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100719
Table 2.1C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2009)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2009)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 72 73 44 40 46 48 43 44
Outpatient 69 69 41 38 44 45 41 42
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
67 64 38 35 41 41 39 40
Mental Health Clinic or Center 32 31 14 19 22 20 19 17
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
26 24 14 14 17 16 12 13
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
35 35 24 20 19 18 21 20
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
32 32 19 15 21 20 18 21
Hospital 28 28 16 13 19 17 16 18
Residential Treatment Center 19 20 11 9 12 12 11 13
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
14 13 8 5 9 9 8 7
EDUCATION2,3 -- 73 -- 43 -- 47 -- 42
School Social Worker, School
Psychologist, or School Counselor
-- 63 -- 37 -- 40 -- 35
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- 43 -- 24 -- 28 -- 25
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 36 34 19 17 23 20 20 21
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 -- 47 -- 26 -- 29 -- 27
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- 14 -- 7 -- 7 -- 10
100719
Table 2.1D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2009)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2009)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.29 0.30 0.53 0.51 0.50 0.50 0.46 0.49
Outpatient 0.28 0.29 0.50 0.48 0.48 0.48 0.44 0.48
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
0.27 0.26 0.46 0.45 0.46 0.44 0.42 0.46
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.13 0.13 0.19 0.25 0.25 0.23 0.21 0.20
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
0.10 0.10 0.18 0.18 0.20 0.19 0.14 0.16
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
0.14 0.14 0.30 0.27 0.22 0.21 0.24 0.23
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
0.13 0.13 0.24 0.20 0.24 0.23 0.20 0.24
Hospital 0.11 0.11 0.21 0.18 0.22 0.20 0.18 0.21
Residential Treatment Center 0.08 0.08 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.12 0.15
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
0.06 0.05 0.10 0.07 0.10 0.10 0.09 0.09
EDUCATION2,3 -- 0.30 -- 0.53 -- 0.50 -- 0.47
School Social Worker, School
Psychologist, or School Counselor
-- 0.26 -- 0.47 -- 0.44 -- 0.41
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- 0.18 -- 0.32 -- 0.32 -- 0.29
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.14 0.14 0.25 0.22 0.27 0.24 0.23 0.24
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 -- 0.19 -- 0.34 -- 0.32 -- 0.32
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- 0.06 -- 0.10 -- 0.08 -- 0.11
100719
Table 2.1P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Age Group: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 Total
(2008)
Total
(2009)
Aged 12-13
(2008)
Aged 12-13
(2009)
Aged 14-15
(2008)
Aged 14-15
(2009)
Aged 16-17
(2008)
Aged 16-17
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.0915   0.0785   0.1644   0.9326  
Outpatient 0.1483   0.2025   0.1714   0.9941  
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
0.3934   0.6088   0.3147   0.9557  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.6591   0.0780   0.2877   0.2155  
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
0.4521   0.6531   0.2490   0.6536  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
0.3482   0.1654   0.5701   0.6585  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
0.5628   0.1105   0.8901   0.5818  
Hospital 0.5682   0.1271   0.9555   0.6760  
Residential Treatment Center 0.4994   0.7495   0.5007   0.4974  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
0.1867   0.2970   0.4787   0.5219  
EDUCATION2,3 --   --   --   --  
School Social Worker, School
Psychologist, or School Counselor
--   --   --   --  
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
--   --   --   --  
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.0452   0.1062   0.1470   0.6999  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 --   --   --   --  
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 --   --   --   --  
100719
Table 2.2C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 72 73 69 69 32 32 -- 73 36 34 -- 47 -- 14
GENDER                            
Male 49 46 46 43 22 22 -- 51 24 22 -- 28 -- 9
Female 54 55 53 54 24 22 -- 53 25 25 -- 37 -- 10
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 44 40 41 38 19 15 -- 43 19 17 -- 26 -- 7
14-15 46 48 44 45 21 20 -- 47 23 20 -- 29 -- 7
16-17 43 44 41 42 18 21 -- 42 20 21 -- 27 -- 10
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 64 63 63 60 26 28 -- 62 32 29 -- 41 -- 9
White 63 60 61 58 22 22 -- 55 28 24 -- 37 -- 7
Black or African American 28 35 26 32 14 15 -- 37 12 14 -- 20 -- 6
American Indian or Alaska Native 6 4 5 4 3 2 -- 3 2 1 -- 1 -- 0
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * -- * * * -- * -- *
Asian 15 12 15 12 3 7 -- 16 5 4 -- 8 -- 0
Two or More Races 11 12 11 12 5 7 -- 10 4 6 -- 8 -- 3
Hispanic or Latino 34 33 32 32 18 14 -- 35 18 16 -- 22 -- 10
100719
Table 2.2D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.29 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.13 0.13 -- 0.30 0.14 0.14 -- 0.19 -- 0.06
GENDER                            
Male 0.39 0.37 0.37 0.35 0.17 0.18 -- 0.41 0.19 0.18 -- 0.22 -- 0.08
Female 0.45 0.46 0.44 0.45 0.20 0.18 -- 0.44 0.20 0.21 -- 0.31 -- 0.08
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 0.53 0.51 0.50 0.48 0.24 0.20 -- 0.53 0.25 0.22 -- 0.34 -- 0.10
14-15 0.50 0.50 0.48 0.48 0.24 0.23 -- 0.50 0.27 0.24 -- 0.32 -- 0.08
16-17 0.46 0.49 0.44 0.48 0.20 0.24 -- 0.47 0.23 0.24 -- 0.32 -- 0.11
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.31 0.13 0.14 -- 0.32 0.16 0.15 -- 0.21 -- 0.05
White 0.38 0.36 0.37 0.35 0.15 0.15 -- 0.35 0.19 0.17 -- 0.24 -- 0.05
Black or African American 0.71 0.82 0.66 0.78 0.35 0.40 -- 0.82 0.30 0.38 -- 0.50 -- 0.15
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.19 3.16 2.84 3.14 2.51 1.67 -- 2.02 1.50 0.57 -- 1.12 -- 0.33
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * -- * * * -- * -- *
Asian 1.54 1.24 1.52 1.20 0.37 0.68 -- 1.58 0.53 0.45 -- 0.84 -- 0.02
Two or More Races 1.99 2.08 1.98 2.01 0.98 1.27 -- 1.87 0.82 1.20 -- 1.52 -- 0.60
Hispanic or Latino 0.74 0.69 0.68 0.67 0.39 0.30 -- 0.74 0.37 0.35 -- 0.47 -- 0.21
100719
Table 2.2P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic Characteristic SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0915   0.1483   0.5628   --   0.0452   --   --  
GENDER                            
Male 0.2186   0.1566   0.6908   --   0.0299   --   --  
Female 0.2311   0.4607   0.2437   --   0.4401   --   --  
AGE GROUP                            
12-13 0.0785   0.2025   0.1105   --   0.1062   --   --  
14-15 0.1644   0.1714   0.8901   --   0.1470   --   --  
