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2003 State Estimates of Substance Use

States  (each has 2 tables of data)

A   B      E     G   H   I   J   K       N   O   P   Q     S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z

State by State Model Based Estimates

A

41005

ALABAMA

Table 1. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Alabama, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 245 37 80 128
     Past Year Marijuana Use 309 49 119 141
     Past Month Marijuana Use 160 24 62 73
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 137 20 40 77
     Past Year Cocaine Use 83 6 27 49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,790 151 155 1,484
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 40 20 18 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,360 57 254 1,048
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 669 31 175 463
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,706 163 188 1,355
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,219 63 226 930
     Past Month Cigarette Use 976 52 196 728
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,523 237 311 1,975
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 65 10 23 32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 99 18 33 49
     Alcohol Dependence 102 6 28 68
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 225 18 68 138
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 273 27 82 164
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 82 16 30 36
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 215 18 66 131
     Serious Mental Illness8 3178 -- 70 247
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ALABAMA

Table 2. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Alabama, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.62 9.65 15.94 4.57
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.35 12.75 23.79 5.03
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.32 6.37 12.47 2.60
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.72 5.36 8.06 2.73
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.25 1.66 5.49 1.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 48.47 39.58 30.97 52.76
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.55 5.97 6.23 0.09
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.83 15.00 50.96 37.27
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 18.10 8.23 34.97 16.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
46.19 42.74 37.64 48.17
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.02 16.66 45.20 33.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.43 13.69 39.24 25.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.32 62.18 62.28 70.21
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.77 2.56 4.65 1.15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.68 4.67 6.53 1.73
     Alcohol Dependence 2.76 1.67 5.54 2.41
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.08 4.83 13.65 4.91
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.40 7.14 16.46 5.83
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.22 4.25 5.94 1.28
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.81 4.65 13.20 4.65
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.578 -- 14.09 8.78
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ALASKA

Table 3. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Alaska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 60 9 17 34
     Past Year Marijuana Use 83 13 24 46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 49 8 15 26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 20 4 5 11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 12 2 5 5
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 138 18 11 109
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 6 4 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 255 11 38 206
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 116 8 26 82
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
204 24 18 161
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 154 11 30 112
     Past Month Cigarette Use 129 9 28 92
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
352 46 41 265
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 16 4 5 6
     Alcohol Dependence 19 2 4 13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 43 4 12 27
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 52 7 15 31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 16 4 5 7
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 39 4 11 24
     Serious Mental Illness8 378 -- 8 29
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ALASKA

Table 4. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Alaska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 12.01 13.34 27.29 9.17
     Past Year Marijuana Use 16.65 18.87 38.90 12.46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.78 11.08 23.99 7.14
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.00 5.39 8.51 2.97
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.40 2.44 8.37 1.38
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.54 25.38 17.53 29.65
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.68 7.77 8.43 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.89 15.90 59.83 55.92
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.13 11.42 41.22 22.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.78 35.13 29.24 43.78
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.73 16.39 48.43 30.42
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.71 13.25 43.97 24.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.30 66.56 65.46 71.83
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.08 3.33 6.00 1.18
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.13 6.31 8.57 1.62
     Alcohol Dependence 3.75 2.33 7.09 3.45
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.63 6.15 18.79 7.37
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.41 9.45 23.91 8.31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.13 5.55 8.08 1.83
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.76 5.37 18.23 6.44
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.468 -- 12.76 7.74
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ARIZONA

Table 5. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Arizona, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 392 61 114 217
     Past Year Marijuana Use 463 82 166 215
     Past Month Marijuana Use 251 38 91 122
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 206 35 54 117
     Past Year Cocaine Use 153 16 51 86
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,790 169 159 1,462
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 45 25 18 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,217 91 352 1,774
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,075 58 250 767
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,746 179 203 1,365
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,345 73 240 1,032
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,215 62 234 919
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,213 313 427 2,473
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 88 18 35 34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 148 33 49 66
     Alcohol Dependence 173 16 48 110
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 411 36 117 258
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 488 52 141 295
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 142 32 47 62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 399 35 113 251
     Serious Mental Illness8 3748 -- 83 291
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ARIZONA

Table 6. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Arizona, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.87 12.61 18.88 6.53
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.48 16.96 27.54 6.46
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.68 7.74 15.18 3.67
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.66 7.22 8.98 3.51
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.45 3.24 8.53 2.57
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.53 34.76 26.48 43.90
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.73 6.42 6.01 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.20 18.69 58.45 53.29
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.32 11.94 41.43 23.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.54 36.77 33.66 41.00
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.45 15.11 39.80 31.00
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.51 12.84 38.85 27.60
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.74 64.39 70.87 74.29
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.98 3.77 5.88 1.02
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.35 6.83 8.15 1.98
     Alcohol Dependence 3.91 3.20 7.94 3.29
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.29 7.38 19.36 7.75
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.04 10.62 23.42 8.87
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.21 6.65 7.80 1.88
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.02 7.16 18.75 7.54
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.518 -- 13.77 8.75
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ARKANSAS

Table 7. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Arkansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 173 27 64 83
     Past Year Marijuana Use 228 37 87 104
     Past Month Marijuana Use 126 19 50 57
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 87 15 28 44
     Past Year Cocaine Use 48 4 18 26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,041 92 84 864
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 24 13 10 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 865 39 162 664
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 484 26 120 337
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
963 96 109 758
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 874 46 169 660
     Past Month Cigarette Use 730 37 154 539
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,509 143 183 1,182
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 43 7 16 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 66 12 24 30
     Alcohol Dependence 73 5 21 47
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 168 14 53 101
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 203 21 65 116
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 60 11 23 26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 163 14 52 97
     Serious Mental Illness8 2008 -- 43 156
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ARKANSAS

Table 8. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Arkansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.78 11.72 21.05 4.89
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.22 15.76 28.89 6.15
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.63 7.97 16.48 3.39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.92 6.54 9.24 2.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.17 1.86 6.05 1.52
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 46.86 39.51 27.94 51.23
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 6.67 7.11 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 38.93 16.71 53.79 39.34
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.76 11.31 39.76 19.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.34 41.25 35.99 44.93
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 39.35 19.57 55.88 39.12
     Past Month Cigarette Use 32.84 16.05 50.97 31.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.91 61.55 60.58 70.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.95 2.97 5.29 1.22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.96 5.13 7.94 1.77
     Alcohol Dependence 3.29 2.34 6.90 2.77
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.57 6.15 17.59 5.98
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.10 9.02 21.53 6.90
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.67 4.78 7.51 1.52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.33 6.08 17.14 5.76
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.028 -- 14.35 9.26
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

C

41005

CALIFORNIA

Table 9. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in California, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 2,564 359 738 1,467
     Past Year Marijuana Use 3,222 443 1,109 1,670
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,850 241 631 978
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 1,122 182 275 665
     Past Year Cocaine Use 723 53 259 410
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 10,423 1,032 1,000 8,391
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 301 158 126 17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 14,503 480 2,176 11,847
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 6,047 288 1,388 4,371
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
12,938 1,218 1,452 10,268
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 6,388 290 1,377 4,721
     Past Month Cigarette Use 5,508 235 1,245 4,028
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
21,859 2,107 2,842 16,910
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 533 82 204 247
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 855 155 306 393
     Alcohol Dependence 968 59 239 670
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 2,053 173 581 1,298
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2,561 260 760 1,541
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 798 144 287 367
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,978 159 570 1,249
     Serious Mental Illness8 2,0798 -- 520 1,559
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

CALIFORNIA

Table 10. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in California, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.01 11.44 18.83 6.86
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.33 14.11 28.29 7.81
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.50 7.66 16.09 4.57
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.94 5.79 7.02 3.11
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.54 1.70 6.61 1.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.63 32.86 25.51 39.22
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.79 5.88 6.27 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.97 15.28 55.53 55.38
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.25 9.16 35.41 20.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.47 38.79 37.05 48.00
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 22.45 9.22 35.14 22.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 19.36 7.48 31.77 18.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
76.82 67.07 72.52 79.05
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.88 2.62 5.22 1.15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.01 4.93 7.82 1.84
     Alcohol Dependence 3.40 1.87 6.11 3.13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.22 5.51 14.83 6.07
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.00 8.27 19.40 7.21
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.81 4.57 7.33 1.72
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.95 5.05 14.54 5.84
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.218 -- 13.26 7.29
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

COLORADO

Table 11. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Colorado, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 410 53 126 231
     Past Year Marijuana Use 556 75 181 300
     Past Month Marijuana Use 313 38 107 168
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 172 25 48 99
     Past Year Cocaine Use 144 10 51 83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,057 112 86 858
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 42 23 16 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,177 80 340 1,758
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 948 43 231 674
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,411 125 140 1,146
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,150 67 247 836
     Past Month Cigarette Use 985 53 220 712
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,585 246 303 2,036
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 74 11 32 32
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 119 19 50 50
     Alcohol Dependence 138 10 38 90
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 339 26 102 211
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 398 36 124 239
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 112 18 48 46
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 315 24 99 192
     Serious Mental Illness8 2858 -- 68 217
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

COLORADO

Table 12. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Colorado, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 11.12 13.83 25.52 8.24
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.08 19.55 36.57 10.73
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.49 9.82 21.67 6.01
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.67 6.47 9.80 3.53
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.90 2.64 10.29 2.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.74 28.97 17.51 30.67
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.31 7.59 8.10 0.20
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.22 20.63 68.89 62.79
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.75 11.04 46.73 24.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.39 32.48 28.41 40.94
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.24 17.44 49.95 29.86
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.76 13.74 44.56 25.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.29 63.77 61.30 72.75
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.01 2.78 6.46 1.13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.23 5.02 10.20 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.73 2.51 7.74 3.20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.20 6.71 20.66 7.54
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.81 9.24 25.03 8.55
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.04 4.72 9.68 1.66
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.55 6.24 20.00 6.87
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.668 -- 13.83 7.76
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

CONNECTICUT

Table 13. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Connecticut, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 249 37 83 130
     Past Year Marijuana Use 336 52 125 158
     Past Month Marijuana Use 198 27 76 94
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 93 16 24 53
     Past Year Cocaine Use 61 5 23 33
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 981 82 58 841
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 34 20 11 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,653 56 234 1,364
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 659 33 156 470
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,137 107 89 942
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 772 45 149 578
     Past Month Cigarette Use 678 40 134 504
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,074 191 218 1,665
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 53 9 20 25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 82 16 30 36
     Alcohol Dependence 84 6 21 58
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 197 16 61 120
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 251 26 73 151
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 80 15 26 39
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 184 15 59 110
     Serious Mental Illness8 2078 -- 43 164
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

