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2004 State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health
(from the 2003-2004 National Surveys on Drug Use & Health)

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

23 Tables of Estimates by Age Group and State

51010

Table  1. Any Illicit Drug Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 19,272   2,743   6,337   10,192  
Alabama 258 (218 - 304) 37 (31 - 46) 87 (73 - 102) 134 (102 - 174)
Alaska 60 (52 - 69) 10 (8 - 12) 18 (15 - 20) 32 (26 - 41)
Arizona 377 (320 - 443) 63 (52 - 76) 112 (94 - 132) 203 (156 - 261)
Arkansas 170 (144 - 198) 27 (22 - 33) 58 (49 - 68) 84 (65 - 110)
California 2,571 (2,349 - 2,814) 387 (346 - 432) 776 (712 - 845) 1,408 (1,210 - 1,636)
Colorado 379 (327 - 437) 52 (44 - 63) 117 (101 - 135) 210 (166 - 263)
Connecticut 247 (212 - 287) 35 (29 - 41) 89 (77 - 101) 123 (94 - 161)
Delaware 58 (50 - 67) 8 (7 - 10) 23 (20 - 27) 27 (21 - 34)
District of Columbia 45 (38 - 54) 3 (3 - 4) 15 (13 - 18) 26 (20 - 35)
Florida 1,110 (1,011 - 1,221) 141 (126 - 158) 333 (306 - 362) 636 (545 - 740)
Georgia 560 (476 - 658) 72 (58 - 89) 171 (144 - 203) 317 (247 - 404)
Hawaii 81 (67 - 97) 12 (10 - 15) 23 (20 - 27) 45 (34 - 61)
Idaho 77 (65 - 91) 13 (11 - 16) 24 (20 - 29) 40 (31 - 52)
Illinois 788 (718 - 866) 99 (88 - 112) 273 (250 - 296) 417 (355 - 488)
Indiana 377 (323 - 437) 56 (46 - 68) 131 (110 - 154) 190 (150 - 241)
Iowa 161 (136 - 189) 21 (17 - 26) 58 (48 - 68) 82 (62 - 107)
Kansas 148 (124 - 175) 25 (20 - 30) 52 (43 - 62) 71 (53 - 95)
Kentucky 294 (252 - 342) 41 (34 - 49) 90 (77 - 104) 163 (128 - 206)
Louisiana 278 (240 - 322) 41 (33 - 49) 100 (86 - 116) 138 (107 - 177)
Maine 104 (90 - 121) 15 (13 - 18) 34 (30 - 39) 55 (43 - 70)
Maryland 317 (269 - 376) 47 (38 - 57) 115 (97 - 134) 156 (117 - 206)
Massachusetts 547 (476 - 627) 68 (56 - 82) 199 (174 - 226) 280 (221 - 353)
Michigan 750 (689 - 818) 111 (100 - 122) 242 (223 - 261) 398 (344 - 461)
Minnesota 313 (265 - 367) 45 (37 - 55) 107 (90 - 126) 161 (124 - 208)
Mississippi 135 (113 - 161) 24 (19 - 30) 47 (38 - 56) 64 (47 - 87)
Missouri 384 (329 - 446) 54 (45 - 65) 121 (104 - 141) 208 (164 - 263)
Montana 75 (65 - 87) 11 (9 - 13) 24 (21 - 27) 41 (32 - 52)
Nebraska 98 (83 - 116) 15 (12 - 19) 35 (29 - 42) 47 (36 - 62)
Nevada 161 (136 - 191) 22 (18 - 27) 42 (35 - 49) 98 (77 - 125)
New Hampshire 108 (94 - 123) 14 (12 - 17) 37 (32 - 42) 56 (45 - 71)
New Jersey 490 (416 - 577) 76 (62 - 93) 174 (148 - 203) 239 (181 - 315)
New Mexico 173 (147 - 202) 28 (24 - 34) 52 (45 - 60) 92 (71 - 119)
New York 1,451 (1,330 - 1,585) 181 (161 - 203) 503 (463 - 544) 768 (661 - 891)
North Carolina 497 (422 - 583) 78 (64 - 94) 158 (133 - 186) 262 (202 - 338)
North Dakota 39 (33 - 47) 6 (5 - 7) 14 (11 - 16) 20 (15 - 27)
Ohio 745 (681 - 815) 105 (95 - 117) 247 (228 - 268) 392 (335 - 458)
Oklahoma 241 (203 - 285) 35 (29 - 43) 81 (68 - 96) 125 (95 - 165)
Oregon 283 (245 - 327) 37 (31 - 45) 91 (79 - 104) 155 (122 - 195)
Pennsylvania 808 (739 - 885) 111 (99 - 123) 279 (257 - 302) 419 (358 - 490)
Rhode Island 98 (85 - 113) 12 (10 - 14) 36 (31 - 41) 51 (40 - 64)
South Carolina 261 (223 - 304) 39 (32 - 47) 87 (74 - 103) 135 (106 - 172)
South Dakota 44 (36 - 52) 7 (5 - 8) 14 (12 - 17) 23 (17 - 30)
Tennessee 331 (277 - 393) 44 (35 - 53) 102 (84 - 123) 186 (143 - 240)
Texas 1,226 (1,121 - 1,341) 193 (171 - 218) 421 (383 - 462) 612 (524 - 714)
Utah 126 (106 - 150) 18 (14 - 23) 48 (40 - 59) 60 (45 - 80)
Vermont 56 (48 - 64) 7 (6 - 9) 20 (17 - 23) 28 (22 - 36)
Virginia 434 (369 - 509) 59 (47 - 73) 152 (129 - 176) 223 (172 - 288)
Washington 434 (369 - 509) 62 (51 - 74) 138 (117 - 161) 235 (181 - 303)
West Virginia 113 (97 - 132) 16 (13 - 19) 37 (32 - 43) 61 (47 - 78)
Wisconsin 356 (304 - 414) 55 (46 - 67) 121 (103 - 142) 180 (138 - 232)
Wyoming 33 (28 - 39) 4 (4 - 5) 11 (10 - 13) 17 (13 - 22)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  2. Marijuana Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 25,342   3,700   9,004   12,638  
Alabama 334 (290 - 386) 51 (43 - 60) 127 (111 - 145) 156 (121 - 201)
Alaska 81 (70 - 92) 13 (11 - 15) 25 (22 - 28) 43 (34 - 53)
Arizona 478 (414 - 550) 83 (70 - 97) 163 (141 - 186) 233 (183 - 296)
Arkansas 228 (199 - 261) 34 (29 - 40) 91 (81 - 102) 103 (80 - 132)
California 3,192 (2,958 - 3,446) 469 (425 - 516) 1,099 (1,022 - 1,179) 1,625 (1,417 - 1,860)
Colorado 496 (432 - 567) 71 (60 - 83) 156 (138 - 176) 269 (216 - 333)
Connecticut 361 (316 - 413) 55 (47 - 64) 132 (119 - 146) 174 (136 - 222)
Delaware 73 (64 - 84) 10 (9 - 12) 29 (25 - 32) 34 (27 - 44)
District of Columbia 65 (57 - 75) 4 (4 - 5) 22 (19 - 25) 39 (31 - 48)
Florida 1,511 (1,397 - 1,637) 196 (178 - 216) 482 (449 - 516) 833 (729 - 951)
Georgia 684 (587 - 795) 101 (85 - 121) 222 (190 - 258) 360 (281 - 459)
Hawaii 110 (94 - 128) 17 (14 - 20) 36 (31 - 41) 57 (44 - 74)
Idaho 102 (89 - 117) 18 (15 - 22) 39 (34 - 45) 45 (35 - 58)
Illinois 1,084 (1,005 - 1,170) 150 (136 - 165) 393 (367 - 420) 541 (472 - 619)
Indiana 527 (456 - 603) 74 (62 - 88) 204 (179 - 231) 249 (194 - 318)
Iowa 231 (198 - 266) 30 (25 - 35) 96 (83 - 110) 105 (81 - 136)
Kansas 203 (175 - 236) 33 (27 - 39) 78 (67 - 90) 93 (71 - 120)
Kentucky 361 (312 - 416) 54 (46 - 63) 111 (97 - 127) 195 (155 - 246)
Louisiana 325 (281 - 374) 50 (41 - 60) 128 (112 - 146) 146 (113 - 190)
Maine 139 (123 - 158) 20 (17 - 23) 49 (45 - 55) 70 (56 - 87)
Maryland 467 (404 - 543) 73 (61 - 87) 166 (144 - 189) 228 (176 - 293)
Massachusetts 763 (676 - 860) 92 (79 - 107) 258 (231 - 285) 414 (338 - 504)
Michigan 1,051 (977 - 1,132) 146 (134 - 159) 356 (336 - 376) 550 (482 - 625)
Minnesota 472 (408 - 541) 73 (62 - 85) 169 (147 - 192) 231 (180 - 293)
Mississippi 183 (155 - 213) 26 (21 - 32) 71 (60 - 82) 86 (65 - 113)
Missouri 563 (494 - 640) 82 (70 - 96) 193 (171 - 216) 288 (231 - 358)
Montana 99 (87 - 112) 16 (14 - 18) 36 (32 - 40) 47 (38 - 59)
Nebraska 137 (118 - 159) 21 (17 - 25) 51 (44 - 58) 66 (51 - 85)
Nevada 196 (169 - 228) 33 (28 - 39) 59 (51 - 67) 105 (82 - 133)
New Hampshire 159 (139 - 181) 21 (18 - 24) 53 (48 - 59) 85 (68 - 105)
New Jersey 623 (538 - 722) 97 (81 - 116) 236 (205 - 270) 290 (222 - 376)
New Mexico 204 (177 - 233) 35 (30 - 40) 73 (64 - 82) 96 (75 - 122)
New York 1,883 (1,753 - 2,024) 235 (214 - 258) 678 (635 - 721) 970 (855 - 1,100)
North Carolina 650 (562 - 749) 102 (86 - 120) 227 (197 - 260) 321 (252 - 407)
North Dakota 53 (47 - 61) 8 (7 - 10) 24 (21 - 27) 21 (16 - 27)
Ohio 957 (888 - 1,032) 141 (128 - 155) 348 (326 - 371) 468 (406 - 538)
Oklahoma 282 (243 - 324) 48 (41 - 56) 107 (92 - 124) 126 (97 - 163)
Oregon 393 (346 - 447) 54 (47 - 62) 134 (120 - 149) 205 (165 - 255)
Pennsylvania 1,092 (1,013 - 1,179) 149 (135 - 164) 405 (380 - 430) 539 (468 - 619)
Rhode Island 135 (118 - 153) 16 (14 - 19) 52 (47 - 58) 66 (52 - 83)
South Carolina 340 (296 - 390) 50 (42 - 59) 118 (103 - 136) 172 (137 - 216)
South Dakota 60 (52 - 68) 11 (9 - 13) 23 (20 - 27) 26 (20 - 33)
Tennessee 410 (351 - 474) 61 (51 - 72) 139 (118 - 162) 211 (165 - 268)
Texas 1,494 (1,382 - 1,616) 272 (245 - 301) 559 (516 - 604) 664 (569 - 773)
Utah 146 (124 - 172) 24 (19 - 30) 67 (56 - 79) 56 (40 - 77)
Vermont 79 (70 - 89) 11 (9 - 12) 31 (28 - 34) 38 (31 - 47)
Virginia 585 (507 - 675) 79 (65 - 95) 231 (204 - 260) 275 (213 - 353)
Washington 593 (517 - 676) 83 (70 - 97) 200 (176 - 225) 310 (247 - 387)
West Virginia 148 (129 - 169) 21 (18 - 25) 56 (50 - 63) 71 (56 - 89)
Wisconsin 493 (429 - 562) 82 (70 - 96) 185 (162 - 210) 226 (177 - 288)
Wyoming 45 (39 - 51) 6 (5 - 8) 18 (15 - 20) 21 (16 - 26)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  3. Marijuana Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 14,608   1,940   5,298   7,370  
Alabama 175 (144 - 213) 25 (19 - 31) 69 (58 - 83) 81 (58 - 113)
Alaska 50 (42 - 59) 8 (7 - 10) 16 (14 - 19) 26 (20 - 34)
Arizona 268 (221 - 325) 42 (32 - 53) 93 (77 - 111) 134 (98 - 183)
Arkansas 130 (110 - 154) 20 (16 - 25) 49 (41 - 59) 61 (46 - 82)
California 1,933 (1,752 - 2,133) 273 (240 - 311) 641 (583 - 704) 1,019 (861 - 1,203)
Colorado 273 (228 - 325) 38 (31 - 47) 95 (80 - 111) 140 (105 - 187)
Connecticut 204 (172 - 242) 26 (20 - 32) 81 (70 - 93) 97 (72 - 131)
Delaware 43 (36 - 50) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (16 - 22) 18 (14 - 25)
District of Columbia 35 (29 - 42) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (12 - 17) 19 (14 - 26)
Florida 840 (753 - 939) 100 (88 - 115) 274 (248 - 302) 465 (389 - 556)
Georgia 383 (315 - 465) 48 (38 - 62) 127 (104 - 155) 208 (154 - 279)
Hawaii 66 (54 - 81) 10 (8 - 12) 20 (17 - 24) 36 (26 - 50)
Idaho 54 (44 - 65) 9 (7 - 12) 19 (15 - 23) 25 (18 - 35)
Illinois 594 (534 - 662) 69 (60 - 80) 233 (211 - 256) 292 (242 - 353)
Indiana 285 (235 - 341) 42 (33 - 52) 105 (87 - 125) 139 (102 - 187)
Iowa 116 (94 - 141) 16 (12 - 20) 46 (38 - 56) 54 (38 - 76)
Kansas 111 (91 - 136) 18 (14 - 23) 44 (36 - 54) 49 (35 - 70)
Kentucky 219 (183 - 262) 29 (24 - 37) 70 (59 - 83) 120 (90 - 159)
Louisiana 191 (159 - 228) 26 (20 - 33) 81 (68 - 96) 84 (61 - 115)
Maine 93 (78 - 110) 13 (10 - 16) 32 (28 - 37) 47 (35 - 64)
Maryland 250 (206 - 306) 36 (28 - 46) 100 (84 - 119) 113 (80 - 161)
Massachusetts 468 (401 - 546) 53 (43 - 65) 177 (154 - 202) 239 (186 - 306)
Michigan 603 (548 - 664) 79 (70 - 89) 211 (194 - 228) 313 (265 - 370)
Minnesota 258 (211 - 312) 36 (28 - 45) 95 (79 - 113) 127 (92 - 174)
Mississippi 99 (80 - 121) 14 (11 - 19) 38 (31 - 47) 46 (32 - 65)
Missouri 301 (252 - 359) 40 (32 - 50) 106 (89 - 125) 155 (117 - 205)
Montana 62 (52 - 73) 8 (6 - 10) 21 (18 - 25) 32 (24 - 43)
Nebraska 76 (62 - 92) 11 (9 - 14) 30 (25 - 36) 34 (25 - 47)
Nevada 114 (95 - 138) 15 (12 - 19) 35 (29 - 42) 65 (49 - 85)
New Hampshire 95 (80 - 112) 12 (10 - 15) 32 (28 - 37) 50 (38 - 66)
New Jersey 357 (294 - 434) 51 (39 - 66) 144 (120 - 171) 162 (116 - 227)
New Mexico 133 (111 - 158) 21 (17 - 26) 46 (39 - 54) 66 (49 - 89)
New York 1,186 (1,077 - 1,306) 133 (116 - 152) 439 (404 - 477) 613 (519 - 724)
North Carolina 386 (320 - 464) 52 (41 - 65) 136 (113 - 163) 198 (146 - 267)
North Dakota 30 (24 - 36) 4 (3 - 5) 12 (10 - 15) 14 (10 - 19)
Ohio 577 (525 - 635) 81 (71 - 91) 208 (191 - 227) 289 (243 - 342)
Oklahoma 160 (132 - 194) 23 (18 - 30) 65 (54 - 79) 72 (52 - 100)
Oregon 240 (203 - 283) 29 (24 - 36) 83 (71 - 95) 128 (98 - 168)
Pennsylvania 624 (567 - 687) 80 (70 - 91) 233 (214 - 255) 310 (262 - 367)
Rhode Island 83 (71 - 97) 10 (8 - 12) 32 (28 - 37) 41 (31 - 53)
South Carolina 196 (163 - 236) 24 (19 - 30) 72 (60 - 85) 101 (75 - 134)
South Dakota 31 (25 - 37) 5 (4 - 6) 12 (10 - 14) 14 (10 - 20)
Tennessee 245 (199 - 299) 29 (22 - 38) 82 (66 - 100) 134 (99 - 180)
Texas 825 (740 - 920) 122 (104 - 142) 325 (291 - 362) 379 (311 - 462)
