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Massachusetts

Drug-related deaths reported to DAWN 914
Drug-related suicide deaths reported to DAWN 100
State population, 2008 6,497,967
Population covered by DAWN 6,497,967
Percent of population covered by DAWN 100%

State overview: Deaths and population by county, 2008
Counties Drug-related Drug-related suicide Population
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Total participating (14) 914 14.1 100 1.5 6,497,967
1. Barnstable County 30 13.6 4 1.8 221,049
2. Berkshire County 13 10.0 4 3.1 129,395
3. Bristol County 106 19.4 6 1.1 545,823
4. Dukes County 1 6.4 0 0.0 15,527
5. Essex County 92 12.5 17 2.3 736,457
6. Franklin County 4 5.6 0 0.0 71,735
7. Hampden County 82 17.8 4 0.9 460,840
8. Hampshire County 16 10.3 2 1.3 154,983
9. Middlesex County 160 10.8 22 1.5 1,482,478
10. Nantucket County 0 0.0 0 0.0 11,215
11. Norfolk County 77 11.7 6 0.9 659,909
12. Plymouth County 67 13.6 8 1.6 492,066
13. Suffolk County 153 20.9 13 1.8 732,684
14. Worcester County 113 14.4 14 1.8 783,806

Deaths by manner of death, 2008
Suicide 9.9%
Homicide 0.0%
Could not be determined 4.8%
Accidental 80.3%
Natural 5.0%

Place of death, 2008
Drug-related Deaths
Health care facility 367
Home 388
Public place 23
Other 120
Not documented 16

Drug-related suicide Deaths
Health care facility 28
Home 53
Public place --
Other 17
Not documented --

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 146 541 687
Cocaine 46 293 339
Alcohol 1 287 288
Benzodiazepines 0 153 153
Antidepressants 7 89 96

Top 5 drugs involved: Drug-related suicide deaths, 2008
Drug category Single-drug deaths Multi-drug deaths Total
Opiates/opioids 5 35 40
Alcohol 0 35 35
Antidepressants 3 31 34
Benzodiazepines 1 20 21
Cocaine 2 15 17

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 21.2
Female 7.4

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.8
21 to 34 18.7
35 to 54 26.4
55 and over 9.8

Death rates by gender and age: Drug-related suicide, 2008
Gender Deaths per 100,000 population
Male 2.0
Female 1.1

Age Deaths per 100,000 population
Under 21 0.1
21 to 34 1.3
35 to 54 2.7
55 and over 1.9

Drug-related deaths by drug category, 2007-2008
Drug category Drug-related Drug-related suicide
Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008 Deaths, 2007 Deaths, 2008 Single-drug deaths, 2008
* Includes alcohol in combination with other drugs (all ages) and alcohol alone in decedents under age 21.
Includes MDMA (Ecstasy), GHB, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol), and ketamine.
†† Includes PCP, LSD, and miscellaneous hallucinogens.
ALL DRUGS 1,019 914 266 108 100 22
Alcohol* 303 288 -- 31 35 0
Cocaine 450 339 46 14 17 --
Marijuana 80 66 -- 4 7 0
Stimulants 42 19 0 6 -- 0
Club drugs -- 0 0 -- 0 0
Hallucinogens†† 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inhalants -- -- -- 8 6 --
Antidepressants 171 96 7 44 34 --
Antipsychotics 28 21 -- 17 16 --
Benzodiazepines 175 153 0 26 21 --
Misc. anxiolytics, sedatives, and hypnotics 30 28 -- 18 15 --
Opiates/opioids 771 687 146 32 40 5
– Heroin (specified) 76 65 15 -- -- 0
– Methadone 189 129 16 -- -- 0
– All other opiates/opioids 586 542 115 29 36 5
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents 0 0 0 0 -- 0
Salicylates/combinations -- -- 0 -- -- --
Misc. analgesics/combinations 16 13 -- 12 12 --
Anticonvulsants 9 9 -- -- -- 0
Muscle relaxants 15 8 0 -- 5 0

End Notes
1. Drug-related deaths exclude suicides.
2. All death rates are per 100,000 population.
3. -- A number less than 4 has been suppressed.
SOURCE: Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA, Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2008 (08/2009 update).

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