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2004 State Estimates of Substance Use and Mental Health
(from the 2003-2004 National Surveys on Drug Use & Health)

bulletNational data      bulletState level data       bulletMetropolitan and other subState area data

Percentages & Significance of Change: 

Index to Changes in All Variables by State and Regions 

Table C8 Nonmedical Use of Pain Relievers in Past Year, by Age Group and State: 2002-2003 and 2003-2004 NSDUHs

State Total AGE GROUP (Years)
1217 1825 26 or Older
2002-2003 2003-2004 Significance 2002-2003 2003-2004 Significance 2002-2003 2003-2004 Significance 2002-2003 2003-2004 Significance
Total 4.79  4.79 ns 7.61  7.53 ns 11.70  11.95 ns 3.20  3.16 ns
Northeast 4.05b 4.32 ns 6.37  6.64 ns 11.22a 12.07 SIG 2.62  2.77 ns
Midwest 4.58  4.62 ns 7.53  7.37 ns 11.68  11.9 ns 2.90  2.93 ns
South 4.92  4.79 ns 7.88  7.71 ns 12.08  11.86 ns 3.27  3.14 ns
West 5.42  5.37 ns 8.23  8.1 ns 11.51  12.03 ns 3.90  3.76 ns
                         
Alabama 4.89  5.2 ns 8.01  8.6 ns 12.98  13.73 ns 3.03  3.22 ns
Alaska 5.34  5.68 ns 8.09  8.62 ns 12.72  12.77 ns 3.58  3.81 ns
Arizona 6.07  5.33 ns 9.35  8.46 ns 13.91  12.05 ns 4.18  3.66 ns
Arkansas 5.03  5.53 ns 7.95a 10.68 SIG 13.38  14.41 ns 3.15  3.24 ns
California 5.20  5.15 ns 7.53  7.7 ns 9.79a 11.21 SIG 4.02  3.67 ns
Colorado 6.08  6.24 ns 8.98  8.05 ns 13.94  13.45 ns 4.31  4.72 ns
Connecticut 4.03  4.34 ns 5.70  5.97 ns 11.54  12.49 ns 2.72  2.91 ns
Delaware 5.12  5.52 ns 7.30  8.13 ns 13.90  13.4 ns 3.33  3.81 ns
District of Columbia 3.52  3.07 ns 5.26  4.35 ns 6.73  6.33 ns 2.73  2.33 ns
Florida 4.85  4.8 ns 7.03  7.08 ns 12.83  12.55 ns 3.45  3.38 ns
Georgia 5.12  5.49 ns 8.41  8.21 ns 10.66  11.35 ns 3.64  4.02 ns
Hawaii 3.90a 3.13 SIG 6.52  5.3 ns 9.41  8.01 ns 2.67  2.11 ns
Idaho 5.63  5.32 ns 8.72  8.14 ns 13.57  12.44 ns 3.48  3.41 ns
Illinois 4.02  4.08 ns 6.76  6.18 ns 10.92  10.9 ns 2.42  2.57 ns
Indiana 5.88  5.44 ns 8.37  8.31 ns 15.82  14.4 ns 3.70  3.38 ns
Iowa 3.42  3.66 ns 6.28  5.95 ns 8.78  9.96 ns 2.02  2.17 ns
Kansas 4.36  4.23 ns 6.14  6.63 ns 10.84  10.33 ns 2.84  2.69 ns
Kentucky 6.50  6.31 ns 9.96  10.92 ns 17.48  15.81 ns 4.16  4.08 ns
Louisiana 5.16  5.16 ns 7.46  8 ns 13.19  13.18 ns 3.20  3.11 ns
Maine 4.61  5.02 ns 7.16a 8.8 SIG 14.07  14.2 ns 2.87  3.14 ns
Maryland 4.03  3.48 ns 5.95  5.46 ns 10.52  9.56 ns 2.75  2.21 ns
Massachusetts 5.28  5.06 ns 7.78  8.03 ns 14.68  13.73 ns 3.47  3.3 ns
