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2005 State Estimates of Substance Use & Mental Health

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Appendix B:
Tables of Model-Based Estimates (50 States and the District of Columbia), by Substance

61025

Table B.1 Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 8.02   10.25   19.76   5.65  
Alabama 7.33 (6.23 - 8.60) 10.93 (8.96 - 13.28) 18.57 (15.67 - 21.86) 4.85 (3.69 - 6.36)
Alaska 12.16 (10.33 - 14.26) 12.98 (10.51 - 15.94) 23.47 (20.04 - 27.28) 9.80 (7.65 - 12.47)
Arizona 7.33 (6.19 - 8.67) 11.16 (9.00 - 13.77) 15.14 (12.35 - 18.43) 5.37 (4.18 - 6.88)
Arkansas 7.63 (6.46 - 8.98) 11.20 (9.08 - 13.73) 18.45 (15.70 - 21.55) 5.21 (3.97 - 6.81)
California 8.85 (8.09 - 9.66) 10.58 (9.42 - 11.86) 19.55 (17.89 - 21.33) 6.64 (5.74 - 7.66)
Colorado 9.94 (8.56 - 11.51) 11.98 (9.82 - 14.53) 26.89 (23.25 - 30.87) 6.68 (5.21 - 8.53)
Connecticut 9.02 (7.66 - 10.60) 11.21 (9.29 - 13.46) 26.54 (22.95 - 30.47) 6.06 (4.58 - 7.98)
Delaware 8.33 (7.17 - 9.67) 11.13 (9.19 - 13.43) 24.56 (21.26 - 28.18) 5.18 (3.95 - 6.75)
District of Columbia 9.51 (7.96 - 11.33) 10.51 (8.49 - 12.95) 22.04 (18.73 - 25.76) 7.17 (5.47 - 9.33)
Florida 8.30 (7.59 - 9.08) 10.50 (9.33 - 11.80) 21.34 (19.70 - 23.09) 6.08 (5.25 - 7.04)
Georgia 7.52 (6.36 - 8.87) 8.81 (7.09 - 10.89) 17.39 (14.49 - 20.74) 5.52 (4.25 - 7.15)
Hawaii 8.38 (6.90 - 10.14) 10.82 (8.65 - 13.46) 20.35 (17.00 - 24.15) 6.23 (4.60 - 8.39)
Idaho 6.98 (5.87 - 8.28) 9.30 (7.52 - 11.44) 16.32 (13.62 - 19.44) 4.72 (3.54 - 6.26)
Illinois 7.49 (6.82 - 8.21) 9.41 (8.35 - 10.59) 18.65 (17.06 - 20.35) 5.23 (4.47 - 6.12)
Indiana 7.37 (6.28 - 8.64) 9.97 (8.24 - 12.01) 18.52 (15.57 - 21.89) 4.98 (3.80 - 6.48)
Iowa 5.88 (4.89 - 7.06) 9.49 (7.66 - 11.71) 14.49 (11.89 - 17.55) 3.83 (2.82 - 5.19)
Kansas 7.19 (6.03 - 8.55) 9.92 (8.03 - 12.21) 16.69 (13.81 - 20.02) 4.96 (3.74 - 6.55)
Kentucky 8.39 (7.09 - 9.90) 11.30 (9.40 - 13.54) 18.21 (15.27 - 21.57) 6.35 (4.91 - 8.17)
Louisiana 8.18 (6.92 - 9.65) 8.99 (7.28 - 11.05) 18.90 (15.89 - 22.32) 5.90 (4.52 - 7.65)
Maine 9.45 (8.07 - 11.03) 14.44 (12.07 - 17.20) 25.76 (22.42 - 29.42) 6.30 (4.82 - 8.20)
Maryland 6.57 (5.45 - 7.91) 9.14 (7.35 - 11.31) 16.24 (13.47 - 19.45) 4.64 (3.45 - 6.20)
Massachusetts 9.37 (8.08 - 10.85) 12.34 (10.23 - 14.83) 29.03 (25.41 - 32.94) 5.82 (4.43 - 7.61)
Michigan 8.72 (7.99 - 9.50) 10.57 (9.49 - 11.76) 22.03 (20.38 - 23.78) 6.11 (5.26 - 7.10)
Minnesota 8.17 (6.92 - 9.62) 10.27 (8.35 - 12.57) 19.01 (15.93 - 22.51) 5.92 (4.55 - 7.66)
Mississippi 6.65 (5.57 - 7.92) 8.82 (7.10 - 10.90) 14.57 (12.08 - 17.47) 4.76 (3.59 - 6.29)
Missouri 7.66 (6.50 - 9.02) 10.92 (9.04 - 13.15) 18.28 (15.49 - 21.46) 5.32 (4.08 - 6.91)
Montana 9.79 (8.36 - 11.43) 12.73 (10.50 - 15.37) 23.07 (19.94 - 26.52) 6.98 (5.40 - 8.99)
Nebraska 6.47 (5.41 - 7.72) 9.58 (7.71 - 11.86) 17.03 (14.11 - 20.42) 3.98 (2.92 - 5.42)
Nevada 8.31 (7.02 - 9.81) 10.16 (8.21 - 12.51) 19.74 (16.62 - 23.29) 6.22 (4.81 - 8.02)
New Hampshire 8.88 (7.59 - 10.36) 10.98 (9.03 - 13.31) 26.45 (22.78 - 30.47) 5.78 (4.45 - 7.47)
New Jersey 7.21 (6.09 - 8.52) 9.64 (7.83 - 11.82) 20.45 (17.38 - 23.91) 4.91 (3.71 - 6.46)
New Mexico 8.87 (7.50 - 10.45) 13.00 (10.71 - 15.69) 20.04 (16.83 - 23.69) 6.12 (4.63 - 8.05)
New York 9.24 (8.46 - 10.09) 11.05 (9.84 - 12.39) 23.80 (21.95 - 25.75) 6.59 (5.69 - 7.62)
North Carolina 7.31 (6.21 - 8.60) 10.87 (8.91 - 13.21) 17.39 (14.50 - 20.73) 5.16 (3.99 - 6.64)
North Dakota 6.16 (5.05 - 7.50) 8.53 (6.82 - 10.62) 13.14 (10.65 - 16.10) 4.42 (3.21 - 6.07)
Ohio 7.82 (7.15 - 8.55) 10.26 (9.18 - 11.45) 19.48 (17.89 - 21.18) 5.47 (4.70 - 6.35)
Oklahoma 8.07 (6.79 - 9.56) 11.37 (9.20 - 13.97) 18.04 (15.14 - 21.36) 5.70 (4.31 - 7.51)
Oregon 9.63 (8.28 - 11.16) 12.18 (10.07 - 14.67) 23.96 (20.53 - 27.77) 6.86 (5.42 - 8.65)
Pennsylvania 7.91 (7.21 - 8.67) 9.77 (8.66 - 11.00) 21.25 (19.62 - 22.98) 5.47 (4.66 - 6.41)
Rhode Island 10.67 (9.22 - 12.31) 13.32 (11.01 - 16.02) 29.69 (25.86 - 33.83) 6.90 (5.35 - 8.84)
South Carolina 7.32 (6.20 - 8.62) 9.97 (8.19 - 12.09) 17.78 (14.77 - 21.26) 5.11 (3.94 - 6.60)
South Dakota 6.50 (5.37 - 7.84) 9.89 (7.89 - 12.33) 14.94 (12.38 - 17.93) 4.34 (3.13 - 6.00)
Tennessee 7.99 (6.79 - 9.39) 10.03 (8.24 - 12.16) 19.17 (16.19 - 22.55) 5.86 (4.56 - 7.50)
Texas 6.76 (6.16 - 7.40) 8.85 (7.83 - 9.99) 17.14 (15.61 - 18.80) 4.38 (3.70 - 5.17)
Utah 7.55 (6.35 - 8.95) 8.93 (7.20 - 11.01) 14.24 (11.71 - 17.21) 5.46 (4.12 - 7.20)
Vermont 10.66 (9.19 - 12.34) 13.37 (11.21 - 15.87) 29.58 (26.00 - 33.43) 7.08 (5.49 - 9.10)
Virginia 6.76 (5.67 - 8.05) 8.31 (6.61 - 10.40) 18.32 (15.37 - 21.68) 4.64 (3.49 - 6.14)
Washington 8.45 (7.13 - 9.97) 9.62 (7.80 - 11.82) 20.89 (17.63 - 24.58) 6.14 (4.73 - 7.92)
West Virginia 7.70 (6.58 - 9.00) 10.59 (8.70 - 12.84) 21.33 (18.44 - 24.54) 5.24 (4.04 - 6.76)
Wisconsin 7.48 (6.30 - 8.85) 10.55 (8.60 - 12.86) 19.18 (16.21 - 22.56) 4.97 (3.73 - 6.58)
Wyoming 7.62 (6.42 - 9.03) 10.05 (8.15 - 12.33) 18.15 (15.30 - 21.39) 5.28 (3.99 - 6.96)

61025

Table B.2 Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 10.51   13.92   27.94   6.98  
Alabama 8.76 (7.55 - 10.14) 12.65 (10.54 - 15.11) 24.56 (21.30 - 28.15) 5.43 (4.18 - 7.02)
Alaska 16.03 (14.08 - 18.19) 16.64 (13.85 - 19.85) 34.74 (30.89 - 38.81) 12.25 (9.96 - 14.99)
Arizona 9.88 (8.47 - 11.48) 16.01 (13.34 - 19.11) 23.55 (20.17 - 27.30) 6.53 (5.04 - 8.41)
Arkansas 9.61 (8.36 - 11.01) 13.70 (11.47 - 16.29) 26.08 (22.87 - 29.58) 6.11 (4.80 - 7.74)
California 11.41 (10.53 - 12.36) 13.92 (12.59 - 15.37) 27.73 (25.80 - 29.74) 8.06 (7.04 - 9.22)
Colorado 12.38 (10.76 - 14.21) 16.56 (14.05 - 19.43) 32.60 (28.69 - 36.77) 8.26 (6.53 - 10.39)
Connecticut 13.66 (11.84 - 15.70) 18.55 (15.80 - 21.64) 37.76 (33.81 - 41.89) 9.34 (7.31 - 11.87)
Delaware 10.78 (9.35 - 12.40) 14.23 (11.98 - 16.82) 30.87 (27.40 - 34.57) 6.87 (5.36 - 8.78)
District of Columbia 14.77 (12.87 - 16.90) 14.37 (12.05 - 17.07) 33.85 (30.05 - 37.87) 11.39 (9.24 - 13.95)
Florida 10.08 (9.31 - 10.89) 14.48 (13.26 - 15.80) 29.41 (27.55 - 31.35) 6.64 (5.77 - 7.64)
Georgia 9.61 (8.27 - 11.13) 12.12 (9.98 - 14.63) 25.19 (21.88 - 28.80) 6.39 (4.97 - 8.18)
Hawaii 10.99 (9.22 - 13.05) 14.41 (11.73 - 17.57) 28.99 (25.13 - 33.18) 7.80 (5.88 - 10.27)
Idaho 9.44 (8.18 - 10.88) 12.81 (10.69 - 15.29) 25.44 (22.32 - 28.84) 5.65 (4.33 - 7.33)
Illinois 9.99 (9.24 - 10.80) 13.36 (12.11 - 14.72) 27.11 (25.25 - 29.05) 6.47 (5.62 - 7.45)
Indiana 9.60 (8.31 - 11.07) 13.21 (11.08 - 15.68) 27.60 (24.27 - 31.19) 5.81 (4.44 - 7.55)
Iowa 8.00 (6.80 - 9.39) 10.85 (8.83 - 13.25) 22.64 (19.50 - 26.12) 4.93 (3.69 - 6.56)
Kansas 10.15 (8.77 - 11.71) 14.15 (11.83 - 16.84) 25.54 (22.11 - 29.29) 6.59 (5.14 - 8.41)
Kentucky 9.81 (8.46 - 11.36) 13.01 (10.95 - 15.38) 24.20 (21.00 - 27.70) 6.96 (5.50 - 8.78)
Louisiana 9.31 (7.97 - 10.86) 11.39 (9.32 - 13.85) 24.54 (21.30 - 28.08) 5.93 (4.53 - 7.71)
Maine 12.61 (11.02 - 14.40) 18.37 (15.67 - 21.42) 36.75 (33.04 - 40.63) 8.15 (6.39 - 10.35)
Maryland 10.16 (8.73 - 11.80) 14.49 (12.13 - 17.22) 28.36 (24.84 - 32.17) 6.59 (5.08 - 8.50)
Massachusetts 12.53 (10.99 - 14.26) 16.67 (14.16 - 19.53) 37.79 (33.94 - 41.80) 7.93 (6.27 - 9.98)
Michigan 11.98 (11.11 - 12.90) 14.44 (13.14 - 15.84) 32.41 (30.48 - 34.39) 8.04 (7.04 - 9.18)
Minnesota 11.59 (10.05 - 13.33) 15.16 (12.83 - 17.83) 28.13 (24.62 - 31.93) 8.09 (6.39 - 10.20)
Mississippi 8.26 (7.00 - 9.71) 10.97 (9.00 - 13.30) 20.43 (17.58 - 23.60) 5.44 (4.11 - 7.17)
Missouri 10.60 (9.23 - 12.15) 14.97 (12.62 - 17.67) 27.00 (23.60 - 30.68) 7.07 (5.61 - 8.86)
Montana 13.54 (11.93 - 15.34) 18.34 (15.60 - 21.44) 35.37 (31.82 - 39.09) 8.94 (7.11 - 11.19)
Nebraska 9.05 (7.73 - 10.56) 11.57 (9.57 - 13.92) 23.08 (19.72 - 26.83) 5.96 (4.59 - 7.72)
Nevada 10.43 (8.97 - 12.09) 14.71 (12.18 - 17.66) 27.57 (23.94 - 31.53) 7.10 (5.57 - 9.02)
New Hampshire 12.59 (10.95 - 14.43) 14.60 (12.29 - 17.26) 36.20 (32.21 - 40.39) 8.54 (6.76 - 10.73)
New Jersey 9.33 (7.98 - 10.88) 12.55 (10.38 - 15.09) 28.44 (24.77 - 32.41) 6.05 (4.64 - 7.86)
New Mexico 11.04 (9.53 - 12.75) 17.21 (14.45 - 20.37) 28.00 (24.37 - 31.95) 6.89 (5.28 - 8.94)
New York 11.98 (11.12 - 12.90) 14.65 (13.20 - 16.22) 32.34 (30.32 - 34.43) 8.26 (7.27 - 9.37)
North Carolina 9.98 (8.59 - 11.56) 13.48 (11.31 - 15.98) 27.17 (23.61 - 31.05) 6.65 (5.16 - 8.51)
North Dakota 8.53 (7.27 - 10.00) 12.32 (10.30 - 14.67) 23.60 (20.51 - 27.00) 4.94 (3.65 - 6.66)
Ohio 10.12 (9.39 - 10.90) 13.76 (12.49 - 15.14) 27.31 (25.56 - 29.13) 6.65 (5.81 - 7.60)
Oklahoma 8.95 (7.73 - 10.35) 14.66 (12.12 - 17.62) 23.11 (19.96 - 26.60) 5.45 (4.18 - 7.07)
Oregon 13.64 (11.97 - 15.50) 18.47 (15.71 - 21.59) 35.02 (31.27 - 38.96) 9.39 (7.58 - 11.58)
Pennsylvania 10.96 (10.12 - 11.86) 14.11 (12.80 - 15.52) 30.93 (29.08 - 32.85) 7.27 (6.31 - 8.36)
Rhode Island 14.67 (13.03 - 16.49) 19.51 (16.47 - 22.96) 42.09 (37.90 - 46.40) 9.10 (7.29 - 11.32)
South Carolina 9.45 (8.12 - 10.97) 13.12 (11.04 - 15.53) 24.07 (20.70 - 27.80) 6.36 (4.96 - 8.12)
South Dakota 8.67 (7.41 - 10.12) 13.49 (11.14 - 16.24) 22.85 (19.76 - 26.28) 5.17 (3.88 - 6.86)
Tennessee 10.26 (8.80 - 11.92) 13.58 (11.40 - 16.10) 25.87 (22.44 - 29.62) 7.22 (5.65 - 9.18)
Texas 8.56 (7.90 - 9.27) 12.20 (10.98 - 13.54) 22.27 (20.59 - 24.05) 5.28 (4.52 - 6.15)
Utah 8.61 (7.36 - 10.06) 11.06 (9.02 - 13.49) 19.64 (16.69 - 22.98) 5.13 (3.84 - 6.83)
Vermont 14.43 (12.69 - 16.35) 17.24 (14.73 - 20.08) 40.55 (36.64 - 44.59) 9.60 (7.67 - 11.95)
Virginia 9.13 (7.85 - 10.60) 12.21 (10.11 - 14.67) 28.19 (24.83 - 31.82) 5.56 (4.21 - 7.32)
Washington 11.38 (9.77 - 13.21) 13.16 (10.79 - 15.96) 29.87 (26.17 - 33.85) 7.94 (6.20 - 10.13)
West Virginia 9.61 (8.37 - 11.02) 13.64 (11.50 - 16.11) 29.91 (26.57 - 33.48) 5.98 (4.67 - 7.63)
Wisconsin 10.88 (9.46 - 12.48) 15.85 (13.52 - 18.50) 29.91 (26.38 - 33.71) 6.80 (5.28 - 8.70)
Wyoming 10.41 (8.98 - 12.02) 15.04 (12.65 - 17.78) 26.31 (22.92 - 30.02) 6.75 (5.24 - 8.65)

61025

Table B.3 Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 6.04   7.20   16.36   4.07  
Alabama 4.90 (4.04 - 5.93) 6.72 (5.17 - 8.69) 13.95 (11.45 - 16.89) 3.05 (2.21 - 4.17)
Alaska 10.12 (8.52 - 11.98) 9.71 (7.43 - 12.58) 21.36 (18.24 - 24.85) 7.99 (6.13 - 10.36)
Arizona 5.33 (4.41 - 6.44) 8.20 (6.37 - 10.51) 13.15 (10.62 - 16.17) 3.51 (2.58 - 4.75)
Arkansas 5.52 (4.57 - 6.64) 7.83 (6.07 - 10.05) 14.40 (11.91 - 17.32) 3.62 (2.68 - 4.87)
California 6.70 (6.05 - 7.42) 7.50 (6.55 - 8.57) 16.19 (14.69 - 17.81) 4.85 (4.10 - 5.74)
Colorado 7.53 (6.35 - 8.91) 9.24 (7.28 - 11.66) 20.97 (17.85 - 24.47) 4.94 (3.73 - 6.51)
Connecticut 7.59 (6.39 - 8.99) 8.88 (7.11 - 11.03) 23.74 (20.36 - 27.50) 4.95 (3.70 - 6.60)
Delaware 6.19 (5.23 - 7.30) 7.24 (5.65 - 9.24) 20.20 (17.16 - 23.62) 3.63 (2.69 - 4.89)
District of Columbia 7.27 (5.99 - 8.81) 6.87 (5.24 - 8.97) 18.75 (15.67 - 22.28) 5.25 (3.89 - 7.05)
Florida 5.90 (5.32 - 6.54) 7.29 (6.35 - 8.35) 17.97 (16.38 - 19.67) 3.92 (3.29 - 4.67)
Georgia 5.63 (4.62 - 6.85) 6.07 (4.63 - 7.92) 14.54 (12.04 - 17.46) 3.94 (2.90 - 5.33)
Hawaii 6.16 (4.95 - 7.65) 7.61 (5.78 - 9.94) 16.67 (13.78 - 20.01) 4.36 (3.10 - 6.12)
Idaho 5.05 (4.18 - 6.10) 6.24 (4.77 - 8.13) 12.80 (10.53 - 15.49) 3.29 (2.41 - 4.47)
Illinois 5.59 (5.04 - 6.18) 6.35 (5.49 - 7.33) 15.94 (14.50 - 17.50) 3.63 (3.03 - 4.36)
Indiana 5.12 (4.24 - 6.18) 6.54 (5.05 - 8.42) 14.37 (11.93 - 17.20) 3.24 (2.37 - 4.41)
Iowa 4.24 (3.46 - 5.18) 5.98 (4.54 - 7.84) 11.68 (9.47 - 14.33) 2.64 (1.88 - 3.69)
Kansas 5.27 (4.34 - 6.38) 6.79 (5.23 - 8.78) 13.88 (11.32 - 16.90) 3.38 (2.47 - 4.62)
Kentucky 6.11 (5.10 - 7.32) 7.73 (6.14 - 9.70) 14.68 (12.09 - 17.71) 4.45 (3.37 - 5.87)
Louisiana 5.54 (4.61 - 6.65) 5.75 (4.39 - 7.51) 14.74 (12.24 - 17.65) 3.65 (2.71 - 4.91)
Maine 8.55 (7.22 - 10.10) 12.27 (9.93 - 15.07) 24.59 (21.35 - 28.15) 5.60 (4.17 - 7.49)
Maryland 5.10 (4.16 - 6.22) 6.88 (5.34 - 8.81) 13.86 (11.30 - 16.89) 3.42 (2.47 - 4.72)
Massachusetts 7.57 (6.46 - 8.85) 9.49 (7.45 - 12.03) 24.88 (21.64 - 28.43) 4.53 (3.41 - 5.99)
Michigan 6.71 (6.08 - 7.39) 7.49 (6.61 - 8.49) 18.57 (17.01 - 20.24) 4.51 (3.81 - 5.34)
Minnesota 6.96 (5.81 - 8.31) 7.82 (6.13 - 9.93) 16.74 (14.08 - 19.79) 5.06 (3.82 - 6.66)
Mississippi 4.79 (3.88 - 5.89) 5.79 (4.41 - 7.59) 11.55 (9.38 - 14.14) 3.30 (2.37 - 4.57)
Missouri 5.54 (4.59 - 6.68) 7.53 (5.91 - 9.56) 14.90 (12.37 - 17.84) 3.60 (2.64 - 4.88)
Montana 8.17 (6.89 - 9.68) 9.50 (7.61 - 11.79) 21.05 (18.14 - 24.29) 5.65 (4.25 - 7.48)
Nebraska 5.02 (4.12 - 6.11) 5.88 (4.49 - 7.68) 14.73 (12.07 - 17.87) 3.02 (2.16 - 4.20)
Nevada 6.10 (5.06 - 7.33) 6.98 (5.38 - 8.99) 16.06 (13.27 - 19.31) 4.38 (3.30 - 5.78)
New Hampshire 7.60 (6.42 - 8.97) 8.59 (6.73 - 10.91) 23.59 (20.10 - 27.49) 4.90 (3.69 - 6.48)
New Jersey 5.12 (4.21 - 6.22) 6.47 (4.99 - 8.34) 16.03 (13.27 - 19.23) 3.32 (2.42 - 4.53)
New Mexico 6.64 (5.54 - 7.94) 9.11 (7.15 - 11.55) 17.71 (14.79 - 21.06) 4.16 (3.06 - 5.62)
New York 7.27 (6.62 - 7.97) 8.40 (7.30 - 9.64) 20.90 (19.16 - 22.75) 4.85 (4.14 - 5.69)
North Carolina 5.65 (4.69 - 6.80) 7.82 (6.15 - 9.90) 15.02 (12.45 - 18.02) 3.80 (2.82 - 5.09)
North Dakota 4.71 (3.78 - 5.85) 5.82 (4.43 - 7.60) 11.27 (9.07 - 13.92) 3.21 (2.27 - 4.53)
Ohio 6.00 (5.42 - 6.63) 7.43 (6.53 - 8.45) 16.00 (14.53 - 17.59) 4.07 (3.42 - 4.84)
Oklahoma 5.18 (4.27 - 6.28) 7.10 (5.41 - 9.28) 13.62 (11.24 - 16.41) 3.29 (2.39 - 4.52)
Oregon 8.36 (7.10 - 9.82) 9.30 (7.39 - 11.66) 20.92 (17.76 - 24.49) 6.11 (4.76 - 7.81)
Pennsylvania 6.11 (5.52 - 6.75) 6.88 (5.98 - 7.90) 18.02 (16.56 - 19.59) 4.04 (3.38 - 4.83)
Rhode Island 8.92 (7.64 - 10.38) 10.82 (8.54 - 13.63) 26.46 (22.91 - 30.35) 5.51 (4.19 - 7.21)
South Carolina 5.46 (4.50 - 6.61) 6.43 (5.02 - 8.19) 14.44 (11.78 - 17.58) 3.74 (2.77 - 5.02)
South Dakota 4.98 (4.12 - 6.01) 6.79 (5.18 - 8.87) 13.40 (11.01 - 16.20) 3.06 (2.20 - 4.24)
Tennessee 5.85 (4.81 - 7.10) 5.98 (4.54 - 7.85) 14.93 (12.24 - 18.10) 4.31 (3.22 - 5.75)
Texas 4.65 (4.17 - 5.18) 5.76 (4.94 - 6.72) 12.73 (11.42 - 14.16) 2.87 (2.35 - 3.51)
Utah 4.80 (3.91 - 5.89) 5.69 (4.29 - 7.49) 9.90 (7.84 - 12.44) 3.24 (2.32 - 4.51)
Vermont 9.04 (7.73 - 10.56) 10.54 (8.46 - 13.06) 26.67 (23.17 - 30.49) 5.84 (4.46 - 7.61)
Virginia 4.89 (4.02 - 5.95) 5.31 (3.95 - 7.10) 14.47 (11.96 - 17.41) 3.25 (2.35 - 4.46)
Washington 7.01 (5.83 - 8.41) 6.83 (5.21 - 8.89) 18.11 (15.13 - 21.52) 5.12 (3.87 - 6.74)
West Virginia 5.83 (4.87 - 6.97) 7.00 (5.45 - 8.95) 17.43 (14.93 - 20.25) 3.88 (2.88 - 5.20)
Wisconsin 6.01 (5.05 - 7.13) 8.13 (6.43 - 10.22) 16.45 (13.79 - 19.51) 3.85 (2.87 - 5.14)
Wyoming 5.66 (4.68 - 6.82) 6.88 (5.35 - 8.80) 15.33 (12.69 - 18.40) 3.65 (2.65 - 5.00)

