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2005 2005 State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health

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2005 State Estimates of Substance Use & Mental Health

Table of Contents
Substance Use and Mental Health Data by State and Age Group (Numbers of Persons in Thousands)
 

Table 1. Illicit Drug Use in Past Month by State and Age Group

Marijuana by State and Age Group:

Table 6. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month

Table 7. Cocaine Use in Past Year

Table 8.  Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year

Alcohol by State and Age Group:

Tobacco by State and Age Group:

Dependence or Abuse by State and Age Group:

Treatment Gap by State and Age Group:

Mental Health by State and Age Group:

61103

Table 1. Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 19,397   2,592   6,391   10,413  
Alabama 275 (234 - 323) 42 (34 - 50) 94 (79 - 111) 139 (106 - 183)
Alaska 63 (53 - 73) 9 (7 - 11) 17 (15 - 20) 37 (29 - 47)
Arizona 345 (291 - 408) 57 (46 - 70) 97 (80 - 119) 191 (148 - 244)
Arkansas 173 (147 - 204) 26 (21 - 32) 57 (49 - 67) 90 (69 - 118)
California 2,575 (2,357 - 2,814) 348 (310 - 390) 777 (711 - 848) 1,450 (1,254 - 1,675)
Colorado 375 (322 - 433) 47 (39 - 57) 136 (118 - 156) 191 (149 - 245)
Connecticut 262 (223 - 308) 34 (28 - 40) 91 (79 - 105) 137 (104 - 181)
Delaware 58 (50 - 67) 8 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 26) 28 (21 - 36)
District of Columbia 44 (37 - 53) 4 (3 - 4) 14 (12 - 17) 26 (20 - 34)
Florida 1,216 (1,112 - 1,331) 147 (131 - 166) 367 (339 - 397) 701 (605 - 811)
Georgia 539 (456 - 637) 68 (55 - 85) 172 (144 - 205) 299 (230 - 387)
Hawaii 86 (70 - 103) 11 (9 - 14) 25 (21 - 30) 50 (37 - 67)
Idaho 80 (67 - 95) 12 (10 - 15) 28 (24 - 34) 40 (30 - 53)
Illinois 780 (711 - 856) 104 (92 - 117) 262 (240 - 286) 414 (354 - 484)
Indiana 378 (321 - 442) 55 (45 - 66) 131 (110 - 155) 192 (147 - 250)
Iowa 146 (121 - 175) 23 (18 - 28) 51 (42 - 62) 72 (53 - 98)
Kansas 161 (135 - 191) 23 (19 - 29) 55 (45 - 66) 83 (63 - 110)
Kentucky 288 (244 - 340) 38 (32 - 46) 82 (69 - 98) 168 (130 - 216)
Louisiana 299 (253 - 353) 36 (29 - 44) 103 (87 - 122) 160 (123 - 208)
Maine 107 (91 - 125) 16 (13 - 19) 35 (31 - 40) 56 (43 - 73)
Maryland 301 (249 - 362) 45 (36 - 56) 93 (77 - 111) 163 (121 - 218)
Massachusetts 503 (434 - 583) 63 (52 - 76) 197 (172 - 223) 244 (186 - 319)
Michigan 730 (669 - 795) 96 (86 - 107) 245 (227 - 264) 389 (334 - 451)
Minnesota 349 (295 - 410) 45 (37 - 55) 114 (95 - 134) 191 (147 - 247)
Mississippi 157 (131 - 186) 23 (18 - 28) 51 (42 - 61) 83 (63 - 110)
Missouri 366 (311 - 431) 53 (44 - 64) 120 (101 - 140) 193 (148 - 251)
Montana 77 (66 - 90) 10 (8 - 12) 25 (22 - 29) 42 (32 - 54)
Nebraska 93 (78 - 111) 14 (11 - 18) 36 (30 - 43) 43 (31 - 58)
Nevada 161 (136 - 190) 20 (17 - 25) 47 (40 - 56) 93 (72 - 120)
New Hampshire 98 (84 - 114) 13 (10 - 15) 36 (31 - 42) 49 (38 - 63)
New Jersey 517 (437 - 612) 72 (58 - 88) 170 (145 - 199) 275 (208 - 362)
New Mexico 139 (117 - 164) 23 (19 - 27) 45 (38 - 53) 71 (54 - 94)
New York 1,478 (1,353 - 1,616) 175 (156 - 196) 488 (450 - 528) 815 (704 - 943)
North Carolina 511 (434 - 601) 78 (64 - 94) 156 (130 - 186) 277 (215 - 357)
North Dakota 33 (27 - 40) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 13) 18 (13 - 24)
Ohio 743 (680 - 813) 101 (90 - 112) 245 (225 - 266) 397 (342 - 462)
Oklahoma 233 (196 - 276) 33 (27 - 41) 76 (63 - 89) 124 (94 - 163)
Oregon 291 (251 - 338) 36 (30 - 44) 95 (81 - 110) 160 (126 - 202)
Pennsylvania 823 (751 - 903) 101 (90 - 114) 281 (260 - 304) 441 (376 - 517)
Rhode Island 97 (83 - 111) 12 (10 - 14) 37 (32 - 42) 48 (37 - 61)
South Carolina 253 (215 - 299) 36 (29 - 43) 83 (69 - 99) 135 (104 - 174)
South Dakota 41 (34 - 50) 7 (5 - 8) 14 (12 - 17) 21 (15 - 28)
Tennessee 394 (334 - 462) 48 (39 - 58) 123 (104 - 145) 223 (173 - 285)
Texas 1,213 (1,106 - 1,329) 182 (161 - 205) 451 (410 - 494) 581 (491 - 685)
Utah 142 (120 - 169) 20 (16 - 25) 51 (42 - 62) 71 (54 - 94)
Vermont 57 (49 - 66) 7 (6 - 8) 21 (18 - 24) 29 (23 - 37)
Virginia 411 (344 - 489) 52 (41 - 65) 142 (119 - 168) 217 (163 - 288)
Washington 438 (369 - 516) 51 (41 - 62) 145 (122 - 170) 243 (187 - 313)
West Virginia 119 (102 - 139) 15 (12 - 18) 41 (36 - 47) 64 (49 - 82)
Wisconsin 346 (291 - 408) 50 (41 - 61) 123 (104 - 144) 174 (131 - 231)
Wyoming 32 (27 - 38) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 13) 17 (13 - 22)

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Table 2. Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 25,414   3,520   9,038   12,857  
Alabama 328 (284 - 381) 48 (40 - 57) 124 (108 - 142) 156 (120 - 202)
Alaska 83 (73 - 94) 11 (9 - 14) 26 (23 - 29) 46 (37 - 56)
Arizona 465 (399 - 540) 82 (68 - 98) 152 (130 - 176) 232 (179 - 299)
Arkansas 218 (190 - 250) 32 (27 - 38) 81 (71 - 92) 106 (83 - 134)
California 3,322 (3,067 - 3,598) 458 (414 - 506) 1,102 (1,025 - 1,182) 1,762 (1,538 - 2,015)
Colorado 467 (405 - 535) 65 (55 - 76) 165 (145 - 186) 237 (187 - 298)
Connecticut 397 (345 - 457) 55 (47 - 65) 130 (116 - 144) 212 (166 - 269)
Delaware 75 (65 - 86) 10 (8 - 11) 28 (25 - 32) 37 (29 - 47)
District of Columbia 68 (60 - 78) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (20 - 25) 41 (34 - 51)
Florida 1,475 (1,365 - 1,596) 203 (186 - 222) 506 (474 - 539) 766 (665 - 881)
Georgia 689 (594 - 799) 94 (77 - 114) 249 (217 - 285) 346 (269 - 443)
Hawaii 112 (94 - 133) 14 (12 - 18) 36 (31 - 41) 62 (47 - 82)
Idaho 108 (93 - 124) 16 (14 - 20) 44 (39 - 50) 48 (36 - 62)
Illinois 1,040 (963 - 1,125) 147 (133 - 162) 381 (355 - 409) 512 (445 - 589)
Indiana 492 (425 - 566) 73 (61 - 86) 196 (172 - 221) 224 (171 - 291)
Iowa 199 (168 - 233) 26 (21 - 32) 80 (69 - 92) 93 (70 - 124)
Kansas 227 (196 - 262) 33 (28 - 39) 84 (72 - 96) 110 (86 - 141)
Kentucky 338 (291 - 390) 44 (37 - 52) 110 (95 - 126) 184 (145 - 232)
Louisiana 340 (292 - 397) 45 (37 - 55) 134 (116 - 153) 161 (123 - 209)
Maine 143 (125 - 163) 20 (17 - 23) 50 (45 - 56) 72 (57 - 92)
Maryland 465 (399 - 540) 71 (60 - 85) 162 (142 - 184) 231 (178 - 299)
Massachusetts 673 (590 - 767) 85 (72 - 100) 256 (230 - 283) 332 (263 - 418)
Michigan 1,002 (930 - 1,080) 131 (119 - 144) 360 (339 - 382) 511 (447 - 583)
Minnesota 495 (428 - 567) 66 (56 - 78) 168 (147 - 191) 261 (206 - 329)
Mississippi 194 (165 - 228) 28 (23 - 34) 71 (61 - 82) 95 (72 - 125)
Missouri 506 (441 - 580) 73 (61 - 86) 177 (154 - 201) 257 (204 - 322)
Montana 106 (94 - 121) 14 (12 - 17) 39 (35 - 43) 54 (43 - 67)
Nebraska 130 (111 - 152) 17 (14 - 21) 49 (42 - 57) 64 (49 - 83)
Nevada 202 (173 - 234) 30 (24 - 36) 66 (57 - 76) 106 (83 - 135)
New Hampshire 139 (121 - 159) 17 (14 - 20) 50 (44 - 55) 73 (57 - 91)
New Jersey 670 (573 - 781) 94 (77 - 113) 237 (206 - 270) 339 (260 - 441)
New Mexico 173 (149 - 200) 30 (25 - 35) 63 (55 - 72) 80 (62 - 104)
New York 1,917 (1,780 - 2,065) 232 (209 - 257) 663 (622 - 706) 1,022 (899 - 1,159)
North Carolina 698 (601 - 809) 96 (81 - 114) 244 (212 - 279) 357 (278 - 458)
North Dakota 45 (39 - 53) 6 (5 - 7) 20 (17 - 22) 20 (15 - 27)
Ohio 961 (892 - 1,036) 135 (122 - 148) 343 (321 - 366) 483 (422 - 552)
Oklahoma 258 (223 - 298) 43 (35 - 51) 97 (84 - 111) 118 (91 - 154)
Oregon 413 (362 - 469) 55 (47 - 64) 139 (124 - 155) 219 (177 - 270)
Pennsylvania 1,141 (1,054 - 1,236) 146 (133 - 161) 409 (385 - 435) 586 (508 - 674)
Rhode Island 133 (118 - 149) 17 (15 - 20) 53 (48 - 58) 63 (50 - 78)
South Carolina 327 (281 - 380) 47 (40 - 56) 112 (96 - 129) 168 (131 - 215)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 64) 9 (7 - 11) 22 (19 - 25) 24 (18 - 32)
Tennessee 505 (433 - 586) 65 (54 - 77) 166 (144 - 190) 274 (215 - 349)
Texas 1,536 (1,417 - 1,664) 250 (225 - 278) 585 (541 - 632) 700 (600 - 816)
Utah 162 (139 - 190) 25 (20 - 31) 70 (60 - 82) 67 (50 - 89)
Vermont 77 (68 - 88) 9 (8 - 11) 29 (26 - 32) 40 (32 - 49)
Virginia 555 (477 - 644) 76 (63 - 91) 218 (192 - 246) 260 (197 - 343)
Washington 590 (506 - 684) 69 (57 - 84) 207 (181 - 234) 314 (245 - 401)
West Virginia 149 (129 - 170) 19 (16 - 22) 58 (51 - 65) 73 (57 - 93)
Wisconsin 504 (437 - 576) 75 (64 - 87) 191 (169 - 215) 238 (185 - 305)
Wyoming 44 (38 - 51) 6 (5 - 8) 16 (14 - 19) 22 (17 - 28)

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Table 3. Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 14,601   1,820   5,293   7,489  
Alabama 184 (152 - 223) 26 (20 - 33) 71 (58 - 86) 87 (64 - 120)
Alaska 52 (44 - 62) 7 (5 - 9) 16 (13 - 18) 30 (23 - 39)
Arizona 251 (207 - 303) 42 (33 - 54) 85 (68 - 104) 124 (92 - 169)
Arkansas 125 (104 - 151) 18 (14 - 23) 45 (37 - 54) 63 (46 - 84)
California 1,951 (1,761 - 2,161) 247 (216 - 282) 643 (584 - 708) 1,061 (896 - 1,255)
Colorado 284 (239 - 335) 36 (29 - 46) 106 (90 - 124) 141 (107 - 186)
Connecticut 220 (186 - 261) 27 (21 - 33) 82 (70 - 95) 112 (84 - 150)
Delaware 43 (36 - 51) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 22) 19 (14 - 26)
District of Columbia 34 (28 - 41) 2 (2 - 3) 12 (10 - 15) 19 (14 - 26)
Florida 863 (779 - 959) 102 (89 - 117) 309 (282 - 338) 452 (379 - 538)
Georgia 404 (332 - 492) 47 (36 - 61) 144 (119 - 173) 213 (157 - 288)
Hawaii 63 (51 - 78) 8 (6 - 10) 21 (17 - 25) 35 (25 - 49)
Idaho 58 (48 - 70) 8 (6 - 10) 22 (18 - 27) 28 (20 - 38)
Illinois 582 (525 - 644) 70 (60 - 81) 224 (204 - 246) 287 (239 - 345)
Indiana 263 (217 - 316) 36 (28 - 46) 102 (85 - 122) 125 (92 - 170)
Iowa 105 (86 - 128) 14 (11 - 19) 41 (33 - 51) 50 (35 - 69)
Kansas 118 (97 - 143) 16 (12 - 21) 45 (37 - 55) 57 (41 - 77)
Kentucky 210 (175 - 252) 26 (21 - 33) 66 (55 - 80) 118 (89 - 155)
Louisiana 202 (169 - 243) 23 (18 - 30) 80 (67 - 96) 99 (73 - 133)
Maine 97 (82 - 114) 13 (11 - 16) 34 (29 - 39) 50 (37 - 66)
Maryland 233 (191 - 285) 34 (26 - 43) 79 (65 - 97) 120 (87 - 166)
Massachusetts 407 (347 - 476) 49 (38 - 62) 168 (146 - 192) 190 (143 - 251)
Michigan 561 (509 - 619) 68 (60 - 77) 207 (189 - 225) 287 (242 - 339)
Minnesota 297 (247 - 354) 34 (27 - 43) 100 (84 - 118) 163 (123 - 215)
Mississippi 113 (91 - 139) 15 (11 - 19) 40 (33 - 49) 58 (41 - 80)
Missouri 265 (219 - 319) 37 (29 - 47) 97 (81 - 117) 131 (96 - 178)
Montana 64 (54 - 76) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 26) 34 (26 - 45)
Nebraska 72 (59 - 88) 9 (7 - 11) 31 (25 - 38) 32 (23 - 45)
Nevada 118 (98 - 142) 14 (11 - 18) 39 (32 - 46) 65 (49 - 86)
New Hampshire 84 (71 - 99) 10 (8 - 13) 32 (28 - 38) 42 (31 - 55)
New Jersey 368 (303 - 447) 48 (37 - 62) 133 (110 - 160) 186 (136 - 254)
New Mexico 104 (87 - 124) 16 (12 - 20) 40 (33 - 47) 49 (36 - 66)
New York 1,162 (1,060 - 1,275) 133 (116 - 153) 428 (393 - 466) 601 (512 - 704)
North Carolina 395 (328 - 475) 56 (44 - 71) 135 (112 - 162) 204 (152 - 274)
North Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (8 - 12) 13 (9 - 18)
Ohio 570 (515 - 630) 73 (64 - 83) 201 (183 - 221) 296 (248 - 352)
Oklahoma 149 (123 - 181) 21 (16 - 27) 57 (47 - 69) 71 (52 - 98)
Oregon 253 (215 - 297) 28 (22 - 35) 83 (70 - 97) 142 (111 - 182)
Pennsylvania 636 (575 - 703) 71 (62 - 82) 238 (219 - 259) 326 (273 - 389)
Rhode Island 81 (69 - 94) 10 (8 - 12) 33 (29 - 38) 38 (29 - 50)
South Carolina 189 (156 - 229) 23 (18 - 29) 67 (55 - 82) 99 (73 - 133)
South Dakota 32 (26 - 38) 5 (3 - 6) 13 (10 - 15) 14 (10 - 20)
Tennessee 288 (237 - 349) 29 (22 - 37) 96 (79 - 116) 164 (122 - 218)
Texas 834 (748 - 930) 118 (101 - 138) 334 (300 - 372) 381 (312 - 466)
Utah 91 (74 - 111) 13 (10 - 17) 35 (28 - 45) 42 (30 - 59)
Vermont 49 (41 - 57) 6 (4 - 7) 19 (16 - 22) 24 (18 - 31)
Virginia 297 (244 - 361) 33 (25 - 44) 112 (93 - 135) 152 (110 - 209)
Washington 364 (302 - 435) 36 (28 - 47) 125 (105 - 149) 202 (153 - 267)
West Virginia 90 (75 - 108) 10 (7 - 12) 34 (29 - 39) 47 (35 - 63)
Wisconsin 278 (233 - 329) 38 (30 - 48) 105 (88 - 125) 135 (100 - 180)
Wyoming 24 (20 - 29) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (8 - 11) 12 (9 - 16)

