 8.47) 8.29 (6.74 - 10.16) 9.08 (7.36 - 11.14) 6.61 (5.25 - 8.29)
Kansas 8.07 (6.67 - 9.74) 8.60 (7.10 - 10.37) 10.58 (8.77 - 12.71) 7.59 (6.03 - 9.52)
Kentucky 8.67 (7.22 - 10.38) 9.46 (7.86 - 11.33) 9.16 (7.40 - 11.29) 8.59 (6.97 - 10.54)
Louisiana 7.57 (6.24 - 9.16) 8.21 (6.73 - 9.97) 9.69 (7.93 - 11.77) 7.16 (5.67 - 9.00)
Maine 8.80 (7.31 - 10.55) 8.96 (7.35 - 10.89) 10.80 (8.88 - 13.07) 8.49 (6.87 - 10.47)
Maryland 6.43 (5.30 - 7.78) 8.44 (6.95 - 10.22) 9.25 (7.51 - 11.35) 5.96 (4.73 - 7.50)
Massachusetts 7.86 (6.53 - 9.42) 8.02 (6.49 - 9.89) 11.09 (9.16 - 13.36) 7.32 (5.87 - 9.09)
Michigan 8.20 (7.34 - 9.14) 8.35 (7.45 - 9.33) 10.22 (9.14 - 11.42) 7.85 (6.89 - 8.92)
Minnesota 7.10 (5.86 - 8.59) 8.43 (6.90 - 10.28) 9.23 (7.49 - 11.31) 6.72 (5.33 - 8.43)
Mississippi 7.79 (6.46 - 9.38) 7.90 (6.44 - 9.67) 9.19 (7.44 - 11.31) 7.52 (6.03 - 9.36)
Missouri 8.65 (7.21 - 10.36) 9.34 (7.76 - 11.19) 10.24 (8.43 - 12.40) 8.37 (6.75 - 10.34)
Montana 8.84 (7.32 - 10.63) 8.99 (7.39 - 10.90) 10.57 (8.72 - 12.75) 8.53 (6.82 - 10.62)
Nebraska 8.10 (6.70 - 9.75) 8.45 (6.98 - 10.20) 9.24 (7.54 - 11.27) 7.88 (6.32 - 9.78)
Nevada 9.38 (7.71 - 11.37) 8.15 (6.58 - 10.07) 11.21 (9.08 - 13.76) 9.09 (7.25 - 11.36)
New Hampshire 8.49 (7.08 - 10.14) 9.39 (7.70 - 11.40) 10.45 (8.51 - 12.77) 8.17 (6.62 - 10.05)
New Jersey 6.60 (5.36 - 8.10) 8.09 (6.58 - 9.91) 8.89 (7.24 - 10.88) 6.25 (4.89 - 7.96)
New Mexico 7.39 (6.01 - 9.07) 8.86 (7.21 - 10.84) 9.12 (7.40 - 11.19) 7.07 (5.51 - 9.02)
New York 7.05 (6.23 - 7.97) 7.85 (6.94 - 8.87) 8.69 (7.62 - 9.91) 6.77 (5.85 - 7.82)
North Carolina 7.39 (6.03 - 9.03) 8.36 (6.81 - 10.23) 8.65 (6.96 - 10.70) 7.19 (5.69 - 9.05)
North Dakota 7.88 (6.61 - 9.37) 8.51 (6.97 - 10.35) 10.84 (9.01 - 12.99) 7.25 (5.82 - 9.00)
Ohio 8.18 (7.31 - 9.14) 8.28 (7.37 - 9.29) 10.58 (9.46 - 11.81) 7.76 (6.79 - 8.87)
Oklahoma 8.42 (7.00 - 10.10) 9.14 (7.47 - 11.14) 10.45 (8.58 - 12.67) 8.04 (6.46 - 9.97)
Oregon 7.76 (6.41 - 9.36) 8.13 (6.63 - 9.95) 11.17 (9.17 - 13.55) 7.19 (5.70 - 9.04)
Pennsylvania 6.50 (5.69 - 7.41) 7.67 (6.74 - 8.71) 8.85 (7.85 - 9.96) 6.11 (5.20 - 7.16)
Rhode Island 9.13 (7.58 - 10.96) 7.92 (6.35 - 9.83) 10.58 (8.62 - 12.93) 8.86 (7.12 - 10.98)
South Carolina 7.61 (6.28 - 9.20) 7.86 (6.45 - 9.56) 9.85 (8.09 - 11.95) 7.23 (5.75 - 9.05)
South Dakota 6.64 (5.35 - 8.23) 7.57 (6.09 - 9.39) 8.65 (6.95 - 10.71) 6.26 (4.83 - 8.08)
Tennessee 8.78 (7.22 - 10.63) 8.25 (6.82 - 9.94) 10.76 (8.81 - 13.09) 8.45 (6.72 - 10.56)
Texas 6.76 (5.99 - 7.61) 8.64 (7.65 - 9.75) 8.60 (7.60 - 9.72) 6.39 (5.53 - 7.38)
Utah 9.04 (7.63 - 10.68) 8.22 (6.66 - 10.11) 11.26 (9.32 - 13.55) 8.44 (6.82 - 10.41)
Vermont 8.75 (7.24 - 10.54) 8.69 (7.11 - 10.57) 12.20 (10.08 - 14.69) 8.17 (6.48 - 10.25)
Virginia 7.12 (5.82 - 8.68) 8.94 (7.38 - 10.78) 10.87 (8.95 - 13.16) 6.50 (5.07 - 8.30)
Washington 7.04 (5.77 - 8.57) 9.14 (7.48 - 11.12) 10.05 (8.16 - 12.31) 6.53 (5.14 - 8.27)
West Virginia 9.08 (7.46 - 11.01) 8.28 (6.84 - 9.98) 10.77 (8.92 - 12.94) 8.82 (7.02 - 11.02)
Wisconsin 7.95 (6.57 - 9.58) 9.02 (7.46 - 10.86) 9.65 (7.86 - 11.79) 7.64 (6.12 - 9.51)
Wyoming 8.52 (7.01 - 10.32) 8.88 (7.35 - 10.68) 11.91 (9.83 - 14.36) 7.89 (6.21 - 9.96)

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