61025

Table B.4 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 39.04   34.45   25.03   42.13  
Alabama 49.93 (46.50 - 53.35) 39.62 (35.85 - 43.53) 35.06 (31.25 - 39.09) 53.94 (49.67 - 58.14)
Alaska 27.25 (24.34 - 30.37) 28.77 (24.69 - 33.24) 18.63 (15.60 - 22.10) 28.67 (24.91 - 32.75)
Arizona 39.63 (36.40 - 42.96) 33.17 (29.32 - 37.27) 26.18 (22.89 - 29.77) 42.99 (38.97 - 47.11)
Arkansas 45.03 (41.61 - 48.50) 35.80 (32.13 - 39.64) 27.23 (23.97 - 30.75) 49.46 (45.12 - 53.79)
California 38.46 (36.84 - 40.11) 33.67 (31.67 - 35.74) 27.55 (25.56 - 29.62) 41.18 (39.10 - 43.29)
Colorado 32.09 (29.03 - 35.32) 29.93 (26.29 - 33.84) 20.16 (17.07 - 23.64) 34.49 (30.72 - 38.47)
Connecticut 33.78 (30.54 - 37.18) 29.41 (26.14 - 32.92) 21.47 (18.53 - 24.74) 36.24 (32.25 - 40.43)
Delaware 40.09 (36.93 - 43.33) 35.46 (31.76 - 39.35) 23.32 (20.26 - 26.69) 43.57 (39.62 - 47.59)
District of Columbia 33.11 (30.05 - 36.32) 28.53 (24.50 - 32.94) 19.54 (16.58 - 22.88) 35.98 (32.21 - 39.92)
Florida 42.92 (41.22 - 44.64) 35.58 (33.67 - 37.54) 27.36 (25.56 - 29.23) 46.14 (44.04 - 48.26)
Georgia 43.13 (40.05 - 46.27) 38.88 (34.83 - 43.09) 31.79 (28.28 - 35.51) 45.83 (42.02 - 49.68)
Hawaii 37.25 (33.72 - 40.92) 33.14 (29.34 - 37.17) 29.44 (25.75 - 33.43) 38.97 (34.63 - 43.50)
Idaho 38.00 (35.13 - 40.96) 37.71 (34.06 - 41.50) 27.01 (23.81 - 30.46) 40.30 (36.62 - 44.09)
Illinois 38.61 (36.96 - 40.29) 34.71 (32.71 - 36.77) 25.04 (23.27 - 26.90) 41.57 (39.47 - 43.71)
Indiana 39.60 (36.48 - 42.81) 34.56 (31.04 - 38.25) 24.40 (21.36 - 27.71) 43.09 (39.17 - 47.11)
Iowa 39.17 (36.04 - 42.39) 36.86 (32.99 - 40.92) 24.51 (21.28 - 28.06) 42.17 (38.26 - 46.18)
Kansas 39.83 (36.64 - 43.11) 36.93 (33.15 - 40.87) 23.94 (20.75 - 27.44) 43.33 (39.26 - 47.49)
Kentucky 42.34 (39.18 - 45.57) 38.05 (34.62 - 41.60) 30.16 (26.75 - 33.80) 44.96 (41.08 - 48.90)
Louisiana 42.44 (39.32 - 45.63) 38.04 (34.41 - 41.80) 27.23 (23.87 - 30.86) 46.18 (42.19 - 50.21)
Maine 31.97 (28.83 - 35.29) 25.49 (22.15 - 29.15) 15.16 (12.70 - 18.01) 35.38 (31.51 - 39.45)
Maryland 39.02 (35.63 - 42.52) 35.22 (31.62 - 39.01) 25.35 (22.12 - 28.87) 41.78 (37.53 - 46.15)
Massachusetts 31.28 (28.35 - 34.37) 27.05 (23.68 - 30.70) 18.35 (15.62 - 21.43) 33.90 (30.32 - 37.67)
Michigan 36.57 (34.91 - 38.26) 33.05 (31.20 - 34.96) 22.61 (20.90 - 24.41) 39.52 (37.44 - 41.65)
Minnesota 30.90 (27.95 - 34.03) 30.77 (27.35 - 34.42) 19.83 (16.94 - 23.07) 32.94 (29.23 - 36.88)
Mississippi 51.19 (47.84 - 54.53) 46.80 (42.77 - 50.88) 37.13 (33.47 - 40.94) 54.62 (50.35 - 58.83)
Missouri 40.82 (37.72 - 43.99) 37.21 (33.65 - 40.92) 24.71 (21.53 - 28.19) 44.20 (40.31 - 48.16)
Montana 35.99 (32.79 - 39.30) 33.45 (30.02 - 37.07) 18.31 (15.66 - 21.28) 39.54 (35.48 - 43.74)
Nebraska 39.20 (36.14 - 42.35) 33.57 (29.89 - 37.47) 26.23 (22.78 - 29.99) 42.50 (38.64 - 46.45)
Nevada 35.76 (32.69 - 38.95) 31.96 (28.28 - 35.87) 23.82 (20.62 - 27.35) 38.18 (34.40 - 42.12)
New Hampshire 27.11 (24.28 - 30.13) 28.48 (24.97 - 32.28) 14.80 (12.16 - 17.90) 28.89 (25.44 - 32.62)
New Jersey 38.13 (34.79 - 41.58) 30.73 (27.17 - 34.54) 21.68 (18.51 - 25.22) 41.57 (37.45 - 45.80)
New Mexico 38.63 (35.37 - 42.00) 27.76 (24.02 - 31.83) 25.31 (21.76 - 29.23) 42.78 (38.60 - 47.06)
New York 37.61 (35.84 - 39.41) 31.52 (29.52 - 33.60) 22.65 (20.77 - 24.64) 40.88 (38.65 - 43.14)
North Carolina 41.51 (38.27 - 44.82) 34.46 (30.91 - 38.20) 28.03 (24.52 - 31.83) 44.70 (40.70 - 48.78)
North Dakota 39.26 (36.01 - 42.60) 37.29 (33.65 - 41.09) 22.11 (19.00 - 25.58) 43.04 (38.96 - 47.22)
Ohio 37.54 (35.92 - 39.18) 35.47 (33.54 - 37.45) 22.06 (20.39 - 23.83) 40.51 (38.44 - 42.61)
Oklahoma 41.95 (38.62 - 45.35) 37.81 (33.88 - 41.90) 28.19 (24.83 - 31.81) 45.16 (40.99 - 49.41)
Oregon 30.08 (27.21 - 33.12) 30.96 (27.22 - 34.96) 19.66 (16.58 - 23.14) 31.74 (28.27 - 35.43)
Pennsylvania 39.48 (37.74 - 41.24) 35.00 (33.11 - 36.95) 21.02 (19.42 - 22.71) 43.09 (40.91 - 45.30)
Rhode Island 35.41 (32.21 - 38.74) 32.34 (28.49 - 36.45) 18.79 (15.85 - 22.13) 38.80 (34.79 - 42.96)
South Carolina 42.57 (39.52 - 45.68) 36.06 (32.62 - 39.65) 26.61 (23.16 - 30.37) 46.28 (42.49 - 50.12)
South Dakota 40.96 (37.91 - 44.08) 36.60 (32.82 - 40.55) 26.59 (23.35 - 30.10) 44.42 (40.57 - 48.34)
Tennessee 39.69 (36.39 - 43.08) 34.97 (31.29 - 38.84) 24.05 (20.89 - 27.51) 42.90 (38.83 - 47.06)
Texas 44.29 (42.67 - 45.93) 38.19 (36.23 - 40.19) 27.72 (25.84 - 29.68) 48.52 (46.41 - 50.64)
Utah 42.75 (39.47 - 46.10) 44.17 (39.97 - 48.45) 35.24 (31.42 - 39.25) 44.59 (40.18 - 49.09)
Vermont 27.85 (24.71 - 31.22) 26.21 (23.09 - 29.59) 14.48 (12.00 - 17.37) 30.34 (26.43 - 34.57)
Virginia 40.47 (37.35 - 43.67) 35.46 (31.83 - 39.27) 24.13 (21.08 - 27.46) 43.84 (39.95 - 47.82)
Washington 27.89 (25.06 - 30.91) 30.32 (26.75 - 34.15) 16.46 (13.68 - 19.67) 29.55 (26.04 - 33.32)
West Virginia 44.78 (41.43 - 48.17) 35.45 (31.93 - 39.12) 25.65 (22.57 - 29.00) 48.82 (44.69 - 52.96)
Wisconsin 31.73 (28.87 - 34.75) 28.97 (25.55 - 32.66) 18.59 (15.74 - 21.83) 34.46 (30.91 - 38.20)
Wyoming 36.90 (33.79 - 40.11) 35.92 (32.42 - 39.57) 19.53 (16.61 - 22.83) 40.35 (36.44 - 44.38)

61025

Table B.5 First Use of Marijuana, by Age Group and State: Average Annual Rates Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Average annual rate = 100*{[X1 ÷ (0.5 * X1 + X2) ] ÷ 2}, where
X1 is the number of marijuana initiates in past 24 months and X2 is the number of persons who never used marijuana. Both of the computation components, X1 and X2, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
NOTE: The prediction intervals presented above use a simultaneous solution for the First Use of Marijuana and Never Used Marijuana outcomes, which had age group–specific random effects that were allowed to be correlated across the two outcomes. The associated Markov Chain Monte Carlo chains were used to calculate the posterior variance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 1.68   5.80   6.16   0.18  
Alabama 1.36 (1.15 - 1.60) 5.14 (4.14 - 6.38) 5.11 (3.91 - 6.66) 0.15 (0.09 - 0.26)
Alaska 2.57 (2.16 - 3.07) 7.15 (5.78 - 8.81) 7.12 (5.37 - 9.39) 0.25 (0.14 - 0.44)
Arizona 1.75 (1.47 - 2.08) 6.89 (5.59 - 8.47) 5.54 (4.18 - 7.33) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.33)
Arkansas 1.37 (1.16 - 1.61) 5.51 (4.47 - 6.78) 4.69 (3.65 - 6.02) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.27)
California 1.71 (1.55 - 1.88) 5.75 (5.13 - 6.44) 5.79 (5.00 - 6.69) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.26)
Colorado 2.09 (1.77 - 2.47) 7.47 (6.16 - 9.03) 6.56 (4.92 - 8.71) 0.24 (0.14 - 0.40)
Connecticut 2.20 (1.87 - 2.59) 7.99 (6.66 - 9.56) 7.65 (5.96 - 9.77) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.37)
Delaware 1.89 (1.61 - 2.22) 6.83 (5.64 - 8.26) 8.02 (6.25 - 10.22) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.30)
District of Columbia 1.86 (1.56 - 2.20) 6.11 (4.90 - 7.58) 7.31 (5.71 - 9.30) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.36)
Florida 1.44 (1.32 - 1.58) 6.00 (5.41 - 6.65) 5.68 (4.89 - 6.58) 0.14 (0.09 - 0.23)
Georgia 1.66 (1.41 - 1.95) 5.03 (4.04 - 6.24) 5.92 (4.63 - 7.55) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.31)
Hawaii 1.68 (1.36 - 2.08) 6.25 (4.88 - 7.97) 6.65 (4.75 - 9.24) 0.19 (0.08 - 0.45)
Idaho 1.91 (1.62 - 2.25) 5.55 (4.48 - 6.84) 6.14 (4.75 - 7.91) 0.24 (0.15 - 0.40)
Illinois 1.77 (1.62 - 1.95) 5.94 (5.32 - 6.62) 6.59 (5.72 - 7.58) 0.18 (0.12 - 0.27)
Indiana 1.78 (1.53 - 2.07) 6.14 (5.06 - 7.44) 5.90 (4.62 - 7.51) 0.20 (0.12 - 0.33)
Iowa 1.48 (1.25 - 1.76) 4.87 (3.88 - 6.10) 6.14 (4.75 - 7.91) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.32)
Kansas 1.85 (1.57 - 2.17) 5.70 (4.66 - 6.97) 6.78 (5.27 - 8.68) 0.22 (0.14 - 0.37)
Kentucky 1.55 (1.33 - 1.81) 5.91 (4.88 - 7.14) 5.32 (4.13 - 6.81) 0.19 (0.12 - 0.32)
Louisiana 1.69 (1.45 - 1.98) 5.23 (4.29 - 6.36) 6.12 (4.80 - 7.77) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.28)
Maine 2.04 (1.74 - 2.38) 7.48 (6.19 - 9.02) 8.97 (7.03 - 11.37) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.36)
Maryland 1.82 (1.55 - 2.13) 6.12 (5.02 - 7.45) 6.53 (5.13 - 8.27) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.29)
Massachusetts 1.92 (1.63 - 2.26) 6.32 (5.16 - 7.72) 7.97 (6.23 - 10.14) 0.23 (0.14 - 0.37)
Michigan 1.98 (1.81 - 2.17) 6.22 (5.62 - 6.88) 7.57 (6.59 - 8.68) 0.20 (0.13 - 0.31)
Minnesota 1.91 (1.63 - 2.23) 6.05 (4.97 - 7.36) 6.69 (5.24 - 8.49) 0.22 (0.14 - 0.37)
Mississippi 1.44 (1.23 - 1.70) 4.74 (3.81 - 5.89) 5.30 (4.13 - 6.77) 0.14 (0.08 - 0.25)
Missouri 1.75 (1.49 - 2.05) 5.90 (4.86 - 7.16) 6.70 (5.27 - 8.49) 0.20 (0.12 - 0.33)
Montana 2.17 (1.86 - 2.53) 7.69 (6.38 - 9.23) 8.31 (6.52 - 10.53) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.37)
Nebraska 1.59 (1.34 - 1.89) 5.00 (3.99 - 6.25) 6.12 (4.72 - 7.89) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.33)
Nevada 1.61 (1.35 - 1.92) 6.33 (5.12 - 7.79) 4.58 (3.40 - 6.16) 0.20 (0.12 - 0.32)
New Hampshire 2.14 (1.81 - 2.52) 5.90 (4.78 - 7.27) 10.09 (7.77 - 13.00) 0.22 (0.13 - 0.39)
New Jersey 1.52 (1.29 - 1.77) 5.26 (4.28 - 6.44) 6.23 (4.85 - 7.97) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.27)
New Mexico 1.99 (1.64 - 2.41) 7.83 (6.25 - 9.76) 6.16 (4.47 - 8.44) 0.17 (0.09 - 0.34)
New York 1.64 (1.49 - 1.81) 5.73 (5.11 - 6.43) 6.53 (5.65 - 7.54) 0.18 (0.12 - 0.27)
North Carolina 1.51 (1.27 - 1.79) 5.31 (4.28 - 6.58) 5.65 (4.33 - 7.35) 0.19 (0.11 - 0.33)
North Dakota 1.61 (1.37 - 1.89) 5.35 (4.36 - 6.54) 6.70 (5.23 - 8.54) 0.17 (0.09 - 0.30)
Ohio 1.67 (1.52 - 1.83) 5.67 (5.09 - 6.32) 6.51 (5.65 - 7.48) 0.18 (0.12 - 0.28)
Oklahoma 1.57 (1.33 - 1.86) 5.76 (4.62 - 7.16) 5.35 (4.09 - 6.96) 0.18 (0.11 - 0.31)
Oregon 2.06 (1.75 - 2.42) 7.42 (6.07 - 9.04) 6.75 (5.14 - 8.81) 0.27 (0.16 - 0.44)
Pennsylvania 1.63 (1.49 - 1.79) 6.10 (5.49 - 6.78) 6.58 (5.72 - 7.55) 0.17 (0.11 - 0.27)
Rhode Island 2.06 (1.75 - 2.43) 7.63 (6.28 - 9.23) 7.69 (5.86 - 10.04) 0.21 (0.12 - 0.36)
South Carolina 1.68 (1.43 - 1.96) 6.07 (5.03 - 7.32) 6.23 (4.84 - 7.99) 0.16 (0.10 - 0.27)
South Dakota 1.74 (1.47 - 2.05) 5.90 (4.79 - 7.25) 6.50 (5.05 - 8.32) 0.18 (0.10 - 0.31)
Tennessee 1.58 (1.35 - 1.84) 6.02 (4.97 - 7.26) 5.97 (4.58 - 7.75) 0.19 (0.12 - 0.31)
Texas 1.52 (1.38 - 1.67) 4.92 (4.36 - 5.54) 5.11 (4.40 - 5.92) 0.17 (0.11 - 0.26)
Utah 1.65 (1.35 - 2.02) 4.29 (3.31 - 5.55) 4.33 (3.17 - 5.89) 0.24 (0.13 - 0.46)
Vermont 2.30 (1.96 - 2.70) 7.32 (6.13 - 8.74) 9.57 (7.45 - 12.21) 0.23 (0.13 - 0.42)
Virginia 1.59 (1.35 - 1.88) 5.09 (4.14 - 6.25) 6.65 (5.18 - 8.48) 0.17 (0.10 - 0.29)
Washington 1.73 (1.46 - 2.05) 5.30 (4.26 - 6.58) 6.88 (5.30 - 8.89) 0.21 (0.13 - 0.35)
West Virginia 1.38 (1.17 - 1.62) 5.49 (4.42 - 6.80) 7.01 (5.54 - 8.84) 0.16 (0.09 - 0.29)
Wisconsin 2.06 (1.77 - 2.40) 6.80 (5.64 - 8.17) 7.72 (6.05 - 9.79) 0.21 (0.13 - 0.36)
Wyoming 2.12 (1.81 - 2.48) 6.93 (5.76 - 8.32) 7.21 (5.62 - 9.20) 0.21 (0.13 - 0.36)

61025

Table B.6 Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 3.56   5.10   8.46   2.49  
Alabama 3.96 (3.21 - 4.88) 5.84 (4.51 - 7.53) 9.87 (7.71 - 12.56) 2.66 (1.88 - 3.75)
Alaska 4.22 (3.40 - 5.24) 5.72 (4.35 - 7.49) 8.30 (6.40 - 10.69) 3.15 (2.25 - 4.39)
Arizona 3.46 (2.76 - 4.32) 5.09 (3.92 - 6.59) 6.61 (4.94 - 8.78) 2.65 (1.91 - 3.68)
Arkansas 4.22 (3.45 - 5.14) 6.36 (4.92 - 8.18) 11.17 (9.00 - 13.79) 2.69 (1.91 - 3.76)
California 3.50 (3.08 - 3.96) 5.27 (4.51 - 6.14) 7.60 (6.57 - 8.78) 2.48 (2.02 - 3.05)
Colorado 4.46 (3.61 - 5.50) 5.24 (4.00 - 6.83) 11.49 (9.02 - 14.53) 3.12 (2.25 - 4.32)
Connecticut 3.79 (3.04 - 4.71) 5.09 (3.92 - 6.57) 11.36 (8.99 - 14.26) 2.46 (1.71 - 3.53)
Delaware 3.82 (3.10 - 4.71) 5.30 (4.09 - 6.84) 10.13 (8.01 - 12.73) 2.55 (1.80 - 3.58)
District of Columbia 3.67 (2.87 - 4.67) 4.15 (3.11 - 5.50) 7.19 (5.43 - 9.48) 2.99 (2.14 - 4.16)
Florida 3.94 (3.43 - 4.53) 5.26 (4.50 - 6.15) 9.11 (7.97 - 10.40) 3.01 (2.43 - 3.73)
Georgia 3.18 (2.53 - 3.98) 4.37 (3.31 - 5.75) 6.43 (4.88 - 8.42) 2.41 (1.73 - 3.35)
Hawaii 3.19 (2.42 - 4.19) 5.52 (4.07 - 7.44) 7.21 (5.29 - 9.75) 2.28 (1.47 - 3.52)
Idaho 3.46 (2.76 - 4.32) 4.77 (3.65 - 6.21) 7.61 (5.79 - 9.95) 2.40 (1.69 - 3.41)
Illinois 3.12 (2.72 - 3.59) 4.51 (3.81 - 5.33) 6.54 (5.59 - 7.63) 2.32 (1.85 - 2.90)
Indiana 3.90 (3.20 - 4.75) 5.60 (4.37 - 7.15) 9.82 (7.84 - 12.24) 2.58 (1.87 - 3.55)
Iowa 2.94 (2.34 - 3.68) 5.25 (4.04 - 6.79) 6.65 (4.90 - 8.96) 1.96 (1.38 - 2.78)
Kansas 3.57 (2.86 - 4.45) 4.82 (3.67 - 6.30) 7.49 (5.65 - 9.87) 2.64 (1.88 - 3.68)
Kentucky 3.99 (3.24 - 4.92) 6.34 (4.94 - 8.09) 8.46 (6.54 - 10.88) 2.94 (2.15 - 4.01)
Louisiana 4.03 (3.30 - 4.90) 5.07 (3.92 - 6.54) 8.83 (6.92 - 11.21) 2.90 (2.12 - 3.95)
Maine 3.21 (2.60 - 3.96) 5.29 (4.05 - 6.88) 9.25 (7.27 - 11.70) 2.02 (1.41 - 2.89)
Maryland 3.03 (2.39 - 3.84) 4.39 (3.29 - 5.84) 6.67 (5.06 - 8.75) 2.25 (1.58 - 3.20)
Massachusetts 3.95 (3.24 - 4.80) 5.57 (4.34 - 7.11) 11.67 (9.34 - 14.49) 2.50 (1.80 - 3.46)
Michigan 3.72 (3.31 - 4.17) 5.50 (4.75 - 6.37) 9.17 (8.10 - 10.36) 2.50 (2.05 - 3.05)
Minnesota 3.10 (2.48 - 3.86) 4.67 (3.59 - 6.06) 7.67 (5.82 - 10.04) 2.05 (1.45 - 2.91)
Mississippi 3.19 (2.58 - 3.95) 4.70 (3.59 - 6.13) 7.01 (5.40 - 9.05) 2.22 (1.58 - 3.09)
Missouri 3.66 (2.99 - 4.46) 5.65 (4.39 - 7.25) 8.58 (6.77 - 10.80) 2.50 (1.82 - 3.43)
Montana 3.70 (3.00 - 4.55) 5.78 (4.48 - 7.41) 8.25 (6.44 - 10.52) 2.60 (1.87 - 3.61)
Nebraska 3.02 (2.38 - 3.82) 5.77 (4.40 - 7.54) 6.68 (4.88 - 9.10) 1.93 (1.30 - 2.85)
Nevada 3.91 (3.10 - 4.93) 4.77 (3.57 - 6.33) 9.12 (7.03 - 11.75) 2.97 (2.10 - 4.18)
New Hampshire 3.19 (2.57 - 3.96) 4.95 (3.83 - 6.38) 8.64 (6.51 - 11.38) 2.09 (1.49 - 2.92)
New Jersey 3.24 (2.60 - 4.03) 4.91 (3.77 - 6.39) 8.23 (6.28 - 10.72) 2.27 (1.62 - 3.17)
New Mexico 3.94 (3.20 - 4.85) 6.24 (4.83 - 8.04) 8.34 (6.39 - 10.82) 2.76 (2.00 - 3.81)
New York 3.50 (3.04 - 4.02) 4.95 (4.16 - 5.87) 8.43 (7.29 - 9.73) 2.49 (1.99 - 3.12)
North Carolina 3.64 (2.93 - 4.52) 5.54 (4.29 - 7.13) 8.12 (6.23 - 10.52) 2.64 (1.89 - 3.67)
North Dakota 2.79 (2.12 - 3.67) 4.52 (3.38 - 6.03) 5.38 (3.83 - 7.50) 2.04 (1.33 - 3.11)
Ohio 3.28 (2.89 - 3.72) 4.87 (4.17 - 5.69) 7.97 (6.90 - 9.19) 2.25 (1.82 - 2.77)
Oklahoma 3.95 (3.22 - 4.84) 6.11 (4.69 - 7.91) 9.08 (7.11 - 11.53) 2.67 (1.93 - 3.70)
Oregon 3.76 (3.07 - 4.59) 4.96 (3.81 - 6.44) 10.60 (8.42 - 13.26) 2.44 (1.76 - 3.39)
Pennsylvania 3.25 (2.85 - 3.70) 4.78 (4.08 - 5.59) 8.72 (7.64 - 9.94) 2.15 (1.72 - 2.68)
Rhode Island 4.12 (3.39 - 5.00) 5.44 (4.13 - 7.15) 12.07 (9.65 - 15.01) 2.52 (1.80 - 3.52)
South Carolina 3.48 (2.84 - 4.25) 4.94 (3.83 - 6.36) 8.68 (6.66 - 11.25) 2.36 (1.73 - 3.21)
South Dakota 2.75 (2.11 - 3.58) 5.26 (3.97 - 6.95) 5.05 (3.62 - 7.01) 1.94 (1.27 - 2.96)
Tennessee 3.93 (3.20 - 4.81) 5.49 (4.28 - 7.03) 9.84 (7.77 - 12.39) 2.75 (2.01 - 3.75)
Texas 3.58 (3.18 - 4.03) 4.73 (4.01 - 5.56) 9.10 (7.99 - 10.36) 2.30 (1.86 - 2.85)
Utah 4.19 (3.46 - 5.07) 5.50 (4.26 - 7.08) 7.82 (6.03 - 10.08) 2.95 (2.17 - 4.01)
Vermont 3.87 (3.16 - 4.72) 5.70 (4.45 - 7.26) 11.21 (8.94 - 13.97) 2.38 (1.68 - 3.36)
Virginia 3.41 (2.75 - 4.22) 4.58 (3.46 - 6.04) 8.43 (6.59 - 10.73) 2.42 (1.75 - 3.34)
Washington 3.55 (2.84 - 4.42) 4.61 (3.50 - 6.06) 8.61 (6.59 - 11.16) 2.53 (1.80 - 3.54)
West Virginia 3.95 (3.23 - 4.81) 5.91 (4.60 - 7.55) 10.93 (8.86 - 13.42) 2.63 (1.90 - 3.64)
Wisconsin 3.34 (2.71 - 4.11) 5.12 (3.94 - 6.64) 8.04 (6.21 - 10.34) 2.26 (1.61 - 3.16)
Wyoming 3.64 (2.97 - 4.47) 5.64 (4.38 - 7.23) 8.38 (6.54 - 10.69) 2.47 (1.75 - 3.48)