Utah 77 (62 - 96) 11 (8 - 15) 34 (27 - 43) 32 (22 - 47)
Vermont 48 (41 - 56) 6 (5 - 7) 19 (16 - 21) 23 (18 - 31)
Virginia 323 (266 - 392) 42 (33 - 53) 122 (102 - 146) 159 (116 - 217)
Washington 324 (269 - 389) 42 (33 - 53) 117 (98 - 138) 165 (123 - 222)
West Virginia 86 (72 - 104) 11 (8 - 14) 31 (26 - 36) 45 (33 - 61)
Wisconsin 264 (217 - 317) 40 (32 - 50) 101 (84 - 120) 123 (89 - 169)
Wyoming 24 (20 - 29) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 12) 11 (8 - 15)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  4. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 95,031   8,767   8,054   78,210  
Alabama 1,901 (1,770 - 2,030) 156 (141 - 171) 164 (147 - 183) 1,581 (1,455 - 1,705)
Alaska 143 (127 - 161) 19 (16 - 22) 14 (12 - 16) 111 (95 - 127)
Arizona 1,826 (1,678 - 1,979) 175 (156 - 196) 175 (155 - 198) 1,476 (1,336 - 1,618)
Arkansas 1,017 (945 - 1,090) 88 (80 - 97) 85 (75 - 95) 844 (775 - 913)
California 11,437 (10,943 - 11,936) 1,100 (1,037 - 1,164) 1,048 (976 - 1,123) 9,290 (8,817 - 9,769)
Colorado 1,158 (1,052 - 1,271) 120 (107 - 135) 105 (91 - 121) 933 (832 - 1,039)
Connecticut 979 (883 - 1,079) 82 (73 - 93) 70 (60 - 80) 827 (735 - 923)
Delaware 272 (250 - 294) 23 (20 - 25) 20 (18 - 23) 229 (209 - 250)
District of Columbia 158 (143 - 175) 10 (8 - 11) 14 (12 - 16) 135 (120 - 150)
Florida 6,138 (5,899 - 6,376) 503 (477 - 530) 441 (410 - 473) 5,194 (4,962 - 5,427)
Georgia 3,093 (2,875 - 3,313) 297 (269 - 327) 301 (267 - 337) 2,495 (2,287 - 2,704)
Hawaii 393 (358 - 430) 32 (28 - 36) 35 (31 - 40) 326 (292 - 361)
Idaho 433 (401 - 466) 47 (42 - 52) 44 (39 - 50) 342 (312 - 373)
Illinois 3,953 (3,789 - 4,119) 376 (356 - 397) 346 (323 - 371) 3,231 (3,072 - 3,392)
Indiana 2,090 (1,944 - 2,243) 198 (179 - 219) 171 (150 - 194) 1,721 (1,580 - 1,863)
Iowa 1,018 (939 - 1,100) 99 (90 - 108) 89 (78 - 101) 830 (755 - 908)
Kansas 965 (893 - 1,038) 98 (89 - 108) 83 (73 - 95) 784 (715 - 852)
Kentucky 1,408 (1,301 - 1,519) 132 (120 - 145) 126 (112 - 141) 1,150 (1,047 - 1,256)
Louisiana 1,658 (1,548 - 1,771) 149 (135 - 164) 153 (136 - 171) 1,356 (1,251 - 1,461)
Maine 380 (344 - 417) 29 (26 - 33) 23 (19 - 27) 327 (293 - 363)
Maryland 1,801 (1,638 - 1,967) 173 (155 - 191) 144 (126 - 164) 1,484 (1,329 - 1,644)
Massachusetts 1,680 (1,521 - 1,847) 143 (126 - 161) 124 (106 - 145) 1,412 (1,260 - 1,573)
Michigan 3,089 (2,948 - 3,231) 290 (273 - 307) 240 (222 - 260) 2,559 (2,423 - 2,696)
Minnesota 1,365 (1,241 - 1,498) 140 (125 - 157) 123 (106 - 142) 1,102 (985 - 1,226)
Mississippi 1,194 (1,120 - 1,269) 113 (103 - 124) 127 (115 - 140) 953 (882 - 1,024)
Missouri 1,804 (1,667 - 1,946) 168 (151 - 185) 150 (131 - 170) 1,487 (1,354 - 1,623)
Montana 303 (277 - 329) 26 (23 - 29) 22 (19 - 25) 254 (230 - 279)
Nebraska 568 (520 - 617) 48 (42 - 54) 56 (49 - 64) 463 (418 - 510)
Nevada 707 (650 - 766) 69 (61 - 77) 59 (52 - 66) 579 (525 - 635)
New Hampshire 307 (277 - 339) 30 (26 - 34) 20 (17 - 24) 257 (228 - 288)
New Jersey 2,934 (2,697 - 3,176) 258 (228 - 289) 185 (159 - 214) 2,491 (2,265 - 2,722)
New Mexico 598 (548 - 649) 50 (44 - 57) 52 (45 - 60) 496 (448 - 544)
New York 5,896 (5,605 - 6,191) 477 (445 - 509) 471 (433 - 510) 4,949 (4,667 - 5,236)
North Carolina 2,888 (2,664 - 3,119) 249 (224 - 276) 247 (218 - 279) 2,392 (2,175 - 2,612)
North Dakota 213 (197 - 230) 19 (17 - 21) 20 (18 - 23) 174 (158 - 189)
Ohio 3,693 (3,528 - 3,860) 341 (323 - 360) 293 (272 - 315) 3,060 (2,901 - 3,221)
Oklahoma 1,264 (1,167 - 1,363) 113 (101 - 125) 115 (101 - 131) 1,036 (944 - 1,128)
Oregon 992 (902 - 1,087) 96 (86 - 107) 81 (70 - 93) 815 (729 - 906)
Pennsylvania 4,252 (4,083 - 4,422) 363 (343 - 383) 288 (267 - 310) 3,601 (3,436 - 3,768)
Rhode Island 309 (280 - 339) 26 (23 - 30) 25 (21 - 29) 258 (231 - 287)
South Carolina 1,502 (1,395 - 1,612) 137 (124 - 150) 120 (105 - 136) 1,245 (1,143 - 1,348)
South Dakota 243 (223 - 263) 26 (23 - 28) 22 (19 - 26) 195 (176 - 214)
Tennessee 1,955 (1,804 - 2,113) 173 (156 - 192) 161 (140 - 184) 1,621 (1,476 - 1,769)
Texas 7,927 (7,633 - 8,222) 790 (749 - 832) 775 (728 - 824) 6,362 (6,081 - 6,644)
Utah 798 (743 - 855) 102 (93 - 111) 116 (103 - 129) 581 (529 - 633)
Vermont 148 (132 - 164) 14 (13 - 16) 11 (9 - 13) 122 (107 - 139)
Virginia 2,402 (2,211 - 2,598) 232 (209 - 257) 179 (157 - 204) 1,991 (1,807 - 2,178)
Washington 1,332 (1,180 - 1,495) 155 (137 - 175) 120 (101 - 141) 1,057 (914 - 1,213)
West Virginia 729 (678 - 781) 49 (44 - 54) 53 (47 - 60) 627 (577 - 677)
Wisconsin 1,551 (1,412 - 1,698) 145 (129 - 162) 134 (115 - 156) 1,272 (1,140 - 1,410)
Wyoming 162 (150 - 175) 16 (14 - 17) 12 (10 - 14) 134 (122 - 147)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  5. Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 2,550   1,350   1,058   141  
Alabama 37 (32 - 43) 19 (16 - 23) 16 (13 - 20) 2 (1 - 4)
Alaska 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 5) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0)
Arizona 48 (41 - 56) 27 (22 - 34) 17 (13 - 22) 3 (2 - 5)
Arkansas 23 (19 - 27) 12 (9 - 14) 10 (8 - 12) 1 (1 - 3)
California 320 (293 - 351) 169 (150 - 189) 139 (120 - 161) 13 (7 - 23)
Colorado 43 (37 - 50) 24 (20 - 29) 16 (13 - 21) 2 (1 - 4)
Connecticut 35 (30 - 40) 21 (17 - 25) 12 (10 - 16) 2 (1 - 3)
Delaware 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 5) 3 (2 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
District of Columbia 5 (4 - 5) 2 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Florida 130 (118 - 143) 71 (63 - 79) 49 (42 - 58) 9 (5 - 16)
Georgia 69 (59 - 82) 37 (31 - 46) 27 (21 - 36) 5 (3 - 8)
Hawaii 10 (8 - 12) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 6) 0 (0 - 1)
Idaho 13 (11 - 15) 7 (6 - 9) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1)
Illinois 109 (100 - 119) 59 (52 - 66) 45 (39 - 51) 5 (3 - 9)
Indiana 54 (46 - 63) 27 (22 - 33) 23 (18 - 29) 4 (2 - 8)
Iowa 27 (23 - 31) 12 (9 - 14) 14 (11 - 18) 1 (1 - 3)
Kansas 26 (23 - 31) 13 (10 - 16) 12 (9 - 15) 1 (1 - 3)
Kentucky 34 (30 - 40) 20 (17 - 24) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Louisiana 41 (35 - 48) 21 (17 - 26) 18 (14 - 22) 2 (1 - 4)
Maine 12 (10 - 13) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (4 - 6) 1 (0 - 1)
Maryland 47 (41 - 55) 27 (22 - 33) 18 (14 - 23) 2 (1 - 4)
Massachusetts 55 (47 - 64) 29 (24 - 36) 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 6)
Michigan 94 (87 - 102) 51 (46 - 57) 38 (33 - 43) 5 (3 - 8)
Minnesota 47 (40 - 54) 24 (20 - 30) 20 (15 - 25) 3 (2 - 5)
Mississippi 24 (21 - 28) 11 (9 - 14) 12 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 3)
Missouri 54 (47 - 63) 28 (24 - 34) 22 (18 - 28) 4 (2 - 7)
Montana 10 (9 - 11) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1)
Nebraska 16 (14 - 19) 8 (7 - 10) 7 (5 - 9) 1 (1 - 2)
Nevada 18 (15 - 21) 11 (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2)
New Hampshire 13 (11 - 15) 7 (6 - 8) 5 (4 - 7) 1 (0 - 1)
New Jersey 71 (61 - 83) 41 (33 - 50) 27 (21 - 34) 4 (2 - 7)
New Mexico 18 (16 - 21) 11 (9 - 13) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (0 - 2)
New York 173 (157 - 190) 86 (77 - 97) 77 (67 - 90) 9 (5 - 15)
North Carolina 71 (61 - 82) 39 (32 - 47) 28 (22 - 36) 4 (2 - 8)
North Dakota 7 (6 - 8) 3 (3 - 4) 3 (3 - 4) 0 (0 - 1)
Ohio 103 (95 - 113) 53 (48 - 59) 45 (39 - 52) 6 (3 - 9)
Oklahoma 30 (26 - 35) 15 (12 - 19) 13 (10 - 17) 2 (1 - 3)
Oregon 31 (27 - 36) 17 (14 - 21) 11 (9 - 15) 2 (1 - 4)
Pennsylvania 111 (102 - 122) 57 (51 - 64) 48 (42 - 55) 6 (4 - 10)
Rhode Island 10 (9 - 12) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 5) 1 (0 - 1)
South Carolina 40 (34 - 46) 20 (16 - 24) 18 (14 - 23) 2 (1 - 4)
South Dakota 8 (7 - 10) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (3 - 5) 0 (0 - 1)
Tennessee 44 (37 - 52) 23 (19 - 28) 18 (14 - 23) 3 (2 - 6)
Texas 189 (172 - 208) 102 (90 - 115) 75 (65 - 88) 11 (7 - 19)
Utah 21 (17 - 25) 9 (7 - 12) 10 (7 - 13) 1 (1 - 3)
Vermont 7 (6 - 8) 4 (3 - 4) 3 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 1)
Virginia 61 (53 - 71) 29 (23 - 36) 29 (23 - 36) 3 (2 - 6)
Washington 52 (45 - 61) 29 (24 - 35) 21 (16 - 27) 3 (2 - 5)
West Virginia 16 (13 - 18) 8 (7 - 10) 6 (5 - 8) 1 (1 - 2)
Wisconsin 54 (46 - 62) 28 (23 - 34) 23 (18 - 29) 3 (1 - 5)
Wyoming 5 (4 - 6) 3 (2 - 3) 2 (2 - 3) 0 (0 - 0)
NOTE: Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  6. Any Illicit Drug Use Other Than Marijuana in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 8,548   1,372   2,642   4,534  
Alabama 135 (110 - 165) 20 (16 - 26) 42 (34 - 53) 72 (52 - 100)
Alaska 20 (17 - 24) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (4 - 7) 11 (8 - 15)
Arizona 182 (150 - 221) 33 (25 - 42) 48 (37 - 61) 102 (76 - 137)
Arkansas 85 (70 - 103) 15 (12 - 20) 28 (22 - 35) 42 (30 - 58)
California 1,079 (954 - 1,221) 191 (165 - 222) 305 (264 - 352) 582 (474 - 714)
Colorado 173 (141 - 213) 22 (17 - 28) 48 (38 - 60) 103 (76 - 141)
Connecticut 93 (76 - 114) 15 (12 - 19) 29 (23 - 37) 49 (35 - 68)
Delaware 27 (22 - 32) 4 (3 - 5) 10 (8 - 12) 13 (10 - 18)
District of Columbia 16 (12 - 20) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (8 - 15)
Florida 502 (441 - 572) 70 (60 - 82) 137 (120 - 157) 295 (240 - 361)
Georgia 274 (222 - 337) 37 (29 - 49) 77 (60 - 99) 159 (116 - 218)
Hawaii 29 (22 - 37) 6 (4 - 8) 8 (6 - 10) 15 (10 - 23)
Idaho 38 (31 - 47) 6 (5 - 8) 12 (9 - 15) 20 (15 - 28)
Illinois 337 (295 - 385) 49 (42 - 59) 103 (89 - 120) 185 (148 - 230)
Indiana 180 (148 - 216) 29 (23 - 37) 61 (48 - 76) 90 (66 - 122)
Iowa 77 (62 - 96) 11 (8 - 14) 26 (20 - 34) 41 (29 - 57)
Kansas 69 (55 - 85) 12 (9 - 17) 22 (17 - 30) 34 (24 - 49)
Kentucky 138 (116 - 165) 22 (18 - 28) 44 (36 - 55) 72 (54 - 96)
Louisiana 142 (119 - 169) 23 (18 - 29) 44 (35 - 55) 75 (56 - 100)
Maine 40 (33 - 49) 6 (5 - 8) 14 (11 - 17) 20 (14 - 28)
Maryland 142 (116 - 176) 21 (16 - 28) 46 (36 - 59) 75 (53 - 105)
Massachusetts 192 (160 - 230) 29 (23 - 38) 72 (57 - 90) 91 (66 - 125)
Michigan 286 (253 - 323) 57 (49 - 65) 90 (79 - 102) 140 (112 - 175)
Minnesota 136 (110 - 167) 21 (16 - 27) 44 (34 - 57) 71 (51 - 99)
Mississippi 73 (59 - 90) 14 (11 - 19) 23 (18 - 30) 36 (25 - 51)
Missouri 177 (147 - 213) 28 (22 - 35) 60 (48 - 74) 90 (66 - 121)
Montana 28 (24 - 34) 5 (4 - 6) 8 (7 - 11) 15 (11 - 21)
Nebraska 43 (35 - 53) 8 (6 - 10) 15 (11 - 19) 21 (15 - 30)
Nevada 75 (60 - 93) 10 (7 - 13) 18 (14 - 23) 47 (35 - 65)
New Hampshire 40 (33 - 48) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (12 - 18) 19 (14 - 26)
New Jersey 225 (186 - 273) 39 (30 - 50) 70 (55 - 89) 116 (84 - 160)
New Mexico 70 (57 - 85) 12 (10 - 16) 22 (17 - 27) 36 (26 - 50)
New York 495 (434 - 564) 80 (68 - 94) 164 (143 - 188) 251 (199 - 316)
North Carolina 237 (194 - 288) 38 (30 - 49) 65 (50 - 84) 133 (98 - 180)