61103

Table 4. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 94,443   8,710   8,092   77,640  
Alabama 1,877 (1,747 - 2,005) 151 (136 - 165) 177 (158 - 198) 1,549 (1,426 - 1,669)
Alaska 140 (125 - 156) 20 (17 - 23) 14 (11 - 16) 107 (93 - 122)
Arizona 1,864 (1,712 - 2,021) 169 (150 - 190) 169 (147 - 192) 1,526 (1,383 - 1,672)
Arkansas 1,023 (946 - 1,102) 83 (75 - 92) 84 (74 - 95) 855 (781 - 931)
California 11,201 (10,727 - 11,679) 1,108 (1,042 - 1,176) 1,095 (1,016 - 1,177) 8,998 (8,544 - 9,459)
Colorado 1,208 (1,093 - 1,330) 118 (103 - 133) 102 (86 - 120) 988 (880 - 1,102)
Connecticut 983 (888 - 1,081) 88 (78 - 98) 74 (64 - 85) 821 (731 - 916)
Delaware 278 (257 - 301) 24 (21 - 27) 22 (19 - 25) 233 (212 - 255)
District of Columbia 154 (139 - 168) 10 (8 - 11) 13 (11 - 15) 131 (117 - 145)
Florida 6,290 (6,040 - 6,541) 500 (473 - 527) 470 (439 - 503) 5,320 (5,078 - 5,565)
Georgia 3,097 (2,875 - 3,322) 302 (270 - 334) 315 (280 - 352) 2,480 (2,274 - 2,689)
Hawaii 380 (344 - 418) 33 (30 - 37) 36 (32 - 41) 311 (276 - 347)
Idaho 434 (401 - 468) 48 (43 - 53) 47 (41 - 53) 339 (308 - 371)
Illinois 4,023 (3,850 - 4,197) 382 (360 - 405) 352 (327 - 378) 3,289 (3,122 - 3,458)
Indiana 2,025 (1,866 - 2,190) 190 (171 - 210) 173 (152 - 197) 1,662 (1,510 - 1,817)
Iowa 970 (893 - 1,050) 88 (79 - 98) 87 (75 - 99) 794 (721 - 870)
Kansas 890 (819 - 963) 86 (77 - 96) 78 (68 - 90) 725 (657 - 795)
Kentucky 1,454 (1,346 - 1,565) 128 (116 - 140) 137 (121 - 153) 1,189 (1,087 - 1,294)
Louisiana 1,553 (1,438 - 1,669) 152 (137 - 167) 149 (130 - 168) 1,252 (1,144 - 1,362)
Maine 361 (326 - 399) 28 (24 - 32) 21 (17 - 25) 313 (279 - 349)
Maryland 1,786 (1,631 - 1,946) 174 (156 - 192) 145 (127 - 165) 1,467 (1,318 - 1,621)
Massachusetts 1,682 (1,524 - 1,847) 138 (121 - 157) 124 (106 - 145) 1,419 (1,269 - 1,577)
Michigan 3,063 (2,924 - 3,204) 300 (283 - 317) 251 (232 - 271) 2,512 (2,379 - 2,647)
Minnesota 1,314 (1,189 - 1,448) 135 (120 - 151) 118 (101 - 138) 1,061 (941 - 1,188)
Mississippi 1,204 (1,125 - 1,283) 120 (109 - 130) 129 (117 - 143) 955 (880 - 1,028)
Missouri 1,950 (1,802 - 2,102) 181 (164 - 199) 162 (141 - 184) 1,607 (1,466 - 1,751)
Montana 283 (258 - 309) 26 (23 - 29) 20 (17 - 23) 237 (213 - 262)
Nebraska 563 (519 - 608) 50 (44 - 56) 55 (48 - 63) 458 (416 - 500)
Nevada 691 (632 - 753) 64 (57 - 72) 57 (49 - 66) 570 (514 - 629)
New Hampshire 298 (267 - 332) 33 (29 - 37) 20 (17 - 24) 245 (216 - 277)
New Jersey 2,740 (2,499 - 2,987) 229 (203 - 258) 180 (154 - 210) 2,330 (2,099 - 2,568)
New Mexico 604 (554 - 658) 48 (42 - 55) 57 (49 - 66) 499 (451 - 549)
New York 6,021 (5,737 - 6,308) 500 (468 - 532) 464 (426 - 505) 5,057 (4,781 - 5,337)
North Carolina 2,903 (2,676 - 3,135) 247 (221 - 273) 252 (220 - 286) 2,405 (2,189 - 2,624)
North Dakota 209 (192 - 227) 19 (17 - 21) 18 (16 - 21) 172 (155 - 188)
Ohio 3,567 (3,413 - 3,723) 348 (329 - 367) 277 (256 - 300) 2,942 (2,792 - 3,095)
Oklahoma 1,209 (1,113 - 1,307) 110 (99 - 122) 118 (104 - 133) 981 (890 - 1,073)
Oregon 910 (823 - 1,002) 92 (81 - 104) 78 (66 - 92) 740 (659 - 826)
Pennsylvania 4,113 (3,932 - 4,296) 363 (343 - 383) 278 (257 - 300) 3,473 (3,297 - 3,651)
Rhode Island 320 (291 - 350) 28 (25 - 32) 24 (20 - 28) 268 (240 - 297)
South Carolina 1,476 (1,370 - 1,583) 129 (117 - 142) 123 (107 - 141) 1,223 (1,123 - 1,324)
South Dakota 259 (240 - 279) 24 (22 - 27) 25 (22 - 28) 210 (192 - 228)
Tennessee 1,951 (1,790 - 2,119) 167 (149 - 185) 154 (134 - 177) 1,630 (1,475 - 1,788)
Texas 7,950 (7,658 - 8,244) 784 (744 - 825) 729 (679 - 780) 6,438 (6,157 - 6,719)
Utah 808 (746 - 871) 100 (91 - 110) 126 (113 - 141) 582 (524 - 640)
Vermont 149 (132 - 167) 14 (12 - 16) 10 (9 - 12) 125 (109 - 142)
Virginia 2,459 (2,270 - 2,653) 221 (198 - 244) 187 (163 - 213) 2,052 (1,870 - 2,238)
Washington 1,443 (1,297 - 1,600) 160 (141 - 180) 114 (95 - 136) 1,169 (1,030 - 1,318)
West Virginia 691 (640 - 744) 49 (44 - 54) 49 (44 - 56) 593 (543 - 644)
Wisconsin 1,463 (1,332 - 1,603) 137 (121 - 154) 119 (101 - 139) 1,207 (1,083 - 1,338)
Wyoming 157 (144 - 171) 15 (14 - 17) 12 (10 - 14) 130 (117 - 143)

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Table 5. Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 2,479   1,275   1,006   197  
Alabama 35 (30 - 41) 17 (14 - 22) 14 (11 - 18) 3 (2 - 5)
Alaska 6 (5 - 7) 4 (3 - 5) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Arizona 50 (43 - 58) 28 (23 - 35) 17 (13 - 22) 4 (2 - 8)
Arkansas 21 (18 - 25) 11 (9 - 14) 8 (6 - 10) 2 (1 - 3)
California 311 (284 - 341) 164 (145 - 184) 126 (108 - 146) 21 (13 - 35)
Colorado 41 (35 - 47) 24 (20 - 29) 14 (10 - 18) 3 (2 - 6)
Connecticut 33 (29 - 38) 19 (16 - 23) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Delaware 8 (7 - 9) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (3 - 4) 1 (0 - 1)
District of Columbia 4 (4 - 5) 2 (1 - 2) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Florida 133 (121 - 146) 73 (66 - 82) 49 (42 - 57) 10 (6 - 17)
Georgia 73 (63 - 85) 35 (28 - 44) 32 (25 - 40) 6 (3 - 12)
Hawaii 9 (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 2)
Idaho 13 (11 - 15) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (1 - 2)
Illinois 112 (103 - 122) 58 (52 - 64) 47 (41 - 54) 8 (5 - 12)
Indiana 54 (47 - 62) 29 (24 - 35) 21 (16 - 26) 4 (2 - 8)
Iowa 25 (22 - 29) 11 (9 - 14) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Kansas 25 (21 - 29) 12 (10 - 14) 11 (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 4)
Kentucky 33 (28 - 38) 17 (14 - 21) 13 (10 - 16) 3 (2 - 5)
Louisiana 39 (34 - 46) 19 (16 - 23) 17 (14 - 22) 3 (2 - 5)
Maine 12 (11 - 14) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 2)
Maryland 49 (42 - 56) 26 (22 - 32) 19 (15 - 24) 3 (2 - 6)
Massachusetts 55 (48 - 64) 26 (22 - 32) 24 (19 - 29) 5 (3 - 9)
Michigan 93 (86 - 102) 49 (44 - 54) 38 (33 - 43) 7 (4 - 11)
Minnesota 47 (40 - 54) 23 (19 - 28) 20 (16 - 25) 4 (2 - 8)
Mississippi 24 (21 - 28) 11 (9 - 14) 11 (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 3)
Missouri 50 (43 - 58) 25 (20 - 30) 21 (17 - 26) 4 (2 - 8)
Montana 9 (8 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
Nebraska 15 (13 - 18) 7 (6 - 9) 7 (6 - 9) 1 (1 - 2)
Nevada 18 (15 - 21) 11 (9 - 13) 5 (4 - 7) 2 (1 - 3)
New Hampshire 12 (10 - 14) 6 (5 - 7) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 2)
New Jersey 68 (59 - 79) 35 (29 - 44) 27 (22 - 34) 5 (3 - 10)
New Mexico 17 (14 - 20) 10 (8 - 12) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2)
New York 158 (144 - 173) 79 (70 - 89) 66 (57 - 76) 13 (8 - 21)
North Carolina 67 (56 - 80) 33 (27 - 41) 26 (20 - 33) 8 (4 - 17)
North Dakota 6 (5 - 7) 3 (2 - 3) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Ohio 95 (87 - 104) 49 (44 - 54) 39 (34 - 45) 7 (4 - 12)
Oklahoma 29 (25 - 34) 15 (12 - 18) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Oregon 32 (28 - 38) 18 (15 - 22) 11 (9 - 14) 3 (2 - 6)
Pennsylvania 105 (97 - 116) 55 (49 - 62) 42 (37 - 49) 8 (5 - 13)
Rhode Island 10 (9 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
South Carolina 37 (32 - 43) 19 (16 - 23) 15 (12 - 19) 3 (1 - 5)
South Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 1 (0 - 1)
Tennessee 47 (41 - 54) 25 (20 - 30) 18 (14 - 23) 4 (2 - 8)
Texas 180 (163 - 198) 88 (78 - 100) 75 (65 - 87) 16 (10 - 25)
Utah 22 (19 - 26) 10 (8 - 12) 10 (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 4)
Vermont 6 (5 - 7) 3 (3 - 4) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Virginia 58 (50 - 67) 29 (23 - 35) 25 (20 - 31) 5 (2 - 8)
Washington 52 (44 - 60) 25 (21 - 31) 22 (17 - 28) 4 (2 - 8)
West Virginia 14 (12 - 16) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2)
Wisconsin 53 (46 - 61) 27 (22 - 32) 23 (18 - 28) 4 (2 - 7)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 3 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)

61103

Table 6. Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 8,605   1,290   2,734   4,580  
Alabama 149 (121 - 183) 22 (17 - 29) 50 (39 - 64) 76 (54 - 108)
Alaska 22 (18 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (8 - 16)
Arizona 163 (130 - 203) 26 (20 - 34) 43 (32 - 57) 94 (68 - 131)
Arkansas 96 (78 - 117) 15 (11 - 19) 35 (28 - 43) 46 (33 - 65)
California 1,017 (898 - 1,153) 173 (148 - 202) 302 (261 - 349) 542 (440 - 666)
Colorado 168 (136 - 207) 21 (16 - 27) 58 (46 - 74) 89 (65 - 124)
Connecticut 110 (88 - 137) 15 (12 - 20) 39 (31 - 49) 56 (39 - 80)
Delaware 27 (22 - 33) 4 (3 - 5) 9 (7 - 12) 14 (10 - 19)
District of Columbia 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 11 (8 - 15)
Florida 578 (502 - 664) 74 (63 - 86) 157 (137 - 179) 347 (280 - 430)
Georgia 228 (182 - 285) 34 (26 - 45) 64 (48 - 83) 130 (93 - 182)
Hawaii 33 (25 - 43) 6 (4 - 7) 9 (7 - 12) 18 (12 - 28)
Idaho 39 (32 - 49) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 17) 20 (14 - 29)
Illinois 325 (283 - 373) 50 (42 - 59) 92 (79 - 107) 183 (147 - 229)
Indiana 200 (164 - 243) 31 (24 - 39) 70 (56 - 87) 100 (72 - 137)
Iowa 73 (58 - 91) 13 (10 - 16) 23 (17 - 32) 37 (26 - 52)
Kansas 80 (64 - 100) 11 (9 - 15) 25 (19 - 32) 44 (32 - 62)
Kentucky 137 (111 - 169) 21 (17 - 27) 38 (30 - 49) 78 (57 - 106)
Louisiana 147 (121 - 179) 20 (16 - 26) 48 (38 - 61) 79 (57 - 107)
Maine 36 (29 - 45) 6 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 16) 18 (12 - 26)
Maryland 139 (109 - 176) 22 (16 - 29) 38 (29 - 50) 79 (55 - 113)
Massachusetts 212 (174 - 258) 28 (22 - 36) 79 (63 - 98) 105 (75 - 145)
Michigan 311 (277 - 350) 50 (43 - 58) 102 (90 - 115) 159 (130 - 194)
Minnesota 132 (106 - 164) 20 (16 - 27) 46 (35 - 60) 66 (47 - 94)
Mississippi 75 (61 - 93) 12 (9 - 16) 24 (19 - 32) 39 (28 - 54)
Missouri 175 (143 - 213) 28 (21 - 35) 56 (44 - 71) 91 (66 - 125)
Montana 29 (24 - 36) 4 (3 - 6) 9 (7 - 11) 16 (11 - 22)
Nebraska 43 (34 - 55) 9 (7 - 11) 14 (10 - 19) 21 (14 - 31)
Nevada 76 (60 - 95) 10 (7 - 13) 22 (17 - 28) 44 (31 - 62)
New Hampshire 35 (28 - 44) 6 (4 - 7) 12 (9 - 16) 18 (13 - 25)
New Jersey 232 (186 - 289) 37 (28 - 48) 69 (52 - 89) 127 (91 - 178)
New Mexico 62 (50 - 76) 11 (8 - 14) 19 (14 - 24) 32 (23 - 45)
New York 560 (487 - 644) 78 (66 - 93) 173 (149 - 200) 308 (246 - 387)
North Carolina 254 (205 - 316) 40 (31 - 51) 73 (56 - 94) 142 (102 - 197)
North Dakota 15 (11 - 20) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 6) 8 (5 - 12)
Ohio 311 (274 - 354) 48 (41 - 56) 100 (87 - 116) 163 (132 - 202)
Oklahoma 114 (93 - 140) 18 (14 - 23) 38 (30 - 48) 58 (42 - 80)
Oregon 114 (93 - 139) 15 (11 - 19) 42 (33 - 53) 57 (41 - 79)
Pennsylvania 338 (297 - 385) 49 (42 - 58) 115 (101 - 131) 173 (139 - 216)
Rhode Island 37 (31 - 45) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (12 - 19) 17 (12 - 24)
South Carolina 120 (98 - 147) 18 (14 - 23) 40 (31 - 52) 62 (46 - 85)
South Dakota 17 (13 - 23) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 7) 9 (6 - 14)
Tennessee 194 (158 - 237) 26 (20 - 34) 63 (50 - 80) 104 (76 - 142)
Texas 642 (570 - 723) 97 (82 - 114) 239 (210 - 272) 306 (247 - 378)
Utah 79 (65 - 96) 12 (10 - 16) 28 (22 - 36) 39 (28 - 52)
Vermont 21 (17 - 25) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 10 (7 - 14)
Virginia 207 (167 - 256) 29 (22 - 38) 65 (51 - 83) 113 (82 - 156)
Washington 184 (147 - 229) 24 (18 - 32) 60 (46 - 77) 100 (71 - 140)
West Virginia 61 (50 - 74) 8 (6 - 10) 21 (17 - 26) 32 (23 - 44)
Wisconsin 155 (125 - 190) 24 (19 - 31) 51 (40 - 66) 79 (56 - 111)
Wyoming 16 (13 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 8 (6 - 11)