61025

Table B.7 Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 2.31   1.65   6.77   1.62  
Alabama 2.13 (1.63 - 2.78) 1.59 (1.06 - 2.39) 6.08 (4.53 - 8.11) 1.50 (1.00 - 2.25)
Alaska 2.56 (1.95 - 3.34) 1.95 (1.29 - 2.94) 7.41 (5.69 - 9.59) 1.72 (1.08 - 2.71)
Arizona 2.68 (2.07 - 3.45) 2.27 (1.52 - 3.38) 7.51 (5.68 - 9.88) 1.86 (1.27 - 2.73)
Arkansas 2.03 (1.59 - 2.60) 1.64 (1.13 - 2.39) 6.29 (4.81 - 8.18) 1.32 (0.89 - 1.96)
California 2.15 (1.84 - 2.51) 1.59 (1.21 - 2.08) 6.31 (5.40 - 7.36) 1.47 (1.14 - 1.90)
Colorado 2.80 (2.19 - 3.57) 1.86 (1.26 - 2.73) 8.67 (6.71 - 11.15) 1.89 (1.29 - 2.78)
Connecticut 2.54 (1.98 - 3.25) 1.94 (1.32 - 2.84) 8.43 (6.59 - 10.73) 1.72 (1.16 - 2.55)
Delaware 2.47 (1.93 - 3.16) 1.40 (0.95 - 2.07) 7.45 (5.73 - 9.63) 1.74 (1.20 - 2.52)
District of Columbia 3.39 (2.47 - 4.64) 0.52 (0.33 - 0.84) 5.78 (4.35 - 7.64) 3.23 (2.15 - 4.83)
Florida 2.64 (2.23 - 3.13) 1.77 (1.35 - 2.32) 8.08 (6.99 - 9.31) 1.93 (1.47 - 2.53)
Georgia 1.82 (1.37 - 2.43) 1.27 (0.84 - 1.92) 4.15 (3.02 - 5.68) 1.48 (0.98 - 2.22)
Hawaii 1.93 (1.41 - 2.64) 1.50 (0.94 - 2.40) 5.49 (3.97 - 7.54) 1.43 (0.90 - 2.28)
Idaho 2.00 (1.56 - 2.56) 1.70 (1.15 - 2.51) 6.29 (4.80 - 8.21) 1.16 (0.77 - 1.75)
Illinois 2.32 (1.95 - 2.75) 1.32 (0.99 - 1.75) 5.80 (4.92 - 6.83) 1.83 (1.42 - 2.37)
Indiana 2.33 (1.84 - 2.96) 1.49 (1.02 - 2.19) 7.46 (5.72 - 9.68) 1.52 (1.04 - 2.21)
Iowa 1.84 (1.40 - 2.42) 1.70 (1.12 - 2.58) 5.35 (3.93 - 7.25) 1.21 (0.79 - 1.85)
Kansas 2.51 (1.91 - 3.29) 1.65 (1.09 - 2.49) 6.82 (5.12 - 9.04) 1.79 (1.20 - 2.67)
Kentucky 2.45 (1.92 - 3.11) 1.63 (1.12 - 2.37) 6.90 (5.27 - 8.98) 1.79 (1.25 - 2.56)
Louisiana 2.02 (1.51 - 2.70) 1.19 (0.79 - 1.79) 4.84 (3.56 - 6.55) 1.57 (1.03 - 2.38)
Maine 2.48 (1.97 - 3.13) 1.89 (1.30 - 2.76) 9.07 (7.17 - 11.42) 1.53 (1.05 - 2.23)
Maryland 2.27 (1.72 - 2.97) 1.21 (0.80 - 1.82) 5.78 (4.36 - 7.63) 1.84 (1.25 - 2.71)
Massachusetts 2.95 (2.32 - 3.73) 1.91 (1.28 - 2.84) 10.05 (8.01 - 12.53) 1.92 (1.30 - 2.84)
Michigan 2.38 (2.03 - 2.77) 1.55 (1.21 - 1.97) 6.97 (6.03 - 8.03) 1.69 (1.31 - 2.17)
Minnesota 2.27 (1.80 - 2.86) 1.75 (1.20 - 2.57) 7.32 (5.68 - 9.38) 1.42 (0.99 - 2.05)
Mississippi 2.02 (1.52 - 2.69) 1.34 (0.88 - 2.05) 4.66 (3.45 - 6.26) 1.60 (1.05 - 2.42)
Missouri 2.46 (1.93 - 3.12) 1.70 (1.15 - 2.51) 8.17 (6.36 - 10.43) 1.53 (1.03 - 2.28)
Montana 2.33 (1.85 - 2.95) 1.65 (1.12 - 2.42) 8.04 (6.33 - 10.15) 1.38 (0.94 - 2.02)
Nebraska 2.21 (1.73 - 2.81) 1.62 (1.08 - 2.43) 7.22 (5.47 - 9.47) 1.31 (0.88 - 1.96)
Nevada 1.91 (1.45 - 2.52) 1.61 (1.06 - 2.43) 6.48 (4.87 - 8.58) 1.22 (0.78 - 1.90)
New Hampshire 2.31 (1.82 - 2.93) 1.85 (1.25 - 2.72) 8.95 (6.89 - 11.55) 1.31 (0.89 - 1.93)
New Jersey 2.03 (1.55 - 2.64) 1.64 (1.10 - 2.43) 6.21 (4.69 - 8.17) 1.45 (0.98 - 2.15)
New Mexico 2.34 (1.83 - 2.99) 2.14 (1.44 - 3.17) 7.05 (5.32 - 9.28) 1.48 (1.01 - 2.16)
New York 2.49 (2.14 - 2.90) 1.54 (1.18 - 2.02) 7.35 (6.30 - 8.56) 1.81 (1.41 - 2.30)
North Carolina 2.02 (1.55 - 2.64) 1.31 (0.87 - 1.96) 5.63 (4.18 - 7.56) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.23)
North Dakota 1.73 (1.27 - 2.35) 1.70 (1.11 - 2.59) 4.68 (3.28 - 6.63) 1.12 (0.69 - 1.81)
Ohio 2.00 (1.66 - 2.41) 1.23 (0.91 - 1.67) 5.57 (4.72 - 6.58) 1.48 (1.11 - 1.99)
Oklahoma 1.96 (1.52 - 2.52) 1.67 (1.13 - 2.47) 6.12 (4.60 - 8.10) 1.20 (0.80 - 1.78)
Oregon 2.08 (1.62 - 2.67) 1.66 (1.12 - 2.45) 6.48 (4.87 - 8.58) 1.38 (0.94 - 2.04)
Pennsylvania 2.46 (2.12 - 2.85) 1.52 (1.17 - 1.96) 7.64 (6.66 - 8.76) 1.73 (1.35 - 2.20)
Rhode Island 3.04 (2.42 - 3.82) 1.85 (1.24 - 2.76) 9.68 (7.65 - 12.18) 1.99 (1.37 - 2.89)
South Carolina 2.34 (1.81 - 3.03) 1.62 (1.10 - 2.38) 6.35 (4.74 - 8.45) 1.73 (1.17 - 2.55)
South Dakota 1.76 (1.34 - 2.31) 1.62 (1.06 - 2.48) 5.02 (3.71 - 6.76) 1.13 (0.73 - 1.75)
Tennessee 2.25 (1.73 - 2.94) 1.51 (1.03 - 2.23) 6.27 (4.74 - 8.24) 1.67 (1.13 - 2.47)
Texas 2.40 (2.04 - 2.81) 2.41 (1.84 - 3.14) 6.67 (5.70 - 7.80) 1.55 (1.17 - 2.06)
Utah 2.39 (1.86 - 3.07) 1.88 (1.26 - 2.79) 5.38 (3.96 - 7.28) 1.65 (1.12 - 2.44)
Vermont 2.86 (2.31 - 3.54) 2.01 (1.40 - 2.89) 10.36 (8.24 - 12.94) 1.69 (1.18 - 2.42)
Virginia 2.41 (1.86 - 3.12) 1.39 (0.94 - 2.07) 7.08 (5.49 - 9.09) 1.77 (1.19 - 2.62)
Washington 2.36 (1.85 - 3.02) 1.57 (1.04 - 2.35) 8.46 (6.49 - 10.96) 1.41 (0.95 - 2.11)
West Virginia 2.80 (2.24 - 3.49) 2.16 (1.47 - 3.15) 10.26 (8.26 - 12.68) 1.70 (1.17 - 2.47)
Wisconsin 2.26 (1.77 - 2.88) 1.91 (1.33 - 2.74) 6.91 (5.27 - 9.00) 1.47 (1.01 - 2.15)
Wyoming 2.11 (1.65 - 2.70) 1.80 (1.24 - 2.61) 6.76 (5.11 - 8.90) 1.27 (0.85 - 1.87)

61025

Table B.8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 4.77   7.13   12.16   3.15  
Alabama 5.05 (4.23 - 6.03) 8.67 (6.92 - 10.81) 13.98 (11.46 - 16.95) 2.99 (2.21 - 4.02)
Alaska 5.61 (4.67 - 6.73) 8.16 (6.32 - 10.46) 12.50 (10.18 - 15.26) 3.80 (2.79 - 5.16)
Arizona 4.67 (3.83 - 5.69) 7.22 (5.63 - 9.22) 10.33 (8.19 - 12.95) 3.28 (2.43 - 4.43)
Arkansas 5.66 (4.79 - 6.67) 10.32 (8.32 - 12.73) 15.94 (13.40 - 18.86) 3.20 (2.34 - 4.35)
California 4.63 (4.13 - 5.20) 6.78 (5.85 - 7.84) 10.86 (9.59 - 12.26) 3.18 (2.62 - 3.86)
Colorado 5.83 (4.88 - 6.95) 7.72 (6.10 - 9.73) 14.58 (12.03 - 17.57) 4.03 (3.04 - 5.33)
Connecticut 5.14 (4.27 - 6.16) 7.22 (5.72 - 9.06) 15.30 (12.67 - 18.36) 3.31 (2.43 - 4.49)
Delaware 5.24 (4.37 - 6.28) 8.55 (6.89 - 10.57) 13.59 (11.17 - 16.44) 3.38 (2.49 - 4.58)
District of Columbia 3.72 (2.93 - 4.70) 4.37 (3.22 - 5.90) 8.02 (6.24 - 10.24) 2.88 (2.06 - 4.02)
Florida 5.06 (4.51 - 5.68) 7.11 (6.15 - 8.20) 12.79 (11.50 - 14.20) 3.66 (3.03 - 4.41)
Georgia 4.30 (3.58 - 5.15) 6.28 (4.94 - 7.95) 10.14 (8.18 - 12.50) 2.94 (2.22 - 3.89)
Hawaii 3.57 (2.80 - 4.54) 5.96 (4.50 - 7.85) 9.17 (7.12 - 11.74) 2.41 (1.63 - 3.54)
Idaho 5.40 (4.55 - 6.39) 7.46 (5.92 - 9.37) 13.89 (11.50 - 16.69) 3.34 (2.50 - 4.46)
Illinois 3.96 (3.50 - 4.48) 5.93 (5.11 - 6.86) 9.59 (8.47 - 10.84) 2.68 (2.18 - 3.30)
Indiana 5.43 (4.58 - 6.43) 8.53 (6.85 - 10.57) 14.21 (11.76 - 17.08) 3.39 (2.55 - 4.50)
Iowa 3.85 (3.15 - 4.69) 6.28 (4.85 - 8.09) 9.74 (7.69 - 12.25) 2.45 (1.75 - 3.41)
Kansas 4.68 (3.85 - 5.68) 6.42 (4.95 - 8.29) 10.60 (8.40 - 13.30) 3.28 (2.44 - 4.40)
Kentucky 6.03 (5.08 - 7.13) 9.89 (8.08 - 12.07) 14.40 (11.84 - 17.39) 4.11 (3.13 - 5.40)
Louisiana 5.36 (4.52 - 6.34) 8.14 (6.58 - 10.03) 13.20 (10.89 - 15.92) 3.36 (2.51 - 4.48)
Maine 4.93 (4.11 - 5.90) 8.40 (6.69 - 10.49) 13.44 (11.10 - 16.17) 3.18 (2.37 - 4.25)
Maryland 3.62 (2.94 - 4.45) 5.76 (4.45 - 7.42) 9.27 (7.38 - 11.59) 2.40 (1.70 - 3.36)
Massachusetts 4.71 (3.97 - 5.59) 7.06 (5.56 - 8.92) 13.66 (11.32 - 16.40) 2.98 (2.23 - 3.96)
Michigan 5.27 (4.79 - 5.81) 8.40 (7.44 - 9.47) 13.78 (12.48 - 15.20) 3.33 (2.80 - 3.97)
Minnesota 4.26 (3.50 - 5.16) 6.17 (4.84 - 7.83) 10.58 (8.47 - 13.14) 2.85 (2.09 - 3.86)
Mississippi 4.11 (3.40 - 4.95) 7.13 (5.62 - 9.01) 9.92 (8.01 - 12.22) 2.51 (1.84 - 3.43)
Missouri 4.94 (4.18 - 5.83) 7.70 (6.22 - 9.49) 12.79 (10.52 - 15.47) 3.16 (2.39 - 4.15)
Montana 5.44 (4.57 - 6.46) 9.62 (7.72 - 11.92) 13.36 (11.03 - 16.09) 3.45 (2.54 - 4.67)
Nebraska 3.98 (3.24 - 4.88) 6.45 (4.97 - 8.34) 9.56 (7.48 - 12.14) 2.55 (1.82 - 3.56)
Nevada 5.77 (4.79 - 6.93) 8.29 (6.45 - 10.59) 14.49 (11.88 - 17.56) 4.03 (3.00 - 5.40)
New Hampshire 4.66 (3.88 - 5.60) 7.36 (5.83 - 9.24) 12.00 (9.55 - 14.98) 3.13 (2.36 - 4.13)
New Jersey 4.12 (3.38 - 5.00) 6.26 (4.87 - 8.01) 10.89 (8.74 - 13.49) 2.82 (2.08 - 3.83)
New Mexico 5.20 (4.32 - 6.25) 7.71 (5.97 - 9.90) 11.85 (9.58 - 14.56) 3.56 (2.64 - 4.80)
New York 4.32 (3.85 - 4.85) 6.19 (5.34 - 7.15) 11.06 (9.81 - 12.44) 2.96 (2.43 - 3.60)
North Carolina 4.54 (3.75 - 5.49) 7.92 (6.28 - 9.95) 10.93 (8.77 - 13.53) 3.03 (2.20 - 4.15)
North Dakota 4.33 (3.51 - 5.34) 5.87 (4.58 - 7.51) 9.35 (7.36 - 11.81) 3.10 (2.24 - 4.27)
Ohio 5.00 (4.52 - 5.52) 7.26 (6.36 - 8.27) 13.94 (12.57 - 15.43) 3.14 (2.63 - 3.75)
Oklahoma 5.84 (4.89 - 6.95) 9.10 (7.26 - 11.35) 14.39 (11.96 - 17.21) 3.74 (2.77 - 5.04)
Oregon 5.68 (4.79 - 6.74) 9.38 (7.50 - 11.67) 14.28 (11.84 - 17.12) 3.75 (2.84 - 4.94)
Pennsylvania 4.28 (3.84 - 4.77) 6.16 (5.30 - 7.14) 12.63 (11.36 - 14.01) 2.66 (2.18 - 3.25)
Rhode Island 5.87 (4.93 - 6.98) 7.55 (5.92 - 9.59) 16.59 (13.80 - 19.81) 3.73 (2.78 - 4.98)
South Carolina 4.91 (4.10 - 5.86) 7.36 (5.90 - 9.16) 12.85 (10.48 - 15.65) 3.17 (2.36 - 4.25)
South Dakota 3.42 (2.67 - 4.38) 5.77 (4.33 - 7.66) 7.70 (5.87 - 10.05) 2.24 (1.49 - 3.36)
Tennessee 5.50 (4.65 - 6.49) 8.99 (7.26 - 11.09) 14.92 (12.39 - 17.86) 3.48 (2.63 - 4.60)
Texas 4.58 (4.11 - 5.09) 6.73 (5.83 - 7.76) 11.94 (10.67 - 13.34) 2.78 (2.29 - 3.38)
Utah 6.50 (5.47 - 7.72) 7.88 (6.27 - 9.86) 13.49 (11.01 - 16.43) 4.32 (3.23 - 5.75)
Vermont 4.85 (3.99 - 5.88) 7.31 (5.81 - 9.16) 13.40 (10.89 - 16.38) 3.08 (2.21 - 4.27)
Virginia 4.44 (3.70 - 5.32) 6.65 (5.23 - 8.42) 12.29 (10.09 - 14.89) 2.85 (2.10 - 3.84)
Washington 5.89 (4.90 - 7.07) 7.52 (5.91 - 9.53) 14.84 (12.26 - 17.86) 4.13 (3.10 - 5.48)
West Virginia 5.44 (4.60 - 6.41) 8.95 (7.22 - 11.03) 14.74 (12.40 - 17.43) 3.59 (2.72 - 4.72)
Wisconsin 4.83 (4.03 - 5.78) 6.53 (5.15 - 8.26) 12.43 (10.16 - 15.12) 3.24 (2.43 - 4.31)
Wyoming 5.33 (4.44 - 6.38) 8.62 (6.87 - 10.76) 12.56 (10.24 - 15.31) 3.51 (2.61 - 4.70)

61025

Table B.9 Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 51.05   17.06   60.69   54.03  
Alabama 42.07 (38.70 - 45.52) 15.97 (13.62 - 18.65) 52.63 (48.57 - 56.65) 43.69 (39.53 - 47.95)
Alaska 50.55 (47.23 - 53.86) 14.67 (12.27 - 17.45) 57.44 (53.26 - 61.52) 55.71 (51.42 - 59.91)
Arizona 55.43 (51.95 - 58.85) 18.01 (15.33 - 21.04) 61.27 (57.14 - 65.24) 59.73 (55.38 - 63.94)
Arkansas 39.63 (36.42 - 42.94) 16.45 (13.97 - 19.27) 53.21 (49.45 - 56.94) 40.31 (36.34 - 44.42)
California 50.14 (48.35 - 51.94) 16.20 (14.80 - 17.71) 55.02 (52.78 - 57.23) 54.37 (52.08 - 56.64)
Colorado 59.43 (56.20 - 62.57) 20.52 (17.71 - 23.64) 69.30 (65.36 - 72.97) 62.99 (58.98 - 66.83)
Connecticut 61.28 (57.73 - 64.71) 20.94 (18.31 - 23.85) 71.44 (67.57 - 75.02) 65.07 (60.70 - 69.20)
Delaware 49.71 (46.29 - 53.13) 16.41 (14.09 - 19.04) 63.20 (59.51 - 66.75) 51.59 (47.37 - 55.79)
District of Columbia 58.44 (55.04 - 61.77) 12.70 (10.48 - 15.32) 68.93 (65.11 - 72.51) 60.90 (56.75 - 64.89)
Florida 52.04 (50.27 - 53.81) 17.01 (15.59 - 18.52) 58.59 (56.49 - 60.66) 55.35 (53.16 - 57.51)
Georgia 44.11 (40.96 - 47.30) 14.52 (12.27 - 17.11) 52.16 (48.21 - 56.09) 46.88 (42.96 - 50.84)
Hawaii 47.08 (43.41 - 50.79) 13.74 (11.49 - 16.34) 57.77 (53.44 - 61.99) 49.63 (45.11 - 54.15)
Idaho 46.43 (43.24 - 49.65) 15.88 (13.50 - 18.58) 53.80 (50.03 - 57.53) 49.53 (45.42 - 53.65)
Illinois 54.17 (52.42 - 55.92) 17.24 (15.80 - 18.78) 65.20 (63.15 - 67.21) 57.35 (55.15 - 59.53)
Indiana 49.94 (46.75 - 53.13) 17.12 (14.76 - 19.77) 61.34 (57.67 - 64.88) 52.50 (48.48 - 56.49)
Iowa 54.46 (51.32 - 57.57) 18.27 (15.81 - 21.00) 69.28 (65.62 - 72.71) 56.28 (52.36 - 60.11)
Kansas 51.81 (48.46 - 55.15) 19.45 (16.91 - 22.27) 65.35 (61.39 - 69.10) 53.68 (49.46 - 57.84)
Kentucky 42.61 (39.48 - 45.81) 17.01 (14.73 - 19.57) 55.60 (51.73 - 59.40) 43.66 (39.82 - 47.57)
Louisiana 46.76 (43.60 - 49.95) 17.59 (15.16 - 20.31) 58.80 (55.03 - 62.47) 48.61 (44.66 - 52.58)
Maine 51.49 (48.11 - 54.85) 19.14 (16.48 - 22.10) 64.01 (60.27 - 67.58) 53.51 (49.35 - 57.62)
Maryland 53.05 (49.40 - 56.67) 15.71 (13.36 - 18.38) 62.88 (59.11 - 66.49) 56.69 (52.13 - 61.14)
Massachusetts 59.55 (56.31 - 62.70) 19.11 (16.57 - 21.94) 70.60 (67.00 - 73.96) 62.71 (58.73 - 66.52)
Michigan 54.17 (52.41 - 55.93) 17.09 (15.76 - 18.51) 66.30 (64.32 - 68.23) 57.36 (55.13 - 59.55)
Minnesota 60.99 (57.83 - 64.06) 19.18 (16.53 - 22.15) 69.71 (66.03 - 73.15) 64.99 (61.03 - 68.75)
Mississippi 37.84 (34.80 - 40.97) 15.43 (13.09 - 18.11) 49.04 (45.35 - 52.73) 38.87 (35.02 - 42.85)
Missouri 48.83 (45.53 - 52.15) 19.96 (17.30 - 22.91) 65.63 (61.91 - 69.17) 49.71 (45.59 - 53.82)
Montana 57.20 (53.74 - 60.59) 21.22 (18.45 - 24.29) 70.43 (66.90 - 73.73) 59.44 (55.10 - 63.63)
Nebraska 55.60 (52.26 - 58.90) 18.63 (15.98 - 21.61) 71.30 (67.54 - 74.79) 57.61 (53.44 - 61.68)
Nevada 48.17 (44.64 - 51.71) 16.56 (14.03 - 19.43) 57.33 (52.97 - 61.58) 50.95 (46.63 - 55.25)
New Hampshire 59.07 (55.90 - 62.17) 18.09 (15.55 - 20.94) 71.84 (67.96 - 75.42) 62.54 (58.65 - 66.28)
New Jersey 54.48 (50.90 - 58.01) 18.77 (16.21 - 21.63) 62.41 (58.48 - 66.18) 58.06 (53.64 - 62.36)
New Mexico 48.21 (44.93 - 51.51) 18.09 (15.53 - 20.96) 57.15 (53.15 - 61.06) 50.94 (46.79 - 55.08)
New York 53.92 (52.08 - 55.75) 18.75 (17.25 - 20.35) 63.30 (61.05 - 65.49) 56.88 (54.60 - 59.14)
North Carolina 43.62 (40.07 - 47.23) 14.92 (12.71 - 17.44) 55.48 (51.49 - 59.40) 45.49 (41.06 - 49.99)
North Dakota 59.32 (56.01 - 62.55) 20.04 (17.44 - 22.92) 74.56 (70.85 - 77.94) 61.15 (56.96 - 65.18)
Ohio 51.00 (49.23 - 52.77) 16.37 (15.01 - 17.82) 63.71 (61.67 - 65.70) 53.49 (51.28 - 55.68)
Oklahoma 42.37 (39.02 - 45.78) 17.41 (14.80 - 20.38) 55.52 (51.60 - 59.36) 43.19 (39.03 - 47.45)
Oregon 56.61 (53.35 - 59.81) 18.32 (15.78 - 21.17) 64.13 (60.18 - 67.89) 60.22 (56.19 - 64.12)
Pennsylvania 52.86 (51.06 - 54.66) 16.69 (15.22 - 18.26) 64.85 (62.85 - 66.79) 55.55 (53.30 - 57.78)
Rhode Island 60.38 (57.06 - 63.61) 19.79 (16.95 - 22.96) 73.05 (69.26 - 76.53) 63.25 (59.15 - 67.17)
South Carolina 42.98 (39.85 - 46.17) 13.67 (11.64 - 15.99) 52.79 (48.65 - 56.90) 45.24 (41.38 - 49.17)
South Dakota 59.71 (56.41 - 62.91) 22.03 (19.16 - 25.20) 72.36 (68.69 - 75.75) 62.45 (58.27 - 66.46)
Tennessee 40.85 (37.58 - 44.19) 14.34 (12.12 - 16.89) 55.11 (50.94 - 59.20) 41.76 (37.77 - 45.87)
Texas 48.62 (46.91 - 50.33) 16.91 (15.49 - 18.43) 57.65 (55.44 - 59.83) 51.73 (49.57 - 53.90)
Utah 30.05 (26.93 - 33.37) 12.08 (9.70 - 14.94) 34.91 (30.84 - 39.22) 31.82 (27.68 - 36.28)
Vermont 59.19 (55.91 - 62.39) 18.63 (16.14 - 21.41) 71.40 (67.82 - 74.74) 62.26 (58.17 - 66.19)
Virginia 51.24 (47.76 - 54.72) 13.93 (11.66 - 16.56) 64.16 (60.43 - 67.74) 54.07 (49.70 - 58.39)
Washington 56.48 (53.13 - 59.78) 15.78 (13.44 - 18.45) 62.85 (58.75 - 66.77) 60.74 (56.59 - 64.75)
West Virginia 35.95 (32.82 - 39.20) 16.47 (14.05 - 19.22) 53.83 (49.97 - 57.63) 35.33 (31.55 - 39.30)
Wisconsin 65.30 (62.11 - 68.36) 22.59 (19.75 - 25.70) 75.72 (72.17 - 78.94) 69.11 (65.12 - 72.83)
Wyoming 53.00 (49.57 - 56.39) 19.17 (16.61 - 22.02) 66.67 (62.80 - 70.33) 54.84 (50.55 - 59.06)

