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2005 State Estimates of Substance Use & Mental Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Appendix C:


Tables of Change between the 2003-2004 and the 2004-2005 Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance (Each table contains the prevalence estimate for each 2-year report and the p-value level of statistical significance of the difference between the two estimates.  Data are presented for the total population age 12 and older and by the age groups.)

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Table C.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 8.06   8.02 0.727 10.92 10.25 0.000 19.83   19.76 0.821 5.60   5.65 0.735
Northeast 8.61   8.66 0.846 11.49 10.83 0.062 24.22   23.82 0.502 5.73   5.93 0.482
Midwest 7.78   7.66 0.448 10.54   10.11 0.132 19.11   18.89 0.577 5.35   5.30 0.796
South 7.41   7.47 0.701 10.09   9.73 0.205 18.17   18.31 0.713 5.15   5.25 0.587
West 8.90   8.72 0.461 12.12 10.74 0.000 19.75   19.80 0.926 6.45   6.41 0.874
                         
Alabama 6.94   7.33 0.481 9.79   10.93 0.280 17.20   18.57 0.338 4.71   4.85 0.831
Alaska 11.79   12.16 0.668 14.60   12.98 0.220 25.15   23.47 0.310 8.77   9.80 0.338
Arizona 8.29   7.33 0.130 12.57   11.16 0.260 17.99 15.14 0.065 5.91   5.37 0.453
Arkansas 7.54   7.63 0.891 11.54   11.20 0.773 18.96   18.45 0.736 4.96   5.21 0.709
California 8.92   8.85 0.856 12.05 10.58 0.013 19.65   19.55 0.908 6.49   6.64 0.758
Colorado 10.18   9.94 0.734 13.47   11.98 0.180 23.38 26.89 0.052 7.41   6.68 0.402
Connecticut 8.54   9.02 0.478 11.69   11.21 0.661 26.43   26.54 0.948 5.45   6.06 0.458
Delaware 8.56   8.33 0.705 12.00   11.13 0.445 25.60   24.56 0.557 5.15   5.18 0.964
District of Columbia 9.56   9.51 0.948 9.67   10.51 0.451 21.85   22.04 0.915 7.20   7.17 0.969
Florida 7.77   8.30 0.165 10.27   10.50 0.694 20.08   21.34 0.128 5.64   6.08 0.349
Georgia 8.00   7.52 0.399 9.47   8.81 0.525 17.72   17.39 0.824 6.00   5.52 0.473
Hawaii 7.96   8.38 0.566 12.27   10.82 0.237 19.10   20.35 0.455 5.71   6.23 0.559
Idaho 6.94   6.98 0.937 10.24   9.30 0.356 14.31   16.32 0.131 4.91   4.72 0.769
Illinois 7.62   7.49 0.697 9.10   9.41 0.576 19.46   18.65 0.321 5.30   5.23 0.866
Indiana 7.41   7.37 0.948 10.26   9.97 0.753 18.36   18.52 0.916 4.99   4.98 0.982
Iowa 6.52   5.88 0.193 8.77   9.49 0.494 16.26   14.49 0.190 4.39   3.83 0.339
Kansas 6.66   7.19 0.372 10.39   9.92 0.604 16.00   16.69 0.634 4.29   4.96 0.331
Kentucky 8.63   8.39 0.685 12.27   11.30 0.378 19.76   18.21 0.300 6.24   6.35 0.879
Louisiana 7.66   8.18 0.385 10.08   8.99 0.266 18.38   18.90 0.728 5.13   5.90 0.283
Maine 9.31   9.45 0.841 14.09   14.44 0.772 25.35   25.76 0.801 6.25   6.30 0.946
Maryland 7.03   6.57 0.386 9.61   9.14 0.619 20.62 16.24 0.004 4.46   4.64 0.771
Massachusetts 10.16   9.37 0.222 13.21   12.34 0.433 29.45   29.03 0.816 6.68   5.82 0.260
Michigan 9.00   8.72 0.451 12.25 10.57 0.006 21.79   22.03 0.769 6.29   6.11 0.702
Minnesota 7.41   8.17 0.231 10.25   10.27 0.987 18.19   19.01 0.596 5.05   5.92 0.231
Mississippi 5.79 6.65 0.089 9.30   8.82 0.638 13.34   14.57 0.345 3.75 4.76 0.079
Missouri 8.13   7.66 0.445 10.99   10.92 0.946 18.87   18.28 0.683 5.81   5.32 0.489
Montana 9.70   9.79 0.906 13.51   12.73 0.541 22.27   23.07 0.600 6.90   6.98 0.928
Nebraska 6.86   6.47 0.449 10.10   9.58 0.632 16.83   17.03 0.885 4.45   3.98 0.421
Nevada 8.68   8.31 0.586 11.27   10.16 0.303 18.18   19.74 0.333 6.82   6.22 0.461
New Hampshire 9.87   8.88 0.149 12.58   10.98 0.168 27.43   26.45 0.594 6.71   5.78 0.237
New Jersey 6.86   7.21 0.540 10.35   9.64 0.470 21.34   20.45 0.577 4.28   4.91 0.333
New Mexico 11.25 8.87 0.002 16.22 13.00 0.014 23.90 20.04 0.011 8.08 6.12 0.036
New York 9.10   9.24 0.717 11.49   11.05 0.483 24.55   23.80 0.448 6.22   6.59 0.433
North Carolina 7.23   7.31 0.890 11.06   10.87 0.863 17.78   17.39 0.806 4.96   5.16 0.767
North Dakota 7.47 6.16 0.009 10.76 8.53 0.026 16.46 13.14 0.015 5.14   4.42 0.240
Ohio 7.88   7.82 0.880 10.72   10.26 0.431 19.76   19.48 0.736 5.42   5.47 0.909
Oklahoma 8.44   8.07 0.605 11.80   11.37 0.719 19.51   18.04 0.355 5.84   5.70 0.864
Oregon 9.47   9.63 0.841 12.60   12.18 0.731 23.12   23.96 0.626 6.73   6.86 0.884
Pennsylvania 7.80   7.91 0.759 10.70   9.77 0.101 21.20   21.25 0.945 5.22   5.47 0.565
Rhode Island 10.84   10.67 0.820 13.63   13.32 0.802 27.97   29.69 0.357 7.33   6.90 0.607
South Carolina 7.65   7.32 0.562 10.86   9.97 0.385 18.99   17.78 0.457 5.21   5.11 0.879
South Dakota 6.96   6.50 0.401 9.83   9.89 0.960 15.39   14.94 0.738 4.86   4.34 0.442
Tennessee 6.80 7.99 0.066 9.15   10.03 0.361 16.00 19.17 0.042 4.96   5.86 0.212
Texas 6.96   6.76 0.492 9.48   8.85 0.284 16.33   17.14 0.294 4.71   4.38 0.349
Utah 6.88   7.55 0.203 7.80   8.93 0.277 13.58   14.24 0.569 4.82   5.46 0.325
Vermont 10.44   10.66 0.754 13.98   13.37 0.602 28.33   29.58 0.477 6.90   7.08 0.827
Virginia 7.25   6.76 0.385 9.53   8.31 0.205 20.01   18.32 0.248 4.84   4.64 0.751
Washington 8.52   8.45 0.920 11.70 9.62 0.041 20.39   20.89 0.762 6.03   6.14 0.903
West Virginia 7.36   7.70 0.530 11.38   10.59 0.467 19.01 21.33 0.082 5.02   5.24 0.725
Wisconsin 7.77   7.48 0.573 11.57   10.55 0.303 19.16   19.18 0.985 5.19   4.97 0.709
Wyoming 7.87   7.62 0.685 10.03   10.05 0.983 18.65   18.15 0.732 5.50   5.28 0.764

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Table C.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 10.60   10.51 0.443 14.74 13.92 0.000 28.17   27.94 0.467 6.94   6.98 0.819
Northeast 11.54   11.62 0.759 15.42   14.88 0.163 33.48   32.93 0.355 7.51   7.75 0.432
Midwest 10.79 10.40 0.028 14.94 13.94 0.002 28.63 27.80 0.062 7.00   6.78 0.334
South 9.53   9.46 0.706 13.76 13.03 0.014 25.26   25.54 0.524 6.18   6.15 0.907
West 11.31   11.34 0.895 15.51 14.52 0.034 28.15   28.02 0.841 7.62   7.83 0.484
                         
Alabama 9.01   8.76 0.663 13.40   12.65 0.486 25.21   24.56 0.690 5.51   5.43 0.901
Alaska 15.83   16.03 0.829 18.44   16.64 0.215 36.09   34.74 0.445 11.56   12.25 0.550
Arizona 10.52   9.88 0.344 16.56   16.01 0.701 26.17   23.55 0.142 6.81   6.53 0.713
Arkansas 10.16   9.61 0.357 14.66   13.70 0.440 29.65 26.08 0.030 6.05   6.11 0.935
California 11.07   11.41 0.413 14.60   13.92 0.325 27.82   27.73 0.927 7.49   8.06 0.248
Colorado 13.32   12.38 0.234 18.27   16.56 0.210 31.16   32.60 0.457 9.51   8.26 0.188
Connecticut 12.50   13.66 0.166 18.53   18.55 0.993 39.37   37.76 0.399 7.70   9.34 0.102
Delaware 10.78   10.78 0.992 15.10   14.23 0.508 31.65   30.87 0.657 6.59   6.87 0.716
District of Columbia 13.81   14.77 0.286 13.28   14.37 0.411 30.87   33.85 0.158 10.59   11.39 0.451
Florida 10.57   10.08 0.211 14.26   14.48 0.723 29.07   29.41 0.727 7.39   6.64 0.115
Georgia 9.76   9.61 0.793 13.29   12.12 0.296 22.97   25.19 0.196 6.82   6.39 0.522
Hawaii 10.80   10.99 0.809 16.99 14.41 0.065 29.39   28.99 0.831 7.19   7.80 0.526
Idaho 9.18   9.44 0.668 14.21   12.81 0.217 23.19   25.44 0.173 5.50   5.65 0.838
Illinois 10.47   9.99 0.182 13.76   13.36 0.553 28.04   27.11 0.321 6.88   6.47 0.348
Indiana 10.35   9.60 0.221 13.55   13.21 0.761 28.64   27.60 0.532 6.52   5.81 0.316
Iowa 9.35 8.00 0.012 12.15   10.85 0.220 27.06 22.64 0.005 5.65   4.93 0.256
Kansas 9.17   10.15 0.118 13.84   14.15 0.776 23.96   25.54 0.334 5.60   6.59 0.171
Kentucky 10.60   9.81 0.206 16.08 13.01 0.011 24.57   24.20 0.817 7.48   6.96 0.469
Louisiana 8.93   9.31 0.525 12.36   11.39 0.371 23.58   24.54 0.564 5.45   5.93 0.495
Maine 12.45   12.61 0.812 18.32   18.37 0.970 36.86   36.75 0.949 7.96   8.15 0.824
Maryland 10.35   10.16 0.772 15.06   14.49 0.634 29.86   28.36 0.440 6.52   6.59 0.931
Massachusetts 14.19 12.53 0.026 17.99   16.67 0.302 38.10   37.79 0.866 9.87 7.93 0.033
Michigan 12.61   11.98 0.153 16.17 14.44 0.014 32.08   32.41 0.717 8.68   8.04 0.234
Minnesota 11.16   11.59 0.564 16.42   15.16 0.310 28.71   28.13 0.738 7.24   8.09 0.345
Mississippi 7.83   8.26 0.432 10.28   10.97 0.511 20.18   20.43 0.871 4.97   5.44 0.451
Missouri 11.93 10.60 0.047 16.74   14.97 0.153 29.97 27.00 0.072 8.04   7.07 0.225
Montana 12.80   13.54 0.312 19.84   18.34 0.283 33.70   35.37 0.318 8.05   8.94 0.336
Nebraska 9.61   9.05 0.366 13.61 11.57 0.075 24.22   23.08 0.483 6.18   5.96 0.761
Nevada 10.56   10.43 0.850 17.11 14.71 0.088 25.68   27.57 0.271 7.27   7.10 0.835
New Hampshire 14.60 12.59 0.021 18.18 14.60 0.008 39.78 36.20 0.060 10.11   8.54 0.139
New Jersey 8.73   9.33 0.321 13.24   12.55 0.545 28.96   28.44 0.769 5.17   6.05 0.204
New Mexico 13.25 11.04 0.002 19.88 17.21 0.061 33.51 28.00 0.001 8.39 6.89 0.087
New York 11.80   11.98 0.665 14.95   14.65 0.661 33.10   32.34 0.460 7.86   8.26 0.425
North Carolina 9.45   9.98 0.437 14.54   13.48 0.381 25.53   27.17 0.353 6.08   6.65 0.462
North Dakota 10.12 8.53 0.004 16.11 12.32 0.001 28.93 23.60 0.002 5.36   4.94 0.495
Ohio 10.12   10.12 0.994 14.33   13.76 0.401 27.81   27.31 0.565 6.47   6.65 0.688
Oklahoma 9.84   8.95 0.147 16.14   14.66 0.262 25.86   23.11 0.103 5.88   5.45 0.540
Oregon 13.18   13.64 0.553 18.19   18.47 0.850 34.16   35.02 0.650 8.94   9.39 0.634
Pennsylvania 10.54   10.96 0.306 14.39   14.11 0.651 30.76   30.93 0.856 6.71   7.27 0.261
Rhode Island 14.85   14.67 0.826 18.68   19.51 0.585 41.05   42.09 0.610 9.55   9.10 0.654
South Carolina 9.97   9.45 0.395 13.91   13.12 0.464 25.71   24.07 0.332 6.65   6.36 0.681
South Dakota 9.51   8.67 0.136 15.63 13.49 0.099 25.02   22.85 0.178 5.52   5.17 0.579
Tennessee 8.42 10.26 0.004 12.77   13.58 0.455 21.77 25.87 0.018 5.62 7.22 0.031
Texas 8.49   8.56 0.825 13.33 12.20 0.081 21.69   22.27 0.483 5.11   5.28 0.659
Utah 7.97   8.61 0.181 10.48   11.06 0.574 18.78   19.64 0.532 4.45   5.13 0.263
Vermont 14.90   14.43 0.562 19.80 17.24 0.061 43.33   40.55 0.148 9.37   9.60 0.817
Virginia 9.78   9.13 0.280 12.81   12.21 0.616 30.54   28.19 0.192 5.96   5.56 0.559
Washington 11.62   11.38 0.760 15.73 13.16 0.055 29.54   29.87 0.857 7.97   7.94 0.979
West Virginia 9.60   9.61 0.977 15.23   13.64 0.213 28.87   29.91 0.535 5.85   5.98 0.842
Wisconsin 10.76   10.88 0.844 17.08   15.85 0.318 29.26   29.91 0.700 6.54   6.80 0.721
Wyoming 10.59   10.41 0.774 14.47   15.04 0.641 28.87   26.31 0.153 6.55   6.75 0.788

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Table C.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 6.11   6.04 0.421 7.73 7.20 0.001 16.58   16.36 0.429 4.05   4.07 0.885
Northeast 6.96   6.81 0.424 8.48   8.06 0.185 21.03   20.51 0.319 4.50   4.44 0.777
Midwest 6.01   5.82 0.155 7.74 7.09 0.005 16.25   15.80 0.215 3.92   3.85 0.686
South 5.37   5.36 0.953 6.79   6.50 0.183 14.66   14.63 0.944 3.54   3.58 0.802
West 6.67   6.67 0.982 8.57 7.68 0.007 16.46   16.45 0.989 4.60   4.74 0.547
                         
Alabama 4.71   4.90 0.618 6.43   6.72 0.709 13.79   13.95 0.885 2.85   3.05 0.649
Alaska 9.88   10.12 0.742 12.02 9.71 0.038 23.01   21.36 0.286 7.03   7.99 0.298
Arizona 5.90   5.33 0.206 8.33   8.20 0.897 14.93   13.15 0.184 3.91   3.51 0.425
Arkansas 5.80   5.52 0.508 8.44   7.83 0.500 16.07   14.40 0.200 3.60   3.62 0.974
California 6.71   6.70 0.994 8.52 7.50 0.039 16.23   16.19 0.955 4.70   4.85 0.643
Colorado 7.33   7.53 0.729 9.83   9.24 0.531 18.91   20.97 0.193 4.95   4.94 0.983
Connecticut 7.06   7.59 0.367 8.66   8.88 0.818 24.09   23.74 0.840 4.31   4.95 0.327
Delaware 6.26   6.19 0.878 7.47   7.24 0.799 20.97   20.20 0.624 3.54   3.63 0.853
District of Columbia 7.41   7.27 0.823 5.88   6.87 0.225 19.93   18.75 0.511 5.15   5.25 0.894
Florida 5.88   5.90 0.942 7.29   7.29 0.989 16.52 17.97 0.061 4.13   3.92 0.553
Georgia 5.47   5.63 0.706 6.34   6.07 0.686 13.17   14.54 0.265 3.93   3.94 0.995
Hawaii 6.52   6.16 0.498 9.71 7.61 0.031 16.62   16.67 0.972 4.58   4.36 0.732
Idaho 4.83   5.05 0.586 7.29   6.24 0.186 11.26   12.80 0.207 3.13   3.29 0.728
Illinois 5.74   5.59 0.541 6.34   6.35 0.982 16.64   15.94 0.362 3.72   3.63 0.786
Indiana 5.59   5.12 0.246 7.61   6.54 0.143 14.70   14.37 0.791 3.63   3.24 0.397
Iowa 4.70   4.24 0.209 6.38   5.98 0.614 13.09   11.68 0.233 2.90   2.64 0.524
Kansas 5.02   5.27 0.558 7.63   6.79 0.258 13.60   13.88 0.827 2.97   3.38 0.383
Kentucky 6.44   6.11 0.477 8.75   7.73 0.235 15.47   14.68 0.516 4.58   4.45 0.804
Louisiana 5.25   5.54 0.439 6.45   5.75 0.307 14.91   14.74 0.898 3.12   3.65 0.230
Maine 8.27   8.55 0.640 11.69   12.27 0.608 24.00   24.59 0.703 5.42   5.60 0.812
Maryland 5.54   5.10 0.307 7.42   6.88 0.499 18.05 13.86 0.004 3.24   3.42 0.720
Massachusetts 8.70 7.57 0.044 10.28   9.49 0.469 26.13   24.88 0.464 5.70 4.53 0.073
Michigan 7.23 6.71 0.086 8.77 7.49 0.012 18.99   18.57 0.589 4.95   4.51 0.242
Minnesota 6.10   6.96 0.128 8.08   7.82 0.779 16.17   16.74 0.678 3.99   5.06 0.111
Mississippi 4.23   4.79 0.154 5.61   5.79 0.798 10.95   11.55 0.593 2.67   3.30 0.155
Missouri 6.38 5.54 0.080 8.17   7.53 0.441 16.47   14.90 0.217 4.33   3.60 0.196
Montana 7.95   8.17 0.719 10.00   9.50 0.632 20.16   21.05 0.513 5.45   5.65 0.798
Nebraska 5.31   5.02 0.493 7.39 5.88 0.078 14.39   14.73 0.790 3.24   3.02 0.626
Nevada 6.16   6.10 0.881 7.82   6.98 0.336 15.24   16.06 0.561 4.49   4.38 0.826
New Hampshire 8.68 7.60 0.074 10.31   8.59 0.104 24.14   23.59 0.749 6.01   4.90 0.126
New Jersey 5.01   5.12 0.786 6.95   6.47 0.529 17.61   16.03 0.289 2.90   3.32 0.389
New Mexico 8.65 6.64 0.000 11.91 9.11 0.010 21.10 17.71 0.019 5.79 4.16 0.019
New York 7.43   7.27 0.597 8.46   8.40 0.910 21.46   20.90 0.510 4.97   4.85 0.761
North Carolina 5.62   5.65 0.940 7.39   7.82 0.631 15.33   15.02 0.819 3.75   3.80 0.930
North Dakota 5.62 4.71 0.016 7.49 5.82 0.019 14.72 11.27 0.002 3.45   3.21 0.584
Ohio 6.11   6.00 0.698 8.21   7.43 0.110 16.62   16.00 0.386 3.99   4.07 0.821
Oklahoma 5.60   5.18 0.360 7.76   7.10 0.471 15.70   13.62 0.130 3.36   3.29 0.895
Oregon 8.03   8.36 0.601 9.74   9.30 0.634 21.07   20.92 0.921 5.58   6.11 0.493
Pennsylvania 6.02   6.11 0.754 7.75 6.88 0.058 17.74   18.02 0.706 3.87   4.04 0.594
Rhode Island 9.14   8.92 0.717 10.97   10.82 0.902 25.42   26.46 0.544 5.92   5.51 0.580
South Carolina 5.74   5.46 0.536 6.73   6.43 0.705 15.53   14.44 0.458 3.88   3.74 0.779
South Dakota 4.89   4.98 0.809 6.90   6.79 0.904 12.93   13.40 0.685 2.99   3.06 0.888
Tennessee 5.03 5.85 0.093 6.14   5.98 0.821 12.81   14.93 0.123 3.58   4.31 0.185
Texas 4.69   4.65 0.862 5.97   5.76 0.662 12.61   12.73 0.861 2.92   2.87 0.880
Utah 4.21 4.80 0.066 4.74   5.69 0.192 9.61   9.90 0.764 2.59   3.24 0.101
Vermont 8.99   9.04 0.934 11.11   10.54 0.610 26.35   26.67 0.848 5.73   5.84 0.888
Virginia 5.39   4.89 0.211 6.76 5.31 0.058 16.13   14.47 0.212 3.44   3.25 0.671
Washington 6.36   7.01 0.272 7.98   6.83 0.194 17.28   18.11 0.585 4.25   5.12 0.208
West Virginia 5.61   5.83 0.627 7.77   7.00 0.370 15.67   17.43 0.144 3.74   3.88 0.788
Wisconsin 5.75   6.01 0.567 8.36   8.13 0.792 15.89   16.45 0.691 3.55   3.85 0.559
Wyoming 5.70   5.66 0.926 6.87   6.88 0.985 16.37   15.33 0.447 3.50   3.65 0.780

