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Springfield, MA: Hampden County, MA

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 82
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 4
Population 460,840
Drug-related deaths per 100,000 population 17.8
Drug-related suicide deaths per 100,000 population 0.9

Deaths by manner of death, 2008
Suicide 4.7%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 2.3%
Accidental 88.4%
Natural 4.7%

Place of death, 2008
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 33
Home 41
Public place --
Other 6
Not documented 0

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility --
Home --
Public place 0
Other 0
Not documented 0

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 23 40 63
Cocaine 9 26 35
Alcohol 0 20 20
Antidepressants 1 6 7
Benzodiazepines 0 6 6

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 27.0
Female 9.2

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.8
21 to 34 33.4
35 to 54 36.6
55 and over 5.2

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2007-2008
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 92 82 35 -- 4 --
Alcohol* 24 20 0 -- -- --
Cocaine 42 35 9 -- -- --
Marijuana -- -- 0 -- 0 --
Stimulants 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Club drugs 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Inhalants 0 0 0 -- -- --
Antidepressants 8 7 -- -- -- --
Antipsychotics -- 0 0 -- 0 --
Benzodiazepines 4 6 0 -- 0 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 4 -- 0 -- -- --
Opiates/opioids 58 63 23 -- -- --
– Heroin (specified) 11 16 6 -- 0 --
– Methadone 10 13 4 -- 0 --
– All other opiates/opioids 41 36 13 -- -- --
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Salicylates/combinations 0 0 0 -- 0 --
Misc. analgesics/combinations -- -- -- -- 0 --
Anticonvulsants 0 -- 0 -- 0 --
Muscle relaxants -- 0 0 -- 0 --

End Notes

1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2008 (08/2009 update).

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