61025

Table B.10 Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 22.70   10.49   41.54   21.07  
Alabama 19.11 (16.92 - 21.51) 10.03 (8.16 - 12.26) 33.61 (30.03 - 37.40) 17.76 (15.15 - 20.70)
Alaska 21.80 (19.47 - 24.31) 9.62 (7.69 - 11.99) 37.34 (33.39 - 41.46) 20.97 (18.08 - 24.18)
Arizona 24.11 (21.73 - 26.66) 11.54 (9.45 - 14.02) 44.03 (40.18 - 47.95) 22.31 (19.46 - 25.45)
Arkansas 19.23 (17.04 - 21.64) 10.23 (8.38 - 12.42) 36.63 (32.99 - 40.43) 17.33 (14.72 - 20.29)
California 20.02 (18.82 - 21.27) 9.99 (8.83 - 11.29) 35.42 (33.36 - 37.53) 18.73 (17.22 - 20.34)
Colorado 24.28 (21.79 - 26.95) 12.63 (10.46 - 15.18) 48.57 (44.37 - 52.80) 21.59 (18.66 - 24.84)
Connecticut 25.82 (23.10 - 28.74) 12.05 (9.96 - 14.51) 48.69 (44.74 - 52.66) 24.16 (20.90 - 27.75)
Delaware 20.60 (18.30 - 23.10) 9.82 (7.78 - 12.34) 42.95 (39.31 - 46.68) 18.09 (15.36 - 21.20)
District of Columbia 27.46 (24.71 - 30.38) 6.79 (5.11 - 8.96) 46.30 (42.21 - 50.44) 26.03 (22.79 - 29.54)
Florida 21.52 (20.24 - 22.87) 9.26 (8.25 - 10.39) 38.69 (36.74 - 40.68) 20.44 (18.86 - 22.12)
Georgia 19.55 (17.31 - 22.00) 8.43 (6.79 - 10.42) 32.81 (29.26 - 36.57) 18.72 (16.01 - 21.76)
Hawaii 21.66 (18.99 - 24.58) 9.34 (7.46 - 11.64) 42.88 (38.81 - 47.04) 19.94 (16.79 - 23.51)
Idaho 22.09 (19.78 - 24.59) 10.52 (8.69 - 12.68) 39.11 (35.52 - 42.83) 20.36 (17.50 - 23.54)
Illinois 26.27 (24.93 - 27.66) 10.41 (9.31 - 11.63) 46.71 (44.63 - 48.81) 24.84 (23.16 - 26.60)
Indiana 21.99 (19.76 - 24.39) 10.80 (9.00 - 12.91) 42.03 (38.36 - 45.79) 19.92 (17.24 - 22.89)
Iowa 27.87 (25.36 - 30.53) 12.95 (10.86 - 15.38) 52.50 (48.59 - 56.38) 25.19 (22.18 - 28.46)
Kansas 26.18 (23.59 - 28.94) 13.98 (11.64 - 16.71) 48.64 (44.52 - 52.78) 23.50 (20.41 - 26.90)
Kentucky 21.91 (19.70 - 24.30) 11.24 (9.37 - 13.43) 39.12 (35.43 - 42.95) 20.34 (17.74 - 23.21)
Louisiana 24.06 (21.57 - 26.74) 10.48 (8.74 - 12.52) 38.73 (35.10 - 42.50) 23.09 (20.02 - 26.48)
Maine 20.99 (18.72 - 23.47) 11.59 (9.52 - 14.04) 42.52 (38.86 - 46.26) 18.80 (16.11 - 21.81)
Maryland 19.96 (17.71 - 22.41) 9.13 (7.44 - 11.16) 37.26 (33.59 - 41.08) 18.65 (15.96 - 21.68)
Massachusetts 26.15 (23.66 - 28.80) 12.06 (9.91 - 14.59) 52.78 (48.82 - 56.71) 23.56 (20.60 - 26.79)
Michigan 24.59 (23.25 - 25.97) 10.43 (9.35 - 11.62) 45.85 (43.83 - 47.89) 22.88 (21.23 - 24.63)
Minnesota 27.42 (24.78 - 30.22) 12.94 (10.80 - 15.43) 47.63 (43.69 - 51.60) 25.67 (22.47 - 29.15)
Mississippi 19.76 (17.59 - 22.12) 8.72 (7.04 - 10.75) 34.41 (31.05 - 37.94) 18.45 (15.85 - 21.37)
Missouri 24.35 (22.01 - 26.85) 12.84 (10.76 - 15.26) 47.07 (43.27 - 50.91) 21.82 (19.04 - 24.87)
Montana 28.47 (25.71 - 31.40) 15.55 (13.10 - 18.36) 53.81 (50.08 - 57.50) 25.51 (22.18 - 29.17)
Nebraska 27.17 (24.61 - 29.90) 13.05 (10.84 - 15.62) 51.31 (47.25 - 55.35) 24.41 (21.32 - 27.79)
Nevada 22.50 (19.97 - 25.25) 10.60 (8.61 - 12.98) 39.38 (35.48 - 43.41) 21.39 (18.35 - 24.77)
New Hampshire 23.74 (21.38 - 26.28) 11.71 (9.71 - 14.07) 48.94 (44.81 - 53.09) 21.33 (18.54 - 24.41)
New Jersey 21.35 (18.92 - 24.00) 10.47 (8.58 - 12.73) 42.19 (38.05 - 46.45) 19.69 (16.85 - 22.88)
New Mexico 21.27 (18.92 - 23.83) 12.17 (10.01 - 14.72) 37.74 (33.89 - 41.76) 19.46 (16.66 - 22.61)
New York 23.00 (21.60 - 24.46) 11.21 (10.04 - 12.49) 43.43 (41.22 - 45.67) 21.12 (19.41 - 22.94)
North Carolina 20.67 (18.24 - 23.35) 8.98 (7.29 - 11.02) 37.21 (33.52 - 41.06) 19.48 (16.55 - 22.79)
North Dakota 31.52 (28.83 - 34.35) 14.24 (11.84 - 17.05) 58.05 (54.09 - 61.90) 28.24 (24.91 - 31.81)
Ohio 22.86 (21.64 - 24.12) 10.63 (9.56 - 11.81) 45.05 (43.02 - 47.09) 20.66 (19.16 - 22.24)
Oklahoma 21.42 (19.09 - 23.95) 11.83 (9.71 - 14.35) 39.75 (36.01 - 43.60) 19.17 (16.43 - 22.26)
Oregon 20.70 (18.49 - 23.11) 11.57 (9.47 - 14.06) 40.23 (36.38 - 44.21) 18.55 (15.98 - 21.43)
Pennsylvania 24.67 (23.29 - 26.10) 10.33 (9.24 - 11.54) 46.57 (44.51 - 48.64) 22.91 (21.20 - 24.71)
Rhode Island 27.96 (25.34 - 30.73) 12.69 (10.46 - 15.32) 51.94 (47.92 - 55.94) 25.56 (22.43 - 28.97)
South Carolina 20.18 (18.05 - 22.48) 8.34 (6.83 - 10.15) 35.70 (31.99 - 39.60) 19.04 (16.50 - 21.88)
South Dakota 27.18 (24.65 - 29.86) 13.59 (11.38 - 16.17) 52.23 (48.37 - 56.06) 24.10 (21.01 - 27.48)
Tennessee 17.79 (15.69 - 20.11) 7.68 (6.08 - 9.66) 34.76 (31.02 - 38.70) 16.20 (13.76 - 18.98)
Texas 24.00 (22.73 - 25.31) 10.26 (9.15 - 11.49) 39.70 (37.68 - 41.75) 23.02 (21.40 - 24.72)
Utah 16.33 (14.34 - 18.53) 8.67 (6.81 - 10.98) 26.66 (23.29 - 30.33) 14.82 (12.33 - 17.71)
Vermont 23.63 (21.22 - 26.22) 12.45 (10.34 - 14.93) 49.21 (45.39 - 53.04) 20.67 (17.84 - 23.82)
Virginia 22.44 (20.15 - 24.90) 8.71 (7.02 - 10.75) 44.41 (40.65 - 48.24) 20.63 (17.88 - 23.67)
Washington 21.74 (19.28 - 24.42) 9.44 (7.60 - 11.67) 39.18 (35.09 - 43.43) 20.34 (17.43 - 23.60)
West Virginia 18.67 (16.54 - 21.02) 10.77 (8.82 - 13.07) 40.49 (37.00 - 44.08) 16.13 (13.65 - 18.96)
Wisconsin 31.42 (28.67 - 34.29) 14.69 (12.39 - 17.35) 55.47 (51.51 - 59.37) 29.31 (25.98 - 32.89)
Wyoming 23.87 (21.47 - 26.45) 12.90 (10.54 - 15.68) 47.04 (43.15 - 50.97) 20.89 (18.03 - 24.08)

61025

Table B.11 Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 41.19   38.25   32.11   43.18  
Alabama 46.57 (43.33 - 49.84) 43.87 (40.14 - 47.67) 37.84 (34.21 - 41.62) 48.48 (44.46 - 52.51)
Alaska 38.41 (35.28 - 41.65) 37.33 (33.39 - 41.46) 30.36 (26.73 - 34.27) 40.18 (36.15 - 44.35)
Arizona 41.41 (38.37 - 44.53) 37.64 (33.84 - 41.60) 31.08 (27.43 - 34.99) 43.82 (40.00 - 47.72)
Arkansas 43.56 (40.35 - 46.84) 36.82 (33.14 - 40.67) 32.92 (29.51 - 36.52) 46.37 (42.36 - 50.43)
California 44.33 (42.65 - 46.02) 39.23 (37.20 - 41.30) 38.31 (36.24 - 40.43) 46.19 (44.03 - 48.37)
Colorado 37.67 (34.61 - 40.84) 33.50 (29.90 - 37.30) 29.03 (25.67 - 32.64) 39.76 (35.98 - 43.67)
Connecticut 39.94 (36.70 - 43.27) 36.68 (33.07 - 40.44) 29.58 (26.20 - 33.20) 41.95 (37.98 - 46.02)
Delaware 42.18 (39.06 - 45.37) 37.46 (33.89 - 41.17) 30.65 (27.07 - 34.48) 44.77 (40.85 - 48.75)
District of Columbia 42.27 (39.09 - 45.51) 43.25 (39.44 - 47.13) 31.95 (28.33 - 35.80) 44.03 (40.18 - 47.95)
Florida 44.59 (42.90 - 46.29) 38.93 (36.96 - 40.93) 36.48 (34.53 - 38.47) 46.49 (44.41 - 48.59)
Georgia 45.51 (42.41 - 48.65) 44.41 (40.34 - 48.56) 40.86 (37.17 - 44.65) 46.52 (42.65 - 50.44)
Hawaii 39.28 (35.67 - 43.00) 39.38 (35.41 - 43.51) 30.56 (27.02 - 34.34) 40.61 (36.21 - 45.16)
Idaho 39.60 (36.67 - 42.60) 38.78 (35.12 - 42.58) 30.69 (27.38 - 34.20) 41.54 (37.82 - 45.37)
Illinois 38.07 (36.42 - 39.74) 36.93 (34.94 - 38.97) 31.23 (29.44 - 33.07) 39.45 (37.36 - 41.58)
Indiana 39.90 (37.03 - 42.85) 36.01 (32.69 - 39.48) 30.40 (27.09 - 33.93) 42.18 (38.59 - 45.86)
Iowa 35.92 (33.03 - 38.91) 33.89 (30.47 - 37.49) 23.94 (20.82 - 27.36) 38.39 (34.79 - 42.11)
Kansas 38.28 (35.23 - 41.43) 38.06 (34.46 - 41.80) 25.53 (22.28 - 29.07) 40.79 (36.94 - 44.77)
Kentucky 40.61 (37.67 - 43.62) 35.98 (32.49 - 39.62) 33.78 (30.23 - 37.51) 42.36 (38.73 - 46.08)
Louisiana 42.23 (39.19 - 45.34) 40.45 (36.94 - 44.06) 36.36 (32.78 - 40.09) 43.68 (39.86 - 47.58)
Maine 37.15 (33.98 - 40.43) 31.79 (28.51 - 35.26) 23.01 (20.13 - 26.16) 40.01 (36.09 - 44.05)
Maryland 44.04 (40.68 - 47.46) 40.03 (36.35 - 43.84) 34.19 (30.77 - 37.79) 46.21 (41.98 - 50.48)
Massachusetts 34.25 (31.17 - 37.46) 32.19 (28.76 - 35.83) 25.70 (22.48 - 29.22) 35.88 (32.12 - 39.83)
Michigan 37.82 (36.25 - 39.43) 36.44 (34.57 - 38.35) 28.95 (27.15 - 30.81) 39.58 (37.56 - 41.64)
Minnesota 35.14 (32.34 - 38.05) 32.52 (29.10 - 36.12) 24.55 (21.41 - 28.00) 37.43 (33.92 - 41.07)
Mississippi 47.74 (44.62 - 50.87) 45.66 (41.75 - 49.63) 40.79 (37.31 - 44.36) 49.42 (45.49 - 53.37)
Missouri 39.68 (36.60 - 42.85) 37.31 (33.74 - 41.02) 25.80 (22.64 - 29.24) 42.50 (38.64 - 46.45)
Montana 34.85 (31.84 - 37.99) 33.18 (29.82 - 36.72) 23.10 (20.16 - 26.32) 37.22 (33.42 - 41.17)
Nebraska 35.65 (32.83 - 38.58) 35.03 (31.50 - 38.73) 23.50 (20.29 - 27.05) 38.11 (34.58 - 41.76)
Nevada 42.52 (39.25 - 45.86) 37.60 (33.74 - 41.63) 38.36 (34.45 - 42.42) 43.85 (39.86 - 47.92)
New Hampshire 33.75 (30.93 - 36.68) 32.33 (28.96 - 35.90) 21.36 (18.37 - 24.67) 35.92 (32.46 - 39.54)
New Jersey 42.72 (39.40 - 46.10) 36.25 (32.76 - 39.89) 32.56 (28.86 - 36.48) 45.09 (40.99 - 49.26)
New Mexico 46.95 (43.91 - 50.01) 38.29 (34.57 - 42.16) 37.62 (33.86 - 41.53) 50.01 (46.18 - 53.83)
New York 42.72 (40.99 - 44.46) 39.11 (36.98 - 41.29) 30.77 (28.71 - 32.91) 45.17 (43.04 - 47.31)
North Carolina 44.32 (40.81 - 47.89) 39.52 (35.80 - 43.37) 31.91 (28.35 - 35.69) 47.03 (42.66 - 51.45)
North Dakota 33.78 (30.78 - 36.91) 33.52 (30.11 - 37.11) 22.50 (19.35 - 26.00) 36.14 (32.38 - 40.08)
Ohio 37.41 (35.83 - 39.03) 37.43 (35.54 - 39.37) 27.90 (26.14 - 29.73) 39.06 (37.06 - 41.10)
Oklahoma 41.35 (38.25 - 44.52) 37.91 (34.24 - 41.72) 30.67 (27.26 - 34.30) 43.87 (40.01 - 47.81)
Oregon 39.39 (36.45 - 42.41) 33.94 (30.31 - 37.77) 27.67 (24.40 - 31.20) 42.08 (38.44 - 45.80)
Pennsylvania 36.38 (34.73 - 38.06) 38.39 (36.44 - 40.38) 25.56 (23.80 - 27.41) 37.90 (35.83 - 40.01)
Rhode Island 38.71 (35.67 - 41.85) 38.19 (34.47 - 42.05) 26.78 (23.29 - 30.58) 40.94 (37.20 - 44.79)
South Carolina 42.25 (39.36 - 45.19) 41.01 (37.60 - 44.52) 33.71 (30.12 - 37.50) 43.93 (40.30 - 47.62)
South Dakota 34.03 (31.13 - 37.04) 33.34 (29.71 - 37.17) 23.27 (20.17 - 26.70) 36.26 (32.61 - 40.07)
Tennessee 43.33 (40.17 - 46.54) 41.33 (37.73 - 45.03) 35.53 (31.89 - 39.35) 44.89 (41.03 - 48.81)
Texas 44.04 (42.51 - 45.58) 40.40 (38.41 - 42.41) 34.54 (32.65 - 36.49) 46.48 (44.46 - 48.51)
Utah 45.94 (42.81 - 49.11) 47.44 (43.23 - 51.69) 38.44 (34.47 - 42.58) 47.76 (43.62 - 51.93)
Vermont 33.65 (30.70 - 36.72) 29.30 (26.13 - 32.70) 22.46 (19.53 - 25.70) 36.11 (32.47 - 39.93)
Virginia 43.08 (39.88 - 46.34) 40.68 (37.10 - 44.37) 33.32 (29.86 - 36.97) 45.02 (41.03 - 49.08)
Washington 37.15 (34.14 - 40.27) 34.77 (31.24 - 38.48) 27.18 (23.79 - 30.86) 39.19 (35.47 - 43.05)
West Virginia 41.74 (38.51 - 45.05) 35.52 (32.11 - 39.08) 31.14 (27.82 - 34.66) 44.10 (40.16 - 48.12)
Wisconsin 29.75 (26.86 - 32.80) 31.13 (27.73 - 34.74) 20.35 (17.37 - 23.70) 31.25 (27.67 - 35.07)
Wyoming 38.16 (35.05 - 41.36) 34.30 (30.85 - 37.93) 24.33 (20.92 - 28.11) 41.31 (37.46 - 45.27)

61020

Table B.12 Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 28.47   19.19  
Alabama 25.36 (22.80 - 28.09) 16.47 (14.38 - 18.79)
Alaska 26.65 (24.12 - 29.33) 18.38 (16.12 - 20.89)
Arizona 27.15 (24.33 - 30.16) 18.59 (16.27 - 21.15)
Arkansas 25.17 (22.74 - 27.76) 17.00 (14.96 - 19.26)
California 25.57 (24.09 - 27.11) 16.62 (15.37 - 17.96)
Colorado 34.21 (31.31 - 37.23) 22.29 (19.81 - 24.98)
Connecticut 33.35 (30.64 - 36.17) 21.69 (19.31 - 24.28)
Delaware 31.18 (28.47 - 34.02) 19.53 (17.06 - 22.26)
District of Columbia 30.57 (27.81 - 33.47) 18.57 (16.12 - 21.30)
Florida 27.73 (26.20 - 29.33) 18.05 (16.79 - 19.39)
Georgia 23.77 (21.31 - 26.41) 14.81 (12.86 - 17.01)
Hawaii 23.69 (21.16 - 26.43) 17.81 (15.54 - 20.33)
Idaho 26.10 (23.47 - 28.92) 18.71 (16.48 - 21.17)
Illinois 29.03 (27.55 - 30.57) 19.69 (18.32 - 21.13)
Indiana 28.53 (25.96 - 31.23) 19.16 (17.09 - 21.43)
Iowa 33.82 (31.05 - 36.71) 26.01 (23.44 - 28.76)
Kansas 31.84 (28.95 - 34.88) 24.42 (21.87 - 27.18)
Kentucky 28.06 (25.56 - 30.71) 19.10 (16.91 - 21.50)
Louisiana 28.76 (26.15 - 31.52) 18.23 (16.11 - 20.56)
Maine 30.97 (28.31 - 33.76) 21.31 (18.96 - 23.86)
Maryland 26.50 (24.16 - 28.98) 15.95 (14.02 - 18.08)
Massachusetts 34.81 (32.09 - 37.63) 24.70 (22.26 - 27.30)
Michigan 28.72 (27.30 - 30.19) 19.92 (18.68 - 21.21)
Minnesota 32.41 (29.87 - 35.06) 22.94 (20.54 - 25.53)
Mississippi 24.31 (21.85 - 26.95) 15.56 (13.58 - 17.76)
Missouri 32.60 (29.92 - 35.40) 22.60 (20.27 - 25.12)
Montana 35.62 (32.84 - 38.51) 27.67 (25.06 - 30.43)
Nebraska 32.10 (29.33 - 35.01) 24.02 (21.65 - 26.56)
Nevada 25.11 (22.43 - 27.99) 17.18 (14.97 - 19.64)
New Hampshire 32.15 (29.47 - 34.94) 22.54 (20.19 - 25.08)
New Jersey 30.05 (27.39 - 32.85) 18.82 (16.61 - 21.24)
New Mexico 27.89 (25.13 - 30.81) 19.38 (16.98 - 22.03)
New York 31.44 (29.82 - 33.10) 21.20 (19.82 - 22.64)
North Carolina 24.18 (21.68 - 26.86) 15.35 (13.39 - 17.54)
North Dakota 38.46 (35.63 - 41.37) 29.47 (26.80 - 32.29)
Ohio 28.91 (27.47 - 30.40) 20.85 (19.52 - 22.24)
Oklahoma 27.65 (24.94 - 30.53) 19.53 (17.19 - 22.12)
Oregon 30.36 (27.69 - 33.17) 20.31 (17.90 - 22.96)
Pennsylvania 29.63 (28.19 - 31.12) 20.92 (19.60 - 22.30)
Rhode Island 36.56 (33.67 - 39.56) 25.43 (22.93 - 28.10)
South Carolina 22.20 (19.88 - 24.71) 15.22 (13.27 - 17.40)
South Dakota 38.32 (35.39 - 41.34) 26.97 (24.50 - 29.60)
Tennessee 23.91 (21.35 - 26.67) 14.33 (12.30 - 16.64)
Texas 27.74 (26.26 - 29.28) 18.32 (17.02 - 19.68)
Utah 21.33 (18.47 - 24.50) 16.70 (14.37 - 19.32)
Vermont 34.02 (31.35 - 36.79) 24.51 (22.10 - 27.09)
Virginia 27.51 (25.08 - 30.08) 18.51 (16.48 - 20.74)
Washington 28.67 (25.94 - 31.55) 19.14 (16.81 - 21.70)
West Virginia 27.92 (25.18 - 30.83) 20.02 (17.79 - 22.46)
Wisconsin 39.45 (36.57 - 42.40) 28.08 (25.42 - 30.89)
Wyoming 33.13 (30.16 - 36.25) 23.32 (20.77 - 26.09)