61025

Table C.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 39.74 39.04 0.006 34.92   34.45 0.113 25.20   25.03 0.637 42.96 42.13 0.009
Northeast 37.17   36.57 0.244 31.51   31.28 0.684 21.49   20.99 0.338 40.43   39.77 0.322
Midwest 38.07 37.33 0.064 34.27   34.20 0.885 23.37   23.06 0.506 41.26 40.32 0.066
South 43.66 43.00 0.074 37.81 37.06 0.090 28.22   28.00 0.648 47.18   46.44 0.120
West 37.38 36.54 0.073 33.79   33.17 0.301 25.21   25.43 0.723 40.13 39.06 0.078
                         
Alabama 51.08   49.93 0.456 40.79   39.62 0.539 32.60   35.06 0.153 55.77   53.94 0.361
Alaska 28.18   27.25 0.492 27.01   28.77 0.365 20.02   18.63 0.299 29.93   28.67 0.492
Arizona 40.19   39.63 0.744 35.12   33.17 0.315 28.21   26.18 0.216 43.09   42.99 0.964
Arkansas 45.34   45.03 0.841 37.95   35.80 0.244 27.58   27.23 0.829 49.53   49.46 0.970
California 39.64   38.46 0.131 34.28   33.67 0.523 26.52   27.55 0.287 42.84 41.18 0.098
Colorado 31.15   32.09 0.466 30.97   29.93 0.559 20.96   20.16 0.588 32.97   34.49 0.361
Connecticut 33.84   33.78 0.971 27.86   29.41 0.366 20.70   21.47 0.554 36.59   36.24 0.862
Delaware 40.00   40.09 0.953 33.59   35.46 0.317 22.30   23.32 0.491 43.90   43.57 0.858
District of Columbia 33.57   33.11 0.764 29.24   28.53 0.740 19.59   19.54 0.976 36.63   35.98 0.725
Florida 42.88   42.92 0.957 36.56   35.58 0.316 26.58   27.36 0.405 46.05   46.14 0.930
Georgia 44.14   43.13 0.490 38.94   38.88 0.975 31.13   31.79 0.724 47.28   45.83 0.430
Hawaii 38.82   37.25 0.347 32.02   33.14 0.520 28.83   29.44 0.734 41.21   38.97 0.293
Idaho 38.96   38.00 0.484 36.60   37.71 0.532 26.30   27.01 0.659 41.95   40.30 0.352
Illinois 38.18   38.61 0.584 34.52   34.71 0.843 24.74   25.04 0.728 41.08   41.57 0.631
Indiana 41.23   39.60 0.262 36.31   34.56 0.324 24.06   24.40 0.828 45.09   43.09 0.275
Iowa 41.44   39.17 0.132 40.60 36.86 0.055 25.08   24.51 0.730 44.63   42.17 0.196
Kansas 43.51 39.83 0.012 41.37 36.93 0.013 25.68   23.94 0.232 47.32 43.33 0.036
Kentucky 41.40   42.34 0.538 39.21   38.05 0.498 27.77   30.16 0.174 44.04   44.96 0.632
Louisiana 45.66 42.44 0.032 37.04   38.04 0.573 28.15   27.23 0.579 50.49 46.18 0.028
Maine 33.88   31.97 0.173 26.70   25.49 0.461 17.02   15.16 0.119 37.37   35.38 0.257
Maryland 39.69   39.02 0.647 35.58   35.22 0.851 25.91   25.35 0.726 42.50   41.78 0.693
Massachusetts 31.22   31.28 0.965 27.81   27.05 0.644 18.40   18.35 0.969 33.71   33.90 0.910
Michigan 37.03   36.57 0.563 32.10   33.05 0.336 21.68   22.61 0.278 40.43   39.52 0.370
Minnesota 32.41   30.90 0.279 31.67   30.77 0.593 20.92   19.83 0.434 34.61   32.94 0.357
Mississippi 51.33   51.19 0.921 44.15   46.80 0.152 36.36   37.13 0.653 55.42   54.62 0.664
Missouri 38.25 40.82 0.078 34.20 37.21 0.097 23.28   24.71 0.354 41.49   44.20 0.142
Montana 39.04 35.99 0.035 32.59   33.45 0.610 20.80 18.31 0.050 43.23 39.54 0.051
Nebraska 39.86   39.20 0.681 31.80   33.57 0.320 27.04   26.23 0.625 43.50   42.50 0.624
Nevada 38.04   35.76 0.118 35.88 31.96 0.029 25.68   23.82 0.249 40.30   38.18 0.249
New Hampshire 28.20   27.11 0.375 25.84   28.48 0.119 14.99   14.80 0.874 30.63   28.89 0.284
New Jersey 41.06 38.13 0.065 35.14 30.73 0.014 22.67   21.68 0.514 44.53   41.57 0.135
New Mexico 38.92   38.63 0.839 28.47   27.76 0.678 23.94   25.31 0.404 43.37   42.78 0.758
New York 36.93   37.61 0.453 30.32   31.52 0.217 22.99   22.65 0.711 40.09   40.88 0.500
North Carolina 42.07   41.51 0.720 35.48   34.46 0.573 27.80   28.03 0.889 45.34   44.70 0.748
North Dakota 40.42   39.26 0.427 36.56   37.29 0.684 24.64   22.11 0.109 44.26   43.04 0.525
Ohio 39.03 37.54 0.067 34.72   35.47 0.434 23.38   22.06 0.128 42.33 40.51 0.080
Oklahoma 44.25   41.95 0.146 38.04   37.81 0.904 27.76   28.19 0.802 48.29   45.16 0.122
Oregon 33.23 30.08 0.023 32.38   30.96 0.439 20.60   19.66 0.530 35.50 31.74 0.032
Pennsylvania 40.97 39.48 0.082 35.11   35.00 0.905 21.88   21.02 0.271 44.86   43.09 0.104
Rhode Island 34.13   35.41 0.407 29.94   32.34 0.192 19.35   18.79 0.694 37.37   38.80 0.469
South Carolina 44.06   42.57 0.319 38.38   36.06 0.184 26.10   26.61 0.762 48.01   46.28 0.355
South Dakota 38.80   40.96 0.143 37.39   36.60 0.671 24.11   26.59 0.131 41.94   44.42 0.189
Tennessee 40.29   39.69 0.689 36.47   34.97 0.405 25.26   24.05 0.459 43.30   42.90 0.833
Texas 45.02   44.29 0.374 38.77   38.19 0.555 30.07 27.72 0.011 48.97   48.52 0.675
Utah 43.54   42.75 0.527 44.40   44.17 0.907 32.52   35.24 0.110 46.51   44.59 0.289
Vermont 27.75   27.85 0.942 26.96   26.21 0.609 15.38   14.48 0.440 29.98   30.34 0.839
Virginia 40.10   40.47 0.806 37.67   35.46 0.223 23.65   24.13 0.746 43.14   43.84 0.707
Washington 26.15   27.89 0.140 29.43   30.32 0.618 17.73   16.46 0.326 27.16   29.55 0.118
West Virginia 47.39   44.78 0.102 35.20   35.45 0.893 27.28   25.65 0.304 52.02   48.82 0.108
Wisconsin 33.95   31.73 0.102 30.27   28.97 0.478 21.22 18.59 0.076 36.76   34.46 0.184
Wyoming 38.70   36.90 0.235 35.68   35.92 0.898 20.26   19.53 0.612 42.65   40.35 0.237

61025

Table C.5 Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2) ] ÷ 2}, where
X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 1.76 1.68 0.039 6.25 5.80 0.000 6.63 6.16 0.003 0.13   0.18 0.149
Northeast 1.79   1.72 0.185 6.61 6.04 0.004 7.51 6.89 0.038 0.13   0.18 0.127
Midwest 1.87   1.80 0.115 6.34 5.94 0.009 7.26 6.72 0.014 0.14   0.19 0.172
South 1.61   1.54 0.105 5.87 5.43 0.002 5.92   5.67 0.223 0.13   0.17 0.267
West 1.87   1.78 0.142 6.44 6.06 0.092 6.53 5.90 0.033 0.13   0.19 0.106
                         
Alabama 1.51   1.36 0.119 5.71   5.14 0.269 5.84   5.11 0.239 0.13   0.15 0.578
Alaska 2.64   2.57 0.714 7.79   7.15 0.334 7.63   7.12 0.566 0.14 0.25 0.080
Arizona 1.69   1.75 0.634 6.63   6.89 0.696 5.64   5.54 0.890 0.13   0.19 0.231
Arkansas 1.57 1.37 0.046 5.75   5.51 0.649 6.38 4.69 0.007 0.13   0.16 0.463
California 1.83   1.71 0.166 6.10   5.75 0.286 6.67 5.79 0.042 0.11   0.16 0.181
Colorado 2.38 2.09 0.072 7.92   7.47 0.496 7.95 6.56 0.098 0.17   0.24 0.299
Connecticut 2.15   2.20 0.733 8.53   7.99 0.372 8.07   7.65 0.623 0.13   0.21 0.196
Delaware 1.73   1.89 0.261 6.59   6.83 0.709 7.33   8.02 0.464 0.12   0.18 0.201
District of Columbia 1.76   1.86 0.523 5.91   6.11 0.725 7.00   7.31 0.718 0.15   0.21 0.336
Florida 1.44   1.44 0.956 5.93   6.00 0.828 5.94   5.68 0.526 0.12   0.14 0.583
Georgia 1.68   1.66 0.861 5.61   5.03 0.233 5.06   5.92 0.171 0.15   0.19 0.435
Hawaii 1.80   1.68 0.491 7.45 6.25 0.096 7.69   6.65 0.356 0.06 0.19 0.042
Idaho 2.06   1.91 0.290 6.54 5.55 0.077 5.83   6.14 0.653 0.18   0.24 0.326
Illinois 1.74   1.77 0.681 6.16   5.94 0.482 6.53   6.59 0.890 0.12   0.18 0.179
Indiana 1.80   1.78 0.834 5.76   6.14 0.467 7.33 5.90 0.044 0.16   0.20 0.447
Iowa 1.67   1.48 0.113 5.26   4.87 0.445 7.52 6.14 0.075 0.13   0.18 0.322
Kansas 1.84   1.85 0.956 6.04   5.70 0.486 7.71   6.78 0.219 0.14   0.22 0.117
Kentucky 1.75 1.55 0.065 7.31 5.91 0.008 5.39   5.32 0.902 0.16   0.19 0.531
Louisiana 1.72   1.69 0.800 5.86   5.23 0.203 6.28   6.12 0.809 0.13   0.17 0.393
Maine 1.94   2.04 0.489 7.21   7.48 0.675 8.95   8.97 0.989 0.15   0.21 0.331
Maryland 1.78   1.82 0.781 6.37   6.12 0.650 6.55   6.53 0.973 0.12   0.17 0.262
Massachusetts 1.97   1.92 0.716 7.28   6.32 0.119 7.92   7.97 0.952 0.16   0.23 0.219
Michigan 2.03   1.98 0.580 6.69   6.22 0.108 7.42   7.57 0.753 0.15   0.20 0.275
Minnesota 1.93   1.91 0.842 6.44   6.05 0.441 7.08   6.69 0.594 0.15   0.22 0.206
Mississippi 1.47   1.44 0.802 4.39   4.74 0.435 5.76   5.30 0.444 0.12   0.14 0.722
Missouri 2.03 1.75 0.023 6.90 5.90 0.062 7.62   6.70 0.186 0.17   0.20 0.590
Montana 2.33   2.17 0.279 8.63   7.69 0.131 8.93   8.31 0.485 0.15   0.21 0.321
Nebraska 1.74   1.59 0.209 6.17 5.00 0.045 6.25   6.12 0.855 0.14   0.19 0.410
Nevada 1.69   1.61 0.537 6.83   6.33 0.409 5.32   4.58 0.227 0.14   0.20 0.234
New Hampshire 2.34   2.14 0.229 7.45 5.90 0.017 9.98   10.09 0.923 0.15   0.22 0.263
New Jersey 1.52   1.52 0.992 6.10   5.26 0.114 5.98   6.23 0.707 0.11   0.16 0.240
New Mexico 2.18   1.99 0.295 8.76   7.83 0.242 7.32   6.16 0.238 0.12   0.17 0.458
New York 1.77   1.64 0.112 6.28 5.73 0.100 7.65 6.53 0.031 0.12   0.18 0.161
North Carolina 1.65   1.51 0.193 6.41 5.31 0.039 6.20   5.65 0.397 0.13   0.19 0.214
North Dakota 1.92 1.61 0.010 6.75 5.35 0.008 8.18 6.70 0.066 0.12   0.17 0.343
Ohio 1.84 1.67 0.028 6.25 5.67 0.078 7.44 6.51 0.031 0.14   0.18 0.314
Oklahoma 1.68   1.57 0.384 5.91   5.76 0.811 6.24   5.35 0.221 0.13   0.18 0.325
Oregon 1.85   2.06 0.113 6.95   7.42 0.468 6.44   6.75 0.687 0.17 0.27 0.099
Pennsylvania 1.72   1.63 0.261 6.33   6.10 0.453 7.52 6.58 0.047 0.13   0.17 0.287
Rhode Island 2.11   2.06 0.767 7.38   7.63 0.709 8.44   7.69 0.429 0.16   0.21 0.340
South Carolina 1.85   1.68 0.147 6.23   6.07 0.756 8.17 6.23 0.024 0.13   0.16 0.418
South Dakota 2.04 1.74 0.023 7.24 5.90 0.031 7.82 6.50 0.092 0.13   0.18 0.332
Tennessee 1.40 1.58 0.082 5.36   6.02 0.174 5.18   5.97 0.263 0.14   0.19 0.321
Texas 1.62   1.52 0.172 5.77 4.92 0.007 5.07   5.11 0.931 0.13   0.17 0.334
Utah 1.57   1.65 0.616 4.16   4.29 0.816 4.23   4.33 0.872 0.19   0.24 0.469
Vermont 2.49   2.30 0.306 8.82 7.32 0.026 10.47   9.57 0.454 0.15   0.23 0.245
Virginia 1.75   1.59 0.184 5.30   5.09 0.679 8.50 6.65 0.023 0.13   0.17 0.329
Washington 1.86   1.73 0.316 6.47 5.30 0.032 6.82   6.88 0.938 0.14   0.21 0.211
West Virginia 1.55 1.38 0.085 7.02 5.49 0.014 6.91   7.01 0.891 0.13   0.16 0.478
Wisconsin 2.02   2.06 0.736 6.98   6.80 0.740 7.91   7.72 0.818 0.14   0.21 0.147
Wyoming 2.11   2.12 0.970 6.97   6.93 0.955 7.61   7.21 0.615 0.16   0.21 0.292

61025

Table C.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 3.58   3.56 0.834 5.47 5.10 0.011 8.27   8.46 0.284 2.49   2.49 0.965
Northeast 3.30   3.47 0.202 5.32   5.01 0.178 8.79   9.17 0.260 2.16   2.35 0.229
Midwest 3.40   3.38 0.871 5.25   5.09 0.408 8.05   7.90 0.564 2.30   2.33 0.806
South 3.65   3.67 0.875 5.42   5.09 0.112 8.29   8.68 0.143 2.59   2.59 0.987
West 3.87   3.63 0.147 5.86 5.21 0.017 8.05   8.12 0.842 2.81   2.59 0.233
                         