CONNECTICUT

Table 14. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Connecticut, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.75 12.43 25.58 5.82
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.78 17.58 38.82 7.09
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.94 9.22 23.62 4.22
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.25 5.35 7.57 2.35
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.13 1.82 7.02 1.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.36 27.71 17.99 37.62
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.03 8.31 8.22 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.93 18.88 72.28 61.02
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.09 11.18 48.14 21.04
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.85 36.18 27.52 42.12
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.06 15.19 46.14 25.86
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.78 13.45 41.56 22.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.67 64.74 67.32 74.49
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.86 2.89 6.08 1.11
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.88 5.41 9.20 1.62
     Alcohol Dependence 2.96 1.88 6.60 2.57
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.90 5.39 18.87 5.36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.80 8.95 22.74 6.76
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.81 5.05 8.19 1.73
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.44 5.24 18.16 4.90
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.118 -- 13.32 7.35
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

D

41005

DELAWARE

Table 15. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Delaware, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 58 9 23 27
     Past Year Marijuana Use 78 12 29 36
     Past Month Marijuana Use 46 6 19 20
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 26 4 9 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 18 1 7 11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 254 20 20 214
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 355 12 55 287
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 159 7 38 114
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
265 26 26 213
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 197 11 41 146
     Past Month Cigarette Use 174 9 38 127
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
478 42 57 379
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 13 2 5 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 20 3 7 10
     Alcohol Dependence 23 1 7 15
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 51 4 16 31
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 62 6 19 37
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 17 3 6 8
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 47 4 15 29
     Serious Mental Illness8 548 -- 11 42
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

DELAWARE

Table 16. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Delaware, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.74 13.54 25.77 5.19
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.65 18.20 33.24 7.09
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.89 9.41 22.06 3.96
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.91 6.02 10.12 2.58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.76 1.61 7.38 2.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.95 30.07 22.13 41.69
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.89 7.94 7.21 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.06 18.35 62.71 55.89
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.71 10.46 42.89 22.12
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.62 39.63 29.37 41.39
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.52 16.30 46.47 28.32
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.09 14.07 42.69 24.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.47 63.20 64.70 73.70
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.98 2.87 5.65 1.23
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.03 5.26 8.03 1.89
     Alcohol Dependence 3.43 1.93 7.50 2.93
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.65 5.76 18.17 6.08
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.29 8.74 21.46 7.26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.60 4.50 6.70 1.65
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.09 5.50 17.19 5.56
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.928 -- 13.01 8.22
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 17. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in District of Columbia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 56 4 19 32
     Past Year Marijuana Use 72 5 28 40
     Past Month Marijuana Use 46 2 18 26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 20 1 5 13
     Past Year Cocaine Use 17 0 3 14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 161 9 14 138
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 2 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 272 4 49 218
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 122 2 29 91
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
218 15 27 176
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 140 3 28 109
     Past Month Cigarette Use 125 2 24 98
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
359 21 55 284
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 14 1 5 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 19 1 6 11
     Alcohol Dependence 23 0 5 18
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 44 1 12 31
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 57 2 16 39
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 14 1 6 7
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 43 1 12 30
     Serious Mental Illness8 388 -- 10 29
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

Table 18. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in District of Columbia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 11.59 11.54 26.23 8.71
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.09 14.83 37.61 10.68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.60 7.43 24.14 6.93
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.06 4.22 6.65 3.54
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.58 0.65 4.55 3.65
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.64 28.14 19.51 36.90
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.96 6.89 8.17 0.17
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.69 13.02 67.17 58.52
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.34 5.62 39.25 24.35
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.47 43.87 37.24 47.24
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.21 9.53 37.39 29.34
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.12 7.10 33.26 26.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
74.89 61.87 74.31 76.17
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.95 2.06 6.26 2.37
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.96 4.30 8.72 2.99
     Alcohol Dependence 4.81 1.44 6.76 4.73
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.20 3.00 16.26 8.37
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.87 5.95 21.16 10.56
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.02 3.80 8.13 1.94
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.88 2.48 16.09 8.03
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.598 -- 13.32 7.66
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

F

41005

FLORIDA

Table 19. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Florida, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 1,218 154 336 729
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,588 217 470 900
     Past Month Marijuana Use 919 115 279 526
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 518 70 133 316
     Past Year Cocaine Use 354 26 108 220
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,960 464 424 5,071
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 138 77 52 8
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 7,335 234 940 6,162
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,040 128 615 2,298
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,209 539 592 5,079
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,937 193 655 3,089
     Past Month Cigarette Use 3,355 165 579 2,610
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
10,197 849 1,090 8,258
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 283 43 92 148
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 436 78 133 226
     Alcohol Dependence 407 24 102 281
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 959 73 266 620
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,230 119 336 776
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 395 70 122 203
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 904 66 259 578
     Serious Mental Illness8 1,0048 -- 203 801
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

FLORIDA

Table 20. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Florida, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.72 11.42 21.32 6.58
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.36 16.13 29.83 8.13
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.58 8.52 17.68 4.75
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.70 5.17 8.41 2.85
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.53 1.94 6.83 1.99
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.60 34.48 26.92 45.82
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.58 6.75 6.44 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.44 17.35 59.66 55.68
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.74 9.50 39.02 20.76
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.38 40.02 37.54 45.89
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.14 14.34 41.55 27.91
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.99 12.26 36.75 23.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.89 63.06 69.14 74.62
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.02 3.20 5.83 1.34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.12 5.77 8.41 2.04
     Alcohol Dependence 2.91 1.79 6.45 2.54
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.86 5.40 16.89 5.60
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.80 8.85 21.29 7.01
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.83 5.20 7.76 1.83
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.47 4.93 16.46 5.22
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.948 -- 12.86 7.24
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

G

41005

GEORGIA

Table 21. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Georgia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 520 78 166 276
     Past Year Marijuana Use 663 106 226 331
     Past Month Marijuana Use 340 51 123 165
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 274 41 76 156
     Past Year Cocaine Use 170 13 50 108
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,046 264 290 2,493
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 69 40 26 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,177 113 493 2,571
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,430 61 319 1,049
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,250 319 363 2,568
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,129 118 395 1,617
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,779 96 335 1,348
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,956 483 637 3,836
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 128 20 37 71
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 198 37 60 101
     Alcohol Dependence 220 12 50 158
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 508 36 141 331
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 628 58 180 390
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 176 36 56 84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 488 35 141 311
     Serious Mental Illness8 6028 -- 129 473
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

GEORGIA

Table 22. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Georgia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.54 10.43 17.51 5.31
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.61 14.20 23.85 6.36
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.93 6.87 13.01 3.18
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.97 5.54 8.05 3.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.47 1.68 5.26 2.08
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.17 35.25 30.63 47.92
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.61 5.93 4.76 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.07 15.09 52.19 49.41
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.73 8.20 33.73 20.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.12 42.61 38.37 49.36
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.88 15.79 41.74 31.07
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.80 12.83 35.48 25.91
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.86 64.49 67.39 73.73
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.86 2.73 3.89 1.37
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.88 4.93 6.35 1.95
     Alcohol Dependence 3.19 1.65 5.26 3.04
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.37 4.78 14.90 6.37
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.11 7.82 19.07 7.49
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.55 4.79 5.92 1.62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.07 4.68 14.94 5.99
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.798 -- 13.66 9.08
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

H

41005

HAWAII

Table 23. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Hawaii, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 88 14 24 50
     Past Year Marijuana Use 115 19 37 59
     Past Month Marijuana Use 69 11 21 37
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 34 7 9 19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 17 2 7 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 338 31 30 277
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 11 6 5 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 481 19 72 390
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 234 12 50 171
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
394 40 40 313
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 243 13 45 186
     Past Month Cigarette Use 217 9 42 166
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
703 68 84 551
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 17 3 7 7
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 27 6 10 11
     Alcohol Dependence 35 3 9 23
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 74 7 22 45
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 91 10 29 52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 26 6 9 11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 72 6 22 44
     Serious Mental Illness8 648 -- 15 49
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

HAWAII

Table 24. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Hawaii, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.90 13.97 19.31 6.56
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.56 18.09 30.20 7.70
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.95 10.23 17.00 4.90
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.46 6.53 6.93 2.49
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.76 1.70 5.52 1.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.25 29.60 24.59 36.43
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.98 7.02 8.90 0.07
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.71 17.96 58.57 51.28
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.68 11.93 41.12 22.47
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.86 38.93 32.94 41.09
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 24.62 12.33 36.59 24.37
     Past Month Cigarette Use 21.97 8.78 34.32 21.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.12 65.39 68.38 72.33
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.70 2.87 5.39 0.96
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.75 5.77 8.13 1.48
     Alcohol Dependence 3.52 2.87 7.21 3.02
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.52 6.42 18.14 5.97
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.15 9.95 23.25 6.79
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.63 5.47 7.73 1.43
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.31 6.19 17.85 5.79
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.188 -- 12.19 6.38
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

I

41005

IDAHO

Table 25. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Idaho, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 79 14 26 39
     Past Year Marijuana Use 101 19 40 42
     Past Month Marijuana Use 55 10 21 25
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 41 7 12 21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 18 2 8 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 420 47 43 329
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 12 7 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 518 22 88 408
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 229 15 59 155
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
434 48 50 336
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 305 19 71 216
     Past Month Cigarette Use 260 16 64 180
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
785 84 113 589
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 19 4 8 8
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 32 8 13 12
     Alcohol Dependence 40 4 12 24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 92 10 30 52
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 106 14 35 57
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 30 7 12 11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 89 10 30 50
     Serious Mental Illness8 1008 -- 25 75
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

IDAHO

Table 26. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Idaho, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.24 11.02 15.80 4.86
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.26 14.63 24.37 5.27
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.09 7.92 12.47 3.10
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.73 5.66 7.42 2.65
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.64 1.80 5.03 0.92
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.60 36.63 26.41 41.44
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.93 6.36 5.43 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.70 17.37 53.62 51.34
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.05 11.57 36.12 19.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.96 37.53 30.42 42.33
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.09 14.70 43.08 27.13
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.95 12.48 39.02 22.68
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.24 65.57 68.57 74.08
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.79 3.18 4.67 0.97
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.93 6.02 7.66 1.46
     Alcohol Dependence 3.66 2.83 7.23 3.06
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.45 7.79 18.37 6.51
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.75 10.91 21.24 7.19
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.75 5.82 7.21 1.34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.18 7.69 18.00 6.23
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.458 -- 15.35 9.43
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ILLINOIS

Table 27. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Illinois, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 772 117 279 375
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,027 156 409 462
     Past Month Marijuana Use 576 82 241 253
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 339 56 104 179
     Past Year Cocaine Use 251 18 90 143
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,967 360 316 3,291
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 109 58 46 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,322 202 886 4,234
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,590 127 646 1,817
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
4,184 414 435 3,335
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,180 162 645 2,373
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,754 141 590 2,023
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
7,159 699 882 5,578
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 195 35 69 90
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 289 58 106 124
     Alcohol Dependence 383 24 105 254
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 899 66 269 564
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,040 98 322 619
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 255 54 96 105
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 855 63 262 530
     Serious Mental Illness8 7158 -- 162 553
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