61025

Table B.13 Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Tobacco products include cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 29.31   13.76   44.44   28.79  
Alabama 32.72 (30.01 - 35.54) 15.95 (13.47 - 18.78) 46.30 (42.45 - 50.18) 32.55 (29.21 - 36.07)
Alaska 29.73 (27.01 - 32.59) 15.14 (12.55 - 18.15) 47.56 (43.72 - 51.42) 28.89 (25.43 - 32.61)
Arizona 26.70 (24.19 - 29.37) 13.68 (11.27 - 16.50) 40.94 (37.25 - 44.73) 26.00 (22.90 - 29.36)
Arkansas 34.88 (32.10 - 37.76) 16.20 (13.66 - 19.12) 50.35 (46.78 - 53.92) 34.61 (31.16 - 38.22)
California 21.19 (19.81 - 22.63) 10.87 (9.68 - 12.20) 34.04 (32.03 - 36.11) 20.41 (18.68 - 22.25)
Colorado 27.03 (24.51 - 29.70) 15.93 (13.38 - 18.86) 47.02 (43.02 - 51.07) 25.03 (21.99 - 28.33)
Connecticut 26.56 (23.79 - 29.53) 15.52 (13.09 - 18.29) 45.57 (41.74 - 49.45) 25.13 (21.79 - 28.79)
Delaware 29.90 (27.17 - 32.77) 14.77 (12.49 - 17.38) 44.69 (41.05 - 48.39) 29.25 (25.92 - 32.81)
District of Columbia 28.38 (25.69 - 31.24) 9.33 (7.43 - 11.66) 39.26 (35.62 - 43.02) 28.23 (24.99 - 31.70)
Florida 28.70 (27.20 - 30.25) 11.95 (10.70 - 13.33) 41.92 (39.93 - 43.94) 28.76 (26.92 - 30.67)
Georgia 29.71 (27.06 - 32.50) 12.83 (10.65 - 15.39) 40.22 (36.59 - 43.96) 30.20 (26.91 - 33.72)
Hawaii 22.42 (19.79 - 25.28) 10.30 (8.22 - 12.82) 39.43 (35.44 - 43.56) 21.32 (18.17 - 24.85)
Idaho 27.46 (25.07 - 29.97) 13.14 (10.90 - 15.77) 44.81 (41.14 - 48.55) 26.06 (23.07 - 29.29)
Illinois 31.34 (29.80 - 32.92) 12.81 (11.49 - 14.25) 47.62 (45.53 - 49.72) 31.02 (29.08 - 33.03)
Indiana 32.72 (30.00 - 35.57) 14.19 (11.94 - 16.78) 48.24 (44.49 - 52.00) 32.51 (29.11 - 36.11)
Iowa 31.29 (28.59 - 34.12) 14.61 (12.14 - 17.49) 51.14 (47.29 - 54.98) 29.71 (26.41 - 33.24)
Kansas 33.02 (30.25 - 35.91) 16.61 (14.09 - 19.46) 48.79 (44.72 - 52.88) 32.23 (28.83 - 35.83)
Kentucky 38.32 (35.50 - 41.23) 21.04 (18.31 - 24.05) 53.23 (49.37 - 57.05) 37.98 (34.51 - 41.57)
Louisiana 32.34 (29.62 - 35.19) 12.21 (10.22 - 14.52) 43.77 (40.10 - 47.50) 32.99 (29.55 - 36.63)
Maine 31.30 (28.47 - 34.28) 17.98 (15.23 - 21.11) 51.95 (48.28 - 55.60) 29.72 (26.28 - 33.41)
Maryland 26.27 (23.57 - 29.18) 12.06 (10.00 - 14.48) 40.03 (36.45 - 43.72) 26.03 (22.68 - 29.68)
Massachusetts 27.77 (25.14 - 30.56) 13.95 (11.69 - 16.57) 46.62 (42.70 - 50.57) 26.41 (23.24 - 29.85)
Michigan 32.65 (31.09 - 34.24) 13.95 (12.68 - 15.32) 49.93 (47.98 - 51.89) 32.30 (30.33 - 34.32)
Minnesota 29.79 (27.25 - 32.47) 15.82 (13.32 - 18.69) 50.89 (47.04 - 54.74) 27.81 (24.70 - 31.14)
Mississippi 32.46 (29.78 - 35.26) 13.82 (11.57 - 16.44) 46.33 (42.78 - 49.92) 32.41 (28.98 - 36.04)
Missouri 36.01 (33.18 - 38.94) 19.21 (16.41 - 22.37) 51.60 (47.82 - 55.37) 35.47 (31.95 - 39.15)
Montana 34.62 (31.56 - 37.82) 19.55 (16.75 - 22.68) 51.47 (47.76 - 55.18) 33.49 (29.67 - 37.54)
Nebraska 28.87 (26.17 - 31.73) 15.60 (12.98 - 18.64) 45.52 (41.49 - 49.61) 27.45 (24.13 - 31.03)
Nevada 30.78 (27.99 - 33.72) 12.82 (10.48 - 15.58) 43.68 (39.83 - 47.60) 31.12 (27.68 - 34.78)
New Hampshire 27.80 (25.26 - 30.50) 13.45 (11.09 - 16.23) 47.29 (43.27 - 51.33) 26.62 (23.55 - 29.93)
New Jersey 25.49 (22.74 - 28.45) 13.30 (11.01 - 15.97) 41.86 (38.11 - 45.71) 24.67 (21.33 - 28.35)
New Mexico 27.93 (25.42 - 30.59) 15.14 (12.57 - 18.13) 45.36 (41.51 - 49.26) 26.49 (23.41 - 29.82)
New York 27.65 (26.13 - 29.23) 12.74 (11.41 - 14.20) 43.04 (40.90 - 45.20) 27.01 (25.14 - 28.97)
North Carolina 32.57 (29.72 - 35.55) 17.11 (14.51 - 20.06) 48.70 (44.69 - 52.72) 31.95 (28.44 - 35.68)
North Dakota 32.39 (29.64 - 35.27) 17.57 (15.02 - 20.44) 49.87 (46.00 - 53.73) 30.66 (27.28 - 34.27)
Ohio 33.39 (31.84 - 34.98) 16.01 (14.64 - 17.47) 49.68 (47.66 - 51.69) 32.91 (30.96 - 34.93)
Oklahoma 33.74 (31.00 - 36.59) 17.72 (14.92 - 20.92) 50.63 (46.92 - 54.33) 32.64 (29.23 - 36.24)
Oregon 29.29 (26.75 - 31.97) 14.46 (12.10 - 17.19) 46.52 (42.68 - 50.39) 28.26 (25.14 - 31.59)
Pennsylvania 31.82 (30.28 - 33.40) 15.45 (14.02 - 16.99) 48.84 (46.82 - 50.85) 31.13 (29.22 - 33.10)
Rhode Island 28.84 (26.20 - 31.62) 14.61 (12.13 - 17.49) 45.02 (41.16 - 48.93) 27.72 (24.54 - 31.15)
South Carolina 32.99 (30.32 - 35.77) 15.13 (12.76 - 17.85) 47.69 (43.66 - 51.76) 32.83 (29.53 - 36.30)
South Dakota 32.16 (29.55 - 34.88) 19.10 (16.25 - 22.32) 49.80 (46.09 - 53.51) 30.48 (27.21 - 33.96)
Tennessee 35.50 (32.71 - 38.40) 16.81 (14.29 - 19.66) 49.40 (45.52 - 53.29) 35.50 (32.08 - 39.07)
Texas 29.76 (28.29 - 31.28) 11.82 (10.54 - 13.23) 42.15 (40.13 - 44.19) 30.09 (28.19 - 32.05)
Utah 21.30 (18.82 - 24.02) 10.40 (8.16 - 13.16) 29.55 (25.70 - 33.72) 20.93 (17.75 - 24.50)
Vermont 29.98 (27.28 - 32.83) 16.44 (13.99 - 19.21) 52.65 (48.88 - 56.38) 27.82 (24.49 - 31.42)
Virginia 29.33 (26.54 - 32.28) 13.02 (10.86 - 15.52) 48.04 (44.31 - 51.78) 28.40 (24.97 - 32.09)
Washington 27.40 (24.87 - 30.08) 11.66 (9.44 - 14.31) 43.29 (39.31 - 47.37) 26.72 (23.63 - 30.05)
West Virginia 40.93 (37.83 - 44.11) 19.49 (16.76 - 22.54) 55.95 (52.42 - 59.41) 40.96 (37.18 - 44.84)
Wisconsin 31.93 (29.38 - 34.59) 16.45 (14.05 - 19.17) 48.95 (45.17 - 52.73) 30.93 (27.77 - 34.28)
Wyoming 32.24 (29.50 - 35.11) 17.59 (14.97 - 20.55) 48.63 (44.86 - 52.41) 31.04 (27.64 - 34.65)

61025

Table B.14 Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 24.90   11.33   39.27   24.23  
Alabama 27.07 (24.46 - 29.85) 12.43 (10.33 - 14.87) 38.87 (35.20 - 42.66) 26.94 (23.69 - 30.45)
Alaska 24.58 (22.08 - 27.27) 10.75 (8.71 - 13.20) 41.26 (37.41 - 45.23) 23.85 (20.68 - 27.33)
Arizona 22.73 (20.42 - 25.20) 11.07 (9.00 - 13.56) 35.21 (31.60 - 38.99) 22.14 (19.29 - 25.29)
Arkansas 28.00 (25.42 - 30.73) 13.08 (10.93 - 15.58) 43.36 (39.76 - 47.03) 27.25 (24.03 - 30.72)
California 18.28 (16.94 - 19.70) 8.97 (7.84 - 10.25) 30.35 (28.44 - 32.33) 17.49 (15.79 - 19.33)
Colorado 22.58 (20.27 - 25.07) 12.15 (10.14 - 14.49) 40.87 (36.93 - 44.93) 20.79 (18.03 - 23.84)
Connecticut 23.06 (20.56 - 25.77) 12.93 (10.77 - 15.45) 41.72 (37.84 - 45.72) 21.55 (18.52 - 24.93)
Delaware 25.65 (23.22 - 28.24) 12.19 (10.20 - 14.50) 39.14 (35.44 - 42.96) 25.01 (22.02 - 28.27)
District of Columbia 25.44 (22.89 - 28.18) 7.14 (5.71 - 8.89) 34.76 (31.20 - 38.49) 25.49 (22.39 - 28.85)
Florida 24.30 (22.89 - 25.76) 10.10 (8.98 - 11.35) 36.04 (34.11 - 38.01) 24.26 (22.51 - 26.11)
Georgia 24.69 (22.29 - 27.26) 10.85 (8.95 - 13.08) 35.20 (31.61 - 38.97) 24.75 (21.79 - 27.97)
Hawaii 19.45 (17.09 - 22.05) 7.72 (6.13 - 9.68) 35.71 (31.82 - 39.80) 18.41 (15.57 - 21.64)
Idaho 23.44 (21.22 - 25.83) 10.63 (8.71 - 12.91) 40.28 (36.68 - 43.99) 21.94 (19.15 - 25.01)
Illinois 27.03 (25.57 - 28.55) 10.60 (9.50 - 11.82) 43.19 (41.19 - 45.20) 26.44 (24.58 - 28.39)
Indiana 27.96 (25.38 - 30.71) 12.28 (10.23 - 14.67) 42.18 (38.47 - 45.97) 27.59 (24.39 - 31.04)
Iowa 25.73 (23.26 - 28.37) 12.17 (10.07 - 14.64) 42.51 (38.67 - 46.44) 24.34 (21.31 - 27.64)
Kansas 27.64 (25.10 - 30.34) 13.53 (11.25 - 16.19) 42.82 (39.02 - 46.70) 26.66 (23.45 - 30.12)
Kentucky 31.47 (28.73 - 34.35) 17.17 (14.59 - 20.10) 45.78 (41.93 - 49.68) 30.85 (27.45 - 34.47)
Louisiana 27.89 (25.32 - 30.60) 9.95 (8.20 - 12.02) 38.98 (35.30 - 42.79) 28.28 (25.02 - 31.78)
Maine 26.58 (24.03 - 29.30) 15.21 (12.81 - 17.98) 46.24 (42.48 - 50.04) 24.91 (21.82 - 28.29)
Maryland 22.56 (20.07 - 25.26) 10.55 (8.70 - 12.73) 36.30 (32.78 - 39.97) 22.00 (18.92 - 25.42)
Massachusetts 23.11 (20.78 - 25.63) 10.62 (8.73 - 12.86) 40.06 (36.48 - 43.74) 21.89 (19.04 - 25.04)
Michigan 28.13 (26.65 - 29.66) 12.24 (11.07 - 13.52) 45.24 (43.28 - 47.22) 27.40 (25.52 - 29.38)
Minnesota 24.98 (22.64 - 27.48) 12.85 (10.79 - 15.23) 46.34 (42.67 - 50.05) 22.71 (19.88 - 25.82)
Mississippi 26.61 (24.07 - 29.32) 11.14 (9.22 - 13.41) 38.26 (34.93 - 41.71) 26.55 (23.30 - 30.07)
Missouri 29.90 (27.24 - 32.69) 15.81 (13.46 - 18.49) 44.84 (41.12 - 48.62) 29.11 (25.79 - 32.67)
Montana 27.12 (24.53 - 29.88) 14.68 (12.40 - 17.29) 41.78 (38.19 - 45.46) 26.06 (22.79 - 29.61)
Nebraska 24.50 (22.01 - 27.16) 12.75 (10.54 - 15.33) 39.97 (36.20 - 43.86) 23.10 (20.05 - 26.46)
Nevada 26.57 (23.87 - 29.45) 10.64 (8.72 - 12.92) 38.78 (35.01 - 42.68) 26.75 (23.42 - 30.36)
New Hampshire 23.02 (20.74 - 25.48) 11.00 (9.04 - 13.33) 40.87 (36.81 - 45.04) 21.78 (19.03 - 24.81)
New Jersey 22.11 (19.60 - 24.83) 11.20 (9.23 - 13.52) 37.58 (33.79 - 41.53) 21.25 (18.20 - 24.65)
New Mexico 23.63 (21.20 - 26.24) 11.70 (9.55 - 14.25) 39.66 (35.75 - 43.70) 22.33 (19.36 - 25.61)
New York 24.53 (23.05 - 26.08) 10.71 (9.56 - 11.98) 39.53 (37.46 - 41.64) 23.81 (21.96 - 25.76)
North Carolina 26.90 (24.11 - 29.89) 13.87 (11.58 - 16.53) 44.14 (40.20 - 48.14) 25.78 (22.34 - 29.55)
North Dakota 26.09 (23.70 - 28.63) 13.78 (11.74 - 16.10) 42.52 (38.71 - 46.42) 24.26 (21.29 - 27.49)
Ohio 28.15 (26.70 - 29.65) 12.82 (11.59 - 14.16) 43.15 (41.23 - 45.10) 27.62 (25.78 - 29.54)
Oklahoma 28.96 (26.21 - 31.87) 14.87 (12.45 - 17.67) 44.15 (40.35 - 48.02) 27.93 (24.51 - 31.62)
Oregon 25.19 (22.78 - 27.76) 11.22 (9.25 - 13.55) 41.41 (37.68 - 45.25) 24.21 (21.28 - 27.41)
Pennsylvania 26.90 (25.46 - 28.40) 13.08 (11.86 - 14.42) 43.25 (41.28 - 45.25) 25.99 (24.18 - 27.88)
Rhode Island 24.81 (22.28 - 27.52) 12.02 (9.85 - 14.59) 39.63 (35.88 - 43.51) 23.75 (20.68 - 27.11)
South Carolina 28.69 (26.27 - 31.24) 11.95 (10.03 - 14.20) 41.96 (38.10 - 45.91) 28.62 (25.62 - 31.83)
South Dakota 26.24 (23.86 - 28.77) 15.52 (13.13 - 18.26) 43.43 (39.68 - 47.26) 24.33 (21.35 - 27.57)
Tennessee 29.64 (26.96 - 32.47) 13.40 (11.31 - 15.80) 43.88 (40.17 - 47.66) 29.27 (25.96 - 32.80)
Texas 25.11 (23.73 - 26.54) 9.89 (8.76 - 11.14) 37.00 (35.00 - 39.04) 25.12 (23.32 - 27.01)
Utah 19.12 (16.94 - 21.50) 8.68 (6.84 - 10.96) 27.82 (24.18 - 31.79) 18.55 (15.73 - 21.75)
Vermont 25.37 (22.77 - 28.16) 13.76 (11.58 - 16.27) 45.81 (42.09 - 49.57) 23.35 (20.16 - 26.88)
Virginia 24.79 (22.32 - 27.43) 11.08 (9.04 - 13.50) 41.74 (38.13 - 45.44) 23.80 (20.77 - 27.12)
Washington 24.02 (21.61 - 26.61) 9.20 (7.42 - 11.36) 38.84 (35.03 - 42.78) 23.41 (20.44 - 26.67)
West Virginia 32.38 (29.53 - 35.36) 16.03 (13.66 - 18.72) 47.65 (44.15 - 51.17) 31.79 (28.31 - 35.49)
Wisconsin 27.13 (24.65 - 29.75) 12.95 (10.93 - 15.27) 43.95 (40.32 - 47.65) 25.99 (22.91 - 29.31)
Wyoming 25.50 (23.07 - 28.09) 13.98 (11.87 - 16.39) 39.72 (36.00 - 43.56) 24.30 (21.27 - 27.60)

61025

Table B.15 Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 74.35   67.94   69.82   76.02  
Alabama 72.34 (69.52 - 74.99) 66.75 (63.09 - 70.23) 69.22 (65.71 - 72.52) 73.64 (70.12 - 76.88)
Alaska 71.55 (68.80 - 74.14) 69.48 (65.69 - 73.02) 67.32 (63.60 - 70.82) 72.75 (69.17 - 76.07)
Arizona 76.90 (74.33 - 79.29) 66.39 (62.46 - 70.12) 70.36 (66.54 - 73.91) 79.59 (76.37 - 82.47)
Arkansas 71.96 (69.22 - 74.55) 64.59 (60.85 - 68.16) 66.01 (62.55 - 69.30) 74.01 (70.55 - 77.20)
California 78.07 (76.67 - 79.41) 69.48 (67.49 - 71.40) 75.40 (73.45 - 77.25) 79.85 (78.09 - 81.51)
Colorado 75.48 (72.86 - 77.93) 69.31 (65.64 - 72.75) 70.20 (66.36 - 73.77) 77.26 (74.02 - 80.19)
Connecticut 75.45 (72.61 - 78.08) 68.69 (65.25 - 71.93) 72.67 (69.10 - 75.97) 76.77 (73.27 - 79.93)
Delaware 76.21 (73.59 - 78.65) 71.47 (68.04 - 74.66) 73.30 (69.89 - 76.46) 77.32 (74.03 - 80.30)
District of Columbia 78.22 (75.74 - 80.50) 66.72 (62.81 - 70.42) 74.55 (70.99 - 77.82) 79.96 (76.91 - 82.69)
Florida 76.33 (74.83 - 77.76) 68.31 (66.39 - 70.17) 72.67 (70.73 - 74.52) 77.85 (76.02 - 79.58)
Georgia 76.06 (73.50 - 78.45) 72.21 (68.59 - 75.56) 73.83 (70.46 - 76.94) 77.03 (73.75 - 80.01)
Hawaii 74.32 (71.14 - 77.27) 69.88 (66.19 - 73.33) 70.24 (66.58 - 73.67) 75.50 (71.55 - 79.07)
Idaho 74.16 (71.63 - 76.53) 69.93 (66.32 - 73.31) 69.14 (65.61 - 72.46) 75.83 (72.60 - 78.78)
Illinois 74.60 (73.15 - 76.00) 67.23 (65.35 - 69.05) 69.45 (67.57 - 71.26) 76.55 (74.72 - 78.29)
Indiana 70.98 (68.29 - 73.53) 64.80 (61.19 - 68.25) 67.45 (63.96 - 70.75) 72.50 (69.08 - 75.68)
Iowa 68.58 (65.77 - 71.26) 66.18 (62.55 - 69.63) 62.99 (59.08 - 66.74) 69.92 (66.39 - 73.22)
Kansas 71.74 (68.97 - 74.35) 67.00 (63.14 - 70.64) 65.92 (62.07 - 69.57) 73.53 (70.00 - 76.78)
Kentucky 66.01 (63.06 - 68.84) 65.22 (61.65 - 68.62) 61.46 (57.73 - 65.06) 66.88 (63.20 - 70.36)
Louisiana 72.87 (70.18 - 75.41) 67.72 (64.36 - 70.91) 71.18 (67.77 - 74.36) 73.98 (70.52 - 77.17)
Maine 70.74 (67.96 - 73.39) 62.76 (58.98 - 66.39) 64.24 (60.68 - 67.64) 72.73 (69.26 - 75.94)
Maryland 76.07 (73.24 - 78.69) 71.39 (67.95 - 74.59) 72.90 (69.43 - 76.11) 77.24 (73.65 - 80.48)
Massachusetts 76.16 (73.49 - 78.63) 67.73 (63.95 - 71.30) 72.38 (68.78 - 75.71) 77.80 (74.53 - 80.76)
Michigan 72.40 (70.91 - 73.84) 67.60 (65.74 - 69.41) 67.17 (65.22 - 69.06) 74.00 (72.12 - 75.80)
Minnesota 71.97 (69.33 - 74.48) 64.25 (60.47 - 67.87) 66.08 (62.29 - 69.67) 74.08 (70.73 - 77.18)
Mississippi 72.87 (70.16 - 75.42) 67.20 (63.50 - 70.70) 68.98 (65.55 - 72.22) 74.47 (71.00 - 77.65)
Missouri 69.74 (66.93 - 72.42) 65.95 (62.35 - 69.38) 64.66 (61.09 - 68.07) 71.17 (67.62 - 74.48)
Montana 71.72 (68.77 - 74.49) 66.42 (62.75 - 69.90) 67.64 (64.07 - 71.02) 73.15 (69.45 - 76.55)
Nebraska 70.59 (67.78 - 73.25) 65.77 (62.06 - 69.30) 65.31 (61.63 - 68.82) 72.28 (68.69 - 75.61)
Nevada 74.02 (71.22 - 76.63) 66.78 (62.89 - 70.45) 71.62 (67.88 - 75.09) 75.37 (71.92 - 78.53)
New Hampshire 72.93 (70.40 - 75.33) 69.24 (65.94 - 72.34) 66.54 (62.63 - 70.23) 74.45 (71.29 - 77.38)
New Jersey 75.03 (72.23 - 77.64) 68.19 (64.54 - 71.64) 70.66 (66.85 - 74.20) 76.59 (73.11 - 79.75)
New Mexico 75.71 (73.09 - 78.15) 65.88 (62.22 - 69.36) 69.67 (66.09 - 73.03) 78.31 (74.99 - 81.30)
New York 76.53 (75.09 - 77.91) 68.29 (66.23 - 70.28) 70.25 (68.19 - 72.22) 78.63 (76.84 - 80.31)
North Carolina 70.81 (67.80 - 73.65) 66.65 (63.15 - 69.98) 66.25 (62.46 - 69.84) 72.13 (68.37 - 75.61)
North Dakota 69.09 (66.03 - 71.99) 67.99 (64.47 - 71.31) 65.93 (62.22 - 69.45) 69.89 (66.01 - 73.50)
Ohio 71.80 (70.29 - 73.26) 67.84 (65.98 - 69.64) 66.92 (64.97 - 68.81) 73.19 (71.30 - 75.00)
Oklahoma 70.00 (67.18 - 72.67) 64.22 (60.39 - 67.88) 63.59 (59.95 - 67.08) 72.02 (68.41 - 75.36)
Oregon 76.68 (74.11 - 79.07) 71.80 (68.22 - 75.11) 72.37 (68.66 - 75.81) 78.04 (74.86 - 80.92)
Pennsylvania 74.12 (72.61 - 75.57) 66.85 (65.00 - 68.66) 66.37 (64.38 - 68.30) 76.33 (74.46 - 78.10)
Rhode Island 76.49 (73.84 - 78.95) 70.08 (66.31 - 73.60) 72.83 (69.30 - 76.11) 77.97 (74.70 - 80.92)
South Carolina 70.56 (67.83 - 73.15) 64.92 (61.55 - 68.14) 63.87 (59.83 - 67.72) 72.51 (69.09 - 75.69)
South Dakota 72.37 (69.72 - 74.86) 67.81 (64.00 - 71.40) 65.00 (61.28 - 68.54) 74.47 (71.13 - 77.55)
Tennessee 71.43 (68.68 - 74.03) 65.42 (61.81 - 68.87) 65.39 (61.73 - 68.87) 73.19 (69.80 - 76.33)
Texas 74.38 (72.95 - 75.75) 66.00 (64.04 - 67.90) 70.53 (68.58 - 72.40) 76.44 (74.61 - 78.18)
Utah 78.78 (76.14 - 81.20) 77.07 (73.32 - 80.43) 77.03 (73.38 - 80.32) 79.57 (76.05 - 82.69)
Vermont 74.70 (72.02 - 77.21) 67.00 (63.64 - 70.20) 66.95 (63.28 - 70.44) 77.00 (73.67 - 80.03)
Virginia 75.00 (72.23 - 77.58) 70.63 (67.11 - 73.91) 70.20 (66.70 - 73.49) 76.38 (72.91 - 79.53)
Washington 76.58 (73.95 - 79.02) 72.47 (68.88 - 75.79) 71.60 (67.91 - 75.01) 77.98 (74.74 - 80.92)
West Virginia 68.78 (65.83 - 71.59) 65.60 (62.00 - 69.04) 61.75 (58.23 - 65.15) 70.23 (66.63 - 73.61)
Wisconsin 72.03 (69.30 - 74.61) 68.77 (65.32 - 72.02) 67.53 (64.01 - 70.86) 73.27 (69.85 - 76.44)
Wyoming 72.43 (69.72 - 74.99) 69.63 (66.09 - 72.96) 65.36 (61.67 - 68.87) 74.16 (70.70 - 77.33)