61103

Table 7. Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 5,591   417   2,191   2,983  
Alabama 80 (61 - 105) 6 (4 - 9) 31 (23 - 41) 43 (29 - 65)
Alaska 13 (10 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 10)
Arizona 126 (98 - 162) 12 (8 - 17) 48 (37 - 64) 66 (45 - 97)
Arkansas 46 (36 - 59) 4 (3 - 6) 20 (15 - 25) 23 (15 - 34)
California 625 (535 - 730) 52 (40 - 69) 251 (215 - 293) 322 (250 - 415)
Colorado 106 (83 - 134) 7 (5 - 11) 44 (34 - 57) 54 (37 - 80)
Connecticut 74 (58 - 95) 6 (4 - 8) 29 (23 - 37) 39 (26 - 58)
Delaware 17 (13 - 22) 1 (1 - 1) 7 (5 - 9) 9 (6 - 13)
District of Columbia 16 (11 - 22) 0 (0 - 0) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (8 - 18)
Florida 386 (326 - 458) 25 (19 - 33) 139 (120 - 160) 223 (170 - 291)
Georgia 131 (98 - 175) 10 (6 - 15) 41 (30 - 56) 80 (53 - 120)
Hawaii 20 (14 - 27) 2 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 11 (7 - 18)
Idaho 23 (18 - 29) 2 (1 - 3) 11 (8 - 14) 10 (6 - 15)
Illinois 241 (203 - 286) 14 (11 - 19) 82 (69 - 96) 145 (112 - 188)
Indiana 120 (94 - 151) 8 (6 - 12) 53 (41 - 69) 58 (40 - 85)
Iowa 46 (35 - 60) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (14 - 26) 23 (15 - 35)
Kansas 56 (43 - 74) 4 (3 - 6) 22 (17 - 30) 30 (20 - 45)
Kentucky 84 (66 - 107) 5 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 41) 47 (33 - 68)
Louisiana 74 (55 - 99) 5 (3 - 7) 26 (19 - 36) 43 (28 - 64)
Maine 28 (22 - 35) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (10 - 16) 14 (9 - 20)
Maryland 104 (79 - 136) 6 (4 - 9) 33 (25 - 44) 65 (44 - 95)
Massachusetts 158 (125 - 201) 10 (7 - 15) 68 (54 - 85) 81 (54 - 119)
Michigan 199 (170 - 232) 14 (11 - 18) 77 (67 - 89) 107 (83 - 138)
Minnesota 97 (77 - 122) 8 (5 - 11) 44 (34 - 56) 46 (32 - 66)
Mississippi 48 (36 - 63) 3 (2 - 5) 16 (12 - 22) 28 (18 - 42)
Missouri 117 (92 - 149) 8 (6 - 12) 53 (42 - 68) 56 (37 - 83)
Montana 18 (15 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 9 (7 - 11) 8 (6 - 12)
Nebraska 32 (25 - 40) 2 (2 - 4) 15 (12 - 20) 14 (9 - 21)
Nevada 37 (28 - 49) 3 (2 - 5) 16 (12 - 21) 18 (12 - 28)
New Hampshire 25 (20 - 32) 2 (1 - 3) 12 (9 - 16) 11 (8 - 16)
New Jersey 145 (112 - 190) 12 (8 - 18) 52 (39 - 68) 82 (55 - 121)
New Mexico 37 (29 - 47) 4 (3 - 5) 16 (12 - 21) 17 (12 - 25)
New York 398 (342 - 464) 24 (19 - 32) 151 (129 - 175) 223 (175 - 285)
North Carolina 142 (109 - 184) 9 (6 - 14) 51 (37 - 68) 82 (56 - 120)
North Dakota 9 (7 - 12) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 7)
Ohio 190 (158 - 229) 12 (9 - 16) 70 (59 - 83) 108 (80 - 145)
Oklahoma 56 (44 - 73) 5 (3 - 7) 26 (19 - 34) 26 (17 - 39)
Oregon 63 (49 - 81) 5 (3 - 7) 26 (19 - 34) 32 (22 - 48)
Pennsylvania 256 (221 - 297) 16 (12 - 20) 101 (88 - 116) 139 (109 - 177)
Rhode Island 28 (22 - 35) 2 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 15) 14 (9 - 20)
South Carolina 81 (63 - 105) 6 (4 - 9) 29 (22 - 39) 46 (31 - 67)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 8)
Tennessee 111 (85 - 144) 7 (5 - 11) 40 (30 - 53) 63 (43 - 94)
Texas 430 (367 - 505) 49 (38 - 65) 175 (150 - 205) 206 (155 - 273)
Utah 45 (35 - 58) 4 (3 - 6) 19 (14 - 26) 22 (15 - 32)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 7 (5 - 10)
Virginia 146 (113 - 190) 9 (6 - 13) 55 (42 - 70) 83 (56 - 122)
Washington 123 (96 - 156) 8 (5 - 12) 59 (45 - 76) 56 (37 - 83)
West Virginia 43 (35 - 54) 3 (2 - 4) 20 (16 - 24) 21 (14 - 30)
Wisconsin 105 (82 - 133) 9 (6 - 13) 44 (34 - 57) 52 (35 - 75)
Wyoming 9 (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)

61103

Table 8. Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 11,534   1,803   3,932   5,799  
Alabama 189 (159 - 226) 33 (26 - 41) 71 (58 - 86) 86 (64 - 115)
Alaska 29 (24 - 35) 6 (4 - 7) 9 (7 - 11) 14 (10 - 19)
Arizona 220 (180 - 267) 37 (29 - 47) 67 (53 - 83) 117 (86 - 157)
Arkansas 129 (109 - 152) 24 (19 - 30) 49 (42 - 58) 55 (41 - 75)
California 1,349 (1,201 - 1,515) 223 (192 - 258) 431 (381 - 487) 694 (572 - 842)
Colorado 220 (184 - 262) 30 (24 - 38) 74 (61 - 89) 116 (87 - 153)
Connecticut 149 (124 - 179) 22 (17 - 27) 53 (44 - 63) 75 (55 - 102)
Delaware 36 (30 - 44) 6 (5 - 7) 13 (10 - 15) 18 (13 - 25)
District of Columbia 17 (14 - 22) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 10 (8 - 15)
Florida 741 (661 - 832) 100 (86 - 115) 220 (198 - 244) 422 (349 - 509)
Georgia 308 (257 - 370) 49 (38 - 62) 100 (81 - 124) 159 (120 - 211)
Hawaii 36 (29 - 46) 6 (5 - 8) 11 (9 - 14) 19 (13 - 28)
Idaho 62 (52 - 73) 10 (8 - 12) 24 (20 - 29) 28 (21 - 38)
Illinois 412 (365 - 467) 65 (56 - 76) 135 (119 - 153) 212 (172 - 261)
Indiana 278 (234 - 329) 47 (38 - 58) 101 (83 - 121) 131 (98 - 173)
Iowa 96 (78 - 116) 15 (12 - 19) 34 (27 - 43) 46 (33 - 64)
Kansas 105 (86 - 127) 15 (12 - 19) 35 (28 - 44) 55 (41 - 74)
Kentucky 207 (175 - 245) 33 (27 - 41) 65 (54 - 79) 109 (83 - 143)
Louisiana 196 (165 - 232) 32 (26 - 40) 72 (59 - 87) 91 (68 - 121)
Maine 56 (46 - 67) 9 (7 - 11) 18 (15 - 22) 28 (21 - 38)
Maryland 166 (134 - 204) 28 (22 - 37) 53 (42 - 66) 84 (60 - 118)
Massachusetts 253 (213 - 301) 36 (28 - 46) 92 (77 - 111) 125 (93 - 166)
Michigan 441 (401 - 486) 76 (68 - 86) 153 (139 - 169) 212 (178 - 252)
Minnesota 182 (149 - 220) 27 (21 - 34) 63 (51 - 78) 92 (67 - 124)
Mississippi 97 (80 - 116) 18 (14 - 23) 35 (28 - 43) 44 (32 - 60)
Missouri 236 (200 - 279) 37 (30 - 46) 84 (69 - 101) 115 (87 - 151)
Montana 43 (36 - 51) 7 (6 - 9) 15 (12 - 18) 21 (15 - 28)
Nebraska 57 (47 - 70) 10 (7 - 12) 20 (16 - 26) 27 (20 - 38)
Nevada 112 (93 - 134) 17 (13 - 21) 35 (28 - 42) 60 (45 - 81)
New Hampshire 51 (43 - 62) 8 (7 - 11) 16 (13 - 20) 27 (20 - 35)
New Jersey 296 (243 - 359) 47 (36 - 60) 91 (73 - 112) 158 (116 - 215)
New Mexico 82 (68 - 98) 13 (10 - 17) 27 (22 - 33) 42 (31 - 56)
New York 691 (616 - 776) 98 (85 - 113) 227 (201 - 255) 366 (301 - 445)
North Carolina 318 (262 - 384) 57 (45 - 71) 98 (79 - 122) 163 (118 - 223)
North Dakota 23 (19 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 12 (9 - 17)
Ohio 474 (430 - 524) 71 (62 - 81) 175 (158 - 194) 228 (191 - 272)
Oklahoma 168 (141 - 200) 27 (21 - 33) 60 (50 - 72) 81 (60 - 109)
Oregon 172 (145 - 204) 28 (22 - 35) 57 (47 - 68) 87 (66 - 115)
Pennsylvania 445 (400 - 497) 64 (55 - 74) 167 (150 - 185) 215 (176 - 262)
Rhode Island 53 (45 - 63) 7 (5 - 8) 21 (17 - 25) 26 (19 - 34)
South Carolina 170 (142 - 203) 26 (21 - 33) 60 (49 - 73) 84 (62 - 112)
South Dakota 22 (17 - 28) 4 (3 - 5) 7 (6 - 9) 11 (7 - 16)
Tennessee 271 (229 - 319) 43 (35 - 53) 96 (80 - 115) 132 (100 - 175)
Texas 821 (738 - 914) 138 (120 - 159) 314 (281 - 351) 369 (303 - 449)
Utah 123 (103 - 146) 18 (14 - 22) 48 (39 - 59) 56 (42 - 75)
Vermont 26 (21 - 32) 4 (3 - 5) 10 (8 - 12) 13 (9 - 18)
Virginia 270 (225 - 323) 41 (33 - 52) 95 (78 - 115) 133 (98 - 180)
Washington 306 (253 - 366) 40 (31 - 50) 103 (85 - 124) 163 (123 - 217)
West Virginia 84 (71 - 99) 12 (10 - 15) 28 (24 - 34) 44 (33 - 57)
Wisconsin 224 (186 - 267) 31 (24 - 39) 79 (65 - 97) 113 (85 - 151)
Wyoming 23 (19 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 9) 11 (8 - 15)

61103

Table 9. Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 123,480   4,314   19,631   99,535  
Alabama 1,582 (1,454 - 1,710) 61 (52 - 71) 266 (246 - 287) 1,254 (1,135 - 1,377)
Alaska 260 (243 - 277) 10 (8 - 12) 42 (39 - 45) 208 (192 - 224)
Arizona 2,607 (2,444 - 2,768) 92 (78 - 107) 395 (368 - 420) 2,120 (1,966 - 2,270)
Arkansas 901 (828 - 976) 38 (32 - 45) 165 (153 - 177) 697 (629 - 768)
California 14,599 (14,076 - 15,121) 533 (487 - 583) 2,187 (2,098 - 2,275) 11,879 (11,379 - 12,376)
Colorado 2,236 (2,116 - 2,356) 81 (70 - 93) 351 (331 - 370) 1,805 (1,690 - 1,915)
Connecticut 1,783 (1,679 - 1,882) 63 (55 - 71) 246 (232 - 258) 1,474 (1,375 - 1,568)
Delaware 345 (322 - 369) 11 (10 - 13) 58 (55 - 62) 276 (253 - 298)
District of Columbia 271 (255 - 286) 4 (4 - 5) 45 (42 - 47) 222 (207 - 236)
Florida 7,628 (7,366 - 7,886) 239 (219 - 260) 1,008 (971 - 1,043) 6,382 (6,129 - 6,631)
Georgia 3,167 (2,941 - 3,396) 113 (95 - 133) 517 (478 - 556) 2,537 (2,325 - 2,752)
Hawaii 481 (443 - 518) 14 (12 - 16) 71 (66 - 76) 396 (360 - 432)
Idaho 530 (494 - 567) 20 (17 - 24) 93 (86 - 99) 417 (382 - 452)
Illinois 5,644 (5,461 - 5,825) 190 (174 - 207) 917 (888 - 945) 4,537 (4,363 - 4,709)
Indiana 2,554 (2,392 - 2,718) 94 (81 - 109) 435 (409 - 460) 2,025 (1,870 - 2,179)
Iowa 1,349 (1,271 - 1,426) 44 (38 - 50) 245 (232 - 257) 1,060 (986 - 1,132)
Kansas 1,158 (1,083 - 1,232) 45 (40 - 52) 214 (201 - 226) 898 (828 - 968)
Kentucky 1,464 (1,356 - 1,573) 57 (50 - 66) 252 (234 - 269) 1,155 (1,053 - 1,258)
Louisiana 1,710 (1,594 - 1,827) 70 (60 - 81) 321 (300 - 341) 1,318 (1,211 - 1,426)
Maine 582 (544 - 620) 21 (18 - 24) 88 (83 - 93) 473 (437 - 510)
Maryland 2,428 (2,261 - 2,594) 77 (66 - 91) 360 (338 - 380) 1,991 (1,831 - 2,147)
Massachusetts 3,201 (3,026 - 3,370) 98 (85 - 112) 478 (454 - 501) 2,625 (2,459 - 2,785)
Michigan 4,537 (4,389 - 4,684) 155 (143 - 168) 737 (715 - 759) 3,645 (3,504 - 3,784)
Minnesota 2,593 (2,461 - 2,726) 84 (72 - 97) 416 (394 - 437) 2,093 (1,966 - 2,214)
Mississippi 890 (819 - 964) 39 (33 - 46) 171 (158 - 184) 679 (612 - 749)
Missouri 2,334 (2,175 - 2,491) 97 (84 - 112) 429 (405 - 452) 1,807 (1,658 - 1,957)
Montana 450 (423 - 477) 16 (14 - 19) 77 (73 - 80) 357 (331 - 382)
Nebraska 799 (751 - 846) 28 (24 - 32) 150 (142 - 158) 621 (576 - 664)
Nevada 931 (863 - 1,000) 33 (28 - 39) 137 (127 - 148) 761 (696 - 825)
New Hampshire 650 (616 - 685) 21 (18 - 24) 98 (93 - 103) 531 (498 - 563)
New Jersey 3,914 (3,657 - 4,168) 140 (121 - 161) 520 (487 - 551) 3,255 (3,007 - 3,495)
New Mexico 755 (703 - 806) 31 (27 - 36) 128 (119 - 137) 595 (546 - 643)
New York 8,632 (8,336 - 8,924) 297 (273 - 322) 1,298 (1,251 - 1,343) 7,037 (6,754 - 7,316)
North Carolina 3,052 (2,802 - 3,303) 107 (91 - 125) 498 (462 - 533) 2,447 (2,209 - 2,689)
North Dakota 316 (298 - 333) 10 (9 - 12) 62 (59 - 64) 244 (227 - 260)
Ohio 4,847 (4,678 - 5,014) 160 (147 - 175) 801 (776 - 826) 3,885 (3,725 - 4,045)
Oklahoma 1,221 (1,125 - 1,320) 51 (43 - 60) 233 (216 - 249) 938 (848 - 1,030)
Oregon 1,713 (1,614 - 1,810) 55 (47 - 63) 254 (239 - 269) 1,404 (1,310 - 1,495)
Pennsylvania 5,508 (5,319 - 5,694) 173 (158 - 189) 858 (831 - 884) 4,477 (4,296 - 4,657)
Rhode Island 546 (516 - 575) 17 (15 - 20) 92 (87 - 96) 437 (409 - 464)
South Carolina 1,490 (1,381 - 1,600) 49 (42 - 57) 245 (226 - 264) 1,196 (1,094 - 1,299)
South Dakota 378 (357 - 398) 15 (13 - 17) 68 (65 - 71) 295 (275 - 314)
Tennessee 2,009 (1,849 - 2,174) 68 (58 - 81) 354 (327 - 380) 1,587 (1,435 - 1,743)
Texas 8,726 (8,419 - 9,034) 347 (318 - 378) 1,515 (1,457 - 1,572) 6,864 (6,576 - 7,151)
Utah 567 (509 - 630) 27 (22 - 34) 125 (110 - 140) 415 (361 - 473)
Vermont 317 (299 - 334) 10 (8 - 11) 51 (48 - 53) 257 (240 - 273)
Virginia 3,114 (2,902 - 3,325) 87 (73 - 103) 497 (468 - 524) 2,531 (2,326 - 2,733)
Washington 2,921 (2,750 - 3,094) 83 (71 - 97) 435 (407 - 462) 2,403 (2,238 - 2,561)
West Virginia 556 (507 - 606) 23 (19 - 26) 104 (96 - 111) 429 (383 - 478)
Wisconsin 3,011 (2,865 - 3,154) 107 (93 - 121) 484 (461 - 504) 2,420 (2,281 - 2,550)
Wyoming 226 (211 - 240) 8 (7 - 9) 41 (39 - 44) 176 (162 - 190)