ILLINOIS

Table 28. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Illinois, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.50 10.83 20.22 4.80
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.99 14.46 29.61 5.90
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.60 7.61 17.43 3.23
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.30 5.22 7.50 2.29
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 1.67 6.53 1.82
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.54 33.22 22.90 42.05
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.76 6.24 6.87 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.71 18.65 64.16 54.10
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.17 11.70 46.77 23.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.66 38.28 31.51 42.61
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.91 14.97 46.68 30.33
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.77 13.00 42.75 25.85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.57 64.55 63.86 71.28
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.89 3.26 5.00 1.15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.81 5.36 7.69 1.59
     Alcohol Dependence 3.73 2.25 7.59 3.25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.74 6.08 19.49 7.21
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.11 9.05 23.32 7.92
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.48 5.01 6.96 1.34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.31 5.84 18.98 6.77
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.778 -- 11.76 7.07
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

INDIANA

Table 29. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Indiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 407 55 146 207
     Past Year Marijuana Use 521 76 200 245
     Past Month Marijuana Use 309 40 121 148
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 180 31 58 90
     Past Year Cocaine Use 130 11 51 68
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,108 198 171 1,739
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 53 25 24 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,347 87 435 1,824
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,122 53 318 751
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,151 218 217 1,715
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,667 91 347 1,228
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,427 78 317 1,033
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,480 348 449 2,683
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 93 15 37 42
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 143 25 56 62
     Alcohol Dependence 160 12 53 96
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 398 34 135 230
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 470 48 163 259
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 127 22 49 56
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 361 30 128 203
     Serious Mental Illness8 4108 -- 101 308
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

INDIANA

Table 30. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Indiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.07 10.15 20.67 5.45
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.33 13.95 28.44 6.48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.12 7.37 17.19 3.91
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.56 5.69 8.30 2.39
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.57 2.00 7.20 1.80
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.91 36.55 24.32 45.90
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.71 5.48 7.54 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.60 16.04 61.78 48.16
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.27 9.82 45.11 19.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.73 40.32 30.82 45.27
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.09 16.84 49.30 32.42
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.33 14.39 44.94 27.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.12 64.18 63.69 70.82
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.85 2.80 5.21 1.10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.84 4.68 7.88 1.64
     Alcohol Dependence 3.17 2.19 7.47 2.52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.90 6.21 19.19 6.06
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.32 8.81 23.20 6.84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.52 4.14 6.96 1.47
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.15 5.51 18.15 5.36
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.118 -- 14.37 8.14
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

IOWA

Table 31. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Iowa, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 158 23 55 80
     Past Year Marijuana Use 228 33 91 104
     Past Month Marijuana Use 120 17 46 56
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 77 11 26 41
     Past Year Cocaine Use 54 5 23 27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,081 100 94 887
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 27 12 14 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,354 50 236 1,067
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 644 34 172 438
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
836 78 91 667
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 755 40 171 544
     Past Month Cigarette Use 647 35 147 464
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,610 153 211 1,246
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 39 6 16 17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 62 12 23 27
     Alcohol Dependence 77 7 24 46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 202 19 69 114
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 232 23 78 130
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 58 10 21 26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 187 17 64 106
     Serious Mental Illness8 1758 -- 48 127
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

IOWA

Table 32. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Iowa, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.47 9.22 15.80 4.33
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.32 13.39 25.88 5.63
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.90 7.10 13.14 3.04
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.17 4.37 7.35 2.21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.23 2.18 6.43 1.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.24 40.63 26.80 48.03
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.62 5.37 7.15 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.37 20.18 67.28 57.79
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.34 13.85 48.87 23.72
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
34.19 31.78 25.92 36.09
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.88 16.34 48.67 29.44
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.45 14.27 41.91 25.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
65.85 61.99 60.18 67.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.61 2.53 4.51 0.94
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.52 4.81 6.61 1.44
     Alcohol Dependence 3.15 2.71 6.94 2.49
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.25 7.56 19.67 6.18
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.47 9.51 22.21 7.04
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.36 4.18 6.00 1.43
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.64 7.01 18.20 5.72
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.978 -- 13.75 6.88
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

K

41005

KANSAS

Table 33. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Kansas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 149 22 53 73
     Past Year Marijuana Use 200 32 81 87
     Past Month Marijuana Use 108 18 44 46
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 68 11 21 36
     Past Year Cocaine Use 49 4 20 24
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 945 94 77 774
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 25 11 12 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,079 47 210 822
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 479 28 145 306
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
898 93 90 715
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 689 38 146 506
     Past Month Cigarette Use 573 34 127 412
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,558 145 203 1,209
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 37 6 15 16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 56 10 21 24
     Alcohol Dependence 64 4 22 38
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 158 12 59 86
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 184 18 66 100
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 48 9 20 19
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 151 12 57 83
     Serious Mental Illness8 1798 -- 44 136
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

KANSAS

Table 34. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Kansas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.74 9.33 16.67 4.43
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.08 13.24 25.44 5.29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.91 7.39 13.92 2.79
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.11 4.49 6.66 2.21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.21 1.80 6.31 1.48
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.85 38.79 24.23 47.07
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.70 5.13 7.68 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 48.92 19.41 65.89 49.96
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.71 11.56 45.26 18.63
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
40.70 38.43 28.12 43.47
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.24 15.57 45.68 30.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.95 13.95 39.62 25.06
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.61 60.16 63.55 73.52
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.67 2.66 4.66 0.95
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.52 4.35 6.66 1.44
     Alcohol Dependence 2.88 1.81 6.81 2.28
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.14 5.12 18.49 5.24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.33 7.33 20.75 6.07
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.20 3.88 6.29 1.16
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.85 4.98 17.70 5.02
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.138 -- 13.70 8.24
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

KENTUCKY

Table 35. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Kentucky, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 282 38 84 160
     Past Year Marijuana Use 349 53 119 177
     Past Month Marijuana Use 191 27 64 99
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 148 22 45 82
     Past Year Cocaine Use 87 7 30 50
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,418 127 119 1,172
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 33 19 13 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,375 61 264 1,049
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 652 36 177 439
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,435 128 154 1,153
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,348 76 268 1,004
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,178 58 241 879
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,116 193 244 1,679
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 65 11 22 31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 95 17 34 44
     Alcohol Dependence 95 6 27 62
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 209 17 67 125
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 272 27 86 160
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 87 16 32 39
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 200 17 64 119
     Serious Mental Illness8 3078 -- 69 238
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

KENTUCKY

Table 36. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Kentucky, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.33 11.70 18.43 6.15
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.30 16.32 26.21 6.78
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.62 8.16 14.15 3.82
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.38 6.67 9.83 3.14
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.56 2.05 6.59 1.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.86 38.83 26.11 44.97
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.67 6.95 6.29 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.57 18.75 58.07 40.27
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.24 11.08 38.83 16.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.34 39.08 33.87 44.23
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 39.78 23.18 58.88 38.54
     Past Month Cigarette Use 34.77 17.62 53.06 33.74
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
62.46 58.90 53.67 64.43
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 3.31 4.94 1.21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.80 5.24 7.41 1.69
     Alcohol Dependence 2.81 1.92 5.98 2.37
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.16 5.26 14.67 4.80
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.04 8.27 18.86 6.13
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.56 5.02 6.98 1.49
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.90 5.21 14.15 4.55
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.048 -- 15.12 9.15
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

L

41005

LOUISIANA

Table 37. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Louisiana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 292 44 110 138
     Past Year Marijuana Use 355 53 148 154
     Past Month Marijuana Use 209 28 92 89
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 153 25 47 81
     Past Year Cocaine Use 100 7 29 65
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,652 154 136 1,361
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 43 20 21 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,671 79 330 1,262
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 859 44 217 597
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,583 162 191 1,230
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,181 72 259 850
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,021 61 228 732
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,447 241 340 1,866
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 78 11 27 40
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 121 21 41 59
     Alcohol Dependence 140 11 40 89
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 288 24 94 169
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 351 35 112 203
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 104 17 36 51
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 265 21 90 155
     Serious Mental Illness8 2898 -- 75 213
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

LOUISIANA

Table 38. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Louisiana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.07 10.76 20.54 5.17
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.82 13.02 27.52 5.78
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.77 6.92 17.04 3.33
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.24 6.14 8.78 3.04
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.78 1.65 5.38 2.42
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.73 37.94 25.31 51.01
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.76 5.64 7.91 0.09
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 46.27 19.35 61.41 47.30
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.77 10.87 40.36 22.39
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.83 39.89 35.50 46.10
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.70 17.58 48.21 31.87
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.27 15.01 42.36 27.45
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.74 59.33 63.25 69.92
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.17 2.67 5.07 1.51
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.34 5.07 7.63 2.21
     Alcohol Dependence 3.87 2.67 7.50 3.32
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.95 5.97 17.56 6.33
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.70 8.67 20.91 7.60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.89 4.25 6.77 1.90
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.34 5.09 16.67 5.81
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.018 -- 14.02 8.00
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

M

41005

MAINE

Table 39. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Maine, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 103 14 33 57
     Past Year Marijuana Use 137 20 49 68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 88 11 30 46
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 42 6 13 23
     Past Year Cocaine Use 26 2 11 13
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 347 29 19 299
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 13 8 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 579 18 87 473
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 241 12 58 171
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
402 36 32 334
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 347 15 66 267
     Past Month Cigarette Use 297 13 57 227
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
768 70 81 617
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 19 3 8 8
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 33 6 13 14
     Alcohol Dependence 37 3 11 24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 81 6 24 51
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 98 10 28 60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 32 6 12 14
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 73 6 23 45
     Serious Mental Illness8 988 -- 22 76
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MAINE

Table 40. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Maine, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.31 12.58 25.20 6.52
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.34 18.76 37.34 7.80
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.95 10.56 23.22 5.33
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.82 5.36 10.00 2.70
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.30 2.18 8.05 1.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.33 26.71 14.91 34.37
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.20 8.31 10.35 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.17 16.55 66.76 54.44
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.74 11.12 44.67 19.64
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.26 32.80 24.59 38.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.33 13.55 50.44 30.69
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.82 12.16 43.89 26.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.25 64.49 61.95 70.94
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.74 2.90 6.39 0.90
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.94 5.66 9.78 1.57
     Alcohol Dependence 3.33 2.36 8.12 2.73
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.31 5.59 18.26 5.88
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.81 9.07 21.37 6.89
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.84 5.35 8.95 1.61
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.59 5.43 17.24 5.15
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.798 -- 16.55 8.78
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MARYLAND