North Dakota 17 (14 - 21) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 9 (6 - 13)
Ohio 321 (281 - 367) 51 (43 - 59) 105 (92 - 119) 166 (132 - 209)
Oklahoma 118 (97 - 143) 20 (15 - 25) 42 (33 - 53) 57 (40 - 79)
Oregon 112 (93 - 136) 16 (12 - 20) 34 (27 - 43) 62 (46 - 84)
Pennsylvania 355 (314 - 401) 57 (49 - 65) 112 (99 - 127) 186 (150 - 229)
Rhode Island 38 (31 - 46) 5 (4 - 6) 14 (11 - 18) 19 (14 - 25)
South Carolina 123 (102 - 148) 19 (15 - 24) 41 (32 - 51) 64 (47 - 86)
South Dakota 19 (15 - 24) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (4 - 8) 9 (6 - 14)
Tennessee 170 (138 - 207) 24 (18 - 30) 47 (36 - 61) 99 (73 - 133)
Texas 676 (605 - 756) 118 (101 - 138) 216 (190 - 246) 342 (282 - 414)
Utah 75 (62 - 90) 11 (9 - 15) 28 (22 - 36) 35 (25 - 47)
Vermont 20 (17 - 24) 3 (3 - 4) 7 (5 - 8) 10 (7 - 14)
Virginia 201 (165 - 244) 29 (22 - 38) 61 (48 - 77) 110 (81 - 151)
Washington 201 (166 - 242) 29 (23 - 37) 60 (47 - 76) 112 (83 - 150)
West Virginia 60 (50 - 72) 8 (7 - 11) 20 (16 - 25) 32 (23 - 43)
Wisconsin 172 (142 - 206) 27 (21 - 35) 60 (48 - 75) 85 (62 - 116)
Wyoming 16 (13 - 19) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (6 - 12)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  7. Cocaine Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 5,784   425   2,116   3,243  
Alabama 80 (61 - 105) 6 (4 - 9) 28 (22 - 37) 46 (31 - 68)
Alaska 13 (10 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 8) 5 (3 - 9)
Arizona 150 (115 - 195) 14 (9 - 21) 54 (42 - 69) 83 (56 - 122)
Arkansas 43 (33 - 56) 4 (2 - 5) 17 (13 - 22) 23 (15 - 34)
California 735 (629 - 859) 52 (40 - 67) 267 (229 - 310) 417 (326 - 532)
Colorado 127 (100 - 162) 8 (5 - 11) 45 (36 - 57) 75 (52 - 106)
Connecticut 65 (50 - 84) 5 (4 - 8) 27 (21 - 35) 32 (21 - 49)
Delaware 17 (14 - 22) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 8) 10 (7 - 14)
District of Columbia 14 (10 - 19) 0 (0 - 0) 3 (2 - 4) 11 (7 - 16)
Florida 360 (308 - 422) 22 (17 - 29) 120 (103 - 140) 217 (172 - 274)
Georgia 156 (117 - 206) 11 (7 - 16) 43 (31 - 58) 102 (70 - 149)
Hawaii 17 (13 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 10 (6 - 15)
Idaho 20 (15 - 26) 2 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 11) 9 (6 - 14)
Illinois 253 (214 - 298) 16 (12 - 20) 87 (74 - 101) 150 (117 - 193)
Indiana 121 (94 - 154) 10 (6 - 14) 48 (36 - 62) 64 (44 - 93)
Iowa 54 (42 - 70) 4 (3 - 6) 22 (17 - 29) 28 (19 - 42)
Kansas 45 (34 - 60) 4 (2 - 6) 20 (15 - 27) 22 (14 - 33)
Kentucky 84 (65 - 108) 6 (4 - 8) 30 (24 - 39) 48 (33 - 69)
Louisiana 90 (69 - 117) 6 (4 - 8) 31 (24 - 40) 53 (36 - 78)
Maine 29 (23 - 36) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (10 - 16) 14 (9 - 20)
Maryland 100 (75 - 135) 6 (4 - 9) 32 (24 - 42) 63 (42 - 94)
Massachusetts 148 (117 - 188) 9 (6 - 13) 57 (44 - 73) 82 (58 - 117)
Michigan 209 (178 - 246) 14 (11 - 18) 70 (60 - 81) 125 (98 - 160)
Minnesota 91 (71 - 117) 8 (6 - 12) 38 (29 - 49) 46 (31 - 68)
Mississippi 47 (35 - 63) 3 (2 - 5) 15 (11 - 21) 28 (18 - 43)
Missouri 123 (96 - 156) 10 (7 - 14) 48 (38 - 60) 65 (45 - 95)
Montana 18 (14 - 23) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (5 - 9) 9 (6 - 13)
Nebraska 30 (22 - 39) 2 (2 - 4) 13 (10 - 17) 14 (9 - 22)
Nevada 36 (27 - 48) 3 (2 - 5) 14 (10 - 18) 20 (13 - 30)
New Hampshire 31 (24 - 39) 2 (2 - 3) 13 (10 - 16) 16 (11 - 23)
New Jersey 144 (108 - 192) 11 (7 - 16) 48 (36 - 64) 86 (57 - 129)
New Mexico 48 (38 - 62) 5 (3 - 7) 21 (17 - 27) 22 (15 - 33)
New York 403 (341 - 476) 22 (16 - 29) 156 (134 - 181) 225 (172 - 295)
North Carolina 135 (102 - 178) 9 (6 - 13) 44 (32 - 58) 83 (56 - 122)
North Dakota 10 (8 - 13) 1 (1 - 1) 5 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 7)
Ohio 202 (168 - 242) 13 (10 - 18) 75 (64 - 88) 114 (85 - 152)
Oklahoma 59 (46 - 76) 5 (4 - 8) 27 (21 - 35) 27 (18 - 41)
Oregon 66 (51 - 87) 5 (3 - 8) 26 (20 - 34) 35 (23 - 53)
Pennsylvania 273 (234 - 318) 17 (14 - 22) 95 (83 - 110) 160 (127 - 203)
Rhode Island 32 (25 - 41) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (11 - 17) 16 (11 - 24)
South Carolina 83 (64 - 109) 7 (5 - 10) 30 (23 - 40) 46 (31 - 69)
South Dakota 12 (9 - 15) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 8)
Tennessee 103 (78 - 136) 7 (5 - 11) 34 (25 - 46) 62 (42 - 90)
Texas 424 (365 - 493) 50 (39 - 64) 158 (135 - 185) 216 (167 - 279)
Utah 39 (29 - 53) 3 (2 - 5) 18 (13 - 24) 18 (11 - 30)
Vermont 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 7 (4 - 10)
Virginia 142 (107 - 189) 8 (5 - 13) 45 (34 - 60) 89 (60 - 131)
Washington 115 (88 - 148) 10 (6 - 14) 52 (40 - 67) 53 (35 - 81)
West Virginia 39 (31 - 48) 3 (2 - 4) 17 (13 - 21) 19 (13 - 27)
Wisconsin 123 (96 - 156) 11 (7 - 15) 46 (36 - 58) 66 (46 - 96)
Wyoming 10 (8 - 12) 1 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  8. Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 11,463   1,891   3,819   5,753  
Alabama 193 (161 - 233) 33 (26 - 41) 69 (58 - 83) 91 (67 - 125)
Alaska 29 (24 - 35) 6 (5 - 7) 9 (7 - 11) 14 (10 - 19)
Arizona 243 (198 - 297) 42 (33 - 53) 75 (61 - 92) 125 (91 - 172)
Arkansas 124 (104 - 148) 25 (20 - 30) 44 (37 - 53) 55 (40 - 76)
California 1,486 (1,319 - 1,675) 247 (216 - 282) 443 (395 - 496) 796 (651 - 972)
Colorado 232 (189 - 284) 31 (25 - 39) 67 (56 - 81) 134 (98 - 180)
Connecticut 125 (102 - 154) 18 (14 - 22) 42 (34 - 51) 66 (47 - 91)
Delaware 38 (31 - 45) 6 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 15) 20 (15 - 27)
District of Columbia 14 (11 - 20) 1 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 6) 9 (6 - 13)
Florida 687 (610 - 774) 97 (85 - 112) 208 (187 - 232) 381 (314 - 462)
Georgia 385 (312 - 473) 63 (50 - 78) 110 (89 - 135) 212 (155 - 289)
Hawaii 32 (24 - 41) 5 (4 - 7) 10 (8 - 13) 17 (11 - 25)
Idaho 59 (49 - 71) 10 (8 - 13) 21 (17 - 25) 28 (20 - 38)
Illinois 422 (376 - 475) 67 (58 - 78) 153 (136 - 171) 202 (165 - 248)
Indiana 277 (232 - 328) 45 (36 - 57) 102 (85 - 122) 129 (96 - 173)
Iowa 90 (71 - 114) 14 (11 - 19) 35 (28 - 44) 40 (27 - 60)
Kansas 94 (76 - 116) 16 (12 - 20) 34 (27 - 42) 45 (31 - 63)
Kentucky 215 (181 - 255) 37 (30 - 45) 72 (60 - 84) 107 (80 - 142)
Louisiana 187 (158 - 222) 32 (26 - 40) 72 (60 - 85) 83 (62 - 112)
Maine 56 (46 - 68) 10 (8 - 12) 19 (16 - 23) 27 (20 - 38)
Maryland 157 (125 - 199) 27 (20 - 35) 53 (42 - 67) 77 (53 - 112)
Massachusetts 272 (226 - 327) 41 (32 - 52) 93 (77 - 112) 138 (102 - 186)
Michigan 431 (386 - 481) 86 (77 - 97) 139 (126 - 154) 205 (167 - 253)
Minnesota 167 (134 - 208) 25 (19 - 32) 55 (43 - 69) 88 (62 - 124)
Mississippi 90 (74 - 110) 20 (15 - 25) 33 (27 - 40) 38 (27 - 54)
Missouri 257 (216 - 305) 42 (34 - 52) 86 (72 - 103) 128 (97 - 170)
Montana 38 (32 - 46) 7 (6 - 9) 13 (11 - 16) 18 (13 - 25)
Nebraska 49 (38 - 62) 9 (7 - 12) 19 (15 - 24) 21 (14 - 32)
Nevada 103 (84 - 127) 17 (13 - 22) 28 (23 - 35) 58 (42 - 79)
New Hampshire 58 (48 - 69) 9 (7 - 11) 20 (17 - 24) 28 (21 - 38)
New Jersey 283 (228 - 351) 45 (35 - 58) 91 (73 - 112) 147 (106 - 204)
New Mexico 85 (69 - 103) 15 (12 - 19) 26 (21 - 32) 43 (31 - 60)
New York 656 (582 - 740) 97 (83 - 113) 229 (204 - 257) 330 (269 - 405)
North Carolina 302 (244 - 372) 53 (42 - 67) 94 (76 - 116) 155 (110 - 217)
North Dakota 21 (17 - 26) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 10 (7 - 15)
Ohio 454 (409 - 504) 73 (64 - 84) 164 (148 - 181) 217 (180 - 262)
Oklahoma 163 (135 - 197) 30 (24 - 37) 60 (49 - 72) 74 (53 - 102)
Oregon 166 (138 - 199) 29 (24 - 35) 52 (43 - 62) 85 (63 - 115)
Pennsylvania 428 (383 - 479) 69 (60 - 80) 160 (143 - 178) 199 (161 - 245)
Rhode Island 54 (45 - 65) 7 (5 - 8) 20 (16 - 23) 28 (21 - 37)
South Carolina 171 (142 - 206) 29 (23 - 36) 57 (47 - 69) 85 (63 - 115)
South Dakota 22 (17 - 28) 4 (3 - 6) 7 (6 - 9) 10 (6 - 15)
Tennessee 224 (184 - 271) 44 (36 - 55) 70 (56 - 86) 110 (80 - 150)
Texas 808 (725 - 902) 137 (119 - 158) 284 (253 - 319) 387 (319 - 470)
Utah 112 (94 - 132) 16 (13 - 21) 50 (42 - 60) 45 (33 - 61)
Vermont 26 (22 - 32) 4 (4 - 5) 9 (8 - 11) 13 (9 - 17)
Virginia 250 (206 - 303) 46 (36 - 58) 86 (71 - 104) 118 (84 - 163)
Washington 309 (255 - 373) 50 (41 - 61) 96 (80 - 116) 163 (120 - 221)
West Virginia 80 (67 - 96) 12 (10 - 15) 29 (24 - 34) 40 (30 - 54)
Wisconsin 215 (176 - 260) 33 (26 - 42) 79 (65 - 96) 102 (74 - 141)
Wyoming 22 (18 - 26) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (6 - 9) 10 (8 - 14)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  9. Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 119,961   4,431   19,470   96,060  
Alabama 1,457 (1,334 - 1,584) 60 (51 - 70) 260 (240 - 280) 1,137 (1,021 - 1,257)
Alaska 251 (233 - 269) 11 (9 - 13) 40 (37 - 43) 200 (183 - 216)
Arizona 2,261 (2,107 - 2,415) 94 (81 - 109) 359 (333 - 384) 1,807 (1,663 - 1,950)
Arkansas 912 (839 - 987) 41 (35 - 48) 172 (160 - 184) 699 (631 - 770)
California 14,594 (14,079 - 15,106) 540 (494 - 588) 2,206 (2,122 - 2,289) 11,848 (11,355 - 12,337)
Colorado 2,185 (2,064 - 2,305) 84 (73 - 96) 348 (329 - 365) 1,754 (1,638 - 1,865)
Connecticut 1,750 (1,645 - 1,851) 62 (53 - 71) 248 (236 - 259) 1,440 (1,339 - 1,537)
Delaware 345 (322 - 367) 11 (10 - 13) 59 (55 - 62) 275 (253 - 296)
District of Columbia 265 (249 - 281) 4 (3 - 5) 46 (43 - 48) 215 (200 - 230)
Florida 7,301 (7,043 - 7,557) 236 (217 - 257) 979 (943 - 1,013) 6,086 (5,837 - 6,334)
Georgia 3,188 (2,976 - 3,402) 119 (101 - 139) 523 (485 - 561) 2,546 (2,348 - 2,745)
Hawaii 495 (460 - 531) 17 (14 - 19) 73 (68 - 78) 405 (371 - 439)
Idaho 531 (498 - 565) 22 (19 - 26) 95 (88 - 101) 414 (383 - 446)
Illinois 5,501 (5,318 - 5,682) 191 (175 - 208) 920 (892 - 947) 4,390 (4,214 - 4,563)
Indiana 2,403 (2,245 - 2,563) 89 (76 - 103) 436 (408 - 463) 1,878 (1,730 - 2,027)
Iowa 1,328 (1,247 - 1,410) 48 (41 - 55) 252 (239 - 265) 1,028 (951 - 1,104)
Kansas 1,077 (999 - 1,154) 46 (40 - 54) 214 (201 - 227) 816 (744 - 889)
Kentucky 1,380 (1,273 - 1,489) 66 (57 - 76) 260 (243 - 276) 1,054 (953 - 1,159)
Louisiana 1,674 (1,562 - 1,787) 74 (64 - 85) 324 (305 - 342) 1,276 (1,169 - 1,383)
Maine 557 (518 - 595) 19 (16 - 22) 86 (81 - 90) 452 (415 - 488)
Maryland 2,344 (2,180 - 2,509) 79 (67 - 92) 356 (334 - 377) 1,909 (1,752 - 2,065)
Massachusetts 3,280 (3,109 - 3,448) 112 (97 - 128) 478 (452 - 502) 2,690 (2,526 - 2,847)
Michigan 4,384 (4,235 - 4,532) 164 (151 - 178) 733 (712 - 753) 3,487 (3,345 - 3,628)
Minnesota 2,425 (2,289 - 2,562) 82 (71 - 95) 406 (383 - 427) 1,938 (1,808 - 2,063)
Mississippi 855 (783 - 929) 35 (30 - 42) 177 (164 - 190) 643 (576 - 713)
Missouri 2,350 (2,203 - 2,497) 99 (86 - 114) 410 (387 - 433) 1,841 (1,702 - 1,979)
Montana 434 (406 - 460) 18 (16 - 21) 76 (73 - 80) 339 (313 - 364)
Nebraska 789 (742 - 836) 30 (26 - 35) 149 (141 - 156) 611 (565 - 655)
Nevada 873 (807 - 939) 33 (28 - 39) 129 (119 - 138) 711 (648 - 773)