61103

Table 10. Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 54,906   2,654   13,435   38,817  
Alabama 718 (636 - 808) 38 (31 - 47) 170 (152 - 189) 510 (435 - 594)
Alaska 112 (100 - 125) 7 (5 - 8) 27 (25 - 30) 78 (68 - 90)
Arizona 1,134 (1,022 - 1,254) 59 (48 - 72) 284 (259 - 309) 792 (691 - 903)
Arkansas 437 (387 - 492) 24 (19 - 29) 114 (102 - 125) 300 (255 - 351)
California 5,828 (5,481 - 6,193) 329 (291 - 371) 1,408 (1,326 - 1,491) 4,092 (3,763 - 4,443)
Colorado 914 (820 - 1,015) 50 (41 - 60) 246 (225 - 268) 619 (535 - 712)
Connecticut 751 (672 - 836) 36 (30 - 43) 168 (154 - 181) 547 (473 - 629)
Delaware 143 (127 - 160) 7 (5 - 8) 40 (36 - 43) 97 (82 - 113)
District of Columbia 127 (115 - 141) 2 (2 - 3) 30 (28 - 33) 95 (83 - 108)
Florida 3,153 (2,966 - 3,351) 130 (116 - 146) 665 (632 - 700) 2,357 (2,175 - 2,550)
Georgia 1,404 (1,243 - 1,580) 65 (53 - 81) 325 (290 - 362) 1,013 (867 - 1,178)
Hawaii 221 (194 - 251) 9 (8 - 12) 53 (48 - 58) 159 (134 - 187)
Idaho 252 (226 - 281) 13 (11 - 16) 68 (61 - 74) 171 (147 - 198)
Illinois 2,736 (2,597 - 2,881) 115 (102 - 128) 657 (628 - 687) 1,965 (1,832 - 2,104)
Indiana 1,126 (1,011 - 1,248) 59 (49 - 71) 298 (272 - 325) 768 (665 - 883)
Iowa 691 (628 - 756) 31 (26 - 37) 186 (172 - 199) 475 (418 - 536)
Kansas 585 (527 - 647) 33 (27 - 39) 159 (146 - 173) 393 (342 - 450)
Kentucky 753 (677 - 834) 38 (31 - 45) 177 (160 - 195) 538 (469 - 614)
Louisiana 880 (789 - 978) 42 (35 - 50) 211 (192 - 232) 626 (543 - 718)
Maine 237 (212 - 265) 13 (10 - 15) 58 (53 - 64) 166 (143 - 193)
Maryland 913 (810 - 1,026) 45 (37 - 55) 213 (192 - 235) 655 (561 - 762)
Massachusetts 1,405 (1,272 - 1,548) 62 (51 - 75) 357 (330 - 384) 986 (863 - 1,122)
Michigan 2,059 (1,947 - 2,175) 95 (85 - 105) 510 (487 - 532) 1,454 (1,349 - 1,565)
Minnesota 1,168 (1,055 - 1,286) 57 (47 - 68) 285 (261 - 308) 827 (724 - 939)
Mississippi 465 (414 - 520) 22 (18 - 27) 120 (108 - 132) 323 (277 - 374)
Missouri 1,164 (1,051 - 1,282) 63 (52 - 74) 308 (283 - 333) 793 (692 - 904)
Montana 224 (202 - 247) 12 (10 - 14) 59 (55 - 63) 153 (133 - 175)
Nebraska 391 (353 - 429) 19 (16 - 23) 108 (100 - 117) 263 (230 - 299)
Nevada 435 (386 - 488) 21 (17 - 26) 94 (85 - 104) 319 (274 - 370)
New Hampshire 262 (235 - 289) 13 (11 - 16) 67 (61 - 73) 181 (157 - 207)
New Jersey 1,533 (1,359 - 1,724) 78 (64 - 95) 351 (317 - 387) 1,104 (944 - 1,282)
New Mexico 333 (296 - 373) 21 (17 - 26) 85 (76 - 94) 227 (195 - 264)
New York 3,681 (3,457 - 3,915) 178 (159 - 198) 890 (845 - 936) 2,613 (2,401 - 2,838)
North Carolina 1,446 (1,275 - 1,633) 64 (52 - 79) 334 (301 - 369) 1,048 (891 - 1,226)
North Dakota 168 (153 - 183) 7 (6 - 9) 48 (45 - 51) 113 (99 - 127)
Ohio 2,172 (2,056 - 2,292) 104 (94 - 116) 567 (541 - 592) 1,501 (1,392 - 1,616)
Oklahoma 617 (550 - 690) 35 (28 - 42) 167 (151 - 183) 416 (357 - 483)
Oregon 626 (559 - 699) 34 (28 - 42) 160 (144 - 175) 432 (372 - 500)
Pennsylvania 2,569 (2,426 - 2,719) 107 (96 - 119) 616 (589 - 643) 1,846 (1,708 - 1,992)
Rhode Island 253 (229 - 278) 11 (9 - 13) 65 (60 - 70) 177 (155 - 200)
South Carolina 699 (626 - 779) 30 (25 - 36) 166 (148 - 184) 503 (436 - 578)
South Dakota 172 (156 - 189) 9 (8 - 11) 49 (46 - 53) 114 (99 - 130)
Tennessee 876 (772 - 989) 37 (29 - 46) 223 (199 - 249) 616 (523 - 721)
Texas 4,308 (4,080 - 4,543) 211 (188 - 236) 1,043 (990 - 1,097) 3,054 (2,839 - 3,279)
Utah 308 (271 - 350) 20 (15 - 25) 95 (83 - 109) 193 (161 - 231)
Vermont 127 (114 - 140) 7 (5 - 8) 35 (32 - 38) 85 (73 - 98)
Virginia 1,363 (1,225 - 1,513) 54 (44 - 67) 344 (315 - 373) 965 (837 - 1,108)
Washington 1,126 (998 - 1,264) 50 (40 - 62) 271 (243 - 301) 804 (689 - 933)
West Virginia 289 (256 - 325) 15 (12 - 18) 78 (71 - 85) 196 (166 - 230)
Wisconsin 1,450 (1,323 - 1,582) 69 (59 - 82) 354 (329 - 379) 1,027 (910 - 1,152)
Wyoming 102 (91 - 113) 5 (4 - 7) 29 (27 - 32) 67 (58 - 77)

61103

Table 11. Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 99,626   9,670   10,382   79,574  
Alabama 1,750 (1,628 - 1,873) 167 (153 - 181) 192 (173 - 211) 1,392 (1,277 - 1,508)
Alaska 198 (182 - 214) 25 (23 - 28) 22 (20 - 25) 150 (135 - 166)
Arizona 1,948 (1,805 - 2,095) 192 (173 - 212) 200 (177 - 225) 1,555 (1,420 - 1,694)
Arkansas 990 (917 - 1,064) 85 (77 - 94) 102 (92 - 113) 802 (733 - 872)
California 12,907 (12,418 - 13,398) 1,291 (1,224 - 1,359) 1,523 (1,440 - 1,607) 10,093 (9,621 - 10,568)
Colorado 1,418 (1,303 - 1,537) 132 (117 - 147) 147 (130 - 165) 1,139 (1,031 - 1,251)
Connecticut 1,162 (1,067 - 1,259) 110 (99 - 121) 102 (90 - 114) 951 (861 - 1,043)
Delaware 293 (271 - 315) 25 (23 - 28) 28 (25 - 32) 239 (219 - 261)
District of Columbia 196 (181 - 211) 15 (14 - 16) 21 (18 - 23) 160 (146 - 175)
Florida 6,535 (6,286 - 6,783) 547 (519 - 575) 627 (594 - 661) 5,361 (5,121 - 5,602)
Georgia 3,267 (3,044 - 3,493) 345 (313 - 377) 405 (368 - 442) 2,518 (2,309 - 2,730)
Hawaii 401 (364 - 439) 40 (36 - 44) 38 (33 - 42) 324 (289 - 360)
Idaho 452 (419 - 486) 49 (45 - 54) 53 (47 - 59) 350 (318 - 382)
Illinois 3,966 (3,794 - 4,140) 406 (384 - 429) 439 (414 - 465) 3,120 (2,955 - 3,289)
Indiana 2,041 (1,894 - 2,192) 198 (180 - 217) 216 (192 - 241) 1,627 (1,488 - 1,769)
Iowa 889 (818 - 964) 81 (73 - 90) 85 (74 - 97) 723 (655 - 793)
Kansas 855 (787 - 926) 89 (81 - 98) 84 (73 - 95) 683 (618 - 749)
Kentucky 1,395 (1,294 - 1,498) 121 (109 - 133) 153 (137 - 170) 1,121 (1,025 - 1,219)
Louisiana 1,545 (1,433 - 1,658) 161 (147 - 176) 199 (179 - 219) 1,185 (1,081 - 1,291)
Maine 420 (384 - 457) 34 (31 - 38) 32 (28 - 36) 354 (319 - 390)
Maryland 2,016 (1,862 - 2,172) 197 (179 - 216) 196 (176 - 216) 1,623 (1,474 - 1,773)
Massachusetts 1,841 (1,675 - 2,013) 165 (147 - 183) 174 (152 - 198) 1,502 (1,345 - 1,667)
Michigan 3,168 (3,035 - 3,302) 331 (314 - 348) 322 (302 - 343) 2,515 (2,387 - 2,646)
Minnesota 1,494 (1,376 - 1,619) 142 (127 - 158) 147 (128 - 167) 1,205 (1,093 - 1,323)
Mississippi 1,123 (1,049 - 1,196) 117 (107 - 127) 142 (130 - 155) 864 (795 - 933)
Missouri 1,896 (1,749 - 2,047) 182 (164 - 200) 169 (148 - 191) 1,545 (1,405 - 1,689)
Montana 274 (250 - 299) 26 (23 - 28) 25 (22 - 29) 223 (201 - 247)
Nebraska 512 (472 - 554) 52 (47 - 57) 50 (43 - 57) 411 (373 - 450)
Nevada 822 (759 - 887) 76 (68 - 84) 92 (83 - 102) 655 (595 - 716)
New Hampshire 372 (341 - 404) 37 (33 - 41) 29 (25 - 34) 305 (276 - 336)
New Jersey 3,069 (2,831 - 3,312) 270 (244 - 298) 271 (240 - 304) 2,528 (2,298 - 2,761)
New Mexico 735 (688 - 783) 66 (60 - 73) 85 (76 - 93) 584 (539 - 628)
New York 6,839 (6,562 - 7,117) 620 (586 - 654) 631 (589 - 675) 5,588 (5,325 - 5,853)
North Carolina 3,099 (2,854 - 3,349) 283 (256 - 310) 287 (255 - 320) 2,530 (2,295 - 2,768)
North Dakota 180 (164 - 196) 17 (15 - 19) 19 (16 - 22) 144 (129 - 160)
Ohio 3,555 (3,404 - 3,708) 367 (348 - 386) 351 (329 - 374) 2,837 (2,692 - 2,985)
Oklahoma 1,192 (1,102 - 1,283) 111 (100 - 122) 128 (114 - 144) 953 (869 - 1,038)
Oregon 1,192 (1,103 - 1,283) 101 (90 - 113) 110 (97 - 124) 981 (896 - 1,068)
Pennsylvania 3,790 (3,618 - 3,965) 398 (377 - 418) 338 (315 - 363) 3,054 (2,888 - 3,225)
Rhode Island 350 (323 - 379) 34 (30 - 37) 34 (29 - 38) 283 (257 - 310)
South Carolina 1,465 (1,364 - 1,566) 147 (135 - 160) 156 (140 - 174) 1,161 (1,065 - 1,259)
South Dakota 215 (197 - 234) 22 (20 - 25) 22 (19 - 25) 171 (154 - 189)
Tennessee 2,131 (1,976 - 2,289) 197 (180 - 215) 228 (205 - 253) 1,706 (1,559 - 1,855)
Texas 7,904 (7,630 - 8,180) 829 (789 - 871) 908 (858 - 959) 6,167 (5,899 - 6,436)
Utah 868 (809 - 928) 108 (98 - 117) 138 (123 - 152) 623 (569 - 677)
Vermont 180 (164 - 197) 15 (14 - 17) 16 (14 - 18) 149 (134 - 164)
Virginia 2,618 (2,423 - 2,816) 253 (231 - 276) 258 (231 - 286) 2,107 (1,920 - 2,297)
Washington 1,922 (1,767 - 2,084) 183 (165 - 203) 188 (165 - 214) 1,550 (1,403 - 1,703)
West Virginia 645 (595 - 696) 49 (44 - 54) 60 (54 - 67) 536 (488 - 585)
Wisconsin 1,372 (1,239 - 1,513) 147 (131 - 164) 130 (111 - 151) 1,095 (969 - 1,228)
Wyoming 162 (149 - 176) 14 (13 - 16) 15 (13 - 17) 133 (120 - 145)

61103

Table 12. Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 10,829   7,298  
Alabama 148 (133 - 164) 96 (84 - 110)
Alaska 26 (24 - 29) 18 (16 - 21)
Arizona 196 (176 - 218) 134 (118 - 153)
Arkansas 91 (82 - 100) 61 (54 - 69)
California 1,254 (1,181 - 1,330) 815 (754 - 881)
Colorado 202 (185 - 220) 132 (117 - 148)
Connecticut 142 (130 - 154) 92 (82 - 103)
Delaware 32 (30 - 35) 20 (18 - 23)
District of Columbia 17 (15 - 18) 10 (9 - 12)
Florida 588 (555 - 621) 382 (356 - 411)
Georgia 272 (244 - 303) 170 (147 - 195)
Hawaii 36 (32 - 40) 27 (23 - 31)
Idaho 52 (47 - 58) 37 (33 - 42)
Illinois 480 (455 - 505) 325 (303 - 349)
Indiana 241 (220 - 264) 162 (145 - 181)
Iowa 128 (117 - 139) 98 (89 - 109)
Kansas 114 (104 - 125) 88 (78 - 97)
Kentucky 141 (129 - 155) 96 (85 - 108)
Louisiana 180 (164 - 197) 114 (101 - 129)
Maine 51 (46 - 55) 35 (31 - 39)
Maryland 186 (169 - 203) 112 (98 - 127)
Massachusetts 274 (253 - 296) 195 (175 - 215)
Michigan 388 (369 - 408) 269 (252 - 287)
Minnesota 208 (192 - 226) 148 (132 - 164)
Mississippi 98 (88 - 109) 63 (55 - 72)
Missouri 241 (222 - 262) 167 (150 - 186)
Montana 43 (40 - 47) 34 (30 - 37)
Nebraska 70 (64 - 76) 52 (47 - 58)
Nevada 71 (64 - 80) 49 (43 - 56)
New Hampshire 54 (50 - 59) 38 (34 - 42)
New Jersey 325 (296 - 355) 204 (180 - 230)
New Mexico 73 (66 - 81) 51 (45 - 58)
New York 746 (708 - 786) 503 (471 - 537)
North Carolina 252 (226 - 280) 160 (140 - 183)
North Dakota 33 (31 - 36) 25 (23 - 28)
Ohio 428 (407 - 450) 309 (289 - 329)
Oklahoma 126 (114 - 139) 89 (78 - 101)
Oregon 135 (123 - 147) 90 (80 - 102)
Pennsylvania 473 (450 - 497) 334 (313 - 356)
Rhode Island 53 (49 - 57) 37 (33 - 41)
South Carolina 115 (103 - 129) 79 (69 - 91)
South Dakota 40 (37 - 44) 28 (26 - 31)
Tennessee 169 (151 - 189) 101 (87 - 118)
Texas 861 (815 - 909) 569 (529 - 611)
Utah 78 (68 - 90) 61 (53 - 71)
Vermont 27 (25 - 30) 20 (18 - 22)
Virginia 250 (228 - 274) 168 (150 - 189)
Washington 234 (212 - 257) 156 (137 - 177)
West Virginia 61 (55 - 68) 44 (39 - 49)
Wisconsin 300 (278 - 322) 213 (193 - 235)
Wyoming 22 (20 - 24) 15 (14 - 17)