Alabama 3.63   3.96 0.411 5.31   5.84 0.490 8.40   9.87 0.148 2.55   2.66 0.823
Alaska 3.96   4.22 0.543 5.53   5.72 0.810 7.83   8.30 0.627 2.95   3.15 0.692
Arizona 4.01   3.46 0.176 6.56 5.09 0.056 7.65   6.61 0.286 2.98   2.65 0.484
Arkansas 3.80   4.22 0.296 6.60   6.36 0.768 9.18 11.17 0.076 2.46   2.69 0.631
California 3.74   3.50 0.310 5.97 5.27 0.099 7.73   7.60 0.827 2.68   2.48 0.478
Colorado 4.65   4.46 0.696 5.65   5.24 0.560 9.58   11.49 0.131 3.65   3.12 0.365
Connecticut 3.21   3.79 0.143 5.12   5.09 0.962 8.68 11.36 0.017 2.15   2.46 0.469
Delaware 3.94   3.82 0.749 5.61   5.30 0.678 10.52   10.13 0.744 2.58   2.55 0.934
District of Columbia 3.35   3.67 0.485 3.84   4.15 0.617 5.54 7.19 0.091 2.88   2.99 0.846
Florida 3.51   3.94 0.124 5.10   5.26 0.695 8.27   9.11 0.131 2.61   3.01 0.240
Georgia 3.91 3.18 0.078 4.90   4.37 0.437 7.99 6.43 0.092 3.02   2.41 0.197
Hawaii 2.81   3.19 0.394 5.72   5.52 0.812 6.48   7.21 0.523 1.88   2.28 0.440
Idaho 3.44   3.46 0.967 5.04   4.77 0.708 6.87   7.61 0.451 2.48   2.40 0.868
Illinois 3.26   3.12 0.509 4.53   4.51 0.959 7.37   6.54 0.126 2.35   2.32 0.904
Indiana 3.53   3.90 0.292 5.30   5.60 0.652 8.56   9.82 0.219 2.35   2.58 0.565
Iowa 3.15   2.94 0.542 4.47   5.25 0.289 7.29   6.65 0.501 2.19   1.96 0.548
Kansas 3.10   3.57 0.271 5.23   4.82 0.474 6.91   7.49 0.550 2.05   2.64 0.240
Kentucky 4.06   3.99 0.854 6.56   6.34 0.784 9.78   8.46 0.206 2.76   2.94 0.667
Louisiana 3.90   4.03 0.753 5.71   5.07 0.379 8.08   8.83 0.457 2.78   2.90 0.809
Maine 3.59   3.21 0.250 5.54   5.29 0.728 10.37   9.25 0.270 2.31   2.02 0.437
Maryland 3.14   3.03 0.762 4.36   4.39 0.957 8.25   6.67 0.116 2.15   2.25 0.798
Massachusetts 3.57   3.95 0.300 5.72   5.57 0.807 10.65   11.67 0.410 2.17   2.50 0.417
Michigan 3.43   3.72 0.207 6.28 5.50 0.089 8.08 9.17 0.051 2.21   2.50 0.264
Minnesota 3.21   3.10 0.735 4.65   4.67 0.978 7.49   7.67 0.862 2.24   2.05 0.628
Mississippi 3.14   3.19 0.871 5.61   4.70 0.210 6.60   7.01 0.646 2.07   2.22 0.705
Missouri 3.75   3.66 0.802 5.60   5.65 0.946 9.31   8.58 0.451 2.50   2.50 0.988
Montana 3.68   3.70 0.942 6.24   5.78 0.559 7.91   8.25 0.686 2.56   2.60 0.918
Nebraska 3.03   3.02 0.982 5.12   5.77 0.355 7.00   6.68 0.714 1.95   1.93 0.948
Nevada 4.03   3.91 0.801 5.00   4.77 0.740 7.80   9.12 0.250 3.30   2.97 0.549
New Hampshire 3.69   3.19 0.153 5.43   4.95 0.467 10.84 8.64 0.052 2.32   2.09 0.539
New Jersey 3.15   3.24 0.801 5.25   4.91 0.585 8.56   8.23 0.750 2.08   2.27 0.629
New Mexico 4.56   3.94 0.165 7.11   6.24 0.295 9.90   8.34 0.191 3.15   2.76 0.459
New York 3.10 3.50 0.096 5.08   4.95 0.760 8.02   8.43 0.477 2.03 2.49 0.099
North Carolina 3.44   3.64 0.624 5.48   5.54 0.934 7.33   8.12 0.431 2.52   2.64 0.800
North Dakota 3.24   2.79 0.185 5.53   4.52 0.188 6.23   5.38 0.284 2.31   2.04 0.499
Ohio 3.40   3.28 0.598 5.14   4.87 0.501 8.37   7.97 0.474 2.30   2.25 0.850
Oklahoma 4.12   3.95 0.690 6.59   6.11 0.535 10.05   9.08 0.429 2.64   2.67 0.938
Oregon 3.76   3.76 0.996 5.33   4.96 0.616 8.75   10.60 0.110 2.70   2.44 0.579
Pennsylvania 3.42   3.25 0.430 5.47 4.78 0.076 8.55   8.72 0.754 2.31   2.15 0.534
Rhode Island 4.19   4.12 0.866 5.71   5.44 0.700 11.15   12.07 0.476 2.72   2.52 0.653
South Carolina 3.60   3.48 0.716 5.26   4.94 0.626 8.80   8.68 0.919 2.46   2.36 0.783
South Dakota 3.03   2.75 0.419 5.51   5.26 0.776 6.34   5.05 0.105 2.01   1.94 0.871
Tennessee 3.48   3.93 0.287 4.97   5.49 0.449 7.41 9.84 0.032 2.64   2.75 0.818
Texas 3.84   3.58 0.237 5.80 4.73 0.011 8.39   9.10 0.223 2.63   2.30 0.218
Utah 4.06   4.19 0.744 5.00   5.50 0.514 7.99   7.82 0.844 2.77   2.95 0.697
Vermont 3.74   3.87 0.738 6.08   5.70 0.593 9.47   11.21 0.136 2.45   2.38 0.851
Virginia 3.35   3.41 0.878 4.74   4.58 0.802 8.06   8.43 0.693 2.39   2.42 0.944
Washington 3.94   3.55 0.328 5.54   4.61 0.161 8.86   8.61 0.827 2.87   2.53 0.453
West Virginia 3.89   3.95 0.894 6.05   5.91 0.853 10.23   10.93 0.483 2.63   2.63 0.991
Wisconsin 3.74   3.34 0.247 5.70   5.12 0.392 9.44   8.04 0.137 2.44   2.26 0.633
Wyoming 3.81   3.64 0.621 5.45   5.64 0.782 8.24   8.38 0.884 2.74   2.47 0.532

61025

Table C.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 2.42   2.31 0.105 1.69   1.65 0.629 6.62   6.77 0.330 1.78 1.62 0.057
Northeast 2.51   2.48 0.784 1.58   1.65 0.611 7.60   7.81 0.512 1.81   1.72 0.534
Midwest 2.36   2.25 0.228 1.65   1.52 0.228 6.42   6.56 0.523 1.72   1.57 0.189
South 2.31   2.30 0.862 1.72   1.70 0.899 5.96 6.40 0.052 1.75   1.66 0.404
West 2.57 2.26 0.006 1.78   1.70 0.590 7.09   6.78 0.350 1.86 1.51 0.010
                         
Alabama 2.16   2.13 0.938 1.58   1.59 0.980 5.63   6.08 0.576 1.61   1.50 0.752
Alaska 2.48   2.56 0.792 2.08   1.95 0.771 8.72   7.41 0.158 1.39   1.72 0.330
Arizona 3.30 2.68 0.066 2.76   2.27 0.369 8.64   7.51 0.267 2.42   1.86 0.166
Arkansas 1.91   2.03 0.650 1.52   1.64 0.700 5.44   6.29 0.289 1.33   1.32 0.971
California 2.55 2.15 0.019 1.61   1.59 0.932 6.75   6.31 0.374 1.92 1.47 0.025
Colorado 3.42 2.80 0.094 1.96   1.86 0.790 9.01   8.67 0.775 2.64 1.89 0.078
Connecticut 2.24   2.54 0.312 1.81   1.94 0.718 8.15   8.43 0.780 1.41   1.72 0.354
Delaware 2.57   2.47 0.751 1.47   1.40 0.814 7.28   7.45 0.855 1.89   1.74 0.665
District of Columbia 2.91   3.39 0.377 0.57   0.52 0.729 4.09 5.78 0.033 2.90   3.23 0.616
Florida 2.52   2.64 0.560 1.63   1.77 0.530 7.25   8.08 0.124 1.93   1.93 0.987
Georgia 2.22   1.82 0.149 1.43   1.27 0.576 4.41   4.15 0.692 1.94   1.48 0.157
Hawaii 1.72   1.93 0.367 1.30   1.50 0.576 5.37   5.49 0.890 1.21   1.43 0.383
Idaho 1.78   2.00 0.332 1.85   1.70 0.652 4.91 6.29 0.088 1.12   1.16 0.843
Illinois 2.44   2.32 0.511 1.43   1.32 0.552 6.20   5.80 0.394 1.91   1.83 0.733
Indiana 2.37   2.33 0.882 1.75   1.49 0.424 6.68   7.46 0.361 1.67   1.52 0.631
Iowa 2.21   1.84 0.143 1.69   1.70 0.961 6.29   5.35 0.216 1.51   1.21 0.285
Kansas 2.04   2.51 0.168 1.55   1.65 0.744 6.17   6.82 0.458 1.30   1.79 0.195
Kentucky 2.47   2.45 0.936 1.67   1.63 0.889 6.71   6.90 0.815 1.84   1.79 0.891
Louisiana 2.47   2.02 0.158 1.37   1.19 0.464 5.74   4.84 0.197 1.98   1.57 0.272
Maine 2.57   2.48 0.777 2.03   1.89 0.712 9.61   9.07 0.587 1.56   1.53 0.947
Maryland 2.22   2.27 0.893 1.21   1.21 0.989 5.72   5.78 0.939 1.80   1.84 0.902
Massachusetts 2.75   2.95 0.571 1.71   1.91 0.575 8.39   10.05 0.110 1.97   1.92 0.911
Michigan 2.51   2.38 0.485 1.57   1.55 0.920 6.32   6.97 0.177 1.98   1.69 0.225
Minnesota 2.16   2.27 0.651 1.87   1.75 0.732 6.38   7.32 0.300 1.43   1.42 0.977
Mississippi 2.01   2.02 0.952 1.22   1.34 0.679 4.41   4.66 0.707 1.64   1.60 0.910
Missouri 2.60   2.46 0.615 1.99   1.70 0.436 7.39   8.17 0.355 1.83   1.53 0.386
Montana 2.27   2.33 0.814 1.87   1.65 0.544 6.65   8.04 0.103 1.53   1.38 0.601
Nebraska 2.08   2.21 0.604 1.64   1.62 0.954 6.09   7.22 0.176 1.35   1.31 0.880
Nevada 1.96   1.91 0.843 1.51   1.61 0.784 6.02   6.48 0.571 1.37   1.22 0.579
New Hampshire 2.84 2.31 0.084 2.05   1.85 0.600 9.73   8.95 0.478 1.85 1.31 0.084
New Jersey 2.02   2.03 0.982 1.45   1.64 0.551 5.87   6.21 0.662 1.53   1.45 0.803
New Mexico 3.14 2.34 0.008 2.77   2.14 0.162 9.77 7.05 0.015 1.93   1.48 0.131
New York 2.53   2.49 0.867 1.39   1.54 0.472 7.60   7.35 0.639 1.83   1.81 0.933
North Carolina 1.96   2.02 0.825 1.24   1.31 0.807 4.90   5.63 0.376 1.57   1.52 0.875
North Dakota 1.88   1.73 0.514 1.79   1.70 0.775 5.56   4.68 0.244 1.12   1.12 0.991
Ohio 2.13   2.00 0.469 1.33   1.23 0.631 5.99   5.57 0.375 1.57   1.48 0.692
Oklahoma 2.08   1.96 0.638 1.75   1.67 0.807 6.48   6.12 0.661 1.27   1.20 0.769
Oregon 2.22   2.08 0.624 1.72   1.66 0.860 6.60   6.48 0.891 1.53   1.38 0.640
Pennsylvania 2.63   2.46 0.388 1.68   1.52 0.422 7.25   7.64 0.445 2.00   1.73 0.252
Rhode Island 3.52   3.04 0.219 1.93   1.85 0.822 10.88   9.68 0.311 2.37   1.99 0.394
South Carolina 2.44   2.34 0.759 1.95   1.62 0.235 6.55   6.35 0.825 1.78   1.73 0.899
South Dakota 1.87   1.76 0.617 1.82   1.62 0.591 5.53   5.02 0.490 1.14   1.13 0.951
Tennessee 2.12   2.25 0.683 1.56   1.51 0.879 5.42   6.27 0.292 1.64   1.67 0.939
Texas 2.41   2.40 0.950 2.45   2.41 0.904 6.14   6.67 0.318 1.66   1.55 0.608
Utah 2.14   2.39 0.392 1.37   1.88 0.214 5.03   5.38 0.618 1.47   1.65 0.590
Vermont 2.80   2.86 0.845 2.12   2.01 0.804 10.26   10.36 0.926 1.61   1.69 0.810
Virginia 2.37   2.41 0.906 1.34   1.39 0.843 5.97   7.08 0.150 1.92   1.77 0.668
Washington 2.25   2.36 0.671 1.81   1.57 0.487 7.71   8.46 0.453 1.36   1.41 0.853
West Virginia 2.52   2.80 0.314 2.24   2.16 0.858 8.59 10.26 0.065 1.58   1.70 0.696
Wisconsin 2.68   2.26 0.131 2.25   1.91 0.354 7.20   6.91 0.711 1.92   1.47 0.134
Wyoming 2.30   2.11 0.472 1.69   1.80 0.743 8.03   6.76 0.186 1.28   1.27 0.953

61025

Table C.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 4.79   4.77 0.777 7.53 7.13 0.010 11.95   12.16 0.289 3.16   3.15 0.912
Northeast 4.32   4.44 0.396 6.64   6.48 0.547 12.07   12.19 0.732 2.77   2.92 0.374
Midwest 4.62   4.69 0.594 7.37   7.07 0.193 11.90   12.02 0.694 2.93   3.04 0.451
South 4.79   4.82 0.763 7.71   7.41 0.205 11.86   12.34 0.122 3.14   3.15 0.945
West 5.37 5.04 0.089 8.10 7.25 0.010 12.03   11.98 0.910 3.76   3.45 0.209
                         
Alabama 5.20   5.05 0.724 8.60   8.67 0.941 13.73   13.98 0.838 3.22   2.99 0.632
Alaska 5.68   5.61 0.898 8.62   8.16 0.656 12.77   12.50 0.816 3.81   3.80 0.986
Arizona 5.33   4.67 0.193 8.46   7.22 0.235 12.05   10.33 0.175 3.66   3.28 0.518
Arkansas 5.53   5.66 0.769 10.68   10.32 0.729 14.41   15.94 0.247 3.24   3.20 0.933
California 5.15 4.63 0.085 7.70 6.78 0.063 11.21   10.86 0.584 3.67   3.18 0.183
Colorado 6.24   5.83 0.457 8.05   7.72 0.719 13.45   14.58 0.390 4.72   4.03 0.291
Connecticut 4.34 5.14 0.087 5.97   7.22 0.101 12.49 15.30 0.040 2.91   3.31 0.439
Delaware 5.52   5.24 0.570 8.13   8.55 0.657 13.40   13.59 0.887 3.81   3.38 0.419
District of Columbia 3.07   3.72 0.142 4.35   4.37 0.981 6.33 8.02 0.077 2.33   2.88 0.289
Florida 4.80   5.06 0.379 7.08   7.11 0.964 12.55   12.79 0.729 3.38   3.66 0.427
Georgia 5.49 4.30 0.015 8.21 6.28 0.030 11.35   10.14 0.308 4.02 2.94 0.043
Hawaii 3.13   3.57 0.337 5.30   5.96 0.395 8.01   9.17 0.322 2.11   2.41 0.568
Idaho 5.32   5.40 0.868 8.14   7.46 0.435 12.44   13.89 0.258 3.41   3.34 0.893
Illinois 4.08   3.96 0.609 6.18   5.93 0.561 10.90 9.59 0.039 2.57   2.68 0.691
Indiana 5.44   5.43 0.987 8.31   8.53 0.801 14.40   14.21 0.888 3.38   3.39 0.982
Iowa 3.66   3.85 0.600 5.95   6.28 0.683 9.96   9.74 0.826 2.17   2.45 0.488
Kansas 4.23   4.68 0.309 6.63   6.42 0.762 10.33   10.60 0.815 2.69   3.28 0.240
Kentucky 6.31   6.03 0.554 10.92   9.89 0.322 15.81   14.40 0.306 4.08   4.11 0.955
Louisiana 5.16   5.36 0.654 8.00   8.14 0.874 13.18   13.20 0.986 3.11   3.36 0.625
Maine 5.02   4.93 0.832 8.80   8.40 0.652 14.20   13.44 0.541 3.14   3.18 0.930
Maryland 3.48   3.62 0.696 5.46   5.76 0.684 9.56   9.27 0.780 2.21   2.40 0.658
Massachusetts 5.06   4.71 0.429 8.03   7.06 0.259 13.73   13.66 0.958 3.30   2.98 0.507
Michigan 5.17   5.27 0.692 9.54 8.40 0.042 12.56 13.78 0.060 3.25   3.33 0.782
Minnesota 3.96   4.26 0.465 5.56   6.17 0.392 9.31   10.58 0.248 2.77   2.85 0.866
Mississippi 3.88   4.11 0.533 7.61   7.13 0.620 9.39   9.92 0.617 2.21   2.51 0.450
Missouri 5.44   4.94 0.260 8.55   7.70 0.291 13.39   12.79 0.636 3.59   3.16 0.383
Montana 4.96   5.44 0.318 9.01   9.62 0.547 12.50   13.36 0.471 3.04   3.45 0.455
Nebraska 3.41   3.98 0.115 5.98   6.45 0.583 9.01   9.56 0.585 1.95   2.55 0.160
Nevada 5.55   5.77 0.687 8.87   8.29 0.589 12.37   14.49 0.131 4.02   4.03 0.987
New Hampshire 5.28   4.66 0.149 7.65   7.36 0.751 15.24 12.00 0.018 3.38   3.13 0.588
New Jersey 3.96   4.12 0.705 6.16   6.26 0.892 11.11   10.89 0.831 2.63   2.82 0.667
New Mexico 5.50   5.20 0.540 8.62   7.71 0.367 12.01   11.85 0.884 3.79   3.56 0.700
New York 4.11   4.32 0.381 6.15   6.19 0.947 11.20   11.06 0.837 2.68   2.96 0.299
North Carolina 4.39   4.54 0.725 7.57   7.92 0.695 10.57   10.93 0.738 2.93   3.03 0.855
North Dakota 4.00   4.33 0.393 6.14   5.87 0.717 9.38   9.35 0.975 2.58   3.10 0.258
Ohio 4.80   5.00 0.432 7.47   7.26 0.653 13.08   13.94 0.174 3.00   3.14 0.633
Oklahoma 5.71   5.84 0.808 10.10   9.10 0.329 14.35   14.39 0.982 3.44   3.74 0.614
Oregon 5.56   5.68 0.812 9.78   9.38 0.681 13.27   14.28 0.431 3.70   3.75 0.925
Pennsylvania 4.13   4.28 0.481 6.71   6.16 0.191 12.13   12.63 0.430 2.48   2.66 0.471
Rhode Island 5.96   5.87 0.871 7.62   7.55 0.944 15.30   16.59 0.355 4.03   3.73 0.601
South Carolina 5.01   4.91 0.805 8.14   7.36 0.323 12.36   12.85 0.689 3.29   3.17 0.804
South Dakota 3.45   3.42 0.935 6.45   5.77 0.421 7.83   7.70 0.889 2.14   2.24 0.808
Tennessee 4.60 5.50 0.048 9.34   8.99 0.722 10.98 14.92 0.004 2.94   3.48 0.262
Texas 4.59   4.58 0.952 6.72   6.73 0.983 11.03   11.94 0.173 2.98   2.78 0.500
Utah 6.08   6.50 0.425 7.05   7.88 0.365 14.10   13.49 0.644 3.61   4.32 0.244
Vermont 4.96   4.85 0.810 8.14   7.31 0.335 13.44   13.40 0.979 3.08   3.08 0.987
Virginia 4.17   4.44 0.470 7.45   6.65 0.324 11.35   12.29 0.354 2.55   2.85 0.492
Washington 6.07   5.89 0.733 9.52 7.52 0.024 14.24   14.84 0.673 4.19   4.13 0.916
West Virginia 5.22   5.44 0.618 8.62   8.95 0.737 14.61   14.74 0.915 3.32   3.59 0.590
Wisconsin 4.69   4.83 0.739 6.97   6.53 0.598 12.48   12.43 0.966 2.96   3.24 0.581
Wyoming 5.19   5.33 0.775 8.75   8.62 0.886 12.48   12.56 0.947 3.30   3.51 0.692

61025

Table C.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 50.17 51.05 0.027 17.65 17.06 0.010 60.92   60.69 0.604 52.76 54.03 0.009
Northeast 54.72   55.16 0.464 19.19   18.48 0.116 66.17   65.42 0.235 57.44   58.22 0.291
Midwest 53.04 54.31 0.007 18.72   18.13 0.106 66.52   66.62 0.864 55.37 57.06 0.003
South 45.46 46.67 0.013 16.28   15.96 0.325 56.89   56.85 0.952 47.48 49.07 0.008
West 50.91   51.36 0.423 17.51 16.63 0.048 57.56   57.22 0.634 54.55   55.34 0.261
                         