16-17 0.9326   0.9941   0.5818   --   0.6999   --   --  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE                            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.2802   0.2100   0.9585   --   0.0694   --   --  
White 0.0714   0.0936   0.4571   --   0.0180   --   --  
Black or African American 0.3169   0.6546   0.4273   --   0.3779   --   --  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.7324   0.6528   0.3731   --   0.1147   --   --  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   --   *   --   --  
Asian 0.7293   0.7164   0.5017   --   0.9892   --   --  
Two or More Races 0.5769   0.8514   0.5071   --   0.5832   --   --  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1219   0.4940   0.2893   --   0.3894   --   --  
100719
Table 2.3C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
8 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 72 73 69 69 32 32 -- 73 36 34 -- 47 -- 14
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 31 30 31 29 11 13 -- 31 13 13 -- 21 -- 6
Midwest 27 26 26 25 13 13 -- 27 13 13 -- 17 -- 6
South 43 43 41 40 19 21 -- 43 25 23 -- 28 -- 7
West 42 41 40 39 18 15 -- 40 18 16 -- 25 -- 8
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 64 64 61 61 24 25 -- 63 24 23 -- 38 -- 9
Small Metro 43 39 41 38 18 16 -- 41 22 20 -- 25 -- 9
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 37 33 36 32 14 12 -- 35 18 16 -- 20 -- 8
< 250K Pop. 24 24 23 23 12 10 -- 23 14 13 -- 15 -- 4
Nonmetro 30 27 27 26 14 15 -- 27 16 14 -- 18 -- 5
Urbanized 20 18 19 17 8 8 -- 18 10 9 -- 10 -- 2
Less Urbanized 21 18 18 16 11 11 -- 18 12 11 -- 13 -- 5
Completely Rural 8 8 8 7 3 3 -- 9 4 2 -- 3 -- 0
FAMILY INCOME                            
Less Than $20,000 34 31 31 28 17 15 -- 33 17 13 -- 17 -- 7
$20,000 - $49,999 43 43 41 41 21 19 -- 43 20 22 -- 27 -- 11
$50,000 - $74,999 32 33 31 32 10 12 -- 30 15 11 -- 20 -- 5
$75,000 or More 51 49 50 48 15 17 -- 48 22 19 -- 30 -- 3
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE8                            
Yes 38 41 36 37 18 20 -- 43 20 17 -- 25 -- 10
No 72 67 68 66 27 25 -- 68 31 29 -- 42 -- 10
100719
Table 2.3D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
8 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.29 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.13 0.13 -- 0.30 0.14 0.14 -- 0.19 -- 0.06
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 0.72 0.72 0.71 0.70 0.26 0.31 -- 0.73 0.30 0.31 -- 0.50 -- 0.15
Midwest 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.46 0.24 0.25 -- 0.51 0.24 0.24 -- 0.31 -- 0.12
South 0.48 0.49 0.46 0.45 0.22 0.24 -- 0.49 0.28 0.25 -- 0.32 -- 0.08
West 0.71 0.70 0.68 0.68 0.30 0.26 -- 0.69 0.31 0.28 -- 0.43 -- 0.14
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 0.43 0.45 0.42 0.43 0.18 0.19 -- 0.43 0.18 0.18 -- 0.28 -- 0.07
Small Metro 0.49 0.48 0.48 0.46 0.23 0.21 -- 0.48 0.28 0.25 -- 0.32 -- 0.12
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.62 0.59 0.61 0.57 0.27 0.25 -- 0.62 0.35 0.30 -- 0.40 -- 0.16
< 250K Pop. 0.86 0.84 0.82 0.81 0.48 0.39 -- 0.74 0.50 0.46 -- 0.56 -- 0.17
Nonmetro 0.61 0.60 0.58 0.58 0.33 0.36 -- 0.64 0.36 0.35 -- 0.45 -- 0.13
Urbanized 0.95 0.85 0.88 0.82 0.43 0.46 -- 0.94 0.52 0.49 -- 0.56 -- 0.12
Less Urbanized 0.90 0.91 0.84 0.84 0.53 0.61 -- 0.92 0.57 0.59 -- 0.73 -- 0.26
Completely Rural 1.81 1.72 1.74 1.69 0.76 0.80 -- 1.92 0.98 0.43 -- 0.83 -- 0.12
FAMILY INCOME                            
Less Than $20,000 0.78 0.68 0.74 0.64 0.44 0.38 -- 0.73 0.42 0.33 -- 0.41 -- 0.18
$20,000 - $49,999 0.53 0.55 0.51 0.54 0.27 0.25 -- 0.53 0.25 0.29 -- 0.36 -- 0.14
$50,000 - $74,999 0.65 0.69 0.63 0.67 0.21 0.27 -- 0.64 0.32 0.26 -- 0.43 -- 0.11
$75,000 or More 0.51 0.51 0.50 0.49 0.17 0.19 -- 0.51 0.24 0.22 -- 0.33 -- 0.03
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE8                            
Yes 0.73 0.67 0.69 0.62 0.38 0.36 -- 0.69 0.40 0.32 -- 0.45 -- 0.18
No 0.32 0.32 0.31 0.32 0.13 0.13 -- 0.33 0.15 0.15 -- 0.21 -- 0.05
100719
Table 2.3P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Geographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION3,4 MEDICAL5 SPECIALTY
MENTAL
HEALTH AND
EDUCATION OR
MEDICAL4,6
JUVENILE
JUSTICE7
Total Outpatient1 Inpatient or
Residential2
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
4 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
5 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
6 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
7 Includes treatment/counseling received in juvenile detention centers, prisons, or jails, and often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system. A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
8 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.0915   0.1483   0.5628   --   0.0452   --   --  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                            
Northeast 0.2753   0.2047   0.5947   --   0.7212   --   --  
Midwest 0.8292   0.8142   0.1497   --   0.2561   --   --  
South 0.5481   0.4213   0.2146   --   0.3459   --   --  
West 0.1654   0.5464   0.0471   --   0.1061   --   --  
COUNTY TYPE                            
Large Metro 0.6331   0.5669   0.8926   --   0.3277   --   --  
Small Metro 0.0889   0.1607   0.2651   --   0.0424   --   --  
250K - 1 Mil. Pop. 0.3047   0.2939   0.6678   --   0.3558   --   --  
< 250K Pop. 0.1462   0.3635   0.0302   --   0.0305   --   --  
Nonmetro 0.1379   0.3294   0.8552   --   0.6795   --   --  
Urbanized 0.4811   0.5596   0.8962   --   0.5552   --   --  
Less Urbanized 0.2838   0.5299   0.9749   --   0.6121   --   --  
Completely Rural 0.3942   0.5491   0.7131   --   0.0717   --   --  
FAMILY INCOME                            
Less Than $20,000 0.0941   0.1223   0.4513   --   0.2607   --   --  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.3548   0.5348   0.4872   --   0.9699   --   --  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.8942   0.9278   0.5504   --   0.3348   --   --  
$75,000 or More 0.2974   0.3534   0.8505   --   0.0359   --   --  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE8                            
Yes 0.1803   0.1341   0.6798   --   0.1931   --   --  
No 0.1387   0.2999   0.3986   --   0.0916   --   --  
100719
Table 2.4C – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/
counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 72 73 69 69 32 32 -- 73 36 34 -- 47
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 32 32 31 29 16 16 -- 19 14 10 -- 17
Felt Depressed 50 47 49 45 16 22 -- 38 19 22 -- 29
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 35 31 35 30 11 11 -- 27 13 14 -- 19
Had Eating Problems 23 19 22 17 9 8 -- 12 11 9 -- 8
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 10 11 9 11 2 2 -- 4 6 6 -- 2
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 37 36 36 34 13 13 -- 34 13 10 -- 19
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 28 30 27 30 9 7 -- 23 10 10 -- 17