61025

Table B.16 Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 7.71   5.78   17.47   6.27  
Alabama 6.55 (5.40 - 7.93) 5.47 (4.16 - 7.14) 12.67 (10.29 - 15.51) 5.61 (4.31 - 7.28)
Alaska 7.51 (6.36 - 8.86) 5.98 (4.56 - 7.80) 16.10 (13.44 - 19.17) 6.11 (4.79 - 7.77)
Arizona 9.00 (7.61 - 10.63) 7.08 (5.48 - 9.11) 17.77 (14.94 - 21.01) 7.69 (6.08 - 9.69)
Arkansas 6.63 (5.56 - 7.89) 5.12 (3.94 - 6.62) 15.63 (13.20 - 18.40) 5.23 (4.02 - 6.76)
California 7.77 (7.05 - 8.55) 6.08 (5.25 - 7.04) 16.74 (15.24 - 18.36) 6.39 (5.52 - 7.38)
Colorado 9.23 (7.81 - 10.88) 7.45 (5.85 - 9.44) 20.70 (17.63 - 24.15) 7.46 (5.88 - 9.41)
Connecticut 8.49 (7.12 - 10.08) 6.31 (4.91 - 8.07) 22.04 (18.95 - 25.48) 6.71 (5.18 - 8.64)
Delaware 7.02 (5.90 - 8.34) 5.00 (3.84 - 6.51) 18.56 (15.81 - 21.66) 5.28 (4.06 - 6.85)
District of Columbia 9.83 (8.22 - 11.72) 3.95 (2.90 - 5.37) 18.69 (15.80 - 21.98) 8.80 (6.94 - 11.09)
Florida 8.02 (7.25 - 8.86) 5.76 (4.97 - 6.66) 16.94 (15.42 - 18.58) 6.96 (6.04 - 8.00)
Georgia 5.97 (4.89 - 7.27) 4.31 (3.19 - 5.79) 11.87 (9.62 - 14.55) 5.13 (3.89 - 6.74)
Hawaii 6.84 (5.65 - 8.26) 5.37 (3.98 - 7.22) 17.51 (14.57 - 20.89) 5.38 (4.06 - 7.10)
Idaho 7.82 (6.63 - 9.20) 7.05 (5.58 - 8.88) 16.34 (13.72 - 19.36) 6.19 (4.84 - 7.88)
Illinois 8.40 (7.65 - 9.21) 5.80 (5.00 - 6.71) 19.95 (18.32 - 21.69) 6.70 (5.81 - 7.72)
Indiana 7.87 (6.69 - 9.25) 5.93 (4.67 - 7.50) 18.26 (15.56 - 21.30) 6.26 (4.91 - 7.95)
Iowa 8.75 (7.54 - 10.14) 7.48 (5.92 - 9.40) 23.30 (20.13 - 26.81) 6.23 (4.90 - 7.88)
Kansas 8.86 (7.52 - 10.42) 7.61 (5.94 - 9.71) 20.55 (17.45 - 24.04) 6.76 (5.28 - 8.63)
Kentucky 6.78 (5.72 - 8.02) 6.10 (4.81 - 7.71) 14.16 (11.81 - 16.88) 5.62 (4.43 - 7.10)
Louisiana 7.61 (6.40 - 9.01) 5.09 (3.94 - 6.55) 14.21 (11.87 - 16.91) 6.64 (5.24 - 8.38)
Maine 7.31 (6.13 - 8.69) 6.72 (5.23 - 8.61) 16.57 (13.93 - 19.59) 5.94 (4.63 - 7.59)
Maryland 6.84 (5.70 - 8.19) 5.05 (3.88 - 6.55) 15.13 (12.60 - 18.06) 5.74 (4.44 - 7.39)
Massachusetts 7.96 (6.70 - 9.44) 5.32 (4.10 - 6.89) 19.42 (16.55 - 22.64) 6.43 (5.01 - 8.21)
Michigan 7.88 (7.18 - 8.64) 5.57 (4.81 - 6.44) 18.89 (17.36 - 20.51) 6.28 (5.46 - 7.23)
Minnesota 8.76 (7.48 - 10.24) 6.10 (4.76 - 7.79) 19.60 (16.68 - 22.88) 7.14 (5.68 - 8.94)
Mississippi 6.62 (5.53 - 7.91) 4.48 (3.39 - 5.91) 13.50 (11.17 - 16.22) 5.57 (4.32 - 7.14)
Missouri 8.93 (7.67 - 10.38) 7.04 (5.54 - 8.91) 20.95 (18.13 - 24.08) 7.03 (5.59 - 8.80)
Montana 9.94 (8.51 - 11.58) 9.01 (7.12 - 11.35) 25.60 (22.44 - 29.05) 7.21 (5.58 - 9.26)
Nebraska 9.47 (8.17 - 10.95) 7.47 (5.89 - 9.44) 23.63 (20.33 - 27.28) 6.99 (5.55 - 8.77)
Nevada 8.39 (7.12 - 9.86) 6.23 (4.83 - 7.99) 19.68 (16.70 - 23.04) 6.86 (5.44 - 8.62)
New Hampshire 7.76 (6.56 - 9.15) 6.04 (4.71 - 7.72) 21.19 (17.99 - 24.78) 5.84 (4.53 - 7.50)
New Jersey 6.52 (5.40 - 7.86) 5.68 (4.35 - 7.40) 15.51 (12.95 - 18.48) 5.29 (4.03 - 6.92)
New Mexico 8.57 (7.27 - 10.09) 6.65 (5.13 - 8.58) 18.67 (15.79 - 21.94) 6.93 (5.42 - 8.81)
New York 6.90 (6.21 - 7.66) 5.38 (4.58 - 6.31) 16.95 (15.38 - 18.65) 5.42 (4.62 - 6.35)
North Carolina 6.94 (5.77 - 8.31) 5.29 (4.06 - 6.87) 14.66 (12.15 - 17.59) 5.87 (4.55 - 7.53)
North Dakota 9.80 (8.42 - 11.36) 8.23 (6.52 - 10.33) 24.19 (21.09 - 27.57) 7.03 (5.48 - 8.96)
Ohio 7.26 (6.63 - 7.95) 5.41 (4.67 - 6.24) 18.05 (16.50 - 19.72) 5.64 (4.90 - 6.48)
Oklahoma 7.88 (6.72 - 9.21) 6.25 (4.81 - 8.08) 18.55 (15.81 - 21.64) 6.04 (4.75 - 7.64)
Oregon 7.74 (6.55 - 9.13) 6.31 (4.90 - 8.09) 17.94 (15.18 - 21.08) 6.19 (4.89 - 7.81)
Pennsylvania 7.57 (6.87 - 8.33) 5.65 (4.84 - 6.57) 19.03 (17.48 - 20.68) 5.93 (5.09 - 6.89)
Rhode Island 8.26 (7.06 - 9.64) 5.89 (4.53 - 7.61) 19.99 (17.05 - 23.29) 6.44 (5.12 - 8.08)
South Carolina 7.79 (6.47 - 9.36) 4.61 (3.55 - 5.97) 13.60 (11.03 - 16.67) 7.20 (5.64 - 9.14)
South Dakota 9.35 (7.96 - 10.96) 8.15 (6.37 - 10.36) 22.59 (19.60 - 25.89) 6.89 (5.37 - 8.80)
Tennessee 6.67 (5.58 - 7.96) 4.81 (3.67 - 6.29) 14.83 (12.35 - 17.70) 5.54 (4.31 - 7.08)
Texas 7.72 (7.01 - 8.51) 5.25 (4.49 - 6.13) 16.28 (14.79 - 17.88) 6.41 (5.54 - 7.41)
Utah 7.26 (6.12 - 8.60) 5.23 (3.96 - 6.86) 14.15 (11.78 - 16.91) 5.71 (4.39 - 7.41)
Vermont 8.67 (7.43 - 10.10) 6.43 (5.07 - 8.12) 22.71 (19.68 - 26.06) 6.55 (5.15 - 8.29)
Virginia 7.38 (6.25 - 8.70) 5.01 (3.84 - 6.51) 18.27 (15.48 - 21.43) 5.89 (4.64 - 7.46)
Washington 8.26 (6.99 - 9.74) 5.74 (4.40 - 7.47) 18.78 (15.87 - 22.09) 6.77 (5.34 - 8.55)
West Virginia 6.99 (5.90 - 8.25) 6.49 (5.09 - 8.25) 18.18 (15.51 - 21.19) 5.28 (4.10 - 6.78)
Wisconsin 10.14 (8.71 - 11.77) 8.05 (6.44 - 10.02) 24.12 (20.90 - 27.66) 7.90 (6.30 - 9.87)
Wyoming 9.35 (7.97 - 10.95) 8.10 (6.40 - 10.19) 20.31 (17.32 - 23.66) 7.43 (5.87 - 9.35)

61025

Table B.17 Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 3.38   2.14   7.21   2.87  
Alabama 3.11 (2.44 - 3.97) 2.43 (1.63 - 3.60) 6.19 (4.73 - 8.06) 2.66 (1.91 - 3.70)
Alaska 3.62 (2.86 - 4.57) 2.48 (1.69 - 3.62) 6.64 (5.08 - 8.64) 3.24 (2.35 - 4.44)
Arizona 4.11 (3.24 - 5.20) 2.68 (1.82 - 3.95) 8.24 (6.43 - 10.50) 3.57 (2.59 - 4.91)
Arkansas 2.99 (2.38 - 3.75) 1.72 (1.14 - 2.59) 6.49 (5.07 - 8.28) 2.54 (1.84 - 3.49)
California 3.61 (3.13 - 4.15) 2.43 (1.91 - 3.09) 7.15 (6.15 - 8.28) 3.14 (2.57 - 3.82)
Colorado 3.97 (3.16 - 4.97) 3.00 (2.07 - 4.32) 9.51 (7.52 - 11.97) 3.13 (2.24 - 4.35)
Connecticut 3.48 (2.74 - 4.41) 2.02 (1.36 - 2.99) 8.07 (6.29 - 10.29) 2.97 (2.15 - 4.10)
Delaware 2.75 (2.12 - 3.57) 1.76 (1.18 - 2.62) 5.83 (4.45 - 7.62) 2.34 (1.64 - 3.34)
District of Columbia 5.31 (4.19 - 6.72) 1.58 (1.02 - 2.46) 8.86 (6.96 - 11.23) 5.03 (3.71 - 6.78)
Florida 3.27 (2.83 - 3.78) 1.91 (1.49 - 2.46) 7.19 (6.23 - 8.29) 2.85 (2.33 - 3.48)
Georgia 2.77 (2.13 - 3.59) 1.63 (1.06 - 2.51) 4.75 (3.52 - 6.39) 2.57 (1.83 - 3.59)
Hawaii 3.33 (2.54 - 4.36) 2.35 (1.50 - 3.67) 7.93 (6.01 - 10.41) 2.75 (1.87 - 4.03)
Idaho 3.30 (2.66 - 4.09) 2.41 (1.69 - 3.44) 7.23 (5.68 - 9.15) 2.63 (1.91 - 3.60)
Illinois 3.73 (3.27 - 4.26) 2.17 (1.71 - 2.74) 8.19 (7.14 - 9.37) 3.16 (2.60 - 3.83)
Indiana 3.39 (2.71 - 4.25) 2.29 (1.61 - 3.26) 7.76 (6.08 - 9.86) 2.75 (1.99 - 3.79)
Iowa 3.73 (3.03 - 4.58) 2.76 (1.95 - 3.91) 9.35 (7.48 - 11.63) 2.81 (2.05 - 3.84)
Kansas 3.71 (3.00 - 4.60) 2.87 (1.96 - 4.17) 8.30 (6.55 - 10.46) 2.94 (2.16 - 3.98)
Kentucky 3.05 (2.42 - 3.85) 2.43 (1.69 - 3.49) 6.18 (4.67 - 8.13) 2.60 (1.90 - 3.55)
Louisiana 3.14 (2.47 - 3.97) 1.60 (1.05 - 2.43) 5.54 (4.15 - 7.35) 2.88 (2.10 - 3.94)
Maine 3.17 (2.52 - 3.98) 2.43 (1.64 - 3.59) 7.18 (5.61 - 9.14) 2.64 (1.92 - 3.62)
Maryland 3.01 (2.35 - 3.84) 1.93 (1.29 - 2.87) 5.59 (4.22 - 7.38) 2.74 (1.99 - 3.75)
Massachusetts 3.73 (2.96 - 4.69) 1.86 (1.24 - 2.79) 8.92 (7.09 - 11.16) 3.12 (2.26 - 4.30)
Michigan 3.37 (2.93 - 3.87) 2.12 (1.68 - 2.66) 7.43 (6.48 - 8.50) 2.84 (2.32 - 3.46)
Minnesota 3.58 (2.89 - 4.43) 2.14 (1.48 - 3.08) 7.93 (6.24 - 10.03) 2.98 (2.22 - 4.00)
Mississippi 3.41 (2.70 - 4.31) 1.89 (1.28 - 2.79) 6.32 (4.92 - 8.07) 3.06 (2.24 - 4.17)
Missouri 3.52 (2.82 - 4.39) 2.14 (1.50 - 3.05) 7.70 (6.07 - 9.73) 2.95 (2.17 - 4.00)
Montana 4.01 (3.20 - 5.02) 3.03 (2.08 - 4.39) 9.52 (7.61 - 11.85) 3.13 (2.24 - 4.37)
Nebraska 3.65 (2.97 - 4.48) 2.40 (1.64 - 3.49) 9.51 (7.54 - 11.94) 2.69 (1.97 - 3.65)
Nevada 3.65 (2.93 - 4.55) 2.38 (1.62 - 3.49) 8.26 (6.42 - 10.57) 3.08 (2.28 - 4.17)
New Hampshire 3.20 (2.58 - 3.98) 2.09 (1.43 - 3.04) 8.22 (6.40 - 10.50) 2.55 (1.87 - 3.47)
New Jersey 2.84 (2.19 - 3.66) 2.07 (1.40 - 3.05) 5.96 (4.47 - 7.90) 2.47 (1.75 - 3.48)
New Mexico 3.85 (3.02 - 4.89) 2.50 (1.72 - 3.62) 7.55 (5.88 - 9.65) 3.34 (2.40 - 4.63)
New York 3.12 (2.67 - 3.66) 1.93 (1.49 - 2.50) 6.67 (5.72 - 7.76) 2.69 (2.15 - 3.35)
North Carolina 3.42 (2.70 - 4.31) 1.96 (1.36 - 2.83) 6.77 (5.24 - 8.70) 3.05 (2.25 - 4.13)
North Dakota 3.96 (3.22 - 4.84) 2.70 (1.90 - 3.81) 9.41 (7.54 - 11.68) 2.99 (2.22 - 4.02)
Ohio 3.12 (2.72 - 3.57) 1.97 (1.56 - 2.48) 7.16 (6.21 - 8.25) 2.57 (2.11 - 3.13)
Oklahoma 3.41 (2.74 - 4.25) 2.32 (1.60 - 3.35) 7.73 (6.14 - 9.69) 2.72 (1.98 - 3.74)
Oregon 3.66 (2.97 - 4.50) 2.69 (1.84 - 3.92) 8.85 (6.99 - 11.15) 2.90 (2.15 - 3.90)
Pennsylvania 3.21 (2.79 - 3.70) 2.05 (1.61 - 2.60) 7.50 (6.55 - 8.58) 2.65 (2.16 - 3.25)
Rhode Island 3.72 (3.01 - 4.59) 2.08 (1.40 - 3.10) 8.51 (6.74 - 10.69) 3.06 (2.27 - 4.12)
South Carolina 3.42 (2.70 - 4.31) 2.17 (1.50 - 3.12) 6.40 (4.87 - 8.35) 3.06 (2.25 - 4.16)
South Dakota 3.95 (3.19 - 4.88) 2.96 (2.03 - 4.29) 9.00 (7.19 - 11.21) 3.08 (2.23 - 4.25)
Tennessee 2.88 (2.25 - 3.67) 1.82 (1.21 - 2.71) 5.89 (4.46 - 7.75) 2.51 (1.81 - 3.47)
Texas 3.16 (2.74 - 3.64) 1.95 (1.50 - 2.52) 6.72 (5.79 - 7.79) 2.64 (2.15 - 3.24)
Utah 3.58 (2.88 - 4.44) 2.10 (1.43 - 3.06) 5.72 (4.33 - 7.52) 3.25 (2.41 - 4.36)
Vermont 3.76 (3.01 - 4.70) 2.14 (1.46 - 3.11) 8.46 (6.77 - 10.53) 3.16 (2.31 - 4.32)
Virginia 3.31 (2.63 - 4.15) 2.04 (1.41 - 2.94) 7.58 (5.98 - 9.56) 2.77 (2.01 - 3.80)
Washington 3.48 (2.76 - 4.37) 1.85 (1.21 - 2.81) 7.49 (5.79 - 9.65) 3.00 (2.20 - 4.08)
West Virginia 3.08 (2.47 - 3.82) 2.45 (1.73 - 3.48) 8.45 (6.76 - 10.52) 2.30 (1.66 - 3.18)
Wisconsin 4.10 (3.28 - 5.11) 2.51 (1.75 - 3.59) 8.39 (6.68 - 10.50) 3.54 (2.61 - 4.79)
Wyoming 3.32 (2.66 - 4.13) 2.51 (1.75 - 3.58) 7.08 (5.51 - 9.04) 2.71 (1.98 - 3.70)

61025

Table B.18 Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 2.92   5.01   8.37   1.68  
Alabama 3.00 (2.45 - 3.67) 5.02 (3.82 - 6.57) 8.41 (6.59 - 10.67) 1.77 (1.24 - 2.53)
Alaska 3.40 (2.76 - 4.18) 5.48 (4.09 - 7.31) 8.69 (6.86 - 10.95) 1.98 (1.34 - 2.91)
Arizona 2.85 (2.33 - 3.46) 6.64 (4.94 - 8.87) 7.46 (5.75 - 9.62) 1.47 (1.00 - 2.15)
Arkansas 3.24 (2.69 - 3.91) 5.75 (4.36 - 7.56) 9.86 (7.90 - 12.25) 1.72 (1.19 - 2.49)
California 3.02 (2.67 - 3.42) 5.26 (4.47 - 6.17) 8.21 (7.19 - 9.38) 1.74 (1.37 - 2.21)
Colorado 3.34 (2.75 - 4.05) 5.44 (4.16 - 7.08) 10.24 (8.18 - 12.73) 1.84 (1.28 - 2.63)
Connecticut 3.37 (2.78 - 4.09) 5.99 (4.59 - 7.78) 12.89 (10.47 - 15.77) 1.58 (1.04 - 2.38)
Delaware 3.11 (2.57 - 3.75) 5.13 (3.92 - 6.67) 9.38 (7.49 - 11.70) 1.77 (1.25 - 2.49)
District of Columbia 3.77 (3.01 - 4.71) 4.02 (2.94 - 5.48) 8.68 (6.83 - 10.98) 2.86 (2.03 - 4.03)
Florida 2.87 (2.53 - 3.27) 5.20 (4.45 - 6.08) 8.56 (7.47 - 9.78) 1.74 (1.37 - 2.21)
Georgia 2.71 (2.18 - 3.38) 4.09 (3.00 - 5.55) 6.94 (5.34 - 8.98) 1.74 (1.21 - 2.49)
Hawaii 2.68 (2.02 - 3.53) 4.38 (3.18 - 6.00) 6.60 (4.95 - 8.74) 1.86 (1.16 - 2.97)
Idaho 2.87 (2.38 - 3.45) 5.22 (3.99 - 6.81) 8.02 (6.29 - 10.19) 1.46 (1.02 - 2.08)
Illinois 2.82 (2.48 - 3.21) 4.17 (3.50 - 4.96) 7.74 (6.75 - 8.86) 1.75 (1.37 - 2.24)
Indiana 2.89 (2.38 - 3.51) 5.17 (3.97 - 6.71) 8.21 (6.45 - 10.40) 1.60 (1.12 - 2.28)
Iowa 2.30 (1.82 - 2.91) 4.05 (2.96 - 5.52) 6.24 (4.66 - 8.31) 1.36 (0.90 - 2.03)
Kansas 2.88 (2.35 - 3.53) 5.07 (3.84 - 6.68) 7.63 (5.89 - 9.82) 1.65 (1.14 - 2.39)
Kentucky 2.94 (2.34 - 3.69) 4.37 (3.28 - 5.81) 7.75 (5.96 - 10.01) 1.94 (1.32 - 2.85)
Louisiana 3.06 (2.49 - 3.76) 4.62 (3.49 - 6.08) 7.49 (5.84 - 9.56) 1.93 (1.35 - 2.74)
Maine 3.34 (2.77 - 4.01) 6.79 (5.24 - 8.76) 11.54 (9.43 - 14.05) 1.64 (1.13 - 2.38)
Maryland 2.72 (2.20 - 3.36) 4.66 (3.51 - 6.16) 7.69 (5.98 - 9.85) 1.64 (1.12 - 2.39)
Massachusetts 3.16 (2.63 - 3.79) 5.47 (4.18 - 7.12) 10.37 (8.33 - 12.84) 1.70 (1.22 - 2.38)
Michigan 3.12 (2.78 - 3.50) 4.82 (4.10 - 5.65) 9.63 (8.53 - 10.85) 1.74 (1.38 - 2.19)
Minnesota 2.81 (2.30 - 3.44) 4.44 (3.34 - 5.88) 8.45 (6.69 - 10.63) 1.56 (1.07 - 2.27)
Mississippi 2.91 (2.37 - 3.56) 4.28 (3.18 - 5.73) 7.35 (5.77 - 9.33) 1.82 (1.28 - 2.58)
Missouri 3.00 (2.48 - 3.63) 5.67 (4.37 - 7.33) 9.56 (7.62 - 11.92) 1.47 (1.01 - 2.13)
Montana 2.98 (2.47 - 3.59) 5.84 (4.48 - 7.59) 9.47 (7.61 - 11.73) 1.42 (0.98 - 2.07)
Nebraska 2.56 (2.07 - 3.17) 4.55 (3.37 - 6.12) 7.41 (5.72 - 9.55) 1.34 (0.90 - 2.00)
Nevada 2.62 (2.13 - 3.24) 4.44 (3.30 - 5.94) 6.70 (5.09 - 8.77) 1.73 (1.22 - 2.44)
New Hampshire 2.86 (2.36 - 3.47) 5.61 (4.31 - 7.28) 9.04 (7.12 - 11.41) 1.50 (1.04 - 2.17)
New Jersey 2.61 (2.11 - 3.23) 5.22 (3.93 - 6.92) 8.31 (6.45 - 10.63) 1.42 (0.94 - 2.12)
New Mexico 3.03 (2.48 - 3.70) 5.71 (4.31 - 7.52) 8.57 (6.65 - 10.97) 1.58 (1.08 - 2.32)
New York 3.03 (2.67 - 3.45) 5.23 (4.44 - 6.14) 8.81 (7.67 - 10.09) 1.79 (1.41 - 2.28)
North Carolina 2.99 (2.44 - 3.66) 5.01 (3.84 - 6.51) 8.16 (6.41 - 10.34) 1.85 (1.31 - 2.62)
North Dakota 2.36 (1.87 - 2.96) 4.56 (3.43 - 6.05) 6.00 (4.52 - 7.93) 1.32 (0.88 - 1.99)
Ohio 2.73 (2.40 - 3.10) 4.87 (4.13 - 5.73) 7.51 (6.53 - 8.62) 1.61 (1.26 - 2.06)
Oklahoma 3.00 (2.47 - 3.64) 5.87 (4.46 - 7.68) 7.85 (6.14 - 9.99) 1.68 (1.16 - 2.42)
Oregon 2.91 (2.40 - 3.51) 5.71 (4.33 - 7.49) 9.17 (7.25 - 11.54) 1.49 (1.04 - 2.13)
Pennsylvania 2.70 (2.39 - 3.05) 4.54 (3.84 - 5.36) 8.70 (7.69 - 9.83) 1.48 (1.15 - 1.90)
Rhode Island 3.58 (2.96 - 4.32) 6.32 (4.81 - 8.26) 12.30 (9.86 - 15.24) 1.66 (1.11 - 2.46)
South Carolina 2.96 (2.41 - 3.64) 4.58 (3.50 - 5.97) 7.57 (5.83 - 9.78) 1.93 (1.37 - 2.72)
South Dakota 2.54 (2.08 - 3.11) 5.47 (4.11 - 7.24) 6.69 (5.12 - 8.70) 1.31 (0.89 - 1.94)
Tennessee 3.15 (2.58 - 3.83) 5.05 (3.86 - 6.59) 9.42 (7.48 - 11.81) 1.86 (1.32 - 2.61)
Texas 2.80 (2.47 - 3.18) 4.76 (4.00 - 5.65) 7.99 (6.97 - 9.14) 1.47 (1.14 - 1.91)
Utah 3.51 (2.92 - 4.21) 5.24 (4.04 - 6.76) 8.30 (6.50 - 10.55) 1.87 (1.34 - 2.62)
Vermont 3.07 (2.55 - 3.69) 5.58 (4.32 - 7.18) 10.44 (8.40 - 12.92) 1.49 (1.03 - 2.15)
Virginia 2.76 (2.24 - 3.41) 4.48 (3.37 - 5.94) 7.84 (6.13 - 9.96) 1.69 (1.17 - 2.44)
Washington 3.05 (2.46 - 3.77) 4.15 (3.02 - 5.69) 8.97 (7.03 - 11.38) 1.88 (1.29 - 2.73)
West Virginia 2.88 (2.39 - 3.46) 5.62 (4.31 - 7.30) 9.91 (8.00 - 12.22) 1.47 (1.01 - 2.13)
Wisconsin 2.88 (2.35 - 3.54) 5.75 (4.40 - 7.49) 7.24 (5.64 - 9.25) 1.71 (1.19 - 2.47)
Wyoming 2.93 (2.42 - 3.55) 5.44 (4.16 - 7.08) 8.26 (6.48 - 10.46) 1.58 (1.09 - 2.29)