Alabama 39.17 42.07 0.048 15.68   15.97 0.811 51.70   52.63 0.602 40.10 43.69 0.055
Alaska 49.36   50.55 0.398 15.98   14.67 0.295 57.83   57.44 0.829 53.91   55.71 0.338
Arizona 49.74 55.43 0.000 18.94   18.01 0.508 57.72 61.27 0.076 52.77 59.73 0.000
Arkansas 40.66   39.63 0.470 17.55   16.45 0.388 56.04   53.21 0.127 41.05   40.31 0.682
California 50.59   50.14 0.581 16.81   16.20 0.376 55.85   55.02 0.437 54.63   54.37 0.797
Colorado 58.78   59.43 0.616 21.55   20.52 0.450 69.41   69.30 0.948 62.00   62.99 0.550
Connecticut 60.52   61.28 0.634 20.86   20.94 0.955 73.79   71.44 0.142 63.74   65.07 0.505
Delaware 50.67   49.71 0.530 16.95   16.41 0.669 64.91   63.20 0.309 52.58   51.59 0.612
District of Columbia 56.13   58.44 0.108 12.25   12.70 0.707 64.98 68.93 0.030 58.43   60.90 0.168
Florida 51.01   52.04 0.216 17.17   17.01 0.819 59.01   58.59 0.694 53.97   55.35 0.188
Georgia 45.49   44.11 0.299 15.59   14.52 0.359 54.10   52.16 0.293 48.25   46.88 0.428
Hawaii 48.85   47.08 0.284 16.44 13.74 0.024 60.31   57.77 0.207 51.18   49.63 0.452
Idaho 47.75   46.43 0.341 17.21   15.88 0.318 56.00   53.80 0.214 50.81   49.53 0.488
Illinois 53.12   54.17 0.187 17.55   17.24 0.670 65.68   65.20 0.613 55.83   57.35 0.131
Indiana 47.37 49.94 0.061 16.20   17.12 0.425 61.28   61.34 0.975 49.22 52.50 0.065
Iowa 54.04   54.46 0.756 19.60   18.27 0.309 71.26   69.28 0.219 55.26   56.28 0.563
Kansas 48.54 51.81 0.024 19.47   19.45 0.987 66.03   65.35 0.690 49.30 53.68 0.019
Kentucky 40.55   42.61 0.139 19.53 17.01 0.049 57.39   55.60 0.316 40.36 43.66 0.064
Louisiana 46.09   46.76 0.626 18.42   17.59 0.523 59.58   58.80 0.658 47.51   48.61 0.545
Maine 49.69   51.49 0.210 17.41   19.14 0.227 63.81   64.01 0.908 51.58   53.51 0.276
Maryland 51.72   53.05 0.343 16.19   15.71 0.689 64.06   62.88 0.510 54.68   56.69 0.262
Massachusetts 60.99   59.55 0.300 21.81 19.11 0.048 70.71   70.60 0.946 64.21   62.71 0.385
Michigan 52.56 54.17 0.051 18.21   17.09 0.113 66.08   66.30 0.813 55.10 57.36 0.030
Minnesota 57.57 60.99 0.011 18.56   19.18 0.652 69.03   69.71 0.677 60.83 64.99 0.015
Mississippi 36.75   37.84 0.400 13.75   15.43 0.161 50.74   49.04 0.324 37.36   38.87 0.378
Missouri 49.81   48.83 0.494 20.20   19.96 0.861 63.79   65.63 0.278 51.36   49.71 0.370
Montana 55.96   57.20 0.420 23.00   21.22 0.262 71.50   70.43 0.499 57.62   59.44 0.358
Nebraska 55.41   55.60 0.892 20.10   18.63 0.289 71.18   71.30 0.944 57.32   57.61 0.873
Nevada 46.95   48.17 0.429 17.41   16.56 0.519 56.26   57.33 0.581 49.44   50.95 0.428
New Hampshire 60.17   59.07 0.428 21.57 18.09 0.017 73.36   71.84 0.372 63.30   62.54 0.662
New Jersey 53.25   54.48 0.445 18.82   18.77 0.969 63.79   62.41 0.428 56.24   58.06 0.368
New Mexico 47.26   48.21 0.494 20.33 18.09 0.096 59.68   57.15 0.173 49.02   50.94 0.288
New York 53.38   53.92 0.531 19.01   18.75 0.741 64.14   63.30 0.422 55.98   56.88 0.414
North Carolina 40.80 43.62 0.058 14.95   14.92 0.982 54.25   55.48 0.517 41.97 45.49 0.062
North Dakota 59.33   59.32 0.996 23.39 20.04 0.025 75.61   74.56 0.525 60.72   61.15 0.820
Ohio 51.41   51.00 0.617 17.24   16.37 0.200 63.51   63.71 0.836 53.97   53.49 0.635
Oklahoma 42.59   42.37 0.875 17.40   17.41 0.989 59.14 55.52 0.057 42.87   43.19 0.858
Oregon 54.61   56.61 0.152 18.78   18.32 0.729 66.77   64.13 0.124 57.17 60.22 0.085
Pennsylvania 52.20   52.86 0.458 17.75   16.69 0.149 65.04   64.85 0.837 54.54   55.55 0.369
Rhode Island 60.58   60.38 0.892 20.26   19.79 0.749 73.69   73.05 0.684 63.25   63.25 0.999
South Carolina 43.74   42.98 0.588 14.40   13.67 0.484 59.19 52.79 0.001 45.04   45.24 0.912
South Dakota 57.35   59.71 0.104 23.37   22.03 0.343 72.30   72.36 0.969 59.34 62.45 0.095
Tennessee 37.63 40.85 0.025 14.08   14.34 0.816 50.60 55.11 0.025 38.43 41.76 0.067
Texas 46.76 48.62 0.021 16.69   16.91 0.768 55.48 57.65 0.038 49.76 51.73 0.056
Utah 29.29   30.05 0.562 11.28   12.08 0.517 34.85   34.91 0.974 31.02   31.82 0.663
Vermont 58.08   59.19 0.452 19.95   18.63 0.346 71.11   71.40 0.854 60.81   62.26 0.437
Virginia 50.24   51.24 0.470 15.75   13.93 0.150 64.28   64.16 0.945 52.55   54.07 0.393
Washington 56.60   56.48 0.934 18.07 15.78 0.082 61.90   62.85 0.585 60.87   60.74 0.941
West Virginia 36.68   35.95 0.596 15.78   16.47 0.602 54.53   53.83 0.681 36.21   35.33 0.613
Wisconsin 62.08 65.30 0.020 24.44   22.59 0.247 75.46   75.72 0.869 64.82 69.11 0.015
Wyoming 51.43   53.00 0.294 18.32   19.17 0.496 67.05   66.67 0.818 53.05   54.84 0.358

61025

Table C.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 22.69   22.70 0.944 10.86 10.49 0.053 41.39   41.54 0.696 21.04   21.07 0.887
Northeast 23.98   23.75 0.531 11.55   11.10 0.230 45.74   45.78 0.956 22.07   21.81 0.578
Midwest 25.43   25.53 0.710 12.11   11.65 0.113 47.31   47.40 0.849 23.33   23.50 0.636
South 21.13   21.40 0.326 9.59   9.50 0.726 37.73   38.03 0.547 19.80   20.10 0.397
West 21.34   21.10 0.497 11.04   10.44 0.112 37.85   37.98 0.841 19.82   19.56 0.583
                         
Alabama 19.13   19.11 0.990 9.55   10.03 0.579 34.58   33.61 0.556 17.65   17.76 0.932
Alaska 21.54   21.80 0.826 11.36   9.62 0.108 39.16   37.34 0.332 20.13   20.97 0.567
Arizona 24.08   24.11 0.981 12.49   11.54 0.393 43.08   44.03 0.600 22.33   22.31 0.990
Arkansas 20.67   19.23 0.165 11.06   10.23 0.421 39.53 36.63 0.093 18.60   17.33 0.321
California 20.60   20.02 0.309 10.27   9.99 0.619 35.29   35.42 0.896 19.45   18.73 0.323
Colorado 24.71   24.28 0.709 11.86   12.63 0.463 45.85   48.57 0.170 22.74   21.59 0.430
Connecticut 24.26   25.82 0.203 12.42   12.05 0.734 48.56   48.69 0.941 22.18   24.16 0.195
Delaware 22.78 20.60 0.045 9.93   9.82 0.927 44.60   42.95 0.359 20.66 18.09 0.061
District of Columbia 24.93 27.46 0.039 5.55   6.79 0.177 37.20 46.30 0.000 24.34   26.03 0.253
Florida 21.18   21.52 0.587 9.37   9.26 0.832 38.96   38.69 0.794 19.99   20.44 0.571
Georgia 21.48 19.55 0.078 8.77   8.43 0.694 34.67   32.81 0.314 20.90   18.72 0.115
Hawaii 22.83   21.66 0.305 10.86   9.34 0.137 44.29   42.88 0.465 21.07   19.94 0.430
Idaho 21.31   22.09 0.444 11.64   10.52 0.285 39.73   39.11 0.720 19.02   20.36 0.323
Illinois 26.01   26.27 0.690 10.85   10.41 0.471 48.19   46.71 0.151 24.16   24.84 0.416
Indiana 21.70   21.99 0.772 10.32   10.80 0.559 43.47   42.03 0.413 19.30   19.92 0.631
Iowa 28.42   27.87 0.610 14.08   12.95 0.332 54.55   52.50 0.233 25.35   25.19 0.909
Kansas 24.32 26.18 0.096 13.27   13.98 0.517 48.12   48.64 0.779 21.25   23.50 0.106
Kentucky 20.15 21.91 0.084 11.77   11.24 0.596 40.39   39.12 0.471 17.73 20.34 0.042
Louisiana 24.55   24.06 0.663 10.99   10.48 0.583 39.34   38.73 0.725 23.59   23.09 0.732
Maine 21.47   20.99 0.625 11.18   11.59 0.714 43.80   42.52 0.454 19.33   18.80 0.659
Maryland 19.68   19.96 0.791 9.26   9.13 0.887 37.64   37.26 0.837 18.22   18.65 0.735
Massachusetts 28.40 26.15 0.032 14.18 12.06 0.065 53.01   52.78 0.897 26.17 23.56 0.048
Michigan 24.46   24.59 0.854 11.17   10.43 0.205 45.08   45.85 0.427 22.74   22.88 0.869
Minnesota 26.03   27.42 0.243 12.71   12.94 0.838 47.59   47.63 0.986 23.93   25.67 0.250
Mississippi 19.92   19.76 0.864 8.13   8.72 0.502 33.68   34.41 0.658 18.91   18.45 0.706
Missouri 25.12   24.35 0.470 13.67   12.84 0.425 45.18   47.07 0.285 23.09   21.82 0.342
Montana 27.72   28.47 0.538 17.10   15.55 0.245 52.90   53.81 0.574 24.60   25.51 0.556
Nebraska 26.47   27.17 0.530 13.89   13.05 0.469 51.18   51.31 0.947 23.42   24.41 0.492
Nevada 21.34   22.50 0.291 11.28   10.60 0.516 35.98 39.38 0.062 20.35   21.39 0.450
New Hampshire 25.41   23.74 0.150 13.78 11.71 0.074 50.09   48.94 0.554 23.06   21.33 0.225
New Jersey 20.54   21.35 0.462 10.77   10.47 0.763 41.42   42.19 0.676 18.77   19.69 0.489
New Mexico 22.98   21.27 0.131 14.16 12.17 0.076 41.66 37.74 0.032 20.78   19.46 0.362
New York 23.40   23.00 0.551 10.87   11.21 0.578 42.95   43.43 0.637 21.75   21.12 0.454
North Carolina 19.21   20.67 0.154 9.26   8.98 0.762 35.92   37.21 0.480 17.72   19.48 0.175
North Dakota 31.77   31.52 0.822 15.91   14.24 0.214 57.01   58.05 0.541 28.59   28.24 0.812
Ohio 23.60   22.86 0.247 11.16   10.63 0.358 43.76   45.05 0.192 21.80   20.66 0.162
Oklahoma 20.68   21.42 0.461 12.49   11.83 0.534 40.47   39.75 0.692 17.99   19.17 0.351
Oregon 20.07   20.70 0.528 12.22   11.57 0.560 41.48   40.23 0.509 17.42   18.55 0.368
Pennsylvania 24.66   24.67 0.985 11.14   10.33 0.152 47.21   46.57 0.518 22.69   22.91 0.790
Rhode Island 27.71   27.96 0.833 12.94   12.69 0.829 53.15   51.94 0.509 24.90   25.56 0.656
South Carolina 21.22   20.18 0.298 8.94   8.34 0.451 39.39 35.70 0.049 19.70   19.04 0.600
South Dakota 28.55   27.18 0.214 15.96 13.59 0.039 55.59 52.23 0.061 25.01   24.10 0.524
Tennessee 15.21 17.79 0.007 8.11   7.68 0.627 29.07 34.76 0.002 13.77 16.20 0.043
Texas 23.55   24.00 0.469 9.53   10.26 0.229 37.69 39.70 0.039 22.95   23.02 0.932
Utah 15.04 16.33 0.075 8.37   8.67 0.764 25.13   26.66 0.313 13.42   14.82 0.176
Vermont 23.73   23.63 0.931 13.37   12.45 0.456 48.50   49.21 0.704 20.81   20.67 0.921
Virginia 22.17   22.44 0.801 9.86   8.71 0.214 45.13   44.41 0.679 20.04   20.63 0.666
Washington 21.51   21.74 0.837 11.97 9.44 0.019 40.85   39.18 0.367 19.46   20.34 0.516
West Virginia 19.28   18.67 0.519 11.35   10.77 0.598 40.28   40.49 0.898 16.80   16.13 0.556
Wisconsin 30.95   31.42 0.689 15.52   14.69 0.487 54.19   55.47 0.451 28.86   29.31 0.763
Wyoming 25.53   23.87 0.156 12.63   12.90 0.828 49.84   47.04 0.121 22.67   20.89 0.222

61025

Table C.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 41.30   41.19 0.639 38.26   38.25 0.966 31.73   32.11 0.216 43.40   43.18 0.483
Northeast 39.19   39.55 0.463 36.84   37.06 0.706 27.85   28.54 0.246 41.31   41.65 0.593
Midwest 37.57   37.05 0.146 36.08   35.86 0.649 27.93   27.29 0.145 39.51   38.96 0.235
South 44.21   43.93 0.466 40.57   40.39 0.709 34.89   35.19 0.540 46.35   45.94 0.421
West 42.20   42.31 0.840 37.93   38.16 0.740 33.60 34.78 0.065 44.39   44.28 0.872
                         
Alabama 46.68   46.57 0.944 43.39   43.87 0.789 39.46   37.84 0.370 48.41   48.48 0.974
Alaska 41.17 38.41 0.085 37.60   37.33 0.888 31.49   30.36 0.491 43.64 40.18 0.097
Arizona 41.81   41.41 0.806 36.36   37.64 0.518 31.66   31.08 0.761 44.44   43.82 0.765
Arkansas 43.94   43.56 0.809 38.70   36.82 0.301 31.43   32.92 0.417 46.90   46.37 0.790
California 44.12   44.33 0.802 39.02   39.23 0.840 36.56 38.31 0.086 46.25   46.19 0.955
Colorado 36.35   37.67 0.367 33.42   33.50 0.963 26.63   29.03 0.179 38.46   39.76 0.482
Connecticut 37.64   39.94 0.163 36.41   36.68 0.883 27.71   29.58 0.241 39.29   41.95 0.196
Delaware 39.35 42.18 0.063 37.34   37.46 0.945 29.94   30.65 0.686 41.24 44.77 0.069
District of Columbia 44.62   42.27 0.136 43.36   43.25 0.951 35.01   31.95 0.127 46.58   44.03 0.186
Florida 44.69   44.59 0.901 39.86   38.93 0.330 36.06   36.48 0.681 46.56   46.49 0.950
Georgia 45.96   45.51 0.762 42.94   44.41 0.445 38.41   40.86 0.194 47.78   46.52 0.505
Hawaii 37.39   39.28 0.265 38.54   39.38 0.653 30.49   30.56 0.972 38.30   40.61 0.274
Idaho 38.96   39.60 0.672 37.88   38.78 0.608 30.34   30.69 0.840 40.91   41.54 0.744
Illinois 38.75   38.07 0.363 37.29   36.93 0.711 31.71   31.23 0.600 40.20   39.45 0.431
Indiana 40.56   39.90 0.646 37.95   36.01 0.267 30.12   30.40 0.863 42.86   42.18 0.711
Iowa 33.78   35.92 0.120 32.36   33.89 0.377 24.41   23.94 0.780 35.74   38.39 0.128
Kansas 40.05   38.28 0.239 39.23   38.06 0.525 26.88   25.53 0.415 42.75   40.79 0.305
Kentucky 40.05   40.61 0.711 37.32   35.98 0.440 33.22   33.78 0.752 41.59   42.36 0.681
Louisiana 41.31   42.23 0.556 38.52   40.45 0.283 34.57   36.36 0.333 43.09   43.68 0.767
Maine 37.02   37.15 0.929 32.05   31.79 0.869 24.99   23.01 0.185 39.48   40.01 0.785
Maryland 44.13   44.04 0.952 40.95   40.03 0.616 34.65   34.19 0.796 46.12   46.21 0.962
Massachusetts 33.38   34.25 0.539 31.30   32.19 0.619 23.51   25.70 0.189 35.23   35.88 0.712
Michigan 37.52   37.82 0.710 36.19   36.44 0.800 28.46   28.95 0.589 39.30   39.58 0.793
Minnesota 36.44   35.14 0.389 34.07   32.52 0.332 25.66   24.55 0.491 38.72   37.43 0.495
Mississippi 49.16   47.74 0.307 45.13   45.66 0.775 41.82   40.79 0.551 51.24   49.42 0.316
Missouri 38.06   39.68 0.251 36.05   37.31 0.465 26.96   25.80 0.459 40.33   42.50 0.222
Montana 35.46   34.85 0.697 31.44   33.18 0.301 24.02   23.10 0.545 38.08   37.22 0.665
Nebraska 35.18   35.65 0.748 34.94   35.03 0.960 22.41   23.50 0.501 37.71   38.11 0.836
Nevada 41.54   42.52 0.543 38.89   37.60 0.497 36.64   38.36 0.378 42.68   43.85 0.560
New Hampshire 32.28   33.75 0.327 29.13 32.33 0.061 19.40   21.36 0.207 34.75   35.92 0.537
New Jersey 44.85   42.72 0.188 39.33 36.25 0.087 31.75   32.56 0.664 47.50   45.09 0.230
New Mexico 45.65   46.95 0.403 38.76   38.29 0.807 35.65   37.62 0.295 48.60   50.01 0.482
New York 41.81   42.72 0.304 38.78   39.11 0.748 30.40   30.77 0.729 44.10   45.17 0.333
North Carolina 45.18   44.32 0.602 39.05   39.52 0.806 32.52   31.91 0.718 48.12   47.03 0.601
North Dakota 32.95   33.78 0.557 33.52   33.52 0.998 22.73   22.50 0.887 35.02   36.14 0.540
Ohio 38.26   37.41 0.294 37.28   37.43 0.874 29.02   27.90 0.214 40.00   39.06 0.365
Oklahoma 42.00   41.35 0.682 38.55   37.91 0.725 29.39   30.67 0.484 44.91   43.87 0.607
Oregon 40.10   39.39 0.630 36.62   33.94 0.161 27.68   27.67 0.998 42.68   42.08 0.739
Pennsylvania 36.17   36.38 0.799 36.78 38.39 0.090 25.19   25.56 0.666 37.90   37.90 0.999
Rhode Island 36.07 38.71 0.094 36.40   38.19 0.362 27.71   26.78 0.601 37.58 40.94 0.094
South Carolina 42.77   42.25 0.724 41.90   41.01 0.587 31.58   33.71 0.238 44.86   43.93 0.615
South Dakota 34.48   34.03 0.744 32.99   33.34 0.843 23.82   23.27 0.707 36.82   36.26 0.753
Tennessee 45.94 43.33 0.097 43.07   41.33 0.315 36.45   35.53 0.624 47.90   44.89 0.126
Texas 44.21   44.04 0.832 40.50   40.40 0.919 35.40   34.54 0.378 46.54   46.48 0.957
Utah 46.92   45.94 0.457 46.62   47.44 0.672 38.00   38.44 0.820 49.51   47.76 0.342
Vermont 34.74   33.65 0.473 29.54   29.30 0.885 22.56   22.46 0.952 37.51   36.11 0.468
Virginia 42.85   43.08 0.875 41.01   40.68 0.849 30.60   33.32 0.110 45.11   45.02 0.962
Washington 38.17   37.15 0.481 33.80   34.77 0.559 26.94   27.18 0.886 40.70   39.19 0.407
West Virginia 39.63   41.74 0.203 34.23   35.52 0.459 31.52   31.14 0.823 41.56   44.10 0.211
Wisconsin 33.34 29.75 0.011 31.80   31.13 0.701 22.70   20.35 0.131 35.48 31.25 0.021
Wyoming 34.88 38.16 0.038 32.88   34.30 0.402 21.29 24.33 0.062 37.76 41.31 0.074