New Hampshire 655 (621 - 688) 25 (21 - 28) 99 (94 - 103) 532 (499 - 563)
New Jersey 3,806 (3,550 - 4,058) 138 (118 - 161) 521 (488 - 552) 3,147 (2,902 - 3,386)
New Mexico 726 (676 - 777) 36 (31 - 41) 130 (121 - 139) 560 (513 - 608)
New York 8,522 (8,219 - 8,822) 299 (274 - 325) 1,313 (1,270 - 1,356) 6,910 (6,619 - 7,198)
North Carolina 2,801 (2,576 - 3,032) 105 (90 - 122) 482 (447 - 517) 2,214 (2,001 - 2,433)
North Dakota 313 (297 - 329) 12 (11 - 14) 63 (60 - 65) 238 (222 - 253)
Ohio 4,865 (4,699 - 5,029) 170 (156 - 184) 795 (770 - 819) 3,901 (3,743 - 4,057)
Oklahoma 1,217 (1,126 - 1,309) 52 (44 - 60) 246 (228 - 263) 919 (835 - 1,006)
Oregon 1,631 (1,531 - 1,729) 56 (48 - 64) 262 (248 - 275) 1,313 (1,218 - 1,406)
Pennsylvania 5,418 (5,233 - 5,601) 184 (169 - 199) 856 (828 - 883) 4,379 (4,202 - 4,554)
Rhode Island 548 (517 - 579) 18 (15 - 21) 94 (89 - 98) 437 (407 - 465)
South Carolina 1,493 (1,384 - 1,602) 51 (44 - 60) 273 (254 - 291) 1,168 (1,066 - 1,272)
South Dakota 359 (338 - 379) 16 (14 - 18) 67 (64 - 71) 276 (256 - 294)
Tennessee 1,828 (1,681 - 1,978) 67 (56 - 79) 322 (296 - 349) 1,438 (1,300 - 1,582)
Texas 8,235 (7,940 - 8,530) 340 (311 - 372) 1,430 (1,375 - 1,484) 6,465 (6,184 - 6,745)
Utah 537 (482 - 596) 26 (20 - 33) 124 (110 - 139) 387 (336 - 442)
Vermont 309 (292 - 326) 11 (9 - 12) 50 (48 - 53) 248 (232 - 264)
Virginia 3,009 (2,809 - 3,208) 97 (83 - 114) 487 (458 - 515) 2,425 (2,233 - 2,616)
Washington 2,882 (2,713 - 3,050) 95 (82 - 110) 418 (392 - 444) 2,368 (2,205 - 2,525)
West Virginia 565 (516 - 615) 22 (18 - 26) 106 (99 - 114) 437 (391 - 485)
Wisconsin 2,837 (2,691 - 2,981) 117 (103 - 133) 478 (455 - 498) 2,243 (2,102 - 2,376)
Wyoming 216 (202 - 230) 8 (7 - 9) 41 (38 - 43) 167 (154 - 180)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  10. Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 54,250   2,726   13,230   38,294  
Alabama 711 (631 - 800) 36 (30 - 44) 174 (157 - 192) 500 (427 - 583)
Alaska 110 (97 - 123) 8 (6 - 9) 27 (24 - 30) 74 (64 - 87)
Arizona 1,095 (982 - 1,215) 62 (52 - 75) 268 (242 - 294) 765 (664 - 876)
Arkansas 464 (414 - 518) 26 (21 - 31) 121 (110 - 133) 317 (272 - 367)
California 5,941 (5,581 - 6,318) 330 (292 - 371) 1,394 (1,313 - 1,476) 4,217 (3,881 - 4,576)
Colorado 919 (829 - 1,015) 46 (38 - 55) 230 (210 - 250) 643 (562 - 733)
Connecticut 701 (625 - 784) 37 (30 - 44) 163 (150 - 177) 501 (431 - 579)
Delaware 155 (139 - 172) 7 (5 - 8) 40 (37 - 44) 108 (94 - 124)
District of Columbia 118 (105 - 131) 2 (1 - 2) 26 (23 - 29) 90 (78 - 102)
Florida 3,030 (2,849 - 3,220) 129 (114 - 145) 646 (613 - 680) 2,254 (2,082 - 2,438)
Georgia 1,505 (1,341 - 1,684) 67 (55 - 82) 335 (299 - 374) 1,103 (955 - 1,268)
Hawaii 232 (206 - 259) 11 (9 - 13) 54 (49 - 59) 167 (143 - 193)
Idaho 237 (213 - 263) 15 (12 - 18) 67 (61 - 74) 155 (134 - 179)
Illinois 2,693 (2,557 - 2,834) 118 (106 - 132) 675 (645 - 705) 1,900 (1,771 - 2,036)
Indiana 1,102 (991 - 1,219) 56 (47 - 67) 309 (282 - 337) 736 (638 - 846)
Iowa 699 (637 - 764) 34 (29 - 40) 193 (179 - 207) 472 (416 - 532)
Kansas 539 (487 - 595) 32 (26 - 38) 156 (143 - 170) 352 (305 - 403)
Kentucky 686 (610 - 767) 40 (33 - 47) 183 (167 - 200) 463 (395 - 540)
Louisiana 892 (809 - 980) 44 (37 - 53) 214 (195 - 233) 633 (557 - 716)
Maine 240 (215 - 268) 12 (10 - 15) 59 (54 - 64) 169 (146 - 196)
Maryland 891 (787 - 1,008) 45 (37 - 55) 209 (187 - 232) 636 (541 - 744)
Massachusetts 1,528 (1,392 - 1,671) 73 (61 - 86) 359 (332 - 385) 1,097 (971 - 1,232)
Michigan 2,040 (1,929 - 2,157) 101 (91 - 112) 500 (478 - 521) 1,440 (1,333 - 1,552)
Minnesota 1,098 (993 - 1,208) 56 (48 - 66) 280 (255 - 304) 762 (669 - 864)
Mississippi 464 (414 - 518) 21 (17 - 26) 118 (106 - 130) 325 (281 - 376)
Missouri 1,185 (1,073 - 1,305) 67 (57 - 79) 290 (266 - 315) 828 (726 - 939)
Montana 215 (195 - 236) 14 (12 - 16) 56 (52 - 60) 145 (126 - 165)
Nebraska 377 (343 - 414) 21 (17 - 25) 107 (99 - 115) 250 (218 - 284)
Nevada 396 (352 - 446) 22 (18 - 26) 82 (74 - 91) 293 (251 - 339)
New Hampshire 277 (251 - 304) 16 (13 - 19) 67 (62 - 73) 194 (170 - 219)
New Jersey 1,467 (1,296 - 1,656) 79 (64 - 97) 338 (305 - 372) 1,050 (893 - 1,228)
New Mexico 353 (317 - 392) 25 (21 - 29) 91 (83 - 99) 237 (205 - 273)
New York 3,735 (3,521 - 3,959) 171 (152 - 191) 879 (838 - 921) 2,684 (2,480 - 2,900)
North Carolina 1,319 (1,167 - 1,485) 65 (53 - 79) 319 (287 - 354) 935 (798 - 1,090)
North Dakota 168 (154 - 182) 8 (7 - 10) 47 (44 - 50) 112 (100 - 125)
Ohio 2,233 (2,107 - 2,364) 110 (99 - 121) 548 (522 - 574) 1,576 (1,457 - 1,701)
Oklahoma 591 (527 - 660) 37 (31 - 44) 168 (151 - 186) 386 (330 - 449)
Oregon 599 (533 - 672) 36 (31 - 43) 163 (148 - 178) 400 (340 - 469)
Pennsylvania 2,558 (2,422 - 2,700) 115 (104 - 128) 621 (594 - 649) 1,822 (1,692 - 1,959)
Rhode Island 251 (227 - 276) 11 (9 - 14) 68 (62 - 73) 172 (150 - 196)
South Carolina 724 (648 - 807) 32 (26 - 39) 181 (164 - 200) 511 (442 - 588)
South Dakota 179 (162 - 196) 11 (9 - 13) 52 (48 - 55) 116 (101 - 132)
Tennessee 739 (642 - 846) 39 (31 - 48) 185 (161 - 211) 516 (431 - 614)
Texas 4,147 (3,917 - 4,386) 194 (172 - 219) 971 (922 - 1,022) 2,982 (2,766 - 3,209)
Utah 276 (241 - 315) 19 (15 - 24) 90 (78 - 102) 168 (138 - 203)
Vermont 126 (114 - 139) 7 (6 - 8) 34 (31 - 37) 85 (74 - 97)
Virginia 1,327 (1,184 - 1,483) 61 (50 - 74) 342 (313 - 371) 925 (793 - 1,072)
Washington 1,096 (981 - 1,221) 63 (53 - 75) 276 (249 - 304) 757 (653 - 873)
West Virginia 297 (265 - 331) 16 (13 - 19) 79 (72 - 86) 203 (174 - 235)
Wisconsin 1,416 (1,287 - 1,550) 74 (63 - 87) 343 (317 - 368) 998 (880 - 1,126)
Wyoming 107 (97 - 118) 6 (5 - 7) 30 (28 - 33) 71 (62 - 82)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  11. Perceptions of Great Risk of Having Five or More Drinks of an Alcoholic Beverage Once or Twice a Week, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 98,753   9,605   10,141   79,006  
Alabama 1,737 (1,614 - 1,860) 166 (152 - 179) 199 (180 - 218) 1,372 (1,255 - 1,490)
Alaska 209 (192 - 227) 26 (23 - 29) 22 (19 - 25) 162 (146 - 178)
Arizona 1,900 (1,758 - 2,046) 181 (163 - 200) 197 (174 - 221) 1,522 (1,389 - 1,657)
Arkansas 986 (914 - 1,059) 90 (82 - 99) 96 (86 - 108) 799 (730 - 869)
California 12,726 (12,242 - 13,213) 1,252 (1,185 - 1,321) 1,444 (1,365 - 1,524) 10,030 (9,563 - 10,500)
Colorado 1,351 (1,239 - 1,468) 130 (116 - 144) 133 (118 - 150) 1,088 (982 - 1,198)
Connecticut 1,089 (998 - 1,182) 108 (97 - 118) 93 (82 - 105) 888 (800 - 979)
Delaware 268 (247 - 289) 25 (23 - 28) 27 (24 - 30) 215 (196 - 236)
District of Columbia 210 (194 - 227) 14 (13 - 16) 25 (22 - 28) 171 (156 - 187)
Florida 6,397 (6,153 - 6,641) 549 (521 - 577) 598 (565 - 632) 5,251 (5,012 - 5,491)
Georgia 3,220 (3,003 - 3,440) 328 (301 - 355) 371 (337 - 408) 2,521 (2,314 - 2,730)
Hawaii 379 (346 - 413) 39 (35 - 43) 37 (33 - 42) 303 (272 - 335)
Idaho 433 (403 - 465) 48 (44 - 53) 51 (46 - 57) 334 (305 - 363)
Illinois 4,012 (3,846 - 4,180) 406 (386 - 428) 444 (418 - 471) 3,161 (3,001 - 3,325)
Indiana 2,057 (1,912 - 2,208) 207 (189 - 226) 214 (192 - 238) 1,636 (1,498 - 1,776)
Iowa 830 (757 - 908) 79 (71 - 87) 86 (75 - 99) 665 (595 - 738)
Kansas 888 (820 - 958) 93 (84 - 103) 87 (77 - 99) 708 (644 - 773)
Kentucky 1,362 (1,258 - 1,469) 126 (114 - 138) 150 (136 - 166) 1,086 (987 - 1,188)
Louisiana 1,500 (1,396 - 1,607) 155 (142 - 169) 188 (171 - 206) 1,157 (1,059 - 1,257)
Maine 415 (379 - 452) 35 (32 - 39) 34 (30 - 38) 346 (312 - 381)
Maryland 2,002 (1,849 - 2,156) 199 (182 - 217) 193 (173 - 214) 1,610 (1,466 - 1,757)
Massachusetts 1,796 (1,639 - 1,959) 161 (143 - 180) 159 (137 - 183) 1,476 (1,328 - 1,632)
Michigan 3,129 (2,989 - 3,271) 327 (310 - 344) 316 (297 - 335) 2,487 (2,350 - 2,626)
Minnesota 1,535 (1,405 - 1,671) 151 (137 - 166) 151 (132 - 171) 1,233 (1,111 - 1,361)
Mississippi 1,144 (1,071 - 1,217) 116 (106 - 126) 146 (134 - 159) 882 (813 - 950)
Missouri 1,796 (1,661 - 1,935) 177 (161 - 194) 173 (154 - 194) 1,445 (1,317 - 1,577)
Montana 275 (251 - 299) 25 (22 - 28) 26 (23 - 29) 224 (201 - 247)
Nebraska 501 (459 - 545) 53 (47 - 58) 47 (41 - 54) 402 (362 - 443)
Nevada 772 (713 - 833) 75 (68 - 82) 84 (75 - 93) 614 (557 - 671)
New Hampshire 351 (320 - 385) 33 (30 - 37) 26 (22 - 30) 292 (261 - 324)
New Jersey 3,205 (2,980 - 3,433) 289 (262 - 316) 259 (229 - 292) 2,658 (2,443 - 2,874)
New Mexico 701 (652 - 752) 68 (62 - 75) 78 (70 - 86) 555 (509 - 602)
New York 6,675 (6,390 - 6,962) 610 (578 - 642) 623 (580 - 666) 5,443 (5,170 - 5,720)
North Carolina 3,102 (2,882 - 3,326) 274 (249 - 300) 289 (259 - 321) 2,539 (2,330 - 2,749)
North Dakota 174 (159 - 189) 18 (16 - 20) 19 (16 - 22) 137 (123 - 152)
Ohio 3,621 (3,470 - 3,773) 367 (348 - 386) 363 (342 - 385) 2,891 (2,744 - 3,040)
Oklahoma 1,200 (1,109 - 1,293) 114 (104 - 125) 122 (107 - 138) 963 (878 - 1,049)
Oregon 1,198 (1,105 - 1,292) 109 (99 - 119) 109 (97 - 121) 980 (892 - 1,070)
Pennsylvania 3,754 (3,586 - 3,925) 380 (360 - 401) 331 (310 - 354) 3,042 (2,880 - 3,208)
Rhode Island 327 (298 - 357) 32 (29 - 35) 35 (31 - 40) 259 (232 - 288)
South Carolina 1,459 (1,354 - 1,566) 149 (137 - 162) 145 (130 - 162) 1,164 (1,064 - 1,266)
South Dakota 216 (198 - 235) 23 (20 - 25) 22 (19 - 25) 171 (154 - 189)
Tennessee 2,230 (2,083 - 2,380) 205 (187 - 223) 232 (208 - 257) 1,793 (1,653 - 1,934)
Texas 7,784 (7,494 - 8,077) 826 (784 - 868) 912 (863 - 963) 6,046 (5,768 - 6,327)
Utah 860 (805 - 917) 107 (98 - 116) 135 (122 - 149) 618 (567 - 670)
Vermont 185 (169 - 201) 16 (14 - 18) 16 (14 - 18) 153 (138 - 169)
Virginia 2,567 (2,377 - 2,759) 253 (231 - 276) 232 (207 - 258) 2,082 (1,900 - 2,267)
Washington 1,944 (1,782 - 2,113) 178 (161 - 196) 182 (160 - 206) 1,584 (1,430 - 1,742)
West Virginia 610 (562 - 659) 47 (43 - 52) 61 (55 - 69) 501 (455 - 548)
Wisconsin 1,524 (1,383 - 1,673) 152 (137 - 169) 144 (125 - 164) 1,228 (1,095 - 1,367)
Wyoming 146 (134 - 159) 14 (13 - 16) 13 (11 - 15) 119 (107 - 131)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51031

Table  12. Alcohol Use and Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 20, by State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Alcohol Use in Past Month Binge Alcohol Use in Past Month
Estimate 95% Prediction Interval Estimate 95% Prediction Interval
Total 10,857   7,293  
Alabama 160 (144 - 176) 106 (93 - 120)
Alaska 26 (23 - 28) 19 (16 - 21)
Arizona 193 (173 - 213) 138 (121 - 156)
Arkansas 92 (83 - 102) 64 (56 - 72)
California 1,273 (1,198 - 1,351) 818 (758 - 883)
Colorado 194 (178 - 212) 120 (107 - 134)
Connecticut 149 (138 - 161) 98 (87 - 109)
Delaware 32 (29 - 35) 21 (18 - 23)
District of Columbia 17 (15 - 19) 9 (8 - 11)
Florida 559 (529 - 590) 358 (332 - 384)
Georgia 265 (238 - 294) 168 (147 - 192)
Hawaii 40 (36 - 45) 29 (26 - 33)