61025

Table B.19 Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 1.98   2.80   5.70   1.21  
Alabama 1.98 (1.55 - 2.51) 3.09 (2.19 - 4.35) 5.65 (4.24 - 7.50) 1.17 (0.77 - 1.78)
Alaska 2.39 (1.89 - 3.03) 3.06 (2.17 - 4.31) 6.43 (4.95 - 8.33) 1.48 (0.96 - 2.28)
Arizona 1.84 (1.45 - 2.34) 3.69 (2.59 - 5.23) 5.07 (3.69 - 6.92) 0.99 (0.65 - 1.53)
Arkansas 2.24 (1.79 - 2.80) 3.40 (2.45 - 4.69) 6.54 (4.98 - 8.54) 1.31 (0.88 - 1.95)
California 2.12 (1.84 - 2.46) 3.28 (2.66 - 4.03) 6.23 (5.30 - 7.32) 1.20 (0.90 - 1.60)
Colorado 2.39 (1.89 - 3.03) 3.33 (2.39 - 4.63) 7.34 (5.56 - 9.63) 1.40 (0.93 - 2.10)
Connecticut 2.34 (1.86 - 2.94) 3.45 (2.47 - 4.79) 8.83 (6.90 - 11.23) 1.20 (0.77 - 1.89)
Delaware 2.16 (1.74 - 2.69) 2.73 (1.97 - 3.77) 7.13 (5.50 - 9.19) 1.23 (0.83 - 1.82)
District of Columbia 2.77 (2.10 - 3.64) 1.93 (1.29 - 2.87) 6.01 (4.51 - 7.96) 2.27 (1.53 - 3.35)
Florida 1.84 (1.57 - 2.15) 2.49 (2.00 - 3.08) 5.61 (4.77 - 6.59) 1.20 (0.91 - 1.57)
Georgia 1.87 (1.46 - 2.40) 2.37 (1.67 - 3.35) 4.87 (3.60 - 6.56) 1.25 (0.84 - 1.87)
Hawaii 1.81 (1.31 - 2.49) 2.26 (1.50 - 3.41) 5.09 (3.70 - 6.98) 1.24 (0.73 - 2.12)
Idaho 1.80 (1.43 - 2.27) 2.73 (1.92 - 3.87) 5.02 (3.76 - 6.67) 1.01 (0.66 - 1.52)
Illinois 1.91 (1.62 - 2.26) 2.19 (1.72 - 2.79) 5.10 (4.30 - 6.04) 1.31 (0.99 - 1.73)
Indiana 2.00 (1.59 - 2.51) 2.96 (2.15 - 4.06) 5.84 (4.40 - 7.70) 1.16 (0.78 - 1.73)
Iowa 1.51 (1.14 - 2.00) 2.44 (1.65 - 3.59) 3.69 (2.59 - 5.23) 0.99 (0.63 - 1.56)
Kansas 1.94 (1.51 - 2.49) 2.38 (1.63 - 3.45) 5.33 (3.96 - 7.13) 1.22 (0.79 - 1.88)
Kentucky 2.07 (1.59 - 2.68) 2.76 (1.96 - 3.89) 5.23 (3.90 - 6.98) 1.44 (0.94 - 2.19)
Louisiana 2.07 (1.61 - 2.66) 2.43 (1.71 - 3.43) 4.85 (3.58 - 6.54) 1.46 (0.98 - 2.16)
Maine 2.18 (1.75 - 2.71) 3.72 (2.68 - 5.13) 7.65 (5.89 - 9.88) 1.14 (0.76 - 1.72)
Maryland 1.92 (1.51 - 2.43) 2.55 (1.83 - 3.54) 5.57 (4.17 - 7.41) 1.23 (0.83 - 1.82)
Massachusetts 2.21 (1.77 - 2.76) 2.82 (2.02 - 3.94) 7.30 (5.58 - 9.48) 1.31 (0.90 - 1.90)
Michigan 2.19 (1.90 - 2.51) 2.61 (2.13 - 3.20) 7.06 (6.10 - 8.17) 1.27 (0.98 - 1.66)
Minnesota 1.84 (1.45 - 2.34) 2.25 (1.55 - 3.25) 5.83 (4.36 - 7.75) 1.06 (0.69 - 1.62)
Mississippi 2.00 (1.60 - 2.50) 2.49 (1.76 - 3.51) 5.47 (4.13 - 7.21) 1.24 (0.83 - 1.83)
Missouri 1.83 (1.45 - 2.32) 2.95 (2.12 - 4.10) 5.19 (3.89 - 6.90) 1.08 (0.72 - 1.61)
Montana 1.94 (1.55 - 2.44) 2.88 (2.06 - 4.00) 5.99 (4.54 - 7.86) 1.08 (0.72 - 1.64)
Nebraska 1.87 (1.48 - 2.36) 2.73 (1.91 - 3.90) 5.40 (3.98 - 7.28) 1.06 (0.71 - 1.59)
Nevada 1.85 (1.41 - 2.41) 2.36 (1.65 - 3.37) 4.94 (3.60 - 6.75) 1.28 (0.84 - 1.95)
New Hampshire 1.88 (1.48 - 2.38) 3.08 (2.22 - 4.25) 5.60 (4.13 - 7.56) 1.12 (0.75 - 1.67)
New Jersey 1.78 (1.40 - 2.27) 3.02 (2.16 - 4.20) 5.73 (4.24 - 7.69) 1.03 (0.67 - 1.57)
New Mexico 2.10 (1.63 - 2.70) 3.44 (2.43 - 4.85) 6.18 (4.61 - 8.24) 1.12 (0.71 - 1.77)
New York 2.10 (1.80 - 2.46) 3.11 (2.51 - 3.85) 5.98 (5.09 - 7.02) 1.33 (1.00 - 1.76)
North Carolina 1.94 (1.51 - 2.48) 2.66 (1.91 - 3.70) 4.80 (3.52 - 6.53) 1.36 (0.92 - 2.01)
North Dakota 1.62 (1.22 - 2.16) 2.47 (1.73 - 3.53) 4.01 (2.83 - 5.66) 1.02 (0.64 - 1.63)
Ohio 1.85 (1.58 - 2.17) 2.66 (2.16 - 3.27) 4.99 (4.20 - 5.93) 1.20 (0.91 - 1.58)
Oklahoma 2.08 (1.65 - 2.61) 3.27 (2.30 - 4.62) 5.56 (4.15 - 7.41) 1.24 (0.83 - 1.86)
Oregon 2.05 (1.65 - 2.55) 3.11 (2.26 - 4.26) 6.45 (4.95 - 8.37) 1.17 (0.80 - 1.70)
Pennsylvania 1.78 (1.52 - 2.08) 2.46 (1.97 - 3.07) 5.60 (4.78 - 6.55) 1.06 (0.79 - 1.42)
Rhode Island 2.48 (1.99 - 3.10) 3.02 (2.12 - 4.30) 8.40 (6.53 - 10.75) 1.34 (0.89 - 2.02)
South Carolina 1.85 (1.45 - 2.36) 2.36 (1.68 - 3.31) 4.73 (3.46 - 6.44) 1.27 (0.87 - 1.84)
South Dakota 1.67 (1.27 - 2.17) 3.12 (2.19 - 4.42) 3.95 (2.81 - 5.55) 1.01 (0.63 - 1.62)
Tennessee 2.09 (1.64 - 2.64) 3.03 (2.15 - 4.27) 5.51 (4.09 - 7.39) 1.39 (0.95 - 2.03)
Texas 1.81 (1.55 - 2.11) 2.62 (2.10 - 3.27) 5.03 (4.23 - 5.97) 1.04 (0.78 - 1.39)
Utah 2.33 (1.88 - 2.90) 2.95 (2.14 - 4.06) 5.63 (4.22 - 7.47) 1.31 (0.90 - 1.91)
Vermont 2.23 (1.79 - 2.78) 3.00 (2.18 - 4.13) 7.83 (6.02 - 10.14) 1.18 (0.79 - 1.75)
Virginia 1.89 (1.48 - 2.42) 2.28 (1.60 - 3.23) 5.55 (4.16 - 7.36) 1.23 (0.82 - 1.86)
Washington 2.31 (1.79 - 2.96) 2.62 (1.83 - 3.72) 6.93 (5.24 - 9.09) 1.47 (0.97 - 2.21)
West Virginia 1.86 (1.49 - 2.33) 2.85 (2.04 - 3.96) 6.45 (4.93 - 8.39) 1.03 (0.69 - 1.53)
Wisconsin 1.78 (1.40 - 2.26) 2.65 (1.89 - 3.71) 4.57 (3.37 - 6.17) 1.16 (0.77 - 1.74)
Wyoming 1.94 (1.53 - 2.46) 2.95 (2.09 - 4.14) 5.40 (4.03 - 7.20) 1.15 (0.76 - 1.73)

61025

Table B.20 Dependence on or Abuse of Illicit Drugs or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 9.25   8.44   21.50   7.20  
Alabama 7.96 (6.73 - 9.39) 7.92 (6.31 - 9.90) 17.29 (14.74 - 20.18) 6.31 (4.91 - 8.07)
Alaska 9.79 (8.45 - 11.32) 9.00 (7.14 - 11.29) 20.70 (17.74 - 24.02) 7.80 (6.21 - 9.74)
Arizona 10.31 (8.88 - 11.94) 10.51 (8.46 - 12.98) 20.95 (17.93 - 24.32) 8.36 (6.71 - 10.37)
Arkansas 8.49 (7.40 - 9.72) 8.87 (7.16 - 10.95) 20.68 (17.92 - 23.75) 6.25 (5.00 - 7.79)
California 9.31 (8.55 - 10.14) 8.56 (7.55 - 9.70) 20.74 (19.06 - 22.52) 7.35 (6.43 - 8.38)
Colorado 10.98 (9.53 - 12.62) 10.22 (8.24 - 12.60) 25.26 (21.97 - 28.87) 8.57 (6.92 - 10.57)
Connecticut 10.28 (8.83 - 11.93) 9.85 (8.04 - 12.02) 27.62 (24.09 - 31.46) 7.69 (6.05 - 9.73)
Delaware 8.75 (7.58 - 10.08) 8.09 (6.55 - 9.96) 23.64 (20.66 - 26.91) 6.26 (4.93 - 7.92)
District of Columbia 11.55 (9.94 - 13.38) 6.28 (4.89 - 8.03) 21.94 (18.86 - 25.36) 10.18 (8.31 - 12.41)
Florida 9.47 (8.67 - 10.33) 8.76 (7.75 - 9.90) 21.32 (19.65 - 23.08) 7.78 (6.83 - 8.85)
Georgia 7.70 (6.51 - 9.10) 6.62 (5.15 - 8.48) 16.22 (13.69 - 19.10) 6.30 (4.92 - 8.02)
Hawaii 8.00 (6.71 - 9.53) 7.23 (5.67 - 9.19) 20.73 (17.65 - 24.20) 6.14 (4.69 - 8.01)
Idaho 9.09 (7.85 - 10.51) 9.27 (7.50 - 11.41) 19.38 (16.62 - 22.46) 6.96 (5.54 - 8.70)
Illinois 9.69 (8.93 - 10.52) 7.72 (6.75 - 8.81) 23.62 (21.92 - 25.40) 7.49 (6.56 - 8.53)
Indiana 9.30 (8.08 - 10.68) 8.46 (6.84 - 10.41) 21.68 (18.73 - 24.96) 7.15 (5.74 - 8.89)
Iowa 9.59 (8.41 - 10.91) 9.37 (7.59 - 11.51) 24.83 (21.70 - 28.26) 6.80 (5.48 - 8.41)
Kansas 10.17 (8.89 - 11.61) 10.03 (8.23 - 12.17) 23.93 (20.74 - 27.44) 7.51 (6.03 - 9.31)
Kentucky 8.56 (7.34 - 9.96) 8.23 (6.69 - 10.09) 17.64 (15.03 - 20.60) 7.06 (5.64 - 8.79)
Louisiana 9.50 (8.23 - 10.94) 7.68 (6.15 - 9.56) 18.25 (15.61 - 21.23) 7.99 (6.46 - 9.85)
Maine 9.41 (8.15 - 10.86) 11.07 (9.06 - 13.47) 22.87 (19.93 - 26.10) 7.12 (5.69 - 8.88)
Maryland 8.32 (7.12 - 9.70) 7.74 (6.23 - 9.56) 18.99 (16.32 - 21.97) 6.67 (5.29 - 8.38)
Massachusetts 9.75 (8.47 - 11.21) 8.44 (6.76 - 10.48) 23.79 (20.64 - 27.24) 7.64 (6.20 - 9.38)
Michigan 9.66 (8.91 - 10.46) 8.10 (7.18 - 9.12) 23.90 (22.22 - 25.66) 7.39 (6.49 - 8.40)
Minnesota 10.15 (8.81 - 11.67) 8.59 (6.99 - 10.50) 23.09 (20.11 - 26.37) 8.00 (6.46 - 9.88)
Mississippi 8.02 (6.87 - 9.36) 7.10 (5.61 - 8.95) 17.51 (14.95 - 20.41) 6.27 (4.94 - 7.93)
Missouri 10.14 (8.81 - 11.64) 9.80 (8.05 - 11.89) 24.62 (21.57 - 27.94) 7.59 (6.09 - 9.41)
Montana 11.11 (9.70 - 12.70) 11.73 (9.69 - 14.15) 28.44 (25.08 - 32.05) 7.87 (6.29 - 9.81)
Nebraska 10.45 (9.11 - 11.96) 9.38 (7.61 - 11.52) 26.12 (22.76 - 29.79) 7.55 (6.07 - 9.35)
Nevada 9.67 (8.34 - 11.18) 8.35 (6.71 - 10.33) 22.99 (19.92 - 26.38) 7.71 (6.20 - 9.54)
New Hampshire 9.47 (8.22 - 10.88) 9.38 (7.60 - 11.52) 24.97 (21.68 - 28.57) 7.00 (5.60 - 8.71)
New Jersey 7.92 (6.77 - 9.24) 8.47 (6.77 - 10.54) 20.49 (17.51 - 23.83) 5.97 (4.69 - 7.57)
New Mexico 10.09 (8.72 - 11.66) 9.69 (7.77 - 12.02) 22.50 (19.34 - 26.01) 7.78 (6.21 - 9.72)
New York 8.70 (7.95 - 9.51) 8.27 (7.27 - 9.41) 21.47 (19.79 - 23.25) 6.63 (5.74 - 7.65)
North Carolina 8.63 (7.33 - 10.14) 8.06 (6.50 - 9.96) 18.20 (15.44 - 21.32) 7.11 (5.61 - 8.97)
North Dakota 10.86 (9.54 - 12.33) 10.51 (8.66 - 12.72) 26.21 (23.11 - 29.56) 7.73 (6.24 - 9.54)
Ohio 8.82 (8.11 - 9.58) 8.14 (7.19 - 9.20) 21.52 (19.86 - 23.28) 6.70 (5.87 - 7.65)
Oklahoma 9.36 (8.14 - 10.73) 9.57 (7.69 - 11.85) 22.19 (19.27 - 25.40) 6.85 (5.49 - 8.51)
Oregon 9.15 (7.96 - 10.51) 9.39 (7.57 - 11.60) 21.59 (18.61 - 24.90) 7.01 (5.65 - 8.66)
Pennsylvania 8.91 (8.17 - 9.71) 7.94 (6.98 - 9.03) 22.90 (21.22 - 24.67) 6.73 (5.85 - 7.73)
Rhode Island 10.27 (8.96 - 11.76) 9.81 (7.97 - 12.03) 25.68 (22.39 - 29.27) 7.55 (6.07 - 9.35)
South Carolina 9.23 (7.86 - 10.81) 7.48 (6.01 - 9.29) 17.53 (14.68 - 20.79) 8.00 (6.39 - 9.97)
South Dakota 10.37 (9.06 - 11.84) 10.99 (8.90 - 13.49) 24.82 (21.68 - 28.26) 7.41 (5.92 - 9.25)
Tennessee 8.40 (7.26 - 9.70) 7.66 (6.17 - 9.46) 20.06 (17.13 - 23.37) 6.54 (5.27 - 8.08)
Texas 9.20 (8.46 - 9.99) 7.74 (6.75 - 8.87) 20.72 (19.13 - 22.41) 7.14 (6.24 - 8.15)
Utah 9.47 (8.24 - 10.87) 8.07 (6.48 - 10.02) 18.96 (16.18 - 22.10) 7.09 (5.65 - 8.86)
Vermont 10.34 (9.02 - 11.83) 9.54 (7.82 - 11.58) 26.18 (22.94 - 29.70) 7.73 (6.20 - 9.60)
Virginia 8.75 (7.56 - 10.12) 7.48 (5.96 - 9.34) 21.89 (19.10 - 24.98) 6.74 (5.38 - 8.42)
Washington 9.99 (8.67 - 11.49) 7.96 (6.37 - 9.91) 23.11 (20.03 - 26.51) 7.99 (6.47 - 9.83)
West Virginia 8.36 (7.16 - 9.73) 9.05 (7.32 - 11.14) 22.35 (19.57 - 25.41) 6.09 (4.76 - 7.75)
Wisconsin 11.42 (9.96 - 13.06) 11.50 (9.41 - 13.98) 26.15 (22.94 - 29.63) 8.76 (7.08 - 10.78)
Wyoming 11.03 (9.59 - 12.65) 10.93 (8.99 - 13.22) 23.91 (20.71 - 27.44) 8.57 (6.91 - 10.59)

61025

Table B.21 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 2.67   4.69   7.74   1.50  
Alabama 2.47 (2.01 - 3.02) 4.58 (3.43 - 6.10) 7.11 (5.52 - 9.12) 1.36 (0.93 - 1.98)
Alaska 3.47 (2.77 - 4.34) 4.76 (3.54 - 6.36) 7.84 (6.13 - 9.99) 2.38 (1.61 - 3.50)
Arizona 2.67 (2.17 - 3.27) 6.30 (4.67 - 8.44) 6.95 (5.27 - 9.11) 1.37 (0.92 - 2.04)
Arkansas 2.96 (2.47 - 3.55) 5.39 (4.10 - 7.06) 9.23 (7.34 - 11.54) 1.51 (1.05 - 2.17)
California 2.92 (2.57 - 3.31) 5.13 (4.35 - 6.04) 7.96 (6.88 - 9.20) 1.67 (1.29 - 2.15)
Colorado 3.14 (2.57 - 3.84) 5.15 (3.89 - 6.79) 9.88 (7.72 - 12.56) 1.68 (1.16 - 2.44)
Connecticut 3.05 (2.52 - 3.68) 5.39 (4.08 - 7.10) 12.27 (9.82 - 15.24) 1.33 (0.87 - 2.04)
Delaware 2.78 (2.26 - 3.42) 4.78 (3.61 - 6.31) 8.64 (6.77 - 10.96) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.23)
District of Columbia 3.15 (2.47 - 4.02) 3.68 (2.61 - 5.15) 8.30 (6.47 - 10.58) 2.18 (1.47 - 3.22)
Florida 2.69 (2.36 - 3.08) 4.96 (4.24 - 5.80) 8.08 (7.04 - 9.26) 1.61 (1.25 - 2.07)
Georgia 2.43 (1.94 - 3.04) 3.80 (2.77 - 5.19) 6.33 (4.79 - 8.34) 1.52 (1.03 - 2.24)
Hawaii 2.44 (1.84 - 3.22) 4.19 (3.00 - 5.84) 6.10 (4.57 - 8.11) 1.65 (1.02 - 2.67)
Idaho 2.65 (2.19 - 3.21) 4.61 (3.50 - 6.06) 7.46 (5.81 - 9.53) 1.37 (0.95 - 1.96)
Illinois 2.54 (2.23 - 2.91) 3.94 (3.29 - 4.71) 7.40 (6.41 - 8.52) 1.49 (1.15 - 1.91)
Indiana 2.59 (2.13 - 3.15) 4.92 (3.76 - 6.42) 7.47 (5.85 - 9.49) 1.37 (0.95 - 1.97)
Iowa 2.07 (1.63 - 2.64) 3.63 (2.61 - 5.03) 5.83 (4.33 - 7.83) 1.18 (0.77 - 1.82)
Kansas 2.43 (1.97 - 2.99) 4.53 (3.39 - 6.01) 7.01 (5.35 - 9.13) 1.24 (0.84 - 1.84)
Kentucky 2.82 (2.24 - 3.54) 4.10 (3.05 - 5.50) 7.08 (5.45 - 9.15) 1.93 (1.32 - 2.83)
Louisiana 2.97 (2.39 - 3.68) 4.35 (3.28 - 5.74) 7.02 (5.41 - 9.07) 1.94 (1.34 - 2.82)
Maine 3.10 (2.54 - 3.76) 6.51 (4.98 - 8.46) 10.49 (8.50 - 12.90) 1.53 (1.03 - 2.26)
Maryland 2.39 (1.90 - 3.01) 4.36 (3.29 - 5.75) 6.71 (5.13 - 8.73) 1.41 (0.94 - 2.12)
Massachusetts 2.79 (2.28 - 3.41) 5.27 (4.04 - 6.85) 9.29 (7.33 - 11.71) 1.43 (0.98 - 2.09)
Michigan 2.75 (2.46 - 3.09) 4.51 (3.84 - 5.28) 8.76 (7.70 - 9.96) 1.45 (1.14 - 1.85)
Minnesota 2.43 (1.98 - 2.97) 4.07 (3.05 - 5.42) 7.57 (5.86 - 9.73) 1.27 (0.87 - 1.84)
Mississippi 2.68 (2.17 - 3.30) 3.96 (2.95 - 5.28) 6.73 (5.20 - 8.65) 1.69 (1.17 - 2.43)
Missouri 2.84 (2.32 - 3.47) 5.21 (3.96 - 6.82) 8.69 (6.87 - 10.93) 1.47 (0.98 - 2.20)
Montana 2.64 (2.20 - 3.18) 5.39 (4.20 - 6.88) 8.40 (6.64 - 10.57) 1.24 (0.84 - 1.82)
Nebraska 2.26 (1.81 - 2.81) 4.07 (2.99 - 5.51) 6.58 (4.97 - 8.66) 1.17 (0.78 - 1.75)
Nevada 2.50 (1.98 - 3.14) 4.23 (3.11 - 5.72) 6.31 (4.81 - 8.23) 1.65 (1.11 - 2.45)
New Hampshire 2.50 (2.05 - 3.04) 5.46 (4.17 - 7.14) 8.43 (6.53 - 10.82) 1.15 (0.77 - 1.71)
New Jersey 2.25 (1.82 - 2.77) 4.90 (3.66 - 6.51) 7.62 (5.86 - 9.86) 1.09 (0.73 - 1.64)
New Mexico 2.87 (2.33 - 3.54) 5.38 (4.08 - 7.08) 8.29 (6.40 - 10.67) 1.47 (0.98 - 2.20)
New York 2.65 (2.34 - 3.01) 4.78 (4.07 - 5.61) 8.33 (7.24 - 9.56) 1.44 (1.11 - 1.85)
North Carolina 2.80 (2.26 - 3.47) 4.68 (3.55 - 6.15) 7.31 (5.69 - 9.34) 1.79 (1.23 - 2.60)
North Dakota 2.04 (1.62 - 2.57) 4.16 (3.06 - 5.64) 5.69 (4.25 - 7.58) 1.02 (0.65 - 1.59)
Ohio 2.40 (2.09 - 2.75) 4.47 (3.75 - 5.33) 6.62 (5.68 - 7.71) 1.39 (1.06 - 1.81)
Oklahoma 2.83 (2.31 - 3.48) 5.36 (4.01 - 7.12) 7.48 (5.86 - 9.51) 1.59 (1.08 - 2.34)
Oregon 2.75 (2.25 - 3.35) 5.06 (3.82 - 6.67) 8.19 (6.40 - 10.43) 1.53 (1.06 - 2.18)
Pennsylvania 2.42 (2.13 - 2.75) 4.26 (3.59 - 5.05) 7.57 (6.59 - 8.68) 1.34 (1.03 - 1.73)
Rhode Island 3.25 (2.68 - 3.92) 6.02 (4.54 - 7.94) 11.42 (9.11 - 14.23) 1.42 (0.95 - 2.10)
South Carolina 2.75 (2.21 - 3.41) 4.34 (3.30 - 5.70) 7.05 (5.36 - 9.22) 1.77 (1.24 - 2.53)
South Dakota 2.22 (1.79 - 2.74) 4.83 (3.59 - 6.47) 6.28 (4.83 - 8.14) 1.04 (0.69 - 1.57)
Tennessee 2.95 (2.42 - 3.61) 4.77 (3.60 - 6.31) 9.05 (7.11 - 11.46) 1.70 (1.20 - 2.42)
Texas 2.56 (2.26 - 2.91) 4.46 (3.76 - 5.29) 7.45 (6.46 - 8.58) 1.30 (0.99 - 1.71)
Utah 3.17 (2.62 - 3.83) 4.53 (3.41 - 5.98) 7.18 (5.57 - 9.21) 1.82 (1.30 - 2.54)
Vermont 2.72 (2.24 - 3.29) 5.20 (4.02 - 6.71) 9.44 (7.54 - 11.75) 1.25 (0.85 - 1.84)
Virginia 2.24 (1.82 - 2.75) 3.99 (2.96 - 5.35) 6.85 (5.34 - 8.75) 1.24 (0.85 - 1.81)
Washington 2.99 (2.39 - 3.75) 3.94 (2.88 - 5.37) 8.24 (6.33 - 10.66) 1.96 (1.33 - 2.89)
West Virginia 2.61 (2.14 - 3.17) 5.04 (3.85 - 6.56) 9.36 (7.48 - 11.67) 1.27 (0.86 - 1.88)
Wisconsin 2.64 (2.13 - 3.26) 5.35 (4.09 - 6.97) 6.78 (5.24 - 8.75) 1.53 (1.03 - 2.27)
Wyoming 2.56 (2.08 - 3.15) 4.85 (3.66 - 6.40) 7.46 (5.71 - 9.69) 1.32 (0.89 - 1.95)

