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Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 452
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 75
Metro area population, 2008 5,728,143
Population covered by DAWN 3,984,349
Percent of population covered by DAWN 70%

Metro area overview: Deaths and population by county, 2008
Counties Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
* Area did not participate in DAWN this year.
Total participating (1) 452 11.3 75 1.9 3,984,349
1. Austin County, TX*         26,851
2. Brazoria County, TX*         301,044
3. Chambers County, TX*         29,356
4. Fort Bend County, TX*         532,141
5. Galveston County, TX*         288,239
6. Harris County, TX 452 11.3 75 1.9 3,984,349
7. Liberty County, TX*         75,333
8. Montgomery County, TX*         429,953
9. San Jacinto County, TX*         24,882
10. Waller County, TX*         35,995

Deaths by manner of death, 2008
Suicide 14.2%
Homicide 0.4%
Could not be determined 0.2%
Accidental 78.4%
Natural 6.8%

Place of death, 2008
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 185
Home 200
Public place 21
Other 46
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 22
Home 42
Public place --
Other 10
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 21 217 238
Cocaine 93 117 210
Benzodiazepines 1 168 169
Alcohol 3 129 132
Muscle relaxants 1 76 77

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 2 35 37
Benzodiazepines 1 32 33
Antidepressants 1 20 21
Alcohol 1 18 19
Muscle relaxants 0 16 16

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 14.5
Female 8.2

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 1.2
21 to 34 14.4
35 to 54 20.7
55 and over 11.0

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 1.8
Female 2.0

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.2
21 to 34 2.4
35 to 54 3.5
55 and over 1.7

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2007-2008
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 577 452 144 80 75 15
Alcohol* 115 132 -- 18 19 --
Cocaine 275 210 93 8 8 0
Marijuana 0 -- 0 0 -- 0
Stimulants 13 20 6 -- 0 0
Club drugs 7 -- 0 -- -- --
Hallucinogens†† 7 5 0 -- 0 0
Inhalants -- 5 4 0 -- --
Antidepressants 46 43 0 22 21 --
Antipsychotics 13 9 -- 11 8 --
Benzodiazepines 251 169 -- 34 33 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 42 23 0 18 15 0
Opiates/opioids 324 238 21 38 37 --
– Heroin (specified) 30 34 8 0 0 0
– Methadone 62 42 5 4 -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 267 182 8 35 36 --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents -- -- 0 -- -- 0
Salicylates/combinations 0 -- 0 4 -- 0
Misc. analgesics/combinations 23 22 -- 19 15 0
Anticonvulsants 10 13 -- -- 6 --
Muscle relaxants 132 77 -- 16 16 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2008 (08/2009 update).

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