Idaho 56 (50 - 61) 40 (35 - 45)
Illinois 498 (473 - 523) 355 (334 - 378)
Indiana 218 (196 - 240) 151 (133 - 171)
Iowa 137 (126 - 148) 107 (97 - 117)
Kansas 119 (108 - 130) 89 (80 - 99)
Kentucky 154 (140 - 169) 101 (90 - 114)
Louisiana 190 (173 - 207) 118 (105 - 133)
Maine 47 (43 - 52) 33 (30 - 38)
Maryland 189 (171 - 208) 113 (99 - 129)
Massachusetts 257 (235 - 279) 181 (162 - 201)
Michigan 412 (393 - 432) 280 (263 - 297)
Minnesota 217 (199 - 235) 156 (140 - 172)
Mississippi 88 (78 - 98) 59 (52 - 68)
Missouri 247 (226 - 268) 171 (153 - 190)
Montana 48 (44 - 51) 36 (33 - 40)
Nebraska 76 (70 - 83) 53 (48 - 59)
Nevada 66 (58 - 73) 44 (38 - 51)
New Hampshire 66 (61 - 70) 46 (42 - 51)
New Jersey 287 (259 - 317) 178 (156 - 204)
New Mexico 83 (75 - 90) 58 (51 - 64)
New York 766 (727 - 807) 507 (473 - 542)
North Carolina 261 (235 - 289) 165 (144 - 189)
North Dakota 39 (36 - 42) 30 (27 - 32)
Ohio 443 (422 - 465) 311 (292 - 331)
Oklahoma 138 (125 - 152) 99 (87 - 111)
Oregon 134 (123 - 147) 90 (80 - 101)
Pennsylvania 486 (463 - 511) 342 (321 - 363)
Rhode Island 51 (47 - 55) 36 (33 - 40)
South Carolina 122 (109 - 135) 80 (70 - 91)
South Dakota 41 (38 - 44) 31 (28 - 34)
Tennessee 158 (140 - 177) 93 (79 - 109)
Texas 790 (743 - 839) 505 (467 - 546)
Utah 67 (56 - 78) 52 (44 - 61)
Vermont 26 (24 - 29) 19 (17 - 21)
Virginia 270 (245 - 295) 188 (167 - 210)
Washington 262 (239 - 286) 180 (160 - 201)
West Virginia 60 (54 - 66) 44 (39 - 50)
Wisconsin 269 (249 - 290) 187 (169 - 205)
Wyoming 23 (21 - 25) 17 (15 - 19)
NOTE: Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  13. Any Tobacco Product Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 70,495   3,622   14,280   52,592  
Alabama 1,299 (1,194 - 1,408) 67 (57 - 78) 238 (220 - 257) 994 (894 - 1,099)
Alaska 150 (136 - 166) 11 (9 - 13) 33 (30 - 36) 106 (93 - 121)
Arizona 1,282 (1,157 - 1,415) 73 (60 - 88) 240 (215 - 267) 969 (851 - 1,096)
Arkansas 814 (748 - 883) 41 (35 - 47) 162 (150 - 174) 612 (549 - 677)
California 5,967 (5,597 - 6,355) 349 (308 - 395) 1,380 (1,301 - 1,462) 4,238 (3,886 - 4,614)
Colorado 1,144 (1,044 - 1,247) 67 (57 - 80) 249 (229 - 268) 828 (736 - 926)
Connecticut 781 (701 - 867) 49 (42 - 58) 155 (142 - 168) 577 (501 - 660)
Delaware 194 (176 - 213) 10 (9 - 12) 41 (37 - 44) 143 (126 - 161)
District of Columbia 134 (121 - 149) 3 (2 - 4) 25 (22 - 28) 106 (94 - 120)
Florida 4,032 (3,820 - 4,252) 170 (152 - 189) 688 (656 - 721) 3,174 (2,969 - 3,387)
Georgia 2,154 (1,975 - 2,341) 113 (94 - 135) 406 (369 - 445) 1,634 (1,469 - 1,809)
Hawaii 231 (206 - 259) 12 (10 - 15) 47 (42 - 52) 172 (148 - 198)
Idaho 299 (272 - 328) 19 (16 - 22) 74 (68 - 81) 206 (181 - 234)
Illinois 3,253 (3,102 - 3,408) 145 (131 - 161) 671 (643 - 700) 2,436 (2,293 - 2,584)
Indiana 1,640 (1,503 - 1,782) 79 (66 - 95) 343 (317 - 369) 1,218 (1,091 - 1,353)
Iowa 778 (710 - 849) 36 (30 - 43) 179 (165 - 193) 563 (499 - 630)
Kansas 742 (678 - 808) 41 (35 - 48) 162 (149 - 175) 539 (479 - 601)
Kentucky 1,328 (1,226 - 1,431) 82 (71 - 94) 254 (237 - 271) 992 (894 - 1,093)
Louisiana 1,186 (1,091 - 1,285) 60 (50 - 71) 247 (228 - 266) 880 (791 - 974)
Maine 358 (326 - 392) 17 (14 - 20) 69 (64 - 74) 273 (242 - 305)
Maryland 1,213 (1,094 - 1,344) 59 (49 - 71) 233 (211 - 255) 921 (807 - 1,046)
Massachusetts 1,403 (1,266 - 1,548) 70 (58 - 85) 308 (283 - 333) 1,025 (896 - 1,165)
Michigan 2,688 (2,559 - 2,819) 140 (128 - 153) 539 (517 - 561) 2,009 (1,885 - 2,136)
Minnesota 1,273 (1,164 - 1,385) 71 (60 - 84) 295 (272 - 318) 907 (807 - 1,014)
Mississippi 788 (724 - 852) 39 (33 - 47) 168 (155 - 181) 580 (521 - 642)
Missouri 1,701 (1,569 - 1,838) 100 (86 - 115) 327 (303 - 350) 1,275 (1,148 - 1,407)
Montana 263 (240 - 286) 17 (14 - 20) 57 (53 - 60) 189 (168 - 212)
Nebraska 418 (377 - 461) 24 (20 - 29) 101 (92 - 109) 293 (255 - 334)
Nevada 564 (512 - 619) 26 (21 - 32) 97 (88 - 106) 441 (392 - 495)
New Hampshire 324 (297 - 353) 18 (15 - 21) 65 (60 - 70) 242 (216 - 269)
New Jersey 1,789 (1,604 - 1,988) 103 (85 - 124) 346 (314 - 379) 1,340 (1,165 - 1,532)
New Mexico 441 (400 - 484) 29 (25 - 35) 97 (88 - 105) 315 (277 - 357)
New York 4,456 (4,218 - 4,703) 196 (176 - 219) 881 (839 - 923) 3,379 (3,148 - 3,620)
North Carolina 2,347 (2,149 - 2,554) 121 (103 - 141) 426 (393 - 460) 1,800 (1,614 - 1,996)
North Dakota 176 (162 - 191) 11 (9 - 13) 41 (38 - 44) 124 (111 - 138)
Ohio 3,279 (3,127 - 3,434) 166 (152 - 180) 627 (603 - 651) 2,486 (2,340 - 2,637)
Oklahoma 1,023 (943 - 1,105) 55 (47 - 64) 223 (205 - 241) 745 (671 - 822)
Oregon 863 (784 - 945) 44 (37 - 52) 179 (165 - 193) 640 (567 - 719)
Pennsylvania 3,379 (3,224 - 3,538) 164 (149 - 180) 656 (630 - 683) 2,559 (2,409 - 2,713)
Rhode Island 274 (249 - 301) 14 (11 - 16) 58 (53 - 63) 203 (179 - 228)
South Carolina 1,079 (982 - 1,180) 54 (46 - 63) 224 (206 - 242) 802 (711 - 898)
South Dakota 221 (203 - 239) 15 (12 - 17) 52 (49 - 56) 154 (138 - 172)
Tennessee 1,601 (1,463 - 1,744) 77 (65 - 91) 288 (263 - 314) 1,236 (1,107 - 1,371)
Texas 5,313 (5,059 - 5,573) 264 (238 - 293) 1,081 (1,032 - 1,132) 3,967 (3,726 - 4,216)
Utah 369 (325 - 417) 20 (15 - 26) 92 (80 - 106) 257 (217 - 301)
Vermont 160 (146 - 174) 9 (8 - 11) 37 (34 - 40) 114 (101 - 128)
Virginia 1,789 (1,629 - 1,958) 83 (68 - 99) 362 (334 - 391) 1,344 (1,192 - 1,508)
Washington 1,396 (1,264 - 1,536) 69 (58 - 83) 297 (272 - 323) 1,029 (906 - 1,164)
West Virginia 608 (561 - 656) 27 (23 - 32) 111 (104 - 118) 470 (424 - 517)
Wisconsin 1,392 (1,272 - 1,517) 86 (73 - 100) 316 (292 - 340) 991 (878 - 1,112)
Wyoming 137 (126 - 149) 8 (6 - 9) 32 (29 - 34) 98 (88 - 109)
NOTE: Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  14. Cigarette Use in Past Month, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 60,158   3,021   12,748   44,389  
Alabama 1,030 (930 - 1,139) 51 (43 - 61) 200 (180 - 220) 779 (684 - 883)
Alaska 130 (116 - 145) 9 (7 - 11) 30 (27 - 33) 91 (78 - 105)
Arizona 1,128 (1,009 - 1,257) 60 (48 - 73) 228 (205 - 252) 841 (729 - 964)
Arkansas 674 (611 - 739) 33 (28 - 39) 143 (130 - 155) 498 (439 - 561)
California 5,141 (4,759 - 5,546) 279 (245 - 317) 1,241 (1,164 - 1,321) 3,621 (3,255 - 4,018)
Colorado 985 (888 - 1,089) 51 (42 - 61) 220 (201 - 240) 714 (624 - 812)
Connecticut 683 (605 - 768) 41 (34 - 49) 139 (127 - 151) 503 (427 - 587)
Delaware 169 (152 - 188) 9 (7 - 11) 37 (34 - 41) 123 (107 - 141)
District of Columbia 122 (109 - 137) 2 (2 - 3) 22 (20 - 25) 98 (85 - 112)
Florida 3,436 (3,227 - 3,657) 146 (131 - 164) 590 (557 - 624) 2,700 (2,495 - 2,917)
Georgia 1,816 (1,643 - 2,000) 92 (75 - 111) 346 (310 - 384) 1,378 (1,218 - 1,552)
Hawaii 206 (182 - 233) 9 (7 - 11) 44 (39 - 49) 153 (130 - 180)
Idaho 251 (226 - 278) 15 (12 - 18) 67 (61 - 74) 169 (146 - 194)
Illinois 2,808 (2,659 - 2,962) 121 (108 - 134) 612 (584 - 641) 2,075 (1,932 - 2,225)
Indiana 1,391 (1,264 - 1,525) 69 (58 - 82) 302 (275 - 330) 1,020 (901 - 1,148)
Iowa 668 (605 - 734) 32 (27 - 38) 156 (143 - 170) 479 (420 - 543)
Kansas 618 (560 - 680) 35 (30 - 42) 139 (126 - 152) 444 (389 - 503)
Kentucky 1,133 (1,035 - 1,235) 63 (54 - 73) 221 (203 - 238) 849 (757 - 947)
Louisiana 1,039 (945 - 1,138) 52 (43 - 61) 221 (202 - 241) 767 (679 - 862)
Maine 298 (269 - 328) 15 (13 - 18) 61 (56 - 66) 221 (194 - 250)
Maryland 1,044 (926 - 1,174) 51 (42 - 62) 197 (177 - 219) 795 (682 - 921)
Massachusetts 1,177 (1,046 - 1,321) 55 (45 - 67) 273 (246 - 300) 850 (726 - 988)
Michigan 2,321 (2,194 - 2,451) 121 (110 - 133) 490 (468 - 511) 1,710 (1,589 - 1,838)
Minnesota 1,053 (952 - 1,159) 58 (49 - 69) 275 (251 - 299) 720 (627 - 822)
Mississippi 653 (593 - 715) 32 (27 - 38) 145 (133 - 158) 476 (420 - 536)
Missouri 1,444 (1,317 - 1,578) 84 (72 - 98) 293 (268 - 317) 1,068 (946 - 1,197)
Montana 202 (182 - 224) 12 (10 - 15) 45 (41 - 49) 145 (125 - 166)
Nebraska 345 (309 - 384) 21 (17 - 24) 90 (82 - 99) 234 (201 - 272)
Nevada 494 (441 - 550) 21 (17 - 26) 83 (74 - 92) 390 (340 - 444)
New Hampshire 268 (241 - 298) 15 (12 - 17) 55 (50 - 60) 198 (173 - 227)
New Jersey 1,622 (1,440 - 1,821) 86 (71 - 104) 310 (278 - 344) 1,226 (1,053 - 1,417)
New Mexico 363 (324 - 405) 23 (19 - 28) 82 (74 - 91) 258 (222 - 298)
New York 3,967 (3,716 - 4,229) 174 (155 - 194) 817 (774 - 860) 2,976 (2,733 - 3,233)
North Carolina 1,863 (1,672 - 2,065) 100 (84 - 118) 395 (361 - 431) 1,368 (1,189 - 1,564)
North Dakota 145 (133 - 159) 9 (8 - 10) 36 (33 - 39) 100 (89 - 113)
Ohio 2,767 (2,624 - 2,915) 139 (126 - 153) 555 (529 - 580) 2,073 (1,934 - 2,218)
Oklahoma 879 (800 - 963) 46 (39 - 55) 195 (177 - 213) 638 (563 - 718)
Oregon 730 (654 - 811) 35 (29 - 41) 154 (140 - 169) 541 (470 - 619)
Pennsylvania 2,814 (2,660 - 2,974) 142 (129 - 156) 586 (559 - 613) 2,086 (1,936 - 2,243)
Rhode Island 236 (212 - 263) 11 (9 - 14) 51 (46 - 57) 173 (150 - 199)
South Carolina 919 (829 - 1,014) 43 (36 - 51) 197 (179 - 217) 678 (594 - 770)
South Dakota 189 (172 - 207) 12 (10 - 14) 46 (42 - 50) 131 (115 - 148)
Tennessee 1,360 (1,234 - 1,494) 64 (53 - 75) 245 (220 - 271) 1,052 (932 - 1,180)
Texas 4,605 (4,360 - 4,857) 228 (204 - 254) 977 (927 - 1,027) 3,401 (3,165 - 3,648)
Utah 324 (283 - 368) 16 (12 - 21) 91 (78 - 104) 217 (181 - 260)
Vermont 135 (122 - 148) 8 (6 - 9) 33 (30 - 36) 94 (83 - 107)
Virginia 1,520 (1,370 - 1,681) 74 (61 - 89) 326 (296 - 356) 1,120 (980 - 1,274)
Washington 1,211 (1,083 - 1,348) 56 (46 - 69) 273 (248 - 299) 881 (763 - 1,012)
West Virginia 493 (450 - 539) 23 (20 - 27) 98 (90 - 105) 373 (331 - 417)
Wisconsin 1,179 (1,071 - 1,293) 73 (62 - 86) 290 (265 - 315) 817 (716 - 926)
Wyoming 107 (97 - 118) 6 (5 - 7) 26 (23 - 28) 76 (66 - 86)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  15. Perceptions of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs of Cigarettes Per Day, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 174,152   16,538   21,674   135,941  
Alabama 2,621 (2,516 - 2,720) 243 (230 - 256) 333 (315 - 350) 2,046 (1,944 - 2,140)
Alaska 362 (348 - 375) 47 (45 - 49) 47 (44 - 49) 268 (255 - 281)
Arizona 3,374 (3,249 - 3,490) 326 (307 - 344) 440 (416 - 461) 2,608 (2,489 - 2,716)
Arkansas 1,595 (1,536 - 1,652) 150 (141 - 157) 196 (184 - 207) 1,250 (1,193 - 1,303)
California 22,250 (21,847 - 22,634) 2,147 (2,082 - 2,209) 2,864 (2,787 - 2,938) 17,240 (16,852 - 17,603)
Colorado 2,681 (2,583 - 2,774) 260 (245 - 273) 321 (301 - 340) 2,100 (2,007 - 2,186)
Connecticut 2,115 (2,034 - 2,190) 196 (186 - 206) 230 (217 - 242) 1,689 (1,611 - 1,760)
Delaware 507 (490 - 523) 46 (44 - 48) 62 (59 - 65) 399 (383 - 414)
District of Columbia 361 (348 - 372) 21 (20 - 23) 52 (49 - 55) 287 (275 - 298)
Florida 10,613 (10,401 - 10,816) 921 (896 - 946) 1,195 (1,162 - 1,226) 8,496 (8,290 - 8,693)
Georgia 5,170 (4,998 - 5,331) 521 (495 - 546) 692 (657 - 725) 3,956 (3,793 - 4,107)