61025

Table C.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 28.85   28.47 0.220 19.38   19.19 0.454
Northeast 31.73   31.45 0.554 21.41   21.35 0.904
Midwest 31.60   31.01 0.132 22.34   21.88 0.167
South 26.48   26.46 0.960 17.13   17.22 0.783
West 27.61   26.84 0.130 18.39   17.95 0.279
             
Alabama 25.90   25.36 0.643 17.16   16.47 0.503
Alaska 26.29   26.65 0.766 19.04   18.38 0.553
Arizona 27.46   27.15 0.829 19.64   18.59 0.383
Arkansas 25.92   25.17 0.544 17.97   17.00 0.382
California 26.30   25.57 0.344 16.91   16.62 0.644
Colorado 33.67   34.21 0.691 20.85   22.29 0.228
Connecticut 34.72   33.35 0.277 22.80   21.69 0.344
Delaware 31.00   31.18 0.892 20.21   19.53 0.604
District of Columbia 30.18   30.57 0.792 16.51   18.57 0.119
Florida 27.32   27.73 0.585 17.48   18.05 0.389
Georgia 24.20   23.77 0.727 15.38   14.81 0.585
Hawaii 26.75 23.69 0.024 19.53   17.81 0.119
Idaho 27.85   26.10 0.149 19.94   18.71 0.258
Illinois 30.35 29.03 0.070 21.65 19.69 0.003
Indiana 26.74   28.53 0.162 18.60   19.16 0.589
Iowa 35.60   33.82 0.160 27.67   26.01 0.157
Kansas 32.19   31.84 0.790 24.11   24.42 0.802
Kentucky 30.02   28.06 0.119 19.71   19.10 0.592
Louisiana 29.97   28.76 0.336 18.69   18.23 0.658
Maine 28.78   30.97 0.108 20.49   21.31 0.504
Maryland 27.07   26.50 0.630 16.24   15.95 0.772
Massachusetts 34.51   34.81 0.816 24.31   24.70 0.750
Michigan 30.17 28.72 0.039 20.48   19.92 0.389
Minnesota 32.57   32.41 0.907 23.38   22.94 0.728
Mississippi 23.12   24.31 0.337 15.67   15.56 0.913
Missouri 33.20   32.60 0.649 23.02   22.60 0.709
Montana 38.10 35.62 0.069 28.98   27.67 0.286
Nebraska 33.98   32.10 0.176 23.75   24.02 0.817
Nevada 24.47   25.11 0.639 16.50   17.18 0.550
New Hampshire 37.30 32.15 0.000 26.18 22.54 0.004
New Jersey 28.08   30.05 0.138 17.47   18.82 0.237
New Mexico 31.26 27.89 0.011 21.73 19.38 0.040
New York 31.99   31.44 0.479 21.16   21.20 0.964
North Carolina 25.07   24.18 0.464 15.88   15.35 0.605
North Dakota 42.68 38.46 0.002 32.29 29.47 0.021
Ohio 29.75   28.91 0.254 20.89   20.85 0.944
Oklahoma 30.15 27.65 0.069 21.52 19.53 0.099
Oregon 30.86   30.36 0.698 20.71   20.31 0.733
Pennsylvania 30.77   29.63 0.110 21.61   20.92 0.283
Rhode Island 36.20   36.56 0.772 25.78   25.43 0.766
South Carolina 24.13   22.20 0.103 15.86   15.22 0.520
South Dakota 39.12   38.32 0.552 29.49 26.97 0.038
Tennessee 22.32   23.91 0.200 13.12   14.33 0.261
Texas 26.10 27.74 0.031 16.69 18.32 0.013
Utah 18.63 21.33 0.042 14.50 16.70 0.046
Vermont 33.35   34.02 0.638 24.05   24.51 0.705
Virginia 29.14   27.51 0.207 20.26   18.51 0.115
Washington 31.31 28.67 0.027 21.49 19.14 0.032
West Virginia 27.09   27.92 0.507 20.09   20.02 0.947
Wisconsin 38.25   39.45 0.368 26.48   28.08 0.185
Wyoming 32.83   33.13 0.832 24.15   23.32 0.508

61025

Table C.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 29.49   29.31 0.540 14.43 13.76 0.004 44.68   44.44 0.443 28.90   28.79 0.758
Northeast 28.47   28.35 0.809 14.19   13.99 0.627 45.50   45.27 0.707 27.56   27.47 0.875
Midwest 32.52   32.39 0.739 16.06 15.19 0.017 49.36   49.31 0.913 31.76   31.70 0.907
South 31.49   31.16 0.400 14.77 13.86 0.005 45.31   44.94 0.454 31.36   31.10 0.585
West 24.17   24.14 0.948 12.53   12.10 0.297 38.46   38.25 0.752 23.25   23.31 0.909
                         
Alabama 34.92   32.72 0.127 17.43   15.95 0.245 47.28   46.30 0.604 35.07   32.55 0.164
Alaska 29.59   29.73 0.919 15.87   15.14 0.593 47.83   47.56 0.883 28.71   28.89 0.917
Arizona 28.21   26.70 0.309 14.60   13.68 0.527 38.68   40.94 0.256 28.29   26.00 0.214
Arkansas 36.29   34.88 0.352 17.40   16.20 0.382 52.78   50.35 0.212 35.90   34.61 0.500
California 20.69   21.19 0.453 10.88   10.87 0.996 34.94   34.04 0.394 19.54   20.41 0.311
Colorado 30.74 27.03 0.004 17.33   15.93 0.298 49.61   47.02 0.201 29.26 25.03 0.009
Connecticut 27.03   26.56 0.735 16.75   15.52 0.324 46.02   45.57 0.809 25.55   25.13 0.804
Delaware 28.54   29.90 0.301 15.34   14.77 0.649 44.94   44.69 0.898 27.40   29.25 0.257
District of Columbia 28.49   28.38 0.939 8.97   9.33 0.741 35.71 39.26 0.099 28.88   28.23 0.704
Florida 28.17   28.70 0.498 12.34   11.95 0.552 41.50   41.92 0.665 28.14   28.76 0.520
Georgia 30.74   29.71 0.407 14.84   12.83 0.114 42.02   40.22 0.353 30.97   30.20 0.621
Hawaii 22.81   22.42 0.781 12.39 10.30 0.060 38.61   39.43 0.696 21.72   21.32 0.821
Idaho 26.88   27.46 0.651 14.51   13.14 0.273 44.04   44.81 0.682 25.27   26.06 0.635
Illinois 31.42   31.34 0.915 13.35   12.81 0.446 47.93   47.62 0.756 30.98   31.02 0.966
Indiana 32.32   32.72 0.772 14.45   14.19 0.837 48.20   48.24 0.983 31.92   32.51 0.736
Iowa 31.64   31.29 0.799 14.70   14.61 0.950 50.64   51.14 0.805 30.25   29.71 0.753
Kansas 33.44   33.02 0.771 17.34   16.61 0.573 49.89   48.79 0.573 32.53   32.23 0.869
Kentucky 39.02   38.32 0.644 24.30 21.04 0.026 56.08   53.23 0.153 37.97   37.98 0.998
Louisiana 32.66   32.34 0.822 14.76 12.21 0.029 45.39   43.77 0.409 32.77   32.99 0.901
Maine 31.97   31.30 0.618 15.34 17.98 0.065 51.13   51.95 0.662 31.12   29.72 0.406
Maryland 26.79   26.27 0.677 12.17   12.06 0.924 41.87   40.03 0.346 26.38   26.03 0.818
Massachusetts 26.08   27.77 0.212 13.72   13.95 0.854 45.51   46.62 0.569 24.46   26.41 0.241
Michigan 32.22   32.65 0.589 15.49 13.95 0.032 48.63   49.93 0.216 31.74   32.30 0.576
Minnesota 30.17   29.79 0.771 16.14   15.82 0.808 50.15   50.89 0.688 28.46   27.81 0.694
Mississippi 33.83   32.46 0.288 15.34   13.82 0.225 48.18   46.33 0.319 33.70   32.41 0.440
Missouri 36.06   36.01 0.973 20.33   19.21 0.463 50.78   51.60 0.648 35.57   35.47 0.955
Montana 33.92   34.62 0.668 21.03   19.55 0.323 53.03   51.47 0.392 32.20   33.49 0.537
Nebraska 29.32   28.87 0.748 16.14   15.60 0.692 48.17   45.52 0.180 27.49   27.45 0.980
Nevada 30.35   30.78 0.773 13.49   12.82 0.593 42.36   43.68 0.510 30.70   31.12 0.818
New Hampshire 29.78   27.80 0.143 15.58   13.45 0.119 48.21   47.29 0.636 28.78   26.62 0.194
New Jersey 25.04   25.49 0.746 14.01   13.30 0.553 42.42   41.86 0.769 23.95   24.67 0.671
New Mexico 28.71   27.93 0.545 16.79   15.14 0.214 44.28   45.36 0.567 27.58   26.49 0.511
New York 27.92   27.65 0.740 12.49   12.74 0.716 43.03   43.04 0.997 27.37   27.01 0.715
North Carolina 34.19   32.57 0.287 17.20   17.11 0.942 47.94   48.70 0.693 34.13   31.95 0.248
North Dakota 33.40   32.39 0.453 20.69 17.57 0.035 49.63   49.87 0.903 31.68   30.66 0.551
Ohio 34.65   33.39 0.144 16.86   16.01 0.250 50.09   49.68 0.681 34.40   32.91 0.175
Oklahoma 35.81   33.74 0.150 18.50   17.72 0.574 53.68   50.63 0.134 34.74   32.64 0.236
Oregon 28.89   29.29 0.750 14.74   14.46 0.825 45.57   46.52 0.638 27.87   28.26 0.804
Pennsylvania 32.56   31.82 0.361 15.85   15.45 0.558 49.88   48.84 0.319 31.87   31.13 0.463
Rhode Island 30.29   28.84 0.286 15.58   14.61 0.442 45.45   45.02 0.819 29.36   27.72 0.333
South Carolina 31.63   32.99 0.330 15.12   15.13 0.991 48.59   47.69 0.658 30.90   32.83 0.270
South Dakota 35.32 32.16 0.023 21.25   19.10 0.159 56.02 49.80 0.001 33.26   30.48 0.122
Tennessee 32.96 35.50 0.098 16.14   16.81 0.615 45.27 49.40 0.045 33.01   35.50 0.188
Texas 30.17   29.76 0.576 12.96 11.82 0.096 41.96   42.15 0.858 30.53   30.09 0.636
Utah 20.11   21.30 0.287 8.69   10.40 0.130 25.96 29.55 0.046 20.56   20.93 0.814
Vermont 30.08   29.98 0.940 17.43   16.44 0.480 52.44   52.65 0.920 27.89   27.82 0.971
Virginia 29.87   29.33 0.703 13.37   13.02 0.772 47.85   48.04 0.915 29.13   28.40 0.686
Washington 27.40   27.40 0.997 13.17   11.66 0.210 43.97   43.29 0.730 26.46   26.72 0.871
West Virginia 39.50   40.93 0.346 19.66   19.49 0.909 56.96   55.95 0.567 38.95   40.96 0.287
Wisconsin 30.44   31.93 0.266 17.86   16.45 0.284 49.92   48.95 0.621 28.64   30.93 0.183
Wyoming 32.69   32.24 0.756 17.37   17.59 0.872 51.91 48.63 0.094 31.14   31.04 0.954

61025

Table C.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 25.16   24.90 0.375 12.03 11.33 0.000 39.88 39.27 0.039 24.39   24.23 0.694
Northeast 24.67   24.46 0.677 12.11   11.64 0.211 41.10   40.58 0.393 23.63   23.50 0.834
Midwest 27.64   27.46 0.628 13.60 12.56 0.001 44.38   43.71 0.158 26.57   26.58 0.984
South 26.64   26.16 0.214 12.38 11.47 0.002 39.84   39.28 0.253 26.28   25.87 0.394
West 20.78   20.72 0.893 9.96   9.75 0.576 34.59   33.90 0.273 19.84   19.91 0.898
                         
Alabama 27.71   27.07 0.644 13.48   12.43 0.376 39.63   38.87 0.676 27.49   26.94 0.753
Alaska 25.54   24.58 0.442 13.15 10.75 0.037 42.66   41.26 0.449 24.63   23.85 0.629
Arizona 24.83   22.73 0.125 11.96   11.07 0.502 36.64   35.21 0.447 24.56   22.14 0.164
Arkansas 30.02   28.00 0.145 14.21   13.08 0.365 46.46   43.36 0.110 29.22   27.25 0.257
California 17.82   18.28 0.487 8.69   8.97 0.614 31.42   30.35 0.283 16.70   17.49 0.357
Colorado 26.49 22.58 0.002 13.14   12.15 0.365 43.95   40.87 0.141 25.24 20.79 0.005
Connecticut 23.62   23.06 0.687 13.96   12.93 0.357 41.32   41.72 0.823 22.24   21.55 0.692
Delaware 24.89   25.65 0.569 13.05   12.19 0.468 41.00   39.14 0.326 23.63   25.01 0.405
District of Columbia 25.91   25.44 0.728 6.71   7.14 0.606 31.41 34.76 0.088 26.59   25.49 0.505
Florida 24.02   24.30 0.695 10.63   10.10 0.368 35.57   36.04 0.639 23.94   24.26 0.716
Georgia 25.91   24.69 0.301 11.99   10.85 0.306 35.78   35.20 0.764 26.12   24.75 0.358
Hawaii 20.34   19.45 0.489 8.96   7.72 0.164 35.98   35.71 0.894 19.39   18.41 0.544
Idaho 22.56   23.44 0.459 11.82   10.63 0.281 39.90   40.28 0.844 20.67   21.94 0.405
Illinois 27.12   27.03 0.896 11.06   10.60 0.443 43.73   43.19 0.597 26.39   26.44 0.958
Indiana 27.40   27.96 0.671 12.59   12.28 0.771 42.48   42.18 0.876 26.73   27.59 0.601
Iowa 27.14   25.73 0.272 13.21   12.17 0.396 44.09   42.51 0.394 25.75   24.34 0.370
Kansas 27.87   27.64 0.867 14.89   13.53 0.270 42.90   42.82 0.966 26.79   26.66 0.937
Kentucky 33.31   31.47 0.224 18.82   17.17 0.202 48.70   45.78 0.133 32.51   30.85 0.376
Louisiana 28.61   27.89 0.578 12.79 9.95 0.007 40.61   38.98 0.389 28.56   28.28 0.867
Maine 26.57   26.58 0.993 13.87   15.21 0.287 45.73   46.24 0.790 25.22   24.91 0.845
Maryland 23.05   22.56 0.675 10.54   10.55 0.997 35.50   36.30 0.666 22.78   22.00 0.605
Massachusetts 21.89   23.11 0.341 10.71   10.62 0.933 40.33   40.06 0.883 20.28   21.89 0.311
Michigan 27.82   28.13 0.687 13.38 12.24 0.074 44.15   45.24 0.297 27.02   27.40 0.696
Minnesota 24.96   24.98 0.983 13.17   12.85 0.779 46.79   46.34 0.809 22.60   22.71 0.943
Mississippi 28.03   26.61 0.268 12.44   11.14 0.230 41.57 38.26 0.059 27.64   26.55 0.508
Missouri 30.61   29.90 0.584 17.14   15.81 0.288 45.50   44.84 0.727 29.79   29.11 0.685
Montana 26.13   27.12 0.489 15.41   14.68 0.563 42.45   41.78 0.718 24.62   26.06 0.436
Nebraska 24.22   24.50 0.831 13.64   12.75 0.421 43.21 39.97 0.088 22.01   23.10 0.501
Nevada 26.56   26.57 0.994 11.01   10.64 0.720 36.16   38.78 0.170 27.11   26.75 0.835
New Hampshire 24.62   23.02 0.209 12.73   11.00 0.124 41.04   40.87 0.927 23.62   21.78 0.244
New Jersey 22.70   22.11 0.647 11.70   11.20 0.652 38.02   37.58 0.818 21.90   21.25 0.683
New Mexico 23.64   23.63 0.994 13.01   11.70 0.272 37.78   39.66 0.332 22.58   22.33 0.881
New York 24.85   24.53 0.692 11.04   10.71 0.582 39.91   39.53 0.723 24.11   23.81 0.770
North Carolina 27.12   26.90 0.885 14.18   13.87 0.777 44.46   44.14 0.868 25.93   25.78 0.938
North Dakota 27.53   26.09 0.234 16.82 13.78 0.009 43.47   42.52 0.612 25.62   24.26 0.383
Ohio 29.25   28.15 0.146 14.13 12.82 0.045 44.32   43.15 0.230 28.69   27.62 0.271
Oklahoma 30.77   28.96 0.206 15.65   14.87 0.544 46.88   44.15 0.166 29.75   27.93 0.305
Oregon 24.44   25.19 0.539 11.63   11.22 0.709 39.30   41.41 0.262 23.55   24.21 0.668
Pennsylvania 27.12   26.90 0.779 13.73   13.08 0.298 44.53   43.25 0.221 25.99   25.99 0.998
Rhode Island 26.11   24.81 0.306 13.09   12.02 0.351 40.40   39.63 0.700 25.12   23.75 0.387
South Carolina 26.93   28.69 0.176 12.09   11.95 0.894 42.85   41.96 0.642 26.15   28.62 0.131
South Dakota 30.15 26.24 0.003 17.27   15.52 0.211 49.56 43.43 0.002 28.18 24.33 0.022
Tennessee 28.02   29.64 0.251 13.36   13.40 0.975 38.49 43.88 0.006 28.10   29.27 0.501
Texas 26.15   25.11 0.137 11.17 9.89 0.034 37.90   37.00 0.374 26.18   25.12 0.249
Utah 17.63   19.12 0.148 6.81 8.68 0.064 25.47   27.82 0.140 17.41   18.55 0.439
Vermont 25.30   25.37 0.958 14.23   13.76 0.705 46.33   45.81 0.793 23.13   23.35 0.889
Virginia 25.38   24.79 0.648 11.99   11.08 0.421 42.99   41.74 0.493 24.28   23.80 0.768
Washington 23.76   24.02 0.830 10.69   9.20 0.156 40.37   38.84 0.411 22.65   23.41 0.618
West Virginia 32.06   32.38 0.830 16.69   16.03 0.634 50.09   47.65 0.175 30.91   31.79 0.624
Wisconsin 25.78   27.13 0.277 15.27 12.95 0.053 45.78   43.95 0.310 23.60   25.99 0.128
Wyoming 25.54   25.50 0.974 13.61   13.98 0.756 42.41   39.72 0.169 23.97   24.30 0.842