61025

Table B.22 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 7.35   5.51   16.92   5.93  
Alabama 6.10 (5.02 - 7.41) 5.14 (3.92 - 6.73) 11.93 (9.67 - 14.63) 5.20 (3.97 - 6.78)
Alaska 7.20 (6.09 - 8.50) 5.72 (4.35 - 7.48) 15.68 (13.09 - 18.66) 5.81 (4.52 - 7.44)
Arizona 8.58 (7.27 - 10.09) 6.83 (5.25 - 8.84) 17.76 (14.96 - 20.95) 7.17 (5.68 - 9.01)
Arkansas 6.14 (5.15 - 7.29) 4.80 (3.63 - 6.32) 14.27 (11.96 - 16.93) 4.86 (3.74 - 6.29)
California 7.55 (6.82 - 8.35) 5.63 (4.78 - 6.64) 16.69 (15.11 - 18.41) 6.17 (5.30 - 7.18)
Colorado 8.86 (7.53 - 10.41) 7.38 (5.75 - 9.43) 20.10 (17.15 - 23.40) 7.09 (5.58 - 8.97)
Connecticut 8.03 (6.67 - 9.62) 5.88 (4.54 - 7.57) 20.47 (17.44 - 23.88) 6.41 (4.91 - 8.33)
Delaware 6.63 (5.56 - 7.88) 4.90 (3.75 - 6.37) 17.96 (15.28 - 20.99) 4.89 (3.71 - 6.42)
District of Columbia 9.28 (7.74 - 11.08) 4.02 (2.86 - 5.63) 18.26 (15.45 - 21.44) 8.16 (6.41 - 10.33)
Florida 7.68 (6.92 - 8.51) 5.43 (4.64 - 6.34) 16.46 (14.99 - 18.03) 6.64 (5.74 - 7.67)
Georgia 5.71 (4.68 - 6.94) 4.07 (3.00 - 5.49) 11.79 (9.59 - 14.41) 4.82 (3.65 - 6.34)
Hawaii 6.46 (5.34 - 7.81) 5.24 (3.90 - 6.99) 17.10 (14.19 - 20.46) 4.98 (3.75 - 6.59)
Idaho 7.54 (6.41 - 8.84) 6.79 (5.30 - 8.66) 15.80 (13.27 - 18.70) 5.96 (4.66 - 7.58)
Illinois 8.15 (7.43 - 8.92) 5.55 (4.76 - 6.46) 19.71 (18.12 - 21.40) 6.45 (5.59 - 7.42)
Indiana 7.52 (6.42 - 8.78) 5.77 (4.53 - 7.33) 17.08 (14.46 - 20.07) 6.02 (4.77 - 7.57)
Iowa 8.40 (7.24 - 9.73) 6.82 (5.32 - 8.71) 22.69 (19.70 - 25.98) 5.96 (4.70 - 7.52)
Kansas 8.32 (7.10 - 9.74) 7.15 (5.54 - 9.19) 20.21 (17.24 - 23.55) 6.17 (4.83 - 7.86)
Kentucky 6.60 (5.55 - 7.83) 5.97 (4.66 - 7.63) 13.96 (11.56 - 16.77) 5.43 (4.23 - 6.95)
Louisiana 7.45 (6.25 - 8.86) 4.98 (3.89 - 6.36) 13.92 (11.50 - 16.75) 6.51 (5.10 - 8.27)
Maine 7.11 (5.98 - 8.44) 6.52 (5.01 - 8.46) 16.10 (13.56 - 19.02) 5.79 (4.53 - 7.37)
Maryland 6.48 (5.38 - 7.80) 4.98 (3.80 - 6.50) 14.78 (12.21 - 17.78) 5.34 (4.11 - 6.92)
Massachusetts 7.60 (6.41 - 8.99) 5.23 (4.01 - 6.77) 18.81 (16.08 - 21.88) 6.07 (4.74 - 7.75)
Michigan 7.41 (6.72 - 8.17) 5.31 (4.59 - 6.15) 18.09 (16.58 - 19.71) 5.84 (5.03 - 6.77)
Minnesota 8.31 (7.06 - 9.75) 5.87 (4.52 - 7.58) 18.59 (15.74 - 21.82) 6.76 (5.34 - 8.52)
Mississippi 6.28 (5.24 - 7.51) 4.38 (3.34 - 5.72) 12.89 (10.63 - 15.55) 5.24 (4.05 - 6.76)
Missouri 8.26 (7.06 - 9.65) 6.78 (5.31 - 8.61) 19.65 (16.86 - 22.78) 6.42 (5.06 - 8.11)
Montana 9.03 (7.76 - 10.48) 8.11 (6.36 - 10.27) 23.26 (20.26 - 26.55) 6.55 (5.10 - 8.38)
Nebraska 8.97 (7.70 - 10.41) 7.19 (5.62 - 9.15) 22.36 (19.17 - 25.91) 6.60 (5.21 - 8.33)
Nevada 8.05 (6.84 - 9.45) 6.06 (4.65 - 7.87) 19.21 (16.24 - 22.59) 6.53 (5.18 - 8.20)
New Hampshire 7.55 (6.37 - 8.91) 5.92 (4.57 - 7.63) 20.18 (17.10 - 23.66) 5.74 (4.47 - 7.35)
New Jersey 6.25 (5.16 - 7.54) 5.58 (4.28 - 7.26) 15.10 (12.54 - 18.07) 5.01 (3.81 - 6.56)
New Mexico 7.90 (6.72 - 9.27) 6.46 (4.97 - 8.37) 18.28 (15.41 - 21.54) 6.13 (4.81 - 7.79)
New York 6.52 (5.85 - 7.26) 5.12 (4.30 - 6.07) 16.38 (14.81 - 18.07) 5.06 (4.28 - 5.97)
North Carolina 6.46 (5.33 - 7.81) 5.11 (3.91 - 6.66) 13.94 (11.47 - 16.83) 5.39 (4.13 - 7.02)
North Dakota 9.49 (8.17 - 11.00) 7.96 (6.29 - 10.03) 24.00 (20.87 - 27.44) 6.69 (5.23 - 8.53)
Ohio 6.87 (6.24 - 7.55) 5.06 (4.32 - 5.93) 17.16 (15.69 - 18.73) 5.33 (4.59 - 6.18)
Oklahoma 7.42 (6.32 - 8.68) 5.97 (4.59 - 7.72) 17.52 (14.79 - 20.62) 5.66 (4.43 - 7.22)
Oregon 7.46 (6.37 - 8.72) 5.85 (4.52 - 7.54) 17.52 (14.82 - 20.59) 5.95 (4.74 - 7.45)
Pennsylvania 7.19 (6.53 - 7.91) 5.32 (4.52 - 6.25) 18.43 (16.92 - 20.04) 5.58 (4.80 - 6.47)
Rhode Island 7.78 (6.65 - 9.09) 5.76 (4.42 - 7.46) 19.13 (16.35 - 22.26) 5.99 (4.74 - 7.56)
South Carolina 7.35 (6.13 - 8.79) 4.26 (3.21 - 5.65) 12.96 (10.53 - 15.85) 6.77 (5.32 - 8.59)
South Dakota 8.70 (7.46 - 10.13) 7.77 (6.05 - 9.93) 20.98 (18.13 - 24.15) 6.40 (5.00 - 8.15)
Tennessee 6.42 (5.33 - 7.72) 4.63 (3.50 - 6.10) 14.24 (11.85 - 17.03) 5.34 (4.11 - 6.90)
Texas 7.44 (6.76 - 8.18) 5.01 (4.25 - 5.89) 16.01 (14.47 - 17.68) 6.12 (5.31 - 7.05)
Utah 6.90 (5.78 - 8.22) 4.76 (3.58 - 6.32) 14.04 (11.54 - 16.97) 5.30 (4.01 - 6.98)
Vermont 8.39 (7.16 - 9.81) 6.27 (4.92 - 7.97) 21.45 (18.42 - 24.83) 6.43 (5.05 - 8.15)
Virginia 6.94 (5.86 - 8.21) 4.79 (3.67 - 6.23) 17.40 (14.70 - 20.48) 5.49 (4.28 - 7.02)
Washington 7.71 (6.50 - 9.12) 5.55 (4.29 - 7.16) 17.32 (14.57 - 20.47) 6.33 (4.96 - 8.05)
West Virginia 6.62 (5.58 - 7.83) 6.20 (4.86 - 7.88) 16.97 (14.47 - 19.81) 5.04 (3.90 - 6.49)
Wisconsin 9.55 (8.14 - 11.17) 7.90 (6.26 - 9.94) 23.11 (19.87 - 26.70) 7.33 (5.77 - 9.29)
Wyoming 9.00 (7.67 - 10.54) 7.42 (5.87 - 9.33) 20.20 (17.32 - 23.42) 7.07 (5.56 - 8.96)

61023

Table B.23 Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Estimates for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) presented here are based on the short form of the SPD module. Hence, prior estimates based on the long form of the SPD module are not comparable with these estimates. For details, see Appendix A of this report.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 11.63   19.39   10.27  
Alabama 10.61 (9.03 - 12.43) 17.05 (14.62 - 19.80) 9.47 (7.71 - 11.57)
Alaska 11.93 (10.10 - 14.04) 18.29 (15.67 - 21.23) 10.68 (8.64 - 13.14)
Arizona 11.65 (9.91 - 13.64) 20.45 (17.59 - 23.64) 10.06 (8.14 - 12.35)
Arkansas 12.84 (11.04 - 14.90) 21.69 (18.98 - 24.68) 11.26 (9.25 - 13.64)
California 10.69 (9.63 - 11.86) 18.94 (17.40 - 20.58) 9.19 (8.00 - 10.54)
Colorado 11.40 (9.75 - 13.29) 19.00 (16.27 - 22.05) 10.06 (8.23 - 12.25)
Connecticut 11.46 (9.66 - 13.55) 21.04 (18.21 - 24.17) 10.00 (8.04 - 12.39)
Delaware 11.60 (9.89 - 13.56) 19.50 (16.95 - 22.34) 10.24 (8.33 - 12.52)
District of Columbia 12.12 (10.38 - 14.11) 17.27 (14.68 - 20.22) 11.20 (9.24 - 13.51)
Florida 11.12 (10.04 - 12.31) 16.93 (15.52 - 18.44) 10.25 (9.04 - 11.60)
Georgia 11.51 (9.81 - 13.47) 18.02 (15.47 - 20.88) 10.32 (8.43 - 12.58)
Hawaii 9.81 (8.16 - 11.76) 19.76 (16.82 - 23.06) 8.28 (6.50 - 10.49)
Idaho 11.98 (10.36 - 13.81) 20.90 (18.17 - 23.93) 10.15 (8.36 - 12.27)
Illinois 11.01 (10.00 - 12.12) 17.15 (15.69 - 18.72) 9.92 (8.78 - 11.19)
Indiana 12.52 (10.77 - 14.51) 19.89 (17.24 - 22.84) 11.17 (9.23 - 13.46)
Iowa 11.75 (10.04 - 13.71) 17.41 (14.88 - 20.27) 10.71 (8.78 - 13.00)
Kansas 13.64 (11.71 - 15.84) 19.76 (17.03 - 22.81) 12.45 (10.28 - 15.01)
Kentucky 14.68 (12.67 - 16.94) 19.54 (16.94 - 22.42) 13.85 (11.61 - 16.45)
Louisiana 12.21 (10.50 - 14.15) 19.17 (16.56 - 22.08) 10.80 (8.87 - 13.09)
Maine 11.84 (10.14 - 13.78) 21.42 (18.66 - 24.46) 10.35 (8.50 - 12.55)
Maryland 10.43 (8.79 - 12.33) 18.32 (15.84 - 21.09) 9.14 (7.35 - 11.32)
Massachusetts 10.92 (9.40 - 12.65) 22.42 (19.58 - 25.53) 9.06 (7.42 - 11.01)
Michigan 11.11 (10.11 - 12.20) 20.41 (18.86 - 22.06) 9.48 (8.36 - 10.73)
Minnesota 11.41 (9.82 - 13.23) 19.61 (16.94 - 22.58) 9.92 (8.17 - 11.99)
Mississippi 12.04 (10.38 - 13.93) 19.49 (16.89 - 22.39) 10.56 (8.71 - 12.77)
Missouri 14.06 (12.15 - 16.22) 21.33 (18.55 - 24.39) 12.76 (10.63 - 15.24)
Montana 12.46 (10.64 - 14.55) 19.90 (17.28 - 22.79) 11.11 (9.10 - 13.50)
Nebraska 11.24 (9.61 - 13.10) 18.53 (15.99 - 21.36) 9.82 (8.01 - 11.99)
Nevada 12.00 (10.19 - 14.07) 20.01 (17.16 - 23.20) 10.71 (8.72 - 13.09)
New Hampshire 11.56 (9.96 - 13.39) 21.77 (18.78 - 25.09) 9.93 (8.17 - 12.02)
New Jersey 10.31 (8.71 - 12.17) 19.73 (17.00 - 22.77) 8.91 (7.18 - 11.00)
New Mexico 12.75 (10.91 - 14.85) 18.95 (16.27 - 21.94) 11.57 (9.49 - 14.02)
New York 11.46 (10.39 - 12.61) 19.27 (17.70 - 20.95) 10.16 (8.96 - 11.49)
North Carolina 11.93 (10.09 - 14.05) 19.24 (16.55 - 22.26) 10.71 (8.68 - 13.14)
North Dakota 11.82 (10.16 - 13.70) 21.04 (18.28 - 24.08) 9.91 (8.07 - 12.12)
Ohio 12.81 (11.75 - 13.94) 22.70 (21.09 - 24.40) 11.09 (9.91 - 12.39)
Oklahoma 13.26 (11.51 - 15.23) 22.67 (19.77 - 25.86) 11.44 (9.51 - 13.71)
Oregon 12.30 (10.55 - 14.29) 22.13 (19.19 - 25.38) 10.63 (8.71 - 12.91)
Pennsylvania 11.21 (10.17 - 12.34) 18.43 (16.92 - 20.04) 10.02 (8.86 - 11.31)
Rhode Island 14.21 (12.15 - 16.54) 21.12 (18.22 - 24.34) 12.96 (10.65 - 15.67)
South Carolina 12.91 (11.17 - 14.88) 19.18 (16.45 - 22.24) 11.80 (9.86 - 14.06)
South Dakota 11.16 (9.48 - 13.09) 18.24 (15.66 - 21.15) 9.75 (7.88 - 12.01)
Tennessee 12.43 (10.61 - 14.50) 20.03 (17.28 - 23.09) 11.15 (9.15 - 13.52)
Texas 11.43 (10.44 - 12.51) 17.46 (16.05 - 18.96) 10.24 (9.10 - 11.51)
Utah 14.58 (12.71 - 16.66) 22.66 (19.75 - 25.85) 12.34 (10.18 - 14.90)
Vermont 11.50 (9.80 - 13.46) 22.00 (19.20 - 25.09) 9.70 (7.83 - 11.97)
Virginia 10.77 (9.19 - 12.59) 20.86 (18.09 - 23.93) 9.10 (7.37 - 11.17)
Washington 12.59 (10.84 - 14.58) 22.77 (19.68 - 26.20) 10.83 (8.91 - 13.10)
West Virginia 15.29 (13.17 - 17.68) 21.88 (19.25 - 24.75) 14.25 (11.90 - 16.98)
Wisconsin 11.77 (10.13 - 13.63) 18.55 (15.99 - 21.43) 10.55 (8.73 - 12.70)
Wyoming 13.33 (11.52 - 15.37) 21.38 (18.61 - 24.44) 11.79 (9.78 - 14.14)

61025

Table B.24 Having at Least One Major Depressive Episode in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2004 and 2005 NSDUHs
State 18 or Older AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of the symptoms for depression as described in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: There are minor wording differences in the questions in the adult and adolescent MDE module. Therefore, data from youths aged 12 to 17 were not combined with data from persons aged 18 or older to get an overall estimate (12 or older).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004 and 2005.
Total 7.65   8.88   9.93   7.25  
Alabama 7.39 (5.79 - 9.38) 8.88 (7.32 - 10.73) 9.54 (7.47 - 12.12) 7.00 (5.23 - 9.31)
Alaska 7.22 (5.67 - 9.15) 9.22 (7.47 - 11.31) 11.18 (8.84 - 14.03) 6.45 (4.72 - 8.75)
Arizona 7.38 (5.88 - 9.22) 9.43 (7.68 - 11.51) 9.76 (7.68 - 12.34) 6.95 (5.27 - 9.11)
Arkansas 8.39 (6.60 - 10.61) 8.68 (7.11 - 10.56) 9.70 (7.63 - 12.27) 8.15 (6.13 - 10.77)
California 6.88 (5.93 - 7.96) 8.82 (7.81 - 9.95) 9.21 (7.95 - 10.66) 6.45 (5.37 - 7.73)
Colorado 9.42 (7.57 - 11.67) 9.73 (7.96 - 11.85) 11.47 (9.19 - 14.23) 9.06 (6.98 - 11.68)
Connecticut 9.17 (7.18 - 11.64) 10.15 (8.44 - 12.17) 11.75 (9.17 - 14.94) 8.77 (6.58 - 11.61)
Delaware 7.55 (6.02 - 9.44) 8.87 (7.21 - 10.87) 9.69 (7.68 - 12.16) 7.18 (5.46 - 9.39)
District of Columbia 9.01 (7.10 - 11.38) 7.95 (6.34 - 9.92) 10.27 (8.16 - 12.85) 8.79 (6.65 - 11.54)
Florida 6.98 (6.04 - 8.05) 8.89 (7.89 - 10.00) 8.72 (7.45 - 10.18) 6.72 (5.67 - 7.93)
Georgia 7.96 (6.28 - 10.04) 7.71 (6.21 - 9.54) 8.37 (6.54 - 10.66) 7.88 (5.96 - 10.36)
Hawaii 6.74 (5.09 - 8.87) 8.78 (7.00 - 10.98) 8.71 (6.64 - 11.35) 6.43 (4.61 - 8.90)
Idaho 8.47 (6.84 - 10.46) 10.37 (8.43 - 12.69) 12.48 (10.00 - 15.48) 7.66 (5.79 - 10.06)
Illinois 7.13 (6.18 - 8.20) 8.29 (7.32 - 9.37) 9.24 (8.01 - 10.63) 6.75 (5.68 - 8.00)
Indiana 8.90 (7.23 - 10.90) 8.80 (7.20 - 10.71) 10.08 (8.02 - 12.59) 8.68 (6.78 - 11.06)
Iowa 7.35 (5.83 - 9.23) 8.01 (6.47 - 9.87) 9.01 (7.01 - 11.52) 7.05 (5.34 - 9.25)
Kansas 8.22 (6.57 - 10.23) 8.26 (6.66 - 10.22) 10.33 (8.18 - 12.98) 7.81 (5.95 - 10.19)
Kentucky 8.53 (6.82 - 10.61) 9.66 (8.01 - 11.61) 9.29 (7.28 - 11.77) 8.40 (6.47 - 10.83)
Louisiana 7.03 (5.64 - 8.74) 7.19 (5.80 - 8.87) 9.96 (7.90 - 12.48) 6.45 (4.87 - 8.48)
Maine 8.98 (7.03 - 11.40) 10.08 (8.28 - 12.23) 12.76 (10.16 - 15.91) 8.39 (6.23 - 11.21)
Maryland 6.99 (5.46 - 8.90) 8.51 (6.97 - 10.34) 9.82 (7.78 - 12.32) 6.53 (4.84 - 8.74)
Massachusetts 7.75 (6.09 - 9.81) 8.94 (7.33 - 10.87) 12.42 (10.05 - 15.24) 6.99 (5.17 - 9.40)
Michigan 7.40 (6.46 - 8.48) 9.05 (8.09 - 10.11) 10.60 (9.29 - 12.07) 6.84 (5.77 - 8.10)
Minnesota 7.16 (5.75 - 8.89) 8.92 (7.32 - 10.82) 10.07 (7.95 - 12.67) 6.64 (5.07 - 8.65)
Mississippi 7.76 (6.19 - 9.69) 8.26 (6.78 - 10.02) 9.97 (7.88 - 12.52) 7.32 (5.55 - 9.61)
Missouri 8.60 (6.90 - 10.67) 8.80 (7.31 - 10.54) 9.77 (7.76 - 12.23) 8.38 (6.46 - 10.81)
Montana 9.28 (7.33 - 11.68) 8.75 (7.21 - 10.59) 12.36 (9.96 - 15.23) 8.72 (6.53 - 11.56)
Nebraska 7.92 (6.30 - 9.91) 9.12 (7.45 - 11.11) 9.91 (7.88 - 12.40) 7.53 (5.72 - 9.87)
Nevada 9.80 (7.66 - 12.47) 10.28 (8.38 - 12.55) 10.83 (8.59 - 13.56) 9.64 (7.23 - 12.73)
New Hampshire 7.18 (5.65 - 9.07) 9.72 (7.99 - 11.78) 11.37 (8.92 - 14.38) 6.50 (4.83 - 8.70)
New Jersey 6.81 (5.30 - 8.71) 8.19 (6.63 - 10.08) 9.32 (7.33 - 11.79) 6.43 (4.77 - 8.62)
New Mexico 8.37 (6.68 - 10.44) 9.18 (7.53 - 11.16) 10.16 (8.15 - 12.60) 8.03 (6.11 - 10.47)
New York 7.34 (6.29 - 8.55) 9.17 (8.12 - 10.34) 9.43 (8.15 - 10.89) 6.99 (5.81 - 8.38)
North Carolina 7.65 (6.01 - 9.69) 8.99 (7.39 - 10.90) 10.07 (7.94 - 12.70) 7.24 (5.42 - 9.61)
North Dakota 7.32 (5.87 - 9.10) 8.86 (7.28 - 10.75) 11.22 (9.01 - 13.90) 6.52 (4.90 - 8.62)
Ohio 9.00 (7.89 - 10.24) 8.54 (7.59 - 9.60) 11.30 (9.91 - 12.85) 8.60 (7.33 - 10.06)
Oklahoma 7.98 (6.38 - 9.93) 9.10 (7.42 - 11.11) 12.88 (10.26 - 16.05) 7.03 (5.26 - 9.34)
Oregon 9.52 (7.66 - 11.77) 9.28 (7.61 - 11.28) 12.73 (10.34 - 15.58) 8.97 (6.89 - 11.60)
Pennsylvania 7.30 (6.27 - 8.49) 9.00 (8.04 - 10.06) 9.30 (8.01 - 10.79) 6.97 (5.80 - 8.35)
Rhode Island 9.88 (7.70 - 12.58) 9.26 (7.53 - 11.34) 10.43 (8.16 - 13.23) 9.78 (7.31 - 12.96)
South Carolina 7.70 (6.14 - 9.63) 8.40 (6.94 - 10.14) 9.63 (7.54 - 12.21) 7.36 (5.61 - 9.62)
South Dakota 7.31 (5.76 - 9.25) 7.40 (5.91 - 9.22) 9.14 (7.09 - 11.70) 6.96 (5.19 - 9.26)
Tennessee 8.25 (6.60 - 10.27) 9.15 (7.57 - 11.04) 10.14 (8.07 - 12.67) 7.93 (6.08 - 10.28)
Texas 7.04 (6.08 - 8.15) 8.76 (7.77 - 9.85) 8.63 (7.40 - 10.04) 6.73 (5.63 - 8.04)
Utah 10.14 (8.23 - 12.43) 10.14 (8.39 - 12.20) 13.36 (10.64 - 16.64) 9.26 (7.05 - 12.07)
Vermont 8.00 (6.37 - 10.00) 8.46 (6.96 - 10.24) 11.84 (9.45 - 14.73) 7.34 (5.53 - 9.69)
Virginia 7.39 (5.84 - 9.32) 9.33 (7.62 - 11.37) 11.08 (8.89 - 13.71) 6.78 (5.05 - 9.06)
Washington 7.86 (6.25 - 9.85) 9.84 (8.13 - 11.85) 11.92 (9.58 - 14.73) 7.16 (5.37 - 9.49)
West Virginia 9.48 (7.63 - 11.73) 8.60 (7.00 - 10.54) 10.28 (8.27 - 12.72) 9.35 (7.28 - 11.93)
Wisconsin 8.41 (6.78 - 10.38) 9.40 (7.71 - 11.42) 10.99 (8.79 - 13.66) 7.95 (6.13 - 10.25)
Wyoming 9.30 (7.51 - 11.46) 9.15 (7.49 - 11.14) 12.16 (9.88 - 14.87) 8.75 (6.73 - 11.31)

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This page was last updated on December 24, 2008.