Hawaii 730 (699 - 758) 68 (64 - 71) 83 (78 - 88) 578 (549 - 606)
Idaho 812 (785 - 838) 87 (83 - 92) 115 (110 - 121) 609 (583 - 634)
Illinois 7,436 (7,291 - 7,577) 715 (693 - 736) 941 (913 - 969) 5,780 (5,640 - 5,914)
Indiana 3,621 (3,494 - 3,744) 350 (331 - 369) 469 (443 - 493) 2,803 (2,680 - 2,917)
Iowa 1,680 (1,611 - 1,746) 159 (150 - 167) 225 (211 - 238) 1,296 (1,230 - 1,359)
Kansas 1,579 (1,520 - 1,635) 153 (145 - 162) 209 (196 - 221) 1,217 (1,162 - 1,269)
Kentucky 2,182 (2,074 - 2,287) 216 (204 - 227) 260 (244 - 277) 1,706 (1,601 - 1,806)
Louisiana 2,591 (2,501 - 2,676) 253 (239 - 266) 361 (343 - 378) 1,977 (1,892 - 2,056)
Maine 789 (758 - 818) 70 (66 - 74) 87 (82 - 91) 632 (602 - 660)
Maryland 3,404 (3,281 - 3,517) 335 (319 - 351) 383 (361 - 403) 2,686 (2,566 - 2,794)
Massachusetts 4,069 (3,931 - 4,197) 345 (326 - 363) 479 (453 - 503) 3,245 (3,112 - 3,365)
Michigan 5,967 (5,839 - 6,091) 603 (586 - 620) 731 (709 - 751) 4,633 (4,509 - 4,752)
Minnesota 3,021 (2,909 - 3,129) 292 (277 - 306) 365 (343 - 387) 2,364 (2,257 - 2,463)
Mississippi 1,655 (1,595 - 1,713) 164 (154 - 173) 231 (219 - 243) 1,260 (1,203 - 1,314)
Missouri 3,275 (3,149 - 3,394) 310 (293 - 326) 420 (396 - 442) 2,545 (2,424 - 2,658)
Montana 566 (545 - 585) 53 (50 - 56) 73 (69 - 76) 440 (419 - 458)
Nebraska 1,008 (969 - 1,044) 99 (93 - 105) 133 (125 - 140) 776 (739 - 810)
Nevada 1,377 (1,328 - 1,423) 129 (122 - 136) 155 (147 - 164) 1,092 (1,045 - 1,135)
New Hampshire 769 (741 - 796) 72 (68 - 76) 88 (83 - 92) 609 (582 - 635)
New Jersey 5,281 (5,081 - 5,468) 479 (452 - 505) 549 (516 - 580) 4,253 (4,059 - 4,429)
New Mexico 1,143 (1,104 - 1,180) 112 (106 - 118) 150 (142 - 158) 881 (844 - 914)
New York 11,859 (11,623 - 12,084) 1,032 (1,000 - 1,064) 1,436 (1,393 - 1,477) 9,390 (9,164 - 9,605)
North Carolina 4,736 (4,537 - 4,925) 456 (431 - 480) 562 (528 - 595) 3,718 (3,527 - 3,896)
North Dakota 362 (348 - 376) 34 (33 - 36) 54 (51 - 57) 273 (260 - 286)
Ohio 6,615 (6,469 - 6,757) 638 (619 - 656) 804 (780 - 828) 5,173 (5,030 - 5,311)
Oklahoma 1,937 (1,855 - 2,016) 184 (173 - 195) 252 (235 - 268) 1,502 (1,423 - 1,575)
Oregon 2,240 (2,160 - 2,315) 210 (200 - 220) 280 (266 - 293) 1,750 (1,672 - 1,821)
Pennsylvania 7,387 (7,230 - 7,540) 664 (644 - 683) 857 (831 - 882) 5,867 (5,716 - 6,011)
Rhode Island 676 (652 - 698) 60 (57 - 63) 93 (88 - 97) 523 (500 - 544)
South Carolina 2,412 (2,321 - 2,499) 230 (218 - 241) 291 (273 - 308) 1,891 (1,805 - 1,972)
South Dakota 420 (403 - 436) 44 (41 - 46) 56 (52 - 59) 320 (304 - 336)
Tennessee 3,438 (3,310 - 3,562) 316 (299 - 332) 415 (390 - 439) 2,707 (2,584 - 2,822)
Texas 12,869 (12,624 - 13,103) 1,296 (1,255 - 1,337) 1,773 (1,724 - 1,821) 9,799 (9,565 - 10,022)
Utah 1,380 (1,336 - 1,421) 169 (161 - 176) 260 (247 - 272) 951 (911 - 988)
Vermont 381 (368 - 394) 35 (33 - 36) 46 (43 - 48) 301 (288 - 313)
Virginia 4,435 (4,286 - 4,575) 430 (409 - 449) 525 (499 - 550) 3,480 (3,336 - 3,612)
Washington 3,769 (3,641 - 3,890) 359 (342 - 376) 464 (438 - 487) 2,946 (2,822 - 3,060)
West Virginia 1,033 (988 - 1,075) 84 (79 - 89) 116 (109 - 122) 833 (789 - 873)
Wisconsin 3,304 (3,183 - 3,420) 324 (308 - 340) 415 (391 - 437) 2,565 (2,447 - 2,674)
Wyoming 296 (285 - 306) 29 (27 - 30) 39 (36 - 41) 228 (218 - 238)
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  16. Alcohol Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 18,228   1,494   5,535   11,198  
Alabama 222 (183 - 269) 18 (14 - 24) 68 (57 - 81) 135 (103 - 177)
Alaska 38 (32 - 45) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 13) 23 (17 - 29)
Arizona 433 (364 - 513) 37 (29 - 48) 120 (101 - 141) 276 (217 - 349)
Arkansas 149 (124 - 177) 13 (10 - 17) 49 (41 - 59) 86 (66 - 112)
California 2,195 (1,993 - 2,417) 204 (177 - 235) 655 (596 - 719) 1,336 (1,150 - 1,550)
Colorado 348 (297 - 406) 26 (21 - 34) 102 (87 - 118) 220 (176 - 274)
Connecticut 227 (191 - 271) 19 (15 - 24) 69 (59 - 81) 139 (107 - 179)
Delaware 48 (40 - 57) 3 (3 - 4) 16 (13 - 18) 29 (22 - 37)
District of Columbia 45 (37 - 55) 1 (1 - 2) 11 (9 - 14) 33 (26 - 42)
Florida 1,014 (917 - 1,122) 77 (66 - 90) 274 (249 - 301) 662 (574 - 764)
Georgia 429 (352 - 521) 32 (24 - 42) 122 (100 - 148) 275 (210 - 359)
Hawaii 75 (62 - 90) 7 (5 - 9) 22 (18 - 26) 46 (35 - 60)
Idaho 89 (75 - 105) 9 (7 - 12) 28 (23 - 33) 52 (41 - 66)
Illinois 919 (839 - 1,006) 66 (56 - 77) 290 (267 - 314) 563 (491 - 646)
Indiana 382 (323 - 449) 31 (24 - 40) 128 (109 - 150) 223 (176 - 282)
Iowa 232 (198 - 270) 18 (14 - 23) 83 (72 - 95) 131 (104 - 166)
Kansas 181 (153 - 213) 17 (13 - 22) 67 (57 - 78) 97 (74 - 125)
Kentucky 220 (182 - 264) 18 (14 - 24) 64 (53 - 76) 137 (105 - 179)
Louisiana 287 (243 - 337) 24 (19 - 31) 86 (74 - 101) 176 (140 - 222)
Maine 85 (71 - 101) 7 (6 - 9) 24 (20 - 28) 54 (42 - 68)
Maryland 334 (278 - 403) 25 (19 - 33) 94 (79 - 111) 216 (167 - 279)
Massachusetts 455 (388 - 531) 34 (26 - 43) 134 (114 - 157) 287 (230 - 356)
Michigan 630 (572 - 694) 54 (47 - 63) 191 (175 - 208) 385 (332 - 445)
Minnesota 370 (315 - 433) 30 (23 - 38) 121 (104 - 140) 220 (174 - 276)
Mississippi 149 (124 - 180) 10 (8 - 14) 47 (39 - 56) 92 (71 - 120)
Missouri 423 (363 - 493) 35 (27 - 44) 125 (107 - 144) 264 (211 - 329)
Montana 76 (65 - 89) 8 (7 - 10) 24 (21 - 27) 44 (34 - 56)
Nebraska 133 (114 - 154) 12 (10 - 16) 47 (40 - 54) 74 (58 - 93)
Nevada 153 (128 - 182) 13 (10 - 17) 41 (35 - 48) 99 (77 - 126)
New Hampshire 85 (72 - 99) 7 (6 - 9) 28 (24 - 32) 50 (39 - 63)
New Jersey 463 (382 - 562) 41 (31 - 54) 125 (104 - 149) 298 (229 - 387)
New Mexico 151 (128 - 177) 14 (11 - 18) 46 (39 - 53) 91 (71 - 115)
New York 1,070 (959 - 1,195) 86 (73 - 102) 323 (292 - 356) 661 (561 - 779)
North Carolina 410 (335 - 501) 32 (24 - 42) 124 (102 - 149) 255 (192 - 338)
North Dakota 55 (48 - 63) 5 (4 - 6) 23 (20 - 26) 28 (22 - 36)
Ohio 690 (625 - 762) 55 (48 - 64) 215 (197 - 235) 420 (361 - 488)
Oklahoma 212 (177 - 254) 20 (16 - 26) 72 (60 - 86) 120 (92 - 156)
Oregon 247 (209 - 291) 19 (15 - 25) 72 (62 - 84) 155 (123 - 195)
Pennsylvania 784 (712 - 865) 58 (50 - 68) 251 (230 - 273) 475 (410 - 551)
Rhode Island 87 (74 - 101) 6 (5 - 8) 28 (24 - 32) 53 (42 - 66)
South Carolina 282 (237 - 334) 19 (14 - 24) 81 (68 - 95) 183 (144 - 231)
South Dakota 64 (55 - 74) 7 (5 - 8) 23 (20 - 26) 35 (27 - 44)
Tennessee 307 (255 - 369) 22 (17 - 29) 86 (70 - 105) 199 (155 - 253)
Texas 1,292 (1,173 - 1,422) 113 (97 - 132) 405 (368 - 445) 774 (668 - 896)
Utah 116 (94 - 142) 11 (8 - 15) 41 (33 - 51) 64 (47 - 87)
Vermont 42 (36 - 50) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (12 - 16) 25 (19 - 31)
Virginia 432 (363 - 513) 33 (25 - 43) 136 (115 - 160) 263 (205 - 337)
Washington 426 (358 - 504) 34 (27 - 44) 128 (109 - 150) 263 (206 - 335)
West Virginia 112 (95 - 132) 9 (7 - 12) 35 (30 - 40) 68 (54 - 87)
Wisconsin 518 (439 - 608) 42 (33 - 52) 156 (136 - 178) 321 (253 - 404)
Wyoming 39 (34 - 46) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 23 (18 - 29)
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  17. Alcohol Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 7,959   523   2,226   5,210  
Alabama 109 (86 - 138) 7 (5 - 11) 32 (25 - 41) 70 (50 - 97)
Alaska 17 (14 - 22) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (3 - 6) 11 (8 - 15)
Arizona 185 (147 - 233) 14 (10 - 21) 53 (42 - 68) 117 (86 - 160)
Arkansas 66 (52 - 83) 4 (3 - 7) 20 (16 - 26) 41 (30 - 57)
California 1,001 (867 - 1,155) 76 (60 - 96) 256 (220 - 296) 669 (547 - 817)
Colorado 147 (118 - 182) 10 (7 - 14) 45 (36 - 56) 92 (67 - 124)
Connecticut 100 (77 - 130) 6 (4 - 9) 25 (20 - 32) 69 (49 - 97)
Delaware 19 (15 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (9 - 18)
District of Columbia 23 (18 - 30) 0 (0 - 1) 5 (4 - 6) 18 (13 - 24)
Florida 436 (374 - 508) 25 (20 - 32) 112 (97 - 129) 299 (243 - 368)
Georgia 193 (147 - 252) 11 (7 - 17) 48 (35 - 64) 134 (94 - 189)
Hawaii 34 (26 - 44) 3 (2 - 4) 9 (7 - 12) 23 (16 - 32)
Idaho 40 (32 - 50) 4 (2 - 5) 13 (10 - 16) 24 (18 - 32)
Illinois 391 (342 - 447) 23 (18 - 29) 117 (102 - 133) 252 (208 - 305)
Indiana 169 (136 - 209) 12 (8 - 17) 54 (42 - 68) 103 (76 - 139)
Iowa 88 (71 - 108) 6 (4 - 8) 30 (24 - 38) 52 (38 - 70)
Kansas 72 (58 - 91) 6 (4 - 8) 24 (19 - 31) 43 (31 - 58)
Kentucky 98 (75 - 126) 6 (4 - 9) 27 (21 - 35) 64 (45 - 91)
Louisiana 124 (99 - 156) 7 (5 - 11) 36 (28 - 45) 81 (60 - 110)
Maine 39 (31 - 49) 3 (2 - 4) 11 (9 - 14) 25 (18 - 34)
Maryland 160 (124 - 207) 9 (7 - 14) 35 (27 - 46) 115 (83 - 160)
Massachusetts 208 (165 - 261) 12 (8 - 17) 56 (44 - 70) 140 (103 - 189)
Michigan 268 (233 - 308) 19 (15 - 24) 79 (69 - 90) 170 (138 - 209)
Minnesota 156 (124 - 195) 10 (7 - 15) 48 (38 - 60) 97 (71 - 133)
Mississippi 74 (58 - 95) 4 (3 - 6) 18 (14 - 24) 52 (38 - 71)
Missouri 174 (137 - 220) 11 (8 - 16) 46 (36 - 58) 117 (85 - 160)
Montana 31 (24 - 39) 3 (2 - 4) 10 (8 - 12) 18 (13 - 25)
Nebraska 52 (42 - 64) 4 (3 - 5) 17 (14 - 22) 30 (22 - 41)
Nevada 66 (52 - 84) 4 (3 - 7) 18 (14 - 23) 43 (31 - 60)
New Hampshire 34 (27 - 42) 2 (2 - 3) 10 (8 - 13) 21 (15 - 29)
New Jersey 193 (147 - 253) 13 (9 - 20) 48 (37 - 63) 131 (92 - 187)
New Mexico 64 (51 - 80) 5 (4 - 7) 19 (15 - 24) 40 (28 - 55)
New York 510 (434 - 600) 29 (22 - 37) 132 (113 - 154) 349 (279 - 436)
North Carolina 191 (145 - 251) 11 (7 - 17) 50 (38 - 66) 130 (90 - 186)
North Dakota 20 (16 - 25) 1 (1 - 2) 7 (6 - 9) 11 (8 - 16)
Ohio 304 (263 - 352) 19 (15 - 24) 89 (77 - 103) 196 (159 - 241)
Oklahoma 97 (76 - 122) 7 (5 - 10) 31 (24 - 40) 58 (42 - 81)
Oregon 116 (93 - 144) 7 (5 - 10) 32 (26 - 40) 76 (57 - 102)
Pennsylvania 337 (294 - 386) 20 (16 - 25) 101 (88 - 116) 216 (177 - 262)
Rhode Island 35 (27 - 44) 2 (1 - 3) 11 (8 - 13) 22 (16 - 31)
South Carolina 127 (100 - 161) 7 (5 - 11) 32 (25 - 41) 88 (64 - 119)
South Dakota 29 (22 - 36) 2 (2 - 3) 8 (6 - 10) 18 (13 - 25)
Tennessee 134 (104 - 173) 8 (5 - 12) 35 (26 - 46) 92 (65 - 128)
Texas 520 (447 - 604) 39 (31 - 51) 159 (138 - 183) 321 (258 - 399)
Utah 59 (46 - 75) 5 (3 - 7) 18 (14 - 24) 36 (26 - 50)
Vermont 19 (15 - 24) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (9 - 17)
Virginia 185 (147 - 232) 12 (9 - 18) 52 (41 - 66) 120 (88 - 164)
Washington 188 (148 - 237) 12 (8 - 17) 58 (45 - 73) 118 (84 - 164)
West Virginia 48 (38 - 59) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (12 - 19) 29 (21 - 40)
Wisconsin 197 (156 - 247) 11 (8 - 16) 53 (42 - 66) 133 (98 - 180)
Wyoming 15 (12 - 19) 1 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (7 - 12)
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  18. Any Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 7,066   1,317   2,585   3,164  
Alabama 109 (90 - 133) 20 (15 - 26) 38 (30 - 48) 51 (36 - 72)
Alaska 17 (14 - 20) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 8) 7 (5 - 9)