61025

Table C.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 72.83 74.35 0.000 65.87 67.94 0.000 67.81 69.82 0.000 74.67 76.02 0.000
Northeast 73.40 75.38 0.000 65.46 67.82 0.000 68.27 69.59 0.035 75.24 77.28 0.000
Midwest 70.92 72.00 0.006 65.43 66.87 0.004 65.15 66.96 0.001 72.73 73.61 0.066
South 72.03 73.57 0.000 65.43 67.54 0.000 67.35 69.44 0.000 73.76 75.12 0.003
West 75.54 77.04 0.001 67.28 69.66 0.000 70.82 73.41 0.000 77.60 78.78 0.037
                         
Alabama 70.45   72.34 0.187 63.65 66.75 0.086 66.01 69.22 0.072 72.16   73.64 0.406
Alaska 71.23   71.55 0.810 68.59   69.48 0.616 66.88   67.32 0.801 72.54   72.75 0.899
Arizona 74.23 76.90 0.050 65.32   66.39 0.602 70.71   70.36 0.845 76.16 79.59 0.046
Arkansas 71.11   71.96 0.530 64.12   64.59 0.790 63.75   66.01 0.215 73.38   74.01 0.710
California 77.13   78.07 0.169 66.88 69.48 0.010 72.50 75.40 0.002 79.50   79.85 0.678
Colorado 72.10 75.48 0.008 66.78   69.31 0.168 64.12 70.20 0.002 74.24 77.26 0.052
Connecticut 73.14 75.45 0.094 66.44   68.69 0.192 68.41 72.67 0.016 74.72   76.77 0.228
Delaware 74.52   76.21 0.194 67.68 71.47 0.034 68.45 73.30 0.005 76.46   77.32 0.600
District of Columbia 76.51   78.22 0.179 63.92   66.72 0.148 73.97   74.55 0.756 78.13   79.96 0.239
Florida 74.15 76.33 0.005 66.93   68.31 0.147 72.07   72.67 0.551 75.34 77.85 0.008
Georgia 73.77 76.06 0.061 68.24 72.21 0.027 71.60   73.83 0.219 74.98   77.03 0.183
Hawaii 71.98   74.32 0.138 67.50   69.88 0.185 68.44   70.24 0.349 73.08   75.50 0.211
Idaho 73.03   74.16 0.370 68.39   69.93 0.363 68.40   69.14 0.676 74.71   75.83 0.493
Illinois 71.82 74.60 0.000 65.62   67.23 0.103 67.19 69.45 0.020 73.51 76.55 0.001
Indiana 71.39   70.98 0.755 64.07   64.80 0.690 65.86   67.45 0.386 73.44   72.50 0.565
Iowa 68.34   68.58 0.856 65.11   66.18 0.567 63.48   62.99 0.791 69.67   69.92 0.885
Kansas 71.20   71.74 0.692 64.53   67.00 0.182 64.29   65.92 0.383 73.52   73.53 0.997
Kentucky 64.17   66.01 0.218 64.12   65.22 0.519 57.48 61.46 0.040 65.33   66.88 0.407
Louisiana 71.31   72.87 0.236 62.66 67.72 0.002 66.33 71.18 0.005 73.62   73.98 0.832
Maine 70.44   70.74 0.824 64.05   62.76 0.491 64.63   64.24 0.827 72.14   72.73 0.719
Maryland 75.05   76.07 0.428 69.02   71.39 0.164 68.82 72.90 0.030 76.90   77.24 0.836
Massachusetts 75.64   76.16 0.688 67.28   67.73 0.797 70.79   72.38 0.388 77.44   77.80 0.822
Michigan 71.54   72.40 0.252 66.84   67.60 0.423 65.89   67.17 0.201 73.21   74.00 0.398
Minnesota 71.70   71.97 0.833 65.93   64.25 0.334 62.14 66.08 0.035 74.23   74.08 0.930
Mississippi 71.14   72.87 0.186 63.64 67.20 0.048 66.21   68.98 0.121 73.26   74.47 0.465
Missouri 69.41   69.74 0.797 63.07 65.95 0.096 65.29   64.66 0.727 71.02   71.17 0.926
Montana 73.00   71.72 0.390 66.69   66.42 0.881 68.01   67.64 0.828 74.76   73.15 0.391
Nebraska 70.74   70.59 0.914 65.81   65.77 0.983 63.57   65.31 0.345 72.85   72.28 0.750
Nevada 74.08   74.02 0.962 67.30   66.78 0.782 68.07 71.62 0.074 75.95   75.37 0.734
New Hampshire 70.63 72.93 0.094 62.93 69.24 0.000 65.28   66.54 0.525 72.52   74.45 0.253
New Jersey 73.91   75.03 0.382 65.30 68.19 0.087 67.24 70.66 0.060 76.01   76.59 0.714
New Mexico 74.41   75.71 0.323 63.84   65.88 0.256 68.95   69.67 0.686 77.07   78.31 0.458
New York 74.28 76.53 0.003 65.69 68.29 0.010 70.13   70.25 0.911 76.07 78.63 0.006
North Carolina 68.97   70.81 0.198 64.97   66.65 0.356 63.22   66.25 0.108 70.47   72.13 0.349
North Dakota 68.67   69.09 0.770 65.49   67.99 0.174 65.62   65.93 0.874 69.75   69.89 0.939
Ohio 69.91 71.80 0.017 64.86 67.84 0.002 64.28 66.92 0.010 71.58   73.19 0.109
Oklahoma 67.81   70.00 0.123 61.95   64.22 0.212 60.52   63.59 0.110 70.02   72.02 0.274
Oregon 75.02   76.68 0.185 70.72   71.80 0.539 71.43   72.37 0.594 76.19   78.04 0.237
Pennsylvania 71.18 74.12 0.000 64.19 66.85 0.004 65.11   66.37 0.207 73.08 76.33 0.000
Rhode Island 74.67   76.49 0.173 69.16   70.08 0.622 72.76   72.83 0.962 75.72   77.97 0.174
South Carolina 70.72   70.56 0.909 64.47   64.92 0.790 63.11   63.87 0.697 72.91   72.51 0.812
South Dakota 67.08 72.37 0.000 64.01 67.81 0.035 59.70 65.00 0.004 69.00 74.47 0.001
Tennessee 70.82   71.43 0.652 66.38   65.42 0.587 65.22   65.39 0.930 72.32   73.19 0.599
Texas 73.08 74.38 0.063 63.59 66.00 0.012 68.80 70.53 0.083 75.42   76.44 0.251
Utah 75.21 78.78 0.003 73.44 77.07 0.042 73.04 77.03 0.019 76.17 79.57 0.035
Vermont 71.60 74.70 0.021 64.71   67.00 0.174 64.89   66.95 0.277 73.65 77.00 0.043
Virginia 74.05   75.00 0.473 69.67   70.63 0.577 69.35   70.20 0.620 75.41   76.38 0.558
Washington 74.00 76.58 0.034 68.14 72.47 0.012 68.57   71.60 0.102 75.73   77.98 0.127
West Virginia 67.09   68.78 0.241 60.99 65.60 0.009 59.29   61.75 0.158 69.04   70.23 0.501
Wisconsin 72.29   72.03 0.852 67.70   68.77 0.553 65.50   67.53 0.232 74.15   73.27 0.615
Wyoming 70.50   72.43 0.157 65.60 69.63 0.021 63.75   65.36 0.402 72.48   74.16 0.332

61025

Table C.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 7.62   7.71 0.428 5.95   5.78 0.231 17.32   17.47 0.617 6.15   6.27 0.435
Northeast 7.27   7.30 0.899 5.80   5.62 0.447 17.59   18.05 0.350 5.80   5.77 0.931
Midwest 8.51   8.38 0.460 6.52   6.26 0.223 19.83   20.10 0.538 6.75   6.57 0.417
South 6.96 7.28 0.053 5.24   5.23 0.953 15.48   15.47 0.977 5.69 6.13 0.042
West 8.08   8.07 0.948 6.59   6.28 0.292 17.44   17.52 0.871 6.59   6.60 0.968
                         
Alabama 5.97   6.55 0.330 4.81   5.47 0.343 13.53   12.67 0.463 4.78   5.61 0.245
Alaska 7.47   7.51 0.951 5.69   5.98 0.695 16.31   16.10 0.878 6.15   6.11 0.963
Arizona 9.52   9.00 0.482 7.49   7.08 0.656 19.27   17.77 0.326 8.05   7.69 0.697
Arkansas 6.61   6.63 0.970 5.49   5.12 0.594 16.10   15.63 0.734 5.06   5.23 0.820
California 7.61   7.77 0.664 6.36   6.08 0.502 16.59   16.74 0.843 6.16   6.39 0.615
Colorado 9.36   9.23 0.849 6.80   7.45 0.445 20.30   20.70 0.787 7.78   7.46 0.686
Connecticut 7.87   8.49 0.365 6.44   6.31 0.851 20.65   22.04 0.380 6.14   6.71 0.491
Delaware 7.03   7.02 0.996 4.87   5.00 0.852 17.32   18.56 0.396 5.52   5.28 0.727
District of Columbia 9.62   9.83 0.804 3.47   3.95 0.376 16.19   18.69 0.101 8.92   8.80 0.907
Florida 7.09 8.02 0.014 5.62   5.76 0.733 16.51   16.94 0.568 5.87 6.96 0.019
Georgia 6.12   5.97 0.799 4.13   4.31 0.763 12.61   11.87 0.548 5.22   5.13 0.903
Hawaii 7.38   6.84 0.438 6.89 5.37 0.055 17.87   17.51 0.821 5.84   5.38 0.574
Idaho 7.99   7.82 0.802 7.28   7.05 0.795 16.40   16.34 0.967 6.37   6.19 0.828
Illinois 8.88   8.40 0.203 6.02   5.80 0.608 20.70   19.95 0.378 7.16   6.70 0.321
Indiana 7.51   7.87 0.536 5.64   5.93 0.648 18.00   18.26 0.857 5.85   6.26 0.544
Iowa 9.42   8.75 0.303 7.31   7.48 0.856 23.33   23.30 0.984 7.07   6.23 0.285
Kansas 8.15   8.86 0.272 7.13   7.61 0.567 20.67   20.55 0.935 5.84   6.76 0.237
Kentucky 6.45   6.78 0.545 5.43   6.10 0.349 14.10   14.16 0.962 5.26   5.62 0.586
Louisiana 7.89   7.61 0.653 5.96   5.09 0.154 15.89   14.21 0.201 6.57   6.64 0.928
Maine 7.59   7.31 0.659 6.48   6.72 0.765 17.79   16.57 0.378 6.15   5.94 0.767
Maryland 7.40   6.84 0.389 5.10   5.05 0.941 16.82   15.13 0.248 6.19   5.74 0.555
Massachusetts 8.45   7.96 0.477 6.58   5.32 0.117 19.83   19.42 0.777 6.84   6.43 0.611
Michigan 7.56   7.88 0.379 6.02   5.57 0.249 17.24 18.89 0.039 6.08   6.28 0.644
Minnesota 8.76   8.76 0.996 6.71   6.10 0.432 20.57   19.60 0.518 6.90   7.14 0.765
Mississippi 6.41   6.62 0.704 4.03   4.48 0.452 13.45   13.50 0.974 5.35   5.57 0.743
Missouri 8.97   8.93 0.946 7.10   7.04 0.942 19.39   20.95 0.289 7.36   7.03 0.653
Montana 9.81   9.94 0.868 10.39   9.01 0.211 22.43 25.60 0.047 7.45   7.21 0.800
Nebraska 9.30   9.47 0.797 8.18   7.47 0.436 22.29   23.63 0.410 6.92   6.99 0.931
Nevada 8.23   8.39 0.816 6.69   6.23 0.610 18.03   19.68 0.265 6.88   6.86 0.985
New Hampshire 7.77   7.76 0.982 6.23   6.04 0.813 20.70   21.19 0.764 5.92   5.84 0.905
New Jersey 6.49   6.52 0.957 5.56   5.68 0.859 15.27   15.51 0.853 5.33   5.29 0.955
New Mexico 9.81 8.57 0.074 8.04   6.65 0.121 21.09 18.67 0.099 7.94   6.93 0.237
New York 6.71   6.90 0.590 5.49   5.38 0.791 15.76   16.95 0.158 5.36   5.42 0.883
North Carolina 5.97 6.94 0.099 4.50   5.29 0.241 13.94   14.66 0.587 4.83   5.87 0.137
North Dakota 10.48   9.80 0.329 9.15   8.23 0.351 27.29 24.19 0.068 7.13   7.03 0.903
Ohio 7.30   7.26 0.914 5.61   5.41 0.597 17.20   18.05 0.285 5.81   5.64 0.697
Oklahoma 7.42   7.88 0.442 6.81   6.25 0.491 17.35   18.55 0.409 5.59   6.04 0.510
Oregon 8.27   7.74 0.400 6.54   6.31 0.781 18.41   17.94 0.756 6.76   6.19 0.427
Pennsylvania 7.56   7.57 0.994 5.63   5.65 0.974 19.07   19.03 0.957 5.92   5.93 0.990
Rhode Island 9.59 8.26 0.049 6.89   5.89 0.197 21.83   19.99 0.255 7.68   6.44 0.115
South Carolina 8.26   7.79 0.473 5.20   4.61 0.323 17.51 13.60 0.011 7.05   7.20 0.851
South Dakota 10.20   9.35 0.248 9.67   8.15 0.111 24.25   22.59 0.279 7.48   6.89 0.506
Tennessee 6.32   6.67 0.517 4.69   4.81 0.840 13.57   14.83 0.370 5.31   5.54 0.717
Texas 7.34   7.72 0.266 5.54   5.25 0.477 15.71   16.28 0.444 5.96   6.41 0.309
Utah 6.32   7.26 0.110 4.67   5.23 0.429 11.57 14.15 0.039 5.15   5.71 0.455
Vermont 7.93   8.67 0.256 6.46   6.43 0.965 20.10 22.71 0.091 6.02   6.55 0.488
Virginia 7.22   7.38 0.785 5.36   5.01 0.611 17.97   18.27 0.837 5.70   5.89 0.779
Washington 8.35   8.26 0.890 6.54   5.74 0.320 18.94   18.78 0.913 6.76   6.77 0.990
West Virginia 7.27   6.99 0.583 6.58   6.49 0.912 17.69   18.18 0.712 5.67   5.28 0.523
Wisconsin 11.32 10.14 0.099 8.72   8.05 0.451 24.61   24.12 0.746 9.27   7.90 0.121
Wyoming 9.39   9.35 0.958 7.86   8.10 0.776 21.04   20.31 0.633 7.37   7.43 0.947

61025

Table C.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 3.33   3.38 0.566 2.08   2.14 0.519 6.96   7.21 0.110 2.86   2.87 0.926
Northeast 3.25   3.22 0.822 1.95   2.00 0.709 7.07   7.22 0.598 2.80   2.72 0.679
Midwest 3.55   3.54 0.901 2.18   2.24 0.670 7.74   7.94 0.407 2.99   2.93 0.649
South 3.05   3.17 0.244 1.84   1.96 0.340 6.25   6.52 0.215 2.65   2.75 0.463
West 3.62   3.66 0.764 2.46   2.45 0.933 7.22   7.54 0.347 3.13   3.13 0.965
                         
Alabama 2.93   3.11 0.593 1.92   2.43 0.215 6.28   6.19 0.900 2.46   2.66 0.637
Alaska 3.43   3.62 0.667 2.33   2.48 0.749 6.51   6.64 0.870 3.06   3.24 0.749
Arizona 4.07   4.11 0.932 2.87   2.68 0.740 8.60   8.24 0.701 3.43   3.57 0.802
Arkansas 2.93   2.99 0.846 1.92   1.72 0.586 6.57   6.49 0.926 2.41   2.54 0.763
California 3.47   3.61 0.571 2.36   2.43 0.791 6.47   7.15 0.208 3.09   3.14 0.860
Colorado 3.94   3.97 0.947 2.59   3.00 0.420 8.98   9.51 0.587 3.24   3.13 0.815
Connecticut 3.47   3.48 0.983 1.97   2.02 0.917 7.54   8.07 0.559 3.06   2.97 0.851
Delaware 2.86   2.75 0.736 1.79   1.76 0.943 6.00   5.83 0.836 2.46   2.34 0.768
District of Columbia 4.95   5.31 0.523 1.35   1.58 0.513 7.19 8.86 0.060 4.85   5.03 0.794
Florida 3.05   3.27 0.316 1.81   1.91 0.664 6.76   7.19 0.382 2.65   2.85 0.464
Georgia 2.75   2.77 0.952 1.48   1.63 0.628 4.93   4.75 0.800 2.53   2.57 0.927
Hawaii 3.38   3.33 0.919 2.92   2.35 0.291 7.21   7.93 0.465 2.85   2.75 0.846
Idaho 3.59   3.30 0.457 2.75   2.41 0.428 7.44   7.23 0.808 2.93   2.63 0.516
Illinois 3.78   3.73 0.859 2.08   2.17 0.732 8.32   8.19 0.805 3.20   3.16 0.886
Indiana 3.32   3.39 0.817 2.17   2.29 0.768 7.54   7.76 0.796 2.71   2.75 0.901
Iowa 3.57   3.73 0.635 2.40   2.76 0.441 8.56   9.35 0.381 2.78   2.81 0.931
Kansas 3.27   3.71 0.212 2.41   2.87 0.262 7.46   8.30 0.386 2.57   2.94 0.352
Kentucky 2.87   3.05 0.579 1.78   2.43 0.134 6.01   6.18 0.828 2.46   2.60 0.731
Louisiana 3.42   3.14 0.431 1.81   1.60 0.525 6.55   5.54 0.238 3.03   2.88 0.734
Maine 3.49   3.17 0.385 2.52   2.43 0.848 8.21   7.18 0.223 2.88   2.64 0.562
Maryland 3.54   3.01 0.168 1.94   1.93 0.961 6.37   5.59 0.344 3.30   2.74 0.213
Massachusetts 3.86   3.73 0.757 2.30   1.86 0.315 8.26   8.92 0.455 3.34   3.12 0.658
Michigan 3.21   3.37 0.489 2.12   2.12 0.998 7.10   7.43 0.512 2.68   2.84 0.585
Minnesota 3.69   3.58 0.790 2.32   2.14 0.675 8.20   7.93 0.764 3.05   2.98 0.880
Mississippi 3.19   3.41 0.534 1.60   1.89 0.422 5.29   6.32 0.212 3.01   3.06 0.901
Missouri 3.69   3.52 0.619 2.29   2.14 0.695 7.11   7.70 0.516 3.27   2.95 0.438
Montana 3.95   4.01 0.894 3.50   3.03 0.458 9.04   9.52 0.646 3.09   3.13 0.935
Nebraska 3.62   3.65 0.930 2.51   2.40 0.826 8.35   9.51 0.202 2.86   2.69 0.678
Nevada 3.55   3.65 0.794 2.33   2.38 0.918 7.86   8.26 0.660 3.02   3.08 0.898
New Hampshire 3.10   3.20 0.753 2.05   2.09 0.915 7.57   8.22 0.476 2.53   2.55 0.959
New Jersey 2.70   2.84 0.690 1.83   2.07 0.515 5.92   5.96 0.965 2.34   2.47 0.744
New Mexico 4.16   3.85 0.470 3.01   2.50 0.265 8.76   7.55 0.187 3.46   3.34 0.822
New York 3.20   3.12 0.766 1.84   1.93 0.697 6.45   6.67 0.651 2.83   2.69 0.648
North Carolina 2.78 3.42 0.094 1.58   1.96 0.280 5.62   6.77 0.175 2.46   3.05 0.177
North Dakota 3.80   3.96 0.665 2.47   2.70 0.634 8.90   9.41 0.622 2.90   2.99 0.831
Ohio 3.22   3.12 0.648 1.89   1.97 0.732 7.13   7.16 0.955 2.72   2.57 0.576
Oklahoma 3.38   3.41 0.922 2.41   2.32 0.832 7.49   7.73 0.783 2.72   2.72 0.985
Oregon 3.89   3.66 0.509 2.46   2.69 0.624 8.27   8.85 0.525 3.33   2.90 0.298
Pennsylvania 3.25   3.21 0.871 1.91   2.05 0.567 7.71   7.50 0.660 2.69   2.65 0.909
Rhode Island 3.83   3.72 0.791 2.03   2.08 0.894 8.24   8.51 0.787 3.25   3.06 0.707
South Carolina 3.74   3.42 0.397 2.09   2.17 0.824 7.04   6.40 0.467 3.38   3.06 0.472
South Dakota 4.56   3.95 0.169 3.48   2.96 0.363 8.70   9.00 0.755 3.89   3.08 0.139
Tennessee 2.76   2.88 0.698 1.65   1.82 0.615 5.44   5.89 0.558 2.45   2.51 0.880
Texas 2.95   3.16 0.349 1.94   1.95 0.962 6.19   6.72 0.282 2.47   2.64 0.536
Utah 3.20   3.58 0.321 2.04   2.10 0.893 5.14   5.72 0.446 2.86   3.25 0.425
Vermont 3.54   3.76 0.521 2.42   2.14 0.520 7.34   8.46 0.202 3.03   3.16 0.738
Virginia 3.09   3.31 0.515 2.01   2.04 0.946 6.89   7.58 0.388 2.61   2.77 0.683
Washington 3.68   3.48 0.589 2.31   1.85 0.299 8.53   7.49 0.251 3.03   3.00 0.942
West Virginia 3.09   3.08 0.966 2.27   2.45 0.638 7.84   8.45 0.470 2.42   2.30 0.739
Wisconsin 4.31   4.10 0.545 2.34   2.51 0.696 8.35   8.39 0.965 3.84   3.54 0.450
Wyoming 3.54   3.32 0.512 2.64   2.51 0.751 7.50   7.08 0.628 2.91   2.71 0.601