Table 41. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Maryland, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 338 51 118 168
     Past Year Marijuana Use 470 70 163 237
     Past Month Marijuana Use 255 38 104 113
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 154 23 41 89
     Past Year Cocaine Use 91 7 26 59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,597 147 121 1,330
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 50 28 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,449 82 344 2,022
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 968 45 213 710
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,877 185 188 1,504
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,214 61 226 928
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,039 53 193 793
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,216 311 343 2,562
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 89 14 31 44
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 135 25 49 61
     Alcohol Dependence 162 9 33 120
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 337 26 86 226
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 410 39 108 263
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 119 24 46 50
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 317 25 81 211
     Serious Mental Illness8 3208 -- 68 252
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MARYLAND

Table 42. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Maryland, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.57 10.76 22.02 4.85
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.54 14.75 30.31 6.84
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.73 7.87 19.43 3.27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 4.87 7.66 2.58
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.05 1.38 4.80 1.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.62 30.86 22.51 38.35
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.86 6.67 7.16 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.67 17.14 64.21 58.34
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.65 9.43 39.77 20.48
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.88 38.85 35.09 43.37
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 27.13 12.70 42.05 26.76
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.22 11.08 35.91 22.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.76 65.27 63.95 73.89
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.00 2.95 5.85 1.26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.02 5.22 9.15 1.75
     Alcohol Dependence 3.63 1.94 6.20 3.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.55 5.37 15.98 6.52
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.19 8.20 20.17 7.59
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.68 4.96 8.62 1.43
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.09 5.19 15.17 6.08
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.028 -- 12.70 7.28
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 43. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 500 71 185 244
     Past Year Marijuana Use 832 102 257 472
     Past Month Marijuana Use 420 54 165 201
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 196 33 69 94
     Past Year Cocaine Use 153 10 53 90
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,443 136 101 1,206
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 57 31 22 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,207 107 464 2,637
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,465 72 316 1,077
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,866 173 162 1,531
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,404 73 286 1,045
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,207 59 258 889
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,066 342 476 3,248
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 131 18 56 57
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 196 33 77 86
     Alcohol Dependence 213 15 50 148
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 463 37 124 301
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 577 55 162 359
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 168 31 70 67
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 423 36 122 265
     Serious Mental Illness8 4268 -- 99 328
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MASSACHUSETTS

Table 44. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Massachusetts, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.28 13.94 27.46 5.81
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.45 20.15 38.19 11.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.80 10.53 24.54 4.79
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.63 6.40 10.20 2.25
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.85 2.05 7.88 2.14
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 26.82 26.76 15.07 28.70
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.06 7.74 8.17 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.59 21.04 68.94 62.75
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 27.22 14.19 46.98 25.64
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
34.67 34.03 24.06 36.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.09 14.37 42.53 24.88
     Past Month Cigarette Use 22.42 11.69 38.40 21.16
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.55 67.22 70.84 77.31
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.43 3.46 8.33 1.36
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.63 6.44 11.41 2.05
     Alcohol Dependence 3.95 2.89 7.45 3.52
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.60 7.35 18.47 7.18
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.71 10.82 24.13 8.55
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.12 6.08 10.41 1.60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.86 7.15 18.08 6.31
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.748 -- 14.66 7.80
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MICHIGAN

Table 45. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Michigan, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 750 115 232 404
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,045 153 353 539
     Past Month Marijuana Use 596 83 202 312
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 300 58 85 157
     Past Year Cocaine Use 215 19 68 128
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,979 291 220 2,469
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 94 51 39 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,457 172 724 3,561
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,026 108 486 1,433
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,293 341 319 2,632
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,698 142 520 2,036
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,336 122 467 1,747
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
5,874 573 699 4,602
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 159 30 56 73
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 247 55 82 110
     Alcohol Dependence 315 20 84 210
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 701 57 200 444
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 832 88 238 507
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 215 53 79 84
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 667 56 189 422
     Serious Mental Illness8 6218 -- 137 483
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MICHIGAN

Table 46. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Michigan, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.06 12.80 21.22 6.42
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.61 17.03 32.38 8.55
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.20 9.23 18.49 4.95
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.62 6.44 7.76 2.50
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.59 2.08 6.26 2.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 35.94 32.43 20.12 39.19
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.06 6.78 7.66 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.78 19.23 66.30 56.54
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.46 12.06 44.49 22.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.74 38.10 29.27 41.79
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.56 15.89 47.64 32.32
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.19 13.59 42.81 27.74
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.89 64.02 64.00 73.07
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 3.34 5.16 1.16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.99 6.16 7.52 1.75
     Alcohol Dependence 3.80 2.26 7.73 3.34
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.46 6.42 18.29 7.05
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.05 9.80 21.81 8.04
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.60 5.88 7.19 1.33
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.05 6.22 17.31 6.70
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.408 -- 12.58 7.68
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MINNESOTA

Table 47. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Minnesota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 317 52 110 155
     Past Year Marijuana Use 476 77 174 225
     Past Month Marijuana Use 266 40 100 126
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 134 24 41 69
     Past Year Cocaine Use 105 10 43 52
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,299 132 104 1,063
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 48 26 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,439 87 405 1,947
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,172 59 285 827
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,517 163 141 1,213
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,312 79 294 939
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,122 70 276 776
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,909 282 345 2,281
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 74 15 29 30
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 115 26 43 47
     Alcohol Dependence 149 11 44 94
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 376 32 120 223
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 441 47 141 253
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 107 24 40 43
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 340 29 113 198
     Serious Mental Illness8 3298 -- 76 253
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MINNESOTA

Table 48. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Minnesota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.59 11.59 19.28 4.91
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.40 17.30 30.34 7.13
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.37 8.92 17.49 4.00
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.21 5.27 7.23 2.19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.51 2.35 7.47 1.64
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.11 29.53 18.15 33.69
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.06 6.86 7.15 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.45 19.54 70.68 61.73
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.07 13.27 49.84 26.22
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.35 36.49 24.65 38.45
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.44 17.69 51.31 29.78
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.87 15.67 48.22 24.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.68 63.18 60.26 72.32
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.76 3.42 5.02 0.94
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.75 5.73 7.45 1.48
     Alcohol Dependence 3.56 2.57 7.62 2.97
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.01 7.24 20.99 7.08
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.57 10.60 24.61 8.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.57 5.46 6.97 1.36
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.14 6.55 19.75 6.26
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.828 -- 13.31 8.01
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MISSISSIPPI

Table 49. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Mississippi, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 152 27 57 68
     Past Year Marijuana Use 185 28 77 80
     Past Month Marijuana Use 107 16 45 47
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 83 16 26 41
     Past Year Cocaine Use 47 3 15 30
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,139 99 109 930
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 11 11 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 821 38 175 609
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 455 22 112 321
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,153 114 145 894
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 820 43 166 611
     Past Month Cigarette Use 680 33 144 502
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,585 153 219 1,214
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 43 6 15 21
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 66 11 24 31
     Alcohol Dependence 72 4 18 51
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 149 10 48 91
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 183 16 61 106
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 58 10 22 26
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 143 9 48 86
     Serious Mental Illness8 1798 -- 47 131
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MISSISSIPPI

Table 50. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Mississippi, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.56 10.59 16.33 3.98
     Past Year Marijuana Use 7.98 11.01 22.06 4.68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.64 6.04 12.99 2.74
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.60 6.26 7.39 2.43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.05 1.18 4.18 1.75
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 49.33 38.60 31.44 54.57
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.43 4.55 5.33 0.09
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 35.54 14.72 50.24 35.72
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.70 8.52 32.24 18.86
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
49.91 44.09 41.78 52.44
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.49 16.57 47.77 35.87
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.41 12.83 41.57 29.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.63 59.22 62.94 71.20
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.84 2.49 4.25 1.25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.85 4.23 6.79 1.84
     Alcohol Dependence 3.11 1.37 5.05 2.98
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.46 3.78 13.96 5.35
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.91 6.29 17.46 6.22
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.52 3.92 6.26 1.55
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.17 3.47 13.69 5.06
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.708 -- 13.61 7.71
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MISSOURI

Table 51. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Missouri, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 429 49 134 245
     Past Year Marijuana Use 557 79 198 280
     Past Month Marijuana Use 316 37 117 163
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 194 27 56 112
     Past Year Cocaine Use 136 10 45 80
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,713 167 145 1,402
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 54 30 21 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,485 97 406 1,983
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,147 62 276 809
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,791 180 182 1,429
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,713 103 325 1,285
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,472 88 299 1,085
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,177 304 386 2,487
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 88 14 35 38
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 140 25 54 62
     Alcohol Dependence 148 9 48 91
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 369 31 124 213
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 448 45 149 254
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 130 23 50 57
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 357 30 121 205
     Serious Mental Illness8 4348 -- 100 334
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MISSOURI

Table 52. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Missouri, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.17 10.05 21.37 6.90
     Past Year Marijuana Use 11.91 16.15 31.48 7.87
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.76 7.43 18.55 4.59
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.16 5.40 8.91 3.15
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.90 2.03 7.19 2.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.69 33.96 22.99 39.49
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.02 7.10 7.26 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.21 19.67 64.52 55.85
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.56 12.61 43.89 22.80
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
38.35 36.71 28.92 40.25
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 36.69 21.01 51.76 36.19
     Past Month Cigarette Use 31.51 17.88 47.59 30.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.02 61.78 61.37 70.06
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.88 2.94 5.55 1.08
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.01 5.13 8.54 1.74
     Alcohol Dependence 3.17 1.87 7.60 2.57
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.89 6.34 19.76 6.01
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.58 9.19 23.72 7.14
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.78 4.66 8.01 1.60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.63 6.09 19.32 5.78
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.398 -- 15.98 9.40
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MONTANA

Table 53. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Montana, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 81 13 23 45
     Past Year Marijuana Use 106 17 36 52
     Past Month Marijuana Use 70 10 21 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 29 6 7 16
     Past Year Cocaine Use 19 2 8 9
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 254 23 19 212
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 6 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 423 20 72 331
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 209 15 53 142
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
277 26 25 226
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 261 17 56 188
     Past Month Cigarette Use 212 13 46 152
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
545 53 69 423
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 14 3 6 6
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 24 6 9 10
     Alcohol Dependence 34 4 10 20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 82 9 24 48
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 92 12 27 52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 22 5 8 9
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 76 8 23 44
     Serious Mental Illness8 678 -- 16 51
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

MONTANA

Table 54. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Montana, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.58 15.57 22.34 7.77
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.83 21.07 35.15 9.00
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.17 12.07 20.66 6.71
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.78 7.03 7.23 2.70
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.48 2.51 7.30 1.62
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 33.27 28.46 18.13 36.66
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.55 9.08 10.20 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.36 24.73 69.29 57.19
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 27.41 17.85 50.83 24.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.33 31.95 24.62 39.04
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.18 21.16 53.76 32.51
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.71 16.10 44.96 26.26
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.38 64.76 66.77 73.14
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.90 3.62 5.37 1.03
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.19 7.18 8.48 1.69
     Alcohol Dependence 4.43 4.75 9.64 3.46
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.70 11.21 23.39 8.36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 12.02 15.02 26.55 9.00
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.90 6.42 8.02 1.49
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.99 10.37 22.55 7.69
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.848 -- 15.16 8.89
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