Got into Physical Fights 16 18 15 17 5 6 -- 18 7 4 -- 12
Had Problems with Home/Family 39 37 39 37 10 8 -- 26 13 12 -- 16
Had Problems with Friends 27 27 27 27 5 5 -- 30 6 9 -- 15
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 24 22 24 22 5 6 -- 21 8 6 -- 11
Had Problems at School 32 30 31 30 10 10 -- 28 12 11 -- 16
Some Other Reason10 23 23 21 22 11 6 -- 18 11 9 -- 7
100719
Table 2.4D – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/ counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 0.29 0.30 0.28 0.29 0.13 0.13 -- 0.30 0.14 0.14 -- 0.19
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 1.05 1.10 1.07 1.07 3.12 3.22 -- 0.85 2.09 1.95 -- 1.43
Felt Depressed 1.27 1.31 1.29 1.35 3.12 3.44 -- 1.43 2.48 3.02 -- 2.12
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 1.13 1.08 1.17 1.12 2.35 2.38 -- 1.13 2.01 2.54 -- 1.58
Had Eating Problems 0.79 0.69 0.80 0.67 2.05 1.94 -- 0.55 1.85 1.79 -- 0.79
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 0.35 0.44 0.35 0.46 0.56 0.44 -- 0.18 1.01 1.21 -- 0.16
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 1.13 1.19 1.16 1.20 2.82 2.86 -- 1.35 1.93 1.97 -- 1.66
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 0.91 1.05 0.93 1.09 1.99 1.78 -- 1.00 1.54 1.92 -- 1.47
Got into Physical Fights 0.56 0.66 0.56 0.67 1.29 1.44 -- 0.79 1.15 0.74 -- 1.10
Had Problems with Home/Family 1.20 1.16 1.26 1.19 2.27 1.93 -- 1.07 1.99 2.15 -- 1.38
Had Problems with Friends 0.94 0.96 0.98 1.00 1.25 1.20 -- 1.22 0.94 1.75 -- 1.31
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 0.82 0.80 0.85 0.84 1.20 1.50 -- 0.90 1.33 1.10 -- 0.98
Had Problems at School 1.04 1.03 1.08 1.09 2.18 2.24 -- 1.15 1.80 2.18 -- 1.42
Some Other Reason10 0.79 0.80 0.76 0.84 2.54 1.46 -- 0.82 1.80 1.71 -- 0.65
100719
Table 2.4P – Past Year Receipt of Mental Health Services and Reasons for Receiving Most Recent Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Reason for Receipt of
Mental Health Services1
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICE EDUCATION4,5 MEDICAL6 SPECIALTY
MENTAL HEALTH
AND EDUCATION
OR MEDICAL5,7
Total Outpatient2 Inpatient or
Residential3
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
NOTE: Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, the response categories are not mutually exclusive.
1 Respondents were asked the reasons for the last time they received mental health care from each of the reported mental health services and could indicate multiple reasons for the last time they received mental health care; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive. Respondents who did not indicate receiving mental health care from a particular mental health service category for any of the reasons listed in this table were excluded for that service.
2 Includes treatment/counseling from a (1) private therapist, psychologist, psychiatrist, social worker, or counselor; (2) mental health clinic or center; (3) partial day hospital or day treatment program; or (4) in-home therapist, counselor, or family preservation worker.
3 Includes treatment/counseling from an overnight or longer stay in a (1) hospital, (2) residential treatment center, or (3) foster care or therapeutic foster care home.
4 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes treatment/counseling from a (1) school social worker, school psychologist, or school counselor or (2) a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems. Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling or reasons for mental health care from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
5 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
6 Includes treatment/counseling from a pediatrician or other family doctor.
7 The Received Mental Health Services estimate includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of any services from either education or medical sources. The Reason for Receipt of Services excludes treatment or counseling from a special school or program within a regular school for students with emotional or behavioral problems.
8 The Received Mental Health Services row represents all youths who received treatment/counseling regardless of whether a reason is known.
9 Respondent reported in the other-specify question that he or she has been diagnosed with a mental or neurological disorder as a reason for having received mental health treatment/counseling. This reason is one of the most commonly reported other reasons for having received treatment/counseling.
10 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Some Other Reason for Receiving Mental Health Treatment/Counseling were classified as not having received treatment/ counseling for Some Other Reason.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
RECEIVED MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES8 0.0915   0.1483   0.5628   --   0.0452   --  
Thought about Killing Self or Tried to Kill Self 0.4426   0.6618   0.6328   --   0.4491   --  
Felt Depressed 0.1496   0.0739   0.0151   --   0.0129   --  
Felt Very Afraid and Tense 0.7478   0.7935   0.7259   --   0.1003   --  
Had Eating Problems 0.2501   0.1960   0.4896   --   0.2716   --  
Had Other Diagnosed Mental/Neurological Disorder9 0.3685   0.3244   0.7202   --   0.9487   --  
Broke Rules and "Acted Out" 0.8173   0.9544   0.8222   --   0.2252   --  
Had Trouble Controlling Anger 0.4415   0.3428   0.5580   --   0.9783   --  
Got into Physical Fights 0.1285   0.2720   0.1758   --   0.3178   --  
Had Problems with Home/Family 0.5273   0.7337   0.0917   --   0.7820   --  
Had Problems with Friends 0.5855   0.6036   0.7170   --   0.1013   --  
Had Problems with People Other Than Family/Friends 0.3764   0.4927   0.2315   --   0.2315   --  
Had Problems at School 0.8974   0.8383   0.3737   --   0.8462   --  
Some Other Reason10 0.2944   0.0509   0.0106   --   0.2748   --  
100609
Table 2.5C – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 32 32 28 27 38 37 37 34 27 26
Outpatient 28 30 27 25 37 37 36 32 25 23
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
31 31 25 24 34 35 34 30 20 18
Mental Health Clinic or Center 17 18 11 10 12 18 20 10 6 7
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
16 14 10 10 9 9 11 11 5 5
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
18 19 14 13 18 15 18 14 8 9
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
19 18 11 8 12 16 13 12 11 12
Hospital 19 18 9 8 11 15 12 9 6 7
Residential Treatment Center 12 12 4 6 7 6 9 9 6 9
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
4 * * * * * * * * *
100609
Table 2.5D – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: Standard Error of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 1.06 1.07 0.96 0.93 1.13 1.22 1.13 1.14 0.90 0.96
Outpatient 1.04 1.11 1.02 0.95 1.21 1.32 1.22 1.19 0.93 0.94
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
1.21 1.28 1.02 1.04 1.28 1.43 1.30 1.26 0.88 0.83
Mental Health Clinic or Center 2.79 2.92 2.07 1.92 2.17 3.03 3.02 2.09 1.21 1.43