Michigan 5.18  5.17 ns 9.70  9.54 ns 11.90  12.56 ns 3.37  3.25 ns
Minnesota 3.93  3.96 ns 6.37  5.56 ns 8.79  9.31 ns 2.70  2.77 ns
Mississippi 4.40  3.88 ns 8.48  7.61 ns 10.05  9.39 ns 2.64  2.21 ns
Missouri 5.17  5.44 ns 7.75  8.55 ns 12.93  13.39 ns 3.44  3.59 ns
Montana 4.22b 4.96 ns 8.06  9.01 ns 10.19a 12.5 SIG 2.61  3.04 ns
Nebraska 3.82  3.41 ns 7.31  5.98 ns 10.05  9.01 ns 2.11  1.95 ns
Nevada 5.66  5.55 ns 9.61  8.87 ns 13.30  12.37 ns 3.93  4.02 ns
New Hampshire 5.33  5.28 ns 7.91  7.65 ns 16.19  15.24 ns 3.28  3.38 ns
New Jersey 3.61  3.96 ns 5.89  6.16 ns 9.95  11.11 ns 2.42  2.63 ns
New Mexico 5.18  5.5 ns 8.36  8.62 ns 10.80  12.01 ns 3.64  3.79 ns
New York 3.72  4.11 ns 6.02  6.15 ns 9.78a 11.2 SIG 2.43  2.68 ns
North Carolina 5.07  4.39 ns 8.81  7.57 ns 12.09  10.57 ns 3.40  2.93 ns
North Dakota 3.54  4 ns 6.34  6.14 ns 7.76b 9.38 ns 2.27  2.58 ns
Ohio 4.53  4.8 ns 7.09  7.47 ns 11.98  13.08 ns 2.90  3 ns
Oklahoma 5.81  5.71 ns 9.24  10.1 ns 15.12  14.35 ns 3.53  3.44 ns
Oregon 5.73  5.56 ns 9.20  9.78 ns 14.56  13.27 ns 3.78  3.7 ns
Pennsylvania 3.81  4.13 ns 6.24  6.71 ns 10.86b 12.13 ns 2.36  2.48 ns
Rhode Island 5.91  5.96 ns 7.42  7.62 ns 16.95  15.3 ns 3.71  4.03 ns
South Carolina 4.94  5.01 ns 7.50  8.14 ns 11.91  12.36 ns 3.36  3.29 ns
South Dakota 3.68  3.45 ns 7.63  6.45 ns 8.75  7.83 ns 2.09  2.14 ns
Tennessee 4.65  4.6 ns 9.08  9.34 ns 11.41  10.98 ns 2.94  2.94 ns
Texas 4.90  4.59 ns 7.60b 6.72 ns 11.11  11.03 ns 3.24  2.98 ns
Utah 5.57  6.08 ns 7.81  7.05 ns 11.95b 14.1 ns 3.27  3.61 ns
Vermont 5.37  4.96 ns 8.93  8.14 ns 14.60  13.44 ns 3.31  3.08 ns
Virginia 4.35  4.17 ns 7.93  7.45 ns 10.75  11.35 ns 2.84  2.55 ns
Washington 5.86  6.07 ns 10.19  9.52 ns 15.25  14.24 ns 3.66  4.19 ns
West Virginia 5.34  5.22 ns 8.87  8.62 ns 15.67  14.61 ns 3.27  3.32 ns
Wisconsin 4.66  4.69 ns 7.58  6.97 ns 12.67  12.48 ns 2.81  2.96 ns
Wyoming 4.98  5.19 ns 8.00  8.75 ns 12.68  12.48 ns 3.08  3.3 ns
NOTE: SIG=Significant difference between 2003-2004 and 2002-2003 percentages; ns=not significant   at the 0.05 level
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
a Difference between the 2003-2004 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.05 level.
b Difference between the 2003-2004 estimate and the 2002-2003 estimate is statistically significant at the 0.10 level.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002, 2003, and 2004.

This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.