|November 21, 2003|
Discharges from Outpatient Treatment: 2000
This report examines discharge data in the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS).1 The TEDS system is comprised of two major components, the Admission Data System and the Discharge Data System. Both admission and discharge data come primarily from facilities that receive some public funding.
States are asked to submit data for all discharges from substance abuse treatment. Approximately 348,000 records for clients discharged from treatment in 2000 were submitted by 18 States,2 and 94 percent of these records could be linked to a TEDS admission record. These 326,000 linked admission/discharge records are referred to as treatment episodes.
This report presents data on the 36 percent (117,000) of these episodes that represent clients who received outpatient treatment (Table 1). Clients discharged from intensive outpatient treatment and outpatient detoxification are not included in this report.3
Reasons for Discharge
About a third (34 percent) of outpatient treatment episodes involved individuals who completed treatment and another 8 percent involved those who were transferred to another treatment program (Figure 1). The remaining outpatient treatment episodes involved clients who left against professional advice (23 percent); whose treatment was terminated by the facility (24 percent); or who were discharged for other reasons (11 percent).
Alcohol was the primary substance of abuse4 in 58 percent of the completed outpatient treatment episodes (Figure 2), followed by marijuana (21 percent), cocaine (8 percent), opiates (6 percent), stimulants (5 percent), and other substances (2 percent).
Completion of Outpatient Treatment
The outpatient treatment completion rate was highest, at 41 percent, for episodes involving alcohol as the primary substance of abuse (Figure 3). For outpatient treatment episodes with marijuana as the primary substance, the completion rate was 32 percent. Outpatient treatment completion rates for episodes where the primary substances were stimulants or opiates were 30 percent and 27 percent. Outpatient treatment episodes involving cocaine as the primary substance were least likely to be completed, at 21 percent.
Median Length of Stay
The median length of stay for completed outpatient treatment episodes was 91 days, ranging from 49 days for opiates to 105 days for stimulants (Figure 4).
1For an earlier report on TEDS discharges, see Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Office of Applied Studies. The DASIS report: Treatment Completion in the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS). Rockville, MD. January 30, 2003.
2 States included are CA, GA, HI, IA, IL, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, MT, NE, NM, OH, OK, UT, and WY.
3Because treatment completion rates and lengths of stay vary across modalities or types of treatment, reports on other modalities, including intensive outpatient, short-term residential, long-term residential, and detoxification treatment will be presented in future DASIS reports.
4The primary substance of abuse is the main substance abused at the time of admission.
This page was last updated on December 30, 2008.