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
3.60 3.61 2.76 3.03 2.55 2.73 2.78 3.26 1.45 1.55
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
2.46 2.61 2.02 2.07 2.42 2.27 2.45 2.14 1.22 1.47
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
2.89 2.91 1.93 1.62 2.19 2.74 2.38 2.19 2.01 2.29
Hospital 3.39 3.46 1.99 2.01 2.53 3.16 2.61 2.19 1.51 1.73
Residential Treatment Center 5.06 4.80 2.27 2.73 3.66 3.02 4.42 4.09 3.28 3.94
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
3.79 * * * * * * * * *
100609
Table 2.5P – Number of Visits or Overnight Stays in the Past Year for Specialty Mental Health Services among Persons Aged 12 to 17 Who Received Respective Specialty Mental Health Services in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Source of Specialty
Mental Health Service1
NUMBER OF VISITS OR OVERNIGHT STAYS FOR SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
1 2 3-6 7-24 25 or More
2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Receipt of specialty mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of specialty mental health service information or unknown number of visits/stays were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.3047   0.4345   0.4748   0.7291   0.3581  
Outpatient 0.1742   0.4322   0.5767   0.6132   0.5527  
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
0.5091   0.9302   0.7612   0.7617   0.9635  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.7749   0.4920   0.0078   0.0082   0.1924  
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
0.6631   0.7932   0.4832   0.5153   0.6602  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
0.2208   0.5014   0.4920   0.3840   0.1943  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
0.6187   0.1722   0.0998   0.5280   0.5593  
Hospital 0.3896   0.7306   0.0788   0.1676   0.7934  
Residential Treatment Center 0.5165   0.2555   0.5635   0.8314   0.3689  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
*   *   *   *   *  
100607
Table 2.6C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 60 59 53 49 37 35 32 32
12 18 18 14 15 10 8 * *
13 20 19 16 15 11 10 9 9
14 24 23 20 19 14 11 12 9
15 28 30 23 24 16 16 15 14
16 31 27 27 22 20 16 18 16
17 32 30 29 27 19 20 17 18
MALE 30 32 24 25 17 17 14 15
12 11 8 8 5 * * * *
13 12 8 10 7 * * * *
14 12 12 11 9 * * * *
15 12 17 8 12 * 7 * *
16 14 13 13 12 * 7 * *
17 16 16 12 15 7 11 * *
FEMALE 50 46 45 40 33 30 30 28
12 13 15 11 13 * * * *
13 17 17 13 13 9 9 * *
14 21 20 17 17 12 9 9 8
15 25 23 21 21 15 14 14 13
16 27 22 24 19 18 14 16 14
17 27 26 26 23 17 17 16 16
100607
Table 2.6D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.20 1.48 1.52 1.73 1.83
12 0.46 0.47 0.37 0.40 5.45 5.33 * *
13 0.51 0.49 0.42 0.39 4.19 4.32 5.27 5.17
14 0.57 0.54 0.49 0.45 3.83 3.46 4.25 4.19
15 0.61 0.64 0.51 0.53 3.33 2.99 4.19 3.53
16 0.65 0.61 0.58 0.52 3.00 3.11 3.59 3.80
17 0.71 0.65 0.64 0.60 3.46 3.28 4.10 3.95
MALE 0.24 0.26 0.20 0.20 2.74 2.55 3.24 3.22
12 0.58 0.44 0.44 0.29 * * * *
13 0.59 0.43 0.48 0.39 * * * *
14 0.55 0.57 0.51 0.43 * * * *
15 0.53 0.73 0.36 0.54 * 4.47 * *
16 0.64 0.60 0.58 0.53 * 4.93 * *
17 0.73 0.72 0.54 0.67 5.07 5.57 * *
FEMALE 0.42 0.39 0.38 0.34 1.75 1.79 2.06 2.12
12 0.69 0.79 0.58 0.73 * * * *
13 0.86 0.85 0.69 0.67 4.83 5.05 * *
14 1.01 0.95 0.84 0.81 4.39 3.99 4.69 4.81
15 1.11 1.04 0.97 0.95 3.88 3.70 4.83 4.32
16 1.15 1.04 1.04 0.92 3.56 3.99 4.23 4.81
17 1.19 1.09 1.13 0.98 4.21 4.05 4.89 4.84
100607
Table 2.6P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Gender and Detailed Age Category: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Gender/Age Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among Persons
with MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.6349   0.6385   0.1713   0.1387  
12 0.6851   0.8732   0.7071   *  
13 0.7004   0.9742   0.6251   0.6318  
14 0.4765   0.1540   0.6911   0.8192  
15 0.1648   0.1007   0.9460   0.2977  
16 0.0556   0.0512   0.0660   0.3036  
17 0.7446   0.8728   0.6951   0.7365  
MALE 0.3175   0.3025   0.2289   0.5513  
12 0.2023   0.1197   *   *  
13 0.2911   0.9861   *   *  
14 0.7887   0.2481   *   *  
15 0.0063   0.0094   *   *  
16 0.8113   0.8541   *   *  
17 0.4911   0.2008   0.7796   *  
FEMALE 0.1868   0.2222   0.3936   0.1943  
12 0.7173   0.2960   *   *  
13 0.9590   0.9290   0.7494   *  
14 0.3906   0.2481   0.4350   0.6147  
15 0.9775   0.5742   0.4137   0.5343  
16 0.0470   0.0451   0.4112   0.7549  
17 0.8357   0.5036   0.5561   0.7936  
100607
Table 2.7C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 60 59 53 49 37 35 32 32
Not Hispanic or Latino 54 52 48 43 33 31 30 27
White 49 48 43 39 31 26 28 22
Black or African American 25 27 21 22 12 13 11 12
American Indian or Alaska Native 5 3 3 2 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 19 14 16 11 * * * *
Two or More Races 10 6 9 6 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 27 26 23 22 16 16 12 15
100607
Table 2.7D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.20 1.48 1.52 1.73 1.83
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.27 0.24 0.22 1.58 1.60 1.92 1.90
White 0.31 0.31 0.28 0.26 1.89 1.82 2.22 2.12
Black or African American 0.62 0.70 0.53 0.59 3.57 4.11 4.29 5.07
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.89 2.03 2.27 1.66 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * * * *
Asian 1.80 1.39 1.60 1.14 * * * *
Two or More Races 1.84 1.24 1.76 1.12 * * * *
Hispanic or Latino 0.58 0.56 0.49 0.48 4.08 3.67 4.36 4.64
100607
Table 2.7P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Hispanic Origin and Race: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Hispanic Origin and Race Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in
the Past Year
among
Persons with
MDE with
Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.6349   0.6385   0.1713   0.1387  
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.5362   0.4360   0.0670   0.0203  
White 0.3916   0.2480   0.0389   0.0111  
Black or African American 0.3302   0.2060   0.2071   0.2069  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.4640   0.4355   *   *  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander *   *   *   *  
Asian 0.9956   0.8728   *   *  
Two or More Races 0.0732   0.0489   *   *  
Hispanic or Latino 0.8396   0.5844   0.6182   0.1769  
100607
Table 2.8C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 60 59 53 49 37 35 32 32
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 21 22 21 20 13 16 12 16
Midwest 23 23 20 19 13 14 12 12
South 39 34 32 29 23 19 20 17
West 36 33 32 27 22 21 20 18
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 50 49 44 40 28 26 26 24
Small Metro 38 37 33 29 21 20 19 17
Nonmetro 26 23 21 21 14 13 12 13
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 26 22 22 20 16 13 13 12
$20,000 - $49,999 35 37 31 29 20 19 19 17
$50,000 - $74,999 26 29 21 24 14 17 13 16