61103

Table 13. Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 70,879   3,479   14,371   53,029  
Alabama 1,229 (1,128 - 1,336) 61 (51 - 71) 234 (215 - 254) 934 (839 - 1,036)
Alaska 153 (139 - 168) 10 (9 - 12) 35 (32 - 38) 108 (95 - 122)
Arizona 1,256 (1,138 - 1,382) 70 (58 - 84) 264 (240 - 288) 923 (813 - 1,042)
Arkansas 792 (729 - 858) 38 (32 - 44) 156 (145 - 167) 599 (539 - 661)
California 6,169 (5,769 - 6,590) 358 (318 - 401) 1,353 (1,273 - 1,435) 4,459 (4,081 - 4,862)
Colorado 1,018 (923 - 1,118) 63 (53 - 74) 238 (218 - 259) 717 (630 - 812)
Connecticut 773 (692 - 859) 46 (39 - 55) 157 (144 - 170) 569 (494 - 652)
Delaware 208 (189 - 228) 10 (8 - 12) 41 (38 - 45) 156 (139 - 176)
District of Columbia 132 (119 - 145) 3 (3 - 4) 26 (23 - 28) 103 (91 - 115)
Florida 4,205 (3,986 - 4,432) 168 (150 - 187) 721 (687 - 756) 3,316 (3,104 - 3,537)
Georgia 2,133 (1,942 - 2,333) 100 (83 - 119) 398 (362 - 435) 1,635 (1,456 - 1,825)
Hawaii 229 (202 - 258) 10 (8 - 13) 49 (44 - 54) 170 (145 - 198)
Idaho 314 (286 - 342) 17 (14 - 20) 77 (71 - 84) 219 (194 - 247)
Illinois 3,265 (3,104 - 3,429) 141 (126 - 157) 670 (641 - 699) 2,454 (2,300 - 2,612)
Indiana 1,674 (1,535 - 1,820) 78 (66 - 92) 342 (316 - 369) 1,254 (1,123 - 1,393)
Iowa 775 (708 - 845) 35 (29 - 42) 181 (167 - 194) 560 (498 - 626)
Kansas 738 (676 - 802) 39 (33 - 45) 160 (146 - 173) 539 (482 - 600)
Kentucky 1,316 (1,219 - 1,416) 71 (62 - 81) 241 (224 - 258) 1,005 (913 - 1,100)
Louisiana 1,182 (1,083 - 1,287) 49 (41 - 58) 239 (219 - 259) 895 (801 - 993)
Maine 354 (322 - 387) 19 (17 - 23) 71 (66 - 76) 263 (232 - 296)
Maryland 1,202 (1,079 - 1,335) 59 (49 - 71) 229 (208 - 250) 914 (797 - 1,042)
Massachusetts 1,493 (1,351 - 1,643) 71 (60 - 85) 316 (289 - 342) 1,106 (973 - 1,250)
Michigan 2,734 (2,604 - 2,868) 127 (115 - 139) 555 (533 - 577) 2,052 (1,927 - 2,181)
Minnesota 1,269 (1,159 - 1,382) 69 (58 - 82) 304 (281 - 327) 896 (796 - 1,003)
Mississippi 763 (700 - 829) 35 (30 - 42) 161 (149 - 174) 566 (506 - 630)
Missouri 1,721 (1,585 - 1,860) 94 (80 - 109) 337 (313 - 362) 1,290 (1,162 - 1,424)
Montana 272 (248 - 297) 15 (13 - 18) 56 (52 - 60) 201 (178 - 225)
Nebraska 415 (376 - 456) 23 (19 - 28) 96 (88 - 105) 296 (260 - 334)
Nevada 595 (541 - 652) 26 (21 - 31) 105 (95 - 114) 465 (413 - 519)
New Hampshire 306 (278 - 336) 16 (13 - 19) 65 (59 - 70) 226 (200 - 254)
New Jersey 1,831 (1,634 - 2,044) 99 (82 - 119) 348 (317 - 381) 1,383 (1,196 - 1,589)
New Mexico 437 (398 - 479) 26 (22 - 31) 102 (93 - 111) 309 (273 - 348)
New York 4,426 (4,183 - 4,678) 202 (181 - 225) 882 (838 - 927) 3,342 (3,110 - 3,584)
North Carolina 2,278 (2,078 - 2,486) 122 (104 - 144) 437 (401 - 473) 1,719 (1,530 - 1,920)
North Dakota 172 (158 - 188) 9 (8 - 10) 41 (38 - 44) 122 (109 - 137)
Ohio 3,172 (3,025 - 3,324) 157 (144 - 171) 625 (600 - 650) 2,391 (2,249 - 2,537)
Oklahoma 973 (893 - 1,055) 52 (44 - 61) 212 (197 - 228) 709 (635 - 787)
Oregon 886 (809 - 967) 43 (36 - 51) 184 (169 - 200) 659 (586 - 737)
Pennsylvania 3,315 (3,155 - 3,480) 160 (145 - 176) 646 (619 - 673) 2,509 (2,355 - 2,668)
Rhode Island 261 (237 - 286) 13 (11 - 15) 56 (52 - 61) 192 (170 - 215)
South Carolina 1,143 (1,051 - 1,240) 54 (46 - 64) 221 (203 - 240) 867 (780 - 959)
South Dakota 204 (187 - 221) 13 (11 - 15) 47 (43 - 50) 144 (128 - 160)
Tennessee 1,746 (1,609 - 1,889) 80 (68 - 94) 317 (292 - 342) 1,349 (1,219 - 1,484)
Texas 5,342 (5,077 - 5,615) 243 (216 - 272) 1,108 (1,055 - 1,161) 3,992 (3,741 - 4,253)
Utah 402 (355 - 454) 24 (19 - 30) 106 (92 - 121) 273 (232 - 319)
Vermont 161 (146 - 176) 9 (7 - 10) 37 (35 - 40) 115 (101 - 129)
Virginia 1,782 (1,613 - 1,962) 81 (68 - 97) 372 (343 - 401) 1,329 (1,169 - 1,502)
Washington 1,418 (1,287 - 1,557) 61 (50 - 75) 300 (272 - 328) 1,057 (935 - 1,189)
West Virginia 632 (585 - 682) 27 (23 - 31) 108 (101 - 115) 498 (452 - 545)
Wisconsin 1,474 (1,355 - 1,596) 78 (66 - 91) 313 (289 - 337) 1,083 (973 - 1,201)
Wyoming 137 (125 - 149) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (28 - 32) 100 (89 - 111)

61103

Table 14. Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 60,208   2,865   12,699   44,643  
Alabama 1,017 (919 - 1,122) 47 (39 - 57) 197 (178 - 216) 773 (680 - 874)
Alaska 127 (114 - 140) 7 (6 - 9) 30 (27 - 33) 89 (77 - 102)
Arizona 1,069 (961 - 1,186) 57 (46 - 69) 227 (203 - 251) 786 (685 - 898)
Arkansas 636 (578 - 698) 30 (25 - 36) 134 (123 - 146) 471 (416 - 531)
California 5,323 (4,933 - 5,735) 295 (258 - 337) 1,206 (1,130 - 1,285) 3,822 (3,450 - 4,224)
Colorado 850 (763 - 944) 48 (40 - 57) 207 (187 - 228) 596 (517 - 683)
Connecticut 671 (598 - 750) 39 (32 - 46) 144 (130 - 157) 488 (420 - 565)
Delaware 178 (161 - 196) 8 (7 - 10) 36 (33 - 40) 134 (118 - 151)
District of Columbia 118 (106 - 131) 2 (2 - 3) 23 (20 - 25) 93 (82 - 105)
Florida 3,559 (3,354 - 3,775) 142 (126 - 159) 620 (586 - 654) 2,798 (2,595 - 3,011)
Georgia 1,772 (1,600 - 1,957) 84 (69 - 101) 349 (313 - 386) 1,340 (1,179 - 1,514)
Hawaii 199 (174 - 225) 8 (6 - 10) 44 (39 - 49) 147 (124 - 172)
Idaho 268 (242 - 295) 14 (11 - 16) 70 (63 - 76) 185 (161 - 210)
Illinois 2,816 (2,663 - 2,974) 117 (104 - 130) 608 (579 - 636) 2,092 (1,945 - 2,245)
Indiana 1,431 (1,298 - 1,571) 67 (56 - 81) 299 (273 - 326) 1,064 (941 - 1,197)
Iowa 638 (576 - 703) 29 (24 - 35) 150 (137 - 164) 458 (401 - 521)
Kansas 618 (561 - 678) 32 (26 - 38) 140 (128 - 153) 446 (392 - 504)
Kentucky 1,081 (987 - 1,180) 58 (49 - 68) 207 (190 - 225) 816 (726 - 912)
Louisiana 1,020 (926 - 1,119) 40 (33 - 48) 213 (193 - 234) 767 (679 - 862)
Maine 300 (272 - 331) 16 (14 - 19) 63 (58 - 69) 220 (193 - 250)
Maryland 1,032 (918 - 1,156) 52 (43 - 63) 208 (187 - 229) 773 (665 - 893)
Massachusetts 1,242 (1,117 - 1,377) 54 (45 - 66) 271 (247 - 296) 917 (797 - 1,048)
Michigan 2,356 (2,232 - 2,484) 111 (101 - 123) 503 (481 - 525) 1,742 (1,622 - 1,867)
Minnesota 1,064 (964 - 1,169) 56 (47 - 67) 277 (255 - 299) 731 (640 - 832)
Mississippi 626 (566 - 690) 28 (24 - 34) 133 (122 - 145) 464 (407 - 525)
Missouri 1,429 (1,301 - 1,562) 77 (66 - 90) 293 (269 - 318) 1,058 (938 - 1,188)
Montana 213 (193 - 235) 11 (10 - 13) 46 (42 - 50) 156 (137 - 178)
Nebraska 352 (316 - 390) 19 (16 - 23) 84 (76 - 93) 249 (216 - 285)
Nevada 514 (462 - 570) 21 (18 - 26) 93 (84 - 102) 399 (350 - 453)
New Hampshire 254 (228 - 281) 13 (10 - 15) 56 (50 - 62) 185 (162 - 211)
New Jersey 1,588 (1,408 - 1,784) 84 (69 - 101) 313 (281 - 346) 1,191 (1,020 - 1,382)
New Mexico 370 (332 - 411) 20 (17 - 25) 89 (80 - 98) 261 (226 - 299)
New York 3,926 (3,689 - 4,174) 170 (151 - 190) 810 (768 - 854) 2,946 (2,717 - 3,187)
North Carolina 1,882 (1,686 - 2,090) 99 (83 - 118) 396 (361 - 432) 1,387 (1,202 - 1,589)
North Dakota 139 (126 - 152) 7 (6 - 8) 35 (32 - 38) 97 (85 - 110)
Ohio 2,674 (2,537 - 2,817) 126 (114 - 139) 543 (519 - 567) 2,006 (1,872 - 2,145)
Oklahoma 835 (756 - 919) 43 (36 - 52) 185 (169 - 201) 606 (532 - 687)
Oregon 762 (689 - 840) 33 (28 - 40) 164 (149 - 179) 564 (496 - 639)
Pennsylvania 2,802 (2,652 - 2,959) 135 (123 - 149) 572 (546 - 599) 2,095 (1,949 - 2,247)
Rhode Island 224 (202 - 249) 11 (9 - 13) 50 (45 - 55) 164 (143 - 187)
South Carolina 994 (910 - 1,083) 43 (36 - 51) 195 (177 - 213) 756 (677 - 841)
South Dakota 166 (151 - 182) 10 (9 - 12) 41 (37 - 45) 115 (101 - 130)
Tennessee 1,458 (1,326 - 1,597) 64 (54 - 75) 282 (258 - 306) 1,112 (987 - 1,246)
Texas 4,508 (4,260 - 4,764) 203 (180 - 229) 972 (920 - 1,026) 3,333 (3,095 - 3,583)
Utah 361 (320 - 406) 20 (16 - 25) 100 (87 - 114) 242 (205 - 284)
Vermont 136 (122 - 151) 7 (6 - 9) 32 (30 - 35) 96 (83 - 111)
Virginia 1,506 (1,356 - 1,667) 69 (56 - 84) 323 (295 - 352) 1,114 (972 - 1,269)
Washington 1,244 (1,118 - 1,377) 49 (39 - 60) 269 (243 - 296) 926 (809 - 1,055)
West Virginia 500 (456 - 546) 22 (19 - 26) 92 (85 - 99) 386 (344 - 431)
Wisconsin 1,252 (1,137 - 1,372) 61 (52 - 72) 281 (258 - 304) 910 (802 - 1,027)
Wyoming 109 (98 - 119) 6 (5 - 7) 25 (22 - 27) 78 (68 - 89)

61103

Table 15. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 179,833   17,180   22,581   140,072  
Alabama 2,718 (2,612 - 2,818) 254 (240 - 267) 350 (333 - 367) 2,114 (2,013 - 2,207)
Alaska 368 (354 - 382) 47 (45 - 50) 49 (47 - 52) 272 (258 - 284)
Arizona 3,617 (3,497 - 3,730) 339 (319 - 358) 453 (428 - 476) 2,825 (2,711 - 2,927)
Arkansas 1,635 (1,573 - 1,694) 150 (141 - 158) 205 (194 - 215) 1,280 (1,220 - 1,335)
California 22,731 (22,324 - 23,119) 2,286 (2,221 - 2,350) 2,996 (2,919 - 3,070) 17,449 (17,064 - 17,810)
Colorado 2,841 (2,743 - 2,934) 272 (258 - 286) 356 (336 - 374) 2,213 (2,121 - 2,298)
Connecticut 2,195 (2,112 - 2,271) 205 (195 - 215) 250 (238 - 261) 1,739 (1,660 - 1,811)
Delaware 529 (511 - 546) 48 (46 - 50) 68 (64 - 71) 414 (396 - 430)
District of Columbia 363 (351 - 373) 23 (22 - 24) 49 (46 - 51) 291 (280 - 301)
Florida 11,185 (10,966 - 11,394) 959 (932 - 985) 1,250 (1,216 - 1,281) 8,976 (8,766 - 9,175)
Georgia 5,461 (5,277 - 5,632) 560 (532 - 586) 731 (698 - 762) 4,169 (3,992 - 4,331)
Hawaii 759 (726 - 789) 70 (67 - 74) 87 (82 - 91) 602 (570 - 630)
Idaho 847 (818 - 874) 89 (85 - 94) 119 (113 - 125) 638 (611 - 663)
Illinois 7,772 (7,620 - 7,917) 739 (719 - 760) 977 (951 - 1,002) 6,056 (5,911 - 6,193)
Indiana 3,631 (3,494 - 3,762) 356 (336 - 375) 479 (454 - 502) 2,796 (2,664 - 2,919)
Iowa 1,699 (1,629 - 1,765) 159 (150 - 167) 223 (209 - 236) 1,317 (1,251 - 1,379)
Kansas 1,603 (1,541 - 1,661) 157 (148 - 165) 216 (203 - 228) 1,231 (1,171 - 1,285)
Kentucky 2,267 (2,166 - 2,364) 219 (207 - 231) 278 (262 - 295) 1,769 (1,672 - 1,861)
Louisiana 2,665 (2,567 - 2,758) 270 (257 - 283) 389 (370 - 406) 2,007 (1,913 - 2,093)
Maine 800 (768 - 830) 68 (64 - 72) 88 (83 - 93) 644 (613 - 672)
Maryland 3,482 (3,352 - 3,602) 352 (335 - 368) 417 (397 - 435) 2,713 (2,587 - 2,826)
Massachusetts 4,093 (3,950 - 4,226) 346 (327 - 365) 490 (466 - 512) 3,257 (3,120 - 3,381)
Michigan 6,063 (5,939 - 6,183) 614 (597 - 630) 747 (725 - 768) 4,703 (4,583 - 4,817)
Minnesota 3,062 (2,950 - 3,169) 281 (265 - 297) 395 (372 - 416) 2,386 (2,278 - 2,486)
Mississippi 1,714 (1,650 - 1,774) 172 (162 - 181) 240 (228 - 252) 1,301 (1,241 - 1,357)
Missouri 3,332 (3,197 - 3,459) 321 (304 - 338) 423 (399 - 445) 2,588 (2,459 - 2,708)
Montana 564 (541 - 586) 52 (49 - 54) 74 (70 - 77) 439 (417 - 459)
Nebraska 1,014 (974 - 1,052) 97 (92 - 103) 138 (130 - 145) 779 (740 - 815)
Nevada 1,431 (1,377 - 1,482) 134 (126 - 142) 172 (163 - 180) 1,125 (1,074 - 1,172)
New Hampshire 803 (775 - 830) 80 (76 - 83) 91 (86 - 96) 632 (605 - 657)
New Jersey 5,390 (5,189 - 5,578) 509 (481 - 534) 588 (557 - 618) 4,294 (4,098 - 4,470)
New Mexico 1,185 (1,144 - 1,223) 114 (108 - 120) 157 (148 - 164) 914 (876 - 949)
New York 12,250 (12,019 - 12,470) 1,082 (1,050 - 1,114) 1,440 (1,398 - 1,481) 9,728 (9,507 - 9,936)
North Carolina 4,952 (4,742 - 5,151) 477 (452 - 501) 595 (561 - 627) 3,881 (3,678 - 4,067)
North Dakota 367 (351 - 383) 34 (33 - 36) 55 (51 - 57) 279 (263 - 293)
Ohio 6,823 (6,679 - 6,961) 665 (647 - 683) 842 (817 - 865) 5,316 (5,179 - 5,448)
Oklahoma 2,018 (1,936 - 2,095) 188 (176 - 198) 266 (251 - 281) 1,564 (1,485 - 1,636)
Oregon 2,320 (2,242 - 2,392) 214 (203 - 224) 287 (272 - 301) 1,819 (1,745 - 1,886)
Pennsylvania 7,722 (7,565 - 7,873) 692 (673 - 711) 878 (852 - 904) 6,151 (6,001 - 6,295)
Rhode Island 692 (668 - 714) 62 (58 - 65) 91 (87 - 95) 539 (516 - 559)
South Carolina 2,446 (2,351 - 2,535) 233 (221 - 245) 296 (278 - 314) 1,916 (1,826 - 2,000)
South Dakota 458 (441 - 474) 45 (43 - 48) 61 (58 - 65) 352 (336 - 366)
Tennessee 3,513 (3,379 - 3,642) 312 (295 - 329) 420 (397 - 442) 2,781 (2,652 - 2,900)
Texas 13,350 (13,093 - 13,597) 1,355 (1,315 - 1,394) 1,853 (1,802 - 1,903) 10,142 (9,899 - 10,372)
Utah 1,488 (1,438 - 1,534) 175 (166 - 182) 276 (263 - 288) 1,038 (992 - 1,078)
Vermont 400 (386 - 414) 35 (34 - 37) 47 (45 - 50) 317 (304 - 330)
Virginia 4,558 (4,389 - 4,714) 439 (418 - 460) 543 (516 - 569) 3,575 (3,412 - 3,722)
Washington 3,963 (3,827 - 4,090) 382 (363 - 400) 496 (470 - 520) 3,085 (2,956 - 3,201)
West Virginia 1,063 (1,017 - 1,106) 90 (85 - 95) 119 (112 - 126) 854 (810 - 895)
Wisconsin 3,322 (3,197 - 3,442) 325 (309 - 340) 431 (409 - 453) 2,566 (2,446 - 2,677)
Wyoming 308 (297 - 319) 29 (28 - 31) 40 (38 - 43) 238 (227 - 248)