Arizona 139 (115 - 168) 34 (26 - 45) 48 (37 - 62) 57 (40 - 81)
Arkansas 71 (59 - 85) 12 (9 - 15) 27 (21 - 33) 32 (23 - 44)
California 904 (802 - 1,021) 175 (149 - 206) 331 (288 - 379) 398 (317 - 500)
Colorado 124 (103 - 148) 20 (16 - 26) 48 (38 - 59) 56 (40 - 77)
Connecticut 87 (73 - 105) 16 (12 - 20) 35 (28 - 43) 37 (26 - 52)
Delaware 20 (17 - 24) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 10) 9 (7 - 13)
District of Columbia 16 (13 - 20) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (5 - 7) 9 (7 - 13)
Florida 395 (348 - 448) 68 (57 - 80) 129 (112 - 148) 198 (159 - 247)
Georgia 197 (160 - 243) 35 (26 - 46) 61 (47 - 79) 102 (73 - 142)
Hawaii 29 (22 - 37) 6 (4 - 8) 9 (7 - 11) 14 (9 - 22)
Idaho 31 (25 - 37) 7 (5 - 9) 11 (9 - 14) 12 (9 - 17)
Illinois 300 (266 - 339) 54 (46 - 64) 114 (100 - 131) 132 (104 - 166)
Indiana 154 (127 - 184) 27 (20 - 35) 62 (50 - 77) 65 (47 - 91)
Iowa 67 (55 - 82) 11 (8 - 14) 26 (20 - 34) 31 (22 - 44)
Kansas 60 (49 - 73) 11 (9 - 15) 23 (18 - 30) 25 (17 - 35)
Kentucky 105 (87 - 127) 16 (12 - 21) 37 (30 - 46) 52 (37 - 72)
Louisiana 121 (99 - 146) 20 (15 - 25) 44 (35 - 54) 57 (41 - 80)
Maine 35 (30 - 43) 7 (5 - 9) 14 (11 - 17) 15 (11 - 21)
Maryland 130 (107 - 159) 22 (17 - 30) 48 (38 - 61) 59 (41 - 84)
Massachusetts 183 (153 - 219) 30 (23 - 39) 75 (60 - 93) 78 (57 - 107)
Michigan 256 (227 - 288) 55 (48 - 64) 88 (77 - 100) 113 (89 - 142)
Minnesota 120 (99 - 143) 22 (17 - 29) 47 (36 - 59) 51 (36 - 70)
Mississippi 64 (52 - 78) 12 (9 - 15) 23 (18 - 29) 30 (21 - 42)
Missouri 142 (119 - 170) 28 (22 - 36) 57 (46 - 71) 56 (40 - 79)
Montana 23 (19 - 27) 5 (4 - 6) 9 (8 - 11) 9 (6 - 12)
Nebraska 41 (34 - 49) 8 (6 - 10) 16 (13 - 21) 17 (12 - 23)
Nevada 51 (42 - 62) 10 (8 - 13) 16 (12 - 20) 25 (18 - 36)
New Hampshire 35 (29 - 42) 7 (5 - 9) 13 (11 - 16) 14 (10 - 20)
New Jersey 197 (161 - 241) 40 (31 - 53) 68 (53 - 85) 89 (62 - 127)
New Mexico 57 (47 - 70) 12 (9 - 15) 23 (18 - 29) 23 (15 - 33)
New York 467 (414 - 528) 78 (66 - 93) 171 (149 - 197) 217 (173 - 272)
North Carolina 199 (162 - 244) 33 (25 - 43) 65 (50 - 82) 102 (73 - 141)
North Dakota 14 (12 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 6 (5 - 7) 6 (4 - 8)
Ohio 261 (229 - 297) 53 (45 - 62) 94 (81 - 108) 114 (89 - 147)
Oklahoma 87 (72 - 105) 18 (14 - 24) 32 (25 - 41) 37 (26 - 52)
Oregon 89 (74 - 107) 16 (13 - 21) 33 (26 - 41) 40 (28 - 55)
Pennsylvania 279 (246 - 316) 49 (42 - 57) 105 (92 - 120) 125 (98 - 159)
Rhode Island 32 (26 - 38) 5 (4 - 7) 13 (10 - 16) 13 (9 - 19)
South Carolina 100 (82 - 121) 18 (13 - 23) 35 (28 - 45) 47 (33 - 65)
South Dakota 16 (13 - 19) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (4 - 7) 7 (5 - 10)
Tennessee 135 (110 - 163) 23 (17 - 30) 45 (35 - 58) 67 (49 - 92)
Texas 505 (449 - 568) 108 (92 - 127) 191 (166 - 220) 206 (161 - 262)
Utah 59 (49 - 70) 11 (8 - 14) 25 (20 - 32) 23 (16 - 32)
Vermont 17 (15 - 20) 3 (3 - 4) 8 (6 - 9) 6 (5 - 9)
Virginia 176 (145 - 215) 30 (23 - 39) 65 (52 - 81) 81 (58 - 114)
Washington 158 (129 - 191) 26 (20 - 34) 62 (50 - 78) 69 (49 - 98)
West Virginia 46 (38 - 55) 7 (6 - 9) 18 (15 - 23) 20 (14 - 28)
Wisconsin 137 (113 - 165) 31 (24 - 40) 47 (36 - 59) 59 (42 - 83)
Wyoming 12 (10 - 15) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 7)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  19. Any Illicit Drug Dependence in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 4,613   716   1,720   2,177  
Alabama 68 (54 - 85) 12 (8 - 16) 24 (18 - 32) 32 (22 - 48)
Alaska 11 (9 - 14) 2 (2 - 3) 4 (3 - 6) 5 (3 - 7)
Arizona 88 (69 - 111) 19 (13 - 26) 35 (26 - 46) 34 (22 - 54)
Arkansas 48 (38 - 60) 7 (5 - 10) 17 (13 - 23) 23 (16 - 34)
California 609 (527 - 703) 101 (82 - 124) 247 (211 - 289) 261 (195 - 348)
Colorado 79 (63 - 99) 12 (9 - 16) 29 (22 - 38) 39 (27 - 56)
Connecticut 56 (44 - 71) 8 (6 - 11) 21 (16 - 28) 26 (17 - 40)
Delaware 13 (11 - 17) 2 (1 - 3) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 9)
District of Columbia 12 (9 - 16) 1 (0 - 1) 4 (3 - 6) 7 (5 - 10)
Florida 254 (216 - 299) 35 (28 - 43) 83 (69 - 99) 137 (104 - 179)
Georgia 125 (96 - 162) 18 (13 - 26) 36 (25 - 50) 71 (47 - 106)
Hawaii 19 (14 - 25) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 9) 9 (6 - 15)
Idaho 19 (15 - 24) 4 (3 - 5) 7 (5 - 10) 8 (6 - 13)
Illinois 198 (171 - 229) 31 (25 - 38) 71 (60 - 84) 97 (75 - 125)
Indiana 103 (82 - 129) 15 (11 - 21) 41 (31 - 54) 47 (32 - 69)
Iowa 41 (32 - 53) 6 (4 - 8) 15 (10 - 20) 21 (14 - 32)
Kansas 40 (31 - 51) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (12 - 22) 18 (12 - 27)
Kentucky 74 (58 - 93) 10 (7 - 14) 25 (19 - 33) 39 (26 - 56)
Louisiana 83 (65 - 106) 10 (7 - 14) 29 (22 - 38) 44 (29 - 65)
Maine 21 (17 - 27) 4 (3 - 5) 8 (7 - 11) 10 (6 - 14)
Maryland 86 (69 - 109) 13 (9 - 18) 32 (24 - 43) 41 (28 - 61)
Massachusetts 123 (98 - 154) 15 (11 - 21) 53 (40 - 68) 55 (37 - 81)
Michigan 170 (146 - 197) 29 (24 - 35) 63 (54 - 73) 78 (58 - 103)
Minnesota 78 (62 - 97) 12 (9 - 16) 33 (25 - 44) 33 (22 - 50)
Mississippi 41 (32 - 52) 6 (5 - 9) 14 (11 - 19) 20 (13 - 30)
Missouri 88 (70 - 110) 15 (11 - 21) 34 (26 - 45) 38 (26 - 56)
Montana 14 (12 - 18) 2 (2 - 3) 6 (4 - 8) 6 (4 - 9)
Nebraska 27 (22 - 34) 4 (3 - 6) 11 (8 - 14) 12 (8 - 18)
Nevada 33 (26 - 43) 5 (4 - 7) 10 (8 - 14) 17 (11 - 26)
New Hampshire 23 (18 - 29) 3 (2 - 5) 9 (7 - 11) 11 (7 - 16)
New Jersey 123 (97 - 158) 21 (15 - 29) 44 (33 - 59) 59 (38 - 90)
New Mexico 36 (28 - 46) 7 (5 - 9) 16 (12 - 20) 14 (9 - 22)
New York 313 (269 - 365) 44 (35 - 54) 116 (99 - 137) 153 (116 - 203)
North Carolina 129 (101 - 164) 18 (13 - 26) 40 (29 - 54) 71 (48 - 103)
North Dakota 9 (7 - 11) 2 (1 - 2) 4 (3 - 5) 4 (2 - 6)
Ohio 167 (142 - 196) 28 (23 - 34) 58 (49 - 69) 81 (60 - 108)
Oklahoma 57 (46 - 72) 10 (7 - 13) 23 (17 - 30) 25 (17 - 37)
Oregon 64 (50 - 82) 8 (6 - 11) 25 (19 - 33) 31 (21 - 47)
Pennsylvania 174 (149 - 204) 27 (22 - 33) 62 (52 - 73) 86 (66 - 114)
Rhode Island 22 (17 - 28) 3 (2 - 4) 8 (6 - 11) 11 (7 - 17)
South Carolina 59 (46 - 75) 9 (6 - 12) 20 (15 - 27) 30 (20 - 44)
South Dakota 11 (8 - 13) 2 (1 - 3) 4 (3 - 5) 5 (3 - 8)
Tennessee 89 (70 - 111) 13 (10 - 18) 29 (21 - 39) 47 (32 - 67)
Texas 323 (278 - 374) 59 (47 - 73) 131 (111 - 155) 133 (98 - 180)
Utah 37 (29 - 47) 6 (4 - 8) 16 (12 - 22) 15 (10 - 23)
Vermont 11 (9 - 14) 2 (1 - 2) 5 (4 - 6) 5 (3 - 7)
Virginia 116 (92 - 148) 15 (11 - 21) 42 (32 - 55) 59 (40 - 87)
Washington 111 (89 - 137) 14 (10 - 20) 45 (34 - 59) 51 (35 - 75)
West Virginia 30 (23 - 38) 4 (3 - 6) 12 (9 - 16) 14 (9 - 20)
Wisconsin 80 (62 - 102) 14 (10 - 20) 29 (21 - 39) 37 (24 - 57)
Wyoming 8 (6 - 10) 1 (1 - 2) 3 (2 - 4) 4 (2 - 6)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence is based on the definition found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  20. Dependence on or Abuse of Any Illicit Drug or Alcohol in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 22,045   2,221   6,759   13,064  
Alabama 275 (234 - 324) 28 (22 - 35) 86 (73 - 101) 161 (126 - 205)
Alaska 50 (43 - 57) 6 (5 - 8) 15 (13 - 17) 28 (23 - 35)
Arizona 497 (430 - 572) 55 (44 - 68) 139 (120 - 161) 302 (246 - 371)
Arkansas 186 (161 - 215) 20 (16 - 24) 63 (55 - 72) 104 (83 - 129)
California 2,682 (2,468 - 2,915) 296 (262 - 334) 819 (755 - 886) 1,568 (1,374 - 1,787)
Colorado 409 (356 - 468) 36 (29 - 44) 123 (108 - 140) 250 (205 - 304)
Connecticut 276 (238 - 321) 28 (23 - 35) 83 (73 - 95) 165 (130 - 207)
Delaware 59 (51 - 68) 5 (4 - 6) 19 (17 - 22) 35 (28 - 43)
District of Columbia 54 (46 - 63) 2 (1 - 3) 14 (12 - 16) 38 (31 - 46)
Florida 1,238 (1,134 - 1,353) 115 (101 - 130) 340 (313 - 368) 784 (686 - 894)
Georgia 565 (484 - 658) 54 (42 - 68) 165 (140 - 193) 346 (278 - 430)
Hawaii 90 (76 - 105) 10 (8 - 13) 27 (23 - 31) 53 (41 - 68)
Idaho 101 (87 - 116) 13 (10 - 15) 31 (27 - 37) 57 (45 - 71)
Illinois 1,065 (982 - 1,155) 94 (83 - 107) 347 (323 - 373) 624 (548 - 708)
Indiana 460 (398 - 527) 45 (36 - 56) 158 (138 - 181) 257 (206 - 319)
Iowa 258 (225 - 295) 23 (18 - 28) 91 (79 - 104) 145 (117 - 178)
Kansas 205 (178 - 236) 22 (18 - 27) 75 (65 - 86) 108 (86 - 136)
Kentucky 287 (246 - 333) 27 (22 - 33) 82 (70 - 96) 178 (143 - 220)
Louisiana 362 (316 - 414) 35 (28 - 43) 108 (94 - 125) 219 (180 - 266)
Maine 106 (92 - 122) 11 (9 - 14) 30 (26 - 34) 65 (53 - 80)
Maryland 399 (341 - 469) 37 (30 - 47) 114 (97 - 132) 248 (196 - 313)
Massachusetts 552 (480 - 634) 51 (41 - 62) 166 (144 - 189) 336 (274 - 410)
Michigan 782 (716 - 853) 85 (76 - 96) 236 (219 - 254) 460 (401 - 527)
Minnesota 435 (377 - 498) 42 (35 - 51) 143 (124 - 163) 250 (203 - 307)
Mississippi 181 (154 - 211) 17 (13 - 22) 59 (50 - 69) 105 (82 - 132)
Missouri 499 (435 - 571) 51 (42 - 63) 155 (136 - 175) 293 (239 - 359)
Montana 84 (73 - 97) 11 (9 - 13) 27 (24 - 30) 47 (37 - 59)
Nebraska 145 (126 - 166) 16 (13 - 20) 51 (44 - 58) 78 (63 - 97)
Nevada 180 (155 - 209) 18 (15 - 23) 50 (43 - 58) 112 (91 - 138)
New Hampshire 107 (93 - 122) 11 (9 - 14) 34 (30 - 38) 62 (50 - 76)
New Jersey 574 (491 - 671) 65 (52 - 81) 160 (136 - 187) 349 (278 - 438)
New Mexico 180 (156 - 206) 21 (17 - 26) 56 (49 - 64) 103 (83 - 127)
New York 1,359 (1,235 - 1,496) 132 (116 - 149) 408 (373 - 444) 819 (706 - 950)
North Carolina 535 (453 - 629) 51 (40 - 64) 154 (130 - 181) 330 (260 - 418)
North Dakota 62 (54 - 70) 6 (5 - 8) 24 (21 - 27) 31 (25 - 39)
Ohio 838 (768 - 914) 84 (74 - 95) 257 (237 - 279) 497 (434 - 568)
Oklahoma 265 (229 - 306) 32 (26 - 39) 88 (76 - 103) 145 (115 - 182)
Oregon 293 (254 - 338) 29 (24 - 35) 85 (74 - 97) 179 (144 - 221)
Pennsylvania 923 (845 - 1,009) 85 (75 - 96) 294 (272 - 318) 544 (473 - 625)
Rhode Island 103 (90 - 118) 9 (7 - 11) 32 (28 - 37) 62 (50 - 76)
South Carolina 327 (283 - 377) 29 (23 - 36) 97 (83 - 112) 201 (164 - 247)
South Dakota 68 (59 - 77) 8 (7 - 10) 24 (22 - 27) 35 (28 - 44)
Tennessee 380 (323 - 444) 36 (28 - 45) 106 (89 - 127) 238 (191 - 296)
Texas 1,571 (1,451 - 1,700) 177 (155 - 201) 502 (462 - 545) 892 (786 - 1,011)
Utah 150 (126 - 178) 16 (13 - 21) 55 (46 - 66) 79 (60 - 103)
Vermont 53 (47 - 61) 5 (4 - 6) 18 (15 - 20) 31 (25 - 38)
Virginia 519 (447 - 602) 49 (39 - 62) 168 (146 - 191) 302 (241 - 376)
Washington 515 (444 - 595) 48 (38 - 59) 156 (135 - 179) 312 (251 - 385)
West Virginia 136 (118 - 156) 13 (10 - 16) 42 (37 - 48) 81 (66 - 100)
Wisconsin 560 (483 - 644) 59 (48 - 71) 169 (148 - 192) 332 (267 - 411)
Wyoming 46 (40 - 52) 5 (4 - 6) 15 (13 - 17) 26 (21 - 32)
NOTE: Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
NOTE: Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  21. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 6,428   1,238   2,394   2,796  
Alabama 92 (76 - 112) 18 (14 - 24) 34 (27 - 44) 40 (28 - 56)
Alaska 18 (14 - 22) 4 (3 - 5) 6 (5 - 7) 8 (5 - 12)