$75,000 or More 40 38 34 31 24 21 21 19
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 30 28 27 23 18 14 16 13
No 58 58 50 48 33 32 30 29
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 56 51 48 41 31 27 28 24
Medicaid/CHIP5 32 33 27 28 19 18 16 17
Other6 16 14 14 13 * * * *
No Coverage 16 19 13 15 8 10 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 30 32 25 27 18 16 16 15
Very Good 42 39 34 33 23 23 21 21
Good 32 31 28 27 20 18 18 15
Fair/Poor 19 13 18 12 9 10 * *
100607
Table 2.8D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.24 0.24 0.22 0.20 1.48 1.52 1.73 1.83
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.50 0.53 0.49 0.47 3.64 3.92 4.23 4.61
Midwest 0.42 0.44 0.37 0.36 2.50 2.51 2.95 2.88
South 0.44 0.38 0.36 0.33 2.61 2.35 3.11 2.96
West 0.61 0.58 0.55 0.47 3.36 3.32 3.89 4.00
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.35 0.35 0.31 0.29 2.24 2.19 2.66 2.68
Small Metro 0.46 0.43 0.42 0.34 2.66 2.64 3.10 3.16
Nonmetro 0.56 0.54 0.45 0.50 3.07 3.27 3.69 3.90
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.64 0.54 0.55 0.49 3.81 3.71 4.18 4.47
$20,000 - $49,999 0.43 0.47 0.39 0.38 2.72 2.53 3.10 3.02
$50,000 - $74,999 0.53 0.62 0.43 0.53 3.20 3.58 4.09 4.43
$75,000 or More 0.42 0.40 0.37 0.33 2.60 2.61 3.13 3.30
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.61 0.50 0.54 0.43 3.32 2.80 3.74 3.27
No 0.27 0.28 0.23 0.23 1.70 1.77 2.03 2.16
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.32 0.31 0.28 0.25 1.85 1.90 2.21 2.32
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.47 0.45 0.41 0.39 2.91 2.66 3.32 3.08
Other6 1.34 1.16 1.24 1.08 * * * *
No Coverage 0.78 0.94 0.66 0.77 5.21 4.68 * *
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.34 0.36 0.29 0.31 3.22 2.98 3.92 3.77
Very Good 0.39 0.36 0.33 0.31 2.33 2.23 2.72 2.69
Good 0.58 0.62 0.53 0.52 2.76 2.88 3.33 3.21
Fair/Poor 1.82 1.53 1.76 1.34 5.66 5.83 * *
100607
Table 2.8P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, and Receipt of Treatment for Depression in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with MDE or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year, by Geographic, Socioeconomic, and Health Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Geographic/Socioeconomic/
Health Characteristic
Had MDE
(2008)
Had MDE
(2009)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2008)
Had MDE
with Severe
Impairment1
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE2
(2009)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2008)
Received
Treatment for
Depression in the
Past Year among
Persons with
MDE with Severe
Impairment1,2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
2 Treatment is defined as seeing or talking to a medical doctor or other professional or using prescription medication for depression in the past year. Respondents with unknown treatment data were excluded.
3 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
4 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
5 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
6 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
7 Respondents with unknown health data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.6349   0.6385   0.1713   0.1387  
GEOGRAPHIC REGION                
Northeast 0.6708   0.8187   0.1030   0.1151  
Midwest 0.6604   0.8212   0.6521   0.5810  
South 0.1396   0.4073   0.0074   0.0210  
West 0.5280   0.7723   0.6576   0.3415  
COUNTY TYPE                
Large Metro 0.7281   0.6672   0.2926   0.1345  
Small Metro 0.2162   0.0688   0.2723   0.3158  
Nonmetro 0.9045   0.5506   0.9009   0.5238  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.1510   0.4554   0.3952   0.6166  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.6033   0.7126   0.1444   0.4326  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.5699   0.3833   0.5888   0.8429  
$75,000 or More 0.4557   0.5753   0.4877   0.1868  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE3                
Yes 0.6730   0.4095   0.0526   0.1861  
No 0.7195   0.8759   0.5672   0.3355  
HEALTH INSURANCE4                
Private 0.1135   0.1021   0.3042   0.0834  
Medicaid/CHIP5 0.7301   0.5277   0.2111   0.6989  
Other6 0.4497   0.6193   *   *  
No Coverage 0.0271   0.0851   0.6202   *  
OVERALL HEALTH7                
Excellent 0.3929   0.4784   0.0352   0.0605  
Very Good 0.6743   0.7255   0.9111   0.7208  
Good 0.5867   0.7439   0.2638   0.2105  
Fair/Poor 0.3674   0.2795   0.4587   *  
100607
Table 2.9C – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 86 89 43 37 91 97
Marijuana and Hashish 72 77 32 30 73 77
Cocaine 24 22 12 8 20 20
Crack 7 6 5 4 5 5
Heroin 11 7 5 4 9 6
Hallucinogens 35 38 14 15 32 35
LSD 18 14 8 8 16 11
PCP 10 10 5 4 8 9
Ecstasy 27 29 11 11 24 26
Inhalants 44 42 21 16 40 40
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 58 58 28 27 54 56
Pain Relievers 54 53 26 25 50 50
OxyContin® 17 20 10 9 14 17
Tranquilizers 29 26 14 13 25 22
Stimulants4 28 23 12 13 26 20
Methamphetamine4 14 13 5 9 13 9
Sedatives 14 16 8 10 11 12
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 69 71 33 31 67 72
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 28 29 11 11 26 28
Heavy Alcohol Use6 30 30 10 12 28 28
100607
Table 2.9D – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Substance Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.35 0.36 1.66 1.46 0.34 0.37
Marijuana and Hashish 0.29 0.31 1.37 1.34 0.29 0.32
Cocaine 0.10 0.09 0.58 0.39 0.09 0.09
Crack 0.03 0.03 0.26 0.19 0.02 0.02
Heroin 0.05 0.03 0.27 0.19 0.04 0.03
Hallucinogens 0.14 0.16 0.66 0.76 0.14 0.15
LSD 0.07 0.06 0.38 0.41 0.07 0.05
PCP 0.04 0.04 0.27 0.20 0.03 0.04
Ecstasy 0.11 0.12 0.53 0.57 0.11 0.12
Inhalants 0.18 0.17 0.97 0.81 0.17 0.17
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.23 0.24 1.25 1.22 0.23 0.23
Pain Relievers 0.22 0.22 1.16 1.13 0.22 0.21
OxyContin® 0.07 0.08 0.46 0.45 0.06 0.08
Tranquilizers 0.12 0.11 0.67 0.65 0.11 0.10
Stimulants4 0.11 0.09 0.61 0.68 0.11 0.09
Methamphetamine4 0.06 0.05 0.27 0.43 0.06 0.04
Sedatives 0.06 0.06 0.39 0.48 0.05 0.05
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.28 0.29 1.40 1.34 0.27 0.29
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.11 0.12 0.53 0.54 0.12 0.12
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.12 0.12 0.50 0.61 0.13 0.12
100607
Table 2.9P – Substance Use in the Past Year and Past Month among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Substance Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. The estimates for Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine incorporated in these summary estimates do not include data from the methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
3 Nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutics includes the nonmedical use of pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, or sedatives and does not include over-the-counter drugs.