N

41005

NEBRASKA

Table 55. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Nebraska, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 109 19 39 51
     Past Year Marijuana Use 147 25 56 67
     Past Month Marijuana Use 85 14 32 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 49 9 17 23
     Past Year Cocaine Use 30 3 12 15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 589 51 56 482
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 17 9 7 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 764 34 140 590
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 372 22 102 248
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
538 55 52 431
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 433 29 100 304
     Past Month Cigarette Use 367 25 90 252
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
986 96 130 759
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 27 5 10 12
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 40 9 14 17
     Alcohol Dependence 55 4 16 34
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 144 14 51 79
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 157 18 54 85
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 37 8 13 16
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 135 13 47 74
     Serious Mental Illness8 988 -- 27 71
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEBRASKA

Table 56. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Nebraska, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.67 12.71 18.91 4.78
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.39 16.42 27.17 6.29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.97 9.13 15.61 3.66
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 5.94 8.20 2.17
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.12 2.16 5.72 1.42
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.65 33.50 27.59 45.53
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.76 6.63 5.99 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.98 22.24 68.38 55.77
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.26 14.30 49.83 23.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.99 35.97 25.27 40.73
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.59 18.86 48.81 28.76
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.93 16.36 43.92 23.84
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.62 63.18 63.58 71.72
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.93 3.47 4.68 1.17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.84 5.92 7.04 1.59
     Alcohol Dependence 3.85 2.85 7.99 3.20
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.18 8.94 25.16 7.47
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.07 11.75 26.52 7.98
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.64 5.36 6.25 1.55
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.51 8.42 23.20 7.03
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.758 -- 13.36 6.66
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEVADA

Table 57. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Nevada, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 183 23 47 113
     Past Year Marijuana Use 214 36 63 115
     Past Month Marijuana Use 136 18 39 78
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 80 9 20 50
     Past Year Cocaine Use 42 4 16 23
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 606 62 49 495
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 20 12 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 902 34 122 747
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 371 20 73 278
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
743 71 75 597
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 623 28 91 503
     Past Month Cigarette Use 543 24 78 441
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,238 119 135 985
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 34 6 12 16
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 53 11 17 25
     Alcohol Dependence 61 4 15 42
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 143 13 35 95
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 174 19 46 109
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 48 10 17 21
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 139 13 34 93
     Serious Mental Illness8 1568 -- 28 128
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEVADA

Table 58. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Nevada, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.30 12.46 22.02 8.17
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.01 19.67 29.02 8.31
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.62 9.58 18.29 5.68
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.47 5.12 9.35 3.62
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.38 1.97 7.35 1.66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.02 33.52 22.76 35.86
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.02 8.42 6.08 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 50.68 18.40 56.37 54.12
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.87 10.90 33.81 20.17
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.75 38.57 35.01 43.24
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.99 15.31 42.38 36.47
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.50 12.73 36.40 31.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.57 64.24 62.56 71.38
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.91 3.41 5.52 1.15
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.98 5.98 8.03 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.44 2.23 6.84 3.07
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 8.01 6.93 16.19 6.88
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.75 10.26 21.32 7.87
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.69 5.40 7.75 1.54
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.83 6.80 15.54 6.75
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.778 -- 12.76 9.30
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 59. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 120 16 38 65
     Past Year Marijuana Use 175 23 58 94
     Past Month Marijuana Use 110 13 35 61
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 44 7 15 21
     Past Year Cocaine Use 32 3 13 16
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 304 26 17 262
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 14 8 5 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 642 24 93 525
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 258 15 64 179
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
358 32 26 300
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 341 19 65 256
     Past Month Cigarette Use 281 16 58 207
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
737 68 79 590
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 22 4 10 9
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 36 8 14 14
     Alcohol Dependence 37 3 10 25
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 98 9 30 59
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 117 13 36 68
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 32 7 14 11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 93 8 29 56
     Serious Mental Illness8 858 -- 19 65
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Table 60. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Hampshire, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 11.15 14.46 29.61 7.82
     Past Year Marijuana Use 16.30 20.52 44.61 11.31
     Past Month Marijuana Use 10.23 11.79 27.31 7.36
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.05 6.20 11.72 2.57
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.97 2.66 10.17 1.89
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 28.34 22.61 12.94 31.53
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.58 8.82 11.14 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 59.80 21.44 71.78 63.20
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.02 13.29 49.11 21.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
33.32 27.98 20.30 36.08
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.71 16.82 50.33 30.86
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.17 14.03 44.80 24.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.63 59.52 61.12 71.05
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.07 3.19 7.36 1.10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.37 6.95 11.18 1.67
     Alcohol Dependence 3.48 2.32 7.69 2.98
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.09 7.54 23.21 7.10
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.90 11.69 27.70 8.18
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.01 6.54 10.57 1.35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.64 7.33 22.30 6.69
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.808 -- 14.82 7.86
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW JERSEY

Table 61. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Jersey, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 494 75 169 250
     Past Year Marijuana Use 613 101 233 279
     Past Month Marijuana Use 358 53 142 164
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 241 37 72 132
     Past Year Cocaine Use 160 13 51 95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,967 256 183 2,528
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 72 43 25 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,097 135 515 3,448
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,542 73 332 1,138
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,179 276 270 2,633
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,904 98 352 1,455
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,662 85 322 1,255
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
5,335 461 529 4,345
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 122 20 44 58
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 190 36 62 92
     Alcohol Dependence 211 13 52 146
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 446 37 131 278
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 538 58 155 324
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 161 33 56 71
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 412 36 126 250
     Serious Mental Illness8 4718 -- 98 373
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW JERSEY

Table 62. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Jersey, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.97 10.42 21.36 4.48
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.64 14.03 29.40 5.00
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.05 7.33 17.89 2.93
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.40 5.15 9.12 2.36
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.25 1.78 6.49 1.71
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 41.79 35.58 23.13 45.25
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.57 6.62 5.97 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.73 18.77 65.06 61.72
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 21.74 10.11 41.95 20.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.79 38.38 34.09 47.14
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.84 13.65 44.45 26.04
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.42 11.83 40.67 22.46
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.17 64.03 66.84 77.79
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.72 2.80 5.52 1.04
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.69 5.06 7.82 1.65
     Alcohol Dependence 2.97 1.81 6.57 2.61
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.30 5.16 16.62 4.97
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.59 8.08 19.65 5.80
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.27 4.64 7.07 1.28
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.81 4.97 15.91 4.48
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.398 -- 12.37 6.68
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW MEXICO

Table 63. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Mexico, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 151 25 47 80
     Past Year Marijuana Use 186 34 71 81
     Past Month Marijuana Use 111 18 40 53
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 69 11 21 37
     Past Year Cocaine Use 46 5 21 20
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 594 54 48 492
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 20 11 8 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 722 37 128 558
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 363 25 87 251
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
711 71 79 561
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 439 27 95 316
     Past Month Cigarette Use 363 22 81 260
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,103 108 143 852
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 32 6 15 12
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 58 11 23 23
     Alcohol Dependence 61 5 21 36
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 151 14 48 90
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 182 21 58 104
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 53 10 21 22
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 142 13 45 84
     Serious Mental Illness8 1298 -- 32 97
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW MEXICO

Table 64. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New Mexico, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.00 14.16 22.17 7.08
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.30 19.03 33.80 7.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.37 10.35 18.98 4.74
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.57 6.26 9.94 3.30
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.07 2.81 10.03 1.81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.36 30.44 23.00 43.80
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.35 8.26 10.49 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.83 20.67 60.78 49.67
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.00 14.04 41.39 22.31
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
47.07 40.01 37.35 49.98
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.03 15.37 45.26 28.14
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.05 12.34 38.45 23.19
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.04 61.12 67.82 75.88
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.11 3.12 6.94 1.05
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.81 6.05 11.15 2.09
     Alcohol Dependence 4.05 2.72 9.90 3.17
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.01 7.73 22.68 8.01
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 12.04 11.74 27.35 9.24
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.50 5.64 10.19 1.92
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.40 7.46 21.52 7.45
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.658 -- 15.02 8.65
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW YORK

Table 65. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New York, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 1,416 182 487 747
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,944 250 684 1,010
     Past Month Marijuana Use 1,167 137 437 593
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 492 76 153 263
     Past Year Cocaine Use 411 22 141 248
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 5,746 473 460 4,813
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 182 93 81 8
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 8,708 305 1,310 7,093
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 3,861 167 866 2,828
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
6,606 612 636 5,358
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 4,586 200 889 3,498
     Past Month Cigarette Use 4,052 185 818 3,050
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
11,589 1,005 1,382 9,202
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 334 50 123 161
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 482 83 181 219
     Alcohol Dependence 573 34 132 407
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,137 87 323 727
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,413 135 414 865
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 435 78 171 187
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,077 84 316 677
     Serious Mental Illness8 1,3108 -- 311 998
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NEW YORK

Table 66. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in New York, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.90 11.68 23.89 6.07
     Past Year Marijuana Use 12.22 15.98 33.60 8.20
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.34 8.76 21.44 4.82
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.10 4.87 7.53 2.14
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.59 1.41 6.93 2.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 36.10 30.29 22.59 39.08
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.88 6.85 8.02 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 54.71 19.49 64.34 57.59
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.27 10.71 42.55 22.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
41.50 39.15 31.25 43.50
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 28.82 12.78 43.64 28.40
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.46 11.81 40.17 24.76
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.81 64.32 67.84 74.71
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.10 3.18 6.03 1.31
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.03 5.28 8.87 1.78
     Alcohol Dependence 3.60 2.17 6.48 3.30
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.15 5.59 15.84 5.90
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.88 8.61 20.33 7.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.74 4.98 8.38 1.52
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.77 5.36 15.53 5.50
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.138 -- 15.29 8.11
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 67. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in North Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 536 93 178 265
     Past Year Marijuana Use 665 116 234 315
     Past Month Marijuana Use 399 58 151 190
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 268 47 73 148
     Past Year Cocaine Use 165 13 56 95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,983 248 222 2,513
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 79 46 30 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,748 111 494 2,143
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,307 69 333 906
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,093 271 293 2,529
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 2,430 123 439 1,868
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,010 101 402 1,507
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,606 417 520 3,670
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 128 23 43 62
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 199 39 65 95
     Alcohol Dependence 207 13 54 140
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 457 39 145 273
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 563 57 177 329
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 177 36 58 83
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 427 37 140 250
     Serious Mental Illness8 5778 -- 113 464
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NORTH CAROLINA