61025

Table C.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 2.96   2.92 0.585 5.25 5.01 0.080 8.09 8.37 0.093 1.74   1.68 0.437
Northeast 2.94   2.94 0.956 5.21   5.22 0.974 8.87   9.31 0.187 1.69   1.62 0.544
Midwest 2.90   2.84 0.493 5.40 4.83 0.005 7.91   8.08 0.481 1.65   1.63 0.834
South 2.90   2.90 0.992 4.97   4.82 0.450 7.63 8.09 0.069 1.78   1.72 0.558
West 3.12   3.02 0.372 5.54   5.29 0.333 8.38   8.36 0.973 1.80   1.71 0.477
                         
Alabama 2.94   3.00 0.813 5.20   5.02 0.760 7.52   8.41 0.295 1.81   1.77 0.910
Alaska 3.35   3.40 0.877 6.17   5.48 0.413 8.95   8.69 0.769 1.79   1.98 0.528
Arizona 3.06   2.85 0.449 6.88   6.64 0.800 7.74   7.46 0.784 1.66   1.47 0.522
Arkansas 3.14   3.24 0.702 5.04   5.75 0.350 8.68   9.86 0.220 1.89   1.72 0.590
California 3.14   3.02 0.497 5.46   5.26 0.590 8.37   8.21 0.781 1.84   1.74 0.609
Colorado 3.32   3.34 0.950 5.24   5.44 0.762 9.51   10.24 0.528 1.97   1.84 0.694
Connecticut 3.02   3.37 0.237 5.34   5.99 0.376 10.35 12.89 0.032 1.63   1.58 0.874
Delaware 2.98   3.11 0.630 4.81   5.13 0.653 8.46   9.38 0.368 1.79   1.77 0.938
District of Columbia 3.46   3.77 0.442 3.95   4.02 0.900 8.30   8.68 0.698 2.49   2.86 0.420
Florida 2.76   2.87 0.540 4.91   5.20 0.495 7.78   8.56 0.175 1.76   1.74 0.931
Georgia 2.82   2.71 0.730 4.56   4.09 0.443 6.29   6.94 0.466 1.93   1.74 0.575
Hawaii 2.83   2.68 0.630 5.88 4.38 0.046 7.18   6.60 0.578 1.78   1.86 0.842
Idaho 2.75   2.87 0.638 5.56   5.22 0.653 6.73   8.02 0.177 1.49   1.46 0.900
Illinois 2.90   2.82 0.644 4.95 4.17 0.054 8.16   7.74 0.428 1.67   1.75 0.677
Indiana 3.02   2.89 0.652 4.85   5.17 0.614 8.74   8.21 0.599 1.71   1.60 0.717
Iowa 2.73 2.30 0.089 4.35   4.05 0.632 7.35   6.24 0.166 1.65   1.36 0.278
Kansas 2.69   2.88 0.492 4.80   5.07 0.658 7.19   7.63 0.618 1.50   1.65 0.621
Kentucky 3.09   2.94 0.601 4.85   4.37 0.486 8.21   7.75 0.564 1.98   1.94 0.912
Louisiana 3.32   3.06 0.407 4.84   4.62 0.731 8.06   7.49 0.523 2.13   1.93 0.574
Maine 3.17   3.34 0.542 6.07   6.79 0.370 10.36   11.54 0.294 1.70   1.64 0.816
Maryland 2.88   2.72 0.579 4.62   4.66 0.952 8.72   7.69 0.300 1.68   1.64 0.886
Massachusetts 3.40   3.16 0.379 5.78   5.47 0.671 11.12   10.37 0.505 1.87   1.70 0.579
Michigan 3.07   3.12 0.734 6.11 4.82 0.002 7.91 9.63 0.002 1.78   1.74 0.835
Minnesota 2.82   2.81 0.965 5.08   4.44 0.347 7.92   8.45 0.572 1.59   1.56 0.940
Mississippi 2.73   2.91 0.543 4.49   4.28 0.727 6.47   7.35 0.301 1.72   1.82 0.725
Missouri 3.01   3.00 0.977 5.79   5.67 0.866 8.94   9.56 0.508 1.57   1.47 0.708
Montana 2.98   2.98 0.994 6.29   5.84 0.593 8.76   9.47 0.422 1.48   1.42 0.843
Nebraska 2.88   2.56 0.212 5.34   4.55 0.250 7.87   7.41 0.599 1.55   1.34 0.430
Nevada 2.75   2.62 0.635 5.19   4.44 0.263 6.84   6.70 0.880 1.77   1.73 0.886
New Hampshire 3.17   2.86 0.262 6.08   5.61 0.568 9.82   9.04 0.488 1.72   1.50 0.419
New Jersey 2.76   2.61 0.558 5.50   5.22 0.671 8.27   8.31 0.971 1.59   1.42 0.517
New Mexico 3.71 3.03 0.027 6.72   5.71 0.199 10.45 8.57 0.086 1.97   1.58 0.218
New York 2.93   3.03 0.543 4.99   5.23 0.558 8.37   8.81 0.468 1.76   1.79 0.858
North Carolina 2.90   2.99 0.756 4.68   5.01 0.599 7.26   8.16 0.304 1.93   1.85 0.796
North Dakota 2.74   2.36 0.124 5.81 4.56 0.086 7.04   6.00 0.205 1.43   1.32 0.679
Ohio 2.76   2.73 0.870 5.39   4.87 0.231 7.48   7.51 0.950 1.58   1.61 0.858
Oklahoma 3.05   3.00 0.854 6.17   5.87 0.668 7.73   7.85 0.905 1.72   1.68 0.890
Oregon 2.98   2.91 0.797 5.50   5.71 0.783 8.37   9.17 0.444 1.73   1.49 0.366
Pennsylvania 2.69   2.70 0.945 4.73   4.54 0.597 7.96   8.70 0.159 1.56   1.48 0.648
Rhode Island 3.49   3.58 0.790 6.05   6.32 0.735 10.32   12.30 0.129 1.92   1.66 0.410
South Carolina 2.92   2.96 0.874 4.91   4.58 0.586 7.69   7.57 0.902 1.80   1.93 0.676
South Dakota 2.53   2.54 0.939 5.14   5.47 0.651 6.10   6.69 0.454 1.43   1.31 0.627
Tennessee 2.77   3.15 0.165 4.78   5.05 0.683 7.10 9.42 0.021 1.79   1.86 0.805
Texas 2.87   2.80 0.706 5.30   4.76 0.205 7.41   7.99 0.282 1.58   1.47 0.559
Utah 3.21   3.51 0.333 4.71   5.24 0.474 7.07   8.30 0.175 1.83   1.87 0.893
Vermont 3.24   3.07 0.549 5.98   5.58 0.585 10.89   10.44 0.721 1.57   1.49 0.768
Virginia 2.95   2.76 0.497 4.84   4.48 0.592 8.60   7.84 0.414 1.76   1.69 0.806
Washington 3.09   3.05 0.888 4.88   4.15 0.318 9.24   8.97 0.791 1.78   1.88 0.757
West Virginia 2.95   2.88 0.770 5.33   5.62 0.700 9.42   9.91 0.614 1.64   1.47 0.521
Wisconsin 2.98   2.88 0.683 6.53   5.75 0.312 7.35   7.24 0.896 1.71   1.71 0.974
Wyoming 2.86   2.93 0.788 5.33   5.44 0.875 7.95   8.26 0.756 1.55   1.58 0.884

61025

Table C.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 1.93   1.98 0.377 2.85   2.80 0.611 5.38 5.70 0.023 1.20   1.21 0.809
Northeast 1.91   2.01 0.262 2.78   2.95 0.317 5.77 6.29 0.071 1.18   1.20 0.853
Midwest 1.87   1.91 0.633 2.88 2.57 0.023 5.10   5.39 0.143 1.15   1.19 0.642
South 1.88   1.92 0.556 2.70   2.62 0.522 4.96 5.30 0.073 1.22   1.23 0.944
West 2.08   2.11 0.704 3.10   3.17 0.700 6.01   6.16 0.651 1.21   1.22 0.923
                         
Alabama 1.82   1.98 0.488 3.08   3.09 0.973 4.73   5.65 0.197 1.14   1.17 0.875
Alaska 2.16   2.39 0.333 3.11   3.06 0.934 6.08   6.43 0.639 1.26   1.48 0.423
Arizona 1.93   1.84 0.697 3.74   3.69 0.935 5.57   5.07 0.540 1.00   0.99 0.962
Arkansas 2.13   2.24 0.597 3.15   3.40 0.641 5.67   6.54 0.251 1.35   1.31 0.868
California 2.11   2.12 0.922 3.15   3.28 0.653 6.25   6.23 0.971 1.20   1.20 0.999
Colorado 2.13   2.39 0.285 3.04   3.33 0.568 5.76   7.34 0.103 1.37   1.40 0.905
Connecticut 1.93 2.34 0.088 2.77   3.45 0.187 6.31 8.83 0.014 1.16   1.20 0.872
Delaware 1.98   2.16 0.366 2.80   2.73 0.896 5.94   7.13 0.162 1.18   1.23 0.816
District of Columbia 2.52   2.77 0.509 2.08   1.93 0.678 6.06   6.01 0.958 1.88   2.27 0.386
Florida 1.78   1.84 0.661 2.52   2.49 0.909 4.99   5.61 0.161 1.21   1.20 0.915
Georgia 1.78   1.87 0.684 2.42   2.37 0.908 3.67   4.87 0.112 1.34   1.25 0.724
Hawaii 1.84   1.81 0.891 2.65   2.26 0.426 5.61   5.09 0.554 1.16   1.24 0.779
Idaho 1.73   1.80 0.725 3.07   2.73 0.476 4.16   5.02 0.269 1.02   1.01 0.926
Illinois 1.91   1.91 0.997 2.80 2.19 0.053 5.07   5.10 0.941 1.23   1.31 0.627
Indiana 2.02   2.00 0.919 2.77   2.96 0.667 5.75   5.84 0.915 1.23   1.16 0.767
Iowa 1.68   1.51 0.368 2.35   2.44 0.864 4.13   3.69 0.434 1.13   0.99 0.516
Kansas 1.80   1.94 0.532 2.41   2.38 0.932 5.03   5.33 0.658 1.09   1.22 0.587
Kentucky 2.16   2.07 0.675 2.93   2.76 0.752 5.55   5.23 0.636 1.48   1.44 0.878
Louisiana 2.29   2.07 0.410 2.47   2.43 0.931 5.38   4.85 0.457 1.64   1.46 0.555
Maine 1.92   2.18 0.218 3.25   3.72 0.379 6.25   7.65 0.124 1.09   1.14 0.804
Maryland 1.91   1.92 0.975 2.64   2.55 0.845 5.80   5.57 0.759 1.18   1.23 0.809
Massachusetts 2.29   2.21 0.757 3.00   2.82 0.706 7.79   7.30 0.617 1.31   1.31 0.993
Michigan 2.04   2.19 0.267 3.25 2.61 0.027 5.66 7.06 0.003 1.23   1.27 0.760
Minnesota 1.85   1.84 0.993 2.68   2.25 0.360 5.62   5.83 0.794 1.04   1.06 0.923
Mississippi 1.74   2.00 0.230 2.52   2.49 0.955 4.14 5.47 0.067 1.14   1.24 0.680
Missouri 1.86   1.83 0.890 3.12   2.95 0.723 5.29   5.19 0.890 1.07   1.08 0.974
Montana 1.85   1.94 0.658 3.00   2.88 0.818 5.36   5.99 0.393 1.06   1.08 0.914
Nebraska 1.91   1.87 0.850 2.93   2.73 0.684 5.22   5.40 0.800 1.11   1.06 0.796
Nevada 1.78   1.85 0.749 2.74   2.36 0.374 4.56   4.94 0.622 1.20   1.28 0.747
New Hampshire 2.11   1.88 0.284 2.91   3.08 0.737 6.45   5.60 0.377 1.32   1.12 0.371
New Jersey 1.73   1.78 0.788 2.82   3.02 0.649 5.39   5.73 0.685 1.05   1.03 0.916
New Mexico 2.34   2.10 0.279 3.73   3.44 0.582 7.15   6.18 0.242 1.22   1.12 0.698
New York 1.96   2.10 0.361 2.77   3.11 0.251 5.68   5.98 0.529 1.24   1.33 0.615
North Carolina 1.88   1.94 0.769 2.63   2.66 0.938 4.48   4.80 0.615 1.34   1.36 0.916
North Dakota 1.69   1.62 0.734 3.16   2.47 0.162 4.29   4.01 0.677 0.95   1.02 0.720
Ohio 1.76   1.85 0.506 2.86   2.66 0.475 4.65   4.99 0.393 1.11   1.20 0.576
Oklahoma 2.00   2.08 0.744 3.27   3.27 0.999 5.46   5.56 0.905 1.16   1.24 0.721
Oregon 2.15   2.05 0.681 2.64   3.11 0.321 6.35   6.45 0.908 1.36   1.17 0.421
Pennsylvania 1.68   1.78 0.434 2.56   2.46 0.699 4.68 5.60 0.036 1.08   1.06 0.933
Rhode Island 2.41   2.48 0.780 2.93   3.02 0.848 6.65 8.40 0.079 1.56   1.34 0.419
South Carolina 1.73   1.85 0.554 2.50   2.36 0.715 4.37   4.73 0.565 1.16   1.27 0.626
South Dakota 1.68   1.67 0.953 2.79   3.12 0.500 3.90   3.95 0.924 1.07   1.01 0.771
Tennessee 1.83   2.09 0.182 2.81   3.03 0.653 4.53   5.51 0.188 1.25   1.39 0.487
Texas 1.83   1.81 0.843 2.88   2.62 0.372 5.09   5.03 0.882 1.02   1.04 0.891
Utah 2.04   2.33 0.209 2.59   2.95 0.432 4.58   5.63 0.123 1.22   1.31 0.701
Vermont 2.14   2.23 0.675 2.92   3.00 0.871 7.10   7.83 0.484 1.18   1.18 0.975
Virginia 1.94   1.89 0.815 2.47   2.28 0.659 5.57   5.55 0.968 1.28   1.23 0.865
Washington 2.17   2.31 0.536 2.71   2.62 0.849 6.66   6.93 0.752 1.32   1.47 0.550
West Virginia 1.93   1.86 0.738 3.05   2.85 0.655 6.09   6.45 0.656 1.13   1.03 0.625
Wisconsin 1.74   1.78 0.855 2.99   2.65 0.472 4.55   4.57 0.971 1.07   1.16 0.663
Wyoming 1.88   1.94 0.756 2.88   2.95 0.877 4.96   5.40 0.560 1.15   1.15 0.986

61025

Table C.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 9.22   9.25 0.838 8.85 8.44 0.017 21.15   21.50 0.214 7.18   7.20 0.867
Northeast 8.93   8.94 0.983 8.80   8.49 0.308 21.62 22.57 0.067 6.91   6.79 0.674
Midwest 9.95   9.77 0.337 9.42 8.76 0.009 23.38   23.57 0.653 7.61   7.43 0.462
South 8.59   8.84 0.165 8.09   7.91 0.486 19.32   19.68 0.358 6.77   7.06 0.205
West 9.73   9.62 0.675 9.49 8.89 0.085 21.38   21.46 0.885 7.63   7.57 0.845
                         