Arizona 130 (106 - 159) 33 (25 - 43) 45 (34 - 58) 53 (36 - 76)
Arkansas 65 (54 - 79) 11 (9 - 15) 25 (20 - 32) 29 (21 - 39)
California 861 (755 - 982) 167 (142 - 198) 313 (270 - 362) 381 (298 - 487)
Colorado 116 (95 - 140) 19 (15 - 25) 45 (35 - 56) 52 (37 - 72)
Connecticut 79 (65 - 97) 15 (11 - 19) 31 (25 - 39) 33 (23 - 48)
Delaware 18 (15 - 22) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (5 - 9) 8 (6 - 12)
District of Columbia 13 (11 - 17) 1 (1 - 2) 6 (4 - 7) 7 (5 - 9)
Florida 375 (329 - 429) 64 (55 - 76) 120 (104 - 139) 190 (151 - 240)
Georgia 175 (143 - 215) 34 (25 - 45) 57 (44 - 74) 84 (60 - 119)
Hawaii 28 (21 - 35) 6 (4 - 8) 8 (6 - 11) 14 (9 - 21)
Idaho 28 (23 - 35) 6 (5 - 8) 10 (8 - 14) 11 (8 - 16)
Illinois 271 (240 - 306) 50 (42 - 60) 106 (92 - 122) 115 (90 - 146)
Indiana 135 (112 - 161) 25 (19 - 33) 54 (43 - 68) 55 (40 - 77)
Iowa 61 (49 - 75) 9 (7 - 13) 24 (19 - 31) 27 (19 - 39)
Kansas 52 (43 - 64) 10 (8 - 14) 22 (17 - 28) 20 (14 - 29)
Kentucky 98 (80 - 120) 16 (12 - 20) 35 (27 - 44) 48 (34 - 68)
Louisiana 113 (93 - 137) 18 (14 - 24) 41 (33 - 51) 54 (39 - 75)
Maine 34 (28 - 41) 6 (5 - 8) 13 (10 - 16) 15 (10 - 21)
Maryland 117 (97 - 144) 22 (16 - 28) 45 (35 - 57) 51 (36 - 73)
Massachusetts 161 (133 - 194) 29 (22 - 38) 68 (53 - 85) 64 (46 - 91)
Michigan 223 (197 - 252) 52 (45 - 60) 81 (71 - 93) 90 (70 - 115)
Minnesota 109 (90 - 132) 21 (16 - 27) 44 (34 - 56) 45 (32 - 62)
Mississippi 58 (47 - 71) 11 (8 - 15) 21 (16 - 27) 26 (18 - 38)
Missouri 134 (111 - 160) 26 (20 - 34) 53 (42 - 66) 54 (38 - 77)
Montana 21 (18 - 25) 5 (3 - 6) 9 (7 - 11) 8 (6 - 11)
Nebraska 37 (31 - 45) 7 (6 - 10) 15 (11 - 19) 15 (11 - 22)
Nevada 48 (39 - 59) 9 (7 - 12) 15 (12 - 19) 24 (17 - 34)
New Hampshire 31 (25 - 37) 7 (5 - 9) 12 (10 - 15) 12 (8 - 17)
New Jersey 170 (139 - 207) 38 (29 - 50) 61 (47 - 78) 71 (49 - 102)
New Mexico 53 (43 - 65) 11 (8 - 14) 21 (16 - 26) 21 (14 - 31)
New York 409 (361 - 463) 74 (63 - 88) 160 (139 - 184) 174 (137 - 222)
North Carolina 178 (144 - 220) 31 (23 - 41) 58 (44 - 76) 89 (63 - 126)
North Dakota 13 (11 - 16) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 5 (3 - 7)
Ohio 232 (203 - 266) 50 (42 - 59) 86 (74 - 99) 97 (74 - 126)
Oklahoma 82 (67 - 100) 17 (13 - 22) 30 (23 - 39) 35 (25 - 49)
Oregon 85 (70 - 103) 15 (12 - 20) 31 (25 - 39) 38 (27 - 54)
Pennsylvania 246 (218 - 279) 46 (39 - 54) 95 (83 - 109) 105 (83 - 133)
Rhode Island 28 (23 - 33) 5 (4 - 7) 12 (10 - 16) 10 (7 - 15)
South Carolina 89 (73 - 108) 16 (12 - 21) 33 (26 - 42) 40 (28 - 55)
South Dakota 14 (11 - 17) 3 (2 - 4) 5 (4 - 7) 6 (4 - 9)
Tennessee 125 (101 - 152) 21 (16 - 28) 43 (33 - 56) 60 (44 - 84)
Texas 461 (408 - 521) 99 (84 - 118) 180 (156 - 207) 182 (143 - 233)
Utah 53 (44 - 64) 10 (7 - 13) 21 (17 - 27) 22 (15 - 31)
Vermont 16 (13 - 19) 3 (2 - 4) 7 (6 - 9) 6 (4 - 8)
Virginia 152 (124 - 185) 28 (21 - 37) 59 (46 - 75) 65 (46 - 93)
Washington 150 (122 - 184) 24 (18 - 32) 58 (45 - 73) 68 (48 - 97)
West Virginia 39 (32 - 47) 7 (5 - 9) 17 (13 - 21) 15 (11 - 22)
Wisconsin 122 (98 - 150) 30 (23 - 39) 44 (34 - 57) 48 (32 - 71)
Wyoming 11 (9 - 13) 2 (2 - 3) 5 (3 - 6) 4 (3 - 6)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers). Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), inhalants, hallucinogens, heroin, or prescription-type psychotherapeutic (nonmedical use).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  22. Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
12-17 18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 17,370   1,425   5,352   10,593  
Alabama 209 (172 - 255) 17 (13 - 23) 65 (54 - 78) 127 (95 - 168)
Alaska 35 (29 - 42) 4 (3 - 5) 11 (9 - 13) 21 (16 - 27)
Arizona 423 (356 - 502) 36 (27 - 47) 118 (99 - 139) 270 (212 - 342)
Arkansas 142 (119 - 168) 13 (10 - 16) 48 (40 - 57) 81 (62 - 105)
California 2,123 (1,922 - 2,344) 188 (161 - 219) 642 (583 - 705) 1,293 (1,110 - 1,503)
Colorado 334 (281 - 394) 25 (19 - 33) 100 (85 - 117) 208 (165 - 263)
Connecticut 212 (176 - 254) 18 (14 - 23) 64 (54 - 74) 130 (99 - 169)
Delaware 44 (37 - 53) 3 (2 - 4) 15 (13 - 17) 26 (20 - 34)
District of Columbia 43 (36 - 52) 1 (1 - 2) 11 (9 - 13) 31 (24 - 40)
Florida 978 (881 - 1,087) 74 (63 - 86) 264 (239 - 291) 641 (552 - 743)
Georgia 410 (337 - 497) 31 (23 - 42) 122 (100 - 148) 256 (195 - 335)
Hawaii 71 (59 - 85) 7 (5 - 9) 21 (18 - 25) 43 (32 - 56)
Idaho 85 (71 - 100) 9 (7 - 12) 26 (22 - 31) 49 (38 - 63)
Illinois 887 (812 - 970) 63 (54 - 73) 287 (265 - 311) 538 (469 - 616)
Indiana 355 (299 - 420) 30 (23 - 38) 121 (102 - 142) 205 (159 - 264)
Iowa 217 (185 - 253) 16 (12 - 20) 79 (68 - 92) 122 (96 - 154)
Kansas 172 (145 - 203) 16 (12 - 21) 64 (55 - 75) 91 (70 - 119)
Kentucky 212 (175 - 257) 18 (14 - 23) 62 (52 - 74) 132 (100 - 174)
Louisiana 274 (232 - 323) 22 (17 - 28) 84 (71 - 98) 168 (133 - 212)
Maine 81 (68 - 96) 7 (5 - 9) 23 (20 - 27) 51 (40 - 65)
Maryland 306 (251 - 374) 24 (18 - 31) 87 (73 - 105) 195 (147 - 257)
Massachusetts 436 (370 - 513) 33 (26 - 42) 130 (111 - 152) 273 (216 - 343)
Michigan 597 (541 - 659) 52 (45 - 60) 181 (166 - 197) 364 (313 - 422)
Minnesota 343 (290 - 403) 28 (22 - 36) 113 (96 - 132) 202 (158 - 257)
Mississippi 142 (117 - 171) 10 (7 - 13) 46 (38 - 55) 86 (65 - 112)
Missouri 405 (345 - 473) 34 (27 - 43) 121 (104 - 140) 250 (198 - 313)
Montana 70 (60 - 82) 7 (6 - 9) 22 (19 - 26) 41 (32 - 52)
Nebraska 127 (108 - 148) 12 (9 - 15) 44 (38 - 51) 71 (56 - 90)
Nevada 148 (125 - 176) 13 (10 - 16) 40 (34 - 47) 96 (76 - 121)
New Hampshire 81 (69 - 95) 7 (5 - 9) 26 (23 - 31) 48 (38 - 61)
New Jersey 445 (365 - 541) 41 (31 - 53) 121 (100 - 145) 283 (216 - 370)
New Mexico 140 (119 - 165) 14 (11 - 17) 45 (38 - 52) 82 (64 - 105)
New York 1,006 (897 - 1,129) 82 (69 - 98) 315 (285 - 347) 609 (511 - 725)
North Carolina 385 (310 - 475) 31 (23 - 41) 119 (98 - 145) 234 (173 - 317)
North Dakota 53 (46 - 61) 5 (4 - 6) 22 (19 - 25) 26 (20 - 33)
Ohio 657 (592 - 728) 52 (45 - 60) 206 (188 - 226) 398 (341 - 465)
Oklahoma 201 (168 - 239) 19 (15 - 25) 69 (58 - 83) 112 (86 - 146)
Oregon 236 (199 - 278) 19 (15 - 24) 69 (59 - 81) 147 (116 - 186)
Pennsylvania 747 (675 - 827) 55 (47 - 65) 242 (222 - 263) 449 (385 - 523)
Rhode Island 81 (69 - 95) 6 (5 - 8) 27 (23 - 31) 48 (38 - 61)
South Carolina 264 (219 - 316) 17 (13 - 22) 76 (64 - 90) 171 (133 - 219)
South Dakota 56 (49 - 65) 6 (5 - 8) 20 (18 - 23) 30 (23 - 38)
Tennessee 296 (244 - 356) 23 (17 - 30) 83 (68 - 101) 190 (147 - 245)
Texas 1,247 (1,131 - 1,374) 108 (92 - 127) 400 (364 - 439) 739 (636 - 857)
Utah 111 (90 - 136) 11 (8 - 15) 41 (33 - 51) 60 (44 - 82)
Vermont 41 (35 - 48) 3 (3 - 4) 14 (12 - 16) 24 (19 - 30)
Virginia 411 (346 - 489) 32 (24 - 41) 131 (111 - 153) 249 (192 - 321)
Washington 393 (328 - 469) 33 (25 - 42) 118 (100 - 139) 242 (188 - 311)
West Virginia 106 (89 - 126) 9 (7 - 11) 32 (28 - 38) 65 (51 - 84)
Wisconsin 494 (418 - 580) 40 (32 - 51) 149 (130 - 171) 304 (239 - 386)
Wyoming 38 (33 - 45) 3 (3 - 4) 13 (11 - 15) 22 (17 - 28)
NOTE: Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

51010

Table  23. Serious Psychological Distress in Past Year, by Age Group and State: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2003 and 2004 NSDUHs
State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
18-25 26 or Older
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Estimate 95% Prediction
Interval
Total 20,597   4,361   16,236  
Alabama 294 (246 - 350) 65 (55 - 77) 229 (184 - 283)
Alaska 38 (32 - 46) 9 (8 - 11) 29 (23 - 37)
Arizona 457 (382 - 544) 94 (80 - 111) 362 (293 - 446)
Arkansas 200 (167 - 237) 43 (36 - 50) 157 (127 - 192)
California 2,381 (2,141 - 2,645) 509 (461 - 562) 1,871 (1,642 - 2,129)
Colorado 337 (283 - 400) 70 (59 - 82) 267 (217 - 329)
Connecticut 233 (193 - 280) 45 (38 - 53) 187 (150 - 234)
Delaware 60 (50 - 71) 12 (10 - 14) 48 (39 - 59)
District of Columbia 43 (36 - 51) 9 (8 - 11) 33 (27 - 41)
Florida 1,169 (1,050 - 1,301) 206 (186 - 228) 963 (847 - 1,092)
Georgia 675 (573 - 792) 136 (115 - 160) 539 (445 - 650)
Hawaii 65 (53 - 79) 14 (12 - 17) 51 (40 - 65)
Idaho 105 (90 - 123) 26 (23 - 31) 79 (64 - 96)
Illinois 827 (742 - 920) 167 (150 - 185) 660 (580 - 750)
Indiana 467 (395 - 550) 98 (84 - 114) 369 (302 - 450)
Iowa 209 (176 - 248) 49 (42 - 58) 160 (129 - 197)
Kansas 192 (161 - 228) 48 (41 - 57) 144 (116 - 178)
Kentucky 357 (300 - 423) 69 (59 - 79) 288 (234 - 353)
Louisiana 318 (270 - 372) 81 (70 - 93) 237 (193 - 290)
Maine 106 (90 - 125) 22 (19 - 26) 84 (68 - 103)
Maryland 351 (288 - 427) 72 (60 - 85) 279 (220 - 352)
Massachusetts 427 (357 - 508) 99 (84 - 116) 328 (263 - 407)
Michigan 685 (618 - 758) 150 (137 - 165) 535 (471 - 605)
Minnesota 328 (273 - 392) 75 (63 - 89) 253 (203 - 314)
Mississippi 198 (167 - 234) 51 (44 - 59) 147 (118 - 182)
Missouri 485 (409 - 572) 100 (86 - 116) 385 (314 - 470)
Montana 63 (52 - 75) 15 (13 - 18) 47 (38 - 60)
Nebraska 109 (91 - 131) 28 (23 - 33) 82 (65 - 103)
Nevada 172 (144 - 205) 31 (26 - 37) 141 (114 - 173)
New Hampshire 91 (77 - 108) 21 (18 - 24) 71 (57 - 87)
New Jersey 593 (491 - 713) 108 (91 - 129) 484 (388 - 601)
New Mexico 142 (119 - 169) 30 (25 - 36) 112 (91 - 138)
New York 1,363 (1,226 - 1,514) 295 (268 - 325) 1,068 (938 - 1,213)
North Carolina 615 (516 - 731) 120 (102 - 141) 495 (402 - 608)
North Dakota 46 (39 - 55) 12 (10 - 14) 35 (28 - 43)
Ohio 853 (771 - 942) 186 (169 - 204) 667 (590 - 754)
Oklahoma 279 (234 - 332) 63 (54 - 74) 216 (174 - 266)
Oregon 270 (227 - 320) 58 (49 - 67) 212 (172 - 260)
Pennsylvania 792 (711 - 881) 170 (154 - 188) 622 (545 - 708)
Rhode Island 100 (83 - 119) 20 (17 - 23) 80 (65 - 98)
South Carolina 309 (258 - 367) 61 (52 - 72) 248 (200 - 305)
South Dakota 46 (38 - 56) 12 (10 - 14) 34 (27 - 44)
Tennessee 449 (376 - 534) 89 (75 - 105) 360 (292 - 441)
Texas 1,519 (1,374 - 1,678) 329 (297 - 363) 1,191 (1,051 - 1,346)
Utah 192 (164 - 223) 55 (47 - 64) 137 (112 - 166)
Vermont 42 (36 - 50) 10 (9 - 12) 32 (26 - 39)
Virginia 472 (395 - 563) 101 (86 - 119) 371 (299 - 458)
Washington 499 (420 - 590) 102 (87 - 119) 397 (322 - 486)
West Virginia 178 (149 - 212) 31 (27 - 36) 147 (120 - 180)
Wisconsin 355 (296 - 424) 81 (69 - 96) 274 (219 - 340)
Wyoming 42 (35 - 49) 10 (9 - 12) 31 (26 - 38)
NOTE: Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) was referred to as Serious Mental Illness (SMI) in prior NSDUH reports.
NOTE: Data for Serious Psychological Distress (SPD) are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, the "Total" estimate reflects those aged 18 or older.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach, and the 95 percent prediction (credible) intervals are generated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2003 and 2004.

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This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.