4 Estimates of Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics, Stimulants, and Methamphetamine in the designated rows include data from methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006 and are not comparable with estimates presented in NSDUH reports prior to the 2007 National Findings Report. See Section B.4.8 in Appendix B of the Results from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: National Findings.
5 Past Month Daily Cigarette Use is defined as smoking on each of the past 30 days.
6 Heavy Alcohol Use is defined as drinking five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
PAST YEAR USE            
Illicit Drugs2 0.2692   0.4522   0.1020  
Marijuana and Hashish 0.1820   0.8588   0.1422  
Cocaine 0.0629   0.2498   0.1519  
Crack 0.6317   0.7589   0.6485  
Heroin 0.5633   0.8807   0.7603  
Hallucinogens 0.2878   0.1446   0.5570  
LSD 0.0803   0.1404   0.0087  
PCP 0.3501   0.2724   0.7238  
Ecstasy 0.0904   0.2486   0.1810  
Inhalants 0.8496   0.0804   0.7291  
Nonmedical Use of Psychotherapeutics3,4 0.9399   0.3629   0.7072  
Pain Relievers 0.7276   0.5878   0.8262  
OxyContin® 0.9409   0.8548   0.7749  
Tranquilizers 0.6670   0.6958   0.7038  
Stimulants4 0.3111   0.1479   0.0600  
Methamphetamine4 0.6930   0.5286   0.4963  
Sedatives 0.4898   0.5953   0.7100  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana2 0.8612   0.6606   0.8695  
PAST MONTH USE            
Daily Cigarette Use5 0.8632   0.9739   0.6124  
Heavy Alcohol Use6 0.4416   0.2720   0.5481  
100607
Table 2.10C – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 46 44 26 21 38 39
Marijuana 39 40 20 17 34 35
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 31 26 19 15 24 20
Alcohol 49 49 23 21 42 42
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 29 29 16 13 23 25
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 59 57 30 27 52 51
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 35 33 20 17 29 27
Marijuana 29 29 12 13 26 25
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 23 18 17 12 15 14
Alcohol 29 31 15 16 26 26
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 16 15 9 10 13 12
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 43 42 23 22 37 36
100607
Table 2.10D – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.18 0.18 1.17 1.03 0.17 0.17
Marijuana 0.15 0.16 0.94 0.86 0.15 0.15
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.13 0.11 0.89 0.76 0.11 0.09
Alcohol 0.20 0.20 1.05 1.03 0.19 0.19
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.12 0.12 0.76 0.66 0.10 0.11
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.24 0.23 1.32 1.23 0.22 0.22
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.14 0.13 0.95 0.86 0.13 0.12
Marijuana 0.12 0.12 0.60 0.67 0.12 0.11
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.09 0.07 0.81 0.62 0.06 0.06
Alcohol 0.12 0.13 0.74 0.80 0.11 0.12
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.06 0.06 0.44 0.48 0.06 0.05
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.17 0.17 1.10 1.03 0.16 0.16
100607
Table 2.10P – Substance Dependence or Abuse in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE): P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Dependence/Abuse Total1
(2008)
Total1
(2009)
MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
No MDE
(2008)
No MDE
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
1 Estimates in the Total column represent persons aged 12 to 17, including those with unknown past year MDE information.
2 Dependence or abuse is based on definitions found in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV).
3 Illicit Drugs include marijuana/hashish, cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana include cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants, or prescription-type psychotherapeutics used nonmedically. These estimates are based on data from the original questions not including methamphetamine items added in 2005 and 2006.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
DEPENDENCE OR ABUSE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.2214   0.2165   0.4539  
Marijuana 1.0000   0.6498   0.8843  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.0095   0.1883   0.0163  
Alcohol 0.3350   0.4124   0.4033  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.9139   0.4838   0.9663  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.0920   0.1732   0.2169  
DEPENDENCE2            
Illicit Drugs3 0.2033   0.8272   0.1716  
Marijuana 0.9706   0.1939   0.4710  
Illicit Drugs Other Than Marijuana3 0.0398   0.0596   0.3255  
Alcohol 0.7498   0.8818   0.8163  
Both Illicit Drugs and Alcohol3 0.8511   0.6485   0.4135  
Illicit Drugs or Alcohol3 0.4867   0.7783   0.5581  
100607
Table 2.11C – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL3 36 34 32 31
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 17 17 16 15
Other Medical Doctor4 7 7 7 6
Psychologist 21 20 20 18
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 18 17 17 15
Social Worker 14 15 13 14
Counselor 27 25 25 23
Other Mental Health Professional5 11 9 11 9
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 10 9 9 8
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 16 11 16 10
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 5 5 5 5
Other7 5 1 5 1
100607
Table 2.11D – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 2.27 2.27 2.57 2.62
Other Medical Doctor4 1.04 1.05 1.20 1.27
Psychologist 2.42 2.49 2.65 2.81
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 2.26 2.41 2.55 2.69
Social Worker 1.84 2.16 2.13 2.54
Counselor 2.64 2.68 2.95 2.92
Other Mental Health Professional5 1.48 1.45 1.77 1.78
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 1.43 1.41 1.57 1.59
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 2.18 1.67 2.51 1.93
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 0.72 0.76 0.85 0.92
Other7 0.68 0.20 0.84 0.25
100607
Table 2.11P – Type of Professional Seen among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with Major Depressive Episode (MDE) or MDE with Severe Impairment in the Past Year Who Saw or Talked to a Medical Doctor or Other Professional about Depression in the Past Year: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Type of Professional1 MDE
(2008)
MDE
(2009)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2008)
MDE with Severe
Impairment2
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
N/A: Not Available.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Impairment is based on the Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) role domains, which measure the impact of a disorder on a person's life. Impairment is defined as the highest severity level of role impairment across four domains: (1) chores at home, (2) school or work, (3) close relationships with family, and (4) social life. Ratings ≥ 7 on a 0 to 10 scale were considered Severe Impairment.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple professionals; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents with unknown Severe Impairment data were excluded.