61103

Table 16. Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 18,655   1,462   5,651   11,542  
Alabama 246 (203 - 298) 21 (16 - 27) 64 (52 - 78) 161 (124 - 209)
Alaska 39 (33 - 46) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 14) 23 (18 - 29)
Arizona 424 (358 - 500) 36 (28 - 47) 114 (96 - 135) 273 (216 - 344)
Arkansas 151 (126 - 179) 12 (9 - 15) 48 (41 - 57) 90 (70 - 117)
California 2,261 (2,052 - 2,490) 200 (173 - 232) 665 (606 - 730) 1,395 (1,205 - 1,613)
Colorado 348 (294 - 410) 29 (23 - 37) 105 (89 - 122) 214 (169 - 270)
Connecticut 247 (207 - 293) 19 (15 - 24) 76 (65 - 88) 152 (117 - 196)
Delaware 49 (41 - 58) 3 (3 - 4) 17 (15 - 20) 28 (22 - 37)
District of Columbia 46 (38 - 54) 1 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 14) 32 (25 - 40)
Florida 1,175 (1,063 - 1,299) 81 (70 - 94) 291 (265 - 320) 802 (697 - 923)
Georgia 429 (351 - 522) 33 (25 - 45) 118 (95 - 144) 278 (211 - 365)
Hawaii 70 (58 - 84) 5 (4 - 7) 22 (18 - 26) 43 (32 - 57)
Idaho 89 (76 - 105) 9 (7 - 11) 28 (24 - 33) 52 (41 - 66)
Illinois 874 (797 - 959) 64 (55 - 74) 281 (258 - 305) 530 (459 - 610)
Indiana 403 (342 - 473) 33 (26 - 41) 130 (110 - 151) 241 (189 - 306)
Iowa 218 (187 - 251) 18 (14 - 23) 82 (71 - 95) 117 (92 - 148)
Kansas 198 (168 - 233) 18 (14 - 23) 67 (57 - 79) 113 (88 - 144)
Kentucky 233 (197 - 276) 20 (16 - 26) 64 (54 - 76) 149 (117 - 188)
Louisiana 278 (234 - 329) 20 (16 - 26) 78 (65 - 92) 180 (142 - 227)
Maine 83 (69 - 98) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (19 - 27) 53 (41 - 67)
Maryland 313 (261 - 375) 25 (19 - 32) 87 (72 - 103) 202 (156 - 260)
Massachusetts 428 (360 - 507) 27 (21 - 35) 131 (112 - 153) 269 (210 - 344)
Michigan 660 (602 - 724) 51 (44 - 58) 210 (193 - 228) 399 (347 - 459)
Minnesota 374 (318 - 436) 27 (21 - 34) 117 (100 - 137) 230 (183 - 288)
Mississippi 156 (130 - 186) 11 (9 - 15) 47 (39 - 57) 97 (76 - 125)
Missouri 427 (366 - 496) 34 (27 - 43) 137 (119 - 157) 256 (203 - 320)
Montana 78 (67 - 91) 7 (6 - 9) 28 (24 - 32) 43 (33 - 56)
Nebraska 136 (117 - 157) 11 (9 - 14) 50 (43 - 58) 75 (60 - 94)
Nevada 162 (138 - 191) 13 (10 - 16) 47 (40 - 55) 102 (81 - 129)
New Hampshire 86 (72 - 101) 7 (5 - 9) 29 (25 - 34) 50 (38 - 64)
New Jersey 468 (388 - 564) 42 (32 - 55) 129 (108 - 154) 297 (226 - 388)
New Mexico 134 (114 - 158) 12 (9 - 15) 42 (35 - 49) 81 (63 - 103)
New York 1,103 (993 - 1,226) 85 (73 - 100) 348 (315 - 382) 671 (571 - 786)
North Carolina 485 (404 - 581) 38 (29 - 49) 132 (109 - 158) 316 (245 - 405)
North Dakota 52 (45 - 60) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 23) 28 (22 - 36)
Ohio 690 (630 - 755) 53 (46 - 61) 227 (208 - 248) 410 (356 - 471)
Oklahoma 227 (194 - 266) 18 (14 - 24) 78 (66 - 91) 131 (103 - 166)
Oregon 234 (198 - 276) 19 (15 - 24) 71 (60 - 84) 144 (114 - 182)
Pennsylvania 788 (715 - 868) 58 (50 - 68) 252 (231 - 274) 478 (410 - 555)
Rhode Island 75 (64 - 87) 5 (4 - 7) 25 (21 - 29) 45 (35 - 56)
South Carolina 270 (224 - 324) 17 (13 - 21) 63 (51 - 77) 190 (149 - 241)
South Dakota 59 (50 - 69) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (18 - 24) 33 (25 - 42)
Tennessee 329 (275 - 392) 23 (18 - 30) 95 (79 - 114) 210 (164 - 269)
Texas 1,386 (1,257 - 1,527) 108 (92 - 126) 428 (389 - 470) 851 (736 - 983)
Utah 137 (116 - 162) 12 (9 - 16) 51 (42 - 61) 75 (57 - 97)
Vermont 46 (40 - 54) 3 (3 - 4) 16 (14 - 18) 27 (21 - 34)
Virginia 448 (380 - 529) 31 (24 - 41) 141 (120 - 166) 276 (217 - 349)
Washington 428 (362 - 504) 30 (23 - 39) 130 (110 - 153) 268 (211 - 338)
West Virginia 108 (91 - 127) 9 (7 - 11) 35 (30 - 41) 64 (50 - 82)
Wisconsin 469 (402 - 543) 38 (30 - 47) 154 (134 - 177) 277 (221 - 346)
Wyoming 40 (34 - 47) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 24 (19 - 30)

61103

Table 17. Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 8,164   542   2,331   5,291  
Alabama 117 (92 - 149) 9 (6 - 14) 31 (24 - 41) 76 (55 - 106)
Alaska 19 (15 - 24) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 12 (9 - 17)
Arizona 194 (153 - 245) 14 (9 - 20) 53 (41 - 68) 127 (92 - 174)
Arkansas 68 (54 - 85) 4 (3 - 6) 20 (16 - 26) 44 (32 - 60)
California 1,050 (911 - 1,209) 80 (63 - 102) 284 (245 - 329) 686 (562 - 835)
Colorado 150 (119 - 187) 12 (8 - 17) 48 (38 - 61) 90 (64 - 125)
Connecticut 101 (80 - 128) 6 (4 - 9) 28 (22 - 35) 67 (49 - 93)
Delaware 19 (15 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (9 - 18)
District of Columbia 25 (19 - 31) 1 (0 - 1) 6 (5 - 7) 18 (14 - 25)
Florida 479 (414 - 554) 27 (21 - 34) 124 (107 - 143) 328 (269 - 401)
Georgia 199 (153 - 258) 13 (8 - 19) 47 (35 - 63) 139 (99 - 194)
Hawaii 34 (26 - 45) 2 (2 - 4) 10 (7 - 13) 22 (15 - 32)
Idaho 38 (30 - 47) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (10 - 16) 22 (16 - 30)
Illinois 389 (341 - 444) 24 (19 - 30) 115 (100 - 132) 250 (206 - 303)
Indiana 174 (139 - 217) 13 (9 - 18) 55 (43 - 70) 106 (77 - 146)
Iowa 93 (75 - 114) 7 (5 - 9) 33 (26 - 41) 53 (39 - 72)
Kansas 83 (67 - 103) 7 (5 - 10) 27 (21 - 34) 49 (36 - 67)
Kentucky 105 (83 - 132) 8 (6 - 12) 28 (21 - 37) 69 (50 - 94)
Louisiana 115 (90 - 145) 6 (4 - 10) 30 (23 - 40) 78 (57 - 107)
Maine 36 (28 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 13) 23 (17 - 32)
Maryland 138 (108 - 176) 9 (6 - 14) 32 (24 - 42) 96 (70 - 132)
Massachusetts 200 (159 - 252) 10 (6 - 14) 60 (48 - 76) 131 (94 - 180)
Michigan 282 (245 - 324) 19 (15 - 24) 83 (72 - 95) 180 (148 - 220)
Minnesota 153 (123 - 189) 9 (6 - 13) 47 (37 - 60) 96 (71 - 129)
Mississippi 80 (64 - 101) 5 (3 - 7) 22 (17 - 28) 53 (39 - 73)
Missouri 168 (135 - 209) 10 (7 - 15) 50 (40 - 64) 107 (79 - 145)
Montana 32 (25 - 39) 2 (2 - 3) 10 (8 - 13) 19 (13 - 26)
Nebraska 53 (43 - 64) 4 (2 - 5) 20 (16 - 25) 29 (21 - 39)
Nevada 71 (57 - 88) 5 (3 - 7) 20 (15 - 25) 46 (34 - 62)
New Hampshire 35 (28 - 44) 2 (2 - 4) 11 (9 - 14) 22 (16 - 29)
New Jersey 204 (157 - 263) 15 (10 - 23) 50 (37 - 66) 139 (98 - 195)
New Mexico 60 (47 - 77) 4 (3 - 6) 17 (13 - 22) 39 (28 - 54)
New York 500 (427 - 585) 31 (24 - 40) 137 (117 - 159) 332 (266 - 414)
North Carolina 239 (189 - 302) 14 (10 - 20) 61 (47 - 78) 164 (121 - 222)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 1 (1 - 2) 8 (6 - 10) 12 (9 - 16)
Ohio 296 (258 - 339) 19 (15 - 24) 90 (78 - 104) 187 (153 - 228)
Oklahoma 98 (79 - 122) 7 (5 - 10) 32 (26 - 41) 59 (43 - 81)
Oregon 111 (90 - 136) 8 (5 - 12) 35 (28 - 44) 68 (50 - 91)
Pennsylvania 334 (291 - 385) 21 (17 - 27) 99 (87 - 113) 214 (174 - 262)
Rhode Island 34 (27 - 42) 2 (1 - 3) 11 (8 - 13) 21 (16 - 28)
South Carolina 118 (94 - 150) 8 (5 - 11) 30 (23 - 39) 81 (59 - 110)
South Dakota 25 (20 - 31) 2 (1 - 3) 8 (7 - 11) 15 (11 - 20)
Tennessee 142 (111 - 181) 9 (6 - 13) 38 (29 - 50) 95 (69 - 132)
Texas 567 (491 - 652) 40 (31 - 52) 177 (152 - 205) 350 (285 - 429)
Utah 68 (54 - 84) 5 (3 - 7) 20 (16 - 27) 42 (31 - 57)
Vermont 20 (16 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 7) 13 (10 - 18)
Virginia 201 (160 - 252) 13 (9 - 18) 59 (46 - 74) 130 (94 - 178)
Washington 180 (143 - 226) 10 (6 - 15) 52 (40 - 67) 119 (87 - 161)
West Virginia 48 (38 - 59) 3 (2 - 5) 16 (13 - 20) 28 (20 - 39)
Wisconsin 189 (151 - 236) 12 (8 - 17) 54 (43 - 67) 124 (91 - 168)
Wyoming 14 (11 - 18) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 9 (6 - 12)

61103

Table 18. Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 7,065   1,266   2,706   3,092  
Alabama 113 (92 - 138) 19 (15 - 25) 43 (33 - 54) 51 (36 - 73)
Alaska 18 (14 - 22) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 7 (5 - 11)
Arizona 134 (110 - 163) 34 (25 - 45) 48 (37 - 62) 52 (35 - 76)
Arkansas 74 (61 - 89) 13 (10 - 18) 31 (25 - 38) 30 (21 - 43)
California 880 (777 - 997) 173 (147 - 203) 326 (286 - 373) 380 (299 - 484)
Colorado 126 (104 - 152) 21 (16 - 28) 52 (41 - 65) 53 (37 - 75)
Connecticut 98 (81 - 119) 18 (14 - 23) 44 (36 - 54) 36 (24 - 54)
Delaware 22 (18 - 26) 3 (3 - 5) 9 (7 - 11) 9 (7 - 13)
District of Columbia 17 (14 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 10 (7 - 15)
Florida 421 (370 - 479) 73 (62 - 85) 147 (129 - 168) 200 (158 - 254)
Georgia 195 (157 - 242) 32 (23 - 43) 69 (53 - 89) 94 (66 - 135)
Hawaii 27 (21 - 36) 4 (3 - 6) 8 (6 - 11) 15 (9 - 24)
Idaho 33 (27 - 39) 7 (5 - 9) 14 (11 - 18) 12 (9 - 17)
Illinois 294 (258 - 334) 46 (38 - 55) 109 (95 - 125) 139 (109 - 177)
Indiana 148 (122 - 180) 28 (22 - 37) 58 (46 - 74) 62 (43 - 88)
Iowa 57 (45 - 72) 10 (7 - 13) 22 (16 - 29) 26 (17 - 38)
Kansas 64 (52 - 79) 12 (9 - 16) 25 (19 - 32) 28 (19 - 40)
Kentucky 101 (81 - 127) 15 (11 - 20) 35 (27 - 45) 51 (35 - 75)
Louisiana 112 (91 - 137) 18 (14 - 24) 41 (32 - 52) 52 (37 - 74)
Maine 38 (31 - 45) 7 (6 - 9) 16 (13 - 19) 15 (10 - 21)
Maryland 125 (101 - 154) 23 (17 - 30) 44 (34 - 56) 58 (40 - 84)
Massachusetts 170 (141 - 204) 28 (21 - 36) 70 (56 - 87) 71 (51 - 100)
Michigan 261 (233 - 293) 44 (37 - 51) 107 (95 - 121) 111 (88 - 139)
Minnesota 120 (98 - 146) 19 (15 - 26) 51 (40 - 63) 50 (35 - 73)
Mississippi 68 (56 - 84) 11 (8 - 15) 26 (20 - 33) 32 (22 - 45)
Missouri 143 (119 - 173) 28 (21 - 36) 62 (50 - 78) 53 (37 - 77)
Montana 23 (19 - 28) 5 (3 - 6) 10 (8 - 13) 9 (6 - 12)
Nebraska 37 (30 - 45) 7 (5 - 9) 16 (12 - 20) 14 (10 - 22)
Nevada 51 (41 - 63) 9 (7 - 12) 16 (12 - 21) 26 (18 - 36)
New Hampshire 32 (26 - 38) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (10 - 16) 13 (9 - 18)
New Jersey 187 (152 - 232) 39 (29 - 52) 69 (54 - 89) 79 (53 - 119)
New Mexico 48 (39 - 58) 10 (7 - 13) 19 (15 - 25) 18 (13 - 27)
New York 485 (427 - 552) 83 (70 - 97) 181 (157 - 207) 222 (174 - 282)
North Carolina 209 (170 - 256) 36 (28 - 47) 73 (58 - 93) 100 (70 - 141)
North Dakota 13 (10 - 16) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (4 - 8)
Ohio 259 (228 - 294) 48 (40 - 56) 94 (82 - 108) 117 (91 - 150)
Oklahoma 86 (71 - 105) 17 (13 - 22) 33 (26 - 42) 36 (25 - 52)
Oregon 88 (73 - 106) 17 (13 - 22) 36 (29 - 46) 35 (24 - 50)
Pennsylvania 281 (249 - 318) 47 (40 - 55) 115 (102 - 130) 119 (92 - 153)
Rhode Island 32 (27 - 39) 6 (4 - 7) 15 (12 - 19) 11 (8 - 17)
South Carolina 103 (84 - 126) 16 (13 - 21) 35 (27 - 45) 51 (36 - 72)
South Dakota 16 (13 - 20) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 155 (127 - 188) 24 (18 - 31) 61 (48 - 76) 71 (50 - 99)
Texas 503 (444 - 571) 98 (82 - 116) 210 (183 - 240) 195 (151 - 253)
Utah 66 (55 - 80) 12 (9 - 15) 30 (23 - 38) 24 (17 - 34)
Vermont 16 (14 - 20) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 6 (4 - 9)
Virginia 168 (136 - 207) 28 (21 - 37) 61 (47 - 77) 79 (55 - 114)
Washington 158 (128 - 195) 22 (16 - 30) 62 (49 - 79) 74 (51 - 108)
West Virginia 45 (37 - 53) 8 (6 - 10) 19 (15 - 24) 18 (12 - 26)
Wisconsin 134 (108 - 163) 27 (21 - 35) 46 (36 - 59) 60 (42 - 87)
Wyoming 12 (10 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (4 - 7)