Table 68. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in North Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.92 13.62 20.35 5.09
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.83 16.97 26.70 6.05
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.89 8.44 17.22 3.66
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.96 6.90 8.28 2.85
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.43 1.92 6.42 1.83
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 44.10 36.16 25.34 48.29
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.81 7.81 6.81 0.11
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 40.59 16.12 56.43 41.18
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.31 10.02 38.03 17.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.72 39.55 33.43 48.60
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.90 17.97 50.13 35.88
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.69 14.78 45.89 28.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.08 60.76 59.40 70.51
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.89 3.30 4.96 1.19
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.94 5.67 7.39 1.83
     Alcohol Dependence 3.05 1.93 6.13 2.69
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.75 5.66 16.54 5.25
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.31 8.30 20.21 6.32
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.62 5.21 6.65 1.60
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.31 5.34 16.04 4.80
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.498 -- 12.86 8.92
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 69. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in North Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 38 6 15 17
     Past Year Marijuana Use 52 9 24 19
     Past Month Marijuana Use 28 4 13 11
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 17 3 6 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 10 1 5 4
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 204 19 20 166
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 3 3 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 305 14 60 232
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 165 9 45 111
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
177 18 19 140
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 171 11 41 119
     Past Month Cigarette Use 145 10 35 100
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
352 33 52 267
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 9 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 15 3 6 5
     Alcohol Dependence 20 2 7 11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 57 6 22 29
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 61 7 23 31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 14 3 6 5
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 52 5 21 26
     Serious Mental Illness8 428 -- 11 31
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

NORTH DAKOTA

Table 70. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in North Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.22 11.64 18.02 4.35
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.81 16.18 28.80 4.95
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.35 7.58 15.35 2.94
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.30 5.76 6.93 2.19
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.94 1.95 5.94 1.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.86 34.58 24.34 42.50
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.97 6.96 8.45 0.09
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.04 25.23 73.06 59.42
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 31.37 16.58 55.15 28.43
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
33.65 32.51 23.09 36.02
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.51 20.88 49.74 30.50
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.53 17.53 42.78 25.71
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
66.97 61.29 62.84 68.62
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.69 3.17 4.35 0.92
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.79 5.89 7.33 1.41
     Alcohol Dependence 3.75 3.25 8.42 2.84
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.83 10.33 27.11 7.49
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.60 12.97 27.99 7.98
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.59 5.37 6.90 1.31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.91 9.46 25.71 6.66
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.998 -- 13.84 7.98
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

O

41005

OHIO

Table 71. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Ohio, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 756 112 254 389
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,025 151 374 500
     Past Month Marijuana Use 610 86 224 299
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 323 52 97 174
     Past Year Cocaine Use 238 17 86 135
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 3,695 347 284 3,064
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 103 56 42 4
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 4,871 173 805 3,893
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,294 112 566 1,616
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,547 374 350 2,822
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,387 171 638 2,579
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,865 143 567 2,155
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
6,356 612 738 5,006
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 185 28 71 86
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 276 55 103 117
     Alcohol Dependence 319 17 97 205
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 742 57 228 457
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 898 89 276 534
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 245 52 96 98
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 702 55 218 429
     Serious Mental Illness8 7828 -- 171 611
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

OHIO

Table 72. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Ohio, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.04 11.39 20.64 5.42
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.91 15.33 30.34 6.96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 6.49 8.74 18.22 4.17
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 5.27 7.87 2.42
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.53 1.69 6.99 1.88
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 39.30 35.11 23.10 42.66
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.86 6.62 7.30 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.81 17.52 65.40 54.20
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.40 11.31 45.99 22.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.72 37.89 28.46 39.29
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 36.03 17.27 51.79 35.91
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.48 14.52 46.03 30.00
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.60 61.92 59.92 69.71
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.97 2.83 5.76 1.19
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.93 5.61 8.36 1.63
     Alcohol Dependence 3.39 1.72 7.87 2.85
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.90 5.80 18.54 6.36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.56 8.99 22.42 7.43
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.61 5.24 7.76 1.36
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.47 5.59 17.69 5.97
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.308 -- 13.87 8.51
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

OKLAHOMA

Table 73. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 243 37 78 128
     Past Year Marijuana Use 270 46 105 119
     Past Month Marijuana Use 158 25 64 70
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 125 19 45 61
     Past Year Cocaine Use 57 6 25 27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,208 106 112 990
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 32 17 14 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,217 49 239 929
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 539 32 156 351
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,240 115 129 996
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,017 53 218 746
     Past Month Cigarette Use 858 45 184 629
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,885 183 242 1,460
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 53 9 23 22
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 81 16 32 33
     Alcohol Dependence 81 6 27 48
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 196 17 70 109
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 246 27 87 132
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 78 15 30 33
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 188 16 69 102
     Serious Mental Illness8 2778 -- 61 216
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

OKLAHOMA

Table 74. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Oklahoma, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 8.58 12.23 18.97 6.06
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.50 15.34 25.47 5.60
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.58 8.13 15.51 3.31
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.41 6.33 10.88 2.89
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.02 1.86 5.99 1.27
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.65 35.17 27.13 46.70
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.79 6.33 6.67 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 42.94 16.04 58.23 43.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.01 10.70 37.98 16.53
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
43.77 37.84 31.48 46.98
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.86 17.60 52.96 35.16
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.28 14.96 44.71 29.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
66.52 60.58 58.78 68.86
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.88 2.89 5.55 1.03
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.85 5.13 7.89 1.56
     Alcohol Dependence 2.86 2.02 6.61 2.26
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.92 5.68 17.03 5.15
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.66 8.96 21.08 6.23
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.74 4.91 7.25 1.56
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.61 5.41 16.77 4.83
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.938 -- 14.87 10.17
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

OREGON

Table 75. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Oregon, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 319 37 95 188
     Past Year Marijuana Use 406 52 140 214
     Past Month Marijuana Use 262 28 85 149
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 126 16 36 74
     Past Year Cocaine Use 72 6 28 39
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 912 86 65 760
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 31 17 12 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,564 51 252 1,262
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 604 32 156 416
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,174 108 112 954
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 889 43 180 666
     Past Month Cigarette Use 735 34 160 541
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,126 202 268 1,655
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 60 7 24 28
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 90 16 36 38
     Alcohol Dependence 98 6 28 63
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 217 17 69 131
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 273 28 86 159
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 85 15 35 35
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 204 17 65 122
     Serious Mental Illness8 2598 -- 55 204
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

OREGON

Table 76. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Oregon, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.84 12.30 24.72 8.30
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.78 17.38 36.44 9.47
     Past Month Marijuana Use 8.88 9.31 22.17 6.57
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.29 5.55 9.38 3.26
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.45 1.91 7.25 1.71
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 30.98 28.97 16.99 33.61
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.95 6.94 7.53 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 53.14 17.07 65.32 55.79
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.52 10.70 40.58 18.40
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.88 36.22 29.13 42.18
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.19 14.42 46.63 29.46
     Past Month Cigarette Use 24.96 11.29 41.49 23.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
72.21 68.14 69.69 73.18
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.02 2.46 6.22 1.25
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.05 5.27 9.44 1.67
     Alcohol Dependence 3.31 2.13 7.26 2.80
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.37 5.84 17.83 5.79
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.25 9.35 22.35 7.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.88 5.07 9.17 1.53
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.93 5.78 16.86 5.40
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.808 -- 14.40 9.02
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

P

41005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 77. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 774 116 265 393
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,020 157 386 477
     Past Month Marijuana Use 582 84 228 270
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 355 57 104 195
     Past Year Cocaine Use 244 15 85 144
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 4,213 339 277 3,597
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 112 60 47 5
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 5,278 186 837 4,256
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 2,357 116 593 1,649
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
3,852 364 339 3,149
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 3,402 172 647 2,582
     Past Month Cigarette Use 2,858 151 578 2,129
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
7,103 641 794 5,668
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 174 30 65 78
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 268 53 100 116
     Alcohol Dependence 300 19 85 196
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 715 55 233 427
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 857 87 278 491
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 231 49 93 89
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 675 54 227 395
     Serious Mental Illness8 7048 -- 172 532
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

PENNSYLVANIA

Table 78. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Pennsylvania, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.50 11.28 20.54 4.91
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.88 15.24 29.95 5.95
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.64 8.18 17.66 3.37
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.44 5.51 8.04 2.43
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.37 1.49 6.62 1.79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.78 32.97 21.48 44.91
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.72 6.65 7.51 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.10 18.06 64.85 53.14
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.83 11.24 45.96 20.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.29 35.40 26.27 39.32
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 32.94 16.75 50.17 32.24
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.68 14.73 44.78 26.59
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.77 62.31 61.54 70.77
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.68 2.90 5.06 0.98
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.60 5.11 7.76 1.44
     Alcohol Dependence 2.90 1.89 6.56 2.44
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.93 5.34 18.08 5.33
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.30 8.45 21.57 6.14
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.24 4.80 7.21 1.11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.54 5.20 17.60 4.93
     Serious Mental Illness8 7.588 -- 13.34 6.65
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

R

41005

RHODE ISLAND

Table 79. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 99 11 41 46
     Past Year Marijuana Use 137 16 58 64
     Past Month Marijuana Use 86 9 38 39
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 42 5 17 20
     Past Year Cocaine Use 34 2 15 17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 287 22 21 244
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 10 5 4 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 531 19 96 416
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 243 11 70 162
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
326 30 35 261
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 280 14 65 202
     Past Month Cigarette Use 246 12 60 174
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
660 55 92 512
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 24 3 10 10
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 35 5 16 14
     Alcohol Dependence 40 2 14 24
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 91 6 32 53
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 108 8 37 62
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 29 5 14 10
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 81 5 30 46
     Serious Mental Illness8 908 -- 21 68
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

RHODE ISLAND

Table 80. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Rhode Island, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.95 13.25 32.44 6.75
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.22 18.29 45.71 9.29
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.56 10.86 29.93 5.70
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.64 5.50 13.37 2.94
     Past Year Cocaine Use 3.79 2.10 12.05 2.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 31.91 25.90 16.38 35.48
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.14 7.89 10.02 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.96 22.12 76.07 60.38
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 26.97 12.73 55.31 23.56
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.25 34.95 27.75 37.96
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.14 16.13 51.46 29.29
     Past Month Cigarette Use 27.35 13.72 47.60 25.34
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
73.34 65.01 72.97 74.43
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.63 3.62 8.27 1.48
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.90 6.15 12.71 2.02
     Alcohol Dependence 4.39 2.41 10.70 3.49
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.10 6.62 25.59 7.70
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.97 9.88 29.42 9.04
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.18 5.54 11.23 1.42
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.01 6.28 23.85 6.65
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.988 -- 16.84 9.91
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