3 Estimates in the Total row represent all persons aged 12 to 17 with past year MDE or past year MDE with severe impairment who saw or talked to a medical doctor or professional about depression in the past year, including those with unknown type of professional data.
4 Other Medical Doctor includes cardiologists, gynecologists, urologists, and other medical doctors that are not general practitioners or family doctors.
5 Other Mental Health Professional includes mental health nurses and other therapists where type is not specified.
6 Religious or Spiritual Advisor includes ministers, priests, or rabbis.
7 Respondents with unknown or invalid responses to the other-specify question on Other Type of Professionals Seen for Depression were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL3 N/A   N/A  
General Practitioner or Family Doctor 0.6715   0.5452  
Other Medical Doctor4 0.7573   0.9493  
Psychologist 0.4439   0.1798  
Psychiatrist or Psychotherapist 0.0541   0.0341  
Social Worker 0.4506   0.5272  
Counselor 0.4996   0.8675  
Other Mental Health Professional5 0.0603   0.0719  
Nurse, Occupational Therapist, or Other Health Professional 0.2876   0.5481  
Religious or Spiritual Advisor6 0.0640   0.0455  
Herbalist, Chiropractor, Acupuncturist, or Massage Therapist 0.5432   0.5167  
Other7 0.0159   0.0141  
100607
Table 2.12C – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 37 35 28 27 10 9 22 21
GENDER                
Male 17 17 12 14 7 3 10 8
Female 33 30 26 22 7 9 19 19
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 33 31 24 24 9 6 20 19
White 31 26 21 19 9 6 20 17
Black or African American 12 13 11 11 3 2 4 *
Other or Two or More Races 6 * 4 * 1 1 4 3
Hispanic or Latino 16 16 13 11 3 6 8 8
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 16 13 12 9 4 3 9 8
$20,000 - $49,999 20 19 17 13 6 7 9 11
$50,000 - $74,999 14 17 9 14 2 2 10 8
$75,000 or More 24 21 17 17 7 4 14 12
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 18 14 14 10 4 3 9 9
No 33 32 24 25 9 8 20 18
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 31 27 23 21 8 4 19 18
Medicaid/CHIP3 19 18 15 14 4 5 10 10
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 8 10 7 6 * * 3 4
100607
Table 2.12D – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2008 and 2009
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 1.48 1.52 1.25 1.24 0.48 0.46 1.01 1.01
GENDER                
Male 2.74 2.55 2.10 2.23 1.20 0.47 1.84 1.42
Female 1.75 1.79 1.55 1.47 0.49 0.63 1.22 1.29
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.58 1.60 1.32 1.33 0.54 0.40 1.13 1.10
White 1.89 1.82 1.54 1.43 0.68 0.51 1.41 1.33
Black or African American 3.57 4.11 3.40 3.57 1.10 0.70 1.58 *
Other or Two or More Races 4.09 * 3.08 * 0.53 0.40 2.37 2.36
Hispanic or Latino 4.08 3.67 3.68 2.92 0.99 1.74 2.09 2.19
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 3.81 3.71 3.28 3.16 1.18 1.25 2.75 2.50
$20,000 - $49,999 2.72 2.53 2.41 1.88 0.92 1.06 1.40 1.59
$50,000 - $74,999 3.20 3.58 2.33 3.33 0.56 0.67 2.51 2.12
$75,000 or More 2.60 2.61 2.09 2.25 0.90 0.66 1.87 1.77
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 3.32 2.80 2.93 2.08 1.10 0.69 2.06 2.01
No 1.70 1.77 1.38 1.47 0.53 0.55 1.15 1.13
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 1.85 1.90 1.51 1.57 0.61 0.34 1.31 1.39
Medicaid/CHIP3 2.91 2.66 2.65 2.26 0.82 0.89 1.86 1.72
Other4 * * * * * * * *
No Coverage 5.21 4.68 4.79 3.31 * * 2.41 2.37
100607
Table 2.12P – Type of Treatment Received in the Past Year for Depression among Persons Aged 12 to 17 with a Past Year Major Depressive Episode (MDE), by Demographic and Socioeconomic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2008
Demographic/Socioeconomic
Characteristic
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
OR Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
Only
(2009)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2008)
Used
Prescription
Medication
Only
(2009)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2008)
Saw or Talked
to Medical
Doctor or
Other
Professional
AND Used
Prescription
Medication
(2009)
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown past year treatment data were excluded.
1 Government Assistance is defined as one or more household family members having received Supplemental Security Income (SSI), cash assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, TANF), noncash assistance, or food stamps.
2 Respondents could indicate multiple types of health insurance; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
3 CHIP is the Children's Health Insurance Program. Individuals aged 19 or younger are eligible for this plan.
4 Other Health Insurance is defined as having Medicare, CHAMPUS, TRICARE, CHAMPVA, the VA, military health care, or any other type of health insurance.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2008 and 2009.
TOTAL 0.1713   0.4341   0.4120   0.4508  
GENDER                
Male 0.2289   0.4746   0.0116   0.1330  
Female 0.3936   0.2203   0.5119   0.9652  
HISPANIC ORIGIN OR RACE                
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0670   0.4088   0.1262   0.3064  
White 0.0389   0.2456   0.1908   0.3189  
Black or African American 0.2071   0.2353   0.4317   *  
Other or Two or More Races *   *   0.6529   0.9862  
Hispanic or Latino 0.6182   0.9084   0.3855   0.5812  
FAMILY INCOME                
Less Than $20,000 0.3952   0.5516   0.8715   0.5877  
$20,000 - $49,999 0.1444   0.0078   0.7882   0.1690  
$50,000 - $74,999 0.5888   0.3878   0.9231   0.6979  
$75,000 or More 0.4877   0.3241   0.2344   0.1006  
GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE1                
Yes 0.0526   0.0316   0.4109   0.9846  
No 0.5672   0.8799   0.6027   0.4027  
HEALTH INSURANCE2                
Private 0.3042   0.9914   0.0121   0.5732  
Medicaid/CHIP3 0.2111   0.1156   0.7306   0.9584  
Other4 *   *   *   *  
No Coverage 0.6202   0.0994   *   0.7435  
100609
Table 2.13C – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2004-2009
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2009.
TOTAL 62 63 60 63 60 59
AGE            
12-13 29 27 27 25 27 26
14-15 37 40 34 36 37 39
16-17 48 42 45 44 44 41
GENDER            
Male 32 32 32 33 30 32
Female 51 52 50 51 50 46
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 56 56 51 57 54 52
White 53 53 45 52 49 48
Black or African American 26 27 22 26 25 27
American Indian or Alaska Native 3 3 3 2 5 3
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 17 12 21 15 19 14
Two or More Races 10 7 12 7 10 6
Hispanic or Latino 28 29 29 26 27 26
100609
Table 2.13D – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2004-2009
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2009.