61103

Table 19. Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 4,785   708   1,843   2,235  
Alabama 74 (58 - 94) 12 (8 - 17) 29 (21 - 38) 34 (22 - 51)
Alaska 12 (10 - 16) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 6 (4 - 9)
Arizona 87 (68 - 110) 19 (13 - 27) 33 (24 - 45) 35 (23 - 54)
Arkansas 51 (41 - 64) 8 (6 - 11) 20 (15 - 27) 23 (15 - 34)
California 618 (534 - 715) 108 (88 - 133) 248 (210 - 291) 263 (197 - 350)
Colorado 90 (71 - 114) 13 (9 - 18) 37 (28 - 49) 40 (27 - 60)
Connecticut 68 (54 - 85) 10 (7 - 14) 30 (24 - 39) 27 (17 - 43)
Delaware 15 (12 - 19) 2 (1 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 7 (4 - 10)
District of Columbia 13 (10 - 17) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 12)
Florida 269 (231 - 315) 35 (28 - 43) 96 (82 - 113) 138 (105 - 181)
Georgia 134 (105 - 172) 18 (13 - 26) 48 (36 - 65) 68 (45 - 101)
Hawaii 18 (13 - 25) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (5 - 9) 10 (6 - 17)
Idaho 21 (16 - 26) 3 (2 - 5) 9 (6 - 12) 8 (6 - 13)
Illinois 199 (169 - 236) 24 (19 - 31) 72 (60 - 85) 103 (78 - 137)
Indiana 103 (81 - 129) 16 (12 - 22) 41 (31 - 55) 45 (30 - 67)
Iowa 38 (28 - 50) 6 (4 - 9) 13 (9 - 18) 19 (12 - 29)
Kansas 43 (34 - 56) 6 (4 - 8) 17 (13 - 23) 20 (13 - 31)
Kentucky 71 (55 - 92) 9 (7 - 13) 24 (18 - 32) 38 (25 - 58)
Louisiana 76 (59 - 97) 10 (7 - 14) 26 (20 - 36) 40 (27 - 59)
Maine 25 (20 - 31) 4 (3 - 6) 11 (8 - 14) 10 (7 - 15)
Maryland 88 (69 - 111) 13 (9 - 17) 32 (24 - 42) 43 (29 - 64)
Massachusetts 119 (95 - 148) 14 (10 - 20) 49 (38 - 64) 55 (38 - 80)
Michigan 183 (159 - 210) 24 (19 - 29) 79 (68 - 91) 81 (62 - 105)
Minnesota 79 (62 - 100) 10 (7 - 14) 35 (26 - 46) 34 (22 - 52)
Mississippi 47 (38 - 59) 6 (5 - 9) 19 (14 - 25) 22 (15 - 32)
Missouri 87 (69 - 111) 14 (10 - 20) 34 (25 - 45) 39 (26 - 59)
Montana 15 (12 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 9) 7 (4 - 10)
Nebraska 27 (21 - 34) 4 (3 - 6) 11 (8 - 15) 11 (8 - 17)
Nevada 36 (27 - 47) 5 (3 - 7) 12 (9 - 16) 19 (13 - 29)
New Hampshire 21 (16 - 26) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 10) 10 (6 - 14)
New Jersey 128 (100 - 163) 23 (16 - 31) 48 (35 - 64) 58 (38 - 88)
New Mexico 33 (26 - 42) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (10 - 19) 13 (8 - 21)
New York 336 (288 - 394) 49 (40 - 61) 123 (104 - 144) 164 (124 - 218)
North Carolina 136 (106 - 174) 19 (14 - 26) 43 (32 - 59) 73 (50 - 108)
North Dakota 9 (7 - 11) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 5) 4 (3 - 6)
Ohio 176 (150 - 206) 26 (21 - 32) 63 (53 - 75) 87 (66 - 115)
Oklahoma 60 (48 - 75) 10 (7 - 14) 23 (17 - 31) 27 (18 - 40)
Oregon 62 (50 - 77) 9 (7 - 13) 26 (20 - 33) 27 (19 - 40)
Pennsylvania 185 (159 - 217) 26 (20 - 32) 74 (63 - 87) 86 (64 - 115)
Rhode Island 22 (18 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 11 (8 - 13) 9 (6 - 14)
South Carolina 64 (50 - 82) 8 (6 - 12) 22 (16 - 30) 33 (23 - 49)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 14) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 8)
Tennessee 103 (81 - 130) 14 (10 - 20) 35 (26 - 47) 53 (36 - 77)
Texas 324 (278 - 378) 54 (43 - 67) 132 (111 - 157) 138 (104 - 184)
Utah 44 (35 - 55) 7 (5 - 9) 20 (15 - 27) 17 (12 - 25)
Vermont 12 (10 - 15) 2 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 7)
Virginia 115 (90 - 147) 14 (10 - 20) 43 (32 - 57) 58 (38 - 87)
Washington 120 (93 - 153) 14 (10 - 20) 48 (36 - 63) 58 (38 - 88)
West Virginia 29 (23 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (9 - 16) 13 (8 - 19)
Wisconsin 82 (65 - 104) 13 (9 - 18) 29 (22 - 39) 41 (27 - 61)
Wyoming 8 (7 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (2 - 6)

61103

Table 20. Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 22,361   2,133   6,955   13,273  
Alabama 299 (253 - 353) 30 (24 - 38) 88 (75 - 102) 181 (141 - 232)
Alaska 50 (44 - 58) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (13 - 18) 29 (23 - 36)
Arizona 485 (418 - 562) 54 (43 - 66) 135 (115 - 157) 297 (238 - 368)
Arkansas 193 (168 - 221) 21 (17 - 25) 64 (56 - 74) 108 (87 - 135)
California 2,711 (2,488 - 2,954) 282 (248 - 319) 824 (758 - 895) 1,605 (1,405 - 1,831)
Colorado 414 (359 - 475) 40 (32 - 50) 128 (111 - 146) 246 (198 - 303)
Connecticut 299 (257 - 347) 29 (24 - 36) 95 (83 - 108) 174 (137 - 220)
Delaware 61 (53 - 70) 5 (4 - 7) 22 (19 - 25) 33 (26 - 42)
District of Columbia 54 (46 - 62) 2 (2 - 3) 14 (12 - 17) 37 (30 - 45)
Florida 1,386 (1,270 - 1,514) 123 (109 - 139) 367 (338 - 397) 897 (787 - 1,020)
Georgia 553 (467 - 653) 51 (40 - 66) 161 (136 - 189) 341 (266 - 434)
Hawaii 82 (68 - 97) 7 (6 - 9) 26 (22 - 30) 49 (37 - 64)
Idaho 104 (90 - 120) 12 (10 - 15) 33 (29 - 39) 59 (47 - 73)
Illinois 1,009 (930 - 1,095) 85 (74 - 97) 332 (308 - 357) 592 (519 - 675)
Indiana 476 (413 - 546) 46 (38 - 57) 154 (133 - 177) 276 (221 - 343)
Iowa 238 (208 - 270) 22 (18 - 28) 88 (77 - 100) 128 (103 - 158)
Kansas 227 (199 - 259) 23 (19 - 28) 78 (68 - 90) 126 (101 - 156)
Kentucky 294 (252 - 342) 28 (23 - 34) 80 (68 - 93) 187 (149 - 233)
Louisiana 347 (301 - 400) 31 (25 - 38) 100 (85 - 116) 217 (175 - 267)
Maine 106 (92 - 123) 12 (10 - 15) 31 (27 - 36) 63 (50 - 79)
Maryland 381 (326 - 444) 38 (31 - 47) 109 (93 - 126) 234 (186 - 294)
Massachusetts 524 (455 - 602) 43 (35 - 54) 161 (140 - 184) 320 (259 - 393)
Michigan 809 (746 - 876) 74 (65 - 83) 266 (247 - 285) 469 (412 - 534)
Minnesota 433 (375 - 497) 38 (31 - 46) 138 (120 - 158) 258 (208 - 318)
Mississippi 189 (161 - 220) 18 (14 - 23) 61 (52 - 71) 110 (86 - 139)
Missouri 485 (421 - 556) 48 (39 - 58) 161 (141 - 183) 276 (221 - 342)
Montana 87 (76 - 100) 9 (8 - 11) 31 (27 - 35) 47 (38 - 59)
Nebraska 150 (131 - 172) 14 (11 - 17) 55 (48 - 63) 81 (65 - 101)
Nevada 187 (161 - 216) 17 (14 - 21) 55 (48 - 63) 115 (93 - 142)
New Hampshire 104 (91 - 120) 11 (9 - 13) 34 (30 - 39) 59 (48 - 74)
New Jersey 568 (487 - 664) 63 (50 - 79) 171 (146 - 198) 335 (263 - 425)
New Mexico 158 (136 - 182) 17 (13 - 21) 51 (43 - 58) 91 (72 - 113)
New York 1,392 (1,273 - 1,523) 131 (115 - 149) 440 (406 - 477) 821 (711 - 946)
North Carolina 604 (512 - 709) 58 (47 - 71) 163 (139 - 191) 383 (302 - 483)
North Dakota 58 (51 - 66) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 24) 31 (25 - 38)
Ohio 837 (771 - 910) 80 (71 - 90) 271 (250 - 293) 487 (426 - 555)
Oklahoma 270 (235 - 309) 28 (22 - 35) 93 (81 - 106) 149 (119 - 185)
Oregon 277 (241 - 318) 28 (23 - 35) 86 (74 - 99) 163 (132 - 202)
Pennsylvania 928 (851 - 1,012) 82 (72 - 94) 303 (281 - 326) 543 (472 - 623)
Rhode Island 93 (81 - 106) 9 (7 - 11) 32 (28 - 37) 52 (42 - 65)
South Carolina 320 (272 - 375) 27 (22 - 33) 81 (68 - 96) 211 (169 - 263)
South Dakota 66 (57 - 75) 7 (6 - 9) 23 (20 - 27) 35 (28 - 44)
Tennessee 414 (357 - 477) 37 (29 - 45) 129 (110 - 150) 248 (200 - 307)
Texas 1,651 (1,518 - 1,793) 159 (139 - 182) 545 (503 - 589) 947 (828 - 1,082)
Utah 179 (156 - 205) 18 (15 - 23) 68 (58 - 79) 93 (74 - 116)
Vermont 55 (48 - 63) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 21) 32 (26 - 40)
Virginia 532 (459 - 615) 47 (37 - 58) 169 (148 - 193) 316 (252 - 394)
Washington 518 (449 - 595) 42 (34 - 52) 160 (139 - 184) 316 (256 - 389)
West Virginia 129 (111 - 150) 12 (10 - 15) 43 (38 - 49) 74 (58 - 94)
Wisconsin 528 (459 - 602) 54 (44 - 66) 167 (147 - 189) 307 (248 - 378)
Wyoming 47 (41 - 54) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (13 - 17) 28 (22 - 34)

61103

Table 21. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 6,448   1,187   2,505   2,756  
Alabama 92 (76 - 113) 17 (13 - 23) 36 (28 - 46) 39 (27 - 57)
Alaska 18 (14 - 22) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 9 (6 - 13)
Arizona 126 (102 - 154) 32 (24 - 43) 45 (34 - 59) 49 (33 - 72)
Arkansas 67 (56 - 81) 13 (10 - 16) 29 (23 - 36) 26 (18 - 37)
California 849 (749 - 963) 169 (143 - 199) 316 (273 - 366) 364 (281 - 470)
Colorado 119 (97 - 144) 20 (15 - 27) 50 (39 - 64) 48 (33 - 70)
Connecticut 89 (73 - 107) 16 (12 - 21) 42 (34 - 52) 30 (20 - 46)
Delaware 19 (16 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 8 (6 - 12)
District of Columbia 15 (11 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 8 (5 - 12)
Florida 394 (345 - 451) 70 (60 - 81) 139 (121 - 159) 186 (144 - 238)
Georgia 175 (140 - 218) 29 (21 - 40) 63 (47 - 83) 82 (56 - 121)
Hawaii 25 (19 - 33) 4 (3 - 6) 8 (6 - 10) 13 (8 - 21)
Idaho 30 (25 - 37) 6 (4 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 12 (8 - 17)
Illinois 265 (232 - 303) 43 (36 - 52) 104 (90 - 120) 118 (91 - 151)
Indiana 133 (109 - 161) 27 (21 - 35) 53 (42 - 67) 53 (37 - 76)
Iowa 52 (40 - 65) 9 (6 - 12) 21 (15 - 28) 22 (14 - 34)
Kansas 54 (44 - 67) 11 (8 - 14) 23 (18 - 30) 21 (14 - 31)
Kentucky 97 (77 - 121) 14 (10 - 18) 32 (25 - 41) 51 (35 - 75)
Louisiana 108 (87 - 135) 17 (13 - 23) 38 (30 - 50) 53 (36 - 76)
Maine 35 (29 - 43) 7 (5 - 9) 14 (12 - 18) 14 (9 - 20)
Maryland 109 (87 - 138) 21 (16 - 28) 38 (29 - 50) 50 (33 - 75)
Massachusetts 150 (123 - 183) 27 (21 - 35) 63 (50 - 79) 60 (41 - 87)
Michigan 231 (206 - 259) 41 (35 - 48) 97 (86 - 111) 92 (72 - 118)
Minnesota 104 (84 - 126) 18 (13 - 24) 45 (35 - 58) 41 (28 - 59)
Mississippi 63 (51 - 78) 10 (8 - 13) 23 (18 - 30) 30 (20 - 43)
Missouri 136 (111 - 166) 25 (19 - 33) 57 (45 - 71) 53 (36 - 80)
Montana 21 (17 - 25) 4 (3 - 5) 9 (7 - 12) 7 (5 - 11)
Nebraska 32 (26 - 40) 6 (4 - 8) 14 (10 - 18) 13 (8 - 19)
Nevada 48 (38 - 61) 8 (6 - 12) 15 (12 - 20) 25 (17 - 37)
New Hampshire 28 (23 - 34) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (9 - 15) 10 (7 - 15)
New Jersey 161 (131 - 199) 37 (27 - 49) 63 (49 - 82) 61 (41 - 92)
New Mexico 45 (36 - 55) 9 (7 - 12) 19 (14 - 24) 17 (11 - 26)
New York 424 (374 - 481) 76 (64 - 89) 171 (148 - 196) 178 (138 - 229)
North Carolina 196 (158 - 242) 34 (25 - 44) 66 (51 - 84) 96 (66 - 140)
North Dakota 11 (9 - 14) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)
Ohio 228 (199 - 262) 44 (37 - 52) 83 (71 - 97) 101 (77 - 132)
Oklahoma 82 (66 - 100) 16 (12 - 21) 31 (25 - 40) 35 (23 - 51)
Oregon 83 (68 - 101) 15 (11 - 20) 32 (25 - 41) 36 (25 - 51)
Pennsylvania 252 (222 - 287) 44 (37 - 52) 100 (87 - 115) 108 (83 - 139)
Rhode Island 29 (24 - 35) 5 (4 - 7) 14 (11 - 18) 10 (7 - 15)
South Carolina 95 (77 - 118) 16 (12 - 20) 33 (25 - 43) 47 (33 - 67)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (3 - 7)
Tennessee 146 (119 - 177) 23 (17 - 30) 58 (46 - 74) 65 (45 - 92)
Texas 460 (405 - 522) 92 (77 - 109) 196 (170 - 225) 172 (131 - 227)
Utah 60 (49 - 72) 10 (8 - 14) 26 (20 - 33) 24 (17 - 33)
Vermont 15 (12 - 18) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 8)
Virginia 136 (111 - 167) 25 (18 - 33) 53 (41 - 68) 58 (40 - 85)
Washington 155 (124 - 194) 21 (15 - 28) 57 (44 - 74) 78 (52 - 114)
West Virginia 40 (33 - 49) 7 (5 - 9) 18 (14 - 23) 15 (10 - 23)
Wisconsin 122 (98 - 151) 25 (19 - 33) 43 (33 - 56) 54 (36 - 79)
Wyoming 11 (9 - 13) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)