S

41005

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 81. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in South Carolina, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 245 38 90 117
     Past Year Marijuana Use 327 46 127 153
     Past Month Marijuana Use 191 25 75 91
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 121 18 40 63
     Past Year Cocaine Use 89 6 29 54
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,467 126 114 1,227
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 40 20 18 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,523 50 280 1,193
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 762 30 193 539
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,536 148 150 1,238
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,079 54 220 805
     Past Month Cigarette Use 907 42 197 669
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
2,344 215 284 1,845
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 59 9 20 30
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 96 16 36 44
     Alcohol Dependence 123 6 36 81
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 266 17 89 160
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 313 27 104 183
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 82 15 34 34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 250 16 85 149
     Serious Mental Illness8 2768 -- 61 215
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

SOUTH CAROLINA

Table 82. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in South Carolina, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.23 11.05 19.54 4.54
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.67 13.44 27.75 5.96
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.65 7.25 16.46 3.52
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.58 5.30 8.73 2.44
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.64 1.71 6.36 2.11
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 43.44 36.41 24.77 47.68
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.85 6.56 8.05 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 45.07 14.36 61.10 46.35
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 22.54 8.80 42.03 20.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.48 42.76 32.65 48.11
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 31.92 15.52 48.06 31.27
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.85 12.21 42.88 25.97
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.38 62.27 61.91 71.66
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.75 2.55 4.37 1.17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.85 4.67 7.87 1.72
     Alcohol Dependence 3.64 1.76 7.93 3.13
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.88 4.83 19.48 6.23
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.26 7.71 22.59 7.11
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.43 4.32 7.31 1.31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.38 4.50 18.58 5.78
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.108 -- 13.32 8.35
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 83. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in South Dakota, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 45 9 16 19
     Past Year Marijuana Use 61 12 26 23
     Past Month Marijuana Use 33 7 13 13
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 21 4 7 9
     Past Year Cocaine Use 12 2 5 5
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 233 25 20 188
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 9 5 4 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 342 15 65 262
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 175 11 49 114
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
223 23 21 179
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 218 16 52 150
     Past Month Cigarette Use 188 14 47 127
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
404 42 51 310
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 10 2 4 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 17 4 6 6
     Alcohol Dependence 28 3 8 17
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 67 7 24 36
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 73 9 26 38
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 15 4 6 6
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 60 6 22 32
     Serious Mental Illness8 478 -- 13 34
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

SOUTH DAKOTA

Table 84. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in South Dakota, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.15 13.26 17.92 4.13
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.83 17.65 28.35 5.02
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.24 9.57 14.66 2.74
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.29 6.38 7.81 1.95
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.89 2.41 5.49 1.10
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 37.53 35.30 21.83 40.94
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.23 8.39 8.58 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 55.18 22.07 71.49 56.98
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.13 15.85 54.15 24.89
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
35.95 33.49 23.15 38.83
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 35.10 22.82 57.69 32.53
     Past Month Cigarette Use 30.31 19.79 51.76 27.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
65.09 60.68 56.27 67.49
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.66 3.01 4.47 0.90
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.67 5.83 7.10 1.32
     Alcohol Dependence 4.50 3.86 8.72 3.77
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 10.79 9.77 26.15 7.93
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11.70 12.84 28.81 8.18
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.37 5.08 6.20 1.21
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 9.59 8.55 24.04 6.92
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.608 -- 14.42 7.47
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

T

41005

TENNESSEE

Table 85. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Tennessee, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 321 44 100 177
     Past Year Marijuana Use 353 58 131 164
     Past Month Marijuana Use 220 30 83 106
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 175 26 46 103
     Past Year Cocaine Use 113 9 38 66
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,017 169 163 1,684
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 44 22 20 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 1,739 63 289 1,387
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 793 40 186 568
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,178 195 216 1,767
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,622 81 288 1,253
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,343 68 241 1,034
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,205 295 377 2,532
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 88 14 29 44
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 134 23 44 67
     Alcohol Dependence 130 8 37 85
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 286 23 92 171
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 381 37 119 225
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 122 21 42 59
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 273 22 90 162
     Serious Mental Illness8 3938 -- 83 309
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

TENNESSEE

Table 86. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Tennessee, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.70 9.23 16.16 4.78
     Past Year Marijuana Use 7.36 12.15 21.07 4.44
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.59 6.37 13.40 2.88
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.64 5.46 7.40 2.78
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.36 1.85 6.08 1.80
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.06 35.74 26.26 45.53
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.38 5.09 5.50 0.10
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 36.27 13.27 46.50 37.48
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 16.55 8.39 29.89 15.34
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
45.42 41.10 34.76 47.77
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 33.84 17.17 46.30 33.86
     Past Month Cigarette Use 28.03 14.33 38.83 27.95
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
66.84 62.38 60.70 68.44
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.83 2.95 4.74 1.20
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.80 4.85 7.08 1.82
     Alcohol Dependence 2.71 1.71 5.87 2.31
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 5.97 4.77 14.83 4.63
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.94 7.86 19.07 6.08
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.54 4.43 6.71 1.59
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 5.70 4.62 14.41 4.38
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.098 -- 13.43 8.36
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

TEXAS

Table 87. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Texas, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 1,208 206 416 587
     Past Year Marijuana Use 1,482 281 560 641
     Past Month Marijuana Use 829 129 323 377
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 674 125 209 340
     Past Year Cocaine Use 422 52 167 203
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 7,868 733 770 6,365
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 204 114 77 14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 8,188 355 1,457 6,376
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 4,140 199 1,005 2,936
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
7,727 784 938 6,006
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 5,140 272 1,067 3,801
     Past Month Cigarette Use 4,428 235 984 3,208
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
12,451 1,234 1,660 9,557
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 297 58 118 121
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 473 104 173 196
     Alcohol Dependence 539 39 168 332
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 1,320 118 422 780
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 1,555 178 505 872
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 427 99 161 167
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 1,287 114 418 756
     Serious Mental Illness8 1,2858 -- 312 973
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

TEXAS

Table 88. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Texas, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.97 10.18 16.54 4.59
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.56 13.91 22.28 5.01
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.79 6.38 12.86 2.95
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.89 6.19 8.33 2.66
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.44 2.58 6.66 1.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 45.42 36.30 30.65 49.77
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.78 6.52 5.55 0.14
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 47.27 17.56 57.99 49.86
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 23.90 9.84 40.02 22.96
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
44.61 38.81 37.33 46.96
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.68 13.45 42.47 29.73
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.56 11.65 39.18 25.09
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
71.88 61.14 66.08 74.73
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.71 2.85 4.68 0.95
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.73 5.14 6.89 1.53
     Alcohol Dependence 3.11 1.93 6.69 2.60
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.62 5.84 16.78 6.10
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.98 8.81 20.09 6.82
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.47 4.91 6.39 1.31
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.43 5.65 16.62 5.91
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.408 -- 12.41 7.61
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

U

41005

UTAH

Table 89. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Utah, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 115 20 46 49
     Past Year Marijuana Use 148 25 75 48
     Past Month Marijuana Use 73 12 34 26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 68 12 26 29
     Past Year Cocaine Use 36 3 17 15
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 768 97 107 564
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 23 10 12 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 536 23 129 384
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 288 18 90 180
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
923 109 146 668
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 357 19 92 245
     Past Month Cigarette Use 304 15 89 200
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,359 164 260 935
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 32 6 13 13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 52 11 22 19
     Alcohol Dependence 57 4 20 33
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 125 11 47 67
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 145 16 57 72
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 49 10 20 19
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 115 11 46 58
     Serious Mental Illness8 1748 -- 54 120
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

UTAH

Table 90. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Utah, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.32 8.76 12.69 4.00
     Past Year Marijuana Use 8.17 11.08 20.77 3.93
     Past Month Marijuana Use 4.00 5.30 9.53 2.15
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.74 5.35 7.30 2.39
     Past Year Cocaine Use 1.95 1.52 4.78 1.21
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 42.42 42.42 29.72 46.15
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.77 4.50 5.26 0.13
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 29.57 10.23 35.74 31.40
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 15.86 7.86 24.95 14.70
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
50.94 47.56 40.56 54.64
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 19.67 8.43 25.46 20.09
     Past Month Cigarette Use 16.74 6.57 24.61 16.36
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
75.00 71.49 72.28 76.47
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.77 2.62 3.67 1.05
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.85 4.75 5.98 1.57
     Alcohol Dependence 3.14 1.77 5.61 2.67
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.87 4.72 12.98 5.50
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 7.99 6.98 15.73 5.90
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.69 4.22 5.42 1.59
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.33 4.71 12.89 4.71
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.978 -- 14.97 9.80
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

V

41005

VERMONT

Table 91. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Vermont, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 58 9 21 28
     Past Year Marijuana Use 84 12 31 41
     Past Month Marijuana Use 52 7 19 26
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 20 4 6 10
     Past Year Cocaine Use 16 2 7 7
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 145 12 8 124
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 7 4 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 308 12 51 245
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 135 8 34 92
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
196 16 15 164
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 162 10 37 115
     Past Month Cigarette Use 134 8 33 93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
370 34 44 292
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 11 2 5 4
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 19 4 8 7
     Alcohol Dependence 17 2 5 11
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 41 3 13 24
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 52 6 17 29
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 18 4 8 6
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 39 3 13 22
     Serious Mental Illness8 418 -- 9 31
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

VERMONT

Table 92. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Vermont, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 10.96 16.67 29.58 6.99
     Past Year Marijuana Use 15.93 22.69 44.56 10.10
     Past Month Marijuana Use 9.77 13.32 26.95 6.34
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.87 6.78 9.22 2.56
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.98 2.81 9.73 1.85
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 27.52 23.08 12.08 30.78
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.70 10.35 10.44 0.15
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 58.43 22.00 73.45 60.69
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 25.51 14.70 49.19 22.87
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.08 30.43 22.04 40.56
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.64 18.33 52.64 28.49
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.43 14.84 47.57 23.03
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.15 63.59 62.72 72.30
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.16 3.62 7.57 1.03
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.63 7.86 12.03 1.62
     Alcohol Dependence 3.25 2.90 7.10 2.64
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.77 6.45 19.28 5.96
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.90 11.47 24.33 7.20
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.39 7.19 11.52 1.49
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.30 6.43 18.33 5.51
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.628 -- 13.54 7.77
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

VIRGINIA

Table 93. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 453 72 152 229
     Past Year Marijuana Use 572 94 219 259
     Past Month Marijuana Use 352 51 131 170
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 209 35 59 115
     Past Year Cocaine Use 132 10 41 81
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 2,389 220 173 1,997
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 68 38 27 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 3,023 112 453 2,458
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,211 65 299 847
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
2,493 245 231 2,017
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,756 94 354 1,309
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,487 86 321 1,080
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
4,191 389 488 3,314
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 117 18 42 57
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 179 34 63 81
     Alcohol Dependence 205 16 55 135
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 433 38 130 265
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 537 57 164 316
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 159 33 59 66
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 418 37 127 255
     Serious Mental Illness8 4298 -- 92 336
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