TOTAL 0.25 0.25 0.24 0.25 0.24 0.24
AGE            
12-13 0.33 0.33 0.34 0.32 0.34 0.34
14-15 0.42 0.44 0.38 0.41 0.42 0.44
16-17 0.54 0.47 0.48 0.49 0.47 0.45
GENDER            
Male 0.25 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.24 0.26
Female 0.42 0.42 0.41 0.43 0.42 0.39
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.27 0.27 0.25 0.28 0.27 0.27
White 0.31 0.32 0.27 0.33 0.31 0.31
Black or African American 0.63 0.64 0.52 0.63 0.62 0.70
American Indian or Alaska Native 2.03 1.44 2.44 1.60 2.89 2.03
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * * *
Asian 1.64 1.17 1.97 1.43 1.80 1.39
Two or More Races 2.15 1.62 2.53 1.61 1.84 1.24
Hispanic or Latino 0.67 0.68 0.65 0.58 0.58 0.56
100609
Table 2.13P – Had at Least One Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17, by Demographic Characteristics: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2004-2008
Demographic Characteristic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
NOTE: Major Depressive Episode (MDE) is defined as in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), which specifies a period of at least 2 weeks when a person experienced a depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure in daily activities and had a majority of specified depression symptoms. Respondents with unknown past year MDE data were excluded.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2004-2009.
TOTAL 0.0132 0.0528 0.5836 0.8672 0.6349  
AGE            
12-13 0.0642 0.1875 0.4743 0.5136 0.5830  
14-15 0.5657 0.2967 0.1208 0.5408 0.5461  
16-17 0.0073 0.0819 0.6858 0.1015 0.2703  
GENDER            
Male 0.3225 0.5924 0.2437 0.8585 0.3175  
Female 0.0152 0.0057 0.8850 0.7179 0.1868  
HISPANIC ORIGIN AND RACE            
Not Hispanic or Latino 0.0522 0.1723 0.4088 0.6192 0.5362  
White 0.0375 0.0669 0.6367 0.4348 0.3916  
Black or African American 0.8241 0.7558 0.0993 0.8947 0.3302  
American Indian or Alaska Native 0.9062 0.5940 0.5688 0.2679 0.4640  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander * * * * *  
Asian 0.7364 0.3877 0.9946 0.6733 0.9956  
Two or More Races 0.1292 0.1994 0.0789 0.2906 0.0732  
Hispanic or Latino 0.1118 0.1159 0.6983 0.4850 0.8396  
100719
Table 2.14C – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Numbers in Thousands, 2002-2009
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 70 71 79 76 74 77 72 73
Outpatient 67 68 75 73 72 72 69 69
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
63 61 64 66 65 67 67 64
Mental Health Clinic or Center 35 31 38 34 33 30 32 31
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
27 25 28 29 31 28 26 24
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
33 32 40 36 37 37 35 35
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
33 35 38 37 38 34 32 32
Hospital 28 31 32 30 33 31 28 28
Residential Treatment Center 20 23 24 22 20 17 19 20
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
15 19 18 17 17 13 14 13
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 73
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 63
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 43
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 33 37 36 42 35 35 36 34
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 47
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 14
100719
Table 2.14D – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: Standard Errors of Percentages, 2002-2009
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.29 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.31 0.29 0.30
Outpatient 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.29
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26 0.26 0.27 0.27 0.26
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.13
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
0.11 0.10 0.11 0.11 0.12 0.11 0.10 0.10
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
0.13 0.13 0.16 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.14
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.13 0.13 0.13
Hospital 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.12 0.11 0.11
Residential Treatment Center 0.08 0.09 0.09 0.09 0.08 0.07 0.08 0.08
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
0.06 0.08 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.06 0.05
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.30
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.26
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.18
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.13 0.15 0.15 0.17 0.14 0.14 0.14 0.14
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.19
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 0.06
100719
Table 2.14P – Source of Mental Health Service in the Past Year among Persons Aged 12 to 17: P Values from Tests of Differences of Percentages, 2009 Versus 2002-2008
Source of Mental Health Service1 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
*Low precision; no estimate reported.
-- Not available.
NOTE: Receipt of mental health services for persons aged 12 to 17 is defined as having received treatment/counseling for emotional or behavioral problems not caused by drug or alcohol use.
NOTE: Respondents with unknown receipt of mental health service information were excluded.
1 Respondents could indicate multiple service sources; thus, these response categories are not mutually exclusive.
2 Respondents who did not report their school enrollment status, who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months, or who reported being home-schooled were not asked about receipt of mental health treatment/counseling from this source; however respondents who reported not being enrolled in school in the past 12 months were classified as not having received treatment/counseling from this source.
3 Because of revisions to the Source of Youth Mental Health Education Services questions in 2009, these estimates are not comparable with the education services estimates presented before the 2009 NSDUH.
4 Includes receipt of any specialty mental health services and receipt of services from either Education or Medical sources.
5 A question on receiving Juvenile Justice Youth Mental Health Services was added to NSDUH in 2009 so data are not available for 2008.
6 These services were often provided by psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers or counselors who work for the court system.
Source: SAMHSA, Office of Applied Studies, National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2009.
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH 0.8986 0.2186 0.0005 0.0003 0.0096 0.2546 0.0915  
Outpatient 0.9920 0.2684 0.0028 0.0009 0.0369 0.4200 0.1483  
Private Therapist, Psychologist,
Psychiatrist, Social Worker, or
Counselor
0.5937 0.7708 0.0480 0.0155 0.4807 0.8040 0.3934  
Mental Health Clinic or Center 0.1279 0.0392 0.0007 0.0238 0.4071 0.4611 0.6591  
Partial Day Hospital or Day
Treatment Program
0.0071 0.0235 0.0148 0.0075 0.0019 0.0693 0.4521  
In-Home Therapist, Counselor, or
Family Preservation Worker
0.4595 0.8840 0.0821 0.2498 0.3873 0.4855 0.3482  
Inpatient or Residential (Overnight or
Longer Stay)
0.6802 0.2912 0.0118 0.0199 0.0866 0.2827 0.5628  
Hospital 0.6752 0.5682 0.1075 0.0522 0.1371 0.1191 0.5682  
Residential Treatment Center 0.6808 0.5565 0.0079 0.6982 0.7968 0.4975 0.4994  
Foster Care or Therapeutic Foster
Care Home
0.0016 0.0002 0.0052 0.0223 0.1057 0.3574 0.1867  
EDUCATION2,3 -- -- -- -- -- -- --  
School Social Worker, School Psychologist or School Counselor -- -- -- -- -- -- --  
Special School or Program
within a Regular School for Students
with Emotional or Behavioral Problems
-- -- -- -- -- -- --  
MEDICAL                
Pediatrician or Other Family Doctor 0.3060 0.0185 0.0000 0.0005 0.1448 0.1310 0.0452  
SPECIALTY MENTAL HEALTH AND EDUCATION OR MEDICAL3,4 -- -- -- -- -- -- --  
JUVENILE JUSTICE5                
Juvenile Detention Center, Prison, or Jail6 -- -- -- -- -- -- --  

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