61103

Table 22. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 17,787   1,393   5,472   10,923  
Alabama 229 (189 - 278) 20 (15 - 26) 60 (49 - 74) 149 (114 - 195)
Alaska 37 (31 - 44) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 14) 22 (17 - 28)
Arizona 404 (342 - 474) 35 (27 - 45) 114 (96 - 135) 254 (201 - 320)
Arkansas 139 (117 - 166) 11 (8 - 15) 44 (37 - 53) 84 (65 - 109)
California 2,197 (1,986 - 2,431) 185 (157 - 218) 663 (600 - 732) 1,349 (1,158 - 1,568)
Colorado 334 (283 - 392) 29 (23 - 37) 102 (87 - 119) 203 (160 - 257)
Connecticut 233 (194 - 280) 18 (14 - 23) 70 (60 - 82) 145 (111 - 189)
Delaware 46 (39 - 55) 3 (3 - 4) 17 (14 - 19) 26 (20 - 34)
District of Columbia 43 (36 - 51) 1 (1 - 2) 12 (10 - 14) 30 (23 - 38)
Florida 1,125 (1,015 - 1,247) 76 (65 - 89) 283 (258 - 310) 766 (662 - 884)
Georgia 409 (336 - 498) 32 (23 - 43) 117 (95 - 143) 261 (198 - 343)
Hawaii 66 (55 - 80) 5 (4 - 7) 21 (17 - 25) 40 (30 - 53)
Idaho 86 (73 - 101) 9 (7 - 11) 27 (23 - 32) 50 (39 - 64)
Illinois 848 (774 - 930) 61 (52 - 71) 277 (255 - 301) 510 (442 - 587)
Indiana 385 (329 - 449) 32 (25 - 40) 121 (103 - 142) 232 (184 - 292)
Iowa 209 (179 - 241) 16 (13 - 21) 80 (70 - 92) 112 (89 - 142)
Kansas 186 (159 - 218) 17 (13 - 21) 66 (56 - 77) 103 (81 - 132)
Kentucky 227 (191 - 269) 20 (16 - 26) 63 (52 - 76) 144 (112 - 184)
Louisiana 272 (229 - 324) 20 (16 - 25) 76 (63 - 91) 177 (138 - 224)
Maine 80 (68 - 95) 7 (5 - 9) 22 (19 - 26) 51 (40 - 65)
Maryland 297 (246 - 357) 25 (19 - 32) 85 (70 - 102) 188 (144 - 243)
Massachusetts 408 (345 - 483) 27 (21 - 35) 127 (109 - 148) 254 (198 - 324)
Michigan 620 (563 - 684) 48 (42 - 56) 201 (184 - 219) 371 (319 - 430)
Minnesota 354 (300 - 415) 26 (20 - 33) 111 (94 - 130) 218 (172 - 274)
Mississippi 148 (123 - 177) 11 (9 - 15) 45 (37 - 54) 92 (71 - 118)
Missouri 395 (337 - 461) 33 (26 - 42) 129 (110 - 149) 233 (184 - 295)
Montana 71 (61 - 82) 6 (5 - 8) 25 (22 - 29) 39 (31 - 50)
Nebraska 129 (111 - 150) 11 (8 - 14) 47 (40 - 55) 71 (56 - 90)
Nevada 156 (132 - 183) 12 (9 - 16) 46 (39 - 54) 97 (77 - 122)
New Hampshire 83 (70 - 98) 7 (5 - 9) 28 (23 - 32) 49 (38 - 62)
New Jersey 448 (371 - 542) 42 (32 - 54) 126 (104 - 150) 281 (214 - 368)
New Mexico 124 (105 - 145) 11 (9 - 15) 41 (35 - 48) 72 (56 - 91)
New York 1,043 (936 - 1,162) 81 (68 - 96) 336 (304 - 371) 626 (530 - 739)
North Carolina 452 (373 - 546) 37 (28 - 48) 125 (103 - 151) 290 (222 - 378)
North Dakota 51 (43 - 59) 4 (3 - 5) 20 (17 - 23) 27 (21 - 34)
Ohio 652 (593 - 718) 50 (42 - 58) 216 (197 - 236) 387 (333 - 449)
Oklahoma 214 (182 - 250) 17 (13 - 23) 73 (62 - 86) 123 (96 - 157)
Oregon 226 (193 - 264) 17 (13 - 22) 69 (59 - 82) 139 (110 - 174)
Pennsylvania 748 (680 - 824) 55 (47 - 65) 244 (224 - 265) 449 (387 - 521)
Rhode Island 70 (60 - 82) 5 (4 - 7) 24 (20 - 28) 41 (33 - 52)
South Carolina 254 (212 - 304) 15 (12 - 20) 60 (49 - 74) 179 (141 - 227)
South Dakota 55 (47 - 64) 5 (4 - 7) 20 (17 - 23) 30 (24 - 38)
Tennessee 316 (262 - 380) 22 (17 - 29) 92 (76 - 109) 203 (156 - 262)
Texas 1,336 (1,214 - 1,469) 103 (87 - 121) 421 (380 - 465) 812 (704 - 936)
Utah 130 (109 - 155) 11 (8 - 14) 50 (41 - 61) 69 (52 - 91)
Vermont 45 (38 - 53) 3 (3 - 4) 15 (13 - 18) 26 (21 - 34)
Virginia 422 (356 - 499) 30 (23 - 39) 135 (114 - 159) 257 (200 - 329)
Washington 400 (337 - 472) 29 (23 - 38) 120 (101 - 142) 250 (196 - 318)
West Virginia 102 (86 - 121) 8 (7 - 11) 33 (28 - 38) 61 (47 - 79)
Wisconsin 442 (376 - 516) 37 (30 - 47) 148 (127 - 171) 257 (202 - 325)
Wyoming 38 (33 - 45) 3 (2 - 4) 12 (11 - 14) 23 (18 - 29)

61103

Table 23. Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Estimates for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) presented here are based on the short form of the SPD module. Hence, prior estimates based on the long form of the SPD module are not comparable with these estimates. For details, see Appendix A of the report on State estimates of substance use from the 2004-2005 NSDUHs.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 25,190   6,271   18,919  
Alabama 358 (305 - 420) 86 (74 - 100) 272 (221 - 332)
Alaska 53 (45 - 63) 13 (12 - 16) 40 (32 - 49)
Arizona 489 (416 - 572) 132 (113 - 152) 357 (289 - 439)
Arkansas 262 (225 - 304) 67 (59 - 77) 195 (160 - 236)
California 2,761 (2,487 - 3,062) 753 (691 - 818) 2,008 (1,748 - 2,304)
Colorado 385 (329 - 448) 96 (82 - 112) 288 (236 - 351)
Connecticut 299 (252 - 354) 72 (63 - 83) 227 (182 - 281)
Delaware 73 (62 - 85) 18 (16 - 21) 55 (45 - 67)
District of Columbia 52 (45 - 61) 11 (10 - 13) 41 (34 - 49)
Florida 1,473 (1,330 - 1,630) 291 (267 - 317) 1,182 (1,042 - 1,338)
Georgia 737 (628 - 862) 179 (153 - 207) 558 (456 - 681)
Hawaii 90 (75 - 108) 24 (21 - 28) 66 (52 - 84)
Idaho 122 (105 - 140) 36 (31 - 41) 85 (70 - 103)
Illinois 1,026 (932 - 1,129) 241 (221 - 263) 785 (695 - 885)
Indiana 572 (492 - 662) 141 (122 - 162) 431 (356 - 519)
Iowa 263 (225 - 307) 62 (53 - 72) 202 (165 - 245)
Kansas 273 (234 - 317) 65 (56 - 75) 208 (172 - 251)
Kentucky 455 (393 - 525) 89 (77 - 102) 366 (307 - 435)
Louisiana 398 (342 - 461) 105 (90 - 121) 293 (241 - 355)
Maine 121 (104 - 141) 29 (26 - 34) 92 (75 - 111)
Maryland 426 (359 - 503) 105 (91 - 121) 321 (258 - 398)
Massachusetts 531 (457 - 615) 152 (133 - 173) 379 (311 - 461)
Michigan 829 (755 - 911) 227 (210 - 245) 602 (531 - 682)
Minnesota 437 (375 - 505) 117 (101 - 135) 319 (263 - 386)
Mississippi 253 (218 - 292) 68 (59 - 78) 185 (152 - 223)
Missouri 603 (521 - 696) 139 (121 - 160) 464 (386 - 554)
Montana 88 (75 - 103) 22 (19 - 25) 67 (55 - 81)
Nebraska 145 (124 - 169) 39 (34 - 45) 106 (86 - 129)
Nevada 208 (177 - 244) 48 (41 - 56) 160 (130 - 195)
New Hampshire 114 (98 - 132) 30 (26 - 34) 84 (69 - 102)
New Jersey 664 (561 - 784) 164 (142 - 190) 499 (403 - 617)
New Mexico 178 (152 - 207) 43 (37 - 49) 135 (111 - 164)
New York 1,651 (1,499 - 1,819) 395 (363 - 429) 1,256 (1,109 - 1,421)
North Carolina 749 (633 - 882) 173 (149 - 200) 576 (467 - 707)
North Dakota 57 (49 - 66) 17 (15 - 20) 40 (32 - 48)
Ohio 1,091 (1,001 - 1,188) 286 (265 - 307) 805 (720 - 900)
Oklahoma 343 (298 - 395) 95 (83 - 108) 248 (206 - 298)
Oregon 336 (288 - 390) 88 (76 - 101) 248 (203 - 301)
Pennsylvania 1,051 (954 - 1,157) 244 (224 - 265) 807 (714 - 912)
Rhode Island 116 (99 - 135) 26 (23 - 31) 90 (74 - 108)
South Carolina 401 (347 - 462) 89 (76 - 103) 312 (261 - 371)
South Dakota 63 (54 - 74) 17 (15 - 20) 46 (37 - 57)
Tennessee 552 (471 - 644) 129 (111 - 148) 424 (348 - 514)
Texas 1,818 (1,659 - 1,989) 459 (422 - 498) 1,359 (1,207 - 1,527)
Utah 242 (211 - 277) 81 (71 - 93) 161 (133 - 194)
Vermont 56 (47 - 65) 16 (14 - 18) 40 (32 - 49)
Virginia 587 (501 - 687) 161 (140 - 185) 426 (345 - 523)
Washington 586 (504 - 678) 158 (136 - 181) 428 (353 - 518)
West Virginia 215 (185 - 249) 42 (37 - 48) 173 (145 - 206)
Wisconsin 488 (420 - 564) 119 (102 - 137) 369 (306 - 445)
Wyoming 51 (44 - 59) 13 (12 - 15) 38 (31 - 45)

61103

Table 24. Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 16,564   2,244   3,212   13,352  
Alabama 249 (196 - 317) 34 (28 - 41) 48 (38 - 61) 201 (150 - 267)
Alaska 32 (25 - 41) 6 (5 - 8) 8 (6 - 10) 24 (18 - 33)
Arizona 309 (247 - 386) 48 (39 - 59) 63 (49 - 79) 247 (187 - 323)
Arkansas 171 (135 - 216) 20 (17 - 25) 30 (24 - 38) 141 (106 - 186)
California 1,776 (1,532 - 2,055) 290 (257 - 327) 366 (316 - 424) 1,410 (1,174 - 1,689)
Colorado 318 (255 - 393) 38 (31 - 47) 58 (47 - 72) 260 (200 - 335)
Connecticut 239 (187 - 304) 30 (25 - 36) 40 (32 - 51) 199 (149 - 263)
Delaware 47 (38 - 59) 6 (5 - 7) 9 (7 - 11) 38 (29 - 50)
District of Columbia 39 (30 - 49) 3 (2 - 3) 7 (5 - 8) 32 (24 - 42)
Florida 925 (801 - 1,067) 125 (111 - 140) 150 (128 - 175) 774 (654 - 915)
Georgia 510 (402 - 643) 60 (48 - 74) 83 (65 - 106) 427 (323 - 561)
Hawaii 62 (47 - 82) 9 (7 - 11) 11 (8 - 14) 51 (37 - 71)
Idaho 86 (69 - 106) 13 (11 - 16) 22 (17 - 27) 64 (49 - 85)
Illinois 664 (576 - 764) 91 (80 - 103) 130 (113 - 150) 534 (449 - 633)
Indiana 406 (330 - 498) 48 (40 - 59) 72 (57 - 89) 335 (261 - 427)
Iowa 164 (130 - 206) 19 (16 - 24) 32 (25 - 41) 133 (101 - 174)
Kansas 164 (131 - 205) 19 (16 - 24) 34 (27 - 43) 131 (100 - 170)
Kentucky 264 (211 - 329) 32 (27 - 39) 42 (33 - 53) 222 (171 - 287)
Louisiana 229 (184 - 285) 29 (23 - 35) 54 (43 - 68) 175 (132 - 230)
Maine 92 (72 - 117) 11 (9 - 13) 18 (14 - 22) 74 (55 - 99)
Maryland 285 (223 - 363) 42 (34 - 51) 56 (44 - 70) 229 (170 - 307)
Massachusetts 377 (296 - 477) 46 (37 - 56) 84 (68 - 103) 293 (216 - 394)
Michigan 553 (482 - 633) 82 (73 - 92) 118 (103 - 134) 435 (367 - 514)
Minnesota 274 (220 - 339) 39 (32 - 47) 60 (48 - 76) 214 (163 - 278)
Mississippi 163 (130 - 203) 21 (17 - 26) 35 (27 - 44) 128 (97 - 168)
Missouri 369 (296 - 458) 43 (36 - 51) 64 (51 - 80) 305 (235 - 393)
Montana 66 (52 - 83) 7 (6 - 8) 13 (11 - 17) 52 (39 - 69)
Nebraska 102 (81 - 128) 14 (11 - 16) 21 (17 - 26) 81 (62 - 106)
Nevada 170 (133 - 216) 21 (17 - 25) 26 (21 - 33) 144 (108 - 190)
New Hampshire 71 (56 - 89) 11 (9 - 14) 16 (12 - 20) 55 (41 - 74)
New Jersey 439 (342 - 561) 61 (49 - 75) 78 (61 - 98) 361 (268 - 483)
New Mexico 117 (93 - 145) 16 (13 - 19) 23 (18 - 28) 94 (71 - 122)
New York 1,058 (907 - 1,233) 145 (129 - 164) 193 (167 - 223) 864 (719 - 1,037)
North Carolina 480 (377 - 608) 64 (53 - 78) 90 (71 - 114) 390 (292 - 517)
North Dakota 35 (28 - 44) 4 (4 - 5) 9 (7 - 12) 26 (20 - 34)
Ohio 767 (672 - 873) 84 (74 - 94) 142 (125 - 162) 624 (533 - 730)
Oklahoma 207 (165 - 257) 27 (22 - 32) 54 (43 - 67) 153 (114 - 203)
Oregon 260 (209 - 321) 28 (23 - 34) 50 (41 - 62) 209 (161 - 270)
Pennsylvania 685 (588 - 796) 93 (83 - 104) 123 (106 - 143) 562 (467 - 673)
Rhode Island 81 (63 - 103) 8 (7 - 10) 13 (10 - 17) 68 (51 - 90)
South Carolina 239 (191 - 299) 30 (25 - 36) 45 (35 - 57) 195 (148 - 254)
South Dakota 41 (33 - 52) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (7 - 11) 33 (25 - 44)
Tennessee 367 (293 - 456) 44 (36 - 53) 65 (52 - 81) 301 (231 - 391)
Texas 1,120 (967 - 1,295) 180 (160 - 202) 227 (195 - 264) 893 (747 - 1,066)
Utah 169 (137 - 207) 23 (19 - 28) 48 (38 - 60) 121 (92 - 157)
Vermont 39 (31 - 48) 4 (4 - 5) 8 (7 - 10) 30 (23 - 40)
Virginia 403 (318 - 509) 58 (47 - 71) 86 (69 - 106) 317 (236 - 424)
Washington 365 (290 - 458) 52 (43 - 63) 83 (66 - 102) 283 (212 - 375)
West Virginia 134 (107 - 165) 12 (10 - 14) 20 (16 - 25) 114 (89 - 145)
Wisconsin 348 (281 - 430) 44 (36 - 54) 70 (56 - 87) 278 (215 - 359)
Wyoming 36 (29 - 44) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 9) 28 (22 - 36)

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