Alabama 7.41   7.96 0.391 7.32   7.92 0.450 17.07   17.29 0.860 5.69   6.31 0.423
Alaska 9.77   9.79 0.973 9.28   9.00 0.794 21.33   20.70 0.675 7.69   7.80 0.905
Arizona 10.92   10.31 0.429 10.98   10.51 0.692 22.43   20.95 0.354 8.83   8.36 0.607
Arkansas 8.29   8.49 0.756 8.46   8.87 0.678 20.51   20.68 0.910 6.08   6.25 0.819
California 9.30   9.31 0.971 9.22   8.56 0.213 20.72   20.74 0.985 7.23   7.35 0.801
Colorado 10.99   10.98 0.988 9.19   10.22 0.337 24.61   25.26 0.699 8.84   8.57 0.753
Connecticut 9.56   10.28 0.315 9.57   9.85 0.771 24.79   27.62 0.101 7.29   7.69 0.640
Delaware 8.70   8.75 0.942 7.56   8.09 0.583 21.15   23.64 0.104 6.69   6.26 0.545
District of Columbia 11.38   11.55 0.853 5.77   6.28 0.504 19.85   21.94 0.229 10.27   10.18 0.927
Florida 8.66 9.47 0.045 8.32   8.76 0.399 20.49   21.32 0.334 6.95 7.78 0.094
Georgia 8.06   7.70 0.571 7.01   6.62 0.641 17.07   16.22 0.535 6.56   6.30 0.728
Hawaii 8.83   8.00 0.251 10.03 7.23 0.004 22.08   20.73 0.431 6.66   6.14 0.543
Idaho 9.04   9.09 0.939 9.91   9.27 0.527 18.53   19.38 0.566 6.95   6.96 0.990
Illinois 10.29   9.69 0.126 8.61 7.72 0.082 24.79   23.62 0.176 7.93   7.49 0.351
Indiana 9.04   9.30 0.664 8.18   8.46 0.739 22.27   21.68 0.709 6.73   7.15 0.541
Iowa 10.49   9.59 0.168 9.29   9.37 0.935 25.61   24.83 0.630 7.79   6.80 0.196
Kansas 9.26   10.17 0.141 9.39   10.03 0.463 23.06   23.93 0.568 6.54   7.51 0.197
Kentucky 8.43   8.56 0.818 8.05   8.23 0.838 18.14   17.64 0.711 6.80   7.06 0.706
Louisiana 9.97   9.50 0.482 8.65   7.68 0.242 19.91   18.25 0.250 8.16   7.99 0.839
Maine 9.48   9.41 0.918 10.26   11.07 0.446 22.02   22.87 0.566 7.45   7.12 0.656
Maryland 8.84   8.32 0.446 7.68   7.74 0.952 20.44   18.99 0.348 7.11   6.67 0.572
Massachusetts 10.26   9.75 0.481 9.86   8.44 0.141 24.49   23.79 0.658 8.02   7.64 0.656
Michigan 9.38   9.66 0.487 9.47 8.10 0.009 21.29 23.90 0.003 7.27   7.39 0.816
Minnesota 10.29   10.15 0.852 9.57   8.59 0.322 24.27   23.09 0.465 7.84   8.00 0.849
Mississippi 7.75   8.02 0.638 6.59   7.10 0.542 16.95   17.51 0.696 6.08   6.27 0.768
Missouri 10.58   10.14 0.521 10.48   9.80 0.484 24.04   24.62 0.714 8.18   7.59 0.461
Montana 10.90   11.11 0.790 13.60   11.73 0.124 25.12 28.44 0.036 7.96   7.87 0.928
Nebraska 10.17   10.45 0.671 10.58   9.38 0.235 24.34   26.12 0.301 7.34   7.55 0.795
Nevada 9.69   9.67 0.973 9.45   8.35 0.260 21.80   22.99 0.454 7.79   7.71 0.914
New Hampshire 9.79   9.47 0.631 9.80   9.38 0.693 25.10   24.97 0.937 7.36   7.00 0.646
New Jersey 8.04   7.92 0.832 8.80   8.47 0.691 19.58   20.49 0.551 6.24   5.97 0.675
New Mexico 11.68 10.09 0.028 12.17 9.69 0.021 25.58 22.50 0.057 8.97   7.78 0.183
New York 8.52   8.70 0.648 8.39   8.27 0.815 19.90 21.47 0.077 6.64   6.63 0.993
North Carolina 7.79   8.63 0.195 7.24   8.06 0.340 17.30   18.20 0.524 6.26   7.11 0.269
North Dakota 11.67   10.86 0.255 12.03   10.51 0.172 28.94   26.21 0.123 7.98   7.73 0.766
Ohio 8.86   8.82 0.911 8.52   8.14 0.474 20.53   21.52 0.264 6.88   6.70 0.701
Oklahoma 9.28   9.36 0.903 10.71   9.57 0.249 21.28   22.19 0.573 6.77   6.85 0.913
Oregon 9.82   9.15 0.309 9.77   9.39 0.711 21.71   21.59 0.939 7.79   7.01 0.309
Pennsylvania 8.90   8.91 0.975 8.22   7.94 0.578 22.34   22.90 0.523 6.78   6.73 0.924
Rhode Island 11.39   10.27 0.155 10.36   9.81 0.596 25.37   25.68 0.861 8.95   7.55 0.129
South Carolina 9.58   9.23 0.617 8.03   7.48 0.514 21.06 17.53 0.037 7.77   8.00 0.781
South Dakota 10.84   10.37 0.510 11.86   10.99 0.428 26.16   24.82 0.406 7.64   7.41 0.795
Tennessee 7.81   8.40 0.308 7.49   7.66 0.842 16.69 20.06 0.039 6.35   6.54 0.787
Texas 8.92   9.20 0.440 8.68 7.74 0.091 19.50   20.72 0.128 6.86   7.14 0.530
Utah 8.18 9.47 0.044 7.09   8.07 0.300 15.58 18.96 0.017 6.30   7.09 0.313
Vermont 10.02   10.34 0.632 9.67   9.54 0.896 24.92   26.18 0.443 7.50   7.73 0.772
Virginia 8.66   8.75 0.890 7.98   7.48 0.595 22.13   21.89 0.866 6.54   6.74 0.780
Washington 10.10   9.99 0.872 9.03   7.96 0.257 23.06   23.11 0.972 8.01   7.99 0.982
West Virginia 8.84   8.36 0.416 9.27   9.05 0.822 21.63   22.35 0.605 6.73   6.09 0.357
Wisconsin 12.22   11.42 0.242 12.25   11.50 0.513 26.74   26.15 0.706 9.59   8.76 0.326
Wyoming 10.84   11.03 0.781 10.84   10.93 0.929 23.95   23.91 0.982 8.33   8.57 0.765

61025

Table C.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 2.69   2.67 0.719 4.93 4.69 0.081 7.49   7.74 0.123 1.54   1.50 0.597
Northeast 2.58   2.60 0.892 4.92   4.86 0.797 8.13   8.54 0.201 1.39   1.35 0.672
Midwest 2.60   2.54 0.467 5.05 4.48 0.003 7.28   7.40 0.605 1.41   1.40 0.868
South 2.63   2.64 0.927 4.66   4.51 0.432 7.08 7.46 0.098 1.57   1.54 0.743
West 2.95   2.89 0.546 5.25   5.05 0.456 7.84   7.92 0.821 1.73   1.65 0.565
                         
Alabama 2.48   2.47 0.945 4.77   4.58 0.739 6.80   7.11 0.678 1.40   1.36 0.862
Alaska 3.48   3.47 0.982 5.61   4.76 0.268 8.49   7.84 0.443 2.15   2.38 0.543
Arizona 2.86   2.67 0.472 6.58   6.30 0.757 7.17   6.95 0.827 1.54   1.37 0.528
Arkansas 2.90   2.96 0.805 4.86   5.39 0.447 8.23   9.23 0.280 1.68   1.51 0.544
California 2.99   2.92 0.677 5.22   5.13 0.824 7.91   7.96 0.934 1.76   1.67 0.628
Colorado 3.10   3.14 0.895 4.94   5.15 0.748 8.96   9.88 0.437 1.82   1.68 0.636
Connecticut 2.74   3.05 0.300 4.92   5.39 0.495 9.26 12.27 0.010 1.48   1.33 0.629
Delaware 2.63   2.78 0.576 4.28   4.78 0.482 7.54   8.64 0.225 1.56   1.52 0.876
District of Columbia 2.83   3.15 0.370 3.78   3.68 0.853 7.86   8.30 0.662 1.78   2.18 0.307
Florida 2.62   2.69 0.674 4.68   4.96 0.488 7.26   8.08 0.119 1.69   1.61 0.687
Georgia 2.50   2.43 0.799 4.40   3.80 0.298 5.92   6.33 0.625 1.60   1.52 0.798
Hawaii 2.71   2.44 0.442 5.64 4.19 0.047 6.83   6.10 0.460 1.71   1.65 0.892
Idaho 2.54   2.65 0.667 5.08   4.61 0.500 6.21   7.46 0.172 1.39   1.37 0.931
Illinois 2.62   2.54 0.645 4.60 3.94 0.082 7.57   7.40 0.741 1.46   1.49 0.875
Indiana 2.64   2.59 0.831 4.62   4.92 0.608 7.59   7.47 0.892 1.45   1.37 0.751
Iowa 2.47   2.07 0.112 3.90   3.63 0.639 6.80   5.83 0.209 1.46   1.18 0.300
Kansas 2.35   2.43 0.757 4.31   4.53 0.695 6.70   7.01 0.705 1.22   1.24 0.913
Kentucky 2.89   2.82 0.801 4.62   4.10 0.421 7.66   7.08 0.468 1.84   1.93 0.780
Louisiana 3.12   2.97 0.608 4.54   4.35 0.737 7.50   7.02 0.584 2.02   1.94 0.827
Maine 3.01   3.10 0.773 5.85   6.51 0.388 9.49   10.49 0.338 1.66   1.53 0.692
Maryland 2.60   2.39 0.408 4.43   4.36 0.921 8.06   6.71 0.154 1.46   1.41 0.846
Massachusetts 2.99   2.79 0.469 5.62   5.27 0.608 10.00   9.29 0.515 1.54   1.43 0.710
Michigan 2.67   2.75 0.578 5.75 4.51 0.002 7.32 8.76 0.008 1.42   1.45 0.833
Minnesota 2.59   2.43 0.515 4.73   4.07 0.309 7.44   7.57 0.880 1.41   1.27 0.570
Mississippi 2.49   2.68 0.432 4.26   3.96 0.594 5.94   6.73 0.314 1.52   1.69 0.560
Missouri 2.83   2.84 0.983 5.29   5.21 0.896 8.28   8.69 0.635 1.52   1.47 0.850
Montana 2.73   2.64 0.718 5.68   5.39 0.694 8.09   8.40 0.722 1.36   1.24 0.657
Nebraska 2.62   2.26 0.127 4.96   4.07 0.159 6.99   6.58 0.594 1.44   1.17 0.304
Nevada 2.60   2.50 0.689 4.64   4.23 0.468 6.60   6.31 0.732 1.68   1.65 0.905
New Hampshire 2.80   2.50 0.263 5.69   5.46 0.771 9.08   8.43 0.554 1.41   1.15 0.315
New Jersey 2.38   2.25 0.568 5.14   4.90 0.689 7.48   7.62 0.879 1.26   1.09 0.449
New Mexico 3.43 2.87 0.053 6.24   5.38 0.260 9.47   8.29 0.251 1.86   1.47 0.222
New York 2.56   2.65 0.585 4.73   4.78 0.890 7.82   8.33 0.371 1.41   1.44 0.891
North Carolina 2.59   2.80 0.448 4.38   4.68 0.628 6.53   7.31 0.324 1.69   1.79 0.741
North Dakota 2.49 2.04 0.063 5.36 4.16 0.081 6.52   5.69 0.293 1.26   1.02 0.344
Ohio 2.46   2.40 0.731 5.05   4.47 0.163 6.86   6.62 0.591 1.34   1.39 0.772
Oklahoma 2.87   2.83 0.909 5.71   5.36 0.617 7.30   7.48 0.846 1.62   1.59 0.940
Oregon 2.84   2.75 0.689 5.19   5.06 0.835 7.93   8.19 0.786 1.67   1.53 0.575
Pennsylvania 2.37   2.42 0.743 4.41   4.26 0.661 7.25   7.57 0.522 1.31   1.34 0.862
Rhode Island 3.06   3.25 0.471 5.82   6.02 0.783 9.73   11.42 0.161 1.48   1.42 0.813
South Carolina 2.60   2.75 0.541 4.51   4.34 0.764 7.15   7.05 0.916 1.53   1.77 0.331
South Dakota 2.23   2.22 0.958 4.61   4.83 0.740 5.39   6.28 0.209 1.25   1.04 0.416
Tennessee 2.56   2.95 0.141 4.50   4.77 0.670 6.74 9.05 0.027 1.61   1.70 0.741
Texas 2.62   2.56 0.729 4.88   4.46 0.319 6.97   7.45 0.305 1.40   1.30 0.569
Utah 2.90   3.17 0.310 4.31   4.53 0.746 6.01   7.18 0.129 1.75   1.82 0.814
Vermont 3.01   2.72 0.310 5.56   5.20 0.606 10.40   9.44 0.405 1.41   1.25 0.577
Virginia 2.53   2.24 0.251 4.51   3.99 0.431 7.74   6.85 0.299 1.41   1.24 0.534
Washington 2.94   2.99 0.851 4.61   3.94 0.332 8.53   8.24 0.769 1.76   1.96 0.489
West Virginia 2.53   2.61 0.758 4.97   5.04 0.925 8.55   9.36 0.398 1.29   1.27 0.967
Wisconsin 2.66   2.64 0.931 6.27   5.35 0.193 6.91   6.78 0.878 1.39   1.53 0.557
Wyoming 2.63   2.56 0.768 4.85   4.85 0.991 7.46   7.46 0.995 1.40   1.32 0.747

61025

Table C.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value 2003-2004 2004-2005 p Value
NOTE: p value: Bayes posterior probability of no change.
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2004-2005 estimate and the 2003-2004 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003, 2004, and 2005.
Total 7.27   7.35 0.425 5.68   5.51 0.232 16.75   16.92 0.522 5.82   5.93 0.440
Northeast 6.90   6.94 0.821 5.60   5.38 0.380 16.99   17.41 0.369 5.44   5.45 0.969
Midwest 8.08   7.95 0.449 6.22   5.99 0.280 19.03   19.29 0.516 6.36   6.19 0.399
South 6.63 6.94 0.061 5.03   5.00 0.864 15.01   14.97 0.904 5.38 5.80 0.041
West 7.76   7.75 0.982 6.20   5.92 0.351 16.95   17.21 0.603 6.30   6.29 0.964
                         
Alabama 5.63   6.10 0.400 4.54   5.14 0.356 12.87   11.93 0.410 4.47   5.20 0.293
Alaska 6.93   7.20 0.664 5.19   5.72 0.460 15.75   15.68 0.956 5.60   5.81 0.788
Arizona 9.31   8.58 0.306 7.18   6.83 0.714 18.94   17.76 0.421 7.88   7.17 0.416
Arkansas 6.30   6.14 0.762 5.41   4.80 0.376 15.70   14.27 0.264 4.74   4.86 0.852
California 7.36   7.55 0.598 5.86   5.63 0.610 16.25   16.69 0.576 5.96   6.17 0.640
Colorado 8.96   8.86 0.884 6.49   7.38 0.299 19.96   20.10 0.928 7.36   7.09 0.726
Connecticut 7.33   8.03 0.281 6.09   5.88 0.762 18.92   20.47 0.315 5.76   6.41 0.390
Delaware 6.47   6.63 0.775 4.60   4.90 0.691 16.39   17.96 0.276 4.99   4.89 0.870
District of Columbia 9.20   9.28 0.919 3.17   4.02 0.143 15.90   18.26 0.125 8.46   8.16 0.749
Florida 6.84 7.68 0.027 5.34   5.43 0.824 15.92   16.46 0.492 5.68 6.64 0.035
Georgia 5.85   5.71 0.791 4.09   4.07 0.975 12.64   11.79 0.471 4.85   4.82 0.965
Hawaii 6.97   6.46 0.409 6.75 5.24 0.040 17.36   17.10 0.867 5.41   4.98 0.560
Idaho 7.61   7.54 0.914 7.12   6.79 0.712 15.58   15.80 0.875 6.04   5.96 0.915
Illinois 8.57   8.15 0.218 5.77   5.55 0.606 20.49   19.71 0.319 6.84   6.45 0.372
Indiana 6.99   7.52 0.321 5.43   5.77 0.585 16.95   17.08 0.920 5.38   6.02 0.301
Iowa 8.82   8.40 0.493 6.53   6.82 0.728 22.38   22.69 0.841 6.56   5.96 0.407
Kansas 7.76   8.32 0.351 6.81   7.15 0.657 19.85   20.21 0.795 5.53   6.17 0.367
Kentucky 6.24   6.60 0.480 5.37   5.97 0.396 13.70   13.96 0.837 5.06   5.43 0.546
Louisiana 7.54   7.45 0.888 5.51   4.98 0.329 15.39   13.92 0.278 6.25   6.51 0.712
Maine 7.22   7.11 0.864 6.32   6.52 0.793 17.12   16.10 0.445 5.81   5.79 0.977
Maryland 6.77   6.48 0.657 4.89   4.98 0.900 15.72   14.78 0.511 5.58   5.34 0.758
Massachusetts 8.11   7.60 0.426 6.46   5.23 0.112 19.25   18.81 0.741 6.51   6.07 0.564
Michigan 7.16   7.41 0.476 5.79   5.31 0.246 16.34 18.09 0.027 5.75   5.84 0.829
Minnesota 8.12   8.31 0.777 6.31   5.87 0.569 19.21   18.59 0.680 6.35   6.76 0.607
Mississippi 6.08   6.28 0.699 3.86   4.38 0.393 13.18   12.89 0.814 4.97   5.24 0.671
Missouri 8.58   8.26 0.596 6.88   6.78 0.895 18.84   19.65 0.555 6.97   6.42 0.440
Montana 9.09   9.03 0.931 9.27   8.11 0.243 20.95   23.26 0.137 6.91   6.55 0.668
Nebraska 8.88   8.97 0.894 7.84   7.19 0.455 21.03   22.36 0.377 6.65   6.60 0.945
Nevada 7.99   8.05 0.919 6.50   6.06 0.613 17.46   19.21 0.216 6.68   6.53 0.826
New Hampshire 7.47   7.55 0.892 6.04   5.92 0.862 19.70   20.18 0.757 5.72   5.74 0.967
New Jersey 6.23   6.25 0.975 5.55   5.58 0.966 14.79   15.10 0.810 5.06   5.01 0.932
New Mexico 9.12 7.90 0.054 7.88 6.46 0.090 20.49   18.28 0.116 7.15   6.13 0.191
New York 6.31   6.52 0.526 5.24   5.12 0.776 15.38   16.38 0.205 4.94   5.06 0.759
North Carolina 5.60   6.46 0.124 4.40   5.11 0.304 13.43   13.94 0.703 4.44   5.39 0.142
North Dakota 9.99   9.49 0.454 8.86   7.96 0.355 26.44   24.00 0.168 6.68   6.69 0.981
Ohio 6.94   6.87 0.827 5.29   5.06 0.558 16.49   17.16 0.365 5.51   5.33 0.666
Oklahoma 7.02   7.42 0.472 6.49   5.97 0.483 16.66   17.52 0.567 5.23   5.66 0.510
Oregon 7.89   7.46 0.447 6.39   5.85 0.485 17.68   17.52 0.910 6.41   5.95 0.491
Pennsylvania 7.20   7.19 0.973 5.35   5.32 0.953 18.40   18.43 0.967 5.60   5.58 0.960
Rhode Island 8.91 7.78 0.068 6.79   5.76 0.164 21.06   19.13 0.219 6.95   5.99 0.195
South Carolina 7.73   7.35 0.546 4.68   4.26 0.495 16.58 12.96 0.013 6.58   6.77 0.802
South Dakota 9.00   8.70 0.637 9.08   7.77 0.144 21.91   20.98 0.541 6.41   6.40 0.981
Tennessee 6.08   6.42 0.511 4.75   4.63 0.826 13.10   14.24 0.378 5.07   5.34 0.666
Texas 7.08   7.44 0.306 5.31   5.01 0.482 15.53   16.01 0.530 5.69   6.12 0.316
Utah 6.06   6.90 0.103 4.67   4.76 0.886 11.42 14.04 0.042 4.79   5.30 0.449
Vermont 7.63   8.39 0.206 6.29   6.27 0.983 19.20   21.45 0.134 5.82   6.43 0.386
Virginia 6.87   6.94 0.901 5.11   4.79 0.643 17.27   17.40 0.924 5.40   5.49 0.882
Washington 7.71   7.71 0.998 6.22   5.55 0.373 17.49   17.32 0.907 6.22   6.33 0.878
West Virginia 6.91   6.62 0.556 6.29   6.20 0.903 16.61   16.97 0.771 5.42   5.04 0.522
Wisconsin 10.79 9.55 0.052 8.39   7.90 0.582 23.57   23.11 0.758 8.80 7.33 0.063
Wyoming 9.12   9.00 0.859 7.40   7.42 0.981 21.16   20.20 0.514 7.06   7.07 0.982

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This page was last updated on December 24, 2008.