VIRGINIA

Table 94. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.68 11.88 20.53 5.03
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.69 15.47 29.57 5.68
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.96 8.43 17.70 3.73
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.54 5.83 7.95 2.51
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.24 1.72 5.52 1.78
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 40.45 36.17 23.35 43.80
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.93 7.34 7.50 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 51.17 18.40 61.25 53.91
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.51 10.70 40.44 18.58
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.20 40.32 31.25 44.23
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 29.73 15.40 47.83 28.70
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.18 14.17 43.38 23.69
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.95 64.05 66.03 72.67
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.99 2.99 5.65 1.26
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.03 5.67 8.55 1.79
     Alcohol Dependence 3.48 2.60 7.38 2.96
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.33 6.18 17.60 5.81
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.09 9.40 22.13 6.93
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.69 5.51 7.95 1.46
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.08 6.01 17.15 5.59
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.098 -- 12.50 7.37
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

W

41005

WASHINGTON

Table 95. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Washington, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 499 71 161 266
     Past Year Marijuana Use 676 93 236 346
     Past Month Marijuana Use 371 48 139 184
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 211 32 64 115
     Past Year Cocaine Use 106 9 47 49
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,342 143 107 1,093
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 52 31 19 3
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,820 96 416 2,308
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,049 58 272 718
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,963 186 177 1,600
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,340 70 299 971
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,172 57 276 839
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,537 351 420 2,766
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 106 16 45 45
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 164 32 69 64
     Alcohol Dependence 158 12 49 98
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 374 31 119 224
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 475 49 153 272
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 154 30 65 58
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 350 30 116 204
     Serious Mental Illness8 4698 -- 97 372
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WASHINGTON

Table 96. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Washington, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 9.96 13.49 24.65 6.96
     Past Year Marijuana Use 13.50 17.64 36.16 9.05
     Past Month Marijuana Use 7.41 9.11 21.22 4.82
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 4.22 6.12 9.77 3.01
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.11 1.77 7.15 1.29
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 26.80 26.99 16.30 28.57
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.07 7.14 7.11 0.16
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 56.31 18.15 63.66 60.33
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 20.94 11.06 41.67 18.76
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
39.20 35.22 27.05 41.83
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 26.76 13.22 45.81 25.37
     Past Month Cigarette Use 23.41 10.84 42.23 21.93
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
70.63 66.48 64.26 72.29
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 2.12 3.08 6.90 1.17
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 3.29 6.05 10.50 1.67
     Alcohol Dependence 3.16 2.19 7.44 2.56
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 7.47 5.83 18.24 5.85
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 9.48 9.30 23.41 7.12
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 3.08 5.76 10.00 1.53
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 7.00 5.70 17.79 5.33
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.468 -- 14.80 9.72
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WEST VIRGINIA

Table 97. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in West Virginia, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 101 16 34 51
     Past Year Marijuana Use 140 24 54 63
     Past Month Marijuana Use 79 12 29 38
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 54 8 16 30
     Past Year Cocaine Use 35 4 14 17
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 714 46 50 618
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 15 9 6 1
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 570 25 103 441
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 296 18 74 204
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
657 47 66 543
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 570 30 106 435
     Past Month Cigarette Use 452 24 93 335
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
1,030 83 114 833
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 29 4 12 13
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 45 8 18 20
     Alcohol Dependence 42 3 12 27
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 100 9 31 60
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 125 13 40 72
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 38 7 16 14
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 95 9 30 56
     Serious Mental Illness8 1448 -- 30 114
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WEST VIRGINIA

Table 98. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in West Virginia, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 6.61 11.70 17.37 4.29
     Past Year Marijuana Use 9.16 16.92 27.87 5.24
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.12 8.62 14.67 3.17
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.51 6.07 8.09 2.48
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.30 2.61 7.42 1.44
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 46.64 33.04 25.76 51.58
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.53 7.29 6.27 0.09
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 37.20 18.28 53.18 36.81
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 19.33 13.11 38.11 17.02
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
42.90 34.10 33.85 45.37
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 37.22 21.34 54.26 36.30
     Past Month Cigarette Use 29.52 17.34 47.96 27.94
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
67.26 59.35 58.54 69.58
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.86 3.11 6.03 1.05
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.96 5.58 9.27 1.64
     Alcohol Dependence 2.74 2.30 6.01 2.26
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 6.52 6.32 16.12 4.99
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 8.13 9.30 20.37 6.02
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.46 5.29 8.37 1.18
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 6.17 6.31 15.53 4.64
     Serious Mental Illness8 10.348 -- 15.61 9.48
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WISCONSIN

Table 99. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Wisconsin, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 339 52 117 171
     Past Year Marijuana Use 455 76 186 192
     Past Month Marijuana Use 245 37 99 109
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 165 27 51 87
     Past Year Cocaine Use 111 10 41 61
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 1,562 150 123 1,289
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 55 30 23 2
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 2,622 103 447 2,072
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 1,313 65 340 908
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
1,656 164 156 1,336
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 1,384 84 313 988
     Past Month Cigarette Use 1,167 74 282 811
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
3,156 307 396 2,454
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 79 15 30 34
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 123 28 45 50
     Alcohol Dependence 165 11 53 101
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 432 35 145 253
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 483 49 164 271
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 104 27 42 34
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 405 34 138 233
     Serious Mental Illness8 3528 -- 77 275
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WISCONSIN

Table 100. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Wisconsin, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.48 10.73 18.85 4.98
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.01 15.84 30.00 5.61
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.40 7.71 15.98 3.18
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.63 5.59 8.23 2.54
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.45 1.98 6.62 1.77
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 34.52 31.12 19.86 37.63
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 2.06 7.17 8.25 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 57.92 21.39 72.05 60.48
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 28.98 13.48 54.87 26.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
36.57 34.07 25.07 38.99
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 30.55 17.30 50.41 28.84
     Past Month Cigarette Use 25.75 15.32 45.48 23.67
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
69.71 63.58 63.81 71.63
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.73 3.08 4.78 1.00
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.71 5.86 7.28 1.45
     Alcohol Dependence 3.64 2.27 8.56 2.95
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.53 7.19 23.30 7.39
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.65 10.09 26.38 7.91
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.28 5.67 6.84 0.99
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.92 7.00 22.25 6.80
     Serious Mental Illness8 8.698 -- 12.45 8.02
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WYOMING

Table 101. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Marijuana Initiates, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Wyoming, by Age Group: Estimated Numbers (in Thousands), Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 31 5 11 16
     Past Year Marijuana Use 43 7 17 20
     Past Month Marijuana Use 23 3 9 10
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 15 2 5 8
     Past Year Cocaine Use 9 1 4 4
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 161 16 12 133
     Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates2 5 3 2 0
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 216 8 39 169
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 103 6 29 68
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
155 16 14 126
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 141 7 33 101
     Past Month Cigarette Use 111 6 26 79
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
282 29 36 217
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 7 1 3 3
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 11 2 5 4
     Alcohol Dependence 15 1 5 9
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 38 3 14 21
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 42 4 15 22
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 10 2 5 4
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 36 3 14 19
     Serious Mental Illness8 348 -- 9 25
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Number of Marijuana Initiates = Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months/2.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

41005

WYOMING

Table 102. Selected Drug Use, Perceptions of Great Risk, Average Annual Rates of First Use of Marijuana, Past Year Substance Dependence or Abuse, Needing But Not Receiving Treatment, and Serious Mental Illness in Wyoming, by Age Group: Percentages, Annual Averages Based on 2002 and 2003 NSDUHs
Measure Total
12 or Older
AGE GROUP (Years)
12–17 18–25 26 or Older
ILLICIT DRUGS        
     Past Month Any Illicit Drug1 Use 7.51 10.05 18.36 5.07
     Past Year Marijuana Use 10.45 14.46 28.79 6.38
     Past Month Marijuana Use 5.45 7.14 15.59 3.27
     Past Month Use of Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana1 3.67 5.12 8.14 2.61
     Past Year Cocaine Use 2.21 1.80 7.60 1.25
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking Marijuana Once a Month 38.88 34.88 21.04 42.85
     Average Annual Rate of First Use of Marijuana2 1.92 6.44 7.06 0.12
ALCOHOL        
     Past Month Alcohol Use 52.14 18.30 66.48 54.35
     Past Month Binge Alcohol3 Use 24.93 12.94 49.68 21.98
     Perception of Great Risk of Drinking Five or More Drinks
        Once or Twice a Week
37.38 35.00 22.86 40.48
TOBACCO        
     Past Month Tobacco4 Use 34.00 16.34 55.18 32.55
     Past Month Cigarette Use 26.81 12.78 44.46 25.50
     Perception of Great Risk of Smoking One or More Packs
        of Cigarettes Per Day
68.09 64.05 61.46 69.95
PAST YEAR DEPENDENCE, ABUSE,5 AND TREATMENT        
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence 1.71 2.67 5.18 0.92
     Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 2.64 4.53 8.18 1.32
     Alcohol Dependence 3.57 2.40 8.17 2.87
     Alcohol Dependence or Abuse 9.23 7.54 23.24 6.81
     Alcohol or Illicit Drug1 Dependence or Abuse 10.07 9.77 25.38 7.21
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Illicit Drug Use1,6 2.46 4.23 7.82 1.19
     Needing But Not Receiving Treatment for Alcohol Use7 8.71 7.13 23.02 6.22
     Serious Mental Illness8 9.338 -- 15.45 8.17
-- Not available.
NOTE: Estimates are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach.
1 Any Illicit Drug includes marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically. Any Illicit Drug Other Than Marijuana includes cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or any prescription-type psychotherapeutic used nonmedically.
2 Average Annual Rate = {(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months)/[(Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months * 0.5) + Number of persons who never used marijuana]}/2. Both the computation components, Number of Marijuana Initiates in past 24 months and Number of persons who never used marijuana, are based on a survey-weighted hierarchical Bayes estimation approach. Note that the age group is based on a respondent's age at the time of the interview, not his or her age at first use.
3 Binge Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion (i.e., at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
4 Any Tobacco product includes cigarettes, smokeless tobacco (i.e., chewing tobacco or snuff), cigars, or pipe tobacco.
5 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
6 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for illicit drugs, but not receiving treatment for an illicit drug problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
7 Needing But Not Receiving Treatment refers to respondents classified as needing treatment for alcohol, but not receiving treatment for an alcohol problem at a specialty facility (i.e., drug and alcohol rehabilitation facilities [inpatient or outpatient], hospitals [inpatient only], and mental health centers).
8 Serious Mental Illness (SMI) is defined as having a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder that met the criteria found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and resulted in functional impairment that substantially interfered with or limited one or more major life activities. Data for SMI are not defined for 12 to 17 year olds; therefore, "Total" estimate reflects ages 18 or older.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